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bacat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bacat or dil.ie/5072

Forms: baicet

n also baicet neck: baicead .i. braige `cervix', Goid. 75 § 13 (Dúil Laithne). b.¤ .i. bráighe , O'Cl. sīn Morainn . . ./ 'mo b. a lō dālo, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 25 .

bedg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bedg or dil.ie/5541
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bidg, bidg, bedga, bidgu, beadhg, bhiodhgadh

n o, m. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 88.11 , GOI § 218. Also bidg. n p. bidg, ZCP xii 378 § 7 , bedga, TTebe 1539 . a p. bidgu, TBC-I¹ 1323. start, spring, leap, bound: bedhg .i. léim, Ériu xiii 77.222 . b.¤ a n-ailithre springing away towards (i.e. sudden departure on) a pilgrimage, Laws v 296.16 . a lelgad (sic) iar n-ar a mbeadg ana ceandasaib allowing them (sc. oxen) . . . to make a start out of their halters, 486.24 . ce fuachnaidh in t-ech risium, acht nar a b.¤ `through a start', iii 180.16 Comm.

With prec. vb. (see also s. fo-ceird, do-cuirethar): foceird Condla . . . b.¤ úadib, LU 10055 ( ZCP xvii 201.5 ). focherd Sūaltaim bedc imach, TBC-I¹ 3000. foceird b.¤ cucai he springs towards it, Fraech 190 . cuirither iasg mbrecc mbedg, Murphy Lyrics 52.9 (MS.). focherd bedc dar na tri lisu `he leapt across the three ramparts', RC xi 452.15 . foceird beadg de co mbai for bruinnibh an fir, Ériu v 122.1 . cuirfidh badhbh beadhg tar bord, ML 122.10 . dos cuiretar bedc as fa thuaid they spring away northwards, IT ii1 175.17 . See do-cuirethar I (c) ff. foling īach brec bedc, Four Songs 20 § 6 .

More generally rush, rapid dash; attack: brëo fri brūach, bruithnech b.¤ `thrust' (of a shield), Ériu xx 192 § 1 ( LL 18382 ). tucus scíath ba Dáire deirg / assin leirg dia ngontis bidg `spear-casts', Metr. Dinds. iii 122.10 . rob é in bidc rúanaid / gním n-uabair nEchach, SG 365.4 . go dtugatar ruathar . . . gur ba bedhg do'n mbráth a mbaramail, Caithr. Thoirdh. 45.36 . suairc don rígh don-roigne an bedhg (the feat of banishing the Goill), Cog. 96.13 . ba buadhach a mbeadhg (: Cearb) (in praise of princes), LMuimhneach 135.7 . sudden death, seizure; shock, fright: ar díen-bhás ar b.¤ / . . . / rom-ain Īosa ard `against shock' (`sudden death', Murphy Lyrics 10.4), Ériu iv 236.7 . bud í in phláig díbse is a b.¤ / in lám d'imbert oram, SG 55.37 . na fhacamar bidhg mar sin `a seizure' (of the sudden death of a horse), Magauran 1784 . an glór do thóg mé a raer i mbíodhg, Keat. Poems 94. cruaidh in beidhg (: Deirg, beadhg, v.l.), LMuimhneach 120.18 . tap .i. obann nō bidg (g s. ?), Corm. Y 1232 = Ériu xiii 23.24 , see also Corm. 43. musclais . . . asa chodlud ┐ dotaéd [do] (sic leg. ed.) bhidg (do bheidhg, bheagh, v.ll.) asin imdaig, FDG 37. subita morte periit .i. do bhidhg, AU i 158.6 (709 A.D.). ba marb do bidc oenúaire died suddenly, SR 7170. Seaan mac P. . . . dég do biodhg ina iomdhaidh `of a sudden fit', AFM iv 770.4 . as amhluigh thárla dhó . . . an t-anam do bhíodhg dá fhághbháil, Mac Aingil 1022 (leg. bhiodhgadh ?).

Compds. With adjj. ¤airlam: robuail G. builli bígurrlum ina bruindi `a swift, sudden blow', ZCP vi 81.5 . ¤ard: cur meabaidh . . . ina buindeadhaibh borbghloracha bedccarda (of a river), TBC-LL¹ 3911.

With nouns. ¤airde: bedgarrdhena báis `startling omens', MR 268.29 . ¤bert: roráid tre bedg-bert, Metr. Dinds. iii 344.91 . dul tre bedhccblaid brig gan glaid / co Delccnait na comaentaidh, glossed: tria imthecbt obann, Leb. Gab.(i) 44.11 . ¤díbad: beidgdibudh mor co ro la ár doeine ┐ indeli `a sudden . . . mortality', AU i 496.2 (986 A.D.). ¤labartha (pl. of labairt): ris na bidg-labarthaibh bódhbha `startling . . . words', MR 298.4 .

With verb: bráighe gheal fa ghruaidh shéaghainn | in uaigh is eadh bhidhgfhéaghaim 'a pale neck beneath a distinguished cheek is what I see in the grave and start in horror', Giolla Brighde 50 § 39 .

? teíd gan bhéim le beadhgoráin (: iongabháil), Aithd. D. 60.5 .

1 brága

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 brága or dil.ie/6482

Forms: brág(a)e, bráige, brághat, brágha, bráighi, brághaid, braiget

n earlier brág(a)e t. Also bráige. Later f. g s. na brághat , IGT Decl. § 11 (54.13) , see also forms brágha bráighi f. in IGT s.v. 2 brága. Later n s. brághaid, ZCP v 211.5 (Midn. Court).

I

(a) neck, throat, gullet: bráge gl. ceruix, Sg. 50a10 . braga .i. bir-āga. Āige ainm bir. Nō bara āig í ar menci airlig na bragad, Corm. Y 161. braighe no muinél, SG ii 473.43 . to choise hi nglas, to braghat hi slabraith, Bürgschaft 23.4 (cf. Ériu xix 71 § 35 ). Morund nícon ruc breth cin sin ima braghuit `without . . . a chain around his neck', Laws i 24.25 Comm. gaī trīat brāgit . . . ro-loitt . . . féthi do brāgat, Sc.M² 14. in chráeb . . . eter in ṁbrágit ┐ in n-agid, Fraech 202 . ba gilithir snechta oenaidchi a brági ┐ a chnes, TFerbe 44 . ór fo brāigtib, ZCP viii 302.28 . láma cáich dib dar brágait a céli, PH 1697. íar nglenamain cnáma bratan in a bragit when a salmon bone stuck in his throat, LU 4058. tachtad ar brágtib, 2426 . ron tart a b.¤ (: cána) his throat dried up, LL 21168. bat itadaigh na braichti (braigde, v.l.), CCath. 2579. geal a bhrāighdhe bán a b[h]onn, KMMisc. 362.3 . do-ratsat a lama tar braigit araile ┐ ro pocsat a cele, Grail 1094 . dod bhrághaid bháin, DDána 19.11 . an bhrágha dar bhean a glas the neck she (sc. Mary) freed from chains, 7.10 . atá do bhráighe mar thor ibhori, Cant. vii 4. dá nathair nimhe . . . timchioll a brághad, Mac Aingil 2732 .

Of animals, etc. fo brágit cech eich, Fraech 28 . im braigit na cethra, Laws i 142.13 Comm. i mbrágtib na n-ocht mbiast (of infernal monsters), LU 2156 ( FA 22 ). gabhus sí an mhuc ar bhrághaid `by the neck', Oss. vi 142.21 . ar fairsinge a bragat of its (a raven's) craw, O'Mulc. 122.

Fig. of persons: brágha chatha Choirrshléibhe `the vanguard of the troop of C.', O'Hara 1472. (of a warrior) brágha míonmhaicne Míleadh, DDána 73.36 .

Attrib. g s. huball braiget ` Adam's apple, thyroid cartilage ', Bretha 2A . Cf. ar mheall do bhrághad, Keat. Poems 1195. fri huball brāgad in chon, TBC-I¹ 524. cnocc bráget see cnocc. anagaidh . . . tuitim an tsine Ṡeaain ┐ na cat mbraghat quinsy (?), C IV 2, 30vb 17 (see Études Celt. iii 368 § 8 ). esbada brágat, see 1 esbaid.

Of other parts of the body: a cur a mbragaid an lésa neck of the bladder, O'Gr. Cat. 272.9. do chuir an cenn ele don cengal ima bhraighid `across his chest', Stair Erc. 1961. le himurcrachaib na sróna ┐ na bráighedh `of . . . the lungs— the chest' (Gloss.), Reg. San. 21 § ix . ra tescfaitis lim-sa bráigte fer for bráigte fer `trunks of men', TBC-LL² 4708 . (in rhet.) crennait brain braigte fer, 4603 . Hence by metonymy body, person; life (?). In legal contexts: a feronn ria na braighid, a braigh fa deoigh `his land (is forfeited) before his neck, his neck last', Laws iv 264.14 . Cf. a ferunn re na braighe `before his person' (of the order in which distraint is levied upon a debtor), ii 40.25 Comm. co tuctar [a lan] log a mbraigit doib dar a cenn (of selling misbegotten children), iii 540.21 Comm. tri .xx. unga do or . . . ┐ lan logh braghad in treas oeitire `full compensation for the life of', AU i 560.13 .

(b) Extended applications: gabul fo brāigit neck (of a spear), Fing. R. 1011. a dhā c[h]raīsigh . . . co m[b]unc[h]oraib óir deirg im a bhráighdib, ML² 1485. darsin mbragait `over the neck' (of a harp), Lism. L. xiv 32 . braigit na linne millrace , Todd Nenn. 200.5 . (of a sea strait) isin mbráighit cumaing bui eiter in cuan ┐ in fairrgi, CCath. 1379. as don fhocal ēns[h]iolla sin goirthear `bráighe' i.e. the monosyll. at the end of even lines in metre sédna, Graim. 3638. In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. s. braig- , bragad , bragaid .

II In prepositional phrases. fo braigit na Samhna `at the approach of', ALC ii 134.6 . fa bhrághaid Mhathghamhna in the presence of M., PCT 642. suidhe i dTeamhraigh 'na rígh fa bhrághaid Néill supplanting N. as king, Keat. ii 6263. do thogair D. an mac do b'óige don dís teacht fá bhrághaid a dhearbhráthar, 2841 . foesamh graid flatha tar braigit fini to the prejudice of (?), Laws iv 208. 25 Comm. manab tar braghait fine `against the will of', 288.21 Comm. gerruis clann R. an tslighe tar bhrághuid clann I. `made their way in front of . . .', Rel. Celt. ii 200.28 . tucastar . . . ceithri coisceimenda dochum araile tar braigit na sleg past, Acall. 4734.

In phr. gaibid for (ar) brágait takes prisoner or captive (? lit. by the neck, cf. 2 brága): gabaid [Ísu Críst] for bragaid Sattan, PH 3925. gabais ar braigtib eat uile `took them all prisoners', RC ix 16 § 6.

Compds. With adjj. Eochaid gunnat .i. Eochaid bragfhada, SG ii 473.42 . an gruaidhghil bind brágaitghil, Ériu iv 214.8 . As subst. an bhraighidgheal `the fair-breasted lady', O'Rah. 224.23.

