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bech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bech or dil.ie/5523
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: beach

n o, m., also [ā], f. See Gleasure, Ériu xxiv 186 ff. beach m., IGT Decl. § 171. f., § 39 . See Wagner, KZ 76.81 f. and Hamp, Ériu xxii 184 f. on orig. form and reflex in mod. dialects. bee: b.¤ gl. apes, Sg. 47a11 . síl ṁbúadach ṁb.¤ n-Erenn, Fél. Feb. 13. timthirecht b.¤ the to and fro of bees, BDD² 1169. cobair mb.¤ ┐ bu i noibiull (tasks exempted from the law of Sunday), LB 204b48 , cf. dol a ndiaid mbeuch no bóu a n-aibiull, Anecd. iii 22.8 . cen fhoche, cen chernuban, acht beich duillebhair Temhrach (during the sovereignty of Conn), Airne F. 343. nī rī arm acht arm bec beich the bee's little sting, Measgra Uí Chl. 149 § 18. Freq. in Laws, see in particular the tract entitled Bechbretha, Laws iv 162 - 202 . do tigerna in beich `by the owner of the bee', iii 434.5 Comm. cin b.¤ `injuries in the case of bees', 432.13 . tairgille ar bechaib the t. for bees (of security against damage committed by bees), iv 162.1 . foloingatsom beochu co cend mbliadna aithirruch, 172.15 . cetna breth . . . im chinta b.¤ for Conall (sic leg.) Caech caechsite beich (sic leg.), 178.13 . ili bethamain .i. beich, RC xxvi 34.3 and note. lut[h] b.¤ .i. sail sin ar a blath ┐ ar a canach (name of ogam letter s), Auraic. 5624 , cf. a lūth beach .i. blāth soilech, Anecd. iii 44.10 . dibech . . . . .i. . . . ni-b. quia apes in commune vivunt a non-bee, O'Mulc. 310. beich óghlána d'argain `plundering laden (?) bees' (of a rash act), TD 18.34 . beich gan mhil, DDána 81.34 . amhuil thiaghuid na beich a ndiaigh na meala, Desid. 6710. nid bheach nests of bees (being eaten) (i.e. honeycombs), O'R. Poems 164. léaghthar . . . nach bí cailg i rígh na mbeach, TSh. 9728. Fig. in phr. b.¤ éoluis, b.¤ éoil guiding bee: beach eóluis na héigsi Aodh / do chuir sí a haire d'éntaobh / . . . / fírbheach eóil na healadhan, LBranach 1 , 4 , see n. an éinbheach eoil (of the Blessed Virgin), Aithd. D. 63.24 .

Note also: beith beca bithaille ac dordánaigh ar na torthaibh `little bees', Ériu iii 156 § 9. Cf. 2 bethamain.

Compds. ¤adba apiary; hive (?): amhail teagoid beich a beachadhbha a lo . . . ḟoghmhoir, ZCP x 287.3 . ¤breth: Laws iv 162 see above. fintiu griain i mbechbrethaib isi deirbfine i mbechbrethaib tir bes da nesom fo-da-loing, 172.4 . ¤díbad: bechdibaid `mortality of bees', AU i 468.23 . ¤dín: im turorgain do bechdin, Laws i 166.27 , glossed: i ngait na cesach b.¤ , 170.19 Comm. ¤lann beehive: siubal na saithe mb.¤ os a mbechlannaib i lló ainli, CCath. 5887. foirched fírbeach a bruinnibh b.¤ , AFM vi 2224.3 . ¤lus: saithchi . . . b.¤ os bechlusaib `honey-flowers', ZCP vi 285.26 . ¤ṡlat (?): cath cro cearnach cíchblaith beach slaití, IT iii 89 § 116. ¤ṡlúag: Curoi ro hir dam . . . .x. mbeichluaigh (.i. saithe b.¤ ┐ lestra) buain bee-swarms , Ériu ii 3.11 . ¤theillén, see 1 teillenn.

