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1 ard

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ard or dil.ie/4041
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: árd, árt, art, arad, arad, arrad, arruidṡliocht

also árd. árt, Wb. 24d9 . art, Thes. ii 235.15 . Somet. arad metri gratia, esp. in later lang.: arad, IT iii 104 § 202 . arrad, Ó Bruad. i 32 § xiv . arruidṡliocht, 23 G 24, 239.4 .

I Adj. o, ā

(a) Of objects not in contact with ground high: innahí ruptar ardda dunnai (of planets), Thes. ii 11.42 (BCr.). In compds. tri ardlémend, LU 4021 ( SCC 47 ). ard-luth a eich high motion, CCath. 4712 . ardnem na náemh, RC xxiv 372.25 . Cf. airdrenn, 2 airdrech.

(b) high above ground, elevated, lofty . Of a place: huand luc digas no a.¤ gl. e loco editiore, Ml. 58a12 . 47c19 . isna lucu arda, 23d23 . Of a mountain etc.: hi tilchaib ardaib, Ml. 14a9 . iter da sliab arda, TTebe 898 . Of a building etc.: gríanána . . . ardda, MU² 201 . i n-iomdhaidh aird raised high from floor(?), Magauran 1380 . Cf. compd. ¤-lepaid: iomdaighe ┐ árdleapthacha, RC xiv 30 § 12 . go rabat ind (leg. id ?) ardleabaidh / a mna a meic may they be in Thy high bed (place of honour ?), Anecd. ii 33 § 17 . mairidh an fhithchioll eagair / do h-imbearthaoi a n-áirdleabaidh, ML 50.6 . Of a tree tall: ind huinnius ardd, Sg. 67a11 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib, Ml. 146a6 . crann a.¤ , Stair Erc. 384 . Of a vessel in compds.: fó inbiur in ardchori `lofty cauldron' (deep ?), MacCongl. 39.17 . airdiena (ardíana v.l.) ibardha deep(?) yew vessels, Anecd. ii 58 § 20 . Cf. 1 ardán.

(c) Of the sea: cathair ṡlúaigh do airg d'ḟoiléim / a ngoibéil chúain aird ainiúil deep(?), IGT Decl. ex. 518 . In compds.: an ardmhuir thened high sea, ocean (?), Ériu ii 124 § 68 (calque from Lat. altum mare , Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ). tar ard mhuir cciachdhuibh `tossing', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . dún is inber is ard-ler, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.34 .

(d) Of sounds loud: a.¤ aniu . . . gáir guil, Cog. 96.3 . frecra n-a.¤ n-obéle loud answer, Tec. Corm. § 25.12 . traetaít na ciulu islí na ciuil arda, BB 327b33 . In compds.: blūsair .i. nuall ardegóir, O'Mulc. 180 = O'Dav. 329 . firfid Findbennach fri dond Cúalnge ardburach loud bellowing, LU 10401 . ag Eochaid Ardghair `of the loud cry', Ériu i 81 § 11 . ardghaire mbaeth loud foolish laugh, Fél. 206.y . do breth a hardguth for aird, LL 9226 (TBC). árdghothach ┐ easurramach loud and stubborn, Proverbs vii 11 .

(e) Of colour: fual . . . á.¤ , Rosa Angl. 188.4 .

(f) In fig. usage. Of rank or superior quality noble, dist- inguished: aire ardd, one of the grades of nobility , Críth G. 368 and p. 69 . Andreas a.¤ a ordan, Fél. Feb. 6 . bit áird úas dind ḟlatha exalted (of saints), Prol. 155. a bhanaltra charthannach an Chomhachtaigh aoird mighty(?), Hackett xix 41 . óclách a.¤, imnair, IT i 79.2 . art .i. uasal, Metr. Gl. 27 § 35 . Stowe Gl. 22 . Of foundations, institutions etc. ba cóir ceniptis árdda do chongbala-su, Trip.² 1564 . bid á.¤ bid úasal do chathir i talum, 472 . abb ecailse ardae, Fél. Jan. 2 . sacramaint ro-a.¤ a cuirp fein august, Smaointe B. Chr. 3324 . Of a place: bátir Érenn ardae / la m'Luóc . . . / grían Liss móir de Albae they were of noble Ireland, Fél. June 25 . Of a feast: ré Notlaicc aird aurgaiss, Fél. Nov. 13 . In compds.: domhnaighe . . . ┐ airdfheile, AFM ii 952.15 , casc . . . ardshollumun na bliadne principal festival, Lism. L. 323 . Gramm. ón táoibhréim a. iollraidh i.e., the g p. in a dental, IGT Introd. § 142 (see ísel).

In phr. ardu árosc, see árosc.

(g) great, extensive(?): ba ha.¤ in coscur .i. ba mor, Thes. ii 334.1 (Hy. v). a.¤ .i. mor nó sochaide, ut est a.¤ in athlighi .i. sochaide facbhuit ina lige, O'Dav. 21 .

(h) proud: ná bísi ard nó íseall, L. Cl. A. B. 132.58 . atbert athesc a.¤ proud answer, LL 19874 .

(i) difficult, laborious, arduous (based on Lat. arduus JCL ix 44 ): is rét a.¤ .i. foglaim inna hirisse foirbthe gl. res ardua atque difficilis, Ml. 14c10 . roart lessom epert friusom intsamli dæ, Wb. 24c10 .

Equative: ardithir . . . seólcrand prímlui[n]gi, LU 6474 (TBC). airdithir neolla nime gach fer dib, RC xvii 416.38 . goma hairdithir re h-én, MR 300.11 .

Compar.: cia thes hi loc bes ardu ní ardu de, Ml. 23d23 . ni arddu feisin quam a chocéle, Sg. 161b9 . ni artu ní nim `nothing is higher than heaven', Thes. ii 248.3 . arddu (arddiu v.l.) dōinib / acht nōibrī nime, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 4 . airdiu cach múr araile, LU 2037 ( FA 11 ). airddiu, IT i 77.13 . harda (: Alba = Albu), ZCP viii 197.11 . airdi sa hairdi `higher and higher', Études Celt. i 87.23 . As superl. caithir fhionn as airde múr, DDána 119.19 .

Superl. dobeir grád as ardam, Fél. Ep. 207 . ardam dossaibh highest of bushes, Auraic. 5548 . ardam iactadh loudest of groanings, 5575 .

Adv.: eigis co ha.¤ , TTebe 4407 . ? teist dober cu arad ort / tu labor olcc eltaide edranach, IT iii 104 § 202 . is a.¤ do ghradaigh si sibh she has loved you much, Smaointe B. Chr. 4970 . ag foillsiughadh go ha.¤ showing openly, Donlevy 62.28 . In phrase ós a.¤ : gan feis lé fear ós a.¤ `publicly', Keat. ii 2924 , cf. 1 aird.

