Search Results

Your search returned 17 result(s).

bladraige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bladraige or dil.ie/6021

 

n (cf. bladrad): cumhthach na cairge caime / bladraighe fairge feile, BB 37a12 . See Hog. Onom., Carrac B.

1 cáem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cáem or dil.ie/7590

 

Forms: cáomh

adj I o, ā

(a) dear, precious, beloved; belonging to the family : gaibid immib a n-etach macc cóimsa amal no ndad maicc cóima gl. sicut electi Dei, Wb. 27b16 ( GOI 224 ). im chorpu aiso coim `of their loved ones', Ml. 65c3 . inna gell choima .i. in maicc són `the dear pledges', 123c9 . co Críst coem tar dili `dear beyond affection', Fél. Ep. 66 . caem cách co hÉtain, BDD² 44 . caem incele coimshearcach, IT iii 12 § 19 . carthannacht cháomh, Párl. na mB. 2726 . ba caeom (coem, v.l.) do chlu, TTebe 3383 . In sense of noble (see II (a) below): beritt a n-aithbíu ┐ a marbu cóemu condicce airther R., Ériu iii 141.204 . In n. pr. Echtra Condla Chaim (title of a tale), LU 9991 . Conla Cáem, LL 13447 . mael caem, name of a metre, IGT Metr. Faults § 92 . Of objects dear, precious, valuable : cid cóem cid dichóem (of furniture). Críth G. 225 . sét cáeim, TBFr. 330 . cet[h]ri dorais ind cen brōn / bith oc ōl tria bitha sír / turib ciprib ūair is cæm / cōel fo tuighib d'itib en (of a house), ZCP viii 108.14 . ro dilaitriccsiot a ttemplu caemhu cumhdachta, Cog. 40.27 . cathbarra caem, Stair Erc. 735 . Of clothes: tlacht caom, ML² 499 . lenti . . . coema, Cog. 160.30 co n-edaigib caema . . . ar[a] eochaib, TTebe 4437 .

In phrase is c.¤ la: la Crist . . . / . . . it cóimseom they are beloved by Christ, Fél. Sept. 2 . nipo chóim less frinn gl. qui etiam proprio Filio non pepercit, Romans viii 32 , Wb. 4b12 . doberar fīn dō . . . corbo mesc ┐ asber fris, ba cōem leōsom a llindsin, nī tobrad acht ere .l. fēn leō they considered that wine precious, they had only brought a load of fifty carts(?), TBC-I¹ 1536 ( LU 6004 ); whence, mistakenly, caem .i. beg, ut est: ba caem leósum in linn, Ériu xiii 67 § 79 . coemh no caomh .i. beag, O'Cl. caomh .i. beag, P. O'C. Note also: caem .i. terc ut est inti dia mbi caeimiu in cethra .i. is terci, O'Dav. 484 , corresp. to: dia mbi caime in cethra, Laws iii 464.4 Comm. O'Curry 1388 ( H 3.18, 630ab ) adds: uair caem gach diuir ┐ diuir gach terc etc. = 230 ( H 3.18, 125 ).

(b) fair, beautiful, lovely : it cóema na heich am cóemsa dano a maccán ol Cu., LU 5070 (TBC). mo chú ch.¤ chain, TBC-LL¹ 530 . laoch caomh, TBC St. 4228 . cuirp coema, Cog. 178.12 . a M. in c[h]rotha caímh, ML² 47 . caomha na cláir ad-chífe lovely the lands, DDána 66.4 . fuinn chaomha Caisil, 74.14 . rath na cathrach caoimhe, Keat. Poems 1508 . grís chaomh ar car a smáile, IGT Decl. ex. 1066 . an mhaidin chaomh, ML² 1670 (see also , compds. infra). Of speech: coil ┐ cóim `simple and beautiful', Sg. 26a10 . briathra cóema cúmtaigthe, PH 314 . fitting, suitable, appropriate : ma do ti dam caem, Laws i 122.7 Comm. Of gender: aicned caemh . . . is i a sron no a suil na mna. Aicned n-eitigh . . . is i a fhiacail no a bhel na mna i.e. a.c. occurs when the parts of the body cited agree in gender with the sex of the person, Auraic. 598 , 3129 . ruidlius do indsge aiccenta caom. Dilius do indsge aiccenta euccaom, 3708 . Adv. ríg Connacht c.¤ doscomort `well he smote them', Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 50 , cf. coemh .i. coimhéimh .i. coimhésgaidh, O'Cl. caomh prompt, ready, willing , P. O'C.

Compar. ingen ríg bad chaímiu oldás, BDD² 79 . dírimm bas choímiu, TBFr. 47 . .ix. mna comiu mnaib, BB 355a19 . ben robo caoime cruth . . . inas, Stair Erc. 5 . Superl. ba sí . . . as caemeam . . . de mnáib domain, BDD² 41 . fer . . . as caíme di laechaib Hérenn, 959 . daoine . . . is caoimhe cruth, Measgra D. 16.13 .

II Subst. o, m. cáomh m., IGT Decl. § 96 .

(a) friend, relation; comrade : cach óen scaras . . . fria chóem ┐ a charait, LU 4506 ( TBC-I¹ 23 ). dia chaim no dia charait, SR 4144 . ni aithgnead cóemu na cairdiu, LU 5921 . dia ch.¤ .i. dia chloind ┐ dia shetchib, LB 143a35 . cen choim cen gilla, Rawl. 142b1 . d'furtacht chaeím, na coiccele, AFM vi 2266.17 . síol gCéin ba caomh d'éileachaibh, Content. xxix 26 . Cf. sainchóim ind ríg gl. maxime fidelium, Wb. 28d5 .

(b) noble, aristocrat : caemh .i. uasal, ut est caiti faill caem? . . . .i. in t-uasal cen fiallus manchuine ica comét, O'Dav. 521 . coem .i. comes .i. coemtechtaige rīg .i. nī bī fer dond rīg quam illi unde caem dicitur , O'Mulc. 235 . coim Ereand, Anecd. i 3.10 ( SCano 53 ). eter rígu ┐ chaemu, BDD² 53 . in tan con-gair Fīnsnechta / cucai a chōemu huile, Corp. Gen. 77.17 . do rochair for rí ┐ do rochratar for coím, LL 276a35 . oc togerad c.¤ nErenn, Dinds. 117 ( RC xvi 68 ). na diamra ro chrech in c.¤ , LL 4364 . áilim Mothairén in breo / tabrad ceo darm' chaemusa (: Aengusa), SG 389.42 . blaī būaid cuirmthige co coīmaib the privilege of the ale-feast with nobles (one of the occasions on which a lord is exempt if subjects are hurt), ZCP xi 93 § 28 . Hence used of company, entertainment : caem .i. fledh (quoting the prec. ex.), Ériu xiii 66 § 68 . caomh .i. fleadh, P. O'C. banchóem female noble , see 1 ben. By inference(?): cóem .i. fili [ut est] a chóemu cláir Cuinn cóemfind. O'Dav. 363 . caomha .i. eolaidh no uaisle, O'Cl. ni coí crábaid diar caemaib, LL 591 ( .i. d'eolchaibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 66.16 note). Cf. maccoím.

(c) fair or beautiful object or person: 'sin choem chomardach, LB 124b11 = 'san chaomh chomhordhach, Keat. iii 2054 (of a flag). 'na chaomh béime a beauty of a stroke, Párl. na mB. 3261 . baili na cluinter caem na failti na cumsanad, YBL 86a8 . teacht i gcaomh chaomhnach ar gcairdis ghrinn, Hackett² xxvii 2 . Of a person: rap í in ch.¤ a chetmunter the beautiful one was his wife, LL 17766 . Maodócc an caomh cneis-réidh `M. the fair', BNnÉ 261 § 221 .

