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Your search returned 27 result(s).

airard

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airard or dil.ie/1597
Last Revised: 2019

adj (ard) very high, tall, very noble : fossad a.¤ airdirech, LL 4433 . tellach . . . irard airísel, MacCongl. 95.26 . dar senbennaib . . . sléibhe uraird Elpa, CCath. 398 . co druim n-urard nEoghabhail, Cog. 86.15 . Durad urard ainglidi / risa n-abar Ard cuille, Anecd. ii 23 § 12 . fegaid Teach Mairise . . . ard aniar irard atúaidh, Metr. Dinds. i 20.99 . carput . . . co creitt n-uraird, Comp. CC 100.20 . óclach seta fata n-a.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5170 . rosc mbrecht n-urard (irard, ereard, erard, v.l.) i n-a chind, TBC-LL¹ 5323 . rosc n-airárd n-adanta, LL 253a45 . echrada . . . aurardai, BDD² 452 . co pudrallaib imgerra urardda, MU² 773 . dā rosg āille urarda oighreata uainidhe 'two beautiful, noble, icy, green eyes', BDC 230.137​ . Of sound: airlabra a.¤ , 750 . Fig. coṅgraim n-écside ite erarda very important , TBC-LL¹ 4381 . Adv. atomregar . . . co herard, MacCongl. 83.27 . As n.pr.: [A]urard (Irard, v.l.) Mac Coissi, Anecd. ii 42 ff. Hence in n.loc. Cluain Iráird Clonard, Hog. Onom. 265 . As subst. high ground, eminence: i n-urard na tulcha, TBC-LL¹ 5220 . upper part: is amlaid ros-uidhiged lathrach in tighi sin .i. leith[red] fóa fotúaidh ┐ a urard anes, RC xv 282 § 26 (Dinds.). In grammar apparently the condition of a word with the vowel a added to the stem e.g. of fer it is said: ni airecar a urard .i. fera, Auraic. 1798 (= a forard, 1997 ).

1 anart

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anart or dil.ie/3370

Forms: a n-a., a., anairt

n o, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 47 . Orig. n. n s. a n-a.¤ , Críth G. 312 . Later m. and f. a.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 25 . anairt f., § 13 . linen cloth: [amal a]nart no amal [l]índæ gl. uelut linteum magnum, Thes. i 497.9 (Ardm.). a.¤ .i. hin-irt .i. hirt bás . . . a.¤ didiu in bāis ar a bāine. Is cosmail fri líi bāis ar bāini or nā bī nī do dergge and, Corm. Y 37 . slíc ┐ uisce ┐ a.¤ , Críth G. 309 . ro thinól . . . na línbroit na h-anartai, SR 5972 . Of the drapery of the tabernacle: gníthi on drumslait immach / sithbi n-a.¤ . . . / oena.¤ tairsiu anechtair, SR 4284 - 4285 . a.¤ sróil, 4319 . muinter na sacart . . . / oc immarchur na n-a.¤ , 4886 . Of altar-linen: oc dénum na n-a.¤ altóra, Trip.² 2963 . .l. clocc ┐ .l. cailech n-altóre ┐ .l. a.¤ , 1700 . anarta coisecarthai, Ériu i 219 § 9 . tri hanairt slana . . . / ecortar im chorp n-Adaim gravecloths , SR 2221 . tárfaid dam in a.¤ tucas imme, PH 3735 . a.¤ and co fuil Críst (a relic), Trip.² 2824 . atnaig fót suide isin carput ┐ a.¤ léined imbi, LU 5412 (TBC). fuil for anairt namharcaigh .i. o tairisis fuil ar an anairt taithnemhaigh, O'D. 555 (H 3.17, 438). gorma.¤ cáel corrtharach, LL 11942 . tri .l. c. n-a.¤ n-imda / co ndath n-adarc mirrda mán, 296a21 ( SG 362.14 ). dos ligh d'anairt is d'uisce, Aithd. D. 57.14 . Cf. a.¤ ainm do mhaoithmhín, Metr. Gl. 15 § 34 . a.¤ .i. maoth, O'Mulc. 56 . anairt .i. máoth no mín, O'Cl. Cf. 2 art.

Compd. ¤-gel: ro tuirrnadar a seola . . . anairtghela, CF 73 . See 2 lín compds. and lám compds.

cennphartech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cennphartech or dil.ie/8664

adj (cennphairt): i carput chendphartech, MU² 704 (meaning doubtful, see Gloss.).

clesamain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clesamain or dil.ie/9444

n i, m. (cles) feat-performer(?): belend di chet clesamna, LU 10395 (rhet.). Cless ┐ Clissíne ┐ Clessamun (? leg. -amain) tri clessamnaig ind ríg, 7645 . i carput chaín chlessamna colgatchaín, LL 13904 (rhet.).

colgat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. colgat or dil.ie/10497

x = clocat, q.v.: i carput chaín chlessamna colgatchaín, LL 13904 . carput . . . co creitt uraird . . . cholggfata cholggatchain, 24860 .

corb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. corb or dil.ie/12433

Forms: coirb, coirb

n n s. also coirb. coirb f., IGT Decl. § 14 (69.8) . In etymological glosses: Corbmac .i. c.¤ .i. carput , Corm. Y 204 . Corbre quasi corb-aire . . . ara carpuit, 205 . c.¤ .i. carbad, O'Cl. In n. pr. (perh. difft. wd.): Lugaid Corbb, LL 29885 . Mug Corbb . . . Nia Corbb, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 15 . Cú c.¤ .i. coirb in charpait . . . rus-bris fái, Cóir Anm. 191 . do chuir feín coirb isin carbat, ib. Níadh C.¤ , 192 . Meissin c.¤ , 193 .

See cairb, carb.

cráes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cráes or dil.ie/12717

n o

(a) maw, mouth, gullet : c.¤ gl. gula, Ir. Gl. 92 . co ndechsad óen na rígthige inna cróes, LU 9104 ( FB 85 ). c[ros] C[ríst] tarsin craos[s]a, ZCP xii 387.4 . it chráes dachúatar dait, TBC-LL² 3710 . tatnit a cróes glomarchind, LU 8664 ( FB 49 ). an t-uball . . . / dochuaidh tar cumang mo chraois (said by Eve), Ériu iii 148 § 3 . luigi fir go nurslugad craois .i. in cainti, O'Curry 2597 ( Eg. 88, 50(51)d ). tar a cráesaib cogantacha `grinding jaws' (of boar), Fianaig. 66.6 . ba glomar a crais (craes, v.l.), TTebe 2064 . ili craosa / cuile fasa, ZCP viii 196.10 . Extended applications: tricha aigi ina chrōis (of a cauldron), Ériu ii 20 § 1 . craos an chuain the neck of the harbour, CF Eg. 299 . i crāes na hairechta into the midst of the assembly, ZCP xii 360.4 . hi crǽs curaich os tuind dulaigh in (the confines of) a boat, Anecd. i 63.2 . se hech a craesaib curach, BB 277a11 . fát chraos (of a tomb-stone), O'Rah. 68.y . Cf. a crāes in chorrbuilg, Fianaig. 50.14 .

(b) gluttony, excessive eating : minibed cróis nibíad étrad, Wb. 9d1 . ronort a cróis ┐ saint ` greed ', Imr. Brain 46 . o dhualaig in chráis, PH 4821 . seachain . . . / ar chraos . . . do dhéanamh, DDána 22.19 . cráos, fearg (in list of deadly sins), Parrth. Anma 3383 . craos na haoine (of eating meat), Ir. Gl. p. 156 .

Compds. With nouns: a craosbheol osluighthe (of monster), Maguires of F. 3 . i craescrislach in mara, CCath. 1445 . tancatar . . . amach on chroes-chró `stall', Todd Nenn. 56.9 . dar a chraes gin osluicthe, IT i 271.27 (FB Eg.). Criol mac Craoslíona, Anecd. ii 55.14 = lintaid, Rawl. B 512, 111b cited Plummer MS. notes. don crāes-lon bói i m-brága Cathail `demon . . . of gluttony', MacCongl. 103.5 . do chraoslongadh an chuirp to devour, BNnÉ 165.17 . a craosmhuscaetaibh cogúasta `yawning muskets', Hugh Roe² 228.21 . leis an ccráosól, Párl. na mB. 3215 . do-bheir craos-ruathar coitcheann fútha, TSh. 1164 . d'eagla a gcraos-shloigthe, 5690 . With adjj.: brain-eóin chraos-dearga, ML 130.18 . crécht cráosdomhuin ` gaping ', Ériu v 180.314 . tar an muir ccráosfhairsing, BS 100.6 . co carput chraeslethan chraesluath, LL 24861 . ilchoin . . . cróesmóra, LU 2418 . cona chreit chróestana chróestirim (a chariot), 6483 - 4 . cuirn chróes-tholla, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.234 . gristaig craestuib (dub) (of devil), SR 947 .

cuchtglinde, cuithglind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuchtglinde, cuithglind or dil.ie/13425

adj (prob. 1 cucht + glinn): uair is cuithglind in carput tucais dam, Acall. 6665 v.l. in fuil carpat cuchtglinde ac nech accaib? strongly built (?), 6936 .

cuclaige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuclaige or dil.ie/13429
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cuiclige, chluiche

, f. vn. of 1 con-clich, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 493 . See GOI 48 . Also cuiclige, cuicilge, Bretha 53-54 . act of shaking, tottering; tossing, tilting, whirling about: bidh cruaidh cuiglidhe in se `a severe shaking' (at the end of the world), Blathm. 945 . cucligi in talman occa thochur dar aird ┐ dar cenn `the shaking', Ériu ii 138 § 137 . crith ┐ cuigligi do gobail in domain uili, Celtica ix 48.4 . a chuicligi oc forlaimm a gaiscid, BDD² 512 `whirring movement' (Gloss.) = a chluiche , BDD 57 (LU). ni dlegar dín cuclaigi . . . / ra fomorchaib feidm, LL 10596 `the swaying (of the chariots)', TBC-LL² 3156 . co ndernsat na heich cuclaigi moir fon carput made a great stumbling (?), Lism. L. 2326 . bai ind arc for cuclaigi the ark was tilting ( 2 Samuel vi 6 ), SR 6673 . in aírcc testemain for c.¤ moir, LB 130b4 . carbuid hi cuicligi (rhet.), BDD² 1057 . ? fuil aratair ocuicilga 'a wound caused by a plough-team when colliding (?)' Bretha 24 § 4 . Fig. ferr coimsetu cucilchiu (MSS cucilche, cucailce, cucuilgu) 'appropriateness is better than turbulence', BFF 84 § 6.53 . for costuthaib cuicilche 'from the restraints (?) of collision', AM 10.69 .

denn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. denn or dil.ie/15466

n [ā, f., Wortk. 210 ] cf. ua fordinn gl. minio, Thes. ii. 48.33 . hue, colour: deann .i. lí no dath, O'Cl. blaith a d.¤ , SR 11 . is d.¤ cēttamun fil forsin carput , TBC-I¹ 2755 . ba etig a dend, LU 9383 . Iacōb mac Ailphi . . . dub a dend, Ériu iii 196 . siadair deann da cach dinn colour has settled on every height, Four Songs, p. 10 . deithbir di ced olc a d.¤ that its aspect should be evil, CS 72 . In chevilles: caimi dend, Lec. 572a32 . derb d.¤ , Rawl. 164a10 . maro chloí d.¤ rí séitrech if a potent king has changed colour, i.e. died, TFrag. 200 . issin airm rochlóechlói deinn (denn, dinn, MSS.: hérinn), Metr. Dinds. iii 214 .

Compds.: ¤gel: claideb nocht 'na deiss dendgil, RC xiv 424 . ¤glan: iar ṅ-dótib dendglana, TBC-LL¹ 5685 . ¤gorm: léine dhenngorm, SG 399 . ¤mass: tonach dendmas, Anecd. i 62 § 107 . ic imram Maelduin dendmais, 51 § 4 . roscar fri dennmais ndrechbuain (: Lennghlais), SG ii 473.13 . ¤maisse: congaib ar dreich ndendmaisse, LU 7402 . ar delbthor ṅdennmaissi, BDD § 100 f (Eg.).

derg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. derg or dil.ie/15626
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: derc, derg, deirg, derg, d.

adj o, ā.

(a) Of colour, red, ruddy (used of colour of blood, flame; also of orange or tawny hue as of ale, gold, etc.): d.¤ gl. luteus, Sg. 49a3 , gl. lutea, 7 . derc gl. rufus, 37a5 . flann gach nd.¤ , ZCP ix 167.z . tene d.¤ , SR 8294 . dobiur lim cóer ndeirg do ibur, Ériu iv 134.4 . folt d.¤ lais, LB 181a11 . fil lenid ndeirg . . . immi, TBC-I¹ 61 . braena fola derge, Todd Nenn. 206.7 . suile derga eyes red with weeping, PH 584 . Cf. A. Ó Dálaigh viii 10 : bríogh a guidhe 's a déar ndearg `her blood-red tears' (= ardent ). Of animals: ech d.¤ , LU 8630 ( FB 47 ). hirricht bó deirgi, Ériu iii 141.2 . guth gadhair dheirg, Duan. F. i 83.28 . mor ndamh ndearg (of stags), ib. mucca derga, Metr. Dinds. iii 150.14 . Of liquors: lind d.¤ .i. flaith d.¤ red ale, Thes. ii 337 ( Hy. v 38Comm.). um chomhól ndeoch ndearg, TD 20.55 . Cf. derglaith. Of gold: di or d.¤ , SR 529 . dind ór d.¤ , 4150 . d'ór dhearg, TD 17.36 . Of earth or clay turned up, dug up: reilge derga (portent of the end of the world), ZCP viii 196 § 18 . do-chífe dearg druim tar ais | . . . | gach leath dot ghormfhaithche ghloin, | ó chomhghraifne each, Studies 1922, 411 § 11 . Cf. don taobh thiar thuaidh d'Eirinn dheirg, Atlantis iv 122.z . do cherdaib in domnáin deirg `the vile rude world's estates', SG 51.y . Hence of persons, of ruddy complexion or red-haired: oclach . . . d.¤ = iuvenis rubicundus, PH 7030 . ben d.¤ cona dib braaib dercaib, IT ii2 242.17 . red ghnúis ndeirg, TD 3.19 . Equative: deirgither losa liac, TTebe 479 . dergithir re corcair, Acall. 6636 v.l. brecdergithir síon spotted with crimson like a foxglove, BDD § 97 . Compar. nir bo dírga grís inna ind aiged (sic leg.), IT iii 298 § 34 (Cóir Anm.). As subst.: scripthar int psailm tria dub ┐ in tituil tria derg in red (ink or pigment), Hib. Min. 244 . derg g s. deirg, d s. derg, IGT Decl. § 15 . dearg a grúaidh the red of his cheek, ex. 1240 .

