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anacul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anacul or dil.ie/3264

 

Forms: anacal, anaghal, anagal, anacol, anaicthe

n (with voiceless -c- (see GOI § 180 ), but in later lang. also with -gh-) o, [n.] (see GOI § 731 ). Later m. anacal, anaghal m., IGT Decl. § 17 . anagal, Verbs § 52. Also anacol. Note g s. anaicthe, TTr.² 1892 . Vn. of aingid.

(a) act of protecting, shielding; protection ; adhnacal (= anacul?) .i. ad dliged ┐ cal coimēt ┐ nāi duine .i. coimēt dligid in duine, Corm. Y 93 . do-bert A. a druim frisin comlaid dia n-anacol, MU² 956 . díon m'anaim dí gidh docar / taghaim í dom anacal, DDána 1.14 . mōr mbiodhbhadh bhíos 'gá foghuil / beag bhíos ag brath anaghuil, O'R. Poems 1306 . um dhíon cceall, um dhál ndocar / lámh ōr fhearr a n-anacal, 1528 . (do) a.¤ x ar y protecting x against y: sochraite Dé domm a.¤ ar intledaib demnae, Thes. ii 356.15 . in Trinoid dom anacul / in Trinoid dom shnádud, / . . . / ar cach nguin, Ériu ii 92.y . da mbet fir hErend . . . acott a.¤ ḟorom, TBC-LL¹ 5956 . da hanachal ar a báthadh, IT ii2 143.536 . oramsa dá anaghal shielding him from me, TD 23.23 . mar nách foil anacal ort / ag moigh cladhṡocar Chonnacht since Connacht has no means to withstand thee, 2.41 . do-gní a.¤ ar x protects x: do rinne anacal ar Chonnla, Keat. ii 5041 . fiafruighis créad as a ndearnadar anacal ar an draoi, 5697 .

(b) act of sparing, giving quarter; quarter: imb anacol dom fa nac, Wb. 23a6 . bá ferr búaid a n-anocail oldás búaid a ṅgona, BDD² 955 . an bó do cascairt . . . ┐ an mac d'ánocal, Ériu iii 160 § 13 . Barabás do anocul ┐ Ísu do crochad, PH 3272 . in didma th'anacol noco didém or F., LU 5232 . um anocal manma damsa to spare my life, Ériu v 148.48 . beir buide n-anacuil a Chonchobuir repay the sparing of your life, LL 13241 = emde, Sc.M² 20 . dober logh n-anacail `I shall give a ransom', RC vi 183.6 . ni ascid anacail no midlachais iarraim-se fort, TBC-LL¹ 2308 . nir cadus ┐ nir chomarci . . . in t-a.¤ sin, Cog. 184.10 . nar gab anacal uathaib he did not accept quarter, ALC ii 66.2 . tabhraidh anacal dam give me quarter, Atlantis iv 172.21 . nár an iarraidh anaghail `such asking for quarter is a shame', Content. ix 13 . anmain i nanmain .i. anacal (formula used by vanquished in appealing for quarter), Ériu xvi 38.1 . ma . . . dorinde na tri garmanda anacail is slán dó, O'Curry 523 (H 3.18, 262b) `i.e. when attacking a place in a hostile territory it was necessary to ask three times if any friendly person were within, and if so they must be allowed to depart', Plummer MS notes. Phrase maithem (n-)anacuil = a.¤ : tairind t'[fh]eirg, a ri, ┐ tabair maithem n-anocail uaid don gilla oc-sa give quarter, TTebe 2546 . do beart somh maithemh n-anacail dóibh `he gave them pardon and protection', AFM vi 1952.9 . do chuinghidh siodha ┐ maithme nanacail, iii 180.15 . Of remitting or not exacting dues, etc. sluaiged erraig ┐ fodmair d'a.¤ ar na haicmedaib sin, Hy Maine 66.3 .

1 cail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cail or dil.ie/7704

 

n Only in glossaries, where abstracted from words ending in -ca(i)l, and most freq. glossed by coimét: cal [.i.] coimēt (adnacal), Corm. Y 93 . c.¤ [.i.] coimēd (braccaille), 123 , cf. 130 , 243 , 249 , 389 . fiacail . . . c.¤ ónní is cilia (χείλεα) etc., 613 . c.¤ .i. lebaid nó comet (cerchuill), O'Mulc. 267 . c.¤ [.i.] comet (anacol), RC xx 154.13 . Lec. Gl. 148 . ZCP v 483 § 3 (B. na f.). Cf. cal-ferb .i. bó-choimétaidh, Eg. 1782, 6b1 (cited Meyer Contribb.).

caíle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caíle or dil.ie/7721

 

n , f. (cáel) thinness, slenderness : ho choili gl. macie, Ml. 39c39 . do chóile nó do reime, O'Dav. 1392 . fidh cæl fota . . . ┐ mor a fhot ┐ a caile, RC ix 468 vii . atconnaic a cæile ┐ a troighi, Lism. L. 2722 . ac dul i cáile ┐ i tróige, SG 45.11 . go ndeach mo chorp i gcaoile, Dán Dé vii 23 . a dul . . . a cáili cuirp, O'Gr. Cat. 189.10 . caoile a seangmhalach, DDána 49.13 . cen nach caile (cheville), Anecd. i 66.2 . Name of a disease: conach .i. in tasgalt, no in caile (in a list of diseases in cows), O'Curry 657 ( H 3.18, 320 ). Fig. cé messam do menmain? cōili . . . ar nī talla nach mait[h] for menmoin cōil narrow-mindedness , ZCP iii 454.7 . atá sé do chaoile 'na cheirt-bhreitheamhnas strictness, TSh. 5406 . do chum sé gach connradh chum caoile, Hackett² xxx 68 he fulfilled every contract to a nicety, note. Of time: tré chaeile ré an Ridire shortness, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 342.16 .

2 cailech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cailech or dil.ie/7723
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: caileach

n o caileach m., IGT Decl. § 23 . cock, the male of various birds : gall dano ainm do chailiuch, Corm. Y 683 . cal graece vocacio inde c.¤ , O'Mulc. 288 . cailligh (sic) no eithi foglennat cach, Laws i 190.17 Comm. miach ar caileach cein iunas, v 82.21 Comm. corr, caitin, caileach, 472.30 . siul gairmes in c.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 3475 . ni gart c.¤, ní gart cú, Metr. Dinds. iv 122.18 . o ta iarmeirghi co gairm in coiligh cock-crow , AU ii 174.23 . a cailigh doní in gairm, Acall. 4015 . an uair ghláoid na cuilig, Párl. na mB. 4004 . lía do choilchib dár cercaib / ní hoighthir ar énealtain, IGT Decl. ex. 825 . As a nickname: ri Brefne .i. in C.¤ (.i. Art) Hua Ruairc, RC xvii 370.25 (Tig.). Cf. is tu in caileach dibcellaig, IT iii 85 § 84 . Folld. by a defining gen. do brāigdib c.¤ loichen (lo(a)chend, lachan, v.ll.) drakes , Corm. Y 1231 . c.¤ cerc, Ériu vii 146 § 3 . gair in cailigh cearc, Laws ii 108.18 Comm. coilech circe, MacCongl. 99.22 . c.¤ fedha capercailye or wood grouse (tetrao urogallus), see Duan. Finn Gloss. c.¤ feado, ZCP xiii 276.z . da coilech fedha a Fordruim, Duan. F. i 20.22 . cailigh ḟedha Ḟidhrindi, Acall. 735 . serccoll na c.¤ feda, RC xx 264.4 . cia huallcha rángais? Muscraige ┐ coiligh fedha, Tec. Corm. vi 30 . ? Alternative name: coilech-coílle ` wood cock ', Iar Conn. 11.24 . coileach oidhche an owl , Eg. Gl. 580 . Note further: corus .i. coilech gaithe weather-cock , Ir. Gl. 510 .

cal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cal or dil.ie/8024

 

x see 1 cail.

