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abacc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. abacc or dil.ie/19
Last Revised: 2013

n o, m. (see Vendr. Lex. and Études Celt. xxiv 185 ) dwarf. In native glossaries derived from 1 ab (cf. Ériu xvi 38.4 cited below and We. afanc beaver), but the exx. do not support the meaning castor (Vendr.). abac .i. ab aband ┐ bac beg; bec bīs i n-aibnib é. Nó becc a á .i. a airde, Corm. Y 83 . a.¤ .i. bec abae, ar is a n-aibnib bit, ut dicitur: Tuatha a.¤ usce uair gluair conanat in gach dail, O'Mulc. 3 . a.¤ .i. bec adbae fobith senbic frith is in boind , O'Curry 123 ( H 3.18, 74 - 5 ) (referring to the story of Senbec, RC vi 182 ; Ériu xiii 26 ). in t-aboc o Rus chaem Chas / noco n-é a taeb as imda .i. fota, LU 1029 (ACC). doluid in t-abac . . ./ . . ./ co romarbsat in abacc / fo a cossaib iar crín-amarc / ó lecht ind abaic-sin síar, Metr. Dinds. i 18.69 . a.¤ Pátraic, Trip.² 1905 . ro tṡillestar sí ar in n-abhacc .i. Cnú deireoil, Acall. 6000 . mar do bemais 'nar lenbaib bliadne nó 'nar n-abhcaibh beca, 5927 v.l. Lecht ind Abaicc (one of the monuments of Tara), LL 3843 (cf. lige). lige in abuic, Todd Nenn. 200.1 . mac Mēin in t-aphac bec aon-dhuine is lugha a ufianaib Ēreann, Feis Tighe Chonáin 255 . abac do fuair Fionn ferda, SG 108.6 . Cronán abhacc ab Cluana mic Nóis, TFrag. 94.9 = Cronán becc, AFM i 296.6 . cruitín no abhac, Levit. xxi 20 . abhac `a dwarf', Eg. Gl. 27 . Associated with luchorpán: doloto(ta)r lucorpain dond rig . . . atgege fergus fair . . . eolas fobarta fo muirib . . . rotbia ar int a.¤ acht aen ar[a]cuillimm airiut loch rudrige, Ériu xvi 38.4 ( Laws i 72.6 .) líntar in port forru do demnaibh i ndealbhuibh abhac ┐ luchrapan, Lism. L. 3776 . nān .i. bec, ut dicitur, nanus .i. abac lucharbán, O'Mulc. 828 .

ad-boind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-boind or dil.ie/368

Forms: a-t-bois, ad-bo, -arfastar, apad, aptha

v ( ad-bond-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 476 ). Subj. Pres. 2 s. a-t-bois, O'Dav. 89 . 3 s. ad-bo, ib. ? Pass. (with ro) -arfastar (= árbastar?), Laws ii 48.4 . Cf. as-boind with which this vb. is sometimes confused and to which some of the exx. below may belong.

Proclaims, gives notice or warning (DO to): do gaib na heocho . . . ┐ ata-boind do fir bede heich and gives notice of them to the man whose they are, Laws iv 104.z. Comm. atabaind . . . fo na cricha he gives notice of them throughout the country, 106.3 Comm. adbonnar do flaith do eclais `let it be proclaimed to the chief, to the church', iii 298.6 . ni gaibther athgabail neimhe[d] graid flatha . . . co n-arfastur (= árbastar?) doib cu dechmuid `till notice be given to them of ten days', ii 48.4 . co n-arfastar doib fo lin fiadan, v 442.21 . lecidh in fear a cetmuindtir ┐ atboind na tucadh neach, 200.14 Comm. atbonnar do cach fia fiadnaib tuidhecht di, O'Curry 476 (H 3.18 p. 248). atboind ratha rechta, 2486 ( Eg. 88 fo. 39 (40)c ). ar apndachaib fine .i. adbonn fine a curu, 837 (H 3.18, p. 382a). o adponnar if notice be given, 797 (H 3. 18, p. 370b). for fuigell . . . atabonar, O'D. 2212 ( Nero A vii p. 146b ). in la segar ise la adbonar, 620 ( H 3.17 col. 461 ). adbo .i. urfocraim .i. obaim nó atboinn nó atbois ut est atbois a réir britheman, O'Dav. 89 . ? atbois .i. tobach ceni torbois .i. cenipe tualaing, O'Curry 1975 ( H 4.22, 17 ).

Vn. apad.

Part. aptha.

1 apad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 apad or dil.ie/3859
Last Revised: 2019

o, n. Vn. of ad-boind . act of proclaiming, giving notice . In Laws used of the period of notice given before the process of athgabál is begun: [d]o airlither anta for athgabala ┐ da napa[d] do cuisin do cach athgabail . . . a.¤ cuicthe do fechemuin ┐ a.¤ dechmaide do feine, Laws i 262.20 . cintach cach fine iar n-elodh iar n-apa iar n-urfogra, 264.14 . robui in athgabail cen anad cen apadh cen dithim, 80.7 Comm. nocha ninnruighi é . . . a gabail athgabala . . . muna roibe fath is deach aice in gach sofis anta ┐ apuid, ii 88.16 Comm. a.¤ naile o mhnaoi ┐ tesus is tir a foircend na haoile ┐ anadh se la notice of two days is given by a woman and she goes into the land at the end of two days, iv 22.16 Comm. abad teora dechmadh do tabairt iman ferann; abad cach lae do tabairt ime re re na cétdechmaidhe, 2.18 Comm. muna fuil forus aice etir, nocha nfuil re do acht apud raite air i.e. if he has no land of his own he is given the notice of common land, ii 90.9 Comm. iar naimsir apaid . . . uair inann a.¤ ┐ urḟoccra sunn, O'Curry 1444 (H 3.18, 645a). cin a.¤ .i. focedoir; cin forfogra .i. iardain, 2245 ( Eg. 88, 18(19)a ). a.¤ ┐ forais, Cáin Ad. 39 . ? Matudán miad / a.¤ mál ial (a.¤ adbal ial v.l.) / cotgaib cach riad / roimdidi, IT iii 57 § 109 . Note also: adhbo .i. abach .i. earfhuagra, O'Cl.

See also dían-apad.

2 ás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ás or dil.ie/4364

x = 1 ós: ás ḟargi, LL 10965 ( TBC-LL¹ 4132 . ós, St.). tu-su as ar cind, ACL iii 235.25 . i rRos na Ríg ás Bóind , CRR 20 . as ur na Boinne, 26 . bentai . . . cona claidiub asa díb n-axalaib, LU 5676 = isa, TBC-I¹ 1202 , where note says leg. ósa. feochra in challait as cach ceird, Metr. Dinds. iv 120.7 .

as-boind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-boind or dil.ie/4386

Forms: -opaind, opad

v prot. -opaind (*oss-bo-n-d). See GOI §§ 627 , 849 ; Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 476 ; Wortk. 211 . Cf. also Ériu x 127 , xii 60 § 18 . Refuses. Indic. pres. 3 s. ni innarban nad apunn, ZCP xiv 378 § 41 . 3 pl. ní obuid in cath crūaidh `they do not refuse', Fianaig. 76.18 . Pass. sg. nac fer ales folach . . . asbonnar na dingabar `there is refusal [by the injurer] to remove him', BCrólige 18 . co n-opanar a lepaith, ZCP xiii 23.13 (`so dass untersagt wird ihm Lager . . . zu gewähren', Bürgschaft 11 § 36 ). Subj. pres. 2 s. nī obbais, ZCP iii 454.10 . ní obais (obuis v.l.), Ériu i 199 § 20 n. 19 = nī opae, text. 3 s. ma's-bo flaith foreigi(u)m for fiadnu, ZCP xiv 381 § 44 . conimop gl. non detractet, Ml. 20b6 . arnaoip gl. detractet, 42a2 . dogrés ní op idparta `never should he refuse offerings', Ériu iii 98 § 14 . With ro: is tualaing cechtar na[i] as-rob curu araili, Ériu xi 73 § 3 . 1 pl. ma atabosum iarnar toichid bid bare leo, Anecd. i 40.z `if we refuse them', Ériu iv 42 . 2 pl. tiomnaim dhaoibh fortseisidh fíor, ad-bosaidh gaoi, Ériu xiii 19.4 . Fut. 1 s. ni obus-sa ingin rí Erenn, ZCP xiii 280.6 . 3 s. ad-buib nemh nertfaidh ifern he will refuse heaven, Ériu xiii 19.6 . Pret. 3 s. atbobuid in fili uile acht mad cussin mnaí, LU 10954 . atoop C. `C. refused her', RC xi 444.31 .

On confusion with ad-boind see BCrólige 18 note.

Vn. opad.

bán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bán or dil.ie/5318
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bainithir

adj o, ā

I

(a) white, fair, bright; pure, holy, blessed; of a page, blank: dichennadh Ioain Babtaist bain `pure', Blathm. 247. tara ngnúissi bána (of the saints), Fél. Ep. 339. in grían b.¤ ban Muman / Íte, Jan. 15. timpān .i. tim .i. sail ┐ bān .i. umae bīs inti, Corm. Y 1258 (whence: ban .i. umha, O'Cl.). scíath brec . . . bil b.¤ findruini, LU 8602 ( FB 45 ). braen bat[h]is báin, 2998 (H). co lá brátha báin, 348 . an biadh ban `the white food', Leb. Gab.(i) 46.19 (= good food i.e. milk, etc.?). gabus Eba in t-ubull b.¤ fair, Ériu iv 114 § 10. co tarla a dī bond bána fair so that he fell dead with upturned soles, MU² 988 (cf. bánaigid). libair bána leisa ngabar salmthrátha, SG 52.2 . uch a lám, / ar' scribis do memrum b.¤ , ZCP ii 225.1 . na Bóinne báine, Keat. Poems 432. i mbruighnibh bána in white halls, Hackett xl 266 . ? In pejorative sense: a bachlaig bāin, Bruchst. i 27 § 59 (`blutleerer'). tuata b.¤ `a boorish clown', Ó Bruad. ii 14.z . In n. loc. Benn b.¤ in retha, Acall. 5637. In verse freq. as epithet of blíadain: o gein Crist co bliadain ṁbáin (= this year), LL 15430. arim trí ṅdéich ṁbliadan ṁb.¤ , MacCarthy 180 § 6 . Compar. ba baine (bainithir, v.l.) linscoit lenead arna langlanad, TTebe 480 .

In phr., bélre (bérla) b.¤ , see biait.

(b) pale; of a fight etc., bloodless: b.¤ gl. ex[s]anguis, Sg. 67a19 . ni ban re ndol fri croich `unbloody', Blathm. 234. nidat bána mo chrechtasa, LU 7991 (BDD). beóil bána, TBC-LL¹ 4104. i ndáil bain báis, LL 19352. ina ḟanntassib bána, LB 154b59 . ba bana buadirthi na Greic uili ri heicin na hitad sin, TTebe 1776 . senoir etlaidhe b.¤ . . . gan fuil, gan feoil, BNnÉ 77 § 145 . is b.¤ in gleó sa, TBC-LL¹ 4585.

(c) Of land, etc. untilled, waste, unoccupied: rannchuid di bān ga[n] aittreabadh nō inotacht (of a city), Fl. Earls 70.y . tré fhearann b.¤ fásuigh, Jeremiah ii 6.

II As subst.

(a) fair one; blameless one; of a page, blank space: D. deich ṁbliadna don b.¤ , LL 4379. mochean do'n bh.¤ nach can brég (of Molaise), SG 29.18 . an b.¤-sa a ndeiread na duilleoigi, TTebe xv § 2 . féch féin in beg nó in mór in b.¤ so `this blank space' (in a MS.), O'Gr. Cat. 110.z.

