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ad-ágathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-ágathar or dil.ie/255

 

Forms: -ágathar, ágaid(ir), ad-n-agur, atágur, -agur, ad-agadar, ad-ágethar, adnaigethar, -ágathar, -agether, -agedar, ad-n-aigther, atagamar, -agammar, -agetar, -áigder, águr, áigde, aig-siu, -águmar, -hágam, agatar, ad-againse, ataighin, ar-don-aigtis, atnaicter, -ágara, -áigther, -agither, -aigither, -agathar, ad-āgind, cia dágind, -āghedh, áigthe, aghus, aghais, -ndaigset, -ndáigsind, -agsind, no-aghsainn, munadágsad, adaichfer, adaichfedar, adāigfedur, -aichfetar, -áigfimis, ad-agastar, adaigestar, atrágestar, adraigsemar, adraichsetar, adraigsetar, -aigsetar, ataigh, -áigh, ataigsem, atraigset, aghsatt, áigthiu, áigsiu

v prototonic -ágathar. See GOI §§ 543, 553 . Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 454 . Later as simple vb. ágaid(ir). Indic. pres. 1 s. ad-n-agur sa, Ml. 74d4 . atágur, LU 6154 (TBC). -ágor, Thes. ii 290.5 . -agur, LU 3305 . 3 s. ad-agadar (rel.), Ml. 53c14 . ad-ágethar, BDD² 691 . adnaigethar (atanaaigthar v.l.), IT i 68.9 -ágathar, Wb. 1a3 . -agether, Ml. 129a2 . -agedar, TBC-LL¹ 2032 . Pass. ad-n-aigther, Ml. 27c1 . 1 pl. atagamar, LU 3792 ( SCC 36 ). -agammar, LL 308b40 . 3 pl. -agetar, Ml. 39b14 . Pass. -áigder, Thes. ii 294.15 (or 2 s. act.?). Ipv. 1 s. águr, Ériu i 68 § 6 (see Bergin, Ériu xii 219 ). 2 s. áigde, ib. aig-siu, 70.3 . 1 pl. -águmar, LL 308b17 . -hágam, 308b38 . 3 pl. agatar, Ml. 51d11 . Indic. impf. 1 s. ad-againse, Ml. 63d11 . ataighin, Imr. Brain ii 292.8 (see Celtica v 139 ). 3 pl. ar-don-aigtis, Ériu iii 138.83 . Subj. pres. 2 s. atnaicter, Gael. 50, 139 (= ad-n-áichther, Blathm. 892) . -ágara, LU 3891 ( SCC 40 ). -áigther, 3306 ( 11 ). -agither, 5265 ( TBC-I¹ 789 ). -aigither, IT iii 241.212 . 3 s. -agathar, Ml. 66a2 . Subj. impf. 1 s. ad-āgind, ACL iii 295 § 17 . cia dágind, Imr. Brain i 288.7 . 3 s. -āghedh, ZCP xii 296.28 . Pass. ardott áigthe , LU 5656 (TBC). (cf. áigthi ) With s-subj. ?Pres. 2 s. aghus ([ag]ais, aghais, v.l.), ZCP iii 448.7 . 3 pl. -ndaigset, RC xii 422 § 4 . Impf. 1 s. -ndáigsind, LL 229b21 ( TTr. 915 ). -agsind, Imr. Brain ii 288.8 . no-aghsainn, BS 74.8 (§ 40) . 3 s. munadágsad, ZCP vii 312.2 . Fut. 1 s. adaichfer, Ml. 68c17 . 3 s. (rel.). adaichfedar, Ml. 46c20 . adāigfedur, ZCP iii 449.6 . 3 pl. -aichfetar, Ml. 80b13 . Condit. 1 pl. -áigfimis, BDD² 506 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. ad-agastar, LU 817 . adaigestar, Dinds. 43 (RC xv 434). atrágestar, LL 13587 . 1 pl. adraigsemar, LL 13899 . 3 pl. adraichsetar, Ml. 80d4 . adraigsetar, 124b6 . -aigsetar, 35c4 . Without depon. ending 3 s. ataigh, RC xxvii 300.4 . -áigh, .2. 1 pl. ataigsem, Moling 68 . 3 pl. atraigset, LL 16033 . ro aghsatt , BNnÉ 36.21 .

Vn. áigthiu. Later áigsiu. See áigthech, áigthi .

Fears, dreads, stands in awe of: intí adagadar in Coimdid `he who fears the Lord', Ml. 53c14 . nísnagathar bonum opus ` bonum opus fears them not', Wb. 6a7 . atotágathar dia mbrath / Ailill Aie lía slúagad he fears thee, LU 4707 . ticfa intí tagammar (adaghar v.l. St.) de, TBC-LL¹ 506 . nimmain Andind cia dágind / mád hé Béoin nísnagsind A. will not save me though I fear him, Imr. Brain ii 288.7 . manataigter ind gille `if the servant be not in awe of thee', Mon. Tall. 142.3 . ar cach n-olc itágursa bágursa mac nOengusa, LL 308b24 . aigthi in Coimdid ┐ not aigthife cách, Three Hom. 76.11 . ni agat (.i. ni agatar) monud . . . no gorud frichis ruaid (.i. i llo bratha), LL 364 marg. sup. ataigsetar . . . aní adchonncatar, Immrama 31.179 . bidh ann grisadh co rot-āigther, ACL iii 295 § 26 . aigit (agit v.l.) .i. immeclaigit, Lib. Hymn. i 110 gl. l . aghaim .i. eaglaighim, O'Cl.

Folld. by vn. phrase: adraichsetar digail du thabairt forru, Ml. 80d4 . agur águr iar céin chéin / bith i péin phéin, LU 420 (ACC). atraigsetar (ba heaccal leo, v.l.) C. d'imbirt báis . . . forro, TBC-LL¹ 4276 . atagur . . . urchra forsin caille, Anecd. i 11.27 . ataighin eona uile dom arccuin, Imr. Brain ii 292 § 13 `I used to fear that all the birds would slay me', Celtica v 140 . Folld. by finite clause: air adraigsetar nondabértais iterum in captiuitatem , Ml. 124b6 . atagur min (leg. nin?) tucait (as baoghal lem nach tiubhraid, v.l.) I fear they will not give it, BNnÉ 303 § 12 .

See ad-ais, agar.

airec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airec or dil.ie/1890

 

o, gender uncertain, see GOI p. 448 . Vn. of ar-icc. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 552 .

(a) act of finding, obtaining; acquiring: ordd airic fil fuiri gl. x . . . quae nouissime a Latinis assumpta post omnes ponitur, Sg. 4b9 . Cf. ord arric crutha na ndul, Laws i 26.6 Comm. ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu `for its being found in the second declension', Sg. 106b20 . re n-a.¤ éta ┐ω gl. sicut etiam apud antiquissimos Graecorum erant ante inuentionem η et ω, 5a11 . is cuit airicc camai ni gaib airechas gl. inuenio igitur legem resistentem uolenti mihi facere bonum , Wb. 3d8 . is suaichnid sund tra as rect maid asmbeir do airiuc túas gl. legi Dei, 10 . a.¤ .i. faghail, ut est a.¤ cinn Johannis ( Fél. Feb. 27 ), O'Dav. 75 . is andso fri ha.¤ `it is difficult to acquire' (of learning a game), Ériu v 30 z . cuithchi airricc `a pitfall', vii 152.16 .

(b) act of inventing, devising; invention, contrivance, plan: aireacc .i. inntleacht, O'Cl. ēces .i. . . . ēcmacht a ches d[o] airiuc i cetheora rannaib fis filidechta, Corm. Y 538 . cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ aimser ┐ persa ┐ fáth airicc the cause of composition, Fél. 2 . fath airic, Laws i 26.9 . caide loc ┐ aimser ┐ persu ┐ fath airic in ogaim? BB 308b44 . fāth airicc a dēnma .i. do díchor in luin crāeis, MacCongl. 3.10 . ros-bendach Dia na dúile ┐ ro faillsig fáth a n-airicc the reason for their creation, Fél. 2.33 . issed cethardha ara taisilbthar int psailm alis personis: airecc intliuchta ┐ gnathugad cetail . . . inventiveness of mind, Hib. Min. 5.160 . frith airecc ingnadh ┐ elada firglicc le muintir C., CCath. 2139 . dognítis airci druadh ┐ brechta nua, 3956 . dus cred aireacc do ghendais da saoradh ar dhilinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 10.7 . in fuigbi airicc dī tresa roised in tarb do comaentugud fria . . . is í airig forfuair in cerd .i. bó cranda do dhénum dhí . . ., ZCP iv 238.27 . conidh edh airecc fuairset cuibhrighi do chur fair (of conspirators), BNnÉ 296 § 30 . is e airic arancatar Greic each cranda do denum plan, Aen. 416 . bá sé airecc ar rainicc lais celcc do indell, AFM vi 1976.y . ba hi so . . . oirecc pene nua fogebthea forru a new means of inflicting pain, LB 156b55 . ? aireg .i. sgíath, ut est Táin: mo a.¤ dam a Láigh or C., Ériu xiii 64 § 34 . aireac .i. sgiath, Stowe Gl. 23 . arach .i. sciath, 200 . ? deil i na.¤ laime, O'Curry 591 ( H 3.18, 291 ). See Lochlann ii 211 . In cheville: amru aireg, Anecd. i 57 § 61 . In phrase A.¤ menman device, plan, project: basedh aireag menman arriocht la hUa nD. `this was the plan adopted by O'D.', Hugh Roe² 168.6 (fo. 43a) . conad hi a.¤ menman forfhuair `project', Marco P. 191 . ba mor . . . aireg meanman na mban so resourcefulness, Leb. Gab.(i) 158 n.8 . contuiled cach n-aidchi oca comaidecht do airic menman conda thainic a sult ┐ a feth `he used to sleep every night by her side comforting her', Ériu xii 156.3 (TE2). In title of a tale: a.¤ Menman Uraird Maic Coisse, Anecd. ii 42 ; `Verstandes-Erfindung', Heldensage 21 .

(c) providing, supplying (food, entertainment, etc.): trian a toraid cacha bliadna doratsat fria haireac (of a feast), BB 255a41 . dochōid for m'einech . . . a.¤ (tairec v.l.) co A. ┐ M. co mbúaib, ZCP iv 44.29 ( TBFr. 363 ). oc airiuc don t-ṡlúag os a cind, IT i 67.3 (LMU). coma hairec(h) aibhnisa d'ocaibh . . . eisteacht . . . , pleasure , BB 257b15 . Esp. in phrase a.¤ tuile waiting on, pleasing, satisfying , see tol I (d).

(d) act of determining, guiding: luamhaire . . . do a.¤ no do fhollamnacht na hecalsa, Lism. L. 2741 . doréir in tsenaidh ┐ airicc in popoil `by the will of the senate and the finding of the people', CCath. 76 .

ambúan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ambúan or dil.ie/3109

 

adj (2 búan) explained as bad, unlawful: būan ō ambūan .i. maith ō ulc. Corm. Y 104 . As subst. ambuan .i. ben inndligthach, buan ó[n]ní is bonum .i. maith, O'Dav. 307 . is for sund do feisidear breatha buaín ┐ ambuaín la feine, Laws iv 62.15 . buain .i. maith .i. dagban. ambuain .i. olc .i. drochban, 64.z Comm.

1 andach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 andach or dil.ie/3470

 

n o, n. badness, iniquity; `worthlessness', GOI p. 544 . The meaning ardor, furor , Ascoli xxxix may be based on O'Dav. 71 cited below. Cf. LEIA annach .i. an-dag non dagh [.i.] non bonum , Corm. Y 91 . annag .i. non bonum , O'Mulc. 47 . a.¤ .i. ferg, ut est: na mórsleibe annaig (= na mórṡlébe andaig, Fél. Prol. 237 ). Nó annach .i. olc, ut est arsceith scél a annaigh / demain dama[i]r indel (= la sceith scél a annaigh (annaich, andaich v.l.), Fél. Feb. 16 .i. a ulcu, Fél.² xlv gl. 16 (3) ), O'Dav. 71 . a.¤ .i. fearg a.¤ .i. olc. andagh .i. olc no peacadh, O'Cl. reil foram brethir on ána.¤ immerordaisset, Ml. 90d16 . artroidfeasiu inna drochdaini a dǽ diananduch airis fechtnach an a.¤ mani erthroitar hua dia gl. ligabis, si quidem est felix malitia, 134d3 . ind andaig comerchloithi .i. . . . mor á n-a.¤ durigensat fris gl. coactæ malitiæ , 80b4 . indandig, 31a15 . coig anmand cinath . . . conlat ar andug, O'Mulc. 456 . sóifid annach i corraib bachall .i. i n-aes graid, RC xxvi 40 § 216 ( LL 188b 58 ). ni raib miscais . . . nā ēilned nā annach, ZCP vi 259 § 6 . no-s-marbann ar an annach, PH 4203 . co Pelium cend annaig ┐ diumsa in domain, LL 224a4 ( TTr. 493 ). būi M. . . . fo mūr annaigh oirgce slūaig, ZCP x 46.17 . na hí bíte fri handgaibh, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v (1919) 93 § 24 . As n. pr. a Andaigh, Annaig, ZCP vii 301 §§ 6 , 11 . g s. Annaig mic Duibinsi, 300.y .

? As adj.: main a.¤ cach uisce worthless produce of every water(?) (in a list of things which within limits are public property, e.g. wild garlic, dry sticks in a wood, etc.), Laws v 482.24 .

bág

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bág or dil.ie/5152
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -aib

n ā, f. Perh. not orig. distinct from báid, q.v. for reff. to IGT Decl.; ascription of certain exx. doubtful.

(a) boast, threat, promise, undertaking, declaration: bagh .i. geall—ut est do bert . . . bagha . . . for sluaigeadh, Thr. Ir. Gl. 58 s.v. barr. baghi (sic). .i. gnim [ut est] baghas ar mbagha finda, O'Dav. 324. bagh .i. briathar, O'Cl. bag ┐ maidhem a threat (to inflict an injury) and a boasting (of injury inflicted), O'Curry 2422 ( Eg. 88, 33b ). bagh .i. ria ndenam chinaidh .i. an bagh re séd sundradach a specific threat (?), ibid. Cf. 2571 . Cf. maidhem iar ndenam cina, 2424 (33c). faisneis fir iar mbagha esamna .i. iar mbagha dó do dén olc frit ┐ adeir go lasamail, do den olc. Ocus is de ata, `ni bera fiacha fear bagha lasaman,' 2595 (50e). rom-ṡóerae, á Íssu,/ ar écnairc do báge, Fél. Ep. 490 (: pláge). ar na ructha do bag it cend that your boasting might not be turned against you, LU 8990. ar ngníma ropsat mára/ar mbága rapsat beca, Ériu i 72 § 4 ( LL 29430 ). ro bruiset baig ┐ brethir i cend demuin, LL 364 marg. sup. na briss brethir [na briss] baíg, TBC-LL¹ 3509. eipstil co mbágaib ┐ tómthaib ┐ ironaib innti, Alex. 782. Cf. PH 1131. borrfad is báig, SG 65.13 . cidat mora bar mbága frimsa . . . ni chumaic nech uaib ni dam, LB 115a32 . nó maided for hUltaib. . . . Nī collad bāg hi suidiu (i.e. the undertaking was fulfilled), ZCP viii 319.8 (Laud Gen.). ní ba bréc in bágh it will be no idle boast, SG 88.2 . do regra na bagi sin to answer that challenge, Cog. 74.23 . cend mic Conaing ina láimh, / do bháigh for ionchaibh mic Taidhg, AFM i 504.z (`to exhibit it before the face of'). anat for mbriatra bági boastful words, LU 8425 ( FB 29 , rhet.). ? sgiath an bhádha mar do bhual, Aithd. D. 63.23 (`the shield of His love'). ? ba b.¤ ám dait-siu ga (= cía) dobertha do greimm catha gan díchill lind i[n]diu (Medb to Fergus), TBC-LL¹ 5942 = ba coir duit-si, TBC St. 4812. ba bāg dōibsom an toitim oc tesorcain a n-eiti, TBC-I¹ 3435. Cf. ba slúagad baga (buadha, v.l.) dó in sluagad a hosting in fulfilment of an undertaking, TBC-LL¹ 463.

