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ad-annai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-annai or dil.ie/297
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: adannaí, asidannai, adannat, ad-andaither, adantar, adaind, adhannaitis, -adandad, -rohadanta, adandaba, adand, adnai, adrann, and, atrandsat, adrannad, hadnad, adannaid, adnaid, adannta, adannad, adnad, adaint

v ( ad-and-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 457 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. adannaí, Trip.² 451 . rel. asidannai, Trip.² 458 . 3 pl. adannat, Triads 86 . Pass. sg. ad-andaither (adainter, v.l.), BDD² 1408 . adantar , Anecd. iii 34.9 . Ipv. 2 s. adaind, Corm. Y 825 . Indic. impf. pass. pl. adhannaitis, Ériu ii 100 § 4 . Subj. impf. 3 s. -adandad, TTebe 582 . Pass. sg. -rohadanta, Anecd. iii 34.6 . Fut. 3 s. adandaba (atandafa v.l.), ZCP xiii 379.10 . pret. and perf. 3 s. adand, Gael. 50, 124 ( Blathm. 113 ). adnai, BB 414b27 . adrann, SR 7921 . ro and , LL 184a15 . 3 pl. atrandsat, Immrama 54 § 7 . Pass. sg. adrannad (adrandad v.l.), Fél. Apr. 5 . ro hadnad , Ériu xii 190 .y (TE2). Later also as simple vb. adannaid, adnaid.

Part. adannta.

Vn. adannad, adnad and later adaint. IGT Verbs §§ 45,46 .

(a) kindles, lights (usually trans.): im burach do thene . . . .i. cin in tenid (? -ed) adannai, Laws i 170.21 Comm. de aibritiud atarann in tene muindtir cluana mac Nois from the moment when the fire burned the monks of C.(?), Mon. Tall. 162.25 (§ 85) . conid on tene sin ro hadnad cach primtene i nHérinn, Dinds. 7 ( RC xv 297 ). adantar tene coisecra leo, Anecd. iii 34.9 . acloid adannuigh caindle, O'D. 2192 ( Nero A. vii fo. 134a ). bruth aeoir . . . no adannfad in domun, CCath. 1030 . amal diaid thúsi adantar i n-edpairt duit, PH 7109 . Nás aga do hadhnadh `he has burned Naas', Studies 1920, 418.16 . teine . . . ní hé Día adhnas í, Párl. na mB. 3296 . adhantor ┐ shoillsigther . . . ē (of a torch), Fl. Earls 34.z . causes to blush: créad lér hadhnadh a ghruaidh ghlan, TD 8.31 . gruadh adhanta nár hadhnadh `a glowing cheek that never was made to blush', 27.42 . illuminates, inspires: recht(t) crettme adannai amail ron(n)gab recht Adamnáin, Críth G. 524 . ra hadnad é . . . o fhis ┐ o fhaistine, TTebe 4144 . ? adainter fri cuimne senchad indraice, Laws iv 140. y .

(b) stirs up, incites: tri oible adannat seirc, Triads 86 . tumais rínd a roisc . . . índ ┐ adnai a serc ina cridiu, BB 414b27 . adantair serc . . . ind oclaich fá hucht din ingin, LL 221a12 . ( TTr. 284 ). fearg ro hadnad tretha de, Ériu xii 190. y (TE2). ro hadh[an]nadh bruth ┐ brígh i cridib na M., CCath. 1884 . rahadandait ferga . . . isna feraib, TTebe 4488 . ro and brónbríg in tan ro dall mōrríg Mide, Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 32 ( LL 184a15 ). gan éinní . . . do adhainfeadh mh' anthoil, Desid. 1099 . glár far hadhnadh oirbhire, DDána 90.16 . Aodh mag Uidhir adhnus goimh `kindler of grief', Gadelica 13 § 16 . osna charad . . . aoibhil adhanas anbhuain `spark enkindling restlessness', Ó Bruad. ii xvi 1 . . ná hadhain troid, Dánfhocail 176 . roghaimh Dé do hadhnadh as the great anger of God was kindled from it (of Pharaoh's destruction in the Red Sea), DDána 31.12 . laogh ar shlabhradh ghlas 'n-a ghlaic / ar hadhnadh as do b'orrdhraic i.e. what resulted from it was famous, 80.26 .

(c) sets going, begins (cf. ad-aig): baithes Pátraic prímdae / adrannad i n-hÉre, Fél. Apr. 5 . .i. ro tindscnad, Fél.² lxxi gl. 5 . ro hadhnadh a cluichi caintech `his funeral games were started', RC xxiv 184.16 . adrand (atrann, adhrann v.l.) a theora eigme ass, Fing. R. 562 ( LL 270b44 ). But see ? ad-ranna.

(d) Intrans. cia lin na retlann adrann how many stars shone? SR 7921 . in trath adnus in re, Celtica ii 75.171 . adhnaidh teach don toigh re a thaoibh, TD 1.46 . is andsan alt cétna adnus an tesga, O'Gr. Cat. 300.37 . ár is hí an aibhill assa nadhana breo (of a poet), O'D. 1217 (H 2. 15, p. 85a). adannaid ann . . . accobar na flatha nemdai, PH 5466 . ro aghain ┐ ro áirdéirigh cogadh, ALC i 2.15 . Perh. also: m'athair ba húa do Abrám / int Abram adrann o chein / nir bunad fann do Challdéib, SR 3303 . cain adrann cach tucht rothecht / intan ruc in primchinnecht (of Jacob), 2919 .

