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1 airgdech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airgdech or dil.ie/2022

Forms: airgthech

adj o, ā Also airgthech etc. Some exx. may indicate a deriv. of argat, but in others perh. = 1 aircthech. See also Jn. Celt. Stud. i 130 . airgtech (airgdech v.l.) a person rich in silver(?), Corm. Y 851 . argenteus .i. airgedach, Ir. Gl. 607 . ba hān ┐ ba airgteach intí Fothad Canainde, Fianaig. 6.9 (`ingenious'). ? a tir Roís argaid airgtith / forsin crich cairbthig cetnaí , BB 44a48 . In nn.pr. Fothad find A.¤ , LL 7039 . F. Airgtheach, Fianaig. 4.4 . ulad Fothaid Airgthig . . . ataat a dí ḟoil argit . . . ┐ a muintorc argit for a chomrair, Imr. Brain 48.12 . Enna Airgthech . . . .i. Enna Airgdidi; isdó doronta scéith airgdidi a nAirget Ros, Cóir Anm. § 3 .

aitherrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aitherrach or dil.ie/2630
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: atharrach, atharrach, aithearrach, -ig, -igi, aithearrachadh, atharrachadh, aithirriuch, oitherroch, atherruch, atheruch, atherrugh, aitherruch

adj -ech in Ml. Also atharrach. o, n. Vn. of ad-eirrig (see also aithrige). Later m. atharrach, aithearrach m. (g s. -ig, n p. -igi), IGT Decl. § 55 . aithearrachadh, atharrachadh, Verbs § 84 .

(a) act of repeating; repetition: is gnáth do a n-aitherrech `that repetition is usual for him', Ml. 94a3 . is gnath hi salmaib aitherrech forsna sunu cétnai , 133d2 . aitherrech forsanóinainm, 131a8 . atherruch i ṅguth ṅgnáth . . . is é in taitherruch . . . emnad óenfocuil i n-oeniniud isind runn ┐ cen lenamain dé o ṡein immach i.e. repeating a word or words as a device in poetry, LU 407 . aitherruch ar guth ṅgnath ar randaigecht moir inso, IT iii 79 § 50 . ar n-imdugud ┐ ár n-atheruch athgon ┐ athbulli, LL 226a23 ( TTr. 657 ).

D s. used as temporal adv. again: aithirriuch, Ml. 46b1 , 48d27 , 60a9 , Thes. i 489.36 ( Tur. 80 ), Críth G. 311 . oitherroch, Thes. ii 242.18 (Ardm.). aitherrach, Laws i 92.5 .i. . . . atharrach fechtusa eile, 98.23 Comm. atherruch, SR 1546 . atheruch, LU 1763 . TBFr. 228 . atherrugh, Ériu i 215.19 . aitherruch, ii 122 § 61 . Of dates, etc.: cusin samain a.¤ until next Hallow's Eve, RC x 224 § 14 . in seachtmad fichit isin mis chetna athirrach, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 24.37 . With prepp.: d'atherruch, SR 7408 . d'aithearrach, Dán Dé xxviii 12 . canir dano biad fri aitherruch an extra Beati is sung, Mon. Tall. 131.7 (§ 8) .

(b) act of changing, altering; change: aitherrech cheitbada lesom anisiu `he has here a correction of sense', Ml. 98b5 . dom aithirriuch gl. mihi ad emendationem, 22d5 . tairmrith .i. atharrach, O'Dav. 1577 (Fél. June 4). aithearach dlui n-assa, Laws i 268.7 .i. in oiriut bes . . . ag athearrach dlui, 300.22 Comm . a aitherruch as 'and removal [of the corpse] out of it', Mar. Dis. 48 § 38 ( Rawl. B. 506.45 ). m'olc d'aithearrach to change my evil nature(?), Dán Dé vi 36 . gan síl Adhaim d'a.¤ / máthair Chríst gar comhfhortacht, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 338.21 . atharrach na breithi `abrogation of the decision', Hy Maine 142.7 . do-gnid . . . imircedha ┐ aitherraige longphort `changes of camp', CCath. 3439 . earbuis . . . an sēpēl d'a.¤ `to remove the chapel', Fl. Earls 122.32 . athearrach aigidh turning pale, CF 654 . fir Alban diar n-a.¤ , Duan. F. i 89 (in sense of malairt destroying us(?), iii 80 ). Gramm. gan connsuini láir an fhocuil nach pearsa d'a.¤ d'ogham le hégsamhlacht ngáoidhilgi not to alter, IGT Introd. 3.4 . With DI: ni indliged doib athairec din conair fora setchi to transfer from one procedure to another, Cóic Con. 23 § 23 (atharrac, v.l. See note p. 82.).

(c) Common with gen. in sense of malairt lit. a change of, hence a different, another (cf. malairt): dia roibh a seanathuir i nannoit ┐ a athuir in atharach annoite, Laws iii 66.12 Comm. cia domrad Dia a n-aitherruch ecaisc (of an abbot changed into a woman), Anecd. i 77.15 . a.¤ cresa, Grail 3249 . a.¤ cuir do chor don choróin `to transfer the crown' (of the Earl of Essex), AFM vi 2258.13 . do glacadh aitherraigh aēir `take a change of air', Fl. Earls 238.2 . nach iarrthar a aithearrach sin nought else save that, Parrth. Anma 1258 . a aithearrach mar aighne / it aghaidh ní iarrfaim-ne no other advocate, DDána 11.33 . ni bhfuil m'aithearrach ann `there is none beside me', Isaiah xlv 6 . Redundantly: nách fuil a aithearrach ann achd é féin, Mark xii 32 .

(d) diversity, variety: tuic co tuicter [atharrach] fiabrais do reir aiterruigh na córp ┐ na ceoand = secundum diversitatem vaporum et corporum, Rosa Angl. 50.7 . is imdha atherrach creidium innti `a great variety of belief', Maund. 145 . dá chinēl déc . . . d'atharrach céol, RC xxiv 376.16 . lia d'aithearrach aosa ciúil `more numerous the variety of its musicians', TD 27.10 .

béoil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béoil or dil.ie/5685

Forms: -bela

n g s. -bela, MacCongl. 85.19 .

(a) fat, grease: anfobracht .i. nomen do duine ṡerggas ┐ timairgeas galar connā bī beo[i]l inna churp ( conabí beoil na súg and, Thr. Ir. Gl. 3 , s.v. anforbracht). bracht enim beoil uocatur , Corm. Y 42. Cf. bracht .i. beoil, O'Dav. 203. ceo ni coirm ceo ni sercoll saith sechnais beoil .i. . . . ni carad coirm ┐ nírbo sercad leis co ollsaith do sechnad dano in beoil, LU 916 (ACC). sechnais beoil .i. olar ( Eg. 1782, 14b2 , ACC), Ériu i 203 note v 4 . tobert īarom Corpri beōil co mōr im a hēim C. put plenty of fat about its handle (of a knife), Corm. Y 883. a cubat cétnai de men ┐ beoil, RC xii 86 § 89. gur roberbh a lusaib tuthmara ┐ a mil ┐ a mbeoil `in grease', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 § 10 . beuil [in]na tein, Fianaig. 14 § 33. ni dlig cercaill cend co mbeoil `a greasy head deserves no pillow', ZCP ii 225.6 .

(b) meat-juice (?), gravy (?): no dhoirted in mbeoil . . . cu suaitea triasin braissig, Lism. L. 302. 19 . fomna, fomna . . . beochail nārotbáda .i. faitches lat nārotbáde beoil `meat-juice' (Notes 144.2), MacCongl. 71.13 . no maidhís secht srebae . . . ┐ bā do beoil uile inīsin, 124.38 . Cf. béochail.

cétamus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cétamus or dil.ie/8889

Forms: cétmus, cétus, cétomus, cétmus, cétus, cētomus

conj (1 cét- + tomus. See Éigse vii 157 - 8 , CRR Gloss.). Earlier cétmus, whence cétus (-ús?). Also cétomus, -tumus. Freq. with len. ch-. GOI 248 .

(a) In phr. bad chotamus doṅ chetamus fair sin measure for measure, tit-for-tat , CRR 7 , 8 . ? Cf. ceadamus .i. in cetna ai for seis no in cetnai fis no in cétna amas forsa ḟaisnes, Lec. Gl. 180 . cetamus .i. cetna, Stowe Gl. 273 .

