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athaig, athach, athad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athaig, athach, athad or dil.ie/4619

 

Forms: othaigh, athaigh, othach, athach, othadh, athadh, buic

n Form and infl. vary. othaigh athaigh f., IGT Decl. § 13 . othach athach m., § 55 . othadh athadh m., § 11 .

Interval, space, usu. of time, and as a rule in adv. phrases. Distinct from 1 adaig and 2 adaig, Thurn. ZCP xx 358 ff. nir gerr in athuig, Fen. 124.22 . ? ni ar talmain ar nathaidh ni = uiae nostrae non sunt super terram, Laud 610, 8c (Plummer MS notes). ferr ind athaich cen ḟogail / flaith C[h]athail meic Conchobuir `better the time without spoil', ZCP ix 466 § 27 . Dubinrecht mac Cathail C[h]ind / rogab athaich iar n-Ailill `for a while', 464 § 18 . athaidh oile at other times, Dán Dé xii 11 . a hathair i n-ucht Mhuire / athaidh i gcurp cholluidhe, DDána 9.4 . aithidh éigin for a while, Aithd. D. 13.15 . athaidh d'aimsir, Content. v 106 . taet lemm athaig biuc (buic MS), BColm. 16.z . cu n-imthig athach leo he went for a while with them, MU² 672 . codail athach becc, Aen. 1229 . c íís T. . . . athach (: chathach), Metr. Dinds. ii 74.33 . do bhí an Táilgeann ann athach, IGT Decl. ex. 1421 . athadh dár ndéanaimhne dhó he spent a time like us, PBocht 25.24 . is buain áil lachan do linn / athadh ó íbh Táil téigim, IGT Decl. ex. 351 . athadh imchían for a long time, AFM iii 562.18 . iar mbeith athuigh imchian a nualghubha dhó, Desid. 6128 . iar m-beith atha fhada amuith, IT ii2 142.508 . co cenn athaidh do ló iar sin, AFM vi 2072.25 . tig chugainn i gcionn athaigh after a while, TD 8.12 . air nataig aimsiri, BB 238b37 . fri hathaidh m-bic, MR 34.20 . fria hathadh for a while, Oss. v 88.1 . re had ┐ re hathaig, TTebe 2871 . re hothaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 616 . re hethadh fada imchéin d'aimsir for a very long period of time, Ériu v 84.10 . lé hathaidh imchein, AFM vi 1886.17 . athach .i. tamall, O'Cl.

Of space: oclach a cuibrech athach uad a short distance from it, Aen. 426 ( ZCP ii 438.1 ). tar lic T. . . . athach nár bh'fota `a little distance past L. T.,' SG 63.9 .

athbuille

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athbuille or dil.ie/4683

 

n (buille) counter-blow: ár natheruch athgon ┐ athbulli, LL 226a24 ( TTr. 658 ). ni tabrad nech ann in n-athbuilliu d'araili i.e. there was no need to give a second blow, CCath. 2831 . tug Tomás an t-athbhuille chum Cathail , PCT 557 .

bachall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bachall or dil.ie/5092
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bachla(e), baichle

n ā, f. (Lat. baculum) g s. bachla(e), baichle. b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 192.6 .

(a) staff, crozier, pastoral staff: bachal quasi bachul .i. a bacula, Corm. Y 112. clocc ┐ menstir ┐ b.¤ , Thes. ii 241.17 (Ardm.). sénais Brigit lia bachaill, 341.4 (Hy. v). taibrith mo bachail immon fot so, Vita Br. 17. co tarát bachaill nÍsu dó (name of Patrick's crozier), Trip.² 282. ermted na bachlai, 2297 (see airmtiud). in tImblech/ro sáer Ailbe dia bachail (: Cathail), Ann. Inisf. A.D. 742 . comadh eadh ba meirge dhóibh . . . b.¤ Cholaim Cille, TFrag. 230.5 . cor'benadh an Bernan Ciaraín fair co lois na Bachla Issa (a sign of excommunication), RC xvii 383.12 (Tig.). ro ghellsat a eascaine . . . ┐ a cluic ┐ a mbachla do bein fair, MR 38.14 . Cf. AFM iii 268.4 . iar tabairt mind Muman ┐ clocc ┐ b.¤ da cheli doib after swearing by . . . a crozier, Ann. Conn. 1277.2 . damna trostáin ┐ damna bhaichle, SG 38.12 . clérech a bhachla the clerk who carried his staff, Lism. L. 3131.

? g p. na daoine luigheas lámha nó uailse (= uaisle) . . . riogh nó tighearna atáid ag denamh bhachlagh mbrégach dibh (= are making them a false support), Carswell 219.20 . ? In npr.: a Mail Bachal `thou servant of the rods', Thes. ii 290.14 (Sg. Poems iii). `croziers (?)´ CSANA 3-4 iii-iv 287 .

In phr. (gaibid) bachail(l) takes holy orders; goes on a pilgrimage: D. do bachaill D. is taking orders, Trip.² 2227 (glossed: .i. do berrad, ACL iii 26 § 67 ). b.¤ Beicce B. assumed the pilgrim's staff, AU i 154.z (A.D. 707) = Becc . . . do gabháil bachlae, AFM i 306.10 . b.¤ A. . . . peregrinatio eius , AU i 256.1 (A.D. 782). rind reimiteit b.¤ (i.e. a king precedes a cleric), Laws v 12.y Comm. i corraib b.¤ .i. i n-aes graid, RC xxvi 40 § 216 ( LL 24785 ). dia rogba(i) ind ḟlaith bachaill, Críth G. 574. imbad cách dia eclais dúthaig do gabáil bachla ba nabad i n-oenchathair `whether each should go to his local church to take the staff or … in one place´ Celtica xviii 40 § 1 . bedg a n-ailithre, . . . gabail bachla, Laws v 296.17 . tarrngaire bachla a promise to go on a pilgrimage, O'Curry 2597 ( Eg. 88, 50b ). Cf. .xxuii. ríg rofollnaisetar fo bachaill hi Caisiul co ré Cinn Gécán (i.e. were both kings and clerics), Trip.² 2308.

(b) hurley-stick: cet mac . . . oc ain liathroidi. . . . Geibid . . . Moronoc a mbachla, Ériu v 28.8 .

(c) In later lang. curl or tress of hair: Muire . . . na mb.¤ bhfionn, DDána 31.28 . a ghéag óg na mb.¤ mbán, Hard. i 16.4 . So in compds. an barr bachalldacht `thick-clustering', Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 1 . folt . . . bachaillfhiar, DDána 66.13 . a chúl bachullag, Aithd. D. 41.25 .

1 caithid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caithid or dil.ie/7996

 

Forms: -chaithi, -caithe, -caith, caitheóchat, caithem, caitte, caithte

v 3 s. conj. -chaithi, Wb. 6c11 . -caithe, Mon. Tall. 145.20 . -caith, 146.9 . Cf. do-caithi. fut. 1 s. caitheóchat, De Contemptu 2718 .

(a) consumes, spends, uses . Of food and drink: dund óis nad chaithi cach tuari, Wb. 6c11 . mani chaithea. . . feoil ┐ saill, Mon. Tall. 51 . nochaithed ceathroimthi na bairgine, Anecd. i 7.26 ( SCano 225 ). ni caithfiter ni de `naught thereof shall be consumed', Fél. 54.30 . rī Cothail caithis proind, Ériu xviii 62 § 17 . co caithinn i n-ōen-adaig mo sháith, MacCongl. 25.y . uair bhar n-airighidh ro-caithsib, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 43.3 . da g[c]aithit in biad, Laws ii 34.21 Comm. acht nar caithid imarcraid (of cattle), iii 262.18 Comm. ro-chaithed praind, CRR 34.1 . roráidset nád caithfitis feis Temra, Ériu iv 126.3 . nochar chaith saith no séire, ZCP i 62.x . dia cathed nech . . . cid dig n-usci n-and, iii 206.8 . meinic do chaithsead a gcuid / do láimh abadh, Studies 1924, 241 § 3 . ad-chaith blod dib, E 3.29, 40 rb 42 . cor chaith corp Crist, Cog. 196.18 . rochaith comaind ┐ sacarbaigg do láim epscuip Erc. Ériu iv 160.22 . caith fo thrī'sa bliadain corp, ZCP vi 272 § 15 . ?Cf. corp De rocaithed dar ndīn (of consecrated wafer), vii 304 § 11 . Of clothing wears : cét rí ro chaith cetchorcair, LL 17782 . in t-etach ro caithedh ris, Laws i 218.23 Comm.

Of wealth, property etc., spends, enjoys: céin cor chaithsetar a feib, LU 2829 . na cathid uar seoid, TTebe 2236 . ni tú chaithfes iet (of kine), TBC St. 3638 . ri rochaitetur tuatha ┐ ecolsa . . . somaine `whose wealth was partaken of by . . .', Ann. Conn. 1224.2 . mas re hindliged . . . ro caithed iad (of church offerings), Laws v 122.22 Comm. a ghrás ní chaithfe `exhaust', Aithd. D. 96.21 . a lucht caithes in conāch, ACL iii 239 § 24 ( Aithd. D. 80 ).

Of time, span of life etc.: goro cathestar Moysi trian a æísi i clemnus in sacairt, Celtica iv 5.3 . ré buan ro-chaith in treb the, LB 124a39 . roschathetar na hosadha, LL 407b29 ( TTr. 2173 ). ro chathis do re, YBL 140a26 . reimis tri rig do rigaib Erind do chaith he reigned as long as, Lec. 188va34 . gur chaitheas urmhór m'aoise, Dán Dé xi 7 . an corp gur chaith a óige, xxi 8 . fearg ag Chríosd re cloinn Eabha / gur chaithsead cúig aimseara, xvii 28 . do chaith a ré, Rel. Celt. ii 218.27 . annsa mí sin do caith tu last month, O'Gr. Cat. 297.6 . Of enjoyment of office: ro chaithedar a com-f[h]laithes ar in c[h]ōrugad sin, ML² 1014 . is amlaid caithes C. a rige, TBC St. 766 . Of royal circuit: iss amlaid no caithed rí Temrach Erinn .i. a Temraig i lLaignib used to traverse, SG 80.y . ?Cf. tuath cach thire caithfed de `should be his', MR 132.11 .

With other objects: ar nā caite lés occae `that light might not be spent therein', Thes. ii 319.5 ( Hy. ii 55 ). mór n-amsach cóem roscathi `it spent the strength of many a . . . hireling', Metr. Dinds. iii 148.2 . comram dia chomramaib / Cerbaill rodoscaith `who achieved them', RC xxix 212 § 10 . éc roscaithi, LL 15812 . da chaith gach comhland gu ceill waged battles, Ériu x 87 § 97 . co ro caithe a lan-saire till he have exhausted his full privilege, Laws i 200.1 Comm. caithidh bur ccurpa do chosnamh bar nanma, bar nuaisli, ┐ bar nathardha, ZCP xiv 229.6 . ros-caith imghluaisecht mara . . . hi (an island), i 414.9 . ó chaithesdair an ghaeth a goil when the wind had spent its valour, ML 48.21 . do chaith cérd a chomhachta re dénamh an deighchríosa `exercised his best skill', Rel. Celt. ii 262.7 . caithid . . . / ar ḟeadh n-aonlaithe mh'anáir `exhaust their entertainment of me in one day', TD 15.12 . caithidh umhlacht, DDána 58.28 . caiter an féarsa-sa let this verse be used, O'Gr. Cat. 287.13 . déine aithrighe i n-am chóir / ós ann caithfidhe an cuspóir `achieve thy end', A. Ó Dálaigh xli 7 . Of lord consuming his food-rents etc.: cib ead caithes do biud, Laws v 520.10 Comm. cīos is cāin Ērenn re hedh / i ttír Conaill co caithfedh that for a time he might spend the tributes and taxes of Ireland in Tirconaill, ZCP viii 108.21 . Of territory dwells in, enjoys: ro catsetar crich Candan o chein lived in, BB 238b25 . mas e an ferann ro fagaib se, caithid an fine an ferann, O'Curry 2293 ( Eg. 88, 22(23)a ). caithid . . . / an chaithir do cheannchubhair, DDána 29.28 . ?Cf. ó chaitheadar tar fairrge go cian an táin (of the Irish chiefs who fled to Spain), Hackett² xlvii 11 .

(b) In phr. c.¤ x fri y treats y with x; spends, uses x against y: a c[h]uirp, notc[h]aith fri crābud `apply thyself to', ZCP vi 264 § 1 . ionnmhas Néill chaitheas re clú, Magauran 2035 . ní chaitheadh sé acht réidhe rinn, 4239 . red chosg níor chaitheamar dlús `I was not in earnest in chastising thee' (to body), Dán Dé xix 10 . Mac Muire dá gcaithe an chóir / re gach nduine, xxiii 39 . foirm do chunnraidh . . . / . . . caith rú `keep to the letter of the contract with them', Aithd. D. 31.19 . gul . . . / ná caith re breith chomhthruim Críosd, DDána 26.28 . caith rer ndaingin-dín duthracht `be jealous in my strong guarding', A. Ó Dálaigh xix 3 . bíodh go gcaithfidhe leighis . . . ris, Rial. S.F. 164 . With prep. AR: do chaith sé fhíoch ar t'aghaidh he spent his fury fighting you, Aithd. D. 8.42 . caith oram, a urla fhiar fix your choice on me, Dánta Gr. 11.33 .

(c) casts, hurls, throws (missile): ró chaith Cc. an gá bulga, TBC-LL¹ p. 565 n. an tonn do chaith Ó Cathail / rim `the wave which Cathal's descendant cast against me', Ériu iv 220.21 . gur chaith orchar ós íseal, Aithd. D. 23.32 . bogha as a gcaithtear croinn, Arch. Hib. i 86 § xii . do chaith an luáithred, 2 Kings xxiii 6 . Note also: caitheas O. léim, Oss. vi 98.17 . With prep. FRI, FOR, LA: do chaithedar . . . ilmilti do liagaibh . . . re hE., Stair Erc. 1549 . gur chaithis sleig form, Sc.M² 11 R.

(d) In pass. with ro is required, needed (lit. can be used?): rochatir . . . / óic is airm don immargail `gebraucht werden', TBC-LL¹ 512 = recaigter, TBC St. 421 . rocaiter a deg[fh]rithailem `he must be well served', MacCongl. 87.5 . ? a mian don cholainn caithtir the body must needs be gratified, Dán Dé vii 19 . Note also: gíd úathad lín in chaire / dochaitter menma aire it must be taken seriously, TBC-LL¹ 2358 . Later in somewhat difft. idiom (act. as well as pass.) in fut. and sec. fut. only is obliged, must : caithfead mo c[h]uid do c[h]aitheam[h] . . . an c[h]aitheachtain a p[h]earsa; l. denmhas neith aige acht ar da fhaistine, Bard. Synt. Tr. 44 . With follg. Vn. phrase or equivalent: adubairt . . . co caithfidis dul leis, ZCP vi 51.12 . go gcaithfedh dul, IT ii2 150.738 . caithfid a n-aisec ina shaegul, PH 7615 . fían Shaxan do ṡeachna . . . caithfead, Ériu ix 167 § 37 . go gcaithfidhe a rinn reimpi / maithmhighe ar gcinn choimirce, DDána 11.36 `the indulgence of my Protector must stretch forward to its utmost', Ir. Monthly 1930, 517 . caithfir in tír . . . d'faghbail, ZCP vi 80.21 . do caithfidhe . . . / bláth ar maithmhighe M., DDána 11.9 . túr an tighe / . . . do caithfidhe `that home should be striven for', Aithd. D. 89.40 . do chaithfeá-sa an tslighe-si uile do ghabháil, Desid. 604 . go gcaithfediss foighite do bheith aca, Fl. Earls 22.13 .

With difft. kind of object must have : do chaithfinn dom fheitheamh air / . . . lagthomhas meidhe Míchíl `I require . . . to have', PBocht 15.15 . caithfidh tú síth nach sáoile / do dhíth dáine a crú (gc.¤, ch.¤, v.ll.) an chíghe, IGT Decl. ex. 1267 . caithfed fesd aignedh airech / a mesg chaidrebh comhoidhech, ex. 831 . do chaithfinn m'aithne d'Íosa `I must have some warrant(?) for Him', Dán Dé i 2 .

(e) Of grinding weapons: Maine fer neimnech isé rodasinnsmasdair ┐ romheil (.i. rocaith no rolimadh), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 16.i .

Vn. caithem. Part. caitte. Vbl. of necess. caithte, DDána 21A.24 .

clé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clé or dil.ie/9397
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: clí, clé, clii, clí, clé, clí, chlīu, chlí, cléa, cléi

adj io, iā. lámh chlé . . . (lámh chlí lochtach), IGT Decl. § 139 . n s. f. lám chlíí, PH 5950 . a s f. clí, 523 . g s m. in chatha clé , LL 364 . g s f. a lama clii , Laws v 80.3 Comm. do riged clí , TBC-LL¹ 46 . na righedh clé , Stair Erc. 352 . láime clí , IGT Decl. ex. 1933 . d s m. for clār chlīu , Corp. Gen. 281.12 . d s f. for laim chlí , Thes. ii 13.31 ( BCr. 19c3 ). n pl. a llamha cléa , CCath. 6140 . d pl. ina lámaib cléi , TFerbe 237 . See GOI p. 61 .

I

(a) left : cle gl. sinister , Ir. Gl. 387 . clē a clypeo (, clepio MS.), Corm. Y 225 . clae a clepio , O'Mulc. 215 . maraid slicht inna bachla in a leith clíu, Lat. Lives 52.8 . cepp ina láim chlí . . . bíail ina láim deis, LU 9190 ( FB 91 ). dofil in carpat . . . ┐ dorala clār clē frind (an insult or challenge), TBC-I¹ 1192 ( LU 5668 ). tossoísom iarom clár c.¤ a carpait fri hEmain, LU 5194 (TBC). ardaslig tar fonnad c.¤ / cotagoin in ríastarthe, 4574 (TBC). tuc-sam a glun c.¤ rissin carpat, Acall. 6940 . colg dét iarna chossliasait chlí, TBC-LL¹ 5288 . tuc a ulli ch.¤ fáe i Taltin (implication not clear), 4641 . tonindnaig ind ammait leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí (to bring misfortune upon him), LL 13890 . dul ar an dtaoibh gc.¤ `to be condemned on the Day of Judgment', Dánfhocail 48 . docomhlat as . . . laimh clí frisan loch, Hugh Roe² 64.9 ( láimh clé, 60.29 ). beannacht na láimhe clí do M., TSh. 9909 (regarded as less efficacious than beannacht na láimhe deise, 9908 ). ar an láimh ndeis ná ar a' láimh cclí, Párl. na mB. 2041 .

(b) Fig. malign, inauspicious, ill-omened, sinister; bad, perverse: c.¤ .i. cláon, O'Cl. da ainm don chlaoine colaigh / `ciol' is `cle', Metr. Gl. 28 § 41 . a ḟlaith Cermna can ni c.¤ `without partiality', LL 23250 ( CRR 54 ). aided ind Ḟind chétna ch.¤ / la Sétna perverse(?), LL 14931 . luid uadib cen chísal c.¤ / co tísad afrithise `without wrongful offence(?)', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.39 . robo c.¤ mana in marc-ṡluag `that array of steeds was an evil omen', iv 128.68 . Hence: c.¤ .i. olc. c.¤ mhana .i. olc, urchóid no adgall, O'Cl. (who seems to regard it as a compd but mana: braga). Cf. cle is mana fort a Chithruadh, BLism. 1731b17 . beith 'ga cāi robad clē dam, / ō do bī toil Dē 'na dul I should do wrong to mourn him, ZCP vii 303 § 6 . cathugud ceilgi as clē dūind / ┐ mē fa meirgi in Rīg, ACL iii 237 § 30 (`dangerous', Aithd. D. 62 ). iarsin curp cle-su `after this wayward body', Ériu xix 12 § 6 . do chath-cliu na Conallach, MR 188.8 . fa taom c.¤ anadh re hágh `a perilous act', Celtica ii 169 § 48 . acsin [saer]chlanna Dairi / ní comhairemh c.¤ no wrong estimation(?), Miscell. Celt. Soc. 32.9 . sén Dé duit is dúin-ne / ní c.¤ duit ar nduain-ne not inauspicious (inaugural ode to chief), Caithr. Thoirdh. 31.22 . don phubal is c.¤ do chosc / an té thugadh dá tegusc, IGT Decl. ex. 737 . gidh c.¤ an chúis laghaidh tho' the case for pardon is unfortunate, 20 . an chuideachta ch.¤ `evil com- panions', Aithd. D. 52.9 . gér thréan do ba taom c.¤ an ill-starred effort, 17.33 . an chraobh nachar ch.¤ mbreath `the straight-judging hero', 30 . go fail blodh dib co soirb imcubaid da dainib maithi ┐ blodh co doirb cle . . . da drochdainib inauspicious, Ir. Astr. Tr. 70.14 . modha claona an chreidimh ch.¤ , Keat. Poems 1266 . measuim gur c.¤ an ceart d'áoneach . . . , Párl. na mB. 3683 .