As vn. E. oc báig mo marbtha frim threatening to kill me, RC xiii 377.10 . inn ingen asatái oc báig boasting , TBC-LL¹ 3497. do chualaigh . . . na fineadha ag báidh dá bhuandhíochur threatening to expel him, ML 80.22 . bátar occ báigh ┐ acc baccar dul do indradh Tíre Conaill, AFM v 1812.4 .

(b) fight, contest, striving; act of contending, etc.: comrama et baga Poil `P.'s conflicts and battles' gl. bonum certamen certaui, cursum consummaui, Wb. 30d12 . bid adas far mbáich, 5d35 (`proportionate to your struggle', GOI § 249.5 ). a sgel nglan / di bagaib Dhe `contests', Blathm. 93. rugais mac friom baigh to contend on my behalf (?), 156 (`of whom I vaunt'). robūi oc bāid fri Conchobar, Ériu ii 26 § 7. fri báig is búnad prímda `for battle he is a pre-eminent stock', Thes. ii 295.14 . ciṅg báge, Fél. July 24 . bagh .i. cath, O'Cl. ni comtig beó da mbágaib, TBC-LL¹ 4390. nonbur 'sa mb.¤ ri Bregmag, Metr. Dinds. iv 340.6 . oen tarb . . . rempu / . . . / oca mbáig ar búaraib defending (?), 70.27 . fri (= frim, TBC-I¹ 1212 ) baga berai fri náimtiu ascada cen claideb fa allud, LU 5686 (rhet.). a cléth bága fría naimtiu, TTr.² 1621. fer bagha ┐ buancosanta Lethi Cuind, RC xviii 285.6 (Tig.). ar bid tresi ar mbagi anāit baga Foraind, BB 240a18 . buadugad cacha bágha, MR 258.23 . déd ban ┐ bel corcra / dán trén bágh an banntrochta, Prolegomena 45 § 25 . báigh 'na n-aighidh to fight them, Aithd. D. 33.16 . gabhaidh báigh gach aoinfhear undertakes battle (?), 38.23 . i nDruim Ríg . . ./ luid b.¤ for macc nDomnaill the fight went against, Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 13. is maith chosnaidh a Briain do báidh, Cog. 78.5 . Cf. Caithr. Thoirdh. 111.3 . Aithd. D. 39.6 . báidh d'eas nó d'aol do d'fhaoilinn / red chnes chaoilshlim competes (in whiteness) with (the foam of) the waterfall, L. Cl. A. B. 216.35 . iarna luathletradh . . . do bagaid (leg. -aib) bidbad, ZCP xxx 69.1368 ( LL 408az ).

lá bága day of battle; a day's fighting: sind ló baga sa, TBC-LL¹ 444. as usa limsa aisg d'fulang na gan cungnam le mo cairdib is in lo bágha sa aniu, MR 284.23 . naoimh . . . an bheatha / . . . / go dteagaid linn i lá bágha, DDána 25A. 31 . do thabairt a lai bágha lea bunadh ceineoil, MR 284.17 . thugais linn do lá bágha you fought on our side for a day, DDána 30.16 . Cf. fri huair ṁbáge the threatened hour (?), the day of conflict (?), SR 5115.

With various verbs: slúag romaith ind rígsa / lasa tá mo bágsa `along with whom is my fight', Fél. Ep. 162. lámh oirbheartach ré mbí ar mbágh, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 4. bágim báig for Laignechaib, LL 6343. na fer báig a Fergus ar buaib sceó mnáib Ulad, LU 6623 (rhet.). na fer baig . . . dit díth claidib, 5429 (rhet.). ni math d'ferus baíg / darochar a Chú (Fer Diad speaks), TBC-LL¹ 3962. a Ḟlaind . . . / nocho lind beri do báig, LL 7531. in oen-ḟecht dobertis a mbaig, CRR 57. cet cia théis fri báig, Fél. 4.14 . fuair a dochar dol re mbaigh (leg. baigh), Anecd. ii 39 Poem 23 § 3 . doconnarc-sa F. ag slaidhe slúagh ar ar bris báigh, Fianaig. 80.22 . do-ní in fer ´s a síd so | báig im a rígaib rompa `boasts (or `contends´) about its kings´ Celtica xix 40 § 2 .

(c) warlike qualities (?), boldness: at mathi . . . Fir Breg . . . im blad im báig im cridechairi, LU 4267. bar mbaid ┐ [b]ar mbeodacht fen, TTebe 2710 . eter . . . gráin ┐ báig ┐ chostud, TBC-LL¹ 5172.

? nach b.¤ forsa torchair / mo menmae múad medrach `battle,' Fél. Ep. 361 (promise ?). nir ba h-aitherrach báigi na bisig, MR 314.23 . do bhrígh a báigh / le mnáibh síl gCuinn contending (in generosity) (?), L. Cl. A. B. 236. 143 . deochain bunaid baga, Gorm. Jan. 23 (`warlike'). Petrus co mbaig mbunaid, Acr. 27 (`blessing').

Freq. in chevilles: brígach b.¤ , LU 4135. oen-ri bethad bag cach noib, Rawl. 84b37 . bāig go mbloidh, ZCP viii 114 § 15. ní baid briathrach, BB 273b30 (= bágh, LL). Cf. MR 264.6 . báigh briathar, Aithd. D. 8.22 .

In n.pr. Cú Bage, LL 322f1 .

Compds. With noun: M. bagfer, Gorm. March 31. teichis . . a nertaib bághfear as hard as he could go, RC ix 470.x (ICM). With adj.: co lathe brātha bāgmōir, ZCP iii 18.20 .

2 búan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 búan or dil.ie/7264

 

adj expld. as good, etc. Prob. an inference from passage(s) containing 1 búan: Buanand . . . am buan .i. is bón .i. dendi is bonum . . . .i. maith o ulc, Corm. 6 = Corm. Y 104. See Búanann. buan .i. maith . . . buan caire as na berar om biudh, O'Dav. 220 = buanchaire as ná berar úidhbhreth, na oimbreth everlasting (?) cauldron, Ériu xiii 26.10 . do feisidear breatha buaín ┐ ambuaín, Laws iv 62.15 , glossed tairister bretha buain . . . na mban dligthech . . . buain .i. maith .i. dagban, 64.18 , 19 Comm. buain .i. ben dlighthech, etc., O'Dav. 307. fria ben .i. fri boin, fria maith, Laws ii 350.1 Comm. buan .i. bonus . . . geinid buan o ambuan, O'Curry 86 (H. 3.18, 64). buan .i. indlicced . . . ar is buan berla nadi n.a., O'Curry 153 (H. 3.18, 87a32). nī fola tódine (.i. āiremh) a būan (.i. a maithusa) (B. na f.), ZCP v 487 § 12. ? bera boin mbuain indlaeg ar eamain sair sedrada `a good in-calf cow', Laws v 60.21 Comm. ? in ben b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 68. 139 . ? gabdait idain in mnái ṁbuáin, Ériu vii 223 § 36. See 2 bun.

Búanann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Búanann or dil.ie/7272

 

pn (1 búan + 1 finn ?)

(a) expld. as nurse of warriors; name of a goddess, `the Minerva of the pagan Irish,' O'Don. Suppl.; `The Lasting One, ` Gods and Heroes of the Celts, Sjoestedt and Dillon 26 . Būanand mumi na fīan .i. bé nAnand ar chosmaile diblīnaib. Amail robo māthair dēa indī Anu, sic Būanand quasi mater erat na fīan. Ailiter: Būanond .i. daghmāthair, in būan is bon .i. dondī as bonum, ut dicitur: `genithir būan ō ambuan' .i. maith ō ulc. A n-and fil isinnī is Būanand, is ed fil isinnī is Anand .i. mater deorum. Būanand .i. daghmāthair ac foircetal gaiscid do fīanuib, Corm. Y 104. Corm. 5. `buanann' buime go bláith ciuin, Metr. Gl. 34.24 . ac Scáthaig buadaig buanand, LL 10886 (Táin 3445). a mBrian dan buanann buime, glossed: B. muime na bhfiann, etc. (note f.), Hard. ii 290.14 .

(b) As name of fountain: Buanann glossed perpetuus, V. SS. Hib. i 54 n. 7 .

Note also: at búanaind bodelbae (rhet.), LU 8366 ( FB 24 ).

2 bun

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bun or dil.ie/7449

 

n b.¤ .i. maith, O'Curry 971 (H. 3.18, 416). ? Lat. bonum , Plummer MS. notes. See 1 bon and 2 búan.

cách

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cách or dil.ie/7529
Last Revised: 2019

 

pron. the one, each, everyone, all, etc. gen. cáich, later also cáig ( chách, Párl. na mB. 985 , 1038 v.l.). IGT Decl. § 64 . Takes sg. vb., in later lang. either sg. or pl. (see PH 1053 , 1426 , DDána, Aithd. D.). As antecedent of rel. clause often with prec. art. in. Note also: cith anidan ind c.¤ `though all (who bring it) be impure', Mon. Tall. 160.2 . don c[h]ach sin to each of those(?), Laws iv 196.22 Comm. Unstressed form cach (separate entry). See GOI 310 - 11 ; O'Brien, Ir. Hist. Stud. i 351 .

(a) In general sense (the) one, each one, everyone, all, all others, the rest : do Duaid sech c.¤ , Ml. 36c11 . diglae for cach, 37c21 . hua ch.¤ , 56b45 . dibochtai chaich, 61a9 . dulogaid do ch.¤ `ye forgive everyone', 65a10 . it huaisliu c.¤ gl. transcendis, 108d2 . dénum maith fri c.¤ gl. operemur bonum ad omnes, Wb. 20c17 . precept do c.¤ gl. Grecis et Barbaris, sapientibus et insipientibus debitor sum, 1b8 . a n-imdibe adchi c.¤ , 2a2 . doberat maldact in for c.¤ , 2a23 . is dílmain la c.¤ ar n-orcun-ni, 4b23 . is sain dán cáich, 5d5 . nertad ch.¤ `let him encourage everyone', 5d11 . a n-as maith la c.¤ dénad gl. unusquisque, 6b18 . taiccéra c.¤ dará chen fessin gl. unusquisque nostrum, 6b28 . ícce caích tri iriss gl. dies salutis, 15d24 . ni fiad ch.¤ gl. seorsum his . . . , 18d8 . i taig ríg amal . . . i taig cáich, gl. in ceteris omnibus, 23b9 . condid diib ro gab c.¤ deissemrecht gl. omnibus credentibus, 24c14 . nad soiriu cach `is not nobler than anyone (else)', Sg. 161b10 . cáich auuair `every man's in turn', Thes. ii 235.15 . is cāich a hūair a n-āros so, ZCP viii 312.3 . sluind dó ri cāch brēthir, beir dó ri cāch brēthir, xi 80.22 . ma fri cinta caich fadesin gabur athgabail `of the person himself', Laws ii 100.8 . amra! amra! ol c.¤ they all said, TBFr. 290 . lí súla cáich, LU 8319 ( FB 23 ). ropo thír cāich ala n-úair it belonged to others, Hail Brigit 2 . i ndíaid cāich after everyone else, BColm. 94.28 . nach síoth broide cheanglaid c.¤ , DDána 3.9 . mór do ch.¤ do chuaidh, PBocht 5.41 `much of the world', notes. c.¤ `thy foes', Aithd. D. 20.23 . nachar scríobh neach oile do c.¤ `none of the others', Keat. iii 441 . gibē ele do ch.¤ `of the rest', RSClára 134b . ní fiú éin-ní c.¤ = nihil prosunt caetera, TSh. 9402 . fear mar chach an ordinary man, Luc. Fid. 5060 , Dánta Gr. 34.24 . fonn . . . a cc.¤ eile dhá mholadh to be fond of being praised by others, Desid. 765 . arnach dechsad fo cāch inro triallsat `that it might not get about', Grail 3356 . luid L. dano cumma cháich with the rest, Fing. R. 339 . a ccumma chaigh, Hugh Roe² 10.9 .

(b) In sequence cách . . . alaile the one . . . the other, one another, each other : c.¤ fri alaile gl. inuicem, Wb. 1c1 ; 5d15 , 21d12 , 22b9 . is ball c.¤ dialailiu gl. alter altirius, 5d4 . con rochra c.¤ alaile gl. in alterutrum, 6d1 . forcanad c.¤ alaile gl. loquentes uobismet ipsís in salmis, 22c8 . ó ch.¤ dialailiu, Críth G. 9 . cotnerig cach díb diaraili rose up against each other (of three warriors), LU 8993 ( FB 74 ). With céile: natiubrad c.¤ a chéle gl. inuicem, Wb. 9d20 . celebrais c.¤ dia-cheile díb, RC iii 180.5 .

(c) With follg. prep. DI, ó in partitive sense: ní tucai c.¤ dib belrae alaili gl. nulla gens, Ml. 42c7 . cach díb i ndiad alaili gl. ut semen eius continua successione regnaret, 42b5 . c.¤ díob, Mon. Tall. 132.14 . c.¤ úaib contra alium gl. inuicem, Wb. 25a34 . tuitfidh c.¤ uaibh you will all fall, DDána 10.2 . See cach I (d).

(d) With follg. emphasizing word: cach uile, LB 132b11 . re cach etir `with the rest', Cog. 168.13 . do fen . . . ┐ do chach archena, TTebe 1500 .

(e) With follg. rel. clause he (who) (see O'Brien, loc. cit., Bergin, OIPG 208 ) everyone (who), all (who) (the sg. and distributive senses cannot in all cases be distinguished with certainty): aineclann cháich as a aí of the owner (of a mill), Críth G. 240 . bennacht for cach ó tuctha on him who has given it, Vita Br. 27 . bennacht . . . for cach donancamar, Anecd. i 11.19 ( SCano 350 ). ba calma cach isa cend `valorous was he', Ériu v 244.205 . c.¤ thanic and (in cách, v.l.) he who is there, TBC-LL¹ 5290 . In sense of everyone, all : ó ch.¤ nád fil and gl. quicunque sunt fratres, Wb. 24b30 . sech c.¤ fodglein olchene `beyond all others who learn it', Ml. 37b12 . c.¤ rodgab `every one who has sung it', Thes. ii 349.8 (Hy. ii). do-bebae do-beba . . . cāch boī cāch bias, ZCP xi 85 § 37 . mairg c.¤ roda-ortsom, Fél. Prol. 57 .

