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ad-gainethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-gainethar or dil.ie/451

 

Forms: itgeinither, adgainethar, -aithgainethar, adgainemmar, -aidgenetar, -aithgeniter, atgainidis, adgigneadar, athgigned, adgenair, aithg(e)in

v ( aith-gain-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 533 ). Forms: Indic. pres. 3 s. itgeinither, Laws iv 90.1 . adgainethar, Críth G. 563 . -aithgainethar, 564 . 1 pl. adgainemmar, Ml. 66b6 . 3 pl. (pass.?) -aidgenetar, Laws iv 164.2 . -aithgeniter, 5 . Indic. impf. 3 pl. atgainidis, RC xii 92 § 122 . Fut. 3 s. adgigneadar, TBC-I¹ 1106 (adgignethar, LU). Condit. 3 s. athgigned, Ériu ii 104 § 13 . Pret. 3 s. adgenair, AFM ii 710.12 .

Vn. aithg(e)in.

Is reborn: nocha n-athgigned nach duil `no creature would be reborn', Ériu ii 104 § 13 . o ghenair mac Dé . . go héitsecht D. . . . ní adgenair i.e. there was not such another birth, AFM ii 710.12 . In eccles. sense: babtismi .i. adgainemmar ni hi críst, Ml. 66b6 . sacramaint le a n-aithgheintear cách san bheathaidh sbioradālta (of baptism), Parrth. Anma 2794 . In active sense: noch do aithghin sinn `hath begotten us again', 1 Peter i 3 . With pass. form: aithgheintear é . . . do'n Athair néamhdha, Donlevy 394.9 . In legal sense is made good, restitution is made of (in some of the follg. form may bepass.): atat secht n-onai . . . nad adgenedar `seven loans which are not restored', Laws v 370.1 . secht n-airligthe nad adgenethar, 21 . ad-geinit(h)ir seoit saire i n-erenaiter acht ni ima-teilge logad n-airiten i.e. they must be restored in the same condition in which they were conveyed, ZCP xiv 384 § 49 ( Laws ii 312.24 ). ni aithginither ó neich ní nad bronna, O'D. 661 ( H 3.17, 492a ). ni haithginither olc in olc .i. nocha nada geinether olc aithghin is in olc aithgin eile, 662 (H 3.17, 492a). ní ro briathar la cach . . . adgenithar uad dia ceille , Laws iv 100.8 = nad-genethar, O'Curry 25 (H 3.18, p. 11b). mat bala adgenech co noill . . . mani tabra noill adgenither condiri, O'D. 938 (H 3.17, 659a). See also aithgeinid.

1 áine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áine or dil.ie/1261

 

Forms: Áne, nÁne

n [, f.] (án. See Vendr. Lex.)

(a) brightness, glow, radiance: áne thened, Thes. ii 355.26 . áne in teined, Ériu ii 134 § 114 . di etrachtu ┐ ane ┐ soilse a gnuisi, 142 § 152 .

(b) brilliance, wit: Aed oll fri andud nane `Aed great at kindling of brilliance', Thes. ii 295 § 1 . ar aíne a forcedail, Laws iv 356.4 . ar gaís ar á.¤ ar amainse ar chirt, LU 10299 . for mac n-á.¤ eras céille adnad fír, SG 253.28 . Perh. also: áne la dóer, ecna la dodelb, Triads 84 .i. saidhbrios (as if = anae) ag daor neimhnidh, p. 38 . aine .i. ái án no aoi án .i. ealadha mhaith no fios maith, O'Cl.

(c) splendour, glory, fame: arrochiúir a n-á.¤ `their splendour has perished', Fél. Prol. 67 . ar adbud ar áni atronnai . . . .i. ara ainmni ┐ ara áini . . . nó ar adbchlos ┐ ar áini, LU 1132 ( ACC 121 ). is mór a á.¤ in Chassan sin hi fertaib, Trip.² 830 . at banlendan . . . ar do á.¤ ┐ t'urdarcus, LU 8237 ( FB § 18 ). ba comadhais dó ar . . . á.¤ ┐ oitidh ┐ aerdarcus, Ériu xii 164.4 (TE2). ar ḟebas a ṅgascid, ar a n-ani, LL 217b49 ( TTr. 68 ). beandacht orda[i]n, beandacht ā.¤ foraib uili, ZCP viii 560.9 . In bad sense pomp, vainglory: cen úaill n-úabair, cen áni `without pomp', Ériu iii 96 § 4 . ní hane fodruair (.i. ni forbas fodera a denum), Fél. Ep. 97 . Cf. O'Dav. 73 . beauty: díar gáet Luchet co n-áni (: Dáiri), LU 3180 . ba bind mo chocert áni / eter andrib co n-álli, 1303 . a há.¤, a himdercadh, a gart `her beauty' (of Ireland), Ériu iv 146.11 . eagna, ōghdhacht is á.¤ , O'R. Poems 3179 . delight: a mo aine gl. o . . . meum sabium (leg. sauium), Sg. 204b2 . is adbar á.¤ do t'eascairdib `cause of delight', MR 294.8 . aine .i. áineas, O'Cl.

(d) play, sport, amusement: co facaid na cuiléna oc á.¤ , SG 254.15 . ferr lubair āine work is better than play, Anecd. iii 18.20 . airiasacht ar aíne fir anfine ac na bi uiriasacht fir cota . . . [.i.] dul do neoch ar ainechas fein `for his amusement . . . for sport', Laws iii 424.5 , 11 Comm. ; aine .i. aibnes (quoting prec. ex.), O'Dav. 108 (`delight, ut est, if there be a consent for pleasure'). ní bhfuaradar uadh á.¤ nó aoibhneas, ITS xxiv 18.18 .

Note also: iar n-áne iar n-imḟorráin contest, fight (?), LL 15943 (or to be referred to áin ?).

(e) swiftness: ara deni ┐ ara ani in charpait, LU 10179 . aine .i. lúas no déine, O'Cl.

Of one of the grades of bard: bard aine in tochtmhadh bard ┐ ni fil dan laisidhe, IT iii 5.10 v.l.

As n.pr. Áne, LL 3318 . See also O'Rahilly, EIHM p. 288 f. In n.loc. Belach nÁne , LU 5217 .

Cf. áinius.

airbert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbert or dil.ie/1622

 

Forms: oirbeart, -irt, -ta, oirbhirt, -e, -a

n f. Inflected partly as i- partly as a-stem, see GOI p. 449 . Later also m. oirbeart (g s. and n p. -irt, -ta) m., IGT Decl. § 25 . oirbhirt (g s. and n p. -e, -a) f. § 42 . Vn. of ar-beir. IGT Verbs § 83 .

(a) act of using, employing, exercising, practising: epscop dobeir ūasalgráda for nech nā bī tūalaing [a] n-airberta eter chrābud ┐ léigend ( i c. ┐ l., LB 11b46 ), Ériu i 218 § 3 . a.¤ bansgál i n-orgain using women in warfare, Cáin Ad. § 52 . In phrase a.¤ gaiscid: robai C. oc a.¤ (airimbert v.l.) gaiscid hi tuaimim a scēith, TBC-I¹ 1507 . combu thúalaing airbirt gascid, LU 1668 . in tan ro scáig do chách a.¤ a gaiscid, BDD² 1090 .

(b) Hence without qualifying word heroic deed, exploit: intan is mac bec dogní in a.¤ ucut who performs that feat of arms, Ériu i 114 § 3 . Alb na na.¤ , LL 21620 . ro molsat uili maithi na Tr. in oirbert ro triallsat praised the undertaking, Aen. 2087 . do ronsat airbirt tenn treorach attempt, Acall. 3408 . gibé oirbheart do-né neach / ní hoirdhearc é gan eineach `whatever exploit one may do', Studies 1924, 244 § 25 . minic do-rinnis-si . . . oirbheart nā budh nār do neach, O'R. Poems 415 . prowess. valour, courage: a uaisle a oirbheart . . . ag díon clú coróna Saghsan, Aithd. D. 25.17 . an t-Alaxandar . . . tanaiste . . . ar oirbert, Cog. 204.6 . gebtaitt . . . cuicced Ulad re nerbert `by prowess', Fen. 276.16 . imarbaidh einigh ┐ engnamha ┐ oirbearta na h-Erenn . . . d'imradh, MR 94.19 . fer co n-a.¤ , SG 18.33 . an tan ráinig Irial san ríoghacht ┐ doghabh oirbheart ┐ arrachtas ré a ais, Keat. ii 1829 . a.¤ .i. treoir, O'Cl.

(c) Of labour in general exertion, effort: roimigh A. lé oirbert féin `by his own effort', Ériu iii 166 § 22 . acht do rachad rea oirbert fein ina tir duthchais, Ann. Conn. 1315.9 . ni ar a n-a.¤ fein tangatar they did not come of their own will, O'Curry 2536 ( Eg. 88, 44(45)d ). oirbert no imram do denam, CF 57 . tús oirbheart ann mar do éirigh when He began to do things (of Christ), Aithd. D. 77.1 . do-ghéan uime mh'oirbheirt féin I will take my own measures about it, DDána 101.28 . Of making preparation: dēna fēin t'a.¤ colēic (of one being banished), Ériu iii 154 § 8 . In phrase a.¤ catha war equipment (cf. airmert): niba hannsa . . . gabail na nelipint sea fria hairbirt catha sin with that(?) war gear, BB 496a24 (IT ii2 101.) ro gabad . . . airberta in catha, Alex. 575 .

(d) act of practising law, pleading: tar a.¤ faesma in spite of protection being pleaded, Laws i 100.8 Comm. ni tathbongar a.¤ la aneolus, O'Curry 418 ( H 3.18, p. 229b ). dia ndernut serbus oc airbiurt, Laws i 296.4 Comm. recht nairberta .i. cin roairde cin roisli, O'Curry 2280 ( Eg. 88 fo. 21(22)a ). cin astad nairberta, O'Curry 813 ( H 3.18, 375b ). astad airberta ┐ a.¤ aoi iarna hastad, O'D. 560 ( H 3.17, c. 439 ). a ha.¤ feichemnais ┐ breithemnais, Laws iii 90.13 Comm. gan airbhert n-imṡena, Ériu xiii 27.29 ( O'Dav. 161 ). tri cumtaig gáisse . . . dagaigni do airbirt, Triads 178 . aigni airberta (special type of pleader), Ir. Recht 46.x . In phrase bérla n-airberta language of pleading(?): cloch, trī anmann lé .i. onn a īarmbērla, cloch a gnāthbērla, cloech a bērla n-airberta ar inní chlōes cach raod, Corm. Y 213 (or in meaning (e)?).

