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aigne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aigne or dil.ie/937
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aignath, aignedh, aignid, n-aidhnead, aighneduibh, a., aigni, aigneda, aighnedha, n-aighnedha

n m. Decl. varies. in t-a.¤ , Laws i 92.29 Comm. g s. aignath, ZCP xiii 19.31 . aignedh, Laws ii 80.16 . d s. aignid, ZCP xiii 20.12 . g p. na n-aidhnead , Cóic Con. 59.5 . d p. aighneduibh, Laws ii 80.27 Comm. With g. sg. aigni, ZCP xvii 50 § 19 . d s. a.¤ , Laws ii 80.26 Comm. n p. aigni, O'Curry 812 ( H 3.18, 375a ). With g s. aigneda, Laws i 90.y . n p. aighnedha, ZCP xii 359.22 . g p. na n-aighnedha , O'Curry 1269 ( H 3.18, 515 ).

One learned in law or in the practice of law; lawyer, advocate, pleader (on the functions of the a.¤ see Cóic Con. p. 11 ff. ): a.¤ .i. fer aiges ái; nó fer gníes ái .i. airc[h]etul nō cai[n]gen, Corm. Y 74 . cis lir aigni? . . . a tri: glas-aigni ┐ a.¤ airechta ┐ a.¤ frisinnle brith, O'Curry 812 ( H 3.18, p. 375a ). See glasaigne, 1 airecht, fris-indlea. ma ra foglainnsetar condat aigneda (aighne v.l.) fris n-indle breith . . . mas condat aigni airberta . . . mas condat glasaigneda (-aighne v.l.), Ir. Recht 46.w . See airbert. da trian na cuic set sin do fechemuin toicheda ┐ trian do a.¤ toxuil, dá trian cotuc a.¤ toxuil do a.¤ fechemnuis no dono cunabeth ní do na haighneduibh etir . . . .i. ruinn ar do itir aighne toxuil ┐ a.¤ tagra, Laws ii 80.26 Comm. aigni toxuil ┐ fiadnaisi, i 302.16 Comm. inge tri baegail naigneda, 90.y .i. tri hernaile ima baeglaither in t-a.¤ , 92.99 Comm. secip tacra dogniat na haicneda iar mbreith na brethe . . . ni bid smacht roairdi no roisli . . . and, O'Curry 250 ( H 3.18, p. 123 ). da-bera int aigni aichni forin conair coir the a. must be able to recognise the correct process (of judgement), Cóic Con. 17 § 7 . damad im leas n-eclasa nocho biad eiric arin n-a.¤ edir, 60 § 142. ni haighne nad óenaigedar ai he is no a. who does not unify legal process, ZCP xii 364.14 (see Cóic Con. 11 ). trí cumtaig gáisse . . . dagaigni do airbirt, Triads 178 . gen áigne ic nech 'n-a agaid with no advocate to speak for him, PH 7521 . inmain in fáid F. / ba haigni cáid . . . / . . . / ind ḟir lúaith o Lifechair, Metr. Dinds. iv 320.6 . cáit i bhfuil aighne mh'anma, Dán Dé iv 2 . dom aighne budh éadtarbha / bheith Dé Luain ar mo leas-sa, it will be a fruitless task for my advocate, 6 . a aithearrach mar aighne / it aghaidh ní iarrfaim-ne, DDána 11.33 . is tú bhus aighne, a Dhé, dhúinn, 57.21 . níat breitheamh ann niat aighne, Content. xiv 22 . ?orggain [in]na rīgingen / bid scél bid fhassach naenrē, / bid ōen di neort na flathæ / for haidni na borime, ZCP xiii 376.18 = for haidní, xx 223.6 (Baile in Scāil).

ar-cuilli

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-cuilli or dil.ie/4039

 

Forms: airchoillte

v (*ar-coll-)

(a) prohibits, forbids, bars, inhibits: cen lepaid aracuili liaig which a leech does not recognize, Críth G. 55 . feli napstal i samchorgos ni aurchoil som inn figill `he does not forbid the vigil', Mon. Tall. 145.15 (§ 48) . andand donetarrat míaccobar . . . ma atrocuil am menme nad cometesta dó if the mind forbids that one should indulge it(?), 151.11 (§ 62) . cid nocht-selaind i ndomnaigib . . . ni aurchaill he does not forbid it, Rule of Tallaght 3 . arcuilter he is forbidden (excluded from the community?), Ériu ii 208.4 (one who travels on Sunday).

Freq. in Laws (text) indicating (categories of) persons and things excluded from the operation of legal processes of various kinds: atait secht foruis . . . arachuille coir n-athgabala there are seven pounds for cattle which the legality of distraint excludes i.e. there are seven illegal pounds for cattle, Laws v 266.19 . secht treaba . . . ariscuille coir urnadhma aithne, 160.1 (i.e. valuables deposited in a kiln, a forge, etc. where they are easily destroyed do not come under the ordinary rules for `aithne'). atait secht treba . . . aracuille coir urnadma comloi[g]the, 166.1 .i. is urcuillti . . . do reir coir, 7 Comm. atat da fer dec . . . arroscuile cain otrusa `whom the law of nursing excludes', BCrólige 12 . atat .iii. tarsu[i]nn arachuile cain othrusa, 25 , cf. trí tharsuinn archuillet othras, Triads 184 . nach fer eclusa aracuile cain otrusa, BCrólige 20 . acht m[a] arachuille (sic leg. ?) cleircecht no enudha unless it does not apply because of his being in orders, Laws iii 62.5 . tri meich bracha cen on . . . ara-cuilli(u) eric do flaith three sacks of malt without a fault . . . which exempt from payment of a fine to a lord, ZCP xiv 354 § 11 ( Laws ii 250.1 ). Note further: ni airecht ardocuilli col mbél, col brethe , ZCP xii 364.14 . rotbia . . . acht aen ar[a]-cuillimm airiut `save one that I bar to thee', Ériu xvi 38.4 . na urcuilte[r] rath .i. fear aracuilter a rath amail druth ┐ mac beoathar, O'Curry 787 ( H 3.18, 367b ). ni urcuil Nae . . . is inti Cam, O'D. 971 (H 3.17, c. 679c). ni haile Apraham ara cuille galliud, O'Curry 2529 ( Eg. 88, f. 44(45)a ). ni ma n-urcoillead lanamnus a thing for which marriage was forbidden(?), Laws v 452.18 .

(b) ruins, corrupts(?): naro ercoillet do mifoltae tromthortha na tuath `lest thy misdeeds ruin the heavy fruits of the people', Ériu viii 173.17 (or as in (a)?). fri cech fiss ara-chuiliu corp ┐ anmain duini against every knowledge that corrupts(?) man's body and soul, Thes. ii 357.9 ( = Trip.² 3203 ).

? Vn. urcollud bith brug betha go banna, O'Dav. 312 . Part. airchoillte. Cf. aircholl, aurchail(l).

bal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bal or dil.ie/5276
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bol, bail, boil, bail, bál, Builiath

n ā, f. Also bol. Later bail. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 96. boil bail f., § 14 . b.¤ feirinnsgne, bail baininnsgne, Introd. 21.19 .

(a) state (of affairs), condition, situation: noi ṅgrad nime noebda a mb.¤ , SR 553. ros plage b.¤ immarbois sinful con dition, 1438 . monuar b.¤ alas the circumstances, 1425 . gan bheith íseal, olc an bhail, Dán Dé ix 33 . dar lat nocha b.¤ beandacht / damh ceandacht don mhac mhallacht, IGT Decl. ex. 1710 = b.¤ bheannachd, ex. 849 . ag so an bhoil do bhaoi uirthe / go bhfoil na mnaoi [meathl]uighthe, A. Ó Dálaigh liii 16 . dia do bhail what a state of affairs, Dánta Gr. 16.73 . ? Prov. boil an dá ḟíach, IGT Decl. ex. 692. b.¤ ri re etymol. gl. on blaidhre, O'Dav. 299. ? b.¤ beg d'ḟastadh brethe so sis (folld. by a list of maxims), O'Curry 2280 ( Eg. 88, 21a ). fri bualad ṁb.¤ , SR 6485.

(b) In favourable sense, prosperity, good luck, good effect: biaid a soborthan ┐ a bail ┐ a blath form (of a blessing), Fél. 154.20 (= b.¤ , Goid. 180.2 ). sech is bol is blathugud (of Colum Cille), Trip.² 1747 (b.¤ , v.l.). mór fodb asa fordercc bol (: c[h]an) `luck', Fianaig. 16 § 41. Druim Bethach fo baile bríg, Metr. Dinds. iv 260.22 . lais bail .i. as lais an maith sin do bith aici, O'Curry 1887 ( 23 P 3, 22 a ). ar ni nách bi b.¤ / ar croes is ar chol, LB 262b34 . díobh an craos . . . / an treas cúis ar nach cóir bail, Dán Dé xxxi 36 . inntleacht ar nach bí bail, O'R. Poems 3742. is fearr bail ná iomud, PCT 375. dá thopur . . . B.¤ ┐ Dimbal a n-anmanna, Lism. L. 2522. ? is craeb chumra cona blath /. . ./ is lia lógmor cona bail, Fél. 156.6 .

(c) Of the efficacy of a sacrament or judgement: do bhíadh bail ar an absolóid, Mac Aingil 4584 . gan buil ná ēiffeachd do bheith san bhreith, 1922 . bídh buil ar an bpósadh gan fhios, gan fhiadhain a clandestine marriage is valid, Parrth. Anma 3125.

(d) With prec. vbs. is (? leg. in) b.¤ dober Dia for mac ngar, LB 248 marg. inf. dobēra Día b.¤ (bál, MS.) fair God will prosper it, BColm. 60.19 (of milk which was afterwards miraculously increased). ar sgéalaibh cáigh cuireadh bail what men have said has been made good (?), PBocht 24.20 . dá gcuirthí ar na briathra bail if the story be put to good effect (?), 13.23 . bail nó caoi chneasta do chor ar éin-ní, TSh. 5118. ar an gcrábhadh do chuir bail perfected (of St. Augustine), DDána 59.15 . is adhuathmur in bail doberidh aina sluaghaibh, ZCP vi 101.3 . den-sa do bail fein re hiarla Ionutas `do thy will with Earl J.', 88.4 ; 49.2 .

(e) With prepp. ní bhiadh sé ar bhail . . . / gan tail nDé dá dheónaghadh he would not really be successful, thrive, Measgra D. 68.15 . ag seo chugat colann mheirligh,/ a Mhaic Muire, go mbé ar bail, Aithd. D. 70.26 . ar buil ┐ ar bissech in good case, BCC 302.20 . an chairt, mo chrādh! biaidh ar bail | ´s an lámh, ’na criaidh, ag crumhaibh intact, in good condition Celtica iv 115 VI . bídh a bpósadh ar bhail valid, Ó Héodhusa 200.y . bhar bhfreagra do-bhir gan bhail ineffective , Measgra D. 68.19 . dobail .i. cen bail, O'Mulc. 322. o'tconncatar meic Ruaidri cen bail orru `that fortune was against them', Ann. Conn. 1237.2 . cá huair bhíos an fhaoisidin gan bail ?, Donlevy 318.5 . Iordanen co mboil (: duilemhain) fortunate , Blathm. 171. a bé co mbail, IT i 70.17 ( LMU 5 ). F. . . . go mbail is go mblat[h], Anecd. ii 32.y . caingen co mbail [.i.] co maith, O'D. 1685 (H. 5.15, 29b). breatha co mbail, Ériu iv 138.9 . tech n-áiged na mbocht fo bail prospering , BColm. 100.21 . cupa nach bí lá gan fhleidh / cupa atá 's do bhí fá bhail, Aithd. D. 9.16 .

Compds. flaithbeandacht, balbeandacht, būanbeandacht, ZCP viii 560.20 . ? In n. loc. Builiath, Metr. Dinds. ii 32.91 . pn In epithet: Ceirbil Balmaith ingen Etair, Dinds. 158.

breithem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breithem or dil.ie/6699
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: brithem, breitheamh, breitheam, brithemnu

n n, m., later also o, m. O. Ir. brithem (breth). breitheamh, m., IGT Decl. § 51.

Judge (gl. iudex, arbiter in Wb., Ml. breitheam gl. arbiter, Ir. Gl. 366 ). Lit. `maker of judgments', Lat. iuris consultus, Críth G. p. 79 , and in legal texts usu. in the wider sense of jurist, (`brehon' in the published Laws), whose functions could include that of adjudicating . See also Binchy, Ériu xviii 45. In religious literature, frequently of God or Christ : atá brithem and cenutsu .i. deus gl. omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, Wb. 6b25 . ní áis æccalsa ata brithemin lib, 9c7 . fírbrithem gl. Dominus, 8d25 . brithem . . . .i. Crist gl. Deus iudicabit, 9c2 . in aimsir inna mbritheman, Ml. 104a8 . brithem firianamam gl. arbiter . . . æquissimus, 94b6 . 92a15 . dond fírbrithemain gl. cognitori, 26c11 . fírbrithem gl. iudicem, 27c1 . suide bri[th]emon gl. tribunal ( Acts xxv 10 ), Thes. i 498.17 . aimser breitiman, Hib. Min. 4.5 . in brithem firén (viz. God), LU 1999 ( FA 6 ). tri brithemain ind rig sin, 7630 (BDD). a brithemnu (v p.), LL 36440 ( RC xxi 380.12 ). hi cathair bretheman `in the judge's seat', Ériu iv 128.15 . dul doib co cend n-athchomairc Muman co brithem Caisil, iii 140.6 . Daniel fáith . . . brethem cundail na senoire = iudicem . . . senum, PH 5587. doïb bas brithem dia brātha (i.e. Pátraic), ACL iii 303 § 3. do bretheamh choitcenn roæntuighseatt eatarra C. `that C. should be arbitrator between them', Lism. L. 2532. breitheamh breabóideach, TSh. 6787. b.¤ aislingthi ` interpreter of dreams (of Maelcaba Cleirech)', MR 10.5 . ollam britheman, LL 3722.

In legal texts: atáa mí (sc. mí sílta) nád n-imthet rí acht cethrur . . . rí ┐ brithem ┐ dias i manchuini, Críth G. 537. i faitche . . . breitheamun aird, Laws ii 16.12 . ni breitheamh nach Seanchaidh, ┐ ni Seanchaid nach bretheamh i mBreathaibh Nimeadh .i. leabhar deridh ṡaothair na Seanchadh ┐ na mbretheamhan bheos, MS. Mat. 575. 17 - 20 , Ériu xiii 7 n.1 . a reir brithemon, Laws iv 212.3 . daernemed tra, saeir . . . ┐ legi ┐ breitemain, v 90.20 . foirbeir saeiri breathemain ┐ sair corigi biatad da fear deg, ┐ cug seoit dec i n-a diri, 30 `the franchise of jurists . . . increases etc.', PRIA xxxvi (C) 277 § 37 . dú imbet coir fechamain fri athcomarc a brethe don b.¤ where there are competent parties to question the judge on his judgment (Thurn.), Cóic Con. 57 § 133. breitem teora mbret .i. bret feni ┐ breth filed ┐ breath berla bain `a brehon of three judgments' (has increase of refection and díre), Laws v 92.16 . breitheam tri mberla, coimdiri do fri hoiri tuise, 100.16 . secht mbreitheamain nad fuigliter la Feine seven jurists to whom a case is not brought in Irish law, 352.17 . ni hed dlegur don breitheamuin a radh i ndlegur no na dlegur in cin, ii 52.20 Comm. a nord mbretheman `in the Brehon code', iii 30.z. oc dun breitheaman na tuaiti `the Brehon of the territory', iv 106.2 Comm. Note also: mac breitheman tuaithe `a lay brehon', AFM v 1710.8 .

Compd. ceann brughadh is breitheamhmaicne, DDána 89.13 .

2 cleth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cleth or dil.ie/9454
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ceilt, cleith, ceileamuin

ā, f. vn. of ceilid. ceilt, cleith, ceileamuin, IGT Verbs § 34 . ceilt cleith, Decl. § 14 . Cf. clith.