? cairein

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? cairein or dil.ie/7910

n carbad a bheil, c.¤ bráighe ` roof of the mouth ', Eg. Gl. 179 . Appar. dim. of 4 carr.

dead

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dead or dil.ie/14812
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: deud, dead, deoid, diaid, diud, deoaid, diud, dead, diaid, diaid, diaid, dead, dead, deád, deod, deogh, diad, deid, dead, i ndead, dé, déid, deoidh, -deóidh, -deóigh, diad, díad, ndiad, ndiag, diat, diaid, díaid, diáid, diaig, diaigh, diud, díud, diúdh, diuid, diuidh, diúidh, deud, déud, diaid, deugh, deod, deód, deódh, deodh, déod, deog, deut, déu, deo, dé, deid, déidh, -déidh, -déigh, deoid, déoid, deóid, deóid, deoaid, deoig, diud, díud, diú, diae, dead-, deod-, déod-, deog-, ded-, Dead, diad., Dead, dofeid

n o, n. and ā, f. Neuter gender proved by Sg. 162 a 7 : ní cumscichther dead nindib, and Ériu iii 100 § 22 : diad naidche (Rule of Ailbe). In the 9th century still disyllabic, in the latter half of the 10th century monosyllabic. In early Mid.-Ir. poetry occasionally disyllabic to meet the requirements of the metre.—The ā-inflexion dates back to the Wb. glosses (13 d 9 ; cf. Sg. 212 a 13 ). fo hírdiuid (: triuin), SR 3984 .

DISYLLABIC: deud, Fél. Prol. 220 . dead, LL 135 a 24 (poem ascribed to Mael Muire Othna †887). deoid, Reicne Fothaid Chanainne (late 9th century), Fianaig. 16. 18 . diaid, Thes. ii 340. 3 (Broccán's Hymn). dead, SR 2829 . diud, ib. 3087 . Rawl. 46 a . deoaid, Gorm. Feb. 24 (Mid.-Ir.). diaid, FB § 71 (ambiguous).

MONOSYLLABIC: diud, SR 1568 . dead, LU 51 b 41 (poem ascribed to Cinaed Ua Hartacáin †975). diad (v.l. ded), Rule of Ailbe (10th century), Ériu iii 100 § 22 . diaid ZCP iii 22. 31 (poem from A.D. 982, ascribed to MacCosse). diaid, LL 143 a 41 (poem ascribed to Gilla in Chomded, 12th century). diaid, LL 144 a 48 (poem ascribed to Gilla in Choimded Ua Cormaic, 12th century). Cf. further diaid, Acall. 2508. 3369 . ZCP v 24 § 11 , viii 114. 11 . déidh ZCP iv 237. 16 . dead, ib. iii 19. 36 , all poems in Mid.-Ir. language.

RHYMES: deäd: gleäd, SR 2829 . deäd: gleëd, LL 135 a 24 . diüd: triür, Rawl. 46 a . diüd: biüd, SR 3087 ; but monosyllabic diud: biud, SR 1568 . deöig: gleöad (gleoaid, leg.), Anecd. i 47 st 1 (YBL). Monosyll. diaid: gliaid, LL 144 a 48 . ZCP vi 269 . st 11 . diaid: riad SR 595 . : criaid, ZCP vi 266 § 11 = 3 C 13, 558. 7 . deoid: ceol, LL 146 a 26 . deóid: eóil, Cog. 54. 18 ; 3 C 13, 558. 1 . deóigh: aieóir, ib. 591. 6 . deoidh: móir, Ech. Am. Móir 578 . déidh: éill, ib. 112 .

INFLEXION (for mod. forms cf. also II a, d, e below): n s. (a) dead, Sg. 162 a 7 . LL 135 a 24 . ZCP iii 19. 36 . deád LU 51 b 41 . deod, Lec. Gl. 432 . deogh, C I 2, fo. 30 b . (b) diad, Ériu iii 100 § 22 . —g s. deid, BB 330 a 41 . —a s. (a) dead, SR 2829 . LL 245 b 24 . TBC-LL¹ 1225 Y. i ndead, Wb. 11 a 17 . AU A.D. 772 . Sg. 1 a 5 . 11 b 4 . 18 b 2 . 77 a 9 . dé, O'Curry Trs. déid: deig, FDG 376 . déid, ZCP iv 237. 16 and common in mod. poetry. deod: deog, Ériu ii 174. 12 ; co deo[d] = mod. go deo. deoid, Fianaig. 16. 18 . deoidh, Ech. Am. Móir 578 . Mod. -deóidh, -deóigh. (b) diad, Ml. 23 c 16 . 119 a 4 . Laws iv 366. 1 . díad, Mon. Tall. 139 . 20 . i ndiad , Ml. 17 c 6 . 20 b 4 . 22 a 8 . 35 b 23 . 35 d 11 . 40 c 2 . 42 b 5 . 45 b 3 - 4 , 9 . 48 b 9 . 50 c 5 . 53 c 14 . 63 a 7 . 65 a 12 . 65 b 5 . 75 c 8 . 89 a 8 . 103 b 11 . 91 d 7 . 100 c 2 . 111 c 9 . 127 a 12a . Tur. 131 . Mon. Tall. 131. 15 . i ndiag , Laws i 22. 26 . diat (before s): inna d. sen, Anecd. iii 50. 1 v.l.— diaid, Thes. ii 340. 3 . LL 143 a 41 . 144 a 48 . LB 231 a 3 . FB §§ 65 , 70 , 71 . TBC-LL¹ 695 . 893 . 1000 . 1030 . Laws i 152. 1 f.b. ; v 480. 23 . RC xxiv 180. 20 ; xxix 220 . ZCP iii 22. 31 . Acall. 2175 . 2508 . 2567 . 3369 . 3407 . 3866 . 4069 . 4533 . 4610 . 5397 . 6044 . Cog. 154. 10 . MacCarthy 126. 0 . CCath. 69. 3401 . Fianaig. 54. 5 . PH pass. díaid, Ériu i 120 § 13 . BB 415 b 21 . diáid, FB § 70 . SCC § 20 , § 46 . FA § 31 . TBC-LL¹ 923 . LL 242 a 40 . diaig, Laws i 22. 13 sq. ZCP i 372. 24 ; v 24 § 11 ; viii 114. 11 . RC v 200 § 14 . diaigh, RC xviii 292. 15 . TBC-LL¹ 686 v.l. &c. diud: díud, Trip. 124. 18 . diúdh, AFM v 2036. 12 . diuid: diuidh, ib. 1926. 5 f.b. diúidh, i 290. 5 f.b.d s. (a) deud, Wb. 3 b 28 . 13 b 3 . Thes. ii 44. 10 . Sg. 9 b 21 . 93 b 8 . Mon. Tall. 138. 14 . LL 249 b 27 . déud, Fél. Prol. 220 (v.l. diaid). deugh, RC xiv 453. 2 f.b. deod: deód, FB § 83 , § 90 , 91 . IT i 257. 2 . LU 112 b 4 . LL 126 a 1 . deódh, AFM v 1748. 9 . deodh, ib. vi 1428. 2 . déod, Corm. 34. 6 f.b. deog, RC xii 64. 22 ; xiii 28. 19 . deut, Thes. ii 44. 10 . déu, Mon. Tall. 129. 5 . deo, LL 220 b 31 . Laws v 196. 13 . TTr. 26 . dé, TBC-LL¹ 1488 Y. deid, Wb. 13 d 9 . Sg. 212 a 13 . déidh, Ech. Am. Móir 112 . -déidh, -déigh, mod. poetry. deoid: CCC § 5 Eg. Mon. Tall. 140. 29 . Laws i 26. 10 ; ii 134. 15 ; iii 130. 22 . LL 146 a 26 . IT i 100. 19 . ZCP iii 36. 1 . RC xxiv 174. 10 ; 200. 18 . MacCarthy 68 . 12 . PH pass. déoid, TBC-LL¹ 1897 . deóid (sic), Cog. 54. 18 . deóid, ScM. § 12 . FA § 3 , § 22 . Ériu iii 137. 48 . PH pass. deoaid, Gorm. Febr. 24 (disyllabic). deoig Mon. Tall. 135. 18 , 153. 22 . Laws v 172. 2 f.b. Anecd. i 47 st 1 (YBL). deoigh, ZCP vi 78. 24 . Laws ii 40. 7 f.b. Cog. 40. 16 &c. (b) diud, Ml. 29 a 8 . 40 a 15 . BCr. 18 d 1 . Thes. ii 44. 15 . SR 3087 (: biüd), 1568 (monosyll.). Rawl. 46 a (: triür). Trip. 72. 3 . RC xxiv 147. 12 . díud, Trip. 124. 18 . diú, Mon. Tall. 138. 29 . diae, Laws v 368. 11 .—COMPS. dead- RC xxv 28. 3 . deod-, déod-, MacCarthy 280. 5 . AFM iv 778. 4 . deog-, MacCarthy 302. 19 . ded-, v. dedól.

Dead as an independent word was becoming obsolete at the beginning of the Mid.-Ir. period, and words like deired, cenn, and forcenn took its place. It was preserved, however, in prepositional phrases; but the o-inflexion gave way to the ā-inflexion, which latter seems as old as the Wb glosses (see above). The acc. sg. remained intact in the phrase co deod = mod. go deo. The change from the o- to the a- inflexion was facilitated by the parallel phrase i ndigaid (i ndegaid) which in Mid.-Ir., apart from the slender -d, was bound to fall together with diad. Mid.-Ir. i ndiaid, then, seems a contamination of Oir. i ndiad and i ndígaid; both render Lat. proinde ( .i. i ndígaid sin, Ml. 71 b 11 ; .i. i ndiad sin, Ml. 65 a 12 , 75 c 8 ; .i. inna diad, ib. 63 a 7 ); corresponding to Sg. 77 a 9 : mac i ndead a athar, Wb. 30 b 14 has: maic i ndegaid a nathre. Mid.-Ir. has i ndegaid (i ndegaid a athar, MacCarthy 282 , 11 f.b. ) and i ndiaid; but there is no trace of a Mid.-Ir. i ndígaid. In a phrase like the following: táinic in rechtaire i ndíaid in áil the steward came to get the fork RC xxix 220. 7 , díaid should be traced to Oir. dígaid rather than to diad.

ORIGIN: Dead, i.e. †de-vedo-, is a cpd. of prep. de, as the interchange dead: diad (cf. degaid: dígaid) shows, and an old vn. of †de-ved leads off or out, the opposite of †to-ved leads on, Oir. dofeid. For †de-fed cf. do-díat (i.e. †dí-ved-s-t) translating Lat. inducat Ml. 35 c 30 (dum-dísed diducet ib. 78 b 18 , dan-diat deducit eum Sg. 77 a 4 ), and interchanging with de-, as in dead: dusn-deraid (†de-ro-fáid) transl. eduxit, Ml. 99 b 13 . Cf. dered `end,' orig. vn. of †de-reth-. Thus tuus and dead spring from one and the same root. To fedid as the root of dead also point the adjectives didenach, dedenach, probably derivatives from a vn. †diden (cf. air-diden, tu-diden), cf. fedan, deidine.—Stokes' derivation, Sprachschatz 144 , is wrong.

I End, conclusion, utmost limit , as the opposite to tuus or tossach, usually referring to time or serial order. deod .i. deired, Lec. Gl. 432 . deogh .i. deradh, C I 2, fo. 30 b . ó thossach co déidh, ZCP iv 237. 16 . ó thossuch co dead, LL 245 b 24 . ó thús co deig, FDG 376 . diud at the end of: diud noichtich, BCr. 18 d 1 .

