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amrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amrae or dil.ie/3201

 

Forms: ambra, amhra, ánradh, aimhre

adj I io, iā. ambra: cadla, LL 4891 . amhra: ánradh, O'R. Poems 3152 (see notes); : anma, DDána 13.5 . aimhre: hAilbhe, AFM i 174.5 . See Ó Máille, Ériu x 158 . wonderful, marvellous, extraordinary: a.¤ ō uerbo ammiror .i. adamraigim, O'Mulc. 40 . Freq. glossed by maith: amra .i. maith nó mirbail nó imat nó iṅgnad, Lec. Gl. 88 . ateoch ríg n-amra n-aiṅgel (.i. maith no mirabilis), Thes. ii 350.14 . amra .i. bona, 328.31 . Also Ériu xiii 63 § 25 ( .i. fír, 64 § 41 ), O'Cl. Hence of advice: comarli amra, MU² 183 . Dánfhocail 230 . Of a person: in mac a.¤ airdirc, Trip.² 2670 . bid amre in mac, LU 10919 . fri clainn n-amrai n-Israhél, SR 4186 . abb Irarda a.¤ , Fél. Feb. 8 . á rí úasail amri, Ep. 462. la cét martir ṅa.¤ , July 4 . maccáem . . . amra alaind tu, TBC-LL¹ 1851 . ba fhaidh amra `wondrous prophet', RC xxiv 194.4 . Of a place: airecol a.¤ , LU 11023 . suid[igud] ard a.¤ / tige túathaic[h] Temra, ZCP viii 108.10 . Of things: fertae amrai ili many wonderful miracles, Fél. Ep. 175 . mind amra, Cog. 30.16 . is amre lim rad ṅdé lib I am pleased, Wb. 7d3 . amre liumsa, 14a34 . Equative: coich boi . . . badid [n]amradair (amridir, amrathir, adamruigter, v.l.) .i. bad comhuasal fri C., ACC 65 ( RC xx 260 ). badad namhradhar, Blathm. 740 . nī tharla celtair talmain / dar dúil badit n-amraither (sic leg., GOI § 368 ; -rathor MS) `anything so marvellous', Fianaig. 14 § 31 . Compar. ní fil i n-Ére óclaig bas amru, LU 4861 (TBC). amru feraib, 3641 ( SCC 31 ). ní bu amru ro-cloth dó something (even) more extraordinary was heard of him, MU² 940 `not more to his glory was it heard of him', Gloss. mad amru imres slega, Ériu iv 98 § 26 . Superl. ri side as amram tic Erind, YBL 136a18 . can assa iarthur . . . ass amram forcan a gial[l]aigecht ? Ériu iv 162 § 24 .

As subst. wonderful person: is int a.¤ Ithidún, SR 4192 . i cath Charmain cetaib cend / i mbatar amrai Herend, LL 2283 . dia n-amraib `of their famous men', Metr. Dinds. iv 98.93 .

II Subst. io, [n.]

(a) a wonderful thing, wonder, marvel: imforlinged mór namri de gl. a great wonder has resulted therefrom, Wb. 15d21 . mór namri, 13a33 . dind amru durigeni dia erib, Ml. 67b17 . már ní son .i. di amru, 17a10 . boí már de amru inna flaith many wonders, LU 10115 . tri ha.¤ Glinne Dalláin . . . tri ha.¤ Connacht, Triads 236 - 237 . samlai / . . . do maic amhrai (= macamrai), Blathm. 26 (see note). Common with follg. gen. indicating what is wonderful e.g. amra tíre a wonderful country, IT i 133.2 . ba a.¤ retha `a wondrous course', Thes. ii 311.1 ( Hy. ii ). a.¤ maitne wonderful morning (of a battle), TBC-LL¹ 4973 . a.¤ (n-)a.¤ used as an exclamation: a.¤ n-a.¤ ol in slúag wonder of wonders, BDD² 165 . tucaid mo shéotu damsa . . . a.¤! a.¤! ol cách, TBFr. 290 . a.¤ bríg (bríge) used ironically: amra brīgi soin . . . acht ropom airdricse that is of little account provided I become famous, TBC-I¹ 571 . amra bríg can co rabur acht oen lá ┐ oen adaig ar bith, TBC-LL¹ 1111 . Perhaps in literal sense: amra brígaib, bág n-uide / sám fri sídaib sám-chuire a great wonder, a traveller's tale, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.15 .

(b) miracle: Brigtæ ba hóen a amra, Thes. ii 338.5 (Hy. v) .i. do ḟertaib Brigte, z. ba mó amru arailiu / din chloich dorigne saland, 338.1 (ib.). amhra .i. firt, Ériu xiii 79 § 252 .

(c) vision: amhra .i. aisling, O'Cl. ni chreiti[r]-sium físi na hamra na haislingi, TTebe 622 . lá dár chodailsion . . . dochí amhra, Arch. Hib. i 83 § ii . spirut a ffidhair amra ┐ aislinge, Fl. Earls 192.24 . amhra do chailg mo chridhe, / mairg re dtarla ar dtaidhbhse-ne, Dánta Gr. 44.3 . an tusa an bhean do bhí sunn / aréir tre amhra agum?, TD 40.1 .

(d) eulogy. In titles of poems etc.: A.¤ Choluimb Chille, RC xx 30 . A.¤ Chonrói, Ériu ii 1 . A.¤ Senáin, ZCP iii 222 , etc. Note also: in t-ámrad Senāin, ZCP iii 225.3 . sreath . . . rann d'am[h]ruibh ionáonaigh `of eulogistic quatrains fit for an assembly', Ériu ix 163 § 5 . `As these poems were used as `path protections' ( V. SS. Hib. i clxxix ) a.¤ comes to have the meaning charm, cf. Hyde, Abhráin diadha i 353 ', Plummer MS notes. See 2 amrath.

benaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. benaid or dil.ie/5647
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: benim, benaim, benai, benith, benaid, bennaid, benid, bentai, -ben, benas, benait, -benat, -rubaim, benair, benar, -bentar, -benad, -bentais, ben, benad, benaidh, benat, benar, -bia, -ruba, -rubai, -bethir, -ruibther, betir, -rubad, -rubaitis, -rubdais, no-m-bethe, bīu, biëd, bíthus, bias, bifas, -biter, bethir, -bífad, -bífed, mbíthe, beo, bii, b, bissis, bisius, bië, -beotur, -rubha, -ruba, -rubai, -rubi, rodmbi, ros-bae, robéotar, robeotar, robeobdar, -rubatar, -rubhradar, bíth, -rrubad, bíthi, bitha, -bítha, ro-bīthe, bethi

v See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 369 , 461 , GOI §§ 551 , 654 , 691 (a) , KZ xlvii 159. Indic. pres. 1 s. benim, Thes. ii 42.7 . benaim, LU 6170. 2 s. benai, TBC-I¹ 3592. 3 s. benith, Thes. ii 250.11 , benaid, Ml. 46d4 , LU 6206 , bennaid, 5213 . benid, TBC-I¹ 397 , bentai, 1201 (with suff. pron.). bentus, Airne F. 2.17 . -ben, 424 , Blathm. 98 § 26. Rel. benas, Corm. Y 1235 , Críth G. 556 , TBC-I¹ 3605. 3 pl. benait, Fél. Jan. 31 , June 30 , -benat, MU² 544. With ro-: 1 s. -rubaim, LU 6230. Pass. sg. benair, Ériu ix 47 § 19. Rel. benar, Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). 3 pl. -bentar, Ml. 91b3 . Indic. impf. 3 s. -benad, LU 9137 ( FB 88 ), 3 pl. -bentais, TBC-I¹ 30. Ipv. 2 s. ben, TBC-I¹ 3593. 3 s. benad, Wb. 20c8 . 2 pl. benaidh, Ériu ii 120 § 58. 3 pl. benat, TBC-LL¹ 5834. Pass. sg. benar, Ml. 93d16 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. -bia, Laws iv 124.10 . With ro-: 2 s. -ruba, TBC-I¹ 1596. -rubai, Críth G. 581. Pass. 3 s. -bethir, Ml. 36a5 . -ruibther, CRR 54. 3 pl. betir, Ml. 54a17 . Subj. impf. (with ro-) 3 s. -rubad, TBC-I¹ 2769. 3 pl. (?) -robeotais, Cymmr. xiv 118 § 19 ( Rawl. 132b35 ). -rubaitis, TBC-I¹ 806 , -rubdais, Metr. Dinds. iii 104.24 . Pass. sg. no-m-bethe, Ml. 39a19 .

Fut. 1 s. bīu, TBC-I¹ 3592. 3 s. biëd, Celtica xxi 200.6 . bíthus (with suff. pron.), LU 10481. Rel. s. bias, TBC-LL¹ 3453. With -f-: bifas, Rawl. 132b36 . Pass. pl. -biter, Anecd. i 44.4 . Rel. s. bethir, Blathm. 957 . Condit. 3 s. no bīad, TBC-I¹ 2942. -bífad, SR 5812 , -bífed, TBC-LL¹ 744. Pass. s. no mbíthe (nom bithe, MS.), Blathm. 506.

