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7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or dil.ie/8
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

ad-tluichethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-tluichethar or dil.ie/585
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: atluchur, atlochur, atlochor, atluchedar, atluachathar, adluigethar, -atlaigethar, atlochomar, atlóch[a]tar, atlaigthe, atlaiged, atligid, atluchfam, atluchestar, atlugestar, atlaigestar, altoighte, attlugud, atlaigid, altaigid

v (* ad-tluch-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 650 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. atluchur, Wb. 3b19 . atlochur, LU 9939 . atlochor, 2998 . 3 s. atluchedar, Ml. 128c3 . atluachathar, ZCP iv 242.11 (= atluchatar, Ériu iii 2. y ). adluigethar (MS. atluidethar ), 13 (= atluchetar, ibid. 4.1 ). -atlaigethar, 18 (= atlaighedar, ibid. 6 ). 1 pl. atlochomar, Ériu iii 2.1 . 3 pl. atlóch[a]tar, ZCP iv 241.5 . Ipv. 2 s. atlaigthe, Thes. ii 318.5 (Hy. ii). 3 s. atlaiged, ZCP vii 311 § 8 . 2 pl. atligid, Wb. 27b24 . Fut. 1 pl. atluchfam, Wb. 17a2 . Pret. 3 s. atluchestar, Mon. Tall. 150.17 . atlugestar, LU 10930 . atlaigestar, 10787 . Vbl. of necess. altoighte, O'Gr. Cat. 469.5 . Vn. attlugud.

Later as simple vb. atlaigid, altaigid.

(a) gives thanks (generally with buidi ) to (DO): atluchfam buidi do Dia, Wb. 17a2 . atluchedar buidi do Día, Ml. 128c3 . altaigis a buidi do Dia, Ériu ii 186.26 . altaigis buide dia Art, ZCP viii 103.8 . an duine adluigethar buidhi a deghmaine do Dhía, ZCP iv 242.13 . With ellipsis of buidi and accus. of thing for which thanks are returned: atluchur do dia ce rubaid fo pheccad nachibfel, Wb. 3b19 . atlochur do Dia i n-etad / innocht dom ḟeis óenfeccad, LU 9648 . atlochur dom ríg / . . . / bith dom churp co sáim, LU 9939 . atlochur dom chumachtaib ar Conchobar rothascair etc., LL 12983 . ro altuighsium fo Dhia inad a reclésa dh 'foillsiugud dó, Lism. L. 4744 . dlegar duit a flaíth / altaig cech maith dó, KMMisc. 276.4 . ad-lochar don fhlaith rom chum / a ndearnadh d'éigceart orum, Aithd. D. 74.7 . innmhe as altoighte d'fior an estate to be thankful for, O'Gr. Cat. 469.5 . ro chuala nicon ro atlaigestar m'athairse a chuit riam I have heard that my father never gave thanks for his share, LL 279a2 . altaigid a proind, ZCP vii 311 § 8 . caithit tuara ┐ dig, atluiget iar sin, xiii 30.2 . beiridh a bhuidhe ré Dia a theacht / ┐ altaighidh a éisteacht `and be grateful for having heard him', Atlantis iv 148.19 . Folld. by FRI (LA): atlaigim fri Dia ar forclid aile imalle frind ic foillsiugud na noem corp sin, PH 1579 . altaigim mo grassa re Dia I give thanks to God, Fier. 123 . níor altuigheas rem Airdrígh, DDána 46.5 . altuigh an troimthiodhlacadh sa léd thigherna, Mac Aingil 4983 . altaigit ina huile poipleacha la Dia . . . na mōrmīrbaili forcaomnagair `gave thanks to God . . . for the great miracles which had been wrought', Fl. Earls 140.28 .

(b) rejoices at (with accus.): atlaigestár bethaid a brathar he rejoiced that his brother was alive, LU 10787 (TE). atlugestar a céli a ndogéni friss her husband rejoiced at what she had done for him, 10930 . ro attlaigestar E. in scél sin, TTr.² 80 . cech met ro atlaigset ┐ forbailigset crochad Críst, LB 154b8 . roatlaigh a scaradh re hiffern, ZCP iii 33.24 . roatlaigset a naigenta ┐ a nimraiti ar torachtain a forba . . . fen, Ériu viii, 20.3 .

(c) For do-tluichethar: atluidestar comruc friu she gave thanks for having met them , ACL iii 326.8 . Cf. tothluigim .i. altaighim, ut est, tothluigim techt i tegh co righ, O'Dav. 1565 (= tothluighther techt, Ériu xiii 40 ) ( athlochar techt, IT iii 51.6 ).

3 art

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 art or dil.ie/4323
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (Gr. ἄρτος Akten Bonn 125-26 ) explained in glossaries as god: a.¤ .i. dīa, unde dicitur Eochaid Find Fūath n-Airt .i. fūath dēa fair ar a chāime, Corm. Y 26 . domemaid A.¤ uasal .i. dīa ūasal, ib. is inann a.¤deus (.i. día), Cóir Anm. 167 . a.¤ .i. potens, ut dicitur domemaid a.¤ uasal .i. deus , O'Mulc. 55 . Cf. 4 art, 1 ard (f). altaigis buide dia Art antī Angal, ZCP viii 103.8 = a.¤ a buidi do dia anti A., Ériu ii 186.y . cartōit im Art (.i. Dia), ZCP v 486 § 8 (B. na f.).

attlugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. attlugud or dil.ie/4944

 

