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ada(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ada(e) or dil.ie/254

adj I Adj. io, iā due, fitting, suitable: nephadae gl. nefas, Ml. 119a11 . adæ .i. ad-dee .i. dīr do Dīa, Corm. Y 67 . níbá hada rí co n-anim hi Temraig, LU 4056 . [n]i hadha (.i. dliged) dom anmuin apairt romnett `not due to my soul is the deed that has quelled me', Ériu ii 3.3 . teacht mís Marta a M. . . ./ do rígh Uladh ní hadha, Leb. Cert. 24.4 . cus in iarumdighe is adha dlechtuin don fir fine, Laws ii 282.29 Comm. areir in caich dana hadha in riaradh, i 286 z Comm. = agda, 288.1 . nir ba hadha do beith i Temair, MR 4.13 . ní hadha dhúin biadh ind fhir genntlidisea do tomailt, Lism. L. 1462 . ni hadha leosum fir a n-áeintig fria dathugud édaig, 4065 . noca nadha pennaid leo do liaigh, Ériu xii 16 § 20 n. 6 . cor imm Crúachuin día Samna / ní hadha acht is éttarba, PRIA liv (C) 18.104 . luid Odras 'na hiarn-gait / iarmairt nárbu ada, Metr. Dinds. iv 198.38 . Used attributively: rochind a aided n-ada / fo chlaideb in Galgatha, SR 5675 . delm n-ada, 4069 . ai eadha `lawful case', Ériu xvii 72.14 n. 1 . ?no sceinm a.¤ na suisti `the proper bound of the flail', Laws v 158.19 Comm.

adj II Also subst. io, [n.] that which is fitting .

(a) Of the prerogatives and perquisites of a king (as opposed to airgart): cúig aurgarta rígh Laighen . . . at iatt a adha immorro: mess Almuine . . . these, however, are his dues the mast of Allen . . ., PRIA liv (C) 12.4 . dénatt désheircc ar Día ndil / is léor d'adhaib cach óeinfhir, 22.148 . cadeat ada flatha ┐ cuirmthige costud im dagḟlaith, lassamna do lochrannaib, Tec. Corm. § 4.1 . adha ┐ aurgarta na rígh, ZCP iv 237.36 . fili . . . nach fiasara adha . . . na rig so, Leb. Cert. 6.24 . aga .i. buada, O'Curry 969 (H 3.18, 416). adha .i. buadha, Stowe Gl. 226 . Note also: ni ro hingabad geis leo ┐ ni ro hadradh ada they did not avoid taboos or cleave to customary dues, CCath. 1166 . ro imbir fair dano cach ada aili ba dir do imbirt for tarb idparta, 959 .

(b) In more general sense of appurtenances, accoutrements etc.: cach n-ada as ada do ócaib oc comruc, MU² 966 . dofuctha adai na fleidi the appropriate things for a feast, IT i 311.34 . atberim frib . . ./ ada, buada, belltaine / coirm, mecoin . . ., Hib. Min. 49.4 . carna, cuirm, cnoimes, cadla / it e ada na Samna, .20 . is iat a ada olla / stuic, cruitti cuirn chróes-tholla (of an oenach), Metr. Dinds. iii 18.233 . Note also: ada usce nosbera, LB 228 marg. sup. (see Pref. p. 39).

aidbliugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidbliugud or dil.ie/840
Last Revised: 2013

vn. of aidbligid. act of enlarging, increasing: prúll .i. a.¤ mōr ┐ mētugad, Corm. Y 1059 . cenmotat echtaircenela . . . tuccsat d'aidbliughadh a ttionoil `whom they brought to swell their muster', Leb. Gab.(i) 78.12 . tempul Arda Carna [d'aidhbliughadh] la Clarus, Ann. Conn. 1243.11 . ní do chaithrém Tuathail acht da aidhbhliughadh Fher mBolg atu ag cur na ccath-so síos to increase the fame of, Geneal. Tracts 62.14 . Cheville: aidbligthi (sic MS.) in scél a matter for boasting, SR 3051 .

Gramm. act of intensifying: aidbligod and hi comsuidigud, Sg. 216a3 . sens aidbligthe thechtas, 221b3 . di-cechlacēin is diultad, alaill is a.¤ , Corm. Y 418 . interiacht adbligthe hyperbolical (?) interjection, 118 (an interjection of aggrandisement Celtica xxv 93 ).

ainder

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainder or dil.ie/1225
Last Revised: 2019

n o ? Later f. Explained by native glossators as neg. of der. See LEIA and ZCP xxv 11 , Jn. Celt. Stud. i 4-6, 131-3 .

(a) non-virgin, married woman: ander .i. ben .i. nī der [.i.] nī hingen, Corm. Y 79 . ander .i. muiler .i. ni der ni hingin. nó ander .i. anfer .i. ni fer acht muiler , O'Mulc. 48 . ander .i. nepingen .i. ben. der .i. ingen, O'Curry 864 ( H 3.18, 390a ). fedb aindir be carna , Laws v 448.1 (`eine Witwe, eine Frau (ander nicht Jungfrau), eine Buhlin', Ir. Recht 5 . Stokes, O'Dav. 528 , takes fedb ainder as a compd.). a Euá a andeir Adaim, SR 1208 . dercaid nad decsenach doirb annir (.i. ben) imnair, LU 10255 . bla aindir ēt, Laws iii 292.1 . cidbé a.¤ mná dobéra toil do'n fhior gráid, SG 47.30 . a.¤ gel Glain meic Carbad `bride', Metr. Dinds. i 46.4 . .l. a.¤ la cech n-aen dibh: claeclother cele la gach n-aindir mad doim he, Marco P. 27 . do mnaib ┐ bantrochtaib ┐ andrib ┐ ingenaib, LU 6537 . roscaindre fo Chrúaich Crea / na haindre, na hingena, Metr. Dinds. iii 464.66 . aebhdhacht re h-ainnrib, MR 116.14 . gnímh Úna tar gach n-ainnir, IGT Decl. ex. 1221 . carais Sccuitin . . . / aindre áille uchtgheala, ZCP i 64.2 . aingir . . . dont síol is áirde fuil, Ó Bruad. i 84 xiv .

