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bocad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bocad or dil.ie/6224
Last Revised: 2013

 

u, m. vn. of bocaid. act of softening, in various applications. softening, combing (wool): b.¤ ┐ brecadh ┐ fige `teasing', Manners and Customs iii 115 n.83 . a fobairt . . . a llendaib . . . ola . . . do boccadh ┐ do righniugadh (opp. to do crúadughadh ┐ do chaitiugud, 5219 ) . . . a adbair to soften its material (of a battle-hauberk), CCath. 5217. Of speech: níor labhair . . . / . . . / acht fuighle do bhíodh [dá] mbogadh he spoke . . . only mumbled words (?) (of a disappointed lover), DDána 32.27 . Of consonants act of softening, leniting : treidi doghni uath (i.e. h) .i. bogad ┐ semigudh ┐ airdibdad. B. cetumus: for taebomnaib ┐ 'na ndiaidh doeagmaing doib .i. do p do c [7] do t ut cloch, both, Auraic. 1264. b.¤ cuill .i. clach ┐ ach lenition of c., 1273 . In IGT devoicing : ní fhuil cadad eidir .s. ┐ .c. le mbéradh bogadh air an tan nach .c. cumaisg é, IGT Introd. § 30.10 . eól ar uile chumhachtuibh connsuineadh idir chadad ┐ bháthadh ┐ bhogadh, ┐ chrúadhughadh, § 2.11 . an tan teaguimh connsuine crúaidh eidir da .s., treisi don .ts. déigheanaigh aga bhogadh iná don chéd .s. aga chrúadhughadh mur so: íasg ┐ sgíos íaiscíos a chomhfhocal, § 35 (12.2) .

Further applications: sugh cruaiche Padraig, no midhuidhi . . . ┐ dena a mbogad ( = tepefacta, Vocab.), Rosa Angl. 290.25 . bolgam uisci ar na bogad sa bél, Celtica ii 34 § 6 . gan bhogadh bríghnirt unweakened , Keat. Poems 49. an cuibhreach do bhogadh orruinn `to slacken the bonds on us', Oss. iii 138.2 . bheith ag bogadh / fan gcleith nó fan gcloidheamh / bas choirrgheal an churadh to lightly grasp the hurdle or the sword, DDána 98.21 . clisteri bogtha 'a laxative clyster', O'Gr. Cat. 181.34. in gai mor . . . focert urchur de co mbai ar b.¤ i mbroind in ech cranda ` quivering ', ZCP ii 438 § 23 (`remained stuck', Aen. 446 ). Of warming water: blogam uisci ar na bogad sa bél `a mouthful of water warmed in one’s mouth´ Celtica ii 34 § 6 .

Compd. ar comhchrithnughadh ┐ bogadh-bertnugadh `shaking and trembling', Fl. Earls 186.10 (see 1 boc compds.).

6 ces

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 6 ces or dil.ie/8819
Last Revised: 2013

 

(cia 'what is (it)?' + es (usually as), 3 sg. n. of the preposition a: (lit.) 'what is it from (it)?') interr. pron. how, why is it? (used as a question marker, the equivalent of the manuscript compendium cs̄ ): ces co randat comarbus cetumus 'how do they share inheritance in the first place?' CIH ii 740.10 , Ériu xliii 4-8 . ceist (leg. ces; MS. cs̄): cateat grád túaithe?, Críth G. 10 .

1 réim(m)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 réim(m) or dil.ie/34959

 

Forms: réimm, rréim, rem, reim, reim, remim, réim(m)enn, réim

n n, n. , later m. and f. (vn. of 1 réidid) Not in Glosses; a s. réimm occurs in a poem in Sg. 112 ( Thes. ii 290.5 ). n s. (with art.) a rréim sin, Fél. Oct. 16 . rem n-āga, LU 3602 ( IT i 216.18 ). reim n-án, SR 5223 . reim n-erreth, O'Mulc. 411 . d s. remim, SR 1634 . n p. réim(m)enn. In Mid.Ir. masc., also fem. (as ā-stem). réim m. and f. (g s. n p. -e), IGT Dec. § 45.7 .

