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? altfad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? altfad or dil.ie/3031

 

ind cride ndracon a.¤ mbrochbúada for dun dibni (descr. of Loegaire Buadach), LU 8614 ( FB 46 ).

báigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báigid or dil.ie/5175

 

Forms: bágaid, -fidir

v also bágaid (bág).

(a) declares, asserts, utters; undertakes: dobeir barr, no bágu / Nouimbir for slúagu, Fél. Nov. 30 ( .i. geallaim, O'Dav. 253 ). cé ro báige `if thou engage that it is', Ep. 27. bagim-se, LU 10424 (rhet.). robāgus . . . comroc fri C. imbārach I have undertaken, TBC-I¹ 1189. firfitir baga baigfithir (-fidir, v.l.) fir truth will be uttered (?), ZCP viii 565.8 (rhet.). bagasu in scel sa, Ériu v 234.30 . bágim báig for Laignechaib / . . . / na fríth sluag de Gaedelaib/ bad mó ánlecht, LL 6343 ( ZCP xxiv 142 § 48 ). bagaim conid bairdni bind. / debidi alaindi mrind, 5257 . ra bágait a mbrechta. ┐ ra canait a ndíchetla, 32474 ( TTr. 1671 ). baigim co fir . . . nach dernais . . ., MR 202.1 . b.¤ bréithir declares: baighis C.Ch. a breithir . . . con-soifed a cloich fuirri, ZCP viii 542.1 . baigim-si briathar . . . nach d'ic t'ḟalad . . . tangasa riot-sa, MR 262.y . báighim-si briathar cumad ferrdi lim-sa gach lerdacht . . ., 308.11 .

(b) threatens (folld. by rel. clause or direct obj. of thing threatened, FRI of person against whom threat is uttered): aní báigther rim, mo marbad, Trip.² 620. in gnim ro baigistar, O'Curry 2423 ( Eg. 88, 33ab ). in tan baighis nech olc ┐ forcumaing an tolc sin . . . don tí ris a mbaigther, 2422 (ibid.). ní baga fri ríg, LL 345a25 . robáighed friss ┐ doráidhsed droch- briathra, RC xvii 29.16 (Tig.).

(c) glories, boasts, prides oneself (on) (somet. with refl. inf. pron.): báigmi gl. gloriamur, Wb. 2d 15 . Tuatha Dē, ba tolc tréine, / im (for, v.l.) thuaith mBolc bāigsit rīge, ZCP xiv 176.1 . cía nos baigea ingen F. . . . im gním co cumachta, LU 3894 ( SCC 40 , rhet.). cia not bagea uall ollimresan, 3904 (41). ? ron bagi mór caemchenna, LL 35926 . 35923 .

(d) fights, contends (?): condom-roib it rígu / na ní ara ṁbáigiu `for which I contend', Fél. Ep. 360. di thúathaib toinget di rígnaib báiget fri namte agat, LU 5473 (rhet.). dursan nach Loegaire Buadach báigestar, LL 14271. bris, buail, baig iat `war against them' (of sins), Ir. Lit. 8.7 . lúaidfe molthu Maicc Maire / báges ar mbága finda `who fights our white fights', Thes. ii 353.2 (Hy. vi).

(e) Miscellaneous: m'atchí cech ben báigid `talks' (?), Fél.² cxlv 29. cuairt buadha ris a mbádhuim (leg. mbágaim) to which I refer (?), Ériu iv 112 § 1 (`whereof I make boast'). conid chucum bagthir cach ndelb sóer every noble form is judged by comparison with mine, LU 10313 (H, Tochm.Em.). ar cach n-olc atágur-sa / bágur-sa mac nAengusa I invoke (?), SG 389.41 . Oliuana, baigthi treith, SR 2499 `extolled by princes (?)', 1 tríath .

bár

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bár or dil.ie/5375

 

n o, m. (B. na f.) freq. in glossaries, wise man, sage; leader, overseer: b.¤ (bar) glossed .i. suí, Corm. Y 202 (sai). O'Curry 1399 (H. 3.18, 633). Lec. Gl. 160. O'Cl. Metr. Gl. 24 § 15. ZCP v 485 § 2. LB 101.59 . bair .i. suid, Auraic. 5425 . Glossed .i. mair (muir), O'Curry 1398 (H. 3.18, 633). Corm. Y 201. Goid. 77.141 (Dúil Laithne). Heremoin . . . / . . . bruthmar bar (:mār), Rawl. 116b9 = bethir nār, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 29 § 32. in bār ar bruinneib Breg ṁbrāthach, RC xxxvi 262 § 2 ( Rawl. 85b4 ) = in b.¤ , LL 6449. mo bar buadach , 385cy 0 . bar Bretan, 21469 . in bar brigas buaid, BB 380b19 . ? b.¤ beatha co mbreitheamhnas (of Patrick), Leb. Cert.² 22. mise Benén . . . / b.¤ buada, 396 . fuath do bharcuibh caise dfeis, / imtearc sin o bheith na bh.¤ `hatred of books, love of feasting, that is far from being a sage', ZCP iii 378.9 . is e an Scip sin barr Affraici dar eis Poimp, CCath. 4872.

Compd. bārnia lond Labraid `fürstliche Kämpe', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 7 § 2 ( barnia lonn, LL 377b16 ). Cf. bréo dána b. níad, Dinds. 42.

1 bárc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bárc or dil.ie/5400

 

n ā, f. (cf. Lat. barca) b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 39 (91.21) .