(b) virgin, maiden: ander gach slan, Auraic. 607 . ainner . . . ac guidhi Muire . . . ima hoighe do coimet, Grail 2428 . an ainnear i n-uair a thuismhidh (of the Blessed Virgin), DDána 17.12 . ainner aluind, ZCP vi 26.7 .

? Of the war-goddess, in the phr. ainder trogain : lúaidi do gabair ngraifnig ngrip | for faithchib andre trogain tricc 'you guide your fast racing steed on the greens of the war-goddess swiftly', Metrik und Medienwechsel 227 .

1 bé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bé or dil.ie/5502
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: Bée, béithe, beith, mbéithe

n n., later f. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 113 and Études Celt. xxv 123-24 . n s. b.¤ nAnand, Corm. Y 104. a mb.¤ , SR 5974. in b.¤ thondgel, LL 18500. g s. Bée, LL 27711. d s. do b.¤ , TFerbe 64 . Mod. g s. na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . d s. don bhéith ghlain, O'Rah. 154.5. n pl. béithe, ZCP v 229.26 (Midn. Court). g pl. beith, Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . mbéithe, ZCP v 226.10 (Midn. Court).

Woman: Brigit b.¤ bithmaith `ever excellent woman', Thes. ii 325.15 , glossed: ben ut dicitur b.¤ bind .i. ben find, 29 . bē nē[i]t (.i. badb) .i. bē ben ┐ nēt cath . . . Inde dicitur: `b. nét fort,', Corm. Y 168. Brigit bē n-ēxe . . . B.¤ bē legis, ┐ B. bē goibne (sic leg.) ingena in Dagda goddess, 150 . b.¤ find fors ṅdestatar deirgindlid áir (rhetoric), BDD² 306. be ḟind ḟota ḟoltlebor, IT i 69 § 4. a bē, ZCP viii 102.15 (B. na f., 557.17 ). a mb.¤ n-aill, LL 21147. b.¤ adbul Heriu, 1651 . do b.¤ thastil female messenger, TFerbe 64 . cain-be fial forssaid ḟindnar, SR 3700. co tucas-sa in mb.¤ sáir sláin / Aife, Ériu iv 154.26 . seimigud b immorro .i. a bhen, a bhan, a bhe binn, Auraic. 1275. b.¤ ebraice (bath `daughter'? ed.), mulier latine , O'Mulc. 130. `b.¤' ben, Metr. Gl. 18 § 52. b.¤ .i. bean, O'Cl.

In Laws and glossaries in designations of classes of women. b.¤ carna wanton, harlot : cia ben is mesa do mnáib? Ni hansa. B. chārna, ZCP viii 113.12 . be carna .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). b.¤ charna .i. merdrech, ar dia ndech in ben co cuicir is b.¤ charna. fothad cairn .iiii. clocha, cloch fair is carnn iarum, O'Dav. 213 (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 108 ). b.¤ cétmuinterasa woman with standing of head of a household, chief wife (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46.28 ): mad be cetmunterasa techta, comaith ┐ comceniuil, Laws ii 380.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46 § 22 ). mad be cetmunterasa glossed: mad bean bus cetmuindter uais co dligthech, 382.4 Comm. b.¤ cuitgernsa `woman of condominium' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 218.18 ): ma co tir ┐ cetra ┐ intreb, ┐ mad comsair comtechta a cuma lanamnusa, ┐ is don ben sin asberar be cuitcernsa, ii 356.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 18.36 ). b.¤ n-imrama lit. wandering woman (a class of concubine) ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 64.25 , 96 f. ): nocon uil ni do do lamda . . . a be nimruma, uair ar a urail fein bis a chartach . . . ┐ nocon eadh bis . . . a be nimruma, Laws ii 400.15 Comm. be nimrama .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). sechtmud do i n-a dormain ┐ i n-a be n-imruma, Laws v 72.4 Comm. b.¤ n-indlis `non-owned woman', see Ériu xii 74.18 . a atitin a primmna ┐ a fine ata cach ben dib sain aicce cenmotha in be nindlis; ┐ a aititin a fir ata saide, Laws ii 400.26 Comm. b.¤ loirge: direnar b.¤ luirge lándire `a distaff woman', O'Gr. Cat. 145.19 (Nero A vii, 153b9). Cf. dorenar be loirge landire .i. ben conaire in filed, glossing lorg `road', O'Dav. 1155. b.¤ loiste loinetha woman of the kneading-trough and churn-dash: direnar . . . lándire b.¤ loisde luineatha alaile, O'Gr. Cat. 145.19. b.¤ roethine woman cast up by the sea?: be roethine .i. roethine mara dode-cuirethar .i. mairchor- (leg. muirchorthae, ed.), Ir. Recht 8 § 8. b.¤ tacuir foundling woman: b.¤ tacair do-renur cuic setaibh, a tri dibh a mamaib eca (leg. ecalsa, ed.) no (leg. ┐, ed.) ina dó eile ó feinib (finib, v. l.), Ir. Recht 6 , 7 § 7 , see ZCP xix 347. b.¤ táide lit. woman of a secret relation, i.e. in an irregular association with a man (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 99 , 100 ): baidsech cach be taide, no cach ben deirge lann (cf. . . . deiraig a lanamnus, v 456.22), Laws iv 58.26 Comm. merdrech [ut est] baitsech cach b.¤ táidhe (thaidhe, v.l.) `every secret woman', O'Dav. 306. b.¤ togu woman (with power) of choice (variously interpreted in Laws Comm.): be togai .i. togu an (leg. and ? ed.) imm a inchaib a ceile fa isint (leg. asint, ed.) seilb techtus di-rether .i. bancomarba lasmbi fer for bantindchur. be thoga .i. tic di co aos togai, na (leg. .i. or [atá] 'na, ed.) tagai, .i. im co fer theis fa in ngaba chaille . . . who has the choice as to whether she will be paid according to the status of her husband or according to her possessions . . . who is of an age to choose whether she will marry or take the veil, Ir. Recht 8 § 9.