(a) dead aidche the end of the night: dofil deoidh na haidchi, Fianaig. 16. 18 . iarméirge cert la sruithi diad naidchi tossach laithi, Ériu iii 100 § 22 . d s. deud aidche at the end of the night: laithe nand atraig deud aidche (v.l. diud a., RC xxiv 147. 12 ) LL 249 b 27 .

(b) dead lái the end of the day, the evening : ria ndeód lái, FB § 90 . ré ndeo lái, LL 220 b 31 . TTr. 261. 321 (ndéo). a mbátar and co deód lái co tráth na faire, FB § 83 . rorádi a ara friss imm díud lái, Trip. 124. 18 . d s. deud lái at the end of the day, at eventide : tic Find don ḟuarboith déod lái, Corm. 34. 6 f.b. tapair na trí scitle si deog læi do Chridenbél, RC xii 64. 22 . amal robátar and tráth nóna deód lái, FB § 91 . LU 112 b 4 . trath nóna deog lái, RC xiii 28. 19 . taisbenad inna flede deód lái, FB § 91 . LL 126 a 1 . deugh lói, RC xiv 453. 2 f.b. arcesi scís a láma diud lái, Trip. 72. 3 . ind sailm aurnaigi déu lái the evening psalms of prayer Mon. Tall. 129. 5 . ic crosfigil diú laoi, ib. 138. 29 . Also in the FM in archaizing language: lodar ó Áth Seanaigh deodhlaoí, v 1428. 2 . doluidh deódhlaoí láiṁ re Sionainn, ib. 1748. 9 .—For diae, Laws v 368. 11 : diae inn laei aircendai at the end of the appointed day, read diud.

(c) dead bliadnae the end of a year, d.¤ fogmair the end of the autumn. Arch. in FM: co diúidh teora mbliadhan, AFM i 290. 5 f.b. go diuidh mbliadhna, vi 1926. 5 f.b. ní roionnsaigh cechtar nae díobh aroile go diúdh foghṁair, ib. 2036. 12 .

(d) dead in domain the end of the world: co tici dead in domuin, ZCP iii 19. 36 . rosuigidead na cána so ó thosach domain co diaig to the end (`go deo'), Laws v 480. 23 . indiu déud domain (v.l. diaid), Fél. Prol. 220 .

(e) the end of life: Issac fri dead náissi: glead gníma glangáisse, SR 2829 .

(f) the end of a numeral series: ocht ṁbliadna déc... acht fil co diaid in míle, ZCP iii 22 st 36 .

(g) the conclusion of a book, a psalm, a chapter , &c.: hua sunt conrici diad in tsailm from here to the end of the psalm Ml. 119 a 4 . hi tosuch in tsailm...┐ ised dano tadbat inna diud, ib. 40 a 15 . ó `dixi custodiam' co díad (sc. of the psalm) Mon. Tall. 139. 20 . corrici diat[h], ib. 139. 25 . crónic ...inti medon ┐ tossach ┐ dead, LL 135 a 24 .

(h) grammatically: Auslaut, the end of a word, as opposed to tossach `Anlaut'; transl. Lat. finis: in principio mouentur .i. ní cumscichther dead nindib, Sg. 162 a 7 .

(i) FIG. ní thoracht Cormac déad na fírinni rodfír, LU 51 b 41 .

(k) IDIOM. ó thús diaid from the beginning to the end: adfiadat a scéla ó tús díaíd dó, BB 415 b 21 . ó thúis deireadh is still usual (W.K.).

II PREP. PHRASES.

A Prep. governing the accusative.

(a) co dead frequent in the phrase ó thús co d.¤ , v. above I, c, d, f, g; esp. co deod (originally the d s.), mod. go deo (in all districts), like choidhche, go héag, go bráth of future time, to the end, always : beidh sé gan ṁaith go deo he will be no good any more. sin é an buachaill gan eagla go deo (W.K.). faire go deó rú!, Midnight court 418 . Most frequently with a negative = never: ní thiocfaidh sé taobh liom go deo airíst; ní ḟéadfainn é go deo; ní bheidh sé agut go deo (W.K.). For Aran cf. Finck ii 86 .—co dé .i. co bráth, O'Curry Trs.

(b) fri dead, v. I e.

(c) fo diad last, after verba movendi: in ordine secunda ponuntur .i. inna hí batar buthi ar thuus dusrale fo diad, Ml. 23 c 16 .

(d) i ndead, i ndiad; Mid.-Ir. i ndiaid (rarely i ndeod, Ériu ii 174. 12 ). Eclipsis abandoned in Mid.-Ir. Cf. Acall. 2567 . YBL 179 b 3 . FB § 71 . In Mod.-Ir. a great variety of forms: i ndiaidh in all districts except the north (where as in Scotland déidh is used). In Kerry the following forms are heard: i ndiaig (-g from -idh), i ndeoig; i ndia, i ndeo' (i ndeodhadh), esp. before the particle san: na dhia san, but na dhiaig sin; i ndéig (na dhéig sin), na dhé' san. Very frequent is na dheabhaig sin (na dheabha san) thereafter, perhaps a contamination of i ndeoig and i ndeaghaig (still in use). Don. déidh is by Quiggin Dial. Don. § 162 traced to Oir. dead, degaid.

(α) of serial order, after, following after. Often synonymous or interchanging with i ndegaid. Corresponding to Lat. sequens, consequens: sequenti uocali .i. i ndead in deoguir bís sin chétna sillaib, Sg. 18 b 2 . de spiritali consequenti eos petra .i. a nail inna ndead, Wb. 11 a 17 . turbae quae sequebantur: na buidne robátar ina dhiaid, PH 4625 . 4575 ( ib. 4383 i ndegaid in the same phrase). Opposed to Lat. praecedens and pronominal cpds. with ré n-: praecedenti, gl. buithe inna diad, Ml. 35 b 23 . dá charpat rempe díb ┐ dá charpat na diaid following her (sc. Medb) TBC-LL¹ 695 ; same phrase Acall. 3866 . —is i ndiadet dixisti' dutiagat `come after Ml. 111 c 9 . bó i ndiaid (v.l. i ndíad) ind lóig, Thes. ii 340. 3 . beith i ndiaid to follow Laws i 152. 1 f.b. —MOD. ní hé sin tá uaim ach an ceann na dhiaig sin airíst the one immediately following (of a chapter in a book).

(β) after, in succession to; often translating Lat. successio, post. Type: macc i ndead a athar, Sg. 77 a 9 . Synon. i ndegaid. cen macc i ndeog a athar for Érinn co bráth, Ériu ii 174. 12 (v.l. a ndiaid, Rawl.); but: maic i ndegaid a nathre, Wb. 30 b 14 . in baile seo do fognum dó ┐ dá muintir ina diaid, Acall. 5397 . Iugaine a ndiaid Eirimoin, ib. 2567 . 2508 . Acall. 4969 . Cf. Laws i 22. 13 sq. , 26 . successionem generis .i. inna diad, Ml. 127 a 12a .— is airi asindet som donaib huaislib i ndiad inna nísel, Ml. 40 c 20 . léic foraindi ┐ forár maccu inár ṅdiaid a fuil ┐ a dígal PH 2947 . atruacht Gamut a ndiaig I., ZCP viii 114. 11 .— Often opposed to remi: coná bói remut nách hi[d] diaid ríg bas eolchu indái, PH 3968 . 3970 . roiṁe ┐ i ndiaidh bídh, Donlevy 392. 6 ; 120. 3 ; iv 21 ; i nd. a bháis, ib. 27. 19 — ardor solis...deirmess mór inna dead following on it AU A.D. 772 . post illos, gl. i ndead inna ní sin, Sg. 1 a 5 .

cách i nd. alaili one after the other (= diaid i ndiaid, μ): continua successione .i. cách díb i ndiad alaili, Ml. 42 b 5 . 72 b 27 . nosdíbairg na trí coecta snáthat cách i ndiaid araili díb, FB 65 . d. araili id.: berid secht cluichi diaig aroili RC v 200 § 14 . —Cf. mod. cách i ndiaidh a chéile.

(γ) with 3 sg. poss. pron. and the demonstr. particle sin = thereafter, thereupon ; often synonymous with iarum, iarsin, annsin. i ndiad sin, transl. proinde, Ml. 65 a 12 . 75 c 8 (synon. i ndigaid sin, gl. proinde, Ml. 71 b 11 ); transl. etiam, Ml. 20 b 7 (wrongly corrected by the editors to inna d. s.).—Cf. the mod. Sc. an déigh sin, an déigh so afterwards. inna diad, transl. proinde, Ml. 63 a 7 . Mid.-Ir. na diaid, na d.¤ sin. inda diaid, Mon. Tall. 131. 12 . inda diad sin, ib. 131. 15 . atchúala ina diáid guth ind aingil, FA § 31 . doberthea a chlann co Brian ina diaid afterwards RC xxiv 180. 20 . roeirgedar maccáim re hescradaib...┐ rodíanscáilit lind do chách ina diaid sin, Acall. 4610 . ina diaid thereupon PH 857 . 1144 . 2890 . Donlevy vii 26 ; xviii 10 ; 270. 7 . go haithghearr na dhiaidh shortly after ib. 456. 21 . trí míosa na dhiáigh sin three months after Bedel Gen. xxxviii 24 . mór chian na dhiaigh sin, OCL 20. 1 .—Very frequent in mod. lang.: tamall na dhiaigh sin shortly after.

(δ) i ndead, inna dead, idiomatically as a term of reference = below, further on, referring to something more explicitly defined in what follows. i ndead: duo possuit necessaria, gl. asbeir i ndiad which he mentions further on Ml. 50 c 5 . ib. 45 b 9 . duplicis salutis auctor Ezechiae fuit Deus .i. a nasbeir i ndiad as he says below ib. 48 b 9 . Here also Ml. 35 d 11 : iste inquam &c. .i. i ndiad, and 103 b 11 : nihil inquam &c. , gl. i ndiad, where indiad by Sarauw, ZCP iv 86 , and Stokes, Thes. i 717 a , is wrongly explained as a verbal form translating Lat. inquam; in both instances the glossator omitted the usual `asbeir,' as it might be understood from the Lat. inquam to which he added his gloss. inna dead; as the parallel phrases im d.¤ , inár nd.¤ show, inna contains the 3 sg. m. (f.): issed són desimrechtaigedar som namma inna dead it is this which he exemplifies below Sg. 11 b 4 . imchomarc insin huile ┐ ishǽ a thuassulcud in comthod talmaidech asber inna diad .i. prohibe &c. , Ml. 53 c 14 . ib. 22 a 8 . 65 b 5 . 89 a 8 . 100 c 2 . inna ndiad immediately after Ml. 91 d 7 , where the plural refers to `dispensationes.' With following sís: issí in míimbert asbeir inna diad sís, Ml. 17 c 6 . ib. 45 b 3 .—neut. do réir mar cuirthear síos é na dhiaidh so (i.e. in the following chapter), Donlevy 392. 7 . it dead, orig. after you (viz. the reader), i.e. below: conad impi sein tarla etarru ar marbad Hectair itiáid, LL 272 a 40 . TTr. 1900 . More usually the 1 sg. or pl. is employed: im dead, inár ndead: amal atá inár ndiaidh, MacCarthy 126 o . IT iii 69 § 17 . mar indeósus in scél inár ndiaidh as the story will tell afterwards CCath. 69 . —Cf. also Donlevy xxi 1 f.b. : an teagasc Crísduighe si nár ndiaidh. —The phrase is still in use.—Synon. inár ndegaid, diár néis ( Sg. 195 a 2 ).