Pret. and perf. 1 s. beo, TFrag. 108.6 = AFM i 302.9 . 3 s. bii (disyll.), Blathm. 98 § 25. b, LU 1750 (ICM). -bí (= -bai, TBC-I¹ 696 ), LU 5176. Note also (with suffix. pronoun and intrusive -s-) bissis, RC xii 68 § 34 , bisius ib. Rel. s. bië (disyll.), Blathm. 279. 3 pl. -beotur, Corm. Y 698 (59.5) = -beodutar, Corm. 24 (gaire). With ro-: 1 s. -rubha, AFM i 242.9 (= RC xvii 177.2 ), 2 s. -ruba, Wb. 13d25 . 3 s. ro bi, Rawl. 88a30 , -rubai, LU 5334 , -rubi, BDD² 187 , rodmbi, Laws iv 176.26 . ros-bae, CRR 56. 3 pl. robéotar, LU 5110 (= TBC-I¹ 625 ). robeotar (beóatar, robeobdar, ro hortsat, v.ll.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.3 . -rubatar, TBFr. 60 , BDD² 695. Note also: go n-da-rubdatar, TBC-LL¹ 4384 (see Ériu xiv 118.1 ). -rubhradar, ZCP i 464.29 . Pass. sg. bíth, Metr. Dinds. iii 94.23 . ro bíth, RC xxiii 308.33 . -rrubad (sic leg.), Fianaig. 10.21 . pl. bíthi (bithi, MS.), Blathm. 203. bitha, RC xxiii 308.33 , -bítha, Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 52. ro bitha, Ml. 100b2 , TBC-I¹ 1373. ro-bīthe, ZCP xi 62.4 .

Part. see bíthe. vbl. of necess. bethi, Ml. 114c12 . Vn. see béim, bíth. Later with stem ben-, boin- (cf. boingid), bain- throughout (with ā-subj., f- future and s- pret.). See rubaid.

I

(a) beats, strikes: in O. Ir. gl. pinso, Thes. ii 42.7 , perculsus, Ml. 45d6 , pulsat, 46d4 , iecta, 123c17 . beanaim .i. buailim, O'Cl. b.¤ in t-aingel in sruth co fleisc, LU 2117 ( FA 18 ). bi ind ala slabrad suil ind rig, Ériu iii 136.2 . co mbensom dia durnn inna ētan, TBC-I¹ 423. fer benas dam óenbéimmim who fells an ox with one blow, Críth G. 556. bentai Cuc[h]ulaind cona claideb, TBC-I¹ 1201. b.¤ in talum o chois deis he strikes the ground with his right foot, PH 1337. benith galar (a charm), Thes. ii 250.11 . araile fer . . . robenad on crithgalur was stricken by, Lat. Lives 98 § 93. benfat na demna o phianaib examla me, PH 2231. (of a head of hair) b.¤ braine a dá imdae it strikes against (i.e. touches) the edge of his hips, BDD² 963. drud rú asa mbearna bheanaid `whose gap they strike at' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 859. an mheadh as lán dom lochtaibh / bean a clár dod chumhochtaibh `strike up . . . the scale weighted with my sins' (?), Dán Dé xxii 12 . Transfd. casts (a shadow): co mbentais foscod i medōn a dā gruaide (eyelashes), TBC-I¹ 30. reaches: benaidh immorro inis Breatan seach hErinn saerthuaid co cian (`extends', Todd Nenn. 31.2 ), BB 203b40 .

Of hand-clappers, bells strikes, rings: ben do chlocc, Trip.² 1370. clocán bind / benar i noidchi gaithe that is struck, IT iii 16 § 40 . benais Sencha bascrand, MU² 923. robenadur na cluic `sounded', ZCP vi 285.1 . benait cluig ┐ ceōlāin . . . uaidhip fēin `the bells and chimes . . . of themselves rang', Fl. Earls 52.2 . In phr. b.¤ (cloc) FOR (? AR), see II infra.

Strikes (fire), lights: co bethir gl. inuratur, Ml. 36a5 . roben in tenid Chascae = incendit ignem, Lat. Lives 5 § 4. do benusa teine ┐ doronus a fadodh, BNnÉ 69 § 114 .

Note also: F. féigbind ro ben bríg mbreth who passed weighty judgments (Thurn.), ZCP x 271.4 . With galar: benaim galar `I slay the disease´ Celtica xxv 252 . benim a galar, Thes. ii 249.7 . benith galar, 250.11 . See also 1 fris-ben.

(b) hews, cuts down, off: bíi Ququlaind a dī ord lāma ┐ a dī ortt coisse, ZCP viii 120.21 . bennaid Cu Chulaind omnae, LU 5213. do benuit leō roga ro-chleth . . . ┐ mīne mōirf[h]eda, ML² 1064. benat scíathu let them slash shields, TBC-LL¹ 5834. (of breaching, knocking down a wall) dia robenad in t-ochtmad múr, PH 8014.

(c) slays; wounds: beosa L. an[d] do chailg , TFrag. 108.6 (= AFM i 302.9 ). ra mbeótar i n-ecomlond, LU 6680 (= TBC-I¹ 2138 ). intī bifas nō genfas (sic) nech do slōg araile . . . arthús, Rawl. 132b36 . nad ro marb in bech rodmbi (glossed: ro gonastar e, 178.7 Comm. ) `the bee which stung him', Laws iv 176.26 . Eoin . . . do thriall tar sáil / is mó bhíth mé is do ghríos mé ná is mian do rádh `what has wounded me more sorely', O'Gr. Cat. 581.10.

(d) Of crops cuts, reaps; gathers: (of Adam) co n-aireadh ┐ co mbenadh gan allus, BB 16b2 ( ITS xxxiv 58.15 ). benaid in gort uile `they reap the whole field', Ériu v 116.14 . glenn . . . ina mbenaid dáoine ímforcraidh spísraid, Maund. 54. an chnú ní 'na bláth beantair, Dán Dé vii 15 . luibh leighis re báidh beanais with love (for us) He plucked a healing herb, DDána 48.1 . (of turf-cutting) mani bentar hi ina haimsir coir, Laws i 132.7 Comm.

(e) incises, engraves: ise in luathrindi sin robenadh i sciath C. that is the `luathrindi' (lit. ash-point) that was cut in the shield of C., Ériu v 72.23 . (of drawing Ogam characters) no da mbentar uile, LL 5338 ( Auraic. 5449. )

(f) takes (away), carries off: bensat giallu iar congail, RC xvii 145.14 . Of tax, tribute, etc. exacts, levies: mili dam mili bo benaim `I exact', 49.9 .

II With follg. adv. do ben a claidheamh amach drew his sword, ITS xix 44.4 . lér bhain sé a fhlaitheas . . . amach arís `recovered', Keat. ii 1089. do benadh luirech an ridire sin amuig `was captured', L. Chl. S. 38. do bean Úa B. . . an gealladh . . . ar aiss retracted, Expugn. Hib. 69. do benatar ar lár laim ris `they fell to the ground', BCC 132.

With prepp. With A takes from: in pars benar a hichtur in lithe `the particle that is cut off', Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). ercōit benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308.z. is tu rogab misi . . . ┐ roben fhuasgailt asum `got ransom from me', ZCP vi 285.8 . (of a rescue from a castle) go mbendaís an tiarla as d'áis no d'eiccen, AFM vi 2172.25 . do bheanadar as . . . they inferred that . . ., PublicRecords Appendix 40.22 . eunuchi . . . .i. na daoine as a mbeantur, 23 K 42, 94.18 . na h-ainmhíntidhe a mbaintear asta which are gelded, Corp. Astron. 90.21 . as e as adbur as a mbainter na catraca `that is the material from which cities . . . are formed', Ir. Astr. Tr. 36.7 . do benadh comnuidhe asainne forsan muir we were stayed, BNnÉ 7 § 22 . robenus lēim luthmur . . . as mo sdét made my steed leap, ZCP vi 65.9 . beantur fiuchad as `bring it (i.e. milk) to the boil', Rosa Angl. 94.2 . b.¤ custam as levies toll on: bentor custam as a n-eachroidh in gach baile dip, Fl. Earls 86.1 . b.¤ greim a see greimm. ? gan mo bhac, a Dhé, i ndeacraibh / ná beantair lat é as m'olcaibh, DDána 61.6 .

With DE takes from: robenaitt a lama ┐ a cosa donti dorone were cut off, Ann. Conn. 1224.3 . benuis screapall beg . . . de `broke off', Fl. Earls 34.17 . dobenadh a ceimniughudh de the power of walking was taken from him, Aisl. Tond. 107.3 . Of covering, clothing, etc. ben a erriud ┐ a étgud de take off his equipment and his clothing, TBC-LL¹ 4061. bensat a chroicend de `stripped his skin from him', PH 2146. bean an dá bhliadhain déag . . . do na hocht gcéad déag bliadhan úd `deduct . . . from', Keat. ii 1160. do ben minna da ṡíair fa marbad uile `he made his sister swear that she would kill them all', Maund. 82. go mbeanfaidhear cúntas 'na smuaintighthibh dhe an account of his thoughts will be demanded of him, TSh. 7304.

