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1 áige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áige or dil.ie/916

 

Forms: ága(e)

n also ága(e). n., Críth G. Vocab . m., IGT Decl. § 2 . joint, member, part of the body: cach mball ┐ cach n-alt . . . ┐ cach n-áge, LU 6445 (TBC). cech n-alt ┐ cech n-aighe dhe, RC xiii 5.11 . corbó lán cech n-alt ┐ cech n-ága and dia grád, TTr.² 492 . fail sund á.¤ do churp ríg, Metr. Dinds. iii 190.1 . na fer fogla fri haga . . . .i. an gae do denum fri a memru, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). cor trascair M. . . . coro scor i mminagib, LU 6721 . ní ricfad acht do chnámi mintai ┐ t'aigi fodailte arís dochum longphuirt, TBC-LL¹ 1856 . co ro-cuir úad i n-a n-ágaib minta, CRR 50 § 47 ( LL 10029 ). condaralsat é na ágib, LL 22396 . nambrethed i n-aigib, Dinds. 42 ( RC xv 433 ). roscáil a chnáma 's a chorp / ruc cach n-ága co hard-phort, Metr. Dinds. iii 372.78 . ni roan don beist conderna aighedha fogalta feolscaeilti di, Grail 2040 . gerraidh a cuirp ┐ doní aighedha ega dibh, Stair Erc. 2314 . ?gur fhobair aghaidh fhoghladh ┐ fheolsgaoilte do dhenamh de (of a young bird attacked by the mother bird), Celt. Rev. x 138.26 . ní faca ball nā aidhi di cen crechta, Grail 1776 . ciat imdha ágha mo chuirp . . . biaidh cell im gach n-ágha díbh, ZCP xii 391.14 . ar lár gach áighe . . . dhíom, DDána 42.16 . Of a joint of meat: míach . . . fri haithchumba[e] n-á.¤ dia chethrai, Críth G. 190 . no rannad cech n-ágae cona chlaidiub, TBFr. 126 . trí haige bruithi and, Laws i 48.2 Comm. creic aige carrnu i n-a tech, v 284.30 . tuc ága ar cach mbir fosech, RC vii 300.159 .

baramail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. baramail or dil.ie/5382

 

n i, f. (Lat. parabola with infl. of 1 samail, see Breatnach, Éigse vi 341 ff.) IGT Decl. § 10.

(a) comparison, the like, match: baramhail don aon cath comparable with, Cog. 114.16 . ni fuair riem b.¤ an comlainn sin, CCath. 2968. as co cath in lai sin no cuirthe ar bh.¤ it used to be compared, 5587 . samhuil na baramhuil . . . do dhoishininn na h-oídhche sin, Celt. Rev. x 134.14 . baramhail dóibh their like, ITS i 80.22 . fear do bharamhla your like, O'R. Poems 418. maraidh bríogh na baramhla `the force of the comparison', Aithd. D. 94.31 . builli a baramail sin such a blow, Stair Erc. 1346. baile i mbaramhail doiséin a place comparable with it, L. Cl. A. B. 183.82 . uth bó bruithi do bior a b.¤ do cath-bhuidnib . . . Connacht he likens to, MR 124.9 . nir ḟed . . . baramhail do thabairt do churp an prinnsa sin could find no comparison for, Aisl. Tond. 134 § 2 (barsamail, v.l., 108 § 2).

(b) opinion, conjecture, surmise : b.¤ gl. opinio, Ir. Gl. 877. baramhail-saoilneas `an opinion, phantasie', Eg. Gl. 86. doreir baramhla na ndaeine nglic, Maund. 157. égsamhlacht bharamhla (= diuersity of opinions), RSClára 81a . baramhail ar bhráth (in list of impossible things), ML 98.12 . b.¤ aithgne partial recognition : ótchonnairc F. in cúicer sin uada tuc b.¤ aithgne dóib (i.e. they seemed familiar to him), SG 275.5 . baramhail aithne agam / atá . . . / ar do ghlár, DDána 101.45 . Cf. tugus b.¤ dod marcaighecht your horsemanship seemed familiar to me, ZCP vi 95.y . at annsa dia n-eccmaltibh baramhail forra `to recognise (identify) them', TBC St. 4662 and n. Note also: tucus do b.¤ doibh co raibhe edach cristaidhi fa droing dibh I recognized that. . . ., Maund. 257. thugadar cách do bharamhail gur b'iad féin do bhí ann, ITS i 166.8 . tug O. baramhail an[n] sin co raibh . . . surmised, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1228. ní thugaim bharamhuil gurab ó droichinntinn do níthear ní ar bioth I do not suppose, Desid. 2476.

Of (erroneous) religious opinions: dona tri baramhlaibh seachranacha (= tribus sectis), ITS xxix 174.2 . os baramhlacha iad . . . ┐ nach creideamh fire, Luc. Fid. 5137. 5158 .

(c) likelihood; expectation, hope : tásg baramhla `news to give us hope', Aithd. D. 65.1 . a hóigh gur bhean baramhail `a sign of hope', 65.39 . ar mhéd mbaromhla (quality of a prince), O'Hara 3012. ? ar bharomail fer nÉirenn, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 32 § 21. leis tír Bréifne ó bharamhail (of a prince whose father was still alive), O'R. Poems 9.

berbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. berbaid or dil.ie/5699
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: beirbid, bruith, berbad

v also beirbid.

(a) boils, cooks: mani berba gl. decoxerit, Ml. 46c15 . no-mberbthide (? leg. -berbfide, Gloss.) dam co tinde and, BDD² 1449. in ro berbais in saill `hast thou boiled the bacon . . . ?' Three Hom. 60.5 . fulachtad na feola ┐ beirbid in brocdan, BB 236b5 . ro hatád torc trichemrúad mórtheined imme co romberbastar, RC xiii 58.3 . ni berbamm salla na cárnai we cook not salted nor fresh meat, Alex. 882. cearca beirbthear a mbeacān eanbruithi = gallina cocta cum modico brodio, RSláinte 1851. (of a plant used in dyeing) is i berbthar tresin fual isin or mban co ndene derg de, Auraic. 5566. trí chaecait cét coire n-uma / i mbeirbthea mid maige Mháin in which mead of M.M. was brewed, SG 362.15 . is mor bruitheas a chuithe / gen co bruithi ani berbas (a whirlpool), Anecd. i 12.z (SCano 404). ro berbi ar ind usci boiled it with the water, Mon. Tall. 147.10 . berbhtar limsa ar lossraidh na cailledh é (sc. a small bird), RC xxvi 374.5 .

(b) melts, dissolves: ro berbai in cend in cloich co ndechaid treithe the head had melted the stone, LL 14172. coro mberb ┐ co ro dílég cech n-anmanna boí inti, LL 21138 ( Dinds. 13 ). coro mberb (of snow), 37006 . is leis ro berbad ór ar tus i nHerind was smelted, 2022 . Fig. do bhearbh an t-éag a anáir 'Death dissolved his honour', Celtica xxvi 104 § 41 .

Note also: mo brú-sa ris nī berba (B. na f.), ACL iii 310.11 .

Part. lind brīge ┐ biad berbtha, Corp. Gen. 87.28 . do æl berbthi of baked lime, Rawl. 74b1 . Vn. bruith, berbad. Cf. 1 bruth.

