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Your search returned 26 result(s).

airdaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdaigid or dil.ie/1797

 

v (cf. ar-utaing): roherdaig caisc is tír thair / feib roerdacht ic Solmain celebrated , Rawl. 79b28 .

airgais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airgais or dil.ie/2009

 

n usually glossed airguide, and perh. earlier vn. of ar-guid. See also under ? argais.

(a) ré notlaicc aird aurgaiss (ergnuiss, irguis, aurgais, erguis v.l.) / dogné init chorgaiss `thou shouldst make great prayer', Fél. Nov. 13 .i. airguide . . . no guide uasal, Fél.² clxvi . tan domm-í techt irguis / cid i caisc nó chorgus `when the great boon may come to me', Fél. Ep. 561 . Or subj. 2 s. of ar-guid (?).

(b) Explained in Laws Comm. as exchange of two articles of unequal value, but perh. rather some kind of gift or payment: comuin, ascada l[anam]nais, [ur]gais .i. [er]guidi u[a]is .i. immarcraid on eter [na da] set clamcloithi `Tausch', Cóic Con. 19 § 11 (= urgaiss, ZCP xix 170 ). is ed agur[thar fui]rre, cora ┐ cunnartha ┐ comain ┐ aisgid ┐ [urgais] ┐ dliged lanamnais, 20 § 13 . urgais .i. érguidi uais, dethbir bis itir in da set claochloda .i. set beg dib ┐ set mor, ┐ is les imdenam gurab ar cumain do-rat, da dheoin do-ber nech in tabairt ┐ nocha mbidh iarraid fuirre, ib. urgais .i. cach folad comtoirnigech dib uile, 51 § 106 . debhbir itir in cumain ┐ in aiscid ┐ in urgais ┐ in tabairt, 52 § 107 . ar id tri tidnacuil for setaib cinmotha coibche .i. rath ┐ aiscid ┐ aurgais (.i. claochmodha sét) . . . nach urgais nad-[ic]aitir co cend mbliadhna, is rat[h] iar mbliadhain co somaine iar sétaib, O'D. 2233 (Nero A vii, 156). Cf. urgais .i. claochlodh, ut est rath n-aiscid ┐ urguise nó erguidhi, O'Dav. 1617 . See also under 2 aiscid.

airichill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airichill or dil.ie/2085
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: erfoichell, aurfochill, uirchill, oirchill, uirichill, oirichill

vn. of ar-foichlea. Earlier erfoichell, aurfochill, etc., and in later lang. oirchill, q.v. uirchill oirchill f., IGT Decl. § 13 . uirichill, oirichill f., § 50. Verbs § 54 , § 65 . d’oirichil (: feithimh), Sages, Saints and Storytellers 35 § 6 .

(a) As vn. act of preparing for, providing for, making (oneself) ready for: berrthar cach . . . oc aurfochill (a.¤, v.l.) a c[h]osmatu isin chāisc in preparation for, Corm. Y 296 . oc erochill lathi brátha against the Day of Judgement, LU 2285 ( FA 34 ). coimétaid in cáisc . . . d'iarmoracht ┐ d'a.¤ cecha bliadna, LB 123a26 . ba hecen in tsochaide mór do a.¤ `it was needful to provide for the great multitude', Ériu iv 26 § 14 . oc a.¤ in chomraic, Alex. 724 . Note also: ni reilced ríam i n-eislind .i. do a.¤ maic ind ríg to guard the king's son, Ériu iv 24 § 11 ( LL 12471 ). Cf. airchill .i.e. coimhéad, O'R. Poems

(b)n preparation, provision, readiness , etc.: in n-erfoichell (.i-, facs.) gl. procurationem, Ml. 73d2 . cía ha.¤ tucad forru what preparation had been made for them, MU² 797 . secht m-bliadna nobidh airicill ar Feis na Temrach, IT iii 198 § 55 . Of preparation for battle: o roindlid airicill an catha amlaid sin, RC xii 82 § 83 . munab cumachtach sibh . . . ar urfoichill catha do cor co crib, Leb. Gab.(i) 254 n. 4 . do taet for cind P. ┐ dobert aurcill for sin conair i tanic P. laid an ambush, BB 428b34 . Appar. battle, attack etc. in: ba comnart in chombág ┐ ba h-ellam in n-a.¤ , LL 239b11 ( TTr. 1683 ). trísin a.¤ acgairb . . . darat cách díb ar a cheíle, 244a9 ( 2024 ). ba hemech in uraicill sin, Ériu viii 36.5 . Various: immad biid ┐ oirichille provisions, LB 116a31 . bur n-orchill air neamh `the hope (ἐλπίδα) laid up for you in heaven', Colossians i 5 .

Gramm.: fer a ainmniugud . . . ar fear a airicheall `defensive' case, Auraic. 1518 . Meaning not clear in terms a.¤ (airchell v.l.) calaid, a.¤ fuit, see Auraic. Index (airchell) and Thurn., ZCP xvii 293 .

(c) In phrases with prepp. do a.¤ ┐ do airitin for in coblach Persecda to be ready to attack, Alex. 329 . d'oirchill ar C. do marbhadh, Keat. ii 3125 . Note also: dreimire óir do bheith ina ecclais do airicill na nanmand naemh trit docum nimhe `awaiting the holy souls', BNnÉ 21.6 . d'a.¤ lae an Luanbhrátha, Dán Dé xxiv 1 . slabraid . . . ra ha.¤ chengail for the purpose of binding, MU² 814 . do (= da) dilluit lais, a lunae cach dia araile in[a?] airicill in readiness for him, Laws ii 146.9 . dogensa fled . . . i n-accil ┐ i n-a.¤ Conchobuir, CRR 14 § 9 . dirmada . . . na marcach T. robai i n-airchill sluaig . . . annsin, BB 490b14 . faguim a ffuil róm don lethtaoibh si 'na n-orcill I leave the following halfpage blank for them, CS 124 n.2 . d'amhsoibh ro bhattar in urfhaichill coccaidh do ghaoidhealaibh, AFM vi 2000.7 . for a comdha ┐ ina urfhoichill, Leb. Gab.(i) 226.9 . a noirchill secht mbliadan na gorta, Gen. xli 36 . tiaghaitt aisin co Sliabh B. ┐ rogabhad (sic) fir Locha hErne na n-urfoichill on the look-out for them (i.e. prepared for their attack), ZCP xiv 259.13 . i n-urfhaichill for a chele `in readiness for each other', AFM vi 2212.7 . mogenar bias 'na aircill who will be expecting him(?) (`in his keeping', Stokes), Lism. L. 1839 .

airtach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airtach or dil.ie/2415

 

Forms: t-erddach

o, n. Later m. in t-erddach, PH 6371 . Vn. of ar-utaing.

(a) act of refreshing, restoring: is irtach dom a airitiu gl. refice viscera mea, Wb. 32a23 . a n-ertach .i. ind usci, Ml. 121b7 . ertaig gl. reficiendi, 118c7 . denaid a herdach `feed her', PH 1998 . irdach .i. frithailemh, O'Curry 1469 ( H 3.18, p. 652 ). ? Of mensal lands: quem agrum dabitis senioribus uestris? responderunt: `erthech', Cod. Sal. 274 (cited Plummer MS. notes, see V. SS. Hib. cxiii n. 11 ).

(b) act of celebrating; festival, ceremony: dul do erdduch na n-idpart, SR 4600 . lúgnasad . . . .i. aurtach no cluiche Loga . . . nofertha lais um thaide fogamair, Corm. 26.4 . urtach sollomain, Laws iii 18.17 .i. caisc no notlaic, 24 Comm. in fírén huasal . . . día ta a.¤ i n-ecmong na réa se, Trip.² 2022 . fēili Rīg na fīrinne . . . a n-ertach is cet, ZCP xiii 28.10 . irdac na casg, n.24 . dligid in sollamain-si a hanoir ┐ a herdach, PH 3598 . tri herdaige dlegar do denum i sollamnaib, 6370 . co mbadh usaide a erdach ┐ a onóir, AFM ii 1084.16 . ba erdath ┐ ba lith mor la colum Cille ann dogres `a great festivity and merrymaking', Mon. Tall. 156.7 (§ 68) . erdach na Samhna, Hugh Roe 298.z (fo. 78b) . aurtag . . . .i. fēle, O'Mulc. 60 . eardach .i. fésda nó sollamain, O'Cl.

cáisc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáisc or dil.ie/7958

 

x see Cásc.

Cásc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Cásc or dil.ie/8309

 

Forms: cásca, cáisc, cáisc, cāisc

pn g s. cásca (Lat. pascha). `Like Lat. pascha treated partly as neut. pl., partly as fem. sg.', GOI 570 . n s. later also cáisc . cáisc f., IGT Decl. § 97 (acht a réim ag anamuin innte, v.l.).

Pasch, Easter, paschal feast : ínnaudbirt .i. in cáisc gl. phase (a s.), Thes. ii 26.40 . cāisc quasi paisc a pasca .i. ōn c[h]áisc, Corm. Y 266 . Of Jewish or O.T. Pasch : coimétaid in cáisc do rithálim `keep the service . . . of the Passover', Celtica iv 38.557 . cáisc na fetarlaicce . . . cáisc inda nufhiadnaise, PH 5173 . o chelebrad na Casc tosige in Rámessi, 5419 . Of paschal lamb: co ro-thormala in cháisc .i. in n-uan cáscdai, PH 5080 . Of N.T. Pasch or Easter : i caisc nó chorgus, Fél. Ep. 562 . isind chaisc, Mon. Tall. 132.16 . cen choirm fo chaisc, Vita Br. 23 . inbuith na Casc, 23 . in Casc do ceilebra[d], Trip.² 430 . iar ttichtain . . . na cásccae, BNnÉ 61 § 83 . Attrib. gen. errid c.¤ `Easter raiment', Leb. Cert.² 2075 . ro ben in tenid chascae, Trip.² 436 . bairgen casc no notlac, Laws i 106.27 Comm. a thech Casca do thuitim (house connected with a church in which king resided at Easter, see note), AU ii 110.9 . teit . . . do churp na c.¤ arabarach receives Easter communion. LB 10a5 .

In phrases. Of Easter Day: as-reracht . . . / dia Cascc Easter Sunday , Blathm. 177 . i llaithiu na casg, 214 . Domhnach Cāscc ` Easterday ', RSClára 9a . caisc mōr ` Easter ', Ériu i 44.10 . itir da Caisc no itir da Nodlaicc i.e. Easter and Low Sunday, Laws v 258.16 . ata .vii. laa eter di Cháisc, Vita Br. 27 . So also: o Chaisc Móir co Min-Cháisc, 23 . no ceilébrad in Cáisc móir, ┐ . . . in minCáisc, Trip.² 1174 . ar maduin Chásg Easter morning, IGT Decl. ex. 1775 . día luáin cāsca mōire Easter Monday , BColm. 26.w . dia Sathairn .i. oidhche chásga, Ériu i 92 § 42 . co satarn c.¤ , LU 2771 . dia haoine cáscca Good Friday , Cog. 210.10 . mar thug láimh fá chreich na Cásg harrowing of hell , IGT Decl. ex. 1001 . breith creiche na Cásga, DDána 14.14 .

Extended applications: Feis Temrach arin Samhuin, ar ba hiside caisc na ngenti, IT iii 198.24 . LU 4211 . nach dernadh . . . caisc na festa is mo na in la aniugh (of Ascension Day), Smaointe B. Chr. 5987 . ? creach na bhféadhbh is cáisc a gclainne (of death of a benefactor), Ó Bruad. ii 190.12 . dligim caiscc go comhramach / ó gach táoisech Easter dues , Misc. Hag. Hib. 114.5 .

celebraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. celebraid or dil.ie/8552

 

Forms: celebrad

v (Lat. celebrare. Preponderance of cel- over ceil- perh. due to Lat. infl.).

(a) celebrates, holds (a religious ceremony, etc.): asrubart Dia friu som aracelebartis asollumnu, Ml. 102d3 . celebair féil T., Fél. Nov. 17 . is i medon aidche ro celebhradh caisc , Ériu ii 140 § 144 . gach aon ceileabhrus 'na fhód, BNnÉ 263 § 224 . Of canonical hours: celebraid cech aontrātha, ZCP vii 310 § 3 . celeberthair medōn lāi, Ériu i 44.24 . Of Mass: ceileabram, ZCP viii 231 § 1 . Note also: go cceileabhradáois an dara Comhairle ghenerālta, Parrth. Anma 3734 .

(b) Of birds sings, warbles: an t-ēn ceileabhrus do chach / uadh sloinnfidher é co bráth (viz. Flann mac Lonáin), ZCP viii 109.20 .

(c) bids farewell, takes one's leave, parts : arocelebrus gl. ualefaciens, Wb. 14d31 . lase celebirsimme gl. cum uale- fecissemus, Thes. i 498.7 (Ardm.). acebras (leg. celebras) gl. benedicens, 725 . is and celebrait mnā na nDēise say good-bye (to their country), Ériu iii 136.23 . c.¤ cách co toirsi máir, ZCP viii 310.28 . Usually with prep. DO: ro celébrai dóib, Trip.² 2317 (for form see GOI 420 ). a Lugaid celebor dam off you go, LU 6014 = celebair, TBC-I¹ 1546 . Cf. c.¤ lōeg L. departs, RC iii 178.27 . noceilebraitis na clerig dona laechaib, Anecd. i 43.18 . gur cheileabhair . . . don rígh, Keat. ii 1515 .