Various phrases. b.¤ céill, súil de, see cíall, súil. b.¤ cert de, see cert. do bhean Ír díobh . . . tosach `outstripped [them],' Content. xxx 4 ; cf. ag béin túsa d'íbh Táil, IGT Introd. § 38. ris an mbréig níor bhean dá mhóid he did not break his vow (?), A. Ó Dálaigh l 31.

With DO: lucht an bheatha dá mbeanfadh on whom it would fall (i.e. a deluge of rain), DDána 75.22 . do ben escor don nech the person fell, BCC 452.27 . do bhain a mhaoith (sic MS.) do gach fior affected everyone, Ériu i 98.32 . ro bhen a droch-dhiach dhó oir fuair a righedh ar carr `his evil destiny awaited him', AFM v 1818.12 . ní bhean th'aigneadh d'Eóghan thy opinion did not effect E. (i.e. E. was not of thy mind), Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 5 . dom anmain is eadh bheanas / an mac do bhí i mbraighdeanas the child . . . is my soul, DDána 7.21 . gidh cúich mé, a bhean, beanfad daoibh / madh áil leat leannán macaoimh I shall be yours, 67.14 . Caiter ḟíona .i. an chailleach dhubh do ben dó who adhered to him, Ó Héodhusa 42.8 . ní bheanann dúinn trāchdadh orra annso it is not our business to . . ., Mac Aingil 2586 . ní bheanand doibh offic Chriosd do ghabhail chuca `they have no right to', Carswell 225.

With FO: b.¤ foo (in ras. H) attacks them, LU 4874. bean far dtoirmisg-ne far dtoil try to prevent us from achieving our wish, DDána 95. 24 . má bheanann faoi ag mionsmuaineadh . . . ar na neithibh si if he happens to be thinking, Mac Aingil 360 .

With FOR (AR): forom-sa co m-benfat a n-osnaid ┐ a mmallachtain it is at me their sighs . . . will be directed, TBC-LL¹ 197. benais Medb béim n-aisce fair reproached him, 472 . benfait Ulaid form do lecud th'oenur sin cocrích, 1176 . ní bheanfa aimhleas no olc / ormsa inghean Con Connocht `Cú Ch.'s daughter will not charge me with hurt or harm' (?) Studies 1921, 589 § 8 . ro ben cotlud na haidhchi forro deprived them of, CCath. 2439. ni bhenabh sa a chuid don tsaogal fair, BNnÉ 182.15 . ar neach do bhean a mbúaludh / uabhur h'each mear dhā mūnadh `the mettlesomeness of your swift steeds . . . deprived a person of (the need of) beating them' (Notes), O'R. Poems 2535. nā benaidh amhiris for Dia imm immut a mirbhol do not visit God with disbelief (?), Ériu ii 120 § 58. b.¤ (cloc) for (? ar) lit. rings (a bell) against, hence excommunicates: gabais salmmu escaine foraib . . . B. a chlocc foraib, Trip.² 1303. cor benadh an Bernān Ciarāin (i.e. the saint's bell) fair, RC xvii 383.11 . benait co mBríg . . . / barr find for slúag enair they, together with . . . B., bring the host of January to a good end, Fél. Jan. 31. See 1 glas.

With FRI (LA): traig . . . isī benas fri lār touches the ground, Corm. Y 1235. is béss didu ind liacc benir (sic MS.) ilbeim friss gl. lapidem offensionis et petram scandali, Wb. 4d15 . fuair fearthain . . . / nochar bhean re brat an naoimh, Dán Dé iv 22 . in Brug risa mbenand tond, Ériu vii 219 § 6. ? co Luimneach lethanglas / frismbarca ben, iv 154.2 (see F 428.56). benum . . . frisna catrachaib filet fri toeb mara let us visit, LB 142a29 . acht co mbeantai (toccaibti, v.l.) mur friu `if only a wall were set up against them', Ériu viii 179.9 . inud in ro ben in nathair fris 'the place where the serpent had stung him', ITS xxxv 34 § 119 . Fig. touches, affects; is concerned with, meddles with: benad fria chubus fessin gl. opus suum probet unusquisque, Wb. 20c8 . benaidh rind labhairt ar aesaib(h) an domhain, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.7 . ná bean ris, Proverbs xx.19. Ronán . . . / Colman fria mbaig benaim `whom I entreat for their blessing', Gorm. Aug. 18 (? modelled on late Lat. use of pulsare in sense of rogo, see Du Cange s.v. 1 pulsare ). ara mbaig fris mbenab, Nov. 4. gach ní dar bhean le Tepoitt `all the possessions of T.', AFM vi 2146.19 . an té do-ní adhaltrannas . . nō bheanas ré mnaoi neamhpósda, Parrth. Anma 2495.

With I: b.¤ side sleg n-ind, LU 1522. suil beanfuighthear innte = before it be meddled with, Proverbs xvii 14.

with ó forms, derives from (gramm.): cia an t-éntuillréim dég iollraidh ó nach beantur samhlughadh amhuil, IGT Introd. § 2. ? aer o bard benar, Laws v 228.28 .

cailgid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cailgid or dil.ie/7733
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cailged

v (colg)

(a) pierces, punctures (with a weapon): fras cháoilṡleagh chailgios neach, Ériu ix 164 § 12 . mór faebar fultana ronar cailg, SG 321.12 . ? Ferdia a n-gliadh nar cailge (= cailgedh ?), Oss. v 142.24 . Fig. ar bhríb níor chailg a chreideamh, Celtica i 150 § 38 . amhra do chailg mo chridhe, Dánta Gr. 44.3 .

(b) stings : cailgit lena nerbollaibh (of scorpions), O'Gr. Cat. 213.16 . in tan cailgit [na beich], 28 . ge cailgind in bhech in duine, ITS xxix 117.23 . Cf. celgaid (c).

Vn. cailged.

cís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cís or dil.ie/9231
Last Revised: 2013

 

n u, [m.?] (Lat. census, GOI 172 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 209 ). Treated as neut. in: cis n-incis o anfine, ┐ cis n-infuilaing o fine, ┐ cis n-airdbide . . . ó fine ┐ ó anfine, Laws i 158. 7 - 9 Comm., hisa c.¤ , Trip.² 184 . Perh. occasionally as o-stem in Laws (see exx. below). cíos m., IGT § 34 . tax, tribute, cess, rent : c.¤ gl. cim, LU 8901 ( FB 68 ). mál .i. cíos, Eg. Gl. 472 . c.¤ gl. fiscus, Sg. 37b16 . athgabail treisi sloiged, ciss `distress of three days for hosting, rent', Laws i 156.27 . sáor ar chios gach cionaidh (leg. cionad?) fine(?), Ériu xiii 30.17 . re im dingbail cisa di-a tuaith `a battle to ward of rent', Laws v 300.24 . c.¤ égoir ro cuinge[d] ar an duini, O'Curry 2314 ( Eg.88, 24(25)b ). dligid císa mo dhuan-sa, H 3.18, 563 . dirodba indiunn / ar colno císu `may she destroy within us the taxes of our flesh', Thes. ii 325.19 (Hy. iv) glossed peccata, cf. cíos .i. peacadh, O'Cl. ro maith in rí a ch.¤ do Pátraic, Trip.² 187 . cána ┐ smachta ┐ císa fer nErend, LU 4207 . fis do ch.¤ co cert, KMMisc. 276 § 72 . in tan rochlomar clocān / ni furāil in c.¤ , ACL iii 313 § 19 . cis trom do-berthea forro, Ériu xvi 84.88 . do chungid in chīsa co Gāedelaib, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.y . conair chissa a journey which led to (their) paying tribute(?), Acall. 7008 . dlegaid claidme c.¤ a nglantai iarna tosluccad `swords are entitled to the tribute of cleansing them', RC xii 106 § 162 . tug sé c.¤ in da theallach sin leis, Stair Erc. 1647 . cíos na gcath ag cath Bhúille `income from their battles', O'Hara 4000 , see n. cíos mar dogheabhthair don Ghall `cess is got even by the foreigner', Dán Dé xxv 7 . DDána 58.26 . ar gnē chīossae a fforcionn gach mīossa `at a certain rent, payable at the end of each month', Fl. Earls 54.3 . cíos cinnte . . . mar chothughadh óna thighearna, TSh. 10075 `wages' Glossary.

With bés: nī dlig nach rī . . . cīs nā bēs nā gēill . . . don tīr-sin, Corp. Gen. 207.8 . co fessta a ciso ┐ a m-besu lais, TE 2 Eg. = fri commus a m-bésa ┐ a chisa dóib, LU 10716 .

