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airúath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airúath or dil.ie/2461

 

Forms: erud, urud

n (1 úath) also appar. erud, urud (see Lochlann ii 213 )

(a) dreadfulness, terribleness, power of inspiring dread (regarded as an attribute of a hero): fer rosasad a ǽs . . . ┐ a erúath, LU 4844 ( TBC-I¹ 354 ). ní acim di gráin na héruath . . . latt . . ., I cannot see that you are sufficiently terrible or awful . . ., 5656 (ib. 1179 ). tinól Dauid . . ./fri herud na hairmiten, SR 5914 (`fear' Gloss.). cáiniu di ḟlaithib . . . eter urud (uragadh, urfuath, v.l.) ┐ gráin ┐ báig, TBC-LL¹ 5172 . fer án athlamh co ngrain ┐ eruath, TBC St. 4215 . cathmílidh co n-úath co n-erud, TTr.² 1070 . ri ba mo grain ┐ urud, Ann. Conn. 1224.2 . immumdiched a urúath, nambiathad a aruit, LL 14230 . ? dillechta in slóg sorchaidhe / gan a coimsid costadaig / imdíched a n-iruatha ( i n-iruat[h]a, TBC St. 4694 ), TBC-LL¹ 5690 . conā tardad gráin nā hirḟūath leis ina dochum, acht amail nothīsadh do dhāil nō aenach, ACL iii 5.8 (of actual weapons ?). is ond Labraid ille fil gráin ┐ gératacht ┐ ómun ┐ aurḟúath for Laignib, LL 21046 . la auromun / auruath niath nertcride, ZCP viii 306.11 .

(b) terror, dread: imgaibtir athai . . . rém ḟuath ┐ rem erud, LU 10276 . a ecla ┐ a urúad (uruath v.l. St.) dread of him, TBC-LL¹ 3303 . ná tairmescca erḟuath na égcomnairt sib, TFrag. 44.z . atrubairt . . . nacar eicen uath na herud don cathraig no need to dread the city, LL 408b44 ( TTr. 2263 ) = úath ná herod, TTr.² 1731 . re huruad meic inn Ardrig for fear of, Ann. Conn. 1225.17 .

As n.pr. Find, Eruath, is Fatemain, LU 10550 . Uath Urud is Aislinge, 10552 = Hiruth, ZCP viii 217 § 10 .

1 bert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bert or dil.ie/5735
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: beirt, beart, beirt

n ā, f., also o, m. Also beirt f. (beirid). See Éigse viii 101 - 103 , xii 68 , Language xxix 325 . b.¤ (lúachra) m., IGT Decl. § 15. beart (chluichi) f. (ó bheirt an chluithe ┐ an éduigh, v.l.), § 39 . beirt [éadaigh ?] f., § 14 .

Occas. appar. = breth: b.¤ .i. breth . . . ar ate .ix. mberta maicne insin la Féine .i. .ix. mbretha mac annso anuas, O'Dav. 280. ropat móra do berta (`Rechtssprüche', TFerbe 281 ), LL 33690. co brāth na mb.¤ for ever , ZCP viii 228 § 18.

I Burden, load; bundle: b.¤ quasi port, a uerbo porto .i. imarc[h]uirim, Corm. Y 163. etarport quasi etar-bert .i. itir dā beirt, 529 . b.¤ (beart, IT iii 89 § 115 ) fleda for lomgabail (one who carries) a package (of food) for a feast on a bare fork, Bruchst. i 34 § 80. loman carr ┐ beart `the rope for (tying) carts and loads', Laws i 140.3 Comm. long cona be[i]rt (: ceilt) cargo, Prolegomena 43 § 29 . gan bheirt ar bhoin, DDána 114.34 . birt troma i dtéadánaibh `heavy corded bundles', TD 16.59 . gille ag gabháil a mbeirteadh / fir ag fregra chaismeirteadh bundles (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1127 meirge Suibhne, beart buidhe a yellow burden (?), MR 230.1 . Cf. blaith .i. buidhe . . . eich fo berti blaithi, O'Dav. 322. pn In sobriquet: la ríg Eoganachta B.¤ Crechi `Load of Plunder', RC xvii 381.24 (Tig.). bundle, sheaf of thatch, rushes, straw, etc.: colpdach i n-airbir, samaisc i llethbeirt, bó i mbeirt (mbert, v.l.), Críth G. 213. cen co benta acht b.¤ de, manar facaib air ní dá tic dín, O'D. 1695 (H. 5.15, 31b). Cf. O'Curry 642 (H. 3.18, 309). beart don tuighe dá fīghe, LBranach 1450 . ithig b.¤ crema, Anecd. i 48 § 9. is tegar boichti mo beart / seagal is coirci is cruithneacht, IGT Decl. ex. 1064. fuaim na n-each gan beart chum lige `straw for litter', Ó Bruad. ii 192.6 . do-níd aoin bheart amháin da n-armaibh `piled . . . into one heap', Keat. iii 2827.

Fig. burden, weight (of grief, etc.): b.¤ ghoimhe, Rel. Celt. ii 268.33 . nocha nfuil[n]ghim thúas don beirt / o rochuala tásg mh'éinmhic `I cannot bear up against the blow', BS 56.23 . do bhrígh na beirte because of the burden (of oppression), DDána 74.27 . Cf. gár mheisde . . . / a sgaradh (sic leg.) re a mbeirtibh bróin, 79.19 . In cheville: beirt pían, SR 7171. Other applications: dā uigh chirce ar mbúain dā beart `taken from her clutch', KMMisc. 364.16 . a carnn-fhoilt léi 'n a m-beartaibh `tresses', Hard. ii 24.y .