Common in later poetry woman, maiden : rádha róchaoin bheóilín bhinn na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . is baoth don fhear do scar le béith bhig óig, xxxiv 1 . míle beith ghléigeal `a thousand fair ladies bright', Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . G., leannán béithe `beloved of women', O'Rah. 148.21. do screadadar béithe, 150.27 .

In nn. pr.: Fróech . . . mac side do B.¤ Find a sídib, TBFr. 2 (as b.¤ was orig. neut. the name Bé Finn > Bé Bind, later also Bé Ḟind). Bebinn ingen (sic leg.) Turgeis, Caithr. CC 27. is ed ainm dobered Midir dí B.¤ Ḟind (i.e. Étaín), TE² 180 § 10. B. Néit wife of Néit (a goddess of war): bē nē[i]t (.i. badb), Corm. Y 168. B.¤ nēid .i. Nēid nomen uiri. B.¤ eius Nemon, a ben, 181 . in b.¤ néit . . . .i. Enio, siur Mairt .i. dei in chatha, TTebe 3247 . co festais ca drem . . . din ro samaigfed in B.¤ níth-gubach Néit a neirt-bhríga, MR 242.1 . Aingene ainm ind fir ┐ Bee n-Aingeni ainm na mna, RC x 224 § 17. Be Chuille ┐ Dianand . . . na dí bantuathig, LL 1352. Bé Tuinde, Dinds. 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). In n. loc. oidhre Leice Bébhionn Lickpevune (Co. Kerry), AFM v 1628.21 .

bíail, biáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bíail, biáil or dil.ie/5823

Forms: biáil, biail, bíail, bieil, biel, bela, béla, bela, bealaib

n i, m., later also f. (see LU 9031 , Tur. 131 cited below); Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 311 , ii 54 , GOI § 106 , § 302 (fem.). n s. biáil, Sg. 46b6 , biail, 67a6 , Tur. 131 , bíail, LU 9015. bieil, LL 13608 ( Irish Texts i 34 § 6 ). biel, Ériu i 44.3 . g s. in bela , Ml. 112b12 . béla, LL 13582 ( Irish Texts i 33 § 2 ). a pl. bela, O'Mulc. 809. d pl. bealaib, Aisl. Tond. 101 § 2.

Axe, hatchet; battle-axe: gl. securis, Sg. 46b6 , 67a6 , biáil .i. bithail .i. bí fæbar, Thr. Ir. Gl. 7. im biaill .i. bis ina ail ina aititin; no aill ni isin bith, no bith hail le ni na hail .i. in tuath conadh, Laws i 124.14 , 138. z Comm. docer in biail dia samthig, Tur. 131. Of working implements: fidba[e], biáil, gaí gona cethra[e], Críth G. 180. ogam tirda . . . .i. biail, loman, fidba, strathar, Auraic. 5725. nech immaber biail i n-domnach . . . dílsi a bela (belu, beeola, v.ll.), Ériu ii 206 § 27. doḟoíd . . . a gilla . . . co Ecet Salach (i.e. a smith) do chor béla i tenid, LL 13582 ( Irish Texts i 33 § 2 ). co laignib ┐ bacaib ┐ belaib, Dinds. 20.4 . cia buailter do bielaib ┐ ordaib, Ériu ii 114 § 44. cárna samaisci do indarggain fo thál ┐ béuil (biail, v.l.), Fraech 227 . i fomailt do bela, do fidbai `for wearing down thy hatchet', Laws i 166.25 . sair ┐ thuithait ┐ cach aes tail ┐ beili, gad ima beli, ii 118.25 Comm. biail imfaebur, for lar rig treibi, iii 272.23 .i. slan don mogaid ma beir ime faebur ac a beil, 25 Comm. = bíail .i. tuagh . . . .i. is [s]lán don mogha faobur a biaile d'imirt ar lar tighi in righ, O'Dav. 313. tairnid . . . in mbial fora munél ┐ a cul rempi, LU 9031 ( FB 78 ). iar cor dó brechta hi fáebur in bélae, 9027 note ( FB 77 ). ider díul an biala, RC xiii 30.9 . beim do biail, 10. fuaim biaili ic brudh bidbadh, CCath. 6077. ro ghabhadar do beimennaib borbnertmara . . . fair do biailibh bellethna `broad-bladed axes', Stair Erc. 2188. rongabh biail mbithgéir ina laimh, AFM iii 178.18 . eatham frichnama, Laws iv 276.5 .i. tir in bela som `axe-land', 15 Comm. In n.loc.: ó Thulaig Béla buide (: ména), Metr. Dinds. iv 226.15 .

blas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. blas or dil.ie/6071
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: mlas

n later form of mlas. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 38.

(a) taste, savour: do-gnither tuirtin de, co finntar a b.¤ , ZCP xiv 348.12 .i. narab searb, Laws ii 242.19 Comm. (of testing malt). amram blais .i. pin no ifin `most wonderful of taste', Auraic. 5666. b.¤ an bídh, Reg. San. 19.6 . b.¤ milis, Desid. 963.

