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1 cáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cáil or dil.ie/7706

n f. (Lat. qualitas, Wortk. 172 )

(a) quality, property : isna cáilibh nadura = in qualitate naturae (sic leg.), O'D. 542 ( H 3.17, 434 ). foladh ┐ . . . c.¤ substance and quality, O'Gr. Cat. 254.27 . is ó'n tsubiecht gabus gach quail tosac[h], 259.29 . co fuil gach uile corp . . . cumasc[th]a as a cáilib féin, 246.23 . in tan gabtar in fín . . . a c.¤ laidir, 215.10 . cail gotha `quality of voice', Auraic. 601 . tria chail na tr. n-indsge, 3774 . is ed inchoisces qāil ind ḟocail as locusta .ii loco sta , ZCP xii 370.12 . do réir cháile ┐ chaindigheachta bídh, TSh. 8067 . ní fuil órd cailidh (cailli, v.l.) ná métaighti ar pianaib ifirn, De Contemptu 2593 . an t-aran d'ithe 'n-a cail fein, BCC 438.11 . c.¤ na persan `condition of the person', RSClára 68 § 1 . fir fa ch.¤ a gcionaidh, DDána 98.7 . créd hí an cháill shonuis do bhí oruibh blessedness, Galatians iv 15 . ? iar cálaib (: fácaib) garb ro gáel gail, SR 6167 .

(b) characteristic, trait : cáile maithe anma, Párl. na mB. 40 . ní coimseach mo ch.¤ ó chorp, PBocht 11A. 25 . is beg oram c.¤ na mban I do not like the ways of women, Duan. F. i 85 § 12 . go mbíd cáile sna hainmhinntibh . . . budh inleanta dona daoinibh, TSh. 2626 . an ch.¤ ón ceanamhla sind, O'Hara 1331 .

(c) repute, reputation : co clú is co c.¤ , SG 29.42 . cion ┐ c.¤ , AFM v 1630.5 . Í. Mh. as chruth-ghlaine c.¤ , Content. xxix 23 . inshluaghaidh a ch.¤ don coin, ZCP ii 344.12 `the fame of it (the deed) was as good as a hosting', Ir. Syll. Poetry 104 . cúirt go gc.¤ ar chócaireacht `famous for', Timth. vi 37 § 5 . ní c.¤ duit a bheith chomh h-uaibhreach, Hard. i 335.15 . Also cáile: an tí do raid is feas a ch.¤ ` fame ', O'Rah. 104.73 .

(d) measure, amount : dá mbeith c.¤ don éagcóir féin aige, Maguires of F. 25 . Frequ. with éicin some, a certain amount : go ffúair c.¤ éiccin ṡaothair ag sccríobhadh na Riaghla, RSClára 36.x . c.¤ éigin sholais do thabairt don aos óg, RC iv 355.2 . nō go ccodhludh cāil éigin, Feis Tighe Chonáin 38 . iomad re rádh re F. ┐ c.¤ éigin re P., Celtica i 93.190 . a gc.¤ éigin in some sort, Mac Aingil 156 .

(e) With prep. I N- way, respect; a mórán do cháilibh, Párl. na mB. 1838 . croinn . . . / nír mheabhoidh orrtha i n-éanch. in any respect, O'Hara 2462 . san ch.¤-sin in that respect, Desid. 4398 . créud í an cháill a rabhabhair fáoi eagluisibh eile?, 2 Cor. xii 13 . With AR: ní ar aon-ch.¤ amháin, TSh. 6488 .

(f) In conj. phrase i gc.¤ (co n-) so that : i gc.¤ go measaim, Hackett² xxx 29 . a gc.¤ gur taosga . . . , Mac Aingil 162 . With Vn. a g-cail a n-imrisin do t-slánughadh aturra with a view to settling their dispute, Hy Maine 161.35 .

1 dath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dath or dil.ie/14728
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dath, dath, datha, dath, daith, datho, dathu, datha, dathe, dathai, dadha, datha, dath, dath, dath, datha, datha, dathanna, dathn, datha, dathann, dathan, dathannaib, datho, dath-, -dath, dub-dath, crón-dath, gorm-dath, oen-dath, aondatha, doel-dath, drech-dath, drech-datha, for-dath, dath, il-dath, ildatha, líg-dath, ór-dath, so-dath, soer-dath, dath, datha, dathanna

n u; the n pl. dath, LMU § 7 points to neuter gender; less stress should be laid on the eclipsis in the n s. SCC § 37 : dath nétrom.

