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1 adairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adairt or dil.ie/270

 

Forms: adhairt, aghuirt

late form of vn. of 1 and 2 adraid (see O'Rahilly, SGS i 33 ). adhairt (aghairt, aghuirt v.l.) `lochdach', IGT Vbs.§ 46 . naem in druth ┐ ag adhairt do Dia bis, O'Curry 554 ( H 3.18, 22 ). na radairc do-chim do chnoccaibh / aduirt (aghairt v.l.) díb nír docair dam l., ex. 413 . gé táim ag adhairt d'iul cham, PBocht 119 § 3 .

1 aire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aire or dil.ie/1883

 

n [] f. See Lochlann ii 221-2 .

(a) As vn. act of guarding, watching over, tending, caring for: a.¤ inna aithche huile gl. uigelando, Ml. 95d10 . ara mbethe ico n-airi co llocharnnaib (of guarding relics), Trip.² 2828 . mo arise duib innocht olse fri triar caém dia muntir . . . is amluid . . . robatar ocond a.¤ you guard me tonight, LL 282a36 . ba marb-sa da iṅgnais de / cen co ti-sium dam a.¤ , to tend me, TFerbe 485 . roḟitir Cormac ord n-a.¤ (na ha.¤, v.l.) the order of the watch, Ériu iii 137.55 . are in puirt na tora tascur don lir, Laws i 128.12 Comm. tú liaigh na hanma d'a.¤ , Dán Dé vii 20 . Of `waking' the dead: clérich H. dollotar d'airi P., Thes. ii 320.3 (Hy. ii). batar ic airi in chuirp isna aidchib, Trip.² 3008 . baí . . . acc a.¤ na ccorp co nonóir, AFM ii 780.2 . airet robatur sruithi E. ica a.¤ , Lism. L. 636 . Note also: a.¤ (.i. grādh nó troscud) na sanct ina fēil (B. na f.), ZCP v 486 § 9 . In hostile sense looking out for (in order to attack): do bhiodhbha is é t'fhear faire / . . . / an t-olc reimhe is é ar th'a.¤ on the look-out for you, DDána 10.8 . na cóig námhaid do ní ar gclodh / . . . / a n-a.¤ nó go ndeach dhíom / bíodh faire ar an dteach i dtám until I cease to look out for them (i.e. the five senses), Dán Dé ix 7 .

(b) notice, heed, attention: dobéer desemmrecht dúib . . . frissacomricfea far n-a.¤ `I will now give you an example which your attention will attain to', Wb. 12c35 . connach cuiread as a airi cathuchud na T., and he could not put the fighting out of his mind, TTebe 1257 . tóghbaidh sé a n-a.¤ dona neithibh saoghalta it takes their mind off earthly things, TSh. 9272 .

Used in a large variety of idioms with verbs and prepositions.

(c) With prec. prep. in sét atá form' a.¤ , `the path on which I am intent', Ériu vi 115.3 . ní suan fír baoith boi ar mh'a.¤ `that I was bent on', Mart. Don. Dec. 4 . bith ar th'a.¤ take heed, Ériu iii 145 § 24 . is aithnid damh-sa créd ata ar h'aire `I know what is in thy thought', ZCP vi 58.24 . ní beag do thír é ar a ha.¤ , TD 29.4 . is edh sin . . . tuccadh ar mh'aire-si gurbho gillae amhulcach ócc tusa, Irish Texts iii 15.9 . With do-cuirethar: doralus ar m'airi / gréschi occa ṅguidi, Fél. Prol. 15 . oebind na tarla ar m'a.¤ , LL 210a19 . is trén tárla ar a airi strongly was his attention engaged, Hy Fiach. 210 . diongna an ní tharla ar th'a.¤ `strange is the task you undertake', Content. xiv 4 . do-beir x do a.¤ pays attention to x, heeds x: is tabartha do airi . . . indus in cheneōil cosa tīagam, TBC-I¹ 327 . ní rabi d'esbaid . . . ar duni . . . ríam a ra tucad da ari acht co facced R. that he would heed, MU² 701 . tabrad cách dia airi co ticfa bráth, LU 2495 . in tan nach tabrai dot airi in senoir Anachis . . . dobeth isin gabad atait, Aen. 570 . tan nā taibret dia n-a.¤ / na pīana . . ., Ériu iii 29 § 2 . tabhair dot a.¤ . . . nách ccuirfe aonchuid don choimhthionól ad leith guarded, Desid. 6483 . tabhair dot airi . . . nách drochumhla atá agat mirad, 1971 . an dtabhair Aodh dá a.¤? does A. pay heed to? TD 4.36 . tug th'a.¤ nach breith le báidh / do thagra féin ar Niall náir, Content. iv 2 . Note also: antar frim a.¤ co n-accar in coimriti in fer isind airide, ZCP viii 120.16 . ? fáilte ni thaet imm a.¤ , LL 261a40 ( IT i 79 ).

(d) With follg. prepp. With DI: do chloinn dochoidh a n-a.¤ they had given up hope of children, DDána 27a. 10 . With DO: masa th'airi téit don brut . . . rot fia if your mind is set on the mantle, LU 3112 . mairg a.¤ do chuaid don gus alas that attention was paid to the fierce advice(?), MR 14.23 . do bhéar-sa a.¤ dhuid-se / tar cheann Torna san troid-se `on behalf of T. I will face you', Content. vi 2 . With FOR (AR): roloisc[s]et a mbar(a)ca . . . conapedh a n-a.¤ for teiched `so that they should not think of retreating', RC xii 58 § 9 . dá mbeith a n-a.¤ oram if they heeded me, Dán Dé xxv 10 . ní bí a.¤ ac lucht an oilein sin ar raed ar bith acht ar chogad `the folk of that island care for nothing . . .', Maund. 168 . od conncatar goill a.¤ cenél C. for an marcsluaigh `when the English saw that the attention of C. was directed towards the cavalry', AFM iii 320.y . bídh a.¤ mhór agom orra I take great care of them, Desid. 6356 . With prec. do-cuirethar: is air dorala a a.¤ on this his mind became set, RC xxxvii 348 § 57 . is í sin aimser a tarrla a.¤ ríg na hE. ar fad aontuma a ingine, ML² 492 . ón lá tarrla ar n-airi air `as long as we can remember', Ériu iv 220 § 34 . With FRI: cóir are re dīgail Dé it is right to beware of God's vengeance, BColm. 100.5 . bíd th'a.¤ frisin lá atbél `keep watch for the day of my death', Metr. Dinds. iii 212.37 . ó nach raib a n-a.¤ re himgabáil a dtáisig for they had no intention of . . . Caithr. Thoirdh. 40.5 . amhail na biadh a a.¤ fri a niarmhóireacht itir `as though he had no intention of pursuing them', AFM v 1852.11 . a fhiarfaige dé an roibe sa baili enní re roibe a a.¤ no suil aige `anything that he liked', L. Chl. S. 44.1 . t'a.¤ rum, a rí na mbreath `list to me', Aithd. D. 51.11 . ar n-aireine re hiath Cuinn / ag triath dhaighfhine Dhomhnuill `my thought of Conn's land belonging in future time to Mac D.'s brave host', 29.15 . With prec. téit: na dechaidh a hairi re commamdacht uad (she said) that her mind was not turned to wedlock with him, CCath. 1150 . dochoidh . . . cidh mh'airi-si m'oenar ria boin I had set my mind on a cow all for myself, Lism. L. 1582 . = imm boin, Three Hom. 78.13 . úair ní th-ari-siu téit ria since it is no concern of yours, Ériu i 134.4 . ní dechaidh a hairi-si fri feall furri do Ænias she did not expect that deception would be practised on her by A., Aen. 788 . ní mó téit m'a.¤-si rem' comfurtacht duid nor have I any hope that you will help me, ZCP vi 64.23 . With I N-: admhaim go dtéid mh'a.¤ inn / gach ní ad-chím 's ad-chluinim, DDána 60.24 . tuc a a.¤ 'sin ningin, ZCP viii 268 § 45 . With IMM: dochuaid . . . cid m'a.¤ si m'oenar imm boin I had set my heart on having a cow all for myself, Three Hom. 78.13 = fria boin, Lism. L. 1582 . ro bo lughaide a n-a.¤ . . . fá fhaillidhe in comuill `they less than ever were inclined to fail in execution', etc., Caithr. Thoirdh. 103.y .

(e) As interj. look, take care: are, in gai-se for Bude, ol C. LU 5798 ( TBC-I¹ 1326 ). th'a.¤ chugat, a Uí L. look out , Maguires of F. 21 .

Later faire q.v.

báegul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báegul or dil.ie/5134
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: báoghal

n o, n. (but see Laws i 90.y below) báoghal m., IGT Decl. § 17 (71.28) .

(a) unguarded condition, danger, hazard, vulnerability; chance, opportunity (of taking by surprise, inflicting an injury): amal dotéitside do gabáil báiguil intan nád nacastar gl. sicut fúr in nocte, ita ueniet, Wb. 25b28 . fri homun cech báeguil, Fél. Ep. 202. ro scrutai in ben . . ./ . . ./ forsin ṅgilla ṅglan . . ./ cinnas doberad baegol, SR 3192. ro gab A. a mb.¤ inna cotlud took them unawares, LU 5642. arnachat fagthar i mb.¤ unguarded, 6156 (H). as báoghal do thoidheacht go hionadh comhloinn. . . ┐ tú gan chloidhem, TBC-LL¹ 2866 v.l. baegul . . . gona a chance of wounding, LL 32814 ( TTr. 2028 ). i mbōegul braith in danger of betrayal, KMMisc. 266 § 27. fogeba-sa . . . baegal Eachach anocht icon fleidh, ACL iii 324.11 . fuaradur baegal teined do chur ann, Acall. 2651. is baegul mor siut . . . .i. in codlud doniat na fir, Aen. 2068. a boegul loṅgphoirt in a surprise attack on a camp, Ann. Inisf. 1068.2 . tre nert sluaigh ┐ tre báeghal, RC xviii 12.8 (Tig.). ata baeghal áonmhná sunna agad opportunity, chance, BS 50.4 . is baoghul lem gan a rochtain slán I fear, RC xxix 120 § 20. baoghal dúinn ar ndíochaisge `my unruliness is my danger', Dán Dé xi 1 . i mbaoghal a n-uaille nó a n-aigeanta d'ardughadh, TSh. 152. is cuimhin gan bhaoghal without doubt, Oss. iii 290.2 . gúas, baoghal, cunntabhairt, Eg. Gl. 382. Prov. boegal . . . i n-ecmais omain a false sense of security (of Peter, Matthew xxvi 33 , 69 ff. ), PH 3010.

(b) Legal, making a mistake in judgement, etc., liability arising from error (or negligence ?), Celtica x 32 n. 45 , cf. ZCP xv 307 (Thurn.) ``bægal' bezeichnet in den Rechtstexten eben die Fehler, die ein sonst Rechtskundiger im Rechtsverfahren begeht'): baegul .i. beo-focul .i. cach brithemain a baegul, O'Dav. 301 = Laws iii 304.4 , ZCP xvii 46. inge tri baegail naigneda (sic) . . . .i. tri hernaile ima baeglaither in t-aigne, no in treidi is baegal dontí aiges in ae, Laws i 90.y ; 92.29 Comm. Cf. Ériu xii 12 § 14. atat . . . da mbaegul n-altrama: baegul donn athair . . . a mbaegul n-aill dond aiti two ways of defaulting in fosterage, ZCP xiii 20.32 , 21.1 . cach báith a baegal, xvii 52 § 32 (`to every fool his risk'). Cf. masa druth ac toirriachtadh ┐ druth ac bualad, conrannat baith baegal (i.e. the consequences of their infringement of the law), Laws iii 162.5 Comm. conrandait baoith baogal .i. is taithnemach roindait na baoith etorru iní ima ndentar in baogal, O'Curry 2331 ( Eg. 88, 25d ).

Attrib. g s. hazardous, unguarded: dat rála i mbeirn ṁbaegail, TBC-LL¹ 3449. uair bæguil an unguarded moment, 3829 . béim baegail, Acall. 6969. conair baegail do thocht ind, Aen. 2002. a shaoghail . . ./ó 'd-chím do dhoirse baoghail, DDána 4.1 .

? Predic. g s. baoghail do dhál, a dhomhain (: tsaoghail), DDána 53.4 .

Compds. a mbaegal-berna (sic leg.), Hy Fiach. 210.11 . ní briathar bhaeghalbhraith no treacherous word, Acall. 1412.

1 cenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cenn or dil.ie/8622
Last Revised: 2020

 

Forms: cend, ch., cenna, ciunn, cinn, cenda, cinnu, cind, cind, cinnu, cionn, ceann, cionn, cionn, ceinn

n o, n., later m. n p. cend, LU 9385 . ? a p. ch.¤ , Sg. 54a11 . n a p. usually cenna. On d s. ciunn, cinn see GOI 177 . For masc. infl. in pl. cf. a p. cenda, TBC-I¹ 483 = cinnu, LU 4970 . n p. cind, FA 22 LB. cind `chiefs', Laws v 440.23 . a p. cinnu, LL 8132 . In later lang. both cionn (O. Ir. ciunn) and ceann occur in d s. (see Donl., Párl. na mB.), the former mainly in fixed prepositional expressions (ós cionn , etc.). a s. cionn, Beatha S. F. 2567 . g s. ceinn, Párl. na mB. 535 , n p. Keat. i 196.15 . IGT Decl. § 65 .

Note also: for ar ceinn, Vita Br. 24 . in ch.¤ cleasach . . . Tesifóne, MR 168.6 . iar ndenamh creiche chinne maghair (n. loc.), AFM iv 1356.6 .

