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carna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. carna or dil.ie/8242
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cernai

n [io ?] (Lat. caro ? Vendr. de Hibernicis Vocabulis). flesh, meat : carnae .i. car nūe .i. cesa nūa, is brisc ūair is bruithi, ar is rigin intan is feōil, Corm. Y 261 . ainm d'feóil cárna, Metr. Gl. 30 . c.¤ .i. feoil, O'Cl. is bran c.¤ comramaig, LU 8892 ( FB 68 , cernai, Eg.). alid carnai cach aire, BCrólige 26 . tri beo c.¤ ┐ tri derg c.¤ , Laws v 78.1 Comm. biadh la ḟíal c.¤ la mac, BB 25b34 = biad la fial c.¤ la cat, Leb. Gab.(i) 46.14 ( Keat. i 160. 60 ). dúaid iarum in c.¤ tírim, LL 21163 . ? cach midisi . . . i mortaidther mor carrnda .i. i mortaith mor cairnn, O'Curry 2144 ( Eg. 88, 2d ). ni berbamm salla ná cárnai, Alex. 883 ( carnu, ZCP xxx 144 ). c.¤ mairt, Laws iii 328.20 Comm. cárna samaisci, Fraech 226 . cuig ba na dicress carn[a] `not slender of flesh', Laws v 62.24 Comm. geiss dó . . . cárna a chomanma do ithi (of Cú Chulainn), LL 13884 . c.¤ mairmil `flesh of a whale', BCrólige 25 . c.¤ camull, Marco P. 186 . Of human flesh: nocon érnaba cerr ná chárnai dít asin taig, BDD² 547 . cárna caurad, TBC-LL¹ 4022 . rem c[h]ārno, ACL iii 310 § 1 . a ch.¤ crum (soul to body), PH 8255 . Cf. criothnuigheadh cosa ┐ cáirne `bodies', CRR² 29 (84.y). Of the raven’s cry: is edh adeir carna carna grob grob coin coin, Ériu viii 122.8 .

As descript. gen.: teora ba c.¤ three fat cows, Laws ii 200.25 . bé c.¤ see 1 bé.

1 ces

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ces or dil.ie/8814

 

Forms: ceiss, ces(s), ceis, chiss, ces(s)a

n debility, state of inertia; sickness (see Ó Broin, Éigse xii 109 ). ? n s. ceiss, Metr. Dinds. iii 382.23 . a d s. ces(s), less freq. ceis. a s. chiss, RC xiii 7.14 . g s. and n a p. ces(s)a. (In etymol. gl.) na n-eiges .i. na nai gan ches .i. na bhfiled, Auraic. 2264 . ar conscescing in cess for intí nod goin, LU 4960 . cess ┐ cotlud inna soilse ┐ inna torudh `the trance', Ériu ii 98 § 2 . inmain tríar na tarraill cess, LL 38777 . ar iss é focren cach ceas `for 'tis He who rewards every affliction', BColm. 98.29 . rí nimhe cabhrus cach c.¤ , SG 29.20 . i mian ceasa `consumed with wasting desire', O'Hara 3265 . dos-cuiredar i cess ┐ suan `they fall into sadness and sleep', Ériu ii 112 § 35 . flaith nime ┐ aingil fos-cichred i cess connach taidbsitis in nach airm, 142 § 152 . dobeir na catha i cess `which brings debility on hosts', ix 50 § 37 . condomdersaig as mo chess / erchor maic C. eíces `from my lethargy', RC xiii 466.1 . i gceas, Keat. Poems 539 . dom chor i gceas, TSh. 7603 . gel a sethna[ch] fairc fo cess / imman fethlach fithrech mairc, O'Mulc. 595 . nīs coirset cesa , ZCP viii 110.28 . bídh [in muir] a súan ┐ a ceas Dé domnaigh ┐ ní gluaisinn gáeth, RC xxiv 373.20 . atorcradar sochaidi díbh annsin i cessaibh ┐ i crólighibh ┐ i crislaighibh a long fein, CCath. 1999 . ? is Cú Chulaind mo chéle ní cú ches, LU 8336 . d'arconaib ces nad chel / tairr la tír i tairthither, LL 1765 . giaras facaib Cú gan chess, 8233 .

