Search Results

Your search returned 19 result(s).

1 adarc, aiderc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adarc, aiderc or dil.ie/307

 

Forms: adharc

n ā, f. adharc f. IGT Decl. § 12 . See ZCP xxv 11 . horn (of an animal). hua nadarcaib gl. cornibus, Ml. 63b17 . tob di humu fochosmailius nadarcae, 2b16 , 116c8 . is and ro lásat a n-adarca díb, TBFr. 427 . co mbertatár a puple inna n-adarcaib and carried off their tents on their horns (of cattle), LU 6208 (TBC). isin adhairc go na slibac, Laws iii 370.8 Comm. caithchi cethra . . . caitce a nadhairce, iv 146.6 Comm. dobeir les tarb ┐ a aiderc i na laim, Aen. 1069 . gúal adhairce charcoal made from horn, see gúal. is gnáth úirlis uí Dhubhda gan adharca bruic `badgers' horns' (something imaginary, non-existent), Ó Bruad. i 76 xiv . adhlacadh a adhairce níor fhéad i gclais `he never could bury his horn in a ditch (i.e. cannot be prevented from exercising charity)', ii 206.7 . a chocóil na hadhairce (of a cuckold), O'Rah. (1909) 296.13 . Of a colour: tri .l. c. n-anart n-imda / co ndath n-a.¤ mirrda mán, LL 296a23 . ( SG 362.14 ). si glaucus . . . .i. madh ata a ndath ghlaucus no mar adhairc sholuis, 23 K 42 , 120.8 . Drinking-horn: do bi a.¤ . . . ar altair . . . do theighedh tri gloine dfhin . . . san aidhirc sin, L. Chl. S. § 22 . Inkhorn: an adharc duibh, ZCP x 230.27 . do lebar ┐ t'adharc ┐ do pend, Acall. 608 . Cupping-horn: aran inadh a curtar na hadurca, Rosa Angl. 24.11 . curtur adurc maille fuiliugud ar cul in cinn, 204.10 . gibne .i. a.¤ lege, Corm. Y 732 . Horn as musical instrument: gilla adhairc gl. cornicen, Ir. Gl. 1018 . adarca fur[ḟ]occra, CCath. 5616 . foran adhairc nfurfhocurtha `on the warning trumpet', Stair Erc. 173 . adharca áigh ┐ cuisleanna catha, TSh. 6703 . Part of the shaft of a weapon: manaís bréfech o mimusc co hadairc, LU 5638 (= TBC-I¹ 1159 ). in cnairseach da dorn deg itir a hiarann ┐ an baile a negarthar a hadharc fuirre a fochair .i. a hurlann, Laws iv 226.10 . aurlond . . . ainm d'oreill gae .i. ind a.¤ dub bis mon gai, Auraic. 1621 . Perh. confused with adart in: claideb ōrduirn foa choim cech ḟir, ferbolc impu cotici a ndī aithircc, ardarcc (sic) ōir bric im chechtar de, TBC-I¹ 2852 . See TBC-LL¹ 4397 cited s.v. frithadart.

In phr. aidherc reithe, name of a metrical fault consisting of the absence of a stressed word between the consonating and rhyming words of a couplet: aidhearc reithe i nda aisde .i. i rrannaidheacht big ┐ i rannaidheacht moir, IGT Metr. Faults §§ 34, 35 .

breóad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breóad or dil.ie/6726

 

Forms: brëud, breód, breódud, breud

n earlier brëud u and o, m. Vn. of *breóaid. Later breód, breódud (breóg-). breud (disyll.), SR 879.

(a) act of burning: a teinidh brātha breoïd (deoïd), Ériu iii 30 § 11. a robhriudh, § 14 v.l. ar robo torrach hi ┐ asbert fria muntir a breoad ┐ arai nir lam a mmudugud fri Cond, LU 3186 ( RC ii 90.8 ). nó lastais . . . na [sen]longa lasamna 'arna mbréo[ad] do pic ┐ do geir[id] ┐ do céir `aflame with pitch, etc.', CCath. 2143. deich ccéd etir bhreodh ┐ mhudhucchadh ro marbhadh and `by wounding' (burning?), AFM i 510.22 = eidir braid, CS 162.4 .

(b) act of enfeebling, crushing, injuring. Cf. brúd (bruüd) with similar meanings: 'ar mbeith da bhrigh chorparda 'arna breoghadh `being crushed', BNnÉ 158 § 11 . bruic . . . ┐ míolta . . . muige arna móirbhreogad (by the savaging of hounds), SG 307.29 . isna teidhmibh troma . . . lé ndéantur an duine do bhreódh leis, TSh. 2405. an briseadh ┐ an breódh . . . do-bheirid daosgarshluagh . . . an diabhail ar na hanmaibh damanta, 6261 . do briseadh an chos . . . / is níor bh'iongnadh a breodh, Keat. Poems 1400.

Compd. is iomdha gleacaidhe is gaiscidheach . . . / tháinig díobh do chlaoidhe 's do bhreódhghoin who came away . . . sorely wounded from them, Hackett xxvi 56 .

brocc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brocc or dil.ie/6891

 

Forms: broc

n o, m. broc m., IGT Decl. § 67. See ZCP xxiv 92 - 3 , Études Celt. vi 202 , Ir. Hist. Stud. vi 170 n.2 . badger: bruicnech bruic `a badger's brood', K. and H. 16. cét do cach cinel anmann ceithre . . . acht bruic nama, Thr. Ir. Gl. xlii 12 ( Corm. 23 ). daine . . . iarnacur . . . a rechtaib broc, xliii 3 . saill bruicc a Béire badger fat, SG 364.27 . gai Táidhg rug C. laís chum na mbroc ar co tísdaís asa mbroicthenaigh amach, Cóir Anm. 239. gabáil b.¤ taebtrom tarrisel, Acall. 7392. na bruic . . . amuil na conu cenndu um a ḟoglaibh comaithcesa, Laws iv 120.1 Comm. do chroicionn bruic = badger, Ezekiel xvi 10. ag broc an éithigh (as term of reproach), Tribes of Irel. 28.27 .

In nn. loc.: Mo Bíi . . . Domnaigh broc, Gorm. Sept. 30 n.4 .

See Hog. Onom. s.v. Brocros .

Compds. With nouns: cocholl do chroicnib broc ime, ┐ is uadh ainmnighter in brocainech (name of a relic), SG 21.33 . ni bai acht broccaithech dia sil side, RC xxiv 176.4 . in n-úair nochuired co holl / in bíast buidech a brocc-lomm `ill-smelling draught' (Gloss.), Metr. Dinds. iii 428.10 . With adj.: a hua airim bhrocsalaigh, IT iii 98 § 160.

broclas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. broclas or dil.ie/6894

 

n (brocc + 1 clas?): bruic a broclasaib ` brock-holes ', SG 280.23 . 306.19 . Cf. broclach `a warren', P. O'C.

broic(th)enach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. broic(th)enach or dil.ie/6941

 

n [ā, f.] (brocc) badger-warren, haunt of badgers : co tísdaís [na bruic] asa mbroicthenaigh amach, Cóir Anm. 239. teit C. don brocenaig . . . lotar tra na bruicc imach, Corm. 23 = Corm. Y 685. Cf. broc i mbroithinisg (brochdanuis, v.l.), ITS i 10.17 .

See bruicnech.

bruicnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bruicnech or dil.ie/7089

 

n b.¤ bruic `badger's brood', K. and H. 16 ` badger- cubs (?),' Murphy Lyrics, Gloss. See broic(th)enach.