RHYMES & ASSON.: dath : rath, ZCP viii 217. 11 : cath, vi 269 st 5 . Acall. 7592 . datha : Macha, CRR 32. 2 . : catha, Acall. 5871 . For further instances see Inflexion.

INFLEXION: n s. dath, Ml. 28 c 12 . Laws ii 148 &c. ; rhyming with iadad, SCC § 33 , pócath, TE § 10 , cath, TBC-LL¹ 265 , Findchad, Rawl. 158. 22 . daith frequent in mod. MSS, Midnight court 17 (similarly daithibh d p. ib. 417 ). g s. datho, Imr. Brain § 8 (: gretho), § 13 (: étatho). Wb. 5 c 19 . dathu, Laws ii 148 pass.; later datha: SCC § 31 (: Labrada, g s.). Fél. Nov. 15 (: catha, g s.). SCC § 34 (: flatha, g s.). LL 133 a 16 (: macha, g s.). Leb. Cert. 84. 9 (: lúireacha). dathe, Laws v 382. 18 . dathai, Fen. 140. 18 ; for dadha TE § 10 read datha. d s. always dath (: immarbad, Imr. Brain 38 ). n du. da dath , LL 16 b 41 . n p. dath, LMU 71. 18 . datha, LL 174 b 21 (: macha, g s.). dathanna Mod.-Ir. ( OCU 111 ). a p. datha, LL 149 b 29 (: flatha, g s.). Laws i 20. 30 . dathanna, Lib. Flav. 36 b 1. 9 f.b. g p. dathn , SCC §§ 33 , 37 , BDD § 106 , FB § 45 . datha LL 120 a 46 (= dath, LU 105 b 4 f.b. ), PH 1304 . dathann, Lib. Flav. ii 38 b 2. 19 (examlacht d.). Bedel Gen. xxxvii. 3 . dathan, 23 I 41, p. 5. 3 . d p. dathannaib, ZCP ii 303 . Gadelica ii 130. 689 .

I Colouring matter, dye : fuilled risin trían (sc. na roidi of the dye plant) gurup leath ó bias ina min nó na dath urlaṁ when it is in the state of meal or prepared colouring stuff Laws ii 420. 7 . ni thig dath ar bith gan ruanann, O'Cl. s.v. ruadh (glossing a quotation from Ds. of Ceilbe, Metr. Dinds. iii 54. 7 ). ó bláthannuibh na talman dogeibh sé dathanna, Lib. Flav. 36 b 1. 9 f.b. Cf. dathugud I and Scotch cha luidh dath air dubh luidhidh dubh air gach dath black materials will not take any dye Macd. 312 b .