Forms: altaigthe, -i, altugud

u, m. vn. of ad-tluichethar. In phr. a.¤ buide act of giving thanks, thanksgiving . Also freq. in pl. altaigthe, -i (cf. Lat. gratiae). Later altugud. denid a.¤ buide do Dia di cach maith dogní frib, Wb. 27a7 . a.¤ boide do Dia di bar n-ícc tritsom, 27c2 . tre atlogod buide donaib noibaib, 17a3 . do atlugud buide, Thes. i 488.20 ( Tur. 58a ). atligthe buide gl. gratiae, Wb. 14c5 . int (leg. ind) atlaigthi buide gl. gratiae, Ml. 36b19 . ro-gní Echu atlaigthe buide do Dia, Trip.² 2111 . tuccsat altucchadh buide a ccosccair don choimde, AFM vi 2132.27 . do-ronne altugad buidhi fri Dia ar in furtacht for-fuair, Grail 1994 . altaigti buidhi, 3867 . With reverse order: bermait buide n-altaighthi do Dia (.i. gratias Deo agimus), Corm. Y 684 . rugsatar a buidi altaidi duna deib, Mer. Uil. 264 v.l. ( BB 447a48 ).

Without buide: ailli mési ┐ altugud laisseom, Mon. Tall. 131.10 (§ 8) . glúasacht cluicc do atluchud / dond Ríg dorúasat túarai, Ériu iii 102 § 31 . atlugud gl. hymnus, Rawl. B 512, 71b (Plummer MS notes). an té ibhios a chapán a ndiaigh altuighthe (an offence requiring absolution), Mac Aingil 6467 . a biadh uile d'altuccadh, BNnÉ 282.12 . do altugud (atlaghadh v.l.) na hairmiden ┐ na honora moiri sin, RC xxiv 64 § 26 . altachud a édāla, ZCP viii 221.2 . déana a altoghadh give thanks for it, DDána 114.17 .

Prob. in sense of rejoicing, taking pleasure in in: oc atlugud ima beth isi[n] phein, LB 143a15 . fodord um cach maith, altugad cech uilc (signs of invidia), ZCP iii 26.17 .

badb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. badb or dil.ie/5114
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Badb, baidhbh, bodb, Badbchadh

n ā, f. Note also a s. Badb, LL 6939. n p. baidhbh, IGT Decl. ex. 814. Earlier bodb. Name of a war-goddess; hooded crow; scald-crow (in which form the goddess appeared). See RC i 32 ff. , Études Celt. viii 407 f . and Heldensage p. 63 . Represented as stirring up conflict, foretelling slaughter and rejoicing over the slain; in translation literature usually equated with the Furies. Machae .i. b.¤ nō asī an tres morrīgan, O'Mulc. 813. Nemain Danand B.¤ is Macha/Morrígu . . ./ bantuathecha Tuathe De Danand, LL 16541. cu cuala ní in boidb dinib collaib, LU 4937. ind Neamain (.i. in B.), TBC-LL¹ 2444. atcithea in b.¤ catha gach n-aidhchi (= Erinnys), CCath. 902. an b.¤ . . . .i. Tisipone, TTebe 4313 . cru fechto .i. b.¤ , Corm. Y 308. Cf. O'Dav. 375. teathra .i. badhb, no feanóg, O'Cl. badhbh, fíach garbh, préachan ingneach, Eg. Gl. 59. ? cro tria rinne bodhbh mos linge, AFM i 302.x . co ṅgés b.¤ dia burd dia blai (of a shield), LL 18398. tanac-sa im baidb buaidertha co tech m'athar (because bringing tidings of slaughter ?), TTebe 1899 . loch na baidbe (also referred to as a `péist'), BNnÉ 135. 15 .

Of leucistic ravens : atractatar badba bána béllethna osa cennaib, LL iv 32510 . grēchfaitit badba bānæ, BDC 124 .314 .

Of humans, with negative connotations: Imdai na mBadb. Atconnarc triar nocht hi cléthi, LU 7653 . do éirgitar teóra hingena … .i. trí badhba … ┐ trí hamaidi, Comp. CC 80 § 12 . a bhaidhbh! 'thou witch!', Atlantis iv 120.28 (of Aoife).

Of humans, with positive connotations: borb do bhualadh, a bhadhbh Cabha 'harsh your smiting, O scald-crow of Cabha', Giolla Brighde 116 § 31 . a bhadhbh Chruachan, DDána 84.3 (of a chief). ar ógbhaidhbh eich `young raven-like steed', Magauran 1252 . badhbh bionnchuain Bhreagh 'the warrior of the sweet shore of Breagha', Celtica xxvi 97 § 4 . níor shaor badhbh airmghéar Uisnigh | saighnéan na n-arm n-éachtaigh sin 'the flash of those deadly weapons did not save the sharp-weaponed hero of Uisneach', Celtica xxvi 101 § 27 .

Attrib. g s. in sense deadly, fatal, dangerous, ill-fated: badhba .i. túath, Ériu xiii 75 § 196. badhb .i. túath thire, O'Cl. crothsait cress ṁbodbae `ein Kriegsgedränge', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.24 . in t-indellchró bodba fer talman, LU 6410. na bairendlecca bodba (of stones used as missiles), TBC-LL¹ 4662. briathra baidhbhe . . . ┐ tuath-bhan-glór (i.e. words of ill-omen), MR 294.21 . ní mar bu baidhbi (i.e. dying kine), Leb. Cert. 46.9 .

