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cáit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáit or dil.ie/7982

adv conj (1 cía + áitt). With follg. prep. I and subst. vb. where is? Less freq. with other verba (cf. also cait ar ḟágbhuis é, Ériu v 86.32 ). c.¤ . . . cóir, IGT Introd. § 16 . ro íarfacht . . . c.¤ i mbaí in tarb, LU 5359 . cait a-facadais, Sc.M² 11 = cairm, text. ní fes do Galafas cait andeach[aidh], RC x 185.8 . cáitt itá donert?, ii 396 § 33 . cait a mbiadh an bas ar do chionn (you know not) where you would meet with death, Ériu v 138.121 . c.¤ i bhfuil aighne mh'anma, Dán Dé iv 2 . Perh. as indef. wherever in: c.¤ 'sa muine a fuil do net `wo auch dein Nest . . . ist', Bruchst. 66 § 151 .

catt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. catt or dil.ie/8392
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cat, cat

n o, m (Lat. cattus) (a) cat : c.¤ ab eo quod est cattus , Corm. 10 . cat graece catos , O'Mulc. 211 . cat gl. murilegus, Ir. Gl. 499 . bla cat cuili, Laws iii 296.1 . cinmotha coin ┐ cata, i 46.24 Comm. c.¤ bec, LU 1705 . amal as dech téit c.¤ cróich `as a cat makes for cream(?)', TBC-LL² 1840 . Coirpri Cind cait .i. diarbo cenn ca[i]t .i. fuath . . . cait robhaí fora déa, Cóir Anm. 241 . srub chait . . . lasin Carpre (of same), IT iii 189.1 . a barr ḟeoir rossa / dar cossa cait, 93 § 140 . ro thinsat na cait (of preternatural cats), LU 8769 ( FB 57 ). cind chat forro (of Caitchinn), RC xxvi 138.4 . no gormadh . . . na conu ┐ na catu, Lism. L. 4081 . in c.¤ geal, LB 164 marg. inf. cuilén caitt kitten, ib. ionann dál do . . . ┐ don chat ris an luich (of devil and sinner), TSh. 2344 . In repertory of feats (of Cú Chulainn) cles caitt : corpchless ┐ cless caitt , LU 5970 (TBC). 8442 ( FB 30 ). In ogam: linnogam . . . C. (c) (river-name), Auraic. 5683 .

(b) vulva (?) ZCP xvi 278 : amal tēti bott tar c.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 2680 .

As n. pr. m. Scibor ┐ Ibor ┐ C.¤ , RC xi 452.150 . See Corp. Gen. Index.

Compds. With nouns: in catphiast mhor, Lism. L. 3802 = an cait-bhéist mór, BNnÉ 77 § 147 . ¤chenn. In n. pr.: Cairbre C., O'Rahilly, EIHM 159 . risna Caitchennaib Cat-heads , RC xxvi 138.11 .

cles

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cles or dil.ie/9440

Forms: clius, -cliss, cleas, -a, cleasana

n u and o, n. and m. n s. (d s. ?) clius, Thes. ii 293.19 . a s. -cliss, LU 9105 , 9121 . cleas (g s. -a) m., IGT Decl. § 95 ( 127. 13 ). n p. cleasana, Eochairsg. 87.37 .

(a) feat; in pl. or collective sense, repertory or performance of feats (used particularly of the martial feats taught to Cú Chulainn and Fer Díad by Scáthach: see Heldensage 220 etc.): turim na cless inso sís. In t-ubullchless ┐ faeborcless ┐ fáencless ┐ cless cletenach . . . , LU 5969 ff. , 9288 ff., 10341 ff. bla clesamnaig c.¤ .i. slan donti eamnas na gō clis innairdi, no na hubla clis innairdi. Masa clesa neamaicbeile iat, Laws iii 284.19 ff. (i.e. the juggler is immune from payment for injury inflicted provided his feats are not dangerous ones). dirósced Cu Ch. diib uile ocon cliss ar áne ┐ athlaime, LU 10147 . bale i rrabe oc na clessaib, 8568 ( FB 43 ). ferr cach c.¤ cotlud, 8467 ( 32 ). conid c.¤ ┐ cluchi lim comrac fri óenfer, 8469 ( 32 ). nocon imberasom for Ultu a c.¤ sin dorísse, 5136 (TBC). fer rosasad . . . a cruth. a chumachta. a crúas. a chless, 4845 (TBC). luid do foglaim gaiscid ┐ chless la Scáthaig, 4835 (TBC). co cliuss nonbair for cach rind, 4848 (TBC). gora chloesetar a n-ilchless arda (sic leg. ?) ra tilib . . . na scíath cliss, 10537 - 8 . fobíth do deligthi ruind oc na clessaib cluchi (the boy-troop to Cú Chulaind), TBC-LL¹ 1140 . a ṅgaisceda tuc o Scáthaig Buanand, . . . cless Caitt ┐ cless Cuair ┐ ubullchless . . . , LL 12543 . firfaid findchlesa fri h-ultu errudu, YBL 181a6 . múin na huile chleasa dhó acht cleas an ghá builg amhain, RC xxix 136 § 52 . roimir c.¤ carpait furru con torchradar ua chosaib na n-ech, TTebe 2908 . cleasa ceoil feats of music, Aithd. D. 9.9 . d'eachaibh cuanna ar n-a gcaischleas `deft-stepping', Magauran 834 .