(a) bark, ship: bārcc a barca, Corm. Y 108. i mbāirc, 115 . barc .i. long, O'Cl. saer lerlong ┐ baircc (? leg. barcc) ┐ curach, Laws v 104.1 , glossed: .i. for na bi imrum .i. na serrcinn, 4 Comm. lucht na bairci, i 128.15 Comm. ind oenbarcc (of the Ark), SR 2536. barc fri beithi (in `Ogam n-eathrach'), Auraic. 6133. i mbraine na báirci, BDD² 515. cetheora barca .xxx. . . . ┐ tricha in cech báirc, LU 1278 (H.). cid as dech do ríg ? . . . bárca do thochor i port, Tec. Corm. § 1.25 ( LL 343a24 ). a fín b.¤ (sic leg. ?) for tondgur fland, LL 7189 (`wine-barque', Hail Brigit 11 ). do chriaid ḟir na báirci (of Tuathal Techtmar), 37770 . barcc gu muinib, IT iii 241.215 . na bárca bronnfairsinga, CCath. 1445. Luimneach lethanglas / frismbarca ben `which beats against barks', Ériu iv 154.2 . coblach mor do longaib ┐ do barcaib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . i n-urlár éinbháirce (: tráichtte) on the deck of one ship, DDána 107.1 . In nn. loc. Inber na mB., LL 24169. Rinn na Báirci, CF² 97.

(b) Fig. of (perh. boat-shaped) structures on land: a barc brainech na tor tromm / . . . / ba tu relec na fian find (to Brug na Bóinde), Metr. Dinds. ii 12.41 ( LU 4157 ). Barc Crimthainn Nia Nair (one of the Dindgnai in Broga, the others being Long ingine Foraind etc.), Dinds. 4. Long na Láech / frisanabar Barc Ban mbáeth, Metr. Dinds. i 18.58 . Ailech nImchill os cech áit / dia do báirc bir-chinn. . . . `sharp-crested stronghold ', iv 96.46 . romúrsetar Báirc ṁBresail. Báirc-sede feda nemchrínda doringned ic Bresal, RC xiii 40 § 10. Of a territory: Tir da Locha . . . / barcc reil ro hetrocht, Auraic. 5107.

? Moisi minn os betha barc (: Isaac), SR 3865. fo betha barc, 2819 . Note also: a hadbai Ailig / . . . / a bairc moir Mide / . . . / a crich Breg, Ériu viii 68.33 .

Of a prince or warrior: Aed Ailig uill / . . . / barc hordain áin, IT iii 21 § 62. Brandub barc i mbatar sluaig, LL 7239. Bran Berba ballglaine, / bārc thacid thriūin, Bruchst. 8 § 9 ( IT iii 14 § 31 ). greit ríg / . . . / barc bodbae (of Lóegaire B.), LU 8608 (rhet.). Cf. Húa Conaill . . . / bá b.¤ maone bá muir neccna (of Colum Cille), ZCP viii 197 § 13.

Compds. With noun: bárccuideachta ship's company, DDána 89.9 .

With adj.: tar muir mbarcláin (barcglan, v.l.), BS 30.9 . barr būadach bárclethan / lethas dar sōerchlanna of wide ships (?) (of Colum Cille), ACL iii 218 § 8.

With adj. derived from noun or vn.: barcbhuailteach (?), IT iii 97 § 158. sluagh . . . bárclibernach `ship-possessing', MR 214.y .

2 bil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bil or dil.ie/5878

 

adj expld. as good, fortunate, safe: b.¤ .i. maith, O'Cl. b.¤ tene .i. tene ṡoinmech (glossing Belltaine), Corm. 6. b.¤ .i. maith nó soinmech . . . bit secht mba bili, O'Dav. 205. b.¤ .i. inill, Thes. ii 326.19 (Hy. iv Comm.). b.¤ .i. slán, O'Dav. 206.

In lit. exx. vaguely laudatory allit. adj.: a brug Pharduis b.¤ , SR 1783. da cét ṁbargen ṁb.¤ , 6309 . fo bathis báin b.¤ , LL 353d79 . Mo Lliṅg Lúath, Cellach, Bróen b.¤ , RC xiii 44 § 27 . B. blaith b.¤ , LL 376. C. bruinne b.¤ , LL 1338. cech óen in tṡluaig-se báid b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 118.1 . dá leghtar mo betha b.¤ (said by Maedóc Ferna), BNnÉ 278 § 262 . ro marbsat in ṁbuadching b.¤ , LL 15667. a nónbur ban búadach b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. ii 28.7 . don Bannai b.¤ , iv 68.27 . tri fichit bliadan buan b.¤ , Fél. 78.27 . daro caith cet bliadan b.¤ , BB 25b55 . go brath mb.¤ , Duan. F. ii 130.11 . fri ré da c[h]ēd mbliad[h]ain mb.¤ , 156.7 .

In chevilles: fáth b.¤ , LL 2414. fo blaid b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 374.7 . tre baid mb.¤ , BB 273a2 ( Leb. Cert.² 800 n .). fri báire mb.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 116.27 .

Compds. each dha bho biolḟothach. luath a réim ar airdeamhain (rhet.), Ériu xiii 25.21 = each, dá boin bilfotach .i. slán cen ḟothach `free from glanders' (?), O'Dav. 206. (price of an `emain' poem): each da bo billathach (b.¤ `rich in milk', Misc. Hib. 22.5 ), Laws v 66.18 .

1 bith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bith or dil.ie/5971
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: inb, betho, beotho, betha, biuth, bithu, bithe, mbetha, bethaib

n u, m. GOI §§ 73 , 307 . n s. an b.¤ , Blathm. 245. a s. inb, Wb. 22b13 . g s. betho, 1a3 , 14b10 , 29a8 , 31b18 , Ml. 16c5 , 54a15 , 88a3 , beotho, Wb. 11a19 . betha, 15d9 . Ml. 46d6 , 68b9 . d s. biuth, Wb. 12c16 , Ml. 24b13 . a p. bithu, Wb. 4c4 . bithe, Beatha Bharra 62.111 , BNnÉ 7 § 23 . g p. mbetha, LU 2001 ( FA 6 ). d p. bethaib, Imr. Brain 26. b.¤ m. (acht gan illradh aige), IGT Decl. § 71.

