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1 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 acht or dil.ie/200
Last Revised: 2019

 

(freq. act in O. Ir. glosses). See GOI § 908 . Later ach.

I As prep. with accus. (see Ériu xvii 79 , ZCP xxv 237 , Ériu lx 137-42 )

(a) save, except (lit. outside, Thurn.): cách act tiamthe `every one save Timothy', Wb. 23d5 . bacc de echaib a.¤ serrchu, Laws ii 118.9 . a.¤ cuit naige fine, iv 194.26 . roslechtsat do Patric a.¤ cóicḟir all except five bowed to P., Trip.² 1652 . fiche a.¤ sé bliadna i.e. 14 years, LL 15069 . ar di-legad síl Dubthaig Daīl ... acht claind Moathaire 'for [all] the descendants of Dubthach the Beetle were destroyed ... except for the kindred of Mothaire', Aided Echach 96 §4 (g) (h) . di-legath síl Dubthig Dōeltengath and act cethra conchuiriu, Aided Echach 94 § 1​ . achd ré n-aithrighe d'fhagháil save that there was time for repentance, DDána 64.9 .

(b) More freq. after neg. vb. as in: act aní ropridchussa dúib (nothing) save gl. nihil . . . sapietis, Wb. 20b4 . nand asse díchenglad cor mbél . . . inge (acht, MS) nóe curu it is not proper to dissolve contracts . . . except for nine contracts . . . Ériu xvii 66 §§ 4 , 5 .

(c) Hence in sense of Engl. only, merely , etc. (cf. Fr. ne . . . que): ar ni arilsem-ni act dígail for we have deserved only punishment, Wb. 20d14 . ni bí nach dethiden foir act fognam do día his only care is to serve God, 10b9 . ni gessid . . . act búaid precepte, 26a34 . nicon chloor act for caínscél, 23b41 . connaccon bet a.¤ degnimai less so that he may have only good works, Ml. 129a9 . ní rádat som a.¤ bréic ┐ togaís they speak only lies and deceit, 31a18 . in tan nád techtat a.¤ oin aimsir `when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . nī fūar a ssēt a.¤ Maire `I have found not her like save Mary', Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). a.¤ fo thri nico rotroisci M. `that M. never fasted but thrice', Mon. Tall. 157.5 (§ 72) muna bed a.¤ don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib, Laws iv 158.5 . nach ístais biad . . . a.¤ biad Conchobair, IT i 75.15 . conna-ruc a.¤ oīnchois ūaim, Sc.M² 12 . ni boi arm la Hiruath . ... a.¤ bocṡlaitt moir, PH 850 (a.¤ bocslat mor, v.l., ZCP xiv 147.7 ). na déantar lámh dhearg a.¤let none but her be outlawed(?) Dán Dé ix 9 . nach fuil a.¤ talam ┐ luaith san cholainn daonna nothing but earth and ashes, TSh. 432 . gan a.¤ mac tíre 'na sesamh rena brollach only a wolf standing at her breast (instead of her own calf), BNnÉ 164 § 34 . Note also: dearna a láimhe a.¤ a lámh oile / clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 , where a neg. is implied (see notes).

(d) With emphasising nammá, amáin: a.¤ comparit neutair nammá gl. non inuenitur nisi neutri generis, Sg. 41a8 . act seircc ndée tantum (= nammá) gl. non quaerit quae sua sunt, Wb. 12c2 . a.¤ nammá renders Lat. nisi forte, 9d21 , 12c32 . a.¤ éolas nammá, TBFr. 392 . ní thérna díb a.¤ oenchóicer namá, BDD² 1494 . teach . . . cen dorus . . . a.¤ seinistir ┐ forleas namá a house without any door but a window and skylight only, 81 . a.¤ dá angel amáin ní bátar and, LL 291a3 . ní bhí a.¤ an moladh amháin / ní don domhan a.¤ díoláimh `save praise alone', TD 31.8 . a.¤ trōcaire Dé amhāin, Fl. Earls 134.20 .

(e) So also with follg. mad (cf. acht má as conjunction infra): a.¤ mad a claind `unless it be her (own) children' (gl. docere autem mulieri non permitto), Wb. 28b13 . ni ruc . . . claind . . . a.¤ mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . nád aithgainethar . . . a.¤ mad indred n-indligthech, Críth G. 564 . noco ria nech dib ar éc . . . a.¤ mad Essu ┐ Caleb, SR 4732 . a.¤ mad aenfer, Anecd. i 63 § 115 . indis dam firindi, riam nucha n-ebartais a.¤ mad guth ceart, Fen. 156.21 . ni bhíodh neach aga ghoire a.¤ madh na hoighe allaid `save only the deer', ZCP i 64 § 57 .

(f) Hence in adv. phrase a.¤ (mad) becc lit. except (but only) a little, hence almost: combo marb a.¤ bec until he was almost dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). a mboi de ór . . . oca a.¤ becc almost all the gold they had, PH 999 . fāsughudh C. . . . a.¤ becc `almost total devastation', RC xvii 384.23 (Tig.). corloiscit cella fer Midhi a.¤ mad becc, 389.7 .

II As conjunction

(a) In sense save only that, except that (folld. by nasalising rel. clause in O.Ir., see GOI § 503 ) (freq. with nammá): ro legsat canóin amal rundalégsam-ni a.¤ ronda-sáibset-som tantum `they have read the Scripture text as we have read it save only that they have perverted it', Ml. 24d24 . accobor la mmenmuin maid do imradud act nandléicci concupiscentia carnalis , Wb. 3d13 . Borg Emna ro tetha / a.¤ mairte a clocha `save that its stones remain', Fél. Prol. 194 . is bēlra dligthech concanat, a.¤ nat aithgnet cluasa dōine, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . a.¤ nach deachaidh tar muir Manann, riámh ní rosgabh rí ba fearr, Keat. ii 5755 . So also in the following (where rel. not marked): haue a.¤ ro noebad / do Dunlang `a grandson, save that he has been hallowed, of D.', Fél. April 11 . manid caindleóracht in tige as ail duit do chosnamh a.¤ namá bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch except that the house is more likely to catch fire than its inmates to get light, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). conrotacht . . . a tech . . . fo chosmailius na Cráebrúadi . . . a.¤ nammá ro derscaigestar a tech so . . . do thigib inna hamsiri, 8046 ( FB 1 ). coro ṡollsigset in catraig na dluma derga . . . a.¤ ni loisctís nech nama without however burning anyone, LB 152b41 .

(b) With má, mani, cé (see Vendryes, Ériu xvi 21f. ). With má except if, unless: act ma chotchela gl. numquid Israhel non cognouit, Wb. 5a9 . act massu made in chretem rochretsid gl. nisi frustra credidistis, 13a34 . act mad melltach lassin fer `unless it be agreeable to the husband', 9d17 . act mad óentu dúib occa gl. ex consensu, 9d22 . tír Cannain . . . / nista . . . / a.¤ ma rannait . . . / for meic iar for n-adnacul unless your sons divide it SR 4735 . ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch . . . a.¤ ma ḟrisnasar a ḟlaith, Críth G. 79 . nocho chumcaid-si imchaisin Críst a.¤ ma blasti bás ar thús, Trip.² 1147 . ní talla a léni de a.¤ mad fria huaim `he may not take off his shirt except it be to stitch it', Ériu vii 140 . Note also: a.¤ má dothísad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa, Trip.² 1354 .

(c) With mani except if . . . not. So in some early exx., but later = a.¤ má or mani: a.¤ manidchomalnid a rropridchad dúib gl. nisi forte reprobi estis (you show that God is in you except you fulfil not what has been preached to you, Wb. 18b7 . ni ba messi dogena a.¤ manimléicther ind it is not I who will do it unless I am not allowed in i.e. provided I am not forbidden to enter, RC xxv 26.9 . noco mberthar uaimse ait na halma ass (leg. a.¤ Vendryes, loc. cit.) manip aúrderg limsa, LU 5029 (TBC) unless I do not consider them visible i.e. worthy of being seen (Vendryes). a.¤ minab edrud ┐ grian, `provided it be not between thee and the sun', Ériu viii 122.28 . In follg. exx. = a.¤ má, a.¤ mani: ni segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein unless the child seems likely to die, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . fotdáilfind i n-ilpartib . . . a.¤ manibad F. were it not for F. LU 5673 (TBC). ?is mesi . . . dliges a caurathmir a.¤ mani brister anfír form unless I am treated unfairly, LU 8986 ( FB 74 ). ni raga ass . . . a.¤ manit ainge ben unless a woman protect you, 3352 ( SCC 14 ). ní maith duit imthecht t'oenur a.¤ mani[d] dáil fir no thēig, Fing. R. 91 . acht mana maidi in talam found unless the ground breaks under us, TBC-I¹ 3577 = mono thaeth (muna maidhi, muna maoighthfe v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5975 . ni ra cotail C. risin re sin, a.¤ mani chotlad fithisin ṁbic . . . C. did not sleep during that time except for a little while, 2473 = a.¤ mad mani chotlad, LU 6338 . nach fer gentor a.¤ mona bentar a cend de unless his head is cut off, RC xii 88 § 99 . a.¤ mana bera lat in topur so `unless you take away this well', Lism. L. 4669 . a.¤ muna faghbam ní dar cobair orra sin ní bia duine a mbethaid unless we can find something to protect us from them there will not be a person alive, Acall. 6174 . ní dénann urchóitt do neach acht mona derna nech urcóit di, Maund. 33 . nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11 . a.¤ munab í M. th' iarraidh, Eachtra Uill. 4300 .

(d) With cia even though, even if: act ci nip lour `even though it be not sufficient', Wb. 11d15 . nach facamur riamh roimhi, / a.¤ gér cian ar comnoide though long has been our sojourn, Ériu iv 114.32 . tu easbal dob annsa leis /. . ./ a.¤ ger ionmhuin gach easbal, Dán Dé i 9 . ba menmarc leis co mberadh buaidh a.¤ ge bhadar ced fan fer `he wished to defeat them even though they were a hundred to one', Stair Erc. 1471 . acht gidh mór do maith doronuis co ró-so, ZCP vi 67.8 . for imegla a bhāssaigthe a.¤ ge ro baoi i n-a Pāpa, Fl. Earls 206.20 . a.¤ gér laoch mear even though he was a swift warrior, LBranach 7210 . Samson, a.¤ gér chalma a neart, Éigse iv 188.71 .

(e) In conditional sense if only, provided that (folld. in O. Ir. by perfective subj. except where an impossible condition is implied, see GOI § 904 ): bíth and beos acht ropo i tuil dée `let him still abide therein provided it be in God's will', Wb. 10a25 . act ní arbarat biuth inna túari provided they eat not the foods, 10c1 . bid maith mo menmese act rocloor for cáinscéilsi `my mind will be glad provided I hear good news of you', 23d2 . atá comeisseírge act rocretem oipred dæ, 27a15 . ni imned lim act rop Crist pridches, 23b24 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea . . . a.¤ rofeasmais conair dá thig if only we knew the way to his house, BDD² 262 . a.¤ rop coir ní gellas, Críth G. 505 . a.¤ ropom airdric-se (ropa airdercsa LU), maith lim cen co bend buan acht oenlaa, TBC-I¹ 571 . ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib (sic leg.) `the lay folk deem it enough to win a place in heaven if only they have given something to their confessors', Mon. Tall. 141.16 (§ 35) . doémat na trī sailm-sea . . . acht rogabthar gach dīa, ZCP iii 30.23 . With non-perfective vb.: a.¤ ni bed úall and `if only there were no pride in it', Wb. 10b27 . nico mórbrig laisim and a.¤ ní cometestar dond accobar `he counts it no great matter provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 152.7 (§ 63) . a.¤ com-messind-se mo maccu nī diṅgentais do chride chrád if only I were able to control my sons, Fing. R. 498 . Note also: noco nindligthech do gin co tuca abad acht techtugad do breith `provided that he has brought the means of taking possession', Laws iv 4.15 .

(f) Similarly with follg. co n-: ríge láech nErend . . . dait . . . a.¤ co nderna mo chomarlisea provided thou do, LU 8114 ( FB 8 ). a.¤ cor damthar fír fer dam ol sé atbér, 9213 (94) . a.¤ co rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria provided there are sureties to satisfy me, MU² 64 . a.¤ co nde[r]nat maith / flaith uaidib co bráth, Trip.² 1798 . cretfemit do Christ a.¤ co ro-fhindamm a nert, PH 345 . nis-fil do plāig . . . for bith nachus-bera sin for cūlu, a.¤ corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430 § 21 . With non-perfective vb.: asbert . . . nod lemad a mbrethugud a.¤ co ndaimtis nammá fora breith, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). dá fessed a.¤ combad fer ulcach nod ngonad no mairfedsom he ind (mixed constr.) 6110 (TBC). cuma a dteasda uan dom aois / gan suan feasda a.¤ go bhféadmaois, Dán Dé xvii 5 . a cōir féine a.¤ go bhfagha / ni dóigh Éire i n-aontamha, TD 24.1 . Hence as soon as: act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi berthir úaib Laudocensibus gl. et cum lecta fuerit apud vos aepistola [haec] facite ut et in L. aeclesia legatur, Wb. 27d13 . aiggelat sa hé a.¤ co roisc int oirned as soon as the ordination is ended, RC xlii 134 § 9 . acht co ndernair hoc rechtair romhat dochum an prainntighe, RC xxvi 374.1 . With non-perfective vb.: ragat a.¤ co fiasur in n-airm atá I will go as soon as I know where he is, LU 3373 ( SCC 17 ). bérthar cainnli duit acht co tumthar, Lism. L. 1996 .

(g) In adversative sense but: énirt a cocubussom . . . act nosnerta in sonirt, Wb. 10c3 . coir irnigde tra inso act ní chumcamni, 4a27 . robatar leosom eter desciplu . . . act dorigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru, 7d10 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam . . . a.¤ nochon follamnaiget amal ardrígu, Trip.² 1064 . lánsíth i nHérinn . . . a.¤ buí imneissi chatha iter dá Chorpre, BDD² 230 .