I The human head, head of an animal .

1 cend a uerbo graeco .i. gennome (γίνομαι) .i. nascor, O'Mulc. 217 . donchind gl. capiti, Gild. Lor. 102 . du-uic in foiltne i ndiad in chínn, Ml. 84c24 . mani roima fora c.¤ ní mema forsna bullu, 89c11 . beim a cinn fri cloich, 139c3 . ammi corp do Crist et is c.¤ som duunni, Wb. 5d2 . airmitiu féid in chinn, 7d14 . cen chaille fora ciunn, 11c9 . in boill dó ass ón chiunn, 22a17 . adart foch., Sg. 198a10 . dim chinn, Blathm. 95 § 17 . oc folcad chinn a athar, Vita Br. 15 . airecc cinn Iohannis, Fél. Feb. 27 . contt cēill ciunn curp in sense, reason, head and body , ZCP vi 258.10 . rochromsat a ccinnu, ZCP xiv 234.5 . imruidbed mo tenga as mo chind, Ériu ii 102 § 9 . madit a shuili inna cinn, 122 § 61 . amhuil chinn ina bhalluibh, Luc. Fid. 3454 . Of a head of hair: ceinn-fhionna (sic) do bhíodh ar fhearaibh Éireann re n-a linn `white heads', Keat. i 196.15 (see cenann).

2 In phrase with follg. gen. forming n. pr.: Coirpri Cind cait Cathead , Cóir Anm. 241 . C.¤ Fáelad Wolfhead , see Corp. Gen. 541 - 2 . Cend Ghegain, IT iii 101 § 183 . Finguine mac Laeghaire Cenngégain, Cog. 18 (see also s.v. cinnchucán). Eochaidh cendmhairc Horsehead , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 6.8 . da ingin dec ailella cind nathrach Snakehead , Rawl. 134b18 .

3 Of the head cut off in battle: fris-cithsead far cenna díb, BDD² 869 . tri laíchcind . . . im chend do chétmeic, LL 13149 (Sc.M2). co fargaibhset xl c.¤ lais, AFM i 498.2 . So in phr. ár c.¤ = ár: co fargaibset ár cend aicce, LL 2536 . cor' ben a ngabala dib ┐ ár cend leo, RC xvii 354.4 .

4 Attrib. g s.: na heónu / cosna ceólu cinn-sin (sic leg.) shrill notes, Metr. Dinds. iv 214.68 . Cf. gotha cinn . . . ag báinealtoin, Ir. Syll. Poetry 71 § 5 . See Études Celt. iv 397 . iter chosa cinn ┐ cos[a] tóna front legs , Thr. Ir. Gl. 26 . nocha bán-bhéim acht cneadh chinn head-wound, serious wound , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.9 . ? secht ccumala cinn, Ériu xiii 22.24 . gilla cinn eich gl. auriga, Ir. Gl. 17 . laicce chinn, RSClára 4a . go mbeith rith chinn ré fānaidh aco ar gach n-aon eile would completely outdistance, would utterly rout(?), Párl. na mB. 99 .

Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 , cites BDD² 886 and We. parallels in support of a meaning mouth.

5 In various idiomatic phrases: ro héige in ben nert a cind at the top of her voice, SR 3215 . conā fāgad inad a chind for bith that he might find no abiding-place, TBC-I¹ 2214 . o cionn co fonn from tip to toe, Blathm. 152 . nom-loiscc eter chend is choiss completely , Ériu vii 223 § 34 . dia cennaib ┐ cosaib utterly, entirely , LB 115b42 . bein cinn fri hald `striking a head against a cliff' (of wasted labour), RC xii 96 § 127 . co ro benad a tech dia chind `unroofed his house', RC xxiv 46 § 4 . roloiscedh . . . a ndúin . . . ina cendaibh, Ériu v 158.215 . a ndiaidh a gcinn headlong , Donlevy xviii 25 . an ceann fá dhruim head first (coffin lowered into grave), Dán Dé xxix 7 . co mbiat cend ar díb cendaib (of a fierce battle), TTr.² 907 . ar ba `c.¤ i mbolg' . . . do ṡil Adhuimh were in complete ignorance, Ériu ii 98 § 1 = ba-c.¤ a-coim, RC xxiv 369.6 , cf. Études Celt. vi 201 . cend i cotlud a peaceful death(?), Ériu ii 118 § 54 . ? ní bheinn teann ar chlíabh a cill / sní bhíadh mo cheann a cuigind, IGT Decl. ex. 1400 . c.¤ a ngabal `head in fork' (bad behaviour in a horse), Laws iii 180.18 Comm. c.¤ i láp see láp. c.¤ i, fo muine see 1 muine. ? fír, ol Óengus, Fergas cend fo raithin, Trip.² 1495 .

6 Of a single animal, etc.: do mac Loigsiu pa mōr ngō / ar in āincend an cēt mbō, ACL iii 2.12 . Note also: aon bhuaidhreadh amháin . . . an dara ceann, De Imit. 29.23 . ? robii cosnom im oenchend `there may be strife about one head' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1730 .

7 Various: ceann cait owl , Párl. na mB. 1452 . go dul tar ceannaibh cuan, Measgra D. 48.8 ` billow, breaker ', Gloss.

8 In various idioms with prec. vb.: ni mo tarrthus cend furre no forin gaeth `it was no more possible to get hold of her than of the wind', Aen. 649 . do-fócaib c.¤ appears see do-fócaib (D 269.36 ff.). ? immicurtis iarum cenna sechaiseom darsi ṅGairb sair ┐ siar eter Laigniu ┐ Ossairge, LL 36728 . tug a ch.¤ a n-inisle iomagallaimhe orra `entered into converse', ITS v 112.17 . no indsaiged in Troianda . . . congebead cend in Grecdai ┐ no indsaiged in Grecda . . . co ngebid cend in Tr. ┐ combdis cind ar cind, BB 435b22 .

9 Of buildings roof: ni rabi cenn for tempul Fidnacha in tan-sin, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . c.¤ co claradh oir for tor dibh, Marco P. 117 . c.¤ Frangcach `a ribbed vault, a groined roof ' (Meyer Contribb.), AU iii 161.8 . don chend luaidhe boí for tempall an bhaile, AFM vi 1956.16 . Note also: roclúdadh na lestra fóa ccennuibh covers, tops , Ériu xiii 24.22 .

II End, end-point, termination.

10 In concrete applications: c.¤ cridi gl. uiscus, uisceris, Sg. 111b5 . nóe cend nine tips(?), LU 9835 . achind dochnama, IT iii 103.19 . a-cinn a-cruibh, RC xxiv 377.1 , .3 . cennæ na ngái, Liad. and Cuir. 12.9 . ceand muilind `the head of a mill', Ériu xvii 70 § 12 gl. 3 ( Laws iv 214.29 Comm. ). laim re ceand in droichid, Ériu xvii 72 § 13 gl. 10 . comrad chindcherchailli, TBC-LL¹ 3 . mó ná cliab co cendaib dés ` sheaves ', Metr. Dinds. iv 138.81 . do bhalad cinn én coinnle, RC xxiv 383.33 . dealg do chennaib óigsgech, IGT Decl. ex. 1082 . Metr. aisde cind tṡinte, IGT Metr. Faults §§ 48 , 49 . co casbairn chinn truim, Decl.ex. 623 (see cenntromm).

11 Of territories: a tá isin chionnsa thes (of a hill), SG 118.10 . isin c.¤ ba nesa dó don tír, AFM vi 2056.19 . i cind Maige Dála at the end of Magh Dala, Ériu i 132.74 . Of journeys: a gceann uidhe their objective, O'Hara 1241 . ceann bhar gcoimhleanga, DDána 74.56 . is iomdha slighe . . . / 's a ceann go magh nimh a-nonn, Dán Dé xxiii 4 .

12 Abstract applications: ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim let me not hold mine own bridle, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . sa chionn cunntuis in the account, Fl. Earls 90.13 . ní ricfa c.¤ scéoil úainne tar tech not a whisper of it will get out of this house, TTr.² 1796 . Of time: ar c.¤ fri c.¤ Enair `our end against the head of January' (i.e. 31 Dec. and 1 Jan.), Fél. Ep. 8 . c.¤ do shaoghail, BNnÉ 293 § 12 v.l. For sa cheann cháol etc. see cáel. do cheann don dáil `what you shall get in this affair', Content. xxvii 15 .

13 Of the end or completion of an affair, etc.: foruirmed c.¤ forsnaib cotarsnaib gl. aduersa nostra . . . constant inpleta, Ml. 74c20 . ni tucthar c.¤ essib gl. genelogís interminatís, Wb. 27d22 . oc tabairt chind for airimmeirt sluaigh ┐ shochaidhi, TTr.² 310 ( LL 400b10 ). cend ┐ forcenn air sin that's enough of that(?), Acall. 5361 . ní bia cend for th'ermitin `there shall be no limit to thy dignity', Celtica iv 16.180 .

III Of persons, chief, head person, leader.

14 Legal: nad cennaib coirib comallat, ZCP xiv 379 § 43 `cond . . . den voll Geschäftsfähigen. Die andern haben einen cond als c. `Haupt' über sich, der sie `unterstüzt', für sie in ihren Sachen spricht, etc. ', 380 . rí bunaid cach cinn, Críth G. 447 `caput, head of family, individual', Vocab. fortét cech c.¤ ba tressa(i) inní bes étressa, 474 . c.¤ caich iar nduinib i fine besid sruithe, ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ( Laws ii 278.21 ). cend cartus a memar a chief who rejects his tenant, Laws v 164.19 Comm. dlegaid cind cuindreach `the chiefs are bound to rectify', 440.23 . cach cind (sic MS) a chonrach, ACL iii 227.31 .

15 In non-legal contexts: cend do ḟeraib Herenn Patraic, Thes. ii 326.32 (Hy. iv gl.). for bélaib a cind ┐ a tigernad, Alex. 274 . M. . . . fa chend ar clēirchib, ZCP viii 120.5 . na cinn clāena cin crābud `the wicked, impious chiefs', Ériu iii 30 § 8 . a cheann féin `his Master', PBocht 11.20 .

16 With follg. noun in gen. indicating category of persons: c.¤ bocht almoner (?), AU ii 32.4 . c.¤ cáid caillech n-Érenn, Fél. Feb. 1 . cend degban is deorad, SG 64.35 . c.¤ fedna see fedan. c.¤ fine head of family or clan: lochdach an Róisdeach achd ón chionn fhine, IGT Decl. 7.14 . da ch.¤ fhine ina ionad, AFM iv 1146.16 . i ndioghail a ccind ḟine, iii 404.z . i ndegaid in chinn manach the abbot, Ériu iii 100 § 25c . c.¤ in réclessa, Ríocht na Midhe viii 15 . c.¤ sluag fer Fáil, Trip.² 1793 v.l. Cf. also: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753 .

17 With follg. gen. of abstr.: c.¤ athchomairc see athchomarc. ar gceann bāidhei-ne an bhean our chief love (of Mary), Dán Dé ii 29 . cend cathaigthe as chalma ro bai do Leith Mogha battle-leader , RC xviii 11.24 . a Chind, coisc na crích (a chind coisc ?), Ériu vii 221 § 22 . c.¤ comairle cuindrig muintire fri comairle comneirt, ‘a “head of counsel” who controls the household with advice of equal strength’, CL 240.3 . nach ben forsa-mbe c.¤ comuirle, ZCP xiv 375 § 38 . cenn comuirle ┐ adchomairc fer mBregh n-uile, 'chief counsellor and consultant of the men of all Brega', AU² 374.6 . in fer ba húasle ┐ ba mó rath issin túaith iss e ba cend comairle do chách, LL 118 . co tech ar cind comairle, ‘to our counsellor’s house’, Éigse vii 77 §11 . cend crabaid ermoir Erenn paragon of piety, RC xxvi 362.2 . gan chend cundraid na comairle rempo, LL 12344 (TBC). uair robesin cend gaili . . . sluaig, Cog. 194. 29 . c.¤ ecna . . . iartair domain, CS 320.9 . c.¤ cech erais, Fél. Apr. 23 . in bandea ingen Terrae cend scaílti scél in betha chief disseminator of news, LL 31001 (TTr.). a chend sochair slúaig Ulad chief benefactor, MU² 58 . In follg. perh. headquarters, centre : uail (= bhail) itā ceand in cogaidh, ZCP viii 115.18 . baili i mbai cend ídlachta ┐ druídechta na Héirenn, Trip.² 431 . flaitheas Dé is ceann chomhsanta dhúinne, Eochairsg. 98.25 ( end, goal ?).

IV Used in a wide variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

18 cinn at the end of (see 33, 40, 52) (ciunn, cinn, dative without preposition, GOI 537 ): cinn rehe gl. secundum hoc tempus, Wb. 4c11 . cinn blíadnae at the end of a year, Fél. Sept. 17 . cind .ix. mís, LU 1662 . cind in tres laí, 7977 (BDD). cind cethri ndíni `at the end of four genera- tions', Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 1 . cind mile bliadan, Ériu ii 132 § 109 .

19 In phr. cinn chomair: nó huachiunn chomair gl. e rigione `or, from before', Ml. 119a9 (`von dem Anfang der Richtung', Ped. KZ xxxv 435 ). fri re mis cind comar, AU ii 88.x . Usually of place (see 28, 31): cinn chomair gl. contra (solem), BCr. 33c17 . for in phurt cind chomair dó `opposite to him', RC xiv 406.1 ( LL 12675 ). cind comair frissin ṁbeist n-amnais, LL 398b18 = cinnchomair, TTr.² 148 . i cinncomair friu opposite them, CCath. 5561 . ro badhusa cind comraic riusom, Acall. 6795 . Cf. i comair chind airtherthuascertaig, LL 3865 = hi comardus cind, etc., RC xv 283 § 29 .