Compds. Forming nn. pr. Badbchadh, MacCarthy 184 n. Bodbgal mc. Fergale, Ann. Inisf. A.D. 752 . In other compds. usually with meaning deadly, warlike, venomous: lucht onad buidi badbfiach, Rawl. 77a22 . in badblaech Berngal, LL 2365. do-chúatar huile i mbadbraind 'they all became the portion of crows', SR (Greene) 5400 . badbrí Cuicidh hErend huili, Auraic. 5167. Bruchst. i 7 § 7. badbruat[h]ar calma, Aen. 2855. oc toibeim for Láegairi don badbscel ro innis (false) tale of slaughter, LU 8939 (H, FB 70 ).

With adj. in bennfhata badbluath cetlong in betha .i. Argo, TTebe 1941 .

With adj. derived from noun: mna buaidirthi badbchaeintecha . . . na nGrec, TTebe 4777 . See also s.v. badbda.

baíde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. baíde or dil.ie/5170

 

Forms: boíde, búide

n , f. (baíd) also boíde, búide

(a) affection, tenderness, attachment: ar boídi a athar his father was so attached (to him), Trip.² 1612 (baíde, v.l.) cennsu . . . ┐ trōcaire ┐ bāidhe, Otia ii 96.21 . buide na trocaire `kindness', Aen. 837. dosrat cen baide fomnad / fo dóire, SR 5281. mo heich, mo charpait, mo bāide do Mane, ZCP viii 305.5 = baede, Rawl. 138a28 . a Medb co mbaide (: rodaíne), LL 7137. a rí na baíde (: naíme), Metr. Dinds. iv 208.97 (baidheg, buidi , baighe, baide, v.ll.). ar do bāidhi, a bāidhathair / . . . / nīmreilce isin searbcarcair, Ériu iii 30 § 17. báidhe mor ┐ caer condailbhi ┐ gradh a n-athardha, CCath. 618. a bunad na huli buide, PH 162. breith le baidhe . . . la hua Domhnaill `a partial sentence for O'D.', AFM v 1282, n.g (cf. báid). baidhe no baoidhe .i. báoidheamhleacht no faidigheacht, O'Cl.

In phr. ell mbáide (see ell, 3 etal): ell mbáidhe ┐ condailbhe, TBC-LL¹ p. 429 n.6 . co ndēnaind ella bāide imme, Moling 39 .

do-gní b.¤ (FRI, IMM, AR) is kind (to), deals gently (with): is ris dorigni C.C. in mbáide, LU 368. nech . . . doneth bōidiu nō trōcuirie immum, Cáin Ad. 9. déna bóide ar do bidbaid, Ériu vi 114 § 4 (: noīme).

As quasi-vn. ic bāidhe immut caressing, fondling , Otia ii 96.1 . occ buidhe frisin náeidhin, Anecd. ii 17.22 .

(b) piety: an bhúidhe (= piedad), Desid. 6689. tré bhúidhe (one of the seven gifts of the Holy Ghost) bhímíd crāibhtheach ┐ umhal do Dhia, Parrth. Anma 3305. buidhe ┐ eagla an Tighearna = piety, Donlevy 238.17 . go buidhe, 420.3 . Cf. baíthe.

bechtaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bechtaigid or dil.ie/5537
Last Revised: 2013

 

v (becht): ro bechtaig (beartaig, v.l.) briathra co bind, RC xlvii 300.2 he enunciated (precisely) words (?) (cf. 2 bechtach). ? ón dáil buidi ros bechtaig, Celtica xvii 67 § 21 . Perh. read ros brechtaig.

bintén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bintén or dil.ie/5930

 

Forms: binntén, binntén, bindhean, bindén, bindean

n o, m. (binit). Also binntén.

(a) rennet, cheese-curds (?): [-]agulum .i. binntén , RC vii 96.10 . bindhean (leg. bindén, ed.) ` cheese-runnet ', Eg. Gl. 706. bindean (ben-dean) ` cheese, rennet', P. O'C.

(b) Name of plant producing rennet, appar. used to prepare dye, see Manners and Customs i ccccii , prob. = binit (b): snáth dearg, oland ḟind . . . / blaan buidi ┐ bindén, Leb. Cert.² 1683.

? blaán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? blaán or dil.ie/6005
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (2 blá) a plant from which a yellow dye was made, madder (?) Leb. Cert. 111 : snáth dearg ┐ glas ┐ oland ḟind ┐ b.¤ ┐ bindén, Leb. Cert.² 1623. blaan buidi ┐ bindén, 1683 .

