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1 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 acht or dil.ie/200
Last Revised: 2019

(freq. act in O. Ir. glosses). See GOI § 908 . Later ach.

I As prep. with accus. (see Ériu xvii 79 , ZCP xxv 237 , Ériu lx 137-42 )

(a) save, except (lit. outside, Thurn.): cách act tiamthe `every one save Timothy', Wb. 23d5 . bacc de echaib a.¤ serrchu, Laws ii 118.9 . a.¤ cuit naige fine, iv 194.26 . roslechtsat do Patric a.¤ cóicḟir all except five bowed to P., Trip.² 1652 . fiche a.¤ sé bliadna i.e. 14 years, LL 15069 . ar di-legad síl Dubthaig Daīl ... acht claind Moathaire 'for [all] the descendants of Dubthach the Beetle were destroyed ... except for the kindred of Mothaire', Aided Echach 96 §4 (g) (h) . di-legath síl Dubthig Dōeltengath and act cethra conchuiriu, Aided Echach 94 § 1​ . achd ré n-aithrighe d'fhagháil save that there was time for repentance, DDána 64.9 .

(b) More freq. after neg. vb. as in: act aní ropridchussa dúib (nothing) save gl. nihil . . . sapietis, Wb. 20b4 . nand asse díchenglad cor mbél . . . inge (acht, MS) nóe curu it is not proper to dissolve contracts . . . except for nine contracts . . . Ériu xvii 66 §§ 4 , 5 .

(c) Hence in sense of Engl. only, merely , etc. (cf. Fr. ne . . . que): ar ni arilsem-ni act dígail for we have deserved only punishment, Wb. 20d14 . ni bí nach dethiden foir act fognam do día his only care is to serve God, 10b9 . ni gessid . . . act búaid precepte, 26a34 . nicon chloor act for caínscél, 23b41 . connaccon bet a.¤ degnimai less so that he may have only good works, Ml. 129a9 . ní rádat som a.¤ bréic ┐ togaís they speak only lies and deceit, 31a18 . in tan nád techtat a.¤ oin aimsir `when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . nī fūar a ssēt a.¤ Maire `I have found not her like save Mary', Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). a.¤ fo thri nico rotroisci M. `that M. never fasted but thrice', Mon. Tall. 157.5 (§ 72) muna bed a.¤ don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib, Laws iv 158.5 . nach ístais biad . . . a.¤ biad Conchobair, IT i 75.15 . conna-ruc a.¤ oīnchois ūaim, Sc.M² 12 . ni boi arm la Hiruath . ... a.¤ bocṡlaitt moir, PH 850 (a.¤ bocslat mor, v.l., ZCP xiv 147.7 ). na déantar lámh dhearg a.¤let none but her be outlawed(?) Dán Dé ix 9 . nach fuil a.¤ talam ┐ luaith san cholainn daonna nothing but earth and ashes, TSh. 432 . gan a.¤ mac tíre 'na sesamh rena brollach only a wolf standing at her breast (instead of her own calf), BNnÉ 164 § 34 . Note also: dearna a láimhe a.¤ a lámh oile / clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 , where a neg. is implied (see notes).

(d) With emphasising nammá, amáin: a.¤ comparit neutair nammá gl. non inuenitur nisi neutri generis, Sg. 41a8 . act seircc ndée tantum (= nammá) gl. non quaerit quae sua sunt, Wb. 12c2 . a.¤ nammá renders Lat. nisi forte, 9d21 , 12c32 . a.¤ éolas nammá, TBFr. 392 . ní thérna díb a.¤ oenchóicer namá, BDD² 1494 . teach . . . cen dorus . . . a.¤ seinistir ┐ forleas namá a house without any door but a window and skylight only, 81 . a.¤ dá angel amáin ní bátar and, LL 291a3 . ní bhí a.¤ an moladh amháin / ní don domhan a.¤ díoláimh `save praise alone', TD 31.8 . a.¤ trōcaire Dé amhāin, Fl. Earls 134.20 .

(e) So also with follg. mad (cf. acht má as conjunction infra): a.¤ mad a claind `unless it be her (own) children' (gl. docere autem mulieri non permitto), Wb. 28b13 . ni ruc . . . claind . . . a.¤ mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . nád aithgainethar . . . a.¤ mad indred n-indligthech, Críth G. 564 . noco ria nech dib ar éc . . . a.¤ mad Essu ┐ Caleb, SR 4732 . a.¤ mad aenfer, Anecd. i 63 § 115 . indis dam firindi, riam nucha n-ebartais a.¤ mad guth ceart, Fen. 156.21 . ni bhíodh neach aga ghoire a.¤ madh na hoighe allaid `save only the deer', ZCP i 64 § 57 .

(f) Hence in adv. phrase a.¤ (mad) becc lit. except (but only) a little, hence almost: combo marb a.¤ bec until he was almost dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). a mboi de ór . . . oca a.¤ becc almost all the gold they had, PH 999 . fāsughudh C. . . . a.¤ becc `almost total devastation', RC xvii 384.23 (Tig.). corloiscit cella fer Midhi a.¤ mad becc, 389.7 .

II As conjunction

(a) In sense save only that, except that (folld. by nasalising rel. clause in O.Ir., see GOI § 503 ) (freq. with nammá): ro legsat canóin amal rundalégsam-ni a.¤ ronda-sáibset-som tantum `they have read the Scripture text as we have read it save only that they have perverted it', Ml. 24d24 . accobor la mmenmuin maid do imradud act nandléicci concupiscentia carnalis , Wb. 3d13 . Borg Emna ro tetha / a.¤ mairte a clocha `save that its stones remain', Fél. Prol. 194 . is bēlra dligthech concanat, a.¤ nat aithgnet cluasa dōine, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . a.¤ nach deachaidh tar muir Manann, riámh ní rosgabh rí ba fearr, Keat. ii 5755 . So also in the following (where rel. not marked): haue a.¤ ro noebad / do Dunlang `a grandson, save that he has been hallowed, of D.', Fél. April 11 . manid caindleóracht in tige as ail duit do chosnamh a.¤ namá bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch except that the house is more likely to catch fire than its inmates to get light, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). conrotacht . . . a tech . . . fo chosmailius na Cráebrúadi . . . a.¤ nammá ro derscaigestar a tech so . . . do thigib inna hamsiri, 8046 ( FB 1 ). coro ṡollsigset in catraig na dluma derga . . . a.¤ ni loisctís nech nama without however burning anyone, LB 152b41 .

(b) With má, mani, (see Vendryes, Ériu xvi 21f. ). With má except if, unless: act ma chotchela gl. numquid Israhel non cognouit, Wb. 5a9 . act massu made in chretem rochretsid gl. nisi frustra credidistis, 13a34 . act mad melltach lassin fer `unless it be agreeable to the husband', 9d17 . act mad óentu dúib occa gl. ex consensu, 9d22 . tír Cannain . . . / nista . . . / a.¤ ma rannait . . . / for meic iar for n-adnacul unless your sons divide it SR 4735 . ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch . . . a.¤ ma ḟrisnasar a ḟlaith, Críth G. 79 . nocho chumcaid-si imchaisin Críst a.¤ ma blasti bás ar thús, Trip.² 1147 . ní talla a léni de a.¤ mad fria huaim `he may not take off his shirt except it be to stitch it', Ériu vii 140 . Note also: a.¤ má dothísad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa, Trip.² 1354 .

(c) With mani except if . . . not. So in some early exx., but later = a.¤ má or mani: a.¤ manidchomalnid a rropridchad dúib gl. nisi forte reprobi estis (you show that God is in you except you fulfil not what has been preached to you, Wb. 18b7 . ni ba messi dogena a.¤ manimléicther ind it is not I who will do it unless I am not allowed in i.e. provided I am not forbidden to enter, RC xxv 26.9 . noco mberthar uaimse ait na halma ass (leg. a.¤ Vendryes, loc. cit.) manip aúrderg limsa, LU 5029 (TBC) unless I do not consider them visible i.e. worthy of being seen (Vendryes). a.¤ minab edrud ┐ grian, `provided it be not between thee and the sun', Ériu viii 122.28 . In follg. exx. = a.¤ má, a.¤ mani: ni segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein unless the child seems likely to die, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . fotdáilfind i n-ilpartib . . . a.¤ manibad F. were it not for F. LU 5673 (TBC). ?is mesi . . . dliges a caurathmir a.¤ mani brister anfír form unless I am treated unfairly, LU 8986 ( FB 74 ). ni raga ass . . . a.¤ manit ainge ben unless a woman protect you, 3352 ( SCC 14 ). ní maith duit imthecht t'oenur a.¤ mani[d] dáil fir no thēig, Fing. R. 91 . acht mana maidi in talam found unless the ground breaks under us, TBC-I¹ 3577 = mono thaeth (muna maidhi, muna maoighthfe v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5975 . ni ra cotail C. risin re sin, a.¤ mani chotlad fithisin ṁbic . . . C. did not sleep during that time except for a little while, 2473 = a.¤ mad mani chotlad, LU 6338 . nach fer gentor a.¤ mona bentar a cend de unless his head is cut off, RC xii 88 § 99 . a.¤ mana bera lat in topur so `unless you take away this well', Lism. L. 4669 . a.¤ muna faghbam ní dar cobair orra sin ní bia duine a mbethaid unless we can find something to protect us from them there will not be a person alive, Acall. 6174 . ní dénann urchóitt do neach acht mona derna nech urcóit di, Maund. 33 . nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11 . a.¤ munab í M. th' iarraidh, Eachtra Uill. 4300 .

(d) With cia even though, even if: act ci nip lour `even though it be not sufficient', Wb. 11d15 . nach facamur riamh roimhi, / a.¤ gér cian ar comnoide though long has been our sojourn, Ériu iv 114.32 . tu easbal dob annsa leis /. . ./ a.¤ ger ionmhuin gach easbal, Dán Dé i 9 . ba menmarc leis co mberadh buaidh a.¤ ge bhadar ced fan fer `he wished to defeat them even though they were a hundred to one', Stair Erc. 1471 . acht gidh mór do maith doronuis co ró-so, ZCP vi 67.8 . for imegla a bhāssaigthe a.¤ ge ro baoi i n-a Pāpa, Fl. Earls 206.20 . a.¤ gér laoch mear even though he was a swift warrior, LBranach 7210 . Samson, a.¤ gér chalma a neart, Éigse iv 188.71 .

(e) In conditional sense if only, provided that (folld. in O. Ir. by perfective subj. except where an impossible condition is implied, see GOI § 904 ): bíth and beos acht ropo i tuil dée `let him still abide therein provided it be in God's will', Wb. 10a25 . act ní arbarat biuth inna túari provided they eat not the foods, 10c1 . bid maith mo menmese act rocloor for cáinscéilsi `my mind will be glad provided I hear good news of you', 23d2 . atá comeisseírge act rocretem oipred dæ, 27a15 . ni imned lim act rop Crist pridches, 23b24 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea . . . a.¤ rofeasmais conair dá thig if only we knew the way to his house, BDD² 262 . a.¤ rop coir ní gellas, Críth G. 505 . a.¤ ropom airdric-se (ropa airdercsa LU), maith lim cen co bend buan acht oenlaa, TBC-I¹ 571 . ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib (sic leg.) `the lay folk deem it enough to win a place in heaven if only they have given something to their confessors', Mon. Tall. 141.16 (§ 35) . doémat na trī sailm-sea . . . acht rogabthar gach dīa, ZCP iii 30.23 . With non-perfective vb.: a.¤ ni bed úall and `if only there were no pride in it', Wb. 10b27 . nico mórbrig laisim and a.¤ ní cometestar dond accobar `he counts it no great matter provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 152.7 (§ 63) . a.¤ com-messind-se mo maccu nī diṅgentais do chride chrád if only I were able to control my sons, Fing. R. 498 . Note also: noco nindligthech do gin co tuca abad acht techtugad do breith `provided that he has brought the means of taking possession', Laws iv 4.15 .