Freq. of the noínden of the Ulaid in TBC, etc., see noínden, oítiu and Ó Broin, Éigse x 286 . Note further: intan do fil Ultu asa c.¤ chucut, LU 6204 . slúaig Ulad . . . iar cur a cessa díb, LL 14097 . bátar Ulaid 'na ceis, RC xv 465.12 . assa cessaib, LU 5621 . Fig. beid san chríchse i gceas naoidhean `in weakness of travail', TD 20.27 . Of hair: ealta chuach i gceas naoidhean in soft curls, Dánta Gr. 17.2 .

With qual. gen. dos-curidar i cess marbhdhatad ind aimsir gaimrid `a trance of deadness', Ériu ii 128 § 91 . cess chinn, BColm. 22.20 . i gceas dimbhríogha, DDána 79.30 . ód cheas cumadh, Measgra D. 60.21 . i gceas imshníomha, 56.64 . fā cheas bróin, O'R. Poems 2893 . In chevilles: moid can c.¤ an effective vow, BNnÉ 256 § 214 . fosfúair is tulaig cen cheas / i farrad Meda anoirr deas, Ériu iv 158.3 . gan cheis, Duan. F. ii 242 § 11 . cen cesa , Reeves Ad. 286.15 . cen chessa, Auraic. 2225 .

2 ces

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ces or dil.ie/8815
Last Revised: 2013

 

n f. (ON kesja, Bidrag 62 , 94 . Lat. cista, Stokes, RC ix 490 . ā, f., Thurn. ZCP xxii 30 , with different etymol.). Form and inflection variable (freq. as k-stem).

(a) basket, hamper, pannier : i n-oinchis no i cissiu (sic leg. Gwynn, see Thes. i p. 725 ), gl. sporta, Thes. i 497.2 (Ardm.). tri cessa dec do dergór, SR 4300 . cess no da chess lána do braich, LL 39984 . i n-óenchiss (.i. i n-oenlestur), RC ix 490.13 . do thogbhail ceinnberti leis a cesaigh pannier, AU ii 548.14 . coro léiccset ar lár a chesach i farradh na fairrge, GJ iv 88b40 . ro tharraing in cesaigh, x. ar uachtar na cesach, 45 . dogebthea na cairr cona cessachaib ┐ a llan intib do lenbaib arna mbaduth, Ann. Conn. 1225.12 = na carranna co na cescandaibh `fishing-weirs . . . with their baskets', ALC i 278.22 = na cescanna, AFM iii 226.1 . Fig. maille ré ceasaibh ┐ ré cliabhaibh crábhaidh, TSh. 4105 .

(b) Of wicker-work coracles (apparently an erroneous inference; see 3 ces, SGS xxii 87-94 ): ionann . . . ceasa is naomhóga, Keat. ii 2243 .

(c) bee-hive, skep : ceas beach `beehive', Dán Dé xxiv 18 . i ngait na cesach bech .i. diabladh in cleib, Laws i 170.19 Comm. for na leastraib uile .i. for na ceascaib, iv 178.24 Comm. cin bech .i. ceis isin caechad, da cis isin marbad `a hive is the fine for the blinding', iii 432.14 Comm. curab i in cis o[a] ndernad in fogail dech isin cinaidh, 438.9 Comm. ceithri cesa , iv 200. y Comm.

(d) causeway of hurdles : co reitfitis carpait . . . for in cessaigh comdluta ro fas . . . do clarud na long lanbristi, CCath. 2792 . So also: co ndernsat cesaig [.i.] (sic leg.?) droic[h]et fo a cosaib d'faltaibh in longphuirt, 5421 . 5178 .

4 ces

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 ces or dil.ie/8817

 

n (-é-?) haunch (of meat) (?); flank: carnae .i. car nūe .i. cesa nūa, is brisc ūair is bruithi, ar is rigin intan is feōil, Corm. Y 261 . don ces tona `a rump-steak ', Laws ii 232.10 Comm. cés capuill `a horse-steak ', Moling 53 = féoil capuill, ibid. do cesaib ┐ do croicnib mathgaman ` hams ', CCath. 2930 . Cf. césán.

