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bec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bec or dil.ie/5512
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: lugimen, beag

adj o, ā small, little, of size, quantity, extent, physical and moral: b.¤ quasi ec ebraice paru[u]s interpretatur, , Corm. Y 151. duine beg gl. homunculus, Ir. Gl. 436. magnus et minus . . . mor ┐ beg, Auraic. 676. natat beca gl. non parua, Ml. 18b6 . cid na olc mb.¤ `even any little evil', 35d9 . atá debe m[b]ec nand, 40a20 . ma beth na galar b.¤ for corp duini, Thes. ii 245.34 (Cambr.). na brithemnachta becca `petty judgements', Wb. 9c8 . both b.¤ gl. umbraculo, Ml. 100c21 . inna mmacc ṁbecc, 123b12 . cid b.¤ cid már gl. quantitas, Sg. 28b7 . immar fa b.¤ `whether it be great or small', 73a16 . huan suidiu biuc gl. modica sesione, Ml. 135a14 . o aimsir bicc `for a little time', Wb. 5c2 . is becc rand aos túate ┐ lucht na sencheld mór ucut `the laity and the people of the great old churches yonder are of little worth', Mon. Tall. 137.4 nibo b.¤ in tech, Sc.M² 5. fri ré iúbili bicci .i. uii mbliadna, LU 4044. cansit ceól mb.¤ , LU 3274 ( SCC 7 ). ar thoirsi in meic bic do chosc, MU² 186. atchi tenid mbic `a little fire', RC xxiii 418.25 . id-bert an laoidh mbig si ann, ML² 1151. b.¤ cech glōr is cech gredan, Bruchst. i 62 § 143. dogní na briathra beca sa (of some lines of rhetoric), SG 371.18 . faillsighis . . . doibh-siumh an talamh mbiucc dia mbattar iarraidh .i. tir thairrngire, BNnÉ 77 § 148 . lethad baisi bigi (of a measure of bread), ZCP vi 286.10 . beag nglóire thú i dtalmhain (lit.) small as regards glory, Dán Dé viii 13 (but ex. may belong to subst. use below). más beag mór ar mbéim `all our sins, great and small', Aithd. D. 85.2 . ní fhuil dá éis dom scéimh acht scáil bheag, Keat. Poems 516. do chrích Banbha is beag re maoidheamh `small credit to B.', Aithd. D. 28.6 . b.¤ b.¤ very small, Ériu v 22.21 . becc nāt beg `not too tiny', K. and H. 10 (See Bull. Board of Celt. Stud. xxiv (1972) 484).

Compar. and superl. supplied by root *lug (cf. ). b.¤ ┐ lugum ┐ lugusomh, Auraic. 659. Compar. laugu (sic leg. laugi, MS), Wb. 6b12 . lugu, 16c26 , Ml. 23a13 . laigiu, 17c7 , Sg. 120b2 . lugha gl. minor, Ir. Gl. 1115. dleagait mic leigind . . . saire ada lugu a free status that is less (than that of higher-ranking men of letters), Laws v 102.6 . gnim nad lugu smacht for which the penalty is not less, IT i 70.19 . co nar ba luga hí . . . oltás orcc cránai it was no smaller than a young pig, PH 7210. ni lugu is machtnaigthi lim-sa I have no less reason to marvel, 1758 . gerba lugu d'ais ┐ do airrdi in gilla sin `of lesser age and height', TTebe 393 . Scotia Minor nó Scotia ba lugha, Keat. ii 5797. With DE: combad lugaite a nert i n-agid ríg Lagen that their strength might be the less, LL 6423. his laugudi a pennit, Ériu vii 154 § 2. ba lugaide a galarsom ón do suidiu `thus his sickness was alleviated', Ériu xii 166.7 . ro ba lughaide ro heccaoíneadh a oidheadh go ro thionnsccain sé dol ar bélaibh a athar `was the less lamented', AFM v 1778.1 .

Superl. : lugimen gl. minimam, Ml. 14c10 . is ē dēach is laigem, Corm. Y 447. cia luigem i fuillemaib gell, Laws v 376.1 . With form of compar. : ūair is é mer is lauga isin lāim é (the little finger), Corm. Y 809. na tri fira is luga a fenechus the three smallest (least in value), Cóic Con. 42 § 63 . i coneilg in neich is lughu, Auraic. 677. in aen lámh mharcaigh as luga rob olc `by no means one of the least expert horsemen', AFM vi 2040.11 . In adverbial phrases: na rachthai . . . co cend .x. ṁbliadan a n-as lugu de `at the least' ( TTr. 1776 ), LL 32574. in mēide is lugha dhe, Fl. Earls 178.z . adeirim nī sa lugha cúig Paidreacha at least , Parrth. Anma 777. muna rabha sí ann go follus, ní as lúgha de, bíodh sí a bhfolach none the less, Mac Aingil 2210 .

As adv. in d s. (in) biuc little, a little ; a while?), in some exx. perh. merely expletive: ma conatil biucc `if it has slept a little', Wb. 29d15 . in biucc gl. paulatim, Sg. 12b1 . cid in biucc `even in small measure', 39a25 . in biuc iarum gl. paulo post, Ml. 19b6 . in biuc `to a small degree', 122b7 . seōl bic romaind 'sa rōt cētna / a choss truag-sa, ACL iii 243 § 27. an biuc, a L. corot-aiciller, Sc.M² 9. tair bic ille, LU 3724 ( SCC 33 ). Compar. as adv. ind lugu gl. minus, Ml. 123c12 .

As subst. of persons and things small, petty, unimportant (of state, rank, possessions, etc.): ataat cetheora sabuid tuaithe noda-desruithetar i mbecaib who are degraded to small people, ZCP xvi 177 § 14 (= Laws i 54.8 ), see 184.23 . a becco, ol Fer Rogain, BDD² 888. nān .i. b.¤ ut dicitur, nanus .i. abac nō lucharbān, O'Mulc. 828. dona beaguibh (= paruulis, Psalms 118 ), Parrth. Anma 9 (title-page). In phr. o b.¤ (biuc) co mór both small and great i.e. everybody: tabhach cíosa ┐ cána Maodhóg o bhecc go mór `from small and great', BNnÉ 203 § 44 , cf. v.l., n.3. na coiglidh enduine acu o b.¤ co mor, Fier. 131. donangatarsidhe ó bhiug co mór, Hugh Roe 108.10 . Cf. etir b.¤ ┐ mór both small and great, Ml. 114b17 .

As subst. o, n. a little, a little while, etc., smallness, fewness : beag, m. IGT Decl. § 65. cid a mb.¤ gl. uel paululum, Ml. 29b12 . b.¤ gl. paulum, Sg. 14a11 . Études Celt. xi 110. iṁforling hícc a mbeicc rochreti `of the few of them', Wb. 5b21 . is becc rofitemmarni i rrúnaib dǽe, 12c5 . cid beicc daucbaid si `of little worth', Wb. 21c12 . is hed a mbeccsin nammá dogníu di maith, 24a12 . cid b.¤ ṅdi ulc, Ml. 46a1 . cid cen na b.¤ ndo síd and `even without a little of peace there', 51a5 . ní b.¤ dia ndergeni forcenn a sailm `it is no small thing', 69c7 . corrobu b. du essarcnaib furodamair, 131b12 . becc torbai little profit, Thes. ii 296.4 . a mbecc mín `the small light diet', Mon. Tall. 152.20 . a mb.¤ arathá . . . doṁsaegulsa during the little that remains of my life, RC iii 179.9 . edrad fota do biuc (bicc, v.l.) buair `long the milking time for a few cattle', Ériu v 116.8 . dochóidseom trá i nnem arin ṁb. sin do maith, LL 36833. don ti rucc becc h'innmusa, RC xxvi 366.4 . beg dá hioth do-chúaidh ar gcúl, IGT Decl. ex. 1093. as beag do geabhthar do dhaoinibh fíréanta a small number, Desid. 2257. beag ga bhfoil an ceart ar chuimhne ` few ', Aithd. D. 38.5 . ar uathadh sluaigh ┐ ar beg mbuidhne, AFM v 1662.3 . Of time: ni bia do m'fhuirech-sa anosa mar-oen frit . . . acht b.¤ bet oc tuba h'uilc . . . i t'agaid, PH 8230. dar thrachtsam beg roimhe so `a short time', Geneal. Tracts 53.5 .

With prec. possess. 3 s.: rochotail a becc slept a while, TBC-I¹ 2513. nír codail a b.¤ an aidhchi sin he did not sleep at all, ZCP x 307.18 . ni rucsat a beg ar a m-buidnib they quite failed to overtake, Celt. Rev. iv 206.20 . dá leigeadh a lámha síos a bheag nó a mhór, Eochairsg. 54.5 . hi tōeb na conaire anair a bic `a little to the east', Dinds. 20. gan a bheg `not a whit', Duan. F. i 53.20 . dubhairt-sean nach raibhe a bheag `he said it was nothing', Keat. ii 5272.

With neg. verb and follg. DI anything at all, the smallest quantity: ní romill a becc din chasail (= permanente cassula tantum intacta quod ignis non tetigit), Lat. Lives 11.12 . na beiridh a bhecc da bhar nettaighibh libh asin luing, BNnÉ 54 § 55 . ní haithristear a bheag da scéalaibh `no tidings whatever are given of them', Keat. ii 2571. Cf. nochon do biuc bae dia brīg not slight was his power, ZCP viii 217 § 5.

In phr. acht b.¤ almost, nearly: fri re tri n-uairi acht b.¤ , PH 550. dia bualad co mbo marb acht b.¤ so that he was nearly dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). roscarsatur ar cuirp fri ar n-anmannaib acht b.¤ `have all but separated', MacCarthy 66.23 . acht madh beac, Fl. Earls 168.23 . b.¤ ná, b.¤ nach almost, nearly (i.e. little but that): b.¤ nachamralae i nderchóiniud ón `I have almost fallen into despair', Ml. 90c17 . b.¤ nád múchtha doíne impu were nearly stifled, TBFr. 272. beag nach brisiodh mo chroidhe / gach dán roimhe da gcumainn, Studies 1918, 618 § 11 . beg do Tuadmumain nár thrían / do bí ag M. M. held almost a third of Thomond, Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.15 . go raibhe trian bhfear nÉireann ré filidheacht beagnach, Keat. iii 1462. So also: is b.¤ mā dorinnus ariam gnīomh . . . badh doilghe liom do dhēanamh hardly , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1469. is beac ma ba oirrdearca C. `C. . . . was scarcely more illustrious', CF 411. Cf. is b.¤ cid dia fesstar a chenél `his kin will be almost unknown', RC xxiv 176.5 .

With copula and follg. prep. is b.¤ do it is little, insufficient (for): ba becc duitsiu cometecht dossom `it were little for thee (sic leg.) to be indulgent to him', Wb. 10c10 . ba b.¤ ṅdamsa mad buith cen chotlud tantum , Ml. 95d13 . Hence with neg. it is enough; an bhraid-sin nochar bheag dí `grief enough for her', Dán Dé ii 23 . ní beag dó dá chora i gcéill / an fhola féin i ló an Luain, Aithd. D. 100.33 . ní beag seal don bhaois, Dánta Gr. 102.2 . níor bheag aon aifrionn amháin do rádh ar gach n-anam a single mass would suffice, Eochairsg. 51.20 . cá b.¤ do ? is it not enough (for) ?: ca beag dóibh so do robhadh?, KMMisc. 352.3 . cár bheag dhuid aithmhéala inn ? `would not repentance satisfy thee ?' Aithd. D. 34.5 . cá beag sin dá chur i gcéill ? isn't that enough to make it clear ? Dánta Gr. 85.8 . is (ní) b.¤ la deems insufficient; thinks little of: is beic (g s.) lim in bríg sin ced molad ced tatháir domberaidsi domsa is beicc limsa a bríg `little do I care', Wb. 82d1 . as becc lem slechtain dó I think it beneath me to make obeisance to him, BNnÉ 13 § 13 . mó as beag lé burba na bhfear `small account did she (viz. Eamhain) make of', Content. xxx 35. fá beag leó . . . iad féin ┐ a sochar do bhuain don duine `they did not hesitate' (Vocab.), TSh. 3065. ní beg limm do biadh gu bráth / balad mo chráibi cáimhe, Anecd. i 34.23 . ná bad begc la hingin ríg hErenn feis lais that the daughter of the King of Ireland should deem it no small honour to sleep with him, BColm. 88.8 . doraid in saer nar' beg lais do shaegul usci do thoidecht docum in muilinn (= sufficit mihi vivere donec), RC xii 344 § 39. adubradarsan nar beg leo féin a fheabhus sin they thought that excellent (i.e. an offer of billeting), L. Chl. S. § 9.12 . is b.¤ ar thinks little of, considers insignificant; despises, dislikes: sgéal is beag ar a mbuachail, Ir. Syll. Poetry 29 § 3. is beg oram cáil na mban, Duan. F. i 85.31 . beg air imurro caingean na namad . . . uair ra dhlighsiot `he thought little of the doings of the enemies . . . for they were entitled to it', TFrag. 154.13 . is bec orumsa gach uile leiges lagtach isin cuis so acht clisteri (= abhorreo), Rosa Angl. 288.16 . gidh beg ormsa S., Ériu v 184.1 . an tí do dhéanadh math . . . dhóibh, go madh é budh lugha orra, Gadelica 38.65 . is lughaidi orum tú beth a t-[S]axanach . . . uair is don talam-sin in dias is lugha orum tainic riam, ZCP vi 87.21 . gidh ard thú ó threibh fhola, / dola i gclú leibh ní lugha you are just as intent on becoming famous, L. Cl. A. B. 215.20 .

In nn. loc.: in herinn bicc bebais `in Becc-Eriu', Fél. Apr. 23. Augustin Insi Bice, Lat. Lives 42.2 . See Hog. Onom.