Freq. in chevilles: tuitset na cróeba, nár ch.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 148.7 . Tea, nar ch.¤ / ben Erimóin `never unjust', i 4.31 . Cf. Fen. 54.1 . seólsat curchán, créd nad c.¤ `of flawless metal', Metr. Dinds. ii 30.65 . nī clē, RC xxxvii 347 § 39 . clu nad ch.¤ , xx 44.5 (ACC Comm.). nochar chaingen c.¤ , Mart. Don. 162.11 . ní hiúl c.¤ `'tis no erroneous report', SGS iv 144 § 29 .

II As subst.

(a) left side, left hand : a c.¤ ra Berna M. . . . a ndes ri Slíab nÉ., MU² 262 . ro impa in t-ech a ch.¤ friss, LL 13814 . cf. 13818 . co tuc a c[h]. re Coill Ruaidh, ML² 2066 . na findad do ch.¤ a n-a díngne do deis, PH 6081 .

for (ar) clíu on the left side : claideb . . . bar a chlíu, TBC-LL¹ 2737 . beir mo scíath . . . / . . . / co rraib ar cliu Chormaic Cais, LL 18383 . craeba cailce for a clīu (of a shield), ZCP viii 227 § 1 . sciath mor . . . ar cli cach oen ḟir, Cog. 74.17 .

by the left side, to the left expressed by dat. without prec. prep.: nī rubai neach diib clīu do Āth Firdiad, TBC-I¹ 3429 ; but more frequently by do chlíu: atconnairc M. . . . foscud salach dorcha dia chlíí, Lat. Lives 93.9 . Medb . . . do chlí Ailella, LL 7871 (TBC). suidid airdrī Ailig / dia c[h]liu, ZCP viii 108.5 . Brigit form deis . . . / Colum do chlíu, LL 4817 . latrand dia deis .i. D. . . . ┐ latrand dia clíí .i. G., PH 3326 . dorat sé bualadh . . . forra dia dheis ┐ dia clí, Stair Erc. 475 . cláona as an slíghe dár ndeis nó dár cclí, Párl. na mB. 4061 . Somet. also by for clíu: forud a rig for deis ri[g] Carmun: forud ri[g] Hua Failge fora clíu, Dinds. 18 . leoghan fora dheis ┐ alaile fora clí, Stair Erc. 400 . Cf. also: do Ṡean-ghoill fein ar clé ag cruadh-ghol `on the left i.e. neglected', Keat. Poems 1383 .

(a 2) (the) north : túath in chlé 'the Northern tribe' Ériu xxiv 27 . Cf. 1 fochla.

(b) Fig. ill-luck : ort do ch.¤ ┐ do chol dúabhais (an imprecation), RC xxix 116 § 11 . 146 § 70 . Cf. 132 § 45 . fuair sé a dhódh ar c.¤ his trouble went for nothing(?), Measgra D. 8.27 .

Compds. With noun. siol gCárthaich nach ndeárnaidh clé-beart evil deed , Hard. ii 334.1 . ic tabairt a bossi deis[e] fria gin fodén, ┐ a chléboss fria gin Cathail left palm of the hand, MacCongl. 103.15 . ar cle-corpaib na curadh on the left sides, CCath. 5450 . a deiscin tar clegualainn [oc toidecht uaithi] (one of the gesa of Tailtiu), Dinds. 99 . don ḟir cuil dobo cléguin `an unjust wound', Ériu iv 112 § 2 . gabais a chúach na chleláim, LL 4573 . go bhfuil clélámh an chéle nemhdha fá bhar ccenn, RSClára f. 51a . ar folāiremh aingil na clēláimhe `the devil', Fl. Earls 50.15 . dīrgit a gcūrsa clēlāimh re Tīr C. on the right of, 8.y . clēlāmh re fairrgi, 108.10 . na cáde cen cléréim `evil course', Gorm. May 24 . Nov. 24 .

With adj. ? recoecha uile comtar tuath coecha (.i. láncacha no clécacha blind in the left eye), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.18 ; 'malign, inauspicious, ill-omened, sinister; bad perverse' CMCS xliii 9 .

4 corc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 corc or dil.ie/12442

 

x = corcra: a lassar chorcc di-a gnuis `purple light', PH 621 . robo c.¤ andara n-ai (rocorc andara n-ai, v.l.) ┐ araili a [m]broind a mathar, Anecd. i 19.1 . conloisc a hó. Is de ba c.¤ C. mac Luigthig, iii 57.17 . As pn sobriquet: Iugulatio Cathail Cuirc, AU i 182.7 . muimme Chonaill Chuirc, Anecd. iii 57.4 . As n. pr. m. C.¤ Duibni, LU 4363 . C.¤ mac Láre, Anecd. iii 57.9 .

cráes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cráes or dil.ie/12717

 

n o

(a) maw, mouth, gullet : c.¤ gl. gula, Ir. Gl. 92 . co ndechsad óen na rígthige inna cróes, LU 9104 ( FB 85 ). c[ros] C[ríst] tarsin craos[s]a, ZCP xii 387.4 . it chráes dachúatar dait, TBC-LL² 3710 . tatnit a cróes glomarchind, LU 8664 ( FB 49 ). an t-uball . . . / dochuaidh tar cumang mo chraois (said by Eve), Ériu iii 148 § 3 . luigi fir go nurslugad craois .i. in cainti, O'Curry 2597 ( Eg. 88, 50(51)d ). tar a cráesaib cogantacha `grinding jaws' (of boar), Fianaig. 66.6 . ba glomar a crais (craes, v.l.), TTebe 2064 . ili craosa / cuile fasa, ZCP viii 196.10 . Extended applications: tricha aigi ina chrōis (of a cauldron), Ériu ii 20 § 1 . craos an chuain the neck of the harbour, CF Eg. 299 . i crāes na hairechta into the midst of the assembly, ZCP xii 360.4 . hi crǽs curaich os tuind dulaigh in (the confines of) a boat, Anecd. i 63.2 . se hech a craesaib curach, BB 277a11 . fát chraos (of a tomb-stone), O'Rah. 68.y . Cf. a crāes in chorrbuilg, Fianaig. 50.14 .

(b) gluttony, excessive eating : minibed cróis nibíad étrad, Wb. 9d1 . ronort a cróis ┐ saint ` greed ', Imr. Brain 46 . o dhualaig in chráis, PH 4821 . seachain . . . / ar chraos . . . do dhéanamh, DDána 22.19 . cráos, fearg (in list of deadly sins), Parrth. Anma 3383 . craos na haoine (of eating meat), Ir. Gl. p. 156 .

Compds. With nouns: a craosbheol osluighthe (of monster), Maguires of F. 3 . i craescrislach in mara, CCath. 1445 . tancatar . . . amach on chroes-chró `stall', Todd Nenn. 56.9 . dar a chraes gin osluicthe, IT i 271.27 (FB Eg.). Criol mac Craoslíona, Anecd. ii 55.14 = lintaid, Rawl. B 512, 111b cited Plummer MS. notes. don crāes-lon bói i m-brága Cathail `demon . . . of gluttony', MacCongl. 103.5 . do chraoslongadh an chuirp to devour, BNnÉ 165.17 . a craosmhuscaetaibh cogúasta `yawning muskets', Hugh Roe² 228.21 . leis an ccráosól, Párl. na mB. 3215 . do-bheir craos-ruathar coitcheann fútha, TSh. 1164 . d'eagla a gcraos-shloigthe, 5690 . With adjj.: brain-eóin chraos-dearga, ML 130.18 . crécht cráosdomhuin ` gaping ', Ériu v 180.314 . tar an muir ccráosfhairsing, BS 100.6 . co carput chraeslethan chraesluath, LL 24861 . ilchoin . . . cróesmóra, LU 2418 . cona chreit chróestana chróestirim (a chariot), 6483 - 4 . cuirn chróes-tholla, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.234 . gristaig craestuib (dub) (of devil), SR 947 .

1 crech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 crech or dil.ie/12791
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: crich

n ā, f. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 168 . ? d s. crich, Ériu iii 137.48 (if not for crích). plunder, booty: plundering expedition : crecha maílduín / berttair iceín, IT iii 84 § 72 . cen chreich, cen gait, Airne F. 339 . aisic a chreiche ┐ a einich, Anecd. ii 73.2 . ? coirm c.¤ cruit (`cup'), Cóir Anm. 121 . mili dam . . . / nír íc creach `they were never the reward of raiders', Leb. Cert.² 175 . tusa an chreach . . . ┐ as misi an toir (Cú Chulainn to Fer Díad), ZCP x 285.32 . lucht na c.¤ plunderers , PH 7559 . Bert crechi (nickname) `Load-of-Plunder', RC xvii 381.25 (Tig.). macsamla na crichi se (sic), ZCP iii 23.29 . dogebhair admáil it creich you will gain recognition for your forced gift (i.e. to a church), BNnÉ 146.36 . crīch B. i n-a comar creach a mêlée of raids, ML² 1132 . ro la creich . . . uadh hí S. nA. threw out a skirmishing party, AFM ii 1126.4 . ro chuaid . . . ar creich innuib Findgenti, Cog. 102.10 . creacha an tíre do theichemh rempo `spoils', AFM v 1266.2 . c.¤ lá hUa Néill, ii 840.2 . leómhan ar a mbiadh inneall creiche = paratus ad praedam, TSh. 4157 . As vn.: níor bh'uamhan liom aon dom chreich, Ériu i 95.19 .

With follg. qual. wd.: géill na Cásg ní creacha ar shíodh `have not been captured without a fight', Aithd. D. 58.18 . ní do chreic[h] bó ná búailead (of hosting of death), Bard. P. 53. 12 . ? eneach in righ ni creach cluig / da dhil neach in gach Nodhlaigh (sic), IGT Metr. Faults§ 151 . c.¤ choblach lá hU. sea-raid , AFM ii 1182.14 . creach dhíghla, ALC i 250.21 . c.¤ folama, AU i 494.13 (see ? folama ). ar creich loingsi `on a plundering voyage', Stair Erc. 646 . c.¤ mhórmheabhla `treacherous depredation', ALC i 510.z . a c.¤ rig do denam do ar Uib Falgi `king's raid', Ann. Conn. 1265.8 . crecha urradhais .i. in creach i n-aigidh creichi, O'D. 2412 ( Rawl. B 506, 53a ). Of harrowing of Hell, see s.v. Cásc .

Predatory party : c.¤ marcach rempu, AU i 506.19 . omna .i. ria creich, no re coibdin, Laws iv 94.5 Comm. ? da fagbaidh . . . in c.¤ no in galar ní aige, Laws iii 368.15 Comm. gur lecadár creach mor imach, O'Gr. Cat. 7.21 . ár a creiche íme, AU ii 112.11 . creach .i. sluagh, O'Cl.

In vaguer sense ruin, calamity, desolation : mór an c.¤ , BColm. 100.17 . c.¤ ṅgúr (cheville), SR 7899 . cion an fhormaid / . . . is creach dhóibh, Dán Dé xxxi 39 . is creach . . . dá cháirdibh (of death of nobleman), Keat. Poems 133 . mo chreach chráite . . . alas! Celtica i 93.167 . mo chreach don bhuídhin (imprecation ?), Párl. na mB. 2378 .

Compds. With nouns: crodh ┐ creachairgthe na criche, Hugh Roe² 192.y . Tír Mac C. na ccrechár, Top. Poems² 491 . ar an ccreachgoid, IGT Introd. § 103 . fri crechbhrath, Gorm. 6 . crechdighail mor `retaliatory depredation', AU i 520.7 . creach ghabháil la C. dar Sh. nA., AFM ii 922.z . ar dháigh chreachlomtha pillaging, v 1566.5 . crechloscad na Cundai, Ann. Conn. 1405.4 . ? tenn in chrechmuirn (of a horse), RC xxxvi 263 § 23 . ar cuairt crechól `a foray of plunder and drinking', BCC 290.27 . D. mac C. na ccreac[h]ród, Caithr. CC 45 . dol doib . . . for crechruathur, Ann. Conn. 1386.6 . eng ┐ foillecht an chreach-shloigh, Hugh Roe² 82.23 . crechsluaghadh `a foray hosting', AU ii 114.10 .

With adjj.: i n-Óe Cúalann crech-adbail, Metr. Dinds. iii 114.64 . inghean Cathail chreacharnaidh ` bold-raiding ', Magauran 4168 . rí . . . creach-beodha, Hy Maine 133.y .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ri croda creachdimsach, BB 411b40 . la Ingcél Cáech crechdulig by Ingcél Cáech [who was] unyielding in plundering, Three Historical Poems 152 q. 122d . itt . . . .é cendbeca . . . crechfobdi, LU 6911 = crechḟoibdidi, BDD² 465 `swift to raid(?)', Gloss. ri . . . creach-indsaightheach, Hy Maine 138.9 . mac C. creachlaemdha, BB 61a45 . fer . . . crechlinmair, ALC ii 188.2 . ind ḟir chairdig crechloṅgaig of the plundering ships, LL 17683 . mac tairsigh . . . chrechnoisigh plunder-famous, O'Curry 1468 ( H 3.18, 652 ). sladaighe creach-reilgeach = un voleur sacrilege, Trompa na bhF. 584 . in righ croda creachuathmur, BB 418b22 .

With vbs.: creachloisscid crīoch C. co léir, ZCP xiv 221.2 . ro creachoirgeadh . . . a n-ermhor, AFM iv 764.10 .

doél,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doél, or dil.ie/17536

 

Forms: ndoíle, Daolcú

n o, m. and ā, f. chafer, beetle: is neimneach dubh in dáel, Cóir Anm. 263 . líntar a crechta . . . do dēis, do dael ḟota othrach, do gai, BB 193a17 (= duirb, 192b27 ). ilar t(h)or ṅdoel, duba druing, | ilar cruma cael, SR 889 . hidan idan corpan criad, | cuman cuman cruth na ndael, RC xxiii 416 . dael . . . méitigther oirce, Fél. p. 42 ( Fél. Jan. 15 ). ro cnaí daíl a choiss, Trip.² 2862 . Freq. in comparisons: ingen Conmair . . . ina gormdael gobuil-duib, BB 393b33 = inna garmdail, LL 214a7 . duibe iná gual nó druimne daeil, SG 251 . dubithir druim ndáil, BDD 97 . coícait ṁbratt ṅgorm, ┐ ba cosmail cech áe fri druimne (ri findruine, MSS.) ndoíle , TBFr. 19 = fria druimni dúile, RC xxiv 143 Eg. abratchair duba daile (: sāire), LU 3821 ( SCC 37 ). dá brá dóile dubgorma, MacCongl. 97 . Regarded, like the worm, as instrument of dissolution of the body after death: dursan . . . Mac Domnaill do dheól don daol (: Aod) alas that D.'s son is the beetle's prey, ACL iii 304 . not-ísat daela duba (said to the body), ZCP vi 265 . [i]sind áth, ba dúire daol, | is leis docer Congal Cáel doom of death, Fianaig. 12 . a ádbai na ṅdoel ndubgorm (to the body), PH 8256 . mo chorp . . . ní bec lem í co hécaid | d'énaib Dé no de dáelaib (: táebaib) as bait for birds and beetles, ACL iii 216 . Applied fig. to a person who inspires dread (in good and bad sense): in cach níth ba dáel dolaid `a beetle of havoc', Metr. Dinds. iii 340 ( LL 157b14 ). an doel dub Droma Tibrud, ZCP ix 453 . húasal dóel diasnéti (of Colum Cille), ACL iii 218 ( Rawl. 107a47 ). torcair an snomhdhaol seang la Cormac, P. O'C. s.v. daol . cein co ti an daol bán . . . ┐ bidh maith ind ecclas fria re, BNnÉ 305 (a prophecy). pn Hence as sobriquet: Dubthach Dóel Ulad, FB § 12 , TBC-I¹ 2109 , TBC-LL¹ 2825 ; D. Dael, TBC-LL¹ 2750 , 2829 , TBC-I¹ 2055 (see also ¤tenga below). D. Dáel Uladh .i. adhuath Uladh a ḟaigsin . . . mar is aduath lé cách nduine in bheist dara comainm in dáel d'ḟaicsin, Cóir Anm. 264 . Cf. O'Mulc. 347 = doel a graeco dilos (δειλός) formido (an etymol. gloss, not a definition). Hence through misunderstanding the definition: Dubthach Dáel Uladh .i. adhúath Ulad, Cóir Anm. 264 . As n.pr. m.: ingen Dūil Dermait, IT ii1 181 . maccu Dūil D., ib., tri Doil Eirrig, TBC-I¹ 3487 = tri Dóelḟir, TBC-LL¹ 5888 .

Compds. ¤abra dark eyelash: glannua rosc . . . itir clethchor ndub ndóel-abrat, BDD 100d . ¤chomramach: sgiath dhaolchomhramhach ` chafer-marked ', Atlantis iv 176 . ¤chú: Daolcú (name of a black hound), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 . Cealtchuir romarb Daelcoin dia luin .i. dia ghae, RC xxiii 325 . ¤dath beetle-colour, jet black: celtur cunnail co ndaeldath, LL 193b40 . ¤ḟuince, 3 C 1 3, 920.6 .

¤tenga chafer-tongue, backbiting, etc.: teist Cathail m. Finguine ríg Dési cu ndoelthengthaib, LL 149b11 . As sobriquet: Dubthach Dóeltenga, FB § 90 ; TBC-LL¹ 2780 , 2811 = D. Dóeltengad, FB §§ 92 , 72 ; TBC-I¹ 2066 . ¤tengthach chafer-tongued, given to backbiting, etc.: Dubthach dael-tengthach, Cóir Anm. 263 . fearand Dubthaig Daeltengthaig, Ériu viii 174 ; mac D. Doeltengaidh, ib.

Donnabán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Donnabán or dil.ie/18213

 

n.pr. o, m. do Dundubáin mac Cathail do Rig H. fFidhgente, CS 222 . Gilla Padraic . . . do marbadh do Donnduban mac Imair; Donndubán mac Imair occisus est ó Laignibh, 234 . do Dhonnabhan mac Cathail , AFM 974 .

1 é, hé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 é, hé or dil.ie/19325
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ishé, is hé, hǽ, isé, hǽ, hé, asné, ishe, issé, isé, é, hé, é, hésom, hesom, hǽsium, ésium, esium, eisiu, esiomh, eisim, esim, éseom, eseom, eiseom, esen, ésen, eisen, eisea, eision, essium, eissiu, eissiumh, esseo, essem, essim, eissi, eissin, hisseom, heside, he side, éside, eside, éisidhe, eisidhe, eiside, esede, eisidh, esiden, esidein, eisidhein, esein, éisei, eiséin, eisidei, eiseic, ese, esside, hessidhi, eissid, eissidi, eissideic, eisseic, eissein, es(s)ide, bé, cebe, gibe, cidbe, eside, esium, (h) é, éseom, esium, eissium, é, é

pron. 3 s. m. ; fem. , q.v. (later also í) ; neut. 1 ed, q.v. For pl. see 2 é.

