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Bolg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Bolg or dil.ie/6350
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Bolga, Bulga, Bolga, Bulca, Builg, Bolg, Bolgthuath, Bolgraige, Builg

pn Bolga, Bulga in population and place-names, etc. Taken to mean `lightning' < Celt. *Bolgos; Bolga, Bulca `of the lightning' (?) < *Bolgios, and expld. as forms of a divine epithet, O'Rahilly, EIHM 51 f .; cf. `the goddess Bolga', Rhys, PBA vi 106 (1913) , iv 251 (1910) . For alternative explanations see infra.

In tribal and population names: genelach hūa mBuilc (mBuilg, Hūi Builg, v.ll.), Corp. Gen. 262. Fir B., Tuath B., name of a prehistoric or mythological people in Ireland, variously expld. F.B. = earlier Builg, a pluralized form of Bolg, a deity-name, were `in origin an offshoot of the Belgae,' O'Rahilly, loc. cit. 54 . Mac Neill, PRIA xxix C (1911) 81 - 82 and Pokorny, ZCP xi 189 f ., as also native writers of legendary history (but cf. Lec. 181va49 infra), refer F.B. to 1 bolg, Mac Neill regarding it as `an occupation-name' applied to pre-Goidelic tribes (= Bolgthuath, Bolgraige) meaning `people of leathern bags', later extended to the subjugated population in general, Pokorny as meaning `men of the skin bags ' (i.e. `boats made of hide'); Van Hamel, ZCP x 186 - 188 describing F.B. as mythological beings takes B.¤ as g p. of 2 bolg. From Celtic *bolg-/*belg- `the swollen, wrathful´ acc. to Carey, CMCS xvi 80-83 . Cf. B.¤ in nn. loc. infra. Fir Bolg im, rogabsat Manaind = Builc autem cum suis tenuit Euboniam insulam, LBretnach 13 . for tuaith mBolc, ZCP xiv 174.4 . tuatha Dē . . . / im thuaith mBolc bāigsit rīge, 176.1 . for Feraib B. (: hanord), Metr. Dinds. iii 170.1 . gnídís (sc. Fir B.) barca doibh dia mbolgaibh . . . do theacht i nErinn amal asbeart Cin Droma Snechta, ZCP x 186.15 (BB), cf. LL 652. fir i mbalggaib (: ardglain) ba mór nert, 960 . is airi asbeardda[i]s Fir Bolc immecurdis fir earann (ed. would read úir nÉrenn) i mbolcaib do reic fri Grecu . . . ar nathracha, Geneal. Tracts 197.13 . Specific and general signification of name F.B.: nach d'Feraib B. Gaileoin na Domhnannaigh . . . fír sin tra iarna slonnadh ghnethech. Gidhedh iarna slonnadh coitchenn, as ainm diles dona tri Tuathaibh remraite F. B., PRIA xxix C 82 n. 1. is aen-gabail iad (viz. Fir B. ┐ Gaileoin ┐ Fir Domnand) iar mbunudus, ITS xxxix 146 § 262 (Leb. Gab.) . Grec ┐ Laiden ┐ Bretnais ac Fearaib Bolc ┐ Belgaid acu i nErinn , Lec. 181va48 . Fir B. . . . ó na bolgaibh leathair do bhíodh aca 'san nGréig, Keat. i 194.5 .

In nn. pr. (see O'Rahilly, loc. cit. 43 f.): m. Ōengusa Builg, Corp. Gen. 262. dā mac Luigdech: Ōengus B. et Ōengus Dublesc, Rawl. 155b12 . Aed Bolgc, rí Duin Chermna, ACC 138.21 . tenid i rraith Aeda builc, AU i 94.6 . ingen d'Aed Builg (: chuirp) mac Ḟingin, LL 17149 ( RC xlvii 308.15 ). As n. pr. f.: Bolc Ban-bretnach . . . do Bhretnaibh, Cóir Anm. 54. Bolce banbretnach, Anecd. iii 57.5 . mathair Chuirc . . . / Bolga Manand Bret[n]ach brass, LL 17011 ( RC xlvii 304.22 ). ? Name of deity: M. Ailella Ērand Dé Bolgae, is é tōesech ar-ránic faga (m. Aililla De Bolga . . . rānic foga, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 376. 17 .

In nn. loc., see Hog. Onom. s.v. aithbe, cluain, dún, b.¤ , bolga, etc. O'Rahilly, loc. cit. 43-5, gives list of place-names containing B.¤ which he regards as g p. of Builg (= Fir B.); refd. to 2 b. by Van Hamel, ZCP x 187 and Contribb. 236. Belach Dúin B., RC xiii 66 § 67. Mag mB. (mbolga, v.l.) former name of Mag n-Ítha, Metr. Dinds. iv 90.23 .

see Hamp, Ériu xxiv 179 f. In phr. gae bolga, bulga , see gae, G 10.80 , `spear of Bulga ' (`or Bolga'), O'Rahilly, EIHM 51 , 52 , 61 ff., cf. Rhys, Trans. of the International Congress of the History of Religions, vol. ii 207, 1908 , cited by EIHM loc. cit. 55 ; `gapped spear', Contribb. 236 : referred to 1 bolg with meaning `Blasenspeer', Pokorny, ZCP xii 200. fichid Loch isind áth cosin gaí bolga, LU 6234 (TBC). eter . . . gai bolcai ┐ bai brasi (in list of Cú Chulainn's feats), 8443 ( FB 30 ). gai bolga, 9290 .

Compd. le Bolg-thuathaib Bagna denam a isdad, Hy Maine 90.13 . Cf. T[uatha] Bolgraighe ┐ clain Deguail (sc. athechthuatha) for Cenel Conaill, RC xx 338.13 . Bolgraidhe, 336.26 . Bolgraighe for críochaibh Conuill, Geneal. Tracts 77.3 .

2 brechtrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 brechtrad or dil.ie/6652

 

n m. (1 bricht? Perh. infl. by 1 brechtrad). spells, charms: bulga neimhe for na gnuisibh ro aorfadaois o acois ┐ o breachtradh an dána, ZCP x 278.3 . co mbrechtradh druadh ┐ idhal aincreidmech ina n-uamannaib `with spells of wizards . . . in their seams' (of banners), CCath. 4931. tria brechtradh druideachta `spells', Aen. 1460. tugadar breachtradh síthe uime `they cast a fairy spell upon him', ITS xxiv 86.6 .

1 caithid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caithid or dil.ie/7996

 

Forms: -chaithi, -caithe, -caith, caitheóchat, caithem, caitte, caithte

v 3 s. conj. -chaithi, Wb. 6c11 . -caithe, Mon. Tall. 145.20 . -caith, 146.9 . Cf. do-caithi. fut. 1 s. caitheóchat, De Contemptu 2718 .

(a) consumes, spends, uses . Of food and drink: dund óis nad chaithi cach tuari, Wb. 6c11 . mani chaithea. . . feoil ┐ saill, Mon. Tall. 51 . nochaithed ceathroimthi na bairgine, Anecd. i 7.26 ( SCano 225 ). ni caithfiter ni de `naught thereof shall be consumed', Fél. 54.30 . rī Cothail caithis proind, Ériu xviii 62 § 17 . co caithinn i n-ōen-adaig mo sháith, MacCongl. 25.y . uair bhar n-airighidh ro-caithsib, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 43.3 . da g[c]aithit in biad, Laws ii 34.21 Comm. acht nar caithid imarcraid (of cattle), iii 262.18 Comm. ro-chaithed praind, CRR 34.1 . roráidset nád caithfitis feis Temra, Ériu iv 126.3 . nochar chaith saith no séire, ZCP i 62.x . dia cathed nech . . . cid dig n-usci n-and, iii 206.8 . meinic do chaithsead a gcuid / do láimh abadh, Studies 1924, 241 § 3 . ad-chaith blod dib, E 3.29, 40 rb 42 . cor chaith corp Crist, Cog. 196.18 . rochaith comaind ┐ sacarbaigg do láim epscuip Erc. Ériu iv 160.22 . caith fo thrī'sa bliadain corp, ZCP vi 272 § 15 . ?Cf. corp De rocaithed dar ndīn (of consecrated wafer), vii 304 § 11 . Of clothing wears : cét rí ro chaith cetchorcair, LL 17782 . in t-etach ro caithedh ris, Laws i 218.23 Comm.

Of wealth, property etc., spends, enjoys: céin cor chaithsetar a feib, LU 2829 . na cathid uar seoid, TTebe 2236 . ni tú chaithfes iet (of kine), TBC St. 3638 . ri rochaitetur tuatha ┐ ecolsa . . . somaine `whose wealth was partaken of by . . .', Ann. Conn. 1224.2 . mas re hindliged . . . ro caithed iad (of church offerings), Laws v 122.22 Comm. a ghrás ní chaithfe `exhaust', Aithd. D. 96.21 . a lucht caithes in conāch, ACL iii 239 § 24 ( Aithd. D. 80 ).

Of time, span of life etc.: goro cathestar Moysi trian a æísi i clemnus in sacairt, Celtica iv 5.3 . ré buan ro-chaith in treb the, LB 124a39 . roschathetar na hosadha, LL 407b29 ( TTr. 2173 ). ro chathis do re, YBL 140a26 . reimis tri rig do rigaib Erind do chaith he reigned as long as, Lec. 188va34 . gur chaitheas urmhór m'aoise, Dán Dé xi 7 . an corp gur chaith a óige, xxi 8 . fearg ag Chríosd re cloinn Eabha / gur chaithsead cúig aimseara, xvii 28 . do chaith a ré, Rel. Celt. ii 218.27 . annsa mí sin do caith tu last month, O'Gr. Cat. 297.6 . Of enjoyment of office: ro chaithedar a com-f[h]laithes ar in c[h]ōrugad sin, ML² 1014 . is amlaid caithes C. a rige, TBC St. 766 . Of royal circuit: iss amlaid no caithed rí Temrach Erinn .i. a Temraig i lLaignib used to traverse, SG 80.y . ?Cf. tuath cach thire caithfed de `should be his', MR 132.11 .

With other objects: ar nā caite lés occae `that light might not be spent therein', Thes. ii 319.5 ( Hy. ii 55 ). mór n-amsach cóem roscathi `it spent the strength of many a . . . hireling', Metr. Dinds. iii 148.2 . comram dia chomramaib / Cerbaill rodoscaith `who achieved them', RC xxix 212 § 10 . éc roscaithi, LL 15812 . da chaith gach comhland gu ceill waged battles, Ériu x 87 § 97 . co ro caithe a lan-saire till he have exhausted his full privilege, Laws i 200.1 Comm. caithidh bur ccurpa do chosnamh bar nanma, bar nuaisli, ┐ bar nathardha, ZCP xiv 229.6 . ros-caith imghluaisecht mara . . . hi (an island), i 414.9 . ó chaithesdair an ghaeth a goil when the wind had spent its valour, ML 48.21 . do chaith cérd a chomhachta re dénamh an deighchríosa `exercised his best skill', Rel. Celt. ii 262.7 . caithid . . . / ar ḟeadh n-aonlaithe mh'anáir `exhaust their entertainment of me in one day', TD 15.12 . caithidh umhlacht, DDána 58.28 . caiter an féarsa-sa let this verse be used, O'Gr. Cat. 287.13 . déine aithrighe i n-am chóir / ós ann caithfidhe an cuspóir `achieve thy end', A. Ó Dálaigh xli 7 . Of lord consuming his food-rents etc.: cib ead caithes do biud, Laws v 520.10 Comm. cīos is cāin Ērenn re hedh / i ttír Conaill co caithfedh that for a time he might spend the tributes and taxes of Ireland in Tirconaill, ZCP viii 108.21 . Of territory dwells in, enjoys: ro catsetar crich Candan o chein lived in, BB 238b25 . mas e an ferann ro fagaib se, caithid an fine an ferann, O'Curry 2293 ( Eg. 88, 22(23)a ). caithid . . . / an chaithir do cheannchubhair, DDána 29.28 . ?Cf. ó chaitheadar tar fairrge go cian an táin (of the Irish chiefs who fled to Spain), Hackett² xlvii 11 .

(b) In phr. c.¤ x fri y treats y with x; spends, uses x against y: a c[h]uirp, notc[h]aith fri crābud `apply thyself to', ZCP vi 264 § 1 . ionnmhas Néill chaitheas re clú, Magauran 2035 . ní chaitheadh sé acht réidhe rinn, 4239 . red chosg níor chaitheamar dlús `I was not in earnest in chastising thee' (to body), Dán Dé xix 10 . Mac Muire dá gcaithe an chóir / re gach nduine, xxiii 39 . foirm do chunnraidh . . . / . . . caith rú `keep to the letter of the contract with them', Aithd. D. 31.19 . gul . . . / ná caith re breith chomhthruim Críosd, DDána 26.28 . caith rer ndaingin-dín duthracht `be jealous in my strong guarding', A. Ó Dálaigh xix 3 . bíodh go gcaithfidhe leighis . . . ris, Rial. S.F. 164 . With prep. AR: do chaith sé fhíoch ar t'aghaidh he spent his fury fighting you, Aithd. D. 8.42 . caith oram, a urla fhiar fix your choice on me, Dánta Gr. 11.33 .

(c) casts, hurls, throws (missile): ró chaith Cc. an gá bulga , TBC-LL¹ p. 565 n. an tonn do chaith Ó Cathail / rim `the wave which Cathal's descendant cast against me', Ériu iv 220.21 . gur chaith orchar ós íseal, Aithd. D. 23.32 . bogha as a gcaithtear croinn, Arch. Hib. i 86 § xii . do chaith an luáithred, 2 Kings xxiii 6 . Note also: caitheas O. léim, Oss. vi 98.17 . With prep. FRI, FOR, LA: do chaithedar . . . ilmilti do liagaibh . . . re hE., Stair Erc. 1549 . gur chaithis sleig form, Sc.M² 11 R.

(d) In pass. with ro is required, needed (lit. can be used?): rochatir . . . / óic is airm don immargail `gebraucht werden', TBC-LL¹ 512 = recaigter, TBC St. 421 . rocaiter a deg[fh]rithailem `he must be well served', MacCongl. 87.5 . ? a mian don cholainn caithtir the body must needs be gratified, Dán Dé vii 19 . Note also: gíd úathad lín in chaire / dochaitter menma aire it must be taken seriously, TBC-LL¹ 2358 . Later in somewhat difft. idiom (act. as well as pass.) in fut. and sec. fut. only is obliged, must : caithfead mo c[h]uid do c[h]aitheam[h] . . . an c[h]aitheachtain a p[h]earsa; l. denmhas neith aige acht ar da fhaistine, Bard. Synt. Tr. 44 . With follg. Vn. phrase or equivalent: adubairt . . . co caithfidis dul leis, ZCP vi 51.12 . go gcaithfedh dul, IT ii2 150.738 . caithfid a n-aisec ina shaegul, PH 7615 . fían Shaxan do ṡeachna . . . caithfead, Ériu ix 167 § 37 . go gcaithfidhe a rinn reimpi / maithmhighe ar gcinn choimirce, DDána 11.36 `the indulgence of my Protector must stretch forward to its utmost', Ir. Monthly 1930, 517 . caithfir in tír . . . d'faghbail, ZCP vi 80.21 . do caithfidhe . . . / bláth ar maithmhighe M., DDána 11.9 . túr an tighe / . . . do caithfidhe `that home should be striven for', Aithd. D. 89.40 . do chaithfeá-sa an tslighe-si uile do ghabháil, Desid. 604 . go gcaithfediss foighite do bheith aca, Fl. Earls 22.13 .

With difft. kind of object must have : do chaithfinn dom fheitheamh air / . . . lagthomhas meidhe Míchíl `I require . . . to have', PBocht 15.15 . caithfidh tú síth nach sáoile / do dhíth dáine a crú (gc.¤, ch.¤, v.ll.) an chíghe, IGT Decl. ex. 1267 . caithfed fesd aignedh airech / a mesg chaidrebh comhoidhech, ex. 831 . do chaithfinn m'aithne d'Íosa `I must have some warrant(?) for Him', Dán Dé i 2 .

(e) Of grinding weapons: Maine fer neimnech isé rodasinnsmasdair ┐ romheil (.i. rocaith no rolimadh), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 16.i .

Vn. caithem. Part. caitte. Vbl. of necess. caithte, DDána 21A.24 .

cumgae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cumgae or dil.ie/13837

 

Forms: cuimge, chuimge, chumga, chuimnge, chumnga, cumhainge, gcúingidhibh

n , f. (cumung). Also cuimge. in chuimge, chumga, chuimnge, chumnga, IGT Abstr. Nouns § 9 . cumhainge, Atlantis iv 192.36 . i gcúingidhibh , Ó Bruad. ii 282.2 .

(a) narrowness, straitness; narrow space, strait : cumce in taige, LU 9194 ( FB 92 ). bui do cumga in inaidh, CCath. 2611 . ro dlúta na drumchla ┐ cúimce thuas joints (`Gefüge'), Alex. 595 . doghni cath etirnaidi i cuimgib in tshlebhi `passes', Aen. 2798 . i ccumgaibh gacha conaire, TFrag. 36.5 . cumga chlebh ┐ mæs bronn, TBC-LL¹ p. 305 n. 6 . oireacht i ngach éinionadh / dá chumhga however narrow, DDána 120.16 . ag cor chuimhghe ar réidhi an raoin (: buighne) restricting, O'Hara 2412 . cuimhgi fherainn, Lism. L. 2888 . anna c[h]umga chniss close to him, ZCP xii 245 § 11 . cumga anala `shortness of breath', Rosa Angl. 24.11 .

(b) difficulty, strait, distress, etc.; parsimony . In O. Ir. glosses gl. angor: hi cumcai no in n-ecin, Tur. 134 . Ml. 33a12 . achumgai .i. á imneda, 19b16 . innacumcae, 19a12 . 20a5 . 39a8 . innac.¤ , 21c5 . a c.¤ , 31c12 . cid etir na cumcai, 18d24 . huana cumgaib gl. arctis, 41a7 . mór cumce i táusa, Fél. Ep. 385 . ar a burba . . . / is ar chumga a menmannraid, SR 6306 . truag a cumge [fora?] tír, / dogní sil meic n-Adaim and, LL 7474 . dā cenélach .lxx. do cuimgib na pīan isna ifernaib torments , Ériu ii 132 § 107 . atcota dāire cumca, Anecd. iii 12.5 . cechoen bís hicumca ┐ inguasacht, Three Hom. 84.23 . cumga gáise garga `strictness of harsh wisdom', Metr. Dinds. i 30.34 . conair chuimgi ┐ doirthe na Frigia a road for oppressing and enslaving Phrygia, Alex. 166 . ? im in manchuine ┐ im in mbiadh .i. ima cuimgi, Laws ii 274.17 Comm. ? scaraid bur cumga a n-am óil / a bulga óir re crann ciúil, IGT Abstr. Nouns 1005 . a mac ní riom chaithfe cuimhge `will not stint me', PBocht 4.26 . is truagh cumhga na degla, Smaointe B. Chr. 4452 . luach ara chreich gan cumhga / fúair C., BNnÉ 289.27 . masa dhith oir . . . fil fort doghebha gin chumca friut `without resistance' (without stint?), Marco P. 25 . lór a chumhga ibhid fíon very sparingly(?), Bard. Synt. Tr. 198.6 . cumga indtindi `oppression of mind', Rosa Angl. 70.6 . in cumga craitim, Grail 3766 (in cumgach credim, v.l.). go mbuí i ccumhga mhoir `reduced to great straits', AFM iii 756.8 .

dastaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dastaid or dil.ie/14722
Last Revised: 2013

 

v (probably a ghostword):ní rosribhlaingesdair C. beth ima brathbuilledhaib … Lóich Móir ┐ dastaidh (conattacht LL) in ga bulga ar Lægh, TBC-LL¹ p. 317 n. 1 ; ┐ d.¤ probably for ɔdasataid, RC xxxvii 21 (conasattaig): he asked L. for the ga bolga.