Cf. andaid.

aicher

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicher or dil.ie/787

 

adj o, ā (Lat. acer, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 229 , see also Vendr. Lex.). Also achar. sharp, keen, fierce: aicher .i. ab eo quod est acer .i. lainn nō tin[d] nō trēn, Corm. Y 11 . acar .i. aichear ┐ aichear .i. gér, O'Cl. is acher in gáith innocht, Thes. ii 290.4 . nībo fri óigthea acher (.i. fergach no feochur), 328.9 (Hy. v). aithesc aicher, Metr. Dinds. iii 58.46 . siniudh creite impudh a.¤ crocind gergairg, Anecd. i 55 § 40 . acher tra in gres rolaset, LL 403a29 . forgomh amhnas a.¤ do ghae, AFM vi 2216.2 . idu achar (: -athar), Metr. Dinds. iv 2.17 . i nIthu achar (: athar) `in keen [Mag] Itha', Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 30 . gnīm n-achar, 71 § 21 . Of persons: Eogan acher bruth , Rawl. 84a33 . Fiangal find Ailill acher (.i. garg), LL 311c36 . As adv. iachtais co acher ar a sargud do Bresal, LL 358 marg. sup. ba haicher ainmin . . . ro feradh in caitgleo-sin, CCath. 6007 .

ainbthen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainbthen or dil.ie/1183
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ainbthine, ain(b)fen, ain(b)fene, ain(b)fine, anbthine, ainuthen, ainbthine, anbthena, hanfine, ainbthin, -anfhethna, anbthen, ainbthinib, ainphenaibh

n earlier ainbthine f. (anboth (see anfud), LEIA Cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 59, 628 . See also feithine). Also ain(b)fen, ain(b)fene, ain(b)fine. n s. ind anbthine , LL 6889 . a s. ainuthen (ainbtine, v.l.), CCath. 3924 . g s. ainbthine, LU 8709 . anbthena, TBC-LL¹ 5300 . na hanfine , PH 4241 . n p. ainbthin, LU 2364 . -anfhethna, CCath. 1927 . ?g p. anbthen, MU² 629 . d p. ainbthinib, LU 2234 . ainphenaibh, RC xi 129.y .

(a) storm, tempest: maidm toraind tollchléthi / trethan trom ainbthine, LU 8709 ( FB 53 ). trethan .i. anfen, ut est ardainm tar tuinn trethan .i. anfenaigh, O'Dav. 1576 . ond anbthine sein ruc Paulínus E. i lluing, Anecd. iii 75.24 . gorta ┐ ainmtine, RC xxiv 373.4 . cur roimeclaigh Persaual in ainmten imurcrach roboí forsin sruth, D IV 2, 73 rb 30 . rodáil a ainbthen uile / dar Mag nA. (of Loch Rí), Metr. Dinds. iii 458.99 . immud anbthine na peni suthaine, IT i 170.z . commbogad ainbtini dermairi, CCath. 868 . isi conair tuc in ainfin e, 2104 . ainbhthine an aeéir, Studies 1921, 75 § 15 . ainfine imarcach ┐ doinionn dermhair, Fl. Earls 8.17 . ?g p. used attributively: lorg adúathmar . . . cend anbthen fhurri ┐ cend álgen, MU² 629 and n. Fig. ni ḟodhmad broinn ainfen[e] `stomachs endure not a storm', BCrólige 25 (cf. anfen .i. ingnad, ut est fri fail mil moir ni fodma bronda anfen, O'Mulc. 107 ). i n-anfine n-ai as regards the storminess of the case, Cóic Con. 15 § 2 = ainfene, 34 § 38.

(b) violence, fury, rage in general: troithaith ainbthine di dagbesaib cana ┐ rechtge, Laws iii 24.15 . flaith leigis anbtine for a tuaith .i. . . . leigis anfethaigh ar in ceile, O'Curry 458 (H. 3.18, 243b). co rolad anbfen eturru im glenn tribthine, BB 6a37 . mor do anfene ┐ do eccoimhnert, Stair Erc. 375 . atracht . . . a ainbfine onchon, 1347 . bruth ┐ anbthine Palámid, TTr.² 1311 .

As n.pr. Ainpthini ingen Maelduin, LL 362 marg. inf.

1 álad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 álad or dil.ie/2869

 

Forms: áladh, -aidh

n u, and o, m. áladh m. (g s. and n p. -aidh), IGT Decl. § 11 , § 104 . For suggested connections with ar-áili see ZCP xxii 136 . wound: tiscail gai a halad .i. tarraing in gae asin crecht, O'Dav. 1515 ( Laws v 490.8 ). créchta ina chaíncnis ... álta ina thóeb, LU 8341 . in tand ... robaí mac C. fora áltaib isind ármaig, BDD² 1496 . i n-aladaib, LU 6342 (TBC). ra hacbeile ... a crechta, a n-álta, TBC-LL¹ 3637 . co slechtaibh gon ┐ aladh a césta fair, RC xxviii 316 § 24 . gal ┐ bruth ┐ ferg ind álta, TTr.² 1193 . aladha ... oslaicthi, CCath. 6085 . alaidhe doimhne, Ériu v 100.33 . aludh ... sleghi, ZCP vi 35.18 . nír sceing re haladh gāi [n]glas (of a shield), ZCP viii 227 § 5 . fa húathbásach na hálaid sin, Fianaig. 94.4 . is á.¤ dhúinn a dhilgheann `their ruin woundeth us', Arch. Hib. i 84 § x . dearna an álaidh uain (of Christ's hand), DDána 26.23 . gur báidh á.¤ in ubhuill he effaced the wound caused by the apple, Ériu iv 118 § 31 . gráinchnedh ┐ á.¤ mo choinsiais, Parrth. Anma 4898 . ?tríath gacha hálaid ferrdha, Duan. F. i 36 § 27 . Prob. also: césfe álag n-encraide, LU 10386 = alad, ZCP iii 256 .