(b) Transf. red with blood; bloody, sanguinary: imatuarcat doib combo d.¤ cach dib di arailiu till each was red with the other's blood, YBL 118b17 . fuidel fir deircc di duinib of one red with (the blood of) men, Ériu vii 150 § 17 . atre in rí . . . cona chroich deirg . . . fria aiss, SR 8269 . red-handed (i.e. a shedder of blood): náma ┐ esgcara láime deirge do, SG 268.33 . atú mar láimh ndeirg ag Dia God looks upon me as His foe, Dán Dé ii 30 . claidebderg red-sworded , Metr. Dinds. iii 340.38 . Of a criminal: dul dá guin eisi (i.e. asin chill) no taidhecht d.¤ indti red-handed , O'Curry 985 ( H 3.18 424b ). Hence of meat bleeding, raw, fleshy (as oppd. to fat): d.¤ cach n-om, Laws v 432.2 Comm. dergcarna ┐ saill, ii 202.19 . da mer dia d.¤ `two fingers in the lean of it', 254.11 .

(c) red-hot, incandescent: iarnn d.¤ = candens ferrum, Lat. Lives 96.1 . cloch d.¤ a ndabhaigh fhuair, 3 C 12, 6.13 . lecca derca fo chossaib (of hell), RC iv 252 . co slabradu derga . . . tentigi, PH 8309 .

(d) In fig. sense, full-blooded, flushed with pride, overbearing (?): fri dīmmus nd.¤ ndocht (one of the capital sins), ZCP vi 271.11 . derg . . . cach n-indligthech, Laws i 54.2 Comm. , v 432.2 Comm.

As subst. o . d.¤ , m., IGT Decl. § 15 . don d.¤ redness , ex. 701 . gan crecht . . . gan d.¤ wound , TBC-LL¹ p. 387 n. 5 . math glas nō d.¤ 'if it be a bruise or an abrasion' Cáin Ad. 28 § 44 , Ériu lii 127 (Di Ércib Fola) . In phr. derg dásachtach a blood vessel located in the head: bídh a fis agad co fuil inadh (sic) ann nach dlegar do crechad mar atáit .. dergdásachtach ocus ruadhrasach ocus gach uile a mbí gluasacht ocus bualad in pulsa know that there are places which may not be cauterised such as the derg dásachtach and the rúad rasach and everywhere in which there is movement and a beating pulse​, O'Gr. Cat. 269.11 . derg dasachtach ┐ rúadh fhrasach, Ériu lxiv 6 n. 22 ( G11 289b28 ). cidh fodera duine do thērnamh ōn derg dāsachtaigh dā letarthar eidir ūainibh an cinn, et duine ele gan tērnamh? 'why does one person recover from the derg dásachtach if it [he?] is wounded between the sutures of the head, while another person does not recover?', Ériu lxiv 7 ( 72.1.2 fo. 59v7 ). in derg dāsachtach, Ériu lxiv 10 ( 72.1.2 fo. 62v14 ). muna baca an derg dāsachtach no cuislí ele 'if the derg dásachtach or another vein does not prevent it', Ériu lxiv 11 ( E 4.1 120b28 )​​​​.

pn In names: na trí Deirg do thig Deirg, BDD² 296 . in Derg Drúchtach, name of Colum Cille's curach , Reeves Ad. 274.13 . forsin Deirg Drúchtaig `the Dewy Red' (of Conall Cernach's horse), RC iii 183.30 . dofeccai secha a gabuir .i. in Deirg ṅdruchtaig, 184.30 .

Compds.

(a) Of colour, in sense (a) above. With adjs. ¤aigthech red-faced : ba derrscaithec (deargaighteach, v.l.) a delb, Cóir Anm.² i 95 § 72 . ¤buide reddish yellow: taraill a lám leiss in gipni ndergbudi, TBC-I¹ 1879 . ¤chorcra crimson: dí gáe d., Ériu iv 102 § 43 . ¤domal dark red: alaile dath cruanda ┐ alaile dergdomla, ZCP xxx 124.3 . ¤lethan broad and red: claideb . . . d.¤ , TBC-I¹ 2341 . ¤ruad: dairedha dergruadha do slegaib ` rud-red ', CCath. 5345 . dragún dearg-ruadh, TSh. 7856 . With adjs. derived from subst.: ¤dathach red-hued: Lomna druth d., LL 48b18 . ¤órda: drochte . . . dergórdai, SR 476 . cosna delbaib dergórdaib, 4360 .

With subst.: ¤ainech red-face (as sobriquet): Maeldúin d., Rawl. 144g42 . ¤chodal red (i.e. tanned) hide: curach nua co ndergchodail, RC x 84.5 . ¤derc: scéo mnáib dergdercaib with eyes red (from weeping), ZCP iii 256.15 . ¤ibar red yew: cét ndabach ṅdergibair, LL 51a22 . ¤lasad: luinech . . . 'na láim ar derglassad glittering like a red flame, LL 120a44 . a dhá shúil ar d. ina chenn, SG 295.14 . ¤lasair red flame: g s. doigh derglasrach, ZCP viii 212 § 60 . ¤loscad: ag dearg-losgadh, TSh. 6627 . ¤ór (see Études Celt. iv 314 ) purified gold (by a de-silvering process) ZCP xxxviii 246-47 n. 13 , Medieval Archaeology xlviii 37 : rond derc-óir, LU 3273 ( SCC § 7 ). ¤rót: a threabh . . . na ndearg-ród red clay roads , Ir. Monthly 1919, 456 § 8 ( DDána 97 ). ¤scé red hawthorn: imar cráibred ndergscíach, TBC-I¹ 1953 = ṅdercscíath, TBC-LL¹ 2617 . ¤theine: i carput dergthened, SR 7136 . ¤thes: d. fola, Ériu ii 102 § 12 . ¤uma red bronze, copper: scieth . . . co mbocoidibh derccuma, TBC-LL¹ 5477 .

(b) In sense (b) above. ¤ár bloody slaughter , SR 5648 . LL 375b27 . ¤béim a blow that draws blood, Laws iv 364.22 ; 'a blow that inflicts bruising or swelling or loss of skin' Ériu lii 125 (Di Ércib Fola) . ¤ḟine family group that has been guilty of `fingal', O'Don. Suppl. derggfine issede cruess, Laws iv 284.10 . deirgfine .i. indiḟíní fíngalach, 286.10 Comm. ? ¤ḟochor: dergfochuru do tuit i ndilsi, O'Curry 881 ( H 3.18 394b ). ¤martra red martyrdom (involving death): dercmartre, Thes. ii 246.31 (Cambr. Hom.). irlam fri dergmartrai, ZCP iii 29 § 9 . Bloody death, slaughter (in general): ilar nderggmartra dogni (of Cú Chulaind), ZCP ix 122.y . derccmartra ┐ dortadh fola, AFM vi 2178.5 . ¤ruathar a bloody onset: dergruathur, TBC-LL¹ 4344 .

(c) As a mere intensive. ¤lomnocht stark naked , TBC-LL¹ 4253 . TSh. 3674 . ¤maith, LL 128b34 . ¤náma a bitter foe: iar ṁbádud a ndergnámat, SR 4036 . do dergnamait, 6368 . amail dergnamait, CCath. 5164 . ¤náimdenas fierce enmity: dobudh créachta gan dúnadh a ndeargnaimhdeanas, ML 30.2 . ¤thruag: rotoccbadh an cenn . . . ina scath dhearccthruagh do Ghaoidhealaibh `a spectacle of intense pity', AFM 1172 (iii 4.6) .

Cf. further: dergfilliud erred náir, LU 9290 and : dergindledhaidh errid nair, BB 248a16 (both names of one of Cú Chulaind's feats). ¤mír `red morsel'. Apparently technical name for property illegally acquired. See Laws v 430 - 4 . amail deirgmir, 434.10 Comm. cach manach . . . dosli disli do eclais a aicsi lee samlaid manup dergmir, O'Curry 871 ( H 3.18 , 391b ). deirgmireanda, Laws v 430.22 ( .i. mirenda omha indligthecha, 432.1 Comm. ).

1 dían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dían or dil.ie/15951
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dian, déin, Déin, Dianchon, díanascnam, díanbhádad, dianscailti, ndianscailedh

adj o, ā. swift, rapid: dian gl. concito, Ml. 41d8 . gl. creber, Sg. 20a7 . gl. uelox, 60b19 . dian .i. oband sudden , Stowe Gl. 80 . déin (n pl. for a pl.) gl. celeres, Ml. 48d11 . is d.¤ dorreractid maám ind soscéli 'tis quickly ye have abandoned, Wb. 18c6 . cid d.¤ ┐ cían nothéisinn though I went fast and far, Ml. 41d9 . In lit. gener. with the added sense of eager, impetuous, forceful or vehement, both in good and bad sense. Of animals and natural objects (gener. implying motion): ech d.¤ , FB § 50 . TBC-LL¹ 1972 . dam d.¤ vehement (?), Acall. 3516 . Cog. 188 . mur buinni ṅdian ṅdílinn, Fianaig. 94.19 . fo dílind déin, LL 4b10 . inna side dian mar daig, Metr. Dinds. iii 158 . sruth tenntide ro-d.¤ , PH 6201 . tinneanas tineadh déine, ML 114 . Cf. also: i carput d.¤ dergthened, SR 7136 . domun d.¤ swift-passing, fleeting (?), ZCP vii 498 . daescarsluag an domain déin, viii 208 . maisi in domuin dian (: fíal), RC vi 178.122 . Of persons: ben d.¤ ` active ', MacCongl. 97.2 . oen-ben d.¤ díbergach, Metr. Dinds. iii 4 . Dauid d.¤ , SR 6413 , 5890 . i tig Dagda déin, Ériu vii 225 . Metr. Dinds. ii 18.18 . Fianaig. 42.7 . druid diana, SR 3419 . co lín a ṅdroṅg nd.¤ ndaigrech (of combatants), 5887 . berid uain . . . in duini ṅd.¤ ṅdásachtach (of David feigning madness), 6236 . Painiel d.¤ (an Archangel), KMMisc. 254 . Of the Deity: a De dúilig déin, Ériu iii 14 . a degmic Dé déin, ZCP vi 263 . Of the Devil: SR 944 . fri demna diana, 8316 . Of actions and abstr. notions: bretha diana `rash judgements', Tec. Corm. § 14 . tacra d.¤ dermatach `a vehement . . . pleading', § 25 . dian medair `a vehement saying', Fél. Prol. 219 . d.¤ a buille, Metr. Dinds. ii 16 . gnim d.¤ , SR 2847 . deabhtha díana, Hugh Roe 294.26 . fo dianaib déraib, Fél. Prol. 24 . golgaire duba d.¤ , SR 8166 . RC xxviii 314 . ag clos linn iona lasair | do ḟreagra dhéin dhóchasaigh, Content. x 21 . frossa diana dér, Ériu ii 55 . is dian in fuillem, Laws v 242.y (swift? the interest mounts up rapidly?). i ló an bhrethemhnuis dén déghenaigh 'at the day of the rigorous and last iudgement' Ériu xv 52 (52b) . With FRI: nárbhat d.¤ re daescar-ṡluagh, Acall. 587 . ? in ben d.¤ fri dúasu `eager for gifts', Metr. Dinds. iii 302 . In following cases meaning seems to be strong, without notion of activity or motion: 'mo les nd.¤ `the strong keep', Metr. Dinds. ii 8 . do mhidh na dabcha déne, Acall. 812 .

Equative: is denithir sin arachrin cumachtae inna pecthach, Ml. 57c12 . Compar. déniu rád swifter than speech, Trip.² 131 . nar ba déni tepersain fhola oltás . . ., PH 3042 . As superl.: a dremm is déniu dolud `quickest in havoc' (whose tax is most severe?), Metr. Dinds. iii 348 . amal as deiniu . . . notinoilfitís naeireada seolbrata a long, CCath. 3736 . Adv. atrachtár co d.¤ , SR 4461 . rochingsiott go d.¤ deinmnettach, AFM vi 2254 . As n.pr. m. (allegorical): Metr. Dinds. iii 4 . Dinds. 18 . gen. ingine Déin meic Dileann, Acall. 697 . ? Sirna mac Dein, Rawl. 135a1 , 117g17 .