In Glosses with copula : ishé, Wb. 4c3 . 25b2 . Sg. 3b20 . is hé, Ml. 36a32 . is hǽ , 102b5 . isé, BCr. 18b12 . mad hǽ , Wb. 27b6 . ba hé , Ml. 24a4 . Wb. 19c4 . asné, 4d16 . Ml. 31b24 . Mark of length sometimes omitted, as : ishe Wb. 25a24 . Ml. 45b11 .

In early Mid. Ir. with copula 3 s. pr. issé, isé ; independently é, hé ; in later MSS regularly é. Before -som, etc. hésom, Wb. 7c8 . 24d5 . hesom, Ml. 53a5 . 90b13 . hǽsium, Ml. 30c5 . ésium, TBC-LL¹ 1744 . 6050 . esium, 1107 . 1189 . LL 223b14 . eisiu, Acall. 1979 . esiomh, TBC-LL¹ 3883 St. eisim, TBC-I¹ 2444 . BColm. 60.6 . esim, 104 . 12 . éseom, TBC-LL¹ 5971. eseom, LU 12a36 . 126a29 . TBC-I¹ 559 . 580 . eiseom, 1222 . 1543 . TTr.² 1451 . esen Corm. Y 276 . CCath. 2615 . ésen, TBC-LL¹ 2893. eisen O'Gr. Cat. 488 ( : seisen). eisea, Dán Dé xxv 53 ( : móirsheisear). TSh. 5134 . eision, TBC-LL¹ 3883 v.l. TD 34. l. 189 . In early Mid. Ir. freq. with -ss- : essium, PH 281. MacCongl. 55.11 . eissiu, Acall. 6017.6708 . 7890 . eissiumh Metr. Dinds. iv 282y . esseo, Trip. 394.4 . IT i 131.12 . essem, Ériu i 126.12 . ZCP ix 156 ( = TBC-I¹ 1543 ). essim ZCP iii 258 ( = LU 126a29 ). eissi, Acall. 2080.3353 . eissin, 7642 . Cf. hisseom, PH 1513 . Before -side, -séin, etc. : heside, Wb. 3c15 . Ml. 100c10 . 102a20 . he side Ml. 100b23 . éside, LL 219a34 . eside, TBC-LL¹ 2230 . PH 929 , etc. éisidhe, Lism. L. 3429 . eisidhe, 424 . eiside Laws iv 138z Comm. . TTr.² 373 . esede, TBC-LL¹ 4502. eisidh, Laws i 8.6 . esiden, YBL 62a27 . esidein, BColm. 52.18 . eisidhein, ZCP viii 551 y ( = TBC-LL¹ 1874 ). esein, PH 1963 . éisei, Acall. 1463 . eiséin, Studies 1924, 242 § 7 . eisidei, Laws i 4.25 . eiseic, iv 46.14 Comm. v 448.30 Comm. Acall. 5944 . ese, Laws iv 16.17 Comm. With -ss- : esside, LU 22a38 . ZCP viii 302.23 . Auraic. 207 . MacCongl. 3.11 . hessidhi, Lism. L. 3888 . eissid, Corm. Y 276 . eissidi, Do Chupur 56 ( IT iii 237 ). eissideic, Acall. 4833 . eisseic, 6034 . eissein, 5819 . 7982 .

In early Mid. Ir. we sometimes find es(s)ide standing for a fem. subst. : oc siair tharisi do .i. fedb craibdech eside PH 943 ; cf. Laws iv 176.24 ( 178.4 ) ; 226.7 .

The O.Ir. quantity of 1 é before the suffix is attested by the rime glēsom : hēsom, IT iii 44 § 60 . Thurneysen remarks ( Thurn. Hdb. § 447 ) that the length of the vowel in ésom may be due to the influence of 2 é which, to judge from Welsh wy, is long by nature. In late Mid.-Ir. however the vowel is regularly short before the strengthening or anaphoric suffixes. The shortening may be explained by the analogy of 3 mes(s)e, tussu s.v. .

A detailed examination of the use of the independent pron. in Old and Mid. Ir. belongs to syntax and would be out of place here ; we give however some illustrations of the typical uses for these periods. Some special uses are noticed in IX.

I Placed immediately after the copula, in the following types of sentences :

(a) bad he for n-ere (gl. portate dominum) Wb. 9d12 . is heside athir inna mmachabdae (gl. Mathathiae) Ml. 74b6 . ishé a ammus lemm that is my guess at it (gl. cum iam fere centum annorum esset) Wb. 2c27 . ba ed á n-oínbiad (gl. mannae) Ml. 97d8 . Símon Bar-ióne...is e eochair na flatha némdai, PH 1639 . tucus aichne fairsim corb'é Ísu I knew that He was Jesus 3736 . ní hé Cormac beus, TBC-I¹ 13 . In Mid. Ir. the pron. is often repeated after the subj. in sentences of this type : (a1) is é gaiscedach as dech fil díb hé, LU 101a39 = FB 14 (hé om. ZCP iv 153 ). issé mo lennán é, TBC-LL¹ 4560 . corb' e metrapolitan na primchathrach he, PH 189 . as é céd-duine tárla dó hé, Acall. 624 . fa hé céidrí Éireann do ṡíol Éibhir é, Keat. ii 1875 . When the second pron. stands for a subst. of different gender from that of the pred. we get the type : is tocrádh mór marbhnadh Dé | ní hé an brón gan adhbhur í, Dán Dé xxvi 1 . dob é ceirtleath m'anma í, Studies 1924, 428 § 9 .

(b) is hésom doradchiúir (gl. Christo Jesu) Wb. 2b9 . is heside dorárricc báas dúnni, 3c15 . is heside robu rí, Ml. 100c10 . Mac Roth...is e timchellas hErind ind oenló TBC-I¹ 1110 .

(c) is he Dia insin (Quis est iste Deus...? Deus sc. ille qui...) Ml. 83c5 . rii benn ced ara neper? Is he rí tuathi insin lasmbiat .vii. ngraid ḟene, Laws iv 328.24 . is hé rí insin loingside siabrai, LU 99a27 .

(d) ba he a ngnimsom molad Dǽ (quorum...officium) Ml. 24a4 . is sí ind inducbal lesom in molad, 126b17 . corrophed mo indeb Crist (gl. ut Christum lucrifaciam) Wb. 24a6 . is e in cetna herdach celebrad ┐ procept brethri Dé, PH 3600 . dob í m'ḟáilte mo riar, Keat. iii 1450 . issé biadh do buí ag M. uidhe cerc ┐ aran, BCC § 122 . Keat. ii 2687 .

(e) is hé rufiastar cumachtae inna diglae...in tí, etc. Ml. 111c13 . is ed as dulem daitsiu m'etarcnae, 103a9 . is é as fhoghar dá gach eon | moladh Dé, Dán Dé xiv 23 . Cf. is e thainic a n-agaid Patraic .i. Sínell, Lism. L. 248 .

(f) asné Crist in lie asrubart, Wb. 4d16 . issi so a chiall, Ml. 65a3 . is e cētlá na sechtmaine in domnach PH 3584 . int shollsi-so...is e Crist mac Dé sin, 3792 . badh í an úaisle ar n-eólaichne, Ériu ix 163 § 6 . gurbh í Éire tobar draoidheachta iarthair Eorpa, Keat. ii 963 . The pron. is regularly in concord with the follg. subst., but cf. is í ar gceann báidheine an bhean, Dán Dé ii 29 .

(g) When the pred. precedes the cop., the word following the pron. usually decides the gender of the latter : in choss is hé oís achtáil, Wb. 12a23 . Crist didiu issí in chathir, 21c5 . cf. i dteangthaibh nach í an Scoitic in languages other than Scottic Content. vi 19 . Cf. on the other hand Wb. 3b16 , 18 . PH 1639

(h) is hé Dia as eola indiumsa, Wb. 8d23 . ní hé apstal citarogab in testiminso, Ml. 38c3 . comad he Nathi bud choscrach, RC xxiv 180 . ba saeth le M. nach he Brian ba ri, 176 . ce nib ed á ainmsom bes foir, Ml. 23d17 . (In O.Ir. the pron. is not obligatory in this type ; cf. issí ind ainim as airlam...ní incorpp, Wb. 3d11 . ni far mbrónsi immafolngi fáilti domsa, 16b8 . is a indocbál fessin condieig cách, 23d5 . ni Dia dudgní..., Ml. 44d21 .) is é mo chorp ro ádnaicis[s]i, PH 3732 . is é an beo do bhí 'na chroich | doní idir eo agus éanlaith, Dán Dé vi 40 . gurbh í an Ghaedhealg fá teanga dona draoithibh, Keat. ii 964 .

(i) The copula may be omitted : he fessin as choimsid dáu, Thes. ii 294.3 . hé cotnarlaic...doib anisin, SR 3659 . é leth luidi, Metr. Dinds. ii 2 . é domrad a n-éccomhnart, BS 48.16 .

II

(a) After interrogatives : cia hé (gl. quis) Ml. 46c17 . cia hé nundixnaigthersiu, 75c9 . ce hé roscríb, Sg. 197a19 . cóich esein, PH 1963 . cidh esen itir, TBC-LL¹ 3843 St. cuich hé in t-airfidech ut ?, Acall. 7525 . cret eissein in t-abhacc ?, 7982 .

(b) After sechi, sechip, cip (cib) : sechi he (gl. si quis) Ml. 35b4 . sechi é cretes de illis Wb. 15b1 . sechi sí (gl. quaelibet) Ml. 65d2 . sechi sí dia rignaib, 65d8 . sechip hé nodapridcha whosoever he be that preaches it Wb. 14d28 . sechip hé dán tra doberthar do neuch, 13a3 . ciphé ade Ml. 26a1 . ponat ergo lunam (cipé) ubilibet computare voluerit BCr. 31c2 . ciped ní, PH 1520 . gib é dig...ni ba missi, TBC-LL¹ 1223 . cip é imress méla...fort, 46 . So far as can be judged from published material cip é (gib é) is regularly replaced in late Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. by the anomalous gi bé (gidh bé), in which bé is fully stressed and alliterates with b. This form occurs already in O.Ir. : cia bé a mmet however big it be Ml. 61b28 . cía bé (MSS. cebe, gibe, cidbe, etc.) dlug bías duib, Metr. Dinds. iii 42 . gipe ra ṡossed (cía bé roisedh v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 6076 . atú ar bhaois gidh bé nach fuil, Dán Dé ix 8 . gi bé do bhronn a dhá rosg, Studies 1921, 258 § 9 .

It may be noted here that the position of the pron. in copula (or virtually copula) sentences in Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. is not always in accordance with orthodox modern usage, e.g. Tadhg esiomh nó a aithgin he is T. or else his counterpart O'Gr. Cat. 488 (= Ir. Monthly 1921, 291 ).

III With 2 os, q.v. : os hǽ (gl. donorum amicus) Ml. 69c4 . oshé, 122b14 . oshe, 123b4 . osse cona licc fora thairr, TBC-I¹ 891 . Similarly with is (s), s, ocus (┐) : deidghin...ina cinn isse níamdo, IT i 119.27 . a inar bláith ...is é étrom, TBC-I¹ 1871 . mar éan is é gan eitil, Dán Dé vii 22 . in scáilfer...sé tailc, IT i 271.11 . andara hech dibsidi ocus se...luath-lemnech, TBC-I¹ 2557 . ocus se baccach, PH 620 . ┐ se ina shessom, 622 . áráit...si imtromm, IT i 271.36 .

IV Independently : hésom triuss, Wb. 7c8 . tría buith adi innim ┐ hǽsium i talam because He is in heaven and he on earth Ml. 30c5 ....nad cho[m] nech acht hesom fesin 53a5 . cen fis accu he buden ina Cristaige, PH 56 . ni nech aile...acht he buden ┐ Dia, 607 . nachar mhair acht é féin amháin, Keat. ii 4179 . cunnradh eile atamaoidni do dhenamh le hA., acus eisin linne, Ir. Deeds, Trans. RIA xv 87.22 . In affirmation : Ferbaeth an e dothæt... imbarach? Eiseom on, TBC-I¹ 1543 = YBL 31a17 . After indá, in(n)a, ná than ( = O.Ir. oldá(a)s, indá(a)s) : fearr neach ele iná hé féin | dá mholadh, Studies 1924, 242 . do ba sine ioná é féin, Keat. ii 1828 . After cen, eter, 1 amlaid, 1 mar, q.v.

Here also may be noticed the type : is móidi a subailchi sin ┐ is laidirede congmus duine a n-agaid a namatt é its virtues are the greater (for) that and it aids a man more powerfully against his enemies thereby Maund. 139 . do benadh an t-iarann as an crand ┐ nir misde do bhi an tseisrech ag trebad é the iron was removed and none the worse was the team plowing BCC § 76 ; in these passages the pronouns sin, é, are asyntactical. Cf. the exx. in Fasc. i 162-163.

The usages classified under V-IX belong to the Mid. Ir. period, and later. Strachan has shown that V-VII were in use before the end of the eleventh century, and well established before the end of the twelfth ; see Ériu i 176 .

The form sé which arises in this period is treated s.v.

V As subject of the copula, following the pred. In early Mid. Ir. we find numerous exx. in which side is replaced by eside, som by esium, etc. (perhaps on the pattern of is éside x, is ésom x), as : in Fiac sin dano mac eside meic E....(v.l. mac sede), Thes. ii 307.3 . Cf. the O.Ir. types : is Diasom domsa, Wb. 1a2 . ni augtor side uilc, Ml. 44d19 ; these seem parallel to : ba cosnamaid Erenn esside an inbaid sin i n-agaid Cathail , MacCongl. 3 - 5 .

In early Mid. Ir. eside, esium, etc. usually follow the pred. directly, while the copula is unexpressed : dalta esseom do P., Trip. 394.4 . bai mac etorro... .i. Mael D. mac A. esside, LU 22a38 . Necódim...sái rechta eside PH 3677 . dalta do C. beos essium, 281 . Whether this type preceded and originated the use of the simple pron. as subj. of the copula is uncertain; there are numerous early exx. of (h) é etc. where the anaphoric pron. would be out of place.

Nicodemus... .i. cara inclethi do Crist he, PH 209 . ní cubaid bás cosmail doib, uair Pól ennacc he, Petar tra...écraibdech eside, 1865 . With copula expressed: combá mac dond ríg hé, LU 22b29 . is la Coin Culaind... hé, 112a24 ( FB 89 ). ba hairchindech na n-apstal he, PH 1637 . ba hōgshlān he, 468 . ba cumang les he, 64 .

VI As obj. of trans. vb., replacing the O.Ir. infixed pron. (The transitional stage is illustrated in the tautological types: cotgair Lugaid amach hé, TBC-I¹ 1063 . connachrancatár hé, LU 59a33 . roscuirset himmach he, PH 110 ): cona ragbad in galar hé, LU 14b31 . rocharsat hé, 121b35 . rochrechtnaig eseom, 126a28 . co cualutar hé, PH 18 . acall-su fessin é, TBC-LL¹ 1652 . guid he beseech him PH 343 . In reflexive sense: do lecc C.C. ar a gluínib é, BCC 274.29 .

VII As subj. of pass. vb.: robaided hé, LU 41a23 . cf. rogabad hí, 41a33 . is annam fogabar he cen chatha RC xxiv 200 . meni frithalter innocht é, TBC-LL¹ 1352 . nach acaltar é, 1694 . rohindarbad asin cathraig he, PH 949 .

VIII Occasionally as subj. of certain intrans. verbs: mas re ré na fochraice táinic amuigh hé, Laws iv 134.13 Comm. noco bia itir hi, 42.2 Comm. ar nach tisad friss he, LL 217b34 . ní raibe a n-aicned duinde eisseic, Acall. 6034 . ni roerchoidigestar do hí (sc. in lassar), Trip. 392.9 . Cf. as subj. of trans. verb: ni torracht Herinn andsin í, RC xii 78 . In such exx. the pron. is regularly separated from the vb., cf. imridh sé éinbhearta is í, IGT, Decl. ex. 1113 ; but: ór ḟás eision, TD 34. l. 189 .

Here may be noted: ol eissidi, IT iii 237.1 . bar ésium (éseom) quoth he TBC-LL¹ 4568 . 5971 . 6050 . ar esium 1189 . bar eissium , Acall. 4615 . cf. ar si, ar sisi, IT ii2 227.34 - 5 . See ol.

IX There are a few special uses of é in a neutral sense, without regard to gender of follg. subst. (cf. 1 ed):

(a) is e cuit in `acht' and the force of the `except' here is Laws iv 42.1 Comm. is e cuit in dono ann, 136.24 Comm. badh é a chríoch...go mbrisfimni..., Ériu ix 164 § 14 . is é críoch a gcualabhair this is the gist TD 31.8 . an é a reic is damhna dhí, 22a42 . iss é sin ciall in sceil, Acall. 3326 . is é áit..., Keat. iii 5055.5199 etc.

(b) in indef. predication, as: ní hé amháin not only that TD 9.11 ; 22.5 . Ó Héodhusa 34.9 ; 54.5 . Mac Aingil 326 . an é nach faici-sí C.? do ye not see C? BCC § 100 . an é nách easbol meisi ? an é nách fuilim saor ? 1 Corinth. ix 2 .

(c) referring to a statement or fact, etc.: rucad in Dond C....úadib...conid é sin méla ┐ mertain ┐ meraigecht is mó tucad for C.C., TBC-LL¹ 2041 (conadh í sin mela is mó v.l.). a Dhé ní d'anaibhse mh'olc | é nach faghaim-se furtocht, Dán Dé vi 34 . re hinghin Anna is é adearar | Dia an t-eitne agus ibh an chnú, x 22 . as é adeirid...nach treabhonn mé...iad, Studies 1923, 81 . is é chráidheas an croidhe | mé ag áineas tar m'eólchoire, 1924, 88 . See Strachan, Ériu i 163 .

For é with neut. or fem. subst. in Mid.-Ir. see Strachan's paper on Middle Ir. Declension, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1905 .

2 fichid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fichid or dil.ie/21986
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fig—, fiuch—, fiuchthar, fichter, fiochthar

v ī (stem also fig—, fiuch—). Orig. identical with 1 fichid, it is in older lit. influenced by and sometimes confounded with the latter in fig. use. For meaning cf. 1 gal abstr. of 1 fichid.

(a) boils, seethes, bubbles (intrans.), of liquids, either hot or cold : in cetna dabach ... f.¤ tairse boils over LU 3794 ( SCC 36 ). in dabach aile ... fichis dornaib de boiled with bubbles as big as the fist LU 5202 = configfed durnu di, TBC-LL¹ 1367 (ro ḟiuch, fiuchais, v.l.). tipra ... fichid dar múr, is dar mag, Metr. Dinds. iii 326.36 (figid v.l.). tipra ... fichid fri aes fingaile `boils up' Ériu ii 114.1 . hi fail in tobair ... fiuchas ar theas in cech óidche, Alex. 349 . focheird in mbruth ... hisin muir coro fich in muir uile, LU 1879 . ro fiuch in loch, Laws i 74.4 . a fuarán eagna gur ḟich, Content. xvi 79 . Of fire : ro saigh do meit in teined ... a fil do lindib isin domun ... ni airdibhdhabhad, ar is ferg Dhe fhiches ..., Ériu ii 134 § 112 = ni tene fhiuchus ann acht ferg Dia, RC xxiv 381.17 . Cf. an chrithear do chaigleabair | do ficheadh rem oigdheadhuib, IGT III ex. 621 . do éirigh a uaill ┐ do ḟiuch a ḟearg, ML 138.29 . ca fróech na figed fri feirg? (`der nicht vor Zorn kochte' Wind.) TFerbe 266 . Cf. hi cath Crundmona ... a lám is a ferg rusfiuch, Fianaig. 74.29 (text doubtful ; rime with fuil seems required). fiuchais fercc Mhaol Rúaidhni, ZCP viii 224 § 30 . ? Dondchad ... dia fich in domun daightheach `through whom boils the fiery world' Auraic. 2206 ( IT iii 7 ; 39 ). rofigh cocad mor i Laignib i n-agaid Cathail burst forth RC xxiv 64.25 . With transference of subj. : ro fích a nGrecaib in scél sin (= incensed the Greeks to fury) TTr.² 586 . ro fichustar im maithe Erenn in gresacht sin incensed the nobles Ériu v 116.51 . (Trans.) fiuchthar (fichter, fiochthar v.l.) mil let honey be fermented IGT III ex. 624 . is meisge feirge rodḟioch that enraged you Content. xii 2 .