(b) (good) taste, savour, relish; pleasure: b.¤ ┐ grasa `delight', BCC 225. do chum blasa do chor ar an mbiadh-sa, Desid. 113. le fin in bhlasa (= vinum dulcedinis), ITS xxix 218.21 . nach faghann Dia b.¤ ar a n-urnaighthe takes no pleasure in, TSh. 1766. scél na bóroma co mblass, LL 376a49 .

(In salutation) éirig is beir bennachtain is imthig fá bh.¤ , SG 215.8 .

(c) sense of taste: anorduightheacht an bhlais, TSh. 1556. tréas an n-éisdeacht, trés an mb.¤ , Desid. 3020.

(d) act of tasting: fonn . . . ré b.¤ na glóire sin, TSh. 2051. ní héidir . . . a chaitheamh . . acht amháin a bh.¤, ┐ a mhillseacht do dhearbhadh, Desid. 6638. ? dia messaib blassaib, LU 6636 ( TBC-I¹ 2096 ).

(e) a tasty bit, a delicacy (?): cona fotha d’iasc ┐ di énaib ┐ lubib ┐ ilmblasaib 'with their complement of fish and of fowl and vegetables and many delicacies', Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 52 § 1 . do bertis iarum ettne ┐ ubla ┐ il-blassa ó Lígaig ingin Mo[í]li Dúin do C[h]athal, MacCongl.² 2.35 . min-chirrad m'il-blass, cnám carna, bronnud bánbíd, MacCongl.² 36.1134 . binne na hilc[h]eōla, imdha na hilblassa, ZCP viii 202 § 16 . in pailm toirtech co n-il-mblasaib, PH 2449 .

Compd. bliocht . . . blas-chumhra na beatha suthaine ` sweet-scented ' (Vocab.), TSh. 2286.

1 bran

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bran or dil.ie/6537
Last Revised: 2013

n o, m. raven. Very freq. associated with battles, slaughter, carnage, etc. : b.¤ .i. fīach .i. brancos (βρόγκος, ed.) graece, gut[t]ur latine, ┐ is de isberar din eōn ar mēt slugaite, Corm. Y 177 , O'Mulc. 122. bran dubh .i. fiach dubh, O'Cl. Cf. brandub .i. fīachdub, Corm. Y 105. b.¤ .i. fiach an fuigill breith brangaire catha, O'Dav. 292 , cf. anfuigell breath (leg. breitheman, ed.) bran-gaire catha (H. 5.15, 8), Ériu ix 29.3 . sásad fiach / fothath mb.¤ i.e. carnage, BDD² 331. forbrit brain crows (?) multiply, Four Songs 22 § 7. dubidir ri b.¤ a brae, LL 6390. cia nobeth fo dathaib b.¤ `of the ravens' hue' (sc. a hood), MacCongl. 111.5 . messi ┐ Mac Con / dín bat budig brain vultures will be grateful to us, LU 9872. ac[h]t is fálid brain berna / i llongphurt Aililla ┐ Medba, TBC-LL² 2084 . suidfit bruin for bernadaib, SG 373.16 . curad cróda ro biath b.¤ `who fed ravens' ( RC xlvii 309.13 ), LL 17190. le mbiathtaoi broin, O'Hara 3059. L. ┐ L. / fersat debaid dar dā b.¤ (more fiercely) than two ravens, ZCP iii 45 § 26 . don b.¤ mor, Auraic. 5598. Fig. is b.¤ carna comramaig (in rhet. of Cú Ch.), LU 8892 ( FB 68 ). Note also: (B. na f.) is orc ind aduo braine .i. fiaich, ACL iii 310 § 5. Cf. B. na f. ex. cited s. 1 branda.

As n. pr. m. : do B. mac Febail, Imr. Brain 1. B.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 38.15 . B.¤ (name of Finn's hound), Acall. 179.

In nn. loc. : co rānic srub Broin . . . .i. a cend tall-som dond eōn dub, is de dogairther Srub Broin, Ériu ii 22.7 , Srub Brain, Dinds. 54. See Hog. Onom. s.v. ? Bran- , Srub .

Compds. With nouns. ? e ni dalbh gan bhrandhal (-dul, FM) brath, / ro mharbh Brandubh mac Eachach, AU i 82.23 , AFM i 230.2 = bandul, CS 70.7 . gusin mbranen déidenach `to the last raven', Dinds. 54. in ní ara tairissed in branén ar in ḟai[th]chi don ár-sin, Acall. 5191. re brainéan Bréifneach (of a chief), O'R. Poems 1138. do bhrainfhiachaibh, 128 . biait brain for branfossaib (i.e. field of carnage?), LU 6612 = . . . buind fri brannusa, TBC-LL² 2427 , cf. betit brain ri brainessu, 2384 . branorgain .i. nī oirges fīach carrion for ravens (?), Corm. Y 105. With adj. formed from noun. bruastar buidhne branendai raven-like , KZ xxxiii 83.11 .

bruithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bruithe or dil.ie/7139
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bruithi

io, iā part. of berbaid.

(a) smelted, refined: . . . do brondór brúthi, LU 6395 ( TBC-I¹ 1880 ). la aithgin arget mb.¤ `of the silver in bullion', Laws v 396.16 . o shalann bruithi, Irish Texts v 50.10 .

(b) boiled, cooked: intan īarom robo b.¤ in tairr, Corm. Y 825 (69.19) . sallcarna b.¤ `boiled salt meat', Laws ii 202.11 . nirbo bruthe in biad, Thes. ii 339.28 . usce b.¤ , Sc.M² 1 R. uth bo bruithi `a boiled cow's udder' (contemptuously of the Connachta), Ériu v 238.24 . As subst. bruithi ` boiled (meat),' IT iii 188.2 . na tri bruithi carna .i. adh . . . ┐ molt . . . ┐ muc a coiri, Laws v 78.4 Comm. (or leg. as compd. ? See also s. bruith.)