1 cathair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cathair or dil.ie/8362
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: caithir, caithir, cathair, caithri, chaithrib

n originally i, later k, f. Ériu xxvi 95 . Also caithir (see GOI 202 ). caithir f., IGT Decl. § 120 . n s. cathair marked `lochdach', ex. 1884 (see Duan. Finn iii p. 63). g. pl. clōas crīcha Cathriach, Corp. Gen. 9 (Rawl. 116 c 34) , Éigse xvii 429 . a p. caithri (: aithre), ZCP viii 198 § 18 . d p. do chaithrib (for metre; chathrachaib, MSS), Bruchst. i 4 .

(a) stone enclosure, fortress, castle; dwelling : Acher Foglass / fuirec cēt cathrach, Corp. Gen. 2.42 . frithe cathrach (`church', see (b) below), Laws v 320.8 .i. dogabur isin chathraig thall, 322.9 Comm. ben forcurtar i cathuir, 272.6 . cathuir uasal nemid `dwelling' (in list of places from which distraint may not be taken), 266.23 .i. cathuir uasal neimedh na heclaisi, 268.11 Comm. co cathraig Con Roí, LU 9037 ( FB 79 ). ic comét na cathrach (of fort of Culann), TBC-LL² 869 . fo chaithrecha . . . in talman, Auraic. 167 . fa mó na comla caithreach / clúasa na naithreach dwelling-place , Duan. F. i 78.12 . trī dūin tenna . . . ┐ trī cathracha com-daingne, ML² 1108 . lín catha san chaithirsin, IGT Decl. ex. 885 . ag léim chluidh chathrach, 1882 . daingne imda . . . .i. cathir Cind Chorad, ┐ Inis Gaill Duib . . . , Ann. Inisf. 1012.5 . ar lár cathrag Í Maireathig, 1212.4 . na cúirte cloch aolta ┐ na cathracha, AFM vi 2192.10 . caithir chuanna ceithre mbeann (of Clonfree), DDána 119.16 . lucht deigheoil 'n-a chaithir chuirr (of chieftain's castle), 66.7 . Of animals: do-lotar na bruic amach asa cathraig, Thr. Ir. Gl. xliv 15 . Transf. is cathir do chomét (of the Félire), Fél. Ep. 149 . c.¤ Chuinn (of Ireland), DDána 93.42 . c.¤ chaolaigh dhuinn (of mop of hair), 74.63 . dá rígcórughad . . . ┐ dá caithir crisdaingne (of two divisions of an army), Caithr. Thoirdh. 64.14 .

(b) monastic settlement, enclosure; monastery : for maig arutacht cathir (of St Bridget), Thes. ii 328.4 ( Hy. v 10 ). folamadar . . . P. congabad c.¤ ic A. Ḟ., Trip.² 1270 . bid úasal do chathir (said to Bishop Erc), 473 . comarba cathrach Ciarain, Auraic. 5268 . indliged na heclaisi . . . [mad indliged] na cathrach . . . is dire cathrach fais[e] doib (`cathedral'), Laws v 172.12 , 13 Comm. bid mór do chathir i fus / be manchach for nem, Ériu iii 108 § 54 .

(c) fortified city, city: ro bói isin chaithir, Wb. 13b1 . Crist didiu issí in chathir, 21c5 . dia mbrith huan chadraig `from the city', Ml. 66c14 . immin cathraich, 48d14 . imm oslucud inna cathrach, 46b5 . ro soirad in chathir di lamaib Assar, 61d2 . for longais hua chathir (leg. huan? Edd.), 74a13 . donchathraig gl. in urbem, Sg. 216b6 . tor cathrach, LU 2786 . co cathroigh n-amhræ Luimnech, ZCP vii 304.x . gusan gcarthaigh iona roibhe Aimpírius, ZCP xxxiii 133 § 17 . cúig caithreacha, Dán Dé xvii 25 . a gcaithridh Chorint, Mac Aingil 5784 . For c.¤ attaig see attach, and cf. ZCP xxv 225 .

Of heaven: nói ngrád . . . / cathrach in Ríg romair, Fél. Ep. 236 . in cathir . . . ina fuil in rígsudi, LU 2036 ( FA 11 ). Of hell: im chuaird cathrach Díabail, LU 2421 .

In n. loc.: coro bris Cathraig Conaind (more usually Tor C.), LL 14698 . See Hog. Onom.

Compd.: bean is teachtaire . . . ón chaithirlios (of Mary), Aithd. D. 72.7 .

See catrai.

cenann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cenann or dil.ie/8588

 

adj o, ā (1 cenn + 1 finn). See GOI 75 , 218 . white-headed, white-faced . Us. of animals: Fiacha Cenannán, c.¤ uili báe Herend na amsir, LL 5377 and note. ech . . . cenand, 13909 . gabur cenand, LU 8625 ( FB 47 ). an lócuiste ceanann = bald locust, Levit. xi 22 . mindtan c.¤ ` white-faced ', Laws v 276.6 Comm. bruic cheananna, Feis Tighe Chonáin 31 . mo chathmerge cenand, LL 18597 ( PRIA xix 550 ). In n.loc.. na Tonda Cenanda, BCC 194.18 . As subst.: ni thuca in cenainn ngāirechtaig (i.e. as wife), ZCP viii 112.z . Cf. stagnum na Genanny (= na Cenainne), V. SS. Hib. ii 70 . Application doubtful: is messi in chomairge chenand, LL 358 marg. 5 , is cenand in chomairge, 56 .

comraigthech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comraigthech or dil.ie/11640

 

Forms: comhragach

n (cf. 1 comrac etc.): sgiath chomhraightheach chaladh-bhuailteach ` fighting ', CRR² 74.19 (comhraictheach, v.l.). comhragach, 80.13 . ? bruic . . . chomhruichacha, Feis Tighe Chonáin 32 .

damgaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. damgaire or dil.ie/14507
Last Revised: 2019

 

n ia, f. (fem. LL 118 a 13 . IT iii 89. 11 .) Usually translated a herd of stags or deer (Stokes, Lism. L. p. 389 , 410 b 2 —but 240. 30 stags in heat , as TTr.² 1159 — Kuno Meyer, Contr.). But the frequent appearance of damgaire in phrases such as `oc búiriud, oc béicid amal dam damgaire, dorddan (daim) damgaire,' and, like cúgaire, as the object of ro-cluinethar, seems to indicate the meaning a bellowing or roaring of a stag . This is not disproved by the place-name Druimm Damgaire, nor by the passage Lism. L. p. 389 . Damgaire like cúgaire has short penultimate, as shown by the rhyme with `glaine,' Anecd. ii 24. 3 , and by IT iii 89. 11 , both cited below. re dordan daim damaire, Acall. 3677 .

ret[h]it daim a dumachaib ri dorddan na damgaire LL 118 a 13 . ceol na psalm go psalmgloine i Rind Ruis Bruic cen buaine: dordan daim duinn damghaire do lecain erce (leg. Erce) uaire, Anecd. ii 24. 3 , ZCP x 369 . mar dachuala in chugaire noco cluinfea in damgair[e], IT iii 89. 11 . docualamur daṁghaire, Laud 615 129 . rogab thra fón sluagh fon innas [s]in cor imbir a búrach forru amal dam ndamgairi, TTr.² 1159 . torchair Donn na daṁghaire, ITS vii 32. 25 . robhúirset ┐ robéicset (sc. Ulaid) amal daṁu daṁghaire, Lism. L. 3108 . BS § 11. 3 .