Cú na c.¤ sobriquet of Cú Chulainn: a Chú na cless cain, TBC-LL¹ 3952 . do Choin na c.¤ , MR 206.3 .

(b) Used also of weapons, instruments, etc. with which the feats were performed: carpat . . . co mórsaide do chlessaib cliss gascid, LL 13903 . ised is clesa aicbeili ann, cach c.¤ ara mbia rind no faebur, Laws iii 284.26 Comm. is annsin do cuireddar a clesa gaile ┐ gaisgidh a lamhaibh a ngilla, RC xi 30.6 (TBC).

(c) stratagem, proceeding; trick, wile : bái ac tur fhesa thall na thaigh / d'iarraidh chlesa dá chabhair, SG 28.z . do Mhlaise gan ceilg gan chleas, 21.y . ar cleasaibh na colla / dom chealccadh ón crábhadh, ZCP x 347 § 3 . do dhealbh . . . is cleas doiligh / fairge `hard the task', Dán Dé xxxi 5 . ní thuigid cách cleasa an domhain, 23 . guais liom lá na coinne / is cleas fán cóir dulann / do theach d'iadhadh oram 'tis a thing to provide against, viii 9 . adhlaicthear thú . . . / i n-uaigh chumhaing—cleas nar dhú (cheville), iii 26 . tre ríoghain na ccleas ccruthach `graceful-mannered', O'Hara 3278 . ar lorg an chleasa chéadna imitating the same proceeding, DDána 88.19 . an dream d'á ndeárnadh Hanon cleasana (referring to contumelious treatment of David's messengers by Hanon, 2 Kings ix 4 ), Eochairsg. 87.37 . Of magical feats, shape-shifting, etc. Forgull Monach . . . mon .i. cleas, ar [ba] fer cumachtach eissium, co téighedh a n-ilrechtaibh, Cóir Anm. 205 .

Attrib. g s. clis: .ix. n-ubla clis ┐ .ix. cletíne clis ┐ ix. scena clis, LU 8565 - 6 ( FB 42 ). a ocht scíathu cliss, 6430 (TBC). focheird chaer cliss ar chonair `a cunning ball', Metr. Dinds. iii 94.19 . is amhlaidh théid S. d'agallmha na ndee, ┐ clíabh clis fuithe magic(?), RC xxix 132 § 47 . imfuirmed a carpad clis itir a dā lāim, Ériu i 114 § 2 (`his palate-feat'). ba geis don lon chalma chlis `valourous', A. Ó Dálaigh lv 19 . an fhoireann chlis-se treacherous(?), cunning(?), Keat. Poems 1369 . For deil chlis, gábait clis see 2 deil, gábait.

Compds. With noun. re cles-fhaebraib Conain, MR 250.19 . With adj. in carpatsin cona chreit . . . chlesaird i.e. of a height suitable for the occupant to perform feats(?), TBC-I¹ 1970 . With adj. derived from noun. da chodnach cleas-armacha, MR 272.1 . cath-cuingid . . . cles-armach, 224.21 . an dias chrithreacha chleasneimhneacha of deadly feats, Cath MT 276 .

cúar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cúar or dil.ie/13349
Last Revised: 2013

adj o, ā curved, bent, crooked : c.¤ .i. cam, O'Cl. Met. Gl. 17 § 44 .

(a) Of weapons, implements: ras tarraing da corránaib crúaidi cuara cromṡrona (of spear of Saturn), LL 31773 ( TTr. 962 ). glēs a hindeón comdad c.¤ `of . . . bent anvils', Hail Brigit 9 ( LL 7180 ).