(e) import, use, application of words: bunad ┐ inde ┐ a.¤ conagar don focul is senchus, Laws i 30.y Comm. eitged . . . a a.¤ .i. a eipert fir ani nach [follus .i.] scoth is in focul [budein], co fagabar and trena tur, iii 90.16 Comm. insci .i. scientia (.i. ecna) a bunadh Laitne. Scothenga a a.¤ , Auraic. 571 . fid fundamentum a bunad Laitne fo edh a hinni fotha no fid ae a a.¤ , 763 . atat da aithfeghad for imchomarc .i. imchomarc iar n-inni thoirni ┐ imchomarc iar n-airbhirt nanairbirenn bith, 1895 . airbheart .i. tuigsi no ciall, O'Cl. cumgi airberta (of women), LL 344d34 . Note also: a.¤ .i. aircetal, ut est a.¤ cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum cen claon ceille , O'Dav. 49 .

(f) In phrase a.¤ biuth (bith) (d s. of 1 bith world, see GOI p. 162 ) act of using, enjoying: a.¤ biuth comlabrae gl. bonorum ussu `the use of speech', Ml. 59a10 . ind erbert biuth gl. ut ipsarum rerum possit illis manere certa profussio uel functio, 68b14 . Esp. of food: ba ṅdílmain dossom a.¤ biuth di thorud a precepte, Wb. 10d14 . cid tol dó a.¤ biuth inna túare, 11b18 . rann aile do airbirt bith doibsom `another part to be eaten by them', 10d18 . oc airbirt biuth coirp Crist, 11b14 . do erbeirt biuth gl. esui, Ml. 20d1 . ind erbert biuth, 61c9 . ar a.¤ bith don crann urgartha . . . .i. ar na.¤ do roinne da bethughadh im chaithem thora[idh] in crainn, O'Curry 1750 ( 23 Q 6, 33 b ). edam .i. airbirt bith .i. edo , Corm. Y 518 . Hence of sustenance, food-supplies: riagail im aon airbirt bith o noin do noin one meal, Laws iii 14.21 Comm. an ccuimge a rabattar d'esbaidh airberta bith, AFM vi 2252.3 . tria aidilge airberta bith do beith for an mbárda in consequence of the warders' needing food, 2140.15 . do cuingheadh . . . airberta bith uirfheóla, Hugh Roe 272.10 (fo. 72a) . ag goid bhar nathardha ┐ bhar nairbherta bith foraibh, 208.26 (fo. 55b) . Note also: cid saill, cid feoil a a.¤ `whether his repast be . . .', Ériu iii 104 § 34 .

Later also use, custom, habit, mode of life: is ar chol dorímther leo dún ar n-a.¤ bith ┐ ar fógnam do dúilib dé, Alex. 925 . fogníatt dia na.¤ bioth ┐ bestatadh, Hugh Roe 178.y (fo. 48a ). ar deismirecht a betha inmedhonaigh, ┐ a a.¤ bith cach laithi, BNnÉ 19 § 42 . airbheart bith .i. beatha, O'Cl. aen airbeirt bith gl. catholicus, O'Curry 91 ( H 3.18, 66 ).

1 aithrigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithrigid or dil.ie/2785
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: athraigid

v Also athraigid. Late form of ad-eirrig and no doubt influenced by aithrige, q.v., see (b) below.

(a) changes, alters, moves (intrans. and trans.) Intrans. rí . . . / asathoil nir' athrucha who did not turn from his purpose, SR 7754 . re lia gcorr do chuir a shlios / . . . / níor aithnidh do chách an cleas / an treas tráth gur aithrigh as until he moved from it i.e. until he arose (of Christ), Dán Dé ix 29 . do athraigh sén catha cloinne Cais an lá sin, AFM v 1572.4 . co natrocadh an seantrom `so that the earth would change', Ir. Astr. Tr. 74.x . do shúil re hanáir nach athraigh / d'fhagháil dúinn i ndaghthaigh Dé, DDána 17.33 . athraigis in teagh . . . go rānic gusin log so, Fl. Earls 116 z . bídh cuid díbh doní etilladh ┐ aithrighius ón tír co céli (= qui vont de region en region), O'Gr. Cat. 213.9 . gur athruigh sé ó bhás gu beathaidh, John v 24 . anaidh ag bhar n-oidibh féin . . . ná hathraighidh, Content. xvi 83 . ? ó ro lessaig Fiacha in Féind / co ro athrígis-si, a Oisséin until you changed(?), Acall. 2492 .

Trans. niaithrégsa he hi céin bam beo, Fél.² li 20 = ni aithreghsa, Fél. Feb. 11 Comm. ro ath[ar]raigh longphort (atharraigh, v.l.), CCath. 1331 . tucc D. an baile sin do Déclan ┐ do athraigh fein a bhaile ass go hionad ele, ITS xvi 12.11 . gabhaid daoine is is díobh mé / an ród aimhréidh as fhaide / athraighid is claon céille / raon athghairid eichréidhe exchange(?), Dán Dé vi 3 . ní hathraighthe asa céim `was not changed from his rank', CCath. 80 . dá mbeith . . . go n-aithreōchainn na sléibhthe, Desid. 4244 . arthaigter co minic iad (of plasters), O'Gr. Cat. 193.4 . go nathruighid a mbeusa, Donlevy xv 5 . ní athróch-sa in téidedhsa, Caithr. Thoirdh. 107.37 . ní aithrigh síon séis mbuinne `the tempest does not alter the note of the stream', Studies 1921, 75 § 14 . ní háithreochthar fréamh a nfíréin, Proverbs xii 3 . áthruigh do chos ó nolc, iv 27 . athruigh uáimse do bhuille, Psalms xxxix 10 . do áthruigh tú mo thúarasdal, Gen. xxxi 41 .

With nouns indicating form, shape, appearance etc.: connách bia aingil . . . nách aithrébadh delbh lé mét in gábaid sin `qui ne change de forme', RC xxiv 382.20 . athrigedh (leg. -idh) an topur sin balad . . . cach aenúair has a different perfume, Maund. 147 . tobur J. athriges dath cacha bliadne cethri húaire, 103 . taom asar athraigh aigneadh, TD 15.3 . Cf. dá haighidh do aithrigh gné, DDána 103.4 . datharruigh a dhealbh `his countenance fell', Gen. iv 5 .

(b) repents: mani (manini MS.) aithriged (leg. aithriget, edd.), Mon. Tall. 128.6 (§ 2) . ro faillsige Dia i fiadnaisi na n-uili pobul corom aithriger-sa, YBL 156b49 . Vn. athrugad

anfaitches

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfaitches or dil.ie/3555

 

n (faitches) carelessness, inadvertence, lack of caution: anfót .i. anfaitchius, Fél.² cxiv § 30 (3) . anfot .i. . . . in tanfoitcius, Laws ii 2.17 Comm. is ed agurthar fuirre [i]nt anfoit lethfiach ┐ indethbir torbai ┐ anfaitces leth[fia]ch, Cóic Con. 18 § 10 (a.¤ may originally have merely been a gloss on anfoit, p. 71). ar imbed na n-anfaithches `for the multitude of the negligences', RC xx 54.14 (ACC). di fuachtain nó do anfaitchius `of injury or incaution', 278.1 (ib.). Ceall-dara do loscadh tria a.¤ drochmna, AU i 564.3 . i nguasachtaib tria anfhaitchius `though carelessness', PH 4859 . In more general sense: nachustarla anfaitchess `may calamity never come upon them', BColm. 50.21 .

In Laws frequ. in contexts referring to persons not responsible for their actions (insane persons, minors, etc.): fal anfaitceis, v 508.19 .i. in ime doni in ti ac na bi faitechus ceille co comlan, 21 Comm. ni abbail iriu anfuidces (.i. mac bec) . . . cia do beth anfaitces ceille fair, O'Curry 430 (H 3.18, 233b); 1745 ( 23 Q 6, 32 ). anfaidces .i. ceille in duine mir, no mac bac (sic), 433 ( ib. 234b ). atait a tri fors na laigh aititiu . . . .i. baes (.i. in mic bic) ┐ anfis (.i. in codnaig) ┐ a.¤ .i. fer echtar fine, 440 (ib. 237a ); cf. trí fors ná tuit aititiu 'na ré: bás, anfis, a.¤ , Triads 162 . ni tuit aititiu for . . . anfis na hanfaitcheas .i. ceille in duine mir no in ti oca mbi anfaitceas ceille, in fear leathcuinn, O'Curry 1902 ( 23 P 3, 23 (21)b ). is [s]aor cia ro astaithe cor socuinn cen a.¤ .i. in cunnradh doní in degh codnach cen a.¤ ceille air, 2398 ( Eg. 88, 31(32)b ). is ogh slán don ecmacht ainfis anfaitcis acht luighi nama, 2642 ( Eg. 88, f. 55ab ). anfaitces .i. ni caomnagair gin a marbadh .i. in fer ro marb tathair no do brathair ┐ is borblachus gin uiriasacht, no is anbothachus ceilli fodera dosam sin, 2646 (ib.). egmacht, ainfis, ainfaitces ni forbrad dire tar faoth forais, Laws iv 228.12 .

báes, baís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báes, baís or dil.ie/5136
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: baíse, báos, báois, báosa, báeis, báeise

n ā, f. (1 báeth). Also baíse [, f.]. báos m. g s. báois, báosa, IGT Decl. § 38 (87.17) . báeis f. g s. báeise, § 14 (69.1) .

(a) folly, levity; play, sport; frenzy: inna baise gl. hebitudenis, Ml. 33c2 . in ṁbáis gl. chebitudinem, 124c17 . mōr mbāis, . . ./ mōr coll cēille , ACL iii 215.y . na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig, SR 3890 (to complaining Israelites). baes fomrig folly holds me back, IT iii 12 § 22. gabala báise cis lir ? . . . bretha díana, dúscud ferge, folabra gúach, Tec. Corm. § 14.1 . atái ar báis/a chléirigh ní chanai gáis, SG 26.41 . Cf. Dán Dé ix 8 . is mé ar baois ag caoineadh an áirdfhir distraught, Keat. Poems 423.

(b) Legal, incapacity, lack of judgment: cennib gaeth acht nis n-ellne a baes provided that his incapacity does not defile it (sc. his `fine'), Laws iii 54.5 . tre feirg forrain (leg. feirge forrán ?) sceo baisi buaidred, 112.3 Comm. [ g]aibiut baetha cachta indliged .i. is taidbsi baisi don fir cachtus . . ., ii 76.20 Comm. baes inna mbretheman nad inmedatar a ndalai dligidh, 130.16 Comm.

? baís(e) banapad: siachtatar .ui. haidhicha ina baisi banapadh `six `seds' is the extent of the fine for entertaining a proclaimed person unawares', Laws iii 60.3 Comm. aidech .i. cumal nó fiach slān do lāimh rathe .i. aidech sies teora aidecha ina baos ban-apad, O'Mulc. 102.