Compd. ¤-dorus broken door: gach ceall i bhfuair áladhdoirse, DDána 89.27 .

allas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. allas or dil.ie/2942
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o. See LEIA A-62 , Féil. Mhic Néill 142 . perspiration: a.¤ .i. sudor , Thes. ii 42.17 . roleg bruth ┐ allus in miled hé the heat and sweat of the soldier melted him, LU 7976 . do modh . . . do slechtanaib co tī th'a.¤ co menic (rule for religious life), ZCP iii 30.8 . allus de / isin lo the conaire, IT iii 103 § 196 . dopperar ēttach tromm foir condotice aldus, ZCP vi 257 § 6 . in damuscach allais effusion of sweat , PH 3042 . lan do a.¤ o cind co bond, Todd Nenn. 80.z . allos (sic leg.) na fala bloody sweat, PH 22 . cludugad co maith no co ngabhadh si allus, Irish Texts v 18.30 . do bhí a a.¤ mar bhraona fola, Luke xxii 44 . dá ttiubhra allus, Ezekiel xliv 18 . rochruaidh an punc ann a gcuirir me, ┐ beana[i?]dh se a.¤ as mo mhuintir uile (a disputant who is driven into a corner), Luc. Fid. 316.20 . allus a maoile fein ícus cach from the sweat of his own brow comes each man's good (prov. saying), BNnÉ 301 § 5 . a.¤ Mhuire name of a plant , RC iv 190 n. Attrib. gen.: don plaidh allais the sweating sickness, AU iii 358.16 . bréit allais handkerchief (sudary), PH 2193 .

attoirse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. attoirse or dil.ie/4954

 

Forms: attuirse

n (toirse) Also attuirse. great weariness, sadness: scís ┐ athtoirse a sloighidh imchein, AFM iv 1096.5 . aithreachus ┐ attuirsi, v 1640.4 . na facuilse ar a ttú ag teachd / dú atuirsi re a n-éisdeachd one should be grieved at hearing them, IGT Decl. ex. 766 . go molainn thū gan atuirsi indefatigably, Parrth. Anma 5081 . imshníomh ná atuirse, Atlantis iv 150.19 . do bhas ag bruth m'athtuirsi, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 332.22 . dobrón ┐ athtoirsi mor, ZCP v 46 § 127 (BCC). damhna a.¤ , TD 1.7 .

barae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. barae or dil.ie/5381

 

Forms: barann, barainn, -ainne

n n, f. Also barann, barainn (g s. -ainne). anger, hostility (with subj. and obj. gen.); vehemence, excitement, exaltation: bare .i. búre, Corm. Y 155. Cf. bara fri búre, LU 10833 (prov. anger in return for anger). barann .i. biubhanas ut est beógudh barann, ┐ adfét brigh barann, O'Dav. 267. barann .i. ecraiti, ut est. atfeth brigh barann, O'Curry 2046 (H. 4.22, 61b). `barann' gach béimneart, Metr. Gl. 13 § 22. barann .i. béim, O'Cl. bara .i. fearg, ibid. im (sic leg.) barain gl. in ira mea, Wb. 33a13 . diar ṅéis arnáp b.¤ , Fél. Ep. 419. cía b.¤ ro boí día sruith fríu whatever anger, Trip.² 1521. hin fil ní hi crádind do Día, nó in fail a baraind frim?, 2763 . lin a barann ṁbúan, SR 7934. nīcon mela in fersa a baraind for Ultu nī bus moo, TBC-I¹ 3596. mas co mbaraind dotæt cucunn, IT i 279 n.21 (Eg.) = co féirg, LU 8698 ( FB 52 ). bráo mara / bara bledmaill, LU 8682 ( FB 52 , rhet.). atcota brīgh barann / atcota barann bidbaid, Anecd. iii 11.23 , 24 . cech long rasmbia a bara / ni ragha cen badhad, ii 41 § 11 . fer do baraind bruthaigte, TBC-I¹ 1817 (rhet.). cid mor a bara fort . . . nit aghamar though you are very angry at it, IT ii1 181.199. indas na luinde ┐ na barainde . . . tucsat leo isin chath, LL 403a25 ( TTr.² 927 ). barand immais `fury of inspiration', RC xxvi 24 § 81. bruth ┐ barand, TBC-LL¹ 1932. imir do bharainn fair, BNnÉ 300 § 4 . 's na teinntibh i mbia a mbara the anger inflicted on them (?), PBocht 12.51 . dimbirt a ainchridhe ┐ a bharainde, Hugh Roe² 42.19 . cūach Dīarmada do Breg barainn as a cause of the enmity of Brega (?), Corm. Y 950.

Attrib. g s. angry, hostile: bret[h]a barann, AFM ii 594.19 (an. 917 ). bag barand, LL 23560. lonnbruth barand, TBC-I¹ 3237. mac barrainde (: arrainne), IGT Decl. ex. 564.

Compds. With nouns: co mbarannbāigh, Otia ii 83.1 . re barann-beicedhaigh na n-os, CCath. 4351. Bairnech barannbél, Metr. Dinds. iii 444.52 . nād bad fornn nimbræ do borann (no a suprascript over o) -borrfad (sic leg.) barainn, TBC-I¹ 3561. tri barannghlaedha badhbha, Acall. 908.

With adj.: baighbriathar baronnborb an Goibernora, Hugh Roe² 224.19 .

barrannta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. barrannta or dil.ie/5433

 

adj ron dūisgfe ar Tigerna / atrē an brugh b.¤ (bruth baranta, Lec. 171 ra 25 ), ZCP viii 207.6 . la Bresal mbailc mb.¤ , LL 385c52 = . . . . mbaranda, BB 128a11 (`furious', Leb. Cert.² 154 § 3 ). See baranda.

berbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. berbaid or dil.ie/5699
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: beirbid, bruith, berbad

v also beirbid.