1 bil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bil or dil.ie/5877

 

Forms: -e, bili, bile

n f. g s. -e. a d s. also bili. See ZCP vi 438. rim, border, edge: bile gl. urla (cf. orla, orlum, orlus, Du Cange, urlo `to border,' Med. Latin Word-list, J. H. Baxter and C. Johnson), Ir. Gl. 191. Usually of shields: imma chromscíath . . . cona b.¤ áithgéir ailtnidi, TBC-I¹ 1917. crandscíath . . . iarnae fair co mb. chotut (sic) chondúala with a hard . . . edge, BDD² 810. dondscíath . . . co mb.¤ finddruini, LU 6560 (= TBC-I¹ 2045 ). bil chondúail crédumai, 8638 ( FB 47 ). b.¤ fri b.¤ (of warriors marching), 8705 ( FB 53 ). a chind do bualad dar b.¤ in scéith ar n-uachtur, LL 10738 ( TBC-LL¹ 3779 ). do scíath go mb.¤ óir (`golden rim', Manners and Customs iii 457.32 ), 10921 . tug urchar . . . cor ben a mbili n-uachtarach a sceith `upper rim', TTebe 4889 . cæcoit sgīath gu mbilib (n-imlib, v.ll.) ōir impu, ZCP iv 33.3 . co raibhi ar bile sceth Fir Diad, TBC St. 3241. sciath . . . cona bili orloiscthi fora drumthimcheall `its burnished rim', Aen. 1959. conda-sesguing a sgiath oda bhili go broin (= ō a bhili ?), RC xiv 256 § 2. co rascailt a sciath o bili co bord, TTebe 4276 . cor' bris in sciath o bili co brón, Acall. 6943 n . o biledhaib na mbrecsciath, Ériu viii 44.33 . Other applications: for a b.¤ `upon its (sc. a chess-board's) rim', Fianaig. 14.13 . brugh bile goirmdhéise is geal, DDána 119.36 . dá madh liom Alba uile / óthá a broine go a bile, Measgra D. 46.2 . ? (of `necklets' made of tripe) cona secht mbille do blonaig bruithi , MacCongl. 89.13 . ? lecca huara iar n-aire / baile for barrḟinn bile, AU i 392.13 .

Compd. (of a diadem) bil-cimsu oir deirg fris `borders', CCath. 4704.

? 2 bille

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 bille or dil.ie/5896

 

n cona secht n-epislib do chǽlānu . . . fo brágait, cona secht mb.¤ do blonaig bruithi for cind cacha hepisle díb-side, MacCongl. 89.13 , appar. seals on `letters' hung round neck as amulets, cf. epistil.

2 bir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bir or dil.ie/5934

 

Forms: beru, B

n n p. na beru-sa, Éigse i 86.3 . Mainly in glossaries and B. na f. and expld. as water; spring, well, stream: b.¤ .i. uisce . . . biror ┐ inbir ┐ tobur, Corm. Y 158. Berba .i. ber nó b.¤ ┐ ba . . . usce balb, Dinds. 13. `bior' ainm da gach uiscce, BNnÉ 235 § 156 . `bior' ┐ `an' is `dobhar' / trí hanmann uisge in domhuin, Metr. Gl. 12 § 15. as ionann bior ┐ uisge, O'Cl. dobur usce . . . nó b.¤ uisge isan bretnais, O'Dav. 745. uth bó bruithi do bior `boiled in water', MR 124.9 . fri do biur bus nairne, O'Dav. 202. b.¤ tipra nō srut[h], Corm. Y 121 s.v. biror. b.¤ tiobra, Metr. Gl. 21 § 70 , O'Cl. B. na f.: sēim nar bach na beru-sa (glossed .i. na huiscidi) mo c[h]odul (glossed .i. mo lethar) `these waters almost broke my shoes', Éigse i 86.3 .

pn As name of river: B, LL 11048 ( TBC-LL¹ 4226 ).

Compds. biorbhogha `a Rain Bow', Eg. Gl. 733. biorbuafan `water-snake', 732 . biordoras `a sluce or floudgate', 709 . .ix. ṁbunnsacha birgaissi ina laim `nine . . . osier-rods' ( SG ii 200 ), Acall. 3798 (or fr. 1 bir + gas ?).

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bó or dil.ie/6201
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: boin, bou, bo, boin, baí, b, báu, b, bao, Báu, b, búaib, bai, báe, boin, boin, bó, ba, bai, baei, búaibh, b

n f. See GOI § 60 , § 72 , § 340 . a s. boin, Corm. Y 1103 , Vita Br. 24. g s. bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . bo, Vita Br. 24. d s. boin (cf. a mboi leó do bhú, Hugh Roe² 36.4 ). n p. baí, LL 33395 (TBFr.). ba, ML² 34 (see O'Rahilly, EIHM 462 n.2 ). b, Hugh Roe² 46.y . a p. báu, TBFr. 395. b, Ériu ii 20 § 1. g p. bao, Sg. 22b11 , Báu, LU 5373. b, Thes. ii 335.1 (Hy.v), bó, LL 33391 (TBFr.). d p. búaib, LL 22315. n du. di bai , Ml. 2b11 . a du. dí báe , TBFr. dā boin , Corm. Y 1082 (prob. a neologism, GOI § 340.2 ). b.¤ f., d s. boin, g s. g p. bó, n p. ba, bai ( baei: cnai, ex. 1623 ), d p. búaibh, a p. b, IGT Decl. § 86.