(ε) after verba movendi, after , denoting the aim or object of many verbs, syn. i ndegaid, i nindsaigid. dol (techt, &c.) i nd. to follow: luid in mac bec na ndíaid dia nimdibe, TBC-LL¹ 923 . dolotar i nd. Atharni, YBL 179 b 3 . tibra itá i Loch Con...téit na diaig intan tráiges, ZCP v 24 § 11 . ragaid Líban it diáid, SCC § 20 . tángadur cách ina diaid, Acall. 2175 . marcsluaigh...ag dul nár ndiaigh OCL 25. 12 . an tí rénar toil teacht im dhiaidh se diúltadh é féin, TSh. 222. 25 . to approach : ag dol i nd. deiridh decaying , a common phrase = ag d. chum deiridh, W.K. follow with intent to overtake, pursue : go dtigidh tóir id dhéidh, Ech. Am. 112 . ac teacht le fíochniṁ ina ndeoidh, ib. 578 . rith i nd. to run after: nobered rith báise na ndiaid, TBC-LL¹ 893 . ceangailte do neithib saoghalta ┐ ag rioth na ndiaidh, Donlevy x 2 . gabáil i nd. to pursue : gabmáidne uile a ndiaid ind óclaig, Acall. 6044 . dorónsat airbirt tenn a ndiaid a comalta, ib. 3407 . rolebling léim ina diaid sum, FB 70 . cur i nd. to send against (or to): rocuired D. ndiaid (= i nd.) na muinter día narcain, Cog. 154. 10 . docuiredh teachta uatha ina dhiaidh, OCT 54.21 . ag drud na ndéoigh approaching them 3 C 13, 591. 6 . to throw after: docer a samthig inna diad, Tur. 131 . focerd ceirtle ana ndiaidh, RC x 68. 7 . to call, shout after: doriugart Georgi a ndiaid na míled, PH 1335 . Cf. Sc. chuir misi nan déidh mo ghlaodh, Macd. 325 b .

(ζ) buith i nd.¤ (a) with a personal subject: to be after, i.e. to seek, to look for, try to get, pursue. bái sium a ndiaidh a athardha he persevered in his endeavours to recover his patrimony AFM vi 2094. 5 . in lucht marbta ro bai ina n-diaidh-siumh, CCath. 5763 . 5768 . dḟosgail sé é is thóig sé leis an rud a raibh sé na dhiaidh which he was looking for Súil Uí Dhubhda 4. 19 . is mian leis bheith a ndiagh a thoile, Ériu v 128 § 27 . Cf. táinic...a ndiaidh an áil to get the fork RC xxix 220 . —(b) with neuter subj. to be left, spared: sgriosag an tír is níl na ndiaig acht flíoch is fiadhaile Midnight court 79 .

(η) with verbs like slaodaim, tarraigim, stracaim I drag or trail after me: siubhail nó stracfad san lathaig am dhiag, Midnight court 134 . —Synon. i ndegaid, TBC-LL¹ 1924 .

(θ) after in the foll. phrases: as marb uile Fianna...olc atú a ndiaid na ríg rán, Acall. 3369 . co cend trí lá nícon reilgthe láig dia mbúaib ina diaid, Ériu i 120 § 13 (`to commemorate him,' Meyer). nach dleaghair do neach cuṁa do dhéanaṁ i ndiaidh an tí théidh uaidh, TSh. 238. 16 . tá sé anuaigneach i ndiaidh a ṁic (W.K.).—Synon. i ndegaid.

(ι) behind : féach id dhiaigh, transl. respice post te, TSh. 15. 2 ; very common after fácbaid to leave something behind one: dfág sé an raṁan na dhiaidh he left the spade behind him (W.K.). Numerous exx. Finck ii 81 .

(κ) since : leo so dorinneadh na cinidheacha annsa doṁan a ndiaigh na díleann, Bedel Gen. x 32 .

(λ) with vb. ` bind': to bind or fix sth. to a thing in motion , as a ship or a chariot. noscengland Cuchulainn Ercoil i ndiáid a charpait leis, FB § 70 . cenglathar err trén tnúthach i nd. erri óencharpait, ib. 71 . ceanglaidhidh an toiléan sin (sc. Éire)...a ndiaigh bhur long, OCT 9.4 .

(μ) idioms: diaid i ndiaid one after another = cách i ndiaid alaili (d, β). Of persons and actions: ré nói ríg déc diaid i ndiaid in continuous succession LL 144 a 48 . amal rachansam cech cert diaid i ndiaid, ib. 143 a 41 . a rígha ┐ a thóisigh diaigh a ndiaigh forin leith sin doréir a ndualgus, ZCP i 372. 24 . tángatur in fían...muin ar ṁuin ┐ druim ar dhruim ┐ d. i nd. da innsaige, Fianaig. 54. 5 . re tri lá d. a nd. for three successive days CCath. 3401 . dá chreich diaigh a ndiaigh la gallaib for muintir Sercacháin RC xviii 292. 15 . rochuir in dá chroich diaid i ndiaid forin marb, LB 231 a 3 . a bhara fa gach aon aca bás dḟulang diaidh i ndhiaidh, TSh. 4.21 . san aois féin lé ngadtar bríogha an chuirp d. i nd. go gcuireann an bás fa ghréim fa dheóigh é, ib. 67. 7 . na ndeighḟer ndiongmála lás ro hernaidhmeadh í diaidh i ndiadh, AFM vi 2048. 15 . baí an tíarla ac dol i ndaoinib d. i nd. gaining more and more people to his side ib. vi 2082. 14 . ib. 2234. 15 . naoi ccéd bliadhain deóigh a ndeóigh, 3 C 13, 558. 1 . ib. 368. 15 .—In sp. l. superseded by diaid ar ndiaid or i nd. ar nd.: do cailleadh iad go léir i ndiaidh ar ndiaidh (or d. i. nd.), W.K. do thuiteadar go léir i nd. ar nd. na gcodladh, Éinín órdha 2. 7 . Syn. cenn i cenn, druim ar druim.

i ndiaidh a chinn, i nd. mo chinn, &c. A modern idiom = headlong : do thuit sé a ndiaidh a chinn, Tor. Dh. Oss. 87 n. 3 . an taos óg aibriosc do theilgean a ndiaidh a gcinn a mbealach a mbasgaidhthe, Donlevy xviii 25 . ag imtheacht i ndiaidh a chinn without thinking, without reflecting, W.K.—dochunnaic ar tús ar dorus ifirn croinntighi ┐ na pecthaid aga píanadh inntu ┐ drem díbh aga crochadh a ndiaidh a coss (hung by their feet) ┐ dream eile a ndiaidh a láṁ ┐ drem ele a ndiaidh a folt ┐ dream a ndiaidh a teangthadh ┐ drem ele [a n]diaidh a raigthidh, Lib. Flav. ii 38 vo b 15 . an tráth dochaithfinn an tsleagh...a ndiaidh a buna (sic leg.) is a hurloinn, Brooke and R. 268. 15 - 16 .

dul i nd. a láime, mod. idiom, to go to the bad Dinneen.

na dhiaidh sin is uile, mod. idiom (also Sc.), all the same: d'imthig sé ródhianach ach na dh. s. i. u. do bhuail an tiasc leis. Also na dheabha san is uile ; cf. Manx na ili, ny yeih nevertheless. Syn. marsin féin.—Cf. e ζ.

B Prep. governing the dative.

(e) fo deud, fo diud ; Mid.-Ir. fo deoid. Mod. : fé dheoig, fé dheoig sin, fé dheo'san (fé dheabha san, see d above), W.K. synon. fé deireadh.—Translates `in fine' Sg. 9 b 21 . quasi sterquilinium in fine perdetur : trascérthar fa deóid amal salchar, PH 6063 .

(α) at last, in the end, ultimately , subsequent to all else in occurrence (but ina diad subsequent to what immediately precedes). Often, as the final link in a series of events, introduced by ar thuus, and continued by iarum, iarsin, iartain, ina diaid, &c. Opp. ar thuus, hi tuus : roét som sochaidi hi tús róslá úad uli fo deoig, Mon. Tall. 135. 18 . ar tús...iartain...fa deo, Laws v 196. 13 . cael dóib ar thús in drochet lethan imurro fo deóid, FA §§ 22 , 23 . co gránna ar tús ┐ álaind fa deoid, RC xxiv 200. 18 . dot ṡroigled for tús...┐ dot chrochad fa deoid, PH 2851 . ar tús...fa deóid, ib. 2142 . MOD. ar dtúis (a dtúis)...fé dheoigh.— ní fuair ní do biud...fo diud acht lubai in talman, SR 1568 . fo diud, ib. 3087 . ructha fo diud...a triur i mBabilóin, Rawl. 46 a . crosfigild iarum fa deud, Mon. Tall. 138. 14 . a cétul uli fa deoid, ib. 140. 29 . is and dothuit fo deoid, Laws ii 124. 15 . is éicean dó in ferann dḟácbáil fo deoid, iii 130. 22 . a ferunn rena braighe a braighe fo deoigh last of all, ii 40. 7 f.b. v 172. 2 f.b. fo deoaid in degbuaid, Gorm. Febr. 24 . a natberi sin fo déoid what you said last TBC-LL¹ 1897 . loinges O. ┐ loinges L. ┐ loinges na hingine Ruaide fa dheoigh, Cog. 40. 16 . ScM. § 12 . silled ┐ comrád iarum tadall na tam iarsin in gním fén (adultery) fa deoid, PH 7809 . nonbéra fa deoid do aittreb na flatha nemda, ib. 5358 . ib. 4297 . 4201 . 1679 . 1916 . 2656 . 6651 . 7221 . toibéchar fair co díchondirclech fa deoid ó Dia, ib. 4113 . an cholann do chur i nuaim úrghránna...do dheanaṁ talṁan dí fa dheóigh, TSh. 32. 28 ; ib. 67. 8 ; 222. 13 . fa dheóigh damnughud síorruidhe, Donlevy 148. 24 . dofuair bás fá dheoidh a gc&rdot;ann na croiche, ib. 32. 24 ; 364. 5 . neaṁaithrighe fá dheoidh final impenitence, one of the sins against the Holy Ghost, ib. 176. 15 ; 180. 3 , 17 .

(β) at last, at length , in a weakened sense, sometimes interchanging with iarsin thereupon . Often hardly distinguishable from (α). rofaillsiged dano fó deóid do Adamnán &c. (v.l. iarsin LB) FA § 3 . fortamlaigid in leoman fo deoid (v.l. andsein) forsin triur aili, RC xxiv 174. 10 . rolen in cullach ┐ dorug air fo deoigh, ZCP vi 78. 24 . iarsin dodechudsa fa deoid cor ṡuides i fiadnaise in dúileman, MacCarthy 68. 12 . Mon. Tall. 153. 22 . CCC § 5 Eg. IT i 100. 19 . nocon ḟuaratar cinaid oc Ísu...fa deoid dodechatar ann dá ghuforglige, PH 3144 .

(γ) for the last time, of order: conid hé sin marb rotaithbeógad fo deoid i nÉirind the last dead man restored to life ZCP iii 36. 1 .

