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1 adaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adaig or dil.ie/256
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aidche, oidche, adhaigh, hoidhche, adaig, aithchi, aidchi, aithche, aidche, aidchi, aithchi, adaig, aidchi, aithgi, aidhce, aidchib

n later also aidche, oidche. , f. (see GOI § 294 ). adhaigh f. (g s. na hoidhche ), IGT Decl. § 93 . Early forms: n s. adaig, Ml. 140c3 . a s. aithchi, 95d9 . aidchi, Trip.² 2451 . g s. aithche, Ml. 95d10 . aidche, 21c3 . d s. aidchi, 62c6b . aithchi, 30a4 . adaig, LU 4781 (TBC). n p. aidchi, Trip.² 279 . a p. aithgi, Thes. ii 242.13 (Ardm.) g p. aidhce, Moling § 2 . d p. aidchib, MU² 127 .

Night: a.¤ tar æsi laíthi, Ml. 21c3 . ni bí a.¤ daitsiu, 140c3 . co roleg in nord neclastacda uile i noen aidche, Thes. ii 308.3 . a.¤ imlan, SR 20 . nocho rabi a.¤ hi Maig Inis acht soillsi ainglecda and, Trip.² 2997 . nip sí sin a.¤ bá sámam dóib, LU 4683 (TBC). combo chomsolus lá ┐ a.¤ , 8056 ( FB 2 ). cach fer díb a aidchi do ḟairi na cathrach, each man had his night for guarding the town, 9051 (ib. 80 ). midmedón aidchi, MU² 219 . urd aen laithi no aon oidchi, Laws i 22.24 . scela na haidche arér, PH 3203 . is fri aidchi dodéchatar chuccae by night (= contra noctem, Lat. Lives 18 ), Trip.² 2452 . loisc . . . longport Amlaib re naidchi, `before nightfall', Cog. 32.10 . fuair Ioseph . . ./ ar chionn oidche . . ./ áit, a place to stop the night, DDána 17.7 . lá áluinn don oidhche gheimhridh / do-ghéanta . . ./ lá geal gémadh adhaigh é, 2.13 . gemhaidhchi geimridh, ZCP vi 59.9 . oidhcheadha tuirseacha, Job vii 3 . feis aidchi evening meal, see 2 feis. nocht .i. aidche, ut est tabair mo miach cruithnechta cach nochtai[d]chi sceo dee, O'Dav. 1285 . Of battle fought at night : cath for Gull, cath for Ergull ┐ dubadaig Immair 'the battle at Goll, the battle at Ergoll and the black night[-battle] of Immar (?)', B. in Scáil² 35 § 10 .

In accus., gen. and dat. as adv. of time. Accus.: in naithchi n-uili during the whole night, Ml. 95d9 . amal nongnetis ón gním in n-aithchi dorchi, 30a4 . ni gleter dala lasna Déisi acht in n-aidchi, Trip.² 2451 . canaid cét salm cech naidchi, Thes. ii 315.5 (Hy. ii). cach nómad n-aidche, BDD² 174 . cech noidci, ZCP iv 176 § 95 . nuall-ghul gach n-oidche, TSh. 6430 . adhaig n-aen ann, BNnÉ 310 § 35 . Prob. also: doluid Duaid . . . aidchi roboi cucu inna ndunad `D. went one evening to them into their camp', Ml. 55c1 . in aidchi in gene `on the night of the birth', Wb. 28c12 . suánemuin do dénum in aidchi, 24d14 , 26b17 . lasse immerordus in aidchi, Ml. 96a3 . in a.¤ -sin . . . ro-saerait na maccu, PH 412 . an adhaigh rug Muire mac, DDána 15.9 . an adhuighsin, TD 8.13 . tánag adhaigh go hEas gCaoille one night, 25.1 . Dat.: trissa n-ínnaide arane- tersi ind aidchi (?leg. isind a.¤ , edd.) `in the night', Ml. 42c23 . ind aidhche, Gael. 50, 128 (`at night', Blathm. 325 ). isind aidchi dudchoisgedar `on the night that follows it', Ml. 62c6b . ní airgénsat bíada dóib ind a.¤ sin, LU 4780 (TBC). In pl. Dia do adhradh aidhc[h]ibh laithib by night and day, ZCP viii 198.24 . Gen.: orggaid .c. fer cacha aidche diib, LU 5583 (TBC).

In phrase (n)d'a.¤ (where (n)d- is the remnant of the article, see GOI p. 161 ) that night (i.e. the night following a specified day): con-tuili íarom [i]nd adig (ndadig, ṅdadaig v.ll.), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 37 § 5 . faeiss ind ingen dádaig leis, LL 11308 . anais . . . ann a lla n-isin . . . ┐ in n-aidchi d'adhaig `that day and the following night', Ériu xii 146 § 7 (TE2). co fargdais cuit na aidchi d'ádaig until they should have left behind (sufficient for) the evening meal that night, TBC-LL¹ 1954 . an fer muirse anocht dot marbud himbaruch d'adhuigh, ZCP iv 176 § 95 . tigid . . . uili amārach d'agaid, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40.1 . Dun Gaillmhe do losccadh arabhárach d'adhaigh, AFM ii 1144.8 .

In reckoning periods of time (cf. Engl. fortnight, se'nnight): do galur tri noidhche, AU ii 28.3 . do trib cethorchait aidci `thrice forty nights', Mon. Tall. 136.8 (§ 24) . foidsi S. o ruan iii aithgi lais cu M. ┐ anis .iii. aithgi la suide, Thes. ii 242.13 (Ardm.). anait sidi leis trí laa ┐ tēora aidchi, Sc.M² 4 . re ré cethrachat aidhchi in corgais, Laws i 196.2 Comm. iar teora aidhcib, v 320.11 . damnatar la trí laaib ┐ aidchib ic ól, MU² 127 . ré cetheora n-oidhche con a láibh, Hugh Roe 30.18 . ro troicset trī lā cona n-oighthibh, Irish Texts i 43.28 . a.¤ longpuirt a night's encampment: aidce longphort (leg. -phuirt), CCath. 3444 . do batar a.¤ longphuirt inte, Ann. Conn. 1253.13 . badar da oidche longphuirt ag E., AFM iii 348.15 .

Eve of a day or festival: i n-aidche lúain (i.e. Sunday night), Ériu ii 206 § 26 . in ṅadaig ré notlaic, Fél. Dec. 24 . in his tribus noctibus .i. aidchi dardáoin aidchi sathairn ┐ aidchi ndomnaich, Mon. Tall. 132. 26 (§ 14) . o espartain aidchi domnaig co hanteirt día lúain, LU 1918 . dia Sathairn .i. oidche chásga Easter Eve, Ériu i 92 § 42 . aidchi fhele Laegairi, Lism. L. 268 . aidchi samna `the eve of samain', RC xxiv 178.17 .

See caidche.

airḟocal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airḟocal or dil.ie/1971

n (focal) antiphon: dí salm .x. canticorum(?) occo cona n-urfoclaib, LB 277b41 . canaid an airḟocul remeperta, 52 . tinnscna . . . aurḟocul na tri salm, 57 . canait uli in ḟurḟoccal sa, 278a47 .

aurradus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aurradus or dil.ie/5033
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: urradus

n u and o, m. (aurrae).

(a) native law . `The common law obtaining between members of the same `túath', oppd. to `cáin', a law imposed by a king (perhaps an over-king) or by the Church', Ériu xii 69 . See also Bürgschaft 75 n. a.¤ (urradus) ' current law' signifies the ordinary law current at the time of writing, whereas cáin 'book law' refers to the earlier state of affairs found in the commentaries of old law books Ériu lii 136 n. 39 , Literature and Politics in the Celtic World 199-200 , The Irish Jurist xxxiii 359 . See cáin. fēich erradais liabilities within the kin, Cáin Ad. 40 . nac[h] tan . . . bīt[h]er cen rīg isnaib tūathaib is brāthcāi fognī[at] etorra .i. fria urradus, Corm. Y 144 . Cf. tigradus .i. tigurradus, 1230 . ni coirpdire cana na urraduis é, O'Curry 1443 ( H 3.18, 644b ). coirpdire deisi i nurradus no aen duine a canaid . . . cid ima ndebert sin? . . . uair ni haicinta coirpdire cana d'fognam i nurradus cein fogabar i nurradus in coirpdire, 650 (ib. 314 ). saire ar fiachaib ata sin i nurradus ┐ nocho nuil saire ar biadh i nurradus amail ata a cain; ise fath fodera sin ar teirce bidh urraduis ┐ ar imad bidh a cain, 695 (ib. 336 ). da secht cumala eisein no cethre secht cumala urradhuis, 995 (ib. 426a ). inund ropdach na narm ┐ ropdach na slibri i nurradhus . . . acht in deithbhir uil eturro is i cain ata injury by weapons and by animals count equal in native law, O'D. 2319 ( Rawl. B 506, 33b ). is mo cumal cana na cumal urraduis . . . nocha mo seoit cana ina seoit urraduis, O'Curry 1207 ( H 3.18, 482ab ). coirpdire cairde ind . . . eraic . . . urradais ind, 1005 (ib. 428a ). brethamnus urraduis imurro in tan na bí rí sundradhach isin crích judgment according to native law, O'D. 632 (H 3.17, c. 470).