1 boc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 boc or dil.ie/6217
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj o, ā (see GOI § 150 ). soft, gentle, tender: b.¤ gl. tenor (leg. tener, ed.), Ir. Gl. 1094. righti boga blaithghelai, TE 4 (Eg.). cóica ar cét bó mbocc (: -chnocc) `tender kine', Metr. Dinds. iii 166.5 . dod ghnúis bhuig (to Mary), Aithd. D. 97.16 . an bhaintreabhach bhog, Keat. Poems 1145. issin grinne buc barr-úr `soft' (of a bundle of wood), Metr. Dinds. ii 58.8 . na neithi maotha no boga (of foods), Reg. San. 28.27 . an oireamhuin d'aois bhoig, mhaoith na leanabh `to the tender age', Donlevy vi 3. Of sound: guth blasda bind b.¤ , BB 427a32 . as bind bocc síthamail tḟet (to a blackbird), LB 36 marg. sup. ( Bruchst. 66 § 151 ). a fhile bhuig, Oss. iv 8.27 . do-ghénsa marbhna mbláith mbuig, IGT Decl. ex. 152. (Of water, juice) tepid: fotrachad uisgi te, no buig, Rosa Angl. 58.23 . sug athar talman is e bog `warm', 158.10 .Of weather moist, `soft' : feadh sróllBhanbha na síon mbog `soft-weathered Banbha', Aithd. D. 34.10 . Of landscape, etc. marshy, boggy; soft, gentle: d'fhéinidh Bhóinne buige, Magauran 3553 . fri ráith mbuig mBrénainn (`fertile'), SG 65.5 . do dhénair bog é re ceathaibh, Psalms lxv 10. do chuin (= choin) chaomhanta an chláir bhuig `gentle', Ó Bruad. iii 202.10 . Of persons etc. generous: rath bog, MR 40.12 . ón lósa oighidh Bhriain bhuig `generous', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 170.3 . is ē mac na mbronnad mbog (of a prince), ZCP viii 228 § 21. bog fine Bréanainn im buaibh `lavish with', Magauran 153 . uair robsat boga . . . a brughadha, MR 102.21 . easy, lacking in severity: a riaghail ní bud róbhog (of a saint), SG 18.35 . i bpianuibh nach peannuid bhog, Aithd. D. 78.19 . beir-si oraind-ni breith mbuic (`a light judgment', Aithd. D. 70.30 ), ACL iii 243 § 30. (Of verse in an uncomplimentary sense) dán bog `free and easy verse', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 . rabhán gnáth briathra boga / nach beg a mbeith comfhoda `soft vocables' (i.e. with unstrict or faulty rime), O'Gr. Cat. 392.14. i ndán bhog `in a vulgar poem', Content. xxv 5. weak, foolish: a senchas cen baethrún ṁb.¤ , LL 26422. ní haigneadh bog, Aithd. D. 75.10 . In expressions of time easy, untroubled: secht. mbliadna bocca blaiti beoltoirteca, BB 238a45 (Scél SR). ri bliadain mbuic `for an easy year', Metr. Dinds. iii 310. 11 . In gramm. con(n)suin(e) boc (boctha) voiceless plosive: do-ní brígh connsuine bhuig don chonnsuine chrúaidh , IGT Introd. § 105 . connsuine crúaidh no bog , § 55 .

Equat. boigithir fri boigsibind for lār aba, TBC-I¹ 2367. Compar. nís buigi gl. mollior, Ir. Gl. 1119. bá buige a fhocail ná ola = softer than oil, Psalms 1v 21 . ca maith as buga bronntar, Hy Fiach. 296.2 . As superl. ní hann as bhuga (: dtuga) an bhreath, DDána 3.34 . drem as buga buan bhronnadh, Hy Fiach. 224.10 .

In n.loc. mag mbogc, BB 399b5 = Mag mBolg, Metr. Dinds. iv 90.23 .

Compds. With nouns: cona mbrotharcertib bocbrechtāin, `soft custard' (s. curds ?), MacCongl. 91.9 . bogfhuil Bríain generous blood, O'R. Poems 2377. a bhoglaomscaire re brugadaib `indulgent liberality', Caithr. Thoirdh. 34.27 . bocmaerdachd banamail ina glór `gentle dignity' (Gloss.), BDD² 39. re bogmalldacht a banchuire `mild bashfulness', MR 102.19 . See boicṡimin. ag bruithion ná ag boigṡín `wet weather', Ériu ix 163 § 7. ni boi tra arm la Hiruath . . . acht boc-shlaitt moir a big pliant switch, PH 850. a bocc-thairisem in chrais O feeble resistance to gluttony, YBL 162b30 . boigtheith = luke-warm , Rev. iii 16 (1810) . na bocctonna the yielding waves, BB 240b39 .

With adjj.: folt . . . fororda 'sé buidi boccálaind soft and beautiful, Acall. 381. bliadain do Lorcan na lloṅg / diamair is bocban a band, LL 4333. bogchroidhtheach = tender-hearted , 2 Chron. xiii 7. bog-chroidheach, sochróidheach, Eg. Gl. 77. gan do cheimniughadh do bheith eadtrom na bogcuisech (= levis, mollis . . .), ITS xxix 138.31 . See bocaes, bocaised, bocás, bocásach. bocdālach ratha in rī rēidh, ZCP viii 228 § 22. co C. meann mbocḟoclach of weak speech (?), Anecd. i 33 § 63. ionnlach na mbalg mboig-ghéar bhfis, Content. xxv 13. gabor bocglas light-grey horse, TBFr. 28. tre san mBanba mboigimlig B. of the marshy bottomlands, Manners and Customs iii 273 note . bean bhogamh (-omh) dá déinimh dhí (of Éire), A. Ó Dálaigh liii 6 . Cf. a Bhanba bhog-omh tender and bleeding . . . B., Keat. Poems 1349. brat . . . bruachbrisdi bogsnaithech uimpi made of poor thread, RC xxi 396.9 .

With vb. and vn. roboccbertaich in sleig rindger (= librabat, Theb. vii 676 ) `shook and brandisched', TTebe 2848 . tug se bogbertugudh air a medhon a iarnaigh shook himself slightly (of miraculous falling-off of fetters), ZCP vi 287.9 (see bocad).

búaball

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búaball or dil.ie/7185
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: búabhal

n o, m. (Lat. bubalus, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 207 ).

