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1 fis, fius

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fis, fius or dil.ie/22221
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fius(s), fis, fius, fiss, fius(s), dús, fis(s), fesso, fessa, feasa, ḟiss, fessa, fess, fessa, fhios, fess, fess

n u and o, n. later m. (used as vn. of ro-finnadar, ro-fitir). O.Ir. forms : n s. fius(s), Wb. 10b27 . 10c1 . 30a8 . b16 . Sg. 209b26 . fis, Ml. 46c24 (usual Mid. Ir. spelling). a s. cen fius , Wb. 25c4 . fiss, Hy vii 55 . d s. fius(s), Wb. 16d12 . 28b23 . Sg. 209a6 . Thes. ii 36.28 (also in petrified phr. duús, dús < do ḟius. See Strachan, Phil. Soc. Trans. 259 § 33 ). fis(s), Ml. 61a13 . Thes. ii 19.33 . g s. fesso, Wb. 14d30 . fessa, 26d15 . LB 72b5 . feasa, TSh. 310 . ind ḟiss , Wb. 5c16 . Sg. 33a27 . Mid. Ir. generally fessa, but forms fluctuate : mac Roḟis, RC xxvi 30 § 132 . mac Roḟessa, § 135 . n a p. fess (neut. form) Ml. 73b7 . 128d10 . Thes. ii 27.34 . Mid. Ir. fessa.

I

(a) the act of finding out or ascertaining ; knowledge, information , with obj. gen. : f.¤ timnae nDae, Ml. 46c24 . fiuss do a muntire knowledge to him of his household Wb. 30b16 . ba coir do fiuss inna n-ídol it were right for him to have knowledge of the idols 10c1 . f.¤ cech neich ┐ cech belra occa he has knowledge of all things, etc. PH 1975 . i n-ecmais a ḟessa ┐ a eolusa in absence of knowledge of the matter TBC-LL¹ 1561 . ar ffaghbhail a ḟesa co mbaoi Ua C. dia bhrath, AFM vi 2248.11 . d'fhagháil fheasa ┐ eólais ar an somharbhthacht, TSh. 310 . ni mō inā ic Dia itā a f.¤ `God alone knows' Cog. 184.34 . do chúalaidh éighmhe ... ┐ adubert a fhis cia do denadh an éigheam, Imr. Brain i 59.7 (= a fhios do thabairt cuige, ZCP xvii 349 ). do-bhéaram dhuit ... fios t'uaisle I shall tell thee of TD 30.22 . crann feasa maitheasa ┐ uilc, Gen. ii 9 . Rarely folld. by prep. : cf. do lou brāthai cech f.¤ fīrtait all tidings of the Day of Judgment ACL iii 303.26 . guid-si in Coimdhi ma f.¤ im ar comarlecad to find out whether we shall be allowed 225.7 . F.¤ SCÉL tidings, information: ar lainni fesso scél on techtairiu because of the eagerness for tidings Wb. 14d30 . táncamár dot ḟ.¤ scél to get tidings of thee LU 2334 . foidid C. Loeg dia ḟ.¤ (do f.¤ LU) scēl dūs cia cruth mbotha, TBC-I¹ 1572 . fios a sgéal tiding about him PBocht 20.13 . Common with proleptic poss. pron. and folld. by subst. or dependent clause : a fiss mad āil duit | dechair maith ┐ mōrhuilcc if thou wishest to learn the difference SR 1329 . is mó a fius deitsiu a ndorigeni di maith (gl. melius tu nosti) Wb. 30a8 . bíd a fhis lib cor cretset na gennti, PH 2302 . rob ail liumsa a ḟ.¤ d'ḟagbail uaitsiu cia icá raibe in dúnad, Acall. 2632 . beag a fhios agad ... cia misi, Studies 1924, 243 . fagh a f.¤ damh in beó nó in marb C., CCC 113.3 . CEN Ḟ. : cen fius dúib without your knowing Wb. 25c4 . In loose constr., where proleptic pron. might be expected : cen fis do neoch a beith aice none knowing that he had it PH 56 . cen f.¤ accu beos he buden ina cristaige ib. (Absol. ) secretly, unnoticed: ni berend in gadaige leis acht a mbeir cen fh.¤ PH 7574 . ac foraire co nach bereadh Conall orra gan f.¤ , CCC 118x . ? ná briss ḟorm lugi gan ḟess, TBC-LL¹ 3507 (cf. 2 feis). CO F.¤ : cin co fiss guilt incurred wittingly ACL iii 222y . CO F.¤ DOM with my knowledge ; so far as I know: co f.¤ dō nacha dligenn knowing that he is not entitled to do so Laws iv 58.10 Comm. go bhfios damh, TD 3.38 . go bfios dhuit féin, Mac Aingil 144.11 .

