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1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

1 brága

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 brága or dil.ie/6482

 

Forms: brág(a)e, bráige, brághat, brágha, bráighi, brághaid, braiget

n earlier brág(a)e t. Also bráige. Later f. g s. na brághat , IGT Decl. § 11 (54.13) , see also forms brágha bráighi f. in IGT s.v. 2 brága. Later n s. brághaid, ZCP v 211.5 (Midn. Court).

I

(a) neck, throat, gullet: bráge gl. ceruix, Sg. 50a10 . braga .i. bir-āga. Āige ainm bir. Nō bara āig í ar menci airlig na bragad, Corm. Y 161. braighe no muinél, SG ii 473.43 . to choise hi nglas, to braghat hi slabraith, Bürgschaft 23.4 (cf. Ériu xix 71 § 35 ). Morund nícon ruc breth cin sin ima braghuit `without . . . a chain around his neck', Laws i 24.25 Comm. gaī trīat brāgit . . . ro-loitt . . . féthi do brāgat , Sc.M² 14. in chráeb . . . eter in ṁbrágit ┐ in n-agid, Fraech 202 . ba gilithir snechta oenaidchi a brági ┐ a chnes, TFerbe 44 . ór fo brāigtib, ZCP viii 302.28 . láma cáich dib dar brágait a céli, PH 1697. íar nglenamain cnáma bratan in a bragit when a salmon bone stuck in his throat, LU 4058. tachtad ar brágtib, 2426 . ron tart a b.¤ (: cána) his throat dried up, LL 21168. bat itadaigh na braichti (braigde, v.l.), CCath. 2579. geal a bhrāighdhe bán a b[h]onn, KMMisc. 362.3 . do-ratsat a lama tar braigit araile ┐ ro pocsat a cele, Grail 1094 . dod bhrághaid bháin, DDána 19.11 . an bhrágha dar bhean a glas the neck she (sc. Mary) freed from chains, 7.10 . atá do bhráighe mar thor ibhori, Cant. vii 4. dá nathair nimhe . . . timchioll a brághad, Mac Aingil 2732 .

Of animals, etc. fo brágit cech eich, Fraech 28 . im braigit na cethra, Laws i 142.13 Comm. i mbrágtib na n-ocht mbiast (of infernal monsters), LU 2156 ( FA 22 ). gabhus sí an mhuc ar bhrághaid `by the neck', Oss. vi 142.21 . ar fairsinge a bragat of its (a raven's) craw, O'Mulc. 122.

Fig. of persons: brágha chatha Choirrshléibhe `the vanguard of the troop of C.', O'Hara 1472. (of a warrior) brágha míonmhaicne Míleadh, DDána 73.36 .

Attrib. g s. huball braiget ` Adam's apple, thyroid cartilage ', Bretha 2A . Cf. ar mheall do bhrághad, Keat. Poems 1195. fri huball brāgad in chon, TBC-I¹ 524. cnocc bráget see cnocc. anagaidh . . . tuitim an tsine Ṡeaain ┐ na cat mbraghat quinsy (?), C IV 2, 30vb 17 (see Études Celt. iii 368 § 8 ). esbada brágat , see 1 esbaid.

Of other parts of the body: a cur a mbragaid an lésa neck of the bladder, O'Gr. Cat. 272.9. do chuir an cenn ele don cengal ima bhraighid `across his chest', Stair Erc. 1961. le himurcrachaib na sróna ┐ na bráighedh `of . . . the lungs— the chest' (Gloss.), Reg. San. 21 § ix . ra tescfaitis lim-sa bráigte fer for bráigte fer `trunks of men', TBC-LL² 4708 . (in rhet.) crennait brain braigte fer, 4603 . Hence by metonymy body, person; life (?). In legal contexts: a feronn ria na braighid, a braigh fa deoigh `his land (is forfeited) before his neck, his neck last', Laws iv 264.14 . Cf. a ferunn re na braighe `before his person' (of the order in which distraint is levied upon a debtor), ii 40.25 Comm. co tuctar [a lan] log a mbraigit doib dar a cenn (of selling misbegotten children), iii 540.21 Comm. tri .xx. unga do or . . . ┐ lan logh braghad in treas oeitire `full compensation for the life of', AU i 560.13 .

(b) Extended applications: gabul fo brāigit neck (of a spear), Fing. R. 1011. a dhā c[h]raīsigh . . . co m[b]unc[h]oraib óir deirg im a bhráighdib, ML² 1485. darsin mbragait `over the neck' (of a harp), Lism. L. xiv 32 . braigit na linne millrace , Todd Nenn. 200.5 . (of a sea strait) isin mbráighit cumaing bui eiter in cuan ┐ in fairrgi, CCath. 1379. as don fhocal ēns[h]iolla sin goirthear `bráighe' i.e. the monosyll. at the end of even lines in metre sédna, Graim. 3638. In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. s. braig- , bragad , bragaid .

II In prepositional phrases. fo braigit na Samhna `at the approach of', ALC ii 134.6 . fa bhrághaid Mhathghamhna in the presence of M., PCT 642. suidhe i dTeamhraigh 'na rígh fa bhrághaid Néill supplanting N. as king, Keat. ii 6263. do thogair D. an mac do b'óige don dís teacht fá bhrághaid a dhearbhráthar, 2841 . foesamh graid flatha tar braigit fini to the prejudice of (?), Laws iv 208. 25 Comm. manab tar braghait fine `against the will of', 288.21 Comm. gerruis clann R. an tslighe tar bhrághuid clann I. `made their way in front of . . .', Rel. Celt. ii 200.28 . tucastar . . . ceithri coisceimenda dochum araile tar braigit na sleg past, Acall. 4734.

In phr. gaibid for (ar) brágait takes prisoner or captive (? lit. by the neck, cf. 2 brága): gabaid [Ísu Críst] for bragaid Sattan, PH 3925. gabais ar braigtib eat uile `took them all prisoners', RC ix 16 § 6.

Compds. With adjj. Eochaid gunnat .i. Eochaid bragfhada, SG ii 473.42 . an gruaidhghil bind brágaitghil, Ériu iv 214.8 . As subst. an bhraighidgheal `the fair-breasted lady', O'Rah. 224.23.

clíab

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clíab or dil.ie/9470
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, m.

(a) basket : cliab gl. qualus, Sg. 49b13 . cliab gl. curuis (leg. corbis), 67a3 . glíab (`for an cliab', edd.) gl. cassillum, PCr. 23a1 . da cliabh deac do forcroidh, Blathm. 34 . do mes iaromh iarna bhuain / di chlubaib ba cet, 104 § 46 (chliabaib, ed.). denam cleib, Laws v 474.4 . méit chléib búana cechtar a dá dordn, LU 6952 (BDD). r[uc] Fergus in cliab ngúalaich the fuel basket, Rawl. 139b25 . da dam déc . . . curtar cléib gela forthib ┐ ócláig imda isna clíabaib sin, RC xiii 68 § 72 (`paniers', SG ii 412.22 ). ba harbor i clīab tóll, MacCongl. 73.18 . do léigeadh síos mé a gclíabh, 2 Cor. xi 33 . in ro fáccbhadh . . . do chliabhaibh lóin, AFM vi 1986.17 . Fig. maille ré ceasaibh ┐ ré cliabhaibh crábhaidh, TSh. 4105 .

Of various objects with a framework of basket-work.

(b) skep, bee-hive : i ngait na cesach bech .i. diabladh in cleib, Laws i 170.19 Comm. cliabh bech, TFrag. 236.2 . fichi cliab i mbítis beich, Leb. Cert.² 1900 .

(c) cradle : cliab noiden gl. cunabulum, Sg. 53a13 . eitiud cleib .i. in t-etach dlegur aice isin cliaban, Laws i 168.2 , 172.33 Comm. dillat cleib dó `a cradle coverlet', ii 176.16 Comm. rod n-alt . . . éseom ┐ tri meic ind ríg i nóenchliab ┐ for áenchích, LU 1665 (ICM). dia mbeid aoinbheóil aoinchiche . . . dia mbeid aonchruinn cliabh cuadh cóir comalta, Ériu xiii 16.18 . Attrib. g s. ferann in mic bic .i. mac cleibh, O'Curry 1127 ( H 3.18, 451b ).

(d) coracle, currach : fer a c.¤ aen[ṡ]luaisti [.i.] duine seo curther a c.¤ áen[ṡ]luaiste amach for muir ina cintaib a one-paddle coracle, H 3.18, 227ay . i n-imrim do eich, do noe, do cleib, do cairr, do charpait, Laws i 166.21 (`basket'). Druim Cliab . . . is and dorónta cleib curaig Caurnain Chasduib, LL 22002 . loscad in chléib ┐ na seched (punishment for fishing on Sunday), Ériu ii 208 § 29 . In phr. c.¤ clis magic coracle(?), (`a hurdle for performing athletic feats on', Plummer MS. notes): is amhlaidh théid Sgáthach d'agallmha na ndee, ┐ clíabh clis fuithe, RC xxix 132 § 47 (`a feat-basket', Gloss.). do bhí Sgathach an tan-sin ┐ í iona clíabh clis, 134 § 48 . luid . . . C. co hairmb i mboi Scatoig. Dobir a di coiss for da mbordaib in clep cliss, ZCP iii 252.2 .

(e) Of the framework of the ribs, breast, bosom: uch mo chliab a nóibingen, Thes. ii xxii 9 (scribal note). roclos bloscbéimnech a chride re ch.¤ , LU 6462 (TBC). mo chridi im chliab, Corm. Y p. 107 n.2 . sceinnis a chridi . . . a miduactur a chléib, LL 22763 . dar compur a chléib ┐ dar farṡiung a bragat , TBC-LL¹ 1022 . do'n ochtmad asna uachtarach chleib a lethi deis Adaim doronta Eua, MacCarthy 48.12 . gur bruidh cliabh ┐ craidhi in cursuin . . . trina cēile (of a horse), ZCP vi 80.34 . artus .i. compur in chleib gl. pernas, Gild. Lor. 71 . mar eala threabhus cliabh na dtonn surface of the waves, O'Gr. Cat. 585.5 . Attrib. g s dear, beloved : a fhir chléibh `my worthy friend', Ó Bruad. i 206 xix . mo dhíograis cléibh, Párl. na mB. 2283 . Fig. i gcliabh chomhghonta an choguais, TSh. 441 .

Compds. With noun. dāil de for chlīabchless (nó cliabach .i. cliab fota mór occai) Clóitige (an epithet), ZCP xii 237 § 58 (Baile in Scáil), cf. cusin clíabglas ón Claítig 'until the Grey-chested one from Claítech', PBerchán § 95 . See also the phr. clíab clis above. cleth-cumgugad a cliab-asnaid ag a comdrud i cenn a cheile framework of the ribs , MR 256.21 . clíabinar sróil sirecda ré chnes inner tunic , LU 6557 (TBC). in cliabgae glaici, TBC St. 3260 . ní robai cen clíabgalar niro loing cen airchissecht, LU 6079 (TBC). leiges in chlīab-galair ` chest-disease ', MacCongl. 98.17 .

With adj. a carcair cliabhchumhuing cenngairb . . . itfrinn ` narrow-chested ', RC xxviii 318 § 36 . a ccoin fheargacha chraos-fhairsing chliabh-dhomhuin ucht-leathann, Feis Tighe Chonáin 20 . ┐ é corpremhur clíabhfairsing, RC xxix 128 § 35 . daltān clīabglan caem, ZCP vi 266 § 2 . fir corpremhra cliabhlethna, Stair Erc. 573 . in Dond Cualngi . . . calma comnart cliabremur, IT iii 246.79 . fer ardmor cliabremar, BB 427b24 .

comḟúaslucad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comḟúaslucad or dil.ie/11235

 

n (fúaslucad) mutual release (of prisoners): T. . . . do lecon amach ar comfuaslacad ┐ G. `was released in exchange for G.', Ann. Conn. 1340.5 (without ┐, AFM iii 568.11 , AU ii 464.8 ). a leiccin amach a comfuaslacad, 1389.7 . comfuaslacad bragat , 1393.8 . fuair siomh a mac . . . do comhḟuasgladh as na braighdhibh rémraite had his son released in exchange for, AFM iii 244.13 .

1 corr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 corr or dil.ie/12513
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj I o, ā. On meanings cf. Loth, RC xxxiv 148 f. , TD ii 188 - 9 . ` tapering, cuspidated, peaked, pointed, jutting out or up, swelling ', Measgra D. 245 . Used of a wide variety of objects, incl. geographical features, places, buildings, weapons, human beings, animals, parts of the body, instruments, vessels, trees. Often somewhat vaguely applied: im Crúachain cuirr, LU 2847 . caidi ced-ainm in chairn chuirr?, Metr. Dinds. iii 356.7 . ón chrích chuirr, Bard. P. 5 . 16 . cathair ch.¤ , IT iii 23.2 . teagh c.¤ colam, IGT Decl. ex. 1343 . .u. claidhim corra catha, BB 273a35 . ar crandaibh camaibh corraibh, IT iii 86 § 91 . mac B. . . . gléchuirr `bright-eminent', Metr. Dinds. iii 272.26 . mac in chleirigh cuirr, AU ii 180.4 `stooped? hump-backed?' Plummer MS notes. fir chorra (of chessmen), Miscell. Celt. Soc. 160.7 . corrmhil c.¤ , IT iii 81 § 59 . a ccomtach a dha ccioch cc.¤ , Ériu iv 55.17 . na ruisg corra chriostalta, Dánta Gr. 13.11 (cf. cuirre). méra corra, IGT Decl. ex. 131 . dá pheinn . . . chuirr, ex. 1101 . pistal cuínge cuírre, IT iii 101 § 181 . fion . . . a cuachuibh corra, Rel. Celt. ii 208.26 . dī chūarán corra, MacCongl. 9.22 . cnóe corra, LL 27688 ( Dinds. 160 ). mínréidh na ród gc.¤ uile, A. Ó Dálaigh liv 2 . leathan thīs ┐ c.¤ t[h]uas (of a drop of milk), B. Fermoy 219b30 cited Duan. F. iii 246 . bainid teas . . . a cnapain corra dib `knobby' (hail- stones), Ir. Astr. Tr. 152.1 .