(b) the state of being an `aurrae'; leadership, supremacy: ? is deora nech ina crich urraduis ┐ is urra neach ina crich deoraidheachta, O'Curry 2334 ( Eg. 88, 26(27)a ). hi tir nad bi urrathus duit in which you have no standing, 2026 (H 4.22, p. 52) = urrus, 468 (H 3.18, p. 246). cach urrudus co deoraidecht / cach deoraidecht co hurradus, ACL iii 227.56 . ca tír a ḟuil t'urradhus?, Anecd. i 34 § 71 . dligim a hurradus d'iarraidh, / bunadas diamair a dind (of Banba), Ériu x 76 § 3 . ní trén th'urradhus, BS 16 . ar Mhagh Luirg . . . / dá n-áirmhinn a urradhas his supremacy, DDána 82.32 . Ó Briain ga mbí ar n-urradhus who rules over us, IGT Decl. ex. 1038 . ní dar íribh nó ar ábhacht / d'urradhas nó dh'éadánacht `in assurance or timidity', TD 17.60 .

(c) suretyship; guaranty: antí théid a ráithiges nó a n-urrughas, Triads 39 § 139 . ni laimter arratas ar cin a leten `responsibility', BCrólige 34 . Aedh epscop . . . in urradhas mna do shaoradh, Mart. Don. Feb. 7 . fúaslaicter di Mac Conglinne for errudus Picháin, MacCongl. 117.18 . gach dimain da leigfi rig (leg. ris?) beith a tír gan a cur ar urrudus without requiring him to find security(?), O'Curry 290 (H 3.18, p. 159). urradus .i. cin, 1478 (H 3.18, p. 654) `i.e. the liability of a surety', Plummer MS notes. cró ó inn dano, is hēisidh[e] saighes fine ar urradhas ar athathgabáil (sic), Ériu i 214.26 . ciniud sin do nach dlegar cis no cain . . . no ediri, no irradas . . . acht atitiu nama, Cog. 54.7 . biaidh misi a nurrudhas duit air, Gen. xliii 9 . má bhíonn tú a nurrugas ar do charaid if thou be surety, Proverbs vi 1 .

(d) Various: urramhas nachar dhluigh dhó / do chuir d'urradhas orra obliged them to show a respect (?) which was not his due, DDána 74.26 = IGT Decl. ex. 1026 . ? in cath ní heol nirradais, LL 276b32 = ní hórd i., SG 396.31 . ? clú . . . nó mórurradhnós (órnós v.l.) do bheith orm `reputation', ITS i 6.21 . Cf. lean d'urradhus ┐ d'éifeacht, MS. Mat. 565.24 . Perh. also with this meaning in: ar n-iomthus-ne ┐ ar n-urradhas, ML 112.27 .

ballorb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ballorb or dil.ie/5309
Last Revised: 2013

n (ball + orbb) the name of a member of a poetic grade, equated with the `cana', see 1 cana; lit. `partial heir´, i.e. one who has partial ability in poetry (?) UR 36 : b.¤ .i. ball d'forpa na filidechta occa . . . ┐ is do canaid is ainm b.¤ , Auraic. 4629. suide b.¤ bard, O'D. 2207 (Nero A vii, 143b). suith b.¤ bard, 1221 (H. 2.15, 86a). suide ballorb (balldorb, ollorb, v.ll.) admall admolta, UR 34 .19 . suide ballorb (balldorb, v.l.) bard, 34 .23 .

cáin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáin or dil.ie/7786
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cānae, cánanda, cánann

n i, f. Later also with dental and velar inflection. Note also g s. cānae, Cáin Ad. 48 . IGT Decl. § 201 . n p. cánanda, ibid. g p. cánann, ex. 2162 . See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 193 , O'Brien, Celtica iii 172 .

Law, regulation, rule; fine, tax, tribute. Precise legal significance difficult to define. Appar. regarded as statute law (a law imposed by a king, perh. by an over-king) or by the church ( Ériu xii 69 , Ir. Hist. Stud. xiii 101 - 3 ) in contrast to aurradus customary law. It is always more severe than the latter, ZCP xiv 339 . See Cóic Con. pp. 65 - 66 . Frequ. glossed by ríagail ( Laws ii 222.3 Comm. etc.). The wider meaning written law undoubtedly derived from the numerous monastic ordinances issued in the 8th cent., Thurn. ZCP xviii 396 . By annalists appar. equated with lex (see AU 733 , 736 , 766 and Index s.v. Law). In legal commentary, denotes the law as recorded in old books in contradistinction to aurradus which denotes current law ( The Irish Jurist xxxiii 359 , Literature and Politics in the Celtic World 199-200 , Ériu lii 136 n. 39 ).

(a) law as a system, set of regulations : c.¤ a canoine .i. regula , O'Mulc. 200 . cis lir cain i tir, na bi imaclaid la Feine?, Laws v 480.8 . ro suigideadh (? leg. for-suidigthea) na cana so o tosach domain, 480.22 . ata[a]t .iii. cáini (caine, MS.) nad chumgat comarbai do chumscuchud `there are three rules (servitudes) which heirs are not capable of changing i.e. three types of servitude to which one's land may become subject by adversative prescription', Ériu xvii 68 § 9 and note. c.¤ cach uisci thairidne .i. riagail inn uisce . . . , § 8 . comdire cach fri aroile i nnos chana, BCrólige 5 and note. it cetheora arag . . . fris-tobngiter na ceithri aur[r]athais: athgabail fri brat[h]a Cai, giall fri cain, etc., Bürgschaft 75.16 . adarbetar a cain ┐ rechtgi echtca sin, O'Mulc. 368 . Of the regulation for exacting satisfaction for injury (see (b) below): techta cana caich la derbfine .i. dliged na riagla tobaig caich, Ir. Recht 34 § 36 . fer cána the cáin lawyer: ca heiric bhias i nguairiuga[dh] cána, uair nar innis fer cána éiric inn i c.¤ , O'D. 873 ( H 3.17, c. 626 ). In phr. luige cána, see 1 luige. Contrasted with aurradus (see above): deithbirugh[ad] itir c.¤ ┐ urradus (one of the qualifications of a brehon), O'D. 925 ( H 3.17, 657 ). diablad coirpdire urradais sin, ┐ a da cutruma in diablad corpdire cana, Cóic Con. 38 § 51 . is doib do r[or]macht cain do cach duine da fuil airem eneclainne ar cumalaib i n-urradus, 50 § 97 . noco nfuilit ree nanta re athgabhala cána amhuil atá re athghabhála urradhuis, O'D. 621 ( H 3.17, c. 461 ) (see further under aurradus). Distinguished from cairde: imdích dliged a chéle cintaib cuir, c.¤, cairddi[u] co neoch atallen `he defends the rights of his clients in regard to liabilities arising from contract, written law and treaty(?)', Críth G. 340 and note. muna tabri c.¤ no cairde, BCrólige 43 and note. deichniubar aice ac denum cana ┐ cairde (of the aire désa), O'Curry 2057 (H 4.22, 64a). issed . . . doberar do . . . ar a chain, ar a chairde, ar a rechtnge, Laws v 520. 5 . See further under cairde.

