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ad-fét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-fét or dil.ie/440

Forms: adfediu, adfiadu, adféidim, adonfedi, adfeit, adfét, adfet, adfiad, adféidend, asidfet, adfiadam, asṅdafiadam, adfēdem, adfiadhamar, adfédid, adfiadat, adfethet, atfetet, as-fiadat, adfiadar, ad-iadar, adfedar, adfiadatar, adfethed, adféded, attafeid, adf, adféta, atchous, at-coïs, atchois, ad-cois, asidchói, ad-cæstar, adfeissed, atcoad, atchosse[d], ad-fias-[s]a, adfias, addéos, addíus, -adius, ad-fiassar-sa, ad-fessar, adfesar, ad-fii, adfí, itfe, adfessam, adfíastar, atfesedh, at fiad, adfíadar, atfiadhamar, adfiadatar, adfétaiter, adfedsat, adfes, ad-fessa, adféta, adchoad, adcuaid, adchuiaid, adcuid, itcuaid, rachuaid, adchuadamar, adcóidemmar, choidemar, adcuademar, atchuamar, adcuadatar, atchúidetar, atchuatettar, atcuatar, atchuas, adcuas, atcóas, adchoas, adcos, hitcós, racuas, rachoas, dofedisiu, dofet, dofeid, dofedat, dos-féta, dochúaid, docuas

v (* ad-fiad-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 518 . GOI p. 520 . See also in(d)-fét). Indic. pres. 1 s. adfediu, LL 662 . adfiadu , CCath. 4518 . adféidim (: Erinn), LL 513 . 2 s. adonfedi, BB 498b35 . 3 s. adfeit, Ml. 111c4 . adfét, 62a6 , 87d1 ; Sg. 18a1 , 103a1 . adfet, Ml. 99d9 . adfiad, SR 2518 . adféidend (: Ērenn), ZCP xiv 178.5 . In rel. clause with inf. pron. asidfet, LU 3626 ( SCC § 31 ). 1 pl. adfiadam, Ml. 14d10 . In rel. clause with inf. pron. asṅdafiadam, 93d14 . adfēdem (: Erenn), LL 6292 . With depon. ending adfiadhamar, CCath. 2263 . 2 pl. adfédid, Snedg. u. Mac R 14.7 . 3 pl. adfiadat, Wb. 28c23 ; Ml. 51d2 . adfethet, Metr. Dinds. iii 410.1 . atfetet, TTr.² 346 . as-fiadat, IT i 137.22 . Pass. sg. adfiadar, Wb. 18c8 ; Ml. 128a15 ; Sg. 74b8 . ad-iadar (rel.), Wb. 27a10 . adfedar, RC xvi 83 § 130 . Pl. adfiadatar, Ml. 23a13 . Indic. impf. 3 s. adfethed, Rawl. 84a20 . adféded, IT i 74.16 . Ipv. 2 s. attafeid, ZCP xiii 372.26 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. adf, H 1.18, 23 b (cited ZCP xviii 318 ). adféta, TBC-LL¹ 1764 (or fut.?); Metr. Dinds. iv 284.5 . With perfective -com-: 1 s. atchous, Tec. Corm. § 2.3 . 2 s. at-coïs (ad-coois, atchois v.l.) Fél. Prol. 182 . ad-cois, Imr. Brain ii 286 (see Celtica v 135 , vi 126 ). 3 s. rel. with inf. pron. asidchói, Metr. Dinds. ii 24.96 . Pass. pl. ad-cæstar, Bürgschaft § 59 . Subj. impf. 3 s. adfeissed, Hail Brigit § 21 . ? atcoad, LU 3323 ( SCC § 11 ). ? atchosse[d], 5616 ( TBC-I¹ 1136 ). Fut. 1 s. ad-fias-[s]a, SR 1785 . adfias, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.21 . addéos, LL 462 . addíus, Lec. 13rb4 . -adius, 11rb47 . With deponent ending ad-fiassar-sa, Anecd. ii 43.5 . ad-fessar, Trip.² 2628 . adfesar, Ériu iv 152 § 33 . 3 s. ad-fii, Imr. Brain 52 . adfí, ii 285.25 . itfe, Laud 610 , fo. 12b (Plummer MS notes). 1 pl. adfessam, LL 1461 . Pass. sg. adfíastar, LU 3514 ( SCC § 28 ). Condit. 3 s. atfesedh, Ériu ii 126 § 81 .

Pret. and perf. (on the pret. forms see GOI 430 ). 3 s. at fiad, Gael. 50, 123 ( Blathm. 73 ). adfíadar, LU 3454 (SC § 23). adfiadar (rel.), 3436 (§ 20). rod fét, TBC-LL¹ 5670 (St.). 1 pl. atfiadhamar, CCath. 2263 . 3 pl. adfiadatar, RC xi 442 § 5 . adfétaiter, MU² 818 . adfedsat, Fl. Earls 118.23 . Pass. sg. adfes, Mon. Tall. 141.5 (§ 34) . Pl. ad-fessa, TBC-I¹ 331 . adféta, TBC-LL¹ 866 . See adbas. With perfective -com- 1 s. adchoad, Arch. Hib. ii 74.68 . 3 s. adcuaid, Wb. 21d11 ; Ml. 65a1 . adchuiaid, Ml. 123d4 . adcuid, Ml. 110c5 ; 126b2 . itcuaid, Alex. 491 . rachuaid, LL 219b19 ( TTr. 182 ). 1 pl. adchuadamar, LU 19 . adcóidemmar, Sg. 43a6 . at choidemar , Gael. 50, 129 ( Blathm. 370 ). adcuademar, Trip.² 3095 . atchuamar, BB 38a15 . 3 pl. adcuadatar, RC iii 346.1 . atchúidetar, Trip.² 634 . atchuatettar, 928 . atcuatar, PH 3775 . Pass. sg. atchuas, IT i 76.12 . adcuas, Cog. 98.3 . atcóas, TBC-I¹ 1162 . adchoas, LL 245b25 . adcos, CS 8.24 . hitcós, Alex. 159 . racuas, TBC-LL¹ 4591 . rachoas, TFrag. 62.8 .

With substitution of prefix do- for ad-: Indic. pres. 2 s. dofedisiu, LB 211b48 ( dofeidiusu, Anecd. v 5.4 .). 3 s. dofet, Lec. 31ra29 . dofeid (.i. aisnéidh), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 1 (cf. do-fed) ( LL 393a52 ). 3 pl. dofedat, Rawl. 69a35 . Subj. 3 s. (or fut.?) dos-féta, TBC-LL¹ 1773 . Perf. 3 s. dochúaid, TBC-LL¹ 5034 . Pass. docuas, CRR § 17 .

For forms apparently due to conflation of ad-fét and do-adbat see do-adbat, and also árfas, ar-fét .

