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ball

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ball or dil.ie/5299
Last Revised: 2019

n o, m. (see ZCP xxiii 300 , LEIA B-12 , Études Celt. xxvii 187-88 ). Treated as n. in: cach ṁb.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5950.

(a) limb, member, organ (used of any portion of the body): is b.¤ di crist in fer, Wb. 22c9 . hore adi[b] boill crist, b10 . báll, Wb. 12 a 18 . tria huili baullo ┐ gnímo, Thes. ii 252.16 (Stowe M.). in gét a bullu ar crist . . . ? Wb. 9d4 . far nuili baullu gl. membra uestra, 3b26 . 12b12 . tre thesbaid naich baill, Sg. 5a5 . cach súg bís isnaib ballaib gl. sucum membrorum, Ml. 44d8 . innam (inna, MS.) b.¤ tuisten gl. locorum genitalium, 58b2 . clam dia tuititis a baild, Vita Br. 25. fo comdecsain in boill in roclannadh in crécht, Bretha 30 n. 5 . issé b.¤ fo a taet imdergæ (the face), O'Mulc. 403. is b.¤ cēta-geinit[h]er (the head), 217 . cach b.¤ de, LU 5014 (TBC). cor bo b.¤ da ballaib a mac, TBC-LL¹ 2931. iar mballaibh limb by limb, BB 365bz . ni boi b.¤ de cen pian fo leith acht a thenga nama, PH 2871. ní fhaca aon ball de gan éideadh acht a shúile ┐ a chosa, Ériu i 88 § 35. le comailt na mb.¤ foirimillach `the extremities', O'Gr. Cat. 193.32. na mb. oilemhnach `of the organs of nutrition', 206.22 . Reg. San. 30.15 . ona ballaibh ainmidhi . . ona ballaibh spirutalta `the animal parts . . . the spiritual parts', 8 , 11 . teid dindsaige … na mball spirudalda `goes to … the organs of respiration´ Ériu x 146 § 2 . boill Dé . . . do thabhairt to swear by God's limbs, Donlevy 74.5 . baill do dénam di to dismember: dogentar boill dítt, Fier. 116 . boill bheacca do denamh da corp, AFM iv 658.z. Of male and female genitalia : b.¤ ferda membrum virile. labrum anois mar is coir in ball bannda d'fairsingiugad i n-aimsir na nidhan, Irish Texts v 36 § 19 . osa minca ghallraighter iad o chuis na geineamhna ┐ co lanmor gallraighter iad timcheall na mball nadurdha, Irish Texts v 12.23 (of women). See ferda . Cf. do b.¤ feili pudendum tuum , YBL 208ax . coro benta do láim dona trí ballaib filet acut da ndeine do chlaind, RC xiii 66 § 64. ? Fiachra Cassán . . . / da biach bar baill bróe atróe, LL 6075.

(b) Fig. member of community (cf. mem(m)ar, 1 cenn): o thair in b.¤ eineclunn . . . a dualgus in cind `the follower', Laws i 62.23 Comm. ; glossing memmar, iv 196.23 , v 360.1 . a crochad do ballaib diabuil .i. do Iúdaidib, PH 4870. boill don aoinEaglais, Desid. 4074. arna cennaib, ┐ ar na ballaibh, RSClára 29b . ? gidh eadh níor theith, níor thuill guth / go breith gach bhoill don Bharrach, DDána 87.8 `but won the approval of every side (?)', Ir. Monthly 1928, 549 .

(c) Of inanimate objects part, portion, piece; article, object: im ocht mbullu arafognat muillond `eight parts', Laws i 124.17 . go ffuil ina b.¤ coimesa token, testimony, ZCP x 20 v.l. (go ffuil sin ar cuimhne, text). do bud b.¤ cruaidh coimessa, Irish Texts ii 11 § 10. ballorb .i. ball do forbau na filideachta aicce, Auraic. 1305. b.¤ éigin dom ealadhain `a small example of my art', Aithd. D. 40.21 . b.¤ oibri, IGT Decl. ex. 54. re cois gach boill don leine, Stair Erc. 2513. b.¤ óirnéisi = instrument, Isaiah liv 16. b., dadum . . . `an atom, point, spot ', Eg. Gl. 80. In abstract sense, quality, faculty: cía bald ba dech dó nógébad di cleircecht `which attribute of the clerical character', Mon. Tall. 158.30 (§ 76) . ? ball einigh, Magauran 4381 (`a point of generosity'). Gramm. of part of a verb: fríssin bréthir as sum no fria baullu, Thes. ii 228.36 ( PCr. 61b2 ). sum coná ballib, Sg. 193b8 . cia b.¤ in brethir?, Auraic. 322.

(d) place, spot; of a book, passage: an b.¤ na ted sé a ferann na fine where, in the event that, O'Curry 2233 ( Eg. 88, 17a ). ní cuala me an oiread sin do ghuithibh daoine ar aonbh. riamh, CF Eg. 150. a ngach uile bh.¤ (= in every place), Proverbs xv 3. ag míniughadh an bhoill úd 'san tsean-reacht, Eochairsg. 10.30 . contrardha dhó féin a niomad do bhallaibh (of a heretic), Ó Héodhusa 34.11 .

ar (an m)b.¤ immediately, forthwith, at once: ar b.¤ d'eís an t-anam da fhagbhail, Rule of Tallaght § 29. táinig an cléireach ar b.¤ , Oss. iii 278.11 . mo chur ar an mb.¤ go hifrionn, Desid. 1168. air b.¤ (= straightway ), Proverbs vii 22. air a mb.¤ , Donlevy 186.26 . duine bhreathnuigheas a ghnúis a sgáthan . . . ┐ dhearmadas air b.¤ a chruth féin, 220.18 .

(e) spot, mark, blemish: Echu Ballderg . . . co rabai in b.¤ sin inna churp do chomurthu ind ḟerta, Trip.² 2419 - 20 . do ballaib bithchorcra co ndeirgi fola laíg, BDD² 37. ní fuil / b.¤ ar an flaith romferguigh, Ériu iv 220 § 28. madh glan an corp don taoibh thall / b.¤ ar a chaoin níor locht liom, Dán Dé xxvii 31 . do bhídis na baill chorcra / ortha d'éis gach ionnalta, A. Ó Dálaigh li 18. tí nó b.¤ dearg ar a láimh, Keat. ii 2265. ? sreath do chaolach bhán go a barr / clár ball gcraobhach ós a cionn, DDána 119.28 (from a description of a castle).

Compds. With adjj.: a bé barrbude balbán (read ballb., n.) white-limbed , TFerbe 798 . ba bradanaib becca ballbreca speckled , TTebe 3520 . bradán ballc[h]orcra, ML² 498. Eochaid Scandail .i. ballderg red-spotted , LL 322e36 . Colman Baldub, 366g29 . in ballgel Baluíne, Fél. Oct. 4. Bran Berba ballglaine `fleckenreinen', Bruchst. 8 § 9. in ballglandu, . . . / Moire Magdallda fair-limbed, ZCP x 46.21 . tond ban ballglass bright-flecked , Anecd. i 54 § 30. ben bán ballmass, 69 § 163 .

With nouns: calmach um nach faghar fuacht / a bhalbhruth gan bladhadh mbharc (sic) `the fire from his limbs', Magauran 1660 . ag flaith ballDaile of the speckled Dail (a river), DDána 83.11 .

With vnn.: an talamh ar baill-chrioth ┐ bioth-luasgadh, TSh. 1039. gan a mballghabháil ní bhíd `they put forth ever fresh growths', Magauran 340 (`branching', note).

In compd. serc-ball, see serc compds. Cf. phr. ball seirce (in oral tradition), ITS xlviii Introd. xxvii.

bedban

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bedban or dil.ie/5540

n b.¤ .i. bradan , Goid. 77 § 128 (Dúil Laithne).

2 bolg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bolg or dil.ie/6348
Last Revised: 2013

ā f.

balg (an tsrotha) f. (bolg balg an tṡréin ┐ an tṡrotha ┐ an easa ┐ an iomhuis do baininnsgne, v.l.), , IGT Decl. § 39 (91.17) . b.¤ ā, f., § 158 . Occas. m. in Class. verse, Ériu xl 181 .

(a) bubble : b.¤ uisce, Corm. 6. na (= ina) builg nó na dluim uisque, O'Dav. 259. ina mbolcaib corcardaib like crimson bubbles, Dinds. 59. da builg uaine inte i n-inber (sic leg.) Sabrainde (one of the wonders of the Island of Britain), Todd Nenn. 114.5 . LBretnach 77.1 . ó bholgaibh tonn `from the heaving billows' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 48.39 . Fig. a bh.¤ fichigh fionnṡroth dtréan (to a prince), DDána 92.45 .

(b) blister : `fearb' as ainm . . . do bhoilg can imshnim, Metr. Gl. 4.15 . arnaib bolcaib . . . .i. bolca finda són astoitis for corpaib innan doine gl. pro uesicis candentibus, Ml. 99a4 . co ro imfuilngiter na bolga for a gruaidib iar mbreith na claenbreth, Laws iv 16.6 Comm. leos .i. imdergad no leos (.i. lesa, v.l.) .i. bolga . . ., O'Dav. 1154. Cf. compds. infra. na drúith ┐ na glámma . . . go tócbaitís teora bolga bar a agid, TBC-LL¹ 3019. no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun . . . co n-aprad-som fri Conchobar: Mebais din boilgg innocht a Ch. (Bricriu), TBC-LL¹ p. 892 n.4 . b.¤ na dhíaigh ar míonb[h]un meóir (a colt), Bard. Synt. Tr. 21.y . Note also: bradán as gach bailg don iuchraidh ` roe-corn ' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 61.13 .

(c) berry; bud : bolco . . . meit chend daini, Anecd. i 69 § 168 (ICM). araill dina bolgaib pods, ZCP xxx 137.39 (Alex.). tibit fidraid .i. bolga in blatha `buds (?),' RC xxvi 32 § 152 and 33 n. 10 . cainnle na mbalg mbuan `the stalks that bear the constant pods', SG 245.41 . Various: b.¤ belc(h)e see belc(h)e. co curtar a mbolga for na srothaibh `husks' (of hazel nuts), IT iii 195 § 35. seólaidh bhar mbolcca corra / go borraibh loma Lochlann `hulls', Duan. F. i xxix 3 .

(d) boss, ball : bopulsciath . . . cona deich findbolggaib fichet findruine, LL 24892. sréin delinecha friu .i. bolga dergóir isindara liniu ┐ bolga airgit . . . isin líne aile, TFerbe 12 , 13 . go gcloich buabhaill, go mbuilg sréin, DDána 119.29 .

Compds. (belonging both to 1 bolg and 2 bolg)

(a) With nouns: tar bolgonfad . . . blāithche `swelling . . . waves', MacCongl. 85.18 = tar bocanfad, 119.37 . iar mbolc-bráen `after heavy showers', Stud. Hib. iv 74 § 77. bolgdéra móra fola, LL 13823. boilgléasa ` blisters ', Keat. iii 516 . bolg-medón `paunchy belly', Metr. Dinds. iv 140.1 . do forlionadh a bulgphocoide `pouch' (for gunpowder), Hugh Roe 172.14 . etir . . . bogha ┐ bolgṡaighid, RC xviii 182.9 (Tig.). brec[h]tar-breacad do bolg-semannaib . . . fuirri `of bulging rivets', CCath. 4723. fri gáith . . . n-errchaide im bolg-s[h]liss Márta swelling side, MacCongl. 63.9 . Nás na mboilgṡreabh mbinn, DDána 68.12 . it é . . . bolcsróin with distended nostrils (horses), BDD² 464.

(b) With adjj.: conid tarla bolgḟáen `so that he was cast prostrate', TBC-LL² 1648 . bliadain do Lorcan na long / diamair is bolclan a bharr, BB 56b33 (= bocban a band, LL 4332 ). bocnár (bolcnár, v.l.), LL 4292. cenéle dáileman: . . . bolcsrónach brocóiti, Triads 231 . belremur bolcsuilech with protruding eyes, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). bolccṡuilech, CCath. 4736. See ferbolg, menbolg.

bratán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bratán or dil.ie/6576
Last Revised: 2013

n o, m. (1 brat). See LEIA B-80 . ? Originally a noa term ZCP xlvi 168 . Name of a fish, freq. specifically salmon (see , éicne, magar, maigre) : bradān .i. bir-fud-ēn .i. ēn bīs ar fud in usci, Corm. Y 158 , 1018 (ex. cited s.v. 2 orc). maighre .i. bradán , O'Cl. , Eg. Gl. 454. [noco] bíat brattána isind abainn sin = pisces magni ( Ardm. 10rb12 ), Trip.² 741. ní gaibter brattán (bratána, v.l.) indi isind inbuid se i ngaimriud . . . ró gabsat éicne móra, 1636 . i mmedon īach .i. bratan, Thes. ii 345.14 . Auraic. 5599 , ex. cited s.v. 4 é. do choic bargenaib, mod n-án / ┐ don dá oenbratan, SR 7624. Cf. na dá iasc, 7626 . frithi dam bratan béodha ([m]b.¤ , text), Anecd. i 73 § 206 (ICM), bratan gl. ich, § 207 n . íar nglenamain cnáma bratan ina bragit, LU 4058. a leth 'na bratan ro boi (of a mermaid), 3061 . in lebedan do na bratanaib the whale (as chief) of fishes, PH 6383. na bratana tiagait innti (sc. Muir Marb) . . . eplit focetoir innti `the fish', ZCP xvii 232.26 . do tharr in bradain = de ventre salmonis, Reg. San. 26.1 . bratan isin Bhoaind roghabh / iascaire thighi in Broghadh `salmon', ZCP xi 43 § 36.

