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airthúasacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airthúasacht or dil.ie/2453

 

[ā, f.] vn. of ar-túaisi, act of keeping silent, usually in sense of remaining silent with regard to something, not demurring, not making a complaint, not obeying an order, etc. a n-erthuasacht gl. taceri, not to use them, to suppress them (of ambiguous forms), Sg. 138b8 . aurrtuasacht siu[i]l .i. firdacht ria in tan bis seoladh fuirre .i. gaende no caile, O'Curry 2309 ( Eg. 88 fo. 23b ). itā iubail inna urtuasacht .i. dechmad remaining silent about it (failure to make a complaint) has a term of ten days, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ? uirtuasacht .i. éistecht ut est airthuasacht cunnartha, H 3.18, 416 . is lugha ro lamhsat urtuasacht a breithre and less did they dare to disregard his word, CCath. 1788 v. l. (fuirech, text). ní lamhtha urthuasacht a bhreithre idir `durst not be disobeyed', AFM vi 2120.20 . With transference of meaning: is éigin aurthúasacht a brethi ind fir sin one has to abide by the decision of that man, BDD² 798 .

In Laws Comm. phr. i n-a.¤ in glosses on compds. of -túaisi: ben bís i nurtuasacht a slethe can a fograd who does not announce that she has been violated, v 274.9 (ar-a-tuaisi, text). contuaisi runata nad foeige .i. bidh a nurrthuasacht rúine in Athar neamhdha does not reveal (?), O'Curry 2529 ( Eg. 88, fo. 44(45) ). ? in fer bis a n-urrtuasacht an aimsire (sic) itir ar medon, O'Curry 1902 (23. P. 3, 23(21)b) (con-tuaisi) = 436 (H.3.18, 286a). bera gach nurcunn contuaisi i forngaire sochar no dochar etc. .i. brethemnaighsi for gach nuasal codnach bis [i] nurthuasacht, 2397 (Eg. 88, 31(32)b). co naisneis breithre de do cach inda tuaise, Laws iii 32.33 .i. co nuasal indisin breithre dé (.i. procept) don cach bis a nurtuassa[cht] ria, 34.8 Comm.

bráth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bráth or dil.ie/6579

 

Forms: brách, -áith, -átha, bratha

n u and o, m. See GOI 198. 1 - 3 . Wagner, Beiträge 294 n.13 , ZCP xxviii 238. Also brách. b.¤ m. g s. -áith, -átha, no pl. inflexion, IGT Decl. § 38.

Judgment, esp. the last Judgment, Doom, Doomsday: brath .i. combrec din donni is braut .i. judex. is la brethemain din a ænur in laethesin in brátha .i. Jesu Christi , Corm. 6. brāth a bratio, ar is ed būaid dēdenach bīas .i. lāithe mbrātha. Bratiium didiu mind doberar for cend mīled iar coscar: sic breth brātha iar forcinn gnīma cāich, O'Mulc. 123. bairesc .i. forcend mbrātha, 179 , cf. O'Dav. 308. lasnahí dofuircifea b.¤ i mbethu `the Judgment', Wb. 25b16 . isamlid dorriga dia do b.¤ `even so God will come to judgment', 28 . co iar mbrath `until after Doom', Ml. 128b1 . immi co tíssat do brāth (:cāch) that led by him (sc. Pátraic) they may come to Judgment, Thes. ii 316.4 (Hy. ii). donnesmart i mb.¤ a brithemnacht .i. arin brithemnas bratha, 322.9 , 28 (Hy. iii). dogoa bethaid no brath he chooses life or doom, LL 19069 ( Misc. Hib. 17 § 3 ). baramhail ar bh.¤ (of a futile attempt), ML 98.12 . sgela . . . an bhracha, KMMisc. 316.27 . smál borb an brátha, IGT Decl. ex. 993. ar cinn bráith (: -tráith), ex. 994 .