Tells, relates (DI of, DO to): o adcuaid rúin ícce in cheneli dóine, Wb. 21d11 . senchassa rechta adfiadat sáibapstil, 28c23 . a n-adiadar di crist, 27a10 . is ed adfet a legend, Ml. 84d4 . manip ecoir frisin stoir ad-fiadam-ni, 14d10 . adfiadar . . . airechas du thabairt do macc, 128a15 . iarsindí adcuaidsom di neuch, 65a1 . ciasu du duaid adfiadar isin titul though mention is made of David in the title(?), 72d9 . ní etarscarad comsuidigthi file and huare is fo oen (sic leg.) aicciund adfiadar `since it is pronounced under a single accent' (is described as having?), Sg. 74b8 . is airi adfét de `therefore he discourses of it', 18a1 . adfii rúna `he will make known', Imr. Brain 52 . inbat la comorbu cuimne cen ogom i n-ailcib . . . ci ad-caestar, cia for curu sen siastar `when heirs have (only) memories without ogom on stones . . . although these (i.e. their memories) have been proclaimed how shall the contracts of the deceased be enforced? Bürgschaft § 59 (see Ériu xi 155 , xii 207 ). adfiasa duit cen bréc ṁbrais / . . . / féib leir donralad do nim, SR 1785 . ? in breth berar adbia do dia tigh, O'D. 518 ( H 3.17, 420 -1). atdius dāib a n-aicned fīr / in[n]a nder . . . I will tell you the true nature of tears, ZCP vii 299.14 . iarsin gním adchuáid Fergus, LU 4974 (TBC). adfeta don mac sin scéla na maccáem, LL 8308 (TBC. = o'tt-chuala an mac . . . scéla, Stowe 776). ros bīadh mōr do scēlaib atfesedh manus-beth tenga dia rēlad, Ériu ii 126 § 81 . dothiasar fair ma atchosse nech dúib, LU 5616 = ma atchoise, TBC-I¹ 1136 (?read atchoí or atchoised) it will be a subject of conversation if anyone tells it to you(?). o 'tcuas d'feraib Eirenn marbadh na mbeo, Laws i 14.16 . maso amnne adonfedi if it be thus thou relatest to us, BB 498b35 = dofedi, LB 211b48 ( doedi, Alex. 920 ). adfét a aithesc, LL 12698 . adfét dóib uli amal atchonnairc, LU 3332 ( SCC § 12 ). addíusa dúib . . . écta Guill, LL 204a34 . adfias (atcías, v.l.) dúib . . . a senchas, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.1 . mat cias (?read ma'tcúas or ma'tcess, edd.) a maith `if his virtue was reported', Mon. Tall. 141.27 (§ 36) . adcós úaim duib I have told you, CS 8.y . is ann . . . atfiadar lith ┐ sollamain inti noem C. i mi nouimbir `is celebrated', Fen. 6.5 . adfess forru corbo miscais leo a cheile it was told of them(?), SG 51.27 . amail adfedar ar Macgnimarthaib C. as is related in(?) RC xvi 83 § 130 = atfegar, BB 410a29 . eos no adéos .i. sloinnfeadh no inneosad, O'Cl.

ad-saig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-saig or dil.ie/569

Forms: aiscid, adsegat, atsaigtis, arsaigtis, haisceadhadh, aisces, haiscid, haiscim, aiscid

v ( ad-saig-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 606 ). Later as simple vb. aiscid. IGT Verbs § 71 . seeks after, desires: adsegat nad arget they seek after what they cannot get, LL 344d47 ( Tec. Corm. § 16.95 , adsannaid v.l.). Cf. imsuídet nad rairget, LU 8436 . atsaigtis (arsaigtis v.l.) ar sethir `whom our sisters used to visit', Fél. Sept. 30 . in tan do haisceadhadh (aisceadha, MS.) co duthrachtach onorach ona righaibh he (of the Magi seeking Jesus), ITS xxix 157.17 . Note also: nochar aisces duine riamh I never sought a gift of anyone, BLism. 136b16 ( SG 70.37 ). ni haiscid breth bertair fir feraib laimnighib .i. ni haiscim in breth beraid na fir ata laimtenaigh . . . do réir fír I do not examine(?), O'Curry 445 (H 3.18, 239a).

Vn. aiscid.

See also under ind-saig.

ad-suidi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-suidi or dil.ie/579
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: atsuidhim, adsudi, a-t-suidi, a-ta-suidi, -asstai, ad-suidet, ad-suiter, ad-dom-suiter, -astaider, ad-suidetar, adsuighidter, -astaiter, asta, -astad, adsode, a-ta-sode, -astae, -asta, -astat, roastar, -astatais, adsuife, -astaibther, adrosoid, atrosoid, adsaidh, adrodad, -asta, roasta, astide, astaithi, astad, fastód, astaid, fastaid, fostaid, astaigid, fostaigid, fastóid, -astád

v (* ad-suid-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 637 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. atsuidhim, O'Curry 1066 ( H 3.18, 440b ). 2 s. adsudi, Ml. 114c6 . 3 s. a-t-suidi, Sg. 66a20 . a-ta-suidi, 64b3 . -asstai, Ml. 114a19 . 3 pl. ad-suidet, Sg. 4b15 . Pass. sg. ad-suiter. Ml. 68d5 . ad-dom-suiter, Thes. ii 3.33 . -astaider, Sg. 3a4 . Pl. ad-suidetar, ZCP xiii 22.11 . adsuighidter, Laws iv 142.z Comm. 144.2 Comm. -astaiter, i 30.27 . Ipv. 2 s. asta, LU 2983 . 3 s. -astad, Wb. 10d7 . Subj. pres. 2 s. adsode, Wb. 10a9 . a-ta-sode, 10 . -astae, Ml. 55a19 . 3 s. -asta, Ml. 126a6 . 3 pl. -astat, Wb. 29a16 . Pass. sg. with ro: mad roastar , Ériu vii 154 § 3 . Subj. impf. 3 pl. -astatais, Laws iii 2.2 . Fut. 3 s. adsuife, CMT² 30 § 29 n. Pass. s. -astaibther, Laws i 192.4 Comm. Pret. and perf. 3 s. adrosoid, Ml. 97d16 . atrosoid, 39a16 . adsaidh, O'Curry 469 ( H 3.18, 246 ). Pass. sg. adrodad, Laws i 52.3 . = atroadh, O'D. 19 ( H 3.17, col. 397 = CIH v 1897.11 , Contract Law 222 ). Pl. -asta, Lism. L. 2514 . roasta, LL 22122 . Part. astide gl. adpensum, Ml. 20a22 . Vbl. of necess. astaithi, Laws v 286.11 Comm. Vn. astad, fastód.

Later as simple vb. astaid, fastaid, fostaid. Also astaigid (fastaigid, fostaigid). Cf. fostaid, fostaigid. Occas. with long vowel in second syll.: fastóid, LU 2109 . -astád, TTr.² 1141 (see under fostaid). IGT Verbs § 64 , § 80, 106 . See also assoith.

(a) stops, holds back, detains, hinders: nach nastad in cretmech `let the believer not detain him', Wb. 10a7 . ci atasode lat ar écin `though thou keep her with thee perforce', 10a10 . atrosoid gl. (se mali uicisitudine) suspenderit, Ml. 39a16 . ni astaider ┐ ni timmorcar fri slond nintliuchta gl. quae a nullo affectu mentis proficiscitur, Sg. 3a4 . atomsuide serc Dé, IT iii 51 § 95 . adrodad fri less na túad / isin port co bráth it has been detained for the good of the people, Trip.² 786 . asta dinetan fort cind stop a little while, LU 2983 . timchellaid . . . múr . . . ┐ fastóid (astaid, v.l.) anmand inna pectach, LU 2109 ( FA 17 ). coro asta na heonu cen togairad C. so that the birds were prevented from calling to C., LL 22122 . im amus ceneoil do denam de dus i n-astaibther no tuilithe do radh ris to know whether he will be kept or be regarded as an interloper, Laws i 192.4 Comm. dia mbed da clad íme . . . adsuitear leo `he is restrained by them', iv 158.3 Comm. . . . eoin ┐ énluithe Leithi Mogha do thiachtain cuigi isin crainnsin co n-asta uile acasom, Lism. L. 2514 . o samain co medón erraig ro hast ind imguin ultu, RC vi 188.15 . astaid da n-ag dibh he seizes two deer, v 200 § 12 . mad roastar cach mil díb i mbethu lasin merlech if each of these animals be detained alive, Ériu vii 154 § 3 . Intrans: asdofe (gl. no adsuife) ant ór ina broinn 'the gold will stick in his belly', CMT² 30 § 29 .

