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2 baire (?)

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in phr.: pare buíre, ZCP xxiv 135 = bairn buirn (MS bair– buir–) .i. certan for luamain, O'Gr. Cat. 91.4 .

? buir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? buir or dil.ie/7405

 

n a b.¤ ┐ a bloga ` shreds ', Todd Nenn. 214.2 . See bruar.

? búir

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ind co tres ṁBríain nád b.¤ dia mbá / adfes duib a n-aideda, LL 15784. Cf. búirithir, etc.

1 búirech

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adj = 1 búir(f)edach: ar búaib burechaib, LU 5440 (= TBC-I¹ 964 ). ni bi buirech (a cow), O'Curry 250 (H. 3.18, 145a). mad la buar buire, Laws iv 20.6 (b.¤ ` bellowing ', Celtica vi 235 ). buar mbuirech, ZCP xii 364.30 .

2 búirech

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x = 2 búir(f)edach: buireach in doimh, Duan. F. ii 180 § 8 .

búirechda

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x = 1 búir(f)edach: bron buir[echda] (buireacda, v.l.), TBC St. 4692.

1 búir(f)edach

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adj o, ā (búiriud, búirfid) bellowing, shouting, noisy: for broind búredaig, IT i 68.4 ( LMU 2 ). ar borg mbúireadach, BDD² 913 (see notes). as bith builech búiredach, 1012 . ingen Buirg báin búredaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 464.50 . brón buridach, TBC-LL¹ 5687. borb-slúag . . . búirfedach, MR 194.11 . búir(r)eadhach .i. borrágach .i. mórchathach, oir ionann āgh ┐ cath, ┐ as ionann borr ┐ mor, O'Cl.

As subst. béccaig ┐ búridaig ` shouters ', Metr. Dinds. iii 20.260 . in búridach Berna (a warrior), TBC-LL¹ 5419.

2 búir(f)edach

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n ā, f. (búiriud, búirfid) act of bellowing, shouting; noise: búridach na míled, TFerbe 334 ( LL 33739 ). búredach inna mbledmil, Ériu ii 138 § 132. fo banbaschaire ┐ búiredaig, LB 156a6 . do buiredhaigh . . . na corn, CCath. 5619. bennán . . . ac buiredhaig, Acall. 943. tri trom-gairi . . . buirfedaigi, MR 178.5 . amhuil búirfeadhach leomhuin, Proverbs xix 12.

comaccobor

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n (accobar) (carnal) desire, concupiscence: a n-uile c.¤ gl. omnem concupiscentiam, Wb. 3c25 . as peccad c.¤ gl. non concupisces, 22 . in rect comaccobuir file i mballaib caích do accobor pectho gl. peccati lex, 13d27 . tri chomaccubur ┐ peccad, Ml. 71c6 . comaccobra ┐ imraiti `desires and thoughts', 38a5 . du in ná diuailsife nech comaccobor na comeicniugud broit na bidh `where no eager desire or compulsion of raiment or food will degrade(?)', Ériu ii 144 § 161 . ? is deich setaib dirrenaiter side comaccobrui (leg. -buir) set la aithgin .i. samaisci seo `equally desirable "seds"', Laws v 412. 3 , 10 Comm. (see accobar).

2 ér-, ǽr-

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Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ærtheste, n-ærsu[a]c[u]buir, ǽr

an intens. particle, usually as pref.; also found alone in Ml, but probably not to be considered as an independent word ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii § 361 Anm.). very , used in Ml to render Lat. tam, per-: iarsind escumlúd ǽrfotu (gl. post tam longum degressum) Ml. 126b1 . induine n-ǽradblam (tam pronum) 53a23 . ol ata n-ǽrdru[a]ilidi (gl. quod tam corrupti sint) 76a4 . ǽrchomthaircidib (gl. tam conrogatis) 66d10 . With compar. : ni feil ní bed ærdasachtchu (gl. nihil tam insanum est) 60b2 . With adv. : ærtheste (gl. tam effuse) 58d10 . inn aéradblaim (gl. tam pronam) 53a22 . Before pref.: ǽrdegmainech (gl. tam beneficus) 71b15 . Cf. n-ærsu[a]c[u]buir (gl. quam...accep- tissimam) 67c8 .

ní ǽrmall roscribad, Thes., xxi (marg. note on Sg. 195b ). ér-ellam .i. adbul-ellam (gl. on: érlam, Hy i 46 ), Thes. ii 305.45 . Cf. assa érchain corann `whose crown is very fair' Fél. Nov. 25 . erchian ó ṡuidiu, Prol. 122 (gl. .i. adbulchian LB. Stowe Gl. 360 ). dícheltir inna láim nadbu érbec 'a spear-shaft in his hand that was not very small', Compert Mongáin 74 § 9 . in t-ǽr éradbul, LB 205a17 = Alex. 15 .