II Colour in general, a particular hue or tint ; in the following instances used of the colours: bán, 1 brecc, 1 buide, corcair, croderg, crón, derg, 1 donn, dub, 1 finn, glas, gorm, rúad, úaine. Often connected with 1 lí, 1 lígrad.— is lí, gl. nó is dath, LU 131 b 33 . cen líga .i. cen datha LL 188 c 7 .. hic color dath, Ir. Gl. 1087 . adhbh .i. dath H 2.15A, 117 b . lath ised dath, Todd Lect. iv 134. 4 f.b. cen chaile nach datho chen chaile pectho without a spot of any kind Wb. 5 c 19 . mac in airiuch...dath fo leth a éduigh cach lae, Laws ii 148. 5 ; ib. 148. 8 . lígrad óir ┐ airgit...┐ datha cach thíre, FB § 2 . tibri uani tibri gorm tibri corcra dath nétrom, SCC § 37 (cf. topur co niumad datha, PH 1304 ). corcair co náldi datha, ib. § 31. 4 . cach dath atchí duine do guirm do bricc do buide is do chorcair LL 196 b . i fégaiter datha .i. find i mmoltar dub i naerthar brecc i fuacarar, RC xxvi 18 § 29 . co nd.¤ ┐ tóthocht, LL 37 a 17 . is álaind a ndath ar nim, Laud 615 38 a 1 (of the apostles). duibi a delb iná gach dath, BB 402 b 4 . a illdelbaig (emblems) ...arna forniamad a dathaib dathálli, TTr. 141 . ibar .i. ab ebore .i. ó cnáim elefante ar dath ┐ suthaini, O'Mulc. 700 . (cloch dub...bán...glas) cia dhíobh sin dath, TSh. 20. 8 . cóta diomad dathann, Bedel Gen. xxxvii 3 . anúair thaisbeanas sé (sc. an fíon) a dhath annsa chupán, ib. Proverbs xxiii 31 . daith an locha ┐ gorm na dtonn ag teacht...go tromm, Midnight court 17 . boladh dath ┐ cumadh aráin, Donlevy 242. 14 . Brightness : trí claidhmi coindli datha, Leb. Cert. 84. 1 .—Of the body: is annsin ba réill do chách díb (i.e. Adam and Eve) dath cuirp araile, MacCarthy 56 i . glór na ndiabhal as a ndath lór do phianadh na bpeacthach, TSh. 187. 2 f.b.Of the hair: trí foiltne co saine dath SCC § 37. 14 (ní hinand a ndath, ib. H). mong buide fair ...álli dath, ib. § 33 . folt trí ndath fair folt dond ... cróderg ... budi, FB § 45 . oenḟer forsa mbetis na trí dath ucut .i. in folt marin fiach ┐ in gruad marin fuil ┐ in corp marin snechta, LMU § 7 . ba cosmail dath ind ḟoilt sin fri barr nailestair...nó fri dergór iar ṅdénam a datha, BDD § 1 . cosmail fri túidlig nóir forloscthi dath a fuilt, ib. § 99 . ib. § 106 .—Of the colour of an animal: dath a ech, FB § 44 . it lóig it úain co ndagdath, Imr. Brain § 38 (v.l. co ndath). mucc co ndath oiss, LL 162 b 36 . deich ngabra donna datha, Leb. Cert. 84. 9 . marcṡlúaigh álainn aondatha, OCL 23. 7 . masat cethra co ndath cethra, Mesca 24. 4 f.b. elta co ndath elta, ib. 22. 1 . caora cruandatha, BS § 68. 5 .—Of the colour of the snow (opp. dath fola): fri dáth (dath, Eg.) snechtai, IT 69. 5 . is dath snechta corp, ib. 132. 5 f.b. úaitne i nd.¤ snechtai ┐ araile a nd.¤ ḟola, RC x 185. 24 .—Of clothes, &c.; also of the gold and silver embroideries thereon, as the following passage shows: étaige cen líga .i. étaige cen datha .i. cen imdenma óir is argait, LL 188 g 7 . Cf. dathugud II. caille aendathe, Laws v 382. 18 . áildiu cach dath (sc. in broitt) alailiu BDD § 99 . ní coill dath a mmaforta (.i. copchaille), Thes. ii 339. 4 . d.¤ a nétaich, RC viii 348 st 29 . corccra dath an inair sin, PH 2861 . —Of gold : úbhla ┐ d.¤ an óir órloisgthe orra, OCT 26.17 . BDD § 1 . —Of precious stones: araill a ndath asmirón .i. cloch co ndath nglas, RC x 185. 25 . Of plants: co nd.¤ losa liach, LL 47 a 44 . ACL i 340 . is dath síon and cech gruad, gl. nó is brecc, IT i 132. 3 f.b. cóimchlod datho change of colour: banna bec son de usci ┐ robúi buidetai bec fair do caomchlad a datha, Mon. Tall. 150. 37 . luibhi cen claechlodh a ndatha herbs that change not their colour Marco P. § 81 . gen. datho coloured , étach datho a coloured cloth: dá étuch dathu uime dia doṁnuigh, Laws ii 148. 7 . ib. 148. 9 , 13 , 14 , 18 . atconnarc étach ndatha (: flatha, gen.) SCC § 34 . .x. n-etaighe datha fichit, Tig. RC xviii 271. 33 . dechelt dathai a coloured mantle Fen. 140. 18 . cloch datha a coloured stone: dá marbad do cloich datha ba ruad rind, RC viii 354. 2 . ór datha = ór iar ndénum a datha. cloch atá i nDún dá lacha: is fiú a comtrom dór datha, FDG 751 . Cf. BDD § 1 . —cach datho, cech datho, cach oendatho; cacha datha of every colour: taitnet líga cech datho, Imr. Brain § 8 . móini dússi cach datho (v.l. datha), ib. § 13 . asraracht ...do imchaisin Maigi Breg. fóa lí ┐ fó bláth cach datha LU 130 b 22 . co gné gréne fair...┐ cacha datha archena FA § 11 . cét détach gach datha (sic leg.) bric, IT i 125. 15 . étaige cech oendatha impu, LU 85 a 26 . co nétaigib cacha datha, Acall. 2804 . co saine étaig cacha datha umpu, ib. 3423 .—sain datho, saine d.¤ , saine dath exquisite colours: trí huathnedha cu saine ndatha, RC x 185. 24 . in dá ech...co sain delba ┐ datha, LU 113 a 34 . édach co saine gacha datha, Acall. 414 . —datha écsamlai various hues or colours : dáig na nilgné filet forsind ḟult fil fair ┐ inna ndath nécsamail docorethar in folt fair, BDD § 106 . co ndathaib écsamlaib ina thimchell, FA § 11 . clúṁach iona raibh datha égsaṁla, Ezekiel xvii. 3 . datha éagsaṁla diverse colours Lhuyd.