LOC. atát daiṁ díleann ┐ cliathbernadha cét inniu i Cnuc na Cenn ┐ ita damghaire ṡochaide ┐ forngaire ṡluaig et bid he a ainm o aniu cu brath Druim Damghaire (i.e. Cnoc Luinge, Knocklong in Co. Limerick, Onom.), Lism. L. p. 389 .

doan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doan or dil.ie/17181

 

Forms: doain

n name of an animal: n p. na bruic ┐ na doain , Laws iv 120 Comm. Cf. 2 togán.

1 enech, ainech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 enech, ainech or dil.ie/20066
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ainech, ainech, enech, einic, enig, ainiuch, inchaib, enech, enigh

n o, n. (Ascoli considered the latter form to be originally a distinct word, connected with aingid protects), in later lang. m., and sometimes s in pl.

I Face, front ; as the word is regularly pl. in early Irish the original meaning was evidently brows or cheeks. In the later lang. it is more usually treated as sg.: n p. a di chulaid-som friu ┐ enech Loig, TBC-I¹ 1154 . a p. ní 'na n-enech robitha acht is inna ndrummai (gl. vulnera non aduerso corpore exciperunt, sed auerso) Ml. 100b2 . dubeir cách a chorp hí cotarsnae fria chele .i. enech fri enach (gl. aduersis corporibus) 65b10 . follaig Medb a hainech, LU 6567 . tucastar dóit fri dóit ┐ einech fri einech, CRR 45.48 . goeth garb ina n-enech, FA 26 (LB). nobetis déra geiredh dar eneach gach caratt ZCP vii 268 § 4 . d p. is i n-inchaib atat na cétfaide, O'Mulc. 403 . g p. comlethet a enech di or, LU 20b27 = MU 54.15 . cathbarr ┐ éittidh robaoi foraibh ag...diamlughadh a n-aightheadh ┐ a n-eineach, Hugh Roe, 166.9 (f. 44b) . In later texts the gen. is usually in sg. form: ar son a einich .i. ar son a aighthe, O'Cl. s. eineach, and the word is probably to be taken as sg. in the following exx.: glass robhói a ainech .i. aighed ghlas lais, Cóir Anm. 201 . dorat sígín na croiche dar a enech, RC x 185.14 . dearg a oineach .i. a ghnúis, Keat. ii 2223 (< dearg-ainech robái, Cóir Anm. 21 ). Later form of n p.: nírbo heinighi carat im [sic leg.] fleid in lucht bátar isin tig sin faces of friends at a feast Hib. Min. 52.23 (= aigthe carat, IT i 99.15 ). Of the outer surface of anything: nói mbuilc co n-inchaib órdaib, BDD 119 .

In phrases: ar (for) inchaib over against, in front of: Lia na Fían... | ar inchaib Rátha Senaid, Metr. Dinds. i 18.80 . co torchair for incuibh a duine fessin, Ériu vi 144.10 . badar da tulaigh arda fora n-inchaibh, CCath. 2407.1652 . Leb. Gab.(i) i 208.30 . Hugh Roe² 3.32 (f. 2a) . AFM vi 1898 z . After verb of motion: tainic ar ionchaibh a lethemain came in front of his twin (to shield him) CCath. 2068 ( Luc. Phars. iii 614 ). do dhol ar ionchaibh an Choimdhedh go breithemnus mbratha, BNnÉ 128.17 .

The following seem to belong to this section, but the sense may be that of II b: dorochradar...gleri laech for inchaib a tigernadh, Aen. 2494 . do eirgedar...isin comlonn sin ar inchaib Fergusa `in support of F.' Celt. Rev. iv 22 note m.

ar (for) enech into the presence of (cf. II b). Later also in front of: Ó D. ┐ Ó N. do bheith i ndíbh scoraibh for aineach aroile ó Shamhain go Nodlaicc, AFM iv 1178 x = for enech, AU 1490 . atconnairc T. an t-aingel ina seasamh ar a oinigh [leg. oinech?] gerbo ina diaidh fosraccaibh, Aisl. Tond. 101.9 . Cf. elta dian mag fo ócaib...fert na n-airech ... | décaid ar ainech Etair, Metr. Dinds. iii 106.52 .

fri enech opposite: isind ḟoclúi féinnida fri enech in ríg, BDD 74 . Cf. Ml. 65 b10 and CRR 48 , cited above.

i n-enech against, in opposition to: dolbfamaitni sé muca...a n-einech na sé n-onchon, Anecd. ii 62.15 ; 63.3 . Cf. duberat mo bráthir im ainech mu étchi my kinsmen urge against me my ugliness (cast it in my teeth?) Trip. 152.6 . ? dá mbeith ’na oineach 'if opposed by him' Celtica xvi 91 § 5 .

os inchaib?: airchinnig étrocair bíte ós inchaib martra na nnǽb for dānaib ┐ dechmadaib na hecailsi, FA 25 (this may belong to II).

enech i n-inchaib face to face: tucad cuce in di tabald co mbatar ina lamoib eneuch a n-inchoib facing one another RC xiii 223.53 . dorola airri na hA. doib...eineach i n-inchaip for in muig, CCath. 3058 . With do: do suidhigh [Césair] a longphort ann einech i n-inchaibh do longphort Poimp, 3287 . With fri: gabhsat longport and eineach i n-ionchuibh fri hUltaib, ZCP xiv 228.1 . batar enech i n-ionchaibh friaroile corofighedh iomairecc, AFM ii 908.5 . iii 362.4 . Hugh Roe² 5.32 (f. 3a) . go ranuicc go Dún na nGall eineach i n-ionchaibh frisna Gallaibh, 18.4 (f. 10a) . AFM vi 1926.10 .

e.¤ imm inchaib id.: ro gabh Cesair longphort...enech um inchaibh ríu, CCath. 2286 . Cf. robhai aigidh im inchaib fris directly opposite him Aen. 2857 .

With pref., as adj.:

bán-ainech white-faced: ben bán-ainech, TBC-LL¹ 4314 = TBC-I¹ 2789 (= banaighthech St).

clár-ainech flat-faced: Mo Bii...in clárainech ( .i. cen sróin lais itir, LB 97 ), Fél. Oct. 12 . in dall clar-enech = cæcum tabulatam faciem habentem Todd Lect. v 86.3 . Cf. ferais tromṡnechta...co mbatar clarenig uile coiceda hErend din tṡnechtu so that all the fifths of Ireland were equally level plains TBC-LL¹ 627 .

crunn¤ (cruinn¤ ) round-cheeked: gnúis chorcra chrund-ainech, TBC-LL¹ 5323 .

coím¤ with noble face: Cathbad cóem-ainech, IT i 68.14 . LU 124 az = ZCP iii 236.19 ( ¤oinech). mor cend caem-ainech, BB 420 a36 .

derg¤ ruddy-cheeked: derg-ainech robái coni[d] dé ro lil Enna Derg dé, Cóir Anm. 21 .

gorm¤ swarthy-cheeked: fer gorm-ainech, BDD 75 . fien gorm-ainech, Fianaig. 10 § 8 .

moíth¤ soft-cheeked: ben mæth-ainech, TBC-I¹ 2789 .

COMPDS.: pn enech-glass green-faced: Bressal Enechglas RC xxv 22.10 . Rawl. 117by . B. Ainechghlass, Cóir Anm. 201 . asbert fri Breasal nEineachlais, Lec. 380a7 = Leb. Cert. 194 . rí O nEnechlais, Top. Poems 74.13 = ar Uibh Inechruis, 90.5 (see note, and Leb. Cert. 195 - 6 n.g.). Cf. ...AVI INEQUAGLAS, JRSAI 1898, 57 .