Vn. celebrad.

dedlaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dedlaid or dil.ie/15001

 

Forms: dedlaid, deadlaidh, dedlaigh, nosdedlai, nosdedland, deadhlann, ndeglum, corodeglat, deglaidis, dedel, dedél, dedelum, degheolum, rodeghlais, rodedail, -deghail, rodeadhail, rodeghail, rodeadhailsead, rodedlaithseat, rodeighlisiod, deghladar, deadhaltar, deglaiter, rodedlad, dodedhladh, corodeglad, deglad, dedhailti, dedlai, dedlad, dedail, dedél

v -i-, denominative of dedail.—ACT. pr. ind. 3 sg. dedlaid, Laws iv 284. 2 f.b. ; 286. 2 . ; v 360. 4 . deadlaidh H 2.15A, 14 b . dedlaigh, BB 452 b 40 . nosdedlai (: co ndremnai) SR 8348 . — nosdedland, LL 135 a 43 . deadhlann P. O'C. from Keat.—subj. 1 pl. go ndeglum , ACL iii 240 st 43 . 3 pl. corodeglat, ZCP vii 269 § 8 . —imperf. 3 pl. deglaidis (mod. deighlidís), Éigse Suadh 99 .—e-fut. 1 sg. ní dedel (i.e. dedél) BB 270 b 1 (deidél, Lec.). 1 pl. ná dedelum (i.e. -élum), CCath. 1703 (v.l. degheolum). s-pret. 2 sg. rodeghlais, ZCP iv 384. 34 . 3 sg. rodedail, LU 47 a 39 . LL 33 b 10 (ca. 1000). 257 b 20 . CCath. 2053 (v.l. -deghail). rodeadhail, BB 36 b 48 . rodeghail, Acall. 3451 . 3 pl. rodeadhailsead, Dinds. § 79 (v.l. rodedlaithseat). rodeighlisiod, TFrag. 192. 11 .— cor deghladar , RC xviii 193. 7 ( Tig. A.D. 1162 ), depon. ending added to the stem of present. PASS. pr. deadhaltar, P. O'C. deglaiter , BB 309 a 35 . pret. 3 sg. rodedlad, LL 160 b 32 . 191 b 24 . BB 359 a 25 . CCath. 3259 . YBL 338 a 28 (-dh). dodedhladh, AFM v 1582. 9 . corodeglad LB 191 b 27 . nír deglad , 238 c b 11 .—pc. pl. dedhailti, CCath. 5276 . —VN. dedail, q.v. RHYMES : dedlai : dremnai (d s.) SR 8348 . dedlad : sedlad, LL 191 b 27 . dedail : debaid, ib. 257 b 20 . : meraig, LL 211 b 39 . dedél (fut). : chél (fut. ) BB 270 b 1 .

I Trans.

(a) disjoins, severs, parts, separates (from : fri, Mid.-Ir. ri, la). Glossed by deiligid, H 2.15A, p. 14 b , and frequently joined to this (as also to scáilid). deadhlaim I separate, divorce, sever, part, put asunder P. O'C. deadhaltar is parted, ib. — nosdedland Sruth Danai aniar, LL 135 a 43 . nosdedlai, SR 8348 . dascáiled...dodedladh ┐ dodeliceadh in buiden sin re chéli, YBL 338 a 28 . rodedlad rafucsat slóigh, Rawl. 79 b 25 . rodedlad de, 163 a 6 . dind gili druing dedlaid graig, 147 b 48 . tuc in clérech in cend frisin médi. anndar lat nír deglad riam iat, LB 238 cb 11 . rolaad isin roth coro deglad a ṅdeich renda a chorp, ib. 191 b 27 ( PH 1212 ). doḟás gairbhe san ngaoith...┐ dodedhladh ré roile an long ┐ an tarthrach, AFM v 1582. 9 . rodedlad friu lucht tuscairnte na comairli ┐ rodíchennait, CCath. 3259 . Teamair is Ériu ... rodosdeadhail drong dáinech BB 36 b 48 . deglaiter, ib. 309 a 35 . noco rosdedhail bás, ib. 2053 . deadhlann an bás an duine ┐ a ṁaitheas saoghalta, TSh. 17. 3 (v.l. from P. O'C. s.v.). Nathfraech icar deghlad na deighḟir from whom the nobles branched off Caithr. CC 31 § 50 . — Parts from, saves from : Temair breg baile na fian : rosdedail Dia ra domiad, LL 33 b 10 = Ériu iv 92. 1 . rocurad rosedlad sé : rodedlad ra doenmige, LL 160 b 32 . 191 b 24 . BB 359 a 25 .

(b) diminishes, lessens , opp. tuillid `increases' : nofríth i saltair Dé déin : sech ní tuilliub ní dedel : ó init co cáisc ní chél : a Caisil robái Benén, BB 270 b 1 . Leb. Cert. 60. 2 .

II Intr. parts, separates : dobertsa mo bréithir ná dedhelum (v.l. degheolum) don chur sa, CCath. 1703 . ón ló rodeghlais frim, ZCP iv 384. 34 . ón lo rodeghail rinde co ham na húaire seo, Acall. 3451 (v.l. dodealuigh, BLism. 181 a 1 ). rosdedail fri Isaac, Rawl. 73 a 26 . co rodeglat immale, ZCP vii 269 § 8 . rodeadailseat oc Beluch Dá Liag, Dinds. § 79 . dorónsad comrádh tairisi ┐ rodeighlisiod iartain, TFrag. 192. 11 . cor deghladar cen tṡíth cen cath RC xviii 193. 7 .— orba dúthrachta dedlaid fri fine, Laws iv 284. 2 f.b. ; 286. 2 . fuidir dedlaid fri fine, ib. v 360. 14 . co cenglum ár corp sin chath: go ndeglum re port pecthach, ACL iii 240 st 43 ( Hy Maine 122 b ). gurob ann deaghluidh re Tír Fiachrach i naimsir ṁarbhtha Tailtigh, Hy Fiach. 126. 11 . cuin dodheaghail risin mbruidh, BB 40 b 46 .— ABS. ropo chrúaid leo far ṅdebaid: rodedail gleo i nuarcollaib, LL 257 b 20 . — IDIOM. gid ed sin chena dedlaigh ar comáin ort grates persolvere dignas non opis est nostrae ( Aeneid i 600 ) BB 452 b 40 . Aen. 354 .

MOD. deighlim: do deighil se he divided GJ xvi 183 . Deighlim in the sense of Eng. `deal' (of cards) seems a loan from English: deighilmís...do dhein sé na cártaidhe ┐ do dheighil an crobaltach iad, GJ xvii 34. 23 . Cf. mod. deighleáil, déaláil in the same sense.

1 díden

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 díden or dil.ie/16215

 

Forms: didine, diden, dia háine

n ā, f. end (= déiden-?). The form dídine in dia óine d.¤ seems to be g s. of déiden-, 1 díden (di-ḟedan) vn. of do-feid (cf. airdíden). See Liad. and Cuir. pp. 22 , 23 .

(a) g s. in óin didine end fast, i.e. Friday (opp. to cétóin): dia óine didine (gl. die ante sabbatum), Ml. 113c1 . dia haoine dídine, Mon. Tall. § 27 (187) . dia háine d.¤ , ZCP viii 206 . dia na haoine d.¤ , BS 32 . cech áine d.¤ (didin, v.l.), Cáin Ad. 25 . i fescor áin d.¤ , PH 3726 . oidhche aoine d.¤ ria Cáisc , AFM ii 852 .

(b) In Mid. Ir. in such phrases as dia áine didine the word was understood as gs. of an adj., hence n s. óin diden : oen diden, YBL 125b24 . oen diden dochuas inti (isind airc), Rawl. 70a31 . mad cétáin nó áin d.¤ , LB 10b3 . i n-óin dídin, PH 1439 . isan áin didin, Lec. 533a9 , 27 . isin oen diden tarmthecht Adaim, Rawl. 70a32 . for ain diden, LB 9b47 . for aoin didin, AFM 1125 .

Obs. during Mid. Ir. period, being gradually replaced by dia háine; see Thurneysen, Zeitschr. für deutsche Wortforschung, i 190 .

dligthech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dligthech or dil.ie/17039

 

adj o,ā (dliged). Used in O.Ir. glosses in sense accordant with reason or rule (Lat. rationabilis): chech irnigde dongneid . . . bed dlichtech gl. rationabile sit obsequium vestrum, Wb. 5c20 . is dligthigiu a cumscugud quam a feidligud more in accordance with rule, gl. rationabilius (in Lat. context ratione is oppd. to errore), Sg. 22b12 .

Hence

(a) regular, accordant with rule, right, lawful, law-abiding (see Críth G. p. 84 ): do ais lanamnassa dligthig to folk lawfully married, Thes. ii 255.11 . cétmuinter d.¤ , Críth G. 347 . doa macc d.¤ , 482 . batur in lanamhain sin i coibligi dlighthig, Lat. Lives 101 . ben dligetech a lawful wife, O'Gr. Cat. 81.15 (legal) (cf. dligedach). cen baithus nd.¤ , Ériu i 218 . brethemnus dligthach, PH 826 . cuir dligth[e]cha . . . cuir indligthecha lawful contracts, Laws i 52 n. 1 . ní d.¤ don aigne cin fis na n-earnuile so aige it is not lawful for the advocate not to know, ii 52 Comm. a ré dligt[h]igh in a lawful (regular) battlefield, iv 52 Comm. Tadg da dēnter dān bard nd.¤ (ndleteach, MS.: minchreach), ZCP viii 225 . aes in dāna dlighthig, Auraic. 2184 . dáil dlíghtheach Dé, Hy Fiach. 316 . is foe rogabsat muinter Ia in caisc ndligthig, Fél. 136 . i n-aghaidh a rígh dhligthigh féin, O'Gr. Cat. 583 . dedhe da cech cenel anmann indlighthech . . . do breith isin airc . . . ┐ treidhe d'anmandaibh dlighteacha unlawful (i.e. forbidden, unclean) animals . . . lawful (clean) animals, Leb. Gab.(i) 8 . ní nar dhlightheach do dhéanamh, Gen. xxxiv 7 . is urusa a aithne . . . nar dhlightheach anfhlaith do ghairm de, Keat. iii 4143 . dá creidi co díles dligtech, SG 19 . Thomas de Quino . . . deadhmaisdir canonta eirdersgnugad (leg. -tha?) an creidme co dlithech , Lib. Flav. i 37 ra 4 . Dim. (in poetry): as mé Suibhne . . . | nochan é mh'ainm dlightheachán, BS 80 . Compar. neach ba dlightacha dia gabail who could more lawfully distrain, Laws ii 50 Comm. dligtighe cath ina comruc a battle is more lawful (regular) than a fight, iii 300 . amhuil is dligthechu cumangatar in as close accordance with legal regulations as they can, 172 .

(b) rational, endowed with reason: ni ainm fuasnada doine . . . acht is ainm fuasnada nephdligthich ech (explaining irrationabiles motus), Ml. 16b12 . do spirut a hanmma dligthige, PH 4611 . do na beoaib ┐ do na dligtechaib (oppd. to: na marb-duile cen dliged cen tuicsi), 3368 . nā malartaid bar n-anmanda dligtheacha (= animas vestras rationabiles), ZCP xii 368 . don brig aicenta o tuirmedh ainim cach réd dligthigh every rational creature (?), Laws i 36 Comm. (in a passage where dlighed is equated with Lat. ratio).

(c) Of persons reasonable, just, righteous: nod-geilsigfe Crist eter dligthichu, ACC § 89 ( RC xx 268 ). masa sinde as ecorach . . . it Bragmanda a n-oenar atatt dligtecha isin doman the Brahmans are the only righteous people (the only people in the right?), Anecd. v 5 = adat dáine dligtechu, Alex. 922 . duine d.¤ dúr, ACL iii 307 §25 .

1 for

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 for or dil.ie/23272
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: for, far, bar, fuir, AR, FOR, AR, forsa, fora, fara, forsin[d], forsa, forsna, farsin, barsin, barsan, forin[d], forna, fornaib, forsn, forin, forna, formu, form, fort, fort, bard, fora, forar, forar, f., forar, f., form, fórm, formsa, fórmsa, forom, foromm, forumsa, foromsa, forum, ḟorum, orum, orum, orumsa, formm, ormm, fort, ort, fortsu, foir, fair, ḟair, foirsom, foirsem, fairseom, fairsem, foir, for, foir, fair, ḟair, ḟairside, faride, forrae, furri, ḟurthi, uirre, fuiri, furi, fuiri, furri, fuirri, fora, forra, fuirri, fuirre, uirre, fornn, fornd, ornn, fornni, forunni, forni, forund, forond, foirn, foirnn, foirnd, oirn, oirnd, foraindi, foraind, forainde, oraind, orainne, forn, forinn, orainde, foirib, forib, fuirib, furib, fuiribsi, furibsi, foraib, foraibh, foraibse, foirb, foirbsi, oraib, forru, forrusom, forro, forra, orru, forthu, fortho, forta, forib, foraib, forib, foraib, forroib, forru, forthu, foraib, for, ar, fair, air, AR, FOR, orat, orad, airiut, erut, AR, AR, f.

prep. with acc. and dat. See Thurn., Gr., and Fraser, ZCP viii 34 ff . Lenition of the obj. occurs once in the Glosses: for chenn, Ml. 44d29 , possibly a scribal error. Even in the modern period non-lenition is regular in some expressions after AR representing FOR, cf. the alliterations: feall ar filidh IGT, 24 P 8, 190.5 ; nā bí ar filidh go fortuil ib. (= Studies 1924, 245 ).

Forms: for (in Mid. Ir. MSS usually denoted by f surmounted by horizontal stroke) Glosses, pass. and later; occasionally far: Wb. 5b3 . Ml. 82d10 . Sg. 90b1 , 2 . Thes. ii 39.28 , 29 . TBC-LL¹ 3782 . LL 176a7 ( CRR 34 ), LL 268b20 ( MU² 860 ). bar, LL 265a39 ( MU² 452 ). TBC-LL¹ 2820 . 3613 , etc. fuir, Thes. ii 39.22 .

In later MSS. gradually replaced by AR. This appears occasionally in LU, more frequently in LL. In Maund. FOR still appears though AR is commoner.