(a) act of hiding, concealing; concealment, deception : cen cuit cleithi `with no concealment', Blathm. 160 . is diing cleith in maith gl. abscondi non possunt, Wb. 29a31 . du chlith a fortachtae gl. disimulationem, Ml. 100a7 . inna cletha `the concealments' gl. latebras, 59a9 . c.¤ gl. laterna, Sg. 51b8 . ? coimpert ciol. cleith nemhidh, Ériu xiii 23.25 . dobered a máthair criaid ṁbuidi moa bullu do chlith a delba, Rawl. 141a16 . rotōgaib croich in Coimdeadh, / iarna cleith fon talmain thair after it had lain hidden, Ériu iii 198 § 26 . damhna ríoghradh nocha roich / a ngníomhradh chalma do chleith, DDána 91.9 . sirim a hucht na hóighe / . . . / cleith na n-othar-soin oruinn `that she cover from us the wounds I have not requited', Dán Dé v 17 . cleith .i. ceilt, O'Cl. Obscurity : scailid (?) in cleth 'he dispels the obscurity' CIH iii 874.31 , Sages, Saints and Storytellers 173 . ná measg trena chéile i gcleith 'do not confuse them with each other in obscurity' 167 § 20 .

? Attrib. g s. (but some or all may be part. See 1 clithe). secret, hidden : cen luige cen lanamnas. / cen chuibdi clethi no cuil, SR 2399 . cumann cleithe nocha ndernus `I have known no furtive love', Ériu i 20.72 . cinnus brethe rugad duit? nī ba caingen cléithi lat do not keep the matter secret, ZCP vii 307.10 . nír gním clethe fri hóen-úair, Metr. Dinds. i 10.54 .

(b) In phrr. with prepp. With AR undisclosed : bheith ag síor-chur bréag id leith / éigean dúinn nó ar ndearbhtha ar cleith `leave my argument unstated', Content. vi 116 .

With CEN without concealment, openly, plainly, clearly (in verse freq. as cheville). Somet. used adjectivally conspicuous : concertsa in dá sreith / cen chleith níbá caín, LU 9954 . eagna gan cleith, Ériu xiii 35.y . a chlú gan chleith mur do chuir `how he has made his fame conspicuous', O'R. Poems 251 . Eire gan chleith re [corbadh], A. Ó Dálaigh liii 8 .

With FO secretly; hidden, in seclusion : airg-siu dia guidi dam-sa . . . fo chlith, IT i 74.15 ( LMU 12 ). luig Oilill ┐ Eogan a n-imagallaim fo cleith, Anecd. ii 77 § 4 . ronalt fo clith muime mormass ar a mathair, i 51 § 9 . ro oslaic Eua fo clith / in dorus riasin nathraig, SR 1281 . ? ni bo chlethaib robatar, Metr. Dinds. iii 6528 (: srethaib).

With I N- in secret, hidden : figell fo dēraib i cleith (rules for the devout), ZCP vii 311 § 14 . ar apdaibh hi clith `against secret spells', Ériu iv 236 § 8 . hi follus, hi clith, ACL iii 318 § 61 .

As m.: gním cen chlethu cen athscís, LL 27070 (cleatu cleithe, cleitiu, v.ll.; `without concealment', Metr. Dinds. iii 244.42 ). nom diultfa fo thrí tria chleth / riasiu gaires in cailech deceitfully(?), SR 7723 .

Compd. With noun. cen chlethbratha `treachery by hiding', Sc.M² 22b .

comlán(aig)id

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comlán(aig)id or dil.ie/11407

 

Forms: comlánad

v (comlán) fulfils, completes : ro com(ṡ)lánaiged cech fátsine, LB 146a40 . ro-cómlanaiged cumachtu na h-eclaisi, Todd Lect. vi 50.9 . in chédlitear d'a gcomlanaigthear comarbus `by which succession is completed', MR 92.9 . Of age, time: rocomlāin[i]g sim iii blíadna i talmain, BColm. 96.11 . ro comlánaigthi na laithi = impleti sunt dies ( Luke ii 6 ), Rawl. B 512, 65a cited Plummer MS. notes. mad comlanaigid a greim gl. ogaid, Laws ii 382.y Comm. id cethri arnuile comlanis diariatai na brethe, no comlanighther do reir diriatai nambreth gl. co noige, i 282.5 Comm. Vn. comlánad. See comalnaithir.

compert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. compert or dil.ie/11611

 

Forms: coimpert

ā, f. vn. of con-beir.

(a) Appar. some kind of legal judgment or decision, but precise meaning unclear: comperta mbroga`criteria of land', Ériu xxii 83.5 c.¤ .i. combreith [ut est] itir diablad creich [creth F.] comperta, O'Dav. 351 . fear na coimperta aca rad nad indath cinaid, O'Curry 1389 ( H 3.18, 630b ) `the man who pleads', O'Don. Suppl. cia leth coimpert inarbtha brethe no airbert ae, O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88 f. 20 (21)b ) = cia leth coimperta indarbthar breithemnas etc., 1608 ( 23 Q 6, 5 a ). c.¤ .i. fairsing, ut est: tuca dochridhe c.¤ , Ériu xiii 77 § 217 . cain bearar fiachu cairdi i coimpeartaib catha glossed comairbeartnughadh, O'Curry 1906 ( 23 P 3, 21 c ) = caoin beradh fiach cairdi coimperta catha na tobaing egen na forbflathus, na anfis, 2257 ( Eg. 88, 19(20a ). fearr ni cearchaill comraici comaide, co feisir coimperta comlaithre co nach tairce difolta dait, 1889 ( 23 P 3, 22 b ). fir . . . comperta naime `the test . . . of the holy draught', Laws v 470.35 = combruithe noebe .i. is o Dia in combruith hisin .i. cairi fír; vel sic in aliis libris, compertae noebu, etc., 456 note 1 = fir combruithe noebe, H 3.18, 391b10 (Plummer MS notes compares the `water of bitterness', Numbers v 11 - 31 ). do coimpertuibh-breat[h] Fíthil ann so, Ériu xiii 30.21 . coimperta Fiothla breth bunadh fíor fasach, 22 .

(b) conception, act of begetting, procreation (cf. Lat. conceptio, conceptus): combart do sarre `that Sara would conceive', Wb. 2c23 . adbar inna combartae cloine gl. conceptús, Ml. 71c6 . toglúaset chombairt `they abort offspring', Thes. ii 235.5 . do glan coimpirt agealuain, Blathm. 97 . ilar comperta `sexual unions', BCrólige 57 . cis lir lanamna . . . comperta do-cuisin la Feniu ? `Paare . . . der Zeugung (von Kindern)', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 16 § 4 . airiadad coimperta, BCrólige 38 . C. Iohain . . ., Fél. Sept. 24 . combart cen peccad, IT i 133.4 . cethir do ch.¤ (sic) dam, LU 4248 . acht go léightear a gcoimpeart `if you read the story of their conceptions', Content. v 84 . a bhféil a coimpeirte, Parrth. Anma 3579 . Attrib. g s. amser chomperta, LU 1656 . inbaid comperta, LL 14406 . uair choimperta, MR 172.9 . As genre of stories (in saga-list): na cuimperto .i. Coimpert Conchobair, etc. birth-tales , Anecd. ii 44.12 .

(c) In more concr. application offspring, produce, child(ren): aurail coimperta i soaici `Zeugung (Kindern)', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 26 § 7 . ni berat comperta for fine `they put not their progeny upon the tribe', Laws v 272.12 . ite andso comperta mbroga fo a luibid `such then, are the productions of land', iv 278.31 Comm. a chlain[n]e is a chomperta, BColm. 12.26 . na ren in coimpert (viz. the infant Brigit), Lism. L. 1185 . ? daig ní fhulṅgitis c.¤ Duind Cualnge accu, TBC-LL¹ 1532 `begetting', TBC-LL² p. 174 . coimpeirt geoid goose's egg, MR 110.5 . guth na circe / ag commaoidhamh a coimpeirte, Éigse i 118.13 .

(d) semen virile : hoc sperma. coimpert , Ir. Gl. 847 . in ch.¤ . . . rolásaide . . . it maclocsu, LL 35686 . rothoit a coimpert uadh, Fél. 134.37 . ambra sperma ceti .i. coimpert an mhil mhóir, 23 K 42, 349.3 .

do-slí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-slí or dil.ie/18463

 

Forms: tullim, do-sli, doslíi, toslui, tuille, tuilli, dosliat, dusliat, tuillet, tuillit, thuilled, doruillet, toroildind, do-sn-uilliub, doruilli, rothuillisem, tuillem

v (* to-slí-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 631 ) Indic. pres. 1 s. ni tullim , LU 10300 . 3 s. do-sli, Laws i 242.1 , ii 78.19 , etc.; PH 8380 . doslíi, Laws iv 336.4 Comm. toslui (?), ZCP xiii 23.4 . ní tuille , PH 8380 ; Laws v 272.3 . ní tuilli , 384.8 . 3 pl. dosliat, iii 492.11 etc. dusliat, v 138.10 . ni tuillet, 404.17 . ni tuillit , 160.2 . Impf. 3 s. ni thuilled , LL 217a44 . Subj. pres. 3 pl. doruillet, Laws iv 196.1 . Impf. 1 s. co toroildind , Mon. Tall. 136.27 . Fut. 1 s. do-sn-uilliub, LL 284b24 (= dosnuillib, Fél. p. 154 ). Perf. 3 s. doruilli, BB 400b32 (?). 1 pl. ní rothuillisem , Wb. 24d6 . Vn. tuillem.

In Mid.Ir. treated as a simple vb. with root tuill- and somet. confused with tuill- finds room (see 2 do-alla); cf. Eg. Gl. 590 : tuill ` contain, deserve '. IGT Verbs §§ 71 - 73 .

Deserves, merits, earns, is entitled to, incurs (in good or bad sense). Freq. in Laws (text). is mo doslí oldaas a on húare doslíi lóg a enech it entails something which more than offsets the insult, Críth G. 551 . sellach dosli leth-fiachu, Laws i 242 . dosli tri seotu cachu dechmaidi, v 340 . iss mo do thorbu dosli cach ben bes druinech olldāite cid rīgna, 382 . dosliat fiacha, 138 . dusli fiacha bar ccoimchionadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 32 with gloss .i. do tuillebair fiacha. cain aigillne ┐ giallnu, cid dosli what does it entail? ZCP xiv 338 § 1 ( Laws ii 222 ). ní thuille fochraicc acht doslí péin, PH 8380 . co toroildind bendachtain, Mon. Tall. 136 . mo bennacht . . . mogenair nech rostuillenn, ZCP xii 386 . nīr tuillset m'esccaine ná mh' oirbire riam, BNnÉ 267 . cor' tuiltis a tuarastal, Metr. Dinds. iii 70 . gach clú d'ár thuill Beannchar Uladh, Keat. i 52 . O Gormgail nár thuill tabeim, Hy Fiach. 186 . riamh nír thuillebair masla | i n-am chatha, O'Gr. Cat. 504 . an té . . . dorinne na neithe do thuill buillidhe, Luke xii 48 . mūir na faitchi, feib dasli, | rosdelbtha do findruini as it deserves it, i.e. as is fitting (? impers.), SR 417 . co ḟuigh be cach aen mur thuillfes lá na brethe do maith nó dh'ulc, ZCP ii 230 . Followed by ó of pers.: muna iodhlaicit . . . tuillit ó Maodhócc mallacht they incur the curse of M., BNnÉ 259 . M. . . . nar thuill (thill, v.l.) ó énneach anaoibh, 289 . co tuillem bendachtain ón Spirut Náem, ZCP viii 214 . dogénainn mar in gcétna fortsa dá dtuillteá uaim é, SG 338 . ? do thuill ón reacht bearnadh ball, Ó Bruad. ii 270 . With vn. phrase as obj.: rotuillis bās d'fagail I deserved to die, ZCP vi 27 . mac nar thuill a lí do luisneadh who never had cause to blush, Ó Bruad. ii 186 . gur tuilleadh leis an bás do bheith i gcinneadh dhó, TSh. 514 . galúin ime mar cháin . . . ar gach cūiger da ttuillfe cassaoid do dhenamh orra dona buannadhaibh that gives the Buonaght cause of complaint, Ulster Journ. of Arch. vi 61 . Cf. further: sibh féin fo thár ná tuillse, Content. xxiii 6 . Followed by DO of pers. brings (on), earns or incurs (for): ni thulli fochraicc do neoch acht dofairce péin . . . for nech, PH 8377 . do thuill sé dhó féin ┐ dá chloinn é (sc. an bás), TSh. 2541 . t' ḟine féin dar thuill sibh diomdha . . . fear bhfuinidh on whom you have brought the anger, Content. xvi 195 . maith do thuill a mbéasa dháibh | a bhfuairsead uatha d'anáir, xiii 7 . nachar thuill tusa so dhuit féin?, Jeremiah ii 17 . cuibrech caich iad . . . da ttuillter a ttroim-deabhaidh they will be a hindrance to whosoever incurs their enmity (of halidoms), BNnÉ 245 . With extension of meaning: ba mor tuath . . . rotustuillsit fo chísaib ┐ bés ┐ dán ┐ dliged dóib many princes had they brought under tribute . . . to themselves (?), Alex. 381 = mortuath . . . robai ic imtecar na sét sin, etc., IT ii2 97 , cf. BB 444a35 .

With change of obj.: faendlid cach fiadh dosli faille who incurs (the charge of) neglect (is guilty of), O'Gr. Cat. 80 . gibe thuilles na tri gniomh whoever commits these three acts, BNnÉ 262 . ar grádh Dia . . . na tuill diumga ana timche[ll] so be not vexed, O'Gr. Cat. 116 . fuil ríg-Gheruilt | nár thuill goradh do ghrád chruid `that never warmed to love of pelf', 392 (but perh. that never merited censure, cf. ni tuill a gruaid do goradh, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 92 § 4 ).

With ellipse of obj.: ar ḟoglaimm tuillfes dóib bodéin which will serve them, Mer. Uil. 111 . ar ḟoglaimm nach tuillfed dún do dénum which would be of no use to us, 109 . robsad comhdaltacha sinn ag Sgathaigh, uair is aice rothuillmis ar ndis served our apprenticeship (?), ZCP x 289 . ? ro chertus for Lagniu | lánéraic . . . | ní moídet in n-ammus, | tarras is ro thuill, LL 18650 ( PRIA xix 552 ).

do-slí buide di (fri) is subservient to; cringes to, curries favour with: ni rothullius buide, ropom tuire tend, PRIA xix 550 ( LL 147a42 ). ní rothuillisem buidi do neuch, Wb. 24d6 . ní tullim budi do neoch acht do Conchobur, IT i 325 ( LU 10300 ) = ni tuillim buidi di nech, 142 (Eg.). ná tuill buide mblāith | fria duine nach dlúith, KMMisc. 274 . ní tuille buidhe fri nach ríg, MR 54 . rí uathmar croda diumsach . . . ni thuilled buide fri nech, LL 217a44 . ní tuillead buidi fri duine | im ṡaigi (leg. suide) no im laighe, Anecd. i 47 . ni tuille[d] buidhe fria nech (of Caesar), CCath. 354 . ni tuilled buidhi re Sabhdán nā re tigerna, Maund. 49 (cf. Eng. version they dread not the Soudan). See O'Rahilly, ZCP xvii 206 ff .

1 emnaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 emnaide or dil.ie/20029

 

io-iā (part. of 1 emnaid) doubled, double: do-rat rath...emnaide for Helessiam bestowed double grace upon Elisha SR 7144 . emancoll .i. coll emnaide double c Auraic. 5526 . a chosmailis brethe emnaide similitude of double judgment (i.e. judgment in two parts) Corm. Y 1224 . Cf. ata āirmideta derpta a sillab .i. ceithri troigi desillæbaig et a houcht tresillæbaig ┐ a se dec emnaiti, Auraic. 4518 (emti MS).