(a) boils, cooks: mani berba gl. decoxerit, Ml. 46c15 . no-mberbthide (? leg. -berbfide, Gloss.) dam co tinde and, BDD² 1449. in ro berbais in saill `hast thou boiled the bacon . . . ?' Three Hom. 60.5 . fulachtad na feola ┐ beirbid in brocdan, BB 236b5 . ro hatád torc trichemrúad mórtheined imme co romberbastar, RC xiii 58.3 . ni berbamm salla na cárnai we cook not salted nor fresh meat, Alex. 882. cearca beirbthear a mbeacān eanbruithi = gallina cocta cum modico brodio, RSláinte 1851. (of a plant used in dyeing) is i berbthar tresin fual isin or mban co ndene derg de, Auraic. 5566. trí chaecait cét coire n-uma / i mbeirbthea mid maige Mháin in which mead of M.M. was brewed, SG 362.15 . is mor bruitheas a chuithe / gen co bruithi ani berbas (a whirlpool), Anecd. i 12.z (SCano 404). ro berbi ar ind usci boiled it with the water, Mon. Tall. 147.10 . berbhtar limsa ar lossraidh na cailledh é (sc. a small bird), RC xxvi 374.5 .

(b) melts, dissolves: ro berbai in cend in cloich co ndechaid treithe the head had melted the stone, LL 14172. coro mberb ┐ co ro dílég cech n-anmanna boí inti, LL 21138 ( Dinds. 13 ). coro mberb (of snow), 37006 . is leis ro berbad ór ar tus i nHerind was smelted, 2022 . Fig. do bhearbh an t-éag a anáir 'Death dissolved his honour', Celtica xxvi 104 § 41 .

Note also: mo brú-sa ris nī berba (B. na f.), ACL iii 310.11 .

Part. lind brīge ┐ biad berbtha, Corp. Gen. 87.28 . do æl berbthi of baked lime, Rawl. 74b1 . Vn. bruith, berbad. Cf. 1 bruth .

borrfad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. borrfad or dil.ie/6420
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: borrfaid

n o and u (borr. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 14 ) (act of) swelling up, expanding, increasing (often fig.): rolín tra att ┐ b.¤ a tengaid in a cinn = intumuit caput eius cum lingua, Lat. Lives 77 § 70. b.¤ mara romra surge of a great sea, SG 376.3 . do bí b.¤ bisig ar a ghalar `his disease increased mightily', Caithr. Thoirdh. 58.23 . for b.¤ with expanding power, MacCarthy 180.10 . iar mborrfadh da clainn ` exaltation ', 422.3 . doluidh Ailill . . . co mborrfadaibh (: corrtharaibh), ZCP xii 358.14 . is cosmail lemm . . . / fri b.¤ nō side builg (of a vain person), ZCP vi 267 § 9. a inghen Dondc[h]ada druin / ara fil borrfadho ban who indulgest in the exaggerations of women (?), Fianaig. 42.3 (see Éigse xiii 311 ). niro thallastar a úaill . . . nach a b.¤ . . . i nErind (of Cú Roí), LU 9047 ( FB 79 ). inund cumachta ros car. / inund úaill inund b.¤ , LL 3248. rop é rí in borrfaith cen brath `of brave show', Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 23 = in ri borrfaid, Rawl. 164a8 . rí in borrfada 's in bissig `of magnificence and betterment', Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 29. tria b.¤ n-aicenta `pride', MR 78.26 . do thraoth méad borrfaidh Bhanbha / ar n-éag d'onchoin Eachlabhra, Magauran 4255 .

Of swelling, becoming swollen with rage, wrath, fury; fierceness: b.¤ barainn (rhet.), TBC-I¹ 3561. lasa réim ┐ lasa mb. tra ronucsat láith gaile fer nUlad uli im Chonchobar, LU 8578 ( FB 44 ). a bruth ┐ a bríg ┐ a b.¤ , 8622 ( FB 46 ). b.¤ Cuind focroithfe Éirinn, Airne F. 274. in domon im-medon a áese ┐ a borrfaid, a utmaille ┐ a dívmais `its indignation', TTr.² 831. co mborrfadh ┐ barainn, uaille ┐ diumuis `with rage and fury', BNnÉ 303 § 14 . im burach do thene, Laws i 166.27 .i. im borrfadh mhar dogni, 170.20 Comm. lá borrfadh bríghe `with boisterous vigour', AFM v 1766.z . As attrib. g s.: ó mac Bregoin borrfaid (: tolcaib) `of B. the wrathful', Metr. Dinds. ii 54.21 . na bruige borrfadha (? read borrfadhacha) ainbisigh `rough . . . farms', MR 100.14 .

borrfadach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. borrfadach or dil.ie/6421
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o, ā (borrfad) swelling, proud, elated, high-spirited; fierce, bold, vigorous : buiden már borrfadach, TBC-I² 3642 . is borrfadach caurad, TBC-I² 3676 . co Boïnd mborrfadaig `the swollen B.', Ériu iv 152.24 . blaith-bhile b.¤ Breagh `the proud-blossomed tree' (of a king), MR 96.2 . a beithi blaith bennachtach, / a bhorrfadhaigh bhinn `proud one', BS 66.10 . in macaem beoda b.¤ , TTebe 3157 . ant æs bæt borrfodoc `das dumme rohe Volk', ZCP xiii 260.19 . fer beódha borrfadhach `high-spirited', AFM iii 602.2 . ro gab ferg dicra . . . e, ┐ bruth b.¤ , Cog. 188.14 . buille brioghmhar borrfadhach `a . . . fierce blow', Ériu v 178.1 . sgela borrfadhacha bith-uathbasacha bracha, KMMisc. 316.8 .