With rel. part. forsa n-, fora n-: fara n-: forsa taith, Wb. 20b6 . forsa robae, Ml. 82d10 . forsa n-airisedar, Sg. 139b1 . forsmbeth, SR 1364 . forstā, 1839 . forsnaicci, Imr. Brain § 38 . forsmbí, § 43 . forsmbīd, Metr. Dinds. ii 42.2 . fora sernte Wb. 18c8 . fora taibre, 29a23 . fora n-idparar, 5b6 . fora mboí, Tur. 60 . fora ṁbi, Thes. ii 41.27 . forá mbí ib. 17 . fora mbiat, LU 2639 . fora taí, SR 3096 . farsa n-immér TBC-LL¹ 5961 . barsa mbatar, 3738 . fara mbí, Thes. ii 40.32 .

See Strachan, ZCP iv 63 ; 488 - 9 .

With article: forsin[d], forsa (n-), forsna, etc., Wb. 1d2 , 9d5 , 32d2 ; Ml. 22c12 , 46c3 , 48a21 , 84d4 ; Sg. 8a13 , 207a6 ; LU pass. farsin, Trip.² 1948 , barsin, TBC-LL¹ 4553 . barsan 3387 . Without -s-: forin[d], Ml. 60b14 , 94b11 , 120d7 . forna Ml. 51d19 . 69a11 . 138a6 . fornaib, Wb. 5a5 . Ml. 27d22 . See Strachan l.c.

Rarely with elision in sg., as in: forsn uscisin, SR 4632 .

In Mid. Ir. MSS. maintenance of -s- is the rule, though it is occasionally dropped by some scribes, e.g. forin, PH 3594 . forna, LU 2552 (H). CCath. 2574 . Marco P. 64 .

With poss. pron. 1 s. formu naimtea, Ml. 86c10 . for mo namtea, 88a8 . for mu mud, Thes. ii 294 . for mo menmuin ZCP x 338 ( Laud 615, 104 ). for mo thir ┐ for mo thalam YBL 113b47 (= form ... form, LL 270b46 . for mo chuit ..., Rawl. 134a4 ). form ḟuil, SR 1542 . form thigerna, 3188 . form laim ┐ form gail, LL 121a12 . See KZ xlviii 55 . 2 s. fort athair, Trip.² 1759 (= fort ha., Trip. 150 ). fort cheniul, Trip.² 1760 . bard, TBC-LL¹ 3230 . 3 s. and pl. fora. 1 pl. forar ndail, SR 3633 forar morsluag, 3974 . (cf. fer ruc breith for fis ... | for ndís bámar i cumriuch, SR 3286 , where f. is possibly a contraction of forar). 2 pl. f.¤ far naimtib, TTr.² 1775 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. form, Wb. 8d26 . Ml. 2a6 . 59a18 . 104d2 . SR 1584 . fórm, LU 5669 . formsa, LL 224a28 ( TTr. 513 ). fórmsa, LU 4507 . forom, SR 1404 . foromm, TBC-LL¹ 3752 . forumsa, Ml. 44b29 . 89a2 . TBC-LL¹ 3750 . LL 234a34 ( TTr. 1278 ). foromsa, LL 223by ( TTr. 488 ). forum, Acall. 3357 . ḟorum, LL 234a13 ( TTr. 1261 = orum, BB 426a47 ). orum, Acall. 304c . 6994 . orumsa, 7696 . formm, LB 8a52 . ormm, LB 246b55 ( PH 7807 ).

2 s. fort, Wb. 6a14 . 28d9 . SR 6258 . LU 4789 . 6252 . ort LU 6097 . fortsu, Ml. 113d11 . LU 6593 .

3 s., m. n., acc. foir, Wb. 4d15 . 28b30 . Tur. 85 . 110c0 . Ml. 2a6 . 41a5 . 53a19 . 54c16 . Sg. 209b12 . fair, Wb. 7c4 . LU 6299 . LL 227b30 ( TTr. 777 ). ḟair, LL 220b ( TTr. 262 ). PH. CCath. pass. foirsom, Wb. 8c1 . foirsem, Sg. 209b12 . fairseom, LU 6239 . fairsem, CCath. 1803 .

dat. foir, Wb. 6d6 . 10b9 . Tur. 123 . for (older form, GOI 275 ) LL 49b19 ( Hail Brigit § 4 ). YBL 12a10 (cf. foir Ériu ii 55 § 3 = i 138 where rime with tol is required). fair LU 2051. 7554 . LL 98a34 . 99a40 . Acall. 89 . ḟair, LL 224b5 ( TTr. 533 ). ḟairside, LL 235b13 ( TTr. 375 ). cf. faride TBC-LL¹ 5173 .

cf. acc. forrae, Tur. 79 . furri, Acall. 6437 . furri, LL 224b39 ( TTr. 556 ). ḟurthi, LL 230a41 ( TTr. 968 ). uirre, Acall. 1253 .

dat. fuiri, Wb. 3d34 . Sg. 4b9 . Ml. 95b6 . furi, 45c9 . 118d6 . fuiri sidi, Sg. 199a5 . furri, LU 3918. 4512 . 7993 . LL 218a32 ; 221b19 ( TTr. 90 ; 323 ). LL 66a39 . LB 7a40 . fuirri, LU 4517 , SR 3108 . Marco P. 10 . fora (v.l. forra, fuirri), Imr. Brain § 3 . fuirre, Marco P. 12 . uirre, CCath. 1947 .

1 pl. fornn, Wb. 2a13 . 8d18 . 30b2 . Ml. 46b26 . 119d6 . fornd LU 3254 . 5220 . 6780 . 9244 . ornn, PH 6865 . fornni, Wb. 14b15 . Ml. 77c6 . 88a4 . 90d17 . forunni, 111c13 . forni, LU 1674. 8554 . forund, TBC-LL¹ 2974 . forond, LU 8620 . foirn, TBC-LL¹ 617 . PH 2060 . 7848 . foirnn, 1502 . foirnd, CCath. 648 . oirn, PH 6863 . oirnd, 8063 . CCath. 652 . foraindi, TBC-I¹ 3578 . LB 162a62 . foraind, Acall. 4867. 6165 . forainde, LB 34b56 . 162a53 . oraind, Acall. 2996 . CCath. 1679 . orainne (v.l. forn. forinn) 1659 . orainde, Acall. 5074. 7655 .

2 pl. foirib, Wb. 14c40 . 21d5 . Ml. 46a14 . forib, Wb. 6a17 ( ZCP xvii 223 ), 27c11 . fuirib, 14d17 . 20b2 . furib, Ml. 115b8 . fuiribsi, Wb. 7a4 . furibsi, 18a18 . foraib, Trip.² 1589 . LU 7233. 7755 . LL 239a15 . CCath. 3569 . foraibh, 610 . foraibse, TTr.² 119 . foirb, SR 5534 . Trip.² 1651 . foirbsi, SR 3116 . oraib, Acall. 7539 , YBL 376b42 ( Aithd. D. p. 158 ).

3 pl. acc. forru, Wb. 1d3 . 10c5 . 28c3 . Ml. 53d13 . 73b17 . 127b6 . LU 4784 . 5309 . LL 66b10 . 241b88 ( TTr. 1859 ). CCath. 3738 (Fr.). ḟorru, LL 223d27 ; 242b2 ( TTr. 438 ; 1908 ). forrusom, Wb. 9c10 . forro, LU 5796 (M). 5836 (H). Acall. 5317 . 7117 . CCath. 1237 (S) (in dat. meaning Acall. 2458 . 3501 . 3745 . LL 223b21 ). forra, CCath. 1640 (H). 3754 (Fr.). fortha, CCath. 3599 (Fr.). orra, CCath. 1237 . 1488 . orru, Acall. 3299 . forthu, SR 3942 . fortho, LU 2556 (H). fortha, CCath. 3599 (Fr.). fortu, forta, 1488 (v.l.).

dat. forib, Wb. 4d2 . 29b20 . foraib, Ml. 121a5 .

dat. for acc. forib, Wb. 28c4 . foraib, 4c35 . Ml. 49b6 . 54a4 . 54b30 . 90a25 . 118d19 . forroib, LU .5608 .

Cf. fortus.

In Mid.Ir. MSS forru (forro, forthu, etc.) and foraib are often found without distinction of case. In the Laud-Lismore text of Acall. pretonic for is very rare; it is regularly replaced by ar. But with suff. pron. 3 s. m. n. fair is predominant; there are very few instances of air. In the other pronominal forms those with and without f- seem to share the field equally.

In classical verse the pretonic form is AR, but the pronominal forms are regularly those of FOR without f. an exception is orat, orad (beside ort). Cf. O. Ir. airiut, erut from AR. See 24 P 8 (McKenna, Tracts).

Synopsis of meanings:

I Of local relations:

(a) on, upon , expressing both contact and relative position ( over, above ) also of mere external contact or position.

(b) of approximate position juxtaposition. on, at, by .

(c) in sense upheld, supported by; being worn or carried by .

(d) after verbs of placing, hoisting, over, up .

(e) of things attached to or forming part of the body, etc.

(f) in, amongst; forming a portion of .

(g) with acc. after verb or verbal noun implying motion on, over, to, towards .

II Of quasi-local relations, and in abstract and fig. expressions:

(a) of form, appearance, hue, etc.

(b) of arrangement, state, process; division, classification, naming .

(c) of point of time; coincidence of occurrence .

(d) on (of that by which something is evident, known, recognized, etc.).

(e) with words expressing quality, talent, success, etc. , indicating the possessor of these.

(f) over, of rule, sway, superior might .

(g) upon, in addition to; in succession to, after .

(h) on i.e. affecting, afflicting (of emotions, physical or mental states or conditions).

(i) governing object of blessing, cursing, punishing, etc.

(j) (existing) on, by means of (a food, diet); relying on; depending on .

(k) with abstr. or verbal noun, also with adj. in (a state or condition).

(l) at (an occupation or task).

(m) to express the dativus incommodi, the person adversely affected by the action.

(n) expressing constraint, compulsion: ata f.¤ is incumbent on; owing from (see 1 fíach).

(o) expressing worth, value .

(p) phrases.

(q) after adj.

III In verbal construction.

IV Replacing AR.

I Of local relations: on, upon , expressing both contact and relative position ( over, above ); also of mere external contact or position.

(a) on, over, above: buith f.¤ ochtrach, Ml. 129c2 . a mbís f.¤ altoir ind idil, Wb. 10a6 . ind altóir fora n-idparar, 5b6 . cen chaille f.¤ a ciunn (gl. non uelato capite) Wb. 11c9 . den chamull fora mbói, Tur. 60 . Conall ... forsin Deirg mounted on LL 122a34 . bretha ind óic ... f.¤ fúataib immach were carried out on biers LU 1595 . contuletsom f.¤ a ndergodaib 1829 . suidfid ... f.¤ a chathair, 2319 . luid ... co raba f.¤ a úaitni, 1723 . is fota a chubat f.¤ lár his measurement is long (when he is stretched) on the ground 1605 . fochartatar grith imme co mbátar f.¤ lár in tige, 7560 ( BDD 109 ). See also s.v. lár. Often = in: co mboí f.¤ medon ind lis, LU 1608 . cach óen creitfes ... f.¤ nim ní bá tróg, LU 9495 . cid f.¤ tír cid f.¤ usci cid f.¤ fidchill cotrisam whether it be on land or on water we contend, or over a chessboard 1674 . dia ḟagbáil i fid no i fidbaid, f.¤ tír no usci, LL 220ax ( TTr. 237 = ar muir na ar tir, BB 414a37 ). co forcongrad lais ... | na beth f.¤ crích n Israhél, SR 6216 (cf. atat cinedhaigh ar an fásach sin dianad ainm B., Maund. 49 ). co ra churet cath forsinn [ḟ]aithchi sin co torsed fuil formna fer furri, LL 221b18 ( TTr. 323 ). Cf. coro airet ... lá n-air ar inn [ḟ]aigthisea, LL 221b15 ( TTr. 320 = ... isin f.¤ , BB 415a23 ). atchiu fer ... for sin maig, LU 4564 . cid fó cid for ... beme whether we be above or beneath YBL 12a10 . in fú talam no f.¤ talam?, Trip.² 1118 . iarna bádhadh forsan abhainn `after she had been drowned in the river' Cóir Anm. 255 . ind uisci f.¤ ind nim anúas (gl. super caelum) Ml. 120d7 . domarfás and ... mothur ... ḟairside anúas, LL 235b14 ( TTr. 1375 ). cíid f.¤ in mac weeps over the child ZCP viii 311.14 . ro chí f.¤ a muime, Trip.² 115 . No chanta ór fírindi fair used to be chanted over him BDD 11 . banchuiri f.¤ colaind Fraích, LU 5236 . a fuini f.¤ grís to bake it on the embers SR 3903 . a scéith f.¤ a cennaib dia sáerad, LU 5888 . f.¤ bith, f.¤ domun, f.¤ talmain, freq. in sense above ground, anywhere on earth, in existence: in dia as dech f.¤ bith buan, SR 3973 . in t-én as luaithiu luamain f.¤ bith, LU 2477 (cf. ní boí isin bith ..., 3377 ). cenco beind acht óenlá f.¤ domun alive 5060 . ni raibi forsin domun ingen bid chaime ..., YBL 189b3 ( RC xxiv 198 ). (cf. ni fuil ní ar doman ina esbaid acht fín, Maund. 159 . ni fuighbither ... ar bith ná ar doman, CCath. 262 ). cech mil beo baí f.¤ talmain, SR 1930 . See also s.v. fot, 2 fúait, 2 ed.

Of wounds, bruises, etc. cned f.¤ corp, Laws ii 156.20 . facbait .l. cned fairseom, LU 4967 . co lín crechta f.¤ a chnis 4547 .

