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1 brat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 brat or dil.ie/6568

 

Forms: broit, braite, broiti, brad, -id, -da, bruide

n us. as ā, f. Later also broit. a pl. braite, Alex. 939. broiti, ML² 311 (if form is genuine). broid f., IGT Decl. § 14 (69.3) . brad m. (g s., n pl. -id, -da), § 38 (87.18) . See O'Rahilly Ériu xiii 169.

(a) act of plundering, robbing ; spoil, plunder, robbery ; captive(s) as spoil : amal dundgniat geinti dinaib brataib bertae `of the spoils', Ml. 63c18 . gat ┐ b.¤ ┐ guin daíne, BDD² 193. ic brait, ic borbgail, / ic slait ┐ ic sír-orgain, Metr. Dinds. iii 276.8 . a bhaclaig bāin imm brait on theft intent, Bruchst. 27 § 59. ar bradaibh na mbercc / rom-ain Íosa ard `against the ravages of the plunderers', Ériu iv 236.7 . co rugsat as a seoda . . . ┐ a brata `spoils', CS 206.9 . rorannsatt etarru in mbrait `the booty', TTr.² 168. ic roind na broiti, Ériu ii 20 § 3. berar . . . nas dáer na braiti those of the captives who are servile (in status), TBC-LL¹ 1696. do thriomsuigheadar a mbruid ┐ a mbótháinte leó `captives', ML 24.3 . siar ruc Midir in mbrait (: slait) báin `the fair captives', Metr. Dinds. iii 350.33 . broid mhór do mhnáibh do bhreith leo, AFM i 430.10 = praed mor, AU i 312.17 . b.¤ (: lat) ar n-erghe a hainbfine, Prolegomena 42 § 2 .

As defining gen. d'á breisim bruide by his overpowering onslaught, MR 292.4 . mna brodi, O'Gr. Cat. 12.5.

Legal presum. robbery by violence oft. coupled with gait presum. robbery by stealth , cf. ex. BDD² 193 above: fir ithus gait ┐ brait `of a man who eats (the gains of) theft and robbery' (not entitled to díre, etc.), Laws v 168.11 . cipe dib do ni gait ┐ brait, 54.23 Comm. nach athgabail do berur fri gait ┐ braitt 7rl. .i. . . . do gaduib . . . do braduib, 226.6 , 7 Comm.

(b) captivity, bondage : bruid, bráighdeanas, daoirsi, Eg. Gl. 57. cenél na pagán nobbérat i mbrataib as bar tírib `into bondage', Ériu ii 196 § 10. cor muidh forsna Gallu ┐ co tuctha iat fén a mbruit, RC xvii 361.17 (Tig.). co brait ṁBabilōin until the Babylonian captivity, ZCP iii 18.16 . ba sí bruit Babilone na hErenn . . . ba tanaisti na (no, MS.) bruiti ifirn, RC xvii 342.1 , 2 (Tig.). CS 226.20 . an inghean d'ḟagháil bhroide the fact that the woman was in prison, DDána 37.8 .

(c) In classical lang. in generalized sense bondage, affliction, hardship : an bhraid-sin nochar bheag dí ` grief ', Dán Dé ii 23 . na bhrad do bí ar in mnaísi, IGT Decl. ex. 1030. broid ar nach faghar faichill `a defeat ', Aithd. D. 50.14 . fúaradar uaithe broid `suffered hardships' (from the attack of a serpent), Duan. F. i 79.4 .

In chevilles: truagh an bhrad, Dán Dé xv 4 . anba an bhroid (of an injury to the foot), Keat. iii 370.

Compds. With nouns: berait bratgabhail moir do ḟeraibh et mnaibh leo, Anecd. ii 15.14 . dobeir . . . bratgaisced a muntiri leis he brings the weapons of his companions as spoil (`Beuterüsting', Wortk. 1 ), LU 8882 ( FB 67 ).