Note further (from non-legal texts): is hí . . . cāin robūi . . . la Bretna: in biodba inna chinaid do neoch forsesed a chāin nō forūasnadfad a chāin, Corm. Y 883 ( Anecd. iv 76.3 ). ní duaichnid is í in ch.¤ ro mebaid and in tan ro gabad for loscad in tíre, BDD² 243 . hi ṅgíallnae nár choillet ith na blicht i nHérind tara ch.¤ téchtae, 921 . ar febus na cána ┐ in tṡída, 607 (of prosperous reign). is coll geisi ┐ cána dam-sa inní sin (the Paschal fire), Trip.² 448 . cia chollit araile in cánaid sea, LB 203b56 . ní dlig laech a enecland dia mbé i n-écmais a arm. conid c.¤ midlaig no ndlig fon samail sin law applying in the case of the m.(?), LU 6156 (TBC). ro leasaiged . . . fo chain lesaighthi, RC xliii 114 § 120 . c.¤ dilguda i.e. (Christian) doctrine of forgiveness, LU 9747 . foclaim rim chain is rim chubus / . . . na roaerus duine remhe by my troth, IT iii 86 § 89 . do fhregair in sámaid sin / a cánaib is a caingnibh, SG 69.18 . ón lá do cailleadh do ch.¤ when Thy law was broken (of the offence of Adam), Dán Dé xxviii 17 . In phrase do-gní c.¤ fri makes a law regarding: dogēna cāin fri banscāla, ACL iii 231.20 .

In names of particular laws or titles of tracts: is a Senchas Mar ro airletha na cetheora cano:— cain iarraid, cain saerraith, cain aicillne, cain lanamnussa techta, Laws i 40.21 . cain lanamna, ii 342 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 2 ). c.¤ aigillne, ZCP xiv 338 ff. cain airlicthe, Laws v 370.9 . cain dornn cliath, 474.13 .i. riagail na cleithi donither o'n durn, in cathcliath, 476.16 Comm. cain ona, 368.9 . cain othrusa `rule of nursing', BCrólige 25 . amail atberr a Cain techta bered darba, O'Dav. 629 = beridh darbha, muchaidh ainbḟios, etc., Ériu xiii 39.12 . in cain einech, 13.14 . ite na filidh do-bongad cain n-enech, 23 . In eccles. contexts: at éat so ceithri cána Erenn .i. cain Patraic gan [n]a chleirchiu do marbad, ┐ caín Adamnáin gan [n]a mna do marbad, Cain Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, ┐ Cain domnaig can toirimtecht etir, Fél. 210.31 ( Keat. iii 1705 ). forus chano Patricii hi Cruachnibh la Dubdaleithi `promulgation of the law of P.', AU i 258.5 (782). is i so tra in Cain Patraic, Laws i 18.1 . cutruma cumal cana Padraicc ┐ cumal cana Cormaic, O'Curry 577 ( H 3.18, 287 ). cain fuithribe, Laws iii 60.4 Comm. rith cana Patraic . . . r. c.¤ Diarmada . . . r. c.¤ boileachta . . . r. c.¤ Adamnain, O'Curry 2132 (H 4.22, 87b). mad iar gc.¤ Adamhnain, O'D. 673 ( H 3.17, 493b ) i.e. if the suit is brought under the law of A. (as oppd. to mad iar gc.¤ i.e. ordinary law), Plummer MS. notes. conid sí cētchāin lāithir for nimh ┐ for talmain Cāin Adomnāin, Cáin Ad. 21 . brithimain cānae Adomnān, 37 . bendacht . . . for anmain Adamnán . . . / rolā cāin forsna clanna, Thes. ii 306.4 (Hy. i). crannaig cana Darí ┐ Moling, O'Curry 343 ( H 3.18, 191 ). ni fil dithach .i. cain Dari .i. cain boslechta dia mbe tuarasdal cana Patraic ag nech, 2577 ( Eg. 88, 48 (49)d ). C.¤ Domnaig, title of tract on the observation of Sunday, Anecd. iii 21 = Ériu xx 151 .

(b) legal due, tribute : commotatio martirum Petir ┐ Poil ┐ Phatraicc ad legem perficiendam i.e. to exact the `cáin', AU i 188.12 (see further Index s.v. law ). conid desin dliges Ciaran cana coidcenda fo Erinn, YBL 171b12 . oc denamh a chana levying his tribute, Anecd. ii 12.13 . fo chánaibh Chiaráin, AFM ii 1096.8 . maor cána Adhamhnáin, 620.20 . LU 9376 . fó óenmám ┐ fo chís ┐ fo ch.¤ , LL 116 . commeít a ḟeraind . . . gan ch.¤ . . . gan ecendáil, 10073 ( TBC-LL¹ 3029 ). tucadh . . . a chana dligid do C. . . . nai fichit bo . . . , RC xliii 12 § 5 . co tuc caín esti, RC xvii 402.10 (Tig.). co nderna . . . c.¤ for cach tūeth, ZCP viii 316.20 . fer cāna a tributary(?), xv 336 § 28 . c.¤ ar na cnoibh tax on nuts, Aithd. D. 1.24 . ní cíos a-mháin ar Mumhain / bhíos acht c.¤ Í Chonchubhair, 7.12 . tug iomad maoine ┐ mórchánach as (of Armagh), Keat. iii 2974 . ó initt go caisg gan c.¤ / acht madh páin ┐ bioror `without (receiving) tribute save only bread and cress', ZCP i 64 § 105 . ní thabair cóir ina gcána / cóir Danair dá rádha rú, IGT Decl. ex. 2163 . fáoigfidh leth a gcos ad chána / dá mbeth cros gach ágha d'fir, ex. 49 . c.¤, dubhchíos no custum, Ezra vii 24 . fuagraim oruibh cain bhrisde focal penalty fine for breaking one's word, Luc. Fid. 4341 . Atonement (esp. of Christ's a. for Adam's sin): emenda .i. c.¤ , Ir. Gl. 98 . crann díola croinn na cána, Aithd. D. 88.3 . an té do choill an gcánaigh, A. Ó Dálaigh xiii 1 . ag so dhuit, a Dhia . . . / . . . an chalann 'n-a cánaigh féin, DDána 62.13 . íc ruibh do chuid don chánaidh / d'ḟuil Ádhaim duid a Dhúilimh, IGT Decl. ex. 2164 . Note also: mar ch.¤ an pheacaidh, Donlevy 348.23 .

In phrase cen ch.¤ (cheville): na ceil orm innis cen chain / ca lín dofaeth dom deslaim, RC xxiii 420.9 . can ch.¤ , LL 4381 . Cf. cain .i. cainte, O'Curry 94 ( H 3.18, 66 ).

cainnt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cainnt or dil.ie/7849

n f. Appar. vn. of canaid , perh. influenced by Engl. cant (see Celtica vii 188 ). f., IGT Decl. § 14 . Us. speech, talk, conversation : caint . . . foruirmed caint meblae fair, O'Mulc. 203 . a n-agaid chainti an chumhachtaigh sin (of decree of Jove), TTebe 1076 . isi caint bai fair, Laud 610, 19d (cited Plummer MS notes). d'éiliughadh cainte an chléirigh `to refute the cleric's word', Aithd. D. 53.14 . ann sgach cáint, Rel. Celt. ii 276.14 . caint ard do denum `to talk loudly', Rosa Angl. 230.6 . a bfhochair mhóráin . . . chainnte, Desid. 2593 . le mórán do chaint bhlasda, Proverbs vii 21 . creidte gníomh roimh chaint is cairt, Keat. Poems 1326 . ionar ngníomharthaibh ┐ ionar ccainntibh deeds and words, Párl. na mB. 1566 . As attrib. gen.: iomarbháidh chainnte verbal contention, Keat. ii 6284 . an tegh cainnte `the Speake-house', RSClára 14a . comhradh báoth, ná cnáid chainte, Ephesians v 4 .

As vn. act of speaking : ag caint ris, Gen. xvii 22 . ag caint ríu, xxix 9 . téd do chaint go cced na banabadh, RSClára 104a . See caíned.

1 cana

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cana or dil.ie/8119
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: -o, chano, chanand, cana, -ach, can, canu

n m. n s. also -o. Inflection varies. Orig. appar. nt, see GOI 208 , Wortk. 231 (`nomen agentis auf -ont' from ` canaid '). Later (?) also n and d. Uninflected throughout SCano (see xviii and cf. g s. in chano , LB 241a65 = chanand, 66 ). cana f., g s. -ach, IGT Decl. § 193 . Perh. (orig. ?) two distinct words in senses (a) and (b).