(b) Of physical features and attributes of humans, etc. a asnada cuara curata `curved . . . ribs', TTebe 1017 . leccu chūar `eine schiefe Backe', Bruchst. 64 ( IT iii 82 § 64 ). nār cuar rus . . . (rhet.), Ériu ii 28 § 11 . beara (.i. lāmha) . . . is cūar (.i. cumang) crobh (.i. glac) (B. na f.), ZCP v 484 § 6 . Of natural feature: forin chnuc c.¤ `on the swelling hill', Metr. Dinds. iv 184, Benn Codail 7. Of an ailment: crithgalar cuar, Ériu xviii 72 § 65 .

(c) As subst. in phr. c.¤ cummaisc twisted mass; mixum gatherum; something scattered about (cf. cáer): c.¤ cumaisg .i. ní fa gcuairt no cruinn, O'Cl. doróine cuar-cumuisc don muir (of ships in battle), CCath. 1967 . carracc . . . doníth cuarcumaisc iter ḟeóil ┐ cnaim do cech corp cusa roisedh `a perverse mingling', 1860 . go ndéinid brúirech ┐ cuar commbuaidheartha cumaisg dhíobh, TSh. 6697 .

As n. pr. the Crooked (One): C.¤ , LL 21620 (taken as adj. c.¤ ` crooked ', Met. Dinds. Gloss.). Suibhe mac Colmain Cuaír, BCC 354 (380.20) . ? cless Caitt ┐ cless Cuair, Ériu iv 30.8 ( LL 12543 ) Cuar, RC xi 448.77 . cles Cúair, LU 8442 ( FB2 § 30) ; see cúar. In n. loc. oc Dún Chuair, Metr. Dinds. iv 316.1 .

Compds. With nouns. ic cassadcengal a cuarbel im certmedon da sliasat inn airdrigh `circular openings' (of greaves), CCath. 5210 . croimsgiath, no cuairsgíath .i. sgiath cham, O'Cl. cúarscéith chredumai foraib, LU 7087 `curved, or round (?), shields', BDD² Gloss . sleg cuarrind, YBL 41b15 . an nuimhear . . . nár shatail i gcuairshlighthibh `never trod crooked ways', Ó Bruad. iii 170.5 . With adj. and adj. derived from noun: gusan ccael ccuarchumhang (strait of a lake) `curving and narrow' (Gloss.), Hugh Roe² 30.24 . a ulcha gaill in dedbudanaigh cuarlubanaigh with curling loops, IT iii 98 § 160 .

In other compds. With noun and vb. a chromchuarcholtur co lecain camaill `his crooked, bent coulter', etc. (of Samson), Ériu v 156.201 . ? rochiarchuar crapcremsetar, IT iii 102.2 (§ 184) .

cuilén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuilén or dil.ie/13507

Forms: culían, -é(o)in, -íoin, -íuin, -én, -ian, coileán, cuilen, cuilenu, cuilen

n o, m. (cú ?) IGT Decl. § 35 . Somet. also culían. g s n p. -é(o)in, -íoin, -íuin. v s. and g s. also -én, -ian. Treated as syntactical f. in: cuilen mhiadhach, IT iii 72.25 . an culēin fear-chon . . . gach ēan-ruibe dā raibh uirri, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1043 (referred to by ris, 1046 ). ? cnesbruinne in chuilein caemhgnimaigi sin, MR 300.3 . Later coileán.

Pup, whelp, cub; kitten : inna leon mór son lasa mbiat in chuliuin, Ml. 75b2 . cuilen, Blathm. 209 . cáin cech culēn fó ṡaidh (prov.), Cáin Ad. 8 . culian .i. c.¤ .i. cú lénas cách, Thr. Ir. Gl. 13 . ní boíd ind imbert moithchulióin sin, LU 5701 (TBC). culén din chúani chétna, 5026 (TBC). cano .i. cuilen mic tíre, O'Dav. 529 . ro lāmnastar cethri cuilēnu, Corp. Gen. 196.7 , 8 . aiste in ch.¤-sin `the nature of that whelp', PH 3438 . a cuilenu (n p.) (of wolf-cubs), Ériu xvi 83.40 . tescaid a cuilena a bruinn (of a lynx), CCath. 4143 . cuilen mílcon, MR 14.7 . i ndegaid in cuilein, Grail 2029 . coileán con, Oss. iii 100.z . cuileáin cuaine cath-leomhain, Keat. Poems 1046 . mathghamhuin ar ccaill a cuiléan = robbed of her whelps, Proverbs xvii 12 . cuilen gl. catulus, Ir. Gl. 498 . c.¤ caitt , LB 164 marg. inf.