II Clothing, covering, clothes, attire, apparel; accoutrement: beirt .i. cumhdach, O'Cl. tugadh beart (eadach, v.l.) nua do gach aon díobh, idir shlabhradh ┐ léine ┐ bhrat, Ériu i 95.1 . beart do croicend ōglaogh allaidh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 160. beart allmhurdha `strange garment', O'Hara 1438. beirt righ Laighen . . . a léine sroil ┐ a áon ghae, BNnÉ 257 § 216 . co mbeirt glégil in white raiment, Grail 23 . armghaiscedh . . . etir ghai ┐ sciath ┐ claideb, cona bheirt foithibh casing (?), Lism. L. 1610. tuc beirt ridiri (arm gaiscidh, v.l.) dhoibh ` equipment ', ITS xix 28.12 . seacht mbeirte décc éideadh `suits of armour', AFM iv 1244.16 . a bheirt ghliadh 'his battle armour', Celtica xxvi 101 § 28 . buiden do rāpēroip ┐ do daigēroib . . . go mbeirtibh cloch uaissle cumdaigh ar n-a gcomhōradh `with hilts (scabbards ?) of ornamented precious stones' (?), Fl. Earls 100.33 . ocht .xx. claidimh beirte cumdhaigh le hor, L. Chl. S. 27.

III

(a) deed, exploit; feat, trick; effort, task; action, behaviour: na trī berta buadhnaise . . . sin those three exultant deeds, ML² 1122. Cf. phr. b.¤ búada below. Macha, co mbert- aib na mbergg `with feats of heroes', MacCarthy 182 § 5 . tria beirt n-iṅglicc fria n-athair ( Gen. xix 30 - 35 ) wanton trick, Rawl. 72a36 . in b.¤ baísi `foolish thing', TBC-LL² 1064 . atbath tre beirt láechda lúaith, Metr. Dinds. ii 20.23 . do rigni berta fir baíth, iv 146.6 . ag déanamh beart mbaodhluch `venturesome deeds', O'Hara 1390. Lugaid [luth] la beirt (: seirc), Ériu v 209.20 . beart ullamh hí on aingeal (of the Incarnation), DDána 48.17 . beart do bheartaibh an tṡaoghail `one of the tricks of the world', KMMisc. 350.24 . amail dogéntais in mbeirt (: ardneirt) `as they should achieve the task', Ériu iv 110.2 . In phr. b.¤ búada: co fagba lícc bas b.¤ búada for lecht n-Aeda `stone that shall be a trophy', Metr. Dinds. iv 102.12 . bearta a buadh ar ghléire gall (of Ireland), Hackett xlii 68 . Cf. ML² 1122. b.¤ cháis: Muire ógh ar t'fheart / a brón 's a beart cháis, PBocht 5.54 . In phrr. (attá, do-icc) ar b.¤ : a imscar ┐ Meic Con asin chath ro boí ar b.¤ oco the battle that was about to take place between them (?), LU 9828 ( PRIA xix 532.7 ). tathum domna bróin ar beirt matter for grief has fallen to me (?), Metr. Dinds. iv 284.3 . cia beith olc na crí / connāch tí for beirt `though they meditate evil, it may not come to pass' (?), KMMisc. 268.14 . da ceirtbliadain dó for beirt / i tig Loairnd dó ag Eirc, YBL 317b7 ( Aided M. 800 ). Note also: mar adberaid buidni ar beirt / maraid im' cuimni comneirt, MacCarthy 410 § 6 . (In cheville) caoine (leg. cáiniu) bertaibh, ZCP viii 198.7 .

(b) move in a game, play in a game, game: ro tincoisc beirt diarbo cluchi for Murchadh `a move by which a game went against M.', Cog. 144.3 . an bheart (bheirt, v.l.) eile, Ériu xvii 12.30 . b.¤ indarba agad, a meic `a move of banishment', Ériu iii 154 § 8. [tré]na beirt ndírig ndílis `for his straight and honourable play', SG 124.18 . gairid ar mbúain resin mbeirt / gur smúain an aibhid d'imeirt, IGT Decl. ex. 625. ? dál féirleabtha d'inghin é / imridh sé éinbhearta is í, ex. 1113 .

Compds. brig ar bertblaidh, IT iii 64 § 131.26 . a n-anmann cen bertbrón (mertbron, v.l.: Mercōn), ZCP xii 377.7 .

1 caín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caín or dil.ie/7787
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: caindeifriges, cainternais

adj i fine, good, fair, beautiful , etc. Of persons etc.: Bláán cáin Cinn Garad, Fél. Aug. 10 . C. ba cáin áge, July 6 . a phopa ch.¤ Conaire, BDD² 1175 . caínsi ch.¤ corcarda lais, 675 . caín tarb (caintarb, v.l.) (of Cet), Sc.M² 15 . coīn mīlid Ailill fri āgu, Corp. Gen. 8.13 . is cur c.¤ ¤ cathbúadach, LU 8956 ( FB 71 ). it caíni for slúaig, 5531 (TBC). am c.¤ (.i. ni ḟuil luib is chaime andú), LL 1555 . cid cáin lib in laechrad, IT i 77.9 (LMU). cáin cech culēn fó ṡaidh, Cáin Ad. 8 . aged chāin (: sōir), ACL iii 307 § 15 . ingen Chuinn an c[h]rotha caoin, ML² 810 . sé c.¤ ceilligi carthanach, Stair Erc. 1025 . Of an action: is cáin didiu a n-essimthecht `fair then is their going forth', Thes. i 495.19 (Ardm.). ? c.¤ forondar a chorp hi crú, LU 8339 ( FB 24 ) (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 604 ). Of clothes: fúan c.¤ corcra, LU 8601 ( FB 45 ). ad-mestar cáircha assa comthlachtaib cóinib, ZCP xi 85 § 39f. lend bus caoin dath, ML² 513 . Of objects soft, smooth : ail chaoin cumdachta, Ériu xiii 30.29 . im iomdhaidh thaoibh chais chaoin, 28.22 . ag cennghail um charraic cháin, Acall. 858 . mess fás. fidh cáin. olcc bláth `smooth' (i.e. devoid of fruit ?), SG 80.8 . is c.¤ cech ard, LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). ba c.¤ ind fhidchell, TBFr. 90 . Of speech etc. soft, gentle : guthán c.¤ , Ériu xviii 12 § 6 . caoin fuigheall fri heigsi, Ériu xiii 14.3 . labhra chaoin, DDána 13.4 . d'aitheasg chaoin, 17.15 . cómhrádh caoin gach naoimh, Párl. na mB. 889 . ceól caoin na bhfilídhe, 1633 . ar chruit chaoin, DDána 119.29 . comhairle ch.¤ , ML 6.22 . Of weather fine, clement : sína caíni . . . gaim c.¤ cuisnech (oppd. to sína saiba), ZCP xi 82 § 25 . In chevilles: caoin rath, Blathm. 4 . caoin sgel, 153 . In nn.loc.. crutti Caínbili o Ess Rúaid da n-airfitiud, LL 8816 ( TBC-LL¹ 1449 ). Cf. Cluain caín, Druim caín, Caíndruim etc., Hog. Onom. Adv. co c.¤ cennsa, Stair Erc. 2235 .