1 ed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ed or dil.ie/19657

 

Forms: ed, ed, é, ed

pron. 3 s. n. (In Mid. Ir. also occasionally sed. TBC-LL¹ 938 , 1057 . LL 264b30 , etc.) it: ed ōndī ass id, O'Mulc. 370 . For the typical usages of the independent pron. see under 1 é. After the disappearance of the neut. gender from the nominal decl., the pron. ed survived in various special usages, most of which can be exemplified in O. Ir. In certain of these usages ed is replaced by é in the later lang. (cf. 1 é IX). The principal types are shown below. In Old and Mid. Ir. ed is often found independently in virtual copula sentences, as: in gaisced gebes...? ed is it...? it (is) TBC-I¹ 562 . ed ad-fedem this we relate LL 184a29 ; also in the phrr. ed ón, ednonoín (see below); apart from these, and occasional inversions, it is always accompanied by the copula.

I ed is used in referring to a statement, proposition, fact, circumstance, order, etc.:

(a) retrospective: ni hed insin ro légsid in Evangelio (gl. qui dessensiones...praeter doctrinam quam uos dedicistis, faciunt) Wb. 7b23 . inn ed insin furuar dait? nate ní ed (ref. to verba delictorum meorum) Ml. 44b10 - 11 . requiren- tibus is ed insin namma di chanoi[n] forsa trachta á qui fructus 46c14 (cf. under II (c)). is hed ón dogníithsi (gl. frater cum fratre contendit) Wb. 9c15 . 10b9 . mostairchella sūil dar sodain, ol C. Is hed ōn atchiu, ol E., TBC-I¹ 1177 . do-rat ráthachas...na ticfad...et issed ón na ra chomaill LL 299b38 . Lism. L. 391 . níom díomsach...gidh eadh aigneadh aonduine, Content. viii 27 .

(b) anticipatory (the grammatical constr. is the same as in III below): ni hed not beir i nem, cia ba loingthech (gl. non est regnum Dei in esca et potu) Wb. 6c9 . is ed dugní iarum atluchedar buidi do Dia nammmá, Ml. 128c3 . TBC-I¹ 194 . is ed dos-gní torsech...can a ríg...eturru, TBC-LL¹ 5693 . ro bui telchomrac i Muidh L....is hed ro tinol ropo immned leo an aes pende do epiltin, Mon. Tall. § 73 . Esp. with verbs of thinking or saying: is ed durumenatarsom nad fess in gním, Ml. 80b10 . is ed as doig liun...bid exaggeranter duintad a n-emfases , 89d6 . combo hed domuined cāch combo ulc[h]a, TBC-I¹ 1644 . is eadh do measadh leo, dá dtéidís..., Keat. iii 3961 . is ed asberatsom is gau dúnni inna hí adfiadam, Ml. 93d14 . 95a5 . 106d3 . issed ra raidsetar combad é C., TBC-LL¹ 2920 . 4570 . is ed adfiadut eolaig...nat boi, etc. MacCongl. 47.23 . assedh adubairt, sgrib aibidil do, BCC § 59 . Regular with an anticipated clause of the type: tol Dé do dénum: is ed inchoisecht tri sodin, coic bliadni deac do thormuch for a saigul, Ml. 16c10 . na banscála do thidecht..., is ed dofornet sin...in eclais...do thidecht, PH 3460 . is ed fodera dam cend do thócbail .i. Cailte d'ḟaicsin, Acall. 3222 . is eadh do cinneadh leis na moghaibh an rí do mharbhadh, Keat. iii 2150 . 3052 . 4477 . is eadh is indéanta dhuit neart sluagh d'ḟágbháil, 3520 . comadh ed aderdáis airgne do denum, Fianaig. 70.27 . is eadh do mheasadar iad féin do ṡaoradh, Keat. iii 5736 . Cf. III (b).

II The pred., a subst. (m., f. or pl. or phr.), is placed first and ed takes its place after the copula:

(a) ed is followed by a subst. (in this type ed would be regular in O. Ir. when the subst. was itself neut.); sē deich issed ind árim sescat, SR 756 (though here we should perhaps take ind as = i n-, and mentally supply tiagat after the pron.; cf. 754 . In similar lines, however, we have isshi ind a., iss hé an a., 744 . 558 ). dā ḟer déc bássed a lín, TBC-LL¹ 2898 (= ba he a lin, TBC-I¹ 2161 . cf. sē cēt...ba hé a lín, SR 6276 ). trí catha ba headh a líon, Keat. iii 4871 (but: is é líon táinig rí L. ann naoi míle, 2293 et pass.; see III (a) below).

(b) ed is followed by a pronoun: almsa ar neamh acus neach faī | dlaī tar in tech is ed hí, ACL iii 236 § 8 . aoinchineadh dob eadh iaidséin, TD 32.11 .

(c) ed is followed by a rel. verb (a very common type): guidhe et tomoltód ar mbáis is hed dorigénsam, Wb. 14b26 (in resp. to: ceist cid dorigénsam). in digal dombeirsom is ed inchosaig a frecndarcus the punishment which He inflicts, it is that which indicates His presence Ml. 116d3 (cf. ind fithis tēte in peccad ishí tē[te] in pian, 28c19 ). datha na flesc cotagaib | hed nobid forsna huanaib, SR 2964 . tri deich...issed tiagait hi trichait, SR 748.764 . dá cét mbliadan... | is ed ropo slán d' Abíal, 1986 . LL 307b37 . an bél dūnta as eadh budh ḟearr, IGT, Decl. ex. 1285 . cin leagha... | trúagh más eadh fadera a dul, ex. 1138 . cf. TBC-LL¹ 5039 .

Freq. in partitive expressions: issed namā fil and dind ḟīn, TBC-I¹ 1578 . co torchair .l. leis...issed romarb don tṡluag, RC iii 181 . deich fir...iss ed gebus mo chell... | d'abbaib, Acall. 5435 . is edh do bhúi a tigh mu thigerna do chornnaibh: dá chornn déc, etc., 123 . Cf. Ml. 46c14 cited under I (a) above.

(d) The emphasised predicate is an adverbial phrase: feadh mh'aoise gidh eadh ro bheinn | 'gá díol, Dán Dé xv 2 ( YBL 371b ). gidh maith le fear fuair soirbheas | ar n-uair is eadh as aimhleas, vii 2 . ar iasacht is eadh dobhir | an domhan dona daoinibh, xxii 8 . isan tegh sin... isseadh rugadh ar Slānaightheōir, Fl. Earls 110.25 . an cethramadh bliadain dēg...issedh ro gairmedh airdespog don næm sin, 100.12 . deslām fris ba hed rusgapsat 162.6 .

III The copula + ed comes first, and the pred. is a subst. (m., f. or pl.) or phr.:

(a) ed is followed by a subst. (ed would be regular here in O. Ir. when the subst. was neut., in Middle Ir. the subst. after ed is occasionally fem. or masc., but instead of ed the masc. or fem. pron. becomes regular towards the modern period): bá sed a lín tanic, deich cét, etc. TBC-LL¹ 708 (but: is é lín luid, 99 ) ba sed a llín deich cét, etc. 169 . ba hedh a lín trí naenbar, Acall. 171 (but: iss é lín tangamar, 5665 . 6923 . Keat. iii 2291 , etc.; lín is in O.Ir. both m. and n. Wb. 29a17 ; cf. Ml. 17d6 ). ba sed in chomairle ra cruthaiged leo in bantrocht da lecud immach, TBC-LL¹ 1356 . 704 . is ed comairle doróni P. ro tinolait leis a milid, etc. TTr.² 1784 . bassed a n-anmand, M. ┐ E., LL 298a42 . 264b30 . Cf. conid ed andso anmanda na n-aband: Sas, etc. TBC-LL¹ 4214 = it hē a nanmandasid, Sas, etc. TBC-I¹ 2739 .

(b) ed is followed by a rel. verb: is ed as dulem dún do engnu in stoir, Ml. 14d7 . amal as n-ed as moam serc linnai adchotadsam triar saīthar saindiles sic is ed as moam serc la Dia maicc Israhél, 92c5 . 99b5 . issed dorochar leiss.... .i. dá Roth, dá Luan, etc. TBC-I¹ 1371 . as ed tucaisi let...breth soiscela, Laws i 8.2 . conid ed tra tanic ass fuil ┐ fín, PH 674 . is edh búi ann, torc, Acall. 1555 . issed is gnathḟocul ann `tarraid Aincél tú', 6214 . táncas .. dá ḟégad gá lín dobádar ┐ is edh dobádar, trí catha, 1782 . is eadh bhíos d' airdrígh É. | luighe an chiontaigh, TD 9.21 (v.l. asé). Cf. I (b).

In such exx. as the following, ed seems loosely substituted for a pronominal prep.: cid rot imluaid? iss ed rom imluaid d'ḟoglaim ḟessa, Acall. 3354 . 3900 (the form of the reply seems influenced by such a constr. as: is dō tānac, dot cobairsi, MacCongl. 116.3 . TBC-I¹ 1594 . Cf. V, VII below). Cf. Mon. Tall. § 73 , cited under I (b).

IV ed takes the place of an adj. or adjectival phrase, or a subst. used in a generic or adjectival sense, as pred. after the copula (cf. ni hed a mét as ned a sechmadachte creui intan mbís pro cresco acht ised in tain mbís pro uideo Sg. 182b3 ): dús ind fīrcomtúd acus mad ed ón whether it be true conversion, and if so Mon. Tall. § 56 . cōir...a uachtar, ┐ is ed cid a ichtar, Corm. Y 340 . manib orba cruib...he, uair massed unless it be o.c., for if it is Laws iv 44.26 Comm. in don fine iad no nach eadh, 288.9 Comm. in cétna duine doroine Dia...ba dia dheilbh... doforsat, ┐ robad ed in cland no genfed uadh mane tarmtheissed, Ériu ii 132.5 . is fer comlainn cet esiomh ┐ nocha n-edh misi, TBC-LL¹ 3884 (St.). is brég...┐ do rachainn da suidiugudh curob edh, ZCP vi 91.5 . ni sluag...sin, acht na daire...Da mbad ed iat cid fotera na carpait fothu? MU 20 = LL 264b43 . masa méth bid ed a mac, Acall. 3500 . gaelmar Muire, a Meic na hoighi | issed thusa o techt na cli Mary is akin (to us)...and so art Thou YBL 369a22 . masa bang í, gion gurb' eadh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1117 . damadh a tigh no creittea...do ticfatis..., uair nach edh, ni ticfat, Lism. L. 355 . ní leat an teagh... 'sní headh an chlann, Ir. Monthly 1922, 386 . ni follus an claechlod sin duinne mar as edh claechlod sholu[i]s an re as is the change of the moon's light Ir. Astr. Tr. 96.29 . ní romór as edh a n-innmhus, Maund. 264 . gurab ainm d'Éirinn .. Scotia amhail is eadh Hibernia , Keat. ii 5858 . ní headh d'ogham mur as eadh do gháoidheilg, mur so :— IGT, Introd. § 49 .

Hence ed is used with copula to assent to or deny a preceding proposition or question; this becomes a stereotyped form of affirmation or denial: ní tabraid luighe ar bith acht as edh nó ni hsedh yea or nay Maund. 264 . Luc. Fid. 100 . in cotlad do A. innosa? nad ed āmh, TBC-I¹ 2478 . mad maith let...tochailter in carnn anocht. ní hed, ar C., acht tochailter amairech hé, Acall. 2061 . in a[c] comed in topuir atai? is ead am, RC xxiv 196z . in a nUltaib is áil let ferann...? ní hed um, Acall. 5756 . crét dobeir cáí ort... ┐ in ac feicail in inaid a mbid Find? issed what makes thee grieve...and is it beholding the place where F. used to be? it is that 6537 . mairg duitsiu...masa rem ṡúlibse gebes ecla tú . ní hed deṡodain, ar in rí, LL 303b17 . an ar a thruaighe...? dobheirim briathar nach eadh, Keat. iii 970 . an dom bhreithse .. thángais? is eadh, 1931 . nach le cinneamhain theagṁhaid na huilc? ní headh, Parrth. Anma 71 . Luc. Fid. 36 . an eolach thusa orra? is eadh go deimhin, Each. Iol. 56.4 .

V ed is occasionally used somewhat like amhlaidh in Mod. Ir., in introducing an assertion: ind uair ro hairimthea a tseoid iss ed do bith lán machaire Maige F. aici, Acall. 5523 . iss ed do bíth ól tri nonbur...isin chuach sin, 6007 . cech urchar doberdis cuici is ed do thecmad ar cenn meic...do lucht in tsída, 1685 . Cf. sed ba cumma cū ┐ ech ┐ dune and, TBC-I¹ 2001 .

VI Adverbially with vb. of motion, anticipating the following route, destination, etc.: issed dolotar timchell nhErenn fo tuaith, Trip. 16.14 . is ed doch[u]atar iarum la toeb in trachta Lesbetai, TTr.² 574 . issed dochoid i tir Eogain, Trip. 150.19 ; 154.24 . TTr.² 233 . issed ruc a ech inní D. co tech a ingine, Metr. Dinds. iv 304 . TBC-LL¹ 6154 . AFM ii 1150.15 . An elliptical constr.? Cf. is ed didiu leth lotar...timcill Eirenn atuaidh, Lism. L. 138 .

VII In idiomatic use with impers. subst. verb: is hed dathar dún (gl. maledicimur quod speramus in Deum viuum) `therefore we are in evil plight' Wb. 28d4 . hore nopridchim dúibsi ished dathar dom, 21c9 . is hed romboth dom (eo quod habeam in corde vos...et in defensione) 23a24 . 5b31 . is hed inso romboth dossom (gl. cum gentibus edebat) 19a9 . Cf. ced taī doib, TBC-I¹ 410 . ni nach cin aile no taid dom (gl. ego ergo inimicus vobis factus sum, verum dicens vobis?) Wb. 19d26 , and see attá.

VIII ed is also used in the following phrases: cid (gid) ed though it be, yet, however, nevertheless: rosrengtha... a ḟogaimen fo chenn. ┐ cid ed ni rochotail yet he did not sleep TBC-I¹ 2512 . cid ed ōn, 177 . Cáin Ad. 6 . ní bái immarcraid neich dib ac áraile, acht cless in gæ bulga ac C. Cid ed ón ba conganchnessach F. na agid-side even as to that, F., on the other hand, was horn-skinned TBC-LL¹ 3009 . cid hed aman, SR 7254 . Cf. gidh eadh sin, Each. Iol. 48.26 . issé sin in tres inadh...narb áil liumsa do ḟeicsin... ┐ gid ed rachat letsa ann, Acall. 2092 . LL 295a42 . robámarne ar in comrac...co rabadur ar cuirp ina cró-lintib fola, ┐ cid ed tra is sinde fa trén issin chomrac, Acall. 6495 (ar ái tra v.l.). 7168 . díon ar ṡlógh é agus gidh eadh | ar brón, a Dhé, ní dídean GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 623 . 398 . cidh bé trath dogéntaidhisi seruis do Dia...co ngébthaidhi in talam. cid edh an fedh anfuidhi an[b]ar pecaib ni fuil ecla acainne romaib, Maund. 123 . tuc [an sagart] Crimthann mar ainm air... acus gedh eadh, docondcas do Dia...nar cnesda...an t-ainmsi do beith air, BCC § 53 . Adeir Sanderus, etc., gidh eadh ní fíor an ní-se adeir Sanderus, Keat. iii 14 . do chuir teachta uaidh...'ga iarraidh orra braighde do chur chuige. gidh eadh fá hí freagra Dh. ar na teachtaibh nach tiubhradh braighde dhóibh, 4400 . 3932 . = L. autem: atáid uamha ag na sionnchaibh..., gidh eadh, ní fhuil ionadh... ag Mac an duine ( Luc. Fid. ix 58 ), TSh. 8119 .

gi edh , YBL 353b23 . 359b44 . gi eadh, 355a28 .

See also Studies 1922, 410 . TD 1.8 . Keat. iii 220 . gidh eadh bhós, TD 8.38 ; 22.15 . gidh eadh, trá, 20.3 .

Sometimes in past tense, cérb' (gérb) ed: Dia etrumsa ┐ in t-anfíren, or C., ┐ gerb ead nir ḟác in baile, LB 273b29 = SG 53.26 . In: ní thiobhra an corp cead a mhúinte | a mhacnas orm gidh eadh raibh, Dán Dé xix 6 (= YBL 393b ), gidh eadh raibh is apparently subjunct. of: is eadh atá, cf. Dán Dé xv 2 , cited u. II (d) above (the MS. a macnas may also = i m.). cip (gip, gib) ed may be used in same sense as cibé (gebé): ciped mac díb nogabad gasced, TBC-LL¹ 1089 (v.l. cibe St); but the analysis is doubtful, cf. under 1 é II (b), and see attá, 1 is.

mas(s) (massu) ed if it is, if so, well then, therefore (freq. in narrative as well as in argumentative composition; cf. massu ed béso mó a fius dúibsi (gl. tanta passi estis sine causa? si tamen sine causa) Wb. 19b11 . and also Sg. 50b13 . 88.2 . 192b7 ): is bec linne...beith duitsiu i cléir chlerig . massed, bar in file, fácbam na clercho, LL 306a31 . M. ingen Aengusa rí Ulad do tsenmathairsiu... Mass ed is ó Ultaib...tucamarne in mire ata induind, Acall. 5754 . in a nUltaib is áil let ferann...ní hed um...Mass ed, ar F., rachatsa...co hE., 5757 . 7967 . Keat. iii 1510 . 4401 . féach, a léaghthóir, bíodh gurab ar sluagh B. do bhí M. ..., maseadh do bhí do cheilg idir sé féin is L., nach táinig, etc. 4476 . ii 3803 . 3862 .

mar bud ed as it were (ironical): an tí as ionnraic, mar budh eadh who pretends to be honest Dán Dé xxii 20 = YBL 401b6 .

ní ed a mét (gl. nec tantum, non tantum, non solum Ml. 112d2a . 121b16 . 122b15 . 145d4 . Wb. 23c7 ). ní ed nammá, noc(h)on ed nammá, later ní hed amáin (replaced again by ní hé amáin, see 1 é IX (b)); in tan doberdis desmeracht asin chanoin ba hoinlebor leo in tsaltair...┐ ni edh namma dana, nach maigin in-airimther, etc. Hib. Min. 2.58 . srian muinci dergóir fria graig | ocus nocon ed nammā | turid airgit... | iss ed fil is tig hi tā SCC 31 . fil secht flaithi for a bru | ┐ nochon ead namma | fuil secht mna cach enfir dib, etc. IT ii 182.221 . is ed atbeir conid rig... ┐ ni hed nama, acht michométaid ar sapóti-ne, PH 2587 . do léigcebur...ar talam dúinne, ó nach raibi Crist aca chosnam... ┐ ní hedh amáin acht do tidhlaicc duinne é ar son [b]ar pecaidh, Maund. 123 . PH 7337 . BCC § 84 . ni hed amain rocrochsabar hē, acht a bualad ┐ a fhanámut, PH 2934 . ni hedh amáin do cuir se a cosmailes re hE. é, act do chuir se...os a chend é, BCC § 50 . § 69 . § 72 . ní headh amháin do ghabhadar na sagairt...orra féin bheith umhal...acht fós do ghabhadar na heaspuig féin orra é, Keat. iii 1349 . adubairt...go tibrad se dósan é, ┐ nach edh amháin acht go tibradh se dō gach dáil, etc. BCC § 116 . § 132 . is córaide so do chreideamhain nach eadh amháin airdeaspog Mumhan ghairthear... d'airdeaspog Caisil, acht fós go ngairthear airdeaspog Leithe Mogha uile dhe, Keat. iii 316 . Cf. cid hed aman, SR 7254 . cid ed amáin da-neth...rapo lór..., LL 241b20 .