As laudatory term of warriors: bruth ┐ barand in chulíuin se (sc. Etarcomul), TBC-LL¹ 1932 . cuileoin in chaille, LL 1265 (of the Túatha Dé). a meic Medba . . . / a chulian ard ardenig, TFerbe 445 . a chuiléin ghaiscid, SG 353.11 .

As term of endearment: mu buidhén on bhrudh, / mu c.¤ mu cean, RC vi 178.128 . mo ch.¤ carthach, Ériu xiii 19.24 .

As n.pr. m. im Cuilen mac Etighen, RC xvii 351.21 (Tig.).

Deggell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Deggell or dil.ie/15078
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: Decull, Decell, Degell, Deigell, Deichell, Deighell, Decull, Decuill, Decill, Deigill, Deichell, Deighill, Decell, Degell, Dechell, Degell, Deghell, Deighell, Deggill, Deigill, Deggell, Decell, Decill, Deighill, Deichill, Degel, Decill, Decill, Deichill, Degel, Decell, Decill, Decell, Decell, Decill, Decell, Decell

o, npr. m. Also spelled Decull, Decell, Degell, Deigell; Deichell, Deighell. Possibly a cpd. of deg + gell, though in an old npr. like this one would expect rather †Dag-gell.—Oldest spelling Decull: g s. Decuill, Ardm. 19 a 1 : Cairell mac Ferguso maic Decuill; a Fergus mac Deichill is mentioned BB 200 b 43 ; meic Decuil, Thes. ii 281. 14 = Decill, Reeves Ad. 247 n.f. = Deigill BB 212 b 24 . For the broad -gg- cf. -accai sees (beside -aicci). Mid.-Ir. Deichell and Deighill are, at least partly, to be judged as corrupt renderings of older Decell, Degell, which as a npr. had become obs. long before the Mid.-Ir. period. A genuine Ir. †Dechell or †Degell (i.e. Deghell) is not sufficiently supported.

Deggell mac Nadṡluaig father of Coirpre, the bishop. Deighell, LL 384 b 28 , 29 . g s. Deggill, Trip. 166. 19 (Rawl.). Decill, LL 348 f 34 . mac Deigill , BB 218 b 9 . Deggell, Adamn.

Decell mac Caitt brother of Oengus and Conall and grandson of Fothad. n s. Decell, LL 313 a 59 , 61 . Rawl. 120 b 37 . BB 124 b 25 , 26 (Decell a quo .h. Rechtabra). g s. Decill, LL 385 a 56 . 351 g 2 . Deighill: Brecán mac D.¤ meic Caitt , BB 222 b 44 = LL 351 g 2 .

Decell mac Brain father of Cellach and grandson of Suibne mac Blatchon. g s. Deichill, BB 145 b 35 . Degel (sic), 149 d 4 .

Decell mac Gaithi father of Locán. g s. Decill, BB 154 c 17 .

Mac Decill mac Meic Fintain, BB 228 b 51 .

Mac Decill mac Meic Laisri grandson of Fiachan. g s. Decill, BB 144 c 50 . Deichill, 145 b 40 . Degel (sic), 149 d 9 .

Mac Dechill .h. Labrada, BB 144 f 19 , 48 .

Decell father of Fiacan BB 144 f 25 (g s. Decill).

Decell father of Fintan. F. mac Decill, Rawl. 92 h 35 .

Decell father of Molaisse Rawl. 93 d 35 (g s. Decill).

Decell father of Maernoc and Caiscéne : dá mac Deigill .i. Maernoc ┐ Cascēne, BB 212 b 24 . Cf. Cuimne mater filiorum Meic Decuil qui nominantur Mernooc et Cascene et Meldal et Bran, Reeves Ad. 246. 6 (= Thes. ii 281. 14 ). Husband of Cumán, sister of Colum Cille: Mernocc mac Decill derbhráthair do Chaisín mac Decill ┐ Cumán siúr Colaim Cille a máthair, ib. 247 n.f .

Decell: vii meic Aengusa .i. Maine &c....nó meic Deichill ut alii , BB 200 b 43 . n.l. Cella Septem Filiorum Degilli, Trias Thaum. 478 a. n. 3 ( Reeves Ad. 246 n.f. ).

Deicell Find Aithech Érand, LL 48 b 44 .

Further instances: Mac Decill is mac Bresail, BB 144 f 25 . mac Deichill, 148 b 8 . tar cenn Dechill déin ITS vii 84 st 7 . ar ndíth Déicill, Acall. 4988 .