Compar. Ailenn . . . / caīnu dūn dindgnai, Corp. Gen. 8.17 . cainiu cach fiach, SR 2485 . cainiu fedaib, Auraic. 5550 . ba cæine side cach fichthill, ZCP iv 35.17 v.l. As superl.: cáiniu di ḟlaithib in domuin, TBC-LL¹ 5171 .

Superl. ǽ drobéssach caínem di thonemaib Heirenn, Trip.² 1695 . Crist ba caoinem clú, Blathm. 247 .

As subst. Of a person: caoin ó a bhfaghair fóirithin (of a bishop), Arch. Hib. i 97 xviii . caíni U. (three harpers), TBFr. 108 . See 2 caín.

Compds. Forms compds. with nouns, adjj. and in adverbial sense with verbs. In composition with verbs treated as unstressed prefix, see GOI § 384 . In later lang. such compds. treated as simple vbs. e.g. caindeifriges, Auraic. 985 ; cainternais (sic leg.), ML 162.22 . Also used to form artificial compds. in etymol. glosses. Some of the compds. included here could belong to cain.

With nouns: ar a chaonairilledh, Leb. Gab.(i) 226.2 . bindḟogur a gotha ┐ a caínurlabra, LL 7740 ( TBC-LL¹ 210 ). trisin cainaisṅdíis (ref. to bene gratias agis). Wb. 12d20 . ar cháinbésaib im chóemchostud na fledi, MU² 211 . a gcrabhadh ┐ a ccáoinbhesaibh, Ériu v 74.13 . cāemdūdracht, cāinbēsa, ZCP viii 215.2 . do cech eclais bís i cāinbéscnu, Cáin Ad. 36 . aitherrach cáinbescna daib fri Dia, Anecd. i 41.20 . ica tá caoin bleith (of metal), O'Dav. 200 . ropo chuiscle chaenbríg, LL 27008 . fo cháinbuide (: óenṡuidi) na ndrong, SR 6055 . atcota becdata cāinbude humility wins gratitude, Anecd. iii 11.7 . ech gach eamhain ina caoincennas coir, Ériu xiii 27.8 ( Laws v 62.21 Comm. ). biaidh bo fó chaoinchethair ar anair n-iorchoraigh, xiii 25.22 `there will be a cow four fair times (i.e. there will be four cows) for a full melodious anair' (verse dealing with the rewards due to various metres), Meyer, Misc. Hib. 22 . ¤-chomrac etc. see separate entries. do-rala caínchomrád etir Coin C. ┐ Emir, MU² 136 . tré . . . caencrabud B., Lism. L. 3330 . atcota cīall cáin-chruth, Anecd. iii 10.18 . Mock n.pr.: Caonchruth mac Caoindhelbha, ii 64.5 . fothughad a caen-daime budein, Laws v 52.17 Comm. ¤-dúthracht etc., see separate entries. céd corn caoinegair, Mart. Don. xxxvi 14 . co cathair na caenḟled, Gorm. Dec. 18 . a chaínfochell asar corp `fair wage', Wb. 15c24 . tabraid . . . cāinforgall, Thes. ii 306.2 (Hy. i). ní raba . . . bá moo eneach na caonfuarascaibh ionás renown, TFrag. 178.1 . ¤-ḟúairrech etc. see separate entries. sin chaóinfresdail ┐ fritheoladh, RC xxix 146 § 72 . nach claistear a gcaoinḟriotal gentle speech, Hackett² xviii 39 . tria caonGhaoidheilg, Hugh Roe² 244.7 (fo. 61a) . Maccæma Túath nDea dom ét iar mo caenghuide, RC xii 60 § 18 . huanaib cainimbedaib ilaigthib gl. multiplicatis benedictionibus, Ml. 105a7 . cāinlāech Luigdech, AID i 53 § 3 , Celtica xi 125 . ar chrábhadh na caoin-léaghan do rádh `to say a prayer(?)', Celt. Rev. x 134.12 . caín-leas, MR 160.5 . fó ṡídh ┐ fo chaoin loisi, AFM ii 1164.6 . triallais . . . caenmag, LL 15762 . naoi ccuill chaoinmhesa, Ériu xiii 26.20 . anruth .i. sruth cain molta uadh, Laws iv 358.21 Comm. concertfa caenrecht for iathu B., YBL 181a11 . act rocloor for cáinscéilsi a good account of you, Wb. 23b2 , cf. b41 . fer ro scríb . . . / cáinscéla Críst chrochthai, Fél. May 6 . rind caein-sholais Chaingcrech, MR 114.2 . gan dire do chreith caoinṡrothaib, Ériu xiii 17.13 . á caintaidlech gl. satisfactionem, Ml. 32b22 . cáinteist diib `good testimony', Wb. 23a23 . ic tabairt chaintestusa, LB 107a24 . caintír toirthech (? cain), SR 963 . déce do caerca caeintlachta, Leb. Gab.(i) 30.15 . teinniu achuinscliu caíntocud, LU 7385 . trí hingena berta seirc do cháinthocud, Triads 110 . iarsin chaíntoil gl. secundum bonum placitum, Wb. 20d19 . do lucht na cain toile, ITS xxix 144.2 . 'na sgéith chreidimh ┐ chaointoile, Parrth. Anma 5064 . cáintoimtiu diib `a fair opinion of you', Wb. 23a22 . adchonncadar . . . isan chaentracht clerech, RC xxvi 160 § 47 . iarna cáintuistin, SR 7999 .

With adjj.

(a) Dvandva compds.: tecait cāinḟinn / corra, ḟāilinn `fair white birds', K. and H. 18 § 27 . cāinmaith slān / Sīrne, Ält. ir. Dicht. i 29.27 .