bedg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bedg or dil.ie/5541
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: bidg, bidg, bedga, bidgu, beadhg, bhiodhgadh

n o, m. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 88.11 , GOI § 218. Also bidg. n p. bidg, ZCP xii 378 § 7 , bedga, TTebe 1539 . a p. bidgu, TBC-I¹ 1323. start, spring, leap, bound: bedhg .i. léim, Ériu xiii 77.222 . b.¤ a n-ailithre springing away towards (i.e. sudden departure on) a pilgrimage, Laws v 296.16 . a lelgad (sic) iar n-ar a mbeadg ana ceandasaib allowing them (sc. oxen) . . . to make a start out of their halters, 486.24 . ce fuachnaidh in t-ech risium, acht nar a b.¤ `through a start', iii 180.16 Comm.

With prec. vb. (see also s. fo-ceird, do-cuirethar): foceird Condla . . . b.¤ úadib, LU 10055 ( ZCP xvii 201.5 ). focherd Sūaltaim bedc imach, TBC-I¹ 3000. foceird b.¤ cucai he springs towards it, Fraech 190 . cuirither iasg mbrecc mbedg, Murphy Lyrics 52.9 (MS.). focherd bedc dar na tri lisu `he leapt across the three ramparts', RC xi 452.15 . foceird beadg de co mbai for bruinnibh an fir, Ériu v 122.1 . cuirfidh badhbh beadhg tar bord, ML 122.10 . dos cuiretar bedc as fa thuaid they spring away northwards, IT ii1 175.17 . See do-cuirethar I (c) ff. foling īach brec bedc, Four Songs 20 § 6 .

More generally rush, rapid dash; attack: brëo fri brūach, bruithnech b.¤ `thrust' (of a shield), Ériu xx 192 § 1 ( LL 18382 ). tucus scíath ba Dáire deirg / assin leirg dia ngontis bidg `spear-casts', Metr. Dinds. iii 122.10 . rob é in bidc rúanaid / gním n-uabair nEchach, SG 365.4 . go dtugatar ruathar . . . gur ba bedhg do'n mbráth a mbaramail, Caithr. Thoirdh. 45.36 . suairc don rígh don-roigne an bedhg (the feat of banishing the Goill), Cog. 96.13 . ba buadhach a mbeadhg (: Cearb) (in praise of princes), LMuimhneach 135.7 . sudden death, seizure; shock, fright: ar díen-bhás ar b.¤ / . . . / rom-ain Īosa ard `against shock' (`sudden death', Murphy Lyrics 10.4), Ériu iv 236.7 . bud í in phláig díbse is a b.¤ / in lám d'imbert oram, SG 55.37 . na fhacamar bidhg mar sin `a seizure' (of the sudden death of a horse), Magauran 1784 . an glór do thóg mé a raer i mbíodhg, Keat. Poems 94. cruaidh in beidhg (: Deirg, beadhg, v.l.), LMuimhneach 120.18 . tap .i. obann nō bidg (g s. ?), Corm. Y 1232 = Ériu xiii 23.24 , see also Corm. 43. musclais . . . asa chodlud ┐ dotaéd [do] (sic leg. ed.) bhidg (do bheidhg, bheagh, v.ll.) asin imdaig, FDG 37. subita morte periit .i. do bhidhg, AU i 158.6 (709 A.D.). ba marb do bidc oenúaire died suddenly, SR 7170. Seaan mac P. . . . dég do biodhg ina iomdhaidh `of a sudden fit', AFM iv 770.4 . as amhluigh thárla dhó . . . an t-anam do bhíodhg dá fhághbháil, Mac Aingil 1022 (leg. bhiodhgadh ?).

Compds. With adjj. ¤airlam: robuail G. builli bígurrlum ina bruindi `a swift, sudden blow', ZCP vi 81.5 . ¤ard: cur meabaidh . . . ina buindeadhaibh borbghloracha bedccarda (of a river), TBC-LL¹ 3911.