(b) bursts, explode (?), of a rock :s ro fich ┐ ro lassai inn ail la ēc C., ┐ rosescaind blog dind ailig fo sūil N., Corm. Y 698 . For vn. see fichud.

glúasid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. glúasid or dil.ie/26173

 

Forms: glúassad, glúaised

v I Trans. moves, stirs, sets in motion:

(a) with infixed refl. pron.: connachagluaistis in charbait so that the chariots could not move, Ml. 96c13 . dianom gluasiur itir assin magin itú, TBC-LL¹ 1339 . nitgluase, nitchumscaige, SR 1620 . acht riaglóir ocus secnap | co hanteirt óin nínglúaisea ... no one should stir, Ériu iii 100 § 23.

(b) With separate object: nachi nglúasid (of a sleeping person) do not stir him, LU 3292 ( SCC 9 ). na gluais Lonán aníar don't move ..., Mór M. § 7 ( LL 275a18 ). munus gluaisead seancaidh unless antiquarians remove them (of boundaries), Laws iv 142.24 . ní gluaisend fingalach (of a stone) no parricide can move it, MR 82.11 . RC xxiv 373.20 . nach fet gait[h]e gluaiseba which not a puff of the wind will set in motion, Ériu vii 198 § 4 . BDD § 66 and n. 10 . glūaster mong mnā Manannáin `is tossed about,' Otia ii 83 § 8 . nī roglūais in mac nechtar a dā chois dona corthaib, Ériu i 118 § 11 . glúastir na longa da lepthaib, LL 231b11 ( TTr. 1052 ). glūaistir cloc (of a bell), ZCP xiii 29 § 23 . dia n-gluaister (v.l. cumscaidter) na cuirp, Todd Nenn. 204.5 . TTebe 2069 . in muilend ... noco dingned indliged muna gluaistea he ... unless it were set in motion, Laws iii 282.14 . ... a cin for in ti ro gluaisistar he, 15 . triur iascaire do gluais gaeth assin tír seo dar n-indsaigid whom the wind drove towards us, Acall. 5967 . Metr. Dinds. iv 216.16 . ní gluaistí ... dán ... set in circulation, Studies 1920, 2 § 7 . gluaister an fhuil ... chum an chroide, O'Don. Gram. 452.10 (from Med. MS.). do ghluais C. an laimh fair `C. seized him,' ITS v 30.2 . as gluaisde ... buar bhar mbrughadh | a gleanmhoigh fhuar Iarmhumhan your hospitallers' kine must be driven from the smooth valley, DDána 74 § 18.

(c) Fig. incites, influences: slan don muic ... o bas eigem gluaisfes ar na huile esbachuib ... sets it, Laws iii 242.14 . cen co gluaistea (sic leg.) he ... coir cemad tslan in ti ro gluaisestar he, 282.12 - 13 . ní éir gaoth nach gluais mh'intinn, Studies 1921, 75 § 14 . an domblus ae gluaisis an feirg, Ériu ix 64.19 .

II Intrans. proceeds, moves, goes: gluais co tech in brethemnais, PH 2604 . co n-imdigtís ┐ co ngluaistís (of images), 1733 . na glu[a]sad nech uaibh asa inad, TFrag. 190.17 . o rogluasetar inn ócbad, LL 220b34 ( TTr. 264 ). amal nogloisdis na teda as the strings vibrated, YBL 57a1 . gluaisit gusin ngallchath, Studies 1920, 417 § 10 . do-gluais se roime, Ériu ii 82.16 . do gluaisimairne sa gleann, Maund. § 257 . a nglonda rogluais gan gréim `their valour passed away ...,' MacCarthy 432.15 . an Éigipt ór ghluaiseadar Gaedhil `proceeded,' Keat. i 98.16 . do gluaiseadar ... na taoisigh ... a n-easumhlacht na aghaidh `rose in revolt,' Maguires of F. § 25 . gluaissis in teagh naomhtha the holy house moved away, Fl. Earls 114.4 . ní gluaisdi ag na Gaeidheluibh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 156.118 . With prep. ó springs from: ó chethrar gluaisid Gaoidhil, AFM vi 2320.11 (qu. fr. MacBrody). Vnn. glúasacht, q.v.; also glúassad, glúaised: gluassadh doib a ndiaigh mic Cathail , AU ii 488.1 . g s. o mhinceacht an ghluaiste from the frequency of the motion, O'Don. Gram. 452.23 (from Med. MS.).

1 grúc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 grúc or dil.ie/26719
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n (grúig f., IGT Decl. § 14 ) displeasure, anger, grudge ; distress : adcualadar Laígin grug (grucán v.l.) Cathail do beith riu, RC xxiv 62 § 24 . gémad grúg leis gach rígh rán, ZCP vi 269 § 12 . mairg risambid a ṅgarb grúc (: sút), Rawl. 77a45 . gen grúig cin gairbi mic dé ris, SG 46.2 . méit mo gruaigi (leg. grúigi) ocus truime mo irbaide, ib. 45.21 . troimingen ōr theich a grūcc, IGT Decl. ex. 1403 . tabhair phóig gan goim gan grúig, ib. ex. 679 . mairc tíri re tarla a ngrúcc, Irish Texts ii 33 § 16 . nach léigeann Dia aoinneach ré mbeith a ghrúg dá ghrianán, TSh. 2300 . go bhfásann a ngrúg ┐ a ngoimh-fhíoch ón ghrod-spairn sin ré chéile, ib. 6646 . má tá nár ghaireas do ghrúig `altho thy frown I did not revere,' Ó Bruad. ii 132.9 . áitreabh Anna fá chlúid cheo, | mo ghrúig bheo an balla san gcás `how it pains me to see its walls in this plight,' ib. 124.z . grug .i. gruamdha, O'Cl. ? Compd.: mac ro boí oc gaillsig goit grúcbuirr (: pútraill, MSS. grudbairr, gruitbairr, grudbair(r), grucbuirr) 'a son whom a stammering, surly, puffed-up foreign woman had' EIS 134 § 5 .

imscarad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imscarad or dil.ie/28078

 

n u, m. vn. of imm-scara. the act of parting mutually; mutual separation: ropo dóig lind cen anad | noco bíad ar n-i.¤ that we should never be separated, LU 3970. ro innis doibh a n-iomsccaradh fri aroile, BNnÉ 299 § 47. boilg meadhón uimpi ... can easna can imscaradh `she was one continuous belly without ribs without separation,' Miscell. Celt. Soc. 72.14 . ar daigh ... a n-imscarta ria a muindtir, RC xliii 36 § 32. ar émi imscartha frisin peccad, xv 488 § 6 . do-ní bás na coire iomsgaradh na hanma ré caidreabh ... na naomh, TSh. 1465. an t-anam ┐ an corp do dheadhail ┐ d'iomsgaradh ré chéile, 1105 . iomscaradh Ghiolla Íosa ... agus na huaisle sin, Maguires of F. § 85.

Used esp. of parting after a hostile encounter; the issue of an encounter: bid menn inar n-i.¤ it will be clear at our parting, Sc.M² § 15. i.¤ da aidlend áig na Asia ┐ na Éorpa, TTr. 1997. i.¤ Cathail ┐ Laigin conuigi sin `the result of the battle between C. and the Leinstermen' (concluding words of the Battle of Allen), RC xxiv 66.4 . fiarfaigis de cinnus no biadh imscaradh a cocaid ocus Nathí. asbert in drái comad é Nathí bud choscrach, SG 333.12 . ba he an (leg. a n-) iomscaradh, na Fomoire do dicheandadh do lamaibh na laech sin, Leb. Gab.(i) 84.12 . cionnus no biadh iomscaradh na sluagh ccechtardha, 198.21 . rob e iomsccaradh na hiorghaile sin, AFM vi 2116.20 . Cf. imscar.

Used in the Laws with the same signification as imscar q.v.: i.¤ fri anfolta flatha `a separation in consequence of the bad qualifications of the chief,' Laws ii 322.1 . i.¤ imtoga co nairitiu ocus logad cen anfolta nechtar da lina `a separation from choice,' 312.22 . (glossed: toga la cechtar de in t-i.¤ , 314.5 Comm. ). i.¤ dotluigigter (=dotluichither) flaith fri aigillni `a separation which the chief requests from the tenant,' 316.z . i.¤ athcuir cen anfolta flatha `a separation by return of the stock without any disqualification of the chief,' 318.x . nomad a lamtoraid fri hi.¤ doib `one-ninth of the produce of her hand to the woman at their separation,' 392.y . lanamnus foxail ocus lanamnas taide; ni techtad ni do chomraind fri hi.¤ do beodil na marbdil acht comperta, 400.x . is meise fuidir griain imsgartha fri flaith `the `fuidir' of land may separate from his chief,' v 360.18 .

indligthech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indligthech or dil.ie/28476

 

Forms: hinndlightech

adj o, ā (indliged)

I Of people,'

(a) lawless, law-breaking: lethḟolog cech gráid doa macc dligthech, ... ar is leth cech dligthig, cethramthu cach indligthig, Críth G. 483. Compar. noco n-indligthigi-te file āir īar sētaib dligthecha do dēnum a poet is not the less law-abiding for making a satire after the (bestowal of) due séts ?, O'Curry 1879 (< 23 P 3, p. 21 (23)ab ).

(b) not possessing certain legal rights: masa comdligthuch iat ocus masa comindligthuch, no masa dligtech in bean `if they are equally admissable to give legal evidence or equally inadmissable ...' (of man and wife), Laws ii 404.9 Comm.

(c) irrational ? : co ndilgudh im an aes mbegleighind indlighhecht (leg. n-indligthech) traigit i frecnarcus anrotha, Laws iv 356.16 .

II Of actions, illegal, lawless, unjust: acht mad indred n-i.¤ , Críth G. 565. in fainleguch ┐ in t-urfócruch ... nocha n-inndlightuch nemurfaomudh a toicheda, O'D. 37 (< H 3.17, cols. 34 , 35 ). raith i nairgithi nech ina guth n-ard, no na guth n-i.¤ (gl. Raith guth aird), Laws i 2.9 Comm. is bairnech do thigerna frit-so ... do throscud i.¤ fair, LL 283a52 . gním n-ingnad n-indligtheach ... ingnath ar a ain-menci, indlightheach ar a uaibrigi, BB 315b12 , 13 . Adv. iarna indrad co hinndlightech i cinaith Muiredaigh maic Eogain do guin do, Anecd. ii 42.5 - 7 . na rig dogniat a follamnus co hanfhirén, ┐ no-s-imbret co hi.¤ for cách, PH 4106.

In: ba holc acu dul dar in recht n-i.¤ ndeona .i. duni d'ithi, TTebe 3343 , probably read: ndligthech.

Of houses, not lawfully to be used for certain purposes, illegal: madh isna trebuib dligthecha fromthar a hairidhe ... madh a treib indligthig ... (of the testing of ale), Laws v 166.21 and 28 Comm. is diles in mi-cuirm dogres, gin cop isna trebuib indligthecha dogentar, 168.3 Comm.

III Of objects, not legally due: muna forglana flaith foltuib na seota indligthecha eirnius `unless the chief being wealthy has cleared the `seds' he has unlawfully given,' .i. muna firglana in flaith deghfoltuch amach na seotudh ro ernudh amach co hi.¤ , Laws ii 312.14 , 17 .

IV Of animals, irrational, brute: lubai in talman ... | biad na n-anman n-indligtech, SR 1570. int anmunna i.¤ roaittrebastar a n-indib inmedōnachaib Cathail `the lawless beast,' MacCongl. 101.24 . ro-fhendsat he iar-sin ... amal cech n-anmunda n-i.¤ , PH 2147. a torcair lem do dhainibh ┐ d'anmannaib indligtecha, ZCP vi 83.16 . cidh daíne ar ai fhuatha is [anm]anna indligthecha ar aí n-ecna, Stair Erc. 1311. But in follg. means unlawful (to offer in sacrifice) which is probably the orig. sense: ro comairleig Dia do Noe dedhe da cech cenel anmann indlighthech ... do breith isin airc, fo daigh siolta uatha ... ┐ treidhe d'anmandaibh dlighteacha, fo daigh udhbarta ┐ siolta uatha, Leb. Gab.(i) 8.16 .

inmedónach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inmedónach or dil.ie/28777

 

Forms: i., inmedonach, inmedónchu, inmedónchaib

adj o, ā (inmedón)

I internal, inner, inward ; medium, intermediate; mediocre: donaib erbruinnib inmedonchaib gl. de intimis (praecordis), Ml. 64c17 . in tecnatad inmedonaig gl. intimae familiaritatis, 61c2 . ond rainn inmedonich hísin ind aitrebthado `from that internal part of the possessor,' Sg. 198a13 . pene-intus .i. inmedónach gl. penitus, 40a1 . i.¤ gl. interior, 39a16 . o scrutan inmedonach a ndligid ┐ a n-intliuchta, LU 2677. a betha inmedonach ... ┐ a menma indḟeithmech dogrés i nDia, Lat. Lives 100.5 . ac denam cocaidh inmedhónaigh atraibh (ettraib, v.l.) féin, CCath. 1657. in borrfad mór aicnidh ┐ in innóccbail inmedhónach ro búi i craidhi cechtarde, 274 . ro-fhásad noemad ┐ coiseccrad don duine inmedonach .i. don anmain dligthig, PH 7852. ar in roth ... inmedonach reithes grian `middle circle,' MR 112.20 . diet s[eim] ┐ diet reamar ┐ diet inmedhonac medium, RC xlix 56.1 . ba fer bágach ... he ocus boi maith adbul inmedonach ann, LB 150b44 . int anmunna indligthech roaittrebastar a n-indib inmedōnachaib Cathail , MacCongl. 101.25 . a dtimchill gach uile nethi foirimiollaigh ocus inmedhonaigh `[tam] de exterioribus quam interioribus,' O'Gr. Cat. 282.5. mór ocus bec ocus inmedonach, 187.27 . ponc inmedonac (medonach, v.l.) an lae, Ir. Astr. Tr. 30.3 . in fín núa ... ┐ in seinfín ... ┐ in fín inmedhonach, Rosa Angl. 88.20 . na daoíne ata inmheadhonach i naóis the middle-aged , 23 K 42, 35.6 . as deaghchomartha a beith inmheadhonach ider theas ┐ fuacht midway between ..., 123.5 . da dteagmha flux fola na srona ... ni hinmheadhonach an chabhair do bheir dhoib it gives them no small relief, 200.15 . tosach inmedonach `an inherent principle,' Mackinnon Cat. 39.31 . lán d'anaoibh intinne ┐ d'iarghná inmheadhónaigh aigeanta, TSh. 6692. gurab usa ... pian fhoirimeallach ... ioná pian inmheadhónach, 4919 . atá a chroidhe marbh go hinmheadhónach emortuum est cor eius intrinsecus, 1926 . dogniodh ... lacht na n-inniledh sin galraighthi inmheodoncha ... dona daoinibh, AFM iii 210.2 . Adv. etirdécai .i. doécai ind inmedonach `he inspects internally,' Ml. 61a8 . Compar. inmedónchu gl. interior, Sg. 39a9 . gl. penitior, 40a2 .

II As subst., the intestines, the inner parts: cride et óa et inmedóncha áili `other internal organs,' Wb. 12b1 . corrici inmedoncha a coirp gl. usque intima, Ml. 127b12 . amal rundgab sliab sion andes ┐ antuaid dun chathraig dia ditin síc rundgabsat ar nda thoib du ditin ar n-inmedonach-ni, Ml. 67d14 . inmedónchaib gl. intestinis, Sg. 111a1 . ro gabhsat iarum a n-inde [┐ an] inmedhónacha ar faelscudh forra, CCath. 2534. go ro threghdastair a inmedhoncha triasan éideadh, AFM vi 2214.31 .

leth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. leth or dil.ie/30036
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: leth, leith, leithe, leithe, lethe, leithi, lethe, -leithe, leath, leithdeimhin, lethshathach

n o and s, n. Freq. treated as two words, l. o, n. half and l. s, n. side (e.g. GOI, Críth Gabl., BDD). But it is in some contexts difficult to decide between the two meanings, and cf. d s. leth (side), Ml. 51d3 , 128a1 ( leith, 62b13 ), d s. leith (half), Sg. 18a4 (but see note in Thes.), leuth, BCr. 3c , SR 8041 ; g du. leithe, Sg. 25b6 is ambiguous in meaning, and with lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 may belong to the by-form leithe, which latter. however, is more reliably attested in meaning side than in meaning half: a s. lethe, Imr. Brain 49 , leithi, TBC-I¹ 525. d s. lethe (MS.), Críth G. 428 , Grail 2004 . -leithe, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 .

In later lang. more usual in meaning half (for meaning side cf. taeb) except in adv. and prep. phrases, in which both meanings are frequent. leath m., IGT Decl. § 31. f. , § 39 .

A in meaning side, direction .

I

(a) side: cia beth cosar do cluim glain / fom dda lethe though I had a couch strewn of down beneath my sides, ZCP xiii 258.11 . a beóil for leith a cind, BDD² 541. Cf. do-berad urcar do cloich fuirre ┐ níba cian o leit[h] a cinn, TBC St. 1311 . tibri da leithe `to laugh on all sides', Laws v 228.27 (a kind of satire) .i. gaire uime . . . do cach l.¤ , 230.13 Comm . ? gur gab cairde fair ona cethre lethaib, asrenar . . . a di chumal cairde gacha leithe dona cethre lethaib, O'Curry 2532 - 3 ( Eg. 88, 44 ). ord cumaisc imorro .i. a cumusc a gabail as a leth deridh `the latter end(?)', Laws v 26.21 Comm . ro-claenad-som . . . cach l.¤ don luiṅg, TTebe 1995 . fal na leiti-si (sic) . . . don longphort, CCath. 5177 . tréd na loidhe ar leith an cnuic, Irish Texts ii 2 § 8 . ruc sí . . . mac forsin faidche ┐ sí fó leith ina dromlaig carrying one side of the pail(?), SG 326.28 ( RC xxiv 190.13 ). ? Page: fec leath 91, 92, MS. Mat. 573.29 (see lethenach). Less freq. direction, region : sechip l.¤ fon ṁbith foguir `on whatever side', Thes. ii 300.4 ( Hy. i ). cid féchai-siu issind l.¤ cían úait, IT i 121.10 ( TE 6 Eg.). mairg lingis lēim in l.¤-sain (i.e. towards Hell), ZCP vi 265 § 15. is i do leath coir tanacais you have done well to come, Aen. 1870. In chevilles: forom l.¤ , LU 3867 ( SCC 38 ). slúaig ós lethaib, Airne F. 288. Obscure: tāinic gaimred co ngainni / rolīnsat lethe linni `die Wasser haben die Flachlande angefüllt', Bruchst. i 67 § 156 (letha, v.l.). da each a laim leath aer sealba `two horses in hand at the border of the land', Laws iv 18.20 (leth saor selba, v.l.).

(b) Of twofold division of a house side (?), part (?); indala l.¤ de crín ┐ araile úr one part of seasoned and the other of green wood, Trip.² 601 . isind le[i]th ailiu, i fochlu on the other side, the north, Críth G. 591 . l.¤ in tige . . . do Conchobur . . . a ll.¤ n-aill do bantrocht Ulad, LU 8159 ( FB 12 ). l.¤ in tige . . . la Connachta ┐ in l.¤ aile la Ulto, Sc.M² 5 . isin leith aile in tigi, TTebe 473 . san leith oile `in the other division', TD 11.16 . an uair do chuiridís tuighe ar leath an tighe . . . chum na leithe oile, Oss. iii 216. 18 - 19 .