Somet. fry, a young fish : in tan is bratan bec dottrascair (said as a taunt), LU 6204. hé maccan ro lamnad de / bratan algan airgdide, 4314 . is don bratān (b. bricc, v.l.) dothaet eó the fry becomes a salmon, Ériu ix 49 § 34.

Fig. bradán Life (of a hero), DDána 117.41 . In phr. b.¤ bethad pulse, life, spirit : an bradan bethadh baoi fo bruinde F.D. ro ela uadha, ZCP x 297.15 . is robheag nach ndeachaidh bradán a beathadh tar bheul Ghráinne re luthgháir roimh Dhiarmuid `the very life', Oss. iii 76.5 . ar mbradán beathadh (of a hero), DDána 79.10 . Cf. sginnis bradán bandachta (opposed to beóspiorad ferdachda, 10 ) `spirit of womanhood' (see Gloss.), Duan. F. i 46.9 .

1 búaile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búaile or dil.ie/7236

Forms: buailtibh, bailti

n f. (see Vendryes, De Hibernicis Vocabulis 118 . Perh. ext. applic. of 2 b.). Freq. with dental inflection

(a) cow-house, byre; cattle-pen; (temporary) cattlefold, booley at times of summer pasturage: buaile gl. vaccaria, Ir. Gl. 174. buaile dam gl. bostar, 1044 . dáistir immon mboin . . . isin mbuaile, Trip.² 155. co bualid in oendorais, LL 28758. talgud do ceathra i mbuailaig do ceile (involves liability for compensation), Laws v 466.1 , glossed: do ithe in feoir .i. diguin buailed gemreta `to eat the preserved grass of a winter booley', 468.5 Comm. isin buailidh galair . . . i mbuaili g. an infected cowshed or booley, O'D. 2384 ( Rawl. 506, 47a) . i mbuaille bedgaid, Laws v 140.8 Comm. d'innsaigidh a llías ┐ a lánbúailtedh, RC xxvii 260 § 1. ba nád buailte `nor boolies' BNnÉ 151.3 . ní do chreic[h] bó ná búailead `not to raid . . . cattle-folds', Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 12 .

Possession of a b.¤ gave a certain legal status or qualification: .9. fir deg aga mbia buailti ar son na ngradh flatha (as witnesses), O'Curry 285 (H. 3.18, 157). sloinntech oirrig no taisig ag nach bia ach buaile, 287 (H. 3.18, 158). leath do biatachaib ┐ leath dfearaibh buailteadh, 286 (H. 3.18, 158).

Fig. is búale rantor co rían / is cúane n-ardchon is án (cemetery of Brug na Bóinne), LU 4203 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 16.15 ). a buaili biast (to the body), PH 8255. a mbuailie bais `in the stall of death', RC xii 98 § 131. i mbuailibh bais, CCath. 6023. buaile long Mhic í Mháille ` dockyard ', RC xlix 169 § 7.

Note also: bebsat buale febra fáebra (rhet. `cow-droves', CRR 6 ), LL 22728. cúicc buailte décc bó . . . i ccreich `fifteen herds of cattle', AFM iv 1134.16 . (of battalions) go bhfacadar . . . na buailtibh (a p.) bir-ghéara bodhbha ` pens, folds ' (note 2), CRR 19.

(b) yard, enclosure; paddock: i n-eatarfhásach na búailedh `of the milking yard', BS 142.20 . colladh ina buailidh brú (`on the fringe of his (lord's) enclosure', Celtica vi 225 § 73 ), Ériu xiii 20.3 , cf. O'Dav. 219. lis ┐ buailidh ┐ faithce, Laws ii 50.23 Comm. i mbuaile fo iadhu `in an enclosure', iv 96.24 . céd bó ro theand buaili ac brugaid `which crowded a farmer's paddock', Leb. Cert.² 168.

(c) In extended applications: ? do dhéantar . . . trí buailte . . . ar an magh-sa (buaile `a palisade ', ed.), ML 78.11 = bailti, ML² 1099. mar bís bradan i m-buailid `in a weir', MR 232.14 . it lúaithidir roth mb.¤ mill-wheel (driven by the water) of a weir (?) (see Gloss. s.v. roth), BDD² 1216. rothán mbuaileth, 1151 (cf. ZCP i 98 f .). búale . . . di scíathaib, LL 31424 ` fence ', TTr. 609. buale di chollaib, 32299 ( TTr. 1487 ). da n-o pill for buailidh bhar mbertha `over the pen of your shaving' (line ?), ITS v 112.24 .

In nn. loc. Buaile Pátraic . . . .i. fert mbec co crois and, Trip.² 1599. See Hog. Onom.

cen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cen or dil.ie/8581
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cin, can, gen, gin, gan, chen, cen suidib, cen(a)e, cena, cenut, c(h)enae, cenuib, cenaib, c(h)ene, c(h)ena(e), ceni, cheana, cenae, cenco

later cin, can, gen, gin, gan (usual modern form). Prep. with accus., leniting. See GOI 111 , 273 , 501 . chen, Sg. 75a1 , 78b2 , 147b3 (so also chen(a)e (see below) regularly in Sg. as against c- in Wb. and Ml., see Thes. ii 154 ). With dat. cen suidib, Ml. 20d3 , and cf. cenaib with 3 pl. suff. pron. below. With accus. in class. lang.: a bheith gan bhú (: chlú), O'R. Poems 252 . In later Vn. constructions of the type: gan an bás . . . do dhol, TSh. 2703 takes noun in nom. (`takes art. + noun in the form of nom., as verbs do', TSh. Gloss.). See TD 3.15 and note. Duan. F. iii s.v. gan.

For usage of late MSS. in matter of follg. lenition see Aithd. D. s.v. gan. cuiridh `gan' séimhioghadh, gion go ttuigthear do gháoidheilg ┐ gion go habuirthear (sic) d'ogham é, IGT Introd. § 7 . In class. lang. does not prefix t to ṡ, §§ 67 , 70 . Note alliteration in: mé gan ṡeise ó ṡain a-nall, DDána 77.3 , gan ḟolta gan imreasainn, 70.16 .

With suff. pron. in O.Ir. only (apart from 3 s. cen(a)e, cena, for which see below), and rare even here with no forms occurring for 1 s. and pl. 2 s. cenut, Wb. 6b25 . 3 s. m. and n. c(h)enae. 2 pl. cenuib, Wb. 9c2 . 3 pl. cenaib, Ml. 20d4 . Later with follg. indep. pron. (in 3 pers. é, í, iat).

Orig. on this side of (see GOI 501 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 197 ), hence apart from, besides etc. (see I(a) and III below). The usual meaning at all stages of the language is without, deprived of, not having, -less. Freq. with follg. Vn. with which, in its verbal function, it serves as neg. particle (see II).

I

(a) apart from, besides, except : atá brithem and cenutsu gl. omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, Wb. 6b25 . atá brithem lasuidib cenuib-si gl. Deus iudicabit, 9c2 . tāthut bith[ḟ]laith . . . / cen a tír i fail do rúaim apart from, Hail Brigit 26 . cé atchetha óinchairptech / . . . / fil mór d'echaib . . . / cen suidi (-e, v.l.) nad aicci-siu besides him, Imr. Brain 39 . ni ettis nech cena domanches except in the case of, LU 3488 ( SCC 26 ). i n-atconnarc . . . / bes atcoad cena slúag in the absence of his army(?), 3323 ( SCC 11 ). cen airitin a cobsen `short of receiving his confession', Mon. Tall. 147.30 .

(b) without, not having, -less (of things, objects, persons): buith cenchlaind, Ml. 23d12 . buith cen chomaccomla, 28d6 . buid cen sétchi, Wb. 10a17 . cen intertpersin, Sg. 161a4 . ni farcbad nech cen dire la Fēne, BCrólige 56 . ro sai cen usci `returned without water', RC xxiv 198.11 . nī anab gan é fēin, Fianaig. 80.4 . bheith don Bhanbha gan bhuachail, TD 10.19 . cin cennaib, cin tsúilib, Maund. 174 .

(c) With noun as in (b) and follg. prep. indicating position, accompaniment, possession: cennech n indib són `without anyone in them', Ml. 131d7 . cenchaille fora ciunn, Wb. 11c9 . cengutai ṅetarru, Sg. 7a4 . cen chonsin re n-os , 105b5 . cenbriathra leo, 215a6 . cona rabi aithles . . . cen mac i n-inad a athar, MU² 133 . gan cheó ortha acht aghaidh each, TD 11.12 .

(d) With abstracts (incl. vnn.): cennach n-astud, Ml. 15a15 . cen fodrúbu gl. sine deflexionum moris, 22a6 . cennach n-indlach gl. sine ulla interruptione, 32a1 . centosach cenforcenn, 110d15 . cen chumsanad gl. sine intermisione, Wb. 25c23 . trechosc conacarbi cenchinta, 27c6 . cen ḟortacht indanmma aili (with subj. gen.), Sg. 30a2 . eitir codlad ┐ cen cotlatt `whether he be asleep or awake', Mon. Tall. 152.4 . dia lleictir can imcoimet `if (such women) be let go without guarding', BCrólige 37 . In sense of unimpaired by, untroubled by etc. see LU 2294 - 99 ( FA 35 ). cen nach tairmesc netir, Hib. Min. 9.279 . bás . . . cen bethaid, PH 4320 . tilid Éirinn gan ainimh, TD 10.11 . 'n-a adhbar rīg gan [fh]resabra, ML² 30 . gan í without it (umhla), RSClára 158a . gan iad, 104b . gan amhrus undoubtedly , Párl. na mB. 6 . gan mhoill immediately , 164 .

(e) With fis: cen fius scél uáibsi `without tidings from you', Wb. 25a5 . cenfius dúib, 25c4 . cen ḟis cen airḟis, Anecd. i 3.8 ( SCano 50 ). cen a fis doibsom `without their knowledge', Mon. Tall. 146.31 . gan fhios do féin unknown to himself, unwittingly , Párl. na mB. 1385 . gurab gan fhios do ionnsuidh Samson na Filistínigh unexpectedly , TSh. 767 .

(f) Freq. in verse in chevilles and quasi-adj. phrases: ind fir cen uaill, Blathm. 13 . slóig Íssu cen escur, Fél. Prol. 63 . regmi cen nach díchiul, 291 . ceithre fedha, fāth gin gheis . . . , ZCP viii 107.10 . slōg ōss a ucht cen nach socht, 108.15 .

(g) With abstr. and follg. preposition: cen fortacht nachaili oco, Ml. 53a9 . cenfochraic n dam gl. infructuosse, 91b5 . cenchol, fair, 93d1 . nā bī gan gart at gnīomh nglē, ZCP viii 109.9 . cen smacht ríg forro, LU 3441 ( SCC 21 ). ó dho bhí tuigse . . . ag an duine . . . ┐ gan í anois aige, TSh. 2909 . dia mbeth gan do righe la C. acht na nai righa . . . `if C. had no realm save . . . ', ZCP i 402.19 .

II In a variety of constructions with vnn.

(a) With Vn. with verbal force, the whole phrase having the value of an adj. or adv.: nísechmalfam ní and centadal, Ml. 25a3 . canim[ebol] lib ambuid [li]b cenprecept doib ref. to ignorantiam enim Dei quidam habent, Wb. 13c17 . it cairigthi inmaicsi et intuistidi cendethidin dissi `when they do not take care of her', 28d22 . cen tairmthecht opersin dialaili gl. intransitiuum, Sg. 189a7 . uar rombi ind fit . . . cin cumscugud, Mon. Tall. 147.14 . téora bliadna doib . . . cen teacht as, Anecd. i 11.24 ( SCano 356 ). fada an treimhse ataid re a chois / gan tocht dá dtíribh, TD 4.38 . soinend no doinend na haimsire do bidh gan techt, BCC 416.18 . fá h-ár gan áireamh it was a slaughter incalculable, ML 130.24 .