Attrib. g s. wanton, frivolous, sportive, playful, appertaining to play; frenzied: gebid a bunsaig ṁbáisi, TBC-LL¹ 888. rith báise a wild rush, 893 . taem báisi risin mbas-crann `the knocker had been smitten with frenzy', Ériu iv 116 § 25. comhrádh baísi, IGT Decl. ex. 633. amhail fhear baoise nó buainghealtachta, TSh. 5957. For phr. baire baíse, see 1 báire.

(c) wantonness, lust: ní ar báes nach ar báegul ro dalus-sae friss, IT i 127.4 = ní ar chul no amles . . ., LU 10769. nach ingen dogníd buís dar cenn aurnaidm, LL 37043. romet a bais intib 'very much lust in them', TBith.² 196 § 77 . baos .i. drúis, O'Cl.

As quasi-vn. an rí 's a rígan . . ./ ic baeis dōib ann, ic búaphud, BColm. 88.21 .

baiscell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. baiscell or dil.ie/5249

 

Forms: bascall

n bascall, Metr. Gl. 32 § 7. Lec. Gl. 501. Expld. as wild, wild creature, hind: b.¤ .i. geilt, O'Curry 971 (H. 3.18, 416). boisgell .i. geltan, 85 (64). baiscil .i. obann, ut est . . . in indreich mna baiscil .i. . . . resin mnaoi baoith co hobann, O'Dav. 240. clithar mbaiscaill .i. buaili .i. boscell .i. gelt. . . . Clithar boiscell dono .i. quert sin: no boscell .i. elti .i. edruma iat, Auraic. 5551 - 3 . clithar boaiscille .i. elit gelt, 1185 . But cf. clithcar boscill (? leg. -cell) .i. eilit nó geilt (i.e. a wild thing loves shelter ?), H 3.18, 34a10 . doghní boiscill (leg. boiscell) (glossed: baos céille [eadhon] geilt) die bhidhbhadh, Hard. ii 296.12 . ? bas bosgill forc guba, Dinds. 42. ? boiscell bada buimigte, KZ xxxiii 82.y . Cf. 3 baislec.

búaidre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búaidre or dil.ie/7227

 

n [, f.] (búaidir) confusion, distraction, disturbance: baile is búadre, LL 10455 (TBC). a brath ┐ a buadri ┐ a buadirsi (of Cú Chulaind), 8291 (TBC). L. . . . / cen buadre tri chóic bliadan, 15110 (`without molestation', MacCarthy 194 § 5 ). a B. ataí for buadre, 12944 (`in confusion', RC xiv 426 § 45 ). buaidre céille / ciall ar esbaid, SG 385.38 . fatha mb.¤ , BS 30.22 . búais cen b.¤ `untroubled', Metr. Dinds. iii 288.38 .

búaidred

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búaidred or dil.ie/7228
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: buaidhirt, buáidheartha, buáidhirt, búaidirt, búairem, búaidhreadh, -ridh, -eartha

u, later o, m. Appar. always f. (with n s. buaidhirt ?) in Bedell and O'Donnell. g s. na buáidheartha , 2 Cor. i 8. Job xxxviii 23 . Isaiah xxx 6. d s. buáidhirt mhóir, Rev. vii 14. Vn. of búaidrid. Also búaidirt, búairem. búaidhreadh m. g s. -ridh, -eartha, IGT Decl. § 102.

(a) act of troubling, disturbing, confusing; trouble, disturbance, perturbation, confusion, molestation, tribulation: tre feirg forrain (? leg. feirge forrán) sceo baisi buaidred, Laws iii 112.3 . olc . . . do dán bith oc búadred na Herend, LU 4353. búadred do chétfaidib, 7914 . búaidriud scél `interrupting stories', Triads 90 . ca buadred fil im menmain, LL 33575. samail na cosmailes in buaidhertha bithgairbh ro ḟogluais . . . cinéla in domain, CCath. 293. sechran . . . ┐ buaidred . . . isin cathraig, PH 11. fer buaidhirtha na Banba the disturber of, RC xviii 281.23 (Tig.). da berla for sechtmogat ro thidnaíc Dia fria mbuaidhreadh (Babel), BB 317a33 . iar mbuaidhred a ceille , Grail 1183 . a n-adhaig . . . gach uile buaidridh saegalta, BCC 64. ní chuireann sin buaidhreadh ar an mbreith `does not affect judgement', (Gloss.), Mac Aingil 2911 . ar buaireamh céille atáim, Hackett xix 5 .

(b) act of stirring up, making turbid; turbidity: batar mianaigi ac nige mianaigh isin abaind leth súas de ┐ noticedh a buadred sin cuici `the troubled water', ZCP i 105.9 . atcuala in mblaisechtaigh ┐ in mbuaidirt ar an uisqi, Acall. 1554. bid an táor ann sin . . . arna buaidirt, Rosa Angl. 328.22 .

Compd. With vn.: ba borb an buaidredh-mesccadh, CCath. 2948. (c) temptation : nā lēig a mbuaidhreadh sind , Carswell 1137 . seasamh … a n-adhaidh gach uile bhuaidheartha , 1389 . nā treōraigh sinn a mbuaidhredh , Celtica i 172 .347 .

búain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búain or dil.ie/7248
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: búana, buaint, béim

f. vn. of boingid. g s. búana. Prob. orig. ā, f., GOI 454. b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 149. bérla na búana (without finite forms, these being supplied by do-alla), Verbs § 32 . buaint, O'R. Poems 3300 , Oss. iv 170.8 . In later lang. replacing béim (vn. of benaid) in vn. constructions (see TSh. Gloss., etc.). Cf. béin.

(a) act of cutting, breaking. Of plants: cutting down, reaping; crop, harvest: dornán buana manipulus, Ir. Gl. 502. bacc buana fínime, Sg. 62b10 . lathe búana, Thes. ii 334.3 (Hy. v). scena búana aíne, Críth G. 177. i n-aimsir na búana, Rawl. B 512, 142a (cited Contribb. 283 ). bibhsiutt buain cech raithi (fig. etymol.), RC xii 106.1 . méit chléib búana, LU 6953 ( BDD 58 ). methel . . . oc buain, IT i 41.36 . oc b.¤ na luachra, RC xxv 28 § 10. ar ┐ buain, BB 11a4 . olann na caorach . . . iar na buain di, Laws iii 376.z Comm. do-chúaidh . . . / do bh.¤ bhuindén, IGT Decl. ex. 824. Of drawing, delineating: ar bhuain ghréasa `for doing her needlework', O'Hara 4167. dealbh dragain . . . arna buain ar taeb in tuir `cut on the side of the tower', ZCP vi 284.29 . nī héidir a ccosmhaile . . . do bhuain lé pinntéoireachd, Parrth. Anma 1287. fioghair na croise do bhuain ar a éadan, Eochairsg. 43.8 . Note also: ag buain both breaking up shielings (in order to go to war), Aithd. D. 5.4 . IGT Decl. ex. 473. gan búana, gan chís, gan cháin exactions (?), Harl. 5280, 51b (cited Contribb. 283 ). ? ar taiscid gu h-uain athairec iar mbuain, BB 277a 33 = iar n-uari, Leb. Cert. 184.8 .

(b) In uses approximating to those of béim: ni teiged bem . . . gan a buain do Ch. i cleithi i chind, TTebe 2527 . buain béime ar mo bhogha-sa, Content. xxiv 22 . ic buain cluig, Laws v 22.6 Comm. timchell chluig Ave Maria do bhuain, Fl. Earls 188.5 . ? ní háil bas do bhuain umha expld. as `ní haon chabhair bheith ag gearán,' DDána 77.28 and note ( Aithd. D. 14.28 ) (on the death of two patrons). ? clocha némaind in chuirn chláoin / cuirm Í Maíl Brénuind gá mb.¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 356.

(c) In vn. constructions with follg. prep. introducing indirect obj., freq. in sense of taking away from, depriving of, etc.: buain mhela a mecnaib iobhuir (attempting to) extract (in list of vain undertakings), Anecd. ii 72.7 . in gnim do buain astu `getting the work out of them' (oxen), Laws iii 270.9 Comm. rethid A. dia bein asin crund ┐ femidh a buain as (a spear), Aen. 3150. dar mbuain a broid to save us from bondage, Dán Dé xv 18 . iasocht bunaidh do bhuain air to obtain a permanent loan from him, DDána 69.7 (see 1 ar). buain a deala ar Dhia depriving her of God's love, Dán Dé xxiii 28 . ga buain oruinn taking it from us, Aithd. D. 56.11 . badhbh ag b.¤ chrú dod chrúisigh getting blood off your spear, IGT Decl. ex. 578. fá Mac 'gá bhuain don bhan-óigh `being taken from', Dán Dé xx 46 . ar mbuain a eididh de, Stair Erc. 1023. buain righe d'Ó Ruairc, BNnÉ 289.29 . ic b.¤ duilisc do charraic, ZCP v 497 § 11. a cend do buáin d'Eoin Baisti, Maund. 83. buain ceille do chabhair despairing , Stair Erc. 1537. ar mb.¤ cheille d'Ḟ., Acall. 5266 v.l. (' ar n-esbaid . . . F., text). ar mbuain ó chomhghar a chéile, O'Hara 2877. a bhúain ón táoibhréim iollraidh it is derived from the genitive plural, IGT Introd. 29.5 . Note also: ag buain an gai ind striking him with the spear, TTebe 1018 .

(d) With meaning completed by follg. prep.: o buain as gl. ag . . . slan o cull gelding, Laws ii 238.22 ( ZCP xiv 347 ). a dalladh ┐ a buain as 'blinded and emasculated', AI 438 (s.a. 1450.5) . buain a bosaibh wringing of hands, Aithd. D. 95.32 . buain a síoth Sagsanach profiting by (?), LBranach 5353 (see note). go buain t'oidhre dhar n-iomchar till your heir concerned himself with . . . (?), DDána 40.22 . le buain dod bhiodhbhaidh in conflict with your enemy (?), 14.13 . ag buain fa bheith i n-easard concerning himself in an argument, Content. xxv 1. b.¤ fāt fheidhm, O'R. Poems 30 `to tackle your strength', notes. an finnealbha ar mb.¤ fa brón plunged in grief, Rel. Celt. ii 266.19 . buain fá chéile take a husband (?), Hackett x 4 , cf. 11 . beart da buain fūm as dū dam something must happen me (?), ACL iii 236 § 6 ( Aithd. D. 62 ). nir lamsat buain friss they were afraid to go near him, LB 234a63 . ar mb.¤ guine an ringcne ris when the spearpoint touched him, IGT Decl. ex. 1200. gan bhuain re torchar ag tuinn `no produce is driven in by the wave', Rel. Celt. ii 234.30 . gach aén bhall . . aga mbeith buain no báidh le Saxancoibh `connexion or alliance', AFM vi 2056.3 . ní fhuil buain ag briathraibh Sh. ria, TSh. 4329 `do not refer to', Gloss. buain i dtagra `interfere', Content. xiv 16. an toil . . . / buain uimpi ní bog an céim, Dánfhocail 265 `to run counter to it', Gloss. ? lór uaibh ar chách mar chionnta / buain iompa a ttráth na teannta, O'Hara 2108 (see note). a n-airm . . . ag buain dar aigthib sciath, TTebe 4115 .