(f) With preceding article in singular sense: ni thucci in c.¤ rod chluinethar he that hears it, Wb. 12c46 (see OIPG 208 ). in cāch dosfuc do bethu, Thes. ii 316.4 (Hy. ii). menmain (accus.) iond caich dia n-aisnedtar, Mon. Tall. 127.19 . in cach ferus na fuili he who inflicts, BCrólige 58 n.1 . cosin c.¤ no charim. Fél. Ep. 50 . fo bíth . . . in cháich o tudchad, LU 3431 ( SCC 20 ). mo-ngenar do'n chach do-s-gní, PH 8423 . gach cara . . . / loiteas an c.¤ nos carond `who injures his lover', O'Hara 1270 . croidheadha an cháich léghfeas, Desid. 120 . In sense of everyone, all : in c.¤ dobeir . . . frisin c.¤ diatabir `every one' (he who ?), Sg. 188a31 . in c.¤ gl. omnis . . . qui . . . , Ml. 43a1 . ní lat in c.¤ forsa mmitter, Wb. 6b22 everyone ? (perh. he who , Bergin, OIPG 208 ). tri hiris in cháich cretes, 2b11 . for in cach is rig `against every king', Laws iv 52.12 . dígde ind caich rocradis `to beseech pardon of everyone thou hast offended', Mon. Tall. 141.25 . Pl. sense seems intended in: is foirbthe in c.¤ diaro scribad et ni ecen acairigud ref. to omnibus sanctis, Wb. 23a10 . don chach frisambí immalde de aos sruith `in regard to such elderly people as live with him', Mon. Tall. 152.23 . ag díubhrugud in cháich boí annsa tor, Cóir Anm. 146 . So also: robtar foiltigh remibh an c.¤ baoi fora ccind, Hugh Roe² 50.9 .

(g) In phr. ar ch.¤ , a ch.¤ , sa ch.¤ in general, on the whole : truagh sa ch.¤ an comhorrtha `what a sad portent', O'Hara 1588 . ? aonrāith a gc.¤ do choigleas, Butler Poems 930 `of all dwellings the one I have chosen', Gloss. Usually with comparatives indicating successive increases in the quality denoted by the adj. (Engl. bigger and bigger, the bigger): trummu á peccad ar ch.¤ nachmod formberat `their sin is heavier and heavier as they increase', Ml. 71c1 . combat foirbthiu ar ch.¤ for ṅgnímae `more and more perfect', Wb. 13d29 . ní ba messu ar ch.¤ a ngné, Metr. Dinds. ii 22.56 . is ferr a chāch it is better than ever, Bruchst. i 62 § 141 . iss messa a cach ar cach ló, IT i 121.23 ( TE 7 Eg.). ní ba mó ach.¤ óṡeo immach ever greater, Metr. Dinds. iii 46.83 . ni bot scithæ acach at all, RC xii 82 § 80 . fuaire a ch.¤ a-taoi fám chionn ever colder. Dánta Gr. 86.8 . With omission in writing of unstressed a: iss assu 'ch.¤ lind, MacCongl. 103.18 . budh truime ch.¤ ar gcodladh, Dán Dé xvii 6 . núidhe ch.¤ , PBocht 1.38 . With sa: ní mo ní lugu sa chach hí it is neither bigger nor smaller, BB 262b19 . fa ferr sa c.¤ do bi sí an uair sin féin it grew better and better from that very time, ITS xvi 56.18 . teirce sa c.¤ mo charuid, KMMisc. 358.9 . móide sa c.¤ do chuntas, A. Ó Dálaigh xl 7 . nī lugha-sa-chāch nō `not less than', Fl. Earls 70.8 . ní lughaide-sa-chāch roimeglaighset `nevertheless', 30.31 .

? teccait āigid, fācboit ail, / saigit go glain nGāidil ngil / nocha chumai cāch is cách / dia ferta-sa an fāth, a fir, ZCP xii 292.10 .

1 caín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caín or dil.ie/7787
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: caindeifriges, cainternais

adj i fine, good, fair, beautiful , etc. Of persons etc.: Bláán cáin Cinn Garad, Fél. Aug. 10 . C. ba cáin áge, July 6 . a phopa ch.¤ Conaire, BDD² 1175 . caínsi ch.¤ corcarda lais, 675 . caín tarb (caintarb, v.l.) (of Cet), Sc.M² 15 . coīn mīlid Ailill fri āgu, Corp. Gen. 8.13 . is cur c.¤ ¤ cathbúadach, LU 8956 ( FB 71 ). it caíni for slúaig, 5531 (TBC). am c.¤ (.i. ni ḟuil luib is chaime andú), LL 1555 . cid cáin lib in laechrad, IT i 77.9 (LMU). cáin cech culēn fó ṡaidh, Cáin Ad. 8 . aged chāin (: sōir), ACL iii 307 § 15 . ingen Chuinn an c[h]rotha caoin, ML² 810 . sé c.¤ ceilligi carthanach, Stair Erc. 1025 . Of an action: is cáin didiu a n-essimthecht `fair then is their going forth', Thes. i 495.19 (Ardm.). ? c.¤ forondar a chorp hi crú, LU 8339 ( FB 24 ) (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 604 ). Of clothes: fúan c.¤ corcra, LU 8601 ( FB 45 ). ad-mestar cáircha assa comthlachtaib cóinib, ZCP xi 85 § 39f. lend bus caoin dath, ML² 513 . Of objects soft, smooth : ail chaoin cumdachta, Ériu xiii 30.29 . im iomdhaidh thaoibh chais chaoin, 28.22 . ag cennghail um charraic cháin, Acall. 858 . mess fás. fidh cáin. olcc bláth `smooth' (i.e. devoid of fruit ?), SG 80.8 . is c.¤ cech ard, LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). ba c.¤ ind fhidchell, TBFr. 90 . Of speech etc. soft, gentle : guthán c.¤ , Ériu xviii 12 § 6 . caoin fuigheall fri heigsi, Ériu xiii 14.3 . labhra chaoin, DDána 13.4 . d'aitheasg chaoin, 17.15 . cómhrádh caoin gach naoimh, Párl. na mB. 889 . ceól caoin na bhfilídhe, 1633 . ar chruit chaoin, DDána 119.29 . comhairle ch.¤ , ML 6.22 . Of weather fine, clement : sína caíni . . . gaim c.¤ cuisnech (oppd. to sína saiba), ZCP xi 82 § 25 . In chevilles: caoin rath, Blathm. 4 . caoin sgel, 153 . In nn.loc.. crutti Caínbili o Ess Rúaid da n-airfitiud, LL 8816 ( TBC-LL¹ 1449 ). Cf. Cluain caín, Druim caín, Caíndruim etc., Hog. Onom. Adv. co c.¤ cennsa, Stair Erc. 2235 .

Compar. Ailenn . . . / caīnu dūn dindgnai, Corp. Gen. 8.17 . cainiu cach fiach, SR 2485 . cainiu fedaib, Auraic. 5550 . ba cæine side cach fichthill, ZCP iv 35.17 v.l. As superl.: cáiniu di ḟlaithib in domuin, TBC-LL¹ 5171 .

Superl. ǽ drobéssach caínem di thonemaib Heirenn, Trip.² 1695 . Crist ba caoinem clú, Blathm. 247 .

As subst. Of a person: caoin ó a bhfaghair fóirithin (of a bishop), Arch. Hib. i 97 xviii . caíni U. (three harpers), TBFr. 108 . See 2 caín.

Compds. Forms compds. with nouns, adjj. and in adverbial sense with verbs. In composition with verbs treated as unstressed prefix, see GOI § 384 . In later lang. such compds. treated as simple vbs. e.g. caindeifriges, Auraic. 985 ; cainternais (sic leg.), ML 162.22 . Also used to form artificial compds. in etymol. glosses. Some of the compds. included here could belong to cain.

With nouns: ar a chaonairilledh, Leb. Gab.(i) 226.2 . bindḟogur a gotha ┐ a caínurlabra, LL 7740 ( TBC-LL¹ 210 ). trisin cainaisṅdíis (ref. to bene gratias agis). Wb. 12d20 . ar cháinbésaib im chóemchostud na fledi, MU² 211 . a gcrabhadh ┐ a ccáoinbhesaibh, Ériu v 74.13 . cāemdūdracht, cāinbēsa, ZCP viii 215.2 . do cech eclais bís i cāinbéscnu, Cáin Ad. 36 . aitherrach cáinbescna daib fri Dia, Anecd. i 41.20 . ica tá caoin bleith (of metal), O'Dav. 200 . ropo chuiscle chaenbríg, LL 27008 . fo cháinbuide (: óenṡuidi) na ndrong, SR 6055 . atcota becdata cāinbude humility wins gratitude, Anecd. iii 11.7 . ech gach eamhain ina caoincennas coir, Ériu xiii 27.8 ( Laws v 62.21 Comm. ). biaidh bo fó chaoinchethair ar anair n-iorchoraigh, xiii 25.22 `there will be a cow four fair times (i.e. there will be four cows) for a full melodious anair' (verse dealing with the rewards due to various metres), Meyer, Misc. Hib. 22 . ¤-chomrac etc. see separate entries. do-rala caínchomrád etir Coin C. ┐ Emir, MU² 136 . tré . . . caencrabud B., Lism. L. 3330 . atcota cīall cáin-chruth, Anecd. iii 10.18 . Mock n.pr.: Caonchruth mac Caoindhelbha, ii 64.5 . fothughad a caen-daime budein, Laws v 52.17 Comm. ¤-dúthracht etc., see separate entries. céd corn caoinegair, Mart. Don. xxxvi 14 . co cathair na caenḟled, Gorm. Dec. 18 . a chaínfochell asar corp `fair wage', Wb. 15c24 . tabraid . . . cāinforgall, Thes. ii 306.2 (Hy. i). ní raba . . . bá moo eneach na caonfuarascaibh ionás renown, TFrag. 178.1 . ¤-ḟúairrech etc. see separate entries. sin chaóinfresdail ┐ fritheoladh, RC xxix 146 § 72 . nach claistear a gcaoinḟriotal gentle speech, Hackett² xviii 39 . tria caonGhaoidheilg, Hugh Roe² 244.7 (fo. 61a) . Maccæma Túath nDea dom ét iar mo caenghuide, RC xii 60 § 18 . huanaib cainimbedaib ilaigthib gl. multiplicatis benedictionibus, Ml. 105a7 . cāinlāech Luigdech, AID i 53 § 3 , Celtica xi 125 . ar chrábhadh na caoin-léaghan do rádh `to say a prayer(?)', Celt. Rev. x 134.12 . caín-leas, MR 160.5 . fó ṡídh ┐ fo chaoin loisi, AFM ii 1164.6 . triallais . . . caenmag, LL 15762 . naoi ccuill chaoinmhesa, Ériu xiii 26.20 . anruth .i. sruth cain molta uadh, Laws iv 358.21 Comm. concertfa caenrecht for iathu B., YBL 181a11 . act rocloor for cáinscéilsi a good account of you, Wb. 23b2 , cf. b41 . fer ro scríb . . . / cáinscéla Críst chrochthai, Fél. May 6 . rind caein-sholais Chaingcrech, MR 114.2 . gan dire do chreith caoinṡrothaib, Ériu xiii 17.13 . á caintaidlech gl. satisfactionem, Ml. 32b22 . cáinteist diib `good testimony', Wb. 23a23 . ic tabairt chaintestusa, LB 107a24 . caintír toirthech (? cain), SR 963 . déce do caerca caeintlachta, Leb. Gab.(i) 30.15 . teinniu achuinscliu caíntocud, LU 7385 . trí hingena berta seirc do cháinthocud, Triads 110 . iarsin chaíntoil gl. secundum bonum placitum, Wb. 20d19 . do lucht na cain toile, ITS xxix 144.2 . 'na sgéith chreidimh ┐ chaointoile, Parrth. Anma 5064 . cáintoimtiu diib `a fair opinion of you', Wb. 23a22 . adchonncadar . . . isan chaentracht clerech, RC xxvi 160 § 47 . iarna cáintuistin, SR 7999 .

With adjj.

(a) Dvandva compds.: tecait cāinḟinn / corra, ḟāilinn `fair white birds', K. and H. 18 § 27 . cāinmaith slān / Sīrne, Ält. ir. Dicht. i 29.27 .

(b) Adjj. derived from nouns: go cobhsaidh caoin-bhéasach, TSh. 1854 . do reir diancecht cainbrethaig fair-judging, Laws iii 362.4 Comm. ambreith Chaei Chaenbrethaig, Thr. Ir. Gl. 9.2 . Connla Caoinbhriathrach, Keat. iii 518 . Mock n.pr. Feli ingen Caoinchlothaigh, Anecd. ii 64.9 . is caínchomairlechu beith i ssíd, LL 31741 (TTr.). uo cōinchomráitech . . . na fēne re chéle, Fianaig. 64.4 . a sgiath . . . chaoindealbhach, ML 112.19 . in dearc . . . caen-dénmach beneficent, PH 5923 . cros caoindénmhach uas a cind, AFM iii 312.10 . caindénmide gl. benefica est, Ml. 25d4 (caindenminde, MS). caindéinmidi (-deimidi, MS) gl. beneficam, 120b6 . amal as dund chaindénmidiu gl. benefico, 33b9 . nadbi caínfoltach nibi caínfuillmech `he who is not well qualified is not well remunerated', Ériu xviii 47.5 ( Laws v 112.7 ). cluithche caoínmhenmnach, Ériu v 166.56 . easbog cáoinráidhtioch, Párl. na mB. 3794 . labrad uallach ┐ chaintoimtenach dib fadesin `proud and self-complaisant speech', Ml. 31b10 . See caínḟúairrech.

With verbs: cáin-airlice lend graciously(?), LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ). mani cáinairlither `unless thou take good heed', Wb. 5b38 . in tan na cain-biadhtar cain-scarat, Laws v 292.12 . nī bo fri óigthea acher / cāinbói (.i. cáin nobíid) fri lobru trúagu, Thes. ii 328.3 (Hy.v). la Dal Riada cainebar / . . . / lethdeog, Anecd. i 14.15 ( SCano 478 ) (ibid). cáineperr gl. bene dicitur, Sg. 215a3 . caínéra, LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ). caoin éranar muca mbroghtar ina muicthech, Ériu xiii 27.23 = amail atbeir isin bretha nemidh cain erenar muc mbrogtar ┐ rl., O'Curry 1451 ( H 3.18, 647b ) (as-ren). c.¤ feid a rosc, LU 8342 ( FB 24 ). c.¤ fera bodil di fodbaid ríg (rhet.), 6122 (TBC). c.¤ fúalaing fuither glaini sair, 8343 ( FB 24 ). inna caingnethi gl. bene acta, Ml. 22d18 . With in-láidi, see ind-láidi. cumala caínógat a ngnímu `who fulfil their services well', Críth G. 485 and n . caínoís, LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ) (oidid). cain rognatha (gníid), Ml. 39a24 . cáinscríbaimm, Thes. ii 290.11 . caínté im gaí cainte gaithe, LL 1570 (téit). cia tīasam cáin temadar (.i. alaind), Thes. ii 299.30 (Hy. i). in-díu trá cáin-timgarat, Lament 90.5 . inna caintinscantai gl. bene coepta, Ml. 131c18 . caín tintaé chucum, LU 8310 ( FB 23 ). is caintormachtae (do-formaig), Hib. Min. 13.451 . clanda caine caīntuismiter, ZCP xi 92 § 21 . amail bid cainullmaigthe, Hib. Min. 13.448 .