Legal: brath .i. bríad .i. fuigheall. ┐ fuigheall on mbreithir brath, O'Cl. b.¤ Cai Judgment of Cae (name of a mythical lawgiver, see Laws i 20 f. Introd. to Senchus Mór), a legal precept , O'Mulc. 125 cited infra; hence law inherent in such a precept, customary law ( Bürgschaft 75.16 ): ba Cai ba breithem laisin luingius uile (sc. luinges macc Míled). Inde dicitur Brethcath no brath Cai . . . brath amh inn cach brethi . . . amuil asberur brath . . . don brath deighinuigh beirius Dia for a duile, Laws i 22.4 - 7 Comm. bráthchæi .i. brethcheo ǽi. aliter quod est verius .i. Cǽi Cænbrethach . . . nach tan bíther can ríg isna tuathaib is bráthchǽi fogniad forru fri hurradus. dia mbe imorro rig is rechtge són amail as maith lais, Corm. 7. Cf. a mbreith Chæi Chaenbrethaig, 9 s. clithar sét. nach tan din mbithe cin rí is na hib (sic) tuathaib is brácai fogni eturra fria urradus dia mbe imorro, ri is rechtgi son amail is maith lais is aire din isberar Cae caoinbrethach de fo bith it bretha rachta no beri, O'Curry 2278 ( Eg. 88, 20bb ). brathcae .i. breth .i. aithgin ae .i. dire, 2757 (81a1), O'Dav. 244. brathchai .i. bretho Cai, ainm aicepta bēlri, O'Mulc. 125. amail isbeir a mBrathchae: anad cach athgabala, etc., Laws i 210.28 . it cetheora urrathas docuisin: urrathas bratha cai, ┐ urrathas cana, ┐ aurrathas cairdi, ┐ aurrathas fri neimtiu, 260.14 .i. a cin a brethemh[n]acht Cai Cainbrethaidh urris .i. is fair aratus a cin is in riaghuil, 274. 29 Comm. it cetheora arag fristobngiter na ceithri aurathais; aithgabail fri brat[h]a Cai, giall fri cain, aitire fri cairddi, gell fri neimthiu, 260.16 (see Bürgschaft loc. cit.). See Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 195 - 199 , ZCP xxxi 39 , Celtica x 51 .

In phrr. día (lá) brátha, see 3 día, : fri laa brátha gl. ad iudicium, Wb. 29a28 . cu llae .m.brátho, Thes. ii 239.14 (Ardm.). b.¤ bennachtan a sentence of blessing (precise application in TBC not clear): bia foind animsin co roseacha brāth bennacht ( bennachtan, LU 6100 ) fort, TBC-I¹ 1629 (Cú Ch. to the Morrígu). dombertsom brāth bennachtan furi, 1752 = b.¤ bennachtan, LU 6254. is é brath forgell (compound bráthḟ. ?) bennachtan Domnaill . . . ro briathraigestar as á bheol `it was in reality the influence of the blessing of . . . D.', etc. MR 298.8 .

In adverbial phr. co b.¤ , co dé mbrátha (see 3 día) till Doomsday, for ever; in neg. sentence never: cech nóeb bói, fil, bías / co b.¤ . . . `up to Doom', Fél. Ep. 290. méraid co dé ṁbratha (: rrátha), Prol. 174. adopart Áed aidacht . . . du P. cu bb.¤ , Thes. ii 242.19 (Ardm.). co brāch nō īar mbrāch, ZCP x 345.2 . ni ba fer dam-sa co brach thú, vi 34.6 . 'na ainbheas go b.¤ ná bíod let them never be ignorant of it, Dán Dé ix 21 . co dtī an brāth, ML² 163.

In wider sense doom, destruction: brath .i. milleadh, O'Cl. ō thuc b.¤ do Ch. `dealt doom to C.', Hail Brigit 5 . is bēimm do brāth (: āth) ma robīth destruction (Meyer), Bruchst. i 55 § 123 ; AFM ii 648.24 . co mbi brāth do thúathaib ┐ do ecailsib `ruin to peoples and churches', Ériu i 218 § 3. brāth for buidne (of a warrior), TBC-I¹ 353. b.¤ ┐ digal, LL 32665 ( TTr. 1873 ). fá díothúghadh deagh-dhaoine . . . an brath céad ┐ ceann ┐ colann `the loss in men', etc. ML 130.25 . daíg ni b.¤ dar brúach, LL 10333. an brath tar bruachaibh `the (man of) destruction over the border', CF 307.

