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4 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 a or dil.ie/5
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: á, an, an, i, ind, ina, ina, na, na, na, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a

pron demonstrative relative, nasalising, that which, what . On the spelling á see Celtica ii 339 - 40 . Orig. neut. art., GOI § 473 (cf. 5 a). Combines with ro to form arro (in later lang. ar): arrolegais, Wb. 28d7 , but an- (the usual form before vowels) is also found: anrogadammar, Wb. 15c22 . anró gad, Trip.² 1370 . an ro-ráidis, PH 726 . an raibhe, Keat. ii 265 . In later language also spelt i n-: i n-atconnarc, LU 3322 . ind digní, Mon. Tall. 134.20 (§ 21) . Also ina n-: ina mboí, LU 8416 (H). ina fuaratar, Ann. Conn. 1235.13 . na n-: na tongat, Sc.M² 16 . na n-dingentar, TBC-LL¹ 6179 . na ndenaid, Auraic. 58 . In O.Ir. folld. by absolute and deuterotonic form of vb. a n-asbiur, Wb. 17d12 ; but later the conjunct and prototonic forms become common (see Bergin, Ériu xi 139 n.1 ): a taibred, Sc.M² 1 . a sir, Dán Dé xxiii 37 . a ndenat, PH 2858 . When the demonst. rel. is plural in meaning personal pronouns referring to it are plural: a n-as sīrem diib, Ériu ii 130 § 102 . The vb. may also be pl. a mbid . . . de neithibh, Desid. 5724 . a rabhadar do liagaibh cloch, Keat. ii 3504 . a bhfuilti corrtha those of you who are tired, Donlevy 216.6 .

Frequently cecha n- whatever, however much, etc., see cech.

(a) As nom.: an as suthin, Wb. 13d9 . anasberthar ho giun what is spoken, 5d14 . for nem a (an v.l.) conrúalae . . . as mó mílib míle, Fél. Ep. 25 . arrobúi isind tsaltir nuli the whole contents of the Psalter, Mon. Tall. 133.11 (§ 16) . a nas aithgin do airechaib feda iseadh is dire do athechaib feadha, Laws iv 152.5 Comm. seachnuim a mbí a n-éintigh, Desid. 6426 . a dtarla dá chóir, TSh. 762 .

(b) As accus.: á fil etarru what is between them, Wb. 27d19 . tuicci an gaibes in salm, 12d42 . a pridchimmeni what we preach, 15b14 . a forchongair do chomalnad, 5c23 . a ndogensa what I shall do, LU 8082 ( FB 6 ). tongu-sa a toinges mo thúath, MU² 928 . mā rosaigh a broth a n-rosaig a blas `if its broth attains what its taste attains', RC xii 86 § 91 . ar ordaigh an t-aingeal-sain, Dán Dé xiv. 14 .

(c) With follg. partitive DI: a ndudesta . . . di foirbthetu, Wb. 1a9 . a césme di cach imniud, 13c7 . anrofiugrad di Críst `what has been figured of Christ', 15a34 . a mbaī di mnāib . . . hi Cūailṅge, TBC-I¹ 868 . a nrobíth leis día slōgaib, 1657 . an fogebed in gilla di scothaib, Trip.² 365 . ni hairemthar ar' marbad do macaib rí, RC xviii 173.13 . With different order of words: a n-du imnedaib . . . fo-daimi, Ml. 55d11 . a ndo ligdath doadbat, Ériu ii 114 § 39 .

With copula and superl.: a n-as sirem diib `the longest of them', Ériu ii 130 § 102 . a n-romba dech do thimthagaib flatha fer nGaoidel the best of the garments . . ., Corm. Y 1059 . an-as dech foruaradar do echraidh in righ, Marco P. 35 . i mba fearr do cach berla ┐ a nba leithiu ┐ a mba caemu `what was best . . .', Auraic. 1053 . in rop messa día muintir, RC x. 184.24 . Note also: is a mbeo beres a n-as beodu ┐ i na[s] segondo, TBC-I¹ 693 (compar. for superl.?). Less frequently with partitive gen.: doberat a n-as dech sét in dúine, TBFr. 419 . con-aitcetar ferann fair .i. an ba dech Mide, Dinds. 78 ( RC xv. 478 ).