Usually with prec. prep. In the follg. sections the arrangement is according to the preceding preposition, with which an adverbial in addition to a prepositional phrase is frequently formed. In a number of cases meanings under various prepositions coincide.

With A.

20 In sense of ós ciunn (60): asa chind guarding him, Metr. Dinds. iv 358.94 . ata M. . . . asa mo chind-sa oc fúr m'anma, PH 806 . batar a cind na cathrach who were over the city, 2488 . In diff. sense: as a cheann féin `of his own Head' (of his own accord), Donlevy 330.16 . The follg. are obscure (leg. ar for as in one or more of the exx. ?): cen ascur sáitha asa chiunn `without remission of tribulation from His presence(?)' (in store for him ?), Wb. 25d16 . conid ari rogabad al-lam a pardus dochum gortæ ┐ bochtæ . . . ┐ bais ┐ hifirn asa cind `thenceforth', Ériu vii 164 § 8 . ? gidh bé do cuir asa chionn `it matters not whom he drove from his head' (Notes), Duan. F. i 32.20 . Perh. in literal sense: in t-ēolus-[s]a rádi rimm, / ferr duit nā cloisti as do chínn, ZCP xiii 3 § 2 .

With AR (see also 42).

21 ar chenn with vbs. of motion towards, in the direction of, to meet (see 39, 45): ceni esǽrsitis in choirp ara c.¤ `to meet them', Ml. 15c8 . condaáerset do failti ar ch.¤ a rríg to welcome their King, 46a12 . ara cénn gl. occurrentes, 60d5 . do-luid in biail arithissi ar ch.¤ inna samthige came back to the handle, Tur. 131 . techt ar ch.¤ Crist, Wb. 25d25 . co toracht Emain Macha ar cend Conchobair, LU 8073 ( FB 4 ). ní-s-cuirfind techta ar dho chend-sa, PH 450 . canat biet in alltair / ar ch.¤ clocáin don phroindtig at the sound of the refectory bell, Ériu iii 102 § 28 . gearr go dtiocfa teachtaire / . . . / ar do cheann, DDána 56.1 . docuaidh . . . arcinn na conuire a ticcidh aran sliabh `went to the road', ZCP vi 56.8 . Cf. airg ┐ áird-leasdair . . . do chomdhlúthúghadh ar cheann na céd aimsire do thairrngir D. . . . dhóib `against', ML 6.25 .

22 Of going to meet in battle: ara chend dait a Fergus, LU 6698 . rotbīa F. . . . ar ndul ar c[h]end ind ḟir ucut, TBC-I¹ 1247 (LU).

23 In sense of going or coming for, to fetch someth.: is ar ch.¤ focheda dodechommar `to meet suffering', Wb. 25a12 . tecat ar ch.¤ in chon co sochruid to fetch the hound, Sc.M² 4 . dula uaimm ar do chend-su to fetch you, PH 446 . teacht ar ceand cind duine isinn ārmuig, RC xxiv 58 § 18 . in lind ara tánac c.¤ the water for which thou camest, Ériu iv 106.7 . ? ochd bhféinnidhe as ḟearr a n-ágh / ar ceann t'éindighi d'fúarán, IGT Decl. ex. 1333 . socraiti do dol . . . ar cend artraige dochum Domnaill, Ann. Conn. 1248.5 . Note also: do lleblaing int écne ara chend (ref. to ordnasc f.), TBFr. 208 , cf. Meyer Contribb., Fraech p. 35 .

24 In meanings of tar c.¤ (66-70) (confusion of prepp.): cuirtha cumtaige ara cend `buildings were overthrown', KMMisc. 152.62 . ar cinn a chesta ┐ a caingne, Anecd. i 42.9 . tagra . . . do thagras ar cheann Mumhan on behalf of, Content. xviii 12 .

25 ar chiunn of time in the future, afterwards, later : frisnaccai archiunn gl. ad aliquam rem, Ml. 53b23 . artha ciúnn són gl. in posteram, 132a3 (see note). ar chinn gl. adhuc, Wb. 2a9 . archiunn . . . diéis gl. siue ante seu retro, BCr. 31b4 - 5 . ar oman imtormaich ina pecad ar chiund future sins, Ériu xix 58 § 6 . in maith iar cind future good, LU 9889 (for ar ch.¤ ?). rogabsat flaith ar chiund from then on, ZCP viii 313.21 . doairchaintis . . . anno bíth ar chind dóib, Trip.² 327 . ? mod airchiund di lubair a disposition ready for work(?), Rawl. B 512, 40c (Plummer MS. notes).

26 ar chiunn as quasi-adj. of points of time next, following, ensuing (in later lang. somet. with (i)ar in this use): san aidhchi ar chínd, BB 39b6 . co belltaine ar cind, BColm. 92.2 . an bliadhain ar ccionn, Leb. Gab.(i) 56.4 . isin laithe ar ccind, 146.2 . In later lang. also as prep. with poss. in this sense: go medhōn oidhche buī ar a gcionn, Fl. Earls 8.20 . go Bealltaine ar a gcionn till the following May, Keat. ii 3137 . See 38 .

27 ar chiunn in textual reff. below, in what follows; later, following : forsin canoin ar chiunn `on the following Scripture passage', Ml. 54c34 . trachtad . . . forsa nouit ar chiunn `on nouit that follows', 64a7 . in testimin ar chiunn `the following text', 104b3 . titul in dligid ar chinn, Wb. 10a12 . ata ní ar chiunn, Sg. 39b10 .

28 ar chiunn in front of, before (see 19): córus dúne ríg . . . ar chi[u]nn a thúaithe, Críth G. 566 `vis-à-vis', Vocab. bui siom oc huamim ara cind `before her', Mon. Tall. 149.18 . co nacca ara chind in fer, TBC-I¹ 448 . Cf. muir ara cendaib, in nem huasa ṁbennaib, 3006 . amail nobeith beo ar a chind as if he were alive in front of him, ACL iii 5.5 .

29 ar chiunn awaiting, ready for, in anticipation of (someone or someth. arriving): biid ersoilcthi ar chiunn for ríg gl. eliuamini, portae aeternales, Ml. 46a7 . ni farnic-sede nach maid ara chiun isin domun, Wb. 2a21 . ar ar ciunn-[n]i `against our coming', 25a33 . anais ar cionn antsluaigh `waited for', Blathm. 102 § 41 . co fuaratar a cele isind apdaine ara cind `on their arrival', Mon. Tall. 162.30 . aínínbuidh na fuair acht triur ar a chinn thall isin fíne (of a man who has joined or rejoined the tribe from outside), Laws iv 294.26 Comm. ar cinn ṡamraid at the arrival of summer, ZCP vii 310 § 8 . dá rabh a Rí na glóire / . . . / do mhaor ar chionn na coinnmhe / liom if Thy steward receive the company, Dán Dé xiv 11 . ar cinn chamhárach before daybreak, IGT Decl. ex. 1195 . ar cinn in lae, Fier. 135 . With petrified masc. poss.: arna beith ar a chind `in her way', RC xi 452.2 , cf. Meyer Contribb.

30 ar chiunn of time in store for (see 51): a fil ar mo chiunn gl. ad destinatum, Wb. 24a15 . cén bes fine ar a cinn as long as he has descendants, Laws iv 240.19 Comm. a n-airchend fil ar ar cinn the destiny which awaits us, Ériu i 68.12 . fuair Poimp bas ┐ fuair cidh Cesair ara cind afterwards, CCath. 8308 .

31 ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn face to face, at grips (see 19, 54): atraig cach fer di alailiu . . . co m-bátar cind ar chind is taig, IT i 67 (LMU). fíal tened ┐ fíal d'aigriud . . . cind ar cind, LU 2067 ( FA 14 , cf. RC xxvi 148 § 27 ). inn-uair dobímmis cind ar chind, RC vii 302.1 . as and baoi Laogh ┐ a brathoir ciond ar ciond, ZCP x 295.27 . cind ar cind fri Dunchad, Ériu v 242.153 .

With co.

32 co c.¤ to the end, to completion (see 43): berthi leiss co c.¤ gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ní dernad in cnocc co c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 44.79 . is co cend in cuidbiud the mockery has come to a head, Ériu i 118 § 10 . Cheville: céim co cend, Metr. Dinds. iv 26.9 .

33 co c.¤ with nouns indicating periods of time till the end of, for the duration of (see 18, 40, 52): co c.¤ blīadne, Thes. ii 319 ( Hy. ii 56 ). co c.¤ cairdi, Críth G. 366 . co cend trédenuis, PH 1859 . go ceann cóig n-aimsear, DDána 6.9 . go ceatra ceand[a] raithi `for four quarter-years', Magauran 804 . Note also: in fer co cind a chéli, MU² 991 `against', Gloss.

With DI and/or DO.

34 di chennaib of poetical composition appar. extemporaneously (see however Thurn. cited below and compare aisnēis do c[h]ennaib a chnāmae, Corm. Y 756 , which may point to a ritualistic procedure of some kind): canad do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 17.5 . ailges do ceanduibh, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a). dligedh do feghar saor daor do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 25.30 = fedhair .i. dorenar, ut est dliged dofedhar sóer, dóer dochennaib .i. continuo , O'Dav. 828 . do . . . suid filed for-can di c[h]ennaib `von (seinen Knochen-) Enden', ZCP xvi 175 § 4 ( Laws i 40 , co ndenand rand can smuainedh, 42 Comm. ). is dochennaib . . . ro trial Dallán a duain do denum `extempore', RC xx 122.z (ACC). Also in phr. díchetal di chennaib, see díchetal. cetal do chendaib (a metre), IT iii 61 § 123 . See Ériu xlviii 45 .

35 intan tét a laithe di chiunn `passes away', Ml. 21c3 .

36 di and/or do chiunn in return for, for the sake of, instead of, on condition of, because of, for , etc. (see 68): do chinn a mbíd, SR 3406 . do c[h]inn loghaidh `in return for remission of tribute', Ériu xvii 22 § 16 . dúais do chionn chomáoine a quid pro quo , KMMisc. 346.28 . sgēl do chinn chummaéine, Anecd. i 36.3 . dia chind an tsréin in return for the bridle, BColm. 38 § 40 . nech . . . do cathugud di chend Crist for, PH 789 . do tairgeadh bó aile dí da cind, Imr. Brain 58.30 . berair-siu mac díachinn in its place, Cóir Anm. 133 . do chinn mo claidhem fen instead of my own sword, Fier. 60 . ragtais dia chind i comrac on his behalf, Metr. Dinds. iii 446.88 . do chionn a seachna `on condition of' (notes), Dán Dé x 12 . ró-mhór fuaramar d'a chionn too much we have got from it, Ériu i 96 § 52 . do chionn ubhaill, DDána 26.6 . do chionn an tshaoghail do thréigean through abandoning, Beatha S. F. 748 . dá chionn on that account, TSh. 1942 . do cind ced cennaighechta do denum in order to get leave, ZCP vi 90.15 . ar ngellad a marbtha d'Ulliam Burc do chind luaigi in consideration of, Ann. Conn. 1310.5 .

37 Of soliciting or having intercourse with a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband, etc. (see 70): comrac frim dot chind-so, Fing. R. 114 `in disregard of', Vocab. ben-side Ch. . . . co rustoirrchestar E. do chind a cēile, Corp. Gen. 139.x . a breth di-a chind (another man's wife), PH 833 . luid . . . F. . . . do thochmarc a mnā do chind Oilella, Fianaig. 6.16 . docomraiced-som fria mnaib aili dia cind si in disregard of her, ZCP i 104.10 .

38 Various: cia ruslā dia c[h]ind . . . T. . . . is he rosla(n) dar a chend, ZCP xiii 7.24 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn(?), LU 6699 ( TBC-I¹ 2158 ). ar chuir dá ceann all he added to it(?) (cf. 48), DDána 91.14 . ó Inid go Cáisg dá gcionn till the following Easter (see 26), Aithd. D. 75.18 . ? nior cuir dha chionn do bhí ag Fionn, Duan. F. i 32.20 .

With FO.

39 fo ch.¤ towards, against, for (see 21, 45): teacht fam cheann `(to) attack me', Content. xviii 1 . éirghid fo cend mo c[h]reiche they go for my booty, ZCP viii 226.22 . Note also: gabh fád cheann mo chonmharccsa `take upon thee my quarrel(?)', Studies 1924, 243 § 12 .

40 Of time within, during (see 18, 33, 52): fo ch.¤ aimsire giorra at the end of a short time, Ériu v 188.456 . fo c.¤ begain aimsiri, Stair Erc. 258 . fo chionn dā lō go n-oidhche, Fl. Earls 10.16 .

41 fo ch.¤ (less freq. chiunn) about, concerning, with regard to, for the sake of, etc. (see 59): ? craed aderum focheann, YBL 149a4 . fuaire a chách a-taoi fám chionn towards me, Dánta Gr. 86.8 . fa a gcionn because of them, DDána 25a1 . déna . . . fá ch.¤ oirbire t'filedh `to thy poet's objurgation make concession', O'Gr. Cat. 402.20 . mar go bhfuair duadh ┐ doghruing fá a ceann `on her account', Keat. ii 2342 . ? alaind a dath / fa ceand na cuach, IGT Metr. Faults§ 68 .

With FOR.