(b) Legal fixes, makes permanent or legal, binds, establishes: ni astat nadmann in diupairt bonds do not bind such a fraudulent arrangement, ZCP xiii 22.29 ( Bürgschaft 10 ). cenisnasta naidm na raith adasuidhe dliged law establishes them, 24.1 (§ 39). astud cáich hi coruib bel, ar ro buí in biuth i mbailiuth mani astaitis cuir bél if verbal contracts were not binding, ZCP xvi 176 § 6 ( Laws i 40.24 ). man[i] astat cuir bel . . . cia beth dono cuir bel and adsuidet adi, Laws ii 130.2 Comm. atsuiter cuir bél la Feine amuil ad-rodad Adam ina derbdubairt: at-bath in biuth uile ar aenuball `as Adam was bound by his deception' (i.e. the Fall was considered as a contract whereby Adam exchanged the immortality of man for an apple), ZCP xvi 177 § 13 . fosuid cach aititiu adsuidet folaid, Laws iii 10.8 . cona ndilsi feibh as dech atsaitar (no atsuitar) dilsi, Ériu ii 4 n. 46 . atait .x. nailche annscuichthecha atsuidet cach ndilsi, O'Curry 416b ( H 3.18, 229a ). ?adsuighe crích cadesin . . . ar id comarda criche insin that defines a `crích', Laws iv 142.24 . With FRI and FOR: it e trénailche in sin frisa n-astaiter bretha in betha for those are the strong rocks to which the judgements of the world are bound fast (i.e. which support the law), ZCP xvi 175 § 1 ( Laws i 30.27 ). nī nī nach breth berar . . . nad fri hapstal n-uasal n-astaigther (nascaider v.l.) i.e. no judgement is effective unless a holy apostle guarantees it(?), Corm. Y 1224 ( Anecd. iv 106.19 ). adsuidetar tra frisna [na]dmann so ┐ ni diuprat, is de ata adsuidet naidmann ┐ ni diuprat they are held binding (as valid) by these `naidms' but the latter do not guarantee fraud; therefore it is said `naidms' bind but do not cheat, ZCP xiii 22.11 ( Bürgschaft 9 § 25 ). is misech maine astaithur fri som(m)uine n-aircendcha he is entitled to do this when he is not bound by dues already given, ZCP xv 248 § 6 ( Laws ii 210.15 ). Cf. also: at-chíu a chlaideb . . . ina intiuch . . . conid fri crúaid n-aurrdric n-aister, BDD² 1037 . ni asta rudrad rugnassa . . . manab for ailchib udhpart astaiter, O'Curry 2471 (Eg. 88, 38a2). nach breath nad astaiter fors nach aei (i.e. on `fír' and `dliged'), Laws v 10.4 . Note also: atasuidi for sobus íar córus fine `he holds them (viz. the aforesaid dependents) fast to good conduct (i.e. he must see that they fulfil their legal duties)', Críth G. 341 and note. adsuide fis .i. dia festar for nech olc do denamh adsuidhe fiacha(ib) fair it makes him liable to fines, O'Curry 483 ( H 3.18, p. 251 ). cia met i n-astaither cach dib `to what extent each of them is confirmed in his rights', Laws iv 344.8 . Note also: mani astat in da recht peccad foir unless the two laws convict him of sin, Wb. 29a16 . With IN-: atsuidi neutur isnaib anmannaib in es a n-accomol fri neutur i n-immognom `their connexion with a neuter in construction establishes the neuter in the nouns in -es', Sg. 66a20 .

áer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áer or dil.ie/633
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: áir, aor, haire, æra, áera, aír, áer

n ā, f. n s. áir, Wb. 16a24 . aor, Corm. Y 606 . g s. na haire , Laws iii 92.15 . æra (: Oeda), Anecd. i 4.1 . a p. áera, Fél. Nov. 8 . aír f., IGT Decl. § 115 . áer m., § 96 .

(a) cutting, incising: in air a primroit . . . in air a forroit, Laws iii 306.16 Comm. = i n-aeradh a prím-róit, O'D. 2017 ( Eg. 90 f. 15(16)d ).

(b) act of satirising, lampooning, defaming; (maledictory) satire, lampoon (for meanings (a) and (b) cf. rindad. On the procedure in general see Jn. Celt. Stud. i 199 ff. ). iss ed lóg [a] enech dia aír, Críth G. 25 . atait secht cinela aire la Feine as a miditer dire, Laws v 228.25 . áer .i. ata v cenela aire, O'Curry 807 ( H 3.18, p. 373b ). lan neineclainne du cach duine . . . ina lanair, ┐ . . . da manchaibh . . . ina lanair na heclaisi bunaidh, O'D. 2310 ( Rawl. B 506 fo. 31b ). ba-sa maith frim aír / basa ferr fri molad, LU 9337 . dede nad carann duine / a aor ┐ a ghuidhe, ZCP vii 298.6 . [taisic a] dhat dia aoir antair aighidh [gach air]gid act go nguaire glantair, Ériu xiii 13.5 `[it] recovers its colour if it be blemished by satire / the face of every silver provided it be polished with a bristle', Watkins, Ériu xix 117. 18-19 . ata eolus iongnadh lasna filedhoibh .i. áor go ndath molta ┐ moladh go ndath áoire, xiii 14.18 . cis lir fodla aire . . . tri .i. aisnes ┐ ail ┐ aircetal, BB 299a6 ( Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). doniad son . . . tri haera disi co ro facaibsit tri bolga for a gruaidib, RC xxiv 278 § 15 . no fhasad ainim don air in tan sin, LB 238d marg. inf. abcan ... / ... / docer la hOengus cen ail / i n-áir Midir morglonnaig because he satirised M., LL 1371 . de gaaib áire ┐ écnaig ┐ imdergtha, TBC-LL¹ 3023 . is móo ba óer oldás ba molad do Patraic amal nochanad, Trip.² 2916 . ní ticc dia ēissi bu duilge āer no molad, MacCongl. 9.5 . díoth don mholadh, olc don aoir / bás Aonghusa mheic Amhlaoibh, DDána 73.19 . file ré haoir nó ré hadhmholadh do dhéanamh, Keat. ii 5335 . ní breis aoire ná oile / acht breis uaisle is ionmhaine, Ó Bruad. ii 238.7 . Múscruidhe gan aoir `the M. without reproach', Keat. ii 4171 .

On the use of satire as a legal weapon to enforce claims and demands, just and unjust, see Críth G. p. 69 ; V. SS. Hib. pp. cii-ciii . Note also the follg. passages: cid fodera breth do breith a deda dun filid? . . . is e doni a molad dligteach do gach grad ┐ is e taidbeas a seodu eigni doib amuig i fail tincaidter renda aer ┐ na tincaiter renda airm, Laws v 12.21 Comm. iar napad dleghar an áir do denom don tí na tabair fecht feile don fili, O'Curry 370 ( H 3.18, p. 207 ). ni dlegar aír do denumh um foichligi sétt, O'Curry 371 ( H 3.18, p. 207 ). in file . . . do ni air indligthech, Laws i 58.18 Comm. dia fhélltair form' fiachaib filid dia n-air ┐ glaim n-dicind . . . minamtísat mo fhéich, MacCongl. 45.z . fuabrais troscud fa chétōir for Brēnaind .i. glámadh digcenn ┐ aera do dhēnum dó, ACL iii 4.31 . fáitte M. na drúith ┐ na glámma . . . ar con derntáis téor[a] ǽra fossaigthe dó, TBC-LL¹ 3018 . fiarfaigis . . . cia díre doberar i n-ainmedh ┐ i n-aoír a chionta, Ériu xiii 46.17 . áora ní díghaltas damh / fírolcas Áodha an t-adhbar, IGT Decl. ex. 1847 . grísadh a ghrúadh cáomh crithreach / manúar dob áor aindlightheach, ex. 1720 .

As n.pr. Aer ┐ Aithis, Anecd. ii 63.1 .

1 aicned

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aicned or dil.ie/808

Forms: aigneadh, aignidh, aigeanta, a., a., aicnid, aicniud, aigenta

n o, n. Later m. aigneadh m. (g s. and n p. aignidh, aigeanta), IGT Decl. § 49 . (referred by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 544 to a compd. *ad-gní. See Vendr. Lex.). n s. a.¤ , Ml. 146a2 . a s. a.¤ , 67c12 , ZCP vii 299.15 . g s. aicnid, Wb. 32b6 . d s. aicniud, Ml. 17b26 .