(f) Similarly with follg. co n-: ríge láech nErend . . . dait . . . a.¤ co nderna mo chomarlisea provided thou do, LU 8114 ( FB 8 ). a.¤ cor damthar fír fer dam ol sé atbér, 9213 (94) . a.¤ co rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria provided there are sureties to satisfy me, MU² 64 . a.¤ co nde[r]nat maith / flaith uaidib co bráth, Trip.² 1798 . cretfemit do Christ a.¤ co ro-fhindamm a nert, PH 345 . nis-fil do plāig . . . for bith nachus-bera sin for cūlu, a.¤ corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430 § 21 . With non-perfective vb.: asbert . . . nod lemad a mbrethugud a.¤ co ndaimtis nammá fora breith, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). dá fessed a.¤ combad fer ulcach nod ngonad no mairfedsom he ind (mixed constr.) 6110 (TBC). cuma a dteasda uan dom aois / gan suan feasda a.¤ go bhféadmaois, Dán Dé xvii 5 . a cōir féine a.¤ go bhfagha / ni dóigh Éire i n-aontamha, TD 24.1 . Hence as soon as: act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi berthir úaib Laudocensibus gl. et cum lecta fuerit apud vos aepistola [haec] facite ut et in L. aeclesia legatur, Wb. 27d13 . aiggelat sa hé a.¤ co roisc int oirned as soon as the ordination is ended, RC xlii 134 § 9 . acht co ndernair hoc rechtair romhat dochum an prainntighe, RC xxvi 374.1 . With non-perfective vb.: ragat a.¤ co fiasur in n-airm atá I will go as soon as I know where he is, LU 3373 ( SCC 17 ). bérthar cainnli duit acht co tumthar, Lism. L. 1996 .

(g) In adversative sense but: énirt a cocubussom . . . act nosnerta in sonirt, Wb. 10c3 . coir irnigde tra inso act ní chumcamni, 4a27 . robatar leosom eter desciplu . . . act dorigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru, 7d10 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam . . . a.¤ nochon follamnaiget amal ardrígu, Trip.² 1064 . lánsíth i nHérinn . . . a.¤ buí imneissi chatha iter dá Chorpre, BDD² 230 .

(h) Often introducing a positive clause oppd. to a preceding neg. one or vice versa: ni imdibe dualche . . . act is imdibe colno, Wb. 21b11 . conibé eter in peccato act co beid in pænitentia , 9b2 . ní bo ar seirc móidme act conrobad torbe dúibsi triit, 17a13 . ní dron act is diuit et is glé, 17b4 . ni ar Abracham . . . a.¤ is diar foirbthetuni, 2d2 . ni delb ad-rorsat act is cosmulius delbe, 1b19 . ba torad saithir dúun . . . act ní bad nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . is hé láech is áildem . . . a.¤ níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . ni hainfis a.¤ día necar doniam indnos it is not in ignorance, but to set them forth that we proceed in this way, Mon. Tall. 154.27 (§ 66) . co rrabe . . . cen dig cen biad, a.¤ 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc.M² 3 . In sense at all events, however: mór di ḟertaib . . . doróne . . . acht aisnédfimne úaiti do ilib díb, Trip.² 110 . nī himda persa . . . is fessach crēd . . . in bāss geipit, acht nī thernoighit tar aiss amach go bráth, Fl. Earls 70.31 . Note also: munup do saighe selbha a.¤ for ecin `unless he seizes land by force only', Laws iv 26.16 Comm. nídnanaid a crothad nach a flescad a.¤ a nidi `it is no protection to shake or beat it, but only to wash it', Mon. Tall. 155.2 (67) . ná dearbh as a.¤ go hairech, Content. vi 27 .

(i) On cases where the prec. neg. sentence contains a word meaning only: ni hed a méit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi `not only do ye believe it but ye endure sufferings therefor', Wb. 23c7 . nípat hé . . . nammá beite isind inducbáil sin a.¤ bieit cit geinti, 4c40 . nirbo chuit eperte tantum act robatar cid ferte dia imthrenugud, 24c5 . ni namá na duile aicside do chumscugud . . . a.¤ ro-chumscaigit gráda nime, PH 152 .

(j) In the idiom a.¤ ní . . . ní not only not . . . but not (cf. sech): a.¤ ní ructaisseom airesom ní rucadsom foraibsom not only could they not get away from him but he could not catch up with them, BDD² 300 and note. a.¤ nis leicim nis étaim, TBC-LL¹ 2334 (= sech LU). a.¤ ni trebad ni coimge, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.36 . a.¤ ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-sa mo moindter-sa, Ériu v 32.23 . a.¤ ní mó a cách ní lugu `not only is it not increasing but it is not less', Otia ii 81.2 . In positive constr.: acht ba dimdach ba debthach, SR 5688 . atbert in drui: a.¤ saerfaithir do mathair doberthar duit na bú as well as freeing your mother the cows will be given to you, IT i 40.x . Note also: a.¤ ní buaid a denam imbáruch is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht, TBC-LL¹ 1866 .

(k) With cia: cindas rainnfither in mucc . . . cīa indas . . . a.¤ a-rann ar chomramaib in what other way, Sc.M² § 6 . cid, ol si, acht maillechut-sa tú co sír, PH 8262 . Introducing a phrase: cid fil ann didiu (sic leg.) a.¤ amal itcualae, PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht ni dechaidh aonnech ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 449 . Note also: aní ná roich lám, cid a.¤, / is écen dam a dúthracht, LU 3935 (`yet' SCC § 44 ).

(l) As quasi-conjunction in idioms with cen (gan): gan é a.¤ i naois ōiglenaib `seeing he was but of young child's age', O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan lios . . . a.¤ lán do dhoire dharach, TD 28.7 . gan duine a.¤ ag dol ar séad, Dán Dé ix 34 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol `that no one should go under it without paying custom', Fl. Earls 90.4 . brugh. loch. Lugh inand ghabhaid a.¤ gan illradh ag Lugh, IGT Decl. p. 81 § 29 . Note also: ní fuil mac Gaoidhil ná Goill / a.¤ lán dá éanghrádh uile, TD 17.57 . ní bhí leó a urdail a.¤ d'ór /. . ./ cinn a bhfagha suaine a sleagh / nó truaille tana dtroigheadh `they have not so much as the heads of their javelins . . . but is gold', 9.29 .

In introductory phrases: a.¤ chena is alaind cech nderg, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). gabhuis Columcille in salm . . . acht cena ni rolegh-som acht aibghiter namá cosin, Lism. L. 823 . a.¤ nammá atáa mí nád n-imthet rí a.¤ cethrur however there is a month when a king goes about accompanied by four only, Críth G. 535 . acht atá ní chena, bar F., is fiach fola ┐ feola dó-som é, TBC-LL¹ 2989 . See also cena. cid (trá) a.¤, cid fil and (trá) a.¤ etc., see trá II(b). a.¤ (mad) énní however, nevertheless, at all events: achtmadh enní, do marbhadh ceithre fir décc [dibh], AFM v 1328.4 . acht aenni, do bitis debtha dermara eturro, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . acht aen ni . . . bemitt ar aenconair, 1315.8 .

III As subst. ise cuit in achta ann this is the function of the word `acht' in that passage, O'D. 745 (H 3.17 col. 541) (possibly to be referred to 2 acht).

acra(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acra(e) or dil.ie/232

Forms: acre, accrai, acru, agra, acrad

n io, n. Later f. vn. of ad-gair. a s. acre, Wb. 9c20 . g s. accrai, Laws v 372.7 . d s. acru, LL 353a76 . agra f. IGT Decl. § 3 . Verbs § 47 . Later also acrad.

Act of suing, prosecuting, bringing an action, urging a claim; action, suit, process (with gen. of the matter of the suit and FOR (AR) of the person sued): tagra quasi dagra .i. dā n-agra bīs ann, Corm. Y 1259 . acra gl. actio, Ir. Gl. 869 . ní bethe fria acre, ye should not be seeking redress for it, Wb. 9c20 . ce na (= no) betha ac acra ar nech dul ara nurlainn, Laws iii 252.19 . gu nach urasa cin d'agra for a tigernaib `it is not easy to sue their lords for trespasses', iv 222.1 Comm. cach foghail do genu se . . . ciamad ail a nacera for aite `though one should wish to sue his fosterer for them', ii 170.4 Comm. ni bi acraidi faesam .i. nocha bi a.¤ athgabala don ti bis ar faesam neich . . . .i. fer bis for faesam ní tualaing acra the person who is under protection may not be sued? i 102.x , 104.24 Comm. ticfa d'acra a dala `to prosecute his cause', 6.22 . do buing agru ericc suing exacts compensation, ii 14 z . featactain agra na ratha `attempt to sue the surety', v 226.31 Comm. fethem . . . agamsa dot agra sa, i 294.7 Comm. ma docuaid in grad feine d'acrad in graid flatha, 112 y . acrudh do dénum ┐ indliged do denum oc in agra sin, ii 66.9 . ni tuasluce nach suire . . . bes isle agra bes uaisle enech, 36.z. ac acra uatha suing from them, v 120.30 . ai naccrai the matter of the suit, 372.7 . fuil setaibh acrai inerce `a wound (inflicted) in the cause of levying a payment due', Ériu xii 50 § 63 . ag agra goidi ┐ braidi when suing a case of theft and plunder, Laws v 42.18 Comm. acra bor[b]luchuis, ii 16.7 Comm. cuir ┐ cundartha . . . d'acrau forin conair fugill is cert, Cóic Con. 20 § 13 . fer na hagra the plaintiff, O'D. 570 ( H 3.17, 440-1 ). di ēis ind fir acrai, ZCP xv 322 § 15 n. 1 . ae an fir acra, Laws v 306.10 Comm. soiri domnaig . . . gin acrai gan brethemnus, Anecd. iii 21.4 . nócon ainfe ingrimm ┐ acrae dííbh ca bráth, Trip.² 2218 . frithchuires dím accra olcu amhuinsi, ZCP vi 258.4 . gabais M. . . . ic acra a cor, LL 221b27 ( TTr. 330 ). itú ic triall a acrai ḟort I am suing thee for it, LL 14136 . lucht a éaraca dá agra orra to sue them for his eric, ML 132.7 . badur . . . og agra a comairci ar in rig they were demanding the king's protection, YBL 172b20 . teid dagra a shlana ar O'nDomnaill to make claim on O'D. for violating his surety, L. Chl. S. § 17 . dolluid . . . Lactain . . . do acru in gníma sin co flaith to complain of that deed, LL 353a76 . gan a bhás d'agradh ar neach `not to demand retribution from anyone for his death', Keat. ii 5192 . d'agra airdchíosa ar Chúigeadh Laighean `to exact', iii 3082 . ag agra fhiach claiming a debt, Dán Dé xxvi 12 . ro bhaoí ua N. ag agra blaidhe don dúthaigh fuair Niall ó Domhnaill on righ, AFM vi 2350.7 . ná ro cumhaing Ua N. an fearann dagra ó chert, .14 . an lá thiocfas triath na n-aingeal d'agra a chéasda sa chroich, A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 9 . oca agra (sic leg.) gurbhó dalta dhósom ó Domnaill `urging', Hugh Roe 48.10 (fo. 13a) . do brud . . . in domain . . . is d'acra ar a cend `to take vengeance on it', Cog. 180.4 . iomdha agra nach admhaim `many charges I confess not' (i.e. do not plead guilty to), Dán Dé iv 3 . gach agra dá bhfuil againn ┐ gach leathscéal dá bhfuil agaibhsi, Maguires of F. 74 . báttar . . . ag aighnes ima naccarthaibh for aroile they were disputing as to their claims, AFM vi 2166.z. teit accra ann, an action lies in that case, PH 7612 . Cill Baird i Laignib ní agra i.e. undoubtedly Mart. Don. xxxix 16 . Of the thing claimed: re h-iarraid na hagra, MR 264.11 . Of challenging in battle: cenn cosnama . . . Erenn ar uaill ┐ ar agra, MR 96.3 .

ad-aig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-aig or dil.ie/259
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: a-tom-aig, a-tob-aich, a-tn-agat, adagar, adagatar, a-tn-aig, ad-aigtis, ad-n -agad, atagtha, a-tan-ebla, adeblad, adacht, adachtatár, atachtsat, adacht, adachta, at(n)aigid

v Usually given as compd. of aigid ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 451 ), but in conjunct position -aig only is found. Perh. orig. ad-aig, -aig, a verb of the type described GOI § 543 (a) (ro-cluinethar etc.). Hence ad-aig here with deut. forms only and without vn. In mid. Ir. very common with tautological inf. pron. 3 s.m. (atn-aig). See aigid.