With nouns. ¤airde: bedgarrdhena báis `startling omens', MR 268.29 . ¤bert: roráid tre bedg-bert, Metr. Dinds. iii 344.91 . dul tre bedhccblaid brig gan glaid / co Delccnait na comaentaidh, glossed: tria imthecbt obann, Leb. Gab.(i) 44.11 . ¤díbad: beidgdibudh mor co ro la ár doeine ┐ indeli `a sudden . . . mortality', AU i 496.2 (986 A.D.). ¤labartha (pl. of labairt): ris na bidg-labarthaibh bódhbha `startling . . . words', MR 298.4 .

With verb: bráighe gheal fa ghruaidh shéaghainn | in uaigh is eadh bhidhgfhéaghaim 'a pale neck beneath a distinguished cheek is what I see in the grave and start in horror', Giolla Brighde 50 § 39 .

? teíd gan bhéim le beadhgoráin (: iongabháil), Aithd. D. 60.5 .

bruinne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bruinne or dil.ie/7117

 

Forms: bruinnech, bruinde

n io, m. (1 brú). Note g p. bruinnech, CCath. 5937. bruinde m., IGT Decl. § 2.

(a) Used in sg. and pl. in sense of breast(s), bosom, chest: for a bruindib .i. suis mammillis , Corm. 7. don bruinde gl. pectus, Gild. Lor. 200. b.¤ .i. cliabh, Ériu xiii 66 § 65. figor in bruinni `of the breast' (in symbolism of particles of the Host), Thes. ii 255.6 (Stowe M.). bís tar bruinniu ógae gl. uirgo fasciae pectoralis, Ml. 144c7 . beim a [ar, MS] bruindi `striking of the breast', Ériu xix 60 § 11. tara bruinde tara gnuis / tabradh airdhe cruiche Críst, i 193 § 3b = tar a broinde, ZCP vii 310 § 2. cech duine etc. is a bél ban (of the asa b.¤ monstrous posterity of Ham), Rawl. 76a48 (see Carney, Studies in Ir. Literature and History 109.20). la tabairt forgoba inna bruinni, LU 4369. donnochtat (sc. bantrocht) a mbruinni friss, 5199 (TBC). a ciche nochta ┐ a mbruinde (mothers lamenting), PH 394. do chuir lámh fá n-a bhroinne bhá(i)n `hoary breast', Ériu i 28.19 . brunni gabra D., LU 9684. urchur . . . co m-bói i m-bruinnib in fhir, RC xiv 243.7 . an bruinde mílla is maith dath `bosom', Ériu iv 218 § 24. don mhac shaor do bhí ar do bh.¤ (to the Cross), DDána 2.15 . Fig. Tailtiu bruine oenaig ain, LL 1008. osna gaoithe go n-duibhe b.¤ , Hard. ii 190.15 .

Note also: b.¤ .i. brod, ut est, b.¤ désghér ina láimh an armful , Ériu xiii 65 § 56.

(b) Less freq. in sense of 1 brú: nonbur cloindi . . . no dus beridh si gacha bliadna . . . do mac E. . . . o bruindi, BB 257b32 . cor torrach Muire mātha[i]r / . . . / Gabrial re bruindi nīr ben, ACL iii 244 § 12 ` womb ', Aithd. D. 49.12 . Iossa Crīst ar n-a duiniugadh . . . a mb.¤ na naomh-óighe, Fl. Earls 150.27 .

(c) In extended application front; centre, surface (?); brink; limit: co m-bruinde di carrmogal (priestly raiment), ZCP xxx 107.8 (Alex.). iaich Berba b.¤ `salmon of Barrow's bosom', RC xiii 46 § 29. d'iascc oc irsnamh na b.¤ depths (?) (of river), Anecd. ii 23 § 1. tar bruindi a lunga `the bow of her boat', Dinds. 81 (cf. 1 braine). co mbetis a mbruindi for tir ` prows ', Aen. 2432. a mbruinnedha (braineda, v.l.) i n-inadhaibh a n-errais, CCath. 1959. a bruinnibh bechlann from the interior (?), AFM vi 2224.3 . cos bruinde front foot (?), O'Mulc. 246.