(d) With prec. prep. (frequent in later lang.): do-farget (sic leg.) a rro-fera ar-a ferthar fris `he offers what he has given for what is given to him', Laws v 502.22 (see however GOI 680 ). ni tabair dír[e] asa n-gatass, Ir. Recht 22 § 24 (see GOI 298, 680 ). farnan bechtae on what is not certain, Bürgschaft 20 § 60 ( GOI 298, 680 ). bui dliged . . . fora raibhi do Thartraidhibh, Marco P. 82 . nach smuainid air a nabruid, Donlevy 468.13 . Gort an Óir ghairthear don Mhaigh . . . ó n-ar bronnadh d'ór lais-sean . . . ann `from the quantity of gold', Keat. ii 4470 . tré n-ar imreadar d'ulc air `on account of the injury they had done him', 4634 . tréas a ndearnsad do bhagar air, Desid. 3429 . Most frequently with DI, giving mod. dia, approximating to a new rel. particle: duine d'a marand indíu any man of those now living, PH 7318 . gach ní dā ndubrais, Feis Tighe Chonáin 105 . na h-uili obuir trocuire diar mol in eglus, ZCP vi 25.4 . ni ternō nech dona tainic anoir `of those that came . . .', Dinds. 23 ( RC xv. 323 ). an aenridiri is lugha dob olc da roibhi ina aimsir, ZCP vi 100.12 . gach aon dár fhás ┐ dá bhfásfaidh every one who has sprung and will spring, TSh. 13 . Temporal use: feacht n-æn da roibhe Cond Cetcathach, Ériu iii 150 . fecht n-aen dá táncatar, Acall. 361 . laithe n-aen … da raibe Find, 5737 . feacht n-aen da tainic Find, 5917 . la da raibhi Crist, Smaointe B. Chr. 1754 . gach úair da dtéighinn ’na theach, L. Cl. A. B. 187 § 9 . fechtus dia m-bui E. hi Frémainn, IT i 128 § 15 . fecht eli da raibe C. .c. a nDruim Cet, BCC 146.5 . lá airithi da ndechaid C. .c. do Temraig, 126.20 . feacht n-aon da ttainic Columcille, Anecd. iii 6 . feacht dia m-báttar, Hy Fiach. 336.1 . Also with acht: co tuctha a longa leó acht a ndechaidh ar éicin, RC xvii 361.17 (Tig.).

(e) When the antecedent is a noun the rel. clause is syntactically gen.: ar comalnad andotairrngert `to fulfil what he had promised', Mon. Tall. 146.20 (§ 51) . i farrad na n-dingentar innossa, TBC-LL¹ 6178 . cuirter fesa uathaib co hAth Cliath ar cend ar ḟacsat and do Gallaib, RC xviii 289.30 (Tig.). ag soin críoch ar chanamor `that is the sum of what I have sung', TD 15.54 . ag clos a ndoirtid, Desid. 4282 . ar son a ndéineann, 731 .