(b) Of approximate position, juxtaposition, on, at, by: ... file cuimrecha formsa, Wb. 23a5 . ata árchú lemsa ..., tri slabrada fair, LU 5001 . buithe f.¤ dese Dé on God's right hand Ml. 128a3 . ani f.¤ laim deis `that on the right hand' [side] Thes. ii 255.8 . Fergus ... f.¤ láim Ailello isin phupull ... M. f.¤ a láim aili do Alill, LU 4619 . Cf. O. ar a láim clí, ┐ M. f.¤ a láimsein, ┐ E. ara láimhsein, Acall. 2256 . (but: bachla f.¤ láim, SR 3915 corresponds to tenentes baculos in manibus Exodus xii 11 . See lám). dún ..., dorus umaide fair, LU 1793 . batar ... da dorus forsin uaim, PH 6316 . dorus ... as nesu ille is fair ro sudiged M., LU 2084 . ra sudigit ... secht ṅdorais furri, LL 227a ( TTr. 737 ). conéracht Glaiss C. fríu ... féotár fuirri (.i. f.¤ a bru), LU 5363 . cath f.¤ brú Derguist, 224 . f.¤ brú puirt G., LL 219b marg. inf. ( TTr. 142 ). f.¤ a mbeulu (gl. prone cadentium) Ml. 131b6 . form dreich sea facing me LU 3892 (see 1 drech). dofessid f.¤ gualaind C. seated himself beside C. 8076 (but in 5293 , 5294 , 5295 the literal meaning `on the shoulder' is probably intended). See 1 gúala. sléchtaid ... f.¤ díb traigthib ind noeb, Ériu ii 204.9 . Cf. is ar bordaibh cuirid iat they put them (sitting) at tables Maund. 39 . fon domun f.¤ cech leth (gl. longe lateque) Ml. 53b9 . tho ḟolt scailti ... f.¤ cach n-óenleth, SR 1602 . biait ar mná ... f.¤ bróntib at the querns (i.e. grinding corn, cf. II l) LU 5610 . nírb áelid dóib ar buí in slúag forro for cech leth, LU 1441 .

Cf. the fig. expressions: f.¤ belib (gl. in caritate non ficta) Wb. 15a37 . f.¤ bréthir (oppd. to in corde) 15d5 . indí forsa n-airisedar in gním (gl. in quem fit actus) Sg. 139b1 . is mithig forchenn fair, Ml. 118b6 .

Of pregnancy: in tan robtar lán a n-noí mís f.¤ Cormac when she had carried C. for nine months ZCP viii 310.31 . Cf. ba torrach f.¤ C. ib. 29 . See torrach. Possibly this use belongs rather to II.

(c) Freq. in sense upheld, supported by, also being worn (esp. of weapons, ornaments; IMM is regularly used of clothes) or carried by: Crist co crunn a cruche foir fesin (i.e. carrying it) Tur. 123 . acht robed arma Dae foirib, Wb. 22d15 . gaibid armma Dae foirib, 22d11 . día mbeth gaisced foraib if they carried arms LU 7296 ( BDD 94 ). fotalsceith foraib, LU 4491 . sciath f.¤ a chliu, LL 241b34 ( TTr. 1856 ). scíath ... f.¤ a muin, LU 10664 . claideb f.¤ a ṡliastaib, 9269 . claideb ...f.¤ a chris, 6561 . dulend f.¤ a bruinnib, 9267 . ticfat da dam ... ┐ tabraidsi in carpat foraib (= harness them to it) 3124 . ro inled a carpatt forna echu, Trip.² 2852 . ro loisc ... in cherdcha forro `set fire to the forge in which they were' (cf. II (m)) RC xxiv 194 ( YBL 188b ). f.¤ óenchoiss (standing) on one leg LU 6983 . atchiat insi ... f.¤ óenchois on a single pillar LU 1936 (cf. II j, 2).

(d) after vb. of placing, hoisting, over, up: focress a phupall f.¤ Ailill, LU 4618 . Claitir in fert fair, ZCP viii 560.33 . tuargabsat T. idnaid catha forru, LL 225a37 ( TTr. 552 ). toccbaid for mergedha foraibh, CCath. 610 . ro toccbait a fainbreiti siuil forta, 2870 . ra tocbait a eoin gaithi ... ḟurri `its vanes were uplifted' (of a ship) TTr. 140 ( LL 219a8 ). (fig.) tuárgabad fornn aire fochide, Wb. 14b22 .

Cf. la turcbail a mátan fair, LU 6560 , where the prep. evidently refers to the performer of the action. Similarly: tócbaid in derba fair ┐ dobeir bulli in [sic] cend na mná 4357 .

(e) Of things attached to, or forming part of a body, etc., as, parts of weapons; hair, limbs; leaves of trees, etc.: manais f.¤ crúnd midsing, LU 4491 . folt buidi furri 4512 . mong ... fair, 10795 . in folt ... ro asair furri 4231 . tri cruindberrtha foraib, 7139 . ni lugu bís finn fo a dernaind oldās fuirri anúas (of a hare), Bodl. Corm. s.v. pattu. a chend féin f.¤ ind ir út, LU 460 . cēt muinēl furri ┐ cét cend f.¤ cach muineol, 2430 . cét bass ... cét n-ingen f.¤ cach oenbaiss, 888 . .l. torc ... co cruib eich foraib = having the hooves of a horse Ériu xii 176.9 ( TE III 9 ). rethi co n-olaind ordai fair, LL 218a36 ( TTr. 93 ). lia nat luibi f.¤ maigaib, SR 935 . nach crann fors mbeth duilirath, 1364 . ásfaid ind oland forsnaib cairib, LL 291b26 ( RC xiii 462 . Cf. olann ... mar bis ar caerchaib ..., Maund. 181 ). di lus bís forsnaib caircib, Tur. 115 . lir ... fér f.¤ faichthi, LU 7233 ( BDD 89 ). lir ... dulli f.¤ fidbaid, LL 120b33 . Cf. dorigni cúach cera da gnúis ┐ da agid fair, LU 6453 . brisfed mo chend formsa, 5275 . co mmebaid a chend fair, 5300 where the prep. apparently imparts precision or emphasis, but cf. II (m). co tarla a di bond bána fair (= he became a corpse) LU 1497 ( MU² 987 ). a mbuind banai forra iarna trascrad RC xii 90 (see 1 bonn). Cf. techtaid delba ... fair, LU 2701 , cited II (a) below.

(f) In, amongst; forming a part of, mixed with: Colman diata Clann Colmáin f.¤ Feraib Li (i.e. belonging to F.L.) ZCP viii 293.31 (= a quo Cl.C. hi F.L., Rawl. 140a18 ). Mail D. a quo sil M.D. f.¤ Huib Echdach, Rawl. 140a21 = ZCP viii 294.4 . bátar Cristaidi forna cathaib sin diblínaib in both those battalions Marco P. 64 .

(g) With acc. After verb or vn. implying motion on, to, towards: intí do thuit foir, Wb. 4d15 . for a mbeulu (gl. prone cadentium) Ml. 131b6 . dosfuit f.¤ lar, SR 1719 . techt f.¤ nem, Wb. 15c22 . lotair f.¤ muir, LU 1697 . amal no théigtis suas forin drochet, 1794 . dofutitis écne ... anúas f.¤ talmain, 1916 . berthair uaimse f.¤ altóir A., 1932 . ro díbairgsi certli forsin luiṅg, LL 221b46 ( TTr. 344 ). ní cían ro saig mu suil forsa muir not far doth mine eye reach over the sea Trip.² 1312 (114) . na taít f.¤ culu, Wb. 25c14 . in grían do thecht ... f.¤ culu, Ml. 61a13 (see cúl). cingid ... di cach biur f.¤ araili, LU 5733 . téit ara chend forsin taulaig, 5759 . saidsíus f.¤ medón na glassi, 4797 . timachtatár taris ... la crand f.¤ scíathu by (beating) shafts against shields 5828 . do theged fian ... do seilg fairsium, 6138 . benaim beimend ... f.¤ slóg, 6171 . Cf. nicon tetarraid béim ... fair, 5977 . ní lamar fuligud forrosom, 4960 . Also fig.: léim ... dind tinchosc ... f.¤ aisndiis di thuiste dúile, Wb. 5c16 . ni tāinig cride neich fair no one had pity on him RC xxiv 48 (see do-icc).

In late MSS. the dat. pl. is common here: guro tuitseat f.¤ fanglenntaibh na tiri, CCath. 866 .

Across, by way of: nachab ticfed for rí ... do imthecht foirib a doirsea, Ml. 46a14 . f.¤ sligi M. dochoidsi, LU 5788 . issed dollotar ... .i. f.¤ Muicc C. ... f.¤ Crond, hi Cualngi across Muicc C. ... across Crond, into Cualnge 4593 - 4608 . tiat A. ... f.¤ Midlúachrae. ragmaine ┐ F. f.¤ Bernas nU., 5396 . comergit ... ara ammus, araill dib f.¤ less, araill f.¤ doras liss 5017 . fócoislé f.¤ forlés in tige, 10910 (cf. con-acca in n-én forsin forléss a ddochum, BDD 7 ). co tánic a inchind f.¤ a chlúasa, LU 5286 . co ndeochaid f.¤ a béolo sair, 6026 . docoised ferchend fora beolu, 5919 . maidid a loim fola f.¤ a beolu LL 273az .

See also under the verbs of motion referred to in III below, and such words as leth, 1 lorg, 1 selg, slicht, etc.

In follg. ex. the meaning is not clear: ro túaslaicthe f.¤ aicned na ndūl dia ndernta, LU 2518 (`according to the nature' Stokes, RC xxv 237 ). Cf. ro tuaislaiced fo aicned na ndula `was resolved into the original nature of the elements' PH 6980 .

II Of quasi-local relations, and in abstract and fig. expressions:

(a) of form, appearance, hue, flavour: delb a bais som form, Wb. 24a8 . delb anmandae foraib, Ml. 130a3 . ecosc n-abstal forib, Wb. 24a25 . condarbastar gné fírinne fuiri Ml. 95b6 (cf. delb domárfas fair, LU 4576 ). atá comarde fuirib, Wb. 21a5 . (Cf. the lit.: bíth comardae f.¤ a mbudin LU 5540 ). techtaid delba ┐ gnei écsamla fair, LU 2701 , cf. I (e), end. is follus ... gné mbróin fairseom, 2279 . datha na flesc ... hed nobid forsna huanaib, SR 2964 . na treoit ┐ dath óir f.¤ a n-alaind, LL 218a45 ( TTr. 99 ). sruth ... co rath somailse foir, Ml. 89d3 . bieid rath somailse f.¤ a belru 89c15 . secip blas bá mellach ... fogebed fair, LU 1788 . tintud Septin ... is he fil forna psalmaib (= the psalms are translated from the Septuagint version) Hib. Min. 10.334 .

(b) of arrangement, state, process; division, classification; naming: inna imthanad .i. fele [ = file] forsnaib ráthib, Ml. 93c7 . ataat .uii. ngne forsin chombug `the confraction is of seven kinds' Thes. ii 254.7 . oengles foraib huile, SR 92 . ataat deora erndaili forsin canoin, Hib. Min. 3.63 . atat cetri gnuse forsin canoin ib. 78 . cis lir rann fil f.¤ crū? Ériu i 214.12 . atat tri altai leusom f.¤ ind gabail (of singing the Canticles), Mon. Tall. § 33 (= atad dá mhodh ara n-abairthear íad, Rule of Tallaght 102 ). cia ord bias forru, LU 2575 . is diall femin file fair it is of the feminine declension Sg. 93b2 . doralsat óenclár catha foraib dia tobairt, LU 1478 ( MU² 955 ; `formed themselves into a solid phalanx' SGS v 30 ). daringsetar comraind slúaig forru, LL 224b30 ( TTr. 550 ). ni rabi cumsanad forsin chathugud sin ... the fighting did not cease LL 242a3 ( TTr. 1873 ). conach bui nach tairisimh f.¤ a n-urcoraib occo, CCath. 5660 . ro tṡeindestar C. a timpan ┐ tuc nuallorgan sidhe fuirri, Acall. 4620 . ro dercsat na moli ... for fogluasacht, ┐ ni facadar seoladh no iomramh fortó they saw the ... masses in movement yet they did not see them being sailed or rowed CCath. 2655 . Of names: nipa far n-ainmsi bias forib, Wb. 4d2 . da n-ainm fuirri, ZCP viii 106 § 5 . roboí ... oc iarraid a anma do bith forsin cnuc, LU 3150 . combad de sin nobeth Almu furri 3145 . Mane f.¤ cach fir díb ┐ forainm f.¤ cach Mani, 6847 . a ainm do bith forsin luing ┐ f.¤ a fairind, LL 219a30 ( TTr. 158 ). atá Dún tri liacc d'ainm fair, Acall. 1178 . See also s.v. for-tá.

(c) Of point of time; coincidence of occurrence: fēli ... do curither for dardain no mairt, Rule of Céli D. 9 ( LB 9b ). do toscelad aiss aesci far caisc `to ascertain the moon's age on Easter' Thes. ii 39.24 ; 27 . cid lae sechtmaine fora mbí Kl. Ian., Thes. ii 41.17 . calainn Enair for dardaín, ZCP viii 111.6 . Ann. Conn. 1226 , etc. Kl. enair for Domnuch ┐ xuiii furri New Year's day on a Sunday and the 18th of the moon on it [lit. her, calann, f.] Ann. Inisf. 43c (1206) = ALC i 234 . in la forsmbi bisex, Fél. 78.11 . ind naob asa feil bís for ind láo, Mon. Tall. § 8 (= sa feil do biodh ar an la sin, Rule of Tallaght 42 ). for cach ló every day CCath. 358 .

