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ad-reith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-reith or dil.ie/544

 

Forms: adreth-, ad-reith, ad-rethar, matrorais, matroiris, ad-roir, ad-rorasdar, atroraisitar, -arustar, -aristar, -airsed, adroreasta, -arraid, ataroirthet[ar, adrartatar, atarethusa, adrethsat, adreithset, árad

v (* ad-reth-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 598 . The form adreth- is perh. in some exx. to be taken as perf. of at-etha . See also ind-reith and ZCP xxv 246-7 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. ad-reith, ZCP xi 97 § 62 . Pass. sg. ad-rethar, ib. Subj. pres. 3 s. matrorais, O'D. 1564 (H 5. 15, 3b) = matroiris, O'Curry 512 (H 3.18, 259). 3 s. ad-roir, Laws ii 122.3 . Cf. atomrai .i. domfainic, RC xxi 401.24 Pass. sg. ad-rorasdar, O'Dav. 91 . atroraisitar, 1372 . -arustar, Laws iv 240.11 . -aristar, 114.27 . ?Subj. impf. 3 s. -airsed, RC xxii 402.1 . pass. sg. adroreasta, Laws iv 104.3 Comm. pret. and perf. 3 s. -arraid, BDD² 300 . 3 pl. ataroirthet[ar, TBC-I¹ 2951 . adrartatar, ZCP viii 313.20 . With s-pret. 1 s. atarethusa, LU 9394 . 3 pl. adrethsat, 5444 . adreithset, Rawl. 84b24 .

Vn. árad?

Cf. ar-reith.

(a) runs towards, attains to: adreith richid réde, Fél. Prol. 120 . adreth (adreith, atreith, v.ll.) riched rúnach, dunad Adriáni, Nov. 6. adreth (adreith, v.l.) buaid úas búadaib `the reward above rewards she has attained', Aug. 30. ?conid iar sin adrith (no rogabh) A. eired . . . alaile miled imbi, BB 495b1 = Alex. 765 .

(b) attacks: dollotar . . . in slōig ataroirthet[ar] araid Ulad the charioteers of Ulster attacked them, TBC-I¹ 2951 . iar sin atarethusa / cíar adbol a ndrong / co ndernus a n-ordnecha I attacked them . . . and crushed them to pieces, LU 9394 . adreidset leirg Liphi láin, Rawl. 84b24 . atreithsid biodhbhaidh fríu fria hedail forta, BNnÉ 106 § 22 . Of attack in chess: gabsait imbirt na fer fithchille . . . adrethsat (adresad v.l., TBC-I¹ 968 ) na firu oír ┐ argait tarsin clár crédumae, LU 5444 .

(c) overtakes; arrests: téit ina ndíaid . . . ┐ nisn-árraid he did not overtake them, BDD² 300 . luid dono Conall Cernach . . . connarruith Ailill ┐ Meidb hi Tailltin, ZCP iv 47.9 . odhilse neich adrorasdar isin ceatramad feis i.e. full forfeiture of whatever shall be caught in the fourth trespass, Laws iv 104.4 Comm. eirlim acht adroirisdair a ndiaid riasiu ro drengad taris, 8 Comm. dilsi neich adroir diib inna thir `such of them as he shall catch', ii 122.3 Comm. mana arustar for a lepuidh, iv 240.11 .i. mana tarrtaither, 242.6 Comm. mas rullatside cona [a]rustar forra `if they have absconded so that they cannot be caught', 240.9 . ?riasiu co narustar co derbḟine, 242.2 . i.e. before a claim is made on the `derbfine', Plummer MS. notes. nechtar da lina adrorastar a crich a cheili, O'Curry 804 (H 3.18, 372b) = hitrorustar, O'Curry 22 (ib. 10 a). ?ní áirsed augra in dá túathmáil `that he should not settle(?) the quarrel. . . ', RC xxii 402.1 . Cf. ní ahurrais augra . . . (ar-fuirig), BDD² 181 n. ?aic-siu macu imin smacht so . . . co neoch adroirter fort di nasc a rer brethaman .i. do neach is adha do tharrachtain do dhlestin dit, O'Curry 2729 (Eg. 88, 61b).

Cf. atnúarat.

caur

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caur or dil.ie/8406
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cur, corad, curaid, churaidh, choraidh, curaidhe, churadh, curadchomhlond

n d, m. Also cur (see GOI 51 ). ? g p. corad, Fél. Prol. 167 . Later n s. curaid. g s. in churaidh , Duan. F. ii 52 § 74 (see Gloss.) d s. ón choraidh , PBocht 13.27 . n p. curaidhe, ML 14.12 . f. in: an churadh nár thláth (n s.), Párl. na mB. 2285 .

Warrior, hero : roart c.¤ , Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25.10 . cernach c.¤ , Corp. Gen. 9.8 . no daimtis cauraid cára, 283.11 . dál inna caurath, LU 8750 ( FB 56 ). sian caurad (feat of Cú Chulainn), 5972 (TBC). do neoch ba sruthem . . . inna caurad, 4980 = ina churad, TBC-I¹ 491 . in c.¤ cétach, Metr. Dinds. iii 154.33 . nar c.¤ rus romaith (.i. trenfer .i. daghlaech), Ériu ii 3.5 (B. na f.). déca a churadu co mbríg, LU 3600 ( SCC 30 ). ni faigebasu curaid caín . . . bádam fiusa, 3912 ( 42 ). dollotar . . . a triur churad, 9037 ( FB 79 ). is cur caín cathbúadach (of Cú Chulainn), 8956 ( 71 ). cach curaid a gleó, ACL iii 227.37 . da chur ┐ dá chainnill (of Castor and Pollux), LL 31110 ( TTr. 295 ). fo chīch curad / crēchtaig, Sc.M² 15 . cur cat[h]ach, Corm. Y 398 . ? C. cona churu (cor dar curu, v.l.), Anecd. i 49 § 20 . roordaich curadu (curaidh, v.l.) croda re cathugud, TTebe 2715 . Uilliam Congcar [cur gan locht], Aithd. D. 38.17 . ? Cf. in cuir cruaid, Fen. 220.8 . i n-aimsir na gcuradh ┐ na Féine, TSh. 5754 . in c.¤ ┐ in cathmilid, TTr.² 27 . cauraid cholma, Rawl. 84a41 . ceann na gcuradh gcaithinnilte, DDána 89.13 . a mír churadh is chugam do díorghadh, Keat. Poems 1595 (see compds.).

Attrib. gen. warriorlike : a céim curad, MacCarthy 178 § 4 . a adhuath errad ┐ a chruas churadh (of Hercules), Stair Erc. 1348 . i n-a c[h]rom-ruathar c[h]urad, ML² 277 . gurab eirghe curadh / bidh ulad cech cúile, BNnÉ 308.y . dá shúil churad, RC xiii 82 § 89 . fled chaurad a feast fit for warriors, LU 8795 ( FB 59 ). 8821 ( 62 ). míad curad cathbúadach, 3847 ( SCC 38 ). As n.pr. m.: Cáur mac Da Láth, LU 5987 (TBC). .u. Caurith, 6522 (TBC).

In compds. the form is curad-. With nouns: curadchomhlond ` heroic conflict ', TTebe 3098 . curadmír warrior's portion : Incipit Fled Bricrend ┐ in Curathmír Emna Macha (title), LU 8038 . do thabairt in curadmire do neach díb, 8972 ( FB 72 ). go dtarla imreasan fá'n gcuraidhmhír idir Chonall Chearnach ┐ Choin gCulainn, Keat. ii 3072 . With adjj.: i nDruim Chetta churadchoem of the fair warriors, RC xx 138.17 (ACC). cuingedha curadhcúisecha ` hardy warriors ', ZCP vi 29.15 . See cora(i)d, 3 curach.

1 cern

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cern or dil.ie/8770

 

Forms: ceinn

n [ā, f.]. Also dental endings in pl. Perh. same wd. as 2 cern.

(a) angle, corner, recess (in various applications): do sírégem cecha cúli ┐ cecha cerna de (of a helmet), LU 6436 (TBC). ? dabach aircit co cerclaib ōrda impe, ZCP iii 459.23 (cernaib, v.l. Rawl. B 512 ). a cuachán cruinn cheithre ccearn, Atlantis iv 140.14 . dar múraib ┐ dar cernaib in betha, MU² 499 . sechnad cera ó cheirn do cheirn / ac imthecht le droichcetheirn from one remote spot to another(?), SG 52.8 (`from table to table', O'Gr., as if 2 cern). i cúil ┐ i cernaidh Fheadha Gatlaidh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 30.6 . cia hí an chearna don domhan i n-a dteabhradh iarraidh air G., ITS xxiv 104.12 . itir chuan ┐ chúil ┐ chearn ┐ charraig (the sea), CF² 74 . do chuirset na cruite i cernnadaib na colbad, Acall. 7194 . aingeal in gach cearnaich don taich, YBL 148a42 (? leg. -naid). ós chionn a chearn (of a castle), DDána 119.27 . do bhris [soighnéan do ghaoith] cheathra chúinne nó cearna an tighe, TSh. 2503 . Freq. of battle-positions: nara cloitis cernada na cath, LL 32504 (`the angles of the battalions', TTr. 1702 ). ro rannsat . . . a bfianlach . . . fora chernaibh cosnamha `points of defence', Hugh Roe² 312.6 .

(b) Of a swelling, excrescence on the body: Conall Cernach didiu .i. cearn robói assa lethchinn bá meítither fría cobhraidh sceíth, Cóir Anm. 251 . c.¤ doroine in darb dael . . . baí ina laim iga breth, BB 250a50 . Cf. nocon érnába c.¤ ná cárna dít, LU 6972 (= cerr, BDD² 547 ) (Stokes, RC xxii 58.5 , would read ceinn and translate fell). Attrib. g s. for uaitne cerna in cholbai `on the corner pillar', RC xiii 104 § 134 .

3 cern

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 cern or dil.ie/8772

 

n o, m. victory, triumph; exploit, spoils(?): c.¤ .i. buaid, unde Conall Cernach , Corm. Y 293 . So also Cóir Anm. 252 . `c.¤' búaidh, Metr. Gl. 12 § 18 . is tú láech na cernd ┐ na comram (to C. Cernach), LU 8135 ( FB 10 ). caín tintaí chucum co cernaib co cennaib (of C. Cernach), 8310 ( FB 23 , rhet.). granne genite cruan c.¤ Con Culaind cathbuadaig, LL 14234 (rhet.). cīallḟlaith immurgu, con-gaib side a chrícha cen choscru cen chernu, ZCP xi 86 § 46 . mór a cearna fria tuireamh, Hard. ii 296.4 (.i. a bhuadha). do cernuib Conrui (.i. do buadhaib nó do ghnímuibh), Ériu ii 5.12 .

Obscure: c.¤ eter crethaib / curethar crúaid, LU 8645 ( FB 48 , rhet.). conid fri cernu crúadchassa / tri .c. chorae comlána / úasind rurig rathrúanaid, 7424 (BDD rhet.). cuinnfi .i. co cubhaidh, ut est direnar cuinnfi cuchta cerna `men's faces', O'Dav. 346 . is lán Heriu dia clanna[i]b / c.¤ co soírḟuil, LL 4880 . Cing co cerrnn dia cerrn-seomh / im mac Perrnn a n-ainmseomh, Todd Nenn. 142.5 .

cearn .i. fear, O'Cl. (prob. an inference).

? Compd. rohīr dam . . . .x. saine cernd claidhem (leg. cernd-chl. ten kinds of victory-swords?), Ériu ii 3.12 (.i. coscrach nó búadhach, H.3.18; cern, v.l.).

1 cernach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cernach or dil.ie/8774

 

adj o, ā (1 cern)

(a) angular, having corners : gia mag and in cúlach c.¤ ochrach glennachsa, LL 8606 (TBC). bruiden . . . chúlach ch.¤ , MU² 204 . cen broind cóicduirn comlethain cernaig . . . cethirochair, LB 217b64 (cernaig . . . om. MacCongl. 75.17 ). do laruachtar eanbruithi choiri cernaig Concobair, YBL 177a51 .

(b) having an excrescence(?): Conall C.¤ didiu .i. cearn robói assa lethchinn. . . . Is dé bá C., Cóir Anm. 251 .

2 cernach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cernach or dil.ie/8775

 

adj o, ā (3 cern) victorious, triumphant : bid c.¤, bid cathbúadach, ZCP xi 87 § 52 ( LL 37625 ). Aed eangach na nuachath / cathcro cearnach, IT iii 89 § 116 . c.¤ caur cruaidgniad, Corp. Gen. 9.8 . Conall comhrumhach .i. cearnach, O'Curry 2410 ( Eg. 88, 32 (33)b ). cearnach .i. buadach, Stowe Gl. 29 . ? cearnach dubhairt Dīa do adhradh, ZCP viii 198 § 24 .

As epithet of Conall son of Amorgin: Conall C.¤ . . . .i. Conall trénḟer, . . . nó Conall C.¤ .i. Conall buádhach, Cóir Anm. 252 . cearn .i. buaid. unde dicitur Conall C. .i. buadach insin, Thr. Ir. Gl. 11 . As subst. clann an chernoigh Chonoill, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 36 . As n. pr. m. C.¤ Sotal, BColm. 72.2 . Níall mac Cernaigh Sotail, RC xvii 210.15 (Tig.).

? 3 cernach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 3 cernach or dil.ie/8776

 

n c.¤ .i. buaidh lām dicitur, ar cach dan dognīat lāmhae is cerd dongairther, O'Mulc. 222 (? leg. cerdach).

cláen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláen or dil.ie/9306
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Cuilín

adj o, ā

I

(a) uneven, crooked, sloping; aslant, bending, stooped; curving, curved : dosroraind . . . cona deilg. Sīa īarom rosīacht a dealg ūaithe sair a bēlaib oldās dar a hais sīar. Is aire is clōen ind less, Corm. Y 502 . clóen ind ráth dind leith adiu, RC xiii 462 § 65 . in chuirn chláoin curved(?), IGT Decl. ex. 356 . a bheith claon nochar chás duid `its laying low troubled thee not' (of a severed head), PBocht 14.35 . ? Fig. mo chiall ata claon, Atlantis iv 180.31 .

