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aille

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aille or dil.ie/1044

n , f. (Lat. alleluia? See also Vendr. Lex.) act of praising, giving thanks; hymn of praise: a buith oc ailli a almsine, Wb. 16d2 . do Chríst cachain ailli, Fél. Apr. 26 . cachain a.¤ , Leb. Gab. 266.6 . oc cētul a shalm . . . for aillib ┐ annalaib ┐ ornalib `in lauds', Aisl. MC 3.10 . ni bi raith friut tailcenn . . . ar do fuaslaice alle arach .i. uair uatuaslaice in t-a.¤ luighi uil acusan, an t-arach trebairi `for the hymn of praise would invalidate the bond', Ériu xi 74 § 8 . Perh. also: oráit ┐ aill ar ainim Dhonnchaid, O'C. 68 ( H. 3.18, 24b ) (or áil request?). aill .i. molad, O'Dav. 72 . Of grace before meals: tre ailli gaibther re proinn, Wb. 28c20 . gabis ailli gl. benedixit illis, Thes. i 495.1 ( Ardm. 77a1 ) (of Christ before feeding the multitude). a.¤ (ab alleluia) do bheir se dh'ainm ar an altugh- adh sin. Adeirdis paidear d'eis na ha.¤ sin, Rule of Tall. § 92 . bennachaid in fít, canair alle, gluaister cloc, LB 262a3 . fogní . . ailli mési `table grace', Mon. Tall. 131.9 (§ 8) . greeting(?): ailgini .i. aile do dénum riss ó gin .i. fáilti do dénam ris, O'Don. 912 ( H. 3.17, 651 ). As attrib. gen. tarmbreth Tomáis a.¤ `of praiseful T.', Fél. July 3 . Colmán epscop a.¤ , Aug. 8. fil and mór ṅard ṅa.¤ , Ep. 83. Cf. 373 .

See aillóir.

anál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anál or dil.ie/3335

Forms: anál

n ā, f. Orig. vn. of anaid. Celt. Verb p. 186 . Pedersen, Litteris ii 77 - 94 (Best Bibliogr.), Vendr. Lex. anál f. IGT Decl. § 149 . n. sg. anáil, Fled Bricrenn ocus Loinges Mac nDuíl Dermait 58 § 31 . act of breathing; breath: donanáil gl. anele, Lor. Gild. gl. 123 (anhela, Du Cange , see Ascoli xxxiii ). ic egmig impu . . . fot a n-anali till out of breath, LU 1902 ( RC x 56.15 ). anála fer ┐ ech, 9246 . anáil nathrach, 5442 (TBC). rob imda airech . . . ica urgabail ar n-urnaidm a anala air through shortness of breath (of fleeing men), MR 318.11 . tocbaid bar n-anála i núachtur bar cléib du bar n-étrummugud tairis, Mer. Uil. 65 . tromtínfed a mbren- anala, BB 495a8 . bolad fína lía anóil (: óir), LU 3640 ( SC 31 ). a.¤ mnáa lat ingin breathes like a woman, Fing. R. 373 ( ZCP iii 5 § 14 ). omun iar sin hi cride / iss a.¤ hi trommchride (on the situation (in the body) of the passions and propensities), Arch. iii 223.10 . lán dom anáil ón uabhar puffed up with pride(?), Studies 1924, 87 § 16 . cuir mar thúis anáil th'ochta / fam ghnúis d'fhagháil fhurtochta, DDána 67.30 . goill dom athchur 'sdom arguin / . . . / rug a hanáil óm inntinn, 90.5 . do-bhir dá ḟine a n-anáil `who gives life to his kinsfolk', TD 32.80 . lé anáil na nél um nóna / fér ag fagháil chóra a críaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1153 . d'anáil óirmheirgeadh the breeze caused by the waving of ensigns, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 100.200 . lé séideadh nó lé súghadh a anáile, TSh. 1896 . oiret anala géoid the slightest breath, RC xxiv 381.18 . táinig d'anáil chuaigh fa Chormac `such fumes arose from the goblet', TD 29.34 .

In various phrases. do-beir a.¤ fo breathes on: a ndorat a anáil foí when he blew under it (of a fire), Trip.² 132 . tuc a a.¤ fai iarsin `the Devil breathed on him them', BCC 454.28 . do- beir a.¤ for: dobeir an sacart secht n-[an]ála Dē for a muin the priest breathes seven breaths of God on his back (significance obscure, apparently a form of appeasement), BColm. 96.27 . dobeir íarum an t-airchindech secht n-anāla Dē for a muin corigci an lic i ndorus a tighi apad, 29 . gaibid ar (for) a.¤ : no co ngaba for thrí ara anáil till he thrice holds in his breath, Mer. Uil. 135 . rogab for a anáil, CCath. 2072 . do léici, léicid a.¤ exhales breath: crét tái cen t'anál do lécud immach? PH 8136 . ro teilgedh a anál, CCath. 2164 . aithinne dubh . . . léicis Mlaise a anáil foillsigh / fúithib gur shoillsigh, SG 27.33 . dia ttealccat an lucht úd a n-anala get breathing time, FM v 1766.24 . do-léici, léicid a.¤ do: ma tarlaic a nanala doibh if he gave them a breathing space (of driving cattle), O'C. 2325 ( Eg. 88, 25 (26)b ). ro léc a tri nanala doib, O'C. 2341 (ib. 26 (27)c ). intan dorelced mo anāl damsa provided I can breathe, TBC² 2192 .

In descriptions of heroes' feats (precise application not clear): rothchless ┐ otar ┐ cless for análaib (of Cú Chulainn), LU 5972 (= gless (cleas St.) for a.¤ , TBC 2111 ). eter chles for análaib ┐ ubullchles ┐ siaburchles, 8442 ( FB 30 ). léim tar neimh ┐ cleas fur anala, RC xxix 128 § 35 . ro clisius for analaib / uasa uíb ( ? uas aúib) na n-ech, LU 9345 . immas- leig cach la beirt immin n-araid gabáil na n-ésse biid uasaib ┐ análaib, 9294 . Cf. in descriptions of fighting: is amlaid bís mo chú . . . oc imguin ós analaib, TBC 531 . arfich ó aíb ech ┐ analaib fer, LU 8347 ( FB 24 ). atrácht a én gaile osa anáil co m-búi for folúamain imma chend (of Hercules), LL 225a48 ( TTr. 600 ). rachomaicsigsetar na catha da ceile . . . co raeirgetar a n-eoin gaile ósa n-analaib, 239b42 ( 1706 ).

Of recitation, ref. to the number of words, etc. to be spoken in one breath: intan ba roscadh . . . cindas nothomsidhe? . . . do focul forba anaile no-taispenta don choiceadh focul, uair is coic focail romesadh i n-anail in filed by a word com- pleting a breath which was indicated by the fifth word . . ., Auraic. 930 = 3860 . dilius do bair[d]ne a tomus et coir n-anala their measure and correct phrasing (lit. breathing), 3528 . is é cóir nanála .i. narop sia las in bfer nít gaib (= nodgaib ?) ó aná[i]l cen (leg. cech ?) leth ┐ gach cethruma inás a céile, ar na roib cam .i. cin claen dona claenaib . . . that the man who recites it in (one ?) breath may not prolong any one couplet or any one line more than another(?), O'Don. 1222 (H 2.15, 86b). Of the chanting of psalms: a sailm iar fersaib ┐ linib ┐ adhantaib ┐ analaib, Laws v 24.9 Comm. oc cetul a shalm . . . for aillib ┐ annalaib ┐ ernalib, Aisl. MC 13.11 . Of the recitation of a magic formula: D. doroine dic[h]etal do cennaib for enanail do cuingidh feraind for C., LL 392b53 . Similarly: for óenchoiss ┐ óenláim ┐ óenanáil rachain dóib insin uile, LU 6983 = BDD² 562 . Legal: tucait mbinniusa .i. a foclaib ┐ a nanalib diction and enuncia- tion (of speaking in court), O'D. 849 (H 3.17, c. 603). fot naen anala do boaire, ┐ .u. focuil inti, a dó do filid . . . a tri do flaith . . . a secht do eclais, ┐ nai focail cethrachat indtib, O'C. 698 (H 3.18, 337). go deich do foclaib ┐ vii nanala don eclais ┐ vii focail in cach anail . . . da anail don fili ┐ v focail in cach anail, 227 (122).

On the connection between a.¤ and poetic art (aí), see Celtica vi 215 ff. do glaine n-anáile, Ériu xiii 37.15 . do- glind anáil / ailibh caoinibh / inghen gaoithe . . . eisimh teisimh / eallaing, teallaincc, 16 . a hainm (i.e. aí) i ccaoim- thecht fria hanail, 39.24 .

Compd. anal-utmall of quick breath, panting , CCath. 4956 .

2 arg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 arg or dil.ie/4129

adj I o, ā noble, great, impressive: a.¤ dano urdairc unde dicitur airchetal .i. argg-cētul .i. cētul urdairc, Corm. Y 27 . a.¤ .i. urduirc, O'Dav. 43 . eraim na.¤ (cheville), Laws i 134.9 .