(a) wild ox, auroch Ériu xliv 81 : benna búabaill, Ériu iv 102 § 45. a beann bláthmhor duire bhúabhall, Duan. F. ii 370 § 2. gleann . . . na mbuabhall mbeannach, Measgra D. 43.4 . onocorn . . . clúmh buabhuill lais, Marco P. 162. bionngháir ag buabhallaibh, DDána 70.15 .

Extended applications. horn, trumpet, bugle (cf. 1 adarc): tucc . . . builli . . . furan mbarr mbuabuill, ZCP vi 32.28 . Fig. an barr buabhaill bladhmainn boastful trumpeting, TSh. 8732.

benn búabaill

(i) drinking-horn: fo bennaib buaball ic fleid, LL 17174. etrocht bas fo beind mbuabaild, IT iii 19 § 54. trī chēt do beannaibh būabaill, / trī chēt cupa, ZCP viii 230 § 20. See also s. benn.

(ii) = barr búabaill: fá fhoghair na binne buadhbhaill, ITS i 128.17 . searbhghlaodhach a mbeann mbuabhall, TD 4.32 . do lucht stoc ┐ bheann mbuabholl, Desid. 70.

Note further: bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. cuirnd buabhaill (in a list of valuables of foreign origin), O'Dav. 1051 ( Laws v 220.23 Comm. ). bleda comardaigtir re cornaib buaball, Laws v 408.20 Comm. go gcloich buabhaill, go mbuilg sréin, DDána 119.29 `the goblet jewel (?),' Ir. Monthly, 1923, 643 .

(b) Hence b.¤ horn, drinking-horn; bugle, etc.: buabhall .i. beanna no adharca, O'Cl. i lith bua[bhall], LL 4246. B. na mbūaball, ZCP viii 266 § 33. a lind buidi buaball, IT iii 73 § 30 . 0 ag ól buabhall is bleidhe, DDána 77.23 . do sheinn buabhull eboire, BLism. 105 rb 12 . búabhal, the Cornet , Eg. Gl. 74 ( Dan. iii 5 , 1 Chron. xv 28 ). Fig. 'na buabhall bhinnghlorach ag teagasg . . . na gcriosduidhe, ZCP iv 448.13 . By transf. bugle-call: an tan sinnfídhear an buabhall anbhuaineach úd ar sdoc Mīchíl: Surgite, mortui, etc. , Parrth. Anma 1844.

(c) Various: buabhaill shréin ` bridle-bells ', Magauran 378 . búabhall idhe óir, IGT Decl. ex. 306. macaoimh fa bhrainibh buabhall, DDána 85.43 `by the edge of the ale-vats', Ir. Monthly 1919, 106 . mar chaoin mbuabhall, DDána 119.36 .

(d) As plant-name, see s. búathfallán.

Compds. With noun: meic Eirc meic Buabalchind (.i. cendmar e), LL 318a21 . With adj.: scíath . . . ṁbuabalcháin, TBC-LL¹ 3738.

pn In pseudonym: o atbath Bel Búabaill, LL 4233.

budai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. budai or dil.ie/7319

 

n perh. metri gratia for buidi (2 buide): Dui Teṅga Umai / no thennad b.¤ do bard recited thanks (?), LL 17062 ( dob ard, RC xlvii 306.8 ) = buídhi (: uimhi), Nat. Lib. MS. G 3, 9b17 .

1 buide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 buide or dil.ie/7347

 

Forms: buidhe

adj io, iā yellow: b.¤ gl. flauus, Sg. 14a10 . hoc flauum. buidhe , Ir. Gl. 803. buidi no donna gl. c(o)erea pruna, Sg. 61b10 . in chorcur b.¤ (buicle, MS.) ref. to porpora), Tur. 115. mess crāibe b.¤ , ACL iii 238 § 9. le croicinn an ubhaill buidhe, Reg. San. 21.17 . a caisi buidi , Corm. Y 1091 (see cáise). buiden na mbarr ṁbudi, LL 16505 ( RC xlvii 291 ). d'ór buidi , Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 5 . Slicht Libair Budi Slani, LU 3220. [lebor] b.¤ leacain, YBL 6 marg. inf. sean leighedh in lepuir buidhe, Laws ii 132.y Comm. rinn . . . buidhe (of a bird), MacCarthy 136.14 . mís buidhi ` August ', Leb. Cert. 120.11 . see boidmís ? supra. galar buidhe jaundice , O'Gr. Cat. 199.1 (see below).

Freq. in vague sense with bith, etc. ri dorósat bith ṁbuidi, SR 7513. in bith bleidech b.¤ , MR 52.15 . Cf. ríge Breg mbude, LU 3735 ( SCC 33 ). co bráth mb.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 318.15 . din Bruig budi brass, LL 29539 ( Ériu vii 223 § 32 , cf. Misc. Hib. 38 ).

Equat. buidithir ór rind a fīaclae, Corm. Y 1059 (91.18) . buididir bronnór, Ériu iv 94 § 13. Compar. budiu na mess cumra a cúl, LL 37758. As subst. (treated as f., SG 21.21 infra) yellowness, yellow hue; a thing characterised by yellow colour: cho buidhi bos, MacCarthy 120.15 . go tainig in buidi tar in gréin, ZCP x 303.6 . Of flowers: barrān budi `die Blüte des Gelbkrauts', Festschr. Stokes 3 § 3 ` buttercup ', Contribb. 287. lir . . . budi for Bregmaig, LL 13954. fo barraib scot is buideí, ZCP xiii 260.2 . samalta leam fri hōrsnāth . . . nō re buidi mbech (of hair) honey (?), pollen (?), TBC-I¹ 2568. an b.¤ a yellow (horse), Celtica ii 54.131 . In n. loc. Buidhi an Bheithe, AFM ii 1000.16 .