(h) Often introducing a positive clause oppd. to a preceding neg. one or vice versa: ni imdibe dualche . . . act is imdibe colno, Wb. 21b11 . conibé eter in peccato act co beid in pænitentia , 9b2 . ní bo ar seirc móidme act conrobad torbe dúibsi triit, 17a13 . ní dron act is diuit et is glé, 17b4 . ni ar Abracham . . . a.¤ is diar foirbthetuni, 2d2 . ni delb ad-rorsat act is cosmulius delbe, 1b19 . ba torad saithir dúun . . . act ní bad nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . is hé láech is áildem . . . a.¤ níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . ni hainfis a.¤ día necar doniam indnos it is not in ignorance, but to set them forth that we proceed in this way, Mon. Tall. 154.27 (§ 66) . co rrabe . . . cen dig cen biad, a.¤ 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc.M² 3 . In sense at all events, however: mór di ḟertaib . . . doróne . . . acht aisnédfimne úaiti do ilib díb, Trip.² 110 . nī himda persa . . . is fessach crēd . . . in bāss geipit, acht nī thernoighit tar aiss amach go bráth, Fl. Earls 70.31 . Note also: munup do saighe selbha a.¤ for ecin `unless he seizes land by force only', Laws iv 26.16 Comm. nídnanaid a crothad nach a flescad a.¤ a nidi `it is no protection to shake or beat it, but only to wash it', Mon. Tall. 155.2 (67) . ná dearbh as a.¤ go hairech, Content. vi 27 .

(i) On cases where the prec. neg. sentence contains a word meaning only: ni hed a méit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi `not only do ye believe it but ye endure sufferings therefor', Wb. 23c7 . nípat hé . . . nammá beite isind inducbáil sin a.¤ bieit cit geinti, 4c40 . nirbo chuit eperte tantum act robatar cid ferte dia imthrenugud, 24c5 . ni namá na duile aicside do chumscugud . . . a.¤ ro-chumscaigit gráda nime, PH 152 .

(j) In the idiom a.¤ ní . . . ní not only not . . . but not (cf. sech): a.¤ ní ructaisseom airesom ní rucadsom foraibsom not only could they not get away from him but he could not catch up with them, BDD² 300 and note. a.¤ nis leicim nis étaim, TBC-LL¹ 2334 (= sech LU). a.¤ ni trebad ni coimge, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.36 . a.¤ ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-sa mo moindter-sa, Ériu v 32.23 . a.¤ ní mó a cách ní lugu `not only is it not increasing but it is not less', Otia ii 81.2 . In positive constr.: acht ba dimdach ba debthach, SR 5688 . atbert in drui: a.¤ saerfaithir do mathair doberthar duit na bú as well as freeing your mother the cows will be given to you, IT i 40.x . Note also: a.¤ ní buaid a denam imbáruch is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht, TBC-LL¹ 1866 .

(k) With cia: cindas rainnfither in mucc . . . cīa indas . . . a.¤ a-rann ar chomramaib in what other way, Sc.M² § 6 . cid, ol si, acht maillechut-sa tú co sír, PH 8262 . Introducing a phrase: cid fil ann didiu (sic leg.) a.¤ amal itcualae, PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht ni dechaidh aonnech ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 449 . Note also: aní ná roich lám, cid a.¤, / is écen dam a dúthracht, LU 3935 (`yet' SCC § 44 ).

(l) As quasi-conjunction in idioms with cen (gan): gan é a.¤ i naois ōiglenaib `seeing he was but of young child's age', O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan lios . . . a.¤ lán do dhoire dharach, TD 28.7 . gan duine a.¤ ag dol ar séad, Dán Dé ix 34 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol `that no one should go under it without paying custom', Fl. Earls 90.4 . brugh. loch. Lugh inand ghabhaid a.¤ gan illradh ag Lugh, IGT Decl. p. 81 § 29 . Note also: ní fuil mac Gaoidhil ná Goill / a.¤ lán dá éanghrádh uile, TD 17.57 . ní bhí leó a urdail a.¤ d'ór /. . ./ cinn a bhfagha suaine a sleagh / nó truaille tana dtroigheadh `they have not so much as the heads of their javelins . . . but is gold', 9.29 .

In introductory phrases: a.¤ chena is alaind cech nderg, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). gabhuis Columcille in salm . . . acht cena ni rolegh-som acht aibghiter namá cosin, Lism. L. 823 . a.¤ nammá atáa mí nád n-imthet rí a.¤ cethrur however there is a month when a king goes about accompanied by four only, Críth G. 535 . acht atá ní chena, bar F., is fiach fola ┐ feola dó-som é, TBC-LL¹ 2989 . See also cena. cid (trá) a.¤, cid fil and (trá) a.¤ etc., see trá II(b). a.¤ (mad) énní however, nevertheless, at all events: achtmadh enní, do marbhadh ceithre fir décc [dibh], AFM v 1328.4 . acht aenni, do bitis debtha dermara eturro, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . acht aen ni . . . bemitt ar aenconair, 1315.8 .

III As subst. ise cuit in achta ann this is the function of the word `acht' in that passage, O'D. 745 (H 3.17 col. 541) (possibly to be referred to 2 acht).

ad-cosnai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-cosnai or dil.ie/403
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: at-cosna, -ascnai, adcosnat, ascnam, adcosnain, atcosnaitis, adcosnae, -ascnae, adcosna, adcosantae, adruchoisséni, ascnam, ascnaide, ascnaid

v (* ad-com-sní-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 634 ) Indic. pres. 3 s. at-cosna, Fél. 156.11 . -ascnai, Laws iv 366.13 . 3 pl. adcosnat, Thes. ii 6.29 . Ipv. 1 pl. ascnam, Fél. Dec. 31 . Indic. impf. 1 s. adcosnain se, Thes. ii 2.26 . 3 pl. atcosnaitis, Fianaig. 10.19 . Subj. pres. 2 s. adcosnae, Ml. 56b39 . -ascnae, Ml. 56b31 . 3 s. adcosna. Ml. 51b6 . Subj. impf. sg. pass. adcosantae, Ml. 115d13 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. adruchoisséni, Ml. 69d4 .

Vn. ascnam.

Part. ascnaide.

Later also as simple vb. ascnaid.

(a) makes for, strives for, seeks (trans.): ni moa adcosnat bete in secundo genere . . . quam `they do not strive more', Thes. ii 6.29 . ní etaigthersu immanisin .i. ni ascnae ┐ ní charae, Ml. 56b31 . cach gell cona [ḟ]ritgill do di[a] nascnai coir `on the basis of which he attains his right', Ériu xii 48.2 . athlaech . . . nad nascnai sacarbuic `a lay-recluse who does not go to the sacrament', Laws iv 366.13 . nech atcobra dul for nemh, atcosna (atcosnae v.l.) in flaith, ZCP vii 310 § 1 . is ech buada dar mag réid / fer adcosnaid flaith Dé móir, Goid. 180.22 ( LL 284b42 .) is treothu adcosnaigther flaith nime, LB 12a46 . atcosnatis bidbad būaidh `they strove ever for victory over their foes', Fianaig. 10.19 . ascnaid Ériu seach inis Breatan sets out for E., BB 203b38 . in port adcosnaidís, 39a23 . gur bo hi an conair i ttudchad . . . don tir nó asgnáifedh, Hugh Roe 80.19 (fo. 21b) .

(b) proceeds, goes (intrans. with various prepp.): atchiu churach dar Muir Mend / ascnas i n-iathaib h-Erend, LL 12642 . adcosnat hi crich Ciarraigi . . . co Ath Féne, IT ii2 213.33 . ro-asgna Luguidh cona mhaithibh . . . i ccomhdhāil Conaill marched against, ZCP xiv 249.3 . ascnait assaide d'ardchathraig in tíre, LL 220b11 ( TTr. 246 ). ro asccna assaidhe co ros Comáin, AFM vi 1954.7 . ascnais A. co Poll Ruadhain, BNnÉ 322 § 31 . ro asccna ó D. tar Sruthair . . . ar fud tire hamhalghaidh, AFM iii 390.x . do easccna ara aghaidh he went forwards, v 1574.4 . ro asccnatar rempu they advanced, CCath. 4898 . ascnait . . . tria fort `they passed through a fort', Fl. Earls 104.27 . ascnaidhit a n-iermoracht Uī Nēill `they set out to overtake O'N.', 164.10 aon léig[e] dēg issedh ro ascnaidset in lā sin, 166.29 . ascnam . . . iarsin slicht let us go over the account (of a tale), Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 1 . asgnaidh esti a h-ainim life departed from her, Aen. 2869 . ra ascná uadib a mbruth, LL 244b42 .

Cf. ascnamaid.

ad-goin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-goin or dil.ie/465

 

Forms: athgonaid, adrogegon

v (* ath-gon-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 548 ) Later athgonaid. lit. wounds again: adrogegon gl. repupugi, Sg. 181a7 . atgonat cride, ACL iii 297 § 53 . ? buaidh indsci anaib adgonar go gú bretha, O'Curry 1606 (RIA 23 Q 6, p. 5a) = buadh innsci banaib atgonar go gubrethaib, 2268 (Eg. 88 f. 20a) = buadh inngi anaib adgonar, 2273 (f. 20b). ruc C. furri . . . ┐ nira gonastarsum ní athgonad sum na díaid hí, LL 12328 (TBC). do hathghonadh eidhre Dé, Dán Dé ii 21 . gonais E. ┐ athghonais ┐ treasghonais éision, ML 140.13 . loitis Tuathal constapla na nGall dá cédḟurgamh, athghonais Taicleach é, AFM iii 234.6 .

adguide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adguide or dil.ie/468

 

adj (guide?) laudatory adj. of uncertain meaning (desirable?): ar is mo chéle cáem / . . . coibledar céim n-ard n-a.¤ , LU 8308 ( FB 23 ). a tír n-alaind n-a.¤ (: buidhe), AU i 438.21 . buaid nard nAlmaine ni chél / a.¤ bél do cach dúil most desirable to every element was the decree, LL 6115 = buaidh ard Almuine ni fan / adguidi dal do gach duil, RC xvii 230.15 (Tig.). adgudi .i. adasgudi, O'Mulc. 18 .

? aebthai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? aebthai or dil.ie/611

 

n (a s.). In cheville: buaidh cen aebhthai (: laochda) `without abatement ', AFM ii 698.14 . Cf. oíbda.

airdubad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdubad or dil.ie/1879

 

n (dubad) act of blackening, darkening; obscuring: urdhubhadh na gréine (at Crucifixion), Keat. ii 3146 . urrdhubhadh do theacht ar an ngealaigh nó ar an ngréin, Ó Héodhusa 156.2 . no go tainic ur-dhubadh na h-oidchi, Celt. Rev. iv 210.29 . Fig. saoí gan urdubhad . . . i nealadhnaibh, AFM v 1464.30 . ní thuigim . . . / . . . / nach ur-dhubhadh é ar mh'ḟios / mé d'umhlughadh dot oidios, Content. ix 5 . urdhubhadh aigeanta, TSh. 7947 . lé hurrdhubhadh urchóideach an fhormaid, 10731 . ní ghabhaim fo-ríor robhadh / díom ní fhaghaim mh' urdhobhadh I do not get rid of what obscures my good will, DDána 20.16 . buaidh ngaisgidh . . . do bhreith leis ar cháir gcuradh / gan gheis áigh gan urdhubhadh without seeking fight or remaining too obscure(?), L. Cl. A. B. 135.12 . olc ┐ úrdhúbha do-ní an chuid dínn agá mbí dúil a raingce harm(?), Párl. na mB. 3691 .

airmert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airmert or dil.ie/2259
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: airmirt, airmearta

o, n. Vn. of ar-berta, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 476 . See also LEIA Cf. airimbert. For fuller treatment of this word and airimbert see Études Celt. ii 135 .

(a) act of preparing, providing, getting ready; equipment, apparatus, etc.: huand airmiurt gl. apparatu, Ml. 40d12 . huand airmbiurt gl. (armorumque) instructu, 65a8 . isa n-a.¤ gl. in apparatum, 98a7 . a airmbert in catha sin equipment, Alex. 570 = a airmerta, BB 493a36 . innid dún a n-airmerta, `gib uns ihre Ausrüstung an', ZCP xii 245 § 8 .

(b) effort, endeavour, exertion: da n-airmbheartaib a n-Erinn, BB 25a21 . ó airmbertaibh na n-eurlamh `through the achievements of the patrons', KMMisc. 168.3 ( IGT Decl. ex. 1329 ). ro faccaibh B. airmberta maithe i nG. . . . buaidh foghlama . . . `good institutions', BNnÉ 31 § 44 . do tuic an righan arna hairmertaibh sin gur . . . `happenings', Stair Erc. 65 .

(c) prohibition, taboo, spell . In this sense sometimes airmirt (infl. of airmit?). Note also g s. (or g p.) airmearta, TD 1.9 . ba a.¤ di Ulltaib nī labrad nech dīb acht fri Conc[h]obar, TBC-I¹ 2988 ( geiss d'Ultaib labrad rena ríg, geis don ríg labrad rena druidib, TBC-LL¹ 4724 ; but see Celtica xxiii 57 ). nad fetar armirt (airmit v.l. St.) fil do macraid conid geiss dóib mac dar tír cuccu, TBC-LL¹ 931 . gesa ┐ airmberta, 2295 . geis is ágh is airmirt ort, Duan. F. i 41.29 . ? ni bu airmirt ind airle / do ócaib Tuaithe Tu[i]rbe, RC xvii 165.7 (Tig.). fear ḟuaslaicthe a airmearta `to dissolve its enchantments', TD 1.9 . go dtí an tairngeartaidh dar dhán / si as a hairmeartaibh d'iompádh, 38 . aidhmirt (airmirt v.l.) [ainm] ar gheis, Metr. Gl. 15 § 33 . airmeart .i. geis, O'Cl.

1 allad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 allad or dil.ie/2925

 

n (cf. 1 do-alla): buaidh da buadaibh re cach mbuaidh / alladh (alludh v.l.) giall a hOirbsin fhuair `the taking of the hostages', Leb. Cert. 18.10 . a.¤ (annadh v.l.) giall [a tosach] a h-Oirbsean, 4.25 .