? Compd: sruithi . . . / cesloma clama cechra, Lism. L. 4560 .

césaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. césaid or dil.ie/8827
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: césair, chessair, chēsastair, chesatar, chesaiset, cesasait, césad

v Deponent forms in pret. 3 s. ro césair , Fél.² lxxvi 36 . ro chessair , Rawl. 75b33 . ro chēsastair, Corp. Gen. 117.34 . 3 pl. ro chesatar , LL 190 (beside usual: coro chesaiset , 199 . ro cesasait , Blathm. 1021 ). See Watkins, Études Celt. xi 131 ff.

(a) suffers, endures (trans. and intrans.): issnib colnidib . . . ceste saithu, Thes. ii 247.19 (Camb.). int um (= int am) scaras fria thola leo no cessas saithor i ppennit, 7 (ibid.). ce ru (leg. ceni, Celtica xxi 417 ) cesa aini na laubir, 4 (ibid.). cia cheste ar iriss Crist, Wb. 25a10 . is hé rofitir inneuch ro chéssusa, 17d12 . ced torbe dúnni a césme di cach imniud? 13c7 . ni ar oénfer na diis ro cess sed pro omnibus , 4b13 . i ṅGlinn dá loch césta croch, Thes. ii 332.1 ( Hy. v 20 ). ba nú no chésad cech trom di othaig, Lib. Hymn. i 176.471 - 2 (ACC). crist ro ces croich, Blathm. 542 . ar Chríst céssais ríaga, Fél. Feb. 23 . isin ecosc in rochesair (quo passus est), Lat. Lives 97.10 . césfe álag n-encraide, LU 10386 (rhet.). cesfaitit Ulaid rit ré, IT i 70.3 ( LMU 5 ). mad chēss imned `happily has he suffered care', Celtica ii 152 § 7 . ro-chēs tairmthechta īar sin / Ēogan, Sc.M² 21d .

(b) tortures, torments, makes to suffer : do chrochsubair ┐ da chesubair he, YBL 147a4 . in tan do cesad Crist, MacCarthy 304.23 . o fhuil in fíreoin docésabar-si, PH 2946 . sul chéasfaidhear . . . i n-ifreann mé (priusquam . . . crucier), TSh. 6884 . is iontuigthe go gcéastar an toil, 6508 . intinn an tnúthánaicc an tan céastar í lé maith na comharsan, Párl. na mB. 3521 .

Vn. césad.

coicsed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coicsed or dil.ie/10085

 

Forms: coicsath, trechomchésad

n [u, m.] vn. of con-cesa . Arch. coicsath (see GOI 98 ). trechomchésad, Sg. 188a31 . compassion, suffering; act of sympathising : martri ┐ coicsath `martyrdom and suffering', Thes. ii 245.13 (Cambr.). ascenel cruche adrimther incoicsath, 246.26 (ib.). ma choníssid c.¤ , Fél. Ep. 393 . c.¤ fri comnessam, ZCP iii 449.14 . c.¤ cac[h] fescuir, ZCP vii 498.11 .

con-cesa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-cesa or dil.ie/12016

 

Forms: coicsed

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 486 ): aure coicsa fricach `that he suffer with everyone', Thes. ii 246.22 (Cambr. Hom.). ? doboing fíor . . . con-cesa. . . , Ériu xiii 40.2 . do choimchesadh he maille ris na ballaibh iochtarach = compassus est infirmioribus membris suis, ITS xxix 168.26 .

Vn. coicsed.

1 cuirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cuirid or dil.ie/13660

 

Forms: cuired, cuirthe, cuirthi

v repl. earlier fo-ceird, do-cuirethar. ? Cf. arch. cuirithir (. . . bedc), Ériu xxii 42 § 9 (-er, MS), see also xvii 93 (4 c) . IGT Verbs § 83 .