(b) With Vn. and obj. gen.: cenaéitsecht gl. non . . . audire, Ml. 21b11 . batrom foraib són centíchtain átíre fadesin they were distressed at not reaching their own land, 34d12 . cen foraithmet ananmae . . . dam gl. ut etiam uocabula eorum obliuioni tradam, 37c13 . cen a chomallad gl. sub Lege (fuerunt), 76a15 . cid atobaich cendílgud cech ancridi gl. quare non magis iniuriam accipistis? Wb. 9c20 . cena aetarcne riam gl. sine praeiudicio, 29a20 . cenacomol naich aili do gl. `ipse' quoque in tertia persona per se, Sg. 197b17 . cen imcabáil . . . cum nobis do epirt, 203a8 . cia beith cen (gin, MS) gabáil n-orbai, Críth G. 69 . cen a coisecrad `without being reconsecrated', Mon. Tall. 153.15 . ō ro-gabus gāi im láim nad-raba cen guin duini I have never failed to slay a man, Sc.M² 16 . bi gan a thabairt do not swear it (an oath), PH 7343 . gan oba gliadh, TD 26.40 .

(c) With follg. noun or pron. and prep. DO with Vn. (for case of noun in later lang. see above): foilsigthi feisin cen ainm dothórmuch fris `without the addition of a noun to it', Sg. 211a8 . ma ro látar ce[n] ní do ḟacbáil leo, Ériu xvii 66 § 4 . afuine . . . / cenachnáma dobrissiud, SR 3904 . in fer nār c[h]otail énoidchi ríam gan maithes Gall da innluccud da dúintib, ZCP viii 111.13 . ata recht ocaind .i. cen luige do thabairt, PH 2684 . can T. . . . do thegmail dó, TTebe 987 . gan é d'áireamh oramsa, TD 14.9 . Similarly, without vn.: trágh. ráth . . . , inann ┐ so sís acht gan so sís do bainindscne except that the following are not feminine, IGT Decl. § 38 . gan mé aniogh san mhín mhaighrigh since I am not(?), Studies 1921, 568 § 23 . With follg. acht in sense of except that, only , etc.: gan acht coibhche . . . do dháil di `provided he gave her a marriage-portion', Keat. ii 4642 . gan é acht i naois óiglenaib still of tender years, O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan acht neart aoidheadh orra, Content. xxx 26 . do-ghéubha tú sail ad tshúil féin 's gan achd brodh a súil Pharaon only a mote, Mac Aingil 904 .

In a number of exx. in the early lang., and with increasing frequency in the later, the clause introduced by cen assumes the character of a nominal clause functioning as the subject or object of a verb, as a case governed by a preposition, and occasionally even as a genitive depending on a noun. For class. lang. see the analysis in TSh. s.v. gan.

(d) As subject of a verb: isingir lem cenchretim dúib, Wb. 4b28 . isaithiss doibsom cid anísiu .i. cenprecept dondaís anfiss their failure to preach . . . discredits them, 13b11 . cen buith i bar ṅgnáissi / is mór fodom-glúassi, Fél. Ep. 375 . ba imned la F. cen acallaim na ingine F. was anxious to speak with the girl, TBFr. 155 . fonascar fair can tudecht, LU 5943 . mad dia m-beith at cumang, a ben, ol C., in ghein fil fat bruindi gan a breith có abhárach, RC vi 175 § 55 . ba dogessib conculainn cenadall fulachta diachathim, iii 176.17 . ba col cen a choemna not to protect him, Gorm. March 15 . ata is-in recht cen mnái do gabail i fhiadnaise, PH 2794 . nár dhamhsa gan dol red chois, TD 14.32 . an cóir gan síodh d'fhagháil uadh? Aithd. D. 63.5 . is truag duind gan E. acar n-imdidin, Stair Erc. 745 .

(e) As object: fobithin adrimet som deit su armelacht cen arṅ ditin ni `not to protect us', Ml. 129d22 . madh ro achtaigh cín ar, ┐ rohairedh, Laws iv 132.25 . fonaiscid C. forrosom cen curadmir do chosnam, LU 9025 ( FB 77 ). na lécob d'Ultaib cen taidecht lim, MU² 182 . foracaib . . . can a n-uilc do dígail dóib, LU 3117 (see Duan. F. iii 8 - 9 ). cid fodera . . . cen Crist do-t furtacht-su?, PH 738 . asbert an file fris cen ní don bradan do tomailt, RC v 201.23 . gan chrích Néill fút ná fulaing, TD 6.16 . do cheannuigh Dia . . . / gan mo bheith i mbrugh Ifeirn, Dán Dé v 45 . mar do chonn-cadar cliatha na Cruithnigh gan iad féin líon cathuighthe ris that they were not strong enough to fight him, Keat. ii 1779 . orduighmid . . . gan labhairt dona Sethrachaibh `that the Sisters keepe silence', RSClára 102b .

(f) With vbs. of forgetting, preventing , etc. the prep. merely reinforces the meaning of the main verb: arnabé anfochell leu cenatlugud buide diasoirad so that they may not neglect to return thanks, Ml. 117b7 . cenasechim gl. uestigia relinquere, Sg. 30a20 . rothairmisc . . . in scel sin fa P. . . . gan sid re brathair, TTebe 2767 . a Bhē-binn, bean ar do mac / gan mhnāi trīallfas dó tochmarc, ZCP xiii 167.1 . léigfeamaoid dínn . . . gan teacht tarsa, TSh. 294 `which we shall avoid treating of', Gloss. tug i ndearmad gan maith na n-Éireannach do mhaoidheamh he has forgotten to, Keat. i 56.25 . nīr dhermait . . . in doirseóir gan in custam d'iarraidh ┐ d'fagáil `the keeper did not neglect demanding and receiving it', Fl. Earls 90.5 . Cf. Ml. 25a3 cited under (a).

(g) As case governed by prep.: tré gan rabhadh do chur dho through failing to warn him, Content. xvi 71 . fá gan fearthuinn do dheanadh, Donlevy 440.30 . déinig faire . . . chum gan tuitim a ttemptásion so as not to enter into temptation, Párl. na mB. 789 . maille ré gan é d'fhaigsin, TSh. 6387 .

(h) As gen.: d'easbaidh gan an creideamh do bheith aca because they have no faith, TSh. 4784 (where gan merely reinforces meaning of easbhaidh). The phrase introduced by gan is technically gen. also in: rún do ghlacadh gan tuitim to resolve not to fall, Donlevy 448.19 .

III With suff. pron. 3 s. m. n. c(h)ene, c(h)ena(e), ceni, cheana (usual mod. form). On O.Ir. cene, cenae see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 346 . In class. verse may be stressed or unstressed, Aithd. D. 25.19n.

(a) In more or less literal sense in addition to it, without him or it, besides, apart from this. As shown by occas. exx. of cenae referring to f. or pl. nouns the word had even in O.Ir. begun to have the force of an indep. adv. besides, in addition, moreover, anyway . In literal sense: huare is lán chiall indib chenae gl. uerba non egent casu, Sg. 140b3 . ní laimtis cena they dared not omit to do it, Sc.M² 20 , cf. ní étaim-sea chena I cannot help it (gan a dheanamh, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 6080 . cía nocarainn cách chenae besides him, Liad. and Cuir. 24.21 . nícon bíad cenae, 24 `without him . . . it will not live', Murphy Lyrics 35.10 . ceni beth nach aili isin tig cenae acht hé a oenur, BDD² 1086 `any other save he', Gloss. ní fuil aurlabraidi . . . leo chenae besides him, MU² 986 .

(b) In more general sense: cenitormastar homéit istrom cenae ho aicniud in any case, Ml. 20a20 . bamór fechtae cenae `there were many times besides', 39a3 . legi enim Dei non est subiecta (of sapientia carnis) .i. atá dethiden fuiri cene `besides', Wb. 3d34 . barafie dúib darígente cene cenimmormus nachmór, 11d5 . apronomen asberr eiusdem ┐ cach pronomen dono chene `besides', Sg. 203b1 . os me chene am faelid `I too', Thes. ii 293.25 . at-béla chenaeo (sic), BDD² 1438 `in any case', Gloss. sáeilim nem cena I am looking forward to heaven as it is, BColm. 68.22 .

Following f. and pl. nouns: ni reccar ales dano epistle uáibsi arrofitemmar cene `without it' (ref. to epistil, f.), Wb. 15a5 . runsluinfemni didiu cene fanisin (ref. to epistolis), 15a4 . etar fileda ┐ áis ṅdénma sairse chenae `and other artists', Sg. 212a11 . atethatár eóin damsa chena other birds will be caught for me, LU 3276 ( SCC 7 ). ní lamhat eonu na fiadhmhilu cena beth for an sliab sin `nor other wild animals', ZCP i 254.6 .

(c) Hence of actions and states of being already, previously : nírecat . . . les tintuda . . . ataat iltintudai leu cene, Ml. 3a14 . tanice-side céne `He hath come already', Wb. 4d26 . adib eolaig and cene, 33c19 . ar biid iouis cene nominatiuo , Sg. 99a3 . ar ní thucad dó chena hí, LU 3168 . ag feoilgherradh in ridiri ata marbh chena, Stair Erc. 758 . cheana `alwaies' (= hitherto, Ed.), RSClára 81a . ? Cf. cheana no archeana .i. o sin amach, O'Cl.

(d) More vaguely as adv. of asseveration moreover, indeed, of a truth, then, so (see PH, TSh.): ni réid chene, Sg. 238b1 . saībse, céni, i m-bith chē, Imr. Brain 45 `moreover', Murphy Lyrics 39.13 . ní boí isin bith frisa samailte chena there was indeed nothing with which it could be compared, LU 3378 ( SCC 16 ). ceist cena . . . cid as áil dúib?, MU² 332 . ó racuala in maith cena, cid ar ná cechlaind in saith?, Airne F. 237 . cia airm itá do thigerna-su chena ale?, TBC-LL¹ 1418 . ní fitir in challech nach do fhoigdi chena tánic in giIla that it was not simply to beg the servant came, Ériu i 132.81 . leicem as ar n imram . . . acht in chonair beras ar curach sind cheana, YBL 87a44 . nocha lám chena ná cos / do géba, O'Gr. Cat. 367.17 . an chloch cheana . . . on the other hand, TSh. 64 . gidhedh chena, BCC 124.30 . With ocus at beg. of sentence: ┐ chena bid lat ┐ lad chlaind co brath in rigi, RC xxiv 200.14 . ┐ cena ni . . . , TTebe 4293 . V. freq. with prec. acht: acht chena is . . . , LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). acht chena ro-diultais etc., PH 601 . acht cheana do ghabhadar etc., Párl. na mB. 3947 . acht atā ni cena moreover, ZCP viii 111.14 .

Cf. archena, olchena.

IV Freq. with follg. co as conjunction without that, though . . . not, in some uses replacing O.Ir. ceni. Not found in O. Ir. glosses. See Phil. Soc. Trans. 290 § 56 . cenco is perh. rather to be explained from *ceni-co, O'Rahilly, Celtica ix 113 - 34 . In class. Ir. gion etc. go (see DDána), which appar. no longer felt as containing the prep. cen (gan). Form somet. influenced by cían (céin), q.v.

(a) without that, apart from the case that, because of the fact that not (with indic. and subj.): bid messu dúib . . . céin co tísaid lim it will be the worse for you if you do not come with me, LU 8082 ( FB 6 ). ní eicsind uile cenco cumhsanaind icca aisneis ria mbrath I could not relate it all short of keeping at it till doomsday, Ériu ii 136 § 120 . gén cu taibre ar hanmuin / let a talmain nisbera short of giving it (worldly goods?) for your soul, 228.17 . cumma lem etir / cen co tīas ilLaighnib I care not at all if I go not into L., ZCP viii 110.8 . cóir, cen co beth biad ocut `right then is it that food should fail thee', PH 1312 . nír bó toil do A. sin, gen gur triall la hI. do Roimh A. was unwilling not to go with I. to Rome, BNnÉ 4.25 .

Usually though . . . not.

(b) With indic. Rare in older lang.: cenco n-acatár though they did not see (her), LU 10010 . cín co fetar cia tu though I don't know who you are, RC v 200 § 15 . achd gin gur fheith iad, DDána 3.29 . comhla gen go bī (sic leg.) rem baeis, ACL iii 236 § 9 . gion gur chomhmaoidh sin though she boasted not of it, Dán Dé ii 5 . gion go ttuigthear do gháoidheilg ┐ gion go habuirthear d'ogham é, IGT Introd. 5.1 . gin co fuil, CF² 585 . cin co híbhitt na Serrisdínig fín, Maund. 61 . gin cur chaith . . . caithfet-sa `though no one has eaten', Ériu iii 158 § 10 . génco faicidhisi é, RC xxiv 371.26 . gion go ffaicfit mo chorp . . . docífitt m'fiorta ┐ mo miorbuile, BNnÉ 267 § 235 (fut. replacing subj.?). Cf. gion go bhfaicfear (-cthear, v.l. ). Dán Dé v 35 .