Ox, cow: inna mbao (innabao, MS.) gl. boum, Sg. 22b11 . bō nomen de sono factum suae uocis .i. ainm arna dēnam d'foghar in gotha uodēin, Corm. Y 134. b.¤ gl. vacca, Ir. Gl. 159. buachaill b.¤ gl. bubulcus, 583 . bō a boue .i. is coitcenn aní as bós, ut est duo juga bouum, non enim uaccas dixit , O'Mulc. 161. domaincheass ainm do boin .i. dammainchess .i. mainchess bō, ar is cotcend do ceniul a mbos, 321 . dicitur . . . redg frisin boin mir, Corm. Y 1103. coro dart boin dia búaib, LL 22315 ( Dinds. 113 ). rocuinnig seom boin co B., Thes. ii 340.17 (Hy. v Comm.). blegon inna mbō fo thrī, 335.1 (Hy. v). co tucad na bu co Loch L. . . . dia mblegon, 334.43 (Hy. v Comm.). carais forglu inna mbō, 340.1 (Hy. v). bo blegar fri fit, bo co ngalur, bo ciss flatha no eclasa, bo brothcain, Laws v 260.2 - 4 . turcreic bo cona timtach tricha set, ZCP xiv 361 § 19. ite ainmead bo ara n-athchuir etc., O'Curry 250 (H. 3.18, 145a). trí aithgine in domuin: brú mná, uth b.¤, ness gobann, Triads 148 . eacmaing a bhái ana . . . do breith dolēic, ZCP xiii 172.18 . oc tabairt tānae b.¤ húait, Sc.M² 11. i rrechtaib b.¤ ┐ dam ┐ ech (rhet.), LU 8367 ( FB 24 ). rucad láeg mo bo fadéin . . . uaim-se, CRR 3. co mblighfidhe ó na buaibh / sáith f[h]er n-Ēirenn re h-aon-uair, ML² 138. cethracha b.¤ mbreithi mbalcc `forty strong milch cows', Celtica iv 12.21 . buachaill ag na buaib, Laws iv 86.3 Comm. gur f[h]āgaib gach bō 'gā bōthar, ML² 1255. no-chennachtís na bú, PH 4494. no-chennaigitis na bai . . . isin tempul, 4510. ar boin cach naidche ailes `for he deserves (i.e. claims) a cow every night', Laws ii 136.8 . ansom . . . bai briugad . . . teora bae i muin na trissi bo cows of a briugu (of interest due for use when given as pledge), v 400.20 . trí haige bruithi and, a dauim, no a boin, co na timthach di saill no charna, i 48.3 Comm. cuic ba imorro in gach indligedh athgabala `five cows . . . (is) . . . (the fine) for illegal distress', ii 100.4 Comm. in t-airi ard .i. da ba deg a eniclann, v 46.11 Comm. Bríg . . . is lé tomlachta na bae fothrí i n-oenló, Fél. 56.15 . cain Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, 210.33 . lenaid b.¤ odar eisium, ┐ corbo isin in Odor Ciarain (hence the name of the Codex Lebor na Huidre Book of the Dun Cow), 202.33 . intan dono no gesed in tarb bai ocaib no thiagdais ba in tire comfoco[i]s, Dinds. 142. ro ghad boin o Ciaran . . . ro innto an buin go Ciaran doridhisi, BNnÉ 109 § 38 . ní bhean boin do baintrebhthaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 509. luaith na b.¤ do bheith ar n-a hiodhbairt, TSh. 437. i gcuibhreann na mb.¤ fán bhféar (of Nabuchadonosar), 3464 . ó tharlais gan bhrat gan bhú, Measgra D. 27.34 . mairg nach tabhair bloigh na b.¤ / [san] chró [a d]taraidh 'n-a boin bheo alas for him who does not give (to God) a portion of the cow (i.e. some of his wealth) for it will be a whole cow in heaven, DDána 42.39 . ná bíodh aca choidhche, daimh, ba, ná tréuda cáorach = kyne, RSClára 108a . b.¤ sa bhoin `a cow for cow', Eg. Gl. 739. In legal contexts frequently a unit of value (Plummer MS. notes), see Binchy, Críth G. (p. 106 ): secht seoit sin da tecait ceithre ba .i. bo mór and ┐ se samaisce ar trí buaib, in bo riu, conid ceithri ba, O'Curry 195 - 196 (H.4.22, 8). naoi marg xxit do bhuaibh no darget `29 marks . . . in cows or in money', Trans. RIA xv (1826) 33.25 .

Of land: ined da boo deac di thir, AU i 288.11 (see Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi 286 n. 2 ).

In phrr. in various applications: b.¤ bainne, Laws ii 176.16 Comm. b.¤ blicht, Lat. Lives 103.2 . ár mbadh bhí bleacht, ZCP v 214.368 (Midn. Court). in bo derba `milch cow', Laws ii 162.8 Comm. (`cow of the (milk)-pail' (Thurn.), ZCP xx 199 n.7 ). b.¤ ḟind óderg white red-eared cow `often mentioned in early Irish literature as a choice breed of cattle,' Bergin, Ériu xiv 170 and Peritia xix 239-55 : roerbad iarom b.¤ find audercc dia taiscid ┐ ba slan di, Vita Br. 5. bo find ó. leo, LU 4410. secht mba finna ō-derga, ML² 34. dobert a máthair dí báe déc dó assint shíd, it é finda óiderga, TBFr. 5. b.¤ bháthair a stray cow , IGT Decl. ex. 1354. Note also: bo fri blícht, Laws i 122.10 .i. i n-aimsir lachtha isin tsamradh, 126.19 Comm. bó allaid (`stag', Plummer MS. notes), perh. hind: tuc fer boin allaid leis dia hidpairt, LB 152a58 . b.¤ féich: tighail .i. (sic leg.) crīch dédenach tairic in bō fēich cow paid as last payment of debt due (?), O'Mulc. 862. b.¤ ḟeisi (see Bürgschaft 66 , 78 ): ised slan ngell .i. ba fesi gell, tricha a lin . . . ┐ diabludh fiach for bidbuid cows of spending the night (part of compensation payable by defaulting debtor to his surety, kept in captivity by creditor), Laws ii 136.5 Comm. cu nícand dech mbu feisi ┐ logh einech, O'D. 87 (H.3.17, 73). b.¤ indláeg see indláeg and, Ériu xx 231 - 2 . b.¤ gabála a (beef-)cow levied as a due (see gabál): bo g. .i. mart, no in b.¤ méth, ut est athgabail b.¤ gabala . . . .i. in bo marta nó atgabail gabair im boin marta, O'Dav. 284. b.¤ lethgabála (expld. by O'Curry, Manners and Customs iii 519 n. 580 as `rate in aid of a cow (perh. half the cow's value) levied to meet the requisition of the officer for the relief of the poor' (i.e. the huaitne fonluing, etc.). dlighidh . . . boin lethgab[ala], 519.17 . b.¤ marta beef-cow , see 2 mart. b. threlóeg a cow having had three calves: .i. cuinnid co hobonn boin treloegh , Bretha 42 § 33.6 . .i. ni truma na inni ata ina thoirsiugud umpu na bo trelaog , 44 § 34.9 . tri ba inlaega ar da m-buaib tre laega , Laws i 102.19 Comm . b.¤ thúir see 2 túr.

In nn. loc. (see also Hog. Onom.): Campulus Bouis . . . Ached bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . o Inis bo finne, Fél. 184.18 . Bernas ṁ Bāu (= Báu, LU 5373 ) Cūailnge, TBC-I¹ 897.