(a) With direct obj.: mór do chathaib . . . ro chuir O. waged , LU 4393 . cuirit a ndergár, LL 38715 . in n-úair nochuired . . . / in bíast buidech a brocc-lomm vomits , Metr. Dinds. iii 428.29 . bid loch . . . / curfes co tromm trénṡaithe `that shall overthrow', 456.72 . cor cuiread graifne in aenaich leo `the fair-races were run', Ériu ii 178.22 . c.¤ gáir, Airne F. 289 . cuirit . . . inn ēgis mórchuairt Hērenn, ACL iii 3.25 . nocha cuirfither hé `he . . . shall not be overthrown', BColm. 94.26 . ro cuireth a n-or ┐ a n-airged, ZCP xxx 157. 35 = rotus loitt im a n-ór, Alex. 1091 . galar . . . trias ro chuir a ḟolt lost his hair, AFM ii 906.1 . ? ri ruc ingrein cuires cách, SR 7241 . cuirit a scis and `put away', RC ix 22 § 22 . no co curtur é `till it is buried', Rosa Angl. 256.z . is gach instrúim ceóil cuirthear is played, Timth. vi 38 § 19 . nach do réir oghuim do shíor chuirthear comhardadh rhyme is not always in accordance with spelling, IGT Introd. 3.1 . cionnus do chuirios ┐ do chaitheas a bhfuarus to what use I put etc., Mac Aingil 574 .

Invites : rocuired don cormaim hé, RC xiv 242.19 . con[id] si adaig and sin ro curthea a mathair a athair . . . do thig ríg a thúate, LU 6730 (BDD). cuir h'oireacht ┐ aguill iat (proscribed, cuiredh not having allowable personal forms), IGT Verbs ex. 793 . ? ni he rochuir iat `he had not sent for them', Ann. Conn. 1225.14 .

Sows; plants : cuiream ar síol, Dán Dé xvi 4 . curid ┐ benaid arbhar fa dó sa bliadain, Maund. 270 . a dhuine chuirios an crann, Ériu viii 195.1 . an tiubhar do chuir Pátraic, AFM ii 1146.4 .

Causes, has done : ar na cuirend dogres catha na cogadh do denum, Aen. 2752 . nīcoirset cesa / cen lessa a n-anma sufferings have not prevented them from caring their souls (?), ZCP viii 110.27 . 'nar cuiris mo mac do dighbhail orum `caused my son to be taken from me', Fier. 99 . na cuir galltrompa dha sheinm romhat, Matthew vi 2 . Cf. cuir-se ar múnadh, DDána 11.25 . do chuir / a fhuath caused him to be hated, Aithd. D. 10.6 .

(b) In a variety of idioms with prepp. With A(S): ro curthea gai a Herind re lind spears were banished, LL 888 . c.¤ . . . Adam a Partus, MacCarthy 58.9 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . ch.¤ asta emit, TSh. 6705 .

With co: ra curit techta chucu, MU² 850 . cuiridh in rí coblach . . . co C.B., ACL iii 309.5 . comad é fear a inaid no cuirfidhe co ríg Caisil ar tús `who would be summoned', Ériu xvi 66.87 . dochuiredar chuci diblinaib `attacked him', Ann. Conn. 1405.15 . cuirimsi cucaib, a breitheamna . . . I submit to you, O'D. 1700 ( H 2.12, No. 8, 1 ).

With DI: ro chuir a mertnigi . . . de put off, LU 3617 (SC). ? no cureb-sa dít, Fing. R. 87 . ramchursetsa . . . / do chirt Banba deprived me, LL 19233 . d'éis gach chuir dar cuireadh dhí, Aithd. D. 28.11 . gur chuir . . . allus fola dhe, TSh. 6747 . cuirid súil di see súil. DO: guidhe dá chóir ní chuirfe will not make supplication to Him (of Christ in Judgement), DDána 27.11 . ? béim air nocha nḟuigheadh sí / dá ccuireadh an ḟail d'Éinrí, IGT Decl. ex. 689 . do cuir do gorta iat starved them, Maund. 78 .

With DOCHUM: da curtái docum laburtha . . . le healadnaibh saera `which were caused to speak', Maund. 252 . gur chuirsead chum báis . . . íad, Desid. 3538 .

With FO: cuireas faoi milleadh na mbracchadh `induced him', Hy Maine 11.28 . fir nar chuir fan ríghe ribh `who have not contended', O'Hara 2374 . nó gur chuirsead . . . / fúthaibh `made conquests', TD 26.21 . cuirfe se faoibh an uile = suggeret vobis omnia, Luc. Fid. 5531 . go gcuire grádh féile faoi `till he has made up his mind to do some deed of generosity', Aithd. D. 31.39 .