(d) on (of that by which something is evident, known, recognized, etc.): rēil f.¤ a mbrēthir ōn a n-andach imme ro[r]daisset `is clear from their word' Ml. 90d16 . is reil fornn ... condrancamar fria morolcc, SR 1347 . follus f.¤ th'erlabra fén do pheccad, PH 5169 . ni ro airigsium fort ... .i. f.¤ do gnímrad ... ailcius dula dochúm nime ocut, 8213 . is follus f.¤ suidhichthibh na Roma conad docra ... congbail in cadusa ina fogbail in ratha, CCath. 803 . Cf. ba follus a n-anádh [sic leg.] fein f.¤ na Romanchaib the ill-luck of the Romans was manifest 810 (cf. e). Cf. ba mor in galur di, dael oca diul ... ni fitir nech sin furri, Fél. 44.1 (possibly = she showed no sign of it, though also it might = no one knew she was so afflicted). Cf. also: ni fitir nech dib f.¤ araile a n-imchossait do B., LU 8251 . Cf. (m) last cit., and see 1 ráthaigid.

(e) With words expressing quality, talent, success, etc. indicating the possessor of these: is foraib bíaid búaid in tslóig, LU 4631 (`it is to their credit the victory of the hosts will be' Faraday, Cattleraid of C.). ní fair bías a nós nách a allud nach a irdarcus acht is fortso, LU 6376 (cf. is oraibsi bias a nós ┐ a allud ┐ a urdarcus, Acall. 3575 Fr; R). itát tri búada formsa .i. búaid roisc, etc. I have three talents, i.e. the talent of sight, etc. LU 4791 . rath fortsu ... ina lōg sin, 3114 . bátár teóra búada aradnachta forin n-araid in lá sin, 6407 (cf. buaid lamaig ort!, Acall. 4809 ). ba ferr leo a mudhughudh innas a somain f.¤ a naimdib `they preferred to destroy them than to benefit their enemies there with' CCath. 2484 . Cf. ni fil do chonāch formsa in fer sin im fiednaisi, 3576 (testem hunc fortuna negavit Luc. Phars. vi 159 ).

(f) over (of rule, sway; superior might): a cumacte f.¤ a mogaib, Wb. 27c16 . mu chumachtae forna doini, Ml. 56b2 . bit flathi f.¤ cāch, 85b2 . a cumachta f.¤ dúlib, LL 218b6 ( TTr. 106 ). doratsat rīgi ... | do Dauid ... | f.¤ túathaib, SR 6620 . i n-aimsir Cinaeda ... f.¤ Albain, 2350 . Temair ... cen rechtgi ríg furri, LU 3440 . mairg forsa mbía do thigernu demon, 2225 . ro gab tra nert Saxan f.¤ Bretnu ... ┐ rogab O. rige forru, 277 . bui rí amra f.¤ Érinn, BDD 1 . bai rí f.¤ Ultaib, YBL 114b6 . co raghbhaitis oénrig forru, TTr.² 1339 . (cf. rí ar gach tír, Maund. 243 . Eogan mac M. ... ar tsil nA., 6 . Magidoin ... is uirri sin da bí Alaxander na ríg 21 ). tussu ... do giallud forni, LU 1674 . ropada[t] trēn f.¤ ōcaib, 6720 . ni fríth fornert nacha fini foraib cosindiu `never until to-day did any tribe oppress you' TTr. 1645 ( LL 239a13 ).

(g) upon, in addition to (see do-formaig): fair anuas in addition to it Cáin Ad. 25 . cach ae f.¤ alaill (gl. cumularentur) Ml. 96b4 . cumal f.¤ a secht eight cumals Laws iv 330.8 ( Críth G. 464 ). óen f.¤ trí secht twenty-two Metr. Dinds. iii 98 . sé scripuil f.¤ unga an ounce and six scruples Cáin Ad. 44 . mis f.¤ bliadain a year and a month ACL iii 3.9 . ro marbhadh fer f.¤ a deich diobh, BNnÉ 107 § 25 . fer f.¤ leth Connacht `more than half the C.' Cóir Anm. 251 (cf. treab ar leth Alpan, IT ii2 123.32 . duine ar leith fer nErenn, SG 20.36 ). tercda arro tuilled da forsin focul cert where `da' has been added to the right word LU 462 ( ACC 2 Comm. ). dobeir Dia traig cacha bliadna f.¤ a lethet adds a foot to its width LU 1843 . ind forcraid fil f.¤ aicniud what exceeds nature 2559 . a nduesta día aīs som co ndigsed f.¤ áes a maicc, Trip.² 1268 . Cf. da beind f.¤ tri fichtib rend, LU 1271 (`Two antlers with three score points' Imr. Brain ii 297 ).

forib nó sech na huili predicta (gl. super omnia autem haec) Colloss. iii 14 ) Wb. 27b20 .

From this use arises the sense in succession to, after , the development is plain in the earlier exx. quoted below: du fuairthed ní leu f.¤ a sāith din main = some of the manna used to remain over when they had had their fill Ml. 97d10 . a canar ... for sen `what is chanted ... thereafter' Thes. ii 253.14 (Stowe Miss.). loim f.¤ sāith, LU 3610 ( SCC 30 ). cleirech ... lasmbí ní f.¤ a leortu who has more than suffices him Ériu vii 156 § 10 . doformagar a dligid ... forsanní doruirmisem over and above what we have enumerated Ériu i 220 § 15 . in biat forsa canar immon Muiri `the Beati after which the Hymn to Mary is sung' Mon. Tall. § 30 (corresp. to: don bhiaid le n-abradh I.M., Rule of Tallaght 90 ). ind bi[a]t forsa ndene ind crosfigild `the Beati after which he performs the cross-vigil' ib. (corresp. to: le ndeunamh an chr., Rule of Tallaght 90 ). canair magnificat furri ib. (= Cantar M. uirre, Rule of Tallaght 90 ). cétbliada[i]n f.¤ bisex ... bliada[i]n tanaiste f.¤ bisex the first year following leap-year ... the second year ... RC xviii 296 - 300 . cf. it bliadni fuir bissext, Thes. ii 39.22 (cf. Ann. Inisf. 1101 ). ind ráithe dothét foir .i. samrad ZCP viii 175z . forsind ochtmugait bliadnae són `over the eighty years' (gl. supra uotum uiuendi) Ml. 111b22 .

In the follg. exx. we have a slightly different development of meaning; in addition to, along with: oc ool usci ... do dig forsna glasluibib, SR 1894 = ... fér in talman do chaithem ... ┐ usce do dhig fair, LB 113a26 (cf. superbibere). Cf. further: o duillib in crainn sin d'ól ar uisque , Maund. 160 .

(h)

(1) on, i.e., affecting, afflicting (of emotions, physical or mental states or conditions, joy, sorrow, fear, anxiety, sickness, pain, hunger, etc.; see also under words expressive of these): comadas lobre et immomon forsin mug, Wb. 8b1 . ni bi nach dethiden foir, 10b9 . ata dethiden fuiri cene, 3d34 . sním fora menmain, Ml. 89b7 . is e for snimsa fil formsa `it is care for you that I feel' CCath. 5148 . dond imniud roboí forsin popul, Ml. 103b9 . ni baí imneth foraib, LU 5832 . nicon robae ni form acht failte, Ml. 104d2 . biith galar ... fortsu, Wb. 29a26 (cf. mina roibh cosachtach air, Rosa Angl. 288.10 ). cia rodbatar tirbithi aili fornn, Wb. 14d13 . boí toirrsi f.¤ a muime, Trip.² 156 (cf. ni do thabirt toirse fuiribsi anísiu, Wb. 14a14 ). atā ēcen mōr fornd, LU 1562 . in machdad ... roboí forsnaib doirsib, Ml. 46a19 . in cóe ... boí f.¤ sluagaib I., SR 5806 . intí forsa mbeith ítu mór, Mon. Tall. § 48 (= damadh mor an ita do bhiadh ar neach, Rule of Tallaght § 98 ). bo geis don filidh anfis do beith fair, ACL iii 4.20 . Cf. i n-ítaid, i ngalur, etc. LU 2350 - 51 . cen ainbthini foraib (gl. fluctus ... in stationes suas rediunt) Ml. 121a5 .

With adjectives: arnap trom fuirib for n-oínur Wb. 14d17 . trummu foraib som imram ... quam techt ..., Ml. 126a4 . ní réid fort you do not find it easy LU 4789 (cf. ro étrummaigset doíri forna cenela, Ml. 113c8 ). ni ba mór forumsa sain, LL 234a34 ( TTr. 1278 = BB 426b42 ). ni mó formsa ... cid fiala a flaithe, ACL iii 296.38 . See also s.v. bec (beg). Some exx. with 1 esbaid, esbud may be mentioned here although in O.Ir. it takes 1 ar of person deprived : na raib form esbaid, SR 1584 . cen essbaid nacha maithiusa foraib, LU 2042 ( FA 12 ).

(2) of purpose, attention: scríbend menmman .i. robboí f.¤ a inndṡliucht som `it had been in his mind' Sg. 178b4 . in sét atá form aire on which I am intent Ériu vi 115 . Cf. nicon fil f.¤ menmain damsa sin, Ériu viii 156.22 .

(i) governing object of blessing, cursing, punishing, etc.: mallacht ... for a n-apaid, LU 2436 . mallacht fort beolu, LL 272b2 . dígal ... forru, Wb. 1d3 . conicc dígail forib, 6a17 . ni dechudsa cucuib ... do aidbiur foirib, Wb. 14c40 . bendacht Dé f.¤ Díchuin, Trip.² 387 . bendecht f.¤ Firu Cúle, 2157 . bennacht dé ┐ ande fort, LU 6852 . bai a mbennacht f.¤ Iosiaph, SR 3552 . ní ó gothaib ... dogénat ... in molad sa f.¤ Dia, LU 2676 .

(j)

(1) existing on, by means of (a food, diet): ros altatar f.¤ carnaib mac ṁbec reared her on Rawl. 132a5 ( Expuls. 8 ). adbert nad ebalta lee hē f.¤ lacht, BB 497a17 (= Dinds. 142 ). teora bliadnai f.¤ usciu ┐ bargin, Ériu vii 140.5 . secht mís ... f.¤ usce ┐ bargin, RC xv 489z ( ar usci ┐ b., 491.1 ). rosáeth linni do bithsiu f.¤ uisciu, LU 6051 . Cf. xl dies f.¤ doborfiit forty days on water-diet Thes. ii 38.29 (see PIT, and Thes., p. 67 ). roboi si f.¤ suidiu co cend mbliadna she was on that ration for a year Mon. Tall. § 60 . dā cēd bliadhain doib f.¤ iascc, f.¤ enlaith, Leb. Gab.(i) i 30 . conid furri [ = forsin chloich] buí sásad dó etir biadh ┐ digh (of a stone placed in his cheek), Cáin Ad. 12 . Cf. coro rosind mo ṡáith f.¤ t'acaldaimsiu, Mon. Tall. § 25 (= mo shaith cainnte d'fhaghail riotsa, Rule of Tallaght § 81 ).

(2) a similar use is relying on, depending on; sometimes = content with (some of the citations however seem to approach the meaning under k): do berar mac an righ ... f.¤ aoncois ┐ aonlaim ┐ aonshuil (i.e. having the use of these only, cf. the corresp. passage: Rex ... habebat filium qui erat c[a]ecus, claudus et surdus V. SS. Hib. ii 146 ) BNnÉ 185.14 . Cf. .ccc. fear f.¤ aencossaib ┐ f.¤ aenlamaib ┐ aensuilib, BB 372a45 ( Dinds. 41 ). See also I (c), end. cethri coicid E. form laim ┐ form gail ┐ form gaisced do aurscartad di Maig M. `on my hand and my valour and my weapons it rests to sweep the four-fifths of E. from M. M.' RC iii 179 ( LL 121a12 ). Ni horum ata, acht forma tuismidhtoraib (= it is not for me to decide), Stair Erc. 932 . mád día loga bemitni f.¤ a breith mani loga ... ni bemni forsind recht sin if he forgives we will abide by his judgment ... if he does not forgive we will not abide by that law LU 9753 . foemuis ... oirisium f.¤ dliged a sen, Marco P. 25 . on tsaeibhdliged fora taithe, 24 . bid inund comairle f.¤ a mbiat, LU 2639 . ni bar óenscéol atát na druid the druids do not agree LL 265a39 ( MU² 452 ), a airm f.¤ congbail ina laim grasped in his hand CCath. 3546 . conimragba f.¤ greis. ┐ dītin ... dom imdegail ar demnaib, YBL 327a16 ( Ir. Lit. 34 ), see 1 greis(s). See also commairge, fáes(s)am, etc. Here probably: bid maith a ana f.¤ cethru his wealth in cattle ZCP x 225 § 2 . dogegaind | anad sunn f.¤ bicc ḟeraind, Trip.², 1273 (= content with ?). Cf. also Corm. Y 211 cited supra, col. 192.3. appraind ná bása f.¤ mo nirt would I had been in my strength ! LU 6370 . Cf. in tan roboí Mac C. f.¤ a áltaib isind ármaig when Mac C. lay wounded on the field LU 7964 ( BDD 162 ). Cf. far diall tanaisiu of the second declension. Sg. 106b20 . is fuire side daroine O. in Félire in this (metre) O. composed the F. Fél. 4 .

The uses illustrated, respectively, in the two sections following are not always easy to distinguish. The principal difference is that (k) usually expresses passivity rather than activity. Some of the exx. there might possibly be assigned to (j), while in (l) action, purpose is implied. For later exx. see 1 AR, where the absence of lenition in these uses betrays the original prep.