DO F.¤ (fius)

(1 ) to find out, to investigate (see also dús) : doregat ... do fis ind adamri-sin, Ml. 61a13 . táet L. lat ... d'f.¤ in tiri, LU 3348 ( SCC 13 ). ticed ... d'is cech réta, LU 3654 ( SCC 32 ). liaig ... d'ḟ.¤ galair cach aen uile, ACL iii 223 . téid ... d'ḟios na habhann, Keat. iii 2590 .

(2 ) folld. by depend. interrog. clause : do fius cid lae sechtmaine forsombi, Thes. ii 36.28 . C. do lecud uadib da ḟiss cid bái sind áth, TBC-LL¹ 706 . techt do saigidh a mban dia fiss in iat a cuirp dobatar [ann], ACL iii 224.27 . gur scrīp ... go rīgh F. ... dia fhioss crēd badh indēnta riu, Fl. Earls 22.12 . Folld. by dús : ised tancamar da f.¤ dús in rosgab ..., LB 63a33 ( IT i 40 ). dia ḟ.¤ dús in díriuch m'urchor, TBC-LL¹ 1185 . Cf. is ē roduc for fis Cathair, Rawl. 116c6 ( Ält. Ir. Dicht. 15n .).

(3 ) to seek, visit: dochuaid E. d'ḟiss a brathar, IT i 121.19 (cf. ar f.¤ Labrada, LU 3624 , SCC 31 ). ni thancubar dom fhiss (= non visitastis me) PH 6160 . adhaigh dhamhsa do fhios Bhria[i]n one night I visited B. Ériu i 96.28 . tic ... d'fís a mic, RC v 198z . go bhfuil d'ḟiachaibh orruinn an t-aifrionn d'ḟios ┐ d'eisteacht, Eochairsg. 106.26 . nach déin an bás moill gan teacht d'fhios gach aoin, TSh. 87 . ar ngealladh d'fhios a uaighe to visit his tomb Dán Dé iv 27 . Somet. simply = towards: d'fhios an dhorais, Ó Héodhusa 9.6 .

(4 ) rarely folld. by depend. affirm. clause with co = that it may be known: gabar in pater i sanais ... dia fh.¤ conid comfhocus in comdiu ... to show that the Lord is nigh PH 8001 . is aire atberad ... comtar lána ón spirut noeb, dia fhis co na talla spirut aile accu, 5479 . Cf. ricob ... d'ḟ.¤ mo genais to prove my chastity Ériu vii 229.9 . d'fios a lámhaigh to test their shooting SGS iv 64 § 23 .

FO F.¤ to, towards: gluaisid ... fa fhios caithleomhain Cláir S., Ir. Monthly 1926, 472 . IAR F.¤ when revealed, made known: fiachach cach folludh iar f.¤ every neglect is liable after it has been found out Laws i 264.16 . fuisitiu cach ra[i]th iar f.¤ after due cognizance (of notice in case of contracts due to persons whose interests are affected) ZCP xv 252 § 9 . as iarna ḟios do chluinim (= I hear on good authority) ZCP i 62 § 45 . CÁ F.¤ (folld. by dep. neg. or interr. clause) who knows but ? perhaps: ca f.¤ nach dinghnad mo comurle ?, ZCP vi 92.23 . cá fios nach tiucfadh ad theagh ?, Studies 1924, 243 . gá fios nach faicfe... ?, Dán Dé xxv 30 . ga fios nach aimeosainn ib , 23 F 16, 8 ; 23 L 17, 95b ( O'Gr. Cat. 456 reads `fhios'). gá fios damh ... an mbiam an uair oile ann ? how know I if I shall live another hour ? TSh. 1826 = Dán Dé v 5 . gá fios an tnúth cáir `who knows whether it be fitting envy ?' SGS iv 60 § 7 . As alleg. npr. m. : Fis mac Aithfis (a druid) RC xliii 24 § 23 .