With FOR: ? coro cuired Emuin M. forsna sluagaib, LL 13776 . docuir Sir Gyi tri cluithci aran sdibard (of chess) defeated, ZCP vi 54.22 . cuiris tiomargadh ┐ tionól ar maithibh Grécc mustered , Leb. Gab.(i) 80.16 . gurab ar Moling chuires an seinleabhar iad ascribes , Anecd. ii 24.y . cuirim ort a fīadnaise call you to witness, ZCP x 42.3 . an cuairt / . . . charit (sic) ar Sulcuaid the visit they make to S., Cog. 98.36 . cuirim si fort . . . scaradh fris, BNnÉ 5.29 . docuiredur . . . a cert ┐ a cōir ar comlunn disi they staked, ZCP vi 96.15 . do chuir ar [mh]í-chéill mise, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiii 2 . do chuiredh deichneabhar ar coitcheann S. `were quartered on', ZCP x 18.12 . cuirigh na croinn si foraibh cast lots among you, BNnÉ 7.17 . ben nár chuir eól ar an éra to whom refusal was a stranger, Bard. P. 40.92 . gur chúir S. . . . fios ar óglaoch sent for, TSh. 9095 . docuredh orum . . . gurb é do-reic-si re luing cennaigh doronus I was charged, ZCP vi 101.21 . as lugaide rocuirfed form do thecht uaim would grieve me, Aen. 808 . air nī cuirenn does not disturb it, BColm. 68.2 . cuirid ar an aígen, KMMisc. 322 § 7.1 = tiagaid arin muir, 315 .

With FRI: ro cuirsiod friu `attacked them', TFrag. 236.15 . cid sochaide . . . dia náimtib docuiread fri huaithed do chlaind Israél were sent against, Celtica iv 40.595 . meic (mac ?) ríogh nach cuirthear re chéimibh `unequalled', O'Hara 2865 . cuir rem dhíon undertake my protection, O'Gr. Cat. 411.19 . go gcuiridh cúl ris na coiribh, TSh. 7983 .

With IMM: co curend téora imsrotha im claiss a chúlaid, LU 6543 .

With I N-: cuirim a mbreth (of counsel's opinion), O'Curry 2120 ( H 4.22, 82 ). do chuirsiot D. anég . . . da fichet céd killed , Cog. 112.9 . cionnus chuirthear focuil shínidh ghirr a síneadh mheadhónach is changed into, IGT Introd. § 1 (1.22.) cuir thinntinn sa numla, Ériu v 136 § 103 . dá gcuireadh neach i n-iongantas orm should anyone think it strange in me, Keat. i 90.3 . ro-chuir naemhu Erenn uile hi socht, ZCP x 410.7 . cuirit a gceist ┐ a n-ingantus `they were very much troubled', Fl. Earls 34.24 . gibé . . . chuirfes conntabhairt ionnta, Ó Héodhusa 224.1 .

With LA: cuiris ferann manach . . . le Cnoc . . . M. added, Anecd. iii 7.6 . mar do chuir lé ar leithéid-ne `as He applied it', Dán Dé vi 25 . dá gcuirdís `fallsa' leis (of title of book), Mac Aingil 86 . ós liom chuirfeas since he will take my part, Ó Bruad. iii 208.5 . do chuir . . deire léna cómhrádh, Párl. na mB. 404 .

With ó: do-chuiris o adrad ídal hi you have banished the worship of idols therefrom (a city), PH 778 . an turcar cuires uadha an boaire dhí sin `the cast which the boaire chief makes with this', Laws iv 226.11 Comm. muir derg cuiris imat leag loghmur . . . úaithi deposits, RC xxiv 373.23 . ó chradh cuirfidhir, O'R. Poems 173 `will be separated from wealth', Gloss. chuireas iad ó bheith infheadhma which prevent them from being of any use, TSh. 7243 .

With RÉ N-: cid dam-sa na curfind mo chomlund a chetóir romum why should I not at once engage in battle? CRR 25 . ro cuirseat a comlunn rompo re n-ég were determined to fight to the death (?), CCath. 2788 . an tan chuireas roimhe díoghaltas do dhéanamh, TSh. 5421 . dána an chúis do chuir roimhe, Bard. P. 2.3 .