Compds. With nouns: cin boainmead without bovine defect(justifying, if present, the cancellation of a purchase, Plummer MS. notes), O'Curry 250 (H.3.18, 145). bó-ár name of a cattle-disease, RC xii 428 § 17. boár .i. sgamach nó maolgarb (see bódíth infra) no galur righín, O'Dav. 291. iar dteacht do bh.¤ nó do bhó-dhíth chuca i n-aimsir C[h]ormaic mic Airt, Ériu i 89 § 36. bóbard seventh class of sóer bard, IT iii 5.10 . bobard dō, suithi ndebidi scarta la sen etir fod ┐ cuimri, etir trebrad ┐ sned, 28 § 67 . aisti bobaird . . . .i. debidi nimrínd ┐ debide scailti etir fot ┐ gair, 45 § 66 . Dond Cúalnge . . . / co ndernsat imme in mbó-brait ` Cattle-Raid ', Metr. Dinds. iii 370.8 . screpul cach bóbotha ` cow-shed ', RC xiv 430 § 56. Dari [.i.] bóchana, fedb, Gorm. Nov. 2. Cf. cain Darí, cen bú do gait, Thes. ii 306.28 , see Thurneysen, ZCP xviii 386. ro metadh blicht cacha bo-cheathra, MR 100.20 . See bóchar. go ndeachaidh do chosnamh a bhóichreche orra `to protect his cows against them', AFM iii 224.6 . crecsluaighedh . . . d'ar comairmedh secht cata deg do bochrudh of property in cattle, AU ii 506.20 . leisin mbréid sróllchon sénta / bóchrodh téid dá thaiscélta, IGT Decl. ex. 71. bruach do bhiadhfadh bóchuingir a yoke of oxen, Ó Bruad. iii 88.16 . ? ba flaith os chuan cach curaich / fo bái slúag in bo-chumaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.8 . ina bai bit a mbodaingen `cows should be in a cow-fastness' (i.e. at nightfall), Laws iv 96.25 . See bódela. at crothle garmilíne / at búanaind bodelbae in the shape of a cow (?), LU 8366 ( FB 24 ). bodibad mor fo Erind destruction of cattle, AU i 470.22 . doroine bo-dhibadh mór (of an invad- ing chief), ii 118.21 . (as epithet) Bresal Bodibadh, MacCarthy 302.9 . bo-dhíth mhór ind Erinn, dá ngoirthí Maolgarbh `murrain', AFM ii 1044.11 . earrach an bhó-dhíthe, ALC i 494.15 . bó-dún see badún. moch i.e. bo-erge lit. cow-rising (gl. buaroch), O'Dav. 215 (see Ériu xiii 14.29 ). no sechmallad . . . in ṁbeoḟeoil `the beef ', RC xx 262.19 (ACC Comm.). co tuc boghabhail moir a great prey of cattle, AU i 526.4 . nía boidb bógeimnech (rhetoric), LU 5326 (TBC). bōger ` beef- lard ', MacCongl. 79.23 . bogeltach faithche .i. fer meite coimse na teit tar crich . . . bogeltach .i. fer fogelta a bu a faithce ar cach nach déis etar coin allta ime . . . ni dligh dire na saire ` cow-grazier ', Laws iv 344.5 , 352.18 , 21 Comm. bóguin, see Wortk. 146 : (g s. as epithet) Enna Bōguine (B. ōtāt Cenēl m Bógaine, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 163.2 . Cf. Boguinig `the descendants of Enna Boghuine' (note), MR 156.10 . co ro slecht in buar uile, co n-ebert: "Is bo-guine andso ┐ bid [sed] (?) ainm na benni[se]." Unde . . . Beann Bogaine `a cow- slaughter', Dinds. 142. ingen in righ .i. Boguine a ainm-siden, ACL iii 324.7 . sinum lactis .i. genus uasis .i. bomilge `of cows milk', Thes. ii 48.30 . boogam .i. lilgach ar aicme bethi . . gamnach ar aicme huatha . . . samaisc ar aicme muine, Auraic. 5759. bō-otrac[h] cow-dung , Corm. Y 196. conamailt saill ┐ bōṡaill foa corned beef (?), Corm. Y 883 (76.11) . ethar bec . . . bōshaille `of beef-fat', MacCongl. 85.10 . boseiche ` cow-hide ', Laws iv 148.19 Comm. it séoit bóṡlabra[e] direnatar dó, Críth G. 120. tri cóecait cét boslabraidh ` dower-kine ', RC xvii 214.4 (Tig.) = bó ṡlabhra, Keat. iii 2243 . bo-ṡlechta `the law concerning cows', Ann. Inisf. 810. rith cana boileachta `des Rinder betreffenden Gesetzes', ZCP xviii 383.14 . cain boiliuchta (i.e. `the law that treats of cow-killing, cow stealing, etc.' n. 1), Laws iii 110.4 Comm. seacht cumala lana for fer nurradais mboslechta .i. iar marba buachalla, no airamhain. No is comlaithred deisi iar ngait, O'Curry 2440 ( Eg. 88, 36 ra. ) ` cattle-tracking ', O'Gr. Cat. 97 § 42. bosluaiged lit. host of cattle gl. mammona, Ir. Gl. 300. botheach ` cow house ', Laws v 514.35 Comm. bótháin cow raid : rohir dam . . . .x. mbuachailli botana, Ériu ii 3.14 . ron-íurusa im chét mbó bódána, BDD² 267 = bóthána, LU 6763. co n-immad ech ┐ bótháinte, LU 3911 ( SCC 42 ). no geibed Flidais . . . do bóthorud of livestock, TBFlidais 88 . co tí in bo dia botreib, BB 397b2 . in a bo-tuar (`cow dung ', Plummer MS. notes), Laws v 464.13 Comm.

With adjj.: bo-abartach, abairt amail in mboin `behaving like the cow', O'Dav. 316 ( Ériu xiii 29.10 ). brucchaid bó-cédach, BNnÉ 137.9 `with hundreds of kine', Keat. ii 4682. Bernngal Bóchétach, Acall. 5322.

With bú-: ? maccaim beca buaigelta (buaidhghela, v.l.), TTebe 1372 . Cf. bógeltach. a ccreachghabhala cruidh ┐ cethra broide ┐ búalmha, Hugh Roe² 204.32 . for buageltach ṁBreg (of Cú Chulainn), LL 12569 ` guardian ', RC xiv 398 § 1 . Buagelltaig, LU 9084 ( FB 83 ), cf. BDD² 1209.

See bárach, bóaire, bóbath, bólacht, bómlacht, bóraime, 1, 2 búarach.

brathlang

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brathlang or dil.ie/6594
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: braflang, braflacc

n m. and f. (brath + lang ? 1 loc ? `cover of a pitfall ?' Trip. Gloss.). Also braflang, braflacc. pitfall; treachery: doronsat maicc Láigsi cuithecha usci forsind sét for a chind ┐ b.¤ tairsiu, Trip. 186.25 . ar cathbarr cen duithi dath, / is brathlaṅg brúithi bidbad, SR 2690. poll talman . . . do denamh ara chionn ┐ braflang fair . . . conadh iet-som tuitis isin braflaing, TBC St. 4672 - 4673 . mani derntais . . . braflacc damsa for lebeunn in tige coittcenn ` trap ', MacCarthy 16.3 . tré a ndernsat orm do braflang, SG 262.14 . Attrib. g s. la bruth ṁbrathlaig with treacherous fury (?), SR 6207. cumad brécthechtairecht braflaingi do berad ` deceptive ', MR 168.6 . Braflang Scóine (name of epic tale), LL 24988.

brisc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brisc or dil.ie/6835
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o, ā brittle, fragile, easily broken: b.¤ .i. ab eo quod est priscus ar is b.¤ [cach crin ┐] cach ṅarsaid, Corm. 7. carnae . . . is b.¤ ūair is bruithi, ar is rigin intan is feōil, Corm. Y 261. arán briscc, Misc. Hag. Hib. 161.8 . bá b.¤ fidbad i llámaib láech, LL 32794 ( TTr. 2006 ). Of land, soil: ós Bairind b.¤ `crumbling B.', Metr. Dinds. iii 366.15 .

With more abstract meanings: buidhne . . . briscci . . . Bretan ` brisk ', CCath. 5367. is b.¤ . . . in gloir saegalta, YBL 168a30 . b.¤ . . . a derid unsolid . . . its end (sc. Roman rule), ZCP xxx 100.42 . conách diombuan / an domhain che briosg braithleaghtha ` fragile ', Dán Dé xxx 2 . mairg bias isin mbriaidh mb.¤-sin under that critical verdict (of Hell), ZCP vi 265 § 15.

Equat. goma brisgidir re barraib feda ag a tesgad do thuagaib as easily broken, Ériu viii 44.29 . Superl. ? ango dano . . . adfía basa lecht bas briscium, LU 7500 ( BDD 102 ). As compar. cid as briscim (briscidh, briosga, v.ll.) cuirir what is more brittle than the earthnut? (answer: a jealous woman's temper), ZCP xiii 272.1 .

Adv. réad do bhronnadh go briosc `to be brisk in giving', Ó Bruad. iii 196.14 .