II Subst. o

(a) high place, height: etir fán ┐ ardd, Ml. 140a2 . conid Temair a hainm ind aird sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . cit n-é . . . ardae ┐ indbera do-riadhad ? BDD² 456 . rith fri ha.¤ , Tec. Corm. § 21.8 . tar Echtge na n-a.¤ 's na n-áth, ZCP viii 222.8 . triall . . . ó arduibh iarthuir Eireann `hills', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . bás an daig[h]f[h]ir . . . / do theilg thuinn a n-aighidh aird, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.28 . gan leath-trom learg d'fhán nó d'a.¤ (: bard), DDána 119.18 . eirnithe cach na.¤ (of a wound. Cf. cnocbéim), BCrólige 64 . ní léimid na héisc le hárdaibh eas, Hackett xv 12 . mar do ghabh sruth Iordan . . . a n-aghaidh áird i.e. flowed backwards, up-stream? Eochairsg. 66.2 (cf. Joshua iii 16 ). Frequ. in nn. loc: Ard nGabla, Metr. Dinds. i 40.29 . Ard n-Umai, RC xvi 79.20 . For further exx. see Hog. Onom.

(b) Of persons: isel fri art `lowly towards the high' (proud ?), Thes. ii 235.15 . in t-a.¤ . . . Ailill na n-áth, LL 4207 . tú in t-a.¤ ós gach iomaire, O'R. Poems 26 . a n-aird ┐ a n-airdirc, CCath. 4409 . ? ní cria . . . di ardd (di aird v.l.) `do not buy . . . from a superior', Tec. Corm. § 19.7 . art fine, one of the titles of the head of the `fine' (`den aus der oder über die `fine' Hervorragenden', Thurn., Mélanges ... à H. Pedersen 302 . In this phrase always with final -t. Cf. 1 art etc.): a.¤ uasal, unde dicitur a.¤ fine, Corm. Y 26 . in t-a.¤ fine .i. inti is airdi don fine, O'Dav. 486 . dia mbe a.¤ fine ar aird . . . is a.¤ fine icus, Laws v 224.14 Comm. dia tisad a.¤ fine fae, 13 Comm.

(c) Various: is caín cech a.¤ , LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). a.¤ n-athe (of a king), ZCP viii 108.6 . tomus fri arddu (a sign of bad pleading), LL 345e14 ( Tec. Corm. § 22 n.12 ). ní guais áidh . . . / do bheanfodh dhe dol ar a.¤ (: Tadhg) `from growing to be great', O'Hara 4400 . In phrase a.¤ i n-a.¤ fri see 1 aird.

(d) Metrical term for a final rhyming or consonating syllable in the metre rinnard , see RC vi 273 , 298 ; vii 87 ff. ; Murphy Metrics 28 , 35 . rindaird dá n-a.¤, rinnaird tri n-a.¤, rinnaird iiii n-a.¤ , Fél. 4.z ., IT iii 137 . fil and mór nard ṅáille (of the metre of the Fél.), Fél. Ep. 83 . In compd. ¤-breccad internal assonance, IT iii 87 § 95 .

Compds. Used with nouns, adjj. and verbs. Besides its use in literal sense often indicates pre-eminence in rank or excellency over others of the same designation e.g. ardrí over-king (see ). ardḟlaith (flaith. ardlathi ` chief princes ', Wb. 1a3 ). ardap (ap) chief abbot (of the a. of Clonmacnoise, RC xviii 287.15 Tig.). ardepscop (epscop) archbishop . ardṡuí (suí) chief sage. ardáenach (óenach, of Taillte, Keat. ii 3851 ). ardídal ( ídal. á. na Héirenn .i. Cenn Crúaich, Trip.² 1005 ). Cf. ardchaerich adobcomnaicsi, ardlias duib, lias bec anisiu, caerig beca ann you are important sheep and have a great fold; this is a small fold with small sheep in it, Anecd. i 41.25 . Frequ. a mere intensive or alliterative prefix adding little to the meaning. A representative selection is given below. Some compds. have been included above to illustrate meanings.

(a) With nouns. ¤-aicned haughtiness: nír dhénta uaill na ardaignedh, Études Celt. i 85.28 . ¤-ammus judgement, estimate (interchanges with airdmes), O'Curry 1063 ( H 3.18, 439a ) = airdmes, O'D. 1629 (H. 5.15, 16b). O'D. 542 ( H 3.17, 434 ). O'Curry 2578 ( Eg. 88, 49(50)a ). ¤-broenud gl. imber, Metr. Gl. 5.2 , RC xx 276.23 (ACC). ¤-chell chief church: na tri haird-cealla (Maedóc's settlements), BNnÉ 260 § 220 . ? ¤-chellach incumbent of an ardchell(?): Adamnan ardcellach, Flower Cat. 490.30 . ¤-chend, as adj. having a lofty head: ech . . . ardchend, LU 8661 ( FB 49 ). da ech . . . ardchind, 8592 (ib. 45 ). for echaib ardchendaib, Alex. 253 . a Brain ardchind, LL 306a7 . As subst. a. iarthair Eorpa ar . . . ecna, AFM ii 838.2 . Moling 50 . ¤chless juggling in the air: ardchless co n-ublaib 'juggling in the air with balls' Celtica viii 149 (Mellbretha) . ¤-chustal: a. ┐ drochgné fair, LU 10829 `his loins girt(?)', Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE). ¤-chor: ardchur ag an bpríomháid air while the primate had authority over him, Keat. iii 303 . árdchor aige ar na Scotaibh he had supremacy over the Scots, i 14.16. ¤-gabáil: gabaid a lēnid i n-ardgabāil `tucked up his shirt', MacCongl. 9.25 . in ardgabail-sea doníat in cuanairt . . . `high-catching', Acall. 7385 . claideb . . . i n-a. gaili fora chris raised, uplifted (for action), LU 6561 (TBC) = i n-ardgabail churad bar a chlíu, TBC-LL¹ 5340 . So also RC xliii 82 § 84 . seol grás uaidhe ar ardghabháil `a sail of graces is hoisted by Him', Aithd. D. 60.5 . do ardgabalaib in domuin chief conquests, ZCP iii 17.2 . ¤-gal: go gclos go nemh an a., Duan. F. i 32.9 . As n.pr. co teach Eachdach meic Ardgail, ZCP viii 219.27 . ¤-gním breast-work, rampart: airdgníma (adhgnímha v.l.) caelaig, CCath. 1394 . ¤-mac : ardmhac oglaig (oppd. to certmac o.), O'Curry 285 (H 3.18, 157) `chief son', Plummer MS notes. crichaireacht ... a taiseach, ┐a n-ard mac n-oglach, ┐ a n-olloman, Iar Conn. 368 (H. 2. 17, 188b). ¤-menma: dimus ┐a. arrogance, CCath. 3868 . ¤-mess: nir nanacht airdmes roclos / no chairdes no condolbos great esteem did not save him, SR 3135 . tria na n-a. ra halta / a cairdes bud ceṅgalta, LL 7134 . ¤-nemed: atnaig tar fót crúach i n-a. di[a] díte he conveys him over the bloody ground into full sanctuary for his protection, Críth G. 54 . ¤-nert superior power: ardneart Muman do gabail dó, AFM ii 1098.8 . ¤-nós: alladh ┐ ardnos, AFM vi 2368.4 . As n.pr. Grigair mac Ardnōis, ZCP viii 114.25 . ¤-phersa : techtiri ártphersine gl. Christi apostoli, Wb. 24d9 . ¤-radarc : ed ardradairc . . . úan fa deas atá `of a great prospect', Ériu iv 142.16 . gurab eissan ardriaghlaightheoir nimhe & talmhan e, Adtimchiol 27b11 . ¤ríge high kingship : debthaig immonn-ardríge, SR 6538 . ¤-scél : innisim dó mh'airdsgēla great news, ZCP viii 220.40 . ¤-ṡreb : ō chéibh īochtuir airdshreibhi, O'R. Poems 204 . ¤taoiseach 'haut chef' Études Celt. xii 514 . ¤-thuile : abann ard-tuile in full spate, BNnÉ 108 § 33 .

