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1 bruïd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bruïd or dil.ie/7090

 

Forms: brúidid, bruigid, brugaid, bruid, bruït[h, breuis, bruis, ṁbruithi, brúd

v later brúidid, bruigid, brugaid. pres. ind. 3 s. bruid (disyll.), LU 3632 ( SCC 31 ). bruït[h, LMU² 2 (43.16) (see Celtica vi 222 n.1 ). pret. 3 s. breuis (mbruais, bruis , v.ll.) (disyll.), Fél. Apr. 4.

Breaks in pieces, smashes, crushes : ronbris, ronbrúi, O'Mulc. 830 g . ro brúithea (-bruithe, -bruitib, v.ll.) i ndálaib `they have been crushed', Fél. Prol. 35. corodṁbroe rí betha bailcc, SR 5469 (see VSR 28 ). co mbruet (sc. gaetha) na fidbada, 8123 . lāignib lethnaib, buidnib / bruuis crīcha Carmain he vanquished, Corp. Gen. 3.13 . Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 27 . brūis srābu sīl Cuind, Corp. Gen. 9.8 , Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18 § 17. brūsius (rhet.) `he crushed them' (Notes), Fing. R. 458. brútir a gai ┐ bristir a sciath, LU 8876 ( FB 67 ). guro brúdh ┐ guro minaiged a cnáma, Mer. Uil.² 34. nos cerband ┐ nos bruend iat, LU 8881 = nos bruigend, FB 67 (Eg.). bruastar buidhne branendai, KZ xxxiii 83.11 . bruifet tria asna a tháeib, LL 8670 (TBC) = brisfidh, TBC St. 1158. Cnogba . . . / nísbrúa sár snomda slúag `does not wreck it', Metr. Dinds. iii 50.26 . rosbrúi B. . . . / a oenur tria immargail, 390.57 . cen chleith mbratha rodusbrú (: fothu), iv 194.15 . bruidfithí a catrachai, Alex. 231 = brufidhi, ZCP xxx 113. noberad buaidh o Grecaib ┐ ro bruifedh foraibh, BB 422b13 (TTr.). ro buail ┐ ro bruidh ┐ ro basaidh . . . iat `bruised', Stair Erc. 471. bruigid ┐ brissid muru na tond frisna halltaib `dashed . . . the walls of the waves against the cliffs', Aen. 228. lomarsat na bolga din chruib ┐ nos-bruiddís cona nguilbnib frisna clocho, RC x 76.4 . bíodh go mbrúighfeá amadán a moirtéul = though thou shouldst bray a fool in a mortar, Proverbs xxvii 22. gur brúghadh . . . na cléirigh leo `bruised . . . the clerics', Keat. iii 1430. brúittear é (= conteritur, Job xiv 2 ), TSh. 7590. bruar cach bidh do . . . no cuma lais cidh bedh bruidhes no do meala `whatever he crunches' (recte), Laws iv 354.12 Comm. ar son co mbrūidthear . . . a ngaili = stomachi compressionem, RSláinte 4334.

Transfd. dideirn (.i. dot gráin) bródeirg brufitir (rhet.), LU 10388. ro bruitis ┐ ro gonais cride ┐ menmain do banchumale, LB 233a58 . ro bruiset baig ┐ brethir / i cend demuin teithmir thruaig, LL 364 marg. sup. 2 . ná b(h)rúigh an trúaghán = neither oppress the afflicted, Proverbs xxii 22.

Intrans. gur bhrúghsad croinn a shleagh fá a dhornaibh `the shafts of his spears broke', CRR² 21.

part. a lestar ṁbruithi `broken vessel', Lism. L. p. 324.31 . giolcach brúite, Isaiah xlii 3. na dáoine agá bhfuilid croidhthe brisde brúidhti = the broken-hearted , Lk. iv 18. fuil Bh. nár bhrúidhte roimh bhíodhbhaidh, Keat. Poems 901. Cf. breóite.

Vn. brúd.

2 bruïd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bruïd or dil.ie/7091

 

v (? special use of 1 bruïd) expld. as forgets. In foll. perh. suppresses, turns down; overturns: ní brúifem (brudfe, v.l.) an núallsa `we will not forget to acclaim them', Fél. Prol. 304. ni bruifem .i. ni dermatfam brui .i. dermat ut est . . . ni bruifem anuallsa, Thr. Ir. Gl. 127. brudh .i. dermut: ut est [ní] bruidhfe[m] in [n]uallsa, O'Dav. 256. bruis .i. soais, ut est fath bruis a ainm, 248 = fáth bris a ainm, Ériu xiii 41.8 .

bruis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bruis or dil.ie/7130

 

n f. (Engl. loanword): an sgríobán . . . 's an bh.¤ `the currycomb . . . and the brush ', O'Gr. Cat. 597.17.

fáth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáth or dil.ie/21356
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fáth, fáth, fáith, fátha, fatha

n u, m. (W. gwawd. Orig. n. ? n s. fáth ngle, LL 17a9 ). fáth (ó dhá chéill) m. IGT, Decl. § 38.12 (g s. n p. fáith, fátha. See fáith).