(b) Adjj. derived from nouns: go cobhsaidh caoin-bhéasach, TSh. 1854 . do reir diancecht cainbrethaig fair-judging, Laws iii 362.4 Comm. ambreith Chaei Chaenbrethaig, Thr. Ir. Gl. 9.2 . Connla Caoinbhriathrach, Keat. iii 518 . Mock n.pr. Feli ingen Caoinchlothaigh, Anecd. ii 64.9 . is caínchomairlechu beith i ssíd, LL 31741 (TTr.). uo cōinchomráitech . . . na fēne re chéle, Fianaig. 64.4 . a sgiath . . . chaoindealbhach, ML 112.19 . in dearc . . . caen-dénmach beneficent, PH 5923 . cros caoindénmhach uas a cind, AFM iii 312.10 . caindénmide gl. benefica est, Ml. 25d4 (caindenminde, MS). caindéinmidi (-deimidi, MS) gl. beneficam, 120b6 . amal as dund chaindénmidiu gl. benefico, 33b9 . nadbi caínfoltach nibi caínfuillmech `he who is not well qualified is not well remunerated', Ériu xviii 47.5 ( Laws v 112.7 ). cluithche caoínmhenmnach, Ériu v 166.56 . easbog cáoinráidhtioch, Párl. na mB. 3794 . labrad uallach ┐ chaintoimtenach dib fadesin `proud and self-complaisant speech', Ml. 31b10 . See caínḟúairrech.

With verbs: cáin-airlice lend graciously(?), LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ). mani cáinairlither `unless thou take good heed', Wb. 5b38 . in tan na cain-biadhtar cain-scarat, Laws v 292.12 . nī bo fri óigthea acher / cāinbói (.i. cáin nobíid) fri lobru trúagu, Thes. ii 328.3 (Hy.v). la Dal Riada cainebar / . . . / lethdeog, Anecd. i 14.15 ( SCano 478 ) (ibid). cáineperr gl. bene dicitur, Sg. 215a3 . caínéra, LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ). caoin éranar muca mbroghtar ina muicthech, Ériu xiii 27.23 = amail atbeir isin bretha nemidh cain erenar muc mbrogtar ┐ rl., O'Curry 1451 ( H 3.18, 647b ) (as-ren). c.¤ feid a rosc, LU 8342 ( FB 24 ). c.¤ fera bodil di fodbaid ríg (rhet.), 6122 (TBC). c.¤ fúalaing fuither glaini sair, 8343 ( FB 24 ). inna caingnethi gl. bene acta, Ml. 22d18 . With in-láidi, see ind-láidi. cumala caínógat a ngnímu `who fulfil their services well', Críth G. 485 and n . caínoís, LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ) (oidid). cain rognatha (gníid), Ml. 39a24 . cáinscríbaimm, Thes. ii 290.11 . caínté im gaí cainte gaithe, LL 1570 (téit). cia tīasam cáin temadar (.i. alaind), Thes. ii 299.30 (Hy. i). in-díu trá cáin-timgarat, Lament 90.5 . inna caintinscantai gl. bene coepta, Ml. 131c18 . caín tintaé chucum, LU 8310 ( FB 23 ). is caintormachtae (do-formaig), Hib. Min. 13.451 . clanda caine caīntuismiter, ZCP xi 92 § 21 . amail bid cainullmaigthe, Hib. Min. 13.448 .

In etymol. glosses on con as conjunction and preverb: caoinberim nó caoinbritheamnaigim gl. conidbiur, O'Dav. 391 (cf. Ériu xiii 21.30 ). conamus . . . .i. . . . ro cainaimsighedh, Laws i 48.18 Comm. conaraig . . . .i. . . . ro chain-airgestair, v 292.14 Comm. ar na conderbathar .i. ar na caindiubarthar, iv 196.23 Comm. (2 do-rorban?).

In later lang. used as occas. alliterating ornament e.g. do chogair ┐ do chaoin-chomhairligh aige féin, ML 26.14 .

With vnn.: cuile iar cainbiathad, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 52.29 ( Laws ii 386.z ). a condaill .i. a caindeligud, Auraic. 1501 . na ro cuindrigther . . . .i. na dentar do caindirech, Laws i 192.8 Comm. (etymol. gl.). in chainepirt gl. benedictio, Ml. 137d6 . tosach cōru cāinepert, Anecd. iii 16.15 . is maith bar caeineiberta, SG 350.1 . ¤-gním, see separate entry.

cnú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cnú or dil.ie/9776
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: chnú, cnaoi, cnai, chno, cnó, cnu, cnóe, cnoi, cnói, cnoi, cnæ, cn, cnó, chnáo, chno, cnóib, cnó, cna, cnaoí, cna, cno, cnúa, cnúithe, cna, cna, cnúithe, cnait[h]e, cnaibh, cnoibh

n u, f. GOI 197 ; treated as m. in ref. to men: cnú caech, Fél. 156.7 . an cnú do chnuas Gh., Ir. Syll. Poetry 23 § 1 . n s. in chnú , RC viii 56.y . a s. cnaoi, LU 7329 (BDD). RC viii 56.x . cnai, Celtica ii 80.329 . g s. chno, Thes. i 5.38 . cnó, LU 8121 ( FB 9 ). cnu, O'Curry 860 ( H 3.18, 388 marg. inf.) (poss. g p.). n p. cnoe, Thes. ii 249.7 . cnóe, LL 27688 . Ériu iv 138.z . cnoi, Mon. Tall. 13 . cnói, Metr. Dinds. iii 288.27 . cnoi, LL 13579 . cnæ, Ériu vii 197.17 . cn, ZCP v 22 § 16 . cnó, Ériu xiii 26.20 . g p. chnáo, ZCP xii 366.9 . chno, Auraic. 1183 . Ériu xix 60.5 . d p. cnóib, Metr. Dinds. iii 130.31 . Later with n s. cnó, Airne F. 354 . d s. cna, IGT Decl. ex. 68 . cnaoí, O'R. Poems 974 . n p. cna, BS 116.17 . PBocht 1.4 . cno(: so), DDána 9.7 . cnúa, IGT Decl. ex. 1783 . cnúithe, § 98 . a p. cna, BCC 24 . cna proscribed form, IGT Met. Faults § 149 . cnúithe, Decl. ex. 1780 . ch.¤ , Introd. § 80 . Decl. ex. 614 . cnait[h]e, 23 K 42, 166.4 . d p. cnaibh, DDána 2.9 . cnoibh, Dánfhocail 208 . c.¤ f., IGT Decl. §§ 83 , 98 , 203 .