With descr. gen. or adj. of particular tributes, taxes: cíos na hainnise, an mhairsil ’s an tséile, Five Pol. Poems 92.196 . cíos na hainnise chailleas mar mhéirlig, 41.127 . oc tobach in chísa Céssarda, PH 2488 . cios cosanta `protection tribute', AFM iv 1152.6 . cīos is cáin Ērenn, ZCP viii 108.21 . ni rig . . . do na tabar chis flatha `he is not a king . . . to whom the rent of a king is not given', Laws iv 50.23 .i. daeraicillnechta .i. braich, 27 Comm. atait secht neimid cethra . . . bo ciss flatha no eclasa, v 260.3 .i. bo bis ac imḟulang a cisa do ḟlaith no do eclais, 12 Comm. fine cis flatha, v 318.3 .i. in fine bis ag imḟulang a cisa do'n flaith, 9 Comm. do chuinchid chísa grotha ┐ imbi, Trip.² 182 . dobeiredh dham cíos a chinn `used to pay me tribute' (polltax), O'Gr. Cat. 349.18 . c.¤ (n-)inchis see inchís ? c.¤ láime see lám. folach cis lobair, Laws i 230.24 glossed imfulaing (sic leg.) cisa in duine troig, .i. diablad in cisa, 232.25 - 6 . c.¤ nemid tribute due from person of status; uracomol cis neimid, iv 6.10 .i. in ní fora firaccomailter a cis do neimed, y. Comm. do cuireadh cíos Phádraig ar Chonnachtaibh lé Gormghal mac Dín Dáthaidh `Patrick's tribute', Keat. iii 2527 . c.¤ rigdae gl. uectigal, Sg. 52b9 . saer na bochta . . . o'n ch.¤ rigda, PH 458 . fon cis Romanach, Todd Nenn. 70.14 . Cf. mo chíos bhróin rem chois dom chailg `my tribute of grief', Rel. Celt. ii 236.11 . See also Laws i 158.7 - 9 cited above.

With a variety of vbs. expressing levying, exacting, paying tribute: ben do beim císa orainn exact your tribute from us, Lism. L. 3195 . ic brith chīsa Muman. Corp. Gen. 406.10 . fer lé cumthar c.¤ ar coblach, Studies 1920, 418.25 . do ghlacadh cíosa na sealbha `rents', RSClára 49b . ac nougudh (ag gnougudh) a chisa ┐ a chana fein orro, RC xliii 58.9 . cīs in caistiaill d'icc, Grail 3430 . oc tobuch a císa, LU 10435 . Ellipt.: co ná fil . . . / rolamad c.¤ ar Cairind `lay tribute on C.', Ériu iv 98 § 25 .

With prepp. CEN (somet. mere cheville): slíab cen chísu `the mountain free of tax', Metr. Dinds. iii 302.61 . ar do croich cruaid cen cisae innocent(?), Ériu xix 12 § 6 . FO: fo chísu cacht `a captive under tribute', Metr. Dinds. iii 8.83 . us cora mac mucsaide fo chis, Laws v 456.5 . fir 's mná na cruinne fad chíos-sa (of the Cross), DDána 2.4 . suídhe fó chíos tributis serviet', Párl. na mB. 1309 . ro laiset Cenel cConaill fo chios doibh, Hugh Roe² 114.16 . I N-: ingen Rúaid berair hi c.¤ do Fomorib, LU 10439 . SECH: dochuaid sech císu co cert, LU 3065 `i.e. she was exempt from tribute?' Fél. 53 note.

In cheville (see also above): ba buan a c.¤ , Anecd. i 60 § 88 . 65 §134 .

Compds. With nouns: do shaigdis na h-uili seo . . . co Cormac na chischain as tax and tribute, YBL 140b6 . ní thardsad císchain doibh, BB 207b35 . roinn na cíoscána, BNnÉ 258.15 . cuairt ┐ cischanachus a chinid . . . do Ch. `tribute-rents', Fen. 120.7 . ¤-thoibgeóir see toibgeóir.

colg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. colg or dil.ie/10494

 

Forms: calg, cailg, colg, calg, cailg

n Also calg. ā, f. (a d s. cailg). Later o, m. colg calg (clog clag, v.l.) m., IGT Decl. § 69 . cailg f., § 14 . Verbs § 76 .

(a) anything pointed, piercing instrument : c.¤ sleighe spear-point , DDána 119.11 . Sinand na bferg bfuar / do treghd cuan a clag its point has pierced the harbour(?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 18.18 (`his sword reached many a [supposed] place of safety'). ? c.¤ tuinne re tir, 18.24 (`the wave's impact on the shore').

(b) sword, prob. small sword, rapier: `colgg' ┐ `dubcenn' duo nomina gladii sunt isin tṡengoedeilg, RC xx 276.1 (ACC Comm.). `gen' ┐ `c.¤' . . . / dhá ṡenainm cloidhimh curadh, Metr. Gl. 15 § 36 . faccaib a chailg inna comair. Dosbert si do chlam, Vita Br. 13 . colc oc mo choilcse, LU 333 (ACC Comm.) (.i. claideb, M). cethora calgu (a p.), LL 392d34 . c.¤ (.i. claideb), 36087 ( LU 9672 ). mosdísem calga de Galión gáir, LU 5424 (TBC rhet.). L. . . . / imbert choilgg for C., ZCP viii 118 § 29 ( Rawl. 88b19 ). ōenchalga clū `the fame of the unique blade', Jn. Celt. Stud. i 86.25 ( YBL 125b33 ). calcc i laim cechtar hai, O'Curry 887 ( H 3.18, 396ab ). amal ch.¤ `like a rapier', IT iii 199 § 59 . cona sciathaib cona ṅgaib / cona calcaib, LL 4949 . scél fo chulgc a bloody affair(?), 30088 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 404.14 ). calgg dart bragit or L. (a threat), 37217 ( RC xiii 446 § 30 ). ra gabsatar (sc. Cú Chulainn and Fer Diad) dá sciath . . . ┐ a n-ocht cuilg ṅdét, TBC-LL¹ 3557 . re dathadh c.¤ , DDána 79.24 (`reddening of swords', Ir. Monthly 1921, 246 ). c.¤ .i. cloidheamh, O'Cl. breitheamh ciuil is cúrsa is cuilg `judge of coursing, music, fencing', Ó Bruad. ii 180.ix . ? senóir cuilg cairt an Bhúrcaigh, Ériu viii 93.301 . Fig. lé c.¤ nó lé cloidheamh an chraois, TSh. 2465 .

(c) sting; stab, thrust; act of piercing, stabbing (in these meanings always cailg): cia adbela [in bech] dia facbail a chailce from leaving his sting behind, O'Curry 890 ( H 3.18, 397b ). a ninadh na cailgi . . . dá mbe an cailg a nairteri (of a snake bite), O'Gr. Cat. 213.19 . tre chailg (: mairg) an gha, DDána 39.34 . i gcailg chagaidh, 73.18 . do-niad cailg abhla na haithne, 31.7 . Fig. ag cailg riaghla mic Alphroinn i.e. undermining the faith, Celtica i 150 § 41 . ro ghabhsat accá ccailcc ┐ . . . accá ttolladh, AFM vi 1970.8 . cailg a sting, Eg. Gl. 173 . cailg an bháis, 1 Corinth. xv 56 . ag soin uaim mo cheisd gan chailg (: mairg) without a quip(?), Content. xxvii 18 . Of satire: a Chiaran cailg carai / rob mairg mas do m'aerad, BB 299b24 . gnúis charthonach gan chailg n-aor `never stung by satire', Studies 1921, 589 § 8 . ? ag so cailg na fine ó bhfuil / file gach aird dá fhéachain the bane of his people, DDána 102.36 .

(d) awn of barley, wheat etc.: gran . . . ┐ he lom .i. cin c.¤ , Laws iv 94.17 Comm. ? itir chimedha culg .i. in cimidh so is ann bís itir c.¤ ┐ caithlech .i. itir c.¤ a cimidhecht .i. ag foghnamh, O'D. 845 ( H 3.17, 602 ). cnet do chulg (caused by healing of wound over an ear of barley), Corp. Gen. 405.5 . cruithneacht . . . / ar bhfás a cuilg 's a cunnuill, Aithd. D. 94.29 . m'uan beag cáidh . . . / . . . gan cháith gan chailg gan cheó (of one who had died young and innocent), Hackett xii 16 . By extension: do mhaol c.¤ bhar ndaghbhrat ndearg `rough nap', Magauran 370 . ar mhalaigh as chamdhubh gcuilg `curling dark crest', 996 . Cf. `c.¤ the coarse fibres of flax', Duan. F. Gloss .

(e) Fig. fury, rage : ticc an peist neimhi . . . go ccolcc mór fuirri, BNnÉ 5 § 14 . maircc thuilles om cléir a ccailcc (chailg, v.l.), 286 § 273 (`hostility'). d'fhreagair Gobhann mo ch.¤ , Oss. vi 112.17 . calg ionTaidhg air `furious as T. used to be', Ériu xvi 134 § 39 . ní léir c.¤ mar a ch.¤ soin (of a lion), Aithd. D. 16.22 .

