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alad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. alad or dil.ie/2868
Last Revised: 2013

adj o, ā piebald, variegated: a.¤ .i. il a dath ... no a.¤ .i. uile-dath, Corm. Y 87 . a.¤ .i. exsamail ... .i. cid alath in caeru, O'Dav. 24 . aladh .i. breac , O'Cl. cach uan liath, cach uan alath (of Laban's herds), SR 2956 (= allath, Celtica iv 10.60 ). aer a.¤ (: talam) ilar néll (sic leg.), 7927 . milchū alath, TBC-I¹ 2758 . marcach eich alaid, LU 393 = aluidh, Lism. L. 315.3 . énaib ... odraib ┐ alathaib, LU 1834 . odor, a.¤ ┐ riabach, TBC-LL¹ 67 . alath, odhar ... irfind, Auraic. 5701 . eter brec, ┐ dond, ┐ a.¤ , TTr.² 881 . corop ech bas talam tíre / a.¤ úane a horse which would be as the ground of a country mottled and green, LL 6497 ( RC xxxvi 263 § 22 ). As subst. in dub ind liath ind a.¤ (of the colours of the winds), SR 61, 79 .

Compds. With adj. ¤-brecc: seol a., Ériu v 156.179 . do sciet[h]aib ... aladbreacca, CCath. 4948 . engacha ... aladbreca, Acall. 3410 v.l. ¤líacánach: a uí airim brocṡalaig amarmíchánaig aladlíacánaig! 'you grandson of a ploughman [who is] filthy like a badger, of unregulated wailing and blotchy like a stone pillar! ' EIS 148 § 40 . With vb. ¤-breccaid: ro aladhbrecsatar in magh, TBC-LL¹ 5624 .

bocóit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bocóit or dil.ie/6260

n f. (Lat. bucca or buca, Vendryes, De Hibernicis Vocabulis 117) boss of a shield; freq. also of the shield itself: bocóide (sic leg.) .i. boill écsamhla bhios ar sgiathaibh, O'Cl. boccoit breac , AFM ii 596.10 . scieth . . . co mbocoidibh derccuma [fair], TBC St. 4482. briscbruar dano ┐ beimnech na mbocóti, TTr.² 936 . do thaidlig na cloidem . . . ┐ na sciath . . . ┐ na mboccóited mbrecc, Alex. 16. sonn . . . do roignib sgiath . . . ┐ do bocōidib dealb-nūidhe dath-imdha, ML² 1706. bocóid .i. sgíath, ut est: teóra dubhbocoíde uastibh, Ériu xiii 65 § 54 . ( = BDD² 749 ). do-ratad . . . damdabach dona boccótib immi im[m]a c[h]ūairt, Sc.M² 17. dergbocoit co rindud ┐ co mílu óir . . . fair `red shield', IT iii 186.4 . saidhis S. an sleigh tar brollach na bocoidi `through the boss of the buckler', Caithr. CC 16. i foc[h]lithar a starga ┐ a mbocoiti, CCath. 5818. Also spot, mark, etc.: co fhacca béstín . . . co mboccótib gela, PH 7202. étach taitnemach imbe, ┐ boccóti corccra ann, 1969 . fuil tairb do cuimilt do'n aghaid ar a mbí brice ┐ bocóide ┐ glanaid í `to a face affected with freckledness', O'Gr. Cat. 191.30.

1 brecc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 brecc or dil.ie/6620
Last Revised: 2019

adj o, ā speckled, spotted; variegated; patterned, ornamented: aladh .i. breac , O'Cl. cuirither iasg ṁb. mbedg (MS), Ériu xxii 42 § 9 and 48 n. 4h . ernail dhatha . . . etir brec ┐ dond ┐ alad ┐ rúad, TTr.² 881. tri datha na hec[se] . . . b.¤ ┐ fochanar, Auraic. 5249 speckled (raiment), see Thurn. ZCP xvii 291.16 . i fil ilmíli mbrec mban of women (in) variegated (dress), Imr. Brain 19. cochléne breccai plaid (?) capes, BDD² 1204. cet d'étach gach dadha bricc, IT i 125.15 ( TE Eg. 10 ). bróca brecca bernacha, Todd Lect. vi 60 § 80. écne b.¤ , Imr. Brain 54. ní sladar iasc mbrec for ganim deirg (rhet.), LU 8651. nathir bémnech b.¤ `speckled snake', Thes. ii 327.18 (Hy.v). graig ngabor nglas, brec a mong, LU 3692 ( SCC 33.19 ). daim breca brindled (?) oxen, Trip. 176.15 . na heich breca dappled , Celtica ii 42.32 . a chuilim bhric tig ón Spáin `pied dove', KMMisc. 50.2 . ro brecad do semannaib findruine conid brec (sc. a shield named Briccriu), BDD² 976. ba b.¤ do imdornchoraib na claideb n-orduirn `speckled with the hilts of the gold-hilted swords', Ériu iv 26.26 . go frithathartaib óir bricc friu anechtair with rack-clasps (?) of patterned (?) gold (of scabbards), LL 11193 (TBC). bruiden brec bélfhairsiuṅg, MU² 203. d'aebind bricc of speckled ebony, Alex. 593. mo lebrán brec `with chequered page', SG 56.32 . na Banba bricce `of many-coloured B.', Arch. Hib. ii 82 § 1. ós Bōin[d] bricc ` sparkling ', 92 § 3 . sduadh bhreac dhealbhach um an ndún, DDána 119.17 . san gcrann mbrioc (: riot) on the stained (?) Cross, Aithd. D. 86.11 (cf. A. Ó Dálaigh xxvi 4 ). gur bhó breac ó corpaibh daoíne an tulach, AFM v 1784.23 . cardo benedicta .i. an fuafannan breac `speckled thistle' (Gloss.), ACL i 326.36 . adhbhar gotha dod ghruaidh bhric 'a cause of reproach to your freckled cheek', Giolla Brighde 108 § 3 ​​. See galar.

As subst. fex olei .i. aní imbi brec specks (?), O'Mulc. 42. adberar an Bhrec fría, ó comhmbrecadh taisedh na naomh ┐ na naomh-ogh a n-áoinfeacht . . . innte (a reliquary), BNnÉ 266 § 232 . ? rop ecem secc da selbaib / in b.¤ asin b.¤ Temraig, LL 376a46 . brec mor `great dotting' (a form of Ogham alphabet), Auraic. 6010. rand[aigecht] bec mor andso ocna filedhaibh . . . carrdechnaid vero acna druthaibh . . . ┐ is edh on a b.¤ that is its diversified form (?), IT iii 86 § 86. Cf. § 85.

As epithet in n. pr.: féil Chóemáin Bricc, Fél. Sept. 14. ? innisios fer brec nach beo, SG 362.7 . Appar. n. pr. m.: co B., TBC-LL² 4074 .

Compds. With nouns. Símón Brecc ... brecc-ainech ro bhoí .i. aiged bhrec lais on ardbhruth 'he was mottled-faced, i.e. he had a mottled face from the intense heat (anger ? fever?)'​, Cóir Anm.² ii 26 § 87 ​​​. breccbardne (name of a metre), IT iii 43 § 54 , Murphy Metrics 64 § 59 (see p. 84). brig bladmar, bruthmar, breccbárc, SR 2642. in Bhreac-bhárc .i. lung Fhinn mheic Cumhaill, Leabh. ó Láimhsgr. xvi 1046 . breac-bhriathra . . . / glac íad `verses ?' (to a patroness), O'R. Poems 3339 and Gloss. bairghean, breac-cháca (breach cháca, MS.) beg éattrom `a loaf or little light Ceak', Eg. Gl. 8. Cf. bairghean breac ` barnbrack ' (`barm-'), Dinneen . do butainte brecdatha .i. co ndathaibh éccsamhla, Leb. Gab.(i) 30.13 . meic Blait breacduirn, Acall. 2355. dá breclamainn `speckled gauntlets', CCath. 4675. delg óir . . . / i n-óe cecha breclenni, LU 3709 ( SCC 33.27 ). co rainig . . . in breacmacraid (brecmac rig, v.l.) thiri Armenia the motley youth, RC xx 430.3 . breic-mhias an mheasraidh, TSh. 905. ós breac-mhoigh Éireann, Content. xxx 21. .x. mbrait mbreccphupaill .i. pupaill cacha datha, Ériu ii 4.17 . breacṡolas `the morning or evening twilight ', P. O'C. robrāth na breictheinedh blazing fire, ZCP viii 211.28 . fleadh bhreacthruaille beann `ornamented sides of goblets', Magauran 421 .

With adjj. brecc-aladh piebald , RC xlvi 230.25 . meic borrthoraid brec-bāin, MacCongl. 33.14 . os Banba brecbuic, MacCarthy 184.10 . panathir breccborr huge spotted panther, Rawl. 78a19 . di sciathaib . . .bána breccbudi ` yellow-spotted ', TTr. 1403. geabhuidh lamhuinn mbreacchuir mbláith, KMMisc. 170 § 12. lis ballach breicderg, Acall. 2738. Brec-derg (name of a drinking-horn), 157 . da sheir birrdha brecduba, RC xiii 5.10 . a barr bre[c]glas, Hail Brigit 20 . dá ech . . . brecglassa, LU 8591 ( FB 45 ). gusan mbrúgh mbraenach mbrecṡolus ` light-bespeckled ', Ériu iii 162 § 16. ra beind breccsholais búabaill, MU² 230.

With adjj. formed from nouns. mergeda . . . a . . . breacamlacha `variegated (and) emblematic', Marco P. 61. medon fethech brecbaindech `spotted with pustules', RC xxiv 196 § 11. la fichit brandub brecboirdnech, LL 7285. brat breicbreidech, RC xxi 398 § 33. da n-ocht ṁbliadan brecbuidnech varied and crowded years, LL 14958. o earradhaibh breac-dathacha a banntrachta, ML 38.22 . amail buinne . . . mbreachlasrach with motley flashes, CF 774. brat breclígda immi `of varied hues' (Gloss.), BDD² 1165. gus an mbuinde . . . mbreclinnteach mBuada, MR 104.8 (2 brecc ?). sluagh . . . breacmeirgeach with many-coloured standards, MR 214.y . bloiscbem brecthentech, Lec. 171 ra 26 (brēicthinntech, ZCP viii § 38).

? cumasc slaite breaclíte ┐ lethrannaigechta moire, BB 291a34 = cumasc slaiti brecht, etc., IT iii 84 § 71.

In nn. loc. in compds. see Hog. Onom.

2 brecc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 brecc or dil.ie/6621

Forms: breac

o, m. subst. use of 1 brecc, lit. speckled one, a small fish, usu. translated trout (cf. Hib. Lat. bricius `a fish, a kind of trout' c. 1200, Med. Lat. Word-list from British and Irish Sources, J. H. Baxter and C. Johnson). breac `a trout . . . spot-fish, so called, because it is spotted', P. O'C. ? he b.¤ baoi i mBóinn (Colum Cille), TFrag. 10.7 , see 4 é bratā[i]n pric (: tric) `trout', K. and H. 18. do bhric ód bruachaib amach, SG 96.15 . Bledh iat ┐ Blodh ina mbreacoib Boinne, Dinds. 66. breac ar sruth, Oss. iv 42.8 . iasccach ┐ bric ciordubha `coal-black trouts' (sic), AFM i 510.2 . dearcain donna / ar breacaib srotha ac saigdeóracht, IGT Decl. ex. 266. gidh beac an breac bís fan lin, 525 . fuilngidh breac acras ar édtráigh, 1021 . brec marb `a dead trout', BCC 57. b.¤ dubáin, see 1 dubán.

? breón

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? breón or dil.ie/6735

adj sgiath bhreac, bhuartha, bh.¤ (leg. bhraon?), Hard. ii 188.9 ; cf. sciath breac biatta bran (bhuartha bhraon, v.l.), Tromd. Guaire 96.

cáca

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáca or dil.ie/7523

n (Engl. loanword) cake : breac-ch.¤ beg éattrom, Eg. Gl. 8 .

2 caín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 caín or dil.ie/7788
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cáein, -i, caoin

Subst. use of 1 caín. cáein f. (g s. and n p. -i), IGT Decl. § 14 . smooth finished side; esp. the outer surface of a wall etc.: madh glan an corp don taoibh thall / ball ar a chaoin níor locht liom, Dán Dé xxvii 31 . mar chaoin mbuabhall as bhreac fiodh / breac nuabharr gach taoibh don teagh, DDána 119.36 . a caoin amach mar mheamram, Ériu v 60.12 . caoin gach buinne dhuinn darach, 62.3 . do teilgeadh caoin do chlach gcuir / don taoibh a-mach dod múraibh, Measgra D. 56.11 . do chaoin uaighfidh re t'eascaoin, 132 . siridh c.¤ in maighi, Lism. L. 2895 . fót fírinde . . . intan adberad firindi do-chuireadh a chain súas, Folklore iv 483 (Edinburgh Dinds. § 64 ). in fer atbered gaí . . . / ós chaín in ḟóit, Metr. Dinds. iv 168.22 . deargaidh chaoin seanMhuighe Sléacht / sgeamhghaire chéacht re taoibh dtrácht, Magauran 1661 . fri leth C. c.¤ in tsléibe / . . . is a hescaín . . . / fri leth M., Metr. Dinds. iii 308.77 . Of hair: dath an chróigh ar caoin a trillse, Magauran 3098 . caoin a surface, rind , Eg. Gl. 142 . Of skin, membrane , etc.: an cain uachtarrach . . . no in cain iachtarach, O'Curry 305 ( H 3.18, 167 ). in cain ichtarach, O'D. 834 ( H 3.17, 595 ). bidh in sicne . . . a leanmain don chain meadhonaigh, Irish Texts v 4.12 . See Ériu xii 130 - 31 (BCrólige), Ériu lii 209 n. 323 .

Fig. a dhealbh Mhíchíl . . . / cuir dá-ríribh riom do chaoin grant me thy full favour, Aithd. D. 97.37 . an fhuil ríogh re raibhe a heasgaoin / . . . do chuir caoin a ratha rú, PBocht 10.22 . cuin bhias i (? = a) gcaoin ré chéile `when shall they unite?' Dán Dé xi 3 . nach bia ar gcaoin-ne re a chéile, DDána 7.16 . is ródhall gach aon nách tuig / gur is-tigh atá do chaoin, Measgra D. 27.48 . firchain fáilti a hearty welcome, TFerbe 83 .

cuäch

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuäch or dil.ie/13299

Forms: cuach, cúach, caue, coach, coch, cauich, cuich, cuuch, cuch, cúach, cuich, chúagh, cuaich, cuacha, cúach, chúaígh, cuacha

n o, m. Also cuach, later cúach. Also [ā], f. (cüa, see 1 cúa. So Meyer, Misc. Hib. 29 citing earlier caue, disyll.; Lat. caucus, Ling. Val. Ir. Ann. 72 , cf. NED s.v. quaich , quaigh ; not a loanword, Jackson, Language and History in Early Britain 322 n.3 ; also appar. of present wd., O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 161 n. 4 ). n s. coach, AU i 52.y . a s. coch, BB 259b45 ( RC vi 175.42 v.l.). g s. cauich, Laws v 412.11 . cuich, 13 . d s. cuuch, 11 . cuch, Vita Br. 25 . a d s. cúach (dissyll.), SR 6388 , -90 . n p. cuich (monosyll.), SR 4345 . g p. cúach (monosyll.), SR 4357 . n du. m. da chúagh , Airne F. 358 . Later also with a d s. cuaich, Ériu xviii 62 § 21 . O'Dav. 668 . n p. cuacha, Oss. iii 204.3 . cúach m. with -gh, -ch in g s. (an chúaígh , v.l., n. 7) and n p., IGT Decl. § 75 .