(b) Freq. of hair waving (?) flowing (?): folt claon, DDána 96.33 . ciabh dhaghcruinn n-a cuaichleirg claoin, Magauran 1001 . is camarsach claon . . . / a carn-ḟolt, Keat. Poems 65 .

(c) Of eyes, squinting: Finan Cam . . . .i. cloen a rosc, Fél. 112.23 , Gorm. Apr. 7n. dā mac imleasan . . . ┐ sīat clǣna, TBC-I¹ 2612 . gura bhris in suil claein, MR 36.13 .

As epithet: a trian ro charsat Conall Cloen batis cloín cot acallaim, LL 13522 (Thurn., ZCP viii 72 ff. q.v., would translate hump-backed ). Conghal Caoch, no Claon, AFM an. 624 . co tard beach . . . a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo ṡuil. Congal C. mo ainm ar sin, MR 34.12 . an Giolla claon Ua Ciardha, tigherna Coirpri, AFM ii 1092.11 .

(d) In moral sense, iniquitous, perverse, unjust, biassed: cil .i. claon no cutruma, O'Dav. 467 (? leg. écutrumma). nate ni clóin gl. (numquid iniquitas apud Deum?) Absit, Wb. 4c17 . in miscuis clóin, Ml. 46d10 . inna mbritheman cloin, 103b17 (brithem, MS.). adbar inna combartae cloine, 71c6 . is gó flatha do-ber sína saíba for tūatha clóena. ZCP xi 82 § 25 . scítha láma indrosc (sic leg.?) cloína unjust demands(?), LU 10884 (TE rhet.). ingena cloína Cain, LL 17437 . nírbat santa[ch] immun mbith / nō for ind nim (leg. indiub) chlóen, ACL iii 312 § 6 (indium, in nem, v.ll.). gan beith fa chomadaib claena `unjust conditions', MR 120.26 . freasdal a gcor gclaon `crooked wiles', Aithd. D. 52.3 . ainic nach claon do chathaoir `lest your poet's chair be partial', Content. v 186 .

(e) c.¤ fri (chum, do) prone to, inclined to: atá ar gcolann claon ré déanamh an uilc = prona est ad malum, TSh. 2916 . an drong beirthear faoi stiúradh na plainéide so bíd . . . geala, claon chum beith fionnchrothacha, Corp. Astron. 70.8 . biaidh an bhliadhain sin claon chum síothchána, 3 . na peacaidhe is mó d'a bhfuilmíd claon, nó tugtha, Donlevy 270.24 . atá sí laig-bhrígheach ┐ claon chum uilc, 210.26 .

(f) In metrics, uneven; without accordance, imperfect : is airi didiu asberar clōinrē, fobīth is clōen ma doberthar um nī, ūair it troma a trī oldati a dóu, ar it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.21) . dunadh c.¤, amail ata . . . ar Muiri ┐ ar Martain (final line of a poem which began with `tangadar'. -tain does not adequately echo tan- therefore the conclusion is c.¤ or lochtach), IGT Met. Faults § 145 . áenghuthaighe is í fa dhó ... bidh cláen 'the same vowel occurring twice ... it will be incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 3 . See also cláenaid and comardad (c).

Adv. in fer fodrácaib co claen the man who has left it crooked, uneven (of a house), LU 8391 ( FB 26 ) (opp. to co diriuch). is amlaidh ata Stodiaca gu claen ┐ an speir lan mor go direach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 126.13 . an tṡlat iarainn ṡaighes go claon `which goeth ouerthwart', RSClára 125a .

II As subst. o, m.

(a) stoop, slope, slant, inclination : sleagh do chur 'na chroidhe, / claon do bheith 'na bhrághaid (of Our Lord), Ir. Syll. Poetry 36 § 17 . do filleadh call tar a chláon, IGT Decl. ex. 910 . is binne donál na bhfaol / ná gach claon chuireas tú id ghuth (to a snoring bed-fellow) every twist(?), Measgra D. 5.24 . for c.¤ slanting, inclined : is for clóen in pars ochtarach for laim clii `the upper part is inclined on the left hand', Thes. ii 254.19 (Stowe M.).

(b) iniquity, obliquity, deception, injustice; perversion, error : inda leu som nis roissed imned na erchrae dogrés a soinmigi a cloinaib `though they are wicked', Ml. 39c34 (cf. Pedersen, ZCP ii 379 ). ara tintarrad ō chlóen / tūatha Hérenn do bethu `from iniquity', Thes. ii 314.1 ( Hy. ii 18 ). tír . . . / inná ráiter gó ná cloen, LU 3742 ( SCC 34 ). etarscara fri cach claen `severance from every obliquity', Laws v 118.7 . dia scarad fri clóen fri col, Metr. Dinds. ii 14.72 . ar cech óen ro chí / a chlóen for bith ché `his wrongdoing', Murphy Lyrics 27.6 = a chin, ACL iii 232 § 6 . bī-siu do rēir Chrīst cen claon, 313 § 9 . dia mbat rī bit rīghcerdach / ní oirdni nach claen, 314 § 30 . bothan derrit diamarda / do dilgud gach claoin, Ériu i 138.3 . ní bhí claon na cheirt-bhreathaibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 9 . gan claon n-agra tar eolus `without partiality of argument in violation of fact', Content. viii 7 .

(c) Very common in names of metrical faults in the sense of any departure from the correct form: na lochta is coitc[h]eand teagaid in gach aisdi don dan .i. c.¤ comhardudh ┐ c.¤ uaitne ┐ ataid na claenreanda romhaind . . . ┐ c.¤ airmh[e] ┐ c.¤ airde ┐ c.¤ comhaimsearda ┐ c.¤ crichadh loc[h]tach ┐ dunadh loc[h]tach, IGT Met. Faults § 1 . trefhocul gan chlaen dona trí claenaib .i. c.¤ creiti .i. . . . c.¤ cuibdiusa . . . c.¤ ceille, O'Curry 1031 ( H 3.18, 433 ). Cf. cobfighe celli .i. co rob inunn ciall día nasneis o thosach co diaid in raind .i. na raib claen and, IT iii 30.7 . c.¤ áirme an irregularity in enumerating : c.¤ airmhi, amail ata . . . a tri no cuig no ceathair (because of the perversion of the natural order), IGT Met. Faults § 31 . c.¤ comardud a faulty internal rhyme: c.¤ comhardudh (leg. -daidh? Or claenchomhardadh? ed.), ann seo: Nocho n-oil agh ara orcur / re grain act ge cromthar ceann (i.e. the rhyme between agh and grain is faulty and it is the presence of the `i' in grain that makes it so), § 2 . c.¤ creitte error in the framework of the stanza: c.¤ creite i ndian oireng, amail ata: flaithe niamdha / daine sgiamda cland Conchobair. Lochtach sin, uair ní dleseadh focul beith edir sgiamdha ┐ Conc[h]obhor, § 39 . (On cláen creitte see Stud. Celt. ii 178 .) c.¤ cuibdiusa faulty end-rhyme: [trefhocul] can cloen cuibdiusa. Gabiam la seise soirche / Seotu sochraide soirthe / Ria ndul issin fargge / Gleam ar lessu re n-aidche. .i. soirthe ┐ aidche exemplum, Auraic. 5086 . c.¤ senchais error in historical fact: c.¤ seanc[h]ais, amail ata o Cuind no o Colla no o rRoigh no o Nell no o Duach do dhenaibh do righ d'fearaibh Muman ach duine beas gael riu. O Mogha no o hEmir no o Cais no o Bloid no o Tail do denaibh do dhuine do Leith Cuind acht do dhuine bheas gael riu, IGT Met. Faults § 98 . nir chan gó na c.¤ senchais (sic leg.) riam, MacCarthy 408.8 . c.¤ úaitne error in consonance: c.¤ uaitne, amail ata Bean do gebhadh ara gradh / geal a lamh leabhar a lem. C.¤ uaitne sin ┐ idir lam [leg. gradh] ┐ lem ata, ┐ edhudh claenas re n-ailm, ┐ i lem ata, IGT Met. Faults § 3 .

(d) With other qualifying genitives: airbert cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum / cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 . tuccus cath, gēr c[h]lāon cēille / do fhlaith Temhra a departure from good sense, Ériu ix 178 § 11 . ar fochal-cae, ar claen conair, Laws v 470.27 Comm. saor dhiongbhas claon na córa perversion of justice, DDána 48.28 . gan chláon n-irsi `pervert not my faith', Ériu ix 6.67 . níor áirmheas le claon sligheadh `in perverse method', Content. vi 140 .

(e) Of people, iniquitous, unjust person : oc ingrimmim inna cloen `the persecution of the wicked', Thes. ii 247.14 (Camb.). fri bás inna clóen `of the wicked', 320.1 (Hy. ii 59 ). ni aurfóemha dana na cloen `the gifts of the unjust', O'Dav. 1610 . a claín trúaig . . . ro scáig do gal, LU 8569 ( FB 43 ).

Compds. With nouns. i gcéibh na gclaonalt `curling hair', Aithd. D. 11.6 . bellum for Cloenath, AU an. 704 (see Ériu xiii 176 ). croidhe gan claon-bheart, ZCP v 208.117 (Midn. Court). Attrib. g s. gan cionnta claon-bhirt, 209.180 . in tan no beiredh claonbreith unjust judgement, Laws i 24.13 Comm. (opp. to breth ḟīr). imon cclaoinbhreith rucc Diarmait ar Colom Cille im liubar Findén, AFM i 192.z . breitheamh breabóideach . . . rug claoinbhreath, TSh. 6788 . ¤-chaingen: claenferta í ngaeldais aíndre / claenferta na claencaingne, BB 351b32 . ¤-chéimm: can ethar nā chlōenchēmim / cingid tar cech ler `without . . . a false step', Ériu iii 14 § 5 ('na chlóenchéimmim `in their perverse path', Murphy Lyrics 17.5 ). linfaid cloencheo cairechda / cech rind reil co rian ruided, SR 8095 . le claoinchealgaibh an aidhbhirseōra, Beatha S. F. 1962 . earrla na gclaoinchleacht waving tresses, Magauran 965 . ni ellastar cloenchleir, LU 1002 (ACC) (.i. . . . na cliara ni-dligtecha, `for indligthecha', edd.). ¤-choma unjust stipulation : cisdi coimeta celg . . . ┐ claenchomhad, MR 260.2 . Eoganachta . . . Áni Loch Léin Casel Cloendabair, LL 16124 . ¤-derc (2 derc): an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc, Keat. Poems 342 . i comarddus na Cloenfertai tuascertchi, LL 3876 . ataat na dí Chloenḟerta fri Ráith Granni aniar, 3877 . ro marbtha uili i Cloenglais, 28840 . Cuilen na cláenglaise, RC xviii 303.8 (Tig.). claonglonna in gille `wicked deeds', Metr. Dinds. iii 58.65 . Cloenloch. Unde nominatur. Cloen mac Iṅgair, LL 22459 . Cath Claenlocha, RC xvii 136.5 (Tig.). a chionnta ┐ a chláonmhianna, Párl. na mB. 3210 . ¤ míl hare (?) : tosessa lais clóenmíla Cernai, LU 6748 (BDD). geis dō clōenmīla Moighe Sainb do tophand 'it was taboo for him to hunt the hares (?) of Mag Sainb', BDC 106.30 . claennadmanna tolla, O'Curry 1069 ( H 3.18, 441 ). ōn chlaenrāith co Cenannas, Fing. R. 732 (? leg. Chlaen-). dul . . . do Cathair na claenratha bodes, Acall. 6387 . 1 -ré (see 1 ré) wicked life : ciambad lonnbrass digal Dé / fornn ba comadas friar cloenré, SR 3618 . (Cf. Lochlann ii 51 .) 2 -ré (see 3, 4, 5 ré) word or verse of five syllables (so called because it cannot be divided into two equal parts): it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.x) . claenre . . . is a dho ar indara leith ┐ a tri forin leth n-aili, Auraic. 1422 . clóenré dā inso sis: A rí oirdnide / uasail atamhra / bet suairc do comairli / cuairt cen balamna, IT iii 21 § 63 . See Lochlann ii 51 - 2 . ¤-recht (see 1 recht): concertfa c. for iathu Banba, SG 254.29 (rhet.). ¤-rind (see 1 rind) incorrect end-rhyme : c. i ndebide sgailti, amail ata Mor in sgel Don[n]- do dhul / i nErinn is a nAlbain / bedid mna Gaidheal c[h]adh is Gall / ga c[h]aineadh arna comraind. Ataid da c. ann sin .i. c. isin leathrand tosaich . . . edir dul ┐ Albain ata ┐ c. i[n] deridh edir Gall ┐ comraind ata . . ., IGT Met. Faults § 85 . c. i [n]debhi[dhe] imrind, amail ata . . . righ (g s.): Cuirín, fín (a s.): Cuilín, § 86 . rand idir c. ┐ drochgaidhilg Ata triar conchar ag Cund / Niall is Donnc[h]adh is Domnall (i.e. Cund: Domnall is a faulty rhyme but Domnull would be ungrammatical), § 140 . ataid na claenreanda romhaind, § 1 . ¤-ró (see 1 ró): noem in chotaig ni cloenró it was not an excess due to partiality(?), LL 25382 . claon-rosc, Keat. Poems 319 . ¤ṡirite: cidh don cláenṡíridi ṡiabardha mo ṡárugadh do dhenamh, TBC-LL¹ p. 251 n.3 . Cormac a clōen-Temraich sloping Tara, ZCP viii 264 § 22 . ó phór chaithreach claoinTé, DDána 121.32 . ¤tinn d s.?: tug a cainnt dá chlaointinn ghéir `let loose the bitter tongue of his iniquity', Ó Bruad. iii 212.18 . ¤úall (1 úall): cēim cen chlóenúaill ō Dīabul `without wicked pride', Ériu ii 64 § 7 .