¤nár of noble countenance, or noble repute: Enna enech-nár, Metr. Dinds. iv 182.12 . ri claind Iafeth enechnāir, LL 142a44 . Rawl. 76b20 . ó mac Cumaill einechnáir, Acall. 1417 . Caichni ros ícc Sinchell slán | co himthend co henech-nár, Metr. Dinds. iii 156.18 .

¤réid of gentle face, or of free generosity, lavish: ar ndol don úr enechréigh upon the death of the generous one Miscell. Celt. Soc. 330.3 (cf. ó ṡíol R. an réadhoinigh `generous seed of R.' TD 16.57 ).

II By a transition of meaning apparently connected with the tendency for feelings of shame or humiliation to be reflected in the countenance, enech comes to be used in the sense of honour, repute, good name . The `enech' of an individual might be damaged by unatoned insult or injury on the part of another, or by any act on his own part which was dishonouring to his status, or any failure to fulfil the duties of his rank. Such acts or lapses, when unatoned, left a stain upon his `enech' and thus damaged his status. The contexts in which enech occurs in this sense usually deal with acts which cause humiliation or degradation, or with compensation for such acts, and the word takes on slightly different shades of meaning according to the aspect in which `enech' is regarded. For convenience of reference the exx. given below are grouped as far as possible in accordance with these aspects. In some passages the literal meaning of the word is plainly recognised. In the Laws Text it is treated as pl.; elsewhere it is often sg., though at least some of the instances from early texts are doubtless due to transcribers: gen. einic, Corm. Y 685 . enig, 532 . FB 94 LU. dat. ainiuch, AU 1123 .

(a) honour, repute; dignity, status: ar na torthaiset isnaib sechtaib hi tuitet enech caich...a aér i [= a?] torgabail cen gell dia inchaib, gú-fiadnaisi [sic leg.] gú-test, ailsed nadma, elud rathaigis, dul tria aitiri im ni dichuat fuiri [cf. Laws i 58.1 ff .], cacc for a enech [cf. Corm. Y 685 . ZCP xv 342 § 33 ]. Cid dinigh di inchaibh neich inna .uíí. sa? nach sal aslenna ainech duine biit a tri oca diúnach .i. sleic ┐ usce ┐ anart. is edh is sleíc, fóisitiu in mídénmai fia[d] doínib ┐ in gell nád súifii friiu aitherach. in t-usci, ícc ne[i]ch atball tria mignimiu. anart, penait in midenmai rer [per?] lebor that they fall not in the seven things in which everyone's honour (or countenance) may fall, that is, to be satirized, to transgress without having a pledge on his behalf (or to be satirized for transgressing, etc.?), false witness, false testimony, careless bond-making, evasion of suretyship, breaking through his pledge...(?) [all these bring?] dirt on one's honour. What cleanses from one's honour (or countenance) these seven things? Any stain which soils a person's honour, etc. Laws iv 318.21 ff . Cf. MacNeill, MacNeill, Law of status § 100 ( PRIA xxxvi C 16 ). nā raibh on for inchaibh tuaithe, ACL iii 295 § 27 . on it inchuib, Laws i 232.3 . recht ┐ enech ┐ anim [sic leg.] do rig, enech ┐ anim [sic leg.] do cāch olcena...treidhe do rig .i...is recht a timarcain is enech do beth sochaide ┐ imcomet anma do insin for a king, rule and honour and life; for others (only) honour and life. Threefold for a king, i.e. his (power of) constraint (or castigation) is (his) rule, it is his honour to have a retinue, and that guards his life Laws i 230.11ff. Comm. Cf. recht .i. flatha. enech .i. feni .i. ocus filidh. ainim .i. eclasa .i. inas dír do eclais rule, i.e. of the lord; honour, i.e. oj the freeborn native, i.e. and the poet; life (soul ?), i.e. of the church, i.e. what is properly for the church 230.10 . dilsi n-ainech rig a king retains his honour ZCP xv 366 . conagaib ainech ┐ anmain damsa in fer muinteri rucad uam .i. mo chú upheld my honour and my life (i.e. by guarding his stock so that he was never shamed from lack of provender for his guests, and by guarding his own person) TBC-I¹ 534 . secht seoit airech...con-oat enech which maintain (his) honour (i.e. appertain to his status), Cóic Con. 45 § 72 . Cf. Laws i 134 . ní dlegar anim is enech i n-íc n-anma (the loss of) a life need not be requited by both honour and life Metr. Dinds. iv 110.43 . úaisle eineach inā anam, ZCP xiv 251.2 . béo duine d'éis a anma ┐ ní beo d'éis a oinigh [sic leg.] RC xxix 138.4 . Aen. 2203 . Here we may note the punning sentence: olc amser...i mbiat ile cenna, i mbiat uate enig when heads [i.e. severed ones] will be many and countenances [i.e. reputes] will be few LL 188a52 = RC xxvi 36.3 .