(a) as vn. of 1 réidid, `going', movement, advance, course : (with objective gen.) ni ágor reimm Mora Minn don laechraid lainn I do not fear the coursing of the Irish sea by the fierce heroes , Thes. ii 290.5 . echraide i réim riadatar they advanced on horseback , ZCP viii 103.24 (B. na f.). bá socraid a rréim ronucset Ulaid do Cruachnaib, FB 42 . adconnaircset Aenias . . . ina chruaidhrem catha chucu, Aen. 3045 . toluidh B. in reimim do chum in tsítha, ZCP viii 104.10 (advbl. dat.). go rangatar ina reimim for a n-eachaibh, AFM vi 1922.10 . tiagait for a remim in chetna they proceed on their way , Ériu viii 157.3 . do éaluigh G. . . . 's níor bhfes do nech díobh a réim none of them knew whither he had gone , i 30.222 . cait a fuil Froech? . . . indis damh a reim roime, ZCP xiii 170.21 . dochuaid int ēn for foluamain fon reim sin i n-airdi aer, Aen. 1134 . Of streams, etc.: tarrasair in sruth 'na thoss | dia remim, SR 1634 . co n-acind a tráig 's a tuli ina réimim, ZCP v 497.1 . iar remendu ro-baissi divagations , Ériu iii 14 § 6 . fir Érenn . . . co rogail remenn reimib with valiant onward march , Leb. Gab.(i) i 110.20 . cain a cemend, rigdha a remend masa mordha, Anecd. i 61.6 (of a woman). (prov.) réim re hard, BNnÉ 286 § 274 (of a difficult undertaking). réim fri fogaist, TBC-LL¹ 2117 = drēm, TBC-I¹ 1505 , dréim St., prob. right reading. In sense of route, direction : techt i ndáil ailt Ulad . . . mairg ragas in réim, TBC-LL¹ 3273 . mairg cingis in reim rod-sain (i.e. to Hell), ZCP vi 265.5 .

(b) course, manner, way (of procedure, conduct, etc.): is ecsamail reim daonachta caich `the course of nature differs in each man', Mon. Tall. 63 . cindas do reimi-siu? ind hi lanamnus ataí? `what sort of life dost thou lead?' 21 . réim aósa lanamnasa `the course prescribed to a wedded couple', 50 . Conall . . . réil a reimend doings , LL 182b51 ( Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 24 ). fagbaid fear . . . re siubhal reacht is rēmionn (= for maintaining laws and customary procedure?), Duan. F. ii 158 § 17 . adeirim-si rit-sa | cach rí tic is tír-si, | cach réim tic ar Erinn, ZCP iii 31.30 (= period, régime? or dynasty, see d?). do choimhéadadar . . . an réim se an troisgthe course (system) of fasting , TSh. 8273 . gurab í réim an teaga[i]sg sin Chríosd choiméadas an Eagluis, Eochairsg. 85.13 . gurab móide do tuigfidhe réim na neithe-se `the sequence of these events', Keat. ii 4778 . i reim na beatha so, TSh. 108 . re faghbháil bháis . . . i dtús a réime, Keat. Poems 131 . réim `a course of life', Eg. Gl. 566 . In chevilles prob. course, procedure : luid fiad in rig rān, reim ṅdein, SR 2157 . feib tharṅgert duit, rem cen brath, 6359 . réim as díxu, Fél. Jan. 21 . bentar cluicc . . . ar Raghallcaibh, reim brighe `an effectual course', BNnÉ 285.23 . airgthear . . . Dún Con Raoi, fa réim uaibhreach `proud exploit!', Content. xxx 33 .

(c) transf. from advance of a troop to the troop itself, rank; in follg. exx. apparently of a band or company in marching order: tocumlat ass Ulaid . . . cach drong immá rig. cach réim immá rurig. cach buden immá túsech, FB 7 ( LU 8102 ). cach réim imma muirech, TBC-LL¹ 459 . rosláiset i ndrongaib ┐ buidnib ┐ remnaib . . . cech réim imma rígdamna, LL 220b36 ( TTr. 267 ). Hence prob. O'Cl.: réim .i. buidhean.