III Of the face or skin, complexion, hue; esp. beautiful complexion; sg. or pl., cf. drech-dath or pl. drech-datha id. TTr. 1686 . a dath amar dhath an aeil (of a fine woman), Acall. 784 . Laeg i lLiniu lígda a dath, LL 22 a 20 . gilla óc is delbdu dath, TBC-LL¹ 265 . a dath is gilither géis uan fuinni dath a dá ó, BB 323 b 30 . Domnaill na ndath of the beautiful complexion BB 50 a 35 . a éicsin datha (: catha), Metr. Dinds. ii 48. 38 .

roscáil (docóid) mo dath my beauty is gone: roscáil mo delb is mo dath, Acall. 4584 . dochúaid mo delb is mo dath, ib. 4586 .

sóid dath, sóithir a dath, sóitir a datha: (a) he changes colour, esp. turns pale , like Lat. mutare (perdere) colorem: ní fess ca galar rodnuc acht a ḟagbáil marb sech nír ṡǽ dath ní ralob a chorp, LL 18 b 48 . (b) euphem. he dies : cen táṁ cen galar sói dath iar naifriunn, Fél. p. 158 at June 28 . dá tora rí Macha sáifiter a datha claifiter a ratha LL 174 b 21 ( CRR 32. 2 ).—Cf. soïd dies , sóid gné, sóid lí, caillid a gné.

conimchloi dath, conimchloither a dath, conimchloiter a datha, or only clóid dath id. (a) mac Olloman...atbath gan claechladh for dath, BB 46 b 16 = LL 128 a 5 . tócaibset in cend cen claechlo datha nó delbi de acht amal bid hí in úair sin rotescthái, PH 923 . fri cath ní coimcloitis dath, Rawl. 158. 22 . ZCP viii 218. 4 . rochlaochaigheas dealbh is dath B IV 1, 86 b (Buile Suibni). saoth lem do chnes rochlói dath, ib. (b) dar chlaechlod a dhath...ég adbath ua Muiredhaigh, BB 59 a 21 . na dá Fland ... farír roclæchlosed dath, Ériu v 242 l. 172 .—Cf. conimchloi, conimchloither a lí he dies, Sc. caochladh. (c) v.s. II.—Cf. dathchlód.