Common in compds., often merely as an intensive. ¤aided swift or sudden death (destruction): dianoidhidh, MacCarthy 422 = BB 50b24 . gan dogh gan dianoidheadh, AFM vi 2072 . ? ¤aigligh, Laws iv 86.12 . ¤airlech swift or ruthless slaying , Metr. Dinds. iii 74 . ¤aithesc hasty speech: as n.pr. m., Anecd. ii 51 . ¤aithirge earnest repentance (?), Lism. L. p. 307 . LL 282a14 . ¤apud (legal term) `sudden notice', Triads 235 . ¤bás sudden death: Thes. ii 354 . is bec na dechaid dianbas, SR 1720 . ar díenbhás ar bedg | romain Íosa, Ériu iv 236 . Anecd. ii 15 . deocha dian-bais, CCath. 5836 . ¤breth sudden doom: cipé fongeib dia láim chlí, | ro ordaig rí in betho bí | issí a déin-breth ria dérge; | a glé-meth nó a gair-sécle (of a magical yew), Metr. Dinds. iii 230 . ¤chommilt swift or fierce crushing: dabered d. fair eter a rigthib ┐ a dernannaib, TBC-LL¹ 4622 . ¤chride n.pr. m. Diancraide mic Offir, BB 146c25 . oroit do dianchridiu, Thes. ii 257 . ¤chú n.pr. m. gen. Dianchon, BB 87a47 . Lec. 146c36 . ¤éc sudden death: deocha dian-éca, Acall. 6372 . See Díangal. ¤galar sudden or violent sickness, plague: ronsoerat ar d. (ar in galar ndian .i. ar in mbude connaill), Hy. i 6 . d. d'adhmilledh a n-eachraidh, CCath. 3479 ( Luc. Phars. vi 89 ). d.¤ gl. langor, Gild. Lor. 258 . ¤garta ` ready hospitality ', Metr. Dinds. iii 88 . See Díangus. ¤lám nimble hand: d. oc fodail, Tec. Corm. § 4 . ¤leges swift healing , TFerbe 734 . ¤ṡárugud forcible violation , Laws iv 228.y . is ed is diansarudugad (sic) and, rofitir a beith for comairce ┐ nocha ranaic uadu dligi do taircsin, O'Curry 2034 ( H 4.22 56 -57). ¤uisce swiftly-flowing water: rosdailedh ar d., Metr. Dinds. ii 68 .

With adj.: ¤aicentach of vehement nature: of Caesar, CCath. 348 . ¤angbaid very fierce (?). Of a river: o Drobaís d., LL 8b35 . ¤buillech of swift or fierce blows: fa dígaltach duáibsech d. comrac na desi-sin, Fianaig. 96 . ¤chumthach deeply-grieving: cach duine co dianchumhthach, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 330 . ¤díchra very eager: ro ghabhsat co sanntach diandichra ic a tuargain, CCath. 5754 . ? ¤dil: dendiliu gl. magis industrios atque strenuos, RC xxix 269 . See Díangalach. ¤glicc very prudent: cen rurig ṅdedgair ṅd., MacCarthy 198 . ¤marb utterly dead: dronga dian-marba, TTebe 2857 . ¤menmnach nimble-minded, very spirited: atraigim co dírech dienmenmnach, MacCongl. 119 . ¤scothach of hasty words (?): inghen Déirc Dhianscothaig, Acall. 52 . ¤ṡeng?: cech drui deinseng (aga mbiad na diana seanga .i. ainm aisti), Leb. Gab.(i) 64 (expl. probably wrong, but cf. 4 dían).

With verbs: ¤ascnaid advances rapidly: co ndianascnaitis remhibh, Hugh Roe 214.23 . ro dianasgna . . . gan anadh . . . go ranuicc gusan nG., 276.7 . vn. oc díanascnam in mhuighi speeding across the plain, CCath. 1274 . ¤bádid quickly swamps. vn. ródbhuindi róimer d'uisqi . . . ag díanbhádad an baili, Acall. 3630 . ¤beirid quickly carries: an t-anam sa chlí chuga | mac De muna dhianruga, 23 D 14, 93 . ¤léici releases swiftly: díam-díanléicther ar fi[u]r findchless … 'if I am swiftly loosed upon (lit. before) the man of the fine feats' ZCP xlvii 64 . ¤loscid quickly burns . vn. ni ḟarggaib . . . múr can a díanloscud, CRR § 4 . ¤millid quickly destroys: ro dianmhilleadh a dhuthaigh, AFM v 1720 . ¤scaílid quickly or utterly distributes, scatters, disperses, separates: ro dianscailit biada . . . do chach, Acall. 4609 . in tan díanscáiles ler . . . dar dreich in talman, CCath. 298 . co ro dluig ┐ co ro dianscail a chend ar dó air, TTebe 3162 . ro saebait do ruisc . . . ┐ ro dianscailit do baill, LB 143a29 . As med. term dissolves, diffuses: tig rann don deathach hisin cum na mball imeallach ┐ diansgailidh linn fuar gloinidhi idir feoil ┐ leathar andsin, 23 P 10, 161 rb36 . diansgailter an rand as reimhe dhe a ceo fuar, 161va13 . is righin he ┐ ni diansgailfeadh an fothrugad e, 161ra14 . da contrardha sin do nither lipairia noch tig o l. r. morgaithe idir feoil ┐ leathar ┐ eirghe deathach on morgadh isin noch anmesruighes an craidhi gu nden fiabras ┐ an trath sgaileas in ainmeasurdhacht isin isna bullaib inmedonachaib da faga si l. f. glainidhi sa guili no a n-inadh ele leth asdigh diansgailidh e ┐ on diansgaileadh isin fuaraid na baill inmeadhonacha, 161rb-va . Part. ro badar luireacha dluithi dianscailti desin, CCath. 3155 . Vn. iar n-argain ┐ iar ndianscailedh chell ┐ coicrich, RC xviii 281 . Cf. díscaílid.

díriuch

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díriuch or dil.ie/16743
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dírech, dírgu, dirgha, dirgi, dírgimem

adj u, later dírech o,ā. See GOI § 192 .

(a) straight, direct: dus in d.¤ m'urchor, TBC-LL¹ 1185 . tuiri tren diriuch do lar, SR 4273 . in sét fodén tan and is dírech he, tan aile is cam, PH 3995 . direach he ó find (leg. ind) co bond erect, RC xvii 150.12 . crand d.¤ digaind, LB 221a42 . co n-arm daighrech direch with a fiery straight weapon, Metr. Dinds. iii 152 ( BB 369b9 ). ní d.¤ nō rēidh, Corm. Y 476 . sēt d.¤ , 434 . a n-agaid gluasachta dirid na cethardula ata gluasacht timcill na firmaminnti, Ir. Astr. Tr. 60.6 . seanchus na Naomh do breith isin raon direach go a mbunadhus, MS. Mat. 552.13 . leanfam ar ar sinnseroib is in líne ndíreach, 556.25 . oighre dírech dleasanach lineal lawful heir, Rel. Celt. ii 166.5 . an éirghe dhíreach dobheir an sagart ar féin, Eochairsg. 53.32 . déan do shlighe díreach im fhiaghnuisi `make straight Thy path before me', Psalms v 8 . gach snáithe shligheadh . . . réidhe díorgha, Ériu v 58.26 . carput . . . co creitt uraird dírig, LL 189a5 . lámha dírgha datháille, Ériu iii 152 § 5 . colptha dirgi, RC xxiv 200 . is cethrachair ind fit[h]chill ┐ it dīrge a tithe, Corm. Y 607 . ro athchuirset da urchur fir-dhirge eturru, MR 254.17 . robtar reidhe dirghe fedha Erenn go sin, Leb. Gab.(i) 136 . na nglúinibh díorgha in their direct generations, Content. v 117 . as d.¤ donfuc Día God hath brought us direct, RC ix 462 .

Compar. cechaing ceim as dírgu (dirgiu, v.l.), Fél. March 20 . As superl. an lin[e] as dirgha dib sin, Ir. Astr. Tr. 128.x .

Adv. turesci . . . d.¤ tescas, Corm. Y 1244 . in fer fodrácaib co claen aitchid fris a facbail co d.¤ , FB 26 . rosined in dethach . . . | co d.¤ triasinn ahér, SR 2150 . an lampa ata a fiadnaisi an adhnuici co dírech right before the Sepulchre, Maund. 70 . scáili . . . bhís co dírech ider an grein ┐ an ré, O'Gr. Cat. 247.22 .

In adv. phrase cach ndíriuch straightly, directly (see GOI § 381 ): suas cach d.¤ , BCr. 18c4 . antúaid cachṅdìruch, 19c1 . dochuirethar . . . certli do Braun tar a gnúis cach n-dírech, Imr. Brain 62 . rogab ac slaide ┐ ic slectad in tslúaig cach nd.¤ , CRR 52 . teit a Temraig gach nd.¤ he goes straight out of T., Ériu iii 150 § 3 . dollotar . . . cech nd.¤ ar cind Throil, TTr.² 1509 . a n-aicen in mhara siar gach nd.¤ directly west, RC xiv 40 § 43 . do dēnomh ar in Spāinn gach ndīrech, Fl. Earls 10.3 . fear dom fhóir gach ndírighse straight away (?), Ó Bruad. ii 110 . Cf. ni fil iar nd.¤ scribind isin scribtuir bali as a tisad, Lec. 73a33 .

beirid díriug carries off, obtains ( GOI 240 ): ni berat diriug gl. delinquent, `they will not succeed', Ml. 54a24 . dugaithfiter .i. ní berat diriug gl. fallentur, 26 . ceniberat diriug, 28 . made huare nach rucsat diriug `vain, because they did not succeed', 54d16 . cen brith diriug (sic leg., doriug, MS.) neich adchobrat, 89b5 . huare nad rucsat diriug orcuin Duid `because they did not succeed in the slaying of David', 23b5 .

(b) straightforward, upright, just, right: is díriug dúib cretem do it is right for you to believe in Him, Wb. 17b32 . acht spiurt diriug `but an upright spirit', Ml. 71d2 . is díriug gl. equum est, 59d8 . is d.¤ a ndechor deg cinte persana right is their difference because they define persons, Sg. 197a13 . d.¤ cach dethbere every necessity is just, Laws ii 2 . cubus direch dianim, Ériu i 138.4 . is and míastair mess d.¤ for cách, ii 194 § 7 . athesc dobais d.¤ dói, ZCP iii 23 . rop d.¤ a forcitul, ACL iii 313 § 11 . is dīriug i mbésaib a dāna, Corm. Y 275 . Iubair dhírech dhil, BLism. 52b2 . do rug . . . breith dhíreach ar Ridire na Comhairle, ITS x 114 . iar ndliged direch, PH 4025 . do indithim in gníma dírig the just deed, 6083 . is dírech briathar an tigerna, 3 B 22, 86a5 . cuimnigh mo thimna .i. beith direach a ngradh do namad, 36a17 . cia an lóchrann soluis acht an mhéin díreach, TSh. 1443 . i n-aghaidh an réasúin dírigh, 3343 . chalender direch firinneach an accurate trustworthy calendar, 3 C 19, 284rb 30 . do bhí mé díreach aige I was perfect with Him, Psalms xviii 23 . an Tighearna . . . noch shaoras an díreach i ccroidhe the upright of heart, vii 10 . neithe ata dothuìgsighe, noch iompoighid an dream neamhfhoghlomtha ón gcéill dhírigh from the straight, direct sense, 2 Peter iii 16 . As sobriquet: Tadc Direach, Lec. 150d22 . do Cholgain mac Domnaill dírig, LL 181b22 . pl. atan dirgi ho chridiu, Ml. 30b2 . etercerta dirge, Tec. Corm. p. 56 n. 34 . bretha dírge, Bruss. 2569, 65b . Adv. is direch tuicther so tre Iob, PH 7696 . rigi firéna dogniat a follamnus co dírech, PH 4066 . legfim so thoruinn oir ni don liaigh go direach is iomchubaid e, 3 C 19, 56rb 36 . Compar. gurab íad is firinnighe dhirghe . . . ar a ffocloibh fon doman, Fl. Earls 92.22 . giodh dirga fodnait san adhbhar gaothmhar detmhor they are more directly serviceable, 3 C 22, 220a23 . Superl. dírgimem gl. aequissima, Ml. 49d5 .

As subst. in dirig gl. recti, Ml. 35a14 .

(c) actual, downright, real: nīrba dír co mbeith gné feōla dirgi fair oca caithem (of consecrated species miraculously changed into flesh and then changed back again), ZCP iii 36.27 . ? eter dā roth rosia digal d.¤ (from Cú Chulaind's `beochobra'), LL 119b37 .

Compds. ¤chenn straight-headed (opposed to cromm): ní mó is bachall ind oenchendach crom oldas in debennach d., D IV 2, 53b2 . ¤menmnach just-minded: díríug[men]mnig gl. anim[a] equiores, Thes. i 498 ( Ardm. 189a2 ). ¤scríbend: ​iar ndíriuch-scríbunn 'according to the literal text', Sex Aet. 95 § 63 . ¤thuillemain: d.¤ gl. rectum perpendiculum, O'Mulc. 745 .

do-airling

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-airling or dil.ie/17145
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tairling, taurblaing, taurlaing, turling, tairlengait, tairlenguit, tairlingit, tairbhlingit, tarblais, doarblaing, doeirbling, tarblaing, tarbling, tairbling, tarmlain, fors-tarblaig, tairlingis, tarblaingset, taurlaingset, tuirlingid, túir-

v (-aur-?) (* to-air-fo-ling-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 567 , see also GOI § 689 ). Ipv. 2 s. tairling, Hib. Min. 77.37 = taurblaing, 18 . Indic. 3 s. taurlaing, LU 5169 = turling, TBC-I¹ 688 . 3 pl. tairlengait, LL 248b22 . tairlenguit, IT iii 238 . tairlingit, TFerbe 8 . tairbhlingit, Hugh Roe 52.10 . Subj. pres. 2 s. co tarblais , BDD² 285 . Pret. 3 s. doarblaing, Tur. 60 ( Thes. i 488 ). doeirbling, 59 (pres.?). tarblaing, SR 7761 , TBC-I¹ 2347 . IT i 103 (LL). LL 21a8 . tarbling, Trip.² 2207 . tairbling, TBC-I¹ 2155 . FB § 36 . tarmlain, TBC-LL¹ 673 . fors-tarblaig (tarblaid, -dh, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. i 10 ( LL 162a23 ). (Mid. Ir. -s- form) tarblingis, FB §§ 39 , 40 . BB 260a33 . tairlingis, LB 272b42 . FB § 40 Eg. 3 pl. tarblaingset, MU² 506 . taurlaingset, FB § 15 . Later Mid. Ir. and mod. form tuirlingid (toir-, túir-).