(b) untilled land, lea: thógfadh an spád ┐ rómharfadh an b.¤ , Hard. i 272.10 . pn In placename: B. Leathan, O'Don. Suppl. Cf. bánta.

(c) Expld. as truth: `ban' is `binne,' anmonna íad d'ḟírinne, Metr. Gl. 27 § 34 (perh. arising out of some gloss on bélre b.¤ ). Whence probably: ban .i. fírinne, O'Cl. ban .i. fir, Lec. Gl. 174. Stowe Gl. 238.

? ba b.¤ ar bruid, Metr. Dinds. iv 178.11 (`it was "a white page for a blot"'). ? cíarb éicess Nár cosin neim / dofuc co b.¤ in ben-sin `brought him to pale death', 8 .

Compds. Usu. with meaning white, bright, pale; bloodless ; somet. weakening the implication of the compounded word and contrasted with derg used as intensive prefix (cf. subrufa, mar bhánór. rufa, mar dergór. Subrubea, mar bhanchroch. rubea mar dergchroch. Subrubicunda, mar fhuil uisgeamail no bhanlasair. rubicunda mar fhuil dhegdha(a)tha no dearglasair, 23 K 42 , 162.12 ff.). With nouns: ben chain bánainech, TBC-LL¹ 4314. brettnas bánargait, 5426 . a mbleidedha banóir ┐ banairgid, Acall. 405. reacht bánbathisi `purifying baptism's law', O'Gr. Cat. 100.7. ó bas co banbem a blow which does not draw blood, Cóic Con. 41 § 60. nocha bánbhéim acht cneadh chinn no light misfortune, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.175 . ? ní bán-bhreath (sic leg.) a lenient judgment (?), Leb. Cert. 104.8 . (= ní hainbreath, Leb. Cert.² 745 ). Bóand bánbronnat `white bellied', Metr. Dinds. iii 34.16 . ro ir dom . . . .x. mbanchaimsa (.i. léne beca nó nulam), Ériu ii 5.4 . airitiu ind nóib Ióib / iar ṁbúaid ┐ bánchath (: márrath), Fél. June 8 (.i. nirbo dergmartra rofucc). ? bancloth briugad for tuatha do erdidbud, Laws i 232.2 . ní seagur comtús tar condeilg mbreitheman banclotha tuath .i. ni coir do dul co breithemh eile sech in fírbreithemh bís isin tuaith of fair renown, O'D. 764 (H. 3.17, 549). Banchomrag Ferghusa, TBC-LL¹ p. 418 n.2 . ban(n)esorgain nat faccaib cnoc `white (bloodless) mayhem', Bretha 24 (glossed .i. banbeim, see p. 59). Bandha na mbánḟoithreadh `fair forests', TD 16.1 . Bángleo Rochada (the name of one incident of the Táin), TBC-LL¹ 4555. an béal arna bhán-ghormadh `growing wan, pale-blue' (Gloss.), TSh. 1093. bánlann óir fria hedan, Acall. 3895 v.l. (niamlann d'ór buidhe . . ., text). coic bliadna os cach banleittir, Rawl. 164b28 . . . . an bánmaidhm sin cen go ro fuiligheadh nó go ro fordhearccadh for neach etorra, AFM v 1362.6 . báanmartre ┐ glasmartre ┐ dercmartre, Thes. ii 246.30 cf. BCC 432.37 (§ 391) . issí in bánmartre du duiniu intain scaras ar Dea fri cach réet caris, 247.1 (Cambr.). cond bo buachaill i mbansoillsi, Laws iv 96.23 . bánsuile mora a n-iarthar cind in bathlaig, Acall. 1871 v.l. co ṁbántlacht `with white raiment', Fél. Ep. 331 (cot banlucht, v.l.). cloch is cosmail re banumha `electrum', Celtica ii 84.474 .

With adjj.: doghabh a sciath . . . mbancorcra, Ériu iii 170 § 28 . inneoch narbtar banglasa dib robtar dubglasa (of the sacrificial entrails), CCath. 966. do indrechtānu bó bánméthi, MacCongl. 89.27 . borbdam banodhur, IT iii 87 § 99.

With adjj. derived from nouns: i gcrích mhín bhánacraigh Bhreagh, DDána 118.3 . cléirech bánaightheach brightfaced, SG 30.y . o Boind bind banbruthaig, LL 1027.

With vb.: saoirfhear . . . / dar báinghealadh toradh is meas míon Mhumhan was whitened, ripened, Aithd. D. 4.7 .

Boänd, Bóinn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Boänd, Bóinn or dil.ie/6206
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: Boënd, Boend

pn arch. Boënd. ā, f. the river Boyne (see O'Rahilly, EIHM 3 ; Bergin, Ir. Hist. Stud. x 422 ; Pokorny, ZCP xxiv 111 ; Études Celt. iv 180 ; compared to Vedic govindu- 'who obtains cows' JIES xiii 478 , but cf. Ptolemy: Towards a Linguistic Atlas of the Earliest Celtic Place-Names of Europe 103 ): in flumine quod Scotice Boend uocitatur , Thes. ii 277.37 . in hostio Boindeo , 269.43 (Ardm.). super Vadum Carnói i mBoind, 264.15 (Ardm.). Inber Colptha ubi Boand in mare exit , 316.39 . oc Áth Brea for Boïnn (: Find), RC xxiii 310 § 29. for Bōïnn (: mbinn), ZCP viii 106.1 . Bōänd i mMide na māl, 7 . anmann Bōinne Bregmaige, 105.z. tarca Bóind bró bága / Cathir Chróḟind, cró búada, Metr. Dinds. i 28.19 . suithe iumais . . . na Boinne knowledge (that came from) the herbage . . . of the Boyne, Laws iii 50.9 Comm. See Hog. Onom.

As n.pr. f.: Boind ingen Delbaeth meic Eladan, LL 1182. Boand, ben Nechtain, Ériu vii 220 § 12. ra Boaind, 221 § 15 . Boind a ssídib, Fraech 102 . gol . . . bantrochta Bóinni, 240 .

-bobuid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. -bobuid or dil.ie/6216

x see as-boind .

? bondid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? bondid or dil.ie/6384

x uinitor .i. finb.¤ , Thes. ii 48.3 (Philarg.). For the root cf. as-boind ? boingid ? See 1 fín compds.

1 bonn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bonn or dil.ie/6385

n o, m. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 67.

(a) sole of the foot; foot: b.¤ quasi fond, a nomine fundamentum, Corm. Y 170. ina bond traiged, TBC-LL¹ 2187. co tarla a di bond bána fair so that his two white soles were turned upward (in death), LU 1497 (MU). da bond, 1500 . a mbuind banai forra iarn[a] trascrad, RC xii 90 § 109. glassad ar bonnaib (of damned in hell), LU 2428 ( RC iv 252 § 20 ). buind cholbtha remra leó, BDD² 936 ` ankles (?),' BDD 95. cona assaib . . . ima bunnu, MacCongl. 89.7 . Muire do chumail a céibh / dá bhonnaibh uile, Dán Dé v 27 . o bh.¤ na troighthe = from the sole of the foot, Isaiah i 6. nír cuir do ait a b.¤ é `did not move him from his foothold', Stair Erc. 189. ná ro fágaibh aid (leg. áit) a mb.¤ dá mbiodhbhadhaibh `who had not fled from their enemies', AFM v 1646.26 . do-ber bond ri Banba ṁbind `who sets foot on B.'s soil', Ériu vii 224.6 . inis Magdena . . . cach oen nofuirmed a bond fuirre ni aprad gae, Dinds. 100. mé do lá bir 'na bonnaib `into His feet', Ériu iv 114.21 . gabhla gan greim da a (leg. da) mbonaibh (= bonnaibh, Ed.) `(his) descendants are without a patch of ground to stand on', Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 30 § 8 . leithed do bhuinn do ghabhail dhuit do chrich n-Uladh, TBC-LL¹ p. 869 n.4 . go dtógbhaid ar a bhonnaibh é set it (viz. an upturned tortoise) on its legs again, TSh. 3907. céim a b.¤ , DDána 49.11 . is mithid damhsa bann (b. v.l.) do bhaile `tis time . . . for me to foot it homewards', Ó Bruad. ii 240.5 . Note also: guidmid buind a chos (mistransl. of adoremus scabellum pedum ejus, Psalms xcviii 5 ), Smaointe B. Chr. 5428 (see p. 307). ní ghríosfuinn aghaidh mbuinn mbáin, IGT Introd. 20 § 81.

Extended applications: hoof of horse: buinn na n-each, Keat. iii 1024. do[n] nesgoit boind . . . geir mairt . . . do chur 'na bond, Celtica ii 38 § 18 . sole (of shoe): bróg . . . / nar bhean tall a bél fa a b.¤ `whose upper was detached from its sole', Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z . bunnaighe lethair = `leather soles', RSClára 114a . i mbonnaib bur nguailled (?) `in the bases of your shoulders', CCath. 5039. do sgar méidhe is bas re b.¤ ` trunk ' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 14.9 . Of trees, hills, etc.: ó bhonnaibh craobh n-uar n-iobhair, DDána 99.18 . i mbonnaibh beann / 's i gclochaibh aolta Éireann, 100.12 . ? fan mb.¤ ccaluidh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 1.6 .

In phrases: co torchratár bond fri bond ┐ méde fri méde, LU 6510 (TBC). ? co farggaib bond fri méide díb, LL 32302 ( TTr. 1490 ). co mbenadh bond fri medi ┐ medi fri aroile acu (of slaughter), Aen. 2230. an b.¤ ar an mb.¤ oile `one foot trips over the other', PBocht 16.29 . ro thuitseatar b.¤ ar bh.¤ , Duan. F. ii xxxix 62 . do bhí a bhiodhbha b.¤ ar bh.¤ , DDána 86.20 . lurech dé dum imdegail / ota m'ind gom bond (: brond), RC ii 113.4 . ó mullach a chinn conice a bonnaigib (form ?) (= corpus totum), Lat. Lives 84 § 78. o cennaib co bondaib `from head to foot', Cog. 152.11 . om chind codam bond, LL 370e48 = com' dá bonna, Arch. Hib. iv 207 § 18. o mullach co bond `his every joint and limb', Grail 2349 . ó bh.¤ go bathais, Parrth. Anma 1431. marcaigecht a ndiaid a b.¤ (of a corpse) `rides feet foremost', Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 12 . ? betit buind ri harissu, LL 9827 (TBC) = biait fuind fri airise, TBC-I¹ 2057.

Compds. With nouns: .x. mbenda bonn-adharc buabaill blaith `of trumpets' (Gloss.), Ériu ii 4.3 . bondbaine whiteness of foot, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . bonnc[h]osa bana (of fallen warriors), CCath. 6100.