1 bann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bann or dil.ie/5348
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bang, aenbaingi, -baing, baind, bann

n o. Also bang ā, f. g s. aenbaingi, CCath. 1950 v.l. (énbhaing, text). d s. -baing, 2105 . Cf. a s. baind, Fing. R. 240. bann m., IGT Decl. § 73 , § 96 (p. 130.8) . Variously glossed: b.¤ .i. buille, O'Curry 583 (H. 3.18, 289). .i. gníomh, O'Cl. .i. gach cumhsgugadh, ibid. Also glossed with meanings not sup- ported by exx.: b.¤ .i. līathrāid, Corm. Y 200. Ériu xiii 76.207 . Metr. Gl. 32 § 7. Lec. Gl. 503. O'Cl. .i. dligheadh, O'Curry 1490 (H. 3.18, 664). Lec. Gl. 42. Stowe Gl. 232. O'Cl. .i. bás, O'Cl. .i. olc, O'Curry 972 (H. 3.18, 416). .i. tend, ibid.

(a) Meaning appar. move, movement, impulse, effort, thrust; hence exploit, deed: dracc ilair band, ZCP iii 465.17 , 21 . atnecham (atteocham, v.l.) ria mbandaib before making any move (?), Fél. Dec. 21. b.¤ baide ┐ trócaire impulse, SR 2072. lín ṁband mbalcbúada, LU 8289 ( FB 22 , rhet.). rosbaí damna bróin don b.¤ `the deed was a source of sorrow to them', Metr. Dinds. iv 20.28 . cath Bregmaine band `of deeds', RC xxix 211 § 8. ni maiti da bidbadaib band, Fen. 378.21 . b.¤ tre cheardchaibh caithshleagh gcorr (of a chief), DDána 79.26 . ní héidir liomsa achd b.¤ báis `the only steps I can take are fraught with death', Aithd. D. 51.12 . a bh.¤ claonta leis an gcoir `her conduct inclining to sin', 50.34 . b.¤ mear taidhbhseach tar tor (of a mare), Measgra D. 15.24 . Oar-stroke : dá luing . . . fó énbaing imruma, CCath. 2105 , 1950 ; `with one pull of the oars´ Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 88 . cach band do-beread forsin curach (with) each oar-stroke that he gave the curach, 58 § 31 . ód bhand ḟíchmhar imramha, IGT Decl. ex. 860. Cf. DDána 83.20 . ? band īslighthe, ar ar n-onōir, Éigse xiv 92 § 2 and Notes 103 § 2 b . perh. to 1 bang.

With verbs: fer dobeir b.¤ ar cach ṁbūaid achieves (?), attempts (?), ZCP viii 119 § 40 ( Rawl. 88b42 ). dobert G. band feramail fora churach vigorously propelled, LL 12702. Cf. IT ii1 181.192 . tucad b.¤ ele arna cobhlaigibh [co ndechadar] . . . imásech araile, CCath. 1966. tucadur iaromh b.¤ dúr dīochra ar an deabhaidh made for, Cath MT 786. beiridh b.¤ tar bhladh a sinnsear surpasses , O'Hara 4175. b.¤ ar a ais ní headh rug did not retreat, PBocht 10.15 . Cf. band ar ais ón irgail, Hy Fiach. 260.7 . téid crann ó Dhonnchadh fa dheóigh / b.¤ tar orchar in áirseóir, IGT Decl. ex. 1309. do-chuaidh Pilib / . . . / b.¤ suas tar na sinnsearaibh surpassed, O'R. Poems 432. imbered a baind foraib, Fing. R. 240. Elliptically: is mithid damhsa b.¤ do bhaile `to foot it homewards', Ó Bruad. ii 240.5 (bonn. v.l.).

(b) Passing into sense of length (of cast, etc.), distance, period, extent, amount: níbo moo in band oldas a chéle (of casting a ball and hurley), LU 5006. dobert G. fochrothad . . . fon scíath co roacht band ḟata úad, LL 12719. Éire ┐ áirdrí Bearta / ní bhfuil aonbh. uaisleachta / . . . / d'iomurcadh air ná uirthi degree, 23 G 24 , 274.13 . Conchobor bliadain a band / noco torchair la Crimthand, LL 15151. ? ri ro bai ria mbetha b.¤ , SR 5273. ? b.¤ ar t'fhíoch ní fheadarsón, Bard. Synt. Tr. 193.12 . Diancecht . . . is e ro chind in b.¤ decided the amount (?), Laws iii 362.4 Comm. (`that established the rule').

Freq. in chevilles: niba hifernach, búan bánn, / clann na cined dó, Trip.² 393. Fél. 86.31 . úarda band, LU 9856. ? 10543 . būaidh ria mbannaibh, ZCP vi 264 § 5. ? fíad slúa g Eigept, amra bainn, SR 3291 (: Foraind).

Note also: briathar baile (builidh, v.l.) b.¤ , Metr. Gl. 11 § 10. ba difulaing cloistecht re fogurmuirn in muighe fos, cona búi a barsamail acht amail bad b.¤ don brat[h] doberta isin uair sin ind, CCath. 5650 (`ban of Doom'). benfaid na trī band[a] .i. band crābaid, band ecnoi, band trebairi, ZCP ix 453 § 34. Of Eóin Bruinne: a bhrágha ní fhuair ionadh / os chionn cíche an dúiliomhan / b.¤ do bhí tar an gcroichse / dí is gan chrann 'n-a caomhthaighse, PBocht 23.13 (`a band was fixed about the cross'). inmain bund sin, inmain band, / dotelccad do nim anull, TTebe xvi 1 (`a dear strain'). forbann .i. for b.¤ .i. ní ós ceann dligidh, óir as ionann b.¤ ┐ dligheadh, O'Cl.

Compds. With nouns: cen báes ṁbandgaile impulsive valour (?), LL 25803. bandmaidm Lettrech Ainge (.i. cath Cilli Mōna) rout, ZCP xii 236 § 56. With adj.: cur meabaidh don abhainn ina buindeadhaibh borbghloracha . . . bangdhlúithi (b.¤ dluíthe, v.l., TBC-LL¹ 3911 ), TBC St. 3238.

Cf. 1 bang.

beirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beirid or dil.ie/5583
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: biru, -biur, biri, berid, -beir, -ber, berthi, beirthi, berthus, rom-beir, beres, berma, -berid, berit, berait, -berat, bertit, bertae, berda, -bered, -bertis, biur-sa, ber, beir, -bered, beram, beirith, -berae, -bera, -bere, beraid, -bera, -berat, berte, -berinn, -berad, -mbérthai, -bertais, -bēr, -bér, béra, bera, -béra, beraid, -bera, bæras, béras, -béram, -berum, berait, bērtait, bérait, béraitt, -berat, -mbérat, mbértæ, -bertha-su, no berad, -berad, -bermáis, -bértais, -mbértaís, -bertais, -berdais, birt, bert, -mbert, -bert, -breth, berte, ra bertatar, bertar, -bertatar, bertatar, ṁbertatar, berir, berair, -berar, berar, berair, bertair, berdair, bertar, bertis, berar, -berar, berthir, berthair, -berthar, -bertar, -berar, berthe, bérthair, berthair, bért[h]ar, bérthar, -bértar, bértha, brethae, breatha, -breth, -rucaim-se, -rucaim, ro-ucca, -rucai, -rúgat, -rucat, -rucad, -ructais, -rucca, -ruccæ, rucus, rucainn, uiccius, roúcos, ucus, rucus, rucais, ro-sn-uicc, uic, ro-ucc, rá-uc, ro-da-ucai, rofuc, rohuicc, -ruc, roucsaid, ra-ucsat, -rucsat, rota-thuigsead, ruucthar, -ructhar, -ructar, -ructhae, -rructhae, -ructais, -ruccfaither, -rucfaiter, ro-n-ucad, rohucad, rucad, uctha, ructha, ructa, brith, berim, -berai, beiridh, -berend, bermait, -berad, -bertís, -berear, bheire, -beraind, mbeirt[h]ea, berait(se, bérat-sa, béar, -berair, béaraidh, bermuid, bertus, bertis, ro-das-beir, beiris, bertsat, -berair, -beirthir, -bearar, béarthar, ruc-, -rucur, rucus, -rugus, rucais, ruc, ruc, rugsamar, -rucamur, rucabhar, rucadur, rucad, -ruccad, rucait, rugaid, biriu, berti

v see GOI 353 , 358 , 360 ; KZ xliv 113 - 114 . Also IGT Verbs § 13 for forms in bardic verse, and Aithd. D. ii Vocab. s.v. beirim .

The perfective forms are supplied by ro-ucc-. The O.Ir. t-pret. is often replaced in mid. Ir. by an s-pret. as well as by mixed forms of t- and s-prets. Later the perfective form ruc- (also in some contexts tuc-, e.g. TBC-LL¹ 2935 v.l.) completely replaces preterite forms as a past tense. For exx. of conj. forms see also as-beir and do-beir.

Indic. pres. 1 s. biru, RC x 88.2 (see KZ xliv 114 ), Anecd. iii 28.15 . -biur, TBFr. 131. 2 s. biri, Ériu xii 135.7 . 3 s. berid, Wb. 6a13 , 29b9 , TBC-LL¹ 1271. -beir, Wb. 6c9 , -ber, Ml. 86d16 (but see CMCS xiii 1 ). (With suff. pron.) berthi, Wb. 23a19 . beirthi, Ml. 42b7 . berthus, Mon. Tall. 158.6 . (With ro) rom-beir `can bring', 148.13 . Rel. beres, Ml. 27c1 , LU 3776 ( SCC 34 ). 1 pl. berma, ZCP iii 222.13 , TBC-LL¹ 477. 2 pl. -berid, Wb. 9d15 . 3 pl. berit, Wb. 18c10 . berait, TTr. 1599. -berat, Wb. 28d26 . Ml. 103b16 . (With suff. pron.) bertit, Wb. 13a16 . Rel. bertae, Ml. 63c18 . berda, Laws v 198.2 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. -bered, Thes. i 494.28 , TBC-LL¹ 403 , Ériu ii 222.24 (sic leg.). 3 pl. -bertis, ZCP iii 204.1 ( LU 9568 ).

Ipv. 1 s. biur-sa, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.18 (cf. Ériu xvi 76.25 ). 2 s. ber, Ml. 38c28 , TBC-I¹ 450. beir, Thes. ii 310.30 , Fing. R. 722. 3 s. -bered, TBC-LL¹ 5962. 1 pl. beram, SR 2744. 2 pl. beirith, Blathm. 99 § 29.

Subj. pres. 2 s. -berae, Ml. 74d13 , 94a1 . -bera, Thes. ii 296.6 . -bere, ZCP viii 310.19 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 . -bera, 43a2 , ZCP vii 308.29 , TBC-LL¹ 5963. 3 pl. -berat, Ml. 54a28 . Rel. berte, Wb. 9c12 . Impf. 1 s. -berinn, Wb. 10d36 . 3 s. -berad, TBC-I¹ 1337 , Ériu ii 196 § 11 , TBC-LL¹ 2488. 2 pl. -mbérthai (sic), LL 8051 ( TBC-LL¹ 595 ). 3 pl. -bertais, TBC-LL¹ 4340.

Fut. 1 s. -bēr, TBC-I¹ 1284 , -bér, BDD² 69. 2 s. béra, TBC-LL¹ 3689. bera, ZCP vii 308.10 . -béra, RC xxiv 198.5 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 , TBC-LL¹ 1266. -bera, Wb. 1a8 . Rel. bæras, Ml. 94b7 . béras, TBC-LL¹ 3484. 1 pl. -béram, Wb. 29b15 . -berum, PH 608. 3 pl. berait, Sc.M² 4R. (With suff. pron.) bērtait, 4 . bérait, TBC-LL¹ 5773. béraitt, BS 94.25 . -berat, Ml. 54a26 . -mbérat, TBC-LL¹ 144. Rel. mbértæ, BDD² 548 , MU² 930. Condit. 2 s. -bertha-su, TBC-LL¹ 1047. 3 s. no berad, TBC-I¹ 1336 , PH 906. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 4300. 1 pl. -bermáis, TBC-LL¹ 1051. 3 pl. -bértais, Ml. 124b6 . -mbértaís, TBC-LL¹ 3616. -bertais, PH 599. -berdais, 611 .

Pret. 3 s. birt, Thes. ii 242.17 , ZCP viii 309.11 , RC xi 446. 11 , LU 10611. bert, 3160 , Metr. Dinds. iii 88.11 , SG 187.31 . -mbert, Sc.M² 10.8 . -bert, LU 10601. With pass. form -breth, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.19 . Rel. berte, Fianaig. 28.2 . 3 pl. ra bertatar, TBC-LL¹ 2875. Rel. bertar, Ml. 127d6 . -bertatar, 82d9 , bertatar, Corm. Y 1059 (91.7) . ṁbertatar, Tur. 130.

Pass. indic. pres. s. berir, Wb. 12d38 , 23c11 , 29a28 . berair, ACL iii 309.19 , TBC-LL¹ 2041 , LL 31255. -berar, Mon. Tall. 164.21 , Laws iv 62.17 , RC xxiv 182.21 . Rel. berar, Wb. 16d7 . Mon. Tall. 154.28 . berair, 155.23 . 3 pl. bertair, Ml. 26c6 , BDD² 212 , TBC-LL¹ 4722 , berdair, 4718 . Rel. bertar, Wb. 25c23 . Impf. 3 pl. no bertis , Wb. 16d4 . Ipv. s. berar, Wb. 7b4 , TBC-LL¹ 1643. -berar, Wb. 27a24 . Subj. pres. s. berthir, Wb. 27d13 . berthair, Ml. 37a8 . -berthar, 134c6 ; Fél.² Prol. 3. ? -bertar, LU 3295 ( SCC 9 ). -berar, PH 7563. Impf. s. no berthe , ZCP viii 309.15 . Fut. s. bérthair, BDD² 570. berthair, TBC-LL¹ 110. bért[h]ar, ZCP viii 212.13 . Rel. bérthar, Wb. 12d27 . Pl. -bértar, Wb. 15a3 . Condit. s. no bértha , TBC-LL¹ 1611. Pret. s. brethae, Ml. 52. breatha, BDD² 98. -breth, ZCP viii 309.24 .