Indic. pres. 3 s. a-tom-aig, Wb. 10d26 . a-tob-aich, 9c20 . 3 pl. a-tn-agat, TBFr. 273 . Pass. sg. adagar, BB 252b27 . Pl. adagatar, Críth G. 93 . Ipv. 2 s. a-tn-aig, TBC-I¹ 935 . Indic. impf. 3 pl. ad-aigtis, MR 256.24 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ad-n -agad, Laws v 466.5 . Pass. sg. atagtha, Ériu ii 122 § 63 . Fut. 3 s. a-tan-ebla, Sc.M² § 3 . 3 pl. adeblad, RC xxi 382.12 v.l. pret. 3 s. adacht, LL 4899 . 3 pl. adachtatár, LU 5344 . atachtsat, Leb. Gab.(i) 116.16 . Pass. sg. adacht, LL 13608 . Pl. adachta, Dinds. 128 ( RC xvi 80 ). Later as simple vb. at(n)aigid.

(a) drives, impels to (DO): cid atobaig dó `what impels you to it?' Wb. 19d10 . is foirbthetu hirisse attotaig do neoch dogní `we know it is perfection of faith that impels thee to what thou doest', 6c16 . cid atobaich cen dílgud cech ancridi dognethe frib `what impels you not to forgive every injury that may have been done to you?', 9c20 . dílmaine aisndísen atannaig[n]i do, Ml. 93d12 . ar is ainbfius ┐ seimple adidnuid do, Laws i 94.7 . adaig a mmairtorad do digh `the produce of the sea impels one to drink', Ériu xii 20 § 25 . atnaig G. dó assin tig G. drove him out of the house, LL 13590 . atnaig dó for teiched, 13610 . Of driving animals etc.: fer adaig secht mbu i tir a cheile, Laws iii 128.2 . fer idaig cethra . . . ina fér . . . amail bid a cethra fodesin adnagad ind, v 466.4 . at-nagar gamain istech die marbad, Ériu vii 198 § 6 . ad-nagar cæra histech, 199 § 7 = doberar, 6 §§ 6, 7 . atnaigset na huain . . . docum a mmaithrech, Lism. L. 86 . adnaig tar fot cruach i nardnimed `he brings him away over gory sod into a high sanctuary', Ériu xii 83.14 . adacht Laigniu he drove the Leinstermen before him, LL 4899 . a.¤ i tenid sets on fire : adachtatár in crích hi tenid, LU 5344 (TBC). Note also: atan-ebla i luim luaith who will reduce us to bare ashes, Sc.M² 3 . ? adadar (adagar v.l.) tene ind, Trip.² 605 . atasaigid hi tenid, Cymmr. xiv 114.13 .

(b) pushes, thrusts, places, puts: ataig in cendáil occo isin sudi faire he puts the head beside him, LU 9093 ( FB § 84 ). benais mír don staic . . . ┐ ataig . . . ina beol, MacCongl. 65.11 ( LB 217a28 ). atnaig in di oibill . . . isin tellach, adnaidh a formna re comlaidh in dorois, Aen. 2296 . roadnacht F. grainne n-oir fo slinnen [a maic], ZCP ii 134 § 4 (form influenced by ad-anaig). atnaig C. foí atherruch C. thrusts him under it again (of wrestling in water), LU 5232 (TBC) = TBC-I¹ 755 . ataig a bratt tairsiu a triur, IT ii2 210.65 . ce at agtha fo claideb `though they were put to the sword', Ériu ii 122 § 63 . atnaigh-sium a mher tharse plied his finger over it (of playing the harp), RC vi 183.15 . atagat láim tairsiu they ravage them LL 231b5 ( TTr. 1046 ). atagat . . . cath cróda they prosecute a valiant fight TFerbe 741 . atnaig a bendachtain for Jacob, LB 114a5 . a.¤ aithne (for) recognises: ad-n-aig Corpre Músc aithne conarb' é Mac Con 'Corpre Músc realized that it was not Mac Con', CMMucr. (CCA) 92 § 13 . atnaigh in ingen aichne fair, IT i 126.9 .

(c) inflicts, imposes on (FOR): ataigh Midir . . . tri plagha foraibh, BB 390a39 . ataig cummasc . . . forsna slúagu `he caused the slaughter of the hosts', TTr.² 1480 . atachtsat (.i. tucsat) doeire forra, Leb. Gab.(i) 116.16 . atnagar rátha ┐ nadmand tenna . . . for muintir C. fria comall, MacCongl. 23.3 . ataigtis ratha airib / secht n-airig ata inir, LL 2596 . cach nidnacul .i. adanaig fair in flaith, O'Curry 830 (H 3.18, 380b). attaig Moysi forro in dam orda . . . do merliugud M. obliges them to destroy (?) the golden calf, BB 241a47 = atnaig, LB 120a37 . YBL 291a27 .

(d) proffers, gives: tescaid . . . in clérech a lúdain de ┐ atnaig don filid, Fél. 70.9 . ataig in poíc di ar dig, LL 4598 = dorat ind póice dí ar dig, Ériu iv 102.2 . adnaig side grád don gilla, RC v 200 § 15 . atnagar biad doib, MR 10.12 . ataig cuit cach trir, LU 1816 . atnagar cennacht macraidi Ulad do Choin Chulaind, LU 10494 . atnaghar doib Cú na cles `C. is surrendered to them', Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 44.22 . adnaigh .i. tabairt nó tidlacad ut est atnaigh uait surrender it, O'Dav. 131 . Of giving a blow: ataig taithbéim dia claidiub dóib, LU 3264 ( SCC § 6 ). atnaig T. bulli do, LL 329a7 .

(e) carries, brings: ataig C. lais ina fúair d'ór, TFerbe 745 . atnaig corp a athar leiss, LU 2796 . atnagad leo cen fhis they take him with them, YBL 139a45 .

(f) raises, puts forth (cry, shout): atreset iarsin ┐ dobérat (atbelat, adeblad, addeablatt v.l. ) an óengáir eisib, RC xxi 382.12 and n. andar lat batar fir betha adaigdis breisim foé Ériu xii 178 § 7 . atnagat a ṅgol, TBFr. 273 . ataig a díchelta ass he gives forth his secrets, LU 4457 . atnaig a gloim n-archon for aird, LL 12897 .

(g) a.¤ mnaí takes a wife (cf. do-beir m.): atnaigh mnai an Dunchada `he married the wife of D.', TFrag. 56.9 .

(h) undertakes, sets about, begins (with oc and vn.): atnagait (leg. ata-agat, Stories from Táin) . . . oc imtrascrad they set to wrestling, LU 5230 (TBC). atagat (atberat v.l. Ériu iv 102.41 ) ca rád ra Níall / dul don tiprait . . ., LL 4604 . attaig Isac ac lamachtad a láimí, BB 236b18 . atnaig oc blassachtaig `he began smacking his lips', MacCongl. 47.12 . Note also: atnaig in druí . . . for imthecht, Metr. Dinds. iv 60.29 . adnaig for iarraidh A `he went in search of A', Aen. 2656 .

(i) goes, proceeds: atnaig Ethne fades, LU 4465 . adnaig remib co Mag nGlass he sets out at their head to Mag nGlass, Ériu v 236.64 . atnaig E. i cocud crúaid `E. departs to stern strife', Metr. Dinds. iv 68.129 . adnaigh 'san imruagadh `he betook himself to flight', Aen. 2846 . atnaig and lá n-óen i m-boith aroli meic lēgind he goes into the cell of a certain student, MacCongl. 53.21 . atnagat uile inna agaid fadeoig, RC v 199 § 8 . atnagat (do chuiriter v.l.) nói do chauradaib ina dochum dia marbad, Otia ii 86 § 4 . atnaigim isin cuchtair, MacCongl. 91.17 . ataigimm isin tech mor, z 0 . Impers. atnagar hi cend breithi do breith they proceed to judge, 21.13 .

ad-cí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-cí or dil.ie/391
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ad-rodarcar, atchíu, adcíu, atchim, -accu, -accim, -airciu, -airchiu, adchí, atch, -accai, -aci, adchí, adcíi, atobc, adcí, asidc, -aicci, adciam, adchiam, asidciam, -accam, -aciam, atchíd, -accid, adciat, -acat, -aiccet, adcither, adchither, -acastar, -accastar, -aiccesdar, ad-rodarcar, adroarcar, atchiter, -aicind, atchíd, asitchid, atcitis, atchíthe, -aictea, atcítis, ad-cear, atcheur, -accur, -accar, -aicer, -aiccither, -aiccther, -accadar, -acathar, -accamar, adced, adceter, -accatar, adcethar, atcethar, -accastar, -accaister, -arcastar, atcheind, -accinn, atchethe-su, madattceththae, madhcethea, adcheth, atchet, -aiced, -accad, adcethe, adchetis, -accaitis, adcethe, -aiccitis, -accus, condas-chichi, dom-chich, -accigi, at-chichset, -aiccichet, atatchigestar, atchichestár, atcichead, -aiciged, acciged, adcichitis, -acca, -acca, adcita-acae, -acae, -acce, -aicci, -accai, -accamar, -accatar, adchess, adchess, matcias, -aiccess, -acus, atchessa, -aicessa, atchondarc, atconnarcsu, atcondarccaisiu, atchonnarcaisthi, ad-condairc, adus-connarcmar, adchondarcid, atcondarcatar, atchonnarctar, o'tchondarcatar, dochiu, dochim, -bhfaicim, -feicim, dochi, -ḟacci, -bhfaice, -feicenn, dochi, -acend, -fhaccend, -faic, dochiam, atchiamait, atciamaid, dochímíd, atchíthi, do-chíthí, -facthi, atcíat, atchíd, adchiad, dochíd, dochiat, -faicit, dociter, -aicter, -bhfaicthear, rocíter, nachataicim, faiceam, faicthear, do-chíodh, -faiceadh, adcíadhmais, -bfaicmís, -bfaicti, dochíthe, -faicte, -faictis, do-chear, -bhfaicear, -accar, -faccur-sa, -accara, -faccara, -accera, -acatar, -faicea, -facaid, -bhfaiceam, -acat, -faicit, -fhaicet, -feictea, atchised, -bhfaiceadh, -faicsimmis, -faicmis, -faictis, -aiciste, -haicesda, atchicera, atíchera, -aircechasa, adidracacha, atcichfe, chíchsiom, adachichisthi, atichistisi, atchichither, -aicigther, atcithsead, chichsiodh, atchichesta, chíeabh, -aiciub, -feiceab, nodcífi, do-chífe, atchífir, dochifir, -faicfe, dochífe, -aicfe, -acéb, ḟaiccbe, -faccéga, -faigfe, -faicfe, -faicfid, attcífem, -faicfeam, dochífide, -faicfide, atchífit, docífitt, -ffaicfit, atcífider, -accfither, -aicfider, dochífear, adcíthfend, dochífeadh, atchífeadh, -aicfed, dochífidís, -faicfitis, itcífea, dacitfidhi, atconnac, dochunnuc, dochonnarc, idconnarcos, -facca, -faccu, -facus, -facadhas, atchonnarcais, adconnacuis, daconncadais, atchonncais, doconncais, -faccais, -facadais, -acaghois, diconnairc, atchonnaic, rachonnaic, -facca, -faccae, -facae, -facai, -facaid, -accaig, -agaid, -facais, atchoncamar, choncamar, -facamar, atconncabar, -facabar, -faccabair, atconncatar, dochoncatar, -facadar, -acaiset, doces, doconnarcas, atcondcas, cunncus, condcas, -aices, -facas, -accas, -facus, -facessa, aicsiu, (f)aicsin

v sees. Frequ. (outside O. Ir. Glosses) at-c(h)í with meaningless infix. pron., in rel. with inf. pron. sometimes also as-. Prot. stem -a(i)cc-. In O. Ir. with depon. inflexion in subj. pres. and with redupl. future. For active inflexion in subj. see Celt. Verb 138 . In pret. active prot. forms only are found, the conjunction co n- being used where no other conjunct particle is present (deuterotonic forms occur in pass.). In perf. deut. with root -derc- and perfective -com- (ad-condarc etc.). There is no special perf. form after conj. particles. Note also ad-rodarcar can be seen , Sg. 172a2 . In later lang. ad- (at-) is gradually replaced by do- and the conj. stem acquires inorganic f-, giving the forms do-chí, -faic-, both with b-fut.. In past tense the general independent form is ad-(do-) chonnai(r)c (from the perf.), the form after conj. particles -(f)ac(c)- (from the pret.), both with endings of the s-pret..