1 cál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cál or dil.ie/8025
Last Revised: 2019

 

n expld. as sleep : cal .i. codladh no suan, O'Cl. Cf. codlais Lugaid C.¤, conid de roghabh ainmniugud, Cóir Anm. 70 (318.23) . Perh. derived from cáldae.

? 2 cál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 cál or dil.ie/8026

 

ind iar cálaib garb ro gáel gail (: fácaib), SR 6167 .

cáldae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáldae or dil.ie/8047

 

adj io, iā (1 cál ) drowsy, sleepy; quiet : oítiu ind ḟir ch.¤ forbáith, LU 7476 ( BDD 102 ). codlud doronus. Is cáldai sin arsi (of Lugaid Cál), Cóir Anm. 70 . ?atáim . . . / . . . ciamhar cálldha (: ádhbhar), Keat. Poems 514 .

cochall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cochall or dil.ie/9899
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -chull, -cal(l), cocal, cucal

n o, m. (Lat. cucullus). Also -chull, -cal(l). IGT Decl. § 17 .

(a) cowl, hood, hooded cloak (cf. Du Cange s.v. coccula ): cocal. quasi cucal ab eo quod est cucul[l]a , Corm. Y 262 . gerrcocholl co mell a ndá lárac, LU 6960 (BDD). ? hi cocill chumucc for echaib sengaib, 5505 (TBC rhet.). bratt toillcend .i. c.¤ , Three Hom. 18.4 . c.¤ Clothrand (a magic cloak), O'D. 955 ( H 3.17, 668 ). airligud cochaill cleirig (one of seven borrowings that incur honour-price), Laws v 372.18 . hi cochlaib findaib, Vita Br. 2 . cochaill gerra aigreta impu, LU 2180 ( FA 26 ). c.¤ etech imbe, TBC-I¹ 2573 . iarna cumrech . . . / dichocholl huillnech Aróin, SR 4510 . C.¤ fliuch mac Maic Senain `Wet-Mantle', RC xviii 54.2 (Tig.). a ch.¤ sirecdai, Alex. 80 . aged chāin a cochlaibh srōil, ACL iii 307.2 . i gcaoileirr an chochaill (of cowl used as pocket), DDána 6.5 . scaoith na mban gc.¤ `hooded women', O'Rah. 22.11 . ar chochlaibh áille aifrinn 'as well as lovely mass-cowls', Giolla Brighde 192 § 11 . Note further: c.¤ gl. cassula, Ir. Gl. 121 . c.¤ do línanart glegil imbe a cosmailes tsacairt `surplice', Grail 2155 .

(b) Other applications: amál chócúll dercon no chno husk , Thes. i 5.38 . ? na tri cochuill . . . / isna criolaibh maithib, Ériu ii 227 § 4 . grainne buidhe ag cur a chochuill shedding its husk, KMMisc. 172.y = IGT Decl. ex. 397 . cochvill ālainn, snaic-ar-daraigh `beautiful hooded birds,' K. and H. 26 = cochuill alaid `with pied plumage', Murphy Lyrics 8.26 . i líon tarraing tig a lomlán ... gabhair ag Gofraidh | cabhair shluaigh i gcochlaibh cuir 'into the dragnet comes a full catch ... Gofraid catches in casting-nets that which delights the host', Giolla Brighde 56 § 14 . fascad do berar for cochull iascaig fisher's net, O'Dav. 1592 . oc telach al lin ┐ a chocholl, BB 405a33 . snechta mór . . . go raibhi c.¤ dhe immón mboith, BNnÉ 13.9 . fa chochlaibh a ciabh `matted tresses', PBocht 2.35 . gur thuit mór-fhearg Dé ionna ch.¤ , Trompa na bhF. 3061 `head', Gloss. an c.¤ doichill uhī ina c[h]roidhe shell of surliness, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1448 . i gcochal a chlí istigh, Keat. Poems 825 (see Celtica i 378 ). Restraint (hood) for poultry EIF 141, 494 : an coimet adeir dliged orro .i. cochaill impa, CIH i 73.28 . Meaning uncertain: da cornd . . . / co cochluib óir, Acall. 3938 . do gab an talam trochull / do ghab cochull cend n-enaig, 2414 .

Compds. With adjj.: air a mbeith cochal-árd cúmhachtach haughty, De Imit. 17.y . t'fhonn / cochollghlas gcoll `with its blue mantle of fruitful hazels', Magauran 350 .

2 imm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 imm or dil.ie/27636

 

Forms: imm[e]cal

used as an intensive prefix. Rare in O. Ir. Becomes very common in Early Mod. Ir. Sometimes appears to add little or nothing to the meaning of the word. It is used with (a) adjectives, (b) nouns, and (c) verbs.