Perfective forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. -rucaim-se, LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). -rucaim, ZCP xiii 179.11 . 3 s. ro-ucca, Laws iv 176.1 . -rucai (racu, MS.), Críth G. 601. 3 pl. -rúgat, Ml. 75b3 . -rucat, 87c3 . Impf. 3 s. -rucad, BDD² 301. 3 pl. -ructais, ib. Subj. pres. 3 s. -rucca, Wb. 12c32 . -ruccæ, Mon. Tall. 154.8 . Rel. rucus, Ériu v 128 § 35. Impf. 1 s. do rucainn , Feis Tighe Chonáin 395. Perf. 1 s. ro uiccius , Wb. 9b6 . ? roúcos, LU 869. ron-ucus , BDD² 217. rucus, ZCP xv 307 § 2 (Caratnia). 2 s. rucais, LU 8246 ( FB 19 ). 3 s. ro-sn-uicc, Wb. 5b3 , ro uic , 27a22 . ro-ucc, Ml. 63c18 , rá-uc, 45a1 . ro-da-ucai, 46a19 . rofuc, Ériu v 36.30 . rohuicc, Fianaig. 12.12 . -ruc, MU² 953. 2 pl. roucsaid, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). 3 pl. ra-ucsat, Wb. 26b11 . -rucsat, Ml. 23b5 ; 54d16 . rota-thuigsead (-huicset, v.l.), BDD² 200 - 1 . Pass. Indic. pres. s. ruucthar, Ml. 35b10 . -ructhar (perh. subj.), Ériu i 202.4 . Subj. pres. pl. -ructar, TBC-I¹ 1129. Impf. s. -ructhae, Ml. 104a8 . -rructhae, Thes. ii 241.9 . pl. -ructais, Ml. 125b7 . Fut. s. -ruccfaither ( rucfaider, LU 5395 ), TBC-I¹ 918. pl. -rucfaiter, 921 . Perf. s. ro-n-ucad, Ml. 104a8 . rohucad, Sg. 174a1 . rucad, ib. pl. ro uctha , Ml. 132a1 . ructha, 102c7 , ZCP xi 57 § 2. ructa, MU² 913. Vn. brith (see breth).

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. berim, LL 8688. 2 s. -berai, TBC-LL¹ 925. 3 s. beiridh, TSh. 9670. -berend, PH 7574. 1 pl. bermait, LL 17003. Impf. 3 s. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 891. 3 pl. -bertís, MU² 275 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -berear: dheireadh, Dán Dé xvi § 12 . 2 s. bheire, Duan. F. ii 72.20 . Impf. 1 s. -beraind, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 19 . 2 s. mbeirt[h]ea, ZCP viii 109 § 9. Fut. 1 s. berait(se, Trip. 238.3 . bérat-sa, MU² 320. ZCP viii 312.8 . béar, TSh. 10521. 2 s. -berair, Ériu iii 164 § 17. 3 s. béaraidh, Dán Dé xxvii § 3 . 1 pl. bermuid, ZCP vi 66.8 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. ra bertus-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2888. 3 s. bertis, TBC-LL¹ 4435. ro-das-beir (beras, v.l.), 4728 . beiris, ML² 396. 3 pl. ru bertsat , ZCP viii 104.12 .

Pass. indic. pres. -berair, IGT Verbs ex. 169. -beirthir, 172 . -bearar, Introd. § 13. Fut. béarthar, TSh. 1153. Forms from ruc-. Subj. pres. 1 s. -rucur, TBC-LL¹ 1870. Pret. and perf. 1 s. do rucus , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1277. -rugus, 367 . 2 s. rucais, PH 1868. 3 s. ruc, SG 112.14 . ruc (rugustair, v.l.), ML² 404. 1 pl. rugsamar, TTebe 3966 . -rucamur, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1901. 2 pl. rucabhar, 998 . 3 pl. rucadur, 405 . Pass. rucad, PH 304. -ruccad, Ann. Conn. 1307.10 . pl. rucait, ZCP xi 62.8 . PH 2002. rugaid, TTebe 4750 .

I

(a) carries: nosbered gl. crucem . . . portabat, Thes. i 494.28 . is do thabirt díglae berid in claideb gl. gladium portat, Wb. 6a13 . hi fēnai bretha arm laiside, TBC-I¹ 1279. ara rucca cách a mám `that each may be able to bear his yoke', Ériu iii 104 § 33. berid iarum a muicc 'na hucht `carries', RC xiv 246.20 .

(b) In abstract senses adduces; infers etc. (of arguments, facts, etc.): berit in soscéle do imthrenugud ueteris , Wb. 18c10 . dearbhadh eile bheir tu asteach other proof that you adduce, Rel. Celt. ii 293.22 . bertit alaili tra combad spirut nóib robói in profetís `some take it', Wb. 13a16 . scél asa mberar co mbad hé Find mac Cumaill Mongán, LU 10938. is edh rucc-som assin what he inferred from that, CCath. 3241. ná beir uaim nach fuair Féidhlim `do not think I deny that F.', Content. v 104. b.¤ dígail inflicts vengeance, punishment: amal adnaigther fírbrithem beres digail cech ancridi, Ml. 27c1 (cf. do thabirt díglae, Wb. 6a13 ). See dígal.

II bears, brings forth, in pass. is born: in tan ṁberes claind is failid iar sin, Ml. 129c8 . indí . . . duamberar cland, Mon. Tall. 132.2 . rugais toircheas is tú it óigh `thou hast conceived', A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 7. cia tir i rrugad Gaedeal `in what land was G. born ?' Auraic. 15. Fig. an tan ghabhas an ainmhian, beiridh an peacadh (= parit peccatum), TSh. 6970. tarnocht . . . beirthear sinn (= nascimur), 7722 . Of animals: bi slan oga ceathra an tollbaire beres ba, O'Curry 2527 ( Eg. 88, 43b ). Of laying eggs: aen ogh beires isin slíab sin cacha bliadna, RC xxiv 377.3 .

In more general sense yields, produces: berid in bo atúaid trian mblechta sech in mboin andeas, Dinds. 60. no berta na harbair fo thrí cecha blíadnae, Airne F. 352. Fig. tosach rabhuidh rug a dealbh `His aspect became threatening', Ériu iv 112.15 .

Intrans. absol. in: sanntaigh an saidhbhris rucus gu maith dot anaim desire the riches that may profit etc., Ériu v 128 § 35.

III judges, passes judgment (usually with breith, etc. in figura etymologica and with FOR introd. indirect obj.): cisí breth rucais?, ZCP xv 306 § 1 (Caratnia). rucus, etc., 307 ff. § 2 - § 52 . nách beir for nach néle gl. non iudicat, Wb. 6c18 . bat hé berte bretha lib, 9c12 . berir breth foir gl. deiudicatur, 12d38 . birusa for firu soera, Anecd. iii 28.15 . bertid brith (bertaid breith v.l.) for ēc Dēāth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 54 § 15. is me dano bæras mes firian foraib, Ml. 94b7 . ní berat fírbrithemnachta, 103b16 . ní ruc gói riam . . . fer rodhuc, ZCP viii 311.31 . biriu glossed brethemnuigim, O'Curry 440 (H.3.18, 237a). diamba brethum nis bera gan ḟis cin forus cin fasach, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). nāthó . . . ní rucaim I cannot pass judgments, ZCP xiii 179.11 . ber breith iter do macaib, ol si, cia dib gebus t'forba. Ní bér, ol se, acht béraid Sithcheann drai, RC xxiv 194.1 . rucc Maodhócc do breith air féin cona cléir . . . guidhe tara chenn, BNnÉ 261 § 221 . rugatur in cúaisti ┐ in breithiomh maróen Brian do beith sáor, ZCP i 117.25 . b.¤ fuigell see fuigell. Hence of dreams interprets, expounds: ruc tra Patraic forsinn aislingi `expounded the vision', Trip. 176.25 . ruc Ethne breith na haislingi sin, Lism. L. 800.

IV carries away, takes (with one) (opp. of do-beir) (freq. with LA with reference to subject):

(a) In concrete or physical senses: na berat a n-erpther doib, Wb. 31c12 . ni berthar ind imerge `must not be taken', RC x 222.24 . nī scarfam . . . co rrucsa do cheand-so, TBC-I¹ 1200. beirthe lais S. `S. takes him', Blathm. 97 § 23. in rí chon-daigi hi foss / mani-mbera latt, ní fogbai, Thes. ii 296.6 . rucusdar leis ar a muin é, Ériu i 124.27 . beirit a n-eachroidh ar aradhnoibh leō `they led their horses by the reins', Fl. Earls 66.21 . dinaib brataib bertae `of the spoils they carry off', Ml. 63c18 . genti bidbaid bertar (: trebtar) `guilty pagans who are carried off', Fél. Prol. 175. acht a mbértae eóin ina crobaib, BDD² 548 . no bertis Con[n]achtai a bú-si `the C. used to carry off her kine', ZCP iii 204.1 - 2 . fir gontair mna bertair women are being carried off, LL 11451 ( TBC-LL¹ 4722 ). beiris leis na curna, Ériu ii 186.27 . ni berend in gadaige leis acht a mbeir cen fhis, PH 7574. antí dorat as ē ruc, ZCP vi 269 § 3. nach feas cá galar rug é, Keat. ii 2118.

(b) In fig. and abstr. senses: berthi (leg. bérthi, edd.) leiss co cenn gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ba hé less nod-ṁbert `the purpose which had brought him' ( Études Celt. ii 6.2 ), TBFr. 156. bret[h]a barann coimdhidh cáidh `was subdued' lit. was carried off, AFM ii 594.19 .

V Hence with meaning carries off absol. and in phrr. b.¤ barr, búaid, cluiche, etc. secures, wins (highest place, a victory, a game, etc.): bid hé beras in curadmír who wins the champion's portion, LU 9014 ( FB 76 ). is andsin dorimgart-seom / a eneclaind for Midir / . . . / conosruc iar ndáil dligid `he demanded his honour-fine from M . . . . and obtained it after award by law', Metr. Dinds. ii 4.28 . créd ima ruguis an baire orm? Má rugus báire ort . . . béarad leat arís é, RC xxix 116 § 13. cia haca le mbearthar barr `that excels', TD 28.24 . ni bertais buaid díb they would not overcome them, IT i 72.10 ( LMU 8 ). birt būaidh [n]-eccna / hi cūairt Éirenn, ZCP viii 197 § 6. ba mor do coscur chathbuadach rucas-[s]a tred chumachta-su `much . . . triumph have I achieved', TTebe 3178 . a mbuaigh ní rugadh a-riamh they were ever unconquered, O'Hara 3387. beirigh sisi bhuaidh ar gach n-énní dá ttairgionn a claoi, Desid. 2161. nobidis oc im[b]irt fithchilli cach dia . . . nobered C. cluithi na nona for I., Anecd. i 11.26 (SCano 358). ní rugadh aonchluiche air `he never lost a game', O'Hara 1373. ni rodam nad beir a roí `who does not win his battle', Ériu ix 49 § 34. birt a ráena forru he defeated them (in a game), LU 4984 (= TBC-I¹ 495 ). rucsat ar in ríg in raen `had overreached the king', Ériu vii 227 § 62 . ní biur do thóchaill dind ḟithchill `I do not win against thee at chess' ( Études Celt. ii 5 ), TBFr. 131. is [s]ainmuinter cach la fechtus bēus beress a tochell ( cluithe, Thr. Ir. Gl. 21 ), Corm. Y 607. (with implied direct object) uair roucsaidse for nUltaib . . . do slúagaib na tíri sin you U. have excelled, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). rucsat na Troiannai do daínib in domain amal nabad do ṡíl daíni doib etir, LL 32109 ( TTr. 1296 ). rucc (glossed ro dersccaigh) Ith do breithemnaibh a aimsire ar amhainse `I. excelled the Judges . . . in cunning', Leb. Gab.(i) 244.16 . is samlaid ruc cach ben dia seitche ar écin each woman forced her way ahead of her companion, LU 8256 ( FB 20 ). Cf. ro élaidhset ass na Gaill febh as déine ronuccsatt dialaile, Hugh Roe² 98.11 .

VI gets, obtains; takes: cach crich roucca a techta ni dligaide tairgille na smachtu `every land which has given (recte taken) what is lawful', Laws iv 176.1 . aisic na set rugadh do muin na comairce `restoration of the `seds' which were given (taken?) on account of the protection', 232.25 . uaire na biur (nach berim, LU 1567 ) th'ascaid, IT ii2 209 § 3 . ni béra (berair, v.l.) usce uam, ol sisi `no water shalt thou get from me', RC xxiv 198.5 . bertís dliged `they received their due', Metr. Dinds. i 24.18 . bērtait (berait, R) in coin, Sc.M² 4. ní ruc na cepóca cé ruc na heocha, Sc.M² 20(R) . Legal obtains, inherits (land, etc.); incurs (liabilities), is liable for: moirseisiur nosbeir co mbuaidh / cumal tsenorba ní suaill `seven persons obtain, with triumph, the `cumal tsenorba',' Laws iv 42.4 Comm. ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 141.9 ). iar n-ecaib in fir berius orbae a brathar `of the man who receives the inheritance of his kinsman', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137.20 . berti `he (the son) takes it (i.e. inheritance of land)' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 156.29 ), Laws iv 48.3 Comm. beirid cach dibad ┐ cinaid araili `each receives the inheritance and incurs the liability of the other' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 149. 18 ), 42.31 Comm. (of tutors) nocha mberait cinta na mac bis ag foglaim foilfecht (see F s.v.) aca `they do not sustain the liabilities', 236.19 Comm. (of a woman's `coibhche') isin coibhche tanaiste is dá trian no beireadh a athair ann; . . . is lugha beireas brathair oldas athair `her father . . . would have had two-thirds; and a brother gets less than a father', 64.4 Comm. in fer berus techtugad isin ferand, 2.16 Comm. i n-orba cruid no sliasta a mathur beris sisi in techtugad sin `that she makes that entry', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 133.20 ( Laws iv 14.26 Comm. ).