2 an

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 an or dil.ie/3236
Last Revised: 2013

 

n water: bior ┐ a.¤ ┐ dobhar trí hanmann uisge in domhuin, Metr. Gl. 12 § 15 . a.¤ .i. uisge, O'Cl. an-bruich (= bruith) .i. uisci ┐ broth , Harl. 5280, fo. 11b ( Metr. Gl. p. 43 ). a beith cen a.¤ cen uisci, Acall. 3535 v.l. 'san druim si ata leth re ha.¤ .i. leith re huiscce (etym. gloss on Druim Lethan), BNnÉ 193.29 . Perh. also in onchú otter q.v.

anbruith(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anbruith(e) or dil.ie/3420

 

(cf. bruithe) n broth : in coiri anbruithi, ZCP i 103.30 . an corp . . . do fothrugud rena anbruith iar nglanad (printed anbruithi ar) to wash the body in the brew, O'Gr. Cat. 185.6 . láir bhán do mharbhadh . . . bheith ag ól a hanbhruith . . . ┐ go bhfothruigeadh é féin as an anbhruith (inauguration of a chief), Keat. i 22.4 . do chuir an tanbhruith a bpota, Judges vi 19, 20 . noch ithes . . . anbhruithe neitheann nadhfhúathmar, Isaiah lxv 4 . deoch de d'chuid anairthe (anbhruith v.l.), ITS i 34.9 .

1 arbar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 arbar or dil.ie/3972

 

Forms: arbe, arbaimm, arbim, arbair, arbur, arbuir, arbair, arburacha, arbhar, arbha, arbhanda

n n, n. (r in n a s., n in remaining cases, see GOI § 333 ). g s. arbe, Wb. 10d6 . d s. arbaimm, Críth G. 116 . arbim, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 57 § 29 . Later also g s. arbair, Keat. ii 5232 . d s. arbur, LL 187c9 . n p. ? arbuir, Corm. Y 851 . arbair, ALC i 548.20 . arburacha, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 7.21 . arbhar m. (g s. arbha. n p. arbhanda), IGT Decl. § 177 .

Grain, corn: glac arba gl. glaneta, Ir. Gl. 213 . broth [.i.] arbor, Corm. Y 523 . a n-arbór / as dech di lossaib talman, Trip.² 2188 . ber-siu lat an arbor, LL 285b24 . grán arbae (arba v.l.), Críth G. 254 . ass ┐ grús nó arbur, 44 . iter brothcan ┐ ass ┐ arbhar (a monk's rations), BNnÉ 300 § 3 . cid tuige cid a.¤ , Laws ii 240.28 Comm. daise arba, i 166.28 . miach arba bid, v 90.16 Comm. in lethairde bís itir na harbannaib, O'D. 1562 (H 5.15, 3a), i.e. the different qualities of seed corn, Plummer MS notes. ní tháinic . . . granni i n-arbur, RC xiii 462 § 66 . deachmhadh mh'eallaigh ┐ m'arbha, DDána 25a.7 . síoth-mhagh gá tarbha na thuinn / do dhíothchor arbha an ḟearainn, Content. xxx 28 . In pl. crops: aithgin na tri narband, Laws iii 264.15 Comm. do buain arbann, CCath. 4914 . roloisc a mbalti ┐ a n-arbanna, Ann. Conn. 1262.5 . iar milleadh neith (= neich) dia n-arbhannaibh, AFM ii 1068.13 .

2 bratha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bratha or dil.ie/6581

 

x see braich and 2 broth .

1 brod

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 brod or dil.ie/6900
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: brodha, brodh, -d