(a) With adjectives: ¤acher very keen: imscoich ┐ imacher a gnímrad in gillai `very cutting and very keen were the deeds of the lad,' Ériu iv 30.1 . ¤adbal very huge, very vast; very great: as mé Concopur ... for loch Eachach iomadhbhal, TFrag. 98.4 . ar fut Hérenn imaidble, Metr. Dinds. iv 26.14 . aitcesair eill imadhbail, KZ xxxiii 82.36 . for esrassaib imáidble in díthrib, LB 129a47 . As a personal epithet: rop hí in chóiced ben bladmar | Etar étrocht imadbal `Etar the splendid and stately,' Metr. Dinds. iii 112.44 . mór do algib imaidbli ┐ do trenḟeraib tréna `many huge heroes,' TTr. 1137. ¤aebda very beautiful: for arddaib imaebda na hAthaine, TTr. 1147. ¤aesta very aged: ar ráthuibh iomaosta Erenn, MS. Mat. 579.16 . ¤aicbéil very dreadful: alad uroslaicthi imaicbeil `gaping awful wound,' MR 300.3 . ¤aimréid very rough: carracbenna sliaph n-urard n-imaimreidh, CCath. 3804. ¤airdirc very conspicuous, very visible: cathir imairdirc imthend (of Tara), LL 28b16 . ¤álainn very beautiful: Brian mac Echach imáloinn, SG 332.23 . assai immálli, TTr. 1039. ¤amnas very fierce, very harsh: rechmi cath n-imrind n-imda n-imamnas, LU 3423 (rhetoric). dorinnsid gnim n-imamnas, SR 3616. in beist imamnas, 1130 . hóglaochrad imamnus, Anecd. ii 72.18 . bir chruaid fir imamnuis, Anecd. ii 66.16 . batar airrechtaig imámnais a n-airrig, Alex. 636. As subst. it he in so ceithre immamnas imdegla ┐ dirig ratha, Bürgschaft 25 § 68. ¤ard very high: slíab Lecga ... cid imard ní himdorcha, Metr. Dinds. iii 110.20 . rahimthescad andsain fidbad immard imremur, TTr. 126. corrbrōga imarda imthechta, ZCP xiii 168.11 . gus in aitheach nán niomard, Duan. F. i 41.15 . As subst. co himard an flaithis, De Contemptu 160 § 80 n. z . ¤arsaid very old: Ericto aingidh imarsaidh, CCath. 4314. in mucc úathmar immarsaid `the loathly long-lived pig,' Metr. Dinds. iii 158.8 . ¤athlam very dexterous, very nimble: ilar nathrach n-imathlam, SR 896. dorigni firt n-imathlam, 5354 . atá sund Carn uí Chathbath | fors' rimred arm imathlam `against whom a nimble weapon was wielded,' Metr. Dinds. iv 30.2 . Adv.: túargab a lam co immathlam darís, TBC-LL¹ 1998. tarraid C. cruadlann a claidim co himathlam `expertly,' MR 300.22 . ¤chaín very lovely: do luidh ... Fergus fó chonghraim imchain, O'Curry 1307 (< H 3.18, p. 603a ). drumslaitt na heclisi imchaine, LB 121a2 . ¤choimse very convenient ?, closely fitting ?: ro gabh a corrc[h]athbarr ... cona remartinnib imcoimsib dib remartinnib imcoimsib, CCath. 4696. cuarsciath cona sciathrach imcoimsi, 5313 . ¤chrúaid very hard, difficult: madh áil daibh eolus imchruaidh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 66.13 . ¤dána very bold, intrepid: caeca brat, is breath chána | do righ Ailigh imdhána, Leb. Cert. 124.8 . ¤dánach very gifted ?: la sluag n-imdanach angel `with a gifted (?) host of angels,' ACC 172.14 . ¤dlúith very close, very compact, very firm: ro gab dá asan imdluithi iarainn, CCath. 4667. lúrech imdlúith umaide, TTr. 1855. (liburni) cosna seolchrannaib imdlúithi imremra anfólli uasaib, 1410 . ¤doilig, ¤duilig very difficult; placed in a very difficult position: cid hí ind ascid imduilig `though that is the hard request,' Metr. Dinds. iii 340.48 . Adv. atusa co hiomdoiligh uime sin, TBC-LL¹ p. 163 n. 8 . ¤domain very deep: ra gabastar a ḟuathbróic n-imdangin n-imdomain n-iarnaide, TBC-LL¹ 3729. co ndernai ocian imdomain ... don conair for a n-imthigthis na catha, CCath. 2639. an cholann do chor i n-uaimh iomdhomhain, TSh. 1108. As subst. utmost depth: atconncadur na tri fiaich a fudomain (himdhomain v.l.) in mara, Acall. 7058 v.l. fo indtamail [na] curach gnáthaigther ... imdoimnibh srotha Níl, CCath. 2381. ar aillib ┐ ar im-doimnib an aigēin, ML² 701. ó 'dchonncadar an ród réidh | tre iomdhomhain an aigéin, DDána 74 § 3. rosuiged ┐ rosluiged a rosc ... in n-imdomain a cind, TTebe 201 . i n-iomdhomhain ifrinn, TSh. 928. ¤dochar. As subst. a very rough place: rocoraiged ar forbaib ┐ ar ferannaib iat ... ar imdocraib imfuara ┐ ar cairgib cenngarba, Ériu viii 8.11 . ¤dorcha very dark: rosgab gráin ... frisin tech n-óbéla n-oslacthi n-imdorcha, MacCongl. 15.6 . tír ... ainmin accarb imdorcha, CCath. 3803. inn uam[h]annaip imdorcaibh ṡlebhe Peil, 5632 . retlanda ... inna haidchi imdorcha, TTebe 26 7. ? To this: nī rubai Cuchulaind nech itir na Sailiu Imdoirchi (imdorthi, v.l. LU) i crich Conailli, TBC-I¹ 858. As subst. a dark place: do chuadar lena gcreachaib a ndiamraibh ocus a nimmdhorchaib dá nimchumdach, ALC ii 244.4 . ¤dub very dark, entirely black: costecht ... slúagad n-ímdub, TBC-LL¹ 202. ar biastaib ilardaib | imdubaib imthennaib | ticed domm imdegail, LU 1173. Metaph. very malignant: iodhna beoil, gan aoir niomdhuibh | iodhna fhoghlama gan ghes, MS. Mat. 576.11 . ¤ecal greatly afraid, very fearful: imm[e]cal gl. pauidus, Ml. 58b7 . ba himecail (himecal, v.l. LU) imorro int ara colléic, TBC-I¹ 635. gerva himegoil lais na tairnge as mo ro-vamnaigh tvitim isin loch, Aisl. Tond. 100 § 2. bátir immecal-som (imeaglaigh-sium, imeclai-sium, v.ll.) oc aicsin ind ní-sin, RC ix 480.6 . rop imecul in trét, PH 6723. ba himeccal laissiumh aittreabh ettorra, BNnÉ 87.6 . ba himecul leo a mbiad fen do thinad uadib, LB 157a27 .

¤eclach

(a) very fearful, very timorous: na bid uamnaig imeclaig, SR 4830. a beith meta ocus a beit[h] immecclac[h] `cowardly and timorous,' CCath. 4447. con[a] puplaibh imeclach[a] `to the terrified peoples,' 365 . batar imeclaigh iar n-aicsin an neich adcondcatar, RC i 466.13 . go bhfuilid na fir chogaidh imeaglach, Jeremiah li 32. guth imeclach eccruaidh `a frightened feeble voice,' Stair Erc. 383. Adv. ro imthigh roime co himeclach, ib. 1915 . roerig Ethiocles co haduathmar aindsclech imeclach, TTebe 640 .

(b) causing fear, terrible: tárfás fís imeclach, uathfásach dó, CCath. 1453. Adv. atreachtatar íarum lucht na cathrach co húathmar ┐ co himeclach, TTr.² 1871.