Leaps down, descends, alights (esp. of dismounting from a chariot or horseback): doeirbling gl. desilit, Tur. 59 . doarblaing den chamull fora-mbói, 60 . doriacht F. ┐ tarblaing asa charput, TBC-I¹ 2347 ; 2155 , 688 . tarblingis asa carput , BB 260a33 ( SG 253 ). an tan no tharblaingedh whenever he dismounted, AFM vi 1920 = Hugh Roe 24 . tarblaiṅgset in slúag for inn faidchi, MU² 506 . tarblaing dorcha dar cach mag darkness descended, SR 7761 . gur thúirrlind ar bind don lomán (of a bird), Celt. Rev. x 135 . ro tharbhluingset forsan urdrochat (of prisoners lowering themselves from a window), Hugh Roe 14 . Fig. múr . . . fors-tarblaig Tephi-rún on which settled the name T., Metr. Dinds. i 10 . gur thoirling Mac Dé i ndaonnacht, AFM v 1710 . ná túirling ar chonntaraibh amadánta do not condescend, O'Gr. Cat. 537 .

Rarely trans.: toirling me go n-adhrar í set me down, A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 17 . túirling fraoch spéirlinge a mbíodhbhadh `humble the contentious rage', Ó Bruad. ii 10 .

? fetamain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? fetamain or dil.ie/21807

ind carbad foill fetamoin fionndrúinne, ZCP x 284.22 = carpat ... feta findglaine, TBC-I¹ 2548 . Cf. carput feig foduirn fechámail findruine, LL 189a2 .

féthamail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. féthamail or dil.ie/21832
Last Revised: 2013

adj i (3 féth) calm, peaceful: gaeth ḟethamail ḟírbláith, LL 135az = Rawl. 77b40 . la hinailt finn fethamail LL 144a37 . carput féig foduirn fethamail 'chariot … swift and strong and smooth', Celtica xi 196 . cid is dech do clerech ... ecosc fethamail, LB 260b69 . frecmharc ḟéigh ḟéthamhail, Ériu xiii 25.8 . fri forcital féthamail, ZCP xi 82.11 . (Prohibited to a breithem :) gan beith feigh, fethamail, fechemanta ..., Irish Texts iv 26z . Cf féchamail.

gressaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gressaid or dil.ie/26622

v (2 gres(s)) incites, urges, stimulates, provokes: (used of egging on a warrior) `grēsid in fer,' or Fergus fria muinter. `Roscāich do bruth,' or Bricriu, TBC-I¹ 1714 . trascraid Coinculaind fo thrí Mand. Conidgreis int ara, 2177 . ba hisa (leg. huisse) ... a bās ind ḟir rogresi ind rīg who had provoked the king, 2996 . With m. pron. aff.: grestai iarom gan a dighail | Briccriu briathrach, Anecd. i 52.3 . ro gabsat in conair ro greiss tiudfuabairt an techidh ... iad `they took the path to which the onset of the flight impelled them,' CCath. 778 . is i comairli ro greis in t-oman fair `... to which fear impelled him,' ib. 3893 . in lucht gusa ngresfet do stuic catha suin, 645 . in t-í ... is escaid, gresed in lesc, PH 5825 . ro-gresus in popul Iudaide o eut ... i n-a agaid, 3841 . ro-greis spirut he ... do dhul i ndíthrub, 4740 . cia ... nách greisfider im dénum maithiusa trias-na mírbulib-sea, 4657 . do greis a mic ... im calma (sic leg.) do denam, Celt. Rev. iv 10.14 . ro gresistar Eoip mor mac Saduirn cenn ... caich gasraid Greg do chum na Teibi do togail, TTebe 1263 . urges on, incites, spurs on (animals) : ro greseastair a eocha disciri, TTebe 1083 . rogreis a each dar muigib, 4351 . is hé rogrēss na gagru assin carput , ZCP viii 320.23 . rogres int ech co direch ar amus na ridiri, D IV 2, 72vb37 . greasais Maoilgheann draoi an laogh órdha go roling 'n-a bhfiadhnaise uile, Keat. ii 5396 . With fa sets on: co tanic Díchu co ngreis a choin fó na cléirchiu, Lat. Lives 51.3 . greasais daoscarshluagh an oireachta fúthaibh, Keat. iii 1428.

immarcraid, immḟorcraid, immarcaid, immacraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immarcraid, immḟorcraid, immarcaid, immacraid or dil.ie/27746
Last Revised: 2019

n i, f. ? Orig. n. imarcraid n-innisen, BDD § 152. excess, surplus, super-abundance, superfluity: télach neich din imarcraid lenda `a discharge of some of the excess of liquid,' Mon. Tall. 164.12 . nar abbraitis fir hErend, da tuitted Fer diad lessium, ba hi.¤ legis daberad fair that it was through his having given himself more medical attendance, TBC-LL¹ 3593. dobérthar in coiméit cetna a túaid co n-imarcraid fair, Sc.M² § 2 R. y . ise rogha in athar in imforcraidh d'aisic uadh, Laws ii 174.11 Comm. cidbe dib aga mbe an imarccaidh, v 500.x . noco n-imarcraid lium lan a n-eneclainni dun righ `I do not think it too much,' v 74.5 . aithgin na himurcraide ro caith tairis d'ic ris `compensation for the excess which the borrower has used of it,' v 282.8 . imacraidh tainic immach i ndeghaidh na hathghabala, O'D. 2444 ( Rawl. B 506, fo. 60a ). gidh bec inn imacraidh bes and 'however small the excess there may be', Mar. Dis. 42 § 21 . is emiltius fri héstidib is imarcraid n-innisen `superfluity of narration,' BDD § 152. ro leblaing mucc díb tarsin carput is i.¤ in mucc sain a Medb or cach `that swine is one too many,' RC xiii 450 § 37. erain no erail .i. imforcraid, O'Dav. 780. nir' furail no imforcraidh staraide cacha cineda `a historian of every race were not too much,' CCath. 4406. mor fer ... ro foirrgit ... tre imforcraidh in eccomlainn `many men were destroyed by the overwhelming of an unequal fight,' 6021 . ni mar sin d'iumarcraid na sprédi `a superfluity of wealth,' PH 7752. do-bheirdis do no bochtaibh | a mbíodh acu d'iomarcaidh, DDána 27a § 9 . himurcroigh saethair, RC xix 254 § 165. is e is oibir dilius don naduir gach ni is imarcraid ┐ is urcoiddi d'innarbadh, xlix 38 § 12 . labrum anois do imarcaidh (imurcraigh v.l.) étaigh na ndímsach `of the excess of the proud in the matter of dress,' De Contemptu 2184 . iomarcaidh no easbaidh sunnartha `excess or insufficiency of definition,' IGT Introd. 2.25 . conadh he Cath Finntragha conigi sin gan imarcaidh gan easbaidh, CF 1038. cuir aradhna don umhla | i srian an eich allmhurdha | ... | bhacfas í dá hiomarcaidh that will curb her pride (of the body), Studies 1933, 406 § 4 . maighdean nar bh'iomarcuidh uaill, DDána 38 § 29. an lucht fuair flaitheas nimhe le hiomarcaidh aithrighe, 39.15 . ní rug nech díb imarcrad ó chéile d'áirde iná do méit `no single one did, whether in height or bulk, exceed another,' SG 246.37 . an tan itheas nó ólas sé iomarcaidh, Donlevy 166.5 .

Used attributively: gabtar cumal imarcraid du gach gradh dib sin, Laws v 24.z Comm. is forrán fich ... ┐ iss anfola i.¤ ┐ díth degdáini, TTr. 1612. ba cuman la Hercoil ina ḟích i.¤ ┐ ina anfolaid anfóill in gnímsain, 377 . co nach berdis a bhrogha d'ughra na d'foireicen imarcaid uad-som, MR 148.12 .

Of people, very many, too many, a multitude: dia rucuidh imurcuidh daimhe les in flaith `if the chief should bring too large a company,' Laws ii 232.6 Comm. ro mharbh imarcaidh loach, ML² 1809. mar fuaratur imarcraid na nem-charat Mac Diarmata i mbaegal do dortsed fair, Ann. Conn. 1405 § 15. adcondaircc imarcraid na Tiabanda ag tromlaigi air, TTebe 4012 . atá an iomarcaidh dhíobh ceanghailte ... do neithibh saoghalta, Donlevy ix.z . forlucht .i. roimurcad daoine, RC xxvi 45 n. 6 .

From the meaning excess comes that of advantage, superiority (over) ; also oppression, injustice: ní bái immarcraid neich díb ac áraile neither had an advantage over the other, TBC-LL¹ 3008. ata congancnes agat d'iomarcadh cles agus gaisgidh toramsa, 3847 . imurc[r]aidh na n-uasal ar n-a huirislibh `the prevailing of the nobles over the lowly,' AU iii 468.29 . beg dochim d'imarcaidh air `I see but few arrears accumulated against him,' O'Gr. Cat. 501.18. ni geb-sa an imarcaidh sin buaibh `I will not accept that advantage from you,' Stair Erc. 1847. ro bui imarcraigh adhbulmór ac Filoces o Ercuil `Ph. had a very great advantage over H.', 339 . ní rodhlighset cenél cConaill imforcraidh ó chenél nEóghain `the Cinel Conaill had no right to submission from the Cinel Eoghain,' Hugh Roe 200.4 . ata imarcaid eli it chenn `there is another odds against thee,' MR 204.10 . ba anfola ┐ ba immarcraid ┐ ba écóir a cartad a purt, TTr. 216. gach ágh agas gach acais agas gach iomarcaigh do fearadh 'na cheann `all the contests, the virulence and the injustice that had been worked against him,' ML 100.4 . dorónsat an lucht úd fairbricch ┐ iomarcradh foirn, AFM v 1670.10 . ní théarnó uan i nUltaibh | luagh éanbhó dom iomurcaidh `there went not from me into Ulster unjustly even the value of a single cow,' TD 3 § 22. ar sduaigh n-úir mbionnḟoclaigh mBreagh | iomarcaidh dúinn do dhéineamh `that I had done wrong to the ... hero of Bregia,' 15 § 5 . an ga bulga ag Coin Chuluinn | iomarcaidh narbh ionfhuluing, DDána 104 § 26. mó do-niam ort d'iomarcaidh `I do thee a greater wrong,' 84.13 . na hiongantaigh a chiabh cham | go mbiadh th'iomarcaidh agam `that I should have a superiority over thee,' Studies 1928, 451 § 9 . go mbia ag na naomhaibh ar nimh | iomarcaidh tar na hainglibh, PBocht 77.37 .

arrogance: nach déinid munbhar ar fhear | éigion iomurcuidh na aithfear `for that against no man do they use murmuring, arrogance, or reproach,' Studies 1923, 599 § 17 . an túabhar agus an iomarcaidh `pride and arrogancy,' Proverbs viii 13. (lán) do shaint, d'fheirg, is d'iomarcaidh, A. Ó Dálaigh xix 7 .

d'immarcraid in addition, over and above, besides: dona .v. gaiscedaib dēc nobītis d'imorcraid (di imforcraid, LU) hi teaglach Conchobair, TBC-I¹ 557. cech bó ... ro chluined no-mbligtis da trian blechta d'immarcraid uadib, IT i 72.6 . pennait d'imarcraid do, Laws i 42.31 Comm. dialt d'imarcraid inti seach casbairdne, IT iii 12.z . ata brissed na haithne d'imarcraid i n-a ndenum dia domnaig `additionally wicked for being done on Sunday,' PH 7361. batar a trelmha diubhraicthi urlumha occo d'imarcraidh fós, CCath. 1854. inand ghabhaid acht gan illradh ag Lugh ┐ méd na mbrugh and d'iumarcaidh, IGT Decl. § 29. With poss. pl.: inann ghabaid ... d'úathadh ┐ d'illradh dá n-imarcaidh they are declined in the same way in the sing. and in the pl. too, IGT Decl. 48.5 .

In comparisons, a greater amount, a greater number (with gen. of person with whom comparison is made): ní fuair aon naomh i nEirinn iomarcraidh Cáoimhgin ó Dia `no saint ... got more than did C. from God,' BNnÉ 128 § 22. as-bert somh boí i.¤ na ndaoine mór aice do scélaib, ZCP x 421.2 . Similarly with poss.: ca dluidh duitsi ... ar nimarcraidhne do denum `what is the cause of your exceeding us [in plunder],' ZCP xi 40.14 . fuair a himarcraid ammaitechta ┐ tincetla druadh ... i tir na Tesaile `much more than her witchcraft,' CCath. 3911. doroini a aenar a n-imforcraid mait[h]isae uile `he by himself surpassed them all in valour,' 3545 . ni raibe ... lucht aenlunga fuair i n- (leg. a-n ?) imforcraidh urdurcais ... dara n-eisi `a crew that gained more distinction ... than they,' 2848 . Folld. by sech of obj. compared: co na fil fógnam d'imarcraid do Dia ico'n duine drúth sech na hainmigib brúidemla `a lustful man doeth no more service to God than the brute beasts,' PH 7458. bui d'imarcraidh airdi ann seach na muruibh `it was so much higher than the ramparts that ...,' CCath. 1847. tre imarcraidh (MS. imarcraigh) caenduthrachta sech in lucht batar rompa, Lism. L. 3758.

indlid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indlid or dil.ie/28474

Forms: indlide, indlithi, indeltai, inniolta, nos-indlethar, innilte

v (indell) i Part. indlide, SR 8147. indlithi, LU 8715. indeltai, Alex. 177. inniolta, Keat. Poems 1122. One deponent form occurs in indic. pres. s. 3 : nos-indlethar, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 6 . indell, q.v., used as vn. See also 1 indled.