In more abstract senses: teacht ar druim cuain nó calaidh / ar uair gcuirr níor chleachtabhair, LBranach 6397 perh . `at an untimely hour', Gloss. ? do thréigios geallta corra / ní ghébhainn geall . . . / . . . acht do mholadh, 3406 . caince c.¤ / doní tonn . . . T., Acall. 861 `strange music', Murphy Lyrics 49.10 . laithe corra, TD 18.5 `unsettled', Notes (short?). diebus imparibus . . . .i. is na laithibh corra on odd days, 23 K 42, 57.14 (see subst. use below).

Equat. cuirrither hog luin a di ṡúil, Corm. 36.27 = cuirrit[h]ir, Corm. Y 1059 (91.17) . Compar. cuirre iná c.¤ aurócbála a dhá grúad, Corm. 36.29 . an bhruidhean nach cuirre cnoc, DDána 119.32 . na chíche nach curra an tugh, Rel. Celt. ii 232.10 .

II As subst. ā, [f.] (later somet. o) projecting part, end, corner, peak etc.: barr, críoch, c.¤ , Eg. Gl. 65 . c.¤, adharc, rinn etc., 119 . Used of a wide variety of objects (cf. adj. use supra): co cuirr Chruachain, BS 120.12 . fa cuirr cairrgi, ACL iii 235.20 . san gc.¤ choir(?), apse(?) (of a church), Eochairsg. 113.9 . corra an domhain = ends , Isaiah xli 5 . don chuirr bragat gl. ceruici, Gild. Lor. 133 . do benastar na goithne . . . i c.¤ bragatt na flatha ` nape ', Ann. Conn. 1405.15 . corra braghad `bend of the neck', O'Gr. Cat. 269.13 . re doighteach na naronn ┐ na gc.¤ mbraghad, 23 K 42, 156.6 . saothar mór ar na corraibh braghad, 165.7 (exact sense in pl. not clear). co tuargaib cend ass i coirr a chride (a knife), Fing. R. 328 . gé ro sgoilt cuirr chroidhe, Dán Dé xx 29 . ar chuir mo ghlūin on my knee, KMMisc. 358.23 = chuirr, Gadelica 294.z . corra a n-uillend the points of their elbows, BB 393a12 . ō ch.¤ na huillen go barr an meo[ir] medhoin, O'Mulc. 112 note . cona bachaill . . . cacha bainde . . . noscēed tar a cuirr crook (?), MacCongl. 91.2 . corra in c[h]oicat bachall, Ériu v 28.14 . i corraib bachall `points of croziers', RC xxvi 40.216 (.i. i n-aes graid ┐ i clerchu archena, note). in ferand risin abair c.¤ bachalla (n. loc.?), LB 258 marg. inf. tri mer dua (leg. dia) churr. Mer dia frithchurr. . . lethordlach [leithit a cuil] ar medon trian oca chuirr (a billhook, fidba), O'Curry 883 ( H 3.18, 395a ). a ch.¤ liathroití lubain, IT iii 69 § 12 (2 c.?). c.¤ . . . lamchrann . . . breasdach . . . caomchom (parts of harp), Manners and Customs iii 258 note (refers to violin-type instr., c. the end held against the shoulder, Plummer MS. notes) ` cross tree, or harmonic curve ', Gloss. sccriobhus iad sin a ccuir chruiti, Ériu iv 60 § 49 . Cf. carr. a prora .i. . . . on chuirr thussig prow , Gild. Lor. 49 . in ch.¤ thuisech din churuch sin ┐ . . . in ch.¤ aile the prow, the stern, RC xiv 402 § 9 . leím duine a cuirr a choiti, IGT Decl. ex. 551 . ac cumtach cír im chorraib na luṅgi, LL 30952 (TTr.). ro suigh a cathair cumdachta for curr na halttora, Grail 3397 . ag cuirr dheis na haltóra . . .an churr dheas, Eochairsg. 36.38 (cf. cornu altaris, Du Cange s. cornu ). ar chorruibh bhur naltórach = horns , Jeremiah xvii 1 . c.¤ comdala for dechnaid cumaisc (a metre), IT iii 77 § 43 . ar chuirr sheaghla sheing Sh. hem (?), DDána 99.13 . ? c.¤ laegbili (.i. Oengus) cétáin, ZCP xii 237 § 60 . uaclerigh carbat crin cuirre, IT iii 101 § 181 . is daleic a chuirr fair inna carpat .i. eir for in aile, O'Mulc. 763 . ? i gcórr shliabh (printed as compd.) `mountain pease', Ó Bruad. iii 134.6 .

In phr. céd traiged i tigh C. / ón chuirr go roich a chéle from end to end, Acall. 804 . o chuirr go cuirr, Luc. Fid. 5230 . ón ccorr go chéile, Ezra ix 11 . ón gceann gcurradh go chéile, Trompa na bhF. 204 = de fonds en comble, Gloss.

Note also: c.¤ mór is deich míle much more than, ZCP iii 621 .

In n. loc. Ross dá C.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 306.34 . C.¤ Crúadglórach, 40 . co fán Chorra Eidnige, 128.20 (see Notes). hic corraib Edhnecha, BB 367b26 .

See 2 and 3 c.

Compds. With nouns pointed, peaked, sharp etc.: corr-chathbarr, CCath. 4694 . corr-crechda .i. ainm do cnoc bis a n-étan na n-amatán, O'Dav. 518 (a lump or brand (?) on the forehead of a drúth, identifying him as such, CMCS lxvii 55-71 . See crechda). do cheppaib ┐ do chorrḟótaib . . . talman `round sods', RC xiv 416 § 32 . a chliath chorrga, IT iii 88 § 105 ( Bruchst. 17 § 33 ). na corrgabla siúil ┐ na loṅga luchtfethna, LL 22799 (`bent spars of a sail', CRR 11 ). ? corrgubhul .i. craicann gabair, [ut est] broc choel do chorrgubul gabais etc., O'Dav. 366 . ina corrthair chlaidem ┐ chorr-shleag, MR 214. 23 . tre corrsmál teinedh, Ériu v 104.22 .

With corr- in secondary senses: ? in chorrabhall, Acall. 4530 = SG 186.30 dwarf or crab-apple tree = We. corrafallen, KZ xxxviii 462 , ZCP iv 104 . le hecla corrméinee (sic) na sgoile ` ill-will ', O'Gr. Cat. 131.38 . corr-ecor selba `hinausgehendes Einbringen', ZCP xv 246 § 5 , with corr- in sense of odd (of numbers), 248 (see De Bhaldraithe, Éigse viii 244 ). corr-fhocla ┐ coirrlitreacha Gaoidheilge occasional words, Donlevy v 17 . ? in chorrimirchi `the odd drove', Duan. F. iii 18.42 ( Acall. 4978 ). seasca corr-mholt `smooth . . . wethers', Leb. Cert. 62.x . an tIarla do dhol corrshluagh ceandais feadhna with a small army (?), AFM v 1592.3 . C. . . . Corrbacc, IT ii1 181.191 .

With noun forming adj.: nomen do lestur chor[r]thón gl. futilis, Sg. 56b7 (see GOI 220 , Hermathena xcix 52 ).

With adjj. (in some cases dvandva-compds., in others compds. of subst. corr?): for dá n-echaib . . . corrbeca small-muzzled (?), TBC-I¹ 1973 . do chrāib charrbuidi (: glanbuidi), Bruchst. 66 § 150 = carn-, IT iii 99 § 167 . Leaburcam . . . corrchael, BB 257b25 . claidem cruaidh corr-cotut sharp and hard (?), hard-tipped (?), CCath. 5241 . corrderga (horses), LU 6910 ( BDD 51 ). an cíogh coirrgheal, A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 5 . rosc corrglas, BB 427a36 . demun doescair corrlond, IT i 190.16 ( FA 30 LB).

With adjj. derived from nouns: le céibh dtruim gcorramlaigh ` beauteous ', Magauran 922 . a slebh . . . Corrbennach, BB 23b48 . munter Ch. chorr-beraig of the pointed spears, Metr. Dinds. iii 174.82 . a chailleach, a chuirrchennach ` round-headed (?)', BS 72.13 . is sí . . . chorr-chíchech, Metr. Dinds. iv 140.z . tarclaim C. corr-deibig (sic leg.), Metr. Dinds. iv 8.12 `prominent in fight', Notes (coirrdheabhaidh wrongly expld., O'Cl. ). an barr corrgablach (of hair), Ériu iv 218.8 . teóra hingina corrlámacha Cailitín, Comp. CC 88.8 . S. inghean Chorrluirgnigh, ML 32.10 . i ndúin Caisil choirrshleaghaigh of sharp spears, DDána 74.59 .

Other compds. given as separate entries.

-das-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. -das- or dil.ie/14711

 

Forms: -dos-, -dus-, -tas-, -tos-, -tus-, -as-, -os-, -us-, n, , n,

pron -dos-, -dus-; -tas-, -tos-, -tus-; -as-, -os-, -us- (in connection with co n-, dia n-, &c.) MID.-IR. form of the infixed pronoun of the 3 sg. and pl.; v. Strachan Ériu i 174 sq. The form entered the literature in the early 10th century. Earliest occurrences in Hy. Broc., SR, AU (A.D. 932). Where -da(s)- in early Mid.-Ir. instances is followed by a verb in s- it is uncertain whether the copyist meant -da- or -das-.

I 3 sg. f.

(a) non-rel. use: -das- for OIr. -sn-, -s-. gabais a nathraig do lár Móisi...noscroith nodosai i fleisc SR 3863 (ambiguous). ní ba dícheoil...anim Adaim sunn ifus. rodosamaig hi Pardus, ib. 2200 (ambiguous). rodasbennach, LU 53 a 13 . reraig Hérinn...rodasgab ó muir co muir, LL 146 a 34 . atbiur ná bia Emain feib amal conairnecus. nodasbér i corthair tened, RC xiv 418. 13 (LL). hi Caill hUallech...fordosrala muntir Cluana macc Nóis, Trip. 76. 19 . atát a thaissi hi Ráith Chungai... fordosrala muintir Coluim Chille, ib. 96. 25 .

(b) rel.: -das- for Oir. -da-. ┐ ind crosfigeild fri biad condneoch noduslen (the original had `nodalen') Mon. Tall. 129. 2 . in macc amnas rodasgáid Brigtæ who had besought B. Thes. ii 336. 2 (Hy. Br.). árim cech ṡlúaig...ní ḟail nech rodasfessad, SR 562 . mór in bríg de rodastá ib. 7527 . mael dub fair. ata lim is bó roduslelai (referring to the fem. mael), Siab. Ch. (Add.), Anecd. iii 50. 7 (v.l. rodalig LU; cf. mar bó ataslilad, TBC-LL¹ 1377 ; Oir. rodalelaig). Here also indasfil (Oir. itáa): tecoisc damsa cia airm itá Emain. is cian úait airm indasfil (v.l. áit i bfuil) TBC-LL¹ 884 . is dual deitsi mfithchell...ní cíen di sonn indasfail, Fianaig. 14 st 29 .

(c) after ad-, co n-, dia n-, &c.: -das- for Oir. -da-, -ta-. After ad-: conaccai in ingin oc blegon...atasciid dano oc búain na luachra, RC xxv 28. 3 ( LL 271 a 11 ). a tur Bregoin atchess Hériu...atoscondairc Ith mac Bregoin LL 3 b 9 . mæl glé find fair mar bó ataslilad, TBC-LL¹ 1377 (see b). After co n-: ragsa dochum nEuae conostuc... conasrucur, SR 1665 . tangator in cathraig ele ┐ doráten ri Colum Cille sí...┐ dorodloeg arin mormaer gondastabrád dó, Goid. 108. 23 (Book of Deir). fás tra Hériu... conostoracht Nemed, LL 6 a 12 . conasragaib Partholon (referring to Ériu), ib. 127 a 10 . roinaitcestar spirut deamnata i naraili sruthmáthair...conastuc for dobur so that it brought her CCath. 1060 . focheird rout nurchair din liathróit conastarla dar gincraes a brágat , TBC-LL¹ 1024 . port indasfacca Meidb where he saw her, i.e. Medb ib. 1458 . After dia n-: imsloc in dara súil dó ina chend issed mod dánastairsed fiadchorr tagraim do lár a gruade, LU 79 b 37 (cf. TBC-LL¹ 2603 ). stuag dermár os chind ind ordnide... dianosfaictis roisc doenna, LU 28 a 10 .

II 3 pl. of all genders.

(a) non-rel. use: -das- for Oir. -sn-, -s-. bae dígal for deichtreib...rodoselaig (ambiguous) cech sluag saer rodosdedaig fo dubraen, SR 6549 . rí cos tuctha da galar...immuich ar bélaib in tṡlúaig rodashícc isind oenhúair, ib. 7636 . ní ḟuil olc nár dernsamar riu. ratasairgsemar ┐ ratasindrisem, TBC-LL¹ 5697 . buiden aile and...fir gile glain...ratastriall brón buridach, ib. 5687 . garbat díscailtig tricha cét Galian...rodasfuc in toentricha cét uli na hocht fichtiu oss, ib. 545 . dorat P. ambíaid donab druthaibh ┐ rodosluicc (= ro-dos-sluicc) in talam fochétóir, Trip. 204. 14 . fodosceirdi...it beolu na mírenda, MacCarthy 97. 1 f.b.

