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as-toing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-toing or dil.ie/4535
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: astoing, etech

v (* ess-tong-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 652 ) refuses (lit. swears away from, removes by oath). Indic. pres. 3 s. astoing diib `he swears away from them i.e. he clears them by oath', Críth G. 496 and n. brimon smetrach .i. ainm nemthiusa dognīat filid im nech atatoing who refuses them, Corm. Y 149 . fer a.¤ cach recht .i. eitches gach duine um biadh `a man who refuses (hospitality to) every class of person', BCrólige 43 . ben istoing cach richt, Laws v 176.4 . astoing .i. eitches, O'Dav. 139 . nicon eitig nach n[d]aim `he refuses not any company', Laws v 76.11 . cairi fir nacon eitid cach reacht, 238.20 . Subj. 2 s. ni ettis nech cen a domanches, LU 3488 ( SCC 26 ). 3 s. ni fuiben enecland arain dar daim techta; ar ni heitech do neoch mad o daim techta ci as-to i.e. it is not a(n illegal) refusal if a person refuse a company in excess of a lawful retinue, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 52 § 25 . ata-tó .i. eitech . . . ar ní heitech do nech mana [cin a] daim techta cidh istoo, O'Dav. 139 . cia isto, Laws v 172.16 . ni briugaid m'asto nach berthar enech, O'Dav. 1527 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. Petar apstal, aurtaig tor / . . . / atc[h]uitig fa thrī, ba col who denied thrice, ZCP x 47 § 22 . atguitigh .i. era nó etach, ut est atguitig in scoaire co fa thri, O'Dav. 39 = at-cuitigh, Ériu xiii 24.19 . (With substitution of preverb) rom-cuitigh, Ériu lix 126 § 8 . Pass. sg. adcuitecht in gilla im ōegedacht lasin filid, Otia ii 86 § 2 . pl. Riach ┐ Cosdub adchoitechta [im] na ingena, LL 22531 (= eitigthear iad imna h-ingenaib, RC xvi 275.30 ).

Vn. etech.

Cf. etchid, ustaing.

3 brí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 brí or dil.ie/6779
Last Revised: 2019

 

n Apparently abstracted fr. bríathar. Expld. as word, speech : bri ┐ rethor .i. breuis ┐ orathor (`orator. This gloss seems an etymology of . . . `brīathar',' n.8), O'Mulc. 159. bri .i. briathar ut est tisca bri ban finn .i. tinnscedal uim briathra na mban fia[l] nó taithnemach `i.e. word', O'Dav. 232. `b.' (brigh, brídh, v.ll.) briathar, Metr. Gl. D 17 , Lec. Gl. 261 , Stowe Gl. 235. brí no brígh .i. briathar, O'Cl. bri .i. briathar (in expl. of brimon smetrach), Auraic. 1329. See bri(a)mon. bricht .i. bri ocht .i. ocht mbriathra and, 1427 . bricht .i. brigh a hocht .i. brigh briathar .i. hocht mbriathar and, 4482 . dobértha bretha co mb.¤ (: haenmí), Acall. 7430. ? co mbríg (bri, v.ll.) deóraid, Metr. Dinds. iii 184.15 . bri cen dochta (glossed briathar co ttegoscc no co munadh, note 1), Leb. Gab.(i) 194.11 . ? Cf. LL 37044 cited s. 1 brí.

bri(a)mon

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bri(a)mon or dil.ie/6786

 

n in phr. b.¤ smet(h)rach (B. na f., formula). See neimthes, smetrach; b.¤ in this phr. expld. as word-feat : bri [.i.] briathar ┐ mon .i. cles (LL), RC xxvi 55 , Auraic. 1329 - 30 . Note also: brī cach n-ogus (see accais), ut est isna Brethuib Nemed: brimon smetrach, etc., Corm. Y 149 , Corm. 8.

brimon

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brimon or dil.ie/6829

 

x see bri(a)mon.

1 foirrgid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 foirrgid or dil.ie/22994
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: nachamforraig, forrgot, foirrgea, nam-forgea, fo-drorraig, fod-rorraich, forraig, forragar

v (cf. 1 forrach, ? fo-oirg). Treated as a compd. in some passages, but the original form is uncertain. ipv. 2 s. nachamforraig, TBC-I¹ 1384 ( LU 5855 ; 5860 ). 3 pl. is dedbir doib ci forrgot , Thes. i 714.14 . subj. pres. 3 s. ar na foirrgea , Laws iv 124.17 Comm. 2 sg. dia nam-forgea , LU 5860 ( TBC-I¹ 1391 ). pret. and perf. 3 s. fo-drorraig, LL 132b44 . fod-rorraich, 132a40 , b28 (poems by Flann Mainistrech). ro forraig , 222b25 . 205b20 .