Early forms: Indic. pres. 1 s. atchíu, LU 4535 . adcíu (3 syll.), ACL iii 297 § 46 . atchim, Ériu ii 166.50 . -accu, MU² 1011 (LU). -acciu, LU 5347 . -accim, 6117 . With ro, -airciu, 6213 (? leg. -airchiu, GOI § 535b ). 2 s. adchí, Fél. Prol. 150 . atch, IT i 81.18 . -accai, Ml. 17b17, 25b14 . -aci, Sg. 15b6 ; Thes. ii 21.37 . 3 s adchí, Wb. 4a25 . adcíi, 12c11 . atobc, 25a26 . adcí, Sg. 149b6 . With inf. pron. 3 s. m. in rel. constr. asidc, Ériu ii 208 § 27 . -aicci, Ml. 94c3 . 1 pl. adciam, Wb. 6a30 ; Ml. 16c5; 112b12 . rel. adchiam, Ml. 42b22; 112b13 . With inf. pron. 3 s. asidciam, Ml. 2b4 . -accam, Ml. 111d1 . -aciam, Thes. ii 31.23 . 2 pl. atchíd, LU 9987 . -accid, Ériu ii 106 § 19 . 3 pl. adciat, Ml. 69b2; 103b13 . -acat, 93d14 . -aiccet, LL 13853 . Pass. sg. adcither. Wb. 1b15 . adchither, 12c12 . -acastar, 25b28 . -accastar, 26a12 . -aiccesdar (-aiccestar v.l.), ACC § 34 . (See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 488 and GOI § 609 ). Note also ad-rodarcar, Sg. 172a2 . Laws i 230.11 Comm. adroarcar, O'Curry 2294 ( Eg. 88, 22 (23)a) . Pl. atchiter, Ériu ii 106 § 19 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. -aicind, Metr. Dinds. iii 310.84 . 3 s. atchíd, TBFr. 217 . With inf. pron. 3 s. in rel. constr. asitchid, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91.16 ). 3 pl. atcitis, Mon. Tall. 147.14 (§ 52) . Pass. sg. atchíthe, LU 3452 ( SCC § 23 ). -aictea, RC xlvi 239.3 . Pl. atcítis, CCath. 873 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. ad-cear, Thes. ii 293.6 . rel. atcheur, Ériu ii 89 § 2 . -accur, Fing. R. 95 . -accar, ZCP viii 120.16 . -aicer, TBFr. 21 § 22 . 2 s. -aiccither, Anecd. iii 57.19 . -aiccther, TBC-I¹ 1556 . at-ce-su, Ériu xix 12 § 6 . 3 s. -accadar, Wb. 16d6 . Ml. 53a6 . -acathar, 68b9 . 1 pl. -accamar, TBFr. 195 . 2 pl. adced, Wb. 11b22 . 3 pl. (unless pass. pl.) adceter, Ml. 3a4 . -accatar, TBFr. 294 . Pass. sg. adcethar, Ériu iii 104 § 39a . atcethar, vii 150 § 20 . -accastar, Ml. 50a5 . -accaister, LU 6889 . ?With ro: -arcastar, O'Dav. 109 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. atcheind, TBC-LL¹ 4142 . -accinn, Trip.² 2436 . 2 s. atchethe-su, Trip.² 269 . (with má) madattceththae, IT i 144.21 = madhcethea, ZCP v 501.34 . 3 s. adcheth, Ml. 38c9 . atchet, Ériu v 30.17 . -aiced, LU 3733 . -accad, 4616 . 2 pl. adcethe, Wb. 19b6 . 3 pl. adchetis, BDD² 446 . -accaitis, Ml. 32d12 . Pass. sg. adcethe, Ml. 77d8 . Pl. -aiccitis, BDD² 627 .

Fut. 1 s. ? -accus, RC xii 110 § 167 . 2 s. condas-chichi (sic leg.: Liphi, see GOI § 655 ), Ériu vi 122 § 6 . 3 s. ?dom-chich (domcife, cotomchichfea v.ll.), ACC § 143 ( RC xx 416 ). -accigi, Trip.² 1503 . 3 pl. at-chichset, Ériu iii 30 § 10 . -aiccichet, Trip.² 1841 . Pass. sg. atatchigestar, Ml. 59c12 . atchichestár, LU 2760 .

Cond. 3 s. atcichead, BDD² 125 . -aiciged, TBC-I¹ 813 = acciged, LU 5336 . 3 pl. adcichitis, Wb. 7a2 .

Pret. 1 s. -acca, IT i 120.24 . 2 s. -acca, Sc.M² § 11 . 3 s. adcita-acae, Tur. 60 . (see Thes. i 488 n. b ). -acae, Ériu ii 222.27 . -acce, BDD² 156 . -aicci, Trip.² 264 . -accai, 265 . 1 pl. -accamar, Mon. Tall. 148.6 (§ 55) . 3 pl. -accatar, Wb. 26b11 . Pass. sg. adchess, Wb. 23c11 . adchess, Ml. 96d1 . ? matcias, Mon. Tall. 141.27 (§ 36) . -aiccess, Thes. ii 253.2 (Stowe Missal). -accas, TBFr. 258 . -acus, BDD² 238 . Pl. atchessa, Thes. ii 354.9 (Hy. vii). -accassa, TBC-I¹ 1413 . -aicessa, LU 10058 .

Perf. 1 s. atchondarc, Ml. 113b6 . 2 s. atconnarcsu, LU 5142 = atcondarccaisiu, TBC-I¹ 659 . atchonnarcaisthi, Trip.² 223 . 3 s. ad-condairc, Thes. i 488.23 (Tur.) ad-chondairc, 493.21 (ib.). 1 pl. adus-connarcmar, BDD² 473 . 2 pl. adchondarcid, Anecd. i 43.z . 3 pl. atcondarcatar, Laws ii 326.13 . atchonnarctar, Trip.² 1017 . o'tchondarcatar, 2641 .

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. dochiu, Ó Bruad. ii 56.5 . dochim, ZCP vi 36.12 . -bhfaicim, -feicim, Acall. 6771 . DDána 6.6 2 s. dochi, CF 790 . -ḟacci, TBC-LL¹ 233 . -bhfaice, Keat. ii 5398 . -feicenn tú, ZCP vi 56.25 . 3 s. dochi, Lec. 185rb11 . -acend, LU 3988 ( SCC § 45 ). -fhaccend, MU² 640 . -faic, ZCP vii 303 § 11 . 1 pl. dochiam, PH 8130 ; DDána 26.2 . atchiamait, Acall. 5555 . atciamaid, BNnÉ 60 § 77 . dochímíd, DDána 54.12 . 2 pl. atchíthi, Anecd. i 35.78 . do-chíthí, TSh. 2818 . -facthi, MU² 947 . 3 pl. atcíat, Acall. 1562 . atchíd, TSh. 753 . adchiad, DDána 31.16 . dochíd, 17.12 . dochiat, SG 346.12 . -faicit, PH 7740 . Pass. sg. dociter, RC xlix 9 § 4 . -aicter, Lism. L. 495 . -bhfaicthear, Keat. i 82.21 . rocíter, Marco P. 42 .

Ipv. 1 s. nachataicim, Lism. L. 2297 . 1 pl. faiceam, DDána 119.28 . Pass. sg. faicthear, 60.37 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. do-chíodh, TSh. 4225 . -faiceadh, Dán Dé vi 30 . 1 pl. adcíadhmais, Duan. F. i 10.4 . -bfaicmís, O'Gr. Cat. 508.5 . 2 pl. -bfaicti, BNnÉ 67 § 103 . Pass. sg. dochíthe, Dán Dé xi 29 . -faicte, CCath. 897 . Pl. -faictis, ACL iii 224.y .

Subj. pres. 1 s. do-chear, -bhfaicear, DDána 37.39 . -accar, ZCP viii 120.16 . -faccur-sa, TBC-LL¹ 4061 . 2 s. -accara, PH 4960 . 3 s. -faccara, 6006 . -accera, RC xiii 440.18 . 3 pl. -acatar, PH 1352 . With active endings. 3 s. -faicea, PH 7402 . -facaid, Maund. 261 . 1 pl. -bhfaiceam, DDána 81.19 . 3 pl. -acat, TBFr. 21 § 22 . -faicit, Acall. 2246 , -fhaicet, PH 7678 .

Subj. impf. 2 s. -feictea, ZCP vi 87.29 . 3 s. atchised, TTr.² 641 . -bhfaiceadh, DDána 37.38 . 1 pl. -faicsimmis, RC x 92.10 . -faicmis, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . 3 pl. -faictis, IT i 175.10 . Pass. sg. ? -aiciste, Ériu ii 106 § 16 (perh. to be referred to ad-guid). -haicesda, Lism. L. 2302 .

Fut. and condit. Traces of the reduplicated fut. remain, sometimes with endings of the b-fut. The b-fut. is however the usual formation. With reduplication 2 s. atchicera, Fing. R. 118 . atíchera, PH 1182 . With ro: -aircechasa, LU 6098 . ? adidracacha, O'Dav. 123 . 3 s. atcichfe, Anecd. ii 27.16 . 1 pl. do chíchsiom , Content. xxii 22 . 2 pl. adachichisthi, TFrag. 180.8 . atichistisi, LB 223b19 . Pass. sg. atchichither, LU 3889 ( SCC § 40 ). -aicigther, 6119 (TBC). atcithfither, Acall. 5362 . Condit. 3 s. atcithsead, MR 112.6 . do chichsiodh , Desid. 2147 . Pass. sg. atchichesta, RC xlvi 239.5 . (See also Aithd. D. Gloss.). Without reduplication. 1 s. do chíeabh , IGT Introd. 28.15. (§121) . -aiciub, IT i 80.8 . -feiceab, ZCP vi 85.15 . 2 s. nodcífi, Ériu viii 123.1 . do-chífe, DDána 66.4 . atchífir, Keat. iii 2800 . dochifir, BNnÉ 82 § 164 . -faicfe, DDána 6.6 . 3 s. dochífe, TSh. 1089 . -aicfe, ZCP viii 332.24 . -acéb, LU 309 = ḟaiccbe, RC xx 38.14 . -faccéga (-aigfe, -faigfe, v. ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5581 . -faicfe, Acall. 6310 . -faicfid, ZCP x 342 § 8. 1 pl. attcífem, ZCP viii 207.15 . -faicfeam, TSh. 8624 . 2 pl. dochífide, Dán Dé xxv 31 . -faicfide, Ériu v 242.166 . 3 pl. atchífit, BS 6.3 . docífitt, -ffaicfit, BNnÉ 267 § 235 . Pass. sg. atcífider, RC xxv 390 § 4 . -accfither, LL 14280 . -aicfider, Ériu ii 144 § 161 . dochífear, DDána 12.4 . Condit. 1 s. adcíthfend, Ériu iv 220.8 . 3 s. dochífeadh, TSh. 6056 . atchífeadh, 6008 . -aicfed, Todd Lect. vii 6.68 . 3 pl. dochífidís, TSh. 305 . -faicfitis, Ériu ii 134 § 115 . Pass. sg. itcífea, Ériu ii 198.9 . dacitfidhi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 28.30 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. atconnac. MU² 745 . dochunnuc, ZCP vi 29.2 . dochonnarc, TSh. 4298 . idconnarcos, ML 4.19 . -facca, SR 1336 . -faccu, TBC-I¹ 870 . -facus, Maund. 260 . -facadhas, Desid. 430 . 2 s. atchonnarcais, LL 13591 . adconnacuis, Lism. L. 1509 . daconncadais, ITS xiv 22.9 . atchonncais, Acall. 4612 . doconncais, 3320 . -faccais, 5143 . -facadais, Sc.M² § 11 . -acaghois, ZCP x 284.19 . 3 s. diconnairc, Ériu ii 15.19 . atchonnaic, TBC-LL¹ 3969 . rachonnaic, 2969 . -facca, 3374 . -faccae, 5099 . -facae, Mon. Tall. 155.11 (§ 67) . -facai, 135.5 (§ 22) . -facaid, 164.6 (§ 88) . -accaig, TBC-LL¹ 2827 . -agaid, Aen. 1396 . -facais, RC xxiv 196.14 . 1 pl. atchoncamar, LU 2331 . do choncamar , 3 C 19, 6 va17 . -facamar, Stair Erc. 2017 . 2 pl. atconncabar, PH 1711 . -facabar, 3360 . -faccabair, Acall. 5770 . 3 pl. atconncatar, Laws iii 168.8 Comm. dochoncatar, PH 6295 . -facadar, TBC-I¹ 311 . -acaiset, ZCP x 410.15 . Pass. sg. doces, RC xvii 416.30 . doconnarcas, ZCP ii 552.8 . atcondcas, Ériu iii 196 § 12 . do cunncus , RC xii 332 § 24 . ra condcas , TBC-LL¹ 2748 . -aices, -facas, IT iii 189.11, 12 . -accas, LL 14172 . -facus, Lism. L. 3804 . Pl. -facessa, TBC-LL¹ 5009 .