II Subst. o, m. prominent person, champion, hero: a.¤ .i. lāech . . . gein in airg [.i.] in lāic[h], Corm. Y 27 . leó ball ┐ a.¤ laoch, 804 . a.¤ fiann .i. tiachar, ab Argis .i. ō Grécaib ar febus a n-ōcc, O'Mulc. 57 . dibergg .i. di-bi-arg .i. ni la laochacht adrīmt[h]er ut a.¤ fiann ar nī bī i cōir laochachtae diultad Dē ┐ giallnae Demuin, 309 . argg .i. anrath, LL 311b25 . a.¤ .i. laoch, O'Dav. 43 . airg .i. laeich, fir ┐ mna, O'C. 2047 ( H 4.22, 62a ). a.¤ .i. laoch, ut est airge (sic) ┐ fir ┐ mna, 571 (H 3.18, 285). airg ┐ fir ┐ mna ┐ ferrdomain . . . (text) airg .i. na graid flatha .i. na laich; fir .i. na graid feine cenmotha laich, 587 (H 3.18, 290) = O'D. 877 (H 3.17, c. 630). distinguished persons (Respektpersonen), Thurn. ZCP xvi 208 n.2 . ar argg (.i. láech) níad ropsam fortail `over any champion I prevailed', Ériu i 72 § 3 . argg tricc Trēnmōr T. was a swift hero, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 14 § 2 . a.¤ na laech (of Art Óenfer), LU 4172 . a.¤ n-erred (rhet.), LL 14192 . ar-cichset airg loman londgliaid, Sc.M² 15 . dotáet do lochbriga eter argaib (.i. anradaib) erritib, LU 3528 ( SC 28 ). re n-arcaib ré n-erredaib, 8502 ( FB 35 ). Mafemis ainm n-airg, LL 2222 . a hInis Áine na n-a.¤ , Met. Dinds. iii 190.5 . i rrubad a.¤ Mael . . . Ísu, Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 54 . do theilg san urrlaind in t-a.¤ , BB 56b50 . d'eiteall airg, Aithd. D. 9.15 . In n.loc. a Brí Airg, Ériu iv 146 § 24 .

? im aisneis n-a.¤ , Laws v 230.14 Comm. do aisneis n-a.¤ , Ériu xiii 16. 23 . Compds. aircdíne 'warrior race' Ériu lii 76 § 1b . See also ? narg.

cantain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cantain or dil.ie/8171

Forms: -ana

i, f. (with pl. -ana), late vn. of canaid.

(a) act of singing, reciting, chanting; uttering : Segais a h-ainm . . . / ria c.¤ duit in cach thír `to be sung by thee', Met. Dinds. iii 26.10 . aei [ḟ]reslígi riaha c.¤ i nænbhaile, IT iii 68 § 9 . ór firindi do c.¤ do cethri drudib fair (of tairbḟes), LU 3452 ( SC 23 ). a cetul .i. a aisnes no a cetch.¤ , Fél.² xcvi.y . tria na c.¤ fochetoir (of diphthongs), Auraic. 972 . a naiti[ti]n a chantana ina fiadnaise, O'C. 1891 ( 23 P 3, 22b ). o fir a cantana doib the man who repeats it (of satire), Laws v 234.14 Comm. is e dorat oraib-si in bréc do ch.¤ , BB 210b36 . briathra fíri do chantain frit `to say', CCath. 630 . ac c.¤ in comráid sin, Caithr. Thoirdh. 65.35 . imad a aingel . . . oc c.¤ chiúil, LU 2024 ( FA 9 ). In religious contexts: niconeirged cen pater do c.¤ , Mon. Tall. 140.9 . altóir . . . fria c.¤ ernaigthe, Celtica iv 30.423 . oc c.¤ a salm, Arch. iii 308.19 . caoin-léaghan do rádh na do chantaind, Celt. Rev. x 134.12 .

(b) speech, chant; incantation, prediction : in ecnairc gusin c.¤ tucas fein uirre, Laws v 506.22 Comm. tria brichtu ┐ dicetla ┐ cantana nolúited . . . cach maigin `incantations', Dinds. 18 . cumbri cantana (sic MS), Hib. Min. 41.28 . LL 371c47 . ceirti na cantana, ZCP viii 200.17 . go mad isin guthaige nobeth forpa na cantana indiph pronunciation, Auraic. 3003 . tancatar na tri cantana sin `predictions', Cog. 12.5 . a cc.¤ cnede ar cach duine infliction of wounds by incantation (?), O'D. 2372 ( Rawl. B 506, 44d ).

In legal texts version: deithbhir (na) na cantana fodera dam in da ghné sin do scribhadh, O'D. 213 ( H. 3. 17, 169 marg.). c.¤ eile another version, 140 ( H. 3. 17, 117 marg.).

cathbarr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cathbarr or dil.ie/8372

n o, m (1 cath + barr) helmet; head-dress, diadem : c.¤ gl. galea, Lor. Gild. 99 . a galia capitis rohainmniged .i. c.¤ a c[h]ind, Corm. Y 683 . c.¤ óir, Met. Dinds. iii 260.21 . a ch.¤ círach (of Cú Chulainn), LU 6392 (TBC). claidemh, cletine, cathbharr, Ériu xiii 30.16 . co tri ciraib comard cathbairr `helmet-crests', TTebe 1452 . ronuaglanaid cathbarra, 1273 . or ceard ar a gcathbharraibh, DDána 100.17 . ro gherr a chathbarra (sic) caem . . . cumhdaigh `protecting helmet', St. Ercuil 735 . oc taraing in catbairr orda día cind (of lady's diadem), LU 4228 . rogabad cathbharr solusta cona gemaibh gloinighi ima cend, ZCP xiii 170.x . amal c.¤ cumtachta nó mind ríg (of canopy), LU 2015 . ccthe c.¤ nogabtha forsind cetul `that this should be set as a crown upon the chant' (of Magnificat), Mon. Tall. 127.13 . c.¤ coróni na cathrach nemda, LB 139a3 . cathbharr slinntrigh do crannaibh roof(?) (of palace), Celtica ii 125.175 . Of caul of infant: ba doig ropdís torathair, fo bíthin no bītis a cathbairr fō cennaib, ZCP xii 273.15 . brissis in tond in c.¤ , 18 (= sreabann, IT iii 189.22 ). Transf. of persons protector: M. . . . cain c.¤ , Fél. Jan. 10 . immon c.¤ . . . / immon rīg réil, Bruchst. i 54 § 120 . Crīst c.¤ cāich, ZCP viii 199.8 .

As n. pr.: mac Cathbhairr Ui Domhnaill, FM ii 834.14 .

cétal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cétal or dil.ie/8886

o, n. vn. of canaid. See Thurn. Gramm. 70 , 75 . act of singing; song : ceadal .i. cantain no innisin, O'Cl. a binniusa, a cētla (of Ireland), Ériu iv 163.11 . don chetal chāidh, Anecd. i 74 . fīr dom cēdul (chev.), ZCP viii 196.22 .

In bibl. and eccles. contexts act of chanting, reciting; chant, psalm : cetal ind sailm, ref. to psalmus decantatus est, Ml. 24d14 . du chetul gl. ad cantandam, 33b7 . gl. ad canendum, 107b4 . inna cetal gl. canticorum, 72a2 . á cétal nuae gl. canticum nouum, 60a12 . son in chétail `chanting', Thes. ii 320.4 (Hy. ii). ō Chríst nād cétla celar whom chants proclaim, Thes. ii 352.1 (Hy. vi). a cétol (: éton) `to sing it' (a saint's day), Fél. June 1 . co cetlaib spirtaldaib ref. to psalmorum, Trip.² 3006 . cen pater do chetul, Mon. Tall. 140.10 . oc cetul a shalm, LB 213b58 . cora ceatal ┐ ceól (a monastery), Measgra D. 59.31 .

In literary contexts: dodonairb iar cetul chreth, LL 24260 . drecht d'écsib ceta bátar / cardaís tractad cech cetail (: Ētair), 21253 ( Met. Dinds. iii 104 ). In names of metres (see rochetal): cetal na hailgise, IT iii 62 § 124 . See aisnéis, cenn, 1 nóad, roscadach. ceadal .i. rann, Lec. Gl. 445 . Of spells, incantations: dichetal . . . druadh do chetal fair, IT iii 187 § 8 . doluid . . . L. ō drai[d]ib docetol forrosum, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 311 ). rocan ce[t]la ┐ tincetla druad forro, CCath. 953 . Of a musical instrument: mo thimpán . . . / . . . caem a chédail (: thédaib), SG 248.41 .