(b) With adjj. ¤-aicentach: do bhádar árdaigeantach haughty, Ezekiel xvi 50 . ¤érmach, éirmech: an agh fholuaimneach ard-érmeach, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 27.22 . ¤-mór : esculus . . . .i. fid arddmár `a very high tree', Sg. 53a7 . ar muraib ardmoraib an baili, TTebe 4453 . trí chert Amairgen ardmóir, LL 1762 . ¤-menmnach : airecht . . . a. high-spirited, CCath. 5362 . ¤-medrach sportive (of a wave), ML 94.16 . ¤-mín : a ingenraid n-a. tall and gentle, LU 3601 ( SCC 30 ). óclach seta fata . . . n-a., LL 11793 . ¤-réil : co sleib n-Ailp n-a. lofty and bright, Rawl. 78b35 . ¤-úallach high and haughty. As n.pr. a. ingen Ḟind, Acall. 6453 . ¤-úasal : a ardrí . . . a., MU² 834 . cech etha ardūasail imbeth, ZCP xi 92 § 19 .

(c) With vbs. ¤-chuirid : d'ardchuir m'atuirse which increased my sadness, Hackett xii 29 . ¤-ḟodlaid : maith fáth ro hardfódlad de was nobly divided(?), LB 185a21 . ¤-gaibid : ro ardgaib Assal, Fen. 342.20 . ¤-légaid : airdleghais B. . . . an leabar ngreccda read aloud, BNnÉ 84 § 169 (cf. ar-léga). ¤-lesaigid ir: ro hoiled ┐ ro hardleasaidhedh í (of Mary), Ev.Inf. (LFF) 171 § 24 . ró hoiled ┐ rohardleasáigiodh iad educated to a high standard, RC xiv 28 § 6 . ¤-mesaid : ar a eól is ardmesta `for his knowledge he deserves high esteem', Metr. Dinds. iii 438.8 . ¤-rígaid: airdrīghaigh rí, ZCP viii 205.4 . ¤-thidlaicid: ro edhbair ┐ ro ardthiodhlaic he nobly bestowed, Anecd. iii 6. x .

brécad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brécad or dil.ie/6613

 

u, m. vn. of brécaid. act of deceiving, leading astray; enticing, coaxing: cian atá oc for ṁbrecad, SR 4680. ar melludne ┐ ar mbrecad rop ail libsi, LB 154b43 . is dot b.-sa ro-ráid, PH 3836. do bregadh (-ach, MS, note) na Troianach, Aen. 485. robai ac brecad na naidean sealad co roibi ina thast soothing , TTebe 1784 . ba fearr lais anad isin cathraigh na bregad di uaithi `to being lured out of it by her', Aen. 3116. branán bréagtha bantrachta (of a harper), Keat. Poems 266. áobhdha an brēgadh `a pleasing guile', SGS iv 64 § 17. do láthair bhan da mbréagadh to divert them, TSh. 1722. Legal: cen saithiud (sic leg.) .i. cen breccad `without fraud', Laws ii 362.12 Comm.

Compd. dia mbrégadhtarrang (sic leg. ?) gosan bhail i mbuí Ó Domhnaill `decoying them', Hugh Roe² 106.7 .

breccad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breccad or dil.ie/6623

 

Forms: brecaid

n [u, m.] vn. of breccaid. act of speckling, chequering, causing to be flecked: bocad ┐ brecadh ┐ fige `mixing' (of wool), Laws i 152.5 Comm. , ` colouring ', Manners and Customs iii 115.24 and n. 83 ( Harl. 432, 10a ). brecaid (read breccad ) ētaig 'na ré plaid dress (?) in his reign (of Fland Sindae), ZCP xii 235 § 52 . oiread an phaspuirt re breacadh ní fhuarasa `by my writing', Ó Bruad. iii 178.20 . ic breacad . . . anair do`n la lán-soluis ` streaking ', MR 112.5 nach fán breacadh do rinnis gach drochghníomh dá ndernuis at day-break (?), RC xxiii 8.11 . ag so an breacadh san bhagar / bhar bhfeacadh má fuaradar the brighter side of the threat (?), DDána 95.5 . oc fortbiu na curad, oc b.¤ na mbuiden shattering (?), TTr. 2216. breacad . . . `picking a quern', P. O'C. do-gheibhedh th'athair grán glan / ar chlachaibh brán do bhreacadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1307. Cf. breccaire. Metr. of multiplication of rhyme , see Murphy Metrics 23 ff. , 30 . Later of permitted rhyming of a word with itself, etc. , see the very full treatment by Mág Craith, Stud. Celt. ii 181 ff . In names of metres: in cedbrecad ar sedradh so . . . brecadh tanaise so, IT iii 88 § 104 - § 105 . brecad casbairdne, 89 § 110 .

breccaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breccaid or dil.ie/6624

 

Forms: breccad

v (brecc) speckles, makes chequered; variegates: buide / breactoir ile, IT iii 25 § 9 (batar ili, breccatar nili, v.ll). o ro breca bróenán cró / léni nde[n]dguirm nDíarmató `has bespattered', ZCP iii 214.11 . breccfus ár im Cnāmchailli, xii 237 § 58. loa snectai breccait a mmag snow-flakes that shower the ground, LL 14122. a Bruig, breccas graig `studded with horses', Metr. Dinds. ii 12.2 . D. ureacas graidh, Anecd. ii 69.12 . otha Banna brecthait géill `which hostages adorn', RC xx 52.29 . hūi B. brecctais rinne who spattered spear-points (with blood), ZCP viii 119 § 35. for mag mB. breccda bairdd that bards adorn, IT iii 17 § 42. rotbrecai (dogabais, rogabais, v.ll) cach n-ingnad n-án `hath adorned thee', Metr. Dinds. ii 10.5 . muir Torrían amal ro breccad do loṅgaib ┐ lestraib, LL 31958 ( TTr. 1144 ). scíath cróderg ro brecad do ṡemandaib that was studded with, BDD² 967. breacaid na bearta le dathaibh gan díth scéimhe `they paint their deeds', Ó Bruad. iii 18.9 .

Vn. breccad .

breccaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breccaire or dil.ie/6625
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: breacaire

n (cf. breccad ) instrument used to roughen the grinding faces of mill-stones (see Studies on Early Ireland 17 ): breacaire `an instrument used for puncturing mill-stones ', Celtica i 305.19 . ` quern-picker ', P. O'C.

1 cert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cert or dil.ie/8787
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cirt, ceirt, ceart, cirt, cearta

(Lat. certus). As adj. o, ā.