Compds. Of family relationships: caomhathair, caomhmathair, caomhaide, caomhmuime, caomhbhrathair, caoimhsiur, caomhaindear, caoimchele, caomcomalta, go mba hógh go lúi lethdire, dia mbeid aoinbheóil aoinchiche etc.., Ériu xiii 16.14 . ben cen caemchéile spouse, CCath. 2233 . dia chaomh chenel fein, AFM iv 1374.1 . ní fhágfadh ben dinn 'ga coimhfher mate, Ériu i 16.12 . ón ti is comfocus do da caimfine, Laws ii 284.15 Comm. accomul a comuir doib re caemfine, 358.19 Comm.

General. With nouns: ar a chaomhairilleadh, ┐ ar a deighbhésaiph, Hy Fiach. 76.2 . caembachall fri hursclaidhe uadh (weapon for a cleric), Laws iv 360.21 Comm. at soer im cach coemcha[i]ṅgein / amal iasc bis hi trethain, SR 8195 . addeoch-sa na coemcainle (caindel) saints, LL 1021 . Cirine cruit coemhchiuil, Gorm. 30 . manid gau dó tria choemcheilg because of his lucky snaring(?), SR 2866 . tria choemchēil, Fing. R. 660 . tucsat ar coemching hi cacht, LB 228 marg. inf. cliath ra heclais mairg dogní / do neoch danáil a chaimchlí, LL 19301 . ata muir imma coemchness, Rawl. 77b32 . fri inmescad cóemchóecat, LU 8889 ( FB 68 ). mo shaoth a chaomh-chorp i gcróchor, Keat. Poems 19 . im chóemchostud na fledi fair arrangement of the feast, MU² 211 . ferr cīall inā cæmchruth (prov.), ZCP vi 260.23 . in cú ruadh . . . / comad táisech caemchuaine leader of a fair pack (used ironically), SG 57.2 . oslaicfitir coemdoirsi, SR 8189 . dúthracht cennsa ┐ . . . / cāemdūdracht, ZCP viii 215.2 . cupáin aici is caeimeascra, Acall. 783 . A. cóemfer, Gorm. Apr. 16 . ar fedh caomh-fód (fhóid, v.l.) a chrioch féin, BNnÉ 259 § 218 . ar egnairc na caom-geine (of Christ). Ir. Lit. 98.1 . As n.pr. do Chaemgen, LL 27272 . coro chuired re Cond cóemgleó, 3252 . car an chaoimh-láoi, RC xxix 112 § 7 . Flaith Fáil car an cháomhlaithi / ag car áir na hénlaithe, IGT Decl. ex. 132 . i fhorbtha . . . in chaem-laithi cedna, MR 106. 12 . Eua co coemlí, SR 2082 . caomhloisi .i. caomhlasair, O'Cl. amal timsaigit oíc . . . ceatra for carrcib co cáemlucht cruaid, Alex. 358 . dho chaomhmaisi an chlobhsdra `decency', RSClára 44.14 . coemrád, SR 2750 . nírop seóta sír-thaiscius / sernas do cách caémhratha `who apportions good grants to everyone', Leb. Cert.² 150.24 . a Chú cosin caemriagail, TBC-LL¹ 3672 . co mbad chennach dia cóemréir, LU 4296 ( SG 84. 25 ). no co cumad a caemrus (:tūs) `compact', Fen. 362.2 (see rús). in ghleiri caemshluaigh (of a poetic company). Auraic. 2229 . domun cona choemsoillsi, SR 8191 . dorochair di a coemthlacht, 1296 . nogegainn mo chōimthoga, ZCP vi 267 § 11 . oenanart tairsiu anechtair / coemthoracht cia comnertaid, SR 4286 . coemthuicsin cach neich, 8000 . cáomh-thúarasgbhail na banoighe, Ériu v 88.24 .

With noun forming adj.: Cathbad cóemainech, IT i 68.14 . coemainech cloth bán, 70.2 .

With adjj.: inghen cruthach caomhaluinn, RC xxix 140 § 61 . rigon . . . chaemcasto, IT i 145.5 (corresp. to cæmgasta, ZCP v 502.16 ). mac d'Airectonius caemcialla Tros, BB 412a21 . Críst cóemdil, Trip.² 1631 . Cirill crinna caemdruin, Gorm. March 9 . cathmīlid cōemḟata, Corp. Gen. 8.10 . fer cáemḟuar, Mer. Uil. 250 . in ingen chéilligh c[h]oimghenmnaigh, Ériu v 148.30 . carn-ḟolt caomh-ghlan, Keat. Poems 68 . cen gúasacht coemnar, SR 1037 . co coimsolom, BB 45a16 . banscal cruthnach coemtrebar, SR 6296 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: a Ch. chaemchlessach, TBC-LL¹ 3542 . ar miasaib coimdenmacha cruindi, TTebe 468 . o chloidheamh . . . coimealtach, IT iii 12 § 19 . Caillin caemfertach, Fen. 194.15 . Ō C. caemhfhuighlech, Caithr. CC 85 . cáemgnéach (of a hero), LL 6700 ( RC xxix 211 § 2 ). coemhichtaig .i. coemgnimaig gl. cumachtaig, ACC 42 ( RC xx 176 ). taidiu corach caemlindtech. Acall. 2674 v.l. a ccuanta caomhthurcarthacha, AFM vi 2362.19 .

With verbs: .vii. ṁbliadna a coic ro chaemchaith, LL 14962 . cororcoemchinni co gle / nitgluase, nitchumscaige, SR 1619 . cia crabud nar caemfhuill `did he not lovingly increase', Gorm. Sept. 23 . naomhcathir . . . cus caomhthathaig an muir mall, ZCP x 53.12 . With partt. fon sruth coemcoisrectha duly consecrated, TTebe 3608 . sciath . . . go ttri rothaibh caoimhdhentha credumha, ZCP x 279.21 .

caíme

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caíme or dil.ie/7773

 

n f. (cáem)

(a) beauty, loveliness : mo ordan . . . mo caoime mo chlothaigi, LL 385b11 ( Leb. Cert.² 150 ). cíall, cóime . . . (attributes of a good woman), ZCP viii 113.18 . ara coími (of Fand), LU 3377 ( SCC 17 ). ar chóemi a gnússi, 10150 . fūath dēa ar a c[h]óeme, ZCP viii 301.19 . Cormac co cóeme chrotha, LL 3625 . co n-a caíme , MR 114.16 . cāeime na cloistechta, ZCP viii 200 § 7 . a chaime ┐ a chobsaide na cathrach sin, LU 2480 . eter chaími ┐ chumtachtae (of a house), 8047 ( FB 1 ). caoimi a cúan the beauty of its harbours, Anecd. i 25 § 5 . samhail Chrot gCliach ar chaoimhe, DDána 64.33 .

(b) charity, kindliness : do línadh . . . a caeimhe o comaonta, Aisl. Tond. 140.5 . ni fil rechtgi na trócaire lib, Alex. 988 corresp. to: na cáimí, BB 499a46 . la Comman co coeme `with C. the loveable', Gorm. Dec. 26 .

1 caimme

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caimme or dil.ie/7776

 

n , f. (camm) crookedness : hi caimmi gl. flexuossa formatio, Ml. 99d1 . gan chaime, gan claeine (of a well-aimed blow), IT ii2 139 n 10 . Feargus Cerrbhel .i. [cirre .i.] caime bái ina bhél, Cóir Anm. 131 . curve, bend(?): ri cothugud na caimmi cinti isna claraib (building of Argo), LL 30947 ( TTr. 129 ). In moral sense: go lúbfainn mo chaime dod' thoil-se, De Imit. 191.17 . fiche a cethair cen ch.¤ / ba flaith Fiacha Labrainne `without duplicity', MacCarthy 162.1 .

calmatus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. calmatus or dil.ie/8077

 

n o, m. = 2 calma: a nert nach a ch.¤ , LU 9047 ( FB 79 ). ar ndith a neirt ┐ a chalmatais, CCath. 4619 . ar eigin, ar c.¤ `strength', Laws v 276.2 Comm. slonnud Cairpri ō[a] chalmotos `C. got his name from his bravery', Ériu xvi 161 § 8 . cath cruth caíme c.¤ , Ériu viii 68.32 . ar amainse ar chirt ar c.¤ , LU 10300 . soidheach diongmhala . . . ar chalmatas (of prince), AFM iii 578.13 .

cerbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cerbaid or dil.ie/8744

 

Forms: cirrbaid, cirrbaigid, cerbad

v later also cirrbaid, cirrbaigid. IGT Verbs §§ 67 , 82 . See Ériu xxii 48 .

