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acarthóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acarthóir or dil.ie/126

 

n (acra) plaintiff, pleader: in trath nach derbhann in tagartoir a agra, O'D. 542 (H.3.17, 434). derbhadh an agarthóir is don cintach léigther, 847 (603). budh beag dtaraidh an tulchóir / it aghaidh don agarthóir, DDána 101.23 . breitheamh . . . cosantach . . . agarthoir, Luc. Fid. 273.3 .

aigne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aigne or dil.ie/937
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aignath, aignedh, aignid, n-aidhnead, aighneduibh, a., aigni, aigneda, aighnedha, n-aighnedha

n m. Decl. varies. in t-a.¤ , Laws i 92.29 Comm. g s. aignath, ZCP xiii 19.31 . aignedh, Laws ii 80.16 . d s. aignid, ZCP xiii 20.12 . g p. na n-aidhnead , Cóic Con. 59.5 . d p. aighneduibh, Laws ii 80.27 Comm. With g. sg. aigni, ZCP xvii 50 § 19 . d s. a.¤ , Laws ii 80.26 Comm. n p. aigni, O'Curry 812 ( H 3.18, 375a ). With g s. aigneda, Laws i 90.y . n p. aighnedha, ZCP xii 359.22 . g p. na n-aighnedha , O'Curry 1269 ( H 3.18, 515 ).

One learned in law or in the practice of law; lawyer, advocate, pleader (on the functions of the a.¤ see Cóic Con. p. 11 ff. ): a.¤ .i. fer aiges ái; nó fer gníes ái .i. airc[h]etul nō cai[n]gen, Corm. Y 74 . cis lir aigni? . . . a tri: glas-aigni ┐ a.¤ airechta ┐ a.¤ frisinnle brith, O'Curry 812 ( H 3.18, p. 375a ). See glasaigne, 1 airecht, fris-indlea. ma ra foglainnsetar condat aigneda (aighne v.l.) fris n-indle breith . . . mas condat aigni airberta . . . mas condat glasaigneda (-aighne v.l.), Ir. Recht 46.w . See airbert. da trian na cuic set sin do fechemuin toicheda ┐ trian do a.¤ toxuil, dá trian cotuc a.¤ toxuil do a.¤ fechemnuis no dono cunabeth ní do na haighneduibh etir . . . .i. ruinn ar do itir aighne toxuil ┐ a.¤ tagra, Laws ii 80.26 Comm. aigni toxuil ┐ fiadnaisi, i 302.16 Comm. inge tri baegail naigneda, 90.y .i. tri hernaile ima baeglaither in t-a.¤ , 92.99 Comm. secip tacra dogniat na haicneda iar mbreith na brethe . . . ni bid smacht roairdi no roisli . . . and, O'Curry 250 ( H 3.18, p. 123 ). da-bera int aigni aichni forin conair coir the a. must be able to recognise the correct process (of judgement), Cóic Con. 17 § 7 . damad im leas n-eclasa nocho biad eiric arin n-a.¤ edir, 60 § 142. ni haighne nad óenaigedar ai he is no a. who does not unify legal process, ZCP xii 364.14 (see Cóic Con. 11 ). trí cumtaig gáisse . . . dagaigni do airbirt, Triads 178 . gen áigne ic nech 'n-a agaid with no advocate to speak for him, PH 7521 . inmain in fáid F. / ba haigni cáid . . . / . . . / ind ḟir lúaith o Lifechair, Metr. Dinds. iv 320.6 . cáit i bhfuil aighne mh'anma, Dán Dé iv 2 . dom aighne budh éadtarbha / bheith Dé Luain ar mo leas-sa, it will be a fruitless task for my advocate, 6 . a aithearrach mar aighne / it aghaidh ní iarrfaim-ne, DDána 11.33 . is tú bhus aighne, a Dhé, dhúinn, 57.21 . níat breitheamh ann niat aighne, Content. xiv 22 . ?orggain [in]na rīgingen / bid scél bid fhassach naenrē, / bid ōen di neort na flathæ / for haidni na borime, ZCP xiii 376.18 = for haidní, xx 223.6 (Baile in Scāil).

barn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. barn or dil.ie/5414

 

n expld. as steward, judge . See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 51 , Wagner, Beiträge 294 n . b.¤ .i. rechtaire, Corm. Y 195. H 3.18, 633bz . baran .i. breithem, Stowe Gl. 236. Lec. Gl. 161. b.¤ .i. reachtaire .i. aire no breitheamh an reachta, O'Cl.

brebóitech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brebóitech or dil.ie/6610

 

adj [o, ā] (breb): breitheamh breabóideach . . . rug claoin-bhreath mar gheall ar chumaoin ` bribe-taking ' (Vocab.), TSh. 6787.

breithem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breithem or dil.ie/6699
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: brithem, breitheamh, breitheam, brithemnu

n n, m., later also o, m. O. Ir. brithem (breth). breitheamh , m., IGT Decl. § 51.

Judge (gl. iudex, arbiter in Wb., Ml. breitheam gl. arbiter, Ir. Gl. 366 ). Lit. `maker of judgments', Lat. iuris consultus, Críth G. p. 79 , and in legal texts usu. in the wider sense of jurist, (`brehon' in the published Laws), whose functions could include that of adjudicating . See also Binchy, Ériu xviii 45. In religious literature, frequently of God or Christ : atá brithem and cenutsu .i. deus gl. omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, Wb. 6b25 . ní áis æccalsa ata brithemin lib, 9c7 . fírbrithem gl. Dominus, 8d25 . brithem . . . .i. Crist gl. Deus iudicabit, 9c2 . in aimsir inna mbritheman, Ml. 104a8 . brithem firianamam gl. arbiter . . . æquissimus, 94b6 . 92a15 . dond fírbrithemain gl. cognitori, 26c11 . fírbrithem gl. iudicem, 27c1 . suide bri[th]emon gl. tribunal ( Acts xxv 10 ), Thes. i 498.17 . aimser breitiman, Hib. Min. 4.5 . in brithem firén (viz. God), LU 1999 ( FA 6 ). tri brithemain ind rig sin, 7630 (BDD). a brithemnu (v p.), LL 36440 ( RC xxi 380.12 ). hi cathair bretheman `in the judge's seat', Ériu iv 128.15 . dul doib co cend n-athchomairc Muman co brithem Caisil, iii 140.6 . Daniel fáith . . . brethem cundail na senoire = iudicem . . . senum, PH 5587. doïb bas brithem dia brātha (i.e. Pátraic), ACL iii 303 § 3. do bretheamh choitcenn roæntuighseatt eatarra C. `that C. should be arbitrator between them', Lism. L. 2532. breitheamh breabóideach, TSh. 6787. b.¤ aislingthi ` interpreter of dreams (of Maelcaba Cleirech)', MR 10.5 . ollam britheman, LL 3722.

In legal texts: atáa mí (sc. mí sílta) nád n-imthet rí acht cethrur . . . rí ┐ brithem ┐ dias i manchuini, Críth G. 537. i faitche . . . breitheamun aird, Laws ii 16.12 . ni breitheamh nach Seanchaidh, ┐ ni Seanchaid nach bretheamh i mBreathaibh Nimeadh .i. leabhar deridh ṡaothair na Seanchadh ┐ na mbretheamhan bheos, MS. Mat. 575. 17 - 20 , Ériu xiii 7 n.1 . a reir brithemon, Laws iv 212.3 . daernemed tra, saeir . . . ┐ legi ┐ breitemain, v 90.20 . foirbeir saeiri breathemain ┐ sair corigi biatad da fear deg, ┐ cug seoit dec i n-a diri, 30 `the franchise of jurists . . . increases etc.', PRIA xxxvi (C) 277 § 37 . dú imbet coir fechamain fri athcomarc a brethe don b.¤ where there are competent parties to question the judge on his judgment (Thurn.), Cóic Con. 57 § 133. breitem teora mbret .i. bret feni ┐ breth filed ┐ breath berla bain `a brehon of three judgments' (has increase of refection and díre), Laws v 92.16 . breitheam tri mberla, coimdiri do fri hoiri tuise, 100.16 . secht mbreitheamain nad fuigliter la Feine seven jurists to whom a case is not brought in Irish law, 352.17 . ni hed dlegur don breitheamuin a radh i ndlegur no na dlegur in cin, ii 52.20 Comm. a nord mbretheman `in the Brehon code', iii 30.z. oc dun breitheaman na tuaiti `the Brehon of the territory', iv 106.2 Comm. Note also: mac breitheman tuaithe `a lay brehon', AFM v 1710.8 .

Compd. ceann brughadh is breitheamhmaicne, DDána 89.13 .

1 cích

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cích or dil.ie/9038
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cíche, chichib, cīguib, chiigh, ciich, cích, cígh, -e, cích, -e, -a, cich

n Orig. s, n. ( cich ┐ glun a ndemi thepide, Auraic. 1852 ). Later m. and f. g s. and n p. cíche. d p. chichib, Anecd. i 4.2 ( SCano 80 ). Perh. orig. s, n., but cf. d p. cīguib, Corm. Y 145 . Note also n s. chiigh, Cáin Ad. 8 , n du. dā ciich , 3 . cích cígh f. (g s. -e), IGT Decl. § 39 . m. (g s. cích, -e, -a), § 46 .

(a) pap, (the female) breast : cich haec mamma , Ir. Gl. 100 . mo c[h]iche cen loimm, Todd Lect. vi 83.6 . immacossaitiub dá c.¤ cacha óenmná (threat of Bricriu), LU 8089 ( FB 6 ). dī cīch mnā nochlōitis leis (of Bricriu), ZCP viii 218.12 . ba cenn mna nō dā ciich noberthe i tasilbhath, Cáin Ad. 3 . di chich a mathar Finnchoime, IT i 142.18 . dac[h]ōdar mo chíghi-si i ndīsca, Cáin Ad. 8 . a ciche do taitnemh amail t-snechta, Lism. L. 3337 . a boill imellacha ┐ a cighi, Rosa Angl. 90.25 . delb mna o cichaib suas (of monster), TTebe 523 . ár mbrollach ┐ ár ccíocha leis breasts exposed, Párl. na mB. 562 . Of womens' supplication: nochtaid a cithi ris ┐ a n-ochta ┐ i n-urbruindi, ZCP viii 538.18 . tancatar uli máthrecha . . . ┐ a ciche nochta, PH 393 . cíche ar mná gaoil gá ghuidhe (Mary), DDána 7.9 . Of male: fo ch.¤ curad, Sc.M² 15 . eter a dí ch.¤ (of the Cyclops), Mer. Uil. 61 . da ghreamaigh . . . / fá bhun a dhá chích an t-athach mór, Oss. vi 202.16 . Of pierced breast or heart of Christ: a luibh leighis créachta an chígh, A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 5 . fa ghoin an chígh a chead, IGT Decl. ex. 1271 . do chuir don chrondsa an chíogha / fondsa díona vm fhuil ébha this spear which wounded the heart(?), Carswell 246.5 .