(a) correct, right, proper, fitting : is ámin tra as c.¤ in testimin-so, Ml. 62c7 . ni c.¤ ind ḟlesc sa huasind .m., Sg. 40b16 . foraice c.¤ `genau richtiger Wert', Cóic Con. 50 § 98 (see below under subst. use). cona tochmaghad a choir cirt, Ériu xiii 17.16 = c.¤ , O'Dav. 378 . cen claind cirt without ordinary children, LU 4305 ( SG 84.30 ). nocho ch.¤ na cubaid `it was not right or fitting', CRR 30.9 . nó go n-aimsear an uair cheart the destined hour, Dán Dé xvii 9 . stiúir cheart . . . na g-cóigeadhach (of a person), ML 86.7 . ní ceart d'ēinneach a rádh . . . it is wrong to say, Párl. na mB. 58 .

(b) fair, just : bad ch.¤ do cluchi frim fight fair, LU 5228 . breth ch.¤ , LL 30395 . comrama . . . / Cerbaill c[h]irt na náem `just', RC xxix 211 § 7 ( LL 6720 ).

(c) Of material objects etc. straight, even: sreth-linedha certa coiri, CCath. 5285 (`small', cf. 2 cert). baill certa comcoire, BB 427b15 . cetra colamna certa `straight', Stair Erc. 1377 . gersat certa . . . cimsa . . . catha, MR 254.4 . tennbhuille c.¤ casúir, IGT Decl. ex. 913 . dlúthmhong cheart, DDána 99.32 . slighe . . . cam cheart ` symmetrical ', Magauran 909 .

(d) Of numbers, quantities etc. exact, precise: co colainderce c.¤ `exact amount', Bretha 23 . da fítt ch.¤ chutrume `two exactly equal rations', Mon. Tall. 161.9 (§ 80) . deich mbliadna certa, BB 53a6 . tricha tren[ḟ]er ar cet c.¤ , MacCarthy 28.2 .

(e) Adv. ci[u]rt cóir `properly and rightly', cited GOI 239 from Laws ii 306.5 ( ZCP xiv 379 ). ní fail doruirme co c.¤ ` rightly ', Thes. ii 344.1 (Hy.v). cet co c.¤ `a hundred exactly', MacCarthy 314.z . go ceart indeed, Content. vi 242 . go ceart rómhad `straight before thee', Proverbs iv 25 .

(f) Compar. ní foigbe . . . / félire bas certu, Fél. Ep. 148 . nī turmi sechtu nach sūi / bas certu atá cōe, ZCP v 499 § 10 . is certiu in dedenach `more exact', Auraic. 1134 . an mbía duine marbhthach ní as ceirte ná Día?, Job iv 17 . is ceirtidde in chomāirim, ZCP iii 18.2 .

As subst. o, n. m., IGT Decl. § 63 (g s. cirt and ceirt, d s. ceart and cirt etc.). Cf. g s. cearta, Maguires of F. 95 . i or ā (dar ceirt, Cog. 56.11 ), ZCP xlix-l 619 .

(g) the right, what is proper, correctness : ar amainse ar chirt ar calmatus, LU 10300 (see also s. 2 cert). c.¤ cen tinne, ZCP viii 196 § 14 . misi robai for in cirt, YBL 173a16 . Cf. SG 70.13 . ceart na riaghla `fulfilling of the law', A. Ó Dálaigh xxi 1 . ceart ag duine is bheith go bocht, Dán Dé xxvii 27 . ar cheart ar chumas n-adhbhann ` correctness ' (of harping), Studies 1920, 98 § 9 . ó cheart `rightly', Content. vi 155 . ón cheart, xxiii 3 . an chalann do-chuaidh tar ceart which has transgressed, DDána 44.2 . do réir chirt, Rev. xix 11 . ? cach aen bereas(?) c.¤ cirt, LB 220b59 .

(h) In phr. ina chirt, i cirt, c.¤ properly, rightly, as is fitting : mac in tṡaír a llus in táil / do chumma in chláir ina chirt (: ṡlicht) `aright', Ériu ix 49 § 28 . firfes firindi ina cirt fri dala deithbiri, YBL 181a2 ( SG 254.23 ). is amlaidh so . . . anas dian aireng in-a cirt coir gan impod, BB 289b20 . dia mbe hi cciort, Leb. Gab.(i) 46.28 . atá ina cc.¤ le ceile (of a pact), BNnÉ 251.11 . co roibi ingen do righ paganta a c.¤ aigi `was his lawful wife', ZCP vi 289.16 .

(i) In quasi-legal sense of right, claim, entitlement : Lebor na Cert, title of tract on rights and privileges of kings, see BR and BR2. fris-saighe a cc.¤ , Ériu xiii 34.6 . dofet a c.¤ certaib `her rights', Laws i 124.10 . fer . . . saiges a ch.¤ do cech oén la Ultu, LU 8148 . ag tabairt cirt do Chríst cháidh `rendering an account', Manners and Customs ii 63.y . do bhean ceart díot an duine, Dán Dé xxviii 17 . dála, ceart, daingin orra, `Espousals', Eg. Gl. 243 . With follg. gen. c.¤ n-athar ┐ seanathar, BDD² 163 . augtar . . . / sluindfes c.¤ clainne C., Fing. R. 866 . c.¤ cech cōicid, ACL iii 303 § 5 . c.¤ cech ríg `tribute', KMMisc. 260 § 1 . ó chiort na gcuradh, Content. xxx 22 . i gceart a mháthar `in right of his mother', Keat. ii 5138 . go n-díoghlainn mo chomhdhaltadha fair . . . a g-ciort chloidhimh by the sword, ML 110.3 . With follg. prep. muna ḟuil ceart ag óigh air `rights as against Him', Aithd. D. 86.18 . c.¤ Maodhócc ar shluag Mhancach, BNnÉ 248 § 202 . mo cheart ar an tír, Maguires of F. 90 . ceart cinnte . . . ar ré shíordhaidhe d'fhagháil absolute right to, TSh. 529 . ceart . . . ré coimhéad, 5130 . ná sir c.¤ a cumhail deilgi, IGT Decl. ex. 1238 . gan c.¤ . . . do bheth ag nech in aoinní `right . . . in any thing', RSClára 146b .

(j) justice, fair dealing : luid co chinel do c.¤ friu `to demand justice', Laws i 70.9 Comm. na tair chucum dar firc., TBC-LL¹ 3491 . gidh tréan thú ní chuinge acht ceart, Dán Dé xxvii 14 . dá ndéanmaois ceart d'imirt oraibh, Maguires of F. 61 . do cheart = iustitia, TSh. 4813 . a gille, ar siad, inn gabaid coma no c.¤ uainn?, ZCP xiii 240.11 .

For daimid c.¤ see daimid.

With dliged: tar ceart no dligedh, Laws ii 70.2 . conid he sin c.¤ ┐ dliged lenait saxain for goedelu, Fél.² clxxxvii 9 .

(k) As technical term used of one of several legal processes: coic conara fugill . . . c.¤ , Cóic Con. 15 § 1 (`genau richtig'). cuir ┐ cundartha etc. d'acrau forin conair fugill is c.¤ , 20 § 13 . tacra cutrumma for cirt, 24 § 26 . bid c.¤ im cotomus folada etc. the legal process c. shall apply in the case of equal assessment of objects, 50 § 98 . For etymologies see 29 § 13 .