With adjj. th'fholt cas claonbhuidhe, DDána 114.25 . Conall Cloentruag t'ainm festa `the wicked wretch', ZCP i 104.18 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. dfheólaibh . . . ccethnatmolt . . . cclaonadharcach, Hugh Roe² 284.15 . Conall Claenbhraigdech Cernach , Cóir Anm. 251 . egoir Calcuis corpthi claenbhreathaigh unjust in judgment, Stair Erc. 2041 . a Shabhdain colaigh, claenbreathaigh, ZCP vi 59.19 . daoine . . . malluighthe claoincheárrdach `having an evil way of life' (Gloss), Párl. na mB. 1835 . Creon claencholach perverse sinful C., TTebe 4655 . cosin cathraig claincolaig, 251 . ¤dairech of bending oak-trees: san adhbha chlaondairigh ós Bóinn bhraoinealaigh, DDána 109.18 . ó Éirne . . . challghloin chlaondoirigh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 74 § 9 . ar a ccorpuibh corpthe cláonmhíanacha having evil desires, Párl. na mB. 2579 . ar Īsa in ḟuilt c[h]laenrāthaigh, ZCP viii 563 §27 . ó chéimniughadh chealgach chlaonrúnach of evil intent, TSh. 8301 .

With verbs. do-s-claencoraigenn icin aclaid `who makes a false representation at the suit', Laws v 462.13 Comm. claonmharbhfaidh mé m'ainmhianta `I shall mortify', Donlevy 190.16 .

With vnn. claonchorrughadh beag suarach don aithrighe, Trompa na bhF. 2433 . ¤díbirciud: drochcostud . . . do chloīndībircthib la drochdaīni, Sc.M² § 17.4 . iomshlán na míorbhuilleadha . . . do chlao[i]ndhéanamh to counterfeit, Trompa na bhF. 2630 . go ndéin an tsúil amharc aindlightheach, ┐ an chluas claoin-éisteacht biassed hearing, TSh. 3039 . gach cosg ┐ claon-mharbhadh na colna `mortification', Donlevy 126.14 .

1 clam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 clam or dil.ie/9354

 

adj o, ā

I leprous, scurfy; of animals, mangy (on the Irish connotations see Ir. Hist. Stud. vi 186 - 8 ): i[n]dara huair dí ba c.¤ / ind uair aile ba gléglan (of the hand of Moses), SR 3819 . ité clama bodra `scabbed', Metr. Dinds. iv 304.12 . im cairid claim `a mangy sheep', Laws i 188.17 Comm. do-badus-[s]a c.¤, ┐ ro-m-slanaig Ísu, PH 2790 . mná deaghumhla . . . / fearumhla ináid fir cinn chloimh `sturdier than scurvy-headed men', Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 14 § 25 . capall clamh, TSh. 2558 . [duine] bhías clamh nó gearbach, Levit. xxi 20 .

II

(a) More freq. as subst. o, m. and ā, f. leper : c.¤ .i. occultus, ar doeim in gainem (leg. -ech) a chorp, O'Mulc. 198 . alali c.¤ dia tuititis a baild, Vita Br. 25 . an claimh do choemhclodh cuirpghloin, Blathm. 147 (in chlaim, ed.). in c.¤ gáde ailgis dí, Thes. ii 339.5 ( Hy. v 49 ). don ch.¤ , 43 (Comm.). dia tubert in ṁbréit don chlum, LL 370e23 . im dingbail mic . . . di claim, Laws i 124.y . mac claime, ni comail mathair ar nach ruilli aillsi uaithi son of a leprous woman, O'Dav. 1364 . boí debaid in tan sin dia claum fri Patraic, Trip.² 914 . hi richt claim, BColm. 102.30 . Lia in Chlaim (at Tailtiu), LL 27890 . linn muilind . . . na daine no-dos-fotraic inti . . . dogni clumu dib, Todd Nenn. 200.5 . d'innmad chos na c.¤ , LB 228 marg. sup. atchí . . . Ruadhan clomha ina dhiaigh. Ro ailsiot na cloimh almsain fair, BNnÉ 325 , 326 § 44 .

As epithet: Laignēn clamh, Corm. Y 180 .

(b) ? In pl. scurvy, mange : air a mbía . . . claimh no gearba = scurvy, Levit. xxii 22 (or leg. claimhe).

Compds. With adj. Conall Cernach t'ainm gusaníu, Conall gran[d]a clamtruath tu budesta, ZCP i 104.35 v.l. (cloentruag, text). With noun, see trusca(e) (` smallpox ', Ir. Hist. Stud. vi 183 ).

cródatu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cródatu or dil.ie/13065

 

n t, m. (cródae) cruelty, harshness : béssti olca doesmet fuili ar chródatu gl. malae bestiae, Wb. 31b21 . indfeuchrae ┐ incrodatu gl. feritatem, Ml. 42b2 . ba mor a crodatu (of Conall Cernach), ZCP i 102.z . ro scara Dia . . . a mbaraind, ┐ a crodataid ` cruelty ', Ir. Lit. 36.5 . ZCP xxx 154.36 .

crúaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crúaid or dil.ie/13191
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: crúadh, cruaidhe, crúaidh, cruadha, crúaidh, cruadha, cruaidhe

i

I As adj. hard(y), harsh; stern, strict: daingen no cruaidh gl. durus, Ir. Gl. 674 . bidh cruaidh cuiglidhe, Blathm. 237 . miach cruithnechta cruaid inbid hardened, ZCP xiv 355 § 13 . in moin cruaid, Laws i 132.4 Comm. crūaid a gal, Sc.M² 21 g . gabur . . . c.¤ , LU 8626 ( FB 47 ). gairid cāi crūaid den, Four Songs 8 § 2 . ticfait cruaidi casracha, SR 8039 . nae m-bliadhna cruaidhi coimsigh `strict', MacCarthy 418.w . fairrci cruaidh ` rough ', Leb. Gab.(i) 266.15 . crabaidh cruaid strict, BB 296b11 . bás cruaidh, PBocht 12.50 . na neithi remra ┐ na neithi cruaidi, O'Gr. Cat. 265.2 . aisgidh . . . ┐ í cruaidh, Aithd. D. 43.1 . fa cruaidh an tseanmhóir hard to understand, PBocht 11.21 . isin phrisun cruaidh, Smaointe B. Chr. 4736 . re hēudaighibh cruaidhe garbha, Beatha S. F. 1805 . cennaighe crūaidh, ZCP viii 208.20 . mochen daonna as cruaidh creidme, BNnÉ 280.19 . cruaidh fa rún, DDána 117.40 .

Transfd. meanings: gér' budh cruadh a chroidhe, RC xxix 112.16 . ar gcairde croidhe cruaidhe, Measgra D. 22.34 . Gramm. voiced (of sound, consonant): do-ní brígh connsuine bhuig don chonnsuine chrúaidh, IGT Introd. § 105 . connsuine crúaidh no bog, § 55 (15.24) . an tan bhogthar connsuine crúaidh, § 29 (10.25) . is caeli ┐ is cruaidhi inas inni eli (of sounds), Auraic. 1481 . In phr. is (attá) c.¤ do (for) it is hard for: fa cruaid d'E. eturra `E. was hard-pressed', Stair Erc. 2003 . ar pearsanna . . . do ghlacadh da madh cruaidh do `if he were obliged', Trans. RIA xv 87.w . atá cruaidh ortsa difficult for you to understand, Desid. 3635 . Of cream or curds, thick : for foesam duit na crothi cruadi cúl-budi, MacCongl.² 32.989​ .

Equat. cruaidhither ri crandlæm, TTebe 3364 . Compar. nís cruaidhi gl. durior, Ir. Gl. 1118 . crūaidhi indāt clocha a cridhi, Ériu iii 29 § 2 . gá cruaidhe ceisd ?, DDána 12.1 . Adv. cu cruaid, Lat. Lives 103.17 . neach dá mbí go cruaidh ad chionn `one who is bold against thee', Bard. P. 20 § 9 .

II As subst. crúadh f. g s. cruaidhe, IGT Decl. § 39 (91.13) . crúaidh m. g s. cruadha, § 41 . crúaidh f. g s. cruadha, cruaidhe, § 42 . tri meich . . . do cruaidh cruithnechta of (hard) dried wheat , Laws ii 200.30 Comm. fer ler robhog ar ccruaidhne `my hard (verse)', Bard. P. 30.10 . dia do chruaidh stubbornness (chev.), Aithd. D. 73.4 . do chomhshnoidh cruaidh a chridhe, DDána 20.44 .

Usu. in meaning steel (?): ? conid fri c.¤ n-aurdairc n-aister, LU 7415 ( BDD 100 ). frisna gaibed iarann na cruaidh do cruaidhiph na cruinne, CCath. 5247 . cruaidh shídh na ndealg ndoidhíolta `the steel in the peace made by the priceless nails', Aithd. D. 65.19 . crúaidh a gcindbeirte, IGT Decl. ex. 615 . crúadh a ṡleighi, ex. 1084 . a chrithear do chruaidh nimhe, Aithd. D. 46.23 . do dhearbhadh chrúaidh cheann choirrshleagh, O'R. Poems 2484 . cnedh ó chrúaidh gurm, IGT Decl. ex. 1129 . a dtuagh ghualann, a gcruaidh róghlan, O'Rah. 74.50 . Transfd. sreith mholta . . . do chruaidh chorcra ar gceirdeine, Aithd. D. 46.11 . Attrib. g s. sa mbró crúaidhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1156 . mír cruadha . . . ar gurt gabhaidh (of a warrior), AFM v 1602.6 . a mhír chruadha `thou piece of steel', O'Hara 2926 . a mhír cruadha dár fháomh Íle, SGS iv 144 § 31 . tinne cruadha (a chief), AFM v 1292.20 .

Compds. Frequ. in alliteration. With nouns: diar cobair ar cruadhag `hard battle', Gorm. 30 . cruaidh-bhéim trasgartha, MR 274.1 . is mi-cinelta cruadbeil (of horse), Celtica ii 42.136 . dā cruadh-buillib, ML² 1732 . tar crūadchaircib gered `hard rocks', MacCongl. 85.20 . tanic immach . . . ina chrúadchippi chatha, LL 32757 ( TTr. 1967 ). a cruadhchorpus Gaodhailgi, H 3.18, 157.13 . cruadhcosaige, ┐ haitt glun (disease of horses), Celtica ii 34.45 . fuasgail sinn as an g-cruadh-chás, Oss. iv 276.16 . fochicher achruadchasra, SR 8205 . ech . . . círdub crúaidchend (as adj.), LU 8665 ( FB 49 ). frifúrad . . . / . . . nacruadchorad, SR 5886 . luind cendach corr cruadeigme, Ériu vii 197.z . clann Chraith chrodha i gcruaidh-fheirg-bheirt `in deeds of fierce anger', Content. xxix 23 . Coire mac Cruadhgabann, Anecd. ii 55.18 . riacruadgail nacórad, SR 6911 . cernach caur cruaidgniad, Corp. Gen. 9.8 . corp crist . . . / forraolangair cruadhgubha `severe lamentation', Blathm. 66 . co cethra uvullmellaibh . . . cruaidhiarainn, CCath. 5268 . dronga ar nár cheisd cruadhlaoighe `hard poems', Ir. Review 1913, 595 § 9 . cait[h]chressa ic a cruaidhletradh, CCath. 6083 . cruaidrī, Corp. Gen. 9.16 . crúaidhrinn chaoilṡnáithaide, BS 10.12 . ? iar catha cruaidriss, Corp. Gen. 2.35 .

With adjj.: cruadhbhog caismirteach (of sound), Hackett² xxxiii 5 . fri cernu crúadchassa, LU 7424 ` stiffly-twisted(?)', BDD² Gloss . imdho cridhe cruaidhetaidh (: edaigh), Reeves Ad. 286 . cloidim cru[a]idgher curata, Aen. 1954 . cona cennaibh . . . cruaidrinnai[g]the hard-pointed, CCath. 5460 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: a cath Gabra cruadhairmigh, Acall. 4019 . ada cloitine cruaidhbeimnecha (sic leg.), RC xi 30.10 . i mbíd cruind-ḟer crúad-buillech `stern- smiting', Metr. Dinds. iii 226.20 . in bhuide Chonaill chruaid-chnedaig, SG 21.17 . resin cothucud . . . cruad craidech, Cog. 192.8 . in cunndais cruadcuisech `hard-spirited', ZCP vi 273.16 . ar na ccur chuige go crúadhchúiseach = hardly bestead, Isaiah viii 21 . cruadh-chūiseach in bhar ccreideamh tenacious, Mac Aingil 6311 . maic Sailt chláraig crúaid-íachtaig `hard-groaning', Metr. Dinds. iv 248.16 . talum . . . cruadlasrach, IT i 190.33 (FA). ná bithí . . . cruádmhuineulach, Deuteronomy x 16 .

With vbs. crúadh-cenglaidh an olann dábar n-aighthibh, Cóir Anm. 245 (388.14) . in chuirp ra chrúadchlaidbius which I mangled cruelly, TBC-LL² 3393 . co rachruad-chrithnaigseatar snaitheda saignen tened, TTebe 280 . ra crúaidgéraigit a claidib, LL 31920 . docrechtnaigheadh ┐ docruaidhghonadh, Ériu v 102.1 .

crúas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crúas or dil.ie/13200

 

Forms: -is, cruais

n (crúaid) m., IGT Decl. § 38 (87.17) . Abstr. Nouns § 61 . Earlier (?) with a d s. -is: cruais (: uais), Corp. Gen. 284.30 ( ZCP viii 218.19 ). fri cruais (: clúais), Imr. Brain 9 . Cf. corochrúais (: uais), SR 6022 . hardness, stiffness, rigour : Conall Cernach, crúas fo thuind `hard of thews', Metr. Dinds. iii 442.31 . cnes . . . gen chrūais (: ūais), ACL iii 308 § 33 . cruas ┐ tighi cuirp, Rosa Angl. 42.4 . cruas na cloichi, O'Gr. Cat. 271.2 . Transf. cruas secda . . . do pecadh, Grail 1446 . tan nosticed cith nó ch.¤ hardship, Metr. Dinds. ii 36.21 . ó ch.¤ do chaingne, IGT Decl. ex. 1373 . a hainm ní chuireabh i gcruas I shall make no difficulty about, Dánta Gr. 89.14 . d'fuasgladh an chruais do bhí air fán gcáisg perplexity , Mac Aingil 5970 . cruas ná docamhal na n-ealadhan = difficultas scientiarum, TSh. 2904 . ó do chóidh i gcruas, A. Ó Dálaigh viii 7 . a cc.¤ na riaghla, Beatha S. F. 2372 . in gach . . . throsgadh, ┐ ch.¤ oile, Rial. S.F. 552 . Gramm.: v fri buga ┐ a v fri cruas (of vowels), Auraic. 1073 .