(a) puts in, imposes: is diles iarum in ni indlither inund isin fine tre drochchuru ar cheilsine `what is returned into the tribe by bad contracts of tenancy is forfeited,' Laws ii 306.7 Comm. (gloss on : is dilis iarum, dia n-[e]acraither inniull inda-lla[a]t micoruib, ZCP xiv 379 § 43 = Laws ii 306.2 ). cia lin ar a n-innlither éiric chinadh in chintaigh `how many are they upon whom the `eric' -fine for the crime of the criminal is put,' iv 240.14 Comm. athgabail gabur im cina in ti innliter ar faoneolo isin tuaith, i 248.27 Comm.

(b) prepares, arranges, adjusts: ba trén ro indled leo insain | dia n-inred is dia n-argain, SR 5735. tire ... ar indeall a ndilse .i. is dilus iat amail indiltir a ndilsi `as soon as their alienation is arranged,' Laws v 426.2 and 7 Comm. inliter teora dabcha úarusci, LU 3794. dérguda indlithi prepared couches, 8715 . indell .i. glés (cleas, v.l.), ut est indell crot, cuislennaig céit .i. glésaighter na crota ┐ coraighter na cuisleanna `tune the harp,' O'Dav. 1095. tic Medb ... ┐ inlis cethri firu déc día sainmuintir fessin ... fora chind, LU 6159. ra sruth ra indiltea ┐ i lladair ra teilgthea (of the gae bulga), TBC-LL¹ 3873. ro innletar a saighti ... for srengsnáithib ... a fidbac, CCath. 5549. conadh benn chongna fíadha ro-innell an búachaill fáoi, BS 144.6 . fled ro hindled oc Drecain, Metr. Dinds. iv 16.28 . éirgidh, indlidh bar mbulga, Ériu iv 112 § 6. o'dchualaid Eitiocleis sin ... roindill a arm air anuas, TTebe 4534 . sleagh ar a ucht do hinnleadh (of Christ), PBocht 3 § 17. is tu dom innill imnidh `'tis thou alone hast brought grief to me,' Ó Bruad. ii 132.8 . tancatar co Ros Creda ... ocus int aenach innillti and, Cog. 14.21 . dobidg amac[h] iar n-indiuld an misceoil, RC xiii 222.41 .

Fig. of poetic composition : is ēicse athlam indlim `es ist eine behende Wissenschaft, die ich anspanne,' Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 76 § 8. Odras, úais ind ingen, fris' indlem laíd lúaidme, Metr. Dinds. iv 196.2 .

Especially in sense of preparing for battle, arrays, draws up, equips: innlit Ulaid iat fein a n-aghaid Muimhnech ... ┐ gabhuit a n-arma irghaili, Lism. L. 3106. Part. in sense of well-equipped: ceann na gcuradh gcaithinnilte , DDána 89 § 13. oclaich ailli innelta escaidhe ..., CCath. 5371. an tan fa réidh innilte iad do éirgheadar amach, Maguires of F. § 34. ollmaig go hinneallta triall `with due equipment make thou thy passage ready,' O'Gr. Cat. 590.22. dá gnúis álainn inniolta (of Ireland), Keat. Poems 1122. ba fuinneamhail tapaidh, ba ingealta a taisteal, ERuadh 479 . Used absolutely : ro iadsat ocus ro innillsetar mórchatha Muímhnech ... ma Maeldúin `arranged themselves,' MR 302.17 .

Frequently also of chariots, yokes, harnesses: innlit Ulaid noi gcairptiu dia toffunn ina n-en, IT i 143.6 . gabtair th'eich ... ┐ indillter do charpat, LU 8490. asbert Medb fria haraid ara nindled a nōi carpti dí, TBC-I¹ 153. [má] cotnici a innell ┐ ma dota a trelom [non-innill], ┐ mani fil a trelom nacha innill, TBC-LL¹ 2522 - 3 . do hindled a carput forsna heocha, ZCP viii 106.25 . rohindled a carbad do Ampiaraus ar echaib caema ..., TTebe 1512 . By extension : ro hindledh cethri helifainti don righ ┐ caislen claruig forro, Marco P. § 55.

breaks or trains an animal: na buirb nar hindled fri torbu `the fierce beasts which have not been yoked for profit' (glossing : buirb anindle, 268.20 ), Laws v 270.6 Comm. in cu ... na ro hindledh re torba (glossing : cu anindli, l. 5 ), 250.17 Comm.

(c) plots, plans, lays an ambush, sets (a snare) : ro hinnleadh in cealg amlaigh sin thus was the plot laid, Anecd. ii 77.24 . ar imgabail na hetarnaide ro hindlit ar a cind, PH 7053. ní aithnit gurab diabul do indill he they do not perceive that it is the devil who has set it, 7740 . ro indiltea na lina, LU 3107. ní indlium for íascu ... na eonu lína na gosti, Alex. 862. fuaradur Clann Muircertaigh a fhis sin ┐ do innledur sēn (? sic leg.) ar slightibh ┐ ar casanaibh ... `they lay in wait on the roads ...,' AU ii 472.1 . nár innill feall, Atlantis iv 222.23 . is e cétna ro indlestar airrcis ┐ cuithigh ar tús a n-Eirinn, RC xvi 44.7 . gach beart doirbh dhar hinnleadh air, Arch. Hib. i 91 § xii . sás gabhála na sé slógh | do hinnleadh le rígh na ríogh, DDána 21 § 17. gurab dochum chelcce ro innill an Seinesccal an choinne ísin, AFM v 1710.1 .

la

Cite this: eDIL s.v. la or dil.ie/29233
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: le, le, lé, lasin, lasa, laisin, lesin, lasna, laisna, leisna, lemm, lem, leim, limm, lim, lium, liúm, lat, latt, let, letha, leiss, leissem, leissom, less, lessom, lessem, les, lesom, lesem, laiss, laissem, lais, laisem, lais, laisseom, lasim, leis, leiside, lee, l, laee, lǽ, lea, léi-se, lenn, leinn, linn, línn, linni, linnai, liun, liunn, lenne, lib, leu, léu, leo, leö, liom, leam, leat, lat, leis, lais, leis, lé, linn, leinn, leann, libh, leibh, le, liu, lelele, li, lam, lam, láad, lat, lad, lea, lia, l, liar, lasmbi, lastorchair, la, leis

prep. with accus. See GOI § 845 , Fraser, ZCP viii 46 ff . Occasionally with d p. of 1 suide: la suidib, Sg., 4a9 , Wb. 6b17 . 8a12 . 9c2 . 17d11 (but a p. la suidiu, 8a11 . 9b17 ). In IGT listed among the nine unaccented particles which do not cause inflection of masculine nouns ( IGT Introd. § 75 ). See also Magauran 4227 n. For the form in immaille(i) ille(i) see GOI § 44 , § 841 .

FORMS. With follg. noun: le, Cambr. ( Thes. ii 247.22 ). la, O. Ir. glosses and SR pass., also in early Middle Irish MS. texts, and concurrently with le, lé in later ones (le (sic MS.), AU 1085 ). For exx. see citations below. Doubling of follg. m, n, occurs sporadically in the O. Ir. glosses: la mmaccu, Wb. 19c15 . Ml. 49a20 . la mméit, 95d13 . 91c19 . la mmarbu, Wb. 25b22 . la nnech, Ml. 42c13 ; cf. also la gglais, Ardm. 17a ( Thes. ii 238.12 ). In later MSS. h is prefixed to a following stressed vowel. In later lang. also leis before certain proclitics: leis gach fear, TD 9.101 . leis gach neach, DDána 100.1 .

With article: s. lasin, etc. lasin conair, Ml. 45c9 . lasin sruth, Dinds. 52. lasa (n.), LU 10652. laisin, ZCP viii 107.3 . lesin, TBC-LL¹ 2374 , PH 7339. In later lang. leis an ( Dán Dé xviii 10 ). pl. lasna, Sg. 28a18 . Hib. Min. 3.75 . LU 8202. laisna. Ériu iii 140.184 . leisna, BNnÉ 70 § 116 , ZCP v 495.z .

With suff. pron. 1. s. lemm, Wb. 1b10 . 2c27 . 4b17 . 7a3 . lem, 5b31 . 14d16 . leim, Sg. 209b30 . limm, Wb. 19b7 , 23a18 , 23 . 23b34 . 24a27 . Sg. 188a19 . SR 1595. 3353 . lim, Wb. 7d3 . 8a3 , 8c17 . 23a27 . Ml. 55a4 . SR 1201 , 3361 . lium, Wb. 18a1 . Ml. 45c7 . 46c18 . 87b17 . 96a10 . 105b7 . 117d4 . 127c13 . liúm, 106b6 . 2 s. lat pass. in O. Ir. glosses: Wb. 10a10 . 16b11 . 29d18 , etc. Ml. 65a2 . 73a10 , 111a5 , etc. Sg. 215b5 . SR 1757. 2443 . latt, Bvi 74. let, SR 1593. 3 s. m. and n. Archaic (m.) letha, ZCP xx 401.8 ( GOI § 433 ) leiss, Wb. 6b8 , 16 . 14a22 . Sg. 29b12 , 13 , 19 . 61a16 . 93b8 . leissem, Sg. 10a11 . 28a18 . BCr. 32a5 , 32b6 . leissom, Wb. 33a2 . less, Wb. 6b21 , 26a8 . Ml. 35d24 . 71c12 . 129a9 . lessom, Wb. 10a14 , 24a17 . Ml. 47d2 , 131c14 , 132c6 . lessem, Sg. 77b6 . les, Wb. 10a2 , 32c2 . Ml. 18b1 , 34c17 , 55c1 . lesom, Ml. 18c6 , 23b12 , 53a1 , etc. lesem, Ml. 50b10 . laiss, Wb. 24b27 . SR 5791. laissem, Sg. 149b4 . lais, Sg. 153b7 . laisem, 158b6 . lais, SR 639 , 1631 , 2185 , 2591 , 2799 , 4969 . laisseom, LU 1425. lasim, Mon. Tall. 138.15 . leis, Sg. 111a3 , 202a7 . SR 637 , 2791 , 4971 (: geis), 630 . leiside, LU 1418. 3 s. f. lee, Sg. 167a4 . LU 3882. l, Laws ii 372.5 . laee, Wb. 14a37 . lǽ, 24d11 . lea, SR 3016. léi-se (: éise), Dán Dé ii 24 . 1 pl. lenn, Wb. 4a27 . SR 1615. leinn, GOI § 433. linn, Wb. 13b9 , 18a16 , etc. Ml. 30a2 , 5 . Sg. 198a6 , 207b11 . línn, Wb. 25a27 . linni, 4c23 . Ml. 26b6 , 10 . 30c3 . Sg. 149b7 , 160b2 , 207b9 , etc. linnai, Ml. 92c5 , 120b2 . liun, Ml. 89d6 . liunn, 112b13 . lenne, LU 1387. 2 pl. lib, Wb. 5a13 , 5d33 , 7d3 , 26a9 , etc. Ml. 115b10 . 3 pl. leu, Wb. 1d15 , 5d20 , 26d22 , etc. Ml. 3a6 , 14 . 33c13 , 35c23 , 43d1 , 102c8 , 139c3 , etc. léu, Wb. 30c11 . leo, 7d10 . Sg. 148b9 . 147a10 , 203a4 , etc. leö (disyll.), Blathm. 102 § 41. Archaic(?) lethu, Thes. ii 241.4 , Hy. ii 17 (see notes). Otia ii 86.8 ( GOI 52.3 ). For classical verse the forms given in the tracts are: liom leam leat lat leis lais (m.) leis (n.) lé linn leinn leann (lionn `lochdach') libh leibh le, 24 P 8, 194 (see also 190 , 218 ) = Bard. Synt. Tr. 7 ; cf. lionn: cionn, O'R. Poems 308. liu, Luc. Fid. 3212 .

With aile: lelele, Wb. 16c24 . li alaile, GOI § 845.

With possessives. 1 s. lam menmuin, Wb. 3d13 . lam' rig, SR 336. 627 . 2 s. láad muindtir, Mon. Tall. § 6 . lat tarb, LL 7644 . lad gráin, BDD² 1500 . 3 s. and pl. lea, Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 37 § 5 . lia muntir (3 s. m.), Thes. ii 249.9 . lía mathair, SR 2828 . lia n-athir, Ml. 127b2 . lea hanāil, LU 10599 . le a, Ériu ix 164 § 17. l, Content. ii 15 . le athair, DDána 65.31 . lá olc, LU 1390 . la náimtiu (3 pl.), LL 260b33 (Lg.). lea fuaire . . . lena thes, Maund. 136 . lena choin, Feis Tighe Chonáin 757. So also TSh. 1 pl. lar tir, Ériu iii 136.44 . liar, GOI § 845.

With rel. In O. Ir. las(a) n-: lassa ndenatar, Ml. 84a11 . lasa ndernad, Thes. ii 289.5 . lasa mbiat, Ml. 75b2 . lasmbi, 24a19 . lastorchair, ZCP viii 302.20 . lasra chētgabtha, 303.1 . Later forms: le ndingnad, PH 7526 . le ffaicfe, BNnÉ 74 § 133 . lea ttuitionn, Párl. na mB. 1207 . le gcurthaoi, Ériu i 101.7 . le a ndamnuighthear, Luc. Fid. 2989 . le ar chuireas, ML 110.4 . lé 'r-buail, PH 7653 . lé n-ar chuiris, Párl. na mB. 907 . Note also: leis a mbí, Bard. Synt. Tr. 4. lé n-a n-oiltior, Párl. na mB. 917 . With copula: O. Ir. la sin(n), Ml. 53c16 , 129b3 , 131d11 . Later: an fear lena holc ┐ lenab olc ┐ len holc . . . an fear le nach olc ┐ leis nach olc, Bard. Synt. Tr. 25 ( leis nach beag, DDána 37.4 ). learbh annsa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 762 . na fir len leis an fearann, Bard. Synt. Tr. 26. (cryptic) loiscia .i. liath (? = lia 'with his' etc.) Goid. § 163 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 . losca (? MS. losco) .i. leo 'with them' Goid. § 181 , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

In a number of idioms used concurrently with FRI, which it to a large extent replaces in the modern language.

MEANINGS.