IV Transf. applied to the weather and the winds, the colours of the winds . Each wind has its own particular colour according to Laws ii 26. 30 sq.: rodelb dono [Dia] datha na ngaeth conid sain dath cacha gaeithe díb fri araile ...anair in gaeth corcra aneas in geal atuaith an dub, aniar an odur. Cf. further SR 53 sq. , 7948 and O'Dav. 692 : dotongar dar drúcht dar daithin .i. dar dath sína nó dar dath na sína dar gréin ┐ dar ésca úair grian ┐ ésca dobeir dath arna sínaib. Here probably LL 211 b 49 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 426. 15 ): tuc rí cach datha dá deóin ba turchar flatha fíreóin king of every hue. God is called rí na ngaeth (Gwynn), and Dia datha, Lib. Flav. ii 50 b 2. 6 .

V Fig. Outward appearance, semblance of something, esp. what serves to conceal the truth: dath fírinne the colour of truth: callide excogitant quod ad nuditatem eorum colore perueniant .i. dath fírinne do thochur tarais, Ml. 28 c 12 . fabulam perquam futilem. sgél goirrgech gan dath fírinne, BB 208 a (in the handwriting of Charles O'Connor) Éigse xvii 200 . Cf. the same use of dathugud, Keat. i 18. 27 . dath brécae a disguise, a false show, Lhuyd. O'Brien. a false dye, Macd.

VI Fig. Degree, rank, order ; Synon. miad, grád. This sense has been inferred from the following passages: Dia fadein dobeir datha ┐ gráda ardḟlatha, LL 149 b 29 . la cessad Secundi co slógud cech datha, Fél. Nov. 15 . It may also be sought in such passages as `a Domnaill na ndath' BB 50 a 35 , or `a éicsiu datha,' Metr. Dinds. ii 48. 38 , see III above. According to the Cáin-law of fosterage ( Laws ii 146 sq. ) the colour of the clothes varied according to rank and dignity: fo miad cháich éitid a mic ótha fer miudbu co ríg ( ii 146. 10 ). Satin and scarlet were prescribed for the son of the king of Erin ( sroll ┐ scarloit do mac ríg Érenn, ib. 146. 16 ), black, yellowish, grey, and blay clothes for maic na ngrád féne ( 148. 3 ). Similarly the colours were fixed for the mac in airrech, mac in airrech túis, m. in a. aird, m. in a. forgill, and mac na ríg.

VII In chevilles and at the end of the verse-line in various senses of the word: la Congalach cáem cen chair...oc Dollud di rechtga dath robíth Finnaechta fledach, LL 133 a 4 . Flaithbertach mac Loingsich...argg fo uair dorchad ṅdatha i nArd Molthach Mórmacha, ib. 133 a 16 . Donnchadh gan doirchi ndatha (: Murchadha), MacCarthy 420. 8 f.b. tosach suirghi caem a dath: ben is fer icompocath (leg. i compōcath or ic compōcath, ZCP x 374) IT i 125. 7 (TE). Hériu ria ndílind datha, LL 5 b 4 . Here also Thes. ii 292. 18 : is glae thegdais tórm rochloss...is tech ndagḟir dath atchí.

VIII a trace, hint, sign (?): ar cathbarr cen duīthi dath 'our helmet without trace of foolishness', SR (Greene) 2689 (of God).

IX In local names: ocus na cethri catha for Gallaib Glinni Datha the Foreigners of the Coloured Glen Cog. 94. 21 ; not sufficiently supported.

X COMPS. (a) dath-, see below. (b) -dath in cpds. almost exclusively in the sense of I; frequent with adjectives denoting colour: dub-dath, crón-dath, gorm-dath, q.v. Compare further: oen-dath, aondatha of one colour ; doel-dath the colour of the blackbeetle ; drech-dath or pl. drech-datha complexion of the face; for-dath = dath; il-dath: étach ildatha of many colours; líg-dath (lí-dath) bright colour ; ór-dath the colour of gold ; so-dath a beautiful colour (opp. do-dath); soer-dath a noble colour , &c. q.v.

MOD. dath, g s. datha; n pl. dathanna colour, complexion ; with ní or gan nothing at all, v.s. VIII; this latter usage is common in all districts, cf. Dinneen, whose examples are all taken from the spoken language: níl aondhath de ṁoill orm there is nothing to hinder me, Quiggin Dial. Don. § 136 . cha rabh a dhath a maith dí sin a dheanadh ach urad, Craig Derry People 30 iv p. 3 .