Attrib. g s.: tene bratha `the fire of Doomsday', Mon. Tall. 129.37 . In vague general meaning great, terrible, awful: blascbeim brátha (in collision of fighting bulls), LL 12372. tonn bhrátha an talmhan ar troimnimh (of Vikings), SGS iv 66 § 28.

Compds. With nouns and verbal nouns: aga buaidred, ┐ aga bhrath-aimsiugad, MR 268.30 . brath-airlech na mbuiden, 238.9 . bráithbemenna mára deadly blows, LU 10459. bar a bráthbalcbemmennaib, LL 107846 (TBC). o brathbuilleadaib mora mileta `lethal blows', TTebe 2531 . noco cumgaid . . . a aisneis in brathlai bodba dorocair ar lar na Troi day of doom, BB 444b4 . in brathlecc bidbad, LL 8220 `the des- tructive stone of enemies' (sc. Fergus), TBC-LL² 657 . ro fotraicsidar . . . an mbrathluirg `the lethal club', TTebe 1003 . U. cona brathsluagaib `destructive horde', Caithr. Thoirdh. 45.17 . cona bhrathsocraite, 49.34 . leis an mbráith-theine with the fire of Doom, TSh. 4003.

With adjj. derived from nouns: beithir . . . braithbéimniuch, MR 278.25 . braithbheartach .i. mórbhuilleach, no móirbhriathrach, O'Cl. buarach brath-bodb[d]a `mighty', MR 296.10 . mac Aeda bratbuillig (sic) `warlike', 292.11 . a bráthbullig Midi (subst.), LU 8111 ( FB 8 ). buidni brathgonacha, ZCP xxx 114.31 .

imgabáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imgabáil or dil.ie/27572

 

n ā, f. (a d s. used for nom.) vn. of imm-imgaib.

(a) act of avoiding, evading; evasion, desertion: iomghabhail .i. seachna, O'Cl. ar is huisse a imgabáil, Wb. 9d6 . ised annert foirbthe imgabail cech huilc, Ml. 35d14 . do imgabail inna ndrochgnimae, 128d9 . cen imcabáil cacenfati `without shunning cacophony,' Sg. 203a8 . imgabail eṁiltusa avoidance of prolixity (one of the requirments of poetry), IT iii 29.22 . ní chumgat a n-imgabáil acht a fulang tria bithu sír, FA § 26. ní oca imgabail sin dano atúsa it is not shirking it I am, LU 9211 (FB). arna techtdais úadha ar teiched no ar imgabáil, TBC-LL¹ p. 381 n. 2 . nach for imgabail in cinaid do chuaid `it was not to avoid the liability,' Laws i 196.7 Comm. ata coemachtu imgabala ac bidbuid `the defendant has power of avoiding,' iii 240.13 Comm. in tan bis for imgabail dligid lanamnuis, v 184.19 Comm. is olc an creidem donīm ... imgabāil brethi Dé, CCellaig 415 . ro facsat caislen C.C. ... ba dimbaigh le Gallaib Erenn an imgabail sin (of the military evacuation of a position), RC xviii 287.y . robhíttiss ... for imgabāil ┐ for teithedh na n-anchrīstaigedh, Fl. Earls 208.12 . ar imgabail feisi le hAEnias `to avoid a marriage with A.', Aen. 1665. ger athlamh a n-iomghabhail rangadur x priomhghona xx ar corpuibh a cheile, ZCP x 287.17 . tug [aith]bém dhó ┐ ó nach cumang aige a iomghabhála dobhen an buille a mhullach, ITS v 140.17 . nach bhfuil san mbaile líon a imghabhála oram-sa there isn't a sufficient number to save him from me, Comp. CC 125.26 . robad olc an creideam dō imgabāil ar toicthib Dé to flee from the fortune (i.e. death) that God had decreed for him, CCellaig 407. nocha nfuil adhbhar iomghabhála againne air bhar macaomhaibh I have no reason for avoiding your warriors, ITS v 28.24 . do iarrais orm, a fholt lag | mo chrodh d'iomghabháil orad thou hast bidden me to get my cattle out of your way, TD 3 § 42.