Prec. by prepp. of position, etc. d'a brunnib from (in front of) it, Metr. Dinds. ii 80.11 . cissi daoire . . . acht ani rosiass diar mbruindib-ne in our presence (?), ACL iii 326.22 . gan lón do bheith fa a mbruinnibh before them, DDána 20.22 . for bruinnib Emna Mache on the confines of E., Corp. Gen. 282.25 , ZCP viii 217.13 . delc narcuid isin brot ara bruindib in front of him (?), TBC-I¹ 3367. fer for a bruinnib `one (dwarf) on his breast' (`breasts', Ériu xvi 38 § 4 ), Laws i 72.4 . for a brunni-si, Fing. R. 194. ar b.¤ slóigh, DDána 110.34 . ar bhruinnibh Th., Keat. ii 4584. cros dé bí . . . / ra b.¤ cach uilc fó thrí against every evil, SG 390.9 . fal fri bruinde in fir amuigh a bar against the man outside (plaintiff) (in recovery of possession), Laws v 500.15 Comm. re bruinnib a m-bidhbhad `in fronting their enemies', MR 154.3 . os b.¤ in Braga above (?) the B., MacCarthy 184 § 1 .

Of time: fri bruinni naenaig ar uin `at the approach of a fair-day', Laws i 202.22 Comm. ar chind ḟogamair / fri b.¤ buana, Leb. Cert.² 1078. ré bruinnibh báis at the very moment of death, TSh. 6188. With follg. gs. betha, brátha: for bruinnib betha in the world, Fél. June 29 . co bruinni mbratha ┐ betha till the day of doom, LU 6348 (TBC). fri bruinni mbratha, Rawl. 69a13 .

In n. pr. for banais Eoin bruinde, Ériu ii 200.5 . Eoin maith b.¤ `J. the loved disciple', Ó Bruad. ii 194.8 .

Compds. ceōla fer mbrundederg of the redbreasted robins, K. and H. 24. D. bruindi-gel ban, H 3.18, 730.26 .

See bruinnechor.

bruinnide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bruinnide or dil.ie/7126

 

adj io, iā (bruinne): ind etaig bruinnidi gl. fasciae pectoralis, Ml. 144c7 . Of harp: cythera .i. pectoralis in-bhruinnidhi .i. iarsanni sendair for bruinnibh , Hib. Min. 1.18 .

do-airindi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-airindi or dil.ie/17142

 

Forms: tairnid, toirnid, turnaid, do-n-rind, tairinn, toirind, tairned, tairinnid, toirnet, tairindi, tan-aurnat, do-airnet, tairnid, dofairnitis, dusn-arinntis, -tairniub, tairinnfit, -fet, tairnfidh, tairnebtait, tairnebat, tairndfet, rotairinn, rothairind, rotherind, theirin, rothoirn, toirnd, rasturn, turnta, do-r-airned, ra-turnait, tairniud

(* to-air-fuin-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 526 ) later as simple vb. tairnid, toirnid, turnaid. IGT Verbs §§ 54 - 55 . Ipv. 2 s. do-n-rind, FB § 36 Eg. tairinn, SR 6019 . toirind, RC xxiii 414 . 3 s. tairned, Ériu iii 100 . 2 pl. tairinnid, SR 7985 . 3 pl. toirnet, 4394 . Indic. pres. 3 s. tairindi, TBC-I¹ 2691 . tan-aurnat , Thes. ii 253.5 (perh. confused with ar-neith, see Ped.). do-airnet, O'D. 877 ( H 3.17 629 ). tairnid, FB § 78 , SCC § 18 . Impf. 3 pl. dofairnitis, TBC-LL¹ 184 . dusn-arinntis, BDD 114 Eg. Fut. 1 s. -tairniub, LL 149a31 . tairinnfit (leg. -fet), RC x 226 . 3 s. tairnfidh, Lism. L. 1051 . 3 pl. tairnebtait (= tairnebat + pron.), LL 308a5 . tairndfet, LU 9866 . Perf. 3 s. rotairinn, SR 859 , rothairind, LL 128a11 , CCath. 5428 , etc. rotherind, LL 308a3 (= Lec. 309va38 ). ro theirin , Fél. 222 . rothoirn, RC xxv 394.28 , etc. nir toirnd , CCath. 1449 . do thórainn, SG 59 . rasturn, LL 240a24 . Pass. impf. subj. ara turnta , TBC-LL¹ 409 . Pass. perf. do-r-airned, SR 4495 . ro turnat (leg. -ad?), CCath. 2571 . pl. ra-turnait, TBC-LL¹ 411 . Vn. tairniud.