With TAR: no co cuirem in bliadhain-si thoruind till this year is over, Fianaig. 68.20 . ra chuir súil darin cétna mbraini cast an eye over, LL 34941 (MU). cuireadh thoram feirg Dé, Celtica iv 166 § 256 .

(c) With adverbs and adv. phrases: curus an curach amach, Ériu iii 164 § 18 . níor chuir mé / amach uaim breith an chluiche `did not set forth', Content. xiv 55 . guidhim Muire ogh / nacham-cuire ar cul, KMMisc. 319.9 . cuir ass ma connicci dispel (it) (viz. snow), Trip.² 562 . is mó do cuirthí do mheamhair leis na macaibh fóghluma é would be memorized, Keat. i 90.9 . gur chuir d'fhiachaibh air compelled him, Desid. 5316 . cuirfid se in cride druim tar ais, PH 7797 . cuir do chomhrádh ar athlá, Dánta Gr. 39.2 . do cuir fa aithne orra dul is in oilen, BCC 239 . ro chuirseat for nemhthní na F. `set nothing by the F.', AFM ii 1172.20 . niro cuirsit a mbridh an ni sin ignored that, Grail 3308 . rocursed na curaid a cenn a chele `the warriors attacked each other', Ériu viii 36.8 . an síodh cuirthior 'n-a chéile which is restored, O'Hara 1279 . cuir a gcrích ar chan an fáidhsin cause to come true, SGS iv 142 § 21 . go gcuireann cuid éigin . . . i bhfeidhm, TSh. 2222 . má chuiré a ngníomh iad, Desid. 3219 . chuiris a lochda . . . ós áird, Mac Aingil 3351 . cuireadh sin sios go mor do Chriosd = fit iniuria Christo, Luc. Fid. 3640 . cuir . . . súasuin sinn `lift me up', Bard. P. 6. 5 . cuirim suas don ghrádh I forsake (despair of?), Dánta Gr. 90.2 . ni chuireann . . . an Cailbhineach suas don Luitearanach, Luc. Fid. 2889 . cuiridh . . . a tigh súas = buildeth her house, Proverbs xiv 1 . cuirfit darcend naforcetla will upset, Three Hom. 70.7 . ro-chuir cend dar cend ┐ druimm dar ais miassa . . ., PH 4392 . cuir trit a ceile mix (them) together, Rosa Angl. 212.20 .

Vn. 1 cor. cuired. Part. cuirthe. Vbl. of necess. cuirthi.

lubair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lubair or dil.ie/30874
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: laubair, lubra, lebuir, lubar, lubfur

n i, f. (Lat. labor(em), Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 238. See also GOI p. 51 ). Also laubair, lubra, lebuir; with non-palatal -r: lubar, ACL iii 314 § 27 . lubfur, ZCP iii 29.28 . See also below. Gender influenced perh. by opar, but see Vendryes, De Hibernicis Vocabulis 78 .

(a) labour, work : a[i]cced cacha laubra, Críth G. 409. im l.¤ ┐ im tech naidhidh, O'D. 1708 ( H 2.16, c. 920 ). mas duine nach grad tuc a biadh no a lubra amach, O'Curry 2442 ( Eg. 88 f. 36(37)a ). coro shaerustar .x. mbliana cen l.¤ cen saethar iat, RC xii 432.28 . nirbo lethmáel ind l.¤ / ro marb Crechmael comchubaid feat, LL 22263 . sáor airmittnech . . . dognídh lubhair gach naoimh, BNnÉ 10.13 . mad dognither l.¤ . . . do drochtib ┐ toc[h]raib `work at bridges and causeways', RC xii 430.8 . lubhra . . . ┐ lesaighte `works and repairs', Cog. 138.28 . iar ndenum na lubhra, Laws ii 36.19 Comm . don ti oca ndentur in lubhra, 21 Comm . in lubhair, 27 Comm . lagsa for lugair (leg. l.¤), Ériu xviii 64 § 32 . lubhra .i. obair, O'Cl. In legal phrase saíre lubra: suire lubru [.i.] on trath co raile `workman's free-quarter', Laws ii 36.3 . in tsaire lubra, 23 . saoire lubhra, no biata, O'Curry 2442 ( Eg. 88, 36(37)a ). See also fáer.