1 fíadugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fíadugad or dil.ie/21919

n u, m. (vn. of 1 fíadaigid q.v.) cuilén caitt notn-aile he comba haitt | o rogaib míadugud teit uait fri fiadugud LB 164 marg. inf. (= will revert to his roving nature ? or will go hunting ?).

finnfad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. finnfad or dil.ie/22157

Forms: findfod, fionnadh

n o, m. (cf. finna) hair (coll., gen. of hair on body), fur: findfod, Corm. Y 242 . iss ed ba hetach do f.¤ a chuirp fodessin, LU 1853 ( RC x 50 ). f.¤ a malath their eyebrows Laws iii 354.8 . do tuitim findfaid in fabra eyelashes O'Gr. Cat. 190.25 . do thoirmisc fáis an findfaidh of (superfluous). hairs 178.30 . iar fhendadh ... a fhindfaid dia chind, PH 6578 . is nach ffuil trem chenn | acht fionnfadh gerr glas, Duan. F. i 80.27 . finnfadh a chinn ┐ a ulchan ... ┐ a chuirp archena, Fl. Earls 230.27 . ar bhfuilt nó ar bhfionnfadh do tharraing to tear our hair TSh. 5854 . olann na caorach ... amail ḟinnfadh na rob archena fur Laws iii 376y . étach dognither do fhindfad gabar, PH 454 . findfadh caitt , BB 250b23 . Cóir Anm. 241 . Of a bird's down RC v 199 § 6 . fionnadh, Gen. xxvii 11 ; Exodus xxv 4 ; Levit. xiii 4 , is possibly due to confusion with fionna, see finna.

fo-luigi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-luigi or dil.ie/23191
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: folaid, folaich, fullugaimm, -folcai, foluigi, foilcc, fus-luget, fo-d-lugai, farolgais, folloig, follaig, farrolaig, -forlaig, farlaic, foluicct[h]er, foilg-, falc-, folch-, falch-, -folaig, -foiligh

v i (for etym. see Ériu xii 221 ). ipv. 2 s. folaid (= folaig) Corm. Y 690 . folaich, ZCP viii 311.5 (Laud 610). pres. ind. 1 s. fullugaimm (gl. abdo) Sg. 22b4 . 2 -folcai, Lism. L. 3489 . 3 s. foluigi, Anecd. iii 57.14 (Laud 610) (cf. noda foilcc , SR 251 , by Strachan, VSR p. 68 , referred, with a query, to folcim; see folcaid). 3 pl. fus-luget, Ériu ii 110 § 29 . subj. pres. 2 s. mad fo-d-lugai (ma folugai, cia foluga, v.l.), Fél. June 6 . pret. and perf. 2 s. farolgais, LU 4119 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 10 ). 3 s. folloig, TBC-I¹ 2053 = follaig LU 6567 . farrolaig (refl.), Bodl. Corm. s.v. lethech ( Corm. Y 825 ), -forlaig, Fianaig. 16.6 , etc. Cf. con farlaic , AFM ii 586.20 . Pass. pres. foluicct[h]er, O'Mulc. 760 . Vn. 1 folach, q.v.

In Mid. Ir. commonly treated as simple vb., stem foilg- (failg-) (occas. folc- falc- may be scribal error), later folch-, falch- ( IGT III exx. 458 , 460 ); 3 s. perf. -folaig (-falaig, -foiligh).