I Denoting spatial proximity

(a) beside, by, touching : dollécet a láma la tóeb fochetóir, LU 8212 ( FB 16 ). amal roboí . . . laa and la toíb ind locha, LL 14439 ( Ériu v 208 ). snidig banna la taeb na columa medonchi in cech aimser, PH 6356 . trí chéad each le gcurthaoi srian, Ériu i 101.7 ( co n-allaib óir friu, LL 13246 ). a uille do leicen leiss to rest his elbow upon it, Fl. Earls 216.26 . gur léig a leathcheann lé a leathbhrollach, PCT 557 ( Gadelica 127 ). dia mbúi fecht lasan muir amuich go bfacuidh an días Erionnach dia ḟios, Ériu iv 63.26 (here the pseudo-archaic `lasan' may be a scribal affectation). ar bhfaicsin déar le a gruaidh, DDána 69.11 . Cf. beith le remonstrating with: dob é rún Ríogh . . . , beith léise ar lot na habhla, DDána 5.25 . Cf. FRI I (b).

(b) along by (see also I (d) below): flesc for dib ṅgablaib lasin conair immetiagat do erissem dia lethlaim furi a railing along the way they go on which to rest a hand, Ml. 45c9 . a sescunn da cor la descert léni la fur conrici hucht noi nomne `from the Moor of two Hillocks by the south of the meadow, by Fur as far as the Nine-Trees Hill', Thes. ii 238 ( Ardm. 17a ). ótha crích drommo nit cu glais tamlachtae dublocha la gglais cu grenlaich fote `from the border of Druim Nit to the stream of T.D. by the stream to G.F.' ib. le hairer nÉrenn, BDD² 253.

(c) along with, in the same direction as; in motion with: luid leo fades, Thes. ii 240.18 ( Ardm. 18a ). luid espscop fith leo for longis, ib. do thuidecht lat illei, Wb. 30b17 . ar tuidecht leu do brith macc nIsrahel i ndoiri for coming with them to carry the children of Israel into captivity, Ml. 113c8 . in gilla do thecht . . . / le . . . istech talman, SR 3196 . is amlaid tánic A. ┐ a tri meic les, LU 17. do hindled a carput forsna heocha ┐ nusfaīdhe pātric cen duine leo cu feótur ina dísirt la Mochtae, ZCP viii 106.24 . tairsiu féin lat tarb, LL 7646 ( TBC-LL¹ 106 ). ní regat lend they shall not go with us, LU 4632 . ticfaitis fosta fer Fernmaige leiss, TBC-LL¹ 833 . tánic ┐ cóeca ingen lee connici in comdáil, LU 3882 ( SCC 39 ). tanic . . . co n-epscopu ┐ braithri imda lais, PH 1587 ; cf. a taidchrec co sommataid ┐ setaib leu, Ml. 123c10 . do ruacht fer . . . sin tech ┐ fer fo lind leis, LL 7672 ( TBC-LL¹ 135 ). dochóid F. lasin n-athesc sin F. went with that reply, LU 8099 . is é seo mo chétḟechtsa latsu bud é mo ḟecht dedenach, LL 8599 ( TBC-LL¹ 1207 ).

(d) following the course of, secundum (flumen): lotar lasin sruth gó a bunad, Dinds. 52 ( BB 377a41 ). o indill Laeg in gae Aife / lesin t-ṡruth, TBC-LL¹ 2373 . is ann luidhes lasin mBoind sair, ZCP i 464.24 . rosnaid Osine in snaschur ┐ focheird e la sruth na tiprat co hAth na Feile, Dinds. 52 = BB 377a38 . ba sed comarc boi eturra, tomlacht na mbo do lecun lasin sruth, cor'bo find in glaisi in a ndocum, Dinds. 53 ( BB 378a38 ) = ra doírt . . . blegon . . . lasin ṅglassi, LL 169b53 . (cf. Ériu ii 22 , Keat. ii 226 . lasin sruth is represented in the first by: iarsan abaind, in the second by: ris an sruth, see FRI II).

(e) with, in the company of: conrobith i n-indocbáil la Crist `so that ye be in glory with Christ', Wb. 26a28 . attrab la Dia `to dwell with God', Ml. 92a9 . ciatasode lat ar écin `though thou keep her with thee perforce', Wb. 10a10 . nepproinde la geinti `of not dining with Gentiles', 19a10 . bes nobed nech aile leis ocind airchellad, Sg. 202a7 . bíad ind nim láad muindtirsiu `they shall be in heaven along with thy monks', Mon. Tall. 6 = fa re do mhuinntire si, Rule of Tallaght 40 . dubbert Pátricc cumtach du Fíacc . . . ┐ fácab morfeser lais dia muintir, Thes. ii 241.17 ( Ardm. 18a ). ainfa lib `I will tarry with you', Wb. 14a8 . corran célide libsi, 7a17 . congab iar suidiu i nDomnuch Féicc et baí and contorchartar tri fichit fer dia muintir lais and `after this he set up in D.D., and abode there until three score men of his community had fallen there beside him', Thes. ii 242.2 ( Ardm. 18a ). conna hacced nech leo hí that no one might see her with them, LL 260b13 ( LMU 11 ). In sense of alone . dob annamh thusa leat féin thou wert seldom alone, KMMisc. 346.8 . (see further Éigse viii 101 ). focal leis féin a word in its own right, a self-contained word (distinguished from a mere prefix such as comh- deagh-, etc.), IGT Introd. § 100 . See Celtica i 390 . In special sense: ni legend rollegusa la Petor `it is not a reading which I have read with Peter', Wb. 19a6 (cf. V (e) below). mosaithin aicce í / do lēigenn lē entrusted her to her to study with her, ACL iii 308 vi 9 .

(f) with , of mental relations and abstract qualities or notions; in some exx. assistance is implied: ls leu dorignius chomgnimu studivi innocentibus coniungi, Ml. 47a20 . socii .i. fodaimet immalle lium ón ┐ con dogailsegetar lium immalle dano `who endure along with me, and who also are sorrowful along with me', Ml. 87b17 . dia feidliged ires foirbthe leu, 136d2 . frithbruduth ointad la fírianu `refusal of oneness with the righteous', 76c4 . contísed P. do thoorund a luic lais, Thes. ii 242.7 ( Ardm. 18b ). gorb'é bés bfer nErenn beith leisan tí budh treisi to side with him who was strongest, Expugn. Hib. 74 . do thabhairt a lla baige leou, Ann. Conn. 52.12 . níl aoinfer ar in sgelsa leis, Rel. Celt. ii 293.28 . guidhim sibhsi fa beith lium uma cend I pray you to aid me concerning it, Fier. 96 . guidim sib fa cend beth lium im cach ní I beg you to side with me, 122 . With ellipse of verb: guidhim liom . . . / an chéad míle mairtíreach, Dán Dé xxv 62 . gā tarbha an béal do bheith lais / san inntinn ina éagmhais, xxii 20 . an lucht do-beir iad féin do shainnt an tsaoghail . . . óir saoilid go mairfeadh sin leó do shíor, TSh. 220. feib atré in mac bec atresat a gníma oclachais leis, TBC-LL¹ 985 . teid in ingen co n-ēgaīne moir lé dochum a hathar, RC vi 174.16 . scela lat hast thou news ? LU 7987 ( BDD 166 ). ZCP xiii 177.15 . dochóid F. lasin n-athesc sin F. went with that reply, LU 8099 ( FB 7 ). an teachtaire tig le haitheasgaib Dé, Dán Dé xiv 26 . an toisg lér chuirios iad the errand on which I sent them, ML 110.4 . abradh fris conā tardad gráin na hirfuath leis ina dochum, ACL iii 5.8 . cona gabur . . . e can fir De lais, Laws iv 294.20 . dá gcaitheam thú leis an toil if I consume Thee with (sinful) desire in my heart, Dán Dé xviii 10 . Also in spite of: ní léigfiom úainn . . . / le a bheirt . . . nglanmháilligh . . . / an sduaigh I will not let the chieftain go, for all his suit of polished mail, Ériu ix 164 § 17 .

(g) with, in custody of, at the disposal of; carried or worn by: fodord doib di dommatu ┐ dufuairthed ní leu forasaith din main, Ml. 97d10 . fáccab Áed aidacht la Conchad, Thes. ii 242.20 ( Ardm. 18b ). admuiniur in slánicid foracab dian cecht lia muintir, Thes. ii 249.9 . co lóg leu á fognama hiro-batar di mainib inna n-egiptacdae, Ml. 84c12 . mar aes mbraith . . . / cen scribenn lib, SR 3479 . gaisced lasin n-íngin, LU 4522 . claidib gelduirn léo, TBC-LL¹ 175 . is leis . . . frith escra na E., SR 3592 . ra leiced Fer loga . . . siar dia bliadna ┐ da gabair Conchobair leis, LL 13246 ( Sc.M² 20 ). doriacht Niall immach ┐ in indeoin cona cip lais, RC xxiv 194.6 . rofhóid . . . a gilla, ┐ a bréit allais lais, airm a mbói, PH 2193 . is amlaid tancatar, co slogu mora ┐ co n-ascadaib examla leo, LB 198b27 ( PH 6972 ). co n-imat piast . . . co mellaib dergaib umaide leo ina lámaib, PH 8312 . ni dlegait lōn leo for sét / . . . acht an ccéin rabhaitt amuigh / rī Érenn da bhfriothāilimh, ZCP viii 116 § 12. Common in this sense with beirid and do-beir (q.v.): an rí chondaigi hi foss / manimbera latt ní fogbai, Thes. ii 296 . iarsindí dunnucsat i ndoiri leu `after they had brought us into captivity with them', Ml. 92d1 . manimbera su latt if thou dost not carry me off, LL 260a43 ( LMU 9 ). do bert a chend ┐ a fodb lais, LU 5144. co ructáis a chend leo, TBC-LL¹ 1433.

(h) along with, and, in addition to, as well as: la cach cuimliucht ol chenae gl. hoc reliquis quoque commodis iungetur, Ml. 112c9 . ni lour in degforcitlaid maní be indithem leir . . . lasin `withal', 53c18 . tórmaig la cach maith dubir dúnni ar ṅglanad hua . . . chomroircnib gl. adde ad augmentum benignitatis tuae ut ab errore nos convertas, 105d4 . la sassad inna n-anmandae gl. et quod est amplius post expletionem . . . animantium, 129d16 . is airi nistabur la k ┐ q gl. h . . . aspirationis est magis nota, Sg. 4b13 . lasin ngutai inna degaid, 7b6 . co ndechatar [int sailm] mudhaigh hi tempal lasind canoin ol chena, Hib. Min. 7.210 (`they were lost in the Temple with the rest of the Canon', Strachan, RC xxviii 203 ). int[ṡ]ailim lasna noibscribhinna atarimim `I reckon the Psalms with the Sacred writings', Hib. Min. 3.75 . ataruirmiset la gerind `they have reckoned them (i.e. participles) with the gerund', Sg. 188a1 . biit remsuidigthi uaraib cen briathra leo, 215a6 (cf. friu in similar sense, 5). sens magis ┐ posit leiss `the sense of magis and with it the positive', 39a29 . atá dechor n-aimsire hi suidib la cumscugud coibedne, gl. etiam in prima persona habent differentias temporum, 146b15 . da cet mile . . . / la tri cethair cethrachat, SR 116 . tricha lathi . . . / la dech n-úara ┐ lethuar, 225 . immon Michil lasin crosfigill so, immon Muiri lasind crosfigell n-aile, Mon. Tall. 28 . masui dina[i]p Psalmaibh [in tituil] cid arna gabtair leu ? Minip dinaib psalmaib, cid ar[a]scriphthair leu?, Hib. Min. 7.230 . gaibti seom tra teora biadi ┐ magnificat la cach naí, Mon. Tall. 5 . ronbiat da tír lar tír we shall have two countries in addition to our own, Ériu iii 136.44 . bennacht fort . . . la céol nimhe deit dara éisi, BNnÉ 92 § 202 . co ndechaid [in rí] docum ithfrinn . . . la dilsi a thire do Senán ó sin amach, Lism. L. 2328 . condasloic . . . lasa loim gabais asind lestur swallowed her along with the draught, LU 10652 . atat sin sin duma . . . / iii. meic ríg . . . / la tri ingena, 2866 . See also s.v. taeb (la, fri, t.). In leiss (etc.) also; either : ind indocbál doratad do Crist condartar dúnni less gl. coheredes autem Christi, si tamen compatimus ut et simul glorificemur Wb. 4a18 is possibly an early ex. of this (cf. ZCP xvii 223 ). sine é sin ná tusa ┐ na mise leis, Celt. Rev. ix 142.25 (text and MS. late). rachaidh leis féin ar foghuil / raghaidh leis le féin bhFuinidh will go also, Bard. Synt. Tr. 8.10 . lais in this meaning forbidden, ibid. ? ré bliadhna ┐ beagán lais, TD 15.10 .

(i) with, assisting, on behalf of: ar debaid . . . leis fri Senach, LU 3342 ( SCC 13 ). dena ernuighthi leamsa curab reidh dham dhul, Lism. L. 1560 (= ora pro me, Lat. Lives 82 ). ro ghabh B. pater leis, Lism. L. 1566 (= orante B. pro eo, Lat. Lives 82 ).

II Of temporal relations.