Vn. aicsiu, (f)aicsin, etc. IGT Verbs § 4 .

(a) sees, notices, observes: atobcí side `he perceives you', Wb. 25a26 . ní aicci ní lia mescai `he sees nothing for his drunkenness', Ml. 94c3 . do soí dond orient conaci a næscae, Thes. ii 21.37 . isin domnach atcess in cétna sollsi in lái. Ériu ii 198.1 . ranic iath nad adaig aiccesdar (aiccestar, accestar, acastar v. ll.) `he reached the country where night is not seen', ACC 34 ( RC xx 172 ). con-idn-acar ┐ co nidn-arladar that I may see him, Irish Texts i 13 § 40 . ni facaid deilb ┐ ni cumman lais ní do faicsin, Mon. Tall. 164.6 (§ 88) . nach álaind atchíd ba háildiu lee Fróech do acsin, TBFr. 217 . nā tēig, co n-aiccther in frithi fonnuar-sa, TBC-I¹ 1556 . dorala . . . do M. condacaid aislingi, Trip.² 220 . amail boí sí and conḟacaig in lochtobur, RC vi 174.26 . ní confacus beó aéin neich diobh osin alle, AFM vi 2092.5 . do chibh mo Shlanaigtheoir maille rium, ITS xxix 185.3 . rí na ndúl cá chuin do-chear / an dún i bhfuil go bhfaicear, DDána 37.39 . With various prepp.: arnachab-accastar as tír that you may not be seen from land, BDD² 435 . atcess immorro asin Temraig inni sin moreover that thing was seen from Tara, Anecd. iii 34.9 . telach ása n-acastar in tuath fri Luimnech antuaith, Trip.² 2412 . adcí . . . uad debrad na diadachta he sees in the distance . . . ACL iii 245 § 24 . ro-chidisium uathib . . . tigi arda, Celt. Rev. x 106.16 . Folld. by clause: atcondarccaisiu (atconnarcsu, LU) . . . indus imatiag-sa in lind, TBC-I¹ 659 . co n-aiced immar ita / in tech mór atchonnarcsá, LU 3733 . tabhair an taiplis don tigh / gu faicmis amhail imrid, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . With preposition indicating motion: co n-accatar C. . . . is' tech they saw C. coming into the house, Sc.M² § 15 . intan docunncus Fechín docum in dūnaid `when F. was seen coming . . .', RC xii 332 § 24 . atací in slóg cucu tarsa mag, TBC-I¹ 1440 . ó 'tchóndairc epscop Mél P. cuce día chairigud, Trip.² 982 . nir airigedur Cenel Conaill iat co facadur chuctha iat, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . Cf. an tan atchídís ag triall chuca é, Keat. iii 1591 .

(b) Of mental processes perceives, discerns, realizes: ma adced torbe inna thect `if you should see profit in so going', Wb. 11b22 . da faicea ainfhis . . . ann a múnad, PH 7402 . truagh nach bfacas libh bhar locht, Ir. Review 1912 472 § 11 . atchíu rogabsat ar clanna ililtiugud, ZCP viii 318.31 . mar dobínn 'ga gruaidh gelbuic / docím úaim nach indermaid looking back I perceive that the treatment I got with him . . . is not to be forgotten(?), Prolegomena 45 § 24 . do citer corob i cuis in fiabrusa dlegar do leiges ar tuis, RC xlix 9 § 4 .

(c) Pass. in sense of appears, seems (DO to): atchessa fiad lucht na netarnade comtis aige alta they seemed to those lying in ambush to be wild deer, Thes. ii 354.9 (Hy. vii). ge daciter gorob maille Saturnus nan re . . . as comtrom a ngluasacht though Saturn appears to be slower than the moon their motion is equal, Ir. Astr. Tr. 114.16 . an tan bis an taer dorea tiugh ┐ docitear cum feartana e ┐ nach denann hi, 3 C 19 , 20 ra9 . atchíthe dó i n-aslingi innas ind ḟir no rígfaide and, LU 3452 ( SCC 23 ). is amlaidh doces do mac Gilla Lughan iat, RC xvii 416.31 . doces do muinntir co n-erbalus it seemed to people that I died, Todd Nenn. 210.4 . atcess dóib . . . múr na Rómae the wall of Rome appeared to them, BColm. 78.19 . atces doib tor oir for an muir, Leb. Gab.(i) 72.14 . do condcuss sin dó ina spiraid, gin go faca sé o suilib corpardha é, BCC 362.5 . mar do connarcas d'uaislibh Éireann an dochar do bhí ag teacht, Keat. i 66.19 . doconncus doibh a oirett shin ele d'airde do beith ann, BNnÉ 71 § 121 . pecadh aga bhfaicther dhó maith éigin do bheith ann a sin in which it seems to him there is some good, Ó Héodhusa 181.5 . do connarcus don Pháirlement gurab annteasbach bídh ┐ éadaigh do-rin sin uile, PCT 1677 . Note also: is mar sin dociter Galen aga tuicsin so G. seems to understand it, 3 C 19, 219 ra14 . By extension seems good to (cf. Lat. videtur): cidh anaill atcither duit acht a marbad? what else seems good to you except to kill them? Anecd. ii 12.18 . créad fa bhfacas dhíbh . . . na braighde . . . do chongbháil i ngéibheann, Maguires of F. 55 . déanaidh mar chífighthear dhíbh, 74 . dochonnarcus do'n Spiorad Naomh . . . gan ualach do chur orraibh . . . (visum est Spiritui sancto, Acts xv 28 ) Eochairsg. 14.26 . do connarcus don ōigh . . . eachtra . . . in tsēipēil . . . d'foillsiughadh . . . don naomh-priōir `it seemed good to her to make known', Fl. Earls 114.33 . do-connarcas damh trácht ar éiclipsigh na gréine it seemed good to me to treat of eclipses of the sun, Corp. Astron. 152.4 . do chonncas dhúinn . . . an leabhrán-sa do sgríobhadh, Mac Aingil 50 .

(d) Occas. in sense of do-écci, fégaid: o do conncamair do leighiusaibh uilidhi . . . na ptisisi since we have treated of, 3 C 19, 129 vb23 . da facaid le feirg no le fich ar duine if he look angrily at, Maund. 261 .

ad-claid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-claid or dil.ie/392
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ad-claid, arclaid, -aclaid, adcladat, -accladat, -aclaidead, ad-clais, -aclais, ad-cichlus, acclaidset, -arcechlath, acclaid(e), accail, aurclaidid, acláiset, conclaidhsid

v ( ad-clad-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 492 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. ad-claid, ZCP xv 351 § 40 . With prefix ar: arclaid, LU p. 310 note d . -aclaid, O'D. 625 ( H 3.17, 465c6 ). 3 pl. adcladat, Ml. 112b2 . -accladat, Críth G. 559 . Indic. impf. 3 s. -aclaidead, Laws iv 154.12 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ad-clais, Trip.² 986 . -aclais, O'Curry 463 (H 3.18, 245). Fut. 1 s. ad-cichlus, Thes. ii 48.6 . pret. 3 pl. ? acclaidset, Metr. Dinds. ii 82.z . Perf. pass. sg. -arcechlath (better -āroechlath, ed.), Bürgschaft 18 § 56 .

Vn. acclaid(e), accail.

(a) fishes, hunts: an adcladat gl. aucupantes Ml. 112b2 . adcichlus gl. uenabor, Thes. ii 48.6. 362.z . ar a roí ad-clais lindi, Trip.² 986 . i tig fir arclaid iasc i mmuir ethiíar, LU p. 310 note d . iss e atclaid na hiasco fo [ṡ]náad fo moirib, ZCP iii 239.z . ?afraigid, rīg Macha aurc[h]laidmig far mbū tesorcid far mbroit catch your cows(?), TBC-I¹ 3456 (the siglum for m seems to be later (edd.): leg. aurclaidid?) (cf. afraigid rig M. aurclichid ┐rl., 3081 ). ?With meaning of con-claid digs: ite cen meth . . . / acclaidset múr nAlinde `dug the rampart of A.', Metr. Dinds. ii 82.z . (roclaisead, acláiset, conclaidhsid v. ll.). Possibly also: ra accallset sída fo thalmain dóib, MU² 9 (referred in Gloss. to ad-gíalla, see ad-gíall(n)a).

(b) Legal inculpates, renders liable: trí aurrach nád accladat ríg three requisitions which do not inculpate a king, Críth G. 559 . sleth . . . atá tucht ad-claid bein .i. ce[n] [eri]cc i saide dia fir there is one way in which it inculpates a woman, ZCP xv 351 § 40 . mana airigt[h]er fair isin treide seo, ni sui meth forsin ceili de [mad]claid airigu[d] dilis if the testing inculpates (of testing malt), xiv 348.14 , xv 259.36 . ata orba nad aclaidead, Laws iv 154.12 . ni haclaide (sic. ?Leg. -ed) ain bo do tarb, 156.21 . ni hacluid fuata nathgabala, ii 82.1 . ní haclaid tuinide do berar bealltaine .i. ní tabuir aclaidh fair um inní for a roibhe a thuinidhe o bealltaine go bealltaine, O'D. 625 ( H 3.17, col. 465 - 466 ). ár ní haclaid nach toirisiudh co nairille, 592 ( H 3.17, col. 448 ). ni aclaid selb tuinide liuin .i. nocho tabair aclaid arin liuntach, O'Curry 428 ( H 3.18, 233a ) = Laws iv 270.7 . ma imgabaid eces dama, ni acclaid crod a thigi it does not make the property of his house liable, ZCP xvi 222.17 . as-comrar na arcechlath I have paid and it has not rendered me liable, Bürgschaft 18 § 56 .

ad-guid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-guid or dil.ie/467
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aicde, adguidhi, -aic[d]im, -aicde, ad-guid, ad-guidet, ad-guidter, -aic[d]ither, ad-guiter, -aicditer, aicc, ciatgeis, adrogestar, -argesatar, -aiciste, adrogesta, atgaith, adrogatsa, adrogaid, adroegaid, adraeghaid, -urguid, -árgaid, atraegatar, atrogessa, aicde

v (* ad-(ath-?)-guid, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 551 ). Palatal quality in pres. forms prob. due to the influence of the vn. aicde, see GOI p. 355 . Indic. pres. 1 s. adguidhi, RC xvii 230.15 (Tig.). aicdiu (prot. for deut.), Bürgschaft 15 § 51 . -aic[d]im, O'D. 2330 (Rawl. B 506, 35c). 2 s. -aicde, Bürgschaft 28 § 75 . 3 s. ad-guid, Laws v 272.8 . 3 pl. ad-guidet, Laws iv 346.17 Comm. Pass. sg. ad-guidter, O'Curry 853 (H 3.18, 386b). -aic[d]ither, ZCP xiii 22.8 . Pl. ad-guiter, -aicditer, ZCP xiii 22.16, 17 . Ipv. 2 s. aicc (see GOI § 588 ), Laws ii 130.9 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ? ciatgeis, ZCP iii 37.33 . Pass. pl. (with ro) adrogestar, O'Curry 2396 (Eg. 88, 31a). -argesatar, Laws v 366.1 . Subj. impf. pass. sg. -aiciste, Ériu ii 106 § 16 . With ro: adrogesta, Laws iv 210.8 . Pret. 3 s. atgaith, Ériu ii 4.6 ? Perf. 1 s. adrogatsa, O'Curry 876 (H 3.18, 393a). 3 s. adrogaid, AU i 368.18 . adroegaid (cf. ad-goa), LU 9810 . adraeghaid, Anecd. i 42.15 . -urguid (leg. -árgaid), Laws v 476.24 . 3 pl. atraegatar, Anecd. i 42.16 . Pass. pl. atrogessa, Anecd. i 42.18 .

Vn. aicde.

