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ar-icc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-icc or dil.ie/4161

Forms: ar-icc, -airicc, -airic, -airicc, arrecat, -arget, arecar, -airecar, aranecatar, arrecaiter, -ierichter, -arí, -airi, -airsead, arisar, aranísar, arahīssed, -airsitis, arista, aristae, -airesta, arricfam, ar(r)icfe, arricfa, araanic, -airnicc, -fairnic, -farnaic, -airnettar, -airnechtatar, -fairnechtar, arícht, -airecht, airicta, arriachta, airged, arath, -airg[f]e, fuircéba, furcéba, -fargebasu, -arnecair, arriacht, ariacht, arerāncatar, -airnecht, arrancas, airnechta, air(i)cid, aircestar, airic, ḟairig, airich, hairced, hairged, airec, airechtain

v (* air-icc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 552 ). Sometimes with initial f in prot. forms. Indic. pres. 3 s. ar-icc, BDD² 1306 . -airicc, Wb. 9b24 . -airic, 19b2 . -airicc, Sg. 137b4 . 3 pl. arrecat, LU 1746 . -arget, LL 344d47 . Pass. sg. arecar, Sg. 59a7 . 66b16 . 137b2 . 145b3 . -airecar, 20a9 , 145b3 , 162a1 , 173b6 . Pl. aranecatar, Sg. 8a5 , 65a11 . Ml. 19d21 . arrecaiter, Hib. Min. 2.30 . ? -ierichter, IT iii 24.23 . Subj. pres. 3 s. -arí, -airi, Ml. 30d24 . ? 3 pl. -airsead (= airset), Laws iv 130.13 Comm. Pass. sg. arisar, Ml. 30d23 . aranísar, Sg. 209b13 . Subj. impf. 3 s. arahīssed, Corm. Y 825 . 3 pl. -airsitis, Vita Br. 1 . Pass. sg. arista, Sg. 184b3 . aristae, Ml. 110d6 . -airesta, Ériu ii 98 § 1 . Fut. 1 s. arricfam (aricfam, ar(r)icfe v.ll.), Fél. Dec. 30 . 3 s. arricfa, LU 7343 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. araanic, Sg. 217a4 . -airnicc, Trip.² 1257 . -fairnic, Anecd. iii 57.27 . -farnaic, SR 3736 . 3 pl. -airnettar (read -airnectar, Sarauw, Irske Studier 139 ), Ml. 108c8 . -airnechtatar (airnecht— v.l.), Trip.² 1110 . -fairnechtar, LL 276b3 . Pass. sg. arícht, Sg. 197a11 . -airecht, 198b3 . Pl. airicta, Hib. Min. 8.265 . arriachta, Auraic. 1110 .

Later forms. ? Ipv. 2 s. air .i. éirigh, O'Cl. ? 3 s. airged (= eirged, text), RC xxi 380.14 v.l. ? Subj. 3 s. arath, LL 394.56 . Fut. 2 s. (forms with -éb- are due to infl. of fut. of gaibid): -airg[f]e, TBC-LL¹ 854 ( -fuaircifesa, TBC-I¹ 354 = fuircéba, LU 4843 = furcéba, ZCP ix 129.36 , included under fo-ricc). 1 pl. -airg[f]em, TBC-LL¹ 849 (cf. -fairgēbasu, TBC-I¹ 349 . LU 4838 . -fargebasu, ZCP ix 129.30 ). Pret. and perf. 3 s. -arnecair, TBC-LL¹ 2983 . ? arriacht, RC xii 80 § 74 . ariacht, xxiv 178.7 (infl. of ar-saig?). 3 pl. arerāncatar, ZCP viii 308.34 . Pass. sg. -airnecht, Thes. ii 348.1 , SR 2705 (see GOI p. 440 ). arrancas, SR 1249 . Pl. airnechta, Hib. Min. 8.262 .

As simple vb. air(i)cid. pret. 3 s. ro aircestar , CCath. 993 . ro airic , ZCP iv 239.12 . ro ḟairig , 240.2 . ro airich , RC xii 96 § 125 . Pass. sg. ro hairced , TTr.² 368 . ro hairged , RC xii 78 § 69 .

Vn. airec, airechtain.

(a) comes upon, meets, finds: issed inso nad chumaing aranísar and `'tis this which cannot be found there', Sg. 209b13 . inmain féil . . . / i ṅairecht . . . / corpán . . . S. `in which the body of S. was found', Fél. Aug. 3 . co n-airesta ┐ co fogabtha set bethad `might be ascertained', Ériu ii 98 § 1 . ferr in cosmail caol fodae / dūs in airsed (airsidh v.l.) ecc occa in the expectation that he might meet death there(?), ZCP vii 311 § 15 . ní arnic A. a dáil A. did not keep his tryst, LU 10767 (= Ériu xii 170 , fairnicc v.l.). is hé arddaánaic acht .u. oss arránic in slóg ule díib it is he who got them except five deer which the rest of the army got, LU 4660 ( TBC-I¹ 197 ). arránic-som . . . maiss n-óir, Trip.² 1057 . arrecat abaind they meet a river, LU 1746 . Ceasair . . . cetna arriocht (.i. rainicc) Éri reached, Leb. Gab.(i) 8.3 . deda airegar ann, BB 323b33 . arrecaiter . . . da gne for suidiu, IT iii 8 § 8 . ? tenecol nach traigedhdubh / airegar i n-airegal, 89 § 110 . ind inchinnib dracon arrecar (of a precious stone), Ériu ii 116 § 46 . aranic rainn de o . . . some of it he got from . . ., ZCP ii 322.11 . fer laisi fuirecar set . . . .i. ac a nairgither, Laws v 262.23 Comm. na bésa arichta on maighister, Lism. L. 3961 . a tri on airecur tol Dé, LB 71 marg. is Dala fodessin ros airnecht dó `D. himself that discovered it for him', Dinds. 58 ( RC xv 454 ).

Perh. intrans. in: cia arránic? what has happened? LU 6363 (TBC). Note also: ni arnecair úad a rádha acht Fiach Fiach (ni tairnic les do rada acht F.F. v.l.) all he could say was F.F., TBC-LL¹ 2983 (cf. 645 , 2071 ). See cíar(r)icc.

(b) effects, contrives, brings to pass (freq. with vn. obj.): ní airic ní césad crist gl. Christus gratis mortuus est, Wb. 19b2 . ar-icc arechtain cacha himdae . . . di lind he contrives to serve each bed(?), BDD² 1306 . nuchun airrecht in druí mór nimthathand a tuarascbáil do thabairt ó sin immach, MU² 785 and n . is amlaid so arricht compert Bresi `came to pass', RC xii 60.7 . ? co n-airnecht a (om. v.l.) inndliged friss he was treated unjustly(?) (con-airicc ?), Anecd. ii 42.7 .

(c) devises; composes, invents: aire arrancas in crann ṅgúr (hypermetr.) for this the tree was devised, SR 1249 . lais cetna airnecht in sain . . ., 2705 . coimsid . . . las' n-airnecht a n-ōenach n-ān `the lord . . . by whom was established the famous Fair', Ériu xvii 38 § 8 . A.¤ Mac Coissi arainic in n-airec menman-sa, Anecd. ii 42.4 . is e Cendfaelad arainig in lebar-sa who composed this book, Auraic. 81 . Of inventing an implement: resiu arista brao `before a quern was invented', Sg. 184b3 . F. . . . cruisech la gae inhEire ise roairnecht, Rawl. 143a52 . is leis ariact carpaid cetra n-each, BB 254b13 .

(d) decides on, purposes: is i comarli arranic, LU 6143 (TBC). issi comuirle arriacht Nuadha `the decision to which N. came', RC xii 80 § 74 . conadh i comhairle arriacht lá cleirchibh Éireann, AFM ii 952.11 . conid e aireacc arrainicc leo corbmac . . . dfaoidhedh, iii 320.6 . issed tra arrícht occo and sin im dála dilgotha that was what was decided by them, LU 9783 ( RC vi 165.6 ). is ed arrícht leo Eochaid do marbad, Ériu xii 190.17 .

1 bé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bé or dil.ie/5502
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: Bée, béithe, beith, mbéithe

n n., later f. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 113 and Études Celt. xxv 123-24 . n s. b.¤ nAnand, Corm. Y 104. a mb.¤ , SR 5974. in b.¤ thondgel, LL 18500. g s. Bée, LL 27711. d s. do b.¤ , TFerbe 64 . Mod. g s. na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . d s. don bhéith ghlain, O'Rah. 154.5. n pl. béithe, ZCP v 229.26 (Midn. Court). g pl. beith, Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . mbéithe, ZCP v 226.10 (Midn. Court).

Woman: Brigit b.¤ bithmaith `ever excellent woman', Thes. ii 325.15 , glossed: ben ut dicitur b.¤ bind .i. ben find, 29 . bē nē[i]t (.i. badb) .i. bē ben ┐ nēt cath . . . Inde dicitur: `b. nét fort,', Corm. Y 168. Brigit bē n-ēxe . . . B.¤ bē legis, ┐ B. bē goibne (sic leg.) ingena in Dagda goddess, 150 . b.¤ find fors ṅdestatar deirgindlid áir (rhetoric), BDD² 306. be ḟind ḟota ḟoltlebor, IT i 69 § 4. a bē, ZCP viii 102.15 (B. na f., 557.17 ). a mb.¤ n-aill, LL 21147. b.¤ adbul Heriu, 1651 . do b.¤ thastil female messenger, TFerbe 64 . cain-be fial forssaid ḟindnar, SR 3700. co tucas-sa in mb.¤ sáir sláin / Aife, Ériu iv 154.26 . seimigud b immorro .i. a bhen, a bhan, a bhe binn, Auraic. 1275. b.¤ ebraice (bath `daughter'? ed.), mulier latine , O'Mulc. 130. `b.¤' ben, Metr. Gl. 18 § 52. b.¤ .i. bean, O'Cl.

In Laws and glossaries in designations of classes of women. b.¤ carna wanton, harlot : cia ben is mesa do mnáib? Ni hansa. B. chārna, ZCP viii 113.12 . be carna .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). b.¤ charna .i. merdrech, ar dia ndech in ben co cuicir is b.¤ charna. fothad cairn .iiii. clocha, cloch fair is carnn iarum, O'Dav. 213 (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 108 ). b.¤ cétmuinterasa woman with standing of head of a household, chief wife (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46.28 ): mad be cetmunterasa techta, comaith ┐ comceniuil, Laws ii 380.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46 § 22 ). mad be cetmunterasa glossed: mad bean bus cetmuindter uais co dligthech, 382.4 Comm. b.¤ cuitgernsa `woman of condominium' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 218.18 ): ma co tir ┐ cetra ┐ intreb, ┐ mad comsair comtechta a cuma lanamnusa, ┐ is don ben sin asberar be cuitcernsa, ii 356.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 18.36 ). b.¤ n-imrama lit. wandering woman (a class of concubine) ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 64.25 , 96 f. ): nocon uil ni do do lamda . . . a be nimruma, uair ar a urail fein bis a chartach . . . ┐ nocon eadh bis . . . a be nimruma, Laws ii 400.15 Comm. be nimrama .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). sechtmud do i n-a dormain ┐ i n-a be n-imruma, Laws v 72.4 Comm. b.¤ n-indlis `non-owned woman', see Ériu xii 74.18 . a atitin a primmna ┐ a fine ata cach ben dib sain aicce cenmotha in be nindlis; ┐ a aititin a fir ata saide, Laws ii 400.26 Comm. b.¤ loirge: direnar b.¤ luirge lándire `a distaff woman', O'Gr. Cat. 145.19 (Nero A vii, 153b9). Cf. dorenar be loirge landire .i. ben conaire in filed, glossing lorg `road', O'Dav. 1155. b.¤ loiste loinetha woman of the kneading-trough and churn-dash: direnar . . . lándire b.¤ loisde luineatha alaile, O'Gr. Cat. 145.19. b.¤ roethine woman cast up by the sea?: be roethine .i. roethine mara dode-cuirethar .i. mairchor- (leg. muirchorthae, ed.), Ir. Recht 8 § 8. b.¤ tacuir foundling woman: b.¤ tacair do-renur cuic setaibh, a tri dibh a mamaib eca (leg. ecalsa, ed.) no (leg. ┐, ed.) ina dó eile ó feinib (finib, v. l.), Ir. Recht 6 , 7 § 7 , see ZCP xix 347. b.¤ táide lit. woman of a secret relation, i.e. in an irregular association with a man (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 99 , 100 ): baidsech cach be taide, no cach ben deirge lann (cf. . . . deiraig a lanamnus, v 456.22), Laws iv 58.26 Comm. merdrech [ut est] baitsech cach b.¤ táidhe (thaidhe, v.l.) `every secret woman', O'Dav. 306. b.¤ togu woman (with power) of choice (variously interpreted in Laws Comm.): be togai .i. togu an (leg. and ? ed.) imm a inchaib a ceile fa isint (leg. asint, ed.) seilb techtus di-rether .i. bancomarba lasmbi fer for bantindchur. be thoga .i. tic di co aos togai, na (leg. .i. or [atá] 'na, ed.) tagai, .i. im co fer theis fa in ngaba chaille . . . who has the choice as to whether she will be paid according to the status of her husband or according to her possessions . . . who is of an age to choose whether she will marry or take the veil, Ir. Recht 8 § 9.

Common in later poetry woman, maiden : rádha róchaoin bheóilín bhinn na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . is baoth don fhear do scar le béith bhig óig, xxxiv 1 . míle beith ghléigeal `a thousand fair ladies bright', Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . G., leannán béithe `beloved of women', O'Rah. 148.21. do screadadar béithe, 150.27 .

In nn. pr.: Fróech . . . mac side do B.¤ Find a sídib, TBFr. 2 (as b.¤ was orig. neut. the name Bé Finn > Bé Bind, later also Bé Ḟind). Bebinn ingen (sic leg.) Turgeis, Caithr. CC 27. is ed ainm dobered Midir dí B.¤ Ḟind (i.e. Étaín), TE² 180 § 10. B. Néit wife of Néit (a goddess of war): bē nē[i]t (.i. badb), Corm. Y 168. B.¤ nēid .i. Nēid nomen uiri. B.¤ eius Nemon, a ben, 181 . in b.¤ néit . . . .i. Enio, siur Mairt .i. dei in chatha, TTebe 3247 . co festais ca drem . . . din ro samaigfed in B.¤ níth-gubach Néit a neirt-bhríga, MR 242.1 . Aingene ainm ind fir ┐ Bee n-Aingeni ainm na mna, RC x 224 § 17. Be Chuille ┐ Dianand . . . na dí bantuathig, LL 1352. Bé Tuinde, Dinds. 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). In n. loc. oidhre Leice Bébhionn Lickpevune (Co. Kerry), AFM v 1628.21 .

1 cert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cert or dil.ie/8787
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cirt, ceirt, ceart, cirt, cearta

(Lat. certus). As adj. o, ā.

(a) correct, right, proper, fitting : is ámin tra as c.¤ in testimin-so, Ml. 62c7 . ni c.¤ ind ḟlesc sa huasind .m., Sg. 40b16 . foraice c.¤ `genau richtiger Wert', Cóic Con. 50 § 98 (see below under subst. use). cona tochmaghad a choir cirt, Ériu xiii 17.16 = c.¤ , O'Dav. 378 . cen claind cirt without ordinary children, LU 4305 ( SG 84.30 ). nocho ch.¤ na cubaid `it was not right or fitting', CRR 30.9 . nó go n-aimsear an uair cheart the destined hour, Dán Dé xvii 9 . stiúir cheart . . . na g-cóigeadhach (of a person), ML 86.7 . ní ceart d'ēinneach a rádh . . . it is wrong to say, Párl. na mB. 58 .

(b) fair, just : bad ch.¤ do cluchi frim fight fair, LU 5228 . breth ch.¤ , LL 30395 . comrama . . . / Cerbaill c[h]irt na náem `just', RC xxix 211 § 7 ( LL 6720 ).

(c) Of material objects etc. straight, even: sreth-linedha certa coiri, CCath. 5285 (`small', cf. 2 cert). baill certa comcoire, BB 427b15 . cetra colamna certa `straight', Stair Erc. 1377 . gersat certa . . . cimsa . . . catha, MR 254.4 . tennbhuille c.¤ casúir, IGT Decl. ex. 913 . dlúthmhong cheart, DDána 99.32 . slighe . . . cam cheart ` symmetrical ', Magauran 909 .

(d) Of numbers, quantities etc. exact, precise: co colainderce c.¤ `exact amount', Bretha 23 . da fítt ch.¤ chutrume `two exactly equal rations', Mon. Tall. 161.9 (§ 80) . deich mbliadna certa, BB 53a6 . tricha tren[ḟ]er ar cet c.¤ , MacCarthy 28.2 .

(e) Adv. ci[u]rt cóir `properly and rightly', cited GOI 239 from Laws ii 306.5 ( ZCP xiv 379 ). ní fail doruirme co c.¤ ` rightly ', Thes. ii 344.1 (Hy.v). cet co c.¤ `a hundred exactly', MacCarthy 314.z . go ceart indeed, Content. vi 242 . go ceart rómhad `straight before thee', Proverbs iv 25 .