In etymol. glosses on con as conjunction and preverb: caoinberim nó caoinbritheamnaigim gl. conidbiur, O'Dav. 391 (cf. Ériu xiii 21.30 ). conamus . . . .i. . . . ro cainaimsighedh, Laws i 48.18 Comm. conaraig . . . .i. . . . ro chain-airgestair, v 292.14 Comm. ar na conderbathar .i. ar na caindiubarthar, iv 196.23 Comm. (2 do-rorban?).

In later lang. used as occas. alliterating ornament e.g. do chogair ┐ do chaoin-chomhairligh aige féin, ML 26.14 .

With vnn.: cuile iar cainbiathad, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 52.29 ( Laws ii 386.z ). a condaill .i. a caindeligud, Auraic. 1501 . na ro cuindrigther . . . .i. na dentar do caindirech, Laws i 192.8 Comm. (etymol. gl.). in chainepirt gl. benedictio, Ml. 137d6 . tosach cōru cāinepert, Anecd. iii 16.15 . is maith bar caeineiberta, SG 350.1 . ¤-gním, see separate entry.

comram

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comram or dil.ie/11648
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -am, chomrama, comruma, comraim

n ā, f. (com + rím; + rám, Misc. Hib. 28 . See also Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 602 ). Occas. with a d s. -am ( LU 3233 , LL 12602 , ZCP xi 108 § 1 , Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 12 ). Note also n s. in chomrama , LL 6224 ( ZCP xxiv 140 § 17 ). Cf. LL 385c16 . ? d s. comruma, RC xxiv 184 § 17 .

Contest, contention: triumph, victory : comrama et baga poil gl. bonum certamen certaui, Wb. 30d12 . tóxladh crib comhramha, Ériu xiii 23.9 . in gilla sa ata chomrama óenaidche so ule successful exploits, LU 9155 ( FB 89 ). dí ág inna comraime, 3229 ( SCC 2 ). ? dia ngabat mo chomraimse, LL 6150 . do chomramaib Laigen inso (title), ZCP viii 117 . atragat in dias aile / do derscugud chomrome, LL 4593 (cf. Ériu iv 100.y .). mór do chomramaib gaile ┐ gaiscid, TBC-LL² 2197 . do chungid chomrame, Sc.M² 16 . ? nī fiu cobraim fri fer marb, Fianaig. 12.z . oīnfer tairismi comrama frim-sa, Sc.M² 8 . racaithed in la re comram (comrim, v.l.) in cluichi sin `contention', TTebe 2255 . staoil is comhramha clann gCuinn, Content. x 10 (: foghnamha). iar na ccomhramhaibh `according to their deserts', AFM vi 2208.11 . tathum comram cit[h] lam dūain 'I have preeminence (precedence?) by reason of my song', Éigse x 181 § 1 . do chinniud chomraime 'to determine supremacy (?)' Ériu iv 100 § 38 , Éigse x 190 .

As vn. oc comraim , Corp. Gen. 31.z . cid do-bérad a mac do ch.¤ frimsa? to fight with me, Sc.M² 10 . Predic. g s.: a hoidhed bá chomraime, Acall. 2215 . Attrib. for claidbeb comroma cliath, LL 376a1 .

See comrím.

cridiscél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cridiscél or dil.ie/12936

 

Forms: cridescel

n (cride + scél). matter near the heart, moving tale; special wish; darling : cridescel gl. uerbum bonum , Thes. i 3.6 . robadar cethtri c.¤ liomsæ de chianaib. Ropa . . . cedamus etc., `four darling wishes', Mon. Tall. 136.19 . ernitir dona macaib bethad na cridi scelae (sic) maithi `the good desires of their hearts', 33 . robad cridiscel la Faind / coibligi fri Coin Culaind, LU 3314 ( SCC 11 ). dā cridiscēl thuaiscirt Erenn the two darlings (of two warriors), TBC-I¹ 3318 . dá ch.¤ thuascirt in betha (Castor and Pollux), TTr.² 69 (= christél, LL 31294 ).

1 dag

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dag or dil.ie/14139
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: deg, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, degbés, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, deg-dias, dag, dag, deg-doss, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, deagh- folaid, dag, dag- ḟorcitlid, dagforcitlidib, dag, deggnim, dag, dag, deg-impide, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, deg-óg, dag, dag, dag, deg-rann, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deaghoideas, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, Deg, deg, deg, deg, dethclu, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deaghcho- maoineach, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deighdealbhdha, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deghearghna, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deglenda, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg

adj good. Later deg. Thurn. Hdb. 49 . annag .i. non bonum . dag .i. bonum , O'Mulc. 47 . dag .i. bonus no piscis , ib. 289 . écndag .i. ni dag .i. non bonum , ib. 357 . annach evil, bad , O'D. Suppl. 573 b . dag .i. maith, LB 36 a 24 f.b. .i. maith, ACC § 46 . deach .i. maith, O'D. Suppl. (or = dech). death .i. maith, ACL iii 280 . Often deth-: deth-arrachta, ZCP vi 26.17 . -bertach, 48. 20 . -cluach, 34. 9 . -rígan, 25. 11 . -thapaidh 30. 27 . -thengthach, 50. 33 . Frequently written d┐; occasionally also dath-. Mod. pronounced dé-, dea-, Seanchaint 79 . 205 . Independent use of dag: droch do drochaib, dag do dagaib, Corm. Tr. 61 . dag a dagchomul na céir, ACC 46 . derb dag i mba, ib. a pl. deich treaba dagha (.i. maithi), Ériu ii 4. 5 . Adv. well (Contribb.): sciath aca ar lár a ethair... fo tailfed dag...cethri drond[a] dechenbar, RC xiv 404. 18 .

In composition with a following noun or adjective, Zeuss 857 . Thurn. Hdb. 221 : good, noble, intensive very . For fuller collections s. Acall., Laws, CCath. Index, Todd Nenn., Hom. Leg. Ind.

A dag

:

dag-airle a good counsel Wb. 29 b 17 . isí mo degairle, ACL iii 220. 29 . is derb ropat degairle, TFerbe 280 .

dag-airliud good merit, well-deservingness LU 34 a 16 . 76 a 10 . dag-arliud .i. oca mbí deg-bríathar, TBC-LL¹ 1695 Y. deg-arliud, LU 34 a 16 . RC iv 256 . decchairilleadh, AFM vi 2370. 3 . deg-airilniud, ALC ii 262. 15 .

dag-aiste a good metre . d. in dána, IT iii 106. 2 .

dag-aithrige (MS. dagathrige) a good repentance Cambr. 38 a .

dag-altair good fosterage Laws ii 164. 10 (opp. mialtair, ib. 8 ).

dag-altram id., ib. ii 164. 6 , 19 .

dag-armtha well-armed TFrag. 22. 14 .

dag-bág a good fight : co ndernsat d.¤-báig de, LL 191 a 52 .

dag-banas : trí fostai dagbanais: fosta thengad ┐ gensa ┐ airnberntais (airbertais, v.l.), 'three ways in which a good woman is steady: steadiness of tongue, of chastity and of house keeping' Triads § 180 , Ériu xxviii 155 . dag-ben a good woman, a lady : gruc da .i. dagben, Corm. 17 . degbhen, CCath. 4038 .

dag-bert brave deed ZCP x 363 : tabred dagberta for ar n-imthechta, LU 15 a 5 .

dag-bés a good custom Laws iii 24. 14 . degbés, ZCP viii 113. 7 . Ériu v 130. 48 .

dag-béscnae good behaviour, morality Laws. degbéscnai (g s.) Ml. 85 d 2 . d s. i ndegbæsgnu, ib. 87 d 5 . 105 b 2 .

dag-biad good food O'Mulc. 685 .

dag-bliadain a good year LL 128 b 28 .

dag-boltanach sweet-smelling : lán do lubib dag-boltanchaib, Aisl. Tond. 111 . Cf. degbolad.

dag-briathrach of good words LL 155 b 8 .

dag-cenél a good race LL 279 . ingen óc alaind co ndagcenel ┐ co ndaglégund, RC viii 152 § 3 .

dag-ciall, LL 153 b 14 .

dag-clann a good offspring : Lib. Flav. 23 b 2 , 12 .

dag-coic a good cook : fo lámu dágchoca, MacCongl. 93. 18 .

dag-comairle a good counsel Wb. 29 a 21 . degch. AFM 26. 17 .

dag-comairlid a good adviser : dia deghchoṁairlighibh AFM v 1862. 3 .

dag-cride a good heart, generosity : dagcraidib, ACL iii 235. 32 . deagh-, ITS x 200 .

dag-dán a good gift, poem, art : saer daer dagdana, Laws v 96. 10 . rogab gnimu dailim do airim a degdán, BB 382 a 6 .

dag-dess good and comely , Gorm. Mar. 31 .

dag-dia good god (etymological gloss on Dagda) LU 32. 25 . LL 266 b 38 .

dag-dias a good pair Gorm. Oct. 26 . deg-dias, Feb. 11 .

dag-dond: ben Néill in druing dagduind, LL 139 a 42 .

dag-doss a good bush Gorm. Jan. 7 . deg-doss, Mar. 3 , May 18 .

dag-duine a good man, a brave man, a nobleman, a righteous man ( Donlevy, passim ). Wb. 6 b 23 . 18 c 14 . i coimthecht dagdóine, ib. 16 d 2 . carid dagdoini, 27 d 11 . dag- : Ériu i 215. 12 . TFrag. 144. 2 ; 204. 16 . Lib. Flav. 27 a 1 . 35 . deg-duine, LU 53 a 8 . degdáine, MR 224. 15 .

dag-eire a good (i.e. heavy) load LU 64 b 22 . 89 a 15 . 95 a 35 . RC xiv 54. 6 . degeire deise no trír, Acall. 3942 .

dag-éirge good rising-up : ar-dlegat a ndaigéirge 'they are entitled … to their good rising [before them]' The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 130 § 13 . dag-Eogan brave Eogan LL 130 a 39 .

dag-eolach well-informed ZCP iv 235. 4 .

dag-éraic a good mulct : nenaisc d. a mucc foraibh, Lism. L. 319. 16 .

dag-ḟeidm good use Ériu ii 4. 7 . deg-, Todd Lect. vi p. 99 .

dag-ḟer a nobleman, a gentleman, a brave : oirchinnig ┐ daigfir ┐ tóisig, Alex. 442 . ar galaib dagfer, LL 203 a 37 . AU i 254. 9 . LL 156 b 23 . 158 a 381 . deghfir, BB 385 b 7 . Acall. 1033 . KMMisc. 264. 13 ; 272. 9 . dagḟer, degḟer, Gorm. Ind. do degferaib ┐ do degdáinib, LL 227 a 23 . deghfer dana a good poet AFM iii 598. 17 . deghḟer labhra a good speaker, ib. ii 1136. 14 .

dag-ḟeras : tréde faillsiges cach ndagḟeras: dán, gaisced, crésine, there are three things which reveal that a man performs his functions well: a special gift, valour, piety Triads § 196 , Ériu xxviii 155 . cach ndagḟeras .i. gach feidhm nó gníomh iomlán nó feramhuil 'every activity or full or manly deed' Triads 41 , Ériu xxviii 155 . dag-ḟethal, SG 84. 37 .

dag-ḟial good and modest Gorm. Jan. 30 , Aug. 7 .

dag-ḟind very fair , ib. May 15 , Dec. 11 .

dag-ḟolad great wealth Laws iv 298.2 ; v 70. 10 . deagh- folaid, ib. ii 308. 26 .

dag-ḟorcetul good instruction LB 12 b 126 . Hence dag- ḟorcitlid a good teacher. d pl. dagforcitlidib, Wb. 11 b 6 .

dag-gním a good deed Wb. 6 a 8 , 6 a 11 , 10 a 17 , 33 a 17 . a doughty deed LU 61 a 15 . deggnim, Ml. 14 b 15 . CCath. 1190 . Cf. deggnímrad valiant deeds ZCP iii 28. 13 . i n-dagnimrathib, Thes. ii 244.32 .

dag-ime a good fence Laws iv 126. 24 .

dag-impide a right, proper request : is cóir daigimpigi duit ar nidad dichumaing, Anecd. i 11. 13 . deg-impide AFM 1132. 8 .

dag-imradud a good intention : forbe in dagimrata, Wb. 3 d 5 (opp. drochimr., ib.).

dag-ingen a good daughter LL 138 b 23 .

dag-ingnad very strange : diamair d., LL 157 b 28 .

dag-laech a brave hero : adchiu d.-u in beth[a] (sic leg.) ZCP iii 46. 14 . deglaech, MR 224. 14 . do deglaech ┐ do degóc, LL 100 b 16 .

dag-laechdacht, LU 67 a 31 = TBC-LL¹ 1050 .

dag-léigend, RC viii 152 § 3 .

dag-less good profit, especial weal Acall. 3772 . doghéna dháibh bur ndeigleas, Acall. 3606 .

dag-lind good time LL 129 a 47 .

dag-lóg a good price SR 5836 .

dag-mac a good son or boy MR 136. 10 . deaghṁac léighinn a good student Donlevy 456. 16 (= scolaire maith 458. 29 ). ML 58. 2 .

dag-máin benefit : is éicrichnichthe donindnigsom a dagmóini, Wb. 28 a 17 . Alex. 926 , 930 . inna degmáini, Ml. 27 a 6 . a seoit ┐ a degmáini, Cog. 18. 18 . Ériu ii 2. 3 , 9 .

dag-menmae hilarity, jollity Mon. Tall. 143. 5 . Cf. deg-menmnach, LL 155 b 47 .

dag-mian a good mind Gorm. Jan. 26 . BB 48 a 40 . YBL 314 b 20 .

dag-mór very big Gorm. Sept. 11 . degmór, ib. May 20 , Nov. 20 , July 30 . samaigis stacci direccra degmaru forsna beraib, MacCongl. 63. 2 .— Gaul. Dagomārus, npr. m.

dag-naidm a good security : fal fosuidigthear dag-nadmaim, Laws v 506. 11 . Anecd. iii 29. 6 .

dag-nár good and bashful Gorm. Mar. 26 , May 9 , Nov. 26 .

dag-nem good heaven ib. June 5 .

dag-nia a brave hero : dagnia derg, Rawl. 116 b 12 .

dag-nóisech: do dlighid dian daghnoisech, Anecd. ii 75. 2 .

dag-nuachar, LL 157 a 6 ; a noble mate, ZCP x 363 .

dag-óc a goodly youth, a brave warrior TBC-LL¹ 1263 . 1640 Y. TFrag. 1062 .

dag-óg a good virgin Gorm. July 2 . deg-óg, Jan. 6 , Oct. 17 .

dag-phreceptóir a good teacher Wb. 4 a 2 .

dag-rád speaking well of Gorm. May 17 .

dag-rāith a good security Laws i 118. 21 .

dag-rann a good stanza Gorm. Jan. 31 , LL 7 a 48 . deg-rann, LL 10 b 41 . 153 b 15 . BB 382 a 6 .

dag-rath good grace or luck, full prosperity Gorm. Feb. 26 . Fearna mór mílib d. (g pl.) AFM ii 576. 3 . cúig bliadna déc fa degrath, Cog. 140. 20 .

dag-riar, Mart. Don. Introd. 37 . Donlevy, pass.

dag-riattae well-trained Leb. Cert. 160. 2 .

dag-rosc a good eye (of sight), Corm. 689 Y.

dag-rún a good resolution, purpose, a good end : ar do dagrúin ndrechaig, ZCP viii 232 . TBC-LL¹ 1695 Y. co ngeib d. degmessa, LU 76 a 9 . degrún, BB 375 a 31 .

dag-ṡégdae majestic, sublime : ic mac Dé dagṡégdai, Rawl. 69 a 24 . deighṡeghdha, BB 9 a 15 .

dag-ṡén good luck SG ii 469. 11 . degṡén, Top. Poems 40. 6 .

dag-ṡochor good profit : bidh co d. re fód danacul ar nóg ar ég, ZCP viii 227 .

dag-ṡoillsigud a good illumination ZCP iii 222. 2 f.b.

dag-thapaid very quick, active, expert : an drong dhánata dh. dhíscir dhenmnedach, ALC i 412. 6 . dorónsat comlainn fic[h]da...degthapaid, IT ii2 141 (l. 477) . ML 28. 4 . bulli na láma deisi degth., Cog. 194. 8 . go dian-deghth. AFM 2318. 4 . deg-thapad vigour MR 318. 14 . deg-thapa = d.¤-thapaid: dosgiobadar a longa...go d., Atlantis iv 166. 22 .

dag-theist bonum testimonium Wb. 25 a 18 . deg-theist for chach, LB 260 b 81 .

dag-thimthach: dobert d. imbi, LL 117 b 36 .

dag-thír a goodly land Imr. Br. (of the Ir. Elyseon). deg-t., CRR 4 . BS 54. 4 .

dag-thorthech abounding in fruit: sam sogar .i. is d. in samrad, LL 188 a 32 .

dag-thrian a good third : a d. mo chuarta sa, Fen. 168. 13 .

dag-thuath: dúnadach cech d., LL 344 c 13 .