(a) cup, goblet, bowl : c.¤ gl. scyfum, Thes. i 4.8 . cuacha (a p.), Ériu ii 4.2 . dail-sium deogaib cormaib cuich sgeo fin, 5.10 . atnaig usce ina chúach, LU 4261 . asa chuch forodail dig / don mnaí, LU 4297 (= LL 18230 ). cuach carpat calg tricha bó bró fiánn Fiacho (rhet.), LL 14608 `ein Becher', ZCP xii 275.27 . cúach findruini . . . ┐ én óir fora lár, LU 8800 ( FB 60 ). ibid C. Ch. . . . a llán ro boí isin cáuch, 8827 (printed cúach, FB 62 ). cuach deoghbhaire, Ériu xiii 30.13 . an robhaidh uile ni[con] rug cidh liagh ná cuagh na luagh fás-truaille cloidimh le, 13.7 . fri gell chuaich rig `the pledge [consisting ?] of the goblet of a king', Laws v 412.1 . cuach co medh, K. and H. 16.22 (sic MS). in dun timchell ana cuach, Anecd. i 13.19 ( SCano 439 ). a mheic na ccuach, Ériu xvii 18.1 . ós línibh cuaigh `over engraved wine-cups', O'Hara 2557 . aidme altoire .i. cuach ┐ cailech, Laws i 234.28 Comm. Fig. cuach searbh bitter drink, DDána 31.24 .

(b) In a few contexts appar. also of larger container cauldron, large vessel (or simple hyperbole ?): in cuach órdae C. i mberfide dam co tinni, LU 7890 ( BDD 148 `cup', ` bowl, cup ', BDD2 Gloss.). cūach Gūaire. Muc ┐ ag doberthea and, ceithri drolaim ass, ┐ dā sab fōe da breith ar a bēlaib, Ériu i 44.x (= RC xxvi 374.16 ). na dā aingel imon cūach, 46.5 (= `Quaigh', RC xxvi 374.23 ). secht gcuaich mhéich (sic leg.) seven vessels of a size to hold a bushel, Ériu viii 136.28 . For phr. cuach cera see 1 cir.

Compd. cūach-s[h]rann ` hollow sound ', Duan. F. i 8.10 (a snore like that of one in his cups ?). Cf. also breac-chuach, iii xiii n. 5 `common name for Fionn's ship in folk-tradition'.

4 é

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 é or dil.ie/19328
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: hé

n m. a salmon = éo: hæ aite .i. in bradan bis isin ait, CIH i 241.20 . Or áe as in the plant-name áe aba, see 1 áe, Peritia xvi 390-92 . is ainm do bratan é, ┐ is tri ebad scribthar side [i.e. éo], Auraic. 5599 . an t-`é' breac do bí a mBoaing, H 3.18, 611b . ee ab esoce , Corm. Y 570 . am hé i llind (ar luas), IT iii 61 (= am eogh, 62 ). nách ǽ mór gaibter i nEss Rúaid, Trip. 146.12 = éicni, 13 . hé TBC-I¹ 1168 (= éu Eg). Anecd. i 73.210 (= ecne RC x 88 ). See ZCP x 201 . ant hé gabtha isin lín, TFrag. 10.7 . domairced ē cāin cech laithi, ZCP xi 161 § 210 .

eithrech, eidrech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eithrech, eidrech or dil.ie/19906
Last Revised: 2013

adj o-ā having fins or appendages, finny: ind ḟairgge eithrech ochargorm, TBC-LL¹ 5027 . 4755 . 5976 . chrúbach gágach garbeidreach 'having rough extremities, rough-ended' Celtica xiii 7.59 . breac óireithrech ón Bhóinn, TD ii 191.21 . Cf. clár móireithreach `plain of great fins' TD 1.18 .

2 erc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 erc or dil.ie/20224

adj speckled, also dark red: earc .i. breac no ní breac , O'Cl. .i. dearg ib. alath, odhar, usgdha, erc, irfind (the vowels in dath-ogam), Auraic. 5701.3 , 4 , 5 erc are probably extensions of this.

étrág

Cite this: eDIL s.v. étrág or dil.ie/20896

n m. and f. dry beach, shore: fuilngidh breac acras ar édtráigh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1021 . ní ṡaílend ┐ sí ar snámh | nach bí an ḟaílenn ar édtrágh, 501 . cara na héigne is é an lán | is mé an t-éigne ar an éadtrágh the full tide is the friend in need (i.e. Michael); I am the salmon on the beach Dán Dé xiv 6 . tuile ghrás...'na hard-thuile gan éadtráigh, A. Ó Dálaigh xv 7 .

gúna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gúna or dil.ie/26825

n a gown ; an outer tunic or dress : tuc ... Sir G. guna sgharloide don techtaire, ZCP vi 51.31 . docuir sé léine ... ┐ inar ... ┐ gúdna sgiamach sgarloide air amuigh anechtaír, ib. 25.13 . Of a knight's festive dress : docuaidh ... cona tri cet ridiri fa gúnaib sida co fér umpa, ib. 62.30 . gan arm, gan eideth acht gunaidhi somaisecha sída co fér umpa, ib. 71.31 . Of a woman's dress : gúna breac 's a cheart rufuighe leis, ZCP v 211.260 . cá bhfuair tú luach do ghúna, ib. 215.424 .

1 inber, indber

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 inber, indber or dil.ie/28243

Forms: inber, Inber, inber, indbir, inbir, inbiur, inbir, hinbir, inbhera, inberu, n-inbera, -indber, n-innbhear, indberaib

n o, m. (earlier n.) n s. inber nDunand, IT ii2 225.10 . in t-Inber n-Ailbine, Laws i 70.20 Comm. a s. inber, Ir. Gl. 74. g s. indbir, Thr. Ir. Gl. 14.7 . inbir, Laws i 122.16 . d s. inbiur, IT i 131.11 . inbir, AU i 336.13 (A.D. 835) . n p. na hinbir , Laws ii 224.14 Comm. inbhera, MR 102.2 . a p. tar inberu , LU 8627. i n-inbera , 5646 . g p. -indber, MR 102.7 . na n-innbhear , TSh. 6032. d p. indberaib, LU 6904.

a rivermouth: inber n-Ailbine, inber mBóinne, etc., Hog. Onom. bir .i. uisce, ut dicitur ... inbir, Corm. Y 158. inber .i. infretum , O'Mulc. 719. co dhechutar á múinnter side i tracht Indbir Béci, Thr. Ir. Gl. 14.7 . lá n-and dóib ... sind inbiur oca fothrocud, IT i 131.14 . do ri Erunn .i. in tan bit na hinbir fuí, Ath-cliath ┐ Portlairge ┐ Luimniuch, Laws ii 224.14 Comm. im chain n-inbir `for the law respecting a river,' i 122.16 . cain inbir .i. riagail inbir na coradh, iv 212.11 Comm. (mentioned as one of the things that add to the value of land), 278.9 Comm. cathir ... for brú inber mara, Fél.² xlvii 2. dia tí íasc i n-inbera, LU 5646. ralluidsium reme dar inber na Bóinne, CRR § 25. ro bruchtsatar ... inbhera na hErenn mur-bhruchta ... cacha moir-eisc, MR 102.2 . sáiter breac a mbrúagh n-inbhir, IGT Decl. ex. 1574. na heasa ┐ na hinnbheara bhíos ag sileadh i n-ifreann, TSh. 6725.

Fig. i n-inber raithe `into the inver of bounties,' RC xxvi 26 § 104 (glossed : .i. in inber ind ratha .i. i n-ollamnas). díol an lín d'innbhear an ógh a rivermouth worthy of the net, DDána 21 § 17 , cf. 6 § 40 .

Compds. ¤muir the sea at a point where a river enters it: gémadh éigne ar inbhiormhuir, Studies 1921, 418 § 4 . ¤thonnach (tonnach billowy) : nar thaobh Eamhain innbhearthonnaigh, DDána 89 § 1.

lám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lám or dil.ie/29507
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: laám, láme, láam, láim, láma, láime, nondalámgaba

n ā, f. n s. ind laám , Wb. 12a23 (see GOI 20 - 1 ). g s. láme, Sg. 68a1 , 68b13 . g p. láam, Wb. 9a6 . n s. later also láim, and g s. láma, láime. IGT Decl. § 192.

I

(a) hand: gnúis et láma et cossa, Wb. 12b4 . is sochrudiu láam oldōsa ol coss, 12a21 . precept dosom fri dei et saithar ho lámaib in nocte gl. operantes manibus nostris, 9a5 . ine láim nú ine méraib, Thes. ii 245.37 . ind l.¤ gl. manu, Ml. 36b1 . lam, 131b4 . torad a láam is hed dodtoisged `it is (the) fruit of his hands that used to support him', Wb. 9a6 . orddu lámae gl. pollex, Sg. 68b13 . dunecomnacht Dia inní saúl inna lama som delivered S. into his hands, Ml. 55c1 . ro bendach Pátraic asa dib lámaib in Machai, Trip.² 2799 . conid eiter a lamaib rothathamir cú rui (leg. Cú Roí) `in their hands that C. expired', Mon. Tall. 65 . idna láme (one of the `streams of poetry'), LL 3900 ( IT iii 58.2 ). bud bhinn lam ┐ bel a fine instrumentalist and vocalist, AU iii 340.7 . claidhemh gacha lamha, Cog. 252.9 . ro-gab . . . lān a lām do c[h]ochall an c[h]lērig, BColm. 36.10 . líon mo lámha `the full of my hands', Dán Dé xxx 7 .

With adj. or attrib. gen.: l.¤ bennachtan as opposed to l.¤ soscéli right hand v. left hand (see Stokes, Ériu iii 11 - 12 ): in ferand ar do láim soscéla ic dola sís . . . no ar do laim bennachtan anís, Ériu iii 11.14 - 15 . See soiscélae. l.¤ choitchinn: airgitur langilli na bo iar fir i llaim coitchinn ra aichne `in gemeinsame (neutrale) Hand', Cóic Con. 17.2 . lámh chlé (lámh chlí prohibited form), IGT Decl. § 139 . ros-mugaig, ros-mill, ro tracht / trí coecat barc co laim clí, Fél. 200.28 . na findad do l.¤ chlíí an a n-dingne do l.¤ dess, PH 5950 . lámh deas right hand, IGT Decl. § 137 . bennuch, a Dhe, . . . / cot laim dheis mo cuili-se, Lism. L. 1287 . fíréin láma deise Dé, PBocht 26.34 . l.¤ doí see lámdoé s.v. 1 doé; l.¤ (in) scéith left hand or arm; see 2 scíath and cf. ar laim congmala a sgeith, Ériu xi 189.30 .

In l.¤ des, l.¤ chlé of directions; in a variety of uses: a lleth o laim deiss dexteram ejus partem, Sg. 17b2 . for láim deis aníartúaid . . . for laim chlí anairtuáid, BCr. 19c2 , 3 . éla fort láim ṅdeiss `decline ab eis in dexteram partem', Lat. Lives 80.15 . Fir Domnand co trí rígaib / lam des fri hErinn n-íraig `up the west coast', MacCarthy 148 § 3 ( LL 14718 ). impoit . . . for a láim chlí they turn to the left, AU ii 120.7 . ro ghabsat iaramh laimh cli fris an loch `with their left to the lake', AFM vi 1940.18 . do chuaidh . . . hisin . . . long . . . lamh dhes frí hérinn soirttuaidh, 1966.z . dia lāim deis on his right, ZCP viii 108.3 . Note also: is í so slighe ina ttáinig . . . .i. láimh sgéith re Ráith Ḟionnchaoimhe, Ériu viii 135.24 .

In a number of idioms with vb. gabaid: gabaid láim x seizes, abducts x: nis gebh do laim . . . ar med do nóimhe, BNnÉ 304.17 . gabais laim ingine Foraid . . . ┐ fordoscarastar, Rawl. 131b24 (Cf. Ériu iii 135.4 ). dodechaid in chaillech do béim chluic . . . gabais Ailill a láim, ┐ dos tascar, ┐ dogéni a coblige seized, RC ix 452.14 . See gabál. Cf. ní má ar gabáil ar lámha / úaind, ZCP viii 219.36 . M. . . . do gabail . . . l.¤ Huí L. . . . asint ṡuide apad `expelled', Ann. Inisf. 1052.5 . gabaid láim x dochum leads x to: gabais a chomalta a laim dochum mara led, Anecd. iii 59.9 . gabthe mo laim mattin dochum mara, 1 . With follg. prep. AS expels: ni ragh sa adiu . . . go ro gaba ri no espoc mo laim as, BNnÉ 302.4 . gebatt sa . . . do lamha sa asin suidhi righ ittaoi, 305.13 . conid ari rogabad al-lam a Pardus `on this account they were driven out of Paradise', Ériu vii 164.7 .

(b) arm : cumgabail inna lam i crosfigill is sí briathar l.¤ insin, Ml. 138a2 . tócaib do dí láim i n-airdi frisin Coimdid, MacCarthy 64.10 = suidig do da laim cech thrath / fri ruirig nime, SR 1605 . doe láme gl. lacertus, Sg. 68a1 . a di láim tri derca ṡedluch allenith immach, TE 4 ( IT i 119 ). gur ben in lamh des aga gualaind de, ZCP vi 36.18 . lámh on gualuinn a fad, ALC i 184.20 . láma caolrigthecha, Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.27 . Of clothes, sleeve : lēinte lainneardha lāimhgheala lín 'brilliant, white-sleeved linen tunics', BDC 226.57​ .

(c) Of the hand used in measuring length: on fir do ní in tomus o laimh, Laws ii 232.22 Comm . ocht nduirn a fot, do toimsib laime techta fil fri mesu ┐ toimsiu, Laws ii 246.8 . tinne tri mer a mbun laime, Laws ii 250.2 . See 2 tinne. is í sin is áis do'n ésga do réir láime (of calculating the moon's age by disposing the verses of the Golden Number upon the finger-joints), O'Gr. Cat. 300.14. Of the whole arm as measure: fád láimhe laoich do chrann, Keat. ii 5200.