Adv. is b.¤ forfópartatar in tulaigsin `boldly they made for that hill', TBC-LL² 4377 . co brigmur b.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1236.8 .

brag

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brag or dil.ie/6481

 

n appar. form of 1 bruth : bragh leomhain fury , RC x 341.29 (TBC Eg. 106 ).

brathlang

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brathlang or dil.ie/6594
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: braflang, braflacc

n m. and f. (brath + lang ? 1 loc ? `cover of a pitfall ?' Trip. Gloss.). Also braflang, braflacc. pitfall; treachery: doronsat maicc Láigsi cuithecha usci forsind sét for a chind ┐ b.¤ tairsiu, Trip. 186.25 . ar cathbarr cen duithi dath, / is brathlaṅg brúithi bidbad, SR 2690. poll talman . . . do denamh ara chionn ┐ braflang fair . . . conadh iet-som tuitis isin braflaing, TBC St. 4672 - 4673 . mani derntais . . . braflacc damsa for lebeunn in tige coittcenn ` trap ', MacCarthy 16.3 . tré a ndernsat orm do braflang, SG 262.14 . Attrib. g s. la bruth ṁbrathlaig with treacherous fury (?), SR 6207. cumad brécthechtairecht braflaingi do berad ` deceptive ', MR 168.6 . Braflang Scóine (name of epic tale), LL 24988.

bríathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bríathar or dil.ie/6796

 

Forms: brethar, breithre, briathar, -glicc

n ā, f. GOI § 161. brethar, Laws i 268.14 . b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 56. In later lang. also o, m.

(a) word; in religious sense Word (of God); utterance, talk, saying(s), speech, discourse ; non-verbal sign (?) Éigse xxiv 41 : o .i. son i mbraighid. p .i. briathar sechtair, Ériu xiii 37.4 . nach tan do furgaib int augtur brethir for a gin sechtair bid briathar for a menmain fris gair do suidev . . . illud verbum . . . illi verbo . . ., Hib. Min. 12.410 , 411 . briathar cen guth .i. briathar in sgribhind, nó in compoid merda `the written word', O'Dav. 285 , Ériu xiii 37.7 . briathor insce apud Eoles (an Aeolic *βρήτρα seems intended, ed.), O'Mulc. 160. be sóir mo brethre `I shall be free as regards my word', Wb. 4c18 . ammi tuailṅge ar mbrethre gl. uerbo (. . . æpistolas), 17b5 . indat mbriathra gl. verba, Ml. 44b9 . do rad inna mbriathar sa gl. haec uerba, 46a19 . imfresnat a ngníme fria mbriathra `their deeds conflict with their words', Wb. 31b30 . deich míli briathar, 12d25 . it immaircidi dunni inna briathrasa, Ml. 22c5 . ni aithirgi ho briathraib nammá cen gním gl. non usque ad uerba, 23a11 . olc hi cridiu ┐ briathra aildi `fair words', 55a11 . ar chomallad do briatharsu, 39a12 . ni sulbir in b.¤ gl. sermo contemptibilis, Wb. 17b4 . taibred for mb.¤ ráth spirito do chách gl. sermo vester, 37c28 . briathra aildi la cechtar de fri alaile gl. sermone, Ml. 31a24 . inna briathra radas, 42c4 . níbat briathra nach aili gl. non explorata loquar, 68c10 . eritiu briathar ho neuch anall gl. reddendique sermonis, 59a15 . frissaní immeraidtis hua briathrib, 61c12 . briathar lám . . . briathar súle . . . briathar glunæ . . . briathar choirp gl. membrorum motus sermo, 138a2 . int ord nobeth fornaib briathraib gl. dictorum hunc habet ordinem, 27d22 . inna briathra grecdi se, Sg. 72a2 . hi mbrethir hi cocell hi ṅgním, Thes. ii 253.11 (Stowe M.). for brethir `in word', Wb. 15d5 . intan tra batar forsna briathraib se `when they were thus talking', Thes. ii 307.15 (Hy. ii Pref.). umaldóit for (fri, v.l.) bréthir ` mouth-humility ', Ériu iii 102 § 27a . trea chumbair ṁbriathar ` compendiously ', Thes. ii 327.5 . briathar foirbthigedar in duine i ndírgi cáingníma `the Word which perfects man', Wb. 4d6 . in bethu dorairngert som issí in briathar insin gl. uerbum suum in praedicatione, 31a9 . indhí pridchite . . . brethir dǽ gl. qui laborant in uerbo et doctrina, 29a12 . briathra dǽ, Ml. 146a1 . oc procept bréthri Dé, PH 2173. as esiomh . . . an bhriathar = the word, RSClára 142a. cundail a b.¤ (rhet.), LU 3401 ( SCC 18 ). grāibre .i. magar .i. briathar grata, O'Mulc. 688 = graibhri .i. briathar ghrata, no onórach, O'Cl. rabert-si na briathra sa she spoke these words, TBC-LL¹ 5730. ilar mbriathar mbláith rot char, LU 3614 ( SCC 30 ). millse briathra ḟir thochmairc, LL 13975 n. a (121a marg. sup.). in tan . . . bói Ísu oc lábra na mbriathar-sa, PH 3076. Secundi / cain i mbriathraib bíae `fair in words of might', Fél. Mar. 22. cona . . . digebad cid a oen ḟocul dia briathraib `not to . . . take away a single word that she said', Mon. Tall. 150.5 . nach duine isin tig arta-ceisi guth ┐ gním ┐ bréithir with . . . word, BDD² 884. brēthir bláith with gentle words, Sc.M² 21 f . dorónus dōibh dūa[i]n mbinn mbairdne, / brēithir glēisi with clear words, ACL iii 296 § 45. ro-slanaig Ísu me d'aen brethir, PH 2789. briathra Brain (of the baying of a hound), Measgra D. 38.15 . bríathra cogaidh, Studies 1920, 416.1 . ná tabhair bréithir mbréige `utter no false word', 1924, 244 § 26 . Brīathra Floinn Ḟīona maic Ossa (title of collection of maxims), Anecd. iii 10.15 . briathra fíra `just judgements', PH 823. briathar fhoirbhthe an ughdair-se this author's excellent saying, DDána 27a2 . ra bréthir a flatha `at . . . the command of their prince', TBC-LL² 4104 .