Of breast (heart) as seat of emotions: cíoch maithmheach na maighdine, PBocht 17.24 . breitheamh an chígh chruaidh `sternhearted judge', A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 10 . a labhairt chle 'na chighsin `his breast is full of evil words' (of critic), Ó Bruad. ii 236.z .

Applied to persons in metonymy: a ch.¤ na nóiden (of Mary), Trip. clxvi 10 . cīocha na heaguilsi (of the Apostles), Mac Aingil 4878 .

(b) In phrases indicating attesting of loyalty, allegiance, good faith, etc. by sucking the breasts of recipient (cf. Hiberno-Latin sugere mammellas, O'Brien, Études Celt. iii 372 - 3 ). iss esside abac dide a chichesom fergusa ┐ gaba(i)s a gruaide i nnairide a anacuil `this was the dwarf who sucked his, F.'s, breasts . . . as a token of (asking) quarter', Ériu xvi 38 § 5 (cf. xi 95). Less explicitly: trí meinistri (`halidoms') fer Féne .i. c.¤, grúad, glún, Triads 63 . fir ciche ┐ gruaide, nime ┐ talman guarantee of breast and cheek, etc. , Rawl. 132a31 ( Cymmr. xiv 112.7 ). ratha cuibse ┐ ciche ┐ cride, LL 4941 . ata mor dona doinib / fo chichib macni n-Oeda bound in friendship (loyalty), Anecd. i 4.2 ( SCano 80 ). caradradh do cholna .i. cairdes cíche ┐ glúine, Ériu xiii 45.22 . Hence c.¤ in special sense of covenant : ná bris chíg, na briss cairdess, TBC-LL¹ 3508 . bāithfidear cīch ┐ cot(h)ach, ZCP viii 195 § 4 .

(c) Other phrases. With vbs.: si oc tabairt a ciche do (of Mary), Todd Lect. vi 49.7 . co tartur mo chiigh dō, Cáin Ad. 8 . Note also: riú-so is sínte súgh do chíogh (addressed to Ireland), Hackett² xxxvi 150 . a gait de cígh to wean her, Vita Br. 5 . bentair L. da chich, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 44.8 . mo ch.¤ rosibh fed at my breast, Todd Lect. vi 82.9 . do chíogh an uime do ibh? (: ríogh), Dán Dé xv 6 . a cíghe do dheol, Arch. Hib. i 85 § 2 . With prep.: ┐ Laigh mac Sriangabra ar cich leó being suckled, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 44.2 . noídin . . . Catar for c.¤ , Éigse vi 118.24 . maic a mbroind is maic ar chīch, ZCP v 25 § 10 . rí na cruinne ar a cíchibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxv 3 . Note also: for oenghlún ┐ oench.¤ ro alta ┐ Eogan he and E. were fosterbrothers, SG 310.15 . rod n-alt . . . éseom ┐ tri meic ind ríg i n-óenchliab ┐ for áench.¤ , LU 1666 .

(d) Attrib. gen. a bhuime chígh an Choimdheadh `nurse' (of Mary), Dán Dé xv 8 . banaltra cíodh Rígh ghil na glóire, Párl. na mB. 2012 . cuisle an chíogha `mother's arm' (i.e. Mary), A. Ó Dálaigh xi 13 . fola in misa ciche the suckling month, O'Curry 1876 ( 23 P 3, 21 (23)a ). leanabh cígh suckling (of newly-born Christ), DDána 17.1 . For noídiu cíche see noídiu. Cf. naoídhe na ccíoch, Isaiah xi 8 . dia mbeid aoinbheóil aoinchiche (of close relationship), Ériu xiii 16.17 .

(e) In transfd. senses. Of recesses of woods or tops of mountains (somet. perh. as prep. phr. i cích(aib) in the bosom of, in the midst of, among ): i bhfoithribh nó i gcíogh choille (: díon), Ériu ix 163 § 7 . i ccigibh cnoc, BS 58.13 . learga buadha do chíogh gcorr (of hills of Ireland), Measgra D. 50.51 . Note also: do ling crobhuing chaoin bhalsaim / as cíoghuibh a cceas (? leg. creas, Ed.) a-mach (of branch from tree), O'Hara 3277 . tre chíghibh cíogh (? leg. craobh, Ed.) gcorr (of water falling through branches of trees), 2645 . Of the sea: ceol eachdra a gcíoghoibh cuain `on the breast of the sea', O'Hara 4154 . an fedh do chóidh o chígh cuáin inland, Rel. Celt. ii 226.4 .

Other applications: a cholggairthe na gcíoch ngeal (of castle), DDána 68.34 `thou castle of . . . fair bastions', Ir. Monthly 1920, 543 . clodib orduirn . . . go cichib oir `inlayings', RC xii 60.18 . Of herb: cīch .i. cich girg (sic MS.), luib asa taet ass, O'Mulc. 221 . Note also: cíoch-bhraighed (leg. cíoch bh.) uvula, Mackinnon Cat. 56.11 .

COMPDS. With nouns: sreabh chorcra an chíoghasa, Aithd. D. 65.38 . cíochoighir in chríochshlóigh `suckled heir', O'Gr. Cat. 399.18 . ar cíchshlios cuain dochuadhas im aonarán enclosed margin, Hackett² xlii 33 . With adjj.: cichban cearbnad, BB 23b6 = Cermnat chích-bán, Meyer Contribb. ( Eg. 1782, 55a ). cath cro cearnach cíchbhlaith, IT iii 89 § 116 . See also Cíchloiscthe, Cíchloiscech.

cláen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláen or dil.ie/9306
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Cuilín

adj o, ā

I

(a) uneven, crooked, sloping; aslant, bending, stooped; curving, curved : dosroraind . . . cona deilg. Sīa īarom rosīacht a dealg ūaithe sair a bēlaib oldās dar a hais sīar. Is aire is clōen ind less, Corm. Y 502 . clóen ind ráth dind leith adiu, RC xiii 462 § 65 . in chuirn chláoin curved(?), IGT Decl. ex. 356 . a bheith claon nochar chás duid `its laying low troubled thee not' (of a severed head), PBocht 14.35 . ? Fig. mo chiall ata claon, Atlantis iv 180.31 .

(b) Freq. of hair waving (?) flowing (?): folt claon, DDána 96.33 . ciabh dhaghcruinn n-a cuaichleirg claoin, Magauran 1001 . is camarsach claon . . . / a carn-ḟolt, Keat. Poems 65 .

(c) Of eyes, squinting: Finan Cam . . . .i. cloen a rosc, Fél. 112.23 , Gorm. Apr. 7n. dā mac imleasan . . . ┐ sīat clǣna, TBC-I¹ 2612 . gura bhris in suil claein, MR 36.13 .

As epithet: a trian ro charsat Conall Cloen batis cloín cot acallaim, LL 13522 (Thurn., ZCP viii 72 ff. q.v., would translate hump-backed ). Conghal Caoch, no Claon, AFM an. 624 . co tard beach . . . a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo ṡuil. Congal C. mo ainm ar sin, MR 34.12 . an Giolla claon Ua Ciardha, tigherna Coirpri, AFM ii 1092.11 .

(d) In moral sense, iniquitous, perverse, unjust, biassed: cil .i. claon no cutruma, O'Dav. 467 (? leg. écutrumma). nate ni clóin gl. (numquid iniquitas apud Deum?) Absit, Wb. 4c17 . in miscuis clóin, Ml. 46d10 . inna mbritheman cloin, 103b17 (brithem, MS.). adbar inna combartae cloine, 71c6 . is gó flatha do-ber sína saíba for tūatha clóena. ZCP xi 82 § 25 . scítha láma indrosc (sic leg.?) cloína unjust demands(?), LU 10884 (TE rhet.). ingena cloína Cain, LL 17437 . nírbat santa[ch] immun mbith / nō for ind nim (leg. indiub) chlóen, ACL iii 312 § 6 (indium, in nem, v.ll.). gan beith fa chomadaib claena `unjust conditions', MR 120.26 . freasdal a gcor gclaon `crooked wiles', Aithd. D. 52.3 . ainic nach claon do chathaoir `lest your poet's chair be partial', Content. v 186 .

(e) c.¤ fri (chum, do) prone to, inclined to: atá ar gcolann claon ré déanamh an uilc = prona est ad malum, TSh. 2916 . an drong beirthear faoi stiúradh na plainéide so bíd . . . geala, claon chum beith fionnchrothacha, Corp. Astron. 70.8 . biaidh an bhliadhain sin claon chum síothchána, 3 . na peacaidhe is mó d'a bhfuilmíd claon, nó tugtha, Donlevy 270.24 . atá sí laig-bhrígheach ┐ claon chum uilc, 210.26 .

(f) In metrics, uneven; without accordance, imperfect : is airi didiu asberar clōinrē, fobīth is clōen ma doberthar um nī, ūair it troma a trī oldati a dóu, ar it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.21) . dunadh c.¤, amail ata . . . ar Muiri ┐ ar Martain (final line of a poem which began with `tangadar'. -tain does not adequately echo tan- therefore the conclusion is c.¤ or lochtach), IGT Met. Faults § 145 . áenghuthaighe is í fa dhó ... bidh cláen 'the same vowel occurring twice ... it will be incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 3 . See also cláenaid and comardad (c).

Adv. in fer fodrácaib co claen the man who has left it crooked, uneven (of a house), LU 8391 ( FB 26 ) (opp. to co diriuch). is amlaidh ata Stodiaca gu claen ┐ an speir lan mor go direach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 126.13 . an tṡlat iarainn ṡaighes go claon `which goeth ouerthwart', RSClára 125a .

II As subst. o, m.

(a) stoop, slope, slant, inclination : sleagh do chur 'na chroidhe, / claon do bheith 'na bhrághaid (of Our Lord), Ir. Syll. Poetry 36 § 17 . do filleadh call tar a chláon, IGT Decl. ex. 910 . is binne donál na bhfaol / ná gach claon chuireas tú id ghuth (to a snoring bed-fellow) every twist(?), Measgra D. 5.24 . for c.¤ slanting, inclined : is for clóen in pars ochtarach for laim clii `the upper part is inclined on the left hand', Thes. ii 254.19 (Stowe M.).

(b) iniquity, obliquity, deception, injustice; perversion, error : inda leu som nis roissed imned na erchrae dogrés a soinmigi a cloinaib `though they are wicked', Ml. 39c34 (cf. Pedersen, ZCP ii 379 ). ara tintarrad ō chlóen / tūatha Hérenn do bethu `from iniquity', Thes. ii 314.1 ( Hy. ii 18 ). tír . . . / inná ráiter gó ná cloen, LU 3742 ( SCC 34 ). etarscara fri cach claen `severance from every obliquity', Laws v 118.7 . dia scarad fri clóen fri col, Metr. Dinds. ii 14.72 . ar cech óen ro chí / a chlóen for bith ché `his wrongdoing', Murphy Lyrics 27.6 = a chin, ACL iii 232 § 6 . bī-siu do rēir Chrīst cen claon, 313 § 9 . dia mbat rī bit rīghcerdach / ní oirdni nach claen, 314 § 30 . bothan derrit diamarda / do dilgud gach claoin, Ériu i 138.3 . ní bhí claon na cheirt-bhreathaibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 9 . gan claon n-agra tar eolus `without partiality of argument in violation of fact', Content. viii 7 .