(b) rel.: -das- for Oir. -da-. in daim rodaascansat fó leó rodascload nech, Thes. ii 340. 4 (Hy. Br.), v.l. rosclóised. rí rosorddaig rodascinn dá chlár déc ségdai sescat, SR 4231 . rí rodasgní...ildelba na nanmanna, SR 7269 . colba do lepthaib cróda. uatne finna forórda. issí caindell ardustá. in lia lógmar lainerdá SC ( IT i 218. 17 ). gondat Ulaid ardastánic, TBC-LL¹ 704 . fir gondair mná berdair bæ ægtair. cia rodasgon ┐ cía rotasbrat ┐ cía rodasbeir ale (v.l. gonas, beras), ib. 4727 . na slóig...ceist cia rodasfópair (v.l. cia rofuabair iat), ib. 2503 . cach díb...ar mét na hecla rotasgabh, Lism. L. 3800 . nicon bia rí huadaib cu bráth. flaith echtrann nudusfoilnaibed a foreign prince should rule them Trip. 188. 22 .

(c) after ad-, con-, &c.: -das- for Oir. -da-, -ta-. ba gním dodaing daes raith. atascomaing for oenchlaich, SR 5320 . .viii. mbliadna dóib fo dubdóire...conastorslaic uad N. amra, ib. 5287 . Matudhan co cóiced Érenn ┐ co ngallaib co roortadar co Sliab Betha siar...conostarraid Muircertach, AU i 454. 4 (A.D. 932) . crech la Conaille... conustaraid Aed mac D., ib. 502. 6 f.b. (A.D. 995) . is tria áine rosærad I. cona popul...conustánic aingel Dé do chathugud fria tara cend, RC xii 434 § 40 (Ad. 2nd Vis.). conusfarcaib popul na cathrach forsin lomthalmain, ib. § 39 . conusfácaib a chumachtu ┐ a ríge dia éis, ib. § 44 . arná teichtis uad...conastairsed fritharggain na maccraide forru TBC-LL¹ 2647 (H 2. 17).

III 3 sg. m. (and n. when referring to a thing) ; this use spread from the fem. ; in SR still rare.

(a) non-rel.: -das- for Oir. -an-, ¤ n (masc.), -a-, ¤ (neuter). Molúe ind Imliuch Sescainn...fordosrola muintir Cluana mac Nóis, Trip. 78. 5 .

(b) rel.: -das- for Oir. -idn-, -didn-, -dn-, ¤ n , -dan- (masc.) ; -id', -did'-, -d'-, ¤ ' (neuter). rí rán rodasaer Raab di raenaib hEricho, SR 7345 . Mac Cuill...i rRáith Chruachan dodoscelt, LU 38 a 39 . a thigherna aga thraothadh do béimendaibh in trénḟir rodastimairc, TBC-LL¹ 3866 . dreman inathor dímar nodusnigh an Mórríoghan, Fianaig. 16 st 41 (Oir. nodnig or pl. nodanig).

(c) after ad-, co n-, dia n-, &c. : -das- for Oir. -tn-, -tan- (m.), -t'- (n.). atosrolaic (for older atarolaic) AU i 144. 9 (A.D. 694). ní árlaic a buachaill dóibide Dond Cualnge condasrimmartatar co cruind for sciath fair, TBC-LL¹ 2055 (but immediately following : condambertatar and condaralastar). corolaad i nnóid oenṡeched for muir é...conosfuaratar iascaireda i Tráig Brénaind, LL 22 b 30 . conustánic aingel ina agaid, RC xii 436. 2 . is amus didiu for Dia do neoch dianustarda fadéin i ngáibthib tria étrebaire, PH 4858 . conusdíchend hé, ib. 2152 . Further instances from LU, PH, v. Strachan l.c. i 174 sq. cordasmesc, LU 77 b 36 for coromesc LL is no corruption, as Strachan ( i p. 174 n. 1) thinks, for SR 7861 has cordascuibdig and TBC-LL¹ 1783 Y cordasmesc.

Sometimes also -dasn-, -dosn-: (a) 3 pl. corresponding to Oir. -sn-. mór do mílib dorochair díb. rodosnairg Dia ar airgabáil na hairce, SR 5415 . (b) 3 sg. m. (n.) corresp. to Oir. -sn-, s (non-rel.) ; -idn-, -dn-, -d'-, &c. (rel.); -tn-, -t'- (after co n- &c.) : in muirlinn aili isí in muir : fodasniada im thalmain (subj. is `rí') SR 288 , which Strachan, l.c. i 174 , corrects to `fodasriada' ; but it may as well stand for `rodasniada,' the pron. referring to the masc. linn (Oir. n.).

Like -sn-, -s-, -d-, -das- also in time lost its force, as the frequent addition of the noun and independent pronoun shows. It has still some meaning in such phrases as : port indasfacca Meidb, TBC-LL¹ 1458 ; tabair dam béos conusfortachtaige da cechoen, PH 1423 ; conusfortachtaige dona trógaib, ib. 4158 —where the use of the pronoun is proleptical; but finally it lost all significance, and was in connection with co n- and dia n- felt as an inherent part of the conjunction : fuaratar folliuchta beca isin úir...conus-fetatar co mbad hé Míchel roḟoillsig arde a ḟrecnarcusa and PH 6331 —Cf. -da-, -dan-.

do-cuirethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-cuirethar or dil.ie/17442
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tochraid, dorala, tarla, tachraid, tochur, tachar, docuire, ducuiredar, du-nd-chuirethar, dochuirethar, docorethar, docuiretar, dochuiret, tochre, tocraid, corathar, -tochrathar, -tochra, dochora, rathochra, -dochrat, tochorad, docorad, nothachrad, -tochratis, ducorastar, dochorastár, tochrastar, rothocair, tochuir, tachair, tochratar, tochradar, tochar, tochuirther, dofocuirther, docuirither, tochradar, docuirter, docuired, tochrad, tuichred, ndichret, tuichret, dofóichred, toichred, docuirfed, tochērat, doceradh, tacerad, dofoicherthar, dindrala, torala, tairle, tarlam, doralus, darolus, tarlus, torlus, tairlius, doralais, fris-tarlais, dusrale, toralae, con-darraile, dorala, tarla, tarlathar, daralsat, doralaighset, doralatar, tarlatar, doralad, duralad, ceta-tarlad, do-t-ralaid, tarlaid, dutárlid, doralta, docuiriur, tochuiriur, tochuirim, docuirethar, dochoirethar, docuiredar, tocuiredar, tócurid, tócuired, tocuirid, docuirifar, dorochurestar, dorochuiristar, rothochurestar, ro-s-tochuir, rothochuir, dorochuirsemmar, rom-tochuirseat, dofocuirther, tocuirfiter, tochuiribthe, tocuiredh, tochuired, rodocuirit, tochur, tochuired, tocuread, do-m-cuirethar, dorala, doscuirither, con-tachrad, tocraid, dorala, dorala, tarla

(* to-cuir-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 501 ), in O.Ir. a deponent vb. used in the senses (1) puts and (2) invites . For the development of meaning (2) see Gaidoz, RC xxiii 91 . In O.Ir. (1) occurs chiefly in 3 s. , often in impers. construction; in subj. and pret. the root la- is used side by side with cuir- and the fut. is supplied by *to-(fo)cherr- (cf. 1 cuirid); in (2) all forms are supplied by *to-cuir-. In later Mid.Ir. *to-cuir- comes to be represented by tochraid (tachraid), treated as a simple vb. and often forming an ē-fut. (see TBC-LL¹ 5707 , Cog. 225.18 = LL 309b3 , Acall. 1137 , Aen. 290 ), while dorala or tarla (the former of which survives as late as the 17th cent.) exists independently in the sense met, happened . The form tachraid may be regarded as a lineal descendant of do-cuirethar, dochuir[id], -tochraid rather than as a distinct denom. vb. formed from the vn. tochur, tachar, the syncopated form (common already in Mid. Ir.) being probably due to the need for distinguishing it from tochuirid invites, in which syncope does not as a rule occur. See GOI § 762 . IGT Verbs § 95 .

Forms.

I In sense puts

(a) Forms from *to-cuir-: Indic. pres. 2 s. docuire, Corm. s.v. taurthait . 3 s. ducuiredar, Thes. ii 19.36 . du-nd-chuirethar, Ml. 35d22 . dochuirethar, BDD 71 . docorethar, 106 . 3 pl. docuiretar, Fianaig. 84 . dochuiret, Metr. Dinds. iii 292 . Ipv. 2 s. tochre, LU 10881 . 2 pl. tocraid, 1486 . Subj. pres. 3 s. do corathar , O'Curry 1999 ( H 4.22 29 ). -tochrathar, Críth G. 418 . -tochra, O'D. 739 ( H 3.17 ( H 3.17, 537 ). dochora, LL 146b . co rathochra , Triads 117 . 3 pl. -dochrat, MacCongl. 99.4 . Impf. 3 s. tochorad, Ml. 44a19 . docorad, BDD 54 . nothachrad, TBC-LL¹ 1180 . 3 pl. -tochratis, RC ix 468.6 . Pret. 3 s. ducorastar, Ml. 52 . dochorastár, LU 5366 (TBC). co tochrastar , IT ii1 184 . rothocair, Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . tochuir, tachair. 3 pl. tochratar, LL 293b25 . tochradar, BB 33b22 , etc. Pass. pres. s. fora tochar (= tocharr, an archaic form), Tur. 14 ( Thes. i 485 ). tarsa tochuirther , Ml. 22c1 . cf. 80b7 and dofocuirther, 18c10 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 301 ). docuirither, Laws i 170 Comm. Ériu ii 120 § 58 , etc. forsa tochradar , BB 330b22 . pl. docuirter, Anecd. v 24 n. 25 . Pass. pret. docuired, PH 7767 . Imr. Brain i 88 . co tochrad , MacCongl. 37.4 .

(b) Forms from to-(fo-)cherr-: Fut. 3 s. ? in (ní?) tuichred , BB 298a24 ( IT iii 15 ). 3 pl. co ndichret , Ml. 44a16 . ? ni tuichret , IT iii 15.4 . Condit. 3 s. dofóichred, Sg. 130b2 . toichred, ZCP i 66 § 113 . Later formations from *to-cuir-: docuirfed, Lec. 458c7 ; tochērat, TBC-LL¹ 5707 , etc. Cf. doceradh, BB 298a25 = tacerad, IT iii 15 (H)?). Pass. fut. dofoicherthar, BDD § 81 .

(c) Forms from *to-ro-la-: Subj. pres. 2 s. dindrala (= dia ndrala?), Bvi 74 ( Thes. ii 37 ). 3 s. torala, Ml. 43b15 . tairle, Ériu iv 24 ( LL 106a ). 1 pl. co tarlam , Fél. Prol. 319 v.l. Perf. 1 s. doralus, Fél. Prol. 15 . darolus, ZCP iv 44.12 . tarlus, LU 3863 ( SCC § 38 ). torlus, SR 1872 . ? tairlius, BS 48.24 . 2 s. doralais, Alex. 946 . fris-tarlais, ZCP iii 206 . 3 s. dusrale, Ml. 23c16 . co toralae , Corm. Y 698 . con-darraile, LL 272b21 . Mid. Ir. dorala, tarla; tarlathar, TBC-LL¹ 2069 . 3 pl. daralsat, LL 169a15 . Cf. doralaighset (they) happened to be, Fl. Earls 188 . doralatar, tarlatar, PH, etc. Pass. perf. s. doralad, Wb. 13d8 , Ml. 14b12 . duralad, 67d9 . ceta-tarlad, LL 515 . do-t-ralaid, SR 1307 . ni tarlaid , 3668 . ? dutárlid, LU 10938 (perh. fr. *to-ad-ro-luid). pl. doralta, Ériu ii 106 § 19 .

II In sense invites. Indic. pres. 1 s. docuiriur, Sg. 16b8 . tochuiriur, Thes. ii 357.1 . tochuirim, Corm. Y 77 . 3 s. docuirethar, Sg. 61a7 . dochoirethar, Ml. 29b1 . docuiredar, tocuiredar, ZCP xii 364 . tócurid, FA § 1 . Ipv. 3 s. tócuired, PH 5829 . 2 pl. tocuirid, 5614 . Fut. 1 s. docuirifar, Ml. 3a1 . Perf. 3 s. dorochurestar, Ml. 16c6 . dorochuiristar, 25c13 . ní rothochurestar , 18d16 . ro-s-tochuir, Leb. Gab.(i) 234 . rothochuir, PH 4413 . 1 pl. dorochuirsemmar, Sg. 6b18 . 3 pl. rom-tochuirseat, CCath. 983 . Pass. pres. s. dofocuirther, Ml. 18c10 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 501 ). Fut. pl. tocuirfiter, PH 4346 . Condit. s. ni tochuiribthe , Ml. 128a2 . Pret. co tocuiredh , BB 10a4 , tochuired; rodocuirit (= rotochuiritt), Cog. 74.8 .

Vn. tochur, tochuired.