Presses hard, bears down, overpowers , often (but not necessarily) with notion of undue or wrongful aggression : ... geib do sciath | cosin oen fer forges cach, Cog. 122.2 . iss ass ra ḟorrged Cu Chulaind cach caur ... condriced friss TBC-LL¹ 3765 . ros-foirrghedh fira (= firu) Acall. 1589 . naenbar ... foirrged in cuinged, 1590 . cethir braithir ... forraigtis forlond they used to overcome superior force Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 27 (= Rawl. 118b51 ). fodrorraich forlond, LL 132b28 . i F. rofoirged (v.l. roforred, roforded, do foirrgead), Metr. Dinds. iii 72.90 . smetrach .i. smit forrach .i. co forrgidis neach, Auraic. 1332 (etym. expl. of brimon smetrach). ni ro mathius a olc do thrén | ┐ nir ḟorrgius fortren, LL 149b42 (= nir airges edren, YBL 173a31 . SG 70 ). int ársid ro forraig iarthar in betha, YBL 222b25 ( TTr. 399 ). occ diobhragadh ... a ccaor ... go ffoirrgitis na fiora don taobh araill don abhainn wrought havoc among (of cannon-balls) Hugh Roe f. 17b . clith ... torum na rom-forrgi fuacht no tess, MacCongl. 29.25 . uacht na haba fodrorraig, LL 132b44 . dorignius neim dó ... do forraig rig na saersluag, RC xxiii 428 . ramḟorraig ferg, TFerbe 539 . is é int art ... forrges gail who overcomes valour (? by valour) TBC-LL¹ 5406 . Fiachu fairged gail, RC vii 290.7 ( LL 206b4 ). o bhas Find rofoirgeadh gail ZCP xi 44 § 51 . ite folaid ḟirflaitheman ... ┐ niis-forge goi ná ecin na forniurt, Laws iv 334 ( Críth G. 526 ; 'he cannot violate them by falsity or violence' Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi (C) 16.303 ; he shall not violate them ?). Pass. laech cach fer co forragar (? = every man is a hero till he finds his match) ZCP iv 468 § 14 . forrgither ... é ó chnedaib he succumbs to his wounds Metr. Dinds. iv 330 . mor fer ... ro foirrgit co forranach tre imforcraidh in eccomlainn, CCath. 6021 . as mō ro fairrgit sluagh C., 5682 . go ro foirrgitt an fiallach ...don chloichthreas, AFM vi 1982.6 . gur foirrgit fir ┐ gur leonaid laoich, ML² 262 (= gur foirdheargadh fir, ML 18.13 ). Rarely intrans. with FRI: for-raig friu Líndmaine co mbair 'Linnmuine bears down on them with anger', Aided Echach 100 § 4(u) . ise nad forraich fri neach, Ériu v 240 . See forrach and forrachta.

1 forrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 forrach or dil.ie/23847
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (for-rig, Ériu xix 51 ) the act of oppressing, overpowering, subduing: farrach no forrach .i. foirneart, O'Cl. sel for sáethar ná bad f.¤ exhausting ZCP v 497 § 10 . ba farrach dāib re fulang an brēntatu, TTebe 4851 . i F. rofoirged ... fuair f.¤ i F. `was smitten ... met destruction' Metr. Dinds. iii 72z . fuair farrach a láime in láich | Daire Barrach, LL 49a41 . go ffuair Oisin a f.¤ | i n-iomairg ón allmharrach, Duan. F. i 18.2 . co raibhe f.¤ fir da foighren tre dhaingen na luirighe ... don leath araill `as much as would kill a man' (?) MR 286.3 (2 forrach ?). ná leic ... aincreitmhigh diar bforrachne !, Marco P. 8 . gabhaim re hais th'orrach-sa `I undertake to crush you' Content. xxii 23 . boí in cotlud oca f.¤ frisin ceol overpowering them LL 3a3 . in taemad oca mbādad ┐ aga f.¤ anīs, Aen. 259 . odconairc Aenias D. do f.¤ do A., 1116 ( Aeneid v 460 ). odconnaic sé Conghal aga ḟ.¤ `when he saw C. pressed hard (?) ' ITS v 96.13 . ro ghaph ag f.¤ Conghail isin chomhlann, 142.15 . ata ... an íota gom f.¤ , Duan. F. 24.6 . ag farrach ┐ ac feoilgerradh mo muindtiri ZCP vi 100.28 . ó ro airigh N. ... na Gaill oga ff.¤ when N. perceived that the English were being worsted Hugh Roe 290.26 (f. 76b) . aga fforach ┐ acca ffírlenmhain, AFM vi 2318.1 . dodechaid f.¤ do L. (`L. succomba' [?] RC xliii 92 § 93 (the meaning is doubtful here). Of a person: in comlunn cēd ┐ in f.¤ sochaidi ib. f.¤ .i. rigi ... no smetrach .i. smit forrach .i. co forrgidis neach, Auraic. 1330 (etym. of brimon smetrach), cf. 3 forrach. f.¤ n-indligid, O'Curry 1690 might from the context belong to for-rig, see forrecht.