n o, m. g s. also brodha, Corp. Astron. 44.11 . straw, splinter, speck, spot; particle (of dust, dirt, etc.): ciscilium .i. broth uel brothscoa, Lib. Hymn. 10.54 . brodh etc. `an atom, point, spot,' Eg. Gl. 80. nī b.¤ (-t altered to -d, MS.) bec a falach C.C. āit a mbīad `a little speck' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 2488. fot shūil condech b.¤ (brogh, broid, v.ll.) `a thorn', KMMisc. 270 § 45. ag buain brodh d'édach a mná . . . benus na brodha, SG 246.21 , 24 . [a] bruigh ar brat treabraidh you spot of dirt on a plaited mantle, IT iii 85 § 84. ar b.¤ (brogh, v.l.) `for a piece of dirt' (in charm for the eye) ( Nat. Lib. MS. 11, 396a ), Saga och Sed, Gustav Adolf Academy, Uppsala, 1960, 149. 14 . broigh (brocc, v.l.) snechta snowflakes , Bruchst. i 14 § 25 , IT iii 69 § 16. bruga etromma . . . .i. ingne light things, Alex. 586 = raeta, ZCP xxx 125.2 . in brogh beac fa shuil do brathar = festucam in oculo ( Luc. Phars. vi 41 ), ITS xxix 131.32 . Mac Aingil 904 . b.¤ in airigid (read airidig, ed.) the stalk (?), TFerbe 202 (see IT iii 457 - 8 ). brodh do fhad a chorr-mhéir `a straw', Corp. Astron. 44.5 . leaptha brogh bhithi find `couches of bright woven straw', Magauran 1188 . ógh gan bhrobh `without spot´ Celtica iv 171 § 281 .

Compd. ro suighidsetar in biadh ina mbrodmuccaib in bits or pieces (?), Ériu xi 49.7 . baile is ainm do brodmuic fenetha i.e. slisen fenneda, O'Curry 790 (H. 3.18, 368b), ( Laws Gloss. 90 s.v. baile). b.¤ f. `a slice or flitch of pork cooked and browned', Manners and Customs i lxxxvi 15 . dogni . . . brodhmuc dia muic (`Strohschwein' Contribb. 265 ), YBL 118a47 = bro-muc `roasted one' (sc. pig) , SG 86.3 . proinn shaidhbhir do s[héd] p[h]romuic `a rich repast of choice food', Éigse iii 240 § 2. poinn dod p[h]romac ` provender ', § 4 (see notes). in Brecc (.i. ua bhrodhmuc), Ann. Inisf. 1193.5 .

brodscuad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brodscuad or dil.ie/6913

 

n (compd. (?) of 1 brod or (?) 1 bruth. For second element cf. scó and derivv. ?) refuse, rubbish: inna b.¤ anglana gl. quiscilia, Tur. 110. ciscilium .i. broth uel brothscoa, Lib. Hymn. 10.54 . brotscuad .i. spreigal, ut est brotscuadh la feirge feidm .i. amail spreigal na fairrgi is amlaid . . . in tan bis go feirg `refuse . . . i.e. like the rubbish of the sea', O'Dav. 270. is brodscūad .i. is brodsce úan, O'Mulc. 765. bruth sguadh, amhail luibhredh docuirither muir, ar as ainm do suidhe bruth, no brodh sguadh, Ériu xiii 44.12 (name given to compositions of the `doérbaird').

1 broth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 broth or dil.ie/7014

 

Forms: brutus, bruthu

n (see Bidrag 156 ) beard, ear of corn: b.¤ .i. arbhar meas no toradh ` corn, fruit, produce ', P. O'C. b.¤ gl. arista, Thes. 361.2 . Note also: brutus gl. corimbos, ib. 363.16 , where Stokes would read *bruthu, acc. pl. of b.¤ , KZ xxxiii 79. enbroth .i. en usce ┐ b.¤ arbor, brot (= (ON) brauð, ed.) autem nortmanica est lingua , Corm. Y 523 , Corm. 18. anbruich .i. an uisci ┐ b.¤ , Harl. 5280, 11 cited Bidrag 156 . leacht Fingin reill a brotha (: Lotra) ` rushes (?), sedge (?)' (Gloss.), Mór M. 268.7 .

2 broth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 broth or dil.ie/7015

 

n meat, flesh: `b.' (brat, v.l.) ainm féola, Metr. Gl. 17 § 45. b.¤ ┐ bruith .i. feoil . . . ean bhruith no anbhruith .i. uisge feola. O'Cl. Fraech 226n . ? ni biadh tacha bruith no bid [ann co bráth] `want of flesh (?),' Lism. L. p. 305.6. fo bioath (leg. fó biad) indso ma rosaigh a b.¤ an rosaig a blas `its broth ', RC xii 86 § 91. an mada cartaighthear a ttigh na bratha meat-shop (?), Luc. Fid. 5021. See 1 broth .