1 nach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nach or dil.ie/32906
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: nech, nacha, naich, na, nach, nacha, nacha, nach, nach mór

indef. pron. adj., really a proclitic form of nech used before a noun (or adj. used substantivally) and before 3 s. and pl. gen. pron. 1 aí, 4 áe. In sing. uninflected, except in g s f. nacha (g s m. naich occurs once in Glosses: naich baill, Sg. 5a5 ; cf. Fél. Prol. 136 ), inflexion in other cases being indicated by its effect on a follg. vowel.

In nom. and acc. sing. neut. O.Ir. uses the form na, geminating a follg. consonant ( nach gl. quod, Ml. 101a5 , the neut. being here a Latin word, is an emended reading); early in Mid.Ir. na gives way to nach.

Any, whatever, some . . . or other (corresponding to Lat. quilibet, quivis, quispiam), occas. verging on the sense every ; freq. used after a negative (= Lat. ullus), in Mid.Ir. generally so.

In affirm. sent.: nach aile, gl. alius quispiam, Ml. 78b17 . bit [leg. bid] failid nach oín adidtrefea whoever shall so dwell, 107a15 . nach gním dungenam-ni (gl. omnia studia nostra), 111d3 . huan duni fesin no hua nach ailiu, 49b8 . ho pecthib nach aili, gl. alienis maculis, 15b10 . imfolang nach gnima, 80d2 . tre thesbaid nach baill dind deilb, Sg. 5a5 . dochum nacha rainne aile to some other part, 188a12 . nach itge no guidiu any prayer that I pray, Fél. Ep. 337. nach mil conbeir deiche any animal that bears twins, Laws i 144.23 . tasfenad . . . nach rechta ro falnasat, 16.1 . oc deimnigud nach dligid confirming some law, Hib. Min. 4.129 . fo cosmailis nacha cat[h]rach, 7.219 . In more definite sense ( = Lat. aliquis) : is ar nach n-indocbáil móir fodaimim-se inso for some great glory I endure this, Wb. 23b12 . itá nách cumachta fora cul na n-én-sa there is some power behind these birds, SCC 7. anfimni ... nach sechtmain we shall stay ... about a week, TBFr. 152 (cf. Études Celt. ii 5 § 12 and n. 32 ).

After neg. : ní confil nach n-aile dumdísed-sa there is no other that could lead me, Ml. 78a18 . ní tabarthi dímess for nach n-énirt any feeble person, Wb. 6c19 . amal ni bad hua nach comthumus, gl. nulla compensatione, Ml. 63d2 . cen nach ṅdeligud without any discrimination, 69a23 . cen chaile nach datho without a spot of any colour, Wb. 5c19 . cen esbaid nácha mathiusa, FA 12 = nach LB. oengeal uile cen nach locht, RC xlvi 246.17 .

Folld. by gen. ái : ni nach ae it is none of them (answer to a question), Hib. Min. 6.198 . ní assu nach ai araili dib none of them is easier than another, FA 15. nicon ḟess . . . ainm naich hé for talam the name of any of them, Fél. Prol. 136.

neut. imned dom na lled dochood whatever direction I went, Wb. 17d7 . cen na forcenn without any end, 28a17 . na neurt derone duine di sunt any of these virtues which a man has fulfilled, ZCP iii 451.22 . Freq. folld. by adj. : na mmaith pridchas whatever good he preaches, Wb. 25c24 , cf. ná maith robé whatever good there is, 5d30 . na glan, gl. nihil mundum, 31b28 . ní tardad na mmór nothing great was given, Ml. 63d5 . cen na bec ndo síd without a little of peace, 51a5 . ní gabsat na mmár isin tig they did not take up much (space) in the house (?), IT i 137.12 ( LU 10583 ) = ni gabsat na mmor don tig, Eg. Cf. nicon ḟess na romar | ainm . . ., Fél. Prol. 135 (nach v.l.) ; `neither known nor very great is the name', Stokes; not known to any very great extent (advl. acc.) ? Folld. by gen. pron. : tairchella . . . huili dánu in spirto et ni torban na áe, Wb. 12b33 (`none of them profiteth', Thes. ; Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 212 , takes áe as g s n. = aught thereof, dán being masc.).