(c) Of the sides of the body with dess and clé: atá . . . / a scíath da leith chlíu on his left side, MU² 489 . certláech da leith deis . . . fer bec . . . da leith chlí on his right, on his left, 538 - 40 . don ochtmad asna uachtarach chleib a lethi deis Adaim doronta Eua, MacCarthy 48.12 . dul sa leath chlé dod chridhe / slighe i dteach nDé 'gun duine, DDána 10.25 . ar uaisle an leithe dheis dil, Content. i 10 . dá dheis . . . dá leith chlí, TSh. 4090 . do leith do láimhe deise, DDána 24.23 .

(d) With words indicating points of compass: fri mílid in lethe atúaid `of the northern region', Metr. Dinds. iv 40.7 . forin leith tuaiscertaigh don áth, TBC St. 2869 . don leith thuaidh, DDána 64.36 . leath thúaigh northward, Deuteronomy iii 27 . barsan leith descertach ind átha, TBC-LL¹ 3387 . mad od leith anneas gai[res an drean], Ériu viii 122.27 . ar an táobh theas leath theas on the south side southwards, Exodus xxvi 18 . don leath ṡoir eastwards, 2 Kings xiii 17 .

As acc. of destination, Ériu xli 34 .

(e) In phr. (a) l.¤ with clause containing verb of motion the direction in which, anywhere, wherever : nistá leó l.¤ do-coiset do chuincid neich `they have nowhere that they can go to beg anything', Mon. Tall. 128.10 . in l.¤ bertait sin hí lecidsi dóib wherever they bring her, LU 3125 . l.¤ dia mbí in gaeth is fris bís in chomla facing the wind, BDD² 1312 . hiss ē l.¤ ruc-sum a rēim / co Cenannas, Fing. R. 659 . é l.¤ luidi for tochmarc, Metr. Dinds. ii 2.20 . teis lee alleath gebus remat `you shall go with it whither it will go before you', Ériu v 120.16 . régat a l.¤ dīa tuitched `I shall go whither I have set out', i 116.8 . in leith teid (of a spear), Laws v 30.11 Comm . in leath bearar [in] slúaigead, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3 . is é l.¤ do-chuaid Conn ar a imgabāil a mesg c[h]lainni . . . Morna, ML² 1806.

Also with cach: cach led dochoid-som sund wherever he went, Wb. 14c20 . cach l.¤ no théged, IT i 130.23 . cech l.¤ naragdais, ZCP viii 110 § 7.

For the construction is é l.¤ attoíbi . . . co dú, is aentadach fri . . . co dú this is the context of, this is a parallel passage to, etc. see at(t)oíbi, oentadach.

In a large variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

II With adverbs of direction: ar in leirg l.¤ ifus, CRR 56. immot breith assa leith adíu `about carrying thee hence', Ériu i 130.34 . isind leith anall on the far side (of the house), BDD² 669 . l.¤ anall don ḟidh `on this side of', Ériu iii 164.29 . leath thall d'Fhinn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 8.27 . lethatshuas dinn `above', O'Gr. Cat. 232.x . da'n dá cical so lethatís dind, 290.27 . don leith amuidh externally, Grail 2621 . leith amuich outside (contr. with astig), Párl. na mB. 2132 . l.¤ amaich d'Eirinn outside I., Acall. 6457 . leath amuigh do uile-theorannaibh na Breataine, Keat. ii 1718 . beith leith amuich don phecadh without sin, ITS xxix 189.13 . leith amuigh don dá chás adubhart apart from, Mac Aingil 4529 . leath amuigh d'aicídibh tura an fhíona except for, Eochairsg. 95.22 . l.¤ amuigh do mnaib not including, BCC 228.35 (§ 237) . leath 'muigh gurab amhluidh . . . apart from the fact that, Luc. Fid. 3765 . l.¤ istich inside, Celtica ii 78.278 . andsa treas alt . . . l.¤ astig `on the third interior joint', O'Gr. Cat. 295.4 . leath istigh dar gcuimhne féin `within our own memory', Keat. ii 423. Cf. also: is uathaib sin l.¤ i fat gach ferann `far and wide', SG 121.31 . In form la-: dobert ferann do laistiar in the west, Rawl. 119a17 . lais tiar iar fuine ngréne, Fél. 112.25 . bóirdréis . . . tímpchioll a ccótaoi lastíos below, Párl. na mB. 538 . d'fhan an marc-shluagh la-amuigh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 49.4 .

III With pronominalia.

(a) With poss. a his, its : co sceasain cach ball de a leithi (sescaind, lethe, LU) his limbs sprang apart, TBC-I¹ 525. sreith cechtar de a l.¤ he knocked each of them in a different (lit. his own) direction, LL 13983 . tēit in slōg uili for teiched, cach fer a l.¤ , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 34 § 4 . luid cách a lethi each went his way, LL 14308 . téit . . . cechtar de a l.¤ íar sain, TBFr. 169.

(b) With aile. With prep. DO and art. on the other side (freq. of battle, contest, etc.): bite i n-irgail . . . friu duṅdala leith, Ml. 47c3 . dind leith ailiu gl. illinc, BCr. 32a4 ( Thes. ii 16 ). at-raghat side súass, at-raghat didiu Ulaid don leith eile, Sc.M² 18 R . dilluid F. . . . don l.¤ oili a mBōaind entered the Boyne on the other side, ZCP viii 120.14 . tiocfaid leis don leith oile / guais-ṡeabhuic Bheann mBoghoine, TD 4.43 . don dara l.¤ . . . don leith eili (of simultaneous elections to a bishopric), Ann. Conn. 1307.12 . In more general sense on the other hand, alternatively. Cf. ho l.¤ ailiu gl. e regione, Ml. 128a1 . dob'áil liom . . . dob'áil leam dhon leith oile . . . , DDána 5.15 . don leith oile, L. Cl. A. B. 192.73 . don leith oile adeir Críost . . . , TSh. 1642 . In phr. l.¤ n-aill elsewhere, anywhere, etc.: is ferr damsa techt l.¤ n-aill, LU 3347 ( SCC 13 ). ráither fria . . . techt hi l.¤ n-aill n-aile co maitin, RC xxii 393.z . (BDD App.). indtan no teigdis nach l.¤ aili when they used to go anywhere else, Mon. Tall. 129.17 . tucsat a ndorus na huama i ll.¤ n-aill iat `inside of the door of the cave', PH 1018 . cidh ara tucuis in claideb i ll.¤ n-aile? why did you give away the sword? Lism. L. 1326.

(c) With cach: amal . . . asroither uisce for talmain cech l.¤ `on every side', Ml. 44d1 . aurchor snedar cach leth in all directions, Críth G. 219 . fer cach leithe lándligid `a man of full righteousness on every side i.e. dealing justly with all men', 528 and n. 0 (or to be referred to 2 l.?). co rucadur gacha leithi ar A., Fier. 235. Usually with prec. prep. DI (do, dá) or FOR (ar) in, from all directions, sides, everywhere : immib di cach leith, Wb. 17b19 . in talmain n-impu di cach l.¤ , Ml. 51d3 . di cech leith, 62b13 . 66d10 . testiu na fuile . . . for cach l.¤ , 22b1 . for cech l.¤ gl. longe lateque, 53b9 . slúaged . . . / de cach leith dar túatha, Fél. Ep. 35. fogéba do cach leith aci agid n-airegda, LU 2029 ( FA 10 ). for cech l.¤ , LU 2146 ( FA 21 ). ic fégad . . . for cach l.¤ úathu, MU² 364 . eo óir ina brut ro saiged a gúalaind for cach l.¤ on either side, IT i 131.17 . di cech leith gl. undique, Gild. Lor. 67 . in popul imme di cech l.¤ , PH 761 . dá cech leith, 7063 . do gach leith ┐ da gach thaib dib, TTebe 2225 . sneachta seacht traigthe ar gach leath uadha, SG 34.16 . táir dá gach leith ina lenmhain, IGT Decl. ex. 1158 . ar gach leath, L. Cl. A. B. 112.43 . do gach leith do na laochaib sin, ML² 1860 . do cach lethe, Grail 2004 . for cech l.¤ de, 2480 . da gach aen leithe de na timceall, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 (leth, v.l.). go ttuccadar gealladh air gach leith mutually, Dhá Sgéal Art. 152. Note also: for cechtar in da leithe `on either side' (of a stream), Laws iv 144.11 . comtar crólinnecha curaid di chechtar na da leithi, LL 224b27 ( TTr. 548 ).

(d) With cid (later cía) where, whither : inchoiscsiu damsa ceth l.¤ atā Emain show me the way to, TBC-I¹ 376 = ced l.¤ , LU 4865 = cía let[h], TBC St. 782 . cia leath reghma? Anecd. i 2.9 ( SCano 25 ). ni fhetar cia l.¤ do-rechaind, acht tucas m'aiged siar I knew not where to go, PH 500 . cia l.¤ their Adam uait?, MacCarthy 52.8 . cia leith ro cuaidh in clu mor-sin? what has become of? CCath. 4546 . cia l.¤ so, a dorman? whither away? Fing. R. 90 . cid l.¤ na mochærgi? why are you up so early? RC xiv 400 § 4.

(e) In phr. do díb le(i)th(a)ib on both sides, mutually : diblethaib .i. cechtar a da leithe, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18, 415 ). ra theigsetar na slúaig immi-sium do dib lethib, LL 175a42 ( CRR 26 ). ro ferad cath . . . do dib lethib eturro, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . ro naidmset a ccodach ┐ a ccaradradh do dib leitibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 232.12 . dībh leithibh, Celtica iv 70.209 (l.¤ ┐̇ tib, MS.).

(f) With na(ch) in any direction, anywhere : imned dom na lled dochood wherever I went, Wb. 17d7 . nochon occobrad-si co ndigseth nách l.¤ cen heisium immaróen fríe would go nowhere without him, Trip.² 151 . na digsitís nách leth o Ierusalem, PH 5408.

(g) With óen-: F. . . . ┐ L. for ōenl.¤, M. ┐ D. forsan l.¤ n-aill on the one hand . . . on the other, Rawl. 149a35 . a h-ocht Ailgenan na n-each / co ndeachaid d'eg ar enleath together, BB 61b31 . a óga tigidh d'einleath, Duan. F. ii 68 § 11 . cuirfiter d'éinleith will be put aside, RC xxviii 318 § 30. do rug ar n-omhain d'aoinleith dispelled our fear, DDána 18a.5 .

IV With prepositions (many uses with prepp. are exemplified also under III).

(a) With A: a lleith posessoris by virtue of being possessor, Sg. 198a18 . a lleith atraib gl. extrinsecus, in the matter of possession, 198b1 . a lleith indí atreba, 200b11 . a lleith aittrebthado gl. intrinsecus, 204a1 . biat-sa as do l.¤ I will be at thy side, Alex. 93 . ac urchuitmhe assa leith making excuses on his own behalf, Anecd. ii 68.4 . See also under i l.¤ fri.

(b) With AR (in later lang.): tug fiodh ar leith do lighe made the tree to bend to one side (one of the marks of an auspicious reign), L. Cl. A. B. 224.127 . rachadsa ar do leith `I shall side with thee', Duan. F. ii 244 § 16 . techt ar a leith féin to side with him, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 40.10 . ar mbeith d'Eireamhón ón fhior / ar leith gléimheadhón Gaoidheal `when E. had parted from him amid the Gaels(?), Studies 1920, 98 § 5 . níor luigh ar leith a mháthar did not depend on(?) (of Cú Chulainn), DDána 96.29 (`encroached not on his mother's land', Ir. Monthly 1927, 437 ).

(c) With DO (in some cases perh. DI): do leith dano dó a óenur frisna tri cóectu mac on one side, LU 4914 = TBC-I¹ 429 . ni-s-téged nech do muintir G. secci do leith, do na tabrad sceim némnig to one side(?), PH 7212 . co mba hecin di usce na Temrach da tharraing do l.¤ ┐ cach cumal ar uair 'na haghaidh (i.e. she always carried one side while the others took turns on the other), RC xxiv 190.8 . in Mangartach . . . do leith de ┐ Sliab Cruadha . . . don taob eile, ML² 320 . gach meacain gach lus don leatsoin there, Hackett xlii 59 .

Usually as prep. phrase with follg. gen. In concrete sense in the direction of, towards : iarsin tictís, gním cen chleith, / ind ríg dia leith ó thír thoich to him (`on account of him'), Metr. Dinds. ii 24.74 . do leith na hairde thuaidh facing the north (of a tent), 3 C 19, 51 vb15 . nac[h] racainn do leith mo aigte I would not go forward, TBC St. 1592 . líne do leith a aighthe / do chathaoiribh cumhdaighthe opposite, DDána 85.42 . do leith a aighthe in front of him, CF² 1036 . do leith a ccúil . . . do leith a ndrumann, AFM iii 320.9 , 11 . Of the seat of a disease: go mbi nescoid isna hairnibh uair ann do leith in droma ┐ uair eile do leith a sreabhonn . . . ┐ uair do leith a gcabhán, 3 C 19, 201 rb26 - 28 . Of time: doleith na haidhche towards night, 3 C 19, 73 va 24 . do bi dias do Gaidilaib ann sin do l.¤ in Chimsogaig on C.'s side, Ann. Conn. 1281.4 .

past, by (here DI(?)): romgab do leith losinan the fox avoided, slunk by me, ZCP i 459. 11 . amail sinchān do leith ǣgaire, MacCongl. 85.2 (`approaching a shepherd'). Fig. na hinghena . . . nobitis ic amran ┐ hic duchunn no geibed do leith doib dano imradagh anma Hectoir used to avoid(?), LL 405a19 ( TTr.² 1086 ).

In more abstr. senses. With respect to, as regards, according to: is do leith genelaig fer nGréc doib, Dinds. 128. ? tiucfaidh in cétmuinnter fo coruib ┐ cidh adhaltrach hí ticfaidh a fear .i. do leth in oirechta comtibach, O'D. 2077 ( Rawl. 487, 58 ). a chlú do leith eolasa ┐ eagna, Keat. ii 204 . do leith a athar ┐ a mháthar `both on his father's and mother's side', O'D. 4896 . a n-éagmais a hárdchéme onóra do leith a glúine geinealach `in respect of', Párl. na mB. 3570 . in ratione cibi .i. do leith an bhídh, 23 K 42, 307.15 . do l.¤ dileghtha an adbuir, RC xlix 8.4 . More specifically because of, from, on account of: do leith G. because you are related to G., Irish Texts ii 44 § 35 . do leith ubhaill a fhachain, DDána 10.6 (`an apple caused it,' Ir. Monthly 1929, 211 ). do leith a nemdilegtha pour cause de l'indigestion, O'Gr. Cat. 217.7. na neithi . . . disgaoileas do leith a teasa because of their heat, 3 C 19, 49 ra27 . do l.¤ an fuail from, by means of (in diagnosis), 23 K 42, 151.17 .

(d) With FO separately, severally, individually : cách fo leith gl. singuli, Wb. 5d3 . ní [i]mmalle acht is cach æ fo leith, 17d2 . cechtar nái fo leith, Sg. 63a15 . mórfeser a dám inna thúaith, cóicer fo leith when engaged on his private concerns (as an individual), Críth G. 379 ( fo le[i]th(e), 428 ). ainmnigestár cach fer fó leith cona anmaim diles fein, LU 1811 . ar cach n-ái fo leith díb, TBC-LL¹ 2726 . cech macc fo leth dia maccaib, PH 6613 . sláinte anma is cabhair chuirp / atáid fa leith na labhuirt, Arch. Hib. i 99 § xi . ima leith alternately, Laws iv 372.21 Comm . ┐ mar sin ar na peacadhuibh eile fó leith, Mac Aingil 2061 . an biobla ma leith, .i. leis fein amhain, gan ghluais, etc., Luc. Fid. 4592 . Somet. with FOR in this sense: don oenfer for leith `for one man only', Mon. Tall. 156.28 . oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, PH 7326 . gach pearsa ar leith 'n-a Dhia dhíbh, DDána 25.6 .

(e) With FOR (AR) aside, apart : tēit leo for l.¤ aside, Sc.M² 4 . co-rrala a cholaind for l.¤, ┐ corro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait to one side, 19 (leith, R.) luid īarum for l.¤ a óinur `aside', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . ro bae-side . . . ina throscud i Sliab Sína ar leith `apart', Celtica iv 28.381 . in ticfa ar l.¤ do immacallaim frimsa?, ZCP ii 135 § 9 . gādatar mnā Connacht do Conchobur tuidecht for leith, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . atat acum sund for leith / curaid ri cath . . . (: creich), TBC-LL¹ 516 . ruc leis for l.¤ da mac Z., PH 3024 . tucait aes dána Ulad ar l.¤ , RC xiv 430 § 56 . ar leith gá fhad fhuileongas? `how long will he suffer the affliction of being far away?', Aithd. D. 8.19 . ar leith [ó] dheachmhaidh Dhé `exempt from', PBocht 7.25 . ar leith atám ó theasda laid aside, Studies 1924, 87 § 15 . ar leth nó i ccoitchinne in particular or in common, RSClára 117b . ? in slicht socinelach geinfes for leith on ridiri ┐ on maigdin sin, Grail 2669 . In this sense somet. with FO: ód thriall fó leith, Oss. vi 54.19 . doimthigh a nimh . . . as fo leith, Ériu v 88.34 . ? With TAR: no gur cuir in rig dar l.¤ mathair a cloindi put aside(?), YBL 317b24 (cf. Aided M. Gloss.).

(f) In quasi-adjectival use with both FO and FOR apart, separate, different, special : gnáe far l.¤ gl. separatim, Sg. 73b1 . syllab fo leith, 165b2 . co ndergensat rainn fo leith di gl. separauerunt ab aliis partibus, 187b6 . 188a22 . 188b5 . 212a6 . Of a particular kind of assembly: cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne? . . . A cōic: cūlairecht ┐ taebairecht ┐ airecht uirdnidhe ┐ airecht fo l.¤ et airecht fodesin, ZCP xii 359.14 . airecht fo l.¤, is a suidhi bīt nadmand ┐ ratha (sic MS.) ┐ fiadain, 360.1 . torinolta i tech for leith, Trip.² 228. biaid pian for leith er son cech peccaid air, PH 7617 . gabsatt . . . ferann fo l.¤ , BColm. 8.3 . atá i n-airicul fo leith, LU 3374 ( SCC 16 ). rogairm Cond . . . ar fót fo leith `called C. aside', Ériu iii 160.y . trí lá is tri aidche ba leith / bámmar uile i tig Cachir, RC vii 292.53 . dath fo l.¤ a eduigh cach lae, Laws ii 148.6 Comm . cás ar leith an Lúan `Doomsday, supreme danger', PBocht 5.47 . rann ar leith ni dliged dam, Irish Texts ii 41 § 9 . seómra ar l.¤ , RSClára f. 111b . pian ar leith ar an intinn, ┐ pian fá leith ar an gcorp, TSh. 6495 - 6 .

(g) In phr. le(i)th for (ar) le(i)th on both sides, respectively, both of them (usually of two persons or groups): ra fornaidmit na glinni sin leith for l.¤ , MU² 106 . co mbaí . . . nónbur ra hulibásaib eturru l.¤ for l.¤ , 118 . rointer Eri l.¤ ar l.¤ `share and share', Metr. Dinds. iii 358.35 . in cath rolád, l.¤ for l.¤ , iv 250.65 . ro tuit . . . in cath l.¤ ar leith, CCath. 2217 . M. . . . ┐ F. / fríoth a n-árach leath ar leath, DDána 64.25 . táinig a ré leath ar leath / sgol Uladh, éigse Laighneach, 115.2 . forna cathaibh leath ar leath, CF² 1195 . go rangattar . . . da nionaduibh féin l.¤ ar l.¤ respectively, BNnÉ 201.33 . a gcoingheall leath ar leath (aequa utriusque conditio), TSh. 3871. More generally: an tuile dhámh, leath ar leath the throng of companies, side by side, Ériu v 56.67 . an cúiger druadh, leath ar leth `the five wizards, side by side', iv 222 § 38 . In follg. rather in turn, one after the other : fuaradh na mball leath ar leath, DDána 27.6 . ughdair Ghaoidheal leath ar leath, O'R. Poems 1473 . fágbhuim-si fós, leath ar leath / beannacht uaim ag gach aoinneach, Celtica iv 119 § 30 . Note also: as mar sin an cethramadh cric as mesarda ┐ is ferr acu l.¤ ar l.¤ `all things considered', Ir. Astr. Tr. 140.x . Other constructions: di leith for l.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1685 . do leith for leith, MR 222.z . do leith fo leith, 240.24 . leath um leith, PBocht 18.17 . do leith dar l.¤ , TTebe 3122 .