(a) inherent quality, essence, nature: combad a.¤ nindib a nolc gl. naturalis `that the evil is natural in them', Ml. 76a11 . a.¤ ind reto, 20a19 . is trom . . . ho aicniud, 20a20 . foillsigthir as nísel in doinacht iar naicniud, 25c5 . atgleinn assa aicniud fessin air is inunn folud techtas frisin bocht, 61a8 . fri a.¤ inna deachtae, 67c12 . ni ó aicniud na cétne tuisten act is o aicniud pectho doforchosalsam ó adam gl. eramus natura filii irae, Wb. 21b4 . fírmac aicnid ní a uccu gl. filius meus es tú, 32b6 . cesu locdatu as a.¤ and, Sg. 217b12 . ba tressio tol aicniud will was stronger than nature, LU 10730 . sechtar aicniud duine preternaturally, RC ii 402 § 43 . i nd-oendacht aicnid ┐ i trédacht persainde, PH 7086 . ro túaslaicthe for a.¤ na ndul dia ndernta they have been dissolved into the nature of the elements from which they were made (of the dead), LU 2518 . muna raibhe i nacchaid aiccnidh contrary to nature, ZCP x 16.23 . tīagat sium asa n-aignedaib cōirib they leave their proper natures(?), viii 104.7 . aigneadh an ois éigcríona the instinct of the young stag, Content. xxv 7 . aigned suighte fil indti sen they have magnetic properties (of stones), BB 7a13 . a oifficech dia dīrgadh i n-a aignedh cōir `a driver directing it in its proper function' (of a mill), Fl. Earls 72.16 . Opposed to poetical invention: is fuirmed filed romīdair ina hanmand sa dona airc[h]etluib do ṡluind na n-ilaltae . . ., nī ha.¤ romīdir leo, Corm. Y 41 . Attrib. g s.: is firindi aignidh dia lentais `they followed Natural Truth', IT iii 202 § 80 . ferinnsci aicnid, is e in fer, ferinnsci saerda, is e an neam i.e. natural as oppd. to conventional masculine, Auraic. 595 = f. aigenta, 3126 (cf. aicnetae).

Nature as a basis of law: cid i n-agar breithemnus berla Feini? . . . i fir ┐ dliged ┐ aignead, Laws v 2.2 . fir n-aignaid, 430.23 . i mbreathaib aicnigh ┐ cuibse in judgements oḟ nature and conscience, 452.20 . a fir breith iar cubus ┐ aigne, ii 18.20 Comm. a hurd Feine ┐ aicnidh, v 466.21 . in tan na fuidbiter a cosmailius hi is a breth a lom-aignid `when no parallel case is found it is to be taken from bare nature', 8.z Comm.

In phr. fo a.¤ according to the nature of: fo aigned a graid, BCrólige § 21 . is fiach fo a.¤ ar inti dorinne, § 61. fo a.¤ na ré, O'D. 1651 (H. 5.15, p. 21a). fo a.¤ na fogla `according to the nature of the trespass', Laws iv 76.1 Comm. fo a.¤ cetmuindtire urnadma no adaltraige, 44.y Comm. fo aignedh craind, 170.15 Comm.

(b) mind, spirit, feeling: do ṡaine ergna ┐ aigenta ┐ inntlechta, CCath. 1617 . dearóile th'intinne ┐ th' aigeanta `how miserable thy mind and spirit', Keat. iii 3150 . cessis a menma ┐ a a.¤ ┐ a innithim forthu, CRR § 26 . tuc toil a menman ┐ a haigenta dhí, RC xxix 132 § 46 . as gairdiugud menman ┐ aicenta dúin, Acall. 287 . ar dorat Dia a seirc ┐ a grad fom a.¤ , BB 239b2 . ra érig . . . fích immarcraid i nacentaib ánruth, LL 240a13 ( TTr. 1724 ). go ndearna . . . taom budh aithreach dá aigneadh, TD 17.59 . do chuaid a aigned as a inadh he was beside himself, Celt. Rev. iii 10.31 . aigneadh dúnta 'gun rígh ruind since the king's mind is closed against us, Ériu iv 220.19 . ba brisedh aiccnid mor la Cesair sin `that was a great heartbreak to Caesar,' CCath. 3321 . In phrase do-ice a.¤ x for x is moved (towards, by) (cf. do-icc cride for, s.v. do-icc II a): tainig aignedh C. andsin ar briathraib na hingine C. was greatly moved at the girl's words, TTebe 4606 . tanic a n-a.¤ co mor forro the Greeks were greatly moved for them, 3125 . In sense of high spirit, courage: mosgail th'aigneadh, eirg ad lúireach, SGS iv 138 § 5 . anger, wrath: eirghidh a.¤ in cleirig friu, Lism. L. 2972 . ni lamdhais . . . ní dó . . . ar mhét a aicnidh, 2999 . rocendsaiged . . . a.¤ O., TTebe 2959 . do ḟiuch a ḟearg ┐ do ardaigh a aigneadh, ML 138.30 . amal rochúala Cairpre / téit a a.¤ i n-airdde `his anger is roused', Metr. Dinds. iii 444.66 . benaidh aignedh Molaga fris et téitt bás Molaga's anger struck him, Irish Texts iii 21 § 18 .

(c) disposition, character, behaviour: a.¤ ailgen cen ainble, ZCP vi 264 § 10 . ronbé ō christ aigned n-arge, ACL iii 297 § 55 . ba hanrata a.¤ ind fir sin, TTebe 1544 . fear dob aithreamhail n-aignidh `like his father in disposition', TD 17.37 . a Eoin go n-aigneadh coluim (to John the Baptist), Dán Dé xi 19 .

(d) mind, attention, thought: ni roibe a aigned isin ernaighthi, RC xii 330 § 18 . suidh th'aigneadh im uradhall `do thou heed my words', Dán Dé xi 2 . caide th'a.¤ uimmi siút? opinion, Acall. 7537 . intention, idea: an t-aignedh do g[h]abhabhair do láimh `the said resolution you have taken', Ériu xv 50.29 . fillem go ár ccéudaignedh uime so, Geneal. Tracts 20.16 . ar demni ind aicnid, lúthige ind láthair ┐ méit na gaile the certainty of the intention (of performing a feat), LU 9142 ( FB 88 ). a chor i gcrích do réir aigeanta an tí dar thiomna é, TSh. 6145 . In phrase is a.¤ la: ní bad aigned la haon co fetfaide a ngeinemain nobody would ever imagine, Aisl. Tond. 109.2 . más aiccnedh libh a lenmain `if ye mean to abide by it', BNnÉ 288 § 276 . atá i n-a.¤: ni fuil i n-aigniudh co bfuighbhe an breth connaighe o Ultaibh it is not to be expected that you will get the reward you expect from the U., ZCP xiv 226.6 . dia mbeith in aigneadh dhó a shláinte dfaghbail if he were likely to recover his health, AFM v 1772.9 .

(e) knowledge, science (cf. 1 ecna(e)): dá n-iccad a.¤ oendrúad if the skill of any druid were of avail, LU 3549 ( SCC § 29 ). ard shaoi . . . in gach aicniudh atces do dhuine, AFM ii 1166.16 . gebé haigneadh ar a dtiubhra mé aire `to what study soever I apply myself', Carswell 195.9 (O'Rahilly compares aigniodh nuaidhe, Desid. 6449 , see p. 362).

1 ail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ail or dil.ie/954
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: oil, oili

n i and k, f. (See GOI § 320 and ZCP xvi p. 183 ). oil f. (g s. and n p. oili), IGT Decl. § 14 .

(a) boulder, rock: cid armbad spiritalis ind a.¤ . . . isi ede ind a.¤ rúnde, Wb. 11a19 . asind a.¤ `out of the rock', Ml. 93b9 . in lind . . ./ do ḟuc doib asind ailig (: maig), SR 4068 . dind a.¤ tuargabad asin tiprait, Trip.² 1067 . co mmemaid a chenn frisin n-ailich, 1507 . cobsaide ailech `firmness of rock', Thes. ii 356.4 . a.¤ (.i. cloch) trom, LU 9949 . petra lasin Laitneoir, a.¤ lasin nGaedel, Auraic. 1087 . dobertha ailge arda foa doitib, RC xii 434 § 37 . mo shuidiugad amal cech nailig ele isin múr clochisea, LB 157b8 . bás Mongāin . . . don a.¤ doteilcc Artūir air, ZCP vi 269 § 7 . enghuba esa ra ha.¤ , SG 366.25 . do bhí an oil ar muin Mhuire / far loigh tuir na trócaire (of the stone at the mouth of Christ's tomb), DDána 20.42 . atā foillicht a choss issin ailigh, Fl. Earls 208.22 . a.¤ .i. cloch, O'Cl. a.¤ áobhta .i. ail aithbhe .i. cloch frith ar tráigh, ib. With defining gen.: a.¤ chloiche large stone: ro bai a.¤ chloche ar a cind, IT i 82.2 . trascraid . . . oilche cloch forru, Aen. 2209 . darsin oilig cloiche, LB 126b23 . a.¤ adartha see 1 adrad. Fig. a a.¤ na sonairte (in a litany to the Trinity), Hib. Min. 43.12 . uathmar a.¤ (of God), SR 4773 . Of persons: ind a.¤ bratha . . . in t-occlaech ard allata, CCath. 2917 . in a.¤ mbratha nach fuilget nerta trenmiled, BB 419b16 . a.¤ cothaighthe gacha comlainn, AFM v 1340.17 . a.¤ ollaman a firmly established teacher, ZCP iv 237.27 . a.¤ firindi, Anecd. ii 8.24 ( Airne F. 272 ). ? Moisi mo cech n-a.¤ / i toisigecht in popail, SR 4451 . Aron ba amru cech n-a.¤ , 4513 .