Of personal qualities valour, bravery; brave deed : a chumachta a c.¤ (of Cú Chulainn), LU 4845 (TBC). at mathi . . . Fir Breg . . . im c.¤ , LU 4265 (TBC). M. ba muir ar crūais, ZCP viii 299.34 . a c.¤ a coicthi, a congala, Ériu iv 146.22 . ar fhéile ar chruas ar cheannas, O'Hara 3466 .

With dep. gen.: cruas comlaind, LL 29342 . co c.¤ chórad `champion's strength', Metr. Dinds. iv 102.30 . cruas craidhe, CCath. 2066 . atbath Corrcend co crúais chuirp `travail of body', Metr. Dinds. iv 96.53 . c.¤ mór miled, LL 14368 . Cf. imasoich crūas ciūil crōich `loud melody', Four Songs 10 § 8 .

In phr. do-gní c.¤ acts, fights bravely : da ndernta cruas, CCath. 2706 . cen chruas do dénum, SG 390.27 . In difft. sense: mac Dé nach déanann c.¤ `is not hard', Dán Dé xxxi 43 .

In pejorative sense: nithánicc . . . fer bud amru manipad do chrúass (said to St. Patrick) inflexibility , Trip.² 1370 . co condailbi cen nach crúais `without any harshness', Ériu iii 98 § 15 . na sliasta iarnaide . . . flaithius Roman sin ar cruass a thossaigh, ZCP xxx 100.42 . cruas cirt nō caolagarthaighe, Parrth. Anma 3180 . Ó Héodhusa 226.3 . C. nar char crūoss ` niggardliness ', Ériu xix 78 § 6 . cáithleach cruais ┐ lóchán lochta, TSh. 10091 .

1 cú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cú or dil.ie/13291
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: chon, coin, choin

n n, m., later also f. See GOI §§ 328 , 74 , 89 , 203 . With lenition of closely following wd. ( c.¤ ches, LU 8336 , cf. Cú Chulainn, passim), § 232 . For gender cf. g s. in chon , Mer. Uil.² 267 . n p. na coin , Anecd. i 9.21 (so also SCano 287 ). in choin , Bodl. Dinds. 32 . With masc. pron.: smacht ar choin gan eill ní heidir / a thoil féin dá léigir lais, Dán Dé xix 8 . c.¤ m. (and f., v.l.), IGT Decl. § 21 .

(a) dog, hound : c.¤ goirt elscothach, Lat. Lives § 64 (69.2) = avidus canis, Vita Br. 10 . do conaibh gortaibh, Blathm. 107 . co rāssa in cū, TBC-I¹ 539 . ba samalta ri gláim con allmaraig, MU² 611 . D. ┐ D. . . . dā choin M. Fothartaig, Fing. R. 59 . ri iarthair Laigen, ┐ a ben . . . ┐ a chu do marbad i n-aen uair, AU i 570.4 . cia ris fa fearr do crudh c.¤ who loved a hound better? AFM ii 898.20 . da folaib con ┐ catt ┐ druad (sc. noxious liquid for spearheads), MU² 732 . .iii. bliadna don gurt. trí saeguil in guirt don coin (dog's life-span), Lism. L. xli 7 . coin a tuil a leanmhain día sleghaibh (sic leg.) `their hounds asleep, fastened to their spears', Cóir Anm. 70 (322.15) . dá maer a chon masters of hounds (in enumeration of Finn's household), SG 93.14 . c.¤ bhus oirrdhearca n-iomráidh (in praise of Mag Uidhir's dog), DDána 112.1 . lēcad chon re fīed (an unprofitable act), MacCongl. 125.18 . fágbhaim fútha an ch.¤ sa cluithe `the hound and sport' (i.e. `the whole business', note 2), Ó Bruad. ii 196.4 . In name of plant: blas na gcaor gcon, Dánfhocail 74 (`dog-berry', Gloss.). In more general sense: a ndul a ndealbaib ceithri con . . . a ndeilb madaid, RC xxiv 174.6 .

(b) c.¤ (allaid) wolf : cu'allaid gl. lupus, Ir. Gl. 417 . isait coin altai in degboin, Vita Br. 27 . lúatha coin dod-repnadar, BDD² 1515 ` wolves ' ( BDD 166 ). os hé conrethed laa cona (of the child Cormac, carried off by a wolf), ZCP viii 311.1 . amal mucca eter conaib, LU 4442 . cúana mára cucu (na hoegaire) do chonaib alta, LL 36599 . atchīatt na conu cucu 'na rith, BColm. 54.3 ; fáolchonu, 5 . co[i]n allta, 12 . c.¤ allaid, CF² 1159 . na coin alta ┐ na sinnaig, O'D. 1686 ( H 5.15, 29 col. 2 ). nuall-ghul . . . amhail chona allta, TSh. 5857 . Name of plant: atriplex .i. cu allaid `orach' (Gloss.), ACL i 335 § 86 .

(c) With other defining wds: mo ch.¤ coiméta `guardian hound', Cóir Anm. 214 . coin fhodhairne .i. dobharchoin, no madaidh uisge, O'Cl. See fodorne. c.¤ lechtig, see ? lechtig. c.¤ lomna, Fraech 330 . c.¤ neimhe fierce hound (the smith's hound in Táin), Ir. Syll. Poetry 59 § 4 . ō mud na con tairisi .i. na con tighi `of faithful dogs (i.e. of domestic dogs'), BColm. 82.z - 84.1 . c.¤ ruadh .i. seannach ` fox ', P. O'C. c.¤ ruad Droma meic Dáir, SG 56.21 `wolf'. cū otraigh 'a yard (lit. dung-hill) dog', Celtica xxv 151 ​​. See 1 árach, 1 lorg, loman, and sodach.

(d) Fig. Usu. laudatory of persons, etc.: flaith in chon bic (i.e. Congalach, a king), ZCP xii 236 § 55.3 . c.¤ congbhála cáich `maintaining hound' (Conn), ML 86.5 . c.¤ fiadhaigh fhola hAdhaimh (of Mary's glory), Aithd. D. 87.2 . In unfavourable sense: I. h. Flannchada, cu na naemh ┐ na firen (`persecutor', note), AU i 570.7 - 10 .

Very frequ. in nn. pr. notably in name C.¤ Chulainn. See Contribb. 539 , Corp. Gen. Index 572 f. Mac Con, ZCP viii 312.9 . mo Ch. cháem chain (sc. C.¤ Chulainn), TBC-LL² 426 . in C.¤ Chulaind . . . no bíd ar Maig . . . Murthemne . . . Mássa C.¤ fil and, LU 9312 - 16 . eter Conall Cernach ┐ Coin Culaind, LU 8781 ( FB 58 ). C.¤ na Cerda `Hound of the Smith' (C.¤ Chulainn), TBC-LL² 434 . ó Choin cherda Conchobair, LU 3573 ( SCC 29 ). O Coin Allta `grandson of C.¤ Allaid', RC xviii 271.18 . Blatmhac mac conbreatan maic conngosa (in title), Blathm. p. 2 . do Coin-bretan . . . Cu-bretan mac C., RC xxiv 48.3 , 4 . C.¤ corb, Cóir Anm. 191 . C.¤ cen mháthair, 48 . Clann Con-Coingelt (genealogical heading), Corp. Gen. 292.24 . Cúduiligh (name of a coarb of Máedóc Ferna's), BNnÉ 287 § 274 . drai derg donnbuidhe / curaí ín rindmuighe, IT iii 94 § 144 . Cū Rūi, Bruchst. 26 § 58 . lecht Con-rúi i Sléib Mis, RC xxiii 306 § 10 . hi crolecht Caunrai (rhet.), ZCP viii 565.10 .

(Prov.) doringnis C.¤ ┐ Cethen dím .i. c.¤ thanic i tech Cormaic . . . co ro marb Cethen . . . ┐ co romarbad in c.¤ fochetóir, LL 161b marg. sup.

Metr.: c.¤ mara, fault to be avoided by poets, consists in lack of a second internal rhyme in second couplet. Named from the ex.: ni cainfidhear Cu Mara / da fagha bu du-bera, IGT Metr. Faults§ 9 . Exemption is given in some metres. da aisdi ina tabar sairsi do Choin mara no tri no .i. leith-dechnaidh . . . ┐ dian oireng ┐ deachnaidh breacht, § 75 . sairsi dhisi sa leithdeachnaidh, amail ata ni doigh Daire ag roind a tire / re cloinn Creidhe (the lack of an internal rhyme with Daire is permitted because of the shortness of the line). Ata comardudh re `roind' . . . gurab uime sin do-berar sairsi do Choin mhara isin aisde sin, § 76 . §§ 77-8 .

(e) In extended application creature, insect, parasite (us. with defining word): cú cnámha .i. snasán, O'Cl. ` vermin, louse ', Contribb. 540 . See cnám, loscann . c.¤ cherchailli .i. findoi facabar a fés na hóili, Harl. 5280, 41a , Contribb. 540 . moth, bed-bug (?), see c.¤ finda s.v. ca(u)nna. c.¤ ḟiaclach, see O'Curry 1886 - 7 (of person, the c.¤ glas) under (f) below.

(f) Legal. cu na tri ngnimh, O'D. 2449 ( Rawl. 506, f. 61 p. 1 col. 1 ) `a dog that can track and seize, and can defend against attack', Plummer MS notes. im choin for a mbi ottrach `hound of the dung hill' (watchdog), Laws i 126.8 .i. cu sechtair doiris, 144.7 Comm. na dobrana amhail na cona cennta, O'D. 1686 ( H 5.15, p. 29 col. 2 ). da cet do cach crudh aici (in briughadh leithech) cinmotha coin ┐ cata, Laws i 46.24 Comm. tri coin fogail fomnaither and three dogs are checked in trespass, iii 414.23 . caithe con `trespasses of hounds', iv 122.4 Comm. muilliud con `setting on a dog', iii 518.20 . ni cuirter coin congail[e] fair `no dogs are set fighting in his (the invalid's) presence', BCrólige 61 . aithne con do sedhguinecht, Laws v 190.18 . oin con fri tofund `the loan of a hound to hunt with', 278.5 . in cu confaid `mad dog', iii 272.20 Comm. in cu cedcintach (of liability in cases of dog's first bite), 522.16 Comm. `c. glas' (derogatory term BBCS xxiv 116 ) of person without legal status except through his wife, hence one whose children become in effect members of their mother's `fine', their father as an outsider having no `fine', stranger, castaway (?), see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 132 , 183 , 197 : cu-glas (.i. in ti amail coin imfaenledaigi gabar tar glas na fairgi, in murcurthe, na fuil ac tigerna airithe, 19 Comm. ), direnar side a inchaib a mna, ┐ is si iccas a cinta, Laws v 516.7 . cu glas (.i. deorud loingsig, Comm.) di-renar side a inch(a)uib a mna, etc. c.g. i.e. a proscribed foreigner (Thurn.), Ir. Recht 64 § 4 . ni aile maithre cuit i maccaib — acht mac con glais (.i. ín muircairthi, Comm.) no mac ambui, 31 § 33 . fiacail conglas . . . .i. in cu fiaclach gabair tar glas na fairge, O'Curry 1886 - 7 ( 23 Q 6, 22 aa ). Cf. Mac con glaisi, O'Dav. 418 `son of the gray wolf' (or of the female stranger or n. pr. f. ?).

Compds. oi-ba . . . coinba, echba, duineba murrain of dogs, ZCP iii 245.y . conbadh inna con, AU i 246.2 . conbóchail gl. Hylax, Thes. ii 47.25 . im conbuachaill (sic leg.) cacha cethra `watch-dog', Laws i 126.8 . rucus slān cinad conbuachalla, ZCP xv 331 § 22 (Caratnia) `das Vergehen des Hirtenhunds'. Fothad coincheann dog-headed , Corp. Gen. 103.14 . concro gl. decipula, Ir. Gl. 261 . hi con-chrú `amid the blood of dogs', Metr. Dinds. iii 392.z . Fear glas fri concuru, BB 369a18 , SG ii 496.31 `handling of hounds' = fri concairecht, Dinds. 35 . a coindobrain `his otters', Hy Maine 90.z . confæl conrechta .i. ben conrechta .i. inti risa cartanach dol asa eol a richtaib con amail atait i coinerca (Í Chon Erca, Ed.), BCrólige 32 and n. conoel (leg. conḟoel .i. ben tet a conrecht, O'Mulc. 269 . O'Curry 95 = fáelchú 'wolf' CMCS xliv 64 n. 105 ) ( H 3.18, 67 ). in cetramod plag .i. cinomi ┐ scinifi ┐ confiaclaca conda i cricaib . . . Egept biters (flies, midges ) = muscae ( Exodus viii 22 , 24), BB 240a46 . Cf. na cuili conda mus-luaiditis dar béolu ┐ tar gruaithe dóib, Celtica iv 24.326 - 7 . coinḟiadh (sinnach, v.l., notes) dá lí ar tí a hén fox , Acall. 846 . ? mar da chuala in cughaire / noco cluinfea in damgair, IT iii 89 § 112 . Murphy Metrics 60 § 85 (`hound-cry', Gloss.). ¤glecc, see coinglecc. co n-gabdáis cointéill ┐ echlusca duit `lash thee with dog-straps, etc. ', MacCongl. 107.1 . coneill (a s.) dog-leash , Acall. 3208 . de genere CorchuChonlúain, Thes. ii 265.9 ( Ardm. 11b ). ga chonmhaoraibh `gillies', Aithd. D. 20.5 . conmaor `intendant de chiens', Études Celt. xii 532 . a conmír gl. offam, Sg. 103b1 . Ir. Gl. 276 . ferr cara inā conmīr (prov.), ZCP vi 260.22 `a ham is better than a morsel for a dog' (?), RC xlv 88 § 5 . See s. 2 cara. conogam .i. archu, etc., Auraic. 5740 . tiagait iat i conrechtaib `in the form of wolves' (of Síl in Faelchon in Ossory), Todd Nenn. 204.2 , cf. ¤ḟáel supra. (in n. loc.) Glenn na conricht, Acall. 7716 . deisidh for a chon-righthibh hi fiadhnuse na heillte `on his (a wolf's) paws', BNnÉ 29 § 34 . tar a conumbur (sic leg.) `dog-trough', Laws ii 118.16 Comm.

