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adann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adann or dil.ie/295

 

n f. (cf. ad-annai).

(a) name of a contrivance for causing ignition, rushlight, taper, tinder(?): adand oc cainnill (.i. deróil oenchainnell bec hi farrad cainle more) a taper in comparison with a candle, LU 333 (ACC) (= ZCP xix 199 ). a.¤ .i. aen-itharna, Corm. Y 69 . adaind graece. adande .i. capit .i. ar gaibid in tene an cainnil , O'Mulc. 20 .

(b) coltsfoot: adhann and adhainn otherwise called spúnc, because got for tinder, P. O'C. portulaca .i. a[d]ann, Med. Gl. C 75 ( ACL i 335 ). adhann, the herb Colts-foot, Eg. Gl. 658 . albagla, portulaca, pespulli .i. anmanna na hadhainne, 23 K 42 330. 5 . adhunn, letus, andiuia `coltsfoot, lettuce, endive', Rosa Angl. 102 § 32 . sil . . . na haduindi, 84.7 .

caindel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caindel or dil.ie/7800
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: coinneal

n ā, f. (Lat. candela). coinneal f., IGT Decl. § 54 . candle, light : c.¤ a caindela .i. ōn chainnill, Corm. Y 272 . adand oc cainnill .i. deróil oenchainnell bec hi farrad cainle more, LU 333 . solus be choindell may the candle shine, Corp. Gen. 189 note . c.¤ for caindelbrai, Críth G. 181 . tri imglaice do cainnlib cona toimsib techtaib . . . tumud na cainnell a [n]geir, ZCP xiv 355 § 13 ( Laws ii 250 - 52 ). go secht coinnlibh ordoibh, Blathm. 222 . cainebar . . . / lethdeog fri caindli sorcha by candle-light , Anecd. i 14.16 ( SCano 480 ). íar feis fri caindlib sorchuib, Lament 100 § 22 . boltnogud cind óenchainle dina cainlib sin, LU 2059 ( FA 13 ). gaibid in tene an cainnil , O'Mulc. 20 . dligid sin Brīan tūs coindle, ZCP viii 231 § 24 . fulaiṅg c.¤ d'airi marb, LL 27866 . féil Muire na ccoinnell Candlemass , BNnÉ 61 § 81 . Prov. niba coindel fó dabaich dogén dímm, Trip.² 530 (cf. Matthew v 15 etc.). do las an choinnil, IGT Verbs § 121 .

Of the use of candles in the ceremony of excommunication: cuirther fa choinnlibh an mart i necclasaibh an choitcinn `the heifer was put under the candles in the churches of the community (i.e. the thieves were excommunicated)', ZCP x 20 n.7 . gan chúrsa coinne chum cuinneal do bháthadh i.e. he did not fight a duel that would incur excommunication, Hackett² xliii 98 . tug . . . coinle báite ar bhuidhnibh, xxxvi 93 . See also caindelbáthad, etc.

In fig. and transferred senses. Of persons shining light, paragon, hero etc. : in ch.¤ do muintir Dé . . . .i. Senán Insi Cathaig, Trip.² 2426 . ceithre condli Críst (of the Evangelists), KMMisc. 256.16 . da ánchaindil gascid Gædel, TBC-LL¹ 3771 . ba c.¤ cecha claisse the light of every assembly (of an abbot), Bruchst. 53 § 118 . M. mac A. . . . coinnel enig ┐ engnama, Ann. Conn. 1232. 8 . c.¤ cacha hairechta re t'eladhain, Acall. 7752 . is í an bhanóg . . . / coinneall chéire, Aithd. D. 99.9 . Of weapons (see Fraech 21 n. ) : cúicroth óir ┐ c.¤ rígthaigi úas cach ae (of a spear), BDD² 882 . caindell rígthaige na láim go féthanaib argait ┐ co fonascaib óir, TBC-LL¹ 5190 . is hí in t-ṡleg atchondaic ina láim in Ch. Chuscraid, 5226 . da chaindill gaiscid di ṡlegaib coicrinnechaib illáim cech ḟir díb, TFerbe 29 . in Ch. Nuadat, name of a shield, LL 12511 ( Ériu iv 28 § 17 ). Various: is sí c.¤ ardustá / in lía lógmar, LU 3688 ( SCC 33 ). do chonnac dá choinnil naomh / . . . / éasga is . . . / an ghrian, Dán Dé xxix 23 . cainnle na mbalg mbuan, SG 245.41 `the stalks (of the birch) that bear the constant pods', ii 278 .