¤éscaid very quick, very alert: rucatar sidhi arnaid athlum imēsgaid, Fianaig. 88.12 . Adv. luidh go hathlamh imésccaidh, AFM v 1314. 15 . ¤eslán very unwell: do bói ... imeslán a haithle na scethrach, Acall. 7175. ¤étromm very light (lit. and metaph.): gebid in rí a ḟiallgud n-imétrom n-imthechta immi, TBC-LL¹ 966. rogab sciamh-luirig nimetruim, CCath. 4680. roráidhis, a Eorann oll | aithesg álainn iméttrom, BS § 32 . Adv. ro lenait e ... co imetrum, Cog. 190.4 . ¤ḟann very weak: ní léim nimḟann, Fél. Dec. 31. As subst. a very weak person: is e noshoerad na bochtu ┐ na hamhfhanna o cumhachtaibh an tsaeguil, Lism. L. 4890. ¤ḟartail very mighty ?: tucsad cend Dornmáir dhaltaidh | is Innasclaind imḟartail `they brought the head ... of imperious Indascland,' Metr. Dinds. iv 300.x . ¤(ḟ)ocus, ¤acus very near, very close, neighbouring: nipu immaccus in taidrius `not very near was the return,' Wb. 18d5 . is imḟocus etruinn cen[i] iman-aci duind, IT ii2 190.2 . fidbuid āluinn imfoccus impe do cach leith, Ériu i 39 § 3. it immaicsi na fuli dobertatar ḟort, TBC-LL¹ 4349. immaicse (iomḟoigse, v.l.) taithlig `ever ready for an excuse,' Tec. Corm. § 16.24 . ? cletha im[m]aicsi cen sēna, ZCP viii 195 § 9. Tond Tuaige Tond Rudraighe | nídat imfoiccsi a n-airde, Anecd. ii 24 § 16. oc na righuibh imfhoicsi `at the neighbouring kings,' Marco P. § 178. ro athchuirset da urchur imfhoiccsi fhir-dhirge eturru, MR 254.16 . Compar. da roiset ann anmcharait | bat imḟoicsi do Dia, Acall. 2616. As subst. nearness, neighbourhood: in fuil uisci a n-imfogus duin, Acall. 1547. is annsin atconncadur férbrug gabala ind imoccus dóib, 4179 . luidh co teach bai i nimfogus na cathrach, Ériu v 122.53 . ro bo cinti crīch i mbethaid i n-imḟogus dóib, Fianaig. 92 § 38. ¤gairit very short: delan ... ┐ ráe imgairit as `a very short rope (?) out of it,' CCath. 4100. ¤gann very confined, very spare: i nIffurn huathmar imgann, SR 934 . i ṅglinn Iosophath imgann, 2006 . bai in bangleo nar' imgann, 3078 . Galión fir na n-orb n-imgand, LL 7a51 . cath Gabra ... ollgus imgand, mebaid ria Fergus `a rare achievement,' Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 18 ( LL 182b41 ). int húath imgann `the lean spectre,' Ériu iv 102.1 . Adv. lá d'Ossín ... inna chumriuch co himgand `in rigid bondage,' Metr. Dinds. iii 248.82 . As subst. nírb é in t-imgand ar ernmass `he was no shirker in the mêlée,' Metr. Dinds. iii 244.34 . ¤garb very rough: slabraidh imgarba iarnaidhe, CCath. 2658. As subst. druimní suithe ... atat da ernail furre .i. imgharbh ┐ anaichnídh, is é so in timgharbh (of metres), IT iii 96.2 . ¤garg very fierce: rochrochad ... do lāmaib Eigius imgairg, Ériu iii 194 § 4. mac Eris uallaich imgairg, BB 229b51 . ¤gel very white, very fair: cach conair dolluid in ben | moslúi in t-usce úar imgel `the cold white water followed,' Metr. Dinds. iii 30.70 . genair o Echtaig imgil, LL 28b50 . mac sin Cainche imghile, Duan. F. i 92.z . ¤gér very sharp, very keen: (scíath) cona bil áithgéir ailtnidi imgéir, LU 6431. manaois mhór ... uilleannach imghéar, CRR² § 26. ¤gerr very short: Aodh imgerr, BNnÉ 254 § 212 . at-condarc-sa triar ... co pudrallaib imgerra urardda, MU² 773. doríne tri hoirdne imgerra dhe, Acall. 1920 v.l. ¤glan very pure, very bright: tri ingena imglana, SR 6520. Étar étrocht imghlan `bright radiant Etar,' Metr. Dinds. iv 264.17 . a clerig ... mac ... meic lemnachtai immglain `son of pure new milk,' MacCongl. 33.19 . ¤glicc very clever, very cunning: ba fond n-orddnide n-imglicc, LL 28b3 . batar amais ana imglicca, Alex. 3. ¤glinne (see 1 glinne) very secure: grecha a bretha ... brigach n-imglindi a chert (of a judge), ZCP xii 364.22 . is foc[h]en breth breithemun brighach nimglinde, O'D. 2212 (< Nero A vii, fo. 146b ). Feargus fergen imglinne, BB 278a2 .

¤grinn

(a) very pleasant: bennacht ... ar ingin Elcmair imgrind, Acall. 7241. iar feiss ri Meill n-imgil n-imgrind, MS. Mat. 489.12 ( LL 45b19 ). Dál nAruidhe uasal imghrinn, Keat. iii 1808.

(b) very strong, very fierce: ro marb Argatmár imgrind, Todd Lect. iii 180.2 . ropa ghníomh écóir imghrinn, SG 367.38 .

¤inóclach very fit for mating ?: dona mnaibh iminóglacha fuair se ar talamh, ZCP ii 292.6 . ¤ísel very lowly: int āes umal imísel, Ériu iii 30 § 6. do rugais é ... a mainnser imíseal inn aendaim ┐ an esail, Études Celt. i 83.21 . Adv. secretly: rothógaibh ... uimi ... co hétrom imísiol ` stealthily ,' BS § 57 .

¤lebar

(a) very long, very tall: imlebor gl. capillo intonso, Sg. 159a6 . cóica gilla n-óc n-aigḟind n-imlebur, LL 253a24 . úathud fri eit n-imlebair (.i. for Táin Bó Cúalṅgi), LU 10358. cóirtus hinair imlibáir `an arrangement of a very long tunic,' Goid. 65.6 . ulcha immlebur fair, PH 1491. ro coraigit aigi troisdi imlebra adbulmora, CCath. 2624. earball imleabhar, AFM iv 1080.12 .

(b) mobile, supple ?: rosc imlebur ina chind, Corm. 38.5 .

¤léimnech restive: nib ocheall nib imleimneach (of a horse), RC xlviii 331.12 (= O'Curry 1863 ). ¤lethan very broad: Aeneas ... fer imlethan aideadh-dherg, BB 427a50 . Uenerius ... imlethain imaird, TTr. 1180. ar an bhfhairge imleithin, Atlantis iv 168.10 . cathbharr ... cona sronlainn imlet[h]ain iarnaidhe, CCath. 5263. ¤lobar very weak, very sick: cumachtach, ciarbo himlobhar, Rawl. B 512, fo. 70d3 (< Plummer, MS. notes). As subst. a sick person: ba slán cech imlobor tarateged int uisce, Thes. ii 315.25 . ¤lomm very bare, bleak: do mes ilarda imlum `with abundant mast without husk,' SCC 515 ( LU 3705 ). fri gáith n-imluim n-errchaide `a bare Spring wind,' MacCongl. 63.9 . mur tsighi gaithi gere ... adhuaire imluime earraithe, ZCP x 298.16 . As subst. bareness, scarcity: tessbaidh etha (.i. gorta) di Maig Cuind, sé bliadna imluim (.i. tercai), ZCP xii 236 § 56. ¤lúath, ¤lúaith very swift: in trenḟer amnas imlúaith (: cruaich) (imluath, v.l.), ITS xli 234 § 24 . atractatar luathghoetha adhuarae imluatha, CCath. 4361. na haquili imluat[h]a ilbreca, 4927 . Adv. ag argain a chéile go hathlamh iomluath, TSh. 6641.

¤nár, ¤náir

(a) (in good sense) very bashful, modest; noble: Ioseph alainn imnar, SR 3314. dond aithiusc airdairc imnair, SR 4792. inmain óclách ard imnair, IT i 79.2 . doirb annir imnair (.i. in tan fegthar in doirb is i n-ichtur ind usci thed), LU 10255 (rhetoric). a óclaig uallaig imnair, FDG 368.

(b) (in bad sense) shameful: dacūaidh ... do marbudh Eōin gerb imnar `though it was shameful,' Ériu iv 180 § 40. ar med is imnair tuismíud clann fri coibhdhelcho, BB 278a15 . ba haimlesc ┐ ba himnár leis na braithribh ... im[ḟ]orrán catha atarru féin, CCath. 2294. imnár lais a corp tretholl ... d'faicsin do neoch, Lism. L. 2962. glár budh iomnáir d'aithris, Content. xx 12.

¤nárach

(a) noble: aen mhac Ailpin imnarach ` valorous ,' Leb. Cert. 226.10 .

(b) or bet (beit, v.l.) imnaraig ar oman etarscartha etarra abashed ? Anecd. ii 55.4 .

¤níabthach (níabad, vn. of níabaid) very provocative: ní hord aicnid imnīabthaig `es ist nicht eine Ordnung von aufreizender Natur,' Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 76 § 10.