See 1 cana, coinchenn, coinḟíad, 4 con, conchar.

cúlach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cúlach or dil.ie/13750

 

adj o, ā (cúl): gia mag and in c.¤ cernach ochrach `full of retreats', TBC-LL² 1056 . bruiden brec . . . is sí chulach chernach cethardoirsech, LL 34728 .

cumscugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cumscugud or dil.ie/13901

 

Forms: honch, isnacumscaigthiu, cennachc

u, m. vn. of con-oscaigi. act of moving, changing; change, motion, removal : honch. gl. admunitione, Ml. 31d4 . isnacumscaigthiu gl. momenta, 111a7 . cennachc. gl. permaneat, Wb. 10a19 . c.¤ . . . iustorum abás imbethith, 13d17 . inc.¤ mall, 25d26 . occa cumscuchad (of bees), Laws iv 176.20 .i. as gach leastar do leastar, x Comm. ceathracha dam dia cumscachadh carrying it, Sc.M² 23 . as cumsgugudh cairge (of Conall Cernach), TBC-LL¹ 5558 . amail . . . tisad dar cumscucud, Cog. 180.2 . gan clód gan cumscugad re cheli `without yielding or giving way on either side', MR 240.21 . la cúmscugud a chind, PH 1207 . cin cumsguda muige na criche, Laws ii 100.15 Comm. c.¤ conaich, CCath. 2270 . cumhsgughadh .i. gluasacht no athrughadh, O'Cl. cumhscudhu .i. atharrach, Ériu xiii 68 § 89 . nī bia c.¤ foraib (of Conaille), Corp. Gen. 154.27 . mina beth c.¤ fort esti (of expulsion from Paradise), MacCarthy 68.z . c.¤ acomairbertae biuth fri cechfoirbthetaid `the changing of their way of life to every perfection', Ml. 35c17 . na huili génnti do cúmscugud as in cómrorcain, PH 3464 . ind fit cetna . . . cin c.¤ `unchanged', Mon. Tall. 147.14 . bailte ceall gan cumhsccugadh inalienable, BNnÉ 283.z . an flaithius gan c.¤ `dominion without disturbance', RC xxviii 322.6 . Ēire . . . ag Conn . . . gan chumsgugad, ML² 2025 . seacht gclocha gan cumhsgughadh (of daughters of Humility), DDána 55.14 .

In special applications. Gramm. change, shift, mutation, transference : is dligthigiu a c.¤ quam afeidligud `mutation', Sg. 22b12 . c.¤ `e' in `u', 11a1 . lac.¤ coibedne `with the shifting of the conjugation', 146b15 . is c.¤ lesom cid a tormag, 162b3 . hic.¤ aiccend, 212b2 . ni fail ch.¤ ṅhuirdd and gl. nulla ordinis confusione, 215a2 . aicme m gan c.¤ , Auraic. 6049 . Of mental states: inna cumscaigthe in menman, Ml. 15a2 . c.¤ fercae Dæ `stirring', 27b15 . nech cetabi ó menmain . . . cumscugad `stirring of anger', Ériu vii 168.31 . c.¤ du diglæ dín són gl. ira . . . remota, Ml. 105d7 . comscuchud (conscuchud MS.) gl. metu, BCr. 33b14 . conna bí a chumscuduth `so that he cannot be roused', Ériu vii 172.27 . atconnarc cumscaigte móra léo `I saw them greatly disturbed', CCath. 4229 . Astron.: lac.¤ inna grene gl. conuersionibus solis, Ml. 118c12 . ata seachran mor for cumscugudh firmaiminti, CCath. 1009 . maille cumscaithi `slowness of motion', Ir. Astr. Tr. 16.4 . Cf. taiscelad for cumscaigthibh saignen `movements of lightnings', CCath. 940 . Of removal from office, etc.: nad chumgat comarbai do chumscuchud `are not capable of altering', Coibnes 9 . cumsgugadh Húi B. i cClúain muc Nois `deposing', CS 240.4 . la cumscugudh flaithiusa, CCath. 833 . E. ua N. do chumscuccadh as a flaitheas `was banished', AFM iv 994.6 .

See cumscnugad.

dán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dán or dil.ie/14559
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dáno, dánu, dánou, dána, dáin, dána, dánai, dána, dánta, dánae, dána, dán, dánai, ndán, dán, dánae

n u, m. g s. dáno, dánu, dánou, dána; mod. also dáin. n du. dá dána , LL 99 a 29 . n pl. dánai, dána (both in Wb); mod. also dánta. g pl. dánae, dána and once dán (supported by the metre) SR 7212 . —Dim. dánán ( ZCP x 370 ), q.v.

I A gift, bestowal, endowment, present , translating Lat. donum, donatio and glossed by ascid, tindnacol, tidlaic, bronntanas. dán do thabairt (do thindnacul, do dáil, do ḟodáil) do to bestow upon. Dán in sense I is not found in the Laws; the legal terms for gift are tidnacol, 2 aiscid.

(a) in a material sense. dán .i. tidhnacul, Stowe Gl. 311 . dán airgid .i. maoin no aisgid airgid a gift of silver O'Cl. P. O'C. alali caillech dobert dán ṁbec disi hi rusc who gave her a little present (of fruit) in a basket Lism. L. 326. 14 , cf. Todd Lect. v 75. 7 . na draid tancatar do adrad Críst co ndánaib examla, PH 7113 . nothictis mic Israel co ndánaib ┐ dliged ┐ idpartaib don eclais sin in choimdhed, LB 122 a 24 . dánai na hecailse gifts given to the Church, its goods : airchinnig bíte ós inchaib martra nannaeb for dánaib ┐ dechmadaib na hecailsi, FA § 25 .

(b) in a spiritual sense.

(α) a gift from man to God, a spiritual offering; often in connection with idpart or dependent on adopair: na trí dána édbras ind eclais do Chríst .i. óige ┐ aithrigi ┐ lánamnus dligthech, PH 7082 . cura edpram dó na dána logmara sa .i. deigimrád ┐ deigbriathra ┐ deiggnim, ib. 7115 . co nérnend na dána trédai iris frescisciu ┐ déircc do Dia, ib. 7093 .

(β) a divine gift to man from God or the Holy Ghost, a Christian virtue looked upon as an emanation from the Holy Ghost , usually plural dánai. donationes secundum gratiam differentes: is sain dán cáich, Wb. 5 d 5 , 7 . sechiphé dán tra doberthar do neuch bad fri cumtach necolso immabera, ib. 13 a 3 (the same thought is expressed Wb. 22 a 11 : in aedificationem corporis Christi (i.e. the Church): is hed dothéit de tre ilar na ndáne). gratia habundans propter multos: mrechtrad inna ndáne tindnagtar do chách, ib. 15 c 2 . nítat ildáni do oenfiur et ní oen dán do sochuidi, ib. 21 a 16 . na decad in dán doradad dó fessin acht dán á cheli, ib. 23 c 16 . acht rocretea deacht Críst bit less ind huili dáni et na huili timne, ib. 27 b 15 . ni riat na dánu diadi aran indeb domunde, ib. 28 c 2 . fortgellam Dia dana (: slána) De we declare by God God's gifts SR 3611 . dán buidech briathar dimbrass a grateful gift is speech without boasting Ériu ii 63 st 3 . i coṅdiulg cech dána rothídnaic Dia do sruthib fetarlaice is dermáir in tidnacul tuc indiú dona hapstalu PH 5450 . in spirut noem inṡorchaidius ┐ ḟoillsigius dána ┐ derritus inna ṅgním ṅdiada, ib. 8082 ; cf. in spirut noeb ...roinṡorched dána ┐ derritiusa na ndliged ndiada don eclais, FA § 1 LB (which seems to correspond to the passage `arfuirid derritussa ┐ fochraice écsamla nimi dona bennachtnachaib' in the LU version). rodánaigthe a dánaib Dé tria secht fáthaib fáthsine, ZCP iii 21. 42 . duine co ndán ndligthech ṅDé, MacCarthy 40. 17 . dánai in spirto nóib the gifts of the Holy Ghost: doadbadar sunt ata nili dána in spirto et as nóindæ in spirut, Wb. 12 a 11 ( 1 Corinth. xii 11 ; cf. PH 5491 infra ). tairchella híc huili dánu in spirito, ib. 12 b 33 . tre thindnacul inna ndánæ in spirito do chách, ib. 21 c 2 . isé in spirut noeb sin ḟódlas a dhána dilsi do chách, PH 5491 ( 1 Corinth. xii 11 ). dána examla in spiruta noíb do thidnocul don eclais, ib. 5571 . They are seven: uair is secht ṅdána airegda airmither don spirut noem, ib. 8028 . hí figuir .vii. ṅdana spiritus sancti, Thes. ii 254. 9 . secht ndána in spiratu naoiṁ, O'Don. Suppl. 615 ( = secht tidluice i. s. n., 23 Q 1, p. 24 b 6 ). Their names are wisdom, intellect, counsel, vigour, knowledge, piety and fear of God: ecna intliucht comarle nert fis gaire gúr omon Fiadat for bith ché secht ndána Dé dún ZCP v 499 (stanza 4) .

(γ) in a special sense, a natural endowment, faculty, ability or talent, ingenium . fear creanus ... dliged ... dia tallaind tidnaic Dia do .i. isé Dia dotidnaic na dána sin do, Laws v 20. 13 , 25 .

II Skill in applying the principles of a special science; science; skill applied to the material or subject-matter of art; artistic faculty, art; especially the poetic faculty; the art of poetry . It translates Lat. ars. Synonyms elada, elatha, 1 fis, sous, airchetal. proficiebam in iudaismo, gl. ropsa airchinnech isin dán sin I have been a leader in that science Wb. 18 c 15 . is ecen do neuch fosisedar dán inna grammatic cotinola inna huili doilbthi, Thes. ii 6. 13 b 1 . badar liubair cacha dana issinn aracal irraibe Colum Cille books of every science Fél. 198 n 2 . ni bói dán aile innte acht legend ┐ scribend nammá quia ars ibi exceptis scriptoribus nulla habebatur Lat. Lives 92. 14 . Lochru ┐ Lucat Mael ithé...roptar auctair in dána sin inna sæbfáthsine inventores doni illius (sc. the druidical art), ib. 2. 6 . ocht ṅdalta do æs in dána druidechta na farrad, TBC-LL¹ 1071 . bar sciam ┐ bar ndán (v.l. náni) la Fiachra, RC xxiv 194. 10 . tria dan ┐ fisidecht a athar, ib. vi 178 l. 132 (v.l. from YBL). dénaid bhar ndána (i.e. music and dance)... Adubradar na mná nách dignidis dán go feastais a dtuarustol, Ériu iv 178. 16 , 18 . is dom sous matchous: a ndorigénai (sc. Brigit) do maith .i. is dom dán .i. is dom filidecht, Thes. ii 337. 21 . bretheam ...co ndán duis dfilidecht aigi a brehon with the skill of a `dos' in poetry Laws v. 92. 2 . aes cach dána núi cen inandus (sic leg.) na nastib, LL 197 a 9 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 180. 168 ). mac ind ḟiled cosin dán let the poet's son take to poetry ib. 148 a 11 . filid oldam anroth clí cano doss mac már...morsesser dian dan the seven who practise poetry ZCP v 499 st 7 (the bárd áine does not: ní fil dán lais, IT iii 5. 11 , 24. 10 . ní tuiremar dán lais, ib. iii 28 ). is oendán tegait .i. bairdne, IT iii 24. 18 , cf. ib. 6. 10 . i n(d)airib dána (sic leg.) in oakwoods of poetry ib. iii 106. 10 . dligid dan dúscad dligid fis foillsigud (sic YBL) MR 94. 16 . Gilla Aengussa O Cluman ollam Condacht re dán, RC xviii 165. 9 . beanuimsi fós (says Marvan to the sgeulees) a hucht mu dhia bar ndán díbh uili gan énrand do dhénumb ó so amach acht aenduan namá I deprive you all of your poetic faculty Oss. v 102. 18 . Ecna mac na trí ṅdea ṅdána, RC xxvi 30 , 139 . áes dána people of art ZCP x 370 , After Rome 34 , esp. poets (cf. IV): is annsin doeirgheadar aos dána an rígh do ghabháil a nduan ┐ a ndán do chách, Atlantis iv 198. 15 . re haes dána dénta duán, Acall. 587 . dá tí dano aes dána sin crích...corop siat a duana saṁ ┐ a dréchta gabtair ar tús i nEmain, TBC-LL¹ 1154 . oes dana Uladh im Fercertne sin, ib. 5466 . filid ┐ aes dána ┐ aes glamtha gruaidi, ib. p. 441 n. 1 . aos dána in ríg co rinnib, O'Mulc. 830 d . Also áes dán: file bard dúanaire áos dán, Eg. Gl. 350 . Cf. SR 7212 . fer dána (cf. IV)

a poet ZCP x 370 . a chlaidib ríg...fogéba duit thḟer dána tigerna do diṅgbála RC xx 12. st 19 .

atbertatar a chliar risin fer ṅdána...massed bar in file, &c. , Bor. § 132. 3 . Cú Condacht ó Dálaigh in fer dána is ḟerr dobai, RC xviii 157. 24 .