(e) b.¤ amach act of extracting, obtaining: trí longa do longaibh Gall . . . do bhuain amach `were captured', AFM ii 958.6 . cáin nó díol do bhuain amach i n-éiric . . . an loit, Keat. i 68.47 . do bhuain a chríche féin amach `regain', ii 2569 . ren a buaín amuigh, BCC 220.

cathaír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cathaír or dil.ie/8364

 

n f., g s. ¤e. In later lang. also with k-inflection (Lat. cathedra, GOI 569 ).

(a) chair, seat : fo chathaírib airgdidib, BDD² 1127 . inadh for cathāiri, Cáin Ad. 5 . 'na chatháir . . . dergóir (of Aaron), SR 4516 . rogabsat cathaire gíal / da mac rachaine Rachial, 3003 . os cinn na caithaire, Acall. 792 . cathaire na fairne no-chreccatís . . . na coluime, PH 4393 . an ch.¤ chomnaidi resting-place , MR 234.7 . cathaoíreacha Domhnall Óice, AFM iv 1068.7 . co cathairib ┐ chorónib . . . carrmocail, LU 2052 ( FA 13 ). cona cathairib credhumae fot[h]u `settings' (of precious stones), CCath. 5289 . o cathairibh na cobradh `beds of the bosses' (of shields), 5323 . ? cathair chorr chitus fri culbhard (a metre), IT iii 23.1 . Of royal seat, throne: ? rop cathāer cloth Connacht do chrích (blessing of St Patrick on chieftain), Corp. Gen. 317.y . ina ch.¤ rigdai, LU 2014 ( FA 8 ). 'san gcathaoir i n-a ngairthear rí Sacsan, Keat. i 208.9 . cathaoir an reachta ríogh, O'R. Poems 726 `the seat of kingly rule', Gloss. Of judgment seat: for cathairib in oenaig isin Roimh `rostra', CCath. 5145 . ar an gcathaoir bhreitheamhnais, TSh. 6792 . Of pulpit: in cathair proicepta, RC xvii 358.28 (Tig.).

Further applications: théid do bhuain cathaoireach amach a los a bhfoghluma professorship , Keat. i 72.13 . Of persons seat, source : ar cathāir chanóne (of Colm Cille), ACL iii 218.8 . a cháthaoir na hegna sedes sapientiae, Parrth. Anma 3950 . seacht gcathaoireacha céille (of daughters of humility), DDána 55.15 .

(b) episcopal chair, see, diocese : airdeaspoc chatháoire Patraicc (`throne'), Gorm. Nov. 2 note 6 . Mael M. . . . do dhul a cathair Padraic, RC xviii 152.11 (Tig.). bā hathlæch i cathair n-espuic (prov.), MacCongl. 73.15 . G. C. . . . do oirdneadh i cathair Conmaicne (i.e. in the See of Ardagh), AFM ii 1156.14 . Lā Chatháoire Pheadair Feast of the Chair of Peter, Rial. S.F. 824 .

cenél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cenél or dil.ie/8601

 

Forms: chenéel, ceneel, chenéil, cinél, -eoil, -éoil, -euil, -éuil, -ioil, -iuil, -íoil, -iúil, -éil, -íl, -eul, -éul, -iul, -íul, -eol, -él

n o, n. chenéel, Wb. 29d6 , ceneel, 28b1 , chenéil, 5a14 (see GOI 37 ). Later cinél. g s. -eoil, -éoil, -euil, -éuil, -ioil, -iuil, -íoil, -iúil, later -éil, -íl. d s. -eul, -éul, -iul, -íul, later -eol, -él.

(a) kindred, race, tribe, nation : icht .i. cinēl, Corm. Y 787 . c.¤ ` children ', Metr. Gl. 56.3 . cenel .i. clann, O'Cl. cineal `a nation, kindness ', Eg. Gl. 204 (see (g) below). mo ch.¤ colnide gl. carnem meam `my fleshly kindred', Wb. 5b19 . drécht caich ceniúil `a portion of every nation', 5c3 . écoscc a cheneóil `the mark of His nation', 6d6 . inna c(h).¤ forrorbris `the peoples whom He had routed', Ml. 67b24 . inna c.¤ sin (n pl.), 72d5 . inna cenela gl. nationes, 37a3 . ar chuit ceneuil `by race', 66d1 . a huili chenela indomuin, 67b17 . a chenela són gl. partes, 103d3 . innananmman inchoisc ceníuil gl. cognominum, Sg. 28b4 . comaitecht ceniuil dochenéul, 75a6 . do cenel `your people', Blathm. 46 . ar ciniuil do chur `the slaughter of a tribe', Laws v 450.26 . arindí as toísech a ceníul, Críth G. 387 . cuic treaba di-a ceiniul `five houses of his own race', Laws v 514.17 . ar ḟebas do chrotha ┐ do ceille ┐ do ceneoil descent, LU 8226 ( FB 17 ). nach sóimm i mbrethir nach i ceneol, PH 1761 . slaniccid in chenéoil doenna, 1168 . do chenel dea do `of the stock of the gods', Aen. 677 . do chenel na Cristaige, PH 1402 . os cinn chinil na ndaine = prae filiis hominum, Smaointe B. Chr. 3809 . ba duaislibh a cheiniúil eisidhe, Hugh Roe² 90.15 .

(b) In tribal names: lassar ingen anfolmithe dicheniul caicháin, Thes. ii 238.16 (Ardm.). c.¤ fétho fio `the race of Fith Fio', 239.1 (ibid.). do mhaithibh ceineoil Chonuill (: deigheoil), DDána 66.7 . ar maithe Cinīl Luighdeach, Ériu xvii 24 § 29 (Cinēil, 26 § 35). iomthúsa chinéal gConuill, TD 3.17 . Hence of territory: i tir ba ceiniul doaib riam `in a land which had previously belonged to their tribe', Laws iv 4.29 .

(c) In phrases: re a ccenel ┐ re a n-aicmi, Cog. 42.23 . a clann ┐ a cinél, ACL iii 4.36 . dochum a chrichi ┐ a chineoil, TTebe 4617 . a slond ┐ a chenel, Aen. 2381 . tar cenn tuaithe ┐ ceneoil, Laws v 186.4 . bunada ceniuil, BB 327b25 (cf. bunad). gach bean aga bunadh-chineóil, ML 88.34 . tainic a chinél bunaidh-sium Phatraic cu Bretnu, Lism. L. 42 . Attrib. g s as is proper among relations, familial, natural; by nature: bunadh na ccéadghlún cciníl (: sídh) `stock of the first generations', Studies 1920, 97 § 1 . an tréad nar thréad ceiníl, DDána 31.20 . caor do mhianach criadh ceinéil (: ghréin), 49.2 . a bhláth clúimhfheadha cheiníl (: Aibhilín), 74.67 . gabhthar ainn-séin ga n-aos cheoil / dán re cuisleannaibh ceineoil, 85.46 . Cf. aos ceoil na gcuislionn gciniuil, Celtica iv 119 § 35 . cuairt cheiníl, DDána 90.18 . fa binn c[e]ineoil `who was musical by nature', Duan. F. ii 120 § 12 . ordhruic an dá chéim cheiníl, O'Hara 2277 .

(d) Of animals species: cenela anmidead erchoideacha, TTebe 2774 . elta do enaib gach ceniuil ein, Aen. 1470 . táinig . . . / ar chaorchaibh a cheineoil `returned to its fellows', Dán Dé xii 18 . ar enirte gacha ceneóil cethra `of all kinds of cattle', Hugh Roe² 92.7 .

(e) In general sense of kind, sort, type: hi cach ceniul fis ┐ ecni, Sg. 2a2 . hisin cethramad ceniul na sulbaire romanta `in the fourth kind of Roman rhetoric', Hib. Min. 13.440 . cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne?, ZCP xii 359.11 . secht cinela aire, Laws v 228.25 . cech cenel galair, PH 3824 . don chinel c[h]ēdna of the same kind, ML² 1473 . cenel flatha dligtigh eisein `he is a kind of lawful chief', Laws ii 202.13 Comm. cenel m-bíd. MR 16.6 . a cheinél ni fhuair gach aoinfher `the like of it', Rel. Celt. ii 220.27 . ar an dara cinéal peacaidh, TSh. 1493 . an cinél pearsan sin class (of nouns), IGT Decl. § 11 (55.18) .

With cach: do chenel gacha dighi, Aen. 375 . mergi . . . do cenel cacha datha, Cog. 156.4 . mor . . . ┐ do cheniul cecha lenna somilis, MacCarthy 42.6 . In Auraic. in classification: in gne no in cenel in fidh? Is cenel . . . fid inn ogaim, in gne no in cenel? Is cenel . . . ar techtaid gne, 853 . See 3735 ff. and gné.

With abstract genitive in sense of a sort of, a certain amount of: rongab cenel aithrechuis ┐ imnáire he, LB 114b23 . rosgab tespach mór ┐ híttu ┐ cénel occaruis, 141b24 . tria cenel n-airceseacht, ZCP xxx 119.36 (Alex.).

(f) Gramm. gender: atrobair cach cenel `every gender can say it', Sg. 190b4 . imchloud cenéiuil, 31b12 . da c.¤ , 61a14 . do chenelaib . . . ar is écsamil a c.¤ , 211a14 . ceneiuil (g s.), 16 . Note also: don chinéal bhanda `to the female sex', Corp. Astron. 74.15 .

(g) kindness, friendship, affection (see Celtica i 367 ): ta cairdine ┐ cenel etraind `there is friendship and relationship between us', Aen. 1852 . nā faghuim focal ciníl, O'R. Poems 2849 . an dream roinneas cinéal riú, go roinnfidhear cinéal riú-san, TSh. 4942 . nar dhearmuid a chinéul don bheó = kindness, Ruth ii 20 . do dhearbha chinéil bhur ngrádhasa, 2 Cor. viii 8 . do ghéabha cinéal = shall obtain favour, Proverbs viii 35 (1827) . fiafruighis C. dhi cia da ndéineadh cinéal an uisce an lachta ┐ na luachra `for whom she was making the special selection of . . .', Keat. ii 4719 . See Dinneen and cf. cineolta.

