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2 bairnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bairnech or dil.ie/5241

Forms: báirnech

n o, m. (bairenn). Later báirnech. limpet, limpets: ata . . . bairrneach for carraig inte `limpets', Todd Nenn. 118.12 . fear casgairt báirneach le h-aircinn ` barnacles ', Tribes of Irel. 60.12 . tá cnuastar ar tráigh 'guinn ná luascann an sáile, / ruacain is báirnigh is duileasc, O'Rah. 174.24. See Dinneen .

beirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beirid or dil.ie/5583
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: biru, -biur, biri, berid, -beir, -ber, berthi, beirthi, berthus, rom-beir, beres, berma, -berid, berit, berait, -berat, bertit, bertae, berda, -bered, -bertis, biur-sa, ber, beir, -bered, beram, beirith, -berae, -bera, -bere, beraid, -bera, -berat, berte, -berinn, -berad, -mbérthai, -bertais, -bēr, -bér, béra, bera, -béra, beraid, -bera, bæras, béras, -béram, -berum, berait, bērtait, bérait, béraitt, -berat, -mbérat, mbértæ, -bertha-su, no berad, -berad, -bermáis, -bértais, -mbértaís, -bertais, -berdais, birt, bert, -mbert, -bert, -breth, berte, ra bertatar, bertar, -bertatar, bertatar, ṁbertatar, berir, berair, -berar, berar, berair, bertair, berdair, bertar, bertis, berar, -berar, berthir, berthair, -berthar, -bertar, -berar, berthe, bérthair, berthair, bért[h]ar, bérthar, -bértar, bértha, brethae, breatha, -breth, -rucaim-se, -rucaim, ro-ucca, -rucai, -rúgat, -rucat, -rucad, -ructais, -rucca, -ruccæ, rucus, rucainn, uiccius, roúcos, ucus, rucus, rucais, ro-sn-uicc, uic, ro-ucc, rá-uc, ro-da-ucai, rofuc, rohuicc, -ruc, roucsaid, ra-ucsat, -rucsat, rota-thuigsead, ruucthar, -ructhar, -ructar, -ructhae, -rructhae, -ructais, -ruccfaither, -rucfaiter, ro-n-ucad, rohucad, rucad, uctha, ructha, ructa, brith, berim, -berai, beiridh, -berend, bermait, -berad, -bertís, -berear, bheire, -beraind, mbeirt[h]ea, berait(se, bérat-sa, béar, -berair, béaraidh, bermuid, bertus, bertis, ro-das-beir, beiris, bertsat, -berair, -beirthir, -bearar, béarthar, ruc-, -rucur, rucus, -rugus, rucais, ruc, ruc, rugsamar, -rucamur, rucabhar, rucadur, rucad, -ruccad, rucait, rugaid, biriu, berti

v see GOI 353 , 358 , 360 ; KZ xliv 113 - 114 . Also IGT Verbs § 13 for forms in bardic verse, and Aithd. D. ii Vocab. s.v. beirim .

The perfective forms are supplied by ro-ucc-. The O.Ir. t-pret. is often replaced in mid. Ir. by an s-pret. as well as by mixed forms of t- and s-prets. Later the perfective form ruc- (also in some contexts tuc-, e.g. TBC-LL¹ 2935 v.l.) completely replaces preterite forms as a past tense. For exx. of conj. forms see also as-beir and do-beir.

Indic. pres. 1 s. biru, RC x 88.2 (see KZ xliv 114 ), Anecd. iii 28.15 . -biur, TBFr. 131. 2 s. biri, Ériu xii 135.7 . 3 s. berid, Wb. 6a13 , 29b9 , TBC-LL¹ 1271. -beir, Wb. 6c9 , -ber, Ml. 86d16 (but see CMCS xiii 1 ). (With suff. pron.) berthi, Wb. 23a19 . beirthi, Ml. 42b7 . berthus, Mon. Tall. 158.6 . (With ro) rom-beir `can bring', 148.13 . Rel. beres, Ml. 27c1 , LU 3776 ( SCC 34 ). 1 pl. berma, ZCP iii 222.13 , TBC-LL¹ 477. 2 pl. -berid, Wb. 9d15 . 3 pl. berit, Wb. 18c10 . berait, TTr. 1599. -berat, Wb. 28d26 . Ml. 103b16 . (With suff. pron.) bertit, Wb. 13a16 . Rel. bertae, Ml. 63c18 . berda, Laws v 198.2 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. -bered, Thes. i 494.28 , TBC-LL¹ 403 , Ériu ii 222.24 (sic leg.). 3 pl. -bertis, ZCP iii 204.1 ( LU 9568 ).

Ipv. 1 s. biur-sa, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.18 (cf. Ériu xvi 76.25 ). 2 s. ber, Ml. 38c28 , TBC-I¹ 450. beir, Thes. ii 310.30 , Fing. R. 722. 3 s. -bered, TBC-LL¹ 5962. 1 pl. beram, SR 2744. 2 pl. beirith, Blathm. 99 § 29.

Subj. pres. 2 s. -berae, Ml. 74d13 , 94a1 . -bera, Thes. ii 296.6 . -bere, ZCP viii 310.19 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 . -bera, 43a2 , ZCP vii 308.29 , TBC-LL¹ 5963. 3 pl. -berat, Ml. 54a28 . Rel. berte, Wb. 9c12 . Impf. 1 s. -berinn, Wb. 10d36 . 3 s. -berad, TBC-I¹ 1337 , Ériu ii 196 § 11 , TBC-LL¹ 2488. 2 pl. -mbérthai (sic), LL 8051 ( TBC-LL¹ 595 ). 3 pl. -bertais, TBC-LL¹ 4340.

Fut. 1 s. -bēr, TBC-I¹ 1284 , -bér, BDD² 69. 2 s. béra, TBC-LL¹ 3689. bera, ZCP vii 308.10 . -béra, RC xxiv 198.5 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 , TBC-LL¹ 1266. -bera, Wb. 1a8 . Rel. bæras, Ml. 94b7 . béras, TBC-LL¹ 3484. 1 pl. -béram, Wb. 29b15 . -berum, PH 608. 3 pl. berait, Sc.M² 4R. (With suff. pron.) bērtait, 4 . bérait, TBC-LL¹ 5773. béraitt, BS 94.25 . -berat, Ml. 54a26 . -mbérat, TBC-LL¹ 144. Rel. mbértæ, BDD² 548 , MU² 930. Condit. 2 s. -bertha-su, TBC-LL¹ 1047. 3 s. no berad, TBC-I¹ 1336 , PH 906. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 4300. 1 pl. -bermáis, TBC-LL¹ 1051. 3 pl. -bértais, Ml. 124b6 . -mbértaís, TBC-LL¹ 3616. -bertais, PH 599. -berdais, 611 .

Pret. 3 s. birt, Thes. ii 242.17 , ZCP viii 309.11 , RC xi 446. 11 , LU 10611. bert, 3160 , Metr. Dinds. iii 88.11 , SG 187.31 . -mbert, Sc.M² 10.8 . -bert, LU 10601. With pass. form -breth, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.19 . Rel. berte, Fianaig. 28.2 . 3 pl. ra bertatar, TBC-LL¹ 2875. Rel. bertar, Ml. 127d6 . -bertatar, 82d9 , bertatar, Corm. Y 1059 (91.7) . ṁbertatar, Tur. 130.

Pass. indic. pres. s. berir, Wb. 12d38 , 23c11 , 29a28 . berair, ACL iii 309.19 , TBC-LL¹ 2041 , LL 31255. -berar, Mon. Tall. 164.21 , Laws iv 62.17 , RC xxiv 182.21 . Rel. berar, Wb. 16d7 . Mon. Tall. 154.28 . berair, 155.23 . 3 pl. bertair, Ml. 26c6 , BDD² 212 , TBC-LL¹ 4722 , berdair, 4718 . Rel. bertar, Wb. 25c23 . Impf. 3 pl. no bertis , Wb. 16d4 . Ipv. s. berar, Wb. 7b4 , TBC-LL¹ 1643. -berar, Wb. 27a24 . Subj. pres. s. berthir, Wb. 27d13 . berthair, Ml. 37a8 . -berthar, 134c6 ; Fél.² Prol. 3. ? -bertar, LU 3295 ( SCC 9 ). -berar, PH 7563. Impf. s. no berthe , ZCP viii 309.15 . Fut. s. bérthair, BDD² 570. berthair, TBC-LL¹ 110. bért[h]ar, ZCP viii 212.13 . Rel. bérthar, Wb. 12d27 . Pl. -bértar, Wb. 15a3 . Condit. s. no bértha , TBC-LL¹ 1611. Pret. s. brethae, Ml. 52. breatha, BDD² 98. -breth, ZCP viii 309.24 .

Perfective forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. -rucaim-se, LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). -rucaim, ZCP xiii 179.11 . 3 s. ro-ucca, Laws iv 176.1 . -rucai (racu, MS.), Críth G. 601. 3 pl. -rúgat, Ml. 75b3 . -rucat, 87c3 . Impf. 3 s. -rucad, BDD² 301. 3 pl. -ructais, ib. Subj. pres. 3 s. -rucca, Wb. 12c32 . -ruccæ, Mon. Tall. 154.8 . Rel. rucus, Ériu v 128 § 35. Impf. 1 s. do rucainn , Feis Tighe Chonáin 395. Perf. 1 s. ro uiccius , Wb. 9b6 . ? roúcos, LU 869. ron-ucus , BDD² 217. rucus, ZCP xv 307 § 2 (Caratnia). 2 s. rucais, LU 8246 ( FB 19 ). 3 s. ro-sn-uicc, Wb. 5b3 , ro uic , 27a22 . ro-ucc, Ml. 63c18 , rá-uc, 45a1 . ro-da-ucai, 46a19 . rofuc, Ériu v 36.30 . rohuicc, Fianaig. 12.12 . -ruc, MU² 953. 2 pl. roucsaid, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). 3 pl. ra-ucsat, Wb. 26b11 . -rucsat, Ml. 23b5 ; 54d16 . rota-thuigsead (-huicset, v.l.), BDD² 200 - 1 . Pass. Indic. pres. s. ruucthar, Ml. 35b10 . -ructhar (perh. subj.), Ériu i 202.4 . Subj. pres. pl. -ructar, TBC-I¹ 1129. Impf. s. -ructhae, Ml. 104a8 . -rructhae, Thes. ii 241.9 . pl. -ructais, Ml. 125b7 . Fut. s. -ruccfaither ( rucfaider, LU 5395 ), TBC-I¹ 918. pl. -rucfaiter, 921 . Perf. s. ro-n-ucad, Ml. 104a8 . rohucad, Sg. 174a1 . rucad, ib. pl. ro uctha , Ml. 132a1 . ructha, 102c7 , ZCP xi 57 § 2. ructa, MU² 913. Vn. brith (see breth).

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. berim, LL 8688. 2 s. -berai, TBC-LL¹ 925. 3 s. beiridh, TSh. 9670. -berend, PH 7574. 1 pl. bermait, LL 17003. Impf. 3 s. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 891. 3 pl. -bertís, MU² 275 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -berear: dheireadh, Dán Dé xvi § 12 . 2 s. bheire, Duan. F. ii 72.20 . Impf. 1 s. -beraind, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 19 . 2 s. mbeirt[h]ea, ZCP viii 109 § 9. Fut. 1 s. berait(se, Trip. 238.3 . bérat-sa, MU² 320. ZCP viii 312.8 . béar, TSh. 10521. 2 s. -berair, Ériu iii 164 § 17. 3 s. béaraidh, Dán Dé xxvii § 3 . 1 pl. bermuid, ZCP vi 66.8 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. ra bertus-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2888. 3 s. bertis, TBC-LL¹ 4435. ro-das-beir (beras, v.l.), 4728 . beiris, ML² 396. 3 pl. ru bertsat , ZCP viii 104.12 .

Pass. indic. pres. -berair, IGT Verbs ex. 169. -beirthir, 172 . -bearar, Introd. § 13. Fut. béarthar, TSh. 1153. Forms from ruc-. Subj. pres. 1 s. -rucur, TBC-LL¹ 1870. Pret. and perf. 1 s. do rucus , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1277. -rugus, 367 . 2 s. rucais, PH 1868. 3 s. ruc, SG 112.14 . ruc (rugustair, v.l.), ML² 404. 1 pl. rugsamar, TTebe 3966 . -rucamur, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1901. 2 pl. rucabhar, 998 . 3 pl. rucadur, 405 . Pass. rucad, PH 304. -ruccad, Ann. Conn. 1307.10 . pl. rucait, ZCP xi 62.8 . PH 2002. rugaid, TTebe 4750 .

I

(a) carries: nosbered gl. crucem . . . portabat, Thes. i 494.28 . is do thabirt díglae berid in claideb gl. gladium portat, Wb. 6a13 . hi fēnai bretha arm laiside, TBC-I¹ 1279. ara rucca cách a mám `that each may be able to bear his yoke', Ériu iii 104 § 33. berid iarum a muicc 'na hucht `carries', RC xiv 246.20 .

(b) In abstract senses adduces; infers etc. (of arguments, facts, etc.): berit in soscéle do imthrenugud ueteris , Wb. 18c10 . dearbhadh eile bheir tu asteach other proof that you adduce, Rel. Celt. ii 293.22 . bertit alaili tra combad spirut nóib robói in profetís `some take it', Wb. 13a16 . scél asa mberar co mbad hé Find mac Cumaill Mongán, LU 10938. is edh rucc-som assin what he inferred from that, CCath. 3241. ná beir uaim nach fuair Féidhlim `do not think I deny that F.', Content. v 104. b.¤ dígail inflicts vengeance, punishment: amal adnaigther fírbrithem beres digail cech ancridi, Ml. 27c1 (cf. do thabirt díglae, Wb. 6a13 ). See dígal.

II bears, brings forth, in pass. is born: in tan ṁberes claind is failid iar sin, Ml. 129c8 . indí . . . duamberar cland, Mon. Tall. 132.2 . rugais toircheas is tú it óigh `thou hast conceived', A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 7. cia tir i rrugad Gaedeal `in what land was G. born ?' Auraic. 15. Fig. an tan ghabhas an ainmhian, beiridh an peacadh (= parit peccatum), TSh. 6970. tarnocht . . . beirthear sinn (= nascimur), 7722 . Of animals: bi slan oga ceathra an tollbaire beres ba, O'Curry 2527 ( Eg. 88, 43b ). Of laying eggs: aen ogh beires isin slíab sin cacha bliadna, RC xxiv 377.3 .

In more general sense yields, produces: berid in bo atúaid trian mblechta sech in mboin andeas, Dinds. 60. no berta na harbair fo thrí cecha blíadnae, Airne F. 352. Fig. tosach rabhuidh rug a dealbh `His aspect became threatening', Ériu iv 112.15 .

Intrans. absol. in: sanntaigh an saidhbhris rucus gu maith dot anaim desire the riches that may profit etc., Ériu v 128 § 35.