(b) Adv. firstly, to begin with, originally : ceadas .i. ar tús, O'Cl. cétmus `in the first place', Wb. 23b34 . ríi benn c.¤ (in list), Críth G. 448 . ropa cridiscel dam cedamus `my first wish was', Mon. Tall. 136.21 . cétus, Trip.² 635 . cētomus, Sc.M² 11 . itosuch chetumus, LL 13296 ( RC viii 48 ). cetar-cubaid garit dialtach cetomus (in list), IT iii 15 § 33 . cid ma tanic tu-su chidus . . . isin n-eclais?, YBL 146a15 . rob í ar gceardcha céadamhas (: solas), Ir. Review 1913, 594 § 5 . soil cédus, IGT Introd. § 23 .

(c) In wider sense however, moreover, indeed, even, etc.: ni aurtet ní laisim cetamus a tabirt `he does not hold it admissible, however, to give it', Mon. Tall. 143.14 . saer i suidiu ndair . . . daer i suide saeir cetamus on the other hand(?), Laws v 20.13 . nit athgénmár or E. Atotgénsa chetus ol in t-ócláech, LU 10801 (TE) `however', Ériu xii 175 . adfét dó . . . ainm cech prímdune . . . adfét dó chetumus a n-íathu ┐ a n-áthu moreover, LU 5106 = chetamus, TBC-I¹ 621 . con-aitchecht C. dig . . . Nís-fil and ch.¤ unfortunately there is none, BDD² 1432 . damad d'escairdibh cetamus noberad cosccur if only, CCath. 3700 . ni thuicemni cedus a raidhit we don't even understand what they say, IT iii 187.4 . chetus in ben sa is sí in glan genmnaid indeed(?), LU 3907 ( SCC 42 ). na hidail-sea citus, ni dat dee, PH 2353 `indeed', Gloss.

cétnae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cétnae or dil.ie/8944
Last Revised: 2019

io, iā.

I As ord. num. (the) first (with follg. noun). In Sg. somet. cétna (the usual form in later texts), and in O. Ir. glosses somet. uninflected (see GOI 230 ; isin chétne tuiste, Wb. 1a1 ). cétna persan, Sg. 191a2 . cenid ed as chetnae n-áis in homine , Ml. 44c26 . cétna netargna, Sg. 197b10 . áinsid . . . cetni diil `of the first declension', 91b4 . tobarthid cétnæ diil, 76b4 . cétna cobedne (g s.), 168b1 . far cétnu diull, 90b1 . hicétni persin, 163b6 . cetnastoir ┐ stoir tanusti, Hib. Min. 10.313 . ésci cétna mís, PH 5071 . cētna cath fiche twenty-first, ZCP xi 109 § 19 .

With follg. clause: is he céetne fer cetaruchreti . . . hi Crist, Wb. 7b11 . issí chetne aram sainigedar fri hunáir, Sg. 41b9 . issi cetna cumal ceta-ra-gaib, Laws v 394.3 . cetnagnim gnisset, SR 4197 . ónchetna duini robúi, 7889 . is e didiu cetna ndeiginach ro dhuisid `c'est le même qui le dernier ressuscita', Études Celt. ii 298.28 , cf. ZCP iii 35.25 .

With prec. art.: in cetnae sians, Ml. 36a33 . in chetna persan, Sg. 157b3 . ind cetna cétaoin, Mon. Tall. 156.1 . incetni persin (a s.), Sg. 159a2 . in cétnu slisiu, RC xxvii 280 § 35 . dar in cétna ṁbraini, MU² 505 . ó aicniud na cétne tuis- ten, Wb. 21b4 . inna cétnisillabæ `of the first syllable', Sg. 212b1 . huan cetnu dedól ind laithi, Ml. 136b1 . fon c.¤ ṅdul, 126d8a (see Études Celt. xl 82 ). ised fil isin c.¤ chetbuid, Ml. 115a14 (rectius chétnae). isin chetna sillaib, Sg. 18b2 . don chétni persin 52a19 . is in cetna nous fer nErend, Laws i 12.4 . an cetna fecht the first time, D IV 2, 75 rb 23 . donaib cétnaib forcitlaib gl. primis institutionibus, Ml. 14a12 .

With follg. clause: na cetnæ rainne bis isin chomsuidigthiu, Sg. 18b1 . With prec. poss. a cétnae n-ais `its first age', Ml. 87b10 . im chétni precept, Wb. 31a1 . As subst. ar nídad ferr-si in chétnu `for ye are not better than at first', Wb. 8c7 . in cédna ro thoimélad the first person who should eat, FDG² 222 . an ceudna the first (in list), RSClára 149b . ? tuargaib a tech . . . co riacht a dirgi fesin inna cetna, LU 8402 ( FB 28 ).

As preverb: (cf. ceta-, cét-): cétnaronas who was the first to be bound, ZCP viii 320.31 . is la N. cetnaroacht múr B., Rawl. 71a32 . M. las' cētna crecad, Corp. Gen. 363.15 . la C. cétna hort, Metr. Dinds. ii 50.28 . R. cetnaragaib cath nIndide do lāim, Ériu iii 141.214 . cia cetna ro-forchan?, PH 6410 . Cf. combad a ben cetna tísad issa tech ar thús, LU 8272 ( FB 21 ) (if not here in sense of fadéin

II With prec. art. and noun (the) same (exceptionally: co cétnu chórus, Críth G. 438 ): in trop c.¤ , Ml. 77b6 . infogur cétna, Sg. 203b9 . a cumachtae c.¤ , Ml. 48a21 . a folad cetne, Sg. 28b20 . cen forcenn ind ḟolaid chéthnai, 19 . ? ar is écsamil acenél cetne fil isindí as mare ┐ as nilus, 211a14 (? leg. cetamus , Strachan, note). na precepta cétni, Wb. 17b20 . forsna sunu cétnai , Ml. 133d2 . fon coir cetna, Laws ii 246.1 , see ZCP xiv 351 . bretha in ríg cétnai , Fél. Prol. 202 . an cumat cenda (sic) soin, BB 275a16 . isnaib cressaibh cétnaibh, Ériu ii 110 § 29 . do chungid in chon chētna the same dog (i.e. just mentioned), Sc.M² 1 . is an riocht chéadna in its former condition, Dán Dé xii 15 . d'indsaigid in Chaladonda cetna that very C., TTebe 3193 . an Ní céanna, Donlevy 88.18 . With prec. poss.: a chomméit cétna the same quantity, Sc.M² 2 .

In follg. perh. in use similar to that of fadéin: ro faidid co Sithchend cetna iad to S. himself(?), RC xxiv 196.2 . do-chuaidh don bith cétna che, BB 59a4 . Traoi chédna, O'R. Poems 1781 `the veritable . . . Troy', Gloss. dodeachaidh badhdēin cétna a persain, Fl. Earls 214.20 . air Anna Boilen, a inghin chéadna, Hard. ii 314.7 . ? do bheir tuile ar dtráigh céadna, Dán Dé xxxi 13 . ? iar cech mebail chetni, O'Mulc. 403 .

III As subst. the same (person, thing, etc.): bad hé a fer in cétne let the same one be her husband, Wb. 9d32 (`first'). Cf. donānic ar tinnorcain in chētna, TBC-I¹ 1086 = LU 5569 . la taisecc in gill innad on inna don in cetna, Laws v 422.8 ( CIH ii 477.19 ). Adv. tiagait fora rēmim in chētna they proceed on the same course, Ériu viii 157.3 nocho n-oo, nochon sinu in cétnu (i.e. Día, subject of preceding sentences), Ériu ii 106 § 16 . ní hed mo ass a cétne 'it is not my same milk', CMMucr. (Sc. Éog.) 66 § 8 (see The Heroic Biography of Cormac mac Airt 129f. n. 39 ). immon cétna, LU 1142 . a cétna, Bodl. Dinds. 18 . frisa cedna `in the same way', Mon. Tall. 138.12 . an cetna the same thing, TTebe 4840 . ca rád na cétna, CRR 26 . in ccédna dhuitsí the same to thee, ITS v 18.12 . gus na cineadhaibh do choimhēd an ccēdna gus a-niú (i.e. seanchus), Celtica i 88.17 . an cēanda (sic) do dhēanamh, Beatha S. F. 2465 . In later lang. freq. in phr. mar an gc.¤ in the same way, also, too : piseacla do cheangal isan tunna sin mur an gcēadhna, Celtica iv 67.88 . mar an gcētna `likewise', Fl. Earls 78.20 .

2 cubat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cubat or dil.ie/13394

Forms: comḟot

n (com + fot) later comḟot (comḟot). Not always clearly distinguished from 1 cubat (see ferchubat ).