(c) With subj.: acht ropom airdricse, maith lim cen co bend būan acht ōenlāa even though I should live only one day, TBC-I¹ 572 . cen cop mōr mo thuasa, Mór M. 6 . cen co pat comṡáeglaig, Airne F. 19 . cenco n-essara though you eat not, Sc.M² 3 . as a rad ata a nadmaim cin co be saying untruthfully that it is . . . , Laws iv 52.30 . cian combat lia iar n-umir though they be not more in number, Rawl. 70b22 . ra raidsebair cenco tucaind ar áis doberaind ar écin that I would take it willy-nilly, LL 7685 ( TBC-LL¹ 150 ). cia fogabad cenco fagbad whether he got it or not, 7328 . cen co dernad, CRR 18 . cinco dernadais na Masilecdha do maith . . . acht . . . if the M. did no other good than . . . , CCath. 1751 . gion go dtí riomsa . . . / Dia do dhearmad, Dán Dé xxv 9 . do rígh gion go rabhtha id mhac even wert thou not a king's son, DDána 91.15 .

Occas. with loss of negative sense: gion go mbiadh gnúis gheanamhail . . . ag fear na ceilge though the deceiver should have. . . , TSh. 8965 (see Vocab.). atá ár sáith d'íoc againn gin gurab deired dúinn féin taréis na deithbire so `though immediately upon termination of this quarrel we ourselves too made an end', Caithr. Thoirdh. 119.24 .

1 cingid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cingid or dil.ie/9131

Forms: cinnid, rocindset, cindis, cingiu, c., cingith, -cing, cinges, cinces, ciṅges, cinnges, cengair, -cengur, cengar, cengmai, cingme, cenggait, cengait, ceṅgait, -cengat, cengta, cengtai, ceṅgtar, cinged, chinged, ro-chiṅged, cindtis, cingsiu, cind-siu, ciṅg, cing, ceingeth, ceis, ceis, ceset, ciasair, cessair, cessed, chessed, ceised, cesead, cesad, cichsi, cichseo, cichis, cichsithear, cicsimiu, cichsit, cichsett, cichsot, cichside, cichsed, cichtis, cechaing, chechaing, ceuchaing, ciuchaing, cheachaing, chighsiom, ciseadh, céimm

v later cinnid ( cinnit, LU 3598 ( SCC 30 ), rocindset, BB 47a15 . cindis, TBC-LL¹ 3777 ). For quality of root vowel see GOI 49 . Ind. pres. 1 s. cingiu, AFM i 330.16 . 3 s. c.¤ , LU 3830 ( SCC 37 ). 5732 . Laws i 10.26 . cingith, LU 6331 . -cing, Bruchst. 121 . Ériu i 122.22 . Rel. cinges, Cáin Ad. 26 . cinces, Ériu xvi 181 § 19 . ciṅges, Thes. ii 253.10 (Stowe Missal). cinnges, LU 8317 ( FB 23 ). Pass. cengair, Laws iii 26.15 . -cengur, i 266.6 . cengar, Auraic. 573 . Anecd. v 26.7 . 1 p. cengmai, ZCP xii 404.10 . Rel. cingme, LU 4704 . 3 p. cenggait, RC xx 138.13 . cengait, LU 6177. 2088 . ceṅgait, TFerbe 238 . -cengat, BB 260a61 . Rel. cengta, Metr. Dinds. ii 40.57 . cengtai, IT i 77.11 . Pass. ceṅgtar, LL 20148 . Impf. 3 s. cinged, Bruchst. 114 . no chinged , LU 8912 . ro-chiṅged, RC xxiv 176.24 . 3 p. no cindtis , Anecd. i 60 § 88 . Impv. 2 s. cingsiu, LU 5182 . cind-siu, TBC-LL¹ 3298 . ciṅg, MU² 51 . cing, O'Cl. 3 s. ceingeth, Thes. ii 248.6 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ro ceis , Rawl. 62b2 (see ZCP xxii 32 ). ? dian ceis , O'Curry 2273 ( Eg. 88, 20b ). Cf. aracae ? ?3 p. dian ceset , Laws iii 20.12 (cf. O'Dav. 505 ). Pass. s. ciasair, Cóic Con. 43.1 = cessair, ZCP xii 362.2 . Impf. 3 s. cessed, Corp. Gen. 282.y . no chessed , LU 6844 . na ro ceised , BB 205a1 . cesead, Todd Nenn. 144.1 . ? cesad, Ériu i 118 § 8 . fut. 2 s. cichsi, YBL 173b51 . SG 80.3 . cichseo, LL 13833 (see GOI 412 , Hull, Language xxiii 423 ). 3 s. cichis, Corp. Gen. 410.7 . LU 10372. 5506 . RC x 224.165 . Pass. cichsithear, O'Cl. 1 p. cicsimiu (leg. -mi, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 492 ), ZCP xii 404.10 . 3 p. cichsit, ZCP xiii 379.3 = cichsett, ZCP iii 463.y . cichsot, Ériu xvi 146.17 . ? Rel. cichside, Corm. 29.16 . Condit. 3 s. cichsed, LU 8298 ( FB 22 ). 8320 (20). 3 p. cichtis (for cichsitis ?), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.1 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. cechaing, Fél. May 22 and passim. ro chechaing , Ériu iv 140.12 . go ceuchaing , Anecd. ii 54.14 v.l. ciuchaing, do cheachaing , O'Cl. Later with f-fut. and s-pret. Cf. chisigh, Ó Bruad. iii 164.11 . chighsiom, Content. xxii 8 . But these forms, as also Vn. ciseadh, IGT Verbs § 71 , may belong to a difft. word. Vn. céimm.

(a) steps, paces, proceeds, goes : ciṅgis C. co mbái etc., TBC-LL¹ 1947 . cechaing Corrgend . . . / co romarb Aed, Metr. Dinds. iv 102.3 . cing mál .i. cémnig . . . innas as dligthechu, LL 24294 ( RC xxvi 16 § 15 ). cechaing iarum C. co ro gab longphort oc Muaid `then he marched and pitched a camp by the Moy', RC xxiv 178.5 . ba C. costadach cindiustair, 282.2 . cingset ina ccath co ffi, Leb. Gab.(i) 216.17 . ín cet bean calma ro chínd / roghabh Banba ri nd(h)ilind (of Cesair), BB 22a11 . Cf. mōr līach rocēstar int ṡlūaig, Bruchst. 103 ( ro cecht ar an tsluaigh, AFM i 480.14 ). cingit, Auraic. 1287 .

(b) With Vn. céim in figura etymologica: cechaing céim as dírgu (of a saint), Fél. Mar. 20 . a Eochaid . . . arafolmaider ardchricha Cuind ciṅg ceim, Corp. Gen. 80.3 . rochinset a céim curad trod their victorious way, LL 14985 (`covenanted his chief champions', MacCarthy 178.9 = rocindset, BB 47a15 ).

With other nouns: cichis reím roirge ind rig, RC x 224.165 . mairg cingis in rēim rod-sain, ZCP vi 265 § 15 . fri cétchesad na conaire cengait (glossed tiagait), LU 2088 ( FA 15 ). conair cinnius in muadmacaem `wherefore does . . . come', MR 292.y . conad aire sin ro chinnesdair sin an treas lem luthmar lan-edrum, LL 410a13 . fichtibh curach / cechuing trichait / troichet cíabhat (of Colm Cille), ZCP viii 194 § 4 . cingis treabh Iūda . . . / in sēt n-ingantach, RC xxxvii 347 § 43 . Cland maic Cairne, cengta róe `who stride through the battle-field', Metr. Dinds. ii 40.57 = ceṅgtar, LL 2014 = ceang do rói, O'Cl. (cf. Hermathena xiv 471 ). déca a chairptiu cinnit glend, LU 3598 ( SCC 30 ). ra chindsem ceird comdana (Fer Diad to Cú Chulainn), TBC-LL¹ 3543 . cechaing thondaig tresaigh maghain mongaigh rónaigh (of Colm Cille), ZCP viii 197.5 .

(c) With prepp.: ceingeth ass, Thes. ii 248.6 . cach mac ina chinaid / c.¤ ar chel dies, Laws i 10.26 . c.¤ iarom for rindriis na mbera amal én, LU 5732 . Fear fí for caei cengustar, BB 380b9 . co Críst cechaing sathe (of saints), Fél. Jan. 25 . July 23 . co cóic sétu cingit, Laws iv 340.z . cechaing de sin D., Anecd. i 58 § 68 . de ilṡlúagaib cengat, LU 5476 = cengad, TBC-I¹ 999 . cengat cen chomfoirbb don chathrōi `let them march', Ériu vi 122 § 12 . nír chiṅg din tress, TBC-LL¹ 4047 . ro cingset [do]cum na sruth, CCath. 2573 . caidhe an sról do chinn fad chorp `that girt thy body', A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 7 . cech bradan . . . no chindedh suas frisin coraid, RC xxvi 136.27 . mo dá brattán cen terbba / cengta fri srotha sirti, Trip.² 1286 . diambad mé nochinged ind `when I was wont to wander thither', Metr. Dinds. iii 314.1 . cechaing 'sin báig / i ndáil dígla (of woman warrior), 184.24 . cechaing dias isan mag-sin, Anecd. i 53 § 25 . cingthe secha `he went past them', ZCP iii 212 § 24 . cingset seach tuind crichi / Frangcu, Todd Nenn. 132.9 . cichse a Temair tar fert a fert fogamraig, SG 79.w . cíndit tar cuan fatultaibh, IT iii 91.y . a arrad na holloirbe / tresacing cach caidh which all the pure climb (of Mary), Ériu i 122.22 .

With adverbs and adv. phrases: cechaing súas, Fél. Oct. 9 . cengsat na coin na díaidh (after a pig), Dinds. 74 ( RC xv 474 ). cengsat siar `they fared westward', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . no cinged . . . fot n-aurchora on cathraig, LU 9136 ( FB 88 ).

(d) overcomes, surpasses, excels, exceeds, etc.: flaith fīal Finne / ro das cinne Níal cían Caille `overcame them', Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 42 ( LL 23658 ). cruimther cluana cáidh ro cinn excelled, SG 25.12 . Usually with prepp.: a mathuir na firinne / rocindis ar cach, Ériu i 122.16 . is é Crimthand chinnes ar cách / co fáth fuilech, LL 6468 ( dar cāch, RC xxxvi 263 § 18 ). ar cosnumh creach / cinnidh ar taoisech gach tuaithe, Magauran 3488 . ceand na ttreabh, treabh ar nār cind[e]adh dwelling never surpassed (of Heaven), ZCP xiii 13.25 . tigerna chinnes ar Dubán, CF² 1105 . a Dhé, go gcinnear orra, Measgra D. 78.12 . ro chinn an t-iolar ar uathadh the many defeated the few, AFM iv 996.15 . dias do Gaidilaib . . . do chind . . . do chach uli, Ann. Conn. 1281.4 . Corbbán, rochind for crábud `surpassing in piety', Metr. Dinds. iv 340.13 . ar chleith gCláire nír cinneadh / ar áille deich ndoinningean `unsurpassed for the beauty' (of chieftain), Magauran 4141 . cinnid for cach comlann `obtains the victory in every battle', MR 54.7 . ro chindsetar ar mnáib Eirenn a ndruineachus, Acall. 7311 . co ro cinnset a ccoimhrith foraiph (of horses racing), BNnÉ 325.32 . ra chind ar a chomdinib / im gáis im gasced im gart, TFerbe 641 . ri caisil do chínd os cach, BB 270a16 . Caiseal do chind os gach cind, 19. dochinn . . . tar gach aon, IT ii2 151.770 . ro chinned . . . dar triath bhuidnib togaidi in talman, MR 114.y . don chia rocing tar gach māl (.i. don fer do chēimnig tar gach file), ZCP v 489 § 13 (B. na f.).

coicéd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coicéd or dil.ie/10044

n [o, m.] (cf. Engl. cocket, TD ii 195 ) (customs) duty, tribute: leath coiceid Ratha Brannuimh = dimidium vectigalis, Hy Fiach. 459.30 . a sochar éisg ┐ inbhir ┐ coiceid, 8. 458.27 . ar choicéadaibh chuain Ṡligigh `for the cocket of Sligo Bay', TD 1.51 . coiced na Gaillue . . . bradán is lugha is olc, ii 195 . Cf. do chóiced chuain Sligigh, ALC ii 196.20 . cóiced na Gaillmhe, 342.19 .

cummae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cummae or dil.ie/13852
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cumbai, chumbu, chummai, cuma

io, n. vn. of con-ben. ? g s. cumbai, Corp. Gen. 203.5 . d s. chumbu, Críth G. 139 . On chummai, Ml. 115b3 see below. cuma f., IGT Decl. § 3 (coma proscribed form). Verbs § 67 .

1 act of cutting, carving, hacking, destroying , butchering : dá mér in[n]a chumbu chóir (of a flitch of bacon), Críth G. 139 . direnaiter crotha cummai `díre is paid for maimed figures', BCrólige 64 . brisiud cnama ┐ cumma tuinne, LL 13868 . cumbae hUae mBriuin `destruction', AU i 326.x . i[c] cummai ┐ oc letrad trénḟer, TTr.² 1529 . athcuma . . . .i. . . . cuma co aith, Laws i 234.26 Comm.