Used with 2 macc, naidm(m), 1 ráth as obj. in sense of invoking sureties or guarantees for the fulfilment of legal obligations: dlega[i]r do cach déorad dé saigid a nadma[e] amal ad-rogesta[e] ind `for every exile of God is obliged to invoke their suretyship as though he himself had been invoked for it', Ériu xvii 66 § 7 ( Laws iv 210.8) . ní i n-aiccditer fir nime ┐ soscéla[e] Crist, ib. adrogatsa macu id gialli, O'Curry 876 (H 3.18, p. 393a) `i.e. I bound pledges [binding myself] to thy service', Plummer MS. notes. fiach dleghar dim . . . ad-guidiu macu inna híc, Bürgschaft 17 § 53 . `aicdiu' ol in feichem dia ndligther I give a guarantee, 15 § 51 . cadet tri gnima nadma? . . . imc[h]oimet neic[h] a n-aicdither, 13 § 43 . at-guidh in feichem ara-téit nadmen hi slan i.e. the debtor (on whose behalf the surety acts) invokes suretyship as a guarantee of compensation, 26 § 74 . aicc macu i n-ogslan co n-oghicc in[n]a raithe so furnish guarantees for complete compensation . . . of this surety, ib. atait tri nadmanda la feine nad roithead ní a n-aicaidter, Laws iv 56.26 . nit nadmanna na ratha adguidter ina dilsi, O'Curry 1767 (RIA 23 Q 6, p. 36b). atait secht nadmand segta ce ni argesatar . . ., Laws v 366.1 . lethnadmann . . . nadmann són ad-guiter dond ala leth ┐ ni aicditer dind leith eli i.e. suretyships which are invoked by one side but not by the other, ZCP xiii 22.16 , Bürgschaft 10 § 27 , ZCP xv 366.11 . lethslan fir (leg. fair?, ed.) .i. lethslan forsan mbidba[i]d, a lleth n-aill forsan flaith ad-guid in giall, Bürgschaft 77.26 . flaith atnuguid (leg. at-nguid, Bürgschaft 77 ), Laws ii 136.22 Comm. saigid feich a naicditar o mnai i.e. claiming a debt for which he has been invoked as surety, Laws v 308.18 . im coimet neich a naicdicher ar na tormastar ni fair, O'Curry 58 (H 3.18, p. 21a). is tar folta adguidet armaic friu, 803 (H 3.18 p. 372a). aic maccu dó samlaid 'appoint sureties for it thus', Cáin Ónae 38 § 2 . ? ben adguid aitire De no duine i fomatu a cuirp (of a woman for whose violation a man is not fined), Laws v 272.8 ( O'Dav. 913 ) (`eine Frau, die die `aitire' Gottes (eines Geistlichen) oder eines Menschen erbittet unter Darbietung ihres Leibes', Bürgschaft 73 ). ? nocu naicim imm[f]oichid air imma scuicthib acht maine tistar fo dochor chunnartha, O'D. 2330 (Rawl. B 506 fo. 35c). adguiter fír hOengasa (leg. nO.) . . . fris ┐ fir flatha na nDéisi `the pledge of O. and of the princes of the Déisi is requested as a guarantee for it', Ériu iii 140.170 . adraeghaid . . . Bran . . . ratha i n-ogh na saire seo, atraegatar na flaithi olchena airriu fadeisne . . . it é na ratha atrogesa sunn, Anecd. i 42.15 . conidh and do dechaidh Osraighi i n-dilsi fri leth Cuinn ┐ adrogaidh Maelgualai ri Muman a dilsi, AU i 368.18 `it was there that O. was alienated to Leth Cuinn, (i.e. came into direct dependence on the king of Tara), and Mael Gualai king of Munster warranted this alienation (i.e. pledged himself to renounce all claims to overlordship)', Binchy PICCS I p. 130 (1962). imroraid ni bad shairiu ara n-aiciste a chumachta that his power should be invoked, Ériu ii 106 § 16 . Note also: duli Dé adroegaid raith / tucsat dal bais forsin rig which he invoked as sureties(?), LU 9810 .

ad-tluichethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-tluichethar or dil.ie/585
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: atluchur, atlochur, atlochor, atluchedar, atluachathar, adluigethar, -atlaigethar, atlochomar, atlóch[a]tar, atlaigthe, atlaiged, atligid, atluchfam, atluchestar, atlugestar, atlaigestar, altoighte, attlugud, atlaigid, altaigid

v (* ad-tluch-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 650 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. atluchur, Wb. 3b19 . atlochur, LU 9939 . atlochor, 2998 . 3 s. atluchedar, Ml. 128c3 . atluachathar, ZCP iv 242.11 (= atluchatar, Ériu iii 2. y ). adluigethar (MS. atluidethar ), 13 (= atluchetar, ibid. 4.1 ). -atlaigethar, 18 (= atlaighedar, ibid. 6 ). 1 pl. atlochomar, Ériu iii 2.1 . 3 pl. atlóch[a]tar, ZCP iv 241.5 . Ipv. 2 s. atlaigthe, Thes. ii 318.5 (Hy. ii). 3 s. atlaiged, ZCP vii 311 § 8 . 2 pl. atligid, Wb. 27b24 . Fut. 1 pl. atluchfam, Wb. 17a2 . Pret. 3 s. atluchestar, Mon. Tall. 150.17 . atlugestar, LU 10930 . atlaigestar, 10787 . Vbl. of necess. altoighte, O'Gr. Cat. 469.5 . Vn. attlugud.

Later as simple vb. atlaigid, altaigid.

(a) gives thanks (generally with buidi) to (DO): atluchfam buidi do Dia, Wb. 17a2 . atluchedar buidi do Día, Ml. 128c3 . altaigis a buidi do Dia, Ériu ii 186.26 . altaigis buide dia Art, ZCP viii 103.8 . an duine adluigethar buidhi a deghmaine do Dhía, ZCP iv 242.13 . With ellipsis of buidi and accus. of thing for which thanks are returned: atluchur do dia ce rubaid fo pheccad nachibfel, Wb. 3b19 . atlochur do Dia i n-etad / innocht dom ḟeis óenfeccad, LU 9648 . atlochur dom ríg / . . . / bith dom churp co sáim, LU 9939 . atlochur dom chumachtaib ar Conchobar rothascair etc., LL 12983 . ro altuighsium fo Dhia inad a reclésa dh 'foillsiugud dó, Lism. L. 4744 . dlegar duit a flaíth / altaig cech maith dó, KMMisc. 276.4 . ad-lochar don fhlaith rom chum / a ndearnadh d'éigceart orum, Aithd. D. 74.7 . innmhe as altoighte d'fior an estate to be thankful for, O'Gr. Cat. 469.5 . ro chuala nicon ro atlaigestar m'athairse a chuit riam I have heard that my father never gave thanks for his share, LL 279a2 . altaigid a proind, ZCP vii 311 § 8 . caithit tuara ┐ dig, atluiget iar sin, xiii 30.2 . beiridh a bhuidhe ré Dia a theacht / ┐ altaighidh a éisteacht `and be grateful for having heard him', Atlantis iv 148.19 . Folld. by FRI (LA): atlaigim fri Dia ar forclid aile imalle frind ic foillsiugud na noem corp sin, PH 1579 . altaigim mo grassa re Dia I give thanks to God, Fier. 123 . níor altuigheas rem Airdrígh, DDána 46.5 . altuigh an troimthiodhlacadh sa léd thigherna, Mac Aingil 4983 . altaigit ina huile poipleacha la Dia . . . na mōrmīrbaili forcaomnagair `gave thanks to God . . . for the great miracles which had been wrought', Fl. Earls 140.28 .

(b) rejoices at (with accus.): atlaigestár bethaid a brathar he rejoiced that his brother was alive, LU 10787 (TE). atlugestar a céli a ndogéni friss her husband rejoiced at what she had done for him, 10930 . ro attlaigestar E. in scél sin, TTr.² 80 . cech met ro atlaigset ┐ forbailigset crochad Críst, LB 154b8 . roatlaigh a scaradh re hiffern, ZCP iii 33.24 . roatlaigset a naigenta ┐ a nimraiti ar torachtain a forba . . . fen, Ériu viii, 20.3 .

(c) For do-tluichethar: atluidestar comruc friu she gave thanks for having met them , ACL iii 326.8 . Cf. tothluigim .i. altaighim, ut est, tothluigim techt i tegh co righ, O'Dav. 1565 (= tothluighther techt, Ériu xiii 40 ) ( athlochar techt, IT iii 51.6 ).

áeraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áeraid or dil.ie/639

Forms: áerad, áertha

v (áer): ce nonmolid ce nonairid `whether ye blame us' (gl. per gloriam et ignobilitatem), Wb. 16a1 . satirizes, lampoons: nir' áerad lia muintir / Cenn-faelad abb Bennchuir, Fél. Apr. 8 . cein mair molthiar . mairg áerthiar Áed, LU 355 (ACC). mairg in íath ecnairc airthíar, 357 . ni romaerad-sa . . . riam i cinaid mo drochthidnacuil, RC iii 178.8 . asbert in fili nod naírfed dia áithgiud ┐ no áerfad a athair. . ., LU 10947 . ba dībech in rī frisna filedu: ranaersat co tarla teora bolga corcra for a grūaid, ZCP vii 300.17 . ( Ériu xiii 46 ). diabul n-eirce feib aighthe aertar, Laws v 228 x . ni aora, ní áorthar munab tar toirgsin ngill día ghruaidhe gris, Ériu xiii 17.18 . fili .i. fī a n-aoras ┐ lī a mmolas . . ., Corm. Y 600 = filidh .i. ani ærais, Auraic. 669 ; ani aorus, 3308 . nus-oerub ┐ nus-anfialub, RC xii 90 § 115 . no āerad ┐ no molad cach, MacCongl. 9.3 . ro aorsat iaramh muintir Uiginn, AFM iv 818.6 .

Vn. áerad. Part. áertha, Tec. Corm. § 7.16 . IGT Verbs § 80 .

1 áes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áes or dil.ie/644

Forms: āis, áesa, aíse, áeis

n o, n. g s. āis, Corm. Y 322 , Ériu iv 158 § 35 . Later also áesa, aíse. Later f. áeis f., IGT Decl. § 14 .

(a) age, years (of persons, etc.): ce méit as [s]inu aís quam Abracham , Wb. 34a5 . is a cétnae nais gl. Cuius primam aetatem, Ml. 87b10 . is ed a n-áess cétna atáat, Trip.² 1381 . cia hais a roibi M. . . . a n-ais a da bliadan dec, YBL 155a32 . gach mac . . . da raibi a n-aeis in Airdrīgh who was the same age as the high king (i.e. Christ), ACL iii 245 § 22 . secht mbliadnai fil inna aes, BDD² 1140 . it mathi ind óicc ina n-aes, 897 . is e laech a aesa is dech ro bai a nErinn the best warrior for his age, TBFr. p. 15 § 1 . Murchad . . . / macc a āisse as ḟerr co n-anmain, Bruchst. i 14 § 24 ( IT iii 74 § 35 ). cinnas a aesa-sum in meic bic sin innossa, TBC-LL¹ 845 . is áis cēt bliadan dam `I am a hundred years of age, ZCP vi 58.15 . aois áiridhe ┐ foghluim iomchubhaidh (qualifications of candidate for orders), Parrth. Anma 3107 . ar a.¤ in the matter of age, in years: cia ba nóidenán ar áes (: ingaes) `though he was a babe in years', Thes. ii 291.16 (Hy. i). ingen bad chomadais dó ar aís ┐ cruth, LU 10187 . mású ar aís m'athar, as sinem and Éndae Cromm if it be a question of my father's age, Trip.² 1485 . íar n-áesaib according to age: a fari dúib iar n-aesaib, LU 9052 ( FB § 80 . ) mithig anad do báesaib / nocha n-iar n-áesaib tíagair it is high time to desist from folly, it is not according to age that one goes (to death), ACL iii 215.6 . Fig. cia áis in lái anosa? what time is it?, Acall. 505 v.l. cetain ar ai laithi sechtmaine ┐ ochtmadh uathad ar aí aessa esci as regards the age of the moon, AU ii 152.2 . ?cia on cotagair aesa éscai, LL 1564 . With qualifying words: iar n-ais toga the age of choice (i.e. of marriage or otherwise), Ir. Recht 37.28 . a n-ais ica leth dire, Laws v 150.25 Comm. riasiu thi aes cadhnuigh doibh, ii 46.15 Comm. go bhfuilim i n-aois óg-laoich (i.e. thirty years), Dán Dé xxv 39 . a n-áis tserruig when it is a colt, Ériu iv 214.26 .