Lit. `lays under ' hence

(a) covers, hides, conceals: foilgiseom a gnuis, LU 5200 ( -sseom, TBC-I¹ 721 ). follaig Medb ... a hainech, LU 6567 . cia ḟalchaid a agaidh, ZCP x 52.17 . folcuit a n-aighti ... lena mbélaib úachtair, Maund. 176 . do ḟalaich I. a chend re nāiri, Lec. [70b] 25 . ciaptar carait coraib crech | forrolaich talam, Rawl. 156b23 (possibly fosr-; = fos rolaic, BB 151b22 ). ni farlaig talam ... fer fo Mael ... Muru the earth never covered a man like M. AU 886 = Bruchst. i § 112 . nī forlaig hiriu ... sēt bad n-amradar, Fianaig. 16 § 39 . Cf. con farlaic tonn talman until earth covered him AFM ii 586.20 . See also c below. ro foilgeset in chlérig a lungai isin bailiu sin, Trip. 36.13 (375 = absconderunt). do ḟoilgettar ... a n-artraige, ITS xvi 28.14 . forroilged la G. dabach il-lac mara, Anecd. i 1y . rofoilgedh leis dabach lān di arcad, 4.26 . do folchadur na hIdhail an croch ... a talamh, Maund. 12 . rofolchadh cistedha ... fon talmain, BNnÉ 318 § 9 . cáitt inar ḟoilgis do mac? ... Nir ḟoilgius itir he where hast thou hidden thy son? I have not hidden him at all LB 144a38 . do rug se B. leis ┐ rofhoiligh e ina caislén, ZCP vi 277.1 . dá bhfolchadh úir a aghaidh IGT III ex. 458 . adeirid gur folchadh fa dhílinn e `was hidden from [? under] the deluge' Keat. i p. 152 (cf. Éigse iv 248 ). foluigh mé faói scáile do sciathán!, Psalms xvii 8 . mo lucht iomtha mh'uilc ... nīr ḟailgedar hid not my wrong-doing ZCP xii 383.30 ( YBL 372b26 ) = Dán Dé xvi 11 . mo chion féin acht nach folchuinn, Dán Dé xxii 29 . néall ... lé bhfolchar grian na ngrás, TSh. 10739 . gur ḟolaigheadar na tonna an t-arthrach, Matthew viii 24 . With FOR of pers. (Cf. 1 for II (l)): foilgid ... a gnúis forro hides his face from them TBC-LL¹ 1361 . ra foilged Ioib fair, LL 217a19 ( TTr. 11 ). do ḟaluigh oirn in gréin nglain | a sgáile his shadow hid the sun from us Anecd. 33 § 67 . cid uma bhfolcai forainn ratha ... in Spirta?, Lism. L. 3489 . rofoilghidh na slighthi ... forra, CCath. 2351 . ó ro ḟolchait [folcait foilgit v.l.] ardslébe na hEtáile forsin airdrí[g] were hidden (i.e. beneath the horizon) CCath. 1451 . foileóchad orra na fáidhe, Mac Aingil 416.16 (cf. Isaiah xxix 10 : prophetas ... operiet). With RÉ N-: is romainde ro falchabair bar mbiad, LB 154b44 . With FRI/RI: ris nach falchoid tíre a dtoirthe 'from whom regions do not hide their fruit', Giolla Brighde 16 § 20 .

Reflex. hides oneself: hi cressaib ... na secht nime fus-luget in dā crithmhil dēc (i.e. the Zodiacal signs), Ériu ii 110 § 29 . nos-failgid fo chossaib ... Menerba, Aen. 495 (= sub pedibusque deae ... teguntur Aeneid ii 227 ). farrolaig didiu Ciuitēni fadesin himmaig, Corm. Bodl. s.v. lethech ( Corm. Y 825 ). nā roḟalcha diabul he fen i mbiadaib, LB 234b7 . do fhalcastair he a nduama aineolaig, TTebe 1259 .

Absol. : rotheigh ┐ ro folaig ría German hid (himself) from G. LU 242 (Todd Todd Nenn. 102 ).

(b) in specific sense covers, spreads ... over: ni fhalaigh aol | aghaidh chathrach a comhchaomh lime does not cover the front of a castle so fair Ériu v 60 . ro foilgetar an tech d'etaigiph, Aisl. Tond. 112 § 3 . do folchad na buird do srol ┐ do sída, Fianaig. 56.3 . do folcadh búird ... an ríoghtheaghlaigh ┐ do dáileadh togha gacha bídh ... forra, Maguires of F. § 28 . foileóchthar leó learga Midhe | ré méid na gcreach, TD 16.60 .

(c) various extensions of meaning: rabert béim din chulg dét dó go ra ḟolaig na chliab buried it in his chest TBC-LL¹ 3830 . nior folchadh gráinne nar ghin not a grain was sown but it sprouted, IGT III ex. 459 . ? noglésed a guth dóib, conda-foilged ind-ara fecht. dondiusced in fecht aile, Ériu i 114 § 2 (= so that he hid i.e. lowered and raised it alternately ?). mairg doman ┐ talam ┐ uisci i n-ar folchedh in tṡaerclann `was submerged' AU ii 520 (cf. Ann. Conn. 1365 § 8 ). in loch sa ... eter gnaī ┐ glór is ghen | ór is fīn faī do foilgedh beauty, speech and laughter, gold and wine were submerged beneath it (of drowning of Somairle) ib. anfa mara ... ros foluigh uile engulfed them (of Pharao and his hosts), Keat. ii 349 . bās Seaāin is dīth Donncaidh | gach nemāgh dá bfrīth falchaidh eclipse all disasters that were ever known ZCP ii 354.24 . an bior tarla san troighidh | cion na habhla do fholuigh, PBocht 21 § 22 . Cf. onchoin Ghaeidheal ar na nguin, folchaidh aeinḟear a n-easbhaidh `one man would supply their loss' Miscell. Celt. Soc. 156.6 . mar do beith sib beo co brāth ... falchaid mēt bar muirni a muig | cen chuimni fon ēc acuib the exuberance of your spirits hides death from your remembrance (?) ACL iii 239 § 24 .