1 fásach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fásach or dil.ie/21329

 

Forms: fassag, fásaige, fasaigib, fasaig, fássach, fasaigib

n o, s, n. (?) n s. fassag (mbreth), O'Mulc. 495 . n p. fásaige, see below. A legal precedent, a decision which has passed into a maxim; a proverbial saying: fāsach (no fāisech) ... .i. dobir in brethem cosmailius don chaingin ima fuiglither ... ┐ adfet iarom in [m]brith ronucsat brethemnai gaotha fuirre, Corm. Y 611 . canaid in breithem fassach fir-aicnid ┐ roscadh filed, 1224 s.v. tuirigin. fassag ebraice transgressio .i. robuth ann riamh ce dorearacht, unde dicitur: fassag mbreth .i. quod dixerunt qui de hoc mundo transierunt (i.e. a saying of the ancients) O'Mulc. 495 (cf. Corm. Y 433 ). ní huasligethar nach mbrethemuin mani fassach fírinne fiastar, ZCP xi 93.6 . cisne tri leaca ... nād fuaslaici dliged nā fuigeall nā fāsach, Laws v 450.2 . cf. rae tae torae nís fóirithe fola na fásach, Ériu xiii 29.28 . ar us seanfasac la feine, Laws iv 154.21 (with gl.: ar is sencinded, 156.4 . O'Dav. 906 ). a breith gin fasach `without a precedent' Laws v 352.4 . i sreathaibh roscaigh ┐ fasaigh ┐ airchetail precedent (ancient ruling) Auraic. 337 . is cían o as fásach ni gebthar cath cen ríg, LU 1514 ( MU² 1012 ). in gaedhealg fasaig (.i. i fis ogae), BB 300b3 . d du. ar in de fasaigib no dareithet: ni fognai lam laim, ni daim enecland anadh `from the two maxims which give relief' Laws i 228.16 . pl. it fasaig ┐ roscaid berthe [leg. berte] brethe (= judgments are decided by precedents and maxims) ZCP xi 89.23 . fasaige na filed precedents, maxims (one of the kinds of `bérla tobaide') Auraic. 1303 . fasoighe (fasaid v.l.), 4620 . asberad araili comad e in berla Feini fasaigi na filed ┐ co nach berla fo leith etir, 1337 . dogniat ina firta condat fasaige, Anecd. v 25.14 . g p. lín fássach `a number of precedents' Triads 178 . d p. brithem fri brithemnas ar roscadaib ┐ fasaigib , LU 9790 = Trip. 566.4 . ní fuigledar nach fuigled nad bí co fássaigib fírinne fossaigedar a breith unless he support his judgment by just precedents ZCP xi 82.2 = manip co fasaigib firinne fo gabthar, 89.23 .

fili

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fili or dil.ie/22070
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fili, filid, filid, filed, filid, ḟilid, fileda, filed, file, fileadha, filidh, filed, fili, fili

n t, m. n s. fili, Wb. 31b19 . Sg. 29a3 . LU 10942 , etc. a s. filid, 10944 . d s. filid, Sg. 140a1 . g s. filed, 71b16 . n p. filid 63a14 . ind ḟilid , 162a3 . Ml. 26b10 . a p. fileda, Sg. 63b4 . 212a11 . g p. filed, Rawl. 124a46 . n s. file, LU 10941 . Rawl. 156b5 . IGT, Decl. § 21 . n p. fileadha ( Keat. iii 1239 , etc.) is proscribed as incorrect, IGT Decl. § 21. ex. 784 .

Orig. seer, diviner (cognate with Welsh gwelet, see Thurn. Heldensage, 66 ), and in earlier documents generally implies occult powers or knowledge : fili gl. propheta, , Wb. 31 b 19 . imbass forosnae .i. dofuarascaib sechip ret bas maith lasin filid ┐ bes adlaic dó d'foillsiugad, Corm. Y 756 . is a Senc[h]as Mar ro airled comdire do rig ┐ epscop ┐ aige rechta litre ┐ sua[i]d filed for-can di cendaib, Laws i 40.16 ( ZCP xvi 175 ), with gl. : .i. in sui file[d] ... da faillsigend imad a sofesa ... co ndenand rand can smuainedh .i. cen imradud, Laws i 42x Comm. firt filed (a miracle wrought by a poet) AU 1024 . See also ZCP xix 163 , IT iii 96 § 155 , Imr. Brain i 46 , Corm. s.v. Mug eme , Coire Brecain ; RC xxvi 8 . For `fili' and `drui' as interchangeable terms see Plummer V. SS. Hib. i clxi , clxii . Poet (historian, panegyrist, satirist), man of learning (the `fili' in early times was not always sharply distinguished from the `breithem' and `senchaid,' and seems originally to have united all three functions : ni dhligh cúairt no cennaighect | ar ni fili fíreólach | hi feidm eoluis ilcrothaigh | manip co fēigh fessara | cīsa tenna is tuarustla | ... ; ni dlig cuairt ... | file nach dron dechraighfes | sochur dochur dílmaine | drēcht cech tīre thic, ZCP iv 237 . Leb. Cert. 236 . on uair dona ronuc Aimirgin Glungel cetbreth i nEre robu la filedhu a n-oenur breithemnus, cusin Imacallaim in da Tuar i nEmain Mache .i. Ferceirtne file ┐ Nede mac Adna ... Ba dorcha didiu in labrad ro labairset na filid [sic leg.] isin fuigell sin ┐ nirbu reill donaib flaithib in brethemnus ronucsat ... Do allad didiu brethemnus [sic leg.] ar filedhaib iar sin, acht a nduthaigh de, ┐ ro gab cach d'feraib Eirenn a drecht don breithemnus, Laws i 18 Comm. Cf. dichetal filed, one of the things by which law is preserved in tradition, ZCP xvi 175 = Laws i 30 . canaid in breithem fassach firaicnid ┐ roscadh filed, da cois ina brethe in sin, Corm. Y 1224 . See also the tract on The Privileges ... of poets, ed. E. J. Gwynn, Ériu xiii p. 2 ff .) : amal as ho molad ┐ adamrugud in choimded intinscana in salm sa [isamlaid] forcentar dano amal dundgniat ind filid linni cid in sin, Ml. 26b10 . filidh (gl. poeta), Ir. Gl. 1 . Of Latin poets Sg. 63a14 . fili .i. fī a n-aoras ┐ lī a mmolas ┐ brecht a fuacras in file, Corm. Y 600 . f.¤ ... .i. seircid foglamo. nó ... fī fora aeir ┐ lī fora molad, O'Mulc. 537 . duarfine ... ainm d'filethaib .i. fine duar .i. fine foccul, Corm. Y 445 . rosiachtus glún Amargin filed coro molaim ríg as cach feib i mbi, LU 10298 . rātha eturru secht ṅdruid, secht filid, secht n-ócthigirn. na secht ṅdruid dia rímsad tría brichtu, na secht filid dia ṅglámad ┐ dia n-erḟuacra (`the seven druids to bewitch (?) them by means of spells; the seven poets to satirise them and denounce them') Dinds. 161 . nemed .i. fili ... ar is a fidnemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc. 830 . nem-uath fri filedaib iarsinni aerait nech co n-epil de, 830 f . asbert in fili nodnaírfed ... ┐ no áerfad a athair ┐ a máthair ┐ a senathair ┐ docechnad fora n-usciu conná gébtha iasc ina inberaib, LU 10946 ( Imr. Brain i 46 ). Applied to Virgil , Sg. 29a3 ; Epimenides Wb. 31b19 . ar ba faith, ar ba file (of David), Hib. Min. 5. 157 . ro can in filid ┐ in faith .i. Bec mac Dé, Cog. 10.22 . Find fili, mac Rosa, LL 311b53 . c56 . Rawl. 118b30 . gen. Find filed m. Rossa, 117e28 . Faifne file, LL 160b11 . Ferchertne file, Rawl. 156b4 . ZCP viii 326.1 . The `filid' was commonly attached to the house-hold of a chief. The calling was hereditary and the office of `fili' to the head of the clan was, in later times at any rate, often the prerogative of a particular family : fili Conchobair in tAed, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 22 . Fergus Fínbel, file Find, Dinds. 52 . Fergus Fínbél, fili na Féinde, Acall. 3017 . file Chon Raoi, Feircheirtne a ainm, Keat. ii 3524 . clann Fhir bhisigh .i. fileadha Ua nAmhalghaidh ┐ Cloinne Fiachrach, Hy Fiach. 10 . adubhairt ris file do bheith 'na ardollamh aige féin ar aithris na ríogh roimhe, Keat. iii 1465 .

duais ḟiled is ruidles .i. a ndoberr [sic leg.] i logh natha acht rop iar firinde ┐ choir mbeith in nath the poet's fee is absolutely conveyed, that is, what is paid for a poem, provided the poem be truthful and correct ZCP xiii 20.19 ( Bürgschaft 7 ). coic gne in berla tobaidi .i. berla fene ┐ fasaige na filed ┐ berla etarsgarta ┐ berla forttide [fortcide v.l.] na filed triasa n-agaillit cach dib a chele, Auraic. 1303 . berla na filed, part of the sixth year's course of the student-`fili' IT iii 38 .

From early times the `filid' formed an important and highly organized corporation classed among the `saer-nemed' (privileged classes) : tri nemid uaisli ... .i. espoc ┐ flaith ┐ file, O'D. 1631 (< H 5.15, 16b ). it e saernemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh (.i. graid filedh), feine, Laws v 14.10 . There were seven grades of fili, of which the highest was the ollam filed : in t-ollam filedh iarna uirdned ag rig tuath the fully qualified poet when appointed by the king of territories Laws i 42z Comm. ollamh fileadh ` master poet ' Studies 1919, 74 . Cf. O'D. 1214 ff ( H 2.15A, p. 84 ). in t-ollam sair ... adeitig lasin ugdar ni bud mo do na cutruma risin ollamain filed, no risin ollamain mberla no risin fear legind, Laws v 92x Comm. secht ngrad filed : ollam, ansrut[h], cli, canae, dos, mac fuirmid, focluc, O'Mulc. 537 . IT iii 96 § 155 . RC xii 119 . See also Laws iv 358 - 60 . v 26 ; 56 ff . is a ndanaibh defrighet ┐ dearscaighit gach grad filedh o raile i sos ┐ i segda ┐ i n-aircedal BB 296b29 ( IT iii 6 n .). sé dá rádh go riacht tusa | ... seacht ngradh na bfilidh ar fad ..., Gofraidh Mac an Bhaird, 23 L 17, 148b . The fili was at all periods distinguished from the bard (q.v.), whose qualifications and status were inferior (in: a bhfilidh, dá ngairid báird, Keat. i 70 , he is rendering Camden : poetas, quos bardos vocant) : cescc cidh dlighedh i ffil an bhairdne lasna filedhoibh ... ? amhail roghabh rithim arradh Mettuir, as amhlaidh ataid na báird cona mbairdne arradh na ffiledh, Ériu xiii 42.4 . dichlannaigfiter filid cona biat filid etir acht baird tantum , Rawl. 111b14 ( RC xxvi 44 - 5 ). is aire tra na dlegait baird acht letheneclann na filedh uair na frithgh[n]at, uair ni [di]reanar a ngradhaibh filedh neach na frit[h]gnat no o nach frit[h]ghainter the reason bards are entitled to only half the honor-price of poets is that they do not serve [ = practise their art], for `dire '-fine is not paid for any in the grades of a poet who do not serve or are not served BB 296b33 . Amal forber cach gradh filed seach araile im mod soís in oircidail toimside, forber ... cach gradh dibsom [viz. the bards] seach aroile IT iii 24 . fogluim na .uii. mad bliadna .i. brosnacha suad .i. bairdne na mbard ┐ dlegair dond ḟilid a ḟis, ar is he accept na sechtmad bliadna don ḟilid, 39 . ni dír báird acht dír fileadh | fis cach righ is a dhlighedh, Leb. Cert. 182 . The fili in his twelve-year course of study ( IT iii 31 ff .) had to master the various metrical tracts and oghams, memorize a mass of verse and prose tales, and learn certain methods of incantation : is hi ... foglaim na hochtmaide bliadna .i. fiscomarca filed .i. duili berla ┐ clethchor choem ┐ reicne roscadach ┐ laíde .i. tenm laída ┐ immas forosnai ( ZCP xix 163 ) ┐ dichetal do chennaib na tuaithe ┐ dín[n]ṡenchus ┐ primscéla Hérend olchena fria n-aisneis do ríghaib ┐ flaithib ┐ dagdhoínib. Ar ni comlán in fili chena, sicut dixit poeta : ni ba dúnad cen rígu. niba fili cen scéla, IT iii 49 - 50 . in-feded in fili scél cacha aidche do Mongán, LU 10942 .

Sometimes in sense a learned man, one skilled in literary composition in Irish, dist. from the Latin author on one hand and the unlearned Irishman on the other : a ngrad con-deilg lasin Laitneoir is eatargoiri a n-ainm lasin filid `the comparative degree of the Latinist (writer of Latin) is named inflection by the [Irish] poet' Auraic. 640 . possit ┐ comparait ┐ superlait lasin Laitneoir .i. fothugudh ┐ forran ┐ formoladh lasin filid : maith ┐ fearr ┐ fearrson lasin nGaedeal, 645 . maith, etc. (.i. lasin nGaedel coitchend a n-ecmais in filed, fothugad immorro lasidhe) 657 . ocht ndeich tra atrimet filidh na Goídilce the Gaelic poets reckon eight (metrical) feet Corm. Y 447 .

forus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forus or dil.ie/24049
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: forus, forus, foris, forois, foris, forsib, foirsib, foras, faras

n o, u, n. (for decl. cf. dorus). n s. a forus sae, Cáin Ad. 28 . d s. forus, Wb. 15d34 . g s. foris, 9c1 et pass. forois, Sg. 138a7 . n p. cf. inna foris , Ml. 63c6 , which seems corrupt. d s. forsib, Laws i 288.10 . foirsib, ii 78z . foras m. IGT Decl. § 38 .

As to the suggestion by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 676 that it is the abstr. to fo-ro-finn- (see for-finnadar) see Bergin, Ériu xii 223 . The derivation < forfis given by Asc. is untenable (despite the expl. in Rawl. 105b cited below and: foras fírfhios, O'Cl. Such expls., frequent in Laws only show that the original meaning of the word was then unknown); see Gwynn, KMMisc. p. 183 .

I

(a) that which is stable; stability; basis, foundation, bottom , the orig. sense acc. to Gwynn loc. cit.; in older texts generally in fig., in later also in lit. sense. í f.¤ cen oclatid at rest, unmoved (gl. in longanimitate Wb. 15d34 (`in knowledge' Edd. Thes., taking gloss to refer to the preceding in scientia. Bergin suggests `in firmness' Ériu xii 223 ). cen nī don dīni bai i fus | hi suidib fīri hi f.¤ (i.e. who had remained stationary on the hither side, see 1 Sam. xxx 22 ) SR 6464 . iarraidh ḟorais i fudomain (of a hopeless undertaking), CCath. 4396 . atáim ceangailte i láib an ghrinnill ┐ ní fhuil f.¤ ann, TSh. 4188 (= substantia Psalms lxviii 3 ). do thuit tu san bpoll ... is nach bhfoghair foras acht ag gabhail timchioll choidhche, Luc. Fid. 292.16 . grinneal aigéin gan f.¤ `unfathomable ocean-bed' TD 17.52 . This is prob. the sense in the follg. fig. expressions: f.¤ comairle `steadfastness of counsel' Ériu vii 138 (d) = ZCP iii 25.23 . f.¤ fesa (of Cathbad) TBC-LL¹ 5487 St (cf. F.¤ Feasa ar Éirenn, the title of Keating's history (= the firm foundation of knowledge of Ireland ?)). f.¤ úird na healadhna (of a chief), Rel. Celt. ii 272.10 . f.¤ focal (name of a glossary) LL 395a1 . béim forais a driving home (?), fig. a fundamental doctrine, statement of a general principle underlying several previous statements, see Gwynn, KMMisc. p. 178 ff .: beim foris tra anisiu, Wb. 11c3 ( 1 Corinth. x 31 ). is béim foris inso forsna dlígetha remeperthi no is titul in dligid ar chiunn, Wb. 13a29 , similarly 9c1 , 10a12 , 28a11 . beim foirais lessom ánísiu for a remeperthe asrubart riam .i. as hon choimdid forcomnacair a mbrith som isin doiri (gl. A Domino factus est istud ...) Ml. 131c14 , cf. aithbeim forais, 94c13 . beim forois in sin (gl. Et ea per naturam, following descr. of the formations tonstrix, tonstricula from tonsor. Gwynn, KMMisc. 181 , would translate `a statement of principle') Sg. 138a7 . co bráth combad beim forais, SR 6468 (= quasi lex in Israel usque in diem hanc 1 Sam. xxx 25 ). as tusa do raid tosach an cobro, as let beim a foris you began the conversation, it is yours to state the gist of the whole matter ZCP xiii 274.18 . is sí roben beim forais for in lámthorad, LU 10322 = ZCP iii 237.7 . beim forais an aphorism O'Mulc. 578 (see KMMisc. 183 ). indeóin forais something firmly based; a `point d'appui,' fulcrum, base of operations (?): ro múradh ... an toilén ... fo dháigh ná badh carracc cothaighthe ┐ ná budh inneoin ḟorais do dhiberccach é, AFM v 1742.6 . istudh flatha ┐ indeoin forais (of Babylon), CCath. 21 . Of persons: in indeoin forais ┐ an forus breth (of Cicero) ib. 4492 . inneóin ḟoruis Inse Fáil, TD 25.40 . O Cerbhaill ... inneóin forais ┐ uaithne óir na nEileach `anvil of the solidity' AFM v 1408.5 . tabraid for cobais ... rād forais (a statement from the very beginning, an exhaustive account ?) SR 3614 . Cf. further: is cían o tá hi fis ┐ hi f.¤ for tíchtain sund your coming hither has long been a matter of established knowledge LU 1812 ( RC ix 490 ). im Teamhair tír in ḟorais, BB 37b36 . Ard na Riag, raid a foros ` origin ' Metr. Dinds. iii 414 . oldate inna foris di ar n-athraib, Ml. 63c6 (gl. magna a patribus de tuis factis audivimus et maiora [praestolamur]) is almost certainly corrupt. The rendering is Thes. `than the accounts of our fathers' is in any case impossible.