1 inne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 inne or dil.ie/28806
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: t-inne, innedha, indida, innidhe, innighe, innedh, n-indid

n , f. (but : in t-inne , Ir. Gl. 1013 ). (< prep. i, Celtica xv 18 ) In Mid. and Mod. Ir. d- endings also occur : n p. innedha, CCath. 4142. indida, Rosa Angl. 324.15 . a p. a innidhe , Exodus xxix 17. a innighe , 2 Samuel xx 10. g p. a n-innedh , Aisl. Tond. 104.24 . na n-indid , Irish Texts iii 49.x . See IGT Decl. § 180. ? Orig. meaning the inmost part of anything, the middle, the essence, the content:

I Figurative sense.

(a) quality, real value ; manner, kind, nature: alind á óiph in forcitil nemnech immurgu a i.¤ poisonous its quality (of the doctrine of Pelagius), Wb. 7c1 . is fo dobertar inna anman fonna inni fordingrat `it is in accordance with that the names are given (namely) in accordance with the qualities that they signify,' Ml. 37a14 . is i.¤ so inna ermiten `such is the honour' gl. qualem, 67c7 . i.¤ olc `the evil quality' gl. qualitas, 71b4 . eregem ind inni se `such a complaint,' 90c8 . torand folaid ┐ i.¤ `a signification of substance and quality,' Sg. 26b12 . i.¤ ind ḟebtad ł ind ḟolaid, 28a1 . do lanad ┐ ḟoilsiguth i.¤ indib gl. ad mani-festandam eorrum qualitatem, 28b18 . quantus .i. is heidméit ... qualis inna i.¤ so `qualis of this quality,' 30a14 . ní ed a mét foilsigther ind i.¤ robói hi pyrr not only is the quality which was in Pyrrhus demonstrated, 211a10 . Garb Glinni olc a ḟuáth is a inni, RC xiv 422.1 . in long d'ór is án i.¤ whose quality is splendid ?, LL 307b41 . meid ┐ inni ┐ inchosc `quantity, quality, and meaning,' Auraic. 673. bonus et malus is i in indi : magnus et minus is i in meid, 674 . a hi.¤ a cuit isin seoit from the true value of his share ... ?, Laws iii 360.12 Comm. tir ara ningealtar [log] .i. ferand ara r-gelladh log a hinde `land for which its real price was promised' (etym. gl. on ingeltar), v 430.5 and 15 Comm. in gell a hindi leth n-uinge `a pledge of the intrinsic value of half an ounce' (etym. gl. on ingille), 416.19 Comm. mided .i. meisemnaiged cach a hi.¤ in ni is coir do gabail isin rath let everyone judge from his own quality ? (or in his own mind ?). ii 254.28 Comm. tir a mbí i.¤ doimne, cuirrig ┐ seiscenn, O'Dav. 140. nach saobhthuir i.¤ an aeeóir `that the nature of the air be not perverted,' Studies 1921, 74 § 4 . ? fer brón fort íer techta inde (glossed : .i. more) lámnado, LU 10887 (rhetoric, = ... ier techta in delmnad, Ériu xii 182 § 12 ). a hinne used adverbially properly, naturally, by reason of or according to its nature or quality: cell con-a hincrod .i. cell cusin crod bis innte a hi.¤ , Laws v 222.14 Comm. co na nindteach .i. cusaní is toich no is duthaig bis orro a hinde, iv 152.13 Comm. ise ní ro meisemnaiged a hinde doib `the thing that was estimated originally for them,' 34.21 Comm.

Used absolutely as adv. of manner (see GOI § 876 ) : i.¤ ropridched dúib `as has been preached to you,' Wb. 25a40 . inni rombatar riam hí tempul such as they were before gl. talia, Ml. 62b2 . cia inni soas `how he turns' gl. qualiter auersatur, 123d8 .