III judges, passes judgment (usually with breith, etc. in figura etymologica and with FOR introd. indirect obj.): cisí breth rucais?, ZCP xv 306 § 1 (Caratnia). rucus, etc., 307 ff. § 2 - § 52 . nách beir for nach néle gl. non iudicat, Wb. 6c18 . bat hé berte bretha lib, 9c12 . berir breth foir gl. deiudicatur, 12d38 . birusa for firu soera, Anecd. iii 28.15 . bertid brith (bertaid breith v.l.) for ēc Dēāth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 54 § 15. is me dano bæras mes firian foraib, Ml. 94b7 . ní berat fírbrithemnachta, 103b16 . ní ruc gói riam . . . fer rodhuc, ZCP viii 311.31 . biriu glossed brethemnuigim, O'Curry 440 (H.3.18, 237a). diamba brethum nis bera gan ḟis cin forus cin fasach, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). nāthó . . . ní rucaim I cannot pass judgments, ZCP xiii 179.11 . ber breith iter do macaib, ol si, cia dib gebus t'forba. Ní bér, ol se, acht béraid Sithcheann drai, RC xxiv 194.1 . rucc Maodhócc do breith air féin cona cléir . . . guidhe tara chenn, BNnÉ 261 § 221 . rugatur in cúaisti ┐ in breithiomh maróen Brian do beith sáor, ZCP i 117.25 . b.¤ fuigell see fuigell. Hence of dreams interprets, expounds: ruc tra Patraic forsinn aislingi `expounded the vision', Trip. 176.25 . ruc Ethne breith na haislingi sin, Lism. L. 800.

IV carries away, takes (with one) (opp. of do-beir) (freq. with LA with reference to subject):

(a) In concrete or physical senses: na berat a n-erpther doib, Wb. 31c12 . ni berthar ind imerge `must not be taken', RC x 222.24 . nī scarfam . . . co rrucsa do cheand-so, TBC-I¹ 1200. beirthe lais S. `S. takes him', Blathm. 97 § 23. in rí chon-daigi hi foss / mani-mbera latt, ní fogbai, Thes. ii 296.6 . rucusdar leis ar a muin é, Ériu i 124.27 . beirit a n-eachroidh ar aradhnoibh leō `they led their horses by the reins', Fl. Earls 66.21 . dinaib brataib bertae `of the spoils they carry off', Ml. 63c18 . genti bidbaid bertar (: trebtar) `guilty pagans who are carried off', Fél. Prol. 175. acht a mbértae eóin ina crobaib, BDD² 548 . no bertis Con[n]achtai a bú-si `the C. used to carry off her kine', ZCP iii 204.1 - 2 . fir gontair mna bertair women are being carried off, LL 11451 ( TBC-LL¹ 4722 ). beiris leis na curna, Ériu ii 186.27 . ni berend in gadaige leis acht a mbeir cen fhis, PH 7574. antí dorat as ē ruc, ZCP vi 269 § 3. nach feas cá galar rug é, Keat. ii 2118.

(b) In fig. and abstr. senses: berthi (leg. bérthi, edd.) leiss co cenn gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ba hé less nod-ṁbert `the purpose which had brought him' ( Études Celt. ii 6.2 ), TBFr. 156. bret[h]a barann coimdhidh cáidh `was subdued' lit. was carried off, AFM ii 594.19 .

V Hence with meaning carries off absol. and in phrr. b.¤ barr, búaid, cluiche, etc. secures, wins (highest place, a victory, a game, etc.): bid hé beras in curadmír who wins the champion's portion, LU 9014 ( FB 76 ). is andsin dorimgart-seom / a eneclaind for Midir / . . . / conosruc iar ndáil dligid `he demanded his honour-fine from M . . . . and obtained it after award by law', Metr. Dinds. ii 4.28 . créd ima ruguis an baire orm? Má rugus báire ort . . . béarad leat arís é, RC xxix 116 § 13. cia haca le mbearthar barr `that excels', TD 28.24 . ni bertais buaid díb they would not overcome them, IT i 72.10 ( LMU 8 ). birt būaidh [n]-eccna / hi cūairt Éirenn, ZCP viii 197 § 6. ba mor do coscur chathbuadach rucas-[s]a tred chumachta-su `much . . . triumph have I achieved', TTebe 3178 . a mbuaigh ní rugadh a-riamh they were ever unconquered, O'Hara 3387. beirigh sisi bhuaidh ar gach n-énní dá ttairgionn a claoi, Desid. 2161. nobidis oc im[b]irt fithchilli cach dia . . . nobered C. cluithi na nona for I., Anecd. i 11.26 (SCano 358). ní rugadh aonchluiche air `he never lost a game', O'Hara 1373. ni rodam nad beir a roí `who does not win his battle', Ériu ix 49 § 34. birt a ráena forru he defeated them (in a game), LU 4984 (= TBC-I¹ 495 ). rucsat ar in ríg in raen `had overreached the king', Ériu vii 227 § 62 . ní biur do thóchaill dind ḟithchill `I do not win against thee at chess' ( Études Celt. ii 5 ), TBFr. 131. is [s]ainmuinter cach la fechtus bēus beress a tochell ( cluithe, Thr. Ir. Gl. 21 ), Corm. Y 607. (with implied direct object) uair roucsaidse for nUltaib . . . do slúagaib na tíri sin you U. have excelled, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). rucsat na Troiannai do daínib in domain amal nabad do ṡíl daíni doib etir, LL 32109 ( TTr. 1296 ). rucc (glossed ro dersccaigh) Ith do breithemnaibh a aimsire ar amhainse `I. excelled the Judges . . . in cunning', Leb. Gab.(i) 244.16 . is samlaid ruc cach ben dia seitche ar écin each woman forced her way ahead of her companion, LU 8256 ( FB 20 ). Cf. ro élaidhset ass na Gaill febh as déine ronuccsatt dialaile, Hugh Roe² 98.11 .

VI gets, obtains; takes: cach crich roucca a techta ni dligaide tairgille na smachtu `every land which has given (recte taken) what is lawful', Laws iv 176.1 . aisic na set rugadh do muin na comairce `restoration of the `seds' which were given (taken?) on account of the protection', 232.25 . uaire na biur (nach berim, LU 1567 ) th'ascaid, IT ii2 209 § 3 . ni béra (berair, v.l.) usce uam, ol sisi `no water shalt thou get from me', RC xxiv 198.5 . bertís dliged `they received their due', Metr. Dinds. i 24.18 . bērtait (berait, R) in coin, Sc.M² 4. ní ruc na cepóca cé ruc na heocha, Sc.M² 20(R) . Legal obtains, inherits (land, etc.); incurs (liabilities), is liable for: moirseisiur nosbeir co mbuaidh / cumal tsenorba ní suaill `seven persons obtain, with triumph, the `cumal tsenorba',' Laws iv 42.4 Comm. ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 141.9 ). iar n-ecaib in fir berius orbae a brathar `of the man who receives the inheritance of his kinsman', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137.20 . berti `he (the son) takes it (i.e. inheritance of land)' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 156.29 ), Laws iv 48.3 Comm. beirid cach dibad ┐ cinaid araili `each receives the inheritance and incurs the liability of the other' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 149. 18 ), 42.31 Comm. (of tutors) nocha mberait cinta na mac bis ag foglaim foilfecht (see F s.v.) aca `they do not sustain the liabilities', 236.19 Comm. (of a woman's `coibhche') isin coibhche tanaiste is dá trian no beireadh a athair ann; . . . is lugha beireas brathair oldas athair `her father . . . would have had two-thirds; and a brother gets less than a father', 64.4 Comm. in fer berus techtugad isin ferand, 2.16 Comm. i n-orba cruid no sliasta a mathur beris sisi in techtugad sin `that she makes that entry', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 133.20 ( Laws iv 14.26 Comm. ).

In phr. b.¤ díriug `carries off, obtains' ( GOI § 381 ), see díriuch. With adverbial as takes away: rom-beir as Pátraic ┐ ron-bennach `P. took him thence', Lism. L. 513. rugadh dá sheisi úam as `two comrades are snatched from me (by death)' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 28.y . saves, rescues: mac side ingine Lōith . . . bert a māthair ass ina brú his mother preserved him in her womb (from massacre by the Aitheachthuatha), ZCP xi 91.3 . cred beirius C. ass cen tuitim limsa, FDG 697. With refl. pron. takes oneself off; escapes: not-ber as dom'inchaib depart from my presence, ZCP i 105.1 . notbeirsiu as fó chetóir, SG i 312.1 . nod beir as amhail as ferr cotniocfa escape as best you can, TFrag. 208.16 .

VII In expressions of time.

(a) spends, lit. takes (time) (cf. do-beir I (m)): ? issí no bered in sechtmad n-aidchi i ṅgalad d'ḟeraib hErend for in t-ṡluagad do lacht, TBC-LL¹ 403. With adverbial as: na beir th'aimsir ass do réir mian do cholla, PH 7816.

(b) Intrans. lasts, endures, keeps (see Duan. F. iii 47 ): in fad (sic leg.) bhéaras as long as it endures (viz. an duan-sa, 75 ), Dán Dé xxv 76 . fada b[h]ēruid (sic leg., ed.) `long they shall live', Duan. F. i 54.16 . d'éis na buidhne nách buan rug `after that shortlived company', TD 25.34 . béaraidh mé go buan, Dánta Gr. 90.22 . ? an feadh rug a teas don ghréin, 85.6 . beiridh a brigh a cnáim craidhi in fiadha deich mbliadhna fichet `the virtue lasts for 30 years', O'Gr. Cat. 230.9. With as: gurub meinic beireas an easlainte so as gu ceann ceithri la ┐ da .xx. ead that this illness sometimes continues, 23 P 10³, 35b14 . rucatar as in adaigh sin co solus-trāth ēirghi ar n-a mārach, ML² 1079. ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . do rugadar as mar sin go haimsir E. they continued in that way, PCT 392.

VIII carries off, away (from etc.) with prepp. A, AR, DI, etc. cf. IV; note b.¤ as under VI, VII. ni béram ass dano gl. quod nec aufferre quid possimus, Wb. 29b15 . bertair dano briathra asin stoirsea innun, Ml. 26c6 . nocon ructaisseom cid a delg asa brot-som nammá, LU 4991 ( TBC-I¹ 502 ). do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach á hArdmacha, ACL iii 5.30 . berid . . . a sūil asa chionn plucks his eye from his head, ACL iii 309.1 . ní berae a salm ar assaph tri nephscribend in tituil se riam `thou shalt not take from A.', Ml. 94a1 . rucad a rosc airi he (viz. the dying Cú Ch.) was deprived of his sight, RC iii 181.27 . etach berar do áos tuati a garment that is taken from the laity, Mon. Tall. 154.28 . nicon berat a drúcht dind fhéor, MU² 565. dos lēicim-se dō in ngaī cétna co mbert a lāim de it struck off his hand, Sc.M² 10. gan mharthain do mhac Áine (sic leg.) / rug don éigse a hamháille `has robbed poesy of her gaiety', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 . In phr. beirid ed di (ó), see 2 ed. ní berae siu hua duaid in salm so `thou shalt not take from David this psalm', Ml. 74d13 . masa indeithbir ro-n-uc uad . . . no ro-n-uc deithbir uad, Laws iv 34.32 Comm. tanic merlech . . . co mbered molt cech uare uadi, Thes. ii 336.43 . dia ructar (ructhar, ed.) ar mnā dōera uand, TBC-I¹ 1129. do-thíaguit na mná immi, ┐ berdait (beraid, v.l.) úaidib i ssíd Crúachan, TBFr. 131. ní huaibhse rug an nglaic ngloin, Studies 1918, 282 § 15 . cía ráott beres rígi Temrach . . . ó chlaind C. `what is it that deprives the offspring of C. . . . of the Kingship of Tara', BColm. 76.3 . bearar uatha an corp ré sruth na Bóinne the body is swept away from them by the current of the B., Keat. ii 5414.

With advv. berthus ind arbar sis `the grain carries it (i.e. water in gruel) downwards', Mon. Tall. 158.6 . acht a mbeir (sc. in gadaige) cen fhis, PH 7574.

IX carries, brings to, etc. (with CO, DO, DOCHUM etc.) (= do-beir). (Somet. with LA, cf. IV) berid taisi B. co Ros Cam les `takes B.'s remains to R.C.', RC xxiv 182.11 . forcmath mo brīathra, bērtait co būaid they will bring him to victory (?), ZCP xi 98 § 63. nombered cách ar uair dina maccleirchib dochum a tigid (sic) leu, Mon. Tall. 155.6 . beram co noibi nemthech let us carry it (i.e. the tower of Babel) up as far as holy heaven, SR 2744. go mbeiri Rí . . . sinn dochum coda na beathadh sīordhuidhe, Parrth. Anma 744. In more or less abstract senses: teinnes . . . beris nech cum atcomuill `disposes a person to dropsy', Rosa Angl. 322.3 . i toimtiu nábad do hierúsalem .i. opes nobertis, Wb. 16d4 . beirsiu lat é do[t] tigernu, Thes. ii 310.30 . noco rucaimse cend úain bic don dúnud `I am not the man to carry . . .' ( Stories fr. Táin 49 ), LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). ? ní bertis da rótaib / ar uamain a cathmi, LL 6595 ( MS. Mat. 493 ). is do soscelu berid int apstal in salm so gl. transferre, Ml. 42b7 . cia beraid doib a remeperthe though he refer to them the aforesaid, Ml. 37a9 . namber du chesad `he applies it to the Passion', 86d16 . berir dano fri laa brátha, Wb. 29a28 . ruucthar fri cach rét it can be applied to everything, Ml. 35b10 . mad fri frecur cheill De nosbera, 43a2 . ae freslighe . . . cid la dechnaid berthair though it be included under, IT iii 74 § 34. nachib berar i smachtu rechta fetarlicce, Wb. 27a24 . nos berad i llías ṅgamna they carry her into, BDD² 76. bertair immorro da boin ind `are . . . brought thither', Dinds. 60. berthius C. mac E. i n-Aird Ladrann fodes immirge na n-Deisse `C. sent the wandering host of the D. to A. L. southward', Cymmr. xiv 108.4 . b.¤ i mmudu see madae. ros bertsat uile fóe in oenḟecht they all fell upon him at once, TBC-LL¹ 912. no-bar-beraid uili fóe sút, TBC-LL¹ 907. biru iarom mo chois forsan carraig , RC x 88.2 . ninruc for maith ar sóire `has not brought us to good', Wb. 21b3 .