I As trans. vb. in personal construction

(a) puts, deposits, places , often used as synonym of do-cuirethar or do-beir: is tre ḟír flathemon docuiredar ildelba muir the sea casts up creatures of divers form, ZCP xi 82 = is tré ḟír flatha ildelba il-míli . . . for tráchtaib téchtaib tochratar are deposited (cast up) on shores, LL 293b25 . di[a] ndrala huait if thou put from thee (gl. tolle), Thes. ii 37 . inna hí batar buthi ar thuus, dusrale fodiad he put them last, Ml. 23c16 . is hed doralad hi tossuch, Wb. 13d8 , cf. Ml. 14b12 . in tascair docuirither do tuinn which is deposited by a wave, Laws i 170 Comm. , cf. iv 194 . nech tarsa tochuirther sciath over whom a shield is placed, Ml. 22c1 . ro-tarlait a teinti their fires were placed (i.e. built up), Mer. Uil. 17 . torala Dia ar chēill do degnimu-su may God bring to mind gl. revocetur, Ml. 43b14 . doralus ar m'airi | gréschi occa nguidi, Fél. Prol. 15 . ó doralaim ar m'aire . . . lecca huara (pres. formation based on perf.), AU 877 (poem). tachraid for cēill dāib . . . senscēlai bar muinntire call to mind the traditions of your people, Alex. 191 . Cf. Ériu ii 136 : ar cid aingil nimhe, rosbi crith ┐ uamun intan forathmentar ┐ docuredar ar cēill (leg. forathmenatar ┐ docuretar . . . when they remember and call to mind). dochurusdar Cond an macamh ar comairci Airt placed under A.'s protection, iii 160 . ducorastar Dia deilb mordraige . . . forsinní Dauid, Ml. 52 . tegdais forsa tochar deg-lí anechtair is placed, Tur. 14 . nocon fetur-sa indat ilgné docuirther in folt fair (lit. different ways [in] which the hair is put on him, cf. RC xxiii 91 ), BDD § 105 . forsa tochratis tonna an mara na héicne, RC ix 418 . go rotochuir [an piast] ainbthine dermair forsan muir, BNnÉ 6 . co tocuir tāmnēll fuirri, RC v 199 . doconnairc . . . prinnsa in dorchuttois . . . da tochrad cét cenn fair there were (lit. had been put) a hundred heads, Aisl. Tond. xiv 1 . focherdsat na draoithe gaotha draoidhechta . . . co ttochradh an muirgrian iochtarach for úachtar an mara, Leb. Gab.(i) 256 . cia dám . . . ceta-tarlad for hErend? was first landed, LL 515 . nir tocrad Cessair for rig o sein amach no king was styled Caesar, Lec. 300b49 = ni rotocrad, 304a46 . co ndichret a ndruim fria naimtea will turn their back, Ml. 44a16 , cf. 44b19 . tocraid for ndrommand fri fraigid uli, LU 1486 . dofil in carpat . . . ┐ dorala clār clē frind it has turned its left side to us, TBC-I¹ 1192 (perh. impers.). cléirchin fris tarlais tinne `to whom thou hast shown stiffness', ZCP iii 208 . ni tocrad dam int aitheachmattud glēid frisin coin mōir should not have engaged in fight with, TBC-I¹ 1228 . do-curead cath Ruis F. re Nemed, Lec. 357b2 . rofich cath Naisi fri hEochaid . . . iar cath Chomair fri hEochaid n-eolach trén doralad, 592a26 (cf. do-beir cath). domchurithar Dia isinn abainn, Imr. Brain ii 292 . gidbead dochuirear-sa deit isin dig, nā hob a ōl whatever I put into thy draught, Lec. 155b27 . toichredh a chenn 'sa chuithe he used to plunge his head, ZCP i 66 . rangabusa in n-éicni . . . darolus i lláim na hingine, TBFr. 342 . co ndaralastar (leg. -ralatar) na halma i talmain a chorp the herds trampled his body into the ground, TBC-LL¹ 2056 = gur cuirsit, St. cid ar dotralaid hi cacht? why hast thou been put into durance?, SR 1307 . is i cruinne dorraladh cach dūil . . . is i torachta chruinne doralta na nime, Ériu ii 106 . doscorad (duscorat, v.l.) a triur isin muir plunge into the sea (reflex.), RC ix 460 . is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni the fault you have brought against us, Alex. 946 = Anecd. v 5 . feib leir donralaid do nim | missi ┐ tussu, SR 1787 . conab-torlus a Phardus that I have put you out of Paradise, 1872 . con-dacuired dar cenn was overturned, SG 316 . con-daralsat é 'n-a ágib (i.e. tore him asunder), LL 169a15 .

(b) deposits, produces, brings forth: crann . . . docuiridar tri toraid cacha bliadne, Ériu ii 116 . nói cuill Chrimaill . . . dochuiret tall fon tiprait `drop their fruits', Metr. Dinds. iii 292 (docuredh, tocuread, v.l. perh. pret. pass. have been set, planted round). ba hinund brú rothocair | Fothad ┐ cóelChuirrech the same womb bore, 234 .

(c) throws, casts, sends: tochrae uait cast it from you, TBC-I¹ 1557 (LU) = tochra, YBL. docuire urchar úait, Corm. s.v. taurthait = focheirdi, Corm. Y 1229 . Cf. IT iii 16 § 37 . ni tharlus dom chirt | urcur anfis, LU 3863 ( SCC § 38 ). dochorastair Dochae ga for Fiachaid, TBC-I¹ 2110 . a arat dia tochuirther the distance from which it is shot, Ml. 80b7 . fochres [a c[h]end] isin mBrudin . . . ┐ dorralad eiste, BDD² 1405 . dochorastar echlacha uada, Anecd. iii 65 . dochuiretar sut a comuirli chugat-sa send thee their decision, Fianaig. 84 . docuredh Conall for a lurg, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 36 . docuirethar bedc throws, i.e. makes a start, bound: docuridar bedg de fodes starts off southwards, RC iii 176 . doscuiret[h]ar bedc as fa thuaid, IT ii1 175 . tathchuireathar bedg ar a ceand, BDD² 357 . tacurethar, YBL = docuirethar, Eg. = ta-cuirethar beadg ón tig, 645 . toschuirther beadc a Tracht F. they make a start from, 620 (the constr. here suggests that `beadc' is either nom. or else adverbial accus., the vb. being used impersonally). dochuirethar bedg anís, LL 281b13 ( GJ v 64 ). Cf. foceird b., ZCP viii 104.z .

II As trans. vb. in impers. constr. folld. by prep. phrase or other complement of pred., e.g. do-m-cuirethar lit. it puts me (in a place, condition, etc.), i.e. I happen to be (come). This construction is esp. common with the perf. dorala (tarla) and continues into the Mod. Ir. period.

(a) Of rest: dorala ind aimsir geimrid it happened to be winter, Trip.² 112 . focheirdi erchor uait . . . Docuirethar obonn anmannae ar a chind an animal chances suddenly to be in its way, Corm. Y 1229 (docuirither, LB). dī ōene sechtmaine . . . feib docorathar ind recht | do neoch las mbē nert as it is (laid down) in the law (?), ZCP xiii 29 . dia tarla Cond C. ┐ Eogan T. i comflaithis fo Erind, RC xvi 136 ( Dinds. 132 ). gon domrala crechtach ngarb so that I am wounded, TBC-LL¹ 2338 . cona-tarla faen so that he fell prostrate, Mór M. 267 . nach n-esconn rotmblaisi . . . dorala inna chunn slān became sane, Ériu ii 116 . ó domrala il-ligi leóin, ZCP vi 263 . co na-tarlai ina ṡuidi so that he fell on his haunches, LL 272b21 . dorala in tech ina ráithsechaib briathar, FB § 29 . ro-imthigset i frithsēt Grēg co nustarla tul fri tul i medhon in ṡéta, BB 419a35 . is and dosralai sede tunc, ic Ross na ferta she chanced to be at, Hy. v 65 Comm. ( Thes. ii 343 ). bái mesca mór for Ulto . . . Docuiridar immarbága móra . . . eturro there arise, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 . Cf. further: ni chuincem colcthi . . . acht in talam cona sraith trit nó lomm amal docuirether (leg. docuirethar) covered with grass or bare as it may happen to be, Alex. 874 = Anecd. v 3 .

(b) Folld. by prep. denoting motion: doscuirethar as co trāig in baile, IT ii1 178 ; 'they set out' Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 100 § 20 . conacca . . . dorrala inna huili fiadmila asin fidbaid that all the wild animals had come out of the wood, TBC-I¹ 3108 . domrala don áith I came to the kiln, Fél. p. 12 . dosrala do Dún na mbarc they came to, LL 4b33 . inis diandorala iar n-imram, Anecd. i 53 . toscuirethar dochom tíre they come to land, BDD § 55 . con-domrala dochum slúaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 120 . nirbo chian . . . condarraile (leg. dasraile) dochum indsi till they happened on, LL 283a21 . doluid in gilla . . . conusstarla dochum thopuir till he chanced upon a well, RC xxiv 196 . dotrala f[o] aineolass thou art ignorant, ZCP xiii 3 . [a]n du[c]uiredar bissext for nói kl. when bisext falls on . . ., BCr. 32c10 ( Thes. ii 19 ). fēil docuiredar for Sathurn, Mon. Tall. 135 , cf. intan doscuirither-si for áin, LB 9b10 (pass. ?). rocloenad a thech, con-datarla for a lethbeolu so that it inclined to one side, FB § 25 . ind eclas i tarla grada for Brigit, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 330 ). dogní Neide glām ndicend dō, co toralae teorae bulgae for a gruadaibh, Corm. Y 698 . docorastar cess ┐ huamhon for na slúagho gloom and fear fell upon the hosts, Ériu ii 100 . co tarla a dí bond bána fair (he fell) with upturned soles, MU² 987 (LU). dichetal for ochtraig, co rathochra a mbi ina íchtur for a úachtar all that is below comes to the top, Triads 117 . dorala ana mbui . . . a n-íchtar an loch[a] co raibi forúachtar, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . co tarla ind ní bāi ina hichtar co mbōi for a hōachtor, Anecd. ii 57 . con-tachrad cach ní nobith a n-ichtur na fairrgi 'na fuachtur, Lec. 569a7 = gu tocraid , BB 40b8 (pret. pass. instead of the impers. constr.). con-dasrala for combáig comimrama they began to race each other in rowing, LL 235a20 . doscuridar iarum for a rith cētnai they resume their course, Ériu ii 126 . documlaiset for fairgi ┐ docorastar a lūi fri tir their stern was turned to shore, Corm. Y 1059 . feib donrala fri comrád as we have fallen into conversation, SR 1214 . fri tala ind ríg . . . domrala tria tinninas I have crossed the king's will through my hastiness, 6188 , cf. 6013 . ní rádi ní tri thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it'), Ml. 35d22 . cia dotochra a robaegal though thou fall into great danger, BCC § 348 (poem). docuiredar cach ai i tuaim alaile each of them comes into another's place (of three currents meeting in a whirlpool), Corm. Y 323 = docuirither, LB. dotrala i mbeirn baegail, TBC-I¹ 2648 . dotrala ind, RC vi 183 . doscuiredar i cess they fall into sadness, Ériu ii 112 . darrala tar romuir who came over the great sea, Fél. Dec. 8 (darralad, doralaid, donralad, v.l.). focheird rout n-urchair din liathróit, conastarla dar gincraes a bragat dond archoin so that it went past the watchdog's gullet, TBC-LL¹ 1025 . na cōic mnā nostachair tra | maraen ria n-athair suna came here together with their father, BB 408b16 . atnaid id im choiss indaro fi(u)r . . . Docuirethar iarum ina deguid aitherruch (the withe) comes back after him, i.e. springs off (?), RC x 214 .

Later with indep. pron.: co tarla co Beind E. hí she came to, Ériu iii 152 . co ttarla é go Magh Line, BS 104 . tarlu go teach Laidchinn é, Keat. ii 6282 . co tarla Cormac ┐ isi ar oentaig fo cleith, Lec. 366b25 . lucht in feruinn cusa tárla é (of one cast on shore), Laws i 204 Comm. dorala he (Cain) a mbroind Euba in tan do thomail int uball was conceived, Lec. 385a20 ; ? cf. ba hé tatharla inna broind, IT i 139 (LU) = is he tathlai it bruinn, Eg. dusrala iad a n-ailén aili, RC xxvi 138 . mar dorala a n-imfhoixe chomraic na Fraingce íad as they approached the frontier, Fl. Earls 30 . rothimchill cach a chēle dīb . . . ┐ dorala 'n-a comracaib iad they engaged in combat, Celt. Rev. x 314 . ó tharla gan chroidhe dho é seeing he hath no heart to it, Proverbs xvii 16 . durson damsa . . . na mígníma sin do dēnam dam, gid tre anfhis ┐ aneolus dorala iat they have come to pass, Celt. Rev. vii 116 .

(c) do-m-cuirethar do (ar, fri) lit. it puts me to (on, towards), hence I meet, come upon, come across: docuirethar Banba doib i Sleibh M., Leb. Gab.(i) 250 (possibly pers. constr.). docuiridar simind dóib, RC xxvi 10 (LL). conustarla do díb latrandib he met two robbers, Lat. Lives 90 . tarrla ríg Laighen dóibh, Imr. Brain i 66 . co tarla do sē meic dēg Amalgaid, Lec. 124b26 . tarla dhóib a n-esgcaraid, SG 8 . tárla dh'a chéile iat, ML 16 . tarla da chēli . . . clanna Neill ┐ clanna Chaeman, Lec. 171b41 . ni tharla dia muinntir badēin é, Fl. Earls 28 . go ttárla Carbre ┐ rígh bhfear gC. air a chēile, CF 276 (Eg.). go dtarla é ré moghaibh came upon slaves, Keat. iii 2146 . In reciprocal sense: conustarla do Meidb ┐ do Thindi M. and T. met, Ériu ii 178 . tarla do and ┐ d'Adhamhnan, BB 233b3 . co tarla dō ┐ do Dairi ingen Cathair, 6 . dorala do Césair féin ┐ do lucht innsi Bretain C. and the people . . . encountered each other, CCath. 182 . batar maic Miled bliadain i comrige . . . co tarla doib im na trib druimnib until they quarrelled about, Lec. 30b4 . dorala dam arair fri muintir C. I had a quarrel with, MacCongl. 53 . Cf. further: dorala fri Connacht co mór, ōir do marbsat-som a brāithri he was in feud with C., ZCP i 103 , where the construction may be personal (as in III (b) below).