(l) With follg. gen. proper arrangement or procedure, correct way of doing something .: ni dāmair c.¤ catha doib fair battle, b. according to the rules of war(?), Rawl. 131b45 . See LL 4902 , ML² 946 . o cirt cobrainne `by just partition', Laws iv 44.8 . c.¤ comlaind, LL 33979 . tré cheart gcomhráidh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 40 § 6 . c.¤ crandcair, BB 244b34 . c.¤ imthechta, MR 318.23 . c.¤ natha,. Ériu xiii 18.16 (in list of metr. terms). Note also : c.¤ sléibe Fúait `true story', Metr. Dinds. iv 168.44 .

(m) Freq. in IGT as technical term declensional form (of noun or verbal noun): na crotha dona ceartuibh ó mbeantur comhfhocal, IGT Introd. § 2 (2.17) . cáoladh ceirt (e.g. lámh, don láimh), § 14 (6.11) . feabhas, fiú, féin, dég (an áirmhe), focuil gan cheart indeclinables, § 122 . greagh, c.¤ lethan tríd sis as cóir aige, Decl. § 45 . c.¤ persan mar sin sís aige (after forms of eadradh), § 49 . scológ (ceart baininnsgne aigi) is inflected like a feminine, § 12 . tegmáil . . . c.¤ ar a comair air féin aigi, Verbs § 2 . faigsin etc. . . . cirt ar a comair aca, § 4 . bleagan ┐ dligsin (dít), inand gabaid acht ar a certuibh i.e. the verbs are conjugated in the same way but their verbal nouns belong to different types, § 36 .

(n) Less freq. in sense of correctness, permissibility , somet. opposed to canamain anomalous (form): trí mairg, cóir do chiort, trí mharg, cóir do chanamhain, IGT Introd. § 18 (8.31) . úaibreach do chanamhain atá, úabrach an c.¤ , IGT Decl. § 17 . .c. .d. neith ceirt ┐ canamna, Verbs § 45 . imram, imirt . . . a ndénmas .n. cirt, § 101 . .d. .n. cirt ┐ canamna, § 112 .

(o) In chevilles: as gach ciort, SG 35.24 . ní cói ceirt, Metr. Dinds. iv 164.27 . dia do cheart, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 356.1 .

In compds. usually straight, direct, exact, precise, less frequently right, just, proper.

With nouns. ¤agaid. Usually in prep. phr. with i, ar: i certagaidh na gáithe directly against the wind, CCath. 3927 . tarla do D. . . . ina chertagidh met him face to face, ZCP xiv 240.8 . dēnamh ar a gcert-agaidh go F. straight ahead, Fl. Earls 24.28 . Note also: du-s-rat a chert-aghaidh . . . forsan athair `it turned its . . . face on the father', 136.25 . a fírchlethe a chendmullaig hi certairdi from the very top of his head, LU 6475 . ūas an mbaile a certairde right up over the stead, Ériu iii 168 § 25 . ni hicthar ni fris acht certaithgin, Laws v 254.18 Comm. iar certbliadain, Rawl. 76a36 . certbrecad ┐ ollbrecad, IT iii 76 § 40 (see p. 131 and breccad ). M. . . . an ceirtbhreitheamh `just judge', Keat. ii 3658 . confad C. ┐ a cheart-bhriathra, MR 160.20 . certchaictighis ó maireach, Cog. 104.34 . fa ceart-comair a craide directly in front of, MR 260.14 . ceartchosair ceithri ndroṅg, BDD² 811 (`a proper litter', Gloss.). sechtmoga mac . . . / achertchúmma d'ingenaib exact equivalent, SR 1972 . c. cumal `an exact c.', Bretha 31 . na chertdegaid directly after him, LL 15318 . no gur comroinnestair . . . a craide ar certdō dō in two equal halves, MR 260.16 . Duan. F. i 35 . for cert-druim in cat[h]a, CCath. 4881 . a cúic do cert duibh to an all-black (cow), O'Gr. Cat. 145.11 . ina c[h]ertḟar[r]adh, ZCP viii 210.31 . ceart-fheadh na n-arm . . . eatorra, ML 84.28 . nert C. certfir .i. ind ḟir cheirt, Gorm. Apr. 18 and gl. trī ceirtfichit muc mór exactly sixty, Ériu xvii 20 § 13 . ¤gáe see separate article. i certghuin cath, BB 53a25 . certiarraid exact fosterage-fee, Laws iii 312.12 Comm. an ceirtiomagallaimh, Ériu xiii 36.21 . certimain `proper driving', Laws i 288.11 Comm. na huili uisci do dhul ina certinadh cóir féin taranais arís, RC xxviii 310 § 3 . cert-láech a true warrior, MU² 538 . ar certlár mo thaige very middle, LL 38552 . rochaith a chertleth (i.e. of the apple), MacCarthy 46.16 . is a certlogh dic `exact value', Laws iv 250.21 Comm. certmac oglaigh `an average son' (Plummer MS. notes) Cf. ceartmhac, `fils légitime', Études Celt. xii 524 , oppd. to ardmhac o., O'Curry 285 ( H 3.18, 157 ). ina certmedón right in the middle of it, LU 2057 . dar certmedōn hĒrenn, Corp. Gen. 206.14 . atchiu clothrig . . . / cotngaib inna chertraind . . . / o crund co fraig who divides it equally(?), LU 7375 (of Conaire. `exact share', BDD2 Gloss.). co certsála sís right down to the heels, BDD² 1268 . ro an ina certsesam, Stair Erc. 350 . cearttharsna ar aicme ailme `straight across for group A' (of fingers across shin-bone in cossogam), Auraic. 5783 . do cert-tochus `of his exact property', Laws v 32.21 Comm. curson comnart certtrebtha, Leb. Cert.² 156.5 . certtrícha ruaid-each, 8.10 .

With adjj. an crios corr, ceart-bhláith, MR xiv 7 . certinann ré exactly the same period, Anecd. i 26 § 11 . a Chrīst chóeim certgenmnaid `truly chaste', Ériu iii 14 § 10 . at chonnarc and Coin Culaind certlaín `perfect', Études Celt. v 155.27 . in tan ata certnua in cin. No ata certnua in cro recent(?), O'Curry 609 ( H 3.18, 297 ). ni coir gnuis bidbaid itir crú ceartnua .i. is nua in fala no go lesaighther, 2282 ( Eg. 88, 21 (22)a ).

With adjj. formed from nouns: a chomhdail an Airdrígh certbreathaigh just, RC xxviii 326 § 23 . certbriathrach (of a judge), Irish Texts iv 27.2 . eannach . . . ceart-foirgneamhach `well-fashioned', MR xiv 13 . i pongc ceirtmedonach an domain, YBL 169a3 . certronnach `justly-dividing', Gorm. 16 gl .