(h) With I in such a wide and subtle variety of meanings as hardly to be amenable to classification. That given here must be regarded as arbitrary, and the ascription of an example to one category or another is in many cases very doubtful.

In physical sense beside, in the direction of, towards : co cualatar guth mbec ina hingini hi leith in tigi, Irish Texts i 2.18 (cf. Bethu Brigte 38) . rothicfa it' lethe-su will come to thee, Imr. Brain 49 (`to thy parts'; `to your country', Murphy Lyrics). Laighnigh i leith do dhroma behind you, DDána 101.53 . i leith leaptha red lennán, BS 46.4 . With follg. DO: a leith don chaislēn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 26.24 . a leith da druim from behind, TTebe 1016 . Cf. forsin marcsluag do bi l.¤ da ndruim behind them, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . = a leith a ndroma, ALC i 376.18 .

Of kinship, family connection: hua-som Codiáir moir . . . i ll.¤ o mathair on the mother's side, LU 1136 ( ACC § 121 Comm. ). dáermacne . . . a lleth o mathrechaib, TBC-LL¹ 1739. ar ni boi astig nech bad glica a l.¤ o mnaib `weil im Hause auf Seiten der Frauen keine Klügere war', ZCP xiii 270.6 . comdais meic do Mac-Con na trī Fothaid gē beit i leith Sīl Fergusa, Corp. Gen. 263 . sil a leith ciníl do chríadh, Irish Texts ii 35 § 31 . leanfa D. . . . i leith athar rian na Róisteach, Ó Bruad. i 110.3 . ? enmac do fhácuib do chloinn / ina leith do Tuathaib Temra, Irish Texts ii 23 § 12.

téit i l.¤ joins forces with: resorts to, places one's trust in, seeks refuge in: ós éigin dóibh dola id leith `they will surely join thee', Aithd. D. 24.18 . a luas . . . / do-chuas i leith láimhe libh `the speed with which men flocked to thee', 77.22 . dol na l.¤ dí ní digha, Irish Texts ii 57 § 4. Cf. dochóidh . . . / Muire i leith mh'oige d'fhighe `Mary . . . has set about weaving my nature', PBocht 12.28 . leabhair Chaisil is chláir Macha / nír mheiste dhóibh dol 'na leith, L. Cl. A. B. 237.10 . dola a leith na leabhar linn, KMMisc. 174 § 29 . cách i leith a deisi ag dul resorting to force (?), L. Cl. A. B. 193.92 . mar thug láimh fá chreich na Cásg / a leith a grásd do-cháidh Crísd, IGT Decl. ex. 1001 ( DDána 38.6 ). ní a leith a chémend do-chúaidh / an Múaid ag breith lémend lúidh was not content to proceed at its normal pace(?), IGT ex. 1256 .

fo-ceird (cuirid) i leith assigns to, ascribes to: curther a n-ugturas hi lleith Duid a oenur, Hib. Min. 128 (of Psalms). is e Ferceirtni cuires in irad so i ll.¤ na n-ugdar ┐ ite na hugdar (sic) i cuirter l.¤ , BB 299b36 - 7 . ferta . . . meic Dé do chur i lleth Belzebúb to give B. the credit for, PH 6436 . is e fath ara cuirther primhdhacht i lleith na tri mberla sin `superiority is claimed on behalf of', Auraic. 162. Cf. ilmuine mic Dé nacha cuiridhsi i far leth feisin `which claim not ye for yourselves', Laws i 22.22 Comm . Also charges with, lays to the account of, attributes to: is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni, Alex. 946 . Críoch Chonnacht a ndúthchas féin/ na leith ní cuirthe mar chéim `is not to be brought as a charge against them', Content. vi 91 . ar n-éara 'n-a leith na léigidh `let not my rejection ever be brought (as a proof of carelessness) against Thy work', Aithd. D. 77.17 . cuir 'n-a leith do chosg do chean / an rosg do bheith ag briseadh, DDána 27.4 . dá gcuirthear uabhar i leith fir aca, TSh. 9368. Cf. ar an máthair atá id leith `thy supposed mother', Keat. ii 6353.

In phrases with other trans. verbs in sense of committing, entrusting to: nít erpi i lled nach áili `with any one else', Wb. 1d10 . lecam ar ráma úan isa muir ┐ foncerddam i ll.¤ ar Tigernai `let us cast ourselves upon our Lord', Ériu xi 137.8 . cuir hobair a leith an Tighearna `commit thy works unto', Proverbs xvi 3 . lecsiu immurgo i ldeth nDe mess for a menmain-som `leave it . . . to God', Mon. Tall. 148.11 . do ré[i]r is ad l.¤ legmuid, Ériu iv 224 § 48 . caingne in tsenaidh . . . do lecon i lleith na ndea `to trust to the gods', CCath. 4549. ar ndíon 'n-a leith ná leigeadh (of Christ's wounds), DDána 48.8 . cipe leces a furtacht ┐ a cobhair i lleith in Coimdedh, ZCP iv 390.13 .

With vb. to be expressed or understood relying on, engaged in etc.: arn-iumramh a leith Dé under God's protection, KMMisc. 322 § 5 . bím i leith guidhe do ghrás `I trust in imploring Thy grace', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 1 . bíom 'na leith i ló an bhrátha / dom dhíon ar eagla an ursgátha, DDána 12.14 . i leith fhaghla ós eadh atá bent on(?), 106.4 . láeich a leith a farchadh `handling their mauls', Studies 1920, 417.20 . Here also perh. gé tú inníu i lleith eiseine (? leg. eisléine), Anecd. ii 22 § 9. Cf. i lleith leinne, LL 18172.

On the side of, along with, in support of: hóre attá innar leid cia conicc ní dúun gl. pro nobis, Wb. 4b11 . robu ferr leu buith hi leith Duaid on David's side (in battle), Ml. 87c4 . robbet inna lobrān leith / ria ndul i ṅgnūis spirta nóib `may they be on the side of her weaklings', Thes. ii 348.5 ( Hy. v 90 ). bīd 'na leith used to be with him, ACL iii 307 § 27 . ? uair is ina leath itá (`since it concerns them(?)'), Leb. Cert.² 260 . ar tí airm do chur ar a chois arís a leith an rí in support of, Rel. Celt. ii 202.29 . sé 'n-a leath acht go léigdís had they allowed Him to help them (the two thieves), Dán Dé xx 25 . Perh. also: fágthar misi a leath a bhfuil sa bhfaithedh let me be left to take charge of all [the foes] who are on the field, 23 I 1, 66.18 . an banntigerna bís orra . . . a l.¤ a lámh bítt na mná so [do]gres `are always obedient to her', Maund. 135.

With respect to, concerning, in the case of: dogniat . . . guchoibsenae do thuildiud indaldeth fadesin do tormuch pende foraib `make false confessions about themselves', Mon. Tall. 153.1 . a cion i leith an leanaibh her crime as regards the child, A. Ó Dálaigh li 21 . cenn Muman i lleith o clercibh `as regards its clerics', CS 1008. Perh. also: mar dhaingean i leith a láimhe `to strengthen his hand', PBocht 1.41 . tlás a l.¤ lamh, Irish Texts ii 31 § 3 . a leth laithe `according to the day', Leb. Gab.(i) 240.y .

Various: in mil . . . do rinne in foguil; is a dul ina leth `it (the beast on which the lot falls) goes for its crime', Laws ii 6.30 Comm . in gell do tuitim i lleth in ti tucustur he `the hostage surety falls upon the person', 136.21 Comm . i leith fheirge is eadh a-tá / nach deirge an cneadh an chéad-lá `owing to his wrath', Dán Dé xxviii 7 . a dtéid duid do na deich genoibh / tuig soin san leith ina libh `think of thy share in the ten nuts only in the aspect in which it is thine', PBocht 7.27 .

(i) In phr. i le(i)th fri, in O. Ir. glosses a ll.¤ fri, where a is a s. neut. of article, cf. later l.¤ re without prep. (below).

In the direction of, towards : a nem hitat aingil i n-uachtar ┐ firmimint a ll.¤ frinnai ille `on the side towards us', Ml. 42b10 . i lleth friusom opposite them, LU 1987 ( FA 5 ). i leith risin muir moir, CCath. 1942 . ni dechaid A. isna crichaib borétaib i ll.¤ fri téchtmuir, Alex. 437 . i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda with, BCrólige 57 gl. 7 . Cf. cidh il-leth in tigi fris even in the other side of the house, Lism. L. 1483. Similarly l.¤ fri: isin rann tuaidh do na Deisibh l.¤ le hEoghanact, ITS xvi 56.4 . leath re Hierusalem towards J., Isaiah vii 1 . Of time: hi l.¤ fri aidchi towards nightfall, RC xxii 394.8 .

More freq. as regards, with respect to, in the matter of, touching : a lled fri Abracham `as regards A.', Wb. 2c3 . a lled friss fadesin, 6c18 . a lled fri spirut gl. spiritaliter examinatur, 8b16 . a lleth frissan ingraim gl. quantum ad praesentem causam pertinet, Études Celt. xl 59 ( Ml. 30b2 ). cidh is fis, ┐ cidh is anfis . . . a leith reisin comairce?, Laws iv 228.15 . i ll.¤ fri do[i]nib . . . i ll.¤ fri Dia, Rawl. 75a47 . i leith re claidem when it comes to a sword, SG 248.17 . ro taiselbad he i leith risin fer `it was ascribed to', Laws i 34.10 Comm . is uasal i lleith re tabuirt `when considered as a gift', v 214.17 Comm . cinntech i l.¤ fri Dia, PH 6218 . i lleith ra hiris Críst, Anecd. iii 64.22 . ní measa fian Chaisil Chuirc / i leith re déanamh gach uilc, Content. ii 3 . ar gheallsad sliocht Éibhir Ḟinn / do chomhaillsead i leith rinn `in our regard,' vi 101 . a leith re hóglách m'aosú for a youth of my age, BS 44.8 . ba mór an techt (écht) hisin i l.¤ re mac taoísigh, AFM iii 648.14 . In BCC and Beatha S.F. often l.¤ re without prec. prep.: leith riu as regards them, BCC 18.13 (§ 33) . l.¤ re Día, 90.4 (§ 94) . leith re haibíd, Beatha S. F. 1397 . leith re sbioraid, 683 . In some contexts with more specific meaning of because of, by reason of, by, through : is ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam i ll.¤ frit-sa `owing to thee', MacCongl. 57.7 . a leith ré huathbhás with awe, Ó Héodhusa 66.z . l.¤ re do glicus fein `according to', Celtica ii 62.22 . do leag Dia a lámh air leith re heasláinte righinn do chur ar a chorp. Beatha S. F. 154 . In follg. perh. against : i dteach nDé do ria an ríoghan / Dia lé i leath ris an saoghal, DDána 99.38 (`against the world', Ir. Monthly 1919, 227 ). guais a lonn-ḟuighle i leith ribh, Content. vii 8. But: tiucfaid Laighin a leith ribh / beith at aighidh ni heidir on your side, Irish Texts ii 98 § 15 . Other exx. with follg. FRI: leath re Fodla fuil Uidhir / Fodla ni fuil 'na aghaidh `auf Fodlas Seite ist Odars Blut', ZCP ii 331.29 . gan neach d'Eirinn 'na aghuidh / is l.¤ re Heirind Ulaigh `sind auf Erins Seite die Ulaten', 332.1 . si-se leath re Lámhach, DDána 98.38 . ní bhiadh . . . / leath ag Dia ris na daoinibh `God would not have come among men', Aithd. D. 98.5 . For Mod. Ir. maidir le, mar le (mad i l.¤ fri) see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 14.

(j) In phrases replacing earlier ille, immalle: o sin i leith, Anecd. ii 3.8 (= i lle, Airne F. 77 ). ón ló sin i lleath, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1180 . o shin a leath, Smaointe B. Chr. 169. a hAlbain a leith, AFM iii 366.z . Cf. toit cuccum-sa i lletsa `on this side', CCath. 2982 . `rosc' tuigsin gach neich ma le, Metr. Gl. 11 § 10 (maleith, LL).

B In meaning half .

I

(a) a half, the half (of): ni roisset á l.¤-adi gl. mediam aetatem, Ml. 74a11 . ni arindí bed l.¤ ṅgotho no bed indib (ref. to semiuocales), Sg. 5a4 . a ll.¤ o laim deiss gl. dexteram . . . partem, 17b2 . dephtoros dodichsed inna leith chomsuidigthi `would enter as half of the compound', 18a4 . l.¤ ind orpi-so `half of this heritage', Thes. ii 239.16 ( Ardm. 17b ). a lleith n-aill, AU 747 . a leath na cille, 836 . isindara l.¤ in lestair ┐ in l.¤ n-aill dō-sum, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.6) . o leuth lathi, SR 8041 . l.¤ fer nAlban, Anecd. i 1.2 ( SCano 3 ). l.¤ nó trían do chruth, TBFr. 224 . l.¤ na haidche, Fing. R. 791. i leith laoi at midday, DDána 42.3 . l.¤ ruith ┐ l.¤ gabra `riders in chariots and riders on horses' (notes), BDD² 460 . ní rabi la Ultu láth gaile rosassad l.¤ méite fair, LU 9184 ( FB 91 ). co n-acca ara chind in fer ┐ l.¤ a chind fair ┐ l.¤ fir aile fora muin, LU 4933 ( TBC-I¹ 448 ). dagénsa dá leth de (a warrior), LU 5306 ( TBC-I¹ 829 ). leca lógmara . . . ┐ a llethe úachtarcha ina lócharnaib, LU 2055 ( FA 13 ). trían nó l.¤ a ḟeraind, Imr. Brain 46.13 . mo trín is luga lethi, LL 11031 ( TBC-LL¹ 4198 ). mo trian is luga lethe, TBC St. 3501 . secib ni foghailther a ndiph randaip raiter in dara rand co rab l.¤ cin cob cudruma, Auraic. 2925 . comortus andso se fer 'na leit[h] secha so híos `in the half below' (scribal note), TTebe xvii 26 . ro-scoilt bend-chapur in tempuil in ṅdíb lethib, PH 2896 . i ngach leith don ló `every hour of the day' ( Ir. Monthly 1927, 551 ), DDána 106.4 . gé atá a leath do Cinedh Conuill although half of it belongs to, Irish Texts ii 42 § 16 . do gheibhinn-si . . . / . . . / t'uille ┐ leath do leabtha, TD 14.17 . ní as lía iná l.¤ na nguth (of votes), RSClára 98a . gur thuit in cath-milid C. ina lethib leadairthi, MR 270.16 . do gerr conuige a l.¤ é `clave him to his middle', Fier. 225 . úachtarán leithe Ierusalem, Nehemiah iii 9. ? am luidset co leth lenna, feimidset imram nach leth `when they had got half way across', Dinds. 5.

(b) In legal contexts: lóg leith ungæ di muccib `half an ounce in pigs', Thes. ii 239.19 (Ardm.). trichait l.¤ n-unga n-argait, SR 3152 . na coic leithe unga, RC x 94.2 . l.¤ .uii. cumal a smacht cana, Ir. Recht 37.16 . coraigecht aenmna re bliadain dam . . . ┐ l.¤ feissi dogrés `half-conjugal society', Acall. 4955 (SG). trian n-urgnama, a l.¤ do mnai do gni half of it (milk) to the woman who does the work, Laws ii 364.23 . l.¤ do fir fodngaib, l.¤ n-aill do faithchi hi fogabar, iv 184.18 (of swarming bees). l.¤ méich tharai a half measure of kiln-dried wheat, Críth G. 111 . l.¤ n-arathair a half share in a plough, 158 . díre a béla colpda(i)ch; a l.¤ dia ḟidbu, etc., 247 . secht fuile cena dia mbeir liaig l.¤ half-fee, Laws v 362.15 . let leithi in trin one-half of one-half, ii 366.2 Comm .

(c) Of territorial divisions: cu ru raind Hérinn dar dó ┐ co tuc in l.¤ ro boí sís d'Hérind do Thúaith Dé Danann et in l.¤ aile do Maccaib Míled, MU² 5 , 6 . leath / indsi móiri Mac Mílead, Leb. Cert.² 263 . rannfa meise . . . / i ndíbh leithibh críoch fhuar Éireann, DDána 111.8 . Domnall mac dā leithi (.i. al-l.¤ tes ┐ tūaid dind Érinn), ZCP xii 236 § 56 , cf. in fíal Fer dá lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 . On the traditional division of Ireland into L. Cuinn and L. Moga see O'Rahilly, EIHM 191 - 2 . Lex aui Suanaich for Leith Cuinn, AU 748 . ruc leth na muici cona druim ó Leith Cuinn, Sc.M² 18 R . Mug Nuadat a quo leth Moga N., Rawl. 147b19 . tairct[h]er leth Érenn uait-si do C[h]onn, ML² 904. Note further: roiniudh for Gallu Locha Cuan re Leith Cathail , AU 943 . leath Branuigh `O' Byrne's half', LBranach 67 . G. . . . ri lethi iarthuraigi Ceneoil Aeda, Ann. Conn. 1224.6 . dala immorro na lethe thess do Chonnachtaib, 1225.14 .

(d) In phr. l.¤ catha, l.¤ gliad (fitting) opponent in battle, adversary: l.¤ catha, TBC-I¹ 3289 (of Celtchar) = TBC-LL¹ 5394. bud leór l.¤ catha do ḟeraib hÉrend siat ac cosnam a tigerna, 5708 . l.¤ gliad, TBC-I¹ 3252 (Rochaid) = TBC-LL¹ 5315. Hence without accompanying gen: is suaill nach leath doib Domnall all but a match for them, Prolegomena 44 § 18 . do budh leath dáibh uile í `she would equal them all', PBocht 9.17 . cath do thabhairt dóibh, gion go bhfuilmíd leath nó trian riú, CRR² 26.

(e) Attrib. g s.: eisinnraic leithi `half unworthy', Laws i 116.3 Comm . a gilla glomhuir amuil a amhus lethe (some kind of a servant), ii 26.5 Comm . roinn leithe ar anbhuain Eirenn a bisection, O'Gr. Cat. 464.12 . do gheall tú roinn leatha dhamh ann do thír, Dhá Sgéal Art. 800.

(f) In vaguer sense part, division : cechtar in da leithe sin `each of those two parts', gl. in duas partes diuidere (of the word uires), Sg. 25b6 . is Persa bar leath share(?), Alex. 191. in leath budh mō da rīge, Ériu iv 178 § 32.

In phrases.

II

(a) In phr. co le(i)th and a half : noichtiche co lleuth 29½ days, BCr. 3c ( Thes. ii 10.5 ). sith mbliadhna co l.¤ , AU 1128 (ii 120.12) . fri ré bliadna co lleith, LU 1279 (H). dí ungi co leith, RC x 62.1 . tri huairi dec co ll.¤ , MacCarthy 46.3 . bliadhain go leith, TD 32.40 . míle go leith, Keat. Poems 1345. Meaning doubtful in: dia tí íasc i n-inbera rot bía hé[u] co lleith araile. Dia tí iall a mmag rot bía caúth co lleith araile, LU 5646 ( TBC-I¹ 1168 ) = co leth arale . . . colleith arailiu, ZCP ix 148 - 9 = dia foígela énflaith . . .co lleith alailiu . . . Día tomna . . . iasc . . . co leith arailiu, LU 5526 = co leith allaile . . . co lleth arailiu, TBC-I¹ 1043 = colleith alailiu . . . colleth alailiu, ZCP ix 145.38 . See TBC-LL¹ 1830 ff ., where Windisch's literal translation (see n. 0 ) with the other half (which makes up the pair) does not seem possible; araile, -iu, etc. may have belonged originally to the beginning of the next sentence (see Fasc. A 119.11 ff ), and hé[u] co l.¤ may be a hyperbole.