With adjj.: don bondbáin (applied to B.V.M.), ZCP viii 563 § 19. do shluag bhoinnghel tolcha in trír ` white-footed ', O'Gr. Cat. 470.20. ar shluagh bhonnghlan chaomh Ó gC., DDána 95.21 . troigh bhoinnleasg as comhdha cean, 68.42 . ursa sluaigh bhoinnleasgaigh Bhreagh, 75.12 . lanbhile buinnlethan broad-trunked , Ériu v 182.18 . a bhuinnsheing aird fhorbhfáilidh, DDána 80.16 . brosgur bunn-luat[h] (bondluath, v.l.) . . . do tabairt gus na doirrsib `a quick-stepping . . . dash', Celt. Rev. iv 12.2 . With adj. derived from noun: le taoibh gach bhile bhuinnchleachtaigh ` crooked-trunked ' (see 2 clechtach), Aithd. D. 4.10 .

borrfadach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. borrfadach or dil.ie/6421
Last Revised: 2019

adj o, ā (borrfad) swelling, proud, elated, high-spirited; fierce, bold, vigorous : buiden már borrfadach, TBC-I² 3642 . is borrfadach caurad, TBC-I² 3676 . co Boïnd mborrfadaig `the swollen B.', Ériu iv 152.24 . blaith-bhile b.¤ Breagh `the proud-blossomed tree' (of a king), MR 96.2 . a beithi blaith bennachtach, / a bhorrfadhaigh bhinn `proud one', BS 66.10 . in macaem beoda b.¤ , TTebe 3157 . ant æs bæt borrfodoc `das dumme rohe Volk', ZCP xiii 260.19 . fer beódha borrfadhach `high-spirited', AFM iii 602.2 . ro gab ferg dicra . . . e, ┐ bruth b.¤ , Cog. 188.14 . buille brioghmhar borrfadhach `a . . . fierce blow', Ériu v 178.1 . sgela borrfadhacha bith-uathbasacha bracha, KMMisc. 316.8 .

Adv. is b.¤ forfópartatar in tulaigsin `boldly they made for that hill', TBC-LL² 4377 . co brigmur b.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1236.8 .

1 bres

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bres or dil.ie/6736
Last Revised: 2019

n ā, f.

(a) fight, blow; effort: mílid . . . / ciabdar bailc a mbressa, Fél.² Prol. 74 (cebtar bailce bressa, v.l.) = O'Dav. 255. flathi fiann / fais a nduine dían a mbress, LL 7465 ( ZCP xi 110 § 31 ). ? mes breas cleas teass treass tuirenn, IT iii 87 § 92. norannad bledmila in mara immi do bressaib na ruadrama with the blows of the . . . oars, RC xiv 402 § 9. baí bresse (feat of Cú Ch.), LU 9290. a Brí co mbreis `cause of combat', Metr. Dinds. iv 228.26 . Note also: cu toracht Griss na gresse / o Boind na banbreisse, LL 21025 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 138.6 ). Of labour in childbirth: tancatar bressa brighi ┐ ella da hindsaighid, ┐ rucustar gein meic ann, Acall. 543. tangadar bréasa brighe ┐ alla idhan d'ionnsaighe na hinghine `great efforts and mighty birth-pangs', RC xiv 28 § 5 , Ériu v 80.28 .

(b) uproar, din: breas .i. gach greadhan no gach glór, O'Cl. mar'tchuala Míchol in ṁbreis, SR 5969. bid b.¤ bréci, cid bras `a lying noise', Metr. Dinds. iv 48.15 .

(c) Metaph. of a hero, chief (or subst. use of 2 bres ?): breas .i. rí. breas tocha .i. as é rí as annsa leam é, O'Cl. Bressal Bregom, / bress īath (fight (i.e. fighter) of lands, Meyer), Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 28 § 19. bress (bress .i. ualglorach, breis . . . .i. bru, v.ll.) Elggae, aue Luirc the champion of Ireland (Meyer), ii 15.10 .? Cf. b.¤ .i. do bruinded, O'Mulc. 188 = breiss .i. dibruindedh, H 3.18, 64c25 . in b.¤ bethrach in brēo bāgach, RC xxxvi 262 § 3 = LL 6451. Braon, b.¤ Laighen lonnghalach `B., the . . . chief of Leinster', AFM ii 656.13 . in bress nar' bu báeth the mighty one (sc. the Dagda), Ériu vii 227 § 63. in b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 344.91 . 'mon mbress, 370.53 .

(d) beauty, worth: cearbúncail a m-bídh breas ann, Hard. i 282.9 . andsin robáided in breiss (of a lady), Metr. Dinds. iii 290.9 . In cheville: ni baoth in breas, Hard. ii 372.3 .

Compds. With subst. and vnn.: in toirneach . . . ┐ in breisbēmnech din, TBC-I¹ 3126. breisbeimnech ┐ fúaim na .u. rann . . . ac tuitim, RC xxiv 382.16 (cf. TBith.² 210 § 92 ). do chualadar breasmaidm ic a loscudh . . . imon tech `crash', RC xxiii 422 § 40. tucc bresmaidm forro `utterly routed them', Ann. Conn. 1253.13 . na slebti cendmora cairrgecha ac brisiud ┐ ac breasmandugud (bresmaidm, v.l.) risna buindeadaib `breaking and crashing', TTebe 292 .

With adjj. and adjj. derived from nouns: I. bresḟota (bresata, MS.), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25 (a) ( IT iii 38 § 26 ). tre chomtroit na ngaeth ngarb . . . mbresmadmannach `of the . . . winds crashing', TTebe 274 .

With vb. bresminigedar gl. frangari, Ml. 108d6 .

2 cúan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cúan or dil.ie/13335
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cuanta

n o, m. c.¤ m. (ón ḟairge, acht canamhain aige), IGT Decl. § 96 . Note n p. cuanta, Celtica i 114 . haven, harbour, bay, gulf (?); expanse or stretch of water, sea, river, waters: allgotha na stiurusmand ic (sic leg., see note) cosnam chúain (`contending for a haven', TTr. 1428 ), LL 32238 . gur gabhamur c.¤ ┐ caladhport a mBeind Ē., Feis Tighe Chonáin 1041 . longa ar cuid . . . don c[h]uan, ML² 1019 . coimét na cūanta don [t]æibh thes do t-[Sh]axanaibh `charge of the harbours', ZCP vi 90.16 . hi ccuan na nCeall mBeg `harbour of Killybegs', Hugh Roe² 120.19 . ō rian Lēime Con na gcuan of the bays (?), ML² 1281 . geisid cuan / ós buindi rúad Rinn dá bharc, Acall. 843 `the haven roars', Murphy Lyrics 49.1 (rather sea or water ?). gurbo lēibenn cobsaid an cuan the sea, ML² 717 . gach abhann chiúin budh cuan mear `a raging sea', Dán Dé xxxi 30 . ó Boind . . . / co cétaib c.¤ , Ériu iv 152.25 . lán cairthi chúain na Suca of the waters (?) of the (River) Suck, IGT Decl. ex. 243 . ? imain fo cumar cuan, Laws v 138.12 .i. in bail in commortaithit cuana, 19 Comm. `driving to the resort of companies' perh. junction of havens or of rivers, etc. Fig. deoch domluis . . . / do ibhis dar gcomhdha i gcuan (to Christ), Aithd. D. 95.19 . arthraigh na hanma . . . i gcuan an chrábhaidh, TSh. 2373 . cunnradh cuain, DDána 48.14 . cuan ghabála, CF² 121 , see gabál . a gcuan einigh . . . Pilip an long `in the harbour of generosity . . . P. is the ship' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 1901 .

Meaning doubtful (vessel ? vat ?) in: súgh cuain, DDána 103.19 . bean don fhuil Uidhir-se ag cuan / . . . gémadh (leg. gomadh ? notes) aithghearr í fa fhíon, 24 . id bhruidhin . . . fíon fuar . . . [ód] chuan, 114.31 . luchd cuain ar chuid a bferuinn (ar do chuid ḟerainn, v.l.) / do ṡreabuill buig úair inill (ubhuill, v.l.), IGT Decl. ex. 517 .

Compds. With nouns. for cúan-bla clíach ┐ crích, Metr. Dinds. ii 22.13 ` resort ' (perh. 1 cúan). os gach cúan-bla `above all places of resort', iii 336.29 . dul . . . ar ceand caer in cuanlocha (of Fraoch), Celtica ii 166 § 40 . uman troigh gcuantais gcneisréidh, Celtica iv 110 § 13 . ba cith-anfad cuan-trachta calaid, MR 236.19 . cuantráigh, Acall. 4690 v.l. With adjj. ó Éirne chuainealaigh with swanhaunted harbours, DDána 70.9 . achadh cuaingheal (sc. Connacht), 92.8 .

dál-buidnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dál-buidnech or dil.ie/14381

adj o-ā. Multitudinous . ó Boind co Comar nd.¤ Thri nUsci núar, Ériu iv 152. 26 .

1 díllig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 díllig or dil.ie/16436

laudatory adj. applied to warriors, etc. congbaid in cath co calma | mac in rig sa rigdamna | in da milid co Boind mbuic | fa dillig re coir comraic, Lec. 353b50 . dothoit Cairpri in milig mer | fa dillig airgni in fended, 365a28 . fa bec mog ma rind rigfhir | nara dillig (diligh, BB 37a53 ) cland Ebir, 564b34 . gadra dédla dīllig (: tīri[g]), ZCP viii 226 § 14 . mil dillidh diongbhala, Rel. Celt. i 125.12 . do rinneas díthchioll dana | da ghnúis dhíllidh dhreachmhálla, 3 C 13, 607.z .

do-adbat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-adbat or dil.ie/17113
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: doadban, taidbdid, doadbit, doaidbet, mi-thadbait, doadbat, duadbat, d-a-adbat, do-m-adbat, du-sn-adbat, donadbat, dun-adbat, dund-adbat, tadbat, tadhbut, dothadbat, taidbet, ndo-n-aidbdem, doaidbet, dun-aidbdet, du-n-aibdet, doaidbed, doaigbead, dan-aidbded, doadhbadis, con-dárbais, tadbae, do-n-aidbsed, condidtaidbsed, taibsed, taidhbed, doadbatís, nothaidbditís, rothadbatis, rotháidbditis, tarbad-su, duarbaid, duárbaid, duarbuid, d-a-árbuid, doárbuid, doárbith, donárbaid, doarfaid, do-m-arfáit, do-n-arfid, do-n-arfad, dom-ḟarfaid, dom-farfáit, tarbaid, tarbaith, -tarfaid, -tárfaid, tarfaid, tárfaid, rofharfaid, doadbastar, doadbadar, duadbadar, tadbadar, tadbadar, doaidbdetar, duaidbdetar, du-n-aidbditis, doaidbitis, condárbastar, do-n-adbastae, taidbsitis, tadhbhaister, tadbustar, táibhster, aidbistea, doárbas, doarfas, doárfas, do-mm-arfas, dat-tarfas, do-dom-arfas, domm-arfás, domarfas, do-n-arfás, donarfas, dofarfas, dom-ḟarfas, dotharfas, tárbas, tarbas, tarfas, tarfás, tarfasa, rotarbas, atarbas, atarpas, tarfása, da-adbas, do-n-adbas, tadbas, tadhbas, tádhbhas, tadhbhás, dotabas, doradbad, ro-tadbadh, donadbacht, rotarfaid, tadban, tadbain, taidbuid, dodbaid, notadbantais, do-airfena, rostadban, doairfen, do-dus-arfen, rothaispen, do-n-adbantar, tadbanar, taidbsiu, rothaispen, dunaidbditis

v (* to-ad-fiad-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 518 ), also occurs in form doadban (common in SR), owing to confusion with do-aisféna (*to-ess-fén-). IGT Verbs § 87 .

