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cenél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cenél or dil.ie/8601

Forms: chenéel, ceneel, chenéil, cinél, -eoil, -éoil, -euil, -éuil, -ioil, -iuil, -íoil, -iúil, -éil, -íl, -eul, -éul, -iul, -íul, -eol, -él

n o, n. chenéel, Wb. 29d6 , ceneel, 28b1 , chenéil, 5a14 (see GOI 37 ). Later cinél. g s. -eoil, -éoil, -euil, -éuil, -ioil, -iuil, -íoil, -iúil, later -éil, -íl. d s. -eul, -éul, -iul, -íul, later -eol, -él.

(a) kindred, race, tribe, nation : icht .i. cinēl, Corm. Y 787 . c.¤ ` children ', Metr. Gl. 56.3 . cenel .i. clann, O'Cl. cineal `a nation, kindness ', Eg. Gl. 204 (see (g) below). mo ch.¤ colnide gl. carnem meam `my fleshly kindred', Wb. 5b19 . drécht caich ceniúil `a portion of every nation', 5c3 . écoscc a cheneóil `the mark of His nation', 6d6 . inna c(h).¤ forrorbris `the peoples whom He had routed', Ml. 67b24 . inna c.¤ sin (n pl.), 72d5 . inna cenela gl. nationes, 37a3 . ar chuit ceneuil `by race', 66d1 . a huili chenela indomuin, 67b17 . a chenela són gl. partes, 103d3 . innananmman inchoisc ceníuil gl. cognominum, Sg. 28b4 . comaitecht ceniuil dochenéul, 75a6 . do cenel `your people', Blathm. 46 . ar ciniuil do chur `the slaughter of a tribe', Laws v 450.26 . arindí as toísech a ceníul, Críth G. 387 . cuic treaba di-a ceiniul `five houses of his own race', Laws v 514.17 . ar ḟebas do chrotha ┐ do ceille ┐ do ceneoil descent, LU 8226 ( FB 17 ). nach sóimm i mbrethir nach i ceneol , PH 1761 . slaniccid in chenéoil doenna, 1168 . do chenel dea do `of the stock of the gods', Aen. 677 . do chenel na Cristaige, PH 1402 . os cinn chinil na ndaine = prae filiis hominum, Smaointe B. Chr. 3809 . ba duaislibh a cheiniúil eisidhe, Hugh Roe² 90.15 .

(b) In tribal names: lassar ingen anfolmithe dicheniul caicháin, Thes. ii 238.16 (Ardm.). c.¤ fétho fio `the race of Fith Fio', 239.1 (ibid.). do mhaithibh ceineoil Chonuill (: deigheoil), DDána 66.7 . ar maithe Cinīl Luighdeach, Ériu xvii 24 § 29 (Cinēil, 26 § 35). iomthúsa chinéal gConuill, TD 3.17 . Hence of territory: i tir ba ceiniul doaib riam `in a land which had previously belonged to their tribe', Laws iv 4.29 .

(c) In phrases: re a ccenel ┐ re a n-aicmi, Cog. 42.23 . a clann ┐ a cinél, ACL iii 4.36 . dochum a chrichi ┐ a chineoil, TTebe 4617 . a slond ┐ a chenel, Aen. 2381 . tar cenn tuaithe ┐ ceneoil, Laws v 186.4 . bunada ceniuil, BB 327b25 (cf. bunad). gach bean aga bunadh-chineóil, ML 88.34 . tainic a chinél bunaidh-sium Phatraic cu Bretnu, Lism. L. 42 . Attrib. g s as is proper among relations, familial, natural; by nature: bunadh na ccéadghlún cciníl (: sídh) `stock of the first generations', Studies 1920, 97 § 1 . an tréad nar thréad ceiníl, DDána 31.20 . caor do mhianach criadh ceinéil (: ghréin), 49.2 . a bhláth clúimhfheadha cheiníl (: Aibhilín), 74.67 . gabhthar ainn-séin ga n-aos cheoil / dán re cuisleannaibh ceineoil, 85.46 . Cf. aos ceoil na gcuislionn gciniuil, Celtica iv 119 § 35 . cuairt cheiníl, DDána 90.18 . fa binn c[e]ineoil `who was musical by nature', Duan. F. ii 120 § 12 . ordhruic an dá chéim cheiníl, O'Hara 2277 .

(d) Of animals species: cenela anmidead erchoideacha, TTebe 2774 . elta do enaib gach ceniuil ein, Aen. 1470 . táinig . . . / ar chaorchaibh a cheineoil `returned to its fellows', Dán Dé xii 18 . ar enirte gacha ceneóil cethra `of all kinds of cattle', Hugh Roe² 92.7 .