In n. pr.: feil Brain Bic, Fél. May 18 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. .x. mbuair . . . mbecalma, Ériu ii 4.11 . ¤baile: go mbeg-bailtip `villages', Fl. Earls 82.20 . ¤brat ina becbrataib `in his swaddling clothes´ Blathm. 34 . ¤déntaid `small worker ' (one of categories of wives with specific activities, see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 34.32 ): masa beccdentaidh, gunudh seiseadh no nomadh gnimha a fir aiccisi ann sein, Laws ii 410.7 Comm. issed da ní beccdentaidh dissi banaicidh (sic) uaidhsiumh ina aighidsi `what makes her a small worker is to have feminine implements supplied by him', 22 Comm. ¤dolb: (in rhetoric) iba srúaim sruthborr slán lam broind begdolb crú, LL 13860. ¤ecla of little fear . pn As epithet: Conaing B., ZCP viii 337.20 . ¤enech of small honour: comairge béldub b.¤ , Tec. Corm. 33.2 . ¤ḟola, small stock, cattle: .x. mbuair mbecfolad . . . glossed: .i. cáirigh nó gabhair nó dairt, Ériu ii 4.10 . ¤grend short-beard: Tuirenn Beggreann, Cóir Anm. ii § 159 . ¤a small thing, a trifle: dorindi in ridiri bagar ┐ becni do briathraibh Sir Gyi, ZCP vi 32.26 . ¤popul little (lowly) people: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753. ¤ṡaegal short life: gan uamhan báis nō begs[h]aogail, ML² 1189. ¤ṡed little interest, heed: teirce a-cách an creideamh cóir / beigsheadh ag cách san chanóin, DDána 57.1 . ¤ṡelb: i lennmhain a mbegṡelbha bó `their few cattle', Hugh Roe 84.20 . ¤ṡluag a small company, host: is doras bāls beg-s[h]luag, ML² 1384. With vn. ¤carthain: gan bhríogh i mbeag-charthain séad `paltry love of treasures', Content. xxix 13.

(b) With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤cíallda having little sense, weak-witted: boathán builidh beig-ciallda, TSh. 1721. ¤cosach short-stalked: (of a plant) luib b.¤ , ACL i 330 § 11 . ¤cridech small-hearted, hard-hearted: aderthar gurab duine cruaidh no beccchroidhech thu, Ériu v 138 § 124. ¤dígbálach of little harm: neithi iat sein . . . begdighbalacha, Irish Texts v 2 7. ¤eclach fearless: Conaing B., LL 2491. ¤ḟoltach having little substance, `inops': sochla brīg b.¤ , ZCP v 503.1 . ¤lachtach yielding little milk: comét in buair bec-lachtaig, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.26 . ¤menmnach dispirited: dobhí se go brónach begmhenmnach, Ériu v 196.33 . ¤náirech impudent, shameless: m'iaraidh-si do bhancheile led' bogbhriathraib begnaracha, ZCP vi 26.16 . ¤nertach having little strength, weak: biaid in bhuidhe becnertach (of a plague), SG 21.4 . ¤nertmar: don chriosdáidhe óg bhíos maoth beignertmhar, Ó Héodhusa 195.13 . ¤thuicsech feeble-witted: an téigentach bocht begthuigsech sin, Ériu v 166.34 . ¤uiscech: biaidh . . . an geimhreadh . . . beag-uisceach `scarce of water', Corp. Astron. 64.7 . Note also artificial compd. ¤máo: in b.¤ máo (? leg. becmáo) .i. is b.¤ as máo oldáusa .i. is b.¤ in derscugud gl. paruo maior quam ego, Sg. 45a15 .

Note also: muiti .i. mifothai . . . .i. b.¤ caithte a foghur, Auraic. 467.

becaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. becaigid or dil.ie/5514
Last Revised: 2019

 

v (bec) lessens, diminishes, reduces: is eadh begaighes fuillem in gill sea `makes small', Laws v 378.22 Comm. begaighther saith C. de sin, LB 278b23 . do traethadh tennail na teinedh / M. do begaigh a brigh, SG 23.7 . Vn. is iomdha duine ar domhan | le budh buidhe a mbeagoghadh 'many are the people in the world who would be grateful for their diminution', Giolla Brighde 36 § 25 ​​. ó do mothaig . . . a brígh ag begughadh ó'n buille sin `perceiving . . . his vigour to be reduced', Caithr. Thoirdh. 116.28 . do thart ma n-uair ní fhaghar / acht lacht buair do bheagaghadh, Magauran 2807 .

benn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. benn or dil.ie/5654
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: b(e)inn, beinde, Binde, Beinne, Binne, benna, benna, benn, bennaib, bend, bend, bend, beinn

n a d s. and n du. b(e)inn. g s. beinde, O'Curry 1021 cited infra, Binde, Celt. Rev. x 135.7 . Beinne, Binne, Hog. Onom. n p. benna, Críth G. 450. n a p. benna, g p. benn, d p. bennaib, f., DDána Gloss. Note also a s. bend, PH 2792 , IGT Decl. ex. 643. d s. bend (: lenn), K. and H. 10. n du. b.¤ , CCath. 1337. `n. (? later f.),' Críth G. Vocab.

(a) mountain, crag, peak, point; crest, summit: o Shliab Belgadain don B. / ard in b.¤ imarbaigem `lofty is the mountain', Ériu viii 26.7 , 8 . ar binn ós Loch Feabail aird, ZCP viii 223.26 . Liath na trí mb.¤ , Acall. 936. ar bennaibh is ar barrgail on hill- and tree-tops, Anecd. ii 23.23 . beinnini ar gach mb.¤ , BS 80.4 . as súd soir go beinn Bóthair, Oss. iv 20.25 . [in] ceín bess bend ar in bith `for as long as the hills shall stand', Ériu vii 229 § 77. ó bheannaibh Béirre `from the hills of B.', Aithd. D. 11.7 . ar beinn Chliachmhuighi, IGT Introd. 23.25 . (of the edge (?) of an Alpine crevasse) tuitiss sīoss re beinn an ailt, Fl. Earls 86.z . i mbeannaibh sliabh on the mountain tops, TSh. 3491. as ris shamhlaim th'aiscin-si / is ra bend i nnimh star (?), Anecd. ii 25.11 . Fig. of a pre-eminent person: Gobán sáor . . . / b.¤ ar shaoraibh, BNnÉ 241 § 179 .

Transf. of outline of land: da b.¤ cumga do thír `two narrow horns of land', CCath. 1337.

(b) pinnacle, spire; gable; corner, etc. of building, structure, etc. ; ette nó b.¤ múir gl. pinna, Sg. 67a7 . bend a pinna muri , O'Mulc. 136. for béind aird in tempuil . . . = super pinnaculum templi, Matthew iv 5 , PH 4712. Caisel . . . / b.¤ im a téigenn teine, SG 206.9 . ar beinn inna scríne, Trip. 86.10 . ar bind mhór chluigtighe Chluana pinnacle of the round tower, Celt. Rev. x 143.16 . ar chomhairle clog na seacht mbeann, Oss. iv 42.16 . . . . na múrrtha mbeann of the battlemented walls (?), KMMisc. 50.23 . ar beind chloche, ZCP xii 273.24 . in mac . . . co farcbad for beind chroisse i ndorus chille (an abandoned child), LL 36996 = Fél. 242.7 . fer coirthe .i. in fer curthur for beinn croise gan feronn, O'D. 462 (H. 3.17, 357). Laws v 134.17 Comm. mac toc[h]air .i. do binn croisi, O'Curry 399 (H. 3.18, 222b). ingen do cuirthear do cill, i mbulg no for beinn croisse, O'D. 529 (H. 3.17, 428). fágbhais ar beinn croise . . . an mála `on one of the arms of a cross', Keat. iii 2122 . caithir chuanna ceithre mbeann (of a castle), DDána 119.16 . gur thúirrlind Léithin (an eagle) ar bind don lomán `a corner of the rampike' (p. 124), Celt. Rev. x 135.21 . beann do bhúain da thalamh `to take a piece of his land' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 1627. beinn `a high top, pinnacle ', Eg. Gl. 104. do bhennuibh bhárc `poops of ships', Rel. Celt. ii 228.9 . Hence in plant-name: beand múir (lit. projection on a wall) `houseleek?' (Index), ACL i 335.71 .

(c) wing of an army, fleet: i mbeind cli in catha `in the left wing of the battle', CCath. 5781. do bennaib cath, O'Dav. 1335. tig féin is beann don chabhlach i dtír `a wing of the fleet', Keat. iii 4828.

(d) horn of animal: inna benna duacarbat gl. corn[u]a, Ml. 87b12 . b.¤ gl. cornu, Sg. 63a6 . cornua .i. b.¤ , Thes. ii 46.31 . co mbert a inathar as fora beandaib (a bull), TBC-I¹ 880. for bennuib na mbó, Airne F. 353. dá beind for trí fichtib rend sixty-two points (?) (of stag's antlers), Imr. Brain ii 288.18 . benna na n-aigi, TBC-LL¹ 1342. tucsat didiu a mbenda ┐ a n-dedu docum na scor their (sc. elephants') tusks, ZCP xxx 136.6 (Alex.). (of a whale ?) na blaith ┐ na benna sin, Éigse vi 119 § 16. gell tar benna i.e. a pledge given in respect of impounded cattle: ata, dono, gell tar benna . . . di athgabail iar ndithim, Laws ii 128.29 Comm. ni dlig feichem acht apad cuicti . . . acht geall tar benda . . . dar benda na bó uair is fri logh enech teid(h), O'Curry 519 (H. 3.18, 261b).

b.¤ (búabaill) a (buffalo) horn; hence drinking horn, goblet: atraacht Conchobor ra beind breccṡolais buabaill a speckled and shining buffalo horn, LL 34745. crúaidi . . . / immar bít benna búabaill `hard . . . as a buffalo's horns' (of a hag's teeth), Ériu iv 102 § 45. etrocht bass fo beind buabaill, IT iii 47 § 76. ar ól mb.¤ `quaffing goblets', O'Gr. Cat. 479.13. See also s. búaball.

Of musical instruments b.¤ (búabaill): ro bidhgsat . . . lasin fuaim . . . do ben Ercuil asan mbeinn mbuabuillsidhe `which H. made on that trumpet', Stair Erc. 177. ro hir dom .x. ngrib ingne .x. mbenda (.i. .x. cuirn buabhaill) bonnadharc buabaill blaith, Ériu ii 4.3 . searbhghlaodhach a mbeann mbuabhall `ivory horns', TD 4.32 . píp trí mbeann `the three-droned pipe', Ó Bruad. iii 130.12 .

(e) prong, point (of various forked and pointed objects): gabul ina laim ┐ da beind eisti a two-pointed fork, Ériu v 72.20 . aél co mbennaib braine, LL 38335. for cetheora benna na gabla (in c[h]raind, TBC-I¹ 308 ), LU 4799. trí chét unga óir isin chainde[l]bru, secht mbenna fair forsa mbítis secht sutrulla `seven branches upon which were seven lamps', Celtica iv 32.18 . beanda . . . slegh spearpoints, ZCP xiv 230.2 . seacht cumala go leith lenta locht mara bennaib Baisgne, glossed: .uii. cumala . . . i cinaidh do beinde it armaib a ua Baiscne, O'Curry 1021 (H. 3.18, 431a-b). beann bhrasbhaoghlach thréan nách trom, Measgra D. 14.12 . b.¤ gher do beith agud, ┐ fend lesin mbeinn `have a sharp point and lance (?) it with the point', Celtica ii 46.3 . cen slegha, cen bera cen benna `points' (of a fence), Laws iv 114.9 Comm. ? carbat bo bricci for beind (benn, v.l.), IT iii 81 § 57.

(f) crest, diadem, etc. (of a helmet, head-dress, etc.): buidne bend `crested bands', Hail Brigit 20 . beann oir . . . as gach cathbarr, Anecd. ii 77 § 3. pn In epithet: Findchad Fer Bend Uma, MU² 36. donn a cuach ballghlas a beann `her coif (?)', Aithd. D. 1.34 . beann eich uaibhrigh `frontlet' ( Ir. Monthly 1929, 333.20 ), DDána 111.20 . By metonymy (?) of a horse: an bheann (perh. = bean) is fearr cluas is cos, Measgra D. 15.1.4 .

(g) Various applications: bratgal na mbrat siúil risna bennaib yards , TTr. 1420 ( LL 32231 ). uagais brigais beand siuil, ` sail-tops ', Ériu xxiv 14 § 13. Of a shield: cetheora benna óir fair, TBC-I¹ 3580. Of a garment (see Ériu xvi 201 ): a dá beind imo brágait the two corners (of the cloak) about his neck, MacCongl. 65.2 . ocht mbruit co mbennaibh (mbuindibh, v.l.), Leb. Cert.² 1314. co r-gabus bend etaig Isu `hem', PH 2792. ar beinn a bruit on the skirt of her mantle, Ériu v 76.37 .

In phr. rí b.¤ king of peaks (?), one of three classes of kings enumerated in Críth G. (see p. 104 ): ríi b.¤ . . . Is hé rí túaithe insin las mbiat .vii. ngrá(i)d Ḟéne cona foḟodlaib i céilsini, ar it hé benna flatha doruirmisem, Críth G. 448 - 450 . O'Dav. 1335.

(h) In adverbial phrases: immo rēir a b.¤ i mb.¤ `from height to height' (Thurn.), for ever (?), ZCP xi 57 § 10. co bráth b.¤ for ever (and ever): ni theit co brath buidneach beann / neach it relcib in ifernd, YBL 318a58 . o sin amach co brath mbend, Anecd. ii 40.7 . re mbrath mbend, BB 17b32 .

(i) Freq. in nn. loc., usu. in senses point, peak, hill , see Hog. Onom. B. Étair, ibid., also ZCP xv 195.

In late use heed, attention, regard: gan beinn air bith air na haitheanta do choimheud `without any care to keep the commandments', Donlevy 176.24 . ní bhí beann agad orum = thou regardest me not, Job xxx 20 . nách fuil . . . beann aco air, Párl. na mB. 625 . gan beann do chur ar raidhtibh na heagluisi coitchinne, Luc. Fid. 3993. na cuir beann, suim, spéis, seadh, ann `regard', Eg. Gl. 71.

Compds.

(a) With nouns: don bheannabrog bhuadhach bhán gabled mansion, 23 G 24 , 388 . dá cromsciath ┐ da bendchlaidiub mara occo, LU 7671 (BDD). ōs Bregmaig na mbendchros ` peaked crosses', Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 25. re fogur thet mbeandchrot, Lec. 174rb3 (for mennch. ?). sreatha . . . téad mbeannchrot, Maguires of F. 86. cloidme m[ora] benndorncair horn-hilted, TBC St. 4524 , Gloss. cuirn mc Donnchadha / dleghait buideachus / buidhe bendgealla securities of horn (?), IT iii 91 § 128. do bheannmhoighe `thy lofty plains', Gadelica 11 § 3 .