(a) Marking point of time, coincidence of occurrence or action. Of point of time: is gnád bróen . . . oca turcbáil ┐ lia fuined, BCr. 18c2 . dognisom ind figild la matain `he performs the vigil at matins', Mon. Tall. 30 (= ar maidin, Rule of Tallaght 96a ). la turcbáil ṅgréne at dawn, TBC-LL¹ 634 . la fuinead ṅgréne, Ériu iv 138.24 . PH 5108. la fescor, PH 1699 . ro imthig reme la doshoillsi na maitne, Grail 1324 . ni tigdis acht le deghdil (= dedail) laoi nó le tosach seachdmuine, ZCP x 291.16 . Cf. la linn (3 linn). Of actions: cóichet na heichsi a gilli for se la fegad co andíaraid fair, LU 8522 ( FB 38 ). la fuirmed in mátan fair, LU 8545 ( FB 40 ). gairfitit . . . le guth a Dūileman (sic leg.), ZCP viii 212.22 . adbered-seom iarum la déicsiu in chuaich . . ., Ériu i 46.11 . tinoilis T. a muintir . . . fo cetoir la hairiugud Cesair cuige, CCath. 3735 . forba ┐ crich do dul for in forbunn rechtaide la tuidecht soscela, PH 3450 . rogab . . . imecla Sir Persaual la faicsin inn eich, Grail 1974 . Freq. in la sin and esp. la sodain with that, immediately, thereupon : dofeccai secha a gabuir . . . lasin donic in gabuir chuci, LL 14155 ( RC iii 184 ). See 1 sin. colláa th'ais tra ol sesem . . . La sodoin fochedoir slechtais C., Mon. Tall. 7 . la sodain téit úad, LU 6100 . ni thó or seiseom. La sodain focheird bedg cuce, LL 260a41 ( LMU 9 ). See 1 suide. Note also: cani du pater fothrí lase thereat, Thes. ii 249.3 . leis sin thereupon, TSh. 364.

(b) This sense sometimes merges into that of III (a); cucut . . . thánac do nim / la forngairi De, SR 1696 . luid for muir . . . lá forcongra Pátraic, Trip.² 2633 . do choid ass . . . in draicc iar sin la brethir in apstail, PH 2505 (cf. soithis A. fri brēithir a mathar, Cáin Ad. 8 . issí . . . rotathbēogadh . . . fri brathair nA., 10 ). rofacsat i n-aenla i la clois[t]eacht Cesair amain `merely on hearing of C.', CCath. 815 . ro eirigh an ben iar sin lé haithne Maodócc `at the command of M.', BNnÉ 218.28 . attracht in duine . . . la cloisteacht in sceōil `on hearing the story', Fl. Earls 194.1 . Cf. VI (b).

(c) during : dogéna sibh an caiscc si mara ndernabhair hí leisna secht mbliadnaibh ele si, BNnÉ 70 § 116 . ni lamar la graifne in gáid / élud, aithne, athgabáil, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.223 . lé ló in his time Content. ii 15 (cf. réd lá, xxiii 4 . rem lá, ACL iii 304.20 ). le haimsir, Párl. na mB. 17 . This use seems confined to later texts and is probably derived from FRI IX (b) q.v.

III

(a) on account of, because of, by reason of (see also II (b) last para., and FRI IV (b)): ní aicci ní lia mescai `he sees nothing for his drunkenness', Ml. 94c3 . gabail mo gotha dim la mméit inna nimned forodamar, Ml. 95d13 . ingnad lesom cutuim doib lammeit inna soinmige hirobatar, Ml. 91c19 . co mbo nem tened indala leth dind rígthig lasna claidbiu ┐ la fáebra na ngái, LU 8202 ( FB 15 ). lasin siabrad ro síabrad immi, LU 9143 ( FB 88 ). ce do faidsad snathat for lar . . . rocluinfide lasin tuí imbítis, LL 12557 ( Ériu iv 30 ). co mboi C. oc sirchuí lásin ngolltraighes, RC vi 183.16 . ba failid lais labra fris la somillsi a indsci, Grail 2187 . gu ro facsat sruithi . . . a n-istuda . . . la homun Cesair, CCath. 772 . ba huathad ro ela dib la f[a]ebra ┐ tennti ┐ biasta what with blades and fires and wild animals, few of them escaped, PH 6326 . le [a] mhéd rachas da ríodhún / a n-íobha slógh mear Mumhan / budh hól gan fear n-ealudhan, Ériu v 54.30 . Cf. II (b). ar ecla Chuind ┐ la hecla rīg Ulad, ZCP viii 274.25 . techit la crith ┐ omon Meic C., LU 7237 `with trembling and terror of Mac C. they flee', BDD 90 . tobur nach etir le duine . . . d'ol lea ḟuaire a ló ┐ lena thes a n-oidhchi, Maund. 136 . ní caomhnactar a feughadh . . . leis na ruithnibh diághadha, ZCP v 495.z . le na fad liumsa co faca tusa anocht, docuadhus . . . gut' iaraid, ZCP vi 66.21 . ni cumgat ni la Mac nDe, Anecd. iii 55.27 . nir ḟētsat in tech d'fāgbāil la daingne an iadhtha bái fair, Irish Texts i 42.10 . níorbh iongnadh le méad a sluaig ar ngéill do Chian it was no wonder we submitted to C., considering the size of his army, Ériu i 93.18 . tic la egsamlacht an inaid . . . examlacht an blassa (o, a, v.l.), Ir. Astr. Tr. 40.11 .

(b) In the following exx. the notions of purpose and instrument are more prominent; through the agency of, by means of: in tan scaras fria thola leo `when by means of them he separates from his desires', Thes. ii 247.7 (Cambr. Hom.). am dechaid a trian sin la bruith `when that third had boiled away', Mon. Tall. 52 . dolduid bannan bec bec as lasind fascad fottai `by reason of the long squeezing', 61 . rogabtha a cossae cona dernae figild rée mor ria necaib lasind forcrid dorigni dia naild, 34 (= ar an iomarcaigh dorighne se cheana, Rule of Tallaght 103 ). Cf. nombeir fort muin connesbiur dich latt take me on thy back that I may get (lit. drink) a drink with (by means of?) thee, RC x 214.z . gach paiter dar gabus riam lesin mbelsin, PH 7339 . is í so in t-ochtmad plág lér buail Dia Faró, 7653 . gach ní at-chluinim leis an gcluais, Dán Dé ix 6 . in spreid la ndíngned nech a bethugud, PH 7526 . clann do dhénuimh . . . dhi / le féghuin an éoin eile, IGT Decl. ex. 496 (= ar fēgad, ACL iii 238 ). rostad a n-éisg doníd ar chlochaib leisan grēin, Maund. 49 . maothuighthear í . . . le fothrogadh fola do thabhairt dí, Mac Aingil 306 . dogheba sibh . . . soinean maith le ffaicfe sibh an t-oilén so, BNnÉ 74.9 . geas do bhí ar an sleigh sin . . . gan bainéacht do dhéanamh lé, Keat. ii 4390 . an t-urchar . . . ler thuit morbhar G., Rel. Celt. ii 194.13 . ag gáire le guth mór, Dán Dé xxix 5 (cf. ro nuall o guth mor, PH 2898 = do éigh do ghuth ard, Matthew xxvii 46 ). Of persons: dochotar martra la heachtrandu, YBL 12a28 . ata Muma lais i ssíd through him M. is at peace, LL 19073 . tairthe na bhfeadh leat do lúb, L. Cl. A. B. 234.6 . Cf. II (b).

(c) Of accompanying circumstance or condition; contemporary action: nach comai[r]le . . . dognither la fortach[t] Dae is bithsuthin adae, Ml. 51b28 . ar bá fio factus sum dogéni prius; suffio sufiui immurgu la cumscugud n-inne, Sg. 185b4 . ní choímnacair a fogbail lá doirchi na aidchi, Trip.² 1446 (126) . focheird deit chubus . . . la slemni `send him away from thy confession gently', Mon. Tall. 2 . a mesrugud do neuch tra buddesin la eolus ind fita, 63 . ni aurcail dano laisiom do neoch cid chodala a lórtid acht rop la forcomet na trade colleir `provided that he diligently observe the hours', 82 . praind do tomailt la marb hi tig to eat a meal whilst in a house where there is a dead man, 65 . dá ndeach le bás mbeannaighthe, Studies 1918, 282 § 16 . isin rainn is nesam do dochuaidh la cundtabairt he goes (lit. has gone) to the next division to it by reason of the doubt, Laws iv 192.7. Comm . do-chúaidh an gort san choll go ndearna an tsoil .g. aris de la a bheith bog na choll chumuisg (i.e. g + c = cc but s + cc = sg), IGT Introd. § 30 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol, Fl. Earls 90.4 . caith le daondacht a bhfoighe, O'Gr. Cat. 29.5 . dochuir urnaighthe diochra go Dia . . . gidh edh nir treicc . . . a troim-easlainte leissin hé for all that, BNnÉ 275 § 257 . Cf. la dēcim felmac (.i. is amlaid ataciim conid mac foglamma) `according to what I see (he is only) a pupil' RC xxvi 14.12 . ( Rawl. 108a5 .)

(d) Expressing purpose with follg. vn.: lé a congbháil ó fhéin fhuinidh `to guard it', TD 10.16 . ní le rádh uirre is iomdha (of Jerusalem), 17.25 . la furtacht d'faghail in order to get help, Stair Erc. 78 . ar an leabhar . . . noch atā le taisbēanadh, Párl. na mB. 133 .

IV Expressing agency by, by the hands of, by direction or order of.

(a) With pass. verb. dogéntar aidchumtach tempuil less, Wb. 26a8 . congabtis gabala linn, 19a4 . a molad . . . lúaidfidir láedib limmsa `it will be sung in lays by me', Thes. ii 295.7 (Cod. S. Pauli). indí lassandenatar inna cumtach `those by whom the ornamentations are made', Ml. 84a11 . gabthe dunad les fris `a camp was pitched by him (Saul) against him (David)' Ml. 55c1 . dichossecrad inna cathrach conrotacht la duaid `of the consecration of the city that was built by David', 48d27 . conoscaighther du scath immut la cumscugud inna grene gl. sicut umbra corpus sequitur et conversionibus solis inflectitur, 118c12 . amal asrobrad leusom, Ml. 37b24 . oroit ar Thurcain lasandernad in [c]hrossa, Thes. ii 289.5 . oroit . . . do Flaund . . . do rig Herenn lasandernad a cumddachso (i.e. to whose order?), 11 . ised canir leisim, Mon. Tall. 131.11 . rothinolad lais . . ./ na fuair frisna secht ṁbliadnaib, SR 3393 . díaro sáertha na mná la Adomnan ┐ la Fínnachta Fledach, la ríg nÉrend, ┐ la mathib hErend ar chena, LU 2258 ( FA 32 ). do toglad in dun la Coin Culaind, RC vi 184.28 . Tigernmas . . . / leis ro berbad . . . méin óir a tús i nHerind, LL 2046 (cf. is aciside doronta ilbrechta i n-étaigib, 2037 ). darónad urgnam bíd ┐ lenna leo, TBC-LL¹ 811 . ro alt la Conchobar, LL 260a11 ( LMU 6 ). C. . . . lasrachētgabtha comgni, ZCP viii 303.1 . rohailed in mac sin la Cathbad, RC vi 178.129 . Marchelli din . . . is lais do-ronad leiges in abbad, PH 555 . gabthar Ailill la hÉ., RC xxiv 186.2 . a chlár . . . ler cabhradh cách, DDána 2.6 . Sometimes with ellipsis of the verb: ni do chach la Meidb in lind dálter for Fer ṁbáeth, TBC-LL¹ 2167 = ni do chách berar la Meidb, TBC St. 1926 . lechtain le Pedar / isan offrend ard uasal the lectio was introduced by Peter, ZCP viii 115 § 31. Frequ. with impersonal forms of intransitive verbs: dutiagar leu du failti fris[i]n ríg, Ml. 116b5 . dochuas (docuas v.l.) limsa chuici I went to it, Ériu iv 134.11 . cid fa bfuilter damsa lib what do you want from me, TBC-LL¹ 2261 . sciobadh na miasa . . . is trialltar leo tar sleasaibh an mhúir amach, Keat. iii 1012 .

(b) Denoting agent after vn. or an appellative so used: tri óenpheccad la Adam, Wb. 3a5 which could also be rendered one sin of Adam's. Cf. VI (a). conaroib diupart neich lelele `so that there be no defrauding of one by another', 16c24 . connabí asse a aicsin leu `so that it is not easy for him to be seen by them', Ml. 116a1 . Cf. cid fodruair latsu . . . mo dímiadsa fiad andrib, LU 3901 ( SCC 41 ). ba ferr a comaitecht . . . oldaas a tuitim la náimtiu, LL 260b33 (Lg). dogniat nuallguba . . . ic a riagad la drungu demnu, PH 8316 . cúirt . . . ag a cor suass lesin diūc, Fl. Earls 78.35 . Here may be assigned the type: ni sí ar sercc less `that is not the love He hath for us', Wb. 4b16 . méit for serc lemsa, 14d16 . Cf. 23a27 , 25a27 , 27d8 . ara seirc lind because I am so fond of her, Fing. R. 392.

(c) Denoting agent after active verb, at the hands of: cutrummae neich forodamair som leu `the same measure as he had suffered at their hands', Ml. 54b28 . Cf. maided fair lib `let him be routed by you', Wb. 7a4 . rombith lat . . . a lestar give me the vessel, Irish Texts i 11.2 . cach la tan ba leo. tan aile ba forro, LU 223 . co torchair .l. leis cona ḟiaclaib, LL 14054 ( RC iii 181 ). fuair bás na chomland chatha / la D., Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 41 . dáig ni bam béo meni thaeth cara nó náma limm, TBC-LL¹ 669 . táet a bás lim, 907 . mad dia tóetsad latt, 2088 . E. lastorchair C., ZCP viii 302.20 . tuitfe tú liomsa, Duan. F. ii 256 § 31 . is lais tra forodamair in martrasa, lasin forcongarthid . . . Datianus, PH 1109 . o atchualaid tra Dioclian . . . in bisech bui for in cristaigecht lais (i.e. Paphnutius), 539 .

(d) With neg. vb. denoting preventive agent: mainbad tairbad bāis . . . / lem ni bud fien cen dīgail, Fianaig. 10.18 .

V In at, among, with (apud, chez, bei).