2 clas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 clas or dil.ie/9384

n ā, f. (Lat. classis) assembly, choir : c.¤ .i. a classe , Corm. Y 281 (classeus , MS.). c.¤ graece claisin (κλάσις) .i. diuisio , 356 . c.¤ .i. comtinol, O'Dav. 557 . ro chuala clais coir / siol n-Adhoimh, Blathm. 725 (síl Ádaim, ed.). trian dib fria clais trian fria croit trian etir clais ┐ croit `for the choir', Hib. Min. 280 - 1 . fri cetul na psalm do thus inna c.¤ `to lead the choirs', 166 . du thoisigecht claisse doib `to lead their choir', Ml. 107b3 . cosin chlais gl. (unus de cantatoribus) cum suorum choro, 61d6 . etir di chlais no gaibthe in salm-so, .i. quoniam . . . no gaibed indal[a] ch.¤ , 138d1 . classa búana bindi, Fél. Prol. 181 . ro chuala . . . c.¤ na maccraide oca gairm, Trip. ii 420.22 . in ch.¤ . . . / na noebaṅgel, SR 2141 . tri míle cheól n-écsamail cecha oénclaisse, LU 2034 . [d]i chlais aingel, 992 ( ACC 92 Comm. ). dí chlaiss sechtmogat do chlassaib celebartha, Celtica iv 30.414 . or ro cantae didiu in turem frisngaired in ch.¤ , O'Mulc. 213 . a c[h]erchaill clūimhe ┐ a geimhin claisi (among the effects of a deceased monk), ZCP vi 271.17 (prob. the hide mat on which he knelt in choir, Plummer MS. notes). c.¤ .i. claisceadal, no ceol no canntair- eachd, O'Cl. clais .i. cora, Stowe Gl. 264 . Lec. Gl. 316 . ar chlais mheabhlaigh an mháidh chaim, Ó Bruad. ii 276 xxxi (`snares').

Compd. see claischétal.

con-ca(i)n

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-ca(i)n or dil.ie/12006

Forms: coicetal

v (canaid) sing(s), utter(s) in harmony: is de concanat diblinaib `they both agree concerning this', Ml. 32c17 . concanat . . . / is bennachta . . . / ardrí na n-uile n-adbar, SR 2165 . co[n]canat ceola, 1019 (sic leg., Wortk. 129 ). con-can bretha, Ériu xiii 39.12 `it pronounces judgements', Celtica vi 240 . cētul urdairc ar a menci concanur. Corm. Y 27 . concinentes . . . .i. a conchanam, Lib. Hymn. 36 n. 2 . concandais admolad E., TTebe 1476 .

Vn. coicetal.

con-tét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-tét or dil.ie/12355

v (téit) associates, goes with; comes together: ? coitluid la do cetul do nimiath iarna croich .i. is amlaid dolluidseom, LU 990 `he went with two songs', ACC 92 . dia comtiassad in ciniud daenda `had come together', CCath. 808 . conrega for echtra, Airne F. 266 . ni chomtheis fri dibergach, LL 345a27 ( Tec. Corm. 19.4 ).

cosaít

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cosaít or dil.ie/12573

Forms: cossóit

f. g s. -te. vn. of con-saídi (Lat. causātio, Stokes Fél. Gloss.). Earlier cossóit, in later lang. ca-.

(a) c.¤ x fri y act of accusing x to y, complaining about x to y: cossóit athuaithe fridia inso complaining about his people to God, Wb. 5a23 . trim chossait se doib friu gl. iras hostium suscitantes, Ml. 127c1 . a3 . tri chosait Duaid fri Saúl gl. qui iram Sauelis iniquís sermonibus acuebant, 133a1 . ós dá chasaoid ruibh as I am complaining to you about the matter, DDána 90.5 . dom chosaoid . . . ribh / táinicc meisi to complain about my treatment by thee, O'Hara 2943 . do dheachaidh . . . do cosaoid hugo . . . re a athair, FM iii 68.2 . Note further: in cach domais (leg. dlomass? Ed.) a chosait `who solemnly reviled him', Blathm. 96 § 21 . uili popul chasaiti Crist, PH 2671 . is fada mé ag casaoid bróin, Oss. iii 252.17 . do cosaid a hingine do breith uaithi do P., St. Ercuil 690 . With ó introd. nature of accusation: do chosaid . . . Isu . . . o chasaitib imdaib to accuse Jesus of, PH 2575 - 6 . ag a cosaid feisin ó cairibh, Aisl. Tund. 100 § 2 . In later lang. with AR of accused person: ig cosvid air bvdhne = semet ipsum accusare (Gloss.), Aisl. Tund. 99 § 4 . do rinne casaoid ar Bh. ris an rígh, Keat. iii 1062 . ná déan casáoid ar sheirbhíseach = accuse not, Prov. xxx 10 . Hence complaint: gabh mo chosaoid, O'Hara 2939 . ro ghabh ó N. an chossaoítt sin `hearkened to this complaint', FM vi 2056.1 . cetul na cosaite Lamentations (?), Fél. 4. 20 .

(b) act of setting at variance; dispute, strife : cosaid .i. cocadh, ut est a cosaít atú ré Día, Ériu xiii 76 § 200 . cossaite cen condarclei (a sign of ira), ZCP iii 26.32 . athgabail treisi . . . i cosait tuilche `for disturbing the meeting-hill', Laws i 174.28 . ro íc ní dissi . . . in cossait sin, LU 9591 `setting at loggerheads', ZCP iii 206.1 , cf. co taratsi imchosait móir eter D. ┐ G., LU 9569 . céin ra bás immon cossait sin, LL 32613 ( TTr. 1818 ). dognither cosait etrainn, IT iii 236.29 . See cnáim cpds. (C 264.68).

creth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. creth or dil.ie/12885

Forms: cretha

n g s. cretha. craftmanship, skilled work (somet. with idea of `magically transforming', Watkins, Celtica vi 214-5 ): do breth c.¤ do iosebh `piece of craftsmanship', Blathm. 104 § 47 . cretha ciara granaigter / gnimaig for cinn na casra, SR 8307 . ? cern eter crethaib, LU 8645 ( FB 48 ). Most freq. of poetical compositions, the poetical art : c.¤ cona dire, Ériu xiii 30.8 . coicclighe cretha, 25.13 . issed ro legus roth (.i. cuaird) c.¤ (.i. na eicse), RC xx 44. 20 (ACC). i n-airm c.¤ chetail, xxvi 14 § 5 . fetar mo choll c.¤ , 50 § 270 ? itir diabla c.¤ coimperta, O'D. 2214 (Nero A vii, 147b). ? gan dire do chreith caoinṡrothaibh, Ériu xiii 17.13 . do creath caonsrothaibh, 42.24 . lūagh nátha do gach fer creath (.i. eladna), ZCP v 486 § 10 (B. na f.). as a ós is cearr gach creath, ZCP iii 378.15 (B. na f.). ba di crithaib eicisi, IT iii 52.7 . dodonairb iar cetul ch.¤ (leg. cetulch.¤ ?) .i. . . . iar cantain a aí, LL 24261 ( RC xxvi 14 § 2 ). creth-mon .i. mon cles ┐ c.¤ ēxi, Corm. Y 237 . c.¤ .i. eigsi, Cóir Anm. 67 . creath .i. áoi no ealadha, O'Cl.

dead

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dead or dil.ie/14812

Forms: deud, dead, deoid, diaid, diud, deoaid, diud, dead, diaid, diaid, diaid, dead, dead, deád, deod, deogh, diad, deid, dead, i ndead, dé, déid, deoidh, -deóidh, -deóigh, diad, díad, ndiad, ndiag, diat, diaid, díaid, diáid, diaig, diaigh, diud, díud, diúdh, diuid, diuidh, diúidh, deud, déud, diaid, deugh, deod, deód, deódh, deodh, déod, deog, deut, déu, deo, dé, deid, déidh, -déidh, -déigh, deoid, déoid, deóid, deóid, deoaid, deoig, diud, díud, diú, diae, dead-, deod-, déod-, deog-, ded-, Dead, diad., Dead, dofeid

n o,n. and ā, f. Neuter gender proved by Sg 162 a 7 : ní cumscichther dead nindib, and Ériu iii 100 § 22 : diad naidche (Rule of Ailbe). In the 9th century still disyllabic, in the latter half of the 10th century monosyllabic. In early Mid.-Ir. poetry occasionally disyllabic to meet the requirements of the metre.—The ā-inflexion dates back to the Wb glosses (13 d 9 ; cf. Sg 212 a 13 ). fo hírdiuid (: triuin), SR 3984 .

DISYLLABIC: deud, Fél. Oeng. Prol. 220 . dead LL 135 a 24 (poem ascribed to Mael Muire Othna †887). deoid, Reicne Fothaid Chanainne (late 9th century), Fian. 16. 18 . diaid, Thes. ii 340. 3 (Broccán's Hymn). dead SR 2829 . diud, ib. 3087 . Rawl. 46 a . deoaid, Fél. Gorm. Feb. 24 (Mid.-Ir.). diaid FB § 71 (ambiguous).

MONOSYLLABIC: diud SR 1568 . dead LU 51 b 41 (poem ascribed to Cinaed Ua Hartacáin †975). diad (v.l. ded), Rule of Ailbe (10th century), Ériu iii 100 § 22 . diaid ZCP iii 22. 31 (poem from A.D. 982, ascribed to MacCosse). diaid LL 143 a 41 (poem ascribed to Gilla in Chomded, 12th century). diaid LL 144 a 48 (poem ascribed to Gilla in Choimded Ua Cormaic, 12th century). Cf. further diaid, Acall. 2508. 3369 . ZCP v 24 § 11 , viii 114. 11 . déidh ZCP iv 237. 16 . dead, ib. iii 19. 36 , all poems in Mid.-Ir. language.