With adjj. : amus bratbertach, Dinds. 1 ( RC xv 281 § 8 ). (?) ós Bregmaig bratrūaid `B. of stout forays', Arch. Hib. ii 93 § 14.

breisim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breisim or dil.ie/6691

 

Forms: -m, bresma

n (with unlen. -m) f. n p. bresma, SR 8137.

(a) noise, din, uproar: a bressim .i. a brisgemnech ┐ a esgal (Coire Brecáin), Corm. 14. b.¤ .i. gáir, O'Cl. brāth, nī ba beg a brisim `uproar', Ériu iii 29 § 1. b.¤ , 30 § 13 . atchualasa . . . bressim ṁbuirb móradbail, LL 32195 ( TTr. 1384 ). rochvala b. thornige móre, TTr.² 853. presimb na sciath, RC xii 98 § 131.

(b) rout, defeat: d'á b.¤ bruide , MR 292.4 . dorat b.¤ forru co romarb ríg etarru `he routed them', TTr.² 1432. bresim brogda da thabairt do Mac D. . . . ar h. C., Ann. Conn. 1342.7 . roba móide brígh ┐ borrfadh na mBúrcach an b.¤ sin `were increased by this defeat', AFM vi 1880.16 . Cheville: bressim ngle, RC xxiii 306.21 .

immirge, immirc(h)e

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immirge, immirc(h)e or dil.ie/27872
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: imirci, imirchi, imirghi

n , f. (imm + éirge) (on the change rh(h), rch>rc in this word see ZCP ix 341 ; Ériu xiii 140 ff. ). imirci, imirchi, imirghi f., IGT Decl. § 3. imríghe, Éigse xxvii 74.1 . imrídhe, 76.49 .

I moving about, wandering, migrating, trekking, shifting (position) : dia talta de in cheirt būi uime, nī bu decmaing techt dī for imirgi a haonar, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91.21 ). techtai[d] faithchi i mbithbiat caírig cen immirgi without change of place, Críth G. 198. comicheach bis itir da tir dligid lan imirche has a right to a full passage (? for cattle), Laws iv 156.17 . atait secht n-athgabala gabur la Feine cid for imirgi even on a flitting, Laws v 260.16 . for imirge .i. for teithed, 484.23 Comm. intan ba háil do thustidhibh Senáin imeirghi do dhenam `when Senan's parents desired to make a removal (i.e. to change to another district),' Lism. L. 1898. imircedha ┐ aitherraige longphort `shiftings and changes of camp,' CCath. 3439. utmhall mh'imirce a muigh na Bóruime `restless my wandering,' BS § 45 . prespiter in t-ebra uais | ... | senior a laten malle | ní dereōil inn imirge shifting of sounds ?, ZCP viii 113.29 . immirge re ... Bruide , AU i 56.5 (=teichedh do Albanchaib ria mBruidhi, Tigh., RC xvii 142.x ). imirci neirt do dhenum do clainn A. an immigration in force was made by the sons of A., AU iii 252.16 . muintir Ruairc do dhul for imirce `the O'Rourkes went on a migratory excursion,' AFM iii 632.9 . ingantaighi eachtra ┐ imircedh in tsēipēil `the movements and translations of the chapel,' Fl. Earls 124.27 . dol ar imirce dá dhúthaigh féin, TSh. 7766. fhoráileas Críost ar na daoinibh imirce na haithrighe do bheith urlamh inimtheachta aca, 4103 . dochuaid Ádhamh ... go neamh ... 's a bhean araon ar imirche, Dán Dé xvi 24. m'imirce ní snaidhm mar so `thus my passing will be no anguish,' PBocht 23 § 50.

II Concrete for abstr.