(a) (equal) length: is fota a ch.¤ for lár mo phoba Ferguis, LU 1605 ( IT ii2 214.56 and note p. 226 ) F. is long (lying) full length on the ground (?), cf. cummat? ni segat acht c.¤ .u. ndorn `a cubit of five hands', Ériu ii 130 § 102 = cethri troigthi a n-airdi, Celtica ix 42 § 54 . do chuireadar c.¤ fir fo thalmain é, Atlantis iv 172.z `a man's height', cf. ferchubat. co ndechaid comhfod fir i talmain a man's length, SG 325.31 . c.¤ láma feróclaig, ZCP xvii 228.11 . tri cubait rigi ranac / i tacmuṅg a munbragat (of monstrous birds), LL 20214 = secht cubait riged, etc.: seven lengths (?) of the forearm, Metr. Dinds. iii 258.27 . c.¤ do léinid lín / im chorpán cach duine díb `his length (?) of . . . ', Bard. P. 53.15 . a cc.¤ dfhottaib an talmhan `sods of earth of like size', Hugh Roe² 22.31 . Of equivalent quantity, amount: cetri ficet sesrai do lemlacht ┐ a c.¤ cétnai de men ┐ beoil `the like quantity', RC xii 86 § 89 . ? da aicde for sechtmoga[i]t / inna cumhat, roghnathaig `in equal quantity he used', Auraic. 286 (= na adhpar comadh gnathach, 2601 ).

B. na f.: nocha dom chloinnsi c.¤ / mac do lugat o Luaigne, ACL iii 310 § 7 . Cf. § 2 and ZCP xii 360 §§ 2 , 8 .

(b) grave : c.¤ Caelchon ┐ a arad, LL 3860 (= comfot, Dinds. 1 § 28 `grave' cited comḟot ). attaat da duma frisin c.¤ atuaid, 3847 = Dinds. 1 § 23 `the grave'. atá Lecht ind Abaic friu anoir. Is amlaid ata in c.¤, sairdes ┐ síardes (of the `Dwarf's Grave' at Tara), § 22 .

In compd. cited ferchubat .

? do-airscéli

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? do-airscéli or dil.ie/17157

Forms: tairscélaid, torscelsad, toirscelsat, tairscélad

v (to-air-scél-) investigates, finds out . Only as simple vb. tairscélaid: ité cetnai thoirscelsat epert techta isna sidhe, BB 34b43 = torscelsad, Lec. 561c24 ; toirscelsat, ib. 25a23 . ces[t] in fil ni asa toirscelta dliged mbunaid aithgabala, O'Curry 784 ( H 3.18 367a ). Vn. tairscélad.

do-cuirethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-cuirethar or dil.ie/17442
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tochraid, dorala, tarla, tachraid, tochur, tachar, docuire, ducuiredar, du-nd-chuirethar, dochuirethar, docorethar, docuiretar, dochuiret, tochre, tocraid, corathar, -tochrathar, -tochra, dochora, rathochra, -dochrat, tochorad, docorad, nothachrad, -tochratis, ducorastar, dochorastár, tochrastar, rothocair, tochuir, tachair, tochratar, tochradar, tochar, tochuirther, dofocuirther, docuirither, tochradar, docuirter, docuired, tochrad, tuichred, ndichret, tuichret, dofóichred, toichred, docuirfed, tochērat, doceradh, tacerad, dofoicherthar, dindrala, torala, tairle, tarlam, doralus, darolus, tarlus, torlus, tairlius, doralais, fris-tarlais, dusrale, toralae, con-darraile, dorala, tarla, tarlathar, daralsat, doralaighset, doralatar, tarlatar, doralad, duralad, ceta-tarlad, do-t-ralaid, tarlaid, dutárlid, doralta, docuiriur, tochuiriur, tochuirim, docuirethar, dochoirethar, docuiredar, tocuiredar, tócurid, tócuired, tocuirid, docuirifar, dorochurestar, dorochuiristar, rothochurestar, ro-s-tochuir, rothochuir, dorochuirsemmar, rom-tochuirseat, dofocuirther, tocuirfiter, tochuiribthe, tocuiredh, tochuired, rodocuirit, tochur, tochuired, tocuread, do-m-cuirethar, dorala, doscuirither, con-tachrad, tocraid, dorala, dorala, tarla

(* to-cuir-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 501 ), in O.Ir. a deponent vb. used in the senses (1) puts and (2) invites . For the development of meaning (2) see Gaidoz, RC xxiii 91 . In O.Ir. (1) occurs chiefly in 3 s. , often in impers. construction; in subj. and pret. the root la- is used side by side with cuir- and the fut. is supplied by *to-(fo)cherr- (cf. 1 cuirid); in (2) all forms are supplied by *to-cuir-. In later Mid.Ir. *to-cuir- comes to be represented by tochraid (tachraid), treated as a simple vb. and often forming an ē-fut. (see TBC-LL¹ 5707 , Cog. 225.18 = LL 309b3 , Acall. 1137 , Aen. 290 ), while dorala or tarla (the former of which survives as late as the 17th cent.) exists independently in the sense met, happened . The form tachraid may be regarded as a lineal descendant of do-cuirethar, dochuir[id], -tochraid rather than as a distinct denom. vb. formed from the vn. tochur, tachar, the syncopated form (common already in Mid. Ir.) being probably due to the need for distinguishing it from tochuirid invites, in which syncope does not as a rule occur. See GOI § 762 . IGT Verbs § 95 .

Forms.

I In sense puts

(a) Forms from *to-cuir-: Indic. pres. 2 s. docuire, Corm. s.v. taurthait . 3 s. ducuiredar, Thes. ii 19.36 . du-nd-chuirethar, Ml. 35d22 . dochuirethar, BDD 71 . docorethar, 106 . 3 pl. docuiretar, Fianaig. 84 . dochuiret, Metr. Dinds. iii 292 . Ipv. 2 s. tochre, LU 10881 . 2 pl. tocraid, 1486 . Subj. pres. 3 s. do corathar , O'Curry 1999 ( H 4.22 29 ). -tochrathar, Críth G. 418 . -tochra, O'D. 739 ( H 3.17 ( H 3.17, 537 ). dochora, LL 146b . co rathochra , Triads 117 . 3 pl. -dochrat, MacCongl. 99.4 . Impf. 3 s. tochorad, Ml. 44a19 . docorad, BDD 54 . nothachrad, TBC-LL¹ 1180 . 3 pl. -tochratis, RC ix 468.6 . Pret. 3 s. ducorastar, Ml. 52 . dochorastár, LU 5366 (TBC). co tochrastar , IT ii1 184 . rothocair, Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . tochuir, tachair. 3 pl. tochratar, LL 293b25 . tochradar, BB 33b22 , etc. Pass. pres. s. fora tochar (= tocharr, an archaic form), Tur. 14 ( Thes. i 485 ). tarsa tochuirther , Ml. 22c1 . cf. 80b7 and dofocuirther, 18c10 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 301 ). docuirither, Laws i 170 Comm. Ériu ii 120 § 58 , etc. forsa tochradar , BB 330b22 . pl. docuirter, Anecd. v 24 n. 25 . Pass. pret. docuired, PH 7767 . Imr. Brain i 88 . co tochrad , MacCongl. 37.4 .

(b) Forms from to-(fo-)cherr-: Fut. 3 s. ? in (ní?) tuichred , BB 298a24 ( IT iii 15 ). 3 pl. co ndichret , Ml. 44a16 . ? ni tuichret , IT iii 15.4 . Condit. 3 s. dofóichred, Sg. 130b2 . toichred, ZCP i 66 § 113 . Later formations from *to-cuir-: docuirfed, Lec. 458c7 ; tochērat, TBC-LL¹ 5707 , etc. Cf. doceradh, BB 298a25 = tacerad, IT iii 15 (H)?). Pass. fut. dofoicherthar, BDD § 81 .

(c) Forms from *to-ro-la-: Subj. pres. 2 s. dindrala (= dia ndrala?), Bvi 74 ( Thes. ii 37 ). 3 s. torala, Ml. 43b15 . tairle, Ériu iv 24 ( LL 106a ). 1 pl. co tarlam , Fél. Prol. 319 v.l. Perf. 1 s. doralus, Fél. Prol. 15 . darolus, ZCP iv 44.12 . tarlus, LU 3863 ( SCC § 38 ). torlus, SR 1872 . ? tairlius, BS 48.24 . 2 s. doralais, Alex. 946 . fris-tarlais, ZCP iii 206 . 3 s. dusrale, Ml. 23c16 . co toralae , Corm. Y 698 . con-darraile, LL 272b21 . Mid. Ir. dorala, tarla; tarlathar, TBC-LL¹ 2069 . 3 pl. daralsat, LL 169a15 . Cf. doralaighset (they) happened to be, Fl. Earls 188 . doralatar, tarlatar, PH, etc. Pass. perf. s. doralad, Wb. 13d8 , Ml. 14b12 . duralad, 67d9 . ceta-tarlad, LL 515 . do-t-ralaid, SR 1307 . ni tarlaid , 3668 . ? dutárlid, LU 10938 (perh. fr. *to-ad-ro-luid). pl. doralta, Ériu ii 106 § 19 .