RHYMES: deäd: gleäd SR 2829 . deäd: gleëd LL 135 a 24 . diüd: triür, Rawl. 46 a . diüd: biüd SR 3087 ; but monosyllabic diud: biud SR 1568 . deöig: gleöad (gleoaid, leg.), Anecd. i 47 st 1 (YBL). Monosyll. diaid: gliaid LL 144 a 48 . ZCP vi 269 . st 11 . diaid: riad SR 595 . :criaid ZCP vi 266 § 11 = 3 C 13, 558. 7 . deoid: ceol LL 146 a 26 . deóid: eóil, Cog. 54. 18 ; 3 C 13, 558. 1 . deóigh: aieóir, ib. 591. 6 . deoidh: móir, Ech. Am. Móir 578 . déidh: éill, ib. 112 .

INFLEXION (for mod. forms cf. also II a, d, e below): n s. (a) dead, Sg 162 a 7 . LL 135 a 24 . ZCP iii 19. 36 . deád LU 51 b 41 . deod, Lec. Gl. 432 . deogh, Stowe C i 2, fo. 30 b . (b) diad, Ériu iii 100 § 22 . —g s. deid BB 330 a 41 . —a s. (a) dead SR 2829 . LL 245 b 24 . TBC 1225 Y. i ndead, Wb 11 a 17 . AU A.D. 772 . Sg 1 a 5 . 11 b 4 . 18 b 2 . 77 a 9 . dé, O'Curry Trs. déid: deig FDG 376 . déid ZCP iv 237. 16 and common in mod. poetry. deod: deog, Ériu ii 174. 12 ; co deo[d] = mod. go deo. deoid, Fian. 16. 18 . deoidh, Ech. Am. Móir 578 . Mod. -deóidh, -deóigh. (b) diad, Mil. 23 c 16 . 119 a 4 . Laws iv 366. 1 . díad MT 139 . 20 . i ndiad , Mil 17 c 6 . 20 b 4 . 22 a 8 . 35 b 23 . 35 d 11 . 40 c 2 . 42 b 5 . 45 b 3 - 4 , 9 . 48 b 9 . 50 c 5 . 53 c 14 . 63 a 7 . 65 a 12 . 65 b 5 . 75 c 8 . 89 a 8 . 103 b 11 . 91 d 7 . 100 c 2 . 111 c 9 . 127 a 12a . Tur 131 . MT 131. 15 . i ndiag , Laws i 22. 26 . diat (before s): inna d. sen, Anecd. iii 50. 1 v.l.— diaid, Thes. ii 340. 3 . LL 143 a 41 . 144 a 48 . LB 231 a 3 . FB §§ 65 , 70 , 71 . TBC 695 . 893 . 1000 . 1030 . Laws i 152. 1 f.b. ; v 480. 23 . RC xxiv 180. 20 ; xxix 220 . ZCP iii 22. 31 . Acall. 2175 . 2508 . 2567 . 3369 . 3407 . 3866 . 4069 . 4533 . 4610 . 5397 . 6044 . Cog. 154. 10 . MacCarthy 126. 0 . CCath. 69. 3401 . Fian. 54. 5 . PH pass. díaid, Ériu i 120 § 13 . BB 415 b 21 . diáid FB § 70 . SC § 20 , § 46 . FA § 31 . TBC 923 . LL 242 a 40 . diaig, Laws i 22. 13 sq. ZCP i 372. 24 ; v 24 § 11 ; viii 114. 11 . RC v 200 § 14 . diaigh RC xviii 292. 15 . TBC 686 v.l. &c. diud: díud, Trip. 124. 18 . diúdh FM v 2036. 12 . diuid: diuidh, ib. 1926. 5 f.b. diúidh, i 290. 5 f.b.d s. (a) deud, Wb 3 b 28 . 13 b 3 . Thes. ii 44. 10 . Sg 9 b 21 . 93 b 8 . MT 138. 14 . LL 249 b 27 . déud, Fél. Oeng. Prol. 220 (v.l. diaid). deugh RC xiv 453. 2 f.b. deod: deód FB § 83 , § 90 , 91 . IT i 257. 2 . LU 112 b 4 . LL 126 a 1 . deódh FM v 1748. 9 . deodh, ib. vi 1428. 2 . déod, Corm. 34. 6 f.b. deog RC xii 64. 22 ; xiii 28. 19 . deut, Thes. ii 44. 10 . déu MT 129. 5 . deo LL 220 b 31 . Laws v 196. 13 . TTr. 26 . dé TBC 1488 Y. deid, Wb 13 d 9 . Sg 212 a 13 . déidh, Ech. Am. Móir 112 . -déidh, -déigh, mod. poetry. deoid: CC § 5 Eg. MT 140. 29 . Laws i 26. 10 ; ii 134. 15 ; iii 130. 22 . LL 146 a 26 . IT i 100. 19 . ZCP iii 36. 1 . RC xxiv 174. 10 ; 200. 18 . MacCarthy 68 . 12 . PH pass. déoid TBC 1897 . deóid (sic), Cog. 54. 18 . deóid, ScM. § 12 . FA § 3 , § 22 . Ériu iii 137. 48 . PH pass. deoaid, Fél. Gorm. Febr. 24 (disyllabic). deoig MT 135. 18 , 153. 22 . Laws v 172. 2 f.b. Anecd. i 47 st 1 (YBL). deoigh ZCP vi 78. 24 . Laws ii 40. 7 f.b. Cog. 40. 16 &c. (b) diud, Mil. 29 a 8 . 40 a 15 . BCr. 18 d 1 . Thes. ii 44. 15 . SR 3087 (: biüd), 1568 (monosyll.). Rawl. 46 a (: triür). Trip. 72. 3 . RC xxiv 147. 12 . díud, Trip. 124. 18 . diú MT 138. 29 . diae, Laws v 368. 11 .—COMPS. dead- RC xxv 28. 3 . deod-, déod-, MacCarthy 280. 5 . FM iv 778. 4 . deog-, MacCarthy 302. 19 . ded-, v. dedól.

Dead as an independent word was becoming obsolete at the beginning of the Mid.-Ir. period, and words like deired, cenn, and forcenn took its place. It was preserved, however, in prepositional phrases; but the o-inflexion gave way to the ā-inflexion, which latter seems as old as the Wb glosses (see above). The acc. sg. remained intact in the phrase co deod = mod. go deo. The change from the o- to the a- inflexion was facilitated by the parallel phrase i ndigaid (i ndegaid) which in Mid.-Ir., apart from the slender -d, was bound to fall together with diad. Mid.-Ir. i ndiaid, then, seems a contamination of Oir. i ndiad and i ndígaid; both render Lat. proinde (.i. i ndígaid sin, Mil 71 b 11 ; .i. i ndiad sin, Mil 65 a 12 , 75 c 8 ; .i. inna diad, ib. 63 a 7 ); correspond- ing to Sg 77 a 9 : mac i ndead a athar, Wb 30 b 14 has: maic i ndegaid a nathre. Mid.-Ir. has i ndegaid (i ndegaid a athar, MacCarthy 282 , 11 f.b. ) and i ndiaid; but there is no trace of a Mid.-Ir. i ndígaid. In a phrase like the following: táinic in rechtaire i ndíaid in áil the steward came to get the fork RC xxix 220. 7 , díaid should be traced to Oir. dígaid rather than to diad.

ORIGIN: Dead, i.e. †de-vedo-, is a cpd. of prep. de, as the interchange dead: diad (cf. degaid: dígaid) shows, and an old vn. of †de-ved leads off or out, the opposite of †to-ved leads on, Oir. dofeid. For †de-fed cf. du-dí (i.e. †dí-ved-s-t) translating Lat. inducat Mil 35 c 30 (dum- dísed diducet ib. 78 b 18 , dan-diat deducit eum Sg 77 a 4 ), and interchanging with de-, as in dead: dusn-deraid (†de-ro-fáid) transl. eduxit, Mil 99 b 13 . Cf. dered `end,' orig. vn. of †de-reth-. Thus tuus and dead spring from one and the same root. To fedid as the root of dead also point the adjectives didenach, dedenach, probably deriva- tives from a vn. †diden (cf. air-diden, tu-diden), cf. fedan, deidine.—Stokes' derivation, Sprachschatz 144 , is wrong.

I End, conclusion, utmost limit , as the opposite to tuus or tossach, usually referring to time or serial order. deod .i. deired, Lec. Gl. 432 . deogh .i. deradh, Stowe C i 2, fo. 30 b . ó thossach co déidh ZCP iv 237. 16 . ó thossuch co dead LL 245 b 24 . ó thús co deig FDG 376 . diud at the end of: diud noichtich, BCr. 18 d 1 .

(a) dead aidche the end of the night: dofil deoidh na haidchi, Fian. 16. 18 . iarméirge cert la sruithi diad naidchi tossach laithi, Ériu iii 100 § 22 . d s. deud aidche at the end of the night: laithe nand atraig deud aidche (v.l. diud a. RC xxiv 147. 12 ) LL 249 b 27 .