(b) meaning, sense, signification: ara tucca cách a canas condib réil less ind i.¤ bess and, Wb. 27b27 . ce torbe dúibsi in fogur sin mani fessid inni bess fon fogursin `the sense which is under that sound,' 12d5 . issí i.¤ fil is indi as fluit, consumitur, Ml. 83b1 . is inunn chiall is indi as scit ┐ as nóuit is in dib desmrechtaibso .i. procurat issí i.¤ fil hi cechtar de, 114b1 . ind i.¤ bís indib riam gl. significatio, Sg. 4b4 . huare nád forcmat inn inni saindilis inna ndelb the special meaning of the forms, 50a6 . is follus inna n-inni som i.¤ inna n-anmmann húataat, 59a11 . brath inn[e] cach brethi , Laws i 22.5 Comm. bunad ocus inde ocus airbert ... don focul origin, meaning and use ..., 30.y Comm. a inde .i. a indaithmech its meaning i.e. its analysis, Lec. Gl. 169. dorrime S. ... inni n-ali nand .i. beatus quasi vivatus `S. gives another sense,' Hib. Min. 434. tucad in t-ainm iarsin n-inde thoirnes for in sollamain-si according to the meaning it denotes ?, PH 6934. seachta ... seacht n-ae a hinni `heptad ... seven sciences is the meaning of it,' Auraic. 742.

II Concrete sense.

(a) middle, centre, inmost part (very freq. in etym. glosses) : inde a hinde .i. as a lár, O'Don. Suppl. (< H 3. 18 ). inchind .i. i n-inde cind bīs, Corm. Y 760. inchind .i. indi in chind, O'Mulc. 732. innéoin .i. inne an eana .i. meadhón an uisge, O'Cl. ni diubair indraic inlobra .i. ... innraic bis a n-inde labra in the middle of illness, O'Curry 2469 (< Eg. 88, fo. 38 (39)a ). in ni bis a nind (leg. ninde) a treibe (gl. on intreb furniture), Laws ii 358.10 Comm. no lin[a]d indara lestar a hur in tsrotha, araile asa medon, RC xxv 35.25 , to `medon' corresponds hinde in tsrotha, 30 . iad i n-i.¤ aigianta eisinnill an áruis ... sin in the deep insecure centre, TSh. 6690. cuiridh an teas a teitead a n-i.¤ na talman astech `into the interior of the earth,' ITS xiv 38.11 . secht n-indsguithe .i. atait secht scuiche a hinde `there are seven internal departures,' Laws v 296.21 Comm.

? To this the following exx. : duine ro gaid set ┐ roe no (leg. ro elo) amach-asin crích ... ní légur a hi.¤ in ferainn é go foircenn na riaghla, O'D. 696 (< H 3.17, c. 509 ). ingraide tire .i. ingraid a hindi ... ina thir transltd. `grazing on a farm i.e. they graze the top (of the grass) in the land,' Laws iv 48.18 Comm. co dílinn do ladh a hindibh aeoir `from the inside of the air,' Leb. Gab.(i) 92 n. 6 . a sil a innibh an aieoir, DDána 110 § 48. failet ann linni lethna | ailli a n-inni a noebtrethna, SR 494. inngas .i. inde an gai na chuais the inner part of the spear in its socket ?, O'Mulc. 769. cāin inbir .i. ... riaghail inneich bis in inde bera na corad, Laws iv 212.12 Comm.

(b) mind, heart: ni ḟuil th'aídh na th'i.¤ hi ccradh `thy care and thy thoughts are not on wealth,' Cog. 64.29 . ca rūn atā fat i.¤ ?, ZCP xiii 170.16 . as mairg dobheir taobh re mnáibh ... cidh bed bhes ina n-i.¤ `whatever be in their minds,' BS 112.7 . amail aimsiges int aintcrist indi cāich, ZCP xii 368.18 . mar bhíos Críost san ghille ghlan | gan díosc na i.¤ iodhan in his pure heart, Arch. Hib. i 99 xvii .