(c) Very common in names of metrical faults in the sense of any departure from the correct form: na lochta is coitc[h]eand teagaid in gach aisdi don dan .i. c.¤ comhardudh ┐ c.¤ uaitne ┐ ataid na claenreanda romhaind . . . ┐ c.¤ airmh[e] ┐ c.¤ airde ┐ c.¤ comhaimsearda ┐ c.¤ crichadh loc[h]tach ┐ dunadh loc[h]tach, IGT Met. Faults § 1 . trefhocul gan chlaen dona trí claenaib .i. c.¤ creiti .i. . . . c.¤ cuibdiusa . . . c.¤ ceille, O'Curry 1031 ( H 3.18, 433 ). Cf. cobfighe celli .i. co rob inunn ciall día nasneis o thosach co diaid in raind .i. na raib claen and, IT iii 30.7 . c.¤ áirme an irregularity in enumerating : c.¤ airmhi, amail ata . . . a tri no cuig no ceathair (because of the perversion of the natural order), IGT Met. Faults § 31 . c.¤ comardud a faulty internal rhyme: c.¤ comhardudh (leg. -daidh? Or claenchomhardadh? ed.), ann seo: Nocho n-oil agh ara orcur / re grain act ge cromthar ceann (i.e. the rhyme between agh and grain is faulty and it is the presence of the `i' in grain that makes it so), § 2 . c.¤ creitte error in the framework of the stanza: c.¤ creite i ndian oireng, amail ata: flaithe niamdha / daine sgiamda cland Conchobair. Lochtach sin, uair ní dleseadh focul beith edir sgiamdha ┐ Conc[h]obhor, § 39 . (On cláen creitte see Stud. Celt. ii 178 .) c.¤ cuibdiusa faulty end-rhyme: [trefhocul] can cloen cuibdiusa. Gabiam la seise soirche / Seotu sochraide soirthe / Ria ndul issin fargge / Gleam ar lessu re n-aidche. .i. soirthe ┐ aidche exemplum, Auraic. 5086 . c.¤ senchais error in historical fact: c.¤ seanc[h]ais, amail ata o Cuind no o Colla no o rRoigh no o Nell no o Duach do dhenaibh do righ d'fearaibh Muman ach duine beas gael riu. O Mogha no o hEmir no o Cais no o Bloid no o Tail do denaibh do dhuine do Leith Cuind acht do dhuine bheas gael riu, IGT Met. Faults § 98 . nir chan gó na c.¤ senchais (sic leg.) riam, MacCarthy 408.8 . c.¤ úaitne error in consonance: c.¤ uaitne, amail ata Bean do gebhadh ara gradh / geal a lamh leabhar a lem. C.¤ uaitne sin ┐ idir lam [leg. gradh] ┐ lem ata, ┐ edhudh claenas re n-ailm, ┐ i lem ata, IGT Met. Faults § 3 .

(d) With other qualifying genitives: airbert cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum / cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 . tuccus cath, gēr c[h]lāon cēille / do fhlaith Temhra a departure from good sense, Ériu ix 178 § 11 . ar fochal-cae, ar claen conair, Laws v 470.27 Comm. saor dhiongbhas claon na córa perversion of justice, DDána 48.28 . gan chláon n-irsi `pervert not my faith', Ériu ix 6.67 . níor áirmheas le claon sligheadh `in perverse method', Content. vi 140 .

(e) Of people, iniquitous, unjust person : oc ingrimmim inna cloen `the persecution of the wicked', Thes. ii 247.14 (Camb.). fri bás inna clóen `of the wicked', 320.1 (Hy. ii 59 ). ni aurfóemha dana na cloen `the gifts of the unjust', O'Dav. 1610 . a claín trúaig . . . ro scáig do gal, LU 8569 ( FB 43 ).

Compds. With nouns. i gcéibh na gclaonalt `curling hair', Aithd. D. 11.6 . bellum for Cloenath, AU an. 704 (see Ériu xiii 176 ). croidhe gan claon-bheart, ZCP v 208.117 (Midn. Court). Attrib. g s. gan cionnta claon-bhirt, 209.180 . in tan no beiredh claonbreith unjust judgement, Laws i 24.13 Comm. (opp. to breth ḟīr). imon cclaoinbhreith rucc Diarmait ar Colom Cille im liubar Findén, AFM i 192.z . breitheamh breabóideach . . . rug claoinbhreath, TSh. 6788 . ¤-chaingen: claenferta í ngaeldais aíndre / claenferta na claencaingne, BB 351b32 . ¤-chéimm: can ethar nā chlōenchēmim / cingid tar cech ler `without . . . a false step', Ériu iii 14 § 5 ('na chlóenchéimmim `in their perverse path', Murphy Lyrics 17.5 ). linfaid cloencheo cairechda / cech rind reil co rian ruided, SR 8095 . le claoinchealgaibh an aidhbhirseōra, Beatha S. F. 1962 . earrla na gclaoinchleacht waving tresses, Magauran 965 . ni ellastar cloenchleir, LU 1002 (ACC) (.i. . . . na cliara ni-dligtecha, `for indligthecha', edd.). ¤-choma unjust stipulation : cisdi coimeta celg . . . ┐ claenchomhad, MR 260.2 . Eoganachta . . . Áni Loch Léin Casel Cloendabair, LL 16124 . ¤-derc (2 derc): an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc, Keat. Poems 342 . i comarddus na Cloenfertai tuascertchi, LL 3876 . ataat na dí Chloenḟerta fri Ráith Granni aniar, 3877 . ro marbtha uili i Cloenglais, 28840 . Cuilen na cláenglaise, RC xviii 303.8 (Tig.). claonglonna in gille `wicked deeds', Metr. Dinds. iii 58.65 . Cloenloch. Unde nominatur. Cloen mac Iṅgair, LL 22459 . Cath Claenlocha, RC xvii 136.5 (Tig.). a chionnta ┐ a chláonmhianna, Párl. na mB. 3210 . ¤ míl hare (?) : tosessa lais clóenmíla Cernai, LU 6748 (BDD). geis dō clōenmīla Moighe Sainb do tophand 'it was taboo for him to hunt the hares (?) of Mag Sainb', BDC 106.30 . claennadmanna tolla, O'Curry 1069 ( H 3.18, 441 ). ōn chlaenrāith co Cenannas, Fing. R. 732 (? leg. Chlaen-). dul . . . do Cathair na claenratha bodes, Acall. 6387 . 1 -ré (see 1 ré) wicked life : ciambad lonnbrass digal Dé / fornn ba comadas friar cloenré, SR 3618 . (Cf. Lochlann ii 51 .) 2 -ré (see 3, 4, 5 ré) word or verse of five syllables (so called because it cannot be divided into two equal parts): it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.x) . claenre . . . is a dho ar indara leith ┐ a tri forin leth n-aili, Auraic. 1422 . clóenré dā inso sis: A rí oirdnide / uasail atamhra / bet suairc do comairli / cuairt cen balamna, IT iii 21 § 63 . See Lochlann ii 51 - 2 . ¤-recht (see 1 recht): concertfa c. for iathu Banba, SG 254.29 (rhet.). ¤-rind (see 1 rind) incorrect end-rhyme : c. i ndebide sgailti, amail ata Mor in sgel Don[n]- do dhul / i nErinn is a nAlbain / bedid mna Gaidheal c[h]adh is Gall / ga c[h]aineadh arna comraind. Ataid da c. ann sin .i. c. isin leathrand tosaich . . . edir dul ┐ Albain ata ┐ c. i[n] deridh edir Gall ┐ comraind ata . . ., IGT Met. Faults § 85 . c. i [n]debhi[dhe] imrind, amail ata . . . righ (g s.): Cuirín, fín (a s.): Cuilín, § 86 . rand idir c. ┐ drochgaidhilg Ata triar conchar ag Cund / Niall is Donnc[h]adh is Domnall (i.e. Cund: Domnall is a faulty rhyme but Domnull would be ungrammatical), § 140 . ataid na claenreanda romhaind, § 1 . ¤-ró (see 1 ró): noem in chotaig ni cloenró it was not an excess due to partiality(?), LL 25382 . claon-rosc, Keat. Poems 319 . ¤ṡirite: cidh don cláenṡíridi ṡiabardha mo ṡárugadh do dhenamh, TBC-LL¹ p. 251 n.3 . Cormac a clōen-Temraich sloping Tara, ZCP viii 264 § 22 . ó phór chaithreach claoinTé, DDána 121.32 . ¤tinn d s.?: tug a cainnt dá chlaointinn ghéir `let loose the bitter tongue of his iniquity', Ó Bruad. iii 212.18 . ¤úall (1 úall): cēim cen chlóenúaill ō Dīabul `without wicked pride', Ériu ii 64 § 7 .

With adjj. th'fholt cas claonbhuidhe, DDána 114.25 . Conall Cloentruag t'ainm festa `the wicked wretch', ZCP i 104.18 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. dfheólaibh . . . ccethnatmolt . . . cclaonadharcach, Hugh Roe² 284.15 . Conall Claenbhraigdech Cernach, Cóir Anm. 251 . egoir Calcuis corpthi claenbhreathaigh unjust in judgment, Stair Erc. 2041 . a Shabhdain colaigh, claenbreathaigh, ZCP vi 59.19 . daoine . . . malluighthe claoincheárrdach `having an evil way of life' (Gloss), Párl. na mB. 1835 . Creon claencholach perverse sinful C., TTebe 4655 . cosin cathraig claincolaig, 251 . ¤dairech of bending oak-trees: san adhbha chlaondairigh ós Bóinn bhraoinealaigh, DDána 109.18 . ó Éirne . . . challghloin chlaondoirigh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 74 § 9 . ar a ccorpuibh corpthe cláonmhíanacha having evil desires, Párl. na mB. 2579 . ar Īsa in ḟuilt c[h]laenrāthaigh, ZCP viii 563 §27 . ó chéimniughadh chealgach chlaonrúnach of evil intent, TSh. 8301 .

With verbs. do-s-claencoraigenn icin aclaid `who makes a false representation at the suit', Laws v 462.13 Comm. claonmharbhfaidh mé m'ainmhianta `I shall mortify', Donlevy 190.16 .