A Ipv. 2 pl. taidbdid, Wb. 14d22 . Indic. pres. 2 s. doadbit, Sg. 159a2 . ? doaidbet, SR 750 . mi-thadbait, LL 186b27 ( RC xxvi 16 ). 3 s. doadbat, Ml. 19d21 ; 20a8 ; 53b27 , etc. BDD 167 . duadbat, Ml. 42b27 ; 47a17 ; 51c11 , etc. d-a-adbat, Wb. 24a7 . Ml. 98c10 . do-m-adbat, IT i 80 . cia du-sn-adbat , Ml. 135b5 . amal donadbat , Sg. 6b25 ; 27b15 . dun-adbat (rel.), Ml. 22c1 ; 77b6 . amal dund-adbat , 89d6 . tadbat (for deut.), Wb. 4d10 ; 10b21 ; rel. Ml. 40a15 ; 56b33 ; 74d13 , etc. tadhbut, Anecd. ii 6 . dothadbat, SR 238 (rel.). ní taidbet , Auraic. 1827 . 1 pl. a ndo-n-aidbdem gl. ostendentes, Sg. 211a12 . 3 pl. doaidbet, SR 750 . nochis dun-aidbdet , Ml. 138d12 . indas du-n-aibdet (sic), 42c2 . doaidbed, Auraic. 2680 = doaigbead, 331 . Impf. 3 s. dan-aidbded, ZCP ix 192.20 . 3 pl. doadhbadis, RC xii 106 § 162 . Subj. pres. 2 s. (perf.) con-dárbais, Ml. 101c6 . tadbae, FB 59 . Subj. impf. 3 s. do-n-aidbsed, Ml. 20a9 . condidtaidbsed, ZCP ix 192 . taibsed, Sg. 6b25 . dia taidhbed , Ériu ii 140 . 3 pl. doadbatís, PH 8359 . nothaidbditís, 4696 . conā rothadbatis , 8357 . conā rotháidbditis , 4694 .

Pret. and perf. 2 s. tarbad-su, Ériu ii 126 § 82 . 3 s. duarbaid, Ml. 46d15 ; 62c5 . duárbaid, 129c15 . duarbuid, 46b28 . PCr. 15a3 ( Thes. ii 225 ). d-a-árbuid, Sg. 144b3 . doárbuid, Wb. 19c11 . doárbith, ibid. rel. donárbaid, Ml. 108b8 . doarfaid, SR 326 . do-m-arfáit, TBC-LL¹ 283 . do-n-arfid, do-n-arfad (with 3 s. inf. pron.), Mon. Tall. § 86 . dom-ḟarfaid, TBC-LL¹ 1989 . dom-farfáit, 5201 . tarbaid, SR 3271 . tarbaith, BB 433a40 . -tarfaid, SR 1243 , 7659 . -tárfaid, RC ii 390 § 16 . tarfaid, PH 3558 , 6777 . tárfaid, 1783 . co tairfid, Mon. Tall. § 77 . rofharfaid, PH 3958 . With depon. ending doadbastar, RC xii 80 § 78 .

The following forms (mostly perfective) agree in form and meaning with do-adbat but are without the preverb do-: amal adfaid in Scal do C., IT iii 202.17 . con arfaid fear síde dia mathair, 189.15 . daigh adbatar imaithber because they displayed insolence, SG 27.3 . cest . . . inarfasad dom-sa . . ., Anecd. ii 52.y (inarfussa, v.l.). adrobaid ri Cruachna, Misc. Hag. Hib. 27 § 42 . arfuid bud tessarcon do sochaide it appeared (?), RC xiii 86.6 . (co narfastar doib fo lin fiadan `till it shall have been shown', Laws v 442.21 (co taisbentar, gl.) and co narfastur, ii 48 seem to belong to ad-boind , q.v.). See ad-fét.

Pass. pres. s. doadbadar, Wb. 3b20 ; 7a13 . Sg. 207b9 ; 209b30 . duadbadar, Ml. 40d3 ; 42c17 . tadbadar, Sg. 63a9 . rel. hi tadbadar , Ml. 32b18 ; 40c17 , 22 ; 110d16 . pl. doaidbdetar, Wb. 27a27 . duaidbdetar, Études Celt. xl 59 ( Ml. 30b2 ). Impf. pl. du-n-aidbditis, Ml. 39c35 . doaidbitis, RC x 214 § 2 . Subj. pres. s. condárbastar, Ml. 95b6 . Sg. 211a10 . Impf. s. do-n-adbastae, Ml. 37b23 . pl. connach taidbsitis , Ériu ii 142 . ? Fut. s. ni tadhbhaister , Lism. L. 3504 . dia tadbustar , ZCP ix 450 . go táibhster , ii 292 . ? Condit. s. do aidbistea , TMoméra 162.12 . See tadbais(t)id. Pret. and perf. (a) doárbas, Wb. 3d21 . doarfas, SR 3225 , 3265 , 4089 . Anecd. i 53 . doárfas, SR 4108 . do-mm-arfas, TBC-I¹ 3111 , 3113 . in dat-tarfas ? do-dom-arfas, Anecd. iii 48 . rel. domm-arfás, SR 3317 . TBC-I¹ 73 . domarfas, 1281 . cinnas do-t-arfas, SR 3316 . do-n-arfás (donarfasa, v.l., see below), Imr. Brain i 31 . donarfas, CCath. 901 . Laws i 74 . dofarfas, Snedg. u. Mac R 38 . dom-ḟarfas, TBC-I¹ 3166 . dotharfas, SR 1941 . ni tárbas , Ml. 65d16 . nad tarbas , 64d13 . tarfas, SR 3309 . TBC-I¹ 2021 . Metr. Dinds. iii 226 . dia t., SR 5301 . conid tárfas, FB 59 . tarfás, Metr. Dinds. i 16 . PH 4138 . BColm. 16 . i tarfas, CCath. 1057 . tarfasa (= tarfas-sa?) dam, PH 5198 , 6197 . rotarbas, Lib. Flav. ii 4 vb 52 . atarbas, 2 va 22 . atarpas, i 15 vb 31 . dia tarrus, BB 245a49 (= dia tarfas, SR 5301 , dia tarfás, YBL 296a6 , LB 126b22 ). pl. tarfása, Trip.² 2109 . (b) da-adbas, RC xi 444 . do-n-adbas, Imr. Brain 31.37 . tadbas, PH 347 . CCath. 4794 . tadhbas, Imr. Brain i 65 . tadbas (: barrglas), SR 976 . tádhbhas, ML 10 . tadhbhás (: farbhás), IGT Decl. ex. 944 . do tadhbhás, Leb. Gab.(i) 242 . do tadhbhas, Oss. v 60 . dotabas (sic), Lib. Flav. ii 6 va 47 . a tadbas, 5 vb 45 . See tadbás, tadboise. (c) co tárfad (tarfas, v.l.), Ériu iv 138 . ? doradbad, Lec. 44a25 . ro-tadbadh, D IV 2, 43 rb 33 . donadbacht, LU 6192 ( TBC-I¹ p. 63 n. 2 ) is prob. corrupt (cf. donadhbadh, TBC(C) 1019 ). rotarfaid, D IV 2, 79 vb 10 .

B Forms influenced by fen-. Indic. pres. 3 s. tadban (rel.), SR 97 , 8226 . ní thadbann, 303 . tadbain, 279 , 423 . Metr. Dinds. iii 258 (taidbuid, dodbaid, v.ll.). Impf. 3 pl. notadbantais, IT i 266 . ? Subj. pres. 3 s. do-airfena, Laws iv 100.11 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. rostadban, Dinds. 32 . Todd Nenn. 210 . diar Thadbain, Metr. Dinds. iii 460 . doairfen, Laws iii 30 . do-dus-arfen, Corm. Y 685 = rothaispen, LB ( Thr. Ir. Gl. 23 ). Pass. pres. do-n-adbantar, Acr. 10a2 (Thes. ii 4). doadbanar, Corm. Y 756 . Ériu ii 114 § 42 . tadbanar, Ériu vii 6 § 7 .

Vn. taidbsiu.

(a) shows, displays; demonstrates (with accus. or subst. clause); translates Lat. ostendere, Ml. 19d21 , Sg. 6b25 , 211a12 ; ostentare, Ml. 20a9 ; equated with do-aisféna, Auraic. 335 . taidbdid for ndeseirc friss, Wb. 14d22 . indas fograigte inna duli ┐ dunaibdet etarcnae nDǽ the way in which the elements sound and set forth the knowledge of God, Ml. 42c2 . nosmarb C. cēd dib ┐ dodusarfen oc in fleid (i.e. served them up), Corm. Y 685 = rothaispen, LB ( Thr. Ir. Gl. 23 ). ní n-accathar nech aile occut conid-tárfas (leg. conid tárfais?) isin Craebrúaid Conchobuir deód lái; . . . bad and sin tadbae do chúach fíad mathib Ulad let none see it (the cup) in thy possession till it be shown in the C. at close of day; then shalt thou show it, FB 59 . Esp. of an author, etc., sets forth, declares, discloses: tadbat-som dā recht, Wb. 4d10 . trop tra dunadbat-som isindí-sin it is a figure (of speech) he sets forth (uses), Ml. 22c1 . ni thadbann nech acht mo ri | a n-anmann nach a n-airmi none but my king can declare their names, SR 303 . In pass. is shown, revealed, hence in wider sense, appears: doarfas aisliṅgthi dóib, SR 3265 , 3309 , 3316 . físs do Forand doarfas, 3376 . tarfas dam . . . cach síd, Metr. Dinds. iii 226 . do Chormac tarfás . . . cech decair atá i Temraig, i 16 . With follg. vn. or subord. clause seems, appears: dunaidbditis gl. videantur, Ml. 39c35 . ba blédin donarfás (donarfasa, v.l.) doib buith and, Imr. Brain 31.16 . issed tarfas do chāch diib, breith in chuirp leis (= se corpus rapere aestimabant), Lat. Lives 19 = Trip.² 3018 . tarfás dō clocc eitseachta . . . do cloistin it seemed to him he heard, BNnÉ 172 .

(b) Hence in active appears (of vision, apparition, or other sight). Perh. from use with inf. pron. in reflexive sense: donarfid . . . do Eochaid he showed himself (i.e. appeared) to E., Mon. Tall. § 86 ; condid-taidbsed int éo till the salmon appeared, ZCP ix 192 . heó dan-aidbded and, ib. (for dondaidbded?). Also with prep. FOR (AR) and pron. referring to subj., the obj. being a word like cruth, delb, etc.: cruth domarfáit air cose the form in which he appeared (lit. which he displayed on himself) to me, TBC-LL¹ 283 (= delb domarfás fair, TBC-I¹ 73 ). With ellipse of inf. pron. or prep. (some of the follg. cases are doubtful): grian i nAriet . . . do thadbat im-mis Martíi, SR 238 . uair na tarfaid duib ni d'ulcc since naught of evil has been shown to you (?), SR 1243 (but possibly we might supply a nom. Dia). in ḟís tarfaid Dia dó i cosmailius in tlachtaetc., in which God appeared to him, Alex. 491 , cf. 483 . co tárfaid demun dó i ndeilb duine, RC ii 390 . ó roáin [Ísu] cethracha laa . . . tárfaid gné ngorta fair, PH 4706 (possibly active). ni taidbet int airnin lasin focul the `arnin' does not appear, Auraic. 1827 .

do-cuirethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-cuirethar or dil.ie/17442
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tochraid, dorala, tarla, tachraid, tochur, tachar, docuire, ducuiredar, du-nd-chuirethar, dochuirethar, docorethar, docuiretar, dochuiret, tochre, tocraid, corathar, -tochrathar, -tochra, dochora, rathochra, -dochrat, tochorad, docorad, nothachrad, -tochratis, ducorastar, dochorastár, tochrastar, rothocair, tochuir, tachair, tochratar, tochradar, tochar, tochuirther, dofocuirther, docuirither, tochradar, docuirter, docuired, tochrad, tuichred, ndichret, tuichret, dofóichred, toichred, docuirfed, tochērat, doceradh, tacerad, dofoicherthar, dindrala, torala, tairle, tarlam, doralus, darolus, tarlus, torlus, tairlius, doralais, fris-tarlais, dusrale, toralae, con-darraile, dorala, tarla, tarlathar, daralsat, doralaighset, doralatar, tarlatar, doralad, duralad, ceta-tarlad, do-t-ralaid, tarlaid, dutárlid, doralta, docuiriur, tochuiriur, tochuirim, docuirethar, dochoirethar, docuiredar, tocuiredar, tócurid, tócuired, tocuirid, docuirifar, dorochurestar, dorochuiristar, rothochurestar, ro-s-tochuir, rothochuir, dorochuirsemmar, rom-tochuirseat, dofocuirther, tocuirfiter, tochuiribthe, tocuiredh, tochuired, rodocuirit, tochur, tochuired, tocuread, do-m-cuirethar, dorala, doscuirither, con-tachrad, tocraid, dorala, dorala, tarla