In n.loc.: Colmán Alo, Thes. ii 269.41 (Ardm.) aduersum Coirthech regem Aloo C. king of Ail (Clúade), 271.33 . See also Hog. Onom.

Compd. ¤-bla stone boundary-mark, Laws iv 142.16 .

(b) grave-stone (cf. 3 oil): cu fil a ailcha imbi, Fianaig. 38.12 . cid glic fri ailchi uara `though he be cunning at carving cold stones', Fél. 188.9 . oil adhmaid a stone of remembrance, Ériu x 80 § 42 . beim fri ailchi aicetail .i. co mbi aicetul anma in fir nod cren accomul noguim .i. ogum na creca do beth illic firt, O'Curry 484 ( H 3.18, 251 ). iomdha oil úir san eing-se, DDána 92.2 . ail leachta grave-stone , Laws iv 142.17 Comm.

(c) monument, memorial(?) (cf. ailad?): forácaib ailgi ┐ airisni da márgnímaib, LL 221a33 ( TTr. 299 ). rolín in domun uili d'algib a nirt ┐ a níachais, 222a46 (ib. 380). d'ailgib ┐ d'air[is]nib a nirt, 225b45 (635). ailche ┐ airise a gnim, BB 414b45 . dia ailgib ┐ día gaiscedhaib, TTr.² 1501 .

(d) foundation, basis (of law, etc.): ar it é trénailig (trenailche, trenailce, MSS) in sin frisa n-astaiter bretha in betho, QML xiii 4 § 1 . is and do-n-icfad na duba digeanna cen a.¤ cen fasach `without foundation without precedent', Laws v 480.20 . co nailchib roscud ┐ fasach ┐ testemuin, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). breth cen ailig, Triads 244 .i. gan hailche 'na timchioll, .i. rosg ┐ fasach, p. 43 . Sencha . . . ni conberedh breth ngua gin teora ailche astudha cacha bretha, Laws i 24.23 . sruth do aill . . . do foxla ailche . . . imtha samlaidh in fer samailter fris; baidhidh droch leighniudha fortabhraidsi co nailchib testemna ┐ cedfaidhi, iv 356.12 . ni íadat iubaili for étechti a.¤ , LU 3473 `prescriptive periods should not close upon a foundation of illegality', SCC p. 34 . is ae fo a.¤ .i. iubaile tsaorratha inso, Laws ii 198.2 Comm. ?laighidh a.¤ for naesaib, iii 220.21, 24 , 226.21 . a.¤ .i. dliged no briathra, O'Dav. 631 . a.¤ .i. dliged (B. na f.), ZCP v 486 § 6 . a.¤ (also ailech) anscui(ch) the lit. immoveable rock i.e. unshakeable testimony: for-toing a.¤ anscuichthe lais (.i. for-toing airdi no aimseir . . . no laid no litteir . . . it hē mairb in sin fortongat for biu, nī fortongar cenaib) an immoveable rock testifies along with him (i.e. a sign or time . . . or a lay or letter . . ., those are the dead that testify against the living, without them there is no over-ruling testimony) ZCP xv 361 § 46 (xvi 228) . feitheam for-toing fir fri hailche andscuithe, O'Curry 1890 ( 23 P 3, 22 ). it he a secht in sin con-osnat cach n-imt[h]aithbech: fiadnaisi inraici, ailig anscui[ch]thi . . ., Bürgschaft 21 § 62 . tri filidecht techtai, tri ailge anscuichthi, tri airmitin sen, ZCP xii 363.35 . ni ruc C. breth riam cen teora ailig ancsui[ch]thi breth occa .i. ailig aicnid gaisi etc., CF 73.4 ( SG 89.30 ). ?do fuair . . . a liomhdha (= líomhadh?) an algaibh `in the noble arts', Oss. v 146.5 . See also under 1 all

Cf. 1 ailech.

ainces

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainces or dil.ie/1190
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ainces, aingcess, ainces, Aṅgciss, aingcessa, ainchesa, aincesa, angcessa, aincis, aṅceiss, ingcis, aingcis, aiṅgciss, ainciss, aṅceiss, aingcisi, angcisi, aṅgcissi, ainchios, ainches, ánchesa, anchesuib, nAṅgciss

n Form and inflection variable. (i) n s. ainces, Ériu v 94.24 . aingcess, LU 8215 . a s. ainces, Trip.² 172 . g s. Aṅgciss (n.pr.) (: riss), LL 3281 , (: geiss, 3353 ). n p. aingcessa, LU 10831 = ainchesa, Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE2.) (see below). a p. aincesa, Laws v 352.20 . angcessa, Ériu i 218 § 3 . (ii) n s. aincis, LU 6144 ( TBC-I¹ 1657 ). aṅceiss, RC xiii 446 § 27 . ingcis, Ériu iv 54 § 25 . an aingcis , TSh. 3303 . a s. aiṅgciss, TBC-I¹ 263 ( aingcess, LU 4754 ). ainciss, Metr. Dinds. iv 242.30 . aṅceiss, ZCP xi 83 § 28 . g s. aingcisi, BNnÉ 128.27 . angcisi, 126.33 . n p. aṅgcissi, LL 3366 . (iii) ainches (perh. separate word, cf. ceis f. = ceist, Contribb. p. xxvi s.v. cesach) a s. ainchios, A IV 1, 98.10 . d s. ainches, Ériu xii 186 § 18 (TE2). n p. ánchesa, 178 § 6 (ib.). d p. anchesuib, Laws ii 66.15 .

(a) pain, ailment, complaint: ní no ícad a ances (: les), LU 4292 . a nol meda dí dobreth / nī bo ances cech thucai `'twas no hurt whoever gave it', Thes. ii 347.4 (Hy. v) .i. ni bu domain, 348.26 . cethri . . . cen tedmann cen aṅceiss (aṅces foraib, v.l.), ZCP xi 83 § 28 . forithin gach angcisi etar dáoinibh ┐ cethraibh, BNnÉ 126.33 . ós siabhradh meallta meise / gan súil éirghe ón aincis-se, Dánta Gr. 47.58 . tréde neimthigedar liaig: dígallræ, díainme, comchissi cen ainchiss (ainces, v.l.) `a painless examination', Triads 119 (? or under (c) infra, certain diagnosis). Frequ. in association with galar: ro ícc cech ngalar ┐ cech n-a.¤ , Trip.² 172 . is ed fotera galar ┐ angcessa forsna clanna, Ériu i 218 § 3 . gallra ┐ aincesa, Laws v 352.20 . Note also: [fer] . . . don fainicc galar nainches, an unknown disease(?), RC iii 344.20 ( n-ainchis, Aisl. Óeng. 47 § 4 ); ?leg. galar ┐ ainces (but cf. (c) infra). saíba ┐ mortlada, ┐ gallra, ancessa for tuatha, ZCP xi 89 § 18 . Cf. galar .i. gnáthach ┐ aincis .i. ingnathach, O'Dav. 1049 . a sore: gerr ┐ loisg an aingcis 'cut and burn the sore' Celtica ii 34 § 8 .