To each grade was assigned a certain rate of satisfaction for any act which if left uncompensated would taint the individual's honour and thus affect his standing and reputation. This compensation was proportioned to the nature of the act and the status of the individuals concerned, and based on the valuation termed lóg n-enech ( honour-price ) in the earlier law tracts (`honour-price was the valuation of the freeman's status'; `a valuation of the power and effect of his status at any given time,' MacNeill, l.c. 270 . Another term for honour-price was eneclann, q.v.): digaib do log eneach eireach it diminishes the honour-price of a chief Laws iv 56.26 . is dilis don cele log n-einech dib, ZCP xiv 391 § 59 = Laws ii 336.5 . log enech fuidre, ma[d] doerfuidir, can mittir ? a inchaib a flatha whence is the honour-price of an unfree settler estimated? from the status of his lord Laws v 516.13 ; 108.24 . fer cen selb...a inchuib a mnā direnar side he is rated according to the status of his wife 516.5 . ii 394.27 . log n-ainech cach fuidire acht doer-fuidir direnar as a leth-[th]othchus, v 518.14 . na gradha tuaithe...ailsed nadm[a], no rath, no eteris, no gūfiadnuisi, no gūfoirgiull, no gūbreithemnus, no gūmes, no guin indilsi, no forlosccadh...troethaidh a logh einech umpu, i 58.10 Comm. dia ndenut guin, no fell for corpuib no colluib, fingal no duinethaighe, no etech daime, no adaltrus do graduib ecuilsi tesbuidh a lan-log einech iumpud fo cetoir curu icuit ┐ curo pinnet na grada ecuilsi ┐ ro sothut na grada cetna cinmotha in t-espoc, Laws i 56.24 Comm. ciasingba in ben as a mamaib ni fairben log n-ainech indi fir `if the woman falls from her obedience, it does not subtract from the honour-price of her husband' v 516 z . sechtmad lōge enig cāich iarna míadh, Corm. Y 532 . lān-lōg einig cāigh fo miad, 531 . Cf. dalbach dina tobngar dire n-ainech, ACL iii 294 § 7 . congairim firiu hErinn. nus biathaim gu cenn dechmuidi. fosuidiur a ndana ┐ a ndibergai. forriuth a n-enech ┐ a n-inechgreso amin I help (them to maintain) their status and (to repel) attacks on their honour IT i 141.27 = 325.8 . ZCP iii 236.4 . dodechas o M.A. cuice do cuingidh na muice do chabair a einich M.A. sent to him for the pig to help (him to maintain by his hospitality) his honour Dinds. 112 = IT i 112 . Cf. cit. from TBC-I¹ 534 , above. fó daig na rotubaide fria enech lest his honour should be aspersed IT i 121.30 . dús in fugebmáis tesorcain ar n-enech fri Ingcél, orguin fón orguin dorat dún to see if we could get wherewith to guard our honour from I. (that is,) a reaving to set against the reaving he allowed to us BDD 48 (they had promised him a return reaving and their honour would have been damaged had the promise not been fulfilled). na haithber ar n-einech, a I. (he had reproached them with shrinking from the promised reaving) 80 (ainech YBL). is messi thall cach n-accobor collaide n-airi na beth milliud enech daitsiu and, IT i 128.25 . ni fil imlot n-enig daitso and, 128.28 (LU) = issat slán-sa dot enech, 128.6 (Eg.). guin in meic ro mill a enech `that smirched his honour' (by embracing his wife) Metr. Dinds. iv 110.32 . do dígail ar mná ┐ ar n-ainig ar na Manib, TBC-LL¹ 4572 . an ferann in ro sáraighedh C. a dílsiugad dó 'na enech as compensation for his (outraged) honour Metr. Dinds. iv 268 x . MR 132.4 . olc do inchaib Ulad...na tri eclaind do thutim dib ┐ nad tabrat digail fair, IT ii2 214.51 . bid olc dot inchaib-siu (not to avenge the slaying of his servant), Laws i 6 z . Ériu ix 46 § 8 . foipremm ina ndegaid ┐ marbam...is liach on, ol M., ┐ is meth n-einig duinn inni sin a blighting of our honour ZCP iv 39.13 . cáemain, a rí... | th'ainech, th'agaid, ocus tabair Ailech d'A. `guard ...thine honour and thy face, and give A. to A.' Metr. Dinds. iv 116.103 . not áirubsa, ol in cainte. ro íccus dom inchaib indiu. aírfatsa Ultu it chinta. ro iccus dia n-inchaib I shall satirize thee [for refusing a request]...I have paid on behalf of my honour to-day. I shall satirize Ulster for thy faults. I have paid on their behalf LL 121a42 - 44 . RC viii 48.25 ; 52.12 . do ænig a fir, 48 z . Cf. ni herfaider dom incaibse ón sibse imme (reply to a challenge) LU 21a18 = IT ii2 213.15 (cf. 210.1 ). ro íccus do chind m' enig indiu chena, LL 121a16 . tanic F. leo dar cend a enig, daig ba hussu lessium a thuttim do gaib gaile ┐ gascid...ná a thuttim de gaaib áire ┐ écnaig ┐ imdergtha, TBC-LL¹ 3022.1738 . berid enech carries off the honour of (by satire, etc.) humiliates, shames: nicon n-etus leo fer du thuidecht ar a chend. is mebul hinnso, ol O. bertar enech di sunn they could not get a man to oppose him, that is shameful, says O. it will cause loss of honour IT iii 239.132 . ni cóir enech cóicid do brith ar ái óenḟir do thesbaid díb, FB 94 . RC viii 48yz . But in a different sense: dosmbidc Cú C. a Delga connach cæmnacair anmanna de duine na chethir ronucad a ainech secha fades C.C. cast at them from Delgu so that no living thing, human or quadruped, was able to get past him unshamed (?) (i.e. without being overcome, but cf. II (b), first cit.) TBC-I¹ 1745 . It was especially harmful to one's honour to refuse a request or to fail in any of the obligations of a host; to show churlishness towards poets or minstrels: meni tuga biad im dorn | berat th'eneach, Laws v 64.22 Comm. conattecht R. in clettín ┐ nad tarddait C. in clettín dó...rádis R. nobérad ainech C., TBC-LL¹ 2068 . TBC-I¹. 1336 (enech). Otia ii 78 z (einech). Cf. O'Dav. 1527 . co mberdais enighe Erenn, Ériu v 116.50 .

do-gní e.¤ maintains (achieves, satisfies) honour, reputa- tion: ar ái óenḟir do thesbaid díb oc denam a n-enig, FB 94 ( = hoc diden a n-oinich, ZCP iv 175 ). ba fearr lais a bās ac denum a enig inās a ēlud fo mebail, Aen. 3117 . nā bīd ...dobrón fort, ar dogéntar th'ainech ┐ ní bía fo mélai (Agamemnon to Menelaus), TTr.² 551 . dia ndernad enech fíal-Ḟind when generous F.'s honour was achieved Metr. Dinds. iv 42.34 . cia enech mór dorigne ? indarbad na nGall...'s ár ar síl I., iii 200 . denu-sa mo eineach don chur-sa ma doronais mo mieineach roimi treat me honourably this time, even though thou didst treat me dishonourably before Anecd. ii 78.16 . In: asbert Agmemnón nírbó santach immon ríge...léor leis namá connerntá [ = connerta, LL 406bw ] enech na Tróianda , TTr.² 1236 , Stokes's emendation conderntá is probably right, though co n-érnta (ernaid) would also make sense. In either reading the context shows the meaning in general to be as he renders it, `that the honour-price of T. be exacted' (i.e. that they might be compelled to render satisfaction fitting to their status. Stokes compares einach .i. eneaclann, O'Cl. ).

tiagait dia tir ┐ a n-eneach leo go home with their honour secure (they had maintained their reputation) Ériu v 32 z . Cf. dobert ainech ris he saved (his) honour thereby (?) Metr. Dinds. iv 94.27 (the meaning seems to be that by reaching the spot with the stone he had given satisfaction for the crime; see p. 102 ib. ).

In adjuration: for fír th'ainich ┐ t'anma, a F., asndíth cia cruth... !, ZCP iv 43.32 . ar ghrádh th'einigh innis damh `for the love of thine honour, tell me' TD 3.43 . ar ghradh h'oinigh [sic leg.], Atlantis iv 220.33 .

aís enig people of degree, nobles: mo dímiad-sa fíad...ǽs enig, SCC 41 ( = LU 49a46 ).

(b) One's honour could be harmed by failure to fulfil a promise or a guarantee, especially a guarantee of protection. Such a lapse was equivalent to failure to protect and maintain one's `enech,' hence the transferred meaning