Freq. in name of the epidemic called in b.¤ chon(n)aill (second word us. printed with cap. C- as if n. pr., but orig. gs. of condall, see BCC 75 (62.9) cited s. connlach; identified as relapsing fever (with accompanying jaundice) , W. P. MacArthur, Ir. Hist. Stud. vi 173 f . in chron chonaill .i. in b.¤ chonaill, AU i 54.19 = mortalitas magna, 50.22 . Cf. crom (= crón) Connaill .i. plaga magna , Ann. Inisf. 551. Budi Conayll = infirmitas quae yctericia uocatur, V. SS. Hib. ii 113. teidm mór doratad for firu Hérenn .i. in Bude Conaill, Thes. ii 299.1 (Hy. i Pref.). in B.¤ Condaill, 298.19 . in B.¤ Connaill gl. re chuairt duinebad, Laws i 50.18 Comm. do'n Buidhi Connaill, MacCarthy 402.6 . do cur na b.¤ for cúl, SG 21.21 .

Compds. On elision of -e before vowels see IGT Introd. § 94 (which cites budhúaine, bodhabhla, with -gh- for -dh- in MS.). With noun: a buidhedhlaoi, Hackett ix 5 . buideréid . . . mōel a cend uile . . . co mmbī glēlomm i.e. complete baldness, Corm. Y 1091 = buide reid, Corm. 39 (cf. buiderad ?). With adjj. buide-chas, BDD² 1023. buidic[h]orcrai, 1124 . With adj. derived from noun: lāma . . . buidh'-ingnecha, ML² 1594.

2 buide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 buide or dil.ie/7348

 

Forms: boide

n , f. Cf. g s. boide, Wb. 27c2 . See O'Mulc. 171. good-will (O'Rahilly, ZCP xvii 206 ), favour, gratification, gratitude, thanks .

(a) With FRI thanks (are due) to: ni b.¤ fris is corp do gl. qui suam uxorem dilegit, sé ipsum dilegit, Wb. 22c15 `no thanks to him', O'Rah. . is b.¤ linn frib gl. rogamus uos, Wb. 25a39 `we deem it a favour on your part', O'Rah. . nī b.¤ frit ōn, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 38 `no thanks to thee', O'Rah. . fil dune / rismad bude lem diuderc, LU 515 (ACC) `on whom I should gladly gaze', Murphy Lyrics 54 . nī b.¤ frit, Sc.M² 14 (ni tuilli buidhe frit, v.l. recte ?). re Dia a bhuidhe `thank God', Content. viii 27. ar dia nime, ┐ ar b.¤, ┐ ar troigi rib `for kindness' sake', Aen. 148.

(b) With LA (is) grateful, gratified, glad: b.¤ lesom taidbse neich immeforlaing du dia gl. inpleri optans quae ostensa laetatur, Ml. 90b14 . bid b.¤ lais dīa n-ērnaba he'll be glad (lucky ?) to escape, MacCongl. 5.10 . co mbudh b.¤ lassna Grecu comaissecc do denam, ZCP xxx 54.387 . is buidi lend thank-you , Anecd. i 5.3 (SCano 119). súaill inní as b.¤ le bocht a poor man is grateful for a little, ZCP vii 268 § 6 = ri bocht, Ériu ix 47 § 21. f[ā] b.¤ leis na trī berta . . . do dhēnum ar C., ML² 1122.

(c) Other uses with prepp.: ach, a luin, is b.¤ duit it is well for you, Bruchst. 66 § 151. cia d'ar bhuidhe thú ? to whom wert thou thankful ? Ériu i 94 § 49. ní buidhe mhé d'fir in tighi, O'Gr. Cat. 115.11. ar Mhuire bíodh a bhuidhe, DDána 18a.5 .

(d) With beirid thanks: ní frit-sa bērtar a buidhi `no thanks to you', Fianaig. 92.3 . is bretti a b.¤ diar mblaid `thanks should be paid for our report', Metr. Dinds. iii 264.3 . beir b.¤ n-anacuil. —t'ōgrīar give something in return for your life. — Anything you like, Sc.M² 20 v.l. (emde, text). is frib berim a b.¤ gacha maithiusa, CCath. 5034. ní ribh bheireas a bhuidhe it is not you he thanks for it, Dán Dé vii 20 , cf. TD 10.21 . beirthe dhaoibh a bhuidhe a bhreith, DDána 17.17 . do Día berim a b.¤ , Ériu ii 170.90 .

(e) Various: ? fo cháinb. na ndroṅg ṅdál (: oenṡuidi), SR 6055. rí mac raith nambuidhe, IT iii 86 § 87. ferr buidi inā dīgbāl satisfaction (?), ZCP vi 261.6 ( Anecd. iii 19.15 ). macc umalóti ┐ erlatad b.¤ dó (sic) Dia `a son of . . . ready obedience to God', PH 4204 (text ?). mór a bhuidhe mé' n-a múr `great were the favour for me to be in her house', Dán Dé ii 12 .