Note also: cruith .i. cailg nō glic nō crōdae, ut est: ... frim odrubairt (imatrubhairt, v.l.) cailg co cruith, Corm. Y 386 .

Compds. With nouns. caismerta na ccolccbuidhen `the armed troops', AFM vi 1882.9 . For colg-dét see 1 dét. in claidem ina coilgdírgi `blade-straightness', CCath. 5252 . ar colg-deis do claidim pointed blade, MR 160.15 . ar colgdiasaibh cloidhemh, LL 409a22 . colglonga `martial warships', Caithr. CC 45.1 . ¤ṡnám(?): leth eo cednama, no eo colgnama: "eo colgnama, cach na cel", Laws v 40.24 Comm.

With adjj. calgard .i. díreach. ard amhail cholg .i. amhail chloidhim, O'Cl. fertsi crúadi colgdírgi, LU 8596 ( FB 45 ). Adv. co coilgdhirech, ZCP vi 279.z . cath-beim colg-duaibsech claidim, MR 116.22 . in carpat . . . go creit . . . chlessaird cholgḟata, TBC-LL¹ 3376 . in colglaemdha Ceallachan `C. of the flashing sword', Caithr. CC 2.27 . co cródha cailccneimhneach (adv.), AFM vi 1956.23 . do cloidmib cruadgera colgriigní (sic), BB 431b11 . fir cholgshnasda, DDána 87.9 . With Part. ¤ṡnaitte: .l. claideb colgnaiti with engraved blades, LL 7282 .

comair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comair or dil.ie/10630

 

adj in front of: c.¤ caich `before every one', Thes. i 713.28 . roherbadh do cethnait comhair a tighe techt ina lías, Ériu xiii 27.21 . c.¤ .i. a farrad, O'Dav. 576 citing this ex. c.¤ a taeib `overagainst', RC xii 66 § 33 .

Us. with prec. prep. (a) with, accompanying (us. i n-): céle cháich i gcomhair a choimdhedha, Ériu xiii 20.3 . hi comuir for moethloingsich `in the company of', Blathm. 23 . faccaib a chailg inna c.¤ , Vita Br. 13 . i ndáil a hinailte boí i c.¤ C.C. i ndormainecht, LU 4695 (TBC). an ball fil am c[h].¤-si `in my charge'(?), BColm. 92.20 .

(b) in front of, in the presence of (ar (for), do, fo, fri, i n-, ós): for c.¤ a craidhe `opposite his heart,' CCath. 2027 . ar a ch.¤ immach, MU² 451 . ar comuir na náo around(?), Rosa Angl. 56.12 . diúltadh ar a chomhair féin ag gach focal díobh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 4.14 `i.e. each has its own neg.', 111 . do comhair an inaidh over against the place, BCC 156 (160.9) . gonfat cach fom' comhair I shall slay all before me, BB 426b43 . atú fad chomhair, Dán Dé iii 12 . rongabh re c.¤ a chnis he took Him to his body, RC xxxvii 348 § 62 . tic . . . co mboí hi c.¤ na hingini, LU 10440 . ind rāith i c.¤ in dairḟeda, Misc. Hib. 25.3 . ina c.¤ , BB 497a31 . ticed si im choma[i]r-se co M. to meet me, ACL iii 309.22 . as do chomhair `before thee', Fl. Earls 116.6 . ós cómhair cháich, Oss. vi 14.3 .

(c) for (the purpose of), in preparation for, with a view to (ar, fo, i n-): ar c.¤ cacha cóicid to deal with(?), MU² 10 . ar c.¤ na troda da thornem in order to abate, Ann. Conn. 1315.11 . bean fad chomhair do cumadh, Dán Dé vii 21 . na pianta . . . do bhi ullamh fa chómhair luchta an uabhair, ZCP iv 400.8 . boi iasg lais fo c.¤ C. (a guest), BNnÉ 110 § 42 . fa c.¤ na tíre d'arccain, AFM iii 232.9 . téiged cách na ch.¤ chucu for it (i.e. battle), LL 37705 . robūi a c.¤ fritholma na foirne `kept watching the crew', Fianaig. 72.6 . Dia féin a comhair a chrochtha, IGT Decl. ex. 1102 . a c.¤ in brātha do mhétugad, RC xxiv 378.22 .

With added prep.: hi c.¤ dond insi sin, Anecd. iii 68.7 . i gcomhair leat `on your side', Content. xvi 120 .

See cóir 9 and Párl. na mB. Gloss . ? Note also: co tu[d]caid la taob in mara co comor treibe Ocind `as far as opposite', Dinds. 26 = c.¤ , BB 365a33 . co comuir mara Adriat, Rawl. 78a45 (cf. commar).

In phr. cinn ch.¤ see 1 cenn.

Various: dobeir . . . mo cenn a comhair cétḟuilt (: Codhail), Prolegomena 45 § 23 . an comhair do bai F. ┐ D. a comrag `while', Hy Fiach. 96.11 . masa c.¤ (chomrain, comhrair, comruin, v.ll.) conaigi / cruides ecna runmair, ZCP xiv 72.11 . erig didu on ch.¤ a naimsir thesbaid, YBL 85a19 (text uncertain).

2 cor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cor or dil.ie/12407

 

n heart(?) (B. na f.): cor sreng a c.¤ a harc dæ dibh so that it tore the heart(?) out of the body of one, ACL iii 311.5 . mo ch.¤ do chailg in mo chliú, O'R. Poems 2142 (see note). Cf. 1 corc.

cos

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cos or dil.ie/12566
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cuis, cos, cas, coisi, cois, chaissi, chais, coss, chois, cosa, cossa, achossa, cossa, chos, chosaib

n ā, f. On d s. cuis, Thes. ii 245.36 (Cambr.) see GOI 48 . cos f., IGT Decl. § 39 (91.11) . cas f., § 40 . (g s. coisi, d s. cois; proscribed forms: don chaissi , Decl. ex. 1124 . red chais (: glais), 1125 ).

(a) foot, leg (of human beings and animals): coss a cospite .i. ō eirptiud (.i. ō erlonn). Coss latine cosus .i. cos bruinde, O'Mulc. 246 . n s. coss gl. pes, Wb. 12a20 . 21 . 23 . a s. chois, Ml. 56b1 . n p. cosa, Tur. 65 . cossa, Wb. 12b4 . Ml. 111b14 . 126c17 . v p. achossa, Wb. 12a33 . a p. cossa, Ml. 111b17 . 89d14 . g p. chos, 126c16 . 138a2 . d p. chosaib, 126c17 . bithi cloi tria cossa, Blathm. 51 . fuil chuise `a wound on a foot', BCrólige 63 . cinta coisi trespasses (?), Laws ii 46.8 Comm. secht meóir cechtar a dá choss, TBC-LL² 1199 . bulli da choiss kick, MU² 880 . cor coise trip, Magauran 1192 . rogab a choiss fón chlerech, RC xiii 106.w (`a mark of respect', n.). mairg cois isa bond fa ṁbris, ACL iii 237 § 21 . coss chraind `a wooden leg', RC xiii 80 § 84 . cossa cinn ind eich forelegs, Cóir Anm. 125 . itir a da cois tona hind legs, Laws ii 240.4 Comm. do cois mairt (as weapon), RC xvii 406.9 (Tig.). cosa dunta webbed feet, Rosa Angl. 324.16 . cos dubh (a bird), Eg. Gl. 124 . ? do cach fior díob ba cuit choissi / lán a bhoissi do ghrán glan, SG 20.8 .

(b) stem, support, handle, shaft of various objects: huanaib cosaib hilignidib gl. lectulos . . . illigneis pedibus, Sg. 33b8 . atchiat insi . . . for óenchois on a single column, LU 1936 . delg ara cuirit[h]er a ch.¤ , Corm. Y 301 . sreth . . . di bretnasaib . . . ┐ a cosa isind fraigid pins, LU 1709 . luibne na mér na lāime, ┐ c.¤ eissib sūas ind rig, Corm. Y 447 . ainm lestair . . . ┐ a choss triana mhedón, Corm. 18 . adbur coisi in rama, Laws v 488.24 Comm. im chois a altoire, ii 120.8 (text printed as Comm.). foirchrédh a ch.¤ (of an `escra)', Ériu xiii 41.13 . ailen . . . ┐ in muir . . . do cach aird uimmi acht oench.¤ eascra ind namma isthmus, CCath. 3412 v.l. See escra. amail didniu[s] side (i.e. an dos) in cois bis fai `stem', Laws v 28.2 Comm. fa chosuibh a caeimhleptha, Acall. 791 . c.¤ cech losa, Ériu ix 66.4 . fo cosoip fulaing na n-iudus `under the supports of the turrets', CCath. 3537 . feadh coisi casabhair, IGT Decl. ex. 949 . deargfa a chais nduinn (: bais) (of a spear), Magauran 3058 . buille dá chois (of a crozier), ZCP ii 556.19 .