(* to-cuir-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 501 ), in O.Ir. a deponent vb. used in the senses (1) puts and (2) invites . For the development of meaning (2) see Gaidoz, RC xxiii 91 . In O.Ir. (1) occurs chiefly in 3 s. , often in impers. construction; in subj. and pret. the root la- is used side by side with cuir- and the fut. is supplied by *to-(fo)cherr- (cf. 1 cuirid); in (2) all forms are supplied by *to-cuir-. In later Mid.Ir. *to-cuir- comes to be represented by tochraid (tachraid), treated as a simple vb. and often forming an ē-fut. (see TBC-LL¹ 5707 , Cog. 225.18 = LL 309b3 , Acall. 1137 , Aen. 290 ), while dorala or tarla (the former of which survives as late as the 17th cent.) exists independently in the sense met, happened . The form tachraid may be regarded as a lineal descendant of do-cuirethar, dochuir[id], -tochraid rather than as a distinct denom. vb. formed from the vn. tochur, tachar, the syncopated form (common already in Mid. Ir.) being probably due to the need for distinguishing it from tochuirid invites, in which syncope does not as a rule occur. See GOI § 762 . IGT Verbs § 95 .

Forms.

I In sense puts

(a) Forms from *to-cuir-: Indic. pres. 2 s. docuire, Corm. s.v. taurthait . 3 s. ducuiredar, Thes. ii 19.36 . du-nd-chuirethar, Ml. 35d22 . dochuirethar, BDD 71 . docorethar, 106 . 3 pl. docuiretar, Fianaig. 84 . dochuiret, Metr. Dinds. iii 292 . Ipv. 2 s. tochre, LU 10881 . 2 pl. tocraid, 1486 . Subj. pres. 3 s. do corathar , O'Curry 1999 ( H 4.22 29 ). -tochrathar, Críth G. 418 . -tochra, O'D. 739 ( H 3.17 ( H 3.17, 537 ). dochora, LL 146b . co rathochra , Triads 117 . 3 pl. -dochrat, MacCongl. 99.4 . Impf. 3 s. tochorad, Ml. 44a19 . docorad, BDD 54 . nothachrad, TBC-LL¹ 1180 . 3 pl. -tochratis, RC ix 468.6 . Pret. 3 s. ducorastar, Ml. 52 . dochorastár, LU 5366 (TBC). co tochrastar , IT ii1 184 . rothocair, Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . tochuir, tachair. 3 pl. tochratar, LL 293b25 . tochradar, BB 33b22 , etc. Pass. pres. s. fora tochar (= tocharr, an archaic form), Tur. 14 ( Thes. i 485 ). tarsa tochuirther , Ml. 22c1 . cf. 80b7 and dofocuirther, 18c10 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 301 ). docuirither, Laws i 170 Comm. Ériu ii 120 § 58 , etc. forsa tochradar , BB 330b22 . pl. docuirter, Anecd. v 24 n. 25 . Pass. pret. docuired, PH 7767 . Imr. Brain i 88 . co tochrad , MacCongl. 37.4 .

(b) Forms from to-(fo-)cherr-: Fut. 3 s. ? in (ní?) tuichred , BB 298a24 ( IT iii 15 ). 3 pl. co ndichret , Ml. 44a16 . ? ni tuichret , IT iii 15.4 . Condit. 3 s. dofóichred, Sg. 130b2 . toichred, ZCP i 66 § 113 . Later formations from *to-cuir-: docuirfed, Lec. 458c7 ; tochērat, TBC-LL¹ 5707 , etc. Cf. doceradh, BB 298a25 = tacerad, IT iii 15 (H)?). Pass. fut. dofoicherthar, BDD § 81 .

(c) Forms from *to-ro-la-: Subj. pres. 2 s. dindrala (= dia ndrala?), Bvi 74 ( Thes. ii 37 ). 3 s. torala, Ml. 43b15 . tairle, Ériu iv 24 ( LL 106a ). 1 pl. co tarlam , Fél. Prol. 319 v.l. Perf. 1 s. doralus, Fél. Prol. 15 . darolus, ZCP iv 44.12 . tarlus, LU 3863 ( SCC § 38 ). torlus, SR 1872 . ? tairlius, BS 48.24 . 2 s. doralais, Alex. 946 . fris-tarlais, ZCP iii 206 . 3 s. dusrale, Ml. 23c16 . co toralae , Corm. Y 698 . con-darraile, LL 272b21 . Mid. Ir. dorala, tarla; tarlathar, TBC-LL¹ 2069 . 3 pl. daralsat, LL 169a15 . Cf. doralaighset (they) happened to be, Fl. Earls 188 . doralatar, tarlatar, PH, etc. Pass. perf. s. doralad, Wb. 13d8 , Ml. 14b12 . duralad, 67d9 . ceta-tarlad, LL 515 . do-t-ralaid, SR 1307 . ni tarlaid , 3668 . ? dutárlid, LU 10938 (perh. fr. *to-ad-ro-luid). pl. doralta, Ériu ii 106 § 19 .

II In sense invites. Indic. pres. 1 s. docuiriur, Sg. 16b8 . tochuiriur, Thes. ii 357.1 . tochuirim, Corm. Y 77 . 3 s. docuirethar, Sg. 61a7 . dochoirethar, Ml. 29b1 . docuiredar, tocuiredar, ZCP xii 364 . tócurid, FA § 1 . Ipv. 3 s. tócuired, PH 5829 . 2 pl. tocuirid, 5614 . Fut. 1 s. docuirifar, Ml. 3a1 . Perf. 3 s. dorochurestar, Ml. 16c6 . dorochuiristar, 25c13 . ní rothochurestar , 18d16 . ro-s-tochuir, Leb. Gab.(i) 234 . rothochuir, PH 4413 . 1 pl. dorochuirsemmar, Sg. 6b18 . 3 pl. rom-tochuirseat, CCath. 983 . Pass. pres. s. dofocuirther, Ml. 18c10 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 501 ). Fut. pl. tocuirfiter, PH 4346 . Condit. s. ni tochuiribthe , Ml. 128a2 . Pret. co tocuiredh , BB 10a4 , tochuired; rodocuirit (= rotochuiritt), Cog. 74.8 .

Vn. tochur, tochuired.

I As trans. vb. in personal construction

(a) puts, deposits, places , often used as synonym of do-cuirethar or do-beir: is tre ḟír flathemon docuiredar ildelba muir the sea casts up creatures of divers form, ZCP xi 82 = is tré ḟír flatha ildelba il-míli . . . for tráchtaib téchtaib tochratar are deposited (cast up) on shores, LL 293b25 . di[a] ndrala huait if thou put from thee (gl. tolle), Thes. ii 37 . inna hí batar buthi ar thuus, dusrale fodiad he put them last, Ml. 23c16 . is hed doralad hi tossuch, Wb. 13d8 , cf. Ml. 14b12 . in tascair docuirither do tuinn which is deposited by a wave, Laws i 170 Comm. , cf. iv 194 . nech tarsa tochuirther sciath over whom a shield is placed, Ml. 22c1 . ro-tarlait a teinti their fires were placed (i.e. built up), Mer. Uil. 17 . torala Dia ar chēill do degnimu-su may God bring to mind gl. revocetur, Ml. 43b14 . doralus ar m'airi | gréschi occa nguidi, Fél. Prol. 15 . ó doralaim ar m'aire . . . lecca huara (pres. formation based on perf.), AU 877 (poem). tachraid for cēill dāib . . . senscēlai bar muinntire call to mind the traditions of your people, Alex. 191 . Cf. Ériu ii 136 : ar cid aingil nimhe, rosbi crith ┐ uamun intan forathmentar ┐ docuredar ar cēill (leg. forathmenatar ┐ docuretar . . . when they remember and call to mind). dochurusdar Cond an macamh ar comairci Airt placed under A.'s protection, iii 160 . ducorastar Dia deilb mordraige . . . forsinní Dauid, Ml. 52 . tegdais forsa tochar deg-lí anechtair is placed, Tur. 14 . nocon fetur-sa indat ilgné docuirther in folt fair (lit. different ways [in] which the hair is put on him, cf. RC xxiii 91 ), BDD § 105 . forsa tochratis tonna an mara na héicne, RC ix 418 . go rotochuir [an piast] ainbthine dermair forsan muir, BNnÉ 6 . co tocuir tāmnēll fuirri, RC v 199 . doconnairc . . . prinnsa in dorchuttois . . . da tochrad cét cenn fair there were (lit. had been put) a hundred heads, Aisl. Tond. xiv 1 . focherdsat na draoithe gaotha draoidhechta . . . co ttochradh an muirgrian iochtarach for úachtar an mara, Leb. Gab.(i) 256 . cia dám . . . ceta-tarlad for hErend? was first landed, LL 515 . nir tocrad Cessair for rig o sein amach no king was styled Caesar, Lec. 300b49 = ni rotocrad, 304a46 . co ndichret a ndruim fria naimtea will turn their back, Ml. 44a16 , cf. 44b19 . tocraid for ndrommand fri fraigid uli, LU 1486 . dofil in carpat . . . ┐ dorala clār clē frind it has turned its left side to us, TBC-I¹ 1192 (perh. impers.). cléirchin fris tarlais tinne `to whom thou hast shown stiffness', ZCP iii 208 . ni tocrad dam int aitheachmattud glēid frisin coin mōir should not have engaged in fight with, TBC-I¹ 1228 . do-curead cath Ruis F. re Nemed, Lec. 357b2 . rofich cath Naisi fri hEochaid . . . iar cath Chomair fri hEochaid n-eolach trén doralad, 592a26 (cf. do-beir cath). domchurithar Dia isinn abainn, Imr. Brain ii 292 . gidbead dochuirear-sa deit isin dig, nā hob a ōl whatever I put into thy draught, Lec. 155b27 . toichredh a chenn 'sa chuithe he used to plunge his head, ZCP i 66 . rangabusa in n-éicni . . . darolus i lláim na hingine, TBFr. 342 . co ndaralastar (leg. -ralatar) na halma i talmain a chorp the herds trampled his body into the ground, TBC-LL¹ 2056 = gur cuirsit, St. cid ar dotralaid hi cacht? why hast thou been put into durance?, SR 1307 . is i cruinne dorraladh cach dūil . . . is i torachta chruinne doralta na nime, Ériu ii 106 . doscorad (duscorat, v.l.) a triur isin muir plunge into the sea (reflex.), RC ix 460 . is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni the fault you have brought against us, Alex. 946 = Anecd. v 5 . feib leir donralaid do nim | missi ┐ tussu, SR 1787 . conab-torlus a Phardus that I have put you out of Paradise, 1872 . con-dacuired dar cenn was overturned, SG 316 . con-daralsat é 'n-a ágib (i.e. tore him asunder), LL 169a15 .