(d) Attrib. g s. cennach láime: fuair . . . na seacht Laoighise dó féin . . . mar cheannach láimhe i ndíol an cheannais do rinne `handsel', Keat. ii 4812 . cin láime distinguished from cin coise, tengad, etc.: cin laime de guin, no gait, no mi-imirt, Laws i 238.11 . cís láime: ní cíos láime atá acutsa orra acht rígféinnidecht ┐ maer choiméta atá acut innte tribute of the hand i.e. won by force(?), SG 338.22 , 337.17 . triatha uaisle dho i mbuannacht do bhíodar / a chíos láimhe mar ránaig ar ríoghraidh, Hackett² 30.290 . See dígbál. fer láime: fer láma ríg Themra thair / Illand ergna mac Erclaim `henchman', Metr. Dinds. iv 88.13 . Legal perpetrator, distinguished from sellach spectator : mas lethbrostu ┐ ro fes in cu do rigne in fogail is amuil fer laime tigerna in con do rigne in fogail the master of the dog which did the injury is taken to be the perpetrator (of liability for dog injured in a dog-fight), Laws iii 194.y Comm . noco fo lan fir laime icus sellach a lan, 100.z Comm . See sellach. Also áes láime guilty persons: is iat is aes laime ann lucht in combaiti (`hand-party'), Laws iii 252.13 Comm . flesc láime see 1 flesc. liacca lamh, CCath. 5657 (see 1 lía). rogad láime, see rogad.

Extended meanings: gesce ┐ lama imda branches (of tree), RC x 74.3 v.l. gur teig lamh na lainne dā lethtaoibh handle, ZCP xiv 233.1 .

II In various abstr. and fig. applications.

(a) prowess, valour, accomplishment: ar eagla a laime ┐ a dighultu[i]s, ZCP vi 273.9 . ni caithimsa sin noco fagar do laim iat (do nert laime, v.l.), RC xix 34.2 . do chuaidh A. a llos a láma as by his own valour, ALC i 302.23 . Cf. CCath. 68 . ba fearr lamh na luighe `one better in deed or word', Duan. F. ii 176 § 5. clú láimhe, Hugh Roe² 104.5 . fer . . . go lán ainm láimhe ┐ tighe aoidhed, AFM v 1628.18 . fear . . . ro ba maith lamh ┐ oineach brave and generous, 1692.10 . teist ┐ tuarasccbháil láimhe ┐ einigh, 1684.18 . Sir Gyi ┐ sir Heront rob ferr lam ar gach taebh acu, ZCP vi 45.29 . ní fuil . . . ridiri is ferr lamh, 52.2 . ni frith fear mo laimhe riam `a man to match with me', Duan. F. i 63 § 33 . l.¤ láitir might: techt do fein ar los a lame laitiri as, Ann. Conn. 1373.5 .

(b) control, power : is he nert Dé ┐ l.¤ Dé, LB 138b46 . san tír dar ghoire do ghrádh / lámh ag rígh oile mon-uar another king rules, DDána 45.6 . as é dob fearr eineach is ágh / ní deachaidh lamh ós a cionn `never was he overpowered', Duan. F. ii 218 § 8 . adubhairt riu gan an rigacht do chur as a laimh, BCC 246.34 .

In phrase l.¤ i n-úachtar upper hand, conquering arm : rapo doss díten ┐ rapo buinne bratha ┐ rapo l.¤ i n-uachtur leo Conall, CRR 44.1 . go dtug Dia an lámh i n-uachtar ag Scotaibh is ag Pictibh orra, Keat. ii 6144 . In legal phr. lám gabálae forcible seizure : do-beir in fer ada-gair comrac forsin mil sin co tét i lláim gabálae 'the man who brings a claim against them causes a confrontation over that honey so that it (the honey) passes by forcible seizure', Bechbretha 186 (e) .

(c) Legal active part in crime : icad fer tairce trian . . . a dualgus a tairci; ┐ cutruma re aenfer don dá trian aile a dualgas a láime the inciter pays a third due because of his incitement . . . because of his share in the deed (of fine for killing by soldiers), Laws iii 114.x Comm . asren cāch a chinta ar a láim `for his own hand', Cáin Ad. 43 . im fiach a laime, ┐ im fiach a tairci, Laws iii 116.1 Comm . See tárcud. ? síoll Eoghain ní hosadh ghealloid / ní ghébdís duit díol i láimh, L. Cl. A. B. 223.106 . In phr. l.¤ derg murder, murderer (cf. We. llawrudd) (in latter sense more commonly fer láime deirge): cumal aithgina fo fer laime dergi laes na gona and, Laws i 244.2 Comm . bid fir lāma dergi ina suidedaib apad, BColm. 62.19 . ba comeirque laime derce nach bruidhen an asylum for a murderer, RC xxi 314.6 . bud í in phláig dibse is a bedg / in l.¤ derg dimbert oram murder, SG 55.37 . ná déantar lámh dhearg acht dí / ar ghrá na dtrí ndealg a Dhé `that my body alone be treated as a foe', Dán Dé ix 9 . atú mar láimh ndeirg ag Dia, ii 30 .

(d) In metonomy, pars pro tota . Of warrior: dob iomdha lamh áthasach do Dhom[n]allachibh ┐ Ghordonchib do bhi san lathair sin, Rel. Celt. ii 192.13 . ni roibi . . . aenlamh fa crodha coscur a cathaibh, ZCP vi 43.33 . lámh ar nár cheisd an cheisd chrúaidh, L. Cl. A. B. 265.9 . marbthar lais Conn O Concobhair in aen lámh mharcaigh as lugha rob olc i cConnachtaibh, AFM vi 2040.11 . With descriptive gen. of generous person: in l.¤ tidnaicthi (of Cú Chulainn), LL 7962. da láim thidnaicthi ratha (Cú Chulainn and Fer Diad), 10729 . lámh chothaighthe deibhléin Dé she who supported God's orphan, DDána 32.24 . Of help: don bocht a tibred laim, PH 6145 . a lámh nach lámh tar threise `o arm unsurpassed in strength(?)', PBocht 23.49 .

(e) In phrases ref. to plighting of troth, wedlock, etc.: dobhi ar fes laimhe ┐ leaptha ag an inghin an oidhche sin, RC xxix 134.18 . roḟai ar laimh ┐ ar leabaid le, RC xliii 24 § 22 . See foaid. sáith ríogh ar leabaidh 's ar láimh / gach inghean ard álainn óg, Dánta Gr. 5.31 . tug mná cneasta i bhfeis leabtha ┐ láimhe married, Hackett² 53.106 . Cf. mé th'éadach láimhe is leaptha (said by cloak to its owner), 32.33 . nascis . . . for láim ind fúatha sin `bound that (boon) on the Spectre's hand', Moling 20 .

(f) In proverbial expressions: ba lam i net nathrach . . . insaigid fair `a hand into an adder's nest', LL 225b7 ( TTr. 608 ). ba luam a net natrach . . . cor fri sluag na Fomoire, RC xii 96.17 . lámh an eirr easguinne unsafe grip, IGT Decl. ex. 587 . l.¤ déoraid (status of) a person whose protection and rights had been forfeited ( ZCP xxxiii 87 ): bid l.¤ déoraid dó, LU 5137 ( TBC-I¹ 654 ); 'he is as good as dead' ZCP xxxiii 87 . See deorad. l.¤ latrainn ba l.¤ latraind i n-árbaig la Hercoil isin chath sain, LL 226a15 ( TTr. 651 ). conid de sin ata `lam clé Ulltain in agaid in uilc', Fél. 200.19 . cach lāimi a lāindīrgi, ACL iii 226.21 (see ZCP xviii 48 ). mairg do loitfeadh láimh eadruinn `it were pity for any to hurt his hand (intervening) between us', Studies 1921 589 § 6 . Legal maxim: ni fognai lam laim, Laws i 228.16 .

III In phrases with follg. prep. (in most cases also with prec. vb.).

(a) DI: dothongusa . . . conna get-sa láma dib, conastarddur uile fo thalmain that I shall not release you, TBC-LL¹ 943 . nír' scar lámha díbh cor' ḟalaigh díden na coilltedh íat fair, CCath. 195. See scaraid. ní thall in gáeth láma de / co foraim bága in bile `the wind withdrew not its hand until it brought down the Tree's pride' (of Bile Tortan), Metr. Dinds. iv 244.51 .

(b) FO: do-beir láim fo undertakes : ni-s-tibrea liaig doenna laim fo-m leiges-sa, PH 424 . in ni fo dard láimh, CCath. 1795. lámh do tabhairt fán marbh ndíocháirdeach (sic leg.) bhíos i bpurgadóir, dá ḟóirithin as, TSh. 4752 . tabhair mar thugais roimhe / lámh fúm `deal with me', Dán Dé vi 33 . l.¤ fo act of undertaking : ba l.¤ fámórobairsin, TBC St. 3830 . lām fo crābud deduirn dūr, ACL iii 306 § 4 . lámh fá othar mádh áil leo / is beo ar n-a chrochadh dháibh [Dia] `if men wish to touch his wounds', but perh. rather if men wish to attack the wounded, Dán Dé xxvi 34 . Prov. of impossible undertakings: as trágadh lacha as a lār / lámh fa bhádhadh ratha an rígh, IGT Decl. ex. 1036 . is lámh fa chraoibh nach cromann / bheith réd chumann, DDána 4.5 . ríomh réadlann nó gainimh ghil / . . . lámh fa ríomh a sochar sin, Content. xxviii 24. Cf. tabraidh mo lamh fa comhall sin, ar Corbmac. ┐ donaisc orra amlaid sin swear by my hand, Irish Texts iii 8.25 .

(c) FOR: l.¤ for áirithe an undertaking certain of success : níor bó lámh for airidhe a n-ionnsaighidh muna luigheadh líon lam . . . forra, AFM v 1826.8 . ni bad lam ar airgthi doibsium sin mana deonaiged in toichthi, Fen. 138.20 . foceird láma for: foceirtt lamae fair she laid hands upon him, Mon. Tall. 66. Cf. ro láiset láma do they arrested him, PH 3101. Of ordination: cuirfid . . . a lámha arna Lebhítibh, Numbers viii 10. Cf. ni comairleiced . . . dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbaic) cin foghlaim `put hand upon him' (i.e. on Christ in the Eucharist), Trip. xlix 11 . atgeall in filidh lāmh for a dān to attempt, ZCP vii 305.6 . do-beir láim for (ar) proposes, attempts : do beartsatt . . . laimh for imdhecht, AFM vi 1900.10 . gabaid láim (láma) for: si dobeir phoíc la cech n-oendig dó, isí geibes láim for a chuit arranges, TBC-LL¹ 2180 . Gaileoin . . . .i. an trian nó ghebadh lamha for an dá trian oile fo ghail fon airredh (leg. airrigh) excelled, Leb. Gab.(i) 118.16 . Of course of action undertakes: do ghabh lam for an Easpain d'fágbhail, ML 44.2 . do gab E. lámh for imtheacht d'fágbhail na h-innsi, ML 36.9 . Of persons enjoins upon, the action enjoined usually being denoted by imm: rogab A. lama (lam, v.l.) ar Perelass im ergi dochum in cluichi sin ordered P., TTebe 2474 . in tan gaba lam forainn, BB 418a51 gabais lāma for in úathad slúaigh robúi ina ḟarrad im calma do dēnom, Fianaig. 86.23 . rogabhagh lamh ar an oglach im dul dochum na teneadh, Ériu iii 156.31 . Also petitions : ragabsad T. uili . . . lama air um thuilleadh fhís do denam doib `entreated that a further vision should be made', TTebe 4156 . ní rigise a les lam do gabail forainn there is no need to ask us (to protect you), Celt. Rev. iii 314.6 . Note also: ragab láim ar a araid (itbert re a giolla, v.l.) ara ngabad a eochu, TBC-LL¹ 3252 . ní ḟedabair an lá no an uair i ngebthar lamh foraibh `a hand will be laid upon you', RC xxv 388.17 . imm-beir láim for practises violence on, see imm-beir. Med. operates on: ro himred lámu . . . for Eogan co mbí ina chinnte bás d'fhaghbáil do, SG 50.25 . Note also: a thaoibh-se ar a dtá mo lámh on which I rely(?), Dán Dé xxv 43 .

(d) FRI: l.¤ fri act of avoiding, renouncing : lam fri idal ṅglethech ṅgal (command against idolatry), SR 4845 . lāim fri lochta, ZCP vi 264 § 9 . lam fri cath fri cēilide, Ériu ii 56.9 . lámh fri turbhaidhe domhnain cé, AFM ii 618.18 . As prep. beside : tainic laim re fiannbhoith mac mBrocain, ZCP xi 40.11 . ealba fhiadh is eadh at conncas / cealga Laoghaire láimh ria, PBocht 10.16 . rohadnaicedh laim re haltóir (sic leg.) Chiarain, RC xviii 182.4 . tarr láimh riom, Gen. xxvii 21 . muna raibh do dhearbhrathair láimh riot, Deuteronomy xxii 2. Also of motion along by (see also under I (a) above): lodar . . . laim re muir siar co rangadar Teach nDuinn, Anecd. i 18.5 . doberat a lam fri h-Etail `skirted', Aen. 138 . tar Dūn ac Loduin . . . / lāim re gach loch go Loch Rīach, ZCP viii 222 § 3 . a lam re fairrge co hAth Cliath, RC xviii 51.26 = laimh fri faircce co rocht co hAth Cliath, AFM ii 1028.x . Note also: tug Muire láimh ris an leas / an uile sháidh do shaidhbhreas `besides salvation', A. Ó Dálaigh l 39. Also compared with: láimh re hAodh ó fhior eile / mion gach taom dá thaidhbhsighe, L. Cl. A. B. 64.159 . ionnus nach fuil i n-uile ṡeanchus . . . láimh re seanchus na hÉireann, Keat. i 44.22 . do-beir láim fri refuses, rejects : na tabair laim frim (Potiphar's wife to Joseph), SR 3182. Of renunciation of world, sin, etc: dia mba maccleirech fa mām / tapuir lām fri holc, ACL iii 319 § 87 . na hulca imgabamít, is e in ecnai erailes ornn laim do thabhairt friu, PH 6867 . do rad láimh ris an saoghal, TFrag. 204.2 . fo-ácaib fri láim excepts: facbaim Concobur fri láim . . . dáig a rige, LU 9217 ( FB 94 ). dochta do neoc[h] dáles dāil / fācbas (?) dáil n-éco fri lāimh, Fianaig. 10 § 3 . Note also: fa-rácbaisemne fri láim deitsiu . . . nád ṅ-íurmais orguin we stipulated, BDD² 659 . scaraid láma fri desists from: roghabh acc timchelladh in chaithmhīledh co nāro-scar lāmha fris go ro eiderdelaigh a cenn rea chúilmēidhe, ZCP xiv 232.12 . ni rosccarsat lamha fris go ragbhatar an caistiall ar eigin, Hugh Roe² 100.16 . Cf. dochuaid re láim he went security, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4a ).