(f) Compar. ní foigbe . . . / félire bas certu, Fél. Ep. 148 . nī turmi sechtu nach sūi / bas certu atá cōe, ZCP v 499 § 10 . is certiu in dedenach `more exact', Auraic. 1134 . an mbía duine marbhthach ní as ceirte ná Día?, Job iv 17 . is ceirtidde in chomāirim, ZCP iii 18.2 .

As subst. o, n. m., IGT Decl. § 63 (g s. cirt and ceirt, d s. ceart and cirt etc.). Cf. g s. cearta, Maguires of F. 95 . i or ā (dar ceirt, Cog. 56.11 ), ZCP xlix-l 619 .

(g) the right, what is proper, correctness : ar amainse ar chirt ar calmatus, LU 10300 (see also s. 2 cert). c.¤ cen tinne, ZCP viii 196 § 14 . misi robai for in cirt, YBL 173a16 . Cf. SG 70.13 . ceart na riaghla `fulfilling of the law', A. Ó Dálaigh xxi 1 . ceart ag duine is bheith go bocht, Dán Dé xxvii 27 . ar cheart ar chumas n-adhbhann ` correctness ' (of harping), Studies 1920, 98 § 9 . ó cheart `rightly', Content. vi 155 . ón cheart, xxiii 3 . an chalann do-chuaidh tar ceart which has transgressed, DDána 44.2 . do réir chirt, Rev. xix 11 . ? cach aen bereas(?) c.¤ cirt, LB 220b59 .

(h) In phr. ina chirt, i cirt, c.¤ properly, rightly, as is fitting : mac in tṡaír a llus in táil / do chumma in chláir ina chirt (: ṡlicht) `aright', Ériu ix 49 § 28 . firfes firindi ina cirt fri dala deithbiri, YBL 181a2 ( SG 254.23 ). is amlaidh so . . . anas dian aireng in-a cirt coir gan impod, BB 289b20 . dia mbe hi cciort, Leb. Gab.(i) 46.28 . atá ina cc.¤ le ceile (of a pact), BNnÉ 251.11 . co roibi ingen do righ paganta a c.¤ aigi `was his lawful wife', ZCP vi 289.16 .

(i) In quasi-legal sense of right, claim, entitlement : Lebor na Cert, title of tract on rights and privileges of kings, see BR and BR2. fris-saighe a cc.¤ , Ériu xiii 34.6 . dofet a c.¤ certaib `her rights', Laws i 124.10 . fer . . . saiges a ch.¤ do cech oén la Ultu, LU 8148 . ag tabairt cirt do Chríst cháidh `rendering an account', Manners and Customs ii 63.y . do bhean ceart díot an duine, Dán Dé xxviii 17 . dála, ceart, daingin orra, `Espousals', Eg. Gl. 243 . With follg. gen. c.¤ n-athar ┐ seanathar, BDD² 163 . augtar . . . / sluindfes c.¤ clainne C., Fing. R. 866 . c.¤ cech cōicid, ACL iii 303 § 5 . c.¤ cech ríg `tribute', KMMisc. 260 § 1 . ó chiort na gcuradh, Content. xxx 22 . i gceart a mháthar `in right of his mother', Keat. ii 5138 . go n-díoghlainn mo chomhdhaltadha fair . . . a g-ciort chloidhimh by the sword, ML 110.3 . With follg. prep. muna ḟuil ceart ag óigh air `rights as against Him', Aithd. D. 86.18 . c.¤ Maodhócc ar shluag Mhancach, BNnÉ 248 § 202 . mo cheart ar an tír, Maguires of F. 90 . ceart cinnte . . . ar ré shíordhaidhe d'fhagháil absolute right to, TSh. 529 . ceart . . . ré coimhéad, 5130 . ná sir c.¤ a cumhail deilgi, IGT Decl. ex. 1238 . gan c.¤ . . . do bheth ag nech in aoinní `right . . . in any thing', RSClára 146b .

(j) justice, fair dealing : luid co chinel do c.¤ friu `to demand justice', Laws i 70.9 Comm. na tair chucum dar firc., TBC-LL¹ 3491 . gidh tréan thú ní chuinge acht ceart, Dán Dé xxvii 14 . dá ndéanmaois ceart d'imirt oraibh, Maguires of F. 61 . do cheart = iustitia, TSh. 4813 . a gille, ar siad, inn gabaid coma no c.¤ uainn?, ZCP xiii 240.11 .

For daimid c.¤ see daimid.

With dliged: tar ceart no dligedh, Laws ii 70.2 . conid he sin c.¤ ┐ dliged lenait saxain for goedelu, Fél.² clxxxvii 9 .

(k) As technical term used of one of several legal processes: coic conara fugill . . . c.¤ , Cóic Con. 15 § 1 (`genau richtig'). cuir ┐ cundartha etc. d'acrau forin conair fugill is c.¤ , 20 § 13 . tacra cutrumma for cirt, 24 § 26 . bid c.¤ im cotomus folada etc. the legal process c. shall apply in the case of equal assessment of objects, 50 § 98 . For etymologies see 29 § 13 .

(l) With follg. gen. proper arrangement or procedure, correct way of doing something .: ni dāmair c.¤ catha doib fair battle, b. according to the rules of war(?), Rawl. 131b45 . See LL 4902 , ML² 946 . o cirt cobrainne `by just partition', Laws iv 44.8 . c.¤ comlaind, LL 33979 . tré cheart gcomhráidh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 40 § 6 . c.¤ crandcair, BB 244b34 . c.¤ imthechta, MR 318.23 . c.¤ natha,. Ériu xiii 18.16 (in list of metr. terms). Note also : c.¤ sléibe Fúait `true story', Metr. Dinds. iv 168.44 .

(m) Freq. in IGT as technical term declensional form (of noun or verbal noun): na crotha dona ceartuibh ó mbeantur comhfhocal, IGT Introd. § 2 (2.17) . cáoladh ceirt (e.g. lámh, don láimh), § 14 (6.11) . feabhas, fiú, féin, dég (an áirmhe), focuil gan cheart indeclinables, § 122 . greagh, c.¤ lethan tríd sis as cóir aige, Decl. § 45 . c.¤ persan mar sin sís aige (after forms of eadradh), § 49 . scológ (ceart baininnsgne aigi) is inflected like a feminine, § 12 . tegmáil . . . c.¤ ar a comair air féin aigi, Verbs § 2 . faigsin etc. . . . cirt ar a comair aca, § 4 . bleagan ┐ dligsin (dít), inand gabaid acht ar a certuibh i.e. the verbs are conjugated in the same way but their verbal nouns belong to different types, § 36 .

(n) Less freq. in sense of correctness, permissibility , somet. opposed to canamain anomalous (form): trí mairg, cóir do chiort, trí mharg, cóir do chanamhain, IGT Introd. § 18 (8.31) . úaibreach do chanamhain atá, úabrach an c.¤ , IGT Decl. § 17 . .c. .d. neith ceirt ┐ canamna, Verbs § 45 . imram, imirt . . . a ndénmas .n. cirt, § 101 . .d. .n. cirt ┐ canamna, § 112 .

(o) In chevilles: as gach ciort, SG 35.24 . ní cói ceirt, Metr. Dinds. iv 164.27 . dia do cheart, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 356.1 .

In compds. usually straight, direct, exact, precise, less frequently right, just, proper.

With nouns. ¤agaid. Usually in prep. phr. with i, ar: i certagaidh na gáithe directly against the wind, CCath. 3927 . tarla do D. . . . ina chertagidh met him face to face, ZCP xiv 240.8 . dēnamh ar a gcert-agaidh go F. straight ahead, Fl. Earls 24.28 . Note also: du-s-rat a chert-aghaidh . . . forsan athair `it turned its . . . face on the father', 136.25 . a fírchlethe a chendmullaig hi certairdi from the very top of his head, LU 6475 . ūas an mbaile a certairde right up over the stead, Ériu iii 168 § 25 . ni hicthar ni fris acht certaithgin, Laws v 254.18 Comm. iar certbliadain, Rawl. 76a36 . certbrecad ┐ ollbrecad, IT iii 76 § 40 (see p. 131 and breccad). M. . . . an ceirtbhreitheamh `just judge', Keat. ii 3658 . confad C. ┐ a cheart-bhriathra, MR 160.20 . certchaictighis ó maireach, Cog. 104.34 . fa ceart-comair a craide directly in front of, MR 260.14 . ceartchosair ceithri ndroṅg, BDD² 811 (`a proper litter', Gloss.). sechtmoga mac . . . / achertchúmma d'ingenaib exact equivalent, SR 1972 . c. cumal `an exact c.', Bretha 31 . na chertdegaid directly after him, LL 15318 . no gur comroinnestair . . . a craide ar certdō dō in two equal halves, MR 260.16 . Duan. F. i 35 . for cert-druim in cat[h]a, CCath. 4881 . a cúic do cert duibh to an all-black (cow), O'Gr. Cat. 145.11 . ina c[h]ertḟar[r]adh, ZCP viii 210.31 . ceart-fheadh na n-arm . . . eatorra, ML 84.28 . nert C. certfir .i. ind ḟir cheirt, Gorm. Apr. 18 and gl. trī ceirtfichit muc mór exactly sixty, Ériu xvii 20 § 13 . ¤gáe see separate article. i certghuin cath, BB 53a25 . certiarraid exact fosterage-fee, Laws iii 312.12 Comm. an ceirtiomagallaimh, Ériu xiii 36.21 . certimain `proper driving', Laws i 288.11 Comm. na huili uisci do dhul ina certinadh cóir féin taranais arís, RC xxviii 310 § 3 . cert-láech a true warrior, MU² 538 . ar certlár mo thaige very middle, LL 38552 . rochaith a chertleth (i.e. of the apple), MacCarthy 46.16 . is a certlogh dic `exact value', Laws iv 250.21 Comm. certmac oglaigh `an average son' (Plummer MS. notes) Cf. ceartmhac, `fils légitime', Études Celt. xii 524 , oppd. to ardmhac o., O'Curry 285 ( H 3.18, 157 ). ina certmedón right in the middle of it, LU 2057 . dar certmedōn hĒrenn, Corp. Gen. 206.14 . atchiu clothrig . . . / cotngaib inna chertraind . . . / o crund co fraig who divides it equally(?), LU 7375 (of Conaire. `exact share', BDD2 Gloss.). co certsála sís right down to the heels, BDD² 1268 . ro an ina certsesam, Stair Erc. 350 . cearttharsna ar aicme ailme `straight across for group A' (of fingers across shin-bone in cossogam), Auraic. 5783 . do cert-tochus `of his exact property', Laws v 32.21 Comm. curson comnart certtrebtha, Leb. Cert.² 156.5 . certtrícha ruaid-each, 8.10 .

With adjj. an crios corr, ceart-bhláith, MR xiv 7 . certinann ré exactly the same period, Anecd. i 26 § 11 . a Chrīst chóeim certgenmnaid `truly chaste', Ériu iii 14 § 10 . at chonnarc and Coin Culaind certlaín `perfect', Études Celt. v 155.27 . in tan ata certnua in cin. No ata certnua in cro recent(?), O'Curry 609 ( H 3.18, 297 ). ni coir gnuis bidbaid itir crú ceartnua .i. is nua in fala no go lesaighther, 2282 ( Eg. 88, 21 (22)a ).

With adjj. formed from nouns: a chomhdail an Airdrígh certbreathaigh just, RC xxviii 326 § 23 . certbriathrach (of a judge), Irish Texts iv 27.2 . eannach . . . ceart-foirgneamhach `well-fashioned', MR xiv 13 . i pongc ceirtmedonach an domain, YBL 169a3 . certronnach `justly-dividing', Gorm. 16 gl .

With verbs: c.¤ gabais Congal Cairpri's in comlund, MR 244.4 . is follus as sin co nach certtiaghait (-tuicit?) lucht in Uraicepta-sa co mbad e Laidin . . . , Auraic. 1127. 4047 .

cethair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cethair or dil.ie/8908
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ceithre, cethra, cheithre, cheathra

num. adj. four . On distinction of gender see Auraic. 4704 ff. M. and n. nom. c.¤ tóraic, Críth G. 530 . ┐ che(i)thir méich mracha, 139 . cethir cinid, Ériu xvi 182 § 31 . cethir chét (chet, cet, MSS.), Fél. Sept. 1 . cetir h-oll-choigid Erenn, Celt. Rev. iv 120.3 . a cheithir maic side, ZCP viii 312.5 . Accus. (see GOI 246 ): etir inna cethri fersu, Ml. 58a11 . na ceithri raithiu, Blathm. 226 . Gen. delba na cethra n-anmande, Ériu xxiii 32 . co n-airchai cethre traige[d] ndeec, Críth G. 135 . ceithri ndam, BDD² 814 . carpat cethri secht cumal, LL 10072 (TBC). Dat. cona ceitri primhblasaibh, Blathm. 85 . Fem. nom. cet[h]oir flathæ, ZCP iii 453.16 . cet[h]oir trebairi (cetheoire, v.l.), 1 . cetheoir baí, Críth G. 389 . cetheoira aicsin, Ml. 118d10 (intermediate spelling, GOI 242 ). cetheoræ crosfigell laisim `he uses four cross vigils' (with sg. noun ?), Mon. Tall. 138.5 . cethora primfodla, IT iii 6.4 . cethora ōa, RC xxiv 143.16 . Accus. hi cetheora flescæ, ZCP iii 460 n.20 . dicoissin cetheora déisi, Críth G. 321 . for cethora benna na gabla, LU 4799 (TBC). cethēora flathi, ZCP xi 86 § 44 . fó chethéor arda = per totum circuitum, Trip.² 565 (cf. cetharaird). Gen. áes cetheora mblíadnae, Críth G. 34 . mithissi cetheora n-var fichet, RC xi 450.1 . Dat. clár findruine and co cetheoraib auaib, TBFr. 91 . co cetheora ngem, Acall. 4958 v.l.

After the O. Ir. period the form ceithri is used for all genders and cases: ceithri bliadna fichet, Anecd. i 5.22 (scribal expansion of .iu. for ceitheóra, SCano p. x). cetri gnuse, Hib. Min. 3.78 . cet[h]ri dorais, ZCP viii 108.13 . cethri coicid herenn, RC iii 179.3 . ceithre catha, ML² 2086 . ceartchosair ceithri ṅdrong, BDD² 811 . do seichedaib ceithri tarb, TTebe 1484 . foreand na cethri long fichet, Mer. Uil.² 173 . dina ceithri sráitib, BDD² 154 . baei C. a ceithri cairpthig i 1Lifiu, 127 . Also cethra: cetra .l. cen miri, LU 3983 ( SCC 45 ). na cethra meic, BLism. 77d37 . cetra lá, Acall. 775 (cetri, v.l., Murphy Lyrics p. 142 ). cethra scribaill fichet, Airne F. 358 . ceathra: leathna, DDána 65.6 . ( ceithre : beirthe, 34.22 ). ceard na gceathra ndúl, 5.31 . ar cheathra hairdibh an domhain, TSh. 17 ( ar na ceithre hairdibh, 26 ).

Initial of ceithre cethra usually lenited in late MSS., see DDána, TSh., Párl. na mB.: ar na cheithre súbháilcibh, Párl. na mB. 2015 ( ceithre, TSh. 26 cited above). For treatment of follg. initial in later lang. cf. an focal nach bí d'uathadh ┐ d'iollradh, lom as cóir a ainm iollraidh a ndíaigh cheithir ┐ cheathair, IGT Introd. § 18 (see Bard. Synt. Tr. 183 ) i.e. when folld. by noun with form of ns. cheithre and cheathra do not affect a follg. consonant but prefix h to vowels, while cheithir and cheathair lenite (only one ex. is available for the form ending in -r. For the other form the general rule would appear to be as in the case of trí, q.v.). Exx. (apart from gen.), with ns. form are rare, cf. Críth G. 530 , Mon. Tall. 138.5 and Acall. 4958 v.l. cited above). do cheathra druimne, DDána 65.6 . ceithre huirrdhighthe, IGT Introd. 2.3 . ceithre chuid, Content. vi 48 . ceis cheathair fhaobhar (: hEachaidh), IGT Introd. § 18 (for ceatharfhaobhar metri gratia?).

Subst. and absol. uses: na cethuir `the four', Laws i 256.z . a c.¤ do linni four (days), iv 220.3 (.iiii., Ériu xvii 76.8 ). a dáu no a trí nó [a] c.¤ , Críth G. 461 . cá mhéid . . . ? A ceathair, Donlevy 156.14 . nod-randsat hi c.¤ , RC ix 486.8 . latri c.¤ cethrachat fifty-two(?), SR 116 . fichi bliadan sa c.¤ twenty-four, Rawl. 163b37 . a c.¤ dēg . . . do . . . , Fl. Earls 92.12 . co fu ch.¤ `four times', Ériu xix 62 § 18 . fochetair, Hib. Min. 12.418 . xui. bliadna fa ch.¤ (: fialchrechaig), LL 14854 ( MacCarthy 164.6 ). Calann Enair for Mairt ┐ c.¤ uathaid furri `the fourth day of the moon', Ann. Conn. 1409.1 . ar . . . denoim . . . cairdiusa Crist risin darna fer d[i]obh [┐] a ceathair risin fear eili `after he had . . . acted as godfather to (the child of) the latter and as co-sponsor with the other', Ann. Inisf. 1305.4 . ? coná fríth leó eigin dia fhostadh acht na cethra (of a cleric), AFM ii 720.15 . ? in-aimsir Aeda iar c.¤ , Fen. 220.15 .