(d) do-cuirethar form (dul, etc.), lit. it puts on me, hence it is incumbent on me, I must: docorastar fair dul do acallaim na hingine it behoved him (?), TBFr. 13 (but perh. pers. constr. `he took upon himself', Gloss.). docorustair fair techt a Manaind, Corm. Y 1059 . co tarla fair techt i n-ailithre (of Colum C.), Lec. 369b9 .

(e) do-cuirethar etarru they fall out, quarrel: cēin co tochra etraibh fein until you quarrel, BNnÉ 90 . tachair eter na mnaibh, ib. darala eturru ic imbert ḟidchilli ┐ Fergus F. and he quarrelled, LL 103b39 . dorala eturru ┐ Munramar, Ériu i 124 . dorala etorra ┐ clann ócc iarla D., AFM v 1718 . 1874 . dorala itir Luicet ┐ Aed . . . isin chath engaged each other, RC v 197 . go tarrla iter Aichlech ┐ Oedh B. gur fersat comlann fria chēli, Fianaig. 94 . go tarla itir in ríg ┐ in rígain, SG 250 . co tarla eatorro im na tri ndromandaib, BB 42b34 = co tarla doib, Lec. 30b4 . tarrla eturru immon n-es, Acall. 7286 . conad impi sein tarla eturru, LL 242a40 .

III During the Mid. Ir. period, when the infixed pron. began to lose its significance, do-cuirethar and esp. the perf. dorala came to be regarded as an intrans. vb. in personal construction in sense of happens to be (come); it is, however, impossible to decide whether the vb. is pers. or impers. in the sing. except in cases where the accompanying noun has distinct forms for nom. and accus.

(a) Of rest, condition: bid hé dochorad and, BDD § 66 YBL = comad he notocrad and, Eg. = co mbad sé nobeth and, LU; ib. § 54 . ní tharla bó isin recleis ind inbhaid sin, Lat. Lives 72 . ní faca riamh abhann ann, ┐ ó tharla an abhann ann, as greama mur tharrla in droichid tairsi as the river is there, it is well there is a bridge across it, Imr. Brain i 64 . is ann dorála in rí ind uair sin, fó bun darach, SG 413 . an eich dorala foa on which he was mounted, AFM vi 2216 . tug . . . urchor do cloich tarla ina láimh which chanced to be in his hand, iv 788 . dorala ambassadóir righ S. sa gcathraigh in tan sin, Fl. Earls 22 . tarla an uair sin duine uasal . . . i bpríosún ag an bprionnsa, Keat. iii 5027 . tarla an tan soin neach cumhachtach 'n-a bhíodhbhadh ag C., ii 4847 . dorala ben an oirchinnigh ag gabail secha . . ., BS 50 . is ann doralae Onchu mac S. marb sechtmain reimhe O. had happened to die a week before, BColm. 46 . doralatar in dā hapstail [déc] uile i n-oen tegdais, PH 5560 . tarladar ceathrar do chloinn C. 'n-a ngiallaibh ag Niall, Keat. ii 5956 . tarladar triúr mac aige he had three sons, 4844 . do chidhfedh mar tharla an tír he would see the country's plight, O'Gr. Cat. 466 .

(b) With prep., etc., denoting motion: is annsin dorala Becuma amach ar an ḟaithche chanced to come out, Ériu iii 162 . ised dorala anair he came from the east, RC xiii 379 . co tacradh ass a bhiadh cōir do chāch, IT iii 188 . co tocraitis asa tíribh do décsain . . . crotha Hectoir they would have come, TTr.² 1091 . doluid A. for iarraid usci ┐ dorala cosin tobur cétna, RC xxiv 198 . dia tarla sí cusin mbandtrebthaig, IT i 48 . ni thacēra d'iarmēirge, Cog. 225 (LL) = ni ticfa don ērmēirge, 10 . araili ailitir dorala do Toirinis, Todd Nenn. 212 . rosirius Magh Fáil . . . tairlius do Cill Uí S., BS 48 . docurethar in lia forru anair the stone lights on them, TBC-I¹ 1415 (LU). doleig side in gae bulgae . . . co tochrastar annuass for a chathbarr, IT ii1 184 . dorala menma Faelain fuirri, RC xxvii 262 . dorála menma a mátha(i)r uirre, RC xxix 120 . conidh hí comairle forsa tarrla the plan he hit upon, CCath. 1378 (perh. impers.). (With reflex. pron.) dosraladar for merugud they began to wander astray, RC xxiv 196 = SG 328 . is mairg ances a bidbaid | in n-inbaid dochora il-lén when he falls into misfortune, LL 146b38 ( PRIA xix 544 ). lēicid C. in gae fair . . . conid anuas docorastar (tocorastar, LU) in-a mullach, TBC-I¹ 1296 . Cf. 3664 . docoras[tar] casal di nim i n-ucht Pátraic, Trip.² 1228 (impers.?). rotheilg L. in ngai . . . co tarlai il-Laeg, RC iii 178 . tharla tuagh Bhrodair i gceann Bhriain, Ériu i 88 . tus in tochrad i m-aigid to see whether she would meet me, Aen. 626 . dochear Lugaid Riabnderg do chumaid a mna . . . ┐ man a claidem fodein dorala he fell on his own sword (?), Lec. 588a43 . cia tochra int espach eturru though the onlooker should come between them, Laws ii 294 Comm.

(c) Folld. by DO (also AR, FRI) meets, comes upon, falls in with (in some of the follg. exx. the earlier meaning of the vb., not that of an intrans. vb. of motion, is still apparent): dogabh ag luamhairecht an curaigh co tarrla oilen ingnadh dō, Ériu iii 156 . docuir Nae an colum da fis an faighbeadh talamh . . . ┐ tarla dō an talumh ina roibhe, etc., Lib. Flav. i 10a30 . docurastar dam lethbarghen cruithnechta ┐ ordu ēisc = I found, got, RC x 90 (perh. impers.). tarla int ailen-sa ar A., ZCP ii 298 . docuiridar Bricriu dóib forsind ḟaithche, LL 186a42 = RC xxvi 12 . tachraid bocht dó ar in conair, Lism. L. 4305 (docuirethar, v.l.). tús . . . in taichēradh dō aen duine, Aen. 290 . dorala dam forsin sét mo choimdiu Ísu, PH 1892 . doralai dias fer n-arsatai dóib, SG ii 467 . co tarla do in bantrebtach, Hy. v 73 Comm. ( Thes. ii 345 ). co ttarla ben-gheilt dó ann, BS 108 . do bhrígh nach dtárla dhamh mo dhearbráthair T., 2 Cor. ii 13 . dochuir Banba doib, Lec. 28a30 . do-ralatar a námaitt dó, BColm. 94 . tarladur na trí righdha so da chéle, ZCP ii 38 . is mairg ar a tocherat, TBC-LL¹ 5707 . tárla bean air, Proverbs vii 10 . go dtarladar trí mic C. orra, Keat. ii 1300 ; 1273 . amail doraladar forsin topur, RC xxiv 202 . dorála a chos fri cloich, SG 403 . tárla trócaire ┐ fírinne ré chéile, Psalms lxxxv 10 . do mharbhsat gach a dtarla riú do lucht an bhaile, Keat. iii 5242 . doraladar a triur frisin n-uasal, YBL 191a16 . go dtarladar ladrainn ris, TSh. 1450 .

(d) With FRI encounters, opposes (this use is spec. frequent with the late form tachraid): roḟācaib [Fiacha] a clanna dia ēis . . . do thochar ria Padraic . . . ┐ ni tharla neach aile do cloind Ḟiachach fris acht Fothad F. amain, Lec. 143a37 . ni thagraim leat, a L., | ná re Tadg ré dtarlabhair with whom you are engaged in dispute, Content. xi 15 . mairg thochras ri clērchib cell, LL 149b26 = thochrus fri, SG 70 , 78 . gach nech tochrus ré rí[g] réil, Fianaig. 80 . tachraid re chele, Caithr. CC 52 . ba tresi nā gach trēn rotac[h]rad fris, BB 488b24 . baoi do mhéd a mhenman . . . go ttochairfedh friú, AFM v 1766 . ēcoir d'Fathod tachair frim . . . | ní do deoin Luighdech Meic Con | do thaichérad frim Fathod, Acall. 1137 . gomtis ionchatha ┐ co ttochraitis friu, Leb. Gab.(i) 144 . i mbeilgibh bélchumhgaibh i ttoc[h]raittís re aroile, AFM vi 2112 .

(e) With DO falls to the lot of, happens to, befalls (rarely in this sense with infd. dat. pron. instead of do): nachustarla anfaitchess may negligence never come upon them, BColm. 50 . dorala cōir gāithi doib fochedoir, Lec. 569a25 . co tarla anfud mór doib, Hy. v 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 328 ). co tarla doib imsreang curad (i.e. they engaged in struggle), Lec. 352a44 . Fiacha Fear dā liach . . . .i. liach do cach echt dorala do, 337b42 . cia imned dorala duib?, ACL iii 225 . dorala gnim n-ingnad do he happened to do a strange thing, Ériu v 114 . o tharla dhuit an gním olc, SG 29 . gia nothachrad écht dó, TBC-LL¹ 1180 . cia and do ná tochradar | bét no bine nó baeghul?, ZCP iv 468 . do Chonall dorala imdegail in chóicid it fell to C. to guard, TBC-I¹ 592 LU. rolaesead dā mac Miled crandchar iar sin forsan aes dāna .i. file ┐ cruitire . . . do Erimon dorala in file, BB 42b13 . certar crandchor léo dūs cia do thoc[h]radh dul . . . Dochuir (dofuit, v.l.) son don tres comalta, RC x 78 . rolaset chrandchor . . . conid don dull dorala tec[h]t sis, Hy. v 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 328 ). is ann dorala dosom a denam, Hy. i Pref . ( Thes. ii 298 ). is grad epscuip dorala do epscop Mél do thabairt for Brigit, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 330 ). condarala di turgnom catha Findchorad she happened to be preparing for, Ériu ii 184 . as ag an mbile sin dorala do Dhomhnall do ueith, BS 16 . dia tochrad dó Hectoir do thuitim leis, TTr.² 973 . as maith tarrla dúind an chailleach do marbudh it is well for us that we have killed, Imr. Brain i 65 . dorala do B. beith ag saigdeoracht, Todd Nenn. 38 . is amlaid dorala do C. beith ┐ ingen alaind aici in tan sin C. happened to have a beautiful daughter, Lec. 168b16 . condusrala do Meidb dola co Boind, Ériu ii 178 . dorala intan sin do M. condacaid aislingi, ACL iii 10 . tarla dona beachuibh co ndeachadur . . ., Ériu ii 82 . tarla do beirt saighdiuir go ndechator astech i n-aroile egluis, Fl. Earls 60 .

(f) Hence in general sense of comes to pass, happens, takes place (chiefly in perf. dorala, tarla). With noun as subj. often in sense of there was , or in impers. constr. with inf. phrase or subord. sent.: forcaemnacair (.i. tarla), ACL iii 10 . in tan dorala in scēl-sa and when this event took place, PH 46 . cethracha rig dorala frisrohicad borama | o aimsir Thuathail . . . there were forty kings, Lec. 40b28 (perh. rather to be referred to II (a) = dorala cethrachait r.). ní tharla il-leitrib na lāidib . . . aen-triar ban neither in books nor songs is found a trio, 395a13 (II (a)?). go ttárla sneachta mór fán am sin ann, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . tárla méad meanman na bhfoireann ar gcriothnughadh na long the courage of the crew was aroused, ML 46 . tarla iomchaineadh . . . eitir M. ┐ mhnáoi oile a dispute arose, BS 142 . tarla imressan eturru, Acall. 2717 . an ferand fa tharla imresuin adrum-sa ┐ C., BCC 179 . darala debaigh mor etarru, YBL 164b10 . tohruid (sic) frithnois fuigill etorro an altercation arises, Cog. 142 = tohraid (sic) frithnos, 144 . gidh bedh tochrus do bar comhrag-si whatever be the issue of your combat, Aen. 2968 (= quo res cumque cadent, Aeneid xii 203 ). maith tharla it is well, Keat. ii 4725 . dorala . . . Gortigernd mac G. do gabail airdrigi Breatan, Todd Nenn. 74 . amal dorala na dūile do chumscugud oc cēsad Crist, PH 1078 . dorala conid si sein aimser . . . (= contigit quod), Lat. Lives 5 . dorala co ndechsat immach (= casu accidit ut . . .), 76 . conid tairle co n-ebarthar mac ríg frim mac may it come to pass that, Ériu iv 24 . gé tharla gur fhōbair . . ., Fl. Earls 68 . dorala iar n-ég Gorthemuir . . . doronsat Saxain meabail for B., Todd Nenn. 102 .