(a) cause, reason; with subjective sense motive, object , oft. with gen. or folld. by explanatory clause with or without prep.: in cetadbar ... fath ele, PH 7429 . in cétadhbar ... indara fath, Aisl. Tond. 110.4 . fer cotnic brāth ... is les cach fāth, cech forcenn every cause (i.e. origin) and end MacCarthy 24.18 . huair nach toracht trēn in fiach ... is hé fāth in choluim glē | iar sain ro faīdi Noë the reason why N. sent out the dove SR 2599 . cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ aimser ┐ persa ┐ f.¤ airicc the cause of composition Fél. p. 2 ( LB 75a ). fath airic, Laws i 26.9 . fāth airicc a dēnma .i. do dichor in luin craeis, MacCongl. 3.3 . isse fath a denma (of a poem) Thes. ii 323.4 ( Hy iv pref .). más é is f.¤ molta ... dóibh if that be their matter for praise TD 8.20 . cidh fodera ... ? is é in f.¤ fodera ... this is the reason why ... Laws iv 84.14 Comm. isse fath fodera fochainn an tedma sin `the "causa causans" of that pestilence' RC xvii 416.25 (Tig.). fath fotruair, ZCP vii 305.27 . ro innisemmar in fath ar nách and roadnacht Cormac the reason why C. was not buried there LU 4087 . in f.¤ forar crochad Ísu, PH 2877 . ga f.¤ 'ma ra molais in fer sain ? why did you praise that man? TBC-LL¹ 3343 . ga f.¤ 'ma ra thogais, 3367 . cá f.¤ risi raibe ac fir bunaidh hí for what purpose the owner had it Laws iii 150.8 . ca f.¤ nach filet na demnu fomamaigti?, PH 2798 . cred in f.¤ ara feithim ? why do I wait ? YBL 401a20 ( Dán Dé xxii 4 ). ná habair ... m'ainm nó f.¤ mo shloinnte, Dánta Gr. 95.14 . co nadh fuil fáth h'íca there is nothing to heal thee (no possibility of healing) TBC-LL¹ p. 625 St [cf. under (c) below]. fáth oirbhire ret folt gcas | ní háil re Dia go ndearnas God did not will me to cause reproach to Studies 1928, 674 . ba fiú leis na fátha sin d'ḟuasaoid orra, ML 86.11 . fá hé f.¤ Bhlánaide ris sin, go mbeidis ... B.'s motive Keat. ii 3505 . With prep.: ar fath loitiche ind feoir for the purpose of injuring the grass Laws i 174 Comm. is ar an ḟ.¤ sin onoraighther in sollamain-sea, PH 5425 . ar díb fát[h]aib dorigset a carnd, LU 7034 ( BDD 68 ). ar dá fáthaib ro hordaigedh in tegdais, ZCP iv 239.7 . is fāilidh fiach dā fāth because of them ZCP viii 227.31 . isin fubtadh fo fath marbtha `for scaring for the purpose of killing' Laws i 178.3 Comm. his e Crimthann cinnes dar cach | fri fath fuilech for ends of bloodshed Rawl. 85b35 ( RC xxxvi 263 ). gach f.¤ asa bhfuighbheam neamh `all things by which I may reach heaven' Dán Dé xxvii 33 . ár bhf.¤ tnúidh the cause (i.e., object) of our emulation TD 25.6 .

Cf. aile dáilemhain ... fáth bris a ainm, Ériu xiii 41.8 . cf. bruis .i. soais, ut est fath bruis a ainm, O'Dav. 248 .

(b) subject-matter (of a composition) and in general sense subject, matter, affair: fri fileda fāth | fīu dā macc ḟīal Fedelmthe, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 14 ( Rawl. 124a30 . Meyer compares Welsh gwawd); 'the two noble sons of F. are worth a composition by poets', ZCP xxxi 49 . Freq. in chevilles: fath cen chlith, SR 6879 . f.¤ ngle, LL 17a9 . f.¤ co ngail, 299a4 ( SG 368.4 ). f.¤ cen dochta an inexhaustible theme Metr. Dinds. iii 20.1 . fath gin gheis, ZCP viii 107.16 . f.¤ ro feas `a fact well-known' ML 92.3 .