Alone (see above): gl. tam: ǽr, Ml. 55d12 . 58c8 . 101a14 . 124a4 , d16 . áer, 88d11 . ind ǽr (gl. tam [solide]) 115c5 . ǽr (per[pauci]) 117c1 . Cf. 1 ér.

for-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. for-beir or dil.ie/23374
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: forbiur, forbeir, -forbair, formberat, forberat, -foirpret, formberinn, forberad, forbered, forbartais, forbeir, forbéra, forbre, -foirbret, forbertais, forrubart, -forbart, fororbart, forbart, forrubartmar, forrubartatar, -forberther, forb(a)r-, foirpr-, forbiur

v O.Ir. forms: Pres. 1 s. forbiur, Sg. 173a1 . 3 s. forbeir, 32a1 . -forbair, O'Dav. 465 ( Ériu xii 200 ). 3 pl. formberat (rel.) Ml. 71c1 . forberat, SR 7275 . -foirpret Sg. 48b5 . impf. 1 s. formberinn, Ml. 88a10 . 3 s. forberad ib. forbered, LU 10641 . 3 pl. forbartais, SR 3680 . ipv. 2 s. forbeir, AM 2.12 . fut. 3 s. forbéra, LU 4257 . subj. pres. 3 s. forbre, Ériu iii 4.13 (`one would expect forroibrea,' Strachan ib. p. 5 n. f ). 3 pl. -foirbret, Ml. 27c6 . sec. fut. 3 pl. forbertais, SR 2807 pret. and perf. 3 s. forrubart, Ml. 33c10 : 64c7 . -forbart, SR 5721 may belong to another compd., see fúabair. fororbart LL 6b16 , Fél. Prol. 173 ( GOI § 529 ); ro forbart , LL 168b38 . 1 pl. forrubartmar, Ml. 102a1 . 3 pl. forrubartatar 101a10 . Pass. subj. pres. s. -forberther, Thes. ii 255.18 . Vn. forbart, q.v. In later Mid. Ir. treated as a weak simple vb., stem forb(a)r-, foirpr-.

(a) intrans. grows, increases (in size, quantity, number); in Glosses transl. Lat. crescere, adolescere, inolescere, exolere, pollucere: forbiur (gl. redoleo) Sg. 173a1 . O'Mulc. 637 (gl. glisco). amal formbeir et toirthigedar (fructificat et crescit) Wb. 26c3 . in silne nemda triasa forbair gort na n-irisech LB 257b40 ( Todd Lect. vi 25.9 ). forbrigh [ = -idh] an charrac conidh mor hí, RC x 88x (v.l. rofor buir ). feoil lenam dobertha di co raforbreg [ = ro forbred] co prap, Anecd. i 18 . ro fhás ┐ ro fhorbuir in righan co ro aibeil, Études Celt. i 79.9 . ro fhás ┐ ro fhorbreastair an ingen, ZCP xiii 199.9 . darorbair for cnāmaibh ēisc, Lism. L. 3827 (cf. rofhorbair ... co mor, in corresp. text, BNnÉ 77 § 147 ). intan ro orbair ┐ ro eirig a haeis, BB 236a36 . meni thairsed a marbad forbértaís na nathracha sain (= arforbertais, Dinds. 13 ) would have grown so much LL 159b45 . cia forbrid cia sergait in loch, Todd Todd Nenn. 194 . ar na ro foirbre in peccad aitherrach isin indsi seo, Laws i 12.30 Comm. ro ḟoirbriter ... ┐ ro métaighset na teinnte, RC xxv 392 § 8 . With cogn. acc.: in flesc maet[h] ... is suail for-bera forbeirt will have small growth ZCP xiii 264z . Rises (in value, rank, etc.): ma ḟorbera folud a thighe, combifolud mboairech, Críth G. 81 . a sētaib ... forberat fene ... otha isel co huasal (i.e. increase in value of honour-price), Laws iv 354.18 . foirbeir saeiri breatheamain ... corigi biatad dā fear dēg, v 90.30 . Increases in number, multiplies: (dialt:) is fotha ndeich, ┐ is ass forberat co forcend mbrechta i mbiat ocht ndiailt, Corm. Y 447 . ... ilar luba ... forberat uili immalle, SR 7275 . forbrid ┐ imdaigid (= crescite et multiplicamini) Rawl. 70b2 . fororbart a clandside ... obatar i mmílib LL 6b16 . ro forbredar ┐ ro imdaigedur na fir sin i n-ilmilib, Ériu viii 8 § 9 . no tigdis sluaig nuadh cacha bliadna cucu, co ro forbarsead ┐ go ro linsat o Inis T. co C., Todd Todd Nenn. 88 = ro forbriset, BB 210a23 . ro forbretar ... cuirp ┐ cinn ... i mmedhon in armaigh, CCath. 6032 . cech tinne no traeta mó sa mó no forbritis taris (of Israelites in Egypt) LB 117a8 = ro oirbridis, BB 239a45 (= in met fordingtis ... | forbartais, SR 3680 ). Increases (in wealth), prospers: sergait maíne in meic moir ... forbrid ... in ósar co mba saidbre he nā a athair, LB 158b9 ( ZCP xvii 230 ). forbeir a bfágoibh dia éis what he leaves behind prospers ZCP vii 269 § 16 . Grows i.e. comes into being: ró ḟorbratar tri hubla ... for barr na habla, ACL iii 322.27 . can forbeir coimaithces? `whence does co-tenancy arise?' Laws iv 68.19 (with gl.: can asa foirbre ib. 22 ). Trans. increases, makes greater (?): forbeir a gail ┐ a slaine, Dinds. 109 (= foirb-, BB 406a34 , but Ed. has forbraid a ghal, which seems intrans., Folklore iv 490 ). acht mad Mac Con ┐ Cairpre | ni ḟuil ar na fairpre a ḟeirg (: leirg), LL 146b31 `on whom he will not increase his anger' PRIA 1893-6, 542 § 15 . 'against whom he does not prepare his angry attack' Ériu xx 195 § 15 . Perhaps this belongs to ar-beir `uses, practices,' but possibly feirg is used for nom. (see also Ériu xx 200 ); see follg.