(b) difficulty, trouble, vexation, annoyance: bid aingcess la Ultu in dal so do gleód it will be impossible, LU 8215 ( FB 16 ). ba aincis mór lei an ro bíth leis día slógaib she was greatly disturbed, 6144 (TBC). ba aingcess laiss in dál dodfánic he was perplexed about the matter, 8774 ( FB 58 ). is torcda . . . no taí frim mor decrai ┐ mór aingcessa do thabairt form, 10831 = mórdhecrai ┐ mórainchesa `to lay such hardship and infliction upon me', Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE2.). iarsain imsaitis for deis / cen sil n-úabair na haincceiss, SR 1126 . noco tucad cucci ríam aṅceiss bud doilgiu leo `a more grievous annoyance', RC xiii 446 § 27 . cach aincis tar a racha a furtacht . . . dó, Acall. 6778 . agh ┐ accais ┐ aingces, LL 404b24 . ní ruirmiu . . . a tainic de ancessaib Eireann, AFM ii 600.17 . aingcis .i. mallachd, O'Cl. Fig. Of persons etc.: o 'tcuala . . . in n-ainceis sin (i.e. Antaeus) icc indredh na hAffraicci, CCath. 2920 . na hamaiti ┐ na haincisi atá ac milliud in tiri, Acall. 6767 . Of weather: bile Tortan trom a ḟúaim / fri hainciss síne rorúaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 242.30 . ro ferastur tromsneachta mor ┐ aincis ḟuardachta ar in cóiced, Acall. 3508 .

(c) doubt, difficulty, perplexity (frequ. ainches in this meaning): cid dogenaidh . . . don ainches doforfainicc `what will you do because of the doubt that has come upon you?' Ériu xii 186 § 18 (TE2.). do ceist ┐ do ances for Senchān in scēl sin S. was perplexed and uncertain about that story (the Táin), ACL iii 4.18 . fer dana . . . do ná bi ces na a.¤ i gcetheoruibh rannuibh fis filidhechta, Ériu xiii 18.10 ; cf. O'Dav. 409 : ces .i. gnáthach, a.¤ .i. ingnáthach [ut est] dí na bí ces na a.¤ i cetheoraib randaib fesa na filidechta (so in etymol. gloss on éces: .i. dona bi ces na ha.¤ do fhastodh fair, Laws iv 358.1 Comm. ēces .i. ēcmachtces .i. ēcmacht a ches d[o] airiuc i cetheora rannaib fis filidechta, Corm. Y 538 ). innis sgéala gan aincheas / nách beam i n-ainbhfeas umad, TD 38.1 . In phrases: atá i n-a.¤ x is in doubt about x: gibé rabh . . . / i n-aincheas bhar n-urfhoghaill `in doubt of thy speech' (i.e. of its meaning), Studies 1921, 74 § 7 . an chúis do cuireadh 'n-a leith . . . do bhí i n-aincheas a hinnill, DDána 63.14 . atá x ina a.¤ for y y does not know about x: sin do bheith 'na aincheas ort that you should not know that, Desid. 259 . ní feas ní 'n-a aincheas orra / d'ailcheas rolla ríghleabhar, DDána 122.16 . bíodh nach raibh orra aincheas `though they were not ignorant', Content. xv 39 . na seinleabhair do léughadh (ni nach bfuil 'na aincheas ar eolchaibh), RC iv 355.12 . fios ionaid an eiseirge / do bí orra 'na ainffios (aincheas, ainchios v.ll.), BNnÉ 198 § 30 .

(d) Legal difficult case or decision: cidh i fis, cid i nanfis, cidh i na.¤ [ro loisced], O'Curry 1168 ( H 3.18, 464a ). Here the `ainces' refers to an act which is not justified but is almost a necessary consequence or condition of one which is justified i.e., a man entitled to slay another has to burn his house to effect it but this he was not entitled to do, Plummer MS notes. lan-fiach . . . a fis, leth fiach i n-anfis ┐ cethraime a n-ances, Laws v 162.2 Comm. cach ninndligidh athgabala acht nimid ime (leg. mini dime) dethbere do ainfis no aincheas, ii 48.12 .i. nocha caoemnucuir gan na neche sin do dénum co inndligthuch, 50.3 Comm. leath fiach cach ainfis . . . ceathruma cach a.¤ , 52.26 . muna fuilet seoit acu [is] ances athgabhala do riagail riu, i 108.10 Comm. nocha racha in athgabail i llobadh dia rabat na deithbir(s)e so air .i. anfis, no ances, no econnus, no etged, 102.22 Comm. di anchesuibh athgabala, ii 66.15 . ma forae neach cinuid [i] nainceas no etghe, iii 66.15 . in t-aidni frisnindli breth .i. noco n-uil acht glanadh ┐ cinnedh luig (= luic, O'Curry 323 from H 3.18, 178a ) ┐ aincesa atarru ┐ in t-ollam, v 100.23 Comm. is tré erchóiliud foillsighter aincesa in betha it is though legal prouncements that the difficulties of the world are made clear, O'Dav. 812 . breth im ancesa tuath, O'D. 1573 (H. 5.15, 5b). lia do fír . . . [f]ri aiṅcessa (ancesa, anchesa v.ll.) mara .i. frisinni is anfis do neoch, forna-fagabthar breth acht fir ṅDe in cases of great perplexity, Cóic Con. 16 § 3 (see p. 64). ainceas a nendac echtrand itir manchu cille, O'Curry 986 ( H 3.18, 424a ). ? is hé . . . ba rí for Mume intan dobreth arances mbrethe alLeith Cuind co Mumain, Fianaig. 30.24 . a.¤ quasi anceps .i. aincid a fis ort, Corm. Y 89 . anches . . . .i. cuntabairt, O'Mulc. 45 .

As n.pr. Ibar macc nAṅgciss , LL 3281 .

ainfír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainfír or dil.ie/1348

n (fír) o, [n.]

(a) untruth, falsehood: rasoisitsi ón i ngoi ┐ anfír, Ml. 103c15 . fir iar n-anfir, Laws i 254.11 .

(b) injustice, unfairness, wrong: is and rot gǣt in n-inud ríg / cia doriṅgned rop anfír, TFerbe 288 . in do ṡárgud far n-athar duib . . .? is anfír mór cia dognether, LL 14403 . is lór d'anfír dúib comrac riafar siair, 14410 . oc ascin ind étúalaing ┐ ind anfír .i. in días do gabáil immón nóenfer, LU 8206 ( FB 15 ). anfir flatha `a prince's injustice', Ériu ii 178.9 . is eisium robai gus aníu ar anfir `it is he that has been till today bent on injustice', TTebe 4410 . anfīr docōid form, nī fir it is not true that I was treated unjustly, ZCP vii 307.4 . im chāch immemērath anfīr foraib, ZCP viii 309.2 . is anfír a ndoghni frim, Ériu xii 186.2 . brith m'[f]eraind ūaim i n-anḟīr, ZCP viii 266 § 28 . cach oen teid indti le hainfir ni terno riam uaithi, YBL 83b1 . cech anfhír ┐ cech indliged, PH 4123 . gan ainbhfíor gan anoircheas, Keat. iii 575 .

Note also: tria brichtu ainble anḟír (: ríg, g s.), SR 3850 . ua hanfhir in breth unjust , TTebe 1665 .

? 3 aingel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 3 aingel or dil.ie/1366

adj (1 gel): glinne .i. breth ut est: acht mad angeal anglinnech ` unclear ', O'Dav. 1061 (or read aingell lacking a pledge?).

ainglinnech;

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainglinnech; or dil.ie/1379

adj glinne .i. breth, ut est acht mad angeal anglinnech having no security(?), O'Dav. 1061 (` unjudicial ').

aircholl

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aircholl or dil.ie/1745

n spancel, fetter: urcholl fo na gamnaib, Laws iv 86.2 Comm. = urcomail, O'D. 1558 (H. 5.15, 2a). cuirid urchall na hurchóide faoi, TSh. 7353 . Perh. add fir (leg. sir) .i. suthain .i. ercol breth andso, O'Dav. 312 (H. 3. 18, 388b); cf. Laws iv 50.12

airḟuigell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airḟuigell or dil.ie/1993

Forms: uraghall, oraghall, uruigheall, oruigheall, oirigheall, -(a)ill, -(a)ill, -le, oraghlaib

n [orig. o, n.] later m. (fuigell). uraghall, oraghall, uruigheall, oruigheall `cóir' (uirigheall, oirigheall `lochdach') m. (g s. -(a)ill. n p. -(a)ill, -le. d p. oraghlaib, ex. 1352 `lochdach'), IGT Decl. § 53 . Verbs § 83 .