Similarly: ní hed, ni hed sin: ni hed sin tra, acht tecait uilcc immda ele assin adaltras, PH 7783 .

ed non(n)oín (< ed inonn oín?) this has only been noted in the O. Ir. Glosses, where it renders idem and identidem; it seems to be an artificial construction, possibly an imitation of unus et idem: ed nunnoín (gl. idem in: `filium matris' idem dicit quod et `fratrem') Ml. 70d1 . ednonóen (gl. identidem) Sg. 201a11 . With neut. art.: a n-ednonóen aiccent in uilt indib `the same thing (to wit), an accent' 55b3 (see note, Thes. ii 109 , and ZCP v 8.31 ).

ed ón (rarely id ón): whether the .i. of the O. Ir. Glosses is to be so read is doubtful, in spite of the occurrence in Mid. Ir. MSS. of .i. as a compendium for edón, see Thurn., Thurn. Hdb. i p. 24 . In the Harl. copy of the O. Ir. treatise on the Psalter (Hib. Min.), however, the .i. of Rawl. B 512 is in some cases represented by ed on e.g. Rawl. B 512 ll. 195 , 435 . In Auraic. 357 (= 2731 Y) .i. is expl. by: ed un (ed on Y) .i. ed a oen erniud no ed a oen an eolaig (cf. Y). edon quasi idon .i. scyendumm . Corm. Y 571 . In later MSS. often adhon. For use of .i. see KMMisc. 102 ff.

That is, to wit , `id est': tre metur .i. (edon v.l.) metur dachtalacda, Hib. Min. 6.187 . eiligiacum metrum .i. (edon v.l.) metur eligiecda, 6.195 . dor-rime S. inni n-ali n-and .i. (edon v.l.) beatus , etc. 13.435 . 441 . áliss Pátricc Dubthach im damnae n-epscuip...idón fer soer socheniúil, Thes. ii 241.8 (= Trip. 344.9 ). dubbert P. cumtach du F. idon clocc ┐ menstir, 241.16 . gladiolus adhon sailestrach, C IV 2, 25va 6 . edera arborea adhon eigheand na crann, RC ix 231.7 . ri rogab M., edhón Feidlimid mac C., Hib. Min. 65.2 . aní léaghthar ag Daniel san seachtmadh caibidil, eadhón go bhfacaidh sé beathadhach, etc., TSh. 1024 . as an bhfocal uathadh san choisreagadh, eadhon, In nomine , O'Dowley 2.2 .

escland ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. escland ? or dil.ie/20456
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ind dorad C.C. an ghaoi bulga tar an sceith tresan sruth. ottchuala Fer D. easccland a airm sion tresan aphoinn dia ionnsoighid..., ZCP x 296.18 . esclonn .i. uisqe luath eistib, CIH ii 614.18 . A by-form of esgal ? Cf. esglann; inescland CMCS lix 25-26 .

focherd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. focherd or dil.ie/22442

 

n f. (cerdd `art, craft' ?) a feat at arms, a cast (of a spear) (?): focheirt C. in sleig n-iarum i ndegaig Fir baith ... `Is beoda do ḟocheird [feocherd LU] indiu, A Ch. !' orse. conid de atā Focherd uada a Murthemniu, TBC-I¹ 1562 = maith tra in focheird, TBC-LL¹ 2193 . Fochaird Muirt[h]emne, bhaili a nderna Cú Chulainn in foic[h]erd gaiscid ar sluaiged tána b. c., Acall. 2316 . go Fochaird M., bhail i nderna an C. ... an fhoicherd ghaisgidh, Hugh Roe 90.12 (f. 24a) . cathcles cu foceardaib .i. grāin catha cu ceartaib foiche in gae bulga ` subordinate arts ' Todd Nenn., Add. Notes p. xii (< 23 P 3, B 23 , O'Curry 1875 ; cf. O'D. 2208 ). Cf. cealgthar é d'fhoicheardaibh mná 'blandishments' Studies 1949, 466 .

foiche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foiche or dil.ie/22818
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n (cf. foichid and Ériu xli 127 ) inflicting harm or damage (?): In Laws Comm. used in expression: f.¤ Dé, of damage to an animal, a boat, etc. due to accident or natural causes, rendered ` act, visitation, of God ': má geall bes airde ináit a fēch ┐ f.¤ dé don-airrtet `the act of God has overtaken it' Laws i 278.15 . nidat f.¤ de doairthet ib. 22 . madh oin d'fer ḟine ... ┐ f.¤ De dia tarrachtain, v 278.13 . cin fis ... co fis f.¤ ib. 16.17 . rogabsat ... f.¤ (.i. fuachtain) ... ic cosnam in oircne aturru, Corm. s.v. mogheime ( Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 30 ). ? am gai hi foichi .i. ar gēri, BB 39b30 ( IT iii 62 = la fodb, i fodb, 61 < Lec., LL). ? cathcles cu foceardaib .i. grain catha cu ceartaib foiche in gae bulga , Todd Nenn., Notes p. xii ( O'Curry 1875 ). Cf. also: intan doratad foich forumsa trim peccad (= meque averseris propter multitudinem peccatorum) Ml. 44b29 , where edd. Thes. emend: fochaid.

See foichid.

fris-áilethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fris-áilethar or dil.ie/24340

 

Forms: -frithail, frithail, frithalti, frithalid, frisáiliur, -frithalim, frisnáiltis, frisailefar, fris-railsiur, frisailfidhear, frisi-sailither, fritháilid, frithóilfed, fritháilfed, -frithóileabh, -fritháileabh, fritháilear, ḟrithóil, -etar, nosfrithailfium, frithairither

v (perh. orig. fris-sáil as in O'Dav. 871 cited below. Cf. saílid, and súil), -frithail. Ipv. 2 s. frithail, SR 5011 . dep. frithalti, TBC-LL¹ 2126 . 2 pl. frithalid, SR 1457 . pres. 1 s. frisáiliur (frisailiu v.l.) Fél. Ep. 560 . -frithalim Ml. 49d3 . impf. 3 pl. (rel.) frisnáiltis, 68a9 . fut. 1 s. frisailefar 38a10 . perf. 1 s. fris-railsiur, 86d8 . Pass. fut. frisailfidhear .i. friotháilfidhear, O'Cl. Vn. fritháilem, q.v. Sometimes analysed : frisi-sailither, O'Dav. 871 (see below). fritotṡáil-fider, Tec. Corm. § 29.10 . Later as a simple vb. : fritháilid. fut. s. 1 frithóilfed ; fritháilfed ; -frithóileabh, -fritháileabh. pres. subj. s. 1. fritháilear, etc. IGT III § 70 . perf. 3 s. do ḟrithóil , ex. 610 .

(a) looks forward to, expects, is prepared for: gl. opperiri, Ml. 68a9 . praestolari 38a10 . ni frithalim ruccai, Ml. 49d4 . frisáiliur do thechta I expect thy messengers Fél. Ep. 560 . in frithalid nech in far ṅdíaid do you expect anyone to follow you ? LU 4999 . frithailter misi acaibsi ... hi cind bliadna 3101 (`be my tryst kept by you' SG ii 268 ). in tan frisáilter gnim gona duine di when a deed of man-slaying is expected of it (the spear) LU 7715 ( BDD 129 ). má frisáilethar [leg. -etar] dul ana ngnais na noem if they hope to go in the company of the saints Ériu i 219 § 9 . Passing into sense opines, assumes (?), takes into consideration (?) : in tan asṁbeirsom beatus uir rl. frisailethar hisuidiu nant beatus inti nad agathar, etc. Ml. 129a2a . frisalethar mbis `qui' archintech he assumes (?) that there is a definite `qui' Sg. 207a3 (gl. qui, quando pro interrogativo vel infinito ... ponitur, circumflectitur).

ni hi senchas bec fris-ailither, Laws i 42.29 Comm. is doubtful ; it seems to correspond to : ro airled, 40.14 , but possibly the meaning intended is handled, dealt with .

(b) with further sense of anticipates, bewares, is on the look-out for (a danger, enemy, etc.), somet. handles, tackles (cf. fris-indlea) : frithalid aslach Diabuil, SR 1457 . frithail ... catha, 5011 . fēgaid, fomnaid, frithailid !, Ériu iii 143 § 1 . frithalti in láech fail ic folmaisi do gona, TBC-LL¹ 2126 (v.l. fritailter let in laoc ; frithoil in fer). da ria C. ... da bar saigid ... frithalter acaib é !, 4439 (biodh oirichill agaibh air v.l.). See also (e) below. Cf. also : dia mba rogáeth, fritotṡáilfider `if you be too wise, one will expect (too much) of you' (others will be wary of you ?) Tec. Corm. § 29.10 .

(c) catches, receives (something thrown) : ra ritháil C. [in ngae mbolga] il ladair a chossi, TBC-LL¹ 3943 = gaibt[h]i C. cona ladair, TBC-I¹ 2689 ; so also : ro ḟrithoileastar C. an bangae, TBC-LL¹ 3928 St (where Wind. translates bediente). fritheoil an gaoi bulga anois !, ZCP x 296.6 . dosforarrlaig [leg. dosfarlaig] ... in ceirtli co ro rithail P. ... ina laim, BB 415b4 = co rosgab, LL 221b47 ( TTr. 345 ). noí liathróiti do diubrucud i n-aenfecht air ┐ frithailig-sium sin isindara laim do, Acall. 5834 n . mias ... ┐ a dibrucud i clethi aeoir ... ┐ mina frithailtea aris uar [ = for] ind n-uaitni cetna `unless it were caught again by the same support' TTebe 2472 . The follg. may be an extension of this sense : frithail uaim na hassu-sa, BCC § 347 (poem) ; `help me to get these sandals off' transl., but the context shows that the speaker had not yet put on the sandals and wished to give them as a present.

(d) receives (a guest), entertains, attends or ministers to ; in this and the follg. sense nearly synon. with frestlaid and sometimes used in association with it : ro rithailed (.i. tancutar aingil i frestal anim[a]e suae), Fél.² lxxxii (gl. frisindled, May 23 ). ro fritháiled in rí (arriving for a feast) TBC-LL¹ 997 . is amlaid ra frithálit, LL 263a35 ( MU² 199 ). aroét, Trip.² 744 = roet (.i. ro frithoil) é co failti móir, ACL iii 18 . frithailter do biud ┐ do lind let them be served with food and drink, Anecd. i 11.6 . ro frithāiled ... co maith an aidhchi sin Fursa, BColm. 98.5 . do freasladh ┐ do fritholad in t-imper ... do rogha gacha bidh, ZCP vi 48.26 . With play on double meaning (b) and (d) : muna tí-sen andes ... frithailedh aige ga thigh | Dal cCais let him expect a visit from Dál C. (a threat) Cog. 106.3 . Serves, attends on with acc. or DO of pers. : fritheoil mheisi, Luke xvii 8 (f.¤ dhamhsa 1681). noch do ḟriothóil do righ na Babilóine, Jerem. lii 12 . Of things attends to, provides for: frithalid...in comram beus ! ScM. 12 . is foirceann [ = airchenn] gu tora dilind ┐ cindus frithailfimid sind, BB 22a26 = nosfrithailfium, ITS xxxv 190 . Here, perhaps : frisrailidhar no frisrailter comarba sa coimge .i. fir innlither no frithailet na cometaighi orba comoige in feraind, H 3.18, 215a ( O'Curry 379 ). Cf. further : cell og na frithsailter tratha a church where the canonical hours are neglected 23 Q 6, 50a6 ( O'Curry 1845 ) = frithairither [sic leg.], Laws v 118 (see fris-airi). a chorp ┐ a fhuil ró naomhtha ... ghlacuidsion ┐ fritheóluid amhain do chách oile ipsi soli aliis administrant Rial. S.F. 1626 . ro friothálus rioth roithrén re beinn, BS 70 . do frithail dona Lumbardachaib airechtus in meic (communicated, declared ?) ZCP xiii 180.20 may be meant for do fritail (see frital).

(e) in hostile sense, receives (an enemy, an attack), wards off, engages (in fight) : ro frithail seom M. co fichtha furachair, LL 256b12 ( TFerbe 416 ). tháinic S. ... do chathugud fri P. ros fritháil P. co torchair leis S., TTr.² 1318 . frithailis Ercoil co hathlam é (viz. Antaeus), CCath. 2978 . go bhfritheoladh féin é ┐ go ttiobhradh cath dó, Todd Lect. iv 68.1 . ro [ḟ]reastail ┐ ro [ḟ]rithoil A. sin (an attack), TTebe 2526 . ro freslaid ┐ ro friotháilitt lás na Gaoidhealaibh AFM vi 2332.22 . Cf. rainic T. ┐ C. ... co Celluch, ┐ tugadar da guin ... ar an cathmiledh ..., frithailis Cellach na cneadha sin go rosḟagaiph na dtamhnaibh sgailte ... iad `Cellach responded' MR 272 - 274 .

fúathróc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fúathróc or dil.ie/24723

 

Forms: fuathbróc, fuathroic, fuathroga

n ā, f. also fuathbróc (cf. bróc), the usual form in LL ( fúathróc, LL 237b28 ).

(a) a girdle or apron worn round the waist and loins by warriors, of leather or silk or other material, often richly ornamented: cen erriud ... acht fuathbróc dondlethair degṡúata cu airbaccaib a dā ochsal, LL 266b45 ( MU² 644 ). ni raibhi d'erradh uime acht fuathrog ... srollaidhi ima ichtur ┐ leine ... imma ghelchnes, Stair Erc. 171 . fuathrog ḟairsing urleathair um deanacht a c[h]uirp, CF 199 . rogabastár a úathroic srebnaide sroill cona cimais do banór ... fri moethichtur a medóin, LU 6420 (= úathbróic, TBC-LL¹ 2565 ). cona chathchris ... dara fúathróic ... sechtair, LU 6424 . cliabinar ré chnes co ngebethar do co barrúachtar a dondfúathroci donddergi mileta do srol ríg, 6558 (= dondfúathbróci TBC-LL¹ 2735 ). bernḟuathbróc srethach srollaide ... congeib ar tiug a bánṡliasat co cumtuch a chuirp, LL 189a51 . fúathrog bhuilidh bhreacṡróil, BS 104y . do gab a errad comraic uime ... .i. inar ... ┐ an mbanḟuatroic mbrecṡolus do or ... re imtus a medoin, Ériu iii 170 § 28 . Of metal: ra gabastar a ḟuathbróic n-imdangin ... n-iarnaide do iurn ... ar uamun in gae bulga , TBC-LL¹ 3729 .

Worn by a cook or a monk at work, an apron: gabais ...lín-ḟuathróic tīs imme, MacCongl. 63.3 . rogab ... a fhuathroig imme, Fél. 92y = fuathroic, BNnÉ 300 § 3 . pl. dorindsedar fuathroga doib dona duilleannaib, Lec. Facs. 265va23 = perizomata Gen. iii 7 .

(b) the loins (? thighs): patma (.i. na sliasta .i. in fhuathroic), Gild. Lor. 94 .

? -fuga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? -fuga or dil.ie/24754

 

v geibid in mac ... ┐ nusfuga co tall as, Ériu i 120.7 ; sentence refers to extracting the `gae bulga '; an leg. nosfuba cut him (fubaid) ?

gae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gae or dil.ie/25080
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: gae, gaí, gai, gae, gha, ga, gói, góei, gai, gae, gae, ghai, gae, gæ, gái, gæi, gói, gae, gaé, gaoi, gae, gaíthe, gaethe, gaei, gaoi, gaeithe, ga, ga, gai, gaib, gaaib, gǽib, gáiaibh, gáib, goeib, gaoibh, gaíbh, gaibh, gáoibh, gáebh, gaíthibh, gaethibh, gaau, gau, goo, góo, goho, goo, gaó, gaíthe, gaethe, gaotha, gai, gai, gá, nā, ga, gaau

n m. Cf., however, dí gae, Rawl. 139a24 ( Ériu iv 102 § 43 , da ga v.l.); tuillidh sí ar lár a ladhra | gallgha 's as lán dí a derna, IGT Decl. ex. 968 . In: dos-leicimse ... dosom in ṅgai cétna, LL 113a11 ( ScM. § 11 ), the -s- is otiose, see Thurneysen ( Sc.M², p. iv ). In the following paradigm IGT = IGT Decl. § 81 : n s. gae, Sg. 37b20 . gaí, Laws iv 310.13 . g s. gai, IT i 76.10 ( LL 261a3 ). Laws v 490.8 . gae, TBC-LL¹ 3009 . in gha , IGT . ga, Laws v 216.21 . Metr. Dinds. iii 460.7 . gói, PH 6779 . góei, 8044 . d s. gai, TBC-LL¹ 2306 . gae, RC xv 423.5 ( LL 195b38 = gae, BB 369a7 . Dinds. 36 ). don ghai , IGT , v.l. a s. gae, Ml. 55c1 . gæ, TBC-LL¹ 2373 , 2375 . gái, Acall. 7223 . gæi, PH 141 . gói, 3357 . n p. gae, gaé (v.l. gaoi) gae, gaíthe, gaethe, IGT . gaei, PH 8111 . gaoi, TD 11.20 . gaeithe (or a p. ?), Acall. 7153 . g p. ga, LU 8202 ( FB 15 ). ga, IGT . gai, LU 7982 . d p. gaib, LU 1354 . gaaib, TBC-LL¹ 3023 . gǽib, 6042 . gáiaibh, O'Dav. 497. gáib (= cáin), Misc. Hag. Hib. Life of Naile § 51 . sínter béinsi geal do gháib (: láim), IGT Decl. ex. 102 . goeib, ZCP i 462 n. 3 . gaoibh, TD 16.52 . gaíbh (v.l. gaibh, gáoibh, gáebh), gaíthibh, gaethibh, IGT . a p. gaau, Thes. ii 48.7 . gau, 343.41 . goo, 335.26 . góo, SR 719 . goho (disyll. metri causa), 8098 . goo, ZCP iii 212.13 (LU). gou, LU 3387 . gaó, LL 276a8 . , gaíthe, gaethe, IGT . gaotha, Atlantis iv 188.12 (OCL). n du. da gai , LL 261b7 . g du. dá gai , LU 7984 . See O'Rahilly, EIHM 459 , 461 . With long vowel in MIr.: gá, LL 21629, 25445 . nā (: ghā : dhó), Bard. Synt. Tr. 176 , Ériu lxiv 210 .