II In sense invites. Indic. pres. 1 s. docuiriur, Sg. 16b8 . tochuiriur, Thes. ii 357.1 . tochuirim, Corm. Y 77 . 3 s. docuirethar, Sg. 61a7 . dochoirethar, Ml. 29b1 . docuiredar, tocuiredar, ZCP xii 364 . tócurid, FA § 1 . Ipv. 3 s. tócuired, PH 5829 . 2 pl. tocuirid, 5614 . Fut. 1 s. docuirifar, Ml. 3a1 . Perf. 3 s. dorochurestar, Ml. 16c6 . dorochuiristar, 25c13 . ní rothochurestar , 18d16 . ro-s-tochuir, Leb. Gab.(i) 234 . rothochuir, PH 4413 . 1 pl. dorochuirsemmar, Sg. 6b18 . 3 pl. rom-tochuirseat, CCath. 983 . Pass. pres. s. dofocuirther, Ml. 18c10 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 501 ). Fut. pl. tocuirfiter, PH 4346 . Condit. s. ni tochuiribthe , Ml. 128a2 . Pret. co tocuiredh , BB 10a4 , tochuired; rodocuirit (= rotochuiritt), Cog. 74.8 .

Vn. tochur, tochuired.

I As trans. vb. in personal construction

(a) puts, deposits, places , often used as synonym of do-cuirethar or do-beir: is tre ḟír flathemon docuiredar ildelba muir the sea casts up creatures of divers form, ZCP xi 82 = is tré ḟír flatha ildelba il-míli . . . for tráchtaib téchtaib tochratar are deposited (cast up) on shores, LL 293b25 . di[a] ndrala huait if thou put from thee (gl. tolle), Thes. ii 37 . inna hí batar buthi ar thuus, dusrale fodiad he put them last, Ml. 23c16 . is hed doralad hi tossuch, Wb. 13d8 , cf. Ml. 14b12 . in tascair docuirither do tuinn which is deposited by a wave, Laws i 170 Comm. , cf. iv 194 . nech tarsa tochuirther sciath over whom a shield is placed, Ml. 22c1 . ro-tarlait a teinti their fires were placed (i.e. built up), Mer. Uil. 17 . torala Dia ar chēill do degnimu-su may God bring to mind gl. revocetur, Ml. 43b14 . doralus ar m'airi | gréschi occa nguidi, Fél. Prol. 15 . ó doralaim ar m'aire . . . lecca huara (pres. formation based on perf.), AU 877 (poem). tachraid for cēill dāib . . . senscēlai bar muinntire call to mind the traditions of your people, Alex. 191 . Cf. Ériu ii 136 : ar cid aingil nimhe, rosbi crith ┐ uamun intan forathmentar ┐ docuredar ar cēill (leg. forathmenatar ┐ docuretar . . . when they remember and call to mind). dochurusdar Cond an macamh ar comairci Airt placed under A.'s protection, iii 160 . ducorastar Dia deilb mordraige . . . forsinní Dauid, Ml. 52 . tegdais forsa tochar deg-lí anechtair is placed, Tur. 14 . nocon fetur-sa indat ilgné docuirther in folt fair (lit. different ways [in] which the hair is put on him, cf. RC xxiii 91 ), BDD § 105 . forsa tochratis tonna an mara na héicne, RC ix 418 . go rotochuir [an piast] ainbthine dermair forsan muir, BNnÉ 6 . co tocuir tāmnēll fuirri, RC v 199 . doconnairc . . . prinnsa in dorchuttois . . . da tochrad cét cenn fair there were (lit. had been put) a hundred heads, Aisl. Tond. xiv 1 . focherdsat na draoithe gaotha draoidhechta . . . co ttochradh an muirgrian iochtarach for úachtar an mara, Leb. Gab.(i) 256 . cia dám . . . ceta-tarlad for hErend? was first landed, LL 515 . nir tocrad Cessair for rig o sein amach no king was styled Caesar, Lec. 300b49 = ni rotocrad, 304a46 . co ndichret a ndruim fria naimtea will turn their back, Ml. 44a16 , cf. 44b19 . tocraid for ndrommand fri fraigid uli, LU 1486 . dofil in carpat . . . ┐ dorala clār clē frind it has turned its left side to us, TBC-I¹ 1192 (perh. impers.). cléirchin fris tarlais tinne `to whom thou hast shown stiffness', ZCP iii 208 . ni tocrad dam int aitheachmattud glēid frisin coin mōir should not have engaged in fight with, TBC-I¹ 1228 . do-curead cath Ruis F. re Nemed, Lec. 357b2 . rofich cath Naisi fri hEochaid . . . iar cath Chomair fri hEochaid n-eolach trén doralad, 592a26 (cf. do-beir cath). domchurithar Dia isinn abainn, Imr. Brain ii 292 . gidbead dochuirear-sa deit isin dig, nā hob a ōl whatever I put into thy draught, Lec. 155b27 . toichredh a chenn 'sa chuithe he used to plunge his head, ZCP i 66 . rangabusa in n-éicni . . . darolus i lláim na hingine, TBFr. 342 . co ndaralastar (leg. -ralatar) na halma i talmain a chorp the herds trampled his body into the ground, TBC-LL¹ 2056 = gur cuirsit, St. cid ar dotralaid hi cacht? why hast thou been put into durance?, SR 1307 . is i cruinne dorraladh cach dūil . . . is i torachta chruinne doralta na nime, Ériu ii 106 . doscorad (duscorat, v.l.) a triur isin muir plunge into the sea (reflex.), RC ix 460 . is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni the fault you have brought against us, Alex. 946 = Anecd. v 5 . feib leir donralaid do nim | missi ┐ tussu, SR 1787 . conab-torlus a Phardus that I have put you out of Paradise, 1872 . con-dacuired dar cenn was overturned, SG 316 . con-daralsat é 'n-a ágib (i.e. tore him asunder), LL 169a15 .

(b) deposits, produces, brings forth: crann . . . docuiridar tri toraid cacha bliadne, Ériu ii 116 . nói cuill Chrimaill . . . dochuiret tall fon tiprait `drop their fruits', Metr. Dinds. iii 292 (docuredh, tocuread, v.l. perh. pret. pass. have been set, planted round). ba hinund brú rothocair | Fothad ┐ cóelChuirrech the same womb bore, 234 .

(c) throws, casts, sends: tochrae uait cast it from you, TBC-I¹ 1557 (LU) = tochra, YBL. docuire urchar úait, Corm. s.v. taurthait = focheirdi, Corm. Y 1229 . Cf. IT iii 16 § 37 . ni tharlus dom chirt | urcur anfis, LU 3863 ( SCC § 38 ). dochorastair Dochae ga for Fiachaid, TBC-I¹ 2110 . a arat dia tochuirther the distance from which it is shot, Ml. 80b7 . fochres [a c[h]end] isin mBrudin . . . ┐ dorralad eiste, BDD² 1405 . dochorastar echlacha uada, Anecd. iii 65 . dochuiretar sut a comuirli chugat-sa send thee their decision, Fianaig. 84 . docuredh Conall for a lurg, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 36 . docuirethar bedc throws, i.e. makes a start, bound: docuridar bedg de fodes starts off southwards, RC iii 176 . doscuiret[h]ar bedc as fa thuaid, IT ii1 175 . tathchuireathar bedg ar a ceand, BDD² 357 . tacurethar, YBL = docuirethar, Eg. = ta-cuirethar beadg ón tig, 645 . toschuirther beadc a Tracht F. they make a start from, 620 (the constr. here suggests that `beadc' is either nom. or else adverbial accus., the vb. being used impersonally). dochuirethar bedg anís, LL 281b13 ( GJ v 64 ). Cf. foceird b., ZCP viii 104.z .

II As trans. vb. in impers. constr. folld. by prep. phrase or other complement of pred., e.g. do-m-cuirethar lit. it puts me (in a place, condition, etc.), i.e. I happen to be (come). This construction is esp. common with the perf. dorala (tarla) and continues into the Mod. Ir. period.