V. freq. with prep. FOR (later AR) catches up, overtakes, etc.: b.¤ Tigernan . . . forru ic Ath Fhirdeadh `comes up with them', AU ii 120.1 . ni ḟil fiad arna bermís `would not overtake', RC vii 294.24 ( LL 29171 ). da mberthar ort, ZCP viii 541.6 . ruc an oidhche air `night overtook him', ZCP xi 136.16 . go rucc for esparta na manach `returned . . . in time for the vespers', BNnÉ 295 § 21 . mana fághbadh fortacht fá cend trí lá nách bérthai ara fortacht that it would be too late to help him, Expugn. Hib. 32. nach bérthaoi i mbethaidh forra muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918. 5 . go mbéaradh (Niúl) ar aimsir Mhaoise san Éigipt `should have survived till', Keat. ii 243. ní bheir an athmhadan ort / gan a mbí id dhún do dhúsocht `no morning finds thee', Aithd. D. 8.36 . an trath beris se ar a leth dorchaigid se uile e `when it spreads over half of the moon, the shadow (of the earth) obscures it completely', Ir. Astr. Tr. 86.24 . d'éis leighis orchra Uladh / beiris ortha an t-urdhubhadh, Aithd. D. 23.22 . ní fhuil cadad eidir .s. ┐ .c. le mbéradh bogadh air by which it might come to be devoiced, IGT Introd. § 30. ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria .sh. is not found in any position such that . . ., § 13 . beires L. ar Aódh seized, TBC-LL¹ 3897 n . (of a key position) beire ar sheas meadhóin Midhe, Aithd. D. 15.13 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . is ar bhrághaid uirre bheireas, TSh. 2324.

With imm (= do-beir II (d)): arrombuí dech . . . do thimthaigib . . . issed bertatar umpu ind éicis, Corm. Bodl. 32. With tre: berir dano a ndede sin trisin testimin so, Wb. 10b19 . co rucasdur bern .c. ┐ .1. tresin cath siar sechtair he cleared a gap for 150 . . ., Ériu viii 32.25 . co mbert crand trít transfixed him (with the spear), LU 1576.

X With nouns expressing movement: berid iarum a cem annuas `he steps down', Ériu v 32.30 . is ing ma rofuc nech díb a choiss sech araile, LU 8253 ( FB 20 ). nach bēram oired ordlaig tar ar n-ais nō cēim ar culaib, ML² 1379 - 80 . hisse leth rucsum a reim he directed his course, Rawl. 87a29 , ZCP viii 264 § 15. bertais amus arna sluaghaib he attacked the hosts, 543.18 . ruccsat ruathar dochum an cleirigh, BNnÉ 34 § 55 . in ruathar ronuc fon sluag the onslaught that he made upon the host, Ériu v 240.30 . ruc sidhe dian dasachtach futha he made for them, Fier. 233. bheireas léim ainmhear inntibh, Content. xxv 7. béra ó bháirc a caladh chúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 1005. b.¤ súr, see súr. Note also: feibh as deine ronuccsat as fast as they could go, AFM vi 2120.21 .

XI For do-beir gives: bertais rabudh ┐ oirchisecht do she gave him warning and commiseration, ZCP viii 541.4 . co rohuicc secht cētguini `dealt', Fianaig. 12.13 . bertais beim do, ZCP viii 552.27 .

XII Various phrases.

In greetings, salutations; malediction, censure, etc. with meaning takes (somet. = do-beir): tabhair is beir mo bheannocht (addressing a letter) `carry my blessing', Studies 1920, 569 § 25 . berid Émine bennachtain ona flaithib ┐ facbaidhsium alaile, Anecd. i 45.6 . See bennacht, búaid. bērat-sa slán lim I shall take my leave, ZCP viii 312.9 . In phr. b.¤ airbiri receives reproach, see airbire. berid trīst ┐ mallachtuin nōem nHērenn take with you the curse, ACL iii 3.23 .

In phr. b.¤ aithniu (aithne) see 2 aithne.

b.¤ buide gives, returns thanks: `tucc dúin uile,' ol in cerdd `berma buide,', ZCP iii 222.13 . See 2 buide. b.¤ cádus, onóir (do) (cf. do-beir) pays respect, honour (to): onoir ┐ cádus don dardáin, amal no-s-bertís don dómnach, PH 327.

b.¤ díga di see dígu: fis a mbrígha do-beir d'ḟilidh / nach beir (geibh, v.l.) díga d'idhibh óir who does not spurn, IGT Decl. ex. 75.

With eól, eólas (for earlier do-beir): beiridh th'inneach iul do dháimh, DDána 74.67 . beir eolus díreach damh-sa / . . . / don chathraigh guide me straight, 73 . beiris Abán eolus conaire doibh lasin tapar, BNnÉ 9 § 32 .

b.¤ fis (a ḟis), see 1 fis gets, obtains information, etc.: ni berair let a ḟis ní as mo na sin `that is all the information that thou wilt get', Ériu iii 164 § 17. bhéar mé fios mo bhríathar = I will make known my words, Proverbs i 23. rucad īarum a fis-sin co Colum Cille `that news was brought to C.C.', BColm. 54.20 . birt (bert, MSS.) mōit/mucu búaid-Bairchedo (see móit (a)), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 2. bertsa mo chubus co grian / in gach cath andecha riam, SG 187.31 .

b.¤ do rogu: ber-si do roga anois cia dib gresfi dochum an chatha `take thy choice', TTebe 4321 . berid Sreng cuigidh Connacht do rogain S. makes choice of the province of C., Ériu viii 56.38 . rogha do ríoghmhnáibh Uladh / ruguis, TD 27.41 . maor rugas mar ragha riamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 4.

carrac

Cite this: eDIL s.v. carrac or dil.ie/8257

Forms: carraic, cairrgeadh, caráigecha, carrac, chloiche

n ā, f. Later also n s. carraic. With dental infl. g p. cairrgeadh, Mac Aingil 4661 . Note also caráigecha, CF Eg. 238 . rock, large stone : c.¤ .i. gor-sec . . . nó carn-sec, O'Mulc. 266 . scopula (sic leg.) . . . carrac(h) lasin nGædel, Auraic. 1088 = carrac, 4080 . is di lus bis forsnaib caircib dognither in chorcur buide, Tur. 115 . donaib caircib gl. de scopolís, ib. elta . . . tecait di chlochaib ┐ carrgib, TBC-LL¹ 1330 . ásfaid c.¤ for a druim `a rock shall rise', Metr. Dinds. iv 306.33 . dona cairgib folaich robatar i ndomain na fairgi, Aen. 255 . duilix cacha cairrge, Laws v 484.1 . torad cach trethain ala cairrge, 484.2 . i. . . . otha carraic anunn, 25 Comm. fuaim tuinne fria carraig , Ériu xiii 36.23 . conderna bruar dia cind imon carraic, Anecd. i 15.7 ( SCano 509 ). Bó Boí / ainm na cairrce, LU 4414 . in tan no theiged tar carrce (of body of Etarcomol), 5699 (TBC). domræd rí cairgi blai, IT iii 12 § 21 . co caisirne amal chairrci tenntidi, i 190 .z . in carraic icc a tocosscem, PH 5748 . araile do chloichthres carrag cenngarbh, Hugh Roe² 152.28 . a scalpaibh carrag `the clefts of the rocks', Ériu iii 154 § 7 . féitheach lú[i]th a chuirp . . . ina gcairrgibh crúaidhremhra `the sinews of his body . . . like hard, lumpy rocks', Ériu v 180.301 . go dtug Críosd geall don chathaoir chairrgi (of St. Peter), Mac Aingil 6016 . Of fortified stone castle: an tú ar gcéadaithne, a charrag (: eatharrod), DDána 68.1 . With g s. chloiche: uisce asin carraic cloiche, Grail 3649 . risin carraic clochi, MU² 668 . Cf. ro cuir an sil isin carruic clochdai on stony ground, Grail 1410 . carggi crúada cniss surface rocks, MU² 481 . cairrgi cuain, TTebe 2526 . carraig miledh huge rock, BB 487b38 . Prov. ba comrad re carraic . . . comairli do Congal talking to a stone, MR 166.18 . as cumsgugudh cairge (description of warrior), TBC-LL¹ 5559 .

Fig. i gcairrgibh cuasamhla an chraois, TSh. 10661 . an charruig . . . ad chliabh, Mac Aingil 1200 . ar charraig chinneamhnaigh a chríche déidheanaighe, TSh. 740 . Of persons: do bhí dhamh na charraig (of Diarmaid), Oss. iii 296.7 . ba c.¤ thuinighthe `our pillar' (of St. Francis), RSClára 39b .

In nn.loc.. see Hog. Onom.

Compd. carracbenna sliaph n-urard ` rocky peaks ', CCath. 3803 .

dethach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dethach or dil.ie/15814

Forms: dethcha, d., dethaige

n ā, f. g s. and n a pl. dethcha, g p. d.¤ , IGT Decl. § 37 . But dethaige occurs frequently as g s. and n a pl. Cf. detach.

(a) smoke, vapour, fume, steam: ro loiscset luib . . . ro sined in d.¤ thren . . . triasin n-ahér, SR 2149 . ro mhebaid d.¤ mor aroime . . . don loc, LB 230b32 . la dethaig na n-apaige 'cá loscud, TTr.² 1048 . ro loisced an chathir co raibe tría chorthair tenedh ┐ fo smúit dethcha, 1897 . conárbó airdi a d.¤ (detach, v.l.) inass a lasair, CCath. 1900 . is d.¤ do muchad, RC iv 254 . an dluimhchéo diadh ┐ dethaighe ro leth ona forloisccthibh, AFM vi 1962 . tusmidter deathaighi reamra tirma uaithi nach urcoidigius don radarc, 23 Q 5, 54.12 . a mbearbadh ar uisge fearthana ┐ urbruith do ghéunamh dhíbh ┐ a ndeathach do leigen fon t., 23 K 42, 341.12 . ó dethaighib cinntacha do beith isin ninchind, O'Gr. Cat. 186 . Of a conflagration: do-bhéara . . . | rí o nEathach nar airg cill | deat[h]ach isgach aird d'Eirinn, 23 D 4, 105 . Carraig in Bhogáin . . . ┐ brugh Bhaile Tomáis . . . do chuir A. fa aoindeat[h]ach, 3 C 13, 568 . na deathcha a n-íath anaithnidh | tríath Cechna is dá chomharthaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 972 . Cf. Eocho mac Echach | co cétaib d.¤ , SG 265 = LL 297b4 .

(b) vapour or exhalation caused by mental exertion or emotion; religious fervour, shame, etc.: d.¤ a cind iar crábud, RC xx 42 . an uair dorinde C.C. an urnuidhe ud ┐ do tocuib se a cend do scaeilfedh an d.¤ do erich da cenn an uair sin a bfuil do demhnaib a n-ifrend, BCC § 335 . as mairg teanga thug d.¤ tré a ghnúis (i.e. caused his face to fume with irritation), 3 C 12, 5 . do gab nairi é ┐ do bhí do mhéd na naire sin go facaid a raibe do lathair an d.¤ do erigh dá chind, BCC § 80 .

(c) Transf. hearth (for taxing purposes), `a smoke': pinginn ar gach ndethaig, BNnÉ 248 . sgrepall ar gach aonndethaigh, 204 . Cf. screball as gach tig i mbia d.¤ , Fen. 236.1 .

Compd. ¤mór of great smoke, exceedingly smoky: mothar dorcha doighir-leathan deathach-mhór, ML 80.16 .

See 1 dega.

do-eclainn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-eclainn or dil.ie/17521
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: doeclannat, du-n-eclan[nar], doreclamsa, derglastar, tecailse

v (* to-ess-glenn-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 539 ) picks out, selects. Indic. pres. 3 pl. doeclannat gl. allegant (understood as ēligunt?), BCr. 34b3 ( Thes. ii 23 ). ? Pres. subj. 3 sg. ad-mestar húir asa tindremaib hi torath tecail 'let him estimate the soil by its services where people may seek out produce', AM 12.97 . Fut. 3 s. rel. (Mid. Ir.) mo Eoc[h]o . . . ní tír teclannfas, BB 278a19 (? = ní rath tíri teclumus, LL 386a42 ). Perf. 3 s. ba din tuaith sin terglainn uaig 'it was from that people that he chose a virgin', Blathm. 385​ . 1 pl. (Mid. Ir.) nicon-terglansam-ni céli diar n-ingen we have not selected a spouse, ZCP iii 6 ( LL 269b30 ). Pass. pres. s. doeclannar im cach solam sonaisc .i. teclamthar cach so-innsce (the notion of selecting passing into that of compiling?), Rawl. 114b17 ( Cóic Con. 22 § 18 ). admestar cáercha asa cottuge do thlachtaib túath teclannar (teglamor, teclanathar, v.l.) whose covering (fleece) is selected for the garments (?), ZCP xi 95 . Perf. s. amal du-n-eclan[nar] etach nderscaigthe hi tig cennaig[i] . . . is s[amlaid] duérglas soilse sainriud asnaib dūlib gl. scrutari, Ml. 120d2 . nonbur doerglas do ordughadh in liubair-si `were appointed', Laws i 16 . ar na térglas aithech tige dí i nHérind, ZCP iii 5 § 13R = uair na frith céili dingbala di, LL. dias . . . forroeglass o Ailill ┐ o Meidb ar dāig do gona-su a couple who were chosen by A. and M. to slay thee, TBC-LL¹ 4389 . pl. doreclamsa (leg. -classa) ara n-amainsi dot guin, TBC-I¹ 2827 . Cf. further BB 492b28 : doreglastair (.i. togail) carraig ndermair foremestair Ercail do thogail = rothogail `destroyed', Alex. 527 (a formation fr. pret. pass.?) cid dogēn friu? A ngabail dara n-anmi, cip si chruth bete . . ., ar noco derglastar etir díb mani gabtar dara n-ainme for no choice is ever made among them unless they are taken regardless of their defects (of women), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 20 (cf. ZCP viii 113 ) (intended as fut. pass.?).

Part. tecailse. Vn. 1 teclaim.

doḟulachta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doḟulachta or dil.ie/17710

adj (fulachtae) unendurable, intolerable, excessive: nosgebad crith ┐ úamun d.¤ remi, FA § 14 . is dofhulachtu in plág, RC xii 426 § 10 . is doolachta in marbad marbtair do muinter-su, SG 379.12 . nir-leic ind n-itu dermár doḟolachta labra . . . don rig, TTebe 1775 . o brentaid d.¤ na crumi, PH 5626 . dia mboi i ngalor dofulachtu, 8049 . nir lecea sind i n-amus ndofulachtai, 7827 . ó ingremannaib doḟulachtaib, 4890 . Compar. uair bid d.¤ tall dona rigaib anfhírenu oltás dona huilib dóine archena, 4277 .