Esp. na nní anything, whatever (oft. folld. by partitive DE) : na nní bes chossecarthae whatever is consecrated, Ml. 63a6 . na nní robu accubur leu, 54a9 . comallait na nní forcongair Dia doib, 146a1 . na nní du fochaidib inotgam whatever tribulations we enter on, 96b5 . slogait na nní do uisciu doda-ic whatever water comes to them, 123d3 . condom-roib . . . na ní ara ṁbáigiu everything I contend for, Fél. Ep. 360 (nach ní v.l.).

In later Mid.Ir. na is replaced by nach : ni ros-corb nách n-anmanda no animal polluted him, PH 1512. ina ndrochfhéichem nach logait nach ni dia fiachaib, 4333 . tabair dom nach mbec do bíud a little food, 1309 . ní dernai nach n-olc, 2889 .

pl. ná bat nacha arm aili let it not be any other arms, Wb. 22d14 (n p n.). nacha sloglussu .i. nacha side són (gl. nullas indutias), Ml. 111b19 (a p m.). ho nach mindaib (gl. nullis insignibus), 35d16 (leg. nacha?). a mhiadamla . . . nad bai in nacha reduibh ailib in any other things, Ériu ii 106.9 (T. Bithn.). bail na fil aittreb nach n-anmand, PH 2082.

Often used in adverbial expressions such as nach airm (dú, maigen) wherever ; nach mod howsoever ; nach thain whenever, at any time, and the like : nach airm ata `homo' isin scriptuir, Hib. Min. 13.454 . nach mod formberat, Ml. 71c1 . nach thain (gl. si quando), Ml. 32b7 ; (gl. ne quando), 39a23 , 47c9 , 122b3 . nach tan dofurgaib int augtur brethir, Hib. Min. 12.410 . rosesium nach tan cusin fhailte fhorordai some time, PH 8071. ní imirchói nach géin for any long time, Wb. 7a11 (< cian), cf. 24d11 (but : noco bia na cein . . . sunn i pein, SR 2043 ). nach mór (dat.) to any great extent : ní tárbas a chumachtae hisuidiu nach mór, Ml. 65d16 , cf. 64d13 , Wb. 11d5 and Fél. Prol. 135 cited above.

Used alone as pron. before a rel. clause : nach adchi gataid a lám whatever she sees, Irish Texts i 5.15 ( = O.Ir. na nní) : perh. a mistake.

slaetán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. slaetán or dil.ie/37802

Forms: slaodán

n o, m. (slaet) name of a disease or illness. Cf. Mod.Ir. slaodán a cold : teidm galair coitchinn ar fut Erenn uile, risi n-abairthea slaedan, re hedh tri lá no chethair ar gach nech gur'ba tanaisti bais é, AU ii 442.17 . do fuaratar . . . scéla Sída do beith isin tslaodán sin, Caithr. Thoirdh. 53.30 . Fig. gan tslaodán chaile san chill (appeal to Irishmen not to let their virtue catch cold), Hackett xliii 63 . Usually s.¤ trom-galair: ro lécustair sláetan trommgalair chuci, IT i 121.15 . ro gabusdur slaetan tromgalair Fer óc tré tṡuilib na sochaide ┐ tre ḟormat in morsluaig, corus-marb gan anmain i cind nómaide hé, Acall. 5849 . Aed Baclám . . . ro ghabh slaotán tromghalair hé ┐ ro búi bliadain a serg sírgalair cu bhfuair sláinti iarum, SG 66.2 .

sotalach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sotalach or dil.ie/38525

adj o, ā (sotal) proud, arrogant : druthoglach s.¤ , RC xiv 262.28 = drúth maith ┐ óglach sotal, ib. 18 . Adv.: tusa do bhí . . . go subhach suaithnigh s.¤ , RC xxiii 8.13 . ag suairle salach do chaile . . . | . . . . | suaithteach sodalach focalach fáigeamhail, ZCP v 210.221 (Midn. Court).

2 tolg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 tolg or dil.ie/41327

n o, m. Also ā, f. (cf. 1 tolg).