(b) established or fundamental principles of knowledge or science, axioms, apodictic maxims (?): fochmorc foruis (of Ferchertne: investigation of first principles i.e. a final authority ?) Rawl. 108b35 ( RC xxvi 20 ). forus .i. forismus [ = ἀφόρισμος] graece, sermo breuis latine ... unde dicitur : adcomced beim foruis fair [ = O'Mulc. 578 ] nō forus .i. fis for araile ut est is ē in fis in Senchas Mār. is ē in forus Cāin Patraic ┐ Cāin Adomnan , Rawl. 108b36 ff . Cf. foras .i. dligheadh no bunáit. foras chána Adhamnáin, etc., O'Cl. see also under (c) below. a fis, a f.¤, a foirceatol, Ériu iv 146 § 24 . a filidhecht ┐ a f.¤ dhorchaidh `abstruse knowledge' AU iii 572 . a croinicib ┐ a Periges Prescean ┐ a berla forais, BB 488a marg. inf., man. rec. ( IT ii2 96 ). Esp. of legal learning: o Feinib gach foruss, Corm. Y 975 , p. 84 . cach dliged iar f.¤, cach rāth co f.¤ , ACL iii 227.53 . cach f.¤ co slán, cach slan co f.¤ , 60 - 62 (perh. these belong to II). faras ` Reason ' Kirk (gan ḟ.¤ ` unreasonable ' 2 Thessal. iii 2, 1681 = gan chúibhgheas 1602).

(c) hence the principle or enactments of a law, passing occas. into sense of enforcement, sanction (cf. cit. fr. Rawl. 108b above): iss ead in so f.¤ Cana Adomnan ... Oc Birraib forurmed a f.¤ sae for feraib Hērenn, Cáin Ad. 28 . is ed in so f.¤ cána in domnaig, Ériu ii 202 § 20 . f.¤ chano Patricii hi Cruachnibh la Dub da leithi ` promulgation ' AU 782 = AFM 778 . breth ria f.¤, f.¤ ria forba, Cóic Con. p. 30 § 16 (stages in a lawsuit: `Geltend-Erklärung' Thurn., i.e. enforcement of the verdict ?). cēin bīt brethemain fri tasbenad ┐ foros (.i. in fis ōgh asa mberend a brethe), ZCP xii 359.24 . cūlairecht ..., is iat all bis iar g[c]ūl na n-airechta fri breth ┐ f.¤ (.i. fri fīrfis na brethe sin) ib. 17 .

Occurs in late compds. in sense of aged or tried, experienced: foraisbhean .i. bean áosda, O'Cl. na bhforascháirdibh friends of long standing Ó Bruad. iii 192 . forasoglach .i. óglach aosta, O'Cl. ba forasócclach an ionbhaidh sin é ┐ nir bhó túalaing tathugadh a thuath (of an aged chief), Hugh Roe 32.21 (f. 9a) . mna ┐ miondaoine ┐ forusócclaoich old men 124y (f. 33b) . a uaisle, a airigh, ┐ a ḟorusocclaoigh veterans AFM vi 2126.24 .

II A station, resting-place, dwelling. Cf. lethdire foruis, Críth G. 220 . In Laws sometimes glossed by `ārus' and used esp. of a cattle-pound or other place where distrained cattle might be detained (f.¤ n-athgabála), a place appointed for the delivery of animals according to a contract: ni fuil acht tri foruis ann: f.¤ n-acra, f.¤ nditin, f.¤ mbreitheamhun Laws ii 10.24 (glossed .i. tri aruis ib. 27 ). icfai a slan ... a f.¤ to thigi fadein, Bürgschaft 27 § 74c . atdaime for f.¤ ┐ follus ┐ fiadan `Erfüllungsort' 15 § 51b . fuircimsi cobach latsa ar mo chind i maighin an forais, 13 § 44 . fiach domsa huait ... isind f.¤ sa, 15 § 51a . f.¤ fēich, 17 § 52 . raith fuis (.i. raith bis a fosaighecht i f.¤), 41 . f.¤ tuaithe `territory house', Laws iv 302.5 ( Críth G. 57 : `to the appointed place in the territory (?)'; apparently `a public infirmary,' Mac Neill, MacNeill, Law of status 285 ). fer forais `a house-holding man ' (one expl. of `seirthiud') Laws iv 352.1 . ailid fír foirrse an oath requires fixed habitations v 460.16 (= ZCP xvi 270 , but see foirse). atait secht foruis ... arachuille coir n-athgabala ... a n-āin i tech mbriugud, ... cathuir uasalnemid, tech bid fas. Otha suidiu dligi cach f.¤ n-athgabala dia faithce fodesin (i.e. there are seven illegal pounds for cattle; these apart, anyone may detain them in his own green) Laws v 266.19 . a tabairt (na athgabala) ... a f.¤ dona secht forsib, i 288.10 . See also s.v. foíndel (c). Rucus: f.¤ n-athgabāla, i n-alachrích I decided that it was lawful (in the case) to impound beyond the territory Caratnia 49 . dermadach forais forgetful about the place appointed for fulfilling the contract Bürgschaft 31 § 84 .

Defining gen.: seirthiud [sic leg.] .i. oclach do daghcenel no fer forais `a householding man' Laws iv 352.1 . ? cf. sentuindi foraiss, Cóir Anm.² i 103 § 104 (Ed. 7) ​​​. rath foruis, Bürgschaft 28 § 76a ( .i. aga mbi arus, 41 ). .uii. muca co muic ḟorais `domestic boar (?)' Críth G. 90 (a `resident sow' the remaining seven being expendable and replaceable ?). tuirc ḟorais `domestic boars' 195 .

Cf. apad ┐ forais, Cáin Ad. 39 . na .iii. foruis .i. cain ┐ cairde ┐ urrudus, no fogelt ┐ bleith ┐ dithim, H 3.17, c. 4 , 35 ( O'D. 5 ). filidh fíora forusda, f.¤ teora mbreth, breth Féne, breth filedh saoir, breth fuighill, Ériu xiii 32.6 . ... fuigheall fri f.¤ fath, 33y . ? dlighedh do feghar for f.¤ firinnsge, 26.6 .

imchosnam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imchosnam or dil.ie/27403

 

Forms: iomchosnamha, iomchosnaimh, himmchosnib, himmcosnamib

n Orig. u, m. later also o, m. g s. an iomchosnamha , AFM ii 1136.8 . iomchosnaimh, TD 4 § 6.

I

(a) the act of contending for, striving for; contention: bái imorro i.¤ im Fhergus da churiud do chormannaib, IT i 75.13 . boí in t-imcosnam cetna beius imón curadmir, LU 9034 ( FB § 78 ). do imchosnom dul isa tech ar thús, LU 8257 ( FB § 20 ). batar... ic imcosnamh tosaigh do beit[h] ag cech fer diobh ..., TBC-LL¹ p. 83 n. 12. brethem na laimethar gell fri hiumcosnam a brethe against the disputing of his judgment? Laws v 352.z . bátár ... oc i.¤ cia dib no ebelad in mac, LU 10614. batar maic Amalgaid oc i.¤ imon rige, ACL iii 22.25 . Marian h. Donnabair ... a dola do Roim a n-i.¤ na hespocoiti, Ann. Conn. 1297.7 . ac imchosnum ┐ ac imthairring fri araile, TTebe 213 . roopair Ampiaraus imchosnum tosaich re Areón `A. essayed to gain first place from Arion,' 2400 . oc i.¤ na saigti thall disputing the attack from the other side? (of a game of chess), Ériu v 32.21 . is é ro chuir an céadchath | re hucht n-iomchosnaimh fhuinn Bhreagh, TD 4 § 6. tugadh cath Droma Deirg i nAlbain idir Dhrust ┐ Aonghus ... fá iomchosnamh na críche `for the mastery of the country,' Keat. iii 2322.

(b) folld. by for (ar) the act of defending, defence: ionnus go bhféadfadh é féin d'iomchosnamh ar lot so that he could defend himself against damage, TSh. 594. d'imdheghoil ┐ d'imchosnamh tóronna a thīre ar chomharsnachaibh, Fl. Earls 76.1 .

II Metaph. the eyelid (as a defence for the eye): d p. dona himmchosnib (for himmcosnamib) gl. tutonibus, Gild. Lor. gl. 121.

leth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. leth or dil.ie/30036
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: leth, leith, leithe, leithe, lethe, leithi, lethe, -leithe, leath, leithdeimhin, lethshathach

n o and s, n. Freq. treated as two words, l. o, n. half and l. s, n. side (e.g. GOI, Críth Gabl., BDD). But it is in some contexts difficult to decide between the two meanings, and cf. d s. leth (side), Ml. 51d3 , 128a1 ( leith, 62b13 ), d s. leith (half), Sg. 18a4 (but see note in Thes.), leuth, BCr. 3c , SR 8041 ; g du. leithe, Sg. 25b6 is ambiguous in meaning, and with lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 may belong to the by-form leithe, which latter. however, is more reliably attested in meaning side than in meaning half: a s. lethe, Imr. Brain 49 , leithi, TBC-I¹ 525. d s. lethe (MS.), Críth G. 428 , Grail 2004 . -leithe, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 .

In later lang. more usual in meaning half (for meaning side cf. taeb) except in adv. and prep. phrases, in which both meanings are frequent. leath m., IGT Decl. § 31. f. , § 39 .

A in meaning side, direction .

I

(a) side: cia beth cosar do cluim glain / fom dda lethe though I had a couch strewn of down beneath my sides, ZCP xiii 258.11 . a beóil for leith a cind, BDD² 541. Cf. do-berad urcar do cloich fuirre ┐ níba cian o leit[h] a cinn, TBC St. 1311 . tibri da leithe `to laugh on all sides', Laws v 228.27 (a kind of satire) .i. gaire uime . . . do cach l.¤ , 230.13 Comm . ? gur gab cairde fair ona cethre lethaib, asrenar . . . a di chumal cairde gacha leithe dona cethre lethaib, O'Curry 2532 - 3 ( Eg. 88, 44 ). ord cumaisc imorro .i. a cumusc a gabail as a leth deridh `the latter end(?)', Laws v 26.21 Comm . ro-claenad-som . . . cach l.¤ don luiṅg, TTebe 1995 . fal na leiti-si (sic) . . . don longphort, CCath. 5177 . tréd na loidhe ar leith an cnuic, Irish Texts ii 2 § 8 . ruc sí . . . mac forsin faidche ┐ sí fó leith ina dromlaig carrying one side of the pail(?), SG 326.28 ( RC xxiv 190.13 ). ? Page: fec leath 91, 92, MS. Mat. 573.29 (see lethenach). Less freq. direction, region : sechip l.¤ fon ṁbith foguir `on whatever side', Thes. ii 300.4 ( Hy. i ). cid féchai-siu issind l.¤ cían úait, IT i 121.10 ( TE 6 Eg.). mairg lingis lēim in l.¤-sain (i.e. towards Hell), ZCP vi 265 § 15. is i do leath coir tanacais you have done well to come, Aen. 1870. In chevilles: forom l.¤ , LU 3867 ( SCC 38 ). slúaig ós lethaib, Airne F. 288. Obscure: tāinic gaimred co ngainni / rolīnsat lethe linni `die Wasser haben die Flachlande angefüllt', Bruchst. i 67 § 156 (letha, v.l.). da each a laim leath aer sealba `two horses in hand at the border of the land', Laws iv 18.20 (leth saor selba, v.l.).

(b) Of twofold division of a house side (?), part (?); indala l.¤ de crín ┐ araile úr one part of seasoned and the other of green wood, Trip.² 601 . isind le[i]th ailiu, i fochlu on the other side, the north, Críth G. 591 . l.¤ in tige . . . do Conchobur . . . a ll.¤ n-aill do bantrocht Ulad, LU 8159 ( FB 12 ). l.¤ in tige . . . la Connachta ┐ in l.¤ aile la Ulto, Sc.M² 5 . isin leith aile in tigi, TTebe 473 . san leith oile `in the other division', TD 11.16 . an uair do chuiridís tuighe ar leath an tighe . . . chum na leithe oile, Oss. iii 216. 18 - 19 .

(c) Of the sides of the body with dess and clé: atá . . . / a scíath da leith chlíu on his left side, MU² 489 . certláech da leith deis . . . fer bec . . . da leith chlí on his right, on his left, 538 - 40 . don ochtmad asna uachtarach chleib a lethi deis Adaim doronta Eua, MacCarthy 48.12 . dul sa leath chlé dod chridhe / slighe i dteach nDé 'gun duine, DDána 10.25 . ar uaisle an leithe dheis dil, Content. i 10 . dá dheis . . . dá leith chlí, TSh. 4090 . do leith do láimhe deise, DDána 24.23 .

(d) With words indicating points of compass: fri mílid in lethe atúaid `of the northern region', Metr. Dinds. iv 40.7 . forin leith tuaiscertaigh don áth, TBC St. 2869 . don leith thuaidh, DDána 64.36 . leath thúaigh northward, Deuteronomy iii 27 . barsan leith descertach ind átha, TBC-LL¹ 3387 . mad od leith anneas gai[res an drean], Ériu viii 122.27 . ar an táobh theas leath theas on the south side southwards, Exodus xxvi 18 . don leath ṡoir eastwards, 2 Kings xiii 17 .

As acc. of destination, Ériu xli 34 .

(e) In phr. (a) l.¤ with clause containing verb of motion the direction in which, anywhere, wherever : nistá leó l.¤ do-coiset do chuincid neich `they have nowhere that they can go to beg anything', Mon. Tall. 128.10 . in l.¤ bertait sin hí lecidsi dóib wherever they bring her, LU 3125 . l.¤ dia mbí in gaeth is fris bís in chomla facing the wind, BDD² 1312 . hiss ē l.¤ ruc-sum a rēim / co Cenannas, Fing. R. 659 . é l.¤ luidi for tochmarc, Metr. Dinds. ii 2.20 . teis lee alleath gebus remat `you shall go with it whither it will go before you', Ériu v 120.16 . régat a l.¤ dīa tuitched `I shall go whither I have set out', i 116.8 . in leith teid (of a spear), Laws v 30.11 Comm . in leath bearar [in] slúaigead, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3 . is é l.¤ do-chuaid Conn ar a imgabāil a mesg c[h]lainni . . . Morna, ML² 1806.

Also with cach: cach led dochoid-som sund wherever he went, Wb. 14c20 . cach l.¤ no théged, IT i 130.23 . cech l.¤ naragdais, ZCP viii 110 § 7.

For the construction is é l.¤ attoíbi . . . co dú, is aentadach fri . . . co dú this is the context of, this is a parallel passage to, etc. see at(t)oíbi, oentadach.

In a large variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

II With adverbs of direction: ar in leirg l.¤ ifus, CRR 56. immot breith assa leith adíu `about carrying thee hence', Ériu i 130.34 . isind leith anall on the far side (of the house), BDD² 669 . l.¤ anall don ḟidh `on this side of', Ériu iii 164.29 . leath thall d'Fhinn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 8.27 . lethatshuas dinn `above', O'Gr. Cat. 232.x . da'n dá cical so lethatís dind, 290.27 . don leith amuidh externally, Grail 2621 . leith amuich outside (contr. with astig), Párl. na mB. 2132 . l.¤ amaich d'Eirinn outside I., Acall. 6457 . leath amuigh do uile-theorannaibh na Breataine, Keat. ii 1718 . beith leith amuich don phecadh without sin, ITS xxix 189.13 . leith amuigh don dá chás adubhart apart from, Mac Aingil 4529 . leath amuigh d'aicídibh tura an fhíona except for, Eochairsg. 95.22 . l.¤ amuigh do mnaib not including, BCC 228.35 (§ 237) . leath 'muigh gurab amhluidh . . . apart from the fact that, Luc. Fid. 3765 . l.¤ istich inside, Celtica ii 78.278 . andsa treas alt . . . l.¤ astig `on the third interior joint', O'Gr. Cat. 295.4 . leath istigh dar gcuimhne féin `within our own memory', Keat. ii 423. Cf. also: is uathaib sin l.¤ i fat gach ferann `far and wide', SG 121.31 . In form la-: dobert ferann do laistiar in the west, Rawl. 119a17 . lais tiar iar fuine ngréne, Fél. 112.25 . bóirdréis . . . tímpchioll a ccótaoi lastíos below, Párl. na mB. 538 . d'fhan an marc-shluagh la-amuigh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 49.4 .