B deg (see also 1 dag):

deg-accomul a good union Laws ii 362. 3 (= soaccomol, l. 4 ).

deg-adbae a goodly dwelling ZCP viii 207. 3 .

deg-adbar good material, one well fitted to be: Niall ...d. táisigh na Trí Tuath, ALC i 529. 15 . Donnchad... d. rí[g] Érenn, ALC i 558. 10 , ib. 598. 11 . AFM iii 396. 14 , ib. iv 722. 8 .

deg-aes: triar d.-a dána three of the goodly men of science CRR § 30 . BS 52. 9 . good, auspicious age: d. éisgi, MR 106. 14 .

deg-aichnech well informed : d. aithnech ar gach ealadhain, AU iii 530. 4 . BB 62 a 34 .

deg-aicned a noble nature, benevolence CCath. 5480 . SG i 54. 31 . d s. degaicniud, LB 273 b 71 . SG 54. 31 . deaghaigneadh, Donlevy 472. 8 .

deg-ainm, BB 370 b 23 .

deg-airde a favourable sign : dommí co ndegairdib, ACL iii 221. 6 . dertbais d. dílend | senchas senaibni Hérend, LL 5 b 39 .

deg-airiltnidh a good earner AFM 2220. 3 .

deg-aisse: ic loscud Muman massi | ba suach dond d., LL 375 a 14 = ba subach don degaisse, ACL iii 304 § 7 , ZCP x 363 .

deg-aite a good foster-father; a good teacher MR 298. 9 ; 314. 4 . d.-oide faoisidine, Donlevy 338. 23 . d. -oidigheadh foghluma, ib. xxi 1 . Cf. deg-aites good education, good teaching. deaghoideas, Donlevy 336. 16 ; xviii 5 ; xix 13 .

deg-aithne a good knowledge SG 354. 22 .

deg-aithrige good repentance AFM 1000. 21 .

deg-aithris a worthy imitation ZCP viii 216. 15 .

deg-amos a brave hireling soldier Ériu i 94. 1 .

deg-amrae good and wonderful, specially wonderful: Cathbad drái d., Acall. 2543 . CRR § 30 .

deg-anacol a goodly protection Ériu v 84. 13 .

deg-arm: ni dlig degairm fer cin gliaidh, Harl. 5280, 14 a . MR 224. 14 .

deg-armach well-armed Acall. 2134 (v.l. datharmach, p. 291 ).

deg-armáil a good armament AFM 2272. 9 .

deg-arrachtae very brave ZCP vi 26. 17 .

deg-árus a good house SG 303. 30 . ITS x p. 200 .

deg-ass good milk LU 25 b 16 .

deg-athach a good vassal : ropo deglaech degathaig, TFerbe 691 .

deg-athair a good father LL 385 b . BB 127 b . MR 118. 3 . Acall. 2005 .

deg-athardae goodly patrimony AFM 1640. 9 .

deg-atmáil a good confession Miscell. Celt. Soc. 330. 6 .

deg-bág a good fight Gorm. May 12 .

deg-bail, RC viii 350 ; good luck, ZCP x 363 .

deg-baile a good village, a good steading : dún nó dingna nó d., Moling 8. 10 . ITS x p. 200 . a dunib ┐ a degbaledib Sachsan, AB A.D. 1014 .

deg-bárc, OCT 9.4 .

deg-barr: adram do rígh na ndúile | do dh. dian (leg. dín) ar ndaine (na ndóine, Lec.) BB 24 b 48 ( ZCP x 363 ). Acall. 1114 .

deg-bás a happy death Donlevy 364. 15 ; 322. 18 .

deg-bélrae good speech : sulbaire degbelrai, Ml. 89 c 16 .

deg-bertach virtuous : a ridiri dethbertach, ZCP vi 48. 20 .

deg-bethach virtuous Gadelica ii 97. 21 .

deg-bethu a virtuous life : co rís degbethaid glan glé, Moling 52. 21 . do forbadh a dheighbhetha[dh], AFM 456. 10 ; 526. 9 . a comfortable existence BS § 18. 18 .—Cf. Gaul. Dago-bitus, npr. m.

deg-blad good fame : ní fo d. co nirt nua, LU 16 a 3 .

deg-blas a good taste : dobheir sé (sc. an salann) deaghbhlas dó (sc. don bhiadh), Donlevy 442. 24 .

deg-blasta savoury ZCP ii 252. 14 .

deg-bolad a good odour ZCP ii 252. 14 .

deg-bráthairse a good brotherhood ZCP viii 318. 28 .

deg-buaid a good victory Gorm. Feb. 24 . na d.-buada, LL 44 b 4 .

deg-bualad a violent beating SG 272. 4 .

deg-buide deep yellow : erla d. on cluais co céli do, Acall. 4080 n. .l. urla nd., ib. 4942 n.

deg-buiden a good host : toesech na degbhuidne, LL 100 b 14 .

deg-cairdech: bi d. im fadbail lochta fira, Laws ii 280. 16 .

deg-calmae very brave MR 284. 26 .

deg-caratrad a good friendship LL 72 .

deg-cerdach fully skilled SG 307. 39 .

deg-ces a good hive : narab drochcis i ninad deigh-ceasach, Laws iii 438. 8 .

Deg-chairdil npr. m. Anecd. i 42 .

deg-cinniud a good decision : rocinnit tra deighchinnte iomdha isin coṁdháil hísin, AFM ii 1164. 3 .

deg-clár a good board : ic dathugad a d., TTr. 137 .

deg-clu a good reputation, good fame Laws iii 22. 32 , 33 . dethclu, ZCP vi 24. 12 .

deg-cluach of good renown ZCP vi 34. 9 .

deg-cobrach very helpful (of God) SG 21. 5 .

deg-codnach a man of sound mind Laws ii 70. 4 , 10 .

deg-coemna good protection : ni bhidh imorro díon no d. a tuaith nó a termonn, ALC 5781 .

deg-coimét a good protection KMMisc. 314. 27 .

deg-commaid good comradeship ZCP iii 5. 3 .

deg-commáin a good communion : g s. deaghcho- maoineach, Donlevy 252. 9 ; 254. 31 .

deg-creic a good sale Laws ii 284. 8 ; iv 88.16 .

deg-cridech good hearted : fer dercech d., ALC i 538. 15 . deaghchroidheach, Donlevy 62.19 .

deg-culaith a noble suit : dochóirigh deaghchulaith Ṁanannáin uime, Atlantis iv 214.25 . OCT 54.2-3 .

deg-daingen very strong Acall. 5290 .

deg-daire, LL 385 b , c . BB 127 b .

deg-dál a good meeting BB 281 a 17 . Gorm. Aug. 17 . Ériu iv 136. 8 . BS 90. 2 .

deg-dath a good colour : do dheargór dheaghdhatha ML 110. 29 .

deg-dathach well-coloured TTr. 1365 .

deg-debaid a hard fight LL 101 a 4 .

deg-delb a good shape : im febas a d.-a, TFerbe 367 . Hence deighdealbhdha, AFM v 1400. 3 . SG 8. 29 .

deg-dénmach well-made : dabach dígrais d., B. Fermoy 141 a . étaigi dígraissi d.-a, TTr. 167 . ITS x p. 200 .

deg-dénmusach well-built SG 302. 28 .

deg-dénom good building, shape : ar dilsi ┐ d. (of a ship), TTr. 120 . comeliness SG 353. 38 . ar dheilbh ┐ ar dh., ALC i 544. 22 .

deg-dígainn very abundant Acall. 342 .

deg-dígal a good revenge RC xi 444. 32 .

deg-dín a good protection : diar ndegdin, Gorm. Feb. 21 .

deg-dliged a good right, a good reason : narmtar co ndegdligedaib dia frithtuidecht, Ml. 16 b 6 . Laws iv 320. 13 .

deg-dlúith very close : buale d. di sciathaib, TTr. 609 .

deg-doé a good hand : a dheg-dóid ndeis, ML 146. 18 .

deg-doilges a goodly sorrow Donlevy 272. 18 .

deg-domnach, used of Easter Sunday ZCP viii 207. 1 .

deg-dorn a good fist (Gaul. Dagodurnus CIL iii 12014. 242 ). BB 275 b 21 .

deg-drong a good troop Gorm. Aug. 9 .

deg-druin good and shrewd : Fatuel d. diada, ib. Ap. 5 .

deg-dul a good way LL 282 b 2 .

deg-dún a good fortress : a medon gach d.-duine, Tig. A.D. 1022 .

deg-einech good hospitality : ní thainic... neach do dearsccaighfedh de ar... dh., AFM 1906. 4 . g s. ben derlaic-theach theach deigheinigh, AFM 724. 6 . in toclach daibir deigeinig, Acall. 3289 . generous : in toenchléirech is diadha ┐ is deighenaigh (-aighe ?) do bhí i nErinn na aimsir féin, ALC i 526. 22 .

deg-Éiriu good Ireland MacCarthy 430. 7 f.b.

deg-engnum a doughty deed Cog. 182. 14 . YBL 317 a 10 .

deg-eol a good knowledge Rel. Celt. ii 220. 28 . Cf. dageolach.

deg-ergnae goodly wisdom : deghearghna, ZCP 199. 15 .

deg-erlabrach of good speech Hugh Roe 54. 15 .

deg-ḟaebrach sharp-edged : claideb cruaid ... ise daingen d., BB 476 b 44 .

deg-ḟaitches reverence Donlevy 358. 15 .

deg-ḟál a good hedge or fence : Sinuna druin d., Gorm. Sept. 2 .

deg-ḟeichemantae, MR 278. 17 .

deg-ḟéil a good festival Gorm. Jan. 18 .

deg-ḟeithmeóir, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 330. 2 .

deg-ḟéth a goodly appearance : rathaigit na manig d. in chlerig, Lism. L. 303. 22 . sonus ┐ d. tria bithu dḟir thinaid, ib. 32 .

deg-ḟid: epe cacha feada acht fid nemead no degfidh, Laws v 474. 7 . degfid .i. fid de fid, ib. 476. 3 . For de-ḟid, deid, q.v.

deg-ḟledach: co teg Aeda d. fledaig, LL 301 a 45 .

deg-fogur a good sound BB 324 a 37 .

deg-ḟonaidm a good agreement, bond. d. trebaire, Laws v 508. 11 .

deg-ḟonn good pleasure ACL iii 154.15 .

deg-ḟota very long Acall. 779 .

deg-ḟrecrae a good answer Todd Lect. iv 191 .

deg-gein a good birth SG 18. 31 .

deg-glór, CCath. 3049 .

deg-gnáth rhyming with cách, LL 129 a 37 .

deg-gneach of good countenance Thr. Ir. Gl. xli .

deg-gnímaige, MR 142. 8 .

deg-grés a propitious incident Acall. 3841 .

deg-guide a good, proper entreaty . cen digide .i. cen dedguide o briathraib, Laws ii 390. 3 .

deg-innscnech affable AU iii 242. 21 .

deg-labarthach well-spoken : dochan Colom Cille gu d. in duan so, BB 31 a 21 .

deg-lainn: Nuadha deghlainn diadha, Gorm. Feb. 19 , cf. Stoke's note ib. p. 268 .

deg-láith: d. gaile good heroes of valour CRR § 34 .

deg-lám embroidery Caithr. CC 72. 21 .

deg-lámach handy, dexterous : Nuadha d., Cóir Anm. § 7 . Subst. good spear-casting Acall. 5112 .

deg-lámaid dexterous Ériu iv 118. 14 , 18 .

deg-lámdae handy, skilful (in embroidery): ingen. . . bud dechlámdai di ingenaib Hérenn, LU 122 a 21 (cf. ZCP iii 231. 27 ). Subst. handiwork, embroidery : bátar side oc fogluim druine ┐ deglámda la hEmir, LU 122 a 15 (cf. ZCP iii 231. 21 ).

deg-lepaid a good bed OCT 49 § 54 .

deg-lígdae resplendent Ériu iv 94. 1 .

deg-lín a good (i.e. high) number Acall. 4859 .

deg-lind a good drink. g s. deglenda, O'Dav.

deg-lucht: a d. lenamhna his faithful followers AFM 2264. 2 .

deg-macacht, ZCP viii 111. 28 .

deg-maisech very beautiful SG 234. 34 ; 269. 8 . Sechrán 205 .

deg-maith very good co degmaith, LL iii 15154 ; subst. a nobleman : degmaithi Erend, TBC-LL¹ 2224 Y. Ériu iii 143 § 5 . LL 158 a 9 f.b.

degmaithesach of good worth : ba haill daineach digbalach deagmaithisach e 'he was a prominent person with a large retinue, destructive [to enemies], and of goodly worth', AI 406 (s.a. 1311.5) .

deg-meirge a good ensign ITS ix 126 .

deg-meisnig courageous : ionnsaighitt iad co deighṁ. AFM 1322. 12 .

deg-mesc very intoxicating : di medanaib d.-a, TTr. 164 .

deg-mess, LU 76 a 9 . TBC-LL¹ 1695 .