¤omnach, ¤úamnach

(a) very afraid, very timid: na herbind immomnacha gl. timidi, Sg. 62a2a . imuamnach cach cintach, Tec. Corm. § 15.18 n. rois cobair Brighitt buadach | 'arsin nir bo himuaimhnach, BNnÉ 86 § 177. Adv. nī folāir do na huilip go ro oirichlit go hairecht imomhnach imchoimhētach in slige sin watchfully , Fl. Earls 158.2 .

(b) very fearful, fear-inspiring: ragat-sa ... a n-oilithri n-imúamnaigh, ZCP xii 392.4 . ¤réid very level . As subst. level country, plain: atait ... conara cumcca ettrat ocus inn imreidh, CCath. 4764.

¤réil very famous: imréil ... cach romag cach rodindgna `illustrious ... is every famous plain,' Metr. Dinds. iii 110.3 . tri mic Agnomain imréil, ZCP xiii 158.4 . ¤remar very stout, very thick: suisti imreamar iarnaighi, CF 680. co n-urnasc imremar iarnaidi air, MR 200.1 . fidbad immard imremur, TTr. 126. cosna seolchrannaib imdlúithi imremra, 1410 . frisna xii bairgin[e] imremra némdescdai, LB 146a57 .

¤rigin

(a) very tough, very stiff (lit. and fig.): is imrighin in tuath, Trip.² 2446. corrán d'iarann imrighim ina láimh, ITS i 72.8 . róindís ... na haithesca ímrighne, ZCP xx 181.11 .

(b) very slow: óna fuairthinghealltoibh imrighne ettarbhacha `slow unprofitable promises,' AFM vi 2140.22 . Adv. ag asccnámh co hionmall imrighin, Hugh Roe 302.14 .

¤ṡlán (imṡlán and imlán became confused in Mid. Ir., as their meanings are rather similar it is not always easy to distinguish between them).

(a) as an epithet quite healthy, quite whole, quite perfect: heirg isinn ethar n-imṡlan very safe , SR 2482. inn Affraic n-uasail n-imslain, SR 2658. usce eochargorm imṡlán, Acall. 3607. tricha bo findfergga | bat imlána óiderrga, LL 299a17 . cid mor cid bec no-chaithind bat imlana iat san beos, PH 514. Applied to persons: Hestra, Osse, Ohel án | ocus Abdias imlán, SR 7454. ordned Iacoib imslain, Gorm. Dec. 27. Englec ... lendán Oengussa imláin `the darling of perfect Oengus,' Metr. Dinds. iii 40.18 . a hingen ālaind imslān, ZCP viii 268 § 39. do chum [bheith] nar nduine iomṡlan, Ephesians iv 13. Compar. gilla iss ó ┐ iss imláne and-so andae, TBC-LL¹ 5994.

(b) quite whole, safe, unscathed: a teacht fen imslan da cric, TBC-LL¹ p. 653 n. 5 . docuatar imṡlán día taig, Trip.² 166. is áil léo a ḟocra dáibsi imthecht imslán, Acall. 6108. gur leicc im[ṡ]lan uadh é `he let him away unhurt,' CCath. 6055. mar do fhuair a chalann crád | a anam narab imlán, Ériu iv 112 § 5. fāna fagháil slán iomlān damh féin arís, Feis Tighe Chonáin 718.

(c) In Law `completely exempt, secure ' (Plummer MS notes): fis edaingne ac fir in tseoit ... i[s] slan dia mbe fo naidm is imslan do in aithne, O'Curry 1252 (< H 3.18, p. 504 ). See also imlán.

¤ṡlemain very smooth: aill ard imslemain, Stair Erc. 233. ¤ṡolus very bright: gním cech cuiri fo chuimsi | condat uili imṡuilsi `so that all are illuminated,' Metr. Dinds. iii 110.8 .

¤thais

(a) very weak, very feeble: ros fúach is ras fuc fria aiss | gided ni hengnam imthaiss, TBC-LL¹ 736. nírb engnam imthaiss `'twas no weakling's feat,' Metr. Dinds. iv 78.22 .

(b) very smooth ? very moist?: lodar ... co brugh maic in Og imtais, BB 396b15 .

¤thana

(a) very thin, very slender: in néll úathmar imthana `the fearful thin cloud,' IT ii² 133.288 . rí ... na n-arm n-edrom n-imtana, BB 280b34 .

(b) very shallow: ba hí a slige ... secht thuind Uairbeóil imthana `along shallow Tond Uairbeoil,' Metr. Dinds. iii 116.86 , and Corr., ib. v 133 .

¤theimen very dark (see teimen): duibithir funchi fedil | culchi cach eóin imthemin `the cowl of each dusky bird,' Metr. Dinds. iii 256.20 . ¤thenn very strong, very firm: cathir imairdirc imthend, LL 28b16 . ar biastaib ... imdubaib imthennaib, LU 1173 (ACC). atraig Brían don tiprait thall | ic a raba in t-uath imthend, Ériu iv 102.1 n. doi reir na n-udar n-imtheand `according to sound authors,' Metr. Dinds. v 119.2 . Adv. rosícc Sinchell slán co himthend `S. cured her whole, soundly,' Metr. Dinds. iii 156.18 . atát 'san reilic bic go himtheann, SG 33.19 . ¤therc very scanty, very short: is imtherc cos ind abcain `very short is the dwarfling's leg,' ACC § 100 ( RC xx 274.15 ). dēna ingeilt ois | narbat timtheirc (v.l. imterc) tais, KMMisc. 262.1 . ¤thláith very soft: ind iall en imthlaith, SR 4066. rí roraid ... athesc n-inclithi n-imtlaith, 5678 . Enoc án imthláith, 7362 . ¤thnúthach very eager, very jealous, or fierce: a shlógh iomthnúthach Oiligh, DDána 75 § 2. rí aingidhí imthnúthach, Stair Erc. 1646. ¤thrén very strong: iarsin rongab galar gér | fri sním calad nirb' imthrén, SR 6230. a Ferguis na n-arm n-imthrén, TBC-LL¹ 3203. cóic eich áilli imthréna, Leb. Cert. 130.12 . Adv. imtrén trómthuinset, LU 8712 (FB). triur dorosern in slúag co imthrén 'coa n-imnertad, SR 5032.

¤thromm

(a) very heavy: áráit ... imtromm, FB § 37 Eg. ro gab dá asan imthroma imdluithi iarainn, CCath. 4667. confacatar na cet[h]a ana imtroma, 4953 . acc diubraccadh ... an ordanais iomthruim adhbail moir, AFM vi 2028.7 . amhail easglanna iomthroma, TSh. 1092.

(b) very troublesome, very oppressive: for greis in aesa imthruimm `under the protection of the Troublesome People' (i.e. the pagan gods), BColm. 90.5 . Of the atmosphere of a place: his tégdais ... il-brein aduair imthruim, PH 8297. munter Edlicon imthruim, Metr. Dinds. iii 276.10 . As subst.: dochuatar a n-ētromuib a n-étach ┐ a n-imthromaib a n-arm `into their ponderous armature,' Fianaig. 78.3 .