(d) series, succession, list : réim calne a series of calends , Fél. Prol. 306 . réim sruithe `a succession of elders', July 23 . is amlaid-se áirmiter i rréim rigraide na ríg, LL 26a26 (prob. of an official record). co mbeth airemh secht righ ndécc . . . ga ccor sa réim rioghraidhe, ZCP viii 108 x . i nduain an réme rioghraidhe `the poem which enumerates the kings', AFM iv 692 z . Réim Ríoghruidhe agus naoimhsheanchusa na hEirionn, O'Curry MS. Mat. 549.9 . gabhais [Níall] righe reimenn | Erenn ocus Alban `took troops (?) of the kingdoms' (? took the kingship of the royal lines or dynasties), Cóir Anm. 118 . gach rí do reim Fhíachach, Irish Texts ii 45 § 37 . do phóir-shliocht na réime ríogh, Keat. Poems 105 . fuath Echtair ┐ Aichil i comrac ┐ amal adorchair Echtair . . . Amal atconnairc Aenias in rem-sea forna delbaib that series (of events depicted), Aen. 319 . móirsheisear díobh . . . do ghabh ríghe . . . mar áirmheas réim na rolla `as the rolls record', Content. xxviii 38 .

(e) in grammar an inflected case of a noun ; often of the acc. case, the gen. and dat. being termed respectively taoibréim and tuillréim, but commonly of any form distinguished by inflection from the nom.; also of the inflecting process itself. is reim gach tuissel on ainmnid sis, Auraic. 4862 . esse remme `the essence of flection', 905 (defined: in bruudh fillti fogurda . . . otha in ainm[n]iudh n-uathaid co foxlaid n-ilair). ceithri gne for prois o reim . . . reim suin cen cheill cetumus .i. fer fir; reim suin ┐ cheilli .i. Fland Flaind; reim suin tantum Patraic Patraic; ┐ taebreim prosta .i. fadein, 872 , cf. 791 , 3608 . gach ainm . . . a n-anann a réim (i.e. every noun which has the same form for nom. and acc.), IGT Introd. § 81 . gach focal as a ttéid a réim (every noun which alters its form in declension), § 72 . `ag sin', `ag súd' is `ag so', comhchóir réim is ainm orra, § 128 (i.e. these phrases may be followed by either nom. or acc.). ní cóir focal . . . as a ttéid a réim a ndiaigh oibrighthi gan réim, § 78 (i.e. a noun with an inflected form for acc. must have it when obj. of a vb.). deiligther [trīath] ina rēmmenaib [remennu, LB]: trīath `rí' trēith a rēim, trīath `muir' .i. trethan a réim, trīath `torc' tréithi a rēim, Corm. Y 1202 (the different senses of `tríath' are distinguished by their gen. sing.). bol . . . buil a reim, 194 . tellur . . . tellrach a reim, O'Mulc. 868 .

(f) in prosody the terms réim filidechta and réim bairdne (distinguished from r.¤ proisi `inflection') appear to stand for alliteration of two kinds; see Auraic. 780 , 805 , 863 fg. , 3587 fg.

Compds. ¤dírech straight of course, direct (fig.) straightforward: mac rioghdha réimdírech, Anecd. iii 1.5 . go leanann go réimdhíreach san rian chéadna, TSh. 2390 . ¤dírge directness, straight direction : tiagait . . . i slíab Fhúait cach remdirgi by the most direct way , LL 105b21 . ¤dírgud: co roibhi coimhtinol na ceithri ngaeth ica reimdirgud driving it straight forward (of a ship), D IV 2 75ra7 . In AFM vi 2326.14 : acc réimshéducchadh a muintire . . . in gach conair dodhaing `to lead', we should prob. read reimhshédughadh.

2 tí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 tí or dil.ie/40661
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tithe

n f. n p. tithe, Corm. Y 607. d p. tighib, Celtica ii 38 § 15 . tightib, 52 § 18 .