Cf. sub ad-tluichethar, attlugud, do-slí, tuillem.

caiclámach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caiclámach or dil.ie/7680

 

adj (cóic + lámach ?): bratt buide c.¤ imme, TBC-LL¹ 5260 (coecl. `of the breadth of five hands (?)', TBC St. 4337 and Gloss.) = brat buidi co nechlaim gil i faithi imbi, TBC-I¹ 3200 .

cáise

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáise or dil.ie/7964

 

adj io, m. (Lat. caseus) cheese : caisi ab eo quod est caseus, Corm. Y 312 . in case gl. casseum, Ml. 84b6 . biad . . . cosmail do chássi (chasiu, v.l.) nó tháth, RC ix 490.13 ( LU 1816 ) = dobert doib an ingen chaisse / sasadh sognas, Anecd. i 60 § 84 . ūaitne . . . sench.¤ , MacCongl. 37.18 . do mhoethail no do chaisse, Rule of Tallaght 4 . in filet uigi no cáissi lib?, Todd Nenn. 53.4 ( LB 136a17 ). sechnadh cáisi antan sin, Reg. San. 27.20 . praisech, pis, caisi (in list of melancholic foods), Rosa Angl. 206.2 . mil, ┐ im, . . . ┐ c.¤ , 2 Samuel xvii 29 .

Cf. a caisi buidi a mullach amail sāil duine tria assa (of baldness of the head), Corm. Y 1091 .

copchaille

Cite this: eDIL s.v. copchaille or dil.ie/12398

 

n (copp + 1 caille) head-veil, coif : do foraithmet in ch.¤ boi im chend Crist ina ádnocul `coif', ZCP xvii 230.3 = in capchaille, Laud 610, 28a1 cited Contribb. 485 . in copchálli .i. breit, ZCP xvii 230.8 . cona c.¤ gaile fo cend, MacCongl. 122.35 . in copcaille buidi fuil im cheand for mathar, BB 299b18 . meli[s] .i. copcailli, Corm. Y 953 . mele .i. c.¤, calladha, no bréide bhíde ar cheannaibh ban, O'Cl. Cf. coipe .i. caille dub [ut est] mac cope .i. do nither re mac caille, O'Dav. 415 .

cromm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cromm or dil.ie/13103
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cromb

adj o, ā (AS crumb, Ling. Val. Ir. Ann. 127 ). Earlier cromb. bent, stooped, crooked : ba cromb (crumb, v.l.) (of stake), Trip.² 1735 . a bárca ┐ a churaig croma, Airne F. 248 . fon Chernai chruim chétaig `stooping home of hundreds', Metr. Dinds. iv 208.79 . o Muir Caisp cruim `crooked', Leb. Gab.(i) 16.19 . ata se crom ar cclaonadh (a flag), Cog. 262.8 . da ngadhraib croma ceólbinne, Fianaig. 64.8 . asa fiaclaib croma, TTebe 871 . Of person, body, head: in corp crum, ACL iii 239 § 32 . macc Endai Cruimb, Trip.² 1465 . a duni chruimm, LL 34878 ( MU² 420 ). bat crín is bat croma, ZCP viii 111.2 . siat croma ┐ a lama ar lár, Cog. 82.6 . a cind cromma, PH 583 . do shiubhail sé maille réna cheann crom = demisso capite, TSh. 8374 . As pn sobriquet: Colum Crom, LL 353a64 . Of trees, etc.: c.¤ barr cráeb, LL 12851 . crainn chroma, Ériu xvi 146.22 . crom feda déin dris `tenter-hook among woods', SG 245.30 . mar lomán gcrom, DDána 56.7 . Adv. conguimh do cheann go crom, Mac Aingil 3434 .

As subst.: aroli do dallaib, aroli do chromaib, PH 2592 . As n. pr. Crom Deroil, LL 34871 ( MU² 409 ). i n-Eathais Cruim, Gorm. Jan. 24 n. 2 . mic Cruim, Ó Bruad. iii 32.8 . As name of pagan idol: ba hé a ndía / in C. crín, Metr. Dinds. iv 18.10 . ri[g]idal Erenn .i. Crom Croich, Dinds. 85 . Cromm Crúaich, Metr. Dinds. iv 18.3 . aidhche domhnaigh Cromm Duibh (eve of last Sunday of Summer, note), AFM ii 1004.6 = i n-Aine domnaigh Cruim-Duba[i]n, AU ii 96.1 . mortalitas magna . . . .i. an Crom Conaill .i. in buidi Conaill, CS 50.5 and note. Ann. Inisf. 551 = tarla pláigh . . . dá ngairthí an Chrom Chonaill, Keat. iii 860 . ba hí an phláigh ishin .i. an Chrom Chonnaill ro bhái ag forbhaisi forra, Misc. Hag. Hib. 18.27 . co nacatar saighnen tenedh . . . ┐ tuitidh arin cCruim cCuinnill (a monster ?), 19.7 . See 1 buide, crón. ? ni bia tegh fo croma / cen buar loma lindglain, Anecd. ii 41 § 13 (perh. form of cruimme). In name of a category of poet, cromm lúatha : ocht ndáorbhaird cédamus ... crom luatha, UR 50.3 . cromm luatha .i. acoini huassin tenid, UR 51 n.