I Trans.

(a) lets down, lowers: tairnid in mbial for a munēl, FB § 78 . tairindi Fer D. sīs in sciath, cotnūara Cūchulaind cusann gāi ōsin scīath, TBC-I¹ 2691 . Of plying a weapon: intí doairnet gai do feirg, O'D. 877 ( H 3.17 629 ). rastócaib leis . . . ┐ rasturn arna sluagaib lowered (? couched, of a spear), LL 240a24 ( TTr. 1733 ). do toirneadh leó-san doire do ḟeadhaibh chrannreamhra ... is na (leg. ris na?) bruinnibh a forest of (spears) was levelled against their breasts, ML 128 . Of unyoking a chariot: tairnitir a carpait, TFerbe 82 . ara turnta a carpat, TBC-LL¹ 409 . donrind sís . . . an carpat, FB § 36 (Eg.). rotuirrnadar a seola lowered their sails, CF 73 . tairind dinetan do fraig (.i. tabair h'aigid form), LU 2981 (= SG 225 ). maith do-n-airnem gnūis well we lower the face (in giving thanks), Ériu ii 56 . in fōd . . . ar a toirnenn a traigid, MR 198 . Lays down, deposits: turnaid a biad ┐ a lind dóib, TBC-LL¹ 136 . roturnait annsin a n-aes uthair, Cog. 214 . tuirinn bann dod bhaoithrebraid `impose a law', O'Gr. Cat. 457 . Transf. presses down, weighs down: rothairin talam hē, Fél. 222 Oct. 12 . With refl. pron., bends oneself, bows: tanaurnat in sacart fa thrī, Thes. ii 253.5 . Cf. cruimther .i. sacart . . . ón tairned thoirnes the genuflexion he makes, Fél.² xlv § 24 . a chlerig, coisc in figill, | inge fo a thrí no tairind (leg. not-t.), LL 365 marg. inf. tricha semmand . . . dusn-arinntis inna cend anuas, RC xxii 398 . LU 10048 : atchíu, tairnid in gréin ngil the sun sets, the construction seems impers. (unless nom. tír be supplied from foregoing sentence).

(b) Trans. and fig. lowers, abates, subdues, humbles: tairinn tho gail abate thy rage, SR 6019 . toirind do brotha, RC xxiii 414 . noco tairniub-sa mo brég, LL 149a31 . meabhal d'ar n-oes dana . . . na tairnett an ngaoith ndraoideachta, Leb. Gab.(i) 256 = nach tairnet in druidheacht, Lec. 28b11 . tocbaid lobru, tairnid tríunu, SG 18 . Tigernan toirneas is togbus tiri ┐ tuatha, Lec. 404a48 . airrter na tíre tairrneas he subdues the east, IT iii 69 . asar-tairned treb Temrach, Lec. 35b21 . rothairnfind mo bídbadú, LL 307b26 ( SG 387 ) ( dothairrfind, Lec. 618b9 ). tairntear nert Aithnensta desidhe, Leb. Gab.(i) 146 . Iondrachtach nár thoirinn tachar whom strife subdued not, Hy Fiach. 92 . ní turntar a onōir, Marco P. 118 . roturnat a n-ítu their thirst was quenched, CCath. 2571 .

II Intrans.