As subst. senbrisca a salcha (read asalcha as in FB) má chossa dirty old tattered things, LU 8520 ( FB 37 ). Cf. senbrisc, s.v. 1 sen.

Compds. With nouns. briscbemneach na narm `the crashing strokes', Ériu v 238.7 . doringni briscbruan ┐ minscomartach din charput ` fragments ' (Táin 641), LL 8204. briscbrúar na clocend ica n-erlech shattered fragments of skulls, TFerbe 333 . With adjj. crínbhriathrach .i. briscbhriathrach, O'Cl. na trí badhbha brodla, brisg-dhéadla `saucy, impudent . . . witches', ML 118.30 . briosg-ghlórach ` Babling ', Eg. Gl. 105 (Acts xvii 18).

brúd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brúd or dil.ie/7067

 

Forms: bruüd, brugad, brúghadh

n [u, m.] orig. bruüd, vn. of 1 bruïd. Later brugad. In phrases somet. treated as n., see below. act of breaking, pounding in pieces, crushing; destroying; subduing; breaking, destruction; bruise : a bruithea gl. infirmitate (ref. also to id quod contritum est, amisa soliditate, etc.) of its crushing, Ml. 34a26 . a chomtuarcan .i. . . . a bruud, 27 . brúghadh, Eg. Gl. 56. díles n-indles n-airide do brúud liability or immunity for breaking a bed, Críth G. 227. bruud gine (one of Cú Chulainn's feats), LU 5972 = brúud g., TBC-LL¹ 2112 (bruth n-gene, v.l.). brud ngeme, LU 10342 = brud ngeunai (no gemi), ZCP iii 255.13 . bruth ngéine, LU 9290. Ériu iv 30 § 20. is b.¤ (sc. hell), LU 2452 , RC iv 254.10 cen cnaim da cnamaib do brud no do brisiud, BB 240a24 . comairt ┐ brúdh ┐ brisedh, CCath. 3619. ni raibhi . . . bord gan brughud (of ship in storm), CF 48. cen brughadh ┐ cin minughudh, Stair Erc. 1354. cin brú, 414 . b.¤ Banba (bru, brug, v.ll.) `the subduing of B.', Metr. Dinds. iii 200.15 . drecon bruthmar bruithi elta who crushes (warrior-)hordes, IT iii 32 § 4 , Bruchst. 10 § 13. ord . . . bruiti bidbad eside, Aen. 1774. ? ardrí Alpan art arand bag barand brúthi bairend, Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 20. in cethrinn uile gud brudh (= comprimere, Gloss.), Smaointe B. Chr. 1773. co tarngaire co brud, gell iar mbrud `by a promise till they break, and a pledge after breaking', Laws iii 14.14 . bruud n-immais .i. scailid immad roḟessa do chách, LL 24412 `diffusing knowledge', RC xxvi 22 § 63. cneadha, ┐ brúighte = bruises, Isaiah i 6. gen brugh mberga destruction (?), ACL iii 297 § 55. feoil . . . arna brugh ┐ arna cognumh co maith (= benè trita, n.4), Rosa Angl. 104.6 . mo ghreim gan bhrúghadh am bhrághaid `my bit, without being chewed', Tribes of Irel. 74.8 . uighi arna mbrugh trina ceile, maille baindi beaten up together, Rosa Angl. 154.7 . bilar do brugad tré bárr bláthaigi, O'Gr. Cat. 179.4.

Gramm. in bruudh fillti fogurda forbriste . . . otha in ainmiudh n-uathaid co foxlaid n-ilair ` articulation ' (Gloss.), Auraic. 905.

bruith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bruith or dil.ie/7138

 

Forms: -edh

vn. of berbaid (cf. 1 bruth) b.¤ f. g p. -edh, IGT Decl. § 14 (69.10).

(a) act of smelting, forging, refining: fri b.¤ slabra, LL 4985. ar b.¤ glowing , in a molten state, Dán Dé xxix 31 .

(b) act of boiling, seething, cooking: caire lulaice lan do lemnacht, do b.¤ do millsen, ZCP xiv 356.1 , Laws ii 254.3 . in feoil eillgithur is in coire da b.¤ , 30.15 Comm. roberbi ind usce am dechaid (read amail docóid, note) a trian sin la b.¤ `had boiled away', Mon. Tall. 147.9 . oc b.¤ bíd di feraib Hérenn, BDD² 1314. iasc . . . cen b.¤ cen fuine `without cooking', Ériu ii 130 § 99. do b.¤ (braith, v.l.) chuigni cooking (one's) portion, IGT Decl. ex. 63. Aedh . . . / dia ndēntar bracha do b.¤ malt is brewed, ACL iii 307 § 18 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 149 ). Fig. B. B. bruithi baga of incitement of contest, Rawl. 83a57 . déana mo bh.¤ / bí ar mo cholainn id chócaire, Dán Dé xxx 10 . do bhás ag bruth m'athtuirsi `thy death is boiling (up) my grief', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 332.22 .

Compd. ? tri derg charna, ┐ na tri bruith [carnu], ┐ na tri beo charna three (kinds of) underdone meat . . . well done meat . . . raw meat (?), Laws i 48.1 Comm. (see also s. bruithe.)

bruithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bruithe or dil.ie/7139
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: bruithi

io, iā part. of berbaid.

(a) smelted, refined: . . . do brondór brúthi, LU 6395 ( TBC-I¹ 1880 ). la aithgin arget mb.¤ `of the silver in bullion', Laws v 396.16 . o shalann bruithi , Irish Texts v 50.10 .

(b) boiled, cooked: intan īarom robo b.¤ in tairr, Corm. Y 825 (69.19) . sallcarna b.¤ `boiled salt meat', Laws ii 202.11 . nirbo bruthe in biad, Thes. ii 339.28 . usce b.¤ , Sc.M² 1 R. uth bo bruithi `a boiled cow's udder' (contemptuously of the Connachta), Ériu v 238.24 . As subst. bruithi ` boiled (meat),' IT iii 188.2 . na tri bruithi carna .i. adh . . . ┐ molt . . . ┐ muc a coiri, Laws v 78.4 Comm. (or leg. as compd. ? See also s. bruith.)

bruithid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bruithid or dil.ie/7143

 

v (bruith) boils, seethes, cooks: is mor bruitheas a chuithe / gen co bruithi ani berbas (a whirlpool), Anecd. i 12.z (SCano 403). i talamh bruiter in feoil sin `is cooked', O'Dav. 236. ingar ainm in bid bruiter d'ingein, O'Mulc. 768. Fig. as dúinn fos do bhruithedh ar greidil na croiche é (Christ), Ó Héodhusa 106.3 .

Other applications. da bruitfedh (bruith-, v.l.) ┐ da tirmochad [an grian] agaid na talman `would parch', Ir. Astr. Tr. 62.27 . robláthṡnaidh is robruith / . . . in tāthluim (see táthluib), ZCP v 504 § 4. nó bhruithios an gaile an bíadh nor does the stomach digest food, Mac Aingil 5689 .

Part. gomadh bruithte an fheoil amh ` cooked ', Aithd. D. 75.15 .