I

(a) the world: isin biuthso gl. in hoc mundo, Wb. 12d4 . isin mb.¤-sa gl. in hunc mundum, 29b14 . is dered ṁbetho inso `this is the end of the world', 10b3 . fon mb.¤ `throughout the world', Thes. ii 334.4 (Hy. v). do thustin an betha, Ériu ii 98 § 1. tuigithir blath inb.¤ `blossom covers the world', Ériu xxii 41 § 4 (MS). ad-comaicc a erball do thochur in beatha tar a cheann (of Leviathan), BDD² 503. no sirfed . . . in m[b]ith mbras, LU 3554 ( SCC 29 ). céin boí in díliu forsin b.¤ (for b.¤ v.l.), Airne F. 76. in b.-sa is b.¤ cáich ar n-uair `this world belongs to each (generation) in turn', Ériu ix 48 § 22. m'ænur dolod forsin mb.¤ `alone I came into the world', ii 56 § 14 . da mad he in b.¤ uli dogebtha, PH 7581. timcheall an betha `round the world', TTebe 4471 . cech noeb . . . bias / for b.¤ barrglass broenach, Gorm. 250 Ep. § 1 . báidhtir an bioth, DDána 26.16 . do lucht an bheatha, TSh. 7645. Freq. in phr. fir betha inhabitants (men) of the world, mankind, people: fir betho, Ml. 16c5 . di ḟeraib Hérenn nach di feraib betha, BDD² 917.

Often in theolog. sense the (temporal or material) world as opposed to the spiritual one: ó deithidin in betho .i. ó sétchi, Wb. 10b15 . amal ro mbo marb Ísu don biuthso `dead to this world', 15b25 . ní car Brigit būadach b.¤ , Thes. ii 327.13 (Hy. v.). mo chlūasa / . . . / nār ēistet . . . / . . . for b.¤ bētach the shameless world, ZCP vi 259 § 3. docotar . . . fri tola in betho `to worldly desires', Wb. 29d8 . See 1 cé.

(b) land, territory, soil: urcollud b.¤ brug betha go banna .i. uasal-collud for in mb.¤ .i. for in tír, O'Dav. 312. dobeir in ṁblicht isin ṁb.¤ , Ériu ix 50 § 37. bid íatt bus mesa / dūibh for b.¤ Banba, ZCP viii 110. 31 . lachttrom dúibh an bioth `the land', Magauran 354 .

(c) existence, life: i ndiththrub in beotho `in the desert of Life', Wb. 11a19 . ná ragad ar cúlu . . . co bruinni mbrātha ┐ betha, TBC-I¹ 1834. báire an bheatha `life's game', Dán Dé vii 3 . ar táille an bheatha i n-a mbíod span of life, xxiii 25 . Note also: amal aipgitir in betha `the alphabet of the fauna', Auraic. 5600.

In ds. in phrases ar-beir, airbert, comairbert biuth, see these words.

In phr. isin b.¤ , for (ar) b.¤ in the world, in existence; hence developing to anywhere, at all; (follg. a noun) any, whatsoever, see also s.v. 1 cía; freq. follg. a noun in neg. sentences nothing, no(one) at all: can co rabur acht oenlá . . . ar b.¤ but one day alive, TBC-LL¹ 1112. baterc for b.¤ mnai a samail for chóemi scarcely anywhere was there to be found, PH 830. na Ulltach eli for b.¤ `or any Ultonian', MR 38.16 . imad dérchointe . . . ┐ cecha eccumsanta for b.¤ of every unrest whatsoever, PH 4314. a bpéin budh mó san mbioth `in the greatest possible pain' (Gloss.), Desid. 1440. gibé ar bioth ní whatever , 593 . ni chumaic tra nech for b.¤ (isin b.¤ frecnairc-sea, LU 1996 ) tuaruscbail . . . na n-oirecht sin, FA 6 (LB). nac fitir a chuphus for (ar v.l.) b.¤ cidh no biadh doib donn orgain, Anecd. ii 49 § 11. nach béradh aen troigh teichid . . . ar comha ar b.¤ , Cog. 252.18 = ar coma sa b.¤ , 186.10 . ní háil leam . . . obair ar bioth shaoghaltha, Desid. 2511. ní fhuil ar bioth eascairde aguinne as mó, 478 . Note also: ba lōr a onōraighi . . . ar b.¤, dia madh rī no-biadh ann grand . . . enough indeed for a king, Fl. Earls 46.z . ar b.¤ any, Eg. Gl. 707. nom-bera ar bith at all events, RC xxiv 60 § 19. tar gach mbioth ` everywhere ', BS 30.22 . See McCaughey, SGS xii 30 - 33 .

II Age, period (see GOI § 365 ): is hé in b.¤ dédenach diand ebrath b.¤ sīl Chuind ┐ Muman ind [ḟ]laith co bráth, ZCP viii 313.30 . b.¤ cc. rob. ccl. a `bith' is 200 years, a `robith' 250, O'Curry 21 (H.3.18, 9b). o rosaigh co dechnemur is ann is ro b.¤ , 20 (ibid.) ? ic turc[a]bail na mbithó, Lism. L. 760. In phr. isna (tre, tria) bithu for ever: is dia bendachthe isna bithu gl. benedictus in secula, Wb. 4c4 . tria bithu na mbetha (Lat. per saecula saeculorum), LU 2001 ( FA 6 ). tre bithu betha (= in saecula), Lat. Lives 2 § 2. noco techtai sruth intí ná eissi acht lán tre bithu (= semper), 29 § 23. ro hedhbhradh dó hí trí bithe 'was surrendered up to him in perpetuity', Beatha Bharra 62.111 ​​​​. anaid hi sist ┐ hi ccairdes tre bithe, BNnÉ 7 § 23​ . piana ... o nach ternaife tré bíthe, Aisl. Tond. xiii 3 . See sír.

Compds. (freq. bid- in Wb., but cf. bith- 3b4, 3b7, 24a17). Only in meaning lasting, permanent, perpetual (later also as intensive and/or alliterative prefix). Cf. b.¤ .i. sir, Corm. Y 126 n. 8 . nad etsa bas b.¤ , ACC 98 (indep. use of bith ever , Misc. Hib. 50 § 366 ).