In phr. b.¤ díriug `carries off, obtains' ( GOI § 381 ), see díriuch. With adverbial as takes away: rom-beir as Pátraic ┐ ron-bennach `P. took him thence', Lism. L. 513. rugadh dá sheisi úam as `two comrades are snatched from me (by death)' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 28.y . saves, rescues: mac side ingine Lōith . . . bert a māthair ass ina brú his mother preserved him in her womb (from massacre by the Aitheachthuatha), ZCP xi 91.3 . cred beirius C. ass cen tuitim limsa, FDG 697. With refl. pron. takes oneself off; escapes: not-ber as dom'inchaib depart from my presence, ZCP i 105.1 . notbeirsiu as fó chetóir, SG i 312.1 . nod beir as amhail as ferr cotniocfa escape as best you can, TFrag. 208.16 .

VII In expressions of time.

(a) spends, lit. takes (time) (cf. do-beir I (m)): ? issí no bered in sechtmad n-aidchi i ṅgalad d'ḟeraib hErend for in t-ṡluagad do lacht, TBC-LL¹ 403. With adverbial as: na beir th'aimsir ass do réir mian do cholla, PH 7816.

(b) Intrans. lasts, endures, keeps (see Duan. F. iii 47 ): in fad (sic leg.) bhéaras as long as it endures (viz. an duan-sa, 75 ), Dán Dé xxv 76 . fada b[h]ēruid (sic leg., ed.) `long they shall live', Duan. F. i 54.16 . d'éis na buidhne nách buan rug `after that shortlived company', TD 25.34 . béaraidh mé go buan, Dánta Gr. 90.22 . ? an feadh rug a teas don ghréin, 85.6 . beiridh a brigh a cnáim craidhi in fiadha deich mbliadhna fichet `the virtue lasts for 30 years', O'Gr. Cat. 230.9. With as: gurub meinic beireas an easlainte so as gu ceann ceithri la ┐ da .xx. ead that this illness sometimes continues, 23 P 10³, 35b14 . rucatar as in adaigh sin co solus-trāth ēirghi ar n-a mārach, ML² 1079. ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . do rugadar as mar sin go haimsir E. they continued in that way, PCT 392.

VIII carries off, away (from etc.) with prepp. A, AR, DI, etc. cf. IV; note b.¤ as under VI, VII. ni béram ass dano gl. quod nec aufferre quid possimus, Wb. 29b15 . bertair dano briathra asin stoirsea innun, Ml. 26c6 . nocon ructaisseom cid a delg asa brot-som nammá, LU 4991 ( TBC-I¹ 502 ). do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach á hArdmacha, ACL iii 5.30 . berid . . . a sūil asa chionn plucks his eye from his head, ACL iii 309.1 . ní berae a salm ar assaph tri nephscribend in tituil se riam `thou shalt not take from A.', Ml. 94a1 . rucad a rosc airi he (viz. the dying Cú Ch.) was deprived of his sight, RC iii 181.27 . etach berar do áos tuati a garment that is taken from the laity, Mon. Tall. 154.28 . nicon berat a drúcht dind fhéor, MU² 565. dos lēicim-se dō in ngaī cétna co mbert a lāim de it struck off his hand, Sc.M² 10. gan mharthain do mhac Áine (sic leg.) / rug don éigse a hamháille `has robbed poesy of her gaiety', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 . In phr. beirid ed di (ó), see 2 ed. ní berae siu hua duaid in salm so `thou shalt not take from David this psalm', Ml. 74d13 . masa indeithbir ro-n-uc uad . . . no ro-n-uc deithbir uad, Laws iv 34.32 Comm. tanic merlech . . . co mbered molt cech uare uadi, Thes. ii 336.43 . dia ructar (ructhar, ed.) ar mnā dōera uand, TBC-I¹ 1129. do-thíaguit na mná immi, ┐ berdait (beraid, v.l.) úaidib i ssíd Crúachan, TBFr. 131. ní huaibhse rug an nglaic ngloin, Studies 1918, 282 § 15 . cía ráott beres rígi Temrach . . . ó chlaind C. `what is it that deprives the offspring of C. . . . of the Kingship of Tara', BColm. 76.3 . bearar uatha an corp ré sruth na Bóinne the body is swept away from them by the current of the B., Keat. ii 5414.

With advv. berthus ind arbar sis `the grain carries it (i.e. water in gruel) downwards', Mon. Tall. 158.6 . acht a mbeir (sc. in gadaige) cen fhis, PH 7574.

IX carries, brings to, etc. (with CO, DO, DOCHUM etc.) (= do-beir). (Somet. with LA, cf. IV) berid taisi B. co Ros Cam les `takes B.'s remains to R.C.', RC xxiv 182.11 . forcmath mo brīathra, bērtait co būaid they will bring him to victory (?), ZCP xi 98 § 63. nombered cách ar uair dina maccleirchib dochum a tigid (sic) leu, Mon. Tall. 155.6 . beram co noibi nemthech let us carry it (i.e. the tower of Babel) up as far as holy heaven, SR 2744. go mbeiri Rí . . . sinn dochum coda na beathadh sīordhuidhe, Parrth. Anma 744. In more or less abstract senses: teinnes . . . beris nech cum atcomuill `disposes a person to dropsy', Rosa Angl. 322.3 . i toimtiu nábad do hierúsalem .i. opes nobertis, Wb. 16d4 . beirsiu lat é do[t] tigernu, Thes. ii 310.30 . noco rucaimse cend úain bic don dúnud `I am not the man to carry . . .' ( Stories fr. Táin 49 ), LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). ? ní bertis da rótaib / ar uamain a cathmi, LL 6595 ( MS. Mat. 493 ). is do soscelu berid int apstal in salm so gl. transferre, Ml. 42b7 . cia beraid doib a remeperthe though he refer to them the aforesaid, Ml. 37a9 . namber du chesad `he applies it to the Passion', 86d16 . berir dano fri laa brátha, Wb. 29a28 . ruucthar fri cach rét it can be applied to everything, Ml. 35b10 . mad fri frecur cheill De nosbera, 43a2 . ae freslighe . . . cid la dechnaid berthair though it be included under, IT iii 74 § 34. nachib berar i smachtu rechta fetarlicce, Wb. 27a24 . nos berad i llías ṅgamna they carry her into, BDD² 76. bertair immorro da boin ind `are . . . brought thither', Dinds. 60. berthius C. mac E. i n-Aird Ladrann fodes immirge na n-Deisse `C. sent the wandering host of the D. to A. L. southward', Cymmr. xiv 108.4 . b.¤ i mmudu see madae. ros bertsat uile fóe in oenḟecht they all fell upon him at once, TBC-LL¹ 912. no-bar-beraid uili fóe sút, TBC-LL¹ 907. biru iarom mo chois forsan carraig, RC x 88.2 . ninruc for maith ar sóire `has not brought us to good', Wb. 21b3 .

V. freq. with prep. FOR (later AR) catches up, overtakes, etc.: b.¤ Tigernan . . . forru ic Ath Fhirdeadh `comes up with them', AU ii 120.1 . ni ḟil fiad arna bermís `would not overtake', RC vii 294.24 ( LL 29171 ). da mberthar ort, ZCP viii 541.6 . ruc an oidhche air `night overtook him', ZCP xi 136.16 . go rucc for esparta na manach `returned . . . in time for the vespers', BNnÉ 295 § 21 . mana fághbadh fortacht fá cend trí lá nách bérthai ara fortacht that it would be too late to help him, Expugn. Hib. 32. nach bérthaoi i mbethaidh forra muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918. 5 . go mbéaradh (Niúl) ar aimsir Mhaoise san Éigipt `should have survived till', Keat. ii 243. ní bheir an athmhadan ort / gan a mbí id dhún do dhúsocht `no morning finds thee', Aithd. D. 8.36 . an trath beris se ar a leth dorchaigid se uile e `when it spreads over half of the moon, the shadow (of the earth) obscures it completely', Ir. Astr. Tr. 86.24 . d'éis leighis orchra Uladh / beiris ortha an t-urdhubhadh, Aithd. D. 23.22 . ní fhuil cadad eidir .s. ┐ .c. le mbéradh bogadh air by which it might come to be devoiced, IGT Introd. § 30. ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria .sh. is not found in any position such that . . ., § 13 . beires L. ar Aódh seized, TBC-LL¹ 3897 n . (of a key position) beire ar sheas meadhóin Midhe, Aithd. D. 15.13 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . is ar bhrághaid uirre bheireas, TSh. 2324.

With imm (= do-beir II (d)): arrombuí dech . . . do thimthaigib . . . issed bertatar umpu ind éicis, Corm. Bodl. 32. With tre: berir dano a ndede sin trisin testimin so, Wb. 10b19 . co rucasdur bern .c. ┐ .1. tresin cath siar sechtair he cleared a gap for 150 . . ., Ériu viii 32.25 . co mbert crand trít transfixed him (with the spear), LU 1576.

X With nouns expressing movement: berid iarum a cem annuas `he steps down', Ériu v 32.30 . is ing ma rofuc nech díb a choiss sech araile, LU 8253 ( FB 20 ). nach bēram oired ordlaig tar ar n-ais nō cēim ar culaib, ML² 1379 - 80 . hisse leth rucsum a reim he directed his course, Rawl. 87a29 , ZCP viii 264 § 15. bertais amus arna sluaghaib he attacked the hosts, 543.18 . ruccsat ruathar dochum an cleirigh, BNnÉ 34 § 55 . in ruathar ronuc fon sluag the onslaught that he made upon the host, Ériu v 240.30 . ruc sidhe dian dasachtach futha he made for them, Fier. 233. bheireas léim ainmhear inntibh, Content. xxv 7. béra ó bháirc a caladh chúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 1005. b.¤ súr, see súr. Note also: feibh as deine ronuccsat as fast as they could go, AFM vi 2120.21 .

XI For do-beir gives: bertais rabudh ┐ oirchisecht do she gave him warning and commiseration, ZCP viii 541.4 . co rohuicc secht cētguini `dealt', Fianaig. 12.13 . bertais beim do, ZCP viii 552.27 .

XII Various phrases.

In greetings, salutations; malediction, censure, etc. with meaning takes (somet. = do-beir): tabhair is beir mo bheannocht (addressing a letter) `carry my blessing', Studies 1920, 569 § 25 . berid Émine bennachtain ona flaithib ┐ facbaidhsium alaile, Anecd. i 45.6 . See bennacht, búaid. bērat-sa slán lim I shall take my leave, ZCP viii 312.9 . In phr. b.¤ airbiri receives reproach, see airbire. berid trīst ┐ mallachtuin nōem nHērenn take with you the curse, ACL iii 3.23 .

In phr. b.¤ aithniu (aithne) see 2 aithne.

b.¤ buide gives, returns thanks: `tucc dúin uile,' ol in cerdd `berma buide,', ZCP iii 222.13 . See 2 buide. b.¤ cádus, onóir (do) (cf. do-beir) pays respect, honour (to): onoir ┐ cádus don dardáin, amal no-s-bertís don dómnach, PH 327.

b.¤ díga di see dígu: fis a mbrígha do-beir d'ḟilidh / nach beir (geibh, v.l.) díga d'idhibh óir who does not spurn, IGT Decl. ex. 75.

With eól, eólas (for earlier do-beir): beiridh th'inneach iul do dháimh, DDána 74.67 . beir eolus díreach damh-sa / . . . / don chathraigh guide me straight, 73 . beiris Abán eolus conaire doibh lasin tapar, BNnÉ 9 § 32 .

b.¤ fis (a ḟis), see 1 fis gets, obtains information, etc.: ni berair let a ḟis ní as mo na sin `that is all the information that thou wilt get', Ériu iii 164 § 17. bhéar mé fios mo bhríathar = I will make known my words, Proverbs i 23. rucad īarum a fis-sin co Colum Cille `that news was brought to C.C.', BColm. 54.20 . birt (bert, MSS.) mōit/mucu búaid-Bairchedo (see móit (a)), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 2. bertsa mo chubus co grian / in gach cath andecha riam, SG 187.31 .

b.¤ do rogu: ber-si do roga anois cia dib gresfi dochum an chatha `take thy choice', TTebe 4321 . berid Sreng cuigidh Connacht do rogain S. makes choice of the province of C., Ériu viii 56.38 . rogha do ríoghmhnáibh Uladh / ruguis, TD 27.41 . maor rugas mar ragha riamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 4.

? blipecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? blipecht or dil.ie/6154
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ferr búaidh b.¤ (blipfeacht, v.l.) ` warfare ', RC xlv 82 § 31 = Anecd. iii 18.2 ; `excellence is better than commonness (?)´ BFF 140 . See also Peritia xv 432 .

brath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brath or dil.ie/6578

 

Forms: mrath, mbrath, braith, bráth, bratha, braith

n Later form of mrath. Transitional spelling mbrath, Ériu iv 238.4 , LU 4707. Later also braith (: maith, Aithd. D. 61.31 ). Somet. bráth (see bráth). g s. bratha, Metr. Dinds. iv 194.15 , AFM v 1670.16 .

(a) act of betraying; treachery, betrayal: bid b.¤ (: chath), LU 4578 (TBC). mo b.sa, Anecd. i 5.11 (SCano 129). mairg lāim rogheoghain a b.¤ from treachery (?), RC xvii 229.28 . in bráth (sic) ┐ in trecun, TBC-LL¹ 4030. b.¤ is bét, MacCarthy 192.7 . ba lugu do chinaid . . . b.¤ a `mágistrech' andás b.¤ a `thigerna' (of Judas), PH 5167. ? fuair b.¤ (breith, v.l.) `fell . . . by treacherous chance', Metr. Dinds. iii 460.15 . dia b.¤ `to entrap' (sc. a bull), 370.3 . do bh.¤ . . . dia Céadaoin, DDána 14.7 . In cheville: cen b.¤ , Sc.M² 22a . amles do flatha, Laws i 230.z .i. . . . a braith, co ndligidh eneclann de, 234.3 Comm. i cinaid . . . do thengad, 156.31 .i. aer, no ainmed, no b.¤, no guforgill, no gufiadhnaisi, 162.6 Comm. See ZCP xiv 363.2 - 4 . Clann M. d'fagbail braith air ┐ a marbad doib `he was betrayed to the C.M.', Ann. Conn. 1390.3 . fuair an dream . . . / b.¤ ar a bheith i n-uaignios, Aithd. D. 3.14 . go ffuair an Ridire . . . b.¤ ar Shémus do beith i n-uamhaidh, AFM vi 2260.12 . b.¤ ar a háille an uair rug when he had an opportunity of observing her beauty (?), DDána 32.21 .