42 for c.¤ , ciunn. Usually = ar ch.¤ , chiunn (21 ff.): an do lotar for cend conaire, Vita Br. 40 `as they were proceeding on their way', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 132 . dochuaid fóncaillid forcend chonnaid for firewood, RC ii 396 § 33 . ro-fhóidestar P. . . . gilla turusa for cend Ísu, PH 2602 . for bar cind, LU 8388 ( FB 26 ). doluid D. for cuinn (leg. ciunn) a sethar do ḟailte frie, Rawl. 134b1 . co tarrla in muir ina clár comréidh . . . for cinn in catha, CCath. 1927 . for a g-ceann awaiting them, ML 44.22 . gusin dia dardaoin buī dō for cionn `until the Thursday following', Fl. Earls 258.4 . Perh. for orig. tar c.¤ (68 ff.) in: du gabail rigi for ch.¤ á athar `in his father's stead', Ml. 44d29 . cach adaltrach do-t[h]et for ceand cetmuintire, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 (`in spite of', note p. 50) ( Laws ii 384.1 ). do accallaim Grigair for cend uird ┐ riagla, LU 3095 (fo ch.¤ ?).

With I.

43 beirid, do-beir i cinn finishes, completes (see 32): doberar opair i cind and sain, LL 32264 ( TTr. 1452 ). maine berthar i cinn, 400b18 . ? focal nāchar thuill a gciond (: rinn), ZCP viii 223.x .

44 do-tuit etc. ina ch.¤ falls down, topples (see 67): a toitim ina chend dorisi, TTebe 1669 . ag tuitim ina ccenduibh do bhedis colamhuin . . . na cathrach, Ériu iv 56.18 .

45 i c.¤ in contexts implying motion (us. with prec. vb.) to, in the direction of, towards, against (see 21, 39): na torcair nemh inna ccent `on them', Blathm. 68 . lotir remib hi cend in Brogo, LU 10575 . co torracht C. i c.¤ in droichit cucu, CCath. 1283 . ben sund i cend for máthar, Metr. Dinds. iii 6.55 . dorat . . . / Conall i cend Chonculaind matched C. against C., Metr. Dinds. iii 446.96 . ro cuired cach i ceann araili dona Romanchaib, CCath. 3159 . an uair chuirid i n-a chionn when they oppose him, DDána 96.33 . connsuine . . . do rachadh na cheann, mur atá so: slat ┐ dearg, slaitearg sin which would be assimilated to it, IGT Introd. 10.2 . do tuit an torc a cend a choss fell forward, BCC 324.30 .

46 i c.¤ with prec. vb. of motion and follg. Vn. etc. in g s. implying beginning or undertaking of an action: o dochotar . . . i c.¤ taispenta ind immuin do G., Lib. Hymn. 63.40 . do chuadar i cend a retha took to their heels, MR 318.4 . notheiged-som ┐ a gilla a cend bleogain na bo, Ériu v 34.22 . ná ragaind i ceand catha ina agaid, FDG² 465 . dochuaid i cend in sceoil (d'innisin, v.l.) `she went ahead with the tale', TTebe 1833 . T. . . . do dol a c.¤ oilithri, Ann. Conn. 1307.18 . lotar . . . i cend séta, TBC-LL¹ 451 . Note also: ra érig in fili ┐ do chúaid i n-a cend ┐ issed ro ráid, LL 39018 ( SG 385.34 `went to work'; `came to them', Stokes, RC xiii 107 ).

47 i c.¤, ciunn in addition to (see 63): foghellta ┐ bleth do dul ina ceand `shall be added', Laws iv 130.27 Comm. Matha a cind Crist ro scrib a shoscéla together with, LB 153a64 . ag flaith Li do chím 'na cheann / ní do gach tír 'na thimcheall also, Ériu v 64.15 . a cc.¤ gach sgéil eile dar innis doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 196.32 . a c.¤ a roibhi aigi, ZCP vi 51.10 . na c.¤ sin in addition, Maund. 15 . hi cc.¤ a chéle together, Hugh Roe² 40.13 .

48 cuirid i c.¤ adds to (see 38): cindus do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, PH 7730 . cuir 'na ceand, O'Gr. Cat. 311.9 . teine do cur a ceann teineadh making bad worse, 23 P 10 ³, 15a30 . Note also: ni fuair Fergus ríam ni do cuirfe a cend Modha do marbadh do Dubthach `anything to compare with the slaughter of M. by D.', Celt. Rev. ii 116.x .

49 i c.¤ in preference to: am cheann do chomóradh 'was given preferential treatment over me', Ériu lxiv 162 § 1.7​​​ . S. . . . do chor i tticcernus . . . hi ccend Ch., AFM iii 360.16 . taisech do denam doib do mac M. . . . ina c.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1262.9 .

50 i ciunn at the head of for purpose of leading: m'anam-sa a Dhé mar budh dall / sé 's an chalann-sa 'n-a cionn, Dán Dé xxiii 13 . bi 'n-a cinn = ducas eum, Smaointe B. Chr. 1050 .

51 i ciunn in store for, destined (see 30): a-tá lá cúirte 'n-ar gcionn, DDána 23.29 . a uilc i gcionn gach chiontaigh his wrongdoings await every sinner (for punishment), Dán Dé vii 15 . i gc.¤ gach baíth a baegul, MR 286.21 . go bhfuil an bás . . . i gcionn gach aoin, TSh. 99 .

52 i ciunn of time at the end of (see 18, 33, 40): a cínd da bliadna onaímsir-si two years ago, RC x 186.1 . hi cind tredenais, ACL iii 309.10 . a cc.¤ a fhichet bliadhna da aois in the twentieth year of his age, Rel. Celt. ii 196.7 . a ccionn trí lá, Desid. 6345 .

53 Various: i mbun na gabla ro boí hi ciund tened over against, LU 9194 ( FB 92 ). a cheann i cind tened, ZCP i 464.33 . gach aon a gceann a dhíre ┐ a dhúthchasa féin in possession of, ML 102.14 . mac S. a cind arrad at the head of nobles, Ériu v 244.194 . in cís d'ícc a cind chruid, LB 133b56 `in respect of', Todd Lect. vi 40.6 .

c.¤ i c.¤ (ceann a cceann is an exception to the rule that the same word may not be used more than once in a line, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.36 ). ? ceann a ceann, .c. o an doilgheas, 55.24 . Also cionn a ccionn (: fionn), 25.1 .

54 c.¤ i c.¤ = ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn (31): misi do cur c.¤ i cc.¤ / as Cuchulainn, TBC-LL¹ 3151 . cuirid c.¤ hi c.¤ , Fianaig. 60.27 . is and sin . . . do rancadar Leth Cuind ┐ Laigin ceand i cend, RC xxiv 50 § 10 . go g-cómhraiceam ceann a g-ceann, ML 82.25 .

55 c.¤ i c.¤ together; simultaneously : Conchabor, Aedh cend a cend `head to head' (of kings buried together), Ériu ii 166.47 . cia leitir sin c.¤ a c.¤ / dognīad lethfod is lethtenn, ZCP xii 295.8 . nocor thathaigh ceann i c.¤ / na cuic cuicidh na hEirenn, xi 43 § 31 . cred dorad tu c.¤ a c.¤ / a comhaitreab na catcend?, KMMisc. 315.16 . trí Cormaic theas ceann i gceann / im an seang, DDána 91.33 . do dortsed fair cend i cend (of attackers), Ann. Conn. 1405.15 .

56 c.¤ i c.¤ successively (see Aithd. D. Vocab.): gan a ccloistecht cend i ccend / gabhāla airdrīogh [n]Ērenn, ZCP viii 218.30 . fiss gach catha c.¤ a ceand, Anecd. i 29 § 35 . rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann / is inghean airdrīgh Éireand point by point, KMMisc. 356.7 .

With IMM.

57 is fachain dá gcar um cheann to make them change their attitude(?), DDána 67.4 . (taken by Ed. as i and mo).

58 imm ch.¤ about, around : tarrassaid inn irgal im chend Connacht, LL 12308 (TBC). doiri crannrabhan mad cheann round thee, Magauran 436 . ní ráidhte um cheann gcomhóla during a drinking-bout, O'Hara 146 . radharc um cheann a calaidh `the sight of its shores' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 52.35 .

59 imm ch.¤ about, concerning, with regard to (see 41): rola B. . . . / ilach im cheand Feargaile (perh. in semi-literal sense), RC xxiv 54 § 14 . imcheand cach formaid bai etarru `for all the ill-feeling', Ériu ii 178.16 . an-scél . . . im-c.¤ deilbe . . . in-domain, RC xxiv 369.5 . t'fhearg . . . um cheann do chloinne, DDána 10.22 . um cheann craos-óil in the matter of, TSh. 7446 .

With ós (see 20).

60 ós chiunn (on as cionn beside ós chionn see Desid. p. xxxv ). In more or less literal sense: in tituil robói huas ciunn Crist isin chroich over Christ's head, Ml. 74b1 . ōs chinn sanct-Brigte, Thes. ii 329.2 ( Hy. v 15 ). Over, above: baí . . . ben . . . oc airiuc dont ṡluág os a cind, LL 259b15 . Cuncha cnoc os cind Life, ZCP xi 41 § 1 . nochtais . . . in claidheab os cind na hingeine, RC vi 175.30 . ós chionn mo leabhráin studying, Content. ii 14 . ōs a ch.¤ , Fl. Earls 66.15 .

61 With prec. vb. of motion: tānic . . . ōs ceann N. made for, Celtica i 116.118 . téighim ós chionn a chosnaimh I undertake to defend it, Content. xxi 12 .

62 in control of, in charge of: os chionn Bhanbha, Content. xxx 26 . sdiobhard ós ceann mhórāin maoine, Mac Aingil 568 . ōs cionn in cholāiste, Fl. Earls 68.25 .

63 over and above, in addition to (see 47): ós c.¤ fhichit each, AFM iv 1134.28 . faoi nó ós a chionn `or thereabouts', Corp. Astron. 4.12 . ōs a ch.¤ sin `besides', Fl. Earls 90.15 .

64 Note also: bun ós cionn `upside down', Psalms cxlvi 9 . más bun os cionn atá sé `if he haue any auersion', RSClára 155a . For fuller treatment see 1 bun.

65 With ré: ria cind tri trath in three days, RC xvii 386.2 .

With TAR (see also 24, 42).

66 fo-ceird etc. tar c.¤ (somet. with possess. before c.¤ ) overthrows, upsets, turns upside down : in cor tar c.¤ gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . gl. euertando, 72b12 . tochur tar c.¤ , Críth G. 233 . ro lá in slúag . . . tara cend, LU 9760 . fochichret in Trói dar cend, TTr.² 389 . ro-chuir cend dar cend . . . miassa na monotóri, PH 4392 . is e ro-lá dar cend ar forcetul-ne subverted, 1686 . See fo-ceird. Cf. dos-curedar tara cend 'she collapses', CMMucr. 50 § 43 .

67 With do-tuit (see 44): co torchratar . . . dara c.¤ hi suan, ZCP iii 6 § 20 .

68 tar c.¤ on behalf of, for the sake of, in return for, in lieu of, because of, for, etc. (see 36): dufiastar tara c.¤-som `punishment will be inflicted for them', Ml. 27c4 . deich tarm ch.¤ `take vengeance for me', 72d11 . no oircthe . . . tar c.¤ a p[ecthae] ind aile `for its sins', Tur. 110c . taiccéra cách dará chen fessin gl. pro sé, Wb. 6b28 . oc irbáig dar far c.¤-si gl. de uobis, 16d8 . ? mo ort do gabál darm ch.¤ `that my rank should be taken for me', 23b18 . a setig . . . do pennait tar a cend fadesin ┐ dara cendsom on her own behalf and his, Mon. Tall. 163.18 . dar cend na cāna in return for, Cáin Ad. 25 . ciata glinni con-daigi dar cend frithaisceda?, MU² 65 . do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach a hArdmacha dar cend in cuilmin, ACL iii 5.31 . na feicheamna dara tecait cend, Laws iv 60.18 Comm. tarc.¤ gabhála aigi ┐ tacra tar a ch.¤ pleading in his behalf, CCath. 535 . díol tar ceann a chomaoineadh, Content. ix 25 . tar ceann do chloinne, Dán Dé xxviii 29 .

69 in spite of, in violation of; notwithstanding : ba holc lais dith Fergail darceand a shida, RC xxiv 64 § 25 . tar c.¤ Conoill, Duan. F. i 84.8 . tar a cheann sin nevertheless , Desid. 3220 .

70 Of begetting offspring by a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband (see 37): trī meic Medba fri Fergus dar c.¤ nAilella, Corp. Gen. 279.1933 . mac ruc don Dagda . . . / dar cend ḟir na síde, Metr. Dinds. iii 30.75 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria dar c.¤ Cathbaid, RC vi 175.51 .

71 As conj. tar c.¤ go notwithstanding the fact that, although : tar ceann go n-abair an Chóir Anmann gur . . . ní mheasaim gurab . . . , Keat. ii 2344 . tar cheann go n-anann tú feadh do bheathadh san olc, Mac Aingil 1040 . tar ceann gur shaoil . . . notwithstanding the fact that, TSh. 541 . tar cheann go bhfuil mórán etc. even though there are . . . , Párl. na mB. 461 .

Compds. (general composition-form in early lang. cenn-. Later also cinn- and ceinn- before palatals).

With nouns.

72 In dvandva-compds. (see Wortk. 130 ): bidh suī lēigind co cendanim head and soul, ACL iii 231.22 . cend-chossach head and feet (of cooked animal), Ériu iv 124 § 2 .