(a) a spear, a javelin; used esp. of the spear-blade or head : ga gl. hasta, Ir. Gl. 216 . gaau gl. spicula, Phil. 14a ( Thes. ii 48.7 ). conoscaig in gae he removed the spear, Ml. 55c1 . gae gona éisc, Sg. 37b20 . no-elaind ... ó gaib íascaig from fishing-spears, LU 1354 ( Imr. Brain ii 292.14 ; a gaaib línaigé v.l.) ; cf. ba do ghaibh ... do all A. ... a chenn do mhac M., Oss. iii 300.10 . gaí gona cethrai, Críth G. 180 . tiscail gai a halad extracting a spear from a wound, Laws v 490.8 . slicht in gói ... in-a thoeb, PH 6779 . ro thelgis gai ḟormsa, LL 113a20 ( ScM. § 11 ). gae semnech slindlethan slegḟota, TBC-LL¹ 5261 . gae súlech, 5270 . da gai cona n-assnadaib findruine, IT ii 177.97 . mic A. in ga bernaigh, MacCarthy 406.30 . ceṅgait dar gaó glassa, LL 276a8 . ím gním ṅgá, 216b13 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 160.1 ). gabait a ngó, Celt. Rev. ii 302.6 . da gae for cach óen crand leo, gae for rend ┐ gae for erlond, TBC-LL¹ 4531 . adbur craind gai, Laws v 484.16 Comm. dichealtair .i. crand gai cen iarn fair, Corm. Y 698 ( O'Dav. 497 ). craind gae, Auraic. 1173 . budh gao derg báis (of Maedoc's reliquary), SG 32.29 . gontar C. do gáiaibh catha, O'Dav. 497 . teilgis C. a trosdan ┐ dorindedh ga no fogha ... de, BCC § 111 . scolb do rinn ghai, Keat. ii 4567 . gaoi dá n-ionnsma, TD 11.20 . go ngaoibh corcra, 16.52 . gialla fri rind ga service at the spear's point, Laws v 216.21 (Heptads). an ngiallfadh do rinn ghai dhó, Keat. iii 951 . Fig. ba hussu lessium a thuttim do gaib gaile ┐ gascid ... ná a thuttim de gaaib áire ┐ écnaig than to fall by the shafts of satire and lampooning, TBC-LL¹ 3023 . gae na haeire, O'Curry 664 ( H 3.18, 325 ). soighde na sainnte ┐ gaoithe na glóire díomhaoine, TSh. 2463 . mad gabtha gāi duaine dō, Bruchst. no. 28 . gae Bulga spear of Bulga , Cú Chulainn's famous weapon (see O'Rahilly, EIHM, 61 ff.). seideth gái bulga gl. flabella, Ir. Gl. 217 (MS). cless in gæ bulga ac Coin Culaind, TBC-LL¹ 3009 ; 2107 ; 2306 . conattacht in ṅgæ ṁbulga bar Læg ... ra sruth ra indiltea ┐ illadair ra teilgthea, álad oengae leis ac techt i nduni ┐ tríchu farrindi ri taithmech ┐ ni gatta a curp duni go coscairthea immi, 3872 seq. 3942 - 3948 . Called also gae Aífe, 2372 , because she had taught Cú Chulainn the use of it. Cf. also: dofaeth do gai bulggach | fri Laigni i cath, LL 195b38 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 152.7 ). acus gai boilggi tentidi ina lámaib, Otia i 114.3 . nobriste in gae ar bulg the spear used to be broken at the knob (?), RC xiii 454 § 48 . gae clis a spear for juggling : don ti eamnas na go clis innairdi no na hubla clis, Laws iii 284.20 Comm. cleasamnaig .i. cuirid na goo-clis a n-airde, v 108.31 Comm. gae copa a tent or roll of lint etc. inserted into a wound to keep it open (see copga, copp). gae cró : orig. a tent or probe to keep a wound open; a pledget or roll (of lint, etc.) applied to a wound; by extension, a wound unhealed, a wound still bleeding, a haemorrhage Éigse ix 183 , Celtica xv 1 (cf. 1 crú). marb in Dagda do gai chró ... dia rodgon C. in ben, LL 11b26 . do thairmesc a fola ... ┐ a ngæ cró, TBC-LL¹ 3639. 6042 . amal ro thuitset a gái (sic leg.) chró ass la meít na ferggi ro gab, TFerbe 735 . conar' ḟacadur galur na eslainte na gái chró ina chois na tucsat aisti hé (of the wounded Cailte ; `clotted blood,' O'Gr. Cat. `shooting pains,' W.S.), Acall. 7223 . Cf. ní fhágbhaid gaotha cró, ná aicíd aingide ar aoin neach (of the apples of the Hesperides), Atlantis iv 188.12 . gaeithe cró na n-es ┐ na n-abhann ... donithea-sa sin bloody vomitings (?) (after herbs given as emetics), Acall. 7153 . ní fédaim le gaeib cró in urchair sin, 4000 . a gae cro do thuill don triath | beth gan sciath re saitib sleg `his mortal wound,' Fen. 146.1 . co ndechaid cum bais do ghaib cró ocus troimeslainti from old unstaunched wounds (?), RC xliv 28.6 . A. Ó Dálaigh xxxviii 8 . go ffuair bás do ghaíb cró na ngon, AFM vi 2058.4 . iii 366.7 . Fig. nír b' ecail ní da marbad acht gái chró na genmnaidechta `the pernicious effects of continence' (O'Gr.), Acall. 3815 . gaothe cró gach coire lér cuireadh i n-ifreann iad ag a dtreaghdadh, TSh. 1964 . gae derg (lit. `a bloody spear') a murderer : techt ar slicht ga deirg to go in pursuit of a murderer, O'Curry 2314 ( Eg. 88, f. 24b ). O'D. 713 ( H 3.17, c. 521 ). iarmoiracht ghá deirg, O'Curry 1766 ( 23 Q 6, 36 b ). la go dearga ... in fer guides na gae derga do gabháil ina láimh, O'D. 769 ( H 3.17, c. 551 ). Cf. fer ghai deirc itt ionadsa (a curse on an abbot), BNnÉ 306 § 23 . g.¤ leóin : Gaileoin ona gaib leoin robai aco oc tachailt na hūiri, ZCP x 163.11 (cf. g.¤ cró, above). astal .i. gai liubuir a book-marker (lit. a book-spear), O'Mulc. 96 . gae máthri `spear of the mother-kin,' the distaff : doberar gai matri do garmnaib beus a n-Erinn that looms are still called `spears of the mother-kin' in Ireland (?), RC xii 94.24 . g¤ mela honey suppository Éigse ix 182 : gaoithi meala, Rosa Angl. 64.1 . gaeithi mela, Irish Texts v 46 .

Compds. ¤buaibthech (sobriquet) of the threatening spear : Aengus gaibuaibtheach, Anecd. i 15.11 . Content. vi 266 . ¤derg of the red spear : bass Conaill Gáiderg, RC xvii 168.9 (Tig.). ¤fuilech of the bloody spear : SG ii 489.26 . Miscell. Celt. Soc. 8.11 ¤lethan having a broad spear, O'Dav. 1146 . ¤neim venom of spears (?): fir Aradh go ngaoi-neimh (sic leg.) nglic, BS 56.15 .

(b) In connection with grían a ray, a beam : caine már góo gréne, SR 719. 8098 . foceird ... a cocholl. ... forsna goo grene, Thes. ii 335.26 . ACL iii 304.27 amlaid robatar a roisc ... gai grene cechtar de, LL 210b15 . gnuis gai gréine, O'D. 2215 ( Nero A vii, 148a ). An mhéd nár theilg grían dá gáoibh, IGT Decl. ex. 705 . Nó gu súighe an ghrían a gó, ex. 1614 . ba dornd i ngae ṅgreni (of a hopeless undertaking), Cog. 162.24 . dia mbeith lāi gāi gann, `a slender shaft of day,' Four Songs 8.4 . Cf. is dorn im gae ngreine (i. is etarbach), O'Curry 427 ( H 3.18, 232b ). Saor an gha ghréine, Dán Dé vii 33 . Fig. an ga gréine grás, TSh. 2289 . Leg. g.¤ gréine a man of straw (?) Peritia iii 405 n. 2 : aithech baitse … ni fuilet (?) re daim in fer-sin ina fuil gnimiu laích lais; ni teit a raith na i naitire fri flaith na eclais, ar is gæ gréine dogairter, CIH ii 585.17 .

(c) The membrum virile, Laws i 54.19 Comm.

gataid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gataid or dil.ie/25452
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: gati, gatda, gata, gatar, gataiter, gatad, gét, conna-get, gétad, gette, gatsai, gatsait

v Ind. pres. 2 s. ní gati , Ml. 106c13 . 3 s. ní gatda , Wb. 10b1 ; ní gata , Cáin Ad. 29 . pass. sg. ní gatar , Irish Texts iv 19.5 . pl. gataiter, ib. 9 . Imper. 3 s. na gatad , Wb. 22b6 . Fut. 1 s. in gét , 9d4 . conna-get, TBC-LL¹ 943 . Cond. 3 s. gétad, CB 32 § 32 . 2 p. ní gette , Wb. 9c8 . Pret. 3 s. (with affixed pron.) gatsai, LU 6691 . 3 p. gatsait, Lism. L. 319 = Irish Texts i 3 § 9 ( Rawl. B 512, 31c6 ). vn. gait, q.v.

(a) takes away, removes, pulls or snatches away. gl. furari, tollere (in purely physical sense) : gat a inchind ass, RC viii 62.17 . gataid C. in ṅgai ass removes the spear, iii 180.4 . gataid sidi in luirich tar a chend, IT ii1 184.10 . gatair a súile assa cind, Ériu v 209.24 . in corthi cloichi ... ra gat a talmain ... he tore up from the ground, LL 266b48 ( MU² 647 ). ní gattad (gata, gadai v.l.) dér dia grúaid, Imr. Brain i 46.17 . ni gatta a curp duni go coscairthea immi (of the gae bulga ) it could not be extracted from ..., TBC-LL¹ 3875 . intan ba mithig a gait de cígh to take her from the breast, Irish Texts i 3 § 5 . conna gēt-sa láma dib I shall not remove my hands from them, TBC-LL¹ 943 . Cf. gat laim dimm na damtathaig, D IV 2 53vb19 . ni getar afaing asin churach-sa, Anecd. i 5.17 . gattsat a libur leó, ZCP vii 305.30 . mani ghatta in ceir estibh unless ye remove the wax from your ears, BNnÉ 92 § 202 . [na] gataid for sella do for feraib don't take your eyes from your men, LU 1776 . gaduis an tsleagh as féin, Keat. ii 3251 . nogédais tri semanda as cech sleig, Fianaig. 6. 22 , With obj. an abstract noun : gataid leisci lesoc `sloth takes away his welfare,' Laws i 104.5 Comm. in tan gadait clú na comarsan, PH 7684 . san aois féin lé ngadtar ... sláinte ... an chuirp, TSh. 2406 . With AR (or DE, rarely ó) of person, takes away (something from someone), deprives of (occas. but not necessarily of a wrongful act). AR : ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu you would not snatch the petty judgments from them, Wb. 9c8 . ní gati eronn ón thou dost not take it from us, Ml. 106c13 . do-rarngart-side ... gétad Pátraic biu ┐ marbu airi, CB 32 § 32 . ní gata A. fīachu ar flaith ... ... dia mbī dír, Cáin Ad. 29 . gataid Bodb a muccaidecht n-airi, gatar dana a muccaidecht ar in fer atúaith, IT iii 244.33 . gautuim-si nem ┐ talam foirb, ACL iii 3.23 . gétat (leg. gétar, ed.) orat nem, Lism. L. 2133 . ni géttar nem fort ind-sin, BColm. 84.13 . in ní doberar indiu gatair air amairech, Laws iii 310.4 . nī gētam th'aird-mess horot `we shall not deprive you of your calculation,' ZCP viii 268 § 43 . ro gata a n-airm forra, AFM v 1862.18 . log enech dond fir ar a ngatar, Irish Texts iv 20.8 . With vn. as obj. : salm ... getas fair-sium cendsa in Chomded d'ḟagbáil, RC xiii 110 § 147 . no géta for a muintir adhall ... an tíre that his followers might be deprived of [the power of] entering the territory, Hugh Roe fol. 79b . DE : ná gad neamh dím, Cóir Anm. 214 . gad mo moing dīm, ZCP xiii 178.26 . gettair do chend dit, IT ii2 247.7 . ragadad a chenn don druth, TFrag. 42.17 . gatais Dōcha a chend desom, TBC-I¹ 2946 . na hi ... gatus sirg dona macaib beca ... which remove dulness from little children, Laws i 138.31 Comm. g.¤ étach : gatuid Fraech a ētach nde, ZCP iv 39.23 = TBFr. 201 . Leb. Gab.(i) i 148.28 . do chris cáol geltais ní geada | d' fertuis do taebh seda seng, IGT Decl. ex. 548 . With ellipse of obj. : gatar (bentar v.l.) dibh, ┐ dénaidh bhar ffotraccadh undress and bathe, BNnÉ 18 § 37 . gatsat dind eoch they stripped the horse, Metr. Dinds. iv 66.118 . ninderba, ni gat ni de, RC xi 444.39 . ó : gatuidh a lán eneclann uadh co ro ica in cinuidh sin deprives him of ..., O'D. 516 ( H 3.17, c. 419). rogatar ūaim cech sal may every stain be taken from me, ZCP vi 266 § 11 = Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. xix 367 § 11 . Do gadadh úam mart, IGT Decl. ex. 963 . Idiom : cid gatas uaib ... ci atberaid fria ? what harm does it do you to speak to her ? (lit. what does it take from you ?), RC ix 492.1 ( LU 1822 ).

Of carrying off booty : mor n-oir ... rosgat A ... i scoraib, Alex. 324 . ra gattá is ra brattá in slúag-sa indiu, TBC-LL¹ 6102 . Ecmoṅg rogatá a bæ ... rogatta do bai ┐ do trī meicc, ZCP iv 44.22 = TBFr. 357 . g.¤ céill de takes away the expectation, hope of (something, an event): o getar ciall don tsailtinchi `when every idea of the expectation is abandoned,' Laws iii 366.3 . `In calma gabthai fri Troiannaib ?' `Ragatad cíall deside,' ar in techt there is no longer any hope of that, LL 237a22 ( TTr. 1496 ). cech fer ... na taircébad ... dochum nEmna no gatta ciall de ┐ ḟocherte a ḟert ... arnabarach all hope of his being alive was given up (?), Ériu iv 26 § 14 . For further exx. see cíall.

(b) Specifically steals : bean gatas .i. doni gait, Laws v 176.2 , 10 . fer gatas, Irish Texts iv 18 § 1 ( H 2.15A, 38a ). gatsait latraind dá thorc díib, Lism. L. p. 319 = Irish Texts i 3 § 9 . a dhamh lé gadaighe gádthar, BNnÉ 243 . mór nogataind, Anecd. i 72 § 199 . do goididar na cristaidhi in stor, RC xix 256 ( Fier. § 168 ). a ghradh goiti his stolen love, TTebe 30 bíd na huisgeadha gadtha milis, Proverbs ix 17 . Fig. do ghoid ... croidhthe fear Israel, 2 Samuel xv 6.

géraigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. géraigid or dil.ie/25712
Last Revised: 2019

 

v (gér).

(a) sharpens, whets : geraighther agus indillter in gæ bulga , TBC-LL¹ 3878 (St.). géraigter bar mbeara ┐ var gcorrána, CCath. 4258 . géraigh sgolba, IGT Decl. § 158 . do geraichius sleag, YBL 150b41 . géuruigh iarann iarann [oile] : mar sin ghéruighios duine gnúis a charad, Proverbs xxvii 17 . vn. do gerugad in tochluígthi to season the food, Irish Texts v 48.36 . do gérughadh a shuic, 1 Sam. xiii 20 . Fig. da gerugad inntleachta an legtora, ITS xiv 118.18 .

(b) intensifies: an treigeanus iomurcach gearaighidh se an teas, 23 K 42, 145.2 . gearaighthear na leighis leis sin, 350.11 . Intrans. foll. by ar : do gheruidh Caoimhgin ara ghuidhe go Dia C. prayed more fervently, BNnÉ 159.4 . Keat. iii 609 . do ghéruidh ar a ghuidhe, Mac Aingil 235.10 .

(c) makes sour: géuruidhe beagán laibhín an laos uile, Galatians v 9. Vn. making sour : gabh pillida arna gerugad co dingbhala indus co fuileongadh si a geiri, Irish Texts v 16.30 .

1 glám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 glám or dil.ie/25963
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ā, f.

I Abstract

(a) satire, a lampoon, a censure : glām ... ab eo quod est clamor .i. escaine, Corm. Y 695 . indsa glām de doiduine, 450 . glam gér .i. ainmedh i t' agaid ┐ ecnairc, O'Dav. 1430 . Aer ocus Aithis ... Glam ocus Griss ocus Goirturiathar (fictitious names), Anecd. ii 63.1 . Cf. RC xxiv 280.19 . trí gáire dimbuaid do ḟlaith: gāir glám dia guin ... `the shout of satires to wound him,' Ériu ix 46 § 10 . da saoradh ar ghuth na glaimhe sin, BNnÉ 163 § 30 . glāime gonadh, ACL iii 297 § 50 . fa ma roluinne fria ngrōmadh | gusnaib glāmaibh ? 294 § 3 . dreach Mhogha fá ghrís ghlámha, ML 144.19 . trí drude denma glam ngér, LU 10547 . rosnesart co nglamaib ainmhechaibh, BB 368a27 . Glám dícenn (dígenn) an extempore satire, a kind of metrical malediction, which was believed to produce a blemish or blister on the face of the person satirised, see RC xx 421. For the manner of its composition see IT iii 96 - 7 ; Manners and Customs ii 216 seq . Each class of poets had its proper glám dícenn, see RC xii 120 - 1 ; IT iii loc. cit. It was composed in the metre of the `laíd': laid ... no leódh .i. gerradh ... ar is fuirre dogníther in glamh digind, O'D. 1202 ( H 2.15A, p. 81b ). IT iii 96 § 155 . dognī Nēide glām ṅdicend dō, co toralæ teoræ bulgæ for a grūaidibh, Corm. Y 698 . ar con derntáis téor(a) ǽra ... ┐ teora glamma dícend, go tócbaitís teora bolga bar a agid, TBC-LL¹ 3019 . in glaim dicend .i. in tuba n-ainme no in lesanmad, Laws i 240.20 Comm. tri ruighlis ollamhan filidh .i. glám diginn ┐ glas gabháil ┐ tobach do tuathaib, O'D. 1196 ( H 2.15A, p. 79b ). glamfa iman nglaim ndigend, Laws iii 92.12 . ┐ in glam diccind, v 234.8 Comm. g s. ro fhoslaic D. a bél do denamh gláimhe díginn d'Aedh, BNnÉ 37 § 66 . na glaime dicinde, RC xii 307 - 8 ; xx 421.16 . filidh dia n-āir ┐ glāim n-dícind, MacCongl. 45.z . See further RC xii 90 § 115 ; xxiv 278 . LL 187b10 . LB 238(c)b21 . O'Curry 2134 - 6 .