(a) a moving body of men, a migrating tribe or household, a band of emigrants, a wandering troop: berthius Crimthand mac Ennae i n-Aird Ladrann fodes immirge na n-Deisse conid de ata Tir na Himmergi `C. sent the wandering host of the Deisse to A. L. southward whence the Land of the Wandering Host,' Cymmr. xiv 108.5 . iar tuidecht do Mac Con a Temuir cona himirge, Fianaig. 36.2 . anais Brigit frisin imairchi B. waited for the migratory band, Irish Texts i 13.40 . rob é lín imirce Mochuda `this was the number of Mochuda's train,' BNnÉ 298 § 40. anūair dobí Maeise mac Amra cona imairce ic techt tar Muir Rūaid, ZCP v 497.24 . is slan carra na imairge do fasta `it is safe to detain the wagons of the emigrating party,' Laws v 258.6 Comm. breith ar deredh na n-imírcedh `the rear of the migratory forces was overtaken,' AU ii 524.18 . in méit térna ó Gallaibh do imercibh cloinne Tomaltaigh ... do chuaid drong dibh a ttír A. ┐ do chuaid Ó D. fúthuibh ┐ nir fhaguib en boin aca `of all the droves' (here seems to include both people and cattle), ALC i 278.24 . rí Connacht do thionól imirceadh na ttuath `the flitting forces,' AFM iii 558.6 . do gheall Críosd ... | ag a imirche asbal, Dán Dé xx 6.

(b) Of moveable property, what is carried on an expedition or trekking, a drove, herd, flock ; chattels: ni rucfaider ind imirgi se for óenchoí, LU 5395. tucait a m-bóthainte bó ┐ a n-alma ┐ a n-immirge dóib, TBC-LL¹ 78. ar a mét ra thálsat na halma ┐ na immirgi a loim ┐ a lacht and, 1592 . masat cethra co ndath chethra | ní himmirgi óenbó, MU² 485. cét cach míl ohoin ille | ro pa mor in imirghe, IT i 125.18 . in raga lim-sa a ingen ? ... ragad egin ar an ingen . tucc ass t'imerge dono, IT ii2 197.7 . Of a single cow : doairthenn C.C. in Morrigan cona bain ┐ asbert : ni berthar ind imerge `this cow must not be taken,' RC x 222.133 . oc breth imerge re sluag `to collect cattle for a host,' Laws i 136.5 . in la ro fuaslaices Find ó Chormac ┐ tucus in chorrimirchi dó and gave him the odd drove, Acall. 4978. do chuirsiot a n-imirgedha a mná ┐ a muinteara i ndaingnibh, AFM v 1848.7 . Of prey in general, gold, jewels, etc.: nirba l[eór] la hAlaxandir an imerci ádbul sin do thabairt fó a chumachta fesin, Alex. 601. Of birds : masat éoin ┐ ethaiti iat ni himmirgi óenéoin, MU² 393. masat elta ... ní himmirgi óenén, 396 . In name of a manuscript ( Peritia xv 373-76 ): ro sgrib in sgribenn n-amrae .i. in Imirce Ciarain, Fél. 90.5 .

? 2 turtugud, turthugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 turtugud, turthugud or dil.ie/42547

 

n [u, m.] force, violence, compulsion (?). Perh. merely a misinterpretation of 1 turtugud, the glosses in O'Dav. and O'Don. referring to protection by force as opposed to peaceful protection: a turt[ug ?]udh .i. per uim , O'Dav. 1154 = asranar alle a lleos a toil a tolud a searbud (.i. argaid) a saitiud (.i. sermonibus) a turt[ug ?]ad (.i. ar écin) a togaothad (.i. do udéin), O'D. 2228 ( Nero A vii, 153a ). turt[ug ?]ad .i. coimēgniugud, O'Mulc. 866 . tortughadh .i. coimhéigniughadh, O'Cl. trí fuchachta nad increnat slabrai: a gabáil ar écin, a sleith tri mescai, a turtugud do ríg `her being violated by a king' (protected ?), Triads 155 . is é innsin do rochair lais d'á breisim bruide, ┐ d'á thurthughadh troch `overpowering of wretches,' MR 292.4 .