(a) Of rest: dorala ind aimsir geimrid it happened to be winter, Trip.² 112 . focheirdi erchor uait . . . Docuirethar obonn anmannae ar a chind an animal chances suddenly to be in its way, Corm. Y 1229 (docuirither, LB). dī ōene sechtmaine . . . feib docorathar ind recht | do neoch las mbē nert as it is (laid down) in the law (?), ZCP xiii 29 . dia tarla Cond C. ┐ Eogan T. i comflaithis fo Erind, RC xvi 136 ( Dinds. 132 ). gon domrala crechtach ngarb so that I am wounded, TBC-LL¹ 2338 . cona-tarla faen so that he fell prostrate, Mór M. 267 . nach n-esconn rotmblaisi . . . dorala inna chunn slān became sane, Ériu ii 116 . ó domrala il-ligi leóin, ZCP vi 263 . co na-tarlai ina ṡuidi so that he fell on his haunches, LL 272b21 . dorala in tech ina ráithsechaib briathar, FB § 29 . ro-imthigset i frithsēt Grēg co nustarla tul fri tul i medhon in ṡéta, BB 419a35 . is and dosralai sede tunc, ic Ross na ferta she chanced to be at, Hy. v 65 Comm. ( Thes. ii 343 ). bái mesca mór for Ulto . . . Docuiridar immarbága móra . . . eturro there arise, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 . Cf. further: ni chuincem colcthi . . . acht in talam cona sraith trit nó lomm amal docuirether (leg. docuirethar) covered with grass or bare as it may happen to be, Alex. 874 = Anecd. v 3 .

(b) Folld. by prep. denoting motion: doscuirethar as co trāig in baile, IT ii1 178 ; 'they set out' Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 100 § 20 . conacca . . . dorrala inna huili fiadmila asin fidbaid that all the wild animals had come out of the wood, TBC-I¹ 3108 . domrala don áith I came to the kiln, Fél. p. 12 . dosrala do Dún na mbarc they came to, LL 4b33 . inis diandorala iar n-imram, Anecd. i 53 . toscuirethar dochom tíre they come to land, BDD § 55 . con-domrala dochum slúaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 120 . nirbo chian . . . condarraile (leg. dasraile) dochum indsi till they happened on, LL 283a21 . doluid in gilla . . . conusstarla dochum thopuir till he chanced upon a well, RC xxiv 196 . dotrala f[o] aineolass thou art ignorant, ZCP xiii 3 . [a]n du[c]uiredar bissext for nói kl. when bisext falls on . . ., BCr. 32c10 ( Thes. ii 19 ). fēil docuiredar for Sathurn, Mon. Tall. 135 , cf. intan doscuirither-si for áin, LB 9b10 (pass. ?). rocloenad a thech, con-datarla for a lethbeolu so that it inclined to one side, FB § 25 . ind eclas i tarla grada for Brigit, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 330 ). dogní Neide glām ndicend dō, co toralae teorae bulgae for a gruadaibh, Corm. Y 698 . docorastar cess ┐ huamhon for na slúagho gloom and fear fell upon the hosts, Ériu ii 100 . co tarla a dí bond bána fair (he fell) with upturned soles, MU² 987 (LU). dichetal for ochtraig, co rathochra a mbi ina íchtur for a úachtar all that is below comes to the top, Triads 117 . dorala ana mbui . . . a n-íchtar an loch[a] co raibi forúachtar, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . co tarla ind ní bāi ina hichtar co mbōi for a hōachtor, Anecd. ii 57 . con-tachrad cach ní nobith a n-ichtur na fairrgi 'na fuachtur, Lec. 569a7 = gu tocraid , BB 40b8 (pret. pass. instead of the impers. constr.). con-dasrala for combáig comimrama they began to race each other in rowing, LL 235a20 . doscuridar iarum for a rith cētnai they resume their course, Ériu ii 126 . documlaiset for fairgi ┐ docorastar a lūi fri tir their stern was turned to shore, Corm. Y 1059 . feib donrala fri comrád as we have fallen into conversation, SR 1214 . fri tala ind ríg . . . domrala tria tinninas I have crossed the king's will through my hastiness, 6188 , cf. 6013 . ní rádi ní tri thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it'), Ml. 35d22 . cia dotochra a robaegal though thou fall into great danger, BCC § 348 (poem). docuiredar cach ai i tuaim alaile each of them comes into another's place (of three currents meeting in a whirlpool), Corm. Y 323 = docuirither, LB. dotrala i mbeirn baegail, TBC-I¹ 2648 . dotrala ind, RC vi 183 . doscuiredar i cess they fall into sadness, Ériu ii 112 . darrala tar romuir who came over the great sea, Fél. Dec. 8 (darralad, doralaid, donralad, v.l.). focheird rout n-urchair din liathróit, conastarla dar gincraes a bragat dond archoin so that it went past the watchdog's gullet, TBC-LL¹ 1025 . na cōic mnā nostachair tra | maraen ria n-athair suna came here together with their father, BB 408b16 . atnaid id im choiss indaro fi(u)r . . . Docuirethar iarum ina deguid aitherruch (the withe) comes back after him, i.e. springs off (?), RC x 214 .

Later with indep. pron.: co tarla co Beind E. hí she came to, Ériu iii 152 . co ttarla é go Magh Line, BS 104 . tarlu go teach Laidchinn é, Keat. ii 6282 . co tarla Cormac ┐ isi ar oentaig fo cleith, Lec. 366b25 . lucht in feruinn cusa tárla é (of one cast on shore), Laws i 204 Comm. dorala he (Cain) a mbroind Euba in tan do thomail int uball was conceived, Lec. 385a20 ; ? cf. ba hé tatharla inna broind, IT i 139 (LU) = is he tathlai it bruinn, Eg. dusrala iad a n-ailén aili, RC xxvi 138 . mar dorala a n-imfhoixe chomraic na Fraingce íad as they approached the frontier, Fl. Earls 30 . rothimchill cach a chēle dīb . . . ┐ dorala 'n-a comracaib iad they engaged in combat, Celt. Rev. x 314 . ó tharla gan chroidhe dho é seeing he hath no heart to it, Proverbs xvii 16 . durson damsa . . . na mígníma sin do dēnam dam, gid tre anfhis ┐ aneolus dorala iat they have come to pass, Celt. Rev. vii 116 .

(c) do-m-cuirethar do (ar, fri) lit. it puts me to (on, towards), hence I meet, come upon, come across: docuirethar Banba doib i Sleibh M., Leb. Gab.(i) 250 (possibly pers. constr.). docuiridar simind dóib, RC xxvi 10 (LL). conustarla do díb latrandib he met two robbers, Lat. Lives 90 . tarrla ríg Laighen dóibh, Imr. Brain i 66 . co tarla do sē meic dēg Amalgaid, Lec. 124b26 . tarla dhóib a n-esgcaraid, SG 8 . tárla dh'a chéile iat, ML 16 . tarla da chēli . . . clanna Neill ┐ clanna Chaeman, Lec. 171b41 . ni tharla dia muinntir badēin é, Fl. Earls 28 . go ttárla Carbre ┐ rígh bhfear gC. air a chēile, CF 276 (Eg.). go dtarla é ré moghaibh came upon slaves, Keat. iii 2146 . In reciprocal sense: conustarla do Meidb ┐ do Thindi M. and T. met, Ériu ii 178 . tarla do and ┐ d'Adhamhnan, BB 233b3 . co tarla dō ┐ do Dairi ingen Cathair, 6 . dorala do Césair féin ┐ do lucht innsi Bretain C. and the people . . . encountered each other, CCath. 182 . batar maic Miled bliadain i comrige . . . co tarla doib im na trib druimnib until they quarrelled about, Lec. 30b4 . dorala dam arair fri muintir C. I had a quarrel with, MacCongl. 53 . Cf. further: dorala fri Connacht co mór, ōir do marbsat-som a brāithri he was in feud with C., ZCP i 103 , where the construction may be personal (as in III (b) below).

(d) do-cuirethar form (dul, etc.), lit. it puts on me, hence it is incumbent on me, I must: docorastar fair dul do acallaim na hingine it behoved him (?), TBFr. 13 (but perh. pers. constr. `he took upon himself', Gloss.). docorustair fair techt a Manaind, Corm. Y 1059 . co tarla fair techt i n-ailithre (of Colum C.), Lec. 369b9 .

(e) do-cuirethar etarru they fall out, quarrel: cēin co tochra etraibh fein until you quarrel, BNnÉ 90 . tachair eter na mnaibh, ib. darala eturru ic imbert ḟidchilli ┐ Fergus F. and he quarrelled, LL 103b39 . dorala eturru ┐ Munramar, Ériu i 124 . dorala etorra ┐ clann ócc iarla D., AFM v 1718 . 1874 . dorala itir Luicet ┐ Aed . . . isin chath engaged each other, RC v 197 . go tarrla iter Aichlech ┐ Oedh B. gur fersat comlann fria chēli, Fianaig. 94 . go tarla itir in ríg ┐ in rígain, SG 250 . co tarla eatorro im na tri ndromandaib, BB 42b34 = co tarla doib, Lec. 30b4 . tarrla eturru immon n-es, Acall. 7286 . conad impi sein tarla eturru, LL 242a40 .