73 With c.¤ qualifying second member: cu nach fácbadh claidem ar cennadairt, Acall. 1632 = SG 129. 29 `pillow' ( -adart, BLism. 212 rb13) . Fig. cennadart fona fertaib inso, Thes. ii 332.27 ( Hy. v 23 gl .). Of a person: O'M. a cceann adhart, Top. Poems 58.18 . oenball dia curp nó da cendagaid `countenance', CCath. 4700 . gráin catha ar mo cheannaghaidh (sic leg.), Content. xxiii 15 . tria cendairde no tria cendísli doníther in taidbhriudh anuasan, O'D. 908 (H. 3.17, 649) = O'Curry 2164 ( Eg. 88, 4(5)d ) (see O'Gr. Cat. 139 ). cennait muilind `the head (site) of a mill', Ériu xvii 76.10 . cennáit `head residence', AFM v 2082.2 . ? Cf. an chríoch nó an cionnaidh is dúthaigh dhó, TSh. 1775 (chianáit, v.l., Gloss.). ar Chrīst ar cennabaid chief lord, ZCP viii 214.6 . do ghabh clogat . . . fa n-a cheann-bhaithios `head', MR xiv 21 . ¤barr see cen(n)barr. ¤bécc see cennbécc. ¤bert see ceinnbeirt. cennbhile oir na n-ardriog (a prince), LL 394.8 . bheith dheit ad chinnbhile ós coill, O'Gr. Cat. 381.22 . súdh ceannbhracha `malt liquor', O'Hara 4076 . in Cennc[h]at[h]ach ina laimh .i. a bachall, Lism. L. 3103 . ¤chléithe = cenn: scothais a chenn clēithi de, ZCP viii 117 § 12 . ní chuirthear ceannchnaipe óir ar phaidrín mhaide, Mac Aingil 1041 `Pater Noster bead(?)', Gloss. lom[r]aid a cendchongraim din mnái headdress, Hib. Min. 77.9 . ceann cosnamach comegin C. `violent groans', MR 260.6 (leg. ¤osnadach ?). for cenn-cumhdach a choroine ` head-covering ', Misc. Hag. Hib. 43 § 62 . capitolauium .i. cenddīunach, Corm. Y 296 . cend-drong filed fó fírda, Metr. Dinds. i 36.93 . inceindetan gl. gigram, Gild. Lor. 82 . donchendfiacail gl. capitali, 134 . ¤ḟochrus see cennḟochrus. cenngalor (in marg. dolor capitis), Wb. 17b25 . Vita Br. 28 . dia ro h-icad don cheann-galar, YBL 174b23 . ? ni tormaig ni fora notrus . . . a cendgelt, Ériu xii 40 § 51 ; 'tonsure' ZCP xlii 48 . caeca echlosc orda co cendimlaib airgid, IT ii2 191.14 (cennpairtib, v.l.) `end knobs'? Plummer MS notes. ¤ísle see cendairde. ¤lá see cennlá. ¤liter capital letter. Usually metaph. of persons and things: cinn-litre ceall `the capitals of the churches', Content. xv 30 , cf. xviii 73 . dún iona cáir cinnlitre, Ériu v 60.4 . ceinnlitir siodha ┐ coccaidh `arbiter', AFM iv 976.3 . snímcha cendmaisse `head- dress', Tec. Corm. xvi 84 . cendmaisse laime glove, Acall. 5971 v.l. ¤míl name of an ornament: coíca acrann . . . co cendmílaib, TBFr. 31 . fuath . . . [na] cendmila tucsat a coscar catha, Aen. 1563 . Of persons: Ísa Críst . . . in cennmíl cumdachta, ZCP viii 204.34 . ní ba cendmíl muinntiri / nech nach fulaing a hécnach, iv 468 § 17 . a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 . brat tlachtgorm corcarrda hi cennfait impe (i.e. thrown over her head?) (cennḟait, MS), TBC-I¹ 2791 . cendpaite imma cenna `fillets', RC ix 484 n.5 . cinnréallna `stars of first magnitude', Ó Bruad. iii 14.7 . cend-róit `highway', CRR 28 . (Auricula Muris) ceinn-sgethrach do ghenam dhe, ┐ glanaidh an inchinn o na salcar, 23 K 42, 367.5 (see sceithrech). fá cheannsmacht, Oss. iv 274.24 . ` paitric' cennsrián, Metr. Gl. 19 `headstall', Plummer MS notes. dotuit ar a cenntruime topheaviness, O'Dav. 200 . cenntruime .i. gin collad, O'Curry 2598 ( Eg. 88, 50(51)d ). cend-urra a slánaigthe `Captain', Heb. ii 10 .

With adjectives.

74 C. chendalaind, ZCP xi 41 § 5 . cendard cassetnach, IT iii 246.80 . dá ech . . . cendbeca, LU 9257 . na dá chendbricc 'the two piebald-headed ones' TBC-LL² 1086 . cnā ceand-buidhi, ZCP v 22 § 16 . tre cnoccuibh corra cenncæla, ZCP vi 290.22 . ic imbirt fidchilli .i. na Cendchaeme (as subst.), LL 8350 (TBC). ingena cendálli cendchassa curly-headed, 31382 (TTr.). do innsaighi cnuic cennchuirr, ZCP vi 60.12 . cendchrom torsech, LL 12064 (TBC). ¤étig freq. as n. pr., see Corp. Gen. etc. trian a scéith chendfhada comdhualaig, ZCP xiii 211.11 . ar coiciud cendḟind Connacht, LL 3224 . See cenann. cheillínill / ceandfolaim, IT iii 92 § 139 . an fer cendgarb, i 273.29 ( FB 40 Eg.). cairrge ceann-gharbha, ML 34.4 . cranngal cheinngér, IGT Decl. ex. 905 . Eoghan an airm cheannghlais, DDána 99.40 . ar taisbenad a craisigi cenn-guirme catha, MR 196.5 . ¤grúcánach see grúcánach. a muinter . . . cendísel Corccaige `hang-head', MacCongl. 29.22 . arocul becc . . . cendisel low-pitched, Todd Lect. vi 42.2 ( LB 134a35 ). laech caem cendlethan, LL 11824 (TBC). cofacca . . . in deilb . . . cennléith, Ériu iv 102.12 . ocbud . . . chendmas, Anecd. i 60.88 . a dhá chraoisigh ceann-reamhra, ML 112.21 . ar ná ba cennscoilte `lest you get your head broken', Tec. Corm. 38.26 . Cuirrín Cheannsholuis, ML 32.18 . dia sephaind céis cenntoll céol, ZCP iii 7.2 . ¤tromm see cenntromm.

Rarely with verbs:

75 ceannlasfaidh a cró coirrshleagh (of warriors), Aithd. D. 16.28 . gu cennlúbdais na clocha na caolsoighdi the stones turned the points of the arrows, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.6 .

Freq. as second element in compds.

76 See GOI 219 (nochtchenn, ardchenn). Freq. in this use in form -genn, see GOI 87 , O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 140 . See cloicenn, cromcenn, corrcenn, 1 dícenn, táilgenn, tollcend (1 toll). Note further: crothid conchend catha ceirp, LU 3629 ( SCC 31 , see note in SC2). teiti tair fo thalmain trell / i nEgiptacthaib láncend (the Nile), LL 16325 . m. Fiachach Uanchind, Corp. Gen. 88.7 . Baccan mac Brain meic Eircc hUbulchind, Rawl. 126b43 .

77 Very freq. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

colgdae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. colgdae or dil.ie/10498

 

adj io, iā (colg): carpat . . . cona creit . . . colcda, TBC-I¹ 2332 (`scythed', Faraday). Of swords, pointed(?): claidem . . . colgdha coilgdírech, CCath. 5242 . Of warriors, warlike, fierce(?): in ridiri colga, cetfadhach `brave', ZCP vi 104.8 . tais re a thiorthachaibh, colgdha re a chomharsain, AFM vi 2236.4 . Adv. co colga, cetfadach, ZCP vi 68.15 . do-chím co colgdha an cuire, Top. Poems² 457 .

cúl

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cúl or dil.ie/13749
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: chúiledh, caúlæ, caula, culad

n o, m. g p. chúiledh, Bard. P. 40.24 . for caúlæ , Mon. Tall. 151.17 . for caula , Ann. Conn. 1235.8 . ar culad , MR 264.z .

(a) back, rear; back of head, neck: cūl a collo , O'Mulc. 255 . o bun irlai co clais a chuil, LL 12968 . it é comlebra for c.¤ ┐ étan, BDD² 747 . tria ch.¤ a cind, TBC-LL¹ 1267 v.l. da nimpōind m'aiged i lleth atā mo chūl, TBC-I¹ 2580 . c.¤ a cinn `back of his head', Stair Erc. 587 . do iompoigh sé a ch.¤ d'imtheacht ó Sh., 1 Sam. x 9 . Also side, edge (?): ata cloch againne danad ainm iris ┐ .u. cula bis uirre, Celtica ii 125.147 . Of head of hair, hair on back of the neck: punnann chúil bhuidhe bhachlaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 583 . fine Chais na ccul ndruimneach, Manners and Customs iii 273 1. 20 of note. c.¤ mar ómra, Keat. Poems 197 . tighearna M. an chúil bhuidhe, O'Rah. 220.2 . In metonymy (pars pro toto): a ch.¤ na ród `o wavy-tressed Lord', Aithd. D. 70.21 . a fhir ṡochair ┐ a chul urbhaidhi, RC xliii 62.7 . Note also: céad cathbarr . . . / go g-c.¤ trom crest, ML 146.17 .

Appar. protection, keeping (if same word) in: indae do indell i cul [.i.] i comet . . . .i. aindil atai a cul a comet, Laws i 36.y—z . doberind culu (.i. comet) ar gart Find, LL 29424 (B. na filed). cul .i. coimed, Stowe Gl. 275 . cul coimhéd, Metr. Gl. Ff. 30 , 50 . D 45 . cul .i. comairce, O'Curry 2068 ( H 4.22, 67 ). mascul .i. mas fer, ┐ cul, comet, Auraic. 604 . ? C. ó nGuaire ní c.¤ creach, Magauran 173 (see n.).

Attrib. g s. annsin nincind chúil `in the posterior brain', O'Gr. Cat. 181.33 . a inchinn chúil, MR 282.6 . do thuit a cloch cúil d'Eirinn ` buttress-rock ', O'Gr. Cat. 400.3 . a gcloch chúil an gcéin do mhair, DDána 110.1 . a chré chúil supporting bank (of Mary), Aithd. D. 54.2 . an ccéibh ngobhlánuigh ccais ccúil, IGT Introd. § 81 .

In n. pr. Fotharta Fer Cūl, ZCP viii 301.23 .

(b) In phrases: c.¤ fri act of turning one's back on, renouncing; desisting from: c.¤ risin mbith, IGT Decl. ex. 617 . menma re cill / cūl re tuaith, ACL iii 306 § 9 . ní leam c.¤ red chíos-sa `I cannot rid me of my debt', Dán Dé xii 10 . In pn sobriquet C.¤ fri Héirinn (of Colm Cille), ZCP v 497 § 6 . Cf. isam [trú] gan ch.¤ re crudh `with no wealth to rely on (?)', Aithd. D. 62.6 . With vbs.: a ch.¤ do chur re peacadh to renounce sin, DDána 7.8 . iomdha bean . . . / . . . bhíos ag cor a gcúil re chéile, LBranach 5640 . cul do thochar friar naimdibh, Hugh Roe² 46.1 . dorat cul fri clotha who scorned fame (?), BB 299a24 . tuc cūl don loch, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1208 . cul do thabhairt don eagluis Romhanaigh, Luc. Fid. 2855 . ar dtabhairt cúil diath Fhionntoin, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 8 § 2 . ni thuccus c.¤ don oineach, BNnÉ 286.25 .

Very freq. with prec. FOR, IAR etc. as adv. phr. (for cúl, cúlu etc. back, backwards ) and as prep. phr. at the back of, behind ). As adv. phr. forcul gl. retro, Ml. 34b15 . techt forculu, 129d3 . dluthad . . . forculu, 50d6 . forculu gl. in terga, 26c8 . airimhthear in geinelach for culu, BB 35a34 . tíagait for cúlu, BDD² 471 . luid insruth forc.¤ , SR 7147 . conda tuc C. . . . for cúlu, Fing. R. 151 . leabhor do clōdh forcula ó theangaidh na T. to translate, Marco P. 1 . nó gur chuir M. ar cúla in céadfuidh sin refuted, Caithr. Thoirdh. 74.25 . A. Ó C. do chur ar cc.¤ `was removed' (of bishop), ALC ii 458.21 . tuile do char ar gcúlaibh, Aithd. D. 88.12 . Note also: a séan catha ar gcúl do-chóidh 'her success in battle vanished', Celtica xxvi 104 § 43 . dol ar cc.¤ ón sttaidd so = depart from, RSClára 17b . coibnes na liachtanu-su for cúla previous, PH 2986 . cēim ar cūlaib a step backwards, ML² 1380 . céim ar cc.¤ , 1462 . fosernd clothrī Connacht īer cūl places himself behind, ZCP viii 108.7 . gan lámh ar gc.¤ uile againn support, Dán Dé xix 18 . an corp . . . / . . . ar gc.¤ do bhaoi beo `came back to life', PBocht 5.39 . geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos, Laws ii 162.1 Comm. rachad ar cc.¤ ┐ ar ccúla ┐ ar ccúlaibh .c. uile, Bard. Synt. Tr. 219.16 . dlegur ar tus a glanadh mailli re neithib inglanas ┐ cuiris an tinnes ar cul, Irish Texts v 32.6 .