2 car

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 car or dil.ie/8199
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj c.¤ (gl. imfirmor) ` brittle ', Wb. 18a2a (a prima manu) but see ZCP vi 539 . gno c.¤ cnam marbda, O'D. 2216 (Nero A vii, 148b) = c.¤ .i. brisc . . . gno c.¤ cnaim marbda, O'Dav. 1028 . 406 . c.¤ cach mbrisc, Corm. Y 260 . O'Curry 94 ( H 3.18, 66 ). 1404 (634). O'Cl. carnae .i. c.¤ nūe . . . is brisc ūair is bruithi , Corm. Y 261 . ? Cf. tri nói gem carrmocail choir / ba foir 'na sreith ara lár `brittle', Metr. Dinds. iii 122.39 .

? Compd. carrannaigecht mhor ┐ carrannaigecht bec, IT iii 85 § 78 (corr ?).

carna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. carna or dil.ie/8242
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cernai

n [io ?] (Lat. caro ? Vendr. de Hibernicis Vocabulis). flesh, meat : carnae .i. car nūe .i. cesa nūa, is brisc ūair is bruithi, ar is rigin intan is feōil, Corm. Y 261 . ainm d'feóil cárna, Metr. Gl. 30 . c.¤ .i. feoil, O'Cl. is bran c.¤ comramaig, LU 8892 ( FB 68 , cernai, Eg.). alid carnai cach aire, BCrólige 26 . tri beo c.¤ ┐ tri derg c.¤ , Laws v 78.1 Comm. biadh la ḟíal c.¤ la mac, BB 25b34 = biad la fial c.¤ la cat, Leb. Gab.(i) 46.14 ( Keat. i 160. 60 ). dúaid iarum in c.¤ tírim, LL 21163 . ? cach midisi . . . i mortaidther mor carrnda .i. i mortaith mor cairnn, O'Curry 2144 ( Eg. 88, 2d ). ni berbamm salla ná cárnai, Alex. 883 ( carnu, ZCP xxx 144 ). c.¤ mairt, Laws iii 328.20 Comm. cárna samaisci, Fraech 226 . cuig ba na dicress carn[a] `not slender of flesh', Laws v 62.24 Comm. geiss dó . . . cárna a chomanma do ithi (of Cú Chulainn), LL 13884 . c.¤ mairmil `flesh of a whale', BCrólige 25 . c.¤ camull, Marco P. 186 . Of human flesh: nocon érnaba cerr ná chárnai dít asin taig, BDD² 547 . cárna caurad, TBC-LL¹ 4022 . rem c[h]ārno, ACL iii 310 § 1 . a ch.¤ crum (soul to body), PH 8255 . Cf. criothnuigheadh cosa ┐ cáirne `bodies', CRR² 29 (84.y). Of the raven’s cry: is edh adeir carna carna grob grob coin coin, Ériu viii 122.8 .

As descript. gen.: teora ba c.¤ three fat cows, Laws ii 200.25 . bé c.¤ see 1 bé.

4 ces

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 ces or dil.ie/8817

 

n (-é-?) haunch (of meat) (?); flank: carnae .i. car nūe .i. cesa nūa, is brisc ūair is bruithi, ar is rigin intan is feōil, Corm. Y 261 . don ces tona `a rump-steak ', Laws ii 232.10 Comm. cés capuill `a horse-steak ', Moling 53 = féoil capuill, ibid. do cesaib ┐ do croicnib mathgaman ` hams ', CCath. 2930 . Cf. césán.

? Compd: sruithi . . . / cesloma clama cechra, Lism. L. 4560 .

cethramthu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cethramthu or dil.ie/8929

 

Forms: cethraimthe, cethraime, cethrama, cethruman, cethraimhe

n n, f. (cethramad). Later cethraimthe, cethraime, cethrama (somet. uninfl.). cethratta, Críth G. 127 v.l. cethruman, Laws ii 398.18 . cethramha, IGT Decl. § 9 . cethraimhe (with optional dental infl. in pl.), § 3 . quarter, fourth part .

(a) teora huara cecha cethramthan di gl. quatuor partes noctis, Ml. 95d8 . teora cethramdin huare gl. dodrante, BCr. 25c1 . ind lethbargin ┐ ind cethramtu, Mon. Tall. 151.z . a tri a ceathramthu (of number 12), Auraic. 1448 = cethraime, 3059 . cethrumthu bairgine, Anecd. i 7.24 ( SCano 224 ). in tan rancutar cethrumthi in t-srotha when they were a quarter of the way across, Alex. 679 . maille cethramhuin úaire, RSClára 82a . cethraime fer n-Erenn, RC xvii 416.18 (Tig.). teora cethraimthi fer n-Erenn, xii 426 § 10 . don cethraimthi, § 12 . teora cethramthana (n p.), LL 2027 . nisfuicfe achtmad cethramthain, LB 242b85 ( MS. Mat. 633 ). in c.¤ thérna d'ḟeraib rige [hE.], LL 2034 . ceatrame do dhainibh, BB 37b15 .

(b) Freq. in legal contexts of portions of penalties, produce, etc.: lan ┐ leth, trian ┐ c.¤ , Laws i 258.z . sellach dosli cethramthain feich, 242.3 . ailid cethramthain a thoraid, iv 194.3 . teora cethramna, v 320.22 . t[ri] colp[ta] trín ┐ da cholpthaigh cethraimhe worth (liable for?) one fourth, Ériu xiii 45.13 . cethruimthi ratha, Laws iii 328.16 Comm.

(c) Of the quartered human body: roptís do renga rigthi ┐ do chetramain scaílte ricfaitís úaim dochom in dúnaid your torn limbs, LU 5660 ( TBC-I¹ 1183 ). na n-ágib minta ┐ na cethramthanaib fodalta, TBC-LL¹ 2979 . dorónadh cethramhna comhroinnte díobh they were quartered, AFM v 1676.12 . Note also: do bhúail mé ar mo cheathramhuin = thigh, Jeremiah xxxi 19 . tairfeith, ceathramhan, sliasad, Eg. Gl. 577 .

(d) Of animals: cethraime na muici no da cois na muici fo braghait, Sc.M² 18 R . ní bha bruithi . . . in mucc co indistar fir cacha ceatramhan dí, BB 262b5 . ceathramha deiridh . . . an ceathramha deiridh eile . . . ceathramha cind . . . in ceathramha eile, Feis Tighe Chonáin 553 . an madra agá mbíonn saoid sáighte 'na cheathramhuin, Párl. na mB. 1787 .

(e) part; district, quarter ; name of a measure of land (see Stud. Celt. i 15 , Manners and Customs i 153 ): isin ceathromain deisceartaig don tig, Ériu v 232.5 . c.¤ Tighi Midchuarta, YBL 419ax . an chethraimhe fa nesa di don chathraigh, AFM vi 2012.18 . dá cheathramhuin féin = to his quarter, Isaiah xlvii 15 . deich mba cacha cethraman, Metr. Dinds. iii 310.104 `quarter of land', Gloss. go ceathramhain Bhaile Bhiataigh, ML 110.2 . See Hog. Onom. Note also: do fhaguibh a mhuinntir ar chethramh san bhaile sin `left his men quartered in that town', Rel. Celt. ii 204.35 . gan cethramh do thabhairt do dhuine ar bioth to spare no one, 194.31 .

(f) As measure of quantity, weight, etc.: deich fichit leathuṅga . . . ┐ deich fichit cethramthan, TBC-I¹ 2231 . ceath- ruma co leit do siucra, Rosa Angl. 312.x . cethramthi n-ōil o cach aithech, Irish Texts i 19 § 5 .