In phr. attá b.¤ (la, oc) di: intí diarobe briathar linn riam gl. de quo iam dixi, Sg. 197b12 . in Bethfage dia ta briathar i-fus of which mention is made here, PH 4600. ni do Thempul Solman . . . ro-bói briathar oc Ísu, 2725 .

(b) blessing, prayer, good wishes; in bad sense curse: forácaib bréthir fair (a well) `a blessing', Trip. 162.25 . tre brethir ṁBrigte, LL 38303 (` intercession ', SG 408.5 ). briathar .i. búaidh. fágbhaim ort briathar ┐ buaidh ar Colum Cille re Domhnall mhac Aodha, O'Cl. foracaib Pátraic breithir (.i. escaine) foraib, ACL iii 28 § 78. dorat Brigit brethir for Raith C. cona be[d] etc., Thes. ii 335.34 (Hy. v Comm.). fuirimh . . . / briathar doréir righ na rind / ar Ch. lay a curse on C., BNnÉ 314 § 8 .

(c) word, promise, assurance; pledge, vow: darm brethir (sic leg.) tra . . . isatt ailsiu damsa upon my word, LU 3918 ( SCC 43 ). dar ar mbréithir, CRR² 23. do brīathar bad fīr `let thy word be true', Ériu ii 172 § 3. ag so mo briathar ris . . . nach ticfaind . . . ┐ is briathar eile damh . . . nach gébaind, ML² 1439. ni ro-gabsat uada acht a bréthir do comallad friu save only that he should fulfil his promise to them, PH 908. ? dligid bés brēithir, Anecd. iii 15.2 (` `perhaps' merits a promise', RC xlv 71 § 36 ). co tanic mac N. ar breithir asin tig himag under a guarantee of protection, Ann. Conn. 1239.5 . gēmadh í an bhriathar bheag though it were a mere promise, Butler Poems 1243 . Phrases with verbs: dabiur bréthir . . . na fuil etc. `I swear ', TBC-LL² 747 . do-beram ar mbréthir . . . cunad fír, MU² 284. dobeirim fom bréithir a bhfiadhnaisi an Dúilim I swear in the presence of the Creator, Anecd. i 77.16 . tuc dā brēithir pledged his word, ML² 191. da-oṅg-sa mo bréthir, MU² 181. do radh dhá bréithir . . . nach rachad he vowed, Duan. F. i 1.17 . ni thánic dar a bréthir did not break his word, RC xx 12 § 17. tucus mo bréthir ris . . . ┐ ní faris ticfaither, MU² 179.

(d) Legal statement, testimony: is iat na tri fira is luga a enechus: lorg ┐ briathar ┐ suilgnais. A lorg on mír gan urlabra, a briathar on mir co n-urlabra ┐ a sulgnais on ceill maith gan urlabra, Cóic Con. 42 § 63. na hechlacha, cor indligthech, cin breithir, ni berat coibchi muna thisat fri dligi without guarantee, Laws v 272. y Comm. ? fasc tres brethar an is nesam i n-urd, i 268.14 . na tri briathra da fasc na athgabala . . . gur ab edh adbera don tres brethir i n-urd aisnesin: ro gabuis t'athgabhail, 302.23 , 26 Comm. ni fastann acht na tri briathra .i. in lin fear, ┐ in lin ceall, ┐ in la sundradhach (of the testimony of the mac bec or m. enncai), O'Curry 2431.2 ( Eg. 88, 35a-b ). tecmaltar a insce dó hi teora bríathra his statement is assembled by him into three words (of testimony of the fer midboth), Críth G. 40. Attrib. g s.: aithne breithre `a verbal charge ' (one of seven deposits that require to be restored), Laws v 196.3 .

(e) Gramm. verb: briathar . . . uerbum , Auraic. 300. ind infinit in e ón bréthir in o, Sg. 54a16 . amal as ṁbriathar gníma aperio an active verb, 145b4 . fríssin bréthir as sum , Thes. ii 228.36 (PCr.). ara forcmatis in tuisel sainredach inna brethre hua mbiat, Sg. 149a5 . itar in di brethir so, 203a16 . ar in ṁbrethir ṅdiuit, 140a4 . dia techtat briathra in -go gl. si a uerbis sint in `go' desinentibus, 112b3 . on brethir is axarcisto, Laws v 22.10 Comm. in dobriathar .i. do 'g-a rada nach briathar he, 4.11 Comm. on brethir choitchind asberar sufragor gl. [s]uffragare, Gild. Lor. 1.