2 act of shaping, fashioning, composing : i doríndi uaím ┐ cuma ar tus, MacCarthy 286.23 . uaim, ┐ cumu, ┐ druinuchus `cutting out', Laws ii 154.7 Comm. in áirc . . . iarna cuma ┐ iarná cumdach shaped, LB 123a45 . dia chuma ┐ dia midhemhain na criche, RC xliii 68.13 . ica cumma ┐ ica certugud (of ship Argo), LL 30959 ( TTr. 140 ). mac in tṡaír . . . / do chumma in chláir ina chirt, Ériu ix 49.1 . cuigeal . . . aca . . . a (= do ?) chuma shægail cach duine (of fates), TTebe 1321 . celcc do chuma, BNnÉ 89.39 . gan an creidemh do chuma ré na chéill acht a chiall do chuma risan ccreidemh, Mac Aingil 116 - 7 . ? im chuma(id) bíd fris `preparing food', RC ii 388.2 . ? gan beith ag cuma re ced do sasadh attempting, undertaking , BCC 68.11 . mithid dam comma Ceilbe `to make verse on C.', Metr. Dinds. iii 54.1 . lucht cummæ in sceoil-si, CCath. 6160 . an bhrég do chor a ccuma / ar son na séd saoghalda, IGT Introd. § 60 . cuma a fheart ní fhéadainnse `I can not describe his wonders', PBocht 11.12 . clū a ceardcha na cuma, O'R. Poems 2068 ` composition ', Gloss. gan lucht cuma ar cráoib N., IGT Decl. ex. 170 . le cuma a aignidh féin `by means of the inventions of his own brain', Content. xvi 183 . gur chuirestair . . . glósnathe filedh fuithe da cuma ┐ da cumhdach, BNnÉ 265.26 . ? Cf. bíodh re gach cuma dar ceangladh / urra urrlamh, DDána 111.26 . ? ní da cuma i tarmforcenn, IT iii 28.5 .

3 shape, form, appearance : in cétach co cumma glan, Metr. Dinds. iv 220.15 . fuath ┐ cumma in choindelbra, LB 121a50 . doradsat cuma na Trae furre, Aen. 1208 . cetharochair a cuma `fouredged was its shape', CCath. 17 . aluinn cuma do da chos, BS 18.23 . cuma crut[h]ach, Marco P. 103 . ? cuicthi i cuic cummi, ar is cuma la .u. cinta dosliat . . . .u. cumbae cinad, O'Curry 811 ( H 3.18, 375a ). ba cruthach . . . eter méit ┐ chórai ┐ chummai, TTr.² 362 . gan locht cuma ar craoibh n-Aise, DDána 99.33 . ní chongbann a chuma anos, O'Gr. Cat. 555.z . ? dá mbeith Dia ag cuma (leg. a gcuma) fa cheart in His true form, DDána 23.1 . cuma, deilbh, Eg. Gl. 151 . imdheanta, faicsiona, cuma, 412 . a chuma ar gach neach a-nos / gomadh truma an bhreath bhéaras it is apparent on each one, Dán Dé xxi 25 .

4 In prep. phrases: ní bátar i nHére óic a cumma dóib like them, LU 1513 (MU). tolcha corra . . . / ar choma chíge cédmhná (proscribed), IGT Verbs ex. 578 . i gcuma báis, PBocht 4.47 . lecc lógmar . . . fó chuma grene ┐ ésca resembling, Todd Lect. vi 67.8 . ar cuma an oirnigh doníther don bradan `in the form of', BCC 108.28 . a ccuma na ccreach archena `like the rest of the prey', Hugh Roe² 208.14 . cumma cáich like (with) everybody else, LU 3110. 3163 . cumma cháich, Ériu iv 98.6 . i cumai caich, Lism. L. xx 16 . hi cuma chaigh, Leb. Gab.(i) 200.23 . hi cumaidh cāich, ZCP vi 259.2 .

5 In adv. phrases: foróenchummi gl. identidem, Sg. 14b1 . luid . . . C. fon cumma cetna similarly, LU 8874 ( FB 67 ). fon cumma cetna, CRR 26 . TTr.² 988 . a cumma cetno, IT iii 243.255 . dotháet ass fón cumma sin, TBC-LL² 2304 . fon cuma sein, Cog. 162.29 .

As predicate of copula in a variety of idioms.

6 is c.¤ x fri y x is like, the same as y: nitachummese friusom gl. mihi autem, Wb. 20c25 . ní c.¤ fri cach crieid, Ml. 85c14 . nídat chummai frisnammoltu dográes gl. nihil commone, 115b3 (artificial pl. form rather than attrib. g s.). nir chumma nech ris im chath `there was none to match him in battle', Metr. Dinds. iv 344.73 . gein bad chumma fri C., i 36.111 . nad rabi remaib . . . fiallach bad cumma gaisced frisin dínisin, LL 32166 ( TTr. 1355 ). Adv. is cuma no do gaib aire fri aithech `it affects the chief equally with the plebeian', Laws iv 68.4 . Note also: bá cuma dán dib linaib (Cú Ch. and Fer Diad), LU 6003 . ceall bes cuma a cill fein, Laws iii 76.4 Comm. cumma ┐ sed ┐ samail a tri cuaich, BB 35a16 .

7 With ocus: ní cumme et tuss[u] unlike thee, Wb. 6b25 . nicumme et messe, 7b13 . nicumme et sissi, 14a30 . ni cumme ┐ M., 34a6 . mad cumme imned á cheli et a imned fessin, 20c6 . ni cummæ ┐ vocatiuus , Sg. 208a11 . is cumma ┐ timthirecht bech i lló ánli, LU 7558 ( BDD 139 ). cumme . . . ┐ sengobi `like an old smith', Mon. Tall. 134.4 . mad cumma ech ┐ ech, ZCP viii 217.11 . With nó: beag nach cuma cuaille fáil / dhod chréachtnughadh . . . / nó sibh do chrochadh iar gcioth to hang you up after a shower is almost the same thing as rending you with a hedge-stake (to an old cloak), Hackett² xxxi 5 . With follg. clause: is cumma no cinged . . . ┐ no chessed fén he travelled just like a waggon, LU 6844 ( BDD 41 ). With follg. clause with vb. in subj. impf. it is just as if: is cumme et ní imdibthe gl. circumcisio tua praeputium facta est, Wb. 1d17 . Without conj.: is cumme bid pugnator asberad gl. pro: pugnator, Ml. 67a8 . iscumme nibad móidem, Wb. 2b14 . With amail: is cuma dhuille an ḟeadha . . . / amail nobeith grāin chatha, Ériu iii 164 § 20 .

8 As adv. antecedent of rel. vb. equally, in the same way : is cummae mbis menmae cechtar de fri togais alali gl. par ad dicipiendum, Ml. 31a23 . condibcumme donduccam uili gl. ut idem sapiamus, Wb. 24a22 . iscummae ṁ bis ualitudo enartae ┐ ualitudo sonartae gl. tam . . . quam, Ml. 61a33 . conid cumme aramber biuth huacechrét `equally', 69a18 . cumma arangairtís gortai ┐ íttaid díb na hubla repelled both hunger and thirst, RC ix 474.21 ( LU 1695 ). cumma no slaided riam ┐ iarma, LU 5921 (TBC). is cumma tégtis fir ┐ mná i cathaib, IT i 193.25 . is cumma gebes a rer, o rig ┐ o aithech, PH 4011 . Cf. cuma frisidngair `of equal status corresponding to him', Bretha 2 .

9 With forms of as-beir (ráidid) and follg. clause as he was saying it etc.: cuma do-bi aga radha ┐ ad-bert in læidh ann asa haithli, ZCP viii 548.12 . is [c]uma ro bui aca radh[a sin ┐ ro] leic, Grail 4103 . cumma dobátar oc a ráda ┐ doṡáidseat a slega, LB 274a21 ( SG 55.19 ). cuma dó oca ráda ┐ do scáil, SG 56.18 . as cuma do bhái aga radha, ┐ dorinne an duan so, BNnÉ 267.15 . Cf. 1 cuma (ant am, v.l.) rabadar-sum . . . ragreis, TTebe 4417 .

10 is c.¤ la x y x makes no distinction between y (and someth. else): coma .i. ab eo [quod est] communis. Inde . . . cuma lem .i. is coimdes cipē diib, Corm. Y 221 . iscumme lessom tect fosmachtu rechto et fognam doídlaib he makes no distinction between submitting etc., Wb. 19d11 . is c.¤ leissem bid. f it is the same, he holds, as though it were f, Sg. 10a11 . is c.¤ limm etir ph.f. , 4 . is cumma lem bed i taulchuba ḟína no beth mo chend I feel as if my head were in a vat of wine, Fraech 45 . Hence x doesn't care about y: cuma .i. inann no maith ut est cuma lium cid toll mo lenn, O'Dav. 365 . ben las(a)mbi cuma cip cia las fia a woman who will sleep with anybody, BCrólige 44 . couma lē cip srīan cotagaib, ZCP viii 103.z . cuma lē gan Iarla ann she won't miss an Earl, Aithd. D. 38.9 . cuma lim, for F., Airne F. 238 . conid cuma les bas ┐ betha d'fagbail cares not whether he lives or dies, TTebe 4019 . cuma leamh . . . / mo shaeghal, BCC 192.23 . is cuma leis tús nó deireadh, TSh. 865 . nír bhó cuma lá haon . . . cia haca las a mbeith ball dia bhallaibh `contended with each other', AFM vi 2370.17 .

11 is c.¤ do x it is all the same for x: cuma dhuit .i. ni meisde dhuit, O'Cl. is cumme dó bidimdibthe gl. nonne praeputium illius, in circumcisione reputabitur? Wb. 1d20 . nibu chumme dúib ce bad hé frisandénte it would be a different matter for you if you did it to him, 9c24 . is cumme duit legens est ┐ qui legit , Sg. 193b5 . nech dia mbi c.¤ eibirt ┐ aicdi, Laws i 118.22 Comm. is cumma dam ce bát é éc tíasur, LU 7882 ( BDD 147 ). is cumma dúit . . . Nī dīgēltar foraib, ZCP viii 318.24 . i gcruth gurab cuma dhó a bhás nó a bheatha, TSh. 96 .

12 Without follg. prep.: cuma a dteasda uan dom aois it matters not, Dán Dé xvii 5 . teagh ríogh Ch. cuma a luadh, DDána 119.23 `níor mhiste', Gloss. cuma(dh) dhe no matter, Luc. Fid. 4177 .

In n. loc.: Ath Cuma in tSheisir Ford of the Slaughter of the Six, AFM i 244.y .

Compd. cumagnais `equal customs', expl. of comaithces, Laws iv 68.1 .

Cf. caumu.

dathach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dathach or dil.ie/14732

Forms: breccdathach, craeb-dathach, drech-dathach, drech-dath, il-dathach, dathach

adj o-ā, derivative from dath in various senses of the word, coloured , &c. a long dingbhála dathach, Leb. Cert. 84. 17 . ansad mís in nDaigia (sic leg.) dathaidh, BB 19 b 38 . domun dathach the coloured world: dered domain dathaig, Fen. 302. 6 . sechnó an beatha domain dathaigh, Anecd. i 51. 4 . ar ṁainséar dhathach, Each. Iol. 52. 24 .—breccdathach vari-coloured : donídh Iacob bunnsacha bláithi brecdathacha, BB 236 b 47 . fom bratachaib...brecdathacha MR 224. 4 . Of a salmon: bradán builidh brecdhathach, Cóir Anm. § 37 . craeb-dathach: clársceimelta...craebdathacha MR 224. 5 . drech-dathach: doruis dangni drechdathacha, TTr. 736 ; cf. drech-dath, ib. 1686 . il-dathach many-coloured , q.v.—MOD. dathach colouring, of many colours , Coneys. Dinneen HSD. Macd.

4 é

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 é or dil.ie/19328
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: hé

n m. a salmon = éo: hæ aite .i. in bradan bis isin ait, CIH i 241.20 . Or áe as in the plant-name áe aba, see 1 áe, Peritia xvi 390-92 . is ainm do bratan é, ┐ is tri ebad scribthar side [i.e. éo], Auraic. 5599 . an t-`é' breac do bí a mBoaing, H 3.18, 611b . ee ab esoce , Corm. Y 570 . am hé i llind (ar luas), IT iii 61 (= am eogh, 62 ). nách ǽ mór gaibter i nEss Rúaid, Trip. 146.12 = éicni, 13 . hé TBC-I¹ 1168 (= éu Eg). Anecd. i 73.210 (= ecne RC x 88 ). See ZCP x 201 . ant hé gabtha isin lín, TFrag. 10.7 . domairced ē cāin cech laithi, ZCP xi 161 § 210 .