(e) In general sense of kind, sort, type: hi cach ceniul fis ┐ ecni, Sg. 2a2 . hisin cethramad ceniul na sulbaire romanta `in the fourth kind of Roman rhetoric', Hib. Min. 13.440 . cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne?, ZCP xii 359.11 . secht cinela aire, Laws v 228.25 . cech cenel galair, PH 3824 . don chinel c[h]ēdna of the same kind, ML² 1473 . cenel flatha dligtigh eisein `he is a kind of lawful chief', Laws ii 202.13 Comm. cenel m-bíd. MR 16.6 . a cheinél ni fhuair gach aoinfher `the like of it', Rel. Celt. ii 220.27 . ar an dara cinéal peacaidh, TSh. 1493 . an cinél pearsan sin class (of nouns), IGT Decl. § 11 (55.18) .

With cach: do chenel gacha dighi, Aen. 375 . mergi . . . do cenel cacha datha, Cog. 156.4 . mor . . . ┐ do cheniul cecha lenna somilis, MacCarthy 42.6 . In Auraic. in classification: in gne no in cenel in fidh? Is cenel . . . fid inn ogaim, in gne no in cenel? Is cenel . . . ar techtaid gne, 853 . See 3735 ff. and gné.

With abstract genitive in sense of a sort of, a certain amount of: rongab cenel aithrechuis ┐ imnáire he, LB 114b23 . rosgab tespach mór ┐ híttu ┐ cénel occaruis, 141b24 . tria cenel n-airceseacht, ZCP xxx 119.36 (Alex.).

(f) Gramm. gender: atrobair cach cenel `every gender can say it', Sg. 190b4 . imchloud cenéiuil, 31b12 . da c.¤ , 61a14 . do chenelaib . . . ar is écsamil a c.¤ , 211a14 . ceneiuil (g s.), 16 . Note also: don chinéal bhanda `to the female sex', Corp. Astron. 74.15 .

(g) kindness, friendship, affection (see Celtica i 367 ): ta cairdine ┐ cenel etraind `there is friendship and relationship between us', Aen. 1852 . nā faghuim focal ciníl, O'R. Poems 2849 . an dream roinneas cinéal riú, go roinnfidhear cinéal riú-san, TSh. 4942 . nar dhearmuid a chinéul don bheó = kindness, Ruth ii 20 . do dhearbha chinéil bhur ngrádhasa, 2 Cor. viii 8 . do ghéabha cinéal = shall obtain favour, Proverbs viii 35 (1827) . fiafruighis C. dhi cia da ndéineadh cinéal an uisce an lachta ┐ na luachra `for whom she was making the special selection of . . .', Keat. ii 4719 . See Dinneen and cf. cineolta.

Compd. is argain . . . cenélchlainni in talman, LL 31276 ( TTr. 458 ).

do-fúarascaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fúarascaib or dil.ie/17697

Forms: tuarascbat, tuarascbait, rotuarascaib, rotuarascfat, túarascbáil

v (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 528 ) discloses, reveals, describes, makes known, characterizes. Indic. pres. 3 s. imbass forosnae .i. d.¤ sec[h]ip rēt bas maith lasin filid ┐ bes adlaic dó d' foillsiugad, Corm. Y 756 . cach deidbli fil i mbērlae is -ān no -ēne dofuarusccuib characterizes, 1301 . d.¤ a soas, Laws i 42.36 Comm. is de dofuarasgaib in flaith, O'Dav. 822 . 3 pl. nís tuarascbat feisin cen gutai they do not express themselves without vowels gl. consonantes sine vocalibus immobiles sunt, Sg. 7a11 . trí tuarascbait cach ngenmnaide three things that characterize every chaste person, Triads 187 . Cf. also 189 , 190 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. rotuarascaib ind echlach disi et roinnis scéla . . . dó-som, TFerbe 515 . ? ised a cenel-sin dofhorgascaib in indsi-sea diar ceneol-ni (of the Síl Nemid), Lec. 350a25 . ? Pass. co rotuarascfat adi i mBuirind Connacht, ACL iii 326.6 .

Vn. túarascbáil. IGT Vbs. § 100 .

soim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. soim or dil.ie/38349

adj i rich, wealthy : fer soimm airmitnech, Trip.² 2698 . ní cuitbe . . . bocht ciarba ṡuim `do not deride a poor person though you are rich', Tec. Corm. § 12.4 . doim in ti gaibhes in rath ┐ s.¤ in ti o ngabur, Laws v 266.18 Comm . Petar in t-iascaire guach nach sóimm i mbrethir nach i ceneol nach i cumachtu, PH 1760 . fer s.¤ saidbir, LL 218a21 . fer sochair s.¤ , ZCP viii 120.2 . fer suim sochonáigh co ffebhus tige n-aoidheadh, AFM v 1822.21 . secht mbliadna . . . | somma slána sonaidé, SR 3382 . Tuatha Dé Danann na séd suim `of the precious jewels', Keat. i 208.x . ised dosgní somma uli, Alex. 849 . Frainc ┐ Saxain soma, ZCP x 339 § 15 . Superl. conid é is somma do rigaib domain, D IV 2, 74ra20 . Adv. aes gráid in cech cill | co sāim is co soimm, KMMisc. 274 § 62 .