deg-mín good and gentle Gorm. Jan. 11 .

deg-moch very early Páidín, p. 4 .

deg-molad a good praising SG 341. 2 . Ériu v 76. 26 .

deg-mucc a good pig RC xii 64 § 26 .

deg-muinter goodly folk ZCP viii 209. 20 .

deg-muirn great courage, pride : Feidlimid ... u. bl. deg fa d., BB 61 a 43 .

deg-nath a good poem : triar aile diar delbus d., LL 137 b 50 .

deg-nert good strength Gorm. Mar. 20 .

deg-nós a good custom Donlevy 444. 14 .

deg-nuall a good shout : .iiii. scéith datha is d., BB 281 a 16 .

deg-nue good and fresh (as an epithet for an eye) ITS x p. 200 .

deg-óc a good warrior Gorm. May 18 . LL 100 b 16 .

deg-óclaech id. ni raibe acht da .xx. degoclach, AU i 548. 3 .

deg-oeb good beauty : degaeb, Gorm. July 18 .

deg-óidech very attentive SG 11. 28 .

deg-oirdned good ordination Gorm. July 4 .

deg-ól a good drink Fen. 248. 11 .

deg-opair a good work Donlevy, pass. OCL p. 33 .

deg-ord a good service : iar cceilebhradh d.-uird, RC xxvi 372. 20 .

deg-ordaide well-ordered AU iii 336. 19 .

deg-oslaicthe wide open : gur bho dlochtana d. na dainginscéith, ML 136. 8 .

deg-phendand good penance : décc iar ndeighph. ┐ iar naithrighi, AFM ii 906. 14 . ib. 1062. 9 .

deg-ráithe a good quarter (of a year): a sé décc as d. sixteen years and a quarter AFM iv 694. 2 .

deg-recht a good law : farcha dlúthaighthe gach d.-a ALC i 486. 16 .

deg-réid good and smooth Gorm. Dec. 23 .

deg-rí a good king . Gorm. Jan. 26 . Aug. 5 . atchiu degríg ndeg-Lagen, LL 48 a 40 . ib. 153 a 45 , b 6 .— Gaul. Dago-rix, npr. m.

deg-rígain a good queen ZCP vi 25. 11 .

deg-rind a good constellation MR 112. 22 .

deg-rith a good running : do druim degretha, SG 283. 29 .

deg-ruiri a good sovran : tecat fir Hérenn uili co Dálach in degruiri, LL 27 a 21 .

deg-ṡaire: d. lebarda well-composed books Laws iii 88. 9 .

deg-ṡamail a good likeness Meyer Prim. 60 a .

deg-scél good news , opp. to drochscél, Cog. 32. 21 .

deg-scip, ZCP v 489 § 15 (.i. deslám).

deg-ṡerc sometimes written for de-ṡerc, dérc ( Mon. Tall. 159. 1 ).

deg-ṡét precious treasure : mḟer dingbála degṡeoit, TFerbe 481 .

deg-ṡíl a good or noble seed : rí deigtṡil Duibhne, Edinb. viii 26 a 1 .

deg-ṡín good weather : bliadan tra ṡuthach co ndeghsín AU ii 48. 16 . ib. 80. 10 . bliaduin tsuthach...go ndeightsín ALC i 78. 6 .

deg-ṡluag a valiant host : ina ndírim d.-sluaigh, Cog. 216. 3 .

deg-ṡuattae well sewn : lethair d., LL 77 a 47 .

deg-thabairt a good giving SG 269. 14 . Cf. deghthabhartha suas well brought up Rel. Celt. ii. 206. 26 .

deg-thacrae a good argument Todd Lect. iv 191 .

deg-thairise well-established : síth mór daingen d.-i do dénum, AU ii 542. 7 = AFM iii 650. 1 . faithful, trusty : do pfocaib codil...d.-i, IT ii2 136 (l. 359) .

deg-thalland a good talent : degthimthrechta ┐ degtallanda, Ml. 69 c 2 .

deg-thám a good death Gorm. June 5 .

deg-thásc, SG 262. 7 .

deg-thengaid a good speaker, advocate : muna roib aca comet in d., Laws i 84. 16 .

deg-thengthach well-spoken : fer dána d., ZCP vi 50. 33 .

deg-thenn very strong : dúine deightheanna, Acall. 936 .

deg-thermonn a good asylum : dín ┐ d., ALC i 518. 9 .

deg-thidnacul a good gift Ériu iv 24. 13 .

deg-thimthirecht a good service : degthimthrechta ┐ degtallanda, Ml. 69 c 2 .

deg-thoirbert a goodly gift : ar troma a dhuas ┐ a dh. AFM v 1608. 7 .

deg-thóisech a good chief : degthoesech na buidne LL 100 b 17 . deaghthaoiseach, Top. Poems 24. 10 .

deg-thor a good multitude : buaidh cech d.-t[h]uir AFM ii 600. 14 . ib. 612. 17 .

deg-threb a goodly tribe : eiter cealla ┐ congbhála daoine ┐ deighthrebha crodh ┐ cethra, AFM i 454. 11 . Cf. degthrech.

deg-thromm very heavy Acall. 4954 .

deg-thuarastal good pay or wages AFM v 1814. 9 .

deg-ualach a good load ITS x p. 200 .

deg-Ulltach a brave Ulsterman : díne d., MR 220. 19 .

deg-ord a proper service : is cōir degurd do dēnam, Ériu i 44. 9 , 13 .

C In verb. cpds. deg:

deg-brissim I break well Acall. 1810 n. bar dindgna do degbrisiud, LL 225 a 25 .

deg-cóirigim I arrange well MS. Mat. p. 495 .

deg-cummaim I shape well: delb...derscnaigthi da cach deilb dar degcumad, MR 186. 25 .

deg-dénam: ronert co mor a maccu immon cocad do d., LL 228 b 12 .

deg-diglaim I avenge fully: rodegdiglad a bráthair leis, Cog. 100. 26 .

deg-ḟetur: rod. I know well IT iii 89. 6 .

deg-fognaim I serve well: Dia dia ndegḟognand LL 145 b 40 .

deg-rúnaigim I give good advice Ériu iii 162 § 14 .

deg-ṡeolaim I direct well: rodírgedh ┐ rodegṡeolad cruadhurchar cuca cacha certdhírge, MR 266. 5 .

deg-ṡocraim I establish firmly: rodhaingnigh ┐ rodheghṡocraidh...sin, ALC ii 354. 11 .

deg-therbaim I separate well Metr. Dinds. ii 48. 30 .

deg-thidnaicim I present well RC viii 348. 16 .

deg-thocbáil: a dhalta do dh. os cách, ALC i 552. 31 .

deg-thullim I deserve well: rodegthuill mór nualand nard, LL 137 b 14 .

écmais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. écmais or dil.ie/19601
Last Revised: 2013

 

n i (later also with prothetic f-)

I Absence: éagmais Chríost = absentia Christi TSh. 6387 . easbaidh nó éagmais na fíréandachta, 3319 . cáid cech n-écmais omne ignotum pro mirabili SCC 43 . Cf. laogh is oirdhearc éagmais whose absence is noted (?) or whose repute (i.e. knowledge by hearsay) is wonderful (?) Hackett xlix 1 .

g s. as attrib. absent: fáitti tecta uaitsiu cot chairdib écmaissi, CRR §§ 7.8 . 11.12 .

i n-é.¤ (1) absolutely: a fiadnaise...i n-ecmais in the presence (of the owner, etc. )...in his absence Laws iii 212.6 ; 278.14 Comm. a n-aididh a fer ocus a n-ecmais, ii 378. 18 ; 27 Comm.

(2) with gen. or poss.

(a) in the absence of: a n-écmais na mná = uxore absente Lat. Lives 79.1 . ina hecmais in her absence IT i 40.21 . TBC-LL¹ 817.835 . TBC-I¹ 2492 . i n-ecmais a tigerna in his master's absence Laws iii 230.19 ii 290.23 Comm. (= ZCP xiv 376 ). CCath. 2214 . bheith i bhféagmhais a chéile separated Dánta Gr. 95.4 .

(b) separated from, out of the company of: nā bít it écmais t'ḟian let not thy band be away from thee LL 297b11 = SG 365.11 . nach raibhe énuair do ló 'na hécmais, Anecd. i 79.11 . Ériu i 96.31 . ag anmain 'na éagmhais, Dán Dé vi 29 . Of place: nach mou na di trath atú ina hécmais away from it (the city) PH 1060 . Anecd. i 79.7 . ní bheitheá acht aonbhliadhain a bhféagmhais Eireann ML 36.11 . a n-oilethre a bfhecmais mo tíri, BCC § 67 . § 128 . TSh. 6041 . Similarly: bātar fri rē secht lā a n-ēcmais a corp (of temporarily disembodied spirits), ACL iii 225.1 . is fada ata Fer D. a n-egmais in comlaind ZCP x 304.11 .

(c) of things, without, deprived of, lacking (with gen. of obj.): ní dlíg læch a enecland dia mbé i n-ecmais a arm, TBC-I¹ 1671 . TBC-LL¹ 4094 . a cuirp i n-écmais a cend without heads 702 . 689 . a n-ecmais ceille codnaid `without the sense of a grown man' (of a minor) Laws v 510.22 Comm. a n-egmais mu cuind ┐ mo ceille do geallus[s]a he I was wanting my sense when I promised it ZCP x 303.23 . Aen. 902 . i n-ecmais ecnai without wisdom PH 6861 . is maith mor in almsa i n-écmais na háine eleemosyna sine ieiunio bonum est 4971 . is marb in corp indecmais in anma, 8384 . badar imda maic rig...a n-egmais a n-anma (i.e. dead, slain) RC xxiv 50 § 10 . ata (an firmamint) a n-egmuis gach uili cāil da cāilib na cethardūla without any of the properties ITS xiv 60.15 . ba dóig la C.i n-ecmais a ḟessa ┐ a eolusa, ba hí Medb bói and C. thought, in the absence of knowledge [information], that it was M. TBC-LL¹ 1561 . 2845 . 4444 (a formula, not in St). a bfegmuis t'eoluis thanagsa without thy guidance RC xxix 116.4 . Prov. phr.: boegal i n-ecmais omain, PH 3010 .

(d) lacking to (with gen. of pers. or thing deprived; in a few of the exx. cited it would be possible to take 'na é. as a stereotyped phr., absent , but this explanation is not well supported): is amlaid atracht F ... | ┐ a ech féin na láim | slán uile etir chend iss choiss | bái cach anim 'na écmais, LL 207a47 = RC vii 302 and Duan. F. i p. 30 . biaid do mind rig at egmais araen red chend, TTebe 854 . imleagan oireachais Eireann um ḟeagmais, ML 106.1 . an chundae uile do bheith 'na bhféagmhais, Maguires of F. § 90 . gach ferann da mbaoi ina n-eccmais re fedh a n-aimhreitigh all the lands which had been alienated AFM iv 868.23 . Laws iv 290.12 Comm. Maund. 130 . leth a cinn ina fegmuis, ZCP vi 53.12 . a lethbrócc ime ┐ a lethbrog eli na fecmais, BCC § 282 .

(e) apart from, i.e. other than; except; not including, besides, as well as: damad ac neoch dib i n-ecmais a chéile robeith `if it belonged to one of them independently of the other' Laws iii 126.14 Comm. budh bean ḟir at égmhuissea of another man than thou IGT, Decl. ex. 1056 . as imdha...adba aili ocon Coimdhi a n-ecmais na hindsi-seo, Lism. L. 3703. BNnÉ 234 § 153 . ba haoibhne leis oirisiumh...ann inás ingach ionadh a nErinn ina égmuis, ITS xii 36.17 . except: na plaineid uili a n-egmuis an rē except the moon ITS xiv 86.28 ; 126.2 . nach tainic...a fecmais daendachta Crist, duine bud ferr inā é, BCC § 216 . § 241 . i n-é.¤ co except that; for all that: atait siad fein neamhcumusca a n-egmais co n-abartar a mbeth cumasca even though ITS xiv 14.14 . secht cenela fichet i n-ecmais a fochenel besides their sub-tribes Rawl. 77b3 . Duan. F. i p. 16.23 . Ériu i 80.21 . AFM iii 424.4 . ma ta tech aile aice a n-ecmais in dūin sin Laws v 170.7 Comm. ITS xiv 98.8 . Keat. iii 1039 . deismirecht ar na huile dainib 'na egmuis `for all people besides himself' Laws v 214.22 Comm. nach iad Dál Riada amháin...acht dronga oile 'na n-éagmais, Keat. ii 5912 .

In ref. to a period of time: ar an satharn a n-eugmais an chorgais a Saturday outside Lent Rule of Tallaght § 72 = echdar corgus, Mon. Tall. § 22 .

(f) outside, adjoining: o ná fuairsiot i fféccmais an bhaile iatt, AFM vi 1966.9 . deich mile persa...ag a ttabairt suass a ngioll ar in tig sin a ffegmuis na heguilsi ┐ innte ier n-i[n]mhedhon in that house apart from the church and in the interior of the church Fl. Earls 180.8 .

II Affectionate remembrance, longing, affection, love (?); this meaning may have arisen from the associations of écmais = absence, e.g. grád écmaise: dom shíorrún Raemonn ...tabhair cuimhniughadh géar éaghmaise is annsachta, Hackett xxxv 3 (cf. TSh. 8612 ). a pháirt damh ní áirmhim ná a aoibhe, | a éagmais ghnáith 's a ghrádh 's a dhíoghrais, ib. xxxix 19 .

écndach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. écndach or dil.ie/19622
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: écnaige, ecnach

n o, n. n p. écnaige, LB 211b18 . See SGS iv 94 .

I Reviling, slandering, defaming: ecndag .i. ni d(a)g .i. non bonum, quid peius detracere? , O'Mulc. 357 . éccnach .i. imdheargadh, O'Cl. beim, egnach no toibheim, a Blemish Eg. Gl. 718 ( ACL iii 169 ). eícndag comnissim, Wb. 1c6 . écndach cáich, 30c6 . ná bith fochunn uaimm fein dom æcnduch let me give no cause for speaking evil of me (gl. quid blasphemor) 11c1 . na dena foghluim ag mnaibh cu nach derntur h'égnach, Lism. L. 3456 = Lat. Lives 105.11 (= ne blasphemeris). ni dénad écnach neich, Thes. ii 327.36 . tosach écnaig airbire, LL 345b20 = Anecd. iii 16.4 . ag éccnach a n-eascarat, Ériu iv 212.6 . Esp. of blasphemy: t'ecndachsu a Dæ (gl. de te sentire impia) Ml. 91a3 . 93a11 . eícndag ind raith diadi (maledicti gratia) Wb. 29a7 . du écnduch Dǽ, Ml. 29a11 . 43b13 . ecnach, SR 4694 . PH 479 . du ecnduch di Dia, Ml. 72b5 . ind écndaig dorigensat Assair do Dia, 48b18 . doréll for écnuch na Trínoti, Trip. 44.17 . LL 278a49 . is e ecnach na Trinóti, ferta Meic Dé do chur i lleth Belzebúb, PH 6435 . ní fil do pecdaib na hicat acht ecndach an Spiruta naeib, ZCP iii 30.28 . Of defamation or satire by a poet: do áir ┐ d'ēcnuch, Corm. Y 694 (grómma). immdergad immandergthar duine iarna haīr no iarna hécṅdug, Corm. Bodl. s. leos . atait secht cenela aire la Feine...lesainm lenus aer-aicetal ecnach n-egnairce..., Laws v 228.26 . tainsithar é o bias cach ga eccnach, im aois ocus im innracus, iv 384.25 . cleas ...donidis na filid oc ecnuch, Auraic. 1333 . ni chlos a écnach a cath, Acall. 2007 . See also ZCP v 503.17 . viii 217 § 4 . Auraic. 1934 . 5184 . ni fuilit imderctha na écnaige lind, Anecd. v 4.10 . LB 211b18 .