In a figurative sense in the phrases dán ecnai, d.¤ forbai, d.¤ laechdacht: maith dán egna ferr dán forba doiligh dán laech[d]acht...mairg dianad dán laech[d]acht, ZCP vi 261. 30 ; cf. LL 346 a 40 . dán ecna dogní ríg do bhocht the art of wisdom makes a king of a pauper LL 346 a 35 .—PERS.: Dán mac Osmenta Poetry, son of Scrutiny RC xxvi 30. 130 .

III A poem, song, verse, rhyme . dán an ode, poem, lay, song or ditty; hymn. gen. dáin or dána, P. O'C. adrad maicc dé dán búada, Thes. ii 349. 7 . baudar amra [a] dana, Laws i 22 , 28 . i nduais filed....i. logh ar admolad uair ni dlegar dib dan do chennoch, ib. v 129. 1 . érned ar cach ṅdán as dír ┐ is dliged do reicc, LL 215 a 22 . cid i ndeochraigetar (sc. na baird)...i ndánaib ┐ grádaib ┐ anmandnuibb in poems, grades and names IT iii 5. 5 ; 24. 7 . na soerbaird cid nosdeochraigethar i ngradaib. ní hansa asa ṅdánaib forberat, ib. 6. 2 ; 24. 11 . Cid nosdeachraigetar ┐ nosæntaighedar ina ndánaib, ib. 24. 17 . do ghabháil a nduan ┐ a ndán do chách, Atlantis iv 198. 16 . dia seichmis cech dia do dán, ZCP vi 266 st 8 . dá mbeirthea dán lat, ib viii 109. 26 . is fírdliged deit dan mic rigfiled Ruirend, MacCarthy 132 iii a . dagaiste in dána, IT iii 106. 2 . is iat sin ardaiste in dána, ib. 27 . reacfad feasda dán re dia, 23 D 13 , p. 25. 1 . Further examples Exodus xv 2 . Deuteronomy xxxi 19 . 2 Samuel xxii 1 . 1 Kings iv 32 . Job xxxv 10 . dán do chumtach to compose a poem: conutaing duine dán, H 3.18, 53 b . conrotacht dan duib, TBC-LL¹ 1707 Y. dánta diaghachta psalms Donlevy 454. 17 . i ndán in verse : aithghiorra an teagaisg chríosduighe a ndán, ib. v 7 ; cf. lii 18 ; 487. 2 . dán dírech the name of a metrical system used by the Irish: asé dochúm na duanta senchasa so i ndán díreach, AFM v 2320. 5 . dán d., Rel. Celt. ii 297 . 34 . O'Molloy 144 .

IV An industrial pursuit of a skilled nature; a craft, trade, business, office, calling, profession . Sometimes hardly distinguishable from II. Glossed by tidnaiced, Laws v 14. 23 , 26 , ib. 90. 26 ; translating Lat. professio, Sg. 33 a 25 , ars Todd Lect. v 92 , Sg. 156 b 4 , and often used synonymously with cerdd ( Laws i 14. 25 ; Thes. ii 293. 15 ; RC xxvi 21 ff .) and eladu ( Laws v 98 pass.). is ionann dán ┐ ceard, Keat. 666 . dán .i. ceárd, P. O'C. —dán do aittreb to hold or possess a profession (Sg). dán do aurfognom ( RC xii 78. 13 ), d.¤ do frithgnom ( Ml. 37 b 12 ; RC xii 76. 2 ), d.¤ do dénom ( Wb. 27 d 10 , Laws pass. ) to practise a profession. dánae do chongbáil ( Laws v 104 ; RC xii 78 ) to keep up or practise several professions (only pl. dánae). dán do ḟoglaim to learn a profession ( Ml. 37 b 12 ; Laws). dúlchinne or lóg in dáno ( Laws pass. ; ACL iii 227. 29 ) the pay of the profession.

The various dánae were divided into prímdánae (dagdánae) and fodánae (drochdána); compare Laws and LL 215 a 20 : lucht cech dána eter prímdán ┐ ḟodán. The latter class included according to Laws v 108. 20ff . the aes ciúil ┐ oirfidid oilchena monaig ┐ araid ┐ luamain ┐ comail ┐ daime ┐ creccoire ┐ cleasamnaig ┐ fuirseóire ┐ brugedóire ┐ fodána olcheana...nísta saíre cena foleith. While the aes ciúil thus are graded with jugglers and buffoons, an exception is made for the harpers, the cruittiri: cruit isé aendán ciúil indsein dliges saíre, ib. 106. 27 . All who practise a profession are daernemed-persons with the exception of the filid ( Laws v 14 ff ), because they serve saernemed-persons and receive payment from them. `Every profession has its nemed' (cach dán a nemed) and `Every profession has its emoluments' (cach dán a duilgine) says the Alphabet of Cuigne mac Emoin ( ACL iii 226. 14 ; 227. 29 ). Highest among the aes dáno rank the saír `carpenters,' gobainn `smiths,' umaidi `braziers,' cerdda `gold-smiths,' legi `doctors,' breithemain `brehons,' and druid `druids' ( Laws v 90. 19 ). Other professionals mentioned in the Laws are the ailtiri (probably a subdivision of saír), cairemain `shoemakers, leathern-bottle makers,' círmairi `combers,' geibich `cloth-figurers,' iascairi `fishermen,' nascairi `chain-makers,' rindaigi `engravers,' tornóiri `turners,' tuathait `shield-coverers,' v. Laws v 106 ff . To these may be added from other texts the senchaidi `historians,' the grammarians, the chess-players, the lucht cumachtai `folk of might' (including the corrguinig, tuathaig `sorcerers,' ammaiti `wizards'), the araid `charioteers,' selgairi `hunters,' deogbairi `cupbearers,' &c., cf. RC xii 76 ff . 88 ff . But farmers of land exercise no dán; in the Tecosca Cormaic LL 375 c 20 dán is used in opposition to orbae 'inherited property'.

The Laws make a distinction between dánae inunna the various branches or subdivisions of one and the same profession, and dánae écsamlai different professions, as is evident from the following passages: cethri dána inunda aigi he has four parallel professions (viz. the building of sea-ships, barques, canoes and vessels), v 104. 7 . fer congeb trede .i. trí dána inanna aigi .i. durtech ┐ muilinn ┐ ibroracht, v 104. 21 . fer congeb dede .i. fer congbus dá dán examla .i. goibnecht ┐ cerdacht smithwork and goldwork v 104. 18 . fer congeb ceatharda .i. cethra dána éxamla .i. goibnecht ┐ cerdacht ailtirecht ┐ gebidecht smithwork and goldwork, carpentry and cloth-figuring ib. v 104. 30 . dia mbeth dána éxamla aice beith eneclann cacha dána dib, H 3.18 , p. 126 . O'D. Suppl.

Salutat uos Lucas medicus, gl. dicit híc ainm dáno dorigéni i tossug, Wb. 27 d 10 . alia a professionibus .i. hua ḟóisitnib inna ṅdáne frisgniat ┐ ataimet, Sg. 33 a 25 . ut mechannicus .i. arindí atreba in dán sin. ind ḟiss asberar michanicé , ib. 33 a 26 , 27 . grammaticus .i. airindí atreba in dán inna litredachte, ib. 33 a 28 . dual dán, Laws v 104 . artium vero nomina .i. dana .i. anmman araḟóimtar di danaib ut doctor de doctrina , Sg. 156 b 4 . quos multa peritia facit ab eiusdem artis consortibus eminere .i. sainred neulais leu isin dan frisgníat sech cách fodglein olchene, Ml. 37 b 12 . cechtar nathar fria saindan, bíth a menmasam fri seilgg mu menma céin im saincheirdd, Thes. ii 293. 14 . maith la cechtar nár a dán, ib. 294. 2 . isé a prímdán budein filidecht, Laws v 12. 17 . is saer cid cách creanus a suíre dia dán, iv 14. 28 . in cách...cendaigis saeiri dó dun dán bís aigi amail atá in gaba, v 14. 30 ; cf. ib. 20. 14 , 22 , 33 . is feardi in fear sin na dána sin do cindemain aigi that man is the better of those professions having fallen to his lot, v 20. 28 . cethri ba do ar gach ndán four cows for each profession, v 104. 8 . in dán is uaisli dib, ib. 104. 22 . dá prímdán do beith aigi i fotha .i. clochsairsi ┐ crannsairsi ┐ in dana dan as uaisli dib do beith aigi i fotha .i. damliag ┐ duirrtech, v 92. 2 f.b. fégad arna dánaib eile, v 94. 3 . in dúil chinntech doberar dontí aca ndéntar in dán .i. lóg in dána, v 266. 12 . seisid doben allógh gacha dána dib, ib. 94. 4 . Cf. sesid do asna dánaib eli, v 104. 25 . saer daer dagdána dáig fogniat ┐ fogníter free, unfree are the good arts, because they serve and are served, v 96. 10 , 13 . in oiret bes (sc. in dalta) ica ḟoglaim .i. ic dénum a dána dligthig (apparently = while he is learning his lawful profession, though dán do dénum usually means to exercise a profession), v 96. 24 . a étail dána uile...┐ cédtuilleam a dána the entire profits of his profession and the first earnings of his profession, v 96. 28 . dia congba dá dán díb if he unites (keeps up) two of these arts, v 106. 8 , 15 . ni ḟuil nach ní doib ara ndán nothing is due to them in right of their profession, v 106. 25 . ma feraind fuair ara dán hé, ib. iii 50. 3 . ara dhán no ara leginn no ara filidecht, ib. 50. 6 . mad étail brethemnasa no filidechta no nach dána olcena, iii 50. 4 . a dualgus a dána in right of his profession, v 108. 16 , 17 , 36 . nach dán asrubartamar dliges saire, v 108. 1 . gan a dán, 108. 2 , 7 . intí aca mbia aendán the person who has one profession, v 108. 13 . intí ca mbed dána ilarda, ib. 14 . ildána (n pl.), ib. 16 . damad hé dán dliged na fine if it was the lawful profession of the tribe, iii 50. 10 .

cipe dán ara corat[h]ar neuch láiṁ ised as dech dó foss occa, Mon. Tall. 159. 6 . cid hé mo dán though that be my craft FB § 92 , cf. Strachan ZCP iii 422 . ni hé mo dan dogrés atát dána lim chena, FB § 93 . a gillai forcitail (a mmo sruith) cia dán dognísiu, RC xxvi 20 § 54 , 22 § 70 . oc dénum a dána, H 3.17 , col. 175 . cia dan frisag[n]eie al sei ar ni teid nech cin dan i Temruig, RC xii 76. 2 (compare ní théiged [don fleid i.e. fleid Temrach]...duine cen dán, Ériu iv 124. 12 ). abair ... an fil les oeinfer codogabai ina danu sæ ule, ib. 78. 9 . na huili dano arufognot det muntir si atát les ule a oenor conedh fer cacha danai ule ei, ib. 78. 13 . bo suí cach dáno é, ib. 78. 24 . ruaicill Lug cach ar uair dib fria ndanoib, ib. 92. 13 . bid furside cech dán, ib. xxvi 36 § 185 . fer sotal im gáis im dán im thocad, Tec. Corm. § 32 . romeasc cách ar dan a chéle IT iii 187 § 7 (= MS. Mat. 511. 24 . BB 261 a 25 ). ro hordaigheadh cách díb fora dhan díleas, ib. ferr dán orbba a trade or profession is better than inheritance LL 345 c 20 . rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib, &c. TBC-LL¹ 997 . rocóraidhid iarum cách fo grádaib ┐ i ndanaib ┐ i ndligemnus, Ériu v 234. 9 . na hollumain ┐ anis deach fri cech ndán olchena, FDG 25 . an dán cétna dóib sund, BColm. 20. 23 . dober Colmán dó hi fus in dán cena cétna, ib. 74. 23 . Here also O'Mulc. 222 : cerd graece cires .i. manus unde cernach .i. buaidh lám dicitur. ar cach dán dogniat lámae is cerd dongairther .i. lámdae because every craft, exercised by the hands, is called `cerd.'

dán ciúil the profession of the `áes ciúil.' cruit isé aendán ciúil indsein dliges sairi, Laws v 106. 27 . aes dáno (pl. aesa dána, FB § 12 ) .i. in lucht aca mbí in dán, Laws v 98. 6 . The practisers of a profession, people of any trade or art (other than farmers of land) = aes cerdd, Laws iv 316. 25 , aes tidnaicthe, ib. v 14. 23 , 26 , aes eladan, v 90. 28 , though v 98. 11 a distinction is made between `aes dána' and áes borbeladan 'workers in unskilled professions'. Opp. aes trebtha, Cóir Anm. § 149 . tarrcomlad cach aes dána la hÉrind co tarfen cách a cheird fia[d] Patraic, Laws i 14. 25 . aithgabáil cach aes (sic) dána, ii 118. 21 . breithem bes tualaing fuigell frisind aes ndána, v 98. 1 . duilgine cach aesa dána adroilli duilgine, v 264. 15 . formna láth ngaili Ulad arcena ┐ a maccæm ┐ a næsa dána, FB § 12 (p. 258. 13) . rofáid C. filedu ┐ áes dána ┐ drúdi Ulad dia saigid... rotriall som dano in næs ndána do marbad, SCC § 48 . aragarud...oes danu Erionn, RC xii 84 § 85 . degníth lesin oes ndanou indsen, ib. § 86 . den oes dana, ib. § 124 . do ḟiledaib ┐ aes dána, TBC-LL¹ 2708 . aes cacha dáno, Laws v 14. 18 . rodeiligsid arís æs cacha dána fria aroili, IT iii 187 § 7 ( MS. Mat. 511. 26 ) aes cacha dáno olchenae 'any other professionals': daerneimead imorro aes gacha dána olchena, Laws v 14. 17 . daernemed tra saeir ┐ gobaind ┐ umaide ┐ cerda ┐ legi ┐ breithemain ┐ druid ┐ aes cacha dána olchena, ib. v 90. 21 (gl. .i. lucht cacho tidnaicthi uili cena ┐ na fodhán). iter eclais ┐ tuaith ┐ aos gacho dána olchena, ZCP viii 111. 21 . doescarṡluag ┐ oes dímain ┐ oes cecha dána olchena, LB 116 a 27 , cf. di daoscarsluag ┐ daos cecha dánæ olchenæ, RC xii 104. 2 . cóicedaig Érenn...┐ a rígu ┐ a toísig ┐ a nócthigernn ┐ a namsaid ┐ oes cacha dána gnáthaig ┐ ingnáthaig olchena FDG 158 . aes dánae, aes dán (pl.) = aes dáno; cf. dér as g pl. Fél. Epil. 400 . cen aes ṅdán, SR 7212 , cf. aos dán poets Eg. Gl. 350 . ceth ind táos dánae ol Máolrúin in gobui[n]d ind tsáoir ┐ reliqui , Mon. Tall. 135. 30 . For the use of the pl. compare the synonymous áes cerdd. fer dáno a member of the aes dáno, a professional man: mad fer dána, Laws iii 48. 18 ; in a spec. sense a poet, v. II. Idiomatically in asseverations: dar mo dán by my craft (profession): d. m. d. is luag noragad duid ar sin do dénum, Anecd. i 46. 6 . Cf. fo mo cheirdd, LU 75 b 30 ( TBC-I¹ 1685 ).