(a) cub, whelp : cano .i. cuilen mic tíre, O'Dav. 529 .i. is uada ata fotha canainde, F. c.¤ .i. cuilén, O'Cl. caitin, cailech, c.¤ , Laws v 472.30 .i. cuilen cen gnim, z Comm. ina comrith canannaib .i. an tan bis a comrith cum na cuilén, O'Curry 2511 ( Eg. 88, 42(43)a ). ? Cf. li dathpill / doss duilleach / dealbh canann, IT iii 96 § 153 . Transfd. of youthful warrior: maicne Echoch . . . / im Niall, im chanaid Cairne `including Niall, Cairenn's wolfwhelp', RC xxiv 184.z = chanaind, LL 19432 . díon ó gCuinn . . . / ar chanaidh fhuinn Teamhra tá (: cabhair) `whelp', Magauran 1418 . do chanaidh Mhuaidhe 1495 .

(b) poet of fourth grade (`Sänger', Heldensage 69 ): se gradha filed . . . .i. fochloc, macfuir[m]ed, doss, c.¤, clí, anradh, ollamh, IT iii 97.1 . cuairt retha canat (canait, v.l.), 31.18 taken as g s. Wortk. 231 . secht ngraid filed . . . cano, cli, anruth, ollum, Laws v 26.25 . Ériu xiii 32.11 . Laws iv 356.y . can, O'Mulc. 537 . canu, Laws ii 154.1 Comm. ard conn canad dicain emain . . . is ard in codnetu dono canuit, O'Dav. 1073 . c.¤ nomen graid filed .i. caintid, ar nī a[i]rchan cōrus a cherdae fīad rīghaib, Corm. Y 276 . sesca la cana (i.e. stories), Laws i 44.z . ni hārmiter na fosceóil acht do chethri grádaib . . . .i. ollam, anrath, cli ┐ cano, LL 24920 . in cano .i. cethra ba a eniclann, Laws v 66.17 Comm. seissiur du canait . . . / for cach feacht feili feithith, Auraic. 2239 . secht seoid do canaid , Laws v 66.1 . sē bā do c[h]lī . . . / a ceathair don c[h]āemc[h]anaid (: anait), ZCP ix 172.3 . glamh in chanad arin mnai, glamh in chli arín mac, IT iii 91.15 . dlighidh c.¤ cethrama gaoise, Ériu xiii 22.24 .

(c) chanter (Sages, Saints and Storytellers 27 § 13 ) ainm in chanand, ZCP iii 224 § 12 .

As n.pr.: ráith Chanand, Metr. Dinds. iv 156.143 . Scéla Cano, Anecd. i 1 ff. = SCano. grad C. is Créidi, LL 17155 . iugulatio Conamlo mic Canonn, AU i 154.3 . da coin Canann ciúil, Metr. Dinds. iii 122.41 . Cano Gall, CRR 8 .

Compd.: a ulcha gaill in dedbudanaig . . . canadgrecanaigh, IT iii 98 § 160 ; 'screaming like a whelp!' EIS 149 § 40 .

Cf. ca(u)nna.

canaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. canaid or dil.ie/8126
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: canu, caunu, cani, -chanai, canid, canith, canaid, canas, can, canmae, canma, canait, cantae, cantai, canir, canair, -chanar, canar, caniter, -cantar, chantar, cain, can, canad, canam, canum, canaid, cantar, noscanad, -chanad, chanad, chantaís, nochantais, cainte, -cantae, chanta, cantai, chanam, cachna, cachna, cachnaith, cechras, -chechnad, rocachnad, cachnaitis, ro-cachain, -cechainn, cáchain, cháchain, cachain, cachnaitir, cachnatar, cachnutar, cechnadar, ro-cét, ro-cet, ru-chét, cēt, -rochet, ro-chead, ro-ceta, rocheta, rocachaint, cétal, canamain, canta, cainnt

v Ind. pres. 1 s. canu, Ériu xvi 66.50 . caunu, ZCP xxi 281.15 . 2 s. cani, Thes. ii 249.2 . -chanai, SG 26.41 . 3 s. canid, Mon. Tall. 138.7 . canith, 130.24 . canaid , Thes. ii 315.5 . Rel. canas, Wb. 27b27 . LU 3804 ( SCC 37 ). can as, Blathm. 209 . 1 p. rel. canmae, Fél. Ep. 242 . canma, ZCP viii 198.15 . 3 p. canait, LU 1978 ( FA 5 ). Lism. L. 3879 . Rel. cantae, Fél. Dec. 28 . cantai, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . Pass. s. canir, Thes. ii 249.1 . canair, Fél. Sept. 11 . Ériu ii 16.17 . -chanar, Ml. 135a6 . Rel. canar, Thes. ii 252.5 . Mon. Tall. 138.19 . ZCP xi 110 § 23 . Pass. p. caniter, LU 3242 ( SCC 3 ). -cantar, Ml. 122c2 . Rel. chantar, Todd Nenn. 38.2 .

Ipv. 2 s. cain, Fél. Apr. 4 . can, ib. v.l. PH 8337 . 3 s. canad, Tec. Corm. 1.45 . Mon. Tall. 164.8 . 1 p. canam, Ériu ii 63 § 2 . canum, ZCP vi 262.5 . 2 p. canaid , Fél. 44.22 . Pass. p. cantar, TBC-LL¹ 806 .

Impf. 3 s. noscanad, Thes. ii 314.8 ( Hy. ii 25 ). -chanad, Rawl. 84a18 . no chanad , Fél. 10.x . Lat. Lives 63.3 . 3 p. no chantaís , LU 10134 . Rel. nochantais, Fél. July 30 . Pass. s. no cainte , Ml. 102c8 . -cantae, O'Mulc. 213 . no chanta , BDD² 124 . p. cantai, SG 411.11 .

Subj. pres. 1 p. cia chanam , RC xlvii 296.12 . acht co ro-chanumm, PH 6882 .

fut. 1 s. ? cachna, Ériu xiii 23.1 . 2 s. cachna, O'Dav. 601 . 3 s. ? cachnaith, SR 2694 . Rel. cechras (sic) .i. canfas, O'Dav. 342 . Condit. 3 s. -chechnad, Caithr. Thoirdh. 60.13 . ? rocachnad, Todd Nenn. 38.7 . Pass. p. ? cachnaitis, RC xiv 418 § 35 ( LL 12833 ). Later with f-future.

Pret. and perf. 3 s. ro-cachain, Ml. 48b11 (for redupl. vowel see GOI 425 where -cechainn, Ml. 64c22 , 66c12 is also discussed). cáchain, LU 3796 ( SCC 37 ). ro cháchain , 10619 . cachain, TBC-I¹ 258 . Ériu xiii 19.29 . 26.22 . cachain no rochachain, O'Cl. 3 p. cachnaitir, IT i 136.z (Comp. Con C., Eg. 2 ). cachnatar, RC iii 347.1 . ro cachnutar , Laws i 24.7 Comm. cechnadar, Dinds. 42 ( RC xv 433.6 ). Pass. s. ro-cét, Ml. 25b6 . 8 . 57d13 . Sc.M² 21 . ro-cet, Ml. 2b6 . Laws i 70.14 Comm. ru-chét, Ml. 64a13 . ro cēt , Corp. Gen. 406.10 . -rochet, SR 7533 . With act. sense ro-chead, RC xxiv 178.z . p. ro-ceta, Ml. 30a9 . Hib. Min. 6.186 . nad rocheta , Ml. 115b4 . rocachaint, RC xiii 48 § 31 .

Part. a mbas cete gl. cantato . . . mense, BCr. 32b5 . Vbl. of necess. donaib hí beta cheti `which are to be sung', Ml. 126c4 . Vn. cétal, canamain, canta, ? cainnt. IGT Verbs § 73 .

(a) sings, recites . With céol: cansit ceól, LU 3274 ( SCC 7 ). dot mac canar ar ceol, Blathm. 198 . ro chachain ceol, SR 4043 . With words meaning poem, etc. (somet. in sense composes): cachainsi . . . laíd, LU 3538 ( SCC 29 ). in aer . . . cantar . . . co indligthech, Laws v 232.11 Comm. ( ZCP xv 310.6 ). ae chanas ica gabail, Auraic. 409 . coro cachoin a guba `sang his dirge', Dinds. 95 ( RC xvi 47 ). conid de rocētt na raind si, ZCP vii 306.7 . chanas fuinn `that singeth songs', Proverbs xxv 20 . See Celtica vi 214 . Of birds: canaid na héanlaithe séis, Keat. Poems 74 .