With adjj.: ag Tegh Moling biothainglighi ` ever-angelic ', BS 80.y . an ógh bithálainn bennaighthe `beauteous', BNnÉ 275 § 254 . robo bith-buaghlach (? -báoglach) bailedhach buadhartha, O'Dav. 297. act bid bidbéo gl. non moritur, Wb. 3b2 . is bithbeo corp crist, 3b4 . bad bithbíi i n-ísu, 3b7 . totchurethar bíi bithbi (rhetoric), LU 10027. teine bithbéo ` perpetual ' (Vocab.), Críth G. 180. a bhó bhithbhliocht always rich in milk (of Mary), Aithd. D. 97.27 . fear biothcaithmheach ` constantly-spending ', AFM v 1424.26 . nipsa bla bithdilis (b.¤ diles, v.ll.) inalienable , Anecd. ii 60.6 . it bithdommai sidi dǽ gente gl. inopes, Ml. 36c14 . bithḟotai sidi gl. uocalibus semper longuis, Sg. 5b 1 . bithgairddi gl. perpetuo breues, Sg. 5a14 . scieth bithghel, TBC St. 4561. Ol ṅguala .i. dabach Geirg, for lár in tige bithlán ` ever-full ', Ériu iv 30.25 . Brigit bé bithmaith `ever excellent', Thes. ii 323.1 (Hy. iv). a cind secht mbliadan mbithmas, ZCP v 23 § 4 . no-meilinn léini mbithnuí, Lament 2 . combi bidslán ` ever-sound ', Wb. 4d33 . cen soinmigi ┐ doinmigi do tecmung . . . acht robu bithsóinmech doib, Ml. 90c27 . for pianad bithsuthin `in the everlasting punishment', Ml. 26d12 .

With nouns: .iiii. bliadna pennite ┐ bith-ailithre (= cum peregrinatione perenni), Ériu vii 144 § 21. beannacht ┐ bithbheannacht perpetual blessing, DDána 120.31 . bithbés troiscta `continual fasting', Mon. Tall. 161.1 . uita aeterna .i. . . . bid bidbethu, Wb. 4a13 . immin bidbethid, 15c14 . i mbithchāin `as a perpetual law', Cáin Ad. 28. bithchen do thíchtu, MU² 58. comalta ┐ fer bithchotaig dam, LU 6007 (TBC). mnā do uhith i mbithdōire in perpetual bondage, Cáin Ad. 16. bithfer fíta na riaglae one who keeps to the prescribed ration, Mon. Tall. 151.24 . donfé don bithflaith `eternal kingdom', Thes. ii 325.16 (Hy. iv). do bithgres always, SR 4912. ní dúthrais a bithingnais `his perpetual absence', Thes. ii 291.10 . [i m]bithphennit, Wb. 24a17 . bidserc doib gl. inseruerunt sé doloribus multis, Wb. 29b23 .

With vnn. doarngert bithanad isin chill sin, RC xxiv 56 § 17. bhithbeith gan forcenn i fudhomhnuibh pian, Ériu ii 122 § 63. biddixnugud fírinne `eternal existence', Wb. 14c31 . bidfoglim doib gl. semper discentes, 30c15 . in bithiata hi robaid riam `of the perpetual closure', Ml. 46a8 . ba ferr lim dobertha oldaas a bithtarṅgire than to be constantly promised, Mór M. 262 § 1.6 .

With vbs. ( GOI § 384 ): ro-bithbéo it pardus `may I be for ever', Fél. Ep. 39. faithchi i mbithbiat caírig `in which there are always' (Vocab.), Críth G. 198. in Coimde robhithbhai ┐ bhithbias, Ériu ii 106 § 19. ? is fris con bith bennaib búredar (= bith-buireadar co mbennaib, ed., 105 n.43), ZCP xi 87 § 48. a Chrīosd, bhiothmhairios ad th'airdrígh, Parrth. Anma 4827.

bóadach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bóadach or dil.ie/6202

 

x see búadach .

bras

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bras or dil.ie/6559

 

Forms: brais

adj o, ā. Of persons forward, boastful, defiant. In other contexts more vaguely great, forceful, violent, etc. Of sounds strident: a piana it brassa, Fél.² Prol. 75. no sirfed in Cú in m[b]ith mb.¤ , LU 3554 ( SCC 29 ). brogach, b.¤ / tir . . ., SR 977. lasaid fót fondbras (sic leg.) . . . fóa cruib (rhet.), LU 8661 ( FB 49 ). do barr bude brass `your thick yellow hair', TBC-LL² 3474 . Nombith (pl.) brais fierce (?) N., Auraic. 2537. siriti b.¤ birda (Medb of Cú Chulainn), TBC-I¹ 1706. brassa airnadma `quick to engage', Tec. Corm. § 16.26 . re dainibh bhrasa = cum . . . procacibus, ITS xxix 130.26 . Of voice, etc.: b.¤ gac greadhanglór, LL 395a9 ( Metr. Gl. 9. 6 ). fogur b.¤ a gotha `strident sound', TTebe 2011 . Cf. fogur bres, 2607 , 3995 . glór b.¤ `loud voice', Dán Dé xxix 5 . co cáintech b.¤ , ZCP vi 271.24 . an gealladh b.¤ `rash promise', Aithd. D. 7.22 .

Often alliterating or otherwise metrically fixed with resulting reduction in real meaning: cethri chet bliadna brassa . . ., LL 2654. mar ḟúarus a mbunad mbrass, / a ndúalus, a ndind-ṡenchas `their high origin', Metr. Dinds. iii 284.7 . a Tur Bregoin brais, LL 989. buidne brasa `eager hosts', Ériu iv 138.13 . dreach bh.¤ , DDána 73.26 . tré breithir mbrais ` boastful ', Lism. L. 2121.

Note: do-raduis ór ar shōrt sdāin bhrais, O'R. Poems 3237 (perh. Engl. brass , Gloss.).

Compar. as superl. is tú is brassi for domon `you are the most boastful man on earth', TBC-LL² 2995 .

As adv. iar mbeim cluig cailleach co b.¤ , Anecd. i 51.12 .