(b) absol. or with subj. gen. that which is known ; knowledge (as an intellectual acquisition) : one of the gifts of the Spirit, dist. fr. 1 ecna(e) `wisdom' and int(ṡ)liucht `understanding' ZCP v 499 § 4 . f.¤ ... .i. etargna, O'Mulc. 545 . ɔrop éula i fiuss et æcnu (gl. doctorem) Wb. 28b23 . ind ḟiss asberar michanicé of the science called `mêchanicê ' Sg. 33a27 . fri fegi f.¤ `against the keenness of science' Thes. ii 293.23 . fri cech fiss arachuiliu corp ┐ anmain, 357.9 ( Hy vii 55 ). [multitudo scientiae] .i. immad fessa ┐ ecna, PH 6237 . ba laind [sic leg.] lais a scela ┐ a f.¤ do cloistecht his lore Ériu v 20.19 . uisge ┐ fios fuair an dall, PBocht 10.33 (ref. to the blind man who received sight and the power to read, Lism. L. 60 ). fios an dá Ríoghsa the true account of these two kings Studies 1932, 140 . níp riágol cen ḟiss rule without knowledge Ériu iii 104.1 . in tres fis is mó rofaillsiged dó riam one of the three greatest revelations Acall. 2663 . eochair fessa foglaim ZCP vi 270 § 10 . ranna do ḟromhadh bhar bhfis to prove your story Content. v 156 . dét fis tooth of knowledge (`the tooth under which Finn placed his thumb to obtain revelations ; cf. Fr. dent de sagesse, Eng. wisdom-tooth', Stokes, Acall. Gloss. s.v. dét ) : tuc a ordain fó a dét fis, ┐ do faillsiged fírinne dhó, Acall. 203 . 1835 . beich fesa ┐ beich aerda ┐beich cundtabartacha ┐ anfesa 'bees of known origin and bees in the air and bees of doubtful origin and [bees] of unknown origin', Bechbretha 182 (a) ​. The meaning occult knowledge, revelation , is probably the one in such exx. as the follg. : lucht fessa ┐ eolais (i.e. soothsayers) CCath. 921 . popul na druidecda, popal iatsén da fognaitis fesa ┐ faistine 725 . rofoghluinnset na hingina fessa ┐ duile ┐ amaidecht, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.15 . fir co morḟiss ┐ go mórḟastine ┐ druidect TBC-LL¹ 1453 . Cf. fuba co fessaib ... .i. ... pisoga do [denum dó], O'Dav. 930 . fis ogh (conventional etymological gloss on fásach 'legal precedent'), Ériu xxxii 88 .

(c) a message, notice, summons: in uaitsiu rosiacht f.¤whether the message came from thee LU 3660 ( SCC 32 ). berair in f.¤ sin chuci, LU 5848 . dobir fiss don chill brings the news BColm. 96.20 . CUIRID F.¤ (AR, CO) sends word to, sends for, summons: cuiris C. fios go hAlbain i gcoinne saoir C. sent to Scotland for a wright Keat. ii 5236 . do cuir fis ar ceann Manannain ... do caitheamh na fleidhi `sent for M. to partake of' Ériu xi 188 x . cuiris A. fios ar chloinn R. ... dia radh riú ... teacht, Content. xxviii. 15 . do chuir M. fios oile ar chend Eirc also sent to E. CCC 75.12 . cuiris fios go Fionn ... Magnus ... do theacht `sent word to F. that M. had come' Duan. F. ii 320 . With ellipse of vb. : fiss uait co Fiac[h]a send word to F. LL 297b15 ( SG 365.15 ). f.¤ a ndeadhaigh mo secht mac send for MR 44.5 . fios ar a c[h]end co cloinn Neill ZCP viii 221 § 42 . In pl. tidings, summons (somet. apparently messengers) : fáitti fessa ┐ tec[h]ta uait-siu cot chairdib, CRR 7 . ra fáittea fessa ┐ techtaireda ar cend Ḟ., TBC-LL¹ 3012 . do riachtadur fessa ó rig M. ar cend naemPátraic co mbeth ara tṡoiscela, Acall. 5384 (`messengers ... to fetch P. and to tell him that the king would adhere to his gospel' SG ii 232 ). eirghit fesa uaibh dia saigid, Lism. L. 2975 .

(d) description, appellation , an extension of (a) : Ser Gyi o Berbuic m'ainm ┐ m'ḟ.¤ ┐ m'eolus ... ag sluaghaibh Saxan, ZCP vi 30.16 .