(b) dead lái the end of the day, the evening : ria ndeód lái FB § 90 . ré ndeo lái LL 220 b 31 . TTr. 261. 321 (ndéo). a mbátar and co deód lái co tráth na faire FB § 83 . rorádi a ara friss imm díud lái, Trip. 124. 18 . d s. deud lái at the end of the day, at eventide : tic Find don ḟuarboith déod lái, Corm. 34. 6 f.b. tapair na trí scitle si deog læi do Chridenbél RC xii 64. 22 . amal robátar and tráth nóna deód lái FB § 91 . LU 112 b 4 . trath nóna deog lái RC xiii 28. 19 . taisbenad inna flede deód lái FB § 91 . LL 126 a 1 . deugh lói RC xiv 453. 2 f.b. arcesi scís a láma diud lái, Trip. 72. 3 . ind sailm aurnaigi déu lái the evening psalms of prayer MT 129. 5 . ic crosfigil diú laoi, ib. 138. 29 . Also in the FM in archaizing language: lodar ó Áth Seanaigh deodhlaoí, v 1428. 2 . doluidh deódh- laoí láiṁ re Sionainn, ib. 1748. 9 .—For diae, Laws v 368. 11 : diae inn laei aircendai at the end of the appointed day, read diud.

(c) dead bliadnae the end of a year, d.¤ fogmair the end of the autumn. Arch. in FM: co diúidh teora mbliadhan, FM i 290. 5 f.b. go diuidh mbliadhna, vi 1926. 5 f.b. ní roionn- saigh cechtar nae díobh aroile go diúdh foghṁair, ib. 2036. 12 .

(d) dead in domain the end of the world: co tici dead in domuin ZCP iii 19. 36 . rosuigidead na cána so ó thosach domain co diaig to the end (`go deo'), Laws v 480. 23 . indiu déud domain (v.l. diaid), Fél. Oeng. Prol. 220 .

(e) the end of life: Issac fri dead náissi: glead gníma glangáisse SR 2829 .

(f) the end of a numeral series: ocht ṁbliadna déc... acht fil co diaid in míle ZCP iii 22 st 36 .

(g) the conclusion of a book, a psalm, a chapter , &c.: hua sunt conrici diad in tsailm from here to the end of the psalm Mil 119 a 4 . hi tosuch in tsailm...┐ ised dano tadbat inna diud, ib. 40 a 15 . ó `dixi custodiam' co díad (sc. of the psalm) MT 139. 20 . corrici diat[h], ib. 139. 25 . crónic ...inti medon ┐ tossach ┐ dead LL 135 a 24 .

(h) grammatically: Auslaut, the end of a word, as opposed to tossach `Anlaut'; transl. Lat. finis: in principio mouentur .i. ní cumscichther dead nindib, Sg 162 a 7 .

(i) FIG. ní thoracht Cormac déad na fírinni rodfír LU 51 b 41 .

(k) IDIOM. ó thús diaid from the beginning to the end: adfiadat a scéla ó tús díaíd dó BB 415 b 21 . ó thúis deireadh is still usual (W.K.).

II PREP. PHRASES.

A Prep. governing the accusative.

(a) co dead frequent in the phrase ó thús co d.¤ , v. above I, c, d, f, g; esp. co deod (originally the d s.), mod. go deo (in all districts), like choidhche, go héag, go bráth of future time, to the end, always : beidh sé gan ṁaith go deo he will be no good any more. sin é an buachaill gan eagla go deo (W.K.). faire go deó rú! CMO 418 . Most frequently with a negative = never: ní thiocfaidh sé taobh liom go deo airíst; ní ḟéadfainn é go deo; ní bheidh sé agut go deo (W.K.). For Aran cf. Finck ii 86 .—co dé .i. co bráth, O'Curry Trs.

(b) fri dead, v. I e.

(c) fo diad last, after verba movendi: in ordine secunda ponuntur .i. inna hí batar buthi ar thuus dusrale fo diad, Mil 23 c 16 .

(d) i ndead, i ndiad; Mid.-Ir. i ndiaid (rarely i ndeod, Ériu ii 174. 12 ). Eclipsis abandoned in Mid.-Ir. Cf. Acall. 2567 . YBL 179 b 3 . FB § 71 . In Mod.-Ir. a great variety of forms: i ndiaidh in all districts except the north (where as in Scotland déidh is used). In Kerry the following forms are heard: i ndiaig (-g from -idh), i ndeoig; i ndia, i ndeo' (i ndeodhadh), esp. before the particle san: na dhia san, but na dhiaig sin; i ndéig (na dhéig sin), na dhé' san. Very frequent is na dheabhaig sin (na dheabha san) thereafter, perhaps a contamination of i ndeoig and i ndeaghaig (still in use). Don. déidh is by Quiggin § 162 traced to Oir. dead, degaid.

(α) of serial order, after, following after. Often synony- mous or interchanging with i ndegaid. Corresponding to Lat. sequens, consequens: sequenti uocali .i. i ndead in deoguir bís sin chétna sillaib, Sg 18 b 2 . de spiritali conse- quenti eos petra .i. a nail inna ndead, Wb 11 a 17 . turbae quae sequebantur: na buidne robátar ina dhiaid PH 4625 . 4575 ( ib. 4383 i ndegaid in the same phrase). Opposed to Lat. praecedens and pronominal cpds. with ré n-: prae- cedenti, gl. buithe inna diad, Mil 35 b 23 . dá charpat rempe díb ┐ dá charpat na diaid following her (sc. Medb) TBC 695 ; same phrase Acall. 3866 . —is i ndiadet dixisti' dutiagat `come after Mil 111 c 9 . bó i ndiaid (v.l. i ndíad) ind lóig, Thes. ii 340. 3 . beith i ndiaid to follow Laws i 152. 1 f.b. —MOD. ní hé sin tá uaim ach an ceann na dhiaig sin airíst the one immediately following (of a chapter in a book).

(β) after, in succession to; often translating Lat. suc- cessio, post. Type: macc i ndead a athar, Sg 77 a 9 . Synon. i ndegaid. cen macc i ndeog a athar for Érinn co bráth, Ériu ii 174. 12 (v.l. a ndiaid, Rawl.); but: maic i ndegaid a nathre, Wb 30 b 14 . in baile seo do fognum dó ┐ dá muintir ina diaid, Acall. 5397 . Iugaine a ndiaid Eirimoin, ib. 2567 . 2508 . Acall. 4969 . Cf. Laws i 22. 13 sq. , 26 . successionem generis .i. inna diad, Mil 127 a 12a .—is airi asindet som donaib huaislib i ndiad inna nísel, Mil 40 c 20 . léic foraindi ┐ forár maccu inár ṅdiaid a fuil ┐ a dígal PH 2947 . atruacht Gamut a ndiaig I. ZCP viii 114. 11 .— Often opposed to remi: coná bói remut nách hi[d] diaid ríg bas eolchu indái PH 3968 . 3970 . roiṁe ┐ i ndiaidh bídh, Donl. 392. 6 ; 120. 3 ; iv 21 ; i nd. a bháis, ib. 27. 19 — ardor solis...deirmess mór inna dead following on it AU A.D. 772 . post illos, gl. i ndead inna ní sin, Sg 1 a 5 .

cách i nd. alaili one after the other (= diaid i ndiaid, μ): continua successione .i. cách díb i ndiad alaili, Mil 42 b 5 . 72 b 27 . nosdíbairg na trí coecta snáthat cách i ndiaid araili díb FB 65 . d. araili id.: berid secht cluichi diaig aroili RC v 200 § 14 . —Cf. mod. cách i ndiaidh a chéile.

(γ) with 3 sg. poss. pron. and the demonstr. particle sin = thereafter, thereupon ; often synonymous with iarum, iarsin, annsin. i ndiad sin, transl. proinde, Mil 65 a 12 . 75 c 8 (synon. i ndigaid sin, gl. proinde, Mil. 71 b 11 ); transl. etiam, Mil 20 b 7 (wrongly corrected by the editors to inna d. s.).—Cf. the mod. Sc. an déigh sin, an déigh so afterwards. inna diad, transl. proinde, Mil 63 a 7 . Mid.-Ir. na diaid, na d.¤ sin. inda diaid MT 131. 12 . inda diad sin, ib. 131. 15 . atchúala ina diáid guth ind aingil FA § 31 . doberthea a chlann co Brian ina diaid afterwards RC xxiv 180. 20 . roeirgedar maccáim re hescradaib...┐ rodíanscáilit lind do chách ina diaid sin, Acall. 4610 . ina diaid thereupon PH 857 . 1144 . 2890 . Donl. vii 26 ; xviii 10 ; 270. 7 . go haith- ghearr na dhiaidh shortly after ib. 456. 21 . trí míosa na dhiáigh sin three months after Bedel Gen. xxxviii 24 . mór chian na dhiaigh sin OCL 20. 1 .—Very frequent in mod. lang.: tamall na dhiaigh sin shortly after.