Compd. is argain . . . cenélchlainni in talman, LL 31276 ( TTr. 458 ).

certa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. certa or dil.ie/8793
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (-ae) [, f.] (cert): an cherte cóir (an chirti lochtach), IGT Abstr. Nouns § 71 . ? cōir na certe, Celtica ii 281 § 13 . justice(?); exactness: certo indias .i. is mor a ch.¤ innisim, RC xx 408 § 132 (ACC Comm.) = is mor a cherti . . . no certaide . . . , LB 240a58 (`art', Stokes). fichi fa dí / do M. . . . / ┐ a cethair co c.¤ , LL 23422 . clú co c.¤ , 23577 . ceirti na cantana, ZCP viii 200 § 8 . eochair cirte comrainn, vi 270 § 10 (ceirte, ceille , v.ll.).

cíall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cíall or dil.ie/8983
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cíal, ciall

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 . Also somet. cíal in O. Ir. Glosses and in poetry. nessu célaib .i. nesso ciallaib, LL 24378 . cēill: budéin, ZCP xiii 245.6 .

(a) Of persons sense, intelligence, mind : nípí ciall la nech dogní insin, Wb. 29b11 . druáilnithe a ciall gl. corrupti mente, 30c18 . nad mbí ciall la nech disluindi dliged remdeicsen `has no sense', Ml. 50d1 . nech lasnabi ciall, 50d2 . co mber[at] á céill n-erru, 20b11 . co céill ┐ chond, LU 3910 ( SCC 42 ). rom-snáidet . . . / cund, céill, curp com anim, Fél. Ep. 52 . nocho fom' cheil-si / dochuaidh do chial, IT iii 93.22 . leig as in drochciall fora tai ┐ dena mu chomairli-sea `folly', Aen. 576 . it ferr cīalla oldās cīall two heads are better than one, ZCP xi 86 § 42 . ni techta cond 'na ceill fo-mic, Laws v 510.4 ( ciall . . . fomac, SM Facs. 1b ) glossed ciall codnaid, 20 . tanic trell dia ceill, LU 4029 ( SCC 48 ). ar ḟebas do chrotha ┐ do ceille , 8226 ( FB 17 ). bae c.¤ dunetta aice (of Dond Cúailnge), TBC-LL¹ 6162 . ní réid la céill mbuirp in se `uncouth intelligence', Blathm. 159 . Mugain miadmas co morchéil, TFerbe 824 . in tan . . . roaisicc Dia a chell dó, Grail 3750 . ata saillechta cella (sic) do (of a minor), Laws ii 46.18 Comm. Ailbhe í ar chéill 's ar chuimhne, DDána 99.2 . seacht gcathaoireacha céille (of the daughters of Humility), 55.15 . cíalla glice na ngente, Celtica i 96.260 . dá chrádh céille éadair ann a twofold grief of mind is to be found therein (of death of chieftain), DDána 110.16 . ar mearughadh céilli, Mac Aingil 111 . com[h]lán i ccéll ┐ a ccorp `sound of mind and body', RSClára 114b .

More particularly wisdom, good sense, skill : rángadar na teachta re céill, ┐ re conailbhe, ┐ le hairmhidin `wisely(?)' (`charged with submission'), ML 104.22 . ar sith, as tre cheill do righneadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 12.16 ( Lec. 272 vb26 ) = iar sisd is iar ceill dorigneadh, BB 23a16 . in rigan ecnaid óg ḟial / tochur ria no co degciall, LL 19297 . tre cell ┐ tre comairli, CCath. 6161 . cend comhairle ┐ céille . . . Connacht (of dead chieftain), AFM ii 1132.8 . Of course of action, ní c.¤ with Vn. it is unwise to, it is imprudent to: nior chiall bheith ag ar mbrosdadh sensible thing, Aithd. D. 3.6 . ní ciall déanamh dearmaid, DDána 14.13 . ní fhuil chéill id dhearadh dhún `twere senseless of Thee to disown me', Aithd. D. 77. 31 . níor chiall uadh it was not wise of him, Ériu i 97.30 .

In transf. sense of a person: gabh, a chiall, mo chomairghe, DDána 67.6 .

(b) Of bodily senses: do chiallaib gl. ad sensus, Sg. 139a1 . cóig cialla cuirp `his five senses', Ériu xvi 135 § 56 . maithi a roisc na nabocc maithi a cialla, v 236.83 . mo chúig cialla 'gum brath bíd, Dán Dé ix 3 . Of feelings, emotions : srian léd chéill níor chuireabhair, Content. xxiii 5 . do oscail se a cial, Smaointe B. Chr. 5250 . Cf. ní frith luth seirce sóerligi / na celle conom thicse, LU 8329 ( FB 24 ).

(c) In a variety of more general applications intention, cause, reason, idea : in chiall toḟaiscthe `der Verstand des Herauspressens' (one of the cóic conara fugill), Cóic Con. 24 § 24 . rinne nir chuimseach a ciall (of a monster), Duan. F. i 79.9 `intention regarding' (Gloss.). flaith nime d'Eochagān (sic leg.) ān / is lān a chridhe dia chēill attention, ACL iii 308 § 32 . fa clé an chiall a perverse intention, Dán Dé xxvi 29 . ann adlecthar mesi fein / . . . rim cheill `with my consent', Fen. 304.8 . cion na sainte / . . . ag sin ciall chaillte na hanma (of the sin of avarice), Dán Dé xxxi 37 . ar iomad ele do chialluibh certa `for . . . many other just reasons', RSClára 95a . ní gan chéill do adhuin t'fhíoch, Aithd. D. 84.27 . caidhe nach córa an chiall `how much greater reason', RSClára 104a . ciall mo gháiri ní léir linn, O'Gr. Cat. 346.34 .

(d) Of words, texts, etc. signification, meaning: ciarid-beram a céill though we express their sense, Sg. 26b2 . immaircide frisin ceill `suitable to the sense', Ml. 27d22 . sechis in chiall gl. intentio (psalmi), 61a29 . forsin dib ciallaib fil isind emulari , 56b37 . huare is lán chiall indib chenae gl. huiuscemodi verba non egent casu, Sg. 140b3 . issí inso sís a chiall gl. est sensus, Ml. 50c1 . a folad ┐ in chiall gl. vis et significatio, Sg. 27a8 . ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill `the thought is no less occupied with the meaning', Mon. Tall. 39 . etir cheill ┐ fhogur, LB 241a marg. inf. iar ceill Cirine in Jerome's meaning (of the word), Hib. Min. 9.292 . do-ghén . . . míniughadh céille ar an rádhsa, IGT Introd. 24.12 . re saoibh-chiallaibh `by foolish etymologies', Content. v 8 . ag buain ceille maithe ass, BCC 300.31 . cialla na n-aislingedh, Grail 2679 .

Of grammatical forms force, function, meaning : hua cheill gníma ┐ chesta, Sg. 77a7 . ciall sechmadachti `the sense of a past', Ml. 98c10 . chiall ainsedo, 67d24 . is ilar són hua cheill `it is plural in sense', 45b20 . aithne ar chíalluibh uathaidh ┐ iollraidh, IGT Introd. 2.16 .

(e) In phrases. slán céill safe and sound: no theighdis slan ceill dia tigh, Blathm. 38 . ní ris sís slán céill, BS 72.20 . for (ar) céill in one's senses: mairg dobēradh cath don fēin / da mbet ar cēill, Fianaig. 80.1 . intan nobid Comgan for ceill, Ériu v 20.7 . airis for ceill, MR 8.16 . guais nach bear ar chéill choidhche `I may never have sense', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 2 . cond céille = c.¤: nír chond ceille in col, LL 4378 . arnacha-ndechrad a chond ceille , TBC-LL¹ 1709 . c.¤ chodnaig: ecodnach da frisciter ciall codnaigh `who is expected to come to the use of reason', Laws iii 156.25 Comm. iar tiachtain ceilli codnaig do, v 218.23 Comm. ciall chapaill little or no sense, Mac Aingil 6140 . in ti ac na bi faitechus ceille use of reason, Laws v 508.22 Comm. ( SM Facs. 1b ). táinic an chiall bhreugach chuige .i. an codladh, ITS v 38.23 . étrommae céille loss of reason, insanity : táinic édtruma chéille . . . dó, CF² 450 . Cf. édromacha chéille, Luke xxiv 11 . In chevilles: dia do chéill, DDána 54.15 . fo chiall `good the sense', Blathm. 19 .

Phrases with vbs. do-alla, gataid, benaid, céill di gives up (hope of), despairs of: talsat a céill di ṡaíre, LL 31490 (TTr.). antan . . . tallus mo chéill dia thorbu dam, Ériu iv 134.10 . See 1 do-alla. iar ngait cheilli dia n-anmain `after losing all hope of life', ZCP i 406.11 . See gataid. do ben gach neach díbh ciall dá anmain, CF² 736 . iar m-ben . . . do chelli dia bethaid, LB 143a33 . ba buan ceille do chabhair, Stair Erc. 1537 . mairg bheanas chéill don chruinne (`to try to understand'), Magauran 643 . ben do cheill . . . dot tir ┐ dot talmain exi de terra tua, Lism. L. 707 . See benaid. See díscaíl. With cuirid: gur bo marb mórán do clandaib C. ar cur céille do'n cathimresan (`after the effort of screwing themselves up for the fight'), Caithr. Thoirdh. 127.24 . tráth do chuirset céill do'n cath (`when they were baulked of the fray'), 128.1 . Note further: do chuaidh a ciall do'n cathírghail they lost hope of, Caithr. Thoirdh. 99.15 .

do-cuirethar ar chéill (for céill) calls to mind: torala Dia ar cheill do degnimu `let God bring to mind', Ml. 43b15 . intan forathmentar ┐ docuredar ar céill `when it is . . . kept in mind', Ériu ii 136 § 122 . tachraid forcéill ┐ airem daib seanchassai . . . bar múinntire, Alex. 191 . na healtain do chor ar céill / as blogh d'ḟertaibh in ḟíréin, IGT Decl. ex. 303 . With difft. constr. foceird mo ceill im drungo, LMU 17 (Eg.) `my reason is agitated about the hosts', (LMU2). Later with cuirid and personal object recalls to reason, to sense : a chur ar céill gér chás deacair (of conversion of St. Augustine), DDána 59.11 . meisge an phobail . . . / ní hobair mná a chura ar céill `to bring them to reason', PBocht 9.23 . buime an leinbh (sic leg.) gá gcur ar céill (of Mary consoling the holy women), 13.15 .