Compds. With nouns: crombeol gl. gernonum, Ir. Gl. 708 . na cléirigh na croimcinn clerics with bowed heads, Anecd. ii 40 § 6 . cromcind ataconnacsa, LL 38108 ( SG 367.13 ). daíne cromcenna, 38556 ( SG 376.31 ). Caírbri Cromchenn, Cóir Anm. 57 . a chrand cromchend (Patrick's crook), Trip.² 341 . See Ériu xiii 140 , Celtica i 347 . ced ros cna co cromchoscrad with prostrating slaughter, LL 3456 . goll mena mun cromghabhair, IT iii 89 § 115 . in tōebfodai tanaidi cromdercc squinting , ZCP ix 451.9 . ar cromluamain tria chorp, BLism. 172vb4 . a Cill Chromghlaisi of the winding stream, Cóir Anm. 49 . M. na cromluing, BCC 424.3 . curach cromluith, Anecd. i 56 § 49 . cromrosc odarda, TBC-I¹ 3233 . cromrosg .i. gormrosg .i. súile gorma no glasa, O'Cl. i n-a c[h]romruathar c[h]urad, ML² 277 . imma chromscíath ndubderg, LU 6430 (TBC). croimsgiath, no cuairsgíath .i. sgiath cham, O'Cl. biait do gabail i cromsesam, Ériu xix 62 § 23 . do chasadar na cromsróna cuasleathna, CF² 287 . Nestor .i. fer ardmór crom[ṡ]ron hook-nosed , BB 427b42 . croims(h)déad, O'Hara 3052 (see n.). a ccrom-stuagh ccrann-ramhar, CRR² 29 (84.20) . On n. loc. Cromad (áth) see O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 176 - 7 .

With adjj.: mac an Chosccraigh, an Crom-bán (as subst.), BNnÉ 254 § 211 . carcair cromdaingen ` firm-vaulted ', Ériu iii 14 § 9 . crommdiriuch ind eochair, O'Mulc. 369 . teagh budh cromghlanbhuidhe cúil curving, bright and yellow, Bard. P. 20.23 . cret chréda chromglinne, LU 8671 . at shenoir chrin . . . cromliath, Acall. 3906 . salbard . . . srubard . . . cromluath (poet of a certain rank), O'Curry 239 - 40 ( H 3.18, 134 ). drisiuc ┐ cromluatha, IT iii 5.16 . cromm luatha .i. acoini huassin tenid, ACL i 160.19 . sron . . . croimremur, CCath. 4025 . With adjj. derived from nouns: in caman cromcennach cuill, ZCP vi 276.12 . go humhal croimcheandach, Parrth. Anma 4740 . corpa crom-chrothacha, Corp. Astron. 74.26 . críonarracht . . . croimshliastach, Oss. v 96.13 .

cruthaigtheóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cruthaigtheóir or dil.ie/13282

 

n etc. i, m. (cruthaigid) creator : a chruthóir chómhachtaigh, Timth. 1916, 39 § 33 . a chruithneoir ghil, Ó Bruad. iii 22.y . a Cruthaigtheoir na cethurdula, Grail 3758 . a molad a cruthaigtheora, Aisl. Tond. 103.14 . beirid a buidi re bar cruthaigtheoir, SG 40.23 .

1 daith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 daith or dil.ie/14319
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dath, doith, doich, doich

adj i, later also dath, doith, doich, i. Swift, nimble, prompt, active, ready . Rhymes with flaith, LL 128 b 8 , 131 b 39 (cf. ib. 16 a 46 ), Acall. 1431 ; with maith, BB 332 a 43 , BS 68. 2 . daith .i. ésgaidh no tapaidh no luath, O'Cl. doich .i. luath. go ngaisceadh dhoich .i. go ngaisceadh luath, ib. doith ┐ daith .i. ésgaidh, ib. mo churi robtar dathi, Imr. Brain ii 289 . daith bech buidi asa huaim, ACC 46 . túr daith for cach ceist foleith, SR 7844 . éraim ndaith, LL 131 b 39 . cen gním ṅdaith, 158 b 12 . cabair ndaith, Fianaig. 68. 10 . ainmne fri cech ndaidbre ndaith ZCP vii 498. 3 . oen bliadain déc daith, LL 128 b 8 . coeca dabach daith, KMMisc. 272 st 57 .—Especially of persons: in drúi daith, LL 197 a 2 . 137 a 32 . co Cerball daith, 201 b 24 . Dagda daith, 164 a 9 . ib. 16 a 46 . 140 b 47 . Fergus Dubdetach ba daith, Rawl. 156 b 37 . don tsluag détla daith, MR 234. 28 = BS 68. 2 . deoraid d.¤ , KMMisc. 266 st 31 . ní mé acht tuatha daithi aduaidh hé .i. na locha, Oss. v 74. 10 .—condal ndaith quick-growing rushes K. and H. st 22 . —ADV. co daith: leis rogæt co daith Eocho, LL 18 a 3 . muna maithi in dorn co daith, Acall. 1431 . diabul dingbad dín gu dath (: maith; daith leg.) BB 332 a 43 . gu daith is gu deglámaid, Ériu iv 118 . 18 . dom ṡoerad go d.¤ , KMMisc. 255 . SG 348. 12 ; 354. 29 . —COMP. daithiu: croch ninach Anissi co cléir báin ba daithiu, Fél. March 31 ( ZCP x 366 ). Dia dín as dathiu, SR 8074 . —COMPS. daith-beo: a dúilim domain daithbí, BB 392 b 26 . daith-chalma swift and valorous, vide dath- III. daith-nertach: ó ghein mic Dé daithnertaigh, AFM ii 958. 18 . Cf. dath-.—MOD. doich quick, swift, nimble, expeditious (also soon, early), pron. `doith'; the writing `doich' under the influence of moch (compar. moiche, pron. muithe). According to Dinneen (s.v. doich ) doich is used for moch in Waterford.—Cf. Seanchaint 223 (dheirigh tu ró-dho' indiubh; bíonn sé ag obair do' déanach).

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