(δ) i ndead, inna dead, idiomatically as a term of reference = below, further on, referring to something more explicitly defined in what follows. i ndead: duo possuit necessaria, gl. asbeir i ndiad which he mentions further on Mil 50 c 5 . ib. 45 b 9 . duplicis salutis auctor Ezechiae fuit Deus .i. a nasbeir i ndiad as he says below ib. 48 b 9 . Here also Mil 35 d 11 : iste inquam &c. .i. i ndiad, and 103 b 11 : nihil inquam &c. , gl. i ndiad, where indiad by Sarauw, ZCP iv 86 , and Stokes, Thes. i 717 a , is wrongly explained as a verbal form translating Lat. inquam; in both instances the glossator omitted the usual `asbeir,' as it might be understood from the Lat. inquam to which he added his gloss. inna dead; as the parallel phrases im d.¤ , inár nd.¤ show, inna contains the 3 sg. m. (f.): issed són desimrechtaigedar som namma inna dead it is this which he exemplifies below Sg 11 b 4 . imchomarc insin huile ┐ ishǽ a thuassulcud in comthod talmaidech asber inna diad .i. prohibe &c. , Mil 53 c 14 . ib. 22 a 8 . 65 b 5 . 89 a 8 . 100 c 2 . inna ndiad immedi- ately after Mil 91 d 7 , where the plural refers to `dispensa- tiones.' With following sís: issí in míimbert asbeir inna diad sís, Mil 17 c 6 . ib. 45 b 3 .—neut. do réir mar cuirthear síos é na dhiaidh so (i.e. in the following chapter), Donl. 392. 7 . it dead, orig. after you (viz. the reader), i.e. below: conad impi sein tarla etarru ar marbad Hectair itiáid LL 272 a 40 . TTr. 1900 . More usually the 1 sg. or pl. is em- ployed: im dead, inár ndead: amal atá inár ndiaidh, MacCarthy 126 o . IT iii 69 § 17 . mar indeósus in scél inár ndiaidh as the story will tell afterwards CCath. 69 . —Cf. also Donl. xxi 1 f.b. : an teagasc Crísduighe si nár ndiaidh. —The phrase is still in use.—Synon. inár ndegaid, diár néis ( Sg 195 a 2 ).

(ε) after verba movendi, after , denoting the aim or object of many verbs, syn. i ndegaid, i nindsaigid. dol (techt, &c.) i nd. to follow: luid in mac bec na ndíaid dia nimdibe TBC 923 . dolotar i nd. Atharni YBL 179 b 3 . tibra itá i Loch Con...téit na diaig intan tráiges ZCP v 24 § 11 . ragaid Líban it diáid SC § 20 . tángadur cách ina diaid, Acall. 2175 . marcsluaigh...ag dul nár ndiaigh OCL 25. 12 . an tí rénar toil teacht im dhiaidh se diúltadh é féin, TSh. 222. 25 . to approach : ag dol i nd. deiridh decaying , a common phrase = ag d. chum deiridh, W.K. follow with intent to overtake, pursue : go dtigidh tóir id dhéidh, Ech. Am. 112 . ac teacht le fíochniṁ ina ndeoidh, ib. 578 . rith i nd. to run after: nobered rith báise na ndiaid TBC 893 . ceangailte do neithib saoghalta ┐ ag rioth na ndiaidh, Donl. x 2 . gabáil i nd. to pursue : gabmáidne uile a ndiaid ind óclaig, Acall. 6044 . dorónsat airbirt tenn a ndiaid a comalta, ib. 3407 . rolebling léim ina diaid sum FB 70 . cur i nd. to send against (or to): rocuired D. ndiaid (= i nd.) na muinter día narcain, Cog. 154. 10 . docuiredh teachta uatha ina dhiaidh OT 54. 21 . ag drud na ndéoigh approaching them 3 C 13, 591. 6 . to throw after: docer a samthig inna diad, Tur. 131 . focerd ceirtle ana ndiaidh RC x 68. 7 . to call, shout after: doriugart Georgi a ndiaid na míled PH 1335 . Cf. Sc. chuir misi nan déidh mo ghlaodh, Macd. 325 b .

(ζ) buith i nd.¤ (a) with a personal subject: to be after, i.e. to seek, to look for, try to get, pursue. bái sium a ndiaidh a athardha he persevered in his endeavours to recover his patrimony FM vi 2094. 5 . in lucht marbta ro bai ina n-diaidh-siumh, CCath. 5763 . 5768 . dḟosgail sé é is thóig sé leis an rud a raibh sé na dhiaidh which he was looking for Súil Uí Dhubhda 4. 19 . is mian leis bheith a ndiagh a thoile, Ériu v 128 § 27 . Cf. táinic...a ndiaidh an áil to get the fork RC xxix 220 . —(b) with neuter subj. to be left, spared: sgriosag an tír is níl na ndiaig acht flíoch is fiadhaile CMO 79 .

(η) with verbs like slaodaim, tarraigim, stracaim I drag or trail after me: siubhail nó stracfad san lathaig am dhiag CMO 134 . —Synon. i ndegaid TBC 1924 .

(θ) after in the foll. phrases: as marb uile Fianna...olc atú a ndiaid na ríg rán, Acall. 3369 . co cend trí lá nícon reilgthe láig dia mbúaib ina diaid, Ériu i 120 § 13 (`to commemorate him,' Meyer). nach dleaghair do neach cuṁa do dhéanaṁ i ndiaidh an tí théidh uaidh, TSh. 238. 16 . tá sé anuaigneach i ndiaidh a ṁic (W.K.).—Synon. i ndegaid.

(ι) behind : féach id dhiaigh, transl. respice post te, TSh. 15. 2 ; very common after fácbaid to leave something behind one: dfág sé an raṁan na dhiaidh he left the spade behind him (W.K.). Numerous exx. Finck ii 81 .

(κ) since : leo so dorinneadh na cinidheacha annsa doṁan a ndiaigh na díleann, Bedel Gen. x 32 .

(λ) with vb. ` bind': to bind or fix sth. to a thing in motion , as a ship or a chariot. noscengland Cuchulainn Ercoil i ndiáid a charpait leis FB § 70 . cenglathar err trén tnúthach i nd. erri óencharpait, ib. 71 . ceanglaidhidh an toiléan sin (sc. Éire)...a ndiaigh bhur long OT 9. 4 .

(μ) idioms: diaid i ndiaid one after another = cách i ndiaid alaili (d, β). Of persons and actions: ré nói ríg déc diaid i ndiaid in continuous succession LL 144 a 48 . amal rachansam cech cert diaid i ndiaid, ib. 143 a 41 . a rígha ┐ a thóisigh diaigh a ndiaigh forin leith sin doréir a ndualgus ZCP i 372. 24 . tángatur in fían...muin ar ṁuin ┐ druim ar dhruim ┐ d. i nd. da innsaige, Fian. 54. 5 . re tri lá d. a nd. for three successive days CCath. 3401 . dá chreich diaigh a ndiaigh la gallaib for muintir Sercacháin RC xviii 292. 15 . rochuir in dá chroich diaid i ndiaid forin marb, LB 231 a 3 . a bhara fa gach aon aca bás dḟulang diaidh i ndhiaidh, TSh. 4.21 . san aois féin lé ngadtar bríogha an chuirp d. i nd. go gcuireann an bás fa ghréim fa dheóigh é, ib. 67. 7 . na ndeighḟer ndiongmála lás ro hernaidhmeadh í diaidh i ndiadh FM vi 2048. 15 . baí an tíarla ac dol i ndaoinib d. i nd. gaining more and more people to his side ib. vi 2082. 14 . ib. 2234. 15 . naoi ccéd bliadhain deóigh a ndeóigh 3 C 13, 558. 1 . ib. 368. 15 .—In sp. l. superseded by diaid ar ndiaid or i nd. ar nd.: do cailleadh iad go léir i ndiaidh ar ndiaidh (or d. i. nd.), W.K. do thuiteadar go léir i nd. ar nd. na gcodladh, Éinín órdha 2. 7 . Syn. cenn i cenn, druim ar druim.

i ndiaidh a chinn, i nd. mo chinn, &c. A modern idiom = headlong : do thuit sé a ndiaidh a chinn, Tor. Dh. 87 n. 3 . an taos óg aibriosc do theilgean a ndiaidh a gcinn a mbealach a mbasgaidhthe, Donl. xviii 25 . ag imtheacht i ndiaidh a chinn without thinking, without reflecting, W.K.—dochunnaic ar tús ar dorus ifirn croinntighi ┐ na pecthaid aga píanadh inntu ┐ drem díbh aga crochadh a ndiaidh a coss (hung by their feet) ┐ dream eile a ndiaidh a láṁ ┐ drem ele a ndiaidh a folt ┐ dream a ndiaidh a teangthadh ┐ drem ele [a n]diaidh a raigthidh, Lib. Flav. ii 38 vo b 15 . an tráth dochaithfinn an tsleagh...a ndiaidh a buna (sic leg.) is a hurloinn, Brooke and R. 268. 15 - 16 .

dul i nd. a láime, mod. idiom, to go to the bad Dinn.

na dhiaidh sin is uile, mod. idiom (also Sc.), all the same: d'imthig sé ródhianach ach na dh. s. i. u. do bhuail an tiasc leis. Also na dheabha san is uile ; cf. Manx na ili, ny yeih nevertheless. Syn. marsin féin.—Cf. e ζ.

B Prep. governing the dative.

(e) fo deud, fo diud ; Mid.-Ir. fo deoid. Mod. : fé dheoig, fé dheoig sin, fé dheo'san (fé dheabha san, see d above), W.K. synon. fé deireadh.—Translates `in fine' Sg 9 b 21 . quasi sterquilinium in fine perdetur : tras- cérthar fa deóid amal salchar PH 6063 .