III With pronominalia.

(a) With poss. a his, its : co sceasain cach ball de a leithi (sescaind, lethe, LU) his limbs sprang apart, TBC-I¹ 525. sreith cechtar de a l.¤ he knocked each of them in a different (lit. his own) direction, LL 13983 . tēit in slōg uili for teiched, cach fer a l.¤ , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 34 § 4 . luid cách a lethi each went his way, LL 14308 . téit . . . cechtar de a l.¤ íar sain, TBFr. 169.

(b) With aile. With prep. DO and art. on the other side (freq. of battle, contest, etc.): bite i n-irgail . . . friu duṅdala leith, Ml. 47c3 . dind leith ailiu gl. illinc, BCr. 32a4 ( Thes. ii 16 ). at-raghat side súass, at-raghat didiu Ulaid don leith eile, Sc.M² 18 R . dilluid F. . . . don l.¤ oili a mBōaind entered the Boyne on the other side, ZCP viii 120.14 . tiocfaid leis don leith oile / guais-ṡeabhuic Bheann mBoghoine, TD 4.43 . don dara l.¤ . . . don leith eili (of simultaneous elections to a bishopric), Ann. Conn. 1307.12 . In more general sense on the other hand, alternatively. Cf. ho l.¤ ailiu gl. e regione, Ml. 128a1 . dob'áil liom . . . dob'áil leam dhon leith oile . . . , DDána 5.15 . don leith oile, L. Cl. A. B. 192.73 . don leith oile adeir Críost . . . , TSh. 1642 . In phr. l.¤ n-aill elsewhere, anywhere, etc.: is ferr damsa techt l.¤ n-aill, LU 3347 ( SCC 13 ). ráither fria . . . techt hi l.¤ n-aill n-aile co maitin, RC xxii 393.z . (BDD App.). indtan no teigdis nach l.¤ aili when they used to go anywhere else, Mon. Tall. 129.17 . tucsat a ndorus na huama i ll.¤ n-aill iat `inside of the door of the cave', PH 1018 . cidh ara tucuis in claideb i ll.¤ n-aile? why did you give away the sword? Lism. L. 1326.

(c) With cach: amal . . . asroither uisce for talmain cech l.¤ `on every side', Ml. 44d1 . aurchor snedar cach leth in all directions, Críth G. 219 . fer cach leithe lándligid `a man of full righteousness on every side i.e. dealing justly with all men', 528 and n. 0 (or to be referred to 2 l.?). co rucadur gacha leithi ar A., Fier. 235. Usually with prec. prep. DI (do, dá) or FOR (ar) in, from all directions, sides, everywhere : immib di cach leith, Wb. 17b19 . in talmain n-impu di cach l.¤ , Ml. 51d3 . di cech leith, 62b13 . 66d10 . testiu na fuile . . . for cach l.¤ , 22b1 . for cech l.¤ gl. longe lateque, 53b9 . slúaged . . . / de cach leith dar túatha, Fél. Ep. 35. fogéba do cach leith aci agid n-airegda, LU 2029 ( FA 10 ). for cech l.¤ , LU 2146 ( FA 21 ). ic fégad . . . for cach l.¤ úathu, MU² 364 . eo óir ina brut ro saiged a gúalaind for cach l.¤ on either side, IT i 131.17 . di cech leith gl. undique, Gild. Lor. 67 . in popul imme di cech l.¤ , PH 761 . dá cech leith, 7063 . do gach leith ┐ da gach thaib dib, TTebe 2225 . sneachta seacht traigthe ar gach leath uadha, SG 34.16 . táir dá gach leith ina lenmhain, IGT Decl. ex. 1158 . ar gach leath, L. Cl. A. B. 112.43 . do gach leith do na laochaib sin, ML² 1860 . do cach lethe, Grail 2004 . for cech l.¤ de, 2480 . da gach aen leithe de na timceall, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 (leth, v.l.). go ttuccadar gealladh air gach leith mutually, Dhá Sgéal Art. 152. Note also: for cechtar in da leithe `on either side' (of a stream), Laws iv 144.11 . comtar crólinnecha curaid di chechtar na da leithi, LL 224b27 ( TTr. 548 ).

(d) With cid (later cía) where, whither : inchoiscsiu damsa ceth l.¤ atā Emain show me the way to, TBC-I¹ 376 = ced l.¤ , LU 4865 = cía let[h], TBC St. 782 . cia leath reghma? Anecd. i 2.9 ( SCano 25 ). ni fhetar cia l.¤ do-rechaind, acht tucas m'aiged siar I knew not where to go, PH 500 . cia l.¤ their Adam uait?, MacCarthy 52.8 . cia leith ro cuaidh in clu mor-sin? what has become of? CCath. 4546 . cia l.¤ so, a dorman? whither away? Fing. R. 90 . cid l.¤ na mochærgi? why are you up so early? RC xiv 400 § 4.

(e) In phr. do díb le(i)th(a)ib on both sides, mutually : diblethaib .i. cechtar a da leithe, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18, 415 ). ra theigsetar na slúaig immi-sium do dib lethib, LL 175a42 ( CRR 26 ). ro ferad cath . . . do dib lethib eturro, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . ro naidmset a ccodach ┐ a ccaradradh do dib leitibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 232.12 . dībh leithibh, Celtica iv 70.209 (l.¤ ┐̇ tib, MS.).

(f) With na(ch) in any direction, anywhere : imned dom na lled dochood wherever I went, Wb. 17d7 . nochon occobrad-si co ndigseth nách l.¤ cen heisium immaróen fríe would go nowhere without him, Trip.² 151 . na digsitís nách leth o Ierusalem, PH 5408.

(g) With óen-: F. . . . ┐ L. for ōenl.¤, M. ┐ D. forsan l.¤ n-aill on the one hand . . . on the other, Rawl. 149a35 . a h-ocht Ailgenan na n-each / co ndeachaid d'eg ar enleath together, BB 61b31 . a óga tigidh d'einleath, Duan. F. ii 68 § 11 . cuirfiter d'éinleith will be put aside, RC xxviii 318 § 30. do rug ar n-omhain d'aoinleith dispelled our fear, DDána 18a.5 .

IV With prepositions (many uses with prepp. are exemplified also under III).

(a) With A: a lleith posessoris by virtue of being possessor, Sg. 198a18 . a lleith atraib gl. extrinsecus, in the matter of possession, 198b1 . a lleith indí atreba, 200b11 . a lleith aittrebthado gl. intrinsecus, 204a1 . biat-sa as do l.¤ I will be at thy side, Alex. 93 . ac urchuitmhe assa leith making excuses on his own behalf, Anecd. ii 68.4 . See also under i l.¤ fri.

(b) With AR (in later lang.): tug fiodh ar leith do lighe made the tree to bend to one side (one of the marks of an auspicious reign), L. Cl. A. B. 224.127 . rachadsa ar do leith `I shall side with thee', Duan. F. ii 244 § 16 . techt ar a leith féin to side with him, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 40.10 . ar mbeith d'Eireamhón ón fhior / ar leith gléimheadhón Gaoidheal `when E. had parted from him amid the Gaels(?), Studies 1920, 98 § 5 . níor luigh ar leith a mháthar did not depend on(?) (of Cú Chulainn), DDána 96.29 (`encroached not on his mother's land', Ir. Monthly 1927, 437 ).

(c) With DO (in some cases perh. DI): do leith dano dó a óenur frisna tri cóectu mac on one side, LU 4914 = TBC-I¹ 429 . ni-s-téged nech do muintir G. secci do leith, do na tabrad sceim némnig to one side(?), PH 7212 . co mba hecin di usce na Temrach da tharraing do l.¤ ┐ cach cumal ar uair 'na haghaidh (i.e. she always carried one side while the others took turns on the other), RC xxiv 190.8 . in Mangartach . . . do leith de ┐ Sliab Cruadha . . . don taob eile, ML² 320 . gach meacain gach lus don leatsoin there, Hackett xlii 59 .

Usually as prep. phrase with follg. gen. In concrete sense in the direction of, towards : iarsin tictís, gním cen chleith, / ind ríg dia leith ó thír thoich to him (`on account of him'), Metr. Dinds. ii 24.74 . do leith na hairde thuaidh facing the north (of a tent), 3 C 19, 51 vb15 . nac[h] racainn do leith mo aigte I would not go forward, TBC St. 1592 . líne do leith a aighthe / do chathaoiribh cumhdaighthe opposite, DDána 85.42 . do leith a aighthe in front of him, CF² 1036 . do leith a ccúil . . . do leith a ndrumann, AFM iii 320.9 , 11 . Of the seat of a disease: go mbi nescoid isna hairnibh uair ann do leith in droma ┐ uair eile do leith a sreabhonn . . . ┐ uair do leith a gcabhán, 3 C 19, 201 rb26 - 28 . Of time: doleith na haidhche towards night, 3 C 19, 73 va 24 . do bi dias do Gaidilaib ann sin do l.¤ in Chimsogaig on C.'s side, Ann. Conn. 1281.4 .

past, by (here DI(?)): romgab do leith losinan the fox avoided, slunk by me, ZCP i 459. 11 . amail sinchān do leith ǣgaire, MacCongl. 85.2 (`approaching a shepherd'). Fig. na hinghena . . . nobitis ic amran ┐ hic duchunn no geibed do leith doib dano imradagh anma Hectoir used to avoid(?), LL 405a19 ( TTr.² 1086 ).

In more abstr. senses. With respect to, as regards, according to: is do leith genelaig fer nGréc doib, Dinds. 128. ? tiucfaidh in cétmuinnter fo coruib ┐ cidh adhaltrach hí ticfaidh a fear .i. do leth in oirechta comtibach, O'D. 2077 ( Rawl. 487, 58 ). a chlú do leith eolasa ┐ eagna, Keat. ii 204 . do leith a athar ┐ a mháthar `both on his father's and mother's side', O'D. 4896 . a n-éagmais a hárdchéme onóra do leith a glúine geinealach `in respect of', Párl. na mB. 3570 . in ratione cibi .i. do leith an bhídh, 23 K 42, 307.15 . do l.¤ dileghtha an adbuir, RC xlix 8.4 . More specifically because of, from, on account of: do leith G. because you are related to G., Irish Texts ii 44 § 35 . do leith ubhaill a fhachain, DDána 10.6 (`an apple caused it,' Ir. Monthly 1929, 211 ). do leith a nemdilegtha pour cause de l'indigestion, O'Gr. Cat. 217.7. na neithi . . . disgaoileas do leith a teasa because of their heat, 3 C 19, 49 ra27 . do l.¤ an fuail from, by means of (in diagnosis), 23 K 42, 151.17 .

(d) With FO separately, severally, individually : cách fo leith gl. singuli, Wb. 5d3 . ní [i]mmalle acht is cach æ fo leith, 17d2 . cechtar nái fo leith, Sg. 63a15 . mórfeser a dám inna thúaith, cóicer fo leith when engaged on his private concerns (as an individual), Críth G. 379 ( fo le[i]th(e), 428 ). ainmnigestár cach fer fó leith cona anmaim diles fein, LU 1811 . ar cach n-ái fo leith díb, TBC-LL¹ 2726 . cech macc fo leth dia maccaib, PH 6613 . sláinte anma is cabhair chuirp / atáid fa leith na labhuirt, Arch. Hib. i 99 § xi . ima leith alternately, Laws iv 372.21 Comm . ┐ mar sin ar na peacadhuibh eile fó leith, Mac Aingil 2061 . an biobla ma leith, .i. leis fein amhain, gan ghluais, etc., Luc. Fid. 4592 . Somet. with FOR in this sense: don oenfer for leith `for one man only', Mon. Tall. 156.28 . oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, PH 7326 . gach pearsa ar leith 'n-a Dhia dhíbh, DDána 25.6 .

(e) With FOR (AR) aside, apart : tēit leo for l.¤ aside, Sc.M² 4 . co-rrala a cholaind for l.¤, ┐ corro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait to one side, 19 (leith, R.) luid īarum for l.¤ a óinur `aside', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . ro bae-side . . . ina throscud i Sliab Sína ar leith `apart', Celtica iv 28.381 . in ticfa ar l.¤ do immacallaim frimsa?, ZCP ii 135 § 9 . gādatar mnā Connacht do Conchobur tuidecht for leith, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . atat acum sund for leith / curaid ri cath . . . (: creich), TBC-LL¹ 516 . ruc leis for l.¤ da mac Z., PH 3024 . tucait aes dána Ulad ar l.¤ , RC xiv 430 § 56 . ar leith gá fhad fhuileongas? `how long will he suffer the affliction of being far away?', Aithd. D. 8.19 . ar leith [ó] dheachmhaidh Dhé `exempt from', PBocht 7.25 . ar leith atám ó theasda laid aside, Studies 1924, 87 § 15 . ar leth nó i ccoitchinne in particular or in common, RSClára 117b . ? in slicht socinelach geinfes for leith on ridiri ┐ on maigdin sin, Grail 2669 . In this sense somet. with FO: ód thriall fó leith, Oss. vi 54.19 . doimthigh a nimh . . . as fo leith, Ériu v 88.34 . ? With TAR: no gur cuir in rig dar l.¤ mathair a cloindi put aside(?), YBL 317b24 (cf. Aided M. Gloss.).

(f) In quasi-adjectival use with both FO and FOR apart, separate, different, special : gnáe far l.¤ gl. separatim, Sg. 73b1 . syllab fo leith, 165b2 . co ndergensat rainn fo leith di gl. separauerunt ab aliis partibus, 187b6 . 188a22 . 188b5 . 212a6 . Of a particular kind of assembly: cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne? . . . A cōic: cūlairecht ┐ taebairecht ┐ airecht uirdnidhe ┐ airecht fo l.¤ et airecht fodesin, ZCP xii 359.14 . airecht fo l.¤, is a suidhi bīt nadmand ┐ ratha (sic MS.) ┐ fiadain, 360.1 . torinolta i tech for leith, Trip.² 228. biaid pian for leith er son cech peccaid air, PH 7617 . gabsatt . . . ferann fo l.¤ , BColm. 8.3 . atá i n-airicul fo leith, LU 3374 ( SCC 16 ). rogairm Cond . . . ar fót fo leith `called C. aside', Ériu iii 160.y . trí lá is tri aidche ba leith / bámmar uile i tig Cachir, RC vii 292.53 . dath fo l.¤ a eduigh cach lae, Laws ii 148.6 Comm . cás ar leith an Lúan `Doomsday, supreme danger', PBocht 5.47 . rann ar leith ni dliged dam, Irish Texts ii 41 § 9 . seómra ar l.¤ , RSClára f. 111b . pian ar leith ar an intinn, ┐ pian fá leith ar an gcorp, TSh. 6495 - 6 .

(g) In phr. le(i)th for (ar) le(i)th on both sides, respectively, both of them (usually of two persons or groups): ra fornaidmit na glinni sin leith for l.¤ , MU² 106 . co mbaí . . . nónbur ra hulibásaib eturru l.¤ for l.¤ , 118 . rointer Eri l.¤ ar l.¤ `share and share', Metr. Dinds. iii 358.35 . in cath rolád, l.¤ for l.¤ , iv 250.65 . ro tuit . . . in cath l.¤ ar leith, CCath. 2217 . M. . . . ┐ F. / fríoth a n-árach leath ar leath, DDána 64.25 . táinig a ré leath ar leath / sgol Uladh, éigse Laighneach, 115.2 . forna cathaibh leath ar leath, CF² 1195 . go rangattar . . . da nionaduibh féin l.¤ ar l.¤ respectively, BNnÉ 201.33 . a gcoingheall leath ar leath (aequa utriusque conditio), TSh. 3871. More generally: an tuile dhámh, leath ar leath the throng of companies, side by side, Ériu v 56.67 . an cúiger druadh, leath ar leth `the five wizards, side by side', iv 222 § 38 . In follg. rather in turn, one after the other : fuaradh na mball leath ar leath, DDána 27.6 . ughdair Ghaoidheal leath ar leath, O'R. Poems 1473 . fágbhuim-si fós, leath ar leath / beannacht uaim ag gach aoinneach, Celtica iv 119 § 30 . Note also: as mar sin an cethramadh cric as mesarda ┐ is ferr acu l.¤ ar l.¤ `all things considered', Ir. Astr. Tr. 140.x . Other constructions: di leith for l.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1685 . do leith for leith, MR 222.z . do leith fo leith, 240.24 . leath um leith, PBocht 18.17 . do leith dar l.¤ , TTebe 3122 .