(b) stage, period (of life): ho oclachas ón, cenid ed as chetnae náis in homine, Ml. 44c26 . colamna āis .i. aimsera āis .i. naoidendacht etc., (of the seven ages of man), Corm. Y 322 . teit i n-oesaib co fo tri / gach oen fhothraigios eiste `life's stage is traversed thrice', SG 248.32 . Specifically of youth, prime: is dered dot' āeis (of a woman past her beauty), ZCP vi 266 § 6 . i tuile a ratha ┐ a áissi dó, CCath. 353 . Of old age: co háis ┐ chríne, LL 283b9 . uile attrebthaide na cathrach etir áes ┐ áetid old and young, LL 220b42 . ( TTr. 270 ). i sliab n-óited i fiadach (fidach v.l.) n-aise (ais v.l.), RC xxvi 26 § 92 . beimmi cen aes, cen érchra, sunn co brath, Trip.² 274 . cen ais cen forcend, PH 7125 . i n-a ligi áisi . . . ár ṅdichur a ṅgascid, CRR § 14 . fleadh aíse the Feast of Age, one of the festivals of the Túatha Dé Danann: do bhídís T.D.D. . . . ag caithiomh Fleidhe Aoise ann gach síoth fá seach, Atlantis iv 118.26 . ag caithiomh na Fleighe Aoise go súbhach, 138.28 . Fig. feadh an laoi-si ma fhleadhaibh / bu fleadh aoisi d'fhileadhaibh, Ériu v 54.z .

(c) lifetime: dochaith se dā trian a aisi ┐ a aimsiri re gaisced, RC x 190.26 . is and robaí in domun immedon a aísi ┐ a brotha ┐ a borrfaid, LL 235a30 . Colum co crábud co ngrís / dom snádud iar n-aís for nem, LL 4815 . gur chaitheas urmhór m'aoise, Dán Dé xi 7 . feadh m'aoise throughout my days, xv 2 . In phrase ó (a) aís all (his) life: a ndor-airngred duit ót áis, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.7 . amal bid occaib nobeith o ais as if he had been at them all his life, RC x 78.16 . ar tí Temra duit ot áis, `since thou art intent upon Temair for thyself' Cog. 124.3 `all thy life', Ériu ii 87 . ben Chaim Oliuan o haís all her life, LL 16478 ( RC xlvii 290.6 ).

(d) age of the world, era: is d'aes tānaissi, nī tār / ō dīlinn co Abrahám, ZCP iii 17.9 . fodhailter in aimsear . . . a bliadhain i saegul, a saegul i n-aeis, MR 108.6 . an tan fá haois don Tighearna, 447 , Keat. ii 6142 .

(e) In phrases with úair: as í sin aes ┐ uair ro ghabh íttu Diarmait that was the very time when, Acall. 2321 . as i sin . . . aes ┐ uair dobi imshnim mor ar menmain Ioib, TTebe 2595 . ó do riacht chuice co haes na huairi sin till that very moment, Acall. 1625 . on luan re samain go hais na huaire seo, ZCP x 301.20 .

aicbéile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicbéile or dil.ie/751

n , f. (aicbéil)

(a) terribleness, fierceness: ra hacbeile a cned, TBC-LL¹ 3637 . re a n-aigmhéile mun mBaoill mbuig, DDána 95.13 .

(b) In Laws Comm. used (somet. with forcraid and etallas) of defects in various articles and transactions and translated `dangerous (nature)': slan dfir in carbait ce foglaid in carbat risium, acht na raib fis crine na etallais na haicbeille, iii 266.1 . madh si in chual ro fuachtnaig and iar na gnimugud ┐ iar suigigud ┐ ní roibe fis forcraide na haicbeile na hetfollais aice, 174.14 . na huile denta so . . . ó na [bia fis] forcraid no aicbeile no etallais . . . is slan iat, 166.19 . d'aicbeile na hoidida, 422.13 . is e fath fodera ar a aicbeile `because of its dangerous nature', 220.5 . ar a lasnaighe ┐ ar a aicmeile in duine `dangerous nature of the person' (of an epileptic), 508.19 .

ainfesach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainfesach or dil.ie/1328

Forms: aimfesach

adj o, ā (fesach). Also aimfesach.

(a) ignorant: is econn ainbfesach . . . na briathra sin do rádh, Stair Erc. 1417 . maigisder aimfesach, Ir. Gl. 392 . innis dúinn . . . na scéla, óir atámait ainmfesach, RC xxiv 371.7 . ní háil linn bhar mbeith ainbhfiosach do thaoibh na marbh, TSh. 5869 . ce bes a.¤ isna tosaigib dlighenn sé bheith a.¤ annsa ní atá andiagh na tosach, O'Curry 2222 ( Eg. 88 f. 16(17)b ). ainmhfhesach a suidiuchud na sdairi so, ZCP xiii 179.27 . do badur ainfhisach a n-inntind Iruaith um ceann an Mhacaimh they were ignorant of Herod's intentions, Smaointe B. Chr. 888 . cidh ainmfisach fort-sa sin though you are ignorant of that, Grail 16.z . In mock n.pr. Ainbfesach mac Becceoluis, Anecd. ii 49 § 10 . As subst. ní marsin do chroidhe a nainbhfiosaigh `the heart of the foolish doeth not so', Proverbs xv 7 . an tainbhfiosach do theagasg, Donlevy 196.5 .

(b) rough, rude: arán amh ainbhfiosach sean-eorna, O'Rah. 236.18 = arán omh úrgharbh, PCT 52 . tug amus ainbfeasach amhchaoin ar Chonall, 519 .

ainimme

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainimme or dil.ie/1405

n (imbe) bad or defective fence: mad caithe tar airbe ┐ bid anime is leth-cathaidh fil ann, ar conlui an anime in cathaigh `for the defective fence lessens(?) the trespass', Ériu x 115 § 40 ( Laws iv 124.30 ). cadiad caithe aile? a nastad it seilb cene fola (= ce ni folo) aile an uir ┐ rathus anime fort iarsuidiu the responsibility for a defective fence rests on thee, ib. (140.23-4). icad cach cinaid a claid di cach anime do-rona nech ina tir do neoch forroi `let each (co-tenant) pay the liability of his ditch in respect of each defective fence which any one (of the co-tenants) has made in his land, to anyone whom it (i.e. the defective fence) may have injured', ib. ( Laws iv 220.11 ). lán fiach ma[d] tar lán ime, trian ma[d] tri anime, O'Curry 722 ( H 3.18, p. 346 ).

ainmne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainmne or dil.ie/1478

Forms: a., ainmnedha

n nt, gender uncertain in O. Ir., see GOI p. 208 . Later f. a.¤ (g s. id. n p. id. and ainmnedha), IGT Decl. § 3 . See Vendr. Lex., Lochlann ii 208 .

(a) patience, forbearance: is hécen a.¤ occo gl. per patientiam expectamus, Wb. 4a26 . a.¤ do chach fria chéile, 27b17 . a.¤ frim peccad, 28a14 . remcaissen ┐ ainmnet (g s.), Ml. 114a18 . iar n-ainmnit cen digail fora naimtea `after patient waiting without punishing His enemies', 83a8 . na dene ainmnit gl. noli in tua patentia sustinere, 55a1 . inna ainmnetea gl. patientias, Ml. 99a5 (an artificial pl. formation, GOI loc. cit.). dech cecha áilche a.¤ , LL 294a39 . a.¤ cen debaid, Tec. Corm. § 1.4 . a.¤ a.¤ a Patraic . . . ropridchais dilgud tabair dilgud dún, LU 9763 ( RC vi 164.25 ). íar mórenmne ┐ iar mórṡóethar, Trip.² 3101 . trí maic beres féile do ainmnit, Triads 143 . celebrad cóir co n-ainmnit, Ériu ii 64 § 4 . a.¤ fri cech rēt cor imrāiter, ZCP iii 25.15 . rop forus [n-]ainmnet an abode of patience (of a ruler), Críth G. 529 and n. maniba t'ainmnet . . . nut scaílfeth nert cumachta Dé, Trip.² 860 (g s.? manibit ainmnit (.i. ciúin) v.l.; cf. ainmnet .i. ciuin (quoting this passage), O'Dav. 189 ). do-gní a.¤ has patience: lúagh na hainmne[t] doronnai in gilla(i) forsin fairgi, SCano 142 ( Anecd. i 5.21 ). dogēnsam a.¤ uime though we are(?) patient about it, ACL iii 295 § 22 . doronsad a.¤ co cend tri la, BB 266a24 . mo chean do-rinne an a.¤ , DDána 120.21 .

(b) forbearance from food, abstinence: ba a.¤ ara mbeba (.i. do ítaid atbath .i. do lugu digi), ACC § 82 ( RC xx 266 ). ra threic a chraes ar anmne, ib. ara ainmni ┐ ar a oene, § 121 (ib. 400 ). ró aslacht foraib a.¤ do dénum ó theirt co hesbartain, Trip.² 2790 . atá sund lūag th'a.¤ seo, Ériu i 46.8 . a.¤ ara tibertar fochraic, Lism. L. 4406 .

ainricht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainricht or dil.ie/1510

n (richt)

(a) unpleasant form, dreadful appearance: ba se doroine na h-anrechta ut batar forsin muigh (of stones changed into monsters), RC xliii 84 § 86 . trí cain docelat éitchi: sobés la anricht, Triads 84 . an duine ad-chí aniogh i niort / ag so i márach é i n-ainriocht, Dán Dé xxv 19 . In phrase do-beir i n-a.¤ : dorat Ísu i n-anrecht though Jesus changed her form (of a woman changed into a mermaid), LU 3066 . issed dom beir i n-anrichtt, IT i 123.10 . is he . . . domrad a n-ecruth ┐ a n-aindricht, Anecd. i 77.14 .

(b) evil plight: gurop lan d'fuath is d'anricht, `may it be full of hatred and evil plight', RC xxiii 402.z . ar mharthain i n-annriocht spás, Ó Bruad. iii 116.7 . a n-anreachtaibh uilc ┐ urbhadha, ML 130.27 . créad an t-ainriocht 'na mbíd anmanna na bpeacthach ndamanta i n-ifreann, TSh. 6461 . mar thig dhe duine do chor sna hainreachtaib uathbhásacha so, 1102 .

Cf. aimricht.

airáin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airáin or dil.ie/1590

n (áin, lit. driving before , see Meyer, RC xxxiii 97 ).

(a) forefront, vanguard: ní dheanuinn uráin ágha / sní imghabhainn urána, Duan. F. i 19.4 . [fear nar] sheacain [uráin] áigh, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 12 . Cf. forbuise cocaidh ┐ errain, ALC i 270.15 . ind ócbud berte innurain nellaig (annurain nellaig, inurain nell-, inurrain nella v.l.), Fianaig. 24.19 `who carry (i.e. lead) the vanguard of the combat', RC xxxiii 98 . adv Adverbial in sense of ahead, in forefront etc. (cf. remáin): dodeochaid trī cōicdaib ōclach riasna slūagaib aurāin co tānic co hA., ZCP viii 309.30 . m'animm la haingliu eráin / nimthair duinebad gelain, LB 242b83 . Perh. also in: conecmaingsem aurain (urain, airain, ærain, v.l.) / ar cenn fri cenn Enair, Fél. Ep. 7 .

(b) refusal (of hospitality) (lit. perh. driving on [a guest to the next house]) (cf. esáin, Críth G. p. 87 ): biathad cen airain neich cen daim techta. ni fuiben enecland arain dar daim techta ar ni heitech do neoch nad o daim techta ci asto i.e. everyone should be fed without refusal when the number of guests is below the proper number. Refusal does not injure honour-price when the number of guests is beyond the proper number, Laws ii 386.y ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law p. 52 ). cach gaire ina cirt . . . .i. na tartar airan fair, Laws iii 36.z Comm.