(a) line, circle: cuires ... ti dia bhachaill a ttimcheall an bhuair, BNnÉ 185.29 . fuair bas iar tteacht tar an tt.¤ dó, 31 . co tabair t.¤ dia erbull impu, RC xx 410.2 . títhe im ghruaidh ` furrows ,' Hackett xix 12 . Of the lines on a chess-board: is cethrachair cētumus ind fithchill ┐ it dīrge a tīthe, Corm. Y 607 . dias dub damsa im en fer fhind duidseo forsin nentí, Ériu v 32.21 . tú, a rígh Bhredh, ar an tt.¤ thall | as fer ar gach t.¤ ad tiomchall, TD ii 198.36 .

(b) in pl., space enclosed by lines, `fines,' surface: títhe orláir do ghruadh ngeal, Studies 1921 74 § 6 . ní lingfidhir títhe cláir Chraoi Chonchobhair, DDána 109.19 . saoirthíthe chóig ccoigedh, Book of O'Conor Don 297b16 .

(c) spot : dá bfaghbar ... éntí fholaimh at ghnúis, O'Gr. Cat. 456.5. an t.¤ ghlas ní dheachaidh de, Keat. ii 306 . croicne leoman ngel ┐ dub ┐ derg ina tithib, ZCP i 380.12 títhe dearga o thrágh go tráigh, Rel. Celt. ii 224.30 .

(d) preceded by the preposition for, later ar, pursuing, attacking, attempting to, about to: mong .i. mo ... a fochaidhe .i. maile no leithe no cutum for a thi, Corm. Y 935 . dotét fer tíre co fíadnaib lais ... for (MS fori) tí inna mbech 'the owner of the land comes in pursuit of the bees accompanied by witnesses', Bechbretha 189 (e) . beth for th.¤ na ndaine seo, Laws v 160.14 Comm. isat marba in lucht batar ar bar tíi, LB 143b26 . ecc ro pa truacch ara t.¤ , AFM ii 898.14 . sé's an talamh ar t.¤ a chéile, PBocht 10.3 . do bhí H. ar a th.¤-sean, Mark vi 19 . léim ar th.¤ `léim tar tórainn ?' (note), Dán Dé xv 20 . atá teaghlach a thighe | ar t.¤ tuillidh muinntire seeking increase, xxi 29 . ná bí ar t.¤ chagaidh ar chlog, Studies 1924, 244 § 27 . tillid airgtheóiridhe ... dá dtigh ar t.¤ fillte go grod tar a n-ais post non longum tempus reversuri, Keat. ii 6123 . tarla an mac ... na dhalta ... ag Ciarán ar t.¤ bheith na mhanach, iii 825 . do bhíodh a thoil ar t.¤ a dáilte `ready to be bestowed', Studies 1919, 75 § 20 . ar t.¤ síothchána do cheangal, TSh. 3834.

Cf. doraind Pátraic Ráith nAirthir a bachaill buan tith, Trip.² 754 . techta .i. ti ichta uair t.¤ riagail, Cóic Con. 29 § 14.

3 úath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 úath or dil.ie/42807
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ūath, úath

n (a) a whitethorn : ūath .i. scē (v.l. sceach), ar imat a delg, Corm. Y 1278 . úath .i. sgé, no sgeach, O'Cl. an sceach gheal, .i. scé, .i. uathadh, Gadelica 56.30 (H. O'Sullivan's Diary). amal atraig ilar ḟlesc o uathmecnaib (MS. fhuathmecnu) 'as many rods arise from white-thorn roots' Misc. Ascoli 368 § 6 .