(k) With abstr. or vn. , also with adj. in (a state, condition) : amal mbīs rothmol ... f.¤ bithimpud, SR 200 . f.¤ tuili doib they were in flood 2523 . sruth ... f.¤ teibirsin, Marco P. 5 . sornd tentide f.¤ lassad blazing LU 2101 . ina lócharnaib f.¤ lassad, 2055 (but : secht míle ... oc lassad 2057 ). aithinni f.¤ derglassad, CCath. 903 . co togrennitis ... inna heonu f.¤ luamain, LU 5159 . co mbui f.¤ foluamain imma chend, LL 225aw ( TTr. 600 ). batar na Desi f.¤ fainnel as cach inud na chéli, LU 4433 . f.¤ fainiul a lluc i lluc, 249 . foendul ┐ sechrán, PH 1909 . co rabatar lestra ... in tige f.¤ snám, Trip.² 114 . co rabhadur na botha ... f.¤ snam `floating' CCath. 2347 . o ro linad ind arc ... robaí in digal f.¤ imluad SR 2510 . a mbatár ... f.¤ imluad forsna tonnaib, LU 1864 . Rí ... ro horddaig in nUan iarsin tsleib f.¤ a imluad, SR 594 ( Rev. xiv 1 ). Cf. na bi f.¤ snim th'aislinge, SR 3282 (= na tab- hi snim, LB 115b46 ; nacatabrad imsnim, BB 238a24 ). f. Cf. f.¤ othrus, f.¤ folach, BCrólige 26 ff . f.¤ longais in exile Ml. 93d3 . cia bemni f.¤ longais, LU 4861 (= f.¤ loinges riam TBC-I¹ 371 ). cach oen fil f.¤ loinges ┐ teched, PH 460 . Cf. ba hé a lín f.¤ a longais, SR 6276 . boí f.¤ merogod, LU 1642 . rabaí f.¤ merfaill ┐ merugud ic iarraid a aite, LL 220a41 ( TTr. 233 ). bith deitsiu f.¤ merogod tige oiged, LU 6757 ( BDD 27 ). f.¤ aig thaig, SR 3477 . forsin reim sin, LL 232b ( TTr. 1239 ). f.¤ comrorcain in error PH 6602 . f.¤ fírinne in the right 2671 . is fír forstā Lucifur, SR 1839 (j ?). anmanda ... bis f.¤ cennsacht ┐ pettacht `tamed and petted' CCath. 2453 . conacca dá ech f.¤ sgur unharnessed ZCP viii 106.23 . roboí F. f.¤ altram la hAni, LL 165az (= Dinds. 142 ). boí leis f.¤ cui LU 10941 (see cáe, fecht). dind riuth forsa taith, Wb. 20b6 .

connfaca na tri leogain ... f.¤ dasacht ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 389 . sccuiridh don dasacht fora taithi the madness which possesses you BNnÉ 7 § 23 .

Cf. dā fercoin ... fur an dath cētna of the same color ZCP vi 29.18 (rosg ar dath gloine guirme, GF. DDána 234 . ar chruth ┐ ar dheilbh Dé, TSh. 1329 ). With adj. f.¤ cloen inclined Thes. ii 254.19 . ni bia lamnad f.¤ cōir normal delivery ZCP viii 111.25 .

After verb of motion : docoid O. ... dochum Poil f.¤ longis `had gone to Paul into exile' Wb. 31d19 . di[a] luid D. f.¤ longais, Ml. 55c1 . tiagat f.¤ teiched, 54b12 . ar foít f.¤ techtairechta, Wb. 15a15 . téit f.¤ teched, LU 4917 ( tíagait ar teched, 4965 , both in hand of M). tigc ceo ann ... ┐ do luid an ri f.¤ merugud, BColm. 70.28 . ria ndula doib f.¤ a fecht, SR 3505 (see fecht). In : téit ina ndíaid ... f.¤ echlascad, LU 6786 ( BDD 32 ) the meaning is almost `by dint of' (cf. j). Cf. tainic ina dhochum ... f.¤ a tuitmennaigh `came ... stumbling' CCath. 2199 . ni far maid rosnuicc `it has not brought them to good' Wb. 5b3 . ní thaudchaid a brú f.¤ cóir LU 6078 . ní téighedh béim ... f.¤ dimaín `no blow was delivered in vain' CCath. 2012 .

See 1 téit, do-tét.

(l) At, engaged in (an occupation or task) : cach la sel dún f.¤ imrádud Dé, in sel aile f.¤ precept, Wb. 15d9 . f.¤ foigdi 25b11 . basa f.¤ a imcabail I was avoiding him LU 1244 . ma beith nech f.¤ a iarair if any one be inquiring about it Rawl. 70a44 . cia f.¤ a tai iarair ? whom art thou seeking ? SR 3096 ( co ndechos f.¤ iarair Etaine, LU 10644 ). frisin coais f.¤a robae som, Ml. 64a12 . ... inna ndrochgnímae f.¤sa robae, Tur. 60 . buid f.¤ tectairecht hó Isu, Wb. 13b5 .

This construction is widely extended : mí dhóibh forsin fleighsin they spent a month at that feast Marco P. 88 . go rabhattar f.¤ a bproind at their meal BNnÉ 9.10 (cf. similar use of Engl. `over'). airet batar ... f.¤ a trealmaibh diubraicti `so long as the hosts were discharging their missiles' CCath. 5662 . a mbatar ... f.¤ a mbriathraib `as they were speaking' Ériu xii 182 § 14 (= LU 10895 ). ro uhatar tra for [sna] himdigluib sin cēn romarsat `they kept up these mutual retaliations' ACL iii 2.15 .

(m) To express the dativus incommodi, the person adversely affected by the action, = in despite of, to the detriment of. (Cf. the apparently similar use of AR in : ducer airi airitech ind ríg `he let fall the king's drinking cup' Lism. L. p. 324 = Irish Texts i 10 § 32 ). cf. atbath airund, LU 593 ( ACC 14 ): fó'n missi ro briss recht ... | foirb ? or was it I that broke the law to your hurt ? SR 5533 . arna bristé fír fer f.¤ Coin C., LU 6259 . conbocht fír fer fairseom, 6239 . gabais B. ... in n-insi sea forsna cenela robátar inti, LU 1343 . atraigsetar ... L. do gabail in tiri sin forro di cach leith, LU 4390 (see gaibid). dobersa ferand duib ... la Osraige ... ┐ is cet duibsiu a forsingud foraib, 4439 . iar togail Duin S. furri, 5823 . congair ... immá tech dia gabáil f.¤ Ulto, 1506 ( MU² 1003 ). Tancatar a námait ... do gabáil tige fair, RC xiii 86 ( LL 304a17 ). luidh A. ... do irghabhail a chathrach fair, Marco P. 7 . do choll etha na hindsi sea fair to injure him by blighting the corn Dinds. 18 ( BB 360a15 ). tarraidh Hectoir baegul f.¤ Achíl, LL 244a16 ( TTr. 2029 ; see báegul). co tairsedh cach dib a mídúthracht ... f.¤ araili, CCath. 255 (see tárrachtain).

In some instances it is difficult to distinguish this use from the local meaning (I c), e.g. ro línad fair in sliab di énlaithib = graues aues fuerunt erga illum Trip.² 1300 .

Cf. also: ní tae dám i tech fort, BDD 16 . is aurgart ... corr colpdai do brisiud fair hi tig, Ériu vi 136.85 is taken in this sense by the editor (fair `in his despite' 141n .), but cf. I (e) end. In : ro foilghiusa sin ... ┐ ní fitir nech form cusaniu, RC xxvi 366 (= ní fitir nech in folach sin cusandiu LB 260a20 ) this sense seems implicit, though at first sight the ex. might seem to belong to (d).

Cf. use with 1 do-fich (togal), do-gní, fellaid (fell).

(n) expressing obligation, constraint, compulsion (see 1 fíach; do-beir) : nech forsa tabar a denum `one who is compelled to do it' Ml. 54a2 . folach f.¤ fer nad fuic `where a man who injures not has to maintain' BCrólige § 15 . aithgin fuirre i mbās in case of death she is liable for restitution Laws v 146.6 Comm.

(o) expressing worth, value (late and rare.Cf. IV a) : dá cét punt f.¤ cach n-eoch, Marco P. 9 .

(p) for phrases such as : f.¤ aird, f.¤ cel, f.¤ cúl (cúlu) f.¤ enech (inchaib), f.¤ fáesam (comairce), f.¤ son, etc., see these nouns.

(q) after adj. gov. obj. of emotion, faculty (rare) : ni pu f.¤ seotu santach, Hy v 7 ( Thes. ii 328 ). nirbat santach forsin bith | nach f.¤ innem cloen, LB 261a8 (= imman mbith, YBL 407a17 ). isam eolach sa f.¤ a muintir, Aisl. Tond. 113.2 .

III With a number of verbs in regular syntactical construction or in special expressions. It indicates the indirect (in some cases the direct) object (pers. or thing) after verbs of asking, entreating, seeking; tempting; discussing, meditating; fighting, attacking, routing, defeating, overthrowing; blessing, cursing, censuring; suing; enjoining, commanding; estimating, judging, punishing; giving, bestowing; binding, pledging; putting, placing, throwing, etc., etc. For exx. of use see especially : ad-cobra, ad-cota, ad-eirrig, ad-fét (as-indet), ad-slig, ad-suidi, aithnid (ad-noí), beirid, bris(s)id, 1 ceisid, con-dïeig, dáilid, 2 do-alla, do-beir, 1 do-cain (díchetal), do-cuirethar, do-éccai (1 dercaid, fégaid), 1 do-ella, 1 do-fich (dígal), do-gní, do-icc, do-indnaig, do-léci, do-scé(u)lai, do-sluindi (diúltad), do-soí, do-tét, do-tuit, dúnaid, feccaid, feraid (ferthain), foaid, fo-ceird, fo-coisle(a), fo-dáli, fo-luigi (see II above), for-congair, fo-ruimi, fothraicid, fúabair, fóbair, gaibid, guidid, íadaid, íarmi-foich (íarar, íarair), imm-beir, léicid, liïd, lingid (léimm), maidid, midithir (1 mes(s)), moídid, nascid (ar-naisc, fo-naisc), 2 nertaid, roínid (sroínid), saidid, 1 saigid, soïd, sreid, 1 téit, 1 tráchtaid.

Cf. IV below.

IV In Mid. Ir. MSS. sometimes misused for O.Ir. AR, especially in verbal constructions (see III) :

(a) on account of, because of, for the sake of: foracsabairsi foromsa cach maith, LU 2397 (H). císsi lóg conattaig f.¤ a eladain, LL 219a27 ( TTr. 156 ). tabuirsiu f.¤ do soīre give [it] for the sake of thy freedom Anecd. iii 30 = ar do sh., Lism. L. 190 . ni accatarsom cinnas boí ... a huachtur túas f.¤ a hairde, LU 1927 . ni f.¤ crabud léce do miltnidecht uait, acht ar omun in catha, LB 59b62 ( RC ii 388 ). in fath forar crochad Isu, PH 2877 . Cf. na huile noebnoidenu ro damatar marttra forut [ = erut] YBL 327a2 ( Ir. Lit. 34 ). combad f.¤ Martain dogneth Dia in mírbuil for M.'s sake LB 60a4 ( RC ii 388 ). dia n[d]erntasu formsa if you would do as I tell you TBC-LL¹ 1802 . ni dearnnsad fair they did not obey him Dinds. 79 (= BB 390a39 ). ni dernai E. ḟurri anisein, LL 222a6 ( TTr. 351 ). dorónadh fairsium sin, CCath. 2896 . See do-gní. ro oentuigset in ní sin f.¤ Chaillin according to C.'s advice Fen. 178.7 . ic attach in Choimded ... f.¤ animmib na ndoine on behalf of PH 6393 . ro guid M. in Coimdid forru, LB 61a5 ( RC ii 398y ).

(b) Freq. with indirect obj. of verbs of concealing, delivering, rescuing (e.g. ceilid, do-essuirg, fo-luigi, saeraid, q.v.). In : gan nert cobharta forra fein incapable of helping themselves BNnÉ 5 § 11 , FOR replaces FRI, or direct acc. (= gen. after vn.). (But cf. use of f.¤ with fortacht, and AR with the late formation foirid, fóirid) : cid ara n-anci in laech ḟorrum, LL 284a13 ( TTr. 1261 ).

(c) in some phrases : f.¤ bélaib (= ar b.) SR 4568 . f.¤ a n-inchaib, CCath. 2407.3633 . f.¤ cend, LU 5954 , 5958 (H). f.¤ cind, 5890 (H). f.¤ tús, LB 61a5 ( RC ii 396x ). FA 3 LB (= ar thús, LU 1967 ). Cf. f.¤ dus (v.l. f.¤ tus), CCath. 303 . See also under these nouns.

V ? Adverbial use of 3 s. neut.: na for aircella echdrund n-aircend 'nor in addition does it take away the definite property of another' Peritia iii 446 (Text II) .

? fuireba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? fuireba or dil.ie/24872

 

Forms: fuineaba

v 3 s. subj. pres. or fut. ? nech adfet scela de | don fhlaith ara ḟ.¤ | cuic lathi erraig iar caisc | cuic bliadna re ndui[n]eba, LB 242by ( MS. Mat. 633 which has : fuineaba, translated `when the Lord shall bring all this to pass' p. 427 ). fut. prototonic of fo-fera ?

genti

Cite this: eDIL s.v. genti or dil.ie/25690

 

n (< Lat. gentes) i, m. pl. and see gent.

(a) In Glosses used in Jewish sense of Gentiles : geinti hiressich `faithful Gentiles,' Wb. 4c40 . am forcitlid geinte, 29d26 . de Iudéib do Barnaip, di geintib do Thit, 18d6 . etir Iudeo et genti, Ml. 35a19 . Wb. 19a10 . voc. a geinti hireschu, 3a13 .