As subst. tíagait ria ríagaib in braiss mórmenmnaig (rhet.), LU 5472 (TBC). éslessach cech brass `every big talker is neglectful', Tec. Corm. § 15.27 . a bhrais bhréagaigh, DDána 50.13 . b.¤ .i. brég, O'Cl.

In chevilles: bladmar, brass, SR 29. ní bág b.¤ `no rash boast', Metr. Dinds. iii 78.7 . nī brīathar b.¤ , ZCP viii 119 § 43.

Compds. With noun : būadach brasgein, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 42 § 43. With adjj. Congalach cond mBregh mbrasglan, AFM ii 652.21 . ceann an mharcshluaigh bhrasluaith bhíodhgtha, Hackett xxxix 116 . brasach .i. bras-ōach .i. ōa mōra let[h]na le with large ears, O'Mulc. 190. badhgaire brasráitteach, TSh. 1720. a treide ṁban ṁbrassalach shamelessly lewd (of wives of the Tromdám), LL 3439. is de atá scél Sceóil ar bá brasscelach side a great storyteller (?), LU 10146.

brígrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brígrad or dil.ie/6823
Last Revised: 2013

 

n = bríg power(s), force: nísbaí b.¤ (: líg-blad) (brigmar, v.l.) búadach `victorious powers', Metr. Dinds. iv 200.12 . duine dárbu ró brígrad bríathar `a man to whom the power of words was excessive´ EIS 142 § 25 . See bríg compds.

búadach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búadach or dil.ie/7199
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: buadach, buadhcha, mbuadach

adj o, ā ( búaid, GOI § 349. See Ériu xxii 50 ) victorious, triumphant, triumphal, prevailing ; preeminent, having many outstanding qualities, gifted: Eochaid Buadhach .i. togaidhi, O'Dav. 223. frisin ríg ṁbuadach, Ml. 116b5 . buadach gl. triumphale, 51b26 . Brigit būadach , Thes. ii 327.13 (Hy. v). barr būadach bárclethan (of Colum Cille), ACL iii 218 § 8. isin bithḟlaith búadaig, Fél. Prol. 272. dobert . . . síl ṁb. ṁbech nErenn, Feb. 13. buadach re (chev.), Rawl. 84b14 . Conchobar būadach , Sc.M² 21c . buidne buadcha, LL 18553. buadhcha, Anecd. i 67 § 150. māthair Eōin būadaigh baisdi, ZCP viii 562 § 9. ro buí si . . . buadhach bélcorcra banamail `gifted', Stair Erc. 512. a bheannach bhuadhach (to the Cross), DDána 41.31 . don Egluis bhúadhaigh mhíleta = triumphant, RSClára 45b . an bhfuil urnuigh na heagluise comh buadhach sin a láthair Dé `prevailing', Donlevy 440.18 .

pn As epithet: Lōegaire būadach mac C., TBC-I¹ 2931. Eochu Buadhach, Cóir Anm. 90. LL 13316.

As n. pr. m. Buadach mac Birchluí, LL 27566. ainm dó im gach mbuaidh Buadhach (of a prince), DDána 98.11 . síd Boadaig, LU 10045 ( Echtrae Chonnlai 123 § 14 ).

As subst. [o, m.] inna mbuadach gl. uictorum, Ml. 21d8 . 34a12 .

búadchas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búadchas or dil.ie/7204

 

Forms: buades, buadhachas

n ( búadach ): mac ruc dar berna b.¤ (: cass) `victory', Metr. Dinds. iv 202.6 (buachas, buades, v.ll.). buadhchas .i. buadhachas, O'Cl. buadhachas m. ` victory, triumph ', Dinneen .

1 búaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búaid or dil.ie/7221
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: boid, mbuaid, boad, bód, búadach, mbuáid, būed, buade, buada, -mbuadhe, buaidi, ṁbúada, ṁbúade, buáith, bōaidh, búada, búada, búada, bhúaidhe, buada, búadae, búade, mbúadaib, búadh, búaidh, búadha, buaidhe, buada, buadha, buadchind

n i, n., perh. earlier ā, f. Arch. boid gl. (ad) bravium (sic leg.), Wb. 24a16 (a prima manu). n s. a mbuaid , Ml. 43b7 (gl. triumphus). b.¤ , Fél. Oct. 12. b.¤ nIóib, May 11 . boad, Corp. Gen. 7.3 . bód (buaid, MS : óg), Ériu xxii 42 § 10 (earliest form ? Cf. búadach , 50 n. 10). a s. a mbuáid , Wb. 11a6 . būed, ZCP xii 234 § 47. g s. buade, Wb. 24a17 (cf. GOI § 301 ). buada (: -chūala), Thes. ii 349.7 (Hy.v). -mbuadhe (: huaighe), Blathm. 418 , buaidi, 625 . ṁbúada (: Chlúana), Fél. Prol. 183. ṁbúade, June 5 . d s. don buáith , Wb. 11a7 . d a s. fo bōaidh , ZCP x 45.22 . n a p. búada, LU 10184. na tri búada , 6893 (BDD). teóra búada , 6407 (TBC), buada, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, 438 § 1 . bhúaidhe, IGT Decl. ex. 126. buada, Fél. p. 156.12 . g p. búadae, Fél. Mar. 12. búade, May 3 . d p. co mbúadaib , Jan. 27. búadh m. g s. n p. búaidh, búadha, IGT Decl. § 38 (88.6) . g s. buaidhe, Donlevy 402.14 .

(a) victory, triumph: buaidh `victory', Eg. Gl. 64. buáid et indocbál domsa, Wb. 30d13 . a mbuáid inna mmíled talmande, 11a10 . is óinfer gaibes buáid diib, 11a4 . ní ba unus gebas a mbuáid huáibsi, 11a6 . di buaid inna mbabelóndae, Ml. 115d9 . amal runucad buáid diib `as victory had been won over them', Ml. 104a8 . Cf. IT i 72.10 ( LMU 8 ). aní atreba b.¤ no molad gl. palmarium, Sg. 35a10 . iar ṁb. ┐ coscur, Fél. Ep. 23. b.¤ Maicc Dé dia námait, Feb. 15. PH 4900. cach buaid fri hU Neill, Lat. Lives 81 .z . do ruc buaidh na coimhlinga, Feis Tighe Chonáin 994. seoid ┐ maine . . . log a mbuada, TTebe 24651 . buaidh cogaidh, Stair Erc. 2130. buaidh cáigh ar Laighnibh the Laigin conquered all, LBranach 2427 . Eagluis na mBuadh Church Triumphant, Eochairsg. 73.12 .