(b) With adjj.: faoidh a stoc mbennbuidhe ` yellow-tubed ', O'Gr. Cat. 474.20. táin láoghach bhenncor bhó with pointed horns, KMMisc. 174 § 33. do dhromchladh na Bóirne bennghairbhe ` rugged-topped ', AFM vi 2102.11 . laogh Droma bheinnghil Bhó `white-peaked D.B.', Aithd. D. 25.12 . rosaich co Cua cendmar cain / comét bend-glan in buair sain, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.26 .

(c) With adjj. formed from nouns: múr na sgiath mbeannbhladhach mbláith with fair-famed and gabled buttresses, DDána 119.1 . tar beilgibh bennchairrgidhe `rocky passes', AFM vi 2198.8 . brocc bendchoprach (sc. Cell Dara), RC xiii 114 § 160 (see ¤chopor supra). cloidme benndornachae 'swords with hilts of horn', BDC 106.37 .

bíthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bíthe or dil.ie/5979

 

Forms: bithe

io, iā part. of benaid. GOI § 715 , Greene, Ériu xix 113.

(a) struck: a nnarobsa bithe gl. perculsus, Ml. 45d6 . bithe gl. iecta, 123c17 . A . . . bithe ` mangled ' (`uxorious', Gloss.), Metr. Dinds. iv 112.68 .

(b) As laudatory adj. smooth, mild, modest: briathraib bithib bithblaithib, SR 5814. for lurg a búair b.¤ (: fíche), Metr. Dinds. iv 198.44 . O. setig Séim bláith bíthi, LL 16477. [fi]r bláthi bithi (beodha, v.l.) borba, Ériu viii 70.7 . gid borb is búilidh / gid beodha is b.¤ , Caithr. Thoirdh. 76.27 . Ultan bíthi, Gorm. May 24. (of women) cadla .i. . . . bithi, O'Dav. 433 ( Fél. Dec. 9 ). buidne bithi banamla, TTebe 2228 . ben b. bannda dhiadha ` demure ', AFM vi 2222.16 . bithe .i. bannda, O'Cl. a chraobh bh.¤ bhanda, DDána 80.28 . In comic n. pr. mac . . . meic bairr braisce b.¤ , MacCongl. 35.4 . at b.¤ `hood', Eachtra Uill. 1889 (`soft hat', Ériu xix 113.36 ). ? nístibred im báig mb.¤ / dáil fria cness fria cóem-chíche, Metr. Dinds. iii 190.23 .

Compar. bithe ina cach náidhi (of Brigit), Lism. L. 1226 . bíthi nā marb more exhausted than a dead man, Caithr. Thoirdh. 117.12 .

See benta.

blegon

Cite this: eDIL s.v. blegon or dil.ie/6115

 

Forms: bleogan, blegan, mlegon, bleghan, blegain, bleaghuin

n bleogan, blegan o, m. later form of mlegon q.v. bleghan, m., IGT Decl. § 17. Later also blegain. act of milking; yield of milk, milking: iar mblegan na bó = vaccam . . . mulsit, Lat. Lives 86.2 . co tucad na bu . . . dia mb.¤ , Thes. ii 334.44 . oc blegón bó triphne, LU 6248 = oc blegan, TBC-I¹ 1748. b.¤ sé fichet bó, LL 1832. dobretha-si b.¤ sine dó, TBC-LL¹ 2415. a aithli bleogain a būair `after milking her kine', ZCP viii 266 § 34. bleogan na n-earc nIuchna `milk', Ériu ii 22 § 4. mná blegoin nísbligtís `no milk-maid milked them', Metr. Dinds. iv 70.29 . ag bleoghan nó ag crúdh na seacht mbó, Keat. ii 4702. doomlacht fo tri ōl nais caich m-bleguin (of a marvellous cow), AU i 188.8 . screpall cacha bleogain mista `of each monthly milking', Laws v 344.3 . bleghna a bó, IGT Decl. ex. 731. cet bleogun na mbo `first milk', Laws iii 38.29 Comm. an mart is mó géim is greadhan / is aici bhíos an bleaghan beag, Dánfhocail 52 . bleaghuin `to milk', Eg. Gl. 734. acht gu toirsidis do bleogain a mbo i meatraib, Laws v 276.23 Comm. I. mo derb mbleoghan budhessin (term of endearment ?), ZCP iv 31.9 .

bregrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bregrad or dil.ie/6675

 

n (Brega ?): tre b.¤ (sic leg.) mbúan (buair, v.l.) with unfailing excellence (?), Metr. Dinds. ii 20.6 .

1 bronnad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bronnad or dil.ie/6976

 

vn. of 1 bronnaid. act of consuming .

(a) Of land, etc. destroying, damaging, etc.: brondad .i. caitheam, Lec. Gl. 76. bronnadh .i. milleadh no caitheamh, O'Cl. `bronnadh' is `gleith' caithemh cáidh, Metr. Gl. 24 § 13. bronnadh .i. ithidh, ut est cob . . . breth brondta ithe aidhche .i. ithid in t-arbur isinn aidche, O'Dav. 298. Cf. ma fer etháim robrondad and, Laws iv 94.22 Comm. bronnadh .i. scailedh no (leg. na) cnam amail ata in adbur Duma Selga, H 3.18, 609b16 ( O'Curry 1329. ) do brondud Brogarbáin `for the killing of B.', Metr. Dinds. iii 390.4 . diam a b.¤ aineclann cháich as a aí injuring , Críth G. 240. madh fri brondadh gu haith .i. airlim athluimpure feóir ethamain tsamraidh `if to trespass quickly', Laws iv 90.25 Comm. cen a brondad i nindeithbirius not to damage it unjustifiably (sc. a share of property), iii 404.9 Comm. tathig in mbeirg dia bronnud `to consume him', Metr. Dinds. ii 62.10 . b.¤ i[n] buair , Ériu x 84 § 73 (see Metr. Dinds. iv 340.25 ).

(b) Perh. using, eating (up): adcota brugas bronnud `abundance begets eating', RC xlv 13 § 18 = atcota briugaid brondad, Anecd. iii 11.22 . Cf. briuga .i. umad, . . . adcoda briuga bronna[d] `abundance gets injury', O'Dav. 325. do longad ┐ do brondad cacha bíd ` putting away', MacCongl. 77.5 .

1 búar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búar or dil.ie/7284
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: buar, buar

n o, n. (bó). b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 96. Us. as coll. cows, cattle, herd(s): buar .i. ba, O'Cl. ealbha, b.¤, speil, tréud, Eg. Gl. 255. doria buar buara, O'Dav. 732. la buar búirech `bellowing cattle', Celtica vi 235 ( buire, Laws iv 20.6 ). dilsi buair , ibid. deichde a b.¤ , Críth G. 132. ba sé sin b.¤ Flidais, LU 1632 (see Heldensage 317). di maigib in búair , 4677 (TBC). cia beir b.¤ o thig Temrach ?, LL 1566. crich ḟer ḟind ḟoghlas bu buair , IT iii 88 § 104. an cheall guna b.¤ bennach, BNnÉ 287.5 . ar cúl a mbó ┐ a mbuair, AFM iii 222.15 .

Of hosts of people : a Fíachaig Find búair fherda | do-rochair rí roEmna 'by Fíachu Find of a manly host did the king of great Emain fall', Three Historical Poems 154 q. 128c-d . buar namat, RC xvii 137.17 'a host', Contribb. 285. b.¤ súad .i. airchetla beca ara tabraiter bae do suid, RC xxvi 22 § 66.

Less freq. in pl.: ro ir dam . . . .x. mbuair (mbuar, v.l.) .i. cáirigh nó gabhair nó dairt, Ériu ii 4.10 . .ui. buar `six cows', Laws iii 60.4 Comm. imad buar , YBL 174a8 . bō-ghéimnech na mbuar, ML² 1172.

Compds. búar-brat cattle-spoils , Metr. Dinds. iii 82.72 . ¤cholt, see 1 colt. fa bhúarghraighibh, Hy Maine 141.5 . um bhuairsbré, DDána 118.29 .

clechtaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clechtaid or dil.ie/9407
Last Revised: 2019

 

v (1 clecht) is or becomes accustomed to; accustoms oneself to; of people, is accustomed to, frequents, consorts with; of a calling, practises, plies.

(a) With personal noun or pronoun: conidh misgaisiu lasna tuathaibh na tigerna clechtait forru innat na tigernada aili whom they are accustomed to have over them, CCath. 5107 (ticcernuidhe, v.l.). is misi . . . ra chleachtsad ant oireacht-sa orra, TTebe 839 . tig i láimh an tí chleachtas / an seabhac 'gá mbí aithne to whom he is accustomed(?), Measgra D. 25.21 . an t-aos cumtha nár chleacht sinn whom I have not frequented, KMMisc. 242 § 6 . seachain sgéulta fábhuill . . . ┐ cleachd thú féin do chum díaghachda, 1 Timothy iv 7 .

(b) With noun or noun-phrase: amal clechtait a n-urcharu (gl. ut soleant iacula) as they are accustomed (to hurl), Gild. Lor. 81 . is esside toisech ro clecht cruit ┐ organ who first used, Rawl. 69b25 ( BB 11a11 ). Cf. b23 . F. . . . roda clecht claideb, LU 5566 (TBC, rhet.) nír chlecht góe, LL 3245 . na cleacht cumann re duine cainntech `do not keep company with a chatterer', Ériu v 134.69 . na cleacht do lebend do Lurc / . . . / na leic cnoc Cairmaic do Curc `let not thy platform become accustomed to Lorc', Cog. 124.14 . do coimhēt slāinte dom' ḟlaith / clechtad farrad (.i. linn) maith is fin, ZCP v 489 § 14 (B. na f.). slán úaim don ceird clechtaim féin which I practice, Eg. 88, 19b2 (cited Meyer Contribb.). a coimleaba do-clechtsum we were wont to share his couch, Prolegomena 45 § 19 . do chleachtais fleadh is fiadhach, DDána 68.20 . an cádhus do chleacht idir `to which she was ever used', Studies 1923, 421 § 3 . cá talamh do chleacht, Oss. vi 168.z . na garma chleachtar anois, mar atá barún, bhíocont, iarla . . . that are used, Keat. iii 123 . amhuil damh nar chleachd an chuing (was unaccustomed to), Jeremiah xxxi 18 . treise ag cath eachtrann oruibh / a Leath Cuinn, nir chleachtobhair, Aithd. D. 39.5 . altrannas i gcéin cleachtfad I shall practise, DDána 66.10 . cairdi do dhola ar a ndíol / . . . nír chleacht cliar were not accustomed to having their reward postponed, O'Hara 2681 . Cf. int shoillsi edrocht . . . indi nar cleachtadar daib the thing to which they had not accustomed themselves(?), YBL 151b43 .

(c) With vn., quasi-Vn. or vn. phrase: cléchtait méirlig . . . atréb and, Trip.² 1846 . no chlechtatis na genti saerad a mogad isin sechtmad bliadain, Lat. Lives 59.13 (solebant). conclechtaimse (? leg. co clechtaimse) cairmteoracht . . . nad clechta err óencharpait do imluad ar m'ési, LU 8505 (rhet.). mar ar clecht bronnad i[n] buair , Ériu x 84 § 73 . im cech mi-gním . . . ro-clechtsat, PH 4160 . clechtait doine a thadall ┐ a póccad, Petrie, Round Towers 435 ( LB 158a18 ). ca crich as ar cemnigis ┐ ca cele ca clechtaidh (?leg. -ais) do comluigi, RC i 48.30 . trenachaur no chlechtad claide, LL 20658 (hypermetric, ?leg. tren caur). nu gu clecht sí a sírsborad until it has grown accustomed to constant spurring, Ériu iv 214 § 12 . fuarattar an míol mór isin ionadh ina cclectadh beith, BNnÉ 70 § 118 . Inis Chuinn do chleacht leónadh `that hath been practised in suffering', Studies 1921, 75 § 16 .

(d) Folld. by prep. With AR (FOR): a chu chleachtas ar cnamaibh who is wont to be . . . , IT iii 85 § 84 ( BB 291b19 ). ? a mmag forclechtat int ṡlúaig, Imr. Brain § 5 (conclechtot, v.l. see RIA Dict. F col. 322.32) = for-clechat, ZCP xviii 411 § 5 . 'san chnoc-sa rochleachtastair, Metr. Dinds. iii 54.20 . an fhoighide . . . / gloineide an chlí i gcleachdainn-se, DDána 55.3 . cuiced Lagen . . . / i[n]ar chlecht cach dagfer dían in which used to dwell, LL 4177 . cleachtmaoid a ccuasaibh carrach `we frequent', Atlantis iv 136.32 .

With OC: is ingen Chathaīr ro chlecht / . . . coa timthirecht used to be ministering to them, Fing. R. 665 . ag síol Cheallaigh 'gar chleacht mé with whom I was wont to be, DDána 77.21 . ar Mhuiris gCliach 'gar chleachtas, 67.32 .

In impers. construction: mar sin nár clechtadh d'U Cháimh / cliar ó thosaig d' a tatháir Ó C. was not accustomed to being censured, Ériu iv 216 § 13 . do cleachtadh dháibh fíon d'ibhe / do láimh ríogh `they were wont', Studies 1924, 241 § 2 . iar gcaill an tearmainn ┐ an tsochair do cleachtaoi leó d'fhaghbháil ó Ghaedhealaibh, Keat. i 84.y . an ré do chleachtadh i dtalamh Éireamhóin that used to be the practice (?), Hackett xxxiv 4 (`as a custom'), Gloss.).

clithar, clethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clithar, clethar or dil.ie/9513
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cluthar, clothar, cluthair

o, ā (clith). Later also cluthar, clothar, cluthair.

adj I sheltering, protective : ro scucsat iarsin i nglend ┐ i fidbaid clicair, BB 496a39 . cuan cluthar, comdaingen, ZCP vi 294.23 . fidh cluthur caointortach, Grail 3695 . lucht na mbrat gclúmhach gcluthar, Hackett lvi 49 . suadhach shámhghlan shármhaith shearccluthair (epithet of a woman), xii 11 . an treabh chumhthach . . . / cluthair a grádh liom go luan `will by me be warmly loved', Ó Bruad. ii 130 xviii . ? roir dom . . . .x. mbruit cuinsce c.¤ , Ériu ii 4.17 (cheville?). Adv. protectively, closely(?): bīaid relec d'arc[h]anglib / im c[h]lūain co clothur (clothaib, MS.), BColm. 30.22 (: atlochur). dfhagháil cumainn go cluthar ó dhaoinibh, Hackett xxxix 188 . clothar .i. toghaidhe no toghtha, O'Cl.