Compds.

(a) With sg. nouns in sense four(fold). See cetharaird and cethardóit. foseted cetharbolcc, RC xi 444.26 `a foursquare bellows', Meyer Contribb. ceathairbricht (a metre), IT iii 99.3 . cet[h]ar-dam Ulcain `V.'s four oxen', TTr.² 1 . in ceathardamh co n-irdam / ro threabsat tir Parrtolan, BB 25a31 . See cethardenus. cethar-dubhladh = quadruplicacio, Ir. Gl. 931 . See cethardúil. ? cethardhul, Ériu xiii 26.7 . cetharech lais four steeds, Críth G. 345 . cethochrus no ceatharfochrus bruit derg imbi, TBC-I¹ 3395 (cf. cathḟochrus). cetharliber in tsoscēl, Corm. Y 248 . an cetharlebar sosceli `the four books of the Gospels', Mon. Tall. 138.1 . ? ethech . . . fo cethar-lebrai soscelai, Ériu vii 156.20 . cetharlíth (? cethair + líth) the four main feasts of the year; the year (?): nību hen cēt cetharlith 'he (Echu) was not an old man of hundreds of years (when he drowned)', Aided Echach 96 § 4(e) . ? a challech ón chetharlocht / a dind callech sonaide, LL 308b26 ( SG 389.42 ). suidigter do corp a cethurraen `cross-roads', Lism. L. 634 . See cethairríad. mo sherc / . . . / is cetharruinn talman, IT i 124.13 (TE). dligid cetharslechta aithgabala fourfold, O'Curry 781 ( H 3.18, 366a ) (form ?). Cothraige / cetharthrebe `of the four households', Thes. ii 309.3 (Hy. ii). See Ogma 302-3 .

(b) As in (a) but giving adjectival compds.: ceithirbheann, Duan. F. ii 278 § 110 ` four-peaked ', Gloss. C. Ceithirchenn `C. Fourheads', Dinds. 78 ( RC xv 478 ) (c. Ceithirchennach, ibid. 479). Cermun cetharchend, LL 26324 `cattle-headed', Meyer Contribb. ( Metr. Dinds. iii 88 ). araile ech . . . fulud cetharchrua, LL 24868 . ? cecht cuna fedhain techta cethardam ┐rl., O'Curry 1982 ( H 4.22, 20 ). brat corcra cethardiabail, IT ii1 177.91 = sagum quadrum, p. 214 . F. cethar-derc four-eyed , AU i 274.16 . ? ae cethardorus, O'Curry 444 ( H 3.18, 238b ) = cethardhoruis, O'D. 533 ( H 3.17, 431 ) = -dorais, O'D. 576 (443). cin con cetardoruis, 2226 (Nero A vii, 152b). See cetharchair.

(c) With adjj. See cetharchubaid. traig cethargairit gl. proceleusmaticum `foot of four short syllables', Sg. 7b13 . cen broind coíc-duirn . . . cethirláin capacious, MacCongl. 75.17 (see p. 205). laech cetherlethan comremar, LL 11893 ( TBC-LL¹ 5281 ). ceathar-sgaoilte, ML 128.6 .

(d) With adjj. derived from nouns: ind long cethararddidi, LU 1952 ( FA 2 ). mattal cethar-bennach, LB 148a37 . D. chetharchichech, LL 349g16 . cathbarr . . . ceithircimsach four-edged, CF 286 . ac na hainmindtib cetarcosacha quadrupeds , Rosa Angl. 224.8 . MacCongl. 127.30 . int anmanda cetharchosta, TTebe 159 . bruiden . . . cethardoirsech, MU² 204 . an eorna chethardruimnech, O'Dav. 1475 . atáid tenid . . . cethirdrumnig cethirdórsig, MacCongl. 63.5 . a ráith ceathardhruimneach, IGT Introd. § 99 . da triliss . . . ┐ fighe chethur-dhúalach for cechtar n-ai fourfold plait, IT i 119.21 (TE Eg.). corp . . . cethar-dúilech, Add. 4783, 7a1 (cited Meyer Contribb.). saigde . . . cethareochracha (= cetharchair), Alex. 181 . claideb cethar-fáebrach, Laud 610, 8a (cited Plummer MS. notes). cetha[r]litride gl. tetragrammaton, Ml. 127d1 . cona laind cetherliterdai ina láim containing four letters. Alex. 87 . anamain cain cetherreach .i. gusna cethre reaib ogha ellgiter innti .i. da re soirce ┐ da re doirce, O'Curry 581 ( H 3.18, 288 ) (see 1 anamain. Second element uncertain, but above etymol. accepted by Thurneysen, IT iii 165 ). deich mba ┐ samaisc a nanamain in tan nach ceathar foglach: bó ar fichit . . . in tan is ceatharrigach, O'D. 980 ( H 3.17, 779 ). cetharregac, O'Curry 2059 ( H 4.22, 64b ). a. ceithir-riatach, O'D. 979 ( H 3.17, 778 ). h-ímaigen . . . charpait cethirriata (= cethairríad), LB 235a43 . cuig carpait cetharriata, Mart. Don. xxxv 9 . carpat cæm ceith[ir]riada ` four-horsed ', TTebe 2694 . atáid tenid ... cethar-scoltig de uindsinn 'divided in four', MacCongl.² 24.739 . cethar-tinnide composed of four metals (Daniel's image), Rawl. B. 512, 69d (cited Plummer MS. notes). trosdán cetharuillennach, SG 44.24 . ceithreuilinnach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 98.1 . ecclas cetaruillech, BNnÉ 235 § 157 .

cethrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cethrae or dil.ie/8925

Forms: ceithri

n , f. (cethir) collect. Cf. a s in ceithri , TBC-I¹ 1718 . Freq. with pl. inflection and/or verb, and the forms from Ml. 69 cited below could, among others, also be taken as pl. of cethir. animals, cattle, flocks, herds : cethra .i. cae doib ithra, ut est áin cethra as do gort, O'Dav. 513 . ceathra .i. áirnéis, O'Cl. amal ara-mberat biuth inna cethrai . . . inna sástu `as the cattle enjoy', Ml. 69a19 . fo chosmailius c.¤ `after the fashion of a beast' (beasts ?), b3 . in n-intamail inna pecthach fri cethrai `with cattle', c7 . oc ingaireu na cetra , Vita Br. 12 `herding the cattle', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 124.6 . amal mart forrecar la cona no mucca no c.¤ , Laws iv 178.18 . adgainethar húad do chách besa ch.¤ in dá n-e(i)rrech ndédenach, Críth G. 563 . dul fo . . . chobuir cethre ar chonaib . . . ingaire cethræ `to help cattle against wolves . . . to herd cattle', Ériu xx 160.14 . cacha cethri i críchaib cach ḟlathemon, ZCP xi 83 § 28 . as ai allta ┐ cethrai (: ad-chí), Blathm. 194 . a mbaí di cethrib and, LU 1627 . rocarsat a cethre hé, RC xv 308.8 . do cethraibh cáich, Ériu xiii 32.26 . an chethra as mó cia dú a biät, Immrama 61 § 66 (= Anecd. i 58 § 66 ). fæl . . . iter ceithrib `wolf . . . among cattle', TTebe 1603 . d'fhionn-fhuaradh ceathra is daoine, Content. vi 72 . ainmhidhe as gach cethra, Ériu v 94.12 . galair imdha eli ar dainibh ┐ ar cethra, BCC 156.13 .

commór

Cite this: eDIL s.v. commór or dil.ie/11527

adj (mór) equally, very great : do tri cathaib comra (comhmóra, v.l.), Cog. 66.12 . ina sciathaib coema commora, TTebe 2174 . cetra colamna . . . comora, Stair Erc. 1377 . Adv.: is com-mor is diles iatt to the same extent, Laws v 298.14 Comm. is commor do marbad ┐ do baided iad, Ann. Conn. 1342.8 . Subst. commōr do-beirmiss `equal amount', Ériu xix 78 § 5 .

dolud, dolaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dolud, dolaid or dil.ie/18049
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dolud, doltai, dolluid, dolaid, dolaidhib, doluidh

n (see under solad) n s. dolud, Ml. 77d11 . n pl. doltai, 75d6 . n s. and g s. dolluid, IT ii2 245.45 . dolaid, CRR § 11 , SG 196.15 . d pl. dolaidhib, Lism. L. 2982 , Goid. 111 .

(a) distress, loss, damage, havoc: in dolud asmbersom the distress that he speaks of gl. merore, Ml. 77d11 . ambat foirclidi in doltai gl. negotiis testibus, 75d6 . leirigter doltai, Bürgschaft 30 § 79 . fo bith nár bu mó a solod . . . oldás a dolod, FB § 90 . Fiachnai mac Firgnai mogad | fúair solad nítá dolad, LL 149 marg. inf. cach fēine a folad .i. solad dolad, ACL iii 226 . ni bia a soladh no a doladh damhsa o sund imach, CCath. 4599 . romicfa lá, a Dé, in doluid, ACL iii 216 § 9 . ingreim dolud dommatu ` persecution, loss, poverty ', Triads 198 . beir faná dholaid ┐ faná dhígbáil co bráth, SG 291.6 . ? fo Laighnib in laechdolaid, 368.18 . acht go dtáir dhóibh gan doladh | tionól, ML 26.12 . dine can dolad a race exempt from adversity (?), Lec. 552a33 . dínaig im dolad, LL 729 . nach me fein is cintach re dolaidh da ndentai a bhos no thuas, Ulster Jn. of Archaeol. v 272 (O'Neill letters). tar éis gach dolaidh da ndernadh dhamhsa mur ata Ardmacha do losgadh . . ., ib. a dremm is déniu d.¤ `o people, quickest in havoc', Metr. Dinds. iii 348 . in cach níth ba dáel dolaid (: Findchoraid) (doilid, v.l.) `he was a beetle of havoc', 340 . is iongna liom croidhe cloiche | nach nglacann doladh trém chrích that does not feel distress, Oss. iii 250 . is doladh buan dá bheoghairm, Ó Bruad. iii 54.8 . Attrib. g s. gníomh doluidh oppressive deed (?), Gofraidh F. x § 15 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ) = doluigh taken as form of doilig, DDána 101.15 (: oruibh). In phr. téit i ndolaid is wasted, comes to naught : iondas nach rachadh mo tsaothar a ndolaidh oram 'lest my labour should be wasted (to my loss)', Carswell² 90.3147 .

(b) charge, imposition, burden: mét far ṅdolaid ┐ far murir dam, CRR § 11 . drem can dáire can dolad, Hy Fiach. 252.7 . doladh ┐ dorran ┐ dimicin, BB 426b38 . Dún Dubchomair cusna secht ndolaidhib bátar fris `the seven charges to which it was subject', Lism. L. 2982 . ona hulib dolaidib from all the charges, Goid. 111 . léic . . . a dígal foraindi . . . ┐ noaentaigset uli in doladsin they all accepted that charge, PH 2731 . an dolaigh rómhór do bhí aige air an ttír the heavy tax, ZCP ii 560.11 . fa trom an doluidh do Connachtaib iat, Celt. Rev. i 228 . ferann dolaidh uair m' anum taxed land (?), IGT Decl. ex. 247 . Cf. foirgneamh ar ferann dalaigh | aice a Athair charthannaigh (of the soul), Timth. viii 1918, 10 § 6 . gan sreith . . . gan daóirsi gan doladh do chor ar a nduthaigh, AFM v 1770.16 . daladh na dúbhroide `oppressive tribute', Ó Bruad. i 204 . ar ndíth Deiccill an dolaid D. of the tribute (?), SG 196.15 . mo roga tricha an bur tír | dam, gan doladh as d'airdrígh, Ériu iv 226.2 .

(c) hired band or troop: rofhasdó Brian dolaidh .i. Risderd Usdás, cetra fhichit gīomanach B. retained a troop, i.e. R.E. with eighty yeomen, ALC ii 370 . Clann Eogain . . . d' fhasdódh dholaid mhóir a n-aghaid Mic Diarmada, 382.5 . robhói an dolaidh sin . . . ar fedh an tíre agá milled, 18 . eirge amach sluaig ar in Ceapaigh: fasdogh dolaidh, cur asteach lóin, H 3.18, 13a . ní fuaradar an doladh, no an cuideachta sin, an díon, Leb. Gab.(i) 104 n. 1 .

dorn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dorn or dil.ie/18356
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dornn, dord, doirnn, duirnn, dorrann, dorn, Duirn, Duirn, D., Durn

n o, m. Also written dornn (-nd); form dord occurs TBC-I¹ 1823 ; IT i 40.22 (if not a scribal error, cf. card = carn). Note also d s. durrnd, CIH i 52.34 , Ériu lii 140 . doirnn, Trip.² 2928 (doirnnin, v.l.); for assin duirnn , Fél. 146.31 leg. assind iurn out of the iron (pot). dorrann, Ó Bruad. i 66 . dorn m., IGT Decl. § 67 .

(a) hand, fist: na durnu (gl. pugnas), Gild. Lor. 165 . robbad durnn caurad ┐ robad rig ruanada, TBC-I¹ 425 . a dord ima gāi, 1823 . laigen ina durnn, 2563 . gabaid in gilla imbirt a dornn foraib, 431 . imberta claideb ar dornaib desaib, LU 3424 ( SCC § 19 ). méit chléib búana cechtar a dá dordn (leg. dornd), BDD § 58 . métither ri durnu degléch, LL 237b1 ( TTr. 1518 ). rosbuailset dia mbassaib ┐ dornaib, PH 117 . senais R. a dhurna (lamha, v.l.) ┐ a ruscca dósomh, BNnÉ 319 § 13 . meni tuga biad im d.¤ , Laws v 64.21 . is do doarfas in d.¤ cen rigidh (of Belshazzar), Lec. 23a37 . lán duirn a handful: gabais C. lán duirnd dind feór, TBC-I¹ 1643 . comtrom do gach ní aen-lan duirn an equal handful of each ingredient, 23 P 10, 79.36 . debaid duirn a fight with fists: da ndech i mebail | narop debaid duirn, KMMisc. 290.2 . da rabhair a ndeabhaidh | narab deabhaidh duirn, 3 C 12, 122.20 . Hand as symbol of labour or workmanship: radis . . . nach crích no ferand bái aice acht a uird ┐ a indeona ┐ a duirn, TBC-LL¹ 962 . imin clochdroichit suidighus o dourn which he erected with his own hand, Laws ii 232.11 Comm. tri duirn ata dech for bith: d.¤ degsháir, d.¤ degmná, d.¤ deggobann, Triads 76 . rindaide, ráthbuige . . . i tig ríg noibdis corn, | ba hé a ndliged díles d.¤ the right due to their handiwork, Metr. Dinds. i 24 ; 'this was their proper due … a fist' v 125 . conarba ní ri mac oclaig . . . a dornd im suist no im opair so that no son of a warrior would put his hand to a flail, Cog. 116.12 .

Fig. to denote seizure, possession: dobhen urlamhas a atharda a dornaibh danar, AFM vi 2178.19 . d.¤ i mbrollach (a legal formula signifying arrest?): d.¤ ina brollach ar daigin a fastaithe re fiachaibh, Laws i 164.12 Comm. a leanmuin cu hor criche ┐ d.¤ ina brolluch i n-or criche, ii 88.18 Comm. = lamh ina brolluch, 20 ; cf. i 128.z . Prov. d.¤ im cheo a hand round mist (= something vain or ineffectual), Laud 615, 23 . na seoid adchi as d.¤ am cheo, BCC § 138 . d.¤ im diaid id., O'Dav. 1586 ; BS 54.27 . dorn im gae ngreine, CIH iii 750.33 , cf. Cog. 162.24 . fá dornaib underhand, secretly (mod.?): raelta eoluis fé dhóirnibh, Ó Bruad. ii 46 . súgra . . . fá na ndóirnib, 70 .

(b) hand as a measure of length: d.¤ a measure of 6 or 4 inches, O'Don. Suppl. sé troighthi . . . no da dornd déc ma do dornuib toimistar, Laws iv 76.21 Comm. naoi nduirn a fot . . . d.¤ leithet a crai . . . tri duirn a leithet ara medon, ZCP xiv 348.1 ( Laws ii 238.10 ). cetra duirn i n-airde, SG 108.24 . cubat cóic nd.¤ , Ériu ii 130 § 102 . dá dh.¤ décc ina leithet, trí duirn ┐ dá mér i fad a eite, AFM ii 996.9 . Cf. also: in dabach aile . . . fichis dornaib de it boiled hands high (?), TBC-I¹ 724 (see Celtica iii 180 ). in dabach tanaise con figfed durnu di, TBC-LL¹ 1367 = rofhuich d.¤ uaisdi, St.

(c) handful (= lán duirn), small quantity: dornn biroir, TBC-I¹ 1169 . cia fochertha d.¤ lán d'fhiad-ublaib fora cenna, LL 252b17 . nir dirúais dar (= don) charpat . . . acht d.¤ dina bassaib immon roth, TBC-LL¹ 6070 . d.¤ dona hasnaib . . . d.¤ dona fer[t]sib, TBC-I¹ 3638 . dornn do thuige ┐ d'édach, Ériu v 24.31 .