(g) Metr. fourth part of a quatrain, line (see IT iii 128 ): for deriud na cetramthan tusighe, 26.24 . ín ceathramtana mor m̅c Adhumnain so sis, 92 § 139 (see p. 159). sé sillæba ina cethramnaib (of the metre rinnaird), Fél.² vii 11 . amail is cuibhdi comfada a ceathramuna, IGT Metr. Faults § 13 .

(h) In Laws appar. period of four days (cf. cethramad ?): a dligid for cethraimthain, Laws i 144.25 .i. ceithri laithe aicenta, 146.22 Comm. i forba na tri cethraman `the thrice four days', 148.14 Comm. apadh teora cethruimthe, 80.z Comm. dithim cethraman `a delay in pound of four days', 148.y Comm. dia cethraime `on the fourth day', z Comm. Cf. use of cuiced at Laws v 408.3

dám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dám or dil.ie/14472
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dám, dáim, dáme, dáime, dáma, dáim, dáma, daime, lán-dám, ríg-dám

n ā, f. nom. dám, later also dáim. gen. dáme, dáime (dáma). dat. dáim. n pl. dáma, daime.

I A company, legitimate number of guests, party, following, retinue . ni téige leosam dam no tascur tar dá fer décc, Laws i 48. 5 . ma dotí dam caem, 122. 7 . dá reib in fer ann is lándam muna raib is lethdam, ii 386. 12 . más co tomus in ḟir tancatar na dama is landam. más fo tomus na mná is lethdam, 386. 14 . fosuididter in ben lethdam in fir, 386. 6 . a daim dliged aice (comm.), 388. 12 . etech daime, i 56. 23 Comm. biathud daime, 142. 24 Comm. ii 388. 8 Comm. is cutruma in biad célsine ┐ biathud na daime, ii 232. 4 Comm. dia rucuidh imurcuid daime lesin flaith, 232. 6 Comm. an imurcuidh daime berur co tig in chéile, 232. 7 Comm. cen daim téchta, 388. 1 ; v 172. 15 . in cutruma nobia don daim, ii 26. 27 . dia tísit teora dama uaithi cin biad, v 122. 1 . má damu fuil agin flaith, ii 232. 2 Comm. coro láinbiathad daime a fir, 386. 9 . in flaith rochuiriustur na dama do chaithium bidh célsine, 26. 19 . má robhiathustar dama and, v 164. 13 . dál as chomtig fri dáma (gl. fri hegeda (hōegidu, v.l.), fri truagu), Hy. v 14 . dámḟial .i. fial fri dámaib, Gorm. Apr. 15 . is gess damsa dám oenmná do airitin iar fuiniud gréne, BDD 63 . fáilte fri dáma, Tec. Corm. 4 (l. 15) . orgain na dame, Ann. Inisf. 592 . srethugud a dáme for fecht féle, LL 187 a 44 . a biathad iarna dáim ┐ iarna grád ┐ iarna lín, 187 a 47 . ar bélaib a dámi ┐ a thascuir, 188 c 29 (cf. Laws i 48. 5 ). cen díl dámi resi without paying a company of storytellers RC xii 70 § 33 . giarb uathed do dám malle, TBC-LL¹ 4003 . rob uathad mo dám I was a party of one only MacCongl. 19. 23 . dám thrír, LL 207 b 5 . dám ochtair a lín, Dinds. 134 . dám nónbair, BDD 34 . cethrar lín a dama, Manners and Customs iii 491. 3 . seisser a dam i tuaith, ib. 496. 11 . ní théigead dam dimdach uada (sc. ón choire (choiriu) ansicen) FDG 408 . niba bruithi de acht daithin na dáime fana miad ┐ fana ngrad, ib. 409 (cf. Laws i 48. 11 ). gebe dáṁ dhúilech thí cusin nairchindech, Lism. L. 2711 . gráinid cride frisin dám sin, ACL iii 297. 7 . dáṁ a party, dining party O'D. Suppl. from Rawl. 487 . fail dáim nannsa inbar ndochum anocht, MacCongl. 87. 2 . ní ferr téit an dam ar (MS. indhamar) thicc, Rawl. 83 b 9 . dám ochtair, Todd Nenn. 48. 6 . na ndám as an epithet: Ádam...duine rodelb Dia na ndám, LL 136 b 15 . Diarmaid mac Aedha na ndaṁ of the retinues MacCarthy 416. 13 . Fergal mac Domnaill na ndám, LL 141 a 28 . anmand muntire na tromdáma, LL 27 b 55 . Referring to a single individual, guest : dám óenmná, BDD 52 § 63 . atá dámh is uaisli iná mé fein i focus accum .i. Find mac Cumaill, Acall. 5035 .

dám de...┐ dám (aile) de = cuit...cuit some...others (cf. cuit, foirenn). daim díb ar Colum Cilli dinnarba ┐ daim díb i ninad a sáraigthi siun i Tailltin ┐ daim i ninad trasci (leg. trascthi) na napstal i Temraig, Cog. 10. 19 sq.

II A bardic company, poets : cosbóir dílios gach dáiṁe, Oss. ii 296 . teach do dhénom do Niall...do díol dáṁ Éreann, AFM iv 706. 16 . post congṁála dáṁ ┐ deóradh, ib. vi 1908. 7 . ZCP viii 109. 17 , 22 . Gadelica ii. 101. 24 . romín an drem re dámaib, Hy Fiach. p. 216 . urra an drem dár ndámaibni, ib. p. 242 . ib. 256. 6 ; 260. 12 ; 270. 5 ; 274. 5 ; 294. 17 .

COMPDS. lán-dám Laws. oll-dám : nir bo olldamh oenmhuco, IT i 109.10 , ZCP x 369 . ríg-dám, q.v.

P. O'C. O'Br. O'R. and Dinneen also give the meaning kindred, relation, consanguinity, affection, friendship : dáim .i. gaodhal no báidh, P. O'C.

feóil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feóil or dil.ie/21641

 

Forms: feúil, feóil, feóla, feolo, feulae, feolae, feolai, feól, feoland, feulae

n i, f. n s. ind feúil , Ml. 22d7 . feóil, IGT, Decl. § 149 . g s. feóla, TBC-LL¹ 3616 . IGT, Decl. § 149 . feolo, Laws v 138.3 Comm. g p. inna feulae , Ml. 97d10 ( [f]eulae, 47c4 , feolae, Mon. Tall. § 51 , feolai, § 6 seem misspellings of g s.). feól IGT, Decl. § 149 . feoland, PH 6547 . Flesh, both of living and dead bodies, often of meat: distinguished from cooked flesh: carnae ... is brisc uair is bruithi, ar is rigin intan is feoil, Corm. Y 261 ; but this distinction is not always observed. ho rudeda ind feúil forsnaib cnamaib, Ml. 22d7 . céin nombetis inna saigtea inna feuil in his flesh 58a8 . feoil na fiacal (gl. gingiva) Ir. Gl. 150 . co torchair a fuil ┐ a feóil de, LU 10780 . eter feoil ┐ chnam ┐ chroicend, TBC-LL¹ 2188 . do chuir tú feoil ┐ lethar mar étach umam, PH 7457 . óenfer do cathim a sātha dia eóil ┐ da enbruthi, LU 3451 ( SCC 23 ). dogniad pars isind Chaisc de feoil, Mon. Tall. § 12 . roptar gallraigh ... las an ffeoil saillte serbhgoirt, ┐ la hesbhaidh úirḟeola salt meat ... fresh meat AFM vi 2210.2 . In abstr. sense: gaol fola nó feola kinship of flesh and blood Keat. Poems 1331 . atá anuile ḟeóil mar an ṁféur, 1 Peter 1.24 . pl. (gen. of flesh-meat, to denote flesh of different carcases): todlugud inna feulae demanding flesh-meats Ml. 97d10 . co caithdís feola mucc, PH 6569 . ethait féolo na cairech, RC x 90.20 . for féolai fine `auf das Fleisch seiner Verwandten' ZCP xi 85.2 . imberad a mblichtach do ḟeolaib they will use their milch-kine for meat TBC-I¹ 1135 .