Applied to anything excessive, beyond measure (in good or bad sense); both of quantity and degree: sioc dofholochta an intense frost, TFrag. 142.16 . sollsi diasneti ┐ dellrad d.¤ , PH 466 . slóg díreccra d.¤ taitnemach, 8098 . immad do[fh]ulachta . . . cecha maithiusa, 4359 . secht n-gema doolachta dazzling, TBC-LL¹ p. 391(note 2). tar cenn innmhuis d.¤ , ACL iii 321.y . tuc int óclach grád díchra dofholachta dí, Anecd. i 78.6 . rogab fælti dermar do[fho]lachta iat, TTebe 537 . do tarraing carraig ndermair ndofulachta, TTebe 941 .

feidm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feidm or dil.ie/21472

Forms: ḟedma, fedmuim, fedman, fedmand, fedma, fedmand, feidhm, feadhma, fedhmanna, ḟedhma, fedmanda

n n, n. later m. n s. féidm n -úag, SR 6837 . g s. ind ḟedma TBC-LL¹ 2967 . d s. fedmuim, Laws v 488.35 Comm. n p. fedman AU 821 . fedmand, LU 10816 (M). a p. fedma, LL 216a31 . g p. fedmand, LL 146a5 . feidhm, m. g s. n p. feadhma, IGT, Decl. § 41 . pl. also fedhmanna (canamain) ib. ex. 1134 . 1143 . The primary meaning seems to be load, stress, strain, passing into the senses of utmost effort, effort, exertion; burden, service, function . The transition may be illustrated by such an example as: buí f.¤ cuinge sesrige ina samthaig there was the load of a plough-team in its handle = it would take a plough-team to move ... LU 9191 ( FB 91 ). carraig ... a roibi f.¤ seisrigi do tharraing, TTebe 942 . Cf. fri ētnu dam bátár fedmand la firu Herend cosin n-aidchi sin. co n-aicces la lucht in tsíde fora formnaib. dogníth samlaid la E. ... is aice toísech tucad cuing for muinélaib dam, LU 10816 . is leis doradadh cuing for muinélaibh damh ar tús, ar is fria n-édnu na ndamh do bhíth a feidm gó sin, Cóir Anm. 103 . dam ro boí fon feidm, LB 60by . a n-ingeilt fo fedmu[i]m (of oxen) grazing while at work, under the yoke Laws iii 266.23 . .x. damu dagfedma ten oxen able for a heavy load (?) Ériu ii 4.7 . ba he feidm toisech doriacht an eclais a fh.¤ his (ox-drawn) load (of timber) was the first to reach the church Lism. L. 2558 . co ructha graige ┐ eti ┐ fedman iarmaib so that steeds and flocks and loads could be brought along them (of frozen streams and lakes) AU 821 . [doghniat] fedmunna ramhōra do thinol ... cu nach lugha inās in cnoc ... in dumha chonnaid fil aca they are gathering together great loads (of firewood) RC xliii 106.13 .

(a) strain, stress, effort, exertion, undertaking: f.¤ as mo, | comrac re Coin Culainn, TBC-LL¹ 3117 St. adfét scéla in mórfedma atconnairc enterprise (i.e. labor of constructing a causeway) LU 10826 . fri deiscin ind feadma dobertatar do dénam an tochair `the effort they put forth' Ériu xii 178.7 . Cf. TBC-LL¹ 758 St cited under feirtche. bíd féidm ferrda ocaib be of good courage PH 6504 . tresim fedma strongest of effort Auraic. 5556 . fedmanna ós niurt `exertions beyond one's strength' Tec. Corm. § 21 . da mbe in corp athach san uaig | a dhēchsain (sic leg.) is f.¤ firchruaid, ACL iii 239 § 27 . beg a f.¤ da degbois De | deilb dā tegdais small the effort for God's hand (?) 236 § 8 . ba f.¤ adbal d'oeinfer ... triall cosnama na cruinne, CCath. 4740 . tucsat f.¤ ferrda cacha fir furri cor chuirset assa tuinide in tromchloch, Acall. 2810 . tucsat a lāma ... chum na cloiche da tarraing ... ┐ ni raibe tarba issin trenfeidm ór nir ḟētsat a becc di, 2754 . briathra forránta, f.¤ tim `violent verbiage followed by feeble effort' O'Gr. Cat. 556.17 . dol re [a] gcosg ... fa feidhm ós cionn a bhfuluing, Content., xviii 71 . Folld. by qualifying subj. gen.: f.¤ cēt and do nirt he has the strength of a hundred TBC-LL¹ 1006 (= atā nert cēd ann, St). gegnaid banb ... ┐ nusberaid leo dia fuini ┐ a ḟ.¤ uili ann it was as much as they all could do = it took the whole of them (to carry it) ICM xiii Harl.

(b) work, service, duty, function (cf. d): ro forcongair ... for dam n-allaid ... in f.¤ sin do denam `ordered a stag to do that work' (i.e. to take the place of an ox at the plough) Fél. 72.28 . imāin na ndam dochom a fedhma dlighthi[gh] budein .i. a n-oibre, Laws v 136.15 Comm. ni f.¤ flatha nā fīrlaich duitsi aiscc feicheamnais do thabhairt ... `it is not the act of a prince in thee' MR 284.15 . na grāda do c[h]othugud | is f.¤ uasal mor aonfir, ZCP x 45. 4 . atá f.¤ ar leith ac cach aenḟer acaind a separate function Acall. 5460 . cret t'ḟeidm-si what is thy service ? 5465 . drong ... ic na bia f.¤ aili san cath acht a ngaire catha do tabairt, CCath. 5514 . bídh a ḟis ac [gach] aenduine díb cred is f.¤ dó, Maund. 202 . gach fear ag freagra a fheadhma, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 106 . no geibhdis betha gan f.¤ ndaonda leó acht ernaigthe ... BNnÉ 320.22 . gan feidhm ndaor ar mhnaoi servile occupation Content. v 77 . do rinneas ... feidhm díbh I have done you a service xxix 4 . déanaidh feidhm don Tighearna = servite Domino TSh. 6767 . is é feidhm do-níodh an coileach dó, iarmhéirghe ... do choimhéad, Keat. iii 1120 . gurab contrárdha na feadhma iarras Dia ar na daoinibh ┐ an feidm iarras an saoghal (comm. on non potestis Deo servire et Mammonae) TSh. 9881 . do fedhmaim anmcharat function (obligations) of a confessor YBL 408a marg. sup. fer fedma steward (?): Finn .h. C., fer fedma ┐ ferannuis moir do righ Connacht ` agent ' ALC 1223 (p. 266z) .aes, lucht fedma soldiery; servitors, attendants: dochuir a glaslaith ┐ a aes fedma ... d'argain Aeda g., SG 66.28 . IT ii2 135. 325 . Oss. iii 162.7 . lucht fedhma an dunaigh, L. Chl. S. 11 . Folld. by defining gen.: denasa f.¤ gabunn act as smith Lism. L. 3783 . f.¤ a ngreagh uatha orra | longa lūatha ... on the swift ships they impose the function of their steeds (?) IGT, Decl. ex. 2140 . feidhm na gcogthach re cois long, | feidhm teanchaire i dtigh ghabhonn | ... tarla oraibh `god airdrígh, TD 19.16 . do bhamur ... a bhfeidhm ollamh in the capacity of ollaves KMMisc. 56 § 5 . ní fili ... | hí f.¤ eoluis ilcrothaigh in the practice of various kinds of knowledge ZCP iv 237. 11 = Leb. Cert. 236 . ni faict[h]e ise fri f.¤ a lēiginn ┐ a grēsa, ACL iii 308 , VI 12 . f.¤ n-eclastacda, YBL 166b5 . i bfeidhm na súiste `wielding the flail' O'Gr. Cat. 532.7 .

(c) of a warlike effort or strain (often in broad sense of attack, onset, defence, etc.): cach f.¤ catha ┐ comlaind ... dingebatsa díb uile sin, Acall. 5462 (corresp. to: eigen catha v.l.). do réidhighedh láithir iombuailte dona ... miledhibh sin ar go bhfesdís fein f.¤ comhlainn a chéile, B IV 2, 146b19 . feidhm na leirge a aonar air, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 104 . ar a angbaigheacht i n-ionadh fedhma `his valour in the field of conflict' AFM v 1778.15 . lá feadhma day of stress, battle Ir. Monthly 1927, 552 ( 23 L 17, 81b ). an bhuidhean ... bhíos iomad i n-am ḟeadhma `in time of stress' TD 21.6 . re hinnarba cach fedma ┐ cach foreigne `to repel every attack and violence' MR 160.23 . f.¤ catha `exertion of battle', duty of service of a warrior in battle: dober-sa m'ḟ.¤ catha ... la P. I will exert my battle-strength with P. CCath. 1121 . do tabairt a fedma catha ┐ comluind leo `to give them their help in battle' Cog. 74.24 . rogabsat ... a ffedhmanna catha forra, ZCP xiv 231.16 . ro ba cruaidh in comthuargain ... doronsat ... ic gabail a fedmann catha forru, CCath. 5907 . ro láa ... fortocbhail a fedhma catha forru, 2016 . mongur na curad ac comghabail a bḟedhmann catha, Marco P. 61 . (for gabáil fedma cf. co ngabad feidm fois that it should undertake the duty of stillness (?) Ériu iii 14 , but in the instances above there may be the notion of standing up to the stress of battle, taking punishment). cia dib no laccadh a fedm catha whose battle force was weakening CCath. 5975 . roba gairit in caill comarchi uathaib iat, ┐ a feidm catha forro, ┐ a ndruim riu, Cog. 176.23 . ro-ordaigh C. a ffedhmanna catha for na curadaibh assigned to the warriors their duties ZCP xiv 240.4 [or does this belong to (b) ?]. Cf. cur fedma: ní lamh cách ... luadh cogaidh ná cur feadhma, TD 21.39 . cur feadhma dóibh risan druing | sluagh T. ní budh tualuing, 2.11 . g s. as attrib.: nertlia do chloich ḟedhma , ZCP viii 543.8 . bertais a eire fedma leis da trelamh ghaisgidh (i.e. as much as he could carry) TBC-LL¹ p. 303 n. 5 . tuc fuirmed fedma do gae ... air `a strenuous thrust' TTebe 2817 . tuc fuirmeadh feadhma ... fuirre (lifting a heavy stone) ML 2y . is fis fedma `a labour it is to learn' Metr. Dinds. ii 62 . pl. tucad leo fedmanda fillti for bogadaib bending strains (i.e., they strained bows to test them ?) TTebe 1275 . re haidhbhliu na fedmann no fuilngitis of the stresses CCath. 5872 . ag airiúghadh an ḟeadhma sin perceiving their labor (of men lifting a stone) ML 2.20 . Common in chevilles: f.¤ n-úag, SR 6837 . f.¤ as uaisliu, Fél. Jan. 21 . f.¤ ngle, BB 51a30 . f.¤ as détlu, ACL iii 297 § 52 . f.¤ ngialla, MR 204 . Transf. of persons: in Congenchnesach ..., in f.¤ nach fuiliṅgther, TBC-I¹ 2205 . gurab é an feidhm nach fuloingther ... .i. Fer Diadh, ZCP x 276.7 .

(d) use; efficacy, cf. (b): mór a bhfeidhm i n-aimsir the | d'fionnḟuaradh ceathra is daoine (of rivers), Content. vi 71 . Cf. ní feidhm do an Ghaoidheilg do léaghadh ... gan a bfios do bheith aige do mheabhair `without having them by heart it is a vain effort for him to attempt [he will not be able for] the reading of Irish' O'Gr. Cat. 630.24 . bíd drong ... doitheagaisg ann, ionnus nach bí feidhm ... an bás do bhagar orra so that it is no use threatening them TSh. 554 . dogní f.¤ de (re), makes use of: is é feidhm do-nídís do sheicheadhaibh na dtarbh, Keat. ii 5441 . nachar bhfer feadhma do dhéanamh re clogat é the man to use a helmet O'Gr. Cat. 510.26 .

benaid f.¤ de makes use of; causes to work: ag buain fheadhma dá eachraidh, RC xlix 173 § 33 .

atá f.¤ ar there is use for; need of: ní ḟuil feidhm ar th'iomarbháigh your arguing is needless (useless) Content. xxii 31 . dá mbeadh f.¤ ar .ae. do leathnughadh if it were needful to broaden `ae' IGT, Decl. Introd. 7.6 . ní haige an muinntir a tá slán a tá feidhm ar an líaigh, Matthew ix 2 . ort o nach bfuil a bfeidhm since they have no use for thee Carswell 24.11 . an uair nach roibhe f.¤ ar chlogat ag énduine, agus dá mbiadh nach aigesion do bhiadh f.¤ riu, O'Gr. Cat. 510.24 . fuair feidhm ar a ghuidhe `he found his prayer efficacious' A. Ó Dálaigh 50.28 . Without AR: is móide ata féidhm againn Dia do ghuidhe, Eochairsg. 17.21 . d'ḟ.¤ of use, needful (with AR of pers.): go bhfoighe an ghloir ṡiordhaidhe ┐ gach ní atá d'ḟeidhm air dochum a faghala, Ó Héodhusa 224.10 . na neithi do bhí df.¤ orra do bhreth leo, Mac Aingil 64.17 . éin-rí ... dob ḟearr d'ḟ.¤ d'Éirinn ná Niall of greater service to Content. v 70 . Cf. má do chuireas d'ḟ.¤ orra cuaird ... if I have constrained them to search xiv 19 . Hence with obj. gen. need, necessity, occasion: ní bhí feidhm lóirghníomha air, Mac Aingil 303.13 . do gach duine do beith 'na feidhm who might need it BCC p. 132.16 . Cf. mainnear i bhf.¤ a faire adhbha an anma in need of guard (?) Studies 1931, 81 . ag so an fáinne i bhfeidhm na ndrol ib. cor faesma .i. in cor curtar risin mac faesma ... ┐ ní ar feidm gaire o geilfíne, Laws iv 62.4 .

Compds. ¤láidir strong of effort, energetic: fuirmeadh feidmlaitir, TBC-LL¹ p. 95 n. 1 St. fer foirtill feidhmláidir, AFM vi 2258.9 . gluasacht ... go foisdineach f., ML 64.17 . -nertmar id.: a fhlaith ... fedmnertmhar `mighty in enterprise' Aen. 1850 . a fiodhbhacaibh ... feidhmnertmara, AFM vi 2130.5 .

fo-émid, for-émid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-émid, for-émid or dil.ie/22654
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: -fémd-, forémid, forḟémid, foremdim, forémid, faemdet, femdit, forḟemid, foremmid, forémid, foremestair, foremdetar, forḟemdetar, foremdes, -ded

v ( fo-ess-mid-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 579 ) protot. -fémd-; not represented in O.Ir. Glosses. The form forémid is prob. due to infixed potential -ro-; often with inorganic f forḟémid ( SR 3209 etc.). Pres. 1 s. foremdim, LL 284b29 . 3 s. forémid, LU 9132 ( FB 88 ). faemdet, Ériu vi 135.57 . 3 pl. femdit, LU 8555 ( FB 41 ). perf. 3 s. forḟemid, SR 3209 . foremmid, LU 8397 ( FB 27 ). forémid, LU 9132 ( FB 88 ). foremestair, BB 492b29 . pl. foremdetar, Thes. ii 344.36 . forḟemdetar, TBC-LL¹ 1564 . Pass. perf. foremdes -ded, see III below.