With verbs: c.¤ gabais Congal Cairpri's in comlund, MR 244.4 . is follus as sin co nach certtiaghait (-tuicit?) lucht in Uraicepta-sa co mbad e Laidin . . . , Auraic. 1127. 4047 .

combreccad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. combreccad or dil.ie/10815

 

n ( breccad ): as aire adberar an Bhrec fria, ó comhmbrecadh taisedh na naomh . . .innte `variegated arrangement together' (of a service-set), BNnÉ 266 § 232 .

dechnad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechnad or dil.ie/14897
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: deach-móir, ndech-mór, deach-breacht, dech-mbic, dechnad, decnad, deacnad, dechnaid, deacnaid, dechn-, deachn-, decn-, dech-, deach-, dechnadha, dechnaidi, dechnad, dechnad, dechnaid, dechnada, dechnadaib, dechnada, dechnad, carr-dechnad, leth-d., med-d., snéd-d.

n u, later ā. A certain metre . Its price was five cows, BB 306 a 38 . Probably neuter: dechnad mbec IT iii 40. 25 ; 24. 25 ; 25. 17 ; 40. 17 (all from BB). ib. 40. 17 (Laud 610). dechnad mbrecht, 24. 26 ; 25. 20 (BB). d.¤ mbrechtfelesach, 9. 6 , 10 , 12 (H. 2. 12, TCD). Wrongly do deachmbreacht, 25. 20 (BB). But in the same MSS the eclipsis is frequently also omitted: d.¤ bec, 28. 15 ; 74. 1 (BB). 6. 21 ; 74. 1 (H. 2. 12). d.¤ brecht, 28. 15 (BB). 6. 21 (H. 2. 12). d.¤ debrechta, 9. 16 (H. 2. 12). 40. 22 (Laud). d.¤ dobrechta, 6. 22 (H. 2. 12). d.¤ gairet, MacCarthy 130 h (BB). In BB frequently treated as a fem.: g s. breccad decnaidi móiri, 73. 14 , 35 ; 75. 12 (but deach-móir, 24. 34 ; 25. 6 BB. d.¤ máir, 7. 6 . d.¤ brichtfelesaig, 9. 9 , H 2. 12). d s. for deach-móir , 7. 32 . a ndeach-móir, 8. 30 (but i ndech-mór , 26. 8 BB; 8. 7 , H. 2. 12. don deach-breacht , 25. 25 BB). a s. fri dech-mbic , 27. 2 f.b. ; 28. 4 .

INFLEXION: n s. dechnad, IT iii 106. 11 ( lethdechnad, ib. 13 ) LL; 40. 25 BB; 39. 19 Laud; 6. 20 ; 73. 7 ( lethdechnad, 6. 21 ; 8. 9 ), H 2. 12 . decnad, 6. 21 (thrice), H 2. 12 . deachnad, 39. 19 BB. deacnad, 24. 24 BB. dechnaid frequent in BB and Laud: 40. 3 (lethdechnaid); 40. 8 , 17 , 22 Laud. 40. 17 ; 73. 7 , 14 BB. deacnaid, 24. 26 , 29 BB. Abbreviated: dechn-, 25. 20 ; 28. 15 ; MacCarthy 130 h , BB. 6. 22 , H 2. 12. deachn-, 25. 1 , 2 , 10 , 17 , 23 , 24 BB. decn-, 73. 7 ; 74. 1 BB. 6. 21 , H 2. 12 . dech-, 28. 15 BB. 6. 22 ; 8. 5 , 6 ; 9. 6 , 10 , 12 , 16 ; 73. 14 ; 74. 1 , H. 2. 12. deach-, 24. 25 , 35 BB. —g s. dechnadha, BB 306 a 38 . dá chenél dechnada móir, 39. 20 Laud. dechnada máir, 7. 6 , H. 2. 12. láncuibdi dechbrichtfelesaig, 9. 9 , H. 2. 12. dá chenél deachmóir, 24. 34 BB. deliugud deachmóir, 25. 6 BB. dechnaidi: decnaidi móiri, 73. 35 BB. decn-i móiri, 73. 36 BB. decn-i cumaisc, 75. 12 BB. Here also 73. 24 : brecad dechmór .i. inso (móri leg.), H. 2. 12. d s. dechnad: i ndechmár, 8. 7 , 8 , H. 2. 12. i ndeachmór, 26. 8 BB. don deachbreacht, 25. 20 , 25 BB. deachn-, 25. 6 , 12 BB. fem. dechnaid: don deacnaid, 25. 26 BB. a ndeachmóir, 8. 30 BB. for deachmóir, 7. 32 BB. a s. dechnad m., dechnaid f.: amail deachncumaisc, 25. 21 BB. fri dechmbicc, 27. 2 f.b. ; 28. 4 BB. n p. dechnada: it dechnada uile, 22. 16 , H 2. 12, BB. na deachnada so, 7. 26 BB. d p. dechnadaib: dona dechnadaib, 73. 6 ; 78. 7 BB.

ORIGIN: Gen. dechnada (never dechanta) points to a cpd.; cf. the u- stems cétnad, sétnad (occasionally eclipsing like dechnad: cétnad nimrinn, IT iii 53 § 97 n. 1 . c. naisi, ib. § 98 . setnad mbecc, ib. 20. 13 ). The original meaning of dechnad being obscure, no certain etymology can yet be given. Possibly a cpd. of deach `verse-foot, &c.' with nath .i. ainm coitchenn dona huilib aistib, Corm. (u- stem: LL 386 a 8 . BB 302 b 4 . 303 b 42 , and probably masc.). Dech- cpd. form of deäch as ern- of iarn.

The metrical treatises in BB mention no less than thirteen metres of this name, v. IT iii p. 173 .—COMPD. carr-dechnad, leth-d.¤ , med-d.¤ , snéd-d.¤ , v. IT iii p. 172 sq. —Obs.

findruine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. findruine or dil.ie/22111
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (findbruine, Ériu xi 170 ) electrum or electron; a by-product from the smelting of gold and silver (?) See ZCP xxix 100-1 and cf. Ériu xxxii 156 . In value it is ranked below gold (1 ór, dergór) and above bronze (crédumae): na fil eter créduma ┐ fíndruini atá eter Loegaire ┐ Conall Cernach. a fil dano ... eter findruini ┐ dergór ata eter Conall Cernach ┐ Coin Culaind, LU 8779 ( FB 58 ). is findruine fri fīrōr, ZCP vi 267 § 12 . Cf. miach óir ┐ miach finddruine ┐ miach credumai, Fianaig. 6.18 , corresp. to m. óir ┐ m. airgid ┐ m. crédumai ib. 6z . ataig C. lais ina fúair d'or ┐ d'argut ┐ d'indruini, TFerbe 746 . immdernad iarom [in tiag] di ór ┐ findruine, `[the wallet] was then adorned with gold and white bronze', Trip. 74.24 . uinge óir nó airgid no fhiondruine isin chios riogh gach bliadhna, Fomor. and Norse. 3.23 , Cf. ungi d'argut findruni, Cog. 50.11 (no d'fionndruine v.l.). cúach findruini, LU 8800 ( FB 60 ). sciath ... co mbil findruini, LU 3829 ( SCC 37 ). gipne findruine for a étan, LU 9275 . scíath ... ro breccad do semmannaib findruini, 7331 ( BDD 97 ). dubscíath co calathbúali findruni fair, LU 6297 . tech foa ochtaig findruine, B. in Scáil, 6 . tolc finnruine `a bed of white bronze' Cóir Anm. 70 (p. 318) = toilc findruine, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 76 (where f.¤ is rendered `German silver'). da maelasa findruine, RC xxiv 200.3 . crot ... ┐ iris findruine eisti `a harp with a strap of bronze' Cáin Ad. 6 . fidchell ..., leth a foirne d'ór buide | a lleith aile d'[ḟ]indruine, LU 1106 ( ACC 115 ). claideb corthaire do fíndruine, LU 4520 . delg nduillech d'findruine, TBC-I¹ 3171 . delgi duillecha do ḟindruiniu, TBC-LL¹ 4359 . findruine díre in cheneuilsin ina n-eneclann , LL 312b32 (in the corresp. passage LL 383b28 , Rawl. 119b36 have bān-(h)uma). a chois-ēidedh do chaol-fhinnruine, ML² 1474 .