éicne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éicne or dil.ie/19722

Forms: écne, écne, éicne, éicni, eigne, éigne, éicni, écne, écne, éicn, eignedha, éicn, écne, éigneadha, ecne, éicned, éignib, eicnedai

n io, m. n s. in t-écne , LL 250a28 (= ind écne , ZCP iv 40.3 ). in t-éicne , 251a43 . in t-éicni , Trip. 146.13 . in t-eigne , YBL 371a31 = Dán Dé xiv 6 . an t-éigne , TD 17.35 . g s. ind éicni , LL 251a9 . a du. in dá écne , LB 203b12 . n p. écne, LU 26b16 . éicn, Acall. 3761 . eignedha, KMMisc. 313.28 . a p. éicn, Trip. 142.5 . écne, LU 26b15 . éigneadha, Dán Dé vi 40 . TD 15.53 . g p. ecne, LL 7a24 . éicned, Acall. 3513 . d p. éignib, Dán Dé xxviii 27 . TD 15.30 . eicnedai, Acall. 3513 n.

A salmon: éigne .i. bradan , O'Cl. eigni no bradan (gl. eo), Leb. Gab.(i) i 264 n.5 . 104 n. 6 . cf. bradán ball-corcra d'aigneadhaibh [sic] Mara Romuir, ML 38.30 . rollásat a llína ocus rogabsat éicne móra, Trip. 142.5 . nach ǽ mór gaibter i nEss Rúaid ised atberat ind iascairi: Drobessach in t-éicni (because the salmon of the Drobaís were the best), 146.13 . rom chuir in Coimdhe...hi richt égne ar gach n-úarán, Anecd. i 26 § 14 . do lleblaing in t-écne ar a chend, LL 250a28 . dia toichle iasc i n-inberaib rot bia éicni, TBC-LL¹ 1833 (= hé, TBC-I¹ 1168 . eú, ZCP ix 148z ). na héicne áille eochurbrecca nobith ré grian ┐ re grinnell co mmbidis ré slisbordaib in churaig acco (in a storm), Acall. 3761 . LL 219b40 = TTr. 196 . lingid bric is eignedha (v.l. breiceigne) | do chlar-bharr gacha tuinne, KMMisc. 313.28 . = lingid eiccne ilbreca | tar drumcladh..., BCC § 355a . ráinic O. co griantracht an tobair ┐ atconnuic na hocht n-éicne áilli eochairbreaca ann, Acall. 2332 (= na hocht mbratáin, 2335 . ocht maigre, 2370 ). na coic eicne filead isin topur, IT iii 195.19 (= na bratán, Metr. Dinds. iii 292.24 ). (of snowy weather :) inum éicned do dul a cuassaib bruach ann (d'eicnedaib...do dul a cusalaib talman...v.l.), Acall. 3513 . cora alainn...ecne breca ballcorcrai | do lingdís os a cindse BCC § 355a = KMMisc. 314.26 . Eas Ruaid...cén beit eicne ga imlúad, Ériu iv 150 . dar Ess Ruaid ecne n-amra LL 7a24 (= Leb. Gab.(i) i 104 , where it is glossed by: na mbradán mór). an t-éigne ó Eas Ruaidh, TD 17.35 . mar ṡeargus sibh na sreabha | nách iomchruid na héigneadha, 15.53 . As an edible: dobert ind inailt in méis...┐ in t-éicne fonaithe fuirre isé fuillechta fo mil, LL 251a43 .

Somet. apparently as a generic term for fish: ro bendach Crist na cóic bairgena ┐ in dá écne, Ériu ii 198.24 . cf. sneachta... ┐ aig anaicenta...co ro la ar di cethraibh ┐ enaibh ┐ eicnibh, AU 916 . táinig gorta... | do bhí sí ar an ealtain éan | do bhí ar éignibh an aigéan, TD 15.30 .

in t-eiccne ercoitech .i. ceneli bratan sin, CCath. 4149 (= echeneis Luc. Phars. vi 675 ). Esp. in mystical or religious significance (the significance of the salmon in Irish pre-Christian cults seems to have blended with the use of the fish as a Christian symbol): ecne dergoir (the form said to have been assumed by the supernatural begetter of a saint) Fél. 112.25 (Ap. 7, Comm.) . éigne órda (a magical salmon) ML 38.34 . See also below (Meton.), and cf. . Fig.: is mise Fintan fili | nirsam écne óenlindi, Metr. Dinds. i 4 . mé an t-éigne is é ar mearaghadh | cuir slán ar an inbhear inn | ón trágh a inghean Iaichim, Dán Dé xv 11 . xiv 6 .

Meton., of a hero, champion: arsid Eorpa. eigni tuindi BB 290a1 = IT iii 72 § 29 . aitreabh gach aoinéigne of every nobleman Ó Bruad. iii 14.5 . The punning line: eicni nach bi err 'na adrad (of Christ), ACL iii 242 § 12 , is probably to be referred to the use of the fish as an emblem of Christ. Transf., of a banner, standard (?): ra arthraigsetar dam dna éicne n-án n-anrud ┐ timthachta na trenḟer LL 236b1 (nan added above; leg. é.¤ na n-ánrud? = étaige ┐ timthaige...na rig ┐ na tóisech, TTr.² 889 . Cf. eccim ?).

eithre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eithre or dil.ie/19905

n end, extremity: eithre .i. err no deireadh no criochnughadh, oir adeirthear eithre re deireadh míosa no bliadhna ┐ adeirthear eithre re herr bhradáin ┐ gach éisg oile, O'Cl. ethri .i. deriud, Fél.² cxxvii ( = LB 94 ). sernait ethre nAuguist, Fél. Aug. 31 , Oct. 31. slabrad im a bragait ┐ eithre na slabraidhe tria cairthi toll the end of the chain LL 393b44 = Otia ii 86.13 . A tail; fin, appendage: eithre muirmhil fuirre iar n-iartar (of a péist), Lism. L. 2223 . bradán airgdidhe co n-eithribh órdha with fins of gold Cóir Anm. 133 . bratan..., tri duirnn ┐ da mer a ḟada eithri a braighead `the length of its neck-fin' RC xviii 32.30 ( = a eite brághat, AFM 1113 ). Fig.: eithre n-ela (of a hero) IT i 104.4 . as eit[h]readha maighre mhóir | slóigh cleit[h]gheala bhaidhbhe ó mBriúin, IGT, Decl. ex. 1583 . Eithne agus Bóinn | dá eithre óir a haoineirr, TD ii 191.19 ( 23 L 17, 102a ). Phr.: ethre i mbéolu aisneisen recapitu- lation (?) Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 5 . COMPD. (?) bradán ethrech-brec `fin-speckled' Fianaig. 58.3 .

1 eó, eú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 eó, eú or dil.ie/20128
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: eo, iaich, eó, iach, eo, iaich

n k, m. ( Thurn. Hdb. 196 ; RC xv 99 ; cf. 4 é) a salmon: n s. eo .i. bratan, TBC-I¹ 1045 (éu LU). O'Cl. `eo' éigne, LL 395a8 = Metr. Gl., Ff. § 5 . eó Banna the salmon from the Bann TD 17.35 = O'Gr. Cat. 429.10 . iasc ... .i. leth-eo cednama [cf. Anecd. i 1.13 cited below at gp.] no eo colgnama (the complement of fish for an allowance of twenty cakes), Laws v 40.23 . g s. (a) focress i mmuir ...co frith i mmedon ïach, Hy v 72 (with gl.: .i. bratan, Thes. ii 345.14 ). focheird cor n-iach n-erred de, FB 87 . LU 19b12 = MU 48.27 (see below at as.). bás iach, Triads 92 . (b) i rricht iaich , LU 40a16 . i rricht iaich abae, Imr. Brain ii 292.14 = LU 16b39 . cnaim inn iaich snamha RC xviii 382.20 ( = bratain, l. 17 . Keat. ii 5404 ). (c) eite eó , Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 17 § 20 . a s. fochiur an ich issan saile, Anecd. i 73.6 ( = bratan, 73.3 ). dobert iach (perp.) 73.7 . Esp. in phr. (foceird) ích n-erred makes a hero's salmon-leap (?) FB 24.51 . IT i 310 y . RC xi 452.138 ; 448.77 . cen ich n-errad, Ériu i 116.26 . itir ubull-chleas...┐ ith n-errath, TBC-I¹ 1502 (ích n-erred LU). Cf. dober for a rinn eeich brecai a Bōinn, ZCP viii 120.20 , where the adj. is apparently pl. but see ZCP xxix 313 n. 54 . Later form: as tú an beó... | do-ní idir eó ┐ énlaith, IGT, Decl. ex. 651 . d s. tri saegail an eoinsin ... | don eo baill-bric, don bradan , B. Fermoy 156b8 . n p. no lingtis suas frisind eassam...iaich thruim tolgaidh, Snedg. u. Mac R § 11 = YBL 12a23 (eas-sain ?). iaich breca bedcaca ZCP xiii 278.5 . iaich Berba bruinne, LL 297a34 . lingit ich bricc, Imr. Brain 38 . g p. oc teluch na n-iach cet[s]nama [cf. cit. fr. Laws v 40 above ], Anecd. i 1.13 . aclaid iach ZCP xiii 278.3 . Cf. trenasc iach treiach eo, BB 14a14 = ZCP v 184 (where eo = ibar, cf. Lism. L. xli 14 ).

Special use: eó fis salmon of knowledge (an item of Irish mythology, see Dinds. 59 , and cf. secht mbliadhna do F. for Bóin oc urnaige iach Linne Feic, air dobuí a tairrngire do eo Féic do tomailt, ocus cen ní 'na ainfis itir iarum. frith in mbradan, etc. Oss. iv 300 x = RC v 201.20 ). ni thig dīnd āiream a sciath... | muna ethaind in t-eō fis | ni ḟētfaind beath ris..., ZCP viii 227 § 11 . As epithet: eó fis forlámaighthe gacha feasa,...eadhon Fionntán fáthach... ML 96.7 .

pn Freq. as complimentary epithet of hero or leader: a éo óir, a Ḟir diad, TBC-LL¹ 4066 . in t-éo óir, Find mac Cumaill, Acall. 2531 . an t-eó a fionnchaladh Fréamhann (of Conn O'Donnell) TD 1.52 . leis an eo ó easaibh Leamhna, Ó Bruad. iii.48.3 . In religious contexts this epithet may have a mystical significance: in t-éo flaithemhnais... .i. Pátraic, Acall. 64 . in t-eō sēnta cas corcra (of Christ), ACL iii 245.8 . eo na dtrí dtobar (of same), Dán Dé xii 4 .

3 erc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 erc or dil.ie/20225

n ( RC ii 326 . xix 353 ) a speckled fish; trout, salmon: earc .i. bradán , O'Cl. Cf. 2 erc.

ette

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ette or dil.ie/20940
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ette, eite, eitte, eti, ette, etteda, eitidha, eiteadha, ette, etti, eiteda, eiteadha, itte, eited, eiteagh, itib, etteib, etti, eiteadhaib, ette

n f. (?) n s. ette, Sg. 67a7 . eite, IGT, Decl. ex. 1110 . g s. eitte, SR 624 . n p. eti, LU 3265 . ette, LB 176b33 . etteda, 176b48 . eitidha, YBL 85a17 . eiteadha, TD 20.45 . a p. ette, LU 2281 . etti, LB 243b46 . eiteda, RC xxvi 140.1 . eiteadha, TD 20.51 . g p. itte, SR 1026 . eited, Ériu ii 120.12 . eiteagh, iii 160.26 (ítech, gl. avium pennarum Ml. 40c9 , seems to be the adj.: of winged birds, see ettech). d p. itib, Ml. 80a7 . ZCP viii 108.18 . etteib, SR 622 . etti, Rawl. 79a29 . eitib, Ériu iii 156.18 . Acall. 6277 . eiteadhaib, TSh. 175c .

I A wing, pinion; fin:

(a) in lit. sense: ette (gl. pinna) Sg. 67a7 . ho itib (gl. alis) Ml. 80a7 . ro fersatar [in énlaith] gleic dia n-itib frisin loch, Dinds. 68 ( neitib, BB 385bz ). forluathar ar ite `it speeds on the wing' Ériu ii 120.13 . tennait [ind eóin] a n-ette fria curpu, LU 2281 . tré sciath n-ete indala heóin, 3282 . do chroitis [na heóin] a n-eiteda, RC xxvi 140.1 . fosccud a eitedh in tan sgailes uadha iat, Ériu ii 120.12 . i n-ettib Hiruphin the wings of the cherubim Rawl. 79a29 . aingel Dé...┐ cethri hette fair, PH 2094 . etti iarnaidi leo (of locusts), Ériu ii 194.1 . Fin: bradán...tri duirn ┐ dá mhér i fad a eite brághat `the fin of its neck' AFM ii 996.10 . eite éo, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 17.9 (corresp. to cnáimh bradáin, Keat. ii 5404 ).