(h) With I in such a wide and subtle variety of meanings as hardly to be amenable to classification. That given here must be regarded as arbitrary, and the ascription of an example to one category or another is in many cases very doubtful.

In physical sense beside, in the direction of, towards : co cualatar guth mbec ina hingini hi leith in tigi, Irish Texts i 2.18 (cf. Bethu Brigte 38) . rothicfa it' lethe-su will come to thee, Imr. Brain 49 (`to thy parts'; `to your country', Murphy Lyrics). Laighnigh i leith do dhroma behind you, DDána 101.53 . i leith leaptha red lennán, BS 46.4 . With follg. DO: a leith don chaislēn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 26.24 . a leith da druim from behind, TTebe 1016 . Cf. forsin marcsluag do bi l.¤ da ndruim behind them, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . = a leith a ndroma, ALC i 376.18 .

Of kinship, family connection: hua-som Codiáir moir . . . i ll.¤ o mathair on the mother's side, LU 1136 ( ACC § 121 Comm. ). dáermacne . . . a lleth o mathrechaib, TBC-LL¹ 1739. ar ni boi astig nech bad glica a l.¤ o mnaib `weil im Hause auf Seiten der Frauen keine Klügere war', ZCP xiii 270.6 . comdais meic do Mac-Con na trī Fothaid gē beit i leith Sīl Fergusa, Corp. Gen. 263 . sil a leith ciníl do chríadh, Irish Texts ii 35 § 31 . leanfa D. . . . i leith athar rian na Róisteach, Ó Bruad. i 110.3 . ? enmac do fhácuib do chloinn / ina leith do Tuathaib Temra, Irish Texts ii 23 § 12.

téit i l.¤ joins forces with: resorts to, places one's trust in, seeks refuge in: ós éigin dóibh dola id leith `they will surely join thee', Aithd. D. 24.18 . a luas . . . / do-chuas i leith láimhe libh `the speed with which men flocked to thee', 77.22 . dol na l.¤ dí ní digha, Irish Texts ii 57 § 4. Cf. dochóidh . . . / Muire i leith mh'oige d'fhighe `Mary . . . has set about weaving my nature', PBocht 12.28 . leabhair Chaisil is chláir Macha / nír mheiste dhóibh dol 'na leith, L. Cl. A. B. 237.10 . dola a leith na leabhar linn, KMMisc. 174 § 29 . cách i leith a deisi ag dul resorting to force (?), L. Cl. A. B. 193.92 . mar thug láimh fá chreich na Cásg / a leith a grásd do-cháidh Crísd, IGT Decl. ex. 1001 ( DDána 38.6 ). ní a leith a chémend do-chúaidh / an Múaid ag breith lémend lúidh was not content to proceed at its normal pace(?), IGT ex. 1256 .

fo-ceird (cuirid) i leith assigns to, ascribes to: curther a n-ugturas hi lleith Duid a oenur, Hib. Min. 128 (of Psalms). is e Ferceirtni cuires in irad so i ll.¤ na n-ugdar ┐ ite na hugdar (sic) i cuirter l.¤ , BB 299b36 - 7 . ferta . . . meic Dé do chur i lleth Belzebúb to give B. the credit for, PH 6436 . is e fath ara cuirther primhdhacht i lleith na tri mberla sin `superiority is claimed on behalf of', Auraic. 162. Cf. ilmuine mic Dé nacha cuiridhsi i far leth feisin `which claim not ye for yourselves', Laws i 22.22 Comm . Also charges with, lays to the account of, attributes to: is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni, Alex. 946 . Críoch Chonnacht a ndúthchas féin/ na leith ní cuirthe mar chéim `is not to be brought as a charge against them', Content. vi 91 . ar n-éara 'n-a leith na léigidh `let not my rejection ever be brought (as a proof of carelessness) against Thy work', Aithd. D. 77.17 . cuir 'n-a leith do chosg do chean / an rosg do bheith ag briseadh, DDána 27.4 . dá gcuirthear uabhar i leith fir aca, TSh. 9368. Cf. ar an máthair atá id leith `thy supposed mother', Keat. ii 6353.

In phrases with other trans. verbs in sense of committing, entrusting to: nít erpi i lled nach áili `with any one else', Wb. 1d10 . lecam ar ráma úan isa muir ┐ foncerddam i ll.¤ ar Tigernai `let us cast ourselves upon our Lord', Ériu xi 137.8 . cuir hobair a leith an Tighearna `commit thy works unto', Proverbs xvi 3 . lecsiu immurgo i ldeth nDe mess for a menmain-som `leave it . . . to God', Mon. Tall. 148.11 . do ré[i]r is ad l.¤ legmuid, Ériu iv 224 § 48 . caingne in tsenaidh . . . do lecon i lleith na ndea `to trust to the gods', CCath. 4549. ar ndíon 'n-a leith ná leigeadh (of Christ's wounds), DDána 48.8 . cipe leces a furtacht ┐ a cobhair i lleith in Coimdedh, ZCP iv 390.13 .

With vb. to be expressed or understood relying on, engaged in etc.: arn-iumramh a leith Dé under God's protection, KMMisc. 322 § 5 . bím i leith guidhe do ghrás `I trust in imploring Thy grace', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 1 . bíom 'na leith i ló an bhrátha / dom dhíon ar eagla an ursgátha, DDána 12.14 . i leith fhaghla ós eadh atá bent on(?), 106.4 . láeich a leith a farchadh `handling their mauls', Studies 1920, 417.20 . Here also perh. gé tú inníu i lleith eiseine (? leg. eisléine), Anecd. ii 22 § 9. Cf. i lleith leinne, LL 18172.

On the side of, along with, in support of: hóre attá innar leid cia conicc ní dúun gl. pro nobis, Wb. 4b11 . robu ferr leu buith hi leith Duaid on David's side (in battle), Ml. 87c4 . robbet inna lobrān leith / ria ndul i ṅgnūis spirta nóib `may they be on the side of her weaklings', Thes. ii 348.5 ( Hy. v 90 ). bīd 'na leith used to be with him, ACL iii 307 § 27 . ? uair is ina leath itá (`since it concerns them(?)'), Leb. Cert.² 260 . ar tí airm do chur ar a chois arís a leith an rí in support of, Rel. Celt. ii 202.29 . sé 'n-a leath acht go léigdís had they allowed Him to help them (the two thieves), Dán Dé xx 25 . Perh. also: fágthar misi a leath a bhfuil sa bhfaithedh let me be left to take charge of all [the foes] who are on the field, 23 I 1, 66.18 . an banntigerna bís orra . . . a l.¤ a lámh bítt na mná so [do]gres `are always obedient to her', Maund. 135.

With respect to, concerning, in the case of: dogniat . . . guchoibsenae do thuildiud indaldeth fadesin do tormuch pende foraib `make false confessions about themselves', Mon. Tall. 153.1 . a cion i leith an leanaibh her crime as regards the child, A. Ó Dálaigh li 21 . cenn Muman i lleith o clercibh `as regards its clerics', CS 1008. Perh. also: mar dhaingean i leith a láimhe `to strengthen his hand', PBocht 1.41 . tlás a l.¤ lamh, Irish Texts ii 31 § 3 . a leth laithe `according to the day', Leb. Gab.(i) 240.y .

Various: in mil . . . do rinne in foguil; is a dul ina leth `it (the beast on which the lot falls) goes for its crime', Laws ii 6.30 Comm . in gell do tuitim i lleth in ti tucustur he `the hostage surety falls upon the person', 136.21 Comm . i leith fheirge is eadh a-tá / nach deirge an cneadh an chéad-lá `owing to his wrath', Dán Dé xxviii 7 . a dtéid duid do na deich genoibh / tuig soin san leith ina libh `think of thy share in the ten nuts only in the aspect in which it is thine', PBocht 7.27 .

(i) In phr. i le(i)th fri, in O. Ir. glosses a ll.¤ fri, where a is a s. neut. of article, cf. later l.¤ re without prep. (below).

In the direction of, towards : a nem hitat aingil i n-uachtar ┐ firmimint a ll.¤ frinnai ille `on the side towards us', Ml. 42b10 . i lleth friusom opposite them, LU 1987 ( FA 5 ). i leith risin muir moir, CCath. 1942 . ni dechaid A. isna crichaib borétaib i ll.¤ fri téchtmuir, Alex. 437 . i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda with, BCrólige 57 gl. 7 . Cf. cidh il-leth in tigi fris even in the other side of the house, Lism. L. 1483. Similarly l.¤ fri: isin rann tuaidh do na Deisibh l.¤ le hEoghanact, ITS xvi 56.4 . leath re Hierusalem towards J., Isaiah vii 1 . Of time: hi l.¤ fri aidchi towards nightfall, RC xxii 394.8 .

More freq. as regards, with respect to, in the matter of, touching : a lled fri Abracham `as regards A.', Wb. 2c3 . a lled friss fadesin, 6c18 . a lled fri spirut gl. spiritaliter examinatur, 8b16 . a lleth frissan ingraim gl. quantum ad praesentem causam pertinet, Études Celt. xl 59 ( Ml. 30b2 ). cidh is fis, ┐ cidh is anfis . . . a leith reisin comairce?, Laws iv 228.15 . i ll.¤ fri do[i]nib . . . i ll.¤ fri Dia, Rawl. 75a47 . i leith re claidem when it comes to a sword, SG 248.17 . ro taiselbad he i leith risin fer `it was ascribed to', Laws i 34.10 Comm . is uasal i lleith re tabuirt `when considered as a gift', v 214.17 Comm . cinntech i l.¤ fri Dia, PH 6218 . i lleith ra hiris Críst, Anecd. iii 64.22 . ní measa fian Chaisil Chuirc / i leith re déanamh gach uilc, Content. ii 3 . ar gheallsad sliocht Éibhir Ḟinn / do chomhaillsead i leith rinn `in our regard,' vi 101 . a leith re hóglách m'aosú for a youth of my age, BS 44.8 . ba mór an techt (écht) hisin i l.¤ re mac taoísigh, AFM iii 648.14 . In BCC and Beatha S.F. often l.¤ re without prec. prep.: leith riu as regards them, BCC 18.13 (§ 33) . l.¤ re Día, 90.4 (§ 94) . leith re haibíd, Beatha S. F. 1397 . leith re sbioraid, 683 . In some contexts with more specific meaning of because of, by reason of, by, through : is ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam i ll.¤ frit-sa `owing to thee', MacCongl. 57.7 . a leith ré huathbhás with awe, Ó Héodhusa 66.z . l.¤ re do glicus fein `according to', Celtica ii 62.22 . do leag Dia a lámh air leith re heasláinte righinn do chur ar a chorp. Beatha S. F. 154 . In follg. perh. against : i dteach nDé do ria an ríoghan / Dia lé i leath ris an saoghal, DDána 99.38 (`against the world', Ir. Monthly 1919, 227 ). guais a lonn-ḟuighle i leith ribh, Content. vii 8. But: tiucfaid Laighin a leith ribh / beith at aighidh ni heidir on your side, Irish Texts ii 98 § 15 . Other exx. with follg. FRI: leath re Fodla fuil Uidhir / Fodla ni fuil 'na aghaidh `auf Fodlas Seite ist Odars Blut', ZCP ii 331.29 . gan neach d'Eirinn 'na aghuidh / is l.¤ re Heirind Ulaigh `sind auf Erins Seite die Ulaten', 332.1 . si-se leath re Lámhach, DDána 98.38 . ní bhiadh . . . / leath ag Dia ris na daoinibh `God would not have come among men', Aithd. D. 98.5 . For Mod. Ir. maidir le, mar le (mad i l.¤ fri) see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 14.

(j) In phrases replacing earlier ille, immalle: o sin i leith, Anecd. ii 3.8 (= i lle, Airne F. 77 ). ón ló sin i lleath, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1180 . o shin a leath, Smaointe B. Chr. 169. a hAlbain a leith, AFM iii 366.z . Cf. toit cuccum-sa i lletsa `on this side', CCath. 2982 . `rosc' tuigsin gach neich ma le, Metr. Gl. 11 § 10 (maleith, LL).

B In meaning half .

I

(a) a half, the half (of): ni roisset á l.¤-adi gl. mediam aetatem, Ml. 74a11 . ni arindí bed l.¤ ṅgotho no bed indib (ref. to semiuocales), Sg. 5a4 . a ll.¤ o laim deiss gl. dexteram . . . partem, 17b2 . dephtoros dodichsed inna leith chomsuidigthi `would enter as half of the compound', 18a4 . l.¤ ind orpi-so `half of this heritage', Thes. ii 239.16 ( Ardm. 17b ). a lleith n-aill, AU 747 . a leath na cille, 836 . isindara l.¤ in lestair ┐ in l.¤ n-aill dō-sum, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.6) . o leuth lathi, SR 8041 . l.¤ fer nAlban, Anecd. i 1.2 ( SCano 3 ). l.¤ nó trían do chruth, TBFr. 224 . l.¤ na haidche, Fing. R. 791. i leith laoi at midday, DDána 42.3 . l.¤ ruith ┐ l.¤ gabra `riders in chariots and riders on horses' (notes), BDD² 460 . ní rabi la Ultu láth gaile rosassad l.¤ méite fair, LU 9184 ( FB 91 ). co n-acca ara chind in fer ┐ l.¤ a chind fair ┐ l.¤ fir aile fora muin, LU 4933 ( TBC-I¹ 448 ). dagénsa dá leth de (a warrior), LU 5306 ( TBC-I¹ 829 ). leca lógmara . . . ┐ a llethe úachtarcha ina lócharnaib, LU 2055 ( FA 13 ). trían nó l.¤ a ḟeraind, Imr. Brain 46.13 . mo trín is luga lethi, LL 11031 ( TBC-LL¹ 4198 ). mo trian is luga lethe, TBC St. 3501 . secib ni foghailther a ndiph randaip raiter in dara rand co rab l.¤ cin cob cudruma, Auraic. 2925 . comortus andso se fer 'na leit[h] secha so híos `in the half below' (scribal note), TTebe xvii 26 . ro-scoilt bend-chapur in tempuil in ṅdíb lethib, PH 2896 . i ngach leith don ló `every hour of the day' ( Ir. Monthly 1927, 551 ), DDána 106.4 . gé atá a leath do Cinedh Conuill although half of it belongs to, Irish Texts ii 42 § 16 . do gheibhinn-si . . . / . . . / t'uille ┐ leath do leabtha, TD 14.17 . ní as lía iná l.¤ na nguth (of votes), RSClára 98a . gur thuit in cath-milid C. ina lethib leadairthi, MR 270.16 . do gerr conuige a l.¤ é `clave him to his middle', Fier. 225 . úachtarán leithe Ierusalem, Nehemiah iii 9. ? am luidset co leth lenna, feimidset imram nach leth `when they had got half way across', Dinds. 5.

(b) In legal contexts: lóg leith ungæ di muccib `half an ounce in pigs', Thes. ii 239.19 (Ardm.). trichait l.¤ n-unga n-argait, SR 3152 . na coic leithe unga, RC x 94.2 . l.¤ .uii. cumal a smacht cana, Ir. Recht 37.16 . coraigecht aenmna re bliadain dam . . . ┐ l.¤ feissi dogrés `half-conjugal society', Acall. 4955 (SG). trian n-urgnama, a l.¤ do mnai do gni half of it (milk) to the woman who does the work, Laws ii 364.23 . l.¤ do fir fodngaib, l.¤ n-aill do faithchi hi fogabar, iv 184.18 (of swarming bees). l.¤ méich tharai a half measure of kiln-dried wheat, Críth G. 111 . l.¤ n-arathair a half share in a plough, 158 . díre a béla colpda(i)ch; a l.¤ dia ḟidbu, etc., 247 . secht fuile cena dia mbeir liaig l.¤ half-fee, Laws v 362.15 . let leithi in trin one-half of one-half, ii 366.2 Comm .