II As subst. o, m.

(a) shelter, covert, fastness : mor fer ro boí com iarraid / eter chlitar is diamair, LU 3938 ( SCC 44 ) (`both roof and hidden place', SC2 n.). gáir na Gairbe, c.¤ fid, SG 366.3 ( LL 297b50 ). gēsid ōs caille c.¤ above the fastness of the wood, IT iii 67 § 2 . i clithor .i. i mbuaile, O'Curry 1464 ( H 3.18, 651 ). c.¤ mbaiscaill .i. buaili, Auraic. 5551 . c.¤ boiscell kenning for quert apple-tree in Bríatharogam , Auraic. 5552 (cf. clithc[h]ar boscill .i. eilit nó geilt, Anecd. iii 43.16 ). fidbuid . . . / re haltrom én [n-]ilgothach / ria c.¤ dia cleith `hiding it with its shelter', Ériu i 39 § 3 . ō c[h]luthraib crīc[h] ┐ ō f[h]osgaduib iath, ML² 666 . do-rataid a long ar feisted a cluthur an cuain, Grail 3298 . as cluchar a coillte, BCC 282.17 .

In n. loc. ro láiset a nernail búair ┐ braite seoco fodess i C.¤ Bó Ulad, TBC-I¹ 1774 . hi C.¤ Fidbaidi hi Commur Cetharsliged, LU 8510 ( FB 36 ). pl. Clothrén i maigh Chliach atá. is úadh Cluithri Chlíach, Cóir Anm. 195 . in tan bátar hi Cluichrib, LU 5403 (TBC) = cluithrib, TBC-I¹ 926 .

(b) Fig.

(i) protection, shelter : is ruca don righ olc do dhenumh . . . is ina chlit[h]ur imteit cach, O'Curry 478 (H. 3.18, 249). fer gonur fia sochuide, cia tuilledh for slogh fiadh ndéntur, no as a clithor a ndéntur, O'D. 545 ( H 3.17, 435 ).

(ii) Of a prince, protector, refuge: clet[h]ar sēt .i. rī[g]-sēt, ar is ainm do rīg isin Dūil Feda Māir c.¤ , Corm. Y 209 . is e in t-ard-ḟlaith hUa Ainmirech c.¤ dana craeb coibneasa ro raidsiumar romaind, MR 98.x . ata triath os cionn Ruarcach / . . . / isse cleathar is cuibhdhe, H 3.18, 766.22 . ? c.¤ .i. urachill, ut Udhacht Morainn: ar clitharsidhe (? sīdhe) sgeó thuatha, Ériu xiii 67 § 69 ; cf. ZCP xi 97 § 60 .

In phr. c.¤ sét appar. the `sét' of highest value, a milch-cow, an in-calf cow or a ploughing ox. `sheltering sét' or `insurance sét' Plummer MS. notes (comparing gell tóirithnech). clithar sēt. Alii dicunt do mbad ainm do boin inlāig .i. arindī doceil a llōeg n-inde [quod non est uerum, sed uerius] Clet[h]ar sēt .i. rī[g]-sēt, Corm. Y 209 . clithear set, slaindte forgu na nuile .i. cleithe ar set .i. loilgech, Laws iv 28.4 , and 16 Comm. c.¤ sed .i. laulgach no daum timchella aratar no buo inlaoge, O'Curry 852 ( H 3.18, 386b ). Also sét clithair (attrib. g s.): ro saig set clithair enech bo-airech coruicce cumal n-uinge no boin nu-da-craid, Laws v 392.1 . set clithair gill ainech boairech inna muin, 390.z . .i. clethe or na sed, gellas tinchaib (= do inchaib) in boairech mailli ris imuig .i. in lulgach, 392.14 Comm.

Compds. With noun. a cliotharchuan D. sheltered harbour, Hugh Roe² 6.11 . do clithardiamaire (sic leg.) an inuid, Acall. 2332 v.l. (do dhiamhair, text).

With adj. cuan cobhsaidh. cluthardaingen, ZCP vi 28.y . in cheirt combrec clithar-diabultae (sic leg.) bui uime, Anecd. iv xiv 27 (`? folded as a covering', Plummer MS. notes). tresna coilltib clithirdiamraib `with their secret shelters', TTebe 312 . tug corn . . . a clithardíamuir a édaig `hidden shelter', Fianaig. 58.17 . rotheichset fo clithárdiamraibh in tíri, CCath. 1249 . fo chailltib clithardlúithe `close-sheltering', Fianaig. 52.11 . mo chroinn . . . cliothardhlúithe, Buile Ṡ. 82.x . imdatuigethar celt clithargarb finna, LU 7732 (BDD). cuan cluthar-mīn Celga, ML² 721 . a da sgiath corcra clithir mora, ZCP x 306.23 .

1 cúan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cúan or dil.ie/13334
Last Revised: 2019

 

n ā, f., later o, m. (cú). c.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 39 . c.¤ (na con) m., § 96 .

(a) litter (of pups or other young animals): cuilén di [a] cuain `litter', Corm. Bodl. 18 Mug Eme, Corm. Y 883 . cuilēn den chūain (chuáni, LU) cētna, TBC-I¹ 537 . in cú-sa do choimhéad . . . ┐ go bfuil c.¤ maith inti, Feis Tighe Chonáin 754 . atáid cúain (cuan, v.l.) an chon otraigh / ag dol a n-úaill n-imarcaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1724 . do na brocaibh / . . . 's a gcuain (: suain) aca, Measgra D. 43.16 .

(b) pack (of dogs, wolves, etc.): ilar cuan ṅgér, ciasta, cerb, SR 891 . glasreng (.i. torc) me . . . eter cuanaib, LU 1287 . ní bía a choland fo chúana he shall not be attacked by packs of wolves (?), LL 39189 ( RC xiii 114 § 157 `under packs of hounds'). la demna ┐ cuana ┐ drochdaine, Fél. Notes 152.33 . cluinit quana a nditrubaib, Ériu vii 198.1 = cúana `wolf-packs', 4.12 . niba tech cuan na cethra `shall not be a house for hounds or beasts' (Notes), Ériu xiii 40.11 . comdal cuan `meet of hounds', Auraic. 1177 . More generally: dá chompán gacha cuaine 'two companions of every species', Giolla Brighde 248 § 3 (of Noah's ark).

(c) family; band, company , etc.: cúana .i. buidhne, O'Cl. nachat loisc (leg. sloic, Ed.) . . . cuain (a s.) truaigh `miserable pack' (of the Jews), Blathm. 274 . Partholon cona chuain chétaig with his band amounting to hundreds, LL 581 (Leb. Gab.). cūan nō caibden dia horgoin `Kriegerschar', Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v (1919) 93 § 31 . can cuan, no cenel, no ciniud `of what breed', ML 154.9 (TMoméra). dream do chuan róghlan an ríogh, Atlantis iv 140.6 . c.¤ breflech `brood' (of demons), Metr. Dinds. iv 84.z . cuan Innse `soldiers', O'Hara 3893 . cuain (cuan, v.l.) gach cille `all churches' clerks', Ó Bruad. ii 180.18 . is antt choiscther in cūan clam 'the leper-band' Ériu xix 77 § 1 .

Compds. ceitherna cūainbérla with wolfish tongues (?), ZCP viii 209.1 . cú do-chóidh ós chuainfhearchonaibh (sc. Raghnall), DDána 89.15 . fria sluaghadha fri cuanghala fria chaipdeana, Ériu xvi 180 § 9 ; 'valorous bands' The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 131 § 9 . comét . . . in buair . . . ar chonaib, ar chuan-meirle `from . . . thievish wolves', Metr. Dinds. iv 338.z .

See cúainmér, cúallacht.

deiche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deiche or dil.ie/15119

 

Forms: deithe

n (dá?) twins of cattle: nach mil conbeir d.¤ , Laws i 144. 23 . deiche .i. diablad buair no emain, 146.14 (Comm. = diabalbar no emain, O'Curry 794 (H 3.18, 369b)). d.¤ .i. déde, H 3.18, 69a . deithe, 634c .

1 emon

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 emon or dil.ie/20034

 

Forms: emuin, emo, emun, emain, emun, emo, emuin, emnu, eamhna, Emhna, emo, emain

n o, m., emuin ī, f. (?) (See Ériu v 160 ) n s. emo, Corm. Y 503 . emun, BB 368a35 . emain, Anecd. v 18.1 . a s. emun, LL 126a16 . d s. emo, Metr. Dinds. iv 310.9 . n p. emuin, ZCP ii 134 y . a p. emnu, Rawl. 155b37 . In Cóir Anm. 104 the second element of (trí) Finn-eamhna is apparently taken as n p. of this word, but: mac na trí Find nEmna, Rawl. 21a35 . mac na tri Find Emna [where Emna: derba] LL 125 b7 . lasna tri Finnaib Emna, Rawl. 137 b41 . Dá Thí Themhra ┐ Bé Bhionn | cré na ttrí bhFionn Emhna ann, 23 L 17, 8b indicate that the reading should be Finn Emhna of Emain.

(a) a pair (or triplet) born at one birth: emon ab ema [αἷμα]uno. emon didiu unius sanguinis...vel emon ema graece iuga manum, ar is dis doib i cuingg, Corm. Y 574 . emon iarom é-áen .i. ni oen acht is da lelab geiniter and 503 . gid dias no triur berar i n-aenfecht is eamain adberar friu, BB 254b40 . emun dno Conall...┐ Maer BB 368a35 = emo, Dinds. 32 . combert emun .i. mac ┐ ingen, LL 126a16 . BB 134a26b . conidh on Macha sin ┐ don eamon rosfuc ata Magh Macha ┐ Eamain Macha, Metr. Dinds. iv 310.9 ; 128.79 . (nach mil con-beir deiche) .i. diablad buair no emain `double offspring of kine, or twins Laws i 146.14 (possibly n p. here).

(b) a twin, one of two or three born together: ingen d'Oengus in Máer mall, | ba hemain cáem fri Conall she was Conall's twin Metr. Dinds. iii 136.26 . hit emuin in da mac-sa ┐ it hemuin in di ingin, ZCP ii 134 y . beired Fainche emnu .i. tri fer-meic , Rawl. 155b37 . co tug F. a leath-eaman do mnai Gabrain one of her twins BB 134a27b = Miscell. Celt. Soc. 58 . inemnitb (= i n-emnib ?), gl. in geminis Enchir. Aug. xx , ZCP vii 481.37 .

(c) in general a pair (of persons or things connected with each other): emon dono non unus sed duo .i. ni hoen-ni acht da ní, Corm. Y 503 . eamhain .i. dá ní, O'Cl. eamain cach raed cengailti, Dinds. 140 . Anecd. v 18.1 .

ernail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ernail or dil.ie/20307

 

Forms: erndaili

earlier erndaili, f. (vn. of ar-condla)

(a) a part, share: earnail .i. ...cuid no roinn, O'Cl. earnail .i. rann, Lec. Gl. 409 . a n-ernail buair ┐ braite their share of cattle and booty TBC-LL¹ 2432 (= TBC-I¹ 1773 ). ocht fichid ban, ba si a n-ernail din brait, TBC-I¹ 3072 = básed a n-ernail, TBC-LL¹ 4945 . ní rothomail C. nách hernail mbic dia n-irthorad Fél.² lxi 39 . Cf. for h'ernail dochum maithiusa thy participation in goodness = thy inclination towards goodness (?) PH 8215 .

(b) division, branch, class, category; kind, species: earnail .i. gné, O'Cl. da ernail .i. da fir-dedail, Auraic. 448 . cisi erndail di ernailib na canoine forta na psalma? to which division of the Canon do the Psalms belong? Hib. Min. 3. 61 . ataat deora erndaili forsin canoin, 3.63 (= tres ordines, see note, p. 88 ). Cf. oc cetul a shalm...for aillib ┐ annalaib ┐ ernalib, MacCongl. 13.11 . atat dí ernail for in almsain, PH 5968 . atat di ernail forsin beithi-luis-nin, .i. feadha ┐ taebomnai, Auraic. 392 (da erndail v.l. 2781 ). 312 . sé hernaili déc na filidechta...saigid ┐ ascnam ┐ huaim do rind, etc., divisions, elements ZCP vi 262.23 = IT iii 29 . is í in almsain in tres ernail na fírinde = eleemosyna tertia species iustitiae est PH 5967 . immud anbthine na peni iar n-ernailib ecsamlaib, FA 1 (LB). ro fhoghlaimset draidheacht ┐ ilcerda...gombtar fesach ina n-erndailib `in the branches thereof' Leb. Gab.(i) i 142.20 . crand dognid torad ┐ no thechtadh gach sil doreir a earnaili, BB 15b8 = Lec. 528a [gan sil BB]. ni aca ernail dhatha ná rabi and, etir glas ┐ gorm ┐ derg, etc. TTr.² 879 . cia hernail aisti triasa ndernad in Feilire? Ni ansa. rindaird, Fél. Pref. 14. 1 . frisin ernail airigthi don aisti seo dianad ainm reidrindard, 14.7 . ni con gabmait-ne nach n-ernail indmas any sort of wealth PH 2029 . cen nach n-ernail aithrige do denam, 6437 . badar tri hernaili do ix n-earnailibh na draidechta leis `three of the nine kinds of augury' CCath. 932 . mór do ernailibh bais many kinds of death 2081 . in ernail tanaise for Páis in Choimded sund secundum Mathaeum here follows a second version PH p. 124 . Hence item, specification, of individuals, things, etc., which have just been or are about to be specified: cethri hernaile beiris in athgabail for tullata four things (circumstances; conditions) cause a distress to be immediate Laws i 212x Comm. mas i naimsir lobtha tancutur na hernuile sin riu these occurrences (just specified) ii 8.3 Comm. coig ernaili as a mberar in breth .i. a roscad, a fasach, etc., `five sources from which judgment is drawn' v 8.22 Comm. cuic earnaile ata lan-eneclann: lan-aer ┐ glam diccind, etc., five classes (of offence) 234.11 Comm. ; 512.18 Comm. (arnaile); 452.5 Comm. (airnaile). iv 216.20 Comm. nách ernail péne dibsin, PH 2554 . do muccaib ┐ d'aigib alta ┐ d'ernail cacha fíada olchena (category of every game = every class of game) LU 127a 37 . nár baithestar hernail cecha forcetail immad na peccad `no kind of teaching lessened the abundance' PH 8250 . nemopthach fri hernail cech uilc, 8182 . i n-ernail cech uilc 8092 . 8135 . ar ernail gach uabhair every kind of pride ZCP x 347.35 . tárraidh...iomatt óir ┐ ionnmhais ┐ gach ernaile ele baoi lasna hE., AFM v 1742.4 .

etrud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. etrud or dil.ie/20928

 

Forms: etorrotha, etrotha, eadraidh, eadartha, eadartha, eadarthacha, edrath

n u, o, m. g s. etorrotha [leg. etrotha?] ZCP viii 309 z . eadraidh, eadartha, IGT, Decl. § 49 . pl. eadartha, eadarthacha ib.