¤thrúag very wretched: do fuc Eua in n-ubull n-úag | dond abaill, ba scél n-imthrúag, SR 1286. ¤thuirsech very sorrowful: luid Laeg ... co cendtromm n-imthursech n-anfálid, TBC-LL¹ 2170. ¤úachtarach uppermost, topmost: do imthigh roimpe go baoth ... go hionadh iomuachtarach a h-anta `to the uppermost regions of its residence' (of the wind), ML 48.23 . ¤úallach very proud: ba hóglaochrad imamnus imullach imfaobrach, Anecd. ii 72.18 . ingen Echach imuallaig, LU 3064. abair ... risin ingin n-iomuallaigh, ITS v 82.12 . mád do Láegaire Búadach | tísad ág bád imuallach, LU 3557. ¤úamnach, see ¤ omnach supra. ¤úar very cold: i naidhchi ... iochtair imuair adheitig iffirn `of the lower freezing hideous hell,' BNnÉ 99.7 . do ghéubhsa ionadh imfhúar, Duan. F. i 19.37 . ar imdocraib imfuara, Ériu viii 8.11 .

(b) With nouns: ¤accobar intense desire: imacubur denma uilc gl. esuriem, Ml. 34b10 . ¤aicbéile great terribleness: itir im-aighbhéli na h-uardachta, MR 112.18 . ¤áille great beauty: an déad ag dul i mbáine | 's an aghaidh gan iomáille, DDána 27 § 5. fáistine adbert riu Dáiri | ri mac con co n-imáilli `regarding Mac Con, the comely,' Miscell. Celt. Soc. 76.2 . Fer Becrach co n-imāle (: immarāide), Ériu ii 26.26 . ¤aire great respect: nī scoirtīs cen i.¤ | rīg nā rīgdomna aca `kings and royal princes would not part from him without great respect,' RC xiii 392.23 . ¤aithrechas great repentance: co n-imaithrechus nach fógnand di, PH 8201. ¤attach earnest prayer, entreaty: i.¤ Maic ind Rig, ACL iii 317 § 51. ¤chalma, ¤cholma great bravery: ras-nert imchalma do denam, TTr. 1639. do greis a mic ... imcalma do denam, Celt. Rev. iv 10.15 . dorochair i cath Odba | la Argatmár imcholma, Todd Lect. iii 178 § 3. ¤chreachadh the act of devastating widely: trés an i.¤ do-níthí leó ar na daoinibh budh lugha ioná iad féin, TSh. 9537. ¤déine great swiftness: imthecht dóib co n-i.¤ (: féine) `to be gone with all speed,' Metr. Dinds. iii 452.40 . ¤demnigud the act of confirming: du imdemnigud á epert són `to confirm his sayings,' Ml. 89d7 . ¤druine great skill?: ri richid con-i.¤ ri febda firian fossud, | rí rigḟial 'na rigsossud, SR 566. ¤ecla great fear: cen uamun, cen i.¤ , IT i 185.3 (FA). nosgeib i.¤ móir ┐ ómon, RC x 56.8 . is coir dó i.¤ ┐ faitchius ┐ ra-imchomet, PH 4114. nī ro lēic imegla in pāpa don priōir ... gan a aithne do choimhlínadh, Fl. Earls 142.22 . an oiread soin d'uamhan ┐ d'imeagla air ré fiabhras, TSh. 7967. fer ... for nár lá nách aon imeccla ittir, AFM vi 2296.y . ¤eclugud the act of terrifying: do fhuasnad ┐ d'i.¤ na coimétaigi, PH 3380. ¤esbaid great deficiency: cen érchra cen imhesbaid, SR 988. cen forcraid cen imhesbaid, 4966 . ¤etla great affliction?: dobeir tra timmorlai ┐ immetlai menman di araile an ircraidi ┐ in gairdi bide i n-ainius isin bith frecnairc, IT ii2 107.23 . ¤étrumme great lightness, great nimbleness: nicon berat a drúcht dind fhéor ar áthi ┐ imétrummi im-tháncatar so swiftly and lightly did they travel, MU² 566. raléic cach arachéile frassa tiuga tromaidbli d'immétrommaib a n-arm ┐ d'ilchenélaib a n-imtheilcthi, TTr. 1710. ¤étrommugud the act of making lighter, easing, relieving: barróisc Cuchulaind in claidiub assa intiuch ... d'imscothad na n-arm ┐ d'immetrommugud in scéith fair, TBC-LL¹ 2956. ¤ḟochraicc great reward: a cethair cethrachat ... do immfocraiccib, Todd Lect. iii 42.13 . ¤ḟorlond overwhelming strength, great oppression: in timorlonn namat, is fiach a fátha forru, O'D. 1595 (< H 5.15, p. 9b ). in timarlonn namad, ib. 1596 . choidhche ni barricfa-si | anmforlunn (? read: ammforlunn) 'na dhiaidh, Lism. L. 4822. ¤ḟormat great jealousy: ro linustair idu eóid ocus imformmuit Ailill, IT i 121.15 . rommiscnigsetar fo smacht | a brathir tria imformat, SR 3128. ra gab ét ... ┐ immḟarmat Dubthach Dael Ulad imma mnái, TBC-LL¹ 2749. ro-bhoí éd ocus imformad occ macaibh Moingfinde fri Niall iomon ríghe, ZCP xiv 214.5 . na denaidh adrad idal na edach na imformod, YBL 68b51 (= 294a22 ). ionnsaighis áth an chomhraig | Fear Diadh go ndlús iomfhormaid, DDána 104 § 22. ¤gábud great danger, great fright? iarsain asraracht Adom | assa ṡuan cen imgabud, SR 1066. fota ataid in-imgábud, 3630 . Ulaidh i n-imgabadh gan nech aga n-imgainiudh, TBC-LL¹ p. 250 n. 3 . atágur a imgábud | il-ló brátha búain `I dread great danger from it,' Ériu iii 14 § 1. ré mét in imgábaid a raibi, Fianaig. 82.23 . fa mór a hegla ┐ a himghābud arna slúagaib `great was the fear and fright (caused by the boar) upon the hosts,' 64.34 . dethach a cind iar crabudh | dorad demhna a n-imgabudh, BCC 356.32 . ¤gére great sharpness: co tescfad finna i naigid srotha ar āthi ┐ ailtnidecht ┐ imgēri, TBC-I¹ 1919. ¤ísle great lowness, poor position: gur adhnair les a imisle ro bui sé isin comlunn, Stair Erc. 1134. ¤lainne great keenness: mét inná i.¤ robói dosom im dia (gl. sitivit anima) `the strong craving that he had after God,' Ml. 62a2 . ¤lén great sorrow: Eua féssin cen imlén, SR 2138. dolluid Saul iar sét sen | sé cet míli, cen imlén, 5570 . ¤lot great destruction: co tuccad in diach ┐ inn imlot bad laind le fein fortha, CCath. 4017. ¤lúas great swiftness: ba he tricci ┐ imluas inn imdiubraict[h]i leo, CCath. 5659. ¤náire great shamefacedness, great bashfulness: rogab tra imnári essium co rofhemid in salm ranic dó do gabail `bashfulness seized him,' Three Hom. 102.16 . ni bí nach n-imnáire dóib cid lomnochta beti, RC xxv 244 § 18. doberat a coibsena cen imnāire dia sacartaibh, Anecd. iii 8.7 . o thucsatt a llama chuccu do'n méis ar imnari, PH 5136. rogab athrechus ┐ imnare imma iarraid eter, BB 237a32 . re h-imnaire an chairighthi thuc Cormac fair, RC xliii 80 § 82. ica imcainedh féin comor ar imnaire na hainicne, D IV 2, 73ra16 . ¤omon ¤úamon great fear, dread: ara n-imomon imchissin húath, BDD² 1264. rus-gab ecla ┐ iomomon mor iad risna dainib ingantacha, RC xxvi 160 § 46 . ar iomomhon feirgi a hathar, TFrag. 30.9 . āl cach n-imoman `every terror is fearful,' ZCP xvii 65 § 51. tainic soc[h]t ocus imuamon aiccenta ┐ cumsccughadh menman do, CCath. 5471. do chur uathbhais ┐ iomomhain ar lucht an bhaile, AFM v 1486.13 . reverence, godly fear: comadas lobre et i.¤ forsin mug céin ṁbíis oc fognam dia choimdid, Wb. 8b1 . as firén foirbhthe in fer forsa mbi ecla ┐ imuamon an Coimded, Lism. L. 3306. ¤rígne great stiffness, slowness, hesitation: nusincrech-som fora emilte leis ┐ fora imrígne leis bói icon ḟuigell, PH 4132. ¤ṡláine great perfection?: a samhuil d'oige is d'áillnne | do gniomh d'eagna is d'iomṡláine, 23 F 16, p. 129.19 . ¤ṡláinte complete health: meni thíset uli i n-imṡlánti, TBC-LL¹ 197. boi sailechtu aice sium imslanti d'ḟadbail dia ndernta a leges, LB 143a21 . ised rainic in imslanti leis co tir, BB 445b52 . ¤sláintius perfect health: nodas-forbiledh ar as ┐ ar aitidh ┐ imlaintius, ZCP xix 118 z . ¤ṡlánud the act of making quite healthy: nicon cotluim for colcaid | gē bethear com imslānud `though one were at making me healthy,' K. and H. § 2. ¤ṡlóg great host: ? g s. used adjectively: ro bui comdhail imsloigh for ur in cuain sin `there was a very numerous gathering at that harbour,' Stair Erc. 379. ¤thesbaid great defect, great error: cen forcraid cen imthesbaid, SR 4424. aisneided Arón fo leith | do Moisi cen imthesbaid, 4610 . ¤thréine great strength, firm grasp: as amhlaidh do bhádar agas gach fear dhíobh a gcrioslach a sgiath agas a n-imthréine a n-arm `in the grasp of their arms,' ML 124.20 . ¤thrumma great heaviness: dochúatar a n-etromuib a n-étach ┐ a n-imthromaib a n-arm `they advanced in their light dresses and in their ponderous armature,' Fianaig. 78.3 . a n-aimsir a himtruma `in the time of her pregnancy,' Lism. L. 2511. ¤úabar great pride: iné imuabor immarordus, LL 120a3 . ¤úachtar the very top: atá an cairthe sin ... is í tollta 'na hiomuachtar, Keat. ii 6297. ¤úathad loneliness: luidset laithe for Lúachair | ciarbo thaithbe imúathaid `though it was an infringement of utter seclusion,' Metr. Dinds. iii 246.74 .