Nut : cnū .i. cāiniu .i. millsi oldati na toraid aile, Corm. Y 348 . feis for bloescaib cno `spending the night . . . on nutshells', Ériu xix 60.5 . teinm cno, O'Curry 769 ( H 3.18, 362a ). ba meti cend fir in ch.¤ , RC viii 56.x . bruithter cno, Ériu xiii 24.10 . a chna, a airne ionnúara, BS 110.8 . an ch.¤ ní 'na bláth beantair, Dán Dé vii 15 . an chraobhshlat gan chnaoi (of Mary after death of Christ), xxvi 38 . is iad na cnó gnae, crand bis isin doman toir ┐ cnó ḟasas air . . . cona[d] dib sin dognither na bleighedha buis comardaigther risna cornaib buabaill . . . cedfaid Ferdomain . . . epscop Chille Dara . . . conadh iad na cna imais iad, O'Curry 1009 ( H 3.18, 429a ). Cf. O'Curry 352 ( H 3.18, 193c ), O'Dav. 539 . See gnóe. síltair sopur na Segsa / . . . ó thuitit cnói Crínmoind cain, Metr. Dinds. iii 288.27 . dona cnoib Segsa, Auraic. 5317 . cnōi cuill cāinmessa hazel nuts, Ériu vii 2.19 . na cnadh coill ┐ na castáinidhe 'the hazel-nuts and the chestnuts', Corp. Astron. 168.7 . cnaí conaire 'road-nuts; food one brings with one on a journey' Celtica xiii 21 . coimmeid hi re cnai nGaeidhealaigh, Celtica ii 80.329 `hazel nut' Gloss. in ch.¤ gædhilach gl. auellana (leg. Abellana) nux barua, RC ix 226.3 . auillani .i. na cno mora, ACL i 28 § 91 . bliadain na gcnó bfhinn `white nuts', ALC i 84.4 . cnú francach walnut, RC ix 238 58b . slata . . . do crann cno bhfrancach, Gen. xxx 37 . c.¤ cāech nó dule feda. O'Mulc. 757 . See cáech. c.¤ ḟás see 1 fás. asna cnaibh seasga, Oss. v 90.10 . Of nut-shell used as vessel: lan lestair na cno, O'Curry 588 ( H 3.18, 290 ). dorinneas lán ch.¤ do chantain, Ó Bruad. iii 214.y `to fulfil all due', n.; see also cnúlestar below. ?Of container for ink: do mhill olcus na cnu ┐ in membruim inn, O'Curry 860 ( H 3.18, 388 marg. inf.).

In transf. senses: ? nach diongna sé acht cóir fan gcnaoi `exacts justice in every trifle', Aithd. D. 84.1 . a ch.¤ fholamh na n-ainmhian (of the body), DDána 1.12 . mo ch.¤ is mo chiste-se (of harp made of hazel), Keat. Poems 281 . Of persons: c.¤ caech `blind nut' (of sinner), Fél. 156.7 . is cnú chaech … cách na déni toil in Rig 'anyone who does not do the will of the King is an empty nut', LL 36780 , Stud. Hib. xix 33 . Frequ. in laudatory sense: c.¤ ós coill, O'R. Poems 1685 , see n. an treas c.¤ don chrobhaing (of Holy Spirit), DDána 9.6 . ní Dáibhith . . . / ná Pól . . . / . . . a ch.¤ chothrom `neither D. . . . nor Paul . . . was his type', Ó Bruad. ii 194.8 .

In phrases: c.¤ chumhdaigh, c.¤ chroidhe, c.¤ choisi (acht na cnúithe coisi), IGT Decl. § 98 . is mé a c.¤ chridi glé darling, LU 8331 ( FB 24 ). c.¤ mo chraidhi, Acall. 4876 . a ch.¤ cheannsa na rosc `tender darling', Ó Bruad. i 8.15 . Cf. c.¤ na cclíar, Párl. na mB. 3816 . c.¤ chumhdaigh dar gcrobhuing féin protector (of Christ), Aithd. D. 75.40 . cnū mhullaigh na macroidhe, O'R. Poems 364 `the highest (i.e. most desirable) nut', Gloss M. c.¤ ós crobhaing `renowned above heroes', AFM v 1636.7 . See mullach, mocol.

Compds. With nouns. oired cnúboithe bochtáin tiny bothy, Caithr. Thoirdh. 3.x . ar mess chnó-chaille Achad `nut-grove', Metr. Dinds. iii 388.34 . dream ród g-cnofhídh- bhadh g-cruinn `of round-nutted woods', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 354.7 . .u. bainde . . . a cnulestar lán the hollow of a nut, O'Curry 587 ( H 3.18, 290 ). in chétna dabach . . . ro díscáil . . . amal chnómaidm `like the breaking of a nutshell', TBC-LL² 1195 . mes mor etir cnomes ┐ daurmes hazelnuts(?), AU i 336.21 .

With adjj.: barr dess dornach / collān cnóbeac `of tiny hazelnuts', K. and H. 14 . ósin chlár chnóboc, LL 1281 ( BB 34a3 ). Cf. cnóbog .i. bog oirdheirc, O'Cl. na bhfeadh collbán, cnóbuidi, Ériu iv 228.4 . coull ut dicitur cno-car fer .i. cach ag ithe a cno, Auraic. 4279 . crích cnóidhearcach cláir Chualonn, Top. Poems² 1047 . na gcuan gcnódhonn, DDána 111.8 . cach coll cno-gel, Hy Fiach. 272.10 .

With vb.: gor' cnomuidh a cride indti `broke like a nut', Dinds. 2 ( RC xv 289 ). O'Cl. Metr. Dinds. iii 158.12 .