cuirid i céill expounds, proves, declares : ní mór dod mhaith chuire a ccéill, Bard. Synt. Tr. 228.17 . lá in Chairn a gcéill cuirfidhear `will be ever remembered', O'Hara 123 . cuir-se i gcéill `explain', A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 10 . as fer tengtha (sic leg.) eile do chuiredh a ceill dó gach ní da n-abradh C.C. ris, BCC 262.32 . m'éigse i gcéill muna chuirinn, Aithd. D. 46.4 . cuir do bhagar i gcéill thuaidh / más ann creidfidhear é uaibh, Content. xviii 168 . ionnus go gcuirfeadh i gcéill do'n léaghthóir nach fuil tabhacht i seanchus Éireann `might give the reader to understand', Keat. i 50.3 . Note also: níor chuir Brian céill na cheanaibh ignored, Content. xiv 18n. ciall do chur san iompódh to take heed of the change (? but see Ed. note), PBocht 22.2 .

do-gní céill takes thought; employs skill : do-ghéanadh chéill rem cháineadh `he would take thought before reviling me', Aithd. D. 74.17 . Cf. nī faigebthar-side itir . . . acht ma doronad cēill occai, TBC-I¹ 1576 = dorónaid ceill glossed ceilg, LU. Cf. nī rādh go cēill (.i. go ceilgg), ZCP v 487 § 15 (B. na f.) = ciall .i. cealg, O'Curry 1464 ( H 3.18, 651 ). fris-cuirethar céill see fris-cuirethar, frecor.

gaibid céill for, g. for céill expects : hó ro gaibther c.¤ for riuth s ... (? scíth or séim) 'when a tiring (or easy) pace is expected', Wb. 13b13 , Ériu xxxiii 165 . argaibidside céil for báas in tain téte don chath `expects death', 9a3 . fiadnaise fir galair gabes ceill for eccaib, O'Curry 1617 ( 23 Q 6, 6 b ). diä dardāin gabus-sa / cēill for ingnais maicc m'athar, Bruchst. 52 § 116 ; 'on Thursday I expected the death of my father's son' Ériu xxiii 49 . ra gabsat céill ar a mbreith i tírib ciana, LL 31491 (TTr.). o ro gab ceill for anad, LU 2249 ( FA 31 ). is in coiged uair . . . intan rogabsat cell for a collad ┐ for a cumsanad re seitfidaigh na natrach settled down to, BB 495a16 . ro gabsat ar céill . . . comallad fir na faistine, 429b25 . do gabatar ar chéill gan chunntabairt gurab é in Clárach . . . adchonncatar `imagined', Caithr. Thoirdh. 51.4 .

For ciall .i. tionol, O'Dav. 362 see fo-cíallathar II.

Compds. With nouns.: domrimart gáir na gáithi / im chotlud co cíall-báithe `with vacant mind', Metr. Dinds. iii 226.10 . in fitir for cialbann clú / cia dú cosatiagam dé? SR 7967 . iar ccur do Brian . . . Maolseachluinn Mór as a chiallchogair confidences, Ériu i 105.7 . conad hí ar comcisiu ┐ cottomus ar ciallḟer, LL 32429 (TTr.). cīallḟlaith . . . con gaib side a chrícha cen choscru cen chernu a prudent ruler, ZCP xi 86 § 46 . ciall-gháis Chormaic `wisdom', MR 116.14 . ciallrunugud aicnid, Cóic Con. 24 § 24 . ciallrunugud cert caid, 27.9 . la ciallrunugadh eir[i]c, Laws iii 408.9 Comm.

With adjj.: tricha robhi in ciallbhog caemh / ina ri Diarmoíd na ndhamh simple-minded(?), BB 57a15 . ? is imdha duine data / ┐ cuire is cialbhrata (: dhíarmada), IT iii 68.17 . fear . . . cunnail craibhtech cíallchonaich resourceful(?), RC xii 320 § 1 . saī coitcenn, ciallconaigh, AU iii 46.6 . See féchemanda. co glice ciallgaesmar, Stair Erc. 298 . bhí sé ciallghlan diadha, Hackett² xxx 154 . mná cori ciallmathi, LU 3888 ( SCC 40 ). gnúis meicc Cairne cíallmíadcha (-miacha, v.l.) `of noble sense', Ériu iv 94.14 . macc slattraim síl Chuind cíallmór, Ériu iv 104.8 . Cf. i nDaim Liac Ciannāin canair / marb hua ciallmair Congalaig, Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 25 (see Ed.'s note). na ceithre comhfhocail . . . chumaidhi chialltarctheacha `expressive maxims', MR 90.4 . fer nár certmur cialltreabar, BB 427b30 .

With vb. ¤rúnaigid(ir). Legal. considers carefully; decides after deliberation: nach claoine eile ciallrunaigther ann .i. feall no éithach, O'D. 795 ( H 3.17, col. 570 ) = ciallrunaither, O'Curry 2395 ( Eg. 88, 31a ). cocrathar urchonn urthach .i. ciallrunathar uasal testugh (leg. testughad) ona codhnacha, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 D 6, 37 a ). na cocra cert .i. nech na ciallrunaigenn, Laws iii 34.18 Comm.

cláen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláen or dil.ie/9306
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Cuilín

adj o, ā

I

(a) uneven, crooked, sloping; aslant, bending, stooped; curving, curved : dosroraind . . . cona deilg. Sīa īarom rosīacht a dealg ūaithe sair a bēlaib oldās dar a hais sīar. Is aire is clōen ind less, Corm. Y 502 . clóen ind ráth dind leith adiu, RC xiii 462 § 65 . in chuirn chláoin curved(?), IGT Decl. ex. 356 . a bheith claon nochar chás duid `its laying low troubled thee not' (of a severed head), PBocht 14.35 . ? Fig. mo chiall ata claon, Atlantis iv 180.31 .

(b) Freq. of hair waving (?) flowing (?): folt claon, DDána 96.33 . ciabh dhaghcruinn n-a cuaichleirg claoin, Magauran 1001 . is camarsach claon . . . / a carn-ḟolt, Keat. Poems 65 .

(c) Of eyes, squinting: Finan Cam . . . .i. cloen a rosc, Fél. 112.23 , Gorm. Apr. 7n. dā mac imleasan . . . ┐ sīat clǣna, TBC-I¹ 2612 . gura bhris in suil claein, MR 36.13 .

As epithet: a trian ro charsat Conall Cloen batis cloín cot acallaim, LL 13522 (Thurn., ZCP viii 72 ff. q.v., would translate hump-backed ). Conghal Caoch, no Claon, AFM an. 624 . co tard beach . . . a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo ṡuil. Congal C. mo ainm ar sin, MR 34.12 . an Giolla claon Ua Ciardha, tigherna Coirpri, AFM ii 1092.11 .

(d) In moral sense, iniquitous, perverse, unjust, biassed: cil .i. claon no cutruma, O'Dav. 467 (? leg. écutrumma). nate ni clóin gl. (numquid iniquitas apud Deum?) Absit, Wb. 4c17 . in miscuis clóin, Ml. 46d10 . inna mbritheman cloin, 103b17 (brithem, MS.). adbar inna combartae cloine, 71c6 . is gó flatha do-ber sína saíba for tūatha clóena. ZCP xi 82 § 25 . scítha láma indrosc (sic leg.?) cloína unjust demands(?), LU 10884 (TE rhet.). ingena cloína Cain, LL 17437 . nírbat santa[ch] immun mbith / nō for ind nim (leg. indiub) chlóen, ACL iii 312 § 6 (indium, in nem, v.ll.). gan beith fa chomadaib claena `unjust conditions', MR 120.26 . freasdal a gcor gclaon `crooked wiles', Aithd. D. 52.3 . ainic nach claon do chathaoir `lest your poet's chair be partial', Content. v 186 .

(e) c.¤ fri (chum, do) prone to, inclined to: atá ar gcolann claon ré déanamh an uilc = prona est ad malum, TSh. 2916 . an drong beirthear faoi stiúradh na plainéide so bíd . . . geala, claon chum beith fionnchrothacha, Corp. Astron. 70.8 . biaidh an bhliadhain sin claon chum síothchána, 3 . na peacaidhe is mó d'a bhfuilmíd claon, nó tugtha, Donlevy 270.24 . atá sí laig-bhrígheach ┐ claon chum uilc, 210.26 .

(f) In metrics, uneven; without accordance, imperfect : is airi didiu asberar clōinrē, fobīth is clōen ma doberthar um nī, ūair it troma a trī oldati a dóu, ar it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.21) . dunadh c.¤, amail ata . . . ar Muiri ┐ ar Martain (final line of a poem which began with `tangadar'. -tain does not adequately echo tan- therefore the conclusion is c.¤ or lochtach), IGT Met. Faults § 145 . áenghuthaighe is í fa dhó ... bidh cláen 'the same vowel occurring twice ... it will be incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 3 . See also cláenaid and comardad (c).

Adv. in fer fodrácaib co claen the man who has left it crooked, uneven (of a house), LU 8391 ( FB 26 ) (opp. to co diriuch). is amlaidh ata Stodiaca gu claen ┐ an speir lan mor go direach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 126.13 . an tṡlat iarainn ṡaighes go claon `which goeth ouerthwart', RSClára 125a .

II As subst. o, m.

(a) stoop, slope, slant, inclination : sleagh do chur 'na chroidhe, / claon do bheith 'na bhrághaid (of Our Lord), Ir. Syll. Poetry 36 § 17 . do filleadh call tar a chláon, IGT Decl. ex. 910 . is binne donál na bhfaol / ná gach claon chuireas tú id ghuth (to a snoring bed-fellow) every twist(?), Measgra D. 5.24 . for c.¤ slanting, inclined : is for clóen in pars ochtarach for laim clii `the upper part is inclined on the left hand', Thes. ii 254.19 (Stowe M.).

(b) iniquity, obliquity, deception, injustice; perversion, error : inda leu som nis roissed imned na erchrae dogrés a soinmigi a cloinaib `though they are wicked', Ml. 39c34 (cf. Pedersen, ZCP ii 379 ). ara tintarrad ō chlóen / tūatha Hérenn do bethu `from iniquity', Thes. ii 314.1 ( Hy. ii 18 ). tír . . . / inná ráiter gó ná cloen, LU 3742 ( SCC 34 ). etarscara fri cach claen `severance from every obliquity', Laws v 118.7 . dia scarad fri clóen fri col, Metr. Dinds. ii 14.72 . ar cech óen ro chí / a chlóen for bith ché `his wrongdoing', Murphy Lyrics 27.6 = a chin, ACL iii 232 § 6 . bī-siu do rēir Chrīst cen claon, 313 § 9 . dia mbat rī bit rīghcerdach / ní oirdni nach claen, 314 § 30 . bothan derrit diamarda / do dilgud gach claoin, Ériu i 138.3 . ní bhí claon na cheirt-bhreathaibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 9 . gan claon n-agra tar eolus `without partiality of argument in violation of fact', Content. viii 7 .