In legal contexts: fir as caindell incoisc hi suithghernsa set `a proof [witness?] which is a candle of demonstration', BCrólige 58 . atait secht fiadnaise . . . ite secht mbeocaíndle and so forosnad gae cach rig, Laws iv 52.9 . mataid fiadhin ann, a dul fein do cannill rem soillsi, co rabidar na turbaidh sin ann to the person who swears first(?), Laws i 300.33 Comm. ( ZCP xv 328 note ). caindell atai in gléfisa, 36.29 Comm. teora cainnle .i. naidm ┐ rath ┐ fiadnaise, O'Curry 468 ( H 3.18, 246 ). teora coindle co agu athcomairc .i. do berar dilsi a feraind uadha ó faisincidter (sic) in treighe taitnemach so amail cainnill fais, O'D. 1958 ( Eg. 90, 7 (8)ab ). in c.¤ in cuirmtig[i] fon mud cétna ma táit fiadhain and secib cainnel do gnét di, is a bith air, ┐ maine fuilet fiadain and, is a dénam don fir amuig conid cainnel duthrachta, ┐ a beth air, O'D. 1657 ( H 5.15, 22b ).

In names of plants: molena .i. in coinneall Muiri, ACL i 326 § 44 . blionia molena adhon in coinneall muire, RC ix 227 . cainneall Mhuire the herb mullen, torch-weed, or high- taper, P. O'C. roisg ar snuadh na gcoinnleadh gcorr, A. Ó Dálaigh x 3 and note.

Compds. ¤báthad, see separate article. da ḟer móra gaindelderca (caindeldercai, v.l.) with blazing eyes, TBC-LL¹ 4395 . a Condlai . . . muinbrec cainelderg, LU 10006 ; 'ruddy like a candle' (play on the name Condlae Rúad) CMCS xxx 49 n. 30 . cæca cloidim . . . coindelgorm, ZCP xiii 175.23 . a Chlidna chaindel-grúad, Metr. Dinds. iii 212.34 .

for-osna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. for-osna or dil.ie/23844
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fursann-, forosna, fursundud, foruasnaisiut, forosnaiter, forosna

v (for-osnda) (and- `kindle' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 457 , Thurn. ZCP viii 81 ) = protot. fursann-; forosna .i. fursannadh no roshoillsiughadh, O'Cl. fársán .i. fursannadh ib. (cf. O'Dav. 14 ). vn. fursundud (-sannad).

(a) lights up, illumines: gelgrian forosnai riched, Fél. Prol. 5 . rí reil ... forosna nem, SR 292 . tuídle tentidi forosnae Tech Midchúarda, LU 7207 ( BDD 87 ). cetheoir coinnle ... forosnat a clár, Fianaig. 14 § 33 . pret. foruasnaisiut in dunud (i.e. with their glittering accoutrements) IT iii 238.110 . Pass. forosnaiter ... o soillse líac logmar they are illumined LU 2121 ( FA 18 ). in nēll nemhdhai triasa bhfursanntar talam, Lism. L. 2459 . Common' in fig. use: fuach firinde forosna iltuatha hErend, ZCP iii 223.1 . for-don-osna ... an fisidh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 38 (poem). With tmesis: treiodhna, foruaisle osna purity which enlightens nobility Ériu xiii 18.9 = for uaisle osnai, O'D. 1215 ( H 2.15A, p. 84b ). Brings to light, makes manifest: secht mbeocaíndle ... forosnad gae cach rig (.i. amuil caínnil mbi fursandus no aillsiges a gae for ín cach ís rig), Laws iv 52.22 . Cf. secht fiadnaise forosnat gae cach rē seven witnesses which reveal the false in every field of battle v 310.1 . forosnái th'eicsi duit it ollam thy learning shows clearly for thee that thou art an ollave LL 186a23 ( RC xxvi 8 ) = forosna, Rawl. 107b29 . forosnaibter (.i. faillsigfiter), Rawl. 111b15 = LL 188c45 ( RC xxvi 44 ). forosnabtar gubretha la hanflaithe (.i. foillsighfither .i. ite taitnebaid ┐ bat aine), YBL 250a11 .

imbass forosna (a kind of divination, see Thurn. ZCP xix 163 ff .) Corm. Y 756 (forosnae). In fil imbass forósna lat LU 4527 (for -ó- here see Thurn. ZCP viii 81 ). fortnosna a imbus, RC xxv 348.7 (cf. for-osmen). asbert S. friss ... aní aridboí dia forciund ┐ arcáchain dó tria imbas forosnai LU 10348 = tria imbas forossndi, Anecd. v 28.12 . fort-nosnae a n-imus, H 3.18, 361b13 = Laws i 40.17 (see QML xiii 8 .).

(b) lights, kindles: fursain caindel a ben, LL 126b25 ( ZCP xii 273 ). fursainter caindeald dūn ... co fēgum in uisci, RC vi 175.43 . ro cuir refead lasamain fon coccladh ┐ ro fursainn í, CCath. 3333 . roḟursainset caindle, TTr.² 1839 . ni ḟoirṡenadh [leg. ḟoirsénadh ?] coinniol he would not light a candle Duan. F. 20.5 .

(c) shines: int aengein ... 'na tri haeiblib ra ursaing, ACL iii 244 § 13 : Aithd. D. 7. 35 = re tri faoiglibh do ḟursoinn, RIA 23 I 40 p. 145 .