(b) deposits, produces, brings forth: crann . . . docuiridar tri toraid cacha bliadne, Ériu ii 116 . nói cuill Chrimaill . . . dochuiret tall fon tiprait `drop their fruits', Metr. Dinds. iii 292 (docuredh, tocuread, v.l. perh. pret. pass. have been set, planted round). ba hinund brú rothocair | Fothad ┐ cóelChuirrech the same womb bore, 234 .

(c) throws, casts, sends: tochrae uait cast it from you, TBC-I¹ 1557 (LU) = tochra, YBL. docuire urchar úait, Corm. s.v. taurthait = focheirdi, Corm. Y 1229 . Cf. IT iii 16 § 37 . ni tharlus dom chirt | urcur anfis, LU 3863 ( SCC § 38 ). dochorastair Dochae ga for Fiachaid, TBC-I¹ 2110 . a arat dia tochuirther the distance from which it is shot, Ml. 80b7 . fochres [a c[h]end] isin mBrudin . . . ┐ dorralad eiste, BDD² 1405 . dochorastar echlacha uada, Anecd. iii 65 . dochuiretar sut a comuirli chugat-sa send thee their decision, Fianaig. 84 . docuredh Conall for a lurg, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 36 . docuirethar bedc throws, i.e. makes a start, bound: docuridar bedg de fodes starts off southwards, RC iii 176 . doscuiret[h]ar bedc as fa thuaid, IT ii1 175 . tathchuireathar bedg ar a ceand, BDD² 357 . tacurethar, YBL = docuirethar, Eg. = ta-cuirethar beadg ón tig, 645 . toschuirther beadc a Tracht F. they make a start from, 620 (the constr. here suggests that `beadc' is either nom. or else adverbial accus., the vb. being used impersonally). dochuirethar bedg anís, LL 281b13 ( GJ v 64 ). Cf. foceird b., ZCP viii 104.z .

II As trans. vb. in impers. constr. folld. by prep. phrase or other complement of pred., e.g. do-m-cuirethar lit. it puts me (in a place, condition, etc.), i.e. I happen to be (come). This construction is esp. common with the perf. dorala (tarla) and continues into the Mod. Ir. period.

(a) Of rest: dorala ind aimsir geimrid it happened to be winter, Trip.² 112 . focheirdi erchor uait . . . Docuirethar obonn anmannae ar a chind an animal chances suddenly to be in its way, Corm. Y 1229 (docuirither, LB). dī ōene sechtmaine . . . feib docorathar ind recht | do neoch las mbē nert as it is (laid down) in the law (?), ZCP xiii 29 . dia tarla Cond C. ┐ Eogan T. i comflaithis fo Erind, RC xvi 136 ( Dinds. 132 ). gon domrala crechtach ngarb so that I am wounded, TBC-LL¹ 2338 . cona-tarla faen so that he fell prostrate, Mór M. 267 . nach n-esconn rotmblaisi . . . dorala inna chunn slān became sane, Ériu ii 116 . ó domrala il-ligi leóin, ZCP vi 263 . co na-tarlai ina ṡuidi so that he fell on his haunches, LL 272b21 . dorala in tech ina ráithsechaib briathar, FB § 29 . ro-imthigset i frithsēt Grēg co nustarla tul fri tul i medhon in ṡéta, BB 419a35 . is and dosralai sede tunc, ic Ross na ferta she chanced to be at, Hy. v 65 Comm. ( Thes. ii 343 ). bái mesca mór for Ulto . . . Docuiridar immarbága móra . . . eturro there arise, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 . Cf. further: ni chuincem colcthi . . . acht in talam cona sraith trit nó lomm amal docuirether (leg. docuirethar) covered with grass or bare as it may happen to be, Alex. 874 = Anecd. v 3 .

(b) Folld. by prep. denoting motion: doscuirethar as co trāig in baile, IT ii1 178 ; 'they set out' Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 100 § 20 . conacca . . . dorrala inna huili fiadmila asin fidbaid that all the wild animals had come out of the wood, TBC-I¹ 3108 . domrala don áith I came to the kiln, Fél. p. 12 . dosrala do Dún na mbarc they came to, LL 4b33 . inis diandorala iar n-imram, Anecd. i 53 . toscuirethar dochom tíre they come to land, BDD § 55 . con-domrala dochum slúaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 120 . nirbo chian . . . condarraile (leg. dasraile) dochum indsi till they happened on, LL 283a21 . doluid in gilla . . . conusstarla dochum thopuir till he chanced upon a well, RC xxiv 196 . dotrala f[o] aineolass thou art ignorant, ZCP xiii 3 . [a]n du[c]uiredar bissext for nói kl. when bisext falls on . . ., BCr. 32c10 ( Thes. ii 19 ). fēil docuiredar for Sathurn, Mon. Tall. 135 , cf. intan doscuirither-si for áin, LB 9b10 (pass. ?). rocloenad a thech, con-datarla for a lethbeolu so that it inclined to one side, FB § 25 . ind eclas i tarla grada for Brigit, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 330 ). dogní Neide glām ndicend dō, co toralae teorae bulgae for a gruadaibh, Corm. Y 698 . docorastar cess ┐ huamhon for na slúagho gloom and fear fell upon the hosts, Ériu ii 100 . co tarla a dí bond bána fair (he fell) with upturned soles, MU² 987 (LU). dichetal for ochtraig, co rathochra a mbi ina íchtur for a úachtar all that is below comes to the top, Triads 117 . dorala ana mbui . . . a n-íchtar an loch[a] co raibi forúachtar, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . co tarla ind ní bāi ina hichtar co mbōi for a hōachtor, Anecd. ii 57 . con-tachrad cach ní nobith a n-ichtur na fairrgi 'na fuachtur, Lec. 569a7 = gu tocraid , BB 40b8 (pret. pass. instead of the impers. constr.). con-dasrala for combáig comimrama they began to race each other in rowing, LL 235a20 . doscuridar iarum for a rith cētnai they resume their course, Ériu ii 126 . documlaiset for fairgi ┐ docorastar a lūi fri tir their stern was turned to shore, Corm. Y 1059 . feib donrala fri comrád as we have fallen into conversation, SR 1214 . fri tala ind ríg . . . domrala tria tinninas I have crossed the king's will through my hastiness, 6188 , cf. 6013 . ní rádi ní tri thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it'), Ml. 35d22 . cia dotochra a robaegal though thou fall into great danger, BCC § 348 (poem). docuiredar cach ai i tuaim alaile each of them comes into another's place (of three currents meeting in a whirlpool), Corm. Y 323 = docuirither, LB. dotrala i mbeirn baegail, TBC-I¹ 2648 . dotrala ind, RC vi 183 . doscuiredar i cess they fall into sadness, Ériu ii 112 . darrala tar romuir who came over the great sea, Fél. Dec. 8 (darralad, doralaid, donralad, v.l.). focheird rout n-urchair din liathróit, conastarla dar gincraes a bragat dond archoin so that it went past the watchdog's gullet, TBC-LL¹ 1025 . na cōic mnā nostachair tra | maraen ria n-athair suna came here together with their father, BB 408b16 . atnaid id im choiss indaro fi(u)r . . . Docuirethar iarum ina deguid aitherruch (the withe) comes back after him, i.e. springs off (?), RC x 214 .

Later with indep. pron.: co tarla co Beind E. hí she came to, Ériu iii 152 . co ttarla é go Magh Line, BS 104 . tarlu go teach Laidchinn é, Keat. ii 6282 . co tarla Cormac ┐ isi ar oentaig fo cleith, Lec. 366b25 . lucht in feruinn cusa tárla é (of one cast on shore), Laws i 204 Comm. dorala he (Cain) a mbroind Euba in tan do thomail int uball was conceived, Lec. 385a20 ; ? cf. ba hé tatharla inna broind, IT i 139 (LU) = is he tathlai it bruinn, Eg. dusrala iad a n-ailén aili, RC xxvi 138 . mar dorala a n-imfhoixe chomraic na Fraingce íad as they approached the frontier, Fl. Earls 30 . rothimchill cach a chēle dīb . . . ┐ dorala 'n-a comracaib iad they engaged in combat, Celt. Rev. x 314 . ó tharla gan chroidhe dho é seeing he hath no heart to it, Proverbs xvii 16 . durson damsa . . . na mígníma sin do dēnam dam, gid tre anfhis ┐ aneolus dorala iat they have come to pass, Celt. Rev. vii 116 .

(c) do-m-cuirethar do (ar, fri) lit. it puts me to (on, towards), hence I meet, come upon, come across: docuirethar Banba doib i Sleibh M., Leb. Gab.(i) 250 (possibly pers. constr.). docuiridar simind dóib, RC xxvi 10 (LL). conustarla do díb latrandib he met two robbers, Lat. Lives 90 . tarrla ríg Laighen dóibh, Imr. Brain i 66 . co tarla do sē meic dēg Amalgaid, Lec. 124b26 . tarla dhóib a n-esgcaraid, SG 8 . tárla dh'a chéile iat, ML 16 . tarla da chēli . . . clanna Neill ┐ clanna Chaeman, Lec. 171b41 . ni tharla dia muinntir badēin é, Fl. Earls 28 . go ttárla Carbre ┐ rígh bhfear gC. air a chēile, CF 276 (Eg.). go dtarla é ré moghaibh came upon slaves, Keat. iii 2146 . In reciprocal sense: conustarla do Meidb ┐ do Thindi M. and T. met, Ériu ii 178 . tarla do and ┐ d'Adhamhnan, BB 233b3 . co tarla dō ┐ do Dairi ingen Cathair, 6 . dorala do Césair féin ┐ do lucht innsi Bretain C. and the people . . . encountered each other, CCath. 182 . batar maic Miled bliadain i comrige . . . co tarla doib im na trib druimnib until they quarrelled about, Lec. 30b4 . dorala dam arair fri muintir C. I had a quarrel with, MacCongl. 53 . Cf. further: dorala fri Connacht co mór, ōir do marbsat-som a brāithri he was in feud with C., ZCP i 103 , where the construction may be personal (as in III (b) below).

(d) do-cuirethar form (dul, etc.), lit. it puts on me, hence it is incumbent on me, I must: docorastar fair dul do acallaim na hingine it behoved him (?), TBFr. 13 (but perh. pers. constr. `he took upon himself', Gloss.). docorustair fair techt a Manaind, Corm. Y 1059 . co tarla fair techt i n-ailithre (of Colum C.), Lec. 369b9 .

(e) do-cuirethar etarru they fall out, quarrel: cēin co tochra etraibh fein until you quarrel, BNnÉ 90 . tachair eter na mnaibh, ib. darala eturru ic imbert ḟidchilli ┐ Fergus F. and he quarrelled, LL 103b39 . dorala eturru ┐ Munramar, Ériu i 124 . dorala etorra ┐ clann ócc iarla D., AFM v 1718 . 1874 . dorala itir Luicet ┐ Aed . . . isin chath engaged each other, RC v 197 . go tarrla iter Aichlech ┐ Oedh B. gur fersat comlann fria chēli, Fianaig. 94 . go tarla itir in ríg ┐ in rígain, SG 250 . co tarla eatorro im na tri ndromandaib, BB 42b34 = co tarla doib, Lec. 30b4 . tarrla eturru immon n-es, Acall. 7286 . conad impi sein tarla eturru, LL 242a40 .

III During the Mid. Ir. period, when the infixed pron. began to lose its significance, do-cuirethar and esp. the perf. dorala came to be regarded as an intrans. vb. in personal construction in sense of happens to be (come); it is, however, impossible to decide whether the vb. is pers. or impers. in the sing. except in cases where the accompanying noun has distinct forms for nom. and accus.