II Accusing, backbiting, complaining of, murmuring against: ní hobair duine maith | écnach a ṡluaig re prímhḟlaith to complain of people to their chief Acall. 595 . eccnach ┐ iomchosaoid do dhol o maithibh Gall ar an Iustis gus an rígh complaints...were made to the king against the justiciary by the...nobles AFM v 1418.5 . téid dá éagnach rena athair complained of him to his father Keat. ii 5943 . do-ní gearán ┐ éagnach ar an rígh ré huaislibh na Spáinne, TSh. 5491 . is é sin do-ní Iob d' éagnach ar an mbás, 548 . ag éagnach ar aindísle...na colna, 2097 . ag so mar do-ní Beda eagnach ar an ngníomh-so deplores this deed Keat. iii 2230 . With subj. gen.: Tír Cannain...nis-tā dar éis a n-ecnaig, SR 4734 . tú...ga gcosg soin | do bhrosd ar n-éagnach oruibh stirred me to reproach thee GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 568 .

III Complaining, grieving over, lamenting (with gen. or absol.): eagnach, osnadh, uchbhadhach, eaccaoin, Kirk , = Eg. Gl. 271 ( ACL iii 155 ). scuir dot h'uchbadaigh et dot h'ecnach imamsa, TBC-LL¹ p. 669 n. 10 . iomdha agam...cás égnaigh, Studies 1923, 80 . aga éagnach go mór ┐ ag caoineadh a bháis, Each. Iol. 17.11 . ge be lá is lugha da egnach | ata a chumha a n-egcruth oirn, Rel. Celt. ii 218.15 . ro eist an Coimdhe gerān ┐ ēgnach na ffīrēn so the plaint Fl. Earls 222.22 . dá éagnach so, TSh. 1388 . is é sin do-ní Pól d' éagnach... this is what Paul complains of 2931 . a chara, éisd rem éagnach, Ir. Monthly 1920, 54 . rún m' éagnaigh the matter of my grief Ó Bruad. iii 214 .

écndarcus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. écndarcus or dil.ie/19630

 

n u, m. absence, withdrawal from sight: act ba samlid dúib cid imm éicndarcus even in my absence (gl. bonum aemulamini...non tantum cum praesens sum apud vos) Wb. 19d29 ... cid int écndarcus (gl. etiam lunae absentia) Ml. 29d15 . ar in rig i tai ecnarcus for the sake of the king who is absent from thee (cf. 1 écnairc III) Thes. ii 337.18 .

éicen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éicen or dil.ie/19711
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: égean, éigean, éicin, écen, éigean, lucht éigne

n ā, f.; later also o, m. égean fem. IGT, Decl. § 54 . éigean masc. § 53 . TSh.

(1) In the earliest recorded exx. the meaning is usually necessity, compulsion; cf. ēcin .i. cin ēca. no ēc cána. i. ēc riagla `ecin' i.e. `crime of death' or it is `death of law,' that is `death of rule' Corm. Y 547 : hi cumcai no innecin (gl. in angaria) Tur. 134 . ni écen dob imchomartt ach[t] is dúdract lib, Wb. 3b21 . conabad éicen doberad ní domsa huaitsu act combad tol (gl. ne velut ex necessitate bonum tuum esset, sed voluntarium) 32a12 . soit a n-écin i toltanche convert their necessity into freewill FA 23 . ma egin fo ruair gan a denumh, Laws ii 292.23 Comm. ni heiccen beires ó thoigh | acht do thuillemh tuarastoil ZCP viii 116 § 10 . dena idpairt dona deeib...┐ logfaid do Dia fen duit, uair nosfitir conid écen doberar fort, PH 729 . do ghuidh é fa lamh leis chum síobhail rómhóir do bhí 'na éigean air do dhéanamh a very long journey which he had to make ZCP ii 558.23 . Freq. in the sense of adj compulsory, needful, necessary ; ( éigean .i. dligheadh, O'Cl. refers to Metr. Dinds. ii 2.18 , see Hermathena xiv 468 ). egin .i. dhigthech, ut est is egin mór do thuirimh isin trefocul focra, O'Dav. 806 .

(a) abs.: is hécen ainmne occo patience is needful in it Wb. 4a26 . is hecen sainecoscc leosom for accrannaib innaní prechite pacem they deem it necessary to have a special appearance... 5a5 . ní ecen a thodiusgud asreracht cene, 4d27 ; 26 . 16d7 . Ml. 127d8 . na bad écen for cúrsagad in fechtsa it should not be needful to reprove you Wb. 14d1 . arnap éicen a ngóire i n-æclis, 29a10 . mat anmann adiechta emnatar and is écen comacomol hisuidib, Sg. 189b4 . nípa hécen tene bratha dia nglanad, Mon. Tall. § 6 . § 37 . ni heigen ime riu, Laws iv 162 n. 1 . Asia... tír innach éicen fúr fled, LL 135a45 . ba hecen fer cechtar a da slabradside either of those chains required a man (to hold it) Rawl. 131b26 . as écen do thabairt foraib (gl. indignatio severitatis motus est peccatoribus necessarius) Ml. 49b6 . h[u]are as n-ecen condib oinson tintá in son n-ebraide cosnaib ilchiallaib techtas, Ml. 37a10 . atait tri neithe is ecean cum na coimriachtana, Ériu ix 63.28 . is ecen co n-icthar cech ní, PH 7538 . mac bec doringni in gním sain...nocorb éicen...ingantus de, cia nothísed..., TBC-LL¹ 949 . Cog. 62.24 . ota imad na n-inad anna n-eirginn si...as egin co fuil an talam comcruinn it must be that the earth is round Ir. Astr. Tr. 32 w . ní fhuil ainm oile...ionarb éigean sinne do shlánughadh `non est aliud nomen...in quo oportet nos salvos fieri' TSh. 2088 .

In this use often written éicin (éigin), but the form intended is usually doubtful; the follg. metrical exx. may be noted: in cédḟer ór slondadh sind | ollamh darb écean uirrim, IGT, Decl. ex. 658 . budh éigin trá a thocht asteagh | lá éigin ar ghort nGaoidheal, TD 1.9 . bas dar éigin umhla, 33.15 (but see varr.). an chríoch ḟionnsa ón héigin troigh | a ciomhsa d'ḟéigin d'ardaibh, 41.18 . In mainbad éicin (gl. subjecta est non volens) Wb. 4a20 , the word is acc. after mainbad, cf. Ml. 111b28 , etc.

(b) with dat. pron. or do of pers.: issum ecen precept I must needs preach Wb. 10d24 . níb écen log ye need not pay ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 143 ) 16c17 . 22d12 . isim écensa techt I have to go TBC-I¹ 221 (LU). ZCP x 293.14 . Ériu v 209.40 . atabairecen techt ye must go FB 7 . is ecen dam (gl. compellor) Ml. 21b9 . is hecen doib ingremmen do foditiu, Wb. 30c23 . in tan na fádbait a mbiad díles, is écen dia n-anmannaib bás d'fhaghbail, PH 7476 . dó ba hecen (: tēitgel) biathad Echach, LL 183b26 = Arch. Hib. ii 70 . comba hecin di usce...da tharraing, RC xxiv 190.7 . in bocht dana hégen dul fó breith, PH 7520 . ba heiccen doip gan a snámh do dhermat, Fl. Earls 76.12 . is éigean dó cúntas...do thabhairt, TSh. 793 . Attrib. gen.: áine écni, in tan na fagaib nech ni romelad, PH 8366 .

In concrete sense: treb Leui...batir-side soer ó cech écin acht frestal eclaisi Dé exempt from all obligations LB 124a31 .

(2) In a slightly different shade of meaning, force (i.e. exercised by persons upon others); violence; tyranny: écen (gl. violentia) Sg. 51a1 . cisi ecin det-birt as in tir? nim tucc acht ...m'anuabhar fesin, RC xii 72 x . tre ēicin sāruighthe, Laws ii 376.6 Comm. uli eccen ┐ écomland in popuil Rómanaig for in popul Iudaide , LB 154a24 . Freq. in attrib. gen.: forcomul n-ecne `violent seizure' (occupation by force) Laws ii 376.1 . iv 270 z . lanamnas eicne (.i. donither ar eicin), ii 404.14 . connmedh égne forcible billeting RC xviii 194.24 . ni da deoin dochuaid-sium and, acht tre aslach eicni, TTebe 1501 . masa targud eicne tucastur orru do denam in marbtha...ma targud aisi if he led them out by force...if with their consent Laws iii 114.19 C. sí le héigean go n-aghar | ní héidear í d'átaghadh, TD 17.3 . dá mbhentá a chuid tré éigion do dhuine shouldst thou take his goods forcibly Mac Aingil 266 . éigean `violentia' TSh. 7783 . lucht éigne `violenti' 10812 .

In concrete sense, an act of violence, an outrage: is mō .. in écen iná 'n goit, PH 7559 . o fhir na hécni the perpetrator of the outrage 7561 . fer éicne, 7600 . ag agra goidi...ocus saraighthi ocus egni, Laws v 42.19 Comm. cia dobeir inn eicin ┐ inn imluadsa orumsa ?, TTebe 372 . ba hiat eicne doghnítis an loingius-sin...port gacha luingi do loscud ┐ crechad gacha tuaithi..., Lism. L. 2945 . co nderna éccne iomdha i ttuathaib ┐ chellaibh `acts of violence' AFM ii 1150.17 . Cf. éicni fastuda, TBC-LL¹ 5837 . menimthistais écne éc, Ériu v 210.2 . a gcumus...ar éigean ┐ ar mharbhadh daoine, TSh. 1723 . ar an éigin do-rinne Críost ag buain anma an duine dhe, 10515 . cia do lemadh an eigean sin ar a athair CF 310 .

Of a disaster, calamity: roshocht Adraist ar an ecein sin (i.e. the earth swallowing Amphiaraus) TTebe 2972 na heicnea-sea do lecun ar na Tiabandaib, 1616 .

Violation, rape: ecen mire `violating a madwoman' Laws i 176.2 . cu n-aithreosad a heicin muna dernad a toil, ZCP xiii 183.11 . ar bithin eiccni tuc Tir ar a derbshiair .i. Pilomena, TTebe 1862 . adubairt eiccen do thobairt fuirri, 1690 . dá ttugthá éigion mná, Mac Aingil 266 . Here probably belongs: ro órdaig Brigit banfili ...gol ┐ caine marb ┐ eigem fri hecin screaming when violence is offered Dinds. 159 = LL 170bz .

Cf. rucad laeg mo bo a purt éicne uaimse from a place whence it could only be taken by force (?) LL 171a35 = CRR § 3 .

(3) In phr. ar éicin (éicen) by or under compulsion or force: ar écin (gl. coactum) Ml. 18b7 . (gl. invitus) 42a15 . ar ecein, 68b3 . ar ecin nos bered (Simon, qui crucem in angaria portabat) Tur. 134 . ciatasode lat ar écin though thou keep her with thee perforce Wb. 10a10 . fochidi ar écin ...fochidi o thuil compulsory tribulations...voluntary tribulations 15d33 . ceni thaisid ar ois daregaid ar ecin, Ml. 33b15 . mina this ar ais rega ar eigin, YBL 121b11 . LB 228a46 . tabuir ass hi ar áis no ar écin, IT i 130.4 . ar éiccin no ar áis, Ériu iv 228.5 . co tuc Ogeth huad tria chath | ar écin iarna marbad, SR 5292 . IT i 130.21 . berid ar écin Murni for aithed leis, LU 42a12 . RC xxiv 186.16 . at-ib loim ar eicin and, Laws iii 82.8 . dream timairciter ar ecin do denam thole Dé, FA 23 . a furail air ar eicin dul ina coimlepaid, YBL 63b23 . ciall ar éigin d'fhoráil ort, Dán Dé xix 11 . gur gabsat ar eiccin i nDuibhlinn `forcibly landed' Cog. 34.19 . co ndigsitis...ar eicin co port na Troianna, BB 428a25 . ra airgg Hercoil .. in Troí ┐ ra chúaid ḟurri ar ecin, LL 224b39 . 226b8 (= TTr. 556.686 ). co ndeachaidh Cesair ar eiccin for an caistiall, CCath. 6053 . in daim téit ar eigin a tig in airech, Laws v 164.22 Comm. elaid in gilla asa laim ar eicin, YBL 63b30 ( SR 3213 ). Maelir...do dul ar éccin ar Luimneach, AFM iii 146.12 . a marbhadh dhoibh ┐ é ag triall ar eccin uatha `trying to make his escape' 340.14 . The sl. ending is usual in this phr. in early exx., but exx. of the masc. dat. are also common in Mid. Ir. and Early Mod. verse: fala Dhé ar tí mo thréagaidh | gur mhéaduigh mé í ar éigin, Dán Dé vii 11 . MR 54.16 . do bhiadh oirrim Bhanbha Breagh | ag coinnill Annla ar éigean of necessity TD 7.50 . ní ḟuil do cheart ar chrích bhF. ... acht sí d'ḟagháil ar éigean (: gheabh), 17.4 ; 25 , etc. ag dénamh imechta ar eigen d'ionnsaigh an doruis, Rel. Celt. ii 190.3 . ratréta ┐ imghecht ar eigen acasan ga ghenamh `a forced retreat' 198.8 ; 10 . Later also a-réigin: na gnais ach ger decair dul | teit a reicin rig ulad, Lec. 185rb17 ​. ón ngurt a-réigin 'sní ad rioth | o luchd éididh ┐ each, 24 P 8, 212 . Dánta Gr. 39.40 .

adv Hence: with difficulty, hardly: da roib an eslainte so arrsaidh is a reigin foirther hi, YBL 343b4 . as ar eiccin terna an tIarla fein iarna ghuin, AFM vi 2076.13 .

d' é.¤ by force, compulsion: d'éigin nó d'áis, Dán Dé ix 6 (where éigean would improve the metre). d'áis no d'éigion, Each. Iol. 56.2 .