With vnn. claonchorrughadh beag suarach don aithrighe, Trompa na bhF. 2433 . ¤díbirciud: drochcostud . . . do chloīndībircthib la drochdaīni, Sc.M² § 17.4 . iomshlán na míorbhuilleadha . . . do chlao[i]ndhéanamh to counterfeit, Trompa na bhF. 2630 . go ndéin an tsúil amharc aindlightheach, ┐ an chluas claoin-éisteacht biassed hearing, TSh. 3039 . gach cosg ┐ claon-mharbhadh na colna `mortification', Donlevy 126.14 .

clesach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clesach or dil.ie/9441

 

adj o, ā (cles)

I skilled in feats; in pejorative sense, wily, guileful, crafty: in gilla c.¤ sin (of Cú Chulainn), LU 8455 ( FB 31 ). belaig úathaig ochtclesaig, 10394 (rhet.). a bil-[l]aburthach il-ch.¤ il-bras (to the sinful soul), PH 8181 . in chenn (sic) cleasach, chosaidec . . . Tesifóne `tricky', MR 168.6 . bean nach cleasach cuing, O'Hara 3433 . tré chomhar-bháidh breitheamh mbreabóideach ┐ charad gcleasach gcealg-rúnach, TSh. 5413 . dá sleaghaibh fírneimhneacha .i. dá n-aimsighthibh ilchleasacha, 2614 . Compar. dirim is áilliu no is choemiu no is ilchlessachu andás, TFerbe 72 .

II As subst. beguiler, deceiver : Forgull Monach .i. cleasuch robhói, ab eo quod est mon .i. cleas, Cóir Anm. 205 . Forgall Monach . . . / cach clessach na chanad cheilg / manach sein sin Gaedilg, LL 18013 . trí fichit rigan go recht / . . . / doghninn a lesa uile / fa mé in c.¤ cluanuide, SG 105.13 . is lámh fa chraoibh nach cromann / bheith red chumann, a chleasaigh (to the world), DDána 4.5 .

colg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. colg or dil.ie/10494

 

Forms: calg, cailg, colg, calg, cailg

n Also calg. ā, f. (a d s. cailg). Later o, m. colg calg (clog clag, v.l.) m., IGT Decl. § 69 . cailg f., § 14 . Verbs § 76 .

(a) anything pointed, piercing instrument : c.¤ sleighe spear-point , DDána 119.11 . Sinand na bferg bfuar / do treghd cuan a clag its point has pierced the harbour(?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 18.18 (`his sword reached many a [supposed] place of safety'). ? c.¤ tuinne re tir, 18.24 (`the wave's impact on the shore').

(b) sword, prob. small sword, rapier: `colgg' ┐ `dubcenn' duo nomina gladii sunt isin tṡengoedeilg, RC xx 276.1 (ACC Comm.). `gen' ┐ `c.¤' . . . / dhá ṡenainm cloidhimh curadh, Metr. Gl. 15 § 36 . faccaib a chailg inna comair. Dosbert si do chlam, Vita Br. 13 . colc oc mo choilcse, LU 333 (ACC Comm.) (.i. claideb, M). cethora calgu (a p.), LL 392d34 . c.¤ (.i. claideb), 36087 ( LU 9672 ). mosdísem calga de Galión gáir, LU 5424 (TBC rhet.). L. . . . / imbert choilgg for C., ZCP viii 118 § 29 ( Rawl. 88b19 ). ōenchalga clū `the fame of the unique blade', Jn. Celt. Stud. i 86.25 ( YBL 125b33 ). calcc i laim cechtar hai, O'Curry 887 ( H 3.18, 396ab ). amal ch.¤ `like a rapier', IT iii 199 § 59 . cona sciathaib cona ṅgaib / cona calcaib, LL 4949 . scél fo chulgc a bloody affair(?), 30088 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 404.14 ). calgg dart bragit or L. (a threat), 37217 ( RC xiii 446 § 30 ). ra gabsatar (sc. Cú Chulainn and Fer Diad) dá sciath . . . ┐ a n-ocht cuilg ṅdét, TBC-LL¹ 3557 . re dathadh c.¤ , DDána 79.24 (`reddening of swords', Ir. Monthly 1921, 246 ). c.¤ .i. cloidheamh, O'Cl. breitheamh ciuil is cúrsa is cuilg `judge of coursing, music, fencing', Ó Bruad. ii 180.ix . ? senóir cuilg cairt an Bhúrcaigh, Ériu viii 93.301 . Fig. lé c.¤ nó lé cloidheamh an chraois, TSh. 2465 .

(c) sting; stab, thrust; act of piercing, stabbing (in these meanings always cailg): cia adbela [in bech] dia facbail a chailce from leaving his sting behind, O'Curry 890 ( H 3.18, 397b ). a ninadh na cailgi . . . dá mbe an cailg a nairteri (of a snake bite), O'Gr. Cat. 213.19 . tre chailg (: mairg) an gha, DDána 39.34 . i gcailg chagaidh, 73.18 . do-niad cailg abhla na haithne, 31.7 . Fig. ag cailg riaghla mic Alphroinn i.e. undermining the faith, Celtica i 150 § 41 . ro ghabhsat accá ccailcc ┐ . . . accá ttolladh, AFM vi 1970.8 . cailg a sting, Eg. Gl. 173 . cailg an bháis, 1 Corinth. xv 56 . ag soin uaim mo cheisd gan chailg (: mairg) without a quip(?), Content. xxvii 18 . Of satire: a Chiaran cailg carai / rob mairg mas do m'aerad, BB 299b24 . gnúis charthonach gan chailg n-aor `never stung by satire', Studies 1921, 589 § 8 . ? ag so cailg na fine ó bhfuil / file gach aird dá fhéachain the bane of his people, DDána 102.36 .

(d) awn of barley, wheat etc.: gran . . . ┐ he lom .i. cin c.¤ , Laws iv 94.17 Comm. ? itir chimedha culg .i. in cimidh so is ann bís itir c.¤ ┐ caithlech .i. itir c.¤ a cimidhecht .i. ag foghnamh, O'D. 845 ( H 3.17, 602 ). cnet do chulg (caused by healing of wound over an ear of barley), Corp. Gen. 405.5 . cruithneacht . . . / ar bhfás a cuilg 's a cunnuill, Aithd. D. 94.29 . m'uan beag cáidh . . . / . . . gan cháith gan chailg gan cheó (of one who had died young and innocent), Hackett xii 16 . By extension: do mhaol c.¤ bhar ndaghbhrat ndearg `rough nap', Magauran 370 . ar mhalaigh as chamdhubh gcuilg `curling dark crest', 996 . Cf. `c.¤ the coarse fibres of flax', Duan. F. Gloss .

(e) Fig. fury, rage : ticc an peist neimhi . . . go ccolcc mór fuirri, BNnÉ 5 § 14 . maircc thuilles om cléir a ccailcc (chailg, v.l.), 286 § 273 (`hostility'). d'fhreagair Gobhann mo ch.¤ , Oss. vi 112.17 . calg ionTaidhg air `furious as T. used to be', Ériu xvi 134 § 39 . ní léir c.¤ mar a ch.¤ soin (of a lion), Aithd. D. 16.22 .

Note also: cruith .i. cailg nō glic nō crōdae, ut est: ... frim odrubairt (imatrubhairt, v.l.) cailg co cruith, Corm. Y 386 .

Compds. With nouns. caismerta na ccolccbuidhen `the armed troops', AFM vi 1882.9 . For colg-dét see 1 dét. in claidem ina coilgdírgi `blade-straightness', CCath. 5252 . ar colg-deis do claidim pointed blade, MR 160.15 . ar colgdiasaibh cloidhemh, LL 409a22 . colglonga `martial warships', Caithr. CC 45.1 . ¤ṡnám(?): leth eo cednama, no eo colgnama: "eo colgnama, cach na cel", Laws v 40.24 Comm.

With adjj. calgard .i. díreach. ard amhail cholg .i. amhail chloidhim, O'Cl. fertsi crúadi colgdírgi, LU 8596 ( FB 45 ). Adv. co coilgdhirech, ZCP vi 279.z . cath-beim colg-duaibsech claidim, MR 116.22 . in carpat . . . go creit . . . chlessaird cholgḟata, TBC-LL¹ 3376 . in colglaemdha Ceallachan `C. of the flashing sword', Caithr. CC 2.27 . co cródha cailccneimhneach (adv.), AFM vi 1956.23 . do cloidmib cruadgera colgriigní (sic), BB 431b11 . fir cholgshnasda, DDána 87.9 . With Part. ¤ṡnaitte: .l. claideb colgnaiti with engraved blades, LL 7282 .

córach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. córach or dil.ie/12412

 

adj o, ā (córae) peaceful; just : bes nībat córaig diar n-ēise, Corp. Gen. 151.3 . breitheamh c.¤ Clár na Niall (not rhyming) `just judge', Aithd. D. 41.26 . óráid Mhonica ch.¤ , Párl. na mB. 2055 .

léigenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léigenn or dil.ie/29778
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: legend

n o, n. (Lat. legendum) vn. of légaid. n s. a legend , Ml. 84d4 . Originally used only of Latin ecclesiastical learning (as opp. to senchas, fénechas, etc.).

(a) act of studying, reading : ni do legund and docoadsa `it was not to study there that I had come', Wb. 18d6 . ni legend ro llegusa la Petor, 19a6 . ro bá óc legund, Sg. 148a15 . ar legend leo, 8 . is huise a legend gl. legendus, 59b6 . (accentum . . . acutum) . . . legendo (in grauem conuertitur) .i. o légund .i. hi filedacht in reading, 213a10 . a tanic do néblégund a tír do legund `to read whatever sacred reading had come into the country', Mon. Tall. 136.21 (§ 25) . mac becc oc léigiunn a tṡalm la Mael ruain, Fél. 12.12 . fri toeb legind mic Coin [Ulad] in addition to the instructing of Cú Ulad's son, Misc. Arch. Soc. 146.6 .

Attrib. g s. áes léiginn clerical students ; learned monks, teachers ( Church Org. in Ir. 344 ): ind áisso gráid et legind `the clergy and students', Wb. 29a13 . in t-oes graid don ernaigthi / . . . / oes legind do forcetul, LB 261b49 = YBL 408b42 . a llán di lebraib .i. dia tudecht do áes légind to instruct students in them, LU 9638 ( ZCP iii 210.20 ). both léiginn cell, study : ainm do boith légind, LU 1146 ( ACC 122 ). fer léiginn professor of sacred scripture and theology in a monastic school, often a bishop, abbot or `airchinnech' (see below). Colgan, Trias Thaumaturga, translates as Scholasticus, seu Lector Ardmachanus, Trias Thaum. p. 298 = fer leiginn Aird Macha, AU i 524.z (A.D. 1012). Archischolasticus, seu supremus Moderator scholae Ardmachanae, ibid. = ardfer leiginn Aird Macha, AU i 596.17 (A.D. 1056). Taicthech . . . fer leginn Aird Macha quieuit , Ann. Inisf. 808 (cf. dormitatio Toictich, abbatis Ard Machae, AU 809 ). sai litri .i. in ti ac ata saidecht na litri .i. in fear leginn, Laws v 102.8 Comm . dorat . . . rí Erenn deich mbú cecha bliadhna . . . do fer leiginn Ard Macha . . . ar leighinn do dhenamh do macaibh leighinn Erenn, AU ii 160.x , z 0 . ro-fer leighinn do bhí na espuc a Ráth bhoth, ALC ii 224.2 . ro chinnset clérigh Ereann na badh fer leighinn i ccill i nErinn an fer na badh dalta Arda Macha cédus, AFM ii 1146.13 (which Colgan translates sacrae Paginae seu Theologiae Professor, Trias Thaum. p. 309 ). feras léiginn see feras. mac léiginn clerical student : canas tic mac leghind / ticim o Chluain chelbind / iar leghadh mo leghind, IT iii 93 § 142 . a macca lēginn lēgaid, O'Mulc. 688 . mac légind . . . .i. Ninnid scolaige, Three Hom. 76.13 .