(b) In religious context manual work (carried out by monk): tuesmot a fuil i n-áini ┐ i laubair ar Chríst `in fasting and in labour', Thes. ii 247.20 . cé rucésa áini nú laubir n-oco `although he suffer fasting or labour', Thes. ii 247.4 (leg. cení césa aíni na laubir n-oco 'although he does not endure fasting or labour thereby' Celtica xxi 417 ). mad airchiund dia laubuir ┐ ernaigti, Ériu vii 172.18 . di lebuir, 138.25 . cen ṡaethar lubra no ernaigthi, LL 285b43 . trī torba isind ló .i. érnaigthi ┐ l.¤ ┐ legund, ZCP iii 29.27 . crābad, ecna óg / lubar lor rit lind, KMMisc. 274.10 (libuir v.l.). do denamh a sáetha[i]r / do móradh a lubar, BNnÉ 309.26 . ferr l.¤ áine, RC xlv 26 § 39 . trédi indarbus démnu . . . l.¤, díthreb, áine, PH 8390 . Gilla mo-C. . . . tuir . . . lubhra ┐ trebaire, Gorm. Mar. 31 (gl. 4) . nā bī a n-espa, / is ed timarna in Rī / lubra, lēgad, ernaigthi, / dēnadh ēgin na nī, ZCP vii 310 § 6 . robé l.¤ eculsa Dē isna lāmaib-sea, ACL iii 232.29 . do lubhair a tempuil / ceilebradh is crabhadh, BNnÉ 308.23 . roddet in cach cill cháid / . . . l.¤ cretra commairg, Ériu viii 67.20 . Also in general sense of religious duty: tredan . . . is í l.¤ as dech la Dia dognither i talum, RC xii 428.y . iar ndenamh iolar mainisdreach ┐ recclés, ┐ gacha lubhra ecclustacda `duty', AFM iii 8.14 .

As quasi-vn.: occ lubair ┐ acc ernaighte (saothar, v.l.), BNnÉ 300.3 .

? 2 sesca

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 sesca or dil.ie/37278

 

ind `in tairisi libsi in ben?' ol si. `Cesa tairisi lindi em in tan doluid uaind dano, ni tairisi anosa,' ol Fraech. `Is fir em', ol sisi, `gairrde sesga ban', TBFr. App. § 27 = is gairde a sesga ban, ZCP iv 45.24 .

spréd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. spréd or dil.ie/38681

 

Forms: sprég, spréch, spréid

n ā, f. (O'Rahilly, SGS iii 65 compares Mid.Ir. bréo, bréud). Later also sprég, spréch (if not from sprédach), spréid.

Spark: s.¤ .i. teni láma, Corm. p. 42 s.v. tenlam = sprēid, Corm. Y 1214 . la fúaim na sbréde fo-cesa na trí choectu curach, BDD² 481 ( LU 6923 ). béim spréde Meic Cécht oc atúd tened, BDD² 487 . cach fras . . ., doléicead in s.¤ for lár, 489 ( LU 6929 ). [tech] asa mbi spre na soillsi tene imach, RC xxii 26 n. 10 (BDD). spreda in tellaigh `the sparks from the hearth', Laws iii 190.8 Comm . co n-adogh .i. inte spred (sic leg.), co tein .i. a hairbiathadh na spreidi sin a spark therein . . . to feed that spark, iv 22.31 Comm . mar dorachdis spréga a teinidh, Fier. 152 . innus nachar' fag spreigh dí gan bathadh, 164 .

Metaph. dob é a n-énspréidh choigil . . . é `latent spark' (of a person), Caithr. Thoirdh. 3.31 . nach éidir éin-spréidh do theine na hantoile do mharthain 'na mheanmain, TSh. 391 . do spalpainn-se na spréacha mionn `showers of oath-curses', O'Rah. (1900) lii 11 . spréidh ghreadaithe mo theallaighse fá chéile Chuinn `warm affection' (Gloss.), Hackett viii 5 . do-chuaidh mo spréidh `vigour of youth' (Gloss.), x 19 (or to spréid?). ar ndul dom spréidh, Measgra D. 27.11 . In sobriquet: Sprédh aithinne, ingen Mhughna . . ., bainechlach rígh Eirenn, Acall. 1285 .

Compd. ¤smál: sbrēchsmāla . . . teineadh glowing fiery sparks, Cath MT 168 .