(b) sometimes almost = subsists: combo de forberedsi di bolod ... na lubi, LU 10641 (= do forbredsi, Ériu xii 156.5 ). Cf. (f) below.

(c) in follg. exx. folld. by a prep. the meaning seems waxes strong, stout, insolent (against): forbrid ar cách tria lunni | forbrid ar cach n-óen do gnáth | in rí co cuir bróen ar cách, LU 9705 ( ZCP iii 216 ). co forbart Dauid ... co leomain na lonnbága prevailed over (?) SR 5721 (= attacked ? cf. do-fúapair, -fúabair, -fóbair).

In: forbeir for nem, SR 2731 , `for' represents the inf. pron., see 2 for II.

(d) trans. outgrows; surpasses, prevails over: forbéra a bráithriu, LU 4257 ( SG 83 ). fuacht nā forbir loscath cold which no flame overcomes ZCP xii 296 § 7 . Cf. forrubart gl. torsit ZCP vii 482.2 ( Enchir. Aug. 75a ). increases, augments, makes grow : fasaich, forbeir fír 'announce, increase truth', AM 2.12 .

(e) in follg. exx. seems used for fúabair, fóbair: forforbairt Indech a bandāil ┐ ni forfaem Dúirgin dó sought to make a tryst Dinds. 24 . cach aen beres cocair cert | fortbeir bendacht easpoc Earc 'bishop E. confers a blessing on him' RC xvii 126 (perh. corrupt; the varr. are: fortraibh, AFM 512 . fodreith, LB 23 marg. inf.).

(f) confused with ar-beir (biuth)? forberat isnaib muirib i tāt, cu tochratar a mbiasta ┐ a bledmila for tire dia sāsad, Ériu ii 130 § 98 (they subsist?). Cf. (b) above.

tnúth, tnúd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tnúth, tnúd or dil.ie/41028

 

Forms: tnúith

ind o and u, m. , ā, f. tnúith, ā, f. IGT Decl. §§ 39 , 45 , 46 .

(a) rage, fury: bam tarb tnúith isna tressaib, TFerbe 647 .