(δ) last, i.e. at the end, in the rear . praeposterans .i. aní ba buthi ar thuus do thochur fo diud, Ml. 29 a 8 . anas suthin immurgu ished rolaad fo deid, Wb. 13 d 9 ... ar thús...isin luc tánaisi...isin tres luc...fáth airic imorro fa deoid is placed last Laws i 26. 10 . mo chland do dul hi cath ┐ hi crích ría cách ┐ do bith fo deóid oc tuidecht essi, Expuls. 48 .

(ε) finally , indicating the last point or conclusion of a discourse, &c. ced ed tra fo deud. amal foruigensid do peccad fognid do fírinni, Wb. 3 b 28 . fá dheóig mo dhear -bhráithreacha bíghídhe láidir sa dTighearna, Ephesians vi 10 .

(ζ) mod. idiom fé dheoidh sin is uile, a strengthened fé dheoidh : bhí sé a bfaid na ṡeasaṁ suas ach thuit sé f. d. s. i. u. but at last he fell, W.K. Synon. fé dheireadh thiar thall. Cf. d μ.

(η) mod. air ndiaidh in what follows, below : na coinghill air a labhramuid air ndiaidh the conditions we are going to speak of Donlevy 332. 14 . isan miontṡaothar so ar nd., ib. x 1 f.b .—diaid ar nd., v. d μ.

(θ) mod. as diaidh : do snaidhmeadh sí le cúigear as diaidh a chéile she was married to five men in succession (W.K.).

III Cpds. dead-blegon o, n. Last milking , opp. cét-b. : a cétblegon i llestar for leith a ṅdeadblegon i llestar naile, RC xxv 28. 3 . LL 271 a 10 . dead-ḟlaith i, m. f. Last prince or ruler (cf. déden-rí): Cleopatra... deogflaith Greg, MacCarthy 302. 19 . deodhḟlaith cheneóil Duacháin, AFM iv 778. 4 . — Cf. ded-ḟlaithus BB 11 b 32 . MacCarthy 292 g . dedól, q.v. air-dead, air-diden, q.v. ? dāl de dālaib dedarbe 'one of the encounters at the final breach' Celtica xxi 201.22 .

MOD. see I k, II a, d, e, ζ, η, θ. Sc. déidh, deóidh, deodh (air dheodh otherwise, else ).

fo-gaib, fo-geib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-gaib, fo-geib or dil.ie/22696
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fagebtis, -fuar, fonduair, fagb-, fag-, gheibhther, gheibh, faghaim, faghaibh, fag, fagh, gheibhim, -fagbaim, -fágbaim, -fagaim, -faghaim, gheibhir, -faghair, -fogbái, fogaib, fogeib, dogeib, dogheibh, -fogaib, -fagaib, -faghann, fogabum, dogabmait, dogheibhmíd, -faghmaoid, fogabat, baghabhat, dogabat, dogebid, do-geibhit, do-gheibhid, -fagbat, -faghait, -faghaid, gheibhinn, -fuighinn, do-gheibheadh, -facchbad, dogheibhmis, fogeibtis, do-gheibhdis, -faghbadais, -faghdais, fogabur, fogabar, -fagbur, -fagar, fogaba, bhagaba, -fagba, -faghbha, -fagha, -fagbat, -fogbat, -fagbat, fogabaind, -fagbaind, -aghbhoinn, -faghthá, fogabad, -fagbad, -faghbhadh, -faghadh, -fagbaimis, -agbaitis, fogéb, dogébh, doghiab, -fugéb, baigiub, fogebai, fogéba, dageba, ghébha, do-ghéabhair, doghiabha, doghiabhair, -faigeba, -fuigbe, -foigbe, -i, fuidbe, faigbe, -fuigir, bhfuighir, -fuighbhir, fogéba, doghébha, do-ghéabha, do-ghéabhaidh, -foighe, -fuighe, -fuighbhe, ghébham, -foigheam, -foighbheam, fogébthaidh, fogebthai, do-ghéabhthaoi, -fuighthi, fogebat, -faigbet, -fuigbet, -faigbind, -fuiginn, -fogebtha, -ḟuigbithea, -eá, fogebad, fogebed, fogébed, dogebad, do-ghéabhadh, -fuighbheadh, -fugebmaís, -fagbaimis, -faigbimis, -foigebtais, -fugebtaís, núarsa, fuar, uair, fofuáir, fofuair, foruair, fuair, uair, fuair, -fuaramar, -ḟúaram, -fuarabhair, fofúaratár, úaratar, fuaradar, -fuaradar, foḟuarus, fuarus, fuaras, fuarus, -fuaras, -ḟuaross, fofuarais, fuarais, -fuarais, fuairsem, -fuairsed, fogaibset, fogabar, do-geibhthear, -fogabar, -fogbaither, -agabar, -aghaibhthir, -faghthar, -faghthair, -foghthor, -oghthair, -faghuir, foghair, -aghair, -fogbaiter, faghar, aghar, do-geibhthi, -fogbaithe, -fagtai, -fagthar, -foghar, -aghar, -oghair, -faghthair, fogebthar, fugebthar, do-ghéabhthar, -fuigebthar, -fuighthear, -faigbistar, fuigbestar, -foigfide, fríth, fofrith, foríth, forríth, forrith, frith, -fríth, frith, fríoth, frith, frith, rofrithe, fofrítha, -fritha

v The only instances in the O.Ir. Glosses are: sec. fut. pl. 3 (with inf.) fagebtis, Wb. 8a14 . pret. s. 1 -fuar, Ml. 57d3 . 3 (with inf.) fonduair, Sg. 144b3 . In the later lang. fo in the deut. forms is gradually replaced by do; in prot. forms fagb- is frequently reduced to fag-, forms without initial f- are not uncommon and are recognized by the mediaeval grammarians. See IGT, Verbs § 22 .

Early Mod. instances of omission of preverb are: mar gheibhther , Parrth. Anma 40.18 . gheibh, Corp. Astron. 86 .

Forms occurring after the period of the Glosses: ipv. 1 s. faghaim, TD 22a20 . 2 faghaibh, Dán Dé xii 27 . fag, ZCP vi 88.8 . fagh, Luc. Fid. 276.4 . ind. pres. 1 s. do gheibhim , Luc. Fid. 71.18 . -fagbaim, CCath. 4286 . -fágbaim, PH 2696 -fagaim, LL 175a26 . -faghaim, TD 22a10 . Luc. Fid. 326.9 . 2 do gheibhir , Luc. Fid. 325.9 . -faghair, 325y . -fogbái (torbai), Thes. ii 296.6 . 3 fogaib, Laws iv 194.20 ( SM Facs., 16a ), etc. fogeib, LU 2126 , 2138 . Mon. Tall. 72 . PH 7080 . dogeib, PH 7814 . Maund. 149 . dogheibh, Ó Héodhusa 44 . TD 29.5 . TSh. 790 . 3605 . -fogaib, LU 8632 . -fagaib PH 7992 . Ériu iv 214 § 12 . -faghann, Maund. 263 . TD 16. 1 . 22a4 . Ó Héodhusa 122 . TSh. 1212 . 3645 . 1 pl. fogabum. PH 6120 . dogabmait, 2887 . dogheibhmíd, Ó Héodhusa 111 . TSh. 48 . -faghmaoid, Ó Héodhusa 111 . 3 fogabat, LU 1852 (H = foga-baid, YBL 6a32 ). LU 4732 . baghabhat, BB 322b7 . dogabat, PH 3573 . dogebid, Maund. 263 . do-geibhit, Fl. Earls 52.5 . do-gheibhid, TSh. 511 . 3612 . -fagbat, LU 2229 . -faghait, Fl. Earls 88.20 . -faghaid, TD 16.8 . TSh. 323 . imperf. 1 s. do gheibhinn TD 14.17 . -fuighinn (-faghuinn v.l.) TD 15.12 . 3 do-gheibheadh, TSh. 640 . -facchbad, CCath. 3993 v.l. pl. 1 dogheibhmis, TD 14.17 v.l. 3 fogeibtis, SR 4632 . do-gheibhdis, Keat. ii 234 . -faghbadais, CCath. 2153 . -faghdais 2520 . subj. pres. 1 s. fogabur, PH 617 . fogabar, 403 . -fagbur, CCath. 3341 . Ann. Conn. 1244 § 5 . -fagar, TBC-LL¹ 4448 St. -fagur, Celtica xiii 19.203 . 3 fogaba (= inveniat p. 430 ) PH 5011 . bhagaba, TTebe 4543 . -fagba, SR 2551 . LU 2609 . -faghbha (-fogba v.l.), CCath. 1695 . -fagha, Maund. 263 . Ó Héodhusa 70 . TD 16. 24 . (fuighe v.l.); 24.1 . pl. 3 -fagbat, PH 4193 , -fogbat -fagbat, CCath. 1696 v.l. (-faghbhuid text). subj. past 1 s. fogabaind, CCath. 2725 . -fagbaind, TBC-LL¹ 1173 . -aghbhoinn TD 14.15 . 2 -faghthá, TD 22a9 . 3 fogabad, CCath. 1089 . -fagbad, SR 2567 . 2583 . -faghbhadh, Lism. L. 3040 . -faghadh, Maund. 262 . TSh. 8520 ( -fuighbheadh, 7094 , sec. fut. in form). 1 pl. -fagbaimis, BDD 48 Y (cf. sec. fut.). 3 -agbaitis, LL 153b13 . fut. 1 s. fogéb, PH 2430 . dogébh, Imr. Brain i 60.6 . doghiab, CF 469 . -fugéb, LL 123b25 . in baigiub , Cog. 172.9 . 2 fogebai, LU 11015 . fogéba, LU 208 . TBC-LL¹ 106 . dageba, Cog. 172.10 . do ghébha , Ó Héodhusa 8 . do-ghéabhair, Keat. ii 4513 . doghiabha, CF 118 . doghiabhair, 323 . -faigeba, LU 3912 . -fuigbe, LL 328 f 30 . -foigbe (fuigbe, -i, fuidbe, faigbe, foibe v.l.), Fél. Ep. 147 . -fuigir ZCP vi 286.25 . ní bhfuighir , TSh. 3253 . -fuighbhir, Keat. ii 4501 . 3 fogéba, LU 2029 . doghébha, Ó Héodhusa 46 . do-ghéabha, TD 20.49 . do-ghéabhaidh, TSh. 1376 . -foighe TD 27.19 . -fuighe, Ó Héodhusa 82 . -fuighbhe, TSh. 342 . pl. 1 do ghébham , Ó Héodhusa 10 ; 97 . -foigheam 14 ; 89 . TD 13.29 . -foighbheam, TD 13.29 . 2 fogébthaidh, Anecd. iii 69.20 . fogebthai, YBL 87b17 ( RC xxvi 138 ). do-ghéabhthaoi, TSh. 1950 . -fuighthi, TD 9.56i 3 fogebat, CCath. 1702 v.l. (dogebhait, text). -faigbet LU 2406 . PH 4343 . -fuigbet, 3640 . sec. fut. 1 s. -faigbind TBC-LL¹ 1728 (-fuiginn St). -fuiginn, ZCP vi 286.21 . 2 -fogebtha SR 1563 = -ḟuigbithea, LB 112a35 . (?) -foighthéa (leg. -eá) Ó Héodhusa 112 . 3 fogebad (sic leg.) SR 1131 . fogebed LU 1788 . fogébed, 1817 . dogebad, Ann. Conn. 1282 § 7 do-ghéabhadh, TSh. 3603 . -fuighbheadh, TSh. 503 . pl. 1 -fugebmaís, LU 6890 ( BDD 48 = -fagbaimis Y, -faigbimis D). 3 -foigebtais, SR 5563 . -fugebtaís, LU 2229 .

pret. and perf.