As subst. a rich person: gach s.¤ sochla brígh `every rich person famed for power', Ériu iv 238.1 . cach s.¤ is cech doim, ZCP vi 265 § 26 . fég . . . latt . . . iartaige n-anfechtnaig na soimm ┐ na sochenelach, PH 4264 . itir som ┐ dom, O'D. 969 ( H 3.17, 679b ). cach suim .i. soinme .i. a feidb .i. airmidin, O'Curry 878 ( H 3.18, 393b ).

súail(l)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. súail(l) or dil.ie/39064

Forms: súail

adj i small, trifling, insignificant : ni suail .i. nir' bo bec hé ifus iar ceneol nó hi fiss, ACC 117 . súail gl. séim, Goid. 161 § 25 . súaill .i. beag. ní suaill .i. ní beag, O'Cl.

I As adj.

(a) Predicatively: ní súail in tairm, Metr. Dinds. iii 348.19 . is svail a tharbai do neoch ergi a atharda little does it profit a man to leave his patrimony, Three Hom. 94.9 . nír shúail ní ris bud shamalta leiss, TBC-LL¹ 5025 . ní ba suaill inní fris `not trifling did that seem to him', CCath. 663 . is suaill in t-olcc do-rígnis, PH 6473 . nocha nfuil ceol . . . | nár shuaill fogar . . . | acht a canadh C., SG 109.10 . súaill inní as buide le bocht the poor man is thankful for little, ZCP vii 268 § 6 . a Athsa toir | ac nar suaill m'ághsa where I fought strenuously, Irish Texts ii 10 § 2 . suaill id ghuinse . . . | a fuilse id dheoidh go ndortaid it will not suffice, Aithd. D. 92.3 . ba suaill um fhochraibh th'aighneas `poor would be your arguments compared to mine', Content. xxii 24 . do chíos-sa ní ba suail síth `thy tribute was powerful for peace', Dán Dé xxvi 24 . suaill gach duine go D. no one is of account compared with D., Caithr. Thoirdh. 44.3 .

(b) In chevilles: ni suail, SR 1465 . nir suaill sin, BCC 390.4 . nī sūaill in sein, ZCP viii 113.z . ní suaill, Laws iv 42.5 Comm .

(c) In phrases. (is) s.¤ nach almost, nearly : is súail naptar decra daill `they were wonders for a blind man almost to see', Metr. Dinds. iii 372.95 . robo súail nárbo secc-marb, 400.22 . suail nach farroeblaṅgatar in bruiden `they almost leaped the mansion', CRR 15 (20.y) . is suail nach fatha conais dait a romét ros molais, TBC-LL¹ 3344 . as suaill narbo nar leis a nderna do dánacht gloir, CCath. 5018 . súail nach táinic mo tiuglecht, RC xxiii 410 § 20 . is [s]uaill nar fhāg síad a n-anmain d'ecla in mara, KMMisc. 319.6 . buaidhreadh . . . | ón suaill nach snámhaid snáithe m'anma neóill which almost causes me to swoon away, Hackett xii 32 . Note also: ba sūaill tra co rroibdithe in curach cona lucht, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 92 ) = ba suaill tra nach báite in curach, Corm. 37.1 . is s.¤ hardly, scarcely : as suaill ma ro bhaoí do chlandaibh na gC. . . . a comhmór do écht ar a inmhe féin, AFM v 1700.6 . as suaill má ro faccbadh leó baile gan brisedh, 1744.23 . ba suaill má ro hairigheadh iad, vi 2084.5 .

(d) Attributively (rare): téit ma sech in saegul suail, LL 306b27 . nā sir (sic leg.) fis do tsāegail shūaill, ZCP vii 301 § 1 . ní gníomh suaill, AFM ii 674.8 .

(e) Adv.: ni suail rosainig not feebly did he protect her, Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 9 .

II As subst. [n.]: is suail romfera `it is little that suffices me', Wb. 24b15 . ar ní hinfhíadnaisi acht fri cach súaill cannot give valid evidence except in trifling matters, Críth G. 35 . ōn laithiu romc[h]uitc[h]estuir | sūaill a n-aiscidh rohsīress I made few requests in vain (?), ZCP vii 305.30 . With follg. DE: suaill bec don arbur, Laws iv 52.21 Comm . suaill dib `but few of them', 164.x Comm . is suail dia n-echuibh nach faghuibh bas gach bliadain, Marco P. 175 . Of time: ba suail do Níall . . . | co toracht creitem dil Dé `it was a short space from N.', Metr. Dinds. ii 38.43 . ri suail `for a short while', Auraic. 1604 = ní súail, 5366 . ? gidh suail ó ané gus aniogh, Dán Dé xxv 5 . In phr. acht s.¤ almost, nearly : luid dar formna lái acht suáil, LL 109b19 ( RC xiv 414 § 26 ). co romarb í acht suaill, Thr. Ir. Gl. xliii 17 . Cf. go ro scaichsett a laochradh acht súaill biucc, Leb. Gab.(i) 144.26 . ? bronntach suaill na suadh do mealladh `who beguiled the needs of learned sages', Ó Bruad. i 142.15 .