(b) reading aloud : éisdecht re l.¤ láinbinn, SG 158.22 . gid cantar na sailm . . . / gé atá léighenn uas in linn, 105.5 . ag radh leghinn isin leabar so, Ériu xi 198.37 .

(c) learning, doctrine : la hógi alt légend `perfection of high studies', Fél. Sept. 26 . mac Mail da lua in leginn léir, 114.18 (= Bruchst. i 58 § 130 ). lēgenn Pātraic, ACL iii 303 § 13. légend Hérenn Ross Ailithre Ireland's centre of learning, Triads 17 . ro alt . . . ind ingen . . . fri légend ┐ gáis ┐ eladain, LL 279a48 ( SG 413.28 ). ar a mhed do ḟilideacht ┐ do bhriathraibh ┐ do legeand rothaisigh, Auraic. 78 . Eo Mugna . . . / dariac[h]t anall ra leas leigind / crand adceas a n-Eirind uill for the benefit of learning(?), Ériu x 82 § 55. léigheann cruaidh, DDána 59.23 . legend na hecluissi, BCC 254.25 (§ 250) . do ghlac an eagluis san ccomhairle Thrionta . . . le leighean S. Auguisdin, Luc. Fid. 3495 . ar órnáid an léighinn ┐ na liteardhachta, Párl. na mB. 139 . See noíbléigenn s.v. noíb.

(d) In Laws (mostly Comm.) written law (as oppd. to that preserved orally): besid n-ecnuigiu .i. i leabruib .i. a leginn, Laws ii 280.14 Comm . deir in leiginn: criminosus criminosum accusare non potest (sic leg.), O'Curry 674 - 5 ( H 3.18, p. 329 ). Cf. O'D. 713 ( H 3.17, col. 521 ) and adeir in lex `qui in possessione (sic leg.) etc.', O'D. 624 ( H 3.17, col. 463 - 4 ). ni fuil in legend cen saire (i.e. all learned in the law are entitled to some degree of nobility), Laws v 102.7 Comm . Differentiated from fénechas: breitheam tri mberla (.i. fenechus ┐ filidecht ┐ legend), 100.18 Comm . breitem teora mbret .i. bret feni ┐ breth filed ┐ breath berla bain bias . . . breitheamh bus eolach isna teora brethaib .i. i fenechus ┐ i filidecht ┐ i legend. . . . Berla bain .i. bus eolach a legind du neoch taidleas feneachus de `who is learned in the written law as far as the feinechus is concerned therewith', 92.16 - 21 Comm . Equated with fénechas: tri cuir . . . nach airmead liubair na Feine .i. im (? in) leigind .i. liubair in feinechais, 438.5 Comm .

(e) text, a reading : ind legind gl. lectionis, Ml. 35a11 . is ed adfet a legend gl. secundum lectionis fidem, 84d4 . i n-immfognam ┐ i ssreith legind `in construction and in order of reading (in a connected text?)', Sg. 30a12 (gl. in lectione). is ed lēgthair 'sind lēgund, ZCP iii 23.32 . legeand, gramadach, is gluas, Auraic. 54 . leighend rochruaidh (of a Latin hymn), BCC 206.33 .

(f) instruction, education, study : ni recar less legind and there is no need for instruction there, Wb. 12c3 . ingen óc alaind co ndagcheneul ┐ co ndaglégund, LL 279b24 ( SG 414.17 ). o tainic aimser leiginn dó when the time came for him to be taught, Lism. L. 812 . légend la sobeóil senōir being instructed by an eloquent elder, Ériu ii 65 § 11 . adubairt go mbiadh fri leighenn iarsin, Irish Texts iii 14.13 . léighionn caguidh is cunntois `training in warfare and computation', Studies 1919, 439 § 4 .

(g) an Léigheann Órdha = Legenda Aurea, DDána 59.30 .

(h) In phrases. do-gní léigenn do teaches, instructs : denad in eacluis leginn do let the church instruct him, Laws iii 40.12 Comm . do-rinneadh lēighean dō iar sin `he was educated', Celtica iv 69.158 . ar leighinn do dhénam do macaibh leighind Ereann, AFM ii 1170.z . tíachtain léiginn see tíacht; note also: conabu indligthech na graidh eagna cin co haithighdís egluis, uair atá [tiachtain] léighinn acu(d) ina aighidh because they can plead that they are engaged in teaching(?), O'D. 331 ( H 3.17, col. 256 ) (cf. Laws v 124.22 Comm .).

Compd. ¤ḟer: bean Ḟéilimidh ní ḟeich í / dí gu breith léighindḟir lé, IGT Decl. ex. 1840.

licaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. licaid or dil.ie/30168

 

Forms: licad, licen

v (perh. mere by-form of léicid) neglects, withholds : nach breitheamh licus cen breth do breith, O'D. 641 ( H 3.17, 476 ). duine ro triall aisneis do denam ┐ ro licastar, O'Curry 729 ( H 3.18, 349 ). Vn. licad, licen.

lomm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lomm or dil.ie/30602

 

Forms: lomgipanach

adj o, ā

I

(a) bare, naked; smooth; exact : glan no l.¤ gl. nudum (granum), Wb. 13c22 (cf. 1 Corinth. xv 37 ). gran . . . ┐ he lom .i. cin colg, Laws iv 94.17 Comm . foaid for leicc luim, Thes. ii 315.6 ( Hy. ii 31 ). maige loma, LU 2232 ( FA 30 ). im snimaire .i. olla, no in fertais loim, Laws i 152.11 Comm . tēit do buain luachra luimmi, Fing. R. 743 . fogeltat . . . fér co húir ┐ connici na lecga lomma, LL 8011 ( TBC-LL¹ 551 ). for úir luimm, Lat. Lives 63.4 . co cloideb l.¤ i n-a láim, PH 2151 . caillech lom . . . in Morrigu, MR 198.2 . teach lom an empty house, DDána 46.37 . béarrtha, nó lom, 1 Corinth. xi 6 . lomáin loma . . . gan chroiceann gan díon gan duille, TSh. 3307 . guala lom is com ba chaoimhe smooth(?), Keat. Poems 886 . duine lom a destitute man (opp. to fer suime), Cín Lae Ó Meall. 20.23 . ? atbert gur raibe in coltur lum ina teigh `that the coulter was ready in his wallet', RC xii 346.11 . Compar. an bhruidhean nach cuirre cnoc / do tuigheadh nach luime leac, DDána 119.32 . creach nar luime creach Codhlaigh `as great as that of C.', Aithd. D. 37.46 . Adv. entirely, exactly: ataneplai lomm luaith, H 3.18, 744. 10 (cf. ScM. 3.19 ). do aithin . . . / a shenchus go léir 's go lom, BNnÉ 252.5 . ionchuir dá leanta go lom / eachtra Criomhthuinn 'na chonghlonn `closely', Aithd. D. 36.21 . mainister Shligigh do loscadh . . . co lom, AU iii 66.z . go léir lóm, Rel. Celt. ii 236.31 .

(b) Of cloth, threadbare: i mbrataib loma, O'Gr. Cat. 482.13. Cf. is l.¤ in membrum . . . hísiu worn thin, ZCP viii 175.20 .

(c) Of a judge or judgement, exact, strict; mac Dé 'n-a breitheamh léir lom. Aithd. D. 78.39 . breath lom / a los fhírpheacadh, A. Ó Dálaigh xix 9.

(d) Of a liquid, pure, unadulterated(?): do minsruth lom lemnochta (sic leg.?) BCC 386.13 .

(e) Of sounds, clear(?): cluintear fuaim na dtonn fa Thromhra / as lom labhra, DDána 111.39 . fáidhe fada fírtruaga ┐ éigme loma loiscnecha, Caithr. Thoirdh. 9.3 .

(f) Of consonants. unlenited: tinne lom as cóir ann, mur so: at ucht, no at édan, IGT Introd. 9.2 . ad cheann: .d. lom sin, 9.5 . Of the initial of nouns inflected for plural after certain numerals, 8.24 . muin lom (rhyming with lenited n after long vowel), 6.1 .

II As subst.

(a) In various meanings corresponding to those of the adjective: lom bhaise the flat of his hand(?), Oss. iii 288.22 . lom cnamha (ossis nudatio), 23 K 42, 107.1 . butaisidh ar lom air (i.e. without socks), Cín Lae Ó Meall. 30.22 . ag fulang luim is leattruim `poverty', Ir. Review 1913, 623 § 8 . In spiritual sense: sgaoil uainn mo ralam go réidh shortcomings, DDána 51.8 (: anam). Of clothes, threadbareness, a threadbare garment : in edugha[d] . . . etir a lom ┐ i ( = a) nua, Laws ii 146.8 Comm . an lom uile, a fhalluing donn. / do sgaoil ó chéile ar gcumann `it is complete bareness that has sundered our friendship', Ir. Review 1912, 378 § 7 . méraid a l.¤ fria nua `the thread-bare shall last as well as the new cloth', Metr. Dinds. iv 332.24 . exact meaning(?); exactitude: in tan na fuidbiter a cosmailius hi, is a breth a lom aignid (sic leg.?) from the plain meaning of the natural law(?), Laws v 8.z Comm . (but perh. compd.). go roinneann Dia lom ceirt ris an druing n-ainiochtaigh `mere justice', TSh. 4950 . lom na firinne the naked truth, Luc. Fid. 3156 .

(b) opening for attack(?) (see Dinneen ): do bheir lom ar chách gidh eadh / ní nár dhéanta do dhéanamh `to do a wrong thing leaves one open to attack ', Content. vi 191 . cluiche teaca a lom ma le / sdailc i ndiaidh dhá bheann beire (of some game), L. Cl. A. B. 131.33 .

As n.pr. m. or pseudonym: Lom Laine, LL 18175 , 18191 , 18171 .

Compds. (freq. with merely intensive force).