(1 ) 1 sg. fó núarsa (rel.) LU 6024 . fuar (in reply) TBC-LL¹ 1770 . 3 s. fo uair , LL 288a9 . fofuáir, SR 3091 . fofuair, Fél. Nov. 7 . foruair, LL 183b5 . for fuair , LB 132a12 . do uair , RC xxiv 202 § 19 . fuair, Ó Héodhusa 7 ; 122 . TSh. 563 . 1 pl. -fuaramar ni, YBL 110b33 = -ḟúaram ni, LL 260b16 . 2 -fuarabhair, TD 9. 56 . 3 fofúaratár, LU 10579 . fó úaratar , Trip. 2.5 . fuaradar, Ó Héodhusa 74 . -fuaradar, TSh. 1193 .

(2 ) 1 sg. foḟuarus, LL 198b24 . fuarus ib. 28 . fuaras, TD 11.14 ; 14.20 . na (= a n-) fuarus , SR 1758 . -fuaras, TD 14.10 . -ḟuaross, TBC-LL¹ 3674 . 2 fofuarais, SR 1751 . fuarais (rel.), TSh. 7111 . -fuarais, TBC-LL¹ 1770 . 1 pl. fuairsem, Ó Héodhusa 8 . 3 -fuairsed, Ó Héodhusa 3z .

(3 ) 3 pl. fogaibset LU 1792 .

Pass. pres. s. fogabar, LU 426 . PH 7168 . do-geibhthear, TD 13.8 . TSh. 2764 . -fogabar, ZCP viii 303.27 . Laws iv 194.19 ( SM Facs. 15a ); -fogbaither, ib. seems a miswriting of the pl.). -agabar, Laws iii 90.1 . -aghaibhthir, TD 22a55 . -faghthar, TSh. 2152 . -faghthair, TD 10.10 . -foghthor, 29.14 . -oghthair, 10.3 . -faghuir, 7.3 . foghair, 17.8 . -aghair, 28.38 . pl. -fogbaiter, Laws iv 194.22 ( SM Facs. 15a ). imperat. s. faghar, TD 25.16 . aghar, Dán Dé iii 8 . imperf. s. do-geibhthi, TD 14.13 . -fogbaithe, LU 9055 . -fagtai, Maund. 262 . pres. subj. s. -fagthar, LU 6155 (H). -fagaither, TBC-LL¹ 4448 . -foghar, TD 10.23 . -aghar, 17.3 . -oghair, 15.47 . -faghthair, 10.13 . fut. s. fogebthar, fugebthar, LU 10989 . do-ghéabhthar, TSh. 3423 . -fuigebthar, ZCP xi 83 § 31 . TBC-I¹ 2779 . -fuighthear, TD 9. 7 . -faigbistar, LU 8445 ( FB 30 = fuigbestar, Eg) is apparently an isolated form (`a barbarous mixture of the s and the b futures' Strachan, ZCP iii 479 ). sec. fut. s. -foigfide, Cáin Ad. 8 . pret. and perf. s. fo fríth , Hy v 79 . fofrith, LU 10722 . Fél. Feb. 25 . Ann. Conn. 1235 § 8 . foríth, LL 277b21 . forríth, 150a29 . forrith, AFM 123 . frith, LU 183 . -fríth, Hy v 29 . Ann. Conn. 1235 § 8 . frith, AU 1014 . Fl. Earls 88 . fríoth, Ó Héodhusa 122 . do frith (v.l. frith), IT iii 193.15 . rofrithe, Luc. Fid. 382.9 . pl. fofrítha, Metr. Dinds. iii 284.97 . -fritha, Anecd. ii 4.15 .

In general sense finds, gets , hence

(a) finds, meets with, discovers (in a place): feib fonduáir som la auctoru , Sg. 144b3 . fofuair ann fer, SR 3091 . dia mbé nech occá sirfégad imme ... fogéba do cech leth aci agid, LU 2029 . dobert a laimh dar a einech. fogeib teora boulga for a aghaidh, Corm. Y p. 59 . nech bad chalmu ... cosindiu nocon ḟuaross TBC-LL¹ 3674 . cia airm i faigbind in Coin Culaind?, 1728 (a bfuiginn St). ní fúaram-ni ... mnai do dingbala-so cosindiu IT i 74.11 . is annsin fuarustair ... Ruadhán fora cind BNnÉ 322 § 31 . fofrith (forrith v.l.) cenn Póil ... hi féil ind ḟir ..., Fél. Feb. 25 . snechta do nā frith samail re hed cian, Ann. Conn. 1318 § 11 . an cétna long ... fúair Hérinn `the first ship which reached Ireland.' Ériu iv 158 § 35 . ceathracha trath ... fofrith Ere ria ndílind was discovered Leb. Gab.(i) i 16 . do cech anmanda ... fogébad for talmain, Ériu ii 134 § 113 . a faigbed do lindib forsin bhith, § 114 . is edh forfuaradar ina lebraibh, RC x 186.3 . mar frithi a lebraib lindi, Metr. Dinds. iii 346 . do réir ṡeanrolla fríoth i nOxford, Keat. iii 2575 . a llotár dano ond insi sin fúaratár insi máir LU 1767 . fogaibset insi n-aili, 1792 . iar bhfácbháil na ndithrub sin dogabar crích forlethan `you come to' Marco P. 21 . coicc primroid Erenn ..., ní fritha gusanocht, Anecd. ii 4.15 . a n-oidhce geine Cuinn forrith cóicc phríomhróid go Teamhraigh, AFM 123 . mar gheibhther ag Lucas ... san seisedh caibidiol, Parrth. Anma 40.18 . gur cuireadh ...i meidh an mheasruighthe, go bhfríoth ní budh lugha ioná an chóir aige was weighed in the balance and found wanting TSh. 3635 . (cf. 3181 cited below (b)). Cath ... do na frith inntsamail a battle of which no like has been found AU 1014 . bodith ... dona frith samail riam, Ann. Conn. 1321 § 5 . With vn. phrase or dependent clause as obj.: co na fuair cair nā peccad do dénum do Ísu, PH 2718 . Fertán C. cia rochlaid in fagbaid nó in fetabair? can you find out? Metr. Dinds. iii 8 . In later lang. DOGHEIBH AMACH = discovers: no gur fritheadh an sgribhneoireacht ... amach until writing was invented Luc. Fid. 256 . ar na daoinibh gheibh neithe nuadha amach, Corp. Astron. 86 .

(b) with adj. or other compl. of pred. finds (in a certain condition): mongenar anmain fogabar co glan dia stiurad on M. sin that is found pure PH 7168 . go fagtai na fir marbh arnamairech, Maund. 262 . nach faghair sibh seasmhach that you are not found constant Content. xxii 12 . See also feb. fríoth Naoi 'na fhíréan 'na shíl-treabhaibh féin = Noe vir iustus in generationibus suis TSh. 3181 . do fríth easbhuidheach thú, Dan. v 27 (cf. 3635 cited above (a)) ní frith sinne ... commbuidech riam we have never been equally satisfied BColm. 20.19 . dogeibhit na doirrsi foriadhta ar a gcionn, Fl. Earls 52.5 . munab i leacaibh cloch fuairsiod scríobhth iad, Keat. i p. 146 . cionnus do-geibhthear ort an lucht tuillimh ... do bhíodh agat ? what is the disposition of thy hired servants towards thee ? TSh. 4230 (corresp. to: cionnus atáid duit ... ?, 4241 ).

(c) gets, gains, obtains, procures (with Ó, A of source): int áenmacc ríg ... is mō fuair ┐ tuc amach who got and gave away most ZCP viii 111.13 . in tan na fádbait a mbiad, PH 7476 . nem fuair an t-anc(h)ara ... ar a thir got heaven in exchange for ACL iii 307 § 25 . a n-as ail duid dogeba on choimdi, YBL 167a2 . fogeb trocaire treimit he obtains mercy BColm. 78.23 . is gerr co fuigir furtacht, ZCP vi 286.25 . as meisi dúil as anṡádhaile ... dogheibh a betha isin domun that lives BS § 70 . ionnus go ffaghdais a mbethaidh that they might get their sustenance BNnÉ 320 § 20 . no (= do] geibhdís betha gan feidm ndaonda léo acht ... got their livelihood without any human exertion save ... ib. doghebhaitt na hálaidh sin furtacht, 297y . braighe gill as a ffuighbithe eich ┐ airgheadha for whose ransom horses and herds would have been got AFM v 1788.26 . gach aon ... do geip mar chuiss impidhe ... gan bass fiadhnach ... d'faghail `who obtains as an act of grace ... that he shall not suffer death in public' Fl. Earls 70.27 . na hindmasa doberam-ne ... ni huain fogabum iat, PH 6120 . is í comhairle do-gheibheadh ón marbh, TSh. 640 . an teagasg rofrithe ona habsdoluibh, Luc. Fid. 382.9 . With DO of pers. (= dat. of advantage): fag-sa airm ... ┐ eideth dam !, ZCP vi 88.8 . fagh dhamh ... san sgrioptur na briathra so !, Luc. Fid. 276.4 . do-uair Niall ... rigi coidchi da cheneol, RC xxiv 202 § 19 . cearc ... fhuair clú d'fhine Fhearghosa that won fame for Studies 1921, 257 .

(d) gets, induces (some one to do something) causes (something to be done) (with Ó or FOR of pers.): faghaibh gan é d'aithfear, Dán Dé xii 27 . do ráidh an rí ré cách dul ... is ní bhfuair ó neach dul ann he got no one to go Keat. iii 2591 (= ni fuair ó neoch, Cóir Anm. 125 ). fuaradar ó Phádraig an dara heaglais ... do dhéanamh i Leith Mogha they were permitted by P. to build Keat. iii 312 . ni fuigebthar foro tuidecht they will not be prevailed on to come TBC-I¹ 2779 .

(e) freq. with abstr. or semi-abstr. obj. meets with, experiences, undergoes: fofuarais mór do duilgi, SR 1751 . cech pian fogéb ar ainm ṅDé, PH 2427 . mar do ḟuair a chalann crád, Ériu iv 112 § 5 . ar eccla co fuidedh se pían, Maund. 149 . do badh ḟearr lais co faghbhadh cath he would rather have had to fight Lism. L. 3040 . fuaratar troid thenn ... o Gheraltachaibh, AFM vi 2118. 3 . gach ní ... fá bhfuighinn guais which might be perilous to me Dán Dé ix 6 . gurab léir dhó ... nach fuighbbe sochar ná socamhal, TSh. 1133 . frith saothar dermhair ag tabairt an eich ... aníoss, Fl. Earls 88 . na daoine ... dogheibh togbháil suas bharbardha, Ó Héodhusa 76w . conna fuaratar ... aidchi ṅdunaid ... bad mó dód ... dóib never spent a worse night TBC-LL¹ 631 . an t-ech fós, nach faghaibh sbuir do cur uirri who never feels the spur Ériu iv 214.12 . f.¤ bás dies: fogeib in rí bás, Mon. Tall. § 72 . co fúigbe bás croiche, PH 2429 . mas ann do cinded damh-sa bás d'fághbhail, dogébh if it is there I am fated to die, there I shall die Imr. Brain i 60.6 . is truag dham nach eg do fhuarus, Aen. 2602 . foruair macc D. a aidid, LL 183b5 ( Arch. Hib. ii 63 ). co faghdis a n-oidedha ... le cláraibh ... ac rotuitim forra, CCath. 2010 . cen co fagbat ... a n-airlech isin cath though they be not slain in the battle 4275 . faghbhadh ... bas ┐ aidhedh libh let ... be slain by you RC xliii 34z .