In religious contexts sings, chants, recites (psalms, hymns, prayers): in tan cita-roichet in salm-sa, Ml. 44b4 . canir . . . biad, Mon. Tall. 131.6 . is amlaid canitir (leg. Lat. canitur?) in Pater, 140.4 . Adomnan . . . rocháchain in n-orthain seo, Rawl. 106b18 . do Chríst cachain ailli `unto Christ he sang praise', Fél. Apr. 26 . is ed chanait . . . Sanctus (of angels), MacCarthy 44.3 . canum don Choimdidh gl. cantemus Domino, Celtica iv 28.367 . dochanattar ind immon, BNnÉ 75.12 . do Chríst cachain figil, Fél. Dec. 8 . ro-chansat cántaic na glóri diada do, PH 4787 . do chan a thrátha, Acall. 1318 . Note also: cansat co léir a leighenn recited (of students), BNnÉ 96.18 . Of celebration of Mass: do chan int esbac . . . aifreann, ZCP xiii 181.2 . i-sin coilech-sin no-chanad Ísu hídpairt ┐ oiffrend, ZCP xvii 229.2 .

Of chanting of spells, prophecies, etc.: ro chansat-side brechta druidechta, LU 4027 ( SCC 48 ). for énchois . . . ro chachain doib in sin uile, BDD² 562 . canar dicheadol, Ériu xiii 24.10 .

Sings about, praises, lauds : trisin mbindius trissa cantar in gnimai hisin `with which these works are sung', Ml. 122c2 . ba moch canait a seíri, Misc. Hib. 17 § 5 . iss ed canas in cū cain / a marbad do milchonaib (the dog foretells by its barking), ZCP xiii 8.2 . da bfaghta fer finn-chechnad a man to commemorate him, Caithr. Thoirdh. 60.13 .

(a 2) composes : cīasu Dauīd rodas-can, | is dōibseom do-aselbtar 'although it was David who composed them, they are attributed to them' Éigse xvii 30 § 7 (= isaire eim doaisilbthar intpsailim dona persunnaib remepertaib cesu Duid aoenur rusgab, Hib. Min. 6.169 ).

(b) speaks, tells, announces, utters : ba bind for cach na canaind, LU 1301 . atchuala an ra chansat (of conversation), TBC-LL¹ 136 . inní rochan in t-ainm ogaim announced, 583 . da chan tigerna in toigi `cried out', Ériu iv 112.17 . ro chan riu feb at rubairt D. fris, MR 50.13 . cia nach can `who says not so?', Dán Dé xxvi 36 . adfedhut [na techta] do ar'chansat ┐ ar'canad friu, Marco P. 30 . With specific objects: ro chansad a n-aithiosga ris `announced . . . their proposals', CRR² 11 . is brég rocanuis, ZCP vi 91.5 . cach clessach na chanad cheilg / manach sein sin Gaedilg, LL 18013 . ro canad fírcháin faeilte friu, Acall. 2795 . ní chanuit gó tria bhithu `never tell a lie', Marco P. 179 .

With follg. vn., or noun-clause: canaim . . . / truagh nach áonfhras tíre atá I declare, SGS iv 62 § 10 . ro chan Día . . . an téigen d'furtacht, BNnÉ 4.7 . canfaither . . . / nach am rig ruanaid (leg. rígr.), MR 120.12 .

Gramm.: Muimhnech, Éleach . . . ┐ gach tír eile chantar do bhainindsce of the feminine gender, IGT Decl. § 18 . trí hórmharg, lochdach ó nach cantur é, Introd. 8.32 .

Various uses with prepp.: conid dibsin ro chead in seanchaid those are the subject of the s.'s lay, RC xxiv 182.15 . is dó rochēt it is of him this was sung, ZCP viii 327.33 . mar do chanais tréan Eoghain / do Fhraoch `as you ascribed Eoghan's power to F.', Content. v 162 . is hē a lecht canair dōu . . . madan i n-Ūachtur Ocha this is the grave foretold for him . . . (in the) battle of U.O., ZCP xii 238 § 62 . cantar Cáilli in druadh / re crích fir na n-arm rindfuar `the territory . . . is called', Ériu iv 226.25 . créad an chúis fa gcantar abhall / ret fhiodhbhaidh chorcra why is thy . . . wood called apple? (to the Cross), DDána 2.7 . cristaidi nochanadh fein fris `called himself a Christian', Marco P. 64 . ní uime mar gach n'asbal / rí an chruinne do chanasdar did not speak of him (Judas) as of all the (other) apostles(?), Dán Dé i 11 . port ór canadh CaisealChorc was named, DDána 74.7 . an Niall ór canadh clann Néill, Aithd. D. 17.6 .

In cheville: i nDaim Liac Ciannāin canair / marb hua ciallmair Congalaig `thou singest', Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 25 .

canait

Cite this: eDIL s.v. canait or dil.ie/8128

n f. (cf. canaid , Thurn. ZCP xix 189 ): c.¤ scel co n-ernaither fine a gú scel (in list of women to whom neither díre nor lóg n-enech is due), O'Curry 1231 ( H 3.18, 494 ) ( Laws v 176.3 ). Thurn. loc. cit. restores on basis of four MSS as: canait scēl co n-ērniter [ō] fini a gū-scéla `eine Ausposaunerin von Klatschereien', Cf. 1 cana.

canamain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. canamain or dil.ie/8130

Forms: -amna, c., canamhain

n f., g s. -amna. c.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 10 . Late vn. of canaid . canamhain, IGT Verbs § 73 . cechla .i. c.¤ , O'Dav. 380 . teinn .i. radh no canamuin, Ériu xiii 54 § 5 . Cf. tenn .i. c.¤ , O'Dav. 1547 .

(a) As vn. act of singing, chanting : fáth far' chnesda a c.¤ `why it is seemly to sing of it', Metr. Dinds. iii 58.60 . ? ciol is cle re a ccanamhain, Metr. Gl. D.41 . eala ag canamhain ceoil, Aithd. D. 5.22 . canamhain na salm, Mac Aingil 3601 . Of speech: iolair na haghaidh . . . do chanamhain that many should speak against it (i.e. truth), Content. viii 21 .

(b) chant; less precisely speech, word: lenis cantus .i. c.¤ mīn ālgen do Dia chanting, ZCP v 497.20 . is canamhain choitcheand dictum, ITS xxix 114.8 . `gutha', `consoin', nō a lethēd ele do chanamhnuibh words, Celtica i 96.273 . don airdréim chleachtar i gcanamhain Ghaoidhilge, Hackett² xviii 2 . canamhuin is measardha ná dlíghe na ndámh, Párl. na mB. 2350 (`canon' (?), Gloss.).

Gramm. `anomalous form' ( IGT Decl. Introd. iv ): canamhain ag cuid díbh (of list of nouns), IGT Decl. § 41 . fregra (acht canamhain aige), § 1 . úaibreach do chanamhain atá, úabrach an cert, § 17 . eadradh . . . na headarthacha leis aigi ó chanamhain (i.e. besides the regular n pl. eadraidh and eadartha it has eadarthacha), § 49 . As descript. gen.: comhfhocal canamhna (not to be used as a prefix), Introd. § 100 . bádhadh guthaidhe comhfhocuil canamhna (of formation dáonfhoghaitsgíath etc.), § 144 . Note also: gan ēirghi do ch.¤ ghnáthaigh achd le deimhin bhfoirceaduil as fearr inás í not to depart from ordinary usage(?), § 102 .

canta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. canta or dil.ie/8167

forms of vn. of canaid : i néccmais . . . aosa c.¤, ceileabraidh ┐ caomh-oiffici chanters , BNnÉ 235.11 . fear a g-c. do rona ar an bh-Féinn `who used to bestow their songs', Oss. iv 52.22 .

cantaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cantaid or dil.ie/8170

n [i, m.] (cf. canaid ): a ainm in chano a ch.¤ , ZCP iii 224 § 12 n. 3 . cana . . . .i. c.¤ iarsinní chanas córus a cherdi, Thr. Ir. Gl. 11.4 . See cáinte.

cantain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cantain or dil.ie/8171
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -ana

i, f. (with pl. -ana), late vn. of canaid .