III During the Mid. Ir. period, when the infixed pron. began to lose its significance, do-cuirethar and esp. the perf. dorala came to be regarded as an intrans. vb. in personal construction in sense of happens to be (come); it is, however, impossible to decide whether the vb. is pers. or impers. in the sing. except in cases where the accompanying noun has distinct forms for nom. and accus.

(a) Of rest, condition: bid hé dochorad and, BDD § 66 YBL = comad he notocrad and, Eg. = co mbad sé nobeth and, LU; ib. § 54 . ní tharla bó isin recleis ind inbhaid sin, Lat. Lives 72 . ní faca riamh abhann ann, ┐ ó tharla an abhann ann, as greama mur tharrla in droichid tairsi as the river is there, it is well there is a bridge across it, Imr. Brain i 64 . is ann dorála in rí ind uair sin, fó bun darach, SG 413 . an eich dorala foa on which he was mounted, AFM vi 2216 . tug . . . urchor do cloich tarla ina láimh which chanced to be in his hand, iv 788 . dorala ambassadóir righ S. sa gcathraigh in tan sin, Fl. Earls 22 . tarla an uair sin duine uasal . . . i bpríosún ag an bprionnsa, Keat. iii 5027 . tarla an tan soin neach cumhachtach 'n-a bhíodhbhadh ag C., ii 4847 . dorala ben an oirchinnigh ag gabail secha . . ., BS 50 . is ann doralae Onchu mac S. marb sechtmain reimhe O. had happened to die a week before, BColm. 46 . doralatar in dā hapstail [déc] uile i n-oen tegdais, PH 5560 . tarladar ceathrar do chloinn C. 'n-a ngiallaibh ag Niall, Keat. ii 5956 . tarladar triúr mac aige he had three sons, 4844 . do chidhfedh mar tharla an tír he would see the country's plight, O'Gr. Cat. 466 .

(b) With prep., etc., denoting motion: is annsin dorala Becuma amach ar an ḟaithche chanced to come out, Ériu iii 162 . ised dorala anair he came from the east, RC xiii 379 . co tacradh ass a bhiadh cōir do chāch, IT iii 188 . co tocraitis asa tíribh do décsain . . . crotha Hectoir they would have come, TTr.² 1091 . doluid A. for iarraid usci ┐ dorala cosin tobur cétna, RC xxiv 198 . dia tarla sí cusin mbandtrebthaig, IT i 48 . ni thacēra d'iarmēirge, Cog. 225 (LL) = ni ticfa don ērmēirge, 10 . araili ailitir dorala do Toirinis, Todd Nenn. 212 . rosirius Magh Fáil . . . tairlius do Cill Uí S., BS 48 . docurethar in lia forru anair the stone lights on them, TBC-I¹ 1415 (LU). doleig side in gae bulgae . . . co tochrastar annuass for a chathbarr, IT ii1 184 . dorala menma Faelain fuirri, RC xxvii 262 . dorála menma a mátha(i)r uirre, RC xxix 120 . conidh hí comairle forsa tarrla the plan he hit upon, CCath. 1378 (perh. impers.). (With reflex. pron.) dosraladar for merugud they began to wander astray, RC xxiv 196 = SG 328 . is mairg ances a bidbaid | in n-inbaid dochora il-lén when he falls into misfortune, LL 146b38 ( PRIA xix 544 ). lēicid C. in gae fair . . . conid anuas docorastar (tocorastar, LU) in-a mullach, TBC-I¹ 1296 . Cf. 3664 . docoras[tar] casal di nim i n-ucht Pátraic, Trip.² 1228 (impers.?). rotheilg L. in ngai . . . co tarlai il-Laeg, RC iii 178 . tharla tuagh Bhrodair i gceann Bhriain, Ériu i 88 . tus in tochrad i m-aigid to see whether she would meet me, Aen. 626 . dochear Lugaid Riabnderg do chumaid a mna . . . ┐ man a claidem fodein dorala he fell on his own sword (?), Lec. 588a43 . cia tochra int espach eturru though the onlooker should come between them, Laws ii 294 Comm.

(c) Folld. by DO (also AR, FRI) meets, comes upon, falls in with (in some of the follg. exx. the earlier meaning of the vb., not that of an intrans. vb. of motion, is still apparent): dogabh ag luamhairecht an curaigh co tarrla oilen ingnadh dō, Ériu iii 156 . docuir Nae an colum da fis an faighbeadh talamh . . . ┐ tarla dō an talumh ina roibhe, etc., Lib. Flav. i 10a30 . docurastar dam lethbarghen cruithnechta ┐ ordu ēisc = I found, got, RC x 90 (perh. impers.). tarla int ailen-sa ar A., ZCP ii 298 . docuiridar Bricriu dóib forsind ḟaithche, LL 186a42 = RC xxvi 12 . tachraid bocht dó ar in conair, Lism. L. 4305 (docuirethar, v.l.). tús . . . in taichēradh dō aen duine, Aen. 290 . dorala dam forsin sét mo choimdiu Ísu, PH 1892 . doralai dias fer n-arsatai dóib, SG ii 467 . co tarla do in bantrebtach, Hy. v 73 Comm. ( Thes. ii 345 ). co ttarla ben-gheilt dó ann, BS 108 . do bhrígh nach dtárla dhamh mo dhearbráthair T., 2 Cor. ii 13 . dochuir Banba doib, Lec. 28a30 . do-ralatar a námaitt dó, BColm. 94 . tarladur na trí righdha so da chéle, ZCP ii 38 . is mairg ar a tocherat, TBC-LL¹ 5707 . tárla bean air, Proverbs vii 10 . go dtarladar trí mic C. orra, Keat. ii 1300 ; 1273 . amail doraladar forsin topur, RC xxiv 202 . dorála a chos fri cloich, SG 403 . tárla trócaire ┐ fírinne ré chéile, Psalms lxxxv 10 . do mharbhsat gach a dtarla riú do lucht an bhaile, Keat. iii 5242 . doraladar a triur frisin n-uasal, YBL 191a16 . go dtarladar ladrainn ris, TSh. 1450 .

(d) With FRI encounters, opposes (this use is spec. frequent with the late form tachraid): roḟācaib [Fiacha] a clanna dia ēis . . . do thochar ria Padraic . . . ┐ ni tharla neach aile do cloind Ḟiachach fris acht Fothad F. amain, Lec. 143a37 . ni thagraim leat, a L., | ná re Tadg ré dtarlabhair with whom you are engaged in dispute, Content. xi 15 . mairg thochras ri clērchib cell, LL 149b26 = thochrus fri, SG 70 , 78 . gach nech tochrus ré rí[g] réil, Fianaig. 80 . tachraid re chele, Caithr. CC 52 . ba tresi nā gach trēn rotac[h]rad fris, BB 488b24 . baoi do mhéd a mhenman . . . go ttochairfedh friú, AFM v 1766 . ēcoir d'Fathod tachair frim . . . | ní do deoin Luighdech Meic Con | do thaichérad frim Fathod, Acall. 1137 . gomtis ionchatha ┐ co ttochraitis friu, Leb. Gab.(i) 144 . i mbeilgibh bélchumhgaibh i ttoc[h]raittís re aroile, AFM vi 2112 .

(e) With DO falls to the lot of, happens to, befalls (rarely in this sense with infd. dat. pron. instead of do): nachustarla anfaitchess may negligence never come upon them, BColm. 50 . dorala cōir gāithi doib fochedoir, Lec. 569a25 . co tarla anfud mór doib, Hy. v 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 328 ). co tarla doib imsreang curad (i.e. they engaged in struggle), Lec. 352a44 . Fiacha Fear dā liach . . . .i. liach do cach echt dorala do, 337b42 . cia imned dorala duib?, ACL iii 225 . dorala gnim n-ingnad do he happened to do a strange thing, Ériu v 114 . o tharla dhuit an gním olc, SG 29 . gia nothachrad écht dó, TBC-LL¹ 1180 . cia and do ná tochradar | bét no bine nó baeghul?, ZCP iv 468 . do Chonall dorala imdegail in chóicid it fell to C. to guard, TBC-I¹ 592 LU. rolaesead dā mac Miled crandchar iar sin forsan aes dāna .i. file ┐ cruitire . . . do Erimon dorala in file, BB 42b13 . certar crandchor léo dūs cia do thoc[h]radh dul . . . Dochuir (dofuit, v.l.) son don tres comalta, RC x 78 . rolaset chrandchor . . . conid don dull dorala tec[h]t sis, Hy. v 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 328 ). is ann dorala dosom a denam, Hy. i Pref . ( Thes. ii 298 ). is grad epscuip dorala do epscop Mél do thabairt for Brigit, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 330 ). condarala di turgnom catha Findchorad she happened to be preparing for, Ériu ii 184 . as ag an mbile sin dorala do Dhomhnall do ueith, BS 16 . dia tochrad dó Hectoir do thuitim leis, TTr.² 973 . as maith tarrla dúind an chailleach do marbudh it is well for us that we have killed, Imr. Brain i 65 . dorala do B. beith ag saigdeoracht, Todd Nenn. 38 . is amlaid dorala do C. beith ┐ ingen alaind aici in tan sin C. happened to have a beautiful daughter, Lec. 168b16 . condusrala do Meidb dola co Boind, Ériu ii 178 . dorala intan sin do M. condacaid aislingi, ACL iii 10 . tarla dona beachuibh co ndeachadur . . ., Ériu ii 82 . tarla do beirt saighdiuir go ndechator astech i n-aroile egluis, Fl. Earls 60 .