(c) wisdom, learning; maxims; skill: fath .i. fogluim, unde dicitur faitsine .i. faith, Corm. Y 602 . fath .i. foglaim, ut est ní acrat filid acht a firaib fer fath, O'Dav. 860 (= Ériu xiii 17.26 .) sruaim [sic leg.] co fathaib feith, O'Mulc. 537 (cf. fath .i. fis, ut est sruaim co fathaib feith, O'Dav. 916 ). Cf. fithcill .i. fath-ciall .i. fath ┐ ciall oca imbirt, Corm. Y 607 . fatha felmacc 'a student of wisdom (leech)', Ériu xx 38 § 28 . … fer fatha, Ériu xiii 17.26 .'… of the men of wisdom (learning)', ZCP xxxi 48 . The following seem to belong to this: cétdruí in domuin ri fath fiss, LL 143a50 . co fáthaib fiss `mit Weisheitssprüchen' (maxims of wisdom) ZCP xi 82 § 24 ; fri fáthaib is fri fogail `prepared against ruses and pillage' Metr. Dinds. iii 110.18 . fath ... .i. gliocas, O'Cl. dán ... as fuamḟoirfe fáth whose meaning is perfected in sound (i.e., perfectly expressed) O'Gr. Cat. 392.13 . pl. bam-sa heól, fri fecht fatha, | do sceól chert in chlíath-átha `through lore of battles' Metr. Dinds. iii 314.3 . furiud fáth `succouring sciences' RC xxvi 24 § 88 . tochmarc fáth `wooing science' 22 § 61 . ? fiad fath ` food of learning' 16 § 17 (see 7 fíad). fíad ḟáth 'in the presence of poetic skill', Éigse xxxvii 76 § 3 . ? Eocho flaith na fáth, LL 18a3 .

(d) a composition (?); a maxim, apophthegm (?): fath .i. aisde, O'Cl. Eg. Gl. 308 . `airbhe 'is `fáth 'da ainm d'aside, Metr. Gl., D 52 . cf. ar mo fath .i. ar m'aisti, RC xxvi 24 n. 15 . In composition, gen. in sense (c) with nouns: fáithbéim (a feat of Cú Chulaind) RC xxix 128.5 . Probably a scribal transformation of táithbéim ( LU 5973 . 9293 . 10343 ). ¤bert crafty deed (?): ag feithem ar ḟáthbhertuib Féidlim, ALC i 582.1 = faithbertaib, Ann. Conn. 1316 § 3 (ref. to the proceedings of an enemy). ¤chomairle wise counsel: fathchomairledha fellsam, MR 296.30 . ¤foghloim: (labrait) iarsin rath ┐ iarsin f.¤ , Anecd. v 25 n. 22 . ¤foras: fáthfhoras focal `mystic import of words' (?) Ir. Review 1913, 595 § 11 . ¤gleó: f.¤ feichemnais `recriminating quarrel' MR 298.13 . ¤imbert: ag fáithimirt ar fi[d]chill, Acall. 1387 . ag fathimirt fithcille, Ériu iii 162.10 . ¤rann `a witty stave' (a quatrain constructed with art ?) Triads 89 (.i. rann fáthach, gl.). ? ¤réim (a feat of Cú Chulaind): fáithréim andiaigh do rannaibh slegh, RC xxix 128.6 . Probably corrupt, cf. fonaidm níad for rindib sleg, LU 10344 . ¤rún figurative, mystical meaning: gurab é is f.¤ di (sc. a dream), TSh. 66 .

With adj.: ¤bertach: do roinn sé go f.¤ cách `with fore-sight' (cleverly ?) Duan. F. i 13.27 . ¤chomhairlech wise in counsel MR 214.20 . ¤rannach: ar mo cheird bfathrannaigh (i.e. my poetical calling) ZCP xii 384.5 = Dán Dé xvi 14 . ¤rúnda mystical, figurative: Eochairsg. 28.10 . do-ní Dia bagar go f.¤ san .29. caibidil ag Ieremias, TSh. 7802 .

sráb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sráb or dil.ie/38715

 

Forms: sraíb

n [u]. Perh. orig. n., cf. sráb tinedh nomhoidís asna saighdibh, Cóir Anm. 115 . Also sraíb?

(a) Orig. perh. stream: co mbátar lanaib lerggaib | dona srábaib srebdergaib (ref. to streams of blood?), SR 6780 `heaps of slain (or fugitives)', Met. Dinds. Gl. s.v. sráb, see (b) infra. In etymological gloss: Fiacha Sroibtine .i. sráib (= sraíb?) tenedh tucad inna longaib, Cóir Anm. 115 . See 1 sraib and O'Dav. 1491 s.v. sraibtine. fá shraoib ndinnlíghel ndroibhél `by some stream', O'Gr. Cat. 461.9 .

(b) multitude, host, herd, drove (of people, animals): srábh .i. iomad, O'Cl. brūis srābu sīl Chuinn (`Angriffe'), Ält. Ir. Dicht. 18 § 17 . anci[d] C. īatt uile | . . . ōn t[s]rāb dobōi ga celgad, BColm. 90.12 . fri s.¤ (.i. forlán, see BColm. Gl.) ndomuin bad ḟethmech `against the brood of the world', Ériu iii 96 § 8 `the common herd', Met. Dinds. Gl. s.v. sráb. tri dán tucsat for Raigne | s.¤ na Gallia `the populace of Gaul', Metr. Dinds. iii 194.6 . serb-dremm i rechtaib rúad-mucc | . . . | rosní in s.¤ sen-grennach `the hoary-bristled drove', 404.12 .