(a) hacks, lacerates, cuts (off): nos cerband ┐ nos bruend iat combo lán in glend día fulriud, LU 8881 ( FB 67 , H). nír sguir gur cirrbad a chnes, Anecd. i 37 § 97 . i ndígail M. rocerb, TFerbe 657 . mor cnes curad ro cerbbait do saigtibh, CCath. 6016 . cerbsat colna fa cra ruad `hacked', Celt. Rev. iv 216.15 . ri is mo . . . ro chirph do merlichib, Ann. Conn. 1224.2 (`mutilated'). gur chréachtnaigh ┐ gur chiorrbhaigh sochaidhe . . . dhíobh, CRR² 37 . ? o cearptardi a cuctlí / atbertar cid Picti, Todd Nenn. 130.19 (? leg. cearptar dia . . . ).

(b) diminishes, cuts short : c.¤ sam súaill sruth `summer cuts the stream small', Ériu xvii 89 § 3 . lúdh mo chuirpse go gciorrbhaid, Aithd. D. 92.13 . ciorrbhuighthear bliadhna na bpeacthach (breviabuntur), TSh. 2678 . ciorróig Dia dream na fallsóireachta (perdere), Párl. na mB. 1872 .

(c) mortifies : go gciorrbhadh a cholann féin, TSh. 7220 . do ciorrbhadh a chorp lé Colum C. . . . lé troscadh, Keat. iii 1635 .

? a Medb . . . / nīt cerb cāime nūachair, TBC-I¹ 2283 = nít chredb, TBC-LL² 2696 .

Vn. cerbad.

cerr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cerr or dil.ie/8782

 

adj o, ā

(a) crooked, wry, maimed : sōais [C.] [in muilend] reime ar tuáthbel, conid Muilenn C.¤ ōsin alle hē, BColm. 58.26 ; 102.23 . sronch.¤ M., Auraic. 5243 ( LL 5097 ). baccach no dall no bodhar no cérr, TTr.² 1485 (`lefthanded'). in ben is bacach lam .i. in ben c.¤ `crippled', Laws i 142.1 Comm. inghen ch.¤ marbhlamach . . . ┐ a lamh dhes arna táth fría táobh, BNnÉ 296 § 28 (inghen ciorbhach, v.l.). Lughaidh . . . , nár ch.¤ , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 30.y . an té sin nach faghthar acht cearr, / foidhnne is fearr a dhéanamh leis perverse(?), Dánfhocail 229 . As epithet: maic Achir Chirr, Metr. Dinds. iii 68.41 ( LL 19991 ). la E. Cendselach c.¤ , LL 7062 . Conid c.¤ rex Dal Riati, AU i 98.7 (an. 629). Fig. at variance with(?): ni c.¤ fri brig buidni bla / ferr cach ríg ri cos' tuctha, SR 7667 .

(b) In B. na f. dumb : assa ós (.i. bél) is cearr (.i. balbh) gach creath (.i. gach eladha), ZCP v 484 § 7 (B. na f.). oscar . . . os gin ┐ c.¤ balb, O'Dav. 1326 .

Compd. ¤-bél wry-mouth (epithet): F. Cerrbhel .i. . . . caime bái ina bhél, Cóir Anm. 131 . D. mic Cerbaill . . . .i. cerrball .i. cerrbeol .i. bél c.¤ , SG 82.16 .

cirre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cirre or dil.ie/9219

 

n [, f.] (cerr) crookedness : Fergus Cerrbhel .i. [c.¤ .i.] caime bái ina bhél, Cóir Anm. 131 . Cerball .i. c.¤ bēl, Corm. Y 398 .

comaithech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comaithech or dil.ie/10692

 

Forms: cuíbhtheacha, comaid-, comaich-, comaig-, coimith-, coimid-, coimich-, coimig-, comaigthech, coimhthigheach, coimhithigheach, coimthech

(comaithe) Form v. variable. Cf. cuíbhtheacha (pl.), Trompa na bhF. 718 . See Éigse ix 163 .Also comaid-, comaich-, comaig-, coimith-, coimid-, coimich-, coimig-. In Mid. Ir. freq. comaigthech (cf. comhaithchech, Ériu xiii 21.30 ) and, in later lang., coimhthigheach ( Oss. v 12.10 ), coimhithigheach ( Gen. xvii 12 ), coimthech ( TTebe 482 ), etc.

I Adj. o ā belonging to a neighbour; belonging to another, not one's own, not related; unusual; extraneous, foreign, alien : leth aithgin . . . dam dia cethraib fein . . . aithgin ma cethra comaithche `neighbouring cattle', Laws v 156.10 Comm. cat c.¤ sin, ┐ da madh hé cat na cuile bodein . . . a cat not belonging to the house, O'D. 2012 ( Eg. 90, 15b ). do eclais bunaidh ┐ da eclais comaithig unconnected, 1583 ( H 5.15, 7b ). da mnai fein . . . do mnai coimithigh, Laws ii 418.1 Comm. a crích comaithig, LL 8116 . na cáin do bhen as comair dhaoine gcomaighthech `strangers', Ériu v 128 § 21 . eachtrand nó ciniudha comaighthe, CCath. 5808 . do chum an chatha comhaithigh, TFrag. 106.8 . bērla comaidheach foreign language, RC xxiv 383.10 . gídh coimhighech sin aniu (of the use of the title `rí' for Ó Dubhda), Hy Fiach. 298.16 . tre briatraib . . . mna caime . . . coimithi, RC xi 320.13 . a curadaib comithi, TTebe 1547 (comidhthi, v.l.). for ferand c.¤ on land belonging to another, Fél.² xxv n. 206 . re cach coiccrich coimigthig, Hy Maine 88.9 . ní comhoightheach unhereditary, Top. Poems² 1022 . gairdiughadh comhaithach = extraneus, ITS xxix 127.26 . connsaine com[haidh]each an extra consonant (not found in n s. rí, fili), Bard. Synt. Tr. 221.7 (p. 166) . connsuine comhuidheach ar a dheireadh, mur tá so: rí ┐ mac an ríogh, IGT Introd. § 132 . Crích Muman . . . / tucsat fa cruth comhoigeach `brought . . . into strange guise', Ériu iv 222 § 40 . an chlann comuighech = alienus, Smaointe B. Chr. 4768 . mar mnaoi comhaigthigh, 1528 . o mogh (= -dh) nua comhuighech = inconsuetus, 2927 . innus nach beth briathur Dia comhuighthech oruinn foreign to us, 2312 . dul san chlaochládh choimhidheach putting on a strange appearance (of a ruined dwelling), Measgra D. 56.28 . bhudh í an chara chomhuightheach `a queer kind of friend', O'Hara 1272 . cenēl comhaigthech do thruailledh fīr-f[h]ola na rīghachta, Fl. Earls 224.9 . an chuid chomuidheach = `lo ageno', Desid. 756 . a chuid do ní choimhidheach `share of something belonging to another', Parrth. Anma 3459 . an peacadh do mhédúghadh 'na nádúir féin gan peacadh coimhitheach do thabhairt chuigi unrelated, Mac Aingil 2948 . coinfeasóir coimhitheach do thabhairt . . . do mhnáibh riaghalta . . . seach an ccoinfeasóir ngnáthach unaccustomed, 2809 . na dée comhaightheacha = deos alienos, TSh. 7046 . gach ladrann caethach `every foreign churl', O'Rah. i 8 .