(b) In phr. for (ar) le(i)th: fer for l.¤ Connacht `more than half the Connaughtmen', Cóir Anm. 251 . gur cosain . . . treab ar l.¤ Alpan dó, IT, ii2 123.32 . ceall ar l.¤ ceall `one more than half of the churches', RC xiv 30 § 8 . duine ar leith fer nErenn, SG 20.36 . triar for leith a sluag foracbaiset half their army plus three, RC vi 188.13 .

Compds.

In meaning A.

(a) Perh. in sense of -sided in: lethchil .i. lethchlāen, Corm. Y 318 . gruaidh leathchorcra ar lí na subh, L. Cl. A. B. 193.90 . drech lethderg lethgabur (description of Conall Cernach), LU 8636 ( FB 47 ). do Meidbh Lethdeirg, ZCP xi 42 § 28 . do thaeb lethḟas bare, Mart. Tall. 112.1 . druim na leirge leathfholamh, Aithd. D. 20.26 . it é lethgabra amal Conall Cernach, BDD² 1150 , taken in BDD and by Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 as subst. ` centaur ', cf. lethghabar .i. lethech, H 3.18, 532.14 ; but cf. gabar .i. solus, Lec. Gl. 536 and see 2 gabor. as aigi-siomh fil in drec[h] lethgabar (of Genonn Gruadṡolus), TBC St. 4500. ag goradh a ghruaidh leithghil, L. Cl. A. B. 90.78 . Luoch Lethglass . . . lethglass e o talmain go mullach a cinn green-sided(?), RC xii 100 § 136. ? Dun da Lethglas, IT iii 40 § 34 (see Hog. Onom.). senchas lethmáel `pointless', Metr. Dinds. iv 24.24 . sluagh lethodar, Leb. Cert. 4.16 . ? bloscad inna gréne frisinna margánu lethrati, ZCP viii 175.24 . cuing leth-remor 'na leth-leirg `broad-flanked', Metr. Dinds. ii 46.10 .

(b) More partic. ¤ard etc. lit. (high) at one side, hence uneven, unequal: measam laidi (leg. lige) lethard lopsided, ZCP xvii 69 § 9 = ACL iii 230.155 . Usually in more abstr. sense unequal, unfair , etc.: claen cach lethard, O'Curry 351 ( H 3.18, 193b ). dire l., BCrólige 5 . tacra la leath-ard n-ae `to plead in support of an unequal cause', Laws v 252.11 . In Laws Comm. freq. lethairde: fo comairdi no fo leithairde `equally or unequally', iii 270.7 . comhroinnter eturru fein fo lethairde unequally, iv 254.11 Comm . ba lethard cundartha / ba tomus lettromm `an unequal contract, uneven measure', MacCongl. 73.29 - 30 . cid lethard a ngrād, BColm. 34.1 . im lethard rainne unfair division(?), ZCP xii 365.2 . ba lethfota a lám one of his arms was longer than the other, iii 218 § 24 . adhaigh is lá go leathfhada `of unequal length', Aithd. D. 61.20 . nī bu leithísel in mám down at one side, Hy. v 56. Hence with certain adjj. of defective rhymes: coic fodhla arē ccuibdes oll: / leathfoda, leathtend, leathtrom, / bruilingicht, nī bec in col, / let[h]garbh gin a lesugud, ZCP xii 295 § 6. See lettrom etc.

(c) Hence with nouns meaning judgement, opinion, contract etc. onesided, partial, prejudiced: ar n-aonbhrath breithimh-ne san Luan ní bu leathaighne partial advocate, Aithd. D. 55.7 . leathbháidh fil agat re hÓ F., Maguires of F. 18 . can lethbreath iter saidbir ┐ daidbir impartial, YBL 167b39 . ar in lethbreth ruc A. imon ubull orda, Aen. 211 . leith-bhreath le báidh ní bhéara Ó Fearadhaigh, DDána 109.20 . leithbr[ia]thar accusation(?), Acall. 7995. masa lethbrostu . . . no masa combrostu setting-on on one side (of dogs fighting), Laws iii 196.1 Comm . cia lethcoimpert i n-airbert breithe (improper behaviour in a judge), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ) = O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20 ), see ZCP xv 355 . arin lethcumaid dorōine sé ara brōgaib fēin sech brōgaib na manach the partial treatment he gave to his own shoes, ZCP iii 33.6 . lethchuma ar Ghilla Dé / ní cuibe do'n té dogní `an injustice to G.D.', SG 284.5 . do leath-chumaidh ar an gcuid oile don mheithil unfairly, TSh. 10134 . lethedargaire, MR 262.23 . is fer lethetrana do chuaid etarru biassed mediator, Laws iii 196.11 Comm . in t-ochtmad aithne:— na dena leth-fhiadnaise false witness, PH 7619. leath-ghrádh oide idir dhaltaibh favouritism, Content. xiv 13 . Cf. (adj.) dá gcor i sochar leith-leasach dhóibh féin to their own advantage, TSh. 7103. ? freagra do lethluith, O'Dav. 1510 . bíd in éudach coitchenn gan lethpháirt ar bioth `partiality' (i.e. particularity), RSClára 73b . Cf. leathrannach partial, unfair, Eochairsg. 11.31 . partial (poetic) knowledge : nemṡós, lethṡós, lánṡós 'no knowledge, partial knowledge, full knowledge' Ériu xxxii 62 § 1 . ro gníd lethinacht (= lethṡmacht) mór fair injustice, LL 217a33 ( TTr. 22 ). Cf. doghnid Ioip lethsmacht aturu, D IV 2, 26rb48 = BB 4a21 = 411b26 . ni dhearnaidh leathtrom na leathsmacht, 23 E 26, 289.11 . Hence: mad fleteg ledmagtach dogneid dind æclis, Wb. 11d16 (`factions', Gwynn, Hermathena xx 63 ). aighi (aigne ?) lethsmachtach partial advocate(?), ZCP xii 364.27 . brethem beris breith for leth tagra cin imaidbi without hearing both sides(?), Laws v 354.1 . See leithscél, etc. With similar shade of meaning in adjj.: ro bátar leithriata uile fri Poimp ar tus [cein] co táinic Césair `on the side of P.', CCath. 1244 (leitreta, v.l.) is mor is lethreta in cined doenna frisiṅ dualaig-sin in ecnaig inclined to, PH 6876.

(d) Pleonastically with words meaning side, edge, border. The following examples properly belong to sense B and should be considered under (f) Ériu liii 179-80 : dar let[h]bord in longpuirt `edge', CCath. 5431 . lámh le leathbhord along the frontier, DDána 96.13 . i leithimeal Mhuidhe Dermuidhe, Flower Cat. 471.32 . fa leithimel Conmaicne, AFM vi 1882.4 . medhōn idir dhā leithimell do chonngbhāil between two extremes, Celtica i 194.1078 . Cf. frém lethimeallach an láidaigáin `the exterior radix of the little finger', O'Gr. Cat. 287.31 . nirbo fota ro bai an cath can dul do lethleth `inclining to one of the two sides', CCath. 5742 . do leith-leith na sligedh `on each side of the road', Fl. Earls 162.4 . leithreadh .i. leithleith. robdar leithreadha .i. dochuadar do leithleith, no dén táobh, O'Cl. `leath-luighe leaning', Eg. Gl. 421. See lettáeb, etc.

In meaning B.

(a) In a variety of compds. in meaning half: fer lethbali, MU² 195 (`half-township', Gloss.). bith for lethbargin `a half-ration of bread', Ériu vii 162.z . ? midben .i. lethben nó lethuagh fobīth in toraind bis iter indalæ ben de, O'Mulc. 823 . samaisc i llethbeirt half a bundle, Críth G. 213. ailid cach ben . . . lethbiathad a ceile di `half the refection', BCrólige 56 . ? for lethblai baíth, LL 211a7 (see Metr. Dinds. ii 20.48 ). leth-chanóin `demi-cannon', AFM v 1732.13 . lethcoir n-urnadma `das halbe Ordnungsmässige der Antrauung', Ir. Recht 37.20 . mad lechur (= leth-chur) .i. forgiallnai, O'Curry 829 ( H 3.18, 380 ). fosuididter in ben lethdam in fir half the husband's retinue, Laws ii 386.6 . lethdei = semidei, Auraic. 2920 . lethdrécht . . . i ngort `a half-day's labour', Críth G. 84 (see note). a ndo[ro]chair . . . de lethdoinib . . . dineoch nad roacht cridiu cathae shirkers(?), RC xii 104 § 148 . Cf. co torchair fer ┐ lethfer fer nÉrenn leis, Comp. CC 109.18 , perh. a mere turn of phrase, cf. ech ┐ letheach fer nÉrenn, 11 . lethfeidm laech `half effort', Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 7 . aire forgill in lethḟira `des Halb Schwurs', Cóic Con. 38 § 52 . do leith fitt `half-ration', Mon. Tall. 156.20 . lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe, Laws iv 350.12 . Christo tantum seruit .i. cen ledfognam coiugio without partial service coniugio , Wb. 10a24 . ? dlighidh saerbiathad deisi, ┐ boin lethgabala `a cow of the second quality', Laws iv 350.y . geni gaba acht lethgabail de, 212.z . aithgin cona lethgabail diabulta `with double half-seizure', v 168.4 Comm . a lethgabol (-ál ?) étaig do brutt `half of clothes for mantle', Ériu i 220 § 14 . ¤gáe half-length spear, short spear(?) (possibly one of a pair of spears) : i suainem in let[h]ga letartaigh, CCath. 5598 . lethgai londrecha lasamna, TTebe 1400 . do lethgāethib lethna lict[h]i `half-spears for throwing', Fianaig. 90.1 . an tres fross do lethghaibh, TFrag. 182.6 . ¤Gall Of people of the Hebrides ( Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 14 ): uainn do Lethghallaibh léig[idh], Celtica x 196 § 11 . abbas Leithglinne, AU 639 . in Leth-innsi, 1412 (iii 64.2) . leathloghadh (opp. to lánloghadh) `partial indulgence', Mac Aingil 6421 . ? fri tōeb in lāir leithlessi (-lisse, v.l.) `half-ruined fort', Ériu vii 2.17 . nocht-aile isin lethmachaire `half (cleared) plain', O'Dav. 963 , cf. Laws iv 72.18 Comm ; 'pastureland occasionally tilled (?)' Landscape Archaeology in Ireland 248 . leathnomen = lesainm, ZCP iii 226.13 , cf. leth-ainm fir annatha, Anecd. ii 52.6 . lethol n-ais ó cach airig, Irish Texts i 19 § 5 . fuillem cacha leth-oile, Laws v 414.1 . cét lóeg ┐ di lethorc half-grown pigs (?), LU 6930 ( BDD 54 ). for hErainn cen lethrainn undivided, SR 2351 (cf. Wortk. vi 949 ). Bicair Leth-ratha, AU 1490 (iii 346.4) . cosc sair ┐ dair ┐ lethair 'half-noble' = lethṡáer, Celtica xxiv 38 . a laim leathaer sealba, CIH i 210.25 . .i. i lethsuir na selba, 211.1 . Cf. CIH v 1861.16, 18 , vi 2020.18, 19 . tri gnuidh do lea[th]scoilteach `half-cleavings', IT iii 196.6 . ic leithṡeolad ┐ ic lánṡeolad ri lethgaethaib with shortened sail (?), LL 236a33 - 4 ( TTr. 1431 ). leith slighidh half way, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 30.24 . emisperium .i. letspeir, Ir. Astr. Tr. 88.12 . ni tairgend a hathair lethtinol le, Ir. Recht 37.22 . cutrumu leth-tochusa in fir gusa teit `half the property,' Laws v 290.6 Comm . ní fhuaras . . . / leath-tail óm chéill chorpardha `I have not found even grudging obedience', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 11 . letorud . . . asin chulid half-produce, Lism. L. 321.16 . ? tech . . . amal bid lethuaim aicenta, ZCP xvii 232.4 .

(b) With names of measures, numbers, periods of time, etc.: leathbhannlá, Párl. na mB. 558 . hi cciunn lethbliadna, RC xxvi 366.18 . tri lethcheat do feraibh Airghiall, 150 men, ZCP xiv 234.12 . fiche bairghen . . . san leithcheathramhain, L. Cl. A. B. 46.15 . adopart teora lethindli trea thír Patricio, Thes. ii 239.6 ( Ardm. 17b ). cetra lá ┐ leith-seachtmuin, Acall. 775 . tigerna na Le[th]-Trian, AU 1538 (iii 620.10) . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 ( Thes. ii 14 ). fri re leth-uaire, PH 2475.

(c) With names of units of value: ledhcethramuine mir a cuidach do chuit S., Trans. RIA xv 19.23 . secht leth-cumala, O'Dav. 746 . leth-cumal i mmuin in tanaise, Laws v 400.x . leithdhéighe ar dhuine ealadhan dá ngealltar eich ┐ ba dhó, L. Cl. A. B. 45.9 . bo ag leth-loige, Laws v 402.z . ledhmharg, Trans. RIA xv 29.4 . lethmiach, O'Curry 1557 ( BB 185bb ). lethpinginn ar lacht caerach, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191 ). fere obillo dignus .i. ní ferr lethscripul, Sg. 49b10 . screpall cach eledna, no leth-screpall cach nem-eledna, Laws v 334.24 Comm . is let[h]sét inna lóg-side, Ériu xvii 70 § 10. na .v. lethuinge, BCrólige 20 gl. 5 . dorat side .xxx. leth-unga n-argaid da cind, BB 237b22 .

(d) With names of fines, penalties, fees etc.: lethaithgein moíne móges, Críth G. 273 . leth-fir testa leth-arra `half the proof of witness or half-security', Laws ii 92.8 Comm . dligid Ū Gusān cáin a deorad ┐ lethc[h]āin urrad ó ríg Midhi, BColm. 64.25 . a lethdilsi ar .iii. biaduibh co leth mbidh `half forfeiture', Laws ii 264.21 - 22 Comm . lethdire cro otrusa, BCrólige 6 . leithdíri da blāi-neimthib, Cáin Ad. 36 . letheiric otrusa cro gac fir di[a] mnai `half the penalty', BCrólige 6 gl. 4 . laneneclann don mac ina athair, letheneclann do ina senathair, Ir. Recht 40.22 . mād étged nō anfes, lethfīach ind, Cáin Ad. 35 . ioctar lethfiach anfocail ria, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4a ). im aradain ┐ im lethfrichnam na trebaire `half the service of the husbandry', Laws ii 392.12 Comm . leth-fuillem gill cauich (= cuaich) cach rig do chuuch cach airech, v 412.11 . lan gille ┐ lethgille, i 260.19 . na dlegat lethiarra doib `are not entitled to half fosterage-fee', 198.2 . bedidh leth lan (lethlán ?) ngell do tuit for cach, ii 136.17 . lethlóg [n-]enech cach gráid túaithe, Críth G. 217 . direanur lethriaruib beusuib cétgiallna, O'D. 510 ( H 3.17, 415 ). do-beir lethsmacht ina sarugud, Ir. Recht 37.21 .

(e) With names of phonetic and metrical features: leath-aimser for taebomnaib half-length, Auraic. 1211 . áram f la lethguthaigthi `semivowels', Sg. 6a10 . in[n]a lethguta cetus .i. f, l, m, n, r, s, x, Auraic. 2904 . leathgutta ┐ mudi, 344 . it cosmaili a ndī lethc[h]omarc half-quatrains, Corm. Y 574 , cf. O'Mulc. 391 . cati a lethc[h]omarc ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.9) . lethcuibdius `an internal half-rhyme', Auraic. 3839 . dechnad mór ┐ lethdechnad (a metre), IT iii 6 § 5. lethmíbasc name of a metre, 49 § 89 . ni chuille luthbas lethnath (kind of poem ?), Ériu xiii 18.18 ( O'Dav. 1164 ). in lethrand hīsiu dano .i. imommloiscet mo dā n-ō prūll— caiti a lethrann ? what is its corresponding couplet ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.20) . ina lethrann tuíseach, IT iii 7 n.3 , see p. 128 . gēb-sa lethrand dús in ba cubaid frissa ṅgēba-som, Fing. R. 119. With rannaigecht of metres with shortened line: leth-randaigecht mor corranach, IT iii 82 § 63 . cumasc leth-randaigechta moiri ┐ rindairde, § 64.

(f) With names of things existing or thought of in pairs. See also examples listed above in section (d). Of parts of the body: lethail (óil) gl. mala, Ir. Gl. 90 . i lleithóil a meic `one of her son's cheeks', Cáin Ad. 12 . flesc . . . . do erissem dia lethlaim furi ┐ lorc isind laim aili `so that their one hand may rest on it', Ml. 45c9 . a lethchoss geidh you one-legged goose (lit. one leg of a goose), IT iii 102 § 190 . for lethcois ┐ letsuil standing on one foot and with one eye closed, RC xii 98 § 129 . co tard a leathgúalainn fria hursaind in tigi, BDD² 542 . dligid in rí a leathgualainn 'the king is entitled to sit beside him', Leb. Cert.² 583 . fó a leth-oscail deis, ZCP v 526.24 . tuc buille ina lethchíg shoiscéla, SG 41.4 . mó ná both leptha a lethchlúas, Metr. Dinds. iv 138.74 . ma ro benad a lethchos, no a lethlam . . . do duine no lethbel, Laws iii 348.11 - 12 Comm . dlighid dno ri A. . . . leathlaimh rig Erend ig ol ┐ ac aenach to be beside, BB 274a4 . ┐ se baccach, leth-roisc, PH 620 . lethsciath `one of thy wings', RC xx 48.6 . ro-s-bensat a leth-shuil ṅdeiss asa chind, PH 553 . gallgha dan lán do leathdorn, DDána 84.45 . a leathára ┐ íth muice, L. Cl. A. B. 45.11 . leathuille dheas Í Dhomhnoill, TD 27.20 . ócc-laech leth-ruisc clí, BNnÉ 94.8 . stuadhus a lethghlún . . . ar bhéaluibh Ḟinn, CF 253 (Eg.) = a glun deas, text. In B. na f.: lethrend .i. lethchos: dā lú is lethrend dībh co losc, ZCP v 484 § 6. Of weapons: 'na leathgrúaidh, Duan. F. ii 224 § 7 . im chechtar a da lethdorn in chlaidib, LL 237b38 ( TTr. 1548 ). Fig. leathlámh, a Dhé, im dhál distress my portion, Aithd. D. 52.1 . ? tríocha laoch gan leathlámha, DDána 86.32 . In deriv. adjj.: misi . . . co leath-lámach, MR 308.7 . tri náimhde . . . lethṡúilecha one-eyed, Acall. 6248. Less exactly with names of other parts of the body: baluid dia lethagid in luirg, TBC-LL¹ 651 . imspelip dano .i. bīd folt cechtar na dā lethc[h]end on each side of the head, Corm. Y 1091 . bit lir . . . renda nime far leithchind ┐ far lethchloigind, BDD² 861 - 2 . lamha leoiti ┐ leithcind letarda, CCath. 3179 . dar leit[h]cenn Sleibi Ois, 4770 . tecmait da sleig inna dib leth-foltaib two tresses(?), LU 4359 . gidh a leathfolt gidh a lanfolt gatar du duine, O'D. 2334 ( Rawl. 506, 36 ). gur leadair in leath-ucht ┐ in leath-bhruinne, MR 300.1 . ro ber[r]tha a lethu[l]chi, SR 6720 (= rasit . . . dimidiam partem barbae, 2 Reg. x 4 ). conda tarla fora lethbeólu lopsided, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). Note also the adj. lethcholpthach of a defective cow injured in a leg, limping(?): mat leth-colpthach, O'Curry 250 ( H 3.18, 145a ). intan . . . ropo lethcolb in set, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191b ) = O'D. 662 ( H 3.17, 492a ). cid caoch cíd lethcolptach iat, O'D. 855 ( H 3.17, 609 ). cid lecholb, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16b ). cid lethcolpach iat, O'D. 1646 ( H 5.15, 20a ). Cf. intan roba chaech no crín no bacach in sét, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16 ).