protection, security, guarantee: here most probably should come: mad fíu lib mo ainech-sa do breith less if you think fit that it have my protection Wb. 14a4 (the gloss is not a mere translation of ut ego eam, but supplements it by the reason for Paul's offer to accompany the collection). Similarly: ní imdidnibter ainech and no one's guarantee will be protected 15c25 (if ainech is pl. the MS. reading is correct). tucad enech Pirr friu fri[a n-] anacul, Aen. 49 . ri feallus for einech (.i. for a comuirce), Laws v 172.17 ; 168.11 ; 368.8 . MR 190.8 . (Saul has promised David his daughter if he slays Goliath:) ainige fris... | a meic Cis...! | rót biat limm anige in tslúaig | ...enech Ioseph uas cech du, | Moisi, Iacob is Iessu | henech...os cech dáil | uaisliu díb (sic leg.) Dia Abaráim pledges for it, son of Kish !...Thou shalt have from me the guarantees of the host...the guarantee of Joseph, etc. SR 5841 - 52 . nā sāraig... | Maísi, Ioséph, Iacób | nā bris báig n-airech no láech | no ainech na fer fírgáeth, 6030 . co tartar glinne ┐ enighe frinn im anacul ógh ar muinteri, TTr.² 1803 . in tan do-n-athmongar cuir tar einaige fer, Laws v 506.13 = tar enech ratha, O'Dav. 980 . Cf. ZCP xiii 23.7 = Bürgschaft 11 § 35 . Fergus... ro rir a einech ar chuirm F. who sold his honour (pledged to protect the sons of Uisnech) for ale IT i 81.7 . gai Táidhg rug C. lais chum na mbroc ar co tísdaís...amach ar enech Taidhg. tangadar na bruic chum C. ┐ do mharbh iat . dochóidh Tadhg iarsin do chaithem na fleidhe bai ag C. ┐ do ḟetir a enech do choll T.'s spear C. took with him to the badgers so that they should come out (relying) on T.'s protection. The badgers came to C. and he slew them. Afterwards T. went to eat C.'s feast, and he knew his protection had been violated Cóir Anm. 239 . can comarci acht eneach B. fein, Cog. 130.15 . ar bith ainig Ḟergusa ara tanac because thou hast come under the safeguard of F. TBC-LL¹ 1884 . conaitig C. cucu a n-eneach no a n-anmain (the fulfilment of) their guarantee or else their lives (i.e. that they should make the defaulters for whom they were pledged give satisfaction or else lose their own lives) BB 389b14 = Dinds. 78 (a n-enoch nó a n-anom). crech lasin nG....for araill do chenel E. baoi for comairce Uí Thaircheirt. rucc O Tairceirt forra... ┐ marbhthar é budh deisin ag cosnamh a einigh, AFM iii 174.10 . ii 1138.5 . vi 2208.1 . Hugh Roe 248.2 (f. 66a) . riar Maol Brighde iarsin hi ccol einicch Pádraicc satisfaction was given to M. for the violation of Patrick's protection (i.e. for invading the sanctuary of Ard Macha) AFM i 542 x . tre miorbailibh na naem isa heneach ro ṡaraigh whose protection they had violated iii 54.2 . térna imorro Ua M. do eineach Chianáin gan mharbhadh through C.'s protection ii 1016.14 . AU 1123 (ainiuch).

ar (for) inchaib under the protection of: nach ingen macdacht...nobid la hUlltai is for a inchuibseom nobitdis noco n-irailtis for feraib in his ward RC x 222.131 . a athair...sul lenus sé in chalann cuil | go mbé in t-anam ar th'ionchuib, O'Gr. Cat. 446.14 . ar fhaosamh nó ar ionchaibh ar Slánuightheóra, TSh. 2717 . a ndioghail an duinemarbhtha...ro imir sé ar na daoinibh...batar ar a ionchaibh ┐ ar a ḟosdadh under his protection and engaged for his service AFM vi 2148.1 . ar inchaib a enig, MR 248.9 . Cf. cid hē nobeith and...nangonaind-se [nomg—MS.] ar inchaib Ulad even if it were he (his own son) I would slay him in spite of (?) the Ulstermen Ériu i 118.19 . Cf. is ort as chóir a chumhal | d'agra...lucht faghla... | do losgadh mh'arbha ar th'ionchuibh GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 564 . For exx. of ar (for) i. after verb of motion, see II (c).

ar (for) enech , etc., id. (properly only after verb of motion): is commairgi dait immar thanac...ar einech... Fergusa, TBC-LL¹ 1854 . techt don anam ar h'oineach, YBL 401b8 = Dán Dé xxii 21 . cecib tan docuirethar neach uaidibh for ionchaibh aroile gurbo hiomairgidhe laisiomh dul for eineach Fhélim, Hugh Roe² 8.25 - 26 ( ff. 4b-5a ). gabh ar h'oineach mé, TD 30.26 . Here, probably: toet for m'ainech-sa, ZCP viii 311 w . Cf. in slúag-sa bar th'einech ┐ ar do chommairgi, TBC-LL¹ 6088 . ar th' eineach dhamh I dependent on thee GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 510 . mé ar h'eineach 'sar eineach nGall, Studies 1924, 243 . TD 30.25 . a milled ar t'inchaib ┐ ar t'einech `if they should be destroyed in spite of thy safeguard and thy honour' IT ii2 123.48 . Cf. dochōid for m'einech ┐ for m'anmain airec co A....co mbúaib my honour and life have been pledged ZCP iv 44.29 . d(i) inchaib by the guarantee of; by means of: co tísad slán d'inchaib a coraigechta-som ZCP iii 206.5 = LU 115b38 . forócrad do B. fácbáil in tigi de inchaib na n-atairi on the security of his guarantors FB 13 (cf. TBC-I¹ 1243 ). ro leicceadh ass...d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh, AFM ii 1072.14 . Cf. gan timdhibhe ferainn for M. gomadh fiadhnach lasna comairgibh a chion, ┐ co ffoccarthaoi slán é d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh, 1072.12 , where the sense may be different: till he should be proclaimed exempt from the protection, etc. (?), and : eirgg es... dem inchaib, RC xxv 346.14 . nod ber as dom inchaib-si, riasu ba marb-sa, ZCP i 105.24 (away from the jurisdiction, peace, of?). With fír: nod gaibim for fir mo enig ┐ mo ḟaesaim, BDD 162 .

fo e.¤ under the protection of: do Thorinis fot ainiuch Tours is under thy protection LL 367 marg. inf. = Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, 25. 439 § 8 .

In some contexts equivalent to (c) mercy, clemency, quarter: dober einech don bharda, AU iii 522.2 = ALC ii 224.14 = maithemh n-anacail, AFM v 1334.13 (ann. 1516) . dia ttardta eineach ┐ maithemh n-anacail dóibh quarter and protection AFM vi 207.4 . techt for eineach Uí D. ┐ a óighriar do thabairt dó to cast himself upon O'D.'s mercy AFM vi 2136.8 . ticc D. disccir diairm...amach ar ionchaibh Meic Mic M. throwing himself on M.'s mercy v 1760.12 . go ttiocfadh for ionchaibh an Iustis `would surrender to the Lord Justice' vi 2300.12 . Cf. is truagh dúinn intí...do beith i n-áit édaingen ar inchaibh a escarad at the mercy of (?) his foes Expugn. Hib. 33 . mar atá airde na neamh ós cionn na talmhan atá a oineach comhmór sin don lucht ar a bhfuil a eagla, Psalms ciii 11 . ná bíodh ann duine do ṡínfeadh oineach chuige, cix 12 . Cf. loghadh (ón einech), IGT, Decl. p. 54.15 - 16 .

In: ro láithea for biastaib | la berga cen enech (`merciless ruffians') Fél., Prol. 42 the meaning seems rather good faith and the rendering faithless ruffians is more likely.