In religious verse freq. of the body, perh. in sense of hostile: ná hiarr orum / do riar, a cholann chomhaidheach, Aithd. D. 61.5 . corp comhuidheach . . . / olc dobhuidheach doiriartha, 80.29 . a chalann chomhoidheach, Dán Dé xxii 21 . an chuirp chomhoidhigh, PBocht 6.30 . is mé ceangailte a cclí choimhthigh, Párl. na mB. 2010 (= chuímhthig, 4039 ). Adv. diarr se go coimthigeach bainne ┐ leanna anéineacht air, ITS xvi 142.z (`with an ill-timed request for milk').

II Subst. o, m. comhuidhech comhuithech coimhidhech coimhithech m., IGT Decl. § 23 .

(a) neighbour; person who is in comaithches and subject to its regulations: dligid cach c.¤ diarailiu tuididin usci `each neighbour', Coibnes 10 ( Laws iv 212.30 ). hi t(h)ir comaithich bes comoccus doib, Laws iv 192.10 . on do econn berar a commainib c.¤ which is given out of the joint funds of fellow tenants, v 370.4 . frisna cethri comaithchiu ata nesom immidbiat fri da taeb `to the four neighbours next to him on the two sides', i 260.10 ( .i. risna cethra comithigh ad comnesa dó, 274.27 Comm. ). slan fairgse mbrogaid mbruidrechta ingraide tire comdidan coímitheach, iv 48.13 . ardmeas comaitheach the assessment of the neighbours, O'D. 2416 ( Rawl. B 506, 53d ). diambí aír no lesainm adlia .i. dia foclat comaithigh co lilfi fri ré a í ┐ a iarmui, 976 ( H 3.17, 679e ). cath etir do thuaith-siu . . . ┐ a comaithgiu = inter tuam gentem et aliam, Lat. Lives 86.11 . comaithig immorro do Maelodrān Huī Māil ┐ ba holc immorro a chomaithchess doib, Fing. R. 954 . cocartte (.i. comaithich) sin do Dessib Maige Breg, Rawl. 134a1 . Sidon cona chomaidchib, LL 16287 . cech uli glacad . . . d'a ṅdingir ar chomaigthech one who is not related, PH 7541 (`a stranger'). bó cach liss i Mumain ┐ uinge cach comaithig `house-owner', MacCongl. 57.11 . With implication of inferiority, small-holder(?): deroile do chineoil . . . uair mac comaithigh thu, TFrag. 202.10 . an tan lámhuid comhaitigh . . . eirgidh a n-aighidh saorchlann, 236.8 .

(b) stranger, alien, foreigner, outsider : cethri cinnu c.¤ , LL 8230 ( TBC-LL¹ 787 ). coimighthi no amhuis, Ériu viii 121.12 . comaightech gl. alienigena, Ir. Gl. 314 . o chomichib (contrasted with o na comarsannaib), PH 7574 . fer tigi n-aideag cotchind do cliaraib ┐ do comaigtib, Ann. Conn. 1249.16 . caomhthach gach chomhuidhigh, DDána 70.21 (`friend of every stranger guest', Ir. Monthly, 1920, 652 ). ' com facbail aonur itir comaighechaibh, Grail 736 . cossin ceth[r]or comothech assin cetharaird `the four strangers', Misc. Arch. Soc. 136.4 . go dtobhaighthir do thamall / ar chomhaighthibh cumann `that love may be got for a time (even) from foes', PBocht 4.20 . coimhidhigh chláir groighigh Grég, IGT Decl. ex. 832 . ar comhaithechaibh = strangers, RSClára 127a .

1 dair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dair or dil.ie/14250
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: daur, Daur, daro, dair, daro, darach, ralach, daro, dara, darach, darcha, dairrge, dairghe, dhíoṁora, dairgi, dairghe, Daurgabal, Daur-ṡaegul, dair-ḟid, dauruth, daur-gráinne, daurgráne i gráne darach, daurgráinne, dair-imme, dair-mag, dairmess, dair, daire, dara, darach, daraighe

n i & k, daur u, f., earlier neut. (?): dair nduillech, Ériu xxvi 83 § 14 . Daur, gen. daro, is the older, dair, gen. daro, darach the later inflexion ( Thurn. Hdb. 196 ). For the inflexion cf. rail, gen. ralach. In AU the genitive daro (in Cell Daro) continues to 918, after which dara and darach.

I An oak. quercus .i. daur, Sg. 38 a 9 . is clí darach Moysi, Wb. 33 a 5 . uath na darach cnú na darach, Zeuss 260 . hec quercus. dair, Ir. Gl. 554 . quercus .i. in dair, RC ix 240. 4 . gallus autoun ubhall duilli na darach, ACL i 327. 20 (= H 3.15, A 48 a ). airigh feada dair coll cuileand &c. Laws iv 146. 21 ; 148. 18 (commentary). dair. cid dombeir [i]n-airechus hi? a meas ┐ sáire, ib. 148. 26 . díre ndarach, ib. 148. 19 . gabais Fergus...dair mór...assa frémaib, ScM. 18 (in ndaraig móir, Rawl., Hib. Min. 56. 7 ). tópacht and cétbunni darach, TBC-LL¹ 563 . gráne darach, LL 311 b 18 . na daire romóra secha táncamar, ib. 264 b 42 . masa dairi feda feirn as chaill chairn, ib. 265 a 27 . sech rennaib na ndairi, ib. 265 a 20 . ferand lán do dairib dairmessa, ib. 162 b 18 . ba tuairgain darach gho do dhorn(aibh) RC x 335. 14 . fidhbadh...ibair ┐ daraig móra i suidhiu, ib. 72. 2 . maer (i.e. móir) aen inna ndarach mór in gésca, ib. 74. 3 . mes ara dairgibh donnuibh, Acall. 343 . la dairghibh ┐ omnuibh, ZCP i 390. 12 . co ndairghibh, SG 346. 39 . ina ndarachaib, 299. 29 . robenatar dairbre glasdarach CRR 37 . acc dol i ndaraig i ndreim rothuit a daraigh i tein, Anecd. ii 27. 26 . dair dermair cen rúsc cen duille, CCath. 338 . eochrann darach derṁaire, ib. 336 . amal daracho dímóra, Aen. 187 . darcha (a pl.), Bucol. 40 . dairrge, LL 308 a 15 . a dairghe (n pl.) dhíoṁora, Cog. 198. 28 . dairgi dainngne (n pl.) ZCP vi 279. 36 . dairghe (n pl.), Ériu v 60. 27 . co fuaratar cuais darach, LB 247 a 50 . a dhair dhosach dhuilledhach, B IV 1, fo. 88 a . PROV. nirbo hesarguin darach do dorn, Anecd. ii 72. 7 .

II Oak-timber, oak-wood (as material). Usually only in gen. clar ndara idir cach dí caomdai, Laws iv 304. 21 Comm. iana ┐ dromlacha ┐ dabcha darach, ib. v 94. 10 Comm. durrtaigi .i. durthech .i. dairthech .i. tech darach, ib. 102. 27 Comm. co ndernad tech ṅdarach di, LL 280 a 20 . hi tech ndarach, LU 19 a 17 . tech darach co tugi slinned, FB 55 . lán a dá glac lais do lommanaib darach, ib. 81 . ...do dénam na cathrach. Mas do daraig...mas da licc YBL 124 a 8 = Ériu ii 22. 28 . buinne darach, Ériu v 62. 3 .

III The letter d. duir is o chrann rohainmniged, BB 325 a 37 . sealbhadh duir ag dol i nion | ... | sealbhadh tinne ag dol i nduir 'the sealbhadh of d becomes n ... the sealbhadh of t becomes d', Éigse xxxvi 38 § 4 . do duir ┐ do gourt, Auraic. 4324 .

LOC. i nDruimm Daro .i. Druim Lias, Thes. ii 238. 14 . do Druim Dara bali atá indiú Druim Lias, Trip., i 144. 18 . Ess Dara, Acall. 1511 . Cell Dara, ib. 693 . co sanctaib Cille Dara, Trip. 349. 1 . epscop Cille Daro, AU i 40. 6 . abatisa Cille Daro, ib. 436. 5 . Áth na darach caime , Hog. Onom. 67 . iarla Chille Dara, TSh. 152. 7 . Dair-inis Valentia Island : Mael Anfaid na Darinse, LL vi 51768 . Daur-mag, dair-mag, dur-mag, der-mag Durrow CRR p. 127 . Holder 1241 . Onomast.