1 fíach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fíach or dil.ie/21871

 

Forms: feich, fiach, dfēch, féich, fíachu, feich

n o, m. g s. ind feich , Ml. 55a7 . d s. fiach, Wb. 2b25 . (for dfēch, Ardm. 17b1 > Thes. ii 239.20 , see dég). n p. féich, Wb. 4a10 . a p. fíachu, LU 7053 .

(a) an obligation, a payment due debt, also legal due, fine, penalty: iar fíach (gl. secundum debitum) Wb. 2b25 . nipa deoladacht acht bid fíach, 2b26 . ind feich (gl. debiti) Ml. 55a7 . dlegtir féich dúib `debts are owed by you' Wb. 4a10 . meni dlessad ḟiachu do neoch unless someone owed him debts TBC-LL¹ 2988 . is me dliges fíachu `'tis I that am entitled to dues' BDD 70 . intí dia ndligi ḟiachu dosfothlaig fair he who owes thee debts, demand them from him LL 122a45 ( RC iii 184 ). intí dia ndligi ḟiachu saig fair, LL 116 b 37 . deich meic Conaill Cloen ... a cōic dīb frislontis a fēich a cōic aile ronascitis a fēich, Rawl. 155a16 . gebait im fiachu I will accept it in satisfaction of my dues BDD 73 . ni f.¤ opaid, LU 5668 (see opad). ni gébed Joseph nach fiach | óna tuathaib acht mad biad, SR 3389 . ní gata Adomnan fiachu ar flaith ┐ eclais ┐ fine dia mbi dír, Cáin Ad. 29 . oiret bé [in maer] ic tabach fhiach while the steward is levying the dues MacCongl. 57.13 . In Law-tracts: fiach ní ro dlomthar do flaithib (.i. is fiachach aní aisnéither ... do gelladh dona gradaib flatha), O'D. 717 (< H 3.17, c. 523 ). Cf. is fiach ní dlomthar, Ériu xii 176.5 ( TE 3 ). do saire ar fiachaib sin i n-urradhus, ┐ nochon uil saeire ar biadh i n-urradhus amhail ata i cain, O'D. 2351 (< Rawl. B 506, f. 40 ). fíach dleghar dimse sunn indiu the debt which is due from me here to-day (`die Schuld die ich hier heute schulde') Bürgschaft § 53 . gaib fort laim fiach damsa huaīt undertake to pay me the debt § 51a0 . ni beir fothuth fiachu feeding (of the creditor by the debtor) does not absolve debts § 63 . fiadnaisi con-oi ... fiachu witness safeguards debts ib. duine atā ag tobach fiach, cidh ēric fogla, cidh feich cuir no cunnartha `fine for injury or debts of bargain or contract' (i.e. payment due by reason of bargain, etc.) Laws v 352.12 Comm. atá in rāith aca atmāil co ndechaidh risna fiachaib the surety admits that he guaranteed the dues Bürgschaft 43 . icuidh in rāith féin na fiacha ib. Dist. from `díre': atait secht tobaig ... nacon dlegat dire na fiacha ... for nech a n-elo `seven levyings which are not entitled to `dire' nor debts from a person for deserting' 178.2 . digaib di diriu fiach a nothrusa, BCrólige § 10 (but: fiacha .i. corpdiri § 19 ). secht fuile ... nacon tuillit fiachu na othrus seven blood[shed]s that do not incur fines or sick maintenance Laws v 142.2 . an tí dofeith biodhbadha i ttuaith ... doslí fiacha amhail gach mbiodhbaidh, Ériu xiii 35.16 . secht n-athgabala ... is inti nodo gaib asren fiach ina ngabail `pays fine for taking them' Laws v 254.3 . cach oín tobó fiachu inna cānae `everyone who shall levy the dues of the Law' [sc. of Adomnán; the fines due from violators of it] Cáin Ad. 48 . in tan dombongatar feich ib. folongat comnaidm fiach `sustain a joint contract of debts' ib. dia ngontar maic [e]annaic ... is dia n-uamaib adnacail tiaguit a feich, ┐ a feich erradais dia flaithib a finib, 40 . it cobfiachaigh tra fir ┐ mna hi cacha fiachaib beccaib ┐ móraib ..., 45 . sellach lánfeich ┐ sellach lethfeich a looker-on who incurs full fine ... half-fine Laws i 240.25 . an baile a ndlegar bas o tuaith gabar feich o eclais, iv 236.13 . Somet. used for éric, see BCrólige p. 120 n. 2 . With gen. of offence: fiach indlighidh athgabala fine for illegal distress Laws i 86.17 Comm. co ro ica in flaith fiach na gubreithe, v 178.16 Comm . is fiach dítin in gach ní dibh sin on eclais, iv 234z . it é féich thairmthechta in domnaig .i. unga ... for fer imthéit ..., Ériu ii 204.14 . mas do marbad indilsigh docuaidh ┐ dilsech dorala do marbad, fiach maigne ┐ imraid uaid don indilsech risi ndechaid (`fine in respect of place and of intention') Laws iii 136.14 . ar ḟiach n-iomraidhte, Ériu xiii 50.19 .

Rarely with gen. of creditor: ó nach féadann ... dul ó fhiachaibh an Airdríogh escape his debt to the Lord Dán Dé iv 5 .

Theol.: log dún ar ḟiachu debita nostra PH 7937 ( Matthew vi 12 ). maith dhuinn ar bhfiacha, Ó Héodhusa 84 . gurab iomdha fiacha luighes oraind ag Dia ar son ar bpecaidh ib.

Hence in general, a penalty, punishment: f.¤ a mescai, Ériu vii 148.6 . Of religious penance: iar tabirt feich after giving dues, i.e. doing penance Mon. Tall. § 43 . f.¤ n-aidci lúoin do tabairt isind sathurn to perform Sunday night's penance on Saturday § 26 . doberair dia sathairn im noin fiach aibne na hoidche luain, LB 11b7 ( Rule of Tallaght 78 ). ni ta bar f.¤ aibne flagellation is not inflicted [is not paid] Mon. Tall. § 30 . arra troiscthe do fiachaib aibne flagellation equivalent to fasting RC xv 490.22 .