As prep. phrase: docoid in grian fora culu gl. solis . . . regressio, Ml. 43d27 . ind raibi athcomare lat iar do ch.¤? `didst thou ask permission of those whom thou didst leave?' Mon. Tall. 135.x . in son file iarcul indi as sanctis `behind', Ml. 37a18 . fuchertat alaim iárna c.¤ gl. auertunt a gremis ad dorsum manum, 93a25 . iarnach. `behind it', Sg. 148b9 . bariagolda anainmmsin arach.¤ , 31b21 (see n.). diatechta briathra in go arac.¤ `if they have verbs in `-go' behind them,' 112b3 . ambís iarna chúul dindséit gl. quae quidem retro sunt, Wb. 24a17 . itá nách cumachta fora cul na n-én sa those birds have some occult power, LU 3276 ( SCC 7 ). læch . . . is dech robói ar c.¤ scéith ┐ claidib ┐ gai, TFerbe 386 . iar c.¤ na comlad, SR 3208 . ar c.¤ comhóil at a banquet (?), O'Hara 1839 . gabh an cúan ar c.¤ Árann, IGT Decl. ex. 1128 . er cul Peter apstel `on behalf of', Thes. ii 289.18 . is eiside ciado-rat raith iar cul dligid a n-Eire, Laws v 348.2 cited s.v. cul .i. tareis, O'Dav. 480 . cutrumus leth-iarrata . . . ar cul in athur `in aid of', Laws v 200.4 Comm. Hú Néill uile ar c.¤ Coluim `under the protection', Arch. Hib. i 361.3 . moghenar . . . ceall / bias ar cul in meic sin, Lism. L. 1854 . iarna chulaib ┐ ara belaib `behind him and in front of him', Ériu iv 30.6 . bai ica comthuargain ara aghthib ┐ ara culaib `forward and backward', CCath. 3612 . teithid ara cculuibh, BNnÉ 165.18 . dothoguibh Gyi Heront ara cúluib behind him on his horse, ZCP vi 38.34 . go ro chuirseat. . . a mbú . . . i ndroibhélaibh an tíre iar ná ccúlaibh, AFM v 1550.13 .

With DO (DI): co na berad do cul no do taibh `backwards or laterally', Laws iv 292.12 Comm. cet sceinm do cul no do thaeib backwards (of flail), v 158.9 Comm. secht traighi déc do chul no do thaib `behind it', iii 180.10 Comm. is cuma congontis . . . da culaib ┐ da aigid, TTebe 3772 .

Other phrases: dodeochatarside ┐ a c.¤ rempo backwards , LU 118 . tairnid . . . in mbial fora munél ┐ a c.¤ rempi reversed , 9031 ( FB 78 ). Gaoidhil is a gc.¤ re chéile at variance, Aithd. D. 24.13 . na súile i n-aimsir an éaga / . . . do-chím c.¤ ar aghadh iad back to front, DDána 36.8 . tánic C. do le[i]th a chuil co I. from behind, IT ii2 141.x . do chuadar a ndiaigh a ccúil backwards , Gen. ix 23 .

Compds. With nouns: cūlairecht . . . is a suide bīt rīgh ┐ espuic rear assembly, ZCP xii 359.15 . atá cúlaitiri iarna c.¤ , BDD² 605 . culbard ┐ srutbard (in list of dóerbaird), IT iii 5.15 . Ériu xiii 42.11 . bied do cholg culbémend, LU 10362 . fear na cúlchainte backbiter , Párl. na mB. 1762 . la Hīb D. cūlc[h]omét ríg Fer T. rearguard , BColm. 52.30 . cūlchomētaid ┐ dorsaid, Corp. Gen. 94.8 . téid an inghean . . . tré chúldoras back door, Keat. ii 2841 . nicoir átecht fo culḟiacli (of communion particle), Thes. ii 255.18 . cruimh 'na chúilḟíacuil chúasaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 677 . aga culgairm, YBL 152a12 . cúlchaint ┐ cúlghearra, Párl. na mB. 1782 . an cúlghearrthóir `detractor' (Gloss.), 1778 . cuilleabaid chorcoirderg, ZCP x 292.6 . mo chúilleath re croich nDé back , Aithd. D. 62.29 . goro-eidirdelaigh a cenn rea chúilmēidhe neck , ZCP xiv 232.13 . cúlmongae foraib, LU 7086 . noragdais fersde charpait triam chūlmuinēl neck, TBC-I¹ 2580 . culreang dromanna a cathmiled ` spines ', MR 314.25 . inda llatt bá culscian srúb cechtar de, LL 33443 `not double-edged', Contribb. 560 . sí ic cúlṡnámh ┐ ic táebsnám swimming on the back, Acall. 3212 . mo theagasc duit ar eagla na cúilstéille ` back-cut ', Ó Bruad. iii 2.3 .

With adjj.: du ri Dail Cais cuilbuidhe fair-haired , BB 271a29 . in barrann (leg. barrḟinn) cuilcenann (of horse), H 3.18, 85b22 . mic Culclain (n. pr. m.), Laws i 150.16 . Ciar Cúldub, Corp. Gen. 31.23 . flaithius ind ḟir chíchmair chulḟind with fair back hair, LL 1273 . Cormac Cúlḟoda .i. c.¤ foddai fair, Cóir Anm. 113 . C. mic Cormaic culglais, Fen. 126.2 . ón Chúlglaiss Chonaill Chernaig (subst. of spear), Anecd. i 37.3 . le cloinn chúillebair Cholmán, SG 65.46 . loṅgas nacúllom (of the Danes), SR 2378 .

With adjj. formed from nouns: m. Orni Cūlbennaig, ZCP viii 334.11 . an cúlchainteach munabrach, Párl. na mB. 1772 . do phearsanaibh cúlráidhteach, 1483 . a n-aghaidh Guill chúil-sgathaigh, Duan. F. i 13.29 `bushy-headed (?)', Gloss.

See cúil, cúlad, and cúltech.

curracach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. curracach or dil.ie/14007

 

adj o, ā (curruc?). hic cuculatus . . . c.¤ , Ir. Gl. 595 . gur curraiccach [chím] a gcás `how scurvy a plight they are in', Ó Bruad. i 122.w .

1 eng

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 eng or dil.ie/20078
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: eing i n-, (a h-)eing

n track, trace: eang .i. lorg...dochuadar ar eing no ar lorg, O'Cl. nicon fess eng na eis dib track or trace IT i 143.2 . ni fríth eṅg na eis dóib, LL 232a20 = TTr. 1098 . luidh E. ┐ lucht na luinge for iaraid in meic bic ┐ ni uaratar eng na heis de, BB 414a36 . triar... | do lean d'ḟír-eing na n-ughdor, Keat. ii 100 . do thabhairt áosa fainn for séis ar eing na ccédughdar, IGT, Introd. 1.2 . do-chím eang an uile cheathra | chuige so...'sní uil .. eang gá ḟágbháil, TD 16.39 . In phrase, ar eng 'according to': ar eng esiomláire Íosa Críosd, Ériu xv 72.1 , Supplement 47 .

Adv. phr. eing i n- (a h-)eing step by step, on the heel of: suil dobheinn eing a n-eing | agus cailleach an mhuilinn in step with, in the company of (?) BS 126.11 . co riachtatar eing i n-eing i lurg áonluincce co Loch F. (of a fleet of ships), Hugh Roe, 232.24 (f. 62a) . dá chéad déag d'éigsibh ána | dá gcur tar sáil eing a heing together, one and all Content. xxviii 7 (see note).

indrem, indram

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indrem, indram or dil.ie/28529
Last Revised: 2019

 

vn. of *ind-rími. [Orig. ā, f. (cf. tinnrem)]. Later m. IGT Decl. § 28.

I

(a) performance, attainment ? : ro bui écutrumus mór ... iter ord a flaithiusa ┐ indram a n-aicenta ┐ a n-aíssi achievement (?) (of Caesar and Pompey), CCath. 326. Gaileoin d'ionram a ngaile (glossed : ag friothailem goile ┐ gaisccidh), Leb. Gab.(i) 124.10 . do-nídh innradha oidhche | innramha rígh rofhoirbhthe, IGT Decl. ex. 868.

(b) act of directing ; guidance, direction, course: decair innremh na hóige, Ériu viii 86.122 . cat in stiurad nó in tinrum (ca hindrum, gá hindramh, v.ll.) doberisi ..., a Chormaic ... ar Goll ar Ḟiannaib Eirenn anossa ?, Acall. 5279. cuid dod thréd gan innremh orra, Studies 1922, 585 § 5 . d'iomad sgéal n-iongnadh orra | do-ghéan mh'ionnramh eatorra, DDána 23 § 13. triall dar n-ionnramh i n-aimsir na fíorghoimhe, Aithd. D. 55 § 8. turus na slat súairc an t-innreamh | fa cúairt mac is inghen é, IGT Decl. ex. 870. tug a éag i gcōmhnaidhe | mhé gan ionnramh chóig gcéadfadh, Measgra D. 62.28 . cos Éamuinn le hionnramh n-each, Hackett liv 13.

(c) beginning, origin: innriomh .i. tinnsgeadal, O'Cl. is andsin tainic ar menmain do Stait ... bunadhindruim na Tiabanta indus rocinset o Caithim, TTebe 9 .

II

(a) act of serving, service: ar do ríge ..: ar th'innram `by the service to which thou art entitled,' MacCongl. 55.18 . iar n-indrum (indradh, indrom, innrim, v.ll.) tige Temrach `after serving the house of T.', Metr. Dinds. i 26.180 . na dáoine dar dhúal ar n-ionramh, Studies 1919, 72 § 1 . do-chím sibh gan fhear dot ionnramh (to a monastery), DDána 122 § 2. Goill is mac Meic Diarmada | —mór d'éintír ionnramh a n-olc, 92 § 10. déun ionnramh aireach `keep watchful service,' KMMisc. 248.17 .

(b) treatment ; condition, state ; fate: is amlaid ro aisneid ┐ is amlaid ro taispenad inn innram sin, CCath. p. 82 n. 5 . mairg thrá nach tiobhradh dá aoidh | ionramh na mná is a macaoimh, DDána 37 § 12. mar tharla a díol d'ionnramh air, Aithd. D. 25 § 22. ionnramh mh'anman eagail liom `I fear for the fate of my soul,' Dán Dé xxx 3.

(c) flux, discharge ? : an lucht ar a mbid innrum coilerda, ni dlegar a cur a fothragadh, RC xlix 47.15 . da ti sgethrach no inrum no fuil srona no allus a cenn causoin, co leigestar an causon uadha, 53.4 . da raib innrum arin lenam, tabuir biadha fastoigtecha da buime, Irish Texts v 50.7 .

? ité indrema a cendaile fil fri Crossa Brenaind `those are the tokens (?) of their head-spoils,' Ériu vi 149.66 .

last

Cite this: eDIL s.v. last or dil.ie/29617

 

n indecl. (Engl. loanword) cargo: l.¤ na luinge, TSh. 3767 . is long gan l.¤ an treabh do-chím-se, Keat. Poems 1493 . long gan (leg. gona) l.¤ don mhaith `a vessel virtue-laden', Ó Bruad. ii 202.12 . ba mian leis an luing a lasd do chur amach, Acts xxi 3 . Compd. ¤long: séolchrann lastloinge, 23 G 24, 335 .

lúb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lúb or dil.ie/30866
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (with unlen. -b) ā, f. ( Ériu xxxii 173 ) loop. ring, circle : do dhéna tú lúba do ghorm, Exodus xxvi 4. Of link of chain: an dá lúib do bhí ar cheann an tslabhra, Keat. ii 6301. amhuil thairngios gach l.¤ don tshlabhradh l.¤ eile 'na diaidh, Mac Aingil 754 . slabhra trí l.¤ , Eochairsg. 38.13 . ar mbeith cuibhrighthe i lúbaibh na leisge, TSh. 1321. Equated with cris: ro bui cris . . . iarnaighi . . . cengailti ina medhon, ┐ carrtha . . . cloichi cengailti don luib lanmoir-sin, ZCP vi 285.36 . a ghille 's a l.¤ 'n-a láimh, / ag súd inn-ne dot fhágbháil (of the world), DDána 50.1 . In phrase cluiche lúibe (is líathróite) hurling (so called from the bent willow used as a goal, Ériu xxxii 173-74 ): dual d'Énri as a óige / cluiche lúibe is liathróide, L. Cl. A. B. 170.122 . le cluithe luibe et líathroid, RC xvi 27.4 . trí cluithe luibi, Duan. F. i 33.29 . ac cluichi lúibe ┐ liathróidi, CF² 757 In phrase i lúib: rucc mac meic D. orra i lúib na Sucae `at a sinuous winding', AFM vi 2040.10 . ar sccáth muine, ┐ i lúib tuimm `under the shelter of a shrubbery', 2196.15 . Of hair curl: a fholt na lub, Irish Texts ii 69.7 . na lúba ar lí an óir, DDána 8.4 . a Fhionn-Mhuire a fholt na l.¤ , A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 15. Cf. cíarog na lub (of dead pig), Irish Texts i 27.18 . Hence girl: bheith cúiteach re lúbaibh gan lasair náire maidens , Ó Bruad. iii 42.4 . a l.¤ na séud, Hard. i 58.5 .