(b) name of the letter h : uath ó Uiría, IGT, Introd. § 4 . uath in ogaim crand fir no sce ar a delgaighe insin, Auraic. 5516 . huath dono, is o chrand rohainmniged .i. sce, 1176 , 4272 . conal cuan do rad re huath in ogaim ar coibnius in anma, 5546 . cis lir fogla ogaim ┐ caiteat? ... uath a v, 5491 . treidi doghni uath .i. bogad ┐ semigudh ┐ airdibdad, 1264 . uath bogas in beithi fil and, ar ni bi p isin Gaedilc, 1270 . huath cetumus: is ed fhuilleas b co ngeib greim p, 432 . scriuthair ┐ ni hairimther uath isna foclaib dedenachaib arna litrib, acht nod tinfid, 1230 . teora fuilti ind Auraicepta .i. huath ┐ forsail ┐ arnin, 430 . coitchend immorro do thaebomnaib acht huath, 766 . taebomna dia togaib uath ceand doraith `a consonant along with which h constantly appears,' 1408 . aicme huatha, 5699 . In phr. co n-úath lenited : tinne go n-uath ... coll go n-uath 'lenited t ... lenited c', Celtica xxxvii 59 § 5 . duir go n-uath 'lenited d', Celtica xxvii 60 § 8 .

uindim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. uindim or dil.ie/43004

 

Forms: uinnse, uinnsi, uinnsi, ondar, -se, -si, -seo, -sea, -siu, undar, ondar

v I see (see O'Brien, Ériu xi 163 ): ni uindim aon-nin am chin (.i. ni faicim aonlitir am lebhar), ZCP v 488 § 4 . nir uindes dáe ba dilse (.i. ni facas duine ba tairisi), 489 § 12 . Cf. unsea (.i. atchonnarc) ra dún anechtair, LL 265b44 ( MU 26 ). unsea riu sain anair LL 266a28 ( MU 28 ). In Auraic. 649 , 1875 , 3351 , the forms uinnse, uinnsi, (unnse, uinnsi 1875 ) ondar are explained as masc. fem. and neut. respectively; cf. isse, issi, issed, iar Macaib Miled; uindius, uindsi, ondor, iar Feraib Bolg, 1495 . O'Brien (l.c.) compares the forms with `fil' and `ag so,' pointing out that they can be followed by the acc., e.g.: undseo mac ṁbec, TBC-LL¹ 5565 . He takes uinn- (uind-) to be impv. sg. 2; -se, -si, -seo, -sea representing O. Ir. -siu, the emphasizing pron. sg. 2; undar, ondar (onnar) (see exx. below), he takes as pass. sg. Whatever their origin the forms correspond generally in meaning to: there is; behold : (stirps) uinse .r. ante .p. and, Sg. 3b29 . huinse albani asin dunad ... huindse ceithern gilla ara cend, TBC-I¹ 3430 . huinse Conall Cernach sund, TBFr. § 28 (v.l. huinnse, RC xxiv 153 ). huinnsi mu cheli hi nUaran G., IT iii 242.223 . caite deochair eter se ┐ uinse? uindse cetumus sluind persainni sainraidchi insin, ut dicitur: unse uait in fer saindriud cona anmaim, ut dixit poeta: unse chugut in gillgugan, Auraic. 705 (= uindsi, Corm. Y 1103 ). cáte C. ? ... undse sund tall, or F., LU 5752 (= huinse, TBC-I¹ 1280 ). undseo mac ṁbec ... eturru, TBC-LL¹ 5565 (uindsi v.l.). unse a ben lasin ríg, TBFr. § 27 (v.l. uinnsi, RC xxiv 153 . huinnsi, ZCP iv 45 ). uindsi .i. atā, ZCP v 484 § 7 ; cf. iii 378 ; v 487 §§ 11; 1 . ca hairm i fuil do thighernausa? ... uinnsi thall é, ZCP viii 540 (cf. uindsi thall he .i. aici thall e, Lec. Gl. 38 ). uinnsiu, a Froich, ... coeca sleg, ZCP xiii 175.24 . cf. ib. 17 , 20 . uinnsi secht slan do chathig, Anecd. i 43.16 . Cf. undseo co lluath dotbia in tuath, LL 45b33 ( huaimse, Rawl. 86a2 ). undar dait sund comartha, LU 5407 ( TBC-I¹ 930 ). ondar dossom in del chliss dia mescad LU 5146 ( TBC-I¹ 663 ). Cf. ondat a baí issin tír ar far mbélaib, TBFr. § 27 (impv. pl. 3 ?).