3 broth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 broth or dil.ie/7016

 

n = 1 bruth, bruith: re biad . . . bal na gaile oc a b.¤ `when boiling ', Laws i 128.2 Comm.

4 broth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 broth or dil.ie/7017

 

x see 1 brod.

brothal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brothal or dil.ie/7021

 

Forms: brothall

n [o, m.] (1 bruth or 3 broth ) brothall ` heat, warmth, sultriness ', P. O'C. do chrú fhoghlach innse Eachaidh / bímse i mbrothul (mbruthall, mbrothull, v.ll.) `for the . . . race of E.'s Island I with zeal am boiling', Ó Bruad. ii 80.12 . lucht béarla ┐ brothaill `upstarts', iii 198.2 .

brothar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brothar or dil.ie/7023

 

n (1 broth ?) hair, fur: brothor na brothraigi, Trip.² 772. See brutair under bruach compds.

Compds. With nouns: mogaid . . . cona mbrotharcertib boc-brechtāin `hairy rags of soft custard', MacCongl. 91.8 . cona mbrotharlúmnib brothracháin `hairy cloaks', ib. With adj.: in t-íchdar brothurluibnech biastaide dofil léo fo uísgib `hairy-clawed . . . lower part' (descr. of mermaids), Dinds. 42.

See bruchir.

brothchán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brothchán or dil.ie/7024

 

n o, m. (brothach) broth, pottage, soup, gruel: b.¤ as chóir duib ní bíad bes [so]nairt, Wb. 33c15 . is bó bias úaimse fria b.¤ , Irish Texts i 35.29 . atcota brothcain (brochan, v.l.) bithnert, Anecd. iii 12.14 `pottage begets lasting strength', RC xlv 65 § 45. co tothlugud m-brothc[h]āin .i. sengroith `to the appetite of pottage—stale curds', MacCongl. 99.18 . beirbid in brocdan, BB 236b5 . iter brothcan ┐ ass ┐ arbhar (a monk's refection), BNnÉ 300 § 3. dorónadh brochán aísi dí agum-sa a life-giving broth , Mer. Uil.² 263. bo do-sum . . . lia brotchan `a cow . . . together with her pottage', Ériu v 34.21 . Legal: ingert bruthcán `preparing medicine', Laws i 268.5 . bo brothcain a cow (with milk ?) for pottage, v 260.4 .i. bo bis ac frestal duine galair, 14 Comm. losa brochain cacha muige `pot-herbs of every plain', 486.13 .

brothlach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brothlach or dil.ie/7026

 

Forms: brothloch

n o and ā, f. (2 broth ? 3 broth ?) cave, hollow, pit, esp. cooking-pit: b.¤ .i. poll, no ionadh in a mbearbhthar feoil a ttalmhain, O'Cl. brothloch (brúthloch) `a boiling pit', P. O'C. cliath, ochd, b.¤, brollach, Eg. Gl. 122. ilar ṁb. na mbled ṁberg pits (in Hell), SR 897. ferba (.i. bó, H) brachtchi (.i. methi, ib.) brothlochi (rhet.), LU 8886 ( FB 68 ). le co ndernai brothlaig foraib, Dinds. 157. nó co dáilfed brothlaig mbáis / for a slóg `he would dispense a mess of death', Metr. Dinds. iii 452.41 . Legal: leba an brothlaigh atceas . . . ┐ cinnti conad í gait in fir, O'Curry 2421 ( Eg. 88, 33b ). ní ac a mbi laith techta no caire brothlaighi, O'Curry 2448 ( Eg. 88, 36b ). See 1 sínid.

In n. loc.: ar lár Tiprat Brothlaigi, LL 28748. See Hog. Onom. 634.