(c) Metr. is cosin (c.¤ in?) ndīalt sōn, Corm. Y 447 (37.13) .

(d) infantry, foot-soldiers : sloig L. eter chois ┐ ech, ┐ choin, IT i 46.27 . eter cois ┐ cairptheach, Aen. 1179 .

(e) In phrases with prepp.: immáteged cách dia chuis (: nuis) on foot, LU 2994 . [a] chur dia chois `was . . . dismounted', AFM v 1780.12 . don choll gan chor dhá chosaibh without being felled, Duan. F. i 35.6 . da cois near him, TTebe 4206 . is mor maidm dober da chois `besides', Fen. 88.3 . bieit anamait foa chossaibsom gl. scabellum pedum tuorum, Wb. 32c13 . atabairt fuchossa gl. humiliatos . . . gentiles, Ml. 67c2 . fo chosaib aurdragh at the mercy of spectres, TBC-I¹ 453 . fa a chois, DDána 119.4 `níos lugha ná', Gloss. mucc ┐ ag fora coiss on the hoof, RC xiii 444 § 24 ( LL 37202 ). for a cois `standing' (of furze), Laws i 172.14 Comm. mo chíos bhróin rem chois dom chailg beside me, Rel. Celt. ii 236.11 . a gcinn le cois a gcána `as well as,' Content. xxvi . re cois aoise `except for his being old', xiv 24 . fiche bliadhain is bárr re chois `and more besides', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 342.21 . se fein dochuaid i cois in dilsidh `to watch the condemned prisoner', Laws v 486.7 Comm. muna frith slabrad eile do bertha fair, no nech eile do deachsa[d] ina cois is slan do sum . . . do dol ina cois to guard him(?), O'D. 443 ( H 3.17, 341 ). degla go rachadh cechtar aca a gcois a chonartha aran bfer eile `go back on the bargain', Ériu v 172.148 . do gheall . . . éiric . . . ┐ go rachdaois 'na chois evade it, Atlantis iv 186.36 . an geall[adh] thugamar . . . as nár linn dol na chois, RC x 345.17 . 'na chois `along with him', Auraic. 76 . da m-beinn-si do rer mo coisi . . . a muig `were I outside and at liberty', Celt. Rev. iii 302.6 . rotairisetar a n-inadaib a coss `they remained where they stood,' CCath. 5686 . ? bruth d'echaib . . . / do mnāi ra comlund a chuiss `racing . . . on foot', Fianaig. 48.20 .

Adv. cossaib tírmaib dryshod , SR 7679 . Ériu ii 198.10 . v 34.24 . cos i cois `a foot for a foot', Laws i 8.6 (Introd. to SM). cois (c.¤, v.l.) ar cois frisin marcsluagh foot to foot (i.e. in close combat), CCath. 5709 .

Prov.: cos fo coraith (of useless undertaking), Bürgschaft 30 § 81 . ni ar aonchois thainig Pattruic go hEirin i.e. I have another string to my bow, Luc. Fid. 4991 .

In n. loc. a n-dúthaigh Chois Daoile along the Deel, Hy Fiach. 334.2 ó Chois Machan, Keat. Poems 228 .

Compds. With nouns: d'eachaibh . . . ar n-a gcaischleas, Magauran 834 . im dibh coscolptaib dho `calves', CCath. 4663 . innacoschométide . . . costigthith (both gl. p[a]edago- gorum, with paed- taken as Lat. ped-), Wb. 9a11 . rogab a coiseitigh iar n-ichtar, Grail 1275 . cos galor, CS 256.3 . huachosglasaib gl. uinctos conpedibus, Ml. 83c10 . cual do coslámaib `a pile of arms and legs', Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.39 . Cf. fá cendchoslámaib na cath, 113.4 . cossogam .i. mera da laime ar son na feadh imon lurgain, Auraic. 5779 . colg dét iarna chossliasait chlí `thigh', TBC-LL² 4406 . cais-slighe chuige, Dán Dé vi 13 ` foot-road (?)', Gloss.

With adjj. a cná cosbuide, SG 347.23 . dam . . . coisfhiond (cossind, v.l.) white-legged, ZCP xiv 400.3 . ar dá n-echaib . . . cosscháela, TBC-LL² 2918 . go siobhlaidís . . . coslomnocht, RSClára 76a . C. coslūath, ZCP viii 118 § 18 . co herard . . . coslūthmar, MacCongl. 83.27 . ossé cossalach, LU 7767 `dirty-footed (?)', BDD2 Gloss. in t-ech aile . . . coseng, LU 6490 (TBC). With adj. derived from noun: baccaig ┐ coss-gallraig (as subst.), PH 4399 . i n-ecusc na Bhrathar Coslomh[nacht]a 'in the habit of the Discalced Friars', AI 392 (s.a. 1302.2).

2 druit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 druit or dil.ie/18885

 

Forms: truid, druid

n f. truid, druid, IGT Decl. § 14 . starling: elta druiti, MU² 466 . druide ar dairrtig adrub[r?]ad ar deghsluagaib Desmumhan starlings on a church roof (prov. indicating timidity), MR 124.5 .

COMPD.: druidelta (: chuidechta) do chailg ar gcion a starling flock, O'Gr. Cat. 556.22 .

See truit.

éislis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éislis or dil.ie/19885
Last Revised: 2019

 

n f. IGT, Decl. 66.14 . disregard, disdain, contempt, neglect: eislis .i. faillighe no dimbhrígh, O'Cl. coig anmand cinath conlat ar andug: fa(i)ll, eislis, elgon, imraichne, anfot, O'Mulc. 456 . cid missi not gaba [sc. in mac] ni epelai faill no esliss if it be I who take him neglect or contempt shall not destroy him IT i 141.24 (= na héislis lemsa, 141.10 ). mana follaigter tre eisles unless neglected through contempt Laws ii 234.1 = ZCP xiv 346 ( .i. mana follaigter tre dimus, no tre ailsed leasa, tre eisles .i. tre ḟaill ḟrichnamha, Laws ii 234.9 ). dilius cach turcreic iar fognum techta cen meth, cin follugad, cen elguin, cin ecell, cen eislis 'ohne Geringschätzung' ZCP xiv 364 = Laws ii 268.12 . toirsiu cin esliss, omon cen dercoined, ZCP iii 447.6 . a ṡrian ma chend lecar leis | co tí cen ḟell cen eisleis, Metr. Dinds. iii 454.64 . eslis for timna rig nime | is ed dober daib in digail, Snedg. u. Mac R § 73 . doberat eislis for timna nDé, RC ix 24.15 . is ail ┐ aithis ┐ eisleis tucusa urri, Acall. 2782 . dorat orum aithis... | tócbhaim mu láim ...ndeis | nocha ndernas ann eisleis | doradas dorn dara bhél I did not treat it lightly (?) (hesitate ?) 1427 . lebaid ...d'ór is d'aircet gan eisleis, 794 . Fert Caín... | rosamlad ar mo láim deis | rop adbar áig i n-éislis, Metr. Dinds. iii 228.28 (cf. note on p. 518 ). a cheol nír ceol co n-eislis, Acall. 638 . a cur ada dernainn deis | re ndul do snam gan eislis to put it [sc. a talisman] in thy right palm...without fail ZCP x 345 § 10 . fuair a iomcoimhet gan eislis `was carefully kept in confinement' AFM vi 2262.4 . an tán na fuairsiott...élang na eislis forsan fforcoimhed baoi forra, Hugh Roe, 272.8 (f. 72a) . dus an ccaomhsatais d'éislis [sic leg.] no d'etim rochtain...co S., 278.24 (f. 74a) . occa rádh nar bo cóir na Gaill do telgadh as na hiomchumhgaibh a mbátar ┐ na fuighbithe in éislis do ridhisi, dia n-ernaitis uaidhibh an tansin 174.18 (f. 47a) . Cf. Ri cen grāin...cen greis | nim ḟail bith inna heisleis, SR 2562 .