Honour was maintained by open-handedness, bountifulness, hence the sense (d) generosity, bounty, hospitality , cf. in ruidiud tic isin gruaid...is do sin is nomen nāire. fēile immorro ainm don einech bunaid, Corm. Y 983 : ainech coitchend cáich...cen diultad ri nech, LL 148b22 = KMMisc. 268 . ba mór einech in oclaigh sin...uair nír facaib ben cen a coibchi...gilla cen a dliged dingmala...fer cen a tuarustal ┐ nír gell i n-aidci riam ní nach comaillfed i lló, Acall. 4073 . cia díb siut is ferr einech...? is ferr einech in gilla, uair issé dobeir do chāch cach ní dogeib, 4623 . ZCP vii 304 § 12 . BColm. 98.24 . Cas clothach...cloth .i. enech. ar is é nech robo mó enech ┐ ba fearr im cach ní do iarfadh nech fair, Cóir Anm. 9 . ben robudh maith deirc ┐ oineach, AFM iii 414.1 . Acall. 222 . ar mbrath oinigh gach éinḟir, TD 10.40 . ZCP viii 109.13 . Here perhaps: roddet i nArd Macha...ainech aībhda ro mmac nDé delightful hospitality (?) Ériu viii 67.15 . an t-enech sotal soichlech | brondtach díghuind derloicctech (an attribute of the chief), Ériu iv 218.17 . ar mhéid a oinigh d'aoidheadhaibh, Keat. iii 1700 . ó oineach óir is eang generosity with gold and territory Ó Bruad. ii 152.10 . With do-gní: is romhór luach an enigh cidh cia do-ni, ZCP x 51.7 . an tré ghlóir dhíomhaoin doní G. an t-eineach mór úd?, Keat. iii 957 . With concrete sense: conid hé sin enech dedenach Guairi G.'s last act of bounty ZCP iii 218 § 37 = LU 117b18 . dontí do-ní an offráil nó an t-eineach so ar na marbhaibh, TSh. 5280 (cf. 4815 ). Phr.: tré dichell damhna lusa éigin dá faghail dúinni eneach cennach `for love or money' O'Gr. Cat. 120.5 . g s. as attrib.: sluag [sic leg.] an enigh the generous ZCP x 51.13 . With pref.: dobi se fíal degh-enigh, BCC § 136 . As compar.: ni tainicc riam duine ba degh-enich inās é more generous § 157 . ni raibe...duine ba doichlighi ┐ bú droch-enigh ina in G. sin more churlish or more niggardly § 138 .

esóc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esóc or dil.ie/20545
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: easóg, easóg

n f. a weasel or small rodent: easóg a weasel P. O'C. n s. an easóg , Levit. xi 29 . a s. gab esóc firenn, Irish Texts v 36.4 . g s. cusmailius coluim no esoigi a glegel, ZCP vi 92.28 . n pl. esoga ┐ bruic , Ériu x 145 § 2 .

1 inge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 inge or dil.ie/28638

 

Forms: i.

(? 1 ing) ingi .i. acht, LU 9969. inge ar acht, ata acht lium and `i.¤ signifies except, I make an exception here,' Laws i 52.22 Comm.

I As a conj.

(a) except: i.¤ intan bas rann int ṡillab `except when ...,' Sg. 25a1 . i.¤ nama asrubairt iarsin docuiredar marb for talmain `scarcely had he spoken ...,' Ériu ii 122.12 . i.¤ bid ainm Scéne bias forse | bid fert Erennán ..., LL 12b36 . ni comul fri nech ingi fria rig namma, IT i 142.10 . a chlerig coisc in figill | i.¤ fo a thrí notairind, LL 365 marg. inf. inge ná almost: i.¤ ná tíagad a huirc eicgi essi, BDD² 1233.

(b) inge ma unless, except: ol ní comacomol que i.¤ mad etarscartha `unless it be separated,' Sg. 75b5 . i.¤ mad la rig no epscop, Laws v 410.z . gialla fri rind ga i.¤ mad bes la cinel, 216.21 . i.¤ ma as do taetsatt `unless it was out of it ...,' 138.15 . ocus o bias, i.¤ ma ferr and when there is such a one ... only if he is better, iii 72.z Comm. ní rágsa ol se i.¤ má doberthar Findabair dam, LU 5718. nim torg ni aide aile ingé mad Concobur, ZCP v 503.13 . Fir Bolcc imorro ro machtait uile isin cath sin ... i.¤ madh beg, Leb. Gab.(i) i 150.21 .

II As prep. regularly folld. by acc., occasionally also by nom., which however may be due to the influence of 1 acht see Thurn., ZCP xvi 183. except, apart from: i.¤ .uii. nuasal churu nadat asu do thaithbiuch `except seven noble contracts ...,' Laws iv 210.1 . do neoch ro bo dír a recht aicnidh ingi a chreidim, O'D. 538 (< H 3.17, col. 433 ). i.¤ tri-baegail (sic leg., see Thurn., loc. cit.) n-aigneda, Laws i 90.y . ní fil i.¤ cethēora flathi issin bith, ZCP xi 86 § 44. ar a mbertar co na iarraidh uadh uile i.¤ bo bainde, cen ni do ria i.¤ aon bliadhen, Laws ii 176.y - z Comm. ota hindua co hiarmua, i.¤ cumal senorba `except in regard to the `c.s.',' iv 38.13 . céd cecha cenéla anmand oca i.¤ bruic nammā, Corm. Y 685. ni fil claideb ina intiuch i.¤ claideb craind, LU 5640. serc bethu cé is miri | ingi adradh Rīgh nimhi, Fianaig. 16 § 48. domessart i.¤ bec `ich bin fast schon erlöst,' KMMisc. 212.5 . ní deachatar slóigh ele ... i.¤ cenel cConaill, AFM vi 1962.2 . Used with acht : i.¤ acht (= acht inge, AFM ii 618.20 ) dī ōenbliadain | nī thesta dom thrī fichtib except for , ACL iii 312.1 .

III As interjection with adversative force, but ! nay !: i.¤, ol si, cid no taí, LU 1678. i.¤ táet ferthaigis fri Máel Dúin, 1803 . ? To this : ingé ropad limsa ol sésim adpand do seinm don cleiriuch (Eds. suggest reading itge for i.¤ but perh. transl. nay ! would it were mine to play ...), Mon. Tall. 131.28 . cia bad dóig diar tiachtain ? Inge ém meni tised in gilla bec, TBC-LL¹ 841.

sceith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sceith or dil.ie/36380

 

f. vn. of sceïd. IGT Decl. § 14 (69.6) . Verbs § 38 .

(a) act of vomiting, spewing; vomit : sgeith .i. teilgean no dortadh, O'Cl. scé. amal i[s] slán intí a mbí neim iarna s.¤ , Todd Lect. vi 28.7 . nirb' urail limm s.¤ cró ┐ fola sin ṁ-bél assa tic sain, TBC-LL¹ 131 . ac bruchtaig ┐ slamrad a fhola ┐ a sgeithi fora ulchain, Aen. 161 . iar mbualadh na sgeithi uaine `after being struck by the green vomit (of the dragon)', ZCP vi 295.28 . gan sgeith, Irish Texts v 6.22 . ? uas cuirrí s.¤ bruic ar bearaib, IT iii 100.17 . ar sgeith an moirmhíl don muir when the sea ejected the monster, IGT Verbs ex. 356 . s.¤ ḟola gush of blood : ba déra fola cech re fecht ┐ ba s.¤ fola in feacht aile, RC v 201 § 16 . interit apoplexia .i. o s.¤ ḟola, xvii 6.z. nocho toi[ri]sed a sceith fhola, Aen. 1119 . īar sceith[h] (sic leg.) a dēr tar a gnūis, ZCP x 47.14 . s.¤ ailt (med.) node, swelling near a joint : labrum anois don s.¤ ailt ┐ noidi a hainm tre Laidin ┐ is inann sin ┐ cruas bis a naltaib na cos ┐ na lamh, Rosa Angl. 204 note. da mbeid siad [mar] mesoccuibh no mar sgeith ailt, 206.19 . Of a fault in ale (highness?): indliged for in linn, s.¤ no seirbe (`its being tasteless'), Laws v 166.9 Comm . (see 1 scethach, scethaige). Extended uses: ag sgeith m'fhíabhrasa as m'inntinn (: deich), Studies 1918, 454 § 17 . 'ar scceith mo lámaidh is mo lúith with my agility and vigour exhausted, ACL iii 305 iv § 8 . atá an talamh féin a s.¤ a dhúthchusuidh dhe, Levit. xviii 25 .