I As personal act. vb.

(a) is unable, fails (to do something), with vn. or equivalent as obj.: forémdim tairnim I cannot bend Fél. 154x = LL 284b29 . forḟemdinn a thimargain I could not constrain him SR 1338 . forfémmedus cach rét nogniind remi do dénam I was unable to do all that I used to do before LU 1319 ( Imr. Brain ii 290 , uaremedhus, baremidus v.l.). forféimdhius-sa sealladh fair I could not bear to look at it BNnÉ 93 § 203 . uair forémid ní dó since he could do nothing to him (i.e. could not influence him) PH 4726 = forémdid, 4891 . dammidethar fá dí día lémaim ┐ forémid, LU 9132 ( FB 88 ). barémid nech díb a aged do ṡoud fodess none of them could turn southwards TBC-LL¹ 2407 (corresp. to : connāchcǣmnacair ... ronucad a ainech secha fades itir Delca ┐ muir, TBC-I¹ 1745 ). forḟemid cor de could not stir Trip. 450.6 ( LB 26b12 ). forḟeimidh in mogh a tógbáil the slave was unable to raise it Cóir Anm. 40 . foremdid immáin a bo, Lat. Lives 83 = forḟeimigh, Lism. L. 1588 . forḟemdid lasin aingel a mallachad, LB 123a1 = foremidh risin a., YBL 294a8 (of Balaam). huair forḟemid ... a óentagud do Ioseph SR 3209 (the wife of Potiphar) = triallais in ben forecin fairsium uair forḟemid ais, LB 115b10 (forfemhidh hi chena YBL 286b4 , but: foremidh he chena, 63b29 . BB 237b43 ). carraig ... foremestair Ercail do thogail, BB 492b29 . foremdetar Ui F. a turcbáil, Thes. ii 344.36 . barrobratar in ṅGlassi ┐ forḟemdetar a techt, TBC-LL¹ 1564 (= nior fedsat teact tairsi St). tancatar ... fri taeb na Glassi, dáig fosremdetar a techt, 1582 . forḟemdhetar a chosc oc bendachad mac nIsrahel, LB 123a4 = rofeimdetar, YBL 294a10 ( Num. xxii - xxiv ). do feimgedur dol forin caslen, Ann. Conn. 1246 § 8 (= ni roḟedsat dol FM). cach ndoraid forfeimdibitis fir Erenn every difficulty the men of Ireland should fail to solve Dinds. 117 . Cf. femdeth gail, SR 3155 .

With pers. obj. in ellipt. sentence: tuc M. a máthair a gentlidecht; forémdid im[morro] a athair (Patre in malis perseverante) Lat. Lives 91 .

Cf. nosfémded cach dechenbar `no ten men were a match for him' Metr. Dinds. iii 156 .

(b) refuses, shirks (doing something): ni dlig a dilsi co forfemde cach `he is not entitled to the ownership until everybody refuses (disclaims) it' Laws v 262.4 . rosfeimdetar fir Fótla ... altram Néill, Ériu iv 94 § 10 (Rawl. = forḟeimdetar LL). foreimidseat Bretain a mbiathad refused to feed them Todd Todd Nenn. 84 . indrocht fír fo-n-éimed fiadain 'fraudulent (unlawful ?) is an attestation that witnesses disclaim' ZCP xxix 177 . See éimdid.

II In impers. construction (act.) in sense (a) : dolluid crini chucum-sa ... ┐ forémed imtecht I was unable to walk LU 1241 ( Imr. Brain ii 287 ; addró imthecht v.l.). With FOR: forfeimidh forra a erslagadh, Hugh Roe² (f. 4a ) = forḟémhidh, AFM vi 1898.16 .

With acc. FOR: conattecht Medb Fergus ... do chomrac ra Coin Culaind, ar rosfemmid ḟiru hErend the men of Ireland had refused (had failed ?) to do so TBC-LL¹ 2858 = ro emgeatar fir E. dul do chomhrac St.

III Pass. constr.:

(a) forfeimdes a hergaire no one could hinder him SR 4808 (of Balaam). rucad iarum do muliund Ratha C. ... ┐ foremthes a bleith it could not be ground Thes. ii 335.31 . forreimdes [foremthes v.l.) a mbreith la Buchat B. was unable to take them RC xxv 30 § 13 . forémdes ... o Chobthach dul issin tech C. was unable to enter LL 270a12 ( ZCP iii 7 § 24 , foroemthes, atroas v.l.). da laeg ..., foréimdes comairle forru co ndergena fiadmíla díb two calves ... they could not be controlled, so they went wild LL 165a49 (= conad feta ni dib nothing could be done with them RC xvi 153 ). forfeimdhetth breth ┐ eraic ar méd an tsaraighthe judgment and compensation could not be awarded BNnÉ 313 § 4 . roféimed ní dó nothing could be done for him (of a sick man) Acall. 7571 . ro femed a airium ... ar marbad do Gallaib the number of foreigners slain was past counting Cog. 38.1 .

In sense (b): atbert in ben ... fri hIosep dul ina coemthach ... forḟemdius tra o Iosep inni sin J. refused to do so LB 115a53 .

forcle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forcle or dil.ie/23453

Forms: foir-, fair-

n (far-, foir-, fair-) m. top-surface; a top, cover, lid (in wide sense): tria tholl fil i ḟarcli na cómlad (of a casket) LB 158a19 . comra ... co ḟarcle(?) ōir furri, 159a60 . crocán ... ┐ faircli criad do cur ar a bél, O'Gr. Cat. 179.14 . faircle comdaingen cloiche roboí ar in fi[d]chill ... ┐ faircli fuithe (of a stone slab), Acall. 7803 . rethid cosin carraic ... cora laí in farcli uachtarach di, LL 222b37 ( TTr. 407 ), of Hercules raiding the cave of Cacus) = a forcli u. don carraig , BB 416b19 . Of the patella or kneecap: faircle for glun, Auraic. 5008 . faircli ┐ esgat a lanomna in gluin, 5035 (= almnae 1854 ). cusna farclib glun (gl. cum genuclis), Gild. Lor. 183 . ḟaircledha a nglun, Dinds. 85 . de dislocatione genu ┐ rotuli .i. labrum anois don glun an tan ted asa inadh no don ḟaircle, YBL 349b30 . madh ē an faircli rachus as a inadh ib. 37 . Cf. foircli fer for foirclibh fer, TBC-LL¹ 5948 St (= forcléithe ... forcleithe LL. forclethi ... forclethi, TBC-I¹ 3550 . See forcléithe). (of Cú Chulainn in his frenzy :) benais béim ... don charput uachtarach fora forcli, LU 6460 = ḟorcli, TBC-LL¹ 2609 (`mit dem oberen Kiefer auf dessen Deckel' Wi.).

Fig.: atá clār talman ... aníss, ┐ atá faircle ... na firmaiminti foraínd anuass, ML² 1376 (= fairchle, ML 102 ).

f.¤ caille a plant name (?) : ba casmail fri forcli cailli nó sian sléibi a gruaidh, IT iii 186.13 = YBL 182a4 . Cf. cosmail ri forcleithi cailli cetemuin, Aen. 1926 (see forcléithe).

ro dhienbhlosgustair an pūdar ... co ttarlaic an faircle firleac [sic leg.] fionnaolta na feineistre ... don naoimhecclais iar n-uachtar shot the lintel (?) ... up above the church (?) (of an explosion in a monastery) Hugh Roe 288.27 (f. 76a) .

fothugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fothugad or dil.ie/24207

Forms: fothaide

n u, m. vn. of fothaigid.

(a) settling on a basis (1 fotha), establishing, founding (lit. and fig. ): re fothugud hirisse `before the founding of the Faith' Thes. i 495.12 ( Ardm. 107b ). tri cella décc dfotughadh le R., Ériu v 105.19 . Ath Truim do fothúghadh la Patraicc AFM i 130.7 . a urnaighthe d'fhothughadh ar carraig na humhlachta, Parrth. Anma 250.19 . fothughadh .i. cumhdach no tionnsgnamh; f.¤ eagailsi, O'Cl.

(b) supporting, upholding: cetri cláir ic f.¤ ┐ ic fulang ... na sanctaire, LB 120b38 = YBL 67b25 . clar fothaigti BB 241b39 (= fothaidi, YBL 67a21 . fothaide, LB 120b34 ; cf. fothad). tuir fothaighte ┐ fulaing ... na nOirghiall (of Mág Uidhir) AFM vi 2164 . fer tighe aoidhedh do chongmhail ┐ d'fothucchadh, v 1466 . Maintaining, providing for (of food or other dues): éigim dochraite ... fothugud do ríg hErenn form thír ... co bráth, RC xxv 26 § 8 ( LL 270b45 = fothugud do rig for mo chuit forbbae ┐ feraind do gres, Rawl. 134a4 ). curub tualaing gach ae dib fothagud a coibne `to support its own company' Laws v 48.5 Comm. in ní is coir doib d'f.¤ isin lo to provide ii 378.12 Comm . (gl. fothud). Cf. fothugud fes preparation of feasts (a function of hospitality), ACL iii 296 § 40 . f.¤ fial ... fīor-oīghed, Anecd. ii 53 . Fig.: ri fothugud feirggi ... na féinned keeping up LL 239a30 ( TTr. 1660 ). inneoin ḟothaighthi onra a teglaig for sustaining the honour of his household MR 108.17 ( YBL 300a37 , see indeóin). fáidi foillsigthi fis ┐ foirne fothaigthi ┐ fiadnaisi, MR 240.19 ( YBL 309b53 ). Sustaining (a combat), holding out: in fothughadh ... ┐ an fairisiumh doronsat muinter Poimp for a cinn, CCath. 5799 . Cf. is torc tren hi fothugud (of a warrior) LU 8893 ( FB 68 , ` support, maintenance ' i.e. feeding ? Wind.). By extension holding up, checking: ic fostad ┐ ic fothughadh ḟoirne d'á n-ógbhadhaibh MR 316.29 ( YBL 313a41 ).

(c) in gramm. the positive degree: possit ... lasin Laitneoir .i. fothugudh ... lasin filid, Auraic. 644 ; 657 .

1 fúaimm, fúamm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fúaimm, fúamm or dil.ie/24624

Forms: f., fuam, fúaim, fuaim

n n, n. later m. n s. f.¤ n-amra, SR 3309 . fuam ṅgle, 1359 . fúaim nglan, LU 4319 . LL 150b4 . fuaim n-echraide, 6899 . On derivation see Marstrander ZCP vii 364 .

(a) a sound, noise , in wide sense of inarticulate sounds whether natural or artificial, harmonious or discordant : Is é in f.¤ ┐ fothrom ... atchuala-som, TBC-LL¹ 5072 . estecht re [a] f.¤ ┐ re [a] fothrom (viz. of the contending bulls) 6165 . nach[a] rōbda fuam in tslúaig, LU 4678 . fúam bó mblecht, fúam cerdchae, fúam arathair, Triads 146 . la fúaim na spréde, LU 6923 ( BDD 54 ). (caide guth trom ?) .i. fuaim tuinne fri carraig , Ériu xiii 36 (4).23 . co cloisind ... fúam na fairrge, ZCP v 496 = Measgra D. p. 120 . fuaim eassa na sroth sin ... ba bindi na cach ceol, IT iii 195 § 35 . fuaimm flescbuille the swish of a whip Ériu iii 14 § 8 . fúaim na .v. rann ... ac tuitim, RC xxiv 382.16 = YBL 86a23 ; cf. la fuam ... thorainn ┐ luachait, Ériu ii 138.2 . fri fuaim gemrid, Ériu vii 4.1 . a n-uaim ┐ a fogor ┐ a macalla (of the clash of armies in battle), Cog. 180.13 (a ffuaim ┐ a n-esorccain v.l.). pl. tri fúammann móaigthe, Triads 146 . fogur ┐ fúamand ... na fial sin oc comríachtain, LU 2068 ( FA 14 ). ro siac[h]t a mbresmaidm ┐ a fuamannai ... co fircleit[h]i sleibi O., CCath. 5628 . go cclos a ffuamanna ... i ccléithibh aeoir (of ordnance) AFM vi 2028.8 . Flaithbertach fúamann `F. of the shoutings' Metr. Dinds. iv 206 . teach na tri fumand, fuaim cloichi i mbrochan, etc. O'D. 2398 ( Rawl. B 506, f. 50a ). Rarely of language : mise chanus an dán, | chuirios plán is fuaim na dhiaid, O'Gr. Cat. 618.25 (`that first give the "piano," then follow it up with a burst of "forte"' O'Gr.; that conceive the plan and then put it into words ?) uatha uirthi níor fríth linn fuaim nó focal do chomaoinn, Keat. Poems 8 .

Common in chevilles : ba fúam fír, SR 6457 . fúam tricc 523 , 1359 . fuam cert, 3311 . fúaim col-lí, LU 3755 ( SCC 34 ). fuaim can meirg, LL 211a14 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 22 ). Cath Fairgge, fedil in fúaim, Metr. Dinds. iii 462 .

In sense a reproach, charge (cf. guth in same use) : f.¤ .i. tobeim, Lec. Gl. 494 . Metr. Gl. 6 .