See 1 foirrgid.

neimthes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimthes or dil.ie/33054

 

Forms: nemthusa

n u, m. (< neimed?).

I Social or professional status or privileges, qualifications? cach nemthas nār [a nar v.l.] `every noble privilege', O'Dav. 1290. midither mind nemthesa nāir `a diadem of noble privilege', 1220 . nach duine las nā bi fosulgud, ni bi nemthes fuiririud lais `no person who has not power of releasing has privilege of binding' (?), Laws ii 122.18 . dith nemthiussa filed, ZCP xv 334 § 26 (i.e. forfeiture of his privileged position). (pl.) a tri nemtigter nemthusa filedh, tenm laegda, imus forosnad, dicedul du cennaib, Laws v 56.22 Comm. (quoted from the Bretha Neimed). neimtheas egulsa `privilege of church-lands', SG 79.2 . co nemtesuibh nemed tromuib, Nero A vii p. 145a ( O'D. 2210 ). is a nemtesaib doecclamar cach direch dana, ib. f. 143a-b ( O'D. 2207 ). Fig. ni haos nennta nemtesa (leg. nemthes?) `it is not the age of nettles that gives them venom' (i.e. their characteristic qualification, the power of stinging), Laws iv 376.21 (legal maxim).

Of chattels, etc., perh. valuation: ech tuaithi ┐ ech sliastai rig is inann nemthes fil forru, H 3.18 p. 373-4 ( O'Curry 808 ). Cf. trian dire neimthusa cathracha fáis `a third of the "dire" of the "n." of an empty church', Laws v 120.4 Comm. on text dealing with `cella' not entitled to `díre' through non-fulfilment of their duties; acc. to the Comm. by `cell' is understood the erenagh (airchinnech) of the church.

II In the follg. exx. neimthes (neimthius) seems to be used of the power which the `filid' possessed of punishing those who refused their demands with degradation or loss of social status. brimon [briamon, LB] smetrach .i. ainm nemthiusa [nemtheossa, LB] dogniat filid im nech atatoing .i. meilid smit ind aue iter a dā mer ┐ doecce in duine ima ndene nemt[h]ess. Fīrmod sin, amail is fri duine anechta[i]r ata in ball sin, sic is fri daoine anechtair ata in duine se, Corm. Y 149 ; transld. in Corm. Tr. 22 `the name of an operation which poets perform on a person who refuses them [aught]'; perh. rather the name of the power (privilege) which the `filid' exercise in the case of a person, etc. , the `neimthes' being in such cases expressed by a symbolic action, the `briamon smetrach'. Cf. the gloss on `briamon smetrach' in LL 187a-b (quoted RC xxvi 55 ): .i. cles briatharda sin dognitís ind ḟilid .i. cenéle nemthiusa insin .i. smitt a cluasi do gabáil inna láim; amal ná fil cnáim andsin is amlaid nā fil enech nó nert acontí écnaiges in file.

smetrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. smetrach or dil.ie/38060

 

n (smit) In phr. bri(a)mon smet(h)rach, explained as the act or rubbing or pulling the lobe of the ear as a means of coercion, a device used by poets in order to obtain the granting of requests. For full discussion see ZCP xxi 324 ff . brimon .i. ainm nemthiusa dognīat filid im nech atatoing .i. meilid smit ind aue iter a dā mer ┐ doēcce in duine ima ndēne nemt[h]ess, Corm. Y 149 = briamon smethraige, Corm. p. 8 . briamon smethrach (brimon smetrach, v.l.), RC xxvi 24.78 (see Gloss.). brimon smitrach . . . .i. fourrach neich o smit a cluaisi .i. cleas briatharda donidis na filid fo daigin ecnaig go bfourrgitis nech tria smiot a chluaisi do tarraing, Auraic. 4645 ff . = b. smetrac[h] . . ., 1328 ff . ? Cf. n.loc.: Magh Smeathrach i nUibh Fáilghe, Keat. ii 1961 .