IV Invites, summons (this sense may have arisen out of the meaning puts in cases where the vb. was folld. by co): gl. adsciscere, Ml. 25c13 , Sg. 6b18 , 16b8 , 61a7 ; arcessere, Sg. 184a2 ; citare, Ml. 3a1 ; exciere, 16c6 , 18d6 ; invitare, 29b1 , O'Mulc. 527 ; postulare, Corm. Y 77 . tocuiriur etrum indiu inna huli nert-so fri cech nert I summon today all those powers (put . . . between me and?), Hy. vi 48 ( Thes. ii 357 ). docuirethar cétna persan sin persana aili chucae takes other persons to it, Sg. 191a2 . docuiredar gōi, inairben fīr; tocuiredar ēcert, inarben cert, ZCP xii 364 . tócurid [in comdiu] dochum nimi chuci lucht na deirce, FA 1 (LU). tocuirid na sualchi, dichurid na dualchi, PH 5614 , cf. 4992 - 5 . intí is cendais . . . tócuired in fergach co mín (= revocet), 5829 . muna tocuirit fein chuca iat, Laws v 458 Comm. rotochuir an tír chucca, Hugh Roe 36 . rostochuir ┐ rostiomairg fine Gaoidil, Leb. Gab.(i) 234 . rotocuirisdair G. cuice dā druid dēg, Todd Nenn. 90 . romtochuirseat ina ndocum, CCath. 983 . tochuirter iatt gusin gcaislēn, Fl. Earls 70 . co tocuiredh Eoin . . . ó Ispís ad Bathmos, BB 10a4 . rotochuiredh do a brathair, LL 402b52 . rotocuiret dia indsaighidh a slōigh, 404b39 . rodocuirit (ro tochuiritt, v.l.) Dailcais uli cucu, Cog. 74 .

fairsing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fairsing or dil.ie/21166

 

Forms: forsiung-, fairsiung, farṡiung, fairsiung, fairsing, foirsingigem, farsiungmenmnaigi, fairsingmenmnaigi, forsiungmenmnaige

adj i, u, forsiung-, Ml. 60a2 . fairsiung, 84a3 . Fél. Oct. 28 (v.l.) LB 36a35 . farṡiung, TBC-LL¹ 1022 .

(a) ample, broad, spacious: fairsiung (gl. latus) Ml. 84a3 . fairsing (gl. amplus) Ir. Gl. 640 . epistil bai imma bragait, ... in tan nobered fírindi ba fairsing da braigit ; in tan ba gó ba cumang, Bodl. Corm. s.v. sin ( 1160 Y). is cumung is farsiung (descr. of `iffern') LU 2453 . is lethan ┐ is fairsiung in sét (= lata est uia) LB 36a35 = PH 4000 . is fairsing a ṅdál-som `ample is their assembly' [ wide, far-reaching (?), cf. (b)] Fél., Oct. 28 . badhun f.¤ , Maund. 252 . iostad f.¤ , Measgra D. 57.6 . is fairsind urlar a thaidhe, AU iii 612 (instance of -nn for -ng, K.M., Wortk. 68 ). machaire fairsing, TSh. 2556 . fearann fairseing (: eing), Keat. i p. 172 . don árus ḟ.¤ ... na cathrach neamhdha, TSh. 2729 . robsat fiala fairsinge a foirghneamha, MR 102z . fa gíall geimhil ḟairsing í a hostage with a roomy fetter IGT, III. ex. 419 . As subst. : a slucud in oenfecht ... dar farṡiung a bragat , TBC-LL¹ 1022 (fairsingi St). gabsat rompa i bhḟairsiung sligheadh in the open road RC xliii 38 § 36 . ar fairsingib ┐ ar forréitib na ferand the wide (open) and level parts Fianaig. 64.10 . in dabhuch as luga ... | fairsing ndesi [sic leg.], cumang trír, Acall. 3926 (`too wide for two' SG ii 203 ).

(b) in extended sense ample, copious, profuse: slabar cach cumang ┐ eslabar cech fairsing, Corm. Bodl. s.v. slabrad ( 1153 Y). sealg romhōr roḟairsing a widely flung hunt Fianaig. 42.1 . Of persons profuse, generous: Ua C. an chroidhe ḟ.¤ , TD 34.30 . gáir na bhflaith bhfairsing, Measgra D. 57.19 . iostad na bhflaith bhfairsing bhfíonmhar, Keat. Poems 1570 . go mbíodh go fial f.¤ leis na dronguibhsi, Mac Aingil 364.2 . Superl. : foirsingigem (probably for -gimem ; gl. latissimam) Ml. 67d4 . COMPDS. : forsingmenmnach (gl. magnanimus) Ml. 123a16 . ¤menmnaige , f. acc. in farsiungmenmnaigi (gl. magnanimitatem) Ml. 90c4 . dat. huand fairsingmenmnaigi , 136a14 . gen. inna forsiungmenmnaige (gl. longanimitatis) 60a2 .

gin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gin or dil.ie/25866
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ginu

n u, m.

(a) a mouth : g s. in geno deeid (gl. securi oris), Ml. 82c5 . a ngena, 55a18 . d s. ho giun, Wb. 5d14 . i ngiun, 4d33 . tri giun (for a s.), Ml. 74d13 . i ngin, Thes. ii 357.19 ( Hy. vii 65 ). a s. tri a gin-som, Ml. 68c12 . a p. ginu (gl. ora), 88b10 . íar senad a gena co tánic rath in spirta naim fair, RC vi 165.1 . núall cech gena `the cry of every mouth,' Fél. Sept. 16 . cé betis secht tengtha | im gin ..., Ep. 126 . Cf. Aen. 1409 . sæthar ecnada 'na gin (giun v.l.) sāethar buirb 'na lāim, ACL iii 314 § 27 . diá tesorcain ar gin díabuil, RC xxi 378.16 . coscther a gin do golgaire, TTr. 1068 ( LL 231b32 ). a gin in fatha, PH 3660. BNnÉ 48 § 23 . bennachais P. iarum a gin, Laws i 8.10 . Anecd. ii 32 § 2 . no-labratís na demna tria n-a nginaib, PH 747 . i ngenaib na filed, Auraic. 1594 . amail donaircechain tria ginu na [prim faidhi], Laws i 16.7 . tar a ṅgena, PH 3771 . toimhlidh in loech ..., tara gin `swallows a man whole,' Marco P. § 107 . Cf. dar a chræs gin osluicthe, FB 37 (Eg.). sechtmad [screpaill] cach oen ngena do riagail r[i]u ... for every mouth [of grazing cattle], O'D. 1564 ( H 5.15, 3b ). Fig. suí ghena gusmair a scholar of vehement speech, ZCP xii 364.21 . ri rosáer ... do gin Balaim (i.e. from the [maledictory] utterance of B.), SR 7334 . gin .i. craes, Lec. Gl. 359. In phrase : a hoín-gin (giun) ; ó óinghin with one voice, unanimously : atbertatar amail bid a haongiun, Corm. Y 1059 . amail bidh a haenghin friscartsat, Marco P. § 31 . o oengin, Hib. Min. 71.28 . o oengen, RC xv 294.17 ( Dinds. 5 ). (ó) oen gein ┐ ó óin chridi, Lat. Lives 26.12 .

(b) hunger (?) : gin .i. ithe, O'Dav. 1025. (?) na hith, gemadh mor do gin | an tiascc do bhir go mbi fuar `though great be thy hunger (lit. mouth),' BNnÉ 82.11 .

(c) an opening ; a (mountain) pass : gin lócharne lethan the wide mouth of a lamp, Fél. Ap. 22 . tegdais gena na ṅglend (= domus oris vallium), PH 4600 . Cināed cinged gin nGabrūain ... the pass of Gabhrán (i.e. Belach G.), Bruchst. i 52 § 114 = AFM i 538.z .

Compds. ¤áil see ginól ; ¤chróes o, m. (in s. and pl.) gaping mouth : nó-ṡúigfed cid Érinn uli ina ghinchraes, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 13 (s.v. Coire Brecain). dar gincráes a bragat , TBC-LL¹ 1025. LL 108a29 . comtar écnaig a ginchroes, TBC-I¹ 1943 . gomdar inecnaigh a ghincraeis, TBC-LL¹ p. 373 n. 1 . asreṅgsatar a ṅgin-chraesu, LL 237a49 ( TTr. 1517 ). rooslaicset a nguba ocus a nginchraesa, Fen. 114.23 . RC xiv 404.3 ; 422.20 . Cf. inchróes. ¤gob (a) mouth, muzzle (of animals) : a gingobaiph ┐ a heocurbelaibh na n-ech, CCath. 4957 . i ngiongobaibh a ngredh, Hugh Roe § 57 (28a) . (b) a point : tar gingob na sleighi, Acall. 4923 n . ¤tuillem (leg.) extravagance, prodigality : cinta comráite ┐ gintuillim liabilities arising from deliberation and prodigality (?), Laws iii 68.14 . inann fis urfogra ┐ fis gintuillmedh (leg. ¤tuillmea ?) a n-urradus knowledge of his having been proclaimed and of his prodigality are equivalent in customary law, O'Curry 2535 ( Eg. 88, f. 44 (45d) ).

indala

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indala or dil.ie/28319

 

Forms: indar(n)a, indala, indala, indal[a], indala, fándara, indara, in dara, indara, an dara, indara, indarna, an dara, indala, n-ái, indalanai

pronom Mid. Ir. indar(n)a. (def. art. + ala). Indeclinable. Proclitic. In O. Ir. lenites and nasalizes in the same instances as the article (but cf. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 (mod, though usually neut. elsewhere, is masc. in O.Ir. Glosses ; facs. is very blurred at this spot) and see GOI § 241.3 ) : n. fem. indala chiall, Ml. 56b31 . indal[a] chlas, 138d1 . g. masc. indala ḟir, BDD² 1046. d. fándara chuing, TBC-LL¹ 3379. a. indara n-ingin, Trip.² 1155. In later language prefixes h- to initial vowels without distinction of gender or case : n. in dara holc, PH 7774. indara hádbar, 7741 . an dara huair, DDána 81 § 9. g. indara hairecht, Acall. 400. indarna hingen, 4134 . an dara hinghine, DDána 55 § 4.

one (of two) ; less often, the other (of two) ; later, the second: dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu `that the one set should be consoled and that the other set should fast,' Wb. 16c20 . issí indala gobél inso dom immuirc `this is one of the two straits that constrain me,' 23b36 . fiadach lassandala lín ┐ tír frecur ceill lassin lín n-aile, Ml. 137c1 . tosach indala sailm, 27d2 . fristairissetar .i. bite in n-irgail chuimlin friu dundala leith `on the other side,' 47c3 . tairis-sem indala rainne cen diall `the persistence of one of the two parts without declension,' Sg. 74b7 . indala fiacail airthir a chinn one of the two teeth in the front of his head, Thes. ii 248.9 . no slocad indala suil conna roched corr inna chind. Dotéirged indala n-aí immach commeit chori cholbthaigi, LU 3261 - 2 . in tech, indala leth de crín ┐ araile úr one side ... the other, Lat. Lives 11.6 . indala rand dibh la mac n-Imair, ind rann n-aile la Sichfrit, AU i 410.9 . Ia ... iss ed indara hainm déc ō ndingarar Crīst one of the twelve names, Corm. Y 750. ar is hé ro alt in dara n-ingin one of the two girls, Trip.² 1155. frisíndle in coin cona díb lámaib .i. dobeir indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon, LU 5012. dorécaim comrád eter da echlaig díb. Fírbriathar, ar indara echlach, is maith fer ... Maith omm, bar araile, TBC-LL¹ 117. isindara lo(gh) deighinach don re ... isindara cet ló don re the last day but one ... the first day but one, O'Curry 1862 (< 23 P 3, fo. 20a ). Nicomet in dala fer dec boi oc cungnam le Ísu one of the twelve men ..., PH 2803. ro-labair in dala crochaide boi mar-oen fri hIsu ... Do-frecair in dala crochaide one of the two ... spoke ... the other answered, 2883 . atracht Ísu in dala fecht a second time, 2638 . ised fa betha dó ... .i. lethad baisi d'aran ... eorna indara la every other day, ZCP vi 286.10 . cid inmain la diabul cech peccad, is é so in dara peccad is annsa lais for bith ┐ in peccad ele ... one of the two sins, PH 7437. an dara fear as fearr baí do Dhál cCais, AFM ii 1098.12 . in dara apstal déc i n-urd apstal `the twelfth ...,' PH 1455. in cet mod ... in dara mod, 7323 . Doire d'éirghe an dara huair that Derry arose a second time, DDána 81 § 9. na ríg ... isindarna leith ... ind rigna ... isind leith araill, LU 8403. Cellach ... for cuairt Connacht don darna cor `for the second time,' ALC i 106.22 . gab ... indarna cenn don ḟi[d]chill take one side of the board, Acall. 7435.

Used substantivally before gen. of 3 pl. pron.: indala n-ái . Invariable. n- may be due to analogy of cechtar n-aí, see GOI § 491. one of the two: indalanai gl. alterutrum, Sg. 22a2 . ci atbela indalanái ni epil alaill, 30a3 . is dochu indalanái oldaas anaill `one of the two is likelier than the other,' Wb. 4b24 . togu indalanái ... damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain ... to condemn the other,' 4c13 . indala n-ai brat úaine impe. Alaili brat corcra, LU 3285. indaranai is laithe lan/araile is adaig imlan, SR 19. ni ro chotlaiset a dá súil ríam acht indala n-ai oc aire a ingine, ZCP iii 5 § 13.

indala sar one of you: bíeid celldach hi cill indala sar cu bráth, Trip.² 1838.

indara de one of the two (de=prep.+neut. s. pron. cf. nechtar de, s.v. nechtar): roḟóidusa ... indarade do chuindchid mo ṡethar dam `one of the twain,' TTr.² 1767.

loittid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. loittid or dil.ie/30592

 

v (lott)

(a) Of objects, injures, spoils, destroys : ro luited ind scīn co nāb ālaind īarnamarach, Corm. Y s.v. Mugheme (p. 76.13) . set aine ro loitestar, Laws i 160.8 Comm . aithghin i[n] ne[i]ch ro loitedh do[n] athgabail `the part of the distress which was destroyed', ii 10.8 Comm . da loiter e ina focend `if it be injured in the ear' (of corn), i 172.10 Comm . sathach . . . ina loitfídhe fíon ann, Párl. na mB. 1171 .