Compds. fuamchleas ` noise-feat ' (one of Cú Chulainn's feats) RC xxix 128.3 . ¤daith swift of word(?) : flaith fechair fuamdaith, Rawl. 116c39 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 16 ; `rühmlich gewandt' Meyer.

gerbach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gerbach or dil.ie/25725

adj (gerb) o,ā scabby, mangy: gl. rugosus, Ir. Gl. 652 . clamh nó gearbach, Levit. xxi 20 . sechnad comriachtain ... re mnai carraig no gerbuigh cum ... scabiosa, Irish Texts v 62.6 .

innonn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. innonn or dil.ie/28836

Forms: anonn

adv (earlier *inn-oll. KZ 48.56 q.v.). Later anonn. Of place, yonder, over, thither, to that side ; of time, hence, forwards, on ; of enumeration, on, out ; occasionally it seems to mean yonder, on that side without motion being implied. tempore o sund innonn henceforth , Wb. 22d8 . hua sunt innúnn gl. ultra, Ml. 100d6 . innúnn hílle (rectius hílle innúnn) gl. húc atque illuc, 47d6 . (cf. innúnn, ille gl. recedere, accedere, 27d15 and 16 ). bertair dano briathra asin stoir-sea innun do fuillned inna salm innunn the psalms (that are) on the other side ?, 26c6 . tar crích innunn `beyond the boundary,' Sg. 217b12 . sech inn aimsir crichnigthi hínnunn `beyond the definite time,' 13 . docoid tar recht naicnid hinnun `he has transgressed a law of nature,' 16 . ro chualatar Ulaid innund in andord, IT i 73.4 . rucad si innund co Conchobar, co mbái for a láim, 76.10 . co mbatar ic fegad in dúnaid úathu innund, iii 476.175 . tecait innund isin dúnud ┐ ferthair firchain fáilti friu, 468.83 . dotháet isin cath innond, TBC-I¹ 1993. for tonnaib otha carraic anunn `from the rock out,' Laws v 484.26 Comm. otha na secht firu dec anunn, iv 42.24 Comm. mas ar dia rucad anund he `if it was out of charity he was brought in,' iii 198.z Comm. a breith inunn in conuir tuccadh amach to take it in by the same way ..., ii 14.12 Comm. na seotu cirneas anunn cu hindligtech the `seds' which he unlawfully bestows, 312.5 Comm. da ḟastodh anund to keep them yonder (i.e. within the tribe), iv 288.13 Comm. mac faosam (sic) do derbfine ... beirid uili in fearann ... iar ndul anunn don gaire `after having gone over (into the family) ...,' 288.23 Comm. duine ... ata re fine amuigh ... co na gabur anunn e can fir de lais, 294.19 Comm. o sin anund .i. ota na seacht primaisti amach, Auraic. 1585. [ní] ba síri traigidh húad ille ┐ hinnonn airm hi toethsad ` hither and thither ,' BDD² 1097. ní fil ní nád faelasa ó sin innonn `from that out,' 739 . fer díb dar múr immach ... ┐ Crom Deróil dar múr innond, MU² 503. an cethrar út ... tabrat don cethrar anunn | deoch gach fhir ocus abull, SG 112.12 . intan tancatarsom istech innund, Ériu v 212.93 . cóic seóit ó suidiu anund, ii 204.19 . sech ni thecat ille, ni thiagat innond, RC x 52.16 . coraigi in carraig sin anunn ┐ anall aris coraigi in port, BB 459b36 . ó thráth nóna anund, IGT Decl. ex. 891. a litir léigim anonn `which I send yonder,' Studies 1918, 454 § 18 . do dheachaidh mac righ Saxan tairis inunn ... do chosaoid Hugo ... re a athair, AFM iii 68.2 . ar na bhogadh anonn sa nall `tossed to and fro,' Proverbs xxi 6. ar son chreidhimh go dian díreach, | gan dul seach anonn ná anall, Keat. Poems 1334.

Freq. used in ref. to the next world, cf. tall and Eng. `the other side' : is i crist beimmi iar techt innonn, Wb. 21b7 . innahi fodaimem re techt innúnn, Ml. 111c13 . nā ruccam anonn | nach peacadh lind, ACL iii 231.10 . dorata Dīa ... dó ... flaith nime īar rīachtu anunn, ZCP iv 242.29 .

laithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. laithe or dil.ie/29474
Last Revised: 2019

n io, n

Cf. . laithe m., IGT Decl. § 2. See also Introd. § 147 . Early occurrences: n s. a laithe, Ml. 21c3 . a s. fri laithe, Wb. 8d22 . g s. laithi, Wb. 26b7 . d s. laithiu, Wb. 25d20 . n pl. laithi lithacha .i. laithi senamla, O'Curry 1282, (H 3.18 534) . g pl. inna laithe, Ml. 17d6 . d pl. hi lathib litaib, Ml. 62a18 . Note also d s. laithen, ITS xxix 168.1 123.6 (?) , g pl. 11 .

(a) day, daylight (as distinguished from night: see Celtica iii 256-7 ): samaltir in molad dóinde fri laithe ar a gairti ṁbis, Wb. 8d22 . intan tét a laithe di chiunn, Ml. 21c3 . amal as toisegiu grián indáas laithe ┐ is laithe foilsigedar cech rét, Ml. 85b11 . adaig tar aesi laíthi, 21c3 . hi cech oina laithe gl. in dies singulos, 58d3 . tairciud cech lathi i ndigaid alaili, 111a5 . ni fil isin bliadain | . . . laithe . . . | nach at-rised munter, Fél. Prol. 283 . laithe na mís, 301 . is ī rē laithe nobitis isin cess, O'Mulc. 835 . ba hiat sin na sē laithi |. . . lūan, mairt, cēdāin, is dardāin | āine [┐] satharn, Ériu iii 143.6 . oir is amlaid so fodhailtear in aimsear ... a cadar i llaithi, a llaithi i sechtmain, MR 108.4 .

With adaig: trī laithe ┐ teora haidche, ITS xxxv 20 § 112 . fed do laithe ┐ t'oidhchi, Smaointe B. Chr. 3952 .

Of particular times of day (in gen. or with DI): medon lathi gl. hic meridies, Sg. 66b21 . a mucha lai ┐ laithe ambarach, YBL 329a24 ( TMoméra 154.3 ). co ti leth lathi in domnaig mid-day, SR 8036 . o leuth lathi . . . co trath nona, SR 8041 .

Of yesterday, today, next day, etc.: isind lathi luid yesterday, TBC-LL¹ 3605 . isind laithiusa indiu, RC iii 179.10 . See also bárach.

(b) With adj. or qual. gen. Most frequently of Day of Judgement : di llaithiu bratho, Wb. 25d20 . See bráth. a laithe an chriarta, ZCP viii 208.31 . laithi in Luain, ML² 1621 . Duligēn deilb latha luain, ACL iii 307.y .

Of feast-days and festivals: lathe na samna, LU 3223 ( SCC 1 ). Of sabbath: di laithiu sabbait rocét, Ml. 57d13 .

Various: i laithibh teannta on days of oppression, L. Cl. A. B. 237.13 . laithe a tréighte, 224.118 . See aicenta, 2 saerda.

(c) In adverbial phrases. Denoting point of time : scorais ala laithiu fichet mís Augaist `encamped on the 22nd of August', AU i 434.8 . [a]raile laithiu tra bói Colmán isin Carraig-sin, BColm. 52.y .

With cech ` daily ', freq. in g s.: drong sacart...dom chobair cech laithe, Fél. Ep. 271 . gacha laithe, Fl. Earls 24.4 . fuair nead lán gach re laithe every other day, IGT Decl. ex. 133 .

Also in phrase cor an chaem-laithe: flaith Fáil car an chaomhlaithi | ag car áir na hénlaithe, IGT Decl. ex. 132 . car an caemh laithe `while daylight remained' AFM vi 2198.1 . See also 1 sam compds.

With prepp. CO: go laithib a mbais, BNnÉ 119.6 . I N-: i laithibh sealga, Aithd. D. 28.26 .

In phr. ro boí l.¤ once upon a time: rombói lathe rordu rind | de thuaith Chorpri des Boind, LL 331c20 . Later l.¤ n-óen: luid C. laithi n-aen ann do forom ar enlaithib, RC vi 184.16 . laithe n-aon, Desid. 129 . aon do laeithibh do chuadhus-[s]a, Feis Tighe Chonáin 292 . aon do na laithibh one day Desid. 5386 .

Miscellaneous wider applications: co nderrnaid teora laithiu fri ré n-athgairid 'a three days' journey', Grail 1981 .

muir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. muir or dil.ie/32761
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: muir, ṁmuir, muir, mmuir, moro, mora, mara, mara, maro, more, muire, mure, mara, muir, muir, mhara, moir, muir, mara, muire, mara, marann, mara, marannaibh, muirinn, muir, mara, marai, muir-, mur-, mur-, muirágu, muirbretha, muirmhil, Muir, Murcon, Muirmhedho

n i, n. and m., later also f. O.Ir. forms: n s. muir, Thes. ii 47.31 ( Philarg. 83 ). (with art.) a ṁmuir mbrígach, Fél. Ep. 30. in muir , SR 287 , 3989 . a s. (with art.) issa mmuir , Thes. i 493.27 , 29 ( Tur. 131 ). g s. in moro , Ml. 81a4 , cf. 96c1 . mora, Sg. 94a3 . Thes. ii 290.5 ( Sg. 112 ). AU 769. in mara , Gild. Lor. 5. rith mara , SR 266. dochom maro , LU 5382 ( TBC-I¹ 906 ). fri more foimrim, IT ii1 182.2 ( YBL 116b47 ). a p. forsna muire , Ml. 126a4 . tarsna mure , 122a3 . In Mid.Ir. n p. mara (mora) is found. In later Mid.Ir. muir becomes fem. (already in LB 125b15 ; cf. also SR 287 : in muirlinn aili is i in muir , but possibly the gender of the pron. is that of muirlinn); in Mod.Ir. generally fem. (Keat.; but g s. an mhara , TSh. 103 , 10260 ). moir muir (m., g s. mara), IGT Dec. § 41 ; (f., g s. muire, mara) § 42 . In late lit. n -forms occur in oblique cases of pl.: g p. na marann , RC xxiv 371.28 (n p. mara, ib.), 378.10 (Rennes Tenga Bithnua). d p. marannaibh, ZCP vi 59.17 . Cf. torann-fadach na muirinn ┐ na n-uiscedha ` seas ', RC xxviii 312 § 8 (but see muirenn).

The sea in wide sense, both of sea as opposed to land and of particular tracts of ocean with special designations, occas. of inland seas; freq. used without art., esp. after prep. Gl. mare, Ml. 62c2 , Gild. Lor. 5 , Ir. Gl. 860 ; aequor, Philarg. 83 ( Thes. ii 47 , 362 ). muir i.e. a nomine mare (mara MS.), Corm. Y 913. nem uasaind ┐ talam ísaind ┐ m.¤ immaind immá cuard, TBC-LL¹ 4752. Dia . . . is e doroine nem ┐ talam ┐ m.¤ , PH 989. for m.¤ ┐ fairrge, 2080 . turcgeba in m.¤ mormoṅgach, SR 8105. m.¤ mílach, Fél. June 21 . in set dogabur itir nai tonna ┐ tir . . . in set dogabur arin m.¤ mor the high sea, Laws v 326.5 . i n-inis mara, IT i 75.4 . longa in mara, PH 7024. do treabaidh ais na muire `the back of the seas' (? sea), Leb. Gab.(i) i 36.11 . tonn fuar na muire mairbhe, Aisl. Tond. 104.8 . metither ra Fomóir na ra fer mara, TBC-LL¹ 3805 (the last four words are a gloss; merman? pirate?). i llán mara in the full tide, AU 769. in lān mara, Fl. Earls 20.17 . Cog. 190.20 . muc mara a porpoise (see muc(c)). do m.¤ by (on) land: do m.¤ is do t[h]ír, BColm. 102.10 . CCath. 2675. ac indrudh Muman do m.¤ ┐ do thir, RC xviii 49.24 (Tig.). pl. in distrib. sense: mara móra co n-ainbthinib, FA 30 = marai LB. ru reset inna muire ┐ inna locha, AU 821. fo lochaib ┐ lindaib ┐ muirib, Laws i 72.8 . tre ilmuire, Aen. 331.

Of particular seas: tri m.¤ robur the Red Sea , Ml. 82c8 , cf. 96c1 . See robur. Also called m.¤ ruad, PH 2823 (see rúad). muir Caisp the Caspian Sea , Leb. Gab.(i) i 16.19 . m.¤ n-Ichtt, IT i 39.18 (= mare Vectis, the English Channel ). dar m.¤ Torrian the Tyrrhene (Mediterranean) Sea , PH 570. i n-innsib Mara Torrian, Hy. ii 11. otha m.¤ Terren aniar conice m.¤ mairb from the Mediterranean to the Dead Sea, LB 125b14 . muir marb, 159a19 . isna crichaib borethaib i leith re muir tēcht the frozen (hyperborean) Sea, BB 492a13 (= tēchtmuir, Alex. 437 ); 487b9 . in Mhuir Técht the Dead Sea , Maund. 92. risin m.¤ tentide bo deis the fiery (torrid) sea (southern boundary of inhabited earth), BB 487b12 . for imlib mara Tibir the sea of Tiberias, LB 118b51 . i mm.¤ Thibriatis, PH 6716. an m.¤ Ponteca (= mare Ponticum), Auraic. 3343.

Transf. and fig.: m.¤ tened, FA 25. is m.¤ dar crichu a sea overflowing boundaries (of an invincible enemy), TBC-LL¹ 5395. is m.¤ dar múru, 5277 = is tond romara, TBC-I¹ 3214. bud m.¤ conbaidfea duib-si in buden sain a sea that will drown (you), 5578 . ? iarna sáethur gair-som | it é cen aes muir-som (mair-sium, mairson v.l.), Fél. Prol. 60 = it é muir-som cen aes they are a sea without age (cf. ler slúagdae, March 21 ), Thurneysen. m.¤ téachta déar d'fhuil, Ir. Monthly 1929, 596.32 . an mhuir-se na mailíse, TSh. 2068.

Compds. Before a non-palatal consonant in the second component muir- becomes mur- in Mid.Ir. and many stable compds. are treated separately under mur-.