PERS. Fadb Darach hua Omna, CRR 18 , cf. Daurach. Daurgabal oak-fork LL 328 d 22 . g s. tri meic Daurgabail, ib. 328 upper marg. Daur-ṡaegul oak-age , ib. 23 .

COMPS. dair-ḟid, dauruth an oak-wood , see dair-ḟid, dauruth. daur-gráinne: daurgráne i gráne darach an acorn LL 311 b 18 . daurgráinne, Rawl. 118 a 22 . dair-imme an oaken fence Laws iv 76. 17 . dairime isin -chaill, ib. 28 . dair-mag, v. supra. dairmess acorns, oak-mast . habundantia dairmesa, AU i 236. 1 . co nimad dairṁessa, ALC i 404. 28 . gairid in trét fo dairbri dairmessa, LL 144 b 2 . ferand lán do dairib dairmessa, ib. 162 b 18 . dairmes do degmucaib, ib. 386 a 20 . mag lán dia dairmes, Lib. Flav. 27 a 2 . 44 .

MOD. dair, gen. daire, dara, darach, daraighe.

duine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. duine or dil.ie/19139
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: duine, dune, duini, duni, duine, dune, duini, duiniu, duniu, duinu, duini, duni, duine, duini, duni, duine, duini, doín-, dóini, dóini, doini, dúini, doeni, dóini, doini, dáini, daini, dóinib, doinib, dáinib, dainib, dóenib, dóine, doine, dáine, daine, doeine, dáine, doíne, daíne, duin-, dune, duíne, duine, duinib, nduinib, dúinib, dúini, duini

n io, m. n s. duine, Wb. 4d6 , 8b8 , etc.; Ml. 35c23 , etc.; SR 450 ; PH pass. dune, Ml. 33c12 , 35c33 ; Hib. Min. 433 ; Mon. Tall. 133.24 ; LU 3509 ( SCC § 27 ). duini, SR 3284 , 3601 , 4645 . duni, SR 449 , 2901 ; CRR 18 ; ? IT i 222.11 . a s. duine, Wb. 4d33 , 21b15 ; Ml. 74b14 ; Fél. Ep. 215 ; SR 186 , etc. dune, Hy. v 81 . duini, SR 6236 . d s. duiniu, Ml. 20d2 , 54b2 , 54b11 , etc. Ardm. 17b1 ( Thes. ii 239.17 ); Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 246.29 ). duniu, TBC-I¹ 1745 LU. duinu, ZCP viii 173.22 . duini, Wb. 4b3 ; SR 7889 . duni, Ml. 49b8 ; LU 3941 ( SCC § 44 ). duine, PH pass. , the usual form in later lang. g s. duini, Wb. 12a29 , b12 ; Ml. 35c31 , 74b13 ; Sg. 28b20 ; Cambr. 37d ; Tur. 86 ; SR 1144 , 7884 . duni, IT i 195.7 , 219.4 ; TBC-LL¹ 3875 . duine, SR 8230 , 8272 (usual form in later lang.). dune, FA § 10 . v s. duini, Wb. 1c8 ; Ml. 70d4 ; LU 4016 ( SCC § 46 ). In pl. with stem doín-. n p. dóini, Wb. 8a14 , 22a30 ; Ml. 69b1 ; Fél. Nov. 6 ; SR 643 ; in dóini , Wb. 12d36 ; Sg. 39a23 . doini, Wb. 33c1 ; Ml. 27d1 , 36d16 , 51d77 . dúini, Mon. Tall. 132.33 . doeni, SR 7781 . a p. dóini, Wb. 20d1 , 28b3 ; Ml. 138c1 ; Fél. Ep. 421 ; FB § 57 . doini, Ml. 51b8 , 55d21 , etc. dáini, Ml. 121c12 . daini, 134d3 . d p. dóinib, Wb. 3a5 , 18c5 , 24d4 ; Ml. 24b3 ; SR 4014 . doinib, Ml. 24b14 , 51d12 ; Sg. 189b9 ; SR 3122 . dáinib, SR 3280 , 3876 , etc. dainib, 964 , 5115 ; FA § 34 . dóenib, SR 3910 , 5364 , 7535 , cf. 448 , 1977 . g p. dóine, Wb. 4d4 , 5c16 , 7c13 . doine, 18c13 ; Ml. 16b12 , 31a12 , 14 ; Tur. 45 , 65 ; Cambr. 37b . dáine, FA § 2 . daine, SR 5920 . doeine, AU 986 . v p. dáine, SR 5536 .

In Mid.Ir. pl. doíne, daíne ( doene, Fél. Ep. 152 LB; TBC-LL¹ 6198 ). Also with stem duin- (in some cases perh. duín- for O.Ir. doín-). collai dune , TBC-I¹ 2056 . = duíne, LU 6571 . cet duine , AU 1042 . do duinib , Laws i 268.2 . iar nduinib , ii 278.21 . ar . . . dúinib , Hy. vii Pref . ( Thes. ii 354.4 ). dúini sruithi, Mon. Tall. 152 .

For divergent explanations of the forms see Vendryes, RC xl 437 , Brugmann, ZCP iii 595 , Borgström, Norsk tidsskrift for Sprogvidenskap xii 83 , O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 156 .

IGT Decl. §§ 79 , 205 .

Human being , in widest sense, including both sexes; in sing. oft. = man (in general), mankind: gl. homo, Ir. Gl. 953 , cf. 436 ; Wb. 1c8 , 24d4 ; ZCP viii 173.22 (Fulda Gl.). is e in d.¤ cómlan, in fer ┐ in ben, PH 572 . for[s]in d.¤ coitchenn etir firu ┐ mná humankind in general, RC xxv 244 (LU). Adam oenathair na ndoene, | d.¤ rodelb Dia na ndam, LL 136b15 . ó chruthughadh an d.¤ from the creation of man, Leb. Gab.(i) 4 . dorigéni Dia corp duini, Wb. 12a29 . rofitir in Coimdiu . . . noregad d.¤ tar a timna, Ériu ii 108 . go mbiaidh fios ag na cineadhachuibh nách bhfuil ionnta féin acht daóine that the nations may know themselves to be but men, Psalms ix 20 . mac an d.¤ Son of Man, John iii 14 . persan maic de ┐ maic duini, Tur. 86 . mac dé mac duini (of Cú Chulainn), LL 13928 . sainredach do Dia in popul sin sech na huli doini olchenae, Ml. 129c15 . do teasragain dāini an domuin do phecadh, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 14 . di doenib in domuin, LL 38 . Distinguished from beings of a different order: miscais Dé ┐ dóine (d.¤, v.l.), Tec. Corm. 20 . in ní as doirbh le dáinibh is soirbh le Dia, SG 19 . síd do doenaib . . . indocbail Dé, SR 7535 . rí doeni . . . rí aingel, 7781 . fri dóini, fri demnai, Fél. Ep. 152 . conad cruim me ┐ nach d.¤ (= sum vermis et non homo), Corm. Y 212 . ba cumma cū ┐ ech ┐ dune and, TBC-I¹ 2002 . conidh anbecht ma do ḟācsat mil nā d.¤ beast or man, RC xviii 11 (Tig.). aittrebthaige na slebti etir míl ┐ cethra ┐ d.¤ , Alex. 433 . co ffarccabhtha na buailte fása co n-a n-indilibh iar n-écc a ndaoineadh uile, AFM ii 846 (1044) . a l-leth ina bratán robói ┐ a lleth n-aill ina d.¤ , SG 236 . ni fri biasta chathaigmit-ni acht is fri dóini, FB § 37 . ní for fírd.¤ . . . acht is for corth[e] cloche, Hy. v 66 Comm.

gs. and gp. oft. equivalent to adj. human: delb duini , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 . atat brechtrad i ciallaib ┐ i n-indlechtaib d.¤ , Alex. 994 (= in doini, Anecd. v 7 ). cethri cenéla liac . . . co cēil ┐ chosmailius dōine, Ériu ii 114 § 43 . lochrann . . . nad cumgaidis sūile dōine dēicsin, TBC-I¹ 2042 .