(b) Of land, territory, buildings, devastates, lays waste, destroys: tria brichtu . . . no lúited in mathair cach maigin, RC xv 311 ( Dinds. 18 ). longport . . . as ar loitedh tuatha ┐ cealla Teabtha, CS 142.24 . ro loted leo . . . Ardmacha, Cog. 28.6 . gurro loitseadar in mainistir, O'Gr. Cat. 7.26. an chlaguirneach thig d'urchar loitionn sí na guirt, Párl. na mB. 1187 .

(c) Of persons, wounds, slays, injures : is í ro loited is tír, LU 10686 (TE). ro loitt in gaī féthi do brāgat , ScM. § 14.8 ( LL 13171 , ro gonad feithi do bragat , v.l.). Colmán . . . / cen troit . . . / rod loitt Locan, LL 15833 . ro loitedh (sic leg.) Dunlaing . . . conidh de robadh marbh, Cog. 208.6 . ro-tus-loitt im a n-ór plundered them of their gold, Alex. 1091. mac in chruittiri fón cruit / issed nachassluitt malle `that does not harm either of them', Ériu ix 49 § 30 . nā ramloiti . . . aslach demna nā dāine, iii 31 § 21 . rolot loscend in n-ingen, TTebe 784 (ro loit, v.l.). mairg do loitfeadh láimh eadruinn `it were a pity for any to hurt his hand (intervening) between us', Studies 1921, 589 § 6 . an mēid do loiteadh is beg . . . díobh nach bhfuair [bās] sna fāsaoibh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 42.21 . Fig. lottid mór in droch-comairle, LL 283a11 . mór loites lucht an indluig, Ériu iv 212.1 . do loit ar meanmain `it has wounded my heart', Studies 1921, 418 § 8 . ón ló do loiteadh bhar bhfuil / i ndán Torna, Content. xxix 5. loittear an aithrighe lé gaoith ruaidh na glóire díomhaoine, TSh. 9134.

(d) Fig. violates (a rule, etc.): mad nech bed daltae duit-siu ┐ nád loititis béssae, Trip.² 2901 . acht mad aes braith . . . / no ṡlebbaire loittit smacht, SR 3483 . is fer truag . . . loittes a gessi féin, LL 13727. ? Englecc Loga nár loit labra, 16569 .

2 long

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 long or dil.ie/30639

 

n ā, f. In phrr. denoting various parts of the body (same word as 1 long ?): l.¤ braget the gullet : co caitheth cuit comroindi cacha tigi . . . la taeb múilcheand . . . co leandais na long braigid, YBL 177b21 . l.¤ bronn: cartilagini .i. don loing brond, Gild. Lor. 136 . longa bronn .i. langán na bronn, no an ochda `the ensiform cartilage of the belly', O'Don. Suppl. s.v. longbronn. dorat irclann do cloidhemh [i]na luing bronn fein, CCath. 2210 . long brond is ae feichighthi . . . .i. issed dlegait as cach muic a tae sa long brond, O'Curry 2144 ( Eg. 88, 2 ). mac loinge brond, MacCongl. 33.23 (in comic pedigree). l.¤ ochta (see ucht) ensiform cartilage of the breast : a slucud . . . dar compar a chléib ┐ dar farsiuṅg a bragat ┐ dar loing a ochta, LL 8437 ( TBC-LL¹ 1023 ). má do bhí an druim gonta ód ghuin / is tre luing th'ochta, a Fhearghail `through the cavity of thy breast', Magauran 730 .

Cf. langánach.

tuinide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tuinide or dil.ie/42353

 

Forms: tuinidhe, tuinidhiu, tuinigthe, tuinide, tuinigthe, tuinighthe, dtuinnighibh, tuinide, tuinidh[e]

n f. in: ó fir na tuinidhe (or g p. ?), O'D. 622 ( H 3.17, col. 463 - 4 ). But d s. tuinidhiu, ZCP xii 364.30 (?). ? O'Curry 64 ( H 3.18, 23a ). vn. of *do-neith (see tuinither). The form tuinigthe, usual in Mod. Ir., seems to be a development from tuinide. There is no distinction of meaning between the two except that tuinigthe does not occur in the meaning under I (a), where the exx. are mostly old. The form tuinighthe seems pl. at AFM v 1782.12 , and note a dtuinnighibh , ITS xxiv 118.22 . gur ob tenna ... tuinide bar tren-fear, MR 126.5 .

I As subst.

(a) possession, ownership. In some exx. perh. usucapion, owner's rights acquired by long possession or tenancy (see Thurn. ZCP xv 347 , IT iii 228 , Laws Crit. 42 ): tuinidhe .i. sealbh. fir torachda tuinidhe .i, an lucht frith na gcomhnaidhe as léo sealbh ó cheart, O'Cl., see LL infra. im t.¤ raitig, Laws i 122.15 . t.¤ raitaig a triun sealba, iv 28.1 . Cf. im tuinid raitig .i. fer do teit anechtair co fine, gaibith athgabail ar a fine .i. gaibthius do rod con saigh cuid cuca i sseilb `permanent establishment of a vagrant in the fine (?),' Plummer MS. notes, O'Curry 791 ( H 3.18, 369a ). aitheam gaibeas tuinighe mad on teallach medonach, Laws iv 2.3 .i. luaithíu gabus nech tuinidi in fearaind, 11 Comm. Cf. O'Dav. 126. adh na techta tuinige ... ad do coislead tuinidhe, Laws iv 4.18 , 19 . cem bes a t.¤ , v 210.3 . rucus tuinede la fer n-ecoir `den (dauernden) Besitz,' ZCP xv 346 § 37 . dearbthar tuinde do cetchor .i. dearbthar tuinighe in fearainn ..., O'Curry 1894 ( 23 P 3 fo. 22c ). forruimther tuinidhe la cétchor, O'Dav. 824. cach aidbriudh do cuisin cach laisi naidbrithter is lais a t.¤ (.i. a airisam), O'Curry 336 ( H 3.18, 185a ). do fastad tuinidhe ... is fír lim in ferann don ti escartar ina t.¤ , O'D. 621 ( H 3.17, col. 463 - 4 ). um inní for a roibhe a tuinidhe o bealltaine go bealltaine, O'D. 625 ( H 3.17, col. 465 - 6 ). dligid toreic t.¤ , Anecd. iii 14.25 (see tairecc, tárrachtain). fir toracta t.¤ .i. na fir fúarabair na taoi-aireg, .i. na ccomnaidhe, as leó o cert an tsealb, Leb. Gab.(i) 254.3 and gloss. concertaim tuinidi | tire toracda .i. ... sealbh an tíre a bfuarabair iat na ccomnuide, 254.8 and gloss. fir torachta tuinnidé dar nói tonna móra men who arrived and took possession (?), LL 13a41 = fír tharrachta tuinidhi, BB 40a53 . Cf. O'Cl. supra. conternam tunide tíre tarrechmar, LL 13a43 . treise triath tuinithe, SG 251.26 . trí ríg ... | ... | sínset im tuinithi thend | indse ... hÉrend `strove for the mighty possession,' Ériu iv 136.23 . aspert ... conid les fein tuinithi in chlaidib that the sword belonged to him, IT iii 200 § 65 . rucsat fón innassain trethan trén timsaigthech i cend maigi ... na Frígia do thunidi thimsaigthech ar in Troi `to take collective possession of Troy,' TTr. 1678 . da ttegmhadh Cúchulainn agus Fionn i ttuinidhe dhúdhchuis edir na tuathaibh da n-ainmnighionn an duain iad hereditary possession, Geneal. Tracts 85.12 . In name of a story: mad ferr lat toghla .i. ... Tuinighe Tighe Buirich, Anecd. ii 45.16 .

(b) fixed position, station: co naccassa ... isin tunidi-sin they were seen in this position (i.e. fixed to the ground by stone pillars driven through garments or body), TBC-I¹ 1413 . búi issin tunide sin co tráth teirt árnabárach `remained thus without moving,' RC xiii 452.18 . mo tuaru mo t.¤ | robu inmuin cacht, Ériu i 138.15 = mo thūara lam th.¤ `my food with my station,' ii 56 § 7 . ? atrachtatar tri thapad a thunidi a tairismi, TTr. 1504 . lucht cogair ... | agaibh tarla i dtuinidhe firmly established, DDána 101.16 . cor' chuirset assa t.¤ in tromchloch, Acall. 2811 . gosan tuinithe ttairismech i mbatar a ttreoin ┐ a ttoisigh `the secure position,' Hugh Roe 166.17 . See etartuinide. a n-ucht inn imbualta ┐ a tuinigti an catha battlefield (?), CCath. 4866 . gur chriothnaigheadur ... dia ttreóir ┐ dia ttuinighthe, Cath MT 985 . tuinighthe bearna baoghuil (of a person), LBranach 5305 . stialladh tuinithe tuinne na féarghnúise `rent is the covering surface of earth's grassy countenance,' Ó Bruad. ii 4.2 . ? toing do dia, benai foria aurlithe do chuise hi nglas do bragat hi slabraith co tumidiu (leg. tuinidiu ?) chip no carcrae, O'Curry 64 ( H 3.18, 23a ).

Frequ. with follg. gs. talman: saithis a sgiath a tuinighthi in talman into the firm grip of the earth (?), Ériu viii 20.28 . cártha ... cloiche sáidhte a dtuinnighibh na talmhan `imbedded in the earth,' ITS xxiv 118.22 . Note also: a slegha saidhti trena corpaibh, co ngabtais in talam-t.¤ trempo `were taking hold of the site of the earth,' CCath. 6138 . gur ob tenna ... t.¤ bar tren-fear re tenntaib trom-thalman, MR 126.5 . Perh. rock (=that which is firmly embedded ?) in: fria licuibh ┐ tuinidib in talman, Marco P. 58 . gabsait do lorcuibh ┐ tuinidhibh in talman forro `with cudgels and rocks of the earth,' 148 (cf. cloch th.¤ under II). na carrthadha ... cloch ┐ tuinightheach na talmhan, Cath MT 158 . Note also: cuasa crann na carracc, ná tuinigthe talmhan `in subterranean caverns,' AFM v 1782.12 . And cf. do rinneabhairsi tuinidhe bhithbhineach dhe ( σπήλαιον), Mark xi 17 = tuinuighthe ghaduidhthe, Luke xix 46 . tuinidh[e] `a den ,' Eg. Gl. 318.

? gur chuir trom-ármhach ar na tuingibh (tuinnighthibh, v.l.) do'n tres-ghleo sin `inflicted heavy slaughter on the strong men,' CRR² 96.7 . is miochair a chumann re tuinnighthe an taoibh a dtá `the people who dwell where he lives,' Ó Bruad. i 124.12 .

Gramm. dallbach trentuinidi ┐ dalḃach beccthuinidhe ┐ dallbach cen tuinidi (subdivisions of airchetal aíre), BB 299a31 . soil cédus, rí na cconnsuineadh | trí tuinighthi bhoga iar sin (the consonants c, p and t ?), IGT Introd. 9.23 .

II As adj. (attrib. g s. ?) firm, fixed, immovable: risin tuirid taebalaind tuinidi nobid ar lar na heclaisi, YBL 68a3 . do thuathaib tunidi Troianna, TTr. 973 . Commonly of stones, etc.: clacha toinighthe an talmhon (: roibheithre. Of Síol gColla), TD 9.4 . ag tuargain na Cloiche Barraighe ┐ na g-cloch dtuinighthe do bhádar láimh ria `fixed stones,' ML 32.27 . co n-tógluaiseadh cairrgi troma tuinidi an talman, TTebe 874 . for tealccadh táithleac ttuinigthe `massy flags,' AFM vi 1982.2 . Various applications: tar clár dtoinighthe an talmhan (: doighirthe), TD 7.37 . táin trom-thuinighthe, DDána 89.7 . béasgnadha tuinighthe Taidhg `the unshakeable words of T.', Content. xxii 20 . cona n-inneoin-traigthibh tanaidib tuinighthi fothu `immoveable,' CCath. 5274 . tuirthi ... t.¤ `immoveable pillars,' MR 150.3 . tamhan ... tuinighthi (of Adam as the trunk of a genealogical tree), 98.14 . ag búaladh a ccolg tuinidhe ... ar chorpaibh ` firmly-hilted (?)' (Gloss.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1844.

uball, ubull

Cite this: eDIL s.v. uball, ubull or dil.ie/42847
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ubull, ubaill, ubull, ubull, ubull, ubul, ubuil, ubuill, ubla, ubla, ubail, ubla, hubla, ubúl, ubull, ubal, ublaib, an t-ubhall, ubul(l)chless, uballcles, ubullchless

n o, n., later m. (n s. in t-ubull , SR 1263 , but n p. ubaill is marked lochdach, IGT, Decl. § 94 . ex. 1646 ). n s. ubull n-óir, TBFr. § 3 . u.¤ oir, LU 3673 ( SCC 33 ), a s. ubull, LU 10019 . in n-ubull , SR 1326 . d s. ubul, LU 10021 . g s. ubuil, Mon. Tall. § 49 . ind ubuill , SR 1294 . n p. ubla, LU 7556 . IGT, Decl. ex. 528 (see above). With art. : na ubla , LU 1698 . a p. ubail, PH 518 . ubla, IGT, Decl. ex. 309 . na hubla , LU 1692 . g p. ubúl, Ml. 100c21 . ubull, LU 1694 . ubal, Mon. Tall. § 49 . d p. ublaib, LU 1689 , 1696 .