Compds. With nouns. in Briatharchath ban Ulad War of Words, LU 8039. gur uo briathor-chealga brēgacha ro chan `deceitful . . . words', Fl. Earls 138.28 . ag bríathar-chomrādh re aroile ` conversation ', 46. 23 . drem dub dorcha brisess bruth, / atbelat fri briathar-chruth, MS. Mat. 633.29 ( LB 242b85 ). Bríatharthecosc Con Culaind inso (heading of precepts of C.C. to king of Tara), LU 3465 ( SCC 25 ). With adjj. co Bresal ṁbrec ṁbriatharchaem of the fair words, Rawl. 83a53 . bērus bre[i]th brīathargla[i]n, ZCP viii 199.27 . derdilinne an eoil oirrdirc / firinne a beoil briathoirgilc (-gilc for -glicc ed.) wise of speech , ii 350.11 . a Bricriu báeth briatharguirt ` sour-worded ', RC xiv 424 § 45. sámud būan bríatharísel ` low-voiced ', Ériu ii 63 § 1. a bhille bhriatharmhaill `o letter of tardy words', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 13 . an bhuidhean bhriatharnar of modest speech, DDána 75.29 . With adj. as subst. don bhriatharthaoi bhinn quiet-spoken one (of a lady), DDána 117.51 .

bríg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bríg or dil.ie/6813
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: brígh, -íghe, brígh, brígh, -ígh, ígha, briocchaibh, bríge

n ā, f. brígh f. g s. -íghe, IGT Decl. § 39. brígh (cháel) f., § 14.5 . brígh m. g s. and n p. -ígh, ígha, § 38 .

(a) power, strength, force, authority; vigour, virtue: de fortitudine .i. dinb.¤ gl. de ui, ZCP vii 479.34 (Enchir. Aug.). ciob.¤ gl. qua vi, 480.21 . brigh .i. neart, feart, no míorbhal, O'Cl. brig .i. firt, ut est / a muir brigach buan-sam ( Fél. Ep. 30 ), O'Dav. 257. brigh .i. uallach ut est Maudorn mor uisceda brig forbhailidh, Ériu xiii 55 § 26 = Modharn mor-uisage brioghach, etc., 13.1 . doadbadar híc b.¤ inna persine dodiccfa gl. Dominus dominantium, Wb. 29c4 . nírbo sain mo b.¤ leu `I was of no account in their eyes', Ml. 88b4 . is bréc b.¤ in domain / . . . / is sí in b.¤ uile / serc mór do Macc Maire ` might ', Fél. Prol. 145 - 147 . fororcennta a ṁbríga `their powers have been ended', Prol. 87. oté cona mbrígaib `virtues', 34 . a bruth ┐ a b.¤ (of God). LU 2022 ( FA 9 ). cen brīgh without might, ACL iii 320 § 90. bec cech brīg is cech bunad every power and substance is as naught (in comparison with Munster), Bruchst. 62 § 143 , ZCP viii 561.19 . bríogh do chonganta `the power of thy help', Studies 1918, 99 § 16 . mor m-borrfad (sic) ┐ bríge rolinsat muintir A. great . . . haughtiness (Meyer), Alex. 392. brīg fīna 'na uisge (a lake), ZCP vii 303 § 3 . in brig etarglethi the power of decision, Cóic Con. 24 § 24.

Med. virtue, force: gu comfhurtachtaidinn an t-uisgi na brīga uile ana n-oibrigthib = confortat omnes virtutes in suis operationibus, RSláinte 2929. maille ré gníomhughadh na bríogha díleaghtha, TSh. 1581. Also in pl. (us. of persons): o vilibh briocchaibh with all his strength, Aisl. Tond. 100 § 4. ro-fuasnaigthea mo uli thimthirechta ┐ bríga `my . . . energies were confounded', PH 3860.

Gramm.: is follus nach mór b.¤ articuil linni, Sg. 26b3 (see (b) and (d) infra). do-ní brígh connsuine bhuig don chonnsuine chrúaidh a voiced consonant gets the (metrical) value of a voiceless consonant, IGT Introd. § 105 , cf. 106-7 . ar son go ttiaguid a mbrígh chonnsuineadh become semi-vowels (of i, u), § 9 .

In chevilles: b.¤ ron-fethis, Fél. Aug. 7. hūasal brīg, ACL iii 312 § 1.

Attrib. g s. L. lócharn bríge `a vigorous lamp', Fél. Feb. 7. breasa briogha ┐ ella idhna (of childbirth), Ériu v 80.28 . la borrfadh bríghe `with boisterous vigour', AFM v 1766.z . ? for brosna brigi .i. for feirtsi carpait no airm on mighty twigs (?) (kenning), Rawl. 109b44 ( RC xxvi 30 n.1 ). Cf. techt for brosnai brige .i. fertsi carpat, H 3.18, 722.15 . lind brīge strong ale, Corp. Gen. 87.30 .

In more abstr. meanings.

(b) value, worth; advantage; validity, virtue, efficacy: is becc in b.¤ frissandéntar a saithar sin gl. ut corruptibilem coronam accipiant, Wb. 11a9 . aní tairci in b.¤ móir sin duibsi `that which produces that great privilege to you', 12c31 . is follus . . . nan máar b.¤ labrad ilbélre is not of much avail, 12d28 . ni mó b.¤ cach he alailiu gl. non est seruus neque liber, 19c19 . nand mmáa sin a b.¤ `that it is of no more account than that', Sg. 150b1 . issí a b.¤ liumsa a techtae som huaim `that is all I care for', Ml. 117d4 . Cf. . . . nī mōr brīg sin `that is no great matter' (Stories fr. Táin), TBC-I¹ 537. is mór b.¤ / do mac aithig guin maic ríg, Fing. R. 259. is cert in b.¤ doberid dún great store you set on me, forsooth! (ironically), LU 5959 (TBC). In phr. amra b.¤ (bríge) in lit. and ironical senses, see amrae . Note also: rabad amra b.¤ duit fadessin mad dia tóetsad latt C. it would be a wonderful achievement on your part (?), LL 9362 (TBC) = ba hamra dūindi dia ndingabtha fēin, TBC-I¹ 1495. amra bríge[lium] . . . Máel dúin, RC ix 488.17 . na ríg aile / fūaratar b. o cech dune `won respect from every man', Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 28 . ni fetar citne briga / mo dul i teach co r-riga I do not know what good it is, Ériu v 30.2 . sét co mbríg (`substance' LMU² 18 ), LL 34560. fis a mbrígha dobeir dḟilidh informs poets of their value, IGT Decl. ex. 75. gá brígh dhóibh gan dol a n-éigean ? what good would it have done them not to have fought? O'Hara 4311. cá bríogh dhó ar gcionta do chlódh `easy for Him', A. Ó Dálaigh v 4. cisi brigh / an dal oc Insi na righ what's the point of . . . ?, AFM i 386.1 . ? cutal .i. a cutilia .i. ō leidb .i. nī mā a b.¤ quam ledb de cute, O'Mulc. 257.