(a) act of singing, reciting, chanting; uttering : Segais a h-ainm . . . / ria c.¤ duit in cach thír `to be sung by thee', Metr. Dinds. iii 26.10 . aei [ḟ]reslígi riaha c.¤ i nænbhaile, IT iii 68 § 9 . ór firindi do c.¤ do cethri drudib fair (of tairbḟes), LU 3452 ( SCC 23 ). a cetul .i. a aisnes no a cetch.¤ , Fél.² xcvi.y . tria na c.¤ fochetoir (of diphthongs), Auraic. 972 . a naiti[ti]n a chantana ina fiadnaise, O'Curry 1891 ( 23 P 3, 22b ). o fir a cantana doib the man who repeats it (of satire), Laws v 234.14 Comm. is e dorat oraib-si in bréc do ch.¤ , BB 210b36 . briathra fíri do chantain frit `to say', CCath. 630 . ac c.¤ in comráid sin, Caithr. Thoirdh. 65.35 . imad a aingel . . . oc c.¤ chiúil, LU 2024 ( FA 9 ). In religious contexts: niconeirged cen pater do c.¤ , Mon. Tall. 140.9 . altóir . . . fria c.¤ ernaigthe, Celtica iv 30.423 . oc c.¤ a salm, ACL iii 308.19 . caoin-léaghan do rádh na do chantaind, Celt. Rev. x 134.12 .

(b) speech, chant; incantation, prediction : in ecnairc gusin c.¤ tucas fein uirre, Laws v 506.22 Comm. tria brichtu ┐ dicetla ┐ cantana nolúited . . . cach maigin `incantations', Dinds. 18 . cumbri cantana (sic MS), Hib. Min. 41.28 . LL 371c47 . ceirti na cantana, ZCP viii 200.17 . go mad isin guthaige nobeth forpa na cantana indiph pronunciation, Auraic. 3003 . tancatar na tri cantana sin `predictions', Cog. 12.5 . a cc.¤ cnede ar cach duine infliction of wounds by incantation (?), O'D. 2372 ( Rawl. B 506, 44d ; ? leg. accantain = athchantain, Mar. Dis. 100 .).

In legal texts version: deithbhir (na) na cantana fodera dam in da ghné sin do scribhadh, O'D. 213 ( H 3.17, 169 marg.). c.¤ eile another version, 140 ( H 3.17, 117 marg.).

cantol

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cantol or dil.ie/8179

n fa mor maccan oc c.¤ / an tan tigmis co Caisi[o]l chanting , Mór M. 268.12 . Cf. canaid , etc., canndól ?

caóc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caóc or dil.ie/8182
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: các

n ā, f., later các (? onomatopoeic, Celtic Language, Celtic Culture 156 ) jackdaw : monedula .i. caog, Ir. Gl. 201 . cúig seoit do smacht isin cuirr ┐ isin caoig(h) ┐ in cach neisrecht (as a pet), O'D. 439 ( H 3.17, 338 ). caóg ar crois `daw on a cross' (of dead pig), Hermathena ci 35 § 58 ( Irish Texts i 32 ). ben . . . canaid scél .i. . . . amuil cabhoig oc innisin scel ngua, O'D. 1167 (H 2.15, 43 (67)b). amail coic oc indisin cach ruin, Laws v 176.13 Comm. gáir na gcág, O'Rah. 78.102 .

caraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caraid or dil.ie/8212
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -carim, -cairim, caraim, -caraim, -caru, -cari, carid, caraid, -cara, carthai, caras, charas, caris, carthar, -charam, carait, charaíd, -carat, cartae, cardda, carda, carde, cartar, car, carad, caram, carid, -carid, -carad, carad, carthae, -chartais, carddais, cardáis, care, -charae, -carae, cara, -rochra, -chara, cara, -carat, -carad, -charad, cechar, -cechra, -cechra, cechras, -chechrat, -cechrainn, carais, carois, -cair, carsait, carsat, charus, rob-car-si, ro-car, arro-car, char, rondob-carsam-ni, charsat, charsad, ros-carsat, serc, carthain, carthi

weak vb. with reduplicated fut. on analogy of canaid ( GOI 402 ). Ind. pres. 1 s. -carim, Wb. 5c7 . -cairim, 23c12 . caraim, Thes. ii 293.16 . -caraim, Ml. 79d1 . -caru, Fél. Ep. 311 . 2 s. -cari, Wb. 6c8 . 3 s. carid, Wb. 25d5 . caraid, Ml. 75c4 . -cara, Wb. 27d9 . With suff. pron. 3 s. m. carthai, Fraech 10 . Rel. caras, Wb. 25c19 . Ml. 91b17 . charas, 30c3 . caris, Thes. ii 247.4 . Pass. rel. carthar, Ml. 75c4 . Sg. 193b3 . 196b4 . 1 p. -charam, Fél. Prol. 134 . 3 p. carait, Ml. 124d13 . ? charaíd, BB 40b1 . -carat, Ml. 123c8 . Wb. 5c6 . Rel. cartae, Ériu iii 7.14 . cardda, TBC-LL¹ 1655 ( cardid, TBC-I¹ 2413 ). carda, ZCP x 339 § 16 . carde, ACL iii 313 § 12 v.l. Pass. rel. cartar Ml. 78a2 . Ipv. 2 s. car, ZCP iii 448.6 . 3 s. carad, Wb. 22c19 . 23c12 . 25a35 . 1 p. caram, Fél. Prol. 264 . 2 p. carid, Wb. 27d11 . -carid, Ml. 68a15 . Impf. 3 s. -carad, Wb. 23d10 . carad, Bruchst. i 55 § 2 . Ériu xiii 34.27 . Pass. carthae, Fél. May 9 . 3 p. -chartais, Fél. Nov. 16 . carddais, LMU 17.41 . cardáis, Metr. Dinds. iii 104.10 . Subj. pres. 2 s. care, Ml. 43a21 . -charae, 56b31 . -carae, 39 . Ériu i 199.6 . cara, 202.2 . 3 s. -rochra, Wb. 6d1 . -chara, LU 5797 . ro cara , Laws ii 210.14 . 3 p. -carat, Wb. 11b6 . Impf. 3 s. -carad, Ml. 14a8 . Wb. 4d17 . -charad, LU 3269 ( SCC 6 ). fut. 1 s. ? cechar, SG 396.23 . 3 s. -cechra, ZCP iii 449.6 v.l. (-cechraear, text). -cechra, O'Dav. 459 . ZCP xii 364.30 . ? Cf. atcechra, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 25 . Rel. ? cechras, O'Dav. 342 . 3 p. -chechrat, Wb. 30c4 . ZCP xii 364.31 . Condit. 1 s. -cechrainn, Auraic. 534 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. carais, Fél. Jan. 15 . carois, ACL iii 220 § 3 . -cair, Thes. ii 328.2 . 3 p. carsait, Fél. Mar. 15 . carsat, Hail Brigit 13 . With ro: 1 s. rot charus , LU 6084 . 3 s. rob-car-si, Wb. 23d4 . ro-car, Ml. 65d5 . Blathm. 133 . arro-car, Sg. 193b1 . 196c3 . rot char , Blathm. 134 . 1 p. rondob-carsam-ni, Wb. 25a35 . 3 p. ro charsat , Fél. May 8 . ro charsad , Snedg. u. Mac R 9.2 . ros-carsat, Metr. Dinds. i 46.2 . Vn. serc, later carthain. Vbl. of necess.: bad carthi gl. amatus sit, Sg. 148a2 .

(a) loves (persons): nád carad som Iudeiu, Wb. 4d17 . carad uir mulierem, 22c19 . carsus fiadhu, Snedg. u. Mac R 11.5 . rot charus ar th'airscélaib I have fallen in love with thee, LU 6084 (TBC). nít charadar nít tágedar, TBC-LL¹ 2032 = -chara, LU 5797 . car do chomnesam amal no-t-cara fén = dilige proximum, PH 5837 . gé no charfuinn fiche fear, KMMisc. 362.7 . a fhir Chola charuid mná `beloved of women', SGS iv 62 § 10 . ní charabh bean tsean ná óg, Dánta Gr. 78.11 .

With Vn. in figura etymologica: frisin seirc rocar Crist in n-eclais, Ml. 65d5 . don t-seirc rochar mac in Oicc Chaire hEabarbaithi, RC vi 191.10 . sercc tecmuis rotcaruis, iii 344.14 . ? caem rocarsat a cairdeas, BB 412a16 .

Note also: car Diaa, cechdat (? leg. cechratat) (cechdut, cechtat, v.ll.) cach love God, all will love thee, ZCP iii 448.6 .