(c) Usually in pl., the bowels, entrails, intestines: talias gl. na hinneda `the bowels,' Gild. Lor. 93. erga mea viscera gl. illeth rem indib, ib. 148 . cum medullis gl. cusna hindib, 227 . isnaib innib `in the inward parts' gl. in osibus, Ml. 28a7 . int i.¤ iachtarach gl. líén `the lower gut,' Ir. Gl. 1013. in mil bis i ninde uithir the beast which is in the bowel of the sick man, Laws ii 12.22 . ris in ngen inasas a hi.¤ in athar, in ingean, 346.4 Comm. ina sinib no na indib, transltd. `in her udder' (of a cow), iii 228.10 Comm. comba leir a i.¤ et a inathar tar a bhél, TBC-LL¹ p. 373 n. 1 . contarlaic a mbúi do innib ina medón corrabi for fortchi in charpait, LL 121a2 . coná raibhe acht a cris ... catha ic congbail a i.¤ ocus a inathair ar n-íchtar, MR 300.5 . ro-m-piantar tria m'índib, PH 802. ni testa fuirri innedha na linche the entrails of lynxes (of a witch), CCath. 4142 . nighfe tú a innidhe thou shall wash its entrails, Exodus xxix 17. indida na n-ainmindti, Rosa Angl. 324.15 . sa gaile no isna hindib, RC xlix 14.11 . gur marbh flux inneadh drong dibh `that a flux of the bowels slew some of them,' ITS xix 112.23 . eslainti in gaili ... ┐ eslainti na n-indid mar ata gaothmuirecht ┐ colica, Irish Texts iii 49.x . an té thiocfus amach as t'innibh féin bhus oighre ort, Gen. xv 4. m'i.¤ ro shúig `my vitals he sucked' (a mother of her child), Todd Lect. vi 82.11 . in tan ro-genair ... on óig cen eroslucad n-i.¤ without opening of the womb, PH 6752. i n-innibh ar mbancéile i n-ám tuismedha, CCath. 647. Fig.: cuiridh iomuibh ... innighe trocaire the bowels of mercy, Coloss. iii 12.

By an extension of meaning, dung: indebar .i. áilech, ut est tech i mbí indebar .i. tech i mbí inde in buair .i. tech salach semdellach, O'Dav. 1127 = Laws v 166.18 Comm.

naiscid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. naiscid or dil.ie/32953
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: naisc, nascat, nais, na, nenais, nenais, nenasc, nenasc, nenaisc, nenscais, nascair, fora-nascar, nasair, nasar, nastar, nasatar, nasaiter, naisidar, nensitir, nas, nass, nais, nassa, ronnassa, nassa, naidm, naiscea, nasciub, nascestar

v i. Early forms: pres. 3 s. ni naisc , Laws i 86 n. 1 . 3 pl. ni nascat , 186.14 . s-subj. 2 s. pres. ni nais , Laws iv 36.1 . O'Dav. 1505 , cf. 1256 . 3 s. ro na , O'Dav. 1378. fut. (redupl.) 2 s. ro nenais , O'Dav. 1594. 3 s. *nenais, cf. neanais .i. ceanglais, O'Cl. (taken as pret.). pret. 1 s. ro nenasc-sa, LU 9373. 2 s. ro nenaisc, LU 5662 = TBC-I¹ 1185 (rectius nenasc). 3 s. nenaisc, Laws iv 346.5 . neanaisc no ro neanaisc .i. do cheangail, O'Cl. (with pron. suff.) nenscais, Rawl. 116c29 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 11 (where Meyer emends: nenscus). Pass. pres. s. nascair, Laws i 210.25 . fora-nascar, 194.23 . subj. s. nasair, ii 126 z . ro nasar , ii 122.13 , iv 100.10 . coro nastar , LU 4898 = TBC-I¹ 411 , cf. Laws v 370.7 , 378.2 . pl. ro nasatar , i 50 z . ro nasaiter , v 254.2 . ro naisidar , 430.2 . fut. pl. nensitir, ZCP xiii 378.7 ( B. in Scáil § 18 ). pret. s. ro nas , Laws i 216.24 ; ii 14.28 . Corm. Y 645. ro nass , LU 4894 = ro nais , TBC-I¹ 407. ? nassa , ZCP xv 365 § 50. viii 118 § 25 . (pl. ?) ronnassa , ACL iii 1.10 . part. nassa, TBC-LL¹ 4567. vn. naidm (see also nascad).