With concrete obj. in fig. sense: la macc Rossa frith a lecht his death came about RC xxiii 308 . Cf. fríoth a n-árach `their deaths were brought about' GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 169 . fríth ilach dó ... i cath birach B., LL 184b45 ( Arch. Hib. ii 83 ).

Often folld. by vn. with poss. refl. pron. (cf. similar use of Welsh cael): nuchun ḟaigbe th'imṡnádud thou shalt not be protected Ériu i 128 . Simon ... fuair a chrochad hi Parthib iii 196 § 12 . ni fhuidhitís a sásadh they would never be satisfied RC xxiv 379w . ó nach fuair a múnadh, since it has never been instructed Dán Dé xix 8 ( YBL 393b18 ). fuair a hurgnamh ... ┐ a fobairt it had been prepared ... and annealed (of a hauberk) CCath. 5215 .

(f) gets (an opportunity of doing), is able (usually with vn. obj.; cf. c, d). conna faghbhadh bheith 'na ecmais could not do without him Lism. L. 1483 . ní ḟuair grádh ná eagla t'ḟos neither love nor fear could restrain you Content. viii 9 . ni faigebhdais scor a n-ech la feraibh Midhe, min dicuirte Mocuda they would not have been allowed to unyoke their horses BNnÉ 303 § 14 . With obj. joined to vn. by DO: dús in fagbaind mo lāma do ḟuligud ... indiu to see if I might redden my hands TBC-LL¹ 1173 . arna fagbatis fini F. iat do fogail so that the tribe of F. should not be able to injure them Lec. [24]a15 ( ZCP x 165 ). mar fuaradar Dál Riada Scotia do thabhairt ar Albain `when the D. R. were permitted to call [A.] Scotia' Keat. ii 5816 . ó nach fuair féin a haigneadh do chalochlódh since he was unable to alter her intention Keat. ii 3039 . For F.¤ ÁRACH, FAILL X (FOR X), see these nouns. Cf. also: ar an gcóir fríoth folmhughadh, PBocht 19 § 9 . With advb. MAITH: atbeiredh cách nár bó maith fríth an marbhadh sin that that slaying was unjustified AFM v 1790.17 . maith fuarais mise do ghoin ... óir is mé do mharbh th'athair, Keat. ii 4508 . maith do-ghéabhdaois clann Ch. ... aonduine ortha d'oirdneadh, TD 9.44 . bith nar uo romhaith fuair in giustiss in basugadh sin re a denomh (= though the justice had no very plausible pretext for that execution), Fl. Earls 60.5 . Cf. bíodh a dheimhin aguibh do nós choguidh na hErenn gur go maith do fuarus misi rem ghabháil `that I esteemed myself to be well off in that I was taken captive' O'Gr. Cat. 57 .

(g) With expressions of time gets = spends, lives (through): dogheibhdís na daoine ré ḟada fán am soin used to live long Keat. ii 234 . ben fuair an saoghal go sona who had spent her life happily AFM v 1692.4 . In the type: Fergal fuair raithi co rath; ... nocon fuair acht oenbliadain, Rawl. 164a41 = Arch. Hib. ii 85 ( LL 185a37 ). the notion is of a period of kingship etc. and it belongs rather to (c).

(h) invents, devises: in sluag dolbtha frith ... la Fotlai BB 377a6 (= RC xv 446 ). conidh edh airecc fuairset, cuibhrighi do chur fair, BNnÉ 296 § 30 . gibé freagra fuaras daoibh, Content. ix 24 .

(i) With I N- and refl. pron. `finds in oneself,' dares, presumes (late): cionnas do gheibhim ionnam féin dul ... ? Luc. Fid. 71. 18 . ní fhuair duine ... ann féin aifrionn ... do rádh, Mac Aingil 113. 18 (= neque aliquis ... missas facere ... praesumebat Beda v 14 ). go bhfuaradar ... ionnta féin éirghe amach i n-aghaidh a dtighearna, Maguires of F. § 25 .

In: nach misi rodusfuighbhe ... duib ī, ZCP viii 547.2 (= ni mé adféta dúib, TBC-LL¹ 1764 ). nach badh eisin radus fuighbhedh duibh ī ib. ZCP viii 547.15 (= dosféta, TBC-LL¹ 1773 ), the modern redactor has replaced adféta by a form beginning with f which gives approximate sense: will find (the information) for you. The sense imparts, communicates is not supported by other examples.

fúasclad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fúasclad or dil.ie/24685
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fúasglad, fúasgalad, -alta, -ailti, fúasgladh, -aidh, -alta, -adh, -altadh

n u, o, m. (vn. of fúasclaid) fúasglad, fúasgalad (g s. -alta. -ailti) IGT, Verbs § 50 . fúasgladh (g s., n p. -aidh, -alta, g p. -adh, -altadh), Decl. § 106 .

(a) loosening, opening: glas ... nach urusa d'ḟuasguladh, DDána 76.2 ( Aithd. D. p. 48 ).

(b) releasing, redeeming; redemption, ransom (sum paid): dul do gabail na cimedh no da fuasgaladh, Laws i 298.18 . luid d'fuascalad chimedh[a], Lism. L. 1520 . bráighe nach foighbhe a fuasgladh (of one who has died), DDána 77.6 ( Aithd. D. p. 52 ). tar éis fuasgailte an ghill 'redeeming', TD 22.12 . an tan do haincidhe laoch ... leó ní do thrócaire acht do ṡainnt re fuascladh d'ḟagháil asta, Keat. iii 3236 . do léicc na braighde uadha do M. gan fuasccladh BNnÉ 225 § 124 . no go bfaghdís a mbreith fen d' ḟúasgladh as, Ériu v 92.16 . go ttardsat an tIarla ass ... gan fuasccladh uadhaibh dia chionn, AFM vi 2172z . do chenn an fhuasglaidh do thabairt uadh, L. Chl. S. § 40 . Theol.: ar bhfúasgladh `our redemption' Aithd. D. 84.11 . crann gá bhfoil ar bhfuasgoladh (i.e. The Cross), DDána 23.14 . an dream bhíos i bpurgadóir, go mbíd i n-áirithe a bhfuasgailte, TSh. 4465 . do thabhairt fhuasgalta d'anam an mhairbh, 5064 .

(c) solving (a problem); answering (a question): fuasgladh na gceasd, TD 25.40 (here a complimentary epithet). conadh é sin fúaisgleadh na ceasda ro chuiris oram, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 133.26. go dtiubhradh fuasgladh ar a cheist dó, TSh. 3584 .

See fúasclugad and fúaslucad.

1 fulacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fulacht or dil.ie/24930

Forms: -aicht, -achta

n u, m. (cf. fulacht m. g s. -aicht and -achta, given under decl. of beandacht, but proscribed as a faulty form, IGT, Decl. § 25 ). The original sense is uncertain ; recess, cavity (?) ; cf. caide i nduine aitreibh an ghotha ? .i. i bfulachtaibh taoibh ┐ tromchridhe, Ériu xiii 36.5 . 24 . ceithre huide [an ghotha] .i. a f.¤ go druim, a druim go bruinne, a bruinne go braighe, a braighe go beola, 36 . im-foilge guth i bfulachtaibh taoibh, 37.21 (= i bfolachtaibh toib, O'Dav. 1094 ).

Freq. in the meaning cooking-pit, fireplace (usually out of doors, in a wood), hence also the act of cooking, esp. roasting or baking: co n-accai in fer ocond ḟulucht i mmedón ind feda ... oc funi in tuircc, LU 4948 . o ro ṡernad Noísi ... fulocht for feda fianchlar | millsiu cach biud ... | araralad mac U., LL 261a25 ( LMU 17 ). (in list of common rights in a territory :) f.¤ cacha chaille .i. in ni ara ndentar f.¤ isin caill .i. ind[i]uin (see indeóin), Laws v 482.26 (484.12) . ag ... for fulucht ... ag ... inbruithe `a calf ... to be roasted ... a calf ... to be boiled ii 252y ( SM Facs. 31a , ZCP xiv 355 ). triar oc dénam fulochta (in an `imda') LU 7658 ( BDD 123 ). (in an encampment :) do hordaigheadh aca ... a bhfeasa ┐ a bhfulachta `their feasts and their cookings' ML 76.13 (1079) . fianbotha folachta, Cog. 60. 10 . dogniat ... fianbotha f.¤ ┐ feolchombach, Hugh Roe 132.11 (f.35b) . eoin a doiribh ... | rosoichtís f.¤ Fénne, Acall. 732 . ainm in chiuil dignitis na fianae um an bf.¤ fiansae, Corm. Y 562 . saigid folachtai co tinntud uad dot tig (a journey permitted on Sunday) LB 204b40 = s. foluchta, Anecd. iii 22 . ce atagtha for fulochtu iarum conusnesta ina carnu `on cooking-hearths' Ériu ii 122 § 63 . cf. um Dheirg ... dar cheird ... falocht i bhfinnḟeadhaibh, DDána 83.21 . i fianboith folachtae i ccuas cairrgi (where the outlawed Earl of Desmond was captured in 1583) AFM v 1794.1 . cf. féarbhoth [fian-, Atk.] fhulachta ` cooking-booth ' TSh. 5946 (disparaging simile of the world). folach fiann .i. both folachta, Laws i 206.4 Comm. `inadh fulachta so', ar F., `┐ is cian o dorindedh'. `Is fír, ar C., `┐ f.¤ na Morrighna so, ┐ ní déntá gan uisci', Lism. L. xliii . fulacht na Morrigna in so .i. blogh di feoil huim ┐ araili di ḟeoil ḟonaithi ┐ mir n-immi irse ┐ ni legad a n-im ┐ ba fonaithi a n-om ┐ ni ba loiscthi an bruithi ┐ moale nobitis a triur for in mbir, YBL 419a12 . Cf Fulacht na Morrigna and so .i. crand a roth ┐ crand a mol edtir teine ┐ uisci ┐ iarand a corp ┐ da nai rethlen as an moil sin, etc. Celt. Rev. viii 74 . cf. also Triads 120 . isind crand fulucht fianachta `the appropriated tree' Laws i 206.12 Comm. (referring to : im crand ngabala bis i ndithrib, 202.2 ; leg. crand-fulacht or crand fulachta ?). oc fulucht draidechtae brewing magic potions RC xii 100 § 133 . dē en foulachtae the fumes of the concoction, ib. bidh e an t-ionadh ainglidhe | a mbia fian bān i foluc[h]t, BNnÉ 193 § 13 .

By extension, the contents of the pit, food cooked: ba do gessib Con C. cen adall fulachta dia chaithim, LL 120a 14 . dia mbad ḟulocht mór nobeth and ib. 18 . co mbert a f.¤ n-uadaib carried off the food they had cooked RC xxv 344.3 . ba ferr folacht Formáoile | tri cháoga damh ... um cháoga muc, Duan. F. i 15.11 . ollamh re fagháil fulachta (= praeparatis ad escam) TSh. 7996 .