With follg. defining gen. esp. in religious contexts victory, palm, crown, etc. (of martyrdom, penitent's death, etc.): iar ṁbuaidh ega is aitrighe, BB 59a4 . īar mbūaidh mbrethamhnuis, ZCP viii 213 § 64. dochotar buaid martra, LB 220a51 . Cf. PH 6520. b.¤ n-ailithre `the prize of pilgrimage ', Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 19 . birt būaidh [n]-eccna (Colum Cille), ZCP viii 197 § 6. Cf. iar mbreith bhuadha ó dhomhan ┐ ó dhemhan, AFM ii 982.7 . do bhean buadh, Aithd. D. 95.29 .

(b) special quality or attribute, gift, virtue (see Jn. Celt. Stud. i 98-104 ; the positive equivalent of geis, LEIA B-107 ); pre-eminence, excellence; prerogative; with follg. gen. us. the choicest, best: buaidh .i. toga, O'Dav. 223. buaidh .i. maith, ut est buaidh innsgi anaib great courtesy is the most excellent thing in speech, 199 . b.¤ precepte `the gift of teaching', Wb. 27c20 . dom-berthar b.¤ lére the gift of fervour, zeal, Fél. Prol. 3. būada in betha `Herrlichkeilen', Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, 438 § 1 . má bód / mBreg mbras, Ériu xxii 42 § 10. biaid b.¤ láech ┐ chleirech huait co bráth (i.e. you will produce the best of warriors and clerics), Trip.² 1071. is buaid laech, is fo in fer atacualamar, Hib. Min. 72.31 . itāat trī būada formsa .i. būaid roisc, ┐ indtliuchta ┐ airdmesa accomplishments , TBC-I¹ 298. búada imda . . . . a gáes . . . b.¤ clessamnachta. buaid mbúanfaig . . . buaid n-airdmiusa, LU 10153. buaid do gal, do gart, do gaisced, do gen fāilte fri cach n-óen, Fing. R. 497. a Loegairi . . . a b.¤ n-óc nUlad, LU 8111 ( FB 8 ). fuil buaid clérig . . . / for gruaid Ailig, LL 21937. aill do buadaib Duind Ch. and-so .i. coica samaisce no daired cach lái, TBC-LL¹ 1529. bha b.¤ caintaisceda a treasured possession (a sword), 5957 . bratt bommannach co mb.¤ cach datha thariss with quality, LL 11944. b.¤ fir bí `the noblest living man' (of Colum Cille), Metr. Dinds. ii 40.20 . rob lir buada beannachtan / ar do ṡíl, Leb. Cert.² 174.132 . `tarrais buaid focail fair ┐ n-anma' (i.e. you have named him well), Acall. 5533. a buaid na mban o flower of women, ML² 736. seacht n-urgarta rígh Temruch . . . A sheacht mbúadho .i. íascc Bóinne, fíadh Luibnighe . . . entitlements (?), PRIA liv (1951) 8.6 . na gessa sin ┐ na buada, BB 267b3 . gur coilled a gesa ┐ gur brised a buada `(Cúchulainn vit) que ses interdits avaient été violés et que ses vertus étaient anéanties´ Comp. CC 81 § 13 (Aided Con Culainn) , LEIA B-107 . Cf. BB 267 b 3 above. .iii. buadae laechdachtae .i. fessae, toglae, tānae, O'Mulc. 526. a c[h]lérig, . . . mac . . . meic beōiri būaid mbainde, MacCongl. 33.17 . buaid ndibeirge an unsurpassed outrage, Prolegomena 29 n. a guidhe is blagh dá buadhaibh (of the Cross) `one of the blessings', Aithd. D. 88.12 .

(c) good, advantage, profit, benefit: nocon fetur . . . / in buaid dorignius no in bet, LU 3861 ( SCC 38 ). noca nedh(a) sin is buaid ann Suibni do dul ar geltacht, acht ar facaib do scelaib ┐ do laidhib dia eis, Laws iii 88.5 Comm. cía buaid duinne tadall in sídasa ?, Dinds. 65 ( LL 22557 ). ba ferr b.¤ a n-anocail oldás b.¤ a ṅgona, BDD² 953 - 4 . is hē a mbūaid (of alms), ACL iii 319 § 73. d'ḟéachain buadh na saobh-ṡroth `seeing the good of those wild floods', Content. xxx 29. fri buaig da cach duil, Ériu ii 124 § 75.

Attrib. g s victorious, triumphal; pre-eminent, outstanding; precious: adrad Maicc Dé dán búada `victorious art!' Thes. ii 349.7 (Hy. v). ? cethracha blíadan co mbáig / ṁbúadai lan ríaglach tria rím, Ériu vii 228 § 68. dobert bendacht ṁbúade/ for epscop Erc, Fél. Nov. 2. ech buada , 156.11 ` valuable ', Laws i 230.z. cuairt buadha `a triumphant visit', Ériu iv 112 § 1 . an ghein brigmar bhúadha, Duan. F. ii xlv 2 (` gifted '). feacht buadha `a triumphant progress' (i.e. death), BNnÉ 287.1 . Eoin buadha Baiste, Celt. Rev. x 133. 17 . cloch bhuaidhe ` gem ', Rel. Celt. ii 234.27 . líog buadha, TD 41.17 . aimsear bhuadha, Keat. Poems 1347. ? Predic. g s. nir buada a athig mé / i mbethaidh maic D. (said by the widow of mac D. to a churl who wishes to force her to be his wife), D IV 2, 53 vb 20 .

In salutation: att-re buaidh ┐ bennachtain, Grail 2981 . beir buaidh ┐ beannachtain, Feis Tighe Chonáin 205.