Already fairly early in Mid.Ir. commonly treated as a weak vb., stem naisc- or less commonly nasc-: 1 s. pres. subj. ara naiscea , LU 5870 ( TBC-I¹ 1401 ). fut. 1 s. rat nasciub , TBC-LL¹ 6054. pret. 3 s. rat nascestar , 3791 .

In general sense binds, makes fast. nas .i. ceangal; ro nasa .i. do ceangladh, O'Cl.

(a) in lit. sense: rat-nascestar mar nasces feith fidu he has clasped thee as woodbine clasps trees, TBC-LL¹ 3791 ; cf. 6054 , RC xiv 408 § 19 (rot-naisc). ro nascadh [in sín] ima bragait, ZCP xi 65.4 . in cruit ara nenaisc [in Dagdae] na ceola had bound (i.e. silenced) the melodies, RC xii 108 § 163 . In sense makes captive: nenaisc iathu fer Fēne `er legte in Bande', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 28 (< Laws iv 346 ). nenaisc niathu Alinde, Metr. Dinds. ii 82.36 (see note): the sense in both exx. may possibly be secured, made firm or safe .

(b) more often as fig. & legal term binds, exacts a pledge (promise, obligation, payment), with acc. of thing and FOR of pers.; in Laws often glossed by fonaisc, cf. O'Dav. 1256 , 1378 . See Bürgschaft 83. ni nais uma nā hairgead nā hōr acht for māl, Laws iv 36.1 (only a chief is to be bound to pay in copper, silver or gold). ni nais etach for nach nocht thou shalt not bind a naked person to pay in clothes, ib. 3 , cf. O'Dav. 1505. do fiur adbaill de na-ro nastar tasicc fair `upon whom repayment cannot be imposed,' Laws v 370.7 . ro nenasc-sa foraib . . . .vii. cét talland argait I bound them to pay, LU 9373. ced nāro nais [ro nass, LU, sic leg.] do ḟoesam-su forsna maccu? why were the lads not bound (made promise) to protect thee? TBC-I¹ 407. nenaisc dag-eraic a mucc foraibh, Irish Texts i 3 § 9 = coros-naisc eraicc, LB 62b52 . naiscset a coma fair they made him promise to grant their boon, PH 896. ro naisced orm airfided dom thigerna anocht, RC xxiv 60 § 19. naiscis inti Ruadhan forna demhnu triall rempu, BNnÉ 319.7 . tugsad dó an uile umhlacht dar naisg orra san chonnradh all the obedience he had exacted from them, Content. xvi 161. do naiscius air . . . techtairi do chur chugam, ITS xix 104.5 . ro naisgetar ar inchuibh in Coimdhe fair cen anadh a nEirinn (sic leg.), RC xlvi 232.4 . Cf. do naiscetar sin a briathar fair . . . im chomall dōib na brethi bound him under a promise, ZCP xiv 149.8 . With acc. only: ro nasctis giallu cáich, LL 146a43 = fonensaitis, ZCP xii 379.16 . ro naisc Tuathal in bórama, LL 23b40 . nenaisc a dín he bound [Senán] to protect him, ZCP iii 222.7 . Secures (by pledge, etc.), makes sure (a bond, contract, promise) : atait secht nadmand nascar la Feine, Laws v 364.12 . ni nascar dilsi for mac ┐ a raith a thing the ownership of which is secured by `mac' and `raith' sureties, 314.19 ; cf. 292.16 , 430.2 . in cor amra ro nenaisc .i. comruc re hēnfer, TBC-I¹ 1185. fiadnaisi .i. fiadae ro nass in cor, O'Mulc. 499 , cf. Corm. Y 645. da naisc ar mummi . . . ar cró cotaig bound our blood-covenant, TBC-LL¹ 4134. imon ccodach . . . ro nenaisg Nel fri macaibh Israel the covenant which N. made with . . ., Leb. Gab.(i) i 200.12 . With acc. of guarantees: tar sárugad . . . na ndūl ro naisc-sium forro, MR 4.2 = FDG 1.9 (i.e. violation of an oath taken on the elements). Cf. nassa fīr na ndūla de the `fir' of the elements was pledged thereto (?), ZCP viii 118 § 25 = násad, LU 9814 ( RC vi 165.31 ). With obj. omitted: naisc-siu . . . for deiss rig is ruirech (= take the right hand of kings . . . as security), TBC-LL¹ 3069. Rarely with acc. of pers. who becomes surety: ollam ard . . . naisci[d], ni nascar `he binds, he is not bound', Laws iv 358.14 . naisc Carpre mín Manand take C. as your security, TBC-LL¹ 3090. a Dail Cais . . . rob-nais Banba co mblaid may B. bind you (to defend her), Cog. 56.2 (poem).