(c) meaning (of words, sayings, etc.): brígh na cédlitre = tenour , RSClára 53b . bríogh na guidhei-se, DDána 67.51 . fios a bhríghe (of a prov. saying), Measgra D. 25.16 .

(d) In phrases with prepp. and verbs: issed tra as brig la dia `what God deems worthy', Thes. ii 255.13 (Stowe M.). ní laugi a bríig less quam tú gl. ita illum uocauit (sic leg.) ut té, Wb. 6b12 . nibo mór a mb.¤ linn gl. quibus neque ad horam cessimus subiectioni, 18d10 . cinip mór do b.¤ lat bráithre indíu, Trip.² 1888. lasa becc brigh a anma fein `who cares little for his own life', CCath. 2804. See also (b) supra. ní bía brig desium `this thing will not matter', Mon. Tall. 154.10 . nícon bia b.¤ hisinnísin, Ériu ii 222.6 . ní b.¤ daoib / loighed t'innmhe `no disadvantage to thee is thy possession's scanti- ness', O'Gr. Cat. 459.1. las an mbrígh mbicc doronsat do chenel E. `regarding the K.E. as of little account', AFM v 1766.z . ni fuil brig acainn innut `we have no reliance (?) in thee', Ir. Astr. Tr. 52.17 . beg a brígh a mbrat órdha `little he cares for', Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 8 . brígh 'na ccéimiondaibh ní chuir `he sets no store by their doings', Studies 1919, 258 § 18 . 'na dtaisibh ná tabhraidh bríogh `care not for', Dán Dé xxxi 25 . díoth carad ná cuir i mbrígh, DDána 26.7 . ni denam brig de we pay no attention to it, LL 31760 ( TTr. 949 ).

In prep. phr. di bríg, see 1 de, di. Note also: tré bhrígh na Urnuighe-se `in Virtue of', Donlevy 436.21 .

Compds. With nouns. brigbunad `powerful stock', Ériu viii 68.10 . fogne búada buan brígrun, SR 7244. With adjj. idir dhá thuinn . . . bhríogh-aidhbhle, ML 82.1 . A. brigaesta, ZCP xxx 122.21 = annis gravis, 201 . meirge righ Breatan bríghmhir vigorously active, MR 228.13 .

brodscuad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brodscuad or dil.ie/6913

 

n (compd. (?) of 1 brod or (?) 1 bruth . For second element cf. scó and derivv. ?) refuse, rubbish: inna b.¤ anglana gl. quiscilia, Tur. 110. ciscilium .i. broth uel brothscoa, Lib. Hymn. 10.54 . brotscuad .i. spreigal, ut est brotscuadh la feirge feidm .i. amail spreigal na fairrgi is amlaid . . . in tan bis go feirg `refuse . . . i.e. like the rubbish of the sea', O'Dav. 270. is brodscūad .i. is brodsce úan, O'Mulc. 765. bruth sguadh, amhail luibhredh docuirither muir, ar as ainm do suidhe bruth, no brodh sguadh, Ériu xiii 44.12 (name given to compositions of the `doérbaird').

3 broth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 broth or dil.ie/7016

 

n = 1 bruth , bruith: re biad . . . bal na gaile oc a b.¤ `when boiling ', Laws i 128.2 Comm.

brothach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brothach or dil.ie/7018

 

adj o, ā (1 bruth ) boiling, hot: b.¤ focress inna hucht `boiling', Thes. ii 339.4 ( Hy. 4 ). usce b.¤ usce fuar, LB 228 marg. sup. rofich an fairge ina farrudh den bruth b.¤ from the boiling mass, Anecd. i 65 § 132 (ICM). Med. pláig bólgaige broithce dianepletar prímgeni Egepti uile of swelling boils, LB 118a45 . Transfd. Brigit b.¤ `fervent B.', RC xlvii 306.10 . ? Subst. sēnsi (sic leg.) combó lemnacht in b.¤ (= lactis de aqua, etc.), Vita Br. 26 `its contents', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 127. Perh. adj. inbrothach.

See bruthach.

brothal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brothal or dil.ie/7021

 

Forms: brothall

n [o, m.] (1 bruth or 3 broth) brothall ` heat, warmth, sultriness ', P. O'C. do chrú fhoghlach innse Eachaidh / bímse i mbrothul (mbruthall, mbrothull, v.ll.) `for the . . . race of E.'s Island I with zeal am boiling', Ó Bruad. ii 80.12 . lucht béarla ┐ brothaill `upstarts', iii 198.2 .

brothnaige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brothnaige or dil.ie/50083
Last Revised: 2019

 

n fury (?): ba sāeth la Fiachaig a n-īsin ┐ luidis coro chī folcc mbrothraige (mbrothnagi, v.l.) fiad a athair, Corp. Gen. 71 (124a42) . ? Cf. 1 bruth , bruthnaigidir.

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