(d) blow with the fist, buffet: ní ba mó nó ó mir nó ó dúrnn nó ó lúa mair[b]fes cach fer leo, BDD § 94 . marbaid cét fer dib col-lūib ┐ co ndornaib, Ériu ii 24 § 6 . do buail d.¤ dásachtach ar Chonán, SG 339.7 . doradus d.¤ dara bhél, Acall. 1428 . d.¤ imidrubart, O'Dav. 1348 .

(e) handle . Of a vessel: gl. ansa, Thes. ii 361.29 (Philarg.). ballán d.¤ `a bowl of hands' (a two-handed cup?), Moling § 14 (`vessel of handfuls?' Plummer MS. notes). cilorn . . . an stuag as a taib no in milan duirn (`the hand-can'; can with handle?), Laws i 134.4 Comm. Of a bell: ássaid bethe tría doirnn (doirnnin, v.l.), Trip.² 2928 . Of a sword-hilt (only in compds.): claideb dorngel, TBC-I¹ 2847 . claidbi gel-duirn, TBC-LL¹ 4372 . claidbi ōrduirn, 4396 ; cf. TBC-I¹ 2045 , IT i 310.38 . im chechtar a dá leth-d.¤ in chlaidib on each side of the hilt, LL 237b37 ( TTr. 1548 ).

(f) Exceptionally foot (of an animal) (?): d.¤ daimh, Triads 76 v.l. ( .i. cos ag treabath, p. 37 ).

(g) As n.pr. m. D.¤ fer do Fénib, H 3.18, 391a . gen. Duirn, AU 682 ; Fél. 68.2 . a síd Duirnn Buidhe, Acall. 7204 , cf. 3847 . pl. tri Duirn , TBC-I¹ 3515 . As n.pr. f. D.¤ ingin Buidi, Laws i 70.14 . accus. Durn, 68.17 . Dornd bean do Feinaib Temrach, v 472.12 Comm.

Compds.

(a) With adj.: ¤balc strong-fisted , Metr. Dinds. iii 114 . ¤chorcra crimson-fisted (epithet of Cuchulainn), MU 4.23 . ¤gel, RC xx 272.3 ; Cog. 162.15 . ¤mass: Diurān dornnmas D. of the beautiful hands, Anecd. i 58 § 63 . ¤mer deft-handed , Metr. Dinds. iii 130 . See also under (e) above.

(b) With subst.: ¤chlaideb ` hand-sword ', Marco P. 61 . ¤ḟáscud squeezing with the hands, CCath. 2521 . ¤gal: bellum (alias dorndghal) breg h-Eile re n-Ailill molt for Laighniu, AU i 24.4 . in indeoin fo dorndgalaib, ZCP xiii 276 § 5 (`boilings with bubbles as big as fists', Celtica iii 180 ). ¤glac: i ndornnglacaib doitlebra Domnaill, MR 116.23 . dornnfot a hand's length, Laws iv 76.24 Comm. With adj. formed from noun ¤gualannach: eich dorngualandaig of a horse with shoulder a hand's breadth, IT iii 72 § 29 .

fo-glúaisi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-glúaisi or dil.ie/22771

Forms: forogluaissisid

v i

I (Trans.) moves, stirs, sets in motion, makes go: ni sinn fotragluais do nim who ousted thee from heaven SR 1741 . cia fochonn fosrogluais o crichaibh in chogaid? Todd Todd Nenn. 128 . trí foglúaiset fóenledchu `that set waifs wandering' Triads 198 . is forrán fích rabarfogluais that repulsed you LL 238b17 ( TTr. 1611 ). fodaig ina maccaem forogluaiset ina cetra who had driven the cattle IT ii2 230.80 = forogluaissisid ib. 64 . fotgluasfither on oenphort, LL 37c42 ( Auraic. 5348 ). biaid dilgenn for Ultaib ... ┐ fogluaisfitir asa tir, Rawl. 143a36 . fogluaset .ix. viros as uno ligno, Trip. 174.13 (2032) . Fig. stirs up, excites, disturbs: nacha[b] foglúesed ani sin let not that excite you LU 1434 ( MU² 901 ). cen buith ibar ṅgnáissi | is mór fodomglúassi `disquiets me greatly' Fél. Ep. 376 . fom-glúaissi mór ṅdubai, 377 . fongluasi imbas inspires Anecd. v 27 . fógluaisi Fuamnach gaeth `stirred up a wind' Ériu xii 154.18 . cid fogluasa ind doenacht ind accobar though human weakness may stir desire Mon. Tall. § 63 . Refl. bestirs oneself, moves: nachas-fogluaisit do oic `lest thy warriors come' [or: lest they drive, or startle it (the cow)? Cf. IT ii 230 supra] RC x 224 . ma rofesind ... nímfoglúasfind féin dia saigid, LU 5960 .

Cf. is í cland D. fodrogluais ... do denam na cathrach, Ériu ii 22 § 4 where the -d- may stand for -da-, or as a rel.

II (Intrans.) recht find fuglóisfe (fogluaisfe v.l.) muire `will come over (stir up?) the seas' Imr. Brain § 48 . do thaodsat ... for ccúlaibh gus na háitibh as ro ḟógluaissiot AFM vi 2332 .

Vn. foglúasacht, q.v.

gíománach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gíománach or dil.ie/25882

n (< Eng. yeoman) o, m. a yeoman, a hireling soldier (?), a retainer (?): ro marbad ann cenn giomanach Mic U. ┐ a galloglaeich, ALC ii 334.3 . cetra fichit giomanach, `mercenaries,' 370.26 . buidhen ghallócclach ┐ gíomanach, AFM v 1716.1 . gíománach ... do mhuintir T. `yeoman,' 1578.3 . do gíománchoibh gaoidhealcoibh, 1640.y . ba giemanaig dheisgcredeacha iad so uile servants, retainers , Manners and Customs iii 292 n .

intreb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. intreb or dil.ie/28973

Forms: intreb, intreib, intreb, intrub

n o, n. n s. intreb n-ecalsa, Laws i 122.12 . g s. intreib, ii 358.4 . d s. intreb, 356.x . intrub, LU 8072.

furniture, utensils, household requisites: i.¤ gl. supellex, Sg. 16a12 . nad rabi ní bad esbaid úad eter de intrub (sic leg., Thurn. Stud. in E. Ir. Law 22.2 ) ┐ comadbar na flede, LU 8072. i.¤ tige caich di lestrai `the household furniture of everybody in vessels,' Laws v 390.x . i.¤ tige .i. tulchuba ┐ eana ┐ dromlacha, 392.11 Comm. lanad treb intreib `the collecting of house furniture' (glossed : comtinol in neich bis i ninde a treibe do brecanaib ocus do cercaillib), ii 358.4 and 29 . lanamnus comtincuir, ma co tir ocus cetra ocus i.¤ `if with (equal) land and cattle and household stuff,' 356.x . esbuid fledi, i.¤ n-ecalsa altar vessels, i 122.12 , glossed : .i. i ndentar oiffrenn cach dia, 126.29 . i.¤ .i. ocus in ni bis a nind a treibe do mairbdile accud fo cutruma, .i. do lestraib ocus tincur chena, ii 358.9 Comm. Cf. co rabatar lestra ┐ fóintreb in tige for snám, Trip.² 114. fointreb, Sg. 113a3 .

inntribh .i. easbhaidh, O'Cl. This prob. arises from a misinterpretation of esbuid fledi intreb n-ecalsa (see above).

? cen intreib (indtreb, intreabh, indtr-, v.ll.) is cen uráil `without need and without compulsion,' Metr. Dinds. iii 60.89 .

leth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. leth or dil.ie/30036
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: leth, leith, leithe, leithe, lethe, leithi, lethe, -leithe, leath, leithdeimhin, lethshathach

n o and s, n. Freq. treated as two words, l. o, n. half and l. s, n. side (e.g. GOI, Críth Gabl., BDD). But it is in some contexts difficult to decide between the two meanings, and cf. d s. leth (side), Ml. 51d3 , 128a1 ( leith, 62b13 ), d s. leith (half), Sg. 18a4 (but see note in Thes.), leuth, BCr. 3c , SR 8041 ; g du. leithe, Sg. 25b6 is ambiguous in meaning, and with lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 may belong to the by-form leithe, which latter. however, is more reliably attested in meaning side than in meaning half: a s. lethe, Imr. Brain 49 , leithi, TBC-I¹ 525. d s. lethe (MS.), Críth G. 428 , Grail 2004 . -leithe, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 .

In later lang. more usual in meaning half (for meaning side cf. taeb) except in adv. and prep. phrases, in which both meanings are frequent. leath m., IGT Decl. § 31. f. , § 39 .

A in meaning side, direction .

I

(a) side: cia beth cosar do cluim glain / fom dda lethe though I had a couch strewn of down beneath my sides, ZCP xiii 258.11 . a beóil for leith a cind, BDD² 541. Cf. do-berad urcar do cloich fuirre ┐ níba cian o leit[h] a cinn, TBC St. 1311 . tibri da leithe `to laugh on all sides', Laws v 228.27 (a kind of satire) .i. gaire uime . . . do cach l.¤ , 230.13 Comm . ? gur gab cairde fair ona cethre lethaib, asrenar . . . a di chumal cairde gacha leithe dona cethre lethaib, O'Curry 2532 - 3 ( Eg. 88, 44 ). ord cumaisc imorro .i. a cumusc a gabail as a leth deridh `the latter end(?)', Laws v 26.21 Comm . ro-claenad-som . . . cach l.¤ don luiṅg, TTebe 1995 . fal na leiti-si (sic) . . . don longphort, CCath. 5177 . tréd na loidhe ar leith an cnuic, Irish Texts ii 2 § 8 . ruc sí . . . mac forsin faidche ┐ sí fó leith ina dromlaig carrying one side of the pail(?), SG 326.28 ( RC xxiv 190.13 ). ? Page: fec leath 91, 92, MS. Mat. 573.29 (see lethenach). Less freq. direction, region : sechip l.¤ fon ṁbith foguir `on whatever side', Thes. ii 300.4 ( Hy. i ). cid féchai-siu issind l.¤ cían úait, IT i 121.10 ( TE 6 Eg.). mairg lingis lēim in l.¤-sain (i.e. towards Hell), ZCP vi 265 § 15. is i do leath coir tanacais you have done well to come, Aen. 1870. In chevilles: forom l.¤ , LU 3867 ( SCC 38 ). slúaig ós lethaib, Airne F. 288. Obscure: tāinic gaimred co ngainni / rolīnsat lethe linni `die Wasser haben die Flachlande angefüllt', Bruchst. i 67 § 156 (letha, v.l.). da each a laim leath aer sealba `two horses in hand at the border of the land', Laws iv 18.20 (leth saor selba, v.l.).

(b) Of twofold division of a house side (?), part (?); indala l.¤ de crín ┐ araile úr one part of seasoned and the other of green wood, Trip.² 601 . isind le[i]th ailiu, i fochlu on the other side, the north, Críth G. 591 . l.¤ in tige . . . do Conchobur . . . a ll.¤ n-aill do bantrocht Ulad, LU 8159 ( FB 12 ). l.¤ in tige . . . la Connachta ┐ in l.¤ aile la Ulto, Sc.M² 5 . isin leith aile in tigi, TTebe 473 . san leith oile `in the other division', TD 11.16 . an uair do chuiridís tuighe ar leath an tighe . . . chum na leithe oile, Oss. iii 216. 18 - 19 .

(c) Of the sides of the body with dess and clé: atá . . . / a scíath da leith chlíu on his left side, MU² 489 . certláech da leith deis . . . fer bec . . . da leith chlí on his right, on his left, 538 - 40 . don ochtmad asna uachtarach chleib a lethi deis Adaim doronta Eua, MacCarthy 48.12 . dul sa leath chlé dod chridhe / slighe i dteach nDé 'gun duine, DDána 10.25 . ar uaisle an leithe dheis dil, Content. i 10 . dá dheis . . . dá leith chlí, TSh. 4090 . do leith do láimhe deise, DDána 24.23 .

(d) With words indicating points of compass: fri mílid in lethe atúaid `of the northern region', Metr. Dinds. iv 40.7 . forin leith tuaiscertaigh don áth, TBC St. 2869 . don leith thuaidh, DDána 64.36 . leath thúaigh northward, Deuteronomy iii 27 . barsan leith descertach ind átha, TBC-LL¹ 3387 . mad od leith anneas gai[res an drean], Ériu viii 122.27 . ar an táobh theas leath theas on the south side southwards, Exodus xxvi 18 . don leath ṡoir eastwards, 2 Kings xiii 17 .

As acc. of destination, Ériu xli 34 .

(e) In phr. (a) l.¤ with clause containing verb of motion the direction in which, anywhere, wherever : nistá leó l.¤ do-coiset do chuincid neich `they have nowhere that they can go to beg anything', Mon. Tall. 128.10 . in l.¤ bertait sin hí lecidsi dóib wherever they bring her, LU 3125 . l.¤ dia mbí in gaeth is fris bís in chomla facing the wind, BDD² 1312 . hiss ē l.¤ ruc-sum a rēim / co Cenannas, Fing. R. 659 . é l.¤ luidi for tochmarc, Metr. Dinds. ii 2.20 . teis lee alleath gebus remat `you shall go with it whither it will go before you', Ériu v 120.16 . régat a l.¤ dīa tuitched `I shall go whither I have set out', i 116.8 . in leith teid (of a spear), Laws v 30.11 Comm . in leath bearar [in] slúaigead, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3 . is é l.¤ do-chuaid Conn ar a imgabāil a mesg c[h]lainni . . . Morna, ML² 1806.

Also with cach: cach led dochoid-som sund wherever he went, Wb. 14c20 . cach l.¤ no théged, IT i 130.23 . cech l.¤ naragdais, ZCP viii 110 § 7.

For the construction is é l.¤ attoíbi . . . co dú, is aentadach fri . . . co dú this is the context of, this is a parallel passage to, etc. see at(t)oíbi, oentadach.

In a large variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

II With adverbs of direction: ar in leirg l.¤ ifus, CRR 56. immot breith assa leith adíu `about carrying thee hence', Ériu i 130.34 . isind leith anall on the far side (of the house), BDD² 669 . l.¤ anall don ḟidh `on this side of', Ériu iii 164.29 . leath thall d'Fhinn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 8.27 . lethatshuas dinn `above', O'Gr. Cat. 232.x . da'n dá cical so lethatís dind, 290.27 . don leith amuidh externally, Grail 2621 . leith amuich outside (contr. with astig), Párl. na mB. 2132 . l.¤ amaich d'Eirinn outside I., Acall. 6457 . leath amuigh do uile-theorannaibh na Breataine, Keat. ii 1718 . beith leith amuich don phecadh without sin, ITS xxix 189.13 . leith amuigh don dá chás adubhart apart from, Mac Aingil 4529 . leath amuigh d'aicídibh tura an fhíona except for, Eochairsg. 95.22 . l.¤ amuigh do mnaib not including, BCC 228.35 (§ 237) . leath 'muigh gurab amhluidh . . . apart from the fact that, Luc. Fid. 3765 . l.¤ istich inside, Celtica ii 78.278 . andsa treas alt . . . l.¤ astig `on the third interior joint', O'Gr. Cat. 295.4 . leath istigh dar gcuimhne féin `within our own memory', Keat. ii 423. Cf. also: is uathaib sin l.¤ i fat gach ferann `far and wide', SG 121.31 . In form la-: dobert ferann do laistiar in the west, Rawl. 119a17 . lais tiar iar fuine ngréne, Fél. 112.25 . bóirdréis . . . tímpchioll a ccótaoi lastíos below, Párl. na mB. 538 . d'fhan an marc-shluagh la-amuigh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 49.4 .

III With pronominalia.

(a) With poss. a his, its : co sceasain cach ball de a leithi (sescaind, lethe, LU) his limbs sprang apart, TBC-I¹ 525. sreith cechtar de a l.¤ he knocked each of them in a different (lit. his own) direction, LL 13983 . tēit in slōg uili for teiched, cach fer a l.¤ , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 34 § 4 . luid cách a lethi each went his way, LL 14308 . téit . . . cechtar de a l.¤ íar sain, TBFr. 169.

(b) With aile. With prep. DO and art. on the other side (freq. of battle, contest, etc.): bite i n-irgail . . . friu duṅdala leith, Ml. 47c3 . dind leith ailiu gl. illinc, BCr. 32a4 ( Thes. ii 16 ). at-raghat side súass, at-raghat didiu Ulaid don leith eile, Sc.M² 18 R . dilluid F. . . . don l.¤ oili a mBōaind entered the Boyne on the other side, ZCP viii 120.14 . tiocfaid leis don leith oile / guais-ṡeabhuic Bheann mBoghoine, TD 4.43 . don dara l.¤ . . . don leith eili (of simultaneous elections to a bishopric), Ann. Conn. 1307.12 . In more general sense on the other hand, alternatively. Cf. ho l.¤ ailiu gl. e regione, Ml. 128a1 . dob'áil liom . . . dob'áil leam dhon leith oile . . . , DDána 5.15 . don leith oile, L. Cl. A. B. 192.73 . don leith oile adeir Críost . . . , TSh. 1642 . In phr. l.¤ n-aill elsewhere, anywhere, etc.: is ferr damsa techt l.¤ n-aill, LU 3347 ( SCC 13 ). ráither fria . . . techt hi l.¤ n-aill n-aile co maitin, RC xxii 393.z . (BDD App.). indtan no teigdis nach l.¤ aili when they used to go anywhere else, Mon. Tall. 129.17 . tucsat a ndorus na huama i ll.¤ n-aill iat `inside of the door of the cave', PH 1018 . cidh ara tucuis in claideb i ll.¤ n-aile? why did you give away the sword? Lism. L. 1326.