(4) Difficulty, need, trouble, strait; in relation to war: ras nert ┐ ra greiss in rí...im ḟulang cach éicni ┐ cach imnid, LL 219b24 = TTr. 185 . díscart dín in n-ecin fil fornd, LU 63b9 ( TBC-I¹ 742 ). TBC-I¹ 323 . in trén...ro dingbad cach éicen dind, Acall. 6976 . airc na écen, TBC-LL¹ 2896 . don tí d'ḟoirfed sib assin n-éicin sin (of voyagers adrift in a storm), Acall. 3779 . TTebe 2007 . isin moréicin moir sin, Acall. 3775 . i n-écnib ┐ i n-urgalaib, LL 230a10 . Esp. of stress of battle: bai obair cach oen dib a fis a tuiruchta fen ar met a ecni so hard was he pressed Cog. 186.2 . [i] n-eigin irgaili, TTebe 4483 . in ecen engnoma i roibi, 3438 . a n-éigean ḟeadhma, IGT, Decl. ex. 1358 . fa deācair leó Goll do bheith san éigean sin, ML 136.22 . AFM iii 576.9 . do bhí éigean mór ar E. mun amsoin, eadhon sluagh Chuinn go huile, agas urmhór mhaithe Mumhan uile...iona aghaidh agas dobhí éigion budh mó iona sin air, eadhon Goll...dhá thuargainn, ML 30.7 ; 10 . a n-eigen ag Sagsanachuibh sorely pressed by the English Rel. Celt. ii 202.6 . Of a state of strenuous endeavour: bhíos i n-éigean ag gleic = qui in agone contendit TSh. 10610 . Cf. do ṡloig, gídh ar lór d'éigeann | Iaoich idir éide agas airm, Oss. vi 118.23 . Grievous plight; hardship: in ecen ele boi ann, .i. in tan no roinntea in biad...nos bered in tii ba tresi dib a chuit on anbhánd, LB 155b32 . do innseadar a n-éigean agas á n-anbhḟorlann dhó the distress and oppression they were suffering from ML 82.11 . críoch Mhidhe uile a móir-éigean, ina lasrachaibh leathna 84.12 . ar aoi a héiginsi d' fhurtacht `for helping her necessity' Studies 1921, 75 . Dán Dé xxi 4 . 'gan tí 'ga dtám i n-éigin, Dán Dé xxi 3 . ri heicin na hitad sin the urgency of that thirst TTebe 1776 . ón éigean tarta ina rabhadar, Keat. ii 4983 . ag faisnéis an éigin 'na mbí (the soul in purgatory), TSh. 4263 . Sorrow, grief: ba mór a uchbad ┐ a eigen (v.l. an egaine) lais an scelsin do chloistecht, TTebe 4558 .

Fig. stress; overpowering exuberance: gach coll úr re heigin innte | léigidh a ghlún fillti fáoi kneels under stress (of its burden of fruit) KMMisc. 172 § 26 . go raibhe an oiread soin d'éigean féile...i nGaedhealaibh nár lór leo nídh do thabhairt do gach aon dá dtiocfadh...gan cuireadh coitcheann do thabhairt..., Keat. i 4 x .

Need, necessitousness; esp. famine, scarcity: i n-aimsir na hécne in a time of scarcity PH 7553 . cara na héigne the friend in need Dán Dé xiv 6 . xxi 1 . TSh. 9829 . do bhádar mórán díobh a n-éigion (through famine) ML 8.11 . díoth orm is éigin orra, TD 44.4 . With gen. of thing needed: i n-éigean a furtachta wanting help TSh. 4835 . Cf. dál éicne a distressing business: scarad friu bid dál éicne, Ériu v 210.1 .

Cf. éicin.

COMPDS. éicen-broit oppressing bondage, hence heavy sorrow: lān d'imnedh is d'éigeanbhruid [sic leg.], Niall Mac Mhuireadhaigh, Rel. Celt. ii 266.6 .

¤chless violent feats (?): Caille Con Ruí... | fris' fertais óic écen-chless, Metr. Dinds. iii 308.66 .

¤dál a stiff encounter; a distressing position, dangerous strait: airc na écen na écendál, TBC-LL¹ 2896 . cf. 3030 . egindail ainfine `stress of weather' Aen. 1571 ( Aen. vii 199 ). tugadh éccendáil forra, AFM ii 1042 x . comhaonta do chengal doibh im freccra a cheile im gach n-eiccendáil do bhenfad friú, iv 1214.5 . Ua C....d'foirithin as an airc ┐ as an eiccendail i mbaoi ag Ua D., vi 2122.17 . tánaicc an President go marcsluagh ┐ go saighdiuiribh, uair roba cuimhneach lais an eiccendail i mbaoi la Dál cC. an bliadhain roimhe, v 1654.18 . Tadhg mac Eidighain ḟailidh | go hegeandail nir ḟennigh never showed himself a champion save when he met a dangerous encounter ZCP viii 226 § 17 . ba bes do Romanu fāithi...do tocairiud ina ndocum in gach am no tomaithead egendail forru, CCath. 925 . go ndligheann duine éigean-dáil ┐ anfhorlann a chomharsan d'fhóirithin, TSh. 1838 . cechip tan nó tomaithedh égendail ghabhaidh fair, Hugh Roe, 212.5 (f. 56b) . san éigean-dáil ghábhaidh se, TSh. 2083 .

¤gal strenuous valor: TBC-LL¹ 1666 .

? 5 eó

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adj straight: only in etymological glosses: emuin .i. eo-muin, eo rectum vel bonum , O'Mulc. 388 . eochur .i. eo ni is direch, cor a curvo , 369 = eochuir, eo .i. rectum , etc., Corm. Y 546 . Possibly Gk. εὖ, as ed. of Corm. Y suggests. Cf. eo' ainm do gach maith moltar, Metr. Gl., D 56 (cf. graece eu .i. bonum , O'Mulc. 361 ).

1 fó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fó or dil.ie/22335
Last Revised: 2019

 

(for etym. see RC xxxii 195 ) adj. and subst. good ; an O.-Ir. word, in later lang. confined to poetic and archaizing style : fó .i. maith, O'Cl., Lec. Gl. 154 , bonum O'Mulc. 547 . fó ainm do mhaith is do mhíadh, Metr. Gl., Ff. 4 . As pred. : fó díbad (.i. maith a epiltiu), LU 678 ( ACC 31 ). ma dagnet ní airi is fó it is well Mon. Tall. § 2 . fó cach scél, RC xxvi 34.172 . fó (.i. maith) mo cherd láechdachta, LU 6169 . fó mo cosc, Ériu i 118.11 . Cf. in tan ba fó fīrUlltaig, MR 200.5 . sech ba fial ba fíu ba fó, LL 35a21 = Rawl. 84a7 . nī fó LU 3947 ( SCC 44 ). ní fó an fecht dochuadhais, ZCP xiii 172.20 . Cf. gé iarradh neach ní budh mō, | urdail frighedh nī fō fair it is not right to add to it (?) vii 302z (= fó, YBL 318b26 ). Michiae, ba fó fia, SR 7455 . maith fer Patraic ... fó fer Patraic, Trip. 242.24 ( Trip.² 2874 ). maith fer Macc Cecht, fó fer Macc Cecht, BDD 157 . fil fora chend cid fó fer | ... tri foilt, LU 3822 ( SCC 37 ). fo fo cech scel (.i. is maith is maith cach scel), Rawl. 110b12 (= RC xxvi 34 ). fo bioath (= biad) indso `good food this' RC xii 86 . fó Dei (gl. bonus Deus) Auraic. 3341 . fo dia, a Feidlimid! hail! Hib. Min. 66.3 . fodia .i. fo ┐ dies .i. fó láe, O'Mulc. 590 . fó líth .i. sén maith `good luck' O'Cl. is fólíth linn in scéul sin, IT i 128.11 . do A. nirb fo lith, SR 6189 . nír fó líth | liṅges Ír sech Íth, LL 12b25 . fō mind, ZCP xi 109 § 12 . fó sén dia ngaib O. Alpain it was a lucky hour when O. took possession of Alba IT iii 33 § 7 ( Bruchst. i § 4 ). ní fó sén i tancas din tochmarc-sa, TFerbe 95 . fó húar mad mé foglesed, Ériu ii 63 § 1 . IS FÓ LIMM I deem good, like, am satisfied (with ), folld. by subst. or clause : fo lib lige a ai (.i. is maith lib ...) LU 1065 ( ACC 106 ). ba fo leo in frithi, Aen. 360 . is fo lium cia rafesid (gl. non volumus ignorare vos) Wb. 14b20 . fó (.i. maith) leó rodascload nech, Hy v 53 . bid fó lim donísed comartha n-úait, LU 5402 . ni head condaigimm ... ; fó liumm cé notísad de, MacCongl. 21.25 . ba maith dano limsa ... acht bith fó lat so, ZCP viii 310.18 . Sometimes equiv. to is cumma limm I care not, am indifferent: is fo limsa mu laiget my smallness does not trouble me ZCP vii 297 (quoted by O'Cl. under fó .i. cuma). fó limsa ón ... cia théis I don't mind if he go LU 5554 . fó limsa ón ... case [ = cibē St] chruth i mbet, TBC-LL¹ 447 (= cumma lem, LU 4654 ). fo leis gid no rissed ┐ ba fo leis gin co rissed, 2190 (= cuma les St). ba fo laiss cidh ár noláthe for a muintir, acht ... he cared not ... so long as ... CCath. 3730 . bá fó leis a bádhadh féin acht co mbáidhedh a námhait leis, 2155 . IS FÓ DOM it is good (no harm) for me: cid as fó dam ?, Tec. Corm. § 12 . fó duit-siu gid dia mbendaib nochingthe you might safely step TBC-LL¹ 1346 = is cuma duit cid ... chinge St. fó dúib fatchius, 504 . fo duit cia nocotailtea it would be well for thee to sleep Laws i 72.21 Comm.

Rarely attrib. : funchi fó, LU 3054 . fiada fó, LL 278a33 ( Ériu i 68 : `the good God'). ? fri ferccai fōa 'fine warriors', ​BDC 144.632 ​.

As adv. (?) : snigfid fairne [ferna v.l.] fer ga fó, TBC-LL¹ 539 (co fo. go fó v.l.). Compar. ca soithech fithir is fo ? (.i. ca hadbhur oide is ferr), ZCP v 488 § 7 (B. na f.).

As subst. : n. and m. fó n-olc (gl. bonum malum) ZCP vii 480 ( Enchir. Aug. 71a ). is e a fó in fó thall his good is the good yonder (i.e. Heaven) Goid. 94 . ? cáin cach fó, RC xxvi 34 (fou v.l.). cach fó dó ... co ndá (.i. co tuca ... gach maith dó), ZCP v 489 § 13 (B. na f.). nach fō rocólae ┐ nach maith atcondairc, iii 452.12 . Eo Rosa ... fó foirne the good of a multitude (?) LL 200a3 . Cf. is tir hi fuil fó, LU 3058 .

The follg. may contain the gen.: fói leis cía nobeth inti, fói leis cenco beith, TTr.² 1235 ( = foi ... foi, LL 406b51 ). is faoi leis an bhfear ... gion go ndéine inn d'ionnlach | sinn dá chēile coimhdhiomdhach = he is content GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 568 ( DDána 101.48 ).

Compds. Possibly the follg. (if not compds. of the prep. fo): co Feradach Finn Fechtnach fobéo [fobeu v.l.] of happy life (?) ZCP xi 91 § 3 (the corresp. section in A has F.F.F. Fo buan ib. 80 ). Ogam focosach `well-footed' [?] (a kind of Ogham in which the strokes were dotted) Auraic. 6062 . Cf. also: dedol ... .i. dā fhōthadáil. dá dagthodail do dhía, Thr. Ir. Gl. 15 .

1 forba, forbae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 forba, forbae or dil.ie/23335

 

Forms: forbe, forbae, forbae, forbu, forba, -dha, f.

n io, n., later m. (vn. of for-fen). n s. forbe Wb. 3d5 . forbae, 20d16 . a s. forbae, Sg. 147b3 . d s. forbu Wb. 3d6 . Ml. 15a5 . 50c14 . forba (m.; n p. -dha) IGT, Decl. § 2 (p. 39x) .

(a) finishing, completing; end, termination: iar forbu in gnimo, Ml. 15a5 . iar forbu a glíad, Fél. Apr. 19 . iar forba uird in chelebartha, Lat. Lives 84 (= bhforbhudh, Lism. L. 1607 ). o forbu na do[i]ri Babilonda co gein Crist , Rawl. 74a36 = forba na daire ..., BB 6b46 . iar forbai ... na comairle ... dō after he had decided on a plan PH 92 . f.¤ ┐ crich do dul for in forbunn rechtaide la tuidecht soscela, 3450 . crich ┐ f.¤ in tsoegail, 3579 . orba cindti f.¤ a bethad dó as soon as the end of his life was certain BColm. 96.5 . co tanic f.¤ noí mís, Ériu vii 223 . tanic A. asin sruth iar f.¤ na .uii. la .xl., LB 113a29 (= ḟorbad, YBL 159a51 ). sepultus est ... a haithli sechtmogat bliadan do f.¤ ZCP viii 111.29 . i bhf.¤ na seachtmaine, RC xliii 36 § 33 . is me tosach na huili dulai, is me a forbai = principium et finis Fen. 1z . Absol. : in tindscetal ┐ in f.¤ , RC xxiv 192.11 . gach ndereoil ar tus ┐ gach sainemail co forbu at the end Auraic. 519 (= omne bonum postponitur). In local sense: i forbha ┐ i n-imell i[n] tíri, CCath. 1637 . docom an daingin boi i f.¤ in caisil, 3711 .

Used adverbially: f.¤ ráithe do bhí i mbroinn a full quarter, Dán Dé xi 15 . beith f.¤ raithi ag forbaisi ... doibh AU ii 526 .

(b) culmination, crown: indisit ... don forbai ┐ don forciund tṡainemail dorat fa deoid for a rith mbuadai .i. rochtain ... co hattreb parrduis, LB 30b57 (= fhorbadh, Lism. L. 745 ).

(c) perfection, highest point, acme: forbae caíngníma (gl. in omni sapientia et prudentia) Wb. 20d16 .

(d) the best (of a class or number); the greater part (cf. 1 formna): no fiurad f.¤ Ulad uili al-lán do lind used to suffice the whole (or all the nobles ?) of the Ulaid, TFerbe 748 . co tudchaid Aedan ... ┐ f.¤ Saxan ┐ Bretan ┐ fer nAlban imbi YBL 126a18 . gu ndrocair mac righ F. gu bhforbha a mhuinnteri, Caithr. CC § 82 . tiucfat fir Chualann atuaid | f.¤ a sluaig, Acall. 2684 . buailis in ainbhthine forbha in loingis, Marco P. 149 [os fhorbha righ in betha, 142 , may be a misspelling of orb(b)a, q.v.]. f.¤ ar n-ech is forbha ar sēd, ZCP viii 548.22 (= formna, TBC-LL¹ 1673 ). Goill Rosa Comain uile d'[ḟ]orba do marbadh, AU ii 408 (= urmhór Gall R.C. do marbadh, AFM 1307 , see formór). ba suail ná rochuirset do láthair in dá oirecht eturru ┐ f.¤ in chóicid ar chena, SG 63.30 = CCellaig 871 (`it wanted but little of both Iracht's extinction, or even of the whole province brought to an end' SG ii 67 , but there is no disjunction in the Irish here: they all but overthrew the two assemblies and the best of the remainder of the province ?).

Cf. attá sund f.¤ fessa fer ṅHerenn, LL 129b47 . docuatar-san i forbha a bhfesa ┐ a n-eolusa (of druids resorting to their magic) RC xliii 36 § 33 (corresp. to: i formna a feasa, etc. 48 § 36. See 1 formna). tuc f.¤ n-ecomluinn ┐ sinedh romor for a churp (of a violent effort), 42 § 40 .

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