(b) transf. the wing of an army: gia ra thiasmáis i ndib carptib ánd itte co araile from one wing (of an army) to another TBC-LL¹ 5863 (ón eti, on eite, v.l.). .dc. marcach isin dara heiti dib in one wing CCath. 4876 . eitedha catha Cesair, 5701 . doronsat eitedha catha dia marcshluagh...dia ndíbh leithibh, Hugh Roe 166.14 (f. 44b) . ? To this: do chuir mac Éigneachán eite | d'fhearann gach ríogh ris a-muigh 'the son of Éigneachán put forth his wing towards the territory of every king adjacent to him beyond his borders', Giolla Brighde 18 § 27 ​. Peak or tail of cloak (?): eiti brec baí 'na mhatal, Cóir Anm. 126 .

II A feather, plume: enlaithi Abuaidi...nochu torchair eite asa sciathaib na cluim o thosach domuin, Ériu ii 128.6 . ni dechaid eti dib, YBL 85a23 . Here also, probably: teag...┐ se lethtuighthi do eitib en, IT iii 195.5 , 15 . ZCP viii 108. 18 . Acall. 787 . Of some part of a spear: laigen .i. gai co n-eitib, TBC-I¹ 2563 .

As npr.: Ingen ┐ Ette (names of two birds) IT iii 243. 248 = Eti ┐ Sengan, BB 384b19 . Cf. Eitte is Engan, Dinds. 66 .

1 fer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fer or dil.ie/21665
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fer, fear, fir, fer, fear, fir, fiur, fior, fir, firu, fira, fiora, fer, feraib, fearaib, firu, fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fer, Fir, Ḟir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, fer, ferchrechta, ferdrai, ferghlonna, ḟermeic, fermaicc, fermogh

n o, m. n s. fer, Sg. 190b3 , Wb. 10b23 , 11c17 , 22c9 . fear, IGT, Introd. § 151 . v s. fir, Wb. 10a10 . a s. fer, 9d16 ; 31 . 10a3 ; 9 . fear, IGT, Introd. § 75 . g s. fir, Wb. 13a12 . LU 3453 . 7085 IGT, Decl. § 65 . d s. fiur, Wb. 3c8 . 10b22 . 22c9 . Ml. 34d6 . Sg. 66a6 . (in MSS of the Mid. Ir. period often spelt fir: LU 8722 . Hib. Min. 14.472 . PH pass. IGT. Decl. § 65 . Early Mod. fior, IGT, Introd. § 73 . §81 . Keat. iii 2535 . TSh. pass. ) n p. fir, Wb. 22c10 . IGT, Decl. § 65 . a p. firu, Sg. 28a6 . LU 7529 . fira, YBL 123ay . IGT, Decl. § 65 . fiora, IGT, Introd. § 78 , § 151 . BNnÉ 104.36 . TSh. 7248 . g p. fer LU 7084 . d p. feraib, Wb. 12d40 . LU 7524 . fearaib, IGT, Decl. § 65 . (feir n s. Wb. 13a6 , a s. 13a20 , g p. 22c10 is merely an odd spelling).

(a) a man (as opp. to a woman): gl. mas Sg. 156b3 ; gl. vir Ir. Gl. 395 . f.¤ a uiro , O'Mulc. 519 . is e in duine cómlan in f.¤ ┐ in ben, PH 5720 . corp na mna no in fhir, 7425 . eter fhir ┐ mnai, 564 . iter mnai ┐ firu 2796 . bása mac la maccu; ba fer la firu, LU 9336 . in n-uair ropo thressiu flaith firu when ale proved stronger than men (acc. for dat.) LL 173a29 ( CRR 13 ). dorochair coíca láech lais ┐ dorochair f.¤ cach ḟir dia muntir a man for each man (i.e. the same number) TFerbe 675 . regaid f.¤ dar f.¤ ScM. § 15 . edhbrais é féin, fioru, macca, mna do Dhia BNnÉ 292.33 . notmuirfider fein feraib macaib mnaibh, Ériu v 154. 133 . cu ro aīnitis uile feraib maccaib mnaib PH 6309 . Used of Deity: F.¤ cotnic brath, MacCarthy 24.16 . don fhir do cum neam ┐ talma[i]n, ZCP vi 87.15 . a Fhir na ndúl, Dán Dé xxix 30 .

Often taking the place of a pronoun: faith cach f.¤ dinaib feraib hí siu each of these men was a prophet Wb. 12d40 . etarcertar oinfer in chrudsin (gl. unus interpretatur) 13a6 . is f.¤ a ddiis one out of two (explaining Lat. uter) Sg. 75b7 . gabaid cach f.¤ díb rind a claidib ..., LU 7089 . da brathair ... f.¤ díb for Temraig ┐ f.¤ for Lagnib one of them ... the other TBC-LL¹ 50 . f.¤ is deichnemor diop eleven of them Fl. Earls 96.24 . ocht rígh 's ceithre fichid fear eighty-eight kings TD 7.49 .

(b) a husband (opp. to ben `wife'): a f.¤ dligid her lawful husband Wb. 3c7 . do fiur indligid, 3c8 . mad co techt di co fer `if it comes to her going to a husband' 9d32 . dorat Hiruath grád di, intan ba beo a f.¤ fen, PH 832 . tuccastair a mac fein cuíce d'fir as husband MacCarthy 288.22 . aoighe mná nach mair a fear, TD 11.32 . Possibly in this sense in poetry folld. by gen. of place-name in addressing a chief e.g. a ḟir Eithne, TD 1.45 (see note), but cf. end of (c).

(c) freq. folld. by a gen. of definition or description: Find f.¤ Umaill (= Umall's son) Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 14.8 (cf. Aenfer Aife, Ériu i 124 ). co f.¤ ṅDe the man of God PH 1363 . fir nime ┐ soscela Crist (i.e. churchmen ) Laws iv 210.7 .

f.¤ fine a tribesman, relative (within a certain degree) ii 282.7 . f.¤ fiadhnaisi rígh one entitled to be in the king's presence Acall. 2362 . f.¤ gualann righ one entitled to sit beside the king 2361 . f.¤ leptha ríg a king's bedfellow 7752 . f.¤ lethlamha rígh (expl. of patric = patricius), CCath. 63 . f.¤ lāime `perpetrator' (operator) Laws i 244.1 Comm. With abstr. noun: is tú f.¤ aurbága fil la Ultu, LU 8147 ( FB 11 ). f.¤ comtha a companion PH 2630 . v s. a fir chumtha, KMMisc. 242 . rem fear cadaigh ┐ cumainn my confederate and comrade TBC-LL¹ 3115 St. f.¤ comlainn cet a match for a hundred 3883 St. f.¤ in braith the traitor PH 5131 . f.¤ éicne a man of violence 7600 . f.¤ na sáinnte the covetous man 7727 . Esp. to denote an occupation or calling (often in stereotyped phrases, the pl. being formed by áes or lucht): f.¤ tige sáet [ = sét] (gl. arcarius) Wb. 7c9 . fear aire a watchman Kirk s. fīs ( Eg. Gl. 299 ). f.¤ altrama a fosterer , see Laws ii 184.14 . f.¤ bleithe miller (?); grinder (?): saer ┐ fer bleithi ┐ fer muilind, CIH i 287.2 . fear bratuighe a standard-bearer AFM vi 2272.4 . Isaiah x 18 . f.¤ baile visionary: ba síd fir buile, Celtica xix 40 § 1 . f.¤ cerdda a craftsman RC xxvi 44.2 . f.¤ dána a poet CRR 30 . fear dlighidh lawyer Titus iii 13 . f.¤ eclasa churchman Laws v 132.4 . f.¤ fiadaig a hunter Fianaig. 56.31 . f.¤ fognama serving-man Laws ii 390z . f.¤ forcsi spy LU 5404 . fear friotuil, mînighte `an Interpreter ' Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 278 ). f.¤ grād a man in orders Laws v 132.4 . f.¤ inaid a deputy; d'fior ionaid a bprionnsa, AFM vi 2116.16 . f.¤ léighinn a professor , one of the six officers of a monastery ZCP iv 234 . coibnius hi fer léighinn ib. ` lector ' AU 1034 , 1040 , 1042 , etc. f¤ muilinn miller: saer ┐ fer bleithi ┐ fer muilind, CIH i 287.2 . f.¤ uird rainne dispenser, butler TBC-LL¹ 134 . f.¤ spirdo (spirto ?) diviner ( ZCP xxvii 65 ): imaicci fer spirdo laim Chuirc, Anecd. iii 57.17 . f.¤ suic ploughman Laws i 194.26 . f.¤ suirge a lover RC xxxii 134 . fer tecuisc a teacher , one of the six officers of a monastery ZCP iv 234 . f.¤ tige a husbandman, house-holder: fear tighe (synon. with túathannach), Kirk s.v. criadhaire ( Eg. Gl. 111 ). fear an tighe host TD 12.8 . is cóir dona fearaib tighe ... a mbeangáin do scathadh husbandmen Corp. Astron. 46.20 . f.¤ tíre a landowner : dotét fer tíre co fíadnaib lais ... for tí inna mbech 'the owner of the land comes in pursuit of the bees accompanied by witnesses', Bechbretha 189 (e)​ . Folld. by vn. phrase: f.¤ brithe lésboiri a candle-bearer, acolyte Wb. 25d3 . f.¤ dénma bairgine (gl. pistor) Sg. 184b3 . do fir fert[h]ana na cneidhe the inflicter of the wound Laws iii 368.5 . fear a furtochta her deliverer TD 1.39 . fear tabhartha an dlighe lawgiver Numbers xxi 18 . In sense of owner, possessor: ig fir in craind ... ig fir na mbeach, Laws iv 188 Comm. Cf. Fer baile na gcerd .i. Maoilre Búrc; Fer baile úi Bharra .i. Séfrún, Caithr. Thoirdh. i 161 .

(d) in pl. folld. by gen. of place, inhabitants: fir betho, Ml. 16c5 . di feraib Herend nach di feraib betha BDD 94 . rí fer Fáil, LU 2811 . tar cenn fer in betha, Fél. Ep. 414 . fir domain, PH 1074 . fir in airthair ... fir in tuaiscirt, 5381 . f.¤ in tside men of the sídhe, elves BDD 3 . fir hÉrenn, Hy ii 52 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 499 ; 659 . cethra fer nAlban IT i 74.2 . la firu Herend fri firu Alban, BDD 106 . fir Ulad IT i 138.1 . fir Saxan, TD 16.2 . Commonly used to form tribal names (often applied to territory as well as people, the word fir being inflected), e.g. Fir Bolg, Fir Domnand. Fir Galeoin, Fir Manach, etc.; Fir Ól n-écmacht. See Hog. Onom. s.v. Fir; Rawl. Index.

(e) transf. of things or animals; f.¤ fidchilli chessman LU 9073 ( FB 82 ). cindas gontar ind fir ? how are the men taken ? (at chess) Ériu v 32.19 . Of a drinking-horn: f.¤ uaine, corn do bhí ac Finn ... f.¤ tuillidh corn Glais, Acall. 151 ; 154 . Of a bird: f.¤ fann ... focain aird ucht, RC v 202.10 . rinn binn buide fir duib druin, Murphy Lyrics 6 § 6 . céola fer mbrundederg forglan, Ériu xxii 51 , cf. Murphy Lyrics 16 § 24 . ecal fer | fann fet, Ériu xxii 43 § 14 . Of a fish: cend fir tuinde (glossed caput piscis) Hib. Min. 47.19 . Cf. fer tuinn[e] .i. brattan a salmon O'Dav. 1014 . Exceptionally of animals to denote sex: ar geig on fir torrach in banēn, Hy Maine 103 vb24 . bainéan ... ┐ dias ḟear a hen-bird and two cocks TD 15.26 . In the name of a bird , see eiden(n). Humorously applied to butter, ib. 37.6 .

(f) in gramm., person: cētfear illda sumus .i. atamait first person plural Auraic. 307 = ceudpersa, 2675 .