To denote a particular individual or class of individuals esp. with adj. ( person, people ): in d.¤ in chainchomraic hí that man of peace, Ml. 61c12 . Nuada drúi ba duni garg, Metr. Dinds. ii 72 . duni óc is alaind dath (of Cú Chulainn), TBC-I¹ 63 . mac óig[e] é ┐ dune amra i n-ecnu, ZCP ix 459 . duni is mó is bidba d'Ultaib, CRR 18 . duini delbda (of a woman), SR 4645 . dúini sruithi elders , Mon. Tall. 132 . ní gabhadh almsana . . . acht becan o dhainibh riaghalda monks , Lism. L. 3395 . fri hōl do dāinib scithaib, Corm. Y 48 . is díomhaoineas clann na ndaóine uirísiol, is bréug clann na ndaóine mór, Psalms lxxii 9 . So too in composition with adjj.: ni bó cáemd.¤ samlaid, LL 13576 . gruaim-d.¤ a surly person, Corm. Y 694 . ní bí errach senduni, Fianaig. 26 . trí fuiric thige degduni . . . thige drochduni, Triads 97 , 98 . ho degdóinib gl. a bonis, Ml. 24b3 . isna droch(o) doini gl. in malos, 4 . do degdóinib fer nEgept, SR 4014 . mnaa ┐ meicc ┐ mindóene, TBC-LL¹ 6198 . do maic, a Medb co mbāide, | bat ríg, bat rodáine great people, LL 7137 . Note also: doi-duine .i. degduine, Corm. Y 450 . In address (esp. to an unknown person or with adj.): a duini sechitú, Ml. 70d4 . cia thu, a dh.¤?, BS 100 . caoin thú féin, a dh.¤ bhoicht, Keat. Poems 597 .

Oft. taking the place of an indef. pron. anyone, with neg. no one ; cech d.¤ everyone: ní fil ní dogné dune, Mon. Tall. 133 . for cech ndāil amra dogni d.¤ , Corm. Y 691 . nocon-ḟitir duni a diach none knows, MacCarthy 142 ( LL 127a ). ni fail dune doddecha none can tell it, Hy. v 81 . ní theighim for aeidhideacht do thig d.¤ , BS 82 . a trede i n-imruimdethar cach d.¤ , Thes. ii 253.11 (Stowe M.). cech d.¤ nosgéba whoever shall sing it, Hy. vii Pref . dúthracht maith do cech duiniu, Ériu i 193 . Folld. by a part. gen. or equivalent, one (of a number, class of people): rogabhsat na demhna d.¤ dona daoinibh robháttar aga loscudh, RC xxv 394 . ní ruc aen-d.¤ do chloind dō, YBL 155b5 . ní minic bhíos cumann trír | gan d.¤ for fhodord bibh without one of them murmuring, BS 108 . Cf. further: cetracha do dáinib do mathaib Cairpre forty of C.'s nobles, RC xvii 369 (Tig.). āilli Caerach inā gach d.¤ di delbaibh na mban, ACL iii 308 .

With poss. adj. to denote a friend, follower, etc.; in pl. of family, adherents, countrymen: mo rí, mo ruiri . . . mo duni álaind inmain, TFerbe 534 . Dia mo ruire, Dia mo rí, Dia mo d.¤ , ZCP vii 269 . mór uireasbaidh mo dh.¤-se ar dhaoinibh, Keat. Poems 937 . a Mhuire . . . féag ar do dh.¤ , A. Ó Dálaigh liii 21 . mo ghéanar as d.¤ di happy he who is one of hers, xlviii 23 . Cend Faelad . . . a dáine fén romarb, ZCP ix 483 . Domnall . . . rí Fortuath Laigen do marbad dia dhainib fein, AU 1043 . dobhér taobh rem dháoinibh fodhéin, BS 122 .

Compds. ¤airecht assembly of people, mote: incuirither co nduinairecht `let it be referred to the court', Laws ii 306 . ¤buale lit. man-fold, a curved line of people (soldiers) formed to enclose or entrap an enemy (?): dunibuali ursloicthi ar cind Conchobair ┐ buden tricho chét ac a íadad dia éis, TBC-LL¹ 5134 (dunbaile, -buaile, v.l.), 5117 (dún buaile, dunbhaile, v.l.). ¤chaithe trespass committed by a person: caithe ceathra ┐ duine-caithe, Laws iv 148 ( .i. na cinta aili doniat na daine hisin ferann, 140 Comm. ). fiach duine-caithe, v 268 Comm. daine-caithib .i. do gait ┐ brisid, 462 Comm. ¤chin crime committed by a human being: rucus d. (.i. in cin do-gēna dune) for rop `ich entschied: Menschen-Vergehen trifft das Tier', ZCP xv 329 § 20 . trí ruip conberat duinechinaid whose trespasses count as human offences, Triads 168 . co fiachaib cach ceathra ┐ duine-chindtaib (.i. . . . na cinta doniat na daine), Laws v 462 . ¤chú lit. man-hound; of warriors: rōinfid fuil fēne fo don | la slūag inna nduinechon, TBC-I¹ 2079 . cath Locha Daim, | hi tóethsat in duinechoin 'the battle of Loch Daim in which the warriors will fall', B. in Scáil² 36 § 11 . ¤delb human shape: ba cáime cech duine-deilb | a cuirp, Metr. Dinds. iii 190 . ¤diglaimm description in verse of a person's form and appearance (?); forming an item in curriculum of the student-bard, IT iii 29 . duine-diglaim .i. diglaim delba in duine, 30 . ¤gabáil human booty, captives (coll.): imá duineghabáil ┐ imá bó-gabáil, SG 343 . dar cenn a broite ┐ a duine gabálai, Alex. 320 . ? ¤gnúis of surface of earth peopled by men: bar dunegnuis in talman `Menschenantlitz der Erde', TBC-LL¹ 5027 (tonngnúis, v.l.). for dunignúis in t., 5975 (tonng., v.l.). bar dunadgnuis in t., 4754 . ¤marbad manslaughter, murder: nā dēna duine-marbad, PH 7470 . lucht in duine-marbtha, 7524 . pian na ndaine marvus a n-aithre . . . ┐ gach dainimarbhadh olchenae, Aisl. Tond. iv 2 . do dēnomh sladaigheachta ┐ duinemharptha, Fl. Earls 122 . See dunmarbad. ¤marbthach murderer, homicide: is duine-m. int-íí dobeir fuath, PH 7483 . See dunmarbthach. ¤pláig torment, destruction of human beings: ro-imretor iaromh duineplaigh forro, ZCP xi 61 . ¤tháide lit. man-stealing, i.e. murder with concealment of the body, secret murder (see Cóic Con. 37 - 39 ): rucus duinithāde cen hēraic, ZCP xv 366 § 52 . fell ┐ fingal ┐ duinethaighe, Laws i 56 Comm. im dindas duinethaide, ima eiric iar fis, 184 . aithne na tunataide, iii 98 . ? Cf. don dunmharbhadh . . . madh a tunnaithigh, O'Curry 285 ( H 3.18 157 ). tuntaidhe .i. tonntaidhe .i. marbadh o nither a taidhe, 1967 ( H 4.22 13 ). féich dunetáiti, Cáin Ad. § 46 . amal rongabsat fingala ┐ duineorcni ┐ duinetáidi, RC xv 488 . Feirgil . . . do mharbhadh i nduinethaide F. was secretly murdered, AFM i 522 , ii 600 , iii 594 . Donnchadh . . . a marbadh i dunathaith do lucht Airtich, AU 1349 (ii 490) . See also duineba(d), duinebás, duinegin, duinorcun, duinorcnid.