(e) I: do budh dána dul le bréig / do chur lámh 'n-á (leg. 'n-a) leithéid `to resort to guile in attempting such a thing(?)', Dán Dé xxi 21 . cuiris lámh i Mochuda ┐ tug go heasaontach as an mainistir amach é seized, Keat. iii 1948 . dobeir láim i láim neich becomes someone's vassal: ní thug a lámh a láimh riogh occlach dob'fhearr treisi gniomh, ITS v 176.20 . ri Uladh na n-iath solus / . . . dobhera se a lamh ad laimh / gidh be len b'ál gan t'anair, Irish Texts ii 98 § 14. Hence accepts the protection of someone : tuc al-laim il-laim Ḟind, Acall. 5972. Also shakes hands : nach tarmchillend Heriu óclách do neoch do-beir a láim i llaim tigerna nach aichnid damsa, CRR 16.x . tuc a lam in a laim in la sin, Cog. 132.13 . go dtugsad uile a lámha iona láimh, ML 54.31 .

(f) ÍAR: l.¤ íar cúl reserve force : gan lámh ar gcúl uile againn / Muire dhún go n-agaill é `none of us having any support', Dán Dé xix 18 . With cúlu: cusna buidnib medonc[h]aib . . . ┐ cusin laim ar culu, CCath. 5771 . cinnas as áil duit techt i ndáil Medba . . . atágur l.¤ ar cúl aci, LU 6154 ( TBC-I¹ 1669 ).

(g) IMM: gaibid láim imm manipulates : do ghabhadar na fóirne . . . lámha um na leabhar-líontaibh, ML 46.24 .

(h) LA: do-beir láim la helps: is olc in lam tucadar na dee . . . linn, Fier. 106 . móide do-bhéara láimh linn the more wilt thou help me, Dán Dé xi 9 . ag tabhairt láimhe liom féin / a-tá meise, xxii 17 . ní fhuil duine agam do-bhéaradh lámh liom, TSh. 4735 . fo-ceird láim la with same meaning: nach áil cur lámha lat `they will not help thee' (of Mary and mankind), Dán Dé xix 25 . dlighidh cur a láimhe linn, L. Cl. A. B. 251.52 . nior chuir an samhradh lámh linn, Rel. Celt. ii 232.35 . Cf. lámh muna chuire re a gcosg, PBocht 15.5 . l.¤ la help, assistance to: lámh linn ar do bhreith ní bhia `to save me will not be in thy power', PBocht 13.38 . do ghuidh é (sic leg.) fa lamh leis chum síobhail ró mhóir do bhí na éigean air do dhéanamh, ZCP ii 558.22 . as maith an tráth láimhe linn / is cách ré'r ndáin[n]e ag doichill, Ériu v 52.15 .

(i) TAR: fochertar lama tairis they seized him, LU 5941 ( TBC-I¹ 1475 ). do-beir láim tar takes possession of usually by force: co tarad láim dar Corco Loígi, Anecd. i 13.21 . co tarat laim dar hIffern (of Christ harrowing hell), SR 7772 . tuc-som laim tarsan tir ┐ do lomarced leis . . . hi, Ann. Conn. 1249.2 . dochoid A. . . . do índriudh innd idhoiltige ┐ doberait laim tairis, LL 402b31 ( TTr.² 505 ). tugad l.¤ tar na luathcrechaib soir go slioschlár sluag Mhaonmaige they were carried off. Caithr. Thoirdh. 53.39 . do rat lá[i]m dar a longphort, Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 31 . tuc sisi lamh tar an mbiorar báoi for an sruth, BS 82.22 . Note also with pl. láma: tabraiter láma tairis let him be seized, LU 5937 ( TBC-I¹ 1471 ). do-beir láim tar a agaid. Of person waking from sleep: itraacht C. . . . asa chotlud ┐ dobert l.¤ dar a agid, TBC-LL¹ 2495 . do-icc tar láma violates, disobeys : ticcedh thrá Suibhne tar lamha an chleirigh, BS 175.20 .

IV In phrases with preceding prep. (and freq. vb.):

(a) DI: ceb é tan no ghebhudh dia lámh fair `whensoever he should receive the eucharist from him', Lism. L. 2886 . rogab comaind ┐ sacarbaic do laim Tassaig espoic, IT i 22.2 . Of reception of viaticum: téit Comhgall docum nimhe . . . do laimh Ailbhe, Lism. L. 2883 . co nabail dia laimh (i.e. Mochuda) iar mbreith buadha o dhemhan ┐ ó dhomhan (i.e. he died after receiving viaticum from M.), BNnÉ 295.9 . sáeraid di lámaib liberates from : amail soersai Abram / de lamaib na Caldae, Fél. Ep. 456 . rosoirad in chathir di lamaib assar, Ml. 61d2 . See saeraid.

(b) DO: gaibid do (orig. di ?) láim undertakes : ro erb M. fris frestal na hatha. Ro gab-sum sin do laim undertook, Fél. Pref. 12.10 . ro ghabh do láim . . . athaghidh [in muilind], Lism. L. 1969 . rogab Cuipidh do laim o Uenir inni sin, Aen. 387 . do gab . . . Domnall . . . do laim é, Cog. 174.18 . gabhmaitne do laim iatsom `we shall take them in hands', Caithr. CC 63 . do gab du laim cin toidecht i n-agaid mac Ruaidri aris, Ann. Conn. 1225.17 . gabh do láimh i ló na héigne / . . . bheith ós ar gcionn mar chrann díona, PBocht 10.49 . sibh-se . . . gabas do láim an t-eolas who profess learning, Content. xviii 10. Note also: do ghabhadar do láimh dhó nách roichfeadh . . . tochradh a dtigearna tairsibh `they pledged themselves to him', ML 116.8 . rogab H. do láim ón tṡiair sein, LL 226b40 `accepted that charge', TTr. 707 . téit (do-icc) do láim goes to communion : oc techt do laim at the Communion, Thes. ii 254.14 (Stowe Missal). in tan na tiagar do láim dia domnaig, tiagar dia dhardaín ina dhegaid, Rule of Tallaght 15 . fecht n-aill do B. ic techt do Laim in epscuip quadam die accessit B. ut Eucharistiam sumeret de manu episcopi, Lat. Lives 84.15 . gab do lāim / cen tabairt ngotha ar fer ngráid / . . . lēic don churp bīs ina lāim, ACL iii 222.18 . ni dlegar escómlad cen dol do lāim (`without being shriven'), MacCongl. 23.9 . as mitidh a n-anmain De techt do laim `it is time . . . to go to communion', RC xxvi 374.11 = do thāed do lāim `for you to take food(?)', Ériu i 44.24 . ic techt do láim in epscuip (`confess'), Three Hom. 80.21 . téit . . . Gillas . . . do churp Crist annsin do laimh Brenainn, BNnÉ 84.14 . sacairt ic dol do laim celebrating mass, Grail 1326 .

(c) FO. In various uses with téit: téid an bhuidhen fó láimh `submitted', ALC ii 350.12 . otcondai[r]c . . . na hairberta móra sin do thecht fo laim lé Césair being undertaken, CCath. 2389 . gur bhó heiccen do . . . dul fa lámhaibh legh (of surgical operation), AFM vi 2232.21 . See síned. téit fo láim n-epscoip receives confirmation : ní thic comlāine in spirta nóim mane tē fó láim n-epscoip īar mbathus, Ériu i 218.24 . confirmatio, no dul fa laimh easpuig, Luc. Fid. 3688 . Cf. Siluestar ap na cathrach / eirg fo [a] laim ar is rathmar, Fél. 46.29 (where however penance may be intended).

fo láim in the power of, at the discretion of: baí sé seachtmuine ina othairlighe fo lamhaibh legh, AFM vi 2116.2 . tug Dia fád láimh féin lesúghadh do thabhairt uait nó gan a thabhairt, Mac Aingil 3521 . fuair bás fánar lámhaibh, TSh. 5591. Hence subordinate to: guibernōir ar leith fo lāimh in ierla uassa, Fl. Earls 96.14 . Of swearing : gebatsa a luige fó láim Chiaráin by C., LL 274a16 ( SG 416.5 ). lúghu fo láim rig Caisil `by the hand of', Leb. Cert. 70.3 .

(d) FOR. for láim x beside x: asber fris suide for láim Findabrach, TBC-I¹ 1532 ( LU 6001 ). robéosa fort láimsiu, Fél. Prol. 273 . fer buí for láim Airt, ZCP viii 310.7 . Cf. alaile for laim n-ainsedo `another agreeing with(?) the accustive', Ml. 23c21 . Hence of possession, control: nach raibh ar láimh ní fa nimh in his possession, A. Ó Dálaigh 1(50) 10 . do bhí ar a láimh é d'fheithimh it was in His power to watch it, PBocht 21.33 . a bailte móra ar a láimh, Rel. Celt. ii 182.14 . do-beir for láim places at the disposal of: dos bert for láim Eogain, IT i 81.20 . tug a' Gen. na caisléin an boili ┐ na braighde ar lāimh a' Ninntius, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 46.13 . an tan tug ar láimh na heaguilsi eochracha cengail ┐ sgaoilte cháich, Mac Aingil 179 . Note also: beir an dall ar láimh libh `take the blind man by the hand with thee', A. Ó Dálaigh vi 9. Of imprisonment: do cunnbhad ar laimh é gur fháguibh a dheic bhliaghna fichead d'aois, Rel. Celt. ii 162.21 . do bhi an ri san nam sin ar laimh aga naimhdibh .i. Parlameint Shagsan, 202.31 . Cf. dan-indnacht ar láim `by the hand', Blathm. 90 § 3.

(e) FRI. fri láim on behalf of, deputizing for: is e Niall . . . ro gab rigi nErenn . . . acht cheana is é Brian ba tuairgnid catha fri[a] laim side `in his stead', RC xxiv 180.7 . tigerna airthir Connacht fri lāimh a athar acting for his father, AFM ii 836. 10 . With difft. meaning: nochar gabhadh re lāimh T. T. was unassailable, ZCP viii 225.2 . nech padh calmai fri laim imbertai cloidib when it came to swordplay, RC xii 72.22 .

(f) I: gaib id lāim mo fāesam airtho undertake, TBC-I¹ 409. i láim captive, subservient (to): i láimh atú i ttalmhain, Dán Dé xii 7 . minic mē a láim acc dreasaibh, KMMisc. 352 § 7. do marbad U. isin lam-sin `captivity', Ann. Conn. 1270.7 . mé mar bhráighid bhíos i láimh, Dán Dé iii 32 . Aedh . . . do bí illiamh (leg. illáimh) sa chaislén, AU ii 466.18 . grádh mná 'ga bhfuilim i láimh, Dánta Gr. 8.5 . is fiacha i láimh / na féich ar a bhfuil admháil as good as paid, L. Cl. A. B. 162.13 . do thuaslucud chimmeda bai illāim oc ríg qui erat in vinculis apud regem, Lat. Lives 80.11 . Also in pl.: ro gabad annsin Marcus Crasus, ┐ tucad il-lámhaibh é docum airechta na Partecdha, CCath. 136. Also with gen.: cá láimh ataí, a rioghain? I láimh Anadail mic Rí Conchend . . . ar sí, ITS v 54.8 . tugas grádh éagmhaise d'Eoin . . . / 'na láimh tharla an rí [dá] réir `he can make the Lord obey him', PBocht 27.1 . caide . . . an bean i rroibe mo mac sa laim (na laim, v.l.), TTebe 2125 . tuc i lláim Michil . . . in imerci sin, Ériu iv 118 § 36 . With same meaning: a leith a lámh bítt na mná so [do]gres `are always obedient to her', Maund. 135.

In extended sense: ón bhan-óigh do bheith im láimh / budh dáigh breith ar anóir [uainn] my winning regard is likely, the Virgin being on my side, Dán Dé xxiii 39 . do bhí sise im láimh gach laoi she has always been by my side, 40 . beid go luinneach im láimh thall `shall be active for me' (of saints), xxv 69 .

(g) IMM: atbert int aingel friu ni de min do chummisc doib ar an im . . . arna toitsitis an aes penda immallama die on their hands, Mon. Tall. 73.

(h) SECH: léim sech láim false leap(?) LL 307a12 ( SG 386.23 ). nichat léicfider sech láim (of a sword) thou wilt not be laid aside, RC xx 12 § 21 . ná léicetsom sech láimh neglect, LL 301a48 ( SG 373.y ). ? conralta dibh sech laim, Anecd. ii 63.10 .

(i) TAR: tar láim. In oaths by: dar láimh do chinn ┐ do choise, Gadelica i 44.302 . dar láimh Moling, Ó Bruad. i 54 § 5 . tar láma(ib) in spite of: ro chongaibh an Breifne gan baoghlucchadh tar lamhaibh a chomharsan, AFM v 1804.15 . Legal: i slanuibh dochuaidh an duine . . . ┐ tar a lama tecar . . . tiachtain tara lamuibh, O'Curry 393 ( H 3.18, 220a ). tiachtan fo'n cundrad tar do láma `in violation of thy security', Laws v 508.16 Comm . is e dogab Eirinn dar lamaib Chormuic uí Chuinn (ni th[ar] a lamhaib dogab uair fa gilla og Cormac an tan sin), CGSH § 142 n. k-k​ .

V Adv. phrases. a láim i láim from hand to hand : á tinnacul a llaim hillaim, Ml. 96d6 . l.¤ (láim) ar láim equally balanced : dá mbeith an ní láimh ar láimh / idir Eoghan is Conn cáidh, Content. xviii 35. Also: comhraicis Iollann ar a' traigh / Maghnus lamh ar laimh `hand to hand', Duan. F. ii 326 § 31 . d'óenláim together, unanimously : d'oen láim, LL 296b30 . érgit slúaig Ulad innáig / ┐ a n-ardrí d'oenláim, 299a1 ( SG 368.1 ). nach maithfidhe le Dia dháibh / go ria a n-aithrighe d'énláimh, O'Gr. Cat. 467.4 . fo láim secretly: co ndechaid fein as fo laim, Ann. Conn. 1278.6 . maidhm for Maghnus dana ┐ é fén do dul [as] fo laim `secretly effected his escape', AFM iii 452.17 . gabais reime fó láim for lergaib in tsléibe `privily', SG 381.2 ( RC xiii 92.20 ). l.¤ fri láim side by side : in cailli selga noghabhdais dosreathdais 'na uirtimcill lamh fria laim, Marco P. 89. Note also: lecit sírthi fo cricha na Camandi ┐ in lamh ag aroile dhibh `keeping near one another', Marco P. 10 . (ó) láim do (co) láim one and all : do chuala a chloinn láimh do láimh, DDána 46.10 . leis na haingle ó láimh go láimh, 38.20 . tucsam lughi lámh do láimh / fian meic Cumuill einechnair, Acall. 1443 . l.¤ tar láim: do chuirsead fós lámh tar láimh clú a bh-feadhma ar fud an domhain `upon all hands', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 374.17 .

cacha láma (láime) on either side : secht cumala gacha laime go tri nonbura, Laws iv 234.9 . annam lend aithled cecha lama itiaid-siu, LL 286b15 . Gall faoi ┐ Gall gacha láimhe dhó, Ériu i 87.14 . gadaidhe gach láimhe leis, Dán Dé xx 24 . breac beó gacha lámha leis / dála an dá eó nír indeis, IGT Decl. ex. 2135. Cf. in literal sense: do bheredh cend gacha láma would take a head in either hand, Caithr. Thoirdh. 75.30 .