(b) act of spying, reconnoitring: do b.¤ in longphuirt, LL 38607 `to go spy out the camp', SG 378.3 . do b.¤ na mbailed marcaig, Ann. Conn. 1249.11 . do b.¤ tire tarrngire, Maund. 51. ni fhoil fath a mb.¤ mbaili `watching' or `guarding' (Notes), Magauran 2598 . an neach ga mbí an b.¤ the man on guard, Aithd. D. 5.4 . do bhaoi b.' gun ḟoirinn air were waiting for him, DDána 64.16 . Note further: [go n]dearbhair a buaidh aga b.¤ `may its (a boat's) excellence be tested and assured', Aithd. D. 82.11 . ro labuir fris do fuighlibh ailgeana do b.¤ a irlabra `to judge of his speech', Grail 82 . lór dá bh.¤ . . . / gach cath was sufficient testimony to him, O'Hara 3983. a mheic Bhríain a bh.¤ m'eíccsi `mark of my verse', Ériu ix 2.33 .

(c) act of revealing; revelation, sign: cen b.¤ brīathar goa `without meditating words of falsehood' (revealing ?), Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 2. lór do bh.¤ ar ghéire ar nguil / sgath mo dhéire na dheasguibh sufficient revelation of, IGT Decl. ex. 1120. Note also: ar n-a bhraith . . . do Gh. . . . go raibhe etc. when G. perceived, Keat. ii 1701. milaochus do braith ort, ZCP x 277. 26 . gá lucht iuil nocha bhíodh a bh.¤ / síon ciuin gan chioth, PBocht 2.23 . is tú braith na bhfleadh bhfíneamhna `hope of the wine-feasts', Aithd. D. 61.31 . b.¤ air bás Diarmada `a sign of D.'s death', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 328.18 .

(d) With AR: act of depending (on); dependence, something depending (on): an maitheas ar a mbí a b.¤ `the goods on which he depends', O'Hara 703. bheith aig bráth air chungnamh chách tar éis do bháis, De Imit. 45.13 . Cf. ar ṁb. Fer B. `our hope', Metr. Dinds. iv 334.22 .

(e) As qualifying and attrib. gen.: ethgig ┐ áes braith treacherous folk, LU 2190 ( FA 27 ). aés braith ┐ taisccélta ` spies ', AFM vi 2212.23 . cech bithbinech braith (: croich) `every treacherous criminal', PRIA xix (1895), 552 § 41 ( LL 18644 ). ni lossat na troich / recait bernaid ṁbraith (: scaith) `the gap of betrayal' (Táin 3368), TBC-LL¹ 3957. ar gach mbaegol mbraith, ACL iii 232.4 . beagán do luach bhraith as a fee for giving information, Magauran 1741 .

Compds. múr nach brisfe brathairminnleadh, DDána 89.20 . an bhrathbhuille bhodhbha `sudden blow', PBocht 3.3 . brath-choma bidhbhadh, MR 306.18 . cen báegul cen brathbini `treacherous crime', Metr. Dinds. iii 342.22 . bail nach bí brath-chocor beóil `no betraying murmur of lips', Ériu vii 220 § 8. adbul brathgnó, Metr. Dinds. iii 340.15 . berta brath-teagaisc false instruction, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 74.8 .

breth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breth or dil.ie/6758
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: brith, -e, breith, breith, -e, breith

ā, f. vn. of beirid. O. Ir. also brith i (with g s. in -e) (?), see GOI § 294 (b) , 727 . Later usually breith (d s. form). breith, f. g s. -e, IGT Decl. § 14 (69.6) . breith, Verbs § 13 . m., Beatha S. F. 1088 ; but breath in the sense `judgement´, Ériu lviii 154 ..

(a) act of carrying, bearing : fer brithe lésboiri gl. acolitum, Wb. 25d3 . asrous iarom a brith they were unable to bring it (a small pig), LU 1743. tōet nech ūaib . . . dia brith to carry it (a vessel of milk), ZCP viii 310.9 . a corp du brid taris syr da adhnacud `his body was borne eastwards over sea', Ann. Inisf. 1260.4 . teachtaire . . . / re breith sgéal `to bring messages', Dán Dé xiv 1 .

(b) act of bearing, bringing forth; parturition, birth : b.¤ et altram , Wb. 10b1 . óg re mbreith cen chuit cleithe, / óg i n-aimsir fírbreithe `a virgin before bearing', Blathm. 639 - 40 . co mbeba dot breith (: chleith) / do mathair, LL 18503. ar thrumme inna brithe, 33190 ( Fraech 107 ). saer bru beiris brith `that brings forth', Laws iii 312.20 Comm. mar mhnaói ag breith = that travaileth, Isaiah xiii 8. re linn beirthe Chríost, Keat. i 46.23 . breith . . . ar Slánuightheora, Donlevy 448.10 . glasgeg darach fo brith `the green branch of an oak in bearing', RC xxiv 196 § 11 (see Cín Chille Cúile 99-100 n. 117 ). deich nuain do breith in aoínḟecht d'aon chaoiridh, AFM iii 608.7 . Med. womb : dortadh fola . . . on breith (= matrix, Vocab.), Rosa Angl. 26.3 . no a muchad na breithe ac mnaim suffocatio hysterica (see Gloss.), 92.3 .

(c) act of carrying away, taking (with one) (opp. of tabart), Frequ. with LA with ref. to logical subject of vn. phr. In physical and abstract senses: mad fíu lib mo ainechsa do breith less, Wb. 14a4 . a b.¤ ┐ a tabairt `its taking and its giving', Laws iv 48.1 Comm. nir lam didu nech do feraib Herenn a b.¤ leis `durst carry him away', RC xxiv 190.15 . rinn a bhaise do bhreith lais, Dán Dé xv 33 . gorta dom brith, Irish Texts i 35.26 . mórán . . . nach feudfadaois do bhreith leó (= non potestis portare, Joh. xvi 12 ), Eochairsg. 14.17 .

(d) act of carrying off, securing, winning (a game, etc.): breith nó caill na glóire `the gaining . . . of the glory', Donlevy 186.7 . fá bhreith . . . na maithiosa saoghaltha (= gain in Span. text), Desid. 2762. in ferann uile do breith don ingín a dualgus bancomarbais `all the land is obtained by the daughter', Laws iv 40.20 Comm. See díriuch, techtugad. Note also: sdíoma bruit h'eich imtheachduigh / dá breith dhuit re ndonnchorcair you prefer the fringe of your horsecloth to (a) crimson (robe) (?), IGT Decl. ex. 121.

(e) act of carrying off, away (from, etc. with meaning limited by prepp.): inna fecheman .i. do breith neich assom (dobreithnechtassom, MS.) gl. depraedationi . . . creditorum, Ml. 127b1 . mo máthair do brith a cacht to take . . . from bondage, Ériu iv 98.2 . ar iss ed a cert-som a findtid do breith ar fine (Comm.) `to hold their family-land against the fine', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 151 .z . brith in chísa út díbh, RC xxvii 294 § 58. ní inchoisget sidi ní iarna ṁbrith onaib rannaib frisṁbiat `after being taken from the parts of speech', Sg. 202b3 . dot breithsiu úanna `to carry thee off from us', Mon. Tall. 153.27 . nir' āil dōib a thaissi do brid dō ūaithib, ZCP iii 35.9 . cia forúair a mbreith chucca? `who caused them to be brought to her?' Metr. Dinds. iii 386.11 . mo breith co hArdmacha (my body) to be carried to A., Cog. 200.26 . A. . . . dom breth co sid sogar `A. . . . to bear me to gainful peace', Gorm. Aug 29. ba cōru ind eich uccu[t] do breith dond espug, ZCP viii 106.22 . narbo cuman lia muintir si a breith leo do Cill Dara `did not remember to bring it (sc. a flitch of bacon) with them to K.', Thes. ii 339.15 . ind aiccend do brith for antepeneuilt `the bringing . . . on', Sg. 216b1 . iarna breith sech ingru / for dindgnu secht nime, Fél. Ep. 119. da breith for nem to bring it (sc. the soul) to heaven, ACL iii 216.6 . a mbrith i ndoiri `to carry them into slavery', Ml. 33c13 . dod b.¤ i tech péne `to bring thee into the house of pain', Ériu ii 222.7 . dia mbreith in óitith `to bring them (back) into youth', Sg. 63b6 . gá breith a ceann choinghleaca (a horse), IGT Decl. ex. 1187.

With DO, FRI act of referring (to): a brith do israheldaib `its reference to the Israelites', Ml. 36c20 . 36c21 . 37a10 . á brithe do iudaib `of its reference to the Jews', 37a6b . a mbrith fri corpu peccatorum `to refer to etc.', Wb. 13d4 . a brith frisa ndliged remeperthe, 23c11 .

(f) bre(i)th for (ar) act of catching up on, overtaking : drem . . . do breith forro i mB. `came up with them at B.', Ann. Conn. 1260.14 . ticedh sī do breit a mbethaidh orum `let her come if she would find me alive', ZCP vi 99.14 . go bhfanfaidis re sgéala do bhreith ortha for news to reach them, Celt. Rev. x 142.14 . ba geis do flaithibh Temrach eirge ngreine do breith forra alla astigh do shecht múraibh na T., BNnÉ 324 § 39 . iar mbreith do chéd tosach an geimhridh ┐ don oidhche fa da fair `when . . . the beginning of winter . . . has set in', AFM v 1792.16 . oibre . . . ar nach fuil breith uair oile for which no other time can be found, Parrth. Anma 2411. ní fhuil breith air gan díommbuaidh gcatha do bheith ort `there is no avoiding defeat for thee', Keat. iii 936. fa bheith . . . ag breith amuigh ar an Eagluis Romhanaigh censuring (?) the Roman Church (lit. catching out ), Luc. Fid. 2818. ag breith ar láimh ar Dh. taking D. by the hand, Desid. 638.

(g) act of judging, deciding; judgment, legal ruling, interpretation: immess fírían do brith for cach, Ml. 103c15 . bím do bhreith le bior an troighigh / nach reic[h] cion an oinigh orm, IGT Decl. ex. 812. Frequ. in figura etymologica: is ón spirut rouiccius brith, Wb. 9b6 . éitset frisin precept et berat brith fuiri gl. diiudicent, 13a11 . berid cách brith for arele gl. suspiciones malae, 29b9 . ber brith étrunn, Ml. 38c28 . á rí beres bretha, Fél. Ep. 416. ag breith breithe, RC xliii 8 § 2. ergc co C. cor-ruca brith fort, Ériu ii 222.4 . a ghníomh do fhlaith béaraidh breith a prince's deeds shall judge him, DDána 91.9 . Note further: na bretha scribatar and in æpistolis , Wb. 17b2 . am gáeth i mbretaib, LU 10287 (TE). cosnum a breithe o ro-sn-uca `to defend his decision when he has given it', Laws v 252.9 . imtiagad breatha ilbruige, 466.15 . i mbreathaib aicnigh ┐ cuibse ┐ screbtra, 452.20 . satharn do brethaib, Críth G. 547. a mbreith údair `in the decision of an author', Leb. Cert. 204.14 . In titles of legal tracts: Breatha Comaithcesa, Laws iv 68 . ZCP xv 315.12 . bretha dein checht, Bretha § 1 . córus breatha neimead, O'D. 2189 (Nero A vii, 132a). See neimed. breith le báidh a partial decision, Content. vi 176. do chuir Molaise do bhreith aithrighe air dul i nAlbain `imposed as penance on him', Keat. iii 1358. ruc Ioseph doib . . . / breith cóir foran-aslingthe interpretation , SR 3270.

(h) In phrases: tuc a b.¤ fen do braigdib dó whatever hostages he wished, RC xviii 274.14 (Tig.). asbert Mugain frisin mbancanti dobérad a b.¤ féin di día mbenad, etc. whatever she liked, LU 4223. fuair Ráth bhoth a breath leannáin `R. obtained its chosen love' (in appointment of prelate), Arch. Hib. i 96 § xii . gon ar breith (sic leg.) dhó (gan air a chumas, v.l.), BNnÉ 158 § 11 (see Éigse ix 272 ). ata gach uile ní ar breith (no comas) don tí creitfes = omnia possib[i]lia sunt cre- denti (note f.), ITS xix 44.22 . ná bíodh ar breith a úabhair `let him not be led by pride' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 26. 219.22. tabhram fad bhreith / . . . / nua na calla `let me put 'neath Thy power', Dán Dé xvi 8 . an maor do bhí ar gach mbaile / tug Brian fa bhreith a dtoile `placed beneath the authority of its folk', Content. v 75. ní nár dhuit dol fár mbreith-ne `to yield to our judgment', vii 16 . Note further: tíachtain tar do breith `to transgress thy judgment', Ériu iv 134.22 .

(i) With various nouns: is fer bret[h]i budi ┐ oirbiri `a man great in thanksgivings and in upbraidings', MacCongl. 87.9 . is cóir buidheachas do bhreith ré Dia `to give thanks to God', Donlevy 6.15 . eolus do breith ann `to find out the way thither', MR 276.14 . breith do roghuin . . . diomoladh na neolghach d'fulang, tar a bheith dorcha air chách preferring , Donlevy xxii 16 . See 1 enech, robud. céim do bhreith tar Chambrens ag cáineadh na n-Éireannach to go a step beyond Cambrensis, Keat. i 40.8 . See léimm. Note further: d'aicsin Dé is ní dom breith buan `to see Him, not to save myself', Dán Dé xxvi 41 .

? b.¤ .i. sith no cain, aprobio a greig, pax uobis a laidin, sith no si[th]cain a gaoidheilg, O'Dav. 323.