gába

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gába or dil.ie/25023

 

pn occurs only in the name Oengus mac Oenláme Gábe, TBC-LL¹ 4906. 2815 (= Caime , LU). O. macc Oenláma Gábae, CRR § 8 . Lām Gābuid, Sc.M² § 10 , where origin of sobriquet is given. Oengus mac Lāme Gābaid, ib. O. mac Āenlaime gaibhe, ZCP xiii 169.36 . Cf. Cond mac Oenláma Caíphe, Ériu vi 150.1 .

girra, girre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. girra, girre or dil.ie/25894

 

n (gerr) , f. shortness, brevity: Fergus Gerrbhél .i. girra robhói ina bhél (alternative etym. expl. of Cerrbhél), Cóir Anm. 131 . caime bái ar a bél nó girre, SG ii 469.4 . ar girra in læ, TTebe 419 . ifernn as giorra saogail, BNnÉ 145.51 . escuine ┐ girri shaegail, Fen. 190.25 . giorra an téarma, Dán Dé v 9 . ar ghiorra na cairde, TSh. 3795 . an treas fáth deithbire atá ag an aithrigheach, giorra ré na beatha ré triall aige, ib. 10600 . truagh girre (: sinne) na geamhoidhche, Dánta Gr. 45.16 . foillsighidh giorra na heaslainte, 23 K 42, 8.3 .

in-éren

Cite this: eDIL s.v. in-éren or dil.ie/28573

 

Forms: ineren, aneirined, ineranar

v (in-ess-ren) indic. pres. s. 3 rel. ineren, Laws iii 464.4 Comm. ipv. s. 3 aneirined, iv 102.17 Comm. pass. indic. pres. s. ineranar, ii 374.20 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 38 § 17 ).

compensates, makes compensation: as-renar aithgein cach diubairt co logud no in-eranar a (leg. i) lo imscártha `wird ... bezahlt oder ... hineingezahlt,' Stud. in E. Ir. Law 38 § 17. in ti dia mbi caime in cethra, is é ineren ní as dia raile `who pays out of it to the other,' Laws iii 464.4 Comm. focerdat crann ím an agh mbeo dus ci da lína aneren do alaile as `to know which of the two should pay the other for him,' iv 102.12 Comm. dombeir iarum in tí dhia tuit, ocus aneirined a ceile do urland sealb let his neighbour make compensation, 102.17 Comm.

núa, núae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. núa, núae or dil.ie/33322
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: nōe, nuae, nue, naue, nuu, nuai, núi, nuie, nuai, nui, nui, nui, nuae, nuib, núa, núa, nuadh, núa, núa, na, naoi, núa, núa, naoi, nóe, nú-, nuad, nó-, nuachrechnaigthi

adj io, iā. O.Ir. nōe, Thes. ii 270.6 ( Ardm. 16a2 ). nuae, Ml. 17b5 , 18d6 , etc. nue, Sg. 131b1 . naue, 217 marg. ( Thes. ii p. xxii ); 5b6 . d s m. nuu, Ml. 2b11 , Enchir. Aug. 85a ( ZCP vii 485 ) ? g s n. nuai, Ml. 106d8 (gl. recentis [victoriae], but the glossator prob. thought of the Irish buaid). a s f. núi, Hy. v 74 (nue v.l.). a s n. nuie, Wb. 4b29 , 7c7 , cf. 28b29 (nuiethicid); Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 28 refers this form to núide. d s f. nuai, Ml. 32b14 . nui, 2b11 , 35c3 . n p m. nui, Wb. 22a30 , Ml. 115b4 . a p m. nui, 115b2 . g p n. nuae, 138c16 . d p n. nuib, 75a12 , 139a2 . Mid.Ir. núa (common form), núe. Mod. núa, often written nuadh in classical period. núa, IGT Dec. § 139 , § 204 , § 206 . g s m. núa, na, § 204 . naoi, § 206 (in phr. Rí nimhe naoi; the word neamh being treated as of two genders). Cf. meic Naoi nert-naoi, Irish Texts iv 34.2 . g s f. núa (na nimhe núa), IGT Dec. § 206. d s m. núa, ib. d s f. naoi, ib.; ex. 1934 . The archaic form nóe survives in poetry down to Mod.Ir.; see nódh and 3 nó.

(a) new, recent, fresh: in Glosses translates novus and recens. nua quasi noua , Corm. Y 995. cétal nuae, gl. canticum novum, Ml. 60a12 . moltai nui . . . nad ro cheta riam (= inusitata carmina), 115b4 . ní nuae dunni ind esamnae so this confidence is not new to us, 110d12 , cf. 17b5 . memmbrum naue new parchment, Sg. 217 m. inf. hó shiun co nuie, Wb. 4b29 . is gel cach nua, SCC 43. tech nue, IT i 137.8 ( LU 10580 ) = t. nuad, ib. 21 (Eg.). a tigh naí, ZCP x 345 § 4. dorónad fín nua isna lestraib nuib, PH 5511. forcetul nua, 1688 . sc[el]a an rechta naeí of the new (i.e. Gospel) law, RC x 184.9 . i ndligheadh nua ┐ i seindliccheadh, AFM iii 536 n . an soitheach nua ┐ an sean-shoitheach, TSh. 728. rígh núa, Exodus i 8. a ló na rée nuáidhe of the new-moon, Ezekiel xlvi 1.

(b) of persons in various senses young, fresh, lusty, vigorous, passing in later poetry into that of bright, fair: gilla nua noidenda, LL 267a7 = MU 34.9 (of a boy of 11). Níall núa `young N.', Ériu iv 104.1 . ni nia nad nua fri cotach Conuail `not a champion that is not strong as to the league of C.', ACC 118 ( RC xx 286 ). do throit ra níaíd nua, TBC-LL¹ 3410 ; quoted by O'Cl. with gl. nua .i. lāidir, and so taken by Windisch (mit einem starken Helde). macan Cathbaid coeim ocus Neassa nua `of N. the strong' (? fair, bright), RC vi 177 z . in cuire noem nua (of the Apostles in heaven), KMMisc. 256.2 (= LB 262b37 ). Iosa Chríosd ceann na naomh nua `the bright saints', Dán Dé xxvi 34 .

(c) of things, often fresh, clear, bright, fair: nemh núa, ACL iii 307 § 22 ; a common epithet of 1 nem, see IGT Dec. § 206. comde nimi núi (? nuí), LL 307a14 . ríoghain nimhe naoi, A. Ó Dálaigh ii 7. ? inar nar mín fa cnes núa, ZCP vii 303 § 4 (: luadh; of Colum Cille, perh. tender, sensitive). cróch buidhe i gcoróin naoi a cinn (of a fair woman compared to a daisy), Hackett xi 14 . rosg nua `bright', TD 19.1 ; cf. guidhis an bhféata bhfoltnaoi `the lovely shining-haired one', 1.24 . decair coimes red chéibh núa, IGT Dec. ex. 1934. don fhréimh naoi-si chéibhfinn Chuinn, Ériu viii 193.43 .

(d) as subst. folld. by gen. that which is new (fresh): núa cacha bíd ┐ sen cacha dighi, Acall. 27 , cf. 5061 . ro thoirbir nua bidh ┐ sen corma, ZCP vi 25.25 . núa corma new ale, Ériu iv 124.22 . conid for mesca do nua fína ro batar, PH 5394. núa luachra fresh rushes, IGT Dec. ex. 685. tabhram fad' bhreith . . . nua na calla sul chríonai-se `my body's vigour ere it withers', Dán Dé xvi 8 , cf. ZCP xii 383.23 . Newness: in tempall do dhénamh asa núa to rebuild the church, ZCP x 14.22 . a leagadh aris, indus co ndentaí asa núa é that it might be remade (of a knife), BCC § 260. Youth: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheandacht, ML 100.14 .