I Milking-pail (?): edrath (gl. mulc[t]ra) Ir. Gl. 166 .

II Milking-place (?); milking: oc imain a bó do edrud, RC xvi 36.25 . oc timmargain a cethra do etrud LL 167b20 . issé sin dobeired na hellte d'edruth amal doberid cach nech a ba disli, Acall. 6582 . cuid daimh d'eadradh the ox's part in milking (i.e. the part of one unconcerned) Content. xiv 22 . oc indis etorrotha at a milking station ZCP viii 309 z . Cf. siad uile na n-eadarthachaibh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1286 . etrad fota do biuc buair a long milking Ériu vii 6.33 .

III Milking-time: etrud .i. etar-suth .i. etar madin ┐ fescur...nó edrud .i. rith etir media die , O'Mulc. 470 . etsruth .i. eter-ṡod .i. soud methonach ind laí Corm. Y 554 . an rosaig bo co etrud for ingilt as far as a cow reaches in grazing until milking-time Laws iv 164.8 . tastait...fon cuma sin co hetrad ┐ co n-ēracht cāch [from tierce] `until midday when all arose' BColm. 46.6 . o etarthrath co hetrud, MacCongl. 107.23 .

fo-ceird

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ceird or dil.ie/22405
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: focertiti, fotcicher, nimchicher, -cuirethar, -la, focress, focreasa, fosci[u]rtsa, focheirt, fodosceirdi, foscerdi, foceirt, faceird, focheird, foceird, focertam, fuchertat, focherdat, focerdat, foscerdded, focherded, fochertitís, focerdaitis, fuscerdam, foncerddam, foceirr, foceirr, facherred, focher[r]ad, fochichur, —foíchur, -cichiur, focicherr, fotcicher, chiuchra, —foicher, focichret, foscichret, fasciugrat, fochichred, —foichred, fochart, focairt, fochartatár, fachartar, focertar, fochertar, fomcertor, focerddar, fucertar, focerdatar, fócerddetar, focherte, focertha, focicherthar, focichertar, —foic[h]ert[h]ar, fochichritar, focres, focress, fochress, focreas, focressa, rochres, rochress, do creasadh, bhacresa, facheirdset, —ar, focherdsat, fochertsat, —cuirethar, —cuiretar, cuirthe, cuire, cure, cuirid, —coirther, —corathar, —corad, —corastar, —corthe, —coirthi, —lá, láim, —raltais, —ral, —rol, —rolur, —ralór, laa, laa, —rala, láis, —rabhais, lam, —roláid, rrálat, rolat, lád, —roltis, róiltis, roláosa, rolaus, rodalláus, rollais, laa, ralasom, láeside, —ralae, corralai, láoi, rālastar, lasid, —ralsid, laset, —rolsat, —ralsat, —ralsatar, lafithir, cuirfithir, coraltar, —ralatar, coralta, rolaad, rollaad, rolathe, roláithea, —lathe, —latha, rolaitea, rosaralta, ralta, F., dofuarat

prototonic forms of this verb are found only in the fut. ( ni focertiti , CCath. 2830 is late, and phonetically irregular. Cf. fotcicher ... nimchicher, cited below, II (a)), in other tenses they are supplied by -cuirethar and -la; the —ro— forms are regularly from -lá both in pres. and past tenses. Cf. focress (.i. rolaad), Hy v 48 ; 72 ; 79 . focreasa .i. rocurid, Lec. Gl. 87 .

Forms: A ind. pres. 1 s. fosci[u]rtsa, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 196 (< H 3.18, 75b ). 2 s. rel. focheirt (gl. seminas) Wb. 13c21 . fodosceirdi; foscerdi, LB 219a19 ; 26 . 3 s. foceirt, Wb. 32c11 . Trip.² 904 . faceird, Ml. 94c8 . focheird, LU 8848 . foceird, O'Mulc. 527 . 1 pl. focertam, Wb. 15b4 . 3 pl. (rel.) fuchertat, Ml. 93a25 . focherdat, LU 8848 . focerdat, O'Mulc. 527 . imperf. 3 s. foscerdded, Rawl. 113a1 . focherded LU 5005 . 3 pl. (rel.) fochertitís, LU 7031 ( BDD 67 ; focerdaitis Y). imperat. 1 pl. fuscerdam, Wb. 34a2 ( Ériu xi 136 ). foncerddam, LL 283a19 . subj. pres. 2 s. foceirr Wb. 13c24 . 3 s. foceirr, Laws v 320x . past 3 s. facherred Ml. 124b3 . focher[r]ad, Corm. Y 323 . fut. 1 s. fochichur LU 5761 (= —iur, TBC-I¹ 1290 ). —foíchur, LL 251b20 ( TBFr. § 24 ). -cichiur, BDC 112.138 . 3 s. focicherr, Ml. 87d6 . fotcicher, LL 147a22 . fo chiuchra , LU 4583 . —foicher, TBC-I¹ 706 (= —focher, LU 5184 ). 3 pl. focichret, RC xxvi 38 § 201 . LU 4462 . foscichret, LL 289b7 - 8 . Cf. fasciugrat, LL 119b26 (rhet.). sec. fut. 3 s. fochichred, LU 5291 . —foichred, 6822 ( BDD 38 ). pret. 1 s. fochart, LU 10987 . 3 s. focairt, TBC-I¹ 3656 . LU 3279 . Ériu ii 33.14 , 15 . 3 pl. fochartatár, LU 1735 ( RC ix 480 : Cf. fachartar, Ml. 64a10 ). Pass. pres. s. focertar, Thes. ii 249.10 . fochertar, LU 5018 (= focherddar, TBC-I¹ 529 . fomcertor, ZCP xv 301§4 . focerddar, Sg. 71a19 . fucertar Wb. 34a2 . pl. focerdatar, Ml. 96c11 . fócerddetar, TBC-LL¹ 6145 . imperf. s. focherte, LL 106b34 . subj. past s. focertha, BDD 85 D (focerta UY). fut. s. focicherthar, LU 7129 ( BDD 81 ). focichertar, IT ii 178.137 . —foic[h]ert[h]ar, ZCP xii 235.16 . pl. fochichritar, SR 8324 . pret. s. focres, Ann. Inisf. 2b8 . focress, Hy v 48 ; 72 ; 79 . LU 4618 . fochress, 7060 ( BDD 72 ; focreas Y). pl. focressa, LU 6924 ( BDD 54 ). The pret. pass. rochres, LL 77b19 ( TBC-LL¹ 2586 ), rochress, LU 6439 . do creasadh, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 73.25 . bhacresa, H 3.17 ; Eg. ( TBC-LL¹ p. 367 ) is by Windisch referred to this verb.

Analogical forms: pret. 3 pl. facheirdset, —ar, TBC-LL¹ 3630 . 3712 . focherdsat, TBC-LL¹ p. 895 n. 11 . fochertsat, Hugh Roe 166.12 (f. 44b) .

B From —cuirethar: ind. pres. 3 pl. —cuiretar, BCr. 32b11 . imperat. 2 s. cuirthe, Ml. 56c5 . cuire, BCr. 32c11 . LU 10821 . IGT, Decl. ex. 460 . cure, LU 4784 . LL 279b17 . 2 pl. cuirid, Wb. 27b11 . subj. pres. 2 s. —coirther, Wb. 10a21 . 3 s. —corathar, Ml. 68b9 . ZCP xi 84.32 (= coradar, LL 294a1 ). past 3 s. —corad, LU 4724 . Metr. Dinds. iv 132.17 . pret. 3 s. —corastar, Ml. 39a3 . LU 4919 . LL 117b34 . TBFr. § 20 . Pass. past subj. s. —corthe, LU 4762 (—coirthe, Eg., —coirthi Y).

C From —lá: ind. pres. 1 s. níro láim , LU 4774 . (?) imperf. pl. 3 —raltais, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 31 . subj. pres. 1 s. —ral Wb. 7a4 . —rol, LL 251a39 . —rolur, LU 5225 . —ralór, 6875 . 3 s. ro laa , 4740 . mani laa , 4766 . —rala, Wb. 11b21 . Cf. coro láis , LU 1378 (a later -s- formation, like 2 sg. —rabhais ?). 1 pl. coro lam , LU 3781 . 2 pl. —roláid, LU 6874 . 3 pl. co rrálat , LU 6725 ( BDD 21 ; co rolat Y). past subj. 3 s. coro lád , LU 4616 . 3 pl. —roltis, TBC-I¹ 808 = róiltis, LU 5283 . ind. perf. 1 s. roláosa, 4791 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr., ii 499 , takes this as pres.). rolaus, LL 147a41 . rodalláus, 249b40 . 2 sg. rollais, 251b14 . 3 s. ro laa , Sg. 75a4 . ralasom, Tur. 80 . ro láeside , LU 2928 . —ralae, Ml. 90c17 . corralai, LL 260b14 . ro láoi , IGT, Introd. § 4 . rālastar (: at-āgastar `feared') ACC 56 Comm. 2 pl. ro lasid , Wb. 15d1 . —ralsid, 15a1 . 3 pl. ro laset , Thes. ii 343.43 . roláiset, LU 7032 . —rolsat, Ml. 16d2 . —ralsat, Rawl. 164a48 . —ralsatar, Metr. Dinds. iv 144 . Pass.: fut. lafithir, BDD 81 Eg ( RC xxii 179 n. 13 ; cf. cuirfithir ib. n. 14 ). pres. subj. s. coraltar, LL 269a16 . pl. —ralatar, Laws iv 206.14 . past s. coralta, ScM. § 5 (corolatha; co ro lathea v.l.). perf. ind. s. rolaad, Wb. 13d9 . Sg. 153b6 . rollaad, Ml. 29c1 (second a over line). 44d2 . YBL 212b39 . cor laud, LB 60b31 . pl. rolathe, Rawl. 73b31 . roláithea, Fél. Prol. 41 (—láithe, —lathe, —latha v.l.). rolaitea, Fél.² clvii 7 . Cf. rosaralta (= frisa ralta ?), Ériu viii 156.22 . Vn. 1 cor, q.v.

I

(a) sets, puts, places (with FOR, I N-, IMM, etc.): focertar ... it bois is laid on thy palm Thes. ii 249.10 . fuchertat a laim íarna cúl who put their hand behind their back Ml. 93a25 . focairt dī lāim ima bráigit embraces him ZCP viii 311.14 . foceirtt lamae fair lays hands upon him Mon. Tall. § 66 . ní for fírduine rolaset a ṅgona `inflicted their wounds' (ref. to: in fer fordacorsatar | goíta, Hy v 66 ), Thes. ii 343y . benaid ... a cethri cinnu díb ┐ focheird for ceth[e]ora benna na gabla, LU 4799 . focherd in láech ... lossa ┐ lubi íci ... i cnedaib ... Con C. applies 6341 . focherdat i ndabaig; ... in dabach aile in ro lád, 5201 . is aire sein rolathe na da mac for Tibir, Rawl. 73b31 . fodosceirdi ... it beolu na mírenda `these morsels thou must put in thy mouth' MacCongl. 97z . focheird cach fer a brat immáraile, LU 7542 ( BDD 107 ). focheird fáthi n-imbi, LU 5748 . foruapratar ... in cathraig co ro lasat faithe fiangaiscid impe, Anecd. ii 54 § 16 . dolluid nél solas imme co corustar a beolu for talmain , LB 146a19 . alterutro .i. ní alteroutro ... issechtar rolaa a dilledchi ní immedón `'tis outside he has put (exposuit) its declinability, not in the middle [i.e. not `altero utro'] Sg. 75a4 . ni du choscrad in tempuil storidi ralasom `that He has put it' Tur. 80 (or does this belong to II? Cf. III). Iar mac N. ro láoi íarmbérla san nGaoidhilg, IGT, Introd. § 4 . ro láiset láma do, ┐ ron ergabsat, PH 3101 . Cf. frim gruad corcra ma chora | dom ruacht bochta fombera, Auraic. 5342 (`auch wenn ich Purpur auf meine Wange bringe' Thurn., ZCP xvii 292 ). F.¤ FOR AIRD displays, exhibits: na clesrada ... focheird Fer d. bar aird, TBC-LL¹ 3748 (= tuc St). 3757 (= cuiris a n-airde St). Cf. rolaiset na lama co lanard risna lannaib raised their hands aloft with the blades (?) Ériu viii 44.35 . plants, sows: mad grainne cruithnechte foceirr, Wb. 13c24 . conasrolaside (conid roláas v.l.; leg. condarolaside) isna hinadaib in robo dóig leis a nn-ás, Ériu iv 150 § 29 . ro-hairedh in mag ┐ rolaad sil cruithnechta ann, YBL 212b39 (= Ériu v 114 ). Of pitching (a tent), throwing up (a pile, mound), erecting, etc.: focress a phupall ... for Ailill, LU 4618 (= do A., TBC-LL¹ 390 ). focherdat a puiple icond áth sin, LU 5524 . do creasadh a phuball for an aird-rí, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 73.25 . card ... fochertitis in tan ba n-orgain. carnd roláiset ... in tan sin they used to make a cairn ... (etc.) BDD 67 ( LU 7031 ). focherte a ḟert ┐ a lecht ┐ a lie, LL 106b34 ( Ériu iv 26 ). rolad a fert ┐ a llia la C., Ériu v 213.122 . tairsiu ... coraltar mo ḟertsa latt, LL 269a16 ( ZCP iii 3 ; coro altar, coro claidter v.l.). focres a fert ann, Ann. Inisf. 2b8 . ro ladh a lia ┐ a lecht ... ar Muig Rein, Fen. 140.1 . tri liic ... Conall C. roda lā `placed them' Ériu viii 156.29 . cuma damh ... cibe focher trillsi treph raises wicker dwellings CS 610 = RC xvii 168 (Tig.), Bruchst. i § 90 (see trilis). For: rolād trā a gāir guba ┐ a ḟert ┐ a lia, Ériu i 120 § 13 , cf. (h).