(f) Hence in general sense of comes to pass, happens, takes place (chiefly in perf. dorala, tarla). With noun as subj. often in sense of there was , or in impers. constr. with inf. phrase or subord. sent.: forcaemnacair (.i. tarla), ACL iii 10 . in tan dorala in scēl-sa and when this event took place, PH 46 . cethracha rig dorala frisrohicad borama | o aimsir Thuathail . . . there were forty kings, Lec. 40b28 (perh. rather to be referred to II (a) = dorala cethrachait r.). ní tharla il-leitrib na lāidib . . . aen-triar ban neither in books nor songs is found a trio, 395a13 (II (a)?). go ttárla sneachta mór fán am sin ann, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . tárla méad meanman na bhfoireann ar gcriothnughadh na long the courage of the crew was aroused, ML 46 . tarla iomchaineadh . . . eitir M. ┐ mhnáoi oile a dispute arose, BS 142 . tarla imressan eturru, Acall. 2717 . an ferand fa tharla imresuin adrum-sa ┐ C., BCC 179 . darala debaigh mor etarru, YBL 164b10 . tohruid (sic) frithnois fuigill etorro an altercation arises, Cog. 142 = tohraid (sic) frithnos, 144 . gidh bedh tochrus do bar comhrag-si whatever be the issue of your combat, Aen. 2968 (= quo res cumque cadent, Aeneid xii 203 ). maith tharla it is well, Keat. ii 4725 . dorala . . . Gortigernd mac G. do gabail airdrigi Breatan, Todd Nenn. 74 . amal dorala na dūile do chumscugud oc cēsad Crist, PH 1078 . dorala conid si sein aimser . . . (= contigit quod), Lat. Lives 5 . dorala co ndechsat immach (= casu accidit ut . . .), 76 . conid tairle co n-ebarthar mac ríg frim mac may it come to pass that, Ériu iv 24 . gé tharla gur fhōbair . . ., Fl. Earls 68 . dorala iar n-ég Gorthemuir . . . doronsat Saxain meabail for B., Todd Nenn. 102 .

IV Invites, summons (this sense may have arisen out of the meaning puts in cases where the vb. was folld. by co): gl. adsciscere, Ml. 25c13 , Sg. 6b18 , 16b8 , 61a7 ; arcessere, Sg. 184a2 ; citare, Ml. 3a1 ; exciere, 16c6 , 18d6 ; invitare, 29b1 , O'Mulc. 527 ; postulare, Corm. Y 77 . tocuiriur etrum indiu inna huli nert-so fri cech nert I summon today all those powers (put . . . between me and?), Hy. vi 48 ( Thes. ii 357 ). docuirethar cétna persan sin persana aili chucae takes other persons to it, Sg. 191a2 . docuiredar gōi, inairben fīr; tocuiredar ēcert, inarben cert, ZCP xii 364 . tócurid [in comdiu] dochum nimi chuci lucht na deirce, FA 1 (LU). tocuirid na sualchi, dichurid na dualchi, PH 5614 , cf. 4992 - 5 . intí is cendais . . . tócuired in fergach co mín (= revocet), 5829 . muna tocuirit fein chuca iat, Laws v 458 Comm. rotochuir an tír chucca, Hugh Roe 36 . rostochuir ┐ rostiomairg fine Gaoidil, Leb. Gab.(i) 234 . rotocuirisdair G. cuice dā druid dēg, Todd Nenn. 90 . romtochuirseat ina ndocum, CCath. 983 . tochuirter iatt gusin gcaislēn, Fl. Earls 70 . co tocuiredh Eoin . . . ó Ispís ad Bathmos, BB 10a4 . rotochuiredh do a brathair, LL 402b52 . rotocuiret dia indsaighidh a slōigh, 404b39 . rodocuirit (ro tochuiritt, v.l.) Dailcais uli cucu, Cog. 74 .

do-scé(u)lai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-scé(u)lai or dil.ie/18447

Forms: doscéulaim, dusceulai, dosceulai, tosceuli, toscelai, tosceli, dusceula, dussceulat, dusceulub, nachat-toscelfat, taiscéltae, taiscélad, taiscélaid

v (* to-sceul-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 617 ) Indic. pres. 1 s. doscéulaim, Sg. 145b2 . 3 s. dusceulai, Ml. 68d12 , 102a22 . dosceulai, Thes. ii 39.29 . tosceuli, 25 . ni toscelai , Bvi 56 ( Thes. ii 35 ). ni tosceli , BCr. 32b7 ( Thes. ii 18 ). Subj. pres. 3 s. dusceula, Ml. 95c4 . 3 pl. dussceulat, 83b8 . Fut. 1 s. dusceulub, Ml. 59a2 . 3 pl. nachat-toscelfat, 107c11 . Part. taiscéltae. Vn. taiscélad. Later as simple vb. taiscélaid.

(a) finds out, ascertains: gl. experiri, Sg. 145b2 , and constantly in Ml.; explorare, Ml. 68c10 . Later oft. with added notion of finding out secretly, spying: ar na taiscelad nech dib eter a biad-som do blassacht so that none of them might find out his food to taste it, RC viii 54 ( LL 115b2 ). ité cetnai thorscelsat epert techta isna sidhe, BB 34b43 . batar cartanaigh . . . imoroile . . . o rotaiscelsat airrdhe ┐ innethem cechtar n-ae uaidhibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 224 . is mor do guasachtaibh catha ┐ comluinn rotaiscelsubair maille frim you have experienced, CCath. p. 46 n. 1 .

(b) makes known, discloses, reveals: is ingen Iepte cetatosceoil ingena oc duchann la Ebru ó dingnu do dingna who first made known (introduced) (the custom of) maidens chanting (cf. Judges xi 37 , 38 ), O'Mulc. 213 . is accu ro taiscelad ar tús cíchi ban do nochtad, LL 13765 . Eocha Feidlech . . . cetatoscel fedli do comrac la cethrai, 298 . iarnnberla . . . ar a duibe in belrae ┐ ar a dorchatae . . . co nāch erasa taisscelad ind it is not easy to communicate (?) anything in it, Corm. Y 755 = taiscélad trit-sin, LB. Cf. in fil ni asa toirscelta dliged . . . athgabala, O'Curry 784 ( H 3.18 367a ). (morituros victurosque prosentiens atque denuncians) an uair taisgeltus (= taisgēlus) ┐ foillsigios na daoine do gheibh beatha, 24 P 22, 5.11 . gach ni innarbtar ōn corp, dlighinn tuarascbail taisgelta na hesláinte do beth leis symptoms for diagnosis, 23 P 10, 27b5 (see taiscélad). an drong dheaghfhear nach dtréigead ┐ nách dtaisgéladh a dtighearna who would not abandon or betray, ML 86 .

imrosc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imrosc or dil.ie/28055

n o (lit. distorted sight ) error, mistake: cor marb cach dib féin a cheli isinn aidhche a n-imrusc, RC xviii 273.5 . lachain ... cia dopartar i n-i.¤ aidchi ... i cairi for tenidh `though they were put by mistake of night ... into a pot upon a fire,' Todd Nenn. 216.13 (= imroll aidci, Fél. 228.27 ). dorignes in t-imroscc cétnai, a Domnaill, LB 114 , marg. inf. caidhē na trī hiomruisg is doilge leat dorinnis ariamh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1525. slan imroisc (v.l. imreisc) duib-se .i. rop slan sib-se o cach aiscc, ZCP iii 233 § 17. Cf. imresc.