(c) Very common in names of metrical faults in the sense of any departure from the correct form: na lochta is coitc[h]eand teagaid in gach aisdi don dan .i. c.¤ comhardudh ┐ c.¤ uaitne ┐ ataid na claenreanda romhaind . . . ┐ c.¤ airmh[e] ┐ c.¤ airde ┐ c.¤ comhaimsearda ┐ c.¤ crichadh loc[h]tach ┐ dunadh loc[h]tach, IGT Met. Faults § 1 . trefhocul gan chlaen dona trí claenaib .i. c.¤ creiti .i. . . . c.¤ cuibdiusa . . . c.¤ ceille , O'Curry 1031 ( H 3.18, 433 ). Cf. cobfighe celli .i. co rob inunn ciall día nasneis o thosach co diaid in raind .i. na raib claen and, IT iii 30.7 . c.¤ áirme an irregularity in enumerating : c.¤ airmhi, amail ata . . . a tri no cuig no ceathair (because of the perversion of the natural order), IGT Met. Faults § 31 . c.¤ comardud a faulty internal rhyme: c.¤ comhardudh (leg. -daidh? Or claenchomhardadh? ed.), ann seo: Nocho n-oil agh ara orcur / re grain act ge cromthar ceann (i.e. the rhyme between agh and grain is faulty and it is the presence of the `i' in grain that makes it so), § 2 . c.¤ creitte error in the framework of the stanza: c.¤ creite i ndian oireng, amail ata: flaithe niamdha / daine sgiamda cland Conchobair. Lochtach sin, uair ní dleseadh focul beith edir sgiamdha ┐ Conc[h]obhor, § 39 . (On cláen creitte see Stud. Celt. ii 178 .) c.¤ cuibdiusa faulty end-rhyme: [trefhocul] can cloen cuibdiusa. Gabiam la seise soirche / Seotu sochraide soirthe / Ria ndul issin fargge / Gleam ar lessu re n-aidche. .i. soirthe ┐ aidche exemplum, Auraic. 5086 . c.¤ senchais error in historical fact: c.¤ seanc[h]ais, amail ata o Cuind no o Colla no o rRoigh no o Nell no o Duach do dhenaibh do righ d'fearaibh Muman ach duine beas gael riu. O Mogha no o hEmir no o Cais no o Bloid no o Tail do denaibh do dhuine do Leith Cuind acht do dhuine bheas gael riu, IGT Met. Faults § 98 . nir chan gó na c.¤ senchais (sic leg.) riam, MacCarthy 408.8 . c.¤ úaitne error in consonance: c.¤ uaitne, amail ata Bean do gebhadh ara gradh / geal a lamh leabhar a lem. C.¤ uaitne sin ┐ idir lam [leg. gradh] ┐ lem ata, ┐ edhudh claenas re n-ailm, ┐ i lem ata, IGT Met. Faults § 3 .

(d) With other qualifying genitives: airbert cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum / cen claon ceille , O'Dav. 49 . tuccus cath, gēr c[h]lāon cēille / do fhlaith Temhra a departure from good sense, Ériu ix 178 § 11 . ar fochal-cae, ar claen conair, Laws v 470.27 Comm. saor dhiongbhas claon na córa perversion of justice, DDána 48.28 . gan chláon n-irsi `pervert not my faith', Ériu ix 6.67 . níor áirmheas le claon sligheadh `in perverse method', Content. vi 140 .

(e) Of people, iniquitous, unjust person : oc ingrimmim inna cloen `the persecution of the wicked', Thes. ii 247.14 (Camb.). fri bás inna clóen `of the wicked', 320.1 (Hy. ii 59 ). ni aurfóemha dana na cloen `the gifts of the unjust', O'Dav. 1610 . a claín trúaig . . . ro scáig do gal, LU 8569 ( FB 43 ).

Compds. With nouns. i gcéibh na gclaonalt `curling hair', Aithd. D. 11.6 . bellum for Cloenath, AU an. 704 (see Ériu xiii 176 ). croidhe gan claon-bheart, ZCP v 208.117 (Midn. Court). Attrib. g s. gan cionnta claon-bhirt, 209.180 . in tan no beiredh claonbreith unjust judgement, Laws i 24.13 Comm. (opp. to breth ḟīr). imon cclaoinbhreith rucc Diarmait ar Colom Cille im liubar Findén, AFM i 192.z . breitheamh breabóideach . . . rug claoinbhreath, TSh. 6788 . ¤-chaingen: claenferta í ngaeldais aíndre / claenferta na claencaingne, BB 351b32 . ¤-chéimm: can ethar nā chlōenchēmim / cingid tar cech ler `without . . . a false step', Ériu iii 14 § 5 ('na chlóenchéimmim `in their perverse path', Murphy Lyrics 17.5 ). linfaid cloencheo cairechda / cech rind reil co rian ruided, SR 8095 . le claoinchealgaibh an aidhbhirseōra, Beatha S. F. 1962 . earrla na gclaoinchleacht waving tresses, Magauran 965 . ni ellastar cloenchleir, LU 1002 (ACC) (.i. . . . na cliara ni-dligtecha, `for indligthecha', edd.). ¤-choma unjust stipulation : cisdi coimeta celg . . . ┐ claenchomhad, MR 260.2 . Eoganachta . . . Áni Loch Léin Casel Cloendabair, LL 16124 . ¤-derc (2 derc): an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc, Keat. Poems 342 . i comarddus na Cloenfertai tuascertchi, LL 3876 . ataat na dí Chloenḟerta fri Ráith Granni aniar, 3877 . ro marbtha uili i Cloenglais, 28840 . Cuilen na cláenglaise, RC xviii 303.8 (Tig.). claonglonna in gille `wicked deeds', Metr. Dinds. iii 58.65 . Cloenloch. Unde nominatur. Cloen mac Iṅgair, LL 22459 . Cath Claenlocha, RC xvii 136.5 (Tig.). a chionnta ┐ a chláonmhianna, Párl. na mB. 3210 . ¤ míl hare (?) : tosessa lais clóenmíla Cernai, LU 6748 (BDD). geis dō clōenmīla Moighe Sainb do tophand 'it was taboo for him to hunt the hares (?) of Mag Sainb', BDC 106.30 . claennadmanna tolla, O'Curry 1069 ( H 3.18, 441 ). ōn chlaenrāith co Cenannas, Fing. R. 732 (? leg. Chlaen-). dul . . . do Cathair na claenratha bodes, Acall. 6387 . 1 -ré (see 1 ré) wicked life : ciambad lonnbrass digal Dé / fornn ba comadas friar cloenré, SR 3618 . (Cf. Lochlann ii 51 .) 2 -ré (see 3, 4, 5 ré) word or verse of five syllables (so called because it cannot be divided into two equal parts): it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.x) . claenre . . . is a dho ar indara leith ┐ a tri forin leth n-aili, Auraic. 1422 . clóenré dā inso sis: A rí oirdnide / uasail atamhra / bet suairc do comairli / cuairt cen balamna, IT iii 21 § 63 . See Lochlann ii 51 - 2 . ¤-recht (see 1 recht): concertfa c. for iathu Banba, SG 254.29 (rhet.). ¤-rind (see 1 rind) incorrect end-rhyme : c. i ndebide sgailti, amail ata Mor in sgel Don[n]- do dhul / i nErinn is a nAlbain / bedid mna Gaidheal c[h]adh is Gall / ga c[h]aineadh arna comraind. Ataid da c. ann sin .i. c. isin leathrand tosaich . . . edir dul ┐ Albain ata ┐ c. i[n] deridh edir Gall ┐ comraind ata . . ., IGT Met. Faults § 85 . c. i [n]debhi[dhe] imrind, amail ata . . . righ (g s.): Cuirín, fín (a s.): Cuilín, § 86 . rand idir c. ┐ drochgaidhilg Ata triar conchar ag Cund / Niall is Donnc[h]adh is Domnall (i.e. Cund: Domnall is a faulty rhyme but Domnull would be ungrammatical), § 140 . ataid na claenreanda romhaind, § 1 . ¤-ró (see 1 ró): noem in chotaig ni cloenró it was not an excess due to partiality(?), LL 25382 . claon-rosc, Keat. Poems 319 . ¤ṡirite: cidh don cláenṡíridi ṡiabardha mo ṡárugadh do dhenamh, TBC-LL¹ p. 251 n.3 . Cormac a clōen-Temraich sloping Tara, ZCP viii 264 § 22 . ó phór chaithreach claoinTé, DDána 121.32 . ¤tinn d s.?: tug a cainnt dá chlaointinn ghéir `let loose the bitter tongue of his iniquity', Ó Bruad. iii 212.18 . ¤úall (1 úall): cēim cen chlóenúaill ō Dīabul `without wicked pride', Ériu ii 64 § 7 .

With adjj. th'fholt cas claonbhuidhe, DDána 114.25 . Conall Cloentruag t'ainm festa `the wicked wretch', ZCP i 104.18 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. dfheólaibh . . . ccethnatmolt . . . cclaonadharcach, Hugh Roe² 284.15 . Conall Claenbhraigdech Cernach, Cóir Anm. 251 . egoir Calcuis corpthi claenbhreathaigh unjust in judgment, Stair Erc. 2041 . a Shabhdain colaigh, claenbreathaigh, ZCP vi 59.19 . daoine . . . malluighthe claoincheárrdach `having an evil way of life' (Gloss), Párl. na mB. 1835 . Creon claencholach perverse sinful C., TTebe 4655 . cosin cathraig claincolaig, 251 . ¤dairech of bending oak-trees: san adhbha chlaondairigh ós Bóinn bhraoinealaigh, DDána 109.18 . ó Éirne . . . challghloin chlaondoirigh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 74 § 9 . ar a ccorpuibh corpthe cláonmhíanacha having evil desires, Párl. na mB. 2579 . ar Īsa in ḟuilt c[h]laenrāthaigh, ZCP viii 563 §27 . ó chéimniughadh chealgach chlaonrúnach of evil intent, TSh. 8301 .

With verbs. do-s-claencoraigenn icin aclaid `who makes a false representation at the suit', Laws v 462.13 Comm. claonmharbhfaidh mé m'ainmhianta `I shall mortify', Donlevy 190.16 .

With vnn. claonchorrughadh beag suarach don aithrighe, Trompa na bhF. 2433 . ¤díbirciud: drochcostud . . . do chloīndībircthib la drochdaīni, Sc.M² § 17.4 . iomshlán na míorbhuilleadha . . . do chlao[i]ndhéanamh to counterfeit, Trompa na bhF. 2630 . go ndéin an tsúil amharc aindlightheach, ┐ an chluas claoin-éisteacht biassed hearing, TSh. 3039 . gach cosg ┐ claon-mharbhadh na colna `mortification', Donlevy 126.14 .

codnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. codnach or dil.ie/9964

 

Forms: codhnach

adj (? cf. codnaib).