(i) With noun. ¤arc ? : lomarc ardacaraid, IT iii 90 § 123 . ¤bréc: ag cur loimbhreige oruinn entirely misrepresenting us, Luc. Fid. 3193 . ¤ches: fóir, a fhlaith, loimcheas na scol the great affliction, L. Cl. A. B. 122.75 . ¤chrann: eire cuinge sesrige / in cech lomchrund díb, LU 9063 ( FB 81 ) (ref. to lommánaib darach, LU 9062 ). ¤derc (1 derc): for ligib laech os lomdeirc, LL 192b49 . ¤éithech: ar luighi ┐ ar loimeithech `by open perjury', Caithr. CC 34.5 (§ 58) . ¤ḟéith (1 féith): cian ó chaillis do mhéithe / do leaghadh dom lomfhéithe, Hackett lvi 22 . ¤laithe: fiche is cuig lomlaithi lind / a com[fh]laithi os Erinn, MacCarthy 430.15 . ¤gabal: bert fleda for lomgabail (derogatory descr. of a person), Bruchst. i § 80 . ¤gall naked foreigner(?): berla in lomghaill, IT iii 100 § 172 . ¤lerg smooth slope(?): flaith Mide na l., LL 185a1 . ¤othrus serious illness: re linn a lomothrais, Caithr. Thoirdh. 8.11 . ¤scíath smooth shield : i leathan an loimscéth, TBC St. 3243. Cf. loindsgéth, 3261 . ¤ṡerc great love : mer im mond (mod, modh, v.ll.) a l. réil, LL 17158 . ¤thalam: ar lár nó ar lom-thalamh, TSh. 2269 . ¤thí: ar ti treasa do thennad . . . ar l. a lama . . . do lan-dergad `ready', MR 224.26 . ¤thrú doomed: ni ma-taet fort beolu . . . at l., RC xiii 440 § 12 ( LL 288b44 ). da mairedh Onchú an Essa / do bud lomthrú an loinges[-s]a, Irish Texts ii 11 § 10. In pejorative sense: an lom-trú con millte `a wretch of a ravening wolf', BNnÉ 151.23 .

(ii) With adj. (somet. forming dvandva compd. e.g. lommcháel, somet. with intensive force, somet. merely for alliteration). ¤cháel: da lurgain lomchaola, Corm. Y p. 91.19 (s.v. prull). ¤cháid: Mael-Isu leir, lom[m]chaid `very chaste', Gorm. Jan. 16 . -lainn very desirable : anadh bud l. leam sunn, Prolegomena 43 § 30 . beither gan mac nDomnaill de / onar l. lat erghe, Irish Texts ii 12 § 15 . fiche bó ní lom-loinn lim / do chomroinn rim, IGT Verbs ex. 712 . -nocht see separate article. ¤nóeb: Loppán lomnoeb `very holy', Gorm. Mar. 26 . ¤olc very bad : léig a Floinn a donnḟolt dí / a bhoing dhí ma l. lé, 24 P 8, 228.x . ¤thiug very close : doire loimthiugh lasamail laighnech, ML² 1183 . ¤thornocht (see tarnocht) stark naked : l. uile act a n-airm na llámaib, LL 12133 ( TBC-LL¹ 5806 ). tangatar side lomthornacht asa longaib, TTr.² 512.

(iii) With adj. derived from noun: ¤chosach: ag siubhal nochtuigh ┐ lomchosach ` bare-foot ', Isaiah xx 2 . ¤gipánach: lomgipanach in threadbare ragged garb(?), IT iii 98 § 159. ¤glúinech bare-kneed (sobriquet of a Fomorian chief): Loscennlom mac Lomgluinigh, RC xii 96 § 128 . ¤luirgnech bare-legged: na sillidi lumluirgnecha, Comp. CC 83.z . ¤rótach having bare roads : ó Mhoigh lomródaigh Luirg, IGT Decl. ex. 888.

(iv) With vn. ¤arcain see separate article. ¤cheisnem: cáithleach cruais ┐ lóchán . . . loim-cheisnimh `constant complaining', TSh. 10092 . ¤diúltad: go dtug . . . loim-dhiúltadh dá thighearna fá dhol ar cuireadh leis `flat refusal', 7555 . ¤fhágáil: a mhaighistir, a ghrádh, . . . atámaoid air lom-fhághail `we are done for', GJ iv 82a (Stair E. Uí Ch.). ¤thúr (see 1 túr): sáer-ainm Sinna saigid dún / dáig rolaimid a lom-thúr `since ye venture to lay bare its origin', Metr. Dinds. iii 286.2 ( = LL 20477 ). ¤nochtad act of revealing completely, exposing : lom-nochtadh do dhéanamh ar a lochtaibh féin, TSh. 9073 . nó dá mbeidís les lochta / níor thairgeas a lomnochta, Content. v 8 . ¤rím complete enumerating : na lochta cen lomrim lac, BB 331b40 . ¤ṡloinded act of naming exactly : ni derna a lomsloinded dom deōin-sa `has not made himself fully known', Fianaig. 62.12 .

(v) With vb. See lommairgid.

olc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. olc or dil.ie/33783
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: mes(s)aite, meiste, miste, misde, mes(s)a, uilc

adj. and subst.

I As adj. o,ā. generally as pred., seldom used after a subst. and never before one (being replaced by droch-); cf. lochdach maith no olc a ttús chomhfhocuil, IGT Introd. § 97 (see however olcairne). Compar. mes(s)a; messu, TBC-LL¹ 3489 , SR 1349 , LU 8081 , Triads 91. Superl. (a) mesam, Triads 223. messum, 228 . messam, CCath. 4606. (b) is mes(s)a.

Evil, bad, wrong , in wide sense, physical and moral, of quality, state or condition, olcc, gl. malus, Sg. 42b10 . Ir. Gl. 662 . gním olc no maith, Ml. 15a6 . dān olc, ACL iii 238 § 12. sgél olc, IGT Dec. § 178 (d s. don sgeól olc or ulc). breath olc, § 179 . ubhall olc an iomarbhais, Dán Dé xxiv 20. oirchin- neach olc, xxix 4 . pl. námait ro-olca, PH 2353.

As pred.: ropo olc a mblath they had a bad colour, Mon. Tall. 52. is o.¤ in cendaige it is a bad bargain, PH 7467. os o.¤ bó do ghoit if it is wrong to steal a cow, 7778 . intí is o.¤ dó fadéin, cia aile dia mbad maith he? (= qui enim sibi malus), 5971 . olc dona sagartaib bad (wrong) for priests, ZCP viii 209.24 . With defining gen.: a thruaigh as o.¤ iontaobha un- worthy of trust, Dán Dé xxii 31. an t-aon-mac Gaoidhil as lugha dob olc i n-Albain `by no means the least distinguished of the Gaels', AFM v 1662.20 , cf. 1682.16 . Inauspicious, unlucky : bid olc ind adaig (= there will be trouble to-night), FB 21. ba holc lathe etha dó evil was the day they came for him, IT i 98.1 . olc húar lod-sai in an ill hour you went, IT iii 244.24 . is o.¤ limm (frim) I deem ill (unfortunate), I dislike: cid o.¤ lam naimtea though my enemies dislike it, Ml. 2d12 . bá holc leo . . . Temair a bith cen rechtgi ríg furri, SCC 21. ba holc lais a dalta dia fhacbail, PH 2197. an olc libh? art thou sorry? A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvi 2 . mad o.¤ ra lucht na críchi in sét do thabairt, TBC-LL¹ 94. rob o.¤ ria C. in cath do chur, RC xxiv 62 § 24. ba holc frisin imper a menma de sin, PH 1027. is o.¤ lim mo menma iar marbad mo righ my heart is vexed, Ériu ii 28.4 (see 1 menma). olcc occo-som máthair Néill they disliked N.'s mother, iv 92 § 6 .

Folld. by a vb., in adverbial sense: is o.¤ ataim cuca I am in bad plight to meet them, ZCP vi 65.20 . ris an anmain is o.¤ bhím `badly I treat my soul' (? I am in bad state as regards my soul), Dán Dé xxiii 7. gidh o.¤ do dhligh déagsain dún though [she] had little reason to have regard for me, ii 10 . o.¤ freagarthar an robhadh, xxv 11 .

As adv. in d s.: nad n-acco(m)bra ind-ulcc (= non vult male), Hib. Min. 13.432 .

compar. messa, folld. by dat. of object compared or by conj.: creitmech as messa ancreitmech worse than an un- believer, Wb. 28b24 . trí gena ata messu brón worse than sorrow, Triads 91. iss messa acach ar gach lo worse from day to day, IT i 121.23 . os olc bó . . . do goit, is messa co mor duine do goit, PH 7778. is messa in usaracht nā'n gadaigecht, 7573 . messa fria mbraithrea indate a nnamait worse to their brethren than are their enemies, Ml. 100c26 . ata ni is messu de tra, | scarthain cuirp ocus anma there is something still worse, SR 1349. do budh measa íad ná an chríaidh, Job xxx 8 . dá raibhe ní sa mheasa ioná . . . (= si quid deterius est), TSh. 8343. Folld. by DO: fodaimid nech as messa dúib .i. seodoapostolos , Wb. 17b24 . `Bid olc in adaig', ol se. `Bid messu duitsiu', ol C. it will be (a) worse (night) for you, FB 87 ( LU 9114 ). is messu duit na mbia de (= the result will be worse for you), TBC-LL¹ 3489. cu mba mesa dúib oltás dam-sa, PH 2043. cid ferr cid messu dom nirt whether my strength is better or worse, LU 3862 ( SCC 38 ). ni raibe nech ler bo mesa he inā C. no one was more hostile to him than C., BNnÉ 168 § 2. As adv.: is follus co nach mesa labras mo thenga-sa innossa oltás in tan ro tescad hi that my tongue does not speak worse, PH 799.

superl. cia mesam hi trebod? what is worst in a household? Triads 223. trí ata ferr i tig . . . trí ata messum i tig, 227 - 8 . cia measom do cain tsaorraith? (.i. caidi inní is mesa), Laws ii 194.2 , 5 . measam bean banchánti, ACL iii 230.154 . a dūil is mesa dona hulib dúilib worst of all creatures, PH 8281. oen is mesa ro gen do shil Adaim, 3079 . cia ben is mesa do mnáib? worst of women, ZCP viii 13.11 . sáeth ┐ galur ┐ cech aingcis bad messo do duine worst for men, iii 210 § 16 . messam cach main, CCath. 4606 , is an archaism, the phrase being prob. proverbial.