(b) envy, jealousy: cóir are re dígail Dé | mairgc romídhair bid fa t[h]núth, BColm. 100.5 . cen mebail cen mélacht cen t.¤ , LU 2296 . bai t.¤ mór oc Mugaind for Mairind, 4222 . bá sa hairthiur fofertais a tnútha, Ériu iv 163.3 . taom tnútha, v 78.18 . dogabh t.¤ ┐ formad í, 78.13 . na dena tnuth re duine diabhlaidhi, 126 § 17 . nī theilce Ultu di thnuthaib tairperta tarcoba a gāri, TBC-I¹ 1015 . ragaid dála i tnutha, Eg. 88, fo. 21 (22)a ( O'Curry 2280 ). maith an locht airdríogh óige | t.¤ cáigh ris is romhóide, DDána 105.1 . ní thóigeba t.¤ aoinfhir ... th'oirdned orra mar airdríg, O'Gr. Cat. 470.19. teacht fa mhúith a muigh neamhdha | do mhuin tnúith ré a Thighearna, Dán Dé xiv 13 . síol nEabha ag toibhéim tré th.¤ , xxvi 26 . nar ghnáthaigh taom tnúidh, PBocht 5.56 . creud as tnuth ann ? Doilghes fa mhaith na comharsan, Luc. Fid. 154.16 . As quasi vn. act of envying: ag tnúith rem aithgin eile, 475.20 .

(c) desire, greed: indi bíte fri tnúith ┐ adellad ilsétchi, Mon. Tall. 132.1 . coimpleit dúinne gabhaidh greim | i n-aghaidh tnúidhe mar thuirmhim, Dán Dé xxiv 4 . tig dún ... | tnúdh ré séadaibh saoghalta, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 6. iongnadh ár dtnúith ris an olc, ITS xi 6 § 11 . Cf. trebad tnúith avaricious, stingy service: marbhnat Dé - ní treabhadh tnúidh | garmac dúinn é - dleaghar dhínn, Dán Dé xxvi.2 . ní [dhlé] a bhos treabhadh [an] tnúidh, PBocht 7.2 .

(d) affection, love: led dhíol as tuar tnúdha `by thy merits which stir my love' A. Ó Dálaigh iv 6. flaith corónta chosnus tnúdh `who wins devotion,' Studies 1919, 75 § 18 . is tusa ar tigernai-ne (sic leg.) tnuidh, IT iii 80 § 55 . cainnt chiúin, radharc tnúith, aghadhghnúis iongantach uain, Hackett xxxii 2 . ato im thost im thnúth, PRIA xix C 548 § 26.

(e) act of striving for, seeking: ni cluintear tnúdh le cor gcosgair, DDána 110.54 . tnúdh re t'uilli a n-imresnaibh | as rún duine deighmeisnigh, IGT Decl. ex. 386 . acht amáin go bfuigbe a fher tnútha dá thréinmilled, Caithr. Thoirdh. 59.13 . is fada mé a g-cúmhaidh gan t.¤ le téurma, Hard. ii 32.4 . As vn.: atáid mná moighe hEamhna ... ag tnúidh faghála a bhfaghthaoi, L. Cl. A. B. 208. 8 . síad ag t.¤ mar theguid d'fhoraois | agha torrcha ó dtuismhid laoigh, xxxviii 117 . díol airgid le búir ag tnúith le na g-carrdus, Poets and Poetry of Munster, 2nd Series (1860) 20.3 . Hence act of expecting, expectancy: hi cuis tnutha `in a state of expectation,' Rel. Celt. ii 270.37 . atá t.¤ agam nach sgaoilfidh aon don cheathrar sin iad, Oss. iii 96.16 .

(f) act of emulating, contending; emulation: oc t.¤ imon tigernus friu, LB 121b15 . roeirig tnuth ┐ trenchosnum eturu im rigi na Tebe, TTebe 141 . bai imchosnum ┐ tnuth mor eter B. ┐ F. desin, RC xxiv 180.10 . níor ghar tnúdh [rem] thighearna, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 11. déanam tnúdh re tréidhibh Eoin | do dhéinimh eoil dúnn 'n-a dhiaidh, PBocht 27.11 . níor comhainm ris nach cóir tnúith, DDána 91.41 . i gcleas tnútha, i lúth nó i lámhach, Hackett xl 241 . mór mo thnúith-se lem thoil féin | ó thanag tar tuinn n-aigéin, lxiii 1 .

Compds. ¤bara fierce rage: s a tnuthbhara ag Manaind min, BB 53a9 . ¤burach ? : coná ro sguirsed ... do'n tnuthburach trascartha tren-fher, MR 256.12 . ¤chomarthach eager (?) : rucsad sum da tren-redg ... t., MR 298.17 . ¤gail fierce valour: is tríath tailc tnuthgaile, LU 8960 ( FB 71 ). ¤gort field of contention: méad mo cheanfhaghla i dtnúthghort na togharma `in the Field of Summons' (i.e. at Judgment Day), Studies 1932, 577 § 12 . ¤greis act of contending furiously?: is é crīch a ríghbais | bith 'sa cath ag t. (: glúnglais), Fianaig. 82.6 . ¤mer of swift anger: ni dligh tarbh tnuth-mear trodach a thesargain, MR 122.8 .