(c) With cach: amal . . . asroither uisce for talmain cech l.¤ `on every side', Ml. 44d1 . aurchor snedar cach leth in all directions, Críth G. 219 . fer cach leithe lándligid `a man of full righteousness on every side i.e. dealing justly with all men', 528 and n. 0 (or to be referred to 2 l.?). co rucadur gacha leithi ar A., Fier. 235. Usually with prec. prep. DI (do, dá) or FOR (ar) in, from all directions, sides, everywhere : immib di cach leith, Wb. 17b19 . in talmain n-impu di cach l.¤ , Ml. 51d3 . di cech leith, 62b13 . 66d10 . testiu na fuile . . . for cach l.¤ , 22b1 . for cech l.¤ gl. longe lateque, 53b9 . slúaged . . . / de cach leith dar túatha, Fél. Ep. 35. fogéba do cach leith aci agid n-airegda, LU 2029 ( FA 10 ). for cech l.¤ , LU 2146 ( FA 21 ). ic fégad . . . for cach l.¤ úathu, MU² 364 . eo óir ina brut ro saiged a gúalaind for cach l.¤ on either side, IT i 131.17 . di cech leith gl. undique, Gild. Lor. 67 . in popul imme di cech l.¤ , PH 761 . dá cech leith, 7063 . do gach leith ┐ da gach thaib dib, TTebe 2225 . sneachta seacht traigthe ar gach leath uadha, SG 34.16 . táir dá gach leith ina lenmhain, IGT Decl. ex. 1158 . ar gach leath, L. Cl. A. B. 112.43 . do gach leith do na laochaib sin, ML² 1860 . do cach lethe, Grail 2004 . for cech l.¤ de, 2480 . da gach aen leithe de na timceall, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 (leth, v.l.). go ttuccadar gealladh air gach leith mutually, Dhá Sgéal Art. 152. Note also: for cechtar in da leithe `on either side' (of a stream), Laws iv 144.11 . comtar crólinnecha curaid di chechtar na da leithi, LL 224b27 ( TTr. 548 ).

(d) With cid (later cía) where, whither : inchoiscsiu damsa ceth l.¤ atā Emain show me the way to, TBC-I¹ 376 = ced l.¤ , LU 4865 = cía let[h], TBC St. 782 . cia leath reghma? Anecd. i 2.9 ( SCano 25 ). ni fhetar cia l.¤ do-rechaind, acht tucas m'aiged siar I knew not where to go, PH 500 . cia l.¤ their Adam uait?, MacCarthy 52.8 . cia leith ro cuaidh in clu mor-sin? what has become of? CCath. 4546 . cia l.¤ so, a dorman? whither away? Fing. R. 90 . cid l.¤ na mochærgi? why are you up so early? RC xiv 400 § 4.

(e) In phr. do díb le(i)th(a)ib on both sides, mutually : diblethaib .i. cechtar a da leithe, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18, 415 ). ra theigsetar na slúaig immi-sium do dib lethib, LL 175a42 ( CRR 26 ). ro ferad cath . . . do dib lethib eturro, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . ro naidmset a ccodach ┐ a ccaradradh do dib leitibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 232.12 . dībh leithibh, Celtica iv 70.209 (l.¤ ┐̇ tib, MS.).

(f) With na(ch) in any direction, anywhere : imned dom na lled dochood wherever I went, Wb. 17d7 . nochon occobrad-si co ndigseth nách l.¤ cen heisium immaróen fríe would go nowhere without him, Trip.² 151 . na digsitís nách leth o Ierusalem, PH 5408.

(g) With óen-: F. . . . ┐ L. for ōenl.¤, M. ┐ D. forsan l.¤ n-aill on the one hand . . . on the other, Rawl. 149a35 . a h-ocht Ailgenan na n-each / co ndeachaid d'eg ar enleath together, BB 61b31 . a óga tigidh d'einleath, Duan. F. ii 68 § 11 . cuirfiter d'éinleith will be put aside, RC xxviii 318 § 30. do rug ar n-omhain d'aoinleith dispelled our fear, DDána 18a.5 .

IV With prepositions (many uses with prepp. are exemplified also under III).

(a) With A: a lleith posessoris by virtue of being possessor, Sg. 198a18 . a lleith atraib gl. extrinsecus, in the matter of possession, 198b1 . a lleith indí atreba, 200b11 . a lleith aittrebthado gl. intrinsecus, 204a1 . biat-sa as do l.¤ I will be at thy side, Alex. 93 . ac urchuitmhe assa leith making excuses on his own behalf, Anecd. ii 68.4 . See also under i l.¤ fri.

(b) With AR (in later lang.): tug fiodh ar leith do lighe made the tree to bend to one side (one of the marks of an auspicious reign), L. Cl. A. B. 224.127 . rachadsa ar do leith `I shall side with thee', Duan. F. ii 244 § 16 . techt ar a leith féin to side with him, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 40.10 . ar mbeith d'Eireamhón ón fhior / ar leith gléimheadhón Gaoidheal `when E. had parted from him amid the Gaels(?), Studies 1920, 98 § 5 . níor luigh ar leith a mháthar did not depend on(?) (of Cú Chulainn), DDána 96.29 (`encroached not on his mother's land', Ir. Monthly 1927, 437 ).

(c) With DO (in some cases perh. DI): do leith dano dó a óenur frisna tri cóectu mac on one side, LU 4914 = TBC-I¹ 429 . ni-s-téged nech do muintir G. secci do leith, do na tabrad sceim némnig to one side(?), PH 7212 . co mba hecin di usce na Temrach da tharraing do l.¤ ┐ cach cumal ar uair 'na haghaidh (i.e. she always carried one side while the others took turns on the other), RC xxiv 190.8 . in Mangartach . . . do leith de ┐ Sliab Cruadha . . . don taob eile, ML² 320 . gach meacain gach lus don leatsoin there, Hackett xlii 59 .

Usually as prep. phrase with follg. gen. In concrete sense in the direction of, towards : iarsin tictís, gním cen chleith, / ind ríg dia leith ó thír thoich to him (`on account of him'), Metr. Dinds. ii 24.74 . do leith na hairde thuaidh facing the north (of a tent), 3 C 19, 51 vb15 . nac[h] racainn do leith mo aigte I would not go forward, TBC St. 1592 . líne do leith a aighthe / do chathaoiribh cumhdaighthe opposite, DDána 85.42 . do leith a aighthe in front of him, CF² 1036 . do leith a ccúil . . . do leith a ndrumann, AFM iii 320.9 , 11 . Of the seat of a disease: go mbi nescoid isna hairnibh uair ann do leith in droma ┐ uair eile do leith a sreabhonn . . . ┐ uair do leith a gcabhán, 3 C 19, 201 rb26 - 28 . Of time: doleith na haidhche towards night, 3 C 19, 73 va 24 . do bi dias do Gaidilaib ann sin do l.¤ in Chimsogaig on C.'s side, Ann. Conn. 1281.4 .

past, by (here DI(?)): romgab do leith losinan the fox avoided, slunk by me, ZCP i 459. 11 . amail sinchān do leith ǣgaire, MacCongl. 85.2 (`approaching a shepherd'). Fig. na hinghena . . . nobitis ic amran ┐ hic duchunn no geibed do leith doib dano imradagh anma Hectoir used to avoid(?), LL 405a19 ( TTr.² 1086 ).

In more abstr. senses. With respect to, as regards, according to: is do leith genelaig fer nGréc doib, Dinds. 128. ? tiucfaidh in cétmuinnter fo coruib ┐ cidh adhaltrach hí ticfaidh a fear .i. do leth in oirechta comtibach, O'D. 2077 ( Rawl. 487, 58 ). a chlú do leith eolasa ┐ eagna, Keat. ii 204 . do leith a athar ┐ a mháthar `both on his father's and mother's side', O'D. 4896 . a n-éagmais a hárdchéme onóra do leith a glúine geinealach `in respect of', Párl. na mB. 3570 . in ratione cibi .i. do leith an bhídh, 23 K 42, 307.15 . do l.¤ dileghtha an adbuir, RC xlix 8.4 . More specifically because of, from, on account of: do leith G. because you are related to G., Irish Texts ii 44 § 35 . do leith ubhaill a fhachain, DDána 10.6 (`an apple caused it,' Ir. Monthly 1929, 211 ). do leith a nemdilegtha pour cause de l'indigestion, O'Gr. Cat. 217.7. na neithi . . . disgaoileas do leith a teasa because of their heat, 3 C 19, 49 ra27 . do l.¤ an fuail from, by means of (in diagnosis), 23 K 42, 151.17 .

(d) With FO separately, severally, individually : cách fo leith gl. singuli, Wb. 5d3 . ní [i]mmalle acht is cach æ fo leith, 17d2 . cechtar nái fo leith, Sg. 63a15 . mórfeser a dám inna thúaith, cóicer fo leith when engaged on his private concerns (as an individual), Críth G. 379 ( fo le[i]th(e), 428 ). ainmnigestár cach fer fó leith cona anmaim diles fein, LU 1811 . ar cach n-ái fo leith díb, TBC-LL¹ 2726 . cech macc fo leth dia maccaib, PH 6613 . sláinte anma is cabhair chuirp / atáid fa leith na labhuirt, Arch. Hib. i 99 § xi . ima leith alternately, Laws iv 372.21 Comm . ┐ mar sin ar na peacadhuibh eile fó leith, Mac Aingil 2061 . an biobla ma leith, .i. leis fein amhain, gan ghluais, etc., Luc. Fid. 4592 . Somet. with FOR in this sense: don oenfer for leith `for one man only', Mon. Tall. 156.28 . oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, PH 7326 . gach pearsa ar leith 'n-a Dhia dhíbh, DDána 25.6 .

(e) With FOR (AR) aside, apart : tēit leo for l.¤ aside, Sc.M² 4 . co-rrala a cholaind for l.¤, ┐ corro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait to one side, 19 (leith, R.) luid īarum for l.¤ a óinur `aside', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . ro bae-side . . . ina throscud i Sliab Sína ar leith `apart', Celtica iv 28.381 . in ticfa ar l.¤ do immacallaim frimsa?, ZCP ii 135 § 9 . gādatar mnā Connacht do Conchobur tuidecht for leith, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . atat acum sund for leith / curaid ri cath . . . (: creich), TBC-LL¹ 516 . ruc leis for l.¤ da mac Z., PH 3024 . tucait aes dána Ulad ar l.¤ , RC xiv 430 § 56 . ar leith gá fhad fhuileongas? `how long will he suffer the affliction of being far away?', Aithd. D. 8.19 . ar leith [ó] dheachmhaidh Dhé `exempt from', PBocht 7.25 . ar leith atám ó theasda laid aside, Studies 1924, 87 § 15 . ar leth nó i ccoitchinne in particular or in common, RSClára 117b . ? in slicht socinelach geinfes for leith on ridiri ┐ on maigdin sin, Grail 2669 . In this sense somet. with FO: ód thriall fó leith, Oss. vi 54.19 . doimthigh a nimh . . . as fo leith, Ériu v 88.34 . ? With TAR: no gur cuir in rig dar l.¤ mathair a cloindi put aside(?), YBL 317b24 (cf. Aided M. Gloss.).

(f) In quasi-adjectival use with both FO and FOR apart, separate, different, special : gnáe far l.¤ gl. separatim, Sg. 73b1 . syllab fo leith, 165b2 . co ndergensat rainn fo leith di gl. separauerunt ab aliis partibus, 187b6 . 188a22 . 188b5 . 212a6 . Of a particular kind of assembly: cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne? . . . A cōic: cūlairecht ┐ taebairecht ┐ airecht uirdnidhe ┐ airecht fo l.¤ et airecht fodesin, ZCP xii 359.14 . airecht fo l.¤, is a suidhi bīt nadmand ┐ ratha (sic MS.) ┐ fiadain, 360.1 . torinolta i tech for leith, Trip.² 228. biaid pian for leith er son cech peccaid air, PH 7617 . gabsatt . . . ferann fo l.¤ , BColm. 8.3 . atá i n-airicul fo leith, LU 3374 ( SCC 16 ). rogairm Cond . . . ar fót fo leith `called C. aside', Ériu iii 160.y . trí lá is tri aidche ba leith / bámmar uile i tig Cachir, RC vii 292.53 . dath fo l.¤ a eduigh cach lae, Laws ii 148.6 Comm . cás ar leith an Lúan `Doomsday, supreme danger', PBocht 5.47 . rann ar leith ni dliged dam, Irish Texts ii 41 § 9 . seómra ar l.¤ , RSClára f. 111b . pian ar leith ar an intinn, ┐ pian fá leith ar an gcorp, TSh. 6495 - 6 .

(g) In phr. le(i)th for (ar) le(i)th on both sides, respectively, both of them (usually of two persons or groups): ra fornaidmit na glinni sin leith for l.¤ , MU² 106 . co mbaí . . . nónbur ra hulibásaib eturru l.¤ for l.¤ , 118 . rointer Eri l.¤ ar l.¤ `share and share', Metr. Dinds. iii 358.35 . in cath rolád, l.¤ for l.¤ , iv 250.65 . ro tuit . . . in cath l.¤ ar leith, CCath. 2217 . M. . . . ┐ F. / fríoth a n-árach leath ar leath, DDána 64.25 . táinig a ré leath ar leath / sgol Uladh, éigse Laighneach, 115.2 . forna cathaibh leath ar leath, CF² 1195 . go rangattar . . . da nionaduibh féin l.¤ ar l.¤ respectively, BNnÉ 201.33 . a gcoingheall leath ar leath (aequa utriusque conditio), TSh. 3871. More generally: an tuile dhámh, leath ar leath the throng of companies, side by side, Ériu v 56.67 . an cúiger druadh, leath ar leth `the five wizards, side by side', iv 222 § 38 . In follg. rather in turn, one after the other : fuaradh na mball leath ar leath, DDána 27.6 . ughdair Ghaoidheal leath ar leath, O'R. Poems 1473 . fágbhuim-si fós, leath ar leath / beannacht uaim ag gach aoinneach, Celtica iv 119 § 30 . Note also: as mar sin an cethramadh cric as mesarda ┐ is ferr acu l.¤ ar l.¤ `all things considered', Ir. Astr. Tr. 140.x . Other constructions: di leith for l.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1685 . do leith for leith, MR 222.z . do leith fo leith, 240.24 . leath um leith, PBocht 18.17 . do leith dar l.¤ , TTebe 3122 .

(h) With I in such a wide and subtle variety of meanings as hardly to be amenable to classification. That given here must be regarded as arbitrary, and the ascription of an example to one category or another is in many cases very doubtful.

In physical sense beside, in the direction of, towards : co cualatar guth mbec ina hingini hi leith in tigi, Irish Texts i 2.18 (cf. Bethu Brigte 38) . rothicfa it' lethe-su will come to thee, Imr. Brain 49 (`to thy parts'; `to your country', Murphy Lyrics). Laighnigh i leith do dhroma behind you, DDána 101.53 . i leith leaptha red lennán, BS 46.4 . With follg. DO: a leith don chaislēn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 26.24 . a leith da druim from behind, TTebe 1016 . Cf. forsin marcsluag do bi l.¤ da ndruim behind them, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . = a leith a ndroma, ALC i 376.18 .

Of kinship, family connection: hua-som Codiáir moir . . . i ll.¤ o mathair on the mother's side, LU 1136 ( ACC § 121 Comm. ). dáermacne . . . a lleth o mathrechaib, TBC-LL¹ 1739. ar ni boi astig nech bad glica a l.¤ o mnaib `weil im Hause auf Seiten der Frauen keine Klügere war', ZCP xiii 270.6 . comdais meic do Mac-Con na trī Fothaid gē beit i leith Sīl Fergusa, Corp. Gen. 263 . sil a leith ciníl do chríadh, Irish Texts ii 35 § 31 . leanfa D. . . . i leith athar rian na Róisteach, Ó Bruad. i 110.3 . ? enmac do fhácuib do chloinn / ina leith do Tuathaib Temra, Irish Texts ii 23 § 12.

téit i l.¤ joins forces with: resorts to, places one's trust in, seeks refuge in: ós éigin dóibh dola id leith `they will surely join thee', Aithd. D. 24.18 . a luas . . . / do-chuas i leith láimhe libh `the speed with which men flocked to thee', 77.22 . dol na l.¤ dí ní digha, Irish Texts ii 57 § 4. Cf. dochóidh . . . / Muire i leith mh'oige d'fhighe `Mary . . . has set about weaving my nature', PBocht 12.28 . leabhair Chaisil is chláir Macha / nír mheiste dhóibh dol 'na leith, L. Cl. A. B. 237.10 . dola a leith na leabhar linn, KMMisc. 174 § 29 . cách i leith a deisi ag dul resorting to force (?), L. Cl. A. B. 193.92 . mar thug láimh fá chreich na Cásg / a leith a grásd do-cháidh Crísd, IGT Decl. ex. 1001 ( DDána 38.6 ). ní a leith a chémend do-chúaidh / an Múaid ag breith lémend lúidh was not content to proceed at its normal pace(?), IGT ex. 1256 .

fo-ceird (cuirid) i leith assigns to, ascribes to: curther a n-ugturas hi lleith Duid a oenur, Hib. Min. 128 (of Psalms). is e Ferceirtni cuires in irad so i ll.¤ na n-ugdar ┐ ite na hugdar (sic) i cuirter l.¤ , BB 299b36 - 7 . ferta . . . meic Dé do chur i lleth Belzebúb to give B. the credit for, PH 6436 . is e fath ara cuirther primhdhacht i lleith na tri mberla sin `superiority is claimed on behalf of', Auraic. 162. Cf. ilmuine mic Dé nacha cuiridhsi i far leth feisin `which claim not ye for yourselves', Laws i 22.22 Comm . Also charges with, lays to the account of, attributes to: is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni, Alex. 946 . Críoch Chonnacht a ndúthchas féin/ na leith ní cuirthe mar chéim `is not to be brought as a charge against them', Content. vi 91 . ar n-éara 'n-a leith na léigidh `let not my rejection ever be brought (as a proof of carelessness) against Thy work', Aithd. D. 77.17 . cuir 'n-a leith do chosg do chean / an rosg do bheith ag briseadh, DDána 27.4 . dá gcuirthear uabhar i leith fir aca, TSh. 9368. Cf. ar an máthair atá id leith `thy supposed mother', Keat. ii 6353.