In later times certain spots were popularly called fulachta Fian (na bhF.) : do bhíodh do mhéid na dteinnte-se go bhfuilid a láithreacha dubhloiscthe i mórán d'áitibh i nÉirinn aniú ┐ is diobh ghairmid na criadhaireadha Fulacht Fian, Keat. ii 5113 .

The phrase FOR F.¤ camping ; in hiding is perhaps another extension : Ri dochoid fecht for folocht | ... diaro chind Iudas in mbrath | dia mbui i nGlind Iosofath, SR 7737 (hardly a ref. to the Last Supper, as suggested Duan. F. iii . More probably to Gethsemane). But a commoner word for this is folachta, q.v.

gell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gell or dil.ie/25584

Forms: ngell, gell, gell

n o, n., later m. IGT Decl. § 65 , as a regular o-stem `when not a verbal noun'; § 95 when used as a vn. n s. a ngell , Ml. 27a6 . gell n-uathbais (sic leg.), Laws iv 268.25 . n p. inna gell , Ml. 58d8 .

(a) a pledge, a surety . In Laws specifically of the pledge of some valuable personal belonging, given as earnest of payment from debtor to creditor who fasts on him. See Thurn. ZCP xv 266 - 7 . gl. pignus, Ml. 23d16 . inna gell (gl. pignera), 58d8 . [do]rrat gell, Wb. 14c38 . gell glaine, Fél.² July 6 . tairr lind di ghiull di inchaib Connacht as a pledge of the honour of C., TBC-I¹ 1243 . ruc in claideb dam do giull dom anmain as a pledge for (i.e. for the sake of) my life, LL 251a23 ( TBFr. 300 ). rugsat braighde fomda leo i ngill re cíos as security for ..., TFrag. 158.1 . cislir ata corai do righ do giull for a tuatha? A tri ... g.¤ sloghad, g.¤ rechtge, g.¤ cairddi `How many things is it proper for a king to bind by pledge on his "tuatha"?', Laws iv 332.20 ; 334.7 . fer gill a pledged man, 338.10 . eneclund a marbadh a gill, i 76.16 Comm. atait secht ngealla la Feine, v 186.1 . gill easbaidh idle pledges, 13 Comm. an geall dobera duine re fiachaib, O'Curry 303 ( H 3.18, 166 ). ni gabar raith do raith ... no geall do gill, O'D. 711 ( H 3.17, c.519 ). gell do bas a pledge to death, Laws v 220.13 . gl. .i. gell de um a fuaslucad o bas ... .i. is he rath tuc do, a fuaslucadh o bas .i. o croich, 30 - 32 . Cf. 206.19 . iii 10.22 ; 66.20 ; and for explanation of phrase, see Thurn. ZCP xv 323 . tucadh Dorn ... i ngell re cin a mic, Laws i 70.21 . na druinge bhíos i ngioll ré díol na bhfiach bhíos orra, TSh. 4452 . See 5001 . muire icna bít géill ingill | isé in lind i coire toll `the king who has not hostages in keeping, Ériu ix 45 § 3 . do bhadar Gaoidhil 'na gioll, Irish Texts i i 105.1 . rogab ... ríghe nÉrenn ... ┐ fuair a ngelli iarum took pledges from them, ZCP xiii 196.12 . geall caeca mogadh tar muir | atá d'ór ana borduibh (`the ransom of' ... O'Gr.), Acall. 1992 . na seacht laigh le raibhe C. ... i ngioll `under bond,' BNnÉ 115.4 . biaid t'animm in-a gill `responsible for it,' PH 7451 . Cf. 7391 . ní taobhtha rú a ngáol i ngioll `as a prisoner,' Ériu ix 167 § 36 . tá sé a n-ifreann a ngeall `in bondage,' Oss. iv 10.15 . A bhean ... | do bhí agam riamh i ngioll who wert ever pledged to me, Dánta Gr. xxx 6 . taoíseach ... nach bíodh file fana laimh | ar gheall Ch. mhic R. pledged for by C. Duan. F. ii 282 § 120 . do ghabhail gill creche, AFM iii 572.16 . braighe gill `a hostage for ransom,' v 1788.26 . an budh geall re hoireachus damhsa sibh? `... a pledge for supremacy ...,' ML 106.11 . a gcosnamh gill (epithet of Mac Sweeney) `the defender of their pledge,' TD 25.38 . beantar dhíom i bhfiachoibh cáigh | dá gheall nó trí, 22.10 ; 13.19 . go léine ghiorr nár gheall buinn ... `not worth (lit. not security for) a groat,' 44.10 . glac geall uadh, Proverbs xx 16 . In leg. documents used of a pledge or mortgage deposited; a return for the use of lands. See Trans. RIA xv 15 seq . (Ant.); PRIA vii 248 ; TD ii 262 . fearonn a ngioll mortgaged land, Misc. Ir. Arch. Soc. i 190.12 . thug sé geall air in dá fhearaonn so he gave a mortgage on ..., O'Gr. Cat. 155.10. Passing into sense of promise: fa mor ngill `it was a great promise,' BNnÉ 283.1 . aird-gella, TBC-LL¹ 2385 . As quasi vn.: A-tú (atá MS) riamh ... ag geall d'Iosa 'ma éan-duain ... a gheall dhó is gan a dhéanamh `I am ever promising Jesus a poem,' Dán Dé xxv 2 . cith a ló gríanach gá gheall, IGT Decl. ex. 1662.

(b) a stake, a wager: `An imérum fichell?' ol Midir, `Ní imérum,' ol Eochaid `acht do ghill,', ZCP v 526.6 . In n-imberam fidchill, for Midir. Cid gell bias and ... Gell adcobra cechtar dá lína the stake which either of the two parties desires, LU 10834 . muna imre fi[th]chill rum-sa (ar) gealltaibh, Ériu iii 162 § 15 . ag cur geill as ar gconaibh betting on our hounds, Oss. vi 140.18 . ní faigter gille ag geall tresa to challenge combat, O'Gr. Cat. 472.22. Fig. palm, supremacy, excellence, prize: gell ar dénam cá dreich nduind the palm for shapeliness to ..., Hy Fiach. 294.9 . geall ón rós ag grís a ghrúadh the glow of his cheek excels the rose, Rel. Celt. ii 303.5 . nir tarraidh in talamh te | cú ga mbiadh geall Gaillfheithe, Duan. F. i 15.16 . geall Eireann ag Ulltachaibh, Content. xxx 30 . g s. used attrib. praiseworthy a leapthaibh dhénta duan ngill, Studies 1920, 2 § 8 . gréas ngill `of worthy poems,' DDána 73 § 43 . berid g.¤ (foll. by prep. ar, ó of pers. or by gen.) carries off the palm from: Gobán sáor ... | rucc geall ar gach náon ... | saor an tsaogail, BNnÉ 241 § 179 . ní rug ... geall calmachta ó Chonchubhar, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 372.12 . nach lór do bhreith ghill Ghaeidhil, 146.7 . beire geall gach ḟir dá aimhdheóin, IGT Decl. ex. 1308 . an té berus gell gaisgidh ... na cruinne, ZCP vi 29.8 . Cf. 289.28 . Cia do bhéaradh geall Cormaic `who could surpass C.?' Content. xv 50 . xviii 97 . TD 28.29 . fogeib (do-alla, benaid) g.¤ in same sense: ní bentair geall dealbha dít, IGT Decl. ex. 264 . geall gach oide ... mar fuair A., DDána 73 § 40 . A. Ó Dálaigh lii 12. TD 20.29 . rithid uile ... gidh eadh, is aoin-fhear do-gheibh an geall, TSh. 10276 . uaisleacht ... ní thall soin dá ghníomhaibh geall `cannot match his valour,' DDána 91 § 13 . drong bheanus geall do Ghuaire, TD 34.2 . cuirid g.¤ re challenges: do chuir geall ... fa dhán re hadhbhar eile `he challenged another notice about a poem,' DDána 90 § 16.

(c) the equal, the equivalent , a development of (a) and (b): fri geld bais at the point of death, Mon. Tall. § 48 . ba gell do anmain it was a question of her life, ZCP xv 322.5 . Cf. mina be gell de anmannaib `unless lives are in danger,' Rule of Tallaght 66 § 8 ( LB 9b34 ). ingnadh gill gnái a fledóil | 's in Trái ... `a marvellous identity,' O'Gr. Cat. 354.8. Usu. foll. by re (la): má atá do thal leam ... | budh geall damh re haithní é it were to me equivalent to a command, Studies 1919, 73 § 6 . geall re hoighidh an eachtra, ib. 255 § 1 . gell re bás a mbetha ghnáth, O'Gr. Cat. 472.2 . beag nár gheall re flaith an file, TD 25.15 . TSh. Gl.

(d) Meaning doubtful: bai ind arc for cuclaigi gell | 'coa tabairt di Hierusalem, SR 6673.

(e) In prep. phrases: do g.¤ ar for the sake of: do gheall ar ghlóir dhíomhaín, Content. ix. 24 . i n¤ in need of: depending on: étach d'á rabi 'na gill, PH 7550 . do bhí Magh Tuireadh ... i ngeall mhic Céin, Measgra D. 54.70 . ┐ gan í i ngeall nó i n-éigean a furtachta, TSh. 4835 ; 4861 ; 5084 . i ng.¤ (ngioll) ar: by means of, on account of, in exchange for, pledged to: i ngeall (sic v.l.) ar a fhoghluim fuair Niul ... gach innmhe, Keat. i 92.6 . i ngeall ar onóir shaoghalta, TSh. 619 . ib. 2023 ; 10084 . i ngioll ar Dhia for the sake of God, Measgra D. 52.61 . a ngioll ar in tig sin `depending on that house,' Fl. Earls 180.7 . muna ghlacdaois uatha e a ngioll ar bheith ag guidhe orra, Rule of Tallaght § 30 . gibé ler ab fuath an dream | atáimse i ngeall ortha riamh, I am devoted to them ever, Dánta Gr. ix 8 (ed. 1916). Cf. xiv 18 . i ng.¤ re: in pledge for, in lieu of, as the equivalent of; depending on; on account of: is meinic ... bheannaid a anam as i ngioll ris an gcúntas, TSh. 3654 . Cf. 4377 . ó tá síoth a ngioll re gleó, IGT Decl. ex. 1493 . fada linn gu lá na graifne | a ngill atá ar raithne ris, ex. 1392 . Mac Mhoire ... i ngeall ré pháis oile ... as it were a second passion, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 2 . do chrú léd ghrásaibh i ngioll thy kinsfolk depending on thy grace, xlvii 10 . Cf. Dán Dé iii 31 . a ngeall re meidhir na gcon | ... atá Fionn ... air láimh `because of the amusement ...,' Oss. iv 12.25 . mar gh.¤ air in return for, on account of: rug claoinbhreath mar gheall ar chumaoin fuair, TSh. 6788 . Cf. 3604 .

? gund

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? gund or dil.ie/26827

n neck : Eochaid Gundat .i. braga fada, nam gunnd .i. braige nó muinél, Cóir Anm. 293 . rorighsat Ulaid Eochaig Gunnfat iardain E. Longneck, RC xvi 70.8 . Eochaid Gundfhatt, ZCP viii 327.29 . gunn .i. bráighe , O'Cl.

? 2 luc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 luc or dil.ie/30891

ind in glossaries: l.¤ (luch, bluch v.ll.) bru, Metr. Gl. Ff. 41. ? Cf. luch .i. bráighe , O'Cl. bluch .i. saill, ib.