In nn. pr.: Lām-fri-hēc, Mug láma, see Corp. Gen. Lámh Ghábhaid, Cóir Anm. 280 . L.¤ Luath, Acall. 7476. Cf. Lám áed `hand Aed' (as nickname), Trip. 200.7 .

COMPDS. With nouns: ¤aire, see separate article. ¤anart napkin : teagh budh lonnraighe lámhanart, Studies 1924, 244 § 22 . ¤arm, used of small weapon which a warrior took to bed with him for use in emergency: lámh-arm gach laoich ar a leabaidh, ML 76.10 . ¤brat: lambrat gl. mantile, Sg. 172a3 . gl. gausape, 128a1 , 3 . ¤bréit towel : nipsa lambreid lamhglanta, Anecd. ii 60.7 . ¤bró handquern: ni meath log-einech ar ithlaind ┐ lambroin, Laws v 88.11 Comm . ¤chartad ` masturbation ' O'Dav. 1474 . in sesmac pectac imorro le lamhcartad dogeibh a toil, BCrólige 29 . ¤chlaideb: cen arm occaib . . . acht lamcloidmi becca bidis ina lamaib, BB 439b2 . ¤chloc: iseal a treoir in tan is lamclog (gl. aistreóir), Laws v 22.8. Comm . ¤chloch: gebid lamhcloich do lár thalman dar bo lán a glac, TBC-LL¹ 1181 . ¤chomart clapping of hands in grief, lamentation : darindidar lam-chomairt mor ┐ nual-guba dearmair, YBL 147b8 . lámchomairt . . . ┐ basghari do mathrechaib, LB 141a3 . lamcomairt .i. basgaire, O'Dav. 1193 . oenach ina lamcomarthae in quo ignis ┐ tonitru similitudine die judicii. ind lamhcomart hi feil Michel dianepred in tene di nim, AU i 240.1 - 2 (A.D. 771) = AFM i 370.15 . in chantaicc Solomon ┐ ind Lámchomairt libuir Ieremiae Book of Lamentations, Hib. Min. 26 § 186. ¤chongnam: gan lāmh-chongnamh ar doman, Fl. Earls 72.15 . ¤chor: lámhchara .i. lamhchora .i. cur láimhe ar ní, O'Cl. (cf. BB 419a25 below). corugud (sic leg.) cach cuaille iar n-uachtar, ┐ lamcur doib co nach urfaema in (sic leg.) talam `they are pushed down by the hand', Laws iv 112.11 . dorinne lamhchur air laying on of hands, Keat. iii 1603 . ¤chorrán: rolá . . . lāmhcorrán iarnaidhi [uada] d'fastudh na luinge `grappling-irons' CCath. 2083 . ¤chrann. Of part of a harp: olc a l. olc a corr, Measgra D. 7.121 . ¤chruit: a lámh-chruit do leiséaghuinn, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 115 § 12 . ¤déraigthe (cf. 1 dérgud). In phr. ar feis leptha ┐ láimdéraighthe in cohabitation : do berdais a ndaermná (sic leg.) ar feis lepta ┐ láimhdhéraidhthi daib, ZCP viii 545.21 = TBC-LL¹ 1738 - 40 . is and sin ro ḟaietar (sic leg.) in lánamain sin ar feis leaptha ┐ láimhdheraighthi, Acall. 821. Cf. 7842 . ¤día household god, idol : tuc lea lámdeo á athar (of Rachel), SR 3016 . beir leat t'athair Anachis ┐ do mac ┐ do bean ┐ do laimdea, Aen. 578 . tabhraidh láimhdhia chugaibh, ┐ adhraidh dhó, Keat. i 142.43 . ¤dóe (dóit): lámdoti na laechraidi, LL 235a22 ( TTr. 1345 ). ¤écht: an t-iarla ó Lúcan . . . / triath is iomdha láimhéachta, Ó Bruad. iii 144.z . ¤fheidm manual effort : tar lám-fheadhmannaib na laoch, ML 46.26 . ¤ḟile: Feidhlime Ruadh . . . / gá togha is dírighe do luadh gach láimhfhile poet with a patron(?), Hackett² 43.4 . ¤ḟrestal: láimhfhreastal sámhghasda saoitheadh, Hackett² 28.234 . ¤ḟritheolad: do láimh-fritheoladh Choncubhair `to deal with C.,' CRR² 82.x . ¤gaí: gur tholl an lamh-gai an luireach, MR 286.1 . ¤gésca twig : lamgesca mora, RC x 74.3 . ¤glanad: lambreit lamghlanta, Anecd. ii 60.17 . ¤glés wringing of hands : mor lámchomart ┐ láimglés . . . fógensat cumala, Alex. 389 . ro crochtha oca he isin laimgles doroindi, YBL 172b18 = SG 74.4 . ¤lecc: imbertside na lamlecca foraib, LU 4966 ( TBC-I¹ 479 ). ¤nert: re cumas láimhneirt, Oss. iii 264.14 . ¤maide: na soighde, ┐ na lámhmhaideadha, Ezekiel xxxix 9. ¤raite by-road, secondary road : madh for laimraitib beacaib, is i nde randait, CIH v 1549.37 . lamraiti .i. iter di sligid 'by-road, i.e. between two highways' EIF 538 . See also ¤rót(a) below. ¤ rinda: lamrinda nó luathrinda .i. ligatura inter diversas picturas gl. plectas ( 1 Kings vii 29 ), Thes. i 1.30 . See lúathrinde. ¤rót(a) (? properly ¤raite, perh. confused with 1 rót, rota) by-road: lamróta .i. iter da ṡligid, Thr. Ir. Gl. 38 = lāmrotae, Corm. Y 1082 = lomrottea, laimroitea, Corm. Bodl. 36.38 . lamhrod .i. ród láimh le ród eile, O'Cl. mad for rot mor . . . mad for laim raitib becaib, O'Curry 2004 ( H 4.22, 31 ). ¤scaíled manumission: mic mhuinntire, ar nach déantar lámhsgaoileadh, TSh. 5121 . ¤scíath small shield : tú ar láimh-sgiath lá an ghuasochta, A. Ó Dálaigh xix 4. trí chéud láimhsciath, 1 Kings x 17 . ¤scor: gursad . . . lúthmhar ar lámsgor `till our hand teams are . . . spirited', CRR² 62.12 . ¤smacht: na mic nach bí sgaoilte ó lámh-smacht a n-aithreach, TSh. 5122 . ¤thapadh: tuc in t-iarla lamtapadh laechda . . . fora cloidim, ZCP vi 274.32 . As name of Conall Cernach's shield: Lamthapad Conaill Chernaig, LL 12508. ¤thargair .i. oirchi beg no mesan `i.e. a small hound or lapdog', O'Dav. 1153. Cf. lamtairrṅgir, O'D. 2226 ( Nero A vii, 152b ). ¤thoca. As comic n. pr. Lonidh mac Lamthoca, Anecd. ii 55.x , perh. for ¤thoccad. ¤thomus lit. hand-measurement : tugador dhá fhorghomh . . . do na leabhar-armaibh lámh-thómais with their weapons at arm's length(?), ML 136.7 . ¤thorad handiwork, what is produced by weaving, sewing, etc. as opposed to frithgnam: abras . . . .i. lamt[h]orud inailte, Corm. Y 90 . ben lamtoruid `a woman of profitable handicraft', BCrólige 31 . leath do mnai a etach no lamtorad snithiu handiwork consisting of spun material (of what is due to a woman when separating from husband), Laws ii 372.15 . See Thurn., ZCP xv 340 - 1 . See also sníthe. As comicn. pr.: Lenn ingen Lamthora (Lamthoraid v.l.), Anecd. ii 56.2 . ¤thúag: lámtuag gl. hoc manuale, Ir. Gl. 857 . ¤thort. Fig. of warrior: lamtort n-irgala uae beolaig Bressail, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 22 § 2 . meic Labradha lamhtort n-irghalach, LL 393a54 .

With adjj. (many of the follg. are applied to individuals as sobriquets). ¤daith nimble-handed . Of Cú Chulainn: an lāmdhait[h], Fianaig. 42.y . ¤derg: Lugaid lámderg, MacCarthy 176 § 6 . RC xx 136.20 . Frequ. of Leinster and Leinstermen: ri coicid lámdeirg Lagen, CRR 26.7 . DDána 100.26 . ¤des: Loarn laimdheas, Todd Nenn. cv.z . As n. pr. = Manus Dextera, Reeves Ad. 136.z . ¤dóitech. As comic n. pr.: Lámdóiteach mac Lethircind `Wristy-hand', MacCongl. 77.22 . ¤échtach: Mac Lugach [lámechtach], Acall. 227 . re Lúghaidh lámhéachtaicc Lágha, Flower Cat. 401.z . ¤ḟíal: ó C[h]orc . . . lāimhf[h]īal, Ériu ix 177.4 . ¤ḟind: Lugóir . . . lámfind, LL 2428. As n. pr. Láimhḟionn is Lámhghlas, Keat. ii 523 . ¤ḟota: is hé . . . leithinchind lamfota, TBC-LL¹ 5400. In n.pr. Lug(aid) Lámḟota: airemh Logha Lamhfoda for na Fomhoraibh, TBC St. 570. As nickname: Osbrit lamfota, BDD 116 . ¤gel: Lughach laimgheal, Duan. F. ii 72 § 22. Fiachaidh láimh-gheal, ML 86.24 . ¤garb: Mani L., RC xiv 426.10 = xxiv 276.16 . ¤gerrtha: laochraidh láimh-ghearrtha, TSh. 6610 . ¤glan: a degmic lāmglain Lūachāin, BColm. 50.17 . ¤glas: Láimhḟionn is Lámhghlass, Keat. ii 523 . ¤grod: go lámh-ghrod dian, Oss. iv 132.22 . ¤idan: d'Aengus Laimhiodhan, Anecd. ii 37 § 2 . ¤licthe: nadh bi lamlicthi (of a food-rent), O'Curry 880 ( H 3.18, 393b ). ¤nertmar: go m-biadh sé láimhneartmhar go leor, Oss. iii 268.19 . ¤rúad: Lugaid Lamruad, RC xx 136.24 . ¤thapaid: ina laem loinrech lasamain lamthapaid, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . go leidhmheach lámhtapaidh, AFM vi 2072.15 . ¤thenn: fear láimh-theann, Oss. iv 110.2 . ad lamchara laímhtheanna . . . bar trenmilídh, BB 419a25 .

With vb. gaibid in artificial formation: nondalámgaba gl. mancipare, Ml. 43a2 .

lamaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lamaid or dil.ie/29517
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ro-laimethar, ro-laumur, ru-laimur, ro-lomur, -lomur, -lamur, -lamaim, ro-laimethar, laimeda[r], -lomethar, -lamether, lamar, rolaimther, -laimter, -laimir sni, laimimmir-sni, ro-laimemmar, -laimemmar, -lamam, rolaimid, lib, -lamatar, -lamatar, -lilmatar, laimetar, laimed, -lamad, -laimtis, laimtís, -laimthea, -lamth, llámar, lama, lámathair, -laimemar, no-lamad, lammis, laimmais, -linfaithir, ro-t-lemathar, -lémaither, -lémthar, -lemthar, lemtha, lāmair, lámair, lamair, rolamar, rolet, laimed, -lamad, rolamad, laimheōbhainn, láimheóbhainn, lam, leoimh, lamsat, léiten(a), lamachtain

v O. Ir. ro-laimethar (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 560 - 1 , Wortk. 179. Celt. Verb 168 - 9 . For instances of non-use of preverb in early period see GOI p. 351 ). The early rhyme lámur: águr cited Wortk. from Ériu i 70 is doubtful, as the MS. has lamur and there is already an internal rhyme in the couplet. Later confused with lámaid (see lámaigid). Ind. pres. 1 s. ro-laumur, Wb. 17a8 . ru-laimur, c21 . ro-lomur, Ml. 21b5 . -lomur, Trip. 166.2 . -lamur, SR 1259. -lamaim, BDD² 1500. 3 s. ro-laimethar, Wb. 5a15 , 9c3 . na (leg. r-a-) laimeda[r] , 17c19 . -lomethar, BDD² 1207. -lamether (-laimethar, LU), TBC-I¹ 1052 . pass. lamar, Laws i 96.18 Comm . rolaimther, Metr. Dinds. iii 14.168 . -laimter, BCrólige 34 . 1 p. -laimir sni, Wb. 15c20 (leg. laimimmir-sni? note). ro-laimemmar, 15c19 , -laimemmar, 17b8 . -lamam, BColm. 96.15 . 2 p. rolaimid, Metr. Dinds. iii 286.2 . 3 p. ní lib matar (leg. -lamatar, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii p. 560 ; -lamatar or -lilmatar, Thes. ii 236 n. k ), Ml. 69b3 . Ipv. 1 s. ? laumur, Celtica ix 157.44 . 3 p. na laimetar , Ml. 60d6 . Impf. 3 s. na laimed , LL 8875. -lamad, Fing. R. 667. 3 p. -laimtis, Sc.M² 20 . na laimtís , LL 8472. pass. -laimthea, LU 4213. -lamth, LL 22062. Subj. pres. 1 s. ro llámar , Sg. 171b1 . rom lama , LL 284a17 . ni . . . lámathair , LU 3895 ( SCC 40 ). 1 pl. -laimemar, Ériu ii 118 § 55. Subj. impf. 3 s. no-lamad, LU 8203 ( FB 15 ). 1 p. ro lammis , Fél. 27. July 25 . laimmais, TBC-LL¹ 1193. Perh. originally with redupl. fut. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 561 , who discusses the form lib matar quoted above, -linfaithir, TBC-I¹ 706 , and forms of con-laimethar (q.v.). Later with ē-fut. 3 s. ro-t-lemathar, FB 33 Eg. -lémaither, LU 5185. pass. -lémthar, MU² 560 ( LL 266a27 ). -lemthar, RC vi 176.78 . Condit. pass. lemtha, ZCP i 104.19 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. lāmair, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18 § 19 . ro lámair , LU 9168 ( FB 90 ). Fél. Prol. 58. ? lamair, MU² 114. rolamar, LU 5121. Pass. rolet, O'Dav. 1196 . ro laimed , O'Curry 257 ( H 3.18, 149 ). -lamad, Ériu ii 180.17 . rolamad, Arch. Hib. ii 63 § 64. For later forms see IGT Verbs § 24. Note also: Indic. pres. 1 s. leimhuim, Párl. na mB. 3716 . 3 s. -lam, Ériu iii 145 § 23 . -laim, ZCP iii 206.9 . Condit. 1 s. laimheōbhainn, Parrth. Anma 6319. láimheóbhainn, Desid. 1312 (`formed as if from lámhaigh', O'Rahilly, Gloss.). Pret. and perf. 3 s. ro lam , Fing. R. 28 . leoimh, Oss. iv 220.15 . 3 p. ros lamsat , LL 17685.