(a) in lit. sense descends, comes down, alights, bends: dá tairnad snathat a féci for airlár if a needle should fall, LL 263b16 ( MU² 232 ). oiléan i dtoirneann grian, Content. iv 17 . rothoirinn cáor theinedh do nimh for a.cend, BNnÉ 291 (rotoirling, v.l.). gur thúrnadar brain-eóin . . . ar chorpaibh curadh, ML 130 . do thurn an spiratt noemh orra, Maund. 85 . an t-arán fírinneach thuirn do neamh, Eochairsg. 54.z (do thoirnigh, x). rothoirinn a mbile na cille perched, BS 16 . rotheraind A. for a glúinib fell on his knees, TTr.² 1921 . toirnet dond altóir let them bow, SR 4394 . tairned cách fria chéle let each one humble himself (fig.?), Ériu iii 100 . táinic cuigi ┐ do thoirn dó, BB 234b37 . immá duma dess | hi tairndfet do chrois on which they will kneel to the cross, LU 9866 ( PRIA xix 534 ). ca drem dib ara toirnfed . . . toicthi na n-gliad on which of them would alight the fortune of war, MR 240.z .

(b) Transf. and fig. sinks, abates, is lowered, humbled: gáir nách toirneann go tráth gleac, 3 C 12, 78.2 . rotairinn a ferg, CCath. 3698 . atbert gurab gerr co turnfadh a tren his might would be lessened, Expugn. Hib. 83 . a ríge sech cach rotherind his kingdom has waned, LL 308a3 . do talmain tairind gach sean, BB 410b35 . cor thoirind i cath | la hAilill till he was overthrown by A., Lec. 37b44 . do toirnetar don tograim desisted from pursuit, Celt. Rev. iv 212 .

See tairnigid.

eros, erais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eros, erais or dil.ie/20327
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: eross, erus

n m. and f. (?) the raised part of a ship, poop, stern (oft. oppd. to braine `prow'): eross (gl. puppis) Sg. 105a2 . erus (gl. de puppi) Ardm. 189a2 = Thes. i 498 . 28 . gebid erus na luingi, Aen. 2410 (= puppim tenet Aen. x 226 ). a hearus a luingi, 1839 . i n-arus a luinge, 877 (= celsa in puppi Aen. iv 554 ). ethar bec...cona braine blongi, cona erus imme stern of butter MacCongl. 85.12 (LB). na himpam in curach, acht bíd a erais reme, LU 25b 35 = RC x 52.12 . in curchin beg...cona eraiss ierslesa, cona braine brechtain, MacCongl. 119.33 (H 3.18). co rabhatar na longa ar crithnugud otá a mbruinne co herrais from prow to stern CCath. 1937 (ota braini co herais v.l.) Cf. earais .i. deireadh: ó bhraine go hearais .i. ó tosach go deireadh, O'Cl. co rancadur a mbruinnedha i n-inadhaibh a n-errais (of ships), CCath. 1959 (a n-eras, n-eraisi v.l.). fo bruinnibh ┐ fo eraisib long, 2142 . Cf. suidi n-erusa seat of honour (?) ZCP iii 449.16 . erus céilli 'a ship's stern of sense' Ériu xvi 82.31 , PHCC xx-xxi 14-15 = YBL 180b24 . For: i n-erus, Thes. ii 357.17 ( Hy vii 63 ), see KZ xxxi 97 . Thes. Suppl. p. 80 .

ingantach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ingantach or dil.ie/28624

 

Forms: hiongantach, hiongantach

adj o, ā (ingnad)

(a) wonderful, remarkable, strange: tuaghmílu ingantachu di ór ... for a bruinnibh issind lénith, IT i 119.18 . mirboile ingantacha, PH 159. ciniud ... na ro odaim ... dochrati ingantaig ` unwonted ,' Cog. 52.21 . do-chonairc na sé hamaidedh tuathchaocha atuathmara ingantacha, Comp. CC 73.20 . biadh budh i.¤ ┐ budh ingnathach, RC xliii 54 § 55. is ro iongantach go saoilid daoine gur deacrach an ní ..., Donlevy 456.y . adv. rér dhealuigh Dia go hiongantach é marvellously , TSh. 5661.

(b) amazed, wonder-struck: do b'i.¤ go mór a thúismigtheoiredha agus gach nech eile atchonnairc é ar a mhéid do ba shubailcech a ghníoma, SG i 1.18 . féuchuidh ... ┐ iongantaigh go hiongantach `regard and wonder marvellously,' Habakkuk i 5. adv. adeir Pól go hiongantach in wonder , TSh. 5394.

See also ingnáthach.