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bríathardae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bríathardae or dil.ie/6797

 

adj io, iā (bríathar) wordy; gramm. verbal: cles briatharda sin dognítis ind ḟilid (expl. of briamon smethrach, RC xxvi 24 ), LL 24449. ó cach tharmmorcnib ainmmdib ┐ briathardaib ┐ dobriathardaib, Sg. 43a5 . in drong briatharde `the verbal group', 159b5 . condatanman som dano briathardi, 188b3 . As subst. timmartae and amal inna briathardi riam gl. uerbalium regulam seruauit, Sg. 56b12 .

neimthes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimthes or dil.ie/33054

 

Forms: nemthusa

n u, m. (< neimed?).

I Social or professional status or privileges, qualifications? cach nemthas nār [a nar v.l.] `every noble privilege', O'Dav. 1290. midither mind nemthesa nāir `a diadem of noble privilege', 1220 . nach duine las nā bi fosulgud, ni bi nemthes fuiririud lais `no person who has not power of releasing has privilege of binding' (?), Laws ii 122.18 . dith nemthiussa filed, ZCP xv 334 § 26 (i.e. forfeiture of his privileged position). (pl.) a tri nemtigter nemthusa filedh, tenm laegda, imus forosnad, dicedul du cennaib, Laws v 56.22 Comm. (quoted from the Bretha Neimed). neimtheas egulsa `privilege of church-lands', SG 79.2 . co nemtesuibh nemed tromuib, Nero A vii p. 145a ( O'D. 2210 ). is a nemtesaib doecclamar cach direch dana, ib. f. 143a-b ( O'D. 2207 ). Fig. ni haos nennta nemtesa (leg. nemthes?) `it is not the age of nettles that gives them venom' (i.e. their characteristic qualification, the power of stinging), Laws iv 376.21 (legal maxim).

Of chattels, etc., perh. valuation: ech tuaithi ┐ ech sliastai rig is inann nemthes fil forru, H 3.18 p. 373-4 ( O'Curry 808 ). Cf. trian dire neimthusa cathracha fáis `a third of the "dire" of the "n." of an empty church', Laws v 120.4 Comm. on text dealing with `cella' not entitled to `díre' through non-fulfilment of their duties; acc. to the Comm. by `cell' is understood the erenagh (airchinnech) of the church.

II In the follg. exx. neimthes (neimthius) seems to be used of the power which the `filid' possessed of punishing those who refused their demands with degradation or loss of social status. brimon [briamon , LB] smetrach .i. ainm nemthiusa [nemtheossa, LB] dogniat filid im nech atatoing .i. meilid smit ind aue iter a dā mer ┐ doecce in duine ima ndene nemt[h]ess. Fīrmod sin, amail is fri duine anechta[i]r ata in ball sin, sic is fri daoine anechtair ata in duine se, Corm. Y 149 ; transld. in Corm. Tr. 22 `the name of an operation which poets perform on a person who refuses them [aught]'; perh. rather the name of the power (privilege) which the `filid' exercise in the case of a person, etc. , the `neimthes' being in such cases expressed by a symbolic action, the ` briamon smetrach'. Cf. the gloss on ` briamon smetrach' in LL 187a-b (quoted RC xxvi 55 ): .i. cles briatharda sin dognitís ind ḟilid .i. cenéle nemthiusa insin .i. smitt a cluasi do gabáil inna láim; amal ná fil cnáim andsin is amlaid nā fil enech nó nert acontí écnaiges in file.

smetrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. smetrach or dil.ie/38060

 

n (smit) In phr. bri(a)mon smet(h)rach, explained as the act or rubbing or pulling the lobe of the ear as a means of coercion, a device used by poets in order to obtain the granting of requests. For full discussion see ZCP xxi 324 ff . brimon .i. ainm nemthiusa dognīat filid im nech atatoing .i. meilid smit ind aue iter a dā mer ┐ doēcce in duine ima ndēne nemt[h]ess, Corm. Y 149 = briamon smethraige, Corm. p. 8 . briamon smethrach (brimon smetrach, v.l.), RC xxvi 24.78 (see Gloss.). brimon smitrach . . . .i. fourrach neich o smit a cluaisi .i. cleas briatharda donidis na filid fo daigin ecnaig go bfourrgitis nech tria smiot a chluaisi do tarraing, Auraic. 4645 ff . = b. smetrac[h] . . ., 1328 ff . ? Cf. n.loc.: Magh Smeathrach i nUibh Fáilghe, Keat. ii 1961 .