A. With subst.: ¤ág(a)e m. sea-beach, coast (? sea-dyke)? d s. din muirágu , Thes. i 498.25 ( Ardm. 188b1 ), gl. de assole vel de Asson ( Acts xxvii. 13 ). A compd. of áge `pillar, prop'? ¤bolc (bolg) m. `a sea bag', inlet of the sea (see ZCP xi 192 , xii 305 ). As n.l.: in Muirbulc mar, Thes. i 280.42 (d s.). a mMurbulg, ZCP viii 218.5 . Dal Riati in Muirbuilgg, AU 730 (g s.). ac carraig Murbuilg, CRR 9. ¤bran m. a cormorant: gl. merges (= mergus), Sg. 55b9 . ¤breth f. a sea-judgement; (in pl.), maritime law . pl. muirbretha , Laws i 182.1 . diles i muirbrethaib, iii 422.1 . i murbrethaib, H 3.17 c. 656 ( O'D. 925 ). isna Muirbrethaib (name of a legal tract?), Corm. Y 539. ¤cengal m. ` sea-bond '; transf. of a chieftain a sea-compeller, sea-ruler? Muirceangal ua Domain Nuaill (.i. Maghnus o Domhnaill), ZCP v 486 § 10 (B. na f.). ¤coblach m. a sea-fleet; a naval expedition . muirchoblach, LU 9801 ( RC vi 165.22 ). tánic Nemed . . . a murchoblach cetheora barca .xxx., LU 1277 ( Imr. Brain ii 288 ). i mbraine muircoblaig, O'Mulc. 292. i murchoblaigib in fleets , Trip. 206.1 . fo clú . . . an murchoblaigh sin Golaim sea expedition, Leb. Gab.(i) i 232.8 . murchoblach la Colman . . . hi Soil ┐ i nIle, AFM i 204.7 . ¤choirthe castaway, shipwrecked person: for murchorthai, ZCP xiii 21.36 . eiric tar cend murcuirthi cin apu do righ, Laws v 182.9 . o murchuirthe codnach … o murchuirthe leithcuinn ┐ lethceille, Bretha 20 § 12.3 . ¤comrac m. a sea-fight: tíagait do muirchomruc forsind [ḟ]airrce, BDD 45. murcomrac forsin fairrgi etir Gallu ┐ Niall, RC xvii 361.15 (Tig.), cf. AFM ii 804.5 . ¤fecht a naval expedition or hosting: muirḟecht secht fichet long di muinntir righ Gall, AU 848 = muirfheacht, AFM i 476.19 . See muiriucht. ¤fiach m. a sea-raven: i ndeilb muirfeich mair, Imr. Brain ii 291 (Laud) = i ndeilb segi mori .i. murrech, LU 1323. segha .i. muiriach (nó muirrech) mor, Imr. Brain ii 291 n. 3 . ¤gabál f. sea-faring (? coasting): gach port i tigeadh Ith i nErinn iar murghabhail na ntír i raibhe, BB 38b3 . ¤gabul m. an inlet of the sea. n p. muirgobuil, Ml. 45d12 . Of a river: scailed murgabla srotha Ligir `letting out an inlet of the river Loire', RC xv 434 ( Dinds. 43 ) = scaíled in murgabuil múaid | cos'tathig Ligir londglúair, Metr. Dinds. iii 194.9 . iar tuaslucud in murgabail i Torinis glain i tírib Fraṅc, LL 159b30 . ¤gae a sea-spear, harpoon: murgha, Lism. L. 1640. ¤galar m. sea-sickness: eabur re ndol ar fairrge . . . ┐ ni dén murgalar olc dhó, R.I.A. 23 K 42, 325.2 . ¤geilt m. ` a sea-lunatic'; a sea-fugitive or wanderer, term applied to the mermaid Lí Ban . Muirgeilt .i. geilt in mara, LU 3130. murgeilt, 3043 . murgelt, 3022 ( SG 235.28 ). in hoc anno capta est in Muirgelt for Tracht Ollarba . . . .i. Airiu ingen Eachach maic Muiredha, RC xvii 147.4 (Tig.) = in muirgheilt, AU 571 = an muirgelt .i. Liban, AFM i 200.10 . ¤geintlecht f. sea-sorcery, sea-magic: muirgheintleacht, Keat. Poems 695. ¤iasc m. sea-fish: tóla muiréisc maigrig, Metr. Dinds. iii 426.9 . ¤inis f. a sea-island , Laws iv 6.10 . ¤lán f. full tide: antí riasa ttraighedh an mhuirlán, ZCP x 4.8 . ¤linn f. sea-pool , poetic term for sea. ri dorigni muirlinn māir | os an ḟirmimint imṡlain, | in muirlinn aili is i in muir, SR 285 - 7 (see Gen. i 7 ). do mhuirlinn mara, Leb. Gab.(i) i 128.4 . ag muirlinn mhóir Chinn Mhaghair, Duan. F. i 32.18 . Muirtheimhne ón muirlinn, Keat. ii 1225 (poem). ¤loch a lagoon, salt-marsh: isin muirloch, gl. in salsuginem, Thes. i 6.8 (Southamp. Psalter). os murloch, Acall. 5924 n . ¤luachair f. sea reeds, sedge: firluachair ┐ murl., Laws i 172.16 Comm. ¤mag n. a sea-plain, salt marsh (?): im rasas do murmaige `for the crop (? cropping) of thy sea-march', Laws i 166.27 . ¤mesóc f.: ro gabsad muirmesoga mora do lar `great sea-acorns', RC xxvi 160 § 48. ¤míl m. a sea animal, fish: g s. eithre muirmhil , Lism. L. 2223. lomnan magair is muirmhil, Irish Texts ii 19 § 23. plag arna muirmilaib, BB 388b36 . As collective: amhlaid bit an muirmil hisin, Leb. Gab.(i) i 204.20 (of mermaids). ¤ṡeilche a sea-monster : muir druídechta ro baí fair co muirselche ann co n-aicniud súigthech leis, Comp. CC 36 § 34 (Toch. Em.) = Metr. Dinds. iv 294 . ¤técht: da ttí don leth thuaidhe, doghébha [m]uirtheucht cona tonnaibh ` rough sea ', ITS v 118.26 . muirtheucht, 120.9 . muirteachd ` unnavigable seas ', O'R. Poems Seems intended for: muir técht a congealed (i.e. frozen) sea (for m.¤ Técht as n. l. see muir). Cf. muir théacht `a viscid sea ', ITS xxiv 20.27 ; air muir dtéachtuidh, 126.3 . ¤torad m. sea-produce: mess ┐ claiss ┐ muirthorud, LU 10116 = murtorad, ZCP iii 229 § 1. a mes ┐ a murthorad . . . inna hindsi, Ériu iv 128 § 8. ag buain na femnuige ┐ in murthoraid olchena, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.19) . do tochaitheamh . . . mesa ┐ murtoraidh Erenn, Leb. Gab.(i) i 26.16 . murthoradh .i. toradh mara, O'Cl. ¤trácht m. sea-strand: murthracht, ZCP x 343.17 . dar muncind in múrtráchta, MacCongl. 37.3 . ¤tráig f. strand, beach: in murtraig, Lism. L. 1946. Occas. also in adjs. formed from nouns: eass . . . maigrech murbiastach ` sea-monsterful ', MR 104.13 . anfadh mara murbradanaigh, IT iii 71.6 = mulbratanaigh, ib. 3 ; `des seefischreichen Meeres', Bruchst. i § 34 .

B. Muir enters into composition of proper names: ¤bran ` sea-raven ', ZCP viii 328.20 . ¤chú ` sea-dog '; name of biographer of St. Patrick, RC xxvi 366. Muirchiu (sic), AU 827. g s. Murcon , AU 735. ¤mid: g s. Muirmhedho , AU 797. With adj.: Muirchertach, AU 527 , 926 (Muircertach). ¤gel (npr. f.?): Muirgel Manann, IT iii 34 § 9. co Muirgil, ib. Cf. also Murchad (m.¤ +cath).

sonairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sonairt or dil.ie/38466

Forms: sonirt

adj i (2 so+nert) strong, firm, robust : sonirt gl. robustus, Metr. Gl. 111.15 . ni forcital sonirt, Wb. 8c5 . forcetal s.¤ , 33c17 . rofitemmar-ni bes sonirt for n-iressi, 14b19 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib, Ml. 146a6 . air is s.¤ atreba ní clantar, 63b9 . niath s.¤ , Thes. ii 8.38 (Aug.). bad s.¤ ar n-airle, Fél. Prol. 261 . móethoclaech sáer s.¤ , LU 3455 ( SCC 23 ). áos labor . . . áos s.¤ , Mon. Tall. 48 (145.6) . batar sonairte seom im cach n-imguin, IT i 74.19 . atát ádbair sonairti acut, CCath. 557 . nocho ba fota a flaithius ┐ ni ba s.¤ , Lat. Lives 22.5 . carraig . . . a roibi feidm seisrigi sonairti, TTebe 942 . Equative: sonartaidir slebe ón, Ml. 90b4 . Compar. snisni ata sonortu, Wb. 6c22 . air roptar sonartu maicc israhel in tain sin, Ml. 49a16 . ba sonartite a menma hi nDia, PH 1148 . Superl. airit hesidi ata sonartam indiunni, Ml. 44d3 . sechis sonairtimem gl. durissima, 116a7 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam ┐ is sonartem la Condachta, Trip.² 1063 . Adv. ro-chathaigset co calma ┐ co s.¤ , PH 6519 . do éirigh co s.¤ ina shuidhe, ITS v 76.12 .

As subst.: nosnerta in sonirt `the firm one encourages them', Wb. 10c3 .

srón

Cite this: eDIL s.v. srón or dil.ie/38834

n ā, f., IGT Decl. § 149 (149.22) .

(a) nostril, in dual nose: s.¤ gl. naris, Ir. Gl. 1039 . doinfeith tinith oa gin, o[a] sronaibh, Trip.² 222 . durébbrenset a dí sróin for[s]in sét, 1684 . robé bolltanugud in spirta nōib isna srōnaib-sea, ACL iii 232.26 . gatair a súile assa cind ┐ a sróna, Ériu v 209.24 . co nditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips', CCath. 5265 . a srónu ┐ a belu na biasta, PH 7235 . toradh na súl is na s.¤ , Aithd. D. 80.33 . go mbia bréantas ag bréanadh sh.¤ an chiontaigh i n-ifreann, TSh. 6547 . Cf. ar da n-echaib . . . bolg[sh]róin with distended nostrils, TBC-LL¹ 3377 ( balcsroin, 5622 St.). ? deochair álainn aturo | na ndís brecsroin bil, SG 90.15 .

(b) nose : sróin gl. nassum, Sg. 97a3 . éccid in sróin súil bél, Ardm. 219b1 ( KZ xxxi 245 ). clūim .i. caol-sēim .i. cēile (ceilid ?) in srōin ima mbī, Corm. Y 342 . ronna immorro quasi srōn-unna .i. ton[n]a srōna, quia est unda .i. tond, 1116 . srōn .i. srūaim ena .i. imat usque, 1176 . do-rat cách díb builli dar sróin a chēili, Sc.M² 6 . co moing a sróna gl. tulmaing, IT i 162.y . corbo chomfota frisin sróin, LU 6472 . dluge srónae óclaige, Fianaig. 26.2 . condas-cichi srōin fri srōin `so that he sees them nose to nose', Ériu vi 122 § 6 . sceirdit broigh snechta as a sroin, MacCarthy 126.16 . fuil tsrona, Laws v 478.24 Comm . budh tráth nóna fa dhul di | go bun na sróna ag Síle, IGT Decl. ex. 1986 . in gach poll da shroin, Stair Erc. 766 . fá shróin an stáit in defiance of the state (?), Keat. Poems 51 . le séideadh do shróna, Exodus xv 8 .

(c) With uinge, etc., in name of a tax (cf. ON nef-gildi): almsa as cech sroin o Feruib Muighi d'fir a inaidh a nose-tax from Fermoy to his successor, Lism. L. 3272 . sé screpaill dergóir cacha sróna do thabairt do righ an domhain, O'Curry 1432 ( H 3.18, 641b ) = O'Curry 636 ( H 3.18 306 ). screpul cach shróna, LL 111b38 ( RC xiv 430 § 56 ). fiacha Bh. . . . | uinge d'ór ar gach aontsróin | dó, nó an ts.¤ do bhuain da bun, L. Cl. A. B. 97.94 . ungi dargut findruni cacha srona, Cog. 50.11 . unga cacha sróna, Leb. Cert. 228.13 .

(d) Extended meanings: cuirid a sróna faoi snouts (of tortoises), TSh. 3906 . a taóebaib ┐ a srónaib na long the prows of the ships, TTr.² 903 . tar srónaib sengrothai `by headlands of old curds', MacCongl. 85.21 . s.¤ re sruthfhairrge `nose to the main' (of Carraig Alastair), BS 96.12 .

In n.pr.: Sitriug na srona Mac-an-Mhaighistir, AU ii 538.9 .

Compds. ¤bennach: s. gl. r(h)inocerus, Sg. 95b6 . Thes. ii 231.19 . ¤fhairsing broad-muzzled: a gingobaiph . . . na serrach . . . sroniairsing, CCath. 4958 . ? ¤fhíaclach: Ferghus Folcthech .i. Fergus mantach. Nó srónfiaclach robói, Cóir Anm. 161 v.l. (srénfhíaclach, text). ¤lann nose-plate (of a helmet): corrc[h]athbharr . . . cona sronlainn . . . iarnaidhe, CCath. 5263 . 4698 . sronlainn .i. cumhdach sróna, O'Cl. ¤mael blunt-nosed (in n.pr.): in Gilla Sronmael Húa Ruaircc, RC xviii 33.6 . ¤ogam: sronogam .i. mera na lam imon sroin, Auraic. 5786 . ¤olcach: méirleach . . . s. `snarling', Timth. 1916, 38 § 22 .

sruth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sruth or dil.ie/38857
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: srothann

n u m. (? orig. n. Cf. s.¤ n-imbath, Ériu xl 18 § 23 . s.¤ n-ard n-Eofraite, BB 7a4 , s.¤ n-Iordanen, PH 6381 , but see also Études Celt. xii 548 n. 1 . ZCP viii 106.14 ). m., IGT Decl. § 72 . In later lang. g pl. also srothann. Also struth, Bald's Leechbook 20a .

(a) stream, river, current, torrent : s.¤ .i. srūaim etha .i. imat ēisc inte, Corm. Y 1179 . s.¤ gl. flumen, Ir. Gl. 999 . dint s.¤ buadarthu gl. de turbulento riuo, Ml. 2b3 . sech cach s.¤ , 93b10 . ind rodéne int srotho gl. torrentum, 93b11 . fo bés srotha luaith, Wb. 32c16 . luath-foibirt cacha srotha, Laws v 482.24 . dolotar in aithchi sin co alali sruth, Irish Texts i 13.z . srotha téith millsi tar tír, Ériu xii 180.27 . tosoifet fria sruthu sruth-linne `stream-pools will turn against streams', RC xxvi 48 § 256 . con tescfad finna i n-agid srotha, TBC-LL¹ 2578 . ra s.¤ ra indiltea (the gae bulga), 3873 . do nige a chneda . . . i n-agthib na srotha sain ┐ na ṅ-aband, 4210 . srotha gainmhidhe guirt Floinn, L. Cl. A. B. 144.159 . do sguirfeadh s.¤ locha láin would stop the current of a full lake (of God), Dán Dé xxvii 28 . siansan . . . na sruthann, Stair Erc. 785 . do glaisibh ┐ mhion-shrothaib, AFM ii 888.18 . s.¤ ag tuilíugadh, Proverbs xviii 4 . In cheville: s.¤ na sreith, SR 7047 . Prov. suidhe fan s.¤ `a sitting 'neath the cataract' (a dangerous undertaking), Dán Dé xxix 19 .

(b) pn Of specific rivers: di anmmaim ind shrotho gl. Anienus, Sg. 35b7 . ocond shruth sin gl. ab Histro, 194a1 . s.¤ Ligir, Lat. Lives 92.11 . River Tigris : i s.¤ Tigir, MacCarthy 64.5 . lar srotha iordanein the Jordan, Tur. 65 . i ndíthrub srotha Íordanén, PH 4731 . co s.¤ Ordanén, Études Celt. i 85.7 . Hence: in Sruth the Jordan: oc tudecht on tS.¤ ┐ on Ierasolim, Ann. Conn. 1224.12 . U. . . . do ecc i n-oilithri ar sligid an tSrotha `on the journey to the Jordan', 1231.16 ( AFM iii 258.x ). Of Irish rivers: s.¤ Segsa súairc, Ériu iv 152 § 33 . torchar srotha Sligighe, TD 41.11 . fuarsh.¤ Finne, DDána 95.12 . See Hog. Onom.