Freq. in chevilles: b.¤ suthain, Fél. Nov. 28.

In phr. co mb.¤ (búadaib) (freq. a cheville): gein co mbúadaib, Fél. Jan. 27 (`with victories'). mac Māil co mbuaidh, ML² 1292. béra in memrum fá buaidh, ZCP ii 225.2 . bheith fa bhuaidh nó bheith slán, DDána 46.31 . orusa dhamh dul fa bhuaidh `I am likely to win', PBocht 18.5 . Goill re céd mblíadhan fa bhúaidh victorious , IGT Decl. ex. 333.

Compds. With nouns: tre būadail `durch einen siegreichen Stein', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 1 .i. ail bauda (sic), v.l. add. atbath iar ṁbuadail co mblaid, Rawl. 164a24 . buadhall .i. all buadhach no halla buadach ` all-victorious ', O'Cl. buadharg .i. láoch buadhach, ib. Mag nItha tes Brí buadchind (attrib. g s.), LL 554. ro marbsat in ṁbuadching bil, 15667 . corn na mbuadh-chloch precious stones, A. Ó Dálaigh ix 3. búadfocol an ro radis you've hit the nail on the head (?), LU 10060. .u.c. bliadna buadgaire, BB 357b13 = bith-glaine, Metr. Dinds. ii 50.12 . buadgein buagnige, IT iii 247.115 . bethir borb būaidgniad, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18 § 17. buaidliae (sic leg.) gl. lapis uictoriae, Sg. 15b11 . buadliae, Sg. 113a2 . buadremmend ind Léith Macha `victorious courses', RC iii 181.37 ( LL 14055 ). bar hEirc Buadaig buaidrī, Corp. Gen. 9.15 . Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18 § 21 . With n. pr. bri buad-Cuinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 62.7 . is C. dligetar / arróet caincomram búadErcoil, LU 8950 ( FB 71 ).

With adj.: Búaidbeó (n. pr.), Fél. Nov. 17. circi Bairci na mbuadgarg (subst.), BB 399a43 .

With adj. derived from noun: Buadgalach (n. pr.), LL 11519 (TBC).

See 1 cath, 1 il.

? 1 búasach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 1 búasach or dil.ie/7295

 

adj o, ā (1 búas): buasach .i. buadach, ut est amail asidhroilli cach buasach biaid, O'Dav. 225. a bretheamna aircinne ruire bretheaman buasaigh learned (?), O'Curry 2485 ( Eg. 88, 39ba ). See Ériu xiii 22.30 .

buidenda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. buidenda or dil.ie/7362

 

n = buidnech: mo bráth beoda b.¤ , BB 128a13 = mo bár buadach buidhenda `with goodly retinue ', Leb. Cert.² 154.27 .

bunatta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bunatta or dil.ie/7459

 

Forms: -ae

adj [-ae, io, iā] (bunad) original, basic, permanent, etc., but us. as allit. adj. of vague meaning: in comrargu b.¤ original sin, MacCongl. 13.16 . dream caem fa bunata bladh of enduring fame, BB 25a19 . L. maic bunattai B., 237a14 . brithem bind ba bunata, LL 25751 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 320.11 ). buidhne . . . beoda . . . bunata ` primary ', CCath. 5367 . buaili bunata boghadh, Caithr. CC 67. ? giosda bunata bun-ramhar bláthaidhe `a can of heavy sediment of buttermilk', O'Rah. (1900) 246.y . Compar. ni fhaca laoch . . . / . . . bu bunata, LL (facs.) 396.2 . ua bunata e anda cach fear `of better constitution', TTebe 394 . As subst. a buadach, a bunata, Ériu i 122.18 .

2 cernach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cernach or dil.ie/8775

 

adj o, ā (3 cern) victorious, triumphant : bid c.¤, bid cathbúadach, ZCP xi 87 § 52 ( LL 37625 ). Aed eangach na nuachath / cathcro cearnach, IT iii 89 § 116 . c.¤ caur cruaidgniad, Corp. Gen. 9.8 . Conall comhrumhach .i. cearnach, O'Curry 2410 ( Eg. 88, 32 (33)b ). cearnach .i. buadach , Stowe Gl. 29 . ? cearnach dubhairt Dīa do adhradh, ZCP viii 198 § 24 .

As epithet of Conall son of Amorgin: Conall C.¤ . . . .i. Conall trénḟer, . . . nó Conall C.¤ .i. Conall buádhach, Cóir Anm. 252 . cearn .i. buaid. unde dicitur Conall C. .i. buadach insin, Thr. Ir. Gl. 11 . As subst. clann an chernoigh Chonoill, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 36 . As n. pr. m. C.¤ Sotal, BColm. 72.2 . Níall mac Cernaigh Sotail, RC xvii 210.15 (Tig.).

1 clí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 clí or dil.ie/9466
Last Revised: 2013

 

n f. in chlí, Thes. ii 295.4 . Appar. indeclinable; but see perh. d. sg. clith, Ériu xxix 157 = AM .

(a) a house-post : is c.¤ darach Moysi [i]sin tegdais `an oaken pillar', Wb. 33a5 (` leg., with Chroust, clin', Strachan). cach comarbbae cona ch.¤ inna chaīnorbbae clandas `Hauspfosten', ZCP xi 81 § 13 . ate-midiur-sa ar mo chenéuil clith 'I estimate them by the house-post of my kin' Ériu xxix 157 (= AM 4.18 , 63.163) . cach comarbba cona ch.¤ i cind a thíre techtai, LL 293b12 . fo chlí mo chuile, Lament 104 § 31 . nico n-airsitis cli fri alaile that they would find the house completely destroyed, Vita Br. 1 . sádis c.¤ and ┐ asbert robad chongbail ┐ cathir dó, Trip.² 1731 (castrametatus est, Lat. Lives 34.4 ). amail atcumaic in c.¤ isin tegdais ō lár co clēithi, Corm. Y 275 . ar a chosmaile fri clī thige, ibid. ní hasta dilsi, na tuinide, na c.¤, na cuaille . . . , O'D. 580 ( H 3.17, 444 ). ni rudhradh nad astann cli na cuailli .i. nocha ro tairismech é itir muna astaighte cli a tighi air a aititin fir bunaidh, O'Curry 435 ( H 3.18, 235b ). c.¤ .i. cleath, O'Cl. Equated with cleth: ce dobre bir clethi fordorus .i. cia doburnaid fair banna don c.¤ biraich bis osonn fordorus, O'Dav. 620 . By extension: cia braenaighther bainne do cli biraith na cainnle the pointed candle-stick(?), O'Dav. 320 .