(e) in B. na filed honour, generosity: ar fios (.i. gart .i. einech), ZCP v 285 § 4 .

(f) transf. a learned man, a sage ? ceithri fis isna cathrachaib, sin .i. Morfeasa ... is iat na .iii. filid ... (of the sages of the Tuatha D.D.) BB 32a25 (= cetri druid isna cetri cathrachaib etc. RC xii 58 § 7 ).

II In n a p. inna fess , Ml. 128d10 ; Thes. ii 27.34 ( BCr. 39b1 ) ; isna fess , Ml. 73b7 (gl. scita in all cases) f.¤ seems to be used as a participle known ; See 1 fes(s), and GOI Translators' Note no. 68 . cf. also phr. : is f.¤ dom I know: is f.¤ dún conid mór in bert, TBC-LL¹ 1222 . See also Wb. 10c2 where Thes. editors read : is [an]d [is] fius do dia he is known to God.

Compd. fis-ecna knowledge and wisdom: fisegna, ZCP x 44.29 . See also fiscomarc.

immurgu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immurgu or dil.ie/27968

 

Forms: immorro, im, imr, imurgu, immurgu, immurgo, imargu, immurco, immargu, imarcco, immoro, ummoro, immurro, imuro, imorú, imoru, imoro, imora, imuro, immorru, amorra

adv Mid. Ir. immorro. Rarely written in full in MSS., generally in contracted forms im, imr. Spellings: imurgu, Wb. 33a5 . immurgu, Ml. 34a16 . immurgo, Mon. Tall. 148.11 . imargu, 129.10 . immurco, 138.21 , 155.31 . immargu, Ériu vii 162.27 . imarcco, D IV 2 40rb39 . immoro, LL 238a40 . ummoro, IT iii 504.587 ( LL 257b13 ). immurro, IT iii 76.15 . imuro, 37 n. 21 . imorú, Hib. Min. 16.29 . imoru, ib. y 0 . imoro, 18.18 . imora, Alex. 931 n. 9 . imuro, Plummer MS. notes (< Laud. 610, fo. 82b1 ). immorru, Imr. Brain § 61. amorra, C I 3, 45b1 .

Immurgu (? imm-ro-gáu, GOI § 907 ) never occurs at the beginning of a sentence and was stressed on the second syllable as its use in poetry shows: amorra ┐ cheana ┐ idir ... focail nach berar ara cheill iad ┐ as c. comardadh riu adhon ... ni bia mo mheithealsa amorra | gan leith-shearsa leanna, C I 3, 45b1 . aniú iomorra gan mearbhaill, Content. xxii 10.

Used as conj. and adv. with adversative force or emphasizing the previous word or phrace, however, moreover, well, then, now, indeed, in truth, but , etc. :

I With adversative force serves to contradict or modify a previous statement or something implied in it, or to express contrast with what has just been said = however (autem) : ní thucci mo menme immurgu gl. nam si orem lingua spiritus meus orat mens autem mea sine fructu est, Wb. 12d11 . ithésidi immurgu beta hícthi `it is they, however, (and not the aforementioned) who shall be saved,' 3d29 . is beo ind anim tri sodin is marb in corp immurgu trisna senpecthu, 4a6 . dosnicfa cobir cid mall bith maith immurgu intain dondiccfa, 5c5 . rubu fersom muintere ... nirbu choimdiu imurgu `he had been a man of (the) household ... he had not been a lord however,' 33a5 . ní boi immurgu hi cridiu gl. humanitatem quidem uerbis, Ml. 34a16 . ní ar indí asndarobartis immurgu inna briathra hisin, 31b22 . ba cunda[il] sem immurgu `he was sage however,' Thes. ii 291.6 . denúas dotiagar hisatech ... sis iarsuidiu ... dotiagar ass immurgu `from above is the coming into the house ... beneath, afterwards, is the coming out, however,' Thes. ii 292.20 ( Ml. Poems II ).