torad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. torad or dil.ie/43360

Forms: torith, t., torud, toirthi, toruid, toraid, toirthiú, toradh, taradh

n o, n. (Originally toreth, Ériu xii 215 ; cf. g s. torith, Mon. Tall. 159.16 ). n s. t.¤ ngelglas, Ériu ii 116 § 50 . n pl. torud, Ml. 46c8 . toirthi, 46c14 . Later forms: a pl. toruid, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . toraid, PH 7661 . toirthiú, Todd Nenn. 148.2 . toradh, taradh, IGT Decl. § 53.

I

(a) produce, increase: t.¤ a láam is hed dodtoisged, Wb. 9a6 . immdae .i. hi toirthib són, Ml. 37d22 . it hesidi torud bele, 46c8 . it hé in toirthi amal sodin, 46c14 . bátár mesaite a torthe, LU 4403 . ar tomailt torith na muindtiri `about eating the produce of the monastery,' Mon. Tall. 159.16 . dús ind gebad ní do th.¤ ionda cildi huadaib, 128.16 . ni corpat torud ind erlamai, 21 . rechtge fri tuar toraid `produce,' Críth G. 523 . tuc gach tír a th.¤ trom, ZCP viii 109.5 . co ndruni ┐ lamda ┐ lamthorud, LU 3910 ( SCC 42 ). ní búi ní ba terc dóib leesi di cach thorud eter biad ┐ etach ┐ indbass, LL 125b50 . ni chaithfem t.¤ in caitt (i.e. the fish it caught), LL 283a27 . in bech oc tecclamad a thoraid, Laws iv 164.9 . mo mac ... .i. t.¤ mo brónd, LB 141a10 . trian cach toraid do tir, Laws ii 362.22 . admestar triur asa tindremaib hi torath tecail, ZCP xiv 176.8 . ni rabe ... accese acht torud co lleith, Thes. ii 333.5 . roraind in torod ... letorud tra tuic si asin chulid, 20 . t.¤ cu leith maistertha, Lism. L. 1281 . tuc leathtorad maistirtha aniar, 1296 . t.¤ in oenmheich bracha `the produce of one measure of malt,' 1361 . Of fish: feda cin mes | muir can t.¤ , RC xii 110 § 167 . co tochrad a murthorud, MacCongl. 37.4 . toradh na Berba, Dinds. 36 . gu fégha tharadh in tráicht | béra ó bháirc a caladh chúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 1005 . dúntar coirthe chláir Ḟeóire | toirthi dháibh is doirseóire, ex. 1304 . ar isruithe beo bethu thortha, Laws iv 78.6 . .i. is uaisle iní dobeir beatha dona buaib isin géimre na iní do beir toru dóib isin tsamhradh, 80.1 Comm. seoid Ghréag ón domhan 'na dhál | na dtoradh chéad ag claochlódh `hundred-fold increase,' TD 13.41 . do gabhatur in palas cona torthaibh (tor, v.l.) co himlan, RC xix 152 § 133 . ag gabail creach ┐ turthedh (sic leg.) ┐ airgid, CF 119.

(b) result, profit: ise grethe cen torad do gni, Laws iv 36.5 . tir inid taidle muilenn, co tabair t.¤ , Laws iv 214.7 . do tairgetar in chóir sin ┐ cuir na mbarún le t.¤ do tabuirt uirre to give effect, Caithr. Thoirdh. 137.34 . ní tarodh gaoil do-gheibhthir, DDána 48.12 . fregra in mheic, maith a thoradh, O'Gr. Cat. 470.9. is mó a tharadh do chloinn Connla | Goill d'anadh re colbha cuain, Aithd. D. 26.28 . ar ghuth Muire a-tá toradh, 98.8 . ní fhuil taradh n-a dtuirim, Aithd. D. 6.50 . maithim ... énbhonn feasda dá thoradh ` payment ,' Studies 1918, 617 § 4 . d'éag a stór a dtreoir sa dturadh, Ó Bruad. il 178 v . ni dán gan turadh, 72 xlvii .