V A craftsman : cach dán dogní aicdi flatha nó ecalsa 'every craftsman who manufactures articles for a lord or a churchman', Críth G. 486 , Ériu lxvi 2 . cruit, is ē āendān cīuil ind sein dliges saīri 'a harpist, that is the only skilled musician who can claim independent status', CIH v 1616.31 , Ériu lxvi 2 . sāer dāer dagdāna 'good craftsmen are [at once] noble and base', CIH v 1613.22 , Ériu lxvi 2 . cis lir fodlai for soírneimthib? ... a cethair - ecnae, eclais, flaith, fili; it é doírnemid dánae olchenae 'how many divisions are there of noble privileged ones? ... four, ecclesiastical scholar, churchman, lord, poet; the remaining craftsmen are base privileged ones', Ériu xl 8 § 1 .

VI A profession as represented by its practisers collectively; the members of a trade as a body. cach dán dogní aicdi flatha no ecalsa all craftsmen who make the manufactures of a chief or a church Laws iv 332. 1 . dán cimbeda probably= captives, prisoners (if not corrupt for damna cimbeda, see damnae I (b)): gabtar na fir ┐ ná gontar iter dáig nimmó ná dán cimbeda rothoegat, TBC-LL¹ 5120 . That the sense is a concrete one and Windisch's translation wrong is proved by TBC-LL¹ 5122 : Conchobar gan a guin do gabáil ┐ dán cimbeda do dénam dona deich cét ar ḟichit cét bátar na ḟarrad.

VII An occupation, function, business; an allotted task . dán .i. obair, Lec. Gl. 446 , Stowe Gl. 59 , 330 . cumal .i. ben bís oc bleth brón ar isé dán na mban ṅdáer riasiu darónta na muilind for this was the business of bondwomen Corm. s.v. cumal ; Zeuss² 245 . trí dána dobertsat slóg na Galia fair úir do tarradh ┐ muighi a fedhaib ┐ scáileadh murgabla srotha Ligir three tasks the people of G. imposed upon him RC xv 434. 26 , where dán= obair, l. 29 below (┐ adaigestar obair naile do thabairt fair). tri dán tucsat for R., LL 196 a 36 . olc or sí do dan bith oc buadred na Hérenn LU 53 b 8 (Tuc. Ind. na nD.). trí eoin aregda isin chathair ...┐ a menma ina ndúlemain tria bithu issé sin a ndan FA § 7 . bid hé mo dán iter drungu démnu...beth icot mallachad sa, PH 8263 . Hardly in Mon. Tall. 133. 10 : asrubart M. nibu móo dan lais arrobúi isind tsaltir nuli; the translation given seems impossible.

VIII To give in payment; a payment (cf. dawn bwyd payments in kind in the Welsh Laws). dan .i. ic ut est co hiar nde mis rodantar frit no r[o]dana .i. cidh riut icar cidh tu icas, O'Dav. 693 . So in Alexander 382 : rotustuillset fo chísaib ┐ bés ┐ dán ┐ dliged dóib, if it is complete (the line ends with fo chísaib ┐; something might have been dropped at the beginning of the new line). It recalls the passage TBC-LL¹ 997 , containing dán in the sense of profession : rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib ┐ uaslecht ┐ cáinbésaib.

IX PHRASES.

(a) is dán do: bá dán dosom intan ba holc a menma noslocad indala súil conna roched corr inna cind it was his custom (?) SCC § 5 . ar is do is dán tidhnocol for to him `belongs to make presents (O'Don.) Leb. Cert. 192. 14 . gottí an tairrngeartaigh dar dhán sí asa hairmbertaibh diompádh who is allotted to Tadhg O'Huiginn (R.I.A. 23 L 17 , f. 576 § 12 )=dá mbed i ndán. Cf. VIII (b).

(b) i ndán (do) destined to, in store for; espec. destined by fate, fated, allotted ; phonetically i nán. Synon. i cinniud, i tairngiriu.—Only in connection with atá or dorala. The phrase does not appear in the Glosses, and the earliest instances collected here are taken from the YBL and the LB. Dán used independently in the sense fate, destiny , is not common in Irish, though this meaning is frequently given by modern lexicographers (dán .i. cineaṁain P. O'C. , cf. Coneys, O'R., Dinneen ). A late instance is quoted VIII (a). It occurs, however, in spoken Gaelic: is duilich cur an aghaidh dàin to oppose fate is difficult ( Macd. Gael. Dict. i 310 a ); but as a rule in Gaelic also it depends on i n- (ma tha e 'n dàn dhoṁ a bhi beò). robai i ndán ┐ i tairngire in aided úd diar mbreith doréir faistine in druad was fated and foretold RC xxiv 280 § 19 (YBL). aspert in sruith [fri]usuṁ imthecht uair ní hannsut boi i ndan [do]ibh eserghi, ib. xiv 58 § 72 (Book of Fermoy; v.l. nách ann rocinnedh doib a neiséirge). mata a ndán duit, ib. xxiii 420. 28 (YBL; compare l. 24 : do bi i tairngiri dam). ma rocollit riam a gessi rocollit innocht .i. boi a ndán a coll for their breaking was fated MacCongl. 15. 13 (LB). na nethe aurdhalta bis a cinded ┐ a ndan doib, Fen. 38. 17 . ag déunaṁ réiṁḟiadhnuise airna neithib dobhí a ndán do Chríosd dḟulang, RC vii 359. 10 ( 1 Peter 11 ). noco tí an ridiri da fuil a ndán an pócc do thabairt, ZCP ii 24. 28 . ca fis nach da cloidhem féin atá a ndán a marbadh ib. vi 103. 7 ; 'who knows that it is not his own sword that is destined to kill him' x 371 . cip hé for talmain...dia da (leg. dia d[t]a) i nndán a fúaslocod (sc. inna cest), ib. iv 234.1 f.b. , RC xxxvii 18 . a beith i ndán dam bás dagbáil in lá dá gebthasu bás, Cog. 172. 8 . ní fhuil a ndán do bás dḟaghail nó go mbuailtear trí buillidhe don luirgḟearrsaid atá aige air, Oss. iii 120. 6 . fothrugadh luaidhe ar do chind sa óir dobhi a n[d]an do thiachtain annso, Ériu iii 164. 3 f.b. dobhaoi a ndán...tocht do ṡluaigh go hiathṁaigh (sic leg.) nAdhair, Hugh Roe 198. 17 . gach ainiarsma da mbí i ndán dó féin ó thosach a gheineaṁna go síorraidhe tre ṡaoghal na saoghal, TSh. 72. 18 . Further instances Acall. 6876 . Miscell. Celt. Soc. 150. 23 . SG 65. 45 ; 234. 5 . RC xiii 222. 39 . Aen. 84 , 93 . Gadelica ii 93 . 8. OCL 6 . BS § 76. 2 .—The following examples do not involve the sense of fate or destiny: na cóicedaig archena do ṡuidiugad amail robuí a ndán do chách, FDG 203 . do Luaighni atá i ndán in tres, Fianaig. 68. 11 . dobhraith cách uili den láiṁ (leg. d'ēnláimh) go bfuil caphair a ndán dí, Ériu vi 128. 6 f.b. , ZCP x 371 tárla a ndán di teagṁáil aran gcuid don ṁachaire noch fa le Boas it was her hap Ruth ii 3 .

(c) beith doendán i cenn oppose together, be on the same side against; the same as beith doenláim i cenn, as is evident from the passage LB 140 a 15 : co ndernsat caratrad do beth doeṅdán i cend Aristobuil...o rabtar oentadaig dénlaim i cend A. &c. Developed from sense IV.

MOD. dán (Connaught also nán, nnán, abstracted from i ndán), gen. dáin (dána obs.), n pl. dáin and dánta, d pl. usually dánaibh, a song. fear dáin a poet : is mór an fear dáin docheapadh é (Kerry). i ndán (with tá) fated, in store ; also able to: níl tú i ndán anacht id ṡuidhe ( Finck ii 99. 6 ); cf. Acall. 2396 : ní raibhi a ndán dúinne a marbad we could not kill it (sc. the monster). In the sense of I-II, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII (a) and (c), dán is now obsolete, and in the sense of III words like amrán, dúan, laíd are now more usual.

Compd.: ós cech dándíne drong trén 'over every gifted host of strong bands', SR (Greene) 6703 .

dénum

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dénum or dil.ie/15474
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dénom, dénam, déinem, dénaim, déinim, denum, dénom, dénma, déineamh, déinimh, dénaim, dénamh, dénamh, rodēnma, denma

u, m. vn. of do-gní. O. Ir. also dénom, Mid. Ir. dénam, déinem, m., dénaim, déinim, f.: n s. denum, Wb. 13a21 . Ml. 2d11 . dénom, 71b2 . Wb. 12a9 . g s. dénma, 12b21 . Ml. 19a10 . déineamh m., IGT Decl. § 101 . déinimh f., § 150 . dénaim f., § 10 . dénamh m., § 100 . Verbs § 1 .

I As vn. of do-gní in all its senses.

(a) act of doing; performing, executing, committing, perpetrating: dénamh gl. procuratio, Ir. Gl. 899 . denum maith ┐ imgabail uilc do denum, Ml. 14c12 . denma tuile Dǽ, 47c13 . mo chomairle do d.¤ , Wb. 10b25 . fri denam na fert, SR 694 . inna dualchi do denum, Ml. 18c6 . oc denum in pectho, Tur. 102 . drúis do d.¤ , PH 7450 . oes denma uilc evil-doers , MR 12 .

(b) Esp. with verbal abstr. or abstr. noun implying activity of some kind, feeling, etc.: ci adcobrinn móidim do d.¤ to boast , Wb. 17d17 . ní cumcat aithirgi ndo denum to repent , Ml. 23a5 . aine ┐ abstanait do denum, PH 4955 . cen bréca do denum not to tell lies, 8133 . íar ṅdenum chomairle doib after they had taken counsel, 3234 . comairci . . . do denum to protect , MR 162 . debaid do denam to fight , FB § 33 . marcachus do denum to ride , PH 4456 .

(c) act of making, creating, etc.: suánemuin do d.¤ to make ropes, Wb. 24d14 . do denum idal, Ml. 130a5 . du denum chlainde to beget offspring, 135b6 . fer dénma bairgine a maker of bread, Sg. 184b3 . tar hési denmo ind libuir, 2a7 . tuccait a dénma the cause of its composition, Thes. ii 298.27 . feiss Temruch do denam, IT i 118 . aiffrind . . . do d.¤ , PH 7407 .

(d) making out, proving: mása teach gadaighe is a dénamh air if it is a thief's house it has to be proved against him, O'Don. Suppl. doberar do Socht denum cor'bo leis in claideb S. is allowed to prove, IT iii 201 . (Of an absconding slave) mas amlaid frith ┐ a cul ri tech . . . is a denam conad ac elod ro bui it must be proved (it is a proof?), Laws v 338.11 . do denum na morgaiti no da seana, O'Curry 286 (H. 3,18, 158).

(e) Corresp. to do-gní . . . di (pers. and impers.) making . . . of, rendering: ainm do denom de to make a noun of it, treat it as a noun, Sg. 26b5 . aís lobor do d.¤ diibsi that you should be treated as feeble folk, Wb. 17b29 . ingen íar ndénam mná dí, Triads 233 .

(f) Intrans. of motion, going, making towards (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 318-21 ): déinimh duid i mbeirn bhaoghail, TD 10.29 . geall Banbha id dháil ag déanamh, 31 . acc dénamh don luing . . . ar Á., AFM v 1582.10 . Note also: déanamh seice avoiding it, DDána 10.41 . déanamh thart to neglect thee, 32.17 .

II As subst.

(a) form, make, build: buaid delba, buaid ṅdenma, TBC-LL¹ 661 . ba ferrdha denam an laich, CCath. 2932 . claochluidhidh dath ┐ déanamh na hanma, TSh. 1336 . g s. as adj. shapely, beautiful: cromsciathigel . . . co tri radhaib rodēnma , TBC-I¹ 2339 . vii muilt denma , IT i 311.30 (but see Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 64 ).

(b) behaviour, treatment: ba machtnad leosum an denam baoi for leith for Aban aige, ┐ gin aithne aige fair, BNnÉ 7.23 .