Vn. léiten(a), lamachtain.

Dares, ventures .

(a) With direct object. Of persons: co narlamad hē ō Boind co Sinaind `so that he was not dared', Ériu ii 180.17 . lāmair lergga / lāna slōig slōgidach . . . Laigniu Labraid `der kriegliebende Labraid wagte sich an Hügelseiten voller Kriegsscharen . . . an die Männer von Leinster,' Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18 § 19 . iat is airthech ar cech slúag / ná rolaimther a marc-ṡlúag `none dare assail', Metr. Dinds. iii 14.168 . níslaimed turbaid ar bith (:gaibed) dared not touch them, 164.9 . lamair Lorcán he took in hands Lorcan, Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 32 . lemthai gach aen ┐ ni lema aen sib `defy', Aen. 2453 . ro lamsat gach dine in dream, BB 51a25 . ag laechaib ni lemthar `heroes will not defy him', RC vi 176.78 . cech saer noslēma / ar lár a t[h]īre, ZCP viii 110.29 . an lāmh nach lamhar, O'R. Poems 1062.

With non-personal object: ni laimter arratas ar cin a leten `that one dare not [assume] responsibility', BCrólige 34 . ro mac laog Lethdergain lamair / nale lend eiredh (with tmesis), LL 393a45 . aire níslaimed (ni lamadh, v.l.) nech de / acht Nechtain 's a deogbaire `none of them dared to approach it', Metr. Dinds. iii 30.49 . co ná fil tís fo gréin grinn / rolamad cís ar Cairind who would dare lay tribute on Cairenn, Ériu iv 98 § 25 . daingen nar lamhadh le neimh `never assailed by violence', ZCP x 34.24 . nathair neimnech nā lam nech `whom none dares', Ériu iii 145 § 23 . na lemhtar athcath `no second . . . conflict will be dared', CCath. 5057. Críst cen chin / ná ro lámur (lamur, MS.) tríst a ben whose curse I do not risk, Ériu i 70.4 . cia do lémadh an éigean sin, CF² 441 . sreab leis nār lamhadh `a stream that he did not venture (to approach)', O'R. Poems 879 . uain sgíosa ní lamhthair liom, Aithd. D. 51.13 . fuinn leathna ar nach lamhair cion `unchallengeable', 16.7 . Cf. cia ro batar smachta mara and, no ce ro laimead .iiii. la imbed na hindile, O'Curry 257 ( H 3.18, 149b ). With vn. or vn. phrase: ni rabi la Ultu fer no lamad a n-etargaire who would dare to intervene between them, LU 8208 ( FB 15 ). ni rabai . . . fer no lámad (lamad MS.) a thabairt dó, TBFr. 231 = fer rolamud claidim dó, ZCP iv 40.22 . cipé da mbad áil a acallaim in ríg, ní lémthar, MU² 560 . ni lamad cor de, LU 726 ( ACC 41 ). rolaimid a lomthúr `you dare to lay bare its origin' (of name Sinann), Metr. Dinds. iii 286.2 . an tan rob-som Cernach-som (leg. robsat cernach-su) ni lemtha techt [t]ar do ráthaigecht `no one would have dared to violate thy guarantee', ZCP i 104.19 . cona laimthi de d'faicsin so that they did not dare allow smoke to be seen, Leb. Gab.(i) 76.16 . nach lémadh beith i bféin Fhinn / gilla nach tibredh uirrim, Acall. 1444 . ni lamad nech tenid d'ḟatód, LB 26bx . ni lamhann (sic leg.) breac snámh ag sioc (: abhann), Rel. Celt. ii 240.4 . nī lamaim . . . richtain chuice, ZCP vii 306.19 . nāch mō lēmad tocht na cceand, viii 224 § 28 . ní lémha a lámhugad, SG 24.7 . With cen: gan luighe leam nī lémha, O'R. Poems 886. Note also: nocho laimtis ara cuirtis isin caladh they did not dare enter the harbour, Anecd. i 71 § 190 . With agaid and lám: nachar' lam duine lamh ann so that no one dared (to put) a hand on him, Fier. 11 . nar lamhsatt G. adhaig ar tír, Stair Erc. 1546. nocho lamthar lám 'na sgíath (: gabthar), ZCP viii 228 § 25.

(b) Folld. by prep. AR (FOR): laech forsnālamt[h]er a formidable warrior, ZCP iii 46.18 . ? gach dé ar a léamhthaoi `which could be attempted', Aithd. D. 50.4 . With other prepp.: seanchaidi . . . frisin lámmais (lammais, YBL, lemais, LL) ailgi choimgni `to whom we could entrust', Ériu iv 144.5 . ? ni lim lámathair, LU 3895 ( SCC 40 ).

Used absolutely: ma ro lóidib lammis (with tmesis) `if we dare in lays', Fél. Feb. 27 , glossed lamais nomen poeta[e], Fél.² xlv.x , whence lamais .i. fili, O'Cl. cech slúagh nach saigthech bíd secc / laimther is ní laimet `men dare, they dare not', Metr. Dinds. iii 24.320 . derb leis rolamsadur / in lucht ba lia the numerous host defied, Lec. 171a14 = rolamhusan, ZCP viii 206.19 . acht nat laimemar `save that we dare not', Ériu ii 118 § 55. Cf. let .i. linge ut est ro let letenaib nithu ar maignib eccne .i. ro linged uirre co lamtinach tre nith gur himre[d] eccin uirre a maigin, O'Dav. 1196.

Somet. with long -á- (cf. lám, lámaigid): ni ro lámda[i]s a marbad, Rawl. 73b32 . coin ┐ cuanarta nach lámhthar do lámhúghadh, ML 136.19 .

2 lín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 lín or dil.ie/30234
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: lined

n o, n. (Lat. linum ?). Note also g s. lined, LB 129a5 . m., IGT Decl. § 96.

I linen, cloth, thread : bar ar slegaib . . . go suanemnaib l.¤ lanchatut indi, TBC-LL¹ 3572 . línanarta l.¤ lángela, 5045 . lin a linio (leg. lino), Corm. Y 822 , with which compare: in-étgud, ephud lineo (:gleo), SR 6206 = efud lined, LB 129a5 . co caslaib l.¤ gil impu, LU 1971 ( FA 4 ). cassal l.¤ gil, Ériu ii 204.6 . cuicel lin, Laws i 152.16 Comm . ro héted . . . ó etach l.¤ gil he, PH 470 . ross is ael is lin lanchuir `flax thread of full twist' (materials of Nimrod's Tower), Auraic. 297 . cubat do lénid l.¤ / im chorpán cach duine díb, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 15 . do ghabhdar na fóirne . . . lámha um na leabharliontaibh (-t[h]eduib, ML² 684 ) `long flaxen ropes', ML 46.24 . ceand l.¤ end of flaxen rope (?), IGT Decl. ex. 510 . cuirfidh an sagart a chualaidh l.¤ uime, Levit. vi 10.

II Of the crop flax, plant of flax : cuscuta .i. in claman lin dodder, ACL i 328 § 81 . a scuapaib lin, Laws ii 372.17 . flesc lin .i. da flescther in lin, i 152.15 Comm . an tan loisgthear an líon lais, TSh. 419 . do búaileadh an líon ┐ an eórna, Exodus ix 31 . do fholuigh íad lé loirgnibh l.¤ , Joshua ii 6. See also barrach.

Of other plants, see Hog. Luibhl.

III

(a) fishing-net: l.¤ gl. rete, Sg. 46b2 . cenelae lin gl. cassis, 24b2 . mocol l.¤ gl. subtel, PCr. 28b , Sg. 63a12 . lína gl. retia, Ml. 39d17 . l.¤ uiscí gl. rete, Ir. Gl. 863 . im corus l.¤ , Laws i 122.15 . aen-tarraing in lin, v 484.10 Comm . a llos a l.¤ is a craind, LU 3071 ( SG 236.9 ). poni na lína isin usci, ┐ fogebthai bratan indib, Irish Texts i 17.7 . tar mocoll ind l.¤ , RC x 60.13 . lína lána ó uscib, LL 215a28 . oc telach a llin ┐ a chocholl, BB 405.33 ( Dinds. 104 ). l.¤ éisc, RC xiv 44.13 . gan soc[h]ar o linn ag líon, Rel. Celt. ii 238.27 . is slán entarraing nó entadall in lind cid l.¤ gabala `a net of catching', O'Dav. 975 . i líon tarraing 'into the dragnet', Giolla Brighde 56 § 14 . líon breac 'trout-net', Giolla Brighde 56 § 14 . a líon breacraidh 'their trout-net', Giolla Brighde 242 § 24 . l.¤ gabala eisc, Rosa Angl. 78.4 . fear l.¤ fisherman, O'Hara 2650.

(b) hunting-net: glenaid luch inna línsam (of cat), Thes. ii 293.20 . lína fíadaigh, Acall. 4424 . do chóirig a línta, 4428 . .l. lín fri haige altai, SCano 9 .

Of spider's web: líon an damháin ealluidh, Mac Aingil 2146 . coimtiugh re l.¤ an damain allaid, Rosa Angl. 78.6 .

(c) In fig. uses: is hed isin a llínn ingaib diabul peccatores gl. in laqueum diabuli, Wb. 29b19 . lin mbretheman .i. faill ┐ elgnais, O'Curry 618 ( H 3.18, 299 ). do-gabais al-l.¤ diabuil . . . he, PH 7708 . is l.¤ do ḟastad (of Hell), ZCP iv 243.10 . am lion tarla an file féin, IGT Decl. ex. 1151 . an líon tarraing i dtá sinn (of sin) drag-net, DDána 57.3 (= IGT Decl. ex. 367 ). ata an conach ina ghaisti ┐ ina lin ac an Diabhal a timchill luchta in chonaic fein, ITS xxix 147.15 . do chuir líon ngráidh ar ghabhlaibh `love-net' (Notes), Butler Poems 1989 . iomdha líon do hinnleadh uirre, DDána 32.20 .

Of relationship of Christ and saints: gabhtar leis i n-a líon sealga / San Clára fa gloine gníomh, PBocht 1 . ll.¤ ní fríoth ar feadh an domain / id chorp ionnraic óghamhail / nó gur hinnleadh a líon lais / a dhíol d'innbhear it éagmhais (of Mary), DDána 6.40 . leathan a líon, PBocht 2.11 .

In sense of protecting net : fillidh umam líon gach laoi, Dán Dé ix 12 . Of gospel: conostuicce tre l.¤ intṡoscelai dochum púirt bethad, Trip. 28.6 .

Compds. With nouns: ¤anart linen cloth : l. altóra, SG 38.21 . hi linannart brond Maire (of Christ), Thes. ii 252.10 . imsciṅg linanairt gil, TFerbe 407 . tabair dam in l. imu-m chend, PH 1871 . ¤barr linen headdress, veil : línbarr .i. caille gela, O'Dav. 1149 . ¤brat linen cloth : na línbroit, na hanartai, SR 5972 . gor bo lion-brat ledarach . . . ceinn-berti . . . gacha curad `a piece of linen', MR 266.25 . cach teg ar arabi tuigi . . . atrochair na linbrattaib dermáraib de `in immense flakes', MU 26.10 ( MU² 498 ). ? ¤chor see linchor, lingar. ¤étach linen, linen cloth : imarcraid línédaig 'ma cennuib ┐ 'ma muinelaib (of turbans), Maund. 49 . lé línédach mín ó nÉgipt, Proverbs vii 16 . Linéudach Ueronica, Parrth. Anma 5582. ¤ḟolt: lín-folt (lindfolt, LU) find forordae fair `flaxen hair', BDD 75 . ¤ḟuathróc linen apron : gabais . . . línfhuathróicc tís imme, MacCongl. 63.3 . ¤gort flax-field (as humorous n.pr.): Lene ingen Linghuirt, Anecd. ii 56.2 . ¤phaitt fig. of cow's udder: ccc. bo cranda co lin[n]paitib dubodraib, Dinds. 46 . linpaite 'na ngablaib, Metr. Dinds. iii 220.45 . ¤scóit (see scót) linen cloth, sheet: do cheangail do linscoid gil ┐ da adnaic he, YBL 145b51 = PH 2916 . da thaisbean damsa in linscoit do chuiris mo cholaind (of shroud of Christ), YBL 148b7 . atnagur línscóiti bá chend Cathail `linen sheets', MacCongl. 103.15 . ba baine linscoit lenead arna langlanad `as white as the linen of a smock', TTebe 480 . línsgoit a léned, Acall. 3710 v.l. Cf. ba baine ┐ linsccoidh láinnithe (líonsgoth lainfighthi v.l.), Ériu iv 50.14 .

With adjj.: ¤glan white as linen : leathanucht líonghlan, Hackett xxxix 253 . ¤gortach pertaining to a flax-field. As sobriquet: Lene ingen Lingortaig, Anecd. ii 56. 2 n. .

1 lúath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lúath or dil.ie/30854
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: imlúaith, imluath

adj o,ā. Cf. n s m. imlúaith (: Cruaich), LL 1397 (cruach: imluath, v.l., ITS xli 234 ).

Quick, swift : fo bés srotha luaith, Wb. 32c16 . ar uscib lūathaib, Hy. vi 16 . loṅga lúatha, Fél. Sept. 9 . goetha luatha, FA 30 (LB). a haisdear ni luath, Magauran 1036 . frasa . . . luatha . . . d'armuibh, Comp. CC 126.15 . dá súil lúatha Loingsecháin, BS 44.12 . Of animals: ech . . . luath, LU 8659 ( FB 49 ). lúatha coin dod-repnadar, BDD² 1515 . da n-ag lúatha, TBC-LL¹ 1324 . loscind luatha, BB 240a44 . In more abstract applications: ber na bretha lūatha ūd do chāch, ZCP xiii 179.7 (see below under compds.). i bhfeirg nar luath `not fickle in anger', Magauran 124 . Cf. also: Aifreann luath `an early Mass', O'Hara 4081 . im Shuibhne luath ar buaireamh céille atáim mad, Hackett xix 5 .

In adverbial use quickly, hence also soon, immediately, instantly: dobert doíri forsna Laigniu / luath atchiam, LL 4900 . is toich no is luath toibgit na sofir a ferann, Laws iv 2.5 Comm . Loch Gili as luath do linged. Irish Texts ii 13 § 24. for l.¤ , Fing. R. 320 (ar, co, v.l.) (see Notes). ticed co l.¤ , LU 3660 ( SCC 32 ). co l.¤ , SR 5978 . tair co luath asin sruth immediately, MacCarthy 66.5 . atracht a bas co luath, Lat. Lives 67.4 . rithidh go luath, TSh. 10331 . seal go luath ┐ seal go mall (of the pulse), 1656 .