(e) in advl. use: nuie tanicc cuccumsa (gl. hospes meus) lately, Wb. 7c7 . co naue till lately , Sg. 5b6 . dorinne ridire co nua dim, RC xix 30 § 30. go nó (nuadh v.l.) ` lately ', Ó Bruad. i 18 § 1. slucit na dá draic déc co nóe d'éis aroli in anmain swallow the soul anew one after another, IT i 183.29 ( FA 20 LB). d'iarraidh síth go nua 'nois anew, again , Content. ix 15 , cf. viii 18 , xvi 78 . muna ndiúlta dibh go nuadh `unless you deny (as no one yet)', xvi 21 . Also co nú, see 1 nú. is i nnuu atbath recently, just now , ACC 11 Comm. ( RC xx 160.14 ) = is nu, LU 575. gid andlaicter misi a nÍ . . . is a nDun anfad a nuadh `in Down I shall dwell anew', BCC § 373.

Compds. Freq. used in various senses to form unstable compd. (often in contrast with similar compd. with sen-); also nú-, in mod. lang. often nuad h- and in late poetry nó-.

(a) with noun: ¤bla (pl.) `new fames', Thes. ii 295.8 ( SP v 4 ). ¤bés: i n-urd núabésa `of the new rite', Fél. 76 x . ¤cath: Aed eangach na nuachath, IT iii 89 § 116. n.¤cland new plantations: nua-chlandib(us) gl. noualibus , Études Celt. xxii 212 § 62 . ¤cnám: núadchnáimh géill asail, Judges xv 15 . ¤congbál a new steading, settlement : as n.l. cell nuachoṅgbal, LL 286a40 ( Irish Texts i 34 ). ¤cride: fig. nuachroidhe chreidimh newfangled doctrine, Mac Aingil 9.9 (pref.). ¤cruth: it núacrutha na haisti seo new [metrical] forms, IT iii 23 § 68. ¤cúirt a new court: g s. na nuachúirte, Fl. Earls 80.1 . ¤ésca: nú-esca a new moon , PH 1686. ¤fala: a senghomh ┐ a nuafhaladh di aroile, AFM vi 2266.24 . a seanfholta ┐ a nuafholta, iv 1176.6 . ¤litrid a new (recent) writer: pl. núalitríde, IT iii 23 § 68. nuailitridi, ib. la nuelitridi, Sg. 5b11 , 90b4 . ¤long: a núalonga . . . a senlonga, CCath. 1919. ¤maise: fo nuamaisi fhigi ┐ ber[r]tha, TBC-I¹ 2423 . ¤partaing: cosmail do nuapartaing a beóil, TBC-LL¹ 208. dergithir nuapartaingi, MR 64.24 . ¤peccad: a thaiscid senpheccaid, a thuilled nuapheccaid!, PH 8227. ¤recht: sacramuinti an nuai-reachta of the new law (Gospel dispensation), Mac Aingil 2.8 . ¤slige (vn.): horaili nuasligi (gl. quodam novali) newly broken land, Ml. 2a6 . ¤tech: núathaig .i. teach nua nimhe bright (resplendent) house, O'Cl. nuiethicid a novice (gl. neophytum), Wb. 28b29 . pl. nuethigti, IT iii 28 § 68. nuae-thintud a new translation , Ml. 2a6 . See also núḟiadnaise.

(b) with adj. formed from noun; with others forming dwanda-compds.: ¤crothach: [Fedlim] núachrothach .i. cruth núa do thaisbentá do cach áen fuirri ara caíme , Cóir Anm. 257. Fedlím nochrothach . . . no nuachraideach, BB 253b1 . See noí (compds.). ¤maisech: comp. cach ní . . . bá nuamassigi dá n-étaigib, LL 219b2 . ¤bind: cruite nuabinde, Acall. 3793. ¤gel: co núagel, Metr. Dinds. iii 270.2 . gasraid . . . nuagel, Cog. 160.6 . ¤glan: dechealta nuaglana, Acall. 3869. d'ainglib nuaghlana bright and pure, BNnÉ 274.4 . TTebe 1373 . tír nóghlan, Ó Bruad. iii 68 z . ¤glas: co coilltib nuaglasa, TTebe 1715 .

(c) with vb. in adverbial sense anew, afresh: ro nigh ┐ ro nuacōrigh a gnuis, ZCP vi 25.24 . ra nuaglanait a n-étaigi, LL 232a30 . ro nuaglanaid cathbarr[a], TTebe 1273 .

Similarly with vn.: in lebar so . . . do núachorúghadh to rearrange (re-edite), Fen. 392.5 . tech . . . iarna nuadhenum, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 42.30 . iar nódhul i dtalamh d'Éamonn `since the late interment of E.', Ó Bruad. i 146.19. ag nuaghol weeping anew, Keat. Poems 162.

With part.: nuachrechnaigthi freshly (lately) wounded , ZCP iv 384.20 . Nena nuagnithi, Fianaig. 50.3 (`new-made?' Gloss.; fair-formed?).

núachar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. núachar or dil.ie/33324

 

Forms: nóchar, nuachar, nodhchar

n o, m. in late poetry also nóchar, a mate, spouse , poetic term, used of both sexes. nuachar `a companion, a wife, a husband ', O'R., who gives also the form nodhchar. a Medb . . . nít chredb caíne nuachair, TBC-LL¹ 3093 = nit cerb caime n.¤ , TBC-I¹ 2282 ; said by Fer Diad to Medb who tries to induce him to fight Cú Chulaind by offering him her daughter Findabair in marriage; the plaint (? beauty) of a bridegroom (lover) does not touch thee? ba hadba niad is núachair `a home of hero and bride', Metr. Dinds. iii 236.10 (: Lúachair). ó ríg Crúachan clothchóir | fuair núachar co nert-maín `he got a bride rich in substance', 298.10 . do dith Maisten, méit núachair `for the loss of Maistin goodly bride', 134.3 . ar bhithin leannain tsídhe ┐ ardnuachair . . . .i. Crédhe ingen Cairbri, Acall. 748. ba roga nuachair cen ach | ingen Tuathail a choice mate (bride), LL 298b42 ( SG 367.37 ). is tú a rogha nuachair her choice of husband, ZCP vi 31.20 . ni túgha nuachuir lem-sa `I have no choice of bridegroom', Imr. Brain 69. 15 . deir co núachraib núa `a fresh girl sought by suitors', Metr. Dinds. iii 300.41 . ní heol dom an nóchar budh céile dhí, Keat. Poems 121. do chéile nóchair thy husband, 212 .

Used fig. of a ruler or champion of Ireland: raba missi a nuachur coir | d'ingin alaind hErimoin, LL 149b46 . biaid cen buachail inis Fáil | aithli nuacha[i]r maith d'fhagbail, ib. 39 . ba he aonghlór na sochraite . . . gur vo hadhbhar nuachair d'Eirinn antí Conall (i.e. that C. was a fit successor to the high kingship), ZCP xiv 223.12 . dod nuachar (addressing Banba), Keat. Poems 1352. As epithet: na cethri chóicid la Corpre núachar, LL 297a50 (of Coirpre Lifeachair).

In semi-abstract sense: no miltís im Thúathaib Dé | in t-áes núachair náimtide `the folk of a hostile wedlock' (?), Metr. Dinds. iii 4.38 (duachair, nuathmar v.l.; see note p. 472 and cf. nuachor below). Sampait garg cen gním núachair, | sech ba bard, ba ban-búachail `who scorned dalliance', iv 22.7 (n-uabair v.l.). coibhche nó crodh nuachair `dowry of cattle', Keat. ii 4642. eirreadh nuachair, IGT Dec. ex. 431.

Cf. go mbeith io[n]nuachair di till she was ripe for marriage, IT ii2 111.28 .

? 2 suire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 suire or dil.ie/39252

 

n cáine s.¤ fri cach seilb | ba cáime cech duine-deilb | a cuirp ós tonnaib tuile ` sea-maids ', Metr. Dinds. iii 190.17 (cf. mur-duchand, 15 ). súire .i. murdhuchann, O'Cl. But perh. same word as 1 suire.