In transfd. sense: meinig do chuir lúib luaimhnigh / . . . tre dheargdhoire . . . caoilshleadh `a dashing raid in a circle', O'Hara 1690 . l.¤ fhionn-ard-ghlan na nglac ngeal (of Ireland), Keat. Poems 1139. Frequ. deceit, subterfuge : saoghal na l.¤ , Aithd. D. 51.15 . do chim go bhfuilir le lubuibh amhuil shionnaigh you can double like a fox, Luc. Fid. 4320 . liosta a l.¤ sa leadán, Ó Bruad. iii 202.15 . As attrib. gen.: immram luipe laechlestair course, MacCongl. 39.24 = imram lupe laochlesto[i]r, 121.30 .

Compds. ¤gal: lúbghal darab gar a goimh (of wiles of the world), DDána 53.24 . ? ¤chomlumach: o mhuigh lupcomlumach / luamnach . . . , IT iii 98 § 159 . ¤díabulta: lúb-diabulta `double-looped', MacCongl. 99.31 .

? sebair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? sebair or dil.ie/36712

 

n k, f. IGT Decl. § 185.6 . bím láinṡeabhair is bím balbh | ó'd-chím arm gráineamhuil gorm, IGT Decl. ex. 2098 . g s. an cú sebhrach no an tráill tú | a chú Theamhrach í Chnáill Chúa?, ex. 2091 .

solusta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. solusta or dil.ie/38427

 

adj io, iā (solus) bright, shining : imar bad lócrand láns.¤ , LU 6556 (TBC). tir sutach s.¤ , 1970 . Sinann ṡolasta (ḟorusda, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 286.6 . co mad i soillsi . . . no-thísad in spirut s.¤ forsna hapstalaib solustaib, PH 5469 . in retlu s.¤ (of a man), AU ii 174.9 . fuair inad s.¤ ┐ sé taitnemach, LB 144a31 . an cicil solusda `the solar cycle', ALC i 352.1 (see also under solus). fordorcad for ruithnib solustaib na greni, CCath. 850 . i llo samraid s.¤ , TTebe 1426 . Adv. do-chím eang an uile cheathra | chuige so go solusda `clearly can I see . . .', TD 16.39 .

táin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. táin or dil.ie/39627

 

Forms: tán, tain, táin, tánai, tana, táin, tánaidh, tānae, Tana, Tano, tána, tánad, Thanad, tána, táin, thán, tánaid, tánuidh, tánaidh, tānaich, tánaigh, tāne, tānae, tana, thánti, táinte, tánti, táintiu, tháinti, tanadha, thána, tán, táin, thánte, táinte, thāintedh, táintead, tánaib, taintib

n ī, i, t, and k (rarely), f. vn. of do-aig. See KZ xxviii 290 . Prob. orig. ā, f., cf. áin. IGT Decl. § 201 . n s. tán, MacNeill, MacNeill, Law of status 310.71 . tain, TBC-LL¹ 1588. Laws iv 156.20 . táin, DDána 42.37 . a s. tánai, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6.1 . tana, ITS v 114.4 . táin, LU 1890 . Keat. ii 3258 . tánaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 441 . g s. tānae, Sc.M² 11.2 . Tana, Tano, IT ii2 212.128 . tána, TBC-LL¹ 1576 . tánad, 4930 . Thanad, CRR 8.23 . d s. tána, LU 1457 , 1630 , 4792 n. b , 5357 . TD 31.26 . táin, TBC-LL¹ 2317 . TBFr. 172 . thán, Oss. iv 72.6 . tánaid, TBC-LL¹ 1787 , 6062 . tánuidh, Anecd. i 37 § 96 . tánaidh, Dán Dé x 14 . tānaich, TBC-I¹ 2435 . tánaigh, TD 31.26 . n p. tāne, ZCP viii 119.1 . tānae, O'Mulc. 526 . tana, Laws i 46.6 Comm. bóthánti , TBC-LL¹ 767 . táinte, SG 121.26 . IGT Decl. ex. 968. Keat. iii 2024 . a p. tánti, LL 168b39 . iltáintiu , RC xviii 50.15 . bótháinti , ML² 312 . tanadha, Anecd. ii 44.4 . g p. bóthána , BDD² 267 n. tán, ZCP v 242.34 . táin, DDána 10.40 . bóthánte , LU 3911 . táinte, Metr. Dinds. iii 82.72 . bōthāintedh , ML² 1173 . táintead, ZCP viii 230 § 17 . d p. tánaib, TBC-LL¹ 1507 . taintib, Ériu iv 128.23 . MR 80.3 .

(a) driving out, off: do th.¤ na mbó a Cuailngiu, TBFr. 348 . án, tán, aircsiu `driving in, driving out, looking on,' MacNeill, MacNeill, Law of status 310.71 . cuic seoit a nain (.i. ínund .i. ind) ocus a tain (.i. imach .i. as), Laws iv 156.20 , 158.7 Comm. (?) is é dorinne fhlesc láma | tinne dána tána eich, SG 361.24 .

(b) cattle-raid, plundering expedition: do chobair dún ocon t.¤ , TBFr. 172 . cen gáibthe ... | buar-brat is táinte is tochmarc, Metr. Dinds. iii 82.72 . taebh neich um tánaidh ro treadhg, ZCP viii 228 § 15 . Hence in titles of stories with cattle-raid as main theme: do macgnímaib Con-culaind ... for Tain bo Cualnge, TBC-LL¹ 1388 . Bernais Tana bo Cualnge, 1587 . for Tain bó Regamna, 2290 . Tāin Bō Rūanaid, ZCP viii 104 . See IGT Decl. § 175 . Táin when unaccompanied by qualifying words refers to T.¤ Bó Cuailnge: for Tānaich, TBC-I¹ 2435 . Sligi na Tana, TBC-LL¹ 300 . ar cur chatha na Tana, CRR 1.2 . ar an dTánaigh, DDána 104.10 . Cf. fo dáig combad furtacht dóib ocon Tána na mbó a Cualngi, LU 1630 . Also as name of a genre of stories: fessae, toglae, tānae, O'Mulc. 526 . is iat ... primsceil ... togla, ocus tana, ocus tochmarca etc., Laws i 46.3 Comm. ZCP viii 119.1 . tána, tochmairc, toghla, TD 25.29 .

(c) driven cattle, herd, flock: cen t.¤ cethra, SR 5649 . ar con tístaís do chosnam a tana, TBC-LL¹ 2319 . conidh ann rosoíedh in tāin, ZCP viii 105.5 . imda a treoit is a táinte, LB 124a44 . an Maol ... con a mór-thanaidh, Celt. Rev. iv 106.22 . a mbanntracht ┐ a mbōthāinti, ML² 949 . tarbh tána `a parish or public bull,' O'R. Cf. Keat. i 152.10 . Hence of animals other than cattle: gadhair ... na d-táintibh, Oss. iv 20.22 . táinte torc, LL 43a49 . t.¤ do almain ┐ indilib, RC x 54.z . fuair sē ōn talamh tāinte possessions , ZCP ii 363.3 .

(d) plunder, booty, spoil (gen. of cattle): oc tabairt tānae bó huait, Sc.M² 11.2 . bát menic ac raind tána, RC xx 10 § 2 . mar do-chámar don creich reimhe | do breith thánadh eile úaid, IGT Decl. ex. 2165 . is é fós tug an t.¤ mhór leis a hUlltaibh, Keat. ii 3258.

(e) In Mod. Ir. crowd (of people): mór dt.¤ ar tí ar mbáidhte, DDána 10.40 . seant.¤ naoidhe `a seasoned, vigorous throng,' TD 35.8 . tugustair ... preab ... gur bhenastair risin tana romhóir dobhí ina fhiadhnuise, ITS v 114.4 . gach fear ... | eidir fhlaith, thriath, a's th.¤ ` host ,' Oss. iv 68.8 . Cf. truaga, tána fri gortai, | buana, bana, bithbochtai, SR 951.

Various: t.¤ trillsi, TFrag. 34.18 . cuilt chliar a ccolcaibh tána | sliabh na ghortaibh gabhála, 23 G 24 262.25 . tri téad is laige t.¤ | do chím a lár do thiompáin, Rel. Celt. ii 293.14 .

Compd. trí braona na thán-ruith dearg fhola, Oss. vi 52.20 .

timpán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. timpán or dil.ie/40802
Last Revised: 2013

 

n o, m. (< Lat. tympanum). Also occas. f.: umae bīs inti, Corm. Y 1258 . IGT Decl. § 35.

(a) timbrel, drum (but see Celtica xxi 65 ): siur do Moisi, Maire már | iar sain ro sephainn t.¤ , SR 4042 . Muire ... ┐ si oc senmaimm thímpain, LB 118b44 . ghlac sí tiompán na láimh, Exodus xv 20 . bidh foghur and mar guth timpáin, mar toirrnigh, Rosa Angl. 26.20 . da fogruidhi an medhon re bualad mar t.¤, no mar tabur, 268.14 .

(b) some kind of stringed instrument ; a psaltery (?) ( Celtica xxi 66 ): ic seinm a thimpáin téidbind, SR 6060 . timpān .i. tim .i. sail ┐ bān .i. umae bīs inti, Corm. Y 1258 . cruit .i. ar timpan sin, Laws v 106.34 Comm. timpan bec ro bói ac na mnaib | cona lethrind airgid báin | cona deilgnib oir buidhe | cona thétaib findruine, Acall. 5610 . timpan aircit ana laimh | fa hor dearg teta an timpain, 362 n. fer becc, trí thét ina t.¤ , RC xiii 438.1 . tri téad is laige táin | do chím a lar do thiompáin, Rel. Celt. ii 293.14 . timpan becc ... ┐ in sepainfidhtir duit-si he? ... atnaigh-sium a mher tharse, RC vi 183.13 . re foscad ... na t.¤ 'ga tadall d'aigthib ocus dformnadaib eand ocus ingen na suad 'gá sarsheinm, MR 168.x . tolg do thetaib timpain, Laws v 276.5 Comm. orgána et timpána et cláirsiocha, Aisl. Tond. 114.6 = orgáin ┐ timpáin ┐ cláirseóir ag a seinm, 139.11 . timpan creda in lāim chli in gilla, Anecd. i 2.21 . imirt sgéith Lagha ar do láimh | ar chléith tana do thimpáin, IGT Decl. ex. 882 . muna mbeith an dán | ag cruit téidbhinn ná ag tiompán, DDána 72.29 .

In proverbial phrase: mairg do loisg a thiompán ré who wasted his time on, Measgra D. 72.13 . ní loisgeabhsa | an mhéad mhaireas dom thiompán, Dánta Gr. 96.15 ; for origin see O'Rahilly, Ir. Prov., § 341 , and An Seabhac, An Seanchaidhe Muimhneach, p. 241 .

tinchor, tincor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tinchor, tincor or dil.ie/40845
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: teancur

n o, m. vn. formation from *to-ind-cor (cf. also tecar.) teancur, IGT Decl. § 11.

(a) act of contributing; marriage contribution (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 18 , 82 f. , 126 f. ): cathim lānamna cen leith tincor ohne Einbringen der Hälfte, ZCP xv 321.2 . lanamnas comtincuir .i. lanamain is cutruma aca tecartar tir ┐ indile, Laws ii 358.7 Comm. fer-t.¤ husband's preponderant contribution: lanamnus mna for ferthinucur, 380.23 . .i. ben bis a ndliged lanamnais for in tincur fearda, 26 Comm. ban-t.¤ wife's preponderant contribution: lanamnas fir for bantidnacur, 390.31 .i. in fer bis i ndligedh lanamnais for in tincur mbanda, 392.3 Comm. Hence: for ban-t.¤ supported by a woman, under woman's control: do bithsiu ar bantincur mnaa, TBC-LL¹ 9 ; 'you were a woman subsistent upon the property which you would bring to a marriage' Ulidia ii 53 . ni chuala chuiced i n-hErinn ar bantinchur acht in cuiced-sa a oenur, TBC-LL¹ 53 ; 'I heard of no other province in Ireland which was included in a woman’s marriage portion' Ulidia ii 53 . nírbo miad leis beith for bantinchur, TBC-LL² 73 ; 'counted as a woman’s property' Ulidia ii 52 .

(b) household goods (cf. ZCP xvi 217 ): tincur a treibi do luag, Laws v 284.29 . tinol ┐ tincur, H 3.17, 658b ( O'D. 930 ). tinchur coir itir erna ocus lestra, Críth G. 140 . focress a phupall for Ailill ┐ sudigthe a thincur eter choilcthe ┐ brothracha, TBC-I¹ 156 . tincur tigi caich .i. do brecanaib ocus do cerchaillib, Laws i 126.y Comm. feis cach tinacuir bed?, v 486.19 . da sét i nuall nard iar tinchur .i. in guth nárd iar tincur neich fo taob after lying down to rest?, H 3.17, 423 ( O'D. 521 ).

(c) act of supplying; equipment, supply: im cach tincur ba hadlaic do, TBFlidais 94 . ┐ a tincor do lind ┐ do biud, LU 8071 (FB). tinōled tinchur fleidhi mōire lais, BColm. 40.16 . an dalta sin do thionchar do bhiadh ┐ d'edach, 24 P 21, 32.16 = frestal, BNnÉ 202 § 43 . ré hordughadh gacha tionnchuire eile bud cuibhe chum fearta fleadha, CRR² § 18 v.l. ┐ do cuireadh trí tionnchaire loinge innti `a ship's three requisites,' ITS i 56.9 . Cf. dligid tencair coitcenn | d'ollamain in dāna, ZCP xii 296.1 .