Compds. ¤aithisach reviling: goirt-bhriathra gera glám-aithisecha geoin, MR 124.2 . ¤gabáilche: fallscadh glam-gabailchi Aibartaich, BB 259a4 = YBL 178b48 .

(b) outcry, clamour:

(1) of persons: atá sunn cen nach ngláim ṅglé | eter da láim th'inginé, SR 5995 . bae in ri, fo glámaib gne | do dálaib a aisliṅgthe (of Pharaoh's dream), 3277 . cen gláma gné, 263 . fri glamma gné, 6383 .

(2) of animals and things: ba samalta ri gláim con allmaraig barking, yelping , LL 266b18 ( MU² 611 ). Gláimh (name of a dog), Oss. iv 210.6 . As vn.: ag gláimh goláin gac[h] neóin (of dogs), Oss. iv 174.6 . cluig ag gláimh 's ag beícidh dinning, iii 260.2 .

Compd. ag glamghoil gach maidin (of a dog), iv 174.19 . See also gloimm.

II Of persons, usu. pl., a satirist: fáitte Medb na drúith ┐ na glámma ┐ na crúadgressa, TBC-LL¹ 3017 . Cf. 1737 . glámma ┐ cliara, RC xiv 412 § 25 . glamha gruaide, SG 28.8 ; 27.37 . a foirghneamha forslaicthe ar chinn cliar ocus coinneamh, greas ocus glamh, MR 102.z . a scold: glámh garbh-ghothach greadhnach grod-fhoclach, TSh. 6626 . In late texts used like `dám' of a company or group of people in general: ris an ngláim nglifidhigh, nglonnmair `by that howling, furious crew,' Cog. 114.24 . dream nach diultadh gláimh uim aisce, Ó Bruad. ii 52.7 . With defining gen. : glāim gilla ūasail a satirical youngster, MacCongl. 87.4 .

immarcraid, immḟorcraid, immarcaid, immacraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immarcraid, immḟorcraid, immarcaid, immacraid or dil.ie/27746
Last Revised: 2019

 

n i, f. ? Orig. n. imarcraid n-innisen, BDD § 152. excess, surplus, super-abundance, superfluity: télach neich din imarcraid lenda `a discharge of some of the excess of liquid,' Mon. Tall. 164.12 . nar abbraitis fir hErend, da tuitted Fer diad lessium, ba hi.¤ legis daberad fair that it was through his having given himself more medical attendance, TBC-LL¹ 3593. dobérthar in coiméit cetna a túaid co n-imarcraid fair, Sc.M² § 2 R. y . ise rogha in athar in imforcraidh d'aisic uadh, Laws ii 174.11 Comm. cidbe dib aga mbe an imarccaidh, v 500.x . noco n-imarcraid lium lan a n-eneclainni dun righ `I do not think it too much,' v 74.5 . aithgin na himurcraide ro caith tairis d'ic ris `compensation for the excess which the borrower has used of it,' v 282.8 . imacraidh tainic immach i ndeghaidh na hathghabala, O'D. 2444 ( Rawl. B 506, fo. 60a ). gidh bec inn imacraidh bes and 'however small the excess there may be', Mar. Dis. 42 § 21 . is emiltius fri héstidib is imarcraid n-innisen `superfluity of narration,' BDD § 152. ro leblaing mucc díb tarsin carput is i.¤ in mucc sain a Medb or cach `that swine is one too many,' RC xiii 450 § 37. erain no erail .i. imforcraid, O'Dav. 780. nir' furail no imforcraidh staraide cacha cineda `a historian of every race were not too much,' CCath. 4406. mor fer ... ro foirrgit ... tre imforcraidh in eccomlainn `many men were destroyed by the overwhelming of an unequal fight,' 6021 . ni mar sin d'iumarcraid na sprédi `a superfluity of wealth,' PH 7752. do-bheirdis do no bochtaibh | a mbíodh acu d'iomarcaidh, DDána 27a § 9 . himurcroigh saethair, RC xix 254 § 165. is e is oibir dilius don naduir gach ni is imarcraid ┐ is urcoiddi d'innarbadh, xlix 38 § 12 . labrum anois do imarcaidh (imurcraigh v.l.) étaigh na ndímsach `of the excess of the proud in the matter of dress,' De Contemptu 2184 . iomarcaidh no easbaidh sunnartha `excess or insufficiency of definition,' IGT Introd. 2.25 . conadh he Cath Finntragha conigi sin gan imarcaidh gan easbaidh, CF 1038. cuir aradhna don umhla | i srian an eich allmhurdha | ... | bhacfas í dá hiomarcaidh that will curb her pride (of the body), Studies 1933, 406 § 4 . maighdean nar bh'iomarcuidh uaill, DDána 38 § 29. an lucht fuair flaitheas nimhe le hiomarcaidh aithrighe, 39.15 . ní rug nech díb imarcrad ó chéile d'áirde iná do méit `no single one did, whether in height or bulk, exceed another,' SG 246.37 . an tan itheas nó ólas sé iomarcaidh, Donlevy 166.5 .

Used attributively: gabtar cumal imarcraid du gach gradh dib sin, Laws v 24.z Comm. is forrán fich ... ┐ iss anfola i.¤ ┐ díth degdáini, TTr. 1612. ba cuman la Hercoil ina ḟích i.¤ ┐ ina anfolaid anfóill in gnímsain, 377 . co nach berdis a bhrogha d'ughra na d'foireicen imarcaid uad-som, MR 148.12 .

Of people, very many, too many, a multitude: dia rucuidh imurcuidh daimhe les in flaith `if the chief should bring too large a company,' Laws ii 232.6 Comm. ro mharbh imarcaidh loach, ML² 1809. mar fuaratur imarcraid na nem-charat Mac Diarmata i mbaegal do dortsed fair, Ann. Conn. 1405 § 15. adcondaircc imarcraid na Tiabanda ag tromlaigi air, TTebe 4012 . atá an iomarcaidh dhíobh ceanghailte ... do neithibh saoghalta, Donlevy ix.z . forlucht .i. roimurcad daoine, RC xxvi 45 n. 6 .

From the meaning excess comes that of advantage, superiority (over) ; also oppression, injustice: ní bái immarcraid neich díb ac áraile neither had an advantage over the other, TBC-LL¹ 3008. ata congancnes agat d'iomarcadh cles agus gaisgidh toramsa, 3847 . imurc[r]aidh na n-uasal ar n-a huirislibh `the prevailing of the nobles over the lowly,' AU iii 468.29 . beg dochim d'imarcaidh air `I see but few arrears accumulated against him,' O'Gr. Cat. 501.18. ni geb-sa an imarcaidh sin buaibh `I will not accept that advantage from you,' Stair Erc. 1847. ro bui imarcraigh adhbulmór ac Filoces o Ercuil `Ph. had a very great advantage over H.', 339 . ní rodhlighset cenél cConaill imforcraidh ó chenél nEóghain `the Cinel Conaill had no right to submission from the Cinel Eoghain,' Hugh Roe 200.4 . ata imarcaid eli it chenn `there is another odds against thee,' MR 204.10 . ba anfola ┐ ba immarcraid ┐ ba écóir a cartad a purt, TTr. 216. gach ágh agas gach acais agas gach iomarcaigh do fearadh 'na cheann `all the contests, the virulence and the injustice that had been worked against him,' ML 100.4 . dorónsat an lucht úd fairbricch ┐ iomarcradh foirn, AFM v 1670.10 . ní théarnó uan i nUltaibh | luagh éanbhó dom iomurcaidh `there went not from me into Ulster unjustly even the value of a single cow,' TD 3 § 22. ar sduaigh n-úir mbionnḟoclaigh mBreagh | iomarcaidh dúinn do dhéineamh `that I had done wrong to the ... hero of Bregia,' 15 § 5 . an ga bulga ag Coin Chuluinn | iomarcaidh narbh ionfhuluing, DDána 104 § 26. mó do-niam ort d'iomarcaidh `I do thee a greater wrong,' 84.13 . na hiongantaigh a chiabh cham | go mbiadh th'iomarcaidh agam `that I should have a superiority over thee,' Studies 1928, 451 § 9 . go mbia ag na naomhaibh ar nimh | iomarcaidh tar na hainglibh, PBocht 77.37 .

arrogance: nach déinid munbhar ar fhear | éigion iomurcuidh na aithfear `for that against no man do they use murmuring, arrogance, or reproach,' Studies 1923, 599 § 17 . an túabhar agus an iomarcaidh `pride and arrogancy,' Proverbs viii 13. (lán) do shaint, d'fheirg, is d'iomarcaidh, A. Ó Dálaigh xix 7 .

d'immarcraid in addition, over and above, besides: dona .v. gaiscedaib dēc nobītis d'imorcraid (di imforcraid, LU) hi teaglach Conchobair, TBC-I¹ 557. cech bó ... ro chluined no-mbligtis da trian blechta d'immarcraid uadib, IT i 72.6 . pennait d'imarcraid do, Laws i 42.31 Comm. dialt d'imarcraid inti seach casbairdne, IT iii 12.z . ata brissed na haithne d'imarcraid i n-a ndenum dia domnaig `additionally wicked for being done on Sunday,' PH 7361. batar a trelmha diubhraicthi urlumha occo d'imarcraidh fós, CCath. 1854. inand ghabhaid acht gan illradh ag Lugh ┐ méd na mbrugh and d'iumarcaidh, IGT Decl. § 29. With poss. pl.: inann ghabaid ... d'úathadh ┐ d'illradh dá n-imarcaidh they are declined in the same way in the sing. and in the pl. too, IGT Decl. 48.5 .

In comparisons, a greater amount, a greater number (with gen. of person with whom comparison is made): ní fuair aon naomh i nEirinn iomarcraidh Cáoimhgin ó Dia `no saint ... got more than did C. from God,' BNnÉ 128 § 22. as-bert somh boí i.¤ na ndaoine mór aice do scélaib, ZCP x 421.2 . Similarly with poss.: ca dluidh duitsi ... ar nimarcraidhne do denum `what is the cause of your exceeding us [in plunder],' ZCP xi 40.14 . fuair a himarcraid ammaitechta ┐ tincetla druadh ... i tir na Tesaile `much more than her witchcraft,' CCath. 3911. doroini a aenar a n-imforcraid mait[h]isae uile `he by himself surpassed them all in valour,' 3545 . ni raibe ... lucht aenlunga fuair i n- (leg. a-n ?) imforcraidh urdurcais ... dara n-eisi `a crew that gained more distinction ... than they,' 2848 . Folld. by sech of obj. compared: co na fil fógnam d'imarcraid do Dia ico'n duine drúth sech na hainmigib brúidemla `a lustful man doeth no more service to God than the brute beasts,' PH 7458. bui d'imarcraidh airdi ann seach na muruibh `it was so much higher than the ramparts that ...,' CCath. 1847. tre imarcraidh (MS. imarcraigh) caenduthrachta sech in lucht batar rompa, Lism. L. 3758.

imrád

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imrád or dil.ie/28017

 

Forms: imrádh, imráth

n o, m. vn. of imm-rádi. imrádh, imráth m. IGT Decl. § 11.

(a) the act of talking about, discussing, mentioning, recounting ; rumour, fame, reference: cid cuit á imraid co mmenic ni dernus `even as to mentioning it frequently I did it not,' Ml. 39a11 . atchuala Fer Diad in n-gae m-bolga d'i.¤ F.D. heard the `gae bulga ' being discussed, TBC-LL¹ 3936. cia badh cubha[i]dh ré hiomrádh na n-aithiosg `who would be suitable to announce those terms,' CRR² § 9. robatur 'ga imradh cia leth noraghdais they were debating, RC xiv 40.18 . luad betha .i. o thengaid fer mbetha oca imrad, Fél.² cxxvii 14. gan iomrágh ar a ... hard chosgar `without mentioning its great slaughter,' Rel. Celt. ii 192.14 . Osgidha ... cen imrad ní fodhmam[m] `Osgitha ... we do not suffer her to be without consideration,' Gorm. Oct. 7. rob imnār le Muiri mōir | guide d'imrād ar ḟīrōigh addressing a request to a virgin, ZCP viii 562 § 4. báitir Garman 'sin loch lán | na heólaig aca i.¤ `the learned are continually making mention of it,' Metr. Dinds. iii 174.90 . Sgeallán Caol ... ara ndéinenn betha Fionnchon iomrádh, Mart. Don. 100.15 . ná leagar san teach a ttám | neach budh eagal dar n-iomrádh to our fame, Irish Texts i 38 § 13. o tchualadar imrad indsi Lemin `when they heard the tale of the island of Lemnos,' TTebe 2170 . iar gclos iomráidh na péiste dhó, Maguires of F. § 3. ón tráth fá a gcúalamar iomrádh bhur gcreidimh, Coloss. i 4. do bhí a iomrádh annsan uile chrích `his fame was in all nations,' 1 Kings iv 31. bíaidh iomrádh air iomrádh `rumour shall come upon rumour,' Ezekiel vii 26. gurab annamh bhíos luadh ná iomrádh ... ar an duine ó dho-gheibh bás, TSh. 4254. sgéal bhus cúis iomráith orra / 'na chúis iongnáith eatorra `a matter that will cause them to be discussed forms a curious dispute between them,' TD 15 § 26. ní mhaireann aicme Chonaill / dream ba rothoil i n-iomrádh, Measgra D. 55.30 . a clú, a eólas ┐ a iomradh naomhtha, Ó Héodhusa 95.10. lán d'iomrádh ┐ d'einech, AFM vi 2234.19 . céad slán iomráidh do na mnáibh, Dánta Gr. 3 § 1. tuar iomráidh `a portent of fame,' Content. xxx 13.

(b) act of meditating, thought: coicill .i. imrad, ut est [i mbréithir], a coicill, a ngnīmh, O'Mulc. 281. eadh risa ngebad a paider | ni biodh gan laiden d'iomradh `while he would say his paternoster he would not be without thinking of Latin,' ZCP i 66 § 137. Aithbi cen olc d'imrád `Aithbe who thought no evil,' Gorm. Apr. 4. do b'fhearr dhúinn gan iomrádh ort, Measgra D. 51.47 . do batar ac imrádh C.C. go mor `they set their thoughts right earnestly on C.C.', BCC 394.24 .

3 in-,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 in-, or dil.ie/28196
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: in-, in-, in-, in-, ínnair, hinarmaighe, incathe, h-ion-Con-cculaind, hingallru, inrigh

in adjectival formation. Adjj. are formed by composition of the particle in- (which Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 358 (f) regards as probably an intensive prefix but see Ériu xx 83 ) with (a) a substantive (the term ionshamhlughadh is applied to this type of adj. in IGT Introd. 33 § 151 , § 152 ) or vn. or (b) a participle in -t(a)e, -th(a)e. These adjectives are indeclinable and those in group (a) have the meaning capable of, fit for, proper for, worthy of (the action, thing or person expressed by the substantive): with the vn. the sense is usually passive: ` fit to be ....' If formed with the part. they have nearly always the force of the Lat. gerundive.

in- lenited the following initial, but in some later examples sh- is replaced by ts-.

(a): [Where the substantive compounded with in- was an o-stem, the resulting adj. was an i- stem. Hence it came to be considered that these adjj. were formed with the gs. of the subst., and many of the later exx. consist of in-+g s. of a subst. See GOI § 345 ]. ¤accra capable of being claimed: imḟorcraid ro b'ināirme na cindedh comloinn ro b'inagra, MR 268.19 . ¤aicde ` capable of acting as surety ' (Plummer MS. notes): frisin raith innaicde, O'Curry 67 (< H 3.18, p. 24b ). ¤affrinn fit to offer Mass; suitable for the offering of Mass: nír inaiffrind in altóir i nfécmais in tréidhe sin, SG 31.11 . an sacart do-chī an aisling sin nī h-in-aifrinn hé, De Contemptu 986. ¤áig capable of giving battle: in nech ba hionáigh gan oil, Duan. F. i 6.12 . ¤aignis able to argue: dá bhrígh sin nach rabhas ionaighnis risna taoiseachaibh so, Maguires of F. § 56. ¤ainmmnigthe fit to be named: is úaitsi is ionainmnighthe í, ar Ronán, Ériu v 94.4 . ¤air fit for ploughing: As subst. itir ḟidh ocus fer ocus ínnair , Laws iv 146.1 Comm. indair .i. in t-ar derg no in gort, ut est itir fér ┐ ith ┐ indair ` arable land ,' O'Dav. 1120. seacht seisrecha leis for indair, Anecd. i 1.8 . ¤airm capable of bearing arms: a fir i.¤ athramail aín. IT iii 80.27 . do hoileadh Lúgh Lamhfada go beith ionairm dó, Keat. i 220.17 . ¤áirme, later also ¤áirim worthy of being recounted or mentioned: ni hionairme tu itir deglaochaib, TBC-LL¹ p. 241 n. 5 . an tres itche as ionáirme, BNnÉ i 224.37 . imḟorcraid ro b'inairme `any advantage worth mentioning,' MR 268.19 . is roim thigerna do gairm dhe as mo do rinne se do na gnimhaibh bad ináirmhe dhúin, L. Chl. S. § 46 . gonar fhagaibhsiat ní is ionaireamh da leabhruibh innte, MS. Mat. 551.41 . nír bhó hionairimh a n-échta, AFM vi 1936.11 . cás oinigh ni hionáirimh | go bás t'oidhir d'fholáirimh, Aithd. D. 60 § 33. ¤aistir fit to travel, capable of walking: atai-si anbann, ┐ ní hinaistir tú budesta, ZCP vi 98.30 . ona baí ionaisttir leó an t-árach ina mbertaoi a chorp ... do dhenamh dho `as he was not able to march with them, to make for him the bier ...,' AFM iii 364.x . lé ndéantar othar don anam, ┐ lé gcuirthear ... ó bheith ionaistir i slighe na haithrighe é, TSh. 10460. As epithet of a messenger: dochuir C. a echlacha ... .i. Tairec Turusach ┐ Berraidhi Inasdair, RC xliii 14 § 8. ¤aithne capable of being recognised or acknowledged: nach tiobhairthe acht dod thogha | ionaithne na hasgadha `one sees that such gifts would not have been given thee except to mark thee out,' Aithd. D. 37 § 14. ¤aitire capable of acting as a surety: ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, O'Curry 509 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). ¤aitreba fit to be inhabited: ro láinbrisedh lais iatt conar bhó hionaittreabha inntibh (of castles that were demolished), AFM v 1386.12 . ¤allcaille ` fit for a ghost ' : aghaid glasban inalcaille le, CCath. 4023. ¤altena fit for (use as) a razor: ro thogaibh F. in luirg imremair athgeir inaltena, Stair Erc. 290. ¤amuis fit for military service: oclaech alaind inamhuis, D IV 2, 79ra24 . ? ¤áraig liable to be bound ? liable to give a pledge or guarantee ? : inarag .i. bith arag tar a cend ar na tarlaici a cinaidh for nech, O'Curry 467 (< H 3.18, p. 246 ). ¤ármaige `fit for a battle-field' : adv. co hinarmaighe (of a corpse) CCath. 4189. ¤baindse fit for a wedding-feast: flegha fuain .i. inbotha .i. inbainnsi .i. edach nuachuir, O'Curry 2067 (< H 4.22, p. 67 ). ¤béime capable of being censured, blame-worthy: má tá nidh inbhéime ann, gabhadh gach léaghthóir mo leithsgeul, Eochairsg. 17.34 . níorbh inbhéime an breitheamhnas tuaithe `the native law of the land should not be censured,' Keat. i 70.7 . ¤béla fit for the axe: etham frichnamha : tir inbela som (i.e. uncleared land), Laws iv 276.15 . ¤bésa customary: it hesidi at inbésa gl. quae ... fieri moris est, Ml. 45dr . is dusuidib ba inbesa gl. quibus moris erat, 31d12 . ¤bethe capable of being, fit to be: nabud inbethe iar n-aicniud (sic leg.) for oin `that it could not be by nature ...,' Laws i 156.16 Comm. co mbat ingnīma fri guin duine ┐ co mbat inbuithi fri tūaith `until they take their place in the tribe,' Cáin Ad. § 34. dibell .i. ní inbuithi in bello (sic leg.), O'Mulc. 311. ¤bíd fit for food ? : miach cruithnechta cruaid inbid, Laws ii 250.x . ¤boga like a bow: rella iongnáth ... ┐ crom stuagh urcrom ionbhogha eiste `a curved bow-like tail,' AFM v 1700.10 . ¤bruigne capable of taking part in a conflict: ógbhaidh fheardha ion-bhruighne `good in fight,' Content. xxix 26. ¤búana fit to be reaped: abaidh inbuana a tosach na ced mís d'foghmar, BCC 70.14 .