(a) preliminary decision (oppd. to lánḟ. final d.), initiation of the legal process: trian in leithe i n-urfuigell co breth ┐ sechtmad in leithe co hurfuigell, ZCP xvi 194.4 . mad accra gach nech olchena . . . is geall da screpull déc fris do scur troisce co aurfuighell ┐ sechtmad i n-urfuigill ┐ triangille iar mbreth for cessation of fasting till preliminary hearing takes place, 6 . geall urfuighill, Laws ii 96.3 Comm. tacra im a reir .i. . . . o tiucfait a reir a urfuigill gu tisat a reir a lan-fuigill, v 252.16 Comm. is ed i[s] fuigell and, breth in bretheman etirdeiligeas doib .i. da geall don breithemhan, in tan tecar ina urḟuigheall um tiachtain a lanḟuigheall, Cóic Con. 60 § 143 . airuigeall .i. geall aire, sechtmad mad becc, O'Curry 1979 (H. 4.22, 18). mása dligedh nurfuigill ro cuirset cusin mbreithemain, O'D. 1651 (H. 5.15, 21a). a forba anta i nurfuigell ┐ in lan fuigill re re dithma, Laws iii 324.22 Comm. co techt nurfuighill . . . iar mbreithemnus, i 276.11 Comm. gidh fáth eagla an t-urfhuigheall, Dán Dé xv 3 .

(b) proposal, suggestion of terms for agreement, decision: racham . . . lesin uirighell sin ┐ indeósam dó é, BCC 116.22 . sul doronsat a n-uraghall, Acall. 2798 v.l. 's níorbh' í an chomhairle chumhang / do rónsad mun uradhall, Content. ii 47 . is síad sin comhairle Caid / na horuighle (horḟuighle v.l.) adir Diarmaid, IGT Decl. ex. 1353 . do-chúaidh a ccomhuirle dhíbh / oruighle sídh ḟúair gá ḟéin, 1367 . da cluined in t-iarla in t-uirigill-sin, ZCP vi 27.11 . do s[h]loind a aithesg ┐ a uirighell, ML² 789 . iar ttairccsin a aithiscc ┐ a orfhuighill, Hugh Roe 122.z (fo. 33a ). tús aithiscc ┐ uradhaill d'fior a ionaid dia eis (a perquisite of Maedóc of Ferns), BNnÉ 248 § 200 (urighill, urghill, v.l.). dobeir grasa a n-gnim ┐ a n-urḟuighill dó anagaid a namat, Maund. 139 . tāinic Cairell do Cianōig d'innisin a uirigill ō Bictar aingel tar ēis a treidenais to tell of the angel Victor's proposal, ZCP vii 308.5 . ag aithfriotal uirghill an Diabhail re Críost (of the temptation), Eochairsg. 58.37 . Attrib. g s. óm fhior uraghaill `from my advocate', Aithd. D. 59.24 .

(c) In more general sense address, speech, utterance: ?sōermacāmh na nDomhnannach . . . a fīreinech re filedaibh a n-uirghillaibh re hairdrīghaib, ZCP xiii 166.4 . is and dobered Ota ben Turges a huricli (frecartha v.l.) ar altoir Cluana mic Nois `used to give her audience', Cog. 12.14 . ?rún a n-orḟuighle, TD 9.23 . gi bé rabh . . . i n-aincheas bhar n-urfhoghaill `in doubt of thy speech', Studies 1921, 74 § 7 . dorinde N. auragull fri hE. `N. addressed H.', Stair Erc. 1841 . suidh th'aigneadh im uradhall `do thou heed my words', Dán Dé xi 2 . tús is earr an uraghuill i.e. the content of the poem, DDána 121.31 . acfuinn uraghaill the power of speech, TSh. 4195 . Extended meaning: gaoth as ghairbhe urughall, PBocht 25.8 .

As quasi-vn.: táinicc . . . d'urḟuigeall Ch. re hI. to discuss C. with I., Acall. 1623 . ro budh córa fileadha da n-uradhall it were more proper for poets to address them, ML 104.19 .

airnaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airnaigid or dil.ie/2298

v (cf. airnigde) prays: don lucht oilit ┐ ernaigit eserghe doibh, BNnÉ 63.1 . adhrait ┐ ernaigit ┐ etorguidit in coimde, Fl. Earls 122.4 . figlem, legem, airnaigthem, ACL iii 314 § 23 . cuich . . . no-airnaigfed breith do breth fair?, PH 603 . Cf. ar-neget.

1 aiscid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aiscid or dil.ie/2474

v (1 aisc) reproaches, blames: ní aiscinn is nomolainn, Tec. Corm. § 7.25 . ni haiscid (.i. ni heilithi) breth bertair fir feraib laimnighib latharthar nae .i. ni aiscim in breth beraid na fir ata laimtenaigh fri lathar na ae do reir fhír, O'Curry 445 ( H 3.18, 239a ) (where aiscid may be for aiscide, verbal of necess.) = ni aiscim breth berar etc., 2269 ( Eg. 88, f. 20(21)a ). ni aiscim ort in geran dani I do not reproach you with the complaint you make(?), TTebe 1359 .

2 aithbreth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithbreth or dil.ie/2564
Last Revised: 2019

vn ā, f. ( breth ) act of being born again; rebirth : labhraidh an sgriobhtūir go minic ar n-aithbhreith do bheith a n-eisēirighe Chrīosd, Carswell² 15.488 . tar ēis a h-aith-bhreithe, Carswell² 58.1999 . ar n'aithbhreth go naoidheacht beathadh, Adtimchiol 126b7 . an aithbhreth Spioradalta, Adtimchiol 325b2 . arna aithbhreith a huisge an bhaistidhe, TSh. 4807 . Cf. 1 aithbiraid.

aitside

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aitside or dil.ie/2824
Last Revised: 2013

n brit[h]im bes goithium . . . frie haitsidi (uitside v.l.) canui domnaig, Anecd. iii 22.12 ; 'for affirming (?) the Law of Sunday' Ériu xx 163 § 1 . dal do a.¤ .i. ted do aitsiud deorad breth co tathbongar asa reir, O'Curry 463 (H 3.18, 245). Perh. a form of astud, q.v.. See Ériu xx 173 .

aitt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aitt or dil.ie/2825

adj i See Vendr. Lex.

(a) pleasant, agreeable . Of persons: sāithech cech ainmnetach a.¤ `every patient agreeable person is satisfied', Ériu ix 47 § 16 . Cūchulainn rop ānraith ait (:glaic), Fianaig. 42 § 8 . . . . os méit Ectoir a.¤ , LL 16558 . Of a place: ōthā Bernān Ēile ait, Ériu ii 50 § 4 . Other applications: in scél n-amra n-a.¤ (maicc), Arch. Hib. iv 207 § 19 . iarsan ríagail ait according to the clear rule, AFM ii 606.18 . ? cobair ait .i. glic, Fél.² cliii Oct. 18 . In chevilles: áireamh ait, AFM i 158.12 . ceim ait, RC xvii 121.18 (Tig.). dorsaire druith delma a.¤ , LL 3758 . As interjection of joy: euge, euge .i. ait ait, Thes. i 3.3 . In phr. is a.¤ la is pleased (with): a n-as-breth fris ní bo ait laiss he was not pleased with what was said to him, BDD² 310 . ba a.¤ la Dáre anisin, TBC-LL¹ 108 . ait leam ní dúa feil `I am glad of the reason for it', BColm. 36.13 . is ait leis an amadán `it is as sport to a fool', Proverbs x 23 . Compar. as aite leó so they prefer, Desid. 6348 . gurbh'aite lé, Dán Dé xxxi 20 . Adv. ata an teach ag eirge go hait (: tslait) nicely , BNnÉ 179 § 35 . Subst.: ìnbat budig do beōil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.6 `something specially pleasant, a dainty', p. 192 .

(b) strange, unusual: is ait an obair-se ar Thadhg, Content. xxv 1 . ait an choir `strange the crime' (cheville), xvi 51 .