(b) Freq. in Fig. use of a person, champion, support, prop; authority : in ch.¤ comras cond credail / ollmas fu thocaid tugaib `the mighty balk . . . great (and) good under roofs of fortune', Thes. ii 295.4 (SP v). c.¤ de rgóir . . . | Findbarr Maige Bili, Fél. Sept. 10 . lam Chua, c.¤ búadach , Acr. 6 . ard-chli os Emna oenuch (of a king), AU i 418.6 . c.¤ .i. comarba, ut est, Cobtach cloth c.¤ in crabaid, O'Curry 1301 ( H 3.18, p. 540a ) (citation from LB 101b59 ). ar ṅDia . . . / ar C., SR 7483 . a ch.¤ gaili cen eisslis (to Saul), 5994 . arm-char c.¤ `a weapon-loving champion', Metr. Dinds. ii 40.61 . Exceptionally of a woman: ingean d'Aengus, glan a gairi, / cli roscar in Daire dearg, Ériu x 82 § 57 . Of a tooth: en fiacuil im chind gan cli, Fen. 294.5 . c.¤ an éirnidh an ionnaithmhigh an authority in explaining and unriddling? RC iv 354.2 . do thaobh na haithne si (sc. the first commandment) . . . cuir ad mheabhair an ní adéra an ch.¤ riot, Mac Aingil 3212 .

1 cobthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cobthach or dil.ie/9858

 

adj (cob): cobt[h]ach .i. būadach , Corm. Y 207 . O'Cl. ? As n. pr. C., Corp. Gen.

cuibrenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuibrenn or dil.ie/13464

 

n o (perh. modification of a compd. of com + 1 rann. Cf. comrann. Second element perh. ferenn (ferenn), Breatnach, Celtica iv 206-7 ). Treated as n. in: cuibrend n-éroll, LL 3721 . i trí cuibrend chommóra, 19446 .

(a) portion (us. of food): tairmchell corn ┐ cuibrend, LL 34309 ( LMU 1 ). dobeir . . . luch for cuibrend cech ḟir díb, RC xiii 446 § 27 . rogha cuibhrinn, xii 340 § 31 . lucht cuibrind, Auraic. 1964 . in maistred dognith B. ros fodail in díb cuibhrennaib déc, Lat. Lives 69.x = i nde rainn deac, Vita Br. 12 . teasgadh ceart ar gach cuibhreann `every portion was justly cut', Celtica ii 163 § 24 . na céd chuibhrinn annsna fésduidhibh, Luke xx 46 . Fig. nīrbo c.¤ drochlaige `a coward's portion', Fianaig. 12 § 13 . Of land, etc.: Tir da Locha, . . . / . . . cuibrend buadach , Auraic. 5106 . rosbia a thúath féin saer ┐ mo chubrendsa féin dó, LL 38609 . ata in chrích 'na cuibhreandaib gan aen rig uirri `has been divided', Hy Maine 134.10 . Note also: cuibhreann dom ré `much of my life', Magauran 1137 . ? M. réile ch.¤ , Rawl. 82b30 .

(b) Freq. in phr. i c.¤ sharing with, in the company of, together with: dlegair i cuibrind rīg raith / brethem is fili is flaith, ACL iii 223.20 . ni caithi[m]sa proind dogres . . . can cæcait am chuibhrind, IT iii 197.16 . mar do ith seachd miaich shaloinn 'na chuibhreann, Desid. 3810 . a cuibhrenn an imper, ZCP vi 63.20 . go mbíodh i gcuibhreann na muc fán meas `feeding with the pigs on the mast' (Gloss.), TSh. 3451 . i gcóirchuibhreann do chuiris / . . / an cuire together, DDána 20.24 . da mbeth si a cuibrinn astigh = una ex discumbentibus, Smaointe B. Chr. 1543 .

(c) Of persons company, band, crowd: deichenbar c.¤ in ríg a king's company, O'Gr. Cat. 579.3 . cuibhrionn comhchródha, Duan. F. i 17 § 6 . ag ceileabhradh don chuibhreann, Aithd. D. 14.5 . cenn cuibrinn a[r] a fine fein, AU iii 272.1 . a ínnarba[dh] . . . lesna cuibrennaibh sin `by those allies', ii 470.28 . trúaille críadh uman ccuibhrionn (our) companions, Bard. Synt. Tr. 210.13 . atāid fēn ┐ ughdair iomdha ele i ccuibhreannuibh im leabhraibh iomdha are on different sides regarding, Celtica i 98.349 .

? cuisnet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? cuisnet or dil.ie/13713

 

ind cuisnit .i. cos-nait .i. cos na dāla forsa n-airiset[h]air in dālaigi. Is cuige ┐ is ūaidhe doagair, ┐ is fuiri arsisedar. Is de nī bī ūtmall ind ái, Corm. Y 321 = Corm. 13 . c.¤ .i. cuis nétens, in tugait taithneamach, in breth co paramail `c. the lawsuit nitens, etc. ', O'Dav. 552 (note compares consniatt .i. cosnam, etc., 516 ). cuindreach claine cuisnite .i. as caindirghaidh dona claenaibh in cuis a neit, O'Curry 1908 ( 23 P 3, 23 (21)bb ). ni tagair for brethem buadach gach cuisniti contuaisi fria guth gile les labra, 2267 ( Eg. 88, 19bb ) = cach cuis ní ti, O'D. 580 ( H 3.17, 444 ).

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