Compds. With nouns: a breat[h]aga (: lethḟada) time for judgment, ACL iii 235 § 20. bráthchæi .i. brethcheo ǽi, Corm. 7. re bhreithcheirt a breitheamhan ` justice ', MR 102.16 . ar bhéin re breithionnadh (breitindead, breith fionna, v.ll.) mbreath, LMuimhneach 425.293 . cét mbó mbrethlaind `a hundred well-selected cows' ( Corm. Tr. 26 ), Corm. Y 179. ? Cf. búalann. robae ar brethlaind Midi immuig / M. . . ., Rawl. 164b11 . na brethlaind `in his place of judgment' ( Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 30 ), LL 23969. fāeisidi . . . / cona brethlogad as bind confession . . . with Absolution, ACL iii 237 § 24. F. . . . / barr uas brethraind bithbuadaig, LL 15939. báire breath-sholuis gacha bréithre, MR 108.18 .

With adjj.: buaidh mbreatha (inbetha, v.l.) breathadh- bhail, IT iii 57 § 107.10 . firinne bruinnti, bretheamhanda, breth-fhuaslaictheach ` redeeming ', MR 98.18 . ainm bechtglan (breathglan, v.l.), ITS xxxv 94 § 11 .

bríathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bríathar or dil.ie/6796

 

Forms: brethar, breithre, briathar, -glicc

n ā, f. GOI § 161. brethar, Laws i 268.14 . b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 56. In later lang. also o, m.

(a) word; in religious sense Word (of God); utterance, talk, saying(s), speech, discourse ; non-verbal sign (?) Éigse xxiv 41 : o .i. son i mbraighid. p .i. briathar sechtair, Ériu xiii 37.4 . nach tan do furgaib int augtur brethir for a gin sechtair bid briathar for a menmain fris gair do suidev . . . illud verbum . . . illi verbo . . ., Hib. Min. 12.410 , 411 . briathar cen guth .i. briathar in sgribhind, nó in compoid merda `the written word', O'Dav. 285 , Ériu xiii 37.7 . briathor insce apud Eoles (an Aeolic *βρήτρα seems intended, ed.), O'Mulc. 160. be sóir mo brethre `I shall be free as regards my word', Wb. 4c18 . ammi tuailṅge ar mbrethre gl. uerbo (. . . æpistolas), 17b5 . indat mbriathra gl. verba, Ml. 44b9 . do rad inna mbriathar sa gl. haec uerba, 46a19 . imfresnat a ngníme fria mbriathra `their deeds conflict with their words', Wb. 31b30 . deich míli briathar, 12d25 . it immaircidi dunni inna briathrasa, Ml. 22c5 . ni aithirgi ho briathraib nammá cen gním gl. non usque ad uerba, 23a11 . olc hi cridiu ┐ briathra aildi `fair words', 55a11 . ar chomallad do briatharsu, 39a12 . ni sulbir in b.¤ gl. sermo contemptibilis, Wb. 17b4 . taibred for mb.¤ ráth spirito do chách gl. sermo vester, 37c28 . briathra aildi la cechtar de fri alaile gl. sermone, Ml. 31a24 . inna briathra radas, 42c4 . níbat briathra nach aili gl. non explorata loquar, 68c10 . eritiu briathar ho neuch anall gl. reddendique sermonis, 59a15 . frissaní immeraidtis hua briathrib, 61c12 . briathar lám . . . briathar súle . . . briathar glunæ . . . briathar choirp gl. membrorum motus sermo, 138a2 . int ord nobeth fornaib briathraib gl. dictorum hunc habet ordinem, 27d22 . inna briathra grecdi se, Sg. 72a2 . hi mbrethir hi cocell hi ṅgním, Thes. ii 253.11 (Stowe M.). for brethir `in word', Wb. 15d5 . intan tra batar forsna briathraib se `when they were thus talking', Thes. ii 307.15 (Hy. ii Pref.). umaldóit for (fri, v.l.) bréthir ` mouth-humility ', Ériu iii 102 § 27a . trea chumbair ṁbriathar ` compendiously ', Thes. ii 327.5 . briathar foirbthigedar in duine i ndírgi cáingníma `the Word which perfects man', Wb. 4d6 . in bethu dorairngert som issí in briathar insin gl. uerbum suum in praedicatione, 31a9 . indhí pridchite . . . brethir dǽ gl. qui laborant in uerbo et doctrina, 29a12 . briathra dǽ, Ml. 146a1 . oc procept bréthri Dé, PH 2173. as esiomh . . . an bhriathar = the word, RSClára 142a. cundail a b.¤ (rhet.), LU 3401 ( SCC 18 ). grāibre .i. magar .i. briathar grata, O'Mulc. 688 = graibhri .i. briathar ghrata, no onórach, O'Cl. rabert-si na briathra sa she spoke these words, TBC-LL¹ 5730. ilar mbriathar mbláith rot char, LU 3614 ( SCC 30 ). millse briathra ḟir thochmairc, LL 13975 n. a (121a marg. sup.). in tan . . . bói Ísu oc lábra na mbriathar-sa, PH 3076. Secundi / cain i mbriathraib bíae `fair in words of might', Fél. Mar. 22. cona . . . digebad cid a oen ḟocul dia briathraib `not to . . . take away a single word that she said', Mon. Tall. 150.5 . nach duine isin tig arta-ceisi guth ┐ gním ┐ bréithir with . . . word, BDD² 884. brēthir bláith with gentle words, Sc.M² 21 f . dorónus dōibh dūa[i]n mbinn mbairdne, / brēithir glēisi with clear words, ACL iii 296 § 45. ro-slanaig Ísu me d'aen brethir, PH 2789. briathra Brain (of the baying of a hound), Measgra D. 38.15 . bríathra cogaidh, Studies 1920, 416.1 . ná tabhair bréithir mbréige `utter no false word', 1924, 244 § 26 . Brīathra Floinn Ḟīona maic Ossa (title of collection of maxims), Anecd. iii 10.15 . briathra fíra `just judgements', PH 823. briathar fhoirbhthe an ughdair-se this author's excellent saying, DDána 27a2 . ra bréthir a flatha `at . . . the command of their prince', TBC-LL² 4104 .

In phr. attá b.¤ (la, oc) di: intí diarobe briathar linn riam gl. de quo iam dixi, Sg. 197b12 . in Bethfage dia ta briathar i-fus of which mention is made here, PH 4600. ni do Thempul Solman . . . ro-bói briathar oc Ísu, 2725 .

(b) blessing, prayer, good wishes; in bad sense curse: forácaib bréthir fair (a well) `a blessing', Trip. 162.25 . tre brethir ṁBrigte, LL 38303 (` intercession ', SG 408.5 ). briathar .i. búaidh. fágbhaim ort briathar ┐ buaidh ar Colum Cille re Domhnall mhac Aodha, O'Cl. foracaib Pátraic breithir (.i. escaine) foraib, ACL iii 28 § 78. dorat Brigit brethir for Raith C. cona be[d] etc., Thes. ii 335.34 (Hy. v Comm.). fuirimh . . . / briathar doréir righ na rind / ar Ch. lay a curse on C., BNnÉ 314 § 8 .

(c) word, promise, assurance; pledge, vow: darm brethir (sic leg.) tra . . . isatt ailsiu damsa upon my word, LU 3918 ( SCC 43 ). dar ar mbréithir, CRR² 23. do brīathar bad fīr `let thy word be true', Ériu ii 172 § 3. ag so mo briathar ris . . . nach ticfaind . . . ┐ is briathar eile damh . . . nach gébaind, ML² 1439. ni ro-gabsat uada acht a bréthir do comallad friu save only that he should fulfil his promise to them, PH 908. ? dligid bés brēithir, Anecd. iii 15.2 (` `perhaps' merits a promise', RC xlv 71 § 36 ). co tanic mac N. ar breithir asin tig himag under a guarantee of protection, Ann. Conn. 1239.5 . gēmadh í an bhriathar bheag though it were a mere promise, Butler Poems 1243 . Phrases with verbs: dabiur bréthir . . . na fuil etc. `I swear ', TBC-LL² 747 . do-beram ar mbréthir . . . cunad fír, MU² 284. dobeirim fom bréithir a bhfiadhnaisi an Dúilim I swear in the presence of the Creator, Anecd. i 77.16 . tuc dā brēithir pledged his word, ML² 191. da-oṅg-sa mo bréthir, MU² 181. do radh dhá bréithir . . . nach rachad he vowed, Duan. F. i 1.17 . ni thánic dar a bréthir did not break his word, RC xx 12 § 17. tucus mo bréthir ris . . . ┐ ní faris ticfaither, MU² 179.

(d) Legal statement, testimony: is iat na tri fira is luga a enechus: lorg ┐ briathar ┐ suilgnais. A lorg on mír gan urlabra, a briathar on mir co n-urlabra ┐ a sulgnais on ceill maith gan urlabra, Cóic Con. 42 § 63. na hechlacha, cor indligthech, cin breithir, ni berat coibchi muna thisat fri dligi without guarantee, Laws v 272. y Comm. ? fasc tres brethar an is nesam i n-urd, i 268.14 . na tri briathra da fasc na athgabala . . . gur ab edh adbera don tres brethir i n-urd aisnesin: ro gabuis t'athgabhail, 302.23 , 26 Comm. ni fastann acht na tri briathra .i. in lin fear, ┐ in lin ceall, ┐ in la sundradhach (of the testimony of the mac bec or m. enncai), O'Curry 2431.2 ( Eg. 88, 35a-b ). tecmaltar a insce dó hi teora bríathra his statement is assembled by him into three words (of testimony of the fer midboth), Críth G. 40. Attrib. g s.: aithne breithre `a verbal charge ' (one of seven deposits that require to be restored), Laws v 196.3 .

(e) Gramm. verb: briathar . . . uerbum , Auraic. 300. ind infinit in e ón bréthir in o, Sg. 54a16 . amal as ṁbriathar gníma aperio an active verb, 145b4 . fríssin bréthir as sum , Thes. ii 228.36 (PCr.). ara forcmatis in tuisel sainredach inna brethre hua mbiat, Sg. 149a5 . itar in di brethir so, 203a16 . ar in ṁbrethir ṅdiuit, 140a4 . dia techtat briathra in -go gl. si a uerbis sint in `go' desinentibus, 112b3 . on brethir is axarcisto, Laws v 22.10 Comm. in dobriathar .i. do 'g-a rada nach briathar he, 4.11 Comm. on brethir choitchind asberar sufragor gl. [s]uffragare, Gild. Lor. 1.

Compds. With nouns. in Briatharchath ban Ulad War of Words, LU 8039. gur uo briathor-chealga brēgacha ro chan `deceitful . . . words', Fl. Earls 138.28 . ag bríathar-chomrādh re aroile ` conversation ', 46. 23 . drem dub dorcha brisess bruth, / atbelat fri briathar-chruth, MS. Mat. 633.29 ( LB 242b85 ). Bríatharthecosc Con Culaind inso (heading of precepts of C.C. to king of Tara), LU 3465 ( SCC 25 ). With adjj. co Bresal ṁbrec ṁbriatharchaem of the fair words, Rawl. 83a53 . bērus bre[i]th brīathargla[i]n, ZCP viii 199.27 . derdilinne an eoil oirrdirc / firinne a beoil briathoirgilc (-gilc for -glicc ed.) wise of speech , ii 350.11 . a Bricriu báeth briatharguirt ` sour-worded ', RC xiv 424 § 45. sámud būan bríatharísel ` low-voiced ', Ériu ii 63 § 1. a bhille bhriatharmhaill `o letter of tardy words', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 13 . an bhuidhean bhriatharnar of modest speech, DDána 75.29 . With adj. as subst. don bhriatharthaoi bhinn quiet-spoken one (of a lady), DDána 117.51 .

brígmairecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brígmairecht or dil.ie/6821

 

n = brígmaire: buaidh ┐ brioghmhaireacht iomlán na Sacramuinteadh uile `their whole Force and Efficacy ', Donlevy 398.28 .

2 bronnad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bronnad or dil.ie/6977

 

Forms: bronnadh

u, m. vn. of 2 bronnaid. bronnadh, IGT Verbs § 80. act of bestowing, giving; gift: a indmus uile do bronnadh ar becc tuara `giving', CCath. 2357. ni do brondud `to bestow anything', Laws iii 46.7 Comm. a bhrondadh amhail chuinghes, ZCP viii 109 § 3. brondadh ar nach bīa aisecc a bequest that will not be reversed, RC xxxvii 352 § 10. as aire tucc an chill caomh, / mar brondadh uadh don ard-naomh, BNnÉ 250 § 204 . dá chéad each . . . chum a m-bronta d'fearaibh Eireann, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 178.10 . an té fhúathuighios bronta = gifts, Proverbs xv 27. rug . . . buaidh bronnta surpassed . . . in generosity, DDána 99.11 . nī tēit tethro 'na mbronntoib, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, v 92 § 2 .

1 bruïd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bruïd or dil.ie/7090

 

Forms: brúidid, bruigid, brugaid, bruid, bruït[h, breuis, bruis, ṁbruithi, brúd

v later brúidid, bruigid, brugaid. pres. ind. 3 s. bruid (disyll.), LU 3632 ( SCC 31 ). bruït[h, LMU² 2 (43.16) (see Celtica vi 222 n.1 ). pret. 3 s. breuis (mbruais, bruis, v.ll.) (disyll.), Fél. Apr. 4.