(a) Of locality or population-group: ucc domnuch mar criathar la auu censelich in Uí Ch. Thes. ii 241.6 ( Ardm. 18a ). la laigniu `in Leinster', Thes. 241.16 (ibid.). Raith Cathbaid .i. la Cruithintuaith Raith C. in the country of the Picts, RC vi 175.38 . Cf. la di[a]mair a inchlidi som gl. apud arcanum virtutis suae, Ml. 53a5 . nach loinges roḟitir E. la hEirind, Ériu iii 138.103 . érlamae Cille F. la Áu Amalgada, Trip.² 1540 . Mag Ṡeired la Tethba. Mag Tochair i Tir Eogain, LL 626 . Ui A. la Muaidh `on the Moy', Hy Fiach. 4. Cf. nach namae ro bói lia n-athir `any enemy that their father had', Ml. 127b2 . is de atā Trāig Ési la hUltu, Ériu i 118.35 . Crimthann la Hū Maine, ACL iii 308 § vi 1 . la hErinn huili throughout Ireland, RC iii 345.6 .

(b) Referring to persons or peoples generally: bat he berte bretha lib `let it be them who give judgements among you', Wb. 9c12 . lia muntair `among his household', Ml. 71c16 . no cainte tobchetal leusom hi tosuch cech mís, 102c8 (or to be referred to IV (a)?). rechtga[e] ríg amail rongab rechtga[e] righ Caisil la Mumain, Críth G. 520 . in Cú ro chúalammár la hUltu, LU 4832 . mad me bad chend athchomairc laisna Déisib, Ériu iii 140.184 . máethmaccáem co n-gabh armu lind, TBC-LL¹ 1249 . is hē ba tuaircnid flatha la Fiachaig, ZCP viii 317.18 . da ech bas ḟerr la Connachta `the best pair of horses to be found with the C.' LL 13031 ( Sc.M² 2 ). is é cétna ro gabh in ceim sin la Romhanchu `the first to obtain that rank among the Romans', CCath. 77 . do mheaduigh cert lem gach lá, Rel. Celt. ii 240.y .

(c) in, amongst, with, of customs and usages, corresponding to in, amongst, with , in such phrases as in Virgil, in Shakespeare, (it is the custom) in France or amongst the French, (it is a custom) with him; in the days of (cf. VI (d) below): intí lasmbi ind encae . . . intí bís isind encae (sic), Ml. 24a19 . file athir leíss `that he has a father', Sg. 29b12 . ní áis aeccalsa ata brithemin lib, Wb. 9c7 . lebedan .i. ised ainm forán la ezechiál `Leviathan, that is Pharaoh's name in Ezechiel', Ml. 93b7 . do thintud in suin ebraidi sluindes . . . ilintliuchtu la ebreu, 37a10 . dundgniat ind filid linni, 26b10 . briathra āildi la cechtar de frialaile, 31a24 . is la grecu atā a ndliged sin, Sg. 95b1 . dund lathar fil la Dia ocar nditin ni `to the purpose which is with God in protecting us' Ml. 103d27 . nad fel dliged remcaissen la Dia, Ml. 27d10 . mascul la baedam són immurgu `this however, is masculine in Baeda', Sg. 124b6 . arecar forṅgarthaid sechmadachti la Grécu gl. apud Graecos etiam praeteriti temporis sunt imperativa, Sg. 147b6 . ind interiecht nad rann insce la Grecu, 26b6 . cit comsuidigthi la Grecu ní ecen dunni beta comsuidigthi linn, 207b11 . aní as nomen lasna littridi aili is cognomen són la Priscien, 28a18 . is follus nach mór bríg articuil linni, 26b3 .

Very frequently in Laws i n phrase la Féine (Féniu) (frequently abbreviated lā) according to (the custom of) the F.: cis lir fodlai fine la Feine?, Laws iv 282.10 ( SM Facs. 3b ). atait tri comurba la Feine nis comsaer a cuir, Laws iii 46.18 . atait secht cella la Feine, na dlegad dire na dicubus, v 118.1 . dichenglaiter cach chor cen raith fine la Feine, iv 206.z . is [s]ruithiu la Feine in foesam andsen óldas a tir as a tairidnither, 9 ( Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ). Note further: ní heclas, acht ūam latrand ┐ tādat a hainm la Crīst, Ériu i 219.z . ar is fern laisin laidneoir ┐ u laisin Gāidel, ZCP viii 107.3 . ni facai . . . tuaslucud for selind n-imbe la muindtir Máolrúoin, Mon. Tall. 22 . atat tri altai leusom for ind gabail, 33 . ni fogni laisim fachmarc scel dóib `it is not his usage to ask them for news' 2 (see fo-gní). ba sollamain gresach la maccu Israel in sollamain-sea in Cengcaigis, PH 5417 . is meinic leis na hoideadha techt . . . do lathair na ndaltadha, RC xxix 110.x .

(d) Various: is bés leosom in daim do thúarcain ind arbe Wb. 10d6 . is bes leusom torand hi tempul delbae inna rig, Ml. 65c16 . ba lugae leu in sin gl. per . . . exempla iurabant, 118c5 . ba bés leu . . . ferthain ind óenaig, LU 3230 ( SCC 2 ). as breth la F. leth diri gach graid tuaithe for a mnai, Laws iv 306.17 . In the opinion of, according to: issi a bríg liumsa atechtae som huaim amal ni confessin etir I care no more about their going from me than if etc., Ml. 117d4 . ba bibdu báis leusom intí nád imdibthe, Wb. 1d15 . is cert a míad linn do beith-siu etrainn we deem it a sufficient honour, Mer. Uil. 49. See dar.

(e) from, at the hands of: gabais caille la patricc took the veil from P. (i.e. was professed by P.), Thes. ii 238.16 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). rotbia less lóg do daggníma, Wb. 6a11 . rotbia limm airmitiu intslóig, SR 3353 . nanní asbertisom frisom . . . ba ed a frecrae adi lesom `whatever they used to say to him that was the answer to them that he had', Ml. 62c13 . ba hísin tochuiridh Patraic leo the invitation they had for P., Dinds. 68 . in eitchi connaigh, nī sunn atā dhó acht a Clūain mic Nois ┐ la Ciarán, ACL iii 4.35 . amail rochualatar som lassin faith commad tria chumachta na hingine rogebtais tír, Ériu iii 138.80 . ro chuala la nech legas libru I have heard from one who studies books, LL 19060 ( Misc. Hib. 17 § 1 ). cia hairm ita in chleth, cluinem lat, Rawl. 84a21 . rot bia tír lind cen chís cen biathad, Ériu iii 140.168 . dia mbui Crist hi croich la hIúdaigib, PH 671 . rodbē a lūagh la Dia `may God reward you for it', Ériu i 46.27 . cīa lóg rombīa latt ar a fagbāil what reward shall I have from thee? ZCP iv 44.5 ( TBFr. 23 ). Cf. further: luid C. do forceatal gaiscid la Scāthaig . . . ilLetha, Ériu i 114.3 (cf. Wb. 19a10 cited under I (e) above). tathum cech maith la Gūaire, Ériu ii 16.13 . cía fogaba mōrchennsa / lassin dūilem īar ndola, BColm. 98.8 .

(f) The following also are most simply explained as developments of the sense with, amongst, at ; exx. of the types cited are very numerous in Old-Ir. glosses: trachtad lesom anisiu this is his commentary, Ml. 74c9 . cosmuilius aile lessom in so this is another of his similes, Wb. 10d14 . cosmuilius roisc anísiu lessom, 12c10 . canoin centrachtad in so lessom (of a verse without commentary), Ml. 132c6 . analogia laissem anisiu do thaidbse cheille `he has here an analogy to shew the sense', Sg. 149b4 . Cf. forsani as corda trachtad (dtrachtid, MS) lesom anisiu, Ml. 53a1 .

(g) according to, in the opinion of in phrases with copula: ished aperficere lessom (to do) this he deems perficere, Wb. 3d5 . is peccad diabul lesom he considers it a double sin, Ml. 97d10 . issí ind inducbal lesom in molad, 126b17 . arathis leusom anintamail fria ndeu `they deem it as a reproach', 138c10 . This construction very common at all periods to indicate possession of opinion, notion, feeling, desire, impulse, etc. The predicate can be (i) a noun, or (ii) an adjective. (i) iscían ós accobor lemm farríchtu I have long desired to come to you, Wb. 7a3 . intí lasinformat maith dodegdoinib, Ml. 129b3 . is machdad limm, Sg. 6a4 . cid as mó miscais lat atchí, IT i 81.18 . cach ní ba tol libse, PH 637. (ii) robu maith leu they would have liked, Ml. 105b8 . aní asmaith ladia doguidi, Wb. 4b4 . condib sain . . . linn, Tur. 86 . an robo dech leó dona tri coectaib ingen, LU 8724 ( FB 54 ). ba holc le anisin, RC xxiv 192.21 . amal ba lór leo, PH 3300. Common with menma: bá maith lais a menma, IT i 257.5 . See menmarc. See also dar. With certain predicates the meaning is more concrete, see doich, étir, mebair, etc.

VI Denoting possession, ownership, etc.

(a) attá x la y y has x (cf. oc IV (b)): nistá leo leth docoiset they have nowhere to go, Mon. Tall. 128.10 . robadar cethtri cridiscél liomsae `I have had', 136.19 . See also 144.28 , 130.1 , 135.19 , 135.28 , 148.20 . boí fled . . . la B. do Ch. B. had a feast (prepared) for C., LU 8041 ( FB 1 ). itá a rigan la cach ríg sund has with him, TBC-I¹ 190 . in filet scéla lib?, ZCP viii 318.20 . tresin ceird toṡuigthi fil lib, LL 13770 . mór na tiorchanta atá lionn, TD 27.30 . In St. Ercuil common in archaisms (see Introd.); elsewhere replaced by attá . . . oc . . . Cf. an lá nocha liom do bhí it was not my lucky day(?), Aithd. D. 47.1 .

(b) x la y y has x (perh. as (a) with ellipse of subst. vb.): ceist limm dúib, Wb. 19b7 . óenchoimdiu lib `one Lord have ye', 22d7 . sainred n-eulais leu, Ml. 37b12 . As subordinate clause: ho ro mmoidisom cumachte less that he had power, Wb. 17a12 . is torbach do popul flaith firian leu it is profitable to the people to have a righteous prince, Ml. 90b11 . conrubaidh fri m'enech gin mháthair nó athair lium (.i. agum), ZCP v 523 . Of personal attributes: rosc nglan . . . lais, LU 7078 ( BDD 75 ). berrtha lethna leo, TBC-LL¹ 181. Of relatives: da brathair limm, TBC-LL¹ 50 . E. . . . oenmac leis, Rawl. 148a5 . ni fess celi le, IT i 139.26 = nácon fes céle for a seilb, LU 10606. Various: de[i]ch mbaí lais, Laws iv 306.x . breithemnus dogrés la clandaib L., Críth G. 133 . leth in tigi . . . la Connachta the men of C. occupied, Sc.M² 5 . rob tusa lemsa / rob misi latsa, Ériu ii 89 § 4 (see Éigse x 46 ).

(c) is la x y x owns, possesses y, y belongs to x (also with ellipse of copula. See Éigse x 45 - 8 ): ní lanech huáin alaile, Wb. 6b20 . commimis less huili, 21 . leissom a tech, 33a2 . amal ata les inna nert, Ml. 108c11 . á aii .i. comtis les gl. uoluerit eos suos uocari, 92c10 . is limsa in cauradmir, LU 8974 ( FB 73 ). A. . . . ba leis ind Hériu, LL 14786 . latsu na rucais, PH 3217 . bud le a maccaibsi a cuit de, Laws iv 46.3 Comm . diamtis lat, LU 3310 ( SCC 11 ).

In extended meaning x has a right to (do) y: ni limsa superedificare it is not for me to, etc., Wb. 8c17 . is la B. tocht isan cath it is B's part to go into battle, RC xxiv 194.24 . riaguil proinntige . . . ní linni a rád it is not for us to fix the rules of the refectory, ZCP xiii 27.21 . is liomsa a chogar ó chiort I have a right to be heard by him, DDána 121.33 . Note also: in let / dál dia fuair doirthe dost thou know why? Metr. Dinds. iii 412. 27 . do ba leam ise d'aithmhealladh it was in my power to, Aithd. D. 89.32 . imtheachd . . . is é bhus libh, DDána 26.3 .

(d) Phrase x la y as adjectival complement of a noun: petta sindaig la rig L. a pet belonging to, IT i 46.22 . dorime an mac aite ile lasin n-athair many places belonging to (that many places belong to?), Anecd. i 51 § 3 . E., cathair . . . lé hEoin, Maund. 31 . go baile le diūc de L., Fl. Earls 74.28 . Cf. Créd la Marcán, Anecd. i. 7.14 .

Personal forms used reflexively: atdubelliub lemm, Wb. 7a4 . décce lat corintiu, 10c20 . atreba leiss possesses, Sg. 33a1 , 4 . addella leis tech[t] do thig filed N., Otia ii 86.2 . faichle lat atair mo thairbhse, BB 384b36 ( Dinds. 66 ). Áth Chliath fégaid lib, Metr. Dinds. iii 100.1 . finta lat in ranic ní Fer baeth, TBC-LL¹ 2198 . an fitir lat?, YBL 13a24 ( Snedg. u. Mac R 46 ). imthigid don halla leó féin, Maund. 203. áirimh leat, Content. v. 71 . tiomsaigh leat, TD 2.5 . See Duan. F. iii 75 n ., Celtica i 390 .

Idiomatic uses with verbs, nouns and adjectives are given under the words concerned.

In later lang. 3 s. n. leis as adv. visible, uncovered : ná léig leis do bhrághaid bhán do not expose, Dánta Gr. 26.7 . a n-aighthe ┐ gach ní do bhí leis díobh all that was uncovered. Beatha S. F. 2347 . leigmíd ár mbrollach . . . leis, Párl. na mB. 562 . ? duit ó nach léis na lomróid, Rel. Celt. ii 298.26 . (Earlier ris, see Duan. Finn., Éigse ix 227 , fri IX (f)).

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