As npr. f. Acall. 5551 .

Cf. finn-uma, s.v. 1 finn, Compds.

forbreccad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forbreccad or dil.ie/23387

 

n m. ( breccad ) variegation, ornamentation (above, on the surface ?): inar ... co fórbhrecadh do ór, Ériu iii 164 § 19 . scieth ... co forbrecad oir ... fair, CCath. 4727 .

oll

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oll or dil.ie/33804
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: óll

adj o,ā. great, ample ; cognate with ol `beyond', cf. ind-oll, gl. ultra, Sg. 220a6 (see 1 ol). The primary sense seems that of extension (gl. Lat. amplus, Ml. 20a3 , 92a9 ), but it is widely used to denote magnitude in general, of size, quantity, degree, etc. In positive degree not common as pred., and as attrib. used more often before the subst. forming a compd. than after it. Very common in compar., where the orig. sense of transcending a certain limit (size, number, etc.) often comes out. óll, gl. [requiem] amplam, Ml. 20a3 . oll gach ní as mór, Metr. Gl. Ff. 6. oll .i. mor, O'Dav. 1314. O'Cl. ionann o.¤ is mór, Keat. ii 2114. With pred.: ? is o.¤ ar nert, TBC-LL¹ 3280 (= is ald ar nirt a rock in strength, TBC-LL¹ 5383 ). o.¤ a sāith don ord ḟiledh | tar gach gcined d'ḟōir fuinidh (i.e. they above any other tribe of Ireland gave ample bounty to the poets), Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 92 § 14 . senchas nad o.¤ , Rawl. 88b25 . ba holl cuirp big of body, BNnÉ 328 § 59. As attrib.: scabel oll a great cauldron, Laws i 134.1 Comm. cubat n-oll, Auraic. 5664 . tarlaic Oscur irchur n-oll a far cast, IT i 158.5 ( LL 154b1 ). fo tuinn uill ūire the vast surface of the earth, ZCP vi 265 § 19. pl. ada olla `great privileges', Metr. Dinds. iii 18.233 . allmaire set .i. na seta olla morda, Laws v 412.30 Comm. (etym. gl.). bá-sa inón bíasta n-oll, LU 2999.

Of persons prob. in fig. sense: Aed oll fri andud n-āne `great at kindling of radiance', Thes. ii 295.2 ( SP v 1 ). ben Ádhaimh uill, Ériu iii 148 § 1. fīr gach Goidil glan-uill, ACL iii 303 § 4 . pl. airigh uill, Keat. i 222.42 (poem). errid uill, ZCP xi 108 § 4. tuarustal tri n-uirrigh n-oll, ZCP viii 116 § 14 . imon caocca n-inghen n-oll, Leb. Gab.(i) i 12.17 . ic rígaib allib hErend `noble', Metr. Dinds. iii 170.52 (for form cf. ii 78.12 ). (with prosthetic f) in fer foll, Fen. 226.15 (see Stokes Metr. Gl. p. 100 ). Prob. fig. also in follg.: fon eclais n-uill, BColm. 98.31 . i nhErind uill, LL 8b18 .

Used as subst.: dar o.¤ in mara `the great surface of sea', Laws i 142.12 Comm. , cf. O'Dav. 501 and 927 (gl. allmuire in all cases). cathchris . . . ó chond a lessi co holl a ochsaille (i.e. from hip to shoulder), LL 189a47 , cf. cathchriss . . . co tiug a oxaille, TBC-LL¹ 2562.

As adv.: intí ro charus co holl whom I greatly loved, SCC 45 ( LU 3997 ). co holl, Metr. Dinds. iii 428.29 .

compar. huilliu oínsillaib, gl. supra syllabam, Sg. 70a6 . is huilliu in trocaire oldatae ar n-airilltin-ni (= merita excedens nostra), Ml. 131a6 . nicon ru-accobras ní bed uilliu indaas rond-boí m'ingnae (= quae mediocritatis meae modulum excederent), 136b7 . it uilliu inna mmai[ni] . . . indatae in dánai, 43d18 . oillu oldate cóic cét fer (plus quam quingentis), Wb. 13b2 . ochtmoga taighi no ni is uilliu eighty houses or more, AU ii 140.11 , cf. 126.20 . cúicc cētt no ní as uille dona Gallaibh, AFM iii 26.4 . ní bai for Affraic . . . ri bad uilliu ferann inās who had more territory, CCath. 3017. Folld. by partitive DE: ni bed uilliu . . . di fochaid any more tribulation, Ml. 54b30 . ni dingenta-sa ní budh uilli do goil thou wouldst do no more feats of valour, ZCP vi 34.5 . With prosthetic f: ni fulliu serc a mmac la doíne . . . andas do serc-so lim-sa, LU 1680 ( RC ix 456.11 ). airimh is fuilliu anda coit, Auraic. 1452 = is uille, 3063 . uilliu fit na n-opreoire the workmen's ration is larger, ZCP xiii 27.24 (fuilliu v.l.). With -de: uilliti he in dā sreith do bet[h] air `longer from having two parts', Laws i 138.35 Comm. co mbad ḟuillite a gráin, Metr. Dinds. iv 328.20 ( LL 193b2 ). As adv.: cor pianad he ni bud ulli oldait a braithre, PH 6648. na ro thraetha nech a chorp andaas is uilliu téchta more than is meet, 5978 . bí ar mo chuid ní as uille ná mar iarrmuid beyond what I ask, Dán Dé i 3.

superl. ? rí tuathe, . . . rí, rígruire . . . ollom huas cach cóe highest, ZCP v 499 § 8. in chuid rob uilli d'Ard Macha, RC xviii 13.15 . aonfher rob uille nert a nErinn, ZCP xiii 199.17 . dreach is uille bladh `mightiest in fame', Studies 1921, 589 § 10 . Adv. do shaor-chlannuibh Gaoidheal . . . do bhiodh anas uille ara n-aire do ionchoimheud (whose records) they were most solicitous to preserve, MS. Mat. 581.39 (D. MacFirbisigh).

Compds.