2 cadla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cadla or dil.ie/7558

n (ON kaðall, Wortk. 63 , Bidrag 61 , 132 )

(a) rope, cord : roglac in rop rodaingen ┐ in cadhla cruaidhrigin cnaibi, ZCP vi 287.11 . la cadhladhaibh . . . cnáibe, Hugh Roe² 222.2 (fo. 56a) .

(b) the small guts : carna, cuirm, cnoimes, c.¤ / it e ada na samna `tripe', Hib. Min. 49.19 . cádlai mucc, is de dorōnta (of a building), MacCongl. 69.19 . cadhla .i. cáolán, O'Cl.

caipellán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caipellán or dil.ie/7864

n [o, m.] (Lat. capellanus From AN capelain, Risk § 116 .) chaplain : M. . . . caibellán innsi caín, AFM iv 726.7 . M. . . . airchinech ┐ caipellan Ardda Carna , Ann. Conn. 1224.17 . a ccaibeallan ┐ a cconfessor, RSClára 88b . don chaibealan, 87a .

camall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. camall or dil.ie/8087

n o, m. (Lat. camel(l)us, see GOI 574 ). Also cá-. do-arblaing . . . den chamull fora-mbói, Tur. 60 . batir meít fiacla camaill (of teeth of warriors), ZCP xviii 297.4 . méitithir fri glunib cámaill a gluine, LB 151a27 . dath olla an camuill `the colour of camel wool', Rosa Angl. 186.3 . de fhinnaib gabur no chamaill, Thes. ii 326.38 glossing cilic (Hy.iv). in c.¤ quod est animal mírae magnitudinis , Ann. Inisf. 1105.7 . eilifint ┐ camaill, Celtica ii 121.24 . cóic cét cámall, Alex. 619 . carna camull mhelit, Marco P. 186 . camhaill ┐ asail . . . fa lointibh, 20 . breith chámhaill tré shnáthaid ( Matthew xix 24 ), Measgra D. 28.21 .

In contexts referring to Samson's `jawbone of an ass' ( Judges xv 15 ): hon glaini in chamul (recte -uil), Tur. 110a . lecca chamaill boi ina laim, LB 127b8 . a chromchuarcholtur do lecain camaill, Ériu v 156.201 . Also of Cain's fratricide: do dhoirt Cái-in . . . / fuil a bhráthar le cnáimh cámhaill (: ámhaill), DDána 31.10 .

carna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. carna or dil.ie/8242
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cernai

n [io ?] (Lat. caro ? Vendr. de Hibernicis Vocabulis). flesh, meat : carnae .i. car nūe .i. cesa nūa, is brisc ūair is bruithi, ar is rigin intan is feōil, Corm. Y 261 . ainm d'feóil cárna , Metr. Gl. 30 . c.¤ .i. feoil, O'Cl. is bran c.¤ comramaig, LU 8892 ( FB 68 , cernai, Eg.). alid carnai cach aire, BCrólige 26 . tri beo c.¤ ┐ tri derg c.¤ , Laws v 78.1 Comm. biadh la ḟíal c.¤ la mac, BB 25b34 = biad la fial c.¤ la cat, Leb. Gab.(i) 46.14 ( Keat. i 160. 60 ). dúaid iarum in c.¤ tírim, LL 21163 . ? cach midisi . . . i mortaidther mor carrnda .i. i mortaith mor cairnn, O'Curry 2144 ( Eg. 88, 2d ). ni berbamm salla ná cárnai, Alex. 883 ( carnu, ZCP xxx 144 ). c.¤ mairt, Laws iii 328.20 Comm. cárna samaisci, Fraech 226 . cuig ba na dicress carn[a] `not slender of flesh', Laws v 62.24 Comm. geiss dó . . . cárna a chomanma do ithi (of Cú Chulainn), LL 13884 . c.¤ mairmil `flesh of a whale', BCrólige 25 . c.¤ camull, Marco P. 186 . Of human flesh: nocon érnaba cerr ná chárnai dít asin taig, BDD² 547 . cárna caurad, TBC-LL¹ 4022 . rem c[h]ārno, ACL iii 310 § 1 . a ch.¤ crum (soul to body), PH 8255 . Cf. criothnuigheadh cosa ┐ cáirne `bodies', CRR² 29 (84.y). Of the raven’s cry: is edh adeir carna carna grob grob coin coin, Ériu viii 122.8 .

As descript. gen.: teora ba c.¤ three fat cows, Laws ii 200.25 . bé c.¤ see 1 bé.

carnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. carnach or dil.ie/8243
Last Revised: 2019

adj o, ā (carn) having or pertaining to heaps or great amounts : lomradh órtha . . . | fá mar dfhás go cárnach cíortha 'grew in masses', Hackett² xxx 243 . cf. carnfolt s.v. carn. ? bath ann cét ruirech rathach, | cruadach costadach carnach 'massive, massed', Cath Almaine 8.103 = RC xvii 230.19. co maidm Duib Chommair carnaig, Three Historical Poems 200 q. 30c . Some exx. perhaps from carna .

carnad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. carnad or dil.ie/8244

Forms: carnadh

vn. of carnaid (see carna(ig)id). carnadh, IGT Verbs § 80 . act of heaping, piling up: ag carnadh na punnann, Duan. F. i 56.z . a gcaraid sin tar fairrge do chárnadh beó (of banishment), Hackett xviii 14 . mar shneachta bhiadh dá charnnadh air shléibhtibh, Hard. i 355.15 .

carna(ig)id

Cite this: eDIL s.v. carna(ig)id or dil.ie/8245

Forms: carnad

v (carn). In etymol. gl. on bé carna: ainder . . . fora[r] carnaigit fir cosdrasta, Laws v 448.4 Comm. = arar carnustur fir imda, O'D. 534 ( H 3.17, 432 ) = ara carnait fir, O'Curry 2263 ( Eg. 88, 19c ). In later lang. heaps, piles up: cin agon lethanchath Laighnech / a Cethurlach carntar, Studies 1920, 417.26 . an léigheann go léircheart do charnaigh, Hackett² li 59 . ná cárnuigh cionta ár gcine i gcruinnchúntas, Ó Bruad. i 22.20 . fáilte le fíorchumann uaimse / . . . carnaim, iii 192.15 .