(b) loves (things): inna tuari no cari, Wb. 6c8 . an ro chara, dagné dímsa do what you like with me, Fraech 272 . ní charand mo menma múad, LU 3964 ( SCC 45 ). sliocht Cathaoir Mhōir . . . / do char Frémhann, Butler Poems 10 `to whom the High-kingship was hereditary?' n. dēde nād carann duine / a aor ┐ a ghuidhe, ZCP vii 298.6 . la Māel Dūin / nād charad cuindeilg, Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 35 . carsam cāemhacht, ZCP vi 258.3 . nā carum crāes nā cinaidh, 264 § 13 . níor char fód oile acht Éirinn, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 8 § 2 . Goll nár char séad, Oss. iv 52.18 .

(c) loves, likes (actions) (with follg. vn.) : carais Reachtabra a dinge / co lar Cilli Cluana, BB 299b5 . carsat boith i nAlind aird, Hail Brigit 13 . mainipdis gnāth / nī cara (caire v.l.) cāch cosg a bāise, ACL iii 295 § 16 . trōethad inna hainngide (n-a., v.l.) / carait (carde, v.l.) dēnam huilcc, 313 § 12 . fothragad uiscce ḟūair / isin gháoith cruaidh rochara, ZCP i 66.121 . ro charsat sidhe a cloidhmeadh . . . ┐ ro ḟuathaighsiot a ḟuasccladh, AFM v 1754.10 .

cétal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cétal or dil.ie/8886

o, n. vn. of canaid . See GOI 70 , 75 . act of singing; song : ceadal .i. cantain no innisin, O'Cl. a binniusa, a cētla (of Ireland), Ériu iv 163.11 . don chetal chāidh, Anecd. i 74 . fīr dom cēdul (chev.), ZCP viii 196.22 .

In bibl. and eccles. contexts act of chanting, reciting; chant, psalm : cetal ind sailm, ref. to psalmus decantatus est, Ml. 24d14 . du chetul gl. ad cantandam, 33b7 . gl. ad canendum, 107b4 . inna cetal gl. canticorum, 72a2 . á cétal nuae gl. canticum nouum, 60a12 . son in chétail `chanting', Thes. ii 320.4 (Hy. ii). ō Chríst nād cétla celar whom chants proclaim, Thes. ii 352.1 (Hy. vi). a cétol (: éton) `to sing it' (a saint's day), Fél. June 1 . co cetlaib spirtaldaib ref. to psalmorum, Trip.² 3006 . cen pater do chetul, Mon. Tall. 140.10 . oc cetul a shalm, LB 213b58 . cora ceatal ┐ ceól (a monastery), Measgra D. 59.31 .

In literary contexts: dodonairb iar cetul chreth, LL 24260 . drecht d'écsib ceta bátar / cardaís tractad cech cetail (: Ētair), 21253 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 104 ). In names of metres (see rochetal): cetal na hailgise, IT iii 62 § 124 . See aisnéis, 1 cenn, 1 nóad, roscadach. ceadal .i. rann, Lec. Gl. 445 . Of spells, incantations: dichetal . . . druadh do chetal fair, IT iii 187 § 8 . doluid . . . L. ō drai[d]ib docetol forrosum, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 311 ). rocan ce[t]la ┐ tincetla druad forro, CCath. 953 . Of a musical instrument: mo thimpán . . . / . . . caem a chédail (: thédaib), SG 248.41 .

cóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cóir or dil.ie/10380
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: co(a)ïr, cooir, cáir, cocorib, cáir, -a, -e

adj i Orig. co(a)ïr ( coair: doaib, Fél. Ep. 432 (coir MSS), cooir, SR 1102 ). Later often cáir (see Bard. Synt. Tr. cited below). See OIPG 20 .

1 In physical sense even, well-proportioned, straight : mná córi, LU 3887 ( SCC 40 ). fer c.¤ cutrumma, LL 11917 (TBC). a dá malaig chóiri, BDD² 853 . do grúadaib córaib, Ériu iii 100 § 25c . mani dirgisiu corop c.¤ unless you right it (a leaning house), LU 8394 ( FB 27 ). lenti . . . cori, Cog. 160.y . in cruindi cōir, ZCP viii 114 § 1 .

2 proper, correct, right; suitable, fitting, just : int ord coir, Ml. 29a6 . tara cricha corai, 51d3 . a siansu corai (a p.), 94c3 . taithesc coir, Wb. 27c29 . ? cocorib gl. congruentibus (uerbis), Enchir. Aug. 81a ( ZCP vii 483 ). ríasind trath c.¤ , Mon. Tall. 131.19 . cách 'na cert c.¤ , ZCP viii 200.4 . a comairci cāir, BColm. 88.24 . cauraid cára (: rodána), Rawl. 158.17 . is anima as choair hi sunt a. is the correct form, Ml. 130c10 . ba hed ón ba ch.¤ , Wb. 10b9 . ar ni c.¤ in fotha utmall, Sg. 4b3 . ind pennit bes ch.¤ fort-su `the penance that is meet for thee', Mon. Tall. 130.23 . damadh c.¤ é if it was right (a grammatical procedure), IGT Introd. 29.33 . bés nī bat cōrai just (of persons), ZCP viii 318.32 . Legal: teora tomalta ata chórai, Críth G. 502 . flaith ciniuil coir, Laws ii 202.24 . a mama core, BCrólige 43 . eallach déne cóire, Ériu xiii 18.16 . With n. pr. in voc. a mmo ch.¤ Cathaīr, Fing. R. 484 . a Ch. chóra (: chróda), CRR 26.y (ch.¤ , 4.11).

3 is c.¤ with follg. verbal or vn. clause: is coir a tuic i ndiad á prosperum , Ml. 84c19 . is coir a thabairt doib (sc. tributa), Wb. 6a21 . ni coir descad pectho do buith i sollumun, 9b13 . ba coir ce na chomalnithe you ought to fulfil it, 13a33 . is c.¤ apronomen diainchosc, Sg. 208a4 . is cōir cīa noderba it is fitting that you should confirm it, ZCP viii 108.9 . gan caoineadh na gcorp is cáir, Ó Bruad. ii 122.9 . c.¤ with semi-adverbial force: mé Eba . . . c.¤ is me dochóidh 'sa crand `by rights 'tis I that should have gone upon the cross', Ériu iii 148 § 1 . cáir do-chuaidh na chomhoideacht fittingly , DDána 73.21 . c.¤ do ghabh T. ré dtaoibh, Content. iv 44 . Cf. is coir do marbhus, Stair Erc. 2215 . See compds. with vbs. With added DO: ni coir do neuch rosacht ronícad Duaid one should not hesitate, Ml. 18d20 . doadbadar híc as coir do chách guide dée lia chéle, Wb. 7a13 . ba coir dúibsi cia doberthe testas dinni you should bear witness, 15d8a . amal as coir domsa gl. sicut est mihi iustum, Wb. 23a21 . c.¤ dhó dol 'n-ar sealbha, Dán Dé viii 17 . With LA: ní coair leu a denum gl. minus dignum est, Ml. 48a8 . issed is choir lais . . . inda sacairt doellad . . . arna tiagsad fo graid nepscuip in his opinion erring priests should not become bishops, Mon. Tall. 134.11 .

4 Compar. and superl. ba coru tra bid adnuntiabit no beth híc a. is the better form here, Ml. 45b14 . conid córu suiscélaigthi da rád fris quam fáith, Trip.² 12 . eirg do Themraig . . . Is córu deit, BDD² 149 . nech dar córa creidemain (with intensive force?), BNnÉ 227 § 130 . cára almsa lem anmuinn, Hackett li 16 . coraite a taithmech `it is all the more proper', Ériu xvii 66.19 . go madh córaide dhó sin do dhéanamh `that he might the more easily do this', Keat. ii 3495 . ba sí . . . as córam, BDD² 41 .

5 Adv. co c.¤ gl. effecax, Ml. 69d12 . go c.¤ properly , Celtica i 95.238 . Without co: ferr co mbad chōir nogabtha | comarbus in Rīg, ACL iii 316 § 45 , CMCS i 50 . ? cōic bliadna cethrachat cōir, Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 46 .

As subst. i, f. (in older lang. often with nasalisation of follg. vowel; n., Críth Gabl.). c.¤ , cáir f., IGT Decl. § 42 (g s. -a, -e). Only c.¤ (as against cáir) correct in verse in phrases ar c.¤ , c.¤ gháoithe, Bard. Synt. Tr. 5.29 . Freq. with k- inflection in later lang.