I o, ā adult, compos mentis; sensible, reasonable : clann c.¤ ┐ clann ec.¤ adults and children, Laws iii 402.22 Comm. Compar. is codnaige doib acrudh do dénum they are more competent to plead, Laws ii 66.8 Comm. 12 Comm. is tusu in cor c.¤ , TBC-I¹ 2300 (`the chief hero', TBC-LL² 2703 ). in cú c.¤ , TFerbe 604 . c.¤ cach co feirg `everybody is reasonable', Tec. Corm. 31.13 . Adv. cipi . . . co cobsaid c.¤ , Cog. 156.1 .

n II o, m. codhnach m., IGT § 11 (54.29) , 104 .

(a) In Laws Comm. ` sensible adult ' (Gloss.) (usu. ref. to cond and compounds in text; so freq. also in derivatives): masa codhnach ruc in lenamh . . . istech . . . masa ecodnach, i 178.12 . in fuil icus c.¤ . . . , ┐ nocho n-e fein ro ferustar hi . . . acht druth, v 142.14 . cungnam fri baeth . . . ni icfa in c.¤ , 490.z . cuicthe fri cond cuindegar .i. . . . on codnach i crich, i 80.21 . na codnaigh beraid eric, ii 46.5 . Note also: ni iodhnaig nach codhnach a chrobh i ngrís ima ngenither guirn, Ériu xiii 21.25 , cf. 21.29 . iar diachtain ceille codhnaigh `after he has attained mental maturity', Ériu xvii 68 § 9 gl. 14 . iar tiachtain céille codnaigh dó (a drunk), O'D. 1620 (H.5.15, 14b).

(b) lord, master, chief, leader : fo cen tir dia nad c.¤ / in tí nar tollsgad fele, H.3.18, 767.11. D. Ó B. codhnach Chlann Luirc `captain', Ériu xvi 132 § 4 . ima righuibh ┐ ima codhnachuibh, Lism. L. 3207 . is tú bus c.¤ ┐ bus comairlech dóib `lord and counsellor' (of saint), RC xii 328 § 17 . le coinnlibh creich gcruaidh gcodhnaigh, DDána 113.40 . codhnach cláir nimhe (of Christ), Dán Dé xv 7 . ni aithisfigtheasa codnachu catha, MR 152.21 . ar gcodhnach uile `support,' O'Rah. 114.3 .

? codnaigthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? codnaigthe or dil.ie/9971

 

adj in codnach a comlaintis a ceille codnaighthe become rational, O'Curry 1078 ( H 3.18, 442b ). Part. of codnaigid? Or leg. codnaigh? (see codnach).

coindelg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coindelg or dil.ie/10326
Last Revised: 2013

 

n o, [n. ?], later also ā, f. (com + delg ?). Also cu-.

(a) contract, covenant : cacha críche condelg `to every territory its covenant', Celtica vi 237 ( Laws iv 50.12 ) = cach crich a c.¤ , ACL iii 226.2 (incorrectly O'Dav. 517 ). cuindelg .i. cumaid nó aonta brathar . . . a fer condeilge `the other party to the agreement'(?), O'Dav. 482 . O'Mulc. 275 . la M.D. nad charad cuindeilg (: Muindeirgg), LL 23643 . nocon ḟuil eneclann dóib no co ndernat c.¤ , O'D. 1372 (E iii 52 25b). condelg dligthech . . . c.¤ indligthech, O'Curry 402 ( H 3.18, 223b ). fer condilc fír, Trip.² 2471 . condelg n-ága (cheville), TBC-LL² 404 . iter dis na coindeilge, O'Curry 402 ( H 3.18, 223b ). coindealg .i. tacra no comdeoliugha[d] no comradh [ut est] gle is fiu cosmail condelg mberla `like a covenant in the law-language', O'Dav. 352 . fofand .i. fo-bend i condiulc bend muchnae, O'Mulc. 550 . for-fi a ccondilc 'he completed their partnership' ZCP xxvii 72 (coindelg refers here to an agreement among co-heirs to hold their inheritance in common with right of survivorship, whereby the last survivor takes everything).

(b) counsel, advice : coindealg comairle, Metr. Gl. Ff. 10 . O'Cl. tar coindeilg mbretheaman, O'Curry 1607 ( 23 Q 6, 5 a ). contúaset . . . uli a condelg `counsel', BDD 114 .

(c) comparison, gramm. comparative degree: dodenom condeilgg and gl. rationabilius, Sg. 42a4 . húare bís ɔṅdelgg indib gl. non absolute, 45a9 . .11 . in chondealg lasin Laitneoir `comparison', Auraic. 668 . condelg ceille . . . ┐ condelg suin, 698 . a ngrad condeilg `the comparative degree', 639 . co ra lín a chlú ┐ a chondelg . . . fon Éoraib uile, LL 31834 `the comparing of him', TTr. 1022 . With follg. prep. FRI: niáil dún ar condelc friú `to compare ourselves with them', Wb. 17b9 . cen a chondelg fri nech gl. pro positiuo possitus, Sg. 42a6 . na caemnactar . . . ríg ná rígdomnai . . . condelg na cutrummus fris, LL 31833 (TTr.). With gen.: hi coindeilc in gotho `in comparison with', Sg. 3b1 (see note). hi coindeulgg inna innsce óge, 25b2 . a coinnilg ferb nDē, Corm. Y 584 . am choinneilg, O'Curry 1300 ( H 3.18, 539b ). i condiulc in maithiusa, Trip.² 2108 . i condiulg na cetesergi, LU 2717 . i fégad ┐ i coṅdiulg cech dána, PH 5450 .

(d) conjunction: conndelg ┐ (pro)nomen ┐ briathar 'conjunction and (pro)noun and verb' Stud. Celt. xiv/xv 16 .

2 coll

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 coll or dil.ie/10501
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: coll, call, colla, coill, caill, cailli, coill, caill, coll, call

n Orig. appar. o, n. ( c.¤ ngisse, LU 5115 ), later variable in form, gender and inflexion. coll call (ón phearsain) m. g s n p. colla, IGT Decl. § 95 (127.8) . coill caill (ón phersain) f., § 14 (69.7) (cf. g s. cailli, Mac Aingil 1002 ). coill, caill, coll, call, Verbs § 77 .

(a) destruction, spoiling, injury; later loss ; as quasi-vn. act of destroying, injuring; losing : mór c.¤ ceille . . . / beith fo étoil Maic Maire great folly, Thes. ii 296.8 . ni frīth c.¤ and dó `no hurt was found to him therein', 343.3 (Hy. v). ? uirum luscum no c.¤ oculo dextera , 236.3 (or read goll?). ar c.¤ a roisc, LU 4058 . coll etha, 7453 ( BDD § 101 ). rosiacht c.¤ do chombár injury has come upon the nape of your neck(?), 6034 . amal bis ethaid foluaimneach im net ar na ch.¤ do nathraig impi, TTebe 2100 . ar c.¤ mo cloidhimh-sea, MR 302.15 . acá coill, O'Gr. Cat. 213.32 . gul Gaillsighe ar gcall Gaill on the death of, Dánfhocail 271 . i ndiaidh ar gcarad do chaill, DDána 63.2 . c.¤ .i. milleadh, O'Cl. súil nó chos nó lámh do chaill, TSh. 5433 . ar gcaill do lúith ┐ do mheisnigh, Maguires of F. 94 . mo chall `my misfortune', O'Rah. 26.6 . d'a nach bhfuil fós breith na caill who has nothing to gain or lose, Donlevy 332.27 . caill na glóire the loss of glory, 186.8 . íar ccaill a fhola, Parrth. Anma 782 .

(b) castration : ag . . . slan o cull, ZCP xiv 351 § 9 ( Laws ii 244.x ); 'sound (i.e. in good health) after castration' ZCP xxxvii 6 . na laoigh, na cullaigh ┐ na huain fireanna do chaill, Corp. Astron. 52.7 .

(c) deflowering : ar is leis c.¤ cetingen (sic leg.?) ria nUltaib do gres (of Conchobar), LU 10476 = jus primae noctis the deflowering of the first maidens, the first deflowering of the maidens Comp. CC 64, 152 . caill a nn-oigi ┐ a n-ingenais, TTebe 727 . go raibh sí na máthair . . . gan caill a hoghachta, Donlevy 386.13 .

(d) violation (of a law, taboo, etc.): c.¤ geisi ┐ cána, Trip.² 447 . bid aithrech c.¤ cid īar tain / fo[r] foīsam maic Roig rogmair (i.e. the violation of Fergus's guarantee will be regretted), LMU² 65 . a enech do ch.¤ , Cóir Anm. 239 . gin c.¤ cana P., Laws iii 388.4 Comm. toigheacht tar c.¤ cairdeas (sic) dom iondsoighidh, ZCP x 293.20 . c.¤ creidimh, DDána 55.5 . call eagna, Content. viii 11 . nach guais coill a comuirghe `whose safeguard is not in danger of violation', O'Hara 656 . tré ch.¤ a smachta, AFM v 1480.17 . tré choill reachta na Teamhrach `for having transgressed', Keat. iii 1382 . ní heól uainn gan chall na cánadh no one of us is known not to have violated, IGT Verbs ex. 698 .

In phrr. i cca(i)ll, ar ch.¤ in need, in misfortune : bíodh gur léir léigis me i gcaill ar lár, Hackett xxi 6 (accaoill, v.l.). ar núaisleacht chineil ar call, Rel. Celt. ii 254 § 36 . oc c.¤ ar (= for): gnáth é [sc. an saoghal] ar a chaomhthach ag call `always it fails a companion', Celtica iv 111 § 1 . cen ch.¤ without fail, complete: nai mbliadna ┐ cet gan c.¤ , MacCarthy 312.w § 2 . trian ele an chiosa gan chaill, BNnÉ 259 § 219 . dobhér sa da chionn gan caill / nert, is umhlacht, is oirrim, 271 § 243 . abla tīre Barsābe / ubla orro gach rāithe, / dia domnaig tīagaid dia c.¤ (coill, MS) / 's nī bí orro aenuball, Ériu iii 145 § 27 (`to steal them').

? Compd. tri capall a collbuilg .i. cuaball .i. derc a tona, O'Dav. 572 (`foul belly').

comeillgither

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comeillgither or dil.ie/11097
Last Revised: 2019

 

v etc. (see in-loing): [mad] i cunn comlann c.¤ .i. o comeillgis iad a comlaintis a ceille codhnaigh is joined(?), bound(?), O'Curry 2405 ( Eg. 88, 31 (32)d ) = 1081 ( H 3.18, 443a ; Contract Law 150 § 23 ). See also s. 3 coblach.

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