(c) betroths; unites in wedlock: ro chendaig [Míliuc] cumail corus-naisc do Patraic hi (= voluit ancillam illi adiungere), Lat. Lives 59.15 = LB 25b36 . ni hí ro naiscedh dō acht a siur, Todd Nenn. 178.4 . sochaidhe diár naisged Fionnabhoir, ZCP x 290.5 . ros-naisg i llanumnus do A., BB 424b22 . part. ba nassa dam-sa ind ingen, TBC-LL¹ 4567. See also ? nassaid Celtica xi 169 .

oirdnide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oirdnide or dil.ie/33712
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: oirdnidiu, oirdnithi

adj io,iā. (< oirdnithe, part. of oirdnid) d s m. oirdnidiu, Ml. 48b8 , g s m. oirdnithi, Wb. 1b14 .

(a) in strict sense ordained , appointed and so used in Glosses: oirdnide, gl. unctus [in regem], Ml. 40a1 ; gl. christum (of Hezekiah), 43c10 , cf. 48b8 . Hence used of Deity: oipred fir oirdnithi, Wb. 1b14 (`a supreme being, lit. one ordained', Thes.). persan oirdnithe, 29d28 . stúag dermar . . . os chind ind ordnide ina chathaír rígda, FA 8 = in ordnigi, LB. is ar fírinne in ríg Dauida ro chomarleicc in Coimdid lochairnd ríg ┐ ordnige airegda dia síl-som a lamp of kings and supreme ordained one (of Christ), PH 4250 (`the supreme ordination', tr.).

(b) hence in wider sense distinguished, eminent; cf. dorairn- gred . . . rombad ordnide a chland (= promissio facta est . . . ut heres mundi esset), Wb. 2c12 (perh. = chosen). atrubairt no beitís orddnidiu [oirdnide, Eg.] laech ┐ clériuch dííb that there would be distinguished men, lay and cleric, among them, Trip. 194.10 = ordnide (.i. uaisle no imad) laech ┐ cleirech, ACL iii 26.11 , but oirdnide (leg. oirdnidi?) seems an adj., laech ┐ clériuch being gen.pl.; cf. Trip. 182.18 . a rí urdnide Ulad! TFerbe 144 . na hairdríg oirmitnecha oirdnige, Alex. 342 , a chlerig urddniti áin!, LL 308a49 . eccnaidh uasal oirdnidhe, AFM i 504.5 . Eithne oirdnidhe, LL 386b7 . gein ordnige, LB 240a36 (gl. gein n-án, ACC 127 ). mac Zebedei . . . braithir uirdnidi Eoin, Ériu iii 196 § 16. superl. is é rí as ānem ┐ as ordnidem . . . thánic i ndomon, BDD 102. As pn sobriquet: Aed Orddniti, LL 140b26 . Aedh Oirndnide, MacCarthy 404.10 ( BB 49a42 ). Aodh Oirndighe, Keat. iii 2419. Of things magnificent, honourable, etc.: is urdnidi ┐ is rígda in tuarasc- bail, LL 267b1 = MU 36.17 . fond n-orddnide, LL 28b3 . dun mind ōir uirdnide, Fen. 154.23 . airecht uirdnidhe, is a suide bit fechemain ┐ aighnedha oc idhnaidhe brethi , ZCP xii 359.22 (techn. name for a certain court or assembly) but see Peritia v 94 . i cúimrigib ordnige in honourable captivity, Alex. 400 (possibly an abstr. noun, cf. PH 4250 quoted above).