(c) interpretation (of a name), definition: doni dream denam aile | ar Charn Fraich, Metr. Dinds. iii 362 . Cu Culaind .i. dia ro marb coin Culaind . . . no dino is o Cuilinn Murtemni ro hainmnighed . . . acht is ferr in cet-denum, BB 250a46 . Conall Cernach .i. C. buadach . . . is ed sin a firdenam, Lec. 422a33 . dobeurur denum annso ar an anum (= definitur rationalis anima), 24 B 3, 115.6 . dobeir Sanct Augustin in denum so air defines it thus, 16 .

(d) section of a treatise: na briatra cuirter annsa denam so, 3 C 19, 276 rb11 . do cuired in focal so re naburar crisis . . . annsa denam ar tus, 28 .

derg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. derg or dil.ie/15626
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: derc, derg, deirg, derg, d.

adj o, ā.

(a) Of colour, red, ruddy (used of colour of blood, flame; also of orange or tawny hue as of ale, gold, etc.): d.¤ gl. luteus, Sg. 49a3 , gl. lutea, 7 . derc gl. rufus, 37a5 . flann gach nd.¤ , ZCP ix 167.z . tene d.¤ , SR 8294 . dobiur lim cóer ndeirg do ibur, Ériu iv 134.4 . folt d.¤ lais, LB 181a11 . fil lenid ndeirg . . . immi, TBC-I¹ 61 . braena fola derge, Todd Nenn. 206.7 . suile derga eyes red with weeping, PH 584 . Cf. A. Ó Dálaigh viii 10 : bríogh a guidhe 's a déar ndearg `her blood-red tears' (= ardent ). Of animals: ech d.¤ , LU 8630 ( FB 47 ). hirricht bó deirgi, Ériu iii 141.2 . guth gadhair dheirg, Duan. F. i 83.28 . mor ndamh ndearg (of stags), ib. mucca derga, Metr. Dinds. iii 150.14 . Of liquors: lind d.¤ .i. flaith d.¤ red ale, Thes. ii 337 ( Hy. v 38Comm.). um chomhól ndeoch ndearg, TD 20.55 . Cf. derglaith. Of gold: di or d.¤ , SR 529 . dind ór d.¤ , 4150 . d'ór dhearg, TD 17.36 . Of earth or clay turned up, dug up: reilge derga (portent of the end of the world), ZCP viii 196 § 18 . do-chífe dearg druim tar ais | . . . | gach leath dot ghormfhaithche ghloin, | ó chomhghraifne each, Studies 1922, 411 § 11 . Cf. don taobh thiar thuaidh d'Eirinn dheirg, Atlantis iv 122.z . do cherdaib in domnáin deirg `the vile rude world's estates', SG 51.y . Hence of persons, of ruddy complexion or red-haired: oclach . . . d.¤ = iuvenis rubicundus, PH 7030 . ben d.¤ cona dib braaib dercaib, IT ii2 242.17 . red ghnúis ndeirg, TD 3.19 . Equative: deirgither losa liac, TTebe 479 . dergithir re corcair, Acall. 6636 v.l. brecdergithir síon spotted with crimson like a foxglove, BDD § 97 . Compar. nir bo dírga grís inna ind aiged (sic leg.), IT iii 298 § 34 (Cóir Anm.). As subst.: scripthar int psailm tria dub ┐ in tituil tria derg in red (ink or pigment), Hib. Min. 244 . derg g s. deirg, d s. derg, IGT Decl. § 15 . dearg a grúaidh the red of his cheek, ex. 1240 .

(b) Transf. red with blood; bloody, sanguinary: imatuarcat doib combo d.¤ cach dib di arailiu till each was red with the other's blood, YBL 118b17 . fuidel fir deircc di duinib of one red with (the blood of) men, Ériu vii 150 § 17 . atre in rí . . . cona chroich deirg . . . fria aiss, SR 8269 . red-handed (i.e. a shedder of blood): náma ┐ esgcara láime deirge do, SG 268.33 . atú mar láimh ndeirg ag Dia God looks upon me as His foe, Dán Dé ii 30 . claidebderg red-sworded , Metr. Dinds. iii 340.38 . Of a criminal: dul dá guin eisi (i.e. asin chill) no taidhecht d.¤ indti red-handed , O'Curry 985 ( H 3.18 424b ). Hence of meat bleeding, raw, fleshy (as oppd. to fat): d.¤ cach n-om, Laws v 432.2 Comm. dergcarna ┐ saill, ii 202.19 . da mer dia d.¤ `two fingers in the lean of it', 254.11 .

(c) red-hot, incandescent: iarnn d.¤ = candens ferrum, Lat. Lives 96.1 . cloch d.¤ a ndabhaigh fhuair, 3 C 12, 6.13 . lecca derca fo chossaib (of hell), RC iv 252 . co slabradu derga . . . tentigi, PH 8309 .

(d) In fig. sense, full-blooded, flushed with pride, overbearing (?): fri dīmmus nd.¤ ndocht (one of the capital sins), ZCP vi 271.11 . derg . . . cach n-indligthech, Laws i 54.2 Comm. , v 432.2 Comm.

As subst. o . d.¤ , m., IGT Decl. § 15 . don d.¤ redness , ex. 701 . gan crecht . . . gan d.¤ wound , TBC-LL¹ p. 387 n. 5 . math glas nō d.¤ 'if it be a bruise or an abrasion' Cáin Ad. 28 § 44 , Ériu lii 127 (Di Ércib Fola) . In phr. derg dásachtach a blood vessel located in the head: bídh a fis agad co fuil inadh (sic) ann nach dlegar do crechad mar atáit .. dergdásachtach ocus ruadhrasach ocus gach uile a mbí gluasacht ocus bualad in pulsa know that there are places which may not be cauterised such as the derg dásachtach and the rúad rasach and everywhere in which there is movement and a beating pulse​, O'Gr. Cat. 269.11 . derg dasachtach ┐ rúadh fhrasach, Ériu lxiv 6 n. 22 ( G11 289b28 ). cidh fodera duine do thērnamh ōn derg dāsachtaigh dā letarthar eidir ūainibh an cinn, et duine ele gan tērnamh? 'why does one person recover from the derg dásachtach if it [he?] is wounded between the sutures of the head, while another person does not recover?', Ériu lxiv 7 ( 72.1.2 fo. 59v7 ). in derg dāsachtach, Ériu lxiv 10 ( 72.1.2 fo. 62v14 ). muna baca an derg dāsachtach no cuislí ele 'if the derg dásachtach or another vein does not prevent it', Ériu lxiv 11 ( E 4.1 120b28 )​​​​.

pn In names: na trí Deirg do thig Deirg, BDD² 296 . in Derg Drúchtach, name of Colum Cille's curach , Reeves Ad. 274.13 . forsin Deirg Drúchtaig `the Dewy Red' (of Conall Cernach 's horse), RC iii 183.30 . dofeccai secha a gabuir .i. in Deirg ṅdruchtaig, 184.30 .

Compds.

(a) Of colour, in sense (a) above. With adjs. ¤aigthech red-faced : ba derrscaithec (deargaighteach, v.l.) a delb, Cóir Anm.² i 95 § 72 . ¤buide reddish yellow: taraill a lám leiss in gipni ndergbudi, TBC-I¹ 1879 . ¤chorcra crimson: dí gáe d., Ériu iv 102 § 43 . ¤domal dark red: alaile dath cruanda ┐ alaile dergdomla, ZCP xxx 124.3 . ¤lethan broad and red: claideb . . . d.¤ , TBC-I¹ 2341 . ¤ruad: dairedha dergruadha do slegaib ` rud-red ', CCath. 5345 . dragún dearg-ruadh, TSh. 7856 . With adjs. derived from subst.: ¤dathach red-hued: Lomna druth d., LL 48b18 . ¤órda: drochte . . . dergórdai, SR 476 . cosna delbaib dergórdaib, 4360 .

With subst.: ¤ainech red-face (as sobriquet): Maeldúin d., Rawl. 144g42 . ¤chodal red (i.e. tanned) hide: curach nua co ndergchodail, RC x 84.5 . ¤derc: scéo mnáib dergdercaib with eyes red (from weeping), ZCP iii 256.15 . ¤ibar red yew: cét ndabach ṅdergibair, LL 51a22 . ¤lasad: luinech . . . 'na láim ar derglassad glittering like a red flame, LL 120a44 . a dhá shúil ar d. ina chenn, SG 295.14 . ¤lasair red flame: g s. doigh derglasrach, ZCP viii 212 § 60 . ¤loscad: ag dearg-losgadh, TSh. 6627 . ¤ór (see Études Celt. iv 314 ) purified gold (by a de-silvering process) ZCP xxxviii 246-47 n. 13 , Medieval Archaeology xlviii 37 : rond derc-óir, LU 3273 ( SCC § 7 ). ¤rót: a threabh . . . na ndearg-ród red clay roads , Ir. Monthly 1919, 456 § 8 ( DDána 97 ). ¤scé red hawthorn: imar cráibred ndergscíach, TBC-I¹ 1953 = ṅdercscíath, TBC-LL¹ 2617 . ¤theine: i carput dergthened, SR 7136 . ¤thes: d. fola, Ériu ii 102 § 12 . ¤uma red bronze, copper: scieth . . . co mbocoidibh derccuma, TBC-LL¹ 5477 .

(b) In sense (b) above. ¤ár bloody slaughter , SR 5648 . LL 375b27 . ¤béim a blow that draws blood, Laws iv 364.22 ; 'a blow that inflicts bruising or swelling or loss of skin' Ériu lii 125 (Di Ércib Fola) . ¤ḟine family group that has been guilty of `fingal', O'Don. Suppl. derggfine issede cruess, Laws iv 284.10 . deirgfine .i. indiḟíní fíngalach, 286.10 Comm. ? ¤ḟochor: dergfochuru do tuit i ndilsi, O'Curry 881 ( H 3.18 394b ). ¤martra red martyrdom (involving death): dercmartre, Thes. ii 246.31 (Cambr. Hom.). irlam fri dergmartrai, ZCP iii 29 § 9 . Bloody death, slaughter (in general): ilar nderggmartra dogni (of Cú Chulaind), ZCP ix 122.y . derccmartra ┐ dortadh fola, AFM vi 2178.5 . ¤ruathar a bloody onset: dergruathur, TBC-LL¹ 4344 .

(c) As a mere intensive. ¤lomnocht stark naked , TBC-LL¹ 4253 . TSh. 3674 . ¤maith, LL 128b34 . ¤náma a bitter foe: iar ṁbádud a ndergnámat, SR 4036 . do dergnamait, 6368 . amail dergnamait, CCath. 5164 . ¤náimdenas fierce enmity: dobudh créachta gan dúnadh a ndeargnaimhdeanas, ML 30.2 . ¤thruag: rotoccbadh an cenn . . . ina scath dhearccthruagh do Ghaoidhealaibh `a spectacle of intense pity', AFM 1172 (iii 4.6) .

Cf. further: dergfilliud erred náir, LU 9290 and : dergindledhaidh errid nair, BB 248a16 (both names of one of Cú Chulaind's feats). ¤mír `red morsel'. Apparently technical name for property illegally acquired. See Laws v 430 - 4 . amail deirgmir, 434.10 Comm. cach manach . . . dosli disli do eclais a aicsi lee samlaid manup dergmir, O'Curry 871 ( H 3.18 , 391b ). deirgmireanda, Laws v 430.22 ( .i. mirenda omha indligthecha, 432.1 Comm. ).

dorb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dorb or dil.ie/18281

 

Forms: doirb

n [ā, f.?] doirb f., IGT Decl. § 14 . small insect or worm (esp. one that lives in water, opp. to cruim earth-worm): nimragba naithir dichuind na d.¤ dichur, IT iii 53.20 . conosib digh . . . ┐ co tarrla in duirb ina broinn, RC xv 464 ( Dinds. 66 ). batar dá dhuirb isin uisci . . . ibid [in ben] duirb cacha dighe . . . conad dona duirbaib rotoirrchidhthea in ben, vi 175.49 . roshluig duirb laisin digh ┐ bai in duirb sin a laimh in maic, Cóir Anm. 251 . íba dhigh do duirbh, SG 80.2 . doberar dias eórna . . . i crécht . . . ┐ duirp i crécht aile, LL 329a24 ( SG ii 493.3 ). in duirb mét lochad, 43 . d.¤ dūrglass, Misc. Hib. 20.2 . fursaind duind . . . dus in fil mila isin usci . . . conacadar in dí doirb and, BB 259b46 . hi n-delbaib mil n-uiscci .i. hi richt da dorbui, IT iii 241.2 . G. ┐ D. iad diamdar [di?] duirb their names were G. and D. when they were worms, Dinds. 66 ( RC xv 464 ). dercaid nad decsenach doirb annir imnair .i. in tan fegthar in doirb is i n-ichtur ind usci thed, LU 10255 (cf. ZCP iii 234 § 18 ). Conall Cernach .i. . . . cern doroindi in darb dael no in doirb dobai ina laim aca breith, Lec. 442a30 . doirbh bheo [do chur] i gcréacht, Keat. ii 4566 . tuille dom shniomh mo choirthe gan choimse | an duirb is daoire d'fhiabhrasaibh the (gnawing) worm (of conscience), Ó Bruad. ii 168 . ? As n.pr. Doirb a quo Mag nDoirb, Dinds. 110 ( RC xvi 61 ).

drúchtach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. drúchtach or dil.ie/18845

 

adj o,ā (drúcht) dewy, dripping (with moisture or blood): fogmar trom-d.¤ torthech, Tec. Corm. § 36.5 . fót d.¤ dondscathach, ACL iii 238 § 5 . bhá chlár mBanbha mbraondh.¤ , 3 C 13, 784.10 . míond.¤ , 639.12 . gai laiss . . . foriarnd fair dubderg, d.¤ `dripping', BDD § 87 .

In n.pr. Derg D.¤

(a) Of a horse: Conall cernach forsin deirg druchtaig, RC iii 183.30 . dofeccai secha a gabuir .i. in deirg ndruchtaig, LL 122b11 .

(b) Of Colum Cille's boat: dia risad port . . . in Derg D.¤ , ZCP vii 309.23 .

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