(α) at last, in the end, ultimately , subsequent to all else in occurrence (but ina diad subsequent to what immediately precedes). Often, as the final link in a series of events, introduced by ar thuus, and continued by iarum, iarsin, iartain, ina diaid, &c. Opp. ar thuus, hi tuus : roét som sochaidi hi tús róslá úad uli fo deoig MT 135. 18 . ar tús...iartain...fa deo, Laws v 196. 13 . cael dóib ar thús in drochet lethan imurro fo deóid FA §§ 22 , 23 . co gránna ar tús ┐ álaind fa deoid RC xxiv 200. 18 . dot ṡroigled for tús...┐ dot chrochad fa deoid PH 2851 . ar tús...fa deóid, ib. 2142 . MOD. ar dtúis (a dtúis)...fé dheoigh.—ní fuair ní do biud...fo diud acht lubai in talman SR 1568 . fo diud, ib. 3087 . ructha fo diud...a triur i mBabilóin, Rawl. 46 a . crosfigild iarum fa deud MT 138. 14 . a cétul uli fa deoid, ib. 140. 29 . is and dothuit fo deoid, Laws ii 124. 15 . is éicean dó in ferann dḟácbáil fo deoid, iii 130. 22 . a ferunn rena braighe a braighe fo deoigh last of all, ii 40. 7 f.b. v 172. 2 f.b. fo deoaid in degbuaid, Fél. Gorm. Febr. 24 . a natberi sin fo déoid what you said last TBC 1897 . loinges O. ┐ loinges L. ┐ loinges na hingine Ruaide fa dheoigh, Cog. 40. 16 . ScM. § 12 . silled ┐ comrád iarum tadall na tam iarsin in gním fén (adultery) fa deoid PH 7809 . nonbéra fa deoid do aittreb na flatha nemda, ib. 5358 . ib. 4297 . 4201 . 1679 . 1916 . 2656 . 6651 . 7221 . toibéchar fair co díchondirclech fa deoid ó Dia, ib. 4113 . an cholann do chur i nuaim úrghránna...do dheanaṁ talṁan dí fa dheóigh, TSh. 32. 28 ; ib. 67. 8 ; 222. 13 . fa dheóigh damnughud síorruidhe, Donl. 148. 24 . dofuair bás fá dheoidh a gc&rdot;ann na croiche, ib. 32. 24 ; 364. 5 . neaṁaithrighe fá dheoidh final impenitence, one of the sins against the Holy Ghost, ib. 176. 15 ; 180. 3 , 17 .

(β) at last, at length , in a weakened sense, sometimes interchanging with iarsin thereupon . Often hardly dis- tinguishable from (α). rofaillsiged dano fó deóid do Adam- nán &c. (v.l. iarsin LB) FA § 3 . fortamlaigid in leoman fo deoid (v.l. andsein) forsin triur aili RC xxiv 174. 10 . rolen in cullach ┐ dorug air fo deoigh ZCP vi 78. 24 . iarsin dodechudsa fa deoid cor ṡuides i fiadnaise in dúileman, MacCarthy 68. 12 . MT 153. 22 . CC § 5 Eg. IT i 100. 19 . nocon ḟuaratar cinaid oc Ísu...fa deoid dodechatar ann dá ghuforglige PH 3144 .

(γ) for the last time, of order: conid hé sin marb rotaithbeógad fo deoid i nÉirind the last dead man restored to life ZCP iii 36. 1 .

(δ) last, i.e. at the end, in the rear . praeposterans .i. aní ba buthi ar thuus do thochur fo diud, Mil 29 a 8 . anas suthin immurgu ished rolaad fo deid, Wb 13 d 9 ... ar thús...isin luc tánaisi...isin tres luc...fáth airic imorro fa deoid is placed last Laws i 26. 10 . mo chland do dul hi cath ┐ hi crích ría cách ┐ do bith fo deóid oc tuidecht essi, Exp. 48 .

(ε) finally , indicating the last point or conclusion of a discourse, &c. ced ed tra fo deud. amal foruigensid do peccad fognid do fírinni, Wb 3 b 28 . fá dheóig mo dhear -bhráithreacha bíghídhe láidir sa dTighearna, Eph. vi 10 .

(ζ) mod. idiom fé dheoidh sin is uile, a strengthened fé dheoidh : bhí sé a bfaid na ṡeasaṁ suas ach thuit sé f. d. s. i. u. but at last he fell, W.K. Synon. fé dheireadh thiar thall. Cf. d μ.

(η) mod. air ndiaidh in what follows, below : na coinghill air a labhramuid air ndiaidh the conditions we are going to speak of Donl. 332. 14 . isan miontṡaothar so ar nd., ib. x 1 f.b .—diaid ar nd., v. d μ.

(θ) mod. as diaidh : do snaidhmeadh sí le cúigear as diaidh a chéile she was married to five men in succession (W.K.).

III Cpds. dead-blegon o, n. Last milking , opp. cét-b. : a cétblegon i llestar for leith a ṅdeadblegon i llestar naile, RC xxv 28. 3 . LL 271 a 10 . dead-ḟlaith i, m. f. Last prince or ruler (cf. déden-rí) : Cleopatra... deogflaith Greg, MacCarthy 302. 19 . deodhḟlaith cheneóil Duacháin FM iv 778. 4 . — Cf. .ded-ḟlaithus BB 11 b 32 . MacCarthy 292 g . dedól, q.v. air-dead, air-diden, q.v. ? dāl de dālaib dedarbe 'one of the encounters at the final breach' Celtica xxi 201.22 .

MOD. see I k, II a, d, e, ζ, η, θ. Sc. déidh, deóidh, deodh (air dheodh otherwise, else ).

decaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. decaid or dil.ie/14854

Forms: decáid

n Gk. δεκάς, a decade, a set of ten psalms ; pl. a name for Augustine's Commentary on the Psalter: sicut Augustinus in expositione psalmi .i. i ndecadib, Bcr. 33 b 15 . ut Augustinus dicit isna deccadib, Goid. 98. 14 . iar ṅdecadaib Augustin, Rawl. 57 b 2 .—Later decáid: oc cétul a ṡalm... for diapsalmaib ┐ sinsalmaib ┐ decáidib, MCgl. 13. 12 .

diapsalma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. diapsalma or dil.ie/15973

Forms: diabsalma

n (Lat. loan-word) diapsalm (used where Hebrew Selah occurs in psalms); musical pause: is hed immorru aspeir Augustin d.¤ interuallum uel in psallento, Hib. Min. 295 . is do suidigthir anni is d.¤ do etarscarath neich adroco- mallnad tria mierlegend, 306 . oc cetul a shalm . . . for diapsalmaib ┐ sinsalmaib, Aisl. MC 13 . diabsalma, Hib. Min. 302 . Ml. 2c2 .

diöl

Cite this: eDIL s.v. diöl or dil.ie/16673

n [n. ?] some kind of fillet or diadem (?): lodix .i. sléic nó ruamnae nó diol, Sg. 69a9 . a cír a criol cen chlód | cona diol (cona ndiol, LL) do derg-ór, Met. Dinds. iii 464 . imarchide a ndiol dichōid de muldach Muire ingini iar compert din Spirad naob . . . cethe (= cid he) cathbarr nogabtha forsind cetul hi fil molad Dē . . . (explaining why the Magnificat is sung after the Beati as a complement to it), Mon. Tall. § 1 (127.10) .

ernail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ernail or dil.ie/20307

Forms: erndaili

earlier erndaili, f. (vn. of ar-condla)

(a) a part, share: earnail .i. ...cuid no roinn, O'Cl. earnail .i. rann, Lec. Gl. 409 . a n-ernail buair ┐ braite their share of cattle and booty TBC 2432 (= TBC² 1773 ). ocht fichid ban, ba si a n-ernail din brait TBC² 3072 = básed a n-ernail TBC 4945 . ní rothomail C. nách hernail mbic dia n-irthorad Fél.¹ lxi 39 . Cf. for h'ernail dochum maithiusa thy participation in goodness = thy inclination towards goodness (?) PH 8215 .