1 bruth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bruth or dil.ie/7164
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: brotha, bruth, broth, ṁbrotha, bruth, bruth-loscthi

n u, m. (berbaid), appar. also o, m., IT ii1 179.14 cited below. b.¤ m., g s. n p. brotha, g p. bruth, broth , IGT Decl. § 72.

I

(a) raging, violent or boiling heat; blaze, (fiery) glow: b.¤ a bruto, O'Mulc. 174. [a] feruore .i. ō b.¤ , 492 . b.¤ , SR 879. b.¤ brátha fire of doom (of Loegaire), LU 8609 ( FB 46 ). rob. in teined `intense heat' (Gloss.), MU² 872. b.¤ feda dair úr `fiercest heat given of all timber, etc.', SG 245.22 . b.¤ na tente `glow', CCath. 1695. robruth aeóir `intense heat' (of sultry weather), AFM v 1626.5 . See sub lile.

(b) heat, anger, fury, excitement; fervour, vehemence, valour: a b.¤ .i. a gaisgi[d] ` valour ', O'Dav. 197. ánbreo co ṁb. athre `with the Fathers' fervor', Fél. Oct. 21. b.¤ ┐ gním ruireach lais `ardor' (Gloss.), BDD² 996. do dibdúd a brotha to calm down his rage, LU 3794 ( SCC 36 ). toirind fri head do brotha (: clocha) `abate for a time thy furies', RC xxiii 414.11 . b.¤ .i. tarráng, ut est combruth fri tarb .i. com-[tharrang] fri tarb, etc., O'Dav. 234. ār (= ōr, ed.) bī b.¤ d'echaib ríg R. `when the steeds . . . were aglow', Fianaig. 48 § 20. b.¤ na gona the smart of the wound, Stair Erc. 1332. gríos ḟeirge as uaibhrighe b.¤ , DDána 108.7 . b.¤ ┐ comhairle ardent desire, ZCP x 410.1 . Attrib. g s. trīa brīg ṁbrotha with fiery strength, ZCP iii 19 § 9.

(c) Med. teilc b.¤ is tart `throw off fever and thrist', Thes. ii 258.12 . donít sin b.¤ mor = excitat pruritum, Rosa Angl. 306. 20 . a nagaidh . . . brotha na sliasadh ` eruption ', Reg. San. 30 xxvii . bruth = uitiligines, 23 K 42 , 35.22 . Of heat in animals : curu darla a broth 'a ewe which has come into heat', EIF 522 § 1 (20) .

(d) Hence (?) transfd. nap of cloth (see Dinneen ): do bh.¤ beacht `nap' (Gloss.) (to an old cloak), Hackett² xxxi 19. Fig. (?) see 1 snas.

II

(a) (glowing) mass, lump; charge of metal: b.¤ n-óir .i. maiss n-óir, Rawl. B 512, 11b2 cited Contribb. 279. b.¤ oir, Thes. ii 310.25 . b.¤ .i. cáor óir no iarainn. cloidheamh seacht mbrotha .i. seacht gcáor, O'Cl. claideb .vii. ṁbrotha, TBC-I¹ 3287. amal bruthu tentidi, LU 2148 ( FA 21 ). b.¤ romor isin tenchoir, 1878 . tri bruith iaraind, IT ii1 179.14, 16 (leg. bruithne ?). B., b.¤ óir ḟorlan `the abundant mass of gold', Fél. Jan. 24. Brighid bān balc brud (.i. ōr) brona (B. na f.), ZCP v 490 § 16.

(b) a boiling, brewing: dabach in roimmdeltar b.¤ , Críth G. 175. cét mbrothe . . . de lind, LU 10136. ZCP iii 230.5 . sǣrbrud i mberbthar bunad cach sofis, Anecd. v 26.11 . ? asbert Cormac: Mainech neim naiscid Nere naidm coir (coiri, v.l.) combrothaib, IT iii 202.1 .