(b) of the sea, etc., dashing, spurting: sgeith don tuinn altdorcha im ucht, Measgra D. 50.27 = Gadelica 12 § 7 . re buinne...rabhartha a sgéithe (leg. ag sgeith?) tre chanáluibh ...coradh (sic leg.), CF Eg. 162 . le garbheas...ag sgeith le hucht árdshleíbhe, 241 .

(c) of plants, etc., bursting out, sprouting: sginfe, s.¤ `thrust, bud, spring, rush', Eg. Gl. 558 . sgeith gach lan-toraidh re a linn, MR 100 note . ar sgeith (sic leg.) an arbha, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 32.18 . cná caocha...| tré nach faghar uatha iar sgeith (sic leg.) | toradh acht ainbhios uile when they open, Content. xvi 85 .

(d) of words, speech, etc.: ag sgeith blaismhémiodh, Desid. 4293 . Usually in sense of revealing, divulging : la s.¤ scél a annaig divulging the story of his wrong-doing, Fél. Feb. 16 . ar sgeith a rúin dia Domhnaigh `when...He revealed His love', PBocht 3.21 . is andsin dotindscain Sir L. for s.¤ a dubalach, D IV 2, 70ra27 . an té do righni sgeith (sic leg.) ar T[highearna] Inis C. (sgél, v.l.), Cín Lae Ó Meall. 48.21 .

séitig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. séitig or dil.ie/37013

 

Forms: sétche, seitche, shéitche, seitceda, seitcid, seitced, ṡeitig, seitchib

n ī, f. g s. sétche, Wb. 10a21 , etc. Later n s. seitche, Laws v 132.6 . a shéitche , DDána 46.13 . L. Chl. S. 51 . Later also with dental inflection: n pl. seitceda, Marco P. 53 . d s seitcid, D IV 2, 77ra46 . g pl. seitced, Marco P. 39 ; but cf. d s. do ṡeitig , Marco P. 39 . d pl. seitchib, 44 .

(a) wife, consort : manid co séitchi rocretis na tuic séitchi iar cretim gl. noli querere uxorem, Wb. 10a30 . ce choníis cor do sétche uait, 10a21 . fer oínsétche du na rructhae act oen tuistiu, Thes. ii 241.9 (Ardm.). is ed ainm setche samsóin gl. Dalila, Tur. 108a . tarraid galar séitgi n-alachta A., Trip.² 2345 . Ailill . . . ┐ a sétig .i. Medb, LU 2914 . ba sí comarli conírset sétig bad toga la Coin Culaind do thochmarc dó, 10161 . im dá sétig ind ríg. Ba híat rígna bátár hi fail D. in tan sin .i. Mairend . . . ┐ Mugain, 4219 . a mac ┐ a seitig, Mon. Tall. 86 (163.22) . indí . . . adellad ilsétchi `those that frequent various mates', 11 (132.1) . gach segainn cona séitci, MU² 198 v.l. (cona banshégaind, text). setig ind ríg `uxor Triani', Lat. Lives 57.10 . int abram hisin tugside seitig suaichnidh d'iarraidh clainni, BB 236a31 . in nī is adamraigthe do-rarngered dó ┐ dia shétig .i. mac do thusmed doib, PH 5686 . Gilla an Comded . . . ┐ Gormlaith . . . a setid pusta, Ann. Conn. 1314.6 . ni ar uaisli . . . fhaidit la a seitchib, Marco P. 44 . ro bui seitchi (.i. bencheile) sochineoil a dingmala lais, Études Celt. i 79.5 .

(b) a fellow, companion (regularly applied both to females and to objects of fem. gender; `it is the female analogue of céle though much less widely used', Plummer MS. notes): is samlaid ruc cach ben dia seitche ar écin, LU 8256 ( FB 20 ). imsloc indara súil . . . sesceing a setig co mboí fora grúad sectair, 6456 . gach nindliged tēs fuirre co ndeoch fora setche, Laws iii 76.6 Comm . (of two churches). tulcasad for deriud na cetramthan tusighe ḟor tosach a sétci, IT iii 26.25 (metr.). tanic buden aile . . . tanaise da séitche eter lín ┐ chostud ┐ timthaige, TBC-LL¹ 5204 . `na tair na tair' ar in chetchorr `eirgg ass' ol a setig, LL 117a46 ( ZCP xii 398.13 ). benaid cend ceachtair de in da inailte fri araile combo liath ceachtar de de inchind a seitche, TBC-LL¹ p. 878 n. 2 . raga í ndegaid da shéitche, Ériu i 128.4 (to a loaf, bairgen). dálfaid in ben a ssétchi chucund . . . `the woman shall send her mistress to a tryst with us', RC xiii 381.2 . déini mo chobair or sí fria séitchi (to her serving maid), SG 414.20 . cach righi ó ngabail co setchi from one accession to another, Leb. Cert. 110.17 . ón gualaind co seitci, Acall. 4080 v.l. (cf. on cluais co céli, ib.). Applied to males, companion, fellow : is iat adber sin an luchtsa anuas dono .i. ua Bruic cona tseitchib, Auraic. 3382 . cumachtu diabuil cona shetchib, LB 146b20 . d'Enda ┐ do Pupa cona séitchibh, BNnÉ 80 § 156 .

sideng

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sideng or dil.ie/37470

 

n (? cf. 4 eng) deer : fūabair boscell sidin scēill (MS. sceill shigien) `panic startles the heart of the deer', Four Songs 8 § 4 . eístecht . . . re nuallguba na con . . ., re selgairecht na s.¤ , Celt. Rev. ii 310.22 . iasg is sidheang is soill bruic ` venison ', Measgra D. 44.15 = sieng, IT ii2 128.160 . sidhin .i. dam allaidh. sidhin .i. ossfeoil, O'Curry 120 ( H 3.18, p. 74 ). `sídheann venison', O'R.

tamlaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tamlaigid or dil.ie/39995

 

Forms: tamlaig

v (—á— ?) g (tám ?) dies (of disease ?) : ro tamlaig B. ir-Raith meic Bruic , RC xv 307.8 .

2 togán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 togán or dil.ie/41162
Last Revised: 2013

 

n o, m. (dim. of togmall EIF 130 n. 202 , but cf. LEIA T-92 ) some small animal, sometimes kept as pet; squirrel (?), pine marten: a feōil tarra togāin, Bruchst. i 28 § 63 . in togān bōi hi carput la Meidb, TBC-I¹ 767 = togmall, 815 . is for gúalaind Medba batár immalle eter t.¤ ┐ én, LU 5296 = TBC-I¹ 818 . áth Méidhi in togain, TBC-LL¹ 1462 v.l. (togmaill, text.). na bruic ocus na doain (leg. togain), Laws iv 120.2 Comm. sinnach ┐ toghan, O'Curry 2125 ( H 4.22, 86 ). na dobrain ┐ na toghana, O'D. 2270 ( Rawl. B 506, fo. 23b ) = na dobrana ┐ na togana, O'D. 1686 ( H 5.15, 30 ). tógán re táoibh na coille | teid i ngoire don chúasan, Duan. F. i 33.15 . íadhais a ghlaic mo ttóghmann, 17 . tig ag tachtadh in togháin, 18 . fenntar go tric in toghán (: conách), 22 .

Apparently interchangeable with togmall, q.v.