(b) throws, casts, often of missiles: sís fucertar cech ingor suas fuscerdam ni, Wb. 34a2 . corralsat sis anchoram, Thes. ii 328.41 ( Hy v Comm. ) = co ro laiset sís a n-ingir, IT i 39 (< LB 82 marg. inf.). amal focerdatar saichtea for naimtea, Ml. 96c11 . focherd ... G. saigit forsin anmunna, PH 6304 . fochairt a chroísig forro, LU 3281 . fogabatside in n-id focheird [focheard TBC2] Cú C. ... Fír ol F. Cu C. rodla, 4732 ; 4741 . ní théssid secce conda rala nech úaib co n-áenláim, 4809 . bágais Cu C. ... fochichred cloich as a thábaill forru, 5291 . nochon ḟetur ... ní frisi corthe in t-id `I know not ... anything for which the withe should have been thrown' LU 4762 . fucaird L. liic talma dō `cast a sling-stone at him' RC xii 100 § 135 . fochartatár íarom bunsaig ... isa leth i mbátár na finna, LU 1736 . focherded a líathróit ┐ focherded a loirg ina díaid, 5005 . cía focerta míach ... fora mulluch `though a sackful ... were flung on his crown' 6821 ( BDD 38 ). f¤ saile spits : fo-cresa saile (MS saili) ... i n-einech dúilemon 'the face of the Creator was spat upon', Blathm. 191 ​. focheird a saili forsin n-ailig = projecit Lat. Lives 57 . fochairt [a luathred] i n-alt in maro, LU 1725 . Cf. fo[ci]chiur (?) an īch issan sāile I will throw the salmon Anecd. i 73 § 207 (= nan-cuirer, v.l. ruscurius, RC x 88.11 ). ro láithea for bíastaib `they have been cast to wild beasts' Fél. Prol. 41 . With cognate acc., or advb.: fochichursa aurchor dait, LU 5761 . tuc som a láim fon deil cliss dó ┐ focheird rout n-urchair úad TBC-LL¹ 1270 . focairt imroll missed his aim LU 3279 . ni focertiti imroll les, CCath. 2830 . F.¤ IMMUDU, IMMACH throws away, loses: is cor roda lláus immudu it is a cast wherewith I cast it away, i.e. I have lost it TBFr. § 13 . fon-rollassat immach a lloeg they lost her calf Irish Texts i 7 § 24 . frithe ... sleibe, da trian do fir fodngaib ┐ aentrian ... do neoch foceirr amach, Laws v 320x . F.¤ CRANNCHOR (CRANN), F.¤ AR C. casts lots: rollaad crannchur foir, Ml. 29c1 . focres crandchor forro dús cía díb lasa ragtha i tossoch, LU 6879 ( BDD 47 ; —creasa Y). co rolaset chrandchor inter se, Thes. ii 328.41 ( Hy v Comm = co ro laiset sortem, LB 82 marg. inf.). roláiset cranncur cia dib dia roised in flaithius ar tus, D IV 2, 77 [71]rb10 . focerdar crann eturru dus cia de beres ..., Laws iv 172.9 . focerdat crann iman agh mbeo dus ci ..., 102.11 . co rolaa ar crandchar and cia dia teccema a coimet, YBL 156a23 . See crann and crannchor. Cf. berar mucc ┐ ag ... dóib, ┐ apar friu a mmunter féin da n-irgnam dóib. foscichret i crandchor, RC xiii 444w ( LL 289b8 ).

(c) casts down, overthrows: dobeirsi dí láim friu ... conda ral[a] fón ṅglend pitched them into the valley LL 279b20 ( SG 414 ). Cf. doriacht Cethern ... acus focress in dunad ┐ in longphort foraib ┐ noṅgonand cach imme, TBC-LL¹ 4261 (= fosnobairside iarum tresin dūnad ┐ gontaiseom sochaidi, TBC-I¹ 2761 ). F. TAR CEND upsets, prostrates: is mór ríg ralā dar cend, Hail Brigit § 20 . atnagat a ṅgol ... co corastar na daíni ... tar cend, TBFr. § 20 . ro láiset ... a tech tar a cend, LU 1507 ( MU² 1003 ). Cf. fosceird dar a cend ┐ sí marb she falls down dead LL 117a29 (= RC viii 62 ). Cf. II for constr. Fig. is e ro lá dar cend ar forcetulne PH 1686 .

(d) F.¤ A, DE throws off, expels; drops, sheds: rolaad cech alt as a choir dam (gl. totus resolutus sum a campage membrorum) Ml. 44d2 . amal foceirt nech a aetach de Wb. 32c11 . foceirt a chocal de throws off his cowl Trip.² 904 . focertam fíal diínn, Wb. 15b4 . cuirid díib in nere se (gl. deponite ... de) 27b11 . (of a bull:) fochéird de na tri .l. mac nobitís oc cluchiu fair, LU 5330 . .xx. fer focherd de expelled 5819 . foceird a athair mac ingor a horba (.i. ada cuirid ... as in fearand), Laws iii 52.17 . faceird dia aicniud drives him from his nature (gl. perturbat) Ml. 94c8 . focicher don nirt i ttá `will hurl him from the power in which he is' BNnÉ 307 § 29 . is and roláset na bae a n-adarca díb LL 166a18 (= oralsat, BB 408a44 . con rallsat, Dinds. 123 ). cor lasat a n-adarca `till they cast their horns' Dinds. 16 . (cf. and sin ro chuirset na búair a mbenda, Metr. Dinds. iv 224 ). See also (e). is and rola C. in cennidi dia chinn, ScM. 15 . do láoi don chróisigh a ceann | gearr do bháoi an cróisin gan chrann, IGT, Decl. ex. 577 . F.¤ TAR: focheird úir da luib taris (of a bull ploughing up the earth with its hooves) TBC-LL¹ 1490 . Similarly: fócerddetar in n-úir thairsiu 6145 .

(e) puts forth, emits, sends out: focertar fíadain leó are sent with them LU 8869 ( FB 66 ). na rre ... focerdat in bech saithe `when the bees send out a swarm' Laws iv 172.13 (glossed: i cuirid beich ... uaithib). focherdsat na draoithe gaotha draoidhechta ina ndéoidh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 254z . do neoch fo-cheard doman de `all that earth brings forth' Ir. Review 1912, 248 . an dā each ... rolasett fa sech ri sliab, BColm. 90.4 . rolaad gairm escaire for naomaib hErenn `a call was made on' 54.21 . cuire huait, BCr. 32c11 (gl. tolle opp. to adde). Cf. di[a]ndrala huait CXVIII dofuarat latt ... (gl. tolle Kalendas, remanent CXX) Bvi 74 (`subjektlos,' hence 3 s., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 499 ). gur láoi ioth, KMMisc. 168 § 5 .

Cf. focress di grán, mass a méin (om. comma and render: its ore was sent from a goodly grain ?), Metr. Dinds. iii 120.16 .

(f) launches (a boat): rolaisead a curach for muir, RC xxvi 136 § 8 . Cf. focerd a luing ... sech Eirinn soir `steered his vessel' Lism. L. 252 .

(g) In various figurative senses corresponding to above: ní rolsat som cumachtae ṅDé diib did not cast off the power of God Ml. 16d2 . focertar side ... hi selbad ind fir sin `is thrown into the possession of' 30c3 . i n-oena focerddar ┐ dofuasailgther cach áram (gl. omnes numeri ex [singulari] componuntur) Sg. 71a19 . is illeith Duid ... focert a n-ugturras refers (ascribes) their authorship to D. Hib. Min. 4. 131 . nach breth dobeirthe co Conn, foscerdded Conn cucisum, Caratnia § 1 . ro lá gach oman de, Leb. Gab.(i) i 198y . cach eccomnart ... romfarraid ... ro laas dīm fom cumhang, BNnÉ 301.2 . raráid A. ná curfed P. de in n-athis ... coro ralad tria chath ... do denam fri Grécu, LL 228a34 ( TTr. 818 ). in feil bis for luan focertar for mairt the feast ... is transferred to Tuesday LB 9b46 ( Rule of Tallaght § 10 ). o atraracht Crist a bás rolaad in cháisc iarom for dómnach was transferred to Sunday KMMisc. 146.5 . abbair fris, ní corathar a ḟlaith eter rindi gaí, ZCP xi 84.1 . foncerddam il-leth ar Tigernai let us entrust ourselves to our Lord LL 283a19 . Lism. L. viii . nícon béosa fot chumachta-su bas ire diandum roib forsa rol mo greis, TBFr. § 22 (`if I have anyone under whose protection I may put myself' Ériu xi 94 ). Cf. forollat for do greiss that have come [? put themselves ?] under thy protection Ériu viii 173.18 . See Mary Byrne, Ériu xi 94 ff . rolāsett each an dru[i]th ... for greis in aesa imthruimm, BColm. 90.5 . Cf. rotog ... gach dechnebar dib a menmarc do naemuib E., ┐ rolaiset fora muinteras ... ┐ rolaiset forro ainecrus a n-indtige ┐ a n-imtechta co toirsitis E., Lism. L. 2073 . do neoch doraega ┐ ro laí ina muinteras, LU 1393 (cf. II below). rolaite for coindmed cach naidchi they were quartered out every night YBL 209b46 ( Ériu v 236 ). focerd a n-oman cach tuaith `it casts every tribe into dread' Fianaig. 12 § 19 . ma cuaird focheird a toimsi it is measured by the circumference SR 169 = ima cuairt ... focert a tomus, Laws i 28.25 . rolasid súil torunn you have taken our measure Wb. 15d1 . 15a1 . ní ro láim súil toraib isind fid `I cannot cast my eye over them' (i.e. cannot see them all together) LU 4774 . tíagait ... co rolsat súil tairsiu ┐ ba dírim leó in slúag, 3782 ( SCC 35 ). Cf. o ralathur suil dar cach, Ériu ii 229 § 8 . focheird airdmius forsin lorg makes an estimate of LU 4788 . roláosa ... fomus forsa nī sin, 4791 . Mael S. ... focheird síth ima sen-mag `spreads peace' Metr. Dinds. i 44 . With DO of person: offers, grants (to): cid dam focerdta roga | nogegainn mo choimthoga if I were given my choice ZCP vi 267 § 11 . focres rogu do Mug Ruith do thírib Muman viii 314.19 . ro lád roga dóib, LU 8720 ( FB 54 ). With FOR of pers. lays, imposes (on); bestows (on): rolā cāin forsna clanna, Hy i 52 ( Thes. ii 306 ). cáin Patraic ... fucres for cach claind, Trip. 214.1 (2518) . turfochruic flathu foceird for doim `which he grants to an indigent person' (one of the seven bestowals not recoverable by distraint) Laws v 264.16 . rolá bricht forru cast a spell over them Metr. Dinds. iii 388.27 . F.¤ COMAIRLI takes counsel; plans: focres comairli ic lucht na cathrach cidh dogentais, CCath. 920 . focressá comairle léo cinnus dogendais ..., 130 . Cf. focresa cro comairle ┐ cindti comraid ac macaib S. Ériu viii 56.9 . F.¤ COR, CUAIRT turns, twists, makes a stir; goes round; visits; searches: nocon foicher cor dia chind riut will not turn his head towards thee TBC-I¹ 706 (= focher, LU 5184 ). na curid cor díb do not stir LL 259b20 ( IT i 67 ). focheird C. cor n-íach n-eirred de, LU 9119 ( FB 87 ). focerd Fergus cor conidralai for tech mbecc, IT i 144.4 (= do lá F. cuairt, ZCP v 501 . Cf. luid C. ┐ B. du chur cúarta fofúaratár óentech, LU 10579 ). focherd a suilchor issin tig casts a glance ib. IT i 144.16 (= foceird luathchor dá sūil isin tigh, ZCP v 501 ). oral cúairt fuiribsi that I may visit you Wb. 7a4 . asbert M. ... ar a n-indled a noi carpti dí coro lád cor isin dúnud, LU 4616 . regmai coro lam cor imón slúag, 3781 . ro lá curu in gaeth ... im Inber ..., Otia ii 82 . coro lá cor immán rigthech, LU 8381 ( FB 25 ). luid ... corralai cor imma techsom, LL 260b14 ( IT i 74 ). fochichret cuaird in domuin will go round SR 8088 . cia leith focheird a chainchuaird, 1198 . rolá cúairt hÉrend fo thrí `he made the circuit of Erin thrice' Metr. Dinds. i 16.30 . Cf. fochress cach cúaird imm alaile don díbeirg fri éitsecht in scéoil arranged themselves in concentric circles LU 7060 ( BDD 72 ). See 1 cor, 1 cúairt. focheird cor tra do menmannaib araile cid foruair, etc., the minds of some are exercised by the question, what caused LB 212a66 ( Alex. 1014 ). F.¤ COR makes a contract or agreement: cor focerdcar [sic] seach aga fine `a covenant made without the knowledge of the chief' Laws iv 60.12 . cor foceird baeth fri gaeth, iii 6.19 . dā cor focerdaiter fri hechlacha, iv 58.24 Comm . nach cor ... focerdtar for aes forngaire, ZCP xiii 23.23 ( Bürgschaft 11 § 37 ). inge secht n-uasalchuru nadat asu do thaithbiuch neochma rolatar [sic leg., ZCP xvi 271 ], Laws iv 210.2 . fo bith nand asu dichenglad cor mbel inneochma ralatar, 206.14 . coro-lasat a curu bliadain fri D., Dinds. 22 = BB 363a6 . With ellipse (cf. i): flaith foceird fri anflaith, Laws v 358.7 (expld. in Comm. p. 360 as one who accepts stock from an unlawful or extern chieftain). Cf. focerd fri flaith n-eachtrunn, ii 286.5 Comm . Similarly: focerd a mainche fri eagluis (= makes a contract of service with? See mainche) iii 68.5 . Eochaid mac O. focheird cuindlic [ = cuindilc] ┐ a hocht brathair E. and his eight brothers make a pact Anecd. iii 61.15 . focartatar coindi[l]c ib. 30 . ┐ focheird a ḟoesam ┐ a oentaid fris, Fél. 132.25 (see fáes(s)am). cach cor ... cach idnucul focertur forsna urgurtuib sa (.i. cuirither resin lucht ro urgairustur dligedh cunnrud do denum), Laws ii 290 ( ZCP xiv 376 ). Cf. is mōr ríg frisrala cor currech Corpri ... `whom the Curragh of C. has overthrown' [? to whom ... has plighted itself] Hail Brigit § 16 . F.¤ BEDG makes a leap, jumps, springs: focheird bedg cuce springs at him LL 260a41 ( IT i 72.19 ). rola Cu Ch. bedg de tresin mbudin, LU 1517 ( MU² 1015 ). focherdat in miolcoin bedg i mBrei, TBFr. § 5 . focheird Cu Ch. tri bidcu ina ndíaid, LU 5795 . See bedg, and cf. do-cuirethar. Cf. ni fuailfed focheird inti | luaithred M. `no motion in it made the ashes of M.' Metr. Dinds. ii 62.5 . F.¤ SCÍS rests: arrallsat scis a tig rig, YBL 13a21 ( Snedg. u. Mac R p. 12 ). Cf. lotar hi tír do chor a scísi, Trip.² 376 .