(a) Of rest, condition: bid hé dochorad and, BDD § 66 YBL = comad he notocrad and, Eg. = co mbad sé nobeth and, LU; ib. § 54 . ní tharla bó isin recleis ind inbhaid sin, Lat. Lives 72 . ní faca riamh abhann ann, ┐ ó tharla an abhann ann, as greama mur tharrla in droichid tairsi as the river is there, it is well there is a bridge across it, Imr. Brain i 64 . is ann dorála in rí ind uair sin, fó bun darach, SG 413 . an eich dorala foa on which he was mounted, AFM vi 2216 . tug . . . urchor do cloich tarla ina láimh which chanced to be in his hand, iv 788 . dorala ambassadóir righ S. sa gcathraigh in tan sin, Fl. Earls 22 . tarla an uair sin duine uasal . . . i bpríosún ag an bprionnsa, Keat. iii 5027 . tarla an tan soin neach cumhachtach 'n-a bhíodhbhadh ag C., ii 4847 . dorala ben an oirchinnigh ag gabail secha . . ., BS 50 . is ann doralae Onchu mac S. marb sechtmain reimhe O. had happened to die a week before, BColm. 46 . doralatar in dā hapstail [déc] uile i n-oen tegdais, PH 5560 . tarladar ceathrar do chloinn C. 'n-a ngiallaibh ag Niall, Keat. ii 5956 . tarladar triúr mac aige he had three sons, 4844 . do chidhfedh mar tharla an tír he would see the country's plight, O'Gr. Cat. 466 .

(b) With prep., etc., denoting motion: is annsin dorala Becuma amach ar an ḟaithche chanced to come out, Ériu iii 162 . ised dorala anair he came from the east, RC xiii 379 . co tacradh ass a bhiadh cōir do chāch, IT iii 188 . co tocraitis asa tíribh do décsain . . . crotha Hectoir they would have come, TTr.² 1091 . doluid A. for iarraid usci ┐ dorala cosin tobur cétna, RC xxiv 198 . dia tarla sí cusin mbandtrebthaig, IT i 48 . ni thacēra d'iarmēirge, Cog. 225 (LL) = ni ticfa don ērmēirge, 10 . araili ailitir dorala do Toirinis, Todd Nenn. 212 . rosirius Magh Fáil . . . tairlius do Cill Uí S., BS 48 . docurethar in lia forru anair the stone lights on them, TBC-I¹ 1415 (LU). doleig side in gae bulgae . . . co tochrastar annuass for a chathbarr, IT ii1 184 . dorala menma Faelain fuirri, RC xxvii 262 . dorála menma a mátha(i)r uirre, RC xxix 120 . conidh hí comairle forsa tarrla the plan he hit upon, CCath. 1378 (perh. impers.). (With reflex. pron.) dosraladar for merugud they began to wander astray, RC xxiv 196 = SG 328 . is mairg ances a bidbaid | in n-inbaid dochora il-lén when he falls into misfortune, LL 146b38 ( PRIA xix 544 ). lēicid C. in gae fair . . . conid anuas docorastar (tocorastar, LU) in-a mullach, TBC-I¹ 1296 . Cf. 3664 . docoras[tar] casal di nim i n-ucht Pátraic, Trip.² 1228 (impers.?). rotheilg L. in ngai . . . co tarlai il-Laeg, RC iii 178 . tharla tuagh Bhrodair i gceann Bhriain, Ériu i 88 . tus in tochrad i m-aigid to see whether she would meet me, Aen. 626 . dochear Lugaid Riabnderg do chumaid a mna . . . ┐ man a claidem fodein dorala he fell on his own sword (?), Lec. 588a43 . cia tochra int espach eturru though the onlooker should come between them, Laws ii 294 Comm.

(c) Folld. by DO (also AR, FRI) meets, comes upon, falls in with (in some of the follg. exx. the earlier meaning of the vb., not that of an intrans. vb. of motion, is still apparent): dogabh ag luamhairecht an curaigh co tarrla oilen ingnadh dō, Ériu iii 156 . docuir Nae an colum da fis an faighbeadh talamh . . . ┐ tarla dō an talumh ina roibhe, etc., Lib. Flav. i 10a30 . docurastar dam lethbarghen cruithnechta ┐ ordu ēisc = I found, got, RC x 90 (perh. impers.). tarla int ailen-sa ar A., ZCP ii 298 . docuiridar Bricriu dóib forsind ḟaithche, LL 186a42 = RC xxvi 12 . tachraid bocht dó ar in conair, Lism. L. 4305 (docuirethar, v.l.). tús . . . in taichēradh dō aen duine, Aen. 290 . dorala dam forsin sét mo choimdiu Ísu, PH 1892 . doralai dias fer n-arsatai dóib, SG ii 467 . co tarla do in bantrebtach, Hy. v 73 Comm. ( Thes. ii 345 ). co ttarla ben-gheilt dó ann, BS 108 . do bhrígh nach dtárla dhamh mo dhearbráthair T., 2 Cor. ii 13 . dochuir Banba doib, Lec. 28a30 . do-ralatar a námaitt dó, BColm. 94 . tarladur na trí righdha so da chéle, ZCP ii 38 . is mairg ar a tocherat, TBC-LL¹ 5707 . tárla bean air, Proverbs vii 10 . go dtarladar trí mic C. orra, Keat. ii 1300 ; 1273 . amail doraladar forsin topur, RC xxiv 202 . dorála a chos fri cloich, SG 403 . tárla trócaire ┐ fírinne ré chéile, Psalms lxxxv 10 . do mharbhsat gach a dtarla riú do lucht an bhaile, Keat. iii 5242 . doraladar a triur frisin n-uasal, YBL 191a16 . go dtarladar ladrainn ris, TSh. 1450 .

(d) With FRI encounters, opposes (this use is spec. frequent with the late form tachraid): roḟācaib [Fiacha] a clanna dia ēis . . . do thochar ria Padraic . . . ┐ ni tharla neach aile do cloind Ḟiachach fris acht Fothad F. amain, Lec. 143a37 . ni thagraim leat, a L., | ná re Tadg ré dtarlabhair with whom you are engaged in dispute, Content. xi 15 . mairg thochras ri clērchib cell, LL 149b26 = thochrus fri, SG 70 , 78 . gach nech tochrus ré rí[g] réil, Fianaig. 80 . tachraid re chele, Caithr. CC 52 . ba tresi nā gach trēn rotac[h]rad fris, BB 488b24 . baoi do mhéd a mhenman . . . go ttochairfedh friú, AFM v 1766 . ēcoir d'Fathod tachair frim . . . | ní do deoin Luighdech Meic Con | do thaichérad frim Fathod, Acall. 1137 . gomtis ionchatha ┐ co ttochraitis friu, Leb. Gab.(i) 144 . i mbeilgibh bélchumhgaibh i ttoc[h]raittís re aroile, AFM vi 2112 .

(e) With DO falls to the lot of, happens to, befalls (rarely in this sense with infd. dat. pron. instead of do): nachustarla anfaitchess may negligence never come upon them, BColm. 50 . dorala cōir gāithi doib fochedoir, Lec. 569a25 . co tarla anfud mór doib, Hy. v 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 328 ). co tarla doib imsreang curad (i.e. they engaged in struggle), Lec. 352a44 . Fiacha Fear dā liach . . . .i. liach do cach echt dorala do, 337b42 . cia imned dorala duib?, ACL iii 225 . dorala gnim n-ingnad do he happened to do a strange thing, Ériu v 114 . o tharla dhuit an gním olc, SG 29 . gia nothachrad écht dó, TBC-LL¹ 1180 . cia and do ná tochradar | bét no bine nó baeghul?, ZCP iv 468 . do Chonall dorala imdegail in chóicid it fell to C. to guard, TBC-I¹ 592 LU. rolaesead dā mac Miled crandchar iar sin forsan aes dāna .i. file ┐ cruitire . . . do Erimon dorala in file, BB 42b13 . certar crandchor léo dūs cia do thoc[h]radh dul . . . Dochuir (dofuit, v.l.) son don tres comalta, RC x 78 . rolaset chrandchor . . . conid don dull dorala tec[h]t sis, Hy. v 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 328 ). is ann dorala dosom a denam, Hy. i Pref . ( Thes. ii 298 ). is grad epscuip dorala do epscop Mél do thabairt for Brigit, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 330 ). condarala di turgnom catha Findchorad she happened to be preparing for, Ériu ii 184 . as ag an mbile sin dorala do Dhomhnall do ueith, BS 16 . dia tochrad dó Hectoir do thuitim leis, TTr.² 973 . as maith tarrla dúind an chailleach do marbudh it is well for us that we have killed, Imr. Brain i 65 . dorala do B. beith ag saigdeoracht, Todd Nenn. 38 . is amlaid dorala do C. beith ┐ ingen alaind aici in tan sin C. happened to have a beautiful daughter, Lec. 168b16 . condusrala do Meidb dola co Boind , Ériu ii 178 . dorala intan sin do M. condacaid aislingi, ACL iii 10 . tarla dona beachuibh co ndeachadur . . ., Ériu ii 82 . tarla do beirt saighdiuir go ndechator astech i n-aroile egluis, Fl. Earls 60 .

(f) Hence in general sense of comes to pass, happens, takes place (chiefly in perf. dorala, tarla). With noun as subj. often in sense of there was , or in impers. constr. with inf. phrase or subord. sent.: forcaemnacair (.i. tarla), ACL iii 10 . in tan dorala in scēl-sa and when this event took place, PH 46 . cethracha rig dorala frisrohicad borama | o aimsir Thuathail . . . there were forty kings, Lec. 40b28 (perh. rather to be referred to II (a) = dorala cethrachait r.). ní tharla il-leitrib na lāidib . . . aen-triar ban neither in books nor songs is found a trio, 395a13 (II (a)?). go ttárla sneachta mór fán am sin ann, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . tárla méad meanman na bhfoireann ar gcriothnughadh na long the courage of the crew was aroused, ML 46 . tarla iomchaineadh . . . eitir M. ┐ mhnáoi oile a dispute arose, BS 142 . tarla imressan eturru, Acall. 2717 . an ferand fa tharla imresuin adrum-sa ┐ C., BCC 179 . darala debaigh mor etarru, YBL 164b10 . tohruid (sic) frithnois fuigill etorro an altercation arises, Cog. 142 = tohraid (sic) frithnos, 144 . gidh bedh tochrus do bar comhrag-si whatever be the issue of your combat, Aen. 2968 (= quo res cumque cadent, Aeneid xii 203 ). maith tharla it is well, Keat. ii 4725 . dorala . . . Gortigernd mac G. do gabail airdrigi Breatan, Todd Nenn. 74 . amal dorala na dūile do chumscugud oc cēsad Crist, PH 1078 . dorala conid si sein aimser . . . (= contigit quod), Lat. Lives 5 . dorala co ndechsat immach (= casu accidit ut . . .), 76 . conid tairle co n-ebarthar mac ríg frim mac may it come to pass that, Ériu iv 24 . gé tharla gur fhōbair . . ., Fl. Earls 68 . dorala iar n-ég Gorthemuir . . . doronsat Saxain meabail for B., Todd Nenn. 102 .