(c) With verbs derived from the corresponding noun or adj.: ¤eclaigid fears greatly, becomes greatly afraid: ro imeclaigset a n-epiltin manid chuired Patraic hé i nn-iffernn, Trip.² 1017. ro imeclaigsitar na genti do sein, 486 . duine imeclaiges bás, PH 3821. no-imeclaiged Solam co mor in coimdid, 4129 . do bidg ┐ do imeclaig an macamh go mór les sin, BCC 48.29 . imeagluidh-si an Tighearna `fear the Lord,' Proverbs xxiv 21. ¤glanaid purifies, clears?: fiac nad imglanad .i. fri foglaithe, O'Curry 507 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). ? to this: cach dia eol imglan rota .i. docom ar neoil fen duin it imglan rota .i. docom ar neoil fen duin it imglan na rota, 623 ( H 3.18, p. 301 ). ¤omnaigid becomes greatly afraid: bidhgais ┐ imomhnaighis ┐ ru-s-lēic a ráon madhma, Fl. Earls 232.2 .

1 tír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tír or dil.ie/40940
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tíorthann

n s, n. Later m. and f. ( IGT Decl. § 45 ). Later inflexion: tíorthann, Ezekiel 5.5 .

I

(a) earth, ground (opposed to water): tīr i.e. a terra , Corm. Y 1251 . bai for tir co tirmugud, SR 1686 . co fáoi .ix. n-oidhci la cach mnoi for tir tartha, Dinds. § 5 . mac in trebthaig issin (cusan, cusin v.ll.) t.¤ , Ériu ix 48 § 27 . a Dé doní in muir | a Dé doní in t.¤ , LU 9870 . cuiridh na tulcha isna fantaib corop t.¤ flat, arable land, RC ix 16 § 4 . a t.¤ buic `in soft land,' Laws iv 130.18 Comm. dotháet dochum tíri, TBFr. 210 . fosceirdside issa t.¤ súas in slig, 236 . íar t.¤ dochuatar, iar muir tancatar, PH 7038 . fáiltighis tonn ┐ t.¤ roime, ML² 536 . ba fāilid muir ┐ tīr da thoidhecht, 1582 . ro gaibh tīr ocus caladhport, RC xxvi 272.14 . gur ghabhadar t.¤ i n-oileán, Keat. ii 517 . ar tir on land , Fl. Earls 58.9 .

(b) portion of land: is ed tīr insin bas óenach cluchi dod claind-siu céin bes flaithius hi Temraig, ZCP xiii 372.21 = is í an tīr sen, iii 459.3 . ba mór leo do t.¤ aurland Temrach they thought the green of T. took up too much land, Ériu iv 124.5 . is i rogha rugsadar cuairt: trian da thir ocus gusna hearnailib bide malle ria, Laws iv 216.20 Comm. atait tri tire aile nadat usa for Feinaib na breithamnaib do tinntogh, v. 428.2 . do teit fer tiri co fiadnaib leis owner , ii 120.24 Comm. comnattacht tir a athar fair, CRR § 53.

(c) territory, province (cf. talam I (c), (d)): in rí conic aingliu | is coimmdiu cech thíre, Fél. Prol. 160 . ni mesa indas talam for tire si, Ml. 34a5 . [trúagh] sin, a magh mBregh mbuidhe | a tir n-alaind n-adguide, AU i 438.21 . cen a t.¤ i fail do rúaim, Hail Brigit 26 . t.¤ ṅdorcha ... dianid comainm Iffern, SR 871 . i tirib anheoil, 3180 . dar mór tíri, dar mór tuath, 5474 . cinnas in tíre doráncamar ? t.¤ ndúaig n-úathmar, TBFr. 385 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea, BDD² 262 . cía raghas dond éitseacht isa t.¤ , 438 . Temair ... imme, maith an t-āighi | suides flaith cech tiri, ZCP viii 108.2 . lacht ┐ iascc, mil is mes | in cech t.¤ thuaith ┐ tes, 109.4 . atád trí tuatha 'na t.¤ | cíos no cāin ní dlegar dhíbh, 116.14 . na treba ┐ na tirthi, ML² 90 . uair gērbo tenn in teidm sin in gach t.¤ eile a n-Erinn, dobo mó isin Mumhain hé, ML² 92 . do dhealbh ar rí-ne an mhuir mór | do shnoigh na tíre gan tál, DDána 42.31 . a-tá re hathaidh d'aimsir | 'n-a t.¤ dhorcha dhoghailsigh, 73.3 . na cúig tíre im Fhonn nUisnigh, 107.25 . na tíre a téighe sna tráighe | míne réidhe áille iad, IGT Decl. ex. 1155 . díbh a rí cál ar críchne | trí tírthi san n-ágh uáighfe (lochdach), 1243 . san bhferann mín cráobhach gcrosach | a t.¤ bhráonach dosach Dé, 1245 . lucht an tire, Fl. Earls 92.22 . do mhuintir na tíre sin, Rel. Celt. ii 178.7 . ar tholchaibh uaigneacha na tíre, TSh. 6033 . ? To this: fechtas dolluid rí Eoganachta for tiri hi crích ┐ hi cendathaig n-aile, LU 1649 = for creich ┐ innrud ilchennadach, Immrama 26.9 . ? Leg. for creich tīri.