With a large variety of other nouns in sense of one of two, one of a pair : ní thuc acht lethassa imme `one shoe', Fél. 12.28 . doníter long . . . do lethblaeisc na huidhi (leg. huighe) sin one half-shell, RC xxiv 377.5 . iall lethbraigi (= bróice), IT iii 81 § 59 . gabaid leithchenn na cloiche, Acall. 2176. genelach húa nEchach Coba ┐ is iat-side let[h]chenēl (lethcenelach, v.l.) Dāl nAraidi, Corp. Gen. 326 (162b13) . dobered-sum lethcluiche forra he would win his game from them, RC v 199.27 . lethcnaim a rig, Laws v 354.5 . led-chollbe flatho `one of the two pillars of the kingdom', Wb. 23d31 . lethcholbe flatho .i. Brigit, Thes. ii 326.3 ( Hy. iv 9 ). leathchonchlonn eile an Íobhail `the Jew's companion', Aithd. D. 94.3 . lethchosmailius lesom inso trisa cotarsnae one member of a comparison, Ml. 30d19 . 37d10 . ro gab a leth-chuarán de, Lib. Hymn. i 187.32 . dom leathchuing fhir ealadhna to my fellow-poet, DDána 76.21 , cf. Aithd. D. 13.22 . nochar leathchumthach leanna / A. `no solitary drinker of his feast', Aithd. D. 42.11 . dá leath-dhlaoi an dréimire the two uprights, TSh. 10832 . tainic ar inchaibh a lethemain `his twin brother', CCath. 2068 . lethén in eóin allmaraig the foreign bird's mate, GJ iv 42b22 . claideb lethḟáebair one-edged, TBC-LL¹ 1718 . aos lethḟaobhoir, ZCP x 285.6 . Cf. cletine .i. lethfaobrach, O'Dav. 568 . is lethgabail flatha fri hEoganacht they are entitled to kingship in turn, Irish Texts i 21 § 13 . leithgenelach D. pedigree on the other side, ZCP xiv 70.6 . is do leithgenelaig fer nGréc dóib, Dinds. 128 = do Greccaib a llethcinel, Bodl. Dinds. 14. fria lethéill a bróci do bein de, MacCongl. 47.9 . smacht lethime one side of a boundary-fence(?), Laws v 270.21 Comm .; y Comm . leathlámhann (sic leg.) one glove, Eochairsg. 64.29 . leathmharcach `fellow-horseman', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 406.8 . lethmuincille, RC xxvi 362.6 . a braithre . . . da mharbadh tre leathol fleghi having shared a feast, Caithr. CC 2 (leg. ḟleadhól? But cf. lethdeog fri caindli sorcha, Anecd. i 14.16 = SCano 480 ). Cf. (adj.) iairmeirgi ḟuar leathrannach `nocturns that equally divide (the night)', Acall. 2963 v.l. ( SG ii 178 ) = ZCP vi 271.10 . Indrechtach . . . lethríg Ulad `one of the two kings of U.', Ann. Inisf. 835 . drem na llethríg, Arch. Hib. ii 50 § 32 . leithrí-sede na Mirmidonda `one of the two kings', LL 240a35 ( TTr. 1741 ). i n-aghaidh an fhir do ríoghais / . . . / leithrí má do-ní do námha a rival king, Aithd. D. 31.18 . C. lethrí Ciarraighe do marbadh . . . do ríg na leithe aile do Ciarraigi, RC xvii 397.7 (Tig.). ro chosain Eocho lethrīgi nUlad īar sin fri Muridach, Aided Echach 202 §6 . i leithríge in tsída fri Fiachna sharing the kingdom, SG 57.25 . G. . . . leaththuiseach don cluichi `one of the two leaders', Ériu xii 142.26 . lethorsa gacha tigi oil door-post, Fen. 166.1 .

(g) With various adjj.: fōcra lethamnas, ACL iii 295 § 24. lethbaiti `half-drowned', Aen. 268 . co torchair sís lethbéo, Trip.² 1505 . na daoine leithbheó dying, TSh. 5698 . doroich . . . in ri cusind epscop ┐ se leth-brec half-speckled with fire, RC xxvi 366.18 . lethchaech gl. monoculosus, Ir. Gl. 624 . cailleach lethchāech, ZCP v 22 § 8 . da mbeth fír occa . . . dam[b]adh gó . . . dam[b]ad lethchintach, IT iii 191 § 20 . cith lethchomnart a n-ude half as strong, ZCP xiii 374.13 (= xx 221 ). lethchosgarthai gl. semirutas, Ml. 128b5 . With -chuind (g s. of cond sense) legal of persons non compos mentis: athgabail fir lethcuind, Laws i 200.29 . ainm do amadan . . . in fer lethcuinn, O'Dav. 485 . o murcuirthi leth-cuind, Laws v 82.12 Comm . Cf. co nderna lethincinn di ar mbrisiudh a leithchinn, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n.2 . in cetraime lethdedenach second last, IT iii 74 § 34. leithdeimhin `almost certain', Mac Aingil 2424 . re h-anaicentacht leis na lend-brat . . . leth-fada half-long, MR 180.13 . Treithne Leth[g]leór, LL 4917 . Eithne lethgleoir, Rawl. 134b12 . is hé lethgleóir leithinchind lamfota, TBC-LL¹ 5400 = TBC St. 4408. leithghléoir .i. leathshúil ghlóire. laoch leithghleoir, O'Cl. a siriti lethguill, LU 8879 ( FB 67 ). Sothṅge lethgot (n. pr. f.), Rawl. 134b19 . Leath-lobar mac Find, RC xvii 340.x (Tig.). ledmarb gl. emortuum, Wb. 2c26 . a brathair ledarthi leathmarb, TTebe 1013 . coin brena lethoma, LU 2200 ( FA 28 ). lethshathach gl. semisatur, Ir. Gl. 403 . fear uirísiol bean uasal . . . clann leathuasal tig uatha, Párl. na mB. 577 . anní do tindsgnadh atá sé leathullamh, Carswell 16.12 . This prob. also the sense in lethtenn, lethtrom and lethḟota of consonants in the poem in ZCP xii 295 ( daur, gort, bethe . . . / do leith for leith is leathtroum, § 2 ). ngetal, luiss, ruis cona rinn, | nin ┐ muin ... | ... | fedha lettenna, ZCP xii 295 § 3 . fern is coll is tinne tra | ... | donī in trīan sin ... | lethtenn lān is lāncuibdes, ZCP xii 295 § 4 . coic fodhla ar ēccuibdes oll: leathfoda, leathtend, lethtrom, ZCP xii 295 § 6 . With adv.: lesdruim .i. leas uait [┐ fris] cucut, no leatarsna darin druim bis aicmi muine, Auraic. 988 (i.e. the Ogam notches of the m-group transverse the ridge).

In legal contexts: a mic ro gialla, ni cuirthe curu leathfas, O'Curry 1751 ( 23 Q 6, 33b ). ni cuirther curu lethfasa, O'Curry 1064 ( H 3.18 , 440a ). medon-lax .i. leth-lax, O'Curry 114 ( H 3.18, 72 ). cia leth coimperta indarbthar breithemnas no airbert ae leth-balbh teanga ┐rl. .i. comaircim cia in lucht comairbertnaigther don dara leth um an ae um an caingin, O'Curry 1608 ( 23 Q 6, 5a ) `halb Stummzungige', ZCP xv 355. Similarly: cia leth coimpert inarbtha brethe no airbert ae .i. comaircim cia an lucht comairbertnaigter don dara leth uman ae uman caingin ┐ inarbtar o airbert fethamhnais ┐ brethemnais iad .i. lethbhalb tengaid ┐ lethloisc n-eoluis ┐ lethanbal n-ae, O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20a ), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ), O'D. 1657 ( H 5.15, 22 ), O'D. 1658 (ibid.). fer medongaite leth-indlidhach in ceile `half-unlawful', Laws v 218.17 Comm . O'Curry 2154 - 5 ( Eg. 88, 4a ), O'Curry 2156 ( Eg. 88, 4a ).

(h) Rarely with verbs (mainly for alliteration): cor ben a heochair dar suil Cormaic co ro lethchaech hé, Laws iii 84.1 (Introd. to Lebar Aicle). Ulaidh leis mar leathghabhaid when the Ulaidh take his side, Aithd. D. 20.20 . rí dá lógh do leathtolladh whose side was pierced, 60.2 . ro leithbrisedh ┐ ro lángabhadh an baile, AFM v 1658.20 .

In many nn. loc., both as subst. and as first element of compds. See Hog. Onom.

1 líach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 líach or dil.ie/30105

 

I as adj. [o, ā, rare in attrib. use]: pitiful, wretched, grievous : nibo l.¤ dano a marbad, Wb. 4a12 . ba liach a n-épeltu, 4d20 . is l.¤ a orguin, BDD 66 . l.¤ a écnach na écmais, TBC-LL¹ 816 . bá líag ám dait-siu . . . na derṅtá . . . `schmählich', 5757 . ní l.¤ cíambad ed no harm that it should be so, MU² 140 . tul-mag bad l.¤ do lot báig, Metr. Dinds. i 6.4 . cend gascid clainne h-adaim, l.¤ a ḟascin i mbaegul, LL 244b25 ( TTr. 2074 ). ní bo l.¤ no betis fris / slúaig Érenn ní cotéltis, Airne F. 24 . bídh l.¤ bidh fir bidh follas, BB 233a35 ( Irish Texts iii 2.10 ). ni fil and bas liach don dail / i ndiaid Illaind meic Scanlain, Anecd. i 13.9 . ba liach . . . in scél sin .i. folt Sámsoin do thescud dia namtib, LB 127b28 . liach a ghuin do ghlasghallaibh, L. Cl. A. B. 24.13 (cf. BB 50b29 ). cuid dá docroibh as liach liom / 'ga lotghoin tar iath Éirionn, L. Cl. A. B. 139.15 . is liach gan annsa d'admháil, DDána 46.2 . ro badh liach do sochaidhibh muicherchra an tí testa, AFM vi 2296.20 . liach .i. doilig, Stowe Gl. 446 . liach .i. doilich, Lec. Gl. 44 ( liach .i. caín, M 84 ).

Attrib.: creach liach lointeach, IT iii 98 § 158.

Compar. ni bu liachu side limsa, for Ingcél, indás ind orcuin, BDD 54.

II As subst.: woe, cause of sorrow, bad tidings : ba liach ua coimḟind Cellaig alas for, Bruchst. i 48 § 106 ( AFM i 512.13 .) ba liach ua Cathail , Bruchst. i 52 § 114 ( AFM i 538.22 ). mor liach Cinaed, Bruchst. i 49 § 109 ( AFM i 520.10 ). mor liach Muiredach, Bruchst. 51 § 113 ( AFM i 532.5 ). ?spreagadh gér goirt / . . . fan gcreabhar gcaoch / dar leanadh l.¤ (fan leoman líath, v.l.) which woe pursued, Irish Texts i 29 § 33 . mor mairg mor liach iurad an Athairne ollbladaich, RC xxiv 284.6 . fer da l.¤ a man of two woes (i.e. an orphan), RC xiii 452.6 ( ZCP viii 303.30 ). liách .i. scel no doilig, Cóir Anm. 43 . mor in liach C. do ecnach, TBC-LL¹ p. 587 n . in gnim dorinne Judas ba l.¤ ┐ ba galgat, Ériu i 41 § 4 , cf. galgat .i. liach . . . mor ngalgat .i. mór liach, O'Mulc. 689 . liach ní as doilidh no as olc le duine, O'Cl. ionann liach ┐ scéal doiligh, Keat. ii 4240 . lá na liach `day of sighs' ( = Doomsday), Ó Bruad. i 8.19 . badh dhealg na chliabh gach liach dá n-uichtghéimnigh, iii 122. 12 . liacha (n p.) a leithéide, 14 . mo l.¤ léigfiod . . . go mac D. `I shall send my cry of woe . . . unto the Mac D.', 202.1 .

In legal context: do beir aite liach `the foster-father makes hard complaint', Laws ii 164.15 Comm .

Compds.: ¤laoi elegy or lamentation, P. O'C. ¤móit: cend and righ o dóid co dóid / cia lín ris nach bud liachmóid, Irish Texts ii 13. 21 .

2 lín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 lín or dil.ie/30234
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: lined

n o, n. (Lat. linum ?). Note also g s. lined, LB 129a5 . m., IGT Decl. § 96.

I linen, cloth, thread : bar ar slegaib . . . go suanemnaib l.¤ lanchatut indi, TBC-LL¹ 3572 . línanarta l.¤ lángela, 5045 . lin a linio (leg. lino), Corm. Y 822 , with which compare: in-étgud, ephud lineo (:gleo), SR 6206 = efud lined, LB 129a5 . co caslaib l.¤ gil impu, LU 1971 ( FA 4 ). cassal l.¤ gil, Ériu ii 204.6 . cuicel lin, Laws i 152.16 Comm . ro héted . . . ó etach l.¤ gil he, PH 470 . ross is ael is lin lanchuir `flax thread of full twist' (materials of Nimrod's Tower), Auraic. 297 . cubat do lénid l.¤ / im chorpán cach duine díb, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 15 . do ghabhdar na fóirne . . . lámha um na leabharliontaibh (-t[h]eduib, ML² 684 ) `long flaxen ropes', ML 46.24 . ceand l.¤ end of flaxen rope (?), IGT Decl. ex. 510 . cuirfidh an sagart a chualaidh l.¤ uime, Levit. vi 10.

II Of the crop flax, plant of flax : cuscuta .i. in claman lin dodder, ACL i 328 § 81 . a scuapaib lin, Laws ii 372.17 . flesc lin .i. da flescther in lin, i 152.15 Comm . an tan loisgthear an líon lais, TSh. 419 . do búaileadh an líon ┐ an eórna, Exodus ix 31 . do fholuigh íad lé loirgnibh l.¤ , Joshua ii 6. See also barrach.

Of other plants, see Hog. Luibhl.

III

(a) fishing-net: l.¤ gl. rete, Sg. 46b2 . cenelae lin gl. cassis, 24b2 . mocol l.¤ gl. subtel, PCr. 28b , Sg. 63a12 . lína gl. retia, Ml. 39d17 . l.¤ uiscí gl. rete, Ir. Gl. 863 . im corus l.¤ , Laws i 122.15 . aen-tarraing in lin, v 484.10 Comm . a llos a l.¤ is a craind, LU 3071 ( SG 236.9 ). poni na lína isin usci, ┐ fogebthai bratan indib, Irish Texts i 17.7 . tar mocoll ind l.¤ , RC x 60.13 . lína lána ó uscib, LL 215a28 . oc telach a llin ┐ a chocholl, BB 405.33 ( Dinds. 104 ). l.¤ éisc, RC xiv 44.13 . gan soc[h]ar o linn ag líon, Rel. Celt. ii 238.27 . is slán entarraing nó entadall in lind cid l.¤ gabala `a net of catching', O'Dav. 975 . i líon tarraing 'into the dragnet', Giolla Brighde 56 § 14 . líon breac 'trout-net', Giolla Brighde 56 § 14 . a líon breacraidh 'their trout-net', Giolla Brighde 242 § 24 . l.¤ gabala eisc, Rosa Angl. 78.4 . fear l.¤ fisherman, O'Hara 2650.

(b) hunting-net: glenaid luch inna línsam (of cat), Thes. ii 293.20 . lína fíadaigh, Acall. 4424 . do chóirig a línta, 4428 . .l. lín fri haige altai, SCano 9 .

Of spider's web: líon an damháin ealluidh, Mac Aingil 2146 . coimtiugh re l.¤ an damain allaid, Rosa Angl. 78.6 .

(c) In fig. uses: is hed isin a llínn ingaib diabul peccatores gl. in laqueum diabuli, Wb. 29b19 . lin mbretheman .i. faill ┐ elgnais, O'Curry 618 ( H 3.18, 299 ). do-gabais al-l.¤ diabuil . . . he, PH 7708 . is l.¤ do ḟastad (of Hell), ZCP iv 243.10 . am lion tarla an file féin, IGT Decl. ex. 1151 . an líon tarraing i dtá sinn (of sin) drag-net, DDána 57.3 (= IGT Decl. ex. 367 ). ata an conach ina ghaisti ┐ ina lin ac an Diabhal a timchill luchta in chonaic fein, ITS xxix 147.15 . do chuir líon ngráidh ar ghabhlaibh `love-net' (Notes), Butler Poems 1989 . iomdha líon do hinnleadh uirre, DDána 32.20 .

Of relationship of Christ and saints: gabhtar leis i n-a líon sealga / San Clára fa gloine gníomh, PBocht 1 . ll.¤ ní fríoth ar feadh an domain / id chorp ionnraic óghamhail / nó gur hinnleadh a líon lais / a dhíol d'innbhear it éagmhais (of Mary), DDána 6.40 . leathan a líon, PBocht 2.11 .

In sense of protecting net : fillidh umam líon gach laoi, Dán Dé ix 12 . Of gospel: conostuicce tre l.¤ intṡoscelai dochum púirt bethad, Trip. 28.6 .

Compds. With nouns: ¤anart linen cloth : l. altóra, SG 38.21 . hi linannart brond Maire (of Christ), Thes. ii 252.10 . imsciṅg linanairt gil, TFerbe 407 . tabair dam in l. imu-m chend, PH 1871 . ¤barr linen headdress, veil : línbarr .i. caille gela, O'Dav. 1149 . ¤brat linen cloth : na línbroit, na hanartai, SR 5972 . gor bo lion-brat ledarach . . . ceinn-berti . . . gacha curad `a piece of linen', MR 266.25 . cach teg ar arabi tuigi . . . atrochair na linbrattaib dermáraib de `in immense flakes', MU 26.10 ( MU² 498 ). ? ¤chor see linchor, lingar. ¤étach linen, linen cloth : imarcraid línédaig 'ma cennuib ┐ 'ma muinelaib (of turbans), Maund. 49 . lé línédach mín ó nÉgipt, Proverbs vii 16 . Linéudach Ueronica, Parrth. Anma 5582. ¤ḟolt: lín-folt (lindfolt, LU) find forordae fair `flaxen hair', BDD 75 . ¤ḟuathróc linen apron : gabais . . . línfhuathróicc tís imme, MacCongl. 63.3 . ¤gort flax-field (as humorous n.pr.): Lene ingen Linghuirt, Anecd. ii 56.2 . ¤phaitt fig. of cow's udder: ccc. bo cranda co lin[n]paitib dubodraib, Dinds. 46 . linpaite 'na ngablaib, Metr. Dinds. iii 220.45 . ¤scóit (see scót) linen cloth, sheet: do cheangail do linscoid gil ┐ da adnaic he, YBL 145b51 = PH 2916 . da thaisbean damsa in linscoit do chuiris mo cholaind (of shroud of Christ), YBL 148b7 . atnagur línscóiti bá chend Cathail `linen sheets', MacCongl. 103.15 . ba baine linscoit lenead arna langlanad `as white as the linen of a smock', TTebe 480 . línsgoit a léned, Acall. 3710 v.l. Cf. ba baine ┐ linsccoidh láinnithe (líonsgoth lainfighthi v.l.), Ériu iv 50.14 .

With adjj.: ¤glan white as linen : leathanucht líonghlan, Hackett xxxix 253 . ¤gortach pertaining to a flax-field. As sobriquet: Lene ingen Lingortaig, Anecd. ii 56. 2 n. .

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