Equative: lasar thened luathaigther (sic MS.) athach ngáithe, RC xii 426 § 10 . luaithir bogsimhin ar lár srotha, Comp. CC 102.18 . lūaithit[h]ir fīamain, Corm. Y 1059. lúaithigthir fíamuin, BDD² 1340 (altered from luaithir, Gloss., luaithidir, v.l. p. 64 ). lúathidir gaíth n-erraig, LU 3809 ( SCC 37 ). luathither lochait iar forgarmain, Corm. 36.45 . lúathidir rothán ṁbúaled, LU 7542 ( BDD 107 ). luathidir ruathur funemda, Ériu iv 30.3 .

Compar.: ni ra lúathiu na nóecharptig anda in triar de choiss, TBC-LL¹ 5876 . am lūaithe nā crand fri sruth, ACL iii 233 § 6 . dothoet C. fa chēttōir co Temraigh ┐ robtar luaithi rāngator techta Uladh sooner, ZCP xiv 223.4 . atbert Cruind . . . ba lúaithiu a ben, Metr. Dinds. iv 126.36 . is luaithiu gabas nech tuinidi gl. aitheam = áithem, Laws iv 2.10 Comm . (see Celtica vi 221 ). indas is luathi oltás amal dogním-sea more quickly than I do, PH 4135 . luaithe íad go tech Temrach / ná Ó Ruairc 'sa ro-thecchlach earlier (they came) to . . . , BNnÉ 289.11 . luaithe ná líonadh na mara / maidhm an díomais ag drud ria, PBocht 8.6 . toil a fhaghbhala nis luaighe (viz. death), ITS xxix 194.6 . Adverbially before (in time): ní is lúaithi na rucadh Iosyas `before I. was born', Maund. 110. Cf. gach ní tig ó ní oile, as luaithe bhíos an ní ó ttig ann inā é i.e. exists before it, Parrth. Anma 1229. Of wish, intention (cf. Engl. sooner, rather): gurab luaithi d'fuileon[g]adh bota pilēr do dhēnamh 'ná thiocfadh go Cōigeadh Uladh san chonvae sin, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 32.16 . is luaithe d'fhuileongainn bás ioná d'aontóchainn dhóibh I would rather suffer death, Donlevy 418.5 . achd gu madh luaithe dhiongnas saothar let him rather labour, Ephes. iv 28. In phr. mar as lúaithe (sense of superl.?) as soon as: do eirigh an maccamh mar as luaithe adubradh sin, BNnÉ 115.23 . mar is luaithi moitheochair na drochsmuaintighthi, ITS xxix 195.20 . With DE: nosnaltatar for feolaib maccoem mbec, ardāig comad luathite a forbairt that she might grow the more quickly, Ériu iii 138.82 . comad luathaide do soisdís a feich dḟeichemain toichida `that the plaintiff might the more readily recover his debts', Laws iii 152.12 Comm . ionnus gurab luathaide do fhásfadh é, Keat. ii 4906 . gurab luathaide ghuidheas an eaglais ar an marbh, TSh. 5197.

Superl. In LL adverbially and apparently in sense of compar.: cid ellom condranic cách, luaithium conarnic Fergus, TBC-LL¹ 1035 . cid l.¤ condránic in gilla luathiu[m?] con arnic Cu Ch., 1421 . luathium luis Goll a láma (i.e. more quickly than his adversary), LL 12705. The forms lúadem, LL 572 and in: Life, luathem a linne (`swiftest his waters'), Metr. Dinds. ii 82.43 are perh. rather 1 pl. of 1 lúaidid, q.v.

As subst.: a ingen, a lúath, a láeb, a Leborcham 'o girl, o swift one, o crooked one, o Leborcham', Tall. Étair 47.130 .

As n.pr.: S. mac Luaith, AU i 222.10 . Lurgu mac Lúaith lasar-deirg, Metr. Dinds. iv 122.10 .

Very frequent in composition. In the follg. lists compounds where l.¤ is used mainly for alliteration and / or rhyme have not been fully listed.

(a) With nouns. ? ¤áirem: each da bo . . . luathairem ar aird eamain, Laws v 66.19 . ¤breith: gan luaithbhreith without rash judgement, Content. xiv 32 . na beir luaithbhreith ar leithscél, Acall. 1414 . ¤cháin: mac dia tibrat laeich lūathchāin ready tribute, BColm. 6.21 . ¤chles: luathchleas seannuig, Párl. na mB. 2367 (assonating with cuach). Cf. lúth compds. ¤chor: foceird . . . lūathchor dá sūil isin tigh a rapid glance, ZCP v 501.26 . ¤chride: luathchride gl. cardiacus, Thes. ii 231.10 . ¤chúaird: ro lá mo súilse lúathchuaird I glanced rapidly around it, LU 7071 ( BDD 73 ). ¤éc: mortlaid . . . .i. luath-écai . . . .i. mortluath . . . luath .i. bás, Hy. v 12 gl. 24 . ¤ḟoibirt see fópairt (c). ¤gol: mná uaisle ag luathghol ar shráidibh weeping copiously, Keat. Poems 479 . ¤grinde: in luathgrinde áigh ┐ irgaile `swift phalanx' (Gloss.), Acall. 2819 . 4417 . ¤guin: nert a luathguinib, Acall. 4740 . ¤immáin: luath-ímana so sis, ┐ imana indligtheacha, Laws v 138.9 Comm . (introducing a list of punishable `drivings'). ¤lasair: luadfit lergga luathlasra fiercely flaming, SR 8207. ? ¤mag: cia ghébus Laigniu a lluathmaig / tacair [cruai]d tria báig, SG 382.24 . ? ¤rann: Mag Li luatraind, Mag Lathraind, Leb. Gab.(i) 62.8 . luathrainn .i. luaittear a rannaibh, O'Cl. ¤réim: ina luaithréim `on his rapid progress', AFM v 1820.2 . ¤tinól: forfuair do A. in luathtinol sa do dénum, Alex. 77.

Rarely with noun forming adjectival compd. ¤enech: gripp lepp luathaineach / liath luath loscael, IT iii 43 § 56. Cf. also LU 3382 - 3 printed Labraid Lúathlám ar claideb, SCC 17 `Swift-Hand-on-Sword', SGS vii 54 (cf. BDD² 269 cited s.v. luïd.).

(b) With adjj. In dvandva-compds. (the available exx. all show alliteration). ¤adbal: ina lasrachaibh . . . luathaidhbhle, ML 84.12 . ¤athlam: muineadha loma luath-athlomha, 84.23 . ¤bras: ín gres luighthi co luath-bras, Acall. 818 `rashly and perfunctorily', SG ii 121 . ¤lom: eclach siden luathlom lísta lurgan-breac , BB 257b7 . ¤mer: ina laemannaib . . . luath-mera, MR 222.23 .

With adjj. formed from nouns: ¤aicentach: claochlódh corrach . . . luath-aigeantach, TSh. 1662 . ¤basach see lúthbasach. ¤béimennach: Laegaire Lúathbémandach, Fianaig. 70.7 . ¤fasaig see lúthbasach. ¤gonach: an laech . . . luath-ghonach, MR 278.24 . lúathghuineach, Duan. F. ii 44 § 48 . ¤léimnech: ech . . . lúathlemnech, LU 6489 ( TBC-I¹ 1975 ). ¤ṡíntech: in lann . . . luath-shintech `quick-striking', MR 300.8 . ¤ṡúilech quick-eyed: na bí gaireachtach na luath-shúileach indti = non oculos circumferas (i.e. at prayer), ITS xxix 198.9 .

(c) With verbs. ¤báidid: romarb, roloisc, roluabhaídh, MacCarthy 412.8 . ¤brisid: roluathbrisedur a longa, Ériu viii 18.z . ¤éirgid: roluatheirghidar na tonda `swiftly uprose', Ériu iii 156 § 9 . ¤gaibid: and rolúath-gab cen lumma / draic úathmar fili sunna, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.19 . ¤lonnaigid: do luath-lonnaigh im Conall trias[n]a haithesgu sin C. flew into a passion. ZCP xiv 258.17 . ¤marbaid: ro luathmarbad . . . na tri cét fer, Acall. 7868 . ¤medraid: ro luath-meadrad in saermiled, MR 230.25 .

With vnn. ¤ḟácbáil: Luimnech do luathfhacbail to leave L. quickly, Caithr. CC 8 . ¤gorad: dia fúair L. luathgorud, LL 4162 ( RC xxiii 316.2 ). ¤letrad: robo imda laoch 'na ligu iarna luathledradh, LL 408a52 (= TTr. 2230 ). ¤répad: ac loscad ┐ ac luathrébad críchi Cuailgne, Comp. CC 82.19 .

ninach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ninach or dil.ie/33191
Last Revised: 2019

o, ā. adj. (? cf. 4 nin) perh. vaulted, canopied (of the sky); having a roof or top (of gallows), ZCP xxviii 254-55 .

(a) epithet of the sky: nem ninach ` delightful (?)', Fél. Prol. 108 ; in LB glossed .i. gablach (forked?) ( Fél.² p. xxiv ). ninach .i. brecht, ut dixit poeta . . . for neam ninach nélach, Fél.² p. lxvi ( Mar. 31 ), i.e. many-hued, changeful? ar neam nóemdai ninach (.i. taitnemach), ib., i.e. shining? nem ninach .i. neam nēlach cloudy, BB 301a31 (the gl. may be due to association of the two epithets in poetry, see second ex. above). ticfa nel derg teinntide | a túaisciurd nime ninaig, SR 8026.

(b) epithet of gallows: croch nínach Anissi `fork-shaped', Fél. Mar. 31 (glossed .i. glacach, ut dicitur nin garmna .i. ginol .i. ol ginach na garmna, Fél.² p. lxvi ); the MSS. seem to read ninach without accent.

nionach .i. áoibhinn; nionach .i. glacach, reannach nō beannach nō breac , O'Cl. P. O'C. (glosses prob. speculative, Hull, ZCP xxviii 255 ). See also McManus, Ériu xxxix 152 .

óen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. óen or dil.ie/33512
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: óen, oín, oena, aine, oina, oína, oen, aen, én, éin, aon, oen, oinaidaircechu, oinbenchu, oinchosaig

num. adj. and pron. óen, Sg. 201a11 , Wb. 4d21 (oén). oín, Ml. 90d1 , Sg. 162b1 and in compds. (Ml. and Wb.). g s f. oena, Sg. 203a26 . aine, BCr. 31c4 (pron.). a p m. oina, Ml. 70a4 (adj.); oína, ib. (pron.). Mid.Ir. oen , later aen; in compds. often én- or (before palatal vowel in follg. syll.) éin-. Mod. aon.

I As num. adj. one .

(a) absol.: oen .i. un ab eo quod est unus , Corm. Y 1001. a hoen, a dó, a trí, SR 741. a n-oén ar fichit it tri secht són the twenty-one, Ml. 2d2 (treated as neut.).

As pred. with cop.: is oín hua tinscanat, ni oín hi foircniter (i.e. they begin but do not end with the same letter), Sg. 162b1 . Generally in sense unique: Brigtae ba hóen a amra, Hy. v 43 (`B's miracle was unique', Thes.). int Imblech . . . is oin ina erdarcus I. is unapproached in fame, Bruchst. i § 145 ( Ann. Inisf. 742 ). a Flaith na naem, robo aen do chaemh thy loved one had no equal (?), ACL iii 298 § 70.

(b) attrib., rarely follg. noun (this construction seems con- fined chiefly to expressions of time): dia oin `ein einziger Gott', Ält. Ir. Dict. ii 10 § 5 (oen, aon MSS.). Moin oin `M. der einzige', ib. § 1 . as athair aen dan in coibche sin `it is to the father alone this nuptial present is due' (?), Laws iv 60.12 . luid in gilla lathi óen and one day, LL 51b2 . laa n-oen and, IT i 122.19 . PH 74. fec[h]t n-oen ann, IT i 136.17 .

(c) generally preceding noun, forming a compd. and re- maining indeclinable, one, a single . Lenites follg. cons. and often prefixes t- to s. (When the noun is folld. by prep. ar and a multiple of 10, oen is freq. omitted: bó ar fhichit = oenbhó ar fh. twenty-one cows.) cid oín dune (gl. nemo), Ml. 33c12 . ma tecmadh secht tengt[h]a i cinn aenduine, ZCP viii 111.20 . ildáni do óenfiur . . . óendán do sochuidi, Wb. 11a16 . triar, óenfer (of the Trinity), Hy. v 18. in días do gabáil immón n-óenfer, FB 15. comland oenfir single combat, Ériu i 114 § 1. eirge athlamh aeinfir rising quickly as one man, CCath. 4436 , cf. ZCP xiii 205.1 (where read: aoinfir). fer oínsétche du-nar- ructhæ act oentuistiu a man of one wife to whom only one child has been born, Thes. ii 241.9 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). Echaid Oenáu (= one-eared), Trip. 126.18 . Eochaidh aonshula of the one eye, ML 86.23 . ro sníastar ar oenchois ┐ ar oenláim ┐ oensúil, TBC-LL¹ 564. ba hoinlebor leo int saltair they considered the Psalter a single book, Hib. Min. 2.56 . Lugid Macnía (.i. oenainm), ZCP viii 312.5 (i.e. Macnía is a single word, a name not a patronymic). oen-chailech indises Matha . . . a dō indises Lucas, PH 5219. ind aenailidh dún ar ttriur | is aenbla lin dar ar cend we three shall be in one grave with one shroud about us, Anecd. ii 30 § 4. hi curach óenseiched of one hide, Trip. 222.11 . oín fecht once, Ml. 138b8 . oin[ḟ]echt, 34a9 . du intiuch oín lai a journey of one day, 140a1 . oigreadh éntráith ice of twenty-four hours, Ériu iv 218.16 . bás aonuaire `instant', Keat. iii 2272. ata oenní ocund do denam `I have one expedient', PH 1192. cidh énní dhibh a single item, Laws ii 156.3 Comm.

Often used to strengthen cech (cach): ni choemsaitis . . . cech oenfochraic dib d'aisnes, SR 520. cech laithi, cech óenbliadain, 1458 . mórfessiur . . . oc cor cacha hóenslaite, FB 2. gulban cach óen-eóin, Metr. Dinds. iii 258.26 . tri mile ceol . . . cacha henchlaisi, RC xxvi 146.7 .

Used to emphasize a follg. superlative: issí in dictatoirecht éncéim ba huaisle buí occo, CCath. 95.

The numeral often appears superfluous: teuir oenaidchi three nights, Thes. ii 291.6 ( Ml. Poems i 2 ). co n-accai ni . . . .i. in n-aenmnaí for fertais in charpait a woman, TBC-LL¹ 201. co cualaid gul na henmna a woman's weeping, RC v 201.6 . coic oinfissigh five searchers, Duan. F. i 45.5 . Esp. with nouns denoting number like días: toirmeasc itan eindeisi quenching the thirst of two, Ériu iv 224.6 . dochuaidh T. entriar marcach tarsa with three horsemen, AFM iii 576.4 . oen-ocht ṁbliadan, LL 181b22 ( Arch. Hib. ii 49 ).