Folld. by DE the compar. mes(s)a (messu) de becomes mes(s)aite, later meiste, miste, misde, a form which gradually replaces mes(s)a to a great extent, the force of -de being of- ten obscured or lost. conná léicther dún cid aithigud ar n-iaronn . . . corup messu-de dun (= ut inde maiorem tribula- tionem habeamus), Lat. Lives 57.6 = gurab mesaiti, Trip. 218.19 . uair na tarfaid duib ni d'ulcc, | is messaiti for n- intliucht, SR 1244. fo-bíth na rucad gubreith, naptis messaiti a thorthi that his crops might not be the worse thereof, Ériu iv 24 § 10 ( LL 106b8 ). rafetammár in gilla . . . ┐ ní messaite fria fis is dalta dún we know him none the worse (because) he is a foster- ling of ours, LU 4973 = mesaide, TBC-LL¹ 485. eser ní re ndol ar fecht . . . ní ba mesoitti t'imt[h]echt your journey will be none the worse (for eating), ZCP vii 269 § 15. bá messaide a menma lais a chluinsin `his mind was the worse for hearing it', ACL i 8.5 . ni messaiti seom de sin . . . ni pat fer[r]dde siu, ZCP iii 4 § 9 (where de is expletive = nir bo measaiti seom sein, YBL 112a48 ). meisde dun gurbh Ulltaibh ind the worse for us that we are Ulstermen, Irish Texts ii 108 § 34. is misti dontí leis a ragham i cenn catha, CCath. 1673 (mesti, meste v.l.). is iontuighthe nach miste don fhíréan olc ná anfhochain, TSh. 10911. nara mesti Dia frit-sa hí may God be none the harder on thee for it (the curse), LB 273a66 = narab mesdi, CCellaig 184. adubairt C.c. nar misde an cloc a beith gan tengaidh that the bell was no worse for not having a clapper, BCC 132.7 . a ndul ní mesti lem I do not object to their going, CRR § 14. ní meiste lium dol a clí, ZCP vii 301 § 10. nach nderna se en-ní bud mesde les do denamh air fein anything that he would not like to be done to himself, BCC 262.27 . biodh an comhairlech crionda . . . narab misdi let a bheith bocht do not mind if he is poor, Mac Aingil 199.10 . ní fedar gur misdi in builli ugud do thabairt `that there was harm in blowing the blast', ZCP vi 73.6 . ní fedar-sa gur misdi a marbad, 74.36 . an misde urnaighthe do dheunamh ina bhfiadhnaise? Ni misde is there anything wrong in praying before them (i.e. relics), Luc. Fid. 93.10 . ní misde go ndéinigh Dia breitheamh- nus eadrainn (= may God judge betwixt us), Eochairsg. 102. 21 . cár mhisde bean dom thréigean? what harm if a woman forsakes me? Dánta Gr. xiii 11 . gar misde dhuit airtegal eigin dod chreidimh . . . do thaisbeuna what harm would it do you to set forth (= it would be well for you to set forth), Luc. Fid. 313.1 .

II As subst. o, m. a bad man, an evil doer , nearly always in pl. uilc, gl. errantes, Wb. 30c26 . 6a9 . do dechrugud etir maithi ┐ ulcu, Ml. 19d2 . acht ní ro fúit[er] oilcc dia guin provided evil men are not sent, Laws iv 336.3 . Men of base degree, the rabble (distinguished from maithi `optimates'): is cuma no airctís na mathi ima n-indmus ┐ na hulcu ima mbiad, LB 154b16 . go ndeachadur a mbáthadh mórán dá mathaibh ┐ da n-olcuibh, Gadelica i 130.682 (Pairl. Chl. Tom.).

III As subst. o, n. (later m.) evil, wrong; an evil, misfortune , in wide sense. In glosses the uninflected form of n p. is used after the art. a n-olc the evil, Ml. 33d2 , cf. Wb. 1c10 . ar ind ulc fodaim nech, Ml. 99b1 . cid na olc mbec, gl. ne quid parvum malum, 35d9 . olcc tarési n-uilcc (malum pro malo), Wb. 5d28 . dechair eter olcc is maith, SR 1255. tan is d'oencraunn maid [= maith] is uilc, 1247 (form due to rhyme). fiss uilcc ┐ maithiusa, MacCarthy 52.20 ( LB 110b59 ). olc do rada rim, TBC-LL¹ 3751. olc duit-siu ill befall thee! (?), SCC 29 ( LU 3535 ). nephdenum neich di ulc fri nnech dogní olc frit not to do aught of evil to any one who does thee evil, Ml. 23c20 . is coir t'olc do denam to do thee harm, TTebe 4263 , cf. 2158 . atu im ulc, nimfuil im maith I am in evil plight, TBC-LL¹ 2325 = i n-ulc . . . i maith, St. fada bias Éiri 'na hulc | iar ndith do Colman, ZCP x 52.21 . Goill is Gaoidhil i n-ulc de (will be) the worse for it, Cog. 204.22 . ro feallais orum ┐ tiucfa a olc aniugh duid the evil consequences of it, ZCP vi 41.17 . pl. inna olc-sa, gl. haec mala, Sg. 217a8 . dubartis inna olc forum-sa (adversa), Ml. 89a2 . nícon rabatar olca betis mou (ultimis malis), 100c11 . digail for S. inna n-olc dorigeni side fris, 55d4 . beti uilc immda ┐ imnedai móra isin ló sin, FA 34 (LB). boi C. for dibeirg ┐ dognidh ulcu caich used to wreak injuries on all, ACL iii 225.14 . i n-oirchill na n-olc bhíos ré tuirling orra, TSh. 532. An ill deed, wrongdoing : is suaill int olc dorígnis ┐ is sochaide doróine ulcu bud móu indatt, PH 6473. ra ḟaismis ḟair na huli ulcu ┐ écora doriṅgni, TBC-LL¹ 2778 = olca, St. ar n-uilc . . . admum do Dia our sins, ACL iii 235 § 32. a uilc i gcionn gach chiontaigh, Dán Dé vii 15. na filid nā fitir so . . . cindas fhailgit a n-ulcu? how can they hide their faults? Auraic. 2008.

ar ulc fri (in order) to spite (injure): ar ulc friu, gl. nocendi [affectione], Ml. 72b22 . ar ulcc fri fraicc ind niad, Hy. v 71. ar ulc fri doíni, Fél. Ep. 422. ro fhaccaib Columcille Ére ar ulc re feraibh Erenn to vex, Anecd. iii 1.8 . as ar ulc fri mac M. doronsat an fheall sin `it was to annoy', AFM iii 852.10 . In pl. ar olca(ib)/ulca(ib): do crech Laigniu Fergal . . . ar ulcuib fri Cathal, RC xxiv 44 § 1 (ar ulc ri C. v.l.). Cf. dar ulcaib [ar ulc v.l.] ria `in order to cause her ills', TTebe 761 . do milleadh Connacht ar ulca fri Ruaidhri 'to annoy R.' AFM iii 34.13 . ar ulca la hua nD. 'to spite O'D.' vi 2236.18 . ar ulca re Maedocc, BNnÉ i 208.15 . dar ulcaib (ar ulc, v.l.) ria, TTebe 761 . ré ulca re Cairpri, BCC 132.28 . re olca re Thuathaibh D.D., Feis Tighe Chonáin 1638 . cá (gá) d'ulc (in later poetry, alliterating with d, the prep. and noun being treated as one word): a soithlighe gá d'ulc dhamh? `what harm could their wickedness do me?' Dán Dé xxi 30 = cad dulc, YBL 401a7 . ag Rudhraighe ga dulc dhó? `how does it hurt R.?' Studies 1919, 258 § 21 .

rechtaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rechtaire or dil.ie/34908

 

n io, m.

(a) a steward, bailiff, administrator : in early Irish heroic lit. generally the major-domo of a king or chief who directed his household and whose duties somet. included collecting food-dues or tributes; also used of deputies or governors appointed by a ruler over a city or province. rechtaire .i. rector a rege , Corm. Y 1078 = .i. rechtorairge, Corm. p. 38 . regerent[ur] .i. rechtire forru, Thes. i 497.20 ( Ardm. 179a1 , of Blastus, chamberlain of Herod, Acts xii 20 ). rectire ind ríg, gl. praepositus regis, Wb. 17d13 (a prima manu). rechtaire, gl. villicus, Sg. 156b1 . ond rechtairiu, gl. villico, PCr. 65a3 . rechtaire teglaig Conaire . . . fer conic suide ┐ lige ┐ bíad do chách, BDD 86 ( LU 7184 ). coica rectaire randa lasin flaith, LL 28b38 , cf. rechtairi ┐ banrechtairi ic roind ┐ ic dáil dóib (of household of Tara), Ériu iv 124 § 2 . is é ropo primrechtaire fer ṅHerend, LL 165b28 (of Lindgadan, called `rannaire Osraige', Metr. Dinds. iv 218.7 ) = is hé ba rondaire ┐ ba sluagh-rechtaire fer nErenn, Dinds. 119 ( RC xvi 71.28 ). luid rechtaire ríg Bretan do chuinchid chísa grotha (= procurator regis), Lat. Lives 49.7 . Margg . . . rechtaire ríg Fomóre . . . dolluid dochum ṅHerend do thobuch a chísa, LL 160a14 . maoir no rechtuire in rí, Laws ii 94.4 Comm. ro ráidh D. fri a rechtairiu ┐ fri hoes tobaig a chana, MR 16.3 ( FDG 110 ). do ordaich . . . maeru ┐ reachtairedu in cach tir ┐ in cach thuaith (of a Danish conqueror), Cog. 48.12 . batar rechtairea rig Roman . . . for indsip fuinid, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 12 § 1 = reachtuireadha righ an domuin, 14 § 2 (appar. procurators appointed by the Roman emperor). Of officials employed to collect certain imposts or fines: rechtaire Cāna Adomnān, Cáin Ad. § 48 . do rechtairib na cána (i.e. the Cáin Domnaig), Ériu ii 208 § 29 .

In monasteries the prior (dispensator, economus) was somet. called in Irish rechtaire: rechtaire na mBocht, AFM ii 904.4 (i.e. of the Community of Maol Ciaráin Mac Con na mBocht; the translator of the Annals of Clonmacnois a. 1069 alludes to the same person as `the steward of that family').

(b) a judge? reachtaire .i. rí no breitheamh , O'Cl. (perh. an inference from particular exx.).

(c) in late lang. somet. a herd or dairy-farmer : tug x mba fithchead ┐ tarbh ┐ dís rachtaireada ┐ dís bhainrachtaireadha leis, ITS xvi 116 z . Cf. reachtaire `a dairy-man . . . a small farmer who rents a number of milch-cows ', Dinneen ; and: rechtaire .i. rechtorairge, Corm. p. 38 (= rector airge if not a mistake for r.¤ a rege , Corm. Y 1078 ?).

saeglonn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saeglonn or dil.ie/35895
Last Revised: 2013

 

n o, m. poetic word; according to native glossators chief or king; judge, brehon; aged man; pillar : saoghlonn (.i. rīgh), ZCP v 486 § 8 (B. na f.). s.¤ .i. brithem ┐ senoir ┐ columna, ut dicitur: saoglonn brithemh . . . | saoglonn senōir sīr-saoglach, | saoglonn cech rī for a dū | ┐ saoglonn columnu, O'Mulc. 857 ; the quatrain also occurs in Metr. Gl. p. 4 and O'Cl. saeghlonn .i. seanoir no colomna . . . Nó saeghlonn .i. brithem, O'Dav. 1424 . saeghlann .i. breitheamh; .i. seanóir; .i. rí; .i. colamhain no toisigh, O'Cl. ecalso ... sáeglannaib 'to the notables of the church' Ériu xl 16 § 20 (Bretha Nemed Toísech) . lia saoglann Corcartri, ZCP viii 102.12 (B. na f.) = do righ Corca Tri, Ériu ii 186.16 . lenaidh sluagh saoghlann (saeglond, v.l.) an army follows a chief, Anecd. ii 64.20 . congrenn saeghlonn sochaidi a chief collects a host, O'Dav. 411 . congreind soeghlond sochaidhe .i. cainlenaidh in tshochaidhe don righ, O'Curry 1987 ( H 4.22 p. 24 ). cosegat saeglann (leg. -lainn?) sloiged, Laws iii 494.5 . olc díl i torchair mac Duind | cen síl sorthain fri sáigluind (saergluind, v.l.) `leaving no prosperous seed among chieftains' (? to produce chieftains), Metr. Dinds. iii 150.10 (metri gratia for saeglonnu?). selb saeghlann (of Ireland), Leb. Gab.(i) 282.6 . gell n-uinge o cach . . . di[a] saeglonnaib, Laws iii 14.23 Comm . saolonn súl an bhanntrachta `princely charm of ladies' eyes' (of a chief), Ó Bruad. ii 150.8 . As epithet (g p.): sruthar saeglond `a lordly river', Metr. Dinds. ii 82.41 (saiglend, v.l.). In late poetry applied also to a woman: an tsaoghlan chailce, Hackett x 14 .