In phrases with other trans. verbs in sense of committing, entrusting to: nít erpi i lled nach áili `with any one else', Wb. 1d10 . lecam ar ráma úan isa muir ┐ foncerddam i ll.¤ ar Tigernai `let us cast ourselves upon our Lord', Ériu xi 137.8 . cuir hobair a leith an Tighearna `commit thy works unto', Proverbs xvi 3 . lecsiu immurgo i ldeth nDe mess for a menmain-som `leave it . . . to God', Mon. Tall. 148.11 . do ré[i]r is ad l.¤ legmuid, Ériu iv 224 § 48 . caingne in tsenaidh . . . do lecon i lleith na ndea `to trust to the gods', CCath. 4549. ar ndíon 'n-a leith ná leigeadh (of Christ's wounds), DDána 48.8 . cipe leces a furtacht ┐ a cobhair i lleith in Coimdedh, ZCP iv 390.13 .

With vb. to be expressed or understood relying on, engaged in etc.: arn-iumramh a leith Dé under God's protection, KMMisc. 322 § 5 . bím i leith guidhe do ghrás `I trust in imploring Thy grace', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 1 . bíom 'na leith i ló an bhrátha / dom dhíon ar eagla an ursgátha, DDána 12.14 . i leith fhaghla ós eadh atá bent on(?), 106.4 . láeich a leith a farchadh `handling their mauls', Studies 1920, 417.20 . Here also perh. gé tú inníu i lleith eiseine (? leg. eisléine), Anecd. ii 22 § 9. Cf. i lleith leinne, LL 18172.

On the side of, along with, in support of: hóre attá innar leid cia conicc ní dúun gl. pro nobis, Wb. 4b11 . robu ferr leu buith hi leith Duaid on David's side (in battle), Ml. 87c4 . robbet inna lobrān leith / ria ndul i ṅgnūis spirta nóib `may they be on the side of her weaklings', Thes. ii 348.5 ( Hy. v 90 ). bīd 'na leith used to be with him, ACL iii 307 § 27 . ? uair is ina leath itá (`since it concerns them(?)'), Leb. Cert.² 260 . ar tí airm do chur ar a chois arís a leith an rí in support of, Rel. Celt. ii 202.29 . sé 'n-a leath acht go léigdís had they allowed Him to help them (the two thieves), Dán Dé xx 25 . Perh. also: fágthar misi a leath a bhfuil sa bhfaithedh let me be left to take charge of all [the foes] who are on the field, 23 I 1, 66.18 . an banntigerna bís orra . . . a l.¤ a lámh bítt na mná so [do]gres `are always obedient to her', Maund. 135.

With respect to, concerning, in the case of: dogniat . . . guchoibsenae do thuildiud indaldeth fadesin do tormuch pende foraib `make false confessions about themselves', Mon. Tall. 153.1 . a cion i leith an leanaibh her crime as regards the child, A. Ó Dálaigh li 21 . cenn Muman i lleith o clercibh `as regards its clerics', CS 1008. Perh. also: mar dhaingean i leith a láimhe `to strengthen his hand', PBocht 1.41 . tlás a l.¤ lamh, Irish Texts ii 31 § 3 . a leth laithe `according to the day', Leb. Gab.(i) 240.y .

Various: in mil . . . do rinne in foguil; is a dul ina leth `it (the beast on which the lot falls) goes for its crime', Laws ii 6.30 Comm . in gell do tuitim i lleth in ti tucustur he `the hostage surety falls upon the person', 136.21 Comm . i leith fheirge is eadh a-tá / nach deirge an cneadh an chéad-lá `owing to his wrath', Dán Dé xxviii 7 . a dtéid duid do na deich genoibh / tuig soin san leith ina libh `think of thy share in the ten nuts only in the aspect in which it is thine', PBocht 7.27 .

(i) In phr. i le(i)th fri, in O. Ir. glosses a ll.¤ fri, where a is a s. neut. of article, cf. later l.¤ re without prep. (below).

In the direction of, towards : a nem hitat aingil i n-uachtar ┐ firmimint a ll.¤ frinnai ille `on the side towards us', Ml. 42b10 . i lleth friusom opposite them, LU 1987 ( FA 5 ). i leith risin muir moir, CCath. 1942 . ni dechaid A. isna crichaib borétaib i ll.¤ fri téchtmuir, Alex. 437 . i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda with, BCrólige 57 gl. 7 . Cf. cidh il-leth in tigi fris even in the other side of the house, Lism. L. 1483. Similarly l.¤ fri: isin rann tuaidh do na Deisibh l.¤ le hEoghanact, ITS xvi 56.4 . leath re Hierusalem towards J., Isaiah vii 1 . Of time: hi l.¤ fri aidchi towards nightfall, RC xxii 394.8 .

More freq. as regards, with respect to, in the matter of, touching : a lled fri Abracham `as regards A.', Wb. 2c3 . a lled friss fadesin, 6c18 . a lled fri spirut gl. spiritaliter examinatur, 8b16 . a lleth frissan ingraim gl. quantum ad praesentem causam pertinet, Études Celt. xl 59 ( Ml. 30b2 ). cidh is fis, ┐ cidh is anfis . . . a leith reisin comairce?, Laws iv 228.15 . i ll.¤ fri do[i]nib . . . i ll.¤ fri Dia, Rawl. 75a47 . i leith re claidem when it comes to a sword, SG 248.17 . ro taiselbad he i leith risin fer `it was ascribed to', Laws i 34.10 Comm . is uasal i lleith re tabuirt `when considered as a gift', v 214.17 Comm . cinntech i l.¤ fri Dia, PH 6218 . i lleith ra hiris Críst, Anecd. iii 64.22 . ní measa fian Chaisil Chuirc / i leith re déanamh gach uilc, Content. ii 3 . ar gheallsad sliocht Éibhir Ḟinn / do chomhaillsead i leith rinn `in our regard,' vi 101 . a leith re hóglách m'aosú for a youth of my age, BS 44.8 . ba mór an techt (écht) hisin i l.¤ re mac taoísigh, AFM iii 648.14 . In BCC and Beatha S.F. often l.¤ re without prec. prep.: leith riu as regards them, BCC 18.13 (§ 33) . l.¤ re Día, 90.4 (§ 94) . leith re haibíd, Beatha S. F. 1397 . leith re sbioraid, 683 . In some contexts with more specific meaning of because of, by reason of, by, through : is ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam i ll.¤ frit-sa `owing to thee', MacCongl. 57.7 . a leith ré huathbhás with awe, Ó Héodhusa 66.z . l.¤ re do glicus fein `according to', Celtica ii 62.22 . do leag Dia a lámh air leith re heasláinte righinn do chur ar a chorp. Beatha S. F. 154 . In follg. perh. against : i dteach nDé do ria an ríoghan / Dia lé i leath ris an saoghal, DDána 99.38 (`against the world', Ir. Monthly 1919, 227 ). guais a lonn-ḟuighle i leith ribh, Content. vii 8. But: tiucfaid Laighin a leith ribh / beith at aighidh ni heidir on your side, Irish Texts ii 98 § 15 . Other exx. with follg. FRI: leath re Fodla fuil Uidhir / Fodla ni fuil 'na aghaidh `auf Fodlas Seite ist Odars Blut', ZCP ii 331.29 . gan neach d'Eirinn 'na aghuidh / is l.¤ re Heirind Ulaigh `sind auf Erins Seite die Ulaten', 332.1 . si-se leath re Lámhach, DDána 98.38 . ní bhiadh . . . / leath ag Dia ris na daoinibh `God would not have come among men', Aithd. D. 98.5 . For Mod. Ir. maidir le, mar le (mad i l.¤ fri) see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 14.

(j) In phrases replacing earlier ille, immalle: o sin i leith, Anecd. ii 3.8 (= i lle, Airne F. 77 ). ón ló sin i lleath, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1180 . o shin a leath, Smaointe B. Chr. 169. a hAlbain a leith, AFM iii 366.z . Cf. toit cuccum-sa i lletsa `on this side', CCath. 2982 . `rosc' tuigsin gach neich ma le, Metr. Gl. 11 § 10 (maleith, LL).

B In meaning half .

I

(a) a half, the half (of): ni roisset á l.¤-adi gl. mediam aetatem, Ml. 74a11 . ni arindí bed l.¤ ṅgotho no bed indib (ref. to semiuocales), Sg. 5a4 . a ll.¤ o laim deiss gl. dexteram . . . partem, 17b2 . dephtoros dodichsed inna leith chomsuidigthi `would enter as half of the compound', 18a4 . l.¤ ind orpi-so `half of this heritage', Thes. ii 239.16 ( Ardm. 17b ). a lleith n-aill, AU 747 . a leath na cille, 836 . isindara l.¤ in lestair ┐ in l.¤ n-aill dō-sum, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.6) . o leuth lathi, SR 8041 . l.¤ fer nAlban, Anecd. i 1.2 ( SCano 3 ). l.¤ nó trían do chruth, TBFr. 224 . l.¤ na haidche, Fing. R. 791. i leith laoi at midday, DDána 42.3 . l.¤ ruith ┐ l.¤ gabra `riders in chariots and riders on horses' (notes), BDD² 460 . ní rabi la Ultu láth gaile rosassad l.¤ méite fair, LU 9184 ( FB 91 ). co n-acca ara chind in fer ┐ l.¤ a chind fair ┐ l.¤ fir aile fora muin, LU 4933 ( TBC-I¹ 448 ). dagénsa dá leth de (a warrior), LU 5306 ( TBC-I¹ 829 ). leca lógmara . . . ┐ a llethe úachtarcha ina lócharnaib, LU 2055 ( FA 13 ). trían nó l.¤ a ḟeraind, Imr. Brain 46.13 . mo trín is luga lethi, LL 11031 ( TBC-LL¹ 4198 ). mo trian is luga lethe, TBC St. 3501 . secib ni foghailther a ndiph randaip raiter in dara rand co rab l.¤ cin cob cudruma, Auraic. 2925 . comortus andso se fer 'na leit[h] secha so híos `in the half below' (scribal note), TTebe xvii 26 . ro-scoilt bend-chapur in tempuil in ṅdíb lethib, PH 2896 . i ngach leith don ló `every hour of the day' ( Ir. Monthly 1927, 551 ), DDána 106.4 . gé atá a leath do Cinedh Conuill although half of it belongs to, Irish Texts ii 42 § 16 . do gheibhinn-si . . . / . . . / t'uille ┐ leath do leabtha, TD 14.17 . ní as lía iná l.¤ na nguth (of votes), RSClára 98a . gur thuit in cath-milid C. ina lethib leadairthi, MR 270.16 . do gerr conuige a l.¤ é `clave him to his middle', Fier. 225 . úachtarán leithe Ierusalem, Nehemiah iii 9. ? am luidset co leth lenna, feimidset imram nach leth `when they had got half way across', Dinds. 5.

(b) In legal contexts: lóg leith ungæ di muccib `half an ounce in pigs', Thes. ii 239.19 (Ardm.). trichait l.¤ n-unga n-argait, SR 3152 . na coic leithe unga, RC x 94.2 . l.¤ .uii. cumal a smacht cana, Ir. Recht 37.16 . coraigecht aenmna re bliadain dam . . . ┐ l.¤ feissi dogrés `half-conjugal society', Acall. 4955 (SG). trian n-urgnama, a l.¤ do mnai do gni half of it (milk) to the woman who does the work, Laws ii 364.23 . l.¤ do fir fodngaib, l.¤ n-aill do faithchi hi fogabar, iv 184.18 (of swarming bees). l.¤ méich tharai a half measure of kiln-dried wheat, Críth G. 111 . l.¤ n-arathair a half share in a plough, 158 . díre a béla colpda(i)ch; a l.¤ dia ḟidbu, etc., 247 . secht fuile cena dia mbeir liaig l.¤ half-fee, Laws v 362.15 . let leithi in trin one-half of one-half, ii 366.2 Comm .

(c) Of territorial divisions: cu ru raind Hérinn dar dó ┐ co tuc in l.¤ ro boí sís d'Hérind do Thúaith Dé Danann et in l.¤ aile do Maccaib Míled, MU² 5 , 6 . leath / indsi móiri Mac Mílead, Leb. Cert.² 263 . rannfa meise . . . / i ndíbh leithibh críoch fhuar Éireann, DDána 111.8 . Domnall mac dā leithi (.i. al-l.¤ tes ┐ tūaid dind Érinn), ZCP xii 236 § 56 , cf. in fíal Fer dá lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 . On the traditional division of Ireland into L. Cuinn and L. Moga see O'Rahilly, EIHM 191 - 2 . Lex aui Suanaich for Leith Cuinn, AU 748 . ruc leth na muici cona druim ó Leith Cuinn, Sc.M² 18 R . Mug Nuadat a quo leth Moga N., Rawl. 147b19 . tairct[h]er leth Érenn uait-si do C[h]onn, ML² 904. Note further: roiniudh for Gallu Locha Cuan re Leith Cathail, AU 943 . leath Branuigh `O' Byrne's half', LBranach 67 . G. . . . ri lethi iarthuraigi Ceneoil Aeda, Ann. Conn. 1224.6 . dala immorro na lethe thess do Chonnachtaib, 1225.14 .

(d) In phr. l.¤ catha, l.¤ gliad (fitting) opponent in battle, adversary: l.¤ catha, TBC-I¹ 3289 (of Celtchar) = TBC-LL¹ 5394. bud leór l.¤ catha do ḟeraib hÉrend siat ac cosnam a tigerna, 5708 . l.¤ gliad, TBC-I¹ 3252 (Rochaid) = TBC-LL¹ 5315. Hence without accompanying gen: is suaill nach leath doib Domnall all but a match for them, Prolegomena 44 § 18 . do budh leath dáibh uile í `she would equal them all', PBocht 9.17 . cath do thabhairt dóibh, gion go bhfuilmíd leath nó trian riú, CRR² 26.

(e) Attrib. g s.: eisinnraic leithi `half unworthy', Laws i 116.3 Comm . a gilla glomhuir amuil a amhus lethe (some kind of a servant), ii 26.5 Comm . roinn leithe ar anbhuain Eirenn a bisection, O'Gr. Cat. 464.12 . do gheall tú roinn leatha dhamh ann do thír, Dhá Sgéal Art. 800.

(f) In vaguer sense part, division : cechtar in da leithe sin `each of those two parts', gl. in duas partes diuidere (of the word uires), Sg. 25b6 . is Persa bar leath share(?), Alex. 191. in leath budh mō da rīge, Ériu iv 178 § 32.

In phrases.

II

(a) In phr. co le(i)th and a half : noichtiche co lleuth 29½ days, BCr. 3c ( Thes. ii 10.5 ). sith mbliadhna co l.¤ , AU 1128 (ii 120.12) . fri ré bliadna co lleith, LU 1279 (H). dí ungi co leith, RC x 62.1 . tri huairi dec co ll.¤ , MacCarthy 46.3 . bliadhain go leith, TD 32.40 . míle go leith, Keat. Poems 1345. Meaning doubtful in: dia tí íasc i n-inbera rot bía hé[u] co lleith araile. Dia tí iall a mmag rot bía caúth co lleith araile, LU 5646 ( TBC-I¹ 1168 ) = co leth arale . . . colleith arailiu, ZCP ix 148 - 9 = dia foígela énflaith . . .co lleith alailiu . . . Día tomna . . . iasc . . . co leith arailiu, LU 5526 = co leith allaile . . . co lleth arailiu, TBC-I¹ 1043 = colleith alailiu . . . colleth alailiu, ZCP ix 145.38 . See TBC-LL¹ 1830 ff ., where Windisch's literal translation (see n. 0 ) with the other half (which makes up the pair) does not seem possible; araile, -iu, etc. may have belonged originally to the beginning of the next sentence (see Fasc. A 119.11 ff ), and hé[u] co l.¤ may be a hyperbole.