(c) Of a person : caínbruth breóach brissfes catha crúaidai 'fair flaming valorous one who will win harsh battles', B. in Scáil² 46 § 54​ .

Compds. With nouns and adj. derived from noun: co mbruthbūad, Otia ii 83 § 8 . bruthgháir beannacht (greeting to a friend), Hackett² xxi 1. bruithshéis taidhiúir . . . a téad fervent strain, Hackett² xxii 3. bruth-thenntech, Br(uss). 2324, 67v `of fiery glow' (cited Plummer MS. notes). With part. for na múraib . . . bruth-loscthi (in hell), PH 8301. See bruthdamnae, bruthgal.

See brag, bruith.

brutus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brutus or dil.ie/7178

 

x see 1 broth .

comṡúaithid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comṡúaithid or dil.ie/11785
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: comṡúathad

v (súaithid) mixes together: no doirted in n-im . . . ┐ no chomṡuaithed tresin praissig `was . . . mixed with the broth ', Fél. 146.26 . tabuir ar tir ┐ comshuath co tiuguighi, Irish Texts v 8 § 15 . Vn. comṡúathad.

cuilis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuilis or dil.ie/13521

 

n (Engl. loanword) cullis (a broth made from meat or fowl): c.¤ ┐ uisgi feola, Rosa Angl. 86.4 (= colatura). clister doniter do cuilisibh cerc, 108.6 . ? [c . . . isi] ┐ cocairecht, ZCP vi 297.13 (`the word looks like cailisi or cuilisi', note).

debroth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. debroth or dil.ie/14845
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: debroth, débródh, débroth, debrod, debro, debródh, debrath, debhrath, debrad, debhradh, debra, Débroth, debroth

ind an exclamation or asseveration constantly used by S. Patrick. debroth, Ardm. 6 b 1 . Thes. ii 310. 26 . Corm. s.v. mo d . Acall. 6648 . MacCongl. 15. 16 ; 83. 9 . O'Don. Sup. s.v. mo d.¤ de brot, Corm. l.c. (v.l.). débródh, Trip. 168. 14 . débroth, LB 27 b 3 . MacCongl. 45. 18 ; 61. 3 ; 67. 3 . debrod, Ardm. 7 a 2 . debro, Trip. 56. 6 (H 3. 18). debhroth, BB 208 a 41 . debródh, Trip. 56. 6 . — debrath, Thes. ii 290. 11 (Sg). H 3.18, 69 b . O'Mulc. 296 . debhrath, Todd Nenn. 182. 8 . debrad, Lism. L. 2246 . LB 251 a 5 . MacCarthy 436. 1 (BB). Fen. 214. 17 . debhradh AFM ii 652. 8 . debra, LL 193 b 51 (uncertain).

Rhymes with menman : dorata Dia debradh dúin : are rit ar menman mín, ZCP vi 266 § 10 ; with celebrad : co dered domain debrad : nocha bia gan celebrad, Fen. 214. 17 ; with delbda, LL 193 b 51 . In Debide : debrod : clod, ACC § 52 .

By the grammarians explained in various ways.

(a) usually explained as = Dia brátho God of judgment Thes. ii 310. 26 . Trip. 56. 6 (H 3. 18, ACL iii 16 § 36 ).

(b) already by Cormac connected with the Welsh formula min doiu braut `by God of the judgment' : mo debroth (v.l. luide mo de brot .i. mo dia brata) ol Patraic quod Scotici dicunt corrupte. síc hoc dici debet .i. muin doíu braut .i. muin didiu is meus. in díu is deus. in braut is judex .i. meus deus judex , Corm. s.v. mo d .

(c) as a Hebrew word. debrath ebraice. brath loquella. debrath didiu délabrath, O'Mulc. 296 .

(d) debrath .i. brath indsce. debrath didiu .i. deil a brath, H 3.18, 69 b .