1 son

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 son or dil.ie/38456

Forms: son

n o, m. (Lat. sonus) son m., IGT Decl. § 96 .

I

(a) a sound : s.¤ .i. guth, Lec. Gl. 408 . s.¤ .i. guth no glór, O'Cl. do soun .i. do foghar, Auraic. 4697 . is ilar són hua cheill ciasu huathatae ho sun `it is plural in sense, though it is singular in sound', Ml. 45b20 . in dírṡuidigud ceille no suin `the derivation of sense or sound', Sg. 188a8 . ní o foilsigud suin ┐ gotho, 200a6 . da s.¤ són gl. duae . . . voces, 73b5 . ponc bis itir da ṡ. `a point which is between two sounds', 150b1 . caiti guth? comacomal soin, esargnodh aeoir, O'Dav. 811 . s.¤ (.i. sonus) in cetail, Thes. ii 320.62 ( Hy. ii ). is de asberar Ocharbel de fo araile fer ba h-eochair bél dó oc labrad dia ṡun, LL 193a15 . co closs . . . s.¤ a gotha in scolaigi oc cetul a shalm, MacCongl. 13.9 . s.¤ a gotha Colaim cille | mór a binde os gach cler, BCC 62 . cia s.¤ ger, Auraic. 254 .

(b) a word, a name : s.¤ .i. focal, Lec. Gl. 3 . s.¤ .i. focul, Metr. Gl. 26 § 26 . oc saigid for sunu disputing as to words, Wb. 12b23 . rúna do thabairt a óensonaib `to bring hidden meanings out of single words', 12a10 . is gnath hi salmaib aitherrech forsna sunu cétnai , Ml. 133d2 . ond sun grecda as noma , Sg. 27b15 . huare nád robatar suin do ṡlund in dúildetad, 45b1 . for s.¤ ceneoil ind imfrecrai `upon a word of the corresponding sort', Auraic. 924 .

II In prepositional phrases with ar (earlier for, see Wortk. 201 ).

(a) instead of, in place of: pronomen .i. ar s.¤ anma, Ir. Gl. 996 . sgairb is brēg ar s.¤ fers, ZCP ix 174 § 31 . ní fríth dí acht ferann ar s.¤ a bó instead of her cows, BColm. 92.3 . .ccc. bo cranda co lin[n]paitib . . . ina [n]gablaib ar s.¤ delae `in lieu of udder', RC xv 439.9 ( Dinds. 46 ). sgriobhthar go minic cuid dona consainibh ar s.¤ a cheile, mar ata c ar s.¤ g., RC iv 355.16 . cuirthear an uimhir chinnte . . . ar s.¤ nuimhreach éigcinnte, TSh. 7861 . síodh ar s.¤ an pheacaidh, DDána 15.17 . ná bíodh ar s.¤ a séad mbuadha | . . . | acht rádh go rabhsad uair éigin `there shall be nothing of their precious treasures . . . save the saying that once upon a time they were', TD 16.21 .

(b) by way of, for, like : sernnaid sreith . . . 'mondeclais . . . for s.¤ reilgce, SR 4411 (`nach Art eines Friedhofs', Wortk. 201 ). siat fein ar na ndicendadh-side ar s.¤ escarat `as if they were enemies', CCath. 6002 .

(c) in requital for, in return for, for : gach droch-ni dognithi fair, as ní maith dogniodh san ara sh.¤ , BNnÉ 123.2 . gan ulc do thabairt ar s.¤ n-uilc, Desid. 1493 . nach deárnaidh leoir-ghníomh iomlán air s.¤ a bpeacadh, Donlevy 48.6 . do chionn nach dearna tú serbhís dot Thighearna . . . ar s.¤ iomadamhlas an uile neithe `for the abundance of all things', Deuteronomy xxviii 47 . nár dhamhsa gan dol red chois | ar s.¤ t'annsa ┐ t'ionnamhois `in requital for thy affection', TD 14.32 . fear íoca ar s.¤ fíona, ITS xvii 124.297 .

(d) for the sake of: ar s.¤ an ciniuda daona, Rawl. B 512, 41c . do crochadh . . . ar ar soinne, Desid. 4927 . lóir-ghníomh do dhéanamh ar s.¤ na marbh, TSh. 3946 . meinic fríoth céad da gach crodh | . . . | ar s.¤ clú an mhongabhraigh mhoill `to uphold the repute', TD 33.13 . slánaighthear ar s.¤ Muire, Aithd. D. 78.41 . gur iongnadh dhamh-sa | dol ar s.¤ a mhac samhla `to come forward to defend a man like him', Content. xvi 92 . fulang . . . gach eugcóra . . . air s.¤ Dé, Donlevy 172.11 . dá mbeith sluagh Éireann d'éanláimh | 'na n-aghaidh is é ar a s.¤ as long as he was on their side, TD 8.38 . léarab gnáth a chomhmaoidheamh gurab ar a s.¤ féin bhíos, Desid. 4633 .

(e) on account of, because of: da n-dleasdá ni badh misi do bérdis ar a s.¤ therefore, TBC-LL¹ p. 197 n. 5 (St.). ag iarroidh toibhéimi do thabhairt dár ndíthcheall ar s.¤ simplidheachta na sttíli, Desid. 40 . is iad na fīgid geala is fearr dībh ar s.¤ shēime a substainti, RSláinte 5137 . is ar a s.¤ sin bís easba lae ar an ésga i mí iuil, O'Gr. Cat. 323.19 . ar s.¤ na gclódh do chuaidh thríot [sic leg.], Dán Dé iii 9 . ar s.¤ a gcreidimh, Fl. Earls 24.9 . ar s.¤ na faisnéise deimhnighthe on the score of definite evidence, TSh. 3230 . cailltear lán luinge ar s.¤ aon duine amháin `a ship is (often) lost with all on board on account of one man', Ir. Prov. 329 . Folld. by verbal noun clause: doronsatt sith ar s.¤ an baili do loscad le hEmann Buitiller, Ann. Conn. 1307.6 . na dena tnuth re duine diabhlaidhi ar s.¤ a ueth saidhbhir on account of his being rich, Ériu v 126.17 . ar ḟéin Finn is maoidhte an gleo | ar s.¤ mogha do theacht leo, Content. vi 133 . do ordaigh dhóibh . . . | . . . | dul ar eachtra leath ar leath | ar s.¤ gan teachta ar taithleach because they had not repented, DDána 5.27 . Folld. by rel. clause: an treas tarba ar s.¤ a ngnāthuigid na dáine na tortha do chaithim, RSláinte 5225 .

(f) In adv. phr. ara sh.¤ sin nevertheless : an tan nach bí a mbaoghal a chinn do bhuain fán bfhárdhorus íslighidh í féin ar a sh.¤ sin ní sa mhó, Desid. 1923 . do bhí an ríghe ar a sh.¤ soin | aca 's gan iad i dTeamhraigh `they held the kingship all the same', Content. vi 161 .

(g) In conjunctions. ar s.¤ mar because: ar s.¤ mar dorindis hí because you have made it, BCC 65 . ro buí se ag imdhergadh . . . a muindtiri ar s.¤ mar tugadar cum catha a n-aghaidh Ercuil é, Stair Erc. 1596 . ar s.¤ co because: manus recta .i. lamh direch, ar s.¤ gor direch ina oibrighibh é, BCC 255 . ni tic fuacht na grend roim an fiabras so, ar s.¤ gurub isna cuislennuibh ata in fuil doní an fuil (leg. fiabras), Rosa Angl. 24.14 . as uime adeirthear neamhghlan rú ar s.¤ go ttiaguid a mbrígh chonnsuineadh, IGT Introd. 5.12 . ni har s.¤ na mesci fen acht ar s.¤ co tic sceathrach . . . na diaigh, O'Gr. Cat. 216.31 . although: ar s.¤ go sealbhuighim sibh | d'U Dhomhnaill tar fonn bFionntain though I present thee to O'Donnell, Studies 1919, 440 § 14 . ar s.¤ nár fógradh mé, a Mhór, | do dhruim a ḟeirge d'ḟadódh `although I have not been outlawed for enkindling his wrath', TD 15.9 . ar s.¤ nách fuiltear réidh ruibh `although you are at variance', 2.42 . gidheadh, ar s.¤ go n-imeóchthá, fáguibh do chroidhe fá riom, Desid. 7011 . ar s.¤ nar bh'fhíor a rádh ruibh, Aithd. D. 41.18 .

III With i: rotbe mo bennacht hi s.¤ forbbae instead of , Rawl. 124a43 . romarbad he i Fafaind i s.¤ aire rig Temra `for satirizing the king of Tara, RC xv 307.4 ( Dinds. 15 ).