(d) act of attending, caring for: tioncar .i. friotháileamh, O'Cl. in tan tic rí día t[h]incur, TBC-I¹ 1963 . cen tincur o dhune, IT iii 195 § 36 . im tincur roe, Laws i 150.12 . ní roacht o Gull tascud nó tincur dind fot forsa mbai attendance, giving of battle (?), RC xiv 408.x . re tinchur tachuir `before delivering an attack,' TTebe 1465 . ro leic a trilis ... ri tincur greine to the care of the sun, 3742 . tinchur tochmairc `concourse for wooing,' 659 . do-rinne sé an tír do theancur | do-chím é a tteampal na thosd, IGT Decl. ex. 486.

? ben for a fuirme a celi tinchur naire co mbi namat fuirre `circulation of a satire,' Laws v 292.20 .

(e) position, grade, rank (?) : mainech a tincur o ollum go hoblaire 'valuable is where he is placed [amongst those] from the ollam to the oblaire ' UR 29.13 . máineach a thinchor, O'Dav. § 1533 . iarna tormuim tincur o maccleirec go hespuc 'according to their progress and position from clerical student to bishop' CIH vi 2213.1 , UR 31 .

tón

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tón or dil.ie/41378
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tóin

n ā, f. Also tóin i, f.

(a) hindquarters, podex: tōn a tonitro .i. ōn torainn bīs inti, Corm. Y 1256 . natium, anulorum, id est inna ton 'of the rumps, bottoms', GDH 186 . na h-elta nīcos to dīn | snechta find fīr doroich tōin, Four Songs iv 3 . oc imdegail tóne, ZCP xviii 92.14 . ic a toin, 16 . ba menic rota Lūachra Dedad lim-sa foa tóin `under their posteriors,' Sc.M² § 7 . in gilla ... curthar fircenn a srōna | i fírcend tóna na mnā, ZCP iii 34.23 . co foph a thona, LU 8520 (FB). bara mor in brig sin ... for tuaith ┐ cenel ar thoin mna druithi, TBC-I¹ 3600 cf. (c) infra. ? ni ar thoin mna ... gaubus-sa inso, 1616 . as a mbelaib ... as a tonaib, Laws v 108.33 . ní raibh cor a gcois ná a dtóin leis, O'Gr. Cat. 632.35. meadh meanaidh thiar ar a thóin, Ir. Review 1912 , 471 § 7 . debide baise fri tóin, IT iii 150 § 28 . Metaphorical: tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair ` egress ,' Laws iv 158.14 Comm.

(b) bottom: ba usce for tóin créthir, MacCongl. 73.3 . nir bo leir ar tóin in ballain, Ériu v 116.42 . do rat fer don toraig orchar aithesach do cloich cur ben ar toin an aigin, Ann. Conn. 1406.4 . a thaeb fri toin na gabla, O'Dav. 1204. faoí thóin méise, Hard. ii 330.12 . gabas B. righi ... a ton Sceithia thuascertaig gu tracht mara Caisp ` depths ,' BB 18b32 .

(c) In various phrases: inetet toin a mna tar crich follows his wife, Laws v 516.6 .i. fer teid i lenmain tona a mna tar in crich, 19 Comm. hi toin mna mis-rairleastair, TBC-LL¹ p. 888 n. 5 = a n-diaigh mna, p. 889 n. 2 . do chim ... gur ab ·ian leat dul ar do thōin retreat from your position, Luc. Fid. 227.12 .

(d) g s. as adj. rear: glas fota bís iter chosa cinn ┐ cos[a] tóna, Thr. Ir. Gl. 26.y . in caelan tona rear gut, O'Dav. 1210. don ces tona, Laws ii 232.10 Comm. itir a da cois tona, 240.4 Comm.

Compds. ¤airem rear ploughman (opposed to cennairem): Rimadh in ton-airem tend | Tairle in cendairem coitchend, ITS xxxix 60 § 16 . ¤lesc lazy, sluggish: Aodh buidhi ... ris a raitti an macaomh toinleasc, AFM iii 432.x .

tráth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tráth or dil.ie/41602
Last Revised: 2013

 

n u, n., later m. IGT Decl. § 38 (87.15) .

I

(a) period of time, hour, point of time: hi comardaib trath `at the proper hours,' Laws i 102.25 . in cech trath `every time,' 280.15 Comm. a ceōil binni in cach thrāth, Hail Brigit 11 . nech loingis ríasind trath cóir `if anyone eats before the proper hour,' Mon. Tall. 131.19 . do-mm-air fiado cech thratha `may the Lord come each hour to me,' Lib. Hymn. 131.31 . ma thānic do thrāth if your hour has come, TBC-I¹ 2639 . ferna tullochtaib tráthaib iar fuin, BDD² 332 . suidig do da laim cech thrath | fri ruirig nime, SR 1605 . ní dersaig co t.¤ teirt ara barach, LU 10755 . contuli t.¤ a dála, 10754 . ríge láech nErend dait úainne on trath sa, 8785 . co deód laí co trath na faire, 9079 . crecha mora eile fa na trathaib cetna sin, AU iii 360.18 . robatar indsin etir da t.¤ din ló `for the space of two of the watches of the day,' RC iii 184.28 . an tír i dt.¤ a ronna `when making this division of the land,' Aithd. D. 16.6 . is maith dhóibhséin go dtí an t.¤ `till the good time comes,' 25.16 . i dt.¤ fhillte don fhoghail `when the attack was repulsed,' TD 26.37 . ón t.¤ do cuireadh 'na cheann `as soon as he is attacked,' 18.11 . ní fhuil lá ná oidhche, t.¤ ná uair do chairde chinnte ón bhás, TSh. 2658.

(b) day. According to Thurneysen, Sc.M² Gloss. , trí tráth was originally from one hour to the second recurrence of the same, two full days and nights, but later on was used for three full days . Cf. (d): drucht .i. maitin no trath ... iar trib druchtaibh .i. iar trib trathaib nó iar trib maitnib, O'Dav. 677. ar gach laithe naicenta ... tri seotu cach tratha, O'D. 495 ( H 3.17, 402 ). feoil doib cacha tratha ┐ gach re trath da ndaim, ┐ im doib in trath eile ... ┐ gacha cethramad trath da ndaim, O'Curry 1031 ( H 3.18, 433 ). imb dó ala th.¤ every second day, Críth G. 151 . bai corp Adaim trib trathaib | cen anmain fri derbḟathaib, SR 1045 . co-rrabe tri th.¤ cen dig cen biad, Sc.M² 3 . fri trí t.¤ nír throm-chotail, Metr. Dinds. iii 452.32 . nis relic ūad rē sē t.¤ , Sc.M² 21 i . co cend naoi tt.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 4468 . nói t.¤ re cur in chatha, Metr. Dinds. ii 74.41 . nach mou na di trath atú i n-a hécmais, PH 1060 . ceathracha trath ria ndilind `forty days before the Deluge,' RC xvi 155.1 . brath ind Rīgh atrae iar tain | hi cind trī trāth a talmain, Ériu iii 196.z . Dia i n-uaigh dá th.¤ nó a trí `for two, nay three, days,' Aithd. D. 69.32 . do bhí ar th'iomdhaidh teora th.¤ , DDána 30.19 . biathadh dá th.¤ dheág `provision for twelve days,' Keat. iii 2644.

(c) In phrase ón t.¤ co roili until the same time the next day: suire lubru on trath co raile `a workman's free quarters from one day to another,' Laws ii 36.3 . on trath co 'raili gl. on trath co celi, v 86.28 . ón t.¤ co 'roili, BDD² 1250 . on trath sa co alaile, LU 8334 . nách óen gébas do immun húan t.¤ co araile `from one watch to the other,' Trip.² 1341 . cīa clērech dano rochotail fon sruth ōn trāth coraile, BColm. 104.11 . marb MacCon di athchumu ōn trāth co arailiu, Fianaig. 40.4 . Cf. co m-boi Cúchulaind on trath co ceile ina suan, RC vi 183.17 .

(d) canonical hour . For discussion see KMMisc. 160 . The number of canonical hours varied from six to eight. See tract in H. 3. 17 ( Ériu iii 116 ), where six are mentioned. Seven are mentioned in the gloss on septies in die laudem dixi tibi, Thes. i 3.35 . Eight in the tract and poem in LB ( KMMisc. 142 ) and in the poem in H. 3. 18 ( ZCP vi 271 ) and Acall. 2956 - 65 . In 23 N 10 ( KMMisc. 158 ) there is a stanza: ocht trath tiagmuid do guide | innosa mo righ-ruire | secht trath nama teigthi tall | ic aes rechta cen imrall `eight hours do we go to pray now to my Lord King, seven hours only of yore the people of the law were wont to go, without mistake.' Eight canonical hours are also mentioned in FA ( LU 2010 , 2241 ) and in the Laws: cona ordaib coraibh .i. imaithigidh na nocht trath, O'D. 918 ( H 3.17, 654 ). See also under the separate hours: 2 teirt, medón laí, 1 nóin, 1 fescor or esparta, coimpléit, medón aidche or íarmérge, tiugnáir, and 2 prím or anteirt.

celebrad tratha, Wb. 25c23 . da cet slechtain matin ised dogníd ┐ cet cacha tratha `a hundred every canonical hour,' Mon. Tall. 141.4 . ceall oc na frith airithiu tratha `acceptance of the canonical hours,' Laws v 118.8 . nad mbentar cloc do trathaib, ii 120.9 Comm. ba coir do cach cristaide | cia nochiad cach thratha, SR 8018 . fillet a nglúni co gnath | cech trath, 7910 . ro-chelebairset a tratha co creit, PH 582 . a thrátha ní-s-dermana `his canonical hours let him not forget them,' Ériu iii 98.15 . go rob clog t.¤ , Aithd. D. 61.9 . teagh na dt.¤ ` oratory ,' PBocht 13.26 . mairg nach tathaigh na trátha, Dán Dé xxiv 1 . a gcūrsa aiffrenn, trāth ┐ senmor, Fl. Earls 56.7 . eidir se ┐ a thratha, BCC 2.9 . do thrátha Muire, Desid. 1324.

(e) Hence in phrase t.¤ nóna, orig. canonical hour of none , but used also in general sense of evening . Also as adv. in the evening: tanic int aingel t.¤ nóna, Trip.² 1366 . ataís a ara tenid dó trath nóna na haidchi sin, LU 6278 . a mbátár in tslóig and trath nóna, 5884 . ro bátar and trath nóna deód laí, 9183 . ri robennach tuara doib | im trath nóna fochétóir, SR 7702 . co n-accatar ní in t.¤ nóna arna bárach, TBFr. 267 . combatar i n-imacallaim co t.¤ nóna, SG 414.9 . um th.¤ nóna, Content. xi 6 . TSh. 3800 . a naimsir an t.¤ nóna, Gen. xxiv 11 . biáidh neamghlan go t.¤ , Levit. xi 24 . Cf. trath funid nóna, TBC-LL¹ 6067.

(f) In phrase is t.¤ ... it is time to ...: ní t.¤ dod dhul a Dhiarmaid `this is no fitting time for thy departure,' O'Gr. Cat. 392.3. dámadh t.¤ risean dá rádha `were this the time to make it,' PBocht 1.1 . is t.¤ dá mhothughadh `realise this now,' 25.14 . ní t.¤ m'éigean d'fhailleachadh `no time to neglect my danger,' 23.25 . t.¤ dod chloinn teacht dá dtíosda `'tis time for thy children to come,' Aithd. D. 88.28 . do-chím nach t.¤ dó a diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 550.

II As temporal conj. (with rel. n- ) when

(a) Without art.: tráth mbátar and, Imr. Brain i 47.14 . t.¤ ba lethmarb, LU 9073 . t.¤ bá medon aidche dó, 9089 . t.¤ dodeochaid Étaín isa tech, 10759 . t.¤ ro gab cách dunad, TBC-LL¹ 416 . t.¤ atchessa di thīr, ZCP viii 312.15 . in troscud t.¤ bas nadas `fasting when it is proper,' Ériu ii 65.4 . t.¤ budh dhú díol a dhoirre `when satisfaction was due,' PBocht 21.31 . trath ba dolta now that it is time to go (?), Irish Texts ii 61 § 31.

(b) With art.: in trath atconcatar ... in tir ica hinred, Cog. 156.24 . uair in trath sháiles duine, PH 7784 . in trāth ric co longud, ZCP vii 297.12 . an trath chuireas cor no culscal de, TTebe 1296 . uaigh Thaidhg an t.¤ do-chífiom, Aithd. D. 10.37 . an t.¤ is léir sin, TSh. 5166 . an t.¤ fár ghlac, Desid. 2519 . Causal in: cadeat m'acsine-sea ┐ m'urnadmand ... in t.¤ lamair a rád sin seeing that one dares to say that, MU² 114.

III As adv.

(a) Without art.: tig t.¤ eile i nDún Dealgan, Aithd. D. 21.36 . ainchidh t.¤ a Mhíchéil mé `save me betimes,' PBocht 18.33 . a mhaoidheamh ós aird 'gun altóir | ionann t.¤ is teine i gcrios `is often like flash from flint,' Dán Dé xxxi 19 . ní foláir a bheith críochnuighthe t.¤ éigin, TSh. 3153 . ar n-a marach moch-thrath =summo mane, Smaointe B. Chr. 2926 . Cf. trath feisi `at the time of the feast,' Laws ii 236.22 Comm. See also tráth nóna s.v. tráth.

(b) With art.: duit, á Chríst, in tráthsa | ro gádsa mo guidi `to thee, o Christ, at this time, I have prayed my prayer,' Fél. Ep. 411 . biad bec beras ó ghorta in t.¤—sin he, PH 7549 . co coíed Petar in trathsin cech n-oidche, 3202 . créad an cantlamh mheasas tú do bheith ann an t.¤ soin ?, TSh. 6409 . See also trásta.

Occas. written for trá moreover , q.v.