(c) Of territorial divisions: cu ru raind Hérinn dar dó ┐ co tuc in l.¤ ro boí sís d'Hérind do Thúaith Dé Danann et in l.¤ aile do Maccaib Míled, MU² 5 , 6 . leath / indsi móiri Mac Mílead, Leb. Cert.² 263 . rannfa meise . . . / i ndíbh leithibh críoch fhuar Éireann, DDána 111.8 . Domnall mac dā leithi (.i. al-l.¤ tes ┐ tūaid dind Érinn), ZCP xii 236 § 56 , cf. in fíal Fer dá lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 . On the traditional division of Ireland into L. Cuinn and L. Moga see O'Rahilly, EIHM 191 - 2 . Lex aui Suanaich for Leith Cuinn, AU 748 . ruc leth na muici cona druim ó Leith Cuinn, Sc.M² 18 R . Mug Nuadat a quo leth Moga N., Rawl. 147b19 . tairct[h]er leth Érenn uait-si do C[h]onn, ML² 904. Note further: roiniudh for Gallu Locha Cuan re Leith Cathail, AU 943 . leath Branuigh `O' Byrne's half', LBranach 67 . G. . . . ri lethi iarthuraigi Ceneoil Aeda, Ann. Conn. 1224.6 . dala immorro na lethe thess do Chonnachtaib, 1225.14 .

(d) In phr. l.¤ catha, l.¤ gliad (fitting) opponent in battle, adversary: l.¤ catha, TBC-I¹ 3289 (of Celtchar) = TBC-LL¹ 5394. bud leór l.¤ catha do ḟeraib hÉrend siat ac cosnam a tigerna, 5708 . l.¤ gliad, TBC-I¹ 3252 (Rochaid) = TBC-LL¹ 5315. Hence without accompanying gen: is suaill nach leath doib Domnall all but a match for them, Prolegomena 44 § 18 . do budh leath dáibh uile í `she would equal them all', PBocht 9.17 . cath do thabhairt dóibh, gion go bhfuilmíd leath nó trian riú, CRR² 26.

(e) Attrib. g s.: eisinnraic leithi `half unworthy', Laws i 116.3 Comm . a gilla glomhuir amuil a amhus lethe (some kind of a servant), ii 26.5 Comm . roinn leithe ar anbhuain Eirenn a bisection, O'Gr. Cat. 464.12 . do gheall tú roinn leatha dhamh ann do thír, Dhá Sgéal Art. 800.

(f) In vaguer sense part, division : cechtar in da leithe sin `each of those two parts', gl. in duas partes diuidere (of the word uires), Sg. 25b6 . is Persa bar leath share(?), Alex. 191. in leath budh mō da rīge, Ériu iv 178 § 32.

In phrases.

II

(a) In phr. co le(i)th and a half : noichtiche co lleuth 29½ days, BCr. 3c ( Thes. ii 10.5 ). sith mbliadhna co l.¤ , AU 1128 (ii 120.12) . fri ré bliadna co lleith, LU 1279 (H). dí ungi co leith, RC x 62.1 . tri huairi dec co ll.¤ , MacCarthy 46.3 . bliadhain go leith, TD 32.40 . míle go leith, Keat. Poems 1345. Meaning doubtful in: dia tí íasc i n-inbera rot bía hé[u] co lleith araile. Dia tí iall a mmag rot bía caúth co lleith araile, LU 5646 ( TBC-I¹ 1168 ) = co leth arale . . . colleith arailiu, ZCP ix 148 - 9 = dia foígela énflaith . . .co lleith alailiu . . . Día tomna . . . iasc . . . co leith arailiu, LU 5526 = co leith allaile . . . co lleth arailiu, TBC-I¹ 1043 = colleith alailiu . . . colleth alailiu, ZCP ix 145.38 . See TBC-LL¹ 1830 ff ., where Windisch's literal translation (see n. 0 ) with the other half (which makes up the pair) does not seem possible; araile, -iu, etc. may have belonged originally to the beginning of the next sentence (see Fasc. A 119.11 ff ), and hé[u] co l.¤ may be a hyperbole.

(b) In phr. for (ar) le(i)th: fer for l.¤ Connacht `more than half the Connaughtmen', Cóir Anm. 251 . gur cosain . . . treab ar l.¤ Alpan dó, IT, ii2 123.32 . ceall ar l.¤ ceall `one more than half of the churches', RC xiv 30 § 8 . duine ar leith fer nErenn, SG 20.36 . triar for leith a sluag foracbaiset half their army plus three, RC vi 188.13 .

Compds.

In meaning A.

(a) Perh. in sense of -sided in: lethchil .i. lethchlāen, Corm. Y 318 . gruaidh leathchorcra ar lí na subh, L. Cl. A. B. 193.90 . drech lethderg lethgabur (description of Conall Cernach), LU 8636 ( FB 47 ). do Meidbh Lethdeirg, ZCP xi 42 § 28 . do thaeb lethḟas bare, Mart. Tall. 112.1 . druim na leirge leathfholamh, Aithd. D. 20.26 . it é lethgabra amal Conall Cernach, BDD² 1150 , taken in BDD and by Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 as subst. ` centaur ', cf. lethghabar .i. lethech, H 3.18, 532.14 ; but cf. gabar .i. solus, Lec. Gl. 536 and see 2 gabor. as aigi-siomh fil in drec[h] lethgabar (of Genonn Gruadṡolus), TBC St. 4500. ag goradh a ghruaidh leithghil, L. Cl. A. B. 90.78 . Luoch Lethglass . . . lethglass e o talmain go mullach a cinn green-sided(?), RC xii 100 § 136. ? Dun da Lethglas, IT iii 40 § 34 (see Hog. Onom.). senchas lethmáel `pointless', Metr. Dinds. iv 24.24 . sluagh lethodar, Leb. Cert. 4.16 . ? bloscad inna gréne frisinna margánu lethrati, ZCP viii 175.24 . cuing leth-remor 'na leth-leirg `broad-flanked', Metr. Dinds. ii 46.10 .

(b) More partic. ¤ard etc. lit. (high) at one side, hence uneven, unequal: measam laidi (leg. lige) lethard lopsided, ZCP xvii 69 § 9 = ACL iii 230.155 . Usually in more abstr. sense unequal, unfair , etc.: claen cach lethard, O'Curry 351 ( H 3.18, 193b ). dire l., BCrólige 5 . tacra la leath-ard n-ae `to plead in support of an unequal cause', Laws v 252.11 . In Laws Comm. freq. lethairde: fo comairdi no fo leithairde `equally or unequally', iii 270.7 . comhroinnter eturru fein fo lethairde unequally, iv 254.11 Comm . ba lethard cundartha / ba tomus lettromm `an unequal contract, uneven measure', MacCongl. 73.29 - 30 . cid lethard a ngrād, BColm. 34.1 . im lethard rainne unfair division(?), ZCP xii 365.2 . ba lethfota a lám one of his arms was longer than the other, iii 218 § 24 . adhaigh is lá go leathfhada `of unequal length', Aithd. D. 61.20 . nī bu leithísel in mám down at one side, Hy. v 56. Hence with certain adjj. of defective rhymes: coic fodhla arē ccuibdes oll: / leathfoda, leathtend, leathtrom, / bruilingicht, nī bec in col, / let[h]garbh gin a lesugud, ZCP xii 295 § 6. See lettrom etc.

(c) Hence with nouns meaning judgement, opinion, contract etc. onesided, partial, prejudiced: ar n-aonbhrath breithimh-ne san Luan ní bu leathaighne partial advocate, Aithd. D. 55.7 . leathbháidh fil agat re hÓ F., Maguires of F. 18 . can lethbreath iter saidbir ┐ daidbir impartial, YBL 167b39 . ar in lethbreth ruc A. imon ubull orda, Aen. 211 . leith-bhreath le báidh ní bhéara Ó Fearadhaigh, DDána 109.20 . leithbr[ia]thar accusation(?), Acall. 7995. masa lethbrostu . . . no masa combrostu setting-on on one side (of dogs fighting), Laws iii 196.1 Comm . cia lethcoimpert i n-airbert breithe (improper behaviour in a judge), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ) = O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20 ), see ZCP xv 355 . arin lethcumaid dorōine sé ara brōgaib fēin sech brōgaib na manach the partial treatment he gave to his own shoes, ZCP iii 33.6 . lethchuma ar Ghilla Dé / ní cuibe do'n té dogní `an injustice to G.D.', SG 284.5 . do leath-chumaidh ar an gcuid oile don mheithil unfairly, TSh. 10134 . lethedargaire, MR 262.23 . is fer lethetrana do chuaid etarru biassed mediator, Laws iii 196.11 Comm . in t-ochtmad aithne:— na dena leth-fhiadnaise false witness, PH 7619. leath-ghrádh oide idir dhaltaibh favouritism, Content. xiv 13 . Cf. (adj.) dá gcor i sochar leith-leasach dhóibh féin to their own advantage, TSh. 7103. ? freagra do lethluith, O'Dav. 1510 . bíd in éudach coitchenn gan lethpháirt ar bioth `partiality' (i.e. particularity), RSClára 73b . Cf. leathrannach partial, unfair, Eochairsg. 11.31 . partial (poetic) knowledge : nemṡós, lethṡós, lánṡós 'no knowledge, partial knowledge, full knowledge' Ériu xxxii 62 § 1 . ro gníd lethinacht (= lethṡmacht) mór fair injustice, LL 217a33 ( TTr. 22 ). Cf. doghnid Ioip lethsmacht aturu, D IV 2, 26rb48 = BB 4a21 = 411b26 . ni dhearnaidh leathtrom na leathsmacht, 23 E 26, 289.11 . Hence: mad fleteg ledmagtach dogneid dind æclis, Wb. 11d16 (`factions', Gwynn, Hermathena xx 63 ). aighi (aigne ?) lethsmachtach partial advocate(?), ZCP xii 364.27 . brethem beris breith for leth tagra cin imaidbi without hearing both sides(?), Laws v 354.1 . See leithscél, etc. With similar shade of meaning in adjj.: ro bátar leithriata uile fri Poimp ar tus [cein] co táinic Césair `on the side of P.', CCath. 1244 (leitreta, v.l.) is mor is lethreta in cined doenna frisiṅ dualaig-sin in ecnaig inclined to, PH 6876.

(d) Pleonastically with words meaning side, edge, border. The following examples properly belong to sense B and should be considered under (f) Ériu liii 179-80 : dar let[h]bord in longpuirt `edge', CCath. 5431 . lámh le leathbhord along the frontier, DDána 96.13 . i leithimeal Mhuidhe Dermuidhe, Flower Cat. 471.32 . fa leithimel Conmaicne, AFM vi 1882.4 . medhōn idir dhā leithimell do chonngbhāil between two extremes, Celtica i 194.1078 . Cf. frém lethimeallach an láidaigáin `the exterior radix of the little finger', O'Gr. Cat. 287.31 . nirbo fota ro bai an cath can dul do lethleth `inclining to one of the two sides', CCath. 5742 . do leith-leith na sligedh `on each side of the road', Fl. Earls 162.4 . leithreadh .i. leithleith. robdar leithreadha .i. dochuadar do leithleith, no dén táobh, O'Cl. `leath-luighe leaning', Eg. Gl. 421. See lettáeb, etc.

In meaning B.

(a) In a variety of compds. in meaning half: fer lethbali, MU² 195 (`half-township', Gloss.). bith for lethbargin `a half-ration of bread', Ériu vii 162.z . ? midben .i. lethben nó lethuagh fobīth in toraind bis iter indalæ ben de, O'Mulc. 823 . samaisc i llethbeirt half a bundle, Críth G. 213. ailid cach ben . . . lethbiathad a ceile di `half the refection', BCrólige 56 . ? for lethblai baíth, LL 211a7 (see Metr. Dinds. ii 20.48 ). leth-chanóin `demi-cannon', AFM v 1732.13 . lethcoir n-urnadma `das halbe Ordnungsmässige der Antrauung', Ir. Recht 37.20 . mad lechur (= leth-chur) .i. forgiallnai, O'Curry 829 ( H 3.18, 380 ). fosuididter in ben lethdam in fir half the husband's retinue, Laws ii 386.6 . lethdei = semidei, Auraic. 2920 . lethdrécht . . . i ngort `a half-day's labour', Críth G. 84 (see note). a ndo[ro]chair . . . de lethdoinib . . . dineoch nad roacht cridiu cathae shirkers(?), RC xii 104 § 148 . Cf. co torchair fer ┐ lethfer fer nÉrenn leis, Comp. CC 109.18 , perh. a mere turn of phrase, cf. ech ┐ letheach fer nÉrenn, 11 . lethfeidm laech `half effort', Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 7 . aire forgill in lethḟira `des Halb Schwurs', Cóic Con. 38 § 52 . do leith fitt `half-ration', Mon. Tall. 156.20 . lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe, Laws iv 350.12 . Christo tantum seruit .i. cen ledfognam coiugio without partial service coniugio , Wb. 10a24 . ? dlighidh saerbiathad deisi, ┐ boin lethgabala `a cow of the second quality', Laws iv 350.y . geni gaba acht lethgabail de, 212.z . aithgin cona lethgabail diabulta `with double half-seizure', v 168.4 Comm . a lethgabol (-ál ?) étaig do brutt `half of clothes for mantle', Ériu i 220 § 14 . ¤gáe half-length spear, short spear(?) (possibly one of a pair of spears) : i suainem in let[h]ga letartaigh, CCath. 5598 . lethgai londrecha lasamna, TTebe 1400 . do lethgāethib lethna lict[h]i `half-spears for throwing', Fianaig. 90.1 . an tres fross do lethghaibh, TFrag. 182.6 . ¤Gall Of people of the Hebrides ( Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 14 ): uainn do Lethghallaibh léig[idh], Celtica x 196 § 11 . abbas Leithglinne, AU 639 . in Leth-innsi, 1412 (iii 64.2) . leathloghadh (opp. to lánloghadh) `partial indulgence', Mac Aingil 6421 . ? fri tōeb in lāir leithlessi (-lisse, v.l.) `half-ruined fort', Ériu vii 2.17 . nocht-aile isin lethmachaire `half (cleared) plain', O'Dav. 963 , cf. Laws iv 72.18 Comm ; 'pastureland occasionally tilled (?)' Landscape Archaeology in Ireland 248 . leathnomen = lesainm, ZCP iii 226.13 , cf. leth-ainm fir annatha, Anecd. ii 52.6 . lethol n-ais ó cach airig, Irish Texts i 19 § 5 . fuillem cacha leth-oile, Laws v 414.1 . cét lóeg ┐ di lethorc half-grown pigs (?), LU 6930 ( BDD 54 ). for hErainn cen lethrainn undivided, SR 2351 (cf. Wortk. vi 949 ). Bicair Leth-ratha, AU 1490 (iii 346.4) . cosc sair ┐ dair ┐ lethair 'half-noble' = lethṡáer, Celtica xxiv 38 . a laim leathaer sealba, CIH i 210.25 . .i. i lethsuir na selba, 211.1 . Cf. CIH v 1861.16, 18 , vi 2020.18, 19 . tri gnuidh do lea[th]scoilteach `half-cleavings', IT iii 196.6 . ic leithṡeolad ┐ ic lánṡeolad ri lethgaethaib with shortened sail (?), LL 236a33 - 4 ( TTr. 1431 ). leith slighidh half way, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 30.24 . emisperium .i. letspeir, Ir. Astr. Tr. 88.12 . ni tairgend a hathair lethtinol le, Ir. Recht 37.22 . cutrumu leth-tochusa in fir gusa teit `half the property,' Laws v 290.6 Comm . ní fhuaras . . . / leath-tail óm chéill chorpardha `I have not found even grudging obedience', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 11 . letorud . . . asin chulid half-produce, Lism. L. 321.16 . ? tech . . . amal bid lethuaim aicenta, ZCP xvii 232.4 .

(b) With names of measures, numbers, periods of time, etc.: leathbhannlá, Párl. na mB. 558 . hi cciunn lethbliadna, RC xxvi 366.18 . tri lethcheat do feraibh Airghiall, 150 men, ZCP xiv 234.12 . fiche bairghen . . . san leithcheathramhain, L. Cl. A. B. 46.15 . adopart teora lethindli trea thír Patricio, Thes. ii 239.6 ( Ardm. 17b ). cetra lá ┐ leith-seachtmuin, Acall. 775 . tigerna na Le[th]-Trian, AU 1538 (iii 620.10) . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 ( Thes. ii 14 ). fri re leth-uaire, PH 2475.