(c) excess, over-plus: is dilus cin a íc beth urain ann, Laws i 278.16 Comm. in urain bes idir da eneclainn na fetheman, 294.y Comm. forcruigh ndaine do biathudh no urain bidh doibh, ii 28.19 Comm. [i]s aire do berur seoit urain ar altrum na hingine, 152.5 Comm. (i.e. more than for a boy). aisec na hurana . . . dilsi na hurana, O'D. 1576 (H. 5.15, 6a). luid fo recht, ard eráil (erain v.l.), Fél. Jan. 1 . erain no erail .i. imforcraid (quoting this passage) ┐ adeir in Muimnech ní fil erain duit, O'Dav. 780 . ní furain damsa mo riar `for me not excessive is my claim', RC xx 52.5 (ACC) (cf. furain .i. iomarcaidh, O'Cl.). In artificial explanations in legal glosses e.g. rath tar airdig .i. tar iaraindig, in imarcraid do berar in rath ar in uraindigh ar in dig urain, Laws ii 262.6 Comm. rath tar airdig .i. cia ernithar imarcrad ratha . . . ar in urain dighe, O'Dav. 979 . dilsi na hurandigi ┐ in rath tar airdig, O'D. 1620 (H. 5.15, 14b). an diupairt .i. a uranepirt, Laws iii 6.29 Comm. diubairt .i. urain eiperta, O'Curry 1755 ( 23 Q 6, 34 ab ). diubartach .i. urain-epertach, Laws i 54.21 Comm.

(d) In sense of heed, attention, salutation see 2 uráin, urán.

? airchlos

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? airchlos or dil.ie/1732

n (clos) fame, repute: mí-érchlos `evil report', Ml. 22b1 . Broen macc T. . . . cadla a erchloss fon mbith , Bruchst. i 50 § 110 (= erchlos, AU i 400.10 . aerclos, AFM i 530.6 ). linfaid t'erchlos Erendmag, LL 287a28 . ?Attrib. g s. ossar erclois ordaín aín, BB 278b5 = eirclos, Leb. Cert. 204 .

airet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airet or dil.ie/1949
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: airet, eret, erat, arat

n (*ari + fot, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 177 ff. ?Cf. senairotib, Thes. ii 239.18 . Gender doubtful. Orig. o, n., O'Rahilly. Taken as f. in Sg. 148a6 by GOI p. 157 , see below, and treated as f. in later language. airet, Wb. 25d1 . eret, Ml. 107d8 etc., Sg. 148a6 . erat, Ml. 33a1 . arat, 80b7 .

Length, interval, space (of time, less freq. also of space), later amount, quantity. Very frequent in conjunctive and adverbial phrases.

I

(a) is ed á eret is gessi dia cene ṁbether in hac uita this is how long, Ml. 107d8 . is ed a erat fritammiurat inna huli, 33a1 . á eret tias in cascc isin mís how late E. falls in the month, Thes. ii 39.25 . a oired ba ferr dó ar bánbiudh a time of similar duration during which he fared better as regards white meat, Hib. Min. 67.4 . iss ed eret no bitis Ulaid insin i mMaig M., LU 3223 ( SCC § 1 ). Of space: lagat inna saigte . . . ┐ a arat dia tochuirther `the distance from which it is shot', Ml. 80b7 . is he a.¤ sain rosaig / lassar lái brátha brethaig, SR 2531 .

(b) a.¤ as long as, as far as: a.¤ nombeinn isnaib imnedaib, Ml. 59a22 . a.¤ mbete im theglachsa, BDD² 312 . a.¤ bés . . . a cutrumesi do súg inda curpsom `so long . . . as there is this much juice in his body', Mon. Tall. 150.39 (§ 61) . a.¤ nat negar `so long as it is not washed', 155.24 (§ 67) . erett bett aboss 'ga tigh, BColm. 98.32 . Eas Rúaid heret aiges núall as long as Assaroe resounds, Ériu iv 150.27 . airiut ba beo iat, Marco P. 98 . eiret tēiti uiseōc as high as a lark soars, TBC-I¹ 3613 . oiret teit cloch a taball, PH 3040 . See Hull, ZCP xxix 121 - 2 . With co: airet co facaidh cnoc, CCath. 1449 . airet co tainic de, 4622 .

(c) With article: an a.¤ ropsa béo, Trip.² 1434 . a n-a.¤ ro bátar sruithi Eirend occó ari, 2996 . an oired dobi-seom a C.C. as long as, RC xviii 268.11 (Tig.). an oiread ro bí M. ag rádha a shoiscéla, Imr. Brain i 65.4 . in a.¤ bātar ag dēnomh na hadmhāla, Fl. Earls 64.3 . in oiriut tra do geb in tuasal neach bus cutruma res in isul `as long as (i.e. provided) the noble gets an advocate equal in rank to the man of lower class', Laws ii 84.24. Comm. Of space: an airat ro soich a scor sidhe for gach leith `as far as their `scor'-lands extend on every side', Laws iv 226.z . in oiret dochoid how far, PH 3039 .

In mixed construction with both article (or prep.?) and poss.: ina a.¤ báttar fein ar foccra during the period of their proscription, AFM vi 1974.3 .

(d) With cia how long, how far? cia arat gl. quandiu, Ml. 32d22 . cia a.¤ co tíchtin nancrist how long (it will be) till the coming, Wb. 25d1 . ce hairead uathaibh go tír how far they were from land, BB 39a26 . With rel. clause: cia eret mbete oc m ingraimmim se? `how long will they be persecuting me?' Ml. 33a9 . cia hairett atáidh sunn?, RC xxvi 376.8 . nocon fess cairet rochúaid how far, RC xiii 442 § 15 . cia a.¤ imthéit? how far does it go? TBC-LL¹ 1146 .

(e) With article and demonstr. in adverbial phrase for that long, during that (amount of) time (case of a.¤ doubtful, see O'Rahilly and Thurn. ad loc. cit. In most exx. apparently a s. of a fem. noun): ind eret sa gl. tandiu, Ml. 114b14 . ?inn heret sin imbói, Sg. 148a6 (so O'Rahilly loc. cit.; accus., GOI p. 157 ) i.e. during the time he was in Rome. ni rabe isin bith ní dognethe in n-eret sin léu acht cluchi, LU 3225 ( SCC § 1 ). at forbaeltiseom in n-a.¤ sin, 2277 . fífat-sa forsna slógaib in n-a.¤ sin, 6312 (TBC). inn-airet-sain during that time, RC xiii 110 § 147 .

II

(a) amount, quantity, usually in phrases meaning as much as, etc.: in óiret cétna as much again, Maund. 212 . in oirid sin `so much as that', Aen. 2558 . a naei n-a.¤ `nine times the value (of the thing stolen)', Marco P. 41 . is i an oiread (uirid, MS.), O'Gr. Cat. 307.30 . aiseoguidh sé seacht noirid he shall restore seven fold, Proverbs vi 31 . sudh mérsi ┐ sugh fenéil oired da gach sugh `of either juice an equal bulk', O'Gr. Cat. 225.4 .

(b) In phr. in a.¤ sin DI so much (of): inn a.¤ sin da slúag that many of their host, MU² 681 . anuireadsa do chuidiughadh, Carswell 20.7 . an oiret sin do leic oigre, Marco P. 225 . Note also: a oirett shin ele d'airde do beith ann that it was as high again, BNnÉ 71 § 121 . With mixed construction: a rád . . . co ndingenad Dia . . . ina airett sin d'éccórad `would do such injustice', Maund. 118 .

(c) With prep. FRI: na losa . . . dobertai . . . do C. doberedh oired ris fein d'Fir diad dib sin gave as much to F.D. as he took for himself, TBC-LL¹ p. 517 n.9 . dogebuir oired rium-sa dhe you shall share it equally with me, ZCP vi 99.6 . beth ar uired re og mac to be on the same terms with, Fen. 348.22 . nár tualaing iadsan oiret re Mac Conmara do dénam could not do as much as M., Caithr. Thoirdh. 85.10 . ar oiret aimsire fris of the same age as he, AFM v 1734.24 . go rabhadar Laighin cheithre uiread do shluagh ré fearaibh Mumhan `had a host four times as numerous', Keat. iii 3212 . go bhfuil a urad d'ughdardhas agam fein leis an mbiobla, Luc. Fid. 323.16 . na hiarr duais ach uiread leó look not for any more reward than they do, Measgra D. 7.112 .

(d) With ocus and rel. clause: uiread grádha . . . ┐ atá aige dhó féin, Desid. 6041 . urad as do bhí ag Criosd, Luc. Fid. 323.16 . Note also: a uiread . . . ┐ a ttiobhra Dia dhuit, Desid. 4600 . oiread (uiriod, MS.) a bhfuarais aréir as much as you got last night, Ériu i 97.y .

(e) With gen. as much as, even (in neg. and condit. clauses): gan uiret deilcc bruit do bhúain da fhiodhbadh not to take even athorn, Anecd. iii 6.12 . a.¤ in grain[n]e musdaird do ṡeirc Isa, Marco P. 8 . airead copán as much as a single cup, ZCP viii 563 § 18 . gu hoiread an fhocail dhíomhaoin as lúgha dá ndubhart even the idlest word I have spoken, Desid. 1177 .

Note also: mór da n-uiredaibh great quantities of them, Aisl. Tond. 132 § 6 .

airgaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airgaire or dil.ie/2006
Last Revised: 2013

io, n. Vn. of ar-gair. (a) act of prohibiting, preventing, hindering; prohibition, check: mandati .i. ropo fochonn gnímo don peccad a n-irgaire the commandment was the occasion of the committing of the sin, Wb. 3c23 . na gníu-sa iár n-airgairiu gl. nam peccatum occas[i]one accepta per mandatum seduxit me, 30 . do irgairiu étrith, 9d1 . do irgairiu cotulta, 25c12 . ergairi cech uilc, Ml. 35c11 . do ergairi neich dia muntair, 48c5 . dia nergairiu do denum huilc, 125a7 . forfeimdes a hergaire i.e. nobody could hinder Balaam from blessing the host, SR 4808 . both oc claide R. . . . dachúas ó Pátraic dia ergairi, Trip.² 2265 . ? ni maithi dam-sa fognam nadnaca ar nimdlegar argaire resíu rogenainn, ZCP xii 365.13 . na dearnais imadall in domnaich dar ar n-urgairi, YBL 118b42 . aurgaire clame, nem-comrac ria i naimsir comberta, O'D. 2373 ( Rawl. B. 506, fo. 45a ). lecud creice cen urgaire, Laws v 366.14 . doluid S. índiaid a dalta dia ergaire ar na tessed ín targraig to prevent him from going, BB 409b40 . ni fairgéba-su ar do cind . . . ergaire mórslúaig bas inraici one better fit to check a great host, LU 4843 (TBC). do tháet G. do aurgairi Ch. (in order to avert a curse), ZCP iii 208.9 . blīadan lān dond filid . . . oc sinnad ┐ oc ainmed Lagen ┐ 'coa n-urgairiu co nā roāsair fēr preventing grass from growing, Otia ii 86 § 3 . dogen-sa urgaire do mucc-su conna pat metha ce beit for mess, IT iii 244.20 . arghaire .i. bacáil nó crosadh, O'Cl. See turgaire. (b) restraint, match (through sexual intercourse), sexual satisfaction : secht mna dia ergaire mani thairsed Flidais 'seven women to curb him ' Ériu iv 26 § 13 . is ferr erghaire (erguiri) uainn best among us at restraining (men) Ériu v 209 n. , ZCP lv 73, 83, 87 .

airíasacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airíasacht or dil.ie/2083

n (íasacht) leave, permission: ní lomethar nech dul dond imdae cen airíasacht (.i. cetugud, H. 3.18 p. 532) dóib, BDD² 1207 . batar íat a geisi . . . techt i ndáil cen airiasacht `to enter an assembly without leave', RC xiv 400.1 ( LL 12571 ). feimed ┐ uriasacht na finechaire `refusal and permission of the family', Laws iii 422.9 Comm. greas airiasachta for indeoin `working on the anvil with permission', Laws v 486.22 . airiasacht cen dunad no dunad cen airiasacht, iv 154.y Comm. is ed is uriasacht and a escail do dul ar a cenn, iii 254.13 Comm. is comairci borblachais gin uriasacht i marbad t'athar, O'Curry 961 ( H 3.18, p. 415 ). inti do fith (= fich) bidbad i tuaith ce[n?] airiasacht do rig no do impir, O'Curry 705 ( H 3.18, p. 340 ). iar nairiasacht ┐ feme[d] dligid, O'D. 844 ( H 3.17, 602 ). madh airiasacht ar aine oc na bi airiassacht fir cota `consent', O'Dav. 108 .

? aithled

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? aithled or dil.ie/2728

ind annam lend a.¤ ce cha lama itiaidsiu, LL 286b15 ( Irish Texts i 35.15 ).

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