(a) with subst. in sense vast, great , occas. forming a stable compd.: ¤alt: mathe fer n-Ol n-écmacht n-ollalt `of great adventures', Arch. Hib. ii 74 § 56 ( LL 184a55 ), cf. cona ollaltaib, LU 4333. ¤ār .i. ár oll .i. ár mór, O'Cl. (etym. gl. on river-name Ollar). ¤arbhar .i. sluagh mór, O'Cl. (gl. on river-name Ollarbha). ¤athach .i. naimhdheanus mór, O'Cl. ¤athair, sobriquet of the Dagda: Eochaid Ollathair, Cóir Anm. 151. Eochu O., LL 127b3 . ¤band `great exploit', Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 22 ( LL 182b48 ). ¤bairdne (one of the four divi- sions of `bairdne'), IT iii 6.17 (-bairdni), 23.10 . ¤bine `great crime', RC xv 294.18 ( Dinds. 5 , explanation of name Inber n-Ailbine). ¤blad great fame : gním fri o., SR 3323. co n-ollbladaib, 459 . ós Elga ollblaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.26 . ¤ breccad (name of a metre), IT iii 76 § 41. ¤bríg, SCC 41 ( LU 3904 ). ¤chéssad `great suffering', Fél. Dec. 2. ¤chóiced a great fifth , (a) one of the major provinces of Ireland (common and stereotyped): cethri ollchoíceda Hérend, CRR 3. oc c(r)ethri ollchoecedaib Herend, LU 3437 ( SCC 21 ). opair cethri ollchoiced ṅhErenn, TBC-LL¹ 122. (b) the fifth day of the moon? mar ēsca 'na ollchuigeadh, MR 186.26 ; cf. 106.14 . ¤chosnam great contention: bó fri hUlath n-ollchosnam, Studia Celtica Upsaliensia ii 61 § 6 (Conailla Medb míchuru) . ¤c[h]uma `great carnage', CF 776. ¤dam a great ox: of a hero, Rawl. 116c14 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17.5 , where Meyer emends: Ollam, taking it as npr. ¤dám a great company: mór in o. óenmuicce, Metr. Dinds. iv 196.24 (i.e. great was the company which assembled to feast on a single pig), cf. IT i 109.8 and ZCP ii 37.8 . ¤domun the great world: foth slóig olldomuin 'the equivalent of the host of the great world' Ériu lii 76, 83 . sīr methraī oldomun, Corp. Gen. 2 (Rawl. 115 a 33) . oldomun crīch Crothomuin, ibid. (Rawl. 115 a 47) . ¤geis: secht n-ailgeasa . . . .i. secht n-ollgeisi major prohibitions, Laws v 352.2 . ¤grád, SR 628 (of a rank of the celestial hierarchy). Mannasse milib olgrád, 4446 . Maolumha ind ollgráidh `of great dignity', AFM i 250 (poem). ¤gus, Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 18 ( LL 182b40 ). ¤imbresan: g p. uall ollimresan, SCC 41 ( LU 3904 ). ¤maisse great beauty: for dath n-órda n-o., BDD 100 e . ¤muir, Fél. Feb. 17. ¤nia .i. trēnfer, Lism. L. 317.20 . ¤oígi a great guest or visitor : ollaighe boi at' urbruinde, Ériu i 122.26 (hymn to the Virgin Mary). ¤piast: oillphiast, TSh. 6622. ódchí an oilphéisd, TD i 36 (see note ii 193 ). ¤trían a great third (cf. ollchoíced): o. Gaedel `the third part and upwards of the Gaels', MR 186.16 . go n-o. in ríghthoighe, Ériu viii 135.12 .

(b) with adj., with advbl. force: ¤adbal: delg . . . olladbol, BDD 100 g. i n-aonach olladbul, TBC-LL¹ 5449 St. ¤asndisse declared emphatically (gl. emphaticus), Ml. 40b7 . ¤brass: os inis . . . ocēin ollbrais, Anecd. i 55 § 39. ¤étig, LL 27b45 . ¤forbthe: āirim o. `a quite perfect number', Auraic. 1447 (distinguished from á. anforbthe ┐ á. forbthe) = nuimir oullforpthi, 3056 . ¤gorm: for Eithni n-ollghuirm, IT iii 72 § 28 = Bruchst. i § 40 (`die glorreiche E.'). macc Echach ollguirm `brilliant', Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 20 ( LL 182b44 ). ¤mass `exceeding fair', Metr. Dinds. ii 66.9 . cosin n-aeb ollmais, LL 288 marg. inf. ¤mór ( ¤már): rí co n-allodaib ol[l]már, SR 6762 . la sluagh n-ollmár, ACL iii 298 § 66. ¤múad: ar buide n-Iuda n-ollmúad, SR 6574.

(c) adj. derived from noun compounded with oll: ¤bladach: Oisín o., Acall. 740. coiced o. Ulad, 2817 . Ulaid ollbladacha, TBC-LL¹ 1032. ¤brígach: ind o. (of Emer), FB 68. ¤buidnech possessing great troops: Comar o. na tri n-uisci, Acall. 2629. ¤chruthach: Una Ollchruthach, The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 229 . ¤dóitech big-fisted: g s m. (as sobriquet) Olldóitig [sic leg.], Metr. Dinds. iii 70.68 (see note). ¤gothach: Gede O., LL 128a6 ( MacCarthy 166 § 1 ), cf. Cóir Anm. 247. rigraid Ailig ollghothach, MR 188.1 .

(d) exceptionally with vb.: iathu Ailbhi ollghebhaidh `he shall mightily obtain', Leb. Cert. 202.9 ( BB 278a41 ).

saíthiud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saíthiud or dil.ie/36069
Last Revised: 2013

 

n [u, m.] (saíthid) Legal act of overreaching, cheating, the excess payment extracted in an overtly unequal bargain; obvious over-payment ( Contract Law 44-46 ); freq. glossed by diupart in Laws Comm. and synonymous therewith, see Thurn., ZCP xv 316 , 367 . Stud. in E. Ir. Law 27 . a serbad .i. a ngait; a s.¤ .i. sermonibus, O'Dav. 1154 , O'D. 2228 ( Nero A vii, 153a ) i. e. cheating by words (i.e. in contracts)? ar is cach sochonn rofitir a saithiudh ┐ adeir Bretha (sic leg.): ní bi slan nach saithiudh .i. nach brégad, O'Dav. 1412 . cach socho[i]nn a s.¤ , Rawl. 113a15 = ZCP xv 316 § 9 . ar gach sochonn rofheiter a saeithiudh .i. a bregadh every intelligent man knows (when) he is cheated, O'Curry 1081 ( H 3.18, 443a ), cf. Laws i 52.20 Comm . acht rofeastar gach sochond a s.¤ .i. . . . acht co finnadh gach deaghchodhnach in ni a[s] saeth lais berar uadh a diubairt, O'Curry 1903 ( 23 P 3, 23b ). dia fiastar cach a s.¤ `if everyone knows his due' (? the deceit practised on him), Laws iii 12.13 . cor foceird baeth fri gaeth ara findtar a saithed, 6.19 .i. . . . berair uad a diubairt, 22 Comm . ? saer cach saithiu[d], 8.14 . ni astaither s.¤ na docur na sochur foraib, 10.19 . cach cor cen s.¤ (sic leg.), ii 362.6 .i. cen breccad , 12 Comm . ? Cf. cor . . . da sochond co sainnti saithiugadh .i. iarna suidhiughadh do reir a shainnti, O'Curry 2407 ( Eg. 88, 32a ).