In O.Ir. combined as strengthening particle with cammaiph and 1 noch and 2 ocus : camaip immurgu oen cháractar f, `we have, however, formed one character f,' Sg. 9a22 . noch immurgu ní rolsat som cumachtae ṅdé diib `however they notwithstanding did not cast the power of God from them,' Ml. 16d2 . guth sechmadachti ┐ todochaidi immurgu `a word of the preterite and at the same time of the future,' Sg. 147b7 . issinn aithrech a ndoriṅgénsam risin fer ind ingen immorro atbélat a bbéoilside, TBFr. 246. vir immorru a virtute anima in tribulationeis ` `vir,' however, (i.e. in contradistinction to `homo'),' ... Hib. Min. 457. persa na laidhe imorro Dubhthach `but the author of the poem (i.e. as opposed to the authors of the Senchas) was D.', Laws i 4.13 . muna fidir imurro ... [is] slan dí `on the other hand if she does not know she is guiltless,' iv 60.y . uball quasi aball, aball immorro ō burg Etāile dianit ainm Abellanium A., however, comes from ..., Corm. Y 1272 ( Anecd. iv 111 ). ni tarat immurgu do Chonnachtaib acht dā c[h]ois na-mmucce, Sc.M² § 18. his taithbingith immargu nachiddeni ar oen in cethardi-se `on the other hand anyone who does not do it for one of these four reasons is a fault finder,' Ériu vii 162.27 . lecsiu immurgo ildeth (sic) nde mess for a menmainsom `leave it, however, to God to judge the mind of such' (viz. and do not refuse them the sacraments), Mon. Tall. 148.11 . bes biaid immurgo láad muindtirisiu ní nodglanai tene brathai `thy monks, however, (viz. in contradistinction to mine) shall perchance have sometimg for the fire of doom to cleanse,' 130.2 . achd ni Maolrúoin imargu asrubart frissim ón `it was not, however, Maelruain that had told him to do this,' 129.10 . éisem ro ba anmchara dí-si, bái sí immorro oc a thothlugud-som `he was her confessor but she was soliciting him,' Ériu i 68.2 . inghen immorro tusa ┐ nī rochinnis t'óighe co se `you, however, are an unmarried girl and have not dedicated your virginity so far,' ACL iii 309.12 . `cid on, a maic ... nach fetur-sa' `nat fetur-sa immurgu' `I do not know it however' (=even if I should know), BColm. 76.5 . ba dímicin mór leo Fergus dia tabairt hi tindscra ... roptar buidig immorro do Chonchobor ar a degthindnacul dóib all the same they were thankful to C., Ériu iv 24.13 . do bhríogh go mbí onóir ar an seabhac ré linn a bheatha ... an chearc iomorra, léigthear san laithigh dhi ré linn a beatha, TSh. 923. atá an eaglas Romhánach na héineaglais ... na heiricidh iomoro as beag dhíobh nách bí contrárdha dá chéile, Ó Héodhusa 34.7.

II With emphasising force, moreover, besides, now, then, verily, indeed:

(a) to add an additional statement : nísnaiccilled san immorru acht dusnéced nammá, Imr. Brain § 61. dorigne Dia imorro in rigthech uachtarach do shlog amra airchaingel `moreover, God made for the ...,' Todd Lect. iii 38.1 .

(b) to continue a narrative now, then: is e imorro a n-airem na slog sin `now this is the reckoning of those hosts,' Todd Lect. iii 42.26 . ro-érig immorro Conchobor mochtrath ar n-a barach `now C. arose early on the morrow,' CRR § 14. dála iomorro Cairbre Niaidh Fear, CRR² § 28. ó thainigc immurgu cusna dēdenchu (sic leg.) `now when his end was approaching,' BColm. 106.1 . is e adbar, imorro, fa tainic an diabul `now this is the cause why the Devil came,' BCC 378.25 . a n-inbaidh na huaire ... sin immorro `at that particular time then,' Fl. Earls 114.3 .

(c) as strengthening particle indeed, verily (sometimes with slightly implied opposition to a previous statement) : `is anim dún nad-fil is taig' `atá immurgu' ol Conall oc tabairt chinn Ánlúain assa chriss, Sc.M² § 16. "úair ní th'ari-siu téit ria" "téit immorro" ar in gilla `for it is no business of yours' `it is indeed,' said the servant,' Ériu i 134.5 . cade didiu bar fisse? or Fiachnai. nī ansa immurgu, viii 157.20 . is hí immurco foropir cáich lindi indsin `this, indeed, is what we consider to be the additional labour of each man,' Mon. Tall. 133.11 . "in ba i tossaig no fain deriud?" "i tossaig imorro" or sisi, Mór M. § 1. ni ar meth gascid ... dorochrabair-si acht forlond do imbirt foraib ┐ ummoro tra, ar si, darochair far comlund lib-si, IT iii 504.587 .