Such compds. are used in pl. without inflexion of óen: óenlitrib, gl. singulis litteris, Sg. 28a12 . frisna hoen n-apstal déc eleven, PH 5123. tri cét fer for oencosaib ┐ for oenlamaib ┐ aensuilib `each using only one leg', Dinds. 41 ( RC xv 431 w ). dariachtadar óendóene d'Ultaib . . . d'fórithin Conculaind .i. Senal U. ┐ dā mac Gégge a few individuals, TBC-LL¹ 4205. rosiachtadar aendhaíne asin máidm sin, Alex. 291. ra étlaitis . . . ar oenḟeraib one by one, LL 268b26 ( MU 44 ). go n-imthightís na haonmhna Erind women used to traverse Ireland alone, AFM ii 1164.4 .

(d) used before noun in sense only : ni óentorbe doraricc dún not merely one profit, Wb. 19b23 . ba hed a n-oínbiad isin díthrub (= de mannae cibo solitario), Ml. 97d8 . bá hóenglunn dó sercc di mnai a brathar his only crime, IT i 121.3 . Tomas . . . is e oendiscipul nā boi imalle frisna hapstalu, PH 6728. énmac Dé, Ériu iv 114 § 17. Domnall . . . enrí Teftha sole king, RC xviii 18.1 . enrige in domain sole (undivided) sove- reignty, Alex. 114. se oenur 's a óenben his wife, SR 1888. Findabair d'óenmnaí F. as a wife, TBC-LL¹ 3031. mad ben tsaor í, biadh 'na henmnáoi agam, ZCP i 125.1 . tene an aonbeime [na n-oenbeim v.l.] .i. Aodh (i.e. one who strikes but once?), Anecd. ii 52.1 .

(e) unique, without equal, peerless : eirr óengaile, LU 10356. 'con óengabaind na hElgca Elg's foremost smith, Ériu iv 108 y . ar muin meicc óenfir Hérenn of Erin's chief, 102 § 43. oen- guinid Cilli Darae, ZCP ix 169.16 . Cf. TBC-LL¹ 5375. oenoinmit fer nErenn the greatest fool, Ériu v 28.2 . Tomaltach . . . enbranan cloinne Maolruanaidh `chief hero', AFM iii 150.2 . aenollam na nGaedhel, RC xviii 191.8 .

(f) often the same (= Lat. idem); in this sense declined in Glosses. inna oena méite (gl. tantidem), Sg. 203a26 . inna oína oina-sa (gl. hos eosdem), Ml. 70a4 . Cf. Wb. 5d1 . ni tre oínmetur ro ceta [int ṡailm], Hib. Min. 6.182 . aensmacht ar cach ceathra the same `smacht'-fine, Laws iv 104.24 . bid grád n-oenfir forra they shall all have the same rank, Trip. 152.22 (= in pari habendos respectu, Colg.). ac oenmummib daronsat ceirdgnimrada gaile the same instructresses, TBC-LL¹ 3006. fer oentreue dō fellow-tribesman, PH 75. d'a fir aencluichi nō aentighe as his playmate or housemate, CCath. 2432 , cf. 644 . ni uīth cuit don m[n]ai . . . a n-oentig aithigh tighi, Cáin Ad. § 2 . t'fhear êanaoise thy coeval, Dán Dé xvii 3. in tan do bamar-ne ag aenfoghlaim gaiscidh learning . . . together, ZCP x 304.29 . clanna ar saor, meic ar moghadh | dheit . . . fá énomhan `united in fear', Studies 1921, 75.4 . ata sinne . . . dh'aoinchreidimh ┐ dh'aontsacramuintibh one in faith and sacraments, Luc. Fid. 378.7 .

Similarly in a number of stereotyped adverbial phrases: i n-ait . . . oenbaili in one place, together ; ó oenbél (-guth) with one voice, unanimously ; for oenchoí on one path = to- gether ; d'oendán (lit. `of one profession') united, in concert : co ndernsat caratrad do beth d'oeṅdhán i cend Aristobuil, LB 140a15 = Todd Lect. vi 76 z (see SGS i 30 ); d'oenláim in co-operation, in concert , LB 140a16 (d'én- laim); i n-oenḟecht simultaneously ; d'oentoíb together ; i n- oenuair simultaneously , etc.

Folld. by FRI or OCUS (= as): oenfholaid . . . frissin athair of one substance with the Father, PH 177. do laechaib fa óengním ┐ óengaiscid fris féin of the same prowess as himself, FDG 733. i n-énaimsir [f]rium-sa in my time, CCath. 1704. marb a n-aonmhis . . . ocus Fiachra in the same month as F., ZCP xi 44 § 50. sinn d'éinfhine is an t-Airdrí, Dán Dé xv 15. go gcuire ionn i n-aointeach 's an cuire fionn, xiv 26 . Fiach- raidh . . . ó aoinchill ┐ Fiacc from the same church as F., Mart. Don. Oct. 12 ( p. 272 x ). aen .i. inann, O'Dav. 165.

(g) in late Mid. and Mod.Ir. aen (aon) used alone with a noun = any; aen . . . amháin one, a single. The sense any arises naturally from the use of oen in neg. or indef. state- ments. cipe toltnaigfes don chomdid i n-aen-urd díb, PH 4014 . aen cach .i. nech itir ut est: ni aera óen cach he does not satirize any one, O'Dav. 11. ata in t-aenridiri amain agar leonadh uile, ZCP vi 41.30 . en-spirut amhain one spirit, Fl. Earls 136.15 . aointsióth amháin do bheith i nÉirinn uile `general peace', Keat. iii 3135. go mbeidheadh corp na hEagluise ar aonbheusaibh amháin that . . . might follow the same customs, Eochairsg. 5.36 .

II As indef. pron.

(a) one, an individual (declined). ednon óen (gl. ĭdem), Sg. 201a11 , cf. 55b3 and Ml. 70d1 . inunn oín, Ml. 56b1 . cuit inna aine ┐ inna aile, BCr. 31c4 (referring to `prima luna' and `secunda l.' of Lat. text). inna oína oina-sa these same individuals (gl. hos eosdem), Ml. 70a4 . cach oén creitfess hí Crist every one, Wb. 4d21 . fer . . . saiges a chert do cech óen, FB 11. pianad cech oein as dir duit, PH 6599. malarta cech oin olchena the ruin of all, 714 . nach oen déraich a tír any one who deserts his country, Mon. Tall. 17. oenaib. dedaib. tredaib, LL 123a9 .

Folld. by part. gen. or prep.: i ṅ-óen na lith-sa on one of these festivals, Fél. Ep. 20. cotlait . . . i n-oen a mbrug, LL 144b14 . gebid . . . oen na tire, 333a42 , cf. ZCP viii 318.33 . inn-aen na rigbaili romor, CCath. 5824. cech oen uainn each of us, SR 1076. is aen uaib nom-braithfi-sea, PH 2372. oen dona Cristaigib, 1220 . aon don chuideachta, Fl. Earls 36.18 . i n-aghaidh gach aoin againn, Maguires of F. § 88. (This use was prob. at first confined to cases in wh. oen was preceded by cach, cech or folld. by a pers. pron.; with a subst. the older idiom was: fer dena feraib.) In expressions of time: aen na fecht ann once, Ériu v 122.34 . ag siubhal . . aon do laitib one day, BNnÉ 239 § 169. aen na n-oidhche (aen do n-oidchib v.l.) one night, BS 124.21 . aon d'oidhchibh, AFM vi 2280. 23 . Hence the later idiom: aen do lá one day, Ériu iii 150 § 3 ; áon do ló, Ériu v 86.16 ; 96.28 . oen da laí, RC xxiii 396 § 1 (= older lá n-oen).

With art.: in t-oen neamfoitnech nemaicside the One im- passible, invisible , PH 178. Cf. bíaidh solud Israel mar theine ┐ a Aóinnáomhtha mar lasair his Holy One, Isaiah x 17. lé bréithir na n-áon náomhtha of the holy ones, Daniel iv 17 . saor . . . mo aon ó neart an mhadraidh, Psalms xxii 20.

(b) in late Mid. and Mod.Ir. any one , esp. in neg. and indef. sentences: [gnúis] nach obann aon that rejects none, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 4 . atbert N. na ro choemnagair aen do leigen innti that he could not let any one into it, Leb. Gab.(i) i 10.3 . níor bh'uamhan liom aon dom chreich I had no fear of being raided by any one, Ériu i 95.19 . tuc Dia nert . . . duit ná tucad d'áon romad, BNnÉ 7.4 . dá mbiadh i n-a iongnadh ar aon if any one should wonder, Eochairsg. 16.36 . imdeargadh aoin gan adhbhar abuse of any one, Content. xxiv 13.

III Used with prep. in the follg. adverbial phrases: ar oen (fri) together, at the same time (with): cach baili i fagabhar iat araen wherever both are found together, Laws ii 414.9 . mas etarru araen atat buachaili `if the servants belong to them both', 416.11 . céin bemaid araen beó as long as we both live, ZCP iv 239.29 . in mac gēntar uatha ar áen who will be born to them both, viii 113.16 . curab da ndēruib aráen doronadh an loch of the tears they both shed, Maund. 179. dob í inghean Uí N. a máthair ar aon the mother of them both, Maguires of F. § 8. do rithreadar ar aon i n-aoinfheacht (= ambo simul), TSh. 10325 .

With FRI: co tisad ar oen fri Ultu along with, TBC-LL¹ 1477. tanic in rig . . . ┐ in uli shacart ar oen fris, PH 2159. an ccéin báoi ar aon léa anam `so long as he lived along with his soul' (? as long as body and soul were together), ZCP i 64 § 69. Folld. by ocus: dofóeth Marcán . . . ar óen ocus Medraige, Metr. Dinds. iii 320.36 . dochuaidh Bairri . . . ar áen ┐ Eolang, BNnÉ 17. 19 .

mar oen (fri) together (with): doruacht mar aon re fuigeall `along with the remnant', Laws ii 238.7 Comm. oc fledugud mar oen fris, PH 2372. téid . . . mar aon re hiomad d'ógaibh, Keat. ii 55. cosa . . . mar aon ris gach mball oile, TSh. 60. bud hi an bāidh braithreisi | beith dūinn mar aon that we should be together, ZCP viii 214.12 .

IV In some cases oen forms genuine compds. in which the meaning of the follg. word is modified:

(a) chiefly with adj., esp. adj. derived from noun: ¤adair- cech: a p m. oinaidaircechu, gl. unicornes, Ml. 45a5 . ¤bélrach: dorat rath na n-ilbelra doib . . . is iat oenbelraig có sin .i. Ebrai speaking (only) one language, PH 2517. ¤bennach one- horned , as subst. a single-horned creature, a unicorn , LL 135a50 . tír nathrach is oen- benach, 136a19 . a p. oinbenchu, Ml. 45a5 . See oenberach (treated separately below). ¤charptech, TBC-LL¹ 4252 (where it is used of one who drives alone, a warrior without a chario- teer). fuilliucht ind óenchárptig, 713 . ¤cosach one-legged (-footed): g s m. ind oinchosaig , Goid. 71.3 . pl. na hoenchossaig odra, Rawl. 76a46 . ¤dánach, ¤dírech: beas aendanach, bid aendireach `who has one art, let him have one "dire"', Laws v 108.11 (opp. to il-dánach, -dírech). ¤faebrach: do biailib oenfoebrac[h]aib one-edged, CCath. 5442. ¤fiaclach one- toothed, Leb. Gab.(i) i 78.9 (en-). ? ¤folbthach: a oenḟolbthaig oeniressaig! `of one substance and one faith [with the Father]' (? only praiseworthy, only faithful, reading ṁolbthaig), PH 161 . ¤geinne: óengeinne Dé only-begotten, Hy. vi 25 ; cf. tar in mac n-óengine .i. Críst, Ériu ii 196 § 13. ¤gel altogether fair or white, pure white, common epithet of silver: oengel in dún, Metr. Dinds. ii 72.17 . cúach argit oengil, LL 34a54 . do cnaimh aoingel elifinte, CCath. 4691. do cholomhnaib marmair aingil, Fl. Earls 152 x . a díí láim oengela, LB 124b26 . im thrí .ix. con n-éngel, LU 6768 ( BDD 28 ). tred do chaorchaibh aen- gealae, BNnÉ 56 § 63. ¤ingnech: Monica éningnech one- hoofed , CCath. 3841 (explanation of the name Monychus < μονόνυχος). ¤iressach, see -molbthach. ¤menmnach: in t-ennac aenm. `single-minded', BColm. 12.16 . co henme[n]m- nach unanimously, Cog. 120.6 . ¤trabdae (< treb), gl. soli- tarius, Ml. 46d1 .

(b) with noun: ¤ciniud in Laws, only child or descendant , the last living member of a `fine', Thurneysen, ZCP xiv 347 § 3 b. is e bes foloing aencinnid `the food-rent which the sole survivor submits to', Laws ii 256.25 . bes oencinneda, iv 302.20 . biathad in aencineda gin fine, ii 354.3 Comm. Also of any propertyless man of the fer midboth grade, even if he had kin, ZCP xlii 68 : ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch céin mbes maice, combi túalaing saintrebtha ┐ gabála[e] se(a)lb, do ḟi[u]r midboth(a) céin mbes n-óenchin(n)i[u]d 'hospitality of his house is not due from anyone for as long as he remains in boyhood until he is capable of separate husbandry and of taking property - from a fer midboth for as long as he is an óenchiniud ' Críth G. 77 , ZCP xlii 68 . ​​​​ ¤clár a single, solid piece: oen chlar a chorp uli; oen chlar a thraigthi, PH 7272 (of the Antichrist). denid óenbuidin díb ┐ oénchlár dona sciathaib immon ṁbuidinsin, LL 13937 . aonchlár dar lat an brugh breac one unbroken surface, DDána 119.32 . Of a flat-face : go bfacaidh nech ana dhail, ┐ aon chlár aighthe lais, BNnÉ 185 § 15 . is amlaid do boi ┐ aonchlar aicthi (aenchlar edain, v.l.) aige gan suili ina cind, Stair Nic. 49 . Of a closely formed battalion: doralsat óenclár catha foraib dia tobairt 'formed themselves into a solid phalanx', LU 1478 ( MU² 955 ), SGS v 30 . ¤coissid m.: oenchossid sciach `a one-stemmed thorn', ZCP iii 7 § 25. mac ind oenchoisseda one-footed , IT i 102.17 . ¤echaid m. a rider : gl. eques, Sg. 55b7 , 50b2 (óin-). da o[e]nechdae, Corm. Y 1082 = do aen[e]achdae, Corm. p. 38 (rót). ¤taeb a particular place: do chuir sí a haire d’éantaobh, LBranach 2 . do-chuaidh an t-eólus d’éntaobh, 362 . dá gcuirinn m’intinn d’éantaobh 'even if I set my mind to going somewhere' Sages, Saints and Storytellers 34 § 1 . ¤tiges (= ¤tigedus) dwelling together with, cohabitation: aontíghios daor an dia- bhail, RC xxiii 12.10 .

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