Breaks in pieces, smashes, crushes : ronbris, ronbrúi, O'Mulc. 830 g . ro brúithea (-bruithe, -bruitib, v.ll.) i ndálaib `they have been crushed', Fél. Prol. 35. corodṁbroe rí betha bailcc, SR 5469 (see VSR 28 ). co mbruet (sc. gaetha) na fidbada, 8123 . lāignib lethnaib, buidnib / bruuis crīcha Carmain he vanquished, Corp. Gen. 3.13 . Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 27 . brūis srābu sīl Cuind, Corp. Gen. 9.8 , Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18 § 17. brūsius (rhet.) `he crushed them' (Notes), Fing. R. 458. brútir a gai ┐ bristir a sciath, LU 8876 ( FB 67 ). guro brúdh ┐ guro minaiged a cnáma, Mer. Uil.² 34. nos cerband ┐ nos bruend iat, LU 8881 = nos bruigend, FB 67 (Eg.). bruastar buidhne branendai, KZ xxxiii 83.11 . bruifet tria asna a tháeib, LL 8670 (TBC) = brisfidh, TBC St. 1158. Cnogba . . . / nísbrúa sár snomda slúag `does not wreck it', Metr. Dinds. iii 50.26 . rosbrúi B. . . . / a oenur tria immargail, 390.57 . cen chleith mbratha rodusbrú (: fothu), iv 194.15 . bruidfithí a catrachai, Alex. 231 = brufidhi, ZCP xxx 113. noberad buaidh o Grecaib ┐ ro bruifedh foraibh, BB 422b13 (TTr.). ro buail ┐ ro bruidh ┐ ro basaidh . . . iat `bruised', Stair Erc. 471. bruigid ┐ brissid muru na tond frisna halltaib `dashed . . . the walls of the waves against the cliffs', Aen. 228. lomarsat na bolga din chruib ┐ nos-bruiddís cona nguilbnib frisna clocho, RC x 76.4 . bíodh go mbrúighfeá amadán a moirtéul = though thou shouldst bray a fool in a mortar, Proverbs xxvii 22. gur brúghadh . . . na cléirigh leo `bruised . . . the clerics', Keat. iii 1430. brúittear é (= conteritur, Job xiv 2 ), TSh. 7590. bruar cach bidh do . . . no cuma lais cidh bedh bruidhes no do meala `whatever he crunches' (recte), Laws iv 354.12 Comm. ar son co mbrūidthear . . . a ngaili = stomachi compressionem, RSláinte 4334.

Transfd. dideirn (.i. dot gráin) bródeirg brufitir (rhet.), LU 10388. ro bruitis ┐ ro gonais cride ┐ menmain do banchumale, LB 233a58 . ro bruiset baig ┐ brethir / i cend demuin teithmir thruaig, LL 364 marg. sup. 2 . ná b(h)rúigh an trúaghán = neither oppress the afflicted, Proverbs xxii 22.

Intrans. gur bhrúghsad croinn a shleagh fá a dhornaibh `the shafts of his spears broke', CRR² 21.

part. a lestar ṁbruithi `broken vessel', Lism. L. p. 324.31 . giolcach brúite, Isaiah xlii 3. na dáoine agá bhfuilid croidhthe brisde brúidhti = the broken-hearted , Lk. iv 18. fuil Bh. nár bhrúidhte roimh bhíodhbhaidh, Keat. Poems 901. Cf. breóite.

Vn. brúd.

1 búaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búaid or dil.ie/7221
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: boid, mbuaid, boad, bód, búadach, mbuáid, būed, buade, buada, -mbuadhe, buaidi, ṁbúada, ṁbúade, buáith, bōaidh, búada, búada, búada, bhúaidhe, buada, búadae, búade, mbúadaib, búadh, búaidh, búadha, buaidhe, buada, buadha, buadchind

n i, n., perh. earlier ā, f. Arch. boid gl. (ad) bravium (sic leg.), Wb. 24a16 (a prima manu). n s. a mbuaid , Ml. 43b7 (gl. triumphus). b.¤ , Fél. Oct. 12. b.¤ nIóib, May 11 . boad, Corp. Gen. 7.3 . bód (buaid, MS : óg), Ériu xxii 42 § 10 (earliest form ? Cf. búadach, 50 n. 10). a s. a mbuáid , Wb. 11a6 . būed, ZCP xii 234 § 47. g s. buade, Wb. 24a17 (cf. GOI § 301 ). buada (: -chūala), Thes. ii 349.7 (Hy.v). -mbuadhe (: huaighe), Blathm. 418 , buaidi, 625 . ṁbúada (: Chlúana), Fél. Prol. 183. ṁbúade, June 5 . d s. don buáith , Wb. 11a7 . d a s. fo bōaidh , ZCP x 45.22 . n a p. búada, LU 10184. na tri búada , 6893 (BDD). teóra búada , 6407 (TBC), buada, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, 438 § 1 . bhúaidhe, IGT Decl. ex. 126. buada, Fél. p. 156.12 . g p. búadae, Fél. Mar. 12. búade, May 3 . d p. co mbúadaib , Jan. 27. búadh m. g s. n p. búaidh , búadha, IGT Decl. § 38 (88.6) . g s. buaidhe, Donlevy 402.14 .

(a) victory, triumph: buaidh `victory', Eg. Gl. 64. buáid et indocbál domsa, Wb. 30d13 . a mbuáid inna mmíled talmande, 11a10 . is óinfer gaibes buáid diib, 11a4 . ní ba unus gebas a mbuáid huáibsi, 11a6 . di buaid inna mbabelóndae, Ml. 115d9 . amal runucad buáid diib `as victory had been won over them', Ml. 104a8 . Cf. IT i 72.10 ( LMU 8 ). aní atreba b.¤ no molad gl. palmarium, Sg. 35a10 . iar ṁb. ┐ coscur, Fél. Ep. 23. b.¤ Maicc Dé dia námait, Feb. 15. PH 4900. cach buaid fri hU Neill, Lat. Lives 81 .z . do ruc buaidh na coimhlinga, Feis Tighe Chonáin 994. seoid ┐ maine . . . log a mbuada, TTebe 24651 . buaidh cogaidh, Stair Erc. 2130. buaidh cáigh ar Laighnibh the Laigin conquered all, LBranach 2427 . Eagluis na mBuadh Church Triumphant, Eochairsg. 73.12 .

With follg. defining gen. esp. in religious contexts victory, palm, crown, etc. (of martyrdom, penitent's death, etc.): iar ṁbuaidh ega is aitrighe, BB 59a4 . īar mbūaidh mbrethamhnuis, ZCP viii 213 § 64. dochotar buaid martra, LB 220a51 . Cf. PH 6520. b.¤ n-ailithre `the prize of pilgrimage ', Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 19 . birt būaidh [n]-eccna (Colum Cille), ZCP viii 197 § 6. Cf. iar mbreith bhuadha ó dhomhan ┐ ó dhemhan, AFM ii 982.7 . do bhean buadh, Aithd. D. 95.29 .

(b) special quality or attribute, gift, virtue (see Jn. Celt. Stud. i 98-104 ; the positive equivalent of geis, LEIA B-107 ); pre-eminence, excellence; prerogative; with follg. gen. us. the choicest, best: buaidh .i. toga, O'Dav. 223. buaidh .i. maith, ut est buaidh innsgi anaib great courtesy is the most excellent thing in speech, 199 . b.¤ precepte `the gift of teaching', Wb. 27c20 . dom-berthar b.¤ lére the gift of fervour, zeal, Fél. Prol. 3. būada in betha `Herrlichkeilen', Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, 438 § 1 . má bód / mBreg mbras, Ériu xxii 42 § 10. biaid b.¤ láech ┐ chleirech huait co bráth (i.e. you will produce the best of warriors and clerics), Trip.² 1071. is buaid laech, is fo in fer atacualamar, Hib. Min. 72.31 . itāat trī būada formsa .i. būaid roisc, ┐ indtliuchta ┐ airdmesa accomplishments , TBC-I¹ 298. búada imda . . . . a gáes . . . b.¤ clessamnachta. buaid mbúanfaig . . . buaid n-airdmiusa, LU 10153. buaid do gal, do gart, do gaisced, do gen fāilte fri cach n-óen, Fing. R. 497. a Loegairi . . . a b.¤ n-óc nUlad, LU 8111 ( FB 8 ). fuil buaid clérig . . . / for gruaid Ailig, LL 21937. aill do buadaib Duind Ch. and-so .i. coica samaisce no daired cach lái, TBC-LL¹ 1529. bha b.¤ caintaisceda a treasured possession (a sword), 5957 . bratt bommannach co mb.¤ cach datha thariss with quality, LL 11944. b.¤ fir bí `the noblest living man' (of Colum Cille), Metr. Dinds. ii 40.20 . rob lir buada beannachtan / ar do ṡíl, Leb. Cert.² 174.132 . `tarrais buaid focail fair ┐ n-anma' (i.e. you have named him well), Acall. 5533. a buaid na mban o flower of women, ML² 736. seacht n-urgarta rígh Temruch . . . A sheacht mbúadho .i. íascc Bóinne, fíadh Luibnighe . . . entitlements (?), PRIA liv (1951) 8.6 . na gessa sin ┐ na buada, BB 267b3 . gur coilled a gesa ┐ gur brised a buada `(Cúchulainn vit) que ses interdits avaient été violés et que ses vertus étaient anéanties´ Comp. CC 81 § 13 (Aided Con Culainn) , LEIA B-107 . Cf. BB 267 b 3 above. .iii. buadae laechdachtae .i. fessae, toglae, tānae, O'Mulc. 526. a c[h]lérig, . . . mac . . . meic beōiri būaid mbainde, MacCongl. 33.17 . buaid ndibeirge an unsurpassed outrage, Prolegomena 29 n. a guidhe is blagh dá buadhaibh (of the Cross) `one of the blessings', Aithd. D. 88.12 .

(c) good, advantage, profit, benefit: nocon fetur . . . / in buaid dorignius no in bet, LU 3861 ( SCC 38 ). noca nedh(a) sin is buaid ann Suibni do dul ar geltacht, acht ar facaib do scelaib ┐ do laidhib dia eis, Laws iii 88.5 Comm. cía buaid duinne tadall in sídasa ?, Dinds. 65 ( LL 22557 ). ba ferr b.¤ a n-anocail oldás b.¤ a ṅgona, BDD² 953 - 4 . is hē a mbūaid (of alms), ACL iii 319 § 73. d'ḟéachain buadh na saobh-ṡroth `seeing the good of those wild floods', Content. xxx 29. fri buaig da cach duil, Ériu ii 124 § 75.

Attrib. g s victorious, triumphal; pre-eminent, outstanding; precious: adrad Maicc Dé dán búada `victorious art!' Thes. ii 349.7 (Hy. v). ? cethracha blíadan co mbáig / ṁbúadai lan ríaglach tria rím, Ériu vii 228 § 68. dobert bendacht ṁbúade/ for epscop Erc, Fél. Nov. 2. ech buada , 156.11 ` valuable ', Laws i 230.z. cuairt buadha `a triumphant visit', Ériu iv 112 § 1 . an ghein brigmar bhúadha, Duan. F. ii xlv 2 (` gifted '). feacht buadha `a triumphant progress' (i.e. death), BNnÉ 287.1 . Eoin buadha Baiste, Celt. Rev. x 133. 17 . cloch bhuaidhe ` gem ', Rel. Celt. ii 234.27 . líog buadha, TD 41.17 . aimsear bhuadha, Keat. Poems 1347. ? Predic. g s. nir buada a athig mé / i mbethaidh maic D. (said by the widow of mac D. to a churl who wishes to force her to be his wife), D IV 2, 53 vb 20 .

In salutation: att-re buaidh ┐ bennachtain, Grail 2981 . beir buaidh ┐ beannachtain, Feis Tighe Chonáin 205.

Freq. in chevilles: b.¤ suthain, Fél. Nov. 28.

In phr. co mb.¤ (búadaib) (freq. a cheville): gein co mbúadaib, Fél. Jan. 27 (`with victories'). mac Māil co mbuaidh, ML² 1292. béra in memrum fá buaidh , ZCP ii 225.2 . bheith fa bhuaidh nó bheith slán, DDána 46.31 . orusa dhamh dul fa bhuaidh `I am likely to win', PBocht 18.5 . Goill re céd mblíadhan fa bhúaidh victorious , IGT Decl. ex. 333.

Compds. With nouns: tre būadail `durch einen siegreichen Stein', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 1 .i. ail bauda (sic), v.l. add. atbath iar ṁbuadail co mblaid, Rawl. 164a24 . buadhall .i. all buadhach no halla buadach ` all-victorious ', O'Cl. buadharg .i. láoch buadhach, ib. Mag nItha tes Brí buadchind (attrib. g s.), LL 554. ro marbsat in ṁbuadching bil, 15667 . corn na mbuadh-chloch precious stones, A. Ó Dálaigh ix 3. búadfocol an ro radis you've hit the nail on the head (?), LU 10060. .u.c. bliadna buadgaire, BB 357b13 = bith-glaine, Metr. Dinds. ii 50.12 . buadgein buagnige, IT iii 247.115 . bethir borb būaidgniad, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18 § 17. buaidliae (sic leg.) gl. lapis uictoriae, Sg. 15b11 . buadliae, Sg. 113a2 . buadremmend ind Léith Macha `victorious courses', RC iii 181.37 ( LL 14055 ). bar hEirc Buadaig buaidrī, Corp. Gen. 9.15 . Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18 § 21 . With n. pr. bri buad-Cuinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 62.7 . is C. dligetar / arróet caincomram búadErcoil, LU 8950 ( FB 71 ).

With adj.: Búaidbeó (n. pr.), Fél. Nov. 17. circi Bairci na mbuadgarg (subst.), BB 399a43 .

With adj. derived from noun: Buadgalach (n. pr.), LL 11519 (TBC).

See 1 cath, 1 il.

? 2 búaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 búaid or dil.ie/7222

 

n buaidh , báth, Eg. Gl. 63 (error for bith ? Gloss. s.v. 1 bath).

búalann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búalann or dil.ie/7259

 

n bualann .i. buaidh, ut est briathra bualann[a] britheman .i. briathra bualanna no buadacha na mbritheman de beith ann, O'Dav. 269. buadhlainn .i. breitheamhain, O'Cl. badar bualaind ┐ badair firbreathaígh ín triar oile, BB 19a12 . buadlainn ┐ . . . firbrethimh . . . .i. Goisden, Aimirgin ┐ Donn ` jurists ', Geneal. Tracts 5 § 8. cuma ní ḟeadar bíodh aithfear ar bhuadhlannaibh ` judges ', Ó Bruad. iii 172.7 (buadhlann .i. breithiomh; ionann buadhlann ┐ breithiomh, v.ll).

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