1 all

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 all or dil.ie/2909
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: a., a., a., aill, aill, haille, aill, halla

n Form and inflexion variable. Perh. orig. o or u, n. a.¤ nglaine, Fél. Jan. 6 . tri a.¤ , Triads 200 . a du. da na.¤ , Laws v 190.10 Comm. Later m. and f. a.¤ m. (g s. and n p. aill), IGT Decl. § 96 . A s f. n s. in aill , Laws i 188.34 Comm. (g s. na haille , a d s. aill, see infra) (Cf. 1 ail?). Note also g s. na halla , Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 25 , Ériu iv 100 § 38 v.l.

Cliff: alla ┐ dreiminda, Laws iii 500.24 Comm. im claide alla for rud, for umad, i 184.12 . dolotatar . . . for culaib ailli, TBC-I¹ 2737 . dar droibelaibh, dar allaibh ┐ dar ardaibh, TBC St. 4623 . is a.¤ do thimarcain cach anma phíantair (of hell), LU 2447 . a.¤ bruach-dhubh roi-ghéar riasgach (hell), Dán Dé xxv 21 = IGT Decl. ex. 933 . aill chlochi mór, LL 261b21 . isind a.¤ moro sea cliff, RC xi 452.2 (cf. alt in maro, LU 1725 ). atraacht a mmuir . . . co ndernai alle dímora impe (watery) cliffs (of a strange island), LU 1901 . sighi se[i]g di aild the swoop of a hawk from a cliff, RC xiii 222.3 . an seabhac uasal aille (: chugainne), PBocht 15.12 . ro lin mac-alla . . . allu ┐ inberai in tire, CCath. 5626 . da toighli iasg i n-allaib no a n-esaib among rocks(?), ZCP viii 550.19 . cách a huamhaibh's a hallaibh, DDána 29.16 . ata aill ard . . . a n-urtimcill ind alein, Stair Erc. 232 . a mbennaib sliab ┐ a n-ochtaibh ald. Marco P. 36 . feib tiastais ré haill (ri ha.¤, v.l.) as if they had fallen over a cliff (cf. mod. tuitim le h-aill), TTebe 4509 . ? Of a rocky surface: cach a.¤ ba amréid dó no fácbaitis a scaim . . . im ailib etc., TBC-LL¹ 1924 . ? is caill tón bo can buaraig / for aill srón cherr Mael Ruanaid, LL 5098 = Auraic. 5243 . In proverbial phrases: bu beim cind fur aill (of a hopeless endeavour), ZCP x 302.4 , RC xi 28.29 . fri hald, xii 96 § 127 . is essarcain cind fri hallib ám alt neich mar sain, CRR 42 . ar labhair Cormac Ó Cuinn / ní samhail d'orchar re haill i.e. it is not ineffectual, DDána 93.6 . nach budh urchar fá a.¤ , ML 98.11 . Cf. don aill, go dīan, tapuigh, do láthair, Eg. Gl. 26 .

Extended applications: sruth di aill, name of the third class of poet in sáer-bard group, IT iii 5.9 . Laws iv 356.11 , 354. 23 . macc alla see 1 mac. Fig. of persons: aue Muiredaich . . . a.¤ togu fri orddain úallann `descendant of M . . . . rock of choice for noble dignity', Thes. ii 295.10 . hūāe Énnai, ald fri ūath, Hail Brigit 22 . ba ha.¤ glaine I., Ält. Ir. Dicht. 42 § 45 . is ald ar nirt, TBC-LL¹ 5383 = is a.¤ ar mēt, is oll ar nert, TBC-I¹ 3281 . a.¤ Bodhba, TBC-LL¹ 5558 . Cearball . . . a.¤ nard nAlmhaine, AFM ii 572.12 .

Compds. ¤-brúach see separate article. ¤-chnoc rocky hill: in all-cnocoip . . . slebhi O., CCath. 5634 . ¤-phort rocky harbour: rolinsat . . . ar allbruichi ┐ allporta in tragha, CCath. 2671 .

(b) Perh. in sense (d) of 1 ail foundation, basis: tri a.¤ frisa timargar béscna .i. mainister, flaith, fine, Triads 200 . ? do a.¤ a naill from rock to rock (of certain privileged kinds of testimony), O'D. 1630 (H. 5. 15, 16b). Note also: aill .i. uasal, ut est aill for breth, breth for enech, O'Dav. 65 . aill .i. uasal, Lec. Gl. 35 , 202 .

altram(m)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. altram(m) or dil.ie/3039
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: t-altrum, altruim, altraim, altrumu, altruma

n orig. n, n., see GOI § 731 . Later o, m. in t-altrum , Laws v 134.12 Comm. g s. altruim, DDána 105.5 . Note d s. altraim, Fél. 44.8 . n s. also altrumu, Laws ii 168.z. 170.1 Comm. altruma, 146.21 Comm. Vn. of 1 ailid.

Act of nurturing, fostering; nurture, fosterage . On the custom of fosterage see the treatise Cáin Íarraith, Laws ii 146 ff. Cf. Stud. in E. Ir. Law 187 ff. altram .i. ab eo quod est alo .i. ōn brēthir is alo ailim atā, Corm. Y 9 . breth et altram, Wb. 10b1 . amal dorígensat sidi a altram si, 28d19 . fri altrum mic in ais araile, Laws ii 172.14 . trian fir altrumu .i. fir ailes, 184.14 . altrum cen ainmi ar dlighedh cacha altruma diainme, 150.6 . altrumu seirce cen iarraith `fosterage of affection without fosterage-fee', 168.z . cia lin altrum . . . a do . . . ite . . . di altruma, 146.5 Comm. am tualuing mu dalta altrammo do rig I am able to give my fosterchild the fosterage suitable for a king, IT i 142.5 = am tūalaing altrama do rīgh, ZCP v 503.24 . alltramm mac rig ┐ rignui, IT iii 239.148 . dogniu dochor cach thríuin tri altram Fergusa form, LU 10296 . ar inn airer ┐ ar inn altrom ra bertus-sa fort, TBC-LL¹ 2874 . gabais mac n-altrama ō D., Fianaig. 28.6 . do chuindchid á altrama, Thes. ii 291 § 3 . ni haltrum, ni hiarrathuis, Cog. 54.23 . ro chuiris ben dot' chenel . . . dom' altram sa, MR 34.8 . lucht altruim Chuinn ┐ Conn, DDána 105.5 . amhuil . . . buime ag altrom a cloinne, 1 Thessal. ii 8 . Altrum Tige Dá Mhedar (title of a tale called `Oileamuin' in l. 13 ), ZCP xiii 17.1 . In phr. do-beir for a.¤ co gives in fosterage (to): conid é doratsat Ethni cucu for altrom, LU 4436 . With DO: tucad side ar altram do Choin Ruí, MU² 351 . Mac . . . do thabairt ar altram d'Art, Ann. Conn. 1261.15 . do-beir (or other vb.) do a.¤ (do) gives for rearing (to): co tuca [a Mac] . . . dia altraim, Fél. 44.8 . tuc do lucht na Tebi da haltrom. TTebe 1724 . atnoí do epscop B. día altrum, Trip.² 1611 . nís-léicide C. dia máthair di altromm, BDD² 73 . In abstract sense: altram dualchi nourishment of vice, Mon. Tall. 152.12 (§ 63) . altrom glaine `a fostering of purity', Ériu ii 66 § 12 . ar tí altruim fhaladh bent on cherishing a grudge, Dán Dé vi 21 . ni d'furtacht na d'altrom al-lassar, CCath. 4422 . a.¤feeding the poor, ZCP xii 291.14 = GJ iv 107a . In concrete sense fosterling, child : arindī folongat na mnā cach altrom fora rigtib 'because women support every child on their forearms' O'Mulc. § 114 , CMCS i 46 .

ambreith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ambreith or dil.ie/3105

n (breith) wrong judgement: breth . . . ar ambreth . . . .i. fír ar gáe, O'Curry 420 (H 3.18, 230ab). fiach gubreithe . . . cumal for brethemain berus ambreath, O'D. 637 (H 3.17, c. 474). ? iar fis na ambreith, O'Dav. 224 . co ngeba rí echtrann righi . . . ┐ co ruca ambretha oraibh, CF 415 . See ainbreith.

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