(b) division, branch, class, category; kind, species: earnail .i. gné, O'Cl. da ernail .i. da fir-dedail, Auraic. 448 . cisi erndail di ernailib na canoine forta na psalma? to which division of the Canon do the Psalms belong? Hib. Min. 3. 61 . ataat deora erndaili forsin canoin 3.63 (= tres ordines, see note, p. 88 ). Cf. oc cetul a shalm...for aillib ┐ annalaib ┐ ernalib, Aisl. MC 13.11 . atat dí ernail for in almsain PH 5968 . atat di ernail forsin beithi-luis-nin, .i. feadha ┐ taebomnai, Auraic. 392 (da erndail v.l. 2781 ). 312 . sé hernaili déc na filidechta...saigid ┐ ascnam ┐ huaim do rind, etc., divisions, elements ZCP vi 262.23 = IT iii 29 . is í in almsain in tres ernail na fírinde = eleemosyna tertia species iustitiae est PH 5967 . immud anbthine na peni iar n-ernailib ecsamlaib FA 1 (LB). ro fhoghlaimset draidheacht ┐ ilcerda...gombtar fesach ina n-erndailib `in the branches thereof' Leb. Gab. i 142.20 . crand dognid torad ┐ no thechtadh gach sil doreir a earnaili BB 15b8 = Lec. 528a [gan sil BB]. ni aca ernail dhatha ná rabi and, etir glas ┐ gorm ┐ derg, etc. TTr.² 879 . cia hernail aisti triasa ndernad in Feilire? Ni ansa. rindaird, Fél. Pref. 14. 1 . frisin ernail airigthi don aisti seo dianad ainm reid- rindard 14.7 . ni con gabmait-ne nach n-ernail indmas any sort of wealth PH 2029 . cen nach n-ernail aithrige do denam 6437 . badar tri hernaili do ix n-earnailibh na draidechta leis `three of the nine kinds of augury' CCath. 932 . mór do ernailibh bais many kinds of death 2081 . in ernail tanaise for Páis in Choimded sund secundum Mathaeum here follows a second version PH p. 124 . Hence item, specification, of individuals, things, etc., which have just been or are about to be specified: cethri hernaile beiris in athgabail for tullata four things (circumstances; condi- tions) cause a distress to be immediate Laws i 212x Comm. mas i naimsir lobtha tancutur na hernuile sin riu these occurrences (just specified) ii 8.3 Comm. coig ernaili as a mberar in breth .i. a roscad, a fasach, etc., `five sources from which judgment is drawn' v 8.22 Comm. cuic earnaile ata lan-eneclann: lan-aer ┐ glam diccind, etc., five classes (of offence) 234.11 Comm. ; 512.18 Comm. (arnaile); 452.5 Comm. (airnaile). iv 216.20 Comm. nách ernail péne dibsin PH 2554 . do muccaib ┐ d'aigib alta ┐ d'ernail cacha fíada olchena (category of every game = every class of game) LU 127a 37 . nár baithestar hernail cecha forcetail immad na peccad `no kind of teaching lessened the abundance' PH 8250 . nemopthach fri hernail cech uilc 8182 . i n-ernail cech uilc 8092 . 8135 . ar ernail gach uabhair every kind of pride ZCP x 347.35 . tárraidh...iomatt óir ┐ ionnmhais ┐ gach ernaile ele baoi lasna hE., FM v 1742.4 .

étan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. étan or dil.ie/20655

Forms: édan, étan

n o, m. édan, m. IGT, Decl. § 17 . Front, brow, forehead: étan (gl. frons) Sg 113b7 . don etan (gl. fronti) Gild. Lor. 103 . brōn .i. a fronte ar is for ētan bīt[h] aithgne mbrōin nó fāilte, O'Mulc. 167 . topach[t] a ḟolt o chúl có étan de TBC 1891 . romair in lon láith assa étun LL 121b29 = RC iii 181.35 . atraracht an lon láich asa éton TTr.² 1474 . co n-ecmaing a hirlond inn-éton in rechtaire combói triana chend siar, Ériu iii 136.12 . i n-étan ind rechtaire LU 53b29 . is leis doradadh cuing for muinélaibh damh ar tús, ar is fria n-édnu na ndamh do bhíth a feidm gó sin, Cóir Ann. 103 . fri etnu dam LU 131b1 . co ti allus bar n-etan, MacCarthy 58 z (cf. SR 1452 ). i llaind a étain TBC 1266 . hi certmedón a édain PH 7271 . a gclár a éudain, Rev. xiv 9 . tuicsin isin incind edain = intellectus in fronte Ériu ix 63.3 . Transf. and fig.: a n-aigthe...fo thúaid ┐ gǽth garb ina fír-etan FA 26 LU (= ina n-enech LB). i calne lúin éton (: cétol) in front of the calends of June Fél. June 1 . i nOchtimbir étun (: cétul), Oct. 1 . Of hills , etc. :tainic reime i n-étnaib cnocc ┐ carracc, Acall. 3438 . cuirfid Tuath D.D. ind-étnaib cnocc ┐ carracc 7535 . co táet fuil flann | fonn fo étnu across the face of the plains Arch. iii 297.14 . In expressions denoting to face, front: is la hUib C. cētaig | cruadc[h]ongbail a n-ētain friu `it behoves ...to confront them fiercely' Ériu vi 121.19 . Ētar étan ri dílind, Met. Dinds. iii 104.1 ; 110.13 . do sheas mé a n-adhuigh a éduin, Gal. ii 11 . The end of a table, room, etc., as opposed to the side: éadan an tighe ag na hollamhnaibh ┐ an t-éadan oile ag lucht freastail `the upper end...the other end' (oppd. to slios `the long side') Keat. ii 3903 . soir ┐ siar do bhádar dá éadan an tighe `the ends of the house looked east and west' iii 568 . a gcert-édan in buird `at the head of the table' Fl. Earls 46.27 . Of the bottom of a vessel: ni frith dabhuch a raibe édon BCC § 158 = ni frith domain isin dabaig .i. más, Fél. 244.23 . Front of a book SGS iv 92 : ar bhfaicsin bhar n-anma-so ina heudan Luc. Fid. 4 .

gleten

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gleten or dil.ie/26077

n ā,f.

(a) completing (the orig. sense being settling, deciding ?): a cétul uli ... iar ngletin na salm, Mon. Tall. § 33.

(b) decision by arms, combat, strife: gleten .i. gleó, O'Cl. .i. gleo teann, ib. gleden gluair ... claidium cruaid ... Dalcais, Cog. 180.9 . do neoch thānic 'sin gletin | nī tērna ōenfer, ZCP iii 23 § 6 . co mbeogletin, xiv 160.2 . torged gletin, LL 181a14 = Met. Dinds. iv 100.14 . cia rosgnáthaig gletin ngéir (: etir), LL 138a16 . cin gleitin (: creitim), Ériu i 41 § 7 . co ngabadh do gleitin géir, SG 35.4 . gním da gnímaib da gletin | Dromma Crïeich (: cretim), Met. Dinds. iv 52.137 . cuindchid ngra ┐ gledin (sic) gaiscid fair = gleidin innsaigid fair, King's Inns, No. 13, 6ra4 .

immaircide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immaircide or dil.ie/27675

Forms: immaircidib, nephimmaircide, immair- cidiu, immaircidid

adj io, iā suitable, fitting, appropriate, becoming: iustum est .i. is i.¤ , Ml. 127c5 . oportuno .i. immaircidi, 81b6 . is i.¤ frisin ceill, 27d22 . robu i.¤ lialailiu, 14a4 . hore is do crist et dond eclis is i.¤ , Wb. 22c17 . cia airm indid i.¤ do epert amén, 12d18 . is i.¤ cerubé subiunctiuus pro imperatiuo, Sg. 163b6 . seircc immircidi do dia gl. caritatem, Wb. 12b26 . hond forcitul immaircidiu gl. conuenienti testimonio, Ml. 35b12 . immaircidib gl. conuenientibus [uerbis], 34a14 . nephimmaircide gl. inconueniens, 17b6 . Compar. ba immair- cidiu frisinn intliucht, 27b9 . Adv. ind immaircidid gl. bene, 66d3 . ind immaircidid (MS. immaircidib) gl. oportunae, 75b10 .

immaircidhi cidh isin caecat- madh lucc no beith in psalm, Hib. Min. 203. fólamastar cathraig do chongbail and ol pa immaircede leis `it seemed to him convenient,' Trip.² 1956. imarchide andíol dichoid de muldach muire ... cethe cathbarr nogabtha forsind cetul `it is fitting that the song (?) which came from the head of the Virgin Mary ... should be set ...,' Mon. Tall. 127.9 . is ed is imarcidi laiseom den scribul sin `he considers it proper in regard to that groat,' 143.12 . ialla órda no bítis fria groigib na n-elefint ... in tan ba himarcaide, Alex. 623. as í sutt do fpian imairgide-siu, Aisl. Tund. 100 § 2. tuirem na mbīad n-imda n-imorcide n-ēcsamail, Aisl. MC 71.3 . ni imaircidi eturru intan feadair innsci for a n-aill .i. ferinsci for baninnsci, Auraic. 528. gur bo hadha ┐ gur bho hiom- airgdhe doibh dul do dhíoghail a mbrathar, Leb. Gab. 246.5 . comhairlighit gur vo himairgidhe dōip a lēigen gach ndīreach gusin fFrainc, Fl. Earls 10.19 . gur bhó hiomairccidhe dhó gé no dhiccsedh fó sídh `that it was meet for him to come,' FM vi 2334.6 . ba himairgide ┐ ba himchubaid dosom sin, Fen. 164.15 . of a size to fit: ní raibe diib diamad imairgide (of a ring), RC xii 72 § 42. ba himaircithe go tallfad lano- main ina lige foro laur (of a ladle), 86.6 .

sin(p)salma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sin(p)salma or dil.ie/37624

n (Lat. loan-word): sinpsalma uocum coniunctio .i. accomal ṅgotha, Hib. Min. 9.296 . is do suidigthir anní as sinpsalma do accomal neich etarroscrad tria mierleginn `symp- salma is put to join together anything that has been separated by misreading', 311 . diapsalma ┐ sinpsalma, 291 . oc cētul a shalm . . . for diapsalmaib ┐ sinsalmaib ┐ decáidib `in dia- psalms and syn-psalms and sets of ten', Aisl. MC 13.12 .

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