(b) In phr. for (ar) le(i)th: fer for l.¤ Connacht `more than half the Connaughtmen', Cóir Anm. 251 . gur cosain . . . treab ar l.¤ Alpan dó, IT, ii2 123.32 . ceall ar l.¤ ceall `one more than half of the churches', RC xiv 30 § 8 . duine ar leith fer nErenn, SG 20.36 . triar for leith a sluag foracbaiset half their army plus three, RC vi 188.13 .

Compds.

In meaning A.

(a) Perh. in sense of -sided in: lethchil .i. lethchlāen, Corm. Y 318 . gruaidh leathchorcra ar lí na subh, L. Cl. A. B. 193.90 . drech lethderg lethgabur (description of Conall Cernach), LU 8636 ( FB 47 ). do Meidbh Lethdeirg, ZCP xi 42 § 28 . do thaeb lethḟas bare, Mart. Tall. 112.1 . druim na leirge leathfholamh, Aithd. D. 20.26 . it é lethgabra amal Conall Cernach, BDD² 1150 , taken in BDD and by Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 as subst. ` centaur ', cf. lethghabar .i. lethech, H 3.18, 532.14 ; but cf. gabar .i. solus, Lec. Gl. 536 and see 2 gabor. as aigi-siomh fil in drec[h] lethgabar (of Genonn Gruadṡolus), TBC St. 4500. ag goradh a ghruaidh leithghil, L. Cl. A. B. 90.78 . Luoch Lethglass . . . lethglass e o talmain go mullach a cinn green-sided(?), RC xii 100 § 136. ? Dun da Lethglas, IT iii 40 § 34 (see Hog. Onom.). senchas lethmáel `pointless', Metr. Dinds. iv 24.24 . sluagh lethodar, Leb. Cert. 4.16 . ? bloscad inna gréne frisinna margánu lethrati, ZCP viii 175.24 . cuing leth-remor 'na leth-leirg `broad-flanked', Metr. Dinds. ii 46.10 .

(b) More partic. ¤ard etc. lit. (high) at one side, hence uneven, unequal: measam laidi (leg. lige) lethard lopsided, ZCP xvii 69 § 9 = ACL iii 230.155 . Usually in more abstr. sense unequal, unfair , etc.: claen cach lethard, O'Curry 351 ( H 3.18, 193b ). dire l., BCrólige 5 . tacra la leath-ard n-ae `to plead in support of an unequal cause', Laws v 252.11 . In Laws Comm. freq. lethairde: fo comairdi no fo leithairde `equally or unequally', iii 270.7 . comhroinnter eturru fein fo lethairde unequally, iv 254.11 Comm . ba lethard cundartha / ba tomus lettromm `an unequal contract, uneven measure', MacCongl. 73.29 - 30 . cid lethard a ngrād, BColm. 34.1 . im lethard rainne unfair division(?), ZCP xii 365.2 . ba lethfota a lám one of his arms was longer than the other, iii 218 § 24 . adhaigh is lá go leathfhada `of unequal length', Aithd. D. 61.20 . nī bu leithísel in mám down at one side, Hy. v 56. Hence with certain adjj. of defective rhymes: coic fodhla arē ccuibdes oll: / leathfoda, leathtend, leathtrom, / bruilingicht, nī bec in col, / let[h]garbh gin a lesugud, ZCP xii 295 § 6. See lettrom etc.

(c) Hence with nouns meaning judgement, opinion, contract etc. onesided, partial, prejudiced: ar n-aonbhrath breithimh-ne san Luan ní bu leathaighne partial advocate, Aithd. D. 55.7 . leathbháidh fil agat re hÓ F., Maguires of F. 18 . can lethbreath iter saidbir ┐ daidbir impartial, YBL 167b39 . ar in lethbreth ruc A. imon ubull orda, Aen. 211 . leith-bhreath le báidh ní bhéara Ó Fearadhaigh, DDána 109.20 . leithbr[ia]thar accusation(?), Acall. 7995. masa lethbrostu . . . no masa combrostu setting-on on one side (of dogs fighting), Laws iii 196.1 Comm . cia lethcoimpert i n-airbert breithe (improper behaviour in a judge), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ) = O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20 ), see ZCP xv 355 . arin lethcumaid dorōine sé ara brōgaib fēin sech brōgaib na manach the partial treatment he gave to his own shoes, ZCP iii 33.6 . lethchuma ar Ghilla Dé / ní cuibe do'n té dogní `an injustice to G.D.', SG 284.5 . do leath-chumaidh ar an gcuid oile don mheithil unfairly, TSh. 10134 . lethedargaire, MR 262.23 . is fer lethetrana do chuaid etarru biassed mediator, Laws iii 196.11 Comm . in t-ochtmad aithne:— na dena leth-fhiadnaise false witness, PH 7619. leath-ghrádh oide idir dhaltaibh favouritism, Content. xiv 13 . Cf. (adj.) dá gcor i sochar leith-leasach dhóibh féin to their own advantage, TSh. 7103. ? freagra do lethluith, O'Dav. 1510 . bíd in éudach coitchenn gan lethpháirt ar bioth `partiality' (i.e. particularity), RSClára 73b . Cf. leathrannach partial, unfair, Eochairsg. 11.31 . partial (poetic) knowledge : nemṡós, lethṡós, lánṡós 'no knowledge, partial knowledge, full knowledge' Ériu xxxii 62 § 1 . ro gníd lethinacht (= lethṡmacht) mór fair injustice, LL 217a33 ( TTr. 22 ). Cf. doghnid Ioip lethsmacht aturu, D IV 2, 26rb48 = BB 4a21 = 411b26 . ni dhearnaidh leathtrom na leathsmacht, 23 E 26, 289.11 . Hence: mad fleteg ledmagtach dogneid dind æclis, Wb. 11d16 (`factions', Gwynn, Hermathena xx 63 ). aighi (aigne ?) lethsmachtach partial advocate(?), ZCP xii 364.27 . brethem beris breith for leth tagra cin imaidbi without hearing both sides(?), Laws v 354.1 . See leithscél, etc. With similar shade of meaning in adjj.: ro bátar leithriata uile fri Poimp ar tus [cein] co táinic Césair `on the side of P.', CCath. 1244 (leitreta, v.l.) is mor is lethreta in cined doenna frisiṅ dualaig-sin in ecnaig inclined to, PH 6876.

(d) Pleonastically with words meaning side, edge, border. The following examples properly belong to sense B and should be considered under (f) Ériu liii 179-80 : dar let[h]bord in longpuirt `edge', CCath. 5431 . lámh le leathbhord along the frontier, DDána 96.13 . i leithimeal Mhuidhe Dermuidhe, Flower Cat. 471.32 . fa leithimel Conmaicne, AFM vi 1882.4 . medhōn idir dhā leithimell do chonngbhāil between two extremes, Celtica i 194.1078 . Cf. frém lethimeallach an láidaigáin `the exterior radix of the little finger', O'Gr. Cat. 287.31 . nirbo fota ro bai an cath can dul do lethleth `inclining to one of the two sides', CCath. 5742 . do leith-leith na sligedh `on each side of the road', Fl. Earls 162.4 . leithreadh .i. leithleith. robdar leithreadha .i. dochuadar do leithleith, no dén táobh, O'Cl. `leath-luighe leaning', Eg. Gl. 421. See lettáeb, etc.

In meaning B.

(a) In a variety of compds. in meaning half: fer lethbali, MU² 195 (`half-township', Gloss.). bith for lethbargin `a half-ration of bread', Ériu vii 162.z . ? midben .i. lethben nó lethuagh fobīth in toraind bis iter indalæ ben de, O'Mulc. 823 . samaisc i llethbeirt half a bundle, Críth G. 213. ailid cach ben . . . lethbiathad a ceile di `half the refection', BCrólige 56 . ? for lethblai baíth, LL 211a7 (see Metr. Dinds. ii 20.48 ). leth-chanóin `demi-cannon', AFM v 1732.13 . lethcoir n-urnadma `das halbe Ordnungsmässige der Antrauung', Ir. Recht 37.20 . mad lechur (= leth-chur) .i. forgiallnai, O'Curry 829 ( H 3.18, 380 ). fosuididter in ben lethdam in fir half the husband's retinue, Laws ii 386.6 . lethdei = semidei, Auraic. 2920 . lethdrécht . . . i ngort `a half-day's labour', Críth G. 84 (see note). a ndo[ro]chair . . . de lethdoinib . . . dineoch nad roacht cridiu cathae shirkers(?), RC xii 104 § 148 . Cf. co torchair fer ┐ lethfer fer nÉrenn leis, Comp. CC 109.18 , perh. a mere turn of phrase, cf. ech ┐ letheach fer nÉrenn, 11 . lethfeidm laech `half effort', Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 7 . aire forgill in lethḟira `des Halb Schwurs', Cóic Con. 38 § 52 . do leith fitt `half-ration', Mon. Tall. 156.20 . lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe, Laws iv 350.12 . Christo tantum seruit .i. cen ledfognam coiugio without partial service coniugio , Wb. 10a24 . ? dlighidh saerbiathad deisi, ┐ boin lethgabala `a cow of the second quality', Laws iv 350.y . geni gaba acht lethgabail de, 212.z . aithgin cona lethgabail diabulta `with double half-seizure', v 168.4 Comm . a lethgabol (-ál ?) étaig do brutt `half of clothes for mantle', Ériu i 220 § 14 . ¤gáe half-length spear, short spear(?) (possibly one of a pair of spears) : i suainem in let[h]ga letartaigh, CCath. 5598 . lethgai londrecha lasamna, TTebe 1400 . do lethgāethib lethna lict[h]i `half-spears for throwing', Fianaig. 90.1 . an tres fross do lethghaibh, TFrag. 182.6 . ¤Gall Of people of the Hebrides ( Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 14 ): uainn do Lethghallaibh léig[idh], Celtica x 196 § 11 . abbas Leithglinne, AU 639 . in Leth-innsi, 1412 (iii 64.2) . leathloghadh (opp. to lánloghadh) `partial indulgence', Mac Aingil 6421 . ? fri tōeb in lāir leithlessi (-lisse, v.l.) `half-ruined fort', Ériu vii 2.17 . nocht-aile isin lethmachaire `half (cleared) plain', O'Dav. 963 , cf. Laws iv 72.18 Comm ; 'pastureland occasionally tilled (?)' Landscape Archaeology in Ireland 248 . leathnomen = lesainm, ZCP iii 226.13 , cf. leth-ainm fir annatha, Anecd. ii 52.6 . lethol n-ais ó cach airig, Irish Texts i 19 § 5 . fuillem cacha leth-oile, Laws v 414.1 . cét lóeg ┐ di lethorc half-grown pigs (?), LU 6930 ( BDD 54 ). for hErainn cen lethrainn undivided, SR 2351 (cf. Wortk. vi 949 ). Bicair Leth-ratha, AU 1490 (iii 346.4) . cosc sair ┐ dair ┐ lethair 'half-noble' = lethṡáer, Celtica xxiv 38 . a laim leathaer sealba, CIH i 210.25 . .i. i lethsuir na selba, 211.1 . Cf. CIH v 1861.16, 18 , vi 2020.18, 19 . tri gnuidh do lea[th]scoilteach `half-cleavings', IT iii 196.6 . ic leithṡeolad ┐ ic lánṡeolad ri lethgaethaib with shortened sail (?), LL 236a33 - 4 ( TTr. 1431 ). leith slighidh half way, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 30.24 . emisperium .i. letspeir, Ir. Astr. Tr. 88.12 . ni tairgend a hathair lethtinol le, Ir. Recht 37.22 . cutrumu leth-tochusa in fir gusa teit `half the property,' Laws v 290.6 Comm . ní fhuaras . . . / leath-tail óm chéill chorpardha `I have not found even grudging obedience', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 11 . letorud . . . asin chulid half-produce, Lism. L. 321.16 . ? tech . . . amal bid lethuaim aicenta, ZCP xvii 232.4 .

(b) With names of measures, numbers, periods of time, etc.: leathbhannlá, Párl. na mB. 558 . hi cciunn lethbliadna, RC xxvi 366.18 . tri lethcheat do feraibh Airghiall, 150 men, ZCP xiv 234.12 . fiche bairghen . . . san leithcheathramhain, L. Cl. A. B. 46.15 . adopart teora lethindli trea thír Patricio, Thes. ii 239.6 ( Ardm. 17b ). cetra lá ┐ leith-seachtmuin, Acall. 775 . tigerna na Le[th]-Trian, AU 1538 (iii 620.10) . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 ( Thes. ii 14 ). fri re leth-uaire, PH 2475.

(c) With names of units of value: ledhcethramuine mir a cuidach do chuit S., Trans. RIA xv 19.23 . secht leth-cumala, O'Dav. 746 . leth-cumal i mmuin in tanaise, Laws v 400.x . leithdhéighe ar dhuine ealadhan dá ngealltar eich ┐ ba dhó, L. Cl. A. B. 45.9 . bo ag leth-loige, Laws v 402.z . ledhmharg, Trans. RIA xv 29.4 . lethmiach, O'Curry 1557 ( BB 185bb ). lethpinginn ar lacht caerach, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191 ). fere obillo dignus .i. ní ferr lethscripul, Sg. 49b10 . screpall cach eledna, no leth-screpall cach nem-eledna, Laws v 334.24 Comm . is let[h]sét inna lóg-side, Ériu xvii 70 § 10. na .v. lethuinge, BCrólige 20 gl. 5 . dorat side .xxx. leth-unga n-argaid da cind, BB 237b22 .

(d) With names of fines, penalties, fees etc.: lethaithgein moíne móges, Críth G. 273 . leth-fir testa leth-arra `half the proof of witness or half-security', Laws ii 92.8 Comm . dligid Ū Gusān cáin a deorad ┐ lethc[h]āin urrad ó ríg Midhi, BColm. 64.25 . a lethdilsi ar .iii. biaduibh co leth mbidh `half forfeiture', Laws ii 264.21 - 22 Comm . lethdire cro otrusa, BCrólige 6 . leithdíri da blāi-neimthib, Cáin Ad. 36 . letheiric otrusa cro gac fir di[a] mnai `half the penalty', BCrólige 6 gl. 4 . laneneclann don mac ina athair, letheneclann do ina senathair, Ir. Recht 40.22 . mād étged nō anfes, lethfīach ind, Cáin Ad. 35 . ioctar lethfiach anfocail ria, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4a ). im aradain ┐ im lethfrichnam na trebaire `half the service of the husbandry', Laws ii 392.12 Comm . leth-fuillem gill cauich (= cuaich) cach rig do chuuch cach airech, v 412.11 . lan gille ┐ lethgille, i 260.19 . na dlegat lethiarra doib `are not entitled to half fosterage-fee', 198.2 . bedidh leth lan (lethlán ?) ngell do tuit for cach, ii 136.17 . lethlóg [n-]enech cach gráid túaithe, Críth G. 217 . direanur lethriaruib beusuib cétgiallna, O'D. 510 ( H 3.17, 415 ). do-beir lethsmacht ina sarugud, Ir. Recht 37.21 .

(e) With names of phonetic and metrical features: leath-aimser for taebomnaib half-length, Auraic. 1211 . áram f la lethguthaigthi `semivowels', Sg. 6a10 . in[n]a lethguta cetus .i. f, l, m, n, r, s, x, Auraic. 2904 . leathgutta ┐ mudi, 344 . it cosmaili a ndī lethc[h]omarc half-quatrains, Corm. Y 574 , cf. O'Mulc. 391 . cati a lethc[h]omarc ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.9) . lethcuibdius `an internal half-rhyme', Auraic. 3839 . dechnad mór ┐ lethdechnad (a metre), IT iii 6 § 5. lethmíbasc name of a metre, 49 § 89 . ni chuille luthbas lethnath (kind of poem ?), Ériu xiii 18.18 ( O'Dav. 1164 ). in lethrand hīsiu dano .i. imommloiscet mo dā n-ō prūll— caiti a lethrann ? what is its corresponding couplet ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.20) . ina lethrann tuíseach, IT iii 7 n.3 , see p. 128 . gēb-sa lethrand dús in ba cubaid frissa ṅgēba-som, Fing. R. 119. With rannaigecht of metres with shortened line: leth-randaigecht mor corranach, IT iii 82 § 63 . cumasc leth-randaigechta moiri ┐ rindairde, § 64.