(b) a duty, obligation (esp. in pl.): meabhair donti dian fiacha (.i. dona senchadhaibh) whose duty it is (to remember) Leb. Gab.(i) i 112.4 . fiacha orthaibh a furtacht they were bound to help it Miscell. Celt. Soc. 354.20 . ós d'ḟiachaibh airdríogh Mumhan | do rígh Éireann umhlughadh, Content. ix 3 . (atá) d'fiachaib for (ar) is incumbent on, is a duty, obligation of: gonadh aire sin bhíos fiacha aige oraind is na deghoibrighthibh léigmíd thorainn, Ó Héodhusa 110 . ata ... coimétt an tire sin d'fiachaibh oruinn, BNnÉ 87.34 . an biathachas do bhí d'f.¤ orra do thabhairt, Keat. iii 2628 . i n-aghaidh gach laoi dá raibhe d'fhiachaibh orra bheith ar an bhfásach, TSh. 4898 . do bhí d'ḟ.¤ air gan a rún do nochtadh he was bound not to reveal his secret Keat. ii 2684 . an tan do bhiadh d'ḟ.¤ orra aifreann do rádh, TSh. 4515 . a ndlighthear dhíom ... ní coir dhamh a iarraidh a chur dhíom acht a dhiol do bhrigh go bhfuil sē d'fhiachaibh orm, Rule of Tallaght 12.19 . comhaill do gheallamhuin amail dobeth si [d]fiachaib (sic leg.] ort, Ériu v 140.16 . d'fiachaibh ar lucht inotachta na cathrach almsa do denomh those who enter the city are obliged to give alms Fl. Earls 100.5 . d'ḟ.¤ ar an Iustis Donn Iohn do leiccen iomlán, AFM vi 2302.3 . cuirim d'ḟiachaib ar ... I compel ... to: cuirid orm d'ḟiachaibh ... dol, TD 3.16 . cuiris d'f.¤ air ascnámh, Fl. Earls 118.17 . without ar and pers.: I cause: cuirfidh mé dfíachaibh a náthrughadh I will cause them to be removed Jerem. xv 4 . gaibim d'fiachaib orm I take on me as a duty: díon a threabh ... do ghabh d'fh.¤ air, Rel. Celt. ii 222.32 . téit i fiachaib ar is laid to the charge of, serves as a claim on: air féin ar túis téid i bhfiachaibh it is he that first incurs the obligation (i.e. his deed rebounds on himself) TD 29.28 . nár dhligh sí dul i bhf.¤ ar Éireannchaibh it ought not to be brought as a charge against Keat. i 10.13 . na leig cathaighthe an dhiabhail do dhol a bhf.¤ oirne, Ó Héodhusa 86.13 (a paraphr. of Matthew vi 13 ).

(c) a fee, guerdon, payment: ar a hícc ba hé in f.¤ in chluain this was the payment, the meadow Metr. Dinds. iii 156y . dorad Finn fiach a leanna do C., Acall. 1607 . do berim adám ech ... duit, ... fiach indsma na sleigi, 4909 . feich baistedha baptismal fees BNnÉ 45.32 . Cf. f.¤ féile, in a list of wild fruits, BS p. 116 (prob. merely a cheville, but given by P. O'C. , s.v. f.¤ f.¤ `a fowl or other novelty, procured for a festival or holiday'). Price equivalent: as eadh bá dior dhó seacht fichit damh, acht asé f.¤ ro toibhgheadh ann, fiche uinge ar ceithri céd d'airgeat ghil, AFM ii 1142.17 (= as e a fiach ..., AU 1161 ). uingi d'ór no a fiach, Fen. 140.19 . Cf. use in chevilles in SR: Percoba cainiu cach f.¤ (fairest of guerdons ?) SR 2485 . mó cach f.¤ 2635 .

1 gráin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gráin or dil.ie/26495

 

n f. IGT Decl. § 14.

(a) awfulness : i ndiad inna fersae hi tadbadar a graín fo chosmailius inna ríg talmandae after the verses in which His awfulness is shown, Ml. 40c22 . cachla fers and di adhuath ┐ gráin, ib. 40c16 . ar gráin ┐ ar ecla ┐ ar úamun Conculaind, TBC-LL¹ 1608 . cainiu di ḟlaithib in domuin ... eter urud ┐ gráin, ib. 5172 . soid a grád ┐ a gráin for cūlu, ZCP xi 86 § 45 . grāin lium do loscud m'anma, ACL iii 245 § 33 . do chur graine ┐ geinedechta is in n-gilla, MR 178.5 . grāin ríg cōigcid for fer a inaitt dogrēs `every successor of his should be dreaded like the king of a province,' BColm. 88.8 .

(b) loathsomeness, an object of loathing or horror : ri úathgráin mo gnusi, LU 10276 . grāin cach āenfir iarna ēc, ACL iii 239 § 23 . ba grain tra a tuarascbail na cailligi `loathsome, in sooth, was the hag's appearance,' RC xxiv 196.z . is ar gráin in pheccaid-sin docuired aithne ar leith fair, PH 7767 . tancatar da nathraigh chucu ... co ngrain n-adhuathmair, Aen. 487 . in gráin atchess duit arm' gnúis, Ériu iv 106.3 . gráin catha ar mo cheann-aghaidh the fearsomeness of battle, Content. xxiii 15.

(c) terror, horror : grāin graece pauor interpretatur , O'Mulc. 630 . tromda int erfuath ┐ is mōr in grāin donucsad forru, TBC-I¹ 3197 . romain ar grāin garganfod, Otia ii 83 § 10 . fa mba tre fochaid co ngrāin, ZCP x 46 § 11 . rosgab grain ┐ eclai iat, PH 975 . rom-dhealb grain ┐ egla ┐ omon, Aen. 532 . a Ghoill go ngráin, Celt. Rev. x 139.12 . abradh fris co na tardad (viz. the ghost of Fergus) gráin na hirḟūath leis ina dochum, ACL iii 5.8 . g.¤ re horror at : fer is mo gráin do gabhuir | a ló n-áig re n-urcharuib `the one who is found most terrified at shots on the day of slaughter,' Ériu iv 214 § 11 . is móidi a gráin re a ngothaib `his horror at their censures is all the greater,' ib. 216 § 13 . cia an duine ... nach géabhadh gráin rompa iar na gclos ? (= quis ... talia sciens non contremiscat), TSh. 6752 ; 8553 . curaidh gan ghrāin re nguasocht, DDána 102.2 .