¤chaithme

(a) eatable, proper to be eaten: connach inchathmi do neoch ní cen shaethar, LL 285b43 . atā fleadh urlamh ionc[h]aithfe agum dhuit, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1607. biadh daingean ioncaithmhe, Eochairsg. 69.9 . Fig. ... thruailligheas an eagna dhiadha ó bheith ionchaithmhe, TSh. 8982.

(b) capable of being cast: a n-airm eadtroma ion-chaithmhe, Atlantis iv 196.3 .

¤chatha

(a) able to fight: is truagh lium méd an eigin a fuiled fir Eirenn ┐ gan mo beith féin inchatha leo, CF 400. ? As subst. : innus guma ferrde h'incathe `so that thou shalt be the better fitted to fight,' RC xix 32.y . ? To this,

(b) worth fighting for ? : madh incaithe crich .i. cathaige tar cend na criche, O'Curry 1988 (< H 4.22, p. 24 ).

¤chéile marriageable: iar mbeith inchéile agus ionchuinge dhó, ITS x 78.3 . ¤chennaig worthy to be bought ? : do ghrádh d'fithcheallaibh ní ḟuil | far b'inchendaigh clár cumdoigh, IGT Decl. ex. 524. ¤chinaid capable of (committing) an offence ? responsible ? : ar na bi nach soer fri tairmt[h]egd in domnaig ... di neuch bes incinaid, Anecd. iii 25.20 . ¤choganta (g. of congnad late form of congnam) able to help: an chuid eile d'á cloind do bí inchúganta, AU iii 546.4 . ¤cho[i]mge, ¤cho[i]mde worthy of protection: do chlú is ionchomhdha do Bhrian ... `it is B.'s duty to maintain thy fame,' Aithd. D. 19 § 13. ionchoimhdhe ar ndáinne mar as creidthe a gcanfaimne `my poem is to be heeded,' § 12 . ¤choisc able to restrain or resist ? : cosmail ra Ailill n-ucud ... n-inchoisc `zurückzuhaltenden (?)', TBC-LL¹ 5436. ¤choise capable of being traversed on foot: ag leanbh 'na áth ionchoise `a ford that even a child could cross,' Aithd. D. 60 § 30. ¤chomartha worthy of note: atáid trí neithe ionchomhartha do leith an bháis chorpardha, TSh. 8561. See also inchomartha subst. infra. ¤chomlainn able to fight, a match (for) : cach aen ara mbiadh sciath ar a scath, do neoch bus incomlaind, Laws i 158.4 . dáig ní hinchomlaind ┐ ní hinchomraic aithle chomraic Ḟir diad, TBC-LL¹ 5717. secht fichit laech ┐ secht fichit fer incomlaind (read n-in- ...) `seven score ordinary fighting men,' IT ii2 196.3 . ni rabi ... fer bad incomlaind do, Cog. 174.17 . ní hincomhluind tú fein rium-sa, ZCP vi 36.11 . dá dtig an t-aithrigheach do bheith láidir ionchomhlainn ris na holcaibh, TSh. 8944. ¤chommoídme worthy of being boasted of: cindedh comloinn ... rob incommaidmhe ... ar a ceile, MR 268.19 . ¤chommórtais comparable: re rígh Bréifne ní hionchomortais gl. re rígh B. ní measdae, Hard. ii 300.2 . ní raibh Leath Modha ionchommórtuis rinne, PCT 510. i ngeár-eolas na gCumas Neimhionchomórtas `the Incomparable Powers,' ITS x 78.1 . ¤chomparáite comparable: nach fuil cuingill inmesta [ná in-compráiti] itir an dorcadus ┐ an solus, De Contemptu 1276.

¤chomraic

(a) capable of giving combat, a match (for) : ní hinchomlaind ┐ ní hinchomraic aithle chomraic Ḟir diad, TBC-LL¹ 5717. ní hincomraic leanamh tri mbliadan déc, CF 404. ni hincomrac (read ¤raic) sluaigh na sochraiti ris re mét a nirt, ZCP vi 294.5 . nach incomruicc aenduine da nertmairecht risna righnuibh sin, Stair Erc. 1121. re tréithibh an té se ní hionchomhruic | céimionnas aonduine is fios domhsa `worthy to be pitted against,' Ó Bruad. ii 200.5 .

(b) fit to mate with, marriageable: co llín n-ingen n-aurlam n-inchomraic, LU 8714.

¤chomtha fit to be together with: Muirn Mheic Liag ... | níorbh ionchomtha í as m'anáir `is not fit to set beside,' TD 14 § 29. ¤Chon-Chulainn comparable with Cc.: adv. cuairt oirir co h-ion-Con-cculaind , ZCP ii 341.18 . Aodh go hionChon na hEamhna '[defending the province] as well as the Hound of Eamhain' DDána 320 § 30 , Ériu xx 85 . ¤chongbála proper to be kept, to be held : an duine nach tabhair an raed is intabhartha agus chonnmhas in raed is inchonnmhala, duine sanntach sin, ITS xxix 147.34 . d'eisiomlaruigh Criosd fein in tslighi so do bheith in-chonnmhala o bhreithir agus o ghniomh, 213.6 . ¤chosnaim able to defend: ro gabhsat na Goill ... acc denamh daingean-mhúr criadh ... co mbatar ionchosnaimh fri biodhbadhaibh `in a state to hold out against enemies,' AFM vi 2192.8 . ¤chotrebe to be dwelt (in) : adeir Galenus ... nach incaitreaba a comarsanacht na ndaine a n-a mbiad na galra gabaltacha, RC xlix 54.5 . ¤chreca capable of being sold, liable to be sold ? : ma ruca in flaith gubreth forin ceile is increca a riar de his tribute is liable to be sold as a result of it?, O'D. 519 (< H 3.17, col. 421 ). ¤chuinge fit for the yoke, marriageable: iar mbeith inchéile agus ionchuinge dhó, ITS x 78.3 . ¤chuir, ¤chora to be put, proper to be put, comparable: do cuiredh úair nárbh inchuir | cuiredh úaib ar Érendchaib, IGT Decl. ex. 711. geall cháigh 'na ucht dob ionchuir, TD 10 § 3. m'each iomchuir ... | do b'ionchuir srian dá seoladh, Studies 1933, 406 § 1 . úir budh ionchuir 'na haghaidh comparable with her, DDána 100 § 7. rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann, | is inghean airdrīgh Éireand, KMMisc. 356 § 6. measaidh an Tighearna gurab ionchuir idir lucht an tsaidhbhris diommolta é =inter divites reprobos eum reputet Dominus, TSh. 9993. measaim ... gurab ionchuir ó theist é `I consider he should be rejected as a witness,' Keat. i 34.53 . aoibhneas ris nach ionchora, DDána 37 § 27. do chlann ní hionchora ón eire, 26 § 17. ¤Chuirc fit to be compared with Corc: ionChuirc do chuairt go Caiseal, 74 § 10. ¤chummannta fit to join a company (of warriors), able to fight: ni roibhi ... Eirristinech incumannta nach roibhi aran aensluagh-sin, ZCP vi 61.5 . ¤dála proper, peculiar (cf. is dáil do na mnáibh éadáil do dhéanamh da gach ionnmhus, Keat. ii 5323 ) : dob indala da gruaidh ghil | buaidh na hiomana an uairsin, ZCP ii 343.z . ¤dána `giftworthy' : an t-óglách óg iondána, TD 20 § 22. ¤degduine courteous, gallant: ri rob feli ┐ rob i.¤ tanicc d'feraib Erenn riam, Ann. Conn. 1230 § 9. na hairbheda órarmacha ... uasalbeoda indeghdáine (description of troops), Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.11 . ¤dénma, ¤dénaim capable of being made, (proper) to be made, capable of performing: mac bundsaidi ... mac da n-indenma no da n-indiubraic[th]i bundsach e a child by whom a rod can be made or hurled, O'Curry 559 (< H 3.18, p. 277 ). beag nach táinig mo théarma | a oirchill dob indéanmha preparation should have been made for it, Dán Dé v 1. ó tá ar n-agra indéinimh `for my suit is a fitting one,' Content. xxix 1. rún ní hindéanaimh orra it is not fitting to be secretive about them, DDána 55 § 2. flaith indéanaimh fhearachta an Iollánaigh, 83 § 19. ? To this : faghail ar ó bhfind Áonghasa | tre fholaidh nírb inndénmhasa, IGT Decl. ex. 858. ¤dermait to be forgotten, forgettable: goin th'ochta ní hindearmaid, DDána 52 § 36. mar dobínn 'ga gruaidh gelbuilc | docím úaim nach indermaid, Prolegomena 45 § 24. ¤Díarmata: fear é as inDiarmada Mhóir, DDána 299 § 29 . ¤dilg resembling a pin ? : indilg .i. cosmail fri delg ar amansi, O'Curry 811 (< H 3.18, p. 375a ). ¤dochonáig unlucky, unfortunate: is indoconáigh do rala dh' Ua Edhra sin, síth do dhénamh iarna arguin `this thing was unfortunate for O'H. ...,' ALC i 278.8 = Ann. Conn. 1225 § 12. ¤dola, ¤dula (proper) to be gone, able to go, traversable: ni hinndula daibhsi annsud, IT ii2 126.122 . ní hiondula uathadh sluaigh a ccath, CRR² § 23. asbertadar nár bó inndola isin tech, SG 319.16 . rolai Cir foirenn dia muntir dia ḟis nar indula doib in sruth, BB 7a23 . a fhearg ní háth iondula, DDána 100 § 30. an mhéid atá iondula amach do dhénamh cogaidh, Numbers i 3. ¤échta fit to perform feats, fit for military service: ro marbad cech óen ba inechta dia muntir, IT iii 516.745 . do mhnaibh ┐ do dhaoinibh nar bho hinechta itir, AFM iii 466.19 . ni therno duine inéchta dona v cathaib .xx. it, D IV 2, 77vb3 . ¤echthres suitable for horse-contests ? : ineachthreas .i. áonach, O'Cl. ¤ecna capable of wisdom: do cuiredh dá oileamhuin é gan beth ineagna dhó, RC xxxviii 134.4 . ¤éicin necessary: is inéigin sgéla d'fhiarfaighidh don othur opus etiam aegrotum ... inquiri, O'Gr. Cat. 282.3. ¤engnama capable of valiant deeds: ailebthair lim-sa go rop inengnama (of a whelp), TBC-LL¹ 1049. nir inengnuma e ro hocci it was not fit for action on account of (its) youth, Cog. 186.23 . ¤érce liable to be paid (as éric) : fuil setaibh acrai inerce `a wound [inflicted] in the course of levying a payment due,' BCrólige § 63 , glossed : indat ineirce seoit o acarar `for which chattels are payable when it is levied.' ¤ethaim suitable for tillage: cidh fearann ineathaim, cidh fearann aneathaim, O'D. 2318 (< Rawl. B 506, fo. 32d ). dá fis in etem no na inethem, O'D. 1656 (< H 5.15, p. 22b ). icá séna no icá imdénam fo aicned ethaim no inethaim, ib. ¤etig to be refused: an lucht eirgeas a heaslainte ┐ iarras biadh ... nach ineitigh iad, 23 P 10³, 27b27 . ¤ḟedma fit for military service, capable of efficient action: ger b'óg e dob ionfedhma, ZCP ii 343.35 . bui do ḟot a foistine ... isin Róimh ... conár bó [infe]adhma fri frestal cocaidh `fit to act in the service of warfare,' CCath. 332. gach uile arm infheadhma, O'Gr. Cat. 510.36. o ro batar gan tighearna infedhma aca deis Gofradha, AFM iii 364.18 . fear mo mheallta | mé 'na aighidh ní hinfheadhma, Dán Dé xvi 13. ... chuireas iad ó bheith infheadhma ré foghnamh do dhéanamh ré Dia, TSh. 7243. caiptín infheadhma `an efficient captain,' Keat. i 66.20 . As subst. `service due to a chief' : do thabairt infheadma catha leat, CF 541. ¤ḟéineda fit to be a warrior: no ingabdaís in mac comad infeíneda é, RC v 199.8 . ¤ḟeithme capable of watching over: lucht infheithmhe m'eoil `guides for my path,' Aithd. D. 52 § 18. ¤ḟíadnaise ` capable of giving valid evidence' : ní hinḟíadnaisi acht fri cach súaill re secht mblíadna[ib] .x., Críth G. 35. secht mbliadna .x. ais intan is infiadnaise im chur ┐ im cunnrad, ┐ a oct fichit a ais intan is infiadnaise im ruthrad ┐ im ferann, O'Curry 646 (< H 3.18, p. 311 ). fer bus infiadnaise, Laws iv 10.26 Comm. ¤ḟiled (?) fit for a poet: dúa infiliu, Ériu lix 126 § 8 . ¤ḟir marriageable: inghean Éadaoine ... ón uair rob' infhir, Aithd. D. 11 § 2. bean inḟir ... ┐ na mná inḟir, IGT Decl. § 135. infhir, IGT Introd. 33.4 . infhear, 5 . See also inir. ¤ḟlatha fit for a prince: secht nairm nilatha nō ninflatha, TBC-I¹ 2551. .uiii. n-airm n-indflatha, LU 6485. fuidell innḟlatha di cid dam co ti[n]ni, RC xxii 394.2 . go ngnuis aghaidh chaoín ionfhlatha ` chief-becoming ,' AFM vi 2236.4 . ¤ḟoglada fit for an outlaw: `is inḟoglaga in chuid sin' ar Fergus `Is fīr ōn, is cuid foglada acumsa' for C., TBC-I¹ 2353. ¤ḟolaig : ní budh ionḟolaigh air féin `anything which would be fitting to hide from him,' TD 17 § 62. ¤ḟorais fit to be a cattle-pound : o croaib inforais .i. o liasaib laegh; cidh ani inforais? .i. airm in hagedar nech in [leg. ni?] oga athgabail, CIH iii 887.20 ; see inḟorais. ¤ḟorba capable of inheriting family land: athair inorba, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 150 (transltd. `father who is capable of inheriting (family land),' ZCP xxi 320.20 . is riom ro herbad a choimét comad infhorba, SG 254.2 . ní roibhi cland L. inḟorba in tan sin, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 24.y . ¤ḟuirig to be waited for, worthy to be waited for: dearbthar ... nach infuiridh reisin tart `that we should not wait for thirst,' 23 P 10³, 42b1 . fríoth fear d'óigh rer ionfhuirigh `a virgin had won a spouse worth waiting for,' Aithd. D. 60 § 44. ¤ḟulaing endurable, permissable: is infulaig iar nomaid inhuitir ` to be maintained ,' BCrólige § 58. cis n-incis o anfine, ocus cis n-infuilaing o fine `a fair rent' (? quit-rent), Laws i 158.8 Comm. an ga bulga ag Coin Chuluinn | iomarcaidh narbh ionfhuluing an insupportable advantage ?, DDána 104 § 26. l eighes d'áilliugud na mban ocus más ar son a fer fen dogentar as infulaing, O'Gr. Cat. 210.19.

¤gabála

(a) fit to be taken, (liable) to be taken: ma ruca in flaith gubreth ... is ingabala a biadh ┐ a comaitecht dhe, O'D. 519 (< H 3.17, col. 421 ). ni ingill, ni ingabāla acht gell n-ōir no airgait no umai `anzunehmen ist nur ein Unterpfand von Gold oder Silber,' ZCP xv 314 § 8. secht tigi ingabala `seven habitable houses,' Laws i 104.31 Comm. muna ana, bid innascda ingabala to be captured , MR 144.8 . [as] rádh fírinneach so, agus atá sé ionghabhála ris worthy of acceptance , 1 Timothy iv 9.

(b) Of a prayer, to be recited: mád ingabala a ecnairc etir, RC xv 487 § 4.

¤galair sick, diseased: nocho ndenunn seig teg n-oidedh do bochtaib, no comuirge do lucht ingalar isin eclais, Laws v 122 n. 3 . co n-accai in fer n-ingalair dia dochum ... ocus se scithech mertnech, IT i 126.8 (TE) araile fer ingalar ` quidam lang[u]ens ,' PH 4435. As subst. : liaig fri hingallru `a physician for the sick,' Ériu ii 210.4 . ¤garma fit to be named: gion go ngoirthí ... | roileag Éireann d'iath Ghailian | ... is iongharma, DDána 100 § 31. ¤gerta fit for manure: ic fochartad in ottraig ingerta (` tallowy ,' but Thurn., ZCP xvi 211.27 , translates `des Dünger-Mists'), MacCongl. 91.10 . ¤gill fit to be accepted as a pledge ; later worthy, excellent: ní hingill ní hingabhala acht gell oir no airgit, ... ar ní hingill ní cheana for nothing else is acceptable, O'D. 711 (< H 3.17, col. 519 ). inghill d'ḟuil Ḟeidhlim `the pledgeworthy of Féilim's blood,' TD 10 § 4. dlighe ... báidh ret ealathain inghill worthy of thy skill, DDána 90 § 15. ní hinghill ... leat meise ar mhaille gcéimeann, Aithd. D. 41 § 13. ¤gníma capable of (warlike) action: for maccu encu co mbat ingnīma fri guin duine `until they are capable of slaying a man,' Cáin Ad. § 34. fiallaigh ingnima `of a party fit for action,' Laws iii 60.6 Comm. bad romoch lind ra gabais armu daig ar bith nít ingnima-su beus, TBC-LL¹ 1164. cor ása in cú hisin ┐ corop ingníma, LU 5028. ionnas nách raibhe naonmhar inghníomha no inshiúbhail aca, ML 142.23 . ¤gnímraid capable of work: in tan ... nach ingnimruigh iat, Laws ii 46.9 Comm. ¤gotha worthy of censure, blameworthy: ní budh ionghotha d'ḟior `anything that would earn reproach for a man,' TD 22a § 57 . ní faícim gurub ingotha tú, RC xix 32.12 (Fier.). ¤íarrata `to be sought for' : gurab í urnaighthe bhíos tarbhach an urnaighthe do-ní an fíréan ar ní iniarrata, TSh. 4538. ni ḟuil ainm áoin-easlaint iniarrata `desiderandum ,' 23 K 42, 262.10 . ¤ibhe fit to drink: fuair sibh an slógh | ar dhigh d'ól nochar bh'in-ibhe `by the undrinkable draught ...,' Dán Dé xvi 25. fíon dob olc inibhe, Aithd. D. 78 § 17.