IV Invites, summons (this sense may have arisen out of the meaning puts in cases where the vb. was folld. by co): gl. adsciscere, Ml. 25c13 , Sg. 6b18 , 16b8 , 61a7 ; arcessere, Sg. 184a2 ; citare, Ml. 3a1 ; exciere, 16c6 , 18d6 ; invitare, 29b1 , O'Mulc. 527 ; postulare, Corm. Y 77 . tocuiriur etrum indiu inna huli nert-so fri cech nert I summon today all those powers (put . . . between me and?), Hy. vi 48 ( Thes. ii 357 ). docuirethar cétna persan sin persana aili chucae takes other persons to it, Sg. 191a2 . docuiredar gōi, inairben fīr; tocuiredar ēcert, inarben cert, ZCP xii 364 . tócurid [in comdiu] dochum nimi chuci lucht na deirce, FA 1 (LU). tocuirid na sualchi, dichurid na dualchi, PH 5614 , cf. 4992 - 5 . intí is cendais . . . tócuired in fergach co mín (= revocet), 5829 . muna tocuirit fein chuca iat, Laws v 458 Comm. rotochuir an tír chucca, Hugh Roe 36 . rostochuir ┐ rostiomairg fine Gaoidil, Leb. Gab.(i) 234 . rotocuirisdair G. cuice dā druid dēg, Todd Nenn. 90 . romtochuirseat ina ndocum, CCath. 983 . tochuirter iatt gusin gcaislēn, Fl. Earls 70 . co tocuiredh Eoin . . . ó Ispís ad Bathmos, BB 10a4 . rotochuiredh do a brathair, LL 402b52 . rotocuiret dia indsaighidh a slōigh, 404b39 . rodocuirit (ro tochuiritt, v.l.) Dailcais uli cucu, Cog. 74 .

do-farcai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-farcai or dil.ie/17621
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: do-fairci, taircsin

v Also do-fairci (* to-for-ad-cí-, Wortk. 120 ). IGT Verbs § 9 .

(a) looks down on, guards, fences around (cf. forc[th]ae fenced, YBL 433.22 ). domfarcai fidbaidae fál a hedge of trees encompasses me, Thes. ii 290.6 ( Sg. 203 ). la ríg dodonfarci who protects us, KMMisc. 212.14 . is brígach al-lóchet | ba ríg dodonfarci `who encompasses us', Fél. Jan. 26 ( O'Dav. 893 ). fāilte fri tascor nimais dofaircet nae cuil cāinmesa for Segais which the nine hazels guard (?), Anecd. v 25.6 (do-fairget ?). ? Téite notharcaitis tuir `whom chieftains used to guard', Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . ? is i in mael mancend isi dofaircend in leminnach, IT iii 65 § 134 (do-fairget ?). derbfine sceo doen dodonfarcadar co hiarṁbethaib, Rawl. 125b10 . dofairci fillead catha, Leb. Cert. 10.5 .

(b) towers over, surpasses, excels: du-farcai sech cach ndíne, ZCP lxi 1-3 ( Thes. ii 295 § 2 SP v ). rí targcai cech ruirig reil, SR 161 . ri os dūilib thargca (leg. thargcai) gréin, 5 . ruiri . . . targ[c]ai dind domuin drechmair, 866 . Mosi . . . targai in slograth na s[ó]erdail, 4498 . ri tarcai cech fein, 7163 . targcai cech slóg séis Solman, 7002 . in dá apstal déac dofarcat cech nárim that surpass every reckoning, Fél. July 15 . nís-tarcai deilm catha the noise of battle does not surpass it, June 29 . tarca Bóind bró bága | Cathir Chrófind cró buada the Fort of C. excels Boand, Metr. Dinds. i 28.18 . a delb . . . tairced Hérind ōclaēchda towered over Ireland, Festschr. Stokes 4.10 . doforcat nó dosaircet .i. doroiscet no derrscaighit (gloss on Fél. July 15 ), O'Dav. 660 . dofarcat .i. foruaisligheat, 652 . tarca .i. derrsgugud, 1579 (gloss on Fél. June 29 ). arcc Dé thargcai os cach traigh, SR 6679 . dlighedh tarcas no tacmainges tar cach ndligedh a law that surpasses every law, Laws i 32.21 (or = encompasses, includes ? Cf. cia lin taircit no tacmainget tar cacha fine?, v 436.15 Comm. ).

? Vn. taircsin .i. tacmaing nó foruaislighetu, O'Dav. 1507 (see under 1 taircsiu).

éicnedach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éicnedach or dil.ie/19725

Forms: -eda

adj o-ā (éicne; cf. the pl. -eda) abounding in salmon, salmon-bearing: do Boind aibind eigneadaig, Anecd. i 17.10 . ó Iasca an ḟuind éignedaig, Hy Fiach. 256.16 .

1 foss, fos

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 foss, fos or dil.ie/24107

Forms: fos, fos, abhus, fos, bos, anosa, anois, anoise, fossaib

n o, m.

(a) rest (oppd. to motion) ; remaining quiet or stationary ; a state of rest or quietude: eter foss no utmailli whether at rest or in motion Hy i 3 ( Thes. ii 300 ). mithig fos iar tairerad, ACL iii 311 § 4 AFM 926 . is tre ḟir flathemon foss slāne sīd ..., ZCP xi 81 § 13 . Cf. fos mbéil, Ériu xiii 35.23 . Remaining (in a place), continuing (to do something) ; perseverance, steadiness: Here probably : caraim se fos ... oc mo lebrān `I love to rest' (persevere ?) Thes. ii 293.16 . f.¤ ós cind na manach to stay and superintend the monks BNnÉ 4 § 9 . Halting, stopping ; a halt: ni ḟil f.¤ dún co Herind, LL 4a12 . [onni] na denandsom fos acht a n-étaigib ilib [leg. lígdaib ?], Corm. s.v. legam , Thr. Ir. Gl. 26 . ni dernsad fos nā fuirech go rangadur co c., ZCP vi 64.7 . ní dhearnadar fos ná comhnuidhe go rochtain Teamhrach dóibh, Keat. ii 5627 . ni dhernamur f.¤ nó comhnuidhe no go rangamar ..., BNnÉ 50.23 . rogab f.¤ os Boind came to a stop (of Cormac's burial, cf. Keat. ii p. 346 ) LU 4175 . rogab f.¤ issind lind (of a stone thrown), Metr. Dinds. iv 38 . ro ghabh f.¤ hi senchuan Súilighi (= came to anchor) AFM v 1860 . do rochair F. ... la firu Roiss ro gab f.¤ inn uir a adhbha, YBL 13a27 ( Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 48 ). ní ro fhaelsat fos forsna heilifaintib could not stop [stay on ?] the elephants Marco P. 115 . ní ḟuair grádh ná eagla t'ḟos neither love nor fear could restrain you Content. viii 9 . In moral sense : fit f.¤ figell ` perseverance ' Mon. Tall. § 47 . cipé dán ara coratar neuch laímh, ised as dech dó f.¤ occa to persevere in it Mon. Tall. § 76 (= fos do dheunamh aice Rule of Tallaght § 67 ). fos oc etli, Mon. Tall. § 19 ( Rule of Tallaght § 68 ). foss oc etlai, ZCP iii 449.10 . Ériu i 193 . f.¤ fiss feidle ZCP xi 86 § 42 . fos (a virtue in woman) ZCP viii 112.24 ; 113.19 . go ffos ┐ go ffollamhnacht flatha ` firmness ' Hugh Roe 54.16 (f. 15a) . gurb fos (.i. comhnuidhe) ball don chleirceacht ar nachccuala locht da fhaghail riamh, Rule of Tallaght § 67 (= Mon. Tall. § 76 ).

(b) used in gs. as attrib. after noun and as pred. : dond oís foiss i nhIerusalem `the folk that abide in J.' Wb. 19a4 . raithe fo foiss fogamar, Ériu vii 197 (= ib. 2 : `a good stay-at-home season is autumn'). saccart fois Cluana mic N. resident priest AFM ii 844.12 . int aes fuis no bitís ina aigid BB 493a4 = IT ii2 98 , cf. Alex. 544 . raith fuis (.i. raith bis a fosaighecht i forus), Bürgschaft 41 . Cf. boim ... do lucht fuis. Mas duine tinn é do gheibheadh se da boim (diet for monks), Rule of Tallaght c. 28 ; `persons in sound health', possibly residents or sedentary folk . In fig. and moral sense immovable, steady: Ailend ... álaind fál fuis, LL 49b26 ( Hail Brigit § 7 where Meyer would read : álaind fius). fer feidhil foiss i fulung fochaidhi ... amail Iob, Lism. L. 4499 . With cop. : ni fois acht utmall, Corm. Y 988 . nidom fois o thig aghaidh I rest not when night comes BS 30.5 . fear ... nacharbh fhois who did not seek his ease A. Ó Dálaigh lv 6 . ? ní lúan tratha foiss | acht lúan brath braiss (of Moling's `Lúan') LL 307a9 ( SG 386.21 ). ni cuimnech-sum | co ngabad feidm fois that it should undertake the duty of waiting (?) Ériu iii 15 § 7 . See also under (c) below.

(c) in adverbial expressions : i foss (i fus, i bhus, abhus) in a state of rest ; stationary, remaining in a (certain) place, hence here, on this side, often nearly = at home: ní bíad mac D. i fos co fagbad drui would not rest till he found LU 3550 ( SCC 29 ). meni digset ammach ┐ nad anat i fos if they neither set out nor stay where they are TBC-LL¹ 429 . bí i fuss oc irnigthi, Ériu i 199.4 . maith do chleireach beith abus (no i ffoss), BNnÉ 311 = ZCP iii 33.8 . ní rabi Cú Roí hi fus ar a cind (= they did not find C. at home) LU 9040 ( FB 79 ). luid S. do Ard Machae ┐ ni raibi Patraic hi foss, Trip. 240.22 (2849) . in airett battar hi ffoss in dú sin `stationed at that place' AFM vi 2276.10 . Here, on the spot, in this place (often oppd. to another adv. of place) : rochrúfemne ... i fus ind pennit we will settle here and now the penance Mon. Tall. § 7 . mór de maith fuarais i fus ar do longais here (among us) TBC-LL¹ 492 . Cf. an trath is ferinnsgne na seacht bhfocail sin abhus, IGT, Decl. § 108 . is eside cétrí rogab ... i fós ... fri Umbra atuaid here ... north of the Humber LU 288 (v.l. fos, bos, LBretnach § 43 ). hi fus ... sechtair, Alex. 967 . in lucht a fus ... in lucht a tuaith, Laws i 76.23 . Patraic ás hErinn hi foss, Brigit ... oas hErind a ndess, ZCP xi 110 § 31 ( LL 52a46 ). don taeb abus do mhuir Grecc ... don táob thair, Maund. 26 . Often here, in this world (oppd. to `tall') : dosbera Dia dún síd ... i ḟoss isin tṡoegul ┐ flaith nime ... iar mbás LB 180b9 ( PH 2544 ). dogéba tú betha garit abus ┐ bás suthain tall, LB 243b59 ( PH 7411 ). thall ... i fuss, LB 197b52 ( PH 6900 ). [amail be]thi abhus beithi thall ... iar mblaisecht bhāis, Marco P. 12 . isin ecclais abhus the church on earth BNnÉ 23 § 1 . abhus ┐ thall `in this world and the next' RSClára 150b . With art., in dat. or gen., ind ḟ.¤ sa, ind ḟois se (later anos, anosa, anois, anoise) now . See indossa.

(d) pl. in distrib. sense ? biait brain for branfossaib (: chossaib), LU 6612 (zu Rabenaufenthalt Wind. TBC-LL¹ p. 402 ) = branḟesaib, TBC-I¹ 2077 , buind fri brannusa, TBC-LL¹ 2801 (cf. 2757 ). cēm co fosaib i crūithib a ech, TBC-I¹ 2571 (leg. fosaid ?).

Compds. ¤muinter : gach fos-mhuinntear ... pheacaidh bhíos i n-árus na hanma `abiding folk (?)' TSh. 8736 . ¤mullach a summit: i fosmhullach Sléibi Fuait, Acall. 2313 ; 3438 ; see fossad. See also fosairchinnech, foscemel, foslongphort.

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