Compd. ba búan-léir gairbe grán-áig `famous ... the fierceness of the horrid fight,' Metr. Dinds. ii 46.24 .

(d) loathing, aversion : an lucht leis nach gráin ... na truaigh do fhodhbhadh ┐ do chrechad, RC xxv 392.21 . With prep. ar : o tharla in gráin-si er in adaltras, PH 7794 . lán do dhēistin ┐ do ghráin ar ainmhianaibh eisionnraca na hóige, TSh. 8555 . a ghráin ar an bpecadh (of the Deity), Parrth. Anma 85.16 . bíodh gráin agaibh ar an olc, Romans xii 9 . fionghal ná feall | ná ní ar a mbeith grainc ná gráin, Dánta Gr. 4.10 . gaibid gráin re0 (later le) repulsion seizes ... at : rosgab crith ┐ grain re gnúis diabuil, MacCarthy 66.16 . a duine nād gabad grāin | re nduine ar scarad re scēim, ACL iii 237 § 14 . gráin ag gabháil an dairbh dháoil | le hanáil t'airm, a Amhlaíbh, IGT Decl. ex. 1921.

orgán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. orgán or dil.ie/33999

 

Forms: orghán

n o, m. (Lat. organum) orghán (g s. -án, -áin, n p. -áin, -ána), IGT Dec. § 35.15 . A musical instrument (prob. a wind instru- ment, but freq. used in generic sense, often of martial music): n p. it hae ind orga[i]n . . . timpanum ┐ chithara , Ml. 89a8 (= Lat. organa). orgain humaidi, 116c8 . co n-organ cainiu cliaraib, SR 6671. is e toisech ro chlecht cruit ┐ organ, MacCarthy 286 (a) = BB 11a11 (of Jubal, pater canentium citharâ et organo, Gen. iv 21 ). is iat ro gles in t-orgān (: án), ZCP viii 114 § 12. itir orgán ┐ gitart ┐ galltrumpa, vi 52.8 . stuicc ┐ orgáin ┐ cuirnd chathaige, Alex. 172. ro sinnitt a n-organa āigh ┐ a cuirn comairc, CCath. 5614. slúaigh aingeal . . . co n-orgánaibh examhla, BNnÉ 273 y . guth an orgáin, Job xxi 12. Of a person: in t-organ céit buadae, Fél. Mar. 12 (of Gregory the founder of church music). Transf. of melody: ro tṡeindestar C. a timpan ┐ tuc nuall-organ sidhe fuirre, Acall. 4620 ; cf. sian-argan, ib. 3482 . In mod. lang. somet. in pl. an organ (used in church music): orgáin ingantacha adhmait `organs' (? an organ), Fl. Earls 104.14 . aiffrenn canntaireachta ┐ organ, 28.21 ; cf. 68.22 ; 160.5 .

srath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. srath or dil.ie/38756
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: sraith, sraith, srath, sraith, sratha

n [orig. o, m.? But d s sraith, Alex. 873 ]. Later also sraith. srath (na habhann) m. (g s. sraith, sratha), IGT Decl. § 38 (87.11) . See Dán do Oide 335 .

(a) grass, sward : i s.¤ gl. in gramine, Thes. ii 46.21 . graig óir budi and fri s.¤ `on the sward', Imr. Brain 15 . moscing srathu careers across grasslands (of a horse), LU 8669 ( FB 50 ). in talam cona sraith trit no lomm `Grasschicht', Alex. 873 . selaig srathu Fomoire cut down Fomorians like grass (?) (`die Talgründe der Fomoren', as in (b) infra), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 6 § 1 . ? da grúad chorcra cainiu s.¤ , IT i 80.13 ( LMU 18 ).

(b) valley, bottom, meadow or grassy place near a river , etc.: dus in fagba sliab no s.¤ | no iath forsa tarrasad, SR 2551 . buair Muman gach baili | . . . | forrollscadh fo sratha | comdar data duibe, BB 375a17 = for ratha, Metr. Dinds. iii 218.35 . tar sraith Banna an bhruaigh ghil | tug dhá chreich, L. Cl. A. B. 158.149 . s.¤ d'faigsin isin Imleach | gan an sraitsin sibheinnfliuch, IGT Decl. ex. 1012 . sgor seng ar srathaibh na Múaidhe | lachain chenn n-úaine ar gach n-áth on the meadowlands of the Moy, ex. 1009 . gach s.¤ gach áth gac[h] abhann, Dán Dé xxv 22 . ? tuir dhíoghuinne . . . | 'n-a srothaibh corra ar n-a gcar | do chlochaibh troma an talmhan, DDána 75.25a . dochuaidh . . . for sraith na tiopraidi (`brink'), BS 28.16 . rothoirinn for sraith an topuir, 82.17 . ar shraithibh ┐ ar shíth-ghleanntaibh Innbhir na Bóinne, CRR² 70.5 . co rainic se s.¤ Saighre (n. loc.?), BNnÉ 113.10 .

(c) In chevilles: fri sratha slanaeb, SR 54 . srethaib s.¤ , 135 . co súidib s.¤ , 3227 . diargaet Mumu mīlib s.¤ | isin chath ic Cell Osnad, ZCP viii 118 § 28 .

(d) fine, tax : saor ó shrathaibh gan tabhairt air chios uaimse, O'Rah. (1900) xlvii 4 . dorinneadar iomchasaoid de bhíthin neamhchomhthruime gacha sratha ┐ gacha íoca dá mbíodh ortha, lii (291.9. 1911) . a's ní dhíolfam feoirling leo, cíos ná sraith, Munster Poets ii 108.16 . More usually sreth in this meaning.

Compd. ¤fhíadach: ag sraith-fhiadhach . . . ar lochtaibh a chomharsan `hunting widely' (Gloss.), TSh. 1620 .

Common in nn. loc. See Hog. Onom.

See sreth.