Vn. carnad.

carnamail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. carnamail or dil.ie/8247

adj ( carna ): aseadh as fistula ann creacht cabhanach . . . c.¤ fleshy , 23 K 42, 278.7 .

catán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. catán or dil.ie/8340

n o, m. (catt): toimhelaidh carna an c.¤ ` kitten ', Leb. Gab.(i) 46.20 . Cf. caittín(e).

1 cern

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cern or dil.ie/8770

Forms: ceinn

n [ā, f.]. Also dental endings in pl. Perh. same wd. as 2 cern.

(a) angle, corner, recess (in various applications): do sírégem cecha cúli ┐ cecha cerna de (of a helmet), LU 6436 (TBC). ? dabach aircit co cerclaib ōrda impe, ZCP iii 459.23 (cernaib, v.l. Rawl. B 512 ). a cuachán cruinn cheithre ccearn, Atlantis iv 140.14 . dar múraib ┐ dar cernaib in betha, MU² 499 . sechnad cera ó cheirn do cheirn / ac imthecht le droichcetheirn from one remote spot to another(?), SG 52.8 (`from table to table', O'Gr., as if 2 cern). i cúil ┐ i cernaidh Fheadha Gatlaidh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 30.6 . cia hí an chearna don domhan i n-a dteabhradh iarraidh air G., ITS xxiv 104.12 . itir chuan ┐ chúil ┐ chearn ┐ charraig (the sea), CF² 74 . do chuirset na cruite i cernnadaib na colbad, Acall. 7194 . aingeal in gach cearnaich don taich, YBL 148a42 (? leg. -naid). ós chionn a chearn (of a castle), DDána 119.27 . do bhris [soighnéan do ghaoith] cheathra chúinne nó cearna an tighe, TSh. 2503 . Freq. of battle-positions: nara cloitis cernada na cath, LL 32504 (`the angles of the battalions', TTr. 1702 ). ro rannsat . . . a bfianlach . . . fora chernaibh cosnamha `points of defence', Hugh Roe² 312.6 .

(b) Of a swelling, excrescence on the body: Conall Cernach didiu .i. cearn robói assa lethchinn bá meítither fría cobhraidh sceíth, Cóir Anm. 251 . c.¤ doroine in darb dael . . . baí ina laim iga breth, BB 250a50 . Cf. nocon érnába c.¤cárna dít, LU 6972 (= cerr, BDD² 547 ) (Stokes, RC xxii 58.5 , would read ceinn and translate fell). Attrib. g s. for uaitne cerna in cholbai `on the corner pillar', RC xiii 104 § 134 .

clíath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clíath or dil.ie/9484

Forms: cliatha

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 (91.13) . g s. also cliatha, Cog. 156.6 .

(a) hurdle : cliath gl. creta [crates], Ir. Gl. 126 . denam cleib, denam cleithe, Laws v 474.4 . gach uair is loscadh comhraite is clía nudhnecht (sic leg.). Gach uair is loscadh anfoit is clia lathrach n-aile, iv 252.1 Comm. (cliath v.l.). cia sáer ro fích in cleith, LL 26382 . dogníthe derc . . . ┐ cliatha tairsiu. No briste in gae . . . ┐ a rind tresin cléith, RC xiii 454 § 48 . doratsat . . . cliatha caelaigh mora ós a cennaibh ┐ scratha fót tairsibh anechtair (as protection for beseigers), CCath. 1881 . laem . . . ainm don clēith bīs fon arbar oca tīrad, O'Mulc. 806 . cor eptha i cléith `putting a charm in a hurdle', MacCongl. 71.25 (prov., in a list of useless actions). Attrib. g s. i leabaidh chléithe, TSh. 2304 .

(b) Of a house or `les' (see 2 les) wattle panels of walls, doors or gates: samaisc i cléith tís, colpdach i cléith túas, Críth G. 215 - 16 . dá [n]dorus [n-]and —comla[e] ar ala n-aí, c.¤ ar alailiu, 101 . dofet cliath cleithe .i. as remtechtai lium cliath ichtair in tighi do denam ar dus anas cleitine a mullaighi, O'Curry 1874 ( 23 P 3, 21 (23)a ). ro híadad in tech . . . ┐ doratad crann ar chleith (arcleith v.l.) airi immach, Trip.² 604 . elaim-si itir clēith ┐ ursaind, MacCongl. 123.18 (cf. cliathcomla). c.¤ ná comhla ré lis, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 5 . ní bīat clīatha re rátha, ZCP xiii 9.23 . an ḟuinneog iomagallmha . . . ar a mbī cur cléthe nó gráta, RSClára 93b .