do-beir é.¤ with gen. or inf. pron. of obj., despises, contemns, neglects, disregards (see KZ xlviii 48 ): manat aigter ind gille...nipa mor do brig lais ┐ dotberae eislis will treat thee with contempt Mon. Tall. § 37 . Cf. gille dano ...ni hecen aithrigi disuidiu arnachoarda [leg. arnachattarda ?] eislis, ib. ni thabraim eisliss na ngeinti I do not ignore (neglect to take into account) the Gentiles Ériu vi 122.7 . do-beir i n-, d(o) é.¤ id.: ba crúaid fri crúas ar náchattarda nech i n-éislis, Tec. Corm. § 30.8 = Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i p. 18 . ní thar[a]t ócu i n-éisleis was heedful of warriors Metr. Dinds. iv 46.60 . ní tharat Cellach i n-eslis O. C. was on his guard against O. LU 53b24 = Anecd. i 16.9 . ro raidi Ionathán fris | Saul na tabair d' eisleis be on thy guard against Saul SR 6110 . fearr duibh na tarta a n-eisslis, Anecd. ii 66.2 . intí tuc lebar aiffrind...i n-esliss, PH 7334 . sochaidi dorochair leiss | nirbo thabarta d' eisleis he was not one to be disregarded RC xiv 422.2 . nipa tauartha-sum a n-eislis, Anecd. ii 63.12 (a n-om., v.l.). cé dogénsam ainmne uime frisin cédgreis | ...ni coir a tabairt i n-eislis, ACL iii 295.22 . conid tabartha i n-eisleis in fer-sa o shunn, ZCP iii 3 n. 5 . léicid i n-é.¤ neglects, disregards: tre ionnarbadh na mna...na rom léigfedh a n-eisliss dom chailg etir bheacha who would not have left me uncared for, to be stung FDG 256n. ni ro leiccsiot somh i n-eislis innsin uair do ruachtatar gan anadh they attended to that (order) AFM vi 2122.24 . ro hathnuadhaighthe...gach eglais rolécthi i faill ┐ i n-éislis ii 1084.9 . nis relicc ÓD. a muintir i n-éislis ar no biodhsomh...etorra & na Gaill dia n-imdeghail, Hugh Roe, 264.12 (f. 70a) . pl. tennait a n-eslesa .i. letrait gach aon doberait aillsedh fora leas `they cut their negligences' O'Dav. 1542 . Attrib. gen. (?): nir bo hétir ar nar bo heislise, BB 65a26 = Tec. Corm. § 19.29 v.l. aos éslesa caīch 'der Menschenschlag von kurzsichtiger Nachlässigkeit', Akten Linz 139 § 11 . briathar eislis, ZCP vii 302.9 may be corrupt.

1 foich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 foich or dil.ie/22816

 

Forms: puith, focha, puith, puithedh, bhfutha, fothaibh

n f. (Brit. loan, Ped.; O'Rahilly SGS iii 63 , later also puith, see below).

(a) a cankerworm: gl. eruca ( Joel ii 25 or Amos iv 9 ) Thes. i 2.13 .

(b) a wasp: gl. vespa Thes. ii 43.7 . an ḟ.¤ neimhneach bhíos dhá chailg , Content. xvi 6 . saithe demna hi richt foiche, BColm. 86.7 . na focha (a p.), ib. 11 . áit i bhfuilid ... foiche ar foluamhain, TSh. 6681 . saithedha beac[h] ┐ foichedh, CCath. 4782 . a n-aghaidh urchoide na mbeach ┐ na bfoitheadh, 23 K 42, 331.17 . saithedha ... saighdiúiridhe ... fo cossmhailes foichedh fírbheach `swarms of bees' (?) AFM vi 2224.3 .

puith: apes et vespe habent aculeum .i. bíth cailg ac na beachaibh ┐ ac na puithibh, O'Gr. Cat. 213.25 . g p. do cailg ... na puithedh ib. 3 . (Fig.) iongnadh an iomaidh si chluinim ... ag futhaibh ` wretches ' Ó Bruad. i 122 . g p. ... na bhfutha , 126 . d p. dina fothaibh (contr. with `fírbheach') iii 202 (but these may belong to 1 foth, q.v.).

? Mil nad focair a aidid ┐ foich a forus, O'Curry 815 ( H 3.18, 376 ).

Cf. nodgoin co nderna criathar focha de, LL 273a37 ( RC xiii 395 ). focherdat a ngai fair co nderna criathar focha de, TTr.² 1324 (where Stokes would read fotha and render ` sieve of the mill's feed ').

lucht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lucht or dil.ie/30908

 

Forms: locht, luct, luchta

n u, m. Also locht. luct, Wb. 12b18 . 14b6 . g s. luchta, Laws i 34.18 Comm . IGT Decl. § 72.

I Contents, charge . Of cooking pot: in cētl.¤ . . . rolāad don indiūn . . . In l.¤ tanaise dorala don teinid randais iterum , Corm. Y 1018 = Corm. p. 35 . milsem lochta airigid `the sweetest part of a meal is the honorific portion', Tec. Corm. § 31.27 = Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 19.22 . in l.¤ / tri cét mucc is tri cét bó (of cauldron of Dún Cuirc), Metr. Dinds. iv 336.7 . bruith in lochta, Rawl. B 512, 48a (Plummer MS. notes). molt rismbenad ucht araile / ba hé l.¤ in choire cóeim, LL 296a26 ( SG 362.16 ). da dam deac l.¤ in chori, 4983 . mír dotluchestar dind l.¤ , Thes. ii 339.3 ( Hy. v 47 ). tricha haige l.¤ in choire sin, RC vi 187.15 . fodaleth in l.¤ isin pauperibus, Irish Texts i 4.10. a 11 . saille, Thes. ii 334.1 ( Hy. v 27 ). tricha aige ina chrōis / ised sin fo l.¤ dó, Ériu ii 20.11 . intan . . . ro himpadh in l.¤ [ro bói isin coiri], RC xxvii 292.21 . ni tallad in l.¤ don tinig, RC x 220.3 . Cf. [i] l.¤ .i. a coire, O'Dav. 236.

Of ship cargo: is a lochtaib coirib inlongathar eathar, Laws iv 378.7 . eallach cach eathair co na fuiluing a l.¤ , v 490.11 . long mhor . . . fa na l.¤ do shíol eorna, Rel. Celt. ii 204.26 . a long fa l.¤ maitheasa, PBocht 23.47 . Pilib an long re gach l.¤ , O'R. Poems 1902 . l.¤ a arthraig do breith les a ngaduigecht, BCC 239 . gur scuireadh a scafa . . . go l.¤ , Ó Bruad. iii 174.8 . long láidir nár láadh a lacht as `whose cargo never was unloaded', Ó Bruad. i 168.y . Also complement: Luigaid Mál ro cuired a Herind l.¤ cethri loṅg co hAlbain, LL 22587 . rachuaidh Hercoil l.¤ nói long fata, 223a29 ( TTr. 452 ). l.¤ luingi dib do badad, Ann. Conn. 1247.12 . l.¤ na loingsi the crew of the fleet, ACL iii 309.7 . romarbsad l.¤ da eathar `the crews of two boats', RC xviii 188.32 (Tig.). mór an l.¤ arthraigh Éire, DDána 107.1 . rugadar san bháirc . . . / críoch na Niall d'éanl.¤ uile, 3 . tángadar Gaill i gCaoininis . . . l.¤ trí fichid long a líon, Keat. iii 2472. Hence vessel: in l.¤ ebernecdha do ghlanad ┐ do thirmugad .i. long Samsoin, Ériu v 154.166 .

Miscellaneous applications: ná falaigh orainn t'ucht geal / a l.¤ molaim ōs gach mhudh, Magauran 304 . na broind imairces in locht rena dingbalta a marbad (of the precious stone carried by the swallow), Celtica ii 73.131 . l.¤ na gcló the load carried by the nails (of Crucifixion), Aithd. D. 98.8 . fear luchta `a porter', Dinds. 64 (Edinb.). rug sí tríur dénl.¤ she bore three at one birth, Ériu v 80.29 . See lámann.

II People, class of persons, category (nearly always with defining gen. or clause).

(a) With follg. gen. Earliest meaning no doubt those occupying, inhabiting (and hence also possessing). luct Corint the people of C., Wb. 14b6 . áos túate ┐ l.¤ na sencheld, Mon. Tall. 137.5 . do locht na fearand, Laws iv 218.21 . l.¤ toice rich folk, DDána 45.4 .