(h) of sounds, noises: utters, makes; raises (a shout, cry): focherdat ... gāir foa cheer him LU 8849 ( FB 64 ). focheird osnaid sighs LL 371a8 . ro lasat gáir mesca 259b15 ( IT i 67 ). biasta ... fochichret gaire garga SR 8060 . focherd srainn snores BS § 27.1 . focerd ilach cheers Laws i 244.6 Comm. focertitis ualla mora ┐ grithghairi `uttered great yells and howls' RC xiv 46.2 . baili i ralsat Gaill grithgair, Rawl. 164a48 = ait i rrollsat G. crithgair, LL 185a44 ( Arch. Hib. ii 85 ). roláadh gáir móir and, TTr.² 1640 . dia ralsatar fíanna faíd `raised a cry' Metr. Dinds. iv 144 . focheird fáid ... cloc bind, Auraic. 5131 . foceird fit ... frissin n-escmogin hisses at O'Mulc. 527 . Cf. for braigtib rig foceird feit (of a sword) LU 1042 ( ACC 101 ) = LU 9673 ( ZCP iii 214 ). fochartatar a ndord n-impi, LU 7850 ( BDD 141 ). a ngloim ro lásat na tri .l. curach oc tuidecht hi tír (the noise they made) LU 6935 ( BDD 55 ). Here perhaps f.¤ grith: (of weapons on a rack:) ro lásat grith co mbátár for lár in tige, LU 6936 ( BDD 55 ). (of swords, etc. tossed by a juggler:) fochartatár grith immi co mbátar for lár in tige, LU 7560 , 7568 ( BDD 109 , 110 ). foceird armgrith mór a rrígthech the house clattered (?) LU 8203 ( FB 15 ). (of a regiment:) an armgrith rolāsad oc teacht ind rēimme, TBC-I¹ 3221 . fochertar armgrith mór leo .i. mac sethar ind ríg do folmaisiu a báis, LU 5018 . rola Temair tri crithu [leg. grithu ?] di ┐ rolaiset na sluaigh ... ┐ roláset primdingnai Erenn uile, Anecd. ii 7.19 . Cf. f.¤ dírna, below, III.

(i) performs, executes, wages: f.¤ cath, etc.: fochartatar ... an [leg. na] coin cocluiche `the hounds had a coursing-match' RC xii 72 § 43 . secht catha raláe ma thīr, LL 44b33 (= ro ládh mun tir, 380b41 ). desin rolád ... in cath for fál F. `hence was fought ... the battle at the fence of F.' Metr. Dinds. iii 346.97 . gur laoi is Oilill cath Cláraigh GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 168 . With FOR of defeated side: in cath ... rolá for leith Chuind, Metr. Dinds. iii 200.17 . With FRI of opponent: co róiltis glied fris, LU 5283 . Cf. anaid sund ... conid rolursa frisin fer n-ucut till I tackle that man LU 5225 . mad comáes nod corad fris `had it been his match in age who opposed him' Metr. Dinds. iv 132. 17 . DO: focerd gliaidh do Aen. 2505 . Cf. focichret for collaib coin congala, RC xxvi 38 § 201 . co rrálat a ndíbeirg for firu Alpan, LU 6725 (`that they may wreak their rapine on the men of A.', Stokes, BDD 21 ). co rrólsat a ndibeirg lais, LU 6729 ( BDD 22 ). f.¤ ár (with gen. of obj.) slaughters; overthrows in battle: fochiuchra for tiugára, LU 4583 (= con curfe, TBC-LL¹ 290 ). focerddat a n-ár ┐ marbait in ríg, LL 242b5 ( TTr. 1910 ). cor muidh for Gallaib ┐ cur ládh a n-ár, RC xvii 351.20 (Tig.). co rolládh a n-ár etir ergabail ┐ marbadh, 355.26 (Tig.). rosceastar sliabh nEthna sruaim tened ... gu ro lae ar daini ┐ cethra ann, CCath. 854 . co ráemid for Gúari corro lad ár cend and LU 9605 . focerdded ār ceann and, BB 428b29 . Cf. co rolad ár mór dib and, Ann. Inisf. 19a14 (988) .

II Used to take the place of an intrans. vb. of motion.

(a) in older lang. in impers. constr., often with inf. pron. obj. (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 310 ff .): facheirt in alios sonos `it puts itself [ = passes] into other sounds' Sg. 4b6 . fosceird dar a cend ┐ sí marb she falls down dead LL 117a29 (cited above, I c). This is evidently the same construction as that in: arnach corathar immoth ... dia seirc that he may not become stupefied from love of them Ml. 68b9 . Cf. dia corastar Saul foir isin nuaim i mboí when S. chanced upon him Ml. 39a3 . bec nacham ralae i nderchoíniud I almost despaired 90c17 . (Cf. becc náchimrala húathbás, BDD 87 Y, where DEU omit becc). ni foichred cnoi díb for lár not one nut would fall LU 7329 ( BDD 97 ; ni rossed cnú díb lár, Eg.). focerd F. cor conidralai for tech mbecc ann, IT i 144.5 . foscerd iarsin i n-araile indsi `they land' RC x 72 (foscairt v.l.). foscerd do inis they come to an island Anecd. i 56 § 45 ; fosceirt, 59 § 74 . dochuamar a tir sunna, ronla a nuaim in Ciclopdai `we landed here and went into the Cyclops cave' Aen. 154 . is and rolasi co Cathbath, LL 259b26 . YBL 109b37 ( IT i 68 ; rolaad sí, Eg.). foscerd ... imonsech fo c[h]osmailess luathrinde they are whirled round (of three opposing sea-currents) Corm. Y 323 . nosuighfedh cid Erind focher[r]ad ind, ib. fotcicher i súan | nimchicher i súan thou wilt fall asleep. I will not LL 147a22 ( PRIA iii 548 ). nach duine rodacuala son foscerded i cess, LL 126a18 . focerd E. i ces a ben do eludh `it grieved E. that his wife had eloped' Ériu xii 188.7 . foscichreth uili i ndāssacht, Ériu ii 136.1 . amal snechtae fosceird i robāne `which is cast into great whiteness' 130 § 99 . fosceird iar sen a muir naill, YBL 6b45 (= focheirdat ass iar sein hi mmuir n-aill LU 1887 ; see section b below). foscerdsom ína cotludh they fall asleep YBL 5a21 = fochairt inna cotlud, LU 1801 . Cf. srethius fair ... in slig conid rallá ina chomsudiu, LU 5148 . rolá didiu i socht ... Mac D. Mac D. became silent ScM. 3 . roslá i socht na hUlto, 9 (= rolá socht mór forra R). focherd A. i serg de A. falls into a wasting sickness LU 10730 (TÉ). ge robatar longphorta slog in domain i n-athfoccus don tigh sin ni rolae tigerna in tige i snimh ... uair ni rabattar ... innmassa occo, CCath. 3337 . is ann sin ro láa [rogabsat; ro ba v.l.] curudha ... for tocbháil a fedhma catha, CCath. 2016 (cf. section c). Cf. ni rola imroll mo urchur cussindiu, LU 3281 .

Exceptionally to express completion of action: ic coistecht fris dóib uile coro láis in tasfénad sin do dénam, LU 1378 (= con roisc, LL 280b32 , corroisc, YBL 120b25 ). Cf. rolāi dí had achieved ' Fianaig. 46 § 9 .

(b) Somet. with reflex. inf. pron.: foscerdat inna buidne form ranks LU 4684 , cf. ro lasat i ndrungo ... ┐ buidne, BB 414b10 . Cf. TBC-I² 246 n. 211 .

(c) hence as intrans. vb. denoting indefinite motion (though some of the following may be corruptions really belonging to section a). lit. and fig.: is and fochichersom ar gním n-aithergaib [sic leg.] `he will resort to' BDD 102 c , (cf. CCath. 2016 cited in section a). focicher crú tria chnessaib blood will burst through skin (?`ich werde Blut ... springen lassen' Wi.) TFerbe 648 . focertat i suan co cenn tri la fall asleep RC xiv 46.17 (cf. YBL 5a21 cited in section a). focherddat Ulaid chuci, LL 124a25 ( Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 ). focerd C. a magh mor a aenur `C. found himself on' [went in to ?] IT iii 195.3 . focherd i tracht romra comes to (= anchors in) Anecd. ii 15 § 8 . focerd in long i roibi S. ┐ lenaid for carraic ` struck ' Aen. 1010 . focairt chos in Duind C, ar adairc a chele alighted TBC-I¹ 3656 . focaird forsin cuanlocht na mac tíre came upon the wolf-pack ZCP viii 310.40 . Cf. ar chribais il-leirg ... daceird [focheird v.l.] [my dog] comes upon a pig (?) IT i 162.4 ( LL 208a12 ). fochard and Morrigan ... do tascc an catha `proceeded to proclaim' RC xii 108 § 166 .

Cf. rolaus cian i cein | ar do charait i mbrōn, LL 147a41 ( PRIA iii 548 . Supply cuairt ?).

III In the following idiomatic constructions

(a) with AR (cf. II): ni áil dúib á iarfigid arna rala for cubus áiri lest it distress your conscience Wb. 11b21 (Thes. takes `for' as prep., comparing: act ni roib ní for cocubus, 30a16 ). focerd a chubus som ar tomailt torith na muindtiri `he exercised his conscience about eating the produce' Mon. Tall. 77 . ni ralá do cless n-airiut cosinnocht never troubled (?) thee LU 7562 ( BDD 109 ). ní arná corad mo chiall | arna fordulu no tíag it is not that my mind heeds not the strayings (= that I am not acting intentionally ?) LU 4724 . Michél ... focheird mo menma airi `M. ... my mind is set on him' Ériu ii 92.6 .

(b) In the following the vb. seems transitive: focairddsi menmain for in gilla set her heart on RC xxv 346 § 2 . ní foíchiursa mo menmain for óclach n-aile, TBFr. § 24 . ro láeside menmain fora macsom, LU 2928 . Cf. ráthaigis E. aní sin ┐ focheird a menmain airi she considered it (= was puzzled by it ?) LU 10743 .

(c) focerd dano menma in coca thairis cur bhá slan a sechtmain the cook forgot him (?) till a week passed Lism. L. 1997 .

(d) f.¤ for weighs on, grieves, vexes: na cuirid fortsu sin ... uair fogebum uili in t-olc sin grieve not for that BB 445a37 ( Mer. Uil. 10 ). ralágh [prob. for ro-lá] ... cumha a banchéle for an ríg coma ... imeslān é, ZCP xiii 197.12 . bai aenfer ... fornar laessat na cumscaigthi mora sin `whom those great commotions did not affect' CCath. 1086 . atcuas doséin a mhac do epilt. rolá fair go mór go mbaí hi siurcc, AFM vi 2218.20 . (of rain:) ba moa rolá for muintir Uí D. na frossa ferthana ... inás for ṡlógh an Gh., 2034.2 . ar a mhēd rolā fair gan a ṡlogh dia tharrachtain, Hugh Roe 252.29 (67b) .

ba fou fachart[at]arsom it was for that that they applied(?) it Ml. 64a10 . Cf. ni du choscrad in tempuil storidi ralasom `it is not of the destruction of the ... temple that he has put it (gl. non id ille dixit quod illi dicunt Comm. on Marco P. xiv 58 ) Tur. 80 . ba dō fachairtsam son, ar nicontissed aridisse, RC xi 444.3 (= ba do focerdsom anni sen for Coin C. fodeig arna contissed ..., ZCP iii 247.1 ). (Expl. of cruimther as transl. of premther:) in Bretain ... it ē dorintaiset ┐ is anni as premter dorintaiset. is fair iarom rolaset legnidhe na mB. annīsin: amail is lomm, etc. Corm. Y 211 (= is fáei ... latharsat LB; is foi ... rolasat HM. O'Don., Corm. Tr., renders LB `accordingly the literati of the B. explained it'). ni cian rollā for dāla did not long delay (?) SR 7651 .

(e) f.¤ dírna di = scares (?): fochérd dírna mór din tslóg co luid Medb día chosc, LU 4685 . atracht in slōg uile ara chind ┐ rola dirmae din chath imbi oc teacht isin telaig TBC-I¹ 3288 = ro lá dírna dina cathaib ┐ dina sluagaib ac déscid in láich sin, TBC-LL¹ 5391 . See Hermathena 1931 p. 4 , and cf. f.¤ grith I (h) above.

íascmar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íascmar or dil.ie/27111
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o, ā (íasc) full of fish, productive of fish : iasccmhar na hinbhiora, blechtmhara na buair , AFM i 96.10 . robsad lán-chiúine (sic MS.) leur-iasgmhura a línnte, RC xliii 280.15 . Compar. nochan fhuil a Laighnibh ... ionadh inar thairthighe trom-thalomh, ┐ inarbh iascmhaire inbhear ... inás, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 85.22 .

indebar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indebar or dil.ie/28353

 

Forms: indebuar, hinnebur

n manure, dung: indebar .i. áilech ... ut est, tech i mbí indebar, .i. tech i mbí inde in buair , O'Dav. 1127 = indebuar, Laws v 166.5 . dogéna ór ┐ arcut do i.¤ ┐ do otraigib na n-ech ┐ na cámall, PH 7276. As vn. fearann asa n-asann cach arbur can frichnam ... ni heicin a hinnebur `it does not require to be manured,' Laws v 220.25 Comm. Cf. caindebar.