(c) With names of units of value: ledhcethramuine mir a cuidach do chuit S., Trans. RIA xv 19.23 . secht leth-cumala, O'Dav. 746 . leth-cumal i mmuin in tanaise, Laws v 400.x . leithdhéighe ar dhuine ealadhan dá ngealltar eich ┐ ba dhó, L. Cl. A. B. 45.9 . bo ag leth-loige, Laws v 402.z . ledhmharg, Trans. RIA xv 29.4 . lethmiach, O'Curry 1557 ( BB 185bb ). lethpinginn ar lacht caerach, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191 ). fere obillo dignus .i. ní ferr lethscripul, Sg. 49b10 . screpall cach eledna, no leth-screpall cach nem-eledna, Laws v 334.24 Comm . is let[h]sét inna lóg-side, Ériu xvii 70 § 10. na .v. lethuinge, BCrólige 20 gl. 5 . dorat side .xxx. leth-unga n-argaid da cind, BB 237b22 .

(d) With names of fines, penalties, fees etc.: lethaithgein moíne móges, Críth G. 273 . leth-fir testa leth-arra `half the proof of witness or half-security', Laws ii 92.8 Comm . dligid Ū Gusān cáin a deorad ┐ lethc[h]āin urrad ó ríg Midhi, BColm. 64.25 . a lethdilsi ar .iii. biaduibh co leth mbidh `half forfeiture', Laws ii 264.21 - 22 Comm . lethdire cro otrusa, BCrólige 6 . leithdíri da blāi-neimthib, Cáin Ad. 36 . letheiric otrusa cro gac fir di[a] mnai `half the penalty', BCrólige 6 gl. 4 . laneneclann don mac ina athair, letheneclann do ina senathair, Ir. Recht 40.22 . mād étged nō anfes, lethfīach ind, Cáin Ad. 35 . ioctar lethfiach anfocail ria, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4a ). im aradain ┐ im lethfrichnam na trebaire `half the service of the husbandry', Laws ii 392.12 Comm . leth-fuillem gill cauich (= cuaich) cach rig do chuuch cach airech, v 412.11 . lan gille ┐ lethgille, i 260.19 . na dlegat lethiarra doib `are not entitled to half fosterage-fee', 198.2 . bedidh leth lan (lethlán ?) ngell do tuit for cach, ii 136.17 . lethlóg [n-]enech cach gráid túaithe, Críth G. 217 . direanur lethriaruib beusuib cétgiallna, O'D. 510 ( H 3.17, 415 ). do-beir lethsmacht ina sarugud, Ir. Recht 37.21 .

(e) With names of phonetic and metrical features: leath-aimser for taebomnaib half-length, Auraic. 1211 . áram f la lethguthaigthi `semivowels', Sg. 6a10 . in[n]a lethguta cetus .i. f, l, m, n, r, s, x, Auraic. 2904 . leathgutta ┐ mudi, 344 . it cosmaili a ndī lethc[h]omarc half-quatrains, Corm. Y 574 , cf. O'Mulc. 391 . cati a lethc[h]omarc ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.9) . lethcuibdius `an internal half-rhyme', Auraic. 3839 . dechnad mór ┐ lethdechnad (a metre), IT iii 6 § 5. lethmíbasc name of a metre, 49 § 89 . ni chuille luthbas lethnath (kind of poem ?), Ériu xiii 18.18 ( O'Dav. 1164 ). in lethrand hīsiu dano .i. imommloiscet mo dā n-ō prūll— caiti a lethrann ? what is its corresponding couplet ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.20) . ina lethrann tuíseach, IT iii 7 n.3 , see p. 128 . gēb-sa lethrand dús in ba cubaid frissa ṅgēba-som, Fing. R. 119. With rannaigecht of metres with shortened line: leth-randaigecht mor corranach, IT iii 82 § 63 . cumasc leth-randaigechta moiri ┐ rindairde, § 64.

(f) With names of things existing or thought of in pairs. See also examples listed above in section (d). Of parts of the body: lethail (óil) gl. mala, Ir. Gl. 90 . i lleithóil a meic `one of her son's cheeks', Cáin Ad. 12 . flesc . . . . do erissem dia lethlaim furi ┐ lorc isind laim aili `so that their one hand may rest on it', Ml. 45c9 . a lethchoss geidh you one-legged goose (lit. one leg of a goose), IT iii 102 § 190 . for lethcois ┐ letsuil standing on one foot and with one eye closed, RC xii 98 § 129 . co tard a leathgúalainn fria hursaind in tigi, BDD² 542 . dligid in rí a leathgualainn 'the king is entitled to sit beside him', Leb. Cert.² 583 . fó a leth-oscail deis, ZCP v 526.24 . tuc buille ina lethchíg shoiscéla, SG 41.4 . mó ná both leptha a lethchlúas, Metr. Dinds. iv 138.74 . ma ro benad a lethchos, no a lethlam . . . do duine no lethbel, Laws iii 348.11 - 12 Comm . dlighid dno ri A. . . . leathlaimh rig Erend ig ol ┐ ac aenach to be beside, BB 274a4 . ┐ se baccach, leth-roisc, PH 620 . lethsciath `one of thy wings', RC xx 48.6 . ro-s-bensat a leth-shuil ṅdeiss asa chind, PH 553 . gallgha dan lán do leathdorn, DDána 84.45 . a leathára ┐ íth muice, L. Cl. A. B. 45.11 . leathuille dheas Í Dhomhnoill, TD 27.20 . ócc-laech leth-ruisc clí, BNnÉ 94.8 . stuadhus a lethghlún . . . ar bhéaluibh Ḟinn, CF 253 (Eg.) = a glun deas, text. In B. na f.: lethrend .i. lethchos: dā lú is lethrend dībh co losc, ZCP v 484 § 6. Of weapons: 'na leathgrúaidh, Duan. F. ii 224 § 7 . im chechtar a da lethdorn in chlaidib, LL 237b38 ( TTr. 1548 ). Fig. leathlámh, a Dhé, im dhál distress my portion, Aithd. D. 52.1 . ? tríocha laoch gan leathlámha, DDána 86.32 . In deriv. adjj.: misi . . . co leath-lámach, MR 308.7 . tri náimhde . . . lethṡúilecha one-eyed, Acall. 6248. Less exactly with names of other parts of the body: baluid dia lethagid in luirg, TBC-LL¹ 651 . imspelip dano .i. bīd folt cechtar na dā lethc[h]end on each side of the head, Corm. Y 1091 . bit lir . . . renda nime far leithchind ┐ far lethchloigind, BDD² 861 - 2 . lamha leoiti ┐ leithcind letarda, CCath. 3179 . dar leit[h]cenn Sleibi Ois, 4770 . tecmait da sleig inna dib leth-foltaib two tresses(?), LU 4359 . gidh a leathfolt gidh a lanfolt gatar du duine, O'D. 2334 ( Rawl. 506, 36 ). gur leadair in leath-ucht ┐ in leath-bhruinne, MR 300.1 . ro ber[r]tha a lethu[l]chi, SR 6720 (= rasit . . . dimidiam partem barbae, 2 Reg. x 4 ). conda tarla fora lethbeólu lopsided, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). Note also the adj. lethcholpthach of a defective cow injured in a leg, limping(?): mat leth-colpthach, O'Curry 250 ( H 3.18, 145a ). intan . . . ropo lethcolb in set, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191b ) = O'D. 662 ( H 3.17, 492a ). cid caoch cíd lethcolptach iat, O'D. 855 ( H 3.17, 609 ). cid lecholb, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16b ). cid lethcolpach iat, O'D. 1646 ( H 5.15, 20a ). Cf. intan roba chaech no crín no bacach in sét, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16 ).

With a large variety of other nouns in sense of one of two, one of a pair : ní thuc acht lethassa imme `one shoe', Fél. 12.28 . doníter long . . . do lethblaeisc na huidhi (leg. huighe) sin one half-shell, RC xxiv 377.5 . iall lethbraigi (= bróice), IT iii 81 § 59 . gabaid leithchenn na cloiche, Acall. 2176. genelach húa nEchach Coba ┐ is iat-side let[h]chenēl (lethcenelach, v.l.) Dāl nAraidi, Corp. Gen. 326 (162b13) . dobered-sum lethcluiche forra he would win his game from them, RC v 199.27 . lethcnaim a rig, Laws v 354.5 . led-chollbe flatho `one of the two pillars of the kingdom', Wb. 23d31 . lethcholbe flatho .i. Brigit, Thes. ii 326.3 ( Hy. iv 9 ). leathchonchlonn eile an Íobhail `the Jew's companion', Aithd. D. 94.3 . lethchosmailius lesom inso trisa cotarsnae one member of a comparison, Ml. 30d19 . 37d10 . ro gab a leth-chuarán de, Lib. Hymn. i 187.32 . dom leathchuing fhir ealadhna to my fellow-poet, DDána 76.21 , cf. Aithd. D. 13.22 . nochar leathchumthach leanna / A. `no solitary drinker of his feast', Aithd. D. 42.11 . dá leath-dhlaoi an dréimire the two uprights, TSh. 10832 . tainic ar inchaibh a lethemain `his twin brother', CCath. 2068 . lethén in eóin allmaraig the foreign bird's mate, GJ iv 42b22 . claideb lethḟáebair one-edged, TBC-LL¹ 1718 . aos lethḟaobhoir, ZCP x 285.6 . Cf. cletine .i. lethfaobrach, O'Dav. 568 . is lethgabail flatha fri hEoganacht they are entitled to kingship in turn, Irish Texts i 21 § 13 . leithgenelach D. pedigree on the other side, ZCP xiv 70.6 . is do leithgenelaig fer nGréc dóib, Dinds. 128 = do Greccaib a llethcinel, Bodl. Dinds. 14. fria lethéill a bróci do bein de, MacCongl. 47.9 . smacht lethime one side of a boundary-fence(?), Laws v 270.21 Comm .; y Comm . leathlámhann (sic leg.) one glove, Eochairsg. 64.29 . leathmharcach `fellow-horseman', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 406.8 . lethmuincille, RC xxvi 362.6 . a braithre . . . da mharbadh tre leathol fleghi having shared a feast, Caithr. CC 2 (leg. ḟleadhól? But cf. lethdeog fri caindli sorcha, Anecd. i 14.16 = SCano 480 ). Cf. (adj.) iairmeirgi ḟuar leathrannach `nocturns that equally divide (the night)', Acall. 2963 v.l. ( SG ii 178 ) = ZCP vi 271.10 . Indrechtach . . . lethríg Ulad `one of the two kings of U.', Ann. Inisf. 835 . drem na llethríg, Arch. Hib. ii 50 § 32 . leithrí-sede na Mirmidonda `one of the two kings', LL 240a35 ( TTr. 1741 ). i n-aghaidh an fhir do ríoghais / . . . / leithrí má do-ní do námha a rival king, Aithd. D. 31.18 . C. lethrí Ciarraighe do marbadh . . . do ríg na leithe aile do Ciarraigi, RC xvii 397.7 (Tig.). ro chosain Eocho lethrīgi nUlad īar sin fri Muridach, Aided Echach 202 §6 . i leithríge in tsída fri Fiachna sharing the kingdom, SG 57.25 . G. . . . leaththuiseach don cluichi `one of the two leaders', Ériu xii 142.26 . lethorsa gacha tigi oil door-post, Fen. 166.1 .

(g) With various adjj.: fōcra lethamnas, ACL iii 295 § 24. lethbaiti `half-drowned', Aen. 268 . co torchair sís lethbéo, Trip.² 1505 . na daoine leithbheó dying, TSh. 5698 . doroich . . . in ri cusind epscop ┐ se leth-brec half-speckled with fire, RC xxvi 366.18 . lethchaech gl. monoculosus, Ir. Gl. 624 . cailleach lethchāech, ZCP v 22 § 8 . da mbeth fír occa . . . dam[b]adh gó . . . dam[b]ad lethchintach, IT iii 191 § 20 . cith lethchomnart a n-ude half as strong, ZCP xiii 374.13 (= xx 221 ). lethchosgarthai gl. semirutas, Ml. 128b5 . With -chuind (g s. of cond sense) legal of persons non compos mentis: athgabail fir lethcuind, Laws i 200.29 . ainm do amadan . . . in fer lethcuinn, O'Dav. 485 . o murcuirthi leth-cuind, Laws v 82.12 Comm . Cf. co nderna lethincinn di ar mbrisiudh a leithchinn, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n.2 . in cetraime lethdedenach second last, IT iii 74 § 34. leithdeimhin `almost certain', Mac Aingil 2424 . re h-anaicentacht leis na lend-brat . . . leth-fada half-long, MR 180.13 . Treithne Leth[g]leór, LL 4917 . Eithne lethgleoir, Rawl. 134b12 . is hé lethgleóir leithinchind lamfota, TBC-LL¹ 5400 = TBC St. 4408. leithghléoir .i. leathshúil ghlóire. laoch leithghleoir, O'Cl. a siriti lethguill, LU 8879 ( FB 67 ). Sothṅge lethgot (n. pr. f.), Rawl. 134b19 . Leath-lobar mac Find, RC xvii 340.x (Tig.). ledmarb gl. emortuum, Wb. 2c26 . a brathair ledarthi leathmarb, TTebe 1013 . coin brena lethoma, LU 2200 ( FA 28 ). lethshathach gl. semisatur, Ir. Gl. 403 . fear uirísiol bean uasal . . . clann leathuasal tig uatha, Párl. na mB. 577 . anní do tindsgnadh atá sé leathullamh, Carswell 16.12 . This prob. also the sense in lethtenn, lethtrom and lethḟota of consonants in the poem in ZCP xii 295 ( daur, gort, bethe . . . / do leith for leith is leathtroum, § 2 ). ngetal, luiss, ruis cona rinn, | nin ┐ muin ... | ... | fedha lettenna, ZCP xii 295 § 3 . fern is coll is tinne tra | ... | donī in trīan sin ... | lethtenn lān is lāncuibdes, ZCP xii 295 § 4 . coic fodhla ar ēccuibdes oll: leathfoda, leathtend, lethtrom, ZCP xii 295 § 6 . With adv.: lesdruim .i. leas uait [┐ fris] cucut, no leatarsna darin druim bis aicmi muine, Auraic. 988 (i.e. the Ogam notches of the m-group transverse the ridge).

In legal contexts: a mic ro gialla, ni cuirthe curu leathfas, O'Curry 1751 ( 23 Q 6, 33b ). ni cuirther curu lethfasa, O'Curry 1064 ( H 3.18 , 440a ). medon-lax .i. leth-lax, O'Curry 114 ( H 3.18, 72 ). cia leth coimperta indarbthar breithemnas no airbert ae leth-balbh teanga ┐rl. .i. comaircim cia in lucht comairbertnaigther don dara leth um an ae um an caingin, O'Curry 1608 ( 23 Q 6, 5a ) `halb Stummzungige', ZCP xv 355. Similarly: cia leth coimpert inarbtha brethe no airbert ae .i. comaircim cia an lucht comairbertnaigter don dara leth uman ae uman caingin ┐ inarbtar o airbert fethamhnais ┐ brethemnais iad .i. lethbhalb tengaid ┐ lethloisc n-eoluis ┐ lethanbal n-ae, O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20a ), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ), O'D. 1657 ( H 5.15, 22 ), O'D. 1658 (ibid.). fer medongaite leth-indlidhach in ceile `half-unlawful', Laws v 218.17 Comm . O'Curry 2154 - 5 ( Eg. 88, 4a ), O'Curry 2156 ( Eg. 88, 4a ).

(h) Rarely with verbs (mainly for alliteration): cor ben a heochair dar suil Cormaic co ro lethchaech hé, Laws iii 84.1 (Introd. to Lebar Aicle). Ulaidh leis mar leathghabhaid when the Ulaidh take his side, Aithd. D. 20.20 . rí dá lógh do leathtolladh whose side was pierced, 60.2 . ro leithbrisedh ┐ ro lángabhadh an baile, AFM v 1658.20 .

In many nn. loc., both as subst. and as first element of compds. See Hog. Onom.

remcaisiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. remcaisiu or dil.ie/35004

 

Forms: remcaissen, remcissin

n, f. (vn. of rem-ad-ci-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 489 ): `looking before', foresight, providence : n s. remcaissiu Dae (= providentia), Ml. 122d7 ; 90c9 . remcisiu Dae, 50d1 . a s. ce[n] remcaisin Dé, 19c17 . d s. arind remcaisin diadi, gl. procurationi divinae, 50c22 . roscc ṅDé dom reimcise to look before me , Thes. ii 356.9 ( Hy. vii ). g s. remcaissen, gl. consulendi, Ml. 40b15 . 27d10 . inna remcaissin (leg. -en) gl. providentiae, 122d10 . remcissin, Enchir. Aug. 73b ( ZCP vii 481 ). pl. deich reimcisne brethe , H 3.18 p. 271 ( O'Curry 554 ) (one of the things which a judge must know). Cf. remḟaicsin.