Of household, occupants of castle, etc.: imthússa lochta na brudne, LU 7898 ( BDD 149 ). iss é l.¤ inn óentigi, LU 3984 ( SCC 45 ). fordiuglaim lochta in phuirt . . . eter dáine ┐ indile occupants, LU 9086 ( FB 83 ). l.¤ . . . cach imda, LL 3567 . tech itá lan locht can locht, Ériu vii 220 § 9 . l.¤ in chaslein, Ann. Conn. 1246.8 . l.¤ brogha `the complement of any house', O'Hara 1058 . go mbí duine uchd re huchd / cuire a l.¤ isin longphurt, IGT Decl. ex. 460 . taisech lochta tighe Tairrdelbaig `chief of the household', RC xviii 161.28 (Tig.). dux lochta tighe Cathail Croibhdeirg, AFM iii 241 n. h = toisech teaghlaigh, 240.15 . onóir . . . lochda éintighe Dé (of angels), Parrth. Anma 2211 . l.¤ an lis-sin (of Hell), DDána 29.30 . Also those belonging to, pertaining to: nítat apstil huili luct inna æcolsa, Wb. 12b18 . cāch co l.¤ a laithi contemporaries, Fél. Ep. 48 . l.¤ baisti Crist Christians, LL 215b29 . l.¤ in betha, Laws i 42.22 . l.¤ na tuaithe common folk : a bescna . . . lochta na tuaithi, v 12.19 Comm . l.¤ in tsoegail, PH 1672 . os cinn lochta a coimleabair classmates, BCC 48.10 . l.¤ cumhachtai `folk of might', RC xii 76.y . l.¤ na sé n-aimsear uile `the Six Generations', PBocht 14.39 . l.¤ h'aimsire your contemporaries, L. Cl. A. B. 59.9 . l.¤ aithenntais, Eg. Gl. 16. Those doing, doers of (actions): fiad l.¤ na n-etarnade `those lying in ambush', Thes. ii 354.9 . l.¤ fíra `compurgators', Laws v 492.23 . ar daigh lochta fira dagbail, iii 142.6 Comm . l.¤ in chogair ┐ in ḟill `the conspirators and traitors', Fianaig. 72.3 . l.¤ chogaidh foes, PBocht 18.11 . l.¤ feasa `sages', 14.12 . l.¤ iuil acquaintances, 2.23 . mo l.¤ leasa `advocates', 21.15 . DDána 30.9 . mo l.¤ míorúin my foes, 46.35 . l.¤ selga hunters, RC xxiii 396 § 1. l.¤ an toibhéime, L. Cl. A. B. 64.154 . maruid fós ferta Coluim / liaide da lucht uradhuill clients, Irish Texts ii 87 § 1. In some cases phrases have a quasi-permanent character and may indicate members of professions or recognised occupations: l.¤ na bairddne poets , TBC-LL¹ 3086 . l.¤ ech horsemen , SG 245.29 . l.¤ cumuinn friends , L. Cl. A. B. 83.53 . l.¤ aoinfheadhma is aonfhuluing (of Fer Diad and Cú Chulainn), DDána 104.21 . l.¤ do dhiomdha your foes, 20.7 . luchd formaid Dé, IGT Decl. ex. 1315 . l.¤ na mbeannacht `the Blessed', PBocht 25.40 . l.¤ na heiseirgi, RC xxviii 320 § 47 . l.¤ faghla in gach aird d'Éirinn, RC xlix 172 § 24 . l.¤ each . . . l.¤ nglac, Butler Poems 767 - 9 `horsemen . . . men equipped with forked weapons' (Notes). l.¤ éinleabtha bed-fellows , DDána 20.8 . l.¤ fáirte friends, Dán Dé xiii 2 . lán dho l.¤ ḟuinn musicians, Butler Poems 301 . l.¤ slighedh `envoys', CCath. 385 . l.¤ na slighedh travellers, RC xlvi 229.33 . 230.11 . l.¤ uird religious, Études Celt. i 80.10 . ITS xxix 125.23 .

(b) With follg. vn. clause those who (perform certain actions, are engaged in certain occupations): l.¤ adartha, LU 8401 ( FB 28 ). l.¤ airgthe . . . ┐ crecha ┐ cuarthaigthe gacha cúigidh ┐ tabairti giall ┐ braigdi, Comp. CC 121.13 . l.¤ aslaig ┐ urála, CCath. 523 . l.¤ altruim Chuinn ┐ Conn, DDána 105.5 . l.¤ céaddachair do chosaint those who bore the stress of war, DDána 107.34 . l.¤ a breathnoighthe, L. Cl. A. B. 206.98 . l.¤ cháigh i gcogar do chailg `folk who calumniate their neighbour', Aithd. D. 74.20 . l.¤ coigealta ar gceart n-ordhruic, L. Cl. A. B. 163.22 . l.¤ coméda na long, RC xviii 168.2 (Tig.). l.¤ comhōil corn drinking party, Duan. F. ii 336.1 . l.¤ churtha ghleó gáibhtheach `the fighters of perilous battles', 398 § 104. l.¤ cosanta 's comhroic, L. Cl. A. B. 39.26 . l.¤ dealuighthe Diabhail those who have chosen the devil(?), DDána 29.29 . l.¤ dénta an uilc, ITS xxix 195.37 . ní l.¤ déanta cúntair corma / Búrcaigh Bhanbha, DDána 111.39 `no folk to buy ale are the Burkes of Banbha', Ir. Monthly 1929, 371.39 . l.¤ eadrána fheirge an áirdríogh, DDána 34.7 . l.¤ a n-éistechta listeners, PBocht 25.33 . l.¤ na n-eisteacht toileamhail `voluntarii auditores', ITS xxix 127.3 . l.¤ feithmhe gach airde air, L. Cl. A. B. 158.139 . a l.¤ furnaidhe `those who are waiting for him', Studies 1919, 258 § 21 . l.¤ na gabhála the captors, L. Cl. A. B. 45.35 . l.¤ iomchuir cuinge Críosd, PBocht 8.22 . da l.¤ iomtha dob fherr locadh rivals, L. Cl. A. B. 197.29 . l.¤ a leasaighthe, DDána 104.8 . díoth leis a l.¤ míréire (of God), Dán Dé xxviii 34 . do l.¤ mholta an chodhnaigh, Aithd. D. 76.16 . l.¤ oileamhna an reachta ríogh `the Guardians of the Royal Law', PBocht 24.10 . l.¤ t'oilemhna those who brought you up, Irish Texts ii 108 § 40 . l.¤ tuillim edala, BCrólige 12 n. 13 . In a number of cases the relation between l.¤ and the vn. is more permanent and the phrases indicate professions, fixed categories of persons: l.¤ díoghla, L. Cl. A. B. 204.49 . l.¤ coimhmeasa rivals , 206.81 . l.¤ frestoil waiters , 239.61 . an l.¤ comhruicse these opponents, DDána 5.3 . l.¤ coimeda = custodes, Smaointe B. Chr. 5913 . l.¤ taistil in mhara Innecdha, Marco P. 153 . l.¤ bratha, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 35.33 . l.¤ teagaisg `teachers', Proverbs v 13.

(c) As ordinary antecedent of rel. clause (cf. O. Ir. indí). l.¤ céssais cen chinaid, Fél. Jan. 17 . l.¤ fris failti feraim, Ep. 49 . co farctais . . . cloch in lochta no mairfitis occi, LU 7037 ( BDD 68 ). opar in lochta asa cuit seo, LU 4351 . in l.¤ robatar hi ferand ┐ hi foscudh báis, Trip.² 4 . is baeth in l.¤ condránaic frit (of one person), TBC-LL¹ 1296 . ind lochta lúaidset din tṡlait, Metr. Dinds. iii 252.135 . is bec nar briss cinnu ind lochtae boi oc coistecht friu, RC xiii 6.11 . tar cend in lochta ro-t-croch, PH 173 . a l.¤ do bhí 'na bhaile / lér mian ceard is comhnaidhe, Studies 1924, 85 § 5 . gach l.¤ agaibh dá raibh riamh ann, Oss. iv 40.24 .

(d) Without qualifying gen. or clause: ni coir dídnad dondala l.¤ et troscud dond l.¤ ailiu gl. non enim ut aliis [sit] remissio, vobis autem tribulatio, Wb. 16c20 . cach ni do berur . . . don l.¤ so, Laws ii 46.7 . dond l.¤ sin, LU 2171 ( FA 25 ). i llamaib in lochta sin, PH 2850 . athfuabairt Atha luain lasin l.¤ cétna, RC xviii 57.29 (Tig.). neach ar a mbiadh fear 's a l.¤ / ní ris badh caithte t'urchar, Content. xvii 3. in l.¤ abhus, Duan. F. ii 162 § 31 . nach gabur athgabail in lochta romhuinn of the former (parties), Laws ii 46.20 . Cf. correcad lochta ┐ fulachta, TBC-I¹ 3646 perh. = lochta ┐ fo-lochta high and low meet a common fate.

With follg. adj.: indtsamhluigh thú féin ris in l.¤ chraibhdheach, ITS xxix 112.26 .

Compds. ¤grinn: mac Éibhir ghluinn-bhinn lucht-ghrinn (sic leg.) ró-nirt, O'Rah. 88.245 . ¤lethan: co facca . . . na longa lucht-lethna, CRR 11.

4 luige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 luige or dil.ie/30987

 

ind Exx. of doubtful ascription: nar in duine / eslind l.¤ / lethanbreo, IT iii 71 § 26 . l.¤ re luag leccu chuar / ua Chuan ní cundaill, 83 § 64 (lue, v.l.). a lorcain luighí / a bolcain buidi, 93 § 141. beothsa l.¤ ann do chailg / aird ríg Eirenn imme chuird, SG 409.12 .

? luiste

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? luiste or dil.ie/31048

 

ind ferg an chuain gan bhailg mbrisde, / gan chailg mbuaigh a lerg luisde; / ionnlaidh ben fháinne eisde / sreabh Feirsde ar áilne a huisge, L. Cl. A. B. 89.58 .

uilg tuilg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. uilg tuilg or dil.ie/42971

 

ind atcluinti ann ... geran na ngalgat ... ┐ uilg tuilg (v.l. ulgtuilg, uilcc tuilcc) na trenfer, CCath. 5945 . ba uilcc thuilcc, matan rombi oc Glais chuilcc, | beosa Loingseach and do chailg , AFM i 302.8 . Cf. SG 409.11 . TFrag. 108.5 .