Compds.

(a) with subst.: ¤béim flesh-cutting, butchery: so cuala in féolbéim issin glind, RC xiv 420.9 . feoilbeimenna na tuagh, CCath. 5920 . ag cómhmhaoidheamh na bhfulacht ┐ na bhfeoilbhéimeann, ML 84.9 . ¤chombach id.: dogniat fulacht ┐ feolchombach, Hugh Roe² 23 (f. 35b) . feolchumach slaughter Ó Bruad. iii 72 . ¤choscar id.: ag feoilchosgar a chéile hacking each other Oss. vi 98.12 . ¤étáil flesh-spoil: re fairsinge na féoilédála, ML² 1741 . ¤fogail: ar fheolfhogail ndeilg ` flesh-laceration ' O'Gr. Cat. 449.5 . ¤fuil (dwandwa compd.) flesh and blood: d'ḟeolḟuil an leinbh A. Ó Dálaigh li 16 . Gen. in fig. sense: gidh ionann feolfhuil dí is dún, Dán Dé ii 2 . t'fheólfhuil naoidhean the babe of thine own flesh and blood Hackett xix 42 (cf. fuil-feóil, s.v. fuil).

(b) with adj.: ¤gerrtha mangled: ina ffaoinlighe ... ḟeoilgherrta, AFM vi 226 y . ¤minraigthe: blogha ... feoil-mhionraighthe ` flesh-besmeared ' ML 132.16 . ¤scaílte flesh-scattered, hacked to pieces: aighedha ... feolscaeilti, D IV 2, 73[63]v a 43 .

See also feólbach, —char, —dénmaid.

1 fulacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fulacht or dil.ie/24930

 

Forms: -aicht, -achta

n u, m. (cf. fulacht m. g s. -aicht and -achta, given under decl. of beandacht, but proscribed as a faulty form, IGT, Decl. § 25 ). The original sense is uncertain ; recess, cavity (?) ; cf. caide i nduine aitreibh an ghotha ? .i. i bfulachtaibh taoibh ┐ tromchridhe, Ériu xiii 36.5 . 24 . ceithre huide [an ghotha] .i. a f.¤ go druim, a druim go bruinne, a bruinne go braighe, a braighe go beola, 36 . im-foilge guth i bfulachtaibh taoibh, 37.21 (= i bfolachtaibh toib, O'Dav. 1094 ).

Freq. in the meaning cooking-pit, fireplace (usually out of doors, in a wood), hence also the act of cooking, esp. roasting or baking: co n-accai in fer ocond ḟulucht i mmedón ind feda ... oc funi in tuircc, LU 4948 . o ro ṡernad Noísi ... fulocht for feda fianchlar | millsiu cach biud ... | araralad mac U., LL 261a25 ( LMU 17 ). (in list of common rights in a territory :) f.¤ cacha chaille .i. in ni ara ndentar f.¤ isin caill .i. ind[i]uin (see indeóin), Laws v 482.26 (484.12) . ag ... for fulucht ... ag ... inbruithe `a calf ... to be roasted ... a calf ... to be boiled ii 252y ( SM Facs. 31a , ZCP xiv 355 ). triar oc dénam fulochta (in an `imda') LU 7658 ( BDD 123 ). (in an encampment :) do hordaigheadh aca ... a bhfeasa ┐ a bhfulachta `their feasts and their cookings' ML 76.13 (1079) . fianbotha folachta, Cog. 60. 10 . dogniat ... fianbotha f.¤ ┐ feolchombach, Hugh Roe 132.11 (f.35b) . eoin a doiribh ... | rosoichtís f.¤ Fénne, Acall. 732 . ainm in chiuil dignitis na fianae um an bf.¤ fiansae, Corm. Y 562 . saigid folachtai co tinntud uad dot tig (a journey permitted on Sunday) LB 204b40 = s. foluchta, Anecd. iii 22 . ce atagtha for fulochtu iarum conusnesta ina carnu `on cooking-hearths' Ériu ii 122 § 63 . cf. um Dheirg ... dar cheird ... falocht i bhfinnḟeadhaibh, DDána 83.21 . i fianboith folachtae i ccuas cairrgi (where the outlawed Earl of Desmond was captured in 1583) AFM v 1794.1 . cf. féarbhoth [fian-, Atk.] fhulachta ` cooking-booth ' TSh. 5946 (disparaging simile of the world). folach fiann .i. both folachta, Laws i 206.4 Comm. `inadh fulachta so', ar F., `┐ is cian o dorindedh'. `Is fír, ar C., `┐ f.¤ na Morrighna so, ┐ ní déntá gan uisci', Lism. L. xliii . fulacht na Morrigna in so .i. blogh di feoil huim ┐ araili di ḟeoil ḟonaithi ┐ mir n-immi irse ┐ ni legad a n-im ┐ ba fonaithi a n-om ┐ ni ba loiscthi an bruithi ┐ moale nobitis a triur for in mbir, YBL 419a12 . Cf Fulacht na Morrigna and so .i. crand a roth ┐ crand a mol edtir teine ┐ uisci ┐ iarand a corp ┐ da nai rethlen as an moil sin, etc. Celt. Rev. viii 74 . cf. also Triads 120 . isind crand fulucht fianachta `the appropriated tree' Laws i 206.12 Comm. (referring to : im crand ngabala bis i ndithrib, 202.2 ; leg. crand-fulacht or crand fulachta ?). oc fulucht draidechtae brewing magic potions RC xii 100 § 133 . dē en foulachtae the fumes of the concoction, ib. bidh e an t-ionadh ainglidhe | a mbia fian bān i foluc[h]t, BNnÉ 193 § 13 .

By extension, the contents of the pit, food cooked: ba do gessib Con C. cen adall fulachta dia chaithim, LL 120a 14 . dia mbad ḟulocht mór nobeth and ib. 18 . co mbert a f.¤ n-uadaib carried off the food they had cooked RC xxv 344.3 . ba ferr folacht Formáoile | tri cháoga damh ... um cháoga muc, Duan. F. i 15.11 . ollamh re fagháil fulachta (= praeparatis ad escam) TSh. 7996 .

In later times certain spots were popularly called fulachta Fian (na bhF.) : do bhíodh do mhéid na dteinnte-se go bhfuilid a láithreacha dubhloiscthe i mórán d'áitibh i nÉirinn aniú ┐ is diobh ghairmid na criadhaireadha Fulacht Fian, Keat. ii 5113 .

The phrase FOR F.¤ camping ; in hiding is perhaps another extension : Ri dochoid fecht for folocht | ... diaro chind Iudas in mbrath | dia mbui i nGlind Iosofath, SR 7737 (hardly a ref. to the Last Supper, as suggested Duan. F. iii . More probably to Gethsemane). But a commoner word for this is folachta, q.v.

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