¤ícca

(a) able to pay: mac i n-ais ica aithgena ... mac inaesa insen e ┐ ní mac inica, O'Curry 557 (< H 3.18, p. 274 ).

(b) curable: mad inice .i. má innleighis é, O'D. 870 (< H 3.17, col. 623 ).

¤imbertha proper to be inflicted: robadh in-imbertha dhuit bás ar in mnaoi `it would be fitting for you to inflict death on ...,' ITS v 76.9 . ¤immarbága fit to contend with: aen ragha urrigh na hErenn ... ar agh ┐ ar fhíruaisli co narb inimarbágha nech ris, AU ii 476.25 . ¤imrama fit to row upon: túarcabsat anbtine fríu co nár bó inimrama dóib in muir, TTr.² 1940. ¤imtechta fit to set out, ready to set out ; capable of being traversed: co nábo inimthechta in magh ... la himbed na coland, 1044 . a n-arthraigibh agas a longa inimtheachta, ML 44.22 = a n-ethair urlama, ML² 648. imirce na haithrighe do bheith urlamh inimtheachta aca, TSh. 4104. ¤indraig (a wound) requiring a tent ; by transference, the person on whom such a wound has been inflicted: secht seūit cacha inindrigh, Cáin Ad. § 44. isi in deithbhir [etir] na dá ininnraidh : eirgidh ina haonar amuich ┐ amach ┐ bidh ina suide gin duine ris an ininnraidh sé sét. In ininnraidh secht sét ní bidh gin guala fri hadhart no gin duine faoí, O'D. 834 (< H 3.17, col. 595 ). telgudh fola do. Ma ri talmain na fola inindrigh crochadh in bidbadh ind, O'Curry 46 (< H 3.18, p. 17a ). in ime frisin n-inindraig `the fence [prop ?] against the bandage wound,' Ériu xii 132.25 . ¤lachta : bó i.¤ a milch-cow, a cow in milk ? : tabuir na ceithri ba so fris na sé bu déc inlachta, O'D. 246 (< H 3.17, col. 197 ). ¤láich fit for a hero, heroic: do sil Lugdach Laga inlaich, BB 232b30 . ¤láig capable of bearing a calf ? : bó innláoigh ... na ba indláoigh, IGT Decl. § 135. ¤lego curable, able to profit by the treatment of a leech: ised adbered cach liaig dīb ... nā bad beō ┐ nā bad indlego (inleghis, v.l.) itir, TBC-I¹ 2781. cach fer atdered ... ní ba hindlega, TBC-LL¹ 4280. ¤leigis curable: foclaidh liath (leg. liaig) coitchend gunat inleighis 'an impartial physician declares that he is curable', Mar. Dis. 30 § 8 . do breith gach ain budh inleighis dibh co hait a leighis, CF 974. atrubratar ... a lega friss nar indlegis itir he, LB 143a23 . is inothrais ┐ is inleigis iat, Acall. 5258. adubhradar ... nar bhó galar inleighis bai fair, O'Don. Gram. p. 274.28 (<BFerm.). ar n-othar nach indleighis, IGT Decl. ex. 1372. ¤leithscéil excusable: is ro annadh (= annamh) is inleithsgéil ainbhfhios don tsamhuil-si, Donlevy 146.9 . ¤leógain lion-like: Búrcaigh na mbeart n-inleóghain, TD 17 § 17. a dhreach inleoghain, Aithd. D. 46 § 1. ¤lesa profitable ? : nach inlesa .i. doroine a lles fadesin, O'Curry 875 (< H 3.18, p. 392b ). ? ¤lesuigthe capable of maintaining: ata soithceach inlesuighe acud (leg. acu) ┐ ni denuit in gaire `they have sufficient wealth but they do. not perform the maintenance,' Laws iii 54.23 Comm. ¤locha fit to float on a lake: gan bhád ionlocha, DDána 120 § 12. ¤lochta blame-worthy ? : inlochta fraic folach, O'Dav. 995. inlochta .i. ro airlithar foladh mna, O'Curry 464 (< H 3.18, p. 245 ). ¤lóga, ¤lúaig worthy to receive a reward: ? is lúthamail nó is ionlogha tainic an ghein ... gormrosccach ó gnlan-baistedh, Misc. Hag. Hib. 111 § 35. degh-oibre ionluaigh a bhfiadhnuisi De, Parrth. Anma 114.15 . subháilcheach ┐ dubháilcheach, ionluaigh ┐ neimhionluaigh, Desiderius 15.y. ¤maídim worthy to be boasted of (see moídem) : ní hionmhaoidhimh dhí a ndéineann, TD 26 § 51. ní barr budh ionmhaoidhimh air `it is not a superfluity which should be grudged to him,' 28 § 38. dul i n-uaigh ní hionmhaoidhimh `His burial is nothing for us to congratulate ourselves on,' Aithd. D. 59 § 11. gan aéin ceim badh ionmaoidhim re a fhaghbail, AFM vi 2120.1 . ¤mara sea-worthy, fit to go to sea: ar na fagbaitis Ecceptacda trealma ionmara ... dia ttarróchtain, Leb. Gab.(i) 198.19 . urmhor fer nErend do neoch roptar ionmara díobh `such of them as were fit to go to sea,' Cog. 136.14 . na huile longa ... co mbetis ellma [inmara], CCath. 3269. ¤mesca (capable of) intoxicating: co lennaib inmescaib, LU 9048. lestra mára co ndeglind i.¤ , RC ix 478.3 . ¤molaid worthy of praise: gan rígh 'na chomhraghain sin d'airrdhibh ionmholaidh `without peer among kings for splendid traits,' Aithd. D. 76 § 6. ¤múinte teachable (?): níor bh’ionmhuinte bior dhíbh sin, Duan. F. i 29.35 . ¤núachair marriageable: do bhí ar an ordughudh sin go mbeith io[n]nuachair di, IT ii2 111.28 . go bhfaghbha th'fhear ionnuachair, DDána 97 § 6. ar mbeith ionnuachair dhi do pósadh ré hAonghus í, Keat. ii 4909. ¤óclaig (see óclach) worthy of a warrior (of a woman, marriageable, attractive (?): of a man, manly): mása inógláigh an ben pósta curab so-grádach ó cach hí `of marriageable age,' De Contemptu 672. chonnairc hi go hog aluinn ionoghlaidh, Béaloideas xiv 223.28 . In the same text, of a man: is urusa duit fear og ionoglaidh dfaghail fit to be a warrior ?, ib. 31 . Cf. is blaith inócclach iad da méte fein ` warrior-like ' (of pygmies), Maund. § 186 ; and declined: daine maithi inóglacha, § 262. ¤óenaig fit for an assembly, festive (of attire): cloidhemh ordhuirn inaonaigh ina láimh, Anecd. i 76.11 . sreath ... | d'am[h]ruibh ionáonaigh, Ériu ix 163 § 5. ar aibídibh áilne ionaonaigh an ionnracais, TSh. 6964. go dtéid drong go teach na bainse ar a rabhadar earraidh ion-aonaigh vestis nuptialis, Eochairsg. 128.6 . ¤óla drinkable, ready to be drunk: i ngaineam thirímm cen usce ind itir bud inóla, Alex. 643 = indola, BB 494a23 . fledh aige ar na hullmugadh | ... do bi an taim-sin ionola, ZCP ii 344.2 . ¤othrais curable, able to benefit from medical treatment: dech let in ba hinothrais iat nó in ba hinleighis, Acall. 5256. is inothrais ┐ is inleigis iat mád maith mo luag leighis-sea, 5258 . ¤pháirte capable of making an alliance: ceadh 'ma badh ionpháirte inn | is fear mh' iomcháinte ar th' uillinn, DDána 101 § 20. ¤phósta capable of marrying: ní fuilim inposta aniugh, uair atá aingcis tromgalair ar mbualadh orum, ZCP vi 63.1 . ¤radairc visible: don ḟirmamhaint do-ní neimh | nach inradhairc í d'ḟáidhibh, IGT Decl. ex. 657. ¤ráid, ¤ráda fit to be mentioned, proper to be said, noteworthy: cearc Bhoirche ... | gér chúis iomráidh a hainm sin | ní gairm ionráidh mar aisgidh, Studies 1921, 257 § 3 . an té [as] ainm nach ionráidh (of Satan), A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 4. is ria as ionrádha airdrí, DDána 55 § 9. an focal budh fhearr ionrádha, PBocht 6 § 34. ní lóir-ghníomh is ionráidh ris, acht lórfhulang, TSh. 4912. urnaighthe as ionráidh le togbhail an chuirp naomhtha, Parrth. Anma 328.3 . ¤ráith ` capable of undertaking suretyship': húare ... nád n-inráith friu ... ar lagait a ḟolaid, Críth G. 130. ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, O'Curry 509 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). sai inraith etym. gl. on sruith, O'D. 1552 (< H 5.15, p. 1a ). ¤retha fit to run: go dtig ... nach bí inreatha i rian na haithrighe, TSh. 10442. ¤ríg kingly, fit for a king: gémad innrígh a oinech, Acall. 222. ni hinríogh an té thoghas `not kingly is he who resolves thus,' TD 20 § 3. As adv.: is inrigh doronadh in fobairt sin, CCath. 3514. ¤ríge fit for kingship, eligible for kingship: ní táinic Tórna ... co Temraig ... corbo inríge in mac, SG 327.12 . nirb' inrighae Nuadoo iar mbeim a laime de, RC xii 60 § 14. ¤ríme worthy to be calculated: corradh mór ar thrí mhíle | ríomhthar tria réim inrímhe `are counted in the worthy records,' Content. xv 70. ¤ronna fit to be divided: eighriocht í nach ionronna `an inheritance unfit for division,' TD 24 § 38. ¤rúin fit to be trusted: ionrúin mé, ní misde dhuid `I am worthy of trust, thou art in no danger,' 40 § 8 . duine éadmhar ní hionrúin, Dánta Gr. 39.4 . ¤scene like a knife ?: insgeine, insgean, IGT Introd. p. 33 , 25 - 26 . ¤scuir fit for separating, to be separated: faithe inscuir a plain fit for unyoking horses ?, Laws ii 116.14 Comm. faithcle insguir inuithir `a green of separation for the sick,' 12.19 . daoibh ót uabhar dob' ionsguir you must part with your pride, DDána 56 § 13. ¤sgagaid fit to be strained ?: do thionnsgnaduir cradh dá chionn | sul rabh lionn insgaguidh ann, IGT Decl. ex. 1279. ¤shelga capable of hunting: ro forbair in mac ... cur ba hinselga e, RC v 199.9 . ¤shíl suitable for seed ?, favourable to growth ?: drúcht inshíl an fhóid iodhain, Aithd. D. 7 § 39. ¤shítha worthy of peace, able to be reconciled: o nach insitha m'oti-si ┐ Ruaidri reroili, Ann. Conn. 1315 § 8. dá [n-infhíocha] Dia gach duine | cia as inshíotha acht Muire amháin `who merits peace ... ?,' Dán Dé x 31. ¤shiubail able to walk: eirigh-si ... co Ráith Deiscirt ... oir ní inṡiubhail mhisi, Imr. Brain 66.26 . anaitt athaidh and sin ag Conall nō gurbhó hinsiubal é (C. had been wounded), ZCP xiv 252.16 . da bris craidhi na heigsi ... co nach insibail `cannot progress,' AU ii 488.11 . ro bai manach dibh ┐ galar cos fair ┐ docuaidh i ccosaibh in righ, ┐ ba hinsiubail siumh fein, BNnÉ 298 § 38. ¤shlúagaid able to fight, fit for military service: gach nech dob innsluagad (leg. -aid ?) dá raibh isin tír, ALC ii 244.2 . do rala teidhm tinneasa ┐ gabhadh ger eassláinte dó ... co nár bo hiontsluaighidh an tan sin hé, AFM vi 2234.9 . ní hionshluaghaidh séad mar sain `not to be carried on hosting' (of a drinking cup), Aithd. D. 9 § 16. ¤shluind significant, worth mentioning: insluind cach ran `mentionable is every splendid one,' O'Dav. 1350. ¤shnadma fit to be bound: síoth gémadh ionṡnadhma ann `even though it be possible to make peace about it,' TD 23 § 1. ¤shnáma fit for swimming in: ní dligther snámh do mhúnadh dhóibh muna raibhe uisce inshnamhadh a comhfochruibe dia n-aitibh, Laws ii 156.10 Comm. uisci inshnámha ..., 158.4 Comm. ¤shóid able to bring happiness or good fortune: terc nach inshóidh do'n fhedhain `a scant one of the force but is adapted to secure a good event,' O'Gr. Cat. 502.19. ¤shómpla fit to be an example: an úaimh re mbí ad bharánta | sí ar n-úair as ionshómpla, IGT Decl. ex. 124. ¤tachair capable of engaging in combat with: terc aonfer a intachair, Caithr. Thoirdh. 131.24 . ¤tadaill able to come: ní deoraidh mise i Manainn | mé eiste ní hiontadhaill, Aithd. D. 23 § 1. ¤táeba, ¤táebaid, ¤táib worthy of trust: ní hintaebha na daine coimhigche, ZCP vi 289.z . tiocfaid na síona saobha | nach budh haimsear iontaobha, PBocht 25 § 7. ní hiontaobhaidh glóir Gaoidheal (: mbliochtchraobhaigh), DDána 118 § 26. an dream do-bheir faill 'na gcáirdibh ... nach iontaobha iad, TSh. 4624. rún truagh ó nar bh'iontaoibh iad `dread was their purpose, making them dangerous,' Aithd. D. 97 § 24. ¤taisfenta worthy to be expounded: in neoch ba hintaisfenta leis (of knowledge), O'Curry 896 (< H 3.18, p. 399 ). ¤techta, ¤tochta capable of going, to be gone, (fit) to be traversed: bid indtechta tria críathar n-átha bar mbrúar, BDD² 1294. bá intechta a himmelchrícaib in domain dia taidbriud, LL 234b13 . masadt idan-su ... is amlaid is intochta daid isin log, BB 496b32 . is relta inchoisc eolais moir ... Is intochta le we must go with it, Aen. 605. ní ba hintechta ... ar terci usci, BB 496b9 . ¤tinn capable of severity ?, capable of giving battle ? (see 2 tend): nochan in-tinn mé rem mian | dom inntinn is sé do sdiúr `I am not vigorous,' Dán Dé xxiii 31. ¤tnúith able to emulate, to be desired, worthy to be loved: ní bhíodh ag sgaoileadh an sgrioptúir | aoinfhear dhíobh rer bh'ionntnúidh é `aonduine do féadfaí do chur i gcomparáid leis,' DDána 59 § 21. móid re t'oireacht ní hiontnúith `nobody desires to conspire against your people,' RC xlix 173 § 29. [dál] an scrioptúir ó Dhia dhún | cia nach iontnúidh res an eol who does not desire knowledge ?, DDána 3 § 2. do ghlór an sgrioptúir an sgéal | mór as iontnúidh a n-aibéar `pleasant is the tale,' Dán Dé v 22. Moire as iontnúidh d'fhior `Mary who deserves man's love,' A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 3. ¤toga acceptable: duan molta intoga ic Dia, Lib. Hymn. i 193.6 . permissable ?: do b'iontogha olc na bhfear | um ghort lionntana Laighean `do b'fhiu an tír sin gach rud dar fhuilngeadar ar a son,' DDána 117 § 5. ¤toidechta, ¤taidechta worth coming: gurb intoidechta d'ḟeraib Erenn ... fo dhaighin ... fogluma it was worth their coming to learn, MR 266.z . rop intaidhechta ... do shluagh Fodhla, 312.13 . ¤toile desirable: na nógánachaibh iontoile, Ezekiel xxiii 12. ¤tomais able to weigh: ní h-in-tómais an mead `the scales is not fit for measuring,' De Contemptu 1267. ¤troda fit to contend: iar na tuiccsin dó na baoí introda frisan ngasraidh ..., AFM vi 2078.20 . ¤túir worthy to be sought after: sgéal é ónab iontúir neamh a tale which shows heaven to be worth seeking after, DDána 37 § 5. ¤turuis fit for a journey: ní bhíd ionturuis ré triall i raon na haithrighe go neamh, TSh. 9385.