(a) strength, force: aingel nach clé conn | daingean nach treith t.¤ , KMMisc. 257.5 . Tuatha Dē ba tolc tréine | im thuaith mBolc bāigsit rīge, ZCP xiv 176.1 . co tolcaib na tor talc tren | do orgain mac n-Israhel, SR 6767 . ri ros-delba cen talgga | hite remra roárdda, 363 . trén is t.¤ | tenn is tres | buaid is blas, Caithr. Thoirdh. 55.12 . bá mór a toilc menman, TFerbe 174 . ba mór in toilg menman ┐ aicnid ... ro bói i cridi cech óen dibsin, 305 . Maolmithidh tuilcc ordain aird, AFM ii 594.14 . Feradach don rothuilg ráin, Metr. Dinds. iii 266.5 . airiter fri trūagh fri t.¤ , ZCP v 487 § 12 (B. na f.). Eochaidh Mumho, t.¤ tuinne, Content. xviii 42 . éicne dubghlaise duinne | fuaim tuinne t.¤ fri h-alla, SG 388.10 . go nach brisi t.¤ na tuinne | misi is bord na luingi um láimh, SGS iv 62 § 14.

? ba uilcc thuilcc, matan rombi oc Glais chuilcc, AFM i 302.8 . ó rucadh rí nan n-each borb | t.¤ ō nech nī thār ar Tadg, ZCP viii 228 § 15 . isind orir toilge tóib | gnáithi óclaig for rind cróib, Fianaig. 26.10 .

(b) attack; breach caused by attack: airm itát na láith gaile anair isin cath berait toilg trisin cath síar, TBC-LL¹ 5773 . airm itāt ind lāith gaile indosa anīar ... berait toilc isin chath sair, TBC-I¹ 3530 . brisfid badb bid bríg borb | t.¤ for Meidb, TFerbe 108 . rofuc Medb ... tolc míled i cath na nUltach, 730 . dobeir M. t.¤ dermair i cath na Tr., Aen. 2620 . indarlat dofóethsad an talam fó cossaib ar threise na toilge ron-ucsat ┐ ar mét na feirgi, TTr.² 1847 . racrithnaigsetar ... risna tolcgaib trena, TTr. 1725 . rapad réil mo thoilg-sea ... i cumma chaich, TBC-LL¹ 5776 = 5868 . tainic an lán mara 'na múraib ┐ 'na mortolcaiph (—tonnaibh, —tulchaibh, v.ll.), BNnÉ 209.22 .

(c) gap, tear: ni tug t.¤ 'na hearraidhe na iona headach, RC xxix 112 § 5 . gan t.¤ ina taobhuibh sin | faobhar a ccolg da cabhair, 23 G 24 275 . umhlacht ionmhuin tuilg do thaoibh don dall, Ó Bruad. i 24.14 . tuilg na dtrí dtáirnge, 22.5 . ni tulg ina fhallainn, iii 168.8 .

Hence fault: i bpearsain tséimh an tréin gan tuilg, Ó Bruad. ii 180.8 . gan t.¤ cháile , iii 192.9 . tuigeadh nach tulg iona ionnmhus choidhche a ngláimh, i 126.14 .

(d) calamity: dealg athálaidh othras Taidhg | dar n-antráthaibh tochta an tuilg, DDána 79.1 . briseadh croidhe an t.¤ dá dtárras | t'ord i n-áras fhiodhbhuidhe, 122.10 .

Compds. ¤asnach strong-ribbed: atré an doigh derglasrach | assa tig t., ZCP viii 212.10 . ¤bruiden strong hostel: dentar dúinti ┐ dingnadha ┐ tolg-bruidne romor ... libh damsa, KMMisc. 312.23 . ¤búadris causing disturbance, dissension ? : cian o tái for tolg buáidris | timchell Banba ..., Celt. Rev. iv 20.28 . ¤buillech of strong blows: cosin Tolcbuillech Uisnig .i. Maelseachlainn mac Domhnaill, RC xxiv 202.12 . ¤dál strong assembly: dírge cech tolgdaíl tailce | fri torgbáil na drumslaite, SR 4271 . rosrethaig tolgdail triath tenn | iar torgbail Hierusalem, 6701 . ¤mór of great strength: ar in treib tolgmóir toebsoluis, SG 249.15 .