(c) woven fence, palisade, outwork : doratad immorro M. . . . dalta do Choin C. . . . ar cléith ar dorus in dúne, LL 13404 . do-rigensat . . . cliatha do scia[i]ch ┐ do draigen i mbeol ind atha fri R. cona muintir, cona rochtadar dul darsin n-ath, IT ii2 230.74 . imthus re marcach eich leith / a n-Ath Gallta itir da chleith, Leb. Cert. 20.8 . nī tucc a acchaidh re clēith / budh ferr do c[h]ongbālaidh scēith, Ériu xvii 28 § 50 . do congbail clethi ┐ do cosnum cathlaithrech `to sustain the front', MR 148.9 . airm n-a gcléith ar comhlaibh tor `swords form a fence round his castles' portals', Magauran 1705 . Of the Cross: ar chléith dhoinnbhear dia hAoine / do coinnmheadh Dia dar ndín-ne, DDána 47.2 . Fig. Máol Mórdha . . . / Pilip Óg . . . / dhá chléith le dornchlaibh docra, O'R. Poems 2799 . gurab í an fhíor-aithrighe is comhla ┐ is cliath chosnaimh ag na daoinibh, TSh. 6894 . c.¤ fri opposition to: cliath ra heclais mairg dogní, LL 19300 . a cliath fri nem (to the sinful soul), PH 8175 . With various defining genitives: is lá Hú Tegtechān bith for in clē[i]th dāla ┐ an t-escra ana lāim a bar for dispensing drink(?), BColm. 52.29 (`hurdle of assembly'). cliath fhosgaidh ar āth, O'R. Poems 664 . Toirrdhelbhach . . . baí ina cleith ḟosccaidh . . . ag gach aén `a sheltering fence', AFM vi 2106.18 . dia tartamni .xxx. d'ar ṅdegdoinib immach i ṅgiallas bid tanaite ar c.¤ gabala sund. Doregthar forn issin cathraig defence, LL 283a4 . cladh coigcriche ┐ . . . cliath ghabhála fri hUltaibh, Hugh Roe² 216.14 . sgiath didin ┐ cliath ghaeithe Ghall re Gaeidheluibh `wind-hurdle' (i.e. protection, shelter), ALC ii 310.22 . in comla catha ┐ in cliath ugra, Cog. 188.7 . cf. 56.y . cúig tríatha . . . / cliatha gaisgidh na nGaoídhiol, O'R. Poems 2716 . cliath mhínighthe na ccóig ccrīoch, 661 . ard gach oentu . . . / cain cach cliath brathar protection of a kinsman(?), Cog. 122.18 .

In phr. i ccléith x on the side of x, in alliance with x: mairg . . . ro threicc a chorpfhine . . . ar dhul hi cleith ┐ hi ccomhaontaidh a éccrad, Hugh Roe² 264.18 . N. do thocht i ccléth cloinne Domhnaill, AFM iv 896.14 . a chaoraigheacht do breith lais i ccleith Gall to the side of the English, 890.5 . M., mairtír nar thrēith: / bīodh san chnoc im chlēith go fíor, Celtica iv 163 § 236 . `i gcléith le `to be united to, allied to, associated with' s.vv. adiungo, applico, affectus, affinitas, Risdeard Pluincéad', cited Celtica iv 192 .

(d) Extended applications: dorála D. do Ch. ar in cleith oc leith na Sinna ` bridge ', SG 397.6 . tucadh amus fair im cend cleithe Atha Luain . . . cor'thoit cliath an drochaid fút[h]aib, RC xviii 167.5 (Tig.). co nderna droichet ┐ clíatha dermhára díbh ┐ rathanna romora tarsin [cuan] cétna, CCath. 1391 . stretcher, litter, bed : cen chlíatha cen tulggu, Críth G. 101 . nónbar . . . ro-bái fón cleith fora raibe tarr na muici, Sc.M² 6R . dá ḟer déc for clíathaib airgdidib imon imdai, BDD² 1107 . búi an péist . . . ana lighe for cleth iarnaide, a lan do crithribh teindtidhi fon cleth hisin, Aisl. Tond. 108 § 3 (super cratem ferream). fo cholbaib ┐ fo immdadaib ┐ fo clīathaib in rīgthige, MacCongl. 11.17 (`screens'). cliatha caolaig doriginset Laigin . . . fo cosaib caorach . . . 'ca n-adnacal co Dún nÉtair, Dinds. 28 . láindíre do oí ina lias uasa a chleith codla, Ériu xiii 27.22 . clíatha fis (apparently always made of rowan branches) beds on which druids slept in order to acquire occult knowledge: luidhset na druidh fora cliathaib fis ┐ rothoghairmset demhna, Marco P. 32 . dochúatar na draoithe ara ccliathaibh cáerthainn ┐ tuccadh . . . nua corma doibh, V. SS. Hib. cliv n. 5 . codail ar do chliathaibh fis / cuardaigh aigéan gach oiris, Content. x 2 . is eadh do-nídís cruinnchliatha caorthainn do dhéanamh ┐ seicheadha na dtarbh n-iodhbarta do leathadh orra . . . ┐ dul mar sin i muinighin a ngeasa do thoghairm na ndeamhan do bhuain scéal díobh . . . gonadh de sin do lean an sean-fhocal . . . adeir go dtéid neach ar a chliathaibh fis an tan do-ní dícheall ar scéala d'fhagháil, Keat. ii 5448 ff. harrow : cliath fuirsidh[e] (gl. eripica [rastrum]), Ir. Gl. 240 . braca, cliath, foirseadh, Eg. Gl. 70 . go niomat cliath ┐ prácadh, AFM vi 2186.20 . le clíathaibh foirsighe íaruinn, 1 Chron. xx 3 . clíath scéith framework of shield : o clíat[h]aibh sgiath secht mac Meadbha, Ériu x 85 § 88 . cúic árnaile saorus fer nimthechta ar tigradhus na ninnile .i. cliath tasgair (? trascair) do iadadh friu (some sort of hurdle for keeping cattle enclosed), O'D. 887 ( H 3.17, 637 ). Of the oars of a boat: ro cuireadar amach cliatha . . . crannrighne cruadhrámhadh, CF² 39 . Of an animal, the loin, rib-cage : mas ar son carna ata é is cnaimh ar in cleith uile (of the amount of condiment allowed with different joints), O'Curry 183 ( H 3.18, 99 ). curro bris a cleith n-asnai, TBC-LL¹ 565 n. 4 . cliat[h]a bō, Ériu x 85 § 88 . do imreadar na lanna . . . gurba cliatha tolla . . . na taíbh, CF² 801 . Of a bird's wings: glésaiss . . . a ghulbain a ccliathaib a eite, Mart. Don. 176.17 . Of the strings of a musical instrument: cid cia ro chodail . . . re cliathaib . . . ciuil, MR 110.y . ar chléith tana do thimpáin, IGT Decl. ex. 882 . Of the web of cloth: corba dluithither re cleith lenad (leined, v.l.) arna landluthud in lini sleg, TTebe 2823 (`stop- hurdle'). conarbho dluithe cliatha leinedh ar n-a dluthadh, ITS v 64.11 . ? cliath .i. umat, [ut est] ar bi[d] mer fo cuachnaidm cliath ferba .i. amail bi[d] mér fo cuachnaidm duitt iumad briathar in filed `a multitude of words', O'Dav. 397 (but `? metaph. use of clíath in sense of phalanx', Plummer MS. notes).