Sg. (and sometimes pl.) with following gen. of description: dús in rista t.¤ na mban Land of Women, Otherworld , Imr. Brain § 30 . ní chían co t.¤ inna m-ban, § 60 . dodeochad-sa ... a tírib beó áit inna bí bás nó peccad Land of the ever-living , LU 9996 . oc ascnam tíre tairṅgiri inna mbēo Heaven , Wb. 11a19 . cu bhfaghbhu-sa faeilti ac muinntir nimhe i T.¤ na mBeo, Lism. L. 2578 . do chorcair tíre na finn country of the fair, SG 239.38 . a tírib na Fomóire, BDD² 918 . a tir mac nisrael, Hib. Min. 92 . tir na nóeb Heaven , SR 575 . Lobhais, righ Franc, ┐ Ioán a mc. d'éc ac dul isin Tír Naímh 'Louis, king of France, and Johan his son, died on their way to the Holy Land', AI 370 (s.a. 1270.10) . go righeam tair ais go T.¤ na n-óg, Oss. iv 240.z . dia lot i tir Sgāidh (: lāim, cf. ZCP ix 234 n. ), Anecd. iii 54.20 . ag bainrioghain Tíre an tsnechta, RC xxix 126.2 . ríghdhacht tíre an tsnechta ` Livonia ,' Maund. § 7 . t.¤ tairngire, see tairngire (b). co rup hi a fhirinde ┐ a chumachtu fógnus det-siu isin t.¤ tall in the next world, PH 2773 . Of actual countries: cathraig tíre iudae insin, Ml. 17c10 . gabais Mac Con t.¤ mBanba, RC xiii 466.12 . co mboí i tírib Connacht, Aisl. Óeng. § 10 . atdob-rarbadse a t.¤ Hérenn, BDD² 416 . do c[h]lochaib tíre na h-Innis, ML² 1481 . a tírib hIndia do, PH 820 . clár buidnech mar th.¤ Temrach, Metr. Dinds. ii 46.4 . rop nem thened t.¤ Húa Neill immi, BDD² 240 . Hence people of a territory: do bhátar an tir uile i naoinionad, Misc. Hag. Hib. 36.29 .

II With qualifying adj. or gen., of measures or kinds of land: t.¤ mbó measure of land: is ed t.¤ mbó la Féniu insin, foloing .vii. mbúu co cenn mblíadnae, Críth G. 92 . t.¤ claidim land won by the sword: isse dorigni t.¤ claidimh di ar eigin, Cóir Anm. § 76 . `gebid óen na tire' ... `Ca t.¤ as assu lat do thabairt dunni ... co ndernam t.¤ claidim dé,' LL 333a42 . t.¤ cumaile measure of land: ceithri bai fichit ar tir cumaile don etham is ferr, H 3.18, 3 24 ( O'Curry 662 ). da forraig dec i tir cumaile dia fot, se foirrge din lethet, ma beith ina toimsib techtaib, Laws iii 334.22 Comm. ocht traiged fichit ┐ .vii. ced (ar míle, add. later) troigh fod tiri cumaile, H 3.18, 490b ( O'Curry 1224 ). ocht traighthi fichit ara a x. ┐ cethre fichit do fichtib traigh a fod tire cumaile ┐ a leith dia lethat, 651 ( O'Curry 1466 ). tir cumuile og na ogaireachuibh ocus tir cumuile d'imarcuidh ag gach gradh o tha sin co righ tuaithe, Laws ii 12.14 Comm. tir cumaile oc na ocairechaib, tir da cumal ac na boairechaib, H 3.18, 332 ( O'Curry 681 ). t.¤ ndibaid coitchinn land of a deceased person which reverts to the fine: tir ndibaid coitchenn , Ir. Recht 7.25 . intan is tir dibaid coitcinn tainic do cum na fine, is amlaid ranntar hi, H 3.18, 478a ( O'Curry 1199 ). t.¤ ndiguin inviolable land: sé ba i n-oen athghabáil ina thir diguin, O'Dav. 1185. t.¤ domaisi ? : `tir domhaisi' cach sliab slán, Metr. Gl. 3.7 . t.¤ dúthaig homeland: seacht dtroighe mo th.¤ dhúthaigh, PBocht 21.1 . t.¤ linde the land of the pond, part of mill: tir linde, Laws i 124.18 . tir linde .i. aenraed .i. bhis i n-ind in ena in uisci, 140.16 Comm. t.¤ mór mainland: iter Toraig ┐ t.¤ mór, BCC 104.8 . t.¤ tretholl hollow land, churchyard: t.¤ tretholl .i. relec, ACC § 93.

III In adverbial phrases

(a) is tír, in, into the land: Doirb is Maeith is Cuma in comlaind | comanmann mac Tlachtga is t.¤ , Ériu x 77 § 12 . ┐ nir gabsat do thenn istir acht mad sin nama, Ann. Conn. 1276.2 . Aed mac Torrdelbaig do athrigad ┐ Mac Branain dia tabairt istír, 1353.4 . tuc leam hi is-tír-so, PH 231 . aithris a ndearna is t.¤ thall, Aithd. D. 29.26 . suairc an sgéal-sa tarla is t.¤ , Dán Dé xxix 12 .

(b) In phr. do-icc a dt.¤ lands: is iad Clanna Mhíleadh tug an t-ainm sin [ar Éirinn], sul rangadar i dt.¤ innte, Keat. i 100.67 . iar dteacht i dt.¤ dóibh i dtuaisceart Éireann, 212.55 . tig an leac tre lár na mara | leat mar budh clár tana i dt.¤ , PBocht 10.46 . go ttāngatar ... a ttīr sa fFraingc, Fl. Earls 24.14 . Hence survives, exists, subsists: féuch féin ... an éidir leat teacht a tt.¤ gan an ní, Desid. 5647 . na neithe as riachtanas damh dochum teachta a tt.¤ , 1220 . é féin do thabhairt a tt.¤ (he) to live, 6953 . a teacht a tt.¤ ar smeara, F V 3, 116 ( Gadelica 64.39 ). baintreabhach ┐ dílleachtaidh tigheacht i dt.¤ air gach lá, ITS xvii 167.1120 . uim úr eolais an sceoil se thig i dt.¤ which is coming to pass, xviii 112.1 . Also tugaid i dt.¤ spends, passes (time): thugadar a n-aimsir i dt.¤ i bhfochair an Rígh ag muirn agus ag macnas, ITS i 164.2 . tugamaid an chuid eile dhar saóghal a tt.¤ anois mar a diarfadh gach duine againn do dhéanadh, Gadelica 65.9 .

Frequent in placenames, see Hogan Onom. .x. treith tire iacih, Ériu ii 4.7 =Tīr Īath Tiree , Wortk. 160.

Compds. tírfhrecor, tírfhrecuirthe (?).

3 traig, traige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 traig, traige or dil.ie/41571

 

n offspring, descendants. A word invented on the basis of population names in -rige where t precedes the suffix, perh. under infl. of 1 trog, q.v.: Dartráighi .i. Daire traighi .i. traigh [Dáiri]. nam traigh .i. cland no cinél .i. cinél Daire Doimthich íat, Cóir Anm. 75 . Callraighe .i. Cal-traighe .i. clann Luigdech Caill íat, nam traighe clann nó cinél, 242 .