(b) In older lit. in general heathens, pagans : ō dēibh no ainmnighdis geinti a llaithe, Corm. Y 419 = genti, LB. fes Temra cecha samna. ar bá híside caisc na ngente, LU 4211 . in conflicht rolasad na geinti and fri Pátraic, Laws i 2.12 Comm. genti bidbaid guilty pagans, Fél. Prol. 175 . g pl. na ngente, ib. 61 , 205 . do thochuiredh gentiu a n-iris, Hib. Min. 324 . na gente chennaigit ... delba hídal, PH 4583 . crand gíuis noadratís na gente, RC ii 394 § 25 . do gentib Gréc, Metr. Dinds. iv 152.75 . fri hindarbud plag ┐ genti ... dib, RC xii 422 § 3 . ar galar, ar geinntib, ZCP x 346 § 6 . faid guach in t-Issa ... ol na geinti, Marco P. § 8 . Isaiah lx 3.

(c) the heathen Norsemen (common in Annals) : amal dundgniat geinti dinaib brataib bertae hodie as do the heathens of the spoils that they carry off today, Ml. 63c18 . loscadh Rechrainne o geinntibh, AU i 274.z (an. 794) , Cath for Gennti, i 332.z (an. 833) . loscadh Mungairit ┐ alanaile cheall Irmumen o gentibh, i 336.1 (an. 834) . ticfait genti dar muir mall, Cog. 225.9 . Ériu vi 122 § 9 . gennti .i. cenél na pagán, ii 196.4 . coscradh Dunaidh L. ... la Geintibh, AFM i 440.10 . na bhflaitheas ní tharla dhí | plágha gorta náid geinnti, Content. v § 65 . dub-g.¤ (lit. black-haired heathens) Danes ; finn-g.¤ (lit. fair-haired heathens) Norwegians : tancadar Duibgenti da-narda ... ocus dabadar ic diucur na Findgenti a hErind, Cog. 18.18 . is díobh ghairthear Duibhgheinnte ... agus Finngheinnte, Keat. iii 2456 - 7 .

íarmóracht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íarmóracht or dil.ie/27033

 

Forms: īarmōracht, iarmhorechta, iarmhoireacht

n ā, f. vn. of íarmi-fórat. n s. in īarmōracht (sic leg.), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . g s. iarmhorechta, O'Curry 289 (< H 3.18, p. 159 ).

(a)

(i) pursuit, search; act of pursuing or seeking: a dhidin ar lucht a iarmhorechta, O'Curry 289 (< H 3.18, p. 159 ). i n-í.¤ na n-én arnách elaitís, LU 5733. leicc damhsa imtecht ... gan íarmhóracht uait, BNnÉ i 207 § 57. is and tanic Medb isin i.¤ , ZCP i 105.14 . Caoilte ┐ tosach na féine dom iarmhōiracht, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1218. ag a iarmoirecht `in pursuit of him,' MR 262.7 . iarmoracht cruid pursuit of cattle, Laws i 266.21 . ocus gu tug maidhm ... ó na h-allmarachaib sin ar a haird-rig gan a hi.¤ , Hy Maine 134.18 . dot iaraigh-si ┐ dot iarmoracht tresan cath, CF 854. tuc iarmoracht ara chlaidem fen ┐ mar fuair é `searched for,' RC xix 46 § 60. rotchúala-sa ... ind ingen rod[a]láa immach oco í.¤ , TBFr. 333. Goill Connacht do chur dom dhruim | nó a n-iarmhoireacht ní fhéadaim, DDána 82 § 35.

(ii) act of pursuing with intent to rescue or retrieve: tiagair o Ailill ┐ o Medb do í.¤ a mmuntiri, LU 5880. atát lim trénfir dodigenat m'íarmoracht, 10259 . ni rolamair Mac Coissi iarmoracht no innsaighidh a cruidh forra, Anecd. ii 42.9 . roghluaiseadar rompa ... a n-i.¤ an tṡagairt, Ériu v 92.11 . ag i.¤ a n-athar, AFM v 1686.16 . lotar Lagin do iarmoracht a mbraiti to retrieve the booty taken from them, RC viii 52.z .

(iii) Metaph. Of following a branch of learning: mac ro bui a[g] iarmoracht a dhana, O'Curry 172 (< H 3.18, p. 96 ). Of observing (a feast): coimétaid in cáisc ... d'iarmoracht ocus d'airichill cecha bliadna, LB 123a25 .

(b)

(i) inquiry, act of inquiring: cid no taí do í.¤ indí sin asking about , LU 1679. iarmhoireacht `inquiry,' Eg. Gl. 402. tar éis móide íarmhoireacht do dhénamh `after vows to make enquiry,' Proverbs xx 25.

(ii) (subject of) inquiry: eól dam ... Benn Foibni ... a hainm is a hiarmoracht `its name and its lore,' Metr. Dinds. iv 86.4 .

(c) In concrete sense:

(i) a pursuing party: donarraid in īarmōracht Ulad (sic leg.) ina diaid, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . cona tarraidh iarmóirecht, AFM ii 698.4 .

(ii) something sought: as deimhin lem ... go bhfuil an iarmoracht úd an chleirigh agad `that thou hast what the cleric is seeking,' Ériu v 98.9 .

(d) prosecution, suit: eisiumh do shaoradh on accra ┐ on i.¤ do bái fair, BNnÉ i 239.3 . an fhuinn fhuair gan iarmhóracht (: chródhacht), Top. Poems² 1596.

(e) `the rear'?: tucad na galgada ┐ in gillannraid i niarmoracht na nog `in the rear of the youths,' Ériu viii 42.5 .

lárac

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lárac or dil.ie/29581

 

Forms: láarg, loarc, lorac, larac, ládairg, loarc, laarg

n ā, f. also láarg, loarc lorac, larac, ládairg. For discussion of forms see O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 123 - 24 , who regards loarc, laarg as the earlier forms. IGT Decl. § 57 . Upper part of leg, thigh, hip (`fork, thigh', O'Rahilly).

(a) Of animals haunch: lón lairci lecht miled (meaning uncertain), Dinds. 42 ; hence lon lairge .i. lon no leis ┐ lá-arg, O'Cl. rochuir a láraic de co Port Large (of Findbennach), TBC-LL¹ 6194 . tuc leis co Ath Mór 'mo anait (moraid v.l., leg. márait?) / a lón ┐ a láraic, Metr. Dinds. iii 372.80 . cnam larach is leas corach, BB 257b14 . ar mbuain na carr do largaib na nech, O'Curry 737 ( H 3.18, 353a ). Regarded as noble and choice portion at a feast: larac do rig ┐ espoc ┐ sui, Laws i 48.12 . dorecmaic a tēchta do chāch ass .i. laarg (larac v.l.) do righ ┐ d'ḟilidh., IT iii 188.7 . láarg .i. . . . leo ball ┐ arg loech. leo ball no áige no cuibrend do dhaglaech indsin, Corm. 26 ( Corm. Y 804 ). dobér do ḟilid ollomun / ┐ do airig ard / loarg maith mín, LL 3732 = larac, YBL 419b9 . briuga ┐ aire desa . . . / dobér doib . . . / loarg, LL 3737 = larac, YBL 419b10 . ollam filed loarg doib, LL 29a15 . láraig (laarc v.l.) ┐ lón-chrochit (the portion of kings, poets, sages, and yeomen), Metr. Dinds. i 24.156 . bíid loracc cona timthucc ┐ chilórnd cormma ara chiunn ar cach Cáisc , Trip.² 1385 . ag fudáilfide la ríg Laigin . . . indala loracc don rig, alaili do ríg Óa nErcán, 2211 . atracht espoc dib . . . ┐ as ed dorala ana laim cnaim na lairge [th]air, Lism. L. 2080 . in cethramad rand . . . loirgi (leg. lairgi) . . . gamna scamche, Hib. Min. 66.27 .

(b) Of persons: co ndúatar na biasta é . . . coro ḟaide in muir a da láraic cosin port út, LL 22396 (Dinds. of Port Láirge) = a laraic, BB 372b37 , láairg, Dinds. 42 . día laragaib (of warriors), TTr.² 542 . re tesgadh cenn ┐ cnámh ┐ colann láarg (larag v.l.) ┐ méidhi ┐ mhuinél, TBC-LL¹ p. 377 n.11 (H.2.17). laorg (g p.), Fianaig., 94.24 . fri lairge luthain .i. . . . fri toin na gabla, O'Dav. 1204 . mana leóin do ládharguibh / dá ragha a ndeóigh díbhearguigh, IGT Decl. ex. 568. isna lochaib blen ┐ isna lairgibh, Rosa Angl. 184.12 . do bhuail sé íad leis ┐ ladhairg he smote them hip and thigh, Judges xv 8 . thúg an daigéar óna ladairg dheis, iii 21 . Note also: sithbe iairn a dí loairc / lathar n-amra, LL 4984. Humorously in mock genealogy: a c[h]lérig . . . meic láirce, meic lūabann, MacCongl. 33.22 . Of the whole leg: co riacht anair . . . l.¤ ós bund `thighbone from the sole upwards', Metr. Dinds. iii 192.39 . tindlis a láim, a láraic, / a chois is a chóel-brágait (`ankle'), iv 124.1 . isna lairgibh in tibiis, 23 K 42, 292.4 . ro bris sé muiníl na miledh ┐ lairgi na laechraidhi `legs', Stair Erc. 829. lámha ┐ leithchind ┐ laarga na loechraidhe, Hugh Roe² 228.30 .

In phrases: mell a (dá) lárach buttocks: gerrchocholl co mell a ndá l.¤ , LU 6960 ( BDD 60 . a dá lárcc, Y). tuargabsat a lénta co mellaib a l.¤ , LU 8257 ( FB 20 ). gabaid a lēnid i n-ard-gabāil ōs mellach (leg. mellaib) a láruc, MacCongl. 9.25 . Cf. tucc buille . . . i mullach (mellach?) lairge T., ZCP x 10.11 . log na ladhairge the hollow of the thigh, Gen. xxxii 32.

In gramm. term: lorga fuach .i. lairce lorchaine, Auraic. 1692. See lurga.

(c) bed-post: dí loairgg direna(i)tar séot `posts' (Glossary), Críth G. 236.

In nn. loc. See Hog. Onom. s.v. 1 áth. Cf. Vadum Duarum Furcarum id est da loarcc, Thes. ii 266.14 ( Ardm. 12b ).

líachtreóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. líachtreóir or dil.ie/30113

 

n i, m. (Lat. lector with infl. of treoir) lector, cleric who arranges order of services : liachtreoir .i. leghthoir, iarsani legas co toirithnigit a liactaine im caisc ┐ im notlaic, Laws v 22.1 , 5 Comm . lan biathadh tucad do liachtreoir eclaisi, i 198. y Comm . faesam in liachtreora, i 198.z Comm . liac[h]troir . . . suibdeochain, deochain, O'D. 2192 ( Nero A vii 134a ). liachtreoir uird lais .i. dichor demna, torruma aesa galair, denum cretra tursaite popail do linn, ┐ corugud caich, iar na urd ic techt do laim, O'D. 920 ( H 3.17 col. 655 ). docuír a l.¤ ar a ceand, BB 234b 36 = Irish Texts iii 6.20 . eirnidther comeneclann doibh risna grada bis isin eclais .i. risin liactreoir, Ériu xii 8 § 7 n . a liachtroir fa lánmhor rath, 23 E 26, 240 . See also líachtóir.

Máirt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Máirt or dil.ie/31417
Last Revised: 2019

 

n indecl. and ī, f.(Lat. Martis) Tuesday , absol. or with dia: mairt .i. a Marte .i. dia catha la geinti, Corm. Y 892 . luan do thobar, in mairt don lind, Laws iv 216.24 . in mhairt ria Cáisc , LB 120 marg. sup. adaig máirti ria Samain, RC xxii 416 . a mochdeadhoil na maidne Mairti, MR 112.4 . dia mairt, SR 8708 . is dia Mairt doronadh an talam, Laws i 26.21 . die máirt ... do-fuit atbai i roí Ruis 'on a Tuesday ... he [will] die of a tumour in the battle-field of Ross', B. in Scáil² 45 § 50 . fuairsum olc dia mairt in mind, Ériu v 246. 241 . Of a battle fought on a Tuesday: máirt hi Crinda céin mbess bith 'a Tuesday battle in Crinna as long as the world will be', B. in Scáil² 37 § 13 . máirt hi Liphimaig 'a Tuesday battle on the Liffey plain', B. in Scáil² 38 § 14 .

1 min

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 min or dil.ie/32281
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: mion, miniu, mina, mion, mmin, doíni, mingata, minlonga, minmírend, minpeccthu, minrainn, minscainnre

adj o, ā (orig. u). The final consonant is non-palatal: min, beg, iphin and; min arba immorro idedh [= idad] and (i.e. min `small' contains the vowel io, m.¤ `flour' the vowel i), Auraic. 4395 ; in late Mid. and Mod.Ir. mion, except in compds. before a follg. palatal vowel. Compar. miniu, Thes. ii 254.14 .

Small (of size and quantity), minute, fine; petty, trivial .

I As declinable adj. with pred. or subst.: ce fodailter ni bes miniu although something less is distributed, Thes. ii 254.14 ( Stowe M. 65b ). pl. mina tairberta `small givers' (lit. small in giving), Tec. Corm. § 16.71 . robo min é, robo mor whether (the supply) was small or great, ZCP vii 304 § 11. ba maith a eneach mór mion `in great things and small', A. Ó Dálaigh lv 25 . uir m.¤ fine clay, Laws iii 296.16 Comm. (= mín?). cu mbat minai a cnamhæ shattered, pulverized , RC xii 88.4 . bruara mina menbaighthe, CCath. 3632. gombtar miona mionbhrúite, AFM vi 1982.3 . iter a troigthib mine, RC xxiv 200.3 . dorónad slóig mhina ┐ buidne becai do morshlogaib, Alex. 281. do galaib mina menici petty and frequent conflicts, Cog. 60 y . aonach nar m.¤ no mean gathering, BNnÉ 144.32 . níor bháigh mion, Ériu i 98 x . bronnadh mion mór (= small but precious), PBocht 7 § 15. ní díth mion, Keat. Poems 1025. is mion súil is dubhach 'na dheoidh sin rare is the eye, 172 . As epithet of endearment: a bhráthair mhion do mhór-Dia, PBocht 127 § 42. As subst.: gidh mion dogénainn though little I might do, BNnÉ 179 § 35. nis diolfa min mor-tnuth `little will not pay for great jealousy' (i.e. illicit desire), Leb. Gab.(i) i 28.23 . Adv. innis co mmin tell it in detail, CCath. 2892. do siredar na hára co m.¤ minutely , ZCP xiii 245.14 .