(e) the explanation given in Colgan's Trias Thaum. p. 53 and 59 is due to misunderstanding of the passage in Ardm. 7 a 2 ( Trip. 292. 26 ).

(f) understood as degbriathar, Acall. 6648 (Franc. A 4 73 a ). See now Ériu lix 139-51 .

The rhymes with menman and celebrad (v. supra) do not necessarily prove original short -e-. Débroth the doom of God would be an ordinary cpd. of dia and bráth (u- stem), the latter passing into -broth in enclisis as scáth > scud (foscud, d sg.), gním > gnom. Mo d.¤ , dar mo d.¤ by the doom that God will pass on me on the day of Judgment. It seems the Irish equivalent of W. `min doiu braut,' not an adaptation of it. In `mo d.¤ ,' debroth is probably the dative.

(a) mo debroth seems the oldest formula : ` cui irascens Sanctus Patricius cum maledictione dixit : mudebrod male fecisti. nusquam proficiat tibi ager in aeternum , Ardm. 7 a 2 . et ait S. Patricius mudebroth quamuis laboraueritis nec tamen proficiat , ib. 6 b 1 = Trip. 289. 24 (transformed by Trias Thaum. 53 into`modebroth quod interpretatur quod non laboratis non proderit vobis '). mo debroth ol P., Corm., v. supra.—With strengthening om : mo debroth um ar Patraic bidh Hí Raduib do tṡíl trét umalóit, Acall. 6648 . — atbiur mo debroth...noco fesser cid fil and noco nérus, MacCongl. 15. 16 (analogically after atbiursa mo bréithir, &c.).

(b) dar mo debroth : asbert Patraic fris dar mo de broth is tualaing Dia sen mad áil dó. genus iuramenti sen la Patraic ac si diceret dar mo Dia bratha (which Trias Thaum. l.c. 4 transl. `per Deum meum Judicem sive judicii'), Thes. ii 310. 26 . dar mo debrod, ACC § 52 . darmo debródh ( débroth, LB 27 b 3 , debro, H 3.18 ) ol P. isind ulċ atá do chumachta, Trip. 56. 6 (H 3. 18 and LB add `.i. dar mo dia bratha (mbr. LB),' ACL iii 16 § 36 ).— dar mo debhrath ar Luirich (son of Sarran) is calma form in peata...andas in Coimdhe dia nadhair, Todd Nenn. 182. 8 .— dar mo debroth i fiadnaise in dúileman ba maith lium co rísaind a dochum in dúnaid sin, MacCongl. 83. 9 . darom débroth...ní bether co bráth, ib. 61. 3 .

(c) dom debroth: dom débroth fullfi friss, MacCongl. 45. 18 ; ib. 67. 3 .

(d) fom debroth: bam débroth, MacCongl. 57. 17 .

(e) a debroth: missi a debrad am fer sean (in verse) YBL 108 b 19 ( Ériu iv 150. 19 ).

(f) debroth alone, only in poetry: debrath nom choimmdiu cóima, Thes. ii 290. 11 (Editors' transl. is impossible; d.¤ perhaps abs. dat. `when the judgment of God is being passed,' i.e. on the day of Judgment, or an exclamation). roláis díot Feardia na ndrong: debhradh is crúaidh do choṁlann, Mil na mB. 27 l. 398 . muir nard nainbthech seoch a tæb: debrad nocha rígda dúil, Lism. L. 2246 . co dered domain debrad (: celebrad), Fen. 214. 17 . rocráided muintir Thomair: i niarthar domain debhradh by God's doom the race of T. was destroyed in the western world AFM ii 652. 15 (A.D. 942). Daminis debrad is tír, BB 51 a 47 ( MacCarthy 436. 1 ). dorata Dia debradh dún: are rit (= frit) ar menman mín (g s.) ZCP vi 266 st 10 .

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