(c) In phr. do-beir t.¤ ar sets store by, heeds: ni tuc toradh ar minn da tuc dó he set no store by, Expugn. Hib. 69 . ní thug toradh na tarbha ar chomhrádh na caemrighna, Études Celt. i 79.23 . ní thug sisi toradh ar an tromfhala sin, 30 . da ttugadh th' athair aithne dhuit do bhíadh a n-aghuidh an mhaith ... na tabhair toradh uirri, Mac Aingil 275.16 .

(d) In phr. do thorud by the use of; as a result of: ni pu da thir ... a fuirec dorigne, acht do th.¤ a da lam ┐ a tharnguir, TBC-I¹ 489 . lenfaid clēirigh naemchell | adhaltras is écāir | nī fāghat dá taradh | ní asa faghat étáil, ZCP iii 31.34 . roimigh ... do thoradh a retha rindlūaith, vi 57.15 . di thorath inna bendachtan doratsat fir hErenn fair, viii 313.11 . tic Conall 'n-a rith roimhe ... co ndechaidh Conall uadha do thoradh a retha, RC xxix 219.y . is don Breas sin do bean Sreng mac Sengaind coiced Conacht do tharad chomroindi ar eicin, Lec. 188va13 . do brissidar (sic leg.) ... in lecht-sin iar trill do toradh namatais, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . Lochlainn mac Conchobair do dallad doib iarom ┐ a ecc du thorad in dalta-sin, 1296.6 . ocus a brissed ass a haithle do thoradh na comairle, ALC ii 268.12 .

(e) In phrase ar thorad living by: se ar torad a lann 's a gha, Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.30 . cairt eile ní iarrfa sibh | acht tú ar thoradh do ghaisgidh, Aithd. D. 30.33 . olc an tslighe go Dia dhamh | bheith ar thoradh mo theangadh, DDána 57.16 . gé tú ar thoradh mo theangadh, 101.31 . Also by dint of (cf. (d)): ranic O. roime ... ar toradh a engnuma ┐ a eisimail, Celt. Rev. iv 18.1 . do cuaidh ar toradh a retha ass, RC xix 136.9 . dochuaid tarrsa ar tarad a lama laitiri, Ann. Conn. 1342.11 .

(f) fruit (of tree, etc.): ce t.¤ gl. fructum, Wb. 3b29 . primiti a clainde ┐ primite a torud, Ml. 99b5 . inna primiti inna torud, 123c8 . anmmann a toraid inna crannsin, Sg. 61b3 . ni don torud, 61b13 . torad ngelglas a t.¤ toisech, Ériu ii 116 § 50. intan is apuid a cetna t.¤ , ib. secht toruid docuiredar, 118 § 54. is as gabsat Albain | ardghlain ailes toirthiú, Todd Nenn. 148.2 . uair gerraid sí 'n-a cínd toraid ┐ guirt ┐ fínemain, PH 7661 . dorata in talam a thoirthi, Ériu iii 4.12 (YBL). cróeb co trí toirthib ina laim deis, iv 138.30 . itté trí toraid robádar fuirre, ib. ubla ┐ toirthi parrdhais nomelit, ZCP i 250 § 10 . torthae in tire, Stair Erc. 482 . a chroinn úir an taraidh thruim, A. Ó Dálaigh xii 7. fa thoirthibh na talmhan, TSh. 3442 . Crop of fruit: trí toirthi fair cecha bliadne .i. ubla ... ┐ cnōe ... ┐ derccain, Dinds. 160.

In phr. fo thorud bearing a crop of fruit: fo thorud cech degmoine, SR 4336 . úraigfes foa lantorud, 4486 . rígaball fó rīgthorad, TBC-I¹ 1954 . co mbet fo thorud, PH 1255.

g s. as adj. fruitful: in corp criad nī crand toraid, ACL iii 238 § 14 . bíadsum gach tonn toraidh, ZCP x 347 § 15 . gēigbheangān blāidh buantaruidh, xii 380 § 7 . craobh tharaidh do thairrngir tonn, SGS iv 140 § 11 . gan degfonn, gan chúil turaid `fruitful nook,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.26 .

Metaphorically: cen nách torud deg-gnima, PH 4920 . tabhradh Doiminic re ndul | dúinn toradh na dtrí slabhradh, Dán Dé iv 17 . trí toirthe na mídheamhna, Donlevy 452.10 .