6 rightness, justness, propriety; that which is right or proper; right, due, justice : ro laad cech alt asa choir dam gl. totus resolutus sum, Ml. 44d2 . find cach c.¤ , ACL iii 229.126 . cona tochmaghad a choir cirt, Ériu xiii 17.16 . do ná gaibhter a coir chirt, 31.5 . coir iar n-ecoir, Laws i 254.12 . do reir cora, v 62.33 Comm. do reir coir, 132.10 Comm. ma dognethea a choïr if you did right, ZCP vii 498.7 . fa cheart córa mo bhaile, KMMisc. 56.11 . a coraigh ┐ a n-egoraigh, Hy Maine 161.3 . fer . . . congbala corach for in popul `maintaining the law', PH 2578 . fagháil na cóire, IGT Decl. ex. 1166 . ag cosnamh a gcórach, 1170 . ar an córaidh right (in their teaching), Mac Aingil 6696 . más í a ch.¤ for that is fitting (chev.), SG 390.6 . ar son . . . na cōra, Beatha S. F. 356 . dí maithtear c.¤ na cána the full amount(?), A. Ó Dálaigh vii 8 . an ch.¤ the correct (weight), TSh. 3636 . atorra sin atá in ch.¤ `between them is the golden mean', SG 242.7 . Cóir Anmann `Fitness of Names' (title of tract), IT iii . In phr. tar in cóir: maoin tar an ccóir 'more wealth than you should have', Ériu lxiii 56 § 30 .

7 See also s. córanna. In sense of claim, due, tribute; hence recompense, compensation, penalty, retribution, punishment (partic. in relig. class. verse): ba mor a chair ┐ a chonach, YBL 159b15 . gan coir as O. . . . ar son mairt do gait T. O. not to be held liable for(?), Trans. RIA xv 19 . do ch.¤ aca nī anfodh, O'R. Poems 2254 `what is justly yours', Gloss. da ndernum cáir if I claim my due, Ériu iv 220.17 . ata coir fer talman air ┐ ní fail a coir ar aennech acu, Stair Erc. 702 . gurab orra sin amháin bhíos a ch.¤ (of death), TSh. 754 (`power, authority', Gloss.). do gheabhadh sé c.¤ it ḟeirg `will bring on you punishment', Content. xix 6 . sgaoil do ch.¤ an chíghshéala `lessen the just claim', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 7 `requital for', Gloss. c.¤ ghuine Dé the price to be paid for, Aithd. D. 64.25 . na lean c.¤ meidhe an mheasa, Dán Dé vii 16 . maithiomh cóire m'anma `the offences of (claims against) my soul' (notes), LBranach 3616 .

8 Freq. with follg. gen. correctness, correct form (of); proper (legal) arrangement (for); procedure, device, means (of doing someth.): tre cōir bæguil ar demhan a chance of catching the devil napping, Irish Texts i 42.z . coir n-urnadhma `das Ordnungsmassige' (`hier ist es vornehmlich materiell zu verstehen'), Stud. in E. Ir. Law 109 . nídamcuirfe ar ch.¤ cháirde `reduce me to terms of postponement' SG 111.44 . inna coir chétmuinterasa as an accredited c.¤ , Críth G. 200 . dún iona cáir cinnlitre `a fort as it were a capital letter', Ériu v 60.4 . c.¤ clann a chúil arrangement of locks, Magauran 906 . co na hirmaised coir a dhenma the right method of making it, Anecd. ii 7.3 . ní hí an choir égára is fherr unfair method(?), Rel. Celt. ii 291.10 . c.¤ gaíthe favourable wind: techt la reith choir gaithe `with an unfavourable wind', Ml. 126a5 (leg. la frithchóir gáithe ? note). dorala coir gaethi dóib, LL 1654 . coir na gaithi, Ériu v 156.179 . So also: robu ḟearr in choir dunn co S. inas co hE. etir risin gaeth sin, BB 459a39 . coir seolta, 450a20 . c.¤ gáoidhilge correct pronunciation, IGT Introd. 14.z . dēni cōir ṅgaiscid frim fight fair, TBC-I¹ 1289 . c.¤ n-imdegla means of defence, LL 8437 (TBC). tri chōir nindlaig ┐ imc[h]osāidi in order to create division and strife, TBC-I¹ 2237 . c.¤ irnigde `the right way of prayer', Wb. 4a27 . hi coir lanamnusa `in a proper union, BCrólige 56 . coir molta .i. molad laech do forlaéch, BB 301b46 . c.¤ ortagraiph (sic leg.), Corm. 8 s.v. Cormac = ordagraiffe cōir, Corm. Y 204 . tre ch.¤ séisi `skilful arrangement', ZCP i 64 § 81 . coir cach troiscthe `das ist ordnungsmässig bei jedem Fasten', xv 262.1 . c.¤ tuarastail a fair recompense, Metr. Dinds. iii 352.54 . Perh. with ellipse of noun in: dochansaidhe c.¤ , Ériu xiii 42.17 . canaid c.¤ / coscrach cridemail, LU 8694 ( FB 52 ) (perh. adv.). With adj.: c.¤ tessaide `a febrile (pestilence)', Ann. Inisf. 1093. 10 . See athchomarc, athgabáil, cethrochair, comrád etc.

9 In prep. phrases (see Celtica i 349 and comair): ar ch.¤ choróine in the form of, Dán Dé xx 21 . ? fótha ar c.¤ troda, IGT Decl. ex. 1049 . do coir a coinghilla `by right of', Laws i 266.7 . dá coir near it, BCC 51 . ó nach fuil comhghar dhar gc.¤ (: seanóir), Ériu i 16.15 . cunnig dam mnaí menmnag móir / bess ria c.¤ mo theglaich thúaid, LL 29524 `who can watch over', Ériu vii 232 . re c.¤ mara (: dóibh) beside, LBranach 778 . re coir a cheilebartha `for the purpose of', MR 300.12 . a gc.¤ feadhma ready for, LBranach 6246 . a c.¤ (ar ch.¤, v.l.) druidealta ar dorchacht like, IGT Decl. ex. 672 . tiagait . . . A. ┐ S. a coir a seda co sruth A., Aen. 1311 . tangattar i cc.¤ thurasa d'fios a ttíre fén on a journey, BNnÉ 12.10 . Cf. iar coir Parduis towards P., SR 1180 .

10 In adv. phrases: ní thaudchaid a brú for c.¤ never recovered, LU 6078 (TBC). a thabairt fór c.¤ , PH 2128 . co ná rabhadar rechta nó cinnti senaidh ar coir occo `were rightly with them', CCath. 251 . nī bīat rīg is nī bīat suïdh for a coïr as they should be, ZCP viii 195.12 . fon c.¤ cetna in the same way, Rawl. 87a48 . cona facbatís cnáim . . . i c.¤ re cheli, LB 154a61 . gan clērca iar cōir `without proper clergy', Ériu xviii 60 § 12 . co no fil iar n-a choir, PH 4239 .

11 Compds. With nouns: coir aisneis, Laws i 80.27 Comm. a chóirchloch `o chiselled stone', O'Gr. Cat. 492.33 . i gcóirchuibhreann, DDána 20.24 . coirdírgi, BDD² 31 . coirseis gl. corus, Laws i 132.3 Comm. With adj.: cúinge an chreidimh chóirshlighthigh, Ó Bruad. iii 80.24 . With vb. cairemain .i. is coir-fuaiprid (etymol. gl.), Laws v 106.21 Comm. cōir fūaigt[h]er, Corm. Y 340 (crūach). Perh. as conj. Part. in: nad coir canad do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 17.5 (= c.¤- chanat ?). niba hegna nad coir coiccerta canoin, 31.13 .

comchosmail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comchosmail or dil.ie/10932

adj (cosmail) (exactly) similar: conmestar a aes . . . fo Choin Culaind c.¤ , LU 8454 ( FB 30 ). canaid cóir coscrach . . . frisin Coin Culaind c.¤ , 8696 ( 52 ). aos . . . comhaós comhc[h]osmaile, ZCP viii 211.21 . it iat comcosmaile diblinaib, TBC-LL¹ 4368 . c.¤ crotha ┐ delba in drúth fri M., RC xiii 440 § 10 . nir bec in ni dar ba comchasmaill torandcles, Cog. 178.16 . na boill comchusmhaile = consimilia, ZCP xviii 258.3 . As subst. aige ní fhuil comhchosmhail / acht trághadh ┐ tuile there is nothing like it (a patron's generosity), DDána 120.11 .

? comgan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? comgan or dil.ie/11270

ind ecis aidbsin .i. fili c.¤ bhís la righ, O'Curry 473 ( H 3.18, 248 ). Cf. canaid ?

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