II In compds.:

(a) with subst., oft. oppd. to a compd. with mór. ¤aba f. a petty river: mo muir-si os na mionaibhnibh, ZCP viii 221 § 45. ¤áige: co ro scor i mminagib small pieces (lit. joints), LU 6721 = in minaigib, TBC-I¹ 2180. ¤airbe: m. cerd `art of small poems', RC xxvi 24 § 83 ( .i. aiste beca, LL 187b19 ). ¤aís tender age, minority: an mac do bheith 'na mhionaois, Keat. i 68.2 . ? ¤arán: miach minaráin ` flour-cakes ', MacCongl. 45.11 . fogebed a sháith min-aráin ` small (? broken) bread ', 53.17 ; perh. = min (men) flour. ¤ascid f. a petty gift: mo menma ba minascaid | is co Crist foscer, LL 47a48 . ¤bruar small fragments (coll.), TBC-LL¹ 1118. Aen. 156. mionbhruar, BS § 41 . Also ¤bruan, TBC-LL¹ 756 , 1084 , 1091 , 1121 . mionbhrughadh (= contritio), Mac Aingil 5.5 ¤chaingen f.: mincaingne trivial matters , CCath. 4064. ¤chásc f. little Easter, Low Sunday: minchasc, gl. octavarum paschae, Thes. ii 29.37 ( BCr. 43b3 ). domnach mincasc, Ériu iii 144 § 17. no ceilebrad in cáisc mór . . . no ceilebrad in mincaisc, Trip. 104.21 . cáiscc . . . ┐ mincáiscc, AFM ii 596. ¤chaislén, AFM iii 100.24 (oppd. to mór-). ¤chirriud chewing finely: min-chirrad m'il-blass, cnám carna, bronnud bánbíd, MacCongl.² 36.1134 . ¤chloch: do minchlochaib, RC xiii 68 § 72 . ¤choibse f. confession of minor sins: i rreir na riagla minchoibsena, Rule of Tallaght § 37. ¤chombach fragments (coll.): ro brised a luirgne co mba m., LB 151b44 . ¤chrann small wood, chips: dairge . . . arna diansgailed a m., RC xxi 400.12 . ¤chuil f. a small fly, midge: a mhairbhthene mhinchuile! IT iii 102 § 186. ni moo beitís minchuile flaithi síl Adhaimh occa not greater than flies, AFM i 524.21 . ¤chuileóg f. id.: cioth mionchuileóg, Mac Aingil 70.16 . ¤chúis f. a trifling matter? in fet[h]al (.i. m.) coisecartha, Lism. L. 2463 ; leg. minnchúis relic-case (cúis <cabhsa, cabsa = Lat. capsa)? Plummer (MS. notes). ¤dál f. ` small assembly ', Gorm. Aug. 25 . ¤dām ` petty troop ', ib. Gorm. Oct. 10 . ¤deascad fína fine wine-lees , O'Gr. Cat. 180.11. ¤druimne: cona mindruimnib mineccair do snath óir minute ridges, CCath. 4960. ¤duine, in pl. ¤ doíni small folk, inferior people (? children): mnaa ┐ meicc ┐ min-doene, TBC-LL¹ 6198 , cf. 2701 , 6202 . coin ┐ mindaine in baile, Moling § 21. mná ┐ miondaoíne an bhaile `common people', Ériu v 76.12 . AFM vi 1848.13 . ¤ecor minute work, ornamentation: co mineccur oir, CCath. 5284 , cf. 4960 . Cf. mín-e. ¤eclas f. a small church: fer gráid di mindecailsib [sic MS.] . . . cenmotát móreclaisi, Ériu i 220.1 . ¤én a small bird: ní facbhait m. na oissin, Acall. 6283. ealta minen ag teithed roim seabac, CF 684. Name of a plant: minen Muiri, ACL i 333.10 (cf. mionán Muire ` meadow saxifrage ', Hogan Luibhl. ). a mhinen na conaire | at millsi gach luibh, BS 64.17 . ¤fáith a minor prophet: iiii primfaith ┐ in da minfaith dec, Hib. Min. 3.71 . ZCP iii 21.41 . ¤féchad minute observation: lucht a minfechta those who observed him closely, Aisl. Tond. 94 § 3 = minfechsana, 121 . ¤flaith a petty chief: mac minflatha, BB 280b4 . ¤fogail f. a minor offence: a minfogla ┐ a mor-fogla, Laws iii 292.7 . ¤gait a petty theft: pl. mingata , O'Dav. 1466. ¤gerred cutting small, mincing: cnaib do mh. , Marco P. § 145. ¤glais f. a rivulet: tond romara bāides minglaissi, TBC-I¹ 3215. ¤gustal small means; a small article or utensil: fointreb in tighi (.i. na mingustail do bít isin tig), ACL iii 8 § 5 . ¤iasc a small fish: Corm. Y 955. fa murbruchtaib . . . minéisc, MR 248.12 . ¤iascach (coll.) small fish, small fry: is dobrán re m., ZCP vi 268.7 . ¤lestar a small vessel , see Laws i 134.6 . do mindlestraib na cerdcha, iii 192.1 . ¤long f. a small ship, boat: pl. minlonga, CCath. 1939. ¤maín f.: ni āirmhim minmhauine minor treasures, Anecd. ii 58.17 . ¤mír a little bit, morsel: a p. minmírend , FB 86. ¤peccad a venial sin: a p. minpeccthu , Wb. 8d2 . du minpecthib, Ml. 33d12 . idir mhinpheacadh ┐ morpheacadh, Eochairsg. 76.29 . ¤ponc a trifling point or matter: is minphongc ┐ is nefní, LB 157a31

. ¤rann f.

(a) a small part: do minrannaib minor parts (of speech), Sg. 212a2 . (as o, m.) minrainn beca an nēil, ITS xiv 150 x .

(b) as vn., (-roinn) division into small parts: doghéan mionroinn ar an Mídhe, Keat. i 112.2 . ag mionroinn mo raith dividing my goods, IGT Dec. ex. 902.

¤rétlu f. a small star: sruth minrétlann, LB 152a29 . ¤a petty king: seacht minríogha do Chruithneachaibh, Keat. iii 890. ¤scannar a petty skirmish: pl. minscainnre , MR 302.3 . ¤scellic f. a small rock: caisel . . . do minscellcib tanach blocks of cheese, MacCongl. 69.17 ; 118.25 . ¤chomairt, see minchomairt, minscomart, minscomairt, minscomartach. ¤sét: minṡeóit Medba ` trinkets ', Metr. Dinds. iii 464. ¤slabrad: minslabraidh segda chainlets , CCath. 5279. ¤sruth a small stream: ro fodlaiset in sruth i minsrothu, Rawl. 74b8 . CCath. 2384. ¤tech: amail mintighi im rightheach, CCath. 5319. ¤tellach a small hearth (sign of inhospitality); as alleg. npr. m.: mac Mintelaig, Anecd. ii 49.15 . ¤ugdar: minughdair minor authors , Auraic. 58.

(b) with adj. (esp. those formed from nouns, or participial): ¤airbech small-ribbed, puny? aithesc meicc minairbeich, Ériu iv 104.3 . ¤brecc: cu minbrec finely spotted , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 § 11. ¤brúithte crushed small: míre mionbruithte, Keat. ii 3052. AFM vi 1982.3 . ¤delgnach: motharmhuine móirdreasa mindeilgneach with fine thorns, BS 24.1 . ¤garg: Parthi . . . arda | Persa is Meda mingarga, Rawl. 77b42 short of stature but truculent?). ¤súilech weak-eyed ; mintsuilech, gl. luscus, Ir. Gl. 430.

(c) rarely with vb.: ¤bris(s)id pulverizes, smashes , ITS xiv 150.31 . ¤brúighid crushes small: do mhionbhrúigh [an iomáigh], 2 Chron. xv 16. ¤glanaid: ra minglanta a cuirp `were minutely cleansed', CRR 24. ¤briscaid: (intrans.) gur minbrisg maidm mórfairsing ar gach áird do na hairechtaib (= they were utterly broken up and dispersed), Caithr. Thoirdh. 80.4 .

molbthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. molbthach or dil.ie/32496

 

adj o, ā.

(a) praiseworthy; praised, extolled, famed: ar drong m.¤ na martir, SR 7810. meic maith molbthaig Malalíal, 4946 (g s m.). Dondchad m.¤ mass, ZCP xi 110 § 34. a aen-Dia . . . a aenfholbthaig (leg. -mholbthaig?), Ir. Lit. 2.11 (oenolbthaigi, aon-molthaig v.l.). ingen Foraind . . . ba m.¤ in mind, Metr. Dinds. ii 10.14 . ba hairdirc in m.¤ mas ` belauded ' (of Mac Dá Thó's pig), iv 194.5 . magen m.¤ na morgnim, LL 127a1 ( MacCarthy 142.2 ). do tuaith molfaigh mac Miled, Laws i 4.6 . brig m.¤ magistir, ACL iii 217 § 4. i caisc molbthaig moir, ZCP xiii 28.15 . molbhthach .i. moltach, O'Cl. molb[th]ach .i. mōr, Lec. Gl. 365.

(b) giving praise; exultant? enlaith m.¤ , Snedg. u. Mac R § 23. As subst.: co n-orthonaib, co córaib, | co molbthogaib dermoraib paeans (?), SR 4324. See moltach.

1 nó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nó or dil.ie/33204

 

Forms: no-, atnoí, no, nu, na, ná

conj. or ; acc. to Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 441 a petrified imperative from the vb. no- (found in 3 s. pr. atnoí); Thurneysen, Thurn. Hdb. § 873 , conjectures that it may have been orig. negative.

In O.Ir. also written no and nu ( Cambr. 37d = Thes. ii 245.36 ), and in Mid.Ir. somet. na, ná (through confusion with ná nor). In O. and Mid.Ir. lenites initial of a follg. noun (possibly in O.Ir. of a vb. also: no chonutangar, gl. aut comitur, Ml. 14c5 ); not so in Mod.Ir.

Generally expressed in MSS. by the Lat. contraction for vel (ł).

Used as disjunct. conj. to separate members of a clause or co-ordinate clauses in order to express one or more alternatives. Gl. aut ( Ml. 14c5 , 136b5 ) and vel ( 94c10 ). lia diis no thriur more than two or three persons, Wb. 13a4 . is lour dā preceptóir no thríi, 13a9 . fó dí nó fó thrí, FB 81. cith ine [sic leg.] chuis nu ine laim nu ine meraib whether in his foot or in his hand, Thes. ii 245.36 ( Cambr. 37d ). cid mór in duil nó cid becc, Ml. 145c3 , cf. 17c3 . cid i caisc nó chorgus, Fél. Ep. 562 (corgus v.l.). itir foss no utmaille, itir suide no ṡessam, Hy. i 3 (T.). troscud ind nó bith for usciu ┐ bargin (alternative penances), Mon. Tall. 9. nad ḟetar-sa . . . ar bad chalmu in Galian Lagen na Lúagni na Temrach andathi-siu whether the G. . . . or the L. . . . were braver than you, CRR 48. eplid do gorta . . . no ithed cách a céli uaib, PH 1023. ron-áil fair conā tormaigfed nó nā digebad cid a oen-fhocul not to add nor take away a single word, Mon. Tall. 61. nā rachthai ón Troí co tucthar síd dúib esti ná co taethaisti acci nó co ndechaisti ḟurri until peace be granted you or till ye fall or till ye overpower it, LL 240b26 ( TTr. 1774 ).

In disjunctive questions: in oc urnaidi Con Culaind bía fodechtsa no in lim-sa doraga? wilt thou await C. or come with me ? SCC 46. indat sochenel no dochenel?, PH 695. ba cunntabairt lemm in n-ó Dia no in n-o diabul ro boí sium, 1493 .

Somet. loosely used where sense is not disjunctive, almost = and: cait i fuarais hi no cia dosgni hi?, PH 208. abair friumm cia cathair duit no caide h'ainm no cia fochund fora tanic, 1137 . Cf. nách nó deilighthi atá annsa chorp acht nó ar ocus that it is not disjunctive `or' which stands in the text but `or' used for `and', H 3.18 p. 645a ( O'Curry 1445 ).

Often (like Eng. or) used instead of ná in a neg. sent., somet. in juxtaposition with the latter: nichar-fail tlacht nó dagbíad, SR 1560 , cf. 512 . ni boi . . . i nnim nó hi talum, LB 112a10 ( MacCarthy 62.4 ) = i nnim nā talmain, SR 1511. áit innā bí bás nó peccad nā imorbus, LU 9996. ni coir lais berrad nā fothruc[ud] . . . nó nach gníomrad ale, Mon. Tall. 55. ní lécset uacht no scís no íttaid . . . fair, PH 1973. gan rún faladh nó formaid, Dán Dé xxv 34 .

nó . . . nó either . . . or , expressing an absolute alternative ( = Lat. aut . . . aut): no teidh-si . . . ar seachran no ni theid, Luc. Fid. 364.20 . no do an Criosd a bfochair a eagluisi . . . no nior an, 369.1 .

In late texts a spurious pl. form is occas. found, on the analogy of oldáit, indáit, etc.: mar dogénadh mac [sic leg.] tíre caírigh nóid uain sheep or lambs, RC xix 50 § 67. do fhiafruigh . . . an rabhadar biadha náid lóinte aca, Keat. ii 264 .

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