(g) With follg. gen. or adj., forming n.pr. e.g. Fer báeth: LU 6024 . i ndegaid Fir Baíth, 6025 . voc. a Fir Baith, 6023 . As name of a horse, Acall. 271 . F.¤ bend (`man of horns' ? See Heldensage 94 ), gen. Fir bend, TBC-LL¹ 2149 . 2164 . F. caille (`man of the forest,' cf. Lat. Sylvanus, Silvaticus) BDD 39 . voc. a Fir chaille, 110 . ¤cetharraid: gen. Fir cetharraid, Rawl. 144a30 , 162d44 . F.¤ coctha (see cocad): gen. Fir choctha, Rawl. 159b35 . F.¤ corb, Fianaig. 12.13 . gen. Fir chorb, Rawl. 128b33 . d'Fior corb mac Modha Cuirb, AFM A.M. 4727 . F.¤ da chrích: Fer da chrích, Trip. 520. 8 ; 542.30 ; AU 767 . Rawl. 146f43 . gen. Fir da crich, AU 746 . Rawl. 127b45 . Fer dá liach, Rawl. 149a43 . F.¤ dét (cf. Lat. Dentatus): do Fir dét, TBC-LL¹ 2147 . F. diad (`man of smoke') TBC-I¹ 2215 . TBC-LL¹ 3004 etc. ra Fer ṅdiad, 3231 . 3979 . gen. Fir diad, LU 6707 . TBC-I¹ 2210 . TBC-LL¹ 3217 . voc. a Ḟir diad, 3111 . F.¤ febe. (cf. feb) gen. Fir Febe, TBC-I¹ 159 = Fir aba, TBC-LL¹ 393 . F.¤ filed (see fili), Rawl. 156b2 . gen. Fir ḟiled, ib. 3 . Lism. L. p. 342.1 . F.¤ glan, gen. Fir glain, Rawl. 158.40 . F.¤ gráid: Fer graidh ri Caisil, AU 960 = Fer graidh mac Cléirigh, AFM 958 ; 959 . Cf. Fer Graid mac Ailgenain (a king of Munster) ZCP xix 94.1 (Synchr.). F.¤ le (lé): BDD 9 (om. LU) cf. BDD² p. 73 . F.¤ lí, Fianaig. 68.28 . gen. Fir lí, 74.22 . F.¤ Lugdach (`son of Lugaid' ?): gen. Fir Lugdach, Rawl. 119a23 . F.¤ mara (`m. of the sea'), gen. sil Fir mara, Rawl. 130b12 . F.¤ mór gen. Fir moir, RC xvi 135 ( Dinds. 131 ). F.¤ raith: gen. Fir raith, Rawl. 144a31 ; cf. Fir roith, 119a26 . F.¤ rogain, RC xv 421 . BDD 46 . F.¤ rogein, 9 . voc. a Fir; Rogain, 66 ( LU 7006 ). gen. Fir rogain, BDD 79 . F.¤ taí, Fianaig. 68.27 . gen. Fir tái, 70.19 . Fir thái, 70.26 . F.¤ Techet: gen. Fir Thechet, Rawl. 158.40 . See Rawl. Index .

Compds.

(1) to denote sex, fer is prefixed to the name of an animal or to a nomen agentis which may be used of both sexes; rarely with a subst. exclusively masc. in application, e.g. fermac;

(2) with adjectival force = pertaining to a man or men, intended for a man, manly , etc.

fer-amus a mercenary: feramus, Rawl. 113a9 ( ZCP xv 310 ). fer-amus no ban-amus ` man-servant ' Ériu ii 204.22 . ¤bolcum draught for a man: cethri fichit ferbolcumm as much as eighty men will drink MacCongl. 101.7 . ¤bratán: in fear-bradan , Hy Maine 103vb13 . ¤chara a male friend CCath. 1137 . ¤chend a man's head TBC-I¹ 1453 . ¤chland: eitir ferchloinn fhinn `the fair children of men' (or of Finn ?) BS 24.17 . ¤choic a man-cook ACL iii 241 § 7 . ¤chol sodomy Ériu vii 144.16 . ¤chrécht a wound: pl. na ferchrechta , Fianaig. 94.5 . ¤chubat, ¤chumat a man's length: fercubat fir, Trip.² 2992 . fercumat, LU 5858 . See separate article below. ? ¤chur a warrior, champion: fearchur .i. curaidh no gaisgeadhach feardha, O'Cl. ¤dál: dá céad feindidh ferdhála `of manly encounter' Duan. F. i 90.28 . ¤dam a bull Laws iv 100.21 Comm. ¤dord: canaid ... f. do contuli friss, LU 6312 ( TBC-I¹ 1810 ). ¤dorn a man's fist Ériu iv 32.3 . As measure: med ferdor ceachtar n-ai YBL 118a40 . tri ferdhuirnn ar airdi three hands in height Maund. 186 . ¤druí a druid: n du. dá ferdrai , RC xliii 24.7 . ¤ech a stallion: in feirech ┐ in baineach, Acall. 256 . ¤échtus a manly attack Laws i 64.13 (see ZCP xviii 102 ). ¤fuine baking or kneading done for a man: damna teora mbairgen ferfuine ┐ a sé do banfuine, Laws ii 176.18 Comm. cf. iv 116.6 . v 30.23 . ¤gaiscedach warrior: cona seisser ... bangaiscedach ┐ cona seisser ... fergaiscedach, Acall. 5128 . ¤gal valorous man (?): in forba fergalach (fergal, v.l.) foltgarb, RC xxiv 192 § 3 , Cín Chille Cúile 86 . ¤gein male descendant : feirghein deimin deimnigim, Leb. Cert.² 156.13 . ¤ glac a man's hand, grasp: (as measure): cainnel cethri ferglac, Cáin Ad. § 2 . ag teora fer-glacc, MacCongl. 3.14 . ¤glond a manly exploit , pl. ferghlonna, MR 264.7 . ¤gním a man's act; a brave deed: (of Cú Chulainn :) is áes ingini macdacht ... ┐ ní thángatár a fergníma beus, LU 4851 . ben cédmuinterais ... ar as i bfeirghniomha gaibhther, Ériu xiii 31.30 . cf. ara fen fergnima (apparently = gníma a fir), O'Mulc. 327 ( Ériu xi 217.1 ). tri fergnima Conaild, Fél. 70.35 . fri coibled fergním, LU 10268 , cf. ZCP iii 235.2 . Hence adj. fergnímach manly in action: cóic ingena ... bátar fergnímaig forthriúin, Metr. Dinds. iii 88 . ¤gnúis a man's face: nā bānaiter fergnúsi, LU 8426 ( FB 29 ). ¤insce, ¤innsgne masculine gender: ferinnsci lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ... lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 521 . ainm feirinnsgne IGT, Introd. § 157 . ¤`a man's day,' a day lucky for men: tri ferlae .i. dardáin, áine, domnach, Triads 217 . ¤lám a man's arm, hand (as measure): fot ferlama da crund, CCath. 5604 . ¤leó a lion PH 3439 . ferléo ┐ bainleo BNnÉ 84.27 . ¤les(s) a man's thigh (?): feraid fodil di ferlessaib ar óenathib Ulad strews warriors' limbs (?) LU 6122 ( TBC-I¹ p. 61 n. 7 ). ¤mac a male child: cach f.¤ arosloice broind a mathar, Laws iii 38.8 . v s. a ḟermeic (of a hound), Acall. 5578 . n p. fermaicc, Fél. Nov. 5 . cf. fearmhaic .i. fir neartmhara, O'Cl. ¤míl a male animal: cach fermil (.i. cach mil fearda), Laws iii 38.11 . ¤mug a male slave: fermogh, Acall. 7222 . noenbar banmhogad ┐ triar fermhogad, 954 . caoca fermhogh, BS 104.31 . ¤óclach a warrior: fertraig feroclaig, LU 8400 ( FB 27 ). sliasait ferócclaich, CCath. 191 . gérsat calma na ferogláigh, Acall. 40 . ¤thincur the property brought by a man when marrying: ben for fertincur, fer for bantincur, Laws ii 356.7 . lanamnus mná for ferthinucur, 380.23 ( SM Facs. 42b ). See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 83 ; 126 . ¤thraig a man's foot (as measure): fertraig LU 8400 ( FB 27 ). comla ... i mbatár tri fertraigid dia tiget, LU 1443 ( MU² 915 ). tricha ferrthraiged, LL 265b28 ( MU² 508 ). tricha fertraighed, ZCP viii 545.30 . se fichit fertraigh RC xliii 80 § 82 . ¤thraigthech a foot-soldier: ic fosugud na ferthraigthech, Ériu viii 38.28 . See also ferbolg, —chú, —chubat, —chuitred, —doman, —gnia, —scál.

fonaithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fonaithe or dil.ie/23235

Forms: fonaidhe

adj io-iā (part. of fo-noí) cooked, baked, roasted . mucc f.¤ , LU 4946 . mucc ḟ.¤ , LL 246a14 . éicne f.¤ , TBFr. § 23 . orda do bradan fhonaithi, Lism. L. 2736 . secht ndoim ... ┐ siad uili fonaigthi, RC xxiv 64 § 26 . ba Magh Liffe madh co sé, indiu as magh f.¤ ticubsa dia athfuine ` scorched ' AFM 705 (poem). (Fig.) gurbham fīrēn fonaide | iar mbruindiudh duit cech baeghail refined, perfected (?) ACL iii 231.2 . ? felghalair [v.l. felgabur, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i. 71 ] fonaidhe, BB 295b45 = IT iii 103 § 196 .

guin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. guin or dil.ie/26798
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: guin, goin

i, n. vn. of gonaid (later f., guin goin, IGT Decl. § 42 ).

I the act of wounding or slaying by wounding ; a wound : a nguin cosind saigit áin, Ml. 133a4 . gae gona éisc `a spear for killing fish,' Sg. 37b20 . ar bádud ar guin, Thes. ii 357.12 . nith .i. guin duine, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 31 . nad-raba cen guin duini ... cach ōenlaithi, Sc.M² 16 . ba fer[r] búaid a n-anacail oldás buaid a ngona, BDD § 96 . folaimtis a guin cacha fechtais no theigead `they would almost kill him ...,' ib. § 19 . fobith gono Fergusso, AU i 90.12 (an. 617) . guin Flainn Aenaig, ib. i 106.18 (an. 643) . ní maith ra loṅgis Ulad | guin a meic, TBC-LL¹ 2793 . Orláb mac Ailella ... do guin, ib. 1431 . itó-sa lín do gona ┐ t'airlig, ib. 434 . mairg cách ... | ro lámair a ṅguinsom, Fél. Prol. 58 . guin chuirp tre esce, Laws ii 34.3 Comm. im guin no im gait for a tuathaib, ib. iv 52.2 Comm. caite fiach gona espuic oighe ?, iv 362.21 . crecha ... ocus gona ocus scoilte, i 58.12 Comm. fer laime derga laes na gona and, 244.2 Comm. in bradan bis isin ait ..., slan a aen-guin `a single thrust [at it] is lawful,' v 484.9 Comm. dar a áltaib ┐ dar a ilgonaib, TBC-LL¹ 4428 . tucus forru a guin co láigin tria n-a thoeb, PH 3843 . adbath Fiachra dia guin, RC xxiv 184.15 . doberr guin crūaid im c[h]raidi, ACL iii 239 § 20 . rogeghin secht ngoine dēac seventeen wounds had wounded him, Ériu ii 15.20 . tuc ... .xxx. gon ó ladhair a choisi có [a] urla air, Acall. 1917 . co slechtaibh gon ┐ aladh ┐ césta fair, RC xxviii 316 § 24 . ba doigh lais co roibhi fein marbh ona gonuibh, ZCP vi 37.10 . it ē saigdi goine sūain | ... sercoi lie gnāsa, Ériu ii 15.22 . tar a bhfuair do ghonaibh arm | is é Líoghairne rosmharbh, Content. vi 257 . a náire dá ghoin don taoibh amuigh, TSh. 4089 . gona chneadh an pheacaidh, ib. 1458 . do ghoimh na ngon do himreadh leó uirre, 2977 . is beag liom bás gan barr-ghoin pian doibh, ZCP v 227.890 ( ZCP v 227 ). Of taking pieces in a game: imirt ar nguin ghallbhrannuibh; | fian Ghall do ghuin ar mbranáin 'a game of chess after the king has been check-mated; the foreign set of pieces checked our king', Giolla Brighde 138 § 14 .

Compd. guin-aided death by wounding : g s. tofesar gnīm guinaitte, Fianaig. 38.26 .

II Of the moon, the wane, decrease : as i an med sin dorcaidter don cuid soir de (viz. den ré) ar a guin, Ir. Astr. Tr. 90.14 . gach áon ... do bhiodh tinn lé goin an ré moon-struck, lunatic, Matthew iv 24 . ní ceart an clúdach do thógaint den chorcán le linn guin na rae (mod.), GJ xiii 207a8 .

III = Lat. punctum in the sense clause, short section of discourse. See TSh. passim , where there may be a play on words in the association with bior-ghaoithe.

IV ? goin gair ooc im-mullach Thuil Gossi, BDD § 101a = BDD² 1049.

1 íach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 íach or dil.ie/26900

Forms: íach

n o, m. A by-form of g. íach.

a salmon: iach .i. bradán , Eg. Gl. 400. O'Cl. don bhradán is comhainm `íach', Metr. Gl. 11 § 14. iach .i. ... pis[c]is interpretatur , O'Mulc. 706. bás iaich, Triads 92 , v.l. lodsa i rricht iaich (glossed .i. br[a]tán), LU 1351. domfuc tond ós letha lind | í rricht íaich acht mo chend, 3002 . cnáim ind iáich ettig innuáir, Todd Lect. iii 206.8 .

Compds. ¤chnáim: iachchnaimh .i. cnaimh bradáin, O'Cl. ¤lind a fish-pond: i. mor do dénam ... ┐ in i. do línad do fhuil mac mbec, PH 381. piscina lasin Laitneoir, iachlinn lasin nGaedel, Auraic. 1092.

See 1 eó.

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