(c) Of the sea current, stream, strait : log saethair, mad o srothaib, Laws iii 426.x .i. mad o srothaib in mara amuich do bera he, y Comm . tochur srotha saile sceo uisce `a thing cast up by a salt and fresh stream', iii 428.14 Comm . ? rí báiter for srothuib, i 204.21 Comm . tar s.¤ mara, RC xxiv 378.3 . i ndoimne na mara mur a mbī . . . coimrith na srothann where the currents meet, RSláinte 6215 . a n-aighthib tonn ┐ s.¤ , ML² 658 . tugadur sruthleim . . . tri srothaib na senfhairrgi, ZCP vi 51.17 . baí sidhe ┐ a longa ar s.¤ na h-innsi `on the sound near the island', AFM iii 278.5 . ar s.¤ na Maoile idir Eirinn ┐ Albain, Atlantis iv 122.13 .

(d) In idioms with prepp.: Drochet Atha do dhu re s.¤ `was carried away by the flood', ALC i 260.7 . gach ar thacraisse red ré | cuirfidsen go léir le s.¤ will dissipate, O'Gr. Cat. 590.30 . ná leig (?) uile sinn re s.¤ do not allow us all to be swept away, Dán Dé xxii 11 .

(e) With follg. gen.: co findsrothaib aircetail fair streams of poesy, O'Mulc. 600 . i srothaibh . . . briomstóin nó raibhe, TSh. 1981 . s.¤ .i. imad, ut est be sues s.¤ coctha for cula onset of battle (?), O'Dav. 1416 = bé sues srotha coctha for cúlu, 536 . croo dosnegat srotha, AU 779 cited Ó Máille, Lang. of Ann. Ulster 32 n. 2 , `streams of blood wash(?) them', 175 n. 6 . Cf. co mbātar na srotha din chrú forna doirsiu, Sc.M² 18 . a s.¤ der dar a gruadib, PD 398 . srotha . . . déar, TSh. 4026 . tobur na cetri s.¤: idon, s.¤ fína ┐ s.¤ olai ┐ s.¤ lemnachta ┐ s.¤ mela, MacCarthy 46.19 . d'éis séimhthechta a srothann bhfis streams of knowledge, L. Cl. A. B. 175.95 . mar s.¤ bhinn fhoghar n-orgáin, Keat. Poems 248 . co toltnadar (leg. tultadar) na tri srotha folae asind laim `three streams of blood flowed from her hand', Mon. Tall. 60 (149.20) . srotha fola, LU 2282 ( FA 33 ). fir srotha imgabala comfiach fri art acht cimid crodha do collaib diceandaighther .i. in fer ima mbí s.¤ fola im gabhla a glac, O'D. 769 ( H 3.17, 551 ). Cf. Irish Texts iv 16 § 11 . turn ar Mhoire a mhóid | croidhe na gcóig s.¤ `allay for Mary's sake the rage of the hearts of the five streams', PBocht 5.24 . s.¤ ionnalta na n-anam, 15.14 . s.¤ fola in tota Ibernia `a flux of blood', RC xvii 262.18 (Tig.). do chuirfeadh fearg air Dhia, ┐ do choisgfeadh s.¤ a ghrás, Donlevy 472.y . co srothaib nemi, IT i 191.14 . s.¤ robharta flood-stream (fig. of a chief), Irish Texts ii 10 § 33 . ré bruach bhar srotha seanma, Studies 1919, 612 § 5 . tuile . . . tromgradha ┐ s.¤ seirce, ZCP i 124.32 . gach s.¤ sleibhe mountain stream, Irish Texts ii 71.21 . s.¤ sulbaire ind labartha `a stream of eloquence of speaking', Ml. 89d3 . srotha tened, PH 7235 . Cf. s.¤ tentide co forlasair fair, LU 2092 ( FA 16 ).

(f) Literary applications: foglaim na dechmaide bliadna . . . cethri srotha déc types of composition, IT iii 54 § 99 , cf. § 101 . See p. 110 , 118 , and ZCP vi 4 . ceithri srotha déc inso sís .i. féle ┐ inracus, comgne ┐ genelach, immas ┐ dichetal . . ., IT iii 57.z . s.¤ di aill a poetic grade (subdivision of sóerbard): citn-e a nanmand na soerbard? . . . rigbard ┐ anruth bairdne ┐ s.¤ di aill . . ., IT iii 5.9 . see 107.x . s.¤ d'aill . . . is cassbairdni a ruidhles, 23.11 . Name of a metre in: cro cumaisc etir carn-randaigecht moir ┐ s.¤ dí aill, 81.19 . gne naill do eochraid .i. s.¤ de haill, 57.23 . Note also: sé na rómh-oide is na sh.¤ | córaide gan é d'ionnlach (of a poet), Content. xxii 14 . See also sruthbard under compds.

Compds.

(a) With nouns. ¤aba: sruth-aibne siltecha, MR 240.15 . ¤aicén streaming ocean : co fada síar isin sruthaigén, Acall. 6067 v.l. ¤aile a fence built across a stream (?): s. (sic leg.) `a stream-fence', Laws v 270.14 .i. donither isin s. .i. scara s., 24 Comm . ¤buinne torrent: lé sruthbhuinne . . . na haithrighe, TSh. 4109 . ¤fhairrge: srón re s. `nose to the main' (of Carraig Alastair), BS 96.12 . ¤léccad (léiciud), ¤léicen lit. a letting loose, releasing, usually of warriors, soldiers, etc., foray, sortie, attack, attacking band: in tan atconnairc in sruthleccad sloigh . . . dar let[h]bord in longpuirt `streaming-down', CCath. 5431 . sruit[h]leccadh da saigdeoraib, 5707 . go ro dhoirt sruithlégen slóigh . . . ar fud an bhaile `very numerous hosts', AFM v 1598.22 . sruithlégadh saighdiuiridhe `a body of infantry', vi 2034.24 . Cf. daronsad sruthlecud da n-eachaib ┐ comliṅg da coisidib `free course', TTebe 1811 . Of a shower of missiles: sruthlega dá saigdib `storms of darts', Caithr. Thoirdh. 52.4 . ¤léim swift jump : sruithléim sanntach . . . sár-loinge ré siosga na sianghaoithe, CRR² 104.6 . tugadur sruthleim . . . tri srothaib na senfhairrgi `a swift course', ZCP vi 51.16 . ¤linn eddying pool, pool in a stream, river stream. Of the Flood: ri tharlaic sruthlind snamaig | do dilgenn clainni Adaim, SR 2513 . dar sruthlind Mági, MU² 267 . ra-imrá dar na sruthlintib srubglassa (of the sea), LL 228a21 ( TTr. 808 ). sruith-lind sin cen bás co bráth | snás dar Lifi, Metr. Dinds. ii 68.29 . triall tar sruthlinn dúni ndán across the sea (?), DDána 93.39 . a sruthlinntibh . . . cró, Comp. CC 96.17 . ¤maidm rout: sraintear sruthmhaidhm dia mhuintir ina chenn, AFM iii 130.10 . ro bris díbh . . . sruth-maidhm . . . dochum srotha ro buí ara n-incaibh, Stair Erc. 615 . romuid s. siublach . . . forro, ZCP xiii 238.14 . ¤robarta flood, tide : tar sruth-rabhartaibh . . . na fuar-fhairrge, ML 46.y . ¤shlicht: sruth sleacht .i. lorg na srothann, O'Cl.

(b) With adjj. ¤ard high-streaming : tar shléibhtibh sruth-árda . . . na sál, ML 46.29 . ¤bán fair-streamed: a bhreac Seinline sruthbháin, L. Cl. A. B. 151.32 . ¤borb torrential: Eass . . . s. . . . Ruaidh, MR 104.14 . lēibenda . . . sruth-borba, ML² 662 . ¤glan limpid: guss in sreibh sruth-glain, MR 104.9 . ¤glas grey-streamed: srotha . . . sruthglasa ifirnd, TTebe 1659 . ¤glinn: tar srúaim setalbalc s. `clear streaming', Metr. Dinds. ii 30.64 . ¤lúaimnech torrential: sidhe saidemail sārlúath s., Fianaig. 88.24 . srotha . . . sruthluaimnecha, Stair Erc. 778 . tucsud sraccudh sanntach, . . . sruthluaimnech isin senfhairrgi `pulled a . . . swift-bounding stroke', ZCP vi 28.35 . ¤shaeb eddying: dar sál fairge sruth-sóeba, Metr. Dinds. ii 28.22 .

(c) With adjj. derived from nouns. ¤fhuiltech bleeding profusely : fuinneóga . . . sruth-fhuilteacha (of wounds), ML 88.4 . ¤lúthmar vigorous, swift : céd each srian-breac s., Ériu viii 139.16 . ¤maerda having stately streams: clár sroth-mhaordha na sreabh nglan, TD 27.13 . ¤mheirgech eroded, gullied (?): ar an dtulán sruithmheirgeach sléibhe so, DDána 111.24 (383.36) (sithmheirgeach, v.l.).

1 tennta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tennta or dil.ie/40514

Forms: ten(n)tu, teinti, tendtaig

n Perh. io, m. in Mid. Ir., cf. a p. ten(n)tu, Metr. Dinds. iii 408.14 (: rempu). iv 70.26 (: chentu). But f. in: ar tosach na t.¤ , BNnÉ 220.13 . hi tteannta mhóir, AFM v 1626.5 . vi 2250.z . Also in IGT Decl. § 7 (with dental inflexion). part. of 1 tendaid as subst. Used in sg. and pl. without corresponding change in meaning, except in meaning II, where forms are prob. pl. only. All forms are identical with the pl. of tendad, which may be the original word in some cases (cf. TSh. s.v. teannadh). ? teinti, TTebe 853 . ? a d s. tendtaig, YBL 159a48 . 168b44 (reading doubtful).

I

(a) strait, difficulty, unfavourable position, (losing) battle: cach aen guidhfes Colmān fri tendta dogēba cobair, BColm. 94.14 . tuc tenntu don tur-sa, Metr. Dinds. iii 408.14 . ba triallach fri tentu `to face danger,' iv 70.26 . corostairsed fri tendta fri tarrachtain na macraide forro that he might corner them and avenge the young men on them (?), LU 6506 = TBC-I¹ 1992 = co tórsed re tenta fritharggain na maccraide forro `mit Sicherheit,' TBC-LL¹ 2648 . Cf. conna ruact nectur de tenta for araili, BB 432b3 . Ioseph tuir fri tentaib, Gorm. March 19 . o't condairc C. in tendta mor sin ar á muintir, CCath. 2316 . t.¤ catha, ZCP xiv 243.9 . fian Toraighe i dteannta Gall, DDána 96.3 . Ulltaigh súd téid san tenntaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 284 . an bioth cé 's an corp | is ar gcealgthóir síor | bocht ar dteannta ón dtriur, Aithd. D. 52.14 . isin deidhendáil th.¤ i tecomnaccair a mbiodhbhadha aca, AFM vi 2280.17 . co ná samhladh óg na sen | dib gémadh t.¤ teiched `though pressed,' MR 176.14 . in uair ba teanta dosom o lucht eicsi ... ag iarraidh a n-athchuinge fair, Oss. v 44.2 . mad t.¤ bunaid damsa if I am at a hopeless disadvantage (?), Celt. Rev. iv 10.20 . ? Cf. calma a traig tren a teannta `mighty their prowess,' Ériu xii 192.18 .

(b) support: sgríobhadh an leabhair so ... ar dhroichghléas gan teannta búird ná binnse, O'Gr. Cat. 34.1.

(c) In phrases. a, fri tenntaib talman out of, to solid earth: carraig ... a roibi feidm seisrigi ... do tharraing a tendtaib talman to pull it out of earth's grip, TTebe 94 2. ro gluaiseth-si ... na clacha comthenda a tendtaib talman (of a serpent), 2070 . dair ... a barr ┐ a gega do toitim ri tenntaibh taluan, 3698 . gurob tenna, troma ... tuinide bar tren-fear re tenntaib trom-thalman, MR 126.5 . Cf. cid airm ┐ ilfaebur ┐ teinti an talman, ní dad t'aincfed co rabais marbtha, TTebe 853 . i t.¤ (fri) pressing against, hard by: druidfead í a dteandtaidh mo tháoibh, IGT Decl. ex. 2111 . do leathnuigh baitheas an leinbh i dteannta na leice ` by the pressure of ,' Keat. ii 4270 . an teannta re tráigh `near the shore,' Rel. Celt. ii 202.17 .

II bonds, sureties (? in pl. only, perh. from tendad) : tabraid curu ┐ tenta ┐ trebairi dam-sa, CRR 16.13 . tabartar t.¤ ┐ trebaireda dam-sa, BB 238a40 . créd bus cuir ┐ bus t.¤ damsa ... im a chomall sin?, Acall. 1705 . fuaradar t.¤ oa trenláimh, ZCP viii 542.32 . cuir ┐ teannta ┐ treabhaire [do ghabháil] ar gach taobh, DDána 111.24 . teannta do thabhairt uatha ré haiseag iomlán do thabhairt, TSh. 5128.

tibid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tibid or dil.ie/40693

Forms: tib

v ī (sometimes also ĭ-stem: fristib , Bruchst. i 67 § 154 ).

I t.¤ (fri) touches, breaks against: conacca carraig mbic frissi tibedh an tonn, RC x 88.2 . ro thib tond tairis, CRR 34.21 . doroicdis na tonna a dochum cu tibhtis uimme; no thibheadh som frisna tonnuibh ┐ dobereadh a bhais fria huan na tonn, Lism. L. 2171 . Cuan Cruithne ris tib grian, Ériu xi 197.12 . Drobáis ristiben sál, LL 8b42 . no stuag-lubadh . . . in claidem sin . . . co tibead a inn re a urdurnd, CCath. 5251.

II Through the phrase t.¤ gen develops the meaning laughs, smiles . See Vendryes, Études Celt. iii 42 ff.

(a) t.¤ gen, gáire laughs, smiles; with fri, re smiles at: t.¤ gen fris, LU 3287 . is mairg frisi tibi gen, 2977 . cia rothibe findgāire, ZCP vi 267 § 6 . dremhan an caisgen tibhes, Fianaig. 16.12 . tibidsi gen gáire friu, BDD² 75 . foglass a ngen (sic leg. MS. ngein) tibes duit, Hail Brigit § 15 . ni ro thib gen ngairi, IT i 77.6 .

(b) laughs; t.¤ im laughs at; t.¤ fri (re) smiles at, rejoices at: t.¤ cechtar de fria chéla, LU 5408 . sech ní lungu ní thibiu, IT i 79.52 . t.¤ dano in rí fochétoir, LL 282b22 . tibis in flaith re freagarthaib . . . in tuaiscertaigh, MR 158.7 . ro thib imma athair `laughed at,' Todd Nenn. 36 n. rotibset im sodain, Ériu v 28.18 . gon tibsid im sodain na Fomore, RC xii 86 § 92 . ro thib índ flaith . . . fri hAilill rejoiced at, Rawl. 84b13 . tibis m'[fh]eoil is m'irrlabra | red berla suairc solusta `were gladdened at,' Ériu viii 20.34 .