1 seinnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 seinnid or dil.ie/36944
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: 1 seinnid, 1 seinnid, sinnes, no-d-seinn, sinnair, sennar, sennait, senned, senditís, seinter, sennat, sibsa-se, sifais, siofais, sephain, sefain, sephainn, ṡephaind, sefna, sephnait, sephnainn, sepainfidhtir, seaphnais, sinninn, seinntea, sendfid, seinnfedh, ṡeind, sinn, coratṡeindset, sinnitt, seinntea, seinm, sefnad, sephnad, sibra-se, sibsa-se, senditís, senned

v Thurneysen ( GOI § 548 ) regards 1 seinnid and 2 seinnid as two separate vbs. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (§ 819 Anm.) is inclined to regard them as one verb (orig. sense sonare). Plummer, MS. notes, also takes this view, suggesting `strikes' as the original meaning. If this is so 1 seinnid would originally have been applied to stringed or percussion instruments but has spread to wind instruments also. The inflection so far as it occurs is the same. Indic. pres. s. 3 rel. sinnes, Ériu xiii 40.5 . no-d-seinn, Wb. 12c46 . pass. sinnair, Hib. Min. 1.20 . frissa sennar , Wb. 12c46 . pl. 3 sennait, TBFr. 106 . impf. s. 3 no senned , Ml. 2b9 . pl. 3 nó senditís , Thes. i 4.33 (South. 48a ). Ipv. s. pass. seinter, SR 1367 , pl. 3 sennat, TBFr. 99 (LL 33176) . fut. s. 1 sibsa-se (sic leg., GOI § 666 ), Thes. ii 48.5 (gl. modulabor). s. 3 sifais, Blathm. 954 . siofais, Ériu xiii 40.5 . pret. s. 3 sephain, SR 2159 . sefain, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.1 . sephainn, TBFr. 111 . ro ṡephaind , LL 168b5 . rel. sefna, Ériu xiii 40.5 (see Éigse xxxvii 81 ). Cf. O'Dav. 1447 .

Later with extension of preterite stem: indic. pres. pl. 3 rel. sephnait, Ériu iv 96 § 15 (sennit, v.l.). subj. past s. 1 cor ro sephnainn , BNnÉ 92 § 201 . fut. s. pass.. in sepainfidhtir , RC vi 183.14 . pret. s. 3 seaphnais, Leb. Gab.(i) 284.4 .

With extension of present stem: subj. past s. 1 dá sinninn , Measgra D. 7.12 . s. 2 da seinntea , Stair Erc. 672 . fut. s. 3 sendfid, PH 7283 . sec. fut. s. 3 co seinnfedh , Stair Erc. 673 . pret. s. 3 ro ṡeind , Metr. Dinds. iv 60.42 . do sinn , Fianaig. 58.14 . pl. 3 coratṡeindset, Anecd. ii 7.14 . pass. ro sinnitt , CCath. 5614 . ro seinntea , Alex. 494 . IGT Verbs § 76 .

Vn. seinm, sefnad, sephnad.

plays (a musical instrument), sounds: sibra-se (leg. sibsa-se) .i. scribam gl. modulabor, Thes. ii 48.5 . nó senditís gl. psallebant, i 4.33 . cosmulius tuib arataat ilsenman . . . mani dechrigedar [i]n fer no-d-seinn .i. mad óinríar dogné ní tucthar cid frissa sennar, Wb. 12c46 . no senned gl. (citharam) percutiebat, Ml. 2b9 . seinter lat co coir cornn ṅgle, SR 1367 . aruspettet (.i. sennit) a n-áes ciuil, LU 4736 . din chéol sephainn Úaithne cruitt in Dagdai, TBFr. 111 . dosrat for a muin mét chless | ┐ roṡeind ṡúan-traiges, Metr. Dinds. iv 60.42 . psalterium anní sendair and, . . . psalmodium anim in chiuil sennair and, psallo bríathar ind ḟir nodseind, Hib. Min. 2.37 - 40 . ro sinnitt a n-organa aigh . . . leo, CCath. 5614 . ro seinntea stuicc ┐ orgháin ṡída leo, Alex. 494 . sendfid Michael a stocc, PH 7283 . seindidh iaram trí hadhbainn dó, BNnÉ 92 § 202 . sinntear cuislenna catha, L. Cl. A. B. 100.189 . cia an traghna so san ghort | shinneas dúinn port ar slíabh?, Measgra D. 7.2 . tānic ruisman a' Ghen. ┐ cheithre trupa na thimchioll 'sdo shinn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 21.8 . Of bird-song: coratṡeindset ceol n-ingantach for muraib na Temrach, Anecd. ii 7.14 .

Transf. of speech: sinneas iar an breitheamh búidhsin | briathar binn `delivered a pleasing sentence', Ó Bruad. ii 278.9 .

senescál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. senescál or dil.ie/37134
Last Revised: 2013

 

n o, m. (AN loan-word, Risk 602 ) a seneschal : techt doib a timcell an tighi a roibe in Sheinisgal, AU iii 234.2 . .uii. mba don airdrigh . . . ┐ a dó da seiniscal ┐ da breitheamh , O'Curry 286 ( H 3.18, p. 158 ). Mac Elghéid .i. senscál Connacht, ALC i 378.12 . do bhi se na sheniscal, BLism. 115va24 . la cloinn an tsionasccail Sabhaoís, AFM iv 1178.1 . seineasccal na conntae riabhcha, v 1708.y . an leitir do sgribh an sinasgal, JRSAI v 360.26 . dá sheanascál cúirte . . . | a ghlún go talamh do threascaradh bhíocont, Hackett xxxix 285 .

soithnge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. soithnge or dil.ie/38402
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj [io, iā] (2 so+tengae) eloquent: suithnge .i. sothengaidh .i. maith a erlabra, O'Dav. 1467 . suithnge .i. suilbhir, sen-ainm sin, Metr. Gl. 20 § 63 . súi slan sothnge suthain, Fél. Sept. 30 . bid slúagach sothṅge suithchernsa (of a prince), ZCP xi 87 § 52 . ba innraic, ba suthnga, ba forustae, 96 § 55 . By metathesis: fer suilbir, soingthe, soagallmha, AFM v 1704.2 . soerlabhraidh soingthe co mbuaidh n-innsgni, vi 1960.3 .

As subst. an eloquent person; a judge : sái cach suthgnai, ACL iii 230.144 . sothnge .i. soitheangach .i. breitheamh .i. adcoda sothnge siodhughadh .i. dlighidh an breitheamh sith do dhénamh, O'Cl. mana caemtheit a suthenga fodusera airiucht, O'D. 34 ( H 3.17, 32 ) = manis comtheit suithengthad (leg. suithengtha[i]d) .i. muna roib aca comet in degtengaid uais, in brethem, Laws i 84.10 Comm , Peritia v 105 .

With abstr. meaning: cúic airdena déc degmná: cíall . . . sogoidelg no soitnge eloquence , RC xlv 60.25 . Perh. for soithnges.

tréide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tréide or dil.ie/41741

 

Forms: tréidhe, tréithe

n io, n. Substantival use of tréda.

I Three things, triad: treidhe .i. trí ní, O'Cl. a tréde remiérbart, Wb. 5c22 . i trédiu, 21b9 . ised trede insin as toisechem do duiniu, Ml. 20d2 . ar in trediu sa sís, 60a7 . trede i mbí nuall `three circumstances in which is wont to be a cry,' Tur. 9 . dind trediu remeperthu, Sg. 3b14 . isnaib tredib, 10a7 . fear congeb dede no trede, Laws v 104.17 . cona fetatar a tréidi `so as not to know the three things,' i 42.22 Comm. a treidhe n-airdirc, Hib. Min. 88 . dogéni Cú Chulaind frisin Mórrigain a tréde dorairngert di, LU 6232 . trosced tréde sund | a thol féin ros bía `let him fast three days here' (Mac Neill, PRIA xix 537 ), LU 9919 . etardheilighthi i treidhib `separated into three,' Auraic. 665 . treidhe gobhann sin ro gheall | nír thecht gobha re Ghoibhneand, Celt. Rev. x 346.23 (cf. Triads 120 ). treidhe as dile leam rofacbus, BCC 292.15 (of three places). rannaid an tír a dtreidhe, Keat. i 222.41 .

Of persons: is iad so in treidi ro samaiged `these are the three who were appointed,' Laws iv 34.30 Comm. tréda imorro is demin do beith for aird, PH 5334 . atat din trédi indarbus démnu, 8390 . cia trēide cētna—labratar iarna genemain, ZCP xii 272.11 . in Tréidhe dom dhīon | ar nēlaibh na plágh `th Trinity to shield me against the clouds of plagues,' Ériu iv 236.6 . breitheamh is file is flaith; | an rí ag nach bia an tréidhe thall, Keat. ii 5354.

II Hence as pl. (with ending —ib in dat.) accomplishments, characteristics, qualities (from custom of naming these in threes), tréidhe pl. only, IGT Decl. § 180 . In this sense somet. also tréithe. tuingim-si fám' thréidhib tigernais, MR 190.7 . nach testa do threigib righachta uadha `lacked none of the accomplishments of kingship,' Stair Erc. 967 . fer lan d'enech ┐ d'engnam ┐ do tredib in tigernais, Ann. Conn. 1401.2 . duine do bá tuigse ttreighe `the most intelligent learned man,' ALC ii 166.12 . tréidhe as ar moladh Maria, A. Ó Dálaigh i 4. lán do thréidhibh uaisle hí, DDána 32.26 . ar dtréidhe mo-nuar is nár, 51.5 . dursan leam ... | na tréidhe tá ar seinÉirinn, 64.21 . déanam tnúdh re tréidhibh Eoin, PBocht 27.11 . do thoill a thogha ó thréidhibh `by his qualities, deserved to be chosen,' TD 10.12 . a togha ar a deighbhéasaibh ┐ ar a tréithibh, Keat. ii 5182 . ag foghluim béas ┐ tréitheadh, 5024 . tréithe nó tuicsin eolois `fair accomplishments,' O'Gr. Cat. 392.32. ba geis dīsi beith ac cēili 'n-a mbeidis na treideada sin, Ériu ii 182.5 . in gach tréidhibh ba dú dfhior, Éigse iv 204.39 .

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