(b): ¤accartha to be sued for: cella oc na hinagurta d'oirchinnechaib eneclunn ┐ ce agruit, nocho dir, Laws v 128 n. 1 . ¤áigthe to be feared: in cath cruadh inaigte, CCath. 3623. ¤áirimthe fit to be reckoned, considerable: anté ... léiges de aithfrend nó cuid bhús ionáirimthe d'aithfreann déisdeacht lá saoire ..., Ó Héodhusa 162.3. ¤anta to be waited: gearr dá éis budh ionanta `not long may I abide after him,' Studies 1924, 87 § 14 . ¤attrebtha later ¤áittreibthe habitable: mád ind Assia bec nirbó inatrebtha ule ... la drochthuth na fola, TTr.² 1047. annsa chuid ionáitreibhthe da thalamh, Proverbs viii 31. ¤beite proper to be: ní hinbheithte dá ghruaidh ghloin | 'na aon i n-aghaidh phobuil, DDána 75 § 16. ¤benta (di) to be taken: inbheanta dhíom a ndlighthior `I must make those amends,' Aithd. D. 34 § 4. ¤brethnaigthe to be considered: as iad so na halluis as inbreathnuighthe do theacht chum slainte sudores saluberrimi censentur, 23 K 42, 197 .z. atáid neithe examhla inbhreathnuighthe isin bfual, 134.7 . ¤buailte able to fight: dá mbeith féin ionbhuailte ré Bhrian, Keat. iii 3987. ¤cháinte to be disparaged: ní hioncháinte an chrích co huilidhe ar a son, i 58.53 . ¤chairigthe to be censured: fil secht n-innerghe ... incáirighte, Laws iii 64.24 Comm. ¤chathaigthe fit to give battle: ro fhás a mbrigh ... gurbh ionchathaighthe gach aoin fhear, Cog. 216.15 . nocha n-ionchaighthe (leg. ionchathaighthe) sinne ar ndís, thusa ┐ do dhá láimh agad ┐ misi ar lethláimh, Comp. CC 131.26 . ¤chertaigthe to be corrected: cidhbé certaíghes é féin ní fuil sé incertaighthe o neoch eile gl. qui seipsum corrigit non est corrigendus, O'D. 847 (< H 3.17, col. 603 ). ¤chintaigthe blameworthy: as inchiontuighthe an tí do ní iad so dá dheoin féin gan riachtanus ... dá choimhéigniughadh, Desiderius 2606 . ¤choiscthe to be checked: tuig da d[t]isi ... a tosach na haicsisi nach incoisge (leg. incoisgthe ?) hi (of vomiting), 23 P 10³, 14b19 . ¤chomardaigthe equally to be esteemed ?: ar mhírbhuilibh inchomhardhaighthe eile `other worthy miracles,' O'Gr. Cat. 36 § 15. ¤chométa to be observed, to be kept: is iad ... riaghlacha is ionchoiméadta re scríobhadh stáire, Keat. i 56.28 . an ród díreach is ionchoimhéadta ré triall ar neamh, TSh. p. 304. ¤chommesta to be compared: ni hionchoimhmeasta ría íad, Proverbs viii 11. ¤chreite credible, trustworthy: ní hinchreti d'ánradaib sretha siabairthi ... saeb-forcetail na sean-druad, MR 190.2 . ní cosmhail go madh inchreidte ó leabhraibh nó ó eólchaib, ML 28.22 . ma's increitti da gheinemhain as increitti da bas ┐ da eiseirghi, ITS xix 58.21 . ní fhuil ... fiadhnaise inchreidte ar na neithibh seo againn, Keat. i 10.39 . credendum est `is inchreitte,' TSh. 4971. ¤chúartaigthe to be visited: an chathair ionchúartuighthe, Jeremiah vi 6. ¤chuirthe to be put: as ionchuirthe a n-ionguntas it is to be wondered at, BNnÉ 156.10 . ¤chumannta ?: ni roibhi ... Eirristinech incumannta nach roibhi aran aensluagh-sin ` capable of fighting ,' ZCP vi 61.5 . ¤damnaigthe to be condemned: go bhfuil obair na bhfiren iondamnaighte, Luc. Fid. 309.7 . ¤dénta to be done, fit to be done: doberait-sium aithis do Dia oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, mar nach indénta as ought not to be done, PH 7326. don túaruscbail fúarusa ... aran tír so ní hindénta comnaidhi innti `it is not fit to be inhabited,' Maund. 114. ro fiarfaigh ... crét do badh indénta frisan mac, BNnÉ 40.7 . is eadh budh indéanta dona daoinibh, iad féin d'ollmhughadh, TSh. 2651. as iondéunta gan féoil d'ithe na fíon d'ibhe, Romans xiv 21. ¤dergaigthe fit for the spreading of a couch in: ba he dlús a n-iomaircc gomadh indherghoighthe do rígh nó do rioghoin ar lár an atha da n-éis, ZCP x 293.y . imdaid indluigthe indergithi do ríg nó rígain, Manners and Customs iii 450.5 . ¤diommolta to be blamed: an tí chuireas cruinniughadh ... air (viz. on riches) ... atá indiommolta go mór, TSh. 10055. ¤diubraicthe fit to be cast, capable of being cast: cia aes in mac in aired is ainm do ... giall ... mac bundsaidi indside mac da n-inddenma, no da n-indiubraici bundsach e insen, O'Curry 559 (< H 3.18, p. 277 ). an tan batar a n-iodhnadha áigh urlamh indiubraicthe, AFM iv 1214.17 . ¤dlomtha proclaimable : rom dlomsat nīrb indlomhthai 'they gave notice to me, it should not have been done', Ériu lix 126 § 8 ​. ¤dóertha (or perhaps under (a) fit to be enslaved: rodairait cach oen rob indairtha, Cog. 80.4 . ¤dolta to be gone: nīrb iondolta ann (of Hell), ZCP xii 381.26 . nírbh iondolta don ród ríogh `we should not have left the royal road,' Aithd. D. 84 § 30. ¤ecclaigthe to be feared: is ineagluighthe dhuit guais na slighe atá romhat, TSh. 7760. ... is ionghuighthi dona hainglibh ┐ is in-eagluighthi dona tighearnaibh, ITS xxix 177.19 . Compar. ní ... is ineagluighthe ioná an bás, TSh. 1058. ¤ḟaomtha to be consented to: do fhaomh é is nír ionfhaomhtha `he gave his consent—it should never have been given,' Aithd. D. 94 § 5. ¤ḟéchta worthy to be looked at: ní hé gurb infhéachta ar ndreach, Dánta Gr. 16.7 . ¤ḟiafraigthe to be asked: as infhiafraighthi annso cred fár ..., ITS xix 80.13 . ¤gabtha to be accepted, acceptable: ni hingill ni hingabtha acht geall oir no airgid, O'Curry 723 (< H 3.18, p. 347 ). gach ród nach iongabhtha d'fhior to be taken , Dán Dé vi 2. go bhfuil an fhaoisidin ionghabhtha éigeantach, O'Gr. Cat. 39.4. ní hiongabhtha arán na heagna bréige uatha do bhríogh laibhín Lúitéir, TSh. 8980. gach nidh ... do bheith ionghabhtha do láthair Dé acceptable , Eochairsg. 53.23 . níor bh'ionghabhtha a theist ar Éireannchaibh, Keat. i 36.93 . ¤gerrtha: gl. lacerandum, Gild. Lor. n. 17. ¤glactha acceptable: aithnighid puisínigh an fíréin créd is ionghlactha `the lips of the righteous know what is acceptable,' Proverbs x 32. 's go mbiadh mo bhóta inghlactha, Hard. i 28.13 . ionghlachta i láthair Dé, De Imit. 77.6 . an aimsir as ionglactha dochum na faoisidne, Parrth. Anma 339.17 . ? ¤glúaiste requiring to be removed ?: co ras-tisad eicen adbul ingluaisti chuci ` irremovable ,' TTr. 970. ionghluaiste moveable , O'R. ¤goirthe to be called: do ghníomh féin as ionghoirthe dhe it is to be called your own deed, Mac Aingil 302.6 . ¤guidthe to be invoked: atá an Ógh Bheandaighthi so iniarrata roimh gach uile dhuine, agus atá si inghuighthi amhail righain ... flaitheamhnais Dhia, ITS xxix 206.12 . is se in ceand sin is ionghuighthi dona hainglibh, ┐ is ineagluighthi dona tighearnaibh, 177.18 . ¤íarrtha to be sought for: a shamhail sin is iniarrtha ré guidhe talis requirendus est ad orandum, TSh. 4541. ¤imbertha to be inflicted: robadh in-imbertha dhuit bás ar in mnaoi `you would have to put to death the wife ...,' ITS v 76.9 . ¤ite edible: biadh tirm inithte, Eochairsg. 69.5 . cnúas comh-abaidh ... inite `ripe edible nuts' (innte, inithche, v.ll.), BNnÉ 239 § 170. ¤labartha to be spoken: is innlabartha do na leighesaibh, O'Gr. Cat. 175.x . ¤laigthe fit for lying on: cuireatar an abhand as a hait ... cur bo hionadh iondlaicthi (ionluice, v.l.) do rignaibh et do ro-mhnaibh for lár an átha, TBC-LL¹ p. 547 n. 5 (Stowe). ¤légtha legible: gan aoínleabhar dhíobh do bheith inléaghtha do neach, Keat. iii 1694. ¤léicthe to be let, to be loosed: neart Gall ... | ní hinléigthe ar Eoghanchaibh, DDána 74 § 34. ... nach inlicti in cuisle don otar `the patient should not be bled,' Rosa Angl. 30.14 . ¤lenta to be followed, to be pursued: clann Osnaidhe as inlenta O.'s children can be traced, ZCP xiii 18 § 6. ní ní is inleanta a ndubhart what I said ought not to be followed up (in sense of proceeded against, avenged) ii 356.13 . cóir 'na fhuil gérbh inleanta `though He had to avenge His blood,' Aithd. D. 65 § 26. ní hinleanta air `there is no need to continue,' TD 13 § 42. an réim ... is innleanta san aithrighe, Eochairsg. 84.11 . an ród díreach is inleanta ar lorg Críost, TSh. 8049. ¤lúaidte worthy to be mentioned: ni hion-luaidhte deilbh bhan an domhain ag féachain deilbh na hinghine sin, ITS i 64.2 . ¤maínigthe (worthy) to be treasured ?: inmain .i. inmāinight[h]e é, Corm. Y 762. ¤marbtha fit to be killed: gach aon rob ionmharbtha (inéchta, text) ann, Cog. 80 n. 3 . co tuc[sam] fo gin gae ┐ claidim gach aen rob inmarbtha inti, Aen. 13. nír bo hionmarbhtha sidhe idir ge ro baoi tuilleadh ar chéd bliadhain d'aoís `whom it was not becoming to have killed,' AFM v 1734.13 . ¤mescaigthe capable of intoxicating: ba somblas a linn, ba inmescaigthe, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (MS inmescaiḡ, Bethu Brigte 41 n. 56 ). ¤mesta to be compared, to be thought likely, conceivable: or ba hinmeasta a n-esbada gus in Mairt miscnig ... `not considerable' (capable of being compared ?), MR 110.16 . an tí thréigfeas é féin mar cheannach ar Chríost, nach inmheasta go dtréigfidhear Críost leis ..., TSh. 8007. is inmeasta sin as an sgéal léaghthar, 5205 . ní hinmheasta an tí do bhí isna cumhachtaibh seo do bheith fa chíoscháin ag an rígh Artúr, Keat. i 14.38 . is inmheasda dhúinn go bhfuil Dia fírcheart `we ought to consider,' Donlevy 374.1 . cionnas is inmheasda dhó go mbiaid a shearbhfhóghantuighe díleas dhó `how can he expect ...,' 478.25 . ¤moídte worth boasting of: ó'n Saoirbrethach do Domnall gin gurab inmháiti, O'Gr. Cat. 128.22 (scribal note on Eg. 88). ní hinmhaoidhte i n-Inis Luighdheach | ... caoi do dhéanamh, DDána 110 § 17. ¤molta praiseworthy, commendable, requiring to be praised: atait se coingill chum na fiadhnaise do beth inmolta, O'D. 849 (< H 3.17, col. 603 ). na mol munab inmolta nech, Ériu v 126 § 2 . a naemtecht foirbthe ┐ a mbethaid inmolta, Lism. L. Pref. xxii 23. a thionnlaicthe luatha ... is uaisle as ionmholta dhúin, Aithd. D. 58 § 8. ¤múinte capable of being taught: chomhluath agus bhíd ionmhúinte (of children), Donlevy Pref. xxi 11. ¤nochta to be revealed: ní hionnochta dhúinne dhíobh | rúine ionganta an airdríogh, PBocht 11 § 25. ¤obtha to be refused: lámh as truime tabharta | grádh uirre nírbh' ionobtha, 19 § 2. ¤ráite to be said, capable of being said: ? ní fuil ... aenlaech damad indraithi go toitfedh C.C. leis, ZCP x 303.25 . cá ham is ionráidte Amen, Donlevy 430.23 . ¤reactha ?: a fhearg uadh ní hinreactha `should not be proclaimed too much,' Aithd. D. 65 § 26. ¤ríartha to be subdued or disciplined: gell n-ungi tra do maigin ir-rér fir a diri mad inriart[h]ae imbie (of one who violates the Cáin Domnaig), Anecd. iii 23.11 . ¤ríata capable of being travelled: tromcheó ... connarb inríata dó in chonar, LU 8512. ¤rígtha fit to be made king: cet fer n-armach n-innrightha, TBC-LL¹ p. 197 n. 4 . mac óc nach inrígtha ara óice, SG 50.29 . ¤shechanta ( ¤tsechanta) to be avoided: bud inshechanta dona mnaib nó dona feruib le budh ail a n-óghacht do coimhed, caidriub a céli 'sa saeghal-sa, BCC 106.y . o gehennalis regio fugienda ... ó a fhlaithis intseachanta ifrinn, TSh. 6594. is intseachanta air an drong ... `it should be avoided by those ...,' Rosa Angl. 60.1 . ¤shuite `fit to be dwelt in': ré déanamh áruis na hanma ionshuidhte dhó féin, TSh. 8766. ¤smuaintigthe to be considered: atait tri neithi is insmuaintighthi, Mackinnon Cat. 59.23 . ¤tabartha to be given: nocha n-intaburta som[aine] don o[irchindech], Laws v 128 n 2 . is annsan aicid so doreir Galenus nach intabairt (v.l. intabartha, which read) leiges ..., RC xlix 17.z . ¤tsamluigthe capable of being compared: as na briathraibh se is iontuigthe gurab iontsamhluighthe na peacaidh ┐ na prímh-fhiabhrais re chéile, TSh. 7888. ¤tóebtha (worthy) to be trusted: cia is iontaobhtha d'fearaibh Breagh | díomsa dá ndeachadh Fínghean, Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 19 . an tan do fhásfadh lonn laoich Luighdheach ... nar bh'iontaobhtha do neach é, Keat. ii 4530. ¤trécthe to be avoided: ni hed as inntrecthi in peccad ann (viz. on Sunday), PH 7362. ¤tuctha to be brought, to be given, to be applied or ascribed: atá ní oile san ghníomh so is iontugtha dhúinn dár n-aire, TSh. 2459. an teagasg dob' ionntugtha don oide faoisidine dhó to be given to him by the confessor, Eochairsg. 84.37 . ní hiontugtha anfhlaith air the term tyrant is not to be applied to him, Keat. iii 4149. dobheirid caoga bliadhan do fhlaitheas do Ch. gidheadh ní hiontugtha dhó acht tríocha, i 84.39 . an duine do-bheir an raed is intuctha agus chonnmhas an raed nach indtuctha, is e sin an duine fial, ITS xxix 147.31 - 2 . ¤tuicthe to be understood: as na briathraibh se is iontuigthe gurab iontsamhluighthe na peacaidh ┐ na prímh-fhiabhrais ré chéile, TSh. 7888. is iontuigthe dhuitsi ... nach rabhassa ion-fheadhma ris an aimsir so a bhfuilim ag coimhéad na leapa, Maguires of F. § 56.

indlid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indlid or dil.ie/28474

 

Forms: indlide, indlithi, indeltai, inniolta, nos-indlethar, innilte

v (indell) i Part. indlide, SR 8147. indlithi, LU 8715. indeltai, Alex. 177. inniolta, Keat. Poems 1122. One deponent form occurs in indic. pres. s. 3 : nos-indlethar, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 6 . indell, q.v., used as vn. See also 1 indled.

(a) puts in, imposes: is diles iarum in ni indlither inund isin fine tre drochchuru ar cheilsine `what is returned into the tribe by bad contracts of tenancy is forfeited,' Laws ii 306.7 Comm. (gloss on : is dilis iarum, dia n-[e]acraither inniull inda-lla[a]t micoruib, ZCP xiv 379 § 43 = Laws ii 306.2 ). cia lin ar a n-innlither éiric chinadh in chintaigh `how many are they upon whom the `eric' -fine for the crime of the criminal is put,' iv 240.14 Comm. athgabail gabur im cina in ti innliter ar faoneolo isin tuaith, i 248.27 Comm.

(b) prepares, arranges, adjusts: ba trén ro indled leo insain | dia n-inred is dia n-argain, SR 5735. tire ... ar indeall a ndilse .i. is dilus iat amail indiltir a ndilsi `as soon as their alienation is arranged,' Laws v 426.2 and 7 Comm. inliter teora dabcha úarusci, LU 3794. dérguda indlithi prepared couches, 8715 . indell .i. glés (cleas, v.l.), ut est indell crot, cuislennaig céit .i. glésaighter na crota ┐ coraighter na cuisleanna `tune the harp,' O'Dav. 1095. tic Medb ... ┐ inlis cethri firu déc día sainmuintir fessin ... fora chind, LU 6159. ra sruth ra indiltea ┐ i lladair ra teilgthea (of the gae bulga ), TBC-LL¹ 3873. ro innletar a saighti ... for srengsnáithib ... a fidbac, CCath. 5549. conadh benn chongna fíadha ro-innell an búachaill fáoi, BS 144.6 . fled ro hindled oc Drecain, Metr. Dinds. iv 16.28 . éirgidh, indlidh bar mbulga, Ériu iv 112 § 6. o'dchualaid Eitiocleis sin ... roindill a arm air anuas, TTebe 4534 . sleagh ar a ucht do hinnleadh (of Christ), PBocht 3 § 17. is tu dom innill imnidh `'tis thou alone hast brought grief to me,' Ó Bruad. ii 132.8 . tancatar co Ros Creda ... ocus int aenach innillti and, Cog. 14.21 . dobidg amac[h] iar n-indiuld an misceoil, RC xiii 222.41 .

Fig. of poetic composition : is ēicse athlam indlim `es ist eine behende Wissenschaft, die ich anspanne,' Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 76 § 8. Odras, úais ind ingen, fris' indlem laíd lúaidme, Metr. Dinds. iv 196.2 .

Especially in sense of preparing for battle, arrays, draws up, equips: innlit Ulaid iat fein a n-aghaid Muimhnech ... ┐ gabhuit a n-arma irghaili, Lism. L. 3106. Part. in sense of well-equipped: ceann na gcuradh gcaithinnilte , DDána 89 § 13. oclaich ailli innelta escaidhe ..., CCath. 5371. an tan fa réidh innilte iad do éirgheadar amach, Maguires of F. § 34. ollmaig go hinneallta triall `with due equipment make thou thy passage ready,' O'Gr. Cat. 590.22. dá gnúis álainn inniolta (of Ireland), Keat. Poems 1122. ba fuinneamhail tapaidh, ba ingealta a taisteal, ERuadh 479 . Used absolutely : ro iadsat ocus ro innillsetar mórchatha Muímhnech ... ma Maeldúin `arranged themselves,' MR 302.17 .

Frequently also of chariots, yokes, harnesses: innlit Ulaid noi gcairptiu dia toffunn ina n-en, IT i 143.6 . gabtair th'eich ... ┐ indillter do charpat, LU 8490. asbert Medb fria haraid ara nindled a nōi carpti dí, TBC-I¹ 153. [má] cotnici a innell ┐ ma dota a trelom [non-innill], ┐ mani fil a trelom nacha innill, TBC-LL¹ 2522 - 3 . do hindled a carput forsna heocha, ZCP viii 106.25 . rohindled a carbad do Ampiaraus ar echaib caema ..., TTebe 1512 . By extension : ro hindledh cethri helifainti don righ ┐ caislen claruig forro, Marco P. § 55.

breaks or trains an animal: na buirb nar hindled fri torbu `the fierce beasts which have not been yoked for profit' (glossing : buirb anindle, 268.20 ), Laws v 270.6 Comm. in cu ... na ro hindledh re torba (glossing : cu anindli, l. 5 ), 250.17 Comm.

(c) plots, plans, lays an ambush, sets (a snare) : ro hinnleadh in cealg amlaigh sin thus was the plot laid, Anecd. ii 77.24 . ar imgabail na hetarnaide ro hindlit ar a cind, PH 7053. ní aithnit gurab diabul do indill he they do not perceive that it is the devil who has set it, 7740 . ro indiltea na lina, LU 3107. ní indlium for íascu ... na eonu lína na gosti, Alex. 862. fuaradur Clann Muircertaigh a fhis sin ┐ do innledur sēn (? sic leg.) ar slightibh ┐ ar casanaibh ... `they lay in wait on the roads ...,' AU ii 472.1 . nár innill feall, Atlantis iv 222.23 . is e cétna ro indlestar airrcis ┐ cuithigh ar tús a n-Eirinn, RC xvi 44.7 . gach beart doirbh dhar hinnleadh air, Arch. Hib. i 91 § xii . sás gabhála na sé slógh | do hinnleadh le rígh na ríogh, DDána 21 § 17. gurab dochum chelcce ro innill an Seinesccal an choinne ísin, AFM v 1710.1 .

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