(f) With names of things existing or thought of in pairs. See also examples listed above in section (d). Of parts of the body: lethail (óil) gl. mala, Ir. Gl. 90 . i lleithóil a meic `one of her son's cheeks', Cáin Ad. 12 . flesc . . . . do erissem dia lethlaim furi ┐ lorc isind laim aili `so that their one hand may rest on it', Ml. 45c9 . a lethchoss geidh you one-legged goose (lit. one leg of a goose), IT iii 102 § 190 . for lethcois ┐ letsuil standing on one foot and with one eye closed, RC xii 98 § 129 . co tard a leathgúalainn fria hursaind in tigi, BDD² 542 . dligid in rí a leathgualainn 'the king is entitled to sit beside him', Leb. Cert.² 583 . fó a leth-oscail deis, ZCP v 526.24 . tuc buille ina lethchíg shoiscéla, SG 41.4 . mó ná both leptha a lethchlúas, Metr. Dinds. iv 138.74 . ma ro benad a lethchos, no a lethlam . . . do duine no lethbel, Laws iii 348.11 - 12 Comm . dlighid dno ri A. . . . leathlaimh rig Erend ig ol ┐ ac aenach to be beside, BB 274a4 . ┐ se baccach, leth-roisc, PH 620 . lethsciath `one of thy wings', RC xx 48.6 . ro-s-bensat a leth-shuil ṅdeiss asa chind, PH 553 . gallgha dan lán do leathdorn, DDána 84.45 . a leathára ┐ íth muice, L. Cl. A. B. 45.11 . leathuille dheas Í Dhomhnoill, TD 27.20 . ócc-laech leth-ruisc clí, BNnÉ 94.8 . stuadhus a lethghlún . . . ar bhéaluibh Ḟinn, CF 253 (Eg.) = a glun deas, text. In B. na f.: lethrend .i. lethchos: dā lú is lethrend dībh co losc, ZCP v 484 § 6. Of weapons: 'na leathgrúaidh, Duan. F. ii 224 § 7 . im chechtar a da lethdorn in chlaidib, LL 237b38 ( TTr. 1548 ). Fig. leathlámh, a Dhé, im dhál distress my portion, Aithd. D. 52.1 . ? tríocha laoch gan leathlámha, DDána 86.32 . In deriv. adjj.: misi . . . co leath-lámach, MR 308.7 . tri náimhde . . . lethṡúilecha one-eyed, Acall. 6248. Less exactly with names of other parts of the body: baluid dia lethagid in luirg, TBC-LL¹ 651 . imspelip dano .i. bīd folt cechtar na dā lethc[h]end on each side of the head, Corm. Y 1091 . bit lir . . . renda nime far leithchind ┐ far lethchloigind, BDD² 861 - 2 . lamha leoiti ┐ leithcind letarda, CCath. 3179 . dar leit[h]cenn Sleibi Ois, 4770 . tecmait da sleig inna dib leth-foltaib two tresses(?), LU 4359 . gidh a leathfolt gidh a lanfolt gatar du duine, O'D. 2334 ( Rawl. 506, 36 ). gur leadair in leath-ucht ┐ in leath-bhruinne, MR 300.1 . ro ber[r]tha a lethu[l]chi, SR 6720 (= rasit . . . dimidiam partem barbae, 2 Reg. x 4 ). conda tarla fora lethbeólu lopsided, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). Note also the adj. lethcholpthach of a defective cow injured in a leg, limping(?): mat leth-colpthach, O'Curry 250 ( H 3.18, 145a ). intan . . . ropo lethcolb in set, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191b ) = O'D. 662 ( H 3.17, 492a ). cid caoch cíd lethcolptach iat, O'D. 855 ( H 3.17, 609 ). cid lecholb, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16b ). cid lethcolpach iat, O'D. 1646 ( H 5.15, 20a ). Cf. intan roba chaech no crín no bacach in sét, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16 ).

With a large variety of other nouns in sense of one of two, one of a pair : ní thuc acht lethassa imme `one shoe', Fél. 12.28 . doníter long . . . do lethblaeisc na huidhi (leg. huighe) sin one half-shell, RC xxiv 377.5 . iall lethbraigi (= bróice), IT iii 81 § 59 . gabaid leithchenn na cloiche, Acall. 2176. genelach húa nEchach Coba ┐ is iat-side let[h]chenēl (lethcenelach, v.l.) Dāl nAraidi, Corp. Gen. 326 (162b13) . dobered-sum lethcluiche forra he would win his game from them, RC v 199.27 . lethcnaim a rig, Laws v 354.5 . led-chollbe flatho `one of the two pillars of the kingdom', Wb. 23d31 . lethcholbe flatho .i. Brigit, Thes. ii 326.3 ( Hy. iv 9 ). leathchonchlonn eile an Íobhail `the Jew's companion', Aithd. D. 94.3 . lethchosmailius lesom inso trisa cotarsnae one member of a comparison, Ml. 30d19 . 37d10 . ro gab a leth-chuarán de, Lib. Hymn. i 187.32 . dom leathchuing fhir ealadhna to my fellow-poet, DDána 76.21 , cf. Aithd. D. 13.22 . nochar leathchumthach leanna / A. `no solitary drinker of his feast', Aithd. D. 42.11 . dá leath-dhlaoi an dréimire the two uprights, TSh. 10832 . tainic ar inchaibh a lethemain `his twin brother', CCath. 2068 . lethén in eóin allmaraig the foreign bird's mate, GJ iv 42b22 . claideb lethḟáebair one-edged, TBC-LL¹ 1718 . aos lethḟaobhoir, ZCP x 285.6 . Cf. cletine .i. lethfaobrach, O'Dav. 568 . is lethgabail flatha fri hEoganacht they are entitled to kingship in turn, Irish Texts i 21 § 13 . leithgenelach D. pedigree on the other side, ZCP xiv 70.6 . is do leithgenelaig fer nGréc dóib, Dinds. 128 = do Greccaib a llethcinel, Bodl. Dinds. 14. fria lethéill a bróci do bein de, MacCongl. 47.9 . smacht lethime one side of a boundary-fence(?), Laws v 270.21 Comm .; y Comm . leathlámhann (sic leg.) one glove, Eochairsg. 64.29 . leathmharcach `fellow-horseman', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 406.8 . lethmuincille, RC xxvi 362.6 . a braithre . . . da mharbadh tre leathol fleghi having shared a feast, Caithr. CC 2 (leg. ḟleadhól? But cf. lethdeog fri caindli sorcha, Anecd. i 14.16 = SCano 480 ). Cf. (adj.) iairmeirgi ḟuar leathrannach `nocturns that equally divide (the night)', Acall. 2963 v.l. ( SG ii 178 ) = ZCP vi 271.10 . Indrechtach . . . lethríg Ulad `one of the two kings of U.', Ann. Inisf. 835 . drem na llethríg, Arch. Hib. ii 50 § 32 . leithrí-sede na Mirmidonda `one of the two kings', LL 240a35 ( TTr. 1741 ). i n-aghaidh an fhir do ríoghais / . . . / leithrí má do-ní do námha a rival king, Aithd. D. 31.18 . C. lethrí Ciarraighe do marbadh . . . do ríg na leithe aile do Ciarraigi, RC xvii 397.7 (Tig.). ro chosain Eocho lethrīgi nUlad īar sin fri Muridach, Aided Echach 202 §6 . i leithríge in tsída fri Fiachna sharing the kingdom, SG 57.25 . G. . . . leaththuiseach don cluichi `one of the two leaders', Ériu xii 142.26 . lethorsa gacha tigi oil door-post, Fen. 166.1 .

(g) With various adjj.: fōcra lethamnas, ACL iii 295 § 24. lethbaiti `half-drowned', Aen. 268 . co torchair sís lethbéo, Trip.² 1505 . na daoine leithbheó dying, TSh. 5698 . doroich . . . in ri cusind epscop ┐ se leth-brec half-speckled with fire, RC xxvi 366.18 . lethchaech gl. monoculosus, Ir. Gl. 624 . cailleach lethchāech, ZCP v 22 § 8 . da mbeth fír occa . . . dam[b]adh gó . . . dam[b]ad lethchintach, IT iii 191 § 20 . cith lethchomnart a n-ude half as strong, ZCP xiii 374.13 (= xx 221 ). lethchosgarthai gl. semirutas, Ml. 128b5 . With -chuind (g s. of cond sense) legal of persons non compos mentis: athgabail fir lethcuind, Laws i 200.29 . ainm do amadan . . . in fer lethcuinn, O'Dav. 485 . o murcuirthi leth-cuind, Laws v 82.12 Comm . Cf. co nderna lethincinn di ar mbrisiudh a leithchinn, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n.2 . in cetraime lethdedenach second last, IT iii 74 § 34. leithdeimhin `almost certain', Mac Aingil 2424 . re h-anaicentacht leis na lend-brat . . . leth-fada half-long, MR 180.13 . Treithne Leth[g]leór, LL 4917 . Eithne lethgleoir, Rawl. 134b12 . is hé lethgleóir leithinchind lamfota, TBC-LL¹ 5400 = TBC St. 4408. leithghléoir .i. leathshúil ghlóire. laoch leithghleoir, O'Cl. a siriti lethguill, LU 8879 ( FB 67 ). Sothṅge lethgot (n. pr. f.), Rawl. 134b19 . Leath-lobar mac Find, RC xvii 340.x (Tig.). ledmarb gl. emortuum, Wb. 2c26 . a brathair ledarthi leathmarb, TTebe 1013 . coin brena lethoma, LU 2200 ( FA 28 ). lethshathach gl. semisatur, Ir. Gl. 403 . fear uirísiol bean uasal . . . clann leathuasal tig uatha, Párl. na mB. 577 . anní do tindsgnadh atá sé leathullamh, Carswell 16.12 . This prob. also the sense in lethtenn, lethtrom and lethḟota of consonants in the poem in ZCP xii 295 ( daur, gort, bethe . . . / do leith for leith is leathtroum, § 2 ). ngetal, luiss, ruis cona rinn, | nin ┐ muin ... | ... | fedha lettenna, ZCP xii 295 § 3 . fern is coll is tinne tra | ... | donī in trīan sin ... | lethtenn lān is lāncuibdes, ZCP xii 295 § 4 . coic fodhla ar ēccuibdes oll: leathfoda, leathtend, lethtrom, ZCP xii 295 § 6 . With adv.: lesdruim .i. leas uait [┐ fris] cucut, no leatarsna darin druim bis aicmi muine, Auraic. 988 (i.e. the Ogam notches of the m-group transverse the ridge).

In legal contexts: a mic ro gialla, ni cuirthe curu leathfas, O'Curry 1751 ( 23 Q 6, 33b ). ni cuirther curu lethfasa, O'Curry 1064 ( H 3.18 , 440a ). medon-lax .i. leth-lax, O'Curry 114 ( H 3.18, 72 ). cia leth coimperta indarbthar breithemnas no airbert ae leth-balbh teanga ┐rl. .i. comaircim cia in lucht comairbertnaigther don dara leth um an ae um an caingin, O'Curry 1608 ( 23 Q 6, 5a ) `halb Stummzungige', ZCP xv 355. Similarly: cia leth coimpert inarbtha brethe no airbert ae .i. comaircim cia an lucht comairbertnaigter don dara leth uman ae uman caingin ┐ inarbtar o airbert fethamhnais ┐ brethemnais iad .i. lethbhalb tengaid ┐ lethloisc n-eoluis ┐ lethanbal n-ae, O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20a ), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ), O'D. 1657 ( H 5.15, 22 ), O'D. 1658 (ibid.). fer medongaite leth-indlidhach in ceile `half-unlawful', Laws v 218.17 Comm . O'Curry 2154 - 5 ( Eg. 88, 4a ), O'Curry 2156 ( Eg. 88, 4a ).

(h) Rarely with verbs (mainly for alliteration): cor ben a heochair dar suil Cormaic co ro lethchaech hé, Laws iii 84.1 (Introd. to Lebar Aicle). Ulaidh leis mar leathghabhaid when the Ulaidh take his side, Aithd. D. 20.20 . rí dá lógh do leathtolladh whose side was pierced, 60.2 . ro leithbrisedh ┐ ro lángabhadh an baile, AFM v 1658.20 .

In many nn. loc., both as subst. and as first element of compds. See Hog. Onom.

? órdaigthech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? órdaigthech or dil.ie/33978

n gilt ? cetra clāir i n-uillib ordaigh- theacha, BB 241b35 (of the Jewish Tabernacle) = ina hullib forordaib, LB 120b29 . Of. órdaide.

1 úaithne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 úaithne or dil.ie/42688

Forms: úaithne, úaidhne, úaidne, uatne

n (older úatne ; acc. to O'Rahilly, SGS iii 67 a singulative of úat `wood,' later fúat, q.v. Cf. fúatne)

(a) a post, a prop, a support, a pillar : úaithne úaidhne úaidne m. IGT, Decl. § 2 . uatne .i. uait (v.l. uaid) suigdigter (v.l. suidigtar) in deilb, Corm. Y 1279 . gabhal fulaing, posd, úaitne, más `a base, pillar, undersetter' Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 365 ). Of the supports of a house : grianan in enuaitne (v.l. enuaine) the name of one of the houses at Temair , FDG 27 ( MR 6 ). ro ḟorchongair an caislén do chor ar uaithnedhaibh iar sin, ┐ ro leccadh go lár (a ref. to props used while undermining the walls, foot-note) AFM v 1316.10 . foraim [viz. cenn Duinn Bó] ar an fhuaithne úd thall `place it on yonder post,' TFrag. 46.13 . nicon facatár nech and acht catt bec boí forsind lár oc cluchiu forsna cetheóraib úaitnib lecdaib bátar and. no linged di cech úaitniu for araili, LU 1705 - 6 . luid arísi co rrabi fora úaitni, 1723 . Of the support, post of a bed or couch : benaid a cló n-argit ro boí ina láim frisin n-úaitni créduma inna imda, LU 8273 . iss and bátar for uaitne cerna in cholbai, LL 306b1 . uaithne don iobhar āluinn | fám iomdhaigh, KMMisc. 366 § 7 . tarla mh'ucht fan uaithne ccorr, ib. atconncadair tri huathnedha ... aga himfulang .i. uaitne i ndath snechta ..., RC x 185.24 . comhard re húathnibh na leaptha, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1567 . cetra huaithne um gach leabaid | d'ór is d'airced coimecair, SG 112.5 . the foundations of the earth : an té noch chroitheas an talamh as a áit, agus go ccriothnuighid a úaithnighe, Job ix 6 . Of the supports of the discus : mias adbulmor iaraind no umaidi ar uaitnedaib iaraind 'na lamaib, TTebe 2470 . Cf. gur ab iad [viz. na subháilcidhe bunadhasacha `cardinal virtues'] is Toibreacha, bun, ┐ ... Uaithnighe do mhórán Subháilceadh oile, Donlevy 198 .

(b) fig. or metaph. (of people) : da uaithne agha ┐ iorghaile fer nE. (of Cú Chulainn and Fer Diad), TBC-LL¹ 471 n. 6 . úaidne Moighe cáoim Chédne (: cúairdne), IGT, Decl. ex. 1172 . uaitne na sgol lé bhfuil gach fáidh-ḟile, Ir. Monthly 1920, 482.5 . aoidhe sgeoil uaignigh anduibh | d'uaitnibh an eoil ḟuaramair, 1919, 456.14 . tú an treas uaithne don oineach, 1928, 609.20 . dá uaithne oinigh Eireann, L. Cl. A. B. 111.16 . dá uaitne teanna an talmhan, Ir. Monthly 1923, 587.15 . lán ... | an teach d'uaithnibh iorghoile `pillars of valour,' 1919, 105.37 . le huaithnibh catha Cláir Laighean, 1920, 209.15 . na n-uaithnedhaib imresna `pillars in the fight,' O'Gr. Cat. 502.17 . uaithne oir na nÉilech, AU iii 582.23 . Cf. ML² 1579 . uaithne briste berne baoghail, AFM v 1636.10 . in dara huatni airechais ... Erend, Cog. 52.23 . ceithre uaithne ... oirechais Alban, MR 248.9 . in t-uaithne airechais, Acall. 64 (of Patrick). da uatni congbala ... flathamnais Erend, Cog. 70.9 . uaithneda fíchdha F., ML² 1362 . Cf. ML 100.27 . uaithne ót inis d'imthigh ..., Hackett xiv 13 . giodh truagh liom fuainne na faire `the prop of vigilance,' Ó Bruad. i 176.18 . fuainne ós fearaibh, ii 60.9 . d'éag mo nuair an fuainne d'ḟuiling | anntrom cháich ..., 180.13 .

As a legal term : huaitne (in a list of 26 grades of dignity), Laws iv 344.5 (sequel to Críth Gabhlach). huaitne ; fonluing ocus frisellaghar in fer .i. friseillget troigh ocus aidheilgen ; fer foloing einechgresa chin imluad fine, Laws iv 350.24 . see Manners and Customs iii 519 where tr. `a pillar of endurance and attendance' (i.e. `a term applied to a man appointed to attend to and supply the wants of the wretched and homeless poor ; the relieving officer of the ancient Irish,' ib. Gl. Index p. 604 ).

(Of the legs of a boar) : ro éirigh in muc ar a huathneduib dímóra derid, Fianaig. 66.17 .

udmad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. udmad or dil.ie/42904

Forms: udhmadh, udhmadh, udhmadh, udhmadh

(vn. of denom. vb. *udmaid, Pl. Cf. ug(a)maigid). closing with an `uidim'; `a wooden clog or hobble (?),' Plummer, Ériu x 118 . udmat .i. udamnad .i. crand forsin cetra co ndamnaigter amuide a combolg indsin, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 43 = udmad .i. ud ┐ damnad .i. crand ar līas .i. gobung (v.l. gobenn) gaibther forsin crand (v.l. cethra), co ndamnaiter a n-ude (v.l. amuide) i comulg (v.l. a combolg, i cumuṅg), Corm. Y 1268 . udim .i. nomen dond rōi triasa tēit in crand bīs forsin clēith ocon udmad nō occa dūnad, 1269 . udhmadh .i. dúnadh `an enclosure ,' O'Cl. udhmadh .i. ainm don ré ghadraigh trésa ttéid an crann bhios ar an gcléith ag dúnadh ar na ceathraibh, no ar an áirnéis, O'Cl. udhmadh .i. dúnadh `a closing fastening or securing; also to close fasten secure,' P. O'C. udhmadh `a writhe band one end of which is fastened to a hurdle of rods with a wooden bar through the other end for securing cattle in their enclosure,' ib.