Freq. of the close ranks of men (and weapons) in battle, especially in phr. i ccléith, i cclíathaib in close fighting(?): ni ró ḟég F. dar a ais riam . . . ic astar no ic imthecht ┐ chléith ┐ chath (? leg. i cléith no i cath) no chomlund, TBC-LL¹ 1905 . nach hi ccath no hi ccleith / do fáccbadh é, ar sccáth a scceith, Cog. 88.22 . buaid [cacha] catha ┐ cacha cliatha, 156.6 . i n-imairic áigh nó i cléith comluinn, CCath. 627 . M. ┐ C. do marbad a cleith do O., Ann. Inisf. 1108.5 (`in a skirmish'). gur lingsed in dā chlēith . . . a cenn araile the two (opposing) ranks, ML² 1189 . d'fisrugad clethi Conaill ┐ aird-grinne Eogain `the phalanx', MR 176.3 . ro coraigheadh ider na curadaib cliatha . . . ceinngera do shleaguibh `rows', Caithr. CC 72 . díon a threabh . . . a ccliathaibh `in fighting', Rel. Celt. ii 222.31 . deacair an chéim i gcliathaibh, PBocht 3.38 . baidhbh id chomhghaire i gcléith, Aithd. D. 5.17 . i gcléith chogaidh ní dú dol / 's gan tú go habaigh aosmhar, DDána 105.23 . ? amail corra crit[h]bel / ri clīat[h]uib cāich / fir Ērenn re clīat[h]ib-sum / ō sin co tī brāth, ZCP xiii 15.1 , 2 .

In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. s.v. and s. Áth Clíath .

Compds. With nouns. ¤bern in phr. c. chét one who makes a gap of a hundred in the enemy's ranks : in cathmilid ┐ in chliathbern chét ┐ ord essorgni, LL 8219 ( TBC-LL¹ 775 ). an dubdhortadh díl[e]ann ┐ an chliathbearna céd . . . .i. Caiseal C. airdrígh Lochlann, CF² 1001 . Also ¤bernaid id.: na da curaid ┐ na da chliathbernaid chet, TBC-LL¹ 3245 . atat daimh dilann ┐ cliathbernadha cet . . . i Cnuc na Cenn, RC xliii 40.29 . Also of the gap itself: atconnairc na clíathbernadhae mora oslaicte . . . ┐ na muir 'arna muradh `the great battle-breaches open and the ramparts rased', CCath. 3724 . ¤bernadach id.: tuarascbail . . . a cathmiled ┐ a cliathbernadach cét, TBC-LL¹ 5147 . os chliathblai Charmaind battle-field(?), BB 37b26 . cathmilid ┐ cliathcomla cathu shield (fig. of a warrior), TTr.² 1582 . cliathdhroichet do dhénamh oc Ath Luain wattle bridge, AFM ii 1132.18 . fa chliathfhroighibh do chraobh mbreac, DDána 68.38 . tiar tre chliathghaoith cláir na bhFionn ` battle-wind ', O'Hara 3081 . mairg tarla i gcliathghoil 'na cheann `ardour of a skirmish' (Gloss.), Ir. Syll. Poetry 64 § 14 . fa chliathmhadh Céin, O'Hara 2620 .

With adj. mac Piaruis chaoimh chliatharnaidh `fierce in battle' (Gloss.), Butler Poems 1351 . Éire chliathbhras, Hackett xliv 3 .

cnám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cnám or dil.ie/9725

Forms: cnáma, cnámh

[u, m.] vn. of cnaïd, g s. cnáma. IGT Verbs § 42 . cnámh m., IGT Decl. § 95 . act of gnawing, wasting : in loiscend .i. cū cnāmha, Corm. Y 257 . ro gab int oircne for c.¤ na hemi, Corm. 30.13 (cocnam, Y). c.¤ cárna, bronnud bánbíd `gnawing of flesh', MacCongl. 92 .z . is cudruma . . . an diansgailedh ┐ in cnam consumption (i.e. of tissues), Rosa Angl. 20.9 . ac cnam ┐ ac cerrbad (of monsters in Hell), RC xxviii 320 § 39 .

By extension of territories etc., laying waste : ag cnam cach comursann ravaging , Ann. Conn. 1315.7 = ALC i 568.6 . nir chaicletar Gaill . . . cill . . . cen cnam ┐ cen commilled, Ann. Conn. 1315.3 = ALC i 564.17 . geg cosgurach / cnam gallbaile (of warrior), IGT Metr. Faults§ 71 . See cnámtha.

Compds. (see cnáim). With nouns: na trí chnamh-aillse (fig. of enemy fortresses), ML 80.7 . sgur dod mhurmur ┐ dod chnaimhcheol oirne, Luc. Fid. 4726 `grumbling', Gloss. itir gerradh ┐-césadh ┐-cnámloscadh (describing Hell), RC xxiv 381.13 . With adj.: creabair . . . cnamhghobacha, Lism. L. 3652 .

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