I

(a) the fruit of the apple-tree, an apple : uball quasi aball ..., Corm. Y 1272 . LL 179b38 . o[c] comét ubúll (gl. in pomorum custodiam), Ml. 100c21 . gluasacht oen ubuild díob de lar ní fogni leusom `lifting a single apple from the ground,' Mon. Tall. § 49 . teclaim ubald dano dia domnaich ... ní fogni leusom `gathering of apples,' ib. cranda imda ... itē tortoirthech ; ubla mora orda foraib, RC ix 472y . nolomraitis ... na hubla ┐ nos ithitís, 474.9 ( LU 1685 ). mionn súl áille gach ubhaill, Ir. Monthly 1919, 226.20 . ubla ag fecadh na gcleth gcorr, IGT, Decl. ex. 528 . dob ubhla óir na hubhaill (uncountenanced form), ex. 1646 . tucsad ubla ... | croinn cumra na gcethramhnaibh, ex. 309 . ubhla bhruaigh Bhóroimhe, TD 17.36 . críoch Éile na n-abhall gcorcra | is ceart ubhla `whose fruit is good,' 34.35 . ro gab shíothal ubhall, Hy Fiach. 202.17 . sugh ubhall, Rosa Angl. 312.8 .

u.¤ fiadhan a crab-apple : ba commor re huball fiadhan gach cloch dib (of hailstones), RC xviii 297 (Tig.). ithedh toirthi mar atait ubla goirti no fiadhan, Irish Texts v 28.6 . Cf. míach fíadubull, LU 7177 . m. di fíadublaib, 6821 . crim, feam, fiadubull ` wild-apple ,' Laws v 474.1 . ubla grethi, Corm. Y 690 .

u.¤ gustairt costard apple: ubla grainneacha ┐ airneadha anaipchi ┐ ubla gustairt (gusdaird, v.l.), G 11 106b3 , Almusór 30 .

In similes and comparisons : a bharr mar ubhla ar n-abghughadh, DDána 114.17 . buidhe th'urla ioná an t-ubhall, Studies 1924, 572.19 .

(b) the fruit of other trees, viz. fig and palm trees, etc. : ... amhuil theilgeas an crann fíge a úbhla anabuidh, an tan bhogthar é ré gáoith thréin figs , Rev. vi 13 . uball gráinnech a pomegranate : ibedh fin ina mberbter uball grainech, Irish Texts v 22.9 . croicinn ubaill grainnigh, 28.1 ubla grainighe ┐ na hubla re nabar sitonia, 34.22 . ubla grainnecha, Ériu x 146 § 3 . uball puinecda a pomegranate : co nublaibh puinecdaib with pomegranates (of the high priest's garments), BB 489b4 . uball palmi a date : tuc secht n-ubaill palmi ... dam, PH 518 .

(c) the fruit of the forbidden tree : acht co tora in t-ubull dam | rannfat etrom is Adam, SR 1263 . dofuc Eua in n-ubull n-úag | dond abaill, 1285 . ni manḟacamar th'uboll, 1346 . o shunn dua[i]d Eua ... | leth ind ubuill aurchotig, 1294 . an t-ubhall far fhás rinn-ne | lasair fheirge th'inntinne, DDána 5.23 . atbath in bith uile ar aen uball, Laws i 52.4 . gur trothluigheadh d'urchor d'ubhall í i bparrthas (sc. Adam's body) ; TSh. 2549 . Here perh. : ó áladhaib in ubaill, IGT, Decl. ex. 325 .

(d) apple of discord, etc. (of classical mythology) : issé an t-ubhall ceasta é, O'Gr. Cat. p. 128 . u.¤ na scéimhe `the palm for beauty': ... ar son gur breathnuigheadh u.¤ na scéimhe léithe (sc. Venus), E. Ó Cl. 2686 . Cf. in lubhgort co n-ubluibh oir fair, Stair Erc. 248 (ITS xxxviii) .

(e) Freq. as complimentary epithet ; also fig. and metaph. : a uball ōir ar n-abla-ni (of Christ), ACL iii 235 § 28 . a ubhall óir (of Mary), PBocht 2.9 . ba hedh uball abhla óir, TFrag. 92.4 (of a chief). a ubhall abhla cumhra | as uaisle náid órubhla, DDána 67.41 . mogall géag nach cumhang gcabhra, | dá ubhall déag abhla óir (of the 12 Apostles), 34.7 . trí sgealláin ubhaill óirchnis `three pips of a gold-skinned apple' (of friends of the poet), Studies 1925, 253.10 . d'ḟeoigh an t-ubhall cumhra grádhmhar (in elegy on a priest), O'Rah. xxvii 5 . trí príomhubhall de chraoibh úir, ib. xii 26 . ubhall cumhra lúbach é sin, xiv 21 . Abhall oile ón ubhall Éabha | do orduigh Críosd, a chroch naomh ; | anmanna cáich uile th'ubhla, | a mhuine bhláith chumhra chaomh, DDána 2.10 . buime ar ríogh an chraobh chumhra ... ubhla grás uirre as iomdha (of Mary), Studies 1932, 243.6 .

(f) In proverbs and proverbial phrases : is uball a nairear fastad gin cundradh , proverbial for useless labour , RIA 23 Q 6 p. 6a ( O'Curry 1613 ). is mé an abhall (leg. an t-ubhall) ó thoinn go toinn, 23 B 19, p. 42 . Cf. reac a ttrice mar tá mé | ón chomharsain go céile | mar ubhall ó thuinn go tuinn, | ag fulang luim is leattruim, Ir. Review 1913, 623 § 8 . ro iadsat lucht in tíre uimme, ┐ dorigned ubhall im rendaib de, ┐ ro marbad hé (a kenning for a corpse pierced by many spears), Acall. 2050 . co ndinganta guin galand ┐ uball im rennaib ┐ aighedha foghailti feolsgaeilti de, D IV 2, 45vb23 . gabais Eochaidh ē, ┐ beris leis ..., ┐ as ī comhairle do rōine guin ghalān ┐ uball imreandach [leg. -aib] do denamh de ina tigh fēin, ZCP xiv 266.13 .

(g) the apple of the eye : (fig.) do coimhéd sé é mar ubhall a shúl, Deuteronomy xxxii 10 . coimhéd m'aitheanta, ┐ bí béo, ┐ mo dhligheadh mar ubhall do shúl, Proverbs vii 2 .

(h) the apple of the throat, Adam's apple : ubhall (na brághat), IGT, Decl. § 11 . don uball bragat (gl. gurgulioni), Gild. Lor. 131 . an céduidhe go ling mbruinne, an tanaisde go hubhall mbraghad (of the passage of the voice), Ériu xiii 36.26 . dobeir indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon, LU 5013 . im ubull braghad in leoghain, Stair Erc. 416 (ITS xxxviii) . Ra ghabh a hubhall shlughatan `held her by the apple of the throat,' TFrag. 30.12 . rug M. dubhghreim ... ar ubhall brághad ar Sheaán, PCT 1644 . Seems to be regarded as the seat of wisdom, one of the 12 doors of the soul, Laws v 363 fn. d . Cf. in mōreōlus mōr for uball a brāgat ┐ for rind a tengad, MacCongl. 125.4 .

II

(a) any globular object, a ball : asedh do gníodhsomh an tan do cluinedh ceol saoghalla idir, no cuiredh da ubhall ciara ... ina cluasaibh (of St. Brendan), Mart. Don. May 16 . Cf. Lism. L. Preface xiii . ┐ ubull dond ór gle | eter cech dá cluicíne, SR 4507 . secht mílchoin i slabradaib argait, ┐ ubull n-óir eter cech n-áe, TBFr. § 3 .

In similes : Ri ro chruthaig ... | hi cuairt na firmiminte, | domun ... | mar ubull febda fircruind, SR 36 . Cf. Laws i 26.24 . Cf. mar ubull i fabull, TBC-LL¹ 4386 .

(b) as an ornament to confine the hair (See Manners and Customs iii 189 seq. ) : mong buide fair, alli dath, | ubull oir oc á íadad, LU 2673 ( SCC 33 ). da uball oir for degabal a moṅgi med ferdornn ceachtar n-ai, YBL 118a40 .

(c) musical balls : craebh airgid co tri hublaib oir fria ais. ba leor ... arpeatad ... eistecht risin ceol dognid in craebh, IT iii 193 § 25 = is amla do bhi an t-oclach ┐ craebh sidhamhail ana laim, co tri hublaibh dergoir fuirre ; ... ┐ an tan rocraitheadh hí ba binne anat ceoil an beatha úile a candais na hubla, Manners and Customs iii 317 n. ( B. Fermoy 62ab ). Cf. Oss. iii 212 .

(d) jugglers' balls : noí n-ubla óir focheird cech ai díb i n-ardae, LU 7556 ( BDD 109 ). anais ... Cu Culaind ... oc airfitiud ban nUlad, .i. nói n-ubla clis ┐ nói cletíne clis ┐ nói scena clis, ┐ ní thairmescad nach ai alaile, LU 8565 ( FB 42 ). slan don ti eamnas na go clis i nnairdi, no na hubla clis i nnairdi, Laws iii 284.20 Comm. ro ir dom .x. n-ubla oir (.i. clis) ` feat-apples ,' Ériu ii 5.1 . imbeir cóic deich ubull óir, | ós clesit for a anoil, LU 3810 ( SCC 37 ).

(e) a weapon of warfare, a missile, cannon-ball : dobér-sa mo láim fon deil cliss dó, .i. fon n-ubull n-athlegtha n-íarnaide,... ┐ béraid comthrom inn ubaill da inchind tria chuladaig, TBC-LL¹ 1265 . tarlaic na hocht n-ubla i n-airddi root n-urchair uad do Ch., 2129 . co tarla an t-ubhall luaidhi i fossadh a édain, CCath. 2178 . ceithre puill déag ina éadach d'áireamh | ó ubhlaibh luatha luaidhe ráinig, Hackett xl 148 . ubhall mar lingeas tré loch `as a bullet through a lake,' Arch. Hib. i 86 § xiii .

(f) the ball of a (ball-and-socket) joint (Anat.) : ubhall na leise the hip joint , O'Don. Suppl. s.v. leis. lingis amach ... co ndeachaid a uball as a les don lem sin, YBL 208a4 . ubhall a leisi do dhol as a ionad cavitate sua excidit coxa, 23 K 42, 102.20 .

(g) the pommel of a sword : a claidhimh ... gu n-ubhull ro mhaiseach don cloich re n-abar berillus (=pomo, Lat. text), ITS xix 84.25 (Roland's address to his sword).

(h) the knob at the butt-end of a spear(?): crimall .i. cro oir im a huboll no uboll oir im a cro, O'Curry 894 ( H 3.18 p. 399 ).

(i) the boss of a shield : boim .i. sgiath, ut est boim bil co n-uball airgit .i. sgiath maith co nae bil fair do airget, O'Dav. 221 (see Ériu xiii 20.25 ).

Compds. (I and II) : uball-chles(s) the ball-feat : tri chless dognítís ind errid .i. cless cleténech ┐ ubullchless ┐ fáeborchless, LU 10140 . ubul(l)chless (LL), uballcles (St.), in t-ubullchless (LU), TBC-LL¹ 2096 . eter ... ubull-chles ┐ siabur-cles ..., LU 8442 ( FB 30 ). in corthi cloichisea ... ra gat a talmain ┐ dariṅgni ubull-chless án méor co a cheli de, MU 32 x , ( LL 266bz ). do gab a rothchles ... ┐ a uballchles ... ┐ a ilchlesa uili, Comp. CC 93.2 . ¤chairche `apple-strain' (i.e. `some kind of delicious music,' Stokes) : co mba binnither teta mendcrot binnḟoghroghudh na n-ubullcairc[h]i-sin (in description of a diadem), CCath. 4711 (cf. II (c) above). ¤chnapach having a round knob : tógbhus Cathal an tshúist ubhallchnapach os a chionn, PCT 559 . ¤mell (a) a globular mass, missile ; bullet, cannonball : dobert ubhall-mell luaidhi ina thabhull ┐ srethais uadh for T. é, CCath. 2177 . saighti foibrighthi ... ┐ liacca lamh ┐ uvillmill iarnaidhe, 5657 . comtuaircnech na liacc lamh ┐ na cloch nglaice, ... ┐ na n-uballmell iarnaidhe, 5860 . gabhait for diúbhraccadh a nubhaillmheall luaidhe [sic leg.] `leaden-bullets,' AFM vi 1982.5 . Cf. 2130.5 ; Hugh Roe 64.21 . (b) other uses : of a helmet : ... co cethra uvullmellaibh cruinni cruaidh-iarainn, CCath. 5268 . ubhallmheall mor ... iarnaidhe, Ériu v 174.201 . ubhallmheall iarainn ar gach slabhradh dhíobh, ITS i 66.18 . Of the sun : atract fo deoidh in grian ina hubullmhioll cró, CCath. 4431 . Of a mountain : co raibhe in sliabh ina ubhall-mheall teindtidhe uile, BNnÉ 66 § 99 . ¤remar : do thóguibh Tomás an tshúist ubhall-ramhar chnapach ós a chionn, PCT 552 . ¤rosc a bulging eye (?), g s. as adj. : fer ... is é srónmar ómar ubullruisc, `apfeläugig,' TBC-LL¹ 5385 (ubhall-rosgach H, St.). dam ... co n-ubullrosc ercce, LL 247a29 ( IT iii 247 : `mit dem Apfelauge einer Kuh' 259 ).