1 inne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 inne or dil.ie/28806
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: t-inne, innedha, indida, innidhe, innighe, innedh, n-indid

n , f. (but : in t-inne , Ir. Gl. 1013 ). (< prep. i, Celtica xv 18 ) In Mid. and Mod. Ir. d- endings also occur : n p. innedha, CCath. 4142. indida, Rosa Angl. 324.15 . a p. a innidhe , Exodus xxix 17. a innighe , 2 Samuel xx 10. g p. a n-innedh , Aisl. Tond. 104.24 . na n-indid , Irish Texts iii 49.x . See IGT Decl. § 180. ? Orig. meaning the inmost part of anything, the middle, the essence, the content:

I Figurative sense.

(a) quality, real value ; manner, kind, nature: alind á óiph in forcitil nemnech immurgu a i.¤ poisonous its quality (of the doctrine of Pelagius), Wb. 7c1 . is fo dobertar inna anman fonna inni fordingrat `it is in accordance with that the names are given (namely) in accordance with the qualities that they signify,' Ml. 37a14 . is i.¤ so inna ermiten `such is the honour' gl. qualem, 67c7 . i.¤ olc `the evil quality' gl. qualitas, 71b4 . eregem ind inni se `such a complaint,' 90c8 . torand folaid ┐ i.¤ `a signification of substance and quality,' Sg. 26b12 . i.¤ ind ḟebtad ł ind ḟolaid, 28a1 . do lanad ┐ ḟoilsiguth i.¤ indib gl. ad mani-festandam eorrum qualitatem, 28b18 . quantus .i. is heidméit ... qualis inna i.¤ so `qualis of this quality,' 30a14 . ní ed a mét foilsigther ind i.¤ robói hi pyrr not only is the quality which was in Pyrrhus demonstrated, 211a10 . Garb Glinni olc a ḟuáth is a inni, RC xiv 422.1 . in long d'ór is án i.¤ whose quality is splendid ?, LL 307b41 . meid ┐ inni ┐ inchosc `quantity, quality, and meaning,' Auraic. 673. bonus et malus is i in indi : magnus et minus is i in meid, 674 . a hi.¤ a cuit isin seoit from the true value of his share ... ?, Laws iii 360.12 Comm. tir ara ningealtar [log] .i. ferand ara r-gelladh log a hinde `land for which its real price was promised' (etym. gl. on ingeltar), v 430.5 and 15 Comm. in gell a hindi leth n-uinge `a pledge of the intrinsic value of half an ounce' (etym. gl. on ingille), 416.19 Comm. mided .i. meisemnaiged cach a hi.¤ in ni is coir do gabail isin rath let everyone judge from his own quality ? (or in his own mind ?). ii 254.28 Comm. tir a mbí i.¤ doimne, cuirrig ┐ seiscenn, O'Dav. 140. nach saobhthuir i.¤ an aeeóir `that the nature of the air be not perverted,' Studies 1921, 74 § 4 . ? fer brón fort íer techta inde (glossed : .i. more) lámnado, LU 10887 (rhetoric, = ... ier techta in delmnad, Ériu xii 182 § 12 ). a hinne used adverbially properly, naturally, by reason of or according to its nature or quality: cell con-a hincrod .i. cell cusin crod bis innte a hi.¤ , Laws v 222.14 Comm. co na nindteach .i. cusaní is toich no is duthaig bis orro a hinde, iv 152.13 Comm. ise ní ro meisemnaiged a hinde doib `the thing that was estimated originally for them,' 34.21 Comm.

Used absolutely as adv. of manner (see GOI § 876 ) : i.¤ ropridched dúib `as has been preached to you,' Wb. 25a40 . inni rombatar riam hí tempul such as they were before gl. talia, Ml. 62b2 . cia inni soas `how he turns' gl. qualiter auersatur, 123d8 .

(b) meaning, sense, signification: ara tucca cách a canas condib réil less ind i.¤ bess and, Wb. 27b27 . ce torbe dúibsi in fogur sin mani fessid inni bess fon fogursin `the sense which is under that sound,' 12d5 . issí i.¤ fil is indi as fluit, consumitur, Ml. 83b1 . is inunn chiall is indi as scit ┐ as nóuit is in dib desmrechtaibso .i. procurat issí i.¤ fil hi cechtar de, 114b1 . ind i.¤ bís indib riam gl. significatio, Sg. 4b4 . huare nád forcmat inn inni saindilis inna ndelb the special meaning of the forms, 50a6 . is follus inna n-inni som i.¤ inna n-anmmann húataat, 59a11 . brath inn[e] cach brethi, Laws i 22.5 Comm. bunad ocus inde ocus airbert ... don focul origin, meaning and use ..., 30.y Comm. a inde .i. a indaithmech its meaning i.e. its analysis, Lec. Gl. 169. dorrime S. ... inni n-ali nand .i. beatus quasi vivatus `S. gives another sense,' Hib. Min. 434. tucad in t-ainm iarsin n-inde thoirnes for in sollamain-si according to the meaning it denotes ?, PH 6934. seachta ... seacht n-ae a hinni `heptad ... seven sciences is the meaning of it,' Auraic. 742.

II Concrete sense.

(a) middle, centre, inmost part (very freq. in etym. glosses) : inde a hinde .i. as a lár, O'Don. Suppl. (< H 3. 18 ). inchind .i. i n-inde cind bīs, Corm. Y 760. inchind .i. indi in chind, O'Mulc. 732. innéoin .i. inne an eana .i. meadhón an uisge, O'Cl. ni diubair indraic inlobra .i. ... innraic bis a n-inde labra in the middle of illness, O'Curry 2469 (< Eg. 88, fo. 38 (39)a ). in ni bis a nind (leg. ninde) a treibe (gl. on intreb furniture), Laws ii 358.10 Comm. no lin[a]d indara lestar a hur in tsrotha, araile asa medon, RC xxv 35.25 , to `medon' corresponds hinde in tsrotha, 30 . iad i n-i.¤ aigianta eisinnill an áruis ... sin in the deep insecure centre, TSh. 6690. cuiridh an teas a teitead a n-i.¤ na talman astech `into the interior of the earth,' ITS xiv 38.11 . secht n-indsguithe .i. atait secht scuiche a hinde `there are seven internal departures,' Laws v 296.21 Comm.

? To this the following exx. : duine ro gaid set ┐ roe no (leg. ro elo) amach-asin crích ... ní légur a hi.¤ in ferainn é go foircenn na riaghla, O'D. 696 (< H 3.17, c. 509 ). ingraide tire .i. ingraid a hindi ... ina thir transltd. `grazing on a farm i.e. they graze the top (of the grass) in the land,' Laws iv 48.18 Comm. co dílinn do ladh a hindibh aeoir `from the inside of the air,' Leb. Gab.(i) 92 n. 6 . a sil a innibh an aieoir, DDána 110 § 48. failet ann linni lethna | ailli a n-inni a noebtrethna, SR 494. inngas .i. inde an gai na chuais the inner part of the spear in its socket ?, O'Mulc. 769. cāin inbir .i. ... riaghail inneich bis in inde bera na corad, Laws iv 212.12 Comm.

(b) mind, heart: ni ḟuil th'aídh na th'i.¤ hi ccradh `thy care and thy thoughts are not on wealth,' Cog. 64.29 . ca rūn atā fat i.¤ ?, ZCP xiii 170.16 . as mairg dobheir taobh re mnáibh ... cidh bed bhes ina n-i.¤ `whatever be in their minds,' BS 112.7 . amail aimsiges int aintcrist indi cāich, ZCP xii 368.18 . mar bhíos Críost san ghille ghlan | gan díosc na i.¤ iodhan in his pure heart, Arch. Hib. i 99 xvii .

(c) Usually in pl., the bowels, entrails, intestines: talias gl. na hinneda `the bowels,' Gild. Lor. 93. erga mea viscera gl. illeth rem indib, ib. 148 . cum medullis gl. cusna hindib, 227 . isnaib innib `in the inward parts' gl. in osibus, Ml. 28a7 . int i.¤ iachtarach gl. líén `the lower gut,' Ir. Gl. 1013. in mil bis i ninde uithir the beast which is in the bowel of the sick man, Laws ii 12.22 . ris in ngen inasas a hi.¤ in athar, in ingean, 346.4 Comm. ina sinib no na indib, transltd. `in her udder' (of a cow), iii 228.10 Comm. comba leir a i.¤ et a inathar tar a bhél, TBC-LL¹ p. 373 n. 1 . contarlaic a mbúi do innib ina medón corrabi for fortchi in charpait, LL 121a2 . coná raibhe acht a cris ... catha ic congbail a i.¤ ocus a inathair ar n-íchtar, MR 300.5 . ro-m-piantar tria m'índib, PH 802. ni testa fuirri innedha na linche the entrails of lynxes (of a witch), CCath. 4142 . nighfe tú a innidhe thou shall wash its entrails, Exodus xxix 17. indida na n-ainmindti, Rosa Angl. 324.15 . sa gaile no isna hindib, RC xlix 14.11 . gur marbh flux inneadh drong dibh `that a flux of the bowels slew some of them,' ITS xix 112.23 . eslainti in gaili ... ┐ eslainti na n-indid mar ata gaothmuirecht ┐ colica, Irish Texts iii 49.x . an té thiocfus amach as t'innibh féin bhus oighre ort, Gen. xv 4. m'i.¤ ro shúig `my vitals he sucked' (a mother of her child), Todd Lect. vi 82.11 . in tan ro-genair ... on óig cen eroslucad n-i.¤ without opening of the womb, PH 6752. i n-innibh ar mbancéile i n-ám tuismedha, CCath. 647. Fig.: cuiridh iomuibh ... innighe trocaire the bowels of mercy, Coloss. iii 12.

By an extension of meaning, dung: indebar .i. áilech, ut est tech i mbí indebar .i. tech i mbí inde in buair .i. tech salach semdellach, O'Dav. 1127 = Laws v 166.18 Comm.

1 lacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lacht or dil.ie/29264
Last Revised: 2019

 

n m., g s. -a (see Ériu xiii 161 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 228 ). IGT Decl. § 95 milk, partic. cow's milk: linpaite 'na ngablaib . . . / 'sé l.¤ rodasurmaid `that is the milk that filled them', Metr. Dinds. iii 220.48 . comet lachta .i. ferrn . . . ar is i coimetas in l.¤ . . . is di doniter lestair imon l.¤ (of letter f in Wood Ogam), Auraic. 5622 - 3 . Glend Táil . . . ar a mét ro thálsat na h-alma a loim ┐ a l.¤ and do ḟeraib hE. ( a l.¤ ┐ a loim ┐ a lemlacht, St.), TBC-LL¹ 1592 . do l.¤ na vii mbó, IT iii 197.7 . rotomlacht cen lúag al-l.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 166.31 . itir l.¤ ┐ gnimraidh ┐ colainn, Laws ii 66.18 . līnsat Éirinn gan anadh / do l.¤ ┐ do lind-taradh, ML² 57 . do beredh da trian fora lachtaib ┐ fora mbleognaib, D IV 2, 53 rb43 . nemeth bó .i. nem suth .i. suth l.¤ ar is ō l.¤ atā nemtenc[h]us do cethra . . . issed nos-nemtigenn al-l.¤a carnae , O'Mulc. 830e, k . níor lia bó is l.¤ ga líonadh, DDána 113.21 . do réabadh i n-éinḟeacht do ghrán, do l.¤ (of Ireland), Hackett xv 11. l . ag buin ni ḟuil gan trághadh, Keat. Poems 508. teist na báistighe . . . nó an lachta, 699 . Cf. a bo do ni demad certa / cen bad leo a lachta (ló lachta, v.l.), Anecd. i 47 § 5. With descriptive gen. of cow's milk: do l.¤ búair , Metr. Dinds. iii 218.27 . do l.¤ bo oendatha, Dinds. 46 ( LL 22404 ). l.¤ bó, O'R. Poems 160 . ar mbreith lachta na loilgech / mar rugsat leo l.¤ in chruidh, Ériu iv 224.2 - 3 . Of human milk: gur hoileadh leat-sa ar l.¤ do chíoch nglan, Keat. Poems 1523. In phrases: laigh a coimetecht lachta sucklings, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 31 n . in cein bit a coimitecht lachta, O'Curry 671 ( H 3.18, 328b ). aimser lachta milking season: in uair is aimsir lachta ┐ nach aimsir gnimha, Laws iii 150.21 Comm . bo fri blicht .i. i n-aimsir lachta isin tsamradh, i 126.19 Comm .

Of other animals' milk: leth pinginn ar l.¤ caerach, . . . pinginn co triun pinginne ar l.¤ in gabair, O'Curry 345 - 6 ( H 3.18, 191 ). būaid dī all.¤ a lloe (of sheep), Ériu vii 6.26 . do thaladh an eilit a l.¤ aran ccloich, BNnÉ 164.29 . feisi cen l.¤ (sows), O'Dav. 1026 = gan lachta, Auraic. 4543 . amhuil nach fághthar l.¤ ná lomradh ón muic, Párl. na mB. 3148 .

Of (intoxicating) drink: gan trághadh lachta ag teacht san ól soin, O'Rah. xv 88. Cf. gan lanna gan lachtas (leg. lacht a's?) línéadach, Ó Bruad. iii 14 § 5.

Of blood: ibait fíaich lúgbairt l.¤ , LU 4669 ( TBC-I¹ 204 ).

Compds. With nouns. ¤chrodh: lán dod lachtchrodh, milch herd, DDána 114.41 . ní háil leis lón lachtchruidh, Magauran 3542 . With 2 genas: lachtgenus tuinigthi `lactiferous udder' (lit. steady milk-production?), MR 100.16 . ¤mag in n. loc. Dál Caiss Leithet Lactmaige, LL 322c27 . Cf. lactmuad, Sc.M² 22a n. (for tlachtmūad, text).

With adjj. ¤milis: sruth l. of sweet milk, RC xxvi 